Timeline 2000 (D) October - December

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2000        Oct 1, Stanley Kunitz (1905-2006) succeeded Robert Pinsky as the US poet laureate.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, BR p.2)(SFC, 5/16/06, p.B5)
2000        Oct 1, On the last day of the 27th Olympics in Sydney, the U.S. men's basketball team beat France for the gold medal. The United States led the way in the final medal tally, collecting 97 (39 gold, 25 silver and 33 bronze); Russia was second with 88 (32, 28 and 28), China third with 59 (28, 16, 15) and host Australia was fourth, with 58.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/2/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/1/01)
2000        Oct 1, Robert Allen, composer, died at age 73. His songs included "Chances Are," "Moments to Remember," and "Home for the Holidays."
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D5)
2000        Oct 1, Pope John Paul II on China’s national day, canonized as martyrs 87 Chinese believers and 33 European missionaries killed between 1648 and 1930. He also canonized Mother Katherine Drexel (d.1955), a Philadelphia heiress, who became a nun.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A12)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.78)
2000        Oct 1, In Brazil some 110 million voted  in municipal elections with advances by the Workers Party. A tilt to the left was seen as a response to corruption.
    (WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A23)
2000        Oct 1, In China Falun Dafa staged one of the biggest Tiananmen Square protests since it was banned 14 months earlier.
    (WSJ, 10/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 1, In India officials in West Bengal state said 997 people had died due to flooding over the past 3 weeks. 45 people were reported killed in Bangladesh.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 1, Israeli forces fought Palestinian rioters for a 3rd day and at least 12 Palestinians were killed. The fighting spread from the West Bank and Gaza to towns and cities inside Israel.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 2, Pres. Clinton signed into law the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) as Title 1 of the Trade and Development Act of 2000. It offered tangible incentives for African countries to continue their efforts to open their economies and build free markets.
2000        Oct 2, Virginia Gov. James Gilmore granted an absolute pardon to Earl Washington Jr., 17 years after the mentally retarded man was convicted for the rape and homicide of a mother of 3. An initial 1994 DNA test indicated another man in the case. A new DNA test identified a convicted rapist. In 2006 a federal jury awarded $2.25 million to Washington.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A4)(SFC, 5/6/06, p.A3)
2000        Oct 2, Britain’s 1st bill of rights went into effect.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 2, Israeli troops fired on protesting Arabs. 19 people were killed in the West Bank and Gaza and another 7 in Arab towns of northern Galilee. The 4 day toll rose to 48 dead and over 1,300 wounded. In 2003 the Or Commission blamed the government of PM Barak for not paying attention to rising discontent among Israel’s Arabs. In 2005 Israeli authorities, citing lack of evidence, said they would not file charges against any police officers for the killings of 13 Arabs during the October, 2000, riots.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/05, p.A3)
2000        Oct 2, In the Philippines soldiers freed 12 Christian evangelists from Abu Sayyaf rebels after one escaped and alerted the military. The guerrillas escaped with 5 remaining hostages.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A8)
2000        Oct 2, In Serbia the opposition staged a general strike as Pres. Milosevic went on national TV and called on his countrymen to re-elect him. In his first public address since a disputed election, Milosevic branded his opponents puppets of the West. A wave of unrest aimed at driving him from power swept Yugoslavia, and the government responded by arresting dozens of strike leaders.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A8)(AP, 10/2/01)
2000        Oct 2, In Sri Lanka a suspected suicide bomber killed at least 19 people at a political rally.
    (WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 3, Vice Pres. Al Gore and Gov. George W. Bush engaged in their 1st presidential debate, a 90 minute match at the Clark Athletic Center of the Univ. of Massachusetts. "Bush may have won by not losing." Gore and Bush clashed over tax cuts, Medicare prescription drug benefits and campaign finance.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/3/01)
2000        Oct 3, The Natuna Sea, a Panama-registered tanker, went aground between Indonesia and Singapore and spilled some 2 million gallons of crude oil.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 3, In the Dominican Republic an arms depot exploded and 2 civilians were killed in San Cristobal.
    (WSJ, 10/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 3, In Indonesia Hutomo Mandala Putra, aka Tommy Suharto, admitted that he was guilty of corruption and asked for clemency.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 3, A cease-fire between Israel and the Palestinians quickly crumbled and the death toll climbed to at least 54. Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat planned to meet in Paris to seek an end to the conflict.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 4, 3Com was expected to announce plans to join with Harris Interactive for the largest Internet survey to date.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.D1)
2000        Oct 4, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid denied clemency to Tommy Suharto and ordered the arrest of a Timorese militia chief.
    (SFC, 10/5/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 4, In Israel Barak agreed to withdraw heavy arms from the West Bank and Gaza in a bid to halt violence. Amid fresh bloodshed in the West Bank and Gaza, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright brought Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat together for talks in Paris.
    (WSJ, 10/5/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/4/01)
2000        Oct 4, In the Ivory Coast a bus-station bombing killed 4 people and a state of emergency was declared.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 4, In Serbia the Constitutional Court set aside part of the Sep 24 voting results in a move seen to buy time for Pres. Milosevic. Citizens blocked an attempt by the government to use force against strikers and protesters. Major protests were planned to force Milosevic from office.
    (SFC, 10/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 5, "The Beatles Anthology," a $60 oversize volume with 1,200 photos, went on sale.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.E1)
2000        Oct 5, In the only debate of presidential running mates during the 2000 campaign Dick Cheney and Joe Lieberman, the vice-presidential candidates, debated over national TV from Centre College in Danville, Ky. Republican Cheney and Democrat Lieberman disagreed firmly but politely about military readiness, tax cuts and the future of Social Security.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/5/01)
2000        Oct 5, The European Central Bank (ECB) raised interest rates by a quarter % to 4.75%.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.B2)
2000        Oct 5, Israeli tanks pulled back from forward positions and Palestinian security forces cleared stone throwers from the streets in the 1st steps of a US-brokered cease-fire.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A17)
2000        Oct 5, In western Japan a 7.3 earthquake struck and at least 106 people were injured.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D6)(SFC, 10/7/00, p.A8)(SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A18)
2000        Oct 5, Nigerians from Libya arrived home on repatriation flights and bore tales of a pogrom by youths resentful of economic immigrants.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 5, In the Philippines Pres Estrada presided over the surrender of 600 Muslim rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 5, Vojislav Kostunica spoke from the balcony of City Hall as several hundred thousand protestors, led by workers from Cacak, took over Belgrade, the parliament building and TV station. The state Tanjug news agency switched allegiance to Vojislav Kostunica.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A1,16)(SFC, 10/7/00, p.A8)
2000        Oct 5, In Sri Lanka a suicide explosion near an election rally left 13 people dead in Medawachchiya.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.D4)
2000        Oct 5, In Tanzania 18 people died and 39 were injured as a bus swerved to avoid a presidential motorcade and hit a crowd of people.
    (WSJ, 10/6/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 6, The US jobless rate was reported at 3.9%, a 3-decade low.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 6, New Power Holdings, an IPO launched by Enron, climbed 29% to close at $27. In 2002 it was sold to a British energy firm for $1.05 per share.
    (WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A1)
2000        Oct 6, Richard Farnsworth (80), stuntman-turned-actor, died at his New Mexico ranch.
    (AP, 10/6/01)
2000        Oct 6, In Argentina Vice President Carlos Alvarez resigned amid a fallout over a corruption scandal and a Cabinet shake-up.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 6, In Bolivia Indian leaders and government ministers agreed to prop up corn prices, reverse a land titling process and revert water rights back to Indian peasants. This followed 3 weeks of road blocks that had paralyzed the economy.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A9)
2000        Oct 6, In Indonesia 7 people were killed and 38 injured in Irian Jaya following a clash after police and soldiers lowered the separatist Free Papua Movement’s "Morning Star" flag in Wamena town.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 6, Israel pulled troops from Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus in an effort to ease tensions.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 6, In the Ivory Coast the Supreme Court disqualified former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara and most other candidates from the presidential elections.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 6, In Reynosa, Mexico, a DC932 plane with 83 passengers overran a runway and crashed into a group of homes and then a canal. 6 people walking along the canal were killed.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 6, In Peru a 5,000 barrel oil spill by an Argentine company threatened the water resources of some 10,000 inhabitants in the northern jungle.
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A24)
2000        Oct 6, In Serbia Slobodan Milosevic resigned and the opposition celebrated across the country. Milosevic conceded defeat to Vojislav Kostunica in Yugoslavia's presidential elections, a day after protesters angry at Milosevic for clinging to power stormed parliament and ended his 13-year autocratic regime.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/6/01)

2000        Oct 7, Three Israeli soldiers were kidnapped on the Lebanon border. Un peacekeepers made a film 18 hours later that showed Hezbollah guerrillas, the vehicles used and other evidence of the abduction.
    (SFC, 7/12/01, p.A12)
2000        Oct 7, Palestinians tore up Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus and Hezbollah guerrillas captured 3 Israeli soldiers. Prime Minister Ehud Barak threatened to use force and to halt the peace process unless the violence stopped.
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 7, In Serbia Vojislav Kostunica was sworn in as the 1st popularly elected president of Yugoslavia. He was backed by an 18-party coalition.
    (SFEC 10/8/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/9/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 8, It was reported that Austria had agreed to pay $400 million to slave and forced laborers sent there by Hitler during WW II.
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A28)
2000        Oct 8, In southwestern Bangladesh fresh rains submerged 25 villages.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8, In Belgium municipal and provincial elections showed the far right Flemish Bloc gaining popular support.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8, Chechen rebels crossed into Ingushetia and attacked a police patrol. 2 officers were killed and 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8-11, In El Salvador a week of deaths from sugarcane liquor contaminated with methyl alcohol increased to 51. Bottles of Thunderbolt were suspected to have been refilled with a mixture of methanol and resold to poor farmworkers. Liquor sales were banned after 117 deaths.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)(SFC, 10/11/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 8, In Lithuania the Social Democrat coalition led by former CP boss, Algirdas Brazauskas, surpassed the ruling Conservatives.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 8, In Poland Pres. Aleksander Kwasniewski won a second five-year term in national elections with 55% of the vote.
    (SFC, 10/9/00, p.A10)(AP, 10/8/01)

2000        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded to Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel of the US and Arvid Carlsson of Sweden for research in how memory works and for laying the foundation for the development of anti-depressants. In 2006 Kandel authored “In search of Memory: The Emergence of a New Science of Mind."
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A3)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.78)
2000        Oct 9, In Chechnya 3 Russian soldiers were shot to death in Urus-Martan.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 9, The EU lifted an oil embargo and other sanctions against Yugoslavia as Pres. Kostunica secured the resignations of Prime Minister Momir Bulatovic and Interior Minister Vlajko Stojilkovic.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 9, Israel backed from a deadline against the Palestinians to stop violence in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 9, In the Philippines Gov. Luis Singson of Ilocos Sur province charged that Pres. Estrada received over $11 million in payoffs, mostly from illegal gambling.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 9, In Spain Luis Portero, a head state attorney for the Andalusian Superior Court, was shot to death in Granada. The ETA was suspected.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 9, Turkey became the 9th nation to send a token humanitarian flight to Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, co-inventor of the computer chip, Herbert Kroemer (72) of UC Santa Barbara and Zhores Alferov (70) of Russia for work in high-speed transistors and tiny lasers.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A1,6)
2000        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to Alan Heeger (64) of UC Santa Barbara, Alan MacDiarmed (73) of Univ. of Pennsylvania, and Hideki Shirakawa (64) of the Univ. of Tsukuba for their work in modifying plastics to conduct electricity.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A6)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.89)
2000        Oct 10, Pres. Clinton met with Vice Marshal Jo Myong Rok, the most senior North Korean official to ever visit the US.
    (WSJ, 10/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 10, In Kentucky sludge from a coal mines broke through a waste lagoon of the A.T. Massey Coal Co. and some 250 million gallons hit coldwater Creek and Wolf Creek near Inez. Gov. Paul E. Patton declared a 10-county emergency.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A20)
2000        Oct 10, Minnesota’s Rep. Bruce Vento, a 12-term liberal Democrat, died at age 60. He championed environmental and homeless causes. The Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary in St. Paul was named in his honor.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.C2)(LP, Spring 2006, p.25)
2000        Oct 10, In Ethiopia Prime Minister Meles Zenawi was re-elected by acclamation in parliament to another 5-year term.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 10, In the Philippines 15 Abu Sayyaf rebels surrendered in Talipao town on Jolo Island. 129 guerrillas were reported killed and 53 captured during the recent assault on Jolo.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A4)
2000        Oct 10, In Sri Lanka at least 5 people were killed in violence during parliamentary elections. Kumaratunga’s People’s Alliance led the voting over the United National Party with 107 seats to 89 in the 225-seat legislature.
    (WSJ, 10/11/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/12/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)
2000        Oct 10, In Sri Lanka Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the 1st woman in the world to serve as a prime minister, died at age 84 just after voting in elections.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A24)
2000        Oct 10, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe pardoned offenders for thousands of politically motivated crimes committed between Jan 1 and July 31.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A14)   

2000        Oct 11, The Nobel Prize in economics went to Daniel McFadden (63) of UC Berkeley for developing ways of analyzing consumer decisions and to James Heckman of Univ. of Chicago for developing techniques to strip out hidden biases in studies of the labor force. Heckman won for work on teasing out cause and effect from messy, real-world data.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A1)(Econ., 5/16/20, p.21)
2000        Oct 11, Pres. Clinton agreed to sign legislation to lift the embargo on food sales to Cuba. It also provided aid to drought-stricken farmers and allowed the import of US-made drugs that are sold cheaper in other countries.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A7)
2000        Oct 11, Bush and Gore engaged in their 2nd debate at Wake Forest in North Carolina. They spent the first half politely discussing foreign policy, and the second half clashing over domestic issues.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/11/01)
2000        Oct 11, The shuttle Discovery with a crew of 7 lifted off from Cape Canaveral for an 11-day mission to the Int’l. Space Station. It marked the shuttle fleet’s 100th mission.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 11, Celera Genomics announced the completion of the mapping of the lab mouse’s genome.
    (WSJ, 10/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 11, Palestinians continued to riot in Gaza and the West Bank and the death toll approached 100.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 11, In Venezuela tens of thousands of oil workers went on strike for higher wages.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A16)

2000        Oct 12, The Nobel Prize in literature was won by Gao Xingjian (60), an exiled Chinese writer living in Paris. His novels include "Soul Mountain," based on a 1986 walking tour along the Yangtze River.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 12, Pres. Clinton lifted key economic sanctions against Serbia.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 12, North Korea’s Vice-Marshal Jo Myong Rok presented Pres. Clinton with a personal invitation from Pres. Kim to visit Pyongyang. The Clinton administration and North Korea issued a joint communique asserting a decision to "fundamentally improve" their relations.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 1/2/03, p.A1)
2000        Oct 12, The DJIA fell 379.21 (3.6%) to 10,034, while the NASDAQ fell 93.81 (3%) to 3074 in response to the Middle East crises.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 12, A US Navy destroyer, the USS Cole, refueling in Yemen suffered an enormous explosion in what appeared to be a terrorist attack. Initial reports had at least 6 sailors killed with 11 missing. The death toll was revised to 17. The 8,600-ton Cole was returned to the US aboard the Norwegian ship Blue Marlin. In 2001 a video tape by "Al-Sahab Productions" circulated among Muslim militants with footage of the bombed vessel. The Cole returned to active duty in 2003 following $250 million in repairs. In 2007 Walid Muhammad bin Attash told a military tribunal at Guantanamo that he was responsible for organizing the Cole attack as well as the 1998 bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. In 2014 Abd al-Rahm al Nashiri (49) of Saudi Arabia faced trial for orchestrating the bombing.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/14/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A12)(SFC, 6/20/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/1/03, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.A3)(SFC, 3/5/14, p.A6)
2000        Oct 12, In Chechnya a car bomb exploded outside a Grozny police stations and at least 10 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)
2000        Oct 12, In Ecuador suspected Columbian FARC guerrillas kidnapped 5 Americans and 5 other foreign oil workers, hijacked a helicopter, and crossed back to Columbia. It was later suspected that the kidnappers were Ecuadoran criminals rather than Colombian guerrillas. One American was later killed and 2 Frenchmen escaped.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A17)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 12, The Palestinian Authority released hundreds of prisoners including senior Islamic militants.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A5)
2000        Oct 12, A mob of Palestinians beat at least 2 Israeli reserve soldiers to death. Israeli helicopters fired missiles at targets in Gaza in retaliation. Two reservist soldiers, Cpl. Vadim Norjitz (33) and Yossi Avrahami (38) were on their way to their army base in the West Bank in October 2000 but took a wrong turn and ended up in Ramallah. Israel later arrested at least four suspects in the killing. In 2007 a 5th suspect, Ayman Zaban, was caught in an upscale neighborhood of the northern West Bank city of Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 9/26/07)

2000        Oct 13, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Pres. Kim Dae Jung (74) of South Korea for his efforts to make peace with North Korea.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 13, A US federal appeals court ruled that residents of Puerto Rico cannot vote in presidential elections unless the island becomes a state or the US Constitution is amended.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A4)
2000        Oct 13, The DJIA rose 157.61 to 10,192, while the NASDAQ rose 242 (7.9%) to 3316, in a possible dead cat bounce.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.D1)
2000        Oct 13, Chevron announced plans to acquire Texaco in a deal valued at $37 billion. Chevron and Texaco agreed to merge on Oct 15 for $35 billion in stock and $7.5 billion in debt.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 13, Gus Hall (90), longtime American communist, died in New York.
    (AP, 10/13/01)
2000        Oct 13, Jean Peters, film actress and former wife of Howard Hughes, died at age 73.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A24)
2000        Oct 13, In Serbia a new agreement was reached to hold parliamentary elections on Dec 24.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 13, Janko "Tuta" Janjic (43), a war crimes suspect, killed himself in Foca, a town in the Serb section of Bosnia, when NATO troops came to arrest him.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 14, Angelo Perez Baraquio (24), Miss Hawaii, was crowned Miss America in Atlanta City, NJ.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A2)
2000        Oct 14, Six San Francisco Bay Area people associated with the Flying Doctors aid group were killed when their plane crashed in Ensenada, Mexico.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 14, In Belarus parliamentary elections were held. Authorities hand-picked most candidates and those with known anti-Lukoshenko views were barred from running. The average salary in Belarus was $50 per month.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A22)
2000        Oct 14, In Indonesia police arrested Alip Agung Suwondo, Pres. Wassid’s masseur, on suspicion of trying to steal $4 million in state funds.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 14, Philippine troops arrested 36 suspected supporters of Abu Sayyaf rebels and 6 others surrendered on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 14, A Saudi jetliner was hijacked with over 100 people and landed in Baghdad. 2 hijackers were arrested.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 14, In Somalia Pres. Abdiqasim Salad Hassan returned from Djibouti.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 14, In Switzerland a mudslide in Gondo left 18 people missing.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A20)
2000        Oct 14, In Uganda it was reported that at least 35 people of the northern Gulu district had died in recent weeks of a hemorrhagic fever possibly caused by the Ebola or Marburg virus.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A12)

2000        Oct 15, President Clinton left Washington for emergency talks in Egypt with Israeli and Arab leaders.
    (AP, 10/15/01)
2000        Oct 15, New York Times movie and drama critic Vincent Canby died at age 76.
    (AP, 10/15/01)
2000        Oct 15, In Belarus parliamentary elections were held. Authorities hand-picked most candidates and those with known anti-Lukoshenko views were barred from running. The average salary in Belarus was $50 per month. An opposition call for a boycott failed due to rural government support.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A22)(SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 15, The Palestinian Hezbollah seized an Israeli colonel, Elchanan Tennenbaum, in Switzerland.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 15, Two rival Solomon Island militia groups signed a peace agreement in Australia.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)
2000        Oct 15, At least 31 people were killed as landslides due to heavy rains continued in the Alps of Switzerland and Italy. 23 died in northern Italy and 8 in southern Switzerland.
    (SFC, 10/16/00, p.F8)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A14)(SFC, 10/19/00, p.C4)

2000        Oct 16, The New York Mets beat the St. Louis Cardinals 7-to-0 to win the National League championship series four games to one.
    (AP, 10/16/01)
2000        Oct 16, President Clinton launched a fresh effort to try to cool Middle East tensions at an emergency summit in Egypt that included Israeli and Palestinian leaders, as well as the leaders of Egypt and Jordan and U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 10/16/01)
2000        Oct 16, Louis Farrakhan planned a one million family march in Washington to seek spiritual strength and political empowerment. Thousands gathered in the National Mall to celebrate the American family.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A3)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 16, Missouri Gov. Mel Carnahan, his son, Roger Carnahan, and chief of staff Chris Sifford were killed in a plane crash near St. Louis. Roger Carnahan piloted the twin-engine Cessna in stormy weather.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 16, The Chinese press endorsed the building of a $12 billion river project to divert water from the Yangtze north to the Yellow River.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C3)
2000        Oct 16, A Middle East summit was planned to begin at Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt. Violent demonstrations continued in the West Bank and Gaza and 2 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 16, Israel announced the kidnapping by Hizbullah of Elchanan Tannenbaum (b.1946), a colonel in Israel’s reserves. He was kidnapped in Dubai and taken to Lebanon. Tannenbaum was released in January 2004 as part of a prisoner swap with Hezbollah. The swap exchanged 435 prisoners held by Israel in return for Tannenbaum's release and the return of the bodies of 3 soldiers killed during an ambush along the Israeli-Lebanese border.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elchanan_Tennenbaum)
2000        Oct 16, In Lagos, Nigeria, over 100 people died in clashes between Hausas and Yorubas. Most of the dead were believed to be Hausas.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 10/18/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 16, Milosevic allies agreed to share power until elections. A German newspaper reported that the Milosevic family had $100 million in foreign accounts with some of the money from drug trafficking. Swiss authorities had already frozen 100 bank accounts worth $57 million linked to Milosevic and his allies.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 16, In Spain Col. Antonio Munoz Carinanos (58), a military doctor, was killed in Seville by 3 suspected Basque gunmen. 2 suspects were arrested.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)
2000        Oct 16, In Zimbabwe hundreds rampaged in eastern Harare over food prices. Opposition leaders called for the resignation of Pres. Mugabe.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)

2000        Oct 17, The New York Yankees followed the Mets into the World Series, beating the Seattle Mariners 9-to-7 and winning the American League championship series four games to two.
    (AP, 10/17/01)
2000        Oct 17, Al Gore and George W. Bush held their 3rd and last TV debate from St. Louis with a town hall format.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 17, The month long Los Angeles transit authority strike ended following negotiations brokered by Jesse Jackson.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 17, In Britain the London to Leeds train derailed at Hatfield and 4 people were killed with 70 injured.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatfield_rail_crash)
2000        Oct 17, In Chechnya it was reported that mines planted by rebels killed 4 Russian soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A26)
2000        Oct 17, Ending an emergency summit in Egypt, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed to publicly urge an end to a burst of bloody conflict and to consult within two weeks on restarting the ravaged Mideast peace process.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/17/01)
2000        Oct 17, Montenegro Pres. Milo Djukanovic refused to take part in national institutions with Serbia until the Montenegro-Serbia relationship is redefined.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A12)

2000        Oct 18, President Clinton honored the 17 sailors killed in a suicide bomb attack against the USS Cole as he attended a ceremony at the Norfolk Naval Station in Virginia.
    (AP, 10/18/01)
2000        Oct 18, Julie London, singer and actress, died in Los Angeles at age 74.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A29)
2000        Oct 18, Broadway musical star Gwen Verdon died in Woodstock, Vt., at age 75.
    (AP, 10/18/01)
2000        Oct 18, In Angola gunmen attacked 2 buses at Andurie and killed dozens of people.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 18, In Bosnia over 1,000 Bosnian Serb high school students rioted in Brcko and demanded an end to the city’s multiethnic status.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C2)
2000        Oct 18, The World Bank endorsed a $3.5 billion oil project in Chad with 80% of the revenues to go to development. 10% was to be invested for future generations. The pipeline was to go from southern Chad to an Atlantic port in Cameroon. By 2008 rather than comply with the bank’s strictures, Chad had repaid its loans in full and spent its oil money as it pleased.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.63)
2000        Oct 18, In China a human rights group reported that 3 members of Falun Gong died after their arrest by police. 57 Falun Gong members have died under police custody during the 15-month crackdown.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)
2000        Oct 18, In Israel undercover agents captured as many as 8 Palestinians believed to have taken part in the lynching death of 2 Israeli soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 18, Hundreds of Italian police raided the Univ. of Messina. 79 faculty and staff were later indicted on organized crime charges.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A4)
2000        Oct 18, In southern Italy the bodies of 6 illegal immigrants, believed to be Kurds, were found dumped on the side of a highway.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)
2000        Oct 18, In the Philippines opposition legislators filed a resolution for the impeachment of Pres. Estrada for taking bribes. Some 15,000 people massed in Manila and called for Estrada’s resignation.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A17)

2000        Oct 19, A panel of US scientists recommended that the FDA ban the drug ingredient phenylpropanolamine (PPA), a common ingredient in decongestants and appetite suppressants due to the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in young women. The FDA issued a warning on PPA on Nov 6.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 19, It was reported that scientists had brought to life 4 strains of bacteria entombed in salt crystals of New Mexico rock for 250 million years.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 19, In East Timor Jose Ramos-Horta, Nobel Peace laureate, was sworn in as the foreign minister.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 19, Israeli soldiers fought with Palestinian militiamen in the West Bank and 2 people were killed with 18 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 19, In the Philippines at least 9 people were reported killed and 11 wounded in several attacks by the MILF.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 19, In Sri Lanka a suicide bomber killed himself, 2 other people and injured 21 in Colombo after police challenged him near the Town Hall.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.C10)(SFC, 10/20/00, p.a16)

2000        Oct 20, Egyptian-born Ali Mohamed, a U.S. citizen who'd served in the Army (1986), pleaded guilty in New York to helping plan the deadly U.S. Embassy bombings in Africa in 1998 that killed 224 people, including 12 Americans. It was later reported that Mohamed, a former Egyptian Army major, had served as an FBI informant.
    (AP, 10/20/01)(SSFC, 11/4/01, p.A1)
2000        Oct 20, In Colombia FARC guerrillas near Dabeiba killed 54 members of the army and national police. 22 were killed in the crash of a US-made Black hawk helicopter hit by gunfire.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 20, Israeli troops killed at least 9 Palestinians and wounded dozens in numerous West Bank clashes. The Israeli-Palestinian truce brokered by President Clinton collapsed in a hail of gunfire, with Israeli troops killing nine Palestinians and wounding 67.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/01)
2000        Oct 20, In Japan the Kyoei Life Insurance Co. filed for bankruptcy. The failure of the 11th-largest Japanese live insurer marked the biggest corporate failure since WW II.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.D1)
2000        Oct 20, In Mexico City a fire at the Lohobombo salsa club killed at least 19 people.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 21, The former passenger ship S.S. Belofin-1, sank near Cape Town while on tow for demolition. The ship was originally built in 1931 as the Matson luxury liner "Monterey" and served as a troop transport during WW II. She was renamed a number of times and was also known as the Matsonia, Lurline (after the 1932 original demolished in 1987), and Britanis.
    (Ind, 11/4/00,5A)
2000        Oct 21, Tens of thousands of Palestinians took to the streets in marches and funerals in Gaza and the West Bank. 4 Palestinians were killed and over 100 injured.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 21, Fifteen Arab leaders met in Cairo for a 2-day summit, their first summit in four years. They condemned Israel for violence and made proposals to deal with Israel. The Libyan delegation walked out, angry over signs the summit would stop short of calling for breaking ties with Israel.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.A1,21)(AP, 10/21/01)

2000        Oct 22, US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright arrived in North Korea to pave the way for a possible visit by Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 22, In SF Claire Tempongko (28) was repeatedly stabbed to death by her ex-boyfriend Tari Ramirez (27) in front of her 2 children (5 & 10) in her basement apartment on 22nd Ave. A month before her death Tempongko had lodged 2 police reports against Ramirez. In 2004 the city settled a case for police inaction for $500,000. In 2006 Ramirez was arrested near Cancun, Mexico. In 2007 he was returned to the US to face trial. In 2008 Ramirez was convicted of 2nd-degree murder. In 2011 a state appeals court overturned the murder conviction entitling Ramirez to a new trial. In 2013 the case went to the state Supreme Court to decide if the killing was manslaughter or murder.
    (www.purpleberets.org/violence_tempongko.html)(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A1) (SFCM, 8/24/03, p.12)(SFC, 10/1/08, p.B5)(SFC, 3/31/11, p.C2)(SFC, 2/6/13, p.A6)
2000        Oct 22, In Afghanistan opposition forces captured a mountain pass near Taloqan and killed at least 42 Taliban soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A11)
2000        Oct 22, Arab nations demanded a UN war crimes tribunal for Israelis responsible for Palestinian deaths and formally ended economic cooperation with Israel. Ehud Barak suspended Israeli participation in the peace process. He called for a "timeout" to decide whether negotiations can be salvaged. Arab leaders meeting in Egypt wrapped up a two-day summit on Israeli-Palestinian violence with a declaration that stopped short of an outright call for cutting ties with Israel.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/22/01)
2000        Oct 22, Canada’s Prime Minister Jean Chretien called for new elections in an attempt to increase his parliamentary majority.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 22, In the Ivory Coast elections were held with candidates from the 2 biggest parties excluded. All candidates from the Muslim north, 40% of the population, were excluded. The tally was halted when early returns put Socialist Laurent Gbagho ahead.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 22, In Spain Maximo Casada Carrera (44), a prison officer, was killed by a car bomb in Vitoria. The ETA was blamed.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A11)

2000        Oct 23, Pres. Clinton signed a bill for a national standard of .08% as the legal limit for alcohol in drunken driving.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A8)
2000        Oct 23, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright held groundbreaking talks in North Korea with communist leader Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 10/23/01)
2000        Oct 23, It was reported that General Electric had agreed to buy Honeywell for $48.4 billion in stock and assumed debt.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.D1)
2000        Oct 23, In India at least 16 people were killed in 2 attacks in Assam state. Police blamed the United Liberation Front of Asom. Over 10,000 people have been killed since the group began its campaign 2 decades ago.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 23, In Israel Prime Minister Barak opened negotiations with Ariel Sharon and the Likud Party for a broad-based emergency government.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 23, The Int’l. Commission on Kosovo recommended that Kosovo become a separate state when the safety of its minorities can be guaranteed.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 23, In Lebanon Pres. Lahoud appointed Rafik Hariri as prime minister.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 23, Two more Palestinians died from injuries received during rioting in Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 23, In Peru Vladimiro Montesinos, the former intelligence chief, landed in Pisco as police and protesters clashed in Lima.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 23, Senegal struck the 1st cut-rate deal for AIDS drugs with discounts as much as 90% from US retail prices.
    (WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 23, In Sri Lanka rebels launched an attack against the navy base at Trincomalee. The military said 24 combatants died including 18 rebels.
    (WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 24, The US signed a free trade deal with Jordan that included labor rights and environmental standards.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 24, The space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base following the 100th shuttle flight and work on the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 24, In Chechnya 13 Russian soldiers died from rebel mines and attacks and 24 were wounded.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 24, In Colombia political abductions rose to 5 over the last 3 days. Rebel and right wing paramilitaries were suspected in the kidnapping of the opposition Liberal Party members.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 24, In Italy the Parliament approved a law to end the 200-year old draft in favor of an all volunteer military. The armed forces planned reductions to 190,000  from 270,000 within 7 years.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 24, In the Ivory Coast Gen. Robert Guei declared himself the winner in presidential elections and dissolved the electoral commission that showed his main opponent in the lead. Protests broke out, at least 2 people were killed and a state of emergency was declared.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A15)(WSJ, 10/25/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 24, In North Korea Kim Jong Il promised not to launch any ballistic missiles during talks with US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright in return for a package that included the launch of a North Korean satellite.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 10/25/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 24, In the Philippines a rebel commander and 18 followers surrendered on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Oct 25, Europe with support from Canada and Japan announced a $280 million support package for Colombian efforts to make peace with leftist rebels.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 25, In the Ivory Coast a people’s revolt forced Gen. Robert Guei out of power. Laurent Gbagbo (55) of the Ivorian Popular Front was introduced over state TV as the new head of state.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 25, In Peru Pres. Fujimori ordered the arrest of Vladimiro Montesinos.
    (WSJ, 10/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 25, In the Philippines 3 Malaysian hostages held by rebels were rescued on Jolo Island.
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 25, Russian divers began to recover bodies from the Kursk submarine. A note was found that indicated 23 men had survived the initial accident but were unable to escape.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)(SFC, 10/27/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 25, A Russian plane with at least 75 passengers and crew crashed while trying to land in Georgia. All were feared dead.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)
2000        Oct 25, In Sierra Leone the 1,800 man peacekeeping contingent from Jordan began to withdraw and charged that rich nations were not doing their share.
    (WSJ, 10/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka some 3000 Sinhala villagers in Bindunuwewa attacked a Tamil rebel child rehabilitation center and killed 26 ex-fighters (14-25). They were angered when the child soldiers took hostage a Sinhalese officer.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.D8)(Econ, 7/18/09, p.40)
2000        Oct 25, In Zimbabwe the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) presented articles of impeachment against Pres. Mugabe.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A16)

2000        Oct 26, The New York Yankees became the first team in more than a quarter century to win three straight World Series championships, beating the New York Mets 4-to-2 in game five of their "Subway Series." The Yankees matched the Oakland Athletics' three in a row from 1972-74, and won their fourth title in five years.
    (AP, 10/26/01)
2000        Oct 26, The US FDA planned to ban 2 fluoroquinolone antibiotics used by poultry farmers due to fears that humans might become infected with germs that resist treatment.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 26, UN sponsored scientists reported that pollution had contributed substantially to global warming.
    (SFC, 10/26/00, p.A3)
2000        Oct 26, In China at least 100 Falun Gong sect members were dragged from Tiananmen Square following a protest one the year anniversary of a government ban of the cult.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A21)
2000        Oct 26, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at an Israeli army outpost. 129 people, mostly Palestinians, were reported killed in over four weeks of fighting.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A20)
2000        Oct 26, In the Ivory Coast dozens of people were reported killed as supporters of Alassane Ouattara called for new elections.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A21)
2000        Oct 26, Diamonds from Sierra Leone arrived in Antwerp under a new UN plan to keep diamond revenues from financing civil war.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 26, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez greeted Fidel Castro and they planned an accord for oil shipments to Cuba in exchange for bartered products and services.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.D2)

2000        Oct 27, Canadian authorities arrested the men they say masterminded the 1985 bombing of an Air India jumbo jet near Ireland that claimed the lives of all 329 people aboard.
    (AP, 10/27/01)
2000        Oct 27, In China the state media reported that auditors had found over $11 billion in mismanaged funds in government offices and businesses.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 27, In Ivory Coast the bodies of 57 young men were found outside Abidjan. Ouattara claimed the men were members of his Rally of the Republicans party and were killed by paramilitary police. 8 gendarmes were acquitted in 2001 due to lack of evidence.
    (SFEC, 10/29/00, p.A22)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.A10)
2000        Oct 27, Palestinians clashed with Israelis in a "Day of Rage" and 4 were killed with 150 people injured.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 27, In Taiwan Pres. Chen Shui Bian halted construction of a 4th nuclear power plant near Kungliao. The $5.5 bil project was one-third complete.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 27, Pres. Kostunica applied for Yugoslavia’s membership in the United Nations.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A14)

2000        Oct 28, In Kosovo municipal elections were held. Ibrahim Rugova declared victory for his League for a Democratic Kosovo and won 21 of 27 contested municipalities.
    (SFEC, 10/29/00, p.A17)(SFC, 10/29/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 28, David Trimble, leader of Northern Ireland's biggest Protestant party, narrowly won a crucial party battle, keeping alive the province's power-sharing government.
    (AP, 10/28/01)
2000        Oct 28, Palestinians clashed with Israeli troops and at least 29 were wounded.
    (SFEC, 10/29/00, p.A18)

2000        Oct 29, The wounded destroyer USS Cole departed Aden, Yemen, towed by tugboats to a Norwegian heavy-lift ship to be taken home to repair the gaping hole in its side; 17 sailors were killed in a suicide bombing attack on Oct. 12.
    (AP, 10/29/01)
2000        Oct 29, Israeli tanks rolled through Gaza to secure free movement for Jewish settlers. 5 Palestinians were killed in Gaza, Nablus and Jenin.
    (SFC, 10/30/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 29, In Kyrgyzstan Pres. Askar Askaev coasted to a 3rd term in flawed elections where 5 rivals were given no real chance to win. Askaev claimed 73% of the vote.
    (WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 29, Lt. Col. Ollanta Humala led some 51 soldiers in a revolt against pres. Fujimori in Toquepala. They kidnapped Gen. Oscar Bardales. In 2006 former spy chief Vladimiro Montesinos called Humala's uprising a "farce, an operation of deception and manipulation" designed to "facilitate my exit from the country on the sailboat Karisma."
    (SFC, 10/30/00, p.A10)(AP, 5/20/06)
2000        Oct 29, In the Philippines Typhoon Xangsane left 14 dead on Luzon and moved toward China.
    (WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 29, In Tanzania elections were held. The leader of Zanzibar charged that ballots were kept from opposition strongholds. Police later fired on protesters and officials agreed to rerun voting in 16 of 50 districts.
    (WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 30, Steve Allen, TV entertainer, died at his home in Encino at age 78. He was the creator of the "Tonight Show," had recorded 49 albums, wrote 53 books and starred in and appeared in numerous TV shows.
    (SFC, 11/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 30, A heavy storm swept over Western Europe and at least 8 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 30, In Indonesia at least 43 people died in landslides on Java due to heavy rains.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 30, Israel fired rockets from helicopter gunships in the West Bank and Gaza as a warning against the use of guerrilla tactics. The death rose to 133 Palestinians and 10 Israelis.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 30, In Peru a revolt of renegade troops drew to a close as most of those involved were rounded up. Lt. Col Humala and 7 soldiers remained at large.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A13)
2000        Oct 30, In Madrid, Spain, a car bomb killed Supreme Court magistrate Jose Francisco Querol (69), his driver and an escort. 35 were wounded and the ETA was blamed.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 31, American astronaut Bill Shepherd and Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev of Russia rocketed into orbit aboard a Soyuz rocket for the Int’l. Space Station for a 4-month stay. They would become the first residents of the international space station.
    (www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/shepherd.html)(SFC, 10/31/00, p.A12)(AP, 10/31/01)
2000        Oct 31, Ring Lardner Jr., a Hollywood screenwriter, died at age 85. He was one of the Hollywood Ten, who were blacklisted in the 1947 McCarthy hearings.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.a23)
2000        Oct 31, Samuel R. Pierce Jr. (78), former US Housing Secretary, died.
    (AP, 10/31/01)
2000        Oct 31, In Angola a Russian Antonov 26 charter plane burst into flames after takeoff and all 48 people aboard were killed. Unita rebels later claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A13)(WSJ, 11/3/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 31, In Germany the Expo 2000 closed in Hanover.
    (WSJ, 6/29/00, p.A24)
2000        Oct 31, In Jerusalem Yasser Arafat called for renewed resistance. At least 4 Palestinians were killed along the eastern Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 11/1/00, p.A16)
2000        Oct 31, An Italian cargo ship sank in the English Channel with 6,000 tons of chemicals that included the toxic styrene, a known carcinogen, along with isopropyl alcohol and methyl ethyl ketone.
    (SFC, 11/1/00, p.A17)
2000        Oct 31, A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 jet crashed on takeoff from Taiwan as Typhoon Xangsane approached. Flight SQ006 was bound for Los Angeles. The plane apparently hit construction equipment on a closed runway. The airlines announced a $400,000 payment to victim’s families after admitting to pilot error. 83 people were killed when the pilots took off on the wrong runway. The pilots were not prosecuted.
    (WSJ, 11/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.A16)(SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/14/02)

2000        Oct, Pres. Clinton signed into law the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act (TSRA), which for the first time allowed US companies to sell agricultural products, medical supplies, and processed foods on a cash basis directly to Cuba.
2000        Oct, Sotheby’s auction house and former chief executive Diana Brooks pleaded guilty to fixing commission prices and fees with rival Christie’s. In 2001 Sotheby’s agreed to pay a $45 million fine.
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A2)
2000        Oct, In China some 6 million census takers began the 5th national census.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct, In southern Mali the Morila gold mine opened near Sanso. By 2005 it had generated nearly $180 million in profits. Randgold Resources and Anglo-Gold Ashanti of South Africa divided an 80% stake and the Mali government owned the rest. Benefits to local people proved miniscule and after 5 years Sanso still had no electricity and no paved roads.
    (SFC, 9/22/05, p.A14)

2000        Nov 1, Steven Runciman (b.1903), English historian, died in Radway, Warwickshire, while visiting friends. His books included the three-volume “A History of the Crusades" (1951-54).
2000        Nov 1, In Chechnya rebels killed 14 Russian soldiers in a series of raids.
    (WSJ, 11/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 1, In central India Chhattisgarh state formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood.
2000        Nov 1, 3 Israelis and 6 Palestinians were killed in West Bank clashes.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 1, In Serbia Flora Brovina, an Albanian activist, was released from prison after serving 18 months for alleged terrorism.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 1, Yugoslavia was accepted into the United Nations.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 2, The Alameda County DA charged 4 Oakland, Ca., police officers, known as "The Riders," with 48 felonies that included charges of beating suspects and planting evidence. In 2003 a court acquitted the officers of misconduct charges. A retrial began in 2004. In 2005 a 2nd trial ended in a mistrial.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/1/03, p.A1)(SFC, 11/2/04, p.B5)(SFC, 5/20/05, p.B1)
2000        Nov 2, A US and British air strike in southern Iraq wounded 3 people.
    (SFC, 11/3/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 2, It was reported that 82 species of marine and estuarine fish in the waters off of Canada, Mexico and the US were in danger of extinction due to over fishing and habitat destruction.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 2, An American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts became the first residents of the international space station, christening it "Alpha" at the start of their four-month mission.
    (AP, 11/2/02)
2000        Nov 2, In Fiji some 40 soldiers of the Counter Revolutionary Warfare unit attempted to take over the main military base at Suva. 8 people were killed. Most of the renegade soldiers were soon captured.
    (SFC, 11/4/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 2, In India Irom Chanu Sharmila, a poet known as the “Iron Lady," began a fast unto death as a protest to the killing of 10 Manipuris by paramilitary troops. To end her fast she demanded the repeal of the Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA), which has allowed the army to detain, and sometimes kill, north-easterners with impunity.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.43)
2000        Nov 2, In Jerusalem a car bomb killed 2 Israelis on a day when a cease-fire, worked out between Arafat and Shimon Peres, was to be announced.
    (SFC, 11/3/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 2, In the Philippines Pres. Estrada offered to let voters decide his future in a referendum as more members of his cabinet resigned.
    (SFC, 11/3/00, p.A18)

2000        Nov 3, Four days before Election Day, Texas Gov. George W. Bush found himself being peppered with questions about the revelation that he'd been arrested for driving under the influence in 1976. Bush supporters accused Democrats of "dirty tricks," prompting a denial of involvement from Vice President Al Gore's campaign. Tom Connolly, a Portland, Maine, lawyer, said he was the source of the disclosure.
    (AP, 11/3/01)
2000        Nov 3, Five people died in central Texas over the last 2 days in car accidents due to flooding.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A7)
2000        Nov 3, UN officials brokered a deal between the rebels of Afghanistan and the Taliban to begin talks to end the civil war.
    (SFC, 11/4/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 3, In Indonesia Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy Suharto) went missing after prosecutors issued a warrant for his arrest.
    (SFC, 11/4/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 3, Swiss authorities froze about $50 million in bank accounts tied to Vladimiro Montesinos, the ex-spy chief of Peru.
    (SFC, 11/4/00, p.A13)

2001        Nov 4, President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have criminalized the leaking of government secrets.
    (AP, 11/4/01)
2000        Nov 4, In Israel the clashes eased as Pres. Barak and Yasser Arafat announced separate visits to Washington for talks with Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A11)
2000        Nov 4, In the Philippines tens of thousands rallied in Manila for Pres. Estrada to resign.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 4, In Yugoslavia the parliament approved the country's first communist-free government in more than half a century. The government under Pres. Kostunica was approved by a vote of 136-19.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A15)(AP, 11/4/01)

2000        Nov 5, Abdelkhader el-Mouaziz of Morocco won the NYC Marathon in 2:10:9. Ludmila Petrova of Russia won among the women in 2:25:45.
    (WSJ, 11/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 5, It was reported that brain stem cells from cadavers could regenerate into healthy neurons.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 5, David Brower, environmentalist and the 1st executive director of the Sierra Club, died at age 88.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 5, Jimmie Davis, Louisiana's "singing governor," died in Baton Rouge; he was believed to be 101.
    (AP, 11/5/01)
2000        Nov 5, In Congo at least 20 people were killed in Bunia, before Uganda sent in tanks and troops to protect Ernest Wamba dia Wamba in a dispute with Mbusa Nyamwisi.
    (SFC, 11/8/00, p.B4)
2000        Nov 5, Haile Selassie (1892-1975), former ruler Ethiopia (1930-1974), was buried in a cathedral crypt. His body was found in 1992 on the grounds of his former palace, where he died while under house arrest.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 5, In Iraq passenger flights resumed in the no-fly zones in a challenge to US and British imposed sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 5, Clashes in the West Bank and Gaza left 2 Palestinians killed and 17 injured.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 5, In Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, thousands of people protested the rule of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A15)
2000        Nov 5, In Nigeria at least 96 people were killed when an oil tanker truck slammed into a line of parked vehicles at a police check point between Ife and Ibadan.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)

2000        Nov 6, On Election Eve, George W. Bush and Al Gore campaigned through the final hours of their run for the White House, seeking last-minute momentum in a costly and exhausting race to become the nation's 43rd president.
    (AP, 11/6/01)
2000        Nov 6, Surgeons in Manchester, England, separated conjoined twin girls, a procedure that involved allowing one of the girls to die, while giving the survivor a chance at life.
    (AP, 11/6/01)
2000        Nov 6, Storms in Western Europe killed at least 19 people.
    (WSJ, 11/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 6, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee (b.1944), poet and playwright, became the chief minister of India’s West Bengal state.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.74)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhadeb_Bhattacharya)
2000        Nov 6 In India a mob of Sunnis attacked Shiites in the market area of Mubarakpur in Uttar Pradesh state and 13 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)
2000        Nov 6, Israel rejected a plan for international observers in its conflict with the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)
2000        Nov 6, In Serbia prisoners rioted in Sremska Mitrovica for shorter sentences and a new prison management. They were also angry over a proposed amnesty law that would free Albanian political prisoners.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)
2000        Nov 6, In Zanzibar the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi won 34 of the 50 seats in the House of Representatives. The opposition Civic United Front took the remaining 16 seats.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)

2000        Nov 7, Pres. Clinton named George Mitchell to head a fact-finding team in the Israeli-Palestinian upheaval.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)
2000        Nov 7, In US elections Al Gore conceded to George Bush and then retracted his concession based on an early prediction of the vote in Florida, which was reversed as too close to call. Hillary Clinton won the NY Senate seat. In 2001 Bill Sammon authored "At Any Cost: How Al Gore Tried to Steal the Election" and Alan M Dershowitz authored ""Supreme Injustice: How the High Court Hijacked Election 2000." Gore lost to Bush despite receiving over 500,000 more votes.
    (SFC, 11/8/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/18/01, p.A17)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.31)
2000        Nov 7, George Bush won Colorado by 8% points. Ralph Nader took over 5% of the vote.
    (Econ, 8/28/04, p.30)
2000        Nov 7, California voters approved Prop 39 for school bonds to pass with a 55% majority. Prop 36, the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act, was also approved. It called for transferring drug arrestees from the criminal justice system into treatment programs. Voters approved Prop. 1A, a pro-Indian gambling measure.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/13/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/11/04, p.B8)
2000        Nov 7, Missouri’s late Gov. Mel Carnahan won the Senate election over Rep. John Ashcroft. Carnahan’s widow Jean had already agreed to assume the seat if her husband won.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.A11)
2000        Nov 7, Wisconsin voters supported Al Gore by a margin of some 5,700 votes.
    (Econ, 7/24/04, p.30)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.39)
2000        Nov 7, William Leonard Pickard (55) was arrested on charges of conspiring to operate a massive LSD lab in Wamego, Ka.
    (SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A1)
2000        Nov 7, In Denmark Queen Mother Ingrid died at age 90. She was born Ingrid Victoria Sofie Louise Margaretha at the royal castle in Stockholm as the daughter of King Gustaf VI Adolf.
    (SFC, 11/8/00, p.B7)
2000        Nov 7, In Serbia prisoner riots expanded to Pozarevac and Nis where the rape of women inmates was reported.
    (SFC, 11/8/00, p.B4)
2000        Nov 7, In Taiwan the legislature adopted bills to clear the way for a recall vote against Pres. Chen Shui-bian.
    (SFC, 11/8/00, p.B2)
2000        Nov 7, In Venezuela the congress granted Pres. Chavez fast track powers to decree laws without parliamentary debate.
    (SFC, 11/8/00, p.B5)
2000        Nov 7, In Zimbabwe white farmers appealed to the highest court on the constitutionality of the emergency powers used by Pres. Mugabe for farm seizures.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 8, A statewide recount began in Florida, which emerged as critical in deciding the winner of the 2000 presidential election. 19,000 votes were reported disqualified in West Palm Beach. Early that day, Vice President Al Gore telephoned Texas Gov. George W. Bush to concede, but called back about an hour later to retract his concession.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/01)
2000        Nov 8, Waco special counsel John C. Danforth released his final report absolving the government of wrongdoing in the 1993 siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Texas.
    (AP, 11/8/01)
2000        Nov 8, In China 11 people were sentenced to death for their role in a giant smuggling ring, the Yuanhua Group, that moved some $6.4 billion in goods with the complicity of mayors, police and customs officers.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Nov 8, Israeli troops killed 4 Palestinian teenagers and Palestinian gunmen ambushed and killed an Israeli woman (24).
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Nov 8, Fusako Shigenobu, founder of the Japanese Red Army, was arrested in Osaka after 20 years underground.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Nov 8, Saudi Arabia opened its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600 million under exceptions to US sanctions.
    (WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 8, In Tanzania the National Electoral Commission announced that Pres. Benjamin Mkapa had won the Oct 29 multi-party elections with 71.7% of the vote. In Zanzibar Amani Karume was declared president.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C5)(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 9, George W. Bush's lead over Al Gore in all-or-nothing Florida slipped beneath 300 votes in a suspense-filled recount, as Democrats threw the presidential election to the courts, claiming "an injustice unparalleled in our history."
    (AP, 11/9/01)
2000        Nov 9, Pres. Clinton met with Yasser Arafat in Washington in an effort to end the bloodshed between Israel and Palestine.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 9, Pres. Clinton established the 293,000-acre Vermillion Cliffs in northern Arizona as a national monument. He also ordered 661,000 acres of federal land added to the 54,400-acre craters of the Moon National Monument in central Idaho. 
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A6)
2000        Nov 9, William Leonard Pickard (55) and Clyde Apperson (45) of California were indicted by a grand jury in Kansas City for running a massive LSD laboratory inside a decommissioned nuclear missile silo in Wamego, Ka. Leonard was sentenced on November 25, 2003 to two concurrent life sentences without parole. Apperson was sentenced on November 24, 2003 to 30 years of imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A1)(http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle-old/313/pickard.shtml) 
2000        Nov 9, It was reported that Cancer drug tests showed that endostatin cut blood to tumors. It was also reported that statin cholesterol drugs might cut the risk of dementia as in Alzheimer’s disease.
    (WSJ, 11/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 9, Hundreds of thousands of Germans marched to condemn a wave of right-wing violence in an "Uprising of the Upright."
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 9, In India Uttarakhand state was carved out of Himalayan and adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh, becoming the 27th state of the Republic of India.
2000        Nov 9, Israeli helicopter gunships fired missiles at a Palestinian vehicle and killed Fatah militia leader Hussein Abayat along with 2 nearby women.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 9, In Kosovo 4 Gypsies were killed in an ambush.
    (WSJ, 11/10/00, p.A1)
2000          Nov 9, Mozambique police killed 10 opposition demonstrators in Maputo. In Montepuez Renamo opposition supporters stormed a prison and freed 93 inmates. 7 police officers and 18 civilians died in election protests.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D2)(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D4)
2000        Nov 9, In Russia the government announced plans to shrink the 3 million member armed forces by 600,000.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.D6)

2000        Nov 10, The battle over Florida's disputed presidential election continued, with George W. Bush's camp pressing Al Gore to concede without pursuing multiple recounts, and Democrats pressing ahead with protests, determined to find enough votes to erase Bush's razor-thin lead in initial counting. An unofficial tally gave Bush a 327-vote lead.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/10/01)
2000        Nov 10, The US Nasdaq market fell 171 points to 3,028.99, its lowest reading since Nov 3, 1999.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.B1)
2000        Nov 10, In Burma some 125 Karen guerrillas overran a Burmese military camp near the Thai border. 30 escaped and one soldier was killed.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.C18)
2000        Nov 10, In Colombia a car bomb in Cali injured 11 civilians. The ELN was blamed.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.C18)
2000        Nov 10, In Indonesia hundreds of thousands of people began converging on Banda Aceh, capital of Aceh province, for demonstrations on independence.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 10, Israel sealed Bethlehem and Ramallah. Israeli troops killed 5 Palestinians in clashes in the West Bank and Gaza. One Israeli soldier was killed in shooting following a funeral for militia commander Hussein Abayat.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 10, In Montenegro Pres. Djukanovic called for international recognition as an independent state from Serbia. He threatened a referendum on seceding from Yugoslavia unless their union is radically revamped.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 10, In the Philippines, a landslide buried 11 children in Kabugao, Apayao province.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.C18)
2000        Nov 10, In Zimbabwe the Supreme Court ruled that the government’s land reform plan and occupations of white-owned farms were illegal.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 11, Pres. Clinton led groundbreaking ceremonies in Washington DC for the National WW II Memorial.
    (AH, 4/01, p.14)
2000        Nov 11, Republicans went to court, seeking an order to block manual recounts from continuing in Florida's razor-thin presidential election.
    (AP, 11/11/01)
2000        Nov 11, Lennox Lewis won a unanimous 12-round decision over David Tua in Las Vegas to retain his WBC and IBF heavyweight titles.
    (AP, 11/11/01)
2000        Nov 11, In Austria a fire consumed a cable car crammed with skiers and snowboarders in an Alpine tunnel at Kitzsteinhorn mountain near Kaprun. 155 people, mostly children and teenagers, were killed. In 2008 a settlement provided relatives of the people who died a share of euro13.9 million (US$21.5 million) in compensation.
    (WSJ, 11/15/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/16/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/11/05)(AP, 6/17/08)
2000        Nov 11, General elections were held in Bosnia.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A24)
2000         Nov 11, A Dagestan Airlines jet was hijacked. The Russian plane was forced to and in Israel with 58 people aboard. Pres. Barak, enroute to Washington, returned to handle the crises. The hijacker surrendered and the plane was returned to Moscow.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A22)(SFC, 11/13/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 11, Fighting in the West Bank left 8 Palestinians dead along with 1 Israeli soldier.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A19)
2000        Nov 11, In Indonesia at least 27 people were killed when police cracked down on tens of thousands of protestors in Aceh.
    (WSJ, 11/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 11, In Lebanon two 4-story apartment buildings collapsed and at least 9 people were killed and 27 injured.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A19)(SFC, 11/13/00, p.A14)

2000        Nov 12, On the eve of a federal court hearing on the Florida presidential election, advocates for George W. Bush and Al Gore previewed their legal strategies, with Democrats justifying painstaking recounts and Republicans saying the practice could result in political "mischief" and human error.
    (AP, 11/12/01)
2000        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton met with Ehud Barak in an effort to end Arab-Israeli fighting. Meanwhile one Palestinian youth was killed in Gaza.
    (SFC, 11/13/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 12, In Florida Palm Beach election officials decided to recount all county votes, some 425,000, by hand.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.1)
2000        Nov 12, Leah Rabin, an outspoken campaigner for Mideast peace following the 1995 assassination of her husband, former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, died at age 72.
    (AP, 11/12/01)
2000        Nov 12, Uganda confirmed a new case of Ebola in Masindi, the 3rd district to confirm the deadly virus.
    (SFC, 11/13/00, p.A14)

2000        Nov 13, Joe Mullen and Denis Savard were among those inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 11/13/01)
2000        Nov 13, The vote count in Florida was set to conclude though absentee ballots remained. Lawyers for George W. Bush failed to win a court order barring manual recounts of ballots in Florida. Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris announced she would end the recounting at 5 p.m. the next day - prompting an immediate appeal by lawyers for Al Gore.
    (WSJ, 11/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/13/01)
2000        Nov 13, The US government declared the wild Atlantic salmon an endangered species.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A7)
2000        Nov 13, Two US F-16 military jets collided over waters off of northern Japan. One pilot was rescued and the other was missing.
    (SFC, 11/13/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 13, In India about 1000 people demonstrated in New Delhi against the building of some 3,000 dams across the Narmada Valley and 3 Indian states.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A17)
2000        Nov 13, Palestinian gunmen attacked inside Israeli controlled areas of the West Bank and Gaza and killed 4 Israelis. Elsewhere 4 Palestinians were also killed over the day. Fatah called for the expulsion of Israelis from Gaza and the West Bank.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 13, In the Philippines the House of Representatives approved an impeachment trial to address corruption charges against Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 14, Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris certified George W. Bush's fragile 300-vote lead over Al Gore, hours after a judge refused to lift a 5 p.m. deadline; however, the judge gave Harris the authority to accept or reject follow-up manual recount totals.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/14/01)
2000        Nov 14, MP3.com agreed to pay $53.4 million in damages to Universal Music Group.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 14, Pioneering CBS Radio newsman Robert Trout died in New York at age 91.
    (AP, 11/14/01)
2000        Nov 14, In Indonesia some 50,000 rallied for independence in Aceh.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.B2)
2000        Nov 14, In Iraq a bomb killed 6 people in Irbil.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)
2000        Nov 14, Israeli troops shot dead 3 Palestinian teenagers (13-19) and a man was killed after settlers threw rocks at his car.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 14, In the Philippines some 20,000 marched in Manila for the ouster of Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 15, Al Gore made a surprise proposal for a state-wide hand recount of Florida's 6 million ballots - an idea immediately rejected by George W. Bush. Earlier, Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris had rejected requests from 4 counties to update presidential vote totals with the results of hand recounts under way at Gore's urging.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/15/01)
2000        Nov 15, The US government announced a plan to use the gnat-like phorid fly to control fire ants.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A3)
2000        Nov 15, The Gordon E. and Betty I. Moore Foundation donated $5 billion for a charitable foundation to underwrite scientific research, environmental protection and higher education projects.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 15, In Angola an Antonov 24 airplane crashed near Luanda Int’l. Airport and 39-40 people were killed. All Antonovs were ordered grounded in Sept.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A17)(WSJ, 11/16/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 15, In Egypt  election results were released. The National Democratic Party of Hosmi Mubarak won 388 of the legislature’s 444 (448) elected seats. 12 people died in the elections and irregularities were charged. 17 seats went to independents allied with the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/16/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/21/01, p.A16)
2000        Nov 15, In India the state of Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar state.
2000        Nov 15, On Palestinian Independence Day many processions turned into clashes with Israeli forces and 8 Palestinians were killed. Israeli troops entered 3 Palestinian villages and captured 15 men suspected in recent shootings.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)

2000        Nov 16, Pres. Clinton arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to develop economic and political ties. He flew in from an economic summit in Brunei where it was agreed to restart global trade talks in 2001.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, The US and Yugoslavia agreed to reopen embassies in each others capitals.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 16, The Florida State Supreme Court ruled that "there is no legal impediment to the recounts continuing." Al Gore won a legal fight to expand manual recounts as he struggled to trim George W. Bush's 300-vote lead in Florida's presidential race.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/16/01)
2000        Nov 16, Amtrak christened its new bullet train, the Acela Express, with an inaugural run from Washington DC to New York City and Boston.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A3)
2000        Nov 16, The Internet Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers adopted 7 new domains: .aero for airports, .biz for businesses, .coop for business cooperatives, .info for general use, .museum for accredited museums, .name for individuals, and .pro for professionals.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, A US Air Force F-16 collided with a small plane near Sarasota, Fla. The pilot of the Cessna was killed, the fighter pilot ejected safely.
    (WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, Hosea Williams, civil rights leader and Lt. to Martin Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta at age 74.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 16, In Colombia police and US Secret Service cracked a billion dollar counterfeiting operation. One man was arrested. The operation was believed to be master-minded by Ramiro Sepulveda.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 16, Israeli forces attacked 4 targets associated with Fatah. 2 Palestinians were killed in clashes. Israel also reported a freeze on tax transfers to the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.A21)(WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 16, In Kenya officials reported that 68 people had died over the last 2 days from home-brewed alcohol laced with high-octane fuel and mentholated spirit. The toll was raised to 113 a day later.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D2)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.C16)
2000        Nov 16, In Papua New Guinea a tidal wave followed a magnitude 8.0 earthquake and left at least one person dead and at some 5,000 people homeless.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/25/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 16, In Syria Pres. Bashar Assad announced an amnesty for some 600 political prisoners.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.A20)

2000        Nov 17, The Clinton family was warmly received in Hanoi, Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 17, The Florida Supreme Court froze the state's presidential tally, forbidding Secretary of State Katherine Harris from certifying results of the marathon vote count just as Republican George W. Bush was advancing his minuscule lead over Democrat Al Gore. Also, a federal appeals court refused to block recounts under way in two heavily Democratic counties.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/17/01)
2000        Nov 17, In Cincinnati at least 6 people were arrested following protests against meetings of corporate executives from the US and Europe for the Transatlantic Business Dialogue.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, .A3)
2000        Nov 17, In Brazil gunmen in Sao Paulo shot to death 10 people, 13 to 20, sleeping in an abandoned house. Drug gang retaliation was suspected.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.C16)
2000        Nov 17, Jurgen Graf, prominent Swiss revisionist author, arrived in Iran. He fled his homeland rather than serve a 15-month prison sentence for "Holocaust denial."
2000        Nov 17, In Jerusalem Yasser Arafat announced that he had given orders for Palestinian gunmen to halt their shooting. Barak noted the possibility for int’l. supervisors in a peace agreement.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A12)
2000        Nov 17, In Panama Luis Posada, an anti-Castro terrorist, was arrested along with 3 others Cuban-Americans for an assassination plot against Fidel Castro at a regional summit. They were convicted of endangering public security.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A19)(SFC, 5/18/05, p.A9)
2000        Nov 17, In Peru a government report acknowledged that over 4,000 people disappeared between 1980 and 1996 on suspicion of being leftist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 17, A car bomb in Riyadh killed Christopher Rodway, a British technician. In 2001 3 Westerners were arrested in connection with the bombing.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A12)(SFC, 2/5/01, p.A10)
2000        Nov 17, In Somalia gunmen killed 7 people in an attack of a convoy escorting Ahmed Dualeh Ghellel, a prominent businessman and new legislator. This was the 2nd attack in a week against a new member of parliament.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.C16)
2000        Nov 17, In South Africa 11 workers died from a fire while apparently locked in a floor polish factory in Lenasia.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.C16)

2000        Nov 18, In Florida the absentee ballot count raised Gov. Bush’s lead over Al Gore to 930 votes. George W. Bush's campaign fiercely attacked the hand-recounting of votes in Florida's presidential election, depicting a process riddled with human error and Democratic bias; Al Gore's lawyers defended the effort in papers filed with the state Supreme Court.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/18/01)
2000        Nov 18, Some 2000 women from 19 Arab countries met in Cairo to push for improved status in their male-dominated societies.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.C16)
2000        Nov 18, A Palestinian police officer sneaked into a Jewish settlement in Gaza and shot dead an Israeli soldier. He wounded 2 others before he was killed.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 18, Ivan Shchur (34), a Russian merchant seaman, was rescued from the barge Meridian, after being adrift in Arctic ice floes for over 3 weeks.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A14)

2000        Nov 19, Pres. Clinton  ended his historic 3-day visit to Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/19/01)
2000        Nov 19, US negotiators at the Hague agreed to limit the use of forest projects to reach targets for green house gases at global warming talks aimed writing the fine print for the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 19, Attorney Charles Ruff, who represented President Clinton during the Monica Lewinsky scandal and his impeachment trial, died in Washington, D.C., at age 61.
    (AP, 11/19/01)
2000        Nov 19, In Austria 4 skiers died in avalanches in the Tyrol.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A10)
2000        Nov 19, In Chechnya 7 Russian soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in some 2 dozen attacks by Chechen rebels.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A10)
2000        Nov 19, In Colombia weekend clashes with leftist rebels left at least 28 dead.
    (WSJ, 11/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 19, India announced a 1-month unilateral cease-fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A9)
2000        Nov 19, Israeli troops killed a 14-year-old stone thrower in Gaza. One other Palestinian was killed and 9 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 19, In Jordan an Israeli envoy was wounded in an apparent assassination attempt.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 19, In Tokyo Peru’s Pres. Fujimori said he would resign within 48 hours.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 20, Lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush battled before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidential election recount should be allowed to continue.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/01)
2000        Nov 20, China singed an agreement with the UN for cooperation and training on individual rights and the rule of law.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A13)
2000        Nov 20, The EU began to build its own defense force, a 60,000 man, rapid reaction corps. EU defense chiefs pledged 100,000 soldiers, 400 planes and 100 ships for a rapid-reaction force.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/21/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 20, Israel fired a barrage of missiles on the Gaza Strip in retaliation for an attack on a school bus that killed 2 Jewish settlers and wounded 9 others including 3 siblings who lost limbs. At least 35 people were reported wounded in the missile attack.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 20, In Mozambique Carlos Cardoso, founder and editor of the Metical newspaper, was murdered while driving in Maputo. He had been investigating a 1996 theft of $14 million from the Commercial Bank of Mozambique. In 2003 six men were convicted of the murder. Businessman Vicente Ramaya was later convicted of ordering the murder and sentenced to 23 years in prison. In 2013 a judge signed papers granting Ramaya's release because of good behavior.
    (AP, 1/31/03)(AP, 1/22/13)
2000        Nov 20, Peru’s Pres. Fujimori announced his resignation from Tokyo, ending a 10-year reign. Acting president Ricardo Marquez also stepped down.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A12)(AP, 11/20/01)
2000        Nov 20, Philippine senators presented Pres. Estrada a 270-page articles of impeachment for corruption and constitutional violations.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 21, Pres. Clinton agreed not to punish China for exporting missile components to Iran and Pakistan after China promised to end future technological cooperations with countries seeking to develop missile weaponry.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 21, In a setback for George W. Bush, the Florida Supreme Court granted Al Gore's request to keep the presidential recounts going; Democrats were jubilant, Republicans bitter and angry. The Florida Supreme Court issued a 42-page unanimous decision that called for the recount in 3 counties to continue and that results be posted no later than 9 a.m. Nov 27.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/21/01)
2000        Nov 21, Research published in a British medical journal showed children who use mobile phones risk suffering memory loss, sleeping disorders and headaches. The study said that those younger than 18 are more vulnerable to cell phone radiation because their immune systems are less robust.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2000        Nov 21, In Bosnia final election results were released. Hard-line nationalists won support among the Serbs and Croats. Mirko Sarovic was declared the winner of the Bosnian Serb republic over prime minister Milorad Dodik.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C5)(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 21, Egypt recalled its envoy from Israel to protest the bombings in Gaza.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 21, In Egypt at least 11 people were left dead after robbers escaped with $361,000 from the National Bank of Egypt in Maragha following a gun battle with police.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)
2000        Nov 21, An Israeli motorist was wounded and a Palestinian was killed in the Gaza Strip.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 21, In Peru the legislature refused to accept the resignation of Pres. Fujimori and ousted him for moral incapacity.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 21, In Serbia Slobodan Milosevic was declared the only candidate for head of the Socialist Party.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A19)
2000        Nov 21, In Spain Ernest Lluch (63), a former government minister, was killed by suspected ETA gunmen in a Barcelona suburb.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)

2000        Nov 22, Gov. George Bush called on the US Supreme Court to stop the vote counting in Florida. In Palm Beach Circuit Court Judge Jorge Labarga ordered election officials to consider dimpled ballots. In Dade County election officials called off the recount due to their inability to meet the Nov 27 deadline.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 22, Dick Cheney, Republican vice-presidential nominee, suffered a minor heart attack.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 22, In Washington state Democrat Maria Cantwell claimed victory for a Senate seat over Republican incumbent Slade Gorton. This raised the next US Senate’s female count to 13.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A3)
2000        Nov 22, The 1st issue of the SF Chronicle PM was published by the Hearst Corp.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W3)
2000        Nov 22, In Colombia gunmen killed at least 7 civilians in Nueva Valencia. The rightist paramilitary United Self-Defense Forces was blamed.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2000        Nov 22, In El Salvador Pres. Francisco Flores proposed to adopt the US dollar as the official currency.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 22, Theodore Monod, French environmentalist, died at age 98. He was an expert on the Sahara Desert and authored many books including: "Meharees," "The Hippopotamus and the Philosopher," "Bathyfolages," "Le Desert," and "memoirs of a Naturalist Traveler."
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D9)
2000        Nov 22, In Haiti 7 bombs exploded around Port-au-Prince. One teenage boy was killed and 14 people were injured as weekend elections approached.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2000        Nov 22, In Hadera, Israel, a car bomb killed at least 2 Israelis and wounded dozens. A Palestinian militia leader and 3 others were killed by Israeli fire in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 22, In Kashmir Islamic militants assaulted 2 Indian military positions and killed several soldiers. 3 militants were also reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2000        Nov 22, A $2.5 billion oil pipeline from Kazakhstan to the Russian port of Novorossiisk on the Black Sea was reported completed by an int’l. consortium. Pumping of 600,000 barrels per day was expected to begin in 2001.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D5)
2000        Nov 22, In Peru Valentin Paniagua was sworn in as the interim president, following the resignation of Alberto Fujimori. He selected Javier Perez de Cuellar, the former UN Sec. General, as prime minister.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A22)(AP, 11/22/01)
2000        Nov 22, In Russia power cuts in the far east Primorye region forced hospitals and schools to close. Some 40,000 residents of Vladivostok were had already been without heat for days as temperatures dropped below freezing.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D7)
2000        Nov 22, In Saudi Arabia an explosion hit a car and injured 3 British citizens in Riyadh.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 22, In Serbia ethnic Albanians were blamed for police assaults in the Presevo Valley and 4 officers were reported killed over 2 days as rebel fighters moved in from Kosovo.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 22, In Spain the government reported its 1st case of mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2000        Nov 22, In Tanzania the state power company, Tanesco, announced rationing measures with power cuts 8-16 hours per day until March. $61 million in bills were unpaid, mostly from government offices.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2000        Nov 22, In Thailand 9 inmates escaped from Samut Sakorn prison with 7 prison officials. Thai commandos killed the inmates.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 22, Yemen identified the bombers of the USS Cole as 2 Saudi Arabian citizens with Yemeni family roots. One was named Abdul Mohsen al-Taifi and both had suspected ties to Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A22)

2000        Nov 23, In Florida the Supreme Court rejected an emergency plea by Al Gore to force Miami-Dade County to resume manual counts. Meanwhile, Gore's lawyers argued in a brief filed with the U.S. Supreme Court that the high court should stay out of the Florida election controversy.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/23/01)
2000        Nov 23, In Chechnya 4 Russian soldiers were killed and 18 wounded in a series of rebel attacks.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 23, In Haiti an explosion in Carrefour killed a 7-year-old girl on her way to school and injured 2 other people.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 23, In Kosovo Xhemail Mustafa (46), pacifist advisor to Ibrahim Rugova, was shot dead by 2 gunmen in Pristina.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 23, The Israeli army ordered Palestinian police to leave liaison offices after 2 soldiers were killed in the Gaza Strip. A Hamas member was killed in a car explosion in Nablus. A Palestinian court later sentenced to death a man convicted of helping Israeli security agents assassinate the Hamas bomber.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/24/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 23, In Mozambique some 75-83 inmates at the prison in Montepuez, arrested for the Nov 9 protests, were reported dead from either poisoning or suffocation.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D4)
2000        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka rebel mortar shells killed 2 children at the Al-Manar school in Mutur.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 24, The U.S. Supreme Court stepped into the bitter, overtime struggle for the White House, agreeing to consider George W. Bush's appeal whether the extended Florida ballot counting violates federal law.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/24/01)
2000        Nov 24, In Cambodia several dozen gunmen attacked government offices in Phnom Penh. At least 7 people were killed and 12 wounded. Police fought a US-based anti-communist group known as the Cambodian Freedom Fighters (CFF). 8 were killed and 60 rounded up. 38 people, including 4 American citizens, were later charged with terrorism. In 2002 a court sentenced 20 people to prison terms of 5 years to life for the plotting to overthrow the government.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/27/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/30/00, p.C3)(SFC, 3/1/02, p.A17)
2000        Nov 24, Germany and the Portuguese Azores Islands recorded new cases of mad cow disease. Main land Portugal has reported 467 cases since 1990.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 24, In the Philippines Salvador "Bubby" Dacer, a publicist who represented top political figures, was kidnapped and later killed along with his driver. Police boss Sen. Panfilo Lacson was later linked to the killing. In 2009 Cesar Mancao, a former senior Philippine police official accused of the double homicide, was extradited from the US after agreeing to testify in the case.
    (AP, 6/4/09)(http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/3133909)
2000        Nov 24, In Serbia police gave NATO a 72-hour deadline to stop incursions from Kosovo by ethnic Albanian militants.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A15)
2000        Nov 24, From Russia Vladimir Putin arranged for Yasser Arafat and Ehud Barak to agree by telephone to reopen 10 joint security offices in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 24, It was reported that monsoon flooding killed 10 people in Malaysia and at least 5 people in Thailand. The death toll from flooding in Thailand reached over 30, mostly children. Over 100 people died from the flooding and mudslides in West Sumatra.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 11/27/00, p.A1)(SFC, 11/29/00, p.C20)

2000        Nov 25, Hundreds of military veterans and retirees, angered by the rejection of overseas absentee ballots in Florida, held a noisy demonstration in Pensacola, one of several rallies Republicans and Democrats staged across Florida.
    (AP, 11/25/01)
2000        Nov 25, In Azerbaijan an earthquake hit Baku and at least 3 people were killed. 20 people died of heart attacks.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D6)(WSJ, 11/27/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 25, In Bangladesh 52 people were killed in a fire at the Chowdhury Knitwear Garments factory at Shibpur.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D9)(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.D1)
2000        Nov 25, Israeli soldiers killed 4 Palestinians and wounded over 30 in a series of clashes that undermined field level cooperation. 2 students and 2 bakers were killed by Israeli soldiers, who claimed Jamal Abdel Razek was a leader of the Tanzim militia traveling with 3 bodyguards.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)(SFC, 12/6/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 25, In the Netherlands the last day of the Global Warming conference at the Hague produced only a declaration of intent to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A compromise between US and EU negotiators failed. An increase of 4.5 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit was predicted in the coming 100 years if greenhouse gas emissions were not reduced.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.C1)(SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 25, In Peru Walter Ledesma, the new defense minister, announced the immediate dismissal of 12 generals.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D9)
2000        Nov 25, In the Philippines military troops retook Camp Bushra in Lanao del Sur province and reported 10 rebels killed. The rebels reported 22 military casualties.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)

2000        Nov 26, Sec. of State Katherine Harris certified Gov. George W. Bush as winner in the state’s presidential election, 2,912,790 to 2,912,253, a 537-vote margin. Ralph Nader received 97,488 votes.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/01)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.32)
2000        Nov 26, In Haiti major opposition parties boycotted the presidential elections and charged that legislative actions favored the candidates of Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Aristide won 92% of the votes.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)(SFC, 11/30/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 26, Israel attacked targets in southern Lebanon after a roadside bomb killed one Israeli soldier and wounded 2 others near the border. 4 armed Palestinians were killed as they left Qalqilya into an area on Israeli control.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 26, In Romania presidential elections were held. A Dec 10 runoff was expected between Social Democrat Ion Iliescu and ultranationalist Corneliu Vadim Tudor. Annual inflation stood at 45%.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)(SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)

2000        Nov 27, Al Gore filed legal challenges to the Florida vote certification.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 27, The Muslim holiday of Ramadan began.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A2)
2000        Nov 27, In London, England, Damilola Taylor (10), a Nigerian immigrant, bled to death on a stairwell after being stabbed by members of The Young Peckham Boys. In 2001 murder charges were sought against 4 boys (14-16). In 2006 two brothers were acquitted of assault with intent to rob. On Aug 9, 2006, Danny Preddie (18) and Ricky Preddie (19) from Peckham, south London, were convicted of the manslaughter of Taylor. The 2 teenage brothers were sentenced to eight years in youth custody.
    (AP, 4/4/06)(Reuters, 8/9/06)(AFP, 10/9/06)
2000        Nov 27, In Canada Prime Minister Jean Chretien (66) led the Liberal Party to a 3rd consecutive majority government in parliamentary elections with 41% of the popular vote and increased their seats in parliament to 173 of 301. The 63% turnout was a record low.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A16)(SFC, 11/29/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 27, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger rebels called for unconditional peace talks along with a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/28/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 28, George W. Bush's lawyers asked the U.S. Supreme Court to bring "legal finality" to the presidential election by ending any further ballot recounts; Al Gore's team countered that the nation's highest court should not interfere in Florida's recount dispute.
    (AP, 11/28/01)
2000        Nov 28, Former Texas Congressman Henry B. Gonzalez, who had served 37 years on Capitol Hill, died in San Antonio at age 84.
    (AP, 11/28/01)
2000        Nov 28, A 55-nation European security meeting failed to make a tough declaration on Chechnya amid Russian objections.
    (WSJ, 11/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 28, Chile’s Pres. Ricardo Lagos met with technology leaders in California’s Silicon Valley.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 28, In Guatemala angry Q’eqchi’ Indians burned to death 5 men, aged 16-18, suspected in the fatal shooting of a local man during a robbery in Las Conchas.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.D2)
2000        Nov 28, In Israel Prime Minister Barak agreed to call for early elections.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 28, In Kashmir Muslim separatists attacked Indian forces and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 28, In the Netherlands lawmakers of the lower house voted 104 to 40 to legalize euthanasia with strict guidelines.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A17)
2000        Nov 28, In the Philippines at least 8 people were killed when government forces clashed with a group that abducted Marilyn Tiu, the wife of a businessman in Zamboanga del Sur province.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)

2000        Nov 29, Al Gore asked the Florida Supreme court for a spedup recount. Gore said in a series of TV interviews that he was prepared to contest the Florida presidential vote until "the middle of December." A judge ordered all ballots from Miami-Dade and Palm Beach counties sent to Tallahassee. Florida legislators planned a special session to name electors for George W. Bush.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/29/01)
2000        Nov 29, In Albania police made a brief arrest of President Sali Berisha the day after a riot in Tropoja where 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)
2000        Nov 29, In Colombia gunmen killed the mayor-elect of a town in the Putumayo region.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)

2000        Nov 30, Gov. Bush proceeded with transition plans as Al Gore asked a Florida judge to begin an immediate review of 13,000 ballots from Palm Beach and Dade counties. GOP lawmakers in Tallahassee moved to award the presidency to George W. Bush in case the courts did not by appointing their own slate of electors.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/01)
2000        Nov 30, The Dow Jones fell to 10,414 and the Nasdaq fell 109 points to 2,597.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 30, The space shuttle Endeavour took off to the Int’l. Space Station with a crew of 5 to install new solar panels.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 30, In Brazil a 5,000 page report, begun in Apr 1999, was released and covered the $25 billion drug trafficking trade and implicated almost 200 public authorities including 10 national and state legislators.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.F2)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.A21)
2000        Nov 30, In Britain the Labor government passed legislation that lowered the age of consent for gays and lesbians from 18 to 16.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A21)
2000        Nov 30, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid ordered military action against secessionist provinces.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 30, North and South Korea made their 2nd exchange of 100 relatives each. Some 100,000 South Koreans were on waiting lists for family visits.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 30, In Nigeria dozens were incinerated while scooping gasoline from a pipeline.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 30, Palestinians rejected a scaled-back peace plan proposed by Ehud Barak.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 30, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mbeki of South Africa and Pres. Obasanjo of Nigeria admonished Pres. Mugabe to abide by laws and to curtail the seizure of white-owned farms.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov, Liu Dalin, a pioneering Shanghai sexologist, authored "Sexual culture of 20th Century China." He argued for an open-minded approach to sex.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B7)
2000        Nov, Dan Colussy, an American businessman, took control of the Iridium global communications system for $25 million.
    (Econ, 7/2/16, p.73)
2000        Nov, Estonia planned a rail transport system with Asia to replace declining Russian oil products shipped from Tallinn.
    (WSJ, 11/13/00, p.B19B)
2000        Nov, Metin Kaplan was sentenced in Germany for operating a terrorist organization. His group had planned to bomb Ataturk’s mausoleum in Ankara with an airplane packed with explosives on Turkey’s 75th  anniversary. Kaplan, known as the “caliph of Cologne," was extradited to Turkey in 2004.
    (SFC, 2/5/02, p.A9)(Econ, 9/1/07, p.53)
2000        Nov, Dieter Zetsche, head of DaimlerChrysler’s commercial vehicle division, was tapped to be CEO of Chrysler.
    (WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/2s2dhu)
2000        Nov, Honda introduced its 4-foot bipedal Asimo robot.
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A8)
2000        Nov, A Malaysian politician was assassinated. The militant group Jemaah Islamiyah was believed to be involved.
    (WSJ, 8/13/02, p.A14)
2000        Nov, Syria opened a pipeline to Iraq’s oil that generated at least $2 per day for Saddam Hussein’s regime.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A11)

2000        Dec 1, Pres. Clinton on World AIDS Day urged Congress to provide more money for the prevention and treatment of AIDS. In the US 40,000 people were being infected each year and 420,000 had died since 1981. Worldwide almost 60 million people were infected and 16,000 more were being infected every day.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A6)
2000        Dec 1, The US Supreme Court heard arguments by attorneys of Al Gore and George W. Bush on the legality of a vote extension by the Florida Supreme Court. The Florida Supreme Court turned down 2 Democratic pleas for an immediate count of disputed ballots and for a new election in Palm Beach County where a "butterfly ballot" drew protests from Democratic voters.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/01)
2000        Dec 1, In Chile an Appeals Court judge ordered the house arrest of Gen. Pinochet for kidnappings following the 1973 coup.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 1, In China a shopping mall collapsed and scores of people were killed in Dongguan.
    (WSJ, 12/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 1, The European Commission demanded reductions in fishing including 60% cuts of cod and hake catches due to overfishing.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Dec 1, In France Michel Roussin, former right-hand man of Pres. Jacques Chirac when he was mayor of Paris, was arrested for a kickback scheme in school construction projects.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 1, In Indonesia police killed 6 separatists in Irian Jaya province after they tried to raise their outlawed rebel flag, the "Morning Star."
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A14)
2000        Dec 1, Iraq halted oil production due to the UN’s refusal to authorize a new payment arrangement for the oil-for-food program. Production was resumed after  2 days.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 1, Israelis killed 2 Palestinians and injured over 20 in clashes in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Dec 1, In Mexico Pres. Vicente Fox was sworn in as president of Mexico, ending 71 years of ruling-party domination.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/01)
2000        Dec 1, Russia as of this date declared that it would no longer abide by a 1995 deal to halt arms exports to Iran. The US threatened sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D8)
2000        Dec 1, In South Africa the government agreed to accept a $50 million donation of the drug fluconazole from Pfizer to treat a brain inflammation associated with AIDS. Recent approval was also given for nevirapine, a drug to reduce transmission of the AIDS virus to a fetus.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 2, In India 2 trains collided at Sarai Banjara in the Punjab and at least 46 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E2)
2000        Dec 2, In Chiapas Subcommander Marcos announced that he would begin talks with the government in Mexico City in Feb.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 3, In Florida Circuit Judge Sanders Sauls finished listening to testimony on Al Gore’s request for a hand count of 13,000 ballots in 2 counties.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 3, The cable TV Showtime station aired the premier of "Queer as Folk," a drama about homosexuals based on a British series.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.C1)
2000        Dec 3, Sandra Baldwin was elected the first female president of the U.S. Olympic Committee. Baldwin resigned in May 2002 after she admitted lying about her academic credentials.
    (AP, 12/3/05)
2000        Dec 3, Space shuttle Endeavour's astronauts attached the world's largest, most powerful set of solar panels to the international space station.
    (AP, 12/3/01)
2000        Dec 3, Gwendolyn Brooks, African-American poet, died at age 83. Brooks won a 1949 Pulitzer Prize for her 2nd book of poetry, "Annie Allen." She was the poet laureate of Illinois since 1968.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E3)
2000        Dec 3, In Chechnya rebels struck numerous check points and at least 13 Russian soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 3, In Venezuela a referendum was scheduled on suspending the leaders of the nation’s labor unions for 180 days pending new labor elections. Voters in a 20% turnout approved the referendum to oust the leaders of the labor unions. This paved the way for a government-dominated workers’ federation.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A17)(SFC, 12/5/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 4, Pres. Clinton set aside 84 million underwater acres along the northwestern stretch of the Hawaiian Islands as a nature reservation.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 4, In Florida Judge Sauls denied Al Gore’s request for a recount. The US Supreme Court set aside the decision by the Florida Supreme Court to extend the vote counting deadline and sent the case back to the Florida court. A Florida state judge refused to overturn George W. Bush's certified victory in Florida.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/4/01)
2000        Dec 4, PepsiCo agreed to pay $13.4 billion to acquire Quaker Oats.
    (AP, 12/4/01)
2000        Dec 4, Scientists reported that the Novartis leukemia drug STI-571 brought cancer into remission in most patients in clinical trials.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A13)
20000        Dec 4, Scientists found a deep-sea garden of hot springs and towering spires that they called the "Lost City" over 3,200 feet deep in the Atlantic Ocean.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A2)
2000        Dec 4, In southern Congo over 10,000 refugees were driven into northern Zambia due to renewed fighting over the last 12 days.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 4, It was reported that a mutated oral polio vaccine infected at least 3 people in the Dominican Republic and Haiti. That standard vaccine appeared to work against the mutated strain.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E2)(WSJ, 4/16/02, p.A1)
2000        Dec 4, European Union farm ministers approved a six-month ban on animal products in fodder, part of an extraordinary plan to stem growing panic over mad cow disease.
    (AP, 12/4/01)
2000        Dec 4, In India the military was attacked twice by suspected Islamic guerrillas and at least 5 people were killed. In Kashmir a bus carrying police officers fell into a gorge at Baithi Chashma in the Donda district and at least 27 officers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 4, Israeli soldiers wounded 25 people in the West Bank village of Husan.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A14)
2000        Dec 4, In the Ivory Coast protestors clashed with riot police in Abidjan. The city was paralyzed and least 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 4, Pakistan said it won’t insist to being party to Indian peace talks with Kashmiri separatists but that it must be a party to the final settlement.
    (WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 4, The Turkey stock market fell 8% and marked a 2-week drop of 40% as interest rates soared to 1,200%. Officials began talks with the IMF for a $5 billion loan.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)

2000        Dec 5, The US Nasdaq market rose 274 points, 10.5%, to 2889 on hints from Greenspan that interest rates may be cut. The Dow rose 338 to 10,898.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 5, Florida's highest court kept the presidential race on the legal fast track, agreeing to a speedy hearing of Al Gore's appeal of a ruling that in effect awarded George W. Bush the state's 25 electoral votes.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/5/01)
2000        Dec 5, The Israeli and Palestinian violence was reported to have cost the Palestinians over $500 million in lost wages and sales since late September.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 5, In the Ivory Coast police battled opposition supporters for a 2nd day and at least 10 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A18)
2000        Dec 5, In Japan Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori appointed a new Cabinet that included 2 former prime ministers, Miyazawa and Hashimoto.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 5, In Mexico Adolfo Aguilar Zinser, the new chief of the national security council, vowed to end illegal wiretapping.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.C3)
2000        Dec 5, In Mexico City Manuel Andres Lopez Obrador took office as mayor and vowed to delegate power and resources down to the 1,352 neighborhood governments. Obrador appointed women to 9 of his 15 cabinet seats.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.C3)
2000        Dec 5, In South Africa 7 people were killed at 2 polling stations during the 2nd all-race municipal elections. The elections slashed the number of municipalities from 843 to 284 with 6 mega cities, each presided by a single mayor. The ruling African National Congress (ANC) won at least 59% of the contests.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A18)(WSJ, 12/7/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 6, Pres. Clinton gave the US Presidential Medal of Freedom to Alexander Aris, the son of Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, on behalf of his mother who was held under house arrest.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.C10)
2000        Dec 6, Florida Republican leaders announced the Legislature would convene in special session to appoint its own slate of electors in the state's contested presidential race; Democrats denounced the action as unnecessary.
    (AP, 12/6/01)
2000        Dec 6, A Pentagon investigation concluded in a 168-page report that 3 top Army Corps of Engineers officials manipulated a study to justify a construction binge on the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 6, Iridium Satellite won a 1-year, $36 million Pentagon contract for unlimited use.
    (WSJ, 12/7/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 6, Actor Werner Klemperer died in New York at age 80.
    (AP, 12/6/01)
2000        Dec 6, A European Union summit began in Nice to prepare for expansion to 27 or more members.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.C5)
2000        Dec 6, The IMF agreed to grant Turkey $7.5 billion in emergency loans.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.C12)
2000        Dec 6, In Colombia a FARC attack in Granada left at least 29 dead.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)
2000        Dec 6, The Israeli Betselem human-rights group condemned the Israeli army for excessive force in combating the Palestinian intifada.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 6, A Russian court found Edmond Pope (54) guilty of espionage. Pope was sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment by a Moscow court for espionage; however, he was pardoned by Russian President Vladimir Putin and released eight days after his sentencing.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/01)
2000        Dec 6, In Ukraine the last working reactor at Chernobyl was shut down due to a malfunction 9 days before a scheduled permanent shut down.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.C10)
2000        Dec 6, The World Bank approved a $12 million grant to help Palestinians.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 7, Al Gore's lawyer, David Boies, pleaded with the Florida Supreme Court to order vote recounts and revive his presidential campaign. Republican attorneys called George W. Bush the certified, rightful victor.
    (WSJ, 12/6/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/7/01)
2000        Dec 7, In Texas Claude Howard Jones was executed for the Nov 14, 1989, slaying of Allen Hilzendager in Point Blank. Jones was the 40th execution this year and the 239th since 1982. Jones was executed based on a single hair as evidence from the liquor store killing. DNA analysis later found the strand of hair did not belong to Jones.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.D4)(SFC, 11/12/10, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/33p23qm)
2000        Dec 7, Some 4,000 protestors clashed with police at the opening of the EU summit in Nice.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 7, In Ghana presidential elections were held. Representatives for the 200-seat parliament were also chosen. Opposition candidate John Agyekum Kuffuor led Vice Pres. John Atta Mills 48-44% in the 1st round of elections. A runoff vote was planned within 3 weeks.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.C18)(SFC, 12/11/00, p.F8)(WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 7, In India indigenous rebels massacred 30 Hindi-speaking people in Assam state.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.T10)
2000        Dec 7, In Indonesia a separatist mob attacked a police station in Jayapura, Irian Jaya, and 2 officers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.D9)
2000        Dec 7, In the Philippines the Senate began the impeachment trial of Pres. Estrada.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 8, The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) lifted California’s $250 per megawatt-hour price cap and prices skyrocketed. Enron Corp. issued internal memorandums that its schemes to boost profits had nearly caused the lights to go out in California.
    (SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A18)(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A1)
2000        Dec 8, The Florida Supreme Court ordered, four to three, an immediate hand count of about 45,000 disputed ballots and put Democrat Al Gore within 154 votes of George W. Bush.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/8/01)
2000        Dec 8, Richard Clarke, top cyberspace official of the US National Security Council, warned that several nations had already created information-warfare units for disrupting computer networks.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 8, In Jerusalem and the West Bank 7 Palestinians and 3 Israelis were killed in the ongoing violence.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 8, In Russia the pardons commission recommended to Pres. Putin that clemency be granted to Edmond Pope.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A17)
2000        Dec 8, In Garaffa, Sudan, Abbas al-Baqer Abbas opened fire at the al-Sunna al-Mohammediya Mosque and killed 20 people. 40 others were wounded and police killed Abbas, a member of the Takfir wal Hijra militant Islamic group.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A28)
2000        Dec 8, In Uganda the victims with Ebola reached 400 including 160 dead.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)

2000        Dec 9, Florida State quarterback Chris Weinke won the Heisman Trophy.
    (AP, 12/9/01)
2000        Dec 9, The US Supreme ruled 5-4 to stop the recount in Florida until arguments are heard Dec 11.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/01)
2000        Dec 9, In Algeria 5 soldiers and an assailant were killed in an ambush near Tissemsilt. Another 3 local guards were killed in Boghar and the attacks continued the next day.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 9, In Chechnya 2 rebel car bombs killed at least 19 people in Alkhan-Yurt.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C5)
2000        Dec 9, In Israel Prime Minister Barak announced that he would submit his resignation and call for new elections.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/01)
2000        Dec 9, In Nigeria 62 people were killed when a bus collided with a truck a 3rd vehicle hit the 1st two and burst into flames.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.B4)
2000        Dec 9, In Pakistan former prime minister Nawaz Sharif was released from prison and sent into exile in Saudi Arabia. He agreed to stay out of politics and forfeited property valued at $8.3 million.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A28)(WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 9, It was reported that Tropical Storm Rumbia had killed at least 29 people in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.D8)
2000        Dec 9, Pres. Putin said he would follow the recommendation of the pardons commission and free Edmond Pope. It was later reported that Pope’s efforts to buy technology ran parallel to Canadian efforts to buy advanced Shkval torpedoes from a defense plan in Kyrgyzstan.
    (SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A27)(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A10)

2000        Dec 10, Jack S. Kilby (1923-2005) received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the microchip (1958). Zhores Alferov of Russia and Herbert Kroemer of UC Santa Barbara shared the prize for their work on heterostructure semiconductors.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A2)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)
2000        Dec 10, Kim Dae Jung, president of South Korea, received the Nobel Peace Prize for his campaign to unify his country.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A2)
2000        Dec 10, In Washington, lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush filed briefs outlining their cases to be argued the next day before the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/10/01)
2000        Dec 10, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak submitted his resignation, starting the countdown toward a special election. Former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced his intent to unseat Ehud Barak.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/10/01)
2000        Dec 10, Ivory coast proceeded with parliamentary elections against the wishes of both France and the US.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A13)
2000        Dec 10, In the Philippines Pres. Estrada announced that he would order the commutation of all death sentences to life imprisonment.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.F8)
2000        Dec 10, Fishermen dragged the corpse of Dariusz Janiszewski, stripped to a shirt and underwear, from the muddy banks of the Oder River in southwestern Poland. His body showed signs of starvation and torture. In 2007 a court ruled that author Krystian Bala planned and directed the grisly killing, but said there was insufficient evidence to convict him of carrying out the murder himself. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Bala's 2003 novel, "Amok," an alcohol- and sex-fueled tale was narrated by a man named Chris, who stabs a woman after binding her hands behind her back and then running the rope to a noose around her neck.
    (AP, 9/5/07)
2000        Dec 10, In Romania Ion Iliescu, former Communist turned social democrat, won the presidential runoff elections over nationalist Corneliu Vadim Tudor 70-30%.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 10, Slovenia re-established diplomatic ties with Yugoslavia.
    (WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 11, Shortstop Alex Rodriguez agreed to a $252 million deal with the Texas Rangers, by far the most lucrative contract with any sports team.
    (AP, 12/11/01)
2000        Dec 11, Pres. Clinton signed the bipartisan $7.8 billion Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. CERP included 68 projects planned over 30 years and was the largest environmental restoration effort in history. In 2015 the cost of restoration was placed at about $16 billion.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.32)(SFC, 12/4/19, p.A7)
2000        Dec 11, The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments from lawyers representing George W. Bush and Al Gore concerning the Florida presidential vote recount.
    (AP, 12/11/01)
2000        Dec 11, A federal appeals court declared the Cleveland school voucher program unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 11, The space shuttle Endeavour landed in Florida following its mission to install solar panels on the int’l. space station.
    (WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 11, A US Marine Osprey aircraft crashed in North Carolina and all 4 people aboard were killed. The fleet was grounded the next day.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 11, The EU in Nice reached a compromise in the early hours on a treaty that gave the 4 most populous countries a stronger voice in decision making and paved the way for as many as 13 new members over the next decade.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A12)(Econ, 3/17/07, SR p.9)
2000        Dec 11, The UN indicted 11 people in East Timor for last year’s terrorism following independence.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 11, In Iraq Saddam Hussein sent troops into the northern Kurdish zone. Kurds and other non-Arab Iraqis were being displaced further north.
    (WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.B6)
2000        Dec 11, Syria freed some 50 Lebanese political prisoners to placate an anti-Syria movement in Lebanon.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 11, In Trinidad Prime Minister Basdeo Panday, head of the United National Congress, announced victory for 19 parliamentary seats vs. 16 for the black-dominated People’s National Movement.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.B3)

2000        Dec 12, Pres. Clinton spoke at the northern Irish border town of Dundalk and urged the protection of the 1998 Good Friday peace agreement.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 12, A divided U.S. Supreme Court reversed a state court decision for recounts in Florida's contested election, effectively transforming George W. Bush into the president-elect. The high court agreed, 7-to-2, to reverse the Florida court's order of a state recount and voted 5-to-4 that there was no acceptable procedure by which a timely new recount could take place. A later review of the ballots suggested that George W. bush would have won anyway.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/12/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/12/01)
2000        Dec 12, The Marine Corps grounded all eight of its high-tech V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft following a fiery crash in North Carolina that killed four Marines.
    (AP, 12/12/01)
2000        Dec 12, General Motors, under new CEO Rick Wagoner, announced a restructure and planned phase out of the Oldsmobile vehicle division following a long slide in  sales.
    (WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A3)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.a3)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
2000        Dec 12, Actor George Montgomery (84) died in Rancho Mirage, Calif.
    (AP, 12/12/01)
2000        Dec 12, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a peace pact in Algiers. A 4,200 UN peacekeeping force was set to patrol the border. PM Zenawi and Pres. Afwerki signed the accord, which established a commission to mark the 620-mile border, exchange prisoners, returned displaced people and hear claims for war damages.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E2)(WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.B3)
2000        Dec 12, It was reported that Islamic militants in Indonesia had damaged hundreds of night spots, mostly around greater Jakarta. The Islamic Defender’s Front (FPI) and Front Hizbullah claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.A18)
2000        Dec 12, Israeli soldiers killed Yousef Abu Swayeh (27), a West Bank Palestinian leader.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.B4)
2000        Dec 12, Spanish police arrested Valdimir Gusinsky, a Russian media magnate, on a Russian warrant for misrepresenting assets for loans.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.B4)

2000        Dec 13, Pres. Clinton spoke in Northern Ireland and urged compromise to push forward the peace process. Disputes over police reform, British military installations and IRA weapons stayed unresolved. Clinton ended his last presidential visit to Northern Ireland after meeting for nearly three hours with members of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.C4)(AP, 12/13/01)
2000        Dec 13, Pres. Clinton declared Wyoming a disaster area following a month of storms.
    (WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 13, Republican George W. Bush claimed the presidency five weeks after Election Day and a day after the U.S. Supreme Court shut down further recounts of disputed ballots in Florida. Democrat Al Gore conceded, delivering a call for national unity.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/13/01)
2000        Dec 13, A federal judge upheld the Univ. of Michigan’s affirmative action program citing diversity as a critical component of higher education.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.A5)
2000        Dec 13, The US energy secretary exercised emergency authority and ordered 12 generating companies to sell power to California.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 13, Seven inmates made a daring escape from the maximum security the Connally Unit state prison in Kenedy, Texas. Police in Colorado caught 4 escaped convicts on Jan 22, 2001. A 5th committed suicide. The 2 at large were caught Jan 23. The surviving six were sentenced to death for killing a Dallas-area police officer during a robbery.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.A11)(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A3)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A2)(AP, 12/13/05)
2000        Dec 13, It was reported that scientists had decoded the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana, a common spindly weed, making it the 1st plant to have its genetic material fully described.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.A11)
2000        Dec 13, In Ecuador an oil pipeline bombing killed 8 bus passengers near the Colombian border.
    (WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 13, Fighting in Gaza left 4 Palestinian policemen dead. A Fatah activist was killed in the West Bank.
    (WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 13, Russia’s Pres. Putin traveled to Cuba for business and rest. There was a $20 billion debt owed by Cuba to the former Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.C8)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D2)
2000        Dec 13, Russia’s prosecutor’s office announced the close of a corruption investigation of former Pres. Yeltsin, his daughters, and a top Kremlin official with no charges.
    (SFC, 12/14/00, p.C8)
2000        Dec 13, A Sri Lankan national murdered his girlfriend, Kavitha Kandiahr (23), in Basel, Switzerland. He was arrested on Aug 26, 2014, in New Zealand under a Swiss warrant and granted interim name suppression by a New Zealand court pending an appearance next week.
    (AP, 8/26/14)
2000        Dec 13, In Zimbabwe a white farmer was killed amid the land-expropriation drive.
    (WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 14, Pres. Clinton spoke in England and urged the US and other rich countries to end farm subsidies, spend money on fighting disease in the 3rd World and to cut emissions to thwart global warming.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.D8)
2000        Dec 14, President-elect George W. Bush conferred by phone with congressional leaders of both parties and planned a goodwill tour of Washington, D.C.; he also received a flood of congratulatory calls from world leaders on his first full day as president-elect.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
2000        Dec 14, U.S. businessman Edward Pope was pardoned and released by Russia after being convicted of espionage.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
2000        Dec 14, The Federal Trade Commission unanimously approved the $111 billion merger of America Online and Time Warner.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
2000        Dec 14, In Wichita, Kansas, brothers Reginald and Jonathan Carr abducted 5 people from a home, subjected them to sexual acts, and executed them. 4 of the 5 died: Aaron Sander (29), Heather Muller (25), Brad Heyka (27), and Jason Befort (26).
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A4)
2000        Dec 14, Vladimir Putin, the first Russian president to visit Cuba since the collapse of the Soviet Union, held talks with Fidel Castro in Havana.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2000        Dec 14, In the southern Philippines Muslim extremists killed 3 passengers on a motorcycle taxi.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D11)
2000        Dec 14, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe claimed that his government has no control over the economy and blamed the "white man" as the real enemy during an address to a Congress of the ruling Zanu-PF Party.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.D10)

2000        Dec 15, The Clinton administration issued a 120-page report that called global organized crime a "full-fledged national security crises." Interpol estimated human smuggling across int’l. borders by transnational crime syndicates at 4 million per year with earnings up to $7 billion. Other estimates were much higher.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.A14)
2000        Dec 15, The US 106th Congress closed with a final $450 billion budget package that included increases in education spending, expanded Medicare payments, and modest tax breaks for investments in poor communities.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 15, US Congressional compromise included federal protection for the Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area, 1.2 million acres in northwest Nevada.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.C2)
2000        Dec 15, The US Army planned to hold closing ceremonies for the School of the Americas in Fort Benning, Ga. The school planned to reopen in January as the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.B8)
2000        Dec 15, Federal regulators ordered an overhaul of California's electricity market in a push to control skyrocketing prices and curtail supply shortages.
    (AP, 12/15/01)
2000        Dec 15, First Lady and Senator-elect Hillary Rodham Clinton agreed to an $8 million book deal with publisher Simon and Schuster for her White House memoirs.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A3)(AP, 12/15/01)
2000        Dec 15, Derwin Brown (46), the sheriff-elect of DeKalb County, Georgia,  was gunned down in what police called an assassination. Brown had promised to clean up the sheriff’s dept. and fire 38 employees. Former Sheriff Sidney Dorsey and 2 other men were charged for the murder on Nov 30, 2001. 2 other men involved in the slaying were given immunity for testifying. A 19-count indictment against Dorsey was handed down Feb 22, 2002. Melvin Walker and David Ramsey were acquitted Mar 25, 2002. Dorsey was convicted Jul 10. Dorsey was sentenced to life in prison on Aug 15, 2002. In 2005 a federal jury found Melvin Walker and David Ramsey guilty of conspiracy.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A2)(SFC, 3/19/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A5)(SFC, 3/26/02, p.A5)(SFC, 7/11/02, p.A3)(SFC, 8/16/02, p.A7)(SFC, 8/4/05, p.A3)
2000        Dec 15, Mazen Al-Najjar, a Palestinian immigrant who had taught at the Univ. of South Florida, was released following 3½ years in jail on secret evidence. He still faced deportation and was suspected of having ties with the Syrian-based Palestinian Islamic Jihad.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A8)
2000        Dec 15, In Colombia 2 people were killed in Bogota when right-wing paramilitary gunmen attacked and wounded Wilson Borja, president of the Federation of State Workers. Borja had been organizing peace talks between the government and leftist rebels.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 15, Under Estonian law the cryptographic signature became legally equivalent to a manual signature.
2000        Dec 15, In Israel Ehud Barak made a bid to restart peace talks as 6 more Palestinians were shot dead by Israeli troops.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 15, Pres. Mbeki of South Africa spoke at a MERCOSUR meeting in Brazil and planned to begin negotiations to join the trading block.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 15, In Turkey an earthquake killed 6 people including 5 men praying at the mosque of Yasarlar village.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.11)
2000        Dec 15, In Ukraine the last working nuclear plant at Chernobyl was shut down. It had recently undergone $300 million in safety improvements. The destroyed reactor, which contained up to 66 tons of melted nuclear fuel and 37 tons of radioactive dust, was still leaking radiation. A new sarcophagus was expected to cost $758 million.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.D2)(SFC, 12/16/00, p.A22)

2000        Dec 16, Pres.-elect Bush chose retired Gen. Colin Powell (63) to become the 65th Sec. of State, the 1st African American to hold that post.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 16, In Alabama tornadoes hit the state and 10 people were killed at a Tuscaloosa trailer park. 12 people were killed and 50 injured.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 16, Federal prisoner Theodore Kaczynski (58), aka the Unabomber, donated his writings to a special collection at the Univ. of Michigan, where he received his doctorate in 1977. Kaczynski had graduated from Harvard in 1962.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/12, p.A7)
2000        Dec 16, It was reported that the source of the Amazon had been located at the Carhuasanta Creek on the 18,363-foot peak of Nevado Mismi in southern Peru.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A22)
2000        Dec 16, In Algeria armed gunmen shot to death 15 students and a security guard at the Lycee Technique of Medea boarding school.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.E6)
2000        Dec 16, In Chechnya a series of rebel attacks killed 16 Russian soldiers. A Chechen family of 4 was shot to death in Alkhan-Kala by unidentified assailants.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D11)(SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)
2000        Dec 16, In China Brilliance China Automotive Holding introduced its new Zhonghua car. It boasted an Italian design, Japanese engine, and German electronics and suspension.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 16, In Russia a poll for "Man of the Century" put Lenin in 1st place followed by Stalin, Andrei Sakharov, Yuri Gagarin and Mikhail Gorbachev.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.C4)
2000        Dec 16, In Sri Lanka government troops stage an offensive against rebels in the northern Jaffna Peninsula. 12 soldiers were killed along with 26 rebels.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D9)

2000        Dec 17, President-elect Bush was named Time magazine's Person of the Year.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2000        Dec 17, Pres.-elect Bush named Condoleeza Rice (46) of Stanford to be his national security advisor and Texas Supreme Court Justice Alberto Gonzales as White House counsel.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/17/01)
2000        Dec 17, In Chechnya a rebel attack killed 3 Russian soldiers. A shootout with rebels in Grozny left 2 police officers and 2 rebels dead.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)(SFC, 12/18/00, p.E6)
2000        Dec 17, In Colombia gunmen killed 11 people in the village of Chipaque. Leftist rebels were suspected.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 17, Cuba and Russia agreed to abandon the nuclear power plant at Juragua. Pres. Putin pushed Castro to recognize a small portion of the Soviet-era debt, estimated at $20 billion.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.E6)
2000        Dec 17, Israeli and Palestinian officials agreed to hold talks in Washington prior to the departure of Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.E2)
2000        Dec 17, In Mexico thousands were ordered to evacuate the area around the Popocatepetl volcano due to the formation of a lava dome.
    (WSJ, 12/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 17, In northern Italy at least 10 climbers and skiers were killed after ice formed overnight in the Alps.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.E2)

2000        Dec 18, US electors voted for their party’s candidates. In the 224 years of the Electoral College only 9 electors had switched votes. The DC elector withheld her vote to protest lack of representation. Bush won 271 votes, one over the constitutional minimum, and became the official president-elect.
    (WSJ, 11/15/00, p.A18)(SFC, 12/22/00, p.D2)
2000        Dec 18, Antitrust regulators approved the merger of British drug companies Glaxo Wellcome PLC and SmithKline Beecham PLC.
    (AP, 12/18/01)
2000        Dec 18, Randolph Apperson Hearst, billionaire newspaper heir and the last surviving son of William Randolph Hearst, died at age 85 in New York.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/01)
2000        Dec 18, The Argentine government announced a $39.7 billion financial rescue package led by the IMF.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A9)
2000        Dec 18, In Canada Pres. Putin of Russia met with Prime Minister Chretien and together supported existing nuclear arms accords. Chretien did not join Putin’s opposition to a US missile defense plan.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)
2000        Dec 18, In Mexico Popocatepetl volcano began spraying hot rock and ashes in its biggest eruption in 1200 years.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A22)

2000        Dec 19, President-elect Bush met with President Clinton in Washington.
    (AP, 12/19/01)
2000        Dec 19, US stocks fell sharply as the Federal Reserve left the interest rate unchanged at 6.5%. Nasdaq fell 112 to 2,511.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.B1)
2000        Dec 19, Death claimed jazz bassist Milt Hinton at age 90.
    (AP, 12/19/01)
2000        Dec 19, Death claimed gospel singer Roebuck “Pops" Staples at age 85.
    (AP, 12/19/01)
2000        Dec 19, Death claimed former New York City Mayor John V. Lindsay at age 79.
    (AP, 12/19/01)
2000        Dec 19, Death claimed Rob Buck (42), lead guitarist for the rock band 10,000 Maniacs.
    (AP, 12/19/01)
2000        Dec 19, The U.N. Security Council voted to impose broad sanctions on Afghanistan Taliban rulers unless they closed "terrorist" training camps and surrender U.S. embassy bombing suspect Osama bin Laden.
    (AP, 12/19/01)
2000        Dec 19, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid traveled to Aceh province. He ordered troops to stop targeting civilians and apologized for failing to stop military abuses.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.C4)
2000        Dec 19, In Israel Benjamin Netanyahu dropped from the election race after the Knesset voted not to disband itself.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 19, In Mexico over 30,000 people were evacuated from the area of the Popocatepetl volcano as the volcano resumed activity.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 19, It was reported that 60 Russians had died of hypothermia in Moscow since the weather turned cold on Oct 10.
    (WSJ, 12/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 19, In Moscow Deputy Mayor Iosif Ordshonikidze was shot and gravely wounded by masked gunmen near City Hall. He was overseeing construction of the multi-billion-dollar "Citi" business district.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.C5)
2000        Dec 19, In Sri Lanka government soldiers detained 8 Tamil civilians. Their bodies were later found in a mass grave.
    (WSJ, 12/27/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 19, It was reported that swiftlet colonies in Thailand were threatened due to the excessive harvesting of their edible nests for Chinese restaurants.
    (SFC, 12/19/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 19, In Turkey at least 17 people were killed when security forces stormed 20 prisons to end a 2-month hunger strike.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.A20)

2000        Dec 20, Pres.-elect Bush appointed Paul O’Neill (65) as head of the Treasury Dept., Ann Veneman (51) as Sec. of Agriculture, Mel Martinez (54) as Sec. of Housing and Urban Development, and Don Evans (54) as Sec of Commerce. Andrew Card (53) was appointed his Chief of Staff and Karen Hughes (43) as Communications Director.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A23)
2000        Dec 20, US stock fell sharply. Nasdaq dropped 178 to 2,332, while the Dow dropped 265 to 10,318.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 20, It was reported that four-fifths of the salmon spawning in the last free-flowing reach of the Columbia River had reverted to female sex for unknown reasons. Water temperature and environmental pollutants were suspect.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.C3)
2000        Dec 20, A new EPA regulation required oil refineries to remove 97% of the sulfur from diesel fuel by 2006.
    (WSJ, 12/21/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 20, John V. Lindsay, former NYC mayor (1966-1973), died at age 79.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A31)
2000        Dec 20, In Afghanistan the Taliban ordered UN offices closed and pledged to boycott peace talks. New sanctions were imposed in response to the Taliban’s refusal to surrender Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 20, In Chechnya 5 students and an instructor from the university in Grozny were killed in a battle with Russian soldiers. One soldier was killed and 4 injured.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.C6)
2000        Dec 20, In Guatemala the Congress approved the use of the US dollar for everyday business.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.C6)
2000        Dec 20, India and Pakistan took steps to reduce tensions in Kashmir. India extended its cease-fire and Pakistan announced a partial troop withdrawal.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 20, In Indonesia 9 people were killed in a rash of shootings in Aceh province.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.C6)
2000        Dec 20, In Sri Lanka eight Tamil were killed in the Mirusuvil massacre. The dead included three teenagers and five-year-old Vilvarajah Prasath. In 2015  army Staff Sergeant Sunil Ratnayake was found guilty for the murder of the eight civilians.
2000        Dec 20, In Turkey the fight to gain control of the prisons entered a 2nd day. The DHKP-C, a splinter group of Dev-Sol, led the hunger strike.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 20, A UN panel linked Liberian Pres. Charles Taylor to illegal diamond smuggling and arms trafficking with the rebels in Sierra Leone.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.C6)

2000        Dec 21, President-elect George W. Bush resigned as governor of Texas; Lt. Gov. Rick Perry (Republican) was sworn in to replace him.
    (AP, 12/21/01)(SFC, 12/22/00, p.A11)
2000        Dec 21, Final US election results showed Al Gore with 50,996,116 votes vs. Gov. Bush with 50,456,169. Gore led by over 500,000 votes but lost to bush by one electoral college vote.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A11)
2000        Dec 21, Christine Todd Whitman, governor of New Jersey, agreed to serve as director of the EPA for Pres.-elect Bush.
    (WSJ, 12/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 21, Ted Turner offered to make up the $35 million difference between dues the US owes to the UN and the amount Congress is wiling to pay.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 21, A UN report accused Jonas Savimbi and UNITA rebels in Angola of trading diamonds for arms.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 21, Indonesia announced plans for talks with local leaders in Aceh, Irian Jaya and Maluku provinces.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A21)
2000        Dec 21, In Israel the legislature blocked an attempt by Shimon Peres to run for prime minister. The Feb 6 election pits Ariel Sharon against Ehud Barak.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 21, Israeli officials acknowledged a "liquidation" policy for hunting down and killing Palestinian militants.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 21, In Russia the lower house gave preliminary backing for plans by the Ministry of Atomic Affairs to take in spent nuclear fuel from European and Asian countries for hard currency.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A20)
2000        Dec 21, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels announced a unilateral month-long cease-fire with hopes of resuming peace talks. Sri Lanka launched a new offensive just hours following the rebel cease-fire.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A22)(WSJ, 12/22/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 22, Pres. Clinton granted Christmastime clemency to 62 people including Dan Rostenkowski, former Illinois congressman and chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/22/05)
2000        Dec 22, Pres.-elect Bush named Sen. John Ashcroft of Missouri to become US Attorney General, and Gov. Christie Todd Whitman of New Jersey as head of the EPA.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 22, Madonna and film director Guy Ritchie wed in Scotland.
    (AP, 12/22/01)
2000        Dec 22, The US, Japan, Europe and other industrial powers agreed to provide debt relief to 22 poor nations: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Bolivia, Guyana, Honduras and Nicaragua.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A14)
2000        Dec 22, UN members agreed to reduce US dues following the Ted turner proposal to pick up a $34 million tab.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 22, In Germany 3 American teenagers were convicted of murder for the Feb 27 deaths of 2 people, killed from rocks thrown from a freeway overpass.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 22, In India separatists attacked the Red Fort in New Delhi and 3 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 22, Israel announced that it is prepared to surrender sovereignty over the Temple Mount in Jerusalem as part of a peace agreement.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 22, In Mexico the army closed a base in Chiapas and continued to pull troops from the region.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A14)
2000        Dec 22, In South Korea some 15,000 bank workers went on strike to protest merger plans that threatened mass layoffs.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C5)
2000        Dec 22, Three armed robbers stormed into Stockholm's National Museum and made off with a Rembrandt self-portrait and two masterpieces by Renoir. 10 people were later sentenced to prison for their roles in the theft; all three paintings have been recovered.
    (AP, 12/22/05)
2000        Dec 22, In Turkey government prison raids ended after 430 inmates surrendered at Umraniye. The 4-day siege left 28 people dead including 16 burned alive. Government forces had not been able to enter the leftist controlled wards of Bayrampasa prison in Istanbul for a decade.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.B4)

2000        Dec 23, Negotiators from Israel and Palestine left Washington without an agreement on critical issues.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 23, Actor Billy Barty died in Glendale, Calif., at age 76.
    (AP, 12/23/01)
2000        Dec 23, Victor Borge, musical humorist, died at age 91. His 1953 "Comedy in Music" ran for 849 performances at the Golden Theater on Broadway.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.B5)
2000        Dec 23, The UN voted to reduce US dues and to reallocate costs among the 189 members.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 23, In Colombia rebels freed 42 police officers and soldiers.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.B4)
2000        Dec 23, In Niger William Bultemeier, a US Defense Department official, was killed. Staff Sergeant Christopher McNeely, who had run to Bultemeier's aid, survived the shooting but suffered lasting injuries. Alhassane Ould Mohamed and a co-conspirator fled in a US Embassy vehicle after searching Bultemeier and McNeely's pockets. The car was later found in Timbuktu, in neighboring Mali. On Sep 13, 2013, US prosecutors unsealed an indictment against Alhassane Ould Mohamed (42), a Malian man, for the killing and who remained at large.
    (AP, 9/19/13)
2000        Dec 23, In Serbia elections the 18-party Kostunica coalition won 64.5% of the vote and over two-thirds of the seats of the 250-seat parliament. Zoran Djindjic (48) was projected to become prime minister.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.A12)(SFC, 12/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Dec 24, A group of 7 escaped convicts robbed a sporting goods store in Irving, Texas; police officer Aubrey Hawkins was killed during the robbery. George Rivas, a recent escapee from Connally State prison, killed the officer during a holdup at a sporting goods store. Rivas was convicted for the murder in 2001 and was executed on Aug 14, 2008. Prisoner Joseph Garcia was executed on Dec. 4, 2018.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A4)(SFC, 8/30/01, p.A6)(AP, 12/24/05)(AP, 8/15/08)(SFC, 12/5/18, p.A4)
2000        Dec 24, Susan Berman (55), a Las Vegas mobster’s daughter, was found slain  in her home in Benedict Canyon, California. She had authored "Easy Street" in 1981. Berman (b.1945), American journalist and author, was a friend of New York real estate heir Robert Durst. On March 14, 2015, Durst was arrested in New Orleans and charged with first-degree murder in connection with Berman's death. In late 2019 Durst acknowledged that he had written a note directing police to Berman's home.
    (SFC, 1/5/01, p.A1,14)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susan_Berman)(SFC, 1/1/20, p.A6)
2000        Dec 24, Nick Massi (73), an original member of the Four Seasons, died.
    (AP, 12/24/01)
2000        Dec 24, From Bahrain it was reported that the emir, Sheikh Hamad, would allow a vote on a new national charter that would make the country a constitutional monarchy.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 24, In Indonesia at least 19 people were killed when bombs exploded outside 24 churches in Jakarta and 5 other cities and towns. In Aug 2001 Edi Sugiarto was sentenced to 11 years in jail for planting the bombs that killed at least 19 people.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)(SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A16)
2000        Dec 24, In Sri Lanka government forces raided a rebel camp in Navatkuli and killed 18, including 14 girl soldiers.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 24, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez appointed Adina Bastidas as vice president following the recent appointment of Isaias Rodriquez as attorney general.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.B4)

2000        Dec 25, Pres. Clinton laid down a new set of proposals for peace between Israelis and Palestinians. The proposals included a Palestinian concession for some 3.7 million refugees to give up the right of return and for Israelis to cede sovereignty over the Temple Mount.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/27/00, p.A14)
2000        Dec 25, In central China as many as 309 young people were killed at an unlicensed disco fire in Louyang city.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C6)(AP, 12/25/01)
2000        Dec 25, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana announced a draft for an agreement with the ELN to pull government troops from areas in Bolivar state.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C2)
2000        Dec 25,  In Kashmir a car bomb went off in Indian controlled Srinagar and 8 people were killed with 23 injured. The Pakistan-based rebel groups Jamaat-ul Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)(WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 25, In Pakistan bombs exploded in 4 cities. 36 people were injured in Lahore.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)
2000        Dec 25, In Russian regional governor elections Roman Abramovitch (34), head of the Sibneft oil company, won in Chukotka and Vladimir Shamanov won in Ulyanovsk. Chukotka is the Russian region across from Alaska.
    (WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/13/01, p.A1)

2000        Dec 26, Pres. Clinton signed a ban on cutting shark fins and discarding the fish back to the sea.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A6)
2000        Dec 26, Donna Shalala, US Sec. of Health and Human Services, blocked a GOP sponsored drug reimportation plan intended to reduce drug prices.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 26, Michael McDermott, a software tester at Edgewater Tech. In Wakefield, Mass., shot and killed 7 co-workers. He wielded a semiautomatic rifle and a shotgun. He was beset by both financial and personal problems. McDermott, convicted in 2002, was sent to prison for life.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/26/01)(SFC, 4/25/02, p.A7)
2000        Dec 26, Jason Robards (78), stage and film actor and winner of 2 Oscars and 1 Tony Award, died in Bridgeport, Conn.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/26/01)
2000        Dec 26, The Muslim holiday of Ramadan ended.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 26, In Montenegro 3 military commanders were dismissed by the Yugoslav top defense body as a concession to Pres. Djukanovic.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 26, In Nepal rioting began and 4 people were killed following a rumor that Hrithnik Roshan, an Indian film star, allegedly spoke of his hate for Nepal and its people. Roshan denied making such comments.
    (SFC, 12/28/00, p.C2)
2000        Dec 26, In Serbia power shortages due to the summer drought caused cuts across the country.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A16)
2000        Dec 26, In Thailand an anti-corruption body ruled that Thaksin Shinawatra, the leading candidate for prime minister, engaged in financial wrongdoings that disqualified him from holding office.
    (SFC, 12/27/00, p.A15)

2000        Dec 27, Pres. Clinton appointed Roger Gregory as the 1st African American judge to the US Court of appeals in Richmond, Va.
    (SFC, 12/28/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 27, Software engineer Michael McDermott pleaded innocent to 7 counts of murder in the shooting deaths of seven co-workers the day before at an Internet consulting company in Wakefield, Mass. McDermott was later convicted and sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2000        Dec 28, Pres.-elect Bush picked Donald Rumsfeld (68) as Sec. of Defense. Rumsfeld had served in the same position under Pres. Ford.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 28, The US FCC approved 255 applications nationwide for low-watt FM radio stations.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A5)
2000        Dec 28, US 2000 census results set the population at 281,421,906, a gain of 13.2% since 1990. In 2003 the Bureau said it over-counted by some 1.3 million.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/13/03, p.A1)
2000        Dec 28, GE Capital Corp. announced the closure of Montgomery Ward & Co. following 128 years of retail operations.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 28, In the US recent bad weather was blamed for 41 deaths: including 22 in Texas and 11 in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A6)
2000        Dec 28, In Argentina government officials announced plans to spend $20 billion on public works programs.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B5)
2000        Dec 28, In Burundi Hutu rebels ambushed a commuter bus outside Bujumbura and killed 20 passengers.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A10)
2000        Dec 28, In Ghana runoff elections were held with sporadic violence. John Agyekum Kuffour won with 56.7% of the vote.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B3)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B9)
2000        Dec 28, Iran and Russia announced an expanded military and security partnership.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A18)
2000        Dec 28, In Israel bombs exploded in Tel Aviv and Gaza shortly after a peace summit was cancelled. 2 Israeli soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 28, In Mexico the Congress voted to register millions of 2nd hand vehicles imported illegally in past years.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B3)
2000        Dec 28, In Sri Lanka a cyclone hit and killed 8 people.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B5)

2000        Dec 29, Pres.-elect Bush filled four more Cabinet slots, tapping Wisconsin Gov. Tommy Thompson as head of the Dept. of Health and Human Services.  Thompson was soon criticized for his ties to tobacco interests. Colorado Attorney General Gale A. Norton was nominated as interior secretary, Houston schools chief Rod Paige as secretary of education and Anthony J. Principi to return as secretary to the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/11/01, p.A15)(AP, 12/29/01)
2000        Dec 29, A ferry collided with another ferry ship and sank on the Meghna River in southeastern Bangladesh. At least 178 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A10)(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A12)
2000        Dec 29, In Colombia gunmen killed Rep. Diego Turbay, a peace envoy, along with 6 other people. A FARC unit was blamed.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A8)
2000        Dec 29, In Mexico congress approved a $140 million budget.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A10)
2000        Dec 29, In Gaza a Palestinian police officer was killed in a shootout as Israeli soldiers bulldozed a grove of trees.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A8)
2000        Dec 29, In Sudan Gen. Omar el-Bashir was declared the winner in elections marred by an opposition boycott. Civil war prevented voting in 3 of the 26 provinces.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A10)

2000        Dec 30, A record snow fall covered the US northern East Coast.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 30, Hollywood screenwriter Julius J. Epstein, who co-wrote the script for "Casablanca," died in Los Angeles at age 91.
    (AP, 12/30/01)
2000        Dec 30, In the Philippines 5 bomb blasts hit Manila and at least 22 people were killed. Muslim rebels were blamed. One of bombs was on a train and killed at least 13. Police arrested 17 men on Jan 4. 7 Muslim guerrillas were indicted including Salamat Hashim, chairman of the Moro Liberation Front. The Jemaah Islamiyah, an militant group linked to al Qaeda, was involved in the train bombing. In 2009 three men, including one of the Philippines' top terror suspects, were sentenced to life in prison for one of the bombings that killed 11 people. The attacks revealed close coordination among militants across the region.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/5/01, p.D3)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 8/13/02, p.A14)(AP, 1/23/09)
2000        Dec 30, Russia’s Pres. Putin endorsed the new national anthem with words by poet Sergei Mikhalkov (1913-2009) and the original Soviet music. Mikhalkov adjusted the text again, replacing references to Lenin and the Soviets with a paean to Russia's "divinely protected" forests and meadows that span from "southern seas to the polar lands."
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B5)(AP, 8/27/09)

2000        Dec 31, The US signed a treaty for the creation of the 1st permanent int’l. court despite objections by conservatives and the Pentagon.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A1)
2000        Dec 31, Former Sen. Alan Cranston died in Los Altos, Calif., at age 86.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/31/01)
2000        Dec 31, Flamenco dancer Jose Greco died in Lancaster, Pa., at age 82.
    (AP, 12/31/01)
2000        Dec 31, In London the Millennium dome opened for its last day.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A8)
2000        Dec 31, In the West Bank Binyamin Kahane, son of Jewish extremist Meir Kahane, and his wife Talia were killed in an ambush by Palestinian gunmen. Israeli military soon after killed Thabet Thabet, a Fatah leader.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A13)
2000        Dec 31, In Malaysia 15 parachutists planned to leap from the Petronas Towers just before midnight and land in the new year.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B2)
2000        Dec 31, In Mexico Pres. Fox ordered a 2nd military base closed in Chiapas. Separately the outgoing Tabasco state Congress named Enrique Priego as acting governor.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 31, In Pakistan staggered elections for municipal and district councils began. A third of the seats were reserved for women, another third for the poor.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)
2000        Dec 31, Six Persian Gulf nations (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) signed a regional defense pact.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A10)
2000        Dec 31, In St. Lucia machete wielding men stormed the Castries Cathedral, hacked at worshipers and set them ablaze. One nun was killed and 12 people injured. Two suspects identified themselves as Rastafarian foes of corruption in the Catholic Church.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A12)

2000        Dec, Harper's magazine ran an article by Jim McManus, a "rank amateur," who had made a successful run in the 2000 World Series of Poker. In 2003 the article was expanded into the book "Positively Fifth Street: Murderers, Cheetahs and Binion's World Series of Poker.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.M1)
2000        Dec, Raed Hijazi (33), a California-born alleged operative of Osama bin Laden, was extradited from Syria to Jordan for planning bomb attacks on Christian, Jewish and US targets as part of a foiled millennium plot.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A7)
2000     Dec, Emile Louis (d.2013 at 79), a retired French bus driver and convicted sex offender, was arrested for kidnapping several mentally impaired women who disappeared from Auxierre in the late 1970s. He was convicted in 2004 for killing the 7 mentally impaired young women.
    (SFC, 12/20/00, p.A18)(AFP, 10/21/13)
2000        Dec, The Holy Land Greek Orthodox Patriarch, Diodorus I, died.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A17)
2000        Dec, India’s National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) made controversial findings in the Gulf of Cambay, also known as the Gulf of Khambhat. The structures and artifacts discovered by NIOT claimed the existence of submerged city-like structures dating to 7500 BC.

2000        Charles Saatchi paid $1.6 million for the Damien Hirst sculpture: "Hymn," a 20-foot-tall anatomical model of a man.
    (WSJ, 4/7/00, p.W9)
2000        Rembrandt’s “Portrait of a Lady" (1632) was sold in London to Dutch art dealer Robert Noortman (1946-2007) for $28.6 million.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.A6)

2000        Stephen Ambrose authored "Nothing Like It in the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad (1863-1869)."
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.F1)
2000        Fariborz Amini (1931-2004), Iranian-born psychiatrist at UCSF, authored “A General Theory of Love."
    (SFC, 6/22/04, p.B7)
2000        Cornelia Bailey (1945-2017) with Christena Bledsoe authored “God, Dr. Buzzard, and the Bolito Man: A Saltwater Geechee Talks about Life on Sapelo Island, Georgia."
    (http://tinyurl.com/y8wkemb4)(SFC, 10/20/17, p.D4)
2000        Peter Baker authored "The Breach: Inside the Impeachment and Trial of William Jefferson Clinton."
    (SFC, 9/13/00, p.A2)
2000        Jacques Barzun published "From Dawn to Decadence: 500 years of Western Cultural Life."
    (WSJ, 5/18/00, p.A24)
2000        Kaushik Basu (b.1952), an Indian economist at Cornell Univ., authored “Prelude to Political Economy." In Dec. 2009 he became the chief economic advisor to India’s finance ministry.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaushik_Basu)
2000        Peter L. Bernstein authored "The Power of Gold," a history of gold.
    (WSJ, 11/9/00, p.A24)
2000        Bonnie Blackburn and Leofranc Holford-Stevens compiled "The Oxford Companion to the Year."
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, Par p.7)
2000        William Blum, a Washington DC historian, authored “Rogue State: A Guide to the World’s Only Superpower." Sales of the book took off in 2006 when it was quoted by Osama bin Laden.
    (SSFC, 1/22/06, p.A1)
2000        Alan Brinkley and Davis Dyer edited "The Readers Companion to the American Presidency."
    (WSJ, 2/29/00, p.A20)
2000        David Brooks authored "Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There." The bobo term stood for "bourgeois bohemians."
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.3)
2000        Ian Buruma authored "The Missionary and the Libertine: Love and War in the East and West."
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, BR p.4)
2000        Barry Chamish authored “The Last Days of Israel."
2000        Kang Chol-Hwan authored “The Aquariums of Pyongyang," one of the first published accounts of the North Korean gulags.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.D1)
2000        Rosemary Clooney (71) with Joan Barthel authored a new 2nd autobiography with attached CD titled "Girl Singer."
    (WSJ, 1/10/00, p.A24)
2000        Faith D’Aluisio authored "Robo Sapiens," a field guide on robotics. It was the 1st book to recognize that the roboticist is to the current era what the psychoanalyst was to the early 20th century.
    (SFEC, 9/17/00, BR p.8)
2000        Han Deqiang authored “Collision: The Globalization of Trap and China’s Real Choice."
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.47)(www.spectrezine.org/global/wtochina.htm)
2000        Stephen van Dulken authored "Inventing the 20th Century," a rundown of the major inventions of the last 100 years.
    (WSJ, 12/6/00, p.A20)
2000        John Entine authored "Taboo: Why black Athletes Dominate Sports and Why We’re Afraid to Talk About it."
    (WSJ, 9/20/00, p.A24)
2000        John L. Esposito edited "The Oxford History of Islam."
    (WSJ, 8/14/00, p.A16)
2000        Joe Eszterhas authored "American Rhapsody," a work that covered the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal. The last chapter featured a soliloquy by Willard, the name for Pres. Clinton’s "privates."
    (WSJ, 7/18/00, p.A20)
2000        Stanely Fish authored "The Trouble With Principle," in which he supports the French ideas of "post-structuralism" and denies the possibility that people can rise beyond the cultural forces that determine their character.
    (WSJ, 2/1/00, p.A24)
2000        Linda and Roger Flavell published "The Chronology of Words and Phrases: A Thousand years in the History of English."
    (SFEC, 9/24/00, Par p.9)
2000        Robert William Fogel authored "The Fourth Great Awakening and the Future of Egalitarianism."
    (WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A24)
2000        William L. Fox authored "The Void, The Grid & The Sign: Traversing the Great Basin." It was about the 189,000-square-mile region of the US where all waters drain inward.
    (SFEC, 7/16/00, BR p.8)
2000        Samuel G. Freedman authored "Jew vs. Jew," an attempt to illuminate some of the controversy over the question: "who is a Jew."
    (WSJ, 8/8/00, p.A20)
2000        Carlos Fuentes authored his novel "The Years with Laura Diaz," a chronicle of the 20th century through the eyes of a Mexican woman.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, BR p.3)
2000        Andrea Gabor authored "The Capitalist Philosopher."
    (WSJ, 4/19/00, p.A28)
2000        Cherian George authored “The Air-Condition Nation: Essays on the Politics of Comfort and Control, 1900-2000, Singapore.
    (www.cheriangeorge.net/publications.html)(Econ., 3/28/15, p.30)
2000        Malcolm Gladwell authored "The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference."
    (SFEC, 3/5/00, BR p.2)
2000        UC Berkeley drama scholar Mel Gordon (1947-2018) authored "Voluptuous Panic: The Erotic World of Weimar Berlin."
    (http://tinyurl.com/y8k3usjn)(SFC, 4/4/18, p.D4)
2000        Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Huntington edited "Culture Matters."
    (WSJ, 5/4/00, p.A24)
2000        Gary Hart, former US Senator, authored "I, Che Guevara" his 2nd Cuba-based novel under the pen name of John Blackthorn. It followed his previous work "Sins of the Father."
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.B7)
2000        Yoram Hazony authored "The Jewish State."
    (WSJ, 6/1/00, p.A20)
2000        Thomas Hibbs authored "Shows About Nothing" He proposes that "American popular culture undermines democracy by fostering a soft, comfortable nihilism."
    (WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A14)
2000        James Davison Hunter authored "The Death of Character," an overview of moral culture in America.
    (WSJ, 9/25/00, p.A34)
2000        Jane Jacobs authored "The Nature of Economies," a series of didactic dialogues by a circle of environmentally minded friends.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.4)
2000        A.E. Jeffcoat authored "Spirited Americans," a history that celebrates the American spirit.
    (WSJ, 1/17/00, p.A16)
2000        Chalmers Johnson (1931-2010) authored “Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire." This was the first of his empire trilogy.
    (SFC, 11/24/10, p.C5)
2000        Mark Juergensmeyer authored "Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence."
    (SFC, 9/20/01, p.A9)
2000        Donald Kagan and Frederick W. Kagan authored "While America Sleeps," a diplomatic history of the 20th century following WW II.
    (WSJ, 9/27/00, p.A24)
2000        Robert D. Kaplan authored "Eastward to Tartary: Travels in the Balkans, the Middle East, and the Caucasus," a warning of the next potential flashpoint due to the oil-rich Caspian area.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, BR p.5)
2000        Gilles Kepel authored “Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam."
    (WSJ, 9/16/04, p.D12)
2000        JT Leroy authored his 1st book “Sarah. The narrator, a 12-year-old boy, has renamed himself Sarah after his whorish mother because he has learned from her example that "Most anything you want in this world is easier when you're a pretty girl." In 2005 it was revealed that the author was a fake identity created by SF residents Laura Albert, her husband Geoffrey Knoop and Geoffrey’s sister Savannah. In 2006 Knoop acknowledged that Laura Albert wrote “Sarah,“ and followed up in 2001 with “The heart Is Deceitful Above All Things."
    (http://tinyurl.com/cqvnn)(SFC, 1/10/06, p.A8)(SFC, 2/7/06, p.A3)
2000        Arthur Laurents (82), writer and director, published his memoir "Original Story By."
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/6/00, p.A20)
2000        Catherine Lavender and Lillian Schlissel edited "The Western Women's Reader: The Remarkable Writings of Women Who Shaped the American West, Spanning 300 Years."
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.1)
2000        Christopher Locke, Rick Levine, Doc Searl and David Weinberger authored “The Cluetrain Manifesto," a study of Internet marketing.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.76)(www.gurteen.com/gurteen/gurteen.nsf/id/X0001EA1A/)
2000        William Mandel (b.1917) authored "Saying No to Power: Autobiography of a 20th Century Activist and Thinker."
    (SFEC, 9/24/00, BR p.4)
2000        Alan McFarlane authored "The Riddle of the Modern World." It was an analysis on the development of liberty, wealth and equality.
    (WSJ, 11/1/00, p.A24)
2000        Mario Vargos Llosa of Peru authored his historical novel “The Feast of the Goat." It explored the cruel regime of General Trujillo in the Dominican Rep.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.44)
2000        Justin Martin, authored the biography "Greenspan: The Man Behind the Money." It was about Alan Greenspan (74), the chairman of the US Federal Reserve.
    (SFC, 9/19/00, p.19)
2000        Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza of Colombia, Carlos Alberto Montaner of Cuba and Alvaro Vargas Llosa of Peru authored their "Guide to the Perfect Latin American Idiot."
    (WSJ, 3/1/00, p.A24)
2000        Prof. Carol Meyers edited "Women in Scripture."
    (WSJ, 4/7/00, p.W17)
2000        Stephen Moore and Julian Simon authored “It’s Getting Better All the Time: 100 Greatest Trends of the Last 100 years."
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.37)
2000        Catherine Mulholland (1923-2011), the granddaughter of William Mulholland, authored “William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles."
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.C7)
2000        George Carl Mynchenberg authored “And Man Created God."
2000        Paul Ormerod authored "Butterfly Economics," which looked at the economics of ants and focused on the importance of herd behavior.
    (WSJ, 1/10/00, p.A24)
2000        Ilana Pardes authored “The Biography of Ancient Israel."
    (WSJ, 8/19/06, p.P8)
2000        Sidney Poitier authored his memoir: “The Measure of a Man: a spiritual autobiography."
    (SFC, 1/29/07, p.E2)
2000        Hugh and Nicole Pope authored “Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey."
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.85)
2000        Roy Porter authored "The Creation of the Modern World" with a focus on the English Enlightenment.
    (WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A24)
2000        Jim Powell authored "The Triumph of Liberty," a story of liberty through the lives of remarkable people.
    (WSJ, 7/111/00, p.A24)
2000        Robert Putnam (b.1941), Malkin Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government, authored “Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community," lamenting the decline of social capital in America. It was based on a 1995 article '"Bowling Alone: America's Declining Social Capital."
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.73)
2000        Matt Ridley authored "Genome" a look at what scientists were finding as they read the 70-120,000 genes of the human genome.
    (WSJ, 2/9/00, p.A24)
2000        Fred Rosenbaum authored “Visions of Reform: Congregation Emmanue-El and the Jews of San Francisco 1849-1999.
    (SFC, 9/2/17, p.D1)
2000        Joseph Rykwert authored "The Seduction of Place," a look at the city of the future.
    (WSJ, 10/11/00, p.A24)
2000        Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. authored "A Life in the 20th Century," a memoir that covered 1917-1950.
    (WSJ, 11/16/00, p.A24)
2000        John Seabrook authored "Nobrow: The Culture of Marketing, The Marketing of Culture."
    (WSJ, 2/15/00, p.A24)
2000        Yale Prof. Robert Shiller authored “Irrational Exuberance."
2000        Larry Siedentop authored “Democracy in Europe."
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9npwd5s)(Econ, 8/19/17, p.12)
2000        Dai Sijie, Chinese-born filmmaker, authored "Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress." It was 1st published in France.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.R3)
2000        Albert Sonnenfield translated the French book: "Food A Culinary History."
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, Par p.21)
2000        Hernando de Soto, Peruvian economist, authored “The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else," in which he argued that because the poor lacked title to their assets, they could not take advantage of them and were stuck with “dead capital."
    (http://tinyurl.com/3xxehl)(www.cato.org/special/friedman/desoto/index.html)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.62)
2000        David Swenson, Yale’s chief investment officer, authored “Pioneering Portfolio Management: An Unconventional Approach to Institutional Investment."
    (Econ, 12/13/08, p.88)
2000        Prof. Theodore Steinberg authored “Acts of God: The Unnatural History of Natural Disasters in America."
    (WSJ, 9/2/05, p.B1)
2000        Philip Stott, Prof. at London Univ., authored "Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power."
    (WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A18)
2000        Susan Strasser authored "Waste and Want: A Social History of Trash."
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.B3)
2000        John Sutton authored "Marshall’s Tendencies: What Can Economist Know." Sutton traces the development of economics as a science and asks economics to review their work over the last 60 years.
    (WSJ, 12/7/00, p.A24)
2000        Colm Toibin edited "The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction." It covered authors over the last 300 years.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.3)
2000        Gore Vidal authored "The Golden Age," the final installment of his –7-novel history of the US.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.5)
2000        Vol. 1 of the 4-volume "The Jewish Political Tradition" was edited by Michael Walzer, Menachem Lorberbaum, Noam J. Zohar and Yair Lorberbaum.
    (WSJ, 6/29/00, p.A24)
2000        Alexander Waugh authored "Time" Its Origin, Its Enigma, Its History."
    (SFEC, 2/20/00, Par p.7)
2000        Bruce Wilkinson, Georgia preacher, authored “The Prayer of Jabez," a 93-page, $10 tract based on a passage from the Bible. Sales made him a rich man and in 2002 he embarked on a mission to save children in Swaziland orphaned by AIDS.
    (WSJ, 12/19/05, p.A1)
2000        Gary Wills authored "Papal Sin: Structures of Deceit," an indictment of how the Vatican has rewritten history and twisted the truth in an effort to preserve outdated teachings on human sexuality and gender equality.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.C1)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.5)
2000        Dr. Andrew Wilson, historian and analyst at the European Council on foreign relations, authored “The Ukrainians: Unexpected Nation."
2000        Ruth R. Wisse authored "The Modern Jewish Canon," an examination of modern Jewish literature.
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A20)
2000        Bob Woodward authored "Maestro Greenspan’s Fed and the American Boom."
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A16)
2000        Boris Yeltsin, former Russian president, authored "Midnight Diaries."
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A22)

2000        Afghan cab drivers in Washington DC began meeting to discuss the poetry of Abdul Qadir Bedil (1644-1721), Afghanistan Sufi poet, in a program called “An Evening of Sufism." In 2004 original members broke off and formed the group “An Evening With the Dervishes."
    (WSJ, 7/10/06, p.A1)(http://devoted.to/bedil)

2000        Argentine composer Osvaldo Golijov composed his "La Pasión Según San Marco." It was commissioned for the 250th anniversary of Bach’s death and made its NYC premiere in 2002.
    (WSJ, 11/5/02, p.D8)

2000        The new $100 million, 140,000-sq.-foot Experience Music Project was due to be completed in Seattle. It was funded by Paul G. Allen and dedicated to the celebration of creativity in music.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.E8)

2000        The American rock band Linkin Park debuted their Hybrid Theory album featuring lead singer Chester Bennington (1976-2017). The album went on to sell 10 million copies.
    (SFC, 7/21/17, p.D5)

2000        In Haines, Alaska, Dave Pahl created his Hammer Museum, a tribute to the oldest human tool. In 2007 he struggled to retain the name as the Armand Hammer Museum of Art changed its name to the Hammer Museum of Art and applied for a trademark to the name.
    (WSJ, 10/5/07, p.A1)

2000        Bishop William Swing (b.1936), head of the Episcopal Church in California, founded the United Religions Initiative. By 2010 the organization was active in 78 countries.
    (SSFC, 12/26/10, p.A1)
2000        Victoria Hale founded the Institute for OneWorldHealth, a non-profit pharmaceutical, to develop drugs for diseases endemic in developing countries.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.69)

2000        Gary Kimovich Kasparov (37), world chess champion (1985-2000), lost to Vladimir Kramnik (25).
    (MC, 4/13/02)(SFC, 1/16/04, p.D19)

2000        The US government distributed a record $28 billion in direct payments to subsidize farmers.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.A7)
2000        The Byrd amendment authorized that money collected from anti-dumping tariffs be disbursed to US companies hit by unfairly, low-priced imports. In 2004 the WTO ruled this a violation of its rules.
    (WSJ, 9/1/04, p.A3)
2000        A new US federal law was enacted to protect the religious rights of prisoners. In 2003 a federal court in Cincinnati ruled the law unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A3)
2000        The US Congress created the T-1 visa as part of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. It allowed victims to stay in the US for 3 years and then apply for a green card. The act obliged governments to crack down or face a cutoff of US aid.
    (WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A8)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.A8)
2000        The US government sued Andrei Shleifer, a top Harvard Univ. economist, for seeking profit from his management of a foreign-aid program in Russia.
    (WSJ, 10/12/04, p.A1)
2000        US legislation called the Iran Nonproliferation Act went into effect. By 2005 it impacted the Int’l. Space Station project due to Russian weapons trade with Iran.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, p.75)
2000        The US Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) warned carriers and airports that the prospect for a terrorist hijacking had increased. This information was part of a Sept. 11 Commission report in 2004 and was made public in 2005.
    (SFC, 9/14/05, p.A3)
2000        The Delta Regional Authority (DRA), a federal-state partnership, was created by US Congress to provide economic assistance to 240 counties in 8 states of the Mississippi delta. 133 of the counties were in Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi.
    (Econ, 5/13/06, p.35)

2000        Chicago’s City Hall went green with 20,000 square feet of vegetation planted on its roof 11 stories above LaSalle Avenue.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.29)

2000        Austin Decoster, Iowa hog farmer, acknowledged being a habitual violator of polluting Iowa’s rivers and streams. He was the first Iowa farmer to be branded with the official label. In 2010 his Iowa egg farming operations were involved in the recall of some 380 million eggs.
    (SFC, 8/28/10, p.A6)

2000        In New York state practitioners of Falun Gong acquired a 400 acres site they called Dragon Springs, about an hour's drive northwest of NYC. The tax-exempt religious site was acquired just a year after the Chinese government officially banned Falun Gong as an "evil cult".
    (AP, 4/30/19)

2000        In South Carolina a Confederate flag was relocated to a 30-foot (10-meter) flag pole alongside a memorial to Confederate war dead on the State House lawn. It had been raised in the early 1960s atop the State House dome in defiance of the civil rights movement then sweeping the United States.
    (AP, 7/10/15)

2000        In West Virginia Democrat Bob wise defeated Gov. Cecil Underwood (1922-2008).
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)

2000        The Seminole Nation voted to cast freedmen descendants out of its tribe. The US government in response cut off most federal programs and refused to authorize gaming. The Seminole freedman were later allowed back into the tribe.
    (SFC, 3/5/07, p.A2)

2000        Jonathan Mcleod worked as an intern for the office of Illinois Representative J. Dennis Hastert. He later noted that Congressional Representatives do not read their mail, that form letters are immediately thrown away, and that responses to citizen letters are automatically processed with responses that "say something without saying anything."
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.D3)

2000        Missouri adopted a shoot-on-sight policy for feral hogs with no restrictions on time or place.
    (Econ, 12/6/08, p.42)

2000        In Nevada mine operator Arimetco abandoned a WW II-era mine and left behind a stew of uranium, arsenic and other chemicals. In 1994 the EPA determined that the site qualified for priority Superfund status but did not formally propose the listing until 2016. State regulators had first accused the Anaconda Mining Co. of discharging pollutants there in 1985. In 2018 the local Yerington Paiute Tribe fought against efforts to put the state and current owner Atlantic Richfield in charge of the cleanup, instead of the EPA.
    (SSFC, 4/29/18, p.C11)

2000        The Mexican Sagaste-Cruz drug ring moved in and near Wind River Reservation of Wyoming to deal methamphetamine. They started with free meth samples. The men pursued Indian women, providing them with meth even as they romanced them and fathered their children. Eventually, the women needed to support their habit, so they became dealers and used free samples to recruit new customers.
    (AP, 4/30/07)

2000        Jon Corzine, former chairman of Goldman Sachs, spent $63 million to win a Senate seat for New Jersey. In 2005 he planned to run for governor of NJ.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.40)

2000        The Oregon state constitution was amended to include a kicker, i.e. a 1979 law that stipulated that if the state’s general-fund revenue exceeded budget estimates by 2% or more, the excess had to go back to taxpayers.
    (WSJ, 3/24/06, p.A8)

2000        In the US the ratio of executive pay to that of the average worker rose to 525 to 1.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.75)

2000        Conseco Corp., an insurance and financial services giant, began struggling after an ill-fated acquisition. The Board pushed out CEO Stephen C. Hilbert, who had borrowed over $175 million to load up on company stock. In 2002 the company filed for bankruptcy and pushed Hilbert's debt to over $200 million.
    (WSJ, 12/5/03, p.A1)

2002        Architect Frank Gehry founded Gehry Technologies. The company developed software based on the CATIA product design tool by Dassault Systems, and later marketed it as Digital Project, a building information modeling (BIM) tool.
    (Econ, 5/31/08, TQ p.20)

2000        Ford Motors spun off its parts supplier Visteon.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, p.61)

2000        Luis von Ahn, computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon, together with Manuel Blum, Nicholas J. Hopper and John Langford coined the term CAPTCHA (completely automated public Turing test to tell computers and humans apart) in a joint paper. This led to the use of mangled text to verify human users of computer software over the Internet. The Recaptcha system was launched in 2007 and used words that machines could not read.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, TQ p.16)

2000        GM took full control of Saab.
2000        Gurbaksh Chahal (18), India-born entrepreneur in San Jose, Ca.,, sold his company Click Agent for $40 million to competitor Value Click in an all stock merger. In 2007 he sold his 2nd company, Blue Lithium, to Yahoo for $300 million.
    (SSFC, 10/26/08, p.F1)
2000        Orbitz, an online travel assistance site, was put together by a group of airlines for direct sales to consumers. In 2004 it was sold to Cendant for $1.25 billion.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.66)
2000        The Alta Vista search engine began allowing multi media searching.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
2000        Google and Yahoo partnered to provide search on yahoo.com. Google indexed over 1 billion pages, making it the largest index on the Web.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
2000        Switch began building a series of colocation centers in Las Vegas. Its business got a boost in December 2002, when it acquired a former Enron broadband services facility out of bankruptcy. In 2010 the SWITCH SuperNAP, a huge data center, opened near the Las Vegas airport.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.28)(http://tinyurl.com/7r3deaq)
2000        Baidu.com, a Chinese search engine, was founded. It went public in 2005.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)

2000        Xiangzhong “Jerry" Yang (d.2009 at 49), persudaded Connecticut to establish a $20 million Center for Regenerative Biology at Storrs. In 1999 Yang helped clone a calf named Amy, the first farm animal cloned in the US.
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.B4)

2000        Alan G. Lafley took over as CEO of Procter & Gamble (P&G).
    (WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A16)(Econ, 4/15/06, p.68)

2000        Lee Scott took over as head of Arkansas-based Wal-Mart, the company’s 3rd boss. In late 2007 Scott announced that he would retire at the end of January, 2009.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.70)

2000        United Parcel Service (UPS) introduced an algorithm called VOLCANO (Volume, Location and Aircraft Network Optimizer), which was jointly developed with MIT.
    (Econ, 9/15/07, p.86)

2000        Bradford College of Massachusetts closed its doors and left debts of almost $20 million.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.79)

2000        Some 400 Americans made over $86 million each in this year.
    (SSFC, 8/31/03, Par p.1)
2000        Data centers consumed .6% of the world’s electricity. By 2005 this reached 1%.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.19)

2000        Abbott Labs introduced Kaletra, an AIDS drug that included Norvir, a protease inhibitor. In 2003 Abbott quintupled the price for Norvir. Abbott pricing went under investigation in 2004.
    (WSJ, 1/3/07, p.A10)

2000        Wyeth introduced Prevnar, a vaccine to protect children against 7 strains of bacteria that can cause ear infections, pneumonia and meningitis. In 2007 researchers found a strain of bacteria that can cause ear infections, serotype 19A, that was resistance to all antibiotics approved for children.
    (WSJ, 10/17/07, p.D8)

2000        Dr. Leroy Hood (61), former Caltech professor and founder of Applied Biosystems, helped form the independent Institute for Systems Biology to explore new ideas in bio-technology.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, TQp.38)

2000        Elong Musk (b.1971) was ousted as boss of PayPal.
    (Econ, 10/22/16, p.56)

2000        The Sloan Digital Sky Survey started work using its 2.5 meter telescope at Apache Point Observatory in New Mexico.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, SR p.3)(http://www.sdss.org/)

2000        Patrick Henry College opened in suburban Virginia. It was founded by Michael Farris: “Your calling is to turn our nation into a Godly foundation." In 2007 Hanna Rosin authored “God’s Harvard: A Christian College on a Mission to Save America."
    (Econ, 2/28/04, p.33)(SSFC, 9/2/07, p.M1)

2000        California Fish and Game Dept. began looking into bird deaths at Searles Lake in Searles Valley, San Bernardino County. From 2001-2007 some 348 to 706 birds died at the lake each year. Searles Valley Minerals, formerly IMC Chemicals, produced soda ash, boron minerals and sodium sulfate there and pumped spent brine to form the lake. The birds had died of salt toxicosis. The lake was also a natural repository of arsenic. Numerous area workers complained of health problems following their employment. In 2008 the company was sold by an affiliate of Sun Capital Partners Inc. to Nirma Ltd., an India-based company.
    (SSFC, 7/6/08, p.A10)(SFC, 7/7/08, p.A9)
2000        The invasive New Zealand mud snail, believed to have been imported in the mid-1980s in a shipment of trout eggs to an Idaho hatchery, was first spotted in the Owens River in California's eastern Sierra. By 2018 they were established throughout California and other western states.
    (SSFC, 10/28/18, p.C11)
2000        Forest Guardians filed a federal lawsuit in New Mexico over bird deaths against IMC Potash Carlsbad, a division of IMC Global. US Fish and Wildlife estimated that from 1996-2000 over 1,600 birds had died in a shallow lake where wastewater was discharged.
    (SFC, 7/7/08, p.A9)
2000        San Jose, Ca., Mayor Ron Gonzales cut a back room deal with Norcal Waste System that eventually ensured an $11.25 million pay raise for the garbage collectors without telling the City Council. Gonzales handed union representation to the Teamsters and reimbursed increased payroll costs with taxpayer money. In 2005 the City Council voted 10-0 to censure Gonzales. In 2007 a judge dismissed corruption charges against Gonzales.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.B1)(SFC, 12/14/05, p.B1)(SFC, 6/24/06, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/07, p.B1)

2000        Chicago’s City Hall went green with 20,000 square feet of vegetation planted on its roof 11 stories above LaSalle Avenue.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.29)

2000        Johnnie Lee Gray (58), self taught African-American painter from Spartanburg SC, died. His paintings included "The Revolution: We Shall Overcome."
    (WSJ, 12/3/02, p.D4)

2000        In Afghanistan Mullah Qudratullah Jamal, the Taliban minister of information and culture and Aqajan Motaseb, minister of finance, lead a wrecking crew through the National Museum. They destroyed a significant portion of the country’s cultural heritage.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A11)
2000        In Angola Manuel Vincente became the head of Sonangol, the state oil company and chief purveyor of government party funds.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.52)

2000        In Brazil Antonio Marcos Pimenta Neves, managing editor of the newspaper Estado de S. Paulo, shot Sandra Gomide (32) to death. She was a former editor of the paper's business section who had ended their relationship shortly before she was slain. Neves was convicted in 2006 but stayed free during numerous appeals. In 2011 the Supreme Court said Neves must serve his 15-year sentence after running out of appeals.    
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2000        Brazil’s Central Bank Pres. Arminio Fraga set up the printing of 10-real bills on long lasting plastic. The move was symbolic of currency stability.
    (WSJ, 6/2/00, p.A1)
2000        Brazil was about 74% Roman Catholic. By 2010 the number fell to about 65% of the population.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2000        The al-Qaida manual “Declaration of Jihad Against the Country’s Tyrants" was found in Manchester, England.
    (Econ, 1/16/16, p.86)
2000        Freeman Dyson, British-born theoretical physicist, won the $1 million Templeton prize for his efforts to show that science and faith can coexist.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.82)

2000        Burkina Faso amended its constitution to allow the president to serve two terms. Pres. Compaore made it effective as of 2005.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.58)
2000        In Burkina Faso Salibo Some (43) created the Africa’s Sustainable Development Council (ASUDEC) to help lift villagers out of poverty.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.K8)

2000        In Canada Mike Lazaridis, co-founder of Research In Motion (RIM), founded the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics just outside Ontario’s Waterloo Univ. His initial support included a donation of C$100 million.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.68)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.36)

2000        Martin Booth authored "The Dragon Syndicates," a history of the Chinese criminal societies known as the triads.
    (WSJ, 8/4/00, p.W7)
2000        Bill Kong, Chinese film producer, released “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon." He had wooed Hollywood for a year to front half of the film’s $15 million budget.
    (WSJ, 9/14/05, p.A1)
2000        China's Pres. Jiang Zemin launched the "Three Represents" program: the party must represent China's advanced productive forces, its advanced culture and the interests of the overwhelming majority of the people.
    (Econ, 11/15/03, p.41)
2000        China banned the sale of video game consoles citing their adverse effect on the mental health of its youth. The ban was lifted in 2014 on a temporary basis.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)
2000        China’s Premier Zhu Rongji said Beijing will no longer be livable in 35 years due to sand dunes 93 miles away and converging at an annual speed of 2 km.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A21)
2000        China launched its “great development of the west" program (often referred to as the “Go west" policy).
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.39)
2000         In Ningbo, China, the Geely Group began producing cars. By 2006 the plant was producing 180,000 cars a year.
    (WSJ, 11/7/06, p.A1)
2000        In China coal mine fatalities were estimated to be between 5,000 and 10,000 per year with an average of 13 miners killed per day. Miners earned about $50 per month.
    (SFC, 12/25/00, p.B6)(NW, 10/28/02, p.44R)
2000        Chinese lawyers began using “variable interest entities" (VIES), a type of corporate architecture, to shift sensitive assets into special legal entities.
    (Econ, 9/16/17, p.65)
2000        The WHO ranked China 4th from the bottom of 191 countries in terms of fairness of its medical coverage.
    (WSJ, 12/5/05, p.A1)

2000        Colombia passed legislation creating the National Commission for the Seeking of Disappeared People and authorized it to build a "unified registry" of the missing.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2000        In CongoDRC Lyn Lusi (d.2012), British born administrator, and her Congolese husband set up a hospital in Goma to train Congolese doctors. It was destroyed by a volcano in 2002. They rebuilt it and named it HEAL Africa.
    (Econ, 3/31/12, p.110)(http://www.opusprize.org/winners/11_lusi.cfm)
2000        Asylum seekers fled to the Republic of Congo when the rebel Movement for the Liberation of Congo under Jean-Pierre Bemba overtook the Equateur province.
    (SFC, 5/28/02, p.E1)

2000        The Czech Security Information Service (BIS) learned that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein planned to use an anti-tank rocket to attack the US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Prague and warned Hussein that they were aware of his plans.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2000        Genmab, a biotech company based in Denmark, went public with Dr. Lisa Drakeman of the US as CEO. Drakeman, with a doctorate in the history of religion, had gained biotech experience in Medarex, a firm created by her husband. In 2006 GlaxoSmithKline paid $357 million for a 10% stake in the company.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.84)

2000        Estonia’s government decided to go paperless and conduct as much business as possible online. Estonia made internet access a human right.
    (NW, 5/13/02, p.72)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.68)

2000        The population if Fiji this year was about 813,000.
    (SFEC, 6/11/00, p.A26)

2000        Martti Ahtisaari founded the Helsinki-based Crisis Management Initiative, a non-governmental conflict resolution organization.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.50)

2000        German artist Wolfgang Tillmans (b.1968) won the Turner Prize, becoming the first non-British artist to do so.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Tillmans)(Econ, 2/11/17, p.73)
2000        Germany’s coalition government of leftists and Greens passed a law forbidding the shutdown of the country’s 19 nuclear reactors by 2020.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.72)
2000        The German power group E.ON was formed through the merger of Veba and Viag.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.71)
2000        German companies and the government established a fund to pay to former slave laborers from Greece. By 2015 about 13.5 million euros ($15 million) was paid out.
    (AP, 3/22/15)

2000        In Greece a government run organization in a post-election collapse stopped propping up the market by trading in state corporations and caused small investors to loose some 2 billion euros. The general index ended the year with a loss of 38.77%.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.51)(http://tinyurl.com/ywvnyk)

2000        India converted 8 export processing zones, which dated back to 1965, to special economic zones (SEZs), where streamlined procedures, tax breaks and good infrastructure lured investors to export oriented industries.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.45)
2000        In India lawmaker Shibu Soren led a movement that culminated in the new eastern state of Jharkhand being hived off from Bihar. His people, the impoverished indigenous forest-dwelling tribe members known as Adivasis, occupied the lowest rungs of India's complex social ladder, but formed a majority.
    (AP, 12/7/06)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.48)
2000        India’s Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), under Dhirubhai Ambani, opened one of the world’s largest refineries in Gujarat.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.66)
2000        India’s Tata Tea took over Britain’s Tetley Group for $450 million.
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.75)
2000        Caroline Boudreaux of Louisiana started The Miracle Foundation as a typical international adoption agency for children in India. The adoption process was slow and cumbersome so she entered into a partnership with an organization in India to build orphanages from the ground up. In 2009 she hired Elizabeth Davis, a veteran entrepreneur in Austin’s tech world, to be the organization’s chief operating officer and together they built a system for finding existing orphanages that were willing to partner with The Miracle Foundation.
    (CSM, 2/26/15)

2000        Indonesia enacted laws to empower the nations 31 provinces and 364 local districts for services such as education, health, water and electricity. A decentralization policy allowed regional governments to maximize their operating revenue. A 2006 World Bank report said the 2000 decentralization policy caused an explosion in new taxes and charges and hampered economic growth.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A8)(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/29/06, p.A6)

2000        Iraq began levying an illegal surcharge of 50 cents a barrel on its oil-for-food sales in order to create a revenue stream directly back to Baghdad  instead of the UN’s humanitarian fund.
    (WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2000        By this time Saddam Hussein’s policy to drain the wetlands of Iraq reduced the area by 85%. Hundreds of thousands of native Madans had left leaving as few as 20,000. After the fall of Hussein scientists reflooded the area and by 2007 about 50% was restored. Madan residents rose to about 90,000.
    (WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)

2000        Amos Gitai, Israeli film maker, directed “Kippur," a drama about the 1973 Arab-Israeli conflict.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/gyhxr)
2000        The Dan David Foundation was founded with a $100 million endowment by Romanian-born Israeli businessman and philanthropist Dan David. The Founding Director was Professor Gad Barzilai. The foundation and Tel Aviv University award the prizes. The first awards ceremony took place at Tel Aviv University on May 2002.
2000        Shulamit Aloni (1928-2014) received in 2000 the Israel Prize, the country's most prestigious national award, for lifetime achievement. The award sparked howls of protest from ultra-Orthodox leaders due to her support for Palestinian statehood opposition to the Orthodox Jewish establishment.
    (AFP, 1/24/14)

2000        The Bank of Japan raised the key interest rate from zero to .25% and lowered it after 6 months when the increase made deflation worse.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.109)
2000        Japan recorded the 1st known case of two or more people using the Internet to form a suicide pact. Hundreds of suicides, if not more, from various countries copied that pattern in the following years.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.66)
2000        Toyota released its Prius in the US, the first mass-produced hybrid vehicle.
    (WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)

2000        The so-called Gabriel Stone was reportedly found in Jordan. It features an unknown prophetic text from the time of the Second Jewish Temple. In 2013 it went on exhibit at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 4/30/13)

2000        Garth Willis of St. Paul, Minn., founded the Alpine Fund to train local Kyrgyzstan children as mountain guides.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.F5)

2000        A record 469 piracies were reported worldwide in this year with 72 ship crew members killed. More than a third occurred in or around Indonesian waters.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.F2)

2000        Mona Khalil (60) founded The Orange House Project  to protect sea turtles on the south Lebanon beach in el Mansouri from predators, pollution and encroaching humans. Her activism was responsible for banning dynamite fishing in the area, which resulted in her house being shot at and attempts to burn her farm down.
    (Reuters, 7/28/17)

2000        A loose coalition named "Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy" (LURD) began fighting against Charles Taylor. Covert support included the US.
    (WSJ, 7/31/03, p.A19)
2000        A shipping concern in Virginia, LISCR, helped Pres. Taylor procure weapons in violation of the UN arms embargo. The Liberian International Ship and Corporate Registry began managing Liberia’s shipping registry this year.
    (WSJ, 10/24/01, p.A1)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.45)

2000        Both the G-8 group of leading industrialized nations and the 26-nation Financial Action Task Force put Liechtenstein on their blacklist of nations deemed uncooperative in fighting money laundering. The principality scrambled to revise its laws, and a year later was relieved to be removed from the blacklist.
    (AP, 7/2/06)

2000        Mauritania launched a radio and television campaign to end gavage, the practice of force-feeding girls to make them gain weight as a sign of health and fertility. Illiteracy made progress slow.
    (WSJ, 12/29/04, p.A1)

2000        The Mexican film “Amores Perros," a gritty tale of dogs, crime and violence, was produced.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.46)
2000        In Mexico Alberto Patishtan was arrested for the murder of seven policemen, who were killed in an ambush in Chiapas state. Although he denied committing the crime, he was convicted in 2002 and sentenced to 60 years in prison. On Oct 31, 2013, he was released under a pardon by President Enrique Pena Nieto after the government found evidence the teacher's rights had been abused.
    (Reuters, 10/31/13)
2000        Pernod Ricard SA acquired the Mexican tequila producer Viuda de Romero.
    (WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)

2000        Ross Dunkley, an Australian editor, founded the Myanmar Times, an English-language newspaper with a business emphasis, during a period of relative liberalization under the ruling junta.
    (AP, 2/12/11)

2000        Pushka Gautam, Maoist commander in Nepal, defected and established himself as a Kathmandu-based writer.
    (Econ, 12/4/04, p.41)

2000        In Nigeria Anambra Gov. Chinwoke Mbadinuju invited a fanatical Christian group, the Bakassi Boys, to enforce law and order after some 35 merchants were killed near Onitsha.
    (SFC, 3/26/01, p.A8)
2000        In Nigeria 12 northern states declared sharia law.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.54)
2000        Nigeria was rated the most corrupt country in the world according to Transparency Int’l. By 2007 it improved to become the 32nd most corrupt.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.66)

2000        North Korea launched a nationwide fiber optic intranet known as Kwangmyong (bright).
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.43)

2000        Oslo formally apologized to the 10,000 to 12,000 children born to Norwegian mothers and German soldiers, who had suffered reprisals following WWII. It was estimated that between 30,000 to 50,000 Norwegians, labelled "German girls", had intimate relations with occupying troops during World War II.
    (AFP, 10/17/18)

2000        Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf dismissed 13 senior judges and got the remaining judges to decree that his coup was legal and necessary.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, Survey p.6)

2000        In Paraguay a plane loaded with drugs was found on property owned by Horacio Cartes.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.35)

2000        In the Republic of Congo a Brazzaville court sentenced former premier Bernard Kolelas to death for crimes ranging from torture to the rape of prisoners during a 5-month-long civil war in 1997.
    (AP, 10/14/05)

2000        A professor at Russia's Foreign Ministry's Diplomatic Academy said that Japan still had gold that Russia sent primarily to buy weapons during World War I, according to Interfax. The Bolshevik Revolution toppled the czar before the war ended and the weapons never arrived. In 2004 Russia planned to open discussions for the return of up to $80 billion worth of gold.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2000        Global Domains International, Inc. (GDI) launched the .WS  Internet domain in partnership with the island nation of Samoa.

2000        The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) was formed after the Kinshasa-based Hutu command and the Kivu-based Army for the Liberation of Rwanda (ALiR) agreed to merge.
2000        It was estimated that Rwanda made $20 million per month mining coltan in Congo DRC. The mineral is used in the manufacture of capacitors for electronic equipment.

2000        In Somalia Islamists formed the Union of Islamic Courts, a national federation of sharia jurists. It was overthrown in 2006 with foreign help.
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.18)

2000        In South Africa the Johannesburg consortium “Business Against Crime" moved its Cueincident program, a video-monitoring system of the central business district, to the Carlton building. Crime soon began to decline and people moved back into the area.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, Survey p.11)

2000        Spanish journalist Emilio Silva was shown where his grandfather was buried. The mass grave in El Bierzo contained dozens of other victims of Francoist repression. Spaniards across the country soon began reporting on thousands of victims buried in similar unmarked graves.
    (Econ, 3/13/10, p.63)

2000        In Sweden, in the first round of pension fund choice, individuals had to choose from a staggering array of 465 funds.
2000        In Sweden Kunskapsskolan (Knowledge Schools), a private education provider, opened its first 6 schools. By 2008 it had 30 schools.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.83)

2000        The Swiss franc was explicitly backed by gold until this year.
    (Econ, 11/29/14, p.66)

2000        A UN report published in 2002, the 1st of its kind, counted 1.6 million deaths due to violence in this year.
    (WSJ, 10/3/02, p.A1)
2000        The UN launched its “Global Compact" initiative to bring business and its critics together for an inclusive dialogue on globalization. By 2000 ten core principles were drawn up.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.61)

2000        Venezuela’s largest electricity company, Electricidad de Caracas, was bought by Virginia-based AES for $1.7 billion. In 2007 Pres. Chavez planned to nationalize the company.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.p33)

2000        Vietnam introduced a liberal companies law. Over the next 3 years 54,000 private businesses sprang up.
    (Econ, 4/17/04, p.63)

2000        Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines (ZCCM), a state owned monopoly, was privatized after 4 years of negotiations.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.68)

2000        The Caine Prize for African Writing, named in memory of the late Sir Michael Harris Caine (1927-1999), was first awarded to Leila Aboulela (b.1964) of Sudan at the Zimbabwe International Book Fair 2000 in Harare. Caine was a former Chairman of Booker plc., Chairman of Africa 95, and Chairman of the Booker Prize management committee for almost 25 years.

2000-2001    Enron made almost $1 billion off of California’s energy crises during this period. In 2006 Timothy Belden, the architect of Enron’s market manipulation schemes, said the profits came during the 9 months at the height of the crisis. He admitted to shipping power out of California and then selling it back, creating the appearance of a shortage, and jacking up prices.
    (SFC, 3/2/06, p.C1)

2000-2001    Nurse Vickie Dawn Jackson injected 10 Texas hospital patients with lethal drug doses at Nocona General Hospital. In 2006 Jackson pleaded no contest to capital murder and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (WSJ, 10/6/06, p.A1)(http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory?id=2531512)

2000-2004    Greenhouse gas emissions grew by 3% during each of these years. Emissions had grown 1.1% a year in the 1990s.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.64)

2000-2005    In the second Palestinian intifada more than 1,000 Israelis and 3,000 Palestinians died.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.41)

2000-2006    During this period the world GDP per head increased an average of 3.2% a year.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, Survey p.4)
2000-2006    The Interphone study on mobile the threat to human health from mobile phone use cost $30 million and involved some 50 scientists working in 13 countries. Results proved very confusing and inconclusive.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.93)

2000-2009    In Colombia over 7,000 fell victim to landmines during this period, most of them planted by the FARC.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.33)

2000-2010    More than 54,000 wild birds, including critically endangered species, were laundered through the Solomon islands into the global wildlife trade during this period. In 2012 TRAFFIC, a wildlife group, said Singapore and Malaysia accounted for 93 percent of all birds imported from Solomon Islands.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)

2000-2014    Rice production in the Ivory Coast tripled over this period as new hybrid seed lines boosted yields and enabled farmers to grow rice in dry areas where sorghum was once the dominant crop.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.59)

2000-2015    Mauritius accounted for around $94 billion, or nearly 34 percent, of foreign direct investment in India.
    (AP, 5/11/16)

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