Timeline 1996 (D) October - End

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1996        Oct 1, A federal grand jury indicted Unabomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski in 1994 mail bomb slaying of an ad executive. He was later sentenced to 4 life terms plus 30 years.
    (AP, 10/1/06)
1996        Oct 1, The first phase of a US minimum wage 50-cent increase to $4.75 took effect. Phase 2 to $5.15 was scheduled for Sep 1, 1997.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A4)(AP, 10/1/97)
1996        Oct 1, NASA began turning over day-to-day shuttle operations to private industry.
    (AP, 10/1/97)
1996        Oct 1, In Haiti it was confirmed that a plot to undermine the government was squelched. The Committee of Soldiers’ Demands, representing former soldiers, had plotted to destabilize the government. More US trained Haitian-American police officers and money from the IMF was expected before the expiration of the current UN mandate.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A7)
1996        Oct 1, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat met at the White House.
    (AP, 10/1/97)

1996        Oct 2, Mark Fuhrman was given three years' probation and fined $200 after pleading no contest to perjury for denying at O.J. Simpson's criminal trial that he had used a certain racial slur in the past decade.
    (AP, 10/2/97)
1996        Oct 2, The US Army prepared to shift 5,000 troops to Bosnia from Germany for 6-months to protect troops slated to leave.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, The EU said that it will challenge the US Helms-Burton law in a new court of world trade.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, The US meeting between Benjamin Netanyahu, Yasser Arafat and King Hussein ended with no specific issues resolved in the recent Middle East flare-up between Palestinians and Jews.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, In Bulgaria former PM Andrei Lukanov was assassinated. It was said that he had new proofs of corruption in the highest power circles. In 2003 5 men were convicted and sentenced to life in prison without chance of parole.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 11/28/03)
1996        Oct 2, Mexican and US authorities captured 5 alleged hit men of the Arellan Felix brothers drug cartel in a series of raids in Mexico and California.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 2, The AeroPeru flight 603, a Boeing 757, crashed shortly after takeoff into the Pacific and all 61 passengers and nine crew members were killed. The pilot claimed loss of navigational equipment just before the crash. It was later reported that a maintenance worker failed to remove tape from sensors after polishing the aircraft. A judge ordered Aeroperu and the worker to pay $29 million to families of the 70 dead.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)(AP, 10/2/97)(WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A1)

1996        Oct 3, A report found 25% of all 4,025 known species of mammals to be at risk of extinction. This included nearly half of all monkeys and apes.
    (SFC, 10/4/96, p.A1)
1996        Oct 3, Wislawa Szymborska, Polish poet, won the Nobel Prize for poetry. Her work included the translated collection: "View With a Grain of Sand," her debut collection "That’s Why We Are Alive" (1952), Salt (1962), "The People on the Bridge" (1986), and "The End and the Beginning" (1993).
    (AP, 10/3/97)(WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A7)

1996        Oct 4, A judge in Philadelphia issued an injunction preventing major-league baseball umpires from striking for the remainder of the postseason over an incident in which Roberto Alomar of the Baltimore Orioles spat on umpire John Hirschbeck.
    (AP, 10/4/97)
1996        Oct 4, The Dow Jones hit a record 5,992.86 on reports of weak employment.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A1)
1996        Oct 4, In New Zealand the government agreed to settle the biggest land claim ever filed by indigenous Maoris. The Ngai Tahu people would receive land and cash worth $117 million and regain some fishing rights. The Maoris number about 12% of the country’s 3.6 million people.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 5, Already under fire for his drug policies, President Clinton revealed that a secret FBI memorandum said the government's anti-drug strategy "had never been properly organized." Clinton argued that the problems predated his administration.
    (AP, 10/5/97)
1996        Oct 5, Irving Fatt, professor of chemistry at UC Berkeley, died. His work was centered on the flow of fluids through small pores and played an essential role in the development of soft and gas permeable contact lenses.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.C2)
1996        Oct 5, A bomb exploded in the mayoral offices of French Prime Minister Alain Juppe. There were no casualties. A Corsican separatist group later claimed responsibility.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, A12)(SFEC, 10/8/96, A10)
1996        Oct 5, In Guatemala an ongoing program to de-activate some 200,000 citizen soldiers included ceremonious weapons returns.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, A14)
1996        Oct 5, It was reported that a new Hawaiian island, Loiihi, was rising 17 miles southeast of the big island of Hawaii. Its summit was 3,000 feet below the surface and its base was 15,000 feet below that. It was estimated to break surface in about 50,000 years.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.A9)

1996        Oct 6, President Clinton and Bob Dole clashed vigorously over taxes, trustworthiness and spending priorities in a prime-time debate in Hartford, Conn.
    (AP, 10/6/97)
1996        Oct 6, An explosion at the Copenhagen headquarters of the Hells Angels killed 2 and injured 16.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, A9)
1996        Oct 6, In Kazakhstan it was reported that the first Chevron gas station opened. The country has 24 billion metric tons of reserves.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, B8)
1996        Oct 6, Turkey’s prime minister urged Libya’s Moammar Khadafy to sign a document to denounce Kurdish rebel terrorism but instead Khadafy condemned Turkish repression of the Kurds. A trade deal hung in suspension.
    (SFEC, 10/7/96, A9)
1996        Oct 6, The Czech film "Kolya," directed by Jan Sverak, won the grand prize at the Tokyo Int’l. film festival. A special jury prize went to the Polish film "In Full Gallop" by Krzysztof Zanussi and the Spanish film "Libertarias" by Vicente Aranda.
    (SFEC, 10/7/96, D3)
1996        Oct 6, In St. Vincent Jerome "Jolly" Joseph, a taxi boat driver in Bequia, was killed. An American couple, James and Penny Fletcher from West Virginia, were accused of the murder. They were later acquitted.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.C1)(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A8)

1996        Oct 7, Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp launched the Fox News Channel. It was set up by Roger Ailes, a former media adviser to three Republican presidents, to appeal to conservative viewers. TCI became one of the 1st cable operators to carry it.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Fox_News)(WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A10)(Econ, 7/9/11, SR p.14)
1996        Oct 7, The Nobel Prize in Medicine was won by Australian Peter C. Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel from Switzerland for their work on how the immune system recognizes infected cells.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)
1996        Oct 7, A fire was reported in Monterey County, Ca. It burned 25,000 acres and was later found to have been started by Jeffrey Alan Avila (35) in order to get some money by leasing fire-fighting equipment to the US Forest Service.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A13)
1996        Oct 7, The effects of a Canadian Auto Workers strike against General Motors spread across the border as 1,850 workers were laid off at two U.S. parts plants.
    (AP, 10/7/97)
1996        Oct 7, In Colombia authorities announced the use of Imazapyr, an all-weather herbicide, to help eradicate illicit drug crops.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A10)
1996        Oct 7, In Croatia a spokesman for the UN transitional authority in Eastern Slavonia said 200 bodies were unearthed near Vukovar from the 1991 Serb occupation.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A10)
1996        Oct 7, In Lisburn, Northern Ireland, the Irish Republican Army detonated two car bombs inside the British army's headquarters, wounding 31 people. Two bombs of 500 and 1000 pounds exploded near Thiepval Barracks and near the base hospital.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A8)(AP, 10/7/97)
1996        Oct 7, Ethnic Tutsi rebels slaughtered 34 patients in eastern Zaire. The government has given the 200,000 Tutsis a week to leave Zaire. The Tutsi Banyamulenge arrived into Zaire some 200 years ago.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A14)(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)

1996        Oct 8, The Nobel Prize in economics was won by British professor James Mirlees of Cambridge and American economist William Vickrey (1914-1996) at Columbia Univ. for their studies on asymmetric information which helps to explain decision making based on varying kinds and amounts of data. Vickrey had developed what became known as auction theory. The 82-year-old Vickrey died just three days later.
    (SFEC, 10/9/96, p.A8)(AP, 10/8/97)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.66)
1996        Oct 8, A pair of Greek Mirage 2000s intercepted a pair of Turkish F-16s (a single-seater C and a two-seater D) over the Aegean island of Chios. The F-16s were escorting 4 Turkish F-4Es on a simulated SEAD mission. After a long dogfight, one of the Turkish F-16s was allegedly shot down with a Magic II missile fired by a Greek Mirage 2000 piloted by Thanos Grivas. The Greek authorities said that the jet went down due to mechanical failure, while the Turkish Defense Ministry said, on 2014, that the jet had been shot down by the Greek pilot. America helped calm the crisis.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek%E2%80%93Turkish_relations)(Econ., 8/22/20, p.51)
1996        Oct 8, In Japan it was reported that a man’s haircut costs $48.65.
    (WSJ, 10/8/96, p.A17)
1996        Oct 8, Pope John Paul II underwent a successful operation to remove his inflamed appendix.
    (AP, 10/8/97)
1996        Oct 8, A Russian Antonov 124 cargo plane crashed in San Francisco al Campo in northwestern Italy. At least 2 crew members and 2 villagers were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/9/96, p.A8)

1996        Oct 9, In the opening game of the American League Championship series, 12-year-old Jeffrey Maier turned a probable fly out into a game-tying home run by reaching over the right-field wall at Yankee Stadium and sweeping the ball into the stands with his baseball glove. The Yankees won, 5-to-4 in 11 innings.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, Vice President Al Gore and Jack Kemp debated in St. Petersburg, Fla.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Physics went to three Americans: David Lee, Douglas Osheroff and Robert Richardson for their work on liquid helium-3, which they found forms a superfluid at very cold temperatures.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to two Americans and a Briton: Robert F. Curl, Richard E. Smalley (b.1943) and Harold W. Kroto for their discovery of hollow molecules of carbon called fullerenes or buckyballs first proposed in 1985. The 60 carbon atom is called a buckminsterfullerene.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/9/97)
1996        Oct 9, In Colombia a heroin processing complex of four labs near Santander de Quilichao in Cauca province was destroyed.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A14)
1996        Oct 9, A 6.8 earthquake, centered off of Cyprus killed 2 and injured 21.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 9, In Mexico police found a human skull and bones on a ranch owned by Raul Salinas. Police were led to the site by Francisca Zetina, aka "La Paca" a self proclaimed witch. They suspected that it was Manuel Munoz Rocha, a federal congressman who disappeared after the 9/28/94 slaying of Ruiz Massieu. Prosecutors say that Salinas and Rocha conspired to kill Massieu. An official autopsy showed that the found body had undergone a previous autopsy. Later examination found that the body was not that of Munoz Rocha but of Zetina’s father-in-law (d.1993).
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)(SFC, 12/3/96,p.A12)(SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)
1996        Oct 9, A center-right coalition of the National, United New Zealand, the Christian Coalition and Act New Zealand was facing a center-left coalition of the Labor, Alliance, and New Zealand First parties for the coming elections.
    (WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A16)

1996        Oct 10, President Clinton joined Vice President Gore in Knoxville, Tenn., where the president moved to broaden the sweep of the Internet at 100 universities, national labs and other federal institutions. Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole hosted a rally in Cincinnati that featured his running mate, Jack Kemp, and retired General Colin Powell.
    (AP, 10/10/97)
1996        Oct 10, In Afghanistan three military commanders formed a pact against the Taliban. Gen’l. Rashid Dostum, Ahmad Shah Massoud and Abdul Karim Khalily held 10 northern provinces against 19 held by the Taliban.
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Oct 10, In Bolivia the government reached an agreement with landowners and Indian leaders on a land reform bill. Large landowners received a 50% tax reduction in return for their support. More than 20,000 Indians had staged daily protests over the last 2 weeks. Under the law land could only revert to the state if its owners failed to pay the land tax.
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.A17)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.41)
1996        Oct 10, In India today the reborn [from Tibet] Drepung Loseling Monastery in Karnataka state houses about 2,500 Buddhist monks.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.E1)
1996        Oct 10, It was reported that Mexico has the highest rate of deforestation in the world with 2.5 million acres of forest and jungle felled each year.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 10, The LRA abducted 139 girls from a Catholic school run by Italian nuns. One nun managed to plead for the release of 109 girls but the rebels kept 30, ignoring pleas from Pope John Paul II and other world leaders. In 2014 Susan Minot authored “Thirty Girls," a fictional account based on the girls kept as captives for as long as 13 years.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A10)(SSFC, 3/16/14, p.F5)
1996        Oct 10, Armed men killed 50-60 civilians in eastern Zaire in the village of Bambu in the Masisi region. The Banyamulenge immigrated to eastern Zaire from Rwanda decades ago.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)

1996        Oct 11, In Operation Global Sea US officials arrested 34 members of a drug trafficking network operated primarily by Nigerian women. Jumoke Kafayat Majekodunmi, aka Kafi, used a women’s clothing store in Chicago as the center of operations.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A3)
1996        Oct 11, US FBI agents arrested 7 in West Virginia for plotting to bomb the national fingerprinting records facility in Charleston.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A1)
1996        Oct 11, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Roman Catholic Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo of East Timor and Jose Ramos-Horta, in exile in Australia, for their work to end oppression and violence in East Timor.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A1)(AP, 10/11/97)
1996        Oct 11, Time Warner completed its $7.6 billion acquisition of Turner Broadcasting.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)

1996        Oct 11, In Angola the UN extended the 7,200 peacekeeping mission for 2 months. The Security Council threatened sanctions against UNITA which has delayed integrating 26,000 fighters into the national army and interfered with UN activities.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)
1996        Oct 11, In China seven people were executed for selling women. An additional 54 were given suspended death sentences. 334 women were rescued from being sold into marriage or prostitution where the going rate was $240-$360.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)
1996        Oct 11, Wang Dan, prominent student leader of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in 1989, was charged with conspiracy to overthrow the government. He has been in detention for the last 17 months.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A18)
1996        Oct 11, In Germany the parliament voted to reduce the 656 seats of the Bundestag, lower house, to 598 seats after elections in 2002.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)
1996        Oct 11, Zapatista Commander Ramona, a 4 foot 4 inch Tzotzil Indian, arrived in Mexico City to plead the rebel cause.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 11, In South Africa former defense minister Magnus Malan and other members of the military hierarchy were acquitted of charges in the massacre of 13 people in 1987. Judge Hugo said that evidence showed that Inkatha’s leader, Zulu Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, had in 1996 secretly requested assistance from apartheid leaders for a paramilitary force against political rivals but that the prosecution had not shown sufficient evidence against the defendants.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 12, President Clinton signed into law the Water Resources Development Act, which authorized federal water projects across the country.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1996        Oct 12, Thousands of Hispanic Americans marched in Washington to push for simplified citizenship procedures and a seven-dollar minimum wage.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1996        Oct 12, Followers of Sri Chimnoy, dedicated to int'l. peace and freedom through physical fitness, hung a brass plaque with a free verse poem in an alcove the lobby of the Statue of Liberty.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A6)
1996        Oct 12, In Ecuador Pres. Abdala Bucaram released his debut Rock ‘n’ Roll CD this week: "A Madman in Love."
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 12, In New Zealand elections voters delivered a split verdict on conservative rule. Jenny Shipley was made prime minister and ruled for 2 years.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A21)
1996        Oct 12, Theodore Miriung, head of the Bougainville Transitional Government of Papua, New Guinea, was assassinated.
    (SFC, 10/16/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 13, The Yankees won the American League pennant, defeating the Baltimore Orioles.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1996        Oct 13, House Speaker Newt Gingrich, appearing on CBS' "Face the Nation," called on Congress to investigate campaign contributions made to President Clinton's re-election campaign by the Lippo Group, an Indonesian banking conglomerate.
    (AP, 10/13/97)
1996        Oct 13, In Austria the far-right Freedom party of Joerg Haider received 27.6% of the vote. The Conservative People’s Party led by Foreign Minister Wolfgang Schuessel won with 29.6%, while the Social Democrats got 29.1%.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 13, In Iraq the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) regained Sulaymaniyah, its former headquarters.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A12)

1996        Oct 14, Pop singer Madonna gave birth to a daughter, Lourdes Maria Ciccone Leon.
    (AP, 10/14/97)
1996        Oct 14, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 6,000 for the first time, ending the day at 6,010.
    (WSJ, 12/16/96, p.C1)(AP, 10/14/97)
1996        Oct 14, In the US the Archer Daniels Midland Co. agreed to pay an anti-trust fine of $100 million and plead guilty to two charges of price fixing on lysine and citric acid.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A3)(AP, 10/14/97)
1996        Oct 14, In Bolivia bilateral agreements with the US held that 12,000 to 19,000 acres of coca production be eradicated. Failure to do so would cause a suspension of foreign aid and approval of funds from agencies such as the World Bank.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A13)

1996        Oct 15, CSX Corp. announced plans to buy Conrail Inc. for $8.4 billion to create the nation's third-largest railroad.
    (AP, 10/15/97)

1996        Oct 16, The "Day of Atonement" rally, a one year commemoration of the million-man-march, was led by Louis Farrakhan near the UN in New York and about 25 thousand attended.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A3)
1996        Oct 16, Republican Bob Dole challenged President Clinton's ethics and honesty in their final debate.
    (AP, 10/16/97)
1996        Oct 16, CSX agreed to buy Conrail in a $8.1 billion railroad deal.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Oct 16, In Australia it was reported that fossilized footprints of a stegosaurus dinosaur were discovered stolen last week from Aboriginal grounds near Broome.
    (SFC, 10/16/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 16, In Australia the Senate called for self-determination in East Timor and supported independence from Jakarta. The government had earlier recognized the incorporation of East Timor into Indonesia.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)
1996        Oct 16, The Council of Europe, a promoter of democracy and human rights admitted Croatia as its 40th member.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)
1996        Oct 16, In Egypt two girls, 4 & 3, died from bleeding after being circumcised at their homes by a government doctor.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)
1996        Oct 16, Soccer fans at a World Cup qualifying match trying to squeeze into Mateo Flores National Stadium in Guatemala City stampeded, killing [83] 84 people. 180 were injured.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A1)(AP, 10/16/97)
1996        Oct 16, In Somalia an agreement was reached by faction leaders Hussein Aidid, Ali Mahdi  Mohamed and Ali Hassan Osman Atto, to implement a peace accord.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A11)

1996        Oct 17, The Atlanta Braves won the National League Championship Series, beating the St. Louis Cardinals.
    (AP, 10/17/97)
1996        Oct 17, In Leland, Miss. Aaron White, a black TV repairman received a gunshot wound to the head and was killed. It was claimed that a white police narcotics officer shot Mr. White, while the police claimed that Mr. White shot himself. On Oct 31 angry citizens rioted after marching on the local police dept. when local officials agreed to only speak with the march organizers.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A17)
1996        Oct 17, Berthold Goldschmidt, German-born Jewish composer and conductor, died at 93 in England.
1996        Oct 17, In France a one-day strike was held by about 1.6 million public employees, a third of the total public service sector. French unemployment stood at 12.5%.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A14)
1996        Oct 17, In Russia Pres. Boris Yeltsin dismissed Alexander Lebed from his post as national security chief, one day after the former general was accused by a rival of building his own rogue army.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A1)(AP, 10/17/97)
1996        Oct 17, In Slovakia some 10,000 people demonstrated against Culture Minister Ivan Hudec for firing National Theater director Dusan Jamrich. Slovak artists claim that the government is increasingly authoritarian.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C6)

1996        Oct 18, New findings were published in the journal Science that linked mutations in lung cancer to cigarette smoke. An ingredient in the smoke was found to damage the gene p53, vital to the suppression of runaway growth that leads to tumors.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A3)
1996        Oct 18, Researchers at Onyx Pharmaceuticals reported that they had genetically altered a common adenovirus to selectively attack and kill tumor cells.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A1)
1996        Oct 18, Democratic Party fund-raiser John Huang was relieved of his duties following days of attacks by the Republicans over what they called improper and possibly illegal contributions.
    (AP, 10/18/97)
1996        Oct 18, In Cambodia the king granted amnesty to all prison inmates except those convicted of serious crimes and judged to be too dangerous. He also proposed tearing down the country’s dilapidated prisons which house about 2,000 people, many held without trial. Leng Sary was granted amnesty and formed a political party. His followers maintained rule over Pailin under nominal government control.
    (SFC, 10/19/96, A11)
1996        Oct 18, In Colombia the Supreme Court ordered the dismissal of Attorney Gen’l. Orlando Vasquez Velasquez, who had been arrested on charges of accepting drug payments. He was also cited for obstruction of justice and abuse of power.
    (SFC, 10/19/96, A12)

1996        Oct 19, President Clinton said in his radio address that states would lose a percentage of federal highway aid if they did not bar young people from drinking and driving.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1996        Oct 19, In the Republican radio address, Bob Dole claimed credit for putting Democrats on the defensive over their acceptance of foreign political contributions.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1996        Oct 19, In Guatemala Rafael Augusto Valdizon, rebel commander, was captured in connection with the September kidnapping of 86-year-old Olga Novella, wife of a cement company owner. He negotiated his freedom in exchange for her release. She was released and he disappeared.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)(SFC, 10/31/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 19, In Russia Boris Yeltsin appointed Ivan Rybkin as Sec. of The National Security Council.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, A15)

1996        Oct 20, The Atlanta Braves defeated the New York Yankees 12-1 in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/20/97)
1996        Oct 20, "Summer & Smoke" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC.
    (MC, 10/20/01)
1996        Oct 20, In Colombia fighting in 3 provinces over the weekend left 24 soldiers and leftist rebels dead.
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 20, Some 300 Congolese Hutu peasants were bludgeoned to death by Rwandan troops in Musekera. Details were not made public until 2010 by the local Observation Center for Human Rights and Social Assistance.
    (AP, 10/10/10)
1996        Oct 20, In Japan the Liberal Democratic Party under Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto won a plurality in the lower house. The vote marked a setback to reformers.
    (WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A16)(USAT, 8/29/97, p.8A)(AP, 10/20/97)
1996        Oct 20, In Nicaragua elections were scheduled and former Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega trailed by 5 points against Arnoldo Aleman, former mayor of Managua.
    (WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)
1996        Oct 20, In northern Sierra Leone rebels killed 36 people including 6 patients at the Masanga hospital.
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 21, The Atlanta Braves took a two-games-to-none lead in the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees 4-0.
    (AP, 10/21/97)
1996        Oct 21, President Clinton's "don't ask, don't tell" policy on gays in the military survived its first Supreme Court test.
    (AP, 10/21/97)
1996        Oct 21, UN Security Council elections for the 5 non-permanent seats were won by Japan, Kenya, Sweden, Costa Rica and Portugal for a 2-year period. Ten of the seats are temporary and five are chosen annually.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)
1996        Oct 21, In Albania the ruling Democratic Party claimed a landslide victory in local elections.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)
1996        Oct 21, In Algeria the Mayor of Algiers, Ali Boucetta, was killed by a stray bullet in fighting between security forces and rebels in Algiers.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)
1996        Oct 21, An American crop duster flew over Cuba on its way to Bogota, Colombia. In 1997 Cuba claimed before the UN that the plane dusted Cuban fields with a biological pest, thrips palmi.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)
1996        Oct 21, In Murambi village, Burundi, some 300 (258-435) Hutu refugees returned from Zaire and were killed as they sought refuge in a village church.
    (SFC, 11/23/96, p.A8)(SFC, 12/12/96, p.C2)
1996        Oct 21, Arnoldo Aleman claimed victory over Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua's presidential election.
    (AP, 10/21/97)
1996        Oct 21, About 225,000 Hutu refugees fled camps in eastern Zaire. The governor of the area has given the 300,000 Banyamulenge Tutsis as week to leave. Zaire has camps holding about 1.5 million Hutu refugees, most of them from Rwanda.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)
1996        Oct 21, In Zimbabwe some 11,000 nurses went on strike for higher wages, allowances and better working conditions.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A16)

1996        Oct 21-22, Firestorms covered 35,000 acres in Malibu and San Diego County and destroyed more than 60 homes. Another fire in the Los Padres National Forest was reported 60% contained.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A1)

1996        Oct 22, The New York Yankees won their first game of the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves 5-2 in game three.
    (AP, 10/22/97)
1996        Oct 22, General Motors settled a three-week strike with its workers in Canada, resolving a walkout that had idled more than 46,000 workers across North America.
    (AP, 10/22/97)
1996        Oct 22, Floodwaters in Portland, Maine, ruptured a pipeline and left some 120,000 people without drinking water. At least 7 people died in the weekend storm that dumped as much as 18 inches in some places.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A3)
1996        Oct 22, In Algeria a new constitution was drafted that would ban Islamic militants from seeking power. It was to be put up for referendum on Nov. 28.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 22, In Bosnia municipal elections were postponed till the spring because Bosnian Serbs clung to their decision to boycott the vote.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 22, In Canada the Godfrey-Milliken bill was introduced in response to the US Helms-Burton bill. It said that 3 million Canadian descendants of 80,000 uprooted loyalists from the time of the American Revolution have a right to compensation for their confiscated property.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 22, In Quito, Ecuador, thirty-four people were killed when a flaming Boeing 707 cargo jet plane sliced through dozens of homes minutes after takeoff from Ecuador's Manta airport. It struck the bell tower of the La Dolorosa Church and burst into flames [and 25 people were killed].
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A10)(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)(AP, 10/22/97)
1996        Oct 22, In Japan prosecutors arrested Yasuo Hamanaka, the former Sumitomo copper trader accused of racking up $2.6 billion in losses.
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)
1996        Oct 22, In Nicaragua the final vote showed Aleman led Ortega 51 to 37.7%.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 22, In Venezuela at least 30 prison inmates died after a fire was started apparently caused by tear gas canisters fired by guards. The fire was set by incendiary devices fired by national guardsmen. 25 guards were assigned to watch over 1,700 inmates at the La Planta prison designed for 1,000.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.A10)(SFC, 10/24/96, p.C4)

1996        Oct 23, The New York Yankees tied the World Series at two games apiece, defeating the Atlanta Braves, 8-6.
    (AP, 10/23/97)
1996        Oct 23, Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole tried to persuade Ross Perot to quit the race and endorse the GOP ticket, but Perot refused.
    (AP, 10/23/97)
1996        Oct 23, The civil trial of O.J. Simpson opened in Santa Monica, Calif. Simpson was later found liable in the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 10/23/97)
1996        Oct 23, In Norway Gro Harlem Brundtland announced her resignation as prime minister. Thoerbjorn Jagland, leader of the Labor Party, was expected to replace her.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.C3)

1996        Oct 24, The New York Yankees took the lead in the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves 1-0 in game five.
    (AP, 10/24/97)
1996        Oct 24, In St. Petersburg, Fla., a riot ensued when a white police officer fatally shot a black man during a traffic stop. Some 200 people raged over a 25 sq. block area where at least 17 fires were set.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A3)
1996        Oct 24, Norfolk Southern launched a $9.1 billion offer for Conrail in opposition to the friendly bid by CSX.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Oct 24, Hyman Minsky (b.1919), American economist, died. He argued that the financial system played a bog role in exaggerating the economic cycle, one that was understated by conventional theory. He also argued that long periods of stability are ultimately destabilizing. His books included “Can "It" Happen Again? Essays on instability and finance" (1982).
    (http://record.wustl.edu/archive/1996/10-31-96/8447.html)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.77)(Econ, 5/24/14, p.70)
1996        Oct 24, In China the Foreign Ministry acknowledged that some samples of serum albumin were contaminated with the AIDS virus. Authorities said that 4,305 people in China had HIV. They acknowledged that the number could be as high as  100,000.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A14)
1996        Oct 24, In Cuba a UN report said Hurricane Lili destroyed 5,460 homes and damaged over 78,000. The Clinton administration waived a ban on air service and approved a charter flight for relief aid.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.D5)
1996        Oct 24, The EU awarded the 1996 Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought to Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A17)
1996        Oct 24, Arthur Axmann (83), head of Hitler Youth (1940-45), died.
1996        Oct 24, Polish lawmakers relaxed the controversial abortion law and allowed women to terminate pregnancies until the 12th week for financial or emotional reasons. The law was signed on Nov 20.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A15)(SFC, 11/21/96, p.C6)
1996        Oct 24, Yeltsin of Russia and Kuchma of the Ukraine agreed to divide the Black Sea Fleet.
    (WSJ, 10/25/96, p.A1)

1996        Oct 25, The opera Florencia en el Amazonas premiered in Houston. It was composed by Daniel Catan of Mexico with libretto by Marcela Fuentes-Berain.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)
1996        Oct 25, Federal Judge Richard Matsch granted Oklahoma City bombing defendants Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols separate trials rather than let one man drag the other down in the same trial.
    (AP, 10/25/97)
1996        Oct 25, In Canada protestors opposed to spending cuts in Toronto shut down the mass transit system. Ontario Premier Mike Harris planned to cut the provincial budget by 20% in order to wipe out the deficit by the turn of the century.
    (SFC, 10/26/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 25, The UN announced an emergency food airlift to eastern Zaire to help 300,000 Hutu refugees fleeing violence.
    (SFC, 10/26/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 25, The US held back $100 million in arms until Bosnia cuts its ties to Iran. M-60 tanks, M-111 armored personnel carriers and 50,000 small arms, ammunition and supplies were part of the deal.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 26, In the US baseball World Series the NY Yankees won their first World Series since 1978, defeating the Atlanta Braves 3-2 in game six.
    (WSJ, 10/28/96, p.A1)(AP, 10/26/97)
1996        Oct 26, Federal prosecutors cleared Richard Jewell as a suspect in the Olympic park bombing, ending a three-month ordeal for the former security guard.
    (AP, 10/26/97)

1996        Oct 27, U.S. envoy Dennis Ross shuttled between Jerusalem and the Palestinians' Gaza Strip headquarters, trying to finesse a deal to start an overdue Israeli withdrawal from Hebron.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1996        Oct 27, In South Carolina Joshua Grant Kennedy, a Ku Klux Klan member, fired 11 times into a crowd of black teenagers outside a nightclub and wounded three teens. Kennedy was sentenced to 26 years in prison in 1998.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A3)
1996        Oct 27, In Bulgaria the anti-Communist opposition candidate, Petar Stoyanov, led the elections against Ivan Marazov with 44% vs. 27%.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 27, In Cambodia the king reversed his decision for amnesty after students issued a warning of increased national insecurity.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 27, In Egypt a 12-story apartment building collapsed in Heliopolis, a suburb of Cairo and at least 2 people were killed. The death toll reached 50 and many were still missing. The owner had illegally added the last 5 levels.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A9)(SFC, 10/30/96, p.A8)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)
1996        Oct 27, In Malta the opposition socialist leader, Alfred Sant, won elections that could return his Labor Party back to power after 16 years. His party has opposed the push to join the European Union. He was sworn in as prime minister by Pres. Ugo Mifsud Bonnici, a former minister of the defeated Nationalist Party.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A10)(SFC, 10/29/96, p.A8)
1996        Oct 27, In Mexico the EPR announced the end of a cease-fire with the federal government.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A9)

1996        Oct 28, Richard Jewell, cleared of committing the Olympic park bombing, held a news conference in Atlanta in which he thanked his mother for standing by him and lashed out at reporters and investigators who had depicted him as the bomber.
    (AP, 10/28/97)
1996        Oct 28, Comedian Morey Amsterdam died in Los Angeles at age 81.
    (AP, 10/28/97)

1996        Oct 29, Graham Swift won the Booker Prize for his comic novel "Last Orders."
    (SFC, 10/30/96, p.E7)
1996        Oct 29, Hundreds of thousands of New York Yankees fans participated in an enormous blue-and-white ticker-tape Par for the World Series champions.
    (AP, 10/29/97)
1996        Oct 29, In Alameda, Ca., Manuel Garcia (59) was found dead of trauma and stab wounds. 12 days later Diane Ely (54) was found beaten and stabbed to death in Alameda. In 2011 police with DNA evidence charged Eugene Albert Protsman (56), a convicted killer already serving a life sentence, with the murders. In 2012 he was again sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 9/28/11, p.C2)(SFC, 8/22/12, p.C3)
1996        Oct 29, In Colombia Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela, Cali drug cartel chief, agreed to pay a $105 million fine and plead guilty to crimes that included illicit enrichment.
    (SFC, 10/30/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 29, In San Francisco the first Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize was awarded. The $30,000 prize, split between the author and publisher for promotion, went to Alan Brown, author of "Audrey Hepburn’s Neck." The prize was intended to nurture understanding and cooperation among the countries and peoples of the Pacific Rim.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.E6)
1996        Oct 29, James Edward Day (1914-1996), retired US postmaster general, died. He launched the ZIP Code system.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A1)
1996        Oct 29, In Turkey a Kurdish separatist suicide team of 2 killed themselves, 3 policemen and a civilian in the town of Sivas.
    (SFC, 10/30/96, p.A10)

1996        Oct 30, After a four-hour trial, a Chinese court sentenced pro-democracy activist Wang Dan to 11 years in prison for "conspiring to subvert the Chinese government." Wang was freed in April 1998 and sent into exile in the United States.
    (AP, 10/30/901)
1996        Oct 30, Rwandan commandos crossed into eastern Zaire to aid the Tutsi rebels there. Zaire had about 50,000 troops, but they were poorly trained, poorly armed, poorly led and notoriously poorly disciplined. Rwanda had about 54,000 soldiers in a well-disciplined army.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A10)
1996        Oct 30, The Vatican said eastern Zaire’s Archbishop was killed, the 2nd in 2 months.
    (WSJ, 10/31/96, p.A1)
1996        Oct 30, In Switzerland the government announced that it would join NATO’s Partnership for Peace program to promote European security.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A12)
1996        Oct 30, In Zimbabwe the government fired some 11,000 nurses who defied an order to end a strike.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A21)

1996        Oct 31, In Pontiac, Mich., Dr. Jack Kevorkian was charged with assisting three suicides since June 1996. He was later acquitted.
    (AP, 10/31/97)
1996        Oct 31, In Pontiac, Mich., Jenny Jones testified at the trial of one of her talk show guests, Jonathan Schmitz, who was accused of killing another guest, Scott Amedure in March, 1995.
    (AP, 10/31/97)
1996        Oct 31, A grand jury indicted a number of corrupt officials in Kansas City, Missouri. As members of the Port Authority charged with assigning licenses to riverboat gambling establishments, they accepted a $250,000 bribe in 1993 from Hilton Hotels Corp. Named in the indictments were Michelle Lathan, Elbert Anderson (chmn. of the Port Authority), James Ramsey, and a family friend of Anderson's, Charles Maurice Herron.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A10)(www.bizjournals.com/kansascity/stories/1996/08/26/story2.html)
1996        Oct 31, In Brazil a Dutch-made Fokker-100, TAM Regional Airlines Flight 402, crashed after take-off from Sao Paulo into the streets of Vila Santa Catarina. All 96 people on board and three on the ground were killed.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)(AP, 10/31/97)
1996        Oct 31, An outbreak of the Ebola virus killed at least 17 people. It was the 4th outbreak  in Africa since 1995.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A21)(SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T5)

1996        Oct, The Federal Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $4.75 an hour.
1996        Oct, In California Robert Gremminger (54), a former San Jose fireman, shot and killed Anthony Gilbert (30) at the Great Mall of the Bay in Milpitas. Gremminger had interceded in a suspected shoplifting incident and retrieved a gun from his car. He claimed to have shot when Gilbert tried to run him and a security guard down. In 1998 Gremminger was sentenced to 9 years in prison for involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.A15)
1996        Oct, Argentine director Juan Carlos Desanzo produced his film "Eva Peron."
    (Hem., 1/97, p.106)
1996        Oct, In Australia the rabbit calcivirus was released. It quickly cut the rabbit population and forced eagles to concentrate on road kill. Increased incidents of vehicle collisions with eagles was reported.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A16)
1996        Oct, In Cambodia Mr. Robert Prins, president of Iowa Wesleyan College, bestowed an honorary law degree to Hun Sen and his chief of cabinet Sok An at the behest of Mr. Ted Sioeng, Indonesian businessman.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A22)
1996        Oct, In the Dominican Republic Pres. Fernandez forced 24 army generals into retirement.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A9)
1996        Oct, In Indonesia Guruh Sukarno Putra, son of Indonesia’s first president, released the album "NTXTC," short for "Anti-Ecstasy." It was intended as a statement against use of the ecstasy drug that sells for up to $45 a pop across the country.
    (WSJ, 1/29/97, p.A9)
1996        Oct, In Sudan a peace agreement was established between Pres. Omar Hassan al-Bashir and 6 minor rebel factions, Kerubino [Kuayin] Kwanying Bol, a founding members of the rebels, was promoted to major general in the Sudanese army and attacked Bahr el Ghazal. Farming in this province of the Dinka tribe was disrupted and led to famine. Rebel leader John Garang refused to go along. Bol was a liberation army commander who switched allegiance to the government’s side and then turned on the civilian population in his home territory.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A17)(SFC, 7/29/98, p.A8)
1996        Oct, The Vietnamese government introduced the death penalty for corruption cases that involved serious losses to the state.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A13)

1996        Nov 1, Accused of peddling access to the Oval Office, President Clinton demanded an end to what he called the "escalating arms race" for political money. Bob Dole countered with his own solutions to "a growing scandal" of Democratic financial sins.
    (AP, 11/1/97)
1996        Nov 1, In Burma the government program to attract visitors "Visit Myanmar Year" began with tighter security measures.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T5)
1996        Nov 1, In the Dominican Republic Pres. Fernandez fired his commander-in-chief Lt. Gen’l. Juan Bautista Rojas Tobar after he was accused of involvement in the 1994 slaying of Narciso Gonzalez.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A9)
1996        Nov 1, In Germany a new law governing store hours will take effect. Bakeries will be allowed to sell fresh bread on Sunday mornings, though other stores must remain closed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 1, In Guatemala a Brazilian-made turboprop crashed near Flores in Peten province and 14 people enroute to the Mayan site of Tikal were killed.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)
1996        Nov 1, In Israel Nahum Kurman, the security chief of a Jewish settlement, was charged for killing 11-year-old Palestinian, Hilmi Shousha. Kurman claimed the boy fell and banged his head. He was sentenced in 2001 to 6 months of community service and a $17,000 fine.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A13)
1996        Nov 1, Five police officers were slain in southern Mexico and another outside Mexico City. The EPR claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A9)
1996        Nov 1, Norway announced a $24 million donation to educate girls in 19 African countries. The gift went to UNICEF’s African Education for All program.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)

1996        Nov 2, A tentative labor contract was reached between General Motors and the United Auto Workers, averting a national strike.
    (AP, 11/2/97)
1996        Nov 2, Some 160,000 Beja people faced famine in northern Sudan because of a 2-year draught in the region.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A18)

1996        Nov 3, US businessman, Paul Tatum, was assassinated on the steps of a Moscow subway station in what his relatives suspect was a contract slaying by the Russian mafia. He was in a long-running fight to gain control of the Radisson-Slavyanskaya hotel.
    (WSJ, 11/4/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A8)(AP, 11/3/97)
1996        Nov 3, In Bulgaria in presidential elections Petar Stoyanov, 44, won with 61.9% of the vote.
    (SFC, 11/4/96, p.A11)
1996        Nov 3, Jean-Bedel Bokassa (75), former self-proclaimed emperor (1967-1979) of the Central African Republic,  died. He was called "the Ogre of Berengo."
    (SFC, 11/4/96, p.A22)(MC, 11/3/01)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.M2)
1996        Nov 3, In Romania the opposition party won parliamentary elections ending control by ex-Communists.
    (WSJ, 11/4/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 3, In Turkey Abdulah Catli, a convicted heroin smuggler and terror suspect; Husseyin Kocadag, a security official and deputy police chief in Istanbul; and Gonca Us, a gangster mistress, were killed in a car crash in Susurluk. Sedat Bucak, member of parliament and head of a Kurdish clan that received funds for providing guards to fight separatist Kurds, was injured in the same vehicle. The event came to be known as the Susurluk scandal.
    (SFC, 12/10/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 1/26/98, p.A16)
1996        Nov 3, Yevhen Shcherban, Ukrainian businessman and politician, and his wife were assassinated at Donetsk Airport by several men posing as police officers. Prosecutors have stated the murder was intended to eliminate competition for control of Ukraine’s natural gas industry. In 2002, eight men were arrested and tried for the murder. All of them were found guilty, with three receiving life sentences.

1996        Nov 4, On the last day of campaigning before Election Day, President Clinton appealed for a second term by taking credit for a revived economy, while Republican Bob Dole warned of mounting Clinton ethical questions.
    (AP, 11/4/97)
1996        Nov 4, In South Korea the president announced a new anti-corruption drive after his defense minister, sacked last week, was arrested for taking bribes.
    (WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A18)
1996        Nov 4, In Pakistan Pres. Farooq Leghari dismissed Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. Until new elections are held civilian administrators will run the show.
    (SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)

1996        Nov 5, Pres. William Jefferson Clinton was re-elected in the US but voters  kept Congress in Republican control. He won about 50% of the popular vote and 375 electoral votes. Republican candidate Bob Dole got 43% and 135 electoral votes. Clinton won Ohio by 6 percentage points.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/5/97)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
1996        Nov 5, In California elections Prop. 215, an initiative to make marijuana legal for medical used, was passed. Psychiatrist Tod Mikuriya (1933-2007) was the architect of Prop. 215. A measure to end public sector affirmative action was also passed. Prop 218, the right to vote on taxes act, also passed with a 56% approval. Prop. 204 bond funds were approved [for ecological restoration of the Bay Area and Sacramento-San Joaquin River deltas]. Prop 208, a campaign spending limit measure, was approved but later struck down by a federal judge. Arcata soon established a photo ID program to verify medical use.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/20/96, p.A1)(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A13)(SFC, 5/22/07, p.B5)
1996        Nov 5, Mississippi Gov. Kirk Fordice was seriously injured when his car rolled off an interstate.
    (AP, 11/5/97)
1996        Nov 5, Eddie Harris (1934-1996), tenor saxophonist, died. His recordings included "Freedom Jazz Dance" the "Theme for Exodus" and "Compared to What."
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A25)
1996        Nov 5, Pres. Boris Yeltsin had successful heart bypass surgery. Five clogged arteries were circumvented.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)(AP, 11/5/97)
1996        Nov 5, In Turkey government officials announced that a gas pipeline would begin to be built in March to carry gas from Iran to Turkey.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A25)
1996        Nov 5, Zairians in Kinshasa defied a ban on demonstrations and called for the government to resign.
    (WSJ, 11/6/96, p.A1)

1996        Nov 6, Andrea Barrett won the National Book Award for fiction for her book: "Ship Fever and Other Stories," a blend of science and history. Victor Martinez won in the category of Young People’s Literature for his novel "Parrot in the Oven: Mi Vida."
    (SFC, 11/7/96, p.E4)(SFEC, 11/10/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 6, A day after being re-elected, President Clinton threw a party on the White House lawn; that same day, he received resignations from secretaries of state, defense, energy and commerce.
    (AP, 11/6/97)
1996        Nov 6, Chevron Corp. agreed to pay more than $8 million to 777 women in a suit that alleged discrimination in pay, promotions and assignments.
    (SFC, 11/7/96, p.a1)
1996        Nov 6, NASA’s $215 million Mars Global Surveyor was delayed for launch. It was supposed to arrive at Mars in Sep, 1997.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A6)(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A4)(SFC, 11/7/96, p.B1)
1996        Nov 6, Mario Savio (b.1942), founder of the 1964 Berkeley Free Speech Movement, died. In 2009 Robert Cohen authored “Freedom’s Orator: Mario Savio and the Radical Legacy of the 1960s."
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.18)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.E2)
1996        Nov 6, In China Chen Ziming, political dissident, was released on a medical parole from a 13-year sentence that began in 1989.
    (SFC, 11/7/96, p.a12)   
1996        Nov 6-1996 Nov 7, In India cyclone 07B killed some 2000 in Andhra Pradesh state. Damage was estimated at $1.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 11/8/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A11)(www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)
1996        Nov 6, In Japan the Parliament re-elected Ryutaro Hashimoto as prime minister.
    (SFC, 11/7/96, p.a13)

1996        Nov 7, The U.S. liquor industry voted to drop its decades-old voluntary ban on broadcast advertising.
    (AP, 11/7/97)
1996        Nov 7, Michael Norton, chief of Kona Kai Farms in Berkeley, was indicted on charges of money laundering and wire fraud in connection with selling cheaper coffee as Hawaiian Kona Coffee.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 7, CSX raised its bid to $8.4 billion for Conrail. Norfolk Southern then raised its bid to $10 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Nov 7, Merck researchers announced a new class of antibiotics that attack bacteria that have grown resistant to current drugs.
    (WSJ, 11/8/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 7, NASA's Mars Global Surveyor blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a mission to map the surface of the Red Planet.
    (AP, 11/7/97)
1996        Nov 7, In Albania former Communist secret policemen were blamed for a bomb that injured a top judge and his daughter. The attack came after an appeals court upheld prison sentences against 9 officials of the former Communist regime.
    (WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 7, In Belarus pres. Lukashenko will call a national referendum to obtain power to disband the legislature and extend his term of office from 5 to 7 years. His new constitution extended his office by 10 years, allowed him to appoint judges, boards and deputies, and would ban private property in the country.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A14)
1996        Nov 7, In Mexico police and army units arrested 14 men as suspected leftist guerrillas in Oaxaca. In Chiapas state 27 members of humanitarian groups working with rebel villages received death threats.
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A18)
1996        Nov 7, In Nigeria Flight 086, a Boeing 727 belonging to the Aviation Development Corp., crashed near Epe east of Lagos and 141 [142] people died.
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A18)(AP, 11/7/97)
1996        Nov 7, Thousands of Communists marched through Moscow to mark the 79th anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution.
    (AP, 11/7/97)
1996        Nov 7, In Turkmenistan the president opened a human rights agency. Some 17 government hotels stand empty on the edge of the desert. The average wage was $16 per month and the president’s son was rumored to have lost $12.5 million in one night of gambling in Spain.
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A14)

1996        Nov 8, Three days after his re-election, President Clinton said at a news conference that there always are "a lot of hard feelings" after elections, but he urged Republicans to put aside politically charged investigations and work with him to balance the budget and enact campaign finance reform. 
    (AP, 11/8/97)
1996        Nov 8, Cheyenne Pyle, the youngest heart transplant patient (90 mins old), was born in Miami and flown to California for surgery. The infant did not survive.
1996        Nov 8, In Colorado Anna Gimmestad (16 months) died after drinking a bottle of Odwalla apple juice contaminated with E. coli. An epidemic broke out in Oct. due to the tainted juices. In 1998 Odwalla paid a government fine of 1.5 million.
    (SFC, 7/24/98, p.A17)
1996        Nov 8, Bosnian Serb Pres. Biljana Plavsic announced that he had dismissed General Ratko Mladic.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 8, Pres. Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire was recuperating from prostate cancer surgery at the Villa del Mare on the French Mediterranean. Recent Swiss reports put his holdings in Swiss banks at $4 billion.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)

1996        Nov 9, Evander Holyfield upset Mike Tyson to win the WBA heavyweight title in an 11-round fight in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/9/97)
1996        Nov 9, President Clinton used his weekly radio address to condemn the decision of the nation's distillers to end their voluntary ban on airing hard-liquor ads, calling it "simply irresponsible."
    (AP, 11/9/97)

1996        Nov 10, In Miami the Carnival Destiny from Carnival Cruise Lines will debut. The ship at 102,000 tons will be the largest ever made. It will be able to carry 3,350 passengers.
    (SFC, 9/22/96, p.T3)
1996        Nov 10, Major Gen. Pero Colic, the Bosnian Serbs' new military commander, was sworn in, just a day after Gen. Ratko Mladic, a war crimes suspect, was dismissed.
    (AP, 11/10/97)
1996        Nov 10, China announced a ban on selected US goods in response to a US cut in import quotas of textiles.
    (SFC, 11/11/96, p.A10)
1996        Nov 10, In Chiapas, Mexico, police and federal soldiers killed 3 protestors during a clash over corn prices.
    (SFC, 11/11/96, p.A10)
1996        Nov 10, A bomb ripped through a crowd of mourners in a Moscow cemetery, killing 14 people and wounding nearly 50. Authorities later charged the head of an Afghan war veterans fund with masterminding the bombing, saying the target was a rival veterans group.
    (AP, 11/10/97)

1996        Nov 11, The Army reported getting nearly 2,000 calls to a hot line set up after revelations of a sex scandal at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. Meanwhile, a Pentagon official said the Army was ready to take action in another case of alleged sexual misconduct at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.
    (AP, 11/11/97)
1996        Nov 11, John Plummer, Vietnam era helicopter pilot, met with Phan Thi Kim at the Vietnam Memorial in Washington in reconciliation. Phan Thi Kim had suffered severe napalm burns after a napalm bombing of her village in Jun 1972.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A3)(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.A1,12)
1996        Nov 11, An explosion occurred at the Texaco oil refinery near Los Angeles harbor. No injuries were reported.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A9)
1996        Nov 11, In the Czech Republic Stanislav Devaty, chief of the secret service, resigned after being accused of spying on government officials. He denied the charges.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 11, Gen’l. Roberto Letona, the Guatemalan military attaché in Washington, was ordered home after being linked to the Moreno smuggling operation that cheated the government out of some $2.7 billion in taxes and duties over 15 years.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 11, In Guatemala Pres. Alvaro Arzu and the rebel alliance separately announced a peace agreement to be signed Dec 29.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A13)
1996        Nov 11, Poland’s return to independence after WW I was celebrated and hundreds of skinheads and right-wing activists staged demonstrations against Jews and foreigners.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.C2)
1996        Nov 11, In Russia a bomb was set off in a Moscow cemetery and 12 were killed. It came during a memorial service for Colonel Mikhail Likhodey, chairman of the Afghan War Invalids Fund, who was killed by a bomb in 1994.
    (SFC, 11/11/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A11)

1996        Nov 12, In Pontiac, Mich., Jonathan Schmitz, a guest on "The Jenny Jones Show," was convicted of second-degree murder for shooting Scott Amedure, a gay man who'd revealed a crush on Schmitz during a taping of the program. Schmitz was later convicted and sentenced to up to 50 years in prison but the conviction was thrown out due to a jury dispute and the trial was reset for Aug, 1999.
    (AP, 11/12/97)(WSJ, 5/10/99, p.B8)
1996        Nov 12, Albert Dunlap (aka "Chain-Saw Al") announced the cut of 6,000 employees (50%) from Sunbeam Corp. as part of a corporate restructure. Sunbeam later overstated earnings and nearly collapsed after a series of accounting scandals under Dunlap, who paid $15 million to settle a shareholder suit.
    (WSJ, 11/13/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)
1996        Nov 12, Near New Delhi, India, a Saudi Arabian Boeing 747 with 312 passengers crashed into a Kazak Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 with 39 people in midair. It marked the worst midair collision in aviation history and the 3rd deadliest air crash. Investigators later claimed the Ilyushin II-76 failed to maintain its assigned altitude. All 349 passengers and crew were killed.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/12/97)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1996        Nov 12, Canada agreed to lead a multinational force to aid the refugees in Zaire.
    (WSJ, 11/13/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 12, In Croatia a building in Mostar, renovated under contract with the European Union, was taken over and adopted as the High Court of the Croatian Republic of Herceg-Bosna. It was supposed to have been Mostar’s City Hall under joint administration by Croats and Muslims.
    (SFC, 12/4/96, p.C3)
1996        Nov 12, A Middle East economic summit began in Cairo, Egypt.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.C2)
1996        Nov 12, A 6.4 earthquake hit the country centered in the Pacific Ocean about 83 miles west of Nazca, 235 miles southeast of Lima. About 17 people were killed and some 1500 injured in the 7.7 earthquake.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.A10)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A16)

1996        Nov 13, An all-white jury in Pittsburgh acquitted a suburban police officer, John Vojtas, in the death of black motorist Jonny Gammage in a verdict that angered black activists.
    (AP, 11/13/97)
1996        Nov 13, Sgt. Loren B. Taylor, a drill sergeant who'd had sex with three women recruits at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., was given five months in prison and a bad-conduct discharge in the first sentencing of the burgeoning Army sex scandal.
    (AP, 11/13/97)
1996        Nov 13, A grand jury in St. Petersburg, Fla., declined to indict a white policeman, Jim Knight, who had shot black motorist TyRon Lewis to death the previous month; the decision prompted angry mobs to return to the streets.
    (SFC, 11/14/96, p.A3)(AP, 11/13/97)
1996        Nov 13, In Algeria militants slit the throats of 12 people outside Blida, 30 miles south of Algiers. Ten of the victims were of the same family.
    (SFC, 11/14/96, p.A12)

1996        Nov 14, The first General Motors electric automobile, the EV1, was produced in Lansing, Mich. Its range was estimated at 70-90 miles before recharge.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 14, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, the senior Roman Catholic prelate in the United States and leader of Chicago's 2.3 million Catholics, died at his home at age 68, surrounded by family and friends.
    (SFC, 11/15/96, p.C7)(AP, 11/14/97)
1996        Nov 14, In Algeria militants slit the throats of 18 more people. 11 in Ain-Dema and 7 in Douar Zemala.
    (SFC, 11/15/96, p.A18)
1996        Nov 14, In Guatemala villagers in Momostenango broke into the town jail where 4 men were jailed on charges of assault and robbery of bus passengers. They were beat, doused with gasoline and burned to death. It was later learned that the victims were 2 artists, a dentist, and a minister from a neighboring state hunting rabbits.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.T9)(SFC, 12/3/96, p.E1)
1996        Nov 14, In Mexico PRI deputies approved the rewritten "all-party accords" that had been initially designed to stem their power.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A11)
1996        Nov 14, Armed men surrounded the Mugunga refugee camp in eastern Zaire and began shooting indiscriminately at its inhabitants as they huddled for safety or tried to flee. Hundreds of men, women and children died over a three-day period, according to eyewitnesses and forensic evidence later gathered from mass graves.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

1996        Nov 15, Singer Michael Jackson married the woman carrying his baby -- his plastic surgeon's nurse, Debbie Rowe -- in a ceremony in Sydney, Australia. Their first child was born Feb 13, 1997 and named Prince. A girl named Paris was born Apr 3, 1998. Rowe filed for divorce in 1999.
    (SFC, 4/4/98, p.A7)(AP, 11/15/01)
1996        Nov 15, Texaco Corp. agreed to pay [$176.1] $176.9 million dollars to settle a two-year-old race discrimination suit. Executive Richard Lundwall had taped himself along with others that belittled African Americans and scoffed at a lawsuit that accused Texaco of racial bias.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A11)(AP, 11/15/97)(SFC, 4/23/98, p.A9)
1996        Nov 15, Miami black commissioner, Miller Dawkins, pleaded guilty to bribery, corruption and conspiracy in attempting to shake down Unisys Corp. for $200,000. The case was opened under the FBI Operation Greenpalm. Also indicted was Cesar Odio, former city manager, who tried to skim funds from  a city insurance contract. It was also uncovered that the city was $68 million in the red. Odio pleaded guilty in 1997.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A6)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A3)
1996        Nov 15, In San Francisco a Vietnamese gang leader, Cuong Tran, and his lawyer, Dennis Natali, were shot to death in separate incidents. Tran had been cooperating with federal investigators. A 17-year-old was charged with the slaying. Police contended that Man Leung Yu gave the orders for the killing. In 1997 it was reported that Natali collected money extorted from massage parlors.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 1/10/96, p.A23)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.A1)
1996        Nov 15, Former State Department official Alger Hiss, who fell from grace in a Communist spy scandal, died in New York four days after his 92nd birthday. In 1999 his son published "The View From Alger's Window," a personal remembrance of his father. In 2004 G. Edward White authored "Alger Hiss's Looking-Glass Wars."
    (AP, 11/15/97)(WSJ, 6/24/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 3/19/04, p.W12)
1996        Nov 15, In the Philippines tropical storm Ernie ravaged 14 provinces and killed 16 people.
    (SFC, 11/16/96, p.E4)

1996        Nov 16, President Clinton spent the first full day of a shortened vacation in Hawaii that preceded a trip to Australia, Thailand and the Philippines.
    (AP, 11/1697)
1996        Nov 16-1996 Nov 17, The Russian Mars 96 probe was launched on a Proton rocket. The upper stage rocket failed and the probe crashed into the South Pacific.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)(AP, 11/17/01)
1996        Nov 16, In Russia an explosion at a military housing project in Kaspiysk in the Dagestan Republic killed 56.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 16, Into Rwanda thousands of refugees went home from Zaire in a column that stretched 28 miles.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A1)

1996        Nov 17, "Present Laughter" opened at Walter Kerr Theater NYC.
1996        Nov 17, The World Food Summit concluded a five-day meeting in Rome, with delegates promising a wide-ranging effort to ease hunger around the globe.
    (AP, 11/17/97)
1996        Nov 17, In Romania centrist reformer Emil Constantinescu defeated the incumbent Ion Iliescu in presidential elections.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A11)

1996        Nov 18, Harold James Nicholson, former CIA station chief, was arrested for espionage. He was said to have started passing information to Russia from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in June of 1994 and collected [more than $120,000] as much as $180,000. Nicholson later pleaded guilty to espionage and was sentenced to 23 1/2 years in prison. He was spared a life sentence for cooperating with investigators.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(AP, 11/18/97)
1996        Nov 18, Belarus PM Mikhail Chigir resigned and 75 of 199 lawmakers signed petitions to impeach Pres. Lukashenko.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A13)
1996        Nov 18, In Moldova Pres. Mircea Snegur and Parliament Speaker Petru Lucinschi went into 2nd round elections. Voters seemed to seek a diminished relationship with Russia and closer ties with Romania.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A14)
1996        Nov 18, Rwandan troops descended on the Chimanga refugee camp in eastern Zaire (later CongoDRC) and opened fire killing some 500 refugees.
    (Econ, 9/4/10, p.51)(http://tinyurl.com/29j5mmv)
1996        Nov 18, In Thailand Chavalit Yongchaiyudh, former defense minister, led the New Aspiration Party to victory in elections and recruited 5 other parties to form a coalition government.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A15)

1996        Nov 19, The US voted alone against the other 14 members of the UN Security Council against the re-election of Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2s)(AP, 11/19/97)
1996        Nov 19, Robert Citron, former treasurer of Orange County, was sentenced to a year in jail and fined $100,000.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Nov 19, A federal judge ruled in favor of CSX in its acquisition of Conrail.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Nov 19, The space shuttle Columbia lifted off with the oldest crew member to date, 61-year-old Story Musgrave.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1996        Nov 19, Fourteen people were killed when a commuter plane collided with a private plane at Baldwin Municipal Airport in Quincy, Ill.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.A4)(AP, 11/19/97)
1996        Nov 19, In Bosnia the Muslim-Croat government fired Deputy Defense Minister Hasan Cengic. His ties to Iran interfered with a $100 million US disbursement of arms. He was replaced by an executive order of Kresimir Zubak, president of the Muslim-Croat federation.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C6)
1996        Nov 19, Two Israeli border policemen were arrested after a videotape showed them beating and kicking Palestinian laborers.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2)
1996        Nov 19, In Romania Victor Ciorbea, mayor of Bucharest, was named by the Peasant Party the next prime minister.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C4)
1996        Nov 19, In Yugoslavia the Zajedno (Together) opposition coalition claimed victory in 44 municipalities across Serbia.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2)

1996        Nov 20, US House Republicans chose Newt Gingrich to be speaker for a second term.
    (AP, 11/20/97)
1996        Nov 20, San Francisco began posting signs along its waterfront to warn fisherman of health hazards from fish caught in the Bay.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.A22)
1996        Nov 20, In Zagreb, Croatia, thousands protested the government’s attempt to close the independent Radio 101.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C6)
1996        Nov 20, In Hong Kong a fire raged in the 16-story Garley Building and 39 people died.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C3)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A22)(AP, 11/20/97)
1996        Nov 20, In Zambia Frederick Chiluba and his Movement for Multiparty Democracy won re-election. Former pres. Kaunda and his United National Independent Party boycotted because he was declared ineligible to run.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C3)

1996        Nov 20-1996 Nov 25, In the Philippines the summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) was to be held in Manila. APEC has 18 member countries and its goal is to remove all trade barriers by 2020.
    (SFC, 11/18/96, p.A12)(SFC, 11/23/96, p.A8)

1996        Nov 21, In the northwest US heavy storms left at least 8 dead.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.A7)
1996        Nov 21, Thirty-three people were killed, and more than 100 injured, when an explosion blamed on leaking gas ripped through a six-story building in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 11/21/97)
1996        Nov 21, From Turkey Yasar Kemal, author, sought asylum in Sweden. He had been convicted by a Turkish court of defending Kurd’s rights.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A22)

1996        Nov 22, O.J. Simpson took the stand as a hostile witness in the wrongful death lawsuit filed against him, saying it was "absolutely not true" that he killed Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
1996        Nov 22, Martin Bryant, who gunned down 35 people on Apr 28 at Port Arthur, Australia, was sentenced to life behind bars with no chance for parole.
    (AP, 11/22/97)
1996        Nov 22, In France truckers continued their Operation Escargot strike for higher pay and earlier retirement for a 5th day.
    (SFC, 11/23/96, p.A10)

1996        Nov 23, Following a four-day visit to Australia, President Clinton arrived in the Philippines for a summit of Asian-Pacific leaders.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1996        Nov 23, Forty-four (32) people were injured when an Amtrak train derailed on a Secaucus, N.J., bridge.
    (AP, 11/23/97)(SFC, 3/19/01, p.A11)
1996        Nov 23, An Ethiopian Boeing 767 airliner crashed into the Indian ocean near Grand Comore Island. It had been hijacked after takeoff from Addis Ababa and ran out of fuel under hijacker demands to fly to Australia. 125 of 175 people died. The plane was destined for the Ivory Coast with stops along the way.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A1,10)(SFC, 11/26/96, p.B3)(AP, 11/23/97)
1996        Nov 23, In India amidst protests outside, Irene Skliva of Greece won the Miss World crown. Police arrested some 1,650 over 2 days.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A2)
1996        Nov 23, In Libya a member of the Fighting Islamic Group, Abdullah Guryou, hurled a grenade at Moammar Khadafy in the desert town of Brak. Khadafy was not hurt.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A17)
1996        Nov 23, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin ordered all troops withdrawn from Chechnya by Jan 27, when elections would be held.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A14)

1996        Nov 24, On the eve of an Asia-Pacific trade conference in the Philippines, President Clinton met with Chinese President Jiang Zemin. Both sides signaled their troubled relations were on the mend, and agreed to exchange presidential visits over the next two years.
    (AP, 11/24/97)
1996        Nov 24, In Argentina evangelist Sun Myung Moon began a new Spanish newspaper for all of Latin America with the assistance of former US president George Bush. Bush was reportedly paid $100,000. They then traveled to Uruguay to inaugurate a seminary to train 4,200 Japanese women to spread the word of his Church across Latin America.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 24, In Belarus parliament set its own date for a vote to approve the abolishment of the office of the president. Lukashenko has the backing of the security apparatus which numbers about 150,000 in the pop. of 10 mil.
    (WSJ, 10/8/96, p.A17)
1996        Nov 24, In Serbia a court controlled by Pres. Milosevic annulled the electoral victory of the opposition. The opposition had one 67 of 110 seats of the Belgrade City Council. The court annulled 52 of the opposition seats.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A8)

1996        Nov 25, President Clinton won a victory on the trade front by getting Pacific Rim leaders meeting in the Philippines to accept the year 2000 as a deadline for cutting tariffs on information technology.
    (AP, 11/25/97)
1996        Nov 25, Testifying for a second day at a civil trial, O.J. Simpson again denied killing Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, but couldn't explain how blood believed to be the victims' got into his Bronco, or how he suffered hand cuts.
    (AP, 11/25/97)
1996        Nov 25, In Florida Rodrick Justin Ferrell (16) of Murray, Ky., killed Richard Wendorf and Naoma Queen in Eustis. He thought himself a vampire and burned the letter "V" into Wendorf’s body. He and 4 friends were arrested 3 days later in Baton Rouge. He was sentenced to death in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.A6)
1996        Nov 25, In Belarus Pres. Lukashenko claimed victory in a referendum that proposed restarting his 5-year term with broad new powers. It extended his term to 2001, granted him immunity from prosecution, gave him control of key political positions from judgeships to Parliament seats and the authority to declare a state of emergency at will. Russia said that all nuclear warheads from Belarus had been returned.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.B2)(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 25, In Iraq the government agreed to implement the UN conditions set for a $2 billion oil-for-food sale.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.B3)
1996        Nov 25, In Belgrade, Serbia, 100,000 demonstrators protested the nullification of municipal election results.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.B2)

1996        Nov 26, Fees to national parks and wilderness areas in the US were increased.
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 26, The Sands Hotel in Las Vegas was blown up to make room for a new Sheldon Adelson 6,000 room Venetian theme resort.
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.D2)
1996        Nov 26, Major-league baseball owners reversed course, approving the same collective bargaining agreement they had rejected just three weeks earlier.
    (AP, 11/26/97)
1996        Nov 26, President Clinton ended his 12-day Pacific trip with a stopover in Thailand.
    (AP, 11/26/97)
1996        Nov 26, O.J. Simpson finished three days of testimony at a civil trial in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 11/26/97)
1996        Nov 26-1996 Nov 27, Mayor Giuliani closed the streets of NYC to all but emergency traffic after a snow storm dropped 20 inches.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.28)
1996        Nov 26, Separatists in Nagorno-Karabakh elected their first president, Robert Kocharian, despite opposition from Azerbaijan.
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.A13)
1996        Nov 26, In Belarus supporters of President Alexander Lukashenko broke away from Parliament, setting up their own assembly.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
1996        Nov 26, In Peru Gen’l Rodolfo Robles was arrested at the request of the Supreme Military Justice Council for insubordination. [see 1992]
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.A13)

1996        Nov 27, A federal judge blocked enforcement of a California initiative to dismantle affirmative action, saying civil rights groups had a "strong probability" of proving it unconstitutional.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1996        Nov 27, Evan C. Hunziker, an American jailed by North Korea on spy charges, was set free, ending a three-month ordeal.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1996        Nov 27, In Bosnia Gen’l. Ratko Mladic agreed to resign. He passed authority to his deputy Gen’l. Manojlo Milovanovich.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.B7)
1996        Nov 27, A Russian military cargo plane, an Ilyushin-76, crashed in central Siberia and 23 were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.B6)
1996        Nov 27, Turkish troops killed 27 Kurdish rebels and lost 6 soldiers in fighting over the past 2 days.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.B6)

1996        Nov 28, Defense Secretary William Perry joined U.S. soldiers in the mud and freezing rain of Bosnia-Herzegovina to deliver a Thanksgiving message of discipline and patience for their still-unfinished peacekeeping mission.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1996        Nov 28, A stuck hatch on the space shuttle Columbia prevented two astronauts from going on a spacewalk. A second planned spacewalk also had to be canceled; engineers later discovered a loose screw had jammed the hatch mechanism.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1996        Nov 28, Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin made a 3-day visit to India, the first ever.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.B8)
1996        Nov 28, In Greece farmers began a crippling blockade of roads and railways to back their demands for better price supports, cheaper fuel, debt rescheduling, and lower taxes on agricultural equipment.
    (WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 28, In Lebanon demonstrations against Prime Minister Hariri’s handling of the economy were broken up with tanks and troops in Beirut.
    (WSJ, 11/29/96, p.A1)

1996        Nov 29, John C. Salvi III, serving a life sentence for fatally shooting two receptionists at an abortion clinic, hanged himself in his Massachusetts prison cell.
    (AP, 11/29/97)
1996        Nov 29, A U.N. court sentenced Bosnian Serb army soldier Drazen Erdemovic to 10 years in prison for his role in the massacre of 1,200 Muslims -- the first international war crimes sentence since World War II.
    (AP, 11/29/97)
1996        Nov 29, A Canadian-led int’l. force won approval to provide humanitarian aid. The force would be based in Uganda.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 29, In France truckers signed agreements to end a 12-day strike. The government agreed to allow early retirement at age 55 with boosts in sick pay. An issue of work hours was still pending.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A14)
1996        Nov 29, In Serbia the opposition coalition Zajedno (Together) continued protests in Belgrade against Slobodan Milosevic.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A12)

1996        Nov 30, Novelty singer Tiny Tim (71), best remembered for his '60s rendition of "Tiptoe Thru' the Tulips," died in Minneapolis.
    (AP, 11/30/97)(MC, 11/30/01)
1996        Nov 30, The current UN mandate in Haiti expired. It was extended one year.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A7)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.A20)
1996        Nov 30, In Serbia some 150,000 people filled the streets of Belgrade to protest against Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/97)
1996        Nov 30, In Sierra Leone Pres. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah and rebel leader Foday Sankoh signed a peace accord. Nearly 1 million displaced people have settled in camps around the capital, Freetown.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A13)
1996        Nov 30, It was reported that in the Tororo district of southeastern Uganda, Okecho killed a male baboon for damaging his maize and banana plantations. Some 30 baboons mourned the death of their comrade and carried him off. The baboons later returned and killed Okecho and pulled out his heart.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A10)
1996        Nov 30, In Zaire a volcano erupted near the Rwanda-Uganda border.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)

1996        Nov, A US industry team, Boeing, Lockheed Martin and TRW, won a $1.1 billion contract for the initial weapon work for a Boeing 747 to be equipped with lasers that could zap enemy missiles before their warhead was deployed.
    (SFC, 9/30/97, p.A6)
1996        Nov, Roisin McAliskey, the daughter of Bernadette Devlin, was arrested for the IRA mortar attack on the British base at Osnabrueck, Germany.
    (SFC, 3/10/98, p.A9)
1996        Nov, Canada revised rules on overseas sales of ecologically sensitive technology to enable the sale of two 700-megawat Candu 6, nuclear reactors to  China. The $3 billion project will be built in Qinshan and financed by a $1.1 billion loan from Ottawa.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A11)
1996        Nov, In Cambodia the IMF canceled a $20 million loan because of the government’s failure to halt illegal logging and channel timber revenue into its budget.
    (SFC, 4/29/97, p.A10)
1996        Nov, Cambodian leader Hun Sen and businessman Theng Bunma attended the wedding of Indonesian businessman Ted Sioeng’s daughter Laureen and Subandi Tanuwidjaja in Hong Kong.
    (WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A22)
1996        Nov, The Canadian firm Hurricane Hydrocarbons Ltd. (later known as PetroKazakhstan Inc. of Calgary) won the bidding in the Kazakhstan’s first oilfield privatization. For $120 million it acquired a field producing 50,000 barrels a day with reserves of 340 million barrels. The deal was accompanied by an array of social obligations. It later faced problems with the Kazakh government over fuel pricing and environmental rules.
    (WSJ, 11/18/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A11)
1996        Nov, China formed a Selection Committee to choose the first post-colonial chief executive and provisional legislature in Hong Kong.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1996        Nov, From Dili, Indonesia, Jose Ramos Horta in 1997 presented video images taken at time of torture of East Timorese youths to the United Nations Human Rights Committee.
    (SFC, 4/8/97, p.A9)
1996        Nov, In Mexico a new insurgency group called ERIP (Revolutionary Army of Popular Insurgence) was reported in the mountains of the Papalopan region of Oaxaca.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.T9)
1996        Nov, The independent Arab Al-Jazeera TV news network began operating as the 1st all-news Arabic satellite channel from Doha, Qatar. It was financed by Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, emir of Qatar. In 2002 Mohammed El-Nawawy and Adel Iskandar authored "Al-Jazeera: How the Free Arab News Network Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East."
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A21)(SSFC, 5/19/02, p.M1)(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.D1)(WSJ, 4/30/04, p.A4)

1996        Dec 1, The Arab League held an emergency meeting in Cairo, after which it warned Israel that peace efforts would be endangered if Israel insisted on expanding Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 12/1/97)
1996        Dec 1, In the Central African Republic army factions in Bangui began fighting. Rebel troops of the Yakoma tribe seized key points.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)

1996        Dec 2, Arizona financier Charles Keating Jr., a central figure in the most notorious savings-and-loan debacle of the 1980s, won a new federal trial because jurors had learned of his prior fraud conviction in state court before convicting him of fraud and racketeering. Keating negotiated a plea settlement in 1999 with no additional prison time and no admittance of swindling elderly investors. Charges against his son were also dropped.
    (AP, 12/2/97)(SFC, 4/7/99, p.A3)
1996        Dec 2, Scientists disclosed that a suspected pond of ice was found in a deep crater of the moon. Astronomers of Cornell Univ. in 1997 wrote that they saw no evidence for ice on the moon.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/1/97, p.A1)
1996        Dec 2, In Corsica four main separatist groups vied for power, the strongest of which was the FLNC (Corsican National Liberation Front), whose Cuncolta political arm was led by Francois Santoni. In the capital of Ajaccio, the French prefect was Claude Erignac.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A15)
1996        Dec 2, In France the Roussel Uclaf SA, a pharmaceutical firm mostly owned by Hoechst of Germany, agreed to reduce the workweek for 7,000 domestic employees to 35 from 38 hours without pay cuts. Employees will also get less in profit sharing but more vacation.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A17)
1996        Dec 2, India and China agreed to troop withdrawals along their 2,500 mile border, and pledged not to use military force against one another.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A13)
1996        Dec 2, In India a bomb on a train near Chandigarh in the Punjab region killed 12 and injured 37.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 2, In Mexico Pres. Ernesto Zedillo fired Attorney Gen’l. Antonio Lozano Gracia, the only non-PRI cabinet member. He was succeeded by Jorge Madrazo Cuellar, the head of the human-rights commission.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 2, In Moldova Petru Lucinschi, a top Communist official in Soviet days, beat incumbent Mircea Snegur 53% to 47%.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 2, In Pakistan Imran Khan, former cricket player, led the Movement for Justice Party and planned to run for prime minister.
    (WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 3, In Hawaii Judge Kevin Chang ruled that the state had to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples (allow gay marriages), prompting an appeal.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.A3)(AP, 12/3/97)
1996        Dec 3, The Justice Department barred 16 Japanese army veterans suspected of World War II atrocities from entering the United States.
    (AP, 12/3/97)
1996        Dec 3, In Burma riot police dispersed hundreds of student demonstrators and detained dozens outside Rangoon at the Schwedagon Pagoda.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A13)
1996        Dec 3, In France a bomb exploded in the Paris subway at the Port-Royal station. Two (4) people were killed and dozens injured. It appeared to be the work of Algerian extremists.
    (WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/3/97)
1996        Dec 3, In Mexico Fernando Balderas, lawyer-journalist, and his wife Yolanda Figueroa and 3 children were beaten to death. The couple had reported exposes on drugs and corruption in the government. Balderas published the magazine Fourth Power. Alejandro Perez, the family chauffeur, later confessed to participating in the killings with 2 others because Balderas had raped the gardener’s wife and attempted to rape his wife. Balderas had helped his wife write "The Boss of the Gulf," about drug cartel leader Juan Garcia Abrego.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/26/96, p.B4)
1996        Dec 3, In Belgrade, Serbia, Milosevic gagged the independent radio stations, Radio B-92 and Boom 93. Protests continued.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C2)

1996        Dec 4, Judge Kevin Chang put a stay on the order that Hawaii allow gay marriages pending a ruling by the state Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.A3)
1996        Dec 4, The Mars Pathfinder [delayed from Dec 2] was launched from Cape Canaveral on a 310 million-mile odyssey to explore the planet's surface. It had a remote-controlled 22-pound, 6-wheel, roving vehicle to sample Martian soil and rock and send data back beginning on Jul 4, 1997.
    (SFC, 8/8/96,p.A6)(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A4)(SFC, 12/4/96, p.A4)(AP, 12/4/97)
1996        Dec 4, In South Africa a new constitution was given final approval. It would go into full effect in 1999.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C2)
1996        Dec 4, In Tajikistan government troops repulsed an attack by Islamic rebels. Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov was to meet with the Muslim opposition. Russia had 25,000 troops guarding the 900-mile border with Afghanistan where the rebels had bases.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)
1996        Dec 4, In Zaire government troops went on a rampage of looting and raping in Kisangani. Rebels announced the capture of Kindu 250 miles south of Kisangani.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)

1996        Dec 5, President Clinton announced the foreign policy team for his second term, including Madeleine Albright as the first female secretary of state, Sen. William Cohen of Maine, a Republican, as defense secretary and Anthony Lake as CIA director.
    (WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/5/97)
1996        Dec 5, Alan Greenspan warned that investors could be succumbing to "irrational exuberance." Nasdaq closed at 1300.12.
    (WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)
1996        Dec 5, An African Summit opened in Burkina Faso. New candidates for the position of UN Secretary-general were to be considered.
    (WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 5, In Colombia Isidro Gil, a union leader at a Carepa Coca-Cola bottling plant, was killed at work. It was later alleged that the plant manager hired right-wing paramilitary to help wipe out union activity. In 2002 the labor union filed suit against Coca-Cola in Miami.
    (SFC, 6/6/02, p.A11)
1996        Dec 5, In Iran the Parliament passed legislation that banned the use of foreign words and names in the country. Only Farsi language names would be allowed.
    (WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 5, In Serbia Milosevic allowed the radio stations to resume broadcasting. The disputed elections were to be reviewed by the Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 12/6/96, p.B2)

1996        Dec 6, Stock markets around the world plunged after comments by Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan were taken to mean that U.S. stock prices were too high.
    (AP, 12/6/06)
1996        Dec 6, Pete Rozelle, former NFL football commissioner, died in Rancho Santa Fe, Calif., at age 70.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/97)
1996        Dec 6, In Algeria in the last 2 days 29 civilians have had their throats slit by rebels.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A10)
1996        Dec 6, In France the National Assembly approved tax breaks for Corsica.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A10)

1996        Dec 7, The space shuttle Columbia landed at the Kennedy Space Center, ending a nearly 18-day mission marred by a jammed hatch that prevented two planned spacewalks.
    (AP, 12/7/97)

1996        Dec 8, The Serbian Supreme Court ruled against opposition parties who said Slobodan Milosevic had robbed them of an election victory in Belgrade.
    (AP, 12/8/97)
1996        Dec 8, In the Central African Republic the government and army mutineers agreed to a 15-day truce. The rebel ranks were dominated by the southern Bayas.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 8, In Ghana Rawlings defeated John Kufuor and his Great Alliance Party in elections 57% to 40%.
    (WSJ, 12/12/96, p.A13)
1996        Dec 8, In Zaire rebels surrounded Bunia, the last government held town in eastern Zaire. Government troops were looting and targeting Greek merchants and members of the Nande ethnic group.
    (SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)

1996        Dec 9, More than four months after the Olympic Games bombing, the FBI posted a $500,000 reward. Richard Jewell, the security guard who was wrongfully accused of planting a bomb during the Olympics, and his lawyers negotiated a $500,000 settlement from NBC. NBC settled to avert a defamation suit.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/97)
1996        Dec 9, Archaeologist and anthropologist Mary Leakey died in Nairobi, Kenya at age 83.
    (SFC, 12/10/96, p.A6)(AP, 12/9/97)
1996        Dec 9, UN chief Boutros-Ghali gave Iraq the go-ahead to resume oil exports for the first time since 1990 to buy food and medicine. Two billion of oil sales will be allowed every 6 months to buy food, medicine and other necessities. In 1999 Ghali published "Unvanquished: A US-UN Saga.
    (WSJ, 12/9/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/9/97)(SFEC, 8/8/99, BR p.5)
1996        Dec 9-1996 Dec 10, David Coffin Jr., heir to a Connecticut family that founded the Dexter Corp., was killed. In 2005 Scott Winfield Davis (40), was arrested in Palo Alto, Ca., for the Atlanta shooting death of David Coffin Jr. Initial charges against Davis were dropped in 1998 due to insufficient evidence.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.B3)

1996        Dec 10, Roman Catholic Bishop Filipe Ximenes Belo and exiled activist Jose Ramos Horta, opponents of Indonesia's occupation of East Timor, accepted the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1996        Dec 10, On International Human Rights Day, President Clinton urged the Senate to embrace a 17-year-old treaty barring abuses against women.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1996        Dec 10, In Armenia the Supreme Court sentenced 3 members of the outlawed Dashnaksitun political party to death on terrorism charges.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 10, The French African aid budget was more than $3 billion, nearly 4 times that of the US aid to Africa. French troops were garrisoned in Cameroon, the CAR, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Gabon and Senegal.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 10, In Gabon Pres. Bongo was believed to be among the world’s richest individuals.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 10, NATO took formal steps to expand and reassured Russia that it had no plans to move nuclear weapons into the territory of new members.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 10, In South Africa Pres. Nelson Mandela signed the finished constitution, largely the work of Albie Sachs.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, z1 p.7)
1996        Dec 10, In South Africa a policeman convicted of 11 murders in a botched 1988 assassination attempt and serving a 30-year sentence was freed from prison by the amnesty panel.
    (WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 10, The US refused to provide aid to Togo because of endemic corruption and repression but France has resumed a major aid program.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 10, In Turkey the military purged 70 officers and non-commissioned in a continuing effort to purge Muslim fundamentalists from its ranks.
    (WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 11, William McNeill, American historian, won the Erasmus Prize and $172,000. The prize is awarded to people or institutions that have made an exceptionally important contribution to European culture, society or social science.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.C10)
1996        Dec 11, In Hong Kong a China-organized panel of 400 business leaders approved shipping tycoon Tung Chee-hwa as the chief executive of the semi-autonomous government when China recovers sovereignty on Jul 1, 1997.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C3)(AP, 12/11/97)
1996        Dec 11, A mother and son were killed and 5 others wounded when Palestinian militants raked a settler’s car with gunfire in the West Bank. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a Damascus based faction that opposed the PLO’s peace with Israel was blamed. It was the 28th anniversary of the PFLP.
    (SFC, 12/12/96, p.C2)
1996        Dec 11, In Russia union leaders decided to end the coal miners’ strike. Up to 400,000 miners had taken part.
    (WSJ, 12/12/96, p.A13)
1996        Dec 11, In Rwanda the government published a list of 1,946 suspects ineligible for any punishment less than the firing squad for the 1994 genocide.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C2)

1996        Dec 12, Jonas Mekas, president of the Anthology Film Archives, received a special citation from the New York Film Critics’ Circle for his longtime contributions of independent film.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.C8)
1996        Dec 12, Hollywood power broker Michael Ovitz resigned as Walt Disney Company's No. 2 executive.
    (AP, 12/12/97)
1996        Dec 12, Scientists announced that the Jovian moon, Ganymede, possesses a strong magnetic field due to a molten core. Its outer layer solid ice was said to measure some 500 miles thickness.
    (SFC, 12/12/96, p.A2)
1996        Dec 12, In Indonesia Muchtar Pakpahan, leader of the independent labor union, went on trial with members of the leftist political party in connection with the July riots.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B4)
1996        Dec 12, An accord to abolish tariffs on high tech goods was reached in Singapore at the WTO meeting. The Information Technology Agreement to abolish import duties on high-tech equipment would be in effect from Jul 1, 1997 to Jan 1, 2000.
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/14/96, p.D1)   
1996        Dec 12, In Iraq Uday Hussein, eldest son of Sadam, was wounded in a car ambush by assailants with machine guns and grenades. The Mohammed Madhlum Dulaimi Group claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A11)

1996        Dec 13, Pres. Clinton nominated Bill Daley, a Chicago attorney, as commerce secretary, and Bill Richardson as US ambassador to the UN.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/13/97)
1996        Dec 13, The U.N. Security Council chose Kofi Annan of Ghana to become the world body's seventh secretary-general.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/13/97)
1996        Dec 13, Trade ministers from 28 countries meeting in Singapore endorsed a U.S.-crafted trade pact to abolish import duties on computers, software and other high-tech products.
    (AP, 12/13/97)
1996        Dec 13, In Russia a new statue of Peter the Great, meant to honor the navy that he built, was made by Georgian artist Zurab Tsereteli and erected on the Moscow River. The artist was a close friend of Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.A10)(SFC, 3/17/97, p.A8)
1996        Dec 13, In Serbia the demonstrations spread to 10 cities.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.A10)

1996        Dec 14, Teamsters President Ron Carey won election to a second term. Later, the results were overturned, and Carey was barred from a rerun vote by a court-appointed monitor who ruled that Carey had used union money for his campaign.
    (AP, 12/14/97)
1996        Dec 14, In New Orleans, the 700-foot freighter, Bright Field, lost power on the Mississippi River, went out of control and slammed into a riverfront structure and then hit a crowded mall. No one was killed.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/97)
1996        Dec 14, Rwandan refugees, who previously refused to return home, began re-entering Rwanda after 2 1/2 years in Tanzania.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1996        Dec 15, The Tyco Toys Tickle Me Elmo stuffed animal that giggles and says "that tickles" when squeezed retailed for $30 and was flying out of stores. It was based on a character from the children’s TV show Sesame Street.
    (WSJ, 12/16/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 9/15/06, p.B1)
1996        Dec 15, Boeing Co. announced plans to pay $13.3 billion to acquire rival aircraft manufacturer McDonnell Douglas Corp.
    (WSJ, 12/16/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/15/97)
1996        Dec 15, In Mexico Humberto Roque Villanueva was sworn in as the new head of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A25)

1996        Dec 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that states must let parents appeal orders terminating such rights even when they cannot afford court fees.
    (AP, 12/16/97)
1996        Dec 16, Intel announced the world’s fastest computer capable of 1 trillion operations per second.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 16, The US, EU and other countries agreed to a package of economic and military assistance to Lebanon worth $2.2 billion. The US said that its aid would increase to more than $20 million next year.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B3)
1996        Dec 16, Former South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan, condemned to death for a 1979 coup and a deadly military crackdown the next year, had his death sentence commuted to life by an appellate court.
    (SFC, 12/16/96, p.A16)(AP, 12/16/97)
1996        Dec 16, In Serbia Milosevic granted opponents the original election results in Nis and a recount in Smederovska Palanka, 2 of the 15 cities where election results had been annulled.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B2)

1996        Dec 17, Kofi Annan of Ghana was elected by acclamation as the 7th Secretary-General of the UN. His 5-year term will start Jan 1.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C2)(AP, 12/17/97)
1996        Dec 17, Six Red Cross workers were slain in their sleep and a 7th was wounded by as many as 15 attackers in Chechnya. The Red Cross immediately suspended all operations in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/17/97)
1996        Dec 17, The Chinese stock market continued to tumble and authorities deployed plainclothes police to keep order among angry investors outside security brokerage houses in the major cities. The drop started when the official People’s Daily newspaper warned that the stock market was overvalued.
    (WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A16)
1996        Dec 17, Sun Yaoting (b.1902), China’s last known eunuch, died.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B6)
1996        Dec 17, In Peru guerrillas took over a party at the house of the Japanese ambassador in Lima. They identified themselves as members of the Tupac Amaru guerrilla movement and demanded the release of imprisoned guerrillas. Nestor Cerpa Cartolini was later identified as the leader of the 20 or so guerrillas. Cerpa’s common-law wife, Nancy Gilvonio, was one of the imprisoned guerrillas whom he demanded be released. Pres. Fujimori’s brother was one of the hostages. All but 72 hostages were later released; the siege ended April 22, 1997, with a commando raid that resulted in the deaths of all the rebels, two commandos and one hostage.
    (SFC,12/25/96,p.A12)(SFC,1/7/97,p.A10)(SFC,1/17/96, p.A12)(AP, 12/17/97)
1996        Dec 17, The Russian Booker Prize for literature, inaugurated in 1992, was awarded to Andrei Sergeyev for his book "Stamp Album."
1996        Dec 17, In Russia an AN-12 military transport crashed and killed all 17 people onboard shortly after takeoff from St. Petersburg. Colonel General Sergei Seleznyov, commander of the Leningrad military district, was among the dead.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 17, In Somalia militia fighters of Ali Mahdi Mohamed attacked the headquarters of Hussein Aidid in the 5th consecutive day of fighting that brought the number of dead up to 135.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 17, In Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko stage a triumphal home.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C2)

1996        Dec 18, Earl Edwin Pitts, a senior US FBI agent, was arrested on espionage charges. He was most active as a Russian spy from 1987-1992. Pitts was sentenced in June 1997 to 27 years in prison after admitting that he'd conspired and attempted to commit espionage.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/97)
1996        Dec 18, Aides to President Clinton disclosed that Asian-American businessman Charles Yah Lin Trie, who delivered $460,000 in questionable donations to the Clintons' legal defense fund, had been to the White House at least 23 times since 1993.
    (AP, 12/18/97)
1996        Dec 18, TV industry execs agreed to adopt a ratings system.
1996        Dec 18, Irving Caesar (b.1895), songwriter, died in NYC.
1996        Dec 18, Arthur Jacobs (b.1922), English musicologist, died.
1996        Dec 18, In Kenya police killed 2 students who were protesting the killing of another student on the previous day.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.C4)
1996        Dec 18, Palestinian police arrested 3 members of a militant group that killed 2 Jewish settlers on Dec 11.
    (WSJ, 12/19/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 19, The television industry unveiled a plan to rate programs using tags such as "TV-G," "TV-Y" and "TV-M."
    (AP, 12/19/97)
1996        Dec 19, The school board of Oakland, Calif., voted to recognize Black English, also known as "ebonics," in a decision that set off a firestorm of controversy. The board later reversed its stance.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A17)(SFC, 1/1/97, p.A24)(AP, 12/19/97)
1996        Dec 19, The Pentagon chose Lawrence Livermore National Labs. for a $1.1 billion super-laser project. Known as the National Ignition Facility, its goal will be to ignite a self-sustaining fusion reaction in a controlled lab setting.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.E1)
1996        Dec 19, Marcello Mastroianni (72), Italian actor, died in Paris. He appeared in 171 films and had just finished shooting "Journey to the Beginning of the World. In 1999 the documentary film "Marcello Mastroianni: I Remember" was directed by Anna Maria Tato.
    (WSJ, 12/20/96, p.A1)(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A9)(AP, 12/19/97)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.AA24)
1996        Dec 19, In Indonesia a new city was approved in Jonggol, 25 miles southeast of Jakarta. Pres. Suharto’s son, Bambang Trihatmodjo, was in charge of the consortium overseeing the project.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A6)
1996        Dec 19, In Pakistan Benazir Bhutto’s husband, the former investment minister, was released from jail, and shortly after charged with the murder of Bhutto’s brother.
    (WSJ, 12/20/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 19, Yuli Khariton (92), the Soviet nuclear scientist who helped develop the Soviet atomic bomb, died.
    (WSJ, 12/20/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 20, President Clinton selected Federico Pena as energy secretary, Rodney Slater as transportation secretary, Andrew Cuomo as housing secretary and Alexis Herman as labor secretary.
1996        Dec 20, A judge in Orange County, Calif., gave O.J. Simpson full custody of his young children.
1996        Dec 20, Carl Sagan, astronomer and writer, died in Seattle at age 62. One of his final books was "The Demon Haunted World." In 1999 Keay Davidson authored "Carl Sagan: A Life."
    (SFC, 12/21/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/97)(SFEM, 8/22/99, p.17)
1996        Dec 20, In Tajikistan lieutenants of Rizvan "Rambo" Sadirov kidnapped 23 people including 8 UN observers. They demanded that a safe corridor be created for the return of Sadirov and his fighters from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/21/96, p.A12)

1996        Dec 21, After two years of denials, House Speaker Newt Gingrich admitted violating House ethics rules.
    (AP, 12/21/97)
1996        Dec 21, Dr. David Ho, AIDS researcher, was named ‘Man of the Year" by Time Magazine.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, p.A2)(AP, 12/21/97)
1996        Dec 21, In New York City two men were shot and killed during an attempted robbery in Queens. One was an off-duty NYPD officer. George Bell, Gary Johnson and Rohan Bolt were each sentenced to at least 50 years for the deadly attempted robbery. In 2021 the men released from prison after spending 24 years behind bars for a crime they say they did not commit.
    (CBS News, 3/10/21)
1996        Dec 21, China’s rulers named 60 pro-Beijing stalwarts to a new interim legislature of Hong Kong to replace the panel elected in 1995.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)

1996        Dec 22, Eight workers were killed in an explosion at the Wyman Gordon Forgings metal-fabricating plant in northwest Houston. They had been doing maintenance on 9-story pressurized tanks.
    (SFC, 12/24/96, p.A3)(AP, 12/22/97)
1996        Dec 22, Peruvian guerrillas holding more than 360 hostages at the Japanese ambassador's residence in Lima released 225 hostages but still held 140 of their captives.
    (SFC, 12/24/96, p.A7)(AP, 12/22/97)

1996        Dec 23, President Clinton expressed gratitude to the nation's armed forces as he visited Marines at Camp Lejeune, N.C.
    (AP, 12/23/97)
1996        Dec 23, Sophie Toscan du Plantier (b.1957), the wife of high-profile French filmmaker Daniel Toscan du Plantier (d.2003), was beaten to death near her remote home in Schull. On Mar 1, 2012, Ian Bailey, a British journalist and the chief suspect in the murder, won his appeal against extradition to France. Ireland's Supreme Court refused the extradition of suspect Ian Bailey on the grounds that France had at the time not taken the decision to send him to trial. In 2019 the murder trial of Bailey began in absentia in France on May 27.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y57qezpa)(AFP, 3/1/12)(AFP, 5/27/19)
1996        Dec 23, Russian President Boris Yeltsin returned to his office at the Kremlin after a six-month bout with a heart ailment.
    (AP, 12/23/97)
1996        Dec 23, In Zaire a crises government was established under Prime Minister Leon Kengo wa Dondo. Gen’l. Likulia Bolongop was named the new defense minister.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10)

1996        Dec 24, In Bogota, Colombia, at least 37 people were killed. Mayor Antanas Mockus blamed the violence on alcohol consumption.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B4)
1996        Dec 24, In Frankfurt, Germany, a women blew herself up and 2 others were killed at Lutheran Church Singlingen South.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B3)
1996        Dec 24, In India a British made Avro Air Force plane crashed in Andhra Pradesh and killed all 22 onboard.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 24, In Peru the Uruguay ambassador was released after his country freed 2 rebels jailed there. Six ambassadors were left among the remaining 105 hostages.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 24, In Rwanda 2,000 returning Hutu refugees were arrested for participating in the 1994 genocide. They joined 85,000 already held in prisons intended for no more than 20,000.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A11)
1996        Dec 24, The streets of Belgrade, Yugoslavia, turned violent as demonstrators traded blows with supporters of President Slobodan Milosevic and then were clubbed by riot police as protests continued for the 35th day.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/24/97)
1996        Dec 24, Singapore PM Goh Chok Tong said that districts that elect opposition candidates on Jan 2, would see public-housing improvement funds cut.
    (WSJ, 12/24/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/31/96, p.1)
    (AP, 10/19/05)
1996        Dec 24, In Worcester, South Africa, 2 pipe bombs killed 1 adult and 2 children in shopping areas. The Boer Attack Troop claimed responsibility. in 1997 Jan van der Westhuizen (44), Clifton Barnard (41) and Abraham Myburgh (24) were convicted and given sentences of life in prison for the bombing that killed 4 people.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10)(SFC, 1/6/97, p.A9)(SFC,10/24/97, p.D6)
1996        Dec 24, In South Korea 6 Chinese sailors were sentenced to death for murder during a mutiny Aug 2 on their fishing vessel when their captain and 10 mates were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/26/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 25, Croatian Serbs attacked Croats who had been bused in to their former hometown in Eastern Slavonia for Christmas services.
    (WSJ, 12/26/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 25, In Gabon officials said that Pres. Bongo’s ruling party swept 47 of 55 parliamentary seats in elections last week.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B4)
1996        Dec 25, In Malaysia tropical storm Greg killed at least 163 people in the northern Borneo state of Sabah.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)
1996        Dec 25, Some 280 migrants from India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were suspected of having drowned in the Mediterranean while being transshipped in the Malta-Sicily channel. At least 283 people died while on the illegal voyage from Alexandria to Italy.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.A13)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.21)
1996        Dec 25, Peruvians held candles high and prayed outside the Japanese ambassador's residence, where leftist rebels freed one hostage for health reasons, but continued to hold more than 100 others.
    (AP, 12/25/97)
1996        Dec 25, In Serbia Pres. Milosevic banned street demonstrations.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.A1)

1996        Dec 26, In Boulder, Colorado, 6-year-old JonBenet Ramsey was found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family home 8 hours after the mother discovered a ransom note demanding $118,000. In 1999 Lawrence Schiller authored A grand jury in 1999 completed its work and cited insufficient evidence to file charges." Perfect Murder, Perfect Town: JonBenet and the City of Boulder."
    (SFC, 5/10/97, p.A3)(AP, 12/26/97)(SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.6)(SFC, 10/14/99, p.A3)
1996        Dec 26, In Algiers a car bomb exploded in a crowded suburb. At least 10 were killed and 86 injured.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.B3)
1996        Dec 26, In Belarus a $3.5-4 billion nuclear power plant was planned to be built over the next 3 years.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A4)
1996        Dec 26, In Burma two bombs exploded in Rangoon during an exhibit of a tooth believed to have belonged to Buddha. The military regime blamed student and ethnic Karen insurgents based in eastern Burma. Five people were killed.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 26, In Indonesia Muslims rioted in Tasikmalaya in western Java after police tortured 3 Muslim teachers accused of assaulting a policeman’s son.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 26, In Israel a top army official said that the focus of military training in 1997 will be to prepare for a possible war with Syria.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 26, In Japan former Prime Minister Tsutoma Hata took 12 members of the opposition party Shinshinto (New Frontier Party) with him to form the new Sun Party.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.B3)
1996        Dec 26, Honda Motor Co. announced the first human-shaped robot that can move independently and do basic tasks. It stood 6 feet and weighed 462 lbs. and took 10 years of engineering.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B10)
1996        Dec 26, In Mexico the Dept. of Commerce announced a 15% price hike in the cost of tortillas and pasteurized milk.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.B3)
1996        Dec 26, In Serbia riot police cleared tens of thousands off the streets of central Belgrade but allowed a smaller protest of 15,000 at the pedestrian Square of the Republic. Patriarch Pavle, head of the Serbian Orthodox Church, said the street violence of the previous day was caused by the authorities. Montenegro threatened to print its own money to counter the inflated dinars of the Milosevic regime.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 26, In South Korea tens of thousands of workers went on strike to protest a new labor bill that gave employers the right to lay off workers and allowed flexible working hours. A spy bill also passed to crack down on dissent.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B9)

1996        Dec 27, Officials of NBC and Panasonic activated the new 891 sq. foot Astrovision screen near the base of One Times Square, New York.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A6)
1996        Dec 27, Officials in Las Vegas announced that the 12-story, 900-room, 10-year-old Hacienda Hotel would be blown up on New Year’s Eve. A new 4,000 room resort owned by Circus Circus would replace it.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A6)
1996        Dec 27, In South Bend, Ind., Annie Fulford was shot and killed during a drug-related robbery. Her boyfriend, Leif O’Connell, began a rampage and after 2 months began drive-by shootings of black men that left 1 dead and five injured. He and accomplice, Jerred Kahlenbeck, faced murder and attempted murder charges.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A2)
1996        Dec 27, In France the foreign ministry said that it would no longer participate in the Operation Provide Comfort after the end of the year. The operation was a multi-national air reconnaissance effort to safeguard Kurdish civilians in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 27, In Peru Pres. Fujimori declared a 60-day state of emergency.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 27, Russia and China agreed to remove troops along their border and to build a nuclear power plant in eastern China’s Jiangsu province with a $2.5 billion loan from Russia.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12,13)
1996        Dec 27, Some 300 people were trapped in the Roksky Pass tunnel in the Caucasus between North Ossetia and the breakaway Georgian province of South Ossetia. Also Alexander Lebed announced the new Russian Popular Republican Party.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12,13)
1996        Dec 27, In Rwanda the first trial was held in connection with the 1994 genocide. Deo Bizimana was accused of killing 20 people and ordering the massacre of thousands of others.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 27, In Tibet Ngawang Choepel, a musician on a Fullbright scholarship, was sentenced to 18 years in prison for espionage. He had arrived as a Chinese citizen in 1995 to make a documentary on folk music and dance.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)
1996        Dec 27, The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), led by former Spanish Prime Minister Felipe Gonzalez, recognized the Yugoslavia opposition victories in the Nov 17 local elections.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 27, In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, about 60,000 opposition supporters defied riot police and rallied in celebration of an international report backing their triumph over Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic in recent local elections.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1996        Dec 28, Leftist rebels in Peru released 20 more hostages, including two ambassadors, from Japan's embassy residence, following the first face-to-face talks between guerrillas and the government's negotiator.
    (SFC, 12/29/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/28/97)

1996        Dec 29, In Egypt the government arrested 240 linked to the outlawed Islamic group the "Kotbioun," a violent branch of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)
1996        Dec 29, In Guatemala City the Accord on the Firm and Lasting Peace was signed at the National Palace ending 36 years of civil conflict during which an estimated 250,000 people died or disappeared. One rebel unit in Quetzaltenango, the Organization of the People in Arms, refused to take part. The accord included provisions for education in 23 regional languages with Spanish. The peace accord mandated a report by a UN "Historical Clarification Commission." The report was completed and made public in 1999. In 2000 Susanne Jonas authored “Of Centaurs and Doves: Guatemala’s Peace Process."
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A15)(SFC, 12/30/96, p.A7)(SFC, 5/27/97, p.A12) (AP, 12/29/97)(SFC, 2/26/99, p.A17)(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A22)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.33)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.12)(SFC, 12/30/17, p.A4)
1996        Dec 29, N. Korea apologized to S. Korea for sending a spy submarine into South Korean waters in Sep. submarine incident.
    (WSJ, 12/30/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/29/97)

1996        Dec 30, The Clinton administration said that doctors who prescribe marijuana could be excluded from Medicare and Medicaid programs and lose the right to prescribe drugs. Voters in California and Arizona had approved measures for medical use of marijuana.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 30, Lew Ayres (88), screen actor (Salem's Lot, State Fair), died.
1996        Dec 30, In Eritrea it was reported that five Belgians were killed on an outing near Filfil along with their native driver.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A11)
1996        Dec 30, In India a bomb exploded on the Brahmputra Express train out of Gauhati in the state of Assam. About three dozen people were killed. Bodo insurgents were suspected.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10)(AP, 12/30/97)
1996        Dec 30, From Turkey a raid by 5,000 troops into Iraq left 72 Kurdish guerrillas and 2 Turkish soldiers dead.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.1)

1996        Dec 31, In China former student leader Li Hai was sentenced to 9 years in prison on charges of prying into state secrets.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C2)
1996        Dec 31, Leftist rebels in Peru released two diplomats, leaving 81 hostages in the besieged Japanese embassy residence in Lima.
    (AP, 12/31/97)
1996        Dec 31, In Syria a New Year’s Eve bomb on a bus killed 9 and injured 44.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A17)

1996        Dec, CIA Director John Deutch stepped down as the top spy and was succeeded by George Tenet. An investigation soon began over classified materials on Deutch's personal computer.
    (SFC, 4/12/99, p.A4)(SFC, 2/1/00, p.A3)
1996        Dec, The US raised the amount of revenue banks could derive from securities operations to 25% from 10%.
    (WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A6)
1996        Dec, Apple Comp. hired co-founder Steve Jobs as a consultant and purchased his NeXt Software Inc. for $430 million.
    (SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
1996        Dec, In Albania the first anti-government protests due to the collapse of investment funds were staged in Skanderbeg Square in Tirana.
    (SFC, 3/17/97, p.D2)
1996        Dec, In Algeria authorities shut down the newspaper La Nation run by Salima Ghezali.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.C2)
1996        Dec, The Lisbon Summit of Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe chose Azerbaijan’s argument for territorial integrity over Armenia’s argument for self-determination in Nagorno-Karabakh.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A18)
1996        Dec, Britain and Australia announced that they would also withdraw from the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
    (SFC, 2/17/96, p.A14)
1996        Dec, In Burma the universities were closed.
    (SFC, 5/27/97, p.A11)
1996        Dec, In Colombia the defense minister offered a $1 million reward for the capture of Carlos Castanos, leader of a right-wing paramilitary group.
    (SFC, 3/26/97, p.C2)
1996        Dec, Wim Duisenberg of the Netherlands was approved to run the European Monetary Institute in Frankfurt, Germany.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D6)
1996        Dec, In Russia Alexander Nikitin, former Russian Navy captain, was released by the FSB from jail after 10 months for his 2 chapters in the book: "The Russian Northern Fleet: Sources of Radioactive Contamination."
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A12)
1996        Dec, In Saudi Arabia Yvonne Gilford (55), an Australian nurse, was stabbed and bludgeoned to death at the King Fahd Military Medical Center in Dammam. Two other nurses, Deborah Parry (38) and Lucille McLaughlan (30) were accused of the murder. Their sentences were commuted and the accused nurses were released May 20, 1998. McLaughlan faced charges in Scotland of stealing $2,800 from a dying AIDS patient in 1996 before leaving for Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 9/26/97, p.A14)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A19)
1996        Dec, In Saudi Arabia Abdul-Karim Naqshabandi, a foreign worker, was executed after refusing to falsely testify against another employer. His employer, a nephew of the king, demanded his death on false charges of witchcraft.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A15)
1996        Dec, Femmes Africa Solidarite (FAS), founded by Bineta Diop (46) of Senegal, gained official recognition as an international NGO.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
1996        Dec, In Transdniestria Mr. Igor Smirnov was re-elected as president in elections viewed as a charade.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)

1996        Dec-Jan, In Zaire hundreds of Hutu refugees were killed by rebels as they headed back home on the road from Hombo to Walikale.
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.A12)

1996        William Bailey made his color aquatint "Umbria Verde" at Crown Point Press.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, DB p.37)

1996        Robert Rauschenberg painted "Cloister (Arcadian Retreat)."
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.E3)

1996        Frank Stella painted "Karpathenburg I, II, III."
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.E1)

1996        Sarah Kane (d.1999 at 28) wrote her play "Phaedra's Love." In the play a character's genitals are cooked on a griddle. Other plays included "Blasted," "Cleansed" and "Crave."
     (SFC, 2/25/99, p.C2)

1996        Stephen Ambrose authored "Undaunted Courage," an account of the Lewis and Clark expedition.
    (WSJ, 8/20/01, p.A8)

1996        "Reel Justice - The Courtroom Goes to the Movies" was written by Michael Asimov and Paul Bergman.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, zone 1 p.4)

1996        "Plants, People, and Culture: The Science of Ethnobotony" was published by Michael J. Balick and Paul Alan Cox.
    (NH, 7/96, p.6)

1996        Whitney Balliet, jazz critic for the New Yorker magazine, authored “American Musicians II," an expanded version of his work from a decade earlier.
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)

1996        David Bankier (1947-2010), prominent Israeli Holocaust scholar, authored "The Germans and the Final Solution: Public Opinion Under Nazism."
    (AP, 2/28/10)

1996        William Bennett, John DiIulio and John Walters authored “Body Count," a look at urban violence.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.92)

1996        "This Business Has Legs" by Peter Bieler was published. He tells of how he transformed an exercise device into a patented fad called ThighMaster and grossed $100 million.
    (SFC, 7/17/96, p.E7)

1996        Dr. Michael J. Behe authored "Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution." He argued that various biochemical structures could not have been built in a stepwise Darwinian fashion.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, p.A6)

1996        Peter L. Bernstein wrote "Against the Gods, The Remarkable Story of Risk."
    (WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A18)

1996        Edmund Carpenter published the book: "Patterns that Connect, Social Symbolism in Ancient and Tribal Art" that distilled the work of fellow art historian, Carl Schuster (1904-1969) who was responsible for a 12-volume series of research on patterns in art objects.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.7)

1996        Manuel Castells began his three-volume study: "The Information Age." The 3-volume work was completed in 1998. The work established him as the "Philosopher of the Web."
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.B1)

1996        Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker edited "The Reader’s Companion to Military History." The encyclopedia runs alphabetically and chronologically from biblical times to the current Balkan turmoil.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, Par p.13)

1996        Jimmy Carter published his book "Living Faith."
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  zone 3 p.3)

1996        French author Andre Comte-Sponville authored "A Small Treatise on the Great Virtues." The English translation was published in 2001.
    (WSJ, 9/5/01, p.A24)

1996        Richard Dawkins wrote "Climbing Mount Improbable," an examination and explanation of Darwin’s theory of evolution.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.D4)

1996        "Max Weber: Politics and the Spirit of Tragedy" by John Patrick Diggins was published. Max Weber (1864-1920), German sociologist, drew strong connection between Protestantism and the rise of capitalism. His books included “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism" (1905). "He was the first sociologist to grasp that the universe has no true meaning."

1996        Stuart Ewen authored “PR! A Social History of Spin."

1996        Marion Fasel and Penny Prodow wrote "Diamonds: A Century of Spectacular Jewels."
    (SFEM, 1/26/97, p.50)

1996        Robert Gates (b.1943), former director of the CIA (1991-1993), authored his autobiography “From the Shadows."
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Gates)

1996        William Gibson’s novel "Idoru" was published. It was set in about 2036 and envisioned many abandoned Web sites.
    (WSJ, 3/11/97, p.B1)

1996        Hannah Green’s (1927-1996) novel "The Dead of the House" was re-issued. Her latest book: "Golden Spark, Little Saint: My Book of the Hours of Saint Foy" was scheduled for publication in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/19/96, A22)

1996        Mikhail Gorbachev wrote his Memoirs.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, BR p.7)

1996        Robert Gottlieb edited “Reading Jazz," an anthology of writing on jazz.
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)

1996        John Grisham published "The Runaway Jury," the highest selling, fiction hardback of the year (2.7 mil copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R22)

1996        Andy Grove, head of Intel Corp., authored "Only the Paranoid Survive."

1996        "The Grove Dictionary of Art" in 34 volumes was published by Grove’s Dictionaries Inc. The set was priced at $8,800. A Grove web site in 1999 linked images directly to Museum web sites.
    (WSJ, 10/10/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 2/12/99, p.W9)

1996        David H. Hackworth (1931-2005), Vietnam war veteran, and Tom Mathews authored “Hazardous Duty: America's Most Decorated Living Soldier Reports from the Front and Tells It the Way It Is."
    (SFC, 5/7/05, p.B5)

1996        Dr. Robert G. Heath (d.1999 at 84 published "Exploring the Mind-Brain Relationship."
    (SFC, 9/27/99, p.A26)

1996        John Horgan authored "The End of Science," in which he claimed that all major scientific discoveries had been made.
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, BR p.12)

1996        Samuel Huntington, a Harvard professor, authored his best-selling book: "The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order."
    (WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A18)(Econ, 10/24/09, SR p.10)

1996        Douglas H. Irwin, Dartmouth Professor, published "An Intellectual History of Free Trade."
    (WSJ, 7/12/99, p.A28)

1996        Kennell Jackson (1941-2005), Stanford Univ. history professor, authored “America Is Me: The Most Asked and Least Understood Questions About Black American History."
    (SFC, 11/29/05, p.B7)

1996        Donald Johanson and Blake Edwards wrote "From Lucy to Language."
    (NH, 4/97, p.69)

1996        Tony Judt authored “Europe: The Grand Illusion," his pessimistic take on the EU’s future.
    (Econ 7/29/17, p.46)

1996        Donald Kagan wrote "On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace."
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A22)

1996        Caroline Knapp (1960-2002) authored her memoir "Drinking: A Love Story."
    (SFC, 6/10/02, p.B6)

1996        "Women of the Beat Generation" was written by Brenda Knight.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.C6)

1996        Joseph LeDoux, professor of neuroscience ay NYU, authored “The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life."
    (Econ, 7/26/08, p.83)

1996        The "Manual of the Perfect Latin American Idiot" by Alvaro Vargas Llosa, Carlos Alberto Montaner (Cuban novelist) and Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza was published and became a best seller in Latin America. Chapter 3 was dedicated to explaining the importance of Uruguayan Marxist Eduardo Galeano’s book “Open Veins of Latin America" (1971).
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A9)(WSJ, 4/27/09, p.A13)

1996        "Some Remarkable Men: Further Memoirs" by James Lord was published. It included observations on Harold Acton (model for Anthony Blanche in Evelyn Waugh’s "Brideshead Revisited"), the painter Balthus (Balthazar Klossowski), Jean Genet, Picasso, Lady Cunard, and the Giacometti brothers.
    (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A14)

1996        Alberto Manguel wrote "A History of Reading."
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.13)

1996        Mirjana Markovic in Serbia published her book: "Between East and South," based on her newspaper columns.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A23)

1996        James McBride authored “The Color of Water: A Black Man’s Tribute to His White Mother.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.E5)

1996        The memoir "Angela's Ashes" by  Frank McCourt (1931-2009) was elected the number-one nonfiction book by Time and Newsweek.
    (WSJ, 9/17/99, p.W11)

1996        James Michener wrote "This Noble Land: My Vision of America."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1996        Jack Miles published "God: A Biography."
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, BR p.9)

1996        "Volkswagen and Its Workers in the Third Reich" was written by Hans Mommsen and Manfred Grieger. It was sponsored by VW under a $2.2 mil grant.
    (WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A1)

1996        Patrick O’Brian published his 18th volume of the Aubrey-Maturin series of historical novels of seafaring voyages and extended naval battles of the Napoleonic wars.
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, BR p.6)

1996        Marjorie Perloff wrote "Wittgenstein’s Ladder: Poetic Language and the Strangeness of the Ordinary." Ludwig Wittgenstein wrote his "Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus" while serving in the Austrian army during WW I.
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, BR p.4)

1996        Durga Pokhrel, ex-patriot Nepalese journalist, authored “Shadow Over Shangri-La: A Woman’s Quest for Freedom."
    (SSFC, 11/12/06, p.M3)

1996        Jack Allen Powell, a Virginia Alcohol Beverage Control agent, authored "A Dying Art," a history of moonshine production in Appalachia.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, p.A12)

1996        John Shelton Reed published "1,001 Things Everyone Should Know About the South."
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.A12)

1996        Elliot Richardson (d.1999), former US Attorney General under Pres. Nixon, authored "Reflections of a Radical Moderate."
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.A25)

1996        "Spirit of the Rainforest: A Yanamama Shaman’s Story" by Mark A. Ritchie was published.
    (NH, 3/97, p.67)

1996        The book "Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb" by Mr. Rhodes, was reviewed in the Washington state Tri-City Herald.
    (Tri-City Herald, 3/3/96)

1996        Claudia Roden authored “A Book of Jewish Food: An Odyssey from Samarkand and Vilna to the Present Day."

1996        Wijnand van der Sanden, curator of the Drents Museum in Holland, authored "Through Nature to Eternity: The Bog Bodies of Northwest Europe."
    (AM, 7/97, p.62)

1996        Margaret Sanders (d.2001 at 91), the daughter of Kentucky Fried Chicken founder Col. Harland Sanders, authored "The Colonel’s Secret: Eleven Herbs and a Spicy Daughter."
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E4)

1996        Sapphire (b.1950), American performance poet born as Ramona Lofton, authored her best-selling novel “Push." In 2009 it was released in the US as a film directed by Lee Daniels.
    (Econ, 11/21/09, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precious_%28film%29)

1996        "Inside the Wigwam" by R. Craig Sautter and Edward M Burke was published. It was a guide through the fact and folklore of Chicago convention history.
    (WSJ, 8/26/96, p.A12)

1996        Richard Schickel wrote: "Clint Eastwood: A Biography."
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.E1,3)

1996        Dennis Schatzman (d.1997 at 47), author and journalist, wrote "The Simpson Trial in Black and White."
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A21)

1996        Wole Soyinka published in exile "The Open Sore of a Continent: A Personal Narrative of the Nigerian Crises."
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A12)

1996        Harlan Ullman and James Wade Jr. published "Shock and Awe," a military strategy for "rapid dominance."
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.W11)

1996        Laura Volkerding (1940-1996) published "Solomon’s Temple." It was a photographic study of the workshops of the Compagnons de Devoir, a centuries old organization of craftspeople devoted to the upkeep and repair of historical monuments.
    (SFC, 9/7/96, p.A19)

1996        Frans de Waal authored "The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and other Animals."
    (MT, Fall 02, p.33)

1996        Oprah Winfrey wrote "Make the Connection," the highest selling nonfiction hardback of the year (2.3 mil copies). She co-wrote the book with Bob Greene.
    (SFC,10/26/97, Par p.12)(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R22)

1996        Carl Woideck published "Charlie Parker--His Music and Life."
    (MT, Spg. ‘97, p.11)

1996        Richard W. Wrangham and Dale Peterson wrote "Demonic Males: Apes and the Origin of Human Violence."
    (NH, 11/96, p.12)

1996        Fred Allen Wolf wrote "How Quantum Physics Proves the Existence of the Soul."
    (KQED, radio interview,11/25/96)

1996        Robert Zubrin authored “The Case for Mars: The Plan to Settle the Red Planet and Why We Must."
    (WSJ, 12/22/08, p.A17)

1996        An article featured a selection of the 100 most memorable movie lines.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, DB, p.55)

1996        The show "Bring in Da’ Noise, Bring in Da’ Funk" starred tap dancer Savion Glover (22).
    (WSJ, 6/2/98, p.A20)

1996        A theater production of "Ragtime" based on the 1975 E.L. Doctorow novel opened in Toronto.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.E4)

1996        The Fox TV show "Profit" was about a junior VP of acquisitions who was also a psychopath.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)

1996        The TV show "EZ Streets" was a drama set in the decaying heart of a Rust Belt city. It lasted one season.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)

1996        The opera "Emmeline" by Tobias Picker had its premiere in Santa Fe.
    (WSJ, 4/23/98, p.A16)

1996        "Appalachia Waltz" by Mark O’Connor, fiddle, and Edgar Meyer, bassist, and Yo-Yo Ma, cellist, went to the top of the classical charts.
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.E1)

1996        Benoit Jutras, French Canadian composer, wrote the music for the new Cirque du Soleil production: "Quidam."
    (SFC, 4/5/97, p.E1)

1996        CD Bayaka: The Extraordinary Music of the BaBezele Pygmies was produced. It featured an hour of yodels and songs... with the delicate  tone of the mondume. It was made with a 96-page booklet.
    (Hem, 4/96, p.144)

1996        Cowboy Mouth, a New Orleans band, released "Are You With me."
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, DB p.17)

1996        The group Los Del Rio made a hit with "Macarena."
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)

1996        "Smokey Joe’s Cafe" won the Grammy Award for Best Musical.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.60)

1996        The ballet "The Vertiginous Thrill of Exactitude" by William Forsyth was first performed in Europe. The American premier was in SF in 1998.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.33)

1996        A planned community was built by Disney in Celebration, Fla. In 1999 Douglas Frantz and Catherine Collins authored "Celebration U.S.A." and Andrew Ross authored "The Celebration Chronicles."
    (SFC, 11/4/98, Z1 p.4)(WSJ, 8/23/99, p.A13)

1996        In Las Vegas the Monte Carlo and Stratosphere casino-hotels were completed.
    (WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A18)

1996        The Lucy-Desi Museum in Jamestown, N.Y. opened.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, T8)

1996        A Kalispel Tribe casino plan was approved on a site off its reservation in metropolitan Spokane, Wa. by Interior Sec. Bruce Babbitt.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A11)

1996        The Methodist Church (8.5 million members) ruled that ceremonies for homosexual unions were not to be conducted by its ministers.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.B1)

1996        Stuart Levy founded Tokyopop. It became the largest publisher of English-language manga in the world. The serialized stories were illustrated in the same Japanese artistic tradition that produced anime.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.E1)

1996        The American Dialect Society voted "Soccer mom" as word of the year. It beat out "alpha geek."
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.A2)

1996        Lillian Disney donated $100,000 to the Nez Perce Indians to buy some ancient tribal artifacts. She had been raised in Lapwai on their reservation.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C16)

1996        The Kiriyama Prize was established to recognize outstanding books about the Pacific Rim and South Asia that encourage greater mutual understanding of and among the peoples and nations of this vast and culturally diverse region.

1996        The Pulitzer Prize for fiction went to Richard Ford for "Independence Day." It was a sequel to "The Sportswriter."
    (WSJ, 6/27/97, p.A13)

1996        The Broadway Tony Award for best play went to Terrence McNally for his work: "Master Class," a play about the soprano Maria Callas.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.E1)

1996        Chicago’s Museum of Contemporary Art opened on Chicago Ave. It was designed by Josef Paul Kleihues (d.2004), German-born architect. The Kleihues theory of “poetic rationalism" described a style that sought to reinvent the way cities were designed and enrich the functionalist trend of late-modern architecture.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.B7)
1996        The Neon Museum was established in Las Vegas.
    (Sm, 3/06, p.26)
1996        Binney & Smith Inc. established the Crayola Factory Museum in Easton, Pa.
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A1)
1996        Peter Wright (1917-2007), founder of started Wright’s Keystone Helicopter Corp. (1953), served as the founding chairman of the American Helicopter Museum in West Chester, Pa.
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.A6)

1996        Rev. Billy Graham was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, Z1 p.3)

1996        In Super Bowl XXX Dallas played against Pittsburgh.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.E1)

1996        The US fiscal deficit for this year was estimated to be $117 billion.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A1)

1996        The US was ousted from its seat on the UN budget committee because of unpaid dues.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)

1996        The US Congress forced people who renounced citizenship to continue paying income tax for an extra ten years.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.89)

1996        Congress tightened rules on the distribution of pathogens following a frightening record by the American Type Culture Collection of Manassas, Va., of selling dangerous germs.
    (SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A6)

1996        Bruce Babbitt, US Sec. of the Interior, called for another survey of land that might qualify for wilderness protection, which yielded another 2.6 million acres in Utah.
    (Econ, 8/23/03, p.26)

1996        The US Border Patrol had less than 6,000 officers. In 2008 it was projected to soon pass 18,000. From 2000-2008 over 1,000 died trying to illegally cross the southwest desert border.
    (Econ, 10/4/08, p.25)

1996        Sam Brownback of Kansas won a US Senate seat by campaigning on the 3Rs: reduce the size of government, reform Congress, and return to traditional values.
    (Econ, 3/11/06, p.30)
1996        Barack Obama (b.1961) was elected to the Illinois senate representing the 13th District of Chicago’s South Side.
    (WSJ, 2/11/08, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama)

1996        Cecil Underwood (1922-2008), was elected governor of West Virginia a 2nd time becoming the state’s oldest governor.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)

1996        Jamal Ahmed Al-Fadl, an al-Qaida insider, defected to the US and began to describe the extent of Osama bin Laden’s terrorist plans.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A14)
1996        The CIA obtained an al-Qaida training manual that suggested a 10-position leadership structure for members held in prison. In 2006 a report was made public that said prisoners at Guantanamo followed this structure.
    (SFC, 7/20/06, p.A12)

1996        The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) barred US and foreign investments of more than $40 million in the development of Iran’s energy sector.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.D8)

1996        The US barred contacts with Colombian Gen’l. Hernando Camilo Zuniga, commander of the armed forces, because of suspected ties to drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A12)

1996        The 1996 US Economic Espionage Act was passed.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A9)

1996        In Nebraska Bishop Fabian Bruskewitz ruled that membership in Call To Action and 10 other organizations was "perilous to the Catholic faith and most often is totally incompatible with the Catholic faith." Other groups cited include the abortion-rights groups Planned Parenthood and Catholics for a Free Choice, the Hemlock Society, which supports physician-assisted suicide, and several Masonic organizations. In 2006 a Vatican official upheld the mass excommunication in the Lincoln Diocese.
    (AP, 12/9/06)

1996         A 1988 lawsuit resulted in an "accommodation agreement" which would give 75-year leases to the Big Mountain Dineh (Navaho) if they acknowledged Hopi authority. A Mar 31, 1997, deadline was set.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)

1996        Thanong Siriprechapong, a former member of the Thai parliament, was arrested for smuggling 49 tons of hashish into the US. The case was later hampered due to a kickback made by a key informant to US Customs agent, Frank Gervacio, in Aug, 1992.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A18)

1996        US Congress passed a law requiring that disease causing organisms be registered with the CDC when being shipped and received. This was the result of a 1995 case where plague bacteria was sent through the mail. Mandatory criminal penalties were set for anyone trying to acquire any biological agent under false pretenses.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A8,9)

1996        Congress passed a bill that limited commemorative coins issued by the US Mint to 2 per year and stipulated that the Mint must break even before sponsoring groups get any money generated.
    (WSJ, 4/8/98, p.A1)

1996        US Congress named the 842-square mile Gerry E. Studds Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary after Massachusetts Representative Gerry E. Studds (d.2006) in recognition of his work protecting the marine environment.
    (AP, 10/14/06)

1996        The US passed anti-child pornography legislation.
    (WSJ, 4/17/02, p.A1)

1996        US Congress added a section 230 to the Communications and Decency Act that immunized online firms for torts committed through their services.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.51)

1996        The US banned leaded gasoline.
    (SSFC, 1/1/06, p.A20)

1996        Sarah Palin (b.1964) was elected mayor of Wasilla, Alaska, and served for 2 terms until 2002 when term limits forced her from office.
    (SFC, 8/30/08, p.A6)

1996        The documentary film “Heidi Fleiss: Hollywood Madam" by Nick Broomfield was about the leader of the LA call-girl ring.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, DB p.47)
1996        The LA Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA) received a $5 million donation by music producer David Geffen.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.E4)
1996        Sergey Brin and Larry Page, post-graduate students at Stanford, came up with Google's original search algorithm.
    (Econ., 8/1/20, p.15)
1996        David Rumsey founded Cartography Associates in San Francisco, California. It promotes the distribution of digital facsimiles both in print and electronic media. Specializing in both primary source documents and cutting-edge technology, Cartography Associates develops tools that integrate cataloging with visual images on the Internet. In 1995, Rumsey began the task of making his collection public by building the online David Rumsey Historical Map Collection, www.davidrumsey.com.
1996        California enacted class size restrictions and lowered to 20 the number of students in kindergarten to the 3rd grade.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1996        California voters approved an open primary that allowed voting for any party regardless of party affiliation.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1996        California started using its own unique fuel blends to combat air pollution. No other state adopted the standards. A premium for the special blends resulted and became larger as the number of state refineries shrunk.
    (SFC, 9/24/09, p.A12)
1996        Columbus Financial and Mustang Development Corp. of Beverly Hills, Ca., were charged with fraud for allegedly swindling 9,000 elderly investors of $140 million by selling them fake oil well investments.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)
1996        LA police officers, Rafael Perez and Nino Durden, shot Xavier Francisco Ovando and left him for dead with a planted gun. Ovando was sentenced to 23 years in prison and served 2 ½ years before his conviction was overturned. In 2000 Ovando was awarded $15 million for police misconduct.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A13)
1996        David Coulter was named CEO of Bank of America. The bank closed 120 branches in the California and eliminated 3,700 jobs.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1996        Calif. State Univ. at Fresno put riding on the women's athletic roster to comply with Title IX. 50 women signed up in the 1st month.
    (WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A24)
1996        California almond growers advertised that they would pay $34 per colony for beekeepers to bring in honeybees. A shortage was caused by parasitic mites, Varroa jacobsoni and Acarapis woodi.
    (NH, 5/97, p.34)
1996        Dr. Robert Steinberg (d.2008 at 61) and John Scharffenberger opened their Scharffen Berger chocolate business in South San Francisco. They sold the business to Hershey in 2005.
    (SFC, 9/23/08, p.B5)
1996        In California a 63-year-old woman, Arceli Keh, gave birth to a healthy baby girl after taking fertility drugs. She became the oldest known woman to give birth.
    (SFC, 4/24/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A14)
1996        California Fish and Game officials closed fishing for white, pink and green abalone. A year later a moratorium on commercial and sport catches for all abalone species south of SF was imposed due to dwindling numbers from excess harvesting.
    (SFEC, 7/2/00, p.C7)
1996         Pacific Bell (later AT&T) purchased a 23-year naming right for the San Francisco waterfront ballpark for about $100 million.
    (SFC, 1/10/19, p.A1)
1996        A West Coast power blackout affected 4 million people.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.A7)
1996        California’s population grew to 32.6 million.
    (SFC, 5/6/97, p.A18)
1996        In Glendale, Ca., Jorjik Avanesian, a recent émigré from Iran, set a fire that killed his wife 6 and children. He was convicted of 1st degree murder in 1999.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A21)
1996        In San Diego County Elizabeth Carroll (53) was stabbed 61 times during a robbery by Jarred Viktor and his girlfriend Danielle Barcheers (15). Barcheers became the youngest girl ever convicted as an adult and was sentenced to 25 years.
    (SFEC, 5/7/00, p.C6)
1996        The Ackerson fire in Yosemite, Ca., consumed over 59,000 acres.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, Z1 p.4)

1996        Griffiss Air Force Base near Utica, NY, which employed 5,000 military and civilian workers, was shut down.
    (WSJ, 3/8/99, p.A1)
1996        New York-based Purdue Pharma introduced OxyContin, a time-released opioid painkiller. The  semisynthetic opioid Oxycodone was developed in 1917 in Germany.
    (Econ 6/10/17, p.32)

1996        In western North Carolina the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Nation acquired a few hundred acres of ancestral pasture bordering the Tuckasegee River that contained the Kituwha Mound. Legend held that this was the site where God had given the Cherokee their laws and their first fire.
    (Arch, 9/02, p.70)

1996        In Tennessee Unit 1 of the Watts Bar nuclear power plant came on line after 23 years of construction and a cost of $6.9 billion.
    (SFC, 5/5/07, p.A6)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.71)
1996        In Tennessee the US Dept. of Energy began converting the K-25 building at Oak Ridge, which anchored the world’s first full-scale uranium enrichment factory, into an industrial park. By 2008 it was estimated that K-25 would be leveled by late 2010, and the rest of the site finished by 2016 at a cost of $3 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A2)

1996        George Soros (financier), Peter Lewis (chairman of Progressive Insurance) and John Sperling (founder of Apollo Group) decided on a joint effort via the ballot box to reign in the drug war with an emphasis on treatment programs rather than harsh penalties.
    (WSJ, 5/30/01, p.A1)

1996        AT&T spun off several divisions to form Lucent Corp. In 2004 Lisa Endlich authored “Optical Illusions: Lucent and the Crash of Telecom."
    (WSJ, 3/29/04, p.A9)(WSJ, 10/5/04, p.D8)

1996        Donald Trump purchased the Miss Universe pageant, partnering with NBC.
    (Yahoo News, 3/8/18)

1996        The Walt Disney Co. acquired a controlling stake in the Los Angeles Angels baseball team.
    (WSJ, 8/29/02, p.A1)

1996        Levi Strauss & Co. went private again after the company bought nearly 1/3 of its stock for $4.3 billion.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, B1)

1996        David Warthen and venture capitalist Garrett Gruener (42) co-founded Ask Jeeves Inc., a company devoted to scouring the Net for data based on simple questions. www.ask.com
    (WSJ, 4/8/99, p.B9)(SFC, 9/12/03, p.A10)
1996        UC Berkeley professor Eric Brewer and graduate student Paul Gauthier founded Inktomi Corp. to provide software for Internet Service Providers. Their software was incorporated in the widely-used HotBot search engine, which displaced AltaVista as the leading web-crawler-based search engine.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inktomi)

1996        Milton Garland (d.2000 at age 104) was named "Mr. Refrigeration" by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A21)

1996        Microsoft launched Expedia Travel Services, an online travel assistance site. In 2001 it was sold to Barry Diller, who spun it off from his InterActive Corp. (IAC) in 2005 as a separate company. By 2014 it was the world’s biggest travel agent.
    (Econ, 10/1/05, p.66)(Econ, 6/21/14, p.65)

1996        Eliezer Yudkowsky (16) set up the Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence (SIAI). He and a group of followers, dubbed transhumanists, believed that a kind of artificial intelligence, a super intelligence, will emerge over the next 25 years. "The Singularity is the technological creation of smarter than human intelligence."
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.A1)

1996        The US net debtor position rose 27% to 871 billion.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A5)

1996        The World Equity Benchmark Shares, known as WEBS, were launched by Morgan Stanley & Co. They tracked the Morgan Stanley Capital Int’l. (MSCI) indexes of 17 countries. They traded for $10-20 per share.
    (SFC, 5/26/97, p.B1)

1996        Vincent Groves (42), serial killer, died in prison of natural causes while serving time for the murders of three women. In 2012 investigators in Denver said DNA evidence could link him to as many as 20 more killings.
    (SFC, 3/8/12, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/7j7l9xj)

1996        Dolly Parton, American country singer, founded her “Imagination Library." It provided free books to children in her home county of East Tennessee up to age 5. In 2000 she announced that she would make the program available for replication to any community that was willing to partner with her to support it locally.

1996        Chevron Corp. began selling little plastic cars as part of a marketing campaign. The cars became collectible items and 17 models were available in 1999.
    (WSJ, 9/8/99, p.B1)

1996        General Motors sold its stake in the car rental firm Avis.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.60)
1996        GM introduced its OnStar system as a quick way to summon roadside assistance. In 2009 its slowdown feature was activated for the first time to stop a stolen GM Chevrolet Tahoe.
    (Econ, 11/21/09, p.81)

1996        Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy purchased Duty Free Shopper (DFS), founded in the 1960s by Chuck Feeney (b.1931) and partners. In the 1980s Feeney had put most of his one-third share and other assets into charitable trusts in Bermuda operating as Atlantic Philanthropies. Feeney scheduled the foundation to go out of business by 2016. In 2007 Connor O’Clery authored “The Billionaire Who Wasn’t: How Chuck Feeney Secretly Made And Gave Away a Fortune.
    (WSJ, 9/26/07, p.D13)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.99)

1996        Sears, Roebuck & Co. acquired Orchard Supply Hardware (OSH) for 415 million.
    (SFC, 5/10/05, p.D1)

1996        Dr. Stuart Meloy found that an electro-stimulator, designed by Medtronic to interrupt pain signals, induced orgasms in women when applied to a certain point in mid spine.
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.A3)

1996        Super Mario 64 showed the capabilities of the new Nintendo 64 computer game machine.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.E3)

1996        The $1.6 billion FLAG project (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe) was completed for transmission of data from Europe to the Far East. Neil Tagare pushed the project with financial assistance from Nynex.
    (SFC, 3/15/99, p.B7)

1996        Alan Sokal, a physicist at NYU, submitted a paper to Social Text, a leading scholarly journal of postmodernist cultural studies and it was published. The paper was deliverately salted with nonsense and became known as the “Sokal Hoax."
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.85)

1996        Scientists discovered bacteria living in a tank of nuclear waste. The bacteria, later called extremophiles, had adapted to 15 times the dose that would kill a human being.
    (WSJ, 11/16/04, p.A1)

1996        The first evidence arrived that combination antiretroviral therapy (ART), a cocktail of HIV-suppressing drugs, could radically change the course of AIDS.
    (Econ., 6/27/20, p.73)

1996        A major US survey found that one in five dairy herds suffered from a disease caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Infection was able to develop into Johne’s, an incurable wasting disease.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.42)

1996        Peter Diamandis, space enthusiast, invented the $10 million Ansari X Prize to encourage the development of space tourism. The winner was required to make the 1st private launch of 3-people to an altitude of 62.5 miles twice in 2 weeks. Burt Rutan claimed the prize on Oct 4, 2004. A single pilot was accompanied by the weight of 2 others to meet the 3-person requirement.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/14/04, p.B1)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.89)

1996        Americans legally bet some $586.5 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)

1996        The Sapling Foundation, a private, non-profit foundation, was founded by Chris Anderson. Its mission is to offer help where it is most needed by leveraging the power of ideas, technology, media and markets. In 2001 it acquired the TED conference.
    (SSFC, 2/07/04, p.A1)

1996        The US put Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Panama, Vanuatu, and Venezuela under embargo for beastliness to dolphins and whales.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.70)

1996        David Nam broke into the Philadelphia house of Anthony Schroeder (75) to rob him and killed the retired police officer when he resisted with his own gun. Nam was arrested in 1997 but fled to South Korea in 1998 while under house arrest. In 2008 Nam was arrested by police in South Korea.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

1996        In a Dallas suburb 14 teenagers and young adults died after using a potent "uncut" Mexican heroin.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A6)

1996        Worldwide executions for the year hit a record high of 4,200. China led with 3,500 executions and was followed by Ukraine, Russia and Iran. In the US 45 prisoners were executed.
    (SFC, 4/5/97, p.A11)(SFC,12/15/97, p.A1)

1996        Carter Burden, publisher and arts benefactor, died. The Burden collection of American literature included over 30,000 works of literature.
    (SFC, 3/24/98, p.E7)

1996        Sergiu Celibidache (b.1912), Romanian conductor, died. In 2001 Deutsche Grammophon released a box set of his selected performances.
    (WSJ, 4/24/01, p.A22)

1996        Leonor Fini (b.1908), Argentine-born artist, died. She was brought up in Italy and worked mostly in Paris. Her work explored the female psyche.
    (SFC, 12/22/01, p.D12)

1996        David Flavin (b.1933), artist, died.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.D10)

1996        Wolfgang Koeppen (b.1906), German writer, died. His novels included "Pigeons on the Grass" (1951), "The Hothouse" (1953) and "Death in Rome" (1954).
    (WSJ, 6/29/01, p. W12)

1996        James Rouse (b.1914), visionary urban developer and shopping mall pioneer, died. In 2004 Joshua Olsen authored “Better Places, Better Lives," a biography of Rouse. Nicholas Dagen Bloom authored the more critical work “Merchant of Illusion."
    (WSJ, 8/19/04, p.D8)

1996        Steve Tesich, novelist and screenwriter, died. He did the screenplay for the 1979 film "Breaking Away." His novel "Karoo" was published in 1998.
    (WSJ, 4/7/98, p.A16)

1996        The IMF and the World Bank launched the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative to try to ensure that no poor country faced a debt burden it could not manage.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.51)

1996        Andorra was still technically at war with Germany for not having signed the Peace at Westphalia in 1648. Its population stood at about 65,000.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)

1996        In Argentina Maria Lamadrid founded “Africa Lives," a black rights group based in Buenos Aires.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A21)
1996         In Argentina Oscar Camilion stepped down as defense minister for his roll in the 1991-1995 arms shipments to Ecuador and Croatia.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)
1996        It was reported that hantavirus in Argentina had caused the death of 12 people this year.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.A27)

1996        Australia granted full independence to its central bank.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.4)
1996        Australia’s Argyle diamond mine left the De Beers cartel.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argyle_diamond_mine)(Econ, 2/25/17, p.51)

1996        Belarus Pres. Lukashenko held a referendum on capital punishment and 80% of voters supported it. Executions were done Soviet-style, with a bullet in the back of the head.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
1996        Vesna, a Belarus human rights group, began providing legal assistance to thousands of Belarusians who were fined, arrested or imprisoned for criticizing President Alexander Lukashenko's authoritarian policies.
    (AP, 8/5/11)

1996        Rebecca Middleton (17) of Ontario, Canada, died after being raped, tortured and stabbed on a beach in Bermuda. A suspect, Kirk Orlando Mundy, was allowed to strike a plea bargain deal with police in which he admitted to being an accessory after the fact and was sentenced to five years. The case against the other suspect, Justis Raham Smith, collapsed after a judge in Bermuda said there was insufficient evidence.
    (Reuters, 4/1/06)

1996        A Black Sea Action Plan was signed by all six coastal nations: Turkey, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Bulgaria. It was to improve sewage control, develop conservation strategies and study a possible special environmental fund.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.A22)

1996        Bolivia joined Mercosur, the Southern Cone Common Market, as an associated member.
    (WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A9)
1996        Bolivia passed a hydrocarbons law that paved the way for privatizations.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.34)
1996        In Bolivia dinosaur footprints were discovered on the wall of a limestone quarry near the town of Sucre.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  p.A18)

1996        The International Tribunal for War Crimes in former Yugoslavia, based in The Hague, indicted 8 Bosnian Serb men for sexual assault in eastern Bosnia, a verdict based on testimonies collected by Nusreta Sivac and Jadranka Cigelj. It was the first time in history that an international tribunal charged someone solely for crimes of sexual violence.
    (AP, 3/8/13)
1996        The Int’l. Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) was created by the G-7 nations to help identify victims of the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia. The success of its DNA testing led to work around the world. 
    (SFC, 12/4/01, p.A3)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.64)

1996        Official figures showed that 40% of all Brazilian married women of reproductive age were sterilized.
    (WSJ, 6/13/03, p.A1)
1996        In Brazil a moratorium on new concessions for logging mahogany and virola wood was enacted.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A10)

1996        The BBC teamed Jennifer Paterson (d.1999 at 71) with Dickson Wright for a cooking program that became the popular "Two Fat Ladies."
    (SFC, 8/11/99, p.C5)
1996        John Galliano, British designer, became chief designer for Dior. In 1999 he introduced the saddle bag handbag.
    (WSJ, 1/20/03, p.B1)
1996        Tamara Mellon, British businesswoman, co-founded “Choos" a luxury footwear brand. She cashed out of Jimmy Choo in 2011 for an estimated £85m. In 2013 she authored “In My Shoes: A Memoir."
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.89)
1996        Britain banned exports of meat and bone meal due to possible risks of "mad-cow" disease.
    (WSJ, 1/23/00, p.A1)1996        The BBC teamed Jennifer Paterson (d.1999 at 71) with Dickson Wright for a cooking program that became the popular "Two Fat Ladies."
    (SFC, 8/11/99, p.C5)
1996        Britain banned exports of meat and bone meal due to possible risks of "mad-cow" disease.
    (WSJ, 1/23/00, p.A1)
1996        The BBC launched a project to compile data about Britain and recorded the results on laserdiscs. A 2.5 year effort to transfer the data to updated technology was completed in 2005 and made available at www.domesday1986.com.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, TQp.12)
1996        The British Commission for Racial Equality found that the Household Cavalry, the 4-centuries old monarch’s personal guard, was guilty of institutionalized racism.
    (SFC, 3/27/98, p.A13)
1996        Bernard Ecclestone (b.1930), a former motorcycle mechanic, paid himself a salary of $80 million. Know as the ‘Ringmaster" he was the foremost figure in the Formula One car racing scene.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernie_Ecclestone)
1996        Michael Lynch, British software entrepreneur, founded Autonomy as a kind of Google for corporate data.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.70)
1996        The Sokal affair, also called the Sokal hoax, was a scholarly publishing sting perpetrated by Alan Sokal, a physics professor at New York University and University College London. Sokal submitted an article to Social Text, an academic journal of postmodern cultural studies. The submission was an experiment to test the journal's intellectual rigor and, specifically, to investigate whether "a leading North American journal of cultural studies—whose editorial collective includes such luminaries as Fredric Jameson and Andrew Ross—[would] publish an article liberally salted with nonsense if (a) it sounded good and (b) it flattered the editors' ideological preconceptions".

1996        In Bulgaria GDP fell 10% and foreign debt went up to more than $9 billion, equal to the size of the economy. Wages have fallen to $20 per month from 120.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A1)

1996        In Cambodia Ta Mok ousted Pol Pot from power and kept him under house arrest until his death in 1998.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A17)(SFC, 7/21/06, p.A20)

1996        In Canada Inco Corp. acquired the nickel deposits at Voisey Bay in Labrador from Diamond Fields Resources Inc. for $3.2 billion in cash and stock. At this time nickel was trading at $3.70 per pound.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.B4)

1996        In Chile bicyclists formed “Furiosos Cuiclistas" (raging cyclists) patterned after a SF group, founded in 1992, to promote bicycling as a form of nonpolluting transportation.
    (SSFC, 11/14/04, p.A16)

1996        China ratified the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, giving territorial waters of 12 nautical miles and economic zones of 200 nautical miles.
    (WSJ, 3/11/09, p.A8)
1996        China set up the Preparatory Committee to replace the PWC and oversee the transition of Hong Kong in line with the Basic Law and decisions of China’s parliament.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1996        China Minsheng Bank was cobbled together by 59 investors, including Liu Yonghao, a pig-feed seller turned billionaire. It was China’s first bank with primarily private owners. By 2009 the bank was China’s 7th largest.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.84)
1996        The World Bank proposed to move 58,000 poor Chinese farmers from the eastern half of Qinghai 300 miles west to an area of Tibet called Dulan. The $81 million project faced heavy opposition prior to a Bank vote in 1999.
    (SFC, 6/18/99, p.D2)
1996        China’s Huangshan Tourism Development Co. was formed to manage the 72 peaks of the 60-square-mile Huangshan national scenic area.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A17)
1996        Deli, a Chinese glass firm, was founded.
    (Econ., 11/7/20, p.37)
1996        Wal-Mart first entered China through a joint-venture agreement. By 2011 Walmart had 338 shops in 124 Chinese cities with 90,000 employees.
    (www.wal-martchina.com/english/walmart/history.htm)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.69)

1996        In Apartado, Colombia, death squad members chopped off the head of a primary school student in front of his class mates. They thus came to be called "mocha-cabezas" or head-hackers.
    (SFC, 1/5/98, p.A14)

1996        A Danish government admitted in a report that the United States had stored nuclear weapons in Greenland during the Cold War, although Denmark had banned nuclear weapons from its soil in 1957.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

1996        The Argentine oil firm Compania General de Combustibles (CGC) received a contract to drill for oil in Sarayaca, Ecuador, home to some 2,000 Quichua Indians. Natives fended off oil drilling well into 2004.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.W1)

1996        In Egypt Mustafa Mashour (d.2002 at 81) took over leadership of the Muslim Brotherhood. He had spent 20 years in jail.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A23)
1996        In Egypt Abu al-Ila Madi founded the Al-Wasat Al-Jadid (the New Center) party. It was a split off from the conservative Muslim Brotherhood and sought to create a political movement promoting a tolerant version of Islam with liberal tendencies.
    (AP, 2/19/11)

1996        In El Salvador there were 6,792 people murdered in this year according to the attorney general’s office.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B5)

1996        In Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema submitted to elections and received 98% of the vote in balloting that marred by extensive fraud and intimidation.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A10)

1996        EU law required all EU countries to move forward by an hour on the last Sunday of March and back by an hour on the final Sunday in October.
    (Reuters, 9/14/18)

1996        In France the Francis Poulenc Museum of Sacred Art opened in Rocamadour. It featured a collection religious objects spanning 8 centuries.
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, p.T11)
1996        The French firm Ecco merged with Adia of Switzerland to form Adecco. The merger made Adecco the world’s largest employment firm ahead of Manpower.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.57)

1996        In Germany Thorsten Becker published "Schones Deutschland," based on the idea of a redivided Germany.
    (Hem., 3/97, p.119)
1996        In Germany Chancellor Helmut Kohl published "Ich wolte Deutschlands Einheit" (I Wanted Germany’s Unity).
1996        Germany’s federal government first sold a chunk of Deutsche Telekom, with shares valued at the D-mark equivalent of €14.57.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.72)
1996        In Germany low-tetrahydrocannabinol hemp was made legal and quickly became a fast-growing cash crop. A young Berlin brewer began to add its flowering buds to his beer in violation of the 1516 Reinheitsgebot law on beer ingredients.
    (WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A1)
1996        German-speaking countries approved a reform of German spelling (orthography).
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.45)

1996        Guatemala enacted a General Telecommunications Law that changed a state ownership and allocated radio spectrum from the bottom up. This allowed for a large increase in phone penetration.
    (WSJ, 12/27/02, p.A11)
1996        The New York based Kroll Associates reported that 900 kidnappings took place in Guatemala in this year.
    (SFC,11/21/97, p.A15)

1996        In Guinea soldiers angry over low pay bombard the presidential palace for several days while Conte was holed up inside. He emerged unscathed, offered raises to his attackers and later named a prime minister for the first time.
    (AP, 9/29/09)
1996        Sidya Toure, Guinea’s reformist prime minister, complained shortly after taking office that 50,000 civil servants in the country were consuming 51% of the nation’s wealth.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)

1996        Guyana’s population was about 780,000. Afro-Guyanese made up about 30% of the population, Indo-Guyanese about 40%.
    (WSJ, 9/25/96, p.A18)(Econ, 3/21/20, p.11)

1996        In Haiti the Aristide Foundation was founded to low-cost loans and assistance to the Haitian people.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A12)

1996        In Honduras some 4,000 Garifuna (black Afro-Caribs) marched on Tegucigalpa to demand property rights.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, p.T11)

1996        India outlawed sex determination tests to reduce gender-based abortions.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.J1)
1996        In Kerala a coalition of 2 left parties was elected. It was dominated by the Marxist Communist Party of India.
    (SFEM, 7/18/99, p.10)
1996        In southern India a teenager (16) was kidnapped and held for several weeks in Kerala state. A court had acquitted all but one of 24 of the accused in 2005. In 2013 India's top court ordered a retrial, which was completed in six months. In 2014 one man was sentenced to life and 23 others to 7-11 years.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
c1996        A British arms dealer and 5 Latvians were arrested for dropping arms for revolutionaries into the state of West Bengal. The 6 were sentenced to life in prison in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)
1996        Vikram Bakshi of Connaught Place Restaurants Limited (CPRL) brought McDonald's to India as a local partner in a 50-50 joint venture, starting in Delhi.
    (Econ, 9/30/17, p.60)

1996        The Mega Rice Project was initiated in in the southern sections of Kalimantan, the Indonesian section of Borneo. The goal was to turn one million hectares of unproductive and sparsely populated peat swamp forest into rice paddies in an effort to alleviate Indonesia's growing food shortage. The project did not succeed, and was abandoned in 1999 after causing considerable damage to the environment.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mega_Rice_Project)(Econ., 8/15/20, p.34)
1996        Construction on two 610-megawatt, coal fired generators is planned to start this year, and sales to Indonesia's state utility were expected to begin in 1999.
    (WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-15)
1996        In Indonesia Freeport-McMoran pledged to spend 1% of its Irian Jaya revenue, about $15 million a year, on local development.
    (WSJ, 9/29/98, p.A10)
1996        Jim Guy Tucker, former governor of Arkansas, invested $6.5 million into a cable company later called PT [email protected] at the invitation of James Riady. They later planned to stitch together an Internet backbone for Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A1)
1996        Abdullah Sungkar (1999) and Abu Bakar Baasyir, self-exiled Indonesian clerics, together with Riduan Isamuddin, established Jemaah Islamiyah in Malaysia.
    (WSJ, 1/15/03, p.A1)

1996        On Iraq a UNICEF report estimated that 4,500 children under age 5 were dying each month due to lack of food and medicine.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.C12)

1996        Israeli PM Shimon Peres went to Oman and Qatar and opened Israel trade representative offices in both Gulf countries. His predecessor, the late Yitzhak Rabin, made the first trip to Oman in 1994.
    (Reuters, 10/26/18)
1996        In Israel Ariel Sharon was named the infrastructure minister in the Netanyahu government.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)
1996        Instant messaging was created by the Israeli company Mirabilis.
    (SSFC, 7/6/03, p.E3)

1996        Japan introduced a new tax on alcohol.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.43)
1996        Japan rescinded its 1948 Eugenics Protection Law. In 2019 the government agreed to pay compensation to thousands of people with disabilities who were forcibly sterilized under the law.
    (Econ, 8/3/19, p.29)
1996        Katsuhiko Kawasaki began running the investigation division of the Tokyo Public Prosecutor's Office.
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.B2)
1996        The Penndel Co. of Tokyo introduced its Milky Gel Roller. The gelly pen became a huge fad among kids by 1999 for its ability to write on skin and be easily rubbed off.
    (WSJ, 6/15/99, p.A1)
1996        Japan’s Sony Corp. launched its Vaio brand of personal computers. In 2014 Vaio was sold to a private-equity fund.
    (Econ, 7/12/14, p.57)
1996        Yahoo and SoftBank created Yahoo Japan.
    (SSFC, 5/15/16, p.D3)
1996        In Japan knife crimes by juveniles increased by 30% to 431.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.A12)

1996        In Laos the town of Luang Prabang with its dozens of temples was declared a World Heritage Site.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, p.T5)

1996        In Lesotho Moshoeshoe II, king of Lesotho, was killed in an automobile accident.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)

1996        Macedonia opened a stock exchange.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1996        Abdullah Sungkar (1999) and Abu Bakar Baasyir, self-exiled Indonesian clerics, together with Riduan Isamuddin, established Jemaah Islamiyah in Malaysia.
    (WSJ, 1/15/03, p.A1)
1996        In Malaysia the Pergau hydroelectric dam, supported by British aid, was commissioned. The project involved at least 3 separate scandals. In 2012 Time Lankester authored “The Politics and Economics of Britain’s Foreign Aid: The Pergau Dam Affair."
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.77)

1996        In Mali “the Flame of Peace" ceremony, in which thousands of weapons were incinerated, marked a reconciliation between the Touareg nomads and the government. The annual “Festival in the Desert" music festival grew as an outshoot of this. It took place near Essakane, an oasis some 40 miles north-west of Timbuktu.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.58)

1996        The population of Mauritius was about 1.2 million people.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)

1996        Morocco’s government began a series of reforms.
    (SFCM, 3/27/05, p.13)

1996         Fokker went bankrupt. The last new Fokker-50 was delivered to Ethiopian Airlines in May, 1997. Stork, another Dutch company, bought a large part of Fokker's assets, and continued to be a main provider of parts and service for Fokker planes.
    (AP, 2/10/04)

1996        New Zealand adopted a mixed member proportional (MMP) political system. As of 2008 no party won an absolute majority since the adoption of MMP.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.51)

1996        In Nigeria Pfizer Inc. tested an unapproved drug on children for an often deadly strain of meningitis. In 2006 Nigerian medical experts concluded that Pfizer violated international law and was never authorized by the Nigerian government to give the unproven drug Trovan to nearly 100 children and infants at a field hospital in Kano, where they were being treated.
    (Reuters, 5/6/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trovafloxacin)

1996        A North Korean defector in 1997 claimed that the government had  banned abortions and was encouraging women to bear children to increase the population in order to maintain the army.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A13)

1996        The basic law of Oman was adopted stipulating that the ruling family meets in the case of a vacuum in power to choose a successor to the sultan within three days.
    (AFP, 1/30/11)
1996        The population of Oman was about 2 million.
    (NG, 5/95, p.120)

1996        The Palestinians summoned Moroccan and Egyptian engineers and began constructing a 3-km. long runway for an Int’l. Airport at the village of Raffiach, whose residents were ordered to leave by the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 6/13/97, p.A14)

1996        The population of Panama was about 2.5 million.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A8)

1996        A plot to bomb the US Embassy in Asuncion, Paraguay, was broken up. It was planned by Marwan al Safadi, a Lebanese national, in revenge for the arrest of Omar Abdel Rahman.
    (WSJ, 11/16/01, p.A10)
1996        Argentina, Brazil and the US acted to forestall a coup in Paraguay.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.35)

1996        In Qatar ten Ghafran clan leaders were accused of plotting a coup together with Saudi Arabia. Qatar subsequently revoked the citizenship of the entire Ghafran.  From 2004 to 2016 over 5,000 Ghafrans lost their nationality. By 2016 many won a reprieve, but thousands remained in limbo.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.43)

1996        Rwanda’s Paul Kagame dressed up an invasion of Zaire as an indigenous revolt and installed Laurent Kabila at its helm. Zimbabwe paid $5 million to help finance the Kabila regime in Congo.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A1)(Econ, 8/21/04, p.38)

1996        Saudi Arabia’s King Fahd (1921-2005) ceded power to his half-brother, Crown Prince Abdullah, who is considered to be more of a traditionalist. King Fahd was incapacitated by a major stroke in 1995 and Crown Prince Abdullah acted as de facto regent.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fahd_of_Saudi_Arabia)(WSJ, 1/2/96, p. A-1)
1996        Saudi Arabia kicked out the BBC’s Arabic language satellite TV service from the Saudi-backed company called Orbit following Saudi objections to the BBC’s programming. Dozens of journalists out of a job were soon hired by newly-formed Qatar-based Al-Jazeera.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.57)

1996        The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) began launching attacks against police stations. The KLA was led by Hashim Thaci and his lieutenants Azem Syla and Xhavit Halati.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.C4)(SFC, 6/25/99, p.A10)

1996        In St. Kitts the government of Denzil Douglas began extradition charges against Charles "Little Nut" Miller, who was wanted in Florida for conspiring to smuggle cocaine.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A21)

1996        In South Africa a census was conducted in all 11 of the official languages. It revealed that over half the population did not have running water in their homes.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)
1996        In South Africa the vigilante group People Against Gangsterism and Drugs publicly lynched gang boss Rashaad Staggie.
    (SFC, 8/29/98, p.A12)
1996        The South Africa Council for Scientific and Industrial Research patented the active chemical of hoodia, called P57, and licensed development rights to a British firm. They did not acknowledge the San Bushmen who used the cactus to raise energy and fight hunger. In 2003 an agreement was reached to pay the San 6% of the royalties. Some 100,000 San lived in South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Angola.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.D5)
1996        The South Africa mining firm Gencor acquired Billiton. In 2001 a merger with BHP created the BHP-Billiton Group, the world’s largest mining company.
    (WSJ, 11/18/05, p.A8)(www.mineweb.net/sections/mining_finance/490641.htm)
1996        Sbu Ndebele, premier of KwaZulu-Natal, set up the Vukuzhake program to boost jobs and promote a policy of “black economic empowerment" in poor communities. In 2009 Ndebele was appointed to be South Africa’s transport minister.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.49)

1996        South Korea joined the OECD, the club for rich democracies.
    (Econ, 11/28/15, p.37)
1996        Mayor Sim Jae Duck of Suwon, South Korea, began a program to establish the city's restrooms as the best in the world.
    (WSJ, 11/26/99, p.A1)

1996        Spain's Magic Box Int'l. introduced Crazy Bones to Europe, popcorn-size plastic figures for kids to use in their own games. They reached the US market in 1997 and by 1999 were a major craze.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.B1)
1996        Spanish chemist Pilar Mateo patented a microencapsulation technique that embedded pesticides into house paints.
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.F3)

1996        The Ashifa plant in Khartoum opened as a 50-50 venture between Bashir Hassan Bashir and a shipping company called Baaboud Trading and Shipping Agencies. The plant supplied malaria tablets and veterinary medicine for cattle. It was sold in 1998 to Salaheldin Idris.
    (WSJ, 8/24/98, p.A9)
1996        In Sudan’s Abyei region the Heglig oil field was first developed and operated by the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company. Sudan held a majority stake, with shares owned by companies from China, Malaysia and India.
    (AP, 7/22/09)
1996        The Red Cross suspended field work in Sudan after 2 members of its staff were seized briefly by a splinter rebel group.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.D3)
1996        The US embassy in Khartoum was abandoned.
    (WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A1)

1996        Karl Muller, Swiss engineer, invented a new type of shoe designed to re-create the positive effects of walking barefoot. The shoes were named MBTs (Masai Barefoot Technology) after the African Masai tribe.
    (SSFC, 11/25/07, p.F3)(www.sunsetbirkenstock.com/shop/mbt.php)

1996        Syria acquired new chemical weapons technology from Russia.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)

1996        In Tajikistan some 50,000 people had died since fighting broke out in 1992.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1996        Thanong Siriprechapong, a former member of the Thai parliament, was arrested for smuggling 49 tons of hashish into the US. The case was later hampered due to a kickback made by a key informant to US Customs agent, Frank Gervacio, in Aug, 1992.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A18)
1996        In Thailand Salang Bunnag directed a hostage rescue operation that freed all the captives from a drug gang. Bunnag was later accused of ordering the summary execution of the 6 kidnappers while they were in custody.
    (SFC, 8/27/01, p.A9)

1996        The population of Tunisia was about 9 million.
    (SFC, 5/6/96, p.A-1,4)

1996        The Ankarapithecus skull was found in the Turkish desert. It dated to about 10 million years ago. The remains show many similarities to Sivapithecus from South Asia, and have sometimes been included in that genus.

1996        Uganda abolished fees for primary education and enrollment almost doubled in a year.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.76)

1996        The United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan recognized the Taliban after they seized the Afghan capital Kabul. All three countries cut ties with the Taliban after it sheltered al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the US.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

1996        A UN report condemned Japan’s wartime military brothels.
    (Econ 6/10/17, p.42)
1996        UNAIDS, a joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, was created to deal with the new HIV/AIDS disease.

1996        It was reported that deaths in Vietnam from land mines, unexploded bombs and artillery shells totaled 38,248 in the 1st 23 years following the end of the war.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A12)

1996-1997    In California Curtis DeBord and Peter Tran smuggled some $5 million worth of arms and weapons parts from Vietnam to the US over an 18 month period. They were associates of Hammond Ku who was convicted of illegally importing munitions.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A20)
1996-1997    In Bulgaria fourteen banks went bankrupt in a little over a year.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.62)
1996-1997    In Colombia warlord Salvatore Mancuso oversaw 2 massacres that killed 19 farmers in Antioquia province. In 2006 Colombia’s government said it will pay $1.4 million to relatives of the 19 farmers, honoring a ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
    (AP, 7/28/06)

1996-1998    A 1998 Amnesty Int’l. report accused the Burmese army in the torture and killings of hundreds of ethnic Shan villagers in the Shan state during this period.
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.C14)
1996-1998    In Japan an incipient economic recovery during this period turned into a fresh recession.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, Survey p.3)

1996-2001    In Indonesia, fighting over this period in West Kalimantan province between Dayaks and Muslim migrants from the island of Madura left thousands of people dead.
    (Econ 7/22/17, p.30)
1996-2001    In 2002 the Thailand-based Shan Human Rights Foundation filed a report that Burma government military forces raped at least 625 girls and women in Shan state over this period in an effort to bring the area under control.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A16)

1996-2004    During this period prison inmates in the USA rose by 25%.
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.58)

1996-2006    In Alaska per-capita federal spending rose from 38% above the national average to 71% above. Much of this was later attributed to Sen. Ted Stevens, who had begun representing Alaska in 1968.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.34)

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