Timeline 1998 October - December

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1998        Oct 1, The US Dept. of Defense said that it would spend an estimated $50 million this year to provide Viagra to soldiers, sailors, fliers, retirees and their dependents.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 1, Gordon and Betty Moore, announced a $35 million contribution to Conservation Int’l., an environmental group for biodiversity. The funds would be used for a new Washington DC Center for Applied Biodiversity Science. Moore was a co-founder and former chairman of Intel Corp. He donated $12.5 million to Cambridge Univ. for the most advanced science and technology library in Europe.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B6,D1)
1998        Oct 1, The Makah Indian gray whale hunting season opened. The tribe had recently won the right to kill up to 5 whales a year over the next 4 years. In 2000 a federal appeals court overturned the ruling that allowed whale hunting.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.A6)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.A3)
1998        Oct 1, CollaGenex Pharmaceuticals announced FDA approval of Periostat, a pill to help fight gum disease. The drug suppresses the enzyme responsible for gum and tooth breakdown during inflammation.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.A2)
1998        Oct 1, The IMF and the World Bank were negotiating an emergency loan package for Brazil of some $30 billion. Since the collapse of the ruble, edgy investors have taken $30 billion out of Brazil. The government in the mean time pushed up the interest rate to 40%.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 10/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 1, Guatemala sold 95% of its phone monopoly for $700 million to Luca, a consortium of Guatemalan and Central American financial institutions.
    (WSJ, 10/2/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 1, In central Mexico a flooded irrigation canal killed 12 people when it washed away tin and cardboard homes along its banks.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)
1998        Oct 1, The UN sent a new warning to Pres. Milosevic of Serbia over the atrocities in Kosovo. Seeking to head off threatened NATO attacks, Yugoslavia's Serb leadership invited foreign experts to investigate massacres in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/1/99)

1998        Oct 2, The US House released 4,600 pages of evidence that detailed President Clinton's efforts to contain the Monica Lewinsky scandal as it erupted.
    (AP, 10/2/99)
1998        Oct 2, Gene Autry (b.1907), America’s first singing cowboy and former owner of the Anaheim Angels, died at age 91 in Studio City, CA. He made 96 films and cut 635 records including "Back in the Saddle Again." His comic sidekick was Smiley Burnette and his horse was named Champion. His career spanned some 60 years. Autry is the only entertainer to have earned five stars on the commemorative sidewalk for his work in radio, records, film, television, and live theatrical performance.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/98, p.A18)(SFEC, 12/20/98, Z1 p.5)(HNQ, 7/26/01)
1998        Oct 2, In Europe the new "Swatchmobile," a 2-seater plastic car by Daimler-Benz, made its debut. The Smart car was to sell for $8,500 and was rated at 59 miles per gallon.
    (WSJ, 10/2/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 2, In Japan the parliament passed bills to provide $74 billion in taxpayer money to help banks recover from bad loans.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 2, In Mongolia Sanjaasurangiin Zorig (36), who helped oust the Communist regime in 1990, was assassinated. He was stabbed and hacked with a knife and an ax. It was seen as a move to silence pro-democracy officials.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A17)

1998        Oct 3, Actor Roddy McDowall died at age 70. His films included "Lassie Come Home," and "Cleopatra."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B10)
1998        Oct 3, The G-7 finance ministers agreed to explore Pres. Clinton’s proposed strategy for early IMF intervention to support weak economies. Masaru Hayami, governor of the Bank of Japan, said that capital supporting 19 major banks had dwindled to dangerously low levels. The Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors commissioned Dr Hans Tietmeyer, President of the Deutsche Bundesbank, to recommend new structures for enhancing co-operation among the various national and international supervisory bodies and international financial institutions so as to promote stability in the international financial system. This led to the formation of the Financial Stability Forum on Apr 14, 1999.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/98, p.A3)(www.fsforum.org/about/genesis_of_the_fsf.html)
1998        Oct 3, In Australia parliamentary elections were scheduled. The conservative coalition of Jowh Howard won re-election by a narrow margin.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A17)
1998        Oct 3, In Chechnya 4 men working to install a cellular phone system were kidnapped by 20 men. The severed heads Darren Hickey, Rudolf Petschi, Stanley Shaw  and Peter Kennedy were found Dec 8. Their bodies were found Dec 26 in Chernorechiye.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 3, In Croatia Pope John Paul II beatified Cardinal Alojzije Stepinac, the World War II archbishop of Zagreb and a controversial figure because many Serbs and Jews accused him of sympathizing with the Nazis.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A22)(AP, 10/3/99)
1998        Oct 3, In Italy Communists voted to reject Prime Minister Prodi’s budget.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1,22)
1998        Oct 3, In Latvia voters approved a referendum to ease citizenship requirements for Russians left there following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Voters also selected members for the 100 seat unicameral parliament.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)(BN, 10/98, p.1)
1998        Oct 3, Turkey sent some 10,000 troops into northern Iraq to attack Kurdish rebels.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A11)

1998        Oct 4, US and Algerian navies conducted a small joint search-and-rescue exercise in the Mediterranean.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A17)
1998        Oct 4, In Argentina Marcelo Cattaneo, the younger brother of Pres. Menem’s former deputy chief of staff, was found hanging by the neck outside Buenos Aires. He had been named 2 months earlier as the man who tried to bribe former directors of the Banco de la Nacion. A newspaper article on the 1994-1995 IBM-Banco de la Nacion bribery scheme was stuffed in his mouth.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)
1998        Oct 4, In Brazil national elections Fernando Henrique Cardoso won with 50.3% of the vote in early returns vs. 35.6% for Luiz Inacio da Silva of the Workers Party.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A21)(SFC, 10/5/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 4, In Iraq a Palestinian burst into a Baghdad synagogue and sprayed the crowd with gunfire. 2 Jews and 2 Muslims were killed.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A9)
1998        Oct 4, In Mexico the Indians of San Juan Chamula in Chiapas boycotted the elections in protest for the jailing of 5 men accused of murder. They were jailed a year ago during a dispute between Catholic and Protestant converts.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.a10)(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 4, In Mexico Hector Teran, governor of Baja California and leader of the opposition National Action Party, died at age 67.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A17)
1998        Oct 4, Russian envoys warned Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic that NATO might launch air-strikes unless he took "decisive measures" to end the humanitarian crisis in the southern province of Kosovo.
    (AP, 10/4/99)
1998        Oct 4, Former Swiss Pres. Jean-Pascal Delamuraz died at age 62. He served his one year rotating term in 1996 and made headlines that Dec. when he described Jewish demands for compensation for Holocaust victims as blackmail.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A17)

1998        Oct 5, A US House committee voted along hardened partisan lines 21-16 to begin an open-ended impeachment inquiry into 15 possible charges against Pres. Clinton.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/5/99)
1998        Oct 5, The US House of Representatives directed the Pentagon to channel $97 million in overt military aid to Iraqi rebel groups seeking to bring down Pres. Saddam Hussein. The Clinton administration committed to the transfer of military surplus equipment May 14, 1999.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A8)(SFC, 5/25/99, p.A6)
1998        Oct 5, Michael Carneal pleaded guilty but mentally ill to shooting to death three fellow students and wounding five other people at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky. Carneal was later sentenced to life in prison without the chance of parole for 25 years.
    (AP, 10/5/99)
1998        Oct 5, The US federal government agreed to pay SF $176.6 million for 59 Italian-made Breda streetcars.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 5, From Belize it was reported that Orange Walk, a town of 14,000, was overrun by crack cocaine addicts known as "sprungheads."
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 5, China signed the 1976 Int’l. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights bringing the number of signatories to 140. The signing still required parliamentary approval.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 5, In Congo rebels under Arthur Mulunda said they were within 12 miles of Kindu. The rebels were backed by troops and equipment from Rwanda and Uganda.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, In Iran the Islamic authorities told a group of writers to give up efforts to reactivate an independent association of authors.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, Federico Zeri, Italy’s leading art critic and historian, died at age 77. He had cataloged in 4 volumes the Italian paintings in New York’s Metropolitan Museum.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A22)
1998        Oct 5, In Kenya teachers went on a nationwide strike over failed pay raises. 7 million students were idled.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, In south Lebanon pro-Iranian Hezbollah guerrillas killed 2 Israeli soldiers with a roadside bomb.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 5, Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy was reported to have turned his face to Africa rather than a pan-Arab unity: ""I would like Libya to become a black country. Hence, I recommend to Libyan men to marry only black women, and to Libyan women to marry black men."
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 5, In Russia some 1,000 mail cars with up to 18 tons of letters were sidetracked due to the inability of the post office to pay the country’s 17 railways.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 5, In Sweden Prime Minister Goran Persson of the Social Democrats reached a 3-party agreement with the Left and the Greens.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A12)

1998        Oct 6, The Walton Family Charitable Trust Foundation made a $50 million donation to the Univ. of Arkansas business school.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.B10)
1998        Oct 6, With a House vote set on launching an open-ended impeachment inquiry, Democrats rushed to counter Republican plans while still underscoring their disapproval of President Clinton's affair with Monica Lewinsky.
    (AP, 10/6/99)
1998        Oct 6, Eddie DeBartolo Jr. pleaded guilty in federal court in Louisiana for failing to report that former governor Edwin Edwards extorted $400,000 from him for a casino license. He agreed to pay $1 million in penalties, serve 2 years of probation and testify in future trials against Edwards.
    (SFC, 10/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 6, In Riverside, Ca., a former parks employee burst into City Hall and opened fire. Joseph Neale Jr. (48) wounded the mayor and 2 Council members and was himself wounded by police along with 2 others.
    (SFC, 10/7/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 6, In Colombia Norbert Reinhart (49), owner of the Canadian Terramundo drilling Co., exchanged himself for his employee, foreman Ed Leonard, who was being held for ransom by rebels.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 6, In Congo rebel commander Richard Mondo told reporters that artillery rounds had been fired into Kindu and that advance units had crossed the Lualaba River. At least 18 government soldiers were reported killed.
    (AP, 10/7/98)
1998        Oct 6, In Germany the Christian Democrats named Wolfgang Schaeuble as party leader.
    (WSJ, 10/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 6, In Nigeria attacks by Niger Delta protesters shut down the Shell and ENI pipelines. Anger over pollution of cropland and fishing grounds was growing.
    (WSJ, 10/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 6, In Pakistan 6 people were killed in Karachi in sectarian violence.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 6, Syria anointed army chief Emile Lahoud as Lebanon’s president.
    (WSJ, 10/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 6, In Russia a nationwide demonstration against overdue wages, inflation and lost jobs was scheduled.
    (AP, 10/7/98)

1998        Oct 7, Robert McDonough (76) donated $30 million to Georgetown Univ. He made his fortune in the temporary employment business.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 7, The US Justice Department filed a lawsuit against Visa and MasterCard, the nation's largest credit card networks, alleging that they stifled competition in the credit card industry. A judge later ruled that the Visa and MasterCard associations had to allow their member banks to issue other credit cards.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/03)   
1998        Oct 7, In Laramie, Wyo., Matthew Shepard (22), a gay student at the University of Wyoming, was found beaten, burned and tied to a wooden ranch fence. Police arrested Russel Arthur Henderson (21) and Aaron McKinney for attempted murder, kidnapping and robbery. Also picked up as accessories to the charges were Chastity Vera Pasley (20) and Kristen Leann Price (18). Shepard died Oct 12. Pasley was sentenced in 1999 to 15-24 months in jail for lying to police and destroying evidence. [See Oct 12]
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A11)(AP, 10/7/99)
1998        Oct 7, Ted Hughes, poet laureate of England, won the $16,930 Forward Prize for best poetry collection for his "Birthday Letters."
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.E3)
1998        Oct 7, In Israel at the Gaza border Arafat and Netanyahu met with US Sec. Albright and agreed to an Oct 15 summit meeting with Pres. Clinton.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 7, In Japan Pres. Kim Dae Jung of South Korea urged the 2 countries to work together.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 7, Gen’l. Jehangir Karamat resigned 2 days after advocating a direct political role for the military.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 7, In Serbia Milosevic’s government began preparing for a NATO attack.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 7, In Russia the anti-Yeltsin protests turned out only some 600,000 people. Zyuganov said secret police records indicated that 36 million people turned out for the anti-Yeltsin demonstrations.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A7)

1998        Oct 8, The Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to Jose Saramago (75) of Portugal. His work included "The History of the Siege of Lisbon" (1989), "Blindness," "Memorial do Convento" (Baltasar and Blimunda, 1982), "The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis" (1984), "The Stone Raft" and "Journey to Portugal."
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.16A)(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1998        Oct 8, The House triggered an open-ended impeachment inquiry against President Clinton in a momentous 258-176 vote; 31 Democrats joined the Republican majority in opening the way for nationally televised impeachment hearings.
    (AP, 10/8/99)
1998        Oct 8, On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average continued falling and was down 275 points at one time but rallied to close down only 10 points at 7731.91. The market turned on news that interest rates would come down.
1998        Oct 8, In Port Arthur, Texas, an incinerating plant operated by Waste Management began burning a diluted batch of napalm.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.20A)
1998        Oct 8, Astronomers reported sighting galaxies 12 billion light-years away using the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) on the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.10A)
1998        Oct 8, In France a wildcat transportation strike went into its 3rd day.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)
1998        Oct 8, Iran border troops claimed a victory and said it inflicted heavy casualties over Taliban militia. The Taliban denied any fighting.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.14A)
1998        Oct 8, In Israel one man was killed during a clash in Hebron where Palestinians observed a general strike against Israel’s 8-day blockade of the town.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)
1998        Oct 8, In Japan Prime Minister Obuchi issued an apology to the people of South Korea for 35 years of brutal colonial rule. Pres. Kim Dae-jung of South Korea accepted the written apology, the first ever issued by Japan to an individual country for its actions during WW II.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)
1998        Oct 8, In Kosovo, Serbia, ethnic Albanian rebels declared a unilateral cease-fire.
    (SFC, 10/9/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 8, In northeastern Spain and excursion boat capsized and sank on Lake Banyoles and 20 French tourists were drowned.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 9, US diplomats met twice with Yugoslav Pres. Milosevic to resolve the crises in Kosovo and avert a NATO attack.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 9, Ricky Shetler, a Louisiana casino consultant, pleaded guilty in federal court to conspiring to funnel $500,000 in cash and material goods to former Gov. Edwin Edwards and his son Stephen beginning in 1993.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A7)
1998        Oct 9, In Colombia tens of thousands of public employees continued their 3-day-old strike after the government declared the walkout illegal. The strike was called against cuts in public spending and a wage increase cap of 14% for next year.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 9, The weekly Der Spiegel reported that spinach grown near the nuclear reprocessing plant in Sellafield, England, had doses of technetium-99 that was 7 times above EU food standards. Greenpeace in April had demonstrated that game pigeons in the area were irradiated.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A9)
1998        Oct 9, In Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu appointed Ariel Sharon (70) as foreign minister.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(AP, 10/9/99)
1998        Oct 9, In Italy the center-left coalition of Premier Romano Prodi lost a vote of confidence by one vote. Pres. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro asked Prodi to continue leading a temporary government.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 9, Russia appealed to the EU for relief aid in the face of its worst harvest in 45 years. The US and Canada were also asked for help.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)

1998        Oct 10, David Sheldon Boone (46), a former Pentagon analyst, was arrested for selling top defense secrets to the former Soviet Union. He was lured back to the US from Germany.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 10, Clark Clifford (91), former Defense Secretary and presidential counselor, died.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.A2)(AP, 10/10/99)
1998        Oct 10, In Congo Tutsi rebels shot down a Boeing 727 Lignes Aeriennes Congolaises airliner following takeoff from Kindu. Airline officials said there were 38 passengers, mostly women and children. Rebels claimed the passengers were soldiers. 41 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.A15)(AP, 6/11/13)
1998        Oct 10, In Mexico Gustavo Petricioli Iturbe, a former treasury secretary and ambassador to the US, died at age 70.
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, p.D10)

1998        Oct 11, Pope John Paul II bestowed sainthood on Edith Stein, a Jewish-born woman who became a Catholic nun and was executed by Nazis in the gas chambers of Auschwitz in 1942.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/11/99)
1998        Oct 11, Richard Holbrooke met again with Pres. Milosevic in an effort to avoid NATO attacks on Serbia due to the Serb stand on Kosovo.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 11, In Afghanistan the Taliban battled opposition forces for the 2nd day in the northeast Takhar province.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 11, In Azerbaijan Pres. Heydar Aliyev (75) was re-elected for another 5 year term with 76% of the vote. His nearest rival, Etibar Mamedov, won 12%.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 11, In Bosnia forensic experts began exhuming 274 bodies in the village of Donja Glumina. They were believed to be Bosnian Muslims killed in Srebrenica by Serbs in Jul 1995.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 11, In Congo Kindu fell to the rebels supported by Rwanda and Uganda.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.C2)
1998        Oct 11, In Greece populist Athens Mayor Dimitris Avramopoulos was expected to win a 2nd four year term. The Socialists were expected to maintain their grip on Parliament.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 12, A record 974-pound pumpkin won the Great Pumpkin Weigh-Off in Half Moon Bay, Ca. It was raised from an Atlantic Giant seed by Lincoln Mettler of Eatonville, Wa.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Oct 12, The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to 3 Americans, Robert F. Furchgott (82), Louis Ignarro (57) and Ferid Murad (62), for their work on nitric oxide gas in biochemical functions in the human body.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1,13)
1998        Oct 12, An American law protecting sea turtles was overturned by an appeals panel of the World Trade Organization  (WTO).
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 12, In Santa Monica, Ca., Horst Fietze, a German tourist, was killed by robbers as he strolled with his wife on an ocean promenade. In 2009 Paul Carpenter (31), a suspect in the murder, was arrested in Jamaica. Three others had already been convicted and sentenced for their roles in the killing.
    (SFC, 2/13/09, p.B6)
1998        Oct 12, Matthew Shepard (21), a gay student at the University of Wyoming, died in fort Collins, Colorado, five days after he was beaten and lashed to a fence; two men were charged with his murder. Russell Henderson later pleaded guilty to murder and kidnapping; a second suspect, Aaron McKinney, was convicted of felony murder, kidnapping and aggravated robbery. McKinney was sentenced to 2 life terms.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/99)(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A1)
1998        Oct 12, Canada planned to begin discussion with Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Liechtenstein for the first trans-Atlantic free-trade pact.
    (WSJ, 10/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 12, In France thousands of high-school students demonstrated for more teachers and school equipment.
    (WSJ, 10/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 12, In Iran the Khordad Foundation raised its reward for the killing of Salman Rushdie to $2.8 million.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 12, In Japan the parliament approved banking legislation that would allow the government to nationalize failing banks.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 12, A protest was planned at the Mexican border against plans to put low-level radioactive waste at Sierra Blanca in Texas, 16 miles from the border. This appeared to be in violation of the 1983 La Paz Treaty in which the US and Mexico agreed to reduce pollution within 60 miles of their common frontier.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)   
1998        Oct 12, In Sierra Leone a military court condemned 34 officers to death for their participation in a 1997 coup.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 12, Yugoslav Pres. Milosevic agreed to withdraw troops from Kosovo and allow int’l. verification as NATO prepared to authorize air strikes if he does not comply.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 13, In Conyers, Ga., Nancy Fowler (47) spoke her message from Mary, the mother of Jesus, to a crowd of over 100,000 pilgrims. It was the last of seven years of messages that Fowler said she received from the Virgin Mary.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 13, The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Robert B. Laughlin and Douglas Osheroff of Stanford, Horst L. Stormer of Columbia Univ. and Daniel C. Tsui of Princeton for their work on the fractional quantum Hall effect where groups of electrons act as if they are quarks.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A1,6)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)
1998        Oct 13, The Nobel Prize in chemistry went to Walter Kohn of UC Santa Barbara and John Pople (d.2004) of Northwestern Univ. for their work in computational chemistry.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A1)(SFC, 2/19/04, p.B7)
1998        Oct 13, The NBA suspended the first two weeks of the 1998-99 pro basketball season after collective bargaining talks broke off.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/99)
1998        Oct 13, The New York Yankees won the American League pennant with a 9-5 victory over the Cleveland Indians in Game 6 of their championship series.
    (AP, 10/13/99)
1998        Oct 13, White House and congressional budget bargainers continued to seek agreement on issues snarling a $500 billion bill for the new fiscal year.
    (AP, 10/13/99)
1998        Oct 13, Eric Robert Rudolph, a suspect in the bombing of a Birmingham, Ala. abortion clinic, was reported to be linked to the 1996 Olympics bombing and would be charged for that and 2 other bombings in Atlanta.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 13, It was reported that Dutch auditors chastised the prime minister and other officials for spending $40 million to acquire the Piet Mondrian painting: "Victory Boogie Woogie."
    (WSJ, 10/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 13, In the West Bank an Israeli man, Itamar Doron (24) was killed and another wounded by suspected terrorists. The slaying prompted Prime Minister Netanyahu   to declare that there was no chance of signing a new peace deal with the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 13, In Mexico a gas explosion in Tultepec killed at least 16 people and wounded dozens. The blast was related to the manufacture of illegal fireworks.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 13, Serbian authorities announced that elections will be held in Kosovo under int’l. supervision next year. NATO authorized air strikes if Milosevic does no comply with UN demands.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/16/98, p.A14)

1998        Oct 14, Amartya K. Sen (64), a philosophy and economics researcher from India, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work in exploring the causes of poverty and famine. He had just left Harvard Univ. to take over Trinity College in Cambridge, England.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/15/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 14, The San Diego Padres won the National League championship over the Atlanta Braves, 5-0, in Game 6 of their championship series.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/14/99)
1998        Oct 14, The UN for a 7th year called for an end to the US economic embargo against Cuba. Only the US and Israel cast negative votes.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C4)
1998        Oct 14, Cleveland Amory, author and animal rights pioneer, died at age 81 in Manhattan. His work included the trilogy on social history: "The Proper Bostonians," "The Last Resorts," and "Who Killed Society."
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)(AP, 10/14/99)
1998        Oct 14, Frankie Yankovic (83), the Polka King from Cleveland, died in Tampa, Fla. He played a Slovenian-style polka on the accordion with clarinet and saxophone as opposed to the Polish style which uses the accordion with trumpets and has a faster beat. His hits included "In Heaven There Is No Beer."
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C6)(AP, 10/14/99)
1998        Oct 14, In Canada the finance minister said that the first budget surplus in 28 years would be used to pay down debt, reduce taxes, and invest in health care.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 14, China and Taiwan held their first talks since 1993 and said they were working toward reunification.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 14, In Colombia Saul Albaraz (29), a journalist, was shot to death in Medellin.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D3)
1998        Oct 14, Germany’s new government proposed to scrap the 1913 citizenship law based on blood ties. The coalition agreed to promote controlled distribution of heroin to long-term addicts and to work for expanded rights for gay couples.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 14, In the Philippines Typhoon Zeb killed 21 people and forced some 31,000 from their homes. The death toll went up to 70. It moved on to Taiwan where 20 people were killed and Japan where 12 died.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C4)(WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 14, In Russia Premier Primakov said that the government has created a $600 million emergency food reserve.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 14, In Serbia police shut down the Danas newspaper, as well as the independent Dvevni Telegraph in Belgrade. NATO positioned warplanes in Italy for a possible attack.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 14, In Turkey the draft budget was unveiled and it was admitted that IMF targets would not be reached. Inflation for 1999 was targeted to 35% after reaching 100% in early 1998. 1998 growth was measured at 4.5%.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)
1998        Oct 14, In Zimbabwe Pres. Robert Mugabe that he will meet with Kabila to discuss support against the rebels in Congo.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A15)

1998        Oct 15, Pres. Clinton opened the Mideast summit talks in Maryland between Arafat and Netanyahu in Washington that resulted in the Wye River land-for-peace agreement.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/15/99)
1998        Oct 15, The US Congress and Pres. Clinton agreed to a $500 billion budget that included funds for 100,000 new teachers and emergency funds for farmers and $18 billion for the IMF. This ending a week of election-season budget brinkmanship.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.A3)(AP, 10/15/99)
1998        Oct 15, The Federal Reserve made surprise cuts in the discount rate and the overnight loan rate of banks by .25%. The move pushed the Dow Jones up 331 points.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/15/99)
1998        Oct 15, Pope John Paul marked his 20th anniversary with a new encyclical "Fides et Ratio," or Faith and Reason with the basic message of: Be not afraid of human reason. The 40,000 word treatisse emphasizes spiritual truth over technology.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.A17) (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 15, In Colombia some 200,000 people marched on the 8th day of a strike against the government’s planned austerity program.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 15, In France over 200,000 high-school students protested overcrowded classes, a shortage of teachers, over-loaded schedules, and ill-equipped, unsafe schools.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D2)
1998        Oct 15, In Germany the coalition parties agreed to open talks next year on a timetable for closing the country’s 19 nuclear power plants.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 15, From Indonesia it was reported that machete-wielding gangs have killed at least 153 people in Banyuwangi in recent months. The dead were accused of dabbling in black magic and denounced as evil sorcerers. The killings were reported to be spreading to the neighboring districts of Jember, Pasuruan, Situbondo, and the island of Madura.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 15, In Lebanon the parliament approved Gen’l. Emile Lahoud as president.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D2)
1998        Oct 15, In Norway up to 1 1/2 million workers were expected to strike for 2 hours to protest a government proposal to cut the annual vacation allowance by one day to 4 weeks.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A17)
1998        Oct 15, The Contact Group in Paris approved the Kosovo agreement. In Vienna the 54-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe agreed to oversee the 2,000-member ground verification mission. Serbian authorities suspended the Nasa Borba newspaper.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 15, Sudanese Foreign Minister Mustafa Osman Ismail said that Sudan will allow the UN to investigate any site alleged to be making chemical weapons.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A13)

1998        Oct 16, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to John Hume, head of the Irish Catholic Social Democratic and Labor Party, and to David Trimble, leader of the Protestant Ulster Unionist Party.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.D1)(AP, 10/16/99)
1998        Oct 16, US Congress passed legislation to extend copyrights for corporations to 95 years from 75, and for individuals to 70 years after death, rather than 50. It became known as the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. In 2003 the Supreme Court upheld the extension.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A1)(NW, 10/21/02, p.40)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A1)
1998        Oct 16, It was reported that a growing number of lobsters in Maine were being found sick and dying from undetermined causes.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 16, In Brazil imports exceeded exports by over 4% of the economy and the inflation rate exceeded that of the US. This indicated that the real was overpriced and that devaluation was needed.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 16, After receiving a Spanish extradition warrant, British police arrested former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in London for questioning about allegations that he had murdered Spanish citizens during his years in power. Pinochet was held for 16 months as courts decided whether he could be extradited to Spain; he was allowed in 2000 to return to Chile, where a court later held that he could not face charges because of his deteriorating health and mental condition.
    (AP, 10/16/03)
1998        Oct 16, In Colombia red ants, called "crazy ants" by farmers in the Santander and Boyaca provinces, had destroyed some 10,000 acres of crops and threatened an additional 100,000 acres.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 16, It was reported that Bobi Ladawa Mobutu, wife of Mobutu Sese Seko, and son, Nazanga, had established a Mobutu Family Foundation to carry out charitable programs in the US and Africa for young Africans. The former dictator was believed to have taken $10 billion from the Congo.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 16, In Haiti a former judge, Luckner Pierrex, was arrested for the 1982 slaying of journalist Richard Brisson.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998        Oct 16, In Italy Massimo D’Alema, head of the Democratic Left Party, was asked by Pres. Scalfaro to form a new government.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 16, It was reported that fires in Russia were burning in the Sikhote-Alin wildlife reserve and threatened Siberian tigers of which only an estimated 450 remained.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.C1)
1998        Oct 16, Serbian Pres. Milosevic was given an additional 10 days to withdraw forces from Kosovo and comply with UN demands.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 17, The New York Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the first game of the Baseball World Series 9 to 6.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 17, Jon Postel (55), an influential Internet pioneer, died. Since 1968 he had directed the network’s Internet assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) that allowed computers to be matched with web addresses. Two weeks before he died he submitted the framework for a new organization to succeed the IANA, a non-profit entity (ICANN) with an internationally diverse board of directors.
    (WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A22)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.68)
1998        Oct 17, Chilean officials lodged a formal complaint to Britain over the arrest of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, who arrested in a London medical clinic following a request from Spain for his extradition.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 17, In Malaysia Azizah Ismail, wife of Anwar Ibrahim, joined some ten thousand protestors demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Mohamad.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A20)
1998        Oct 17, In Nigeria a pipeline explosion near the town of Jesse killed some 700 people. Authorities believed that scavenger’s tools sparked the explosion.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.a1)(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)(AP, 10/17/08)

1998        Oct 18, The New York Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the 2nd game of the Baseball World Series 9 to 3.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 18, The new Steve Wynn $1.6 billion, 3,000 room Bellagio Casino opened in Las Vegas. It was built over the site of the old Dunes casino. It was named after the Italian town of Bellagio whose name means place of relaxation.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A1)(SFEM, 11/29/98, p.13)
1998        Oct 18, A weekend storm in Texas killed at least 14 people after 12 inches of rain fell. The death toll increased to 22 and later 28.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A2)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 18, In Colombia the Ocensa pipeline in Antioquia province near the village of Machuca exploded. The attack was attributed to the National Liberation Army and at least 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 18, In Egypt a train jumped its tracks in the town of Kafr el-Dawar and at least 47 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 18, In Macedonia elections were held and the opposition coalition later claimed victory by winning 44 seats of the 120-seat Assembly.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998        Oct 18, In Mexico the Zapatista rebels called for talks with the Cocopa group, a multi-party peace commission set up in 1994.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 18, In Oporto, Portugal, 21 member nations met for the Ibero-American summit. 19 Latin American countries were represented along with Spain and Portugal. A document was prepared urging the industrialized nations to help stave off economic recession.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A23)
1998        Oct 18, Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass at the Vatican marking the 20th anniversary of his election to the papacy.
    (AP, 10/18/99)

1998        Oct 19, The New York Yankees beat the San Diego Padres in the 3rd game of the Baseball World Series 5 to 4.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 19, The trial of Microsoft Corp. began in Washington on antitrust charges of stifling competition.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/99)
1998        Oct 19, In Miami, the first class-action lawsuit brought by smokers against the tobacco industry went to trial. Jurors later found the nation's largest cigarette makers and industry groups had produced a defective and deadly product.
    (AP, 10/19/99)
1998        Oct 19, In Colorado a series of arson fires were set at Vail. The Earth Liberation Front later claimed responsibility for the fires that caused $12 million in damage. In 2006 4 people were indicted for the Vail blaze. The same 4 had already been indicted for sabotage attacks in California, Oregon and Wyoming. 2 of the 4 were still at large.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 5/19/06, p.A4)
1998        Oct 19, In Tennessee Tommy Burks, the state incumbent Democrat Senator, was shot and killed at his 1,000 acre hog farm near Monterey. His rival, Byron (Low Tax) Looper, was arrested a week later for the killing.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1)
1998         Oct 19, Angolan rebel commander Arlindo Chenda Pena (b.1955) died of an illness in South Africa. In 2018 his remains were repatriated to Angola. Pena, known as "Ben Ben," was a rebel commander in UNITA, whose Portuguese acronym means the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycs8z4hk)(AP, 9/13/18)
1998        Oct 19, In Israel an assailant threw 2 hand grenades into the central bus station of Beersheba and injured at least 30 people. 67 people were wounded and the incident cast a pall over the peace negotiations in Washington. A Palestinian from the West Bank, Salem Rajab al-Sarsour (29), was caught and confessed. Israel suspended negotiations with the Palestinians on issues other than security after a bloody attack at an Israeli bus stop.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)(AP, 10/19/99)   
1998        Oct 19, In Congo 16 Zimbabwean soldiers were captured by the rebels.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)
1998        Oct 19, In Georgia an army mutiny failed after 200 troops opposed to Pres. Shevardnadze surrendered. 4 rebels and one government soldier were killed.
    (WSJ, 10/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 19, In Sierra Leone a firing squad executed 24 soldiers for taking part in the May, 1997, coup.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.C12)
1998        Oct 19, A Spanish judge filed a motion for the extradition of Gen’l. Pinochet from England that encompassed 94 cases of genocide, as well as the deaths of 79 Spaniards who were killed in Chile after being abducted by an alliance of south American intelligence services.
    (SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)

1998        Oct 20, President Clinton named John Podesta as his chief of staff, replacing Erskine Bowles.
    (AP, 10/20/99)
1998        Oct 20, King Hussein of Jordan, at the invitation of Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, joined Pres. Clinton to press for the Israeli-Palestinian compromise in Maryland.
    (WSJ, 10/21/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/99)
1998        Oct 20, In Colombia Jose Ortega, vice president of the Unitary Workers’ Federation, was shot and killed. The killing prompted a wildcat strike by thousands of private-sector workers.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)
1998        Oct 20, In France over 300,000 high-school students demonstrated for smaller classes and more teachers. There was scattered violence.
    (WSJ, 10/21/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 20, In Germany the new government announced a coalition agreement with a plan to reform taxes, increase employment, and raise gasoline taxes.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 20, In Guatemala the former rebels of the National Revolutionary Unity (URVG) asked to be recognized as a political party.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)
1998        Oct 20, In Switzerland officials announced that they seized over $90 million from Raul Salinas after an investigations revealed that the money was received for protecting drug shipments. Swiss authorities requested that Britain seize an additional $23.4 million deposited in England.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 21, The New York Yankees swept the World Series in the 4th game over the San Diego Padres 3 to 0.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.D1)
1998        Oct 21, Pres. Clinton signed a $520 billion spending bill that provided $17.9 billion for the IMF and $1.1 billion as a down payment for new teachers. It was shipped to him just before the 105th Congress recessed. The CIA received a supplemental $1.8 billion.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 10/22/98, p.A9)(AP, 10/21/99)
1998        Oct 21, Dr. Jane Henney was confirmed as US FDA commissioner.
    (AP, 10/21/99)
1998        Oct 21, A report outlined why Pierre Sane, head of Amnesty Int’l., targeted the US this year for human rights abuses.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 21, A radical environmental group, the Earth Liberation Front, claimed responsibility for fires that caused $12 million in damage at the nation's busiest ski resort in Vail, Colo.
    (AP, 10/21/99)
1998        Oct 21, In France the government announced emergency plans to improve conditions in the high schools.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C3)
1998        Oct 21, In Guinea-Bissau heavy artillery fire rocked the capital and rebels claimed to have captured Bafata, the 2nd largest town.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)
1998        Oct 21, Typhoon Babs killed 4 people in the central Philippines. Another 11 were killed on the southern tip of Luzon. A total of 156 people were killed including 71 from landslides on Catanduanes Island.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A20)(SFC, 10/26/98, p.A7)
1998        Oct 21, The European Commission approved a $180 million aid package for Turkey.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)
1998        Oct 21, In French Guiana the 3rd European Ariana 5 test rocket was launched at Kourou. It successfully simulated the launch of a mockup satellite.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.B2)
1998        Oct 21, Turkey and Syria signed an accord whereby Syria agreed to brand the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) as a terrorist group.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)

1998        Oct 22, The US government announced one of the biggest toys recalls ever, advising parents to remove batteries from Fisher-Price Power Wheels cars and trucks because of faulty wiring.
    (AP, 10/22/99)
1998        Oct 22, The US government announced a $1 billion settlement with diesel engine manufacturers for violations of environmental laws.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 22, At Cape Canaveral Orbital Sciences launched a Brazilian satellite from a Pegasus rocket aboard a modified jumbo jet. The satellite will monitor environmental devices throughout Brazil.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 22, In Texas the Natural Resource Conservation Commission voted against issuing a license for a radioactive waste dump at Sierra Blanca, 16 miles from the Mexican border.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 22, The US National Academy of Sciences released a report that called for forcefully reducing fish catches due to dwindling fish populations.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 22, Scientists at Columbia Univ. announced research that showed monkeys can count.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A9)
1998        Oct 22-1998 Nov 9, Hurricane Mitch was one of the Caribbean's deadliest storms ever causing at least at least 9,000 deaths in Central America. The storm hit Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Jamaica, and Costa Rica.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)
1998        Oct 22, In Guyana police and US anti-drug agents seized 3 tons of cocaine aboard a cargo ship bound for Europe. It was a record bust for Guyana.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A19)
1998        Oct 22, In Indonesia Astra Int’l., the nation’s biggest auto assembler, told creditors that it must stop paying interest on $1.4 billion in loans due to the economic downturn.
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 22, In Croatia a 2nd clerk revealed that Pres. Franco Tudjman’s wife, Ankica Tudjman, had deposited nearly $300,000 into her bank account over the last 2 years. Robert Horvat and Ankica Lepej were to be indicted for violating bank secrecy laws. Mrs. Tudjman was a pensioner who ran a children’s charity.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.D3)
1998        Oct 22, In Kosovo 4 refugees, that included 3 children, were killed trying to cross the Albanian border. Pres. Milosevic claimed that he had met NATO demands to pull Serb forces out of Kosovo.
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 22, In Nigeria 6 people died in clashes between the ethnic Ijaw and Itshekiri youths in the oil town of Warri.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A19)

1998        Oct 23, The "BookTalk" telephone hotline to various authors, founded by David Knight, was described. Dial 818-788-9722 to listen to a variety of authors speak their mind.
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)
1998        Oct 23, An American brokered peace deal was reached at the Wye Plantation in Maryland between Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu. Israeli and Palestinian extremists denounced the deal. Land for the Palestinians was exchanged for security guarantees to the Israelis backed by the American CIA. Pres. Clinton agreed to release Jonathan Pollard, who was jailed 11 years ago on charges of spying for Israel.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1,10,13)(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A17)
1998        Oct 23, Researchers reported the complete genetic sequence of the bacteria chlamydia trachomatis.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A3)
1998        Oct 23, Dr. Barnett Slepian, an obstetrician, gynecologist and abortion practitioner, was gunned down in his kitchen in Amherst, N.Y. James Charles Kopp (44), aka "Atomic Dog," was later sought in relation to the killing. In 1999 a warrant was issued for Kopp's arrest. Kopp was arrested in France in 2001. Kopp was returned to the US in 2002 and pleaded not guilty. In 2003 Kopp was found guilty of 2nd degree murder.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/98, p.A7)(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/30/01, p.A3)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A5)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A1)
1998        Oct 23, Typhoon Babs pummeled the northern Philippines, killing at least 189.
    (AP, 10/23/99)
1998        Oct 23, In Colombia Jesus Fernandez, alleged ringleader of the Norte del Valle drug cartel, was arrested in Medellin. He was also wanted by the US.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 23, In Iran voters selected the 86-member Assembly of Experts, who in  turn will select the supreme leader of the country. Candidates for the Assembly were tested and graded on Islamic law by the 12-member Council of Guardians, who were in turn appointed by the supreme leader. The turnout was low and Conservatives won at least 54 of the 86 seats.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A14)(SFC, 10/26/98, p.A7)
1998        Oct 23, Peru and Ecuador settled their border dispute with a line along the Cordellera de Condor mountain range. Contiguous national parks were to be created in the disputed area. Tiwintza Hill, allocated to Peru, was to be granted as private property to Ecuador.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 23, In Kosovo, Serbia, 4 people were killed trying to cross into Albania when they stepped on mines.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A10)
1998        Oct 23, In Turkey 5 Kurdish rebels burned themselves to death in loyalty to their leader Abdullah Ocalan, who was expelled from Syria.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A14)

1998        Oct 24, Officials from the US, China and North and South Korea seeking a permanent peace for the divided Korean peninsula announced in Geneva they had removed the last obstacles to full-blown talks.
    (AP, 10/24/03)
1998        Oct 24, A natural gas well exploded in Bryceland, La., and killed 7 workers.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A4)
1998        Oct 24-25, Weekend storms struck Britain and at least 11 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A8)

1998        Oct 25, US Congress passed the Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.35)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_Order_13128)
1998        Oct 25, Thousands came to Oklahoma City for the ground-breaking ceremony of a memorial to the 1995 bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. Vice President Al Gore participated.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A3)(AP, 10/25/99)
1998        Oct 25, In Chechnya Shadid Bargishev (27), the top anti-kidnapping official, was killed in a remote-controlled car bombing. He was about as to begin a major offensive on hostage takers.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A7)
1998        Oct 25, In Israel West Bank settlers formally broke ties with Prime Minister Netanyahu over the new peace accord. In Ramallah Wasim Tarifi (17) was killed during a Fatah youth protest.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 25, NATO generals left Belgrade with more assurances from Pres. Milosevic that enough forces will be withdrawn by the 27th deadline to avoid air strikes.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A6)

1998        Oct 25-1998 Oct 31, Hurricane Mitch hit the western Caribbean. Later reports put the death toll in Honduras to 7,000. In Nicaragua the deaths reached 1,950, in Guatemala it was157, and in El Salvador it was 222. The storm parked over Honduras and rain poured for 6 days straight. A Windjammer yacht with 31 people onboard was also reported lost in the storm.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A11)(SFC, 10/29/98, p.A13)(SFC, 10/30/98, p.A14)(SFC, 11/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/6/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 26, The Education Department reported that the default rate on student loans had fallen into single digits for the first time.
    (AP, 10/26/99)
1998        Oct 26, Nutrient pollution known as eutrophication, the overabundance of nitrogen and phosphorus, was noted on the Chesapeake Bay and estuaries around the world. A 7,000 sq. mile dead zone was reported to spread every summer across the Gulf of Mexico from the mouth of the Mississippi. In 2007 Louisiana crabbers complained of buckets of dead crabs and the condition in the Gulf of Mexico was expected to get worse due to rising demand for ethanol and increased corn production in Corn Belt states, which called for more nitrogen use.
    (SFC, 10/25/98, p.A3)(SFC, 12/20/07, p.A26)
1998        Oct 26, Hurricane Mitch turned category 5 with 180-mph winds and threatened the coast of Honduras.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 26, In Afghanistan the Taliban ordered an investigation of Osama bin Laden.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B2)
1998        Oct 26, In Croatia a jury reversed itself after 2 weeks and crowned a new Miss Croatia, a member of the Catholic majority. Lejla Sehovic, the original winner, was a Muslim.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B5)
1998        Oct 26, Cyprus announced that it had begun building a naval base, apparently destined for use by Greek warships.
    (WSJ, 10/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 26, Ecuador and Peru signed a peace treaty in Brazil and settled their land dispute. The agreement defined a 49-mile border left undrawn in a 1942 treaty.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B5)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)
1998        Oct 26, A UN panel reported that the Iraqi government lied to UN weapons inspectors about its nerve gas arsenal and had loaded the VX nerve agent on at least 2 warheads during the Persian Gulf War.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)
1998        Oct 26, In Israel 2 Palestinian gunmen killed Danny Vargas (28) in Hebron. In retaliation a 69-year-old Palestinian man was killed outside the Jewish settlement of Itamar.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 26, Russian President Boris Yeltsin was ordered by his doctors to cancel a one-day trip to Austria so he could recuperate from high blood pressure and extreme fatigue.
    (AP, 10/26/99)
1998        Oct 26, In Kosovo Serb forces appeared to be withdrawing under the threat of NATO air strikes.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)

1998        Oct 27, Pres. Clinton signed the Curt Flood Act to override the 1922 Supreme Court ruling that exempted baseball from antitrust laws. The new act revoked the exemption only for labor relations.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A2)
1998        Oct 27, Hurricane Mitch cut through the western Caribbean, pummeling coastal Honduras and Belize; the storm caused several thousand deaths in Central America in the days that followed.
    (AP, 10/27/99)
1998        Oct 27, In Brazil Pres. Cardoso pledged to cut $7 billion from the federal budget next year. The debt roll over was expected to be $333 billion.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 27, In Canada the National Post began operations as a new national daily under the control of media tycoon Conrad Black.
    (WSJ, 10/26/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 27, In England Ian McEwan was awarded the $34,000 Booker prize for his novel "Amsterdam." A funeral brings together the former lovers of a dead woman, two of whom gang up on a third. The work includes a detailed look at the workings of professional music and journalism.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.E3)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)
1998        Oct 27, In Germany Gerhard Schroeder was confirmed as chancellor.
    (WSJ, 10/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 27, Palestinian security forces arrested 2 gunmen in the West Bank who reportedly confessed to the killing of Danny Vargas as well as the murder of another Israeli on Oct 13.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 27, Serb forces drew back from former Kosovo battlefronts, holding off the immediate threat of NATO airstrikes.
    (AP, 10/27/99)

1998        Oct 28, Ted Hughes, British poet, died at age 68. His work included 35 books of poems, 3 works of prose, 2 opera libretti, and 4 stage plays. In 2007 Christopher Reid edited “Letters of Ted Hughes." In 2015 Jonathan Bate authored “Ted Hughes: The Unauthorized Life."
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.90)
1998        Oct 28, The life expectancy in Botswana was reported to have dropped from 61 in 1993 to 47 due to the AIDS epidemic.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 28, Brazil unveiled an $84 million austerity package that included a tax on government pensions.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 28, Britain’s High Court ruled that Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet could not be tried in England for anything he did in Chile. Pinochet was still held pending an appeal. The House of Lords later overturned the decision, saying Pinochet's arrest could stand. Pinochet was eventually allowed to return to Chile, where a court later held that he could not face charges because of his deteriorating health and mental condition. Pinochet died in 2006.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/28/08)
1998        Oct 28, In Burundi 34 people were killed south of the capital.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 28, In China the new $400 million Wanjiazhai dam on the Yellow River was to begin producing hydroelectric power.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.D5)
1998        Oct 28, Colombian Pres. Pastrana met with Pres. Clinton in Washington and agreed to expand the fight against drugs.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 28, In Indonesia some 8,000 students staged a sit-in in Jakarta and demanded the B.J. Habibie step down.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 28, In Israel a bomb aimed at a busload of school children exploded in the Gaza Strip and 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 28, Four Slovak opposition parties formed a centre-right coalition government under Mikulas Dzurinda.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A14)(Econ, 3/27/04, p.52)
1998        Oct 28, In South Africa the 3,500 page report of the Truth and Reconciliation Committee was formally handed over from Desmond Tutu to Pres. Mandela. It was based on years of testimony from the people who ran the 1960-1994 white-government and their victims.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A13)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 28, The Inter-American Development Bank approved a $400 million loan to help Venezuela adopt economic reforms while battling the effects of low oil revenues.
    (WSJ, 10/29/98, p.A13)
1998        Oct 28, In Zimbabwe it was reported that 1 in 5 adults was infected with the AIDS virus.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A12)

1998        Oct 29, The US government cleared the powerful drug tamoxifen as a way for healthy women at very high risk of breast cancer to cut their odds of getting a tumor.
    (AP, 10/29/99)
1998        Oct 29, The shuttle Discovery blasted off with 6 crew mates including John Glenn (77), the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 29, An Oscar Mayer meat packing plant in Michigan sliced and packaged products that later killed 9 people and caused 3 stillbirths due to listeria contamination.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.A4)
1998        Oct 29, Five nations endorsed the oil pipeline from the Caspian to the Mediterranean Sea. Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakstan and Uzbekistan committed to the 1,080 mile conduit with a push from the US.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 29, In Ireland the deadline for the creation of a new North-South Ministerial Council faced delay due to a despite over disarmament. An estimated 100 ton arsenal including several tons of Semtex was still hidden on both sides of the border.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 29, Palestinian authorities arrested the leader of Hamas, Sheik Yassin, following a suicide bombing aimed at a busload of Jewish settler children.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Oct 29, South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission condemned both apartheid and violence committed by the African National Congress.
    (AP, 10/29/99)
1998        Oct 29, In Goteberg, Sweden, a fire burned a discotheque with hundreds of teenagers and 63 people were killed. In 2000 four young men were sentenced to prison terms of 3-8 years.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/4/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/9/00, p.A15)

1998        Oct 30, The Group of Seven industrial nations endorsed Pres. Clinton’s plan to protect healthy nations from currency and stock market upheavals with a new IMF strategy.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 30, Four abortion clinics in 3 states, Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee, received letters claiming to contain deadly anthrax bacteria. The letters were tested and found to be free of anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A3)(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A11)
1998        Oct 30, David Bower (86) of the US and Mikhail Budyko of Russia won the $427,600 Blue Planet Prize, awarded by the Asahi Glass Foundation of Japan for their work in solving environmental problems.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A8)   
1998        Oct 30, The UN extended its 460-member peacekeeping force in the Western Sahara over land contested between Morocco and the Algerian-based Polisario Front.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct 30-1998 Nov 1, Hurricane Mitch caused a major mud slide in Nicaragua when the Casita Volcano crater lake in Posoltega overflowed. The death toll was estimated in the thousands. In Honduras Mayor Cesar Castellanos of Tegucigalpa and 3 others were killed in a helicopter crash while surveying the flood damage where hundreds were estimated killed.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A1,17)(AP, 10/30/99)
1998        Oct 30, In Pakistan Prime Minister Sharif dismissed the Sindh provincial government and imposed federal rule following a fallout between the Pakistan Muslim League and the Muttaheda Qami Movement over the recent killing of Hakim Said, a critic of the MQM and a leading physician.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 30, Spanish judges ruled that Spain has the legal right to bring criminal charges against Augusto Pinochet and to seek his extradition from Britain.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A12)
1998        Oct 30, In Turkey anti-terrorist squads shot an airline hijacker to death and freed 38 passengers.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A18)

1998        Oct 31, A genetic study was released suggesting President Thomas Jefferson fathered at least one child by his slave Sally Hemings.
    (AP, 10/31/99)
1998        Oct 31, The US and Israel signed a strategic cooperation agreement to protect the Jewish state from ballistic missiles.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A23)
1998        Oct 31, Abe Hirschfeld, New York real estate magnate, handed Paula Jones a $1 million check to cash for settlement of the sexual harassment case against Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A4)
1998        Oct 31, Stephanie Condon (14) vanished while babysitting a cousin's twins in Riddle, Oregon. Her remains were found in 2009 in Glide, Ore., about 30 miles from Riddle. Dale Wayne Hill, was arrested in Dayton, Nev., on March 25, 2009, on a charge of failure to register as a felon. He was the last person known to have seen her alive.
    (AP, 3/25/09)
1998        Oct 31, In Congo it was reported that a lightning bolt killed all 11 members of a soccer team in eastern Kasai province.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct 31, Iraq said that it was suspending all cooperation with int’l. arms inspectors and would close down their long-term monitoring operations in response to a Security Council rejection of demands that a review of its relations with the UN should automatically result in a lifting of sanctions. The move condemned by the Security Council.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A21)(AP, 10/31/99)
1998        Oct 31, In Northern Ireland Brian Service (35) was killed in Belfast. Later the Red Hand Defenders claimed responsibility. A red-colored hand is the traditional symbol of the province of Ulster.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A14)
1998        Oct 31, In Pakistan the government planned to use direct rule in Karachi, where near daily violence this year has left 750 people dead.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A16)
1998        Oct 31, In Russia the government approved an economic plan that centered on tax cuts, bank rescues, state intervention and printing more rubles.
    (SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A21)

1998        Oct, The US Congress passed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act in an effort to clamp down on the free-for-all world of Net music.
    (WSJ, 6/20/00, p.B1)
1998        Oct, An 4,000 page US appropriations bill was passed that included one sentence to allow anyone to request "all data produced" by a published study paid with public funds.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.B1)
1998        Oct, The Deep Space I mission was launched. It would make a 2-year tour of the outer solar system propelled by an ion-propulsion system.
    (SFC, 8/28/97, p.A2)( www.space.com)
1998        Oct, The board of directors for ICANN was seated. The Clinton administration created ICANN, the Internet Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers. It had been run by Jon Postel (d.1998), director of the Computer Networks Division at Information Sciences Institute at the Univ. of Southern Calif. ICANN was expected to become independent in 2006.
    (WSJ, 11/5/99, p.B5)(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.B6)(Econ, 11/20/04, p.66)
1998        Oct, Austria’s BAWAG bank lost some $600 million following a disastrous bet on the yen. Losses were covered by taking money from the strike fund of OGB, the federation of trade unions that owned the bank. In 2007 Helmut Elsner, head of BAWAG, went on trial along with 8 others including Walter Flottl, the former head of BAWAG, and Flottl’s son, and independent banker who arranged the yen trades.
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.73)
1998        Oct, In Britain the Jenkins commission on electoral reform proposed an alternative, proportional system for general elections.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/255179.stm)
1998        Oct, In the Congo the new constitution was scheduled to be completed.
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A15)
1998        Oct, US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty began broadcasting Radio Free Iraq daily from Prague.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.C1)(AP, 11/30/09)
1998        Oct, The Italian freighter Pallas caught fire in the North Sea and leaked some 10-15 tons of oil. Hundreds of birds along the northern coast of Germany were killed by the resulting oil slick.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A8)
1998        Oct, South Korea lifted its ban on importing Japanese comic books, magazines, and movies. It was the first phase of a gradual opening to Japanese pop culture.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A15)
1998        Oct, In South Africa Parliament approved one of the world’s toughest anti-smoking laws.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.C3)
1998        Oct, A 5-year study by a Canadian government research group found high levels of dioxin in the soil, fish and animal tissue, and the blood of people born after the war in the Aluoi Valley in central Quang Tri province of Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A20)

1998        Nov 1, John Kagwe of Kenya won the NY Marathon for the second consecutive year in 2:8:45. Franca Fiacconi of Italy won among the women in 2:25:17.
    (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/1/99)
1998        Nov 1, Weekend rain caused severe flooding in central Kansas and Oklahoma. The Whitewater and Walnut Rivers topped a 35-foot levee.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A3)
1998        Alfred Mitchell Bingham, founder of the Depression-era socialist magazine "Common Sense," died at age 93.
    (WSJ, 11/6/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 1, In Bangladesh the first Peace Corps volunteers arrived. 17 US college will study Bangla, the local language, for 3 months and then teach English to school teachers.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 1, In Colombia some 1,000 rebels attacked a police base in Mitu, capital of Vaupes province with missiles shaped from propane cylinders. As many as 60 officers were believed killed. 80 police officers were reported killed and 45 taken prisoner by the FARC rebels.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/2/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/3/98, p.A9)
1998        Nov 1, In Guatemala 10 Americans were killed when their C-47 cargo plane crashed while on a mission to distribute medicines and medical care.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A11)
1998        Nov 1, In Macedonia a 2nd round of elections was scheduled. Right-wing parties unseated the ruling ex-Communists.
    (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 1, The military arm of the radical Islamic group Hamas made an unprecedented threat against Yasser Arafat, demanding the Palestinian leader halt a crackdown against it, or face violent vengeance.
    (AP, 11/1/99)

1998        Nov 2, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates took center stage at his company's antitrust trial, appearing on videotape inside a federal courtroom in Washington.
    (AP, 11/2/99)
1998        Nov 2, The death toll from Hurricane Mitch continued to rise with 174 killed in El Salvador, 100 in Guatemala, 0ver 1,500 in Nicaragua and over 5,500 in Honduras. Central American officials estimated more than 7,000 people had died in floods and mudslides triggered by Hurricane Mitch.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A1,11)(AP, 11/2/99)
1998        Nov 2, In Guinea-Bissau the government and rebels signed an agreement to end the 5-month civil war.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.C12)
1998        Nov 2, Israel and Palestine agreed to delay their interim peace agreement to allow approval by the Israeli cabinet and parliament.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A8)
1998        Nov 2, In Malaysia the sex-and-politics trial of Anwar Ibrahim began.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 2, Mohammed Hashim Bakhtiari, the brother-in-law of former slain Afghan President Najibullah, was shot and killed in northwest Pakistan. Bakhtiari was returning to his home in a posh suburb of Peshawar when assailants opened fire with automatic rifles, police said. No one took responsibility for the killing.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.C12)(AP, 11/2/98)
1998        Nov 2, In Thailand 6 Buddhist worshippers were killed and dozens injured when 3 giant ceremonial incense sticks collapsed at the Phra Pathom Pagoda.
    (SFC, 11/2/98, p.A16)

1998        Nov 3, In US national elections, Democrats gained five House seats, trimming the Republican majority.
    (AP, 11/3/99)
1998        Nov 3, Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee (b.1955) was elected in a landslide.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.33)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/2hhsgo)
1998        Nov 3, In California Gray Davis was elected governor over Dan Lungren and Barbara Boxer retained her Senate seat from Mat Fong. Prop. 5, the Indian casino gambling issue, also won.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 3, San Francisco voters again endorsed the idea of district supervisors. Tom Ammiano led the Supervisor votes followed by Gavin Newsom, Mabel Teng, Mark Leno and Amos Brown. Voters approved Prop. E, which called for the demolition of the Central Freeway east of Market St.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A19)(SFC, 11/6/98, p.A21)(SSFC, 2/28/10, p.E3)
1998        Nov 3, Jeb Bush, son of former Pres. H.W. Bush, was elected governor of Florida.
    (SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1998        Nov 3, In Florida Maddie Clifton (8) was killed by Joshua Phillips (14) in Jacksonville. Phillips was sentenced to life in prison in 1999.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josh_Phillips_(murderer))(SFC, 8/21/99, p.A2)
1998        Nov 3, In Arkansas City, Kansas, a broken levee on the Walnut River flooded the town and forced some 2,000 people from their homes.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 3, In Minnesota Jesse "The Body" Ventura, a former wrestler, was elected governor.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 3, The medical marijuana issue was passed by voters in 4 states. The results from the District of Columbia were not released.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 3, The death toll from Hurricane Mitch grew to 9,000 in Honduras.
    (AP, 11/3/99)
1998        Nov 3, In Congo troops opened fire at a soccer match in Kinshasa and 4 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 11/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 3, In Spain Prime Minister Jose Aznar authorized preliminary talks with the Basque ETA.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A12)

1998        Nov 4, In the wake of disappointing election results in which House Republicans saw their majority trimmed, GOP lawmakers talked of quickly wrapping up impeachment proceedings against President Clinton and raised the prospect of challenges to Speaker Newt Gingrich and other party leaders.
    (AP, 11/4/99)
1998        Nov 4, A federal grand jury in Manhattan returned a 238-count indictment that charged Osama bin Laden for the US embassy bombings in Africa.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 4, Brazil set a minimum retirement age of 53 for men and 48 for women.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C5)
1998        Nov 4, In Colombia government forces retook Mitu after refueling in nearby Brazil. 5 guerrillas were reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 4, Israel announced that the security issue for the new peace agreement was resolved. They demanded the arrest of 30 Palestinian fugitives suspected of violence. Arafat said that 12 of the 30 were already under arrest.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C2)
1998        Nov 4, Russia announced that would ask creditors to extend its foreign debt, scheduled at $3.5 billion this year and $17.5 billion in 1999. The worst harvest in 45 years was blamed on a summer drought.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C2)
1998        Nov 4, In Russia Ivan Orlov (65) exploded his car in Red Square in a general protest against unpaid pensions and the state. Three Kremlin guards were injured. Orlov was jailed and died in prison on Dec 23 of heart failure.
    (WSJ, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 4, In Sierra Leone former Pres. Joseph Saidu Momoh was convicted of conspiracy to commit treason in the May 1997 coup.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 4, In Zimbabwe riots broke out in anger over rising prices, unemployment and involvement in the Congo war.
    (WSJ, 11/5/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 5, In Chico, Ca., 2 football players, Dereck Jonathan Phillips (19) and Trevor McDonald Bird (19) of Butte Comm. College, beat and killed Lloyd Brown (47), a local homeless man.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 5, In Eureka, Ca., Wayne Adam Ford (36), a truck driver, surrendered himself to the sheriff’s office and confessed to killing at least 4 women. He was finally brought to trial after several legal delays and was found guilty of four counts of first-degree murder on June 27, 2006, and was sentenced to death on August 11, 2006. 
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Adam_Ford)
1998        Nov 5, The UN Security Council unanimously demanded that Iraq resume cooperation with UN weapons inspectors.
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.A14)(AP, 11/5/99)
1998        Nov 5, The death toll from Hurricane Mitch was reduced to 6,076 in Honduras and increased to 4,000 in Nicaragua. Aid of $66 mil was ordered from the US, $8 mil from the EU, $11.6 mil from Spain along with pledges from other countries and private organizations.
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.A14)

1998        Nov 6, Pres. Clinton decided to lift most of the sanctions against India and Pakistan for their nuclear tests in May, as a reward for steps taken toward nuclear control agreements.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 6, Newt Gingrich told fellow lawmakers he intended to give up his bid for a third term as House Speaker, following unforeseen Republican losses in mid-term elections.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A1,4)(AP, 11/6/99)
1998        Nov 6, Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (d.2008 at 76), D-N.Y., announced he would not run for re-election in 2000.
    (AP, 11/6/08)
1998        Nov 6, Former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards (71) was charged in a 34-count federal indictment for trying to steer gambling licenses to associates in exchange for payoffs after he left office in 1996.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 6, Scientists reported the successful culture of human stem cells in research financed by Geron Corp. James Thomson of the Univ. of Wisconsin first isolated stem cells from human embryos. Science published this research in an article titled "Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Derived from Human Blastocysts."
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.A1,A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Thomson_%28cell_biologist%29) (Econ, 1/28/12, p.77)
1998        Nov 6, In Iraq at the Radwaniya prison west of Baghdad 63 prisoners were executed.
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)
1998        Nov 6, In Jerusalem a car bomb exploded at an outdoor market and 2 suicide bombers people were killed and 23 others injured. The peace accord was immediately put on hold by the Israeli cabinet. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/6/98, p.D4)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 6, In Kosovo 5 ethnic Albanians were killed in a shootout with Serbian police after they left a meeting with US diplomat Chris Hill at Dragobil. Two others were killed the day before.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A13)(SFC, 12/10/98, p.C9)
1998        Nov 6, In Russia the government signed a $625 million aid package with the US. Half the food would be free and the other half paid back under a 20-year loan. A deal with foreign creditors on debt was reached and an $800 million loan from Japan was accepted.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 6, Rwanda’s Vice Pres. Paul Kagame admitted to helping rebel forces in Congo.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A12)

1998        Nov 7, A scant four years after leading Republicans to glory, House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced he would resign not just his speakership but also his seat in the House.
    (AP, 11/7/08)
1998        Nov 7, The shuttle Discovery landed in Cape Canaveral, Fla. After 9 days in space. 77-year-old John Glenn returned to Earth aboard the space shuttle Discovery, visibly weak but elated after the mission.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A2)(AP, 11/7/99)
1998        Nov 7, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana planned to complete the evacuation of government troops from a southern guerrilla stronghold for 90 days to facilitate talks with the rebel FARC. The rebels took control of 5 municipalities straddling Caqueta and Meta provinces, an area the size of Switzerland.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.C1)
1998        Nov 7, Japan offered more than $9 million in aid to Cuba with most of the money as a direct donation to buy rice. A 5 month drought followed by Hurricane Georges caused heavy agricultural losses.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A28)

1998        Nov 8, Rep. Bob Livingston, R-La., predicted he would succeed Newt Gingrich as House Speaker. He was elected to the post but resigned before taking office after admitting to marital infidelities.
    (AP, 11/8/99)
1998        Nov 8, Four Navy fliers were lost at sea and presumed dead after their EA-6B Prowler struck an S-3 Viking aircraft on the carrier Enterprise during nighttime landing practice off of Virginia. 2 crewmen landed safely on the deck.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 8, Jean Marais, French actor, died at age 84. His films included the 1946 "Beauty and the Beast" by Jean Cocteau (d.1963).
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A24)
1998        Nov 8, In Angola some 50 gunmen dressed in uniforms of the police, government and rebels, attacked the DiamondWorks mine at Yetwene. At least 6 workers were killed and dozens were injured.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 8, In Bangladesh a judge convicted and sentenced to death 15 former military commanders for the 1975 assassination of prime minister Sheik Mujibur Rahman. Only 5 of the convicted were in immediate custody.
    (SFC, 11/9/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 8, In China it was reported that over 5,000 acres of marijuana flourished in Yunnan province and officials vowed to eliminate it by 2000.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A30)
1998        Nov 8, In Mexico the PRI led gubernatorial elections in Puebla and Sinaloa but lost in Tlaxcala Alfonso Sanchez Anaya of the leftist Democratic Revolution Party.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 8, In Tibet Ian Baker and a team sponsored by National Geographic discovered the “Hidden Falls of Dorge Pagmo." In 2004 Baker authored “The Heart of the World: A Journey to the Last Secret Place."
    (SSFC, 11/21/04, p.E1)
1998        Nov 8, In Venezuela a leftist coalition led by Hugo Chavez, the Patriotic Pole movement, won a majority in parliament. The Democratic Action and Copei parties won most of the 23 governorships. Former Pres. Carlos Andres Perez won a senate seat in Tachira. Corruption charges against Perez were later dropped due to senatorial immunity.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A10)(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A16)

1998        Nov 9, The age of digital and interactive TV opened with a PBS documentary special, "Chihuly Over Venice." This was the first high definition digital TV broadcast.
    (SFC, 9/2/98, Z1 p.6) (AP, 11/9/99)   
1998        Nov 9, A federal judge in New York approved the richest antitrust settlement in U.S. history, a promise by leading brokerage firms to pay $1.03 billion to investors who had sued over a price-rigging scheme for stocks listed on the Nasdaq market.
    (AP, 11/9/99)
1998        Nov 9, US customs officials found 1,600 pounds of cocaine on one of Bogota’s C-130 in Florida. Colombia’s air force chief resigned the next day.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 9, In Bangladesh a general strike began and police clashed with strikers. An alliance of 7 opposition parties protested alleged attempts by police to kill their leader, Khaleda Zia.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.D4)
1998        Nov 9, The Human Rights Act 1998, an Act of the Westminster Parliament, made the European Convention on Human Rights part of the law of all parts of the UK. It did not come fully into effect until 2 October 2000.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_Rights_Act_1998)

1998        Nov 10, The US military moved warships into the Persian Gulf in anticipation of a possible attack on Iraq over cancellation of weapons inspections.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A10)(AP, 11/10/99)
1998        Nov 10, The SF police arrested Joshua Rudiger (21) of Oakland for the recent throat-slashing attacks in the city. Rudiger claimed to be a 2,000-year-old vampire.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A17)
1998        Nov 10, A heavy snow storm hit the northern Midwest. Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Dakotas suffered loss of power, heavy snow and violent winds.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 10, In St. Joseph, Mo., police officer Bradley Thomas Arn (27) was killed and 3 others were wounded by a gunman who was then killed by other officers. The gunman was later identified as William Lattin Jr. (33) of St. Joseph.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A3)(SFC, 11/12/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 10, A 160-nation conference on global warming met in Argentina.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 10, From Bangladesh it was reported that an estimated 18 million people were slowly poisoning themselves by drinking from groundwater contaminated with trace amounts of arsenic. 85 million people were at risk.
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A14)(SFC, 5/29/00, p.A10)
1998        Nov 10, Chile announced the promotion of Brig. Gen’l. Sergio Espinoza Davies to Inspector Gen’l. of the Chilean Army. This followed his departure as chief of the UN military observer mission in India and Pakistan due to his role in human rights abuses during the Pinochet dictatorship.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.D2)
1998        Nov 10, From Colombia it was reported that right-wing death squads had killed at least 17 peasants.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 10, India and Pakistan negotiated disputes as 3 Indian soldiers were killed in border fire across the Kashmir cease-fire line.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.D6)
1998        Nov 10, In Indonesia student protestors demanded that Suharto be brought to trial and that a probe of human rights abuses be initiated, while rulers initiated a 4-day meeting to dismantle past laws and plot a democratic future.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 10, In Nigeria the family of Gen’l. Sani Abacha was reported to have handed back over $750 million in state funds illegally amassed by the late dictator.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.D4)
1998        Nov 10, Serbia took control of Radio Index, a student-run radio station. Also police raided the Dnevni Telegraf Daily newspaper and impounded 100,000 copies for failure to pay a $120,000 fine for breaching a restrictive media law.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.D4)
1998        Nov 10, From Tajikistan it was reported that over 200 people died in 5 days of fighting with rebels and the government claimed that the rebels were driven from the Aini district north of Dushanbe.
    (WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 11, President Clinton ordered warships, planes and troops to the Persian Gulf as he laid out his case for a possible attack on Iraq. Iraq, meanwhile, showed no sign of backing down on its refusal to deal with U.N. weapons inspectors.
    (AP, 11/11/99)
1998        Nov 11, It was reported that the Packard Foundation planned to dispense $375 million over the next 5 years to slow population growth.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A8)
1998        Nov 11, It was reported that Pfizer and the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation initiated a $66 million effort to attack trachoma, a disease of the eye caused by chlamydia. A one-gram dose of zithromax given once a year would treat the disease. Focus was to be on Ghana, Mali, Morocco, Tanzania and Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.D6)
1998        Nov 11, Argentina and Kazakhstan pledged to abide by the treaty to cut emissions of gases that cause global warming. This put a crack in a united front of developing nations opposed to cuts before 2012.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 11, Carlos Cabal Peniche (42), accused of making some $700 million in loans from his banks to companies he owned, was arrested in Melbourne, Australia. He had vanished from Mexico in 1994 just days before his Grupo Financiera Cremi-Union was seized by the government for fraud and mismanagement.
    (SFC, 11/12/98, p.C18)
1998        Nov 11, China and the UN planned to sign an agreement to turn the Lop Nur nuclear test site into a sanctuary for Bactrian camels. The barren area is about the size of Germany.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A13)
1998        Nov 11, Israel’s government narrowly ratified a land-for-peace agreement with conditions that included alteration of the PLO charter to strike calls for Israel’s destruction.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/11/08)
1998        Nov 11, In Turkey a businessman linked to organized crime said that Prime Minister Yilmaz rigged the privatization of a state-run bank in his favor. This led to a no-confidence motion by the Republican People’s Party of the ruling coalition.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 11, A one-day general strike was held in Zimbabwe and soldiers killed one protestor.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 12, The 23rd American Indian Film Festival opened in SF.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.E1)
1998        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton signed a UN accord on global warming. It still needed to be ratified by Congress.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 12, Lewis Merletti, head of the Secret Service, quit his position to coordinate security for the Cleveland Browns football team.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 12, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley filed a $433 million lawsuit against the firearms industry, declaring that it had created a public nuisance by flooding the streets with weapons deliberately marketed to criminals. A judge dismissed the lawsuit in 2000; an appeals court ruled in 2002 that the city of Chicago could proceed; but the Illinois Supreme Court dismissed the lawsuit in 2004.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A4)(AP, 11/12/08)
1998        Nov 12, Eight Arab states declared that Iraq would be held responsible for any consequences from its stopping the work of UN arms inspectors.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 12, In China a Hong Kong mob boss was sentenced to death for kidnapping and arms smuggling. Cheung Tze-keung, aka the "big Spender," led a gang that was convicted of smuggling guns, 7 armed robberies of Hong Kong gold stores and the theft of 277 tons of steel in Shenzhen. 4 accomplices were also sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.D4)
1998        Nov 12, Israel gave the go-ahead to a housing project on a Jerusalem hilltop called Har Homa. The area is known as Jabal Abu Ghneim to the Palestinians and was an area under dispute.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 12, In Indonesia troops opened fire with rubber bullets on student demonstrators. One police officer was killed and over 120 people were injured.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 12, In Italy Abdullah Ocalan, head of the Kurd PKK, was arrested in Rome.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A11)

1998        Nov 13, Pres. Clinton, without admitting guilt, agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000 to settle her sexual harassment suit. In 1999 Jones accepted to receive $200,000 with the rest going for lawyer fees. This ended the four-year legal battle over her sexual harassment lawsuit that spurred impeachment proceedings against him.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A1)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A6)(AP, 11/13/99)
1998        Nov 13, Pres. Clinton and the IMF announced a $41.5 billion loan package for Brazil.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 13, The globe.com, founded by Tod Krizelman and Stephen Paternot, went public and leaped from $9 to $97 a share. In 2001 Paternot authored "A Very Public Offering."
    (WSJ, 5/2/01, p.A17)(WSJ, 8/27/01, p.A13)
1998        Nov 13, In Cambodia the warring political parties agreed to form a coalition government led by Hun Sen. Opposition leader Prince Norodom Ranariddh will become president of the National Assembly.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 13, Near Hong Kong 2 oil tankers collided and left a 6-mile oil slick near the Pearl River delta that threatened the local rare pink dolphins.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)
1998        Nov 13, In Indonesia student protests continued and 12 people were reported killed. Meanwhile the legislative assembly approved new elections for next year and an investigation into past corruption. A half dozen were killed and scores wounded in what soon came to be called Black Friday.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A10)(SFC, 11/16/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 13, In Iran a village was leveled in Fars province and 5 people were killed after 5 strong earthquakes hit the area.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)
1998        Nov 13, In the Netherlands the cabinet approved a plan to let homosexuals adopt Dutch children by Jan 1, 2000.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A20)

1998        Nov 14, The US tobacco industry agreed to a $260 billion settlement of state’s claims for public health costs due to smoking. In 2002 W. Kip Viscusi authored "Smoke-Filled Rooms and Martha Derthick authored "Up In Smoke," an examination of the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA), negotiated among the tobacco companies, tort lawyers and state attorneys general.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/6/02, p.D7)
1998        Nov 14, In Oceanside, Ca.,  Matthew Cecchi (9) was killed in a restroom by a knife slash to the neck. Brandon Wilson (20), a drifter from Wisconsin, was picked up within days and admitted to the murder. A jury in 1999 recommended that Wilson be executed. Wilson was sentenced to death Nov 4. On Nov 17, 2011, Wilson was found hanging in his death row cell at San Quentin.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.C6)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A6)(Reuters, 11/17/11)
1998        Nov 14, In Argentina negotiators from 150 countries agreed to set a 2 year deadline for adopting operational rules of the Kyoto Protocol for cutting emissions of industrial waste gases that were believed to cause global warming.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A21)
1998        Nov 14, In Jakarta residents of poor neighborhoods attacked shopping malls, banks, car dealerships and Chinese-owned shops. Troops took action to quell the rioting and one police officer was reported killed.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A23)
1998        Nov 14, Iraq backed down and agreed to submit to UN weapons inspections as US forces were poised for attack.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/13/99)
1998        Nov 14, In Malaysia thousands gathered to criticize Prime Minister Mahathir as world leaders gathered for the 6th APEC forum.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A17)

1998        Nov 15, Kwame Ture, the civil rights activist formerly known as Stokely Carmichael, died in Guinea at age 57.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A7)(AP, 11/15/99)
1998        Nov 15, Nauru and Niue registered to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There remained 3 years worth of phosphate to be mined on Nauru which grappled with 3 major crises: rising water from world-wide global warming, a 3rd year of draught, and a $100 million investment fund that was put into the Asian real-estate market.
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.B7C)
1998        Nov 15, In Russia Yuri Luzhkov, mayor of Moscow, said he would form his own political movement called Fatherland, with free market principles and a strong state sector in the economy.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A7)
1998        Nov 15, In Sierra Leone rebels attacked a village on the northern border and killed 16 people with guns and machetes. Another 50 were abducted.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A13)

1998        Nov 16, Monica Lewinsky signed a million dollar book deal. Her "Monica’s Story" was to be written by Andrew Morton and published by St. Martin’s Press in early 1999.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A2)
1998        Nov 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that union members can file discrimination lawsuits against employers even when labor contracts require arbitration.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1998        Nov 16, US House Democrats re-elected Dick Gephardt as their leader.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1998        Nov 16, Congo rebels said that they captured the port of Moba on Lake Tanganyika. UN officials said that over 65,000 people had been displaced since Aug 2.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.B3)
1998        Nov 16, In southern Lebanon 3 Israeli soldiers were killed when Hezbollah detonated a road bomb.
    (WSJ, 11/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 16, Japan announced a $195 billion economic stimulus package. This was the 17th month in a row that the number of bankruptcies increased.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A10)(SFC, 11/17/98, p.B3)
1998        Nov 16, A UN  tribunal convicted a Bosnian Croat and 2 Muslims for murder, torture and rape at the Celebici Camp in central Bosnia in 1992. Hazimn Delic, deputy commander, received a 20 year sentence; Zdravko Mucic, camp warden received 7 years; and Esad Landzo received 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.A14)

1998        Nov 17, The US signed the Tampere Convention, negotiated in Finland in June, to end excessive import duties and minimize barriers across national borders for telecommunications under emergency situations.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.C5)
1998        Nov 17, The US Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to 4.75. Both the federal funds rate and the discount rate were cut.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 17, The US House Judiciary Committee released 22 hours of telephone tape recordings secretly made of Monica Lewinsky by Linda Tripp.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/17/99)
1998        Nov 17, The  Leonid meteor storm was expected to peak and damage was feared to the nearly 500 satellites in orbit. The storm was the result of the Earth’s intersection with the debris field of the comet Tempel-Tuttle, last seen 33 years ago.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/28/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A11)
1998        Nov 17, Actress Esther Rolle died in Culver City, Calif., at age 78. She was the Emmy award-winning black matriarch in the 1970s television series "Good Times."
    (AP, 11/17/99)
1998        Nov 17, In Angola renewed fighting had created some 331,000 refugees since April.
    (WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 17, The Scotland Act of this year, introduced by the Labour government, was passed by the UK Parliament and received royal assent two days later. It established the devolved Scottish Parliament.
1998        Nov 17, In Beijing Ma Yulan (41) was sentenced to death for running a brothel disguised as a restaurant and sauna. She was the first person to receive the death penalty for prostitution since new statutes were approved in March.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.C5)
1998        Nov 17, China accused Juergen Kremb of the German magazine Der Spiegel of possessing state secrets. The next day he was ordered to leave the country within 48 hours.
1998        Nov 17, In Ethiopia over 650 Eritreans were deported after being detained for 4 months.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.C5)
1998        Nov 17, Israel's parliament overwhelmingly approved the Wye River land-for-peace accord with the Palestinians with a 75 to 19 vote.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A12)(AP, 11/17/99)
1998        Nov 17, In Iraq UN weapons inspectors returned to resume work.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 17, In Russia agents of the Federal Security Service (FSB) reported under cover that they had received orders to kill billionaire businessman Boris Berezovsky, and that they were threatened with punishment if they spoke out.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 17, In Turkey a Kurdish guerrilla killed herself and wounded 6 others in a suicide bombing in Yuksekova.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A12)

1998        Nov 18, Alice McDermott won the National Book Award in fiction for her novel "Charming Billy." The non-fiction prize went to Edward Ball for his "Slaves in the Family." Gerald Stern won in the poetry category.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.E3)
1998        Nov 18, The GOP nominated Bob Livingston of Louisiana to replace Newt Gingrich as speaker, and for the 1st time elected an African-American, Oklahoma’s J.C. Watts, to their leadership. Livingston, however, resigned from the House before he could take over the speakership after admitting to marital infidelities.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/18/99)
1998        Nov 18, In Jakarta thousands marched in continuing protests. It was also reported that students were killed the previous week with live bullets. The military had insisted that only plastic and blank ammunition was issued.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.C3)
1998        Nov 18, Frederick McPhail (27), a graduate student from NYU, was found dead in a car in Mexico City. In 1999 13 current and former police officers were arrested as suspects in a gang that robbed and kidnapped tourists. In 2000 6 former police officers received sentences as long as 98 years for the death of McPhail, whom they robbed and forced to drink a bottle of alcohol.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)
1998        Nov 18, Serbian Pres. Milan Milutinovic rejected a US blueprint for the future of Kosovo, saying that it gave too much power to the ethnic Albanians.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 18, The Swedish bank Skandinavska Enskilda acquired a 32% stake in Eesti Uhispank of Estonia, as well as a 36% stake in Latvia’s Latvijas Unibanka. Skandinavska Enskilda, controlled by the Wallenberg family, was also negotiating a deal to acquire interest in Vilnius Bank of Lithuania.
    (WSJ, 11/19/98, p.A16)

1998        Nov 19, Pres. Clinton began a 5-day trip to Asia and in Japan suggested that current efforts to end an 8-year economic downturn may not be enough.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 19, The US Air Force tested the Centurion flying wing, a 206-foot battery powered robotic craft. Solar panels were planned to replace the batteries.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A7)
1998        Nov 19, Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr laid out his evidence for the impeachment hearings against Pres. Clinton. He defended his investigation under withering questions from Democrats, during a daylong appearance before the House Judiciary Committee.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A1,3) (AP, 11/19/99)
1998        Nov 19, Alan Pakula (70), film director, was killed in a car crash on Long Island Expressway after a metal bar crashed through his windshield causing him to crash into a fence. He had made 23 movies, 4 as a writer, 18 as a producer, and 16 as a director.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.C10)(SFEC, 4/25/99, Par p.18)
1998        Nov 19, A Van Gogh self-portrait sold at auction for $71.5 million.
    (WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 19, In Israel the Cabinet voted 7 to 5 to go ahead with a troop withdrawal from Palestinian land in the West Bank, and to free 250 Palestinian prisoners.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 19, Turkey arrested the head of the main legal Kurdish party.
    (WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 20, A $206 billion tobacco settlement over health costs for treating sick smokers was endorsed by 46 eligible states. It was the largest settlement of a civil lawsuit in history.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/99)
1998        Nov 20, President Clinton wrapped up a visit to Japan and flew to South Korea.
    (AP, 11/20/99)
1998        Nov 20, In Baltimore Toni Bullock (16) was stabbed and died during a robbery. A few weeks later Malcolm Jabbar Bryant was soon arrested and in August, 1999, was convicted of stabbing Bullock and sentenced to life in prison. In 2016 Bryant (42) was released from prison after new DNA evidence showed that blood on the victim’s T-shirt did not match his.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gtxwndz)    (SFC, 5/12/16, p.A5)
1998        Nov 20, Rolando Alphonso, tenor saxophonist for the ska group Skatalites, died in Los Angeles at age 67. He was an original member of the Jamaican group that was formed in 1964.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)
1998        Nov 20, Phase 2 began in the construction of the int’l. space station. It would take 5 years, 43 flights and 16 nations to assemble the outpost.  The first human crew arrived in November 2000.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A3)(CSM, 11/22/18)
1998        Nov 20, It was reported that Kabila was signing away large stakes in Congo’s biggest enterprises to businessmen from Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia in return for support against rebels backed by Uganda and Rwanda.
    (WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 20, In Indonesia thousands of students marched and demanded the resignations of Pres. Habibie and military chief Wiranto following doctor’s confirmation that protestors were killed with live ammunition on Nov 13-14. In Pinrang thousands of villagers rioted after finding that they could not withdraw savings from an outlawed bank.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A24)
1998        Nov 20, Iraq balked at handing over documents on chemical and biological weapons and missile systems.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 20, Israel ceded control of a 200-sq. mile patchwork area, 2 percent of the West Bank, to the Palestinian Authority in the 1st of 3 withdrawals. 250 prisoners were released but 150 of them were common criminals rather than political detainees.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A10)(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/99)
1998        Nov 20, Israel carried out its 100th air raid along with ground attacks in southern Lebanon. One Amal fighter was reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 20, In Italy a court ordered the release of Kurdish rebel Abdullah Ocalan under a law barring extradition in death penalty cases and planned to grant him asylum.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 20, In Kazakhstan a Russian Proton booster rocket lifted up the first stage of the new int’l. space station called Zarya (Sunrise).
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A18)(SFC, 11/21/98, p.A13)
1998        Nov 20, In Pakistan Prime Minister Sharif ordered soldiers to quell violence in Karachi and suspended civil rights in Sindh province, which surrounds the city.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 20, Galina Starovoitova, a member of the State Duma, was shot to death in St. Petersburg. She had recently formed a coalition called Northern Capital to push the candidacy of liberals for the Dec. 6 elections to the regional legislature. In June, 2005, two men were convicted of the actual killing. Four others charged in the case were acquitted. In 2006 two more men were convicted on charges relating to the murder. Vyacheslav Lelyavin was sentenced to 11 years in prison for being a member of the gang. Pavel Stekhnovsky, guilty of buying the rifle used to shoot Starovoitova, was freed after prosecutors failed to prove he knew the gun was intended for the killing.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A12)(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A26)(AP, 9/23/06)(AP, 9/29/06)
1998        Nov 20, From Senegal it was reported that land mines had made 80% of Casamance province unusable. The mines, laid by separatist rebels, had killed or wounded close to 500 people in the 1st 8 months of this year.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A15)
1998        Nov 20, UN sponsored autonomy negotiations on East Timor were suspended after 44 people were reported killed under a military crackdown by the Indonesian government. The Red Cross later denied the reports of a massacre.
    (WSJ, 11/23/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/27/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 21, President Clinton, visiting South Korea, warned North Korea to forsake nuclear weapons and urged the North to seize a "historic opportunity" for peace with the South.
    (AP, 11/21/99)
1998        Nov 21, Isao Okawa, chairman of CSK Corp., and Sega Enterprises, donated $27 million to MIT for the creation of a center for children founded on the belief that new digital technology will drive fundamental changes in education.
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.A5)
1998        Nov 21, Rail workers in southern France extended their strike for the 12th day. A Europe-wide rail strike was planned for Nov 27.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A26)
1998        Nov 21, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie ordered a new corruption inquiry into former autocrat Suharto.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A24)
1998        Nov 21, Italian officials released Kurdish separatist leader Abdullah Ocalan, the head of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, the main Kurdish rebel group.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
1998        Nov 21, From Mexico it was reported that hundreds of people had been evacuated from villages near Volcano de Fuego, which threatened to erupt within days.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)
1998        Nov 21, In Russia it was reported that an icy storm claimed 13 lives in Moscow over the last week.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)

1998        Nov 22, The CBS News program "60 Minutes" showed videotape of Dr. Jack Kevorkian giving lethal drugs to Thomas Youk, a terminally ill patient. Kevorkian, an advocate of assisted suicide, challenged prosecutors to arrest him and later was sentenced to up to 25 years in prison for second-degree murder. He was released in 2007 after serving eight years.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
1998        Nov 22, In Albania the Socialist government claimed to win a referendum on the nation’s first post-Communist constitution.
    (WSJ, 11/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 22, In Indonesia rioting in Jakarta erupted after a gang fight between Muslims and Christian migrants. At least 14 people were killed and a dozen churches were burned or damaged.
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 22, In Iran Dariush Forouhar and his wife Parvenah were found stabbed to death in their home in Tehran. He was the leader of the nationalist Iran Nation Party and they were outspoken critics of the Islamic government. In 2000 former agents of the Intelligence Ministry confessed to playing roles in the 1998 killings of 4 writers and dissidents.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A12)

1998        Nov 23, Whitewater figure Susan McDougal was acquitted in Santa Monica, Calif., of embezzling from conductor Zubin Mehta and his wife; McDougal said the case was trumped up to pressure her to testify against President Clinton.
    (AP, 11/23/99)
1998        Nov 23, The Georgia state Supreme Court invalidated Georgia’s anti-sodomy law.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A4)
1998        Nov 23, The Dow Jones hit a new record high at 9,374.27.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 23, It was reported that American Online planned to purchase Netscape Communication for about $4 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 23, Congo reported that warplanes of its Zimbabwe allies bombed and sank 6 boatloads of rebels on Lake Tanganyika killing hundreds.
    (WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 23, In Europe railroad workers stopped work and protested plans for deregulation in 6 EU member states.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 23, The European Union lifted a worldwide export ban on British beef. The ban was imposed after experts announced a possible link between "mad cow" disease and a fatal disease in humans.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
1998        Nov 23, An Arctic cold wave was reported to have killed 71 people across Europe over the last 3 days. 36 deaths were in Poland and 24 in Romania and Bulgaria.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 23, In Mexico City detectives arrested 44 city officers on charges that included, murder, rape, extortion and abuse of power under orders by Police Chief Alejandro Gertz Manero, who took office in August.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 23, In Palestine the $70 million Gaza Int’l. Airport opened and an Egypt Air plane was the first to land.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 24, America Online confirmed it was buying Netscape Communications in a deal ultimately worth $10 billion.
    (AP, 11/24/99)
1998        Nov 24, Bill Gates, chairman of Microsoft Corp., donated $20 million to the Seattle Public Library system.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 24, A UN report on AIDS said 33 million people were infected, and that two-thirds of them were in sub-Saharan Africa.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 24, In Britain Queen Elizabeth announced plans by the Blair government to make the House of Lords more democratic by stripping aristocrats of their right to sit in it.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 24, In Lebanon Pres. Elias Hrawi was scheduled to step down and be replaced by Emile Lahoud.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D2)
1998        Nov 24, The OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) ratified an anti-bribery convention. It came into force in 1999.
    (http://tinyurl.com/otqm8xp)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.18)(Econ, 12/6/14, p.73)
1998        Nov 24, The first Palestine Airlines flight touched down at Gaza International Airport.
    (AP, 11/24/99)
1998        Nov 24, A funeral was held in St. Petersburg for liberal Russian lawmaker Galina Starovoitova, who had been assassinated four days earlier.
    (AP, 11/24/99)
1998        Nov 24, Russia, Kazakhstan and a group of major oil companies agreed to build a pipeline to connect the Tengiz oil field to a Russian port on the Black Sea.
    (SFC, 11/25/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 24, The UN Security Council voted to allow Iraq an additional $5.2 billion in oil sales over the next 6 months to cover humanitarian aid.
    (SFC, 11/25/98, p.A14)

1998        Nov 25, In Michigan a prosecutor brought charges of first-degree murder against Dr. Jack Kevorkian  for administering a lethal injection last Sept. to a terminally ill man who wished to die.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 25, In Washington state an explosion at the Equilon Puget Sound Refining Co. at Anacortes killed 6 people.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 25, Flip Wilson (64), the fist successful black host of a TV variety show, the Flip Wilson Show from 1970-1974, died in Malibu, Calif.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B9)(AP, 11/25/99)
1998        Nov 25, From Belarus it was reported that food rationing had been imposed for milk, meat and other goods due to shortages.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)
1998        Nov 25, In Britain 5 members of the House of Lords voted 3 to 2 to reject former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet’s claim of immunity from extradition. The rejection came one day before Pinochet’s 83rd birthday. The final decision rested with Home Sec. Jack Straw.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A1,B2)(SFC, 11/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 25, In India state elections were held in Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Mizoram. Polls predicted a setback for the ruling BJP.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B3)
1998        Nov 25, President Jiang Zemin arrived in Tokyo for the first visit to Japan by a Chinese head of state since World War II. Zemin and Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi decided not to sign a joint declaration on the relationship between their countries during the Jiang’s 6-day visit, the first ever by a Chinese head of state. Zemin wanted a written apology from Japan for WW II atrocities that began with a 1931 Japanese invasion. Only verbal apologies were made.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B3)(AP, 11/25/99)
1998        Nov 25, In Poland the cold weather left another 8 people dead, mostly middle-aged drinkers who died outside.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)
1998        Nov 25, In Turkey the government of Mesut Yilmaz lost a vote of confidence 314-214. Pres. Demirel was expected to ask Yilmaz to stay on until an interim government is formed.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B2)

1998        Nov 26, In the first speech ever by a British prime minister to an Irish parliament, Tony Blair predicted that Northern Ireland's troubled peace accord would ultimately work because of a strengthened cooperative spirit uniting Britain and Ireland.
    (AP, 11/26/99)
1998        Nov 26, The Supreme Court of Canada ruled authorities at elementary and secondary schools have the right to search a student without first obtaining a search warrant.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
1998        Nov 26, In the Punjab state of India a passenger train derailed near Khanna in the path of an express train in the northwest and at least 211 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)(WSJ, 11/27/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/99)
1998        Nov 26, In Indonesia Suharto signed over control of 7 foundations holding over $530 million.
    (WSJ, 11/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 26, In southern Lebanon 2 Israeli soldiers were killed when a roadside bomb blew up their armored vehicle.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 26, In Zimbabwe former Pres. Canaan Banana was convicted of 11 sex charges that included sodomy and homosexual assault against aide Jefta Dube. He jumped bail and fled to Botswana and then South Africa.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A20)

1998        Nov 27, Answering 81 questions put to him three weeks earlier, President Clinton wrote the House Judiciary Committee that his testimony in the Monica Lewinsky affair was "not false and misleading."
    (AP, 11/27/99)
1998        Nov 27, Exxon Corp. and Mobil Corp. confirmed that they were holding merger talks. The value of the combined company was estimated at $180 billion.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 27, Shoppers on Black Friday crowded shopping centers and the new Furby toys, a furry talking toy, was creating a mania. Black Friday was used to describe the big shopping day following Thanksgiving that put stores into the black.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 27, In Texas Martin E. Gurule became the first inmate to escape from Death Row at Huntsville. He was convicted for a double murder in 1992. He was found drowned to death on Dec 3.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1,8)(SFC, 12/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 27, Mark McLaughlin (44), a Seattle, Wa., bus driver, was shot and killed while driving his bus across the Aurora Ave. Bridge over Lake Union. A passenger responsible for the shooting was also killed when the bus crashed. 29 passengers were injured. The bus fell 50 feet from the expressway where 3 people died. The killer, Silas Cool, committed suicide. In 1999 the event was described by Ann Rule in her book "A Rage to Kill."
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 27, A boat of illegal immigrants from Albania sank off the coast of Italy and at least 3 people were killed including a 1-year-old child. 4 people were missing from the boat that carried 17.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 27, Brazilian police reported that a small cult of the United Pentecostal Church in Acre state had killed 6 people over the last 2 weeks, including 3 children, to "wipe out the enemies of God." Pastor Francisco Bezerra de Moraes was one of 6 people arrested for the killings.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A15)
1998        Nov 27, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder said he would not seek extradition of Abdullah Ocalan from Italy and called for an int’l. court to try Ocalan on murder and terrorism charges.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 27, The World Heritage bureau of UNESCO began a meeting in Kyoto, Japan.
    (SFC, 11/27/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 27, From the Vatican Pope John Paul issued a papal bull, "Incarnationis Mysterium" (The Mystery of the Incarnation) that proclaimed 2000 a special Holy Year. Special indulgences were offered for making pilgrimages, doing good deeds or fasting.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)

1998        Nov 28, Some Republicans expressed disappointment and outrage over President Clinton's written responses to 81 questions from the House Judiciary Committee concerning the Monica Lewinsky affair, with one accusing the president of "word games."
    (AP, 11/28/99)
1998        Nov 28, Countries fighting in Congo agreed to a cease-fire during an African summit in Paris. The deal was brokered by UN Sec. Gen’l. Kofi Annan. Rebel leaders were not present.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, p.A21)
1998        Nov 28, From India it was reported that cyclone 07B caused the evacuation of over 100,000 people in West Bengal and that some 100 fisherman were missing.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A4)
1998        Nov 28, In Portugal the skeleton of a 4-year-old Paleolithic child was found in the Lapedo Valley. The Lagar Velho child was dated to about 23,000 BC and possibly represented a mixed Neandertal and early human ancestry.
    (AM, 7/00, p.25)

1998         Nov 29, In Muskegon, Mich., Seth Stephen Privacky (b.1980) shot a killed his father (50), mother (49), grandfather (78), brother (19) and brother’s girlfriend, April A. Boss (19). Privacky pleaded no contest to the charges and was sentenced to life in prison on May 27, 1999. Privacky confessed that he committed the murders because his father had threatened to kick him out of the house. Privacky was shot killed during a failed prison escape attempt on July 15, 2010.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A4)(http://murderpedia.org/male.P/p/privacky-seth.htm)
1998        Nov 29, In Algeria 7 people were killed by suspected Muslim militants on the eve of Ramadan in 4 separate attacks in the western mountains.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.B10)
1998        Nov 29, In Congo rebel leaders said no cease-fire would take place until Pres. Kabila negotiates directly with them.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.B10)
1998        Nov 29, In Jakarta the opposition Muslim Party began a 4-day rally.
    (WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 29, In Indonesia a 7.6 earthquake was centered near Taliabu Island in the Maluku Sea. At least 25 people were killed on Mangole Island and some 89 were injured.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.B10)(SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)
1998        Nov 29, Five Russian policemen were killed in Dagestan by gunmen believed to be from Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 29, The Swiss voted on whether to legalize drug use. The proposal was defeated by a 3-1 margin.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 29, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe imposed a 6-month ban on national strikes and threatened to suspend unions that defy the ban and imprison organizers.
    (WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 30, Pres. Clinton pledged an extra $400 million to aid the Palestinians over the next 5 years. This was in addition to the current $100 million per year for the next 5 years. A total of $3 billion in aid was pledged.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 30, The new US computerized instant-check on gun sales began. After one week 951 sales were disqualified out of a total of 177,391.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 30, In LA 3 people were left dead following a drive-by shooting, carjacking and police chase. Officer Brian Brown (27) was killed as was suspect Oscar Zatarain (23). The victim of the drive-by was unnamed.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, A3)
1998        Nov 30, Margaret Walker Alexander, black author, died at age 83. Her work included the 1942 poem "For My People," and the 1966 novel "Jubilee."
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.B2)
1998        Nov 30, Britain along with Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a global treaty for an Int’l. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation for ratification.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)
1998        Nov 30, Quebec's separatist premier, Lucien Bouchard, was returned to power, but with only 43 percent of the vote, setting back the Parti Quebecois' goal of seeking independence from Canada. The party won 42.7% of the vote vs. 43.7% for the Liberals.
    (AP, 11/30/99)(SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 30, Deutsche Bank AG announced it was acquiring Bankers Trust Corp. for more than $10 billion.
    (AP, 11/30/99)
1998        Nov 30, In Iraq at the Radwaniya prison west of Baghdad 30 more prisoners were executed.
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)
1998        Nov 30, In Seoul Buddhist monks clashed for a 3rd time with rival factions in a dispute over leadership. Some 40 people were injured. The trouble began when Song Wol Ju, head of the Chogye Buddhist order, sought a 3rd four-year term. He later offered to resign but his followers refused to give ground. The order controls an annual budget of some $9.2 million plus property valued in the millions.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)

1998        Nov, The show "By, Bye America" began a 2-week run at the Sheherezad Theater in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A13)
1998        Nov, The US declared a policy of "regime change" for Iraq.
    (SFC, 5/25/99, p.A6)
1998        Nov, Pentagon officials revealed a map of the Gulf War battlefield that showed sites where radioactive and toxic debris from 300 tons of depleted uranium ammunition was used in 1991.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A1)
1998        Nov, In Alabama Gov. Fob James was defeated. He had recently signed a law that prohibited nude dancing in night clubs and banned the sale of sex toys including vibrators. Women challenged the law in 1999.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A4)
1998        Nov, In Washington DC a measure on medical marijuana was voted upon. Congress held up the ballot count until Sep 1999, when results showed a 69% approval.
    (WSJ, 9/21/99, p.B8)
1998        Nov, The Rotterdam VI, a 62,000 ton, 1,316 passenger cruise ship was scheduled to debut.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, p.T5)
1998        Nov, The  $59 mil Tech Museum of Innovations was scheduled to open in San Jose. It was designed by Ricardo Legoretta.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.E3)
1998        Nov, DaimlerChrysler began trading as a the 1st global share in the US, Germany, Japan and 5 other countries.
    (WSJ, 8/20/01, p.C1)
1998        Nov, William Matthews, poet, died at age 55. He was the author of 12 books that included "Time & Money." In 1999 his collection "After All: Last Poems" was published.
    (SFEC, 2/28/99, BR p.6)
1998        Nov, Tencent, a Chinese internet company, was founded in Shenzhen.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.61)(www.tencent.com/en-us/at/abouttencent.shtml)
1998        Nov, The Hong Kong freighter ship Cheung Son (Chang Sheng), loaded with iron ore, was hijacked and all 23 crewmen were lined up on deck and gunned down by pirates. In 1999 38 defendants went on trial in China on charges of murder, robbery and possession of firearms and drugs. In 2000 13 of 37 gang members were executed.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.C12)(SFC, 12/16/99, p.C9)(SFC, 1/29/00, p.C1)
1998        Nov, Zimbabwe announced a plan to seize 841 farms owned by white farmers. In Jan authorities announced a reduction of seizures to 118 in order to get a $53 million IMF loan.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A11)

1998        Dec 1, Pres. Clinton marked World Aids Day by announcing an increase in NIH funding for an AIDS vaccine to $200 million.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 1, A US nation-wide gun-buyer database was due to go into service.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 1, It was reported that a US congressional initiative added $165 million in counter-narcotics funds to Colombia. The 1999 aid package totaled $289 million.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 1, Exxon agreed to buy Mobil Corp. for $75.3 ($73.7) billion. The combination would form the world’s largest corporation.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/99)   
1998        Dec 1, A scientific panel reported that no links were found between breast implants and systemic illnesses.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 1, In Chicago a fire destroyed the historic Pullman building.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 1, In Canada a new gun control law went into effect that required all 3 million gun owners to be licensed and every one of an estimated 7 million rifles and handguns to be registered.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A22)
1998        Dec 1, A rally of 82 vintage cars entered Cape Town, South Africa, after a 39 day, 18,600 mile journey that began in London.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.C12)
1998        Dec 1, In Colombia rebels stormed 2 towns and killed at least 8 people and wounded 30.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 1, Granma, Cuba’s only daily newspaper, recommended that Christmas be re-established as a permanent holiday. Cuba's Communist Party recommended that Dec. 25 be re-established as an annual holiday.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A10)(AP, 12/1/99)
1998        Dec 1, Dutch and Flemish lexicographers unveiled a 40-tome dictionary with 45,000 pages that documented words back to 1500. It took 147 years to complete and compilers stopped at 1976.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 1, From Egypt it was reported that construction of the $180 million Bibliotheca Alexandria was proceeding. Completion was expected in Oct, 1999.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 1, In Honduras the death toll from Hurricane Mitch was lowered to 5,657. Some 8,058 were verified as missing, 12,272 injured and 1.4 million homeless.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.C12)

1998        Dec 2, Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy was acquitted of all counts in a corruption case for accepting sports tickets and travel from companies doing business with his department.
    (AP, 12/2/99)
1998        Dec 2, Bill Gates of Microsoft announced a $100 million gift to deliver vaccines against 4 childhood diseases in developing countries. The Seattle non-profit Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH) would receive the money over a 10 year period.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.B6)
1998        Dec 2, In Bosnia US troops arrested Bosnian Serb Gen’l. Radislav Krstic for genocide in the 1995 takeover of Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)
1998        Dec 2, Filanbanco, Ecuador’s largest bank, was turned over to the federal government with net losses of $661 million US dollars. Owners Roberto and William Isaias fled to the US owing $661 million to the state Deposit Guarantee Agency.
    (www.ecuador-investing.com/rafael-correa/filanbanco/)(Econ, 7/12/08, p.48)
1998        Dec 2, In the West Bank an Israeli soldier was beaten and an Arab man was stabbed to death in Jerusalem. Israel announced the suspension of further troops withdrawals.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)
1998        Dec 2, Macedonia agreed to provide a base for NATO to get to Kosovo it the need should arise.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 2, New Zealand agreed to lease a number of F-16 fighter jets from the US that were originally intended for Pakistan. Some $105 million was to be paid over 10 years.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A18)
1998        Dec 2, In Nigeria the military government uncovered a $2 billion fraud by members of Abacha’s family involving overpayment to Russia for a steel project.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 2, In Turkey Bulent Ecevit was asked to form a new government.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 3, Republicans jettisoned campaign fund-raising from their inquiry of President Clinton, clearing the way for a historic House Judiciary Committee vote on articles of impeachment over President Clinton's relationship with Monica Lewinsky and his effort to cover it up.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
1998        Dec 3, The movie "Shakespeare in Love" premiered.
    (AP, 12/3/08)
1998        Dec 3, Digital MP3 file-squishing technology was reported as a threat to recording industry. MPEG Layer 3 was a compression technology that allowed CD quality music to be sent over the internet. The Rio portable player by Diamond Multimedia was released to stores in the midst of piracy concerns.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 12/20/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 3, A scientific report from the Multispecies Monitoring Committee said that the cod fishing in the Gulf of Maine has collapsed due to overfishing.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 3, A 4-day conference in Washington, DC, attended by 44 countries, the Vatican and over a dozen Jewish organizations, produced guidelines for documenting Nazi plunder to resolve claims on confiscated art. Germany and 43 other countries signed the Washington Principles pledging to search their public collections for looted art in order to restitute it. This did not included “degenerate art" which the Nazis took out of state-owned museums in 1938.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A18)(www.state.gov/p/eur/rt/hlcst/122038.htm)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.51)
1998        Dec 3, In Europe the central banks of 11 countries issued a coordinated interest-rate cut in response to softening economic conditions.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A16)
1998        Dec 3, In Vienna 33 nations signed the Wassenaar Arrangement limiting arms exports. The agreement included export controls on the most powerful data-scrambling technologies. Russia refused to sign and continued to sell arms.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.B2)(WSJ, 5/26/00, p.A22)
1998        Dec 3, In Japan it was reported that the Jul-Sep quarter fell 0.7%. It was the 4th consecutive decrease in GDP.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A16)
1998        Dec 3, In the Philippines a fire burned the Catholic Bahay Kalinga orphanage in Manila and at least 28 people were killed including 23 children.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 3, In Romania Brother Cleopa, an Orthodox monk, died at age 87 at the 14th century Sihastra Monastery. He was renowned for his lectures and sermons, some of which were published under the title "Talks with Brother Cleopa," in Sobornost, an ecumenical Orthodox and Anglican journal published in Oxford.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)
1998        Dec 3, Yugoslav border guards killed 8 ethnic Albanians as they tried to cross the border into Kosovo. In Pristina Hizri Talla, a senior guerrilla commander was killed along with Kosovar journalist Afrim Maliqi and student Ilir Durmishi.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/98, p.C9)

1998        Dec 4, It was reported that an informant known as CS-1 confessed that he participated in a bin Laden-inspired plot to attack American military facilities around the world.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A16)
1998        Dec 4, The first PC for the car, made by Clarion Co., went on sale for $1,299. It use a Microsoft operating system and responded to voice commands to change radio stations and CDs, check e-mail, and use global positioning.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.D1)
1998        Dec 4, The shuttle Endeavour was launched with a crew of 6 from Cape Canaveral. It contained the 2nd component of the new int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A2)
1998        Dec 4, The London Guardian was cited in a report that 3 high security officials in Libya, were convicted and sentenced to prison for dereliction of duty. Abdullah Senussi, Musa Koussa and Mohammed al-Misrati were thought to be the superiors of the men wanted for the 1988Lockerbie Pan Am bombing.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A16)
1998        Dec 4, Britain and France signed an agreement for greater cooperation in crises management and military operations. At the Anglo-French summit in St Malo, the leaders of the UK and France decided on the need for a "capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces." This led to the establishment of the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP).
    (www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2053.cfm)(SFC, 12/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 4, In Cambodia the last Khmer Rouge fighting force surrendered, but 3 leaders refused to give up.
    (WSJ, 12/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 4, In China Lin Hai (30), a software entrepreneur, was arrested for inciting subversion by providing 30,000 Chinese e-mail addresses to "hostile foreign organizations.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 4, From Egypt it was reported that a new 3rd party, named "Wasat" or middle party, was emerging. It was an alternative to the fundamentalist Islamic regime and the secular state.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 4, Honduras declared a national alert because of epidemics. 20,000 people were reported to have cholera and 31,000 suffered from malaria. Diarrhea was affecting some 208,000.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.A10)

1998        Dec 5, James P. Hoffa claimed the Teamsters presidency after challenger Tom Leedham conceded defeat in the union's presidential election.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A9) (AP, 12/5/99)
1998        Dec 5, Former Senator Albert Gore Senior (90), father of the vice president, died at his home in Carthage, Tenn.
    (AP, 12/5/99)
1998        Dec 5, In Nigeria local government elections were held.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A21)
1998        Dec 5, In Paraguay the ruling Colorado Pary expelled former army chief Lino Oviedo and accused Pres. Raul Cubas of defying the constitution for failing obey a Supreme Court ruling to send Oviedo back to prison.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)
1998        Dec 5, In South Korea the first Japanese film since 1945 was screened. "Hana Bi" (Fireworks) was the first film shown since a ban on Japanese work was lifted in Oct.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A15)
1998        Dec 5, Pakistan's sinking credit rating and unsuccessful talks with U.S. officials in Washington caused a major setback to the stock market.
    (UPI, 12/6/98)

1998        Dec 6, The astronauts of the Endeavour space shuttle attached Node 1 of the new space station to the cargo block Zarya.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A2)
1998        Dec 6, Clayton "Peg Leg" Bates, a tap dancer who lost a leg in childhood, died at age 91.
    (WSJ, 12/8/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 6, In Gabon Pres. Omar Bongo (63) won the election for a new 7-year term. He received 66% of the vote with clear ballot stuffing.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.B8)(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 6, In Nigeria it was reported that 14 people died in poll-related violence.
    (WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 6, Hundreds of Palestinian prisoners in  Israel started a hunger strike and demanded to be freed.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 6, In Sierra Leone at least 51 rebels were killed in fierce fighting north of Freetown.
    (WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 6, In Taiwan the ruling Nationalists enlarged their legislative majority and captured the mayoralty in Taipei.
    (WSJ, 12/7/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 6, Venezuela held national presidential elections. Hugo Chavez, a former army officer who staged a bloody coup attempt against the government six years earlier, won with 56% of the vote. He faced a $22 billion foreign debt and planned a constitutional assembly to replace the Congress and to rewrite the constitution.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/99)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.24)

1998        Dec 7, Pres. Clinton announced the removal of Iran from the list of drug problem countries due to an energetic campaign to eliminate opium poppies.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A12)
1998        Dec 7, On the eve of historic hearings, House Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde said there was a "compelling case" for impeaching President Clinton. Attorney General Janet Reno declined to seek an independent counsel investigation of President Clinton over 1996 campaign financing.
    (AP, 12/7/99)
1998        Dec 7, South Carolina ended its participation in the antitrust case against Microsoft.
    (SFC, 11/6/99, p.A3)
1998        Dec 7, The UN agreed to give Cambodia’s UN seat to the new government.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A15)
1998        Dec 7, In Chechnya a rescue attempt was made to free 4 men kidnapped Oct 3. The action led to the murder of the 4 men whose severed heads were found the next day.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.A9)
1998        Dec 7, On the secessionist Comoros island of Anjouan separatist militias broke a short cease fire and some 10 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.B5)
1998        Dec 7, Congolese rebels dismissed the tentative truce worked out in Paris by UN Sec. Gen’l. Kofi Annan.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.B5)
1998        Dec 7, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin left the hospital, fired several aides and returned to the hospital to recover from pneumonia.
    (WSJ, 12/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 8, The White House opened its defense against the impeachment of Pres. Clinton. A 184-page defense, written by White House lawyers, held that Clinton’s actions were "immoral" and "misleading" but did not amount to impeachable offenses.
    (WSJ, 12/8/98, p.A1)(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 8, The US Supreme Court ruled that police cannot search people and their cars after merely ticketing them for routine traffic violations.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/8/99)
1998        Dec 8, Paul Edward Hindelang Jr. (51) agreed to forfeit to the US government $50 million that he had acquired dealing drugs in the 1970s. He had helped pioneer the "mother ship" smuggling technique.
    (WSJ, 6/2/99, p.A1)
1998        Dec 8, In the SF Bay Area an electrician’s error in San Mateo caused a power outage along the northern peninsula that lasted more than seven hours before electricity was fully restored.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/8/99)
1998        Dec 8, In Greeley, Colo., state transportation worker, Robert S. Helfer (50), killed one person during a disciplinary hearing and wounded another. He was killed by police while trying to escape.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 8, In Algeria 45 people were killed in Tadjena. Armed groups attacked three villages in the area and killed a total of 81 people. Security forces dug up 46 bodies from a well at a farm in Meftah, 10 miles from central Algiers.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A12)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 8, In Chechnya the severed heads of Darren Hickey, Rudolf Petschi, Stanley Shaw  and Peter Kennedy were found lines up along a highway outside of Grozny. The mobile phone workers had been kidnapped Oct 3.
(SFC, 12/10/98, p.C8)
1998        Dec 8, In Estonia the Parliament approved an amendment to its citizenship law that made it easier for its Russian-speaking minority to become citizens. It granted citizenship to some 6,500 children born in Estonia of Russian parents following the 1991 independence.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.B8)
1998        Dec 8, From Sierra Leone it was reported that Chief Samuel Hinga Norman, the deputy minister of defense, had founded a cult-based militia, the Kamajors, to help fight the rebels.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A12,16)
1998        Dec 8, In Somalia at least 18 people were killed and 30 wounded in clashes between 2 rival clans in Baidoa.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.B8)

1998        Dec 9, The Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee drafted 4 articles of impeachment for Pres. Clinton, all stemming from his sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky and long campaign to cover it up. The Democrats countered with a censure plan.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/99)
1998        Dec 9, An appeals court in Oregon ruled that the state constitution gives gay and lesbian government employees the right to health and life insurance benefits for their domestic partners.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C11)
1998        Dec 9, It was reported that scientists in Japan had cloned several calves from an adult cow. It was the 3rd mammal duplicated after mice and sheep.
    (SFC, 12/9/98, p.A8)
1998        Dec 9, The David and Lucille Packard Foundation announced an additional $200 million for environmental causes to be spent over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Archie Moore, former light heavy-weight boxing champion, died at age 84.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 9, In Angola Unita rebels advanced on Cuito after saying they had routed an attack by government forces on their southern stronghold.
    (WSJ, 12/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 9, In Armenia Vagram Khorkhoruni, deputy defense minister, was shot dead outside his home in Yerevan.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 9, Britain’s Home Secretary, Jack Straw, turned down Gen’l. Augusto Pinochet’s plea to be set free. The decision for extradition moved to the courts.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/10/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 9, In Cambodia Khmer Rouge guerrillas kidnapped 48 people, including 3 aid workers, and demanded ransom.
    (WSJ, 12/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 9, In France the National Assembly instituted the Civil Solidarity Pact, a bill to improve the lot of cohabiting gay and unmarried couples.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 9, In Iran the body of Mohammed Mokhtari, a prominent writer missing for a week, was found. It appeared that he was murdered by strangulation. Shortly later Mohammad Jafar Pouyandeh (45), another dissident writer, was reported missing. Pouyandeh was later found murdered.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C2)(SFC, 12/11/98, p.A22)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 9, Iraq refused UN inspectors access to an office of the ruling Baath Party.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 9, In Israel the Supreme Court ruled that the exemption for rigorously Orthodox Jewish yeshiva students from army service was illegal.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C6)
1998        Dec 9, In Malaysia Azizan Abu Bakar, the ex-driver of Anwar Ibrahim, repeated in court his allegation that he was sodomized by Ibrahim in 1992.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 9, A Palestinian teenager was killed as Israeli forces and Palestinian protestors clashed.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A12)

1998        Dec 10, The House Judiciary Committee opened debate on 4 articles of impeachment against Pres. Clinton. Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee lined up one by one in favor of impeaching President Clinton; Democrats vowed opposition after lawyers clashed in closing arguments over alleged "high crimes and misdemeanors."
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/10/99)
1998        Dec 10, Six astronauts jubilantly swung open the doors to the new international space station, becoming the first guests aboard the 250-mile-high outpost.
    (AP, 12/10/99)
1998        Dec 10, Scientists reported that all 97 million genetic "letters" of the worm "Caenorhabditis elegans" had been precisely mapped. It was the first complete genetic blueprint of an animal.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A1,16)
1998        Dec 10, In Detroit Andrzej Olbrot (52), a Wayne State Univ. engineering Prof., was shot and killed while administering final exams. A 48-year-old graduate student turned himself in the next day.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.A2)
1998        Dec 10, In Algeria the death toll for the month reached 200.
    (WSJ, 12/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 10, Mansur Tagirov, Chechnya’s top prosecutor, disappeared while returning to Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 10, Zhang Jieying, Chinese writer and columnist, was reported to have sold 200,000 legal copies and millions of pirated editions of her book "Absolute Privacy." The book was a collection of people’s private stories on love and sex in an era of social change.
    (WSJ, 12/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 10, Nicaragua filed a large damage suit against all major US tobacco companies. Guatemala and Panama already had suits on file.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D3)
1998        Dec 10, In North Korea it was reported that a Fall scientific survey found that 62% of the children under 7 years old suffered from stunted growth due to malnutrition. An entire generation of children were feared to be physically and mentally impaired.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C5)
1998        Dec 10, Leaders of the PLO voted to annul passages of their 1964 constitutional charter that called for Israel’s destruction.
    (AP, 12/10/99)(SFC, 12/11/98, p.A18)
1998        Dec 10, In Sudan the death toll from the 15 year civil war was reported to have reached at least 1.9 million. A 40 nation African conference on refugees opened in Khartoum.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D3)

1998        Dec 11, Pres. Clinton appealed for forgiveness but majority Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee voted 21 to 16 to approve 3 articles of impeachment.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/11/99)
1998        Dec 11, The Mars Climate Orbiter blasted off on a 9 ½ month journey to the Red Planet. The probe disappeared in September 1999, apparently destroyed because scientists had failed to convert English measures to metric values.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.A10)(AP, 12/11/99)
1998        Dec 11, In Indonesia Hutomo "Tommy" Mandala Putra, Suharto’s youngest son, was charged as a suspect in a corruption case. Also charged was Beddu Amang, a former chief of the state-run food distribution agency known as Bulog.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.B2)
1998        Dec 11, Israeli troops fired on hundreds of protesting Palestinians killing 2 and wounding dozens.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 11, A Thai Airways Airbus A310-200 jet crashed near the airport at Surat Thani. 45 people survived and 101 died.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/14/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 12, The House Judiciary Committee approved a 4th and final article of impeachment against Pres. Clinton as he flew for a three-day visit to the Middle East aimed at rescuing the Wye River peace accords.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/12/99)
1998        Dec 12, In Osseo, Mich., a fireworks explosion at the Independence Professional Fireworks building killed at least 7 people.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.A34)
1998        Dec 12, Florida Gov. Lawton Chiles died in Tallahassee at age 68. He had acquired wealth as one of the original investors in Red Lobster restaurants.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.C14)
1998        Dec 12, Mo Udall (b.1922), former US Representative from Arizona, died at age 76. He had served in the House from 1961-1991.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)(WSJ, 12/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 12, In Afghanistan a 5.4 earthquake hit Kabul and killed at least 5 people.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.A36)
1998        Dec 12, Marc Hodler (1919-2006), Swiss lawyer and International Olympics Committee official, unleashed a series of corruption allegations that included systemic buying and selling of votes in Olympic bidding, particularly for the 2002 Winter Games in Salt Lake City.
    (SFC, 10/21/06, p.B6)

1998        Dec 13, With a grave impeachment threat looming, President Clinton told a news conference in Jerusalem he would not resign, and insisted he did not commit perjury.
    (AP, 12/13/99)
1998        Dec 13, Kabul, Afghanistan, was hit by a barrage of rockets that killed 17 and wounded 80 people. The launch site appeared to come from an area controlled by an ousted defense chief.
    (WSJ, 12/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 13, Angola was reported to be withdrawing tanks and troops from Congo’s civil war.
    (WSJ, 12/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 13, In Burkina Faso Norbet Zongo, a prominent journalist and presidential critic, was found dead in the wreckage of his burned car along with 2 cousins and a chauffeur in Ouagadougou. His death prompted thousands to take to the streets accusing Pres. Blaise Compaore’s government of involvement. Zongo was killed with his brother and 2 others. Zongo had inquired into the arrest and death of a driver, David Ouedraogo, to Francois Compaore, the brother of the president and "head of mission to the presidency." Ouedraogo was accused of stealing $50,000. [see Jan 1998]
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C3)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)
1998        Dec 13, In Colombia an anti-guerrilla raid at Santo Domingo village in Arauca state killed a number of civilians. Most of the dead were victims of rockets and strafing by military aircraft. The US oil-company air attack was coordinated by 3 American civilian airmen. Later reports said the rockets and warplanes were bought with US anti-drug aid. In 2002 a government report faulted a Colombian helicopter pilot and crewman for dropping a bomb that killed 17 civilians in Santo Domingo. Charges of involuntary manslaughter were levied in 2003. In 2009 a judge found two Colombian air force pilots guilty of murder and sentenced them to 31 years in prison each for the cluster-bombing of Santo Domingo that killed 17 people, including 6 children.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C4)(WSJ, 12/15/98, p.A1)(SFC, 12/22/98, p.C4)(SFC, 6/15/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/25/02)(AP, 12/21/03)(AP, 9/27/09)
1998        Dec 13, Indonesia announced a plan to recruit some 40,000 young people to help suppress social and religious unrest.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 13, Puerto Rico voters rejected statehood by a vote of 50.2% to 46.5%. The winning option was none of the above, but interpreted as a decision to remain as commonwealth, a US territory with local autonomy.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.A4)(AP, 12/13/99)
1998        Dec 13, In Sierra Leone as many as 200 died in weekend battles 35 miles from the capital. The Nigerian-led military said that a large force of rebels had been cut off and annihilated.
    (WSJ, 12/15/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 14, Researchers reported that the protein IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor type1, was found to sustain muscle maintenance and repair when injected into muscle cells. The protein was packaged in the shell of a virus that causes no disease.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 14, The peak of the Geminid meteor shower.
    (NH, 12/98, p.73)
1998        Dec 14, In Gaza City Pres. Clinton watched as hundreds of Palestinian leaders raised their hands to renounce a call for the destruction of Israel.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/99)
1998        Dec 14, In Algeria Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia resigned.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 14, In Angola UNITA rebels launched an offensive at Cuito and Huambo and claimed to have shot down a government jet.
    (WSJ, 12/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 14, In Brazil legislators proposed to give themselves a 59% pay raise as the economy slipped into recession.
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A19)
1998        Dec 14, The British human rights group, Global Witness, reported that in Angola UNITA was selling diamonds to finance its battles against government forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 14, In China the armed forces completed the hand over of their commercial holdings to civilian control.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 14, In Guinea Lansana Conte was re-elected president to a 7-year term with 54.1% of the vote. The opposition rejected as flawed.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)(AP, 9/29/09)
1998        Dec 14, In Iran authorities arrested several suspects in the recent string of murders of opposition figures. Pirouz Davani, leader of the United Left, and Rostami Hamedani, an activist with Davani, were reported missing.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 14, In Mexico the Senate approved a new law that ended restrictions limiting foreign ownership of the nation’s top banks.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 14, In Kosovo Serbian border guards killed 31 ethnic Albanian guerrillas on the Albanian border.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 12/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 14, In Pec masked Albanian rebels opened fire in the Panda barroom and killed 6 young Kosovo Serbs.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C2)(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D4)

1998        Dec 15, Pres. Clinton met with Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu without achieving any tangible results to move the Peace Talks forward. President Clinton concluded his three-day Middle East journey on a disappointing note as Israel refused to resume the West Bank troop withdrawals called for under the Wye River peace accord; nevertheless, Clinton declared his trip a success.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/15/99)
1998        Dec 15, Richard Butler, chairman of the UN Special Commission overseeing the disarmament of Iraq, reported that Saddam’s government continued to obstruct inspections.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 15, The 2-day ASEAN summit opened in Hanoi. Cambodia was admitted informally.
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A19)
1998        Dec 15, A 40-nation conference on the Dayton accord opened in Madrid.
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 15, US forces in the Persian Gulf were ordered on high alert following credible information of an imminent terrorist attack.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A18)
1998        Dec 15, Marine scientists reported that trawling by fishing fleets was causing widespread disruption of ocean bottom habitats. They said that each year trawl nets disturb an area twice the size of the contiguous US.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 15, The Endeavour shuttle and crew returned to Cape Canaveral in a night time landing following NASA’s first space station-building mission.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A7)
1998        Dec 15, Congo rebels claimed to have killed 47 Zimbabwean troops fighting for Kabila at Kabala.
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 15, In Japan Nawaki Hashimoto was found dead from cyanide poisoning. He had peddled cyanide to suicidal Japanese over a web site and one Tokyo woman died the same day from his cyanide.
    (SFC, 1/9/99, p.A11)
1998        Dec 15, The 500 members of Libya’s General People’s Congress voted for conditional approval for the trial of Pan Am Flight 103 bombing suspects in a 3rd country.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A15)
1998        Dec 15, In South Africa a tornado killed 13 people in Umtata. Pres. Mandela narrowly escaped injury while shopping there.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.C3)

1998        Dec 16, Pres. Clinton ordered a sustained series of missile strikes against Iraq forces in response to Saddam Hussein's continued defiance of UN weapons inspectors. Iraqi envoy Nizar Hamdoon accused UN weapons inspector Richard Butler of producing a biased report on weapons inspections. The strike came one before scheduled vote on Clinton’s impeachment by the House of Representatives and days before the beginning of Ramadan. Some 200 missiles fell on Iraq in the first 24 hours of the attack and initial reports indicated two people killed and 30 injured. The House Republicans postponed impeachment by at least 24 hours.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A1,8)(AP, 12/16/99)
1998        Dec 16, The House delayed a debate set to begin the next day on four articles of impeachment against President Clinton.
    (AP, 12/16/99)
1998        Dec 16, Federal prosecutors in NYC charged 5 men in the Aug 7 bombing of the American Embassy in Tanzania. Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil of Egypt, Khalfan Khamis Mohamed and Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani of Tanzania, and Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam and Sheik Ahmed Salim Swedan of Kenya. A 6th man, "Ahmed the German," detonated the explosive device and was killed.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 16, William Gaddis, American writer, died at age 75. His work included "The Recognitions" (1955) and "A Frolic of His Own." In 2002 his novel "Agapé Agape" was published along with his essays: "The Rush for Second Place."
    (WSJ, 12/18/98, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M2)
1998        Dec 16, In Angola UNITA rebels advanced on Cuinji and dozens of civilians were killed at the train station when rebels attacked with automatic weapons and grenades.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C10)
1998        Dec 16, In China members of the "Two Gun, One Ax" gang were executed in Guangdong province. The group had been found guilty of killing 3 people and about 50 armed robberies and weapons trafficking.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C10)
1998        Dec 16, In Indonesia in the Borneo town of Samarinda a strike turned violent and ethnic-Chinese shops were looted by mobs.
    (WSJ, 12/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 16, In Northern Ireland there was a bomb attack on a Catholic-owned country pub in Crumlin. No one was hurt and 2 pro-British, Protestant extremist groups claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)
1998        Dec 16, In Italy Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party, was freed by an appeals court in Rome. Turkish officials were outraged and renewed threats of economic retaliation.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C4)
1998        Dec 16, Philip True (50), a reporter for the San Antonio Express-News, was found dead in a remote mountain range between Jalisco and Nayarit states in Mexico. He went hiking the area Nov 29 to photograph and write about the Huichol Indians and apparently fell into a deep ravine. A coroner’s report later indicated that he had been strangled and dropped into the ravine. In 2002 an appeals court overturned the acquittal of 2 Huichol Indians, who were arrested with True’s camera and backpack. In 2005 Robert Rivard authored “Trail of Feathers: Searching for Philip True."
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D6)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.M2)
1998        Dec 16, In Rome an apartment building collapsed and killed 20 people.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C5)
1998        Dec 16, Researchers in South Korea claimed to have cloned a human embryo, but destroyed it early in its development.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 16, In Russia the Parliament approved a bill to print $1.2 billion worth of rubles for the last quarter of 1998. High inflation was feared to result.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C5)
1998        Dec 16, In Hanoi, Vietnam, the ASEAN nations approved the "Hanoi Action Plan," a 34-point declaration that emphasized economic recovery based on free-market policies.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C6)
1998        Dec 16, In Zimbabwe former Pres. Canaan Banana (63) was returned from South Africa and was placed under house arrest. He had been convicted Nov 26 of 11 sex charges.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A20)

1998        Dec 17, Republicans advanced the impeachment case against President Clinton to the House floor for a debate the following day.
    (AP, 12/17/99)
1998        Dec 17, US House Speaker-designate Bob Livingston shocked fellow Republicans by admitting he'd had extramarital affairs.
    (AP, 12/17/99)
1998        Dec 17, US and British forces launched more missiles on the 2nd day of attacks against Iraq. The strikes included some 100 cruise missiles with 2,000 pound warheads. At least 25 people were killed and 75 injured over 2 days. Pres. Boris Yeltsin withdrew the Russian ambassador from Washington and demanded an immediate end to military action. France and Italy expressed strong opposition while Germany rallied to support the US and Britain. A stray US missile hit Khorramshahr, Iran. The US later apologized.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.A1,3)(SFC, 12/21/98, p.A20)
1998        Dec 17, In Alagoas state, Brazil, congresswoman Ceci Cunha was killed with her husband and 2 in-laws in an apparent political assassination. Talvane Albuquerque, who lost re-election in October, assumed her seat in the Chamber of Deputies. He was charged with ordering the murder of Cunha, but was immune from criminal prosecution while in office.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D2)(WSJ, 3/16/99, p.A1)
1998        Dec 17, In Britain the high court set aside its ruling against Gen’l Pinochet because one member failed to disclose close ties with Amnesty Int’l. A new panel will rehear Pinochet’s claim of immunity.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.A18)
1998        Dec 17, In China dissidents Wang Youcai in Hangzhou and Qin Yongmin in Wuhan, arrested for subversion, pleaded their cases for forming the China Democracy Party. Youcai was released in 2004 and sent to the US.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D3)(SFC, 2/05/04, p.A3)
1998        Dec 17, A boatload of Cubans capsized off Elliot Key, Fla., during an immigrant-smuggling attempt and at least 8 people were drowned.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.A7)
1998        Dec 17, In Gabon Karen Phillips (37), a US Peace Corps worker from Philadelphia, was raped and stabbed to death in Oyem. 3 people were arrested in connection with her death.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, p.C10)
1998        Dec 17, In Indonesia some 4,000 students attempted to storm the parliament in Jakarta in a 2nd day of riots. They were stopped by police riot squads.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 17, Serbian police attacked a suspected rebel-controlled village in Kosovo. Two ethnic Albanian fighters were killed and 34 were arrested in Glodjane.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D4)

1998        Dec 17-18, A Congo cease-fire was to be signed before a meeting of the Organization of African Unity.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, p.A21)

1998        Dec 18, US House Republicans rebuffed calls for a vote on censure and pushed forward the vote on impeachment against Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998        Dec 18, US and British struck Iraq for a 3rd day with little resistance. The US B-1 bomber was used to drop bombs. Gen’l. Henry Shelton, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said more cruise missiles were launched in the first 2 days than the 289 in the 1991 Gulf War.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998        Dec 18, The new electronic Rocket Book by NuvoMedia weighed 22 ounces and stored 10 books.
    (WSJ, 12/18/98, p.W15)
1998        Dec 18, The ICO Challenger balloon with Richard Branson, Steve Fossett and Per Lindstrand left Marrakesh, Morocco, in an attempt to circumnavigate the globe.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.B3)
1998        Dec 18, In South Carolina the 500th execution took place since capital punishment was resumed in 1977. Andrew Lavern Smith died by lethal injection for his 1983 murder of an elderly couple.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.A15)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998        Dec 18, South Korea sank a half-submarine belonging to North Korea and recovered the body of a crewman in a wet suit carrying a grenade.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)
1998        Dec 18, Fifty military officers marched in Mexico City decrying corruption and injustice and attempted to present Pres. Zedillo a letter calling for reform. The officers called themselves the Patriotic Command to Raise the Consciousness of the People.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)
1998        Dec 18, In Poland Pres. Kwasniewski signed a bill that would allow victims of communist-era repression to see their secret police files.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.B3)
1998        Dec 18, In Kosovo, Serbia, Zvonko Bojanic, district mayor of Kosovo Polje, was found severely beaten and shot between the eyes.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.A6)

1998        Dec 19, President Clinton was impeached on 2 counts, Articles 1 and 3, by the Republican-controlled House for perjury and obstruction of justice. The 42nd chief executive became only the second in history to be ordered to stand trial in the Senate, where, like Andrew Johnson before him, he was acquitted.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/19/99)
1998        Dec 19, Rep. Bob Livingston of Louisiana resigned as speaker-designate of the House. He had earlier admitted to being unfaithful to his wife.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998        Dec 19, The US and Britain ended their attack on Iraq after 4 days of air and missile strikes in Operation Desert Fox. An early estimate of US defense expenses was put at $500 million. Some 62 members of the Republican Guard were killed.
    (SFEC, 12/20/98, p.A1,24)(SFC, 12/22/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 8/27/99, p.A10)
1998        Dec 19, The Ramadan holiday began in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 12/19/98, p.A21)
1998        Dec 19, In Sierra Leone rebels overran the eastern diamond city of Koidu and many were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/21/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 19, In Spain Antonio Ordonez, bullfighter, died at age 66. His career was chronicled in a Hemingway novel.
    (WSJ, 12/21/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 20, In Houston Nken Chukwu gave birth to 5 girls and 2 boys 12 days after giving birth to another girl. The tiniest of the babies died a week later.
    (SFC, 12/21/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/99)
1998        Dec 20, Snow flakes fell in SF and low temperature records were made around the Bay with 40 degrees in SF and 35 in Fremont.
    (SFC, 12/21/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 20, Balloonists Fossett, Branson and Per Lindstrand successfully ran through a thunderstorm to avoid traveling over Iraq, Russia and Iran.
    (SFC, 12/21/98, p.B4)
1998        Dec 20, In Cambodia there were riots in Sihanoukville to protests suspected toxic waste imports from Taiwan. Hundreds of Cambodians fled the city after reports of deaths from 3,000 tons of toxic waste dumped 2 weeks ago. The waste was loaded with mercury and a plan was made to move it away from Sihanoukville. Taiwan ordered Formosa Plastics to take back the 3,000 tons of waste but the firm said the government used tests by an environmental group.
    (WSJ, 12/21/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/22/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/28/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 20, Germany extradited Mamdouh Mahmud Salim to the US in relation to the bombing of the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
    (SFC, 12/21/98, p.B4)

1998        Dec 21, The Winter Solstice.
    (NH, 12/98, p.73)
1998        Dec 21, The World Association of Newspapers awarded the 1999 Golden Pen of Freedom award to exiled Iranian writer Faraj Sarkuhi, former editor of the cultural journal Adineh.
    (SFC, 12/22/98, p.C4)
1998        Dec 21, The FDA approved the first vaccine against Lyme disease.
    (WSJ, 12/22/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 21, In China 3 dissidents were sentenced to prison terms of 11-13 years. Xu Wenli received 13 years, Wang Youcai 11 years and Qin Yongmin 12 years for subversion, i.e. trying to organize an opposition party. Xu Wenli was released in Dec, 2002.
    (SFC, 12/22/98, p.A14)(AP, 12/21/99)(SFC, 12/25/02, p.A1)
1998        Dec 21, Israel's parliament voted 81-30 for early elections, signaling the demise of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's ailing hard-line government. Peace policies were rejected 56-48.
    (SFC, 12/22/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/22/98, p.A1) (AP, 12/21/99)
1998        Dec 21, In Kosovo, Serbia, Milic Jovic (52), a Serbian police officer, was shot and killed in Podujevo.
    (SFC, 12/22/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 21, In Turkey Prime Minister-designate Bulent Ecevit abandoned efforts to form a new government.
    (SFC, 12/22/98, p.C4)

1998        Dec 22, The women's American Basketball League folded in the midst of its 3rd season.
    (SFC, 12/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 22, The Energy Dept. for the first time awarded a billion-dollar contract to the Tennessee Valley Authority to produce tritium at a TVA nuclear reactor for military use.
    (SFC, 12/23/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 22, US gas stations faced this day’s deadline to replace or improve their underground fuel tanks. Thousands of rural gas stations were expected to go out of business due to the costs.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/22/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 22, The Bil Mar meat packing plant in Michigan recalled 35 million pounds of hot dogs and lunch meats following the deaths of 16 people due to the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes. In Jan. another 30 million pounds were recalled from the Thorn Apple Valley plant in Arkansas.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A7)
1998        Dec 22, In Angola rebels shelled Kuito and 26 people were reported killed. Some 60,000 refugees had fled there to escape fighting elsewhere.
    (WSJ, 12/23/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 22, A third Chinese dissident, Qin Yongmin, was sentenced to prison for trying to organize an opposition party.
    (AP, 12/22/99)
1998        Dec 22, In Iraq UN aid groups returned to Baghdad.
    (WSJ, 12/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 22, In Lebanon an Israeli rocket killed woman and her 6 children.
    (SFC, 12/23/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 22, In South Africa Gugu Dlamini (36), an AIDS activist, died from wounds inflicted by a mob.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A7)

1998        Dec 23, The US and Russia signed a $625 million food aid pact.
    (WSJ, 12/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 23, In California two days of severe cold caused an estimated $591 million in agricultural damage. Hard hit were the lemon and navel orange crop of the central San Joaquin Valley. Damage estimates later rose to over $700 million.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.D1)(SFC, 4/2/99, p.)
1998        Dec 23, Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer, died in New York at age 87. His work included "Children of Arbat," written in 1966 but not published until 1987. His anti-Stalinist novel, "Leto v Sosnyakakh" (Summer in Sosnyaki) was published in 1964. His first novel was "Kortik" (The Dagger), which established him in 1948 as a writer of adventure stories for children.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.B2)
1998        Dec 23, In Angola government forces retook the towns of Vila Nova and Caala.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Dec 23, In Belgium the top court convicted former NATO chief Willy Claes, French aerospace tycoon Serge Dessault and 2 ex-aides of corruption in the Agusta scandal. All got suspended sentences. Guy Spitaels (1931-2012), a Belgian socialist leader, was also convicted in the bribery scandal linked to the purchase of Italian helicopters for the air force.
    (WSJ, 12/24/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/21/12)
1998        Dec 23, An Indonesian military court charged 11 soldiers with kidnapping dissidents before the ouster of Suharto. Prabowo Subianto, a son-in-law of Suharto led the unit and has since fled to Jordan and become a citizen.
    (WSJ, 12/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 23, In Lebanon Hezbollah guerrillas retaliated against Israel with Katyusha rockets at Kiryat Shemona on Israel's northern border in retaliation for an Israeli air raid a day earlier..
    (SFC, 12/23/98, p.A10)(AP, 12/23/99)
1998        Dec 23, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat freed Hamas spiritual leader Sheik Ahmed Yassin from house arrest, a move denounced by Israel.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.A10) (AP, 12/23/99)   
1998        Dec 23, In Turkey Pres. Demirel asked Yalim Erez, the acting trade minister of Kurdish origin, to form a new government.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Dec 23, In Sri Lanka at least 30 insurgents were killed in Oddusuddan in the heaviest fighting in months.
    (USAT, 12/23/98, p.8A)

1998        Dec 24, In New Jersey a bus carrying New Yorkers to Atlantic City casinos skidded and flipped on the Garden State Parkway. 8 people were killed and 15 injured.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 24, Most of California's citrus crop was considered ruined after three consecutive nights of freezing cold.
    (AP, 12/24/99)
1998        Dec 24, In Angola a rebel attack on Kuito killed 30 people and wounded 37. Nine of the dead, killed by mortar fire, had sought refuge in a Catholic church.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A12)
1998        Dec 24, In Tbilisi, Georgia, gunmen killed Greek diplomat Anastasius Mizitrasos.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.A19)
1998        Dec 24, In Israel Gen'l. Amnon Lipkin-Shahak left the armed forces and said he would help lead new centrist political party against Prime Minister Netanyahu in spring elections.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.B8)
1998        Dec 24, In Podujevo, Yugoslavia, Serb forces used tanks and armored vehicles against separatist guerrillas breaking a 2-month cease fire. Ignoring NATO warnings, Serb tanks and troops struck an ethnic Albanian stronghold in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.A15)(AP, 12/24/99)

1998        Dec 25, Seven days into their journey, American millionaire Steve Fossett, British mogul Richard Branson and Per Lindstrom of Sweden set down their ICO Global Challenger balloon in the Pacific near Honolulu. This ended their latest effort to circumnavigate the world.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/25/99)
1998        Dec 25, A storm snapped power lines in Virginia and left thousands without power as cold weather hit across the South.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A9)
1998        Dec 25, Belarus Pres. Lukashenko and Russian Pres. Boris Yeltsin declared an agreement to begin unifying their currencies and economies next year.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 25, In Lima, Peru, a tear gas bomb caused a stampede in a disco and 9 young people, 13-21, were crushed to death. The bomb was said to have been thrown by members of a youth gang.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 25, In Sierra Leone Sam Bockarie of the Revolutionary United Front said that his rebels would march into Freetown on New Year's Day unless the government agreed to terms that included the release of Foday Sankoh. Rebels had captured Makeni and were battling for Kenema.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 25, In Serbia US diplomats in Kosovo persuaded army officers to pull back some of their forces.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A8)

1998        Dec 26, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, urged Congress to lower the blood-alcohol limit for drunken driving nationwide to 0.08 percent to conform with 17 states and the District of Columbia. The other 33 states have 0.10.
    (AP, 12/26/99)
1998        Dec 26, In Angola a transport plane with 14 people aboard crashed near Vila Nova, an area of continued fighting. 8 of the passengers were members of a UN Observer Mission. UNITA rebels reportedly held some of the survivors. A rescue team reached the site Jan 8 and there were no survivors.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A22)(SFC, 12/29/98, p.A8)(SFC, 1/2/99, p.A9)(SFC, 1/9/99, p.A10)
1998        Dec 26, In Cambodia 2 aides of the late Pol Pot, Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea, emerged from the jungle and expressed in writing their desire to become ordinary citizens and allegiance to the government. Prime Minister Hun Sen welcomed them and spoke against a trial and reopening old wounds.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A22)(SFC, 12/29/98, p.A8)
1998        Dec 26, Iraq fired on Western aircraft patrolling the southern no-fly zone and said it would shoot at all military aircraft patrolling no-fly zones.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 26, In Sierra Leone residents in Freetown burned alive 2 suspected rebel spies. The rebel United Front reported that it had killed 60 Nigerian soldiers of ECOMOG. Defenses in Freetown were bolstered by Kamajor militia.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A23)
1998        Dec 26, In Vietnam it was reported that foreign investment had dropped 46% this year due to difficult business conditions that included a "nightmarish bureaucracy," inefficient dual-pricing, and partnerships that placed total risk on foreign investors.
    (SFC, 12/26/98, p.A9)

1998        Dec 27, Six inmates, including four convicted killers, escaped from Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Tennessee. All were recaptured by the end of next day.
    (AP, 12/27/99)
1998        Dec 27, A vaccine for AIDS by VaxGen Inc. of South San Francisco was reported to be in Phase III clinical trials. It was derived from g-120, a genetically engineered protein copied from a protein found in the HIV virus. Other vaccines were also under development.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 27, In Michigan 6 children of Femeeka O'Steen (27) died of smoke inhalation in Detroit as their mother recovered in a hospital after giving birth.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A2)
1998        Dec 27, A week after she was born weighing just 10.3 ounces, the smallest of the Houston Chukwu octuplets, Chijindu Chidera, died.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A1) (AP, 12/27/99)
1998        Dec 27, In Algeria armed groups attacked 2 villages and killed at least 30 people at Khenis Miliana and Ain N'Sour.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A8)
1998        Dec 27, In China a 4th dissident for democracy received a 10 year prison sentence for speaking to a reported by telephone about farmer's protests.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 27, In Colombia a natural gas pipeline exploded in Arroyo de Piedra and killed 12 people.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 29, In Colombia rebels claimed to have killed a right-wing paramilitary leader in a weekend capture of his northern stronghold.
    (WSJ, 12/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 27, In the Congo Republic troops from Angola, allied to Pres. Sassou-Nguesso, killed dozens of people in a weekend attack on Nkayi.
    (WSJ, 12/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 27, Iraq said it would reject any extension of a UN monitored food program and would require monitors to leave.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 27, In Mexico 2 Huichol Indians, Juan Chivarrer Lopez and Miguel Hernandez de la Cruz, were arrested for the murder of reporter Philip True.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 27, In Russia the first group of 10 solid-fuel Topol-M missiles was to be inaugurated by Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev. They were designed to replace the multiple warhead missiles banned by START II.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A20)
1998        Dec 27, In Sierra Leone Nigerian jets killed some 50 rebels in Makeni and ECOMOG forces took control following fierce fighting.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 27, In Tonga Cyclone Cora hit the islands and destroyed all the banana trees.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)

1998        Dec 28, In Riverside, Ca., Tyisha Miller (19) was killed by a hail of police bullets as she sat in her car with a gun. Her car had some 27 bullet holes. Miller died from bullets to her head and chest with a total of 12 bullets in her body. A coroner's report later said that she was legally drunk with traces of marijuana present. In May, 1999, four police officers were cleared of criminal charges in the killing. The case remained under FBI investigation for civil rights violations. In July officers Paul Bugar (24), Wayne Stewart (26), Daniel Hotard (23) and Michael Alagna( 27) were fired. Sgt. Gregory Preece (38), supervisor of the 4 officers, was told he would be fired July 27. Riverside agreed to pay Miller’s family $3 million in 2000.
    (SFC, 12/30/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A5)(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A12)(SFC, 5/7/99, p.A7)(SFC, 7/14/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/28/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/27/00, p.A5)
1998        Dec 28, American aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone in Iraq destroyed an air defense site after the battery opened fire on them. President Clinton said there would be no letup in American and British pressure on Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/28/99)
1998         Dec 28, In the SF Bay Area fog closed all the major airports and stranded thousands of travelers.
    (WSJ, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 28, At least 6 sailors were feared dead from a gale that struck off Australia during the Sydney-to-Hobart yacht race. Oracle CEO Larry Ellison skippered the Sayonara to victory.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 28, In Yemen Islamic militants kidnapped 16 Western tourists. The demanded the release of Saleh Haidara al-Atwi and another top militant arrested 2 weeks ago.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A8)

1998        Dec 29, In Nevada 31 wild horses were found shot to death by rifle fire at close range at Devil's Flat near Washoe Valley.
    (SFC, 12/30/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 29, Two top Khmer Rouge leaders apologized for the deaths of as many as 2 million people during their regime in the 1970s, and asked Cambodians to forget the past.
    (AP, 12/29/99)
1998        Dec 29, In Colombia rebels claimed to have killed a right-wing paramilitary leader, Carlos Castano, in a weekend capture of his northern stronghold. Other sources denied the report.
    (WSJ, 12/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 29, In Cyprus Pres. Glafcos Clerides decided not to import Russian-made anti-aircraft missiles in order to reduce tensions with Turkey.
    (SFC, 12/30/98, p.A8)
1998        Dec 29, In Kosovo 5 Albanians died in fighting with Serb police as NATO repeated threats of airstrikes. A group of US senators proposed to offer Milosevic sanctuary in a 3rd nation if he would step down.
    (WSJ, 12/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 29, In Lebanon the Israeli army assassinated Zahi Naim Hadr Ahmed Mahabi, a top Hezbollah explosives expert.
    (SFC, 1/2/99, p.C12)
1998        Dec 29, In Yemen security forces attacked the kidnappers of 16 and 4 hostages were killed. The freed tourists said that government forces initiated the battle that left 3 Britons and an Australian dead.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 30, Weak but radiant, Nkem Chukwu, mother of the Houston octuplets, was released from the hospital.
    (AP, 12/30/99)
1998        Dec 30, In Angola rebels bombarded Huambo and killed 5 people.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 28, In Argentina Ruben Franco, a former Admiral, was arrested on charges of being a central organizer of the baby kidnappings during the dirty war.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 30, In Colombia officials found at least 11 burned and dismembered bodies in El Diamante.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)

1998    Dec 30-1999 Jan 1, Some 500 people were massacred in eastern Congo during the 3 day New Year holiday. The killings were by soldiers aligned with rebels led by Tutsi, but the victims were not Hutu.
    (SFC, 1/6/99, p.A7)

1998        Dec 30, Iraq again fired at US warplanes the missile site was destroyed in response.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 31, In New Orleans a truck loaded with fireworks exploded prior to a New Years Eve show. 2 technicians were killed.
    (SFC, 1/2/99, p.A12)
1998        Dec 31, In Cambodia Hun Sen said he would not oppose a trial of the 2 recently emerged Khmer Rouge defectors. The National Assembly passed a $393.4 million budget that included $133 million for defense and security.
    (SFC, 1/2/99, p.A8)(SFC, 1/2/99, p.C12)
1998        Dec 31, In China the collected villages of Bujun in Sichuan province cast ballots for their own magistrate.
    (SFC, 1/26/99, p.A13)
1998        Dec 31, Europe's leaders proclaimed a new era as 11 nations merged currencies to create the euro, a shared money they said would boost business, underpin unity and strengthen their role in world affairs.
    (AP, 12/31/99)

1998        Dec, The 70,000 ton, 2,040 passenger Paradise cruise ship, a nonsmoking vessel by Carnival Cruise Lines, was scheduled to debut.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, p.T5)
1998        Dec, The 2nd 85,000 ton Disney cruise ship Disney Wonder was scheduled to debut.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, p.T5)
1998        Dec, Work on San Francisco’s Central Freeway was scheduled to begin.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A13)
1998        Dec, PayPal was established as Cofinity, a company that developed security software for handheld devices. It was co-founded by Max Levchin, Peter Thiel, Luke Nosek and Ken Howery. In March 2000, Confinity merged with X.com, an online banking company founded by Elon Musk.
1998        Dec, A Dutch auditor working for the European Commission charged that commissioners were awarding contracts to friends and relatives.
    (SFC, 1/12/99, p.A8)
1998        Dec, In the Bahamas the new $750 million Atlantis resort was scheduled to be completed on Paradise Island. It was developed under Solomon Kerzner, chairman of Sun Int’l. Hotels.
    (WSJ, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec, In the Congo a referendum on the new constitution was scheduled.
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A16)
1998        Dec, Banca Etica, an Italian ethical bank, was authorized to start operating as a bank. Executive pay is not allowed to exceed six times the lowest wage at the bank.
    (http://banca-etica.com/inglese/default.php?ID=1748&anteprima=)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.70)
1998        Dec, In New Caledonia a referendum for a 2-year transition to independence was to be voted upon, but Kanak leaders agreed to a further delay of 15-20 years.
    (SFC, 4/22/98, p.A9)(Econ, 5/25/13, p.42)
1998        Dec, Ununquadium, element 114, was discovered. It was reported in January 1999 by scientists at Dubna (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) in Russia. The same team produced another isotope of Uuq three months later and confirmed the synthesis in 2004 and 2006. Ununquadium can be synthesized by bombarding plutonium 244 targets with calcium 48 heavy ion beams.
1998        Dec, In Sweden a Latvian team won the first European championships in Fire Sculpture.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.D5)

1998        Fouad Ajami (b.1945 in Lebanon) authored "The Dream Palace of the Arabs." It describes the emergence and collapse of the Arab enlightenment following WW I.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)
1998        Elizabeth Aldrich edited "The Int’l. Encyclopedia of Dance." The 6-volume work began in at a conference of dance critics in 1974 under founding editor Selma Jean Cohen.
    (WSJ, 4/21/98, p.A21)
1998        Arthur C. Aufderheide and Conrado Rodriguez-Martin published "The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology."
    (NH, 9/98, p.12)
1998        In France Eric Baratay and Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier authored "Zoo: A History of Zoological Gardens in the West." An English translation by Oliver Welsh was published in 2002.
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M6)
1998        Harold Bloom published "Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human."
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W8)
1998        David Brin authored “The Transparent Society." He suggested that the issue is no longer how to prevent the spread of surveillance, but how to live in a world in which surveillance is always a possibility.
    (Econ, 12/4/04, TQ p.31)
1998        Douglas Brinkley published his 628-page work: "American Heritage History of the United States."
    (WSJ, 12/31/98, p.A8)
1998        Tom Brokaw, anchorman for NBC News, authored "The Greatest Generation," a tribute to the people who came of age during WW II.
    (WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A1)
1998        Thomas Cahill published "The Gifts of the Jews: How a Tribe of Desert Nomads Changed the Way Everyone Thinks and Feels." It was the 2nd of his projected 7-volume "The Hinges of History" series.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, BR p.7)
1998        Former Pres. Jimmy Carter published "The Virtues of Ageing."
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.D1)
1998        John L. Casti published "The Cambridge Quintet: A Work of Scientific Speculation." The author imagines a 1949 dinner party with Ludwig Wittgenstein, J.B.S. Haldane, Erwin Schrodinger, Alan Turing and C.P. Snow. A lively discussion revolves around artificial intelligence and the question: Can a machine think?
    (NH, 10/98, p.14)
1998        K.C. Cole wrote "The Universe and the Teacup: The Mathematics of Truth and Beauty."
    (SFC, 2/5/98, p.E3)
1998        Michael Connelly authored his novel “Blood Work," the tale of a retired FBI agent who  investigates the death of a young woman whose heart he received in surgery. In 2002 the book was turned into a film directed by Clint Eastwood. Terrell Hansen (d.2007), a heart transplant recipient and friend of Connelly, inspired the story.
    (SFC, 1/8/07, p.B5)
1998        Charles Corn wrote "The Scents of Eden: A Narrative of the Spice Trade."
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.F4)
1998        Diane Coyle authored “Weightless World: Strategies for Managing the Digital Economy." It was about a future in which bytes are the only currency and the things that shape our lives have literally no weight.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, SR p.15)
1998        Edward Craig, general editor, steered to completion the "Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy." It had 8,680 pages and cost $2,495.
    (WSJ, 12/28/98, p.a12)
1998         David Dary published: "Red Blood and Black Ink: Journalism in the Old West."
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)
1998        L.J. Davis (1940-2011), journalist and novelist, authored “The Billionaire Shell Game," a critical look at the evolution of cable television.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.C8)
1998        Thomas M. Disch published "The Dreams Our Stuff Is made Of," a History of Science Fiction.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, BR p.5)
1998        Carl Djerassi, scientist and author, published the 4th novel of his sci-fi tetrology: "NO." It was a story about the development of nitric oxide for sexual arousal.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, BR p.3)
1998        Tristan Egolf (1972-2005) authored “Lord of the Barnyard," a sprawling story of a farm boy’s misadventures.
    (SFC, 5/12/05, p.B6)
1998        Michael Eisner, CEO of Disney, published his "Work in Progress" with help from Tony Schwartz.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A16)
1998        Blake Eskin compiled "The Book of Political Lists" for George Mag. The book was filled with "delightfully useless factoids."
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.W14)
1998        Milton Friedman (1912-2006), American economist, and his wife Rose authored "Two Lucky People," a memoir.
    (WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A20)(Econ, 3/6/04, p.74)
1998        Carlotta Gall and Thomas de Waal wrote "Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus," and Anatol Lieven wrote "Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power."
    (WSJ, 6/9/98, p.A16)(HN, 7/21/98)
1998        Thomas Golz published "Azerbaijan Diary: A Rogue Reporter’s Adventures in an Oil-Rich, War-Torn, Post-Soviet Republic." It was about his experiences there during the 1991-1992 political changes.
    (WSJ, 7/21/98, p.A12)
1998        John Grisham published "The Street Lawyer," the best selling, fiction hardback of the year (2.5 mil copies.)
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R25)
1998        Peter Hall, urban planner and thinker, published "Cities in Civilization."
    (WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A20)
1998        William Herrick (83) published his memoir "Jumping the Line." Included in the work is his story of the time he spent with the Lincoln Battalion in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The events were fictionalized in his 1969 novel "Hermanos."
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A17)
1998        The book "Into Africa: A Journey Through Ancient Empires" was written by Sheila Hirtle and Marq de Villiers.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T7)
1998        Nansook Hong, former daughter-in-law of Rev. Sun Myung Moon, authored "In the Shadow of the Moons," a memoir of her turbulent 14-year marriage to Moon’s eldest son, Hyo Jin Moon.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, p.A15)
1998        Michel Houellebecq authored “Les Particules Elementaires" (The Elementary Particles), a nihilist novel that looked at the current era from the year 2079. In it 2 half brothers served as emblems of 2 self-destructive tendencies in modern life: radical individual autonomy and technological perfection. It created a literary scandal in France and was denounced as racist, fascist, sexist, and homophobic. An English translation came out in 2000.
    (WSJ, 11/15/00, p.A24)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.87)(WSJ, 5/27/06, p.P8)
1998        Robert J. Hutchinson published "When in Rome: A Journal of Life in Vatican City."
    (SFEC, 8/9/98, p.T8)
1998        Paul Johnson, a British critic, published: "A History of the American People." It was organized along the traditional succession of presidential administrations, based on secondary sources and restorationist in intent.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.3)
1998        Wayne Johnson authored his novel “The Colony of Unrequited Dreams," set in Canada’s province of Labrador.
    (Econ, 8/19/17, p.28)
1998        In France Christine Deviers-Joncour (51) published "The Whore of the Republic." In it she told how she had been hired in 1989 by state-owned Elf oil company to use her wiles on foreign minister Roland Dumas to go along with a sale of 6 French-made warships to Taiwan.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A14)
1998        Tibor Kalman published "Chairman," a tribute to Swiss chair entrepreneur Rolf Fehlbaum, head of the Vitra furniture company. It traces the development of chairs through history.
    (SFEM, 5/17/98, p.32)
1998        Richard Katz published "Japan: The System That Soured." It was about the rise and fall of Japan’s economics following WW II.
    (WSJ, 8/4/98, p.A16)
1998        Gina Kolata published "Clone: The Road to Dolly, and the Path Ahead."
    (NH, 9/98, p.11)
1998        Ray Kurzweil, computer scientist, published "The Age of Spiritual Machines."
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.D1)
1998        Robert Lacy published a history of Sotheby’s auction house: "Sotheby’s: Bidding for Class." It tells mostly about those who rode to the top of the organization.
    (WSJ, 6/26/98, p.W9)
1998        David S. Landes published "The Wealth and Poverty of Nations," an economic world history.
    (WSJ, 3/11/98, p.A18)
1998        George L. Lankevich published "American Metropolis: A History of New York City."
    (WSJ, 8/21/98, p.W6)
1998        Edward Lazarus authored "Closed Chambers: The Rise, Fall and Future of the Modern Supreme Court."
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A3)
1998        Robert Levine published his book "A Geography of Time" in which he traces out the history of clocks and cultural values in relation to time.
    (SFC, 1/16/98, p.D14)
1998        Jack Lind, a Danish journalist in San Francisco, authored “"Leo’s Place, An Oral History of the Beats in San Francisco’s North Beach."
    (SFC, 3/14/15, p.C2)
1998        The period 1901-1969 is covered in the 1998 book "A Thread of Years" by John Lukacs.
    (WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A20)
1998        Alain Mabanckou authored his first novel “Bleu, Blanc Rouge." Mabanckou left Congo-Brazzaville in 1989 to study law in France, but within a decade quit as a corporate lawyer.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.81)
1998        Noel Malcolm published "Kosovo: A Short History," a history of the troubled region and Albania. Malcolm earlier wrote "Bosnia: A Short History."
    (WSJ, 5/5/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.8)
1998        The French book "The City of Man," by Pierre Manent was translated to English by Marc A. LePain. It was a philosophical assault on the principles of modernity that began with the Enlightenment.
    (WSJ, 6/18/98, p.A16)
1998        Sean McPhilemy published "The Committee: Political Assassination in Northern Ireland." He outlined a secret alliance of 50-60 individuals who conspired with police officials to murder political enemies.
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)
1998        Jeffrey Meyers published the biography "Gary Cooper: American Hero."
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.D3)
1998        Daniel Patrick Moynihan, scholar, statesman and senator, authored "Secrecy," in which he shows how parts of the US government came to deny vital information to the public and to lawmakers.
    (WSJ, 10/29/98, p.A20)
1998        Robert Fred Mozley (d.1999), prof. of physics at Stanford, published "Politics and Technology of Nuclear Proliferation."
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A17)
1998        Sylvia Nasar authored “A Beautiful Mind," the story of mathematician John Nash. In 2002 the film version by Ron Howard won an Oscar.
    (AARP, 11/05, p.85)
1998        Alexander Nehamas authored "The Art of Living: Socratic Reflections from Plato to Foucault."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.8)
1998        Victoria Newhouse authored “Towards a New Museum."
1998        Timothy O’Brian authored his book on gambling: "Bad Bet."
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)
1998        Michael B.A. Oldstone published Viruses, Plagues and History.
    (NH, 9/98, p.9)
1998        Susan Orman published "The Nine Steps to Financial Freedom," the best selling nonfiction hardback of the year (1.4 million copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R25)
1998        The book "Father India: How Encounters with an Ancient Culture Transformed the Modern West" was written by Jeffery Paine.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, p.)
1998        Roy Porter published "The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity from Antiquity to the Present."
    (WSJ, 4/3/98, p.W10)
1998        Virginia Postrel published "The Future and Its Enemies." She argued that if Americans do not meet the future in the proper spirit, that they would miss its benefits. She championed a new party of "dynamists," who believe that society is better off embracing growth and technological progress that with the status quo and stability.
    (WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A20)
1998        In China Ms. He Qinglian published "The Trap of Modernization." She warned that China was heading toward joint rule by the government and a Mafia.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A13)
1998        Donald Roberts co-authored "It’s Not Only Rock and Roll: Popular Music in the Lives of Adolescents."
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.D1)
1998        Marilynne Robinson authored "The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought." She asserts in 10 essays that "the prevailing view of things can be assumed to be wrong."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.5)
1998        Wendy Goldman Rohm published "The Microsoft File: The Secret Case Against Bill Gates."
    (SFEC, 10/11/98, BR p.6)
1998        Philip Roth (b.1933) authored his novel “American Pastoral," set in Newark, NJ.
    (Econ, 4/2/11, p.72)
1998        Sue Savage-Rumbaugh wrote "Apes, Language, and the Human Mind." It was based on her work with Kanzi, a bonobo ape, that began in 1980 at the Georgia State Univ. Language Research Center.
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.8)
1998        Louis Sachar authored "Holes," a novel about kids in prison in Texas. It was made into a film in 2003.
    (SFC, 5/5/03, p.D1)
1998        Taichi Sakaiya published his serialized novel "Japan: 2018," that describes a Japanese economic decline beginning in the 1990s.
    (WSJ, 5/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Mandy Sayer of Australia published her novel "Dreamtime Alice." It was about her years performing as a tap dancer on the streets of Manhattan and New Orleans with her father, a drummer, in the 1960s.
    (WSJ, 5/20/98, p.A12)
1998        Gunther Schuller, educator, composer and scholar, authored "The Complete Conductor."
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.B1)
1998        James Seymour and Richard Anderson (nom de plume of an anonymous researcher) published "New Ghosts, Old Ghosts," an examination of the "laogai" (reform through labor) prison camps of China.
    (WSJ, 11/9/98, p.A21)
1998        Carl Shapiro and Hal Varian, economists at UC Berkeley, authored "Information Rules," a work on how to do business in an economy based on software, information and other intangible assets.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.D1)
1998        Lee M. Silver published "Remaking Eden: Cloning and Beyond in a Brave New World."
    (NH, 9/98, p.11)
1998        Sherry Sontag and Christopher Drew wrote "Blind Man’s Bluff," an account of the US-Russian secret submarine operations from the beginning of the Cold War to the present.
    (WSJ, 11/11/98, p.A1)
1998        George Soros published "The Crisis of Global Capitalism." The work was an amalgam of political philosophy, personal memoir and economic analysis.
    (WSJ, 12/8/98, p.A20)
1998        Thomas Sowell published "Conquests and Cultures," the 3rd of a trilogy that included "Race and Culture" and "Migrations and Cultures." He concludes, among other things, that cultures are critical in determining economic success.
    (WSJ, 5/19/98, p.A20)
1998        Tama Starr and Edward Hayman authored their history of outdoor advertising: "Signs and Wonders."
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)
1998        Gloria Steinem edited "The Reader’s Companion To U.S. Women’s History." Writers included Steinem, Wilma Mankiller, Gwendolyn Mink, Marysa Navarro and Barbara Smith.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.2)
1998        Mitchell Stephens authored "The Rise of the Image, The Fall of the Word." He defends the use of quick-cut imagery in film and video and sees it as the birth of a new communication technology which humans will adjust to, adapt, and embrace.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, BR p.2)
1998        Charles L. Sullivan authored “A Companion to California Wine: An Encyclopedia of Wine and Winemaking from the Mission Period to the Present."
1998        Liz Tilberis (d.1999 at 51), editor in chief of Harper's Bazaar, authored "No Time to Die," a description of her battle with ovarian cancer.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.D2)
1998        Ben Fong-Torres authored "The Hits Just Keep Coming: The History of Top 40 Radio."
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3,11)
1998        Michael Tournier’s book, "The Mirror of Ideas," was translated into English from the French. The 58 essays revived the ancient notion that a limited number of concepts and categories govern all our thoughts, and that their staying power is owed to our custom of pairing them off.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.8)
1998        Dmitri Volkogonov published "Autopsy for an Empire: The Seven Leaders Who Built the Soviet Regime." He covered Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Andropov, Chernenko and Gorbachev.
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A20)
1998        Kurt Vonnegut (77) published "Timequake." His total output was 19 books that included 14 novels. In 1999 his early short stories were published under the title "Bagomgo Snuff Box."
    (SFEC, 10/24/99, BR p.3)
1998        Sheldon Watts published "Epidemics and History: Disease, Power and Imperialism."
    (NH, 9/98, p.9)
1998        Gary Webb (1955-2004), former San Jose news reporter, authored “Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Webb)(SFC, 12/13/04, p.B3)
1998        "Eudora Welty: Complete Novels" and Eudora Welty: Stories, Essays and Memoir" were published by the Library of America.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A26)
1998        John Wheeler (1911-2008), former Princeton physicist and member of the Manhattan Project, authored his autobiography “Geons, Black Holes & Quantum Foam: A Life in Physics."
    (SFC, 4/16/08, p.B11)
1998        The book "Lisbon" by Julia Wilkinson was published by Lonely Planet. It covered the cultural and historical aspects of the city as well as current details.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.T7)
1998        Edward O. Wilson published "Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge."
    (WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)
1998        James Wynbrandt published "The Excruciating History of Dentistry: Toothsome Tales & Oral Oddities From Babylon to Braces."
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.7)
1998        Daniel Yergin and Joseph Stanislaw authored "Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economy." In 2002 PBS ran a TV version in 3 parts.
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.W15)
1998        Larry Zuckerman published "The Potato: How the Humble Spud Rescued the Western World."
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.8E)

1998        Helgi Tomassen created the ballet "Silver Ladders" to music by Joan Tower.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.B1)

1998        Bob Harris, comedy writer, won 5 games in a row on Jeopardy, which was the limit at this time. He was later invited back for several tournament of Champion competitions. In 2006 he authored “Prisoner of Trebekistan," an account of his Jeopardy experiences. 
    (WSJ, 9/16/06, p.P10)(http://tinyurl.com/nn56e)

1998        Gavin Bryars released his CD "A Man in a Room Gambling." It was released on the Point Music label and teaches how to cheat at cards.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A20)

1998        Joni Mitchell (54) released her CD "Taming the Tiger."
    (SFEM, 11/1/98, p.6)

1998        David Del Tredici premiered "The Spider and the Fly" with the New York Philharmonic.
    (WSJ, 4/23/99, W6)

1998        At Fort Meade in Anne Arundel County, Md., a new $30 million building was constructed for the Defense Information School. The Pentagon now sends 3,500 military journalists there each year for training following consolidation of military journalism schools in Colorado, Indiana and Florida.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A7)

1998        Chilean poet Gonzalo Rojas won the Mexican Octavio Paz Prize for poetry and essay writing.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.E5)

1998        In Chicago demolition began on the 28 towers of the Robert Taylor projects. Their construction had only been completed in 1962. In 2008 Sudhir Venkatesh authored “Gang Leader for a Day: A Rogue Sociologist Takes to the Streets," a description of the author’s seven years (1989-1996) following J.T., a gang leader in the projects.
    (WSJ, 12/19/00, p.A14)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.81)

1998        Ave Montague (d.2009 at 64), arts impresario and publicist, founded the San Francisco Black film Festival.
    (SFC, 1/28/09, p.B10)

1998        Dorothy J. Gaiter and John Brecher began their Wall Street Journal column on wine. Their first article was about American Merlot.
    (WSJ, 2/20/04, p.W4)(WSJ, 3/21/08, p.W3)

1998        Kathy Giusti and her twin sister founded the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF), to raise money and awareness to jumpstart research for treating multiple myeloma, a form of cancer.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, TQp.34)

1998        Margot Magowan and Naomi Wolf purchased 368 acres in upstate New York and founded the Woodhull Institute to help women spur each other to success.
    (SSFC, 10/11/03, p.E7)

1998        Pres. Clinton signed the Internet Tax Freedom Act. It mandated a moratorium on any state or local taxes on Internet access.
    (WSJ, 12/8/03, p.B1)
1998        Pres. Clinton signed the Int’l. Religious Freedom Act.
    (WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A8)

1998        US government officials, charged with mismanaging trust funds for American Indians, shredded 162 boxes of records. This was disclosed by a federal judge in 1999.
    (SFC, 12/7/99, p.A6)

1998        The CIA began to send teams of American officers to northern Afghanistan to convince Ahmed Shah Masood to capture and perhaps kill Osama bin Laden.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A14)

1998        The US Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) produced reports about a hijacking threat posed by al Qaeda, including the possibility of an attempt to use a commercial jet against a US landmark. This information part of a Sept. 11 Commission report in 2004 and was made public in 2005.
    (SFC, 9/14/05, p.A3)

1998        US law required digital stations to pay fees to artists whenever a song is played.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.74)

1998        Felix Sater, a Russian-American businessman, began cooperating with the US government after pleading guilty to participating in a $40 million stock-fraud case involving New York mafia figures. After entering his plea, Sater spent years working hand-in-hand with the CIA and the FBI to target New York organized crime families and Al Qaeda.
    (The Daily Beast, 8/23/19)

1998        Arthur Anderson & Co. agreed to pay $75 million to settle shareholder suits arising from an accounting scandal at Waste Management.
    (WSJ, 6/7/02, p.A6)

1998        Wendy Gramm, former head of the White House office of Information and Regulatory Affairs under Ronald Reagan, started a regulatory review group at the Mercatus think tank. Mercatus, associated with Virginia’s George Mason Univ., was founded by economist Richard Fink, who joined Koch Industries in 1990.
    (WSJ, 7/16/04, p.A1)

1998        US federal prosecutors in NY brought charges of fraud against Livent Inc., the Toronto-based producer of “Phantom of the Opera." US authorities deferred to their Canadian counterparts as Canadian police charged founder Garth Drabinsky and other executives with fraud. A trial was slated to begin in 2007.
    (WSJ, 10/27/05, p.C1)

1998        The US FDA approved Actiq, a potent narcotic, for cancer patients suffering from pain that other narcotics did not relieve. By 2006 its use had spread to a much wider cohort.
    (WSJ, 11/3/06, p.A1)
1998        The US began to fortify grains for bread and cereal with folic acid. By 2009 this led to a 31% decline in cases of spina bifida.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.70)

1998        The Washington National Airport was renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.

1998        Arizona enacted covenant marriage legislation that was designed to make divorce much more difficult for couples that choose the option.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.31)
1998        Michael Block and his wife Olga founded their first BASIS school in Tucson, Arizona. A 2nd campus was later added in Scottsdale. Their grade 5-12 charter schools strived to compete with the best schools in the world.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.40)(www.greatschools.net/arizona/tucson/1560-BASIS-Tucson/)

1998        California voters approved the nation’s first and only law outlawing the killing of horses for human consumption. In the US 3 firms operated three plants that slaughtered horses. The 2 plants in Texas and one in Illinois were owned by French and Belgian firms.
    (SFC, 4/3/06, p.A10)
1998        Oakland police began its "Operation Beat Feet" in which cars used in drug and prostitution offenses were seized.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, p.A24)
1998        Paul Rice founded TransFairUSA in Oakland, Ca., in an effort to assist coffee growers in Nicaragua. The organization, later renamed Fair Trade USA, certified products as fair trade. Importers and retailers paid a premium to farmers committed to producing goods in accordance with standards that guarantee worker rights and environmental sustainability.
    (SFC, 11/20/08, p.A14)(SSFC, 4/15/12, p.D1)
1998        Carole Meredith, UC Davis plant geneticist, identified the Durif grape as a cross between the French grape Peloursin and Syrah. The Durif grape was named by Francois Durif, botanist and grape breeder, around 1880 as the result of an unintended crossing between two varieties. California vines labeled Petite Sirah had already been identified as Durif.
    (SFC, 1/20/05, p.F5)
1998        The Viognier Guild changed its name to Hospice du Rhone and settled in Paso Robles, Ca., at the Mid-State Fairgrounds. Hospice became the pre-eminent celebration of Rhone varietal wines in the USA.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.G7)

1998        The homes of 7 families at the abandoned submarine base of Fort Trumbull, Connecticut, were compulsorily purchased by the New London Development Corporation (NLDC), a private non-profit body. In 2005 in Kelo vs. New London a divided US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that local governments may seize people's homes and businesses against their will for private development.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.31)(AP, 6/23/05)(WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A1)

1998        Colorado voters elected Tom Tancredo to US Congress.

1998        Florida passed a Religious Freedom Restoration Act which said governments cannot impose a "substantial burden" on people's freedom of religious expression.
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.A2)
1998        In Florida 18 people were arrested over a scam involving postal votes in Miami's mayoral election.
    (Econ, 4/18/20, p.10)
1998        Bebe Rebozo, Miami businessman, died and left a $19 million bequest to Richard Nixon’s presidential library.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A3)

1998        A Kentucky law required abortion clinics to have written agreements with a hospital and an ambulance service in case of emergencies. In 2020 a federal appeals court upheld the law.
    (SFC, 10/20/20, p.A6)

1998        The Nevada nuclear dump site at Yucca Mountain was originally scheduled to open this year. In 2006 the US Dept. of Energy announced that it would not open until 2017.
    (SFC, 7/24/06, p.A1)

1998        In North Carolina remains of a boy were found under a billboard. In 2018 he was identified as Robert "Bobby" Adam Whitt (10), who was born in Michigan and raised in Ohio. Police determined an unidentified woman whose remains were found in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, around the same time was Bobby's mother.
    (AP, 2/5/19)

1998        In Astoria, Or., the 1st fisherman poet festival was organized.
    (WSJ, 3/28/01, p.)
1998        The Nez Pierce tribe returned to its ancient homeland in Oregon after 121 years of exile.
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)
1998        Oregon passed a law that allowed adult adoptees to access their birth records. The law became effective in 2000 after the Supreme Court ended an appeals process.
    (SFC, 5/31/00, p.A7)
1998        In Oregon 15 terminally ill people took advantage of the new assisted suicide law.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A3)
1998        In Portland, Or., the 18-mile West Side MAX, Metropolitan Area Express, light rail system began operating.
    (WSJ, 12/2/99, p.A1)
1998        An arson fire at US Forest Industries in Medford, Or., was committed by members of the Earth Liberation Front. In 2007 Kendall Tankersley was sentenced to 3 years and 5 months in prison for her role.
    (SFC, 6/1/07, p.A3)

1998        In Texas 4 women were convicted of assaulting two nieces of Anna Ramirez, ages 7 and 9, in successive attacks during a week in 1994. The girls had testified that the women held them by their wrists and ankles, attacked them and threatened to kill them. Anna Vasquez was released on parole in November, 2012. Elizabeth Ramirez, Kristie Mayhugh and Cassandra Rivera were released in  2013 after a judge decided to recommend that an appeals court vacate their 1998 convictions as tainted by faulty witness testimony.
    (AP, 11/18/13)

1998        Long-Term Capital Management, a hedge fund, failed. In 2004 a federal judge ruled that it had created meaningless tax shelters and should have paid the IRS $40 million.
    (Econ, 9/4/04, p.69)

1998        Fried candy bars began to show up at US fairs about this time. They were imported from the fish-and-chip shops of Scotland.
    (WSJ, 10/21/03, p.A1)

1998        Anheuser Busch paid an estimated $80 million for exclusive alcohol rights to the 2002 and 2006 soccer World Cup tournaments. In 2000 Germany was selected as the host for the 2006 tournament and German fans became furious over the prospect of drinking Budweiser at the tournament.
    (WSJ, 4/22/06, p.A1)

1998        Michelin first produced a PAX tire, which allowed a vehicle to travel with a puncture.
    (Econ, 9/11/04, p.60)

1998        Amazon.com bought Junglee, a comparison-shopping website, for $230 million. Junglee was co-founded by Ashish Gupta. In 2006 Gupta helped found Helion Venture Partners, an Indian venture capital firm.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.102)
1998        Disney purchased Infoseek and turned it into Go.com.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
1998        Bill Gross pioneered the pay-per-click Internet advertising model. In 2003 Yahoo acquired his Overture Services.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, p.62)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.66)
1998        Sergey Brin, a Russian immigrant, and Larry Page of Stanford Univ. raised $1 million and launched the Google search engine in Menlo Park, Ca. By 2003 over 200 million searches were logged daily. In 2004 Google filed for IPO. Google's core search technology patent, owned by Stanford, was set to expire in 2011.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.I1)(WSJ, 4/30/04, p.A1)
1998        InnoCentive was conceived by 3 scientists working for Eli Lilly as a way to solve problems by using the Internet. In 2001 it was spun off as an independent start-up.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.75)
1998        Microsoft invented the key technology for web-based software: Asynchronous Javascript and XML (AJAX), but failed to exploit it.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.69)
1998        Yahoo! with 637 employees matched the market capitalization of Boeing with 230,000 employees.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.9)

1998        Dr. Philip Majerus (1936-2016) received the Bristol-Myers Squibb Award for Distinguished Achievement in Cardiovascular Metabolic Research. He is credited as being the first to theorize that taking small doses of aspirin regularly can prevent heart attacks and strokes in vulnerable patients.
    (SFC, 6/16/16, p.D3)
1998        Celera Genomics joined the race to map all human genes.
    (WSJ, 4/5/01, p.B1)
1998        Celgene was founded to sequence the human genome.
    (Econ, 7/10/04, p.72)
1998        The Second Sight company was founded By Dr. Robert Greenberg and Sam Williams (d.2009) to develop an implantable device to help blind people see. By 2010 the company developed a commercial retinal implant.
    (SFC, 12/22/10, TQ p.4)
1998        A brain implant let a paralyzed stroke victim move a cursor on a computer screen to point out simple phrases. [see Apr 13, 2004]
    (SFC, 4/14/04, p.C8)
1998        Prozac, an anti-depressant, attained peak annual sales of $3 billion.
    (Econ, 10/15/16, p.73)
1998        Cybernetics Prof. Kevin Warwick had a chip implanted into his arm for 9 days to monitor his body's electrical signals and transmit results to a computer. He followed up with a more sophisticated chip in 2000.
    (SFC, 4/3/00, p.E16)

1998        Hearst Corp. acquired Medi-Span Inc., an Indianapolis-based supplier of drug product information for the health care industry. It was consolidated into First DataBank.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1998        Netscape released its browser code to allow the general community to produce Mozilla, an open-source browser, later named Firefox.
    (NW, 4/21/03, p.E12)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.64)

1998        VMware was founded by Mendel Rosenblum with assistance by his wife Diane Greene, who later became chief executive. The company developed computer virtualization software that allowed multiple servers to be consolidated into a single machine. It accomplished this be developing a small program called a hypervisor, which controls how access to a computer’s processors and memory is shared. In 2004 it was later acquired by EMC.
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.74)(www.vmware.com/company/)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.78)

1998        The DOE planned to transport the first atomic waste to the WIPP site near Carlsbad, New Mexico, and to make a technical site suitability decision on Yucca Mountain near Las Vegas.
    (Smith., 5/95, p.50)

1998        Michael Mann published a chart that purported to show average surface temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere over the past 1,000 years. It showed a sharp and continuous increase over the last 100 years following a line of relatively minor fluctuations and came to be called the hockey stick chart. Other scientists later questioned his data analysis techniques.
    (WSJ, 2/18/05, p.A10)(www.ncpa.org/pub/ba/ba478/)

1998        Jesse Dirkhissing (13) of Arkansas was raped for hours by 2 next door homosexuals and left to die. The story followed the Wyoming Mat Shepard case and was ignored by the main stream press.
    (WSJ, 11/19/01, p.A18)

1998        There were an estimated 49,000 carjackings in the US.
    (SFC, 3/8/99, p.A5)

1998        The Roll Back Malaria Partnership was founded by WHO, UNICEF, UNDP and the World Bank, in an effort to provide a coordinated global response to the disease.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.102)(www.rollbackmalaria.org/rbmmandate.html)
1998        Some 2 million Africans south of the Sahara died of AIDS in this year.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)

1998        Martha Gellhorn (b.1908), writer and the 3rd wife of Ernest Hemingway (1940), died at age 89. Her work included the 1978 memoir "Travels With Myself and Another." In 2003 Caroline Moorhead authored "Gellhorn: A Twentieth Century Life."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.T4)(SSFC, 11/2/03, p.M1)

1998        Denise Levertov, poet, died. Her last poems were published in 1999: "This Great Unknowing: Last Poems."
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, BR p.7)

1998        Rev. Lawrence Murphy (d.1998), who had worked at the former St. John's School for the Deaf in St. Francis, Wisconsin (1950-1975), died. In July 1996, Milwaukee Archbishop Rembert G. Weakland sent a letter to the Vatican seeking advice on how to proceed with charges of sexual molestation by Murphy on as many as 200 deaf students. Cardinal Ratzinger, who led the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 1981 until 2005, when he was elected pope, did not respond. The case was made public in 2010.
    (AP, 3/25/10)

1998        Lois Orswell (b.1904), art collector, died. She donated her collection to Harvard’s Fogg Art Museum.
    (WSJ, 1/30/03, p.D8)

1998        The World Commission on Dams was set up by the World Bank and World Conservation Union.
    (SFC, 11/17/00, p.D3)

1998        The Northern Alliance and Taliban agreed to set up an Afghanistan Museum in Switzerland to protect articles of cultural heritage. In 2000 a property in Bubendorf was renovated.
    (AM, 5/01, p.18)

1998        The Algerian  Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC) was created in a split with the radical Armed Islamic Group, or GIA. The dissidents reportedly were discontent with civilian massacres carried out by the GIA.
    (AP, 5/15/03)

1998        In Argentina retailer Harrods Buenos Aires closed due to debt problems.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.9)

1998        In Australia’s waterfront war Chris Corrigan, head of the cargo-handling Patrick Corp., took on the “wharfies" and smashed their union’s control of the docks.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.70)
1998        A rise in sea temperatures due to El Nino caused a mass bleaching of the world’s coral reefs. Up to 90% of the Indian Ocean’s coral reefs turned to skeletal wastes. A mass bleaching on Australia's Great Barrier Reef occurred when sea temperatures spiked. More followed in 2002, 2016, 2017 and 2020.
    (Econ, 5/12/12, p.87)(Econ, 4/18/20, p.28)

1998        In Austria the Vienna based Four Paws animal rights group opened a bear sanctuary for dancing bears and unwanted pet bears.
    (SFC, 7/8/02, p.A3)

1998        In Bangladesh monsoon floods inundated two-thirds of the country and left over a 1000 people dead.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A15)(Econ, 9/2/17, p.19)

1998        In Bermuda the Progressive Labor Party took power, promising a better deal for blacks.
    (AP, 12/19/07)

1998        Bhutan’s King Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuck formalized a plan dubbed the Four Pillars of Happiness: sustainable economic development, conservation of the environment, the promotion of national culture and good governance. This was based on his belief in Gross National Happiness (GNH) as opposed to Gross National Product (GNP).
    (WSJ, 10/13/04, p.A14)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.56)
1998        Bhutan and China signed an agreement to maintain peace along their 470 km (290 miles) of shared border.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)

1998        In Botswana Festus Mogae came to power in sucession to Sir Ketumile Masire.
    (AFP, 7/15/07)

1998        In Brazil federal agents in Alagoas state arrested police Lt. Colonel Manoel Cavalcante for heading a 50-man police squad known as the "Uniformed Gang." They were charged with political assassinations, bank robberies, car theft and arms trafficking. They charged $440 to kill a rural union leader and $44,000 to kill a prominent politician.
    (SFC, 9/20/98, p.A12)
1998        Anthony Garotinho (38), a football player turned tele-evangelist, was elected Rio de Janeiro state governor. He quit in 2003 to run for president and Rosinha Matheus, his wife, was elected governor. After he lost his wife chose him as Secretary of Public Security. From 199-2006 they governed the state with startling incompetence.
    (AP, 5/23/03)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.46)

1998        David Cannadine authored "The Rise and Fall of Class in Britain."
    (WSJ, 12/29/98, p.A11)
1998        British historian Niall Ferguson (b.1964) authored “The Pity of War: Explaining World War One."
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niall_Ferguson)
1998        Philip Gould, party pollster authored “The Unfinished Revolution: How the Modernisers Saved the Labour Party."
    (Econ, 3/27/10, p.61)
1998        The new British National Library, designed by Colin St. John Wilson, was scheduled to open in 1997 but was delayed. A partial opening was scheduled for 1998 and full opening in 1999.
    (WSJ, 8/28/97, p.A12)
1998        Britain’s Financial Services Authority took over bank supervision from the Bank of England.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.78)
1998        The BBC under John Birt launched Internet online operations.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, Survey p.52)
1998        A 246 acre site at Sutton Hoo was donated to Britain’s National Trust. It contained the burial site of an Anglo-Saxon king believed to be Raedwald (d.625).
    (Arch, 7/02, p.61)
1998        Divine Chocolate was founded in Britain. The chocolate was made in Germany and in 2007 45% of shares were owned by Kuapa Kokoo, Ghana’s largest cocoa bean cooperative.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.65)
1998        Research led by Dr Andrew Wakefield, then a reader in experimental gastroenterology at London's Royal Free Hospital, became the first to suggest that the MMR vaccine might be linked to an increased risk of autism and bowel disorders. Dr Wakefield said he has evidence that children's behavior changed drastically shortly after they received the MMR jab. He said: "This is a genuinely new syndrome and urgent further research is needed to determine whether MMR may give rise to this complication in a small number of people." Dr Wakefield theorized that the combination of the three virus strains contained in MMR may overload the body's immune system and cause the bowel disorder to develop. The British journal Lancet published a study by Dr. Andrew Wakefield that linked the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine to autism. The Lancet later issued a full retraction. The research was later widely discredited and a report in 2011 said Wakefield and colleagues had altered facts about patients.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1808956.stm)(SFC, 4/21/10, p.A12)(SFC, 1/6/11, p.A2)

1998        In Canada the Nisga’a First Nations tribe signed a treaty after more than a century of negotiation and litigation. The 6,400 Nisga’a gained ownership of almost 2,000 square km (770 square miles) in the Nass valley plus powers of self-government.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.40)
1998        In Canada Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve was created. It covered 37,775 sq. km. of the island, the northernmost part of North America.
    (SFEM, 6/11/00, p.24)

1998        In China Ji Xianlin authored “The Cowshed," the story of what happened to an eminent scholar at Peking Univ. during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). An English translation became available in 2016.
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.73)
1998        In China the world’s tallest building, the Shanghai Financial Center (1,508 ft, or 460 meters), was scheduled to begin construction.
    (Hem., 2/97, p.72)
1998        Caijing, a finance and business magazine, was founded in China by a group of intellectuals, notably Wang Boming, the son of a former deputy foreign minister.  Its first issued exposed a case of insider trading in a property company. It soon established itself as a news authority and leading voice for business and financial issues in China.
    (http://english.caijing.com.cn/aboutus/)(Econ, 5/29/04, p.68)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.74)
1998        China formally outlawed price fixing.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A16)
1998        China’s Ministry of Public Security created its “Golden Shield" for domestic internet surveillance and filtering.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, SR p.5)
1998        In China an alleged sexual assault was linked to a student's suicide. In 2018 a person claiming to be the student's classmate accused Shen Yang, a language professor, of the assault and called for a re-examination of the case. Peking University, where Shen taught until 2011, said it served Shen a disciplinary warning based on a police report at the time, but is now re-examining the case. The School of Liberal Arts at Nanjing University and Shanghai Normal University, both cut ties with the professor on April 7, 2018.
    (Reuters, 4/8/18)
1998        China began to expand its influence in Ethiopia when the US evacuated its Peace Corps volunteers and scaled back military aid due to the border war with Eritrea.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.A1)

1998        In Colombia a group of 52 families acquired the 1,360 acre La Alemania farm in San Onofre. Two years later illegal right-wing paramilitaries ran the farmers off the land and set up camp there. In 2006 the peasant farmers (campesinos) recovered their farm but faced foreclosure and retaliation from the paramilitaries.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.51)
1998        Semana, Colombia’s leading news magazine, named Manuel Marulanda its "Man of the Year."
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A8)
1998        Shell ceded its oil exploration rights in Colombia’s Samore block to Occidental Oil, which then renounced 75% of the original block and planned to drill on lands outside of official U'wa Indian lands. The Indians maintained the drill sites still stood on ancestral lands.
    (WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A8)
1998        In Colombia there were 2,226 kidnappings during the year.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.T14)
1998        The remains of 36 boys aged 8 through 16 were found in a ravine and overgrown lot in Pereira, Colombia  [see Luis Eduardo Garavito on Oct 29, 1999].
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A14)

1998        The Latin American School of Medical Science opened in Cuba. It was created as a regional initiative after two hurricanes devastated Caribbean and Central American nations. The first class of 1,500 students graduated in 2005.
    (AP, 8/21/05)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.35)

1998        In the Czech Rep. Jiri Kajinek was sentenced to life imprisonment for a double contract murder committed in 1993. Kajinek pleaded not guilty. In 2017 Czech President Milos Zeman used his power to pardon Kajinek (56).
    (AP, 5/23/17)

1998        Ecuador adopted a constitution that gave indigenous communities the right to settle internal conflicts according to their traditions.
    (SFC, 9/3/04, p.W2)
1998        Ecuador passed the Special Law to enhance protection for the Galapagos Islands.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M6)
1998        Lenin Moreno (b.1953), elected president of Ecuador in 2017, was mugged this year and from then on has used a wheelchair.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.28)
1998        Texaco completed a $40 million oil cleanup in Ecuador. The Ecuadoran government, PetroEcuador and 5 municipalities released the company from all liabilities and obligations related to its oil operations. A class-action suit against ChevronTexaco opened in 2003.
    (SFC, 10/21/03, p.A3)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.42)

1998        El Salvador banned abortions in all circumstances.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.52)

1998        The EU imposed a ban on genetically modified crops.
    (AP, 1/16/04)

1998        Jean-Francois Casenave of France founded Telecoms San Frontieres (Telecoms Without Borders) to provide communications services in emergency situations.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.70)

1998        Germany passed legislation to revoke the pensions of Nazi war crimes suspects. A review in 2016 found that only 99 people suspected of "crimes against the principles of humanity" ever lost their pensions.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
1998         In Germany Social Democrat Gerhard Schroeder selected Green Party member Joschka Fischer as foreign minister. In 2007 Paul Hockenos authored “Joschka Fischer and the Making of the Berlin Republic: An alternative History of Postwar Germany."
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.98)
1998        In Germany Angel Merkel became chairman of the Christian Democrats (CDU). She pushed the party to accept immigration, a more modern view of the family and a free-market economy program.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.52)
1998        Bavaria, Germany, voted to abolish its Senate.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.60)
1998        In Germany the Red Army Faction declared itself disbanded.
    (AP, 3/25/07)
1998        In Germany Hartmut Pilch started his Free Information Infrastructure (FFII) as a Web site. It grew into an organization dedicated to the idea that basic computer language should be as free as human speech.
    (WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A1)
1998        Wal-Mart purchased the Wertkauf retailing groups. 21 Wertkauf Gmbh stores were purchased by Wal-Mart in 1997.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)
1998        Wal-Mart purchased 74 hypermarkets from Spar Handels AG. [see Mar 1999]
    (WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)

1998        Hong Kong suffered a slump in GDP of over 6% as did Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea and Thailand.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.51)

1998        The India Bollywood film "Dil Se" opened in the US.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, DB p.54)
1998        The film "The Red Doors" was written and directed by Indian poet-novelist Buddhadeb Dasgupta. It was about a Calcutta dentist who rethinks his self-absorbed life after his marriage collapses.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.E3)
1998        In India a Supreme court ruling made MPs immune from prosecution for bribery.
    (Econ, 12/9/06, p.48)
1998        The Lakireddy Bali Reddy College of Engineering in Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh was accredited and opened to 420 students with a $50,000 construction and maintenance donation from Lakireddy Bali Reddy.
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A26)
1998        Researchers in India enrolled 75,360 women to be screened every two years with a simple vinegar test. Another 76,178 women were chosen for a control. In 2013 it was reported that this low-tech visual exam cut the cervical cancer death rate by 31%.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

1998        In Indonesia the 1,480-foot Kuningan Persada Tower was scheduled for completion in Jakarta. It would have become the world’s tallest building, but an economic crises shelved the project.
1998        In Indonesia the Islamic Defenders’ Front (FPI) was founded by security forces to counter leftist students. It developed a record of bloodily intimidating Christians, Ahmadis and those offending its puritanical morality.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, SR p.9)(Econ, 12/24/16, p.52)
1998        Indonesia suffered an economic meltdown in the wake of Suharto’s loss of power. The GDP contracted 13.2% in this year. The IMF insisted on the dismantling of monopolies tied to the Suharto regime as a condition of giving aid.
    (WSJ, 5/16/01, p.A1)(Econ, 9/12/09, SR p.9)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.76)
1998        On Indonesia’s Sulawesi Island a dispute arose in Poso between Muslims and Christians over control of the local government. Over the next 3 years hundreds were killed and an estimated 75,000 were forced from their homes.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.E1)
1998        In Indonesia fires this year devastated over 5 million hectares of forest.
    (Econ, 9/25/10, SR p.6)

1998        Ireland’s Supreme Court emphasized a mother's right to privacy, and said mothers should be consulted regarding adopted children. This prevented adopted persons from trying to contact a birth parent who didn't want to be approached. Catholic Ireland's system of compelling unwed mothers to give up their babies to secret adoptions ended in the 1980s.
    (Reuters, 2/27/14)

1998        Michael Bar-Zohar edited "Lionhearts: Heroes of Israel," originally published by the Defense Ministry.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, BR p.6)
1998        Avner Cohen published "Israel and the Bomb" in NYC.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.D2)
1998        Robert Litell published "For the Future of Israel," based on his conversations with former Prime Minister Shimon Peres.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, BR p.6)
1998        The documentary film "Fragments * Jerusalem," made over 10 years, was directed by Ron Havilio and showed at the SF Film Fest.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.55)
1998        Efraim Halevy became head of Mossad, Israel’s intelligence service.
    (Econ, 4/1/06, p.67)
1998        Yossi Vardi (b.1942), Israeli entrepreneur, sold Mirabilis Ltd., the creator of the ICQ instant messaging service, to American Online for over $400 million.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.56)(www.enewsbuilder.net/viab/e_article000077316.cfm)

1998        The Italian film "The Best Man" starred Diego Abatanuono and Ines Sastre and  was directed by Pupi Avati. It was about a bride who hates her new husband and their wedding in Northern Italy at the turn of the century.
    (SFC, 8/21/98, p.C5)
1998        The Italian film "Go Around the World" was directed by Davide Manuli and was about an orphan raised by a Gypsy.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, DB)(http://tinyurl.com/33mf9m)
1998        The Italian film "Pianese Nunzio, Fourteen in May" was directed by Antonio Capuano. It was about an priest’s involvement with an altar boy.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.E4)
1998        The Italian film "Steam" starred Alessandro Gassman and Mehmet Gunsur. It was directed by Ferzan Ozpetek.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, DB p.10)
1998        Toni Dykstra of southern California was found dead in Rome as she sought to bring her kidnapped daughter back to the US. Boyfriend Carlo Ventre was charged with her murder. In 2007 Ventre (59) died of a heart attack while testifying at his trial.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

1998        The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) was created from former LDP members, former socialists and young liberal newcomers. Yukio Hatoyama (b.1947) was one of the co-founders of the DPJ.
    (www.dpj.or.jp/english/about_us/dpj_profile.html)(Econ, 10/8/05, Survey p.11)(SFC, 8/31/09, p.A3)
1998        By this year a new location for Japan’s capital could be determined.
    (WSJ, 9/24/96, p.B12)
1998        In  Japan private certifying firms were allowed to sign off on new buildings to supplement public inspectors.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.46)
1998        In Japan workers’ pay equaled about 73% of corporate earnings.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, Survey p.4)
1998        Suicides attributable to karoshi, death from over-work, rose from 32 in 1994 to 90 in 1998.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A10)
1998        USGS officials agreed to allow Japan to drill 2 prototype wells on the hydrate-rich north slope of Alaska.
    (NH, 5/97, p.31)

1998        Jordan began a divestiture program. By 2004 it reaped over $1 billion from the sale of state-owned companies and expected to raise another $600 million.
    (WSJ, 11/10/04, p.A15)
1998        Jordan received ok from the American CIA to sell 50,000 surplus AK-47 assault rifles to Peru. Many of the rifles went to leftist guerrillas in Colombia and Vladimiro Montesinos, Peru’s spy chief, was implicated.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)
1998        Samih Toukan founded Maktoob in Amman, Jordan, a software firm dedicated to replacing English with Arabic in e-mail systems. Maktoob.com was the world’s 1st Arab language Web site. In 2000 the firm received a $2.5 million cash injection from an Egyptian investment bank and launched the first Arabic e-mail.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/15/05, p.C1)(Econ, 4/12/14, p.40)

1998        Alashbayev Abdeyaziovitch, mayor of Aralsk, began a 2nd attempt to dam the northern portion of the Aral Sea from the larger southern portion. The sea had shrunk to half its former size and left behind 13,000 square miles of wasteland.
    (SFC, 11/30/98, p.A12)
1998        Akezhan Kazhegeldin, former prime minister (1994-1997), set up the Republican People's Party of Kazakhstan. He was forced into exile in 1999 and in 2001 was sentenced in absentia to 10 years in jail for corruption and abuse of power.
    (Econ, 7/26/03, p.46-7)
1998        In Kazakhstan a law was passed that barred anyone convicted of a legal infraction from running for election. Illegal acts included insults to the honor and dignity of the president.
    (WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A8)
1998        Inflation in Kazakhstan was held to 1.9% for the year.
    (WSJ, 1/7/99, p.A16)

1998        In Libya children at Al-Fateh Children’s Hospital were found diagnosed with  HIV. In all 438 children were found to be infected along with 20 nursing mothers. By 2007 57 children had died of AIDS.
    (SSFC, 4/1/07, p.A17)

1998        Sue's Indian Raja restaurant started in Vilnius, Lithuania. Despite many challenges by 2008 it was a roaring success.

1998        Major sapphire deposits were discovered in Madagascar. A seam of high-quality sapphires was found in the Ilakaka river valley, about 700 km (430 miles) south of the capital Antananarivo.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.42)(SSFC, 12/23/07, p.A26)(AFP, 4/3/12)

1998        The 1,482-foot Petronas Towers were completed in Kuala Lumpur as the world’s tallest buildings. They were built by Petroliam Nasional, Malaysia’s national oil company. The twin buildings stood 88-stories with 241-foot spires. They stood 29 feet taller than the Sears Building in Chicago, and remained the tallest in the world until Taipei 101 was completed in 2004.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petronas_Twin_Towers)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B2)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.69)
1998        In Malaysia the government of PM Mahathir Mohamad pegged the ringgit at 3.80 at to the dollar in order to bring stability to the economy.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.64)
1998        In Malaysia pirate attacks rose to 67 as compared to 51 in 1997.
    (SFC, 2/4/99, p.A12)

1998        EU foreign ministers banned visits by Myanmar officials, withdrew trade privileges and imposed an arms embargo due to the repression of civil and political rights.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)

1998        Nigeria’s petroleum minister Dan Etete awarded block OPL 245 to Malabu Oil and Gas, a company established just days before with no employees or assets. There was a signature bonus of $20 million for which Malabu only paid $2 million. In 2011 Shell and Eni paid $1.3 billion for the block. The government helped direct most of the money back to Malabu.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, p.63)
1998        In Nigeria a dip in the price of oil forced 28 banks to close. Another dip in 2009 caused ten more banks to close.
    (Econ, 8/12/17, p.58)

1998        A Norwegian newspaper claimed that police on Cyprus routinely dismissed rape claims, treating the victims as liars.
    (The Telegraph, 1/6/20)

1998        Puerto Rico’s population was about 3.7 million.
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, p.T5)

1998        In Qatar Abdul-rahman Al Nuaimi, a religious scholar, was arrested and imprisoned for 3 years for opposing government modernization programs.
    (WSJ, 10/24/02, p.A12)

1998        Aleksandar Georgijevic, a Serbian national, attempted to collect information on a number of Russian military projects, including the Iskander tactical missiles and the R-500, a supersonic cruise missile. But only information on the "Arena" tank protection system was passed on to a US agent. Georgijevic was arrested in November 2007 as he tried to leave the country through a Moscow airport, where his name was already on a wanted list. In 2009 Georgijevic was jailed for 8 years.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)

1998        Rwanda’s population at this time was about 7.5-7.8 million.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/17/98, p.A10)

1998        Saudi Arabia, in response to a massive outbreak of rift-valley fever, imposed a trade ban to prevent nomadic herders from selling sheep and goats for sacrifice during the hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. The government opted to buy more expensive Australian livestock instead.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.80)
1998        The Saudi population was about 12 million. In 2006 it reached 23 million. The forecast for 2020 was 33 million.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A12)(Econ, 1/7/06, Survey p.12)

1998        A South Africa court struck down the law against sodomy.
    (SSFC, 5/25/03, p.A12)
1998        The South African government enacted the Regulation of Foreign Miligtary Assistance Act outlawing mercenaries. The act was toughened in 2006.
    (Econ, 1/10/15, p.75)(Econ., 3/21/15, p.42)
1998        South African senior foreign ministry official Robert McBride was arrested on suspicion of gun running in neighboring Mozambique and held for six months before being released.
    (AFP, 9/9/11)

1998        South Korea began running a tourist resort at Mount Kumgang, just on the northern side of the divided Korean peninsula. Hyundai Asan began operating the 4,900-acre compound.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.49)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W7)
1998        In South Korea Chung Mong-koo, eldest son of founder Chung Ju-yung, took over as head of Hyundai Motor Co.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.68)
1998        South Korea began running a tourist resort at Geumgangsan (Mount Diamond), just on the northern side of the divided Korean peninsula. Hyundai Asan began operating the 4,900-acre compound. The collaboration halted in 2008 following the shooting death of a South Korean tourist. In 2001 North Korea told South Korean tourism officials to leave the resort.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.49)(WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W7)(SFC, 8/23/11, p.A2)

1998        Spain deregulated its energy market.
    (AFP, 10/23/06)
1998        Ramon Sampredro, a Spanish paraplegic who campaigned for euthanasia and spent 30 years in bed, died by sipping water laced with cyanide. He did this after crafting a complex scheme to have friends prepare and deliver the poison in incremental steps so no single one of them could be charged criminally. The story was made into the movie "El Mar Adentro" (The Sea Inside), which won an Oscar for best foreign film in 2005.
    (AP, 11/29/06)

1998        Sweden declared prostitution a form of male violence and changed policies so that men buying sex were charged with committing a criminal offence.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.86)
1998        IKEA purchased a stake in Skanska, a large Swedish construction firm.

1998        In Tanzania the government project with Ocelot and TransCanada Pipelines to transport natural gas from the Indian Ocean island of Songo Songo was scheduled for completion. It was started in 1993.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A6)

1998        The population of Tajikistan was about 5.9 million at this time.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

1998        Burmese refugees in Thailand created the Backpack Health Worker Team to effectively sneak health into eastern Burma (Myanmar), where the military junta provides little health care.
    (SSFC, 3/22/09, p.A8)

1998        Tuvalu leased the .tv suffix of its internet address to a Toronto firm, Information CA, and prime Minister Bikenibeu expected royalties of at least $60 million a year.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.A12)

1998        In Uganda plant breeder William Wagoira found stem rust on his crops. The fungal wheat rust (Puccinia graminis) had not been seen since the Green Revolution. By 2010 the fungus had spread as far as Iran and South Africa and scientists feared further spread.
    (Econ, 7/3/10, p.57)

1998        Ukraine’s state-controlled Naftogaz energy company was formed. It soon became a fount of corruption.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.82)
1998        Former Ukraine prime minister Pavlo Lazarenko purchased the former Eddie Murphy California Bay Area mansion for $6.7 million.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A16)(SFC, 6/2/00, p.A19)

1998        Uzbek Pres. Karimov vowed to crack down on the IMU. Namangani and Yuldash were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

1998        In Venezuela a 136-mile power line was scheduled to be completed by Edelca. The line ran through Canaima National Park, home to Pemon Indians and the world's highest waterfall Kerepakupai-meru, or Angel Falls (3,200 feet). Construction was delayed by protests and sabotage.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.C5)

1998        The World Health Organization (WHO) and America’s Centers for Disease Control (CDC) published “Infection Control for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Centers." It became the bible on stopping transmission in poorer countries.
    (Econ., 3/7/15, TQ p.7)

1998        An Egyptian militant, believed to be Ahmed Nasrallah, reported to Yemen’s Political Security Organization on al Qaeda terrorists around the Marib region. The security service tipped off the terrorists.
    (WSJ, 12/20/02, p.A1,6)

1998        Celtel began mobile phone operations in Zambia. In 2003 it expanded to rural areas and introduced the Me2U service that allowed callers to use text messaging to send airtime credit to other mobiles. The service became a cheap way to transfer money.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.61)
1998        China’s state metals conglomerate bought a moth-balled copper mine in Chambisi, Zambia, bringing in jobs and investments. The Chinese owners soon banned union activity and cut corners on safety.
    (WSJ, 2/2/07, p.A1)

1998        Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, chairman of the African body “Organ on Politics, Defence and Security," joined with Namibia and Angola in a war of plunder in Congo.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.48)

1998-1999    America traced a series of computer break-ins at the Pentagon, NASA and elsewhere to a computer in Russia, which denied involvement.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.64)
1998-1999    A copper surplus is expected about this time with a neg. impact on prices. However some think that growth in the Asian infrastructure and growing use of micromotors will keep prices high.
    (WSJ, 7/25/95, p.A-1)

1998-2000    An estimated 70,000 people were killed in the border war between Eritrea and Ethiopia.
    (Econ, 8/4/07, p.42)
1998-2000    In South Korea Kim Jong-pil, the founder of South Korea's spy agency, served his second term as prime minister.
    (AP, 6/23/18)

1998-2001    Religion related scams in the US totaled some $2 billion during this period.
    (SFC, 8/14/06, p.A2)
1998-2001    UNICEF reported that at least 60,000 Vietnamese women were trafficked into China’s Guangxi Zhuong autonomous region during this period.
    (SSFC, 8/21/05, p.B6)

1998-2002    China’s closure of state-owned enterprises and “collectives" resulted in job losses for some 24 million workers, representing about 10% of the work force.
    (Econ, 9/11/04, p.37)

1998-2004    Congo strife over this period killed 3.8 million people, half of them children, mostly due to disease and famine.
    (WSJ, 12/10/04, p.A1)

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