Timeline 1997 October - December

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1997        Oct 1, The US Senate approved a $3,100 cost-of-living congressional pay raise, the first in 5 years, in a 55-45 vote. The inflation related adjustment was instituted in 1993 but denied until this year.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 1, US FBI Director Louis J. Freeh warned that Russian organized crime networks were growing and that they posed a menace to US national security. Russian crime syndicates were described to be forging ties with the Italian mafia and the Colombian drug cartels.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 1, Paula Jones announced a new legal team from Texas to pursue her suit against Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 1, The Center for Nonverbal Studies (CNS), a private, nonprofit research center located in Spokane, Washington, began operations. The Center's mission is to advance the study of human communication in all its forms apart from language. The Center's goal is to promote the scientific study of nonverbal communication, which includes body movement, gesture, facial expression, adornment and fashion, architecture, mass media, and consumer-product design.
1997        Oct 1, WorldCom Inc. bid $30 million to take over MCI Communications.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 1, In Pearl, Mississippi, Luke Woodham (16) stabbed his mother Mary (50) to death and went to school and killed his former girlfriend and another student and wounded 7 others. Later Grant Boyette (18) was identified as the leader of the Kroth  cult, a Satanist group with a plan of destruction and killing. Woodham was found guilty in 1998 of killing 2 classmates and was sentenced to 2 life sentences plus 20 years. He was also found guilty in the murder of his mother in a separate trial and the sentence was raised to 3 life sentences plus 140 years.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)(SFC, 10/15/97, p.A6)(SFC, 6/2/98, p.A3)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A3)(AP, 10/1/07)
1997        Oct 1, Asian currencies dived in foreign exchange markets in part because of comments by Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir: "I would like to suggest that we do away with trade in currency as a commodity."
    (WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 1, From Angola it was reported that Unita was demobilizing its soldiers and getting the UN to return them to Unita-held territory, where they could again be mobilized.
    (WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A16)
1997        Oct 1, In Bosnia NATO seized 4 key Bosnian Serb television transmitters.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 1, Congos Pres. Kabila ordered troops into the Congo Republic after 2 days of cross border shelling that killed as many as 31 in Kinshasa.
    (WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 1, Israel under PM Netanyahu freed Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61), the founder and spiritual leader of Hamas. The ill Yassin was taken to Jordan and hospitalized. As part of the deal an antidote for the chemical used on last weeks Meshaal attack was demanded by Jordan and Israel requested the release of the Meshaal attackers. This secured the release of two Mossad agents arrested in Jordan following a botched assassination attempt against Hamas political leader Khalid Mashaal.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(AP, 10/1/98)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.55)
1997        Oct 1, In Serbia It was reported that Albanian students in Kosovo planned to demonstrate in the streets for equal access to the university on par with the Serb students at Pristina. Some 20,000 students protested and were attacked by Serb police. At least 30 students were injured. 500 students were attacked by Serbian police.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/2/97, p.A12)(SFC,12/10/97, p.C2)
1997        Oct 1, In Belgrade, Serbia, riot police attacked thousands of marchers who protested the firing of mayor Djindjic and the removal of editors of the independent TV station.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 1, In Sri Lanka a government clash with Tamil Tigers left at least 70 combatants dead in Puliyankulam.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 1, The UN withdrew its human rights investigators from Congo pending a clarification by the Kabila government on its policy.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A12)

1997        Oct 2, President Clinton proposed sending inspectors to farms around the world to ensure that foreign-grown fruits and vegetables are safe for American consumers. The president also said he would ask Congress to empower the Food and Drug Administration to ban produce from countries whose safety precautions do not meet American standards.
    (HN, 10/2/98)
1997        Oct 2, A Navy F-14 Tomcat fighter jet crashed off the coast of N. Carolina. One crew member was rescued but the pilot was still missing.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 2, In California some 200 police, FBI, IRS and DEA agents swept over 18 homes and business in Oakland, Hayward and San Leandro and seized 73 kilograms of cocaine valued at $70 million. Some 22 people were arrested in the drug and smuggling ring culminating a 3-month investigation.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A19)
1997        Oct 2, In Algeria attackers killed 20 members of a wedding party in Blida.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 2, In Azerbaijan a helicopter with 20 passengers crashed near an offshore oil platform and no survivors were found.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 2, In Brazil thousands turned out to greet Pope John Paul II for the start of his 4-day visit.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B2)
1997        Oct 2, The EU formally set up a common foreign and security policy in the Amsterdam Treaty. It set to adopt key asylum and immigration measures within five years of the treaty's entry into force, expected in 1999. A protocol to the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam reclassified animals as sentient beings.
    (Econ, 8/26/06, p.42)(http://hrw.org/worldreport/Helsinki-28.htm)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.88)

1997        Oct 3, Attorney General Janet Reno said Justice Department investigators had no evidence President Clinton violated the law with White House coffees and overnight stays for big contributors. However, Reno did extend a probe of Vice President Al Gore's telephone fund-raising.
    (AP, 10/3/98)
1997        Oct 3, US Defense Sec. William Cohen ordered the Nimitz Carrier Battle Group to the Persian Gulf as a warning to Iran and Iraq to stop incursions into the US-enforced "no-fly" zone in southern Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 3, In Humboldt County, Ca., 2 protestors attached themselves to bulldozers of the Pacific Lumber Company. Sheriffs deputies applied pepper spray directly to the eyes of the protestors using cotton swabs and Q-tips.
    (SFC,10/31/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 3, In Idaho the US Forest Service arranged a land swap with the Riley Creek Lumber Co. to preserve an ancient cedar grove at Upper Priest Lake. Riley Creek paid less than $2 million in 1992 for the grove and obtained $8.7 million worth of federal land in exchange.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 3, Alfred Leslie Rowse, British historian, died at 93.
1997        Oct 3, In Algeria armed men killed 38 people at the village of Mahelma. Throats of the victims were slit, heads were cut off and houses were set on fire. In Blida 10 people were killed and 20 wounded by assailants with homemade rockets and bombs. Another group of attackers killed 75 others including 34 children. In the village of Ouled Benaissa armed men killed 37 people including 22 children.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)(SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 3, From Brazil it was reported that tuberculosis has killed at least 27 members of the Guarani-Kaiowa tribe in the past 15 months.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B5)
1997        Oct 3, In Colombia a paramilitary group hired to protect a cocaine shipment killed 11 judicial officials near the town of San Carlos de Guaroa.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 3, UN officials reported that Congo has ordered intl. refugee agencies to leave part of eastern Congo and was expelling Rwandans who have fled there to escape fighting in Rwanda.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 3, In Japan an experimental magnetically levitated train, the MLX01, set a world speed record when it reached 279.6 mph on a test track.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.B8)
1997        Oct 3, Turkish jets bombed escape routes used by Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq. Over the last 13 days the army reported 415 rebels dead vs. 6 of its own soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)

1997        Oct 4, Some 500,000 people gathered in Washington DC for the Promise Keepers "Sacred Assembly of Men." It was one of the largest religious gatherings in U.S. history.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/4/98)
1997        Oct 4, US Federal officials arrested Theresa Marie Squillacote, a former Pentagon lawyer, her husband Kurt Alan Stand, and James Michael Clark for espionage that began with the recruitment of Stand in 1972 by the East Germans. He pleaded guilty to spying for East Germany in 1998.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.A1)
1997        Oct 4, The Chicago Field Museum of Natural History paid $8,362,500 for the T rex skull from S. Dakota at a Sothebys auction in New York.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 4, From Bosnia it was reported that an Egyptian ship loaded with Soviet-made T-55 tanks was sitting at anchor in the Croatian port of Ploce. The shipment was registered with officials of the foreign peace force. An error on the manifest said the tanks were intended for the Bosnian Army.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 4, From Brazil it was reported that fires in the Amazon had increased 28% over the past year and that clouds of smoke were thicker and covered more area than those due to the burning forests of Indonesia.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 4, In Colombia rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces killed 17 policemen near San Juan de Arama. The rebels were staging a growing campaign to disrupt municipal elections. They had already killed 26 candidates and forced more than 1,500 to withdraw.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 4, It was reported that France banned 20% of all cars from the streets of Paris for one day last week due to smog.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 4, It was reported that Greenpeace had found crabs contaminated with twice Europes allowed radiation level near the La Hague nuclear waste reprocessing plant near Cherbourg in northwestern France.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 4, In Spain Princess Christina Federica de Borbon y Grecia (32) married Inaki Urdangarin (29), a Basque professional handball team player.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A17)

1997        Oct 5, The White House released videotapes of President Clinton greeting supporters at 44 coffee klatches. Republicans claimed the tapes as proof that Clinton had raised campaign donations at the White House in violation of the law.
    (AP, 10/5/98)
1997        Oct 5, David Scott Ghantt (27) disappeared with $15-17 million in a Loomis, Fargo & Co. van in Charlotte, N.C. 21 people, later charged in the heist, purchased over 1000 items with the money. In 1999 an auction was held to dispose of the property with the proceeds going to insurer Lloyds of London.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A7)(SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A2)
1997        Oct 5, In Algeria armed men attacked a school bus near Blida. The driver attempted to run their roadblock but crashed and 16 children were killed by the attackers.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 5, In Montenegro Momir Bulatovic, a Milosevic ally, led pro-Westerner challenger Milo Djukanovic but did not receive a 50% majority due to other candidates. A runoff was scheduled for Oct 19.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 5, In Serbia a runoff election was held with Zoran Lilic of the Socialist Party facing Vojislav Seselj of the Radical Party for control of the 25-seat parliament. Seselj defeated Lilic but the turnout was less than 50% and a new election was scheduled in 2 months.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)

1997        Oct 6, In a blow to both Democrats and Republicans, President Clinton used his line-item veto to kill 38 military construction projects that Congress had added to a spending bill that cost $287 million.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/6/98)
1997        Oct 6, The space shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth, bringing home American astronaut Michael Foale after more than four tumultuous months aboard Mir.
    (AP, 10/6/98)
1997        Oct 6, Dr. Stanley B. Prusiner, a neurologist from UC San Francisco, won the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the new class of proteins called prions described as "an entirely new genre of disease-causing agents." [see 1982] In 1998 researchers at UCSF developed a sensitive technique for rapid detection of the infectious proteins.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/30/98, p.A7)(AP, 10/6/98)
1997        Oct 6, In Magnum, N.C., 5 migrant workers were shot to death by their housemates Jose Luis Cruz Osorio (28) and his brother Alonso Cruz Osorio (18). A 6th man was also shot but escaped and identified the attackers. In 2003 suspects Alonso Cruz Osorio and Jose Luis Cruz Osorio were arrested in the town of Acolman, Mexico.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A7)(www.mayhem.net/Crime/morg9710.html)(AP, 10/23/03)
1997        Oct 6, Nine Bosnian Croats surrendered to the intl. war crimes tribunal in the Hague. Dario Kordic joined the group when the US promised a speedy trial to volunteer suspects. Kordic was the leader of the Bosnian branch of Franjo Tudjmans Croatian Democratic Union political party, and was charged with commanding troops who rampaged through 14 towns in the Lasva Valley torturing and killing hundreds of Muslims and burning their homes.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 6, In Vitrolles, France, the cafe Sous-marin was shut down for criticism of the National Front, a far-right party in control of the town.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 6, In Kenya the government refused to legalize the Safina (Swahili for ark) Party led by Richard Leakey.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A18)
1997        Oct 6, Workers at the Han Young de Mexico factory in Tijuana voted to be represented by an independent union, the Metal, Steel and Allied workers Union of the Authenticated labor Front (FAT). It was the first time that an existing company-dominated union was ousted in the maquiladora industry. After weeks the results were still not formalized and 4 workers who voted for the union were fired. On Nov 10 the Tijuana Labor Board invalidated the vote claiming the union was not nationally registered. [see Dec 14]
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A8)(SFC,10/30/97, p.A14)(SFC,11/15/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 6, In Palestine Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61), the quadriplegic spiritual leader of Hamas, returned to the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)

1997        Oct 7, Sen. Fred Thompson, R-Tenn., chairman of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee investigating fund-raising abuses, accused the White House of "a clear pattern of delay, foot-dragging, concealing." Former White House deputy chief of staff Harold Ickes defended using the White House to raise Democratic money, telling the committee, "We played by the rules."
    (AP, 10/7/98)
1997        Oct 7, PepsiCo Inc. spun off its restaurant businesses that included Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, and KFC. The new company under David Novak was called Tricon until 2000, when it changed its name to Yum! Brands. By the end of 2004 growth and expansion in China produced sales of $9 billion. In 2007 Novak with John Boswell authored The Education of an Accidental CEO.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.B2)(Econ, 8/27/05, p.60)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yum!_Brands)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.D10)
1997        Oct 7, In Colombia leftist guerrillas killed three villagers near San Jose de Apartado, a pilot peace community that had declared neutrality in the civil conflicts.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 7, From Mexico it was reported that at least 100 people were reported as disappeared in the state of Chihuahua, mostly around Ciudad Juarez, the base for Mexicos largest drug cartel.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 7, In Spain a former naval officer from Argentina, Adolfo Scilingo, testified that as many as 1,500 Argentine naval officials had participated in death flights, during the 1976-1984 "Dirty War," where people were hurled into the ocean.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D2)

1997        Oct 8, The US House of Representatives opened its own set of hearings on campaign fund-raising abuses.
    (AP, 10/8/98)
1997        Oct 8, Scientists reported the Mars Pathfinder had yielded what could be the strongest evidence yet that Mars might once have been hospitable to life.
    (AP, 10/8/98)
1997        Oct 8, Gueorgui Makharadze, a diplomat from the Republic of Georgia, pleaded guilty in Washington to charges stemming from a car crash that killed Maryland teen-ager Jovianne Waltrick. Makharadze was sentenced to seven years in prison; he initially served his term in a US prison, but was later transferred to Georgia, where he was paroled in 2002.
    (AP, 10/8/07)
1997        Oct 8, A jury in South Carolina ordered Chrysler Corp. to pay $262.5 mil to  the parents of a 6-year-old boy killed in a 1994 accident due to a defective rear latch. $250 mil was for punitive damages.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.A6)
1997        Oct 8, A single-engine Cessna-208 was lost in Colorado with 8 employees of the federal Bureau of Reclamation. The plane was found in the Uncompahgre Plateau and all nine passengers were killed.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A5)(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A2)
1997        Oct 8, In Belarus Pavel Sheremet, the TV journalist held for illegally crossing into Lithuania, was released after a 2-month detention. He still faced charges and was not allowed to leave the capital.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C3)
1997        Oct 8, The trial of Maurice Papon opened in Bordeaux after a court rejected his appeal. During the trial the judge called 4 historians to explain the background to the jury. These included Robert O. Paxton, who in 2004 authored The Anatomy of Fascism.
    (AP, 9/18/02)(Econ, 3/13/04, p.85)
1997        Oct 8, In France a 36-hour rail strike disrupted travelers.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 8, In Lebanon two Israeli soldiers were killed in an ambush. The total for the year thus reached 37.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D2)
1997        Oct 8, In North Korea Kim Jong Il was named General Secretary of the Workers' Party,  the countrys top leadership post.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C2)(AP, 12/28/11)
1997        Oct 8, It was reported that at least 420 people in western New Guinea had died over the last 23 months from starvation and illness due to the prolonged drought.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 8, The UN imposed sanctions on Sierra Leone to pressure for the restoration of civilian government.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.C3)

1997        Oct 9, Dario Fo (71), an Italian playwright and performer, received the Nobel Prize in literature. The leftist playwright had been prosecuted by Italy, denounced by Roman Catholic Church leaders and barred from the United States. His work included: "Archangels Dont Play Pinball" (1960), "Mistero Biffo," (Comic Mystery) written in 1969, and "Accidental Death of an Anarchist" (1970), "We Cant Pay, We Dont Pay" (1974) and "Orgasmo Adulto Escapes From the Zoo."
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/10/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 8/23/98, DB p.13)(AP, 10/9/98)
1997        Oct 9, Bosnian Muslims won the municipal elections in Srebrenica when refugee voters returned to outnumber Serbs who had moved in following mass executions in 1995.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)
1997        Oct 9, In Italy Premier Romano Prodi resigned after his Marxist allies refused to accept welfare cuts. The 17-month old government was the first leftist-dominated and 55th government since WW II. Pres. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro asked Prodi to stay on as caretaker while a new government is formed.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D3)
1997        Oct 9, In Mexico Hurricane Pauline swept through Acapulco and left at least 124 dead. Confirmed deaths reached 149 with 132 from Acapulco. Hurricane Pauline claimed more than 230 lives.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A1)(SFC,10/15/97, p.C3)(AP, 10/9/98)
1997        Oct 9, From the Republic of Congo the UN reported that both sides have signed a cease-fire pact. Genl. Sassou Nguesse signed the document that his opponents, Pres. Pascal Lissouba and prime minister Bernard Kolelas, agreed to sign last month.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)
1997        Oct 9, In Russia Moscow police arrested Gennady Konyakhin, mayor of Leninsk-Kuznetsky in Siberia, on charges of siphoning cash from the public coffers.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.D5)

1997        Oct 10, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Jody Williams and the Intl. Campaign to Ban Land Mines (ICBL). There were an estimated 100 million anti-personnel mines buried around the world that killed or wounded some 26,000 people each year.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)(AP, 10/10/98)
1997        Oct 10, Bob Dylan was awarded the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize. It consisted of a silver medallion and a cash stipend.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.E3)
1997        Oct 10, Defying the Republican Congress a second time, President Clinton vetoed a ban on certain late-term abortion procedures.
    (AP, 10/10/98)
1997        Oct 10, An Argentine DC-9 with 75 people crashed in Uruguay. All 74 were killed when the plane crashed during a torrential rainstorm.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/12/97, p.A16)
1997        Oct 10, Bosnian Serb nationalists won a narrow victory in the Sept. Brcko municipal elections. A Muslim party coalition won 14 of 24 seats in Mostar. An intl. supervisor, US diplomat Robert Farrand, issued an order that the municipal administration in Brcko must reflect the prewar multiethnic composition, and that this would extend to the police and the judiciary.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 10, In Cuba Fidel Castro was re-elected president at the close of the 5th national congress. His brother Raul was re-elected as 2nd in command.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A19)
1997        Oct 10, In France Prime Minister Lionel Jospin proposed a law to cut the workweek to 35 hours from 39 as a means to create jobs by Jan 1, 2000.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 10, In North Korea Kim Jong Il was scheduled to be formally named as the general secretary of the Workers Party.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 10, In Kenya riot police beat up opposition members of parliament while Pres. Moi gave a speech on "Moi Day," marking 19 years in power.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 10, In South Koreas the ruling party accused Kim Dae Jung, the leading opposition contender, of taking $15 million in bribes from some top businesses. The ruling party was trailing badly in the polls.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 10, In Spain Adolfo Scilingo of Argentina was jailed after appearing to voluntarily testify on his crimes. He admitted to hurling 30 prisoners from airplanes during the "dirty war."
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)

1997        Oct 11, In Australia a photograph titled "Piss Christ" at the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne by Andres Serrano (47) was damaged when an attacker wrenched it from the wall. The photograph depicted Jesus immersed in urine. The next day an 18-year-old attacked the work with a hammer while a companion diverted attention by pulling other pieces off the wall.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B5)
1997        Oct 11, Authorities reported no survivors from the overnight crash of an Argentine jetliner in Uruguay, which killed all 74 people on board.
    (AP, 10/11/98)

1997        Oct 12, Pres. Clinton met Pres. Rafael Caldera of Venezuela on the first stop of his trip to South America. It was reported that Venezuela handles some 100 metric tons of cocaine and 10 metric tons of heroin from Colombia to the US.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A14) (HN, 10/12/98)
1997        Oct 12, In SF a rock concert organized by Chet Helms was planned in Golden Gate Park to commemorate the 30-year anniversary of the "Be-In." [see 1/14/67] An estimated 10,000 people gathered for the concert.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.E1)
1997        Oct 12, John Denver (53), singer and songwriter, died after his Long-EZ aircraft crashed into the ocean near Monterey, Ca. He was born as Henry John Deutschendorf Jr. and came to prominence as a member of the Chad Mitchell Trio. He wrote the song "Leavin on a Jet Plane," that became a hit for Peter, Paul and Mary.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A1,13)
1997        Oct 12, In Bosnia elections were scheduled by Pres. Plavsic.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 12, In Jerusalem an Arab toddler received the heart of a Jewish boy killed in a bicycle-auto accident.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 12, In the Republic of Congo Angolan troops backed the rebels in an offensive around southern cities. Rebels surrounded Brazzaville and Genl. Jean-Marie Tiaffou urged government troops to surrender. There were reports that Angolas UNITA rebels were backing Pres. Lissouba.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A12)

1997        Oct 13, Gary Lee Davis (b.1944) was executed by lethal injection in Colorados first execution since capital punishment was legalized in 1978.  He had exhausted all appeals and was denied clemency by Gov. Roy Romer for the 1986 abduction, rape and murder of Virginia May (32).
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Lee_Davis)
1997        Oct 13, It was reported that the California State Fish and Game Dept. planned to use the piscicide Nusyn-Noxfish, which contains rotenone, to destroy all the fish in Lake Davis in Plumas County in order to rid the lake of the non-indigenous pike. The people of the county protested the use of the poison in particular because of the dispersant, trichloroethylene (TCE), used to make rotenone mix with water. The lake was dosed Oct 15 and 7 protestors were arrested. In 1998 trace amounts of piperonyl butoxide (POB) were still present the planting of new fish was delayed. In 1998 the state agreed to pay $9 million to settle claims from the poisoning which devastated tourism. In 1999 2 northern pike were fished from the lake as well as catfish that had apparently survived the poisoning. From 2000-2007 some 60,500 pike were caught in the lake. In 2007 wildlife officials planned a new attempt to wipe out the pike.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A1,17)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A1)(SFC, 5/1/98, p.A21)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.A30)(SFC, 5/28/99, p.A21)(SFC, 1/24/07, p.B3)
1997        Oct 13, The Cassini spacecraft was scheduled to be launched aboard a Titan rocket from Cape Canaveral for a trip to end in 2004 at Saturn. It will carry the Huygens probe to be deployed on the Saturn moon Titan. It was postponed
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.1)
1997        Oct 13, A British jet car, Thrust SSC, driven by Andy Green of the Royal Air Force set a land speed record of 764.168 mph in Nevada's Black Rock Desert. The record was not recorded as official because turn around time went over an hour due to braking problems. Green officially broke the record two days later.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A1,7)(AP, 10/13/98)
1997        Oct 13, In Quebec, Canada, a bus with 48 senior citizens overturned into a ravine near St. Joseph-de-la-Rive and 43 were killed.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/13/98)
1997        Oct 13, In Italy the Communist Refounding Party reopened talks that were expected to restore Prodi to power and leave his budget intact.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 13, In Kenya teachers ended a 12-day strike after the government agreed to a 200% raise. Their salaries had averaged $35 per month.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 13, In South Korea Kim Hyun Chul (37), son of Pres. Kim Young Sam, was sentenced to 3 years in prison for bribery and tax evasion that amounted to about $2.1 million, an amount  for which he was also fined.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 13, Swiss bank officials said that 4,000 more unclaimed accounts from the Holocaust era were found containing about $4 million.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 13, In Vietnam journalist Nguyen Hoang Linh of the business newspaper Enterprise, was arrested on charges of revealing state secrets. He had been investigating government corruption.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)

1997        Oct 14, The Booker Prize for literature went to Indian writer Arundhati Roy for her book: "The God of Small Things."
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.D4)
1997        Oct 14, The nominal world premiere of the symphonic poem "Standing Stone" by Paul McCartney was performed by the London Symphony Orchestra and chorus at Royal Albert Hall.
    (WSJ, 11/18/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 14, The Florida Marlins won the National League championship, defeating the Atlanta Braves 7-4 in game six.
    (AP, 10/14/98)
1997        Oct 14, Ray Fred Smith (78) and Perry L. Adkinson (68) were awarded the World Food Prize for their work on integrated pest management (IPM).
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 14, Myron Scholes of Stanford, and Robert Merton of Harvard won the Nobel Prize in Economics for their work on valuing stock options and other investments.
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/14/98)
1997        Oct 14, Pres. Clinton met with Brazils Pres. Cardoso. They signed an agreement for a partnership to improve education cooperation and a $10 million US contribution to improve conservation in the Amazon.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)
1997        Oct 14, The US Supreme Court rejected the appeals of those who sought to block the Oregon voter approved law on assisted suicide.
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 14, Harold Robbins, novelist, died at age 81 in Palm Springs, Calif. He wrote "adventure" and "desperation" novels that included: "Never Love a Stranger," "Carpetbaggers," Dreams Die First," "Spellbinder," "Never Leave Me," "The Raiders," and "The Betsy."
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)(AP, 10/14/98)
1997        Oct 14, In Algeria 54 people were massacred near the main oil and gas center. Four leading human rights organizations called on world leaders to take steps to halt the crises in Algeria.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C2)
1997        Oct 14, In Chile an earthquake that measured 6.8 left 8 dead and 100 injured.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C3)(WSJ, 10/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 14, In the Republic of Congo Pres. Lissouba fled the presidential palace in Brazzaville. Premier Bernard Kolelas fled the Republic of Congo when militia fighters loyal to Sassou-Nguesso toppled President Pascal Lissouba.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/05)
1997        Oct 14, Aydin Dikmen (60), Turkish art dealer, was arrested in Germany for selling antiquities plundered from Cyprus since 1974.
    (http://turkeyhumanrights.fw.bz/religion/TurkThief.htm)(AM, 11/04, p.13)
1997        Oct 14, In Rwanda assailants killed 37 people and wounded 14 in the Mutura commune northwest of Kigali.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A14)
1997        Oct 14, In Spain a separatist guerrilla group killed a policeman while trying to bomb the new Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao. Jose Maria Aguirre was killed when he helped foil the ETA attack. One of three gunmen, Kepa Arronnategui, was captured.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A14)(SFC,10/18/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 14, On St. Kitts legislators from Nevis voted to withdraw from the federation with St. Kitts.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C3)

1997        Oct 15, The Cleveland Indians won the American League championship, defeating the Baltimore Orioles 1-0 in game six.
    (AP, 10/15/98)
1997        Oct 15, The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Steven Chu of Stanford, William D. Phillips of the Natl. Institute of Standards and Technology, and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji of the France. Their work centered on slowing the speed of gaseous atoms using lasers. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Paul D. Boyer of UCLA, John E. Walker of Britain, and Jens C. Skou of Denmark for work on how ATP works to store energy in living cells.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A1,15)(AP, 10/15/98)
1997        Oct 15, The US CIA disclosed that its annual budget for spy services totaled $26.6 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 15, The US set a deadline for three Japanese shipping companies to pay some $4 million in fines. The fines were imposed based on discriminatory Japanese harbor policies. The deadline was missed and the US threatened to block Japanese shipping from US ports. An agreement was later reached. The problem was with the Japan Harbor Transportation Association (JHTA), which was said to have ties with the Yamaguchi-gumi syndicate. A settlement was approved on Oct 27.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/21/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 15, Former Illinois rep Dan Rostenkowski was released from custody for mail fraud.
1997        Oct 15, A British jet-powered car driven by pilot Andy Green broke the land speed record with an average run of 763.035 mph at Gerlach, Nevada. The Thrust SSC was powered by two 110,000-horse-power Rolls-Royce Spey 205 engines. The vehicle was 54 feet long, 12 feet wide, and weighed 10.2 tons.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/15/98)
1997        Oct 15, NASA's plutonium-powered Cassini spacecraft rocketed flawlessly toward Saturn. The $3.3 billion Cassini-Huygens Mission was scheduled to arrive on July 1, 2004.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/15/98)(SSFC, 6/27/04, p.A1)
1997        Oct 15, The CD-ROM computer game "Riven," a sequel to "Myst," was scheduled for release.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.E3)(SFEC, 8/10/97, DB p.33)
1997        Oct 15, In Brazil Pres. Clinton spoke on free trade at the Mangueira school, a multi-use training facility for some 2,000 children sponsored by Xerox Corp.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 15, Regarding Burma it was reported that only 2 of the 31 in the elite Junta have university degrees and that Chinese business people had virtually taken over in Mandalay, which had been the heart of Burmese culture.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C2)
1997        Oct 15, In the Republic of the Congo rebel forces loyal to the former Marxist dictator Denis Sassou-Nguesso, backed by as many as 1000 troops from Angola, gained full control of Brazzaville, the capital and Pointe Noire, the 2nd largest city.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A13)(SFC,12/12/97, p.B4)
1997        Oct 15, In Sri Lanka 18 people were killed in a series of bomb blasts in downtown Colombo and some 110 were injured. The blasts occurred at the 39-story World Trade Center. 15-20 youths were said to have taken part in the attack. The Liberation Tigers were reported to be led by Velupillai Prabhakaran, the son of a fisherman.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)(SFC,10/17/97, p.A12)(SFC, 1/26/98, p.A9)

1997        Oct 16, Pres. Clinton designated Argentina a "non-NATO ally" during a speech in Buenos Aires.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A25)
1997        Oct 16, US doctors reported that a Georgia woman (39) was first to give birth using a frozen egg in the US. The egg was supplied by a woman (29) and  had been frozen for 25 months before it was thawed and fertilized.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/16/98)
1997        Oct 16, In Humboldt County, Ca., 4 protestors staged a sit-in in the office of Republican Representative Frank Riggs in Eureka. Sheriffs deputies applied pepper spray directly to the eyes of the protestors using cotton swabs and Q-tips.
    (SFC,10/31/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 16, James A. Michener, American novelist, died at 90 in Texas. He wrote some 47 books that began with "Tales of the South Pacific" in 1947.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A1,17)(AP, 10/16/98)
1997        Oct 16, It was reported that the US Agency for Intl. Development donated $1 million to Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic for reconstruction in Banja Luka.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A14)
1997        Oct 16, Bosnian Serb hard-liners launched a guerrilla-style TV broadcast and attacked the Wests efforts to silence them.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.D2)

1997        Oct 17, The new $180 million New Jersey Performing Arts Center opened in Newark.
    (WSJ, 10/21/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 17, The US Army used a Miracl (medium infra-red advanced chemical laser developed by TRW) laser beam to hit the MISTI-3 satellite in orbit. The laser test was prohibited by Congress in 1985, but the ban expired in 1995. The test failed to be recorded by sensors on the satellite.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A2)(WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 17, Tosco Corp. asked the California Air Resources Board to move away from the use of MTBE as a gasoline fuel additive due to possible contamination of ground water.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 17, The remains of revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara (1928-1967) were laid to rest in his adopted Cuba in Santa Clara, 30 years after his execution in Bolivia.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A10)(AP, 10/17/98)

1997        Oct 18, The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians 7-4 in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/18/98)
1997        Oct 18, A $21.5 million memorial to honor the military service of US women was dedicated at entrance to Arlington National Cemetery.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A3)(AP, 10/18/98)
1997        Oct 18, In California a 10-day strike continued at the Foster Farms chicken slaughterhouse in Livingston. The plant was the largest in the world and some 2,000 workers refused to accept a pay hike with doubled health insurance costs.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 18, Roberto C. Goizueta, CEO of Coca-Cola since 1981, died at age 65. Under his direction Cokes value increased from $5 billion to $150 billion. He was replaced by Douglas Ivester.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.C11)(AP, 10/18/98)(Econ, 5/8/04, p.59)
1997        Oct 18, Broadcast journalist Nancy Dickerson died in New York at age 70.
    (AP, 10/18/98)
1997        Oct 18, From Bangladesh it was reported that a tornado during the week killed 22 people and injured more than 400 at the site of an annual congregation of Biswa Ijtema, the 2nd largest Muslim gathering after the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 18, In Israel storms left five people dead. It struck during the 8-day Sukkot festival and many people were out in nature reserves and national parks.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.A26)
1997        Oct 18, From Russia it was reported that the new 500,000-ruble note has a picture of a 15th century monastery depicted at a time when the site was used as the Soviet Unions first real labor camp.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 18, There was an attempt to assassinate Spain's King Juan Carlos. In 2011 British officers arrested Eneko Gogeaskoetxea Arronategui (44), a suspected Basque separatist, in connection with the attempted assassination.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)

1997        Oct 19, The Cleveland Indians defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 in game two of the World Series, evening the series at one game apiece.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1997        Oct 19, Special U.S. envoy Dennis Ross arrived in Israel for another round of meetings in an effort to push the Mideast peace process forward.
    (AP, 10/19/98)
1997        Oct 19, Hungarian-born George Soros, American financier and philanthropist, said he would spend some $500 million over 3 years in Russia to improve health care, expand educational opportunities, and help retrain the military for civilian jobs.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 19, It was reported that British scientists had created a frog embryo without a due by manipulating genes. It was believed that the technique could be adopted to grow human organs.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 19, In Colombia leftist rebels killed Pablo Antonio Hernandez, a mayoral candidate in Saravena and wounded another in Yumbo.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 19, In Germany Gunter Grass presented the peace prize of the German book-publishing industry to Yasar Kemal, a Turkish author. Grass criticized his compatriots as "closet racists."
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 19, In Montenegro Milo Djukanovic beat pro-Milosevic incumbent Momir Bulatovic for the presidency.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 19, In Palestine Sheik Ahmed Yassin, founder of Hamas, announced a halt in attacks against Israel.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 19, In Spain Pilar Miro, film director, died in Madrid at age 57. Her films included "Beltenebros," "Gary Cooper Is in Heaven," "Bird of Happiness," "The Dog in the Manger," and the 1979 expose "The Cuenca Crime."
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A19)
1997        Oct 19, From Russia it was reported that Aman Tuleyev was elected as Communist governor of Kemerova, also known as Kuzbass, a region in western Siberia.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 19, In Sierra Leone at least 70 people fleeing air raids in Freetown were killed when their truck overturned. Nigerian jets were bombing the city and at least 10,000 people had already fled.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 19, In Bilbao, Spain, the new Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was scheduled to open. The 256,000 sq. ft. titanium, limestone and glass structure was designed by American architect Frank Gehry and funded entirely by the Basque regional government under the direction of Thomas Krens, director of the Guggenheim.
    (WSJ, 7/2/96, p.A12)(USAT, 10/8/97, p.1D)(WSJ, 10/16/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 19, In Sri Lanka Navy gunboats attacked a convoy of rebel boats and more than 100 Tamil insurgents were claimed to have been killed.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A9)

1997        Oct 20, The US government alleged that Microsofts bundling of its browser into the operating system violated a 1995 consent decree.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)(MC, 10/20/01)
1997        Oct 20, It was reported that a British firm has proposed a rail tunnel to link Britain and Ireland. The 56-mile tunnel was estimated to cost $22.6 billion.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A12)
1997        Oct 20, Harold Albert, British writer, died. He created the character of Helen Cathcart as the writer of royal biographies between 1962 and 1988 that included: "Her Majesty, the Queen Herself," and "Charles: Man of Destiny."
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.E3)
1997        Oct 20, In Burundi soldiers of the Tutsi army packed 40 civilians into a rural school in the region of Kibezi and tossed a grenade inside. All were killed. Major Andre Nijongabo, an army commander, defended the incident claiming that the dead were "genocidal terrorists." Hutu rebels had burned 18 schools a week ago.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 20, Typhoon Ivan with 93 mph winds plowed into the northeastern Philippines.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 20, Because of the need for spacesuits, Mir cosmonauts performed history's first "internal spacewalk" to restore power to the damaged Spektr module of the space station.
    (AP, 10/20/98)

1997        Oct 21, The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians 14-11 in game three of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/21/98)
1997        Oct 21, Reversing months of strong opposition, the Clinton administration endorsed a revised Republican bill to restructure the Internal Revenue Service and shift the burden of proof from the taxpayer to the government in contested court cases.
    (AP, 10/21/98)
1997        Oct 21, It was reported that the US Energy Dept. and the Arthur D. Little company had developed a new fuel system for cars that uses fuel cell technology first developed by NASA. Electricity would be produced by extracting hydrogen from gasoline and combining it with oxygen.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A2)
1997        Oct 21, Pictures of the Antennae galaxies, two intermeshed colliding galaxies, taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1996, were revealed to the public for the first time.
    (SFC,10/22/97, p.A1)

1997        Oct 22, The Cleveland Indians tied the World Series at two games apiece as they beat the Florida Marlins, 10-3, in game four.
    (AP, 10/22/98)
1997        Oct 22, President Clinton presented a modest strategy to combat global warming by gradually reducing greenhouse gases over the next two decades.
    (AP, 10/22/98)
1997        Oct 22, In Detroit the Gem Theater / 20th Century Club, a 2,750 ton building, was moved 5 blocks through downtown to make room for a new ballpark. It set a new record as the heaviest building moved.
    (SFC,10/23/97, p.A17)
1997        Oct 22, Larry Flynt sold Hustler in a non-zoned area of Cincinnati despite a revamped city ordinance designed to keep stores selling adult materials out of downtown.
1997        Oct 22, Compaq testified that Microsoft had threatened to break a Windows 95 agreement if they showcased a Netscape icon.
1997        Oct 22, For the first time, U.S. inspectors discovered E. coli bacteria in imported Canadian beef, halting shipments of 34,000 pounds.
    (AP, 10/22/98)
1997        Oct 22, Two US Air Force jets collided over Edwards Air Force Base in Ca. and two men in one of the planes, a T-38 trainer, were killed. The other jet, an F-16, managed to land safely. It was later determined that one pilot had attempted to avoid hitting birds.
    (WSJ, 10/23/97, p.A1)(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A9)
1997        Oct 22, In Chechnya relief workers Istvan Olah and Gabor Dunajsky of Hungary were captured and held as hostages. They were released in July, 1998.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A10)

1997        Oct 22-28, Fidel Castro was hospitalized for hypertensive encephalopathy.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A9)

1997        Oct 23, The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians, 8-7, in game five of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/23/02)
1997        Oct 23, British au pair Louise Woodward, charged with murdering a baby in her care, testified at her trial in Cambridge, Mass., that she'd never hurt 8-month-old Matthew Eappen, saying, "I love kids."
    (AP, 10/23/02)
1997        Oct 23, The stock market dropped 186.88 points in a ripple effect from an overnight drop in the Hong Kong market.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 23, A psychologist at UC Berkeley, S. Marc Breedlove, found that sexual activity among rats reduced the size of neurons at the base of the spinal cord. Smaller neurons are more active and fire more frequently and may have become "primed for more action."
    (SFC,10/23/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 23, AIDS researchers reported a new chemokine molecule that blocks HIV from infecting cells.
    (WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 23, The International Whaling Commission opened the way for an American Indian tribe, the Makah, to resume traditional whale hunts for the first time in seven decades.
    (AP, 10/23/02)
1997        Oct 23, Algeria held local elections. The government claimed a 66% turnout. The winners will choose 2/3 of the members of the upper house of parliament. Pres. Zeroual will choose the other third. Opposition parties charged that the turnout was greatly inflated and that some poll watchers were roughed up and stopped from observing the tally.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.D2,4)(SFC,10/24/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 23, In Colombia 2 observers from the Organization of American States were kidnapped by rebels and on candidate of the upcoming elections was killed. Rebels detonated some 20 bombs across the country and 2 policemen were killed as they tried to defuse car bombs.
    (WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A1)(SFC,10/24/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 23, The UN threatened a trade ban against Iraq unless Iraq cooperates with weapons inspectors.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A12)

1997        Oct 24, The "Green and Blue" ballet by Bill T. Jones had its US premiere in Berkeleys Zellerbach Hall by the Lyon Opera Ballet of France.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.D3)
1997        Oct 24, Setting the stage for an upcoming summit, President Clinton rejected calls for a confrontational approach to China, arguing that isolating the Chinese would be "potentially dangerous."
    (AP, 10/24/98)
1997        Oct 24, In Arlington, Va., former NBC sportscaster Marv Albert was spared a jail sentence after a grudging courtroom apology to the woman he'd bitten during a sexual romp.
    (AP, 10/24/98)
1997        Oct 24, The US stock market Dow Jones average dropped 132.36 points following the 187 point drop on Oct 23.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 24, The US Lunar Prospector was scheduled to take off and circle the moon for a year to look for minerals, ice, and to map the surface.
    (USAT, 8/29/97, p.12A)
1997        Oct 24, In Philadelphia a firebomb killed a grandmother, her daughter and three children in a blighted neighborhood of crack houses.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A4)
1997        Oct 24, A UN director said that the Taliban of Afghanistan has agreed to enforce a ban on poppy production.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 24, In Bolivia the first McDonalds restaurant opened in La Paz.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.D2)
1997        Oct 24, Zoran Todorovic (aka "Rifle Butt"), top manager of Beopetrol and general secretary of the Yugoslav United Left party (JUL), was shot dead. He was a close confidante of Mirjana Markovic.
    (SFC,10/25/97, p.A10)(SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A23)
1997        Oct 24, The Swiss government announced plans to sell up to half of its gold reserves. The announcement sent gold prices to a 12-year low.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.D1)

1997        Oct 25, The Cleveland Indians avoided elimination in the World Series by defeating the Florida Marlins, 4-1, in game six.
    (AP, 10/25/98)
1997        Oct 25, The Million Woman March was in Philadelphia to revitalize black families and communities drew an estimated 300,000 to one million people.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A3)(SFEC,10/26/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/25/98)
1997        Oct 25, A blizzard hit the western Plains and dropped up to 3 feet of snow. Colorado Gov. Roy Romer declared a state of emergency.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A4)
1997        Oct 25, Congos Pres. Kabila and the US ambassador to the UN announced an agreement for a UN investigation into alleged massacres by Kabilas army.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 25, In the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Gen. Dennis Sassou-Nguesso was sworn in as president, with the stated aim of achieving "national reconciliation" in the former French colony.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, p.A22)(AFP, 5/14/19)
1997        Oct 25, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas and rubber bullets at stone-throwing Palestinians who were marching for the release of Palestinian prisoners. Some 3,000 Palestinian political prisoners were being held by Israel and a third have never been tried.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A24)
1997        Oct 25, In Norway it was reported that a new 8-mile tunnel outside of Oslo was draining water from nearby lakes at the rate of 10,000 gallons a minute. The sealing compound Rhoca-Gil was supposed to stop the leaks, but its use in Sweden had already caused water to be contaminated with acrylamide, an agent that causes nerve damage. In Sweden construction of a controversial tunnel was halted when water draining from the tunnel was found to be contaminated by the sealing compound, Rhoca-Gil.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 25, In Northern Ireland a small bomb exploded under the car seat of Glen Greer (28) in Belfast and killed him as the car burst into flames. It was the first political killing in three months.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct 25, In the Republic of Congo Gen. Dennis Sassou-Nguesso was sworn in as president.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka government troops seized 965 ethnic Tamils for questioning over an earlier truck bombing. Rebels in the northeast attacked a military post that left 6 soldiers and three rebels dead.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A21)

1997        Oct 26, The Florida Marlins became the youngest franchise to win the World Series with a 3-2 victory in the eleventh inning over the Cleveland Indians in the seventh and final game.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.E1)(AP, 10/26/98)
1997        Oct 26, It was reported that some 50 Southern California doctors and about a dozen laser surgery centers were under investigation for insurance fraud for serving mostly Southeast Asian and Latino women seeking beauty makeovers under false claims.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.D5)
1997        Oct 26, It was reported that hundreds of shorebirds washed up dead along the 25-mile stretch of Monterey Bay beaches. A non-toxic refined-sardine oil had been spilled into the bay and stuck the birds feathers together. The source of the oil was not yet determined. The substance was later thought to be a hydrogenated vegetable oil.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.D2)(SFC,10/29/97, p.A24)
1997        Oct 26, In congressional elections in Argentina the opposition coalition led the Peronists 46% to 36%. The opposition Alliance, led by Fernandez Maijide, was composed of the centrist Civic Radical Union and the left-leaning Frepaso coalition.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A8)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 26, In China the third Shanghai International Film Festival opened. 350 films from 40 countries were to be shown over 10 days.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.D3)
1997        Oct 26, Chinese leader Jiang Zemin arrived in Honolulu en route to a White House summit with President Clinton.
    (AP, 10/26/98)
1997        Oct 26, China began blocking the Yellow River for the $4.17 billion Xiaolangdi Dam project.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A9)
1997        Oct 26, In Colombia municipal elections were scheduled. Leftist guerrilla had forced nearly 2,000 candidates to withdraw from the elections. Rebels enforced an election boycott in about 40% of the country, but affected only a small portion of the population.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.)(SFC,10/24/97, p.A10)(SFC,10/27/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 26, In Egypt Pres. Mubarek opened the new Peace Canal to carry Nile water to the Sinai Peninsula. The irrigation of 620,000 acres of desert was planned to support 1.5 million residents.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A9)(WSJ, 8/22/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 26, From Indonesia it was reported that 120 orangutans on Borneo were killed or tortured by villagers after they were forced out of their habitats by wildfires. The island was home to some 20,000 orangutans.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 26, In Italy the Northern League party of Umberto Bossi held a symbolic election to choose a "parliament" for independent Padania.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A9)

1997        Oct 27, The Dow Jones industrial average tumbled 554.26 points, 7.18%,  to 7161 forcing the stock market to shut down for the first time since the 1981 assassination attempt on President Reagan.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/27/98)
1997        Oct 27, US released a redesigned $50 bill.
1997        Oct 27, Authorities in Chautauqua County, N.Y., said Nushawn Williams (20), an HIV-positive man who allegedly traded drugs for sex with young women and teens, had infected a number of them with the AIDS virus. Later 48 partners were identified and 13 women and girls tested positive.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.A5)(AP, 10/27/98)
1997        Oct 27, Intel Corp bought the chip manufacturing operations of Digital Equipment for $700 million.
1997        Oct 27, Microsoft argued it should be "free from government interference."
1997        Oct 27, Researchers from the Univ. of Mich. reported that they found a hormone to stimulate the growth of the myelin sheath that surrounds nerves.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A2)
1997        Oct 27, In Algeria some 15,000 supporters of the Socialist Forces Front marched to protest fraud in the elections.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 27, Britain concluded a 54-nation Commonwealth meeting.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 27, British Defense Sec. George Robertson announced that women soldiers would be allowed to serve as engineers and gunners under battle conditions.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 27, In Canada teachers in Ontario walked out in protest against budget cuts.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 27, In the Comoros the island of Anjouan held a referendum to re-unite with France and voters overwhelmingly approved the measure. France refused to accept the results.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)(www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107423.html)
1997        Oct 27, In Zambia there was a coup attempt by against Pres. Frederick Chiluba.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A10)

1997        Oct 28, The NBA announced that two women were selected to serve as referees. This was the first time that women would work as officials in any all-male American professional sport.
    (SFC,10/29/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 28, A day after plunging 554 points, the stock market roared back, posting a 337-point recovery, with more than one billion shares traded. The 4.71% point gain was the largest ever.
    (WSJ, 10/29/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/28/98)
1997        Oct 28, In England the Financial Services Authority (FSA) came into being for the oversight of financial institutions.
    (Econ, 10/20/07, SR p.31)(http://tinyurl.com/2ryrgx)
1997        Oct 28, In South Africa the First National Branch in Pretoria was robbed of $2,500. Mzwakhe Mbuli, a renowned "people's poet," and 2 suspects were arrested shortly after the robbery. Mbuli was convicted in 1999, but claimed that he was framed due to his knowledge of government officials involved in drug smuggling. He was given a 13-year jail term.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F3)(SFC, 4/23/99, p.D3)

1997        Oct 29, Pres. Clinton and Chinas Pres. Jiang Zemin engaged in high level talks and publicly disagreed on Chinese human rights policies, but agreed to end the diplomatic chill between their countries. Business deals included an accord to let Westinghouse and other firms develop nuclear power in China and a $3 billion order from Boeing.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/30/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/29/98)
1997        Oct 29, The UN put new sanctions on the Angola UNITA rebels under Jonas Savimbi for not adhering to the 1994 Lusaka Protocol.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 29, Anton LaVey (67), founder of the Church of Satan, died in SF. His daughter, Karla LaVey, and companion, Blanche Barton, promised to carry on his work.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 29, Yaka the killer whale died at Marine World / Africa USA in Vallejo at the age of 32 after performing for 27 years. The body was stripped and rendered and the bones were buried without a permit at the Coyote Point Museum in San Mateo.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A18)
1997        Oct 29, From Brazil it was reported that at least 10% of the 2 million square-mile Amazon basin was destroyed by fire.
    (SFC,10/29/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 29, In the Comoros Islands leaders on Anjouan announced an independent government.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct 29, Iraq barred US personnel from being included in UN inspection teams of weapons programs, a move that outraged chief weapons inspector Richard Butler and prompted him to suspend inspections.
    (WSJ, 10/30/97, p.A1)(AP, 10/29/98)
1997        Oct 29, South Africas Nelson Mandela arrived in Libya to bestow the Order of Good Hope on Colonel Muammar Qaddafi.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.45)(www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/ir/sirga/ARboyd273.pdf)
1997        Oct 29, Swiss banks released findings of an additional $12.4 million in unclaimed funds from WW II.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A13)

1997        Oct 30, A jury in Cambridge, Mass., convicted British au pair Louise Woodward of second-degree murder in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen. The judge, Hiller B. Zobel, later reduced the verdict to manslaughter and set Woodward free.
    (AP, 10/30/98)
1997        Oct 30, Confronting some of his harshest critics, Chinese President Jiang Zemin defended his country's human rights record before members of Congress. He also promised the US to cut its average tariff to 10% by 2005.
    (WSJ, 10/31/97, p.A20) (AP, 10/30/98)
1997        Oct 30, In Livermore, CA., a shutdown began of the "plutonium building" at the National Laboratory due to safety violations.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.D7)
1997        Oct 30, Movie director Samuel Fuller died in Hollywood at age 86.
    (AP, 10/30/98)
1997        Oct 30, In Algeria some 30,000 marched in Algiers in protest over the elections and called for the resignation of Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia.
    (SFC,10/31/97, p.D2)
1997        Oct 30, In Ireland Mary McAleese, a lawyer and academic from Belfast, was elected as president to succeed Mary Robinson.
    (SFC,10/31/97, p.D3)

1997        Oct 31, The US announced a plan to increase spending over the next decade to  $1 billion per year to clear the world of land mines that threaten civilian populations by 2010.
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 31, Chinese President Jiang Zemin rang the bell at the New York Stock Exchange to open the day's trading.
    (AP, 10/31/98)
1997        Oct 31, British au pair Louise Woodward received a mandatory life sentence, a day after a jury in Cambridge, Mass., convicted her of second-degree murder in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen. The verdict was later reduced to manslaughter, and Woodward was set free.
    (AP, 10/31/98)
1997        Oct 31, The FBI began an investigation into the use of pepper spray by law authorities in Humboldt County, California, after a video tape showed the spray applied directly to the eyes of protestors.
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A1)
1997        Oct 31, Indonesia was awarded a $23 billion economic rescue package by the Intl. Monetary Fund. Japan and Singapore promised an additional 5 million each and the US promised an additional $3 billion in loans to be used in case the $23 billion was insufficient to stabilize the situation.
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.D1)(SFEC,11/2/97, p.A18)
1997        Oct 31, Letsie III (34) was crowned king of Lesotho, a figurehead position.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A7)
1997        Oct 31, Jerzy Buzek (57), a chemical engineering professor, became PM of Poland and served until Oct 19, 2001.
1997        Oct 31, Russias lower house ratified a global ban on chemical weapons. After the Duma it goes to the Federation Council for approval. The upper house approved the ban Nov 5.
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/6/97, p.C3)

1997        Oct, The US purchased 21 MiG-29 aircraft from Moldova for $40-50 million, in order to keep the planes out of the hands of Iran. In 2005 Moldova arrested Valeriu Pasat, former defense minister (1997-1999), on suspicion of pocketing $10 million during the sale of 21 MiG-29 fighter jets.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.A5)(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
1997        Oct, The US Treasury issued its newly redesigned $50 bill. It incorporated a larger picture of Ulysses S. Grant and numerous security features that included: a vertical polymer thread, a watermark visible on both sides, color-shifting ink, an 11 digit serial number, concentric fine lines, micro printing and a new Federal Reserve seal.
    (SFEC, 1/18/98, p.C1)
1997        Oct, Red ants, Solenopsis invicta, were found near Lost Hills in Kern County, Ca. They apparently came from Texas in beehives shipped in for pollinating almond blossoms. More ants were found in Fresno county in 1998.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A4)
1997        Oct, The US EPA ordered Rhone Poulenc to build a $21 million dam and pond on a metal-rich creek near Iron Mountain in northern California to reduce mine pollution runoff into the Sacramento River to 5%.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1997        Oct, In Nevada a US district court convicted Jose B. Uribe for attempting to swap world famous paintings for 110 pounds of cocaine. At least some of the paintings, that included work by Matisse, Renoir and Dali, were said to be owned by entertainer Wayne Newton. Newton, embroiled in a bankruptcy suit, initially denied ownership but later changed his mind and claimed ownership.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A2)
1997        Oct, In Argentina Alberto Pedroncini filed a suit on behalf of relatives of 13 "disappeared" people. He argued that the government pardons of military officials were illegal because forced kidnapping is an ongoing offense since the victims have never been found.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A14)
1997        Oct, China signed the UN Intl. Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights during pres. Zemins visit to the US.
    (SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)
1997        Oct, In Colombia paramilitary gunmen killed 6 people in Miraflores.
    (SFC, 2/14/98, p.A8)
1997        Oct, Paramilitary gunmen under Salvatore Mancuso killed 15 people at El Aro in Antioquia department.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.50)(www.cipcol.org/archives/000396.htm)
1997        Oct, The Estonian Philharmonic and Tallinn Chamber Orchestra toured the US and performed music by composer Arvo Prt.
    (WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A20)
1997        Oct, In Paraguay Lino Oviedo, a retired army genl., accused Pres. Wasmosy of corruption. Wasmosy ordered his arrest, but Oviedo went into hiding for 44 days. He turned himself in on Dec 12, and was expected to serve a 30-day sentence.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A14)
1997        Oct, In Sweden construction of a controversial tunnel was halted when water  draining from the tunnel was found to be contaminated by the sealing compound, Rhoca-Gil, which contained acrylamide, an agent known to cause nerve damage.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A11)

1997        Nov 1, Chinese President Jiang Zemin defended his government during an appearance at Harvard University, but conceded that China had made mistakes. Meanwhile, about 2,000 people demonstrated outside both for and against the Chinese government.
    (AP, 11/1/98)
1997        Nov 1, Indonesia shut down 16 insolvent banks and planned austerity measures.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A18)
1997        Nov 1, Iraq announced that American weapons inspectors working with the UN would not be allowed to resume work on Nov 3.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A17)
1997        Nov 1, Russias Pres. Boris Yeltsin met with Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto at Krasnoyarsk to discuss economic cooperation.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A22)

1997        Nov 2, A labor agreement between Amtrak and maintenance workers averted a possible national passenger rail strike.
    (AP, 11/2/98)
1997        Nov 2, Iraq barred two American weapons experts from entering the country, the second such refusal in a week. The UN decided to send a 3-man delegation to Iraq remind Sadam of his obligation to comply with council resolutions.
    (SFC,11/3/97, p.A1) (AP, 11/2/98)
1997        Nov 2, In France 250,000 union truckers began a strike over pay and work hours. Huge traffic pile-ups resulted.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 2, In Sri Lanka the military bombed a ship unloading weapons for the Tamil Tigers and 60 people were reported killed.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 3, The Supreme Court let Californias Prop. 209 stand and ended affirmative action in the state. It prohibits state and local governments from using race and gender based preferences in education, contracting and hiring.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/3/98)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.37)
1997        Nov 3, Opening statements were presented in the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Terry Nichols.
    (AP, 11/3/98)
1997        Nov 3, The Union Pacific Railroad was in a log jam in the LA area and shippers were diverting vessels to other ports.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 3, Chinese President Jiang Zemin left the United States after an eight-day visit.
    (AP, 11/3/98)
1997        Nov 3, In the Cook Islands some 20 people were missing after a cyclone struck. Typhoon Martin killed at least 5 people.
    (WSJ, 11/4/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/8/97, p.A16)
1997        Nov 3, In Thailand Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh announced that he would step down later in the week. Stock and currency markets rallied on the news.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 3, In Vietnam typhoon Linda swept across the south and left almost 100 people dead. As many as a thousand were missing in fishing boats. The death toll reached at least 3,406.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/5/97, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/14/97, p.A1)

1997        Nov 4, In off-year elections US Republicans won high profile races: New Jersey Gov. Christie Whitman won a cliffhanger re-election; New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani won a second term, and James Gilmore won the race for Virginia governor.
    (AP, 11/4/98)
1997        Nov 4, US sanctions against Sudan were tightened due to the Iran-allied governments support for intl. terrorism and abysmal human-rights record. After lobbying by US trade associations the sanctions excluded US imports for gum arabic, a key ingredient for soft drinks, and other goods as an emulsifier.
    (WSJ, 11/5/97, p.A1)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 4, Voters in Oregon affirmed doctor-assisted suicides with a 60% approval.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 4, In SF Phyllis Wattis contributed $10 million to the California Academy of Sciences. Wattis, the 92-year-old great-granddaughter of Brigham Young, also presented $20 million to the SF Fine Arts Museums, $10 million for the new de Young building fund and $10 million for acquisitions. The Exploratorium and the SF Arts Institute were each granted $5 million. Paul Wattis, her husband, was an executive with Utah Construction and Mining, a family business that built the Boulder Dam.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.A18)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.C13)
1997        Nov 4, The Emergent Corp. won a contract with the Internet Council of Registrars to add 7 new domain names: .arts, .firm, .info, .nom, .rec, .store, and .web to make a total of 13 such suffixes along with 29 country codes.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.D1)
1997        Nov 4, H. Richard Hornberger (b.1924), surgeon (inspired M*A*S*H), died in Maine. He authored the novel M*A*S*H (1968) under the open name of Richard Hooker.
1997        Nov 4, Iraq agreed to postpone the expulsion of American weapons inspectors until after U.N. envoys finished their mission.
    (AP, 11/4/98)
1997        Nov 4, It was reported that Jordan receives $225 million in annual aid from the US. Voter turnout reached only 54.5% and tribal leaders loyal to King Hussein won a majority of parliament, 47 of 80 lower house seats.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/5/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 4, In Mexico a convoy with Bishop Samuel Ruiz was attacked in Crucero in northern Chiapas. Three church workers were wounded. The Peace and Justice group, associated with the PRI, was thought to be responsible.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.C6)

1997        Nov 5, The US House overwhelmingly approved a bill calling for the most far-reaching changes at the Internal Revenue Service in 45 years.
    (AP, 11/5/98)
1997        Nov 5, The Enron executive committee approved several hundred million in loan guarantees for a new partnership named Chewbacca, to be partly owned and run independently by Enron executive Michael Kopper. This set a pattern for transactions that inflated earnings and kept debt hidden.
    (WSJ, 2/1/02, p.A1)
1997        Nov 5, A UN inspector claimed that Iraq was taking advantage of the inspection halt and had moved sensitive machinery out of camera view at certain weapons sites.
    (WSJ, 11/6/97, p.A22)
1997        Nov 5, In France trucker barricades went up in Paris. Unions representing Frances 300,000 truckers demanded pay raises up to 7% and a guaranteed salary 0f $1,600 for 200 hours work per month plus compensation for downtime during loading.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 5, In Germany a court in Bonn awarded back wages to a Polish-born Jewish woman for 55 weeks of slave labor at the Weichsel Metall Union company during 1943-1945. Rywka Merin was awarded $8,500.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 5, From Haiti it was reported that falling orders for H.H. Cutler, a contractor for the Walt Disney Corp., left some 800 employees without jobs. The minimum wage was quoted as $2.12 per day.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 5, In Mexico relatives identified the body of Dr. Jaime Godoy Singh (Zinc)(37). He and 2 others were found Nov 2 stuffed into oil drums partly filled with cement. He was the doctor suspected of operating on Amado Carillo Fuentes who died under surgery July 4. Dr. Ricardo Reyes was the other doctor. A third doctor, Carlos Humberto Avila Meljem, was thought to be the third.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.C3)(SFC,11/8/97, p.A11)
1997        Nov 5, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin fired Boris Berezovsky from his position as deputy secretary of the Security Council due to business and political conflicts. Berezovsky, who brokered the peace agreement in Chechnya, was rated by Fortune magazine as the 97th richest man in the world.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.C2)

1997        Nov 6, In Cuba a train-bus crash killed at least 56 people at Urbano Rey in the eastern sugar province of Holguin.
    (WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 6, It was reported that the Russian mafia and other East European gangs controlled some 500,000 foreign women as illegal prostitutes in the 15 EU member countries. Some 15,000 gangs operated in Berlin alone.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.C2,18)
1997        Nov 6, In Belgrade former Serb soldier and convict, Slobodan Misic, was arrested after he told reporters that he had killed up to 80 Croats and Muslims near Vukovar in eastern Croatia and in the Bratunac-Srebrenica area of eastern Bosnia in 1991.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.D3)
1997        Nov 6, In Mexico prosecutors announced that 2 of the 3 doctors found dead in oil drums were being charged with the murder of druglord Amado Carillo Fuentes. The 3rd doctor was charged last month.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A11)
1997        Nov 6, In Spain flooding of the Guadiana River killed 18 people in Badajoz. A total of 31 died along the Spanish-Portuguese border from the storm induced flood.
    (SFC,11/7/97, p.D3)
1997        Nov 6, In Texas the $83 million George Bush Presidential Library and Museum was dedicated on the campus of Texas A&M Univ. at College Station.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A3)

1997        Nov 7, In a rising war of words, the Clinton administration warned it was considering military options, including a cruise missile strike, if Iraq carried out its threat to shoot down U.N. surveillance planes.
    (AP, 11/7/98)
1997        Nov 7, Kenneth Behring, a California real estate developer, made a formal donation of $20 million to the Smithsonian Institution.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A6)
1997        Nov 7, In Concord, Ca., the De La Salle High School football team under coach Bob Ladoucer won their 73rd straight game and broke a 1975 record set by Hudson, Mich., High School.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 7, In Florida Sheila Bellush (35) was found dead by her 13-year-old daughter in her home in Sarasota with her quadruplet toddlers crawling in her blood. Samuel Gonzales (27) and Daniel Alex Rocha of San Antonio, Tx., were later arrested for conspiracy to commit murder. Police still searched for Jose Luis Del Toro (21), the man believed to have done the shooting. Del Toro was extradited from Mexico in 1999 and faced trial in Florida. In 2000 Allen Blackthorne (44), the ex-husband of Bellush, was charged with arranging the killing of Bellush. Blackthorne was convicted of arranging the murder and faced a mandatory life sentence.
    (SFC,11/18/97, p.A9)(SFC, 7/13/99, p.A3)(SFC, 1/6/00, p.A2)(SFC, 7/7/00, p.A9)
1997        Nov 7, It was reported that there are 12 blacks among the 594 federal lawmakers of Brazil. The country is 44% black by government count, and 70% black by a UNESCO count.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.D2)
1997        Nov 7, In France most truckers ended their strike after the largest signed an agreement for a 6% raise by year 2000 and a guaranteed $1700 for 200 hours of work per month.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A10)
1997        Nov 7, In Iraq Saddam Hussein rejected the efforts of UN envoys to resolve the dispute over weapons inspections.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 7, Shoichiro Toyoda (72), chairman of Toyota, planned to address the captains of Japanese industry and urge the severing of ties with the extortionists known as "sokaiya."
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A18)
1997        Nov 7, In Kenya Pres. Daniel arap Moi signed a package of political and constitutional reforms that make Kenya a multiparty democracy and provide residents greater freedom of speech.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 8, Pres. Clinton promised a crusade for equal rights for gay and lesbian Americans.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 8, Sabrina Lance and Dwight Wood Jr. were slain in Wood's home in Jackson County, Georgia. In 2020 ex-husband Donnie Cleveland Lance (66) was executed for the murder. Lance maintained that he did not kill the pair.
    (SFC, 1/30/20, p.A6)
1997        Nov 8, Evander Holyfield won the IBF heavyweight title in a fierce fight against Michael Moorer in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/8/98)
1997        Nov 8, In Algeria armed men raided a government-held village and slaughtered 27 people in Lahmalit.
    (SFC,11/11/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 8, Chinese engineers diverted the Yangtze River to make way for the Three Gorges Dam, the most ambitious construction project in modern China's history.
    (AP, 11/8/98)
1997        Nov 8, The transfer of Kazakhstans capital to Akmola from Almaty was officially celebrated. The shift was in part made to move the capital away from the Chinese border.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.47)
1997        Nov 8, From Pakistan it was reported that thieves had stolen over 2,250 tons of the World Food Programs emergency wheat supply in Hairatan, Afghanistan, since an alliance opposed to the ruling Taliban gained control of the town.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 8, It was reported that Swiss authorities had evidence that 7 Israeli secret service agents were involved in a plot to kidnap Athena Roussel, the 12-year-old daughter of Christina Onassis and heir to a $2.4 billion trust fund.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A10)

1997        Nov 9, Poet Anthony Hecht, 74, received the $100,000 1997 Tanning Prize given by the Academy of American Poets. His works include: "Flight Among the Tombs," The Transparent Man," "The Venetian Vespers," and "Millions of Strange Shadows."
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.E3)
1997        Nov 9, A Boeing 707 jetliner carrying First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton was forced to return to Andrews Air Force Base outside Washington after a sensor indicated an engine fire, which turned out to be a false alarm. Mrs. Clinton left the following day for a tour of Central Asia.
    (AP, 11/9/98)
1997        Nov 9, In Alaska a family of 7 and the pilot of a commuter plane died in a crash in Barrow.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A4)
1997         Nov 9, In Lansdowne, Pa., some 200 people picketed in front of the home of Jonas Stelmokas (81) to protest delays to his deportation. He was accused of being a former member of the Lithuanian police force that helped Nazis kill Jews during WW II.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A4)
1997        Nov 9, In Algeria attackers disguised as policemen slit the throats of 28 civilians in 2 separate attacks in the northwest.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 9, Carl Hempel (b.1905), German-born philosopher, died in New Jersey. His work included The Function of General Laws in History (1942). He is also remembered for formulating the raven paradox, also called Hempels paradox.
1997        Nov 9, In Thailand former Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai formed a new government with a coalition of 8 parties.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 10, Congress chose not to support the fast track free trade proposal of Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC,11/11/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 10, Judge Hiller Zobel in Cambridge, Mass., reduced Louise Woodward's murder conviction to manslaughter and sentenced the English au pair to the 279 days she'd already served in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen.
    (SFC,11/11/97, p.A1) (AP, 11/10/98)
1997        Nov 10, A jury in Fairfax, Va., convicted Mir Aimal Kasi of one count of capital murder, one count of first-degree murder and eight additional charges stemming from a shooting attack outside CIA headquarters in January 1993.
    (AP, 11/10/98)
1997        Nov 10, The U-2 surveillance flights over Iraq were resumed by the UN. The plane flew out of range of Iraqi gunners.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 10, It was reported that the 1997 Pentagon budget was around $250 billion.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 10, WorldCom Inc. and MCI Communications Corp. agreed to a $37 billion merger.
    (AP, 11/10/98)
1997        Nov 10, It was reported that IBM has a new 16.8-gigabyte disk drive for $895. It surpassed the recently unveiled 12-gigabyte drive by Quantum.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.B6)
1997        Nov 10, It was reported that US heart researchers had used genetic treatments to help patients grow blood vessels around blockages in their legs.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 10, A report on the Black Sea told of the disappearance of 20 0f 26 commercial fish species since 1970. Industry, agriculture and fishing practices caused a collapse of the Black Sea ecosystem in the late 1980s. The Monk seal was reported near extinction, dolphins and porpoises were reported down to 250,000 from 1 million in the 1970s, and blue mussels were in serious decline due to pollution.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A12)(SFEC,12/797, p.A22)
1997        Nov 10, In Canada classes resumed in Ontario following settlement of the teachers strike.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 10, In China Pres. Yeltsin began talks with Chinas Pres. Jiang Zemin. They settled a border dispute and authorized agreements on trade and protection of Manchurian tigers.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/11/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 10, In Kenya Pres. Moi dissolved parliament in preparation for general elections. The National Convention Assembly denounced the move as illegal.
    (SFC,11/11/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 10, In Somalia a month of rains blamed on El Nino caused flooding in the Juba River Valley and left some 800,000 people homeless and at least 23 dead. The death toll increased to 564.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/14/97, p.D3)

1997        Nov 11, Retired Gen. Colin Powell announced he would not seek the Republican presidential nomination or any other office in 2000, saying he lacked "the passion" for political life.
    (AP, 11/11/98)
1997        Nov 11, Photography giant Eastman Kodak announced it was cutting 10,000 jobs because of fierce competition from Japan's Fuji Photo Film Co.
    (AP, 11/11/98)
1997        Nov 11, The EU high court upheld hiring and promotional preferences for women.
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 11, In the Dominican Republic troops clashed with marchers at the start of a general strike and one demonstrator was left dead. The strike was called to protest low wages, power outages, closed schools and closed businesses.
    (WSJ, 11/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 11, In Pakistan 4 American oil company employees and their driver were shot dead in Karachi. It was believed to be a retaliation for the conviction of Amil Kasi for the 1993 murder of 2 CIA employees. 2 gunmen were sentenced to death for the murders in 1999. [see Nov 12]
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.C14)(WSJ, 8/23/99, p.A1)

1997        Nov 12, Jury selection began in Sacramento, Calif., in the trial of accused Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (WSJ, 11/12/97, p.A20) (AP, 11/12/98)
1997        Nov 12, In Denver policeman Bruce VanderJagt was killed in a shootout with a member of the Denver Skins. The suspect then killed himself with the officers gun.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 12, Ramzi Yousef was convicted in New York of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
    (AP, 11/12/98)
1997        Nov 12, In Ohio Rayshawn Johnson (19) fatally beat Shanon Marks (29) with a baseball bat for $50. In 2015 Johnsons death sentence was overturned. Johnson had suffered from mental illness, addiction and limited intellectual ability.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hyk8dkm)(SFC, 12/2/15, p.A8)
1997        Nov 12, From Brazil it was reported that the government has launched an austerity package that will raise prices and taxes and lead to the dismissal of some 33,000 government workers.
    (WSJ, 11/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 12, In Colombia it was reported that the high court had recently ruled that the Convivir associations, right wing vigilante groups promoting security, were legal. There were an estimated 5,500 employees and 300,000 volunteers nationwide.
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.A9)
1997        Nov 12, Four U.S. businessmen and a Pakistani were killed by gunmen in Karachi, Pakistan, apparently in retaliation for the murder conviction of Mir Aimal Kasi in the shooting deaths of two CIA employees.
    (AP, 11/12/98)
1997        Nov 12, In Russia lawmakers in the Saratov region passed the first land-sale law.
    (WSJ, 11/13/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 12, The UN resolution 1137 imposed mild new sanctions on Iraq. A travel ban on Iraqi officials who interfere with weapons inspections was set by a unanimous Security Council vote.
    (WSJ, 11/13/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

1997        Nov 13, "Lion King," opened at New Amsterdam Theater, NYC. It was based on the Disney film.
    (www.applause-tickets.com/newyork/thelionking.asp)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A23)
1997        Nov 13, Hillary Clinton visited in Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
    (SFC,11/14/97, p.D2)
1997        Nov 13, US Congress voted against a plan to authorize payments to the UN that was linked to an abortion policy.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 13, In Texas Coy Wesbrook (1958-2016) went on a shooting rampage killing 5 people, including his ex-wife. Wesbrook was executed in 2016.
1997        Nov 13, In Brazil a judge ordered 153 police officers and 9 senior officials  to stand trial for the killing of 19 landless peasants in 1966.
    (SFC,11/14/97, p.D3)
1997        Nov 13, In Costa Rica Max Dalton (78), an American-born rancher, was killed in a confrontation with squatters on his 10-acre ranch in Golfito. Squatters in the region have "confiscated" the holdings of more than 2 dozen Americans in the region.
    (WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A19)
1997        Nov 13, In Germany parliament amended the 1950 Federal Benefits Law to exclude veterans of disability rights if they violated "principles of humanity of the law" during the Third Reich.
    (SFC,11/14/97, p.D3)
1997        Nov 13, Iraq expelled 6 Americans on a UN weapons inspection team. The United Nations decided to withdraw all weapons inspectors from Iraq after Saddam Hussein ordered Americans on the U.N. team out.
    (SFC,11/14/97, p.A1)(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)(AP, 11/13/98)

1997        Nov 14, Pres. Clinton signed a bill containing $250 million to buy 7,500 acres in the headwaters forest of northern California. The agreement with Charles Hurwitz was revised in 1998 and protection was tentatively established for 12 of 13 stands of redwoods and Pacific Lumber was to be allowed to log one grove.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A3)(SFC, 2/28/98, p.A1)
1997        Nov 14, A US federal court ruled that spent reactor fuel must be accepted by the Energy Dept. beginning no later than Jan 31, even though no disposal site yet exists. Financial penalties could result.
    (WSJ, 11/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 14, A jury in Fairfax, Va., decided that Pakistani national Mir Aimal Kasi should get the death penalty for gunning down two CIA employees outside agency headquarters. Kasi was sentenced to death in January 1998. He was executed Nov 14, 2002.
    (AP, 11/14/98)
1997        Nov 14, Sara Lister, assistant secretary of the Army for manpower and reserve affairs, resigned in the wake of political pressure after she called Marines "extremists" and mocked their uniforms as "checkerboard fancy."
    (AP, 11/14/07)
1997        Nov 14, In Cameroon Pres. Paul Biya launched a campaign to fight millions of locusts in the northern part of the country where crops were already decimated by drought, animal and birds.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A20)
1997        Nov 14, The Hong Kong stock market was down 30% over the last month.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A24)
1997        Nov 14, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin fired deputy chief of staff Alexander Kazakov due to a $90,000 advance payment for a book on the history of state owned property sales. Kazakov presided over relations between the Kremlin and local governments. He was expected to keep his position as chairman of the board of Gazprom. The following day he fired 2 more ministers, privatization chief Maxim Boiko and Federal Bankruptcy Commission chief Pyotr Mostovoi.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A12)(SFEC,11/16/97, p.A22)
1997        Nov 14, In Zimbabwe the dollar, stock market and economy all crashed over concerns about payoffs to former guerrillas and the consequences of seizing 1,480 mostly white-owned farms. Zimbabwes currency plunged a record 72%, an episode later regarded as the precursor of its subsequent economic meltdown.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A12)(AFP, 11/10/07)

1997        Nov 15, A day after moving to halt the import of modified assault weapons, President Clinton defended the action in his weekly radio address, saying such weapons did nothing but "inspire fear and wreck deadly havoc on our streets."
    (AP, 11/15/98)
1997        Nov 15, Washington University in Missouri announced that the Danforth Foundation, headed by former Sen. John Danforth, had pledged a gift of $100 million to be delivered over 5 years.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A11)
1997        Nov 15, Parliamentary elections were scheduled under supervision by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 15, In Burma the 21-member SLORC was dissolved and a new State Peace and Development Council headed by 4 top generals and commanders of various regions was established.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A27)
1997        Nov 15, This was the original scheduled date for the damming of the Yangtze River in China. About 1.2 million people were to be moved due to the rising waters. The flooded area provides 40% of Chinas grain and 70% of its rice crops.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, p.A14)
1997        Nov 15, In Ethiopia it was reported that storms over the past three weeks have killed at least 1000 people here and in Somalia and left some 100,000 families displaced and in competition with crocodiles and hippos for dry land. The overflowing Juba and the Shabelle Rivers originate in Ethiopia. The Juba had become 8 miles wide at some points.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A3)(SFEC,11/16/97, p.A27)
1997        Nov 15, In Israel 8-year-old Ali Jawarish died 4 days after he was shot in the head by an Israeli soldier in Bethlehem during a stone-throwing demonstration at the Jewish shrine of Rachels Tomb.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 15, In Morocco elections results split the new legislature into 3 near identical blocks after a voter turnout of only 58.3 %. King Hassan II was expected to pick a prime minister in consultation with the parties in Jan.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A21)

1997        Nov 16, Some 600 protestors at Fort Benning, Ga., called for the closing of the Armys School of the Americas, which trains Latin American soldiers.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 16, The LA Times reported that the Utility Dept. of LA was $7.5 billion in debt. $4.8 billion of the debt was off the books.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A26)
1997        Nov 16, China's most prominent pro-democracy campaigner, Wei Jingsheng, arrived in the United States after being released from a prison where he'd spent nearly 18 years.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A2) (AP, 11/15/98)
1997        Nov 16, In El Salvador it was reported that 22 murders a day occur. Vehicles in the capital have increased fivefold in 5 years and the garbage dump in San Salvador is full. The opposition FNLN now controls 45% of the country.
    (SFEM,11/16/97, p.20)
1997        Nov 16, In Iraq Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz said Baghdad would allow US arms inspectors if Security Council permanent members had equal representation on the UN teams. The proposal was rejected.
    (WSJ, 11/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 16, In Italy in weekend municipal elections center-left parties won a landslide victory bolstering support for Prime Minister Prodis government.
    (WSJ, 11/18/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 16, In Mexico it was reported that the maquiladora plants along the US border have for years regularly demanded female employees to provide periodic evidence of non-pregnancy in order to avoid mandated 3-month maternity leave.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, p.A26)

1997        Nov 17, In California Tyler, the 18 month-old son of Gina Barnett (25) and James Nivette (54) was found abandoned in San Bruno. The next day Ginas body was found in Folsom. James Nivette was the prime suspect and was thought to have fled the country. He was arrested in France on Nov 20.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/21/97, p.1)
1997        Nov 17, From LaPlace, La. it was reported that Daniel Bank, a mechanic, was arrested and charged on 3 counts of murder. He was said to have confessed to 6 murders committed to feed a gambling habit from Oct 1966 to Jun 1997.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A7)
1997        Nov 17, In Egypt 6 gunmen killed 62 people, including 58 foreign tourists, at the Hatshepsut Temple in Luxor. The assailants, members of the Gamaa al-Islamiya, were all killed. The attack was meant to force the US to release Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman who was serving a life term for a plot to bomb NYC landmarks. The assailants, members of the Gamaa al-Islamiya, were all killed. It was later reported that Mustafa Hamza ordered the attack and that he was financed by Osama bin Laden. Mohamed Ali Hassan Mokhlis, a suspected planner of the attack, was arrested in Uruguay in 1999 and handed over to Egypt in 2003.
    (SFC,11/18/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/22/97, p.C1)(SFC, 5/14/99, p.A15)(AP, 11/17/07)
1997        Nov 17, In Japan authorities announced that the Hokkaido Takushoku Bank Ltd., the countrys 11th largest bank, would be dissolved due to bad loans and that its operations would be transferred to a regional bank. The news sent the Tokyo stock exchange soaring.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A17)
1997        Nov 17, In Rwanda at least 27 civilians were killed by suspected rebels in Mukamara. Nearly 300 people were killed when Hutu rebels attacked a prison in the northwest at Giciye. 200 rebels, 88 prisoners and 2 soldiers died in the clash.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.D3)

1997        Nov 18, Charles Frazier won the National Book Award for his novel "Cold Mountain." The best-seller was about a Confederate soldier trying to return to his North Carolina home.
    (USAT, 11/19/97, p.22A)(SFC, 4/9/02, p.D2)
1997        Nov 18, The FBI officially pulled out of the probe into the TWA Flight 800 disaster, saying the explosion that destroyed the Boeing 747, killing all 230 people aboard, was not caused by a criminal act.
    (AP, 11/18/98)
1997        Nov 18, In the US First Union Corp. announced the purchase of CoreStates Financial Corp. for $16.1 billion.
    (AP, 11/18/07)
1997        Nov 18, The Willem de Kooning painting, "Two Standing Women," sold for $4,182,500.
1997        Nov 18, In India a school bus plunged into the Yamuna River in New Delhi and at least 30 children were killed and another 20 missing. The driver was reported to be racing another bus.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 18, Holocaust survivors from Latvia received the first checks from a $200 million fund set up by Swiss banks. Individual survivors were to each receive $1000.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C4)
1997        Nov 18, In Russia Tariq Aziz and Pres. Yeltsin worked on a peaceful resolution to the UN weapons inspection crises and announced a plan.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A19)
1997        Nov 18, In Taiwan Chen Chin-hsing held a South African embassy official and his family hostage and demanded the release of his wife and brother-in-law.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C3)
1997        Nov 18, In Tajikistan Karine Mane of France, a UN worker for the High Commissioner for refugees, was kidnapped along with Franck Janier-Dubry in Dushanbe.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)

1997        Nov 19, In Iowa seamstress Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to 4 boys and three girls, septuplets, the 2nd such birth in the US. She had used the fertility drug Pergonal.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/19/98)
1997        Nov 19, In Denver Oumar Dia, a black man, was gunned down at a bus stop, and a nurse, Jeannie Vanvelkinburgh, who tried to help him, was shot in the back and left paralyzed. One of 2 suspects was arrested and described himself as a skinhead and said that he shot Dia because he was black. In 1999 jurors deadlocked in the trial of Nathan Thill over 1st vs. 2nd degree murder charges for the shooting of Dia. Thill pleaded guilty in Dec and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A3)(SFC, 12/3/99, p.A5)(SFC, 12/21/99, p.A14)
1997        Nov 19, The space shuttle Columbia zoomed into orbit on a two-week science mission.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.A8)(AP, 11/19/98)
1997        Nov 19, In Texas Michael Eugene Sharp became the 35th condemned killer to be put to death this year. He used the Internet to distribute his last words. He had abducted a woman and her 2 young daughters, sexually abused them, and fatally stabbed the mother and youngest daughter.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 19, 45,000 Canadian postal workers went on strike after Canada Post ordered staffing levels cut.
    (WSJ, 11/20/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 19, In India a car bomb exploded in Hyderabad at a gala kickoff for a new movie and 23 people were killed. Police suspected rivals of producer Paritala Ravi, who is also a lawmaker in Andhra Pradesh state.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.B7)
1997        Nov 19, In Israel a Jewish seminary student was killed and another wounded near the Damascus Gate in the Muslim quarter of Jerusalems walled Old City.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.B7)
1997        Nov 19, In Mexico members of the elite Zorro police unit protested the arrest of their comrades for the Sep 8 killing of 6 youths. They ended their standoff after 14 hours and allowed the questioning of 14 officers.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.B2)(SFC,11/21/97, p.D6)
1997        Nov 19, Edmundo Tasinnari, head of the Mexico City anti-kidnapping unit, and Humberto Salgado, his deputy, were kidnapped with their driver. The driver was later found beaten and wandering in a daze.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C5)
1997        Nov 19, In Taiwan Chen Chin-hsing surrendered to police after releasing his hostages in Taipei.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.B7)

1997        Nov 20, It was reported that Lucent Tech.s Bell Labs has developed a new tiny transistor that is 5 times faster and 1/4th the size of commercially available transistors.
    (WSJ, 11/20/97, p.B4)
1997        Nov 20, From Ethiopia it was reported that flooding has killed 297 people and uprooted 65,000 and that heavy rains continued to fall.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.B2)
1997        Nov 20, In India S.V. Ramanna Reddy, a former legislator of Andhra Pradesh, surrendered to police in relation to the previous days bomb blast.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.D6)
1997        Nov 20, Iraq agreed to allow US arms inspectors back into the country after Russia agreed to help work to lift UN Security Council sanctions. Prodded by Russia, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein agreed to allow U.S. arms monitors back into his country, ending a three-week crisis that had raised fears of a military confrontation with the United States.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/98)
1997        Nov 20, In Nigeria the government of Genl. Sani Abacha gave 5 political parties $637,000 each to campaign in elections to restore civilian rule. Opposition groups called politicians of the 5 parties government stooges. 18 parties had applied for recognition but only 5 were deemed suitable.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.D6)(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A6)

1997        Nov 21, "The Food and Drug Administration Act of 1997" was signed into law by President Clinton. The new law was designed to enhance the product development and review process; streamline the way the Agency regulates medical devices; simplify enforcement procedures; and move the Agency toward greater use of national and international standards. The law gave the FDA new powers to speed the approval of drugs to combat a host of killer diseases, including cancer and AIDS.
    (PR, NPTH, 6/4/98)(AP, 11/21/98)
1997        Nov 21, It was reported that physicists led by Norman Rostoker (73) had designed a compact, boron-fueled fusion reactor that used high-speed particles to generate electricity.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.A26)
1997        Nov 21, In West Virginia a house fire in Weston left 5 children dead. It was later discovered that the fire had been intentionally set for an insurance claim. In 1998 parents Janette Ables and Barbara and Ricky Brown were indicted on 15 counts.
    (SFC,12/12/97, p.B10)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A3)
1997        Nov 21, Wayne Corbitt (b.1952), black and gay playwright, died of AIDS. His plays and performance pieces, many performed at Lorraine Hansberry Theatre and Theatre Rhinoceros, included "Blackbirds Boogie in the Morning Light," "Fish with Frog Eyes" and "The Gospel According to Wayne."
1997        Nov 21, Harold "Hal" Sydney Geneen (b.1910), American businessman, died in NYC. He is most famous for serving as president of the ITT Corporation. From 19591977 he was the president and CEO of International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. (ITT). He grew the company from a medium-sized business with $765 million sales in 1961 into an international conglomerate with $17 billion sales in 1970. He extended its interests from manufacturing of telegraph equipment into insurance, hotels, real estate management, and other areas. Under Geneen's management, ITT became the archetypal modern multinational conglomerate. ITT grew primarily through a series of approximately 350 acquisitions and mergers in 80 countries. Some of the largest of these were Hartford Fire Insurance Company (1970) and Sheraton Hotels. His books included "The Synergy Myth," in which he attacked modern business fads.
     (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Geneen)(SFEC,11/23/97, p.D5)
1997        Nov 21, From Brazil it was reported that new legislation would limit public employees to a total compensation of $12,000 per month. Also proposed was the elimination of job protection that could cost 280,000 civil servants their jobs.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.A16)
1997        Nov 21, In Bogota, Colombia, suspected right-wing paramilitaries killed at least 14 people. Later near Urrao a suspected death squad killed 7 people including a Communist boss.
    (WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 21, U.N. arms inspectors returned to Iraq after Saddam Hussein's three-week standoff with the United Nations over the presence of Americans on the team.
    (AP, 11/21/98)
1997        Nov 21, In Somalia five UN and European aid workers were kidnapped by fighters of the Wasangeli subclan in apparent retaliation for the seizure of a Palestinian businessman by a rival subclan, the Marjeteen, earlier in the day.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 21, From South Korea it was reported that 6 people were arrested for spying for North Korea. Separately the government decided to seek $60 billion from the IMF to bail out of its economic crises.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.D2,6)

1997        Nov 22, A 75 man team of U.N. weapons experts including 4 Americans returned to work in Iraq, searching eight sites for signs the Iraqis might have worked on biological, chemical or other banned arms during a three-week forced halt in inspections.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.C1) (AP, 11/22/98)
1997        Nov 22, The Miss World pageant in the Seychelles Islands was won by Diana Hayden (24), Miss India.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, p.A2)
1997        Nov 22, Michael Hutchence (b.1960), lead singer for the Australian rock band INXS, committed suicide at a Sydney hotel.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Hutchence)
1997        Nov 22, From Ecuador it was reported that flooding and mudslides have killed 27 people over the last 3 weeks.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 22, In Mexico Genl. Mauro Enrique Tello was fired and arrested for his suspected role in the Sep 8 killing of 6 youths. It was reported that the attack was ordered by Col. Jesus Alonso after thieves robbed him at gunpoint of a Rolex watch and some money weeks earlier.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, p.A25)
1997        Nov 22, In Somalia the Marjeteen attacked the Wasangeli and 2 fighters on each side were killed.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A11)
1997        Nov 22, From Venezuela it was reported that 18,000 people were infected in an epidemic of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and that 34 had died this year. Heavy rains allowed Aedes aegypti, the mosquito which carries anyone of 4 dengue viruses, to breed in water containers left out in the open. In 2006 over 500,000 cases of dengue were reported in Latin America including 14,000 cases of DHF.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.A9)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.42)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.46)

1997        Nov 22-23, In Bosnia the Serb Democratic Party of Radovan Karadzic won 24 seats vs. 15 seats for the allied Radical party of Biljana Plavsic. The elections were organized by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
    (SFC,12/897, p.A18)

1997        Nov 23, Iowa septuplet mom Bobbi McCaughey left the hospital and returned home while her seven babies stayed behind in intensive care.
    (AP, 11/23/98)
1997        Nov 23, Jorge Mas Canosa, Cuban exile leader and head of MasTec, died in Miami. He helped create Radio Marti and TV Marti and served as chairman of the US Information Agency stations that beamed uncensored news to Cuba.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A21)
1997        Nov 23, Artillery shells fired by Lebanese guerrillas accidentally struck a village near the Israeli border, killing 9 Lebanese. Israel blamed Hezbollah for shelling the Shiite village of Beit Lif in an artillery duel.
    (WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/25/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/23/07)
1997        Nov 23, In Israel Avigdor Lieberman resigned as director of the prime ministers office.
    (SFC,11/25/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 23, Somali villagers isolated for weeks by flooding finally received aid from boats traveling down the Juba river.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1997        Nov 24, Pres. Clinton and APEC Asian leaders in Vancouver discussed ways of calming the Asian economic crisis and agreed on the rough details of a $68 billion bailout with loans from the IMF.
    (SFC,11/25/97, p.A1) (AP, 11/24/98)
1997        Nov 24, Space-walking astronauts from the shuttle Columbia grabbed a spinning satellite with their hands, enabling the cockpit crew to use the shuttle's robot arm to return it to the cargo bay.
    (AP, 11/24/07)
1997        Nov 24, In the SF Bay Area Thomas Franklin Wheelock (20) murdered his Armored Transport partner, Rodrigo Cortez (30), and escaped with $300,000. Most of the money was found in a Sacramento motel. Wheelock was pronounced guilty in 2001 and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/5/01, p.A16)(SFC, 9/21/01, p.D6)
1997        Nov 24, French Singer Monique Serf, stage-name Barbara, died at 67. She was famous for her songs "Aigle Noir," "Nantes," "La Solitude," and "Une Petite Cantate."
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C4)
1997        Nov 24, It was reported that Iraq continued to withhold access to 63 weapons sites that included 47 presidential compounds.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 24, Israeli warplanes and soldiers attacked supposed guerilla infiltration trails in southern Lebanon. Three Hezbollah were reported killed.
    (SFC,11/25/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 24, In Japan the Yamaichi Securities firm, the nation's 4th largest, announced a shutdown due to debts totaling $24 billion. It was the third, after Sanyo Securities and Hokkaido Takushoku Bank, Japanese financial company to collapse in a month.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/24/98)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.66)
1997        Nov 24, In Somalia all hostages were released by the rival Marjeteen and Wasangeli militiamen.
    (SFC,11/24/97, p.A11)

1997        Nov 25, President Clinton and Pacific Rim leaders meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, approved a rescue strategy for Asian economies shaken by plunging currencies, bank failures and bankruptcies. The 2-day APEC summit in Vancouver closed and leaders agreed to an IMF bailout plan. Forum leaders also agreed to admit Russia, Vietnam and Peru into the organization as of 1998.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C2)(HN, 11/25/98)
1997        Nov 25, The FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) ordered the dismantling of the 160-year-old Edwards Dam on the Kennebec River in Maine. The commission refused to reissue a license to Edwards Manufacturing Co. and ordered Edwards to pay the estimated $6.4 million cost of removing its dam.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A7)
1997        Nov 25, Federal indictments were brought against 19 people, who included mobsters from the Genovese and Bonanno families, corporate executives of HealthTech and stockbrokers of the Wall Street firm Meyers Pollock Robbins Inc. for racketeering, extortion and securities fraud.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.B1)
1997        Nov 25, Teamsters President Ron Carey announced he was taking an unpaid leave of absence to fight an election overseer's decision barring him from a rerun. Hours later a federal oversight board accused him of diverting union money to his 1996 re-election campaign.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A3) (HN, 11/25/98)
1997        Nov 25, In Washington DC Police Chief Larry D. Soulsby resigned just hours before a police lieutenant roommate was charged with extorting money from married men who frequented gay bars. The chief and his lieutenant shared a cut-rate luxury apartment obtained under false premises.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 25, In the Congo it was reported that police flogged 10 journalists for attending a news conference by politician ZAhidi Arthur Ngoma. Ngoma and five supporters were arrested after the conference.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B5)
1997        Nov 25, It was reported that Iraqs agency for electronic eavesdropping, known as Project 858, spied on UN weapons inspectors.
    (SFC,11/25/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 25, Dr. Kamuzu Banda (99), dictator of Malawi from 1964-1994, died in South Africa (www.dispatch.co.za/1997/11/27/page%2019.htm). His official birthday was given as May 14, 1906.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)
1997        Nov 25, In Mexico two high-ranking army officers were charged with murder in the Sep 8 killings. It was the first time in modern Mexican history that a civilian court had brought charges against an army officer.
    (WSJ, 11/26/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 25, In Russia Richard Bliss (29), an employee of Qualcomm Comm., was arrested for spying while performing land surveys using satellite receivers in Rostov-on-Don. Qualcomm was under contract to install a cellular phone system. Bliss was later released for a Christmas holiday with some assurance that he would return for trial.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A8)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 25, The South Korean stock market hit a low of 439.59, its lowest point since Jul, 1987.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C2)

1997        Nov 26, In the Aleutian Islands 800 miles southwest of Anchorage, Alaska, the freighter, Kuroshima, ran aground off Dutch Harbor in heavy winds. Two crewmen were reported dead and 10,000 gallons of oil was reported to have leaked. As much as 240,000 gallons was reported on board. Emergency workers removed 57,000 gallons on Dec 5 and 30,000 gallons still remained.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B9)(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A3)(SFC,12/897, p.A12)
1997        Nov 26, In Indonesia a recent visitor reported that some 40,000 Indonesian troops were stationed in East Timor among a population of 800,000.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C2)
1997        Nov 26, In Iraq Sadam Hussein invited foreign diplomats but not weapons inspectors to examine his presidential palaces. Under heavy international pressure Saddam Hussein said he would allow visits to presidential palaces where U.N. weapons experts suspected he might be hiding chemical and biological weapons.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.A1)(SFC,11/28/97, p.A16)(AP, 11/26/98)
1997        Nov 26, In a small but symbolic step, the United States and North Korea held high-level discussions at the State Department for the first time.
    (AP, 11/26/98)
1997        Nov 26, In Japan Nomura Securities admitted funneling $2.9 million in profits to Ryuichi Koike, a suspected racketeer.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B5)
1997        Nov 26, It was reported that  gas reserve of 4 trillion cubic feet around Kutubu, in Papua New Guinea, was planned to be delivered to Australia across a 1,500 mile pipeline by Chevron Corp. by mid-2001.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.B1)
1997        Nov 26, Pres. Yeltsin signed a decree to allow Russians to freely buy and sell municipal land under residential and industrial buildings.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B5)
1997        Nov 26, In Sri Lanka Amnesty Intl. reported that the military killed 600 people arrested in the war zone that were reported missing over the last 18 months.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B5)

1997        Nov 27, Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York was marred when a wind gust knocked part of a lamppost onto a 34-year-old woman, fracturing her skull and leaving her in a coma for almost a month.
    (AP, 11/27/98)
1997        Nov 27, In Denver five skinheads beat up a 26-year-old black woman who was shopping at a 7-Eleven. All 5 were captured and arraigned in court.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 27, Thomas Wheelock, wanted for murder and robbery in the Bay Area, was arrested in Utah. $30,000 was found in his car along with 2 handguns.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 11/29/97, p.A10)
1997        Nov 27, Gold closed below $300 for the first time since 1985 to $296.
    (WSJ, 11/28/97, p.C1)
1997        Nov 27, In Colombia as many as 14 peasants were killed in Dabeiba in Antioquia Province. A 50-member paramilitary group raided the hamlets of Balsita, Buenavista and Toconal and riddled the victims with bullets and set fire to their homes.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 27, Japan launched the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite (TRMM) in a joint venture with NASA. Funding ended in 2004 a controlled de-orbit was planned.
    (SFC, 7/19/04, p.A4)
1997        Nov 27, A day after saying it would open its presidential palaces to international observers, Iraq declared that U.N. weapons monitors were not included in the invitation.
    (AP, 11/27/98)

1997        Nov 28, The final original regular installment of MTV's "Beavis & Butt-head," entitled "Beavis and Butt-head Are Dead," aired on MTV.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1997        Nov 28, In Britain the House of Commons approved a bill, 411-151, to ban wild animals from being pursued, injured or killed by the use of dogs (i.e. foxhunting). It was not supported by the labor government.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 28, In the Congo rival factions of the army clashed and up to 20 people were killed in Kinshasa at the offices of Pres. Kabila.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 28, In Germany students spent a week protesting the deteriorating quality of their education and the specter of having to pay for their education.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B5)
1997        Nov 28, Indias 4th government in 2 years collapsed. Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral resigned and his United Front government fell after the Congress party withdrew its support. India's powerful Congress Party withdrew its support from India's ruling coalition, forcing Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral to resign.
    (WSJ, 11/29/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/28/98)
1997        Nov 28, In Mexico the new National Workers Union (UNT) was inaugurated in Mexico City. It will compete with the 4-million member Congress of Mexican Labor (CTM), considered a pliant ally of the PRI.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 28, In Serbia the KLA emerged in Kosovo with expensive Swiss manufactured uniforms and purloined Albanian Kalashnikovs.
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.A13)

1997        Nov 29, In Washington DC some 28,000 couples, according to the church, gathered at Robert F. Kennedy stadium for "Blessing 97," a marital re-dedication in the Unification Church of Rev. Sun Myung Moon and his wife Hak Ja Han Moon.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 29, It was reported that a 65-foot, 70-ton finback whale died on Spains northern coast from ingesting 30 plastic bags, a rubber glove and several hard plastic objects that formed into a ball and blocked its digestive tract.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A20)
1997        Nov 29, Coleman Young (b. May 24, 1918 in Tuscaloosa, Ala.- d. Nov 29, 1997), former mayor of Detroit (1973-1993), died. The city's first black mayor held office for an unprecedented five terms.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.C10)(AP, 11/29/98)
1997        Nov 29, It was reported that an earthquake rocked Bangladesh and eastern India and that 21 people were killed in Chittagong.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 29, From Chile it was reported that giant rats, fattened from feeding on droppings of hormone-fattened poultry, were attacking barnyard animals in the Maipu suburb of Santiago.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A20)
1997        Nov 29, In Colombia at least 15 people were killed during the night. 7 peasants were found dead outside the town of Pitalito and another 8, including 2 children, in 2 attacks in Medellin.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A22)
1997        Nov 29, In Israel dozens were injured after a Palestinian march in Bethlehem erupted into a clash with Israeli troops.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A22)
1997        Nov 29, In Mexico some 25,000 demonstrators marched in Mexico City to protest crime, violence and police corruption.
    (WSJ, 12/1/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 29, Taiwans Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won 12 of 23 mayoral and county seats and for the first time received more votes than the Nationalist Party.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 30, It was reported that the US State Dept. was reminding local and state police that foreign citizens arrested in the US have a right to contact their governments under the Vienna Convention of Consular Relations ratified by the US and over 160 other countries.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 30, Composer and guitarist Michael Hedges (43) died in an auto accident in Mendocino County, Ca. His albums included "Breakfast in the Field" (1983), "Aerial Boundaries" (1984), "Taproot" (1990), and "The Road to Return" (1994). His recordings helped establish the Wyndham Hill record label co-founded by guitarist Will Ackerman.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.B8)
1997        Nov 30, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus handed in his governments resignation in the wake of revelations that his party maintained a slush fund in Switzerland and had received campaign donations from a businessman buying a state-owned steel mill.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A10)(AP, 11/30/98)
1997        Nov 30, In the Congo the government accused foreign broadcaster of tarnishing its image and shut down all local FM transmissions of international radio stations.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 30, In Haiti the UN mandate for peace-keeping forces ended and 1,170 soldiers prepared to leave.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A20)
1997        Nov 30, In Honduras Carlos Flores Facusse (47), a newspaper owner, appeared to have won the presidential elections. He defeated Nora Gunera de Melgar of the National Party, the widow of a former military president.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 30, In India two bomb blasts in a crowded New Delhi market left 3 dead and 62 injured.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 30, In Tajikistan Karine Mane of France and 5 of her suspected abductors were killed by a grenade during a confrontation with government forces trying to free her. A companion had been released hours earlier. Faction leader Rezvon Sadirov was accused of the kidnapping, staged to seek freedom for his brother, Bakhrom, who was awaiting trial on kidnapping charges.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(AP, 11/30/98)

1997        Nov, The New Yorker magazine issued its first edition of "the New Yorker Out Loud," in CD format.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.C15)
1997        Nov, Edgar Bronfman, chairman of the Seagram Co., signed an agreement for a $55 million joint venture with the Chongqing Three Gorges Construction Group to develop orange juice production in southwest China.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.A1)
1997        Nov, An Interpol report said that Kosovo Albanians hold the largest share of the heroin market in Europe.
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.A1)
1997        Nov, A senior Algerian officer accused the secret service of being responsible for the Sept. massacre in Beni Messous where over 200 died.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov, A meeting of Balkan nations was planned to improve economic relations. Leaders from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia were scheduled to meet in Iraklion, Greece.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A25)
1997        Nov, In Brazil the government began to force gold miners to leave the Yanomani Indian reservation where the population was much reduced by disease.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A1)
1997        Nov, A new sports magazine, Lance, began publishing. The $43 million project was founded by 2 leading investment banks, Bozano Simonsen and Icatu, and Globo, Brazils largest media organization. Stakes were also held by millionaire Andre Lara Resende, former banker and economic advisor to Pres. Cardoso, and Mr. de Mattos, a professional manager.
    (FT, 3/4/98, p.17)
1997        Nov, In Colombia Carlos Arturo Quiroz, the mayor-elect of San Jacinto, was killed by a paramilitary unit.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A9)
1997        Nov, In Israel a 3-judge Supreme Court panel ruled that Lebanese men could be held as a "bargaining card." The ruling was not disclosed for 4 months.
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.A12)
1997        Nov, In Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Hillary Clinton dedicated a campus building at one of the countrys 43 universities. Pres. Aska Askaev had earlier received a financial commitment of $2 million each from the Soros Foundation and the US.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)
1997        Nov, In Nigeria Onome Osifo-Whiskey, a managing editor of Tell news magazine, was abducted from his Lagos home. Tell under Kola Ilori has managed to maintain publication since 1993 on a weekly basis by printing in secret on presses all over the country.
    (SFC, 4/16/98, p.A13)
1997        Nov, Nieu, a Polynesian Island nation, began to register Internet domain web sites with its country-code letters .nu for $25 after Tongas success.
    (WSJ, 12/8/97, p.B21E)

1997        Nov-Dec, In Ethiopia health workers under intl. financing worked to vaccinate every child under 5 against polio.
    (SFC, 1/2/98, p.A14)

1997        Dec 1, Pres. Clinton signed the 50 States Commemorative Coin Program Act into law.
    (SFC, 12/20/99, p.E1)
1997        Dec 1, In California Latrell Sprewell, guard for the Golden State Warriors, choked and threatened coach P.J. Carlesimo. The Warriors quickly terminated Sprewells multi-million contract and the NBA then banned him from basketball for one year.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 1, Westinghouse formally changed its name to CBS.
1997        Dec 1, In Shelbyville, Tenn., Daryl Keith Holton shot and killed his 3 sons and his ex-wifes daughter (ages 4-13), because he could not get custody. He turned himself in to police.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec 1, Michael Carneal (14), opened fire on a prayer circle and killed 3 classmates and wounded five during a shooting spree at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky. In 1998 he pleaded guilty but mentally ill in a plea agreement and was given a life prison term with no parole for 25 years.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/6/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/98)
1997        Dec 1, Stephane Grappelli, jazz violinist, died in Paris. In the mid-30s the Quintet of the Hot Club of France, with Grappelli and Django Reinhardt, recorded "Tiger Rag," "Dinah," and "Lady Be Good." His albums included "Live at Carnegie Hall, "Jazz Round Midnight," "Plays Jerome Kern," "Tivoli Gardens" (1979), "Satin Doll," Stardust," For Django," and "Plays Gershwin."
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)(SFC, 12/4/97, p.E3)
1997        Dec 1, The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between Russia and the EU came into force. It was signed in June 1994 to encourage political, commercial, economic and cultural cooperation.
1997        Dec 1, In Japan international talks on global warming and reducing greenhouse gases began in Kyoto.
    (WSJ, 12/5/97, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/98)
1997        Dec 1, South Korea reached a preliminary agreement with the IMF for a $55-60 billion bailout.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(SFC, 1/8/98, p.A7)
1997        Dec 1, Spains Supreme Court convicted 23 leaders of the Herri Batsuna (Unified Country) Basque separatist coalition. Each was sentenced to 7 years in prison and fined $3,500. In 1999 the Constitutional Court annulled the sentences and 22 leaders were released.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 7/21/99, p.A12)

1997        Dec 2, Attorney General Janet Reno declined to seek an independent counsel investigation of telephone fund-raising by President Clinton and Vice President Gore, concluding they did not violate election laws, a decision that drew jeers from Republicans.
    (AP, 12/2/98)
1997        Dec 2, The US promised to donate $29 million over the next 3 years to an intl. fund for Holocaust survivors at a conference in London on Nazi gold. Congress would have to approve the contribution. Britain pledged $1.7 million. Some 5.5 tons of gold were still held in New York and London. Over the last 50 years the Tripartite Gold Commission, established by the Allies, had returned over 300 tons of gold to ten countries whose treasuries were sacked.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 12/3/97, p.C3)
1997        Dec 2, The US FDA approved irradiation as a safe way to rid meat of bacteria.
    (WSJ, 12/3/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 2, In Texas Alberto Gonzales (b.1955), the general counsel to Gov. George W. Bush, began serving as the Sec. of State.
    (www.whitehouse.gov/government/gonzales-bio.html)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.38)
1997        Dec 2, It was reported that the US life expectancy at birth has reached 76.1 years and that the 1996 infant death rate was 7.2 per 1,000.
    (WSJ, 12/2/97, p.A20)
1997        Dec 2, It was reported that video poker takes in $2 billion a year in South Carolina.
    (WSJ, 12/2/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 2, In California Vanessa Lei Samson (22) was abducted while walking to work in Pleasanton. Her body was later found off Highway 88 in Alpine Ct. Michelle Michaud and her boyfriend, James A. Daveggio, were later picked up by police. The couple had a van converted into a "murder and abduction chamber." The couple were arrested on a kidnap and rape charge for a separate attack on a Reno college student in Sep. and faced charges for raping 12 and 13-year old girls in Sacramento. Michaud confessed to Samsons murder. The pair were charged in 1998 for the kidnapping and murder of Samson. In 2001 Robert Scott authored "Rope Burns," an account of the case. Daveggio and Michaud went on trial in 2002 and were convicted in June. On Sep 25 they were sentenced to death.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A21)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A18)(SFC, 1/21/02, p.B1)(SFC, 9/26/02, p.A27)
1997        Dec 2, In India lower caste villagers of Lakshmanpur were attacked by some 300 armed men, who stabbed, shot and killed 61 people including 4 children under age 5. The gunmen were thought to be members of the Ranbir Sena paramilitary force, composed of higher caste landlords.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)
1997        Dec 2, It was reported that Libya was constructing some 2,000 miles of tunnels with 13-foot concrete pipes. Libya called it the Great Man-Made River Project and it stretched from Tunisia to Egypt. Analysts feared it would be used for military purposes. The primary contractor was Dong Ah, a South Korean construction conglomerate and much of the equipment used was of US make.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A11)
1997        Dec 2, In Peru Pres. Fujimori ended the yearlong ban on visits by the Red Cross to jailed leftist suspects.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C5)
1997        Dec 2, In Rwanda Hutu rebels attacked a prison and released 103 jailed comrades at the Rwerere prison near the Congo border.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C4)
1997        Dec 2, A mine in the Kuzbass region of southern Siberia exploded from methane gas and killed 67 miners.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C5)
1997        Dec 2, In Spain the National Court found journalists Fernando Alonso and Andoni Murga guilty of weapons possession and membership in the ETA and sentenced them to 39 years each in prison.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C5)
1997        Dec 2, Tajikistan forces killed Rizvon Sadirov, leader of the group that kidnapped Karine Mane, and a number of his associates.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C5)
1997        Dec 2, In Istanbul, Turkey, 33 people were sentenced to death for their roles in a 1993 mob attack that left 37 intellectuals dead.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.C4)

1997        Dec 3, President Clinton hosted his first town hall meeting on America's race relations in Akron, Ohio.
    (AP, 12/3/98)
1997        Dec 3, It was reported that former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards, Edward J. DeBartolo, owner of the SF 49ers, and three others were about to be indicted for alleged fraud. DeBartolo was caught offering to pay the governor as much as $400,000 for a riverboat casino license.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A1)(SFC, 12/4/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 3, Walt Disney Chairman Michael Eisner exercised stock options for a profit of $565 million.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 3, In Canada as many as 120 countries began signing a ban on land mines in Ottawa. The US, China, Russia, Iraq were among those countries refusing to sign the ban.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 3, South Korea struck a deal with the International Monetary Fund for a record $55 billion bailout of its foundering economy.
    (AP, 12/3/98)
1997        Dec 3, In Norway Dr. Christian Sandsdalen was convicted for the mercy killing in Jun 1996 of Bodil Bjerkmann (45), who suffered from multiple sclerosis. He was the first Norwegian tried for mercy killing.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C4)
1997        Dec 3, In Poland Cardinal Jozef Glemp chastised Rev. Tadeusz Rydzyk for his daily broadcasts of hate and rage mingled with prayer sessions. Rydzyk began broadcasting over Radio Maryja in 1991 and has become the 4th most popular station in Poland with 5 million listeners, mostly among older, religious observant women.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A22)
1997        Dec 3, Pres. Yeltsin announced that Russia is ready to cut troop strength in the Baltic region by 20% by Jan 1, 1999.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C4)
1997        Dec 3, In Rwanda Hutu rebels attacked a prison and released 507 jailed comrades in Bulinga.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C4)

1997        Dec 4, The National Basketball Association suspended All-Star Latrell Sprewell of the Golden State Warriors for one year for choking and threatening to kill his coach, P.J. Carlesimo, three days earlier. An arbitrator later reduced the suspension and reinstated Sprewell to the Warriors, which had terminated his contract.
    (AP, 12/4/98)
1997        Dec 4, In Santa Claus, Ga., Jerry Scott Heidler (20) was arrested for the murder of a couple and their two children and the kidnapping of three foster children.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.A3)
1997        Dec 4, In Washington DC Eric Butera (31) was robbed and beaten to death while assisting police in an undercover investigation of a triple murder. In 1999 a court ruled that the DC police dept. and 4 officers pay Butera's mother $98 million in damages.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.A3)
1997        Dec 4, In Canada postal workers ended their strike under threat of heavy fines with a 5.15% wage increase over 3 years.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.B5)
1997        Dec 4, The EU banned tobacco advertising and gave cigarette makers until 2006 to end sponsorship of major sports and cultural events. Governments get 3 years to enact the ban beginning Oct 1988 on all advertising except at stores that sell cigarettes.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.B2)
1997        Dec 4, From France it was reported that Paul Cezanne graces the new 100 franc bill. He replaces Eugene Delacroix, who was on the old bill with his painting depicting the French Revolution and its topless symbol Marianne.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.C5)
1997        Dec 4, In Indonesia some 2,000 Dole farmworkers on Mindanao went on strike protesting low wages.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A10)
1997        Dec 4, In Liberia Samuel Dokie, an opposition politician, was found slain in Bong County with his wife and bodyguard. He had been reported missing after being arrested by security men in Pres. Taylors stronghold of Gbarnga.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.B5)
1997        Dec 4, UNESCO designated additional places as World Heritage sites at a conference in Naples. Prior to the addition there were 506 sites designated over the last 25 years.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.B7)

1997        Dec 5, Pres. Clinton said US troops in Haiti will continue their presence. Some 300-500 troops were posted on a rotating basis for civil affairs work with an additional 150 US military police for security.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A10)
1997        Dec 5, The space shuttle Columbia returned from a 16-day mission that had been marred by the bungled release of a satellite.
    (AP, 12/5/98)
1997        Dec 5, The World Trade Organization (WTO) rejected American claims that the Fuji film company had conspired with the Japanese government to keep Eastman Kodak products out of Japan.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.C3) (AP, 12/5/98)
1997        Dec 5, In India explosions on 3 separate passenger trains left at least 10 dead and 64 injured in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 5, In Mexico City Mayor Cuautemoc Cardenas (63) was sworn into office. He named Jesus Carrola as head of the judicial police.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A8)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C3)
1997        Dec 5, Pres. Yeltsin visited the lower house of parliament and prodded the passage of the new budget with austere spending plans.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 5, In Spain a politicians bodyguard was shot to death hours before authorities arrested 19 of 23 leaders of the pro-Basque independence party, Herri Batasuna, in San Sebastian. Protestors also commandeered a bus and burned it.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec 5, In northern Sri Lanka Heavy fighting left some 250 dead. Guerrillas turned over the bodies of 111 government soldiers and some 150 Tamil rebel were believed killed in Vavuniya.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 5, Turkish troops began an offensive against Turkish Kurds in northern Iraq. The 20,000 man force was to be assisted by 8,000 men of the Kurdistan Democratic party, an Iraqi group.
    (SFC,12/6/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 5, Mayor Tayyip Erdogan of Istanbul made statements in Siirt that were later called inflammatory. He was charged with inciting hatred based on religious differences. Erdogan had quoted Ziya Gokalp, a poet who had written the verse to inspire the troops of Ataturk.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D5)(SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A21)

1997        Dec 6, An asteroid was discovered by J.V. Scotti at the Univ. of Arizona. It was recognized as one of 108 potentially hazardous asteroids.
    (NH, 10/98, p.88)
1997        Dec 6, At least 69 people were killed when a Russian Antonov-124 military jet cargo plane crashed in the Siberian city of Irkutsk seconds after takeoff.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.A19)(WSJ, 12/8/97, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/98)

1997        Dec 7, Republicans threatened Attorney General Janet Reno with contempt of Congress over her decision to forgo an independent counsel's investigation of White House campaign fund raising.
1997        Dec 7, Singer Bob Dylan, actor Charlton Heston, actress Lauren Bacall, opera singer Jessye Norman and ballet master Edward Villella shared the 20th annual Kennedy Center Honors in Washington D.C.
    (AP, 12/7/98)
1997        Dec 7, A new Presidential Decision Directive was reported to replace one put into place by Pres. Reagan in 1981. It reset the guidelines for the use of nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons would still be maintained as a deterrent.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A14)
1997        Dec 7, It was reported that some 19 sperm whales washed up along the Danish and German North Sea coasts over the last several weeks.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.A27)
1997        Dec 7, It was reported that the worlds tiger population was down to 6000, from 100,000 a century ago. 5 of 8 subspecies are left: Indian (Bengal), Sumatran, Chinese, Indo-Chinese and Amur (Siberian).
    (SFEC,12/797, Par p.12)
1997        Dec 7, Three skydivers, 2 Americans and an Austrian, died while jumping to the South Pole on a trip organized by Adventure Network Intl.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A18)
1997        Dec 7, In Israel the Histadrut labor federation declared an end to a 4-day strike by 700,000 public sector workers.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A18)
1997        Dec 7, In Serbia elections failed to elect a president with a 50% majority. Milan Milutinovic, an ally of Slobodan Milosevic received 42% and Vojislav Seselj, a former paramilitary leader, had 33%. Vuk Draskovic received 16% and threatened to call a boycott in a Dec 21 runoff.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A13)(SFC,12/10/97, p.A13)

1997        Dec 8, LeAnn Rimes (15) won the artist of the year award at the Billboard Music Awards in Las Vegas.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.E5)
1997        Dec 8, Federal hearings opened in Baltimore into the TWA Flight 800 disaster that had claimed 230 lives.
    (AP, 12/8/98)
1997        Dec 8, The US HUD established a new program with a hotline to help the nations homeless estimated at 600,000 to 1 million people: 800-HUD-1010.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A3)
1997        Dec 8, The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights reported that deaths in Rio, Brazil, attributed to police links with the military, averaged 20 a month last year.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 8, At the UN conference on global warming in Kyoto, Japan, US Vice President Al Gore signaled a willingness on the part of the US to compromise and perhaps raise the amount of greenhouse gases it is willing to cut.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A1)
1997        Dec 8, In Indonesia a fire gutted the top 3 floors of the central bank in Jakarta and at least 15 people were killed.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.B3)
1997        Dec 8, In Iran leaders of the 55-member Organization of the Islamic Conference gathered to overcome historic divisions and promote Islamic solidarity.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.B3)
1997        Dec 8, Iraq executed 4 Jordanians accused of smuggling $850 worth of auto parts. King Hussein of Jordan called and appealed for clemency to no avail.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 8, In Malaysia the rupiah dropped 10% on rumors that Pres. Suharto had suffered a stroke.
    (WSJ, 12/10/97, p.A16)
1997        Dec 8, Mexico agreed with the European Union to negotiate a trade pact.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 8, In Somalia doctors reported that 31 children had died of cholera in recent days and that medicine was needed to prevent an epidemic.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.B10)
1997        Dec 8, In a $25 billion deal, Swiss Bank and Union Bank of Switzerland announced they would merge, forming Europe's largest and world's second largest bank.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A16)(AP, 12/8/98)
1997        Dec 8, In Thailand the government announced that it will liquidate 56 of 58 insolvent finance companies shut down by the Central Bank earlier in the year. The move was part of the conditions of the $17.2 billion IMF bailout.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A15)
1997        Dec 8, Leon Poliakov (87), French-Jewish historian, died. His books included Harvest of Hate, one of the best narratives of the Holocaust.

1997        Dec 9, Confronting her critics, Attorney General Janet Reno traded testy remarks with House Republicans on the House committee investigating campaign fund-raising; she defended her decision not to seek an independent counsel for fund-raising calls made by President Clinton and Vice President Gore.
    (AP, 12/9/98)
1997        Dec 9, It was reported that the US had agreed to provide over $500 million towards the construction of a new atom smasher in Geneva under the direction of CERN. The large Hadron Collider was expected to be completed for $6 billion by 2005.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 9, In Texas Michael Lee Lockhart was put to death by lethal injection for the 1988 murder of a Beaumont police officer. He was also wanted by Florida and Indiana where in 1987 he killed a 14-year old girl and 16 year-old girl. He was the 37th to be executed by Texas this year.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A3)
1997        Dec 9, In Virginia Michael Charles Satche (29) was put to death for the rape and murder of a woman. It was the states 8th execution this year.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A3)
1997        Dec 9, The US began an investigation of Grupo Hank, a large financial empire controlled by Carlos Hank Gonzales, a former mayor of Mexico City, and his sons Carlos Hank Rhon and Jorge Hank Rhon. A 1999 report concluded that the family was heavily involved in drug trafficking and money laundering.
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.A1,14)
1997        Dec 9, A former Algerian diplomat in London said that the government was involved in the recent massacres of civilians to garner support against the Islamic opposition.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A14)
1997        Dec 9, Israeli officials scrambled to stop a Yasser Arafats government from conducting a census of Palestinians in East Jerusalem.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 9, North Korean officials agreed to a 4-nation meeting in Geneva for a permanent peace treaty to the 1950-1953 Korean War. The talks inaugurated formal discussion for a permanent peace agreement and a new session was scheduled for Mar 16.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.C1)(SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 9, In Russia 3 armed hijackers seized an Ilyushin-62 passenger plane from far east city of Magadan with at least 140 people onboard. They demanded $10 million and a flight to Switzerland.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 9, In Zimbabwe thousands of protestors, angry over taxes, fought with the police for 4 hours in Harare during one of the biggest local labor strikes. The strike was called by the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions amid discontent over unemployment, taxes and inflation along with corruption and lavish spending by politicians.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A13)

1997        Dec 10, The US Supreme Court narrowed double-jeopardy protections for people who face both civil fines and criminal prosecution for the same conduct, ruling that three Oklahoma men could be prosecuted in a bank failure case even though they'd already paid civil fines for their actions. This overturned a 1989 ruling that said it would be double-jeopardy to impose both criminal punishment and civil fines.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A3)(AP, 12/10/98)
1997        Dec 10, Vice Pres. Gore announced that $425 million would be made available from the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund to help state and local officials improve teaching and learning with new technology.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 10, Researchers announced that the genetic blueprint of the microbe that causes Lyme disease has been deciphered.
    (WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 10, Julia Butterfly (23), nee Julia Hill, climbed into a redwood tree in Humboldt County, Ca., on Pacific Lumber Co. property and remained there for over 2 years. She named the tree Luna and in her meditations came up with the equation: truth + hope = action + change. Julia ended her protest Dec 18, 1999. A deal was reached to preserve Luna and a 200-foot buffer in exchange for a $50,000 payment to Pacific Lumber, which would be donated to Humboldt State Univ. for scientific research. In 2000 Hill published "The Legacy of Luna: The Story of a Tree, a Woman, and the Struggle to Save the Redwoods."
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, Z1p.1)(KPFA, 12/9/99)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A5)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A24)(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.3)
1997        Dec 10, In Britain the House of Commons approved a bill to reduce welfare payments to single parents.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)
1997        Dec 10, In Israel the parliament issued a broad ban on Palestinian political activity in East Jerusalem in an attempt to block a Palestinian census.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)
1997        Dec 10, Jordan expelled 7 Iraqi diplomats after Iraq executed 4 Jordanians accused of smuggling $850 worth of auto parts.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 10, Jesus Carrola, the new judicial police chief of Mexico City, stepped down amid allegations of links to torture and drug traffickers.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C3)
1997        Dec 10, In Mexico Vincent Carroza, a hotel manager in Acapulco from New Jersey, was kidnapped by 9 gunmen dressed as federal police agents. His was the 104th kidnapping reported in the state in 20 months. He was released unharmed after 8 days.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)(SFC,12/18/97, p.C12)
1997        Dec 10, In Rwanda Hutu guerrillas, known as Interhamwe, attacked the Mudende Tutsi refugee camp and killed at least 231 [327] people and wounded over 200 others just hours before the arrival of US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright, who came to promote peace.
    (SFC,12/12/97, p.B3)(SFC,12/19/97, p.B6)
1997        Dec 10, In Uganda US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright pledged $2.2 million for World Vision, a center that cares for abducted children, and a $2 million grant for Lacor Hospital, where many children receive treatment.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A17)
1997        Dec 10, In Zimbabwe the government withdrew key components of a controversial tax package.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A18)

1997        Dec 11, Henry Cisneros, President Clinton's first housing secretary, was indicted for conspiracy, obstructing justice and making false statements about payments to former mistress. Cisneros, who later pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor, was eventually pardoned by President Clinton.
    (AP, 12/11/02)
1997        Dec 11, A US federal judge ordered Microsoft not to bundle IE4 in Windows.
1997        Dec 11, From Austria scientists reported in Nature that they had demonstrated a form of tele-transportation. They teleported the physical condition of a photon using a phenomenon called entanglement.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A4)
1997        Dec 11, The 55-member Organization of the Islamic conference ended their meeting in Iran with the declaration that "the killing of innocents is strictly forbidden in Islam." The group also called for full respect for the dignity and rights of Muslim women and criticized Israel for "state terrorism."
    (SFC,12/12/97, p.B2)
1997        Dec 11, Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams became the first political ally of the IRA to meet a British leader in 76 years as he conferred with Prime Minister Tony Blair in London.
    (AP, 12/11/98)
1997        Dec 11, In Kyoto, Japan, negotiators at the conference on global warming reached a compromise with a commitment by some 38 industrialized nations to cut greenhouse gas emissions by an average of 5% from 1990 levels over the next 10-15 years. Over 160 nations endorsed the treaty that binds industrialized nations to cut greenhouse gases. It was signed by 171 nations. Intl. aviation was excluded from the protocol on condition that by 2007 countries and airlines of the Intl. Civil Aviation Organization (ICOA) come up with a way of reducing emissions through a trading scheme.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A1)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A2)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.67)
1997        Dec 11, Russia announced that it would terminate a recently negotiated 10-year contract with the US on uranium sales, and planned to sell its uranium on the open market. The decision could bring Russia an extra $500 million.
    (SFC,12/12/97, p.B6)
1997        Dec 11, In Spain Jose Luis Caso, a former town councilor in Renteria, was killed by two suspected Basque separatists in Irun.
    (SFC,12/12/97, p.B6)
1997        Dec 11, From Vietnam it was reported that 56 people have died of dengue fever in southern Kien Giang province following Typhoon Linda.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C7)

1997        Dec 12, SFX Entertainment negotiated the purchase of Bill Graham Presents for $65 million.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A15)
1997        Dec 12, In Orlando, Fla., John Armstrong was killed by police after a 4-day hostage crises during which he held two children captive. He killed a man just before taking the 2 children hostage. He had been released from prison in March after serving less than a third of a 12-year sentence for robbery in 1989.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A2)
1997        Dec 12, Negotiators in Geneva for the World Trade Organization (WTO) signed an accord to open up the banking and insurance sectors of some 70 member countries to foreign competition.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A10)
1997        Dec 12, The IMF announced that it would ask members to boost its capital base by $160 billion. In Sept. a $90 billion increase was approved.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A14)
1997        Dec 12, The Cayman Islands told the Norwegian Cruise Line that a chartered 910-passenger ship of gay people would not be allowed to dock.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, p.A8)
1997        Dec 12, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the international terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal," went on trial in Paris on charges of killing two French investigators and a Lebanese national. He was convicted and began serving a life prison sentence.
    (AP, 12/12/98)
1997        Dec 12, Japanese train builders (Maglev) claimed world speed record at 332 MPH.
1997        Dec 12, In Peru archeologists announced the finding of a 2nd mummy of a young Inca sacrificed over 500 years ago near the summit of Mt. Ampato, not far from Perus 2nd city Arequipa.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A14)
1997        Dec 12, In South Korea Dongsuh Securities, the countrys 4th largest brokerage firm, went bankrupt. Koreas stock index fell to its lowest level in 10 years. The central bank said it would pump $6.5 billion in emergency loans into domestic financial institutions to resuscitate the financial system.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A10)
1997        Dec 12, In South Korea Pres. candidate Kim Dae Jung set up a teleconference with George Soros, Michael Jackson and Mickey Kantor.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 12, In Switzerland the high court told Swiss banks to send some $500 million in assets of the late Ferdinand Marcos back to the Philippines.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A14)

1997        Dec 13, A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held in Los Angeles for the $1 billion Getty Center, one of the largest arts centers in the United States.
    (AP, 12/13/98)
1997        Dec 13, In SF a fire in a Bayview-Hunters Point housing project killed 6 people including 5 children. Henry Lee Redmond (60), a live-in boyfriend of Delores Evans (42), one of the victims, apparently started the fire with a cigarette while drinking. Redmond escaped and claimed that he tried to douse the fire and yelled to the people upstairs. The SF Housing Authority was found negligent for not installing a smoke detector or fixing a faulty heater in 2008 still owed $13.5 million to relatives of the victims. The SF Housing Authority finished paying off the judgment in 2009.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/16/97, p.A17)(SFC, 4/24/08, p.B3)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.B3)
1997        Dec 13, Michigan Wolverine Charles Woodson was named winner of the Heisman Trophy, the first primarily defensive player so honored.
    (AP, 12/13/98)
1997        Dec 13, In Northern Ireland gangs of Catholic youths attacked police during a protest march by rival Protestants in the annual Lundys Day demonstration in Londonderry.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A26)
1997        Dec 13, In Spain tens of thousands marched in San Sebastian to protest the murder of Jose Luis Caso.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A24)

1997        Dec 13-1997 Dec 14, In South Korea panic buying hit the supermarkets as people rushed to hoard staples prior to price increases.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.B1)

1997        Dec 14, Astronomers detected the brightest explosion ever detected in a galaxy 12 billion light-years away.
    (USAT, 5/7/98, p.1A)
1997        Dec 14, Cuban President Fidel Castro declared Christmas 1997 an official holiday to ensure the success of Pope John Paul II's upcoming visit in Jan.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.B1)(AP, 12/14/98)
1997        Dec 14, From India it was reported that Bombay film studios churn out 900 features a year in Hindi and other Indian languages at an average cost of $2.24 million.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.62)
1997        Dec 14, Iran's new president, Mohammad Khatami, called for a dialogue with the people of the United States -- a nation reviled by his predecessors as "The Great Satan."
    (AP, 12/14/98)
1997        Dec 14, In Mexico the 500-seat Chamber of Deputies approved Pres. Zedillos  $108.9 billion budget for 1988. The secret budget was reduced to $6.25 million.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.B1)
1997        Dec 14, From Mexico it was reported that the Korean owners of the Han Young plant in Tijuana have agreed to cut ties with the government union and recognize the independent Unidad Obrera (Worker Unity) that was elected on Oct 6.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A22)

1997        cDec 15, Pres. Clinton answered a written discovery posed by Ms. Jones to identify all women who were state or federal employees since 1986 that he had had sexual relations with. His response under oath was none.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1997        Dec 15, Over Republican objections, President Clinton appointed Bill Lann Lee acting assistant attorney general for civil rights.
    (AP, 12/15/98)
1997        Dec 15, US Defense Sec. Cohen ordered all 1.5 million men and women in uniform to be inoculated against anthrax.
    (WSJ, 12/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 15, It was reported that the US carried out 74 executions this year.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.A2)
1997        Dec 15, In Missouri the nations last workable Minuteman II missile silo was destroyed in Dederick. It was the last of 150 in Missouri aimed at the Soviet Union. The missiles were deactivated and the silos destroyed due to the 1995 signing of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.A3)
1997        Dec 15, In Australia a government report said that at least 1,045 retarded women and girls have been sterilized since a 1992 law that made it illegal without special approval.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.B3)
1997        Dec 15, In Colombia at least 26 peasants were killed about this time after paramilitary groups began to "cleanse" the Riosucio region of leftist guerrillas.
    (SFC, 1/5/98, p.A10)
1997        Dec 15, In Egypt a court sentenced a physician, Dr. Rabie Ibrahim Mahgoub, one year in prison and a fine of $150 for the April death of a 14-real-old girl, Amina Abdel-Hamid Abu-Elah, who was undergoing circumcision surgery (called genital mutilation by opponents).
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.B2)
1997        Dec 15, In Guyana Janet Jagan (77) won the elections for president.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A22)(SFC,12/18/97, p.C14)
1997        Dec 15, In Mexico a gang of armed masked men raided several homes and seized some 20 teenagers and young adults. Several were tortured and Salvador Jimenez Lopez (25) was found dead a week later. On Jan 7 authorities arrested 28 officers and soldiers who were believed to be responsible.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.B10)
1997        Dec 15, In Mexico Peter Zarate (40), an executive for New York-based Cushman and Wakefield, was shot and killed in a taxi robbery in a wealthy Mexico City neighborhood.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A12)
1997        Dec 15, In Sierra Leone at least 60 people died in a canoe mishap on the Manor River near the Liberian border while fleeing renewed violence.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.B2)
1997        Dec 15, In the UAR a Russian Tu-154 charter flight from Tajikistan crashed 9 miles from Sharjah and 85 people were killed.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.B1)

1997        Dec 16, In Washington Pres. Clinton awarded 14 scientists the National Medal of Science.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.A20)
1997        Dec 16, Originally scheduled for a Fall opening. The new $1 billion Getty Center was designed by Richard Meier and  opened at the 25-acre site in Brentwood, Ca. It will include a 750,000 volume library, auditorium and exhibition space. The 110-acre arts and cultural campus was being built in the Santa Monica Mountains above west Los Angeles. The old Museum, a villa in Malibu, will be renovated and reopened in 2001 with one of its current 7 collections of Greek and Roman antiquities.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.D2)(SFC, 6/24/97, p.B3)(SFEM,12/797, p.18)(WSJ, 12/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 16, A Pentagon-appointed panel concluded that the Army, Navy and Air Force should segregate male and female recruits in their earliest phases of basic training.
    (AP, 12/16/98)
1997        Dec 16, The Galileo spacecraft flew to within 124 miles of the surface and recorded images of Europa. Volcanic ice flows implicated a vast ocean below the surface. Giant lightning bolts on Jupiter, a hundred times more powerful that those on Earth, were reported via the spacecraft and it indicated a magnetic field around Ganymede. It also indicated an atmosphere of hydrogen and carbon dioxide around Callisto. Metallic cores inside Io, Ganymede and Europa and the lack of a similar core inside Callisto was also indicated.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A4)
1997        Dec 16, Ralph Fasanella (b.1914), American artist, died. His work focused on 20th century immigration and labor themes.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.C7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Fasanella)
1997        Dec 16, In Hong Kong it was reported that 2 people died of an avian flu. It was the first known instance of human infection. The flu came from chickens imported from Guangdon province in China. The first case was reported in May.
    (WSJ, 12/16/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/17/97, p.A2)
1997        Dec 16, U.N. weapons monitor Richard Butler left Iraq after failing to persuade President Saddam Hussein to open his palaces to inspections.
    (AP, 12/16/98)
1997        Dec 16, In Japan Prime Minister Hashimoto proposed a one-time cut in the national income tax of about $15.38 billion.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 16, In Japan, at least 700 mostly young TV viewers suffered nausea and epilepsy-like spasms after watching an animated cartoon show, "Pokemon" that featured bright, flashing colors.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A26) (AP, 12/16/98)
1997        Dec 16, Pres. Mandela stepped aside as leader of the African National Congress and was succeeded by Deputy Pres. Thabo Mbeki. In 2005 William Mervin Gumede authored Thabo Mbeki and the Battle for the Soul of the ANC.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A26)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.82)

1997        Dec 17, President Clinton's panel on race relations met at Annandale High School in Virginia.
    (AP, 12/17/98)
1997        Dec 17, The US and 33 other countries signed a convention in Paris aimed at eradicating bribery in international business. Turkey was one of 34 signatories of the OECDs anti-corruption convention. By 2008 38 countries had signed on.
    (AP, 12/17/98)(Econ, 3/19/05, Survey p.14)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.73)
1997        Dec 17, A new Montana law, effective today, made the entire state an offshore banking center, allowing foreign interests to anonymously stash their cash. Depositors could not be US citizens and a minimum of $200,000 was required.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 1/18/98, p.A18)
1997        Dec 17, In New Jersey a settlement was reached that allows gay and unmarried couples to adopt children.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 17, A US court ordered Cuba to pay $187.6 million for three men killed when their planes were shot down in 1996 by MiG fighters.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 17, In France Salima Ghezali, Algerian human rights campaigner, received the European Parliaments Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C12)
1997        Dec 17, In Chiapas, Mexico, a young man from an Indian hamlet near Acteal was killed in an ambush by masked gunmen. Antonio Vazquez Secum summoned a band of gunmen and dispatched them to Acteal for revenge.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A15)
1997        Dec 17, A Ukrainian jetliner from Odessa, a Yakoviev 42, was missing as it approached the Greek city of Salonica with 70-71 people onboard. The wreckage was located near Fotina, Greece, on Dec 20, as a Greek military plane, searching for the wreckage, crashed north of Athens. All five people aboard the C-130 transport plane were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)(www.cnn.com/WORLD/9712/20/greece.plane.pm/)

1997        Dec 18, President Clinton extended indefinitely the deadline for withdrawal of U.S. troops helping with the U.N. peacekeeping effort in Bosnia.
    (AP, 12/18/98)
1997        Dec 18, Festivus, or the Festival for the Rest of Us was made famous by an episode of Seinfeld. It came to be celebrated on Dec 23.
1997        Dec 18, In California a fired California highway employee, Arturo Reyes Torres, shot and killed 4 people at the Caltrans maintenance yard in Orange and was himself killed by police.
    (SFC,12/19/97, p.A14)(AP, 12/18/98)
1997        Dec 18, Chris Farley (33), comic actor of Saturday Night Live, was found dead in his Chicago apartment. An overdose of morphine and cocaine was later reported.
    (SFC,12/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 1/3/98, p.A2)(AP, 12/18/98)
1997        Dec 18, It was reported that the death toll in Europe had climbed to 50 due to the vicious cold as temperatures plunged as low as 19.8 degrees.
    (USAT, 12/18/97, p.10A)
1997        Dec 18, In Bosnia NATO forces seized 2 war crimes suspects. Vlatko Kupreskic was shot when he fired on Dutch soldiers. Anto Furundzija was arrested without trouble.
    (SFC,12/19/97, p.B2)
1997        Dec 18, Richard Tomlinson (b.1963), a former British MI6 officer, was jailed for a year for unlawfully disclosing information about his work. He had joined MI6 in 1991 and was dismissed in 1995, after admitting to passing a synopsis of a proposed book about his experiences in the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) to an Australian publisher. He kept details of his book in secret files on several computers. He had served for 4 years as an agent in Moscow and Bosnia. In 1999 Tomlinson posted the names of British intelligence officers on a Web site. His book The Big Breach was published in 2001 in Russia.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2cw2sal)(SFC, 5/13/99, p.C5)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.34)
1997        Dec 18    , In Jamaica In Parliamentary elections 2-term Prime Minister P.J. Patterson took a big lead over Edward Seaga. The Peoples National Party won an absolute majority in the 60-seat parliament.
    (WSJ, 12/19/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/19/97, p.B3)
1997        Dec 18, South Korea held presidential elections. One time dissident Kim Dae Yung (Kim Dae-jung)  won the elections with 40.3% of the vote.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.C2)(WSJ, 12/19/97, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/98)
1997        Dec 18, In Lebanon a foundation stone was laid for the new US consulate in Beirut.
    (SFC,12/19/97, p.B3)
1997        Dec 18, From Saudi Arabia it was reported the Prince Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud was building a 984-foot structure called "The Kingdom Centre" in central Riyadh at a cost of $427 million.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 18, In Serbia a group of 12 doctors and medical technicians marched for 3 days from Nis to Belgrade to protest the lack of medical resources. In Belgrade health minister Leposava Milicevic said she was too busy to see them.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A12)

1997        Dec 19, B.B. King, blues guitarist, gave his electric guitar, "Lucille," to Pope John Paul after the Vaticans annual Christmas concert.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.E5)
1997        Dec 19, The $200 million James Cameron epic film "Titanic" opened in NYC. It went on make box office records.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.B1)(AP, 12/19/98)
1997        Dec 19, In NYC Reginald Bannerman died after he was struck by a train. He was fleeing a beating by 6 NYC narcotics detectives, who had been out drinking. He was dragged and kicked outside a Crown heights nightclub and was fired upon when he fled onto the tracks of the Steeling St. subway station.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 19, In Milwaukee a postal clerk, Anthony J. De Culit, shot and killed his supervisor, a co-worker and wounded another and then killed himself.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A3)(AP, 12/19/98)
1997        Dec 19, In Indonesia a Singapore SilkAir operated Boeing 737-300 jet crashed by the Musi River north of Palembang on its flight from Jakarta to Singapore. All 104 people on board were feared dead. The 10-month-old plane was later found to have some fasteners missing. Capt. Tsu Way Ming was later suspected of having committed suicide due to investment losses.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A10) (WSJ, 1/8/98, p.1)(WSJ, 7/30/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/19/98)
1997        Dec 19, Masaru Ibuka (b.1908), co-founder of Japans Sony Corp), died at age 89.

1997        Dec 20, Vincent Ciccone, candy-maker, died in New Jersey. He invented the "Blow Pop" lollipop, a lollipop with a bubble-gum center, and a method to combine hard candies with medicine used in throat lozenges.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B6)
1997        Dec 20, Denise Levertov (74), poet, died in Seattle. Her first book of essays was: "The Poet in the World."
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.D4)
1997        Dec 20, Pope John Paul II sent Christmas greetings to the Cuban people in advance of his visit to the island.
    (AP, 12/20/98)
1997        Dec 20, In Cambodia Theng Bunma, business tycoon and accused drug trafficker, was awarded an honorary doctorate from Iowa Wesleyan College via the manipulations of Ted Sioeng, an Indonesia-born businessman. Sioeng is at the heart of the "donorgate" scandal over Chinas attempt to influence the 1996 US elections.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A22)
1997        Dec 20, In Tokyo, Japan, Juzo Itami (64), film director, jumped in suicide from his 8th story office, just before a magazine report about an affair. He made 10 films in 13 years that included "Tampopo."
    (SFC,12/22/97, p.A19)
1997        Dec 20, In Nigeria there was an alleged coup and Genl. Donaldson Oladipu Diya and 11 others were arrested.
    (SFC,12/24/97, p.A6)
1997        Dec 20, President Nelson Mandela stepped down as leader of South Africa's governing African National Congress.
    (AP, 12/20/98)
1997        Dec 20, In South Korea Pres. Kim Young Sam and pres.-elect Kim Dae Jung agreed to pardon two jailed, former military-backed presidents, Chun Doo Hwan and Roh Tae Woo.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A13)

1997        Dec 21, President Clinton, accompanied by his wife and daughter, left for Bosnia to spread holiday cheer -- and to carry the news that he wanted U.S. troops to remain there indefinitely as the region recovered from its devastating war.
    (AP, 12/21/98)
1997        Dec 21, It was reported that Andrew S. Grove, chairman and CEO of Intel Corp., was named time magazines "Man of the Year."
    (SFEC,12/21/97, p.A2)
1997        Dec 21, In Colorado Susannah Chase (23) was brutally attacked, abducted, sexually assaulted and beaten in Boulder. She died the following day of severe head injuries. In 2008 DNA evidence connected Diego Olmos Alcalde to the slaying, as he served time in Wyoming for a kidnapping. In 2009 Chilean citizen Diego Olmos Alcalde (39) was sentenced to life in prison for Chases murder.
    (SFC, 4/6/98, p.A3)(SFC, 6/30/09, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/nwtazu)
1997        Dec 21, Johnny Coles (71), jazz trumpeter, died in Philadelphia. His records included "The Warm Sound of Johnny Coles" and "Little Johnny C."
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B6)
1997        Dec 21, In Cameroon Pius Njawe, the publisher of the leading opposition newspaper Le Meesager, ran a story that Pres. Paul Biya suffered a heart attack. On Dec 29 Njawe was reported to have been imprisoned for the story.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.B2)
1997        Dec 21, In Colombia rebels overran Patascoy, a small military base in Narino province and killed 22 soldiers. Some 400 rebels overwhelmed 32 defenders. 3 soldiers survived the attack and were found by rescuers after 2 days. In the northwest weekend fighting between rebels and right-wing paramilitaries left 6 dead. Later reports said rebels were holding 18-19 soldiers hostage. Pvt. Libio Jose Martinez was among those captured. Martinez and 3 others were killed by the FARC during combat on Nov 26, 2011.
    (WSJ, 12/22/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/23/97, p.D3)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A8)(SFC,12/27/97, p.A13)(AP, 11/27/11)
1997        Dec 21, In Serbia Milan Milutinovic of the ruling Socialists claimed victory in the runoff election against Vojislav Seselj, but it wasnt clear if the turnout exceeded 50%.
    (WSJ, 12/22/97, p.A1)

1997        Dec 22, During his visit to Bosnia, President Clinton thanked American troops and lectured the nation's three presidents to set aside their differences.
    (AP, 12/22/98)
1997        Dec 22, Actress Hunter Tylo, whose pregnancy got her fired from TV's steamy soap "Melrose Place," was awarded $4.9 million by jurors who agreed she was wrongfully terminated.
    (AP, 12/22/98)
1997        Dec 22, The FDA approved Mercks drug Propecia for countering baldness.
    (WSJ, 12/23/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 22, A small plane crashed near Hampshire, Ill., and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.A6)
1997        Dec 22, In Algeria attackers stormed Shari hamlet and killed 28 villagers including 15 children and 5 women. The same night 53 villagers, mostly women and children, died in a massacre in the neighboring Sidi el Antar hamlet. Another 11 had their throats cut in Algiers in the Bainem area.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A19)
1997        Dec 22, In Colombia a new wave of paramilitary attacks began in the Riosucio region and some 500 more peasants fled to Pavarando for safety.
    (SFC, 1/5/98, p.A10)
1997        Dec 22, In Lithuanian a vote count showed Arturas Paulauskas led the countrys 2nd presidential vote since breaking with the Soviet Union. A runoff with Vladas Adamkus was set for Jan 4. Vytautas Landsbergis, who ran third, threw his support behind Adamkus.
    (SFC,12/22/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 12/23/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 22, In Mexico some 70 pro-government gunmen of the Peace and Justice paramilitary group killed 45 people, including 21 women 9 men and 15 children, in the Tzoztzil Indian village of Acteal. Opposition groups called for the resignation of Gov. Julio Cesar Ruiz Ferro, who had repeatedly denied the existence of paramilitary groups in the state. In 1998 12 officials of the state attorney generals office were arrested for failing to stop the massacre. The government paid compensation to families of the victims and to the wounded. In 1999 20 government supporters were sentenced to 35 years in prison and 81 people were still scheduled for trial. In Dec 2007 authorities re-arrested Antonio Santiz, the alleged mastermind of the massacre. Santiz had been arrested for his alleged involvement in 2000, but a judge threw out the charges in 2001, ruling there wasn't enough evidence. In 2008 a Mexican judge sentenced brothers Antonio and Mariano Pucuj to 26 years in prison for their participation in the massacre. In August, 2009, Mexico's Supreme Court ordered freedom for 20 men convicted in the Acteal massacre and new trials for six more, ruling that prosecutors used illegally obtained evidence. In November, 2009, the Supreme Court ordered the release of nine more people convicted in massacre, ruling their convictions were based on illegally obtained evidence. New trials were ordered for 16 others.
    (SFC,12/24/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/26/97, p.B7)(SFC, 7/4/98, p.A9)(SFC, 7/20/99, p.A11)(AP, 12/23/07)(AP, 2/27/08)(AP, 8/12/09)(AP, 11/4/09)
1997        Dec 22, In Somalia leaders of the rival factions approved a plan to restore national government. An interim government was planned with power to be shared among the factions.
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.D2)

1997        Dec 23, Woody Allen married Soon-Yi Previn in a small ceremony in Venice, Italy.
    (AP, 12/23/98)
1997        Dec 23, A jury in Denver convicted Terry Nichols for conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter in the Apr 19, 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.
    (SFC, 6/3/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A4)(AP, 12/23/98)
1997        Dec 23, The FDA approved the first inhaled antibiotic, made by PathoGenesis, to help lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis.
    (WSJ, 12/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 23, US Agriculture Dept estimated that it took $149,820 to raise a child to 18.
1997        Dec 23, In France "Carlos the Jackal," aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, was convicted in the murder of 2 French agents and a Lebanese informant on Jun 27, 1975. He was sentenced the next day to life in prison.
    (SFC,12/24/97, p.A6)
1997        Dec 23, In Uganda Renu Joshi was murdered, allegedly by electrocution, at her home on Martin Road in Old Kampala. In 2000 Her husband Sharma Kooky, an Indian businessman, was convicted and sentenced to die for her torture and murder. In 2009 his sentenced was changed to life in prison. In 2012 he was set free on humanitarian grounds. An independent report indicated that he did not murder his wife.
    (AP, 3/30/12)(http://allafrica.com/stories/201203300998.html)
1997        Dec 23, For the 1st time a Chanukah candle was officially lit in Vatican City.

1997        Dec 24, The worlds first civilian spy satellite, EarlyBird I, was launched from Russia. It was built by EarthWatch Inc. of Longmont, Colo.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A6)
1997        Dec 24, From California it was reported that the Air Force agreed to sell McClellan Air Force Base to Sacramento County for a maximum of $90 million. Payments would begin in Dec 2008 and continue over 45 years.
    (SFC,12/24/97, p.A14)
1997        Dec 24, A fire in Detroit killed four children of the Buchanan family.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A3)
1997        Dec 24, In Afghanistan the Taliban launched an offensive at Kotel Toopkhana in Badakhshan province and by the next day claimed to have driven out the soldiers of Ahmed Shah Massood.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B4)
1997        Dec 24, In Bolivia 2 17th century colonial paintings, titled "Saint Rose of Viterbo" and "Saint Augustin," were stolen from the Roman Catholic Church of San Andres de Machaca. They were recovered in 2011 after a US art dealer reported receiving the paintings on consignment from a collector.
    (AP, 9/19/11)
1997        Dec 24, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the aging revolutionary known as "Carlos the Jackal," was sentenced by a French court to life in prison for the 1975 murders of two French investigators and a Lebanese national.
    (AP, 12/24/98)
1997        Dec 24, In Indonesia the currency hit a record low at 6,300 rupiah to the dollar and closed at around 5,850.
    (WSJ, 12/26/97, p.A6)
1997        Dec 24, It was reported that Iraq completed a 150-mile canal to supply water to Basra.
    (WSJ, 12/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 24, In Japan Toshiro Mifune (77), actor, died in Mitaka. His career included more than 130 films and television dramas.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A25)(AP, 12/24/98)
1997        Dec 24, In Pakistan two trains collided at Rustam Sargana in the eastern Punjab and killed at least 35 people and injured 100.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B4)

1997        Dec 25, Richard Bliss, a field technician for Qualcomm Inc. accused of spying in Russia, arrived in San Diego after Russian authorities were persuaded to let him return home. Russia said its investigation of Bliss continues.
    (AP, 12/25/98)
1997        Dec 25, Comedian Jerry Seinfeld announced plans to fold his highly successful NBC sitcom "Seinfeld" at the end of the season.
    (AP, 12/25/98)
1997        Dec 25, In Algeria Interior Minister Mustapha Benmansour announced that the ruling National Democratic Rally won 80 of 96 contested seats.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A19)
1997        Dec 25, A gale hit Britain and Ireland with 100 mph winds and 4 people were killed. A French fishing vessel was feared to have sunk off Wales.
    (WSJ, 12/26/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 25, From the Ivory Coast it was reported that early marriages in sub-Saharan Africa were still very common. Islamic law allows the marriage of girls as soon as they can conceive.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 25, A Russian Proton-K rocket failed 6 hours after launch and dumped the $100 million ASIASAT-3 satellite made by Hughes Space and Comm. Intl. for Asia Satellite Telecom. into a useless orbit. Engineers in May, 1998, planned to use gravity assist to send the satellite around the moon and back to a usable orbit.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.B2)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A7)
1997        Dec 25, In Sri Lanka fighting erupted in the north and at least 17 people were killed.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A16)
1997        Dec 25, In Zambia former president Kenneth Kaunda was confined to prison for 28 days on suspicion of being linked to the Oct 27 coup attempt.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A1)

1997        Dec 26, It was reported that the US Centers for Disease Control had begun work on a "Bird Flu" vaccine in response to the 9 confirmed cases and 4 deaths in Hong Kong.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.D1)
1997        Dec 26, From Texas it was reported that the Emu market had collapsed and that the 100-pound birds were roaming the countryside and being slaughtered by frustrated owners.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A4)
1997        Dec 26, In Japan Ichiro Ozawa, leader of the opposition Shinshinto, New Freedom Party, announced that the party would be disbanded.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A12)
1997        Dec 26, In Mexico sixteen Maya Indians were charged with first-degree murder in the Dec 22 massacre in Acteal.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 26, In Peru police reported that a Peruvian family hacked 2 Japanese students to death. The students had rowed on the Amazon for hundreds of miles with plans to reach Manaus.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 26, Badly battered South Korean financial markets surged after the International Monetary Fund and the Group of Seven countries agreed on $10 billion emergency loans to Seoul. The South Korean won closed up at 1,498 to the US dollar compared with 1,836 on Wednesday.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.D1)(AP, 12/26/98)

1997        Dec 27, Lower level talks between Turkish and Greek Cypriot officials were suspended by the Turkish Cypriots to protest the inclusion of the Greek side in EU membership.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A22)
1997        Dec 27, In Egypt Hassan Khalifa was sentenced to death for the 1993-94 murders of 26 policemen and 8 Romanian nationals. Rifaat Zeidan and Abdul-Hamid Othman, all members of al-Gamaa al-Islamiya, were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A17)
1997        Dec 27, In Italy Some 825 illegal immigrants, mostly Kurds, were rescued by Italian tugboats from the Turkish ship Ararat. They were attempting to smuggle into Italy from Turkey.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A19)
1997        Dec 27, The Laos kip plunged to about half its value since July when the Thai baht was devalued.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A15)
1997        Dec 27, In Mexico authorities charged Jacinto Arias Cruz, the mayor of Chenalho, and 23 supporters with murder of the villagers in Acteal.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 27, In Northern Ireland inmate Billy Wright (37), aka King Rat and Northern Ireland's most notorious Protestant militant, was shot and killed by another inmate of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), an IRA splinter group at the Maze prison. In 1998 3 Irish extremists, Christopher McWilliams, John Kennaway and John Glennon, were sentenced to life in prison for the killing.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)(AP, 12/27/98)
1997        Dec 27, In Northern Ireland masked killers shot and killed Seamus Dillon (45), a Catholic security guard at the Glengannon Hotel. Two other bouncers and a 14-year-old bar worker were wounded. The attack was a response to the killing of Billy Wright.
    (SFC, 12/29/97, p.A6)

1997        Dec 28, One woman was killed, more than 100 other people hurt, when a United Airlines jumbo jet en route from Tokyo to Honolulu encountered severe turbulence over the Pacific.
    (HN, 12/28/98)
1997        Dec 28, In Medford, Mass., a fire in a 3-story building left 6 people dead including 4 children.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 28, In Algeria assailants cut the heads off a man and his 2 sons in the village of Djelfa. They then kidnapped his wife and 3 young daughters. At Hassi Bahbah an armed group killed a mother and 2 children and left the father in critical condition.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)
1997         Dec 28, In Brazil inmates of the prison in Sorocaba took over and held over 600 hostages. They later dropped escape demands and agreed to be transported to less crowded prisons.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec 28, James Lees-Milne (b.1908), British biographer, architectural historian and watercolorist, died. His work included a biography of British politician Harold Nicolson. In 2001 Milnes "Deep Romantic Chasm: Diaries 1979-1981" was published. The final installment of his diaries, The Milk of Paradise, was published in 2006. In 2009 Michael Bloch authored James Lees-Milne: The Life.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.63)(WSJ, 7/1/06, p.P6)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.86)
1997        Dec 28, In Egypt the Health Ministry banned government certified doctors and health workers from performing female circumcision.
    (SFC, 12/29/97, p.A7)

1997        Dec 29, In Newport, Indiana, Orville Lynn Majors (36), a former nurse, was arrested for murder and suspected in the deaths of 130 out of 147 patients that died while he was on duty between 1993 and 1995. In 1999 Majors was convicted in the deaths of 6 patients in 1994 at Vermillion County Hospital and sentenced to 6 consecutive 60-year terms in jail.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.A2)(SFC, 10/18/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/16/99, p.A11)
1997        Dec 29, Intel cut the price of Pentium II-233 MHz from $401 to $268.
1997        Dec 29, In Algeria armed attackers stopped a bus and killed 14 passengers and the driver near Mascara. The bodies were then doused in gasoline and set on fire.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec 29, In Hong Kong the government planned to start killing over 1.4 million chickens to combat the new strain of avian flu. Four people had already died of the illness.
    (SFC, 12/29/97, p.A1)(AP, 12/29/98)
1997        Dec 29, In Kenya general elections were scheduled. The law required the winner to receive 25% of the vote. The elections were extended one day amid widespread delays and confusion at the polls. Two people were killed during a riot near Nairobi.
    (SFC,11/13/97, p.B2)(SFC,12/26/97, p.B7)(WSJ, 12/30/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 29, Turkmenistan and Iran activated a key 125 mile gas pipeline. Plans were to make it part of a network to Europe but for now the gas was only bound to northeastern Iran.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.B2)

1997        Dec 30, In Algeria marauders slit the throats of 34 people in Ain Boucif. Later reports raised the number killed near the city of Relizane to over 400 for this first day of Ramadan. The single deadliest massacre in Algeria's insurgency began in four mountain villages as armed men killed 412 men, women and children in an attack that lasted from dusk until dawn.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)(SFC, 1/3/98, p.A8) (AP, 12/30/98)
1997        Dec 30, China adopted new rules restricting the use of the Internet. Details forbade defamation of government agencies, the promotion of separatist movements, and the divulgence of state secrets. Also forbidden was pornography and prowling by hackers.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 30, In Italy Danilo Dolci, advocate of nonviolent social reform, died at age 73. His writings and poetry chronicled Sicilys beauty and despair. His books include: "Report From Palermo,"  "Waste," and "Sicilian Lives" (1981).
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A25)
1997        Dec 30, Russia signed an agreement to build a $3B nuclear power plant in China.
1997        Dec 30, In Serbia riot police dispersed thousands of Albanian students protesting in Pristina, who demanded the right to study in their own language.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 30, South Africa established diplomatic ties with China and ended formal ties with Taiwan.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 30, In Spain a judge accused 36 Argentine military and police officers of involvement in torture and the disappearance of 600 Spaniards during the dirty war from 1976-1983. Most of those named served in the ESMA, a torture center used by the military regime.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 30, In Vietnam hard-line Genl. Le Kha Phieu (66) replaced Do Muoi as the general secretary of the communist party, the countrys top leader.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)

1997        Dec 31, A federal judge in Texas ruled that parts of the 1996 Telecommunications Act are unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A1)
1997        Dec 31, Microsoft bought the Hotmail E-mail service.
1997        Dec 31, Michael L. Kennedy, 39-year-old son of the late US Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, was killed in a ski accident at Aspen, Colo.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/31/98)
1997        Dec 31, Pianist Floyd Cramer died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 64.
    (AP, 12/31/98)
1997        Dec 31, In Sorocaba, Brazil, riot troops stormed a prison where inmates held hundreds of hostages, quickly ending a three-day rebellion without any deaths.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A14)(AP, 12/31/98)
1997        Dec 31, China banned leaded gasoline in the whole Beijing area.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)
1997        Dec 31, The US State Dept. reported that Iraq had ordered the summary execution of "hundreds if not thousands" of political detainees in recent weeks. The exiled Iraqi Communist party in London said 1,500 prisoners were killed on Nov 21. The exiled Iraqi National Congress said 800 prisoners were recently executed. A former Dutch foreign minister and UN Human Rights investigator said about 200 were reportedly executed. Iraq denied the charges.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A18)
1997        Dec 31, In Kenya projected counts indicated that Moi would win the elections with about 40% of the vote. Former vice-president Mwai Kibaki had about 30%.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)
1997        Dec 31, Masked gunmen opened fire at the Clifton Tavern in Belfast and left one man dead and 5 wounded. The Loyalist Volunteer Force admitted killing Eddie Trainor (31) and wounding 5 others.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A16)(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A15)
1997        Dec 31, Rafiz Tarar won the presidential election with 374 votes in the National Assembly. He faced a Jan 12 court hearing on charges of defaming the judiciary last month. The Pakistan general election turnout was 34.4%.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A17)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A10)
1997        Dec 31, In Zambia former Pres. Kaunda (73) was released from prison and placed under house arrest.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)

1997        Dec, In Oakwood, Ill., a bomb at the Oakwood United Methodist Church killed Brian Plawer (46).
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.A1)
1997        Dec, In Argentina Alfredo Yabran sold his main businesses to a Cayman Islands-based holding company known as EXXEL for $600 million. He was believed to be the head of a powerful mafia empire. Former US ambassador Terence Todman was a representative of the EXXEL group. Todman was US secretary of Latin American Affairs in 1990 and called off the US Drug Enforcement Agency from pressuring Yabran, whose operations included airport customs operations, duty-free shops, cargo transportation and armored car services.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.A1,7)
1997        Dec, In England the 412-foot Britannia royal yacht was scheduled to be decommissioned at the end of the year.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec, The Caspian consortium had its funds frozen in the planned pipeline from Tengiz to the Black Sea after Russian rights of way were found to be far from completed. Russian fears of competition with its own Urals blend crude was suspected. The consortium consisted of the governments of Russia, Kazakstan, Oman and 8 oil companies, with most of the funding coming from the Western oil companies.
    (WSJ, 2/2/98, p.A18)
1997        Dec, In Italy word began to spread that Dr. Luigi Di Bella (85) had found a cure for cancer, a cocktail of drugs that stopped tumor growth.
    (WSJ, 4/21/98, p.A1)
1997        Dec, Toyota introduced its new hybrid car, the Prius, in Japan. The $17,000 car sold some 3,500 units in the first few weeks.
    (SFEC, 7/21/98, p.A1,9)
1997        Dec, In north-eastern Kenya  large numbers of cattle, goats and sheep began dying in the Garissa district. A month later people began dying as the Rift Valley Fever infected some 90,000 people. Hundreds died in 5 countries.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.83)
1997        Dec, In New Caledonia an outbreak of dengue fever began.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T14)
1997        Dec, An arms deal in principle between Russia and Yugoslavia was made in Moscow. The deal was later denied by the Foreign Ministry in Moscow.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.A10)(SFC, 3/26/98, p.B2)
1997        Dec, In Hargeysa, Somaliland, a mass grave with some 200 bodies was excavated.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A12)
1997        Dec, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a truck bomb that was targeting the navy commander at the Galle port area.
    (AFP, 10/19/06)

1997        Dec-2004 Jan, In 2005 Britains Guardian newspaper claimed that during this period a series of payments totaling $2,098,841 were made by BAE Systems PLC to former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 9/15/05)

1997        The Dallas Zoo claimed the largest sculpture in the state with a giant giraffe built by Robert Cassilly of St. Louis. His piece surpassed the giant statue of Sam Houston made by sculptor David Adickes.
    (WSJ, 1/18/06, p.A6)

1997        Gordon Newell, sculptor (92), completed his 9-ton granite that depicts the "flowing waters of the fountain of life" in Darwin, CA. near Death Valley.
    (SFEC, 6/8/97, Z1 p.5)

1997        Robert Colescott painted his aquatint "Pontchartrain."
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.C1)

1997        Frank Stella painted "Telepilus Laestrygonia II."
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.E5)

1997        "The Complete National Geographic" was published as a 30-CD set and priced at $199.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, BR p.6)

1997        "Garden Encyclopedia" was published and priced at $30.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, BR p.9)

1997        "Three Thousand Years of Chinese Painting" was published by Yale Univ.
    (SFEC,12/797, Par p.9)

1997        "The Chocolate Bible," by Christian Teubner, Karl Schumacher, Leopold Forsthofer, Silvio Rizzi, Eckart Witzigmann, and Sybil Grafin Schonfeldt was published.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, Z1 p.6)

1997        Joseph Albright and Maria Kunstel authored "Bombshell: The Secret Story of America's Unknown Spy Conspiracy." The book included the story of physicist Theodore Alvin Hall (d.1999), the youngest scientist to work on the A-bomb project at Los Alamos.
    (SFC, 11/11/99, p.D2)

1997        Deborah Blum published "Sex on the Brain: The Biological Differences Between Men and Women."
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, BR p.9)

1997        Alain de Botton authored the best-seller: "How Proust Can Change Your Life." It was the first literary self help book.
    (SFEC, 5/28/00, BR p.3)

1997        Gordon Brook-Shepherd published "The Austrians."
    (WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A16)

1997        Suzanne Brown Butters won the 1997 Eric Mitchell prize for her book: "The Triumph of Vulcan: Sculptors Tools, Porphyry and the Prince in Ducal Florence."
    (WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A20)

1997         Catherine Caufield wrote "Masters of Illusion: The World Bank and the Poverty of Nations."
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, BR p.1)

1997        Iris Chang (1968-2004) authored "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WW II."
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A1)

1997        Chronicle Books released a series of books on the Paris Jazz club, Aerobleu: "Pilots Journey" by the owner Max Morgan; "Observations from the Bar and Martini Diaries" by manager Leslie Ann Nash. Also published was "Jazz" by photographer William Claxton and "Seeing Jazz: Artists and Writers on Jazz."
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.6)

1997        In France Stephane Courtois led 11 scholars in the publication of the "Black Book of Communism." It was called the first global balance sheet of the "crimes, terror and repression" committed under communism. An English edition was published in 1999.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A19)(WSJ, 10/25/99, p.A50)

1997        Janine Benyus authored Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. She became one of the 1st to describe eco-friendly design ideas.
    (SSFC, 11/28/04, p.E3)

1997        Wayne Bert published "The Reluctant Superpower."
    (WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A20)

1997        Prof. Clayton Christensen (1952-2020) of the Harvard Business School, authored The Innovators Dilemma, a look at problems of innovation at large corporations. The books described his theories about the effect of what he called "disruptive innovation" on leading companies. The Economist called it one of the six most important business books ever written.
    (Econ, 4/24/04, p.71)(SFC, 1/27/20, p.D1)

1997        John Cronin and Robert F. Kennedy Jr. wrote "The Riverkeepers," a work on efforts to fight pollution on the Hudson River.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.E1)

1997        Prof. Arthur C. Danto published "After the End of Art: Contemporary Art and the Pale of History."
    (SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.9)

1997        Prof. Norman Davies of the Univ. of London wrote "Europe: A History."
    (Hem., 5/97, p.99)

1997        David Deutsch wrote "The Fabric of Reality." He says physics "tells us something new and bizarre about the nature of reality."
    (WSJ, 8/7/97, p.A12)

1997        Vincent Di Fate edited "Infinite Worlds: The Fantastic Visions of Science Fiction Art," a comprehensive history of otherworldly illustration from the 1840s to the present.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.6)

1997        Carl Djerassi, creator of the pill, published his novel "Menachem's Seed." In 1999 it was turned into a play titled "An Immaculate Misconception."
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, DB p.32)

1997        Kirk Douglas (80) wrote his book: "Climbing the Mountain: My Search for Meaning."
    (SFEC,11/2/97, DB p.52)

1997        Judith Dupre published "Bridges: A History of the Worlds Most Famous and Important Spans."
    (SFEC,12/797, Par p.6)

1997        William R. Everdell published "The First Moderns: Profiles in the Origins of Twentieth-Century Thought." It was a group portrait that included mathematicians Georg Cantor, Richard Dedeking and Gottlob Frege, physicist Ludwig Boltzmann, and such artists as Georges Seurat, Walt Whitman, Jules Laforgue and Arthur Rimbaud.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.8)

1997        Timothy Ferris wrote "The Whole Shebang: A State-of-the Universe(s) Report."
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.3)

1997        "Disclosing New Worlds" was written by Fernando Flores, Charles Spinosa and Hubert Dreyfus. They proclaimed entrepreneurs as the coming leaders of the world.
    (WSJ, 5/23/97, p.B1)

1997        Charles R. Geist published "Wall Street: A History."
    (WSJ, 10/9/97, p.A16)

1997        James Gleick authored "Chaos."
    (WSJ, 8/25/99, p.A15)

1997        Jim Goad authored "The Redneck Manifesto." It was about how it feels to grow up as white trash.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A21)

1997        Alan Greenspan wrote "The Future of Money in the Information Age."
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A18)

1997        Virologist Jaap Goudsmit of the Univ. of Amsterdam published "Viral Sex: The Nature of AIDS."
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, BR p.9)

1997        "One Mans America: A Journalists Search for the heart of His Country" by Henry Grunwald, former managing editor of Time Magazine and former US ambassador to Austria, was reviewed.
    (WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A18)

1997        Sir Alec Guiness, actor, published "My Name Escapes Me, The Diary of a Retiring Actor," based on notes from 1995-1996. Earlier he published his memoir: "Blessings in Disguise."
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.C7)

1997        "American Visions: The Epic History of Art in America" was written by Robert Hughes.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.1)

1997        "The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order" was written by Samuel P. Huntington. He asserted that "cultural communities were replacing Cold War blocs, and that the fault lines between civilizations were becoming the central lines of conflict in global politics."
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, BR p.10)

1997        "The Confession by Toshihide Iguchi" was published. He was the ex-Daiwa bond trader who lost some $1.1 billion between 1984-1995. The losses led to the banks expulsion from the US in 1995.
    (WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A14)

1997        Jane Holtz Kay authored "How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back."
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, p.C9)

1997        Japanese author Natsuo Kirino (b.1951) authored her crime novel Out. The books title clearly conveys the experience of being on the out-side of social groups. It became a bestseller.
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natsuo_Kirino)

1997        The English translation of "Making Waves" by Mario Vargas Llosa of Peru was reviewed. The work is a collection of essays that go back to 1962.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, BR p.5)

1997        J. Anthony Lukas (d.1997) published "Big Trouble," an account of the labor strife in Idaho in 1905 and the trial of union president Bill Haywood.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, BR p.1,6)

1997        Ernst Mayr wrote "This is Biology: The Science of the Living World."
    (NH, 5/97, p.11)

1997        H.R. McMaster (b.1962) authored Dereliction of Duty: Johnson, McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam. In 2017 General McMaster was named as the 26th national security advisor under Pres. Donald Trump.

1997        James Michener wrote "A Century of Sonnets."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1997        Jerome Mintz (d.1997 at 67), US anthropologist, published "Carnival, Song and Society: Gossip, Sexuality and Creativity in Andalusia." He had earlier produced 6 films about tradition and change in Andalusia.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A21)

1997        Castellanos Moya (b.1957), Honduras-born Salvadoran writer, authored Revulsion: Thomas Bernhard in San Salvador (El asco, Thomas Bernhard en El Salvador), a barbed monologue against everything Salvadoran.
    (SSFC, 5/25/08, Books p.1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horacio_Castellanos_Moya)

1997        Richard Morris wrote "Achilles in the Quantum Universe," a history of humankinds interpretation of infinity.
    (SFC, 7/14/97, p.E5)

1997        "The Great Wall and the Empty Fortress" by Andrew J. Nathan and Robert S. Ross was reviewed. It was an examination of Chinas current political role in intl. affairs.
    (WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A16)

1997        Jill Nelson wrote "Straight, No Chaser: How I became a Grown-Up Black Woman."
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, BR p.4)

1997        The adventure book "No Mercy: A Journey to the Heart of the Congo" by Redmond OHanlon was about his journey to the Republic of the Congo. It was compared to the 1993 adventure book by Rory Nugent.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.5)(WSJ, 6/23/97, p.A12)

1997        Roger Penrose wrote "the Large, The Small, and the Human Mind." He takes a "Platonist position to physics: "the universe depends for its existence on a perfect world of abstract mathematical ideas that some of us consciously commune with."
    (WSJ, 8/7/97, p.A12)

1997        Joseph Petulla (d.2001 at 68), environmental philosopher and former priest, authored "American Environmental History."
    (SFC, 6/21/01, p.C2)

1997        Steven Pinker published "How the Mind Works," a work on evolutionary psychology. "He asks how a human trait might have been designed to help propagate the genes that are presumably behind it."
    (WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A16)

1997        Roy Porter (1946-2002), British historian, authored The Greatest Benefit to Mankind, a survey of the history of medicine.
    (WSJ, 10/4/08, p.W8)

1997        The book "After Such Knowledge, What Forgiveness? My Encounters With Kurdistan" by Jonathan C. Randal was reviewed in the WSJ.
    (WSJ, 11/28/97, p.A8)

1997        Chinese author Li Rui had his novel "Silver City" translated into English.
    (WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A20)

1997        Klara Serikbayeva published a new "History of Kazakstan."
    (WSJ, 10/27/97, p.A14)

1997        Simon Singh authored "Fermat's Enigma."
    (WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)

1997        Judy Stone, film critic, published "Eye on the World: Conversations with Intl. Filmmakers."
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, BR p.5)

1997        The book "Endangered Mexico: An Environment on the Edge" by Joel Simon was reviewed.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.3)

1997        "Creature Features" by John Stanley was published. It was a comprehensive catalog of horror and sci-fi films.
    (SFEM, 3/2/97, p.8)

1997        "The Fight in the Fields" by Susan Ferris and Ricardo Sandoval told the story of Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers (UFW).
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.35)

1997        The book "Nazi Gold" by Tom Bower was published in the US.
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)

1997        Wade Davis in his 1997 book: "One River: Explorations and Discoveries in the Amazon Rain Forest," described the Ika and Kogi tribes in the Amazon rain forest of Colombia.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.T8)

1997        Anthony Grafton published ""The Footnote: A Curious History."
    (WSJ, 12/1/97, p.A20)

1997        John Grisham published "The Partner," the best-selling hardcover fiction work of the year.
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R23)

1997        The book "The Dark Side of Camelot" by Seymour Hersh was published. Hersh excluded controversial documents known as the "JFK Papers" that were reportedly found in the files of the late New York lawyer Lawrence Cusack. In 1999 Lawrence X. Cusack III was found guilty of selling forged documents concerning JFK and Marilyn Monroe.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.A12)(SFEC,11/23/97, p.A8)(SFC, 5/1/99, p.A2)

1997        Peter Kwong published "Forbidden Workers: Illegal Chinese Immigrants and American Labor."
    (WSJ, 12/31/97, p.A8)

1997        "Power and Virtue: The Horse in Chinese Art," by Robert E. Harrist, Jr. was published. Also published was "When Silk Was Gold: Central Asian and Chinese Textiles," by Anne E. Wardwell and James C.Y. Watt.
    (NH, 9/97, p.14)

1997        Bob Johnson (d.1998 at 78), WW II flying ace, published "Thunderbolt."
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D4)

1997        Peter Lang published "Communal Organization and Social Transformation." It documented the counterculture over 30 months at the end of the 60s.
    (SFC, 8/10/98, p.A10)

1997        Elmore Leonard published his novel "Cuba Libre." It was set in Cuba at the outset of the Spanish American War.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.6)

1997        Norman Mailer published his novel "The Gospel According to the Son."
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, BR p.5)

1997        J.W. Marriott Jr. authored his autobiography The Spirit to Serve: Marriotts Way.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.102)

1997        Frank McCourt, a retired New York schoolteacher, won the Pulitzer Prize for his memoir "Angelas Ashes." It was based on his childhood in Limerick from age 14-19. It was the best-selling nonfiction, hardback book of the year.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.T11)(WSJ, 4/24/98, p.W14)

1997        Uri Savir, Israeli negotiator, authored "The Process: The Story of Oslo from A to Z."
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.A8)

1997        Dr. Laura Schlessinger, radio show host and physiologist, published "Ten Stupid Things Men Do to Mess Up Their Lives."
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, Z1 p.3)

1997        Michael Shermer authored "Why People Believe Weird Things."
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.F4)

1997        Don Tapscott authored Growing Up Digital: The Rise of the Net Generation.
    (Econ, 11/15/08, p.98)

1997        The novel "Toward the End of Time" by John Updike was published and set in the year 2020.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, BR p.5)

1997        Peter Watson authored Sothebys: The Inside Story.
    (WSJ, 10/29/04, p.A15)

1997        "The History of Money" by Jack Weatherford was published.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.5)

1997        William C. Taylor and Alan M. Weber published "Going Global: Four Entrepreneurs Map the New World Marketplace." In the book venture capitalist John Doerr divided risk into 4 parts: technical risk, market risk, people risk and financing. He listed the 5 attributes of great companies as: a commitment to technical excellence, experienced management, strategic focus on a growing market, reasonable financings, and a sense of urgency.
    (SFEM,11/2/97, p.48)

1997        Michael Willis authored "Islamist Challenge In Algeria; A Political History." Hardcover, 448 pages. In recent years, like many countries caught between the tides of fundamentalist religion and secular culture, Algeria has been rocked by social upheaval, protest, spasmodic violence, and terrorist activity. Middle East scholar Michael Willis here charts the meteoric rise of one of the largest and most powerful Islamist movements in the Muslim world. Pub: New York University Press.
    (WWW, 12/19/98)

1997        "Headline Justice" by Theo Wilson (c1919-1997) was published. The book tells about her life as a journalist primarily at the New York Daily News.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.A16)

1997        Charles Wolfe published "The Devils Box," a definitive work about old time fiddling.
    (WSJ, 6/25/98, p.A20)

1997        Eve Ensler won an Obie award for her play "The Vagina Monologues."
    (SFEM, 10/18/98, p.4)

1997        The play "How I Learned to Drive" by Paula Vogel won all the off-Broadway awards for best play.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A20)

1997        The Broadway production "Side Show" made its debut. It was written by Bill Russell and composed by Henry Krieger. It was based on the lives of Daisy and Violet Hilton (1908-1969), Siamese twins who performed during the 20s, 30s and 40s.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, DB p.35,37)

1997        The Mike Newell film Donnie Brasco with Al Pucino and Johnny Depp opened. It was based on a true story of an FBI agent, Joseph D. Pistone, who infiltrated the mob in 1976 and wrote Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia in 1988.
    (SFC, 1/24/97, p.D4)(SFC, 2/24/97, p.E2)(SFEC, 3/2/97, DB p.48)

1997        Matraca Berg wrote her song "Strawberry Wine," which became a major hit sung by Deana Carter.
    (WSJ, 9/23/97, p.A20)

1997        The Buena Vista Social Club, a Cuban recording group organized by Ry Cooder, released its debut album. In 1999 the documentary film "Buena Vista Social Club" was made by Wim Wenders.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.B1)

1997        Taj Mahal put out his 36th album, "Senor Blues."
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.9)

1997        The album "Uncommon Ritual" featured bassist Edgar Meyer, Bela Fleck on banjo and Mike Marshall on mandolin.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A20)

1997        Peter Schickele, aka P.D.Q. Bach, composed his Symphony No. 1, "Songlines."
    (SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.11)

1997        Rev. Jimmy Creech, a United Methodist pastor, performed a union ceremony for a lesbian couple in Omaha. Creech was defrocked in 1999 for marrying 2 men in North Carolina in violation of Church law.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.A6)

1997        Construction of a chemical weapons incinerator at the Oregon Army Umatilla Munitions Depot was scheduled to begin.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A18)

1997        Mitchell Wolfson (b.1939) donated his Wolfsonian Museum, a collection of decorative art and political propaganda, to Florida Intl. Univ. He restricted his art objects to those made between 1880 and 1945 illustrating the evolution of modern Western design.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchell_Wolfson,_Jr.)

1997        In Le Roy, N.Y., the Jell-O Museum opened.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A2)

1997        Eric Prince founded Blackwater, a private military contractor. He sold the firm in 2010.
    (Econ, 11/23/13, p.65)

1997        The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) was founded in Boston by the United States-based non-profits Ceres (formerly the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies) and Tellus Institute, with the support of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). It focused on metrics that shoe the impact of firms on society and the planet. In 2002 GRI moved its secretariat to Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Reporting_Initiative)(Econ., 10/3/20, p.56)

1997        Netflix, a service offering online flat rate DVD and Blu-ray disc rental-by-mail and video streaming in the US, was founded in Scotts Valley, Ca., by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings, who previously had worked together at Pure Software, along with Mitch Lowe. The Netflix website was launched in April 1998.  As of 2010 it has amassed a collection of 100,000 titles and approximately 10 million subscribers.

1997        Heidi Kuhn of San Rafael, Ca., founded Roots of Peace, an anti-land mine organization.
    (SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A9)

1997        In Santa Monica, California, Heidi Lemmon (45) founded the Skatepark Association to promote skateboard parks.
    (WSJ, 7/3/00, p.A1)

1997        The Clinton Foundation was formed to fund Pres. Clintons presidential library. It later morphed into a sprawling philanthropic conglomerate.
    (Econ, 10/1/16, p.25)

1997        Endeavor, a New York-based non-profit group dedicated to promoting entrepreneurship in emerging economies, was founded. Initial operations began in Argentina and Chile with seed capital from Stephan Schmidheiny, a Swiss industrialist.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.69)

1997        Michael Jordan became the highest paid athlete with a $31.3 million contract to play basketball for the Chicago Bulls.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)

1997        The Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team was sold to News Corp. for $350 million.
    (WSJ, 11/7/97, p.B9)

1997        Ray F. Smith (d.1999 at 71), entomologist, won the annual $250,000 World Food Foundation prize for his contributions to integrated pest management and reduced insecticide use.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A21)

1997        The US Congress amended a 1930 trade law to explicitly ban the importation of products made with child labor.
    (WSJ, 9/9/98, p.A1)

1997        US Congress established the federally funded State Childrens Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) to help children whose families were just above the poverty line.

1997        The US launched a Cuban democracy program. It sought to evade the countrys information blockade by sneaking in computers, cell phones, DVD players and other communications equipment to the island. Since 1997 USAID grantees have worked with solidarity committees around the world to call for international support for Cuba's peaceful activists.
    (www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/congress/2003_hr/19708.htm)(SFC, 12/26/09, p.A8)

1997        The US State Dept. designated the Iranian National Liberation Army (NLA), the armed wing of the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), a terrorist organization.
    (SFC, 5/6/00, p.A14)

1997        The Leahy Amendment was signed into law. Sponsored by Senator Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., it allowed the US to withhold funds to any unit of a country's security forces that commits human rights violations.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.A12)

1997        The US Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act was passed. It required civil war emigrants of the 1980s to face interviews in 1998 on their eligibility to stay in the US.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A14)

1997        The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 created the Roth IRA, named for William V. Roth (R., Del.). It allowed after tax contributions to grow tax deferred and to be used after 5 years for various reasons.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.B9A)

1997        The Joint Direct Attack Munkition (JDAM) became operational under a joint US Air Force-Navy program. It was GPS for guidance and was 1st used in Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A10)

1997        The FBI began Operation Black Widow to infiltrate the Nuestra Familia gang. This led to indictments of 22 members in 2001.
    (SFC, 11/29/03, p.A15)

1997        A US federal judge allowed a lawsuit to proceed against Unocal, accusing the oil company of complicity in human rights abuses on the Yadana project in Myanmar. The decision opened the door to suing US corporations on their behaviour overseas.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.D1)

1997        The US began upgrading its GPS system with the deployment of a new generation of satellites known as GPS-3 with accuracy to 30cm.
    (Econ., 7/18/20, p.34)

1997        In Alabama Federal Judge Ira DeMent ordered public schools in DeKalb County to stop evangelizing students. Gov. Fob James vowed to resist the order. Negotiator Charles Haynes was brought in and helped settle the dispute with a program that taught about religions and their value systems with no preaching.
    (WSJ, 3/23/98, p.A1)

1997        A jury convicted Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitcher, and his business partner of stealing $3 million from a pension fund.

1997        Community Newspaper Holdings was formed in Birmingham, Alabama. By 2006 it published papers in over 200 US communities.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.C3)

1997        San Francisco artist Brian Goggin created his work Defenstration, featuring furniture hung as if falling form the Hugo Hotel at Sixth and Howard. The hotel, built in 1909, had closed in 1988 due to a fire. The project was deconstructed in 2014 to make way for new housing.
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.D1)(SFC, 6/4/14, p.E1)
1997        The 1982 George Rickey sculpture Double L Eccentric Gyratory was placed outside the new SF Main Library.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, DB p.37)
1997        Robert Voss wrote the ballad The Bridge: Golden Gate. It was later adopted as the official bridge song.
    (SFC, 7/8/02, p.B3)
1997        In San Francisco the 2nd Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize was awarded to Patrick Smith and his book Japan: A Reinterpretation.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.2)
1997        Ariella Ben-Dov began the MadCat Womans International Film Festival in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 9/4/02, p.D1)
1997        In SF the 1860 St. Francis of Assisi church in North Beach, closed in 1993, was reborn as a national shrine to St. Francis, the only sanctioned shrine outside his Italian hometown.
    (SSFC, 11/20/05, p.B3)
1997        SF adopted a Waterfront Master Plan.
    (SFC, 3/25/99, p.A27)
1997        The Alameda Naval Air Station in Alameda, Ca., closed as part of a wave of military base closures nationwide.
    (SFC, 8/24/09, p.C4)
1997        The contents of a San Francisco police promotion exam were leaked and Inspector Henry Kirk was charged for violating a federal secrecy oath. The charges against Kirk were dropped in 1999. Sgt. Dan Gardner revealed the leak with an anonymous call and was charged with misconduct for improper notification.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A17)(SFC, 7/3/99, p.A16)
1997        Bruce Tomb acquired the former San Francisco Mission Police Station at 23rd and Valencia in a winning bid against developers who wanted to tear down the 8,000-square-foot precinct headquarters. It had been vacated in 1994 for a new structure at 17th and Valencia.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.F1,3)
1997        The new San Francisco charter school, Leadership High, was scheduled to open for 100 9th graders.
    (SFC, 2/7/97, p.A21)
1997        In San Francisco the transitional high school at 1950 Mission, corner of 16th St., was renamed Phoenix High.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A19)
1997        The Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco was renamed the Pacific Exchange.
    (SSFC, 1/25/04, p.I3)
1997        Global Strategies Group, a SF brokerage firm under financial pressure to keep afloat, allegedly established a loan deal with the Gambino family mob for $500,000. The firm shut down completely in 1998 amidst an FBI investigation.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)
1997        Levi Strauss & Co. abandoned the Saddleman building in downtown SF after 7 employees developed breast cancer. The reason for the move was not revealed until 1999 when a study was completed that showed no link between the building and employee cancers.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.A17)
1997        Netflix, a service offering online flat rate DVD and Blu-ray disc rental-by-mail and video streaming in the US, was founded in Scotts Valley, Ca., by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings, who previously had worked together at Pure Software, along with Mitch Lowe. The Netflix website was launched in April 1998.  As of 2010 it has amassed a collection of 100,000 titles and approximately 10 million subscribers.
1997        In Vallejo, Ca., several areas of the 5,000-acre Mare Island were converted to a film studio for the shooting of the film "Sphere" by Barry Levinson. The old Navy shipyard had produced 513 ships and was being closed down.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.E1)
1997        Chuy Campusano, muralist, died at age 52. His work was nonrepresentational and an example was at the Bank of America at 23rd and Mission.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A13)
1997        Dr. Julio and Amalia Palmaz purchased the Cedar Knoll winery in Napa, Ca. They then proceeded to build an 100,000 square-foot underground wine operation, despite neighbors protests, estimated to cost $20 million. Dr. Palmaz was internationally know for inventing the balloon-expandable coronary stent. In 2008 Palmaz Vineyards produced some 6,000 cases of Cabernet and 1,000 cases of white wines costing from $32 to $150 a bottle.
    (SFC, 1/2/09, p.W8)
1997        In California a San Mateo County Superior Court judge dismissed a lawsuit filed by 195 residents and former residents of Daly Citys Midway Village, who claimed they deserved compensation from PG&E and the county housing department. The court said plaintiffs had not established that exposure to toxic waste had caused their illnesses.
    (SFC, 3/2/09, p.B5)
1997        The SF Bay Area Concord Naval Weapons Station was decommissioned. Arsenic and other contaminants remained to be cleared following decades worth of heavy explosives.
    (SFC, 3/19/16, p.A1)

1997        Jim Brainard, the Republican mayor of Carmel, Indiana, built the citys first roundabout. By 2021 Brainard was serving a 7th term and the city had 140 roundabouts, with a dozen still to come. .Brainard had studied at the University of Oxford in the 1980s and he became taken with European traffic flow.
    (NY Times, 11/21/21)

1997        Iowa passed a Defense of Marriage Act that defined marriage as a union between a man and a woman.
    (SFC, 12/16/03, p.A9)

1997        In Nebraska a state trooper pulled over William Arthur Kirkpatrick for doing 7 mph over the limit and found evidence of bank robbery and $1.8 million in cash. Kirkpatrick and his partner Ray Lewis Bowman were tried in 1998. The FBI suspected them for some 28 robberies that netted $8 million dating back to 1982.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.C18)

1997        David Yermack, an economist at NYU, found that some companies had granted stock options to executives just before a jump in share prices. In 2006 numerous corporations faced inquiries in a major options backdating scandal.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.56)

1997        In Pennsylvania Ghassan Saleh escaped from a federal prison near Bradford while working on a grounds crew. He had been serving a sentence of almost six years after being convicted of cocaine trafficking in Michigan. In November, 2017, Saleh (66) was arrested after flying into New York City from Lebanon, his native country.
    (AP, 12/20/17)

1997        Kelli Cox (20), a student at the Univ. of North Texas, disappeared. She was one of four young women disappeared in Oklahoma and Texas over a four-month period. The others included Tiffany Johnson (19), Jessica Cain (17) and Laura Smither (12). In 2016 William Lewis Reece led police to the graves of Cox and Cain. In 2017 Reece was indicted for the murder of Cox.
    (SSFC, 12/17/17, p.A8)

1997        AOL launched Instant Messenger (AIM), an instant messaging and presence computer program. It used the proprietary OSCAR instant messaging protocol and the TOC protocol to allow registered users to communicate in real time.
    (SFC, 2/11/10, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AOL_Instant_Messenger)

1997        Baby Einstein, a maker of electronic media, was founded. In 2001 it was acquired by the Walt Disney Co. and expanded to a full line of media including DVDs that were advertised as educational for babies and toddlers. Disney later dropped the educational claims. In 2009 Disney, threatened with a class-action lawsuit, agreed to refund $15.99 apiece for up to four Baby Einstein DVDs per household bought between June 5, 2004, and Sep 4, 2009.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A10)

1997        Cromwell Coulson and other investors purchased the National Quotation Bureau, which kept track of US stocks in unlisted companies. The quotes, distributed on pink colored sheets of paper, had dwindled to 1,500 listings. Coulson later renamed the company to Pink Sheets LLC.
    (WSJ, 12/17/05, p.B1)

1997        Deere & Co. opened a corporate museum in Moline, Ill.
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A1)

1997        Enron Corp. won exemption from the Investment Company Act of 1940 which allowed it to leave debt from foreign power plants off its books.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.D1)
1997        Jeffrey Skilling became Enrons chief operating officer, reporting to Kenneth Lay, until he replaced Mr. Lay as CEO in 2001.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.61)
1997        Enron formed New Power Holdings to take advantage of the imminent opening to competition of retail electricity markets around the US.
    (WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A1)
1997        Richard Kinder left Enron and founded Kinder Morgan based on interlocking master limited partnerships. By 2013 his stake was $9 billion and the companys enterprise value reached $109 billion.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.29)

1997        Equifax Corp. spun off its ChoicePoint Division, which collected personal data on American consumers. ChoicePoint had purchased CDB Infotek in 1996 and DBT in 2000. Much of this data was sold to police departments and the FBI.
    (WSJ, 4/13/01, p.A6)

1997        GM reintroduced the Malibu in an effort to regain sales in the midsize sedan market. It had been discontinued in 1983.
    (WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)

1997        Mattels "Barbie Fashion Designer," a computer game for girls, became the No.1 childrens game.
    (WSJ, 10/30/98, p.W11)

1997        Scott Kurnit founded About.com, a web site for information originally known as the Mining Company. The New York Times Company bought About.com in 2005.
    (WSJ, 7/7/99, p.A23)(Econ, 8/18/12, p.59)

1997        The Gates Learning Foundation was announced. The foundation planned to put computers with Microsoft software into all the public libraries of the country along with internet access. The donations were a one-time gift with free software upgrades as long as the hardware lasted.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A10)

1997        Alexander Pircher, a student in Darmstadt, Germany, created a web site called Anonymouse.org, which allowed users to type in a Web address in a box and with a click the Anonymouse server fetches and displays the page. This allowed anonymous Web searches.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, TQ p.3)

1997        Hearst Corp. purchased WPBF-TV in West Palm Beach, Florida. Hearst also entered into an agreement with Argyle Television to form Hearst-Argyle Television Inc.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1997        Lockheed began rolling out its new fighter jet, the F/A-22. Production plans were cut to 339 planes. In 2003 the level cut to 276.
    (WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A1)

1997        The Knott family sold their Orange County Knotts Berry Farm amusement park, the oldest theme amusement park in the US, to Cedar Fair in Ohio.
    (SFC, 5/11/02, p.A22)

1997        Ruth Parasol, American lawyer, founded PartyGaming. The firm took off in 2002 after it developed proprietary software that allowed play over the Internet. In 2005 it had a profit of $293 million. In June, 2005, it listed on the London Stock Exchange.
    (Econ, 10/7/06, p.77)

1997        PepsiCo Inc. introduced Lays potato chips in China.
    (WSJ, 12/19/05, p.A6)

1997        The online company Priceline was founded with the idea to let consumers bid for hotel rooms and flights. In 2005 it acquired Booking.com, a Dutch website that aggregates hotel inventory. In 2012 it acquired Kayak, an aggregator of travel listings. In 2017 the market value of Priceline passed $100 billion.
    (Econ 7/29/17, p.53)

1997        Sony Music began to sell music online.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.67)

1997        Wal-Mart purchased Wertkauf, a prestigious German chain store. This acquisition was followed by the purchase of Interspar, another German chain store. In 2006 Wal-Mart ended its German operations selling its 85 German stores to Metro.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.54)

1997        The Zippo Manufacturing Co. opened a Zippo museum in Bradford, Pa., to celebrate its 65th anniversary.
    (Hem., 10/97, p.78)

1997        Gary Hudson (47) bet everything he had on the Roton rocket, a reuseable rocket tipped with rotor blades and some 100 fuel nozzles. It cost over $60 million and never reached over a mile in test flights. In 2002 Elizabeth Weil authored "They All Laughed at Christopher Columbus: An Incurable Dreamer Builds the First Civilian Spaceship."
    (SSFC, 12/1/02, p.M3)

1997        Philippe Kahn, founder of Borland Software (1983), pioneered the camera phone when he connected his digital camera to a cell phone.
    (SFC, 5/21/07, p.C2)

1997        Darioush Khaledi, a successful immigrant grocer, started his Darioush Winery in Napa, Ca. In 2004 a new visitors center was opened to evoke the spirit of his native Irans ancient capital of Persepolis.
    (SFC, 3/21/08, p.F3)

1997        The Rezulin pill for diabetes, made by Warner-Lambert, was first found to cause fatalities due to liver failure in some patients.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A2)

1997        Snowflakes, the 1st embryo-adoption program in the US, began matching donor embryos to infertile women.
    (NW, 4/24/03, p.53)

1997        Dr. Johan Hultin (72) of San Francisco found remnants of the 1918 Spanish flu in the lungs of a corpse buried in the permafrost of a cemetery in Alaska. An earlier effort at Brevig Mission in 1951 had failed.
    (SFC, 10/6/05, p.A14)

1997        A British team discovered that pig viruses can infect human cells.
    (WSJ, 8/28/00, p.B1)

1997        Prionics AG of Switzerland developed the 1st efficient test for mad cow disease, bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
    (WSJ, 1/08/00, p.A23)

1997        The last US manufacturer of cellophane went bankrupt due to the cheaper petroleum-based polypropylene.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.D7)

1997        In New Jersey Sam Manzie (15) raped, strangled and killed Eddie Werner (11) after Werner rebuffed sexual advances during a candy and gift wrap sales pitch. Manzie pleaded guilty to strangling Werner in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.A6)

1997        Kathy Acker (b.1948), bad-girl writer, died. In 2002 Amy Scholder and Dennis Cooper edited "Essential Acker: The Selected Writings of Kathy Acker."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M4)

1997        Thomas Mellon Evans (b.1910), financier, died. In 2000 his story was included in "The white Sharks of Wall Street" by Diana B. Henriques.
    (WSJ, 6/14/00, p.A24)

1997        Elspeth Huxley (b.1907), English author, died. Her books included "The Flame Trees of Thika." In 2003 C.S. Nicholls authored "Elspeth Huxley: A Biography."
    (SSFC, 8/10/03, p.M2)

1997        Kihoshi Saito (b.1907), Japanese woodblock artist, died.

1997        In Albania mass disorder following the collapse of several large Ponzi schemes and the overthrow of the government left some 2,000 people dead this year.
    (Econ, 2/6/15, p.41)
1997        Albania held a referendum to restore the monarchy. A third of voters were in favor.
    (Econ., 10/31/20, p.47)

1997        In Argentina the New Order Party, a fascist political group, was founded by Alejandro Franze.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A10)

1997        In Armenia the game of Bingo was introduced and became a big hit.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.A25)
1997        Armenias population was about 3 mil. The enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan had 150,000 Armenians.
    (WSJ, 3/31/97, p.A10)

1997        The Australian film "The Castle" was directed by Rob Sitch.
    (SFEC, 9/24/00, DBp.59)
1997        In Australia a national inquiry said policies removing Aboriginal children from their parents caused massive trauma to 100,000 children and their families, and recommended the "stolen generation" be compensated. The final report, "Bringing Them Home - Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families" was released. PM John Howard refused an official apology.
    (AP, 1/31/08)
1997        Australias Macquarie Island, located about halfway between Australia and Antarctica, was designated a World Heritage site as the world's only island composed entirely of oceanic crust. It is known for its wind-swept landscape, and about 3.5 million seabirds and 80,000 elephant seals migrate there each year to breed. In 2009 researchers said a 1995 decision to eradicate cats from Macquarie island allowed the rabbit population to explode and, in turn, destroy much of its fragile vegetation that birds depend on for cover.
    (AP, 1/13/09)
1997        Australian businessman Alan Bond was sentenced to four years in prison on charges of fraud.
    (Econ, 6/13/15, p.62)

1997        In Belarus inflation for the year ranged around 63%. The government forced all private companies to reregister their licenses and didnt allow many of them to stay in business. Of an estimated 212,504 private companies and individual businesses, 123,869 closed up in 1997. Cheap credit and privileged trade access to Russia kept the  "Lukanomics" economy growing at a 10% rate, but the growth was not expected to be sustainable.
    (WSJ, 2/23/98, p.A19)

1997         The population of Belize was about 230,000.
    (WSJ, 5/10/96, p.B-8)

1997        Bolivia began registering ships under the Bolivian flag with virtually no restrictions.
    (WSJ, 10/23/02, p.A1)

1997        In Bosnia a French military officer held secret meetings with Radovan Karadzic and foiled an Allied forces planned attempt to capture Karadzic. US Army Genl. Wesley Clark, the Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, called off the plan due to undue risk after he learned about the secret meetings.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)

1997        The state of Amazonas, Brazil, formed the Amazona Filarmonica with a core of musicians from the former Soviet Union.
    (WSJ, 11/23/98, p.A1)
1997        In Sao Paulo, Brazil, Lourenco "Rambo" Gambra, a policeman, was filmed by an amateur cameraman stopping cars and extorting money and killing a passenger in the Naval slum.
    (SFC, 9/21/98, p.A14)
1997        Brazils government eliminated export taxes on commodities. Costs fell 10-20% creating a huge stimulus for agriculture. The Asian crises had reduced commodity demand and the central bank fought to defend the real, increasing overnight interest rates to an annual 40% and killing growth.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.74)(Econ, 11/14/09, SR p.5)
1997         Jose Rainha, a land reform advocate in the Landless Workers Movement (MST), was sentenced to 26.5 years in prison for the 1989 killing of Jose Machado Neto. Rainha argued that he was in another state with witnesses and that the squatters acted in self defense, but was still convicted in a 4-3 vote. A retrial was scheduled in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)(SFC, 4/4/00, p.A10)
1997        Honda Motors planned to start producing cars in Brazil by this time.
    (WSJ, 11/17/95, p.A-11)

1997        Britains Labour party said it would cut British 20% off greenhouse gas emissions by 2010 as compared to 1990 levels. Emissions between 1999 and 2005 remained unchanged.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.59)
1997        Gordon Brown became chancellor of Britain. Brown staged an infamous pensions tax grab by eliminating the tax credit on dividend payments.
    (Econ, 12/13/03, p.53)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.94)
1997        Britain set up the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC) to deal with appeals when the home secretary had directed that a person be deported on national security grounds.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.55)
1997        Britain created its Department for Intl. Development (DfID). A legally mandated formula allocated it 0.7% of national income.
    (Econ, 4/15/17, p.50)
1997        In England Neil Monroe Roger (aka Bunny Roger), a dandy, gay couturier, died at age 86. He maintained a serious pursuit of ancient, medieval and ecclesiastical history. His wardrobe was auctioned in 1998 with an estimated value of $2.5 mil.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, p.A8)

1997        The Cameroon film Clandestine (Clando) was made by Jean-Marie Teno.
    (SFEM, 9/28/97, p.17)
1997        In Cameroon Eric Atangana, sent to the country in 1994 by his French employers in connection with a highway development project, was arrested. This was a little after the detention of Titus Edzoa, a loyalist-turned-foe of Pres. Paul Biya. Atangana was Edzoas campaign manager. Edzoa and Atangana were released in late February, 2014.
    (AFP, 2/28/14)

1997        Ontarios Premier forced the municipal merger of Toronto, East York, Scarborough, York, Etobicoke and North York.
    (SFC, 12/8/97, p.A15)
1997        Quebec, Canada, introduced a highly subsidized, early childhood education program for all.
    (Econ, 6/25/16, p.68)
1997        ING Direct, an online banking service under Dutch parent ING Groep NV, was launched in Canada. In 2000 it began operations in the US from Wilmington, Del. By the end of 2007 it had over 7 million customers and $62 billion in deposits. In 2008 Arkadi Kuhlman, INGs US chief, and Bruce Philp, chairman of ING Directs marketing partner, authored The Orange Code: How ING direct Succeeded by Being a Rebel with a Cause.
    (WSJ, 12/10/08, p.A17)

1997        The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program was initiated. The 8-member group included Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

1997        Peggy Yu (32) returned to Beijing from NYC and founded Dangdang.com. By 2003 the company was China's biggest online bookseller.
    (Econ, 8/23/03, p.52)
1997        Shen Qing perfected his baked pig's head with 30 herbs and spices. He successfully opened restaurants to serve the dish and registered it with the Chinese State Patent Bureau.
    (WSJ, 5/11/99, p.A1)
1997        China amended its criminal code. It abolished the crime of being a counter-revolutionary and made the crime of inciting subversion of state power an offence under Article 105(2).
    (http://crd-net.org/Article/Class9/Class10/200903/20090306133405_14109.html)(Econ 7/15/17, p.38)
1997        China established a national social security system whereby each province managed its own social security fund.
    (WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A10)
1997        Chinese authorities in Tibet ordered nuns to leave the 800 year-old Rakhor nunnery and everything except the main assembly hall was destroyed.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.E9)
1997        China decriminalized homosexuality. The Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders removed homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses on April 20, 2001.
    (Econ, 6/20/09, p.43)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homosexuality_in_China)
1997        China began to allow consumer loans.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.72)
1997        Chinas vitamin makers got a big break following a US Justice Dept. investigation of European and Japanese companies for price fixing dozens of vitamins. On May 20, 1999, the antitrust case resulted in $750 million in government fines and several jail terms for executives.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A16)
1997        A study discovered that the water tables beneath much of northern China were shrinking by about 5 feet every year.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A12)
1997        China began investing in Sudan following US sanctions there. By 2005 Sudan provided China with about 5% if its oil imports.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.A2)
1997        China declared that a committee of experts had located Shangri-La in the Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province. A 25,000-square-mile area was set aside to be called the Great Rivers National Park. The site was selected based on evidence that it was the area originally described for National Geographic by American ethnologist James Rock in the 1920s and 1930s.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A22)
1997        In China a freshwater dolphin in the Yangtze River, known as the Baiji dolphin, was last reliably sighted. Estimates said only about 17 of the 6-foot dolphins remained. The white dolphin had been known for centuries in Chinese legend as the Goddess of the Yangtze.
    (WSJ, 12/6/06, p.A1)
1997        Executions in China totaled about 3,000 for the year. China executed at least 1,876 people in 1977.
    (SFC, 9/4/98, p.D4)(SFC, 9/1/00, p.D5)

1997        Colombias congress reinstated extradition with the US under intense US pressure. The law would was not to be applied retroactively.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)
1997        Colombias constitutional court decriminalized doctor-assisted dying, but gave no guidance on when it would be acceptable.
    (Econ, 6/27/15, p.17)
1997        Colombias FARC commanders began an urban extortion program. Their demanded payments from businessmen came to be called la vacuna (vaccine).
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B8)
1997        In Colombia Chiquita Brands Intl. began paying the AUC paramilitaries after it threatened attacks. In 2001 the US designated the AUC a foreign terrorist organization. In 2003 Chiquita reported illegal payments to the AUC to the Justice department, but continued payments to Feb, 2004.
    (WSJ, 8/2/07, p.A1)

1997        In Congo Laurent Kabila appointed his son, Joseph Kabila, as head of the army.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.A14)
1997        The Congolese franc replaced the hyperinflated zaire.
    (Econ, 1/14/17, p.41)

1997        In Corsica the Sampieru militant group attacked a police station. A stolen Beretta pistol was used in 1998 to kill Claude Erignac.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.A10)

1997        Intel opened a factory in the rain forest of Costa Rica. In 2014 Intel announced plans to move its Costa Rican assembly and test operations to Malaysia, Vietnam and China. 1,400 employees remained in Costa Rica in centers for global services as well as design and engineering.
    (Econ, 4/19/14, p.33)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.16)

1997        Gunvor, a Cyprus-registered commodities dealer, was created by Russian oil trader Gennady Timchenko and Swedish oil trader Torbjorn Tornqvist. By 2011 its revenues had grown to $80 billion.
    (Econ, 5/5/12, p.59)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunvor_%28company%29)

1997        In the Czech Rep. Tomas Harabis, an itinerant photographer, founded the faux kingdom of Wallachia and crowned Bolek Polivka, an actor and clown, as king of Wallachia. Polivka had already crowned himself the Wallachian king, Boleslav I, the Gracious Forever, on his TV show. In 2002 Polivka went to court over the kingdoms trademark. In 2008 a court ruled the Polivka has no right to profit from any association with the kingdom.
    (SFC, 2/2/09, p.A2)
1997        An alleged deal to ship Czech radar systems to Iraq was stopped following a tip from Turkey.
    (WSJ, 12/11/01, p.A15)

1997        Denmark staged a contest  to crown one of its islands as a renewable energy island. Samsoe Islands entry, led by engineer Aage Johnson, won the contest.
    (WSJ, 2/9/06, p.A11)

1997        El Salvador passed legislation making abortions an act of murder. Abortion is a crime under any circumstance in the Central American country.
    (AP, 7/11/19)

1997        Eritrea introduced its own currency, the nakfa, and sought to make it directly exchangeable with the Ethiopian burr in cross-border transaction. The currency was named after the site of a major victory over Ethiopian forces in March, 1988.
    (SFC, 6/10/98, p.A10)(SSFC, 4/15/12, p.P3)

1997        Ethiopia received over $100 million in aid from the US and over $700 million in loans from the IMF.
    (SFC, 5/12/98, p.A14)

1997        The EU made labels compulsory for genetically modified (GM) food.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.32)

1997        Fiji drew up a new multi-racial constitution. It took effect in 1998. Under the country's constitution, the council of chiefs was charged with filling nearly half the Senate seats and with appointing the president and vice president. In 2006 military commander Frank Bainimarama seized power and suspended those roles.
    (Econ, 8/14/04, p.40)(AP, 3/14/12)

1997        Jacques Pepin, gourmet chef, received the Chevalier de L'Ordre des Arts from the French government.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, Z1p.4)
1997        France-based Pernod Ricard SA acquired the Spanish gin Larios.
    (WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)
1997        Mario Sandoval obtained French citizenship. The Argentine ex-police officer had moved to France after the fall of Argentina's 1976-1983 military dictatorship and was later accused by Buenos Aires of over 600 human rights violations. Argentina began seeking his extradition in 2012.
    (AP, 2/18/15)
1997        Francois Furet, French historian, died. He was the acknowledged pre-eminent historian of the French Revolution and in 1995 authored "The Passing of an Illusion." It was translated by his wife into English in 1999.
    (WSJ, 5/11/99, p.A20)

1997        Germany got rid of its wealth tax.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.61)
1997        Germanys Thysen and Krupp steel firms joined forces.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.56)
1997        Germanys population was about 83 million people.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/22/97, p.A1)       

1997        In Georgia rocket-propelled grenades slammed the armor-plated Mercedes of Pres. Shevardnadze and 2 bodyguards were killed.
    (SFC, 8/31/98, p.A8)

1997        In Ghana John Atta Mills rose to prominence when Pres. Rawlings named him vice president, a position he held until the 2000 elections.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)

1997        Guatemala divided some 1.2 million acres of forest land into 13 logging concessions that required sustainable harvesting. 2 concessions were granted to logging companies and 11 to local communities.
    (WSJ, 11/25/05, p.A9)
1997        A large Mayan site was discovered at the Rio San Pedro Martir drainage in the Peten region of northern Guatemala.
    (AM, Jul/Aug 97 p.19)

1997        The Icelandic Phallological Museum opened in Reykjavik. It later moved to the quiet fishing village of Husavik, 480 km (298 miles) northeast of the capital. Sigurdur Hjartarson began his collection in 1974 with a single bull's penis that looked something like a riding crop. By 2008 it included 261 preserved members from 90 species.
    (Reuters, 5/16/08)

1997        Phoolan Devi, the Bandit Queen, was elected to Parliament representing the lower-caste Samajwadi Party.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
1997        In New Delhi, India, the World Fisheries Forum was founded by a group of owner-operated fishermen whose aim was to push for human rights and social justice in the fishing industry. In 1999 they met in Point Montara, California.
    (SFC, 10/9/99, p.A18)
1997        In India Laloo Prasad Yadav, head of the RJD, stepped down as Bihars chief minister after his arrest on corruption charges. Rabri Devi, Yadavs wife, took over as chief minister.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.44)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.45)
1997        Naga tribesmen of northeastern India agreed to a ceasefire after fighting the Indian army for five decades.
    (AP, 8/14/05)
1997        Mobile phones were introduced in Kerala, India. By 2000 fisherman were using them to call coastal markets while at sea to find the best price for their catch.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.84)

1997        Indonesias Bank Harapan Sentosa (BHS) went under despite a bailout loan of more than $260 million from the Indonesian central bank. In 1998 bank director Sherny Kojongian Saroha was detained and questioned over her role in the bank's failure and disappearance of the money. Saroha entered the US the following year and applied for permanent residency without disclosing her prior arrest. An Indonesian court in 2002 convicted her in absentia of misusing bank funds and sentenced her to 20 years in prison. In 2012 she was extradited from the US and handed over to Indonesia n authorities.
    (AFP, 6/13/12)
1997        In Indonesia mobs killed and raped ethnic Chinese residents and looted and destroyed their businesses.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A12)

1997        Hamas founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin offered Israel a 30-year truce.
    (AP, 3/24/04)

1997        The Italian Parmalat Corp. acquired Beatrice Foods.
    (WSJ, 12/22/03, p.A6)

1997        Jamaicas population was about 2.3 million.
    (Hem., 12/96, p.30)(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A10)

1997        Japan under Ryutaro Hashimoto enacted the big bang financial reforms, which deregulated some financial services and introduced more competition in Japans capital markets.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.23)
1997        Japan under Ryutaro Hashimoto increased consumption taxes.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.24)
1997        In Japan the Nippon Kaigi, a nationalistic lobby group, was formed.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nippon_Kaigi)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.33)

1997        Safaricom Ltd. was formed as a fully owned subsidiary of Telkom Kenya. It grew to become the leading mobile network operator in Kenya. In May 2000, Vodafone group Plc of the United Kingdom acquired a 40% stake and management responsibility for the company.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safaricom)

1997        In Kiribati the El Nino weather system caused heavy rains and flooding on Kiritimati (Christmas Island).
    (Econ, 3/12/15, p.38)

1997        Kyrgyzstans population numbered about 4.5 million people.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)

1997        In Lesotho Pakalitha Mosisili defected from the Basutoland Congress Party under leader Ntsu Mokhehle, to form the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) party.
    (AFP, 2/28/12)

1997        Mansour Omar El-Kikhia published his book Libyas Qaddafi: The Politics of Contradiction in the US. He was the cousin of Mansour Rashid El-Kikhia, Libyas former UN ambassador, who was executed in 1994. 
    (SSFC, 5/21/06, p.E5)(http://tinyurl.com/lnqr5)

1997        Macquarie Island, located half-way between New Zealand and Antarctica, became a World Heritage Site.

1997        In Malawi Bakili Muluzi commuted all death sentences and pledged that there would be no executions under his presidency.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

1997        Malaysia banned the export of sand hurting Singapores efforts to secure supplies for its booming construction industry and sea-fill plans. Indonesia followed suit in 2007 and caused a surge in the price of sand.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.46)
1997        In Malaysia a virus struck the village of Nipah and killed 105 people, most of whom were involved in the hog-farming industry. Some 1.2 million hogs were destroyed and the Nipah virus epidemic ran its course over 7 months. The epidemic was later related to burning rain forests and bats seeking new food sources that passed the virus to pigs that passed it to humans. Most animals recovered but it was lethal to 40% of humans.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.A9)(SFC, 5/29/00, p.A4)(WSJ, 6/19/03, p.A1)

1997        The Maldives adopted a new constitution, which enshrined Pres. Gayoom as head of state, government, judiciary and the security forces.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.54)

1997        Mexico implemented the Progresa social program. In 2000 it covered some 2 million rural families.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.37)(http://tinyurl.com/d7tef)
1997        In Mexico Andres Granier began serving as mayor of Villahermosa, capital of Tabasco state. He served to 2000. In 2006 Granier won elections for Tabasco state governor as a PRI candidate.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.42)
1997        In Mexico a Health Ministry Study found that the use of cocaine had quadrupled among Mexico City teens in 6 years. Marijuana use had doubled.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A12)
1997        Ricardo Salinas Pliego blocked NBC from taking a 10% stake in Mexicos TV Azteca as part of a previous deal to help TV Azteca learn the TV business.
    (WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)
1997        Mexicos national census counted 93.7 million people.
    (SFC, 7/9/99, p.A15)

1997        In Myanmar Thein Sein became had of the Triangle Region Military Command and continued to 2001.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.58)
1997        In Myanmar Sai Leun (Lin Mingxian), warlord of Mongla, declared his fief an opium-free zone.
    (Econ, 1/29/05, p.42)
1997        In Rangoon talks between the Karen National Union and Burmese officials broke down when the Karen refused to disarm. After the talks broke the Burmese army swept through Karen territory and forced thousands of refugees into Thailand.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, Z1 p.4)

1997        In the Netherlands the Maeslant barrier, a sea defense structure was inaugurated.
    (Econ, 8/27/19, p.15)

1997        The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS Net) published an inquiry into the worlds failure to respond to food shortages in Niger and the rest of the Sahel.
    (Econ, 8/20/05, p.10)

1997        Kim Dok Hong, a senior member of North Koreas ruling Workers Party, defected through China to Seoul.
    (WSJ, 1/7/03, p.A1)

1997        Jo Nesbo (b.1960), Norwegian writer, musician, and former economist and reporter, authored "Flaggermusmannen,", his first Harry Hole crime novel. In 2012 it was translated to English as "The Bat." By 2020 his books had sold over 45 million copies worldwide.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo_Nesb%C3%B8)(Econ., 5/23/20, p.72)
1997        Norway's King Harald V publicly apologized on behalf of the nation for its treatment of the Sami people. An estimated 40,000-60,000 Sami live in northern Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia and have their own language.
    (AP, 11/29/17)

1997        Pakistans Nawaz Sharif and Indias Inder Kumar Gujral agreed to a process of dialogue, but relations soured after the BJP came to power in India.
    (Econ, 1/10/04, p.35)
1997        In Pakistan the government of Nawaz Sharif quashed an investigation into claims that his he had used ill-gotten gains from his 1990-1993 term in office to purchase four flats on Londons Park Lane.
    (Econ 7/15/17, p.33)
1997        In Pakistan Mohammed Ali Rahimi, director of the Iranian cultural center in Multan, was killed along with other Shiites by Sunni extremists. Shakeel Anwar (d.2002) was wanted for the killings.
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A10)
1997        Hafiz Shafiur Rahman was arrested in Multan in eastern Pakistan weeks after he shot Ijaz Shah, the district president of Tehrik-e-Jaaferi, a political group representing minority Shiite Muslims. Rahman was convicted in 1999 and hanged in 2006.
    (AP, 8/9/06)
1997        Pakistans first motorway opened under PM Nawaz Sharif. The $1.2 billion 375km toll-road linked Islamabad and Lahore. The Grand Trunk Road, 90km shorter and toll-free, already linked the two cities.
    (Econ, 1/21/17, p.32)

1997        A study by the Peruvian government found that the countrys glaciers had shrunk by 22% over the last 30 years. In the Carabaya range they had receded by 32%.
    (WSJ, 6/17/05, p.A1)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.42)

1997        IslamOnline began as a student project at the Univ. of Qatar with cash from Sheika Mozah, a wife of Qatars emir, and with an endorsement from Egyptian-born scholar, Yussuf al-Qaradawi.
    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.51)

1997        The sprawling Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest, Romania, begun in 1984, was completed. It is the world's second-biggest administrative building by surface area after the US Pentagon.
1997        Romanian Orthodox Bishop Nicolae Corneanu (1924-.2014) confessed he had been an informer since 1948 and had excommunicated five dissident priests in 1981 who had accused church leaders of prostituting the church to the demands of communist rulers.
    (AP, 9/29/14)

1997        The Russian Orthodox church, under Patriarch Alexy II, supported a law the curbed the activities of non-traditional faiths, like non-Orthodox forms of Christianity.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, p.60)
1997        In Russia AO Dovgan Protected Quality Corp. led by Valdimir Dovgan had revenues of $400 mil.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A1)
1997        A new Russian law on religion gave the courts the right to disband groups found guilty of inciting hatred or intolerant behavior.
    (SFC, 5/7/99, p.D2)
1997        Russian Pres. Yeltsins annual earnings were reported to be $320,000.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, p.A12)
1997        Russia's Yeltsin government created an armed tax police force to collect delinquent taxes.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A12)
1997        A Stockholm arbitration tribunal ruled that Russia owed over $100 million to Compagnie Noga dImportation et dExportation SA led by Nessim Gaon. Gaon won a 2nd ruling in 2001 and strove to raid Russias assets abroad.
    (WSJ, 4/24/01, p.A1)
1997        Scientists discovered a layer of light blue rock in the Ural Mountains of Siberia and later christened it "dianite" after Princess Diana.
    (SFC, 1/24/98, p.A15)
1997        Yandex, a Russian search engine, was founded. In 2011 it listed on NASDAQ. By 2017 its products and services included taxis, shopping, payments, music and education.
    (Econ, 9/30/17, p.59)

1997        Martin Klein, Slovak journalist, wrote a profanity-laced attack on Jan Sokol, the archbishop of Slovakia, who wanted to ban the Milos Forman film The People vs. Larry Flynt and its poster. Klein was charged with defaming the Roman Catholic faith and lost his court case. In 2005 the suit moved up to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France.
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.C2)

1997        Aspen Pharmacare, a generic drug maker, was founded in Durban, South Africa. By 2005 it was the countrys leading drug-maker with an annual revenue of $467 million.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.74)

1997        In South Korea a law that allowed only one umbrella labor group was abolished. Until this time only the Korea Federation of Trade Unions, with 1.5 million members in banks and light industry, was recognized.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)
1997        In South Korea Cho Choong-pil (20) was stabbed to death at a Burger King restaurant in Itaewon, an entertainment district near the US military headquarters in Seoul. US teenagers Edward Lee and Arthur Patterson accused each other of killing Cho. Lee was later sentenced to life in prison but an appeals court later reduced that to 20 years. Patterson initially got an 18-month jail term for destroying evidence and possessing a dangerous weapon. In 2015 Patterson was extradited to South Korea to face a new trial. In 2016 Patterson (36) was sentenced to twenty years in prison.
    (AP, 9/23/15)(AP, 1/29/16)

1997        Former Soviet republics (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova) formed Guuam to seek cooperation outside Russian influence.
    (WSJ, 3/4/05, p.A13)

1997        Goya's 18th-century "The Apparition of the Virgin of Pilar" and el Greco's 16th-century "The Annunciation," were stolen after a private exhibition tour. In 2011 Spanish police recovered the stolen masterpieces at a private house near the southeastern city of Alicante.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
1997        Mohamad Kamal Mustafa, imam of Fuengirola, Spain, authored Women in Islam, in which he defended a husbands right to beat his wife.
    (WPR, 3/04, p.11)
1997        Luis Antonio Garcia Navarro (d.2001) was named music and artistic director at the long-closed Teatro Real in Madrid.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.A21)

1997        The Swaziland government issued a decree naming Ted Reilly, his son, daughter and five aides as game rangers. Under Swazi law, the rangers were allowed to shoot and kill poachers caught in the act.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

1997        A Swiss federal law made money laundering and abetting it a criminal offense.
    (Econ, 2/14/04, Survey p.12)

1997        In Taiwan the High Tech Computer company was founded as a designer and manufacturer of products sold under other brand names. The company was later renamed HPC and created its own brand name. In 2007 it launched the HTC Touch, a touch screen device whose sales were boosted by the appearance of Apples first iPhone.
    (Econ, 4/7/12, p.73)
1997        Taiwans MediaTek was founded and began making controllers for CD-ROMS. By 2004 the company was developing chops for mobile phones.
    (Econ, 8/24/13, p.60)

1997        The population of Tajikistan, most of whom followed the Ismaili version of Shia Islam, was about 5.7 million.
    (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(Econ, 8/20/16, p.33) 

1997        Thailands King Bhumibol developed his sufficiency economy theory during the Asian economic crises of this year. In 2007 it was described as a plan for sustainability, moderation and broadbased development.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.38)

1997        The book "The History of the Armenia Genocide" appeared in Turkey, but copies were confiscated and the publisher Aysenur Zarakolu was arrested and fined.
    (SFC, 3/6/98, p.A12)

1997        In Uganda the government Law Reform Commission recommended that the number of wives a man can marry be limited to 2, and that men prove that they have the resources to support 2 wives if they choose to marry twice. Muslims, who comprise 10% of the people, opposed the ruling because Islamic law allows men to have up to 4 wives.
    (SFC, 4/6/98, p.A12)

1997        The UN sent former James Baker, former US Sec. of State, to negotiate a new agreement between Morocco and the Polisario Front of Western Sahara, but Morocco rejected his plan.
    (Econ, 9/24/05, p.56)

1997        Between Uzbekistan and Kazakstan the surface area of the Aral Sea was 30,000 sq. km. and shrinking
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A18)
1997        Uzbekistan's Fergana Valley was hit by a series of slayings of senior police officials. Authorities blamed the IMU and launched a crackdown on religious extremism.
    (AP, 3/30/04)
1997        Uzbekistan attracted only $60 million in foreign investment due to strict economic controls.
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A23)

1997        The Vaticans top diplomat in Ireland told bishops that their policy of mandatory reporting suspected of sex abuse cases to police "gives rise to serious reservations of both a moral and canonical nature." In 2011 the Vatican insisted the letter had been "deeply misunderstood."
    (AP, 1/19/11)

1997        Sidor, Venezuela's largest steel maker, Sidor, was privatized.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.43)

1997        In Vietnam about 55 million rats were killed this year.
    (SFC, 3/11/98, p.A10)

1997-1998    Extreme weather due to the El Nino weather pattern in the Pacific Ocean killed some 23,000 people worldwide. Damages to the Latin American region were estimated as $33 billion. Surface temperatures soared in the Pacific Ocean causing the death of 16% of corals worldwide. This El Nino weather pattern repeated again in 2010 and again in 2016.
    (Econ, 2/13/10, p.42)(Econ, 2/13/15, p.58)(AP, 3/13/16)
1997-1998    Fiat SpA of Italy said it would invest $1 bil over this period in Brazil for new engines, updated models, and new projects.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A11)
1997-1998    In Brazil some 39,000 square km. of Amazonian forest were burned by wildfires.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.70)
1997-1998    South Koreas conglomerates were battered by a currency crises.
    (WSJ, 3/16/05, p.A6)

1997-2001    In the Netherlands Lucia de Berk murdered 7 people in her care by giving them lethal doses of drugs. In 2004 a court sentenced her to life in jail and compulsory psychiatric treatment for killing. A high court ordered a review, ruling that the woman could not be sentenced to both life in jail and psychiatric care. In 2006 de Berk was sentenced to life in prison.
    (Reuters, 7/13/06)

1997-2002    In 2004 a Human Rights Watch report said more than $4 billion in oil revenue disappeared from Angolan state coffers over this period, even as the country was struggling to recover from 27 years of civil war.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
1997-2002    Thailand and Indonesia were hit the hardest in an Asian financial crises and suffered a slump in GDP during this period of around 35%.
    (Econ, 6/30/07, p.79)

1997-2004    In 2006 Colombia's nonprofit Association of Relatives of the Disappeared Detained recorded 7,300 cases of forced disappearances during this period. Only one-tenth of the bodies have been found, said the group's secretary general, Esperanza Merchan. She estimated the total number of disappeared at 15,000.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

1997-2005    Britains spending on state education rose from 4.7% to 5.5%.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, Survey p.59)

1997-2006    Housing prices in Britain rose by 175%, one of the biggest increases among developed economies.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.51)
1997-2006    Over 2,000 Bushmen and others moved out of Botswanas Central Kalahari Game Reserve and in return were given livestock, a small plot of land and some money.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.47)

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