Timeline 1995

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1995        This is a year in the sun spot cycle when the number of sunspots was at an average low. The cycle averages 11.2 years and low points are marked by low wheat production and higher prices.
    (ASCTS, Gamow, p.102)

1995        Jan 1, Gary Larson's "Far Side" cartoon panel ended a 14-year run.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, BR p.17)
1995        Jan 1, Eugene Wigner (92), physicist (Nobel prize for physics-1963), died.
1995        Jan 1, Austria, Finland and Sweden joined the European Union. Sweden held their elections to the parliament later that year on 17 September. Austria held its elections on 13 October, 1996 and Finland on 20 October, 1996.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_European_Union)(Econ, 5/1/04, p.26)
1995        Jan 1, In Bosnia a four month truce between the Bosnian Serbs and the Bosnian government was brokered by former Pres. Jimmy Carter.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995        Jan 1, Fred West hanged himself in his London prison while awaiting trial in the murders of a dozen girls and women. The victims included his wife's 16-year-old daughter and 8-year-old stepdaughter and several young runaways.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
1995        Jan 1, Chile, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Poland and South Korea joined the non-permanent sector of the Security Council.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C1)
1995        Jan 1, The Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE), formed in 1973, was renamed the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
1995        Jan 1, Teburoro Tito, the incoming president of Kiribati, moved the International Date Line a thousand miles east around Kiribati to allow all of its 33 atolls to be line the same time zone. Thus the atoll of Kirimati never experienced Dec 31, 1994. (SSFC, 12/17/06, p.G5)
1995        Jan 1, Fernando Henrique Cardoso took office as Brazil's 37th president. He pushed up interest rates to 25% and stabilized the economy.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-13)(AP, 1/1/00)

1995        Jan 2, Marion Barry was inaugurated as mayor of Washington D.C., four years after leaving office to serve a six-month sentence for misdemeanor drug possession.
    (AP, 1/2/00)
1995        Jan 2, Chechen defenders drove Russian troops out of the capital of Grozny.
    (AP, 1/2/00)

1995        Jan 3, Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo announced an emergency plan for wage and price controls and budget cuts to stabilize the peso and combat spiraling inflation. The peso had lost 37% of its value since Dec. 20, 1994.
    (WSJ, 1/13/95, p.A3)(AP, 1/3/00)

1995        Jan 4, The 104th Congress convened, the first entirely under Republican control since the Eisenhower era; Newt Gingrich was elected speaker of the House.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A4)(AP, 1/4/00)
1995        Jan 4, Eduardo Mata (52), Mexican conductor, died in air crash.

1995        Jan 5, President Clinton received Republican congressional leaders at the White House, declaring that "we can do a lot of business together" on reforming the way government works.
    (AP, 1/5/00)
1995        Jan 5, Angus King (b.1944) began serving as governor of Maine. He continued in office as an independent for two terms until Jan 8, 2003.
1995        Jan 5, A warrant was issued for the arrest of James “Whitey" Bulger (b.1929), top mobster of Boston’s Winter Hill Gang. He had disappeared with his girlfriend just days before the warrant was issued. Bulger was linked to 21 murders and in 2000 became a fixture on the FBI’s “Ten Most Wanted" list. In 2007 Kevin Weeks authored “Brutal: The Untold Story Of My Life Inside Whitey Bulger's Irish Mob."
    (http://tinyurl.com/2c8u37f)(SSFC, 1/30/05, p.A13)(http://tinyurl.com/29unfq4)

1995        Jan 6, Haitians housed at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba were sent home by the U.S. military against the refugees' will and over protests of refugee advocates.
    (AP, 1/6/00)
1995        Jan 6, Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and Abdul Hakim Murad were arrested in Manila, Philippines, when explosives that they were mixing blew up and alerted the police. In their apartment were found bomb-making manuals and timers and evidence that they intended to blow up US jetliners. They were found guilty by a jury in New York on 9/5/96.
    (SFC, 9/6/96, p.C5)
1995        Jan 6, In South Africa Joe Slovo, a former leader of the South Africa Communist party and white hero of the liberations struggle, died. He was born in Obeliai, Lithuania, to a Jewish family who emigrated to South Africa when he was eight.
    (Econ, 3/3/12, p.62)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Slovo)

1995        Jan 7, Major General Viktor Vorobyov, a senior commander leading Russian troops in their advance on the secessionist capital of Chechnya, was killed by a mortar shell.
    (AP, 1/7/00)

1995        Jan 8, "Guys & Dolls" closed at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 1143 performances.
1995        Jan 8, The Inner City Church in Knoxville, Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Jan 8, Russian forces in Chechnya pounded the capital of Grozny with rocket and mortar fire in an attempt to scatter Chechen fighters defending the presidential palace.
    (AP, 1/8/00)
1995        Jan 8, In Sri Lanka the Tigers and government agreed to a truce.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Jan 9, In New York, trials began for Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman and 11 other defendants accused of conspiring to wage a holy war against the United States. Nine were convicted of seditious conspiracy, and two reached plea agreements with the government.
    (AP, 1/9/00)
1995        Jan 9, Severe flooding forced people to flee resort communities in the hills north of San Francisco.
    (AP, 1/9/00)
1995        Jan 9, Peter Cook (57), English comic and actor (Bedazzled, Beyond the Fringe, The Wrong Box), died.
    (AP, 1/9/05)

1995        Jan 10, President Clinton declared flood-stricken areas of California major disaster areas.
    (AP, 1/10/00)
1995        Jan 10, Russia announced a 48-hour truce in breakaway Chechnya, but the cease-fire fell apart after a few hours.
    (AP, 1/10/00)

1995        Jan 11, President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama held a low-key summit in Washington, playing down differences over trade.
    (AP, 1/11/00)
1995        Jan 11, A 9-year-old girl survived a Colombian airliner crash that killed the other 52 people aboard near the Caribbean resort of Cartagena.
    (AP, 1/11/00)
1995        Jan 11, Onat Kutlar (b.1936), Turkish pro-secular poet and writer, was killed. The militant group Great Islamic Raiders of the East Front were implicated.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onat_Kutlar)(SFC, 10/22/99, p.B6)

1995        Jan 12, Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges that she had tried to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan; the charges were later dropped.
    (AP, 1/12/00)
1995        Jan 12, In LA, Ca., Judge Ito heard defense arguments for questioning racial attitudes of Detective Mark Fuhrman in the murder trial against OJ Simpson. Fuhrman had found a bloody glove at O.J.'s estate.
1995        Jan 12, In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, an American soldier was killed and another wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian army officer who also was killed.
    (AP, 1/12/00)

1995        Jan 13, The Johnson Grove Baptist Church in Bells, Tenn., burned down as did the Macedonia Baptist Church in Denmark, Tenn. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Jan 13, Italy named Treasury Minister Lamberto Dini its prime minister. He pledged to resign after approval of a deficit cutting budget.
    (AP, 1/13/00)(WSJ, 10/27/95, p.A-1)
1995        Jan 13, Authorities in the Philippines said they had unearthed a conspiracy by militant Muslims to assassinate Pope John Paul II during his visit.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1995        Jan 14, Pope John Paul II addressed a huge rally in Manila, urging young people to reject cynicism.
    (AP, 1/14/00)
1995        Jan 14, Russian troops in the breakaway republic of Chechnya captured the Council of Ministers building, a key rebel position in the capital Grozny.
    (AP, 1/14/00)

1995        Jan 15, The San Francisco 49ers defeated the Dallas Cowboys 38-28 in the National Football Conference title game, while the San Diego Chargers upset the Pittsburgh Steelers 17-13 in the American Football Conference championship.
    (AP, 1/15/05)
1995        Jan 15, San Francisco’s I. Magnin store on Union Square closed. The first I. Magnin was founded in 1877 on Market St. In 2006 James Thomas Mullane authored “A Store to Remember," an illustrated history of the store.
    (SSFC, 12/31/06, p.E1,5)
1995        Jan 15, British soldiers ended daytime patrols in Belfast, Ireland.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)
1995        Jan 15, Pope John Paul II celebrated a final Mass during his visit to the Philippines, drawing millions of people.
    (AP, 1/15/00)

1995        Jan 16, In Union, S.C., a prosecutor announced he would seek the death penalty for Susan Smith, the woman accused of drowning her sons, 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex. Smith was later convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 1/16/00)

1995        Jan 17, George W. Bush (b.1946) began serving as the 46th governor of Texas. Bush had already picked Alberto Gonzales (b.1955) as his general counsel.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Bush)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.38)
1995        Jan 17, A magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit the port city of Kobe, Japan. 5,502 people were killed in the worst earthquake to hit Japan since 1923.
    (WSJ, 1/18/95, p.A1)(AP, 6/22/02)(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.F4)

1995        Jan 18, The new San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, designed by Swiss architect Mario Botta, opened. It’s cost is $63 million and it’s size is 225,000 sq. ft.
    (SF E&C, 1/15/95, SFE Mag. p.21)
1995        Jan 18, Joseph Kagan (b.1915), a Lithuanian-British industrialist and the founder of Kagan Textiles, of Elland, died in London. His company made raincoats from the waterproof Gannex fabric he had invented. Kagan had funded PM Harold Wilson's private office for years and was awarded a peerage. In 1980 Kagan was convicted of four counts of theft. He was fined £375,000 and served a ten-month sentence.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Kagan,_Baron_Kagan)(Econ., 2/13/21, p.56)
1995        Jan 18, The death toll climbed past 6,000 in the earthquake in Kobe, Japan.
    (AP, 1/18/00)
1995        Jan 18, South African President Nelson Mandela's cabinet denied amnesty sought by 3,500 police officers in apartheid's waning days.
    (AP, 1/18/00)

1995        Jan 19, Russian troops regained control of the presidential palace in Grozny, the capital of the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 1/19/00)

1995        Jan 20, The U.S. State Department announced a partial lifting of economic sanctions against North Korea.
    (AP, 1/20/00)
1995        Jan 20, Bruno Jordan, suit salesman and brother a drug enforcement officer, was shot dead in El Paso. In 2002 Charles Bowden authored "Down By the River," an account of the murder and narcotics traffickers.
    (NW, 1/13/03, p.61)
1995        Jan 20, The Mt. Zion AME Church in Williamsburg Co., S.C.., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Jan 20, The Japanese government, criticized for being slow to respond to Kobe's devastating earthquake, admitted its initial reaction might have been "confused."
    (AP, 1/20/00)
1995        Jan 20, Jean-Claude Juncker (b.1954), the leader of the Christian Social People's Party, succeeded Jacques Santer as PM of Luxembourg. “Juncker’s Curse" was named after Jean-Claude Juncker, who famously quipped: “We all know what to do. But we don’t know how to get reelected once we've done it."

1995        Jan 21, President Clinton, addressing the Democratic National Committee, implored members to "bear down and go forward" despite results of the 1994 elections.
    (AP, 1/21/00)

1995        Jan 22, The Macedonia Baptist Church in Manning, S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun. Four Klansmen were later arrested and convicted.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 7/21/98, p.A3)
1995        Jan 22, Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy died at the family compound in Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104.
    (AP, 1/22/98)
1995        Jan 22, Two Palestinians blew themselves up at Beit Lid junction in central Israel and killed 21 Israelis. Dozens of others were injured and the Islamic Jihad took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 1/22/00)

1995        Jan 23, The US Supreme Court ruled that companies accused of firing employees illegally could not escape liability by later finding a lawful reason to justify the dismissal.
    (AP, 1/23/00)
1995        Jan 23, A French team of paleontologists led by Michel Brunet on 1/23/95 discovered a lower jaw with 7 teeth and a separate canine of a hominid from 3.5 to 3 million years of age. The discovery was made in a dried lake bed of central Chad and named Australopithecus bahrelghazalia after the Arab name of a nearby river.
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A14)

1995        Jan 24, President Clinton appealed for common ground as he delivered his second State of the Union address, this time before a Republican-led Congress.
    (AP, 1/24/00)
1995        Jan 24, The prosecution gave its opening statement at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
    (AP, 1/24/00)

1995        Jan 25, The defense gave its opening statement in the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, saying Simpson was the victim of a "rush to judgment" by authorities who had mishandled evidence and ignored witnesses.
    (AP, 1/25/00)
1995        Jan, 25, Extensive flooding hit the streets of Las Vegas and many casinos had water dripping onto gambling tables.
    (HFA, '96, p.73)
1995        Jan 25, The top of a Chinese Long March missile disintegrated as it hit supersonic speeds and destroyed a Hughes Apstar 2 satellite. The debris killed at least 6 villagers.
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A5)(www.christusrex.org/www2/china/Hughes/pg7.html)
1995        Jan 25, A team of Norwegian and American scientists launched a Black Brant XII four-stage sounding rocket from the Andoya Rocket Range off the northwest coast of Norway to study the aurora borealis over Svalbard. Nuclear forces in Russia were put on alert, and the nuclear-command suitcase was brought to President Boris Yeltsin, who then had to decide whether to launch a nuclear barrage against the United States. This became known as the Norwegian rocket incident or Black Brant scare.

1995        Jan 26, A little more than three weeks after Republicans took control of Congress, the House endorsed a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution designed to eliminate chronic federal deficits.
    (AP, 1/26/00)

1995        Jan 27, About 5,000 mourners gathered at the site of the Nazi death camp Auschwitz to commemorate the 50th anniversary of its liberation.
    (AP, 1/27/00)

1995        Jan 28, President Clinton was host to a 5 1/2-hour "work session" of governors, legislators and local officials, both Democrats and Republicans, to discuss welfare reform.
    (AP, 1/28/00)

1995        Jan 29, The San Francisco 49ers became the first team in NFL history to win five Super Bowl titles, beating the San Diego Chargers, 49-26.
    (AP, 1/29/00)

1995        Jan 30, The Smithsonian Institution abandoned plans for a major exhibit on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, yielding to critics who charged the exhibit would have portrayed America as the aggressor and Japan as the victim in World War II.
    (AP, 1/30/00)
1995        Jan 30, At least 42 people were killed and nearly 300 wounded when a car bomb blamed on Muslim insurgents exploded in downtown Algiers.
    (AP, 1/30/00)

1995        Jan 31, President Clinton scrapped a $40 billion rescue plan for Mexico, announcing instead that he would act unilaterally to provide Mexico with $20 billion from a fund normally used to defend the U.S. dollar.
    (AP, 1/31/00)
1995        Jan 31, The Mt. Calvary Baptist Church in Hardeman Co., Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Jan 31, George Abbott (b.1887), legendary Broadway producer-director, died in Miami Beach, Florida, at age 107.
    (AP, 1/31/00)

1995        Jan, "The Oxford History of the American West," was published, 904pp, $39.95.
    (WSJ, 1/11/95, A12)

1995        Jan, Roger Penrose wrote "Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness." The book is an attempt to show that the human mind is not like a computer program, and that no computer program could substitute for the mind.
    (WSJ, 1/9/95, A10)

1995        Jan, Jed Katz and Phil Marcus founded Rent Net, a computerized listing of available rental units across the US. Its web address is http://www.rentfacts.com
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.E-6)
1995        Jan, The US Postal Service began to allow consumers to use credit cards in postal purchases.
    (WSJ, 4/30/96, p.A8)
1995        Jan, In Georgia Andrew Cook (21) shot and killed Michele Cartagena (19) and Grant Hendrickson (22) in a lover’s lane. Cook, the son of a former FBI agent, was convicted and sentenced to death in 1998.
    (SFC, 3/20/98, p.A3)
1995                   Jan, In Nevada the charred body of Ron Rudin (64), a millionaire real estate developer, was found in the desert. His 5th wife, Margaret, was suspect but there was insufficient evidence to arrest her.
    (SFC, 2/2/98, p.A3)

1995        Jan, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic reportedly made contact with an arms dealer, Nikolas Oman, to buy a secret nuclear device of red mercury for $6 million cash and an additional $60 million from the mortgage of a state-owned refinery.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A25)
1995        Jan, British Lieutenant General Rupert Smith, UN commander in Bosnia, arrived in the Bosnian capital and set up an intelligence cell.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995        Jan, Commercial internet service became available in China.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, SR p.6)
1995        Jan, In Lesotho Letsie gave up the crown to his returned father.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)
1995        Jan, In Peru Manuel Lopez Paredes was arrested. Police discovered 3.5 tons of cocaine, valued at more than $600 million, ready for shipment by the family cartel.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A12)

1995        Jan-Jun, In Mexico almost 9,000 companies went bankrupt and 1 million Mexicans were thrown out of work.
    (SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A13)

1995        Feb 1, The US Federal Reserve boosted interest rates by 0.5%, the seventh rate hike in a year.
    (AP, 2/1/00)
1995        Feb 1, House Republicans pushed through a bill restricting the US federal government's ability to impose unfunded mandates on states.
    (AP, 2/1/00)

1995        Feb 2, President Clinton nominated Henry Foster Jr. to succeed fired Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders; however, Foster's nomination was later defeated in the Senate.
    (AP, 2/2/00)
1995        Feb 2, The leaders of Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians held an unprecedented summit in Cairo to try to revive the Mideast peace process.
    (AP, 2/2/00)(http://tinyurl.com/255pml)

1995        Feb 3, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off with a woman, Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins, in the pilot's seat for the first time in NASA history.
    (AP, 2/3/00)
1995        Feb 3, At the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, prosecution witness Denise Brown wept on the stand as she described the humiliation and abuse of her sister, Nicole Brown Simpson, at the hands of the former football star.
    (AP, 2/3/00)
1995        Feb 3, IBM in fashion shed its dress code in favor of casual wear.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.C1)

1995        Feb 4, A standoff between the United States and China escalated into a trade war, with each country ordering stiff tariffs against the other.
    (AP, 2/4/00)
1995        Feb 4, Patricia Highsmith (b.1921), American born novelist, died in Switzerland. Her work included 22 novels, nine short stories and 8,000 pages of diaries and notebooks. Her first novel, “Strangers on a Train" (1950) was made into a 1951 film by Alfred Hitchcock. In 2009 Joan Schenkar authored “The Talented Miss Highsmith: The Secret Life and Serious Art of Patricia Highsmith." In 2021 Richard Bradford authored her biography "Devils, Lusts and Strange Desires: The Life of Patricia Highsmith."
    (SSFC, 12/13/09, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patricia_Highsmith)(Econ., 1/23/21, p.69)

1995        Feb 5, The White House and congressional Republicans drew battle lines over President Clinton's $1.61 trillion budget, with Republicans accusing Clinton of "taking a walk" and the administration saying Clinton was cutting the deficit more than any president in history.
    (AP, 2/4/00)

1995        Feb 6, President Clinton unveiled his $1.61 trillion budget for 1996, mixing mild tax relief and spending reductions.
    (AP, 2/6/00)
1995        Feb 6, Siddig Ibrahim Siddig Ali, the alleged mastermind of a campaign of violence, pleaded guilty in New York to plotting urban terrorism.
    (AP, 2/6/00)
1995        Feb 6, The space shuttle Discovery flew to within 37 feet of the Russian space station Mir in the first rendezvous of its kind in two decades.
    (AP, 2/6/00)
1995        Feb 6, Poet James Merrill (b.1926) died in Tucson, Arizona, from AIDS. In 2001 Alison Lurie authored "Familiar Spirits: A Memoir of James Merrill and David Jackson." In 2015 Langdon Hammer authored James Merrill: Life and Art."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Merrill)(SSFC, 3/11/01, BR p.3)(Econ., 4/18/15, p.75)
1995         Feb 6, Pres. Jean-Bertrand Aristide disbanded the Haitian army and replaced it with a civilian police force.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

1995        Feb 7, Ramzi Yousef, the alleged mastermind of the World Trade Center bombing, was arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan, after two years as a fugitive.
    (AP, 2/7/00)

1995        Feb 8, US Surgeon General nominee Henry Foster said in an ABC interview he'd performed 39 abortions, more than three times as many as previously stated.
    (AP, 2/8/00)
1995        Feb 8, The U.N. Security Council approved sending 7,000 peacekeepers to Angola to cement an accord ending 19 years of civil war.
    (AP, 2/8/00)
1995        Feb 8, A 6.4 earthquake at Trujillo, Colombia, killed over 46 people.

1995        Feb 9, A preview of "Heiress" opened at Cort Theater NYC for 340 performances.
1995        Feb 9, Former US Sen. J. William Fulbright (b.1905) died in Washington, DC.
1995        Feb 9, David Wayne (b.1914), [Wayne Mcmeekan], US actor (Dallas), died.

1995        Feb 10, The US House passed a GOP crime bill boosting funding for state prisons but requiring states to get tougher on violent criminals before they could receive any money.
    (AP, 2/10/00)

1995        Feb 11, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, threatened to veto any attempt by Republicans to scrap plans to put 100,000 additional police officers on the streets.
    (AP, 2/11/00)
1995        Feb 11, The space shuttle Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., ending a historic rendezvous mission with Russia's Mir space station.
    (AP, 2/11/00)

1995        Feb 12, Jurors in the O.J. Simpson murder trial toured the scene where Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman had been slain, then visited the estate of the former football star.
    (AP, 2/12/00)

1995        Feb 13, House Speaker Newt Gingrich ruled out running for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 2/13/00)   
1995        Feb 13, The Hague War Crimes Tribunal indicted 21 Serbs for atrocities against Croats and Muslims interned in a Bosnian prison camp. Zeljko Meakic, Bosnian Serb police officer, was charged with commanding the Serb Omarska camp in northwest Bosnia. Dusan Tadic, Bosnian Serb cafe owner, was charged for visiting Serb-run camps to beat and kill non-Serb inmates.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(AP, 2/13/00)

1995        Feb 14, The best-seller "Rules: Time-Tested Secrets for Making Your Marriage Work" by Ellen Fein and Sherrie Schneider was first released. The dating strategy expanded to "Rules III" in 2001 despite divorce plans by Ellen Fein.
    (WSJ, 3/23/00, p.B1)
1995        Feb 14, A federal judge rejected the Justice Department's proposed antitrust settlement with Microsoft Corporation; U.S. District Judge Stanley Sporkin was later overruled by an appeals court.
    (AP, 2/14/00)
1995        Feb 14, The House passed the centerpiece of the Republican anti-crime package, voting to create block grants for local governments while eliminating President Clinton's program to hire more police. The president later vetoed a spending authorization bill containing this provision.
    (AP, 2/14/00)
1995        Feb 14, Britain’s Sizewell B nuclear power plant, near Leiston, Suffolk, started generating power. Construction had started in 1988.
1995        Feb 14, Nigel Finch, British filmmaker, died. he had just finished shooting his film "Stonewall." The film was completed by Christine Vachon.
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.32)
1995        Feb 14, Michael Vincent Gazzo (b.1923), US actor, playwright (Godfather 2), died.

1995        Feb 15, The FBI arrested Kevin Mitnick, its "most wanted hacker," and charged him with cracking security in some of the nation's most protected computers. Mitnick was released Jan. 21, 2000, after serving five years behind bars.
    (AP, 2/15/00)
1995        Feb 15, A fire roared through a three-story nightclub in Taichung, Taiwan, killing at least 64 people.
    (AP, 2/15/00)
1995        Feb 15, Population of People's Republic of China hit 1.2 billion.
    (www.china.org.cn/e-white/familypanning/13-2.htm)(WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)

1995        Feb 16, Four people were killed when tornadoes tore through rural north Alabama.
    (AP, 2/16/00)
1995        Feb 16, In a dark and defensive address to his nation, Russian President Boris Yeltsin berated his military leaders for big losses and human rights abuses in Chechnya, but insisted Russia had to use force to defend its unity.
    (AP, 2/16/00)

1995        Feb 17, Federal judge allowed a lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive and manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked. 
1995        Feb 17, Colin Ferguson was convicted of six counts of murder in the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings. He was later sentenced to a minimum of 200 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/17/00)

1995        Feb 18, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People replaced veteran chairman William Gibson with Myrlie Evers-Williams, the widow of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, after the rank-and-file declared no confidence in Gibson's leadership.
    (AP, 2/18/00)

1995        Feb 19, A day after being named the new chairwoman of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Myrlie Evers-Williams outlined her plans for revitalizing the civil rights organization, saying she intended to take the group back to its roots.
    (AP, 2/19/00)
1995        Feb 19, Calder Willingham (b.1922), novelist, scriptwriter (The Graduate), died of lung cancer in New Hampshire.

1995        Feb 20, An American Marine, Sgt. Justin A. Harris, died in a helicopter crash during the evacuation of United Nations forces from Somalia.
    (AP, 2/20/00)

1995        Feb 21, The United States and Mexico signed an agreement to unlock $20 billion in U.S. support to stabilize the peso, but under tough conditions.
    (AP, 2/21/00)
1995        Feb 21, Chicago stockbroker Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada.
    (AP, 2/21/00)
1995        Feb 21, Robert Bolt (b.1924), British playwright (Doctor Zhivago, Man for All Seasons, Bounty), died.
1995        Feb 21, Art Kane (b.1925), photographer, died.

1995        Feb 22, Ed Flanders (b.1934), actor (Dr Westphall-St Elsewhere), committed suicide.
1995        Feb 22, Bill Bailey (b.1909), a union activist and vice-president of SF dock Local 10, died. He was a veteran of the Lincoln and Washington battalions during the Spanish Civil War and a writer and actor in his later years [see Jul 26, 1935]. The Telegraph Hill cottage in which he lived, ended up near a MUNI yard at Tulare and Indiana streets, where it became damaged beyond repair.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SPbailey.htm)(SFC, 6/24/99, p.A19)(SSFC, 3/7/10, p.A2)
1995        Feb 22, Security forces in Algiers crushed a prison uprising by Islamic extremists, resulting in 96 deaths by official count.
    (AP, 2/22/00)
1995        Feb 22, France accused four American diplomats and a fifth U.S. citizen of spying, and asked them to leave the country.
    (AP, 2/22/00)

1995        Feb 23, Administration officials said President Clinton would review dozens of affirmative action programs.
    (AP, 2/23/00)
1995        Feb 23, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 4,000 mark for the first time, ending the day at 4,003.33.
    (WSJ, 12/16/96, p.C1) (AP, 2/23/00)
1995        Feb 23, Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter arrived in Haiti to help prepare for peaceful elections.
    (AP, 2/23/00)
1995        Feb 23, James Alfred Wight (b.1916), Scottish author Yorkshire veterinarian, died. His penname was James Herriot and his work included "All Creatures Great and Small," which was later made into a BBC TV series. His first book was "If Only They Could Talk." His home and shop in Thirsk was opened for visitors in 1999.
    (www.todayinliterature.com/biography/james.herriot.asp)(SFC, 7/19/99, p.A22)

1995        Feb 24, Under pressure from farm-state Republicans, US House leaders abandoned a campaign promise to disband the food stamp program.
    (AP, 2/24/00)

1995        Feb 25, Former President Jimmy Carter wound up a 54-hour visit to Haiti, denying he'd been given a chilly reception by Haitians whom he'd helped save from a potentially bloody U.S.-led intervention.
    (AP, 2/25/00)
1995        Feb 25, In Oklahoma store manager Richard Yost was beaten to death with a baseball bat and placed in the freezer of his supermarket in Tulsa. Three men were later executed for the murder and a 4th was convicted to life in prison.
    (AFP, 1/10/14)(http://tinyurl.com/qhw3t45)

1995        Feb 26, The United States and China averted a trade war by signing a comprehensive agreement on copyright and patent protection.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(AP, 2/26/00)
1995        Feb 26, Barings PLC, Britain's oldest investment banking firm, was forced into bankruptcy after an employee in Singapore, Nicholas William Leeson (28), speculated in derivatives on Tokyo stock prices that resulted in losses exceeding $1.4 billion.
    (WSJ, 2/27/95, p.A-1)(AP, 2/26/00)

1995        Feb 27, Court-appointed salvagers swarmed into Britain's oldest investment bank to evaluate the remaining assets of Barings PLC after Nick Leeson, a 28-year-old trader, ruined the firm by gambling on Tokyo stock prices.
    (AP, 2/27/00)
1995        Feb 27, Bernard Cornfield (b.1927), British financier, died. In 1972 Charles Raw, Bruce Page and Godfrey Hodgson authored “Do You Sincerely Want to Be Rich: The full story of Bernard Cornfield and IOS."

1995        Feb 28, U.S. Marines swept ashore in Somalia to protect retreating U.N. peacekeepers.
    (AP, 2/28/00)
1995        Feb 28, Denver International Airport opened after 16 months of delays and $3.2 billion in budget overruns. A $250 million automated baggage handling system contributed to the delays. United Airlines gave up on the system in 2005.
    (AP, 2/28/98)(WSJ, 6/7/05, p.D5)
1995        Feb 28, In Mexico Raul Salinas de Gortari was arrested for masterminding the murder of Jose Francisco Ruiz Sep 28, 1994. He was imprisoned in Almaloya prison, Mexico’s highest-security facility. In 1998 Raul Salinas was acquitted of money laundering but remained in jail on murder and illegal-enrichment charges.
    (WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A15)(SFC, 4/8/97, p.A6)(SFC, 5/22/98, p.D4)(SFC, 1/22/99, p.A10)
1995        Feb 28, Max Rudolf (92), conductor, died.

1995        Feb, In Argentina Carlos Menem Jr. (27) was killed in a helicopter crash. It was later reported that the copter was shot down. A number of witnesses and people involved in the investigations were also killed. His mother, Zulema Yoma, later pressed for an investigation and in 1997 staged a sit-in a police headquarters in Buenos Aires to get a report released that indicated sniper fire in the crash.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A13)
1995        Feb, The Mexican government identified Subcommander Marcos of the Zapatistas as former university Prof. Rafael Guillen. A government offensive reduced the amount of territory controlled by the rebels.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C2)

1995        Feb, In Zurich, Switzerland, the police clamped down on the open drug scene and dispersed the junkies. There were an estimated 30,000 addicts in the country.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)   

1995        Mar 1, At the 37th annual Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, Sheryl Crow won record of the year for "All I Wanna Do" while Tony Bennett's "MTV Unplugged" was named best album.
    (AP, 3/1/00)
1995        Mar 1, As of this day Belgian armed forces consisted of professional volunteers only.
1995        Mar 1, The Bosnian Serb government received a $60 million mortgage for the oil refinery in Srpski Brod from a Liberian-owned company, Orbal Marketing Service Ltd. [see Jan 1995] Delivery was made to the Bosnian Serbs in late March of a supposed nuclear device of red mercury at the Gradiska border. It was discovered to be a swindle.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A25)
1995        Mar 1, Jozef Oleksy succeeded Waldemar Pawlak as premier of Poland.
1995        Mar 1, Somalia militiamen loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid seized control of the Mogadishu airport after peacekeepers withdrew.
    (AP, 3/1/00)
1995        Mar 1, Vitaly Massol, Ukraine premier, resigned.
1995        Mar 1, Julio Maria Sanguinetti was sworn in as President of Uruguay.

1995        Mar 2, The US Senate rejected the balanced-budget amendment; the vote, 65-35, was two votes shy of the two-thirds majority needed for passage.
    (AP, 3/2/00)
1995        Mar 2, Ted Truman, a top int’l. staffer at the Federal Reserve, reported to Alan Greenspan that massive dollar sales were driving down the US currency. In response the Fed and Treasury bought $600 million in marks and yen and repeated the action next day joined by 13 central banks. The dollar stabilized.
    (WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A13)
1995        Mar 2, "Smokey Joe's Café," previewed on Feb 9, opened at Virginia Theater in NYC.
1995        Mar 2, The space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8) blasted off to study the far reaches of the universe.
    (AP, 3/2/00)
1995        Mar 2, Ferry boat sank off Sumbe, Angola, and over 42 people were killed.
    (SC, 3/2/02)
1995        Mar 2, British trader Nick Leeson, blamed for the collapse of Barings PLC, was detained in Germany.
    (AP, 3/2/00)
1995        Mar 2, The last U.N. peacekeepers in Somalia were evacuated.
    (AP, 3/2/00)

1995        Mar 3, President Clinton held a news conference in which he asserted his administration had built a safer world and stronger economy while Republicans were trying to cut money for the needy to give tax breaks to the rich.
    (AP, 3/3/00)
1995        Mar 3, The dollar plunged to a new low against the Japanese yen.
    (AP, 3/3/00)
1995        Mar 3, Howard Hunter (87), US leader of Mormon Church (1994-95), died.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1995        Mar 3, Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorced.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1995        Mar 3, In Georgia Glenn Turner (31) was discovered dead in bed by his wife. A Cobb medical examiner ruled that he died from an irregular heartbeat. Lynn Turner murdered her police officer husband, Glenn Turner, to get his life insurance money. In 2001 she killed her boyfriend, Randy Thompson, by poisoning him with antifreeze. In 2007 Turner (38), convicted in 2004 for her husband’s death, was convicted again for the Thompson’s murder. Turner (42) died in prison on Aug 30, 2010.
    (www.ajc.com/news/lynn-turners-death-still-603086.html)(SSFC, 3/25/07, p.A3)(SFC, 8/31/10, p.A7)
1995        Mar 3, A car bomb exploded at a mosque in Karachi, Pakistan, and 10 people were killed.

1995        Mar 4, President Clinton, in his weekly radio address, said spending cuts proposed by congressional Republicans would gut safe-school and anti-drug programs needed to protect children.
    (AP, 3/4/00)

1995        Mar 5, An Australian yacht broke in two and sank in heavy wind and fierce winds off the Southern California coast, the first sinking in the history of America's Cup racing; all 17 crew members were rescued.
    (AP, 3/5/00)

1995        Mar 6, The US Republican-controlled House took up business-backed legislation to alter the civil legal system over White House objections that some of the proposals were too extreme. The House passed the measure the following day.
    (AP, 3/6/00)

1995        Mar 7, New York Gov. George Pataki signed a death penalty bill into law. NY became the 38th state to adopt the death penalty.
    (AP, 3/7/00)
1995        Mar 7, In a near-party-line vote, the House passed, 232-193, a business-backed measure designed to pressure combatants in lawsuits to settle their differences short of costly trials.
    (AP, 3/7/00)

1995        Mar 8, Two United States diplomats were killed, one injured, when their car was ambushed as they were driving to the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/8/00)
1995        Mar 8, The plummeting dollar stabilized after Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan called the decline unwarranted.
    (AP, 3/8/00)

1995        Mar 9, US House Republicans unveiled their long-promised tax cut for families, businesses and investors.
    (AP, 3/9/00)
1995        Mar 9, President Clinton eased travel restrictions on Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams and invited him to the White House for St. Patrick's Day.
    (AP, 3/9/00)
1995        Mar 9, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman took the stand at the O.J. Simpson murder trial, denying ever meeting a woman who had accused him of making racist remarks.
    (AP, 3/9/00)
1995        Mar 9, President Konstantine Karamanlis (1907-1998) of Greece, resigned.
1995        Mar 9, Ian Ballantine (b.1916), US publisher, died of a heart attack. He founded and published the paperback line of Ballantine Books from 1952 to 1974 with his wife, Betty.

1995        Mar 10, The Labor US Department reported the nation's unemployment rate for February dropped to 5.4 percent, down 0.003 from the month before.
    (AP, 3/10/00)
1995        Mar 10, The Clinton administration released $3 billion to support Mexico's faltering economy. Former Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari fled to the United States.
    (AP, 3/10/00)
1995        Mar 10, The book "Blindside: Why Japan Is Still on Track to Overtake the US by the year 2000," by Eamonn Fingleton, was published. He argued that the Japanese economic slump was a ruse to lull rivals into complacency.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A14)
1995        Mar 10, Alexander Hyatt-King (b.1911), Mozart scholar, died.

1995        March 11, A bridge on I-5 near Coalinga, Ca. was washed away. 14 people lost their lives in the March floods in California. Damage was estimated at $2 billion.
    (HFA, '96, p.73)

1995        Mar 11, President Clinton nominated Deputy Defense Secretary John Deutch to be CIA director.
    (AP, 3/11/00)
1995        Mar 11, Gerry Adams, leader of the IRA-allied Sinn Fein party, arrived in the United States for a St. Patrick's Day visit.
    (AP, 3/11/00)

1995        Mar 12, President Clinton declared 39 California counties disaster areas after storms and floods battered two-thirds of the state.
    (AP, 3/12/00)
1995        Mar 12, Gordon B. Hinckley (1910-2008), a grandson of Mormon pioneers, took over as president and prophet of the Mormon church.
    (AP, 1/28/08)
1995        Mar 12, World leaders wound up a weeklong summit in Copenhagen, Denmark, committing themselves to fighting poverty, but differing on how to do so.
    (AP, 3/12/00)

1995        Mar 13, Two Americans working for U.S. defense contractors in Kuwait, David Daliberti and William Barloon, were seized by Iraq after they strayed across the border; sentenced to eight years in prison, both were freed the following July.
    (AP, 3/13/00)
1995        Mar 13, Istanbul police killed at least 15 Alawi (Alevi) demonstrators.

1995        Mar 14, American astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to enter space aboard a Russian rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off board a Soyuz spacecraft, headed for the Mir space station.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1995        Mar 15, President Clinton issued an executive order formally blocking a $1 billion contract between Conoco and Iran to develop a huge offshore oil tract in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 3/15/00)
1995        Mar 15, Lockheed Corp. and Martin Marietta officially merged to form the Lockhhedd Martin Corp.

1995        Mar 16, House Republicans pushed through $17 billion in spending cuts, prompting a veto threat by the White House.
1995        Mar 16, Mississippi formally ratified 13th Amendment and abolished slavery.
1995        Mar 16, NASA astronaut Norman Thagard was welcomed aboard the Russian space station Mir as the first American to visit the orbiting outpost.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1995        Mar 17, The White House hosted a St. Patrick's Day reception for Irish Prime Minister John Bruton which was attended by Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams.
    (AP, 3/17/00)
1995        Mar 17, The federal government approved the nation's first chicken pox vaccine, Varivax by Merck & Co.
    (AP, 3/17/00)
1995        Mar 17, Flor Contemplacion, a Filipino maid, was hanged in Singapore for murder, despite international pleas to spare her.
    (AP, 3/17/00)

1995        Mar 18, The United States Catholic Conference's administrative board criticized a Republican welfare reform plan, saying it would hurt poor children and could push women to have abortions.
    (AP, 3/18/00)
1995        Mar 18, Michael Jordan announced that he was ending his 17 month NBA retirement.
1995        Mar 18, Spain's Princess Elena married a banker, Jaime de Marichalar y Saenz de Tejada, in Seville; it was Spain's first royal wedding in 89 years.
    (AP, 3/18/00)

1995        Mar 19, After giving up an attempt to become a major league baseball player, Michael Jordan returned to pro basketball with his former team, the Chicago Bulls.
    (AP, 3/19/02)
1995        Mar 19, Finnish voters throw out the center-right coalition government and give the opposition Social Democratic Party its biggest election victory since World War II.
    (AP, 3/19/02)
1995        Mar 19, Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Jewish settlers, killing two people.
    (AP, 3/19/00)

1995        Mar 20, Commentator Pat Buchanan formally launched his presidential campaign in New Hampshire.
    (AP, 3/20/00)
1995        Mar 20, Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (Pulitzer prize 1934), died.
    (MC, 3/20/02)
1995        Mar 20, The Bosnian army, having gained strength despite an arms embargo, launched a major offensive in the northeast against Serb positions.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995        Mar 20, A gas attack by the Aum Shinri Kyo cult on Tokyo's subways killed 12 people. More than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the poisonous gas sarin leaked on five separate subway trains. Masato Yokoyama, a cult leader, was sentenced to death in 1999. In 2000 Robert Jay Lifton authored "Destroying the World To Save It: Aum Shinrikyo, Apocalyptic Violence, and the New Global Terrorism." In 2001 Haruki Murakami's "Underground: The Tokyo Gas Attack and the Japanese Psyche" was published in English. In 2004 Shoko Asahara was convicted and sentenced to hang for masterminding the deadly nerve gas attack on the Tokyo subway and other crimes that killed 27 people.
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A10)(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A12)(AP, 3/20/97)(SFC, 9/30/99, p.D14)(SFEC, 1/16/00, BR p.9)(SSFC, 4/29/01, DB p.81)(AP, 2/27/04)

1995        Mar 21, Thousands of Japanese police raided the offices of a secretive religious group, Aum Shinri Kyo, in connection with nerve-gas attacks on Tokyo subways that killed 12 people and sickened thousands. In ensuing weeks they found tons of chemicals used to make sarin nerve gas and evidence of biological weapons research.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A8)(AP, 3/21/00)

1995        Mar 22, Shouting erupted in the U.S. House of Representatives as Democrats bitterly accused majority Republicans of trying to ram through a mean-spirited welfare overhaul bill.
    (AP, 3/22/00)
1995        Mar 22, Convicted Long Island Rail Road gunman Colin Ferguson was sentenced to life in prison for killing six people.
    (AP, 3/22/00)

1995        Mar 23, "How To Succeed in Business Without Really Trying" opened at the Roy Rodgers NYC for 548 performances.
    (SS, 3/23/02)
1995        Mar 23, Secretary of State Warren Christopher met with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev in Geneva; afterward, Kozyrev said the U.S.-Russia "honeymoon has come to an end," referring to disagreements over Chechnya and nuclear sales to Iran.
    (AP, 3/23/00)
1995        Mar 23, Former Mexican deputy attorney general Mario Ruiz Massieu, brother of slain Francisco, was arrested in Newark N.J. after failing to declare $46,000 in cash.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/15/98, p.A8)(SFC, 8/28/99, p.A1)

1995        Mar 24, The House of Representatives passed, 234-to-199, a welfare reform package calling for the most profound changes in social programs since the New Deal; President Clinton criticized the bill, saying it was "weak on work and tough on children."
    (AP, 3/24/00)
1995        Mar 24, For the first time in 20 years, no British soldiers were patrolling the streets of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 3/24/00)
1995        Mar 24, Joseph Needham (b.1900), British biochemist and writer, died. His work included the 24-volume “Science and Civilization in China." In 2008 Simon Winchester authored “The Man Who Loved China: The Fantastic Story of the Eccentric Scientist Who Unlocked the Mysteries of the Middle Kingdom."
    (WSJ, 5/6/08, p.D7)(www.iias.nl/iiasn/iiasn5/eastasia/needham.html)

1995        Mar 25, Mike Tyson was released from the Indiana Youth Center after serving three years for the 1992 rape of Desiree Washington, a beauty pageant contestant.
    (AP, 3/25/00)
1995        Mar 25, Two Americans who had strayed across the Kuwaiti border into Iraq were sentenced to eight years in prison. However, David Daliberti and William Barloon were released by Iraq the following July.
    (AP, 3/25/00)
1995        Mar 25, Warren E. Burger, chief justice of US (1969-86), died.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1995        Mar 26, "Defending the Caveman" opened at Helen Hayes Theater in NYC for 671 performances.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1995        Mar 26, "Moliere Comedies" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 56 performances.
1995        Mar 26, In the 15th Golden Raspberry Awards: Color of Night won.
1995        Mar 26, The National Labor Relations Board, in an extraordinary Sunday session, voted 3-2 to seek an injunction against baseball owners as a seven-and-a-half-month-old strike by players continued.
    (AP, 3/26/00)
1995        Mar 26, Former US diplomat-turned-radio talk show host Alan Keyes entered the race for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/26/00)
1995        Mar 26, Uzbek Pres. Karimov's period in office is extended by three years, to 2000, in a referendum.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

1995        Mar 27, The 67th Academy Awards, held at the Shrine Auditorium in LA, was hosted by David Letterman. "Forrest Gump" won six Academy Awards, including best picture and a second consecutive Best Actor Oscar for Tom Hanks; Jessica Lange won Best Actress for "Blue Sky."
    (AP, 3/27/00)(SFC, 3/22/02, p.D1)
1995        Mar 27, Former President Jimmy Carter announced he had brokered a two-month cease-fire between Sudan's Islamic government and rebels.
    (AP, 3/27/00)
1995        Mar 27, Joanne Marie Mascha, an Ursuline Sister, was murdered while walking near her motherhouse just outside Cleveland.
    (MT, 3/96, p.10)
1995        Mar 27, In Italy Maurizio Gucci (46), businessman, was shot to death in Milan. He was the last family member to have held shares in the Gucci fashion company, now part of the Bahrain-based Investcorp. In 1997 police arrested his former wife, a psychic, a doorman, and two hitmen for their roles in the murder. In 1998 Patrizia Reggiani Martinelli (50) was convicted and sentenced to 29 years in prison. The psychic got 25, the doorman got 26, the driver got 29 and the gunman got life. Reggiani was furious that after 13 years of marriage he had abandoned her for another woman, leaving her to bring up their two young daughters. Reggiani's sentence was cut short for good behavior and she was released in 2017.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.A13)(The Telegraph, 1/11/21)

1995        Mar 28, Loomis guard Rick Price was shot in the head and killed during an armored car robbery in Sonoma, Ca. Bank robber William Crouch was also killed by a second guard and alleged accomplice Joan Carrafa of Glen Ellen was later arrested. She was convicted in 1996 for first degree murder.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A16)
1995        Mar 28, In Japan, Mitsubishi Bank and the Bank of Tokyo agreed to a merger to create what was then the world's largest bank.
    (AP, 3/28/00)

1995        Mar 29, The US House of Representatives rejected, 227-204, a constitutional amendment placing term limits on lawmakers. The rejected proposal would have limited terms to 12 years in the House and Senate.
    (AP, 3/29/00)

1995        Mar 30, Pope John Paul II issued the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemned abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.
    (AP, 3/30/00)
1995        Mar 30, In Japan Takaji Kunimatsu, chief of the National Police Agency, was seriously wounded by a masked gunman. Two months later a police officer confessed to the attack. He was a member of the Aum Shinri Kyo cult and said that he was ordered to carry out the attack. The confession was kept secret until anonymous newspaper accounts warned of a cover-up in 1996.
    (SFC, 10/30/96, p.A1,6)
1995        Mar 30, Tens of thousands of Rwandan refugees, fleeing violence in Burundi, began a two-day trek to sanctuary in Tanzania.
    (AP, 3/30/00)

1995        Mar 31, US baseball players agreed to end their 232-day strike after a judge granted a preliminary injunction against club owners.
    (AP, 3/31/00)
1995        Mar 31, President Clinton briefly visited Haiti, where he declared the U.S. mission to restore democracy there a "remarkable success."
    (AP, 3/31/00)
1995        Mar 31, Mexican-American singer Selena, 23, was shot to death in Corpus Christi, Texas, by the founder of her fan club. Yolanda Saldivar was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/31/97)
1995        Mar 31, Fred Cuny (b.1944), American disaster relief specialist, disappeared in Chechnya and was never found. He used his training in engineering to do humanitarian work and worked in countries such as Biafra, Guatemala, Ethiopia, Iraq, Somalia, and Bosnia. Cuny (50), an envoy for George Soros' Open Society Institute, was shot and killed by Chechen gunmen. In 1999 Scott Anderson published "The Man Who Tried to Save the World: The Dangerous Life and Mysterious Disappearance of Fred Cuny."
    (http://www.onlineethics.org/cms/14193.aspx)(SFEC, 6/6/99, BR p.1)

1995        Mar, Authorities arrested 75 people in the biggest dogfighting bust in San Francisco history.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.C-9)
1995        Mar, Sun Microsystems made a general release of its new software renamed JAVA from Oak. [2nd source said May] It was based on C++ language.
    (SFEM, 12/8/96, p.8)(WSJ, 8/27/97, p.A1)
1995        Mar, Uniroyal Chemical Corp. went public.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)
1995        Mar, David Filo and Jerry Yang, graduates students of Stanford Univ., turned their hobby into a business. In 1994 they had started a guide to their favorite sites on the Internet: Jerry and David’s Guide to the World Wide Web." The site was soon renamed Yahoo: "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle."
    (WSJ, 3/6/00, p.B1)(SFC, 7/18/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/20/07, p.B5)
1995        Mar, In Louisiana Patsy Byers, a convenience store clerk, was shot and seriously wounded by Sarah Edmonson and Benjamin Darrus. The two had just killed a Mississippi man and later asserted that the film "Natural Born Killers" inspired their actions.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A3)
1995        Mar, Neo-Nazi Gary Lauck of the US was arrested in Denmark and extradited to Germany for supplying hate literature and paraphernalia.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A18)
1995        Mar, Sen. Robert Torricelli of the House Intelligence Oversight Committee accused the CIA of a cover-up in 2 Guatemalan murders. A review in 1996 showed that Alpirez was on the CIA payroll from 1988-1992 and that he was involved in the cover-up of the 1990 murder of Michael Devine and had participated in the 1992 interrogation and likely torture of Efraim Bamaca, a captured Guatemalan guerrilla, killed in captivity and married to an American lawyer.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A13)
1995        Mar, Monya Elson was arrested in Italy. He was extradited to the US in Aug 1996. In 1993 he had fled to Italy from the US. He was suspected of masterminding a reign of terror over Russian immigrants through the 1980s and 1990s. His Monya’s Brigade operated out of Brighton Beach, New York.
    (SFC, 8/24/96, p.A8)
1995        Mar, In Mich. Jonathan Schmitz shot and killed Scott Amedure 3 days after the 2 appeared on the "Jenny Jones Show," where Schmitz learned that his secret admirer was Amedure. Schmitz was convicted of murder in 1996 but the verdict was overturned due to an error in jury selection. Schmitz was sentenced to a 25-50 year prison term. In 1999 a jury pronounced a $25 million verdict against the producers of the show in a wrongful death suit by the family of Amedure. In Aug 1999 a 2nd jury convicted Schmitz of murder. Judge Wendy Pots sentenced Schmitz to 25-50 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/2/99, p.A3)(SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/99, p.A13)(SFC, 9/15/99, p.A6)
1995        Mar, In the US Eugenio Perente-Ramos, leader of the leftist cult that called itself the Provisional Communist Party or the National Labor Federation, died.
    (SFC, 11/13/96, p.A3)
1995        Mar, Secret negotiations took place in Mexico between Pres. Ernesto Zedillo and his predecessor Carlos Salinas They struck a deal to protect Salinas from prosecution or interrogation on corruption and murder charges. The episode was described in the book "Bordering On Chaos: Guerrillas, Stockbrokers, Politicians and Mexico’s Road to Prosperity" by Andres Oppenheimer.
    (SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.12)
1995        Mar, In Nigeria retired Gen’l. Olusegun Obasanjo, former head of state, was arrested by the military junta on suspicion of complicity in an alleged coup.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)
1995        Mar, The Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) was formed. It was charged with building 2 light-water reactors in North Korea.
    (WSJ, 1/30/03, p.A1)

1995        Apr 1, Aaron, a computer-driven robot began painting a new 25 sq. ft canvas on a daily basis. It was designed and programmed by Harold Cohen, a San Diego computer scientist. The event was scheduled to start in Boston at 300 Congress St. and go to May 29.   
    (WSJ, 3/28/95, p.A24)
1995        Apr 1, More than 1,500 mourners attended a vigil for Mexican-American singer Selena in Corpus Christi, Texas, where she had been shot to death the day before.
    (AP, 4/1/00)
1995        Apr 1, U.N. peacekeepers officially took over from the U.S.-led multinational force in Haiti.
    (AP, 4/1/00)
1995        Apr 1, With U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry looking on, Ukraine began the process of dismantling its nuclear missiles.
    (AP, 4/1/00)
1995        Apr 1, In Spain infantry brigadier Mariano de Juan Santamaria was shot in the head in the northern city of San Sebastian. In 2014 ETA member Juan Ramon Carasatorre Aldaz (52) was sentenced to 29 years for the killing. Two others were already sentenced for taking part in the same crime.
    (AP, 6/16/14)

1995        Apr 2, Baseball owners accepted the players' union offer to play without a contract, ending the longest and costliest strike in the history of professional sports.
    (AP, 4/2/98)
1995        Apr 2, The NYC Police Dept and Transit Police merged into one organization.
1995        Apr 2, Members of the extremist group Hamas accidentally set off a bomb that tore through their hideout in the Gaza Strip, killing six people.
    (AP, 4/2/00)

1995        Apr 3, UCLA defeated Arkansas, 89-78, to win the NCAA basketball championship.
    (AP, 4/3/00)
1995        Apr 3, Former United Way of America President William Aramony was convicted in Alexandria, Va., of 25 counts of fraud for stealing nearly $600,000 dollars from the nation's biggest charity.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1995        Apr 4, Francisco Martin Duran, who had raked the White House with semiautomatic rifle fire in October 1994, was convicted in Washington of trying to assassinate President Clinton. Duran was later sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/4/00)
1995        Apr 4, Sen. Alfonse D'Amato, R-N.Y., used a mock Japanese accent to ridicule O.J. Simpson trial judge Lance Ito on a nationally syndicated radio program. He apologized two days later on the Senate floor.
    (AP, 4/4/00)
1995        Apr 4, Fierce fighting continues in Algeria as Muslim revolutionaries struggle against the military regime in power. It is estimated that over 1,000 people are being killed per month. France backs the military regime who, stopped free elections last year when it was clear that the Muslim fundamentalists were going to win.
1995        Apr 4, It was reported that Nuclear Matrix Proteins that act as a type of scaffolding for DNA were being used as markers for cancer. They were also thought to help turn genes off and on.
    (WSJ, 4/4/95, B-1)

1995        Apr 5, The House of Representatives passed, 246-188, a tax-cut bill, the final major item in the Republicans' "Contract with America."
    (AP, 4/5/00)
1995        Apr 5, The Mekong Agreement created the Mekong River Commission with Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam as members.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.34)(www.kellnielsen.dk/mekong/agreem.htm)

1995        Apr 6, The US Senate unanimously approved a $16 billion package of cuts in social programs. Earlier in the day, Sen. Alfonse D'Amato, R-N.Y., apologized on the Senate floor for lampooning O.J. Simpson trial judge Lance Ito on a nationally syndicated radio program by employing a mock Japanese accent.
    (AP, 4/6/05)

1995        Apr 7, President Clinton threatened to veto a lengthy list of bills passed by the Republican-controlled House if they were not modified in the Senate.
    (AP, 4/7/00)
1995        Apr 7, In a prime-time television address, House Speaker Newt Gingrich declared the GOP "Contract with America" was only a beginning.
    (AP, 4/7/00)

1995        Apr 8, Former Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, in an interview with AP Network News and "Newsweek" magazine to promote his memoir “In Retrospect," called America's Vietnam War policy "terribly wrong."
    (AP, 4/8/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_McNamara)

1995        Apr 9, Women’s rights supporters rallied near the U.S. Capitol to protest violence against women.
    (AP, 4/9/00)
1995        Apr 9, Two Palestinians blew themselves up outside two Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and killed seven Israeli soldiers and an American, Alisa Flatow (20). The Islamic Jihad and Hamas took responsibility. In 1998 a US district court judge ordered the government of Iran to pay $247 million in damages to the family of Flatow.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1995        Apr 9, Alberto Fujimori was re-elected president of Peru.
    (AP, 4/9/00)

1995        Apr 10, Sen. Bob Dole launched his third bid for the White House in Topeka, Kansas.
    (AP, 4/10/00)
1995        Apr 10, The Unabomber sent a letter to the New York Times claiming responsibility for the killing of Thomas Mosser.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)
1995        Apr 10, NYC enacted the Smoke Free Air Act which banned smoking in all restaurants that seated 35 or more.
1995        Apr 10, Chen Yun (b.1905), one of China’s “eight immortals," died.  He helped create modern China.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Yun)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.79)
1995        Apr 10, In Vietnam San Francisco Mayor Frank Jordan and Chairman Truong Tan Sang of Ho Chi Minh People’s Committee signed an Agreement on Friendship Affiliation.
    (SFC, 7/14/15, p.A3)

1995        Apr 11, Pres. Clinton expressed sympathy for Pakistan's anger over the blocked sale of American fighter jets, telling visiting PM Benazir Bhutto that it was "not right" for the United States to keep the planes and refuse to give the money back. Pakistan received jets in 2005.
    (AP, 4/11/00)(Reuters, 3/26/05)

1995        Apr 12, In a move that stunned the business world, billionaire Kirk Kerkorian and former Chrysler Chairman Lee Iacocca made an unsolicited $22.8 billion-dollar bid to buy the nation's third largest automaker; Chrysler responded that it wasn't for sale.
    (AP, 4/12/00)

1995        Apr 13, Bob Dornan became the seventh GOP presidential contender.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
1995        Apr 13, A federal appeals court opened the way for Shannon Faulkner to become the first woman to undergo military training at The Citadel.
    (AP, 4/13/00)

1995        Apr 14, The UN Security Council (Resolution 986) gave permission to Iraq, still under sanctions for its invasion of Kuwait, to sell $2 billion dollars' worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other supplies. Iraq later rejected the offer.
    (AP, 4/14/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1995        Apr 14, Actor-singer Burl Ives died in Anacortes, Wash., at age 85.
    (AP, 4/14/00)

1995        Apr 15, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton asked Congress to protect a short list of key legislation, saying he was giving the highest priority to welfare reform, targeted tax cuts and a crime bill preserving the assault weapons ban.
    (AP, 4/15/00)
1995        Apr 15, Norma Patricia Esparza, a Southern California college student, pointed out Gonzalo Ramirez (25) at a bar to her boyfriend Gianni Van and two others as the man who had recently raped her. Ramirez was then kidnapped and hacked to death. In 2014 Esparza pleaded guilty in exchange for a prison term. In 2015 Van was sentenced to life in prison without parole. In 2016 Esparza was sentenced to 6 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l9v2chg)(SFC, 7/16/16, p.A7)

1995        Apr 16, In his Easter Sunday message, Pope John Paul II sent a message of peace to victims of unrest, including the Palestinians and Kurds.
    (AP, 4/16/00)
1995        Apr 16, Cleo Brown (b.1909), boogie pianist, died in Denver, Colorado.

1995        Apr 17, President Clinton signed an executive order stripping the classified label from most national security documents that were at least 25 years old.
    (AP, 4/17/00)
1995        Apr 17, An Air Force jet exploded and crashed in a wooded area in eastern Alabama, killing eight people, including an assistant Air Force secretary and a two-star general.
    (AP, 4/17/00)

1995        Apr 18, Quarterback Joe Montana retired from professional football.
    (AP, 4/18/00)
1995        Apr 18, President Clinton held a prime-time news conference in which he said he was satisfied that he remained relevant in a Republican-dominated capital, and challenged Congress to send him an acceptable welfare bill by July 4.
    (AP, 4/18/00)
1995        Apr 18, The Houston Post closed after 116 years.
    (AP, 4/18/00)

1995        Apr 19, At 9:02 A.M. Oklahoma City, USA, a large car bomb exploded at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building killing 168 people, and injuring 500 including many children in the building’s day care center. Within a week a suspect, Timothy McVeigh, was caught and charged. Two suspects, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, faced trial. McVeigh was arrested during a routine traffic stop 78 miles from Oklahoma City on weapons charges the same day. Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, were later convicted of charges related to the bombing. Michael Fortier, a key government witness and friend of Nichols and McVeigh, was sentenced to 12 years in prison in 1998 for failing to warn authorities, lying to the FBI, transporting stolen weapons and conspiring to fence stolen weapons. In 1999 Fortier's sentence was overturned and a more lenient sentence was ordered under manslaughter guidelines. In Oct a new 12-year sentence was issued. McVeigh was later convicted of federal murder charges and executed.
    (NPR, 4/19/95)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A2)(SFC, 5/28/98, p.A3)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A7)(AP, 4/19/06)
1995        Apr 19, J. Peter Grace Jr. (81), CEO (W R Grace), died.
1995         Apr 19, In Spain a failed ETA car-bomb attempted to kill conservative opposition leader and future Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
1995        Apr 19, In Sri Lanka the Tigers broke the truce and blew up 2 navy boats and killed 12 sailors in the port of Trincomalee.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Apr 20, In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing, the FBI announced it was looking for two men suspected of renting the truck used to carry the explosive; rescue teams suspended the search for survivors so that the remaining structure of the Alfred P. Murrah Building could be shored up.
    (AP, 4/20/00)

1995        Apr 21, The FBI arrested former soldier Timothy McVeigh at an Oklahoma jail where he had spent two days on minor traffic and weapons charges; he was charged in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing two days earlier in which over 200 people were killed by a truck bomb that exploded in front of a Federal building.
    (AP, 4/21/00)(HN, 4/21/99)

1995        Apr 22, Jane Kenyon (47), poet, died in New Hampshire. In 1996 William Bolcom premiered a song cycle, Briefly It Enters, based on 9 of her poems in Ann Arbor, Mich. In 2005 Joyce Peseroff edited “Simply Lasting: Writers on Jane Kenyon."
    (SFC, 10/17/96, E1)(www.poems.com/halinter.htm)
1995        Apr 22, Maggie Kuhn (89), activist (Gray Panthers), died at her home in Pennsylvania.
1995        Apr 22, In Africa, Rwandan government troops killed thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho. The Tutsi-led government troops cleared a huge refugee camp that they said was full of Hutu extremists. Human rights officials said that at least 4,000 Hutus were killed, many shot, and many trampled. Tutsi officers involved received only token punishments.
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.C3)(HN, 4/22/99)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A6)

1995        Apr 23, Pres. Clinton declared a national day of mourning for the victims of the Oklahoma City blast.
    (AP, 4/23/00)
1995        Apr 23, Sportscaster Howard Cosell died in New York at age 77. In 2011 Mark Ribowsky authored “Howard Cosell: The Man, the Myth, and the Transformation of American Sports."
    (AP, 4/23/00)(SSFC, 12/11/11, p.F1)
1995        Apr 23, Former Sen. John C. Stennis (D-Miss.) died in Jackson, Miss., at age 93.
    (AP, 4/23/00)
1995        Apr 23, Hideo Murai, head of the science ministry of the Aum Shinri Kyo cult, was stabbed and killed. Police suspected that a cult leader ordered his murder so that he would not testify about Aum’s nerve gas production.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A8)

1995        Apr 24, Dow Jones Index hit a record 4303.98.
1995        Apr 24, California Forestry Assoc. Pres. Gilbert P. Murray, 47, was killed by a mail bomb at his headquarters in Sacramento. The bomb was attributed to the Unabomber. Gilbert B. Murray, chief lobbyist for the wood products industry, was killed by a package bomb linked to the Unabomber. Theodore Kaczynski was later sentenced to four lifetimes in prison for a series of bombings that killed three men and injured 29 others.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-2)(AP, 4/24/05)

1995        Apr 25, Show business legend Ginger Rogers died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 83.
    (AP, 4/25/00)

1995        Apr 26, The US Supreme Court led by Chief Justice William Rehnquist overturned a federal law banning gun possession near schools on the grounds that it was beyond the scope of congress power to regulate interstate commerce.
    (SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6zlv6)
1995        Apr 26, One week after the Oklahoma City bombing, Americans observed a minute of silence in honor of the victims.
    (AP, 4/26/00)

1995        Apr 27, Former Orange County, Calif., Treasurer Robert Citron pleaded guilty to six counts of defrauding investors in the county investment pool.
    (AP, 4/27/00)
1995        Apr 27, Willem Frederik Hermans (b.1921), Dutch author, died. His 1966 novel “Beyond Sleep" was considered to be one of the founding works of modern Dutch literature. In 2007 an English translation became available.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)(http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willem_Frederik_Hermans)

1995        Apr 28, In Taegu, South Korea, a gas line exploded in the middle of an intersection crowded with morning traffic, killing 101 people.
    (AP, 4/28/00)
1995        Apr 28-1995 Apr 29, In Sri Lanka Tigers used anti-aircraft missiles for the first time and downed 2 air force transport planes that killed 90 people.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Apr 29, 10 days after the blast, rescue workers in Oklahoma City continued the grim task of searching for bodies and pulling debris from the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, where 168 people died.
    (AP, 4/29/00)

1995        Apr 30, President Clinton announced he would end U.S. trade and investment with Iran, denouncing the Tehran government as "inspiration and paymaster to terrorists."
    (AP, 4/30/00)
1995        Apr 30, Federated merged the A&S (Abraham & Straus) stores into Macy's, Bloomingdale's and Stern's.
1995        Apr 30, More than 10,000 soldiers, students and children in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, celebrated the 20th anniversary of the end of the war.
    (AP, 4/30/00)

1995        Apr, Don Grolnick (1948-1996), pianist, songwriter and producer, was musical director for the Rainforest Foundation concert at Carnegie Hall. An album by his Latin jazz group, Medianoche, was to be released in 8/96.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A19)
1995        Apr, Aurora Castillo (d.1998 at 84) was one of the winners of the Goldman Environmental Prize for her work in East Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A21)
1995        Apr, In Bosnia the intelligence cell of Gen. Smith determined that Mladic was preparing for a major push to seize the 3 eastern safe areas: Srebrenica, Zepa and Gorazde.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995        Apr, Seventeen lawmakers from the Belarussian Peoples Front (BNF), who refused to leave the parliament in protest of Lukashenko’s call to dump the red and white flag, were beat up by police and dragged out.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A14)
1995        Apr, In northern China Nie Shubin was executed after he was found guilty of raping and killing a woman in the city of Shijiazhuang, Hebei province. On Dec 2, 2016, China’s Supreme People’s Court reversed its decision and exonerated Nie.
    (CSM, 12/2/16)
1995        Apr, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf rebels raided the market town of Ipil. The looted banks, seized dozens of "human shields," and executed 54 villagers.
    (WSJ, 9/25/01, p.A12)
1995        Apr, Uganda broke off ties with Sudan.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A10)
1995        Apr, In Zaire the parliament passed a resolution that prevented refugees from Rwanda and Burundi from obtaining Zairean citizenship.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)

1995        May 1, President Clinton defended his choice for surgeon general, Henry Foster, as a "pro-life, pro-choice doctor."
    (AP, 5/1/00)
1995        May 1, Charges that Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, had plotted to murder Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan were dropped as jury selection for her trial was about to begin in Minneapolis.
    (AP, 5/1/00)
1995        May 1, The Croatian army captured the Serb enclave of Western Slavonia in its first major bid to retake territories occupied in 1991. In reply the Krajina Serbs launched a rocket attack on Zagreb, the Croatian capital. Milan Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, ordered the shelling of Zagreb. Martic surrendered to the UN war crimes tribunal in 2002.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(SFC, 5/8/02, p.A17)
1995        May 1, In France Brahim Bouarram (29), a father of two, was thrown into the Seine by a group of skinheads leaving a May Day rally held nearby in Paris by Nation al Front Party leader Jean-Marie Le Pen.
    (Reuters, 5/1/17)

1995        May 2, President Clinton agreed to allow some 20,000 Cubans into the United States after months of detention at Guantanamo Bay, but said any more Cubans who fled their country would be forcibly repatriated.
    (AP, 5/2/00)
1995        May 2, A new scientific theory predicted an earthquake for the Central Valley of California to occur by July 9. It was estimated to be about 6.0 in magnitude but did not happen.
    (local newspaper San Luis Obispo, Ca.)
1995        May 2, Serb missiles exploded in the heart of Zagreb, killing six.

1995        May 3, The US government reported that its Index of Leading Economic Indicators dropped half a percentage point in March 1995, its biggest tumble in two years. 
    (AP, 5/3/00)

1995        May 4, India launched the fourth ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota, successfully placing the SROSS-C2 satellite in orbit.
1995        May 4, An Iranian nuclear official said spent fuel from Iran's Russian-made reactors, potential raw material for nuclear bombs, would be returned to Russia for safeguarding.
    (AP, 5/4/00)

1995        May 5, As rescue workers ended their search for bodies in the Oklahoma City bombing, President Clinton denounced self-styled anti-government militias, saying, "How dare you call yourselves patriots and heroes."
    (AP, 5/5/00)
1995        May 5, Talks collapsed between the United States and Japan on averting a trade fight over automobiles.
    (AP, 5/5/00)
1995        May 5, Thunderstorms began tearing through North Texas, claiming two dozen lives.
    (AP, 5/5/00)
1995        May 5, Over 100,000 Ghanaians demonstrated in the streets of Accra for the repeal of an 18% value-added tax. 4 people were killed from gunfire by government hired thugs.
    (WSJ, 1/04/00, p.A18)

1995        May 6, Long-shot Thunder Gulch, ridden by Gary Stevens, won the 121st Kentucky Derby.
    (AP, 5/6/00)(WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A16)
1995        May 6, Friends and relatives of the Oklahoma City bombing victims made a pilgrimage to the site of the attack.
    (AP, 5/6/00)
1995        May 6, In London, thousands of World War II veterans celebrated the 50th anniversary of V-E Day.
    (AP, 5/6/00)

1995        May 7, Jacques Chirac, the conservative mayor of Paris, won France's presidency in his third attempt, defeating Lionel Jospin in a runoff to end 14 years of Socialist rule.
    (AP, 5/7/00)
1995        May 7, Leaders of 54 nations that fought on both sides in World War II signed olive leaves in London in a ceremony of reconciliation.
    (AP, 5/7/00)

1995        May 8, Helmut Oberlander (b.1924), a former Nazi decorated for service in a death squad that executed 91,678 people in southern Russia, was extradited to Canada from Florida.
    (SSFC, 4/4/10, Par. p.5)(www.justice.gov/opa/pr/Pre_96/May95/261.txt.html)
1995        May 8, A monster storm began dumping 18 inches of rain on southeast Louisiana, flooding homes and killing five people.
    (AP, 5/8/00)

1995        May 8, Fifty years after Nazi Germany's capitulation in World War II, leaders representing the victorious powers gathered in Berlin to remember the dead and pledge peace for the future.
    (AP, 5/8/00)

1995        May 9, President Clinton arrived in Moscow for a summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
    (AP, 5/9/00)
1995        May 9, The United States returned 13 Cuban boat people to their homeland, the first to be sent back under a new policy bitterly protested by Cuban-Americans.
    (AP, 5/9/00)
1995        May 9, Kinshasa, capital of Zaire, was placed under quarantine after an outbreak of the Ebola virus.
    (AP, 5/9/00)

1995        May 10, Terry Nichols was charged in the Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 5/10/00)
1995        May 10, Former President Bush’s office released his letter of resignation from the National Rifle Association in which Bush expressed outrage over its reference to federal agents as "jack-booted government thugs."
    (AP, 5/10/00)
1995        May 10, Britain lifted a 23-year ban on ministerial talks with Sinn Fein, the political wing of the Irish Republican Army.
1995        May 10, One-hundred-four miners were killed in an elevator accident in Orkney, South Africa.
    (AP, 5/10/00)

1995        May 11, A United Nations conference indefinitely extended the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which was originally set to expire after 25 years. The 5 nuclear nations agreed this year that steps toward disarmament should not have to await universal disarmament.
    (AP, 5/11/00)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.21)

1995        May 12, President Clinton, during a stopover in Ukraine, visited Babi Yar, where the Nazis massacred more than 30,000 Kiev Jews in 1941.
    (AP, 5/12/00)

1995        May 13, Army Capt. Lawrence Rockwood was convicted at his court-martial in Fort Drum, N.Y., of conducting an unauthorized investigation of reported human rights abuses at a Haitian prison. Rockwood was dismissed from the military the next day.
    (AP, 5/13/05)

1995        May 14, Myrlie Evers-Williams was sworn in to head the NAACP, pledging to lead the civil rights group away from its recent troubles and restore it as a political and social force.
    (AP, 5/14/00)
1995        May 14, In New Jersey Nicholas Connors, the husband of Dolores Morgan, was found dead on a sofa at his home in Long Branch, with multiple gunshot wounds to his head.  In 2020 Dolores Morgan (66) and her son Ted Connors (47), both of Delray Beach, Florida, were indicted for the Connors' killing. Prosecutors alleged that Ted Connors carried out the murders with his best friend, Jose Carrero, who admitted to conspiring with the mother and son in the killing.
    (NBC News, 2/27/20)
1995        May 14, Argentina's Carlos Menem was re-elected to a 4-year term.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Menem)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)
1995        May 14, The 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, Gedhun Choikyi Nyima, was announced by the exiled Dalai Lama. Gedhun Choekyi (5) disappeared days after his designation. Six months later China declared Gyaincain Norbu (Gyaltsen Norbu) (5) as the 11th Panchen Lama.
    (SFC, 5/8/97, p.C2)(SFC, 6/19/99, p.A11)(SFC, 8/12/11, p.A2)

1995        May 15, Dow Corning Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, citing potentially astronomical expenses from liability lawsuits.
    (AP, 5/15/00)

1995        May 16, The Clinton administration threatened punitive tariffs that would double the prices for Japan's most popular luxury cars.
    (AP, 5/16/00)
1995        May 16, Some $10 million worth of computer microprocessors were stolen from Centon, a chip firm in Irvine, Ca. The massive "Bytes Dust" task force investigation resulted in the 2000 racketeering trial of the 4 men who masterminded the heist. Mady Chan, Hoang Ai Le, John That Luong and Hui Chi Luong were found guilty. 15 more defendants of "The Company" awaited trial. In 2001 John That Luong was sentenced to 88 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/1/00, p.A26)(SFC, 6/23/00, p.A14)(SFC, 8/14/01, p.C4)
1995        May 16, Aum Shinri Kyo cult leader Shoko Asahara was found hiding in a secret room at a cult compound in Kamikuishiki and arrested. A letter bomb exploded in Tokyo’s city hall and injured an aid of the governor who had advocated withdrawing Aum’s religious permit. His teachings declared that he was Christ, that meditation was required for enlightenment, and that Armageddon is imminent.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A8)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A9)(SFC, 9/29/97, p.A13)

1995        May 17, The US Senate ethics committee concluded that Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.) had to face a full-scale Senate investigation of charges that included making improper advances toward women.
    (AP, 5/17/00)
1995        May 17, Gedhun Choekyi (6) was taken from Tibet along with his parents just days after his designation as the 11th reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.
    (Econ., 5/16/20, p.34)
1995        May 17, Jacques Chirac was sworn in as president of France, ending the 14-year tenure of Socialist Francois Mitterrand.
    (AP, 5/17/00)

1995        May 18, Triumphant US Republicans pushed a historic budget through the House that they said would wring an unprecedented $1.4 trillion in savings from federal budgets over the next seven years.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1995        May 18, Elisha Cook Jr. (91), actor (Maltese Falcon, Shane), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1995        May 18, Alexander Godunov (45), ballet dancer, was found dead.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1995        May 18, Robert Harris (95), English actor (Werewolf of London), died.
1995        May 18, Elizabeth Montgomery (62), actress (Bewitched), died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1995        May 18, Gordon Reynolds (74), musician, died.

1995        May 19, The Senate voted 99-0 to reject President Clinton's spending blueprint.
    (AP, 5/19/00)
1995        May 19, NASA's administrator unveiled plans to slash thousands of aerospace jobs and to overhaul virtually every part of the agency.
    (AP, 5/19/00)
1995        May 19, AMC Entertainment Inc. opened the 1st multi-theater film megaplex, the Grand 24, in Dallas, Texas.
    (SFC, 5/19/05, p.C3)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.B1)
1995        May 19, The world's youngest doctor in the world came to be as India-born Balamurali Ambati at 17 graduated from Mount Sinai Medical School.

1995        May 20, Timber Country won the Preakness at Pimlico.
    (AP, 5/20/00)
1995        May 20, President Clinton announced that the two-block stretch of Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the White House would be permanently closed to motor vehicles as a security measure.
    (AP, 5/20/00)
1995        May 20, CBS News fired co-anchor Connie Chung.

1995        May 21, Les Aspin (56), former US Secretary of Defense, died at a Washington D.C. hospital after suffering a massive stroke.
    (AP, 5/21/00)
1995        May 21, Larry Lee Hillblom, co-founder and majority shareholder of DHL Corp., disappeared into the Pacific Ocean in his World War II vintage seaplane. He was conservatively valued at 500 million and willed most of his estate to a charitable trust for medical research. $240 million was set aside for medical research at UCSF. He named the Bank of Saipan as executor but left behind a number of illegitimate children in the Philippines and the Mariana Islands who are laying claim to his estate. In 1998 4 children won $90 million settlements each. Later it was learned that many of his personal effects in Saipan were buried to avoid DNA tests for paternity confirmation. In 2012 James D. Scurlock authored “The Life and Ruins of a Billionaire Genius."
    (WSJ, 5/15/96, p.A1,8)(SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/12/12, p.F7)

1995        May 22, The US State Dept. allowed Taiwan’s President Lee Teng-hui to visit his alma mater, Cornell University, to deliver a speech on "Taiwan's Democratization Experience". China condemned the US for "ruining" Sino-American relations.
1995        May 22, The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that states cannot limit service in Congress without amending the Constitution.
    (AP, 5/22/00)
1995        May 22, "The CBS Evening News" resumed a single-anchor format with Dan Rather, after Connie Chung was dropped from the broadcast.
    (AP, 5/22/00)

1995        May 23, Leland William Modjeski (37), a graduate student, was shot and wounded on the White House lawn after scaling a fence with an unloaded gun.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
1995        May 23, The nine-story hulk of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was demolished. That day, James Nichols, whose brother and a friend were charged in the Oklahoma bombing, was released from federal custody.
    (AP, 5/23/00)

1995        May 24, "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss was sentenced to three years in prison and fined $1,500 for running a call-girl ring that catered to the rich and famous.
1995        May 24, Gen. Janvier told the UN Security Council that the Bosnian government forces were sufficient to defend Srebrenica, that UN troops should be withdrawn and that NATO air power was not needed.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995        May 24, Harold Wilson (79), former British Prime Minister (1964-70, 74-76), died in London.
    (AP, 5/24/00)(MC, 5/24/02)

1995        May 25, NATO warplanes struck Bosnian Serb headquarters. Serbs answered with swift defiance, storming UN weapons depots, attacking safe areas and taking peacekeepers as hostages.
    (AP, 5/25/00)
1995        May 25, Dany Robin (68), French actress (Follow the Boys, Topaz, Julietta), died in a fire in her Paris apartment.
1995        May 25, Dick Curless (b.1932), singer, songwriter, died.

1995        May 26, In the tobacco industry’s largest recall ever, Philip Morris USA halted sales of several cigarette brands, including some versions of top-selling Marlboro, because some filters were contaminated.
    (AP, 5/26/00)
1995        May 26, Isadore "Friz" Freleng (b.1906), American cartoonist, died. Often credited as I. Freleng, the American animator, cartoonist, director, producer, and composer is known for his work at Warner Bros. Cartoons on the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons.
1995        May 26, Serbs bombarded Serajevo. On Jun 6 NATO launched 2 air raids against an ammunition dump in Serb-held central Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        May 27, Actor Christopher Reeve was left paralyzed when he was thrown from his horse during a jumping event in Charlottesville, Virginia.
    (AP, 5/27/00)
1995        May 27, In Bosnia General Mladić launched an assault against the UN observation point of the Vrbanja bridge. French soldiers Marcel Amaru and Jacky Humboldt were killed in the operation of liberating the Vrbanja Bridge under siege in Sarajevo. They became the symbol of the 84 French soldiers, who gave their lives for Bosnia.

1995        May 28, Harvard undergraduate Sinedu Tadesse of Ethiopia stabbed her college roommate, Trang Ho of Vietnam, 45 times and then hanged herself. In 1997 Melanie Thernstrom wrote: "Halfway Heaven, Diary of a Harvard Murder" an account of the incident with extensive background information.
    (WSJ, 8/26/97, p.A14)(SFEC,11/16/97, BR p.10)
1995        May 28, Bosnia’s foreign minister and three colleagues were killed when rebel Serbs shot down their helicopter.
    (AP, 5/28/00)
1995        May 28, An earthquake with a magnitude of seven-point-five devastated the Russian town of Neftegorsk, killing at least two-thousand people.
    (AP, 5/28/00)

1995        May 29, The last three bodies entombed in the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City were recovered.
    (AP, 5/29/00)
1995        May 29, Margaret Chase Smith (97), the first woman to serve in both the House and the Senate (R-ME), died in Skowhegan, Maine.
    (AP, 5/29/00)

1995        May 30, In a letter to UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic demanded guarantees of no further NATO air attacks and de facto recognition of a self-styled Serb state.
    (AP, 5/30/00)

1995        May 31, President Clinton declared he was ready to permit the temporary use of American ground forces in Bosnia to help UN peacekeepers move to safer positions if necessary.
    (AP, 5/31/00)
1995        May 31, Senator Bob Dole (Kansas) accused Hollywood of promoting violence, rape and casual sex in music and movies saying "the mainstreaming of deviancy must come to an end."
    (AP, 5/31/00)

1995        May, Borders bookstores held an IPO at $14.50 per share.
    (WSJ, 9/3/96, p.A6)
1995        May, In Dallas, Texas, the AMC Grand Cinema opened with 24 screens for moviegoers.
    (WSJ, 5/13/97, p.B1)
1995        May, Microsoft CEO Bill Gates wrote a memo titled "The Internet Tidal Wave," which rallied the company to compete with Netscapeby integrating web browsing into other products.
    (SSFC, 5/20/18, p.D1)
1995        May, In Chile the Ministry of Agriculture imposed a System of Appellation for the wine industry. New labels would correctly indicate a wine’s region of origin.
    (SFC, 1/8/96, zz-1 p.4)
1995        May, In China a pro-democracy peace charter was signed by 56 people to coincide with the 6th anniversary of student demonstrations. Former student leader Li Hai was detained after signing the peace charter.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C2)
1995        May, In Cuba Robert Lee Vesco was arrested on charges of marketing Trixolane, a cancer and arthritis drug, without the government’s knowledge.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.91)
1995        May, In Uganda Museveni won presidential elections in a landslide. The rebel group West Nile Bank Front began its campaign against Pres. Yoweri Museveni. Uganda’s population at this time stood at about 15 million.
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 7/2/96, p.A10)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.58)

1995        Jun 1, President Clinton visited Billings, Montana, where he met with farmers and presided over a televised town hall meeting.
    (AP, 6/1/00)
1995         Jun 1, The US Postal Service issued a 32 cent stamp honoring the late Marilyn Monroe.
1995        Jun 1, James Wolfensohn, Australian-born financier, took over as head of the World Bank. He served 2 5-year terms. In 2004 Sebastian Mallaby authored “The World’s Banker," a view of how the world Bank fared under Wolfensohn.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)(www.worldbank.org)(SFC, 1/3/05, p.A3)

1995        Jun 2, A US Air Force F-16C was shot down by a Bosnian Serb surface-to-air missile while on a NATO air patrol in northern Bosnia; the pilot, Captain Scott F. O’Grady, was rescued six days later.
    (AP, 6/2/00)

1995        Jun 3, Bosnian Serb officials made contradictory statements about the whereabouts of an American pilot, a day after his Air Force jet was shot down. Bosnian Serb military sources claimed that the pilot, later identified as Captain Scott F. O’Grady, was in Bosnian Serb hands—a claim that proved false.
    (AP, 6/3/00)
1995        Jun 3, In Bosnia Mladic forces seized a Dutch observation post.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995        Jun 3, Jean-Patrick Manchette (b.1942), French novelist, died. His 11 novels included the "Three to Kill," (1976).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Patrick_Manchette)(Econ., 9/5/20, p.74)

1995        Jun 4, At the Tony Awards, "Sunset Boulevard" won best Broadway musical. "Love! Valour! Compassion!" by Terrence McNally was chosen best play.
    (AP, 6/4/00)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.E1)
1995        Jun 4, Sophie Winter (34), actress (She's a Good Fighter), died from a misdiagnosed extopic pregnancy.
1995        Jun 4, French General Bernard Janvier, supreme UN military commander in the former Yugoslavia, met with Bosnian Serb military commander, Ratko Mladic. He pleaded for the release of UN captives and offered to halt future NATO air attacks. Shortly after Yasushi Akashi publicly affirmed that the UN would abide by peacekeeping principles - shorthand for no more air attacks.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)
1995        Jun 4, In Sri Lanka the Tigers blew up a ship chartered by the Int’l. Committee of the Red Cross.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Jun 5, Ron Kirk began serving as the first black mayor of Dallas, Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Kirk)(SFC, 10/10/14, p.D5)
1995        Jun 5, "Allison," a minimal hurricane, buffeted the Gulf Coast with 75 mile-per-hour winds, swamping streets and spinning off tornadoes but causing no major damage.
    (AP, 6/5/00)
1995        Jun 5, Trevor Dupuy, founder of the Dupuy Institute, died. His Washington DC military think-tank developed software called Tactical Numerical Deterministic Model that forecast surprisingly accurate casualty figures for the 1991 Gulf War.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, TQp.22)(www.dupuyinstitute.org/tndupuy.htm)

1995        Jun 6, US astronaut Norman Thagard broke NASA’s space endurance record of 84 days, one hour and 16 minutes, aboard the Russian space station "Mir."
    (AP, 6/6/00)
1995        Jun 6, NATO launched 2 air raids against an ammunition dump in Serb-held central Bosnia. Serb forces then seized 270 UN peacekeepers, shackled them to potential targets, and ordered them to plead on camera for the NATO air attacks to stop.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A10)

1995        Jun 7, President Clinton vetoed his first bill, striking down a Republican plan to cut $16.4 billion in spending.
    (AP, 6/7/00)
1995        Jun 7, The maiden flight of the new Boeing 777 was made from London to Washington.
    (WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A12)
1995        Jun 7, Two buses carrying 108 UN peacekeepers freed by the Bosnian Serbs crossed into Serbia.
    (AP, 6/7/00)

1995        Jun 8, US Marines rescued U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady, whose F-16C fighter jet had been shot down by Bosnian Serbs on June second.
    (AP, 6/8/00)
1995        Jun 8, Mickey Mantle received a liver transplant at a Dallas hospital; however, the baseball great succumbed to disease two months later.
    (AP, 6/8/00)(HN, 6/8/99)

1995        Jun 9, One week after being shot down over Bosnia by a Bosnian Serb missile, and a day after being rescued, US Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady was warmly welcomed by his comrades at Aviano Air Base in Italy.
    (AP, 6/9/00)
1995        Jun 9, UN representative Akashi summoned Gens. Janvier and Smith to resolve their differences over military policies in Bosnia. Shortly after Yasushi Akashi publicly affirmed that the UN would abide by peacekeeping principles - shorthand for no more air attacks.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A10,12)

1995        Jun 10, US Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia, described his six-day ordeal at a news conference at Aviano Air Base in Italy, saying he was no Rambo and no hero.
    (AP, 6/10/00)
1995        Jun 10, "Thunder Gulch" won the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/10/00)

1995        Jun 11, In an unprecedented joint appearance, President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich sparred politely over Medicare and other issues before an audience of senior citizens in Claremont, New Hampshire.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1995        Jun 11, A bomb exploded at an outdoor music festival in Medellin, Colombia, spraying shrapnel that killed at least 28 people and wounded more than 200 others.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1995        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court dealt a potentially crippling blow to federal affirmative action programs, ruling Congress was limited by the same strict standards as states in offering special help to minorities.
    (AP, 6/12/00)
1995        Jun 12, Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia, was treated to lunch at the White House and a hero’s welcome at the Pentagon.
    (AP, 6/12/00)

1995        Jun 13, President Clinton proposed a ten-year plan for balancing the federal budget, saying in a televised address his proposal would cut spending by $1.1 trillion.
    (AP, 6/13/00)
1995        Jun 13, France announced it would abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct eight more tests between September and May.
    (AP, 6/13/00)

1995        Jun 14, Stephen Yokich was elected president of the United Auto Workers at the union’s triennial convention in Anaheim, California.
    (AP, 6/14/00)
1995        Jun 14, Shamil Basayev, Chechen commander, led a hostage raid on a Russian hospital in Budyonnovsk [Budennovsk]. Chechen rebels took some 1,500 people hostage in a hospital in Russia. After a 4-day standoff Sergei Stepashin ordered troops to storm the hospital and the rebels escaped with some 100 hostages. Some 100-150 people were killed in the fighting.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A8)(HN, 6/14/98)(SFC, 5/13/99, p.A16)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.A11)

1995        Jun 15, The Summit of 7 leading industrialist nations, G-7, met in Halifax, Canada, for talks on a unified front against terrorism. President Clinton met with Japanese PM Tomiichi Murayama on the opening day of a Group of Seven summit in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    (AP, 6/15/00)(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A16)
1995        Jun 15, At the O.J. Simpson murder trial, Simpson struggled to don a pair of gloves that prosecutors said were worn the night Simpson’s ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, were murdered.
    (AP, 6/15/00)

1995        Jun 16, Salt Lake City was awarded the XIX Winter Olympic Games for 2002. A scandal later developed over pay-offs.
    (AP, 6/16/00)
1995        Jun 16, Bosnian government forces aided by Bosnian Croats unleashed a major offensive in hopes of breaking the Serb stranglehold on Sarajevo.
    (AP, 6/16/00)

1995        Jun 17, Russian commandos stormed a hospital where Chechen rebels were holding more than 1,000 hostages, but the Chechens beat the Russians back.
    (AP, 6/17/00)

1995        Jun 18, About 300 inmates trashed an immigration detention center in Elizabeth, New Jersey.
    (AP, 6/18/00)
1995        Jun 18, A private plane carrying the Angolan soccer team crashed in Luanda, Angola, killing 48 people.
    (AP, 6/18/00)   
1995        Jun 18, The Bosnian Serbs announced the resumption of cooperation with the UN. Serbs released the last 26 UN hostages held since NATO airstrikes. A planned NATO air strike was vetoed.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(www.washington-report.org/backissues/0995/9509111.htm)(AP, 6/18/00)

1995        Jun 19, The Richmond, Virginia, Planning Commission approved plans to place a memorial statue of tennis professional Arthur Ashe.
    (HN, 6/19/00)
1995        Jun 19, Jennifer Lea Evans (21), a vacationing college student, was killed outside a Virginia Beach nightclub. Navy SEAL trainees Dustin Turner and his best friend, Billy Joe Brown, were convicted for the same crime. When they were arrested, each man accused the other of being the killer. In 2009 Brown said he killed Evans with no help from Turner. Brown said he wanted to tell the truth after almost 13 years because he had found religion in prison. A court soon overturned the convictions against Turner (33).
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.A4)(http://freedusty.com/Story/Dusty_Story.html)
1995        Jun 20, US Air Force Captain Jim Wang, a radar officer, was cleared of wrongdoing in a friendly fire attack on 2 US helicopters over northern Iraq in 1994 that resulted in 26 deaths.
    (AP, 6/20/00)
1995        Jun 19, Murray Dickie (b.1924), opera singer, director, died.
1995        Jun 19, Chechen rebels and more than 100 human shields rode a convoy of buses back to Chechnya following the end of a hostage drama at a Russian hospital.
    (AP, 6/19/00)
1995        Jun 19, Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu was detained as he tried to enter China; he was jailed for 66 days before being expelled. 
    (AP, 6/19/00)(SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.3)

1995        Jun 20-1995 Jun 21, The Mount Zion AME Church in Greeleyville, S.C., was destroyed by fire. On the next day the Macedonia Baptist Church in Bloomville was burned. In 1996 two KKK members, Gary Cox and Timothy Welch, were charged in federal court for setting the fires. They pleaded guilty on 8/14/96. Former Klansmen Hubert Rowell and Arthur Haley pleaded guilty to 4 counts of conspiracy in the fires in Dec 1996. In 1998 the Christian Knights of KKK and Horace King, Grand Dragon of South Carolina, were ordered to pay $37.8 million in damages for the burning of the Macedonia Baptist church.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A6)(SFC, 8/15/96, p.A4)(SFC, 12/10/96, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)

1995        Jun 21, Dr. Henry Foster lost a crucial Senate vote in his bid to become surgeon general as only 57 senators voted to cut off debate, three short of the 60 needed. One last vote the next day also fell short.
    (HN, 6/21/98)(AP, 6/21/00)
1995        Jun 21, Larry Griffin was executed in Missouri for the murder of Quintin Moss (19). Griffin asserted his innocence until he died. In 2005 the case was re-opened.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.31)

1995        Jun 22, US House and Senate Republicans announced agreement on a compromise seven-year budget-balancing plan that would cut taxes by $245 billion and slow spending for Medicare, Medicaid and dozens of other programs.
    (AP, 6/22/00)
1995        Jun 22, Riot police stormed a hijacked jumbo jet in Hakodate, Japan, freeing all 364 people on board and capturing a lone hijacker.
    (AP, 6/22/00)
1995        Jun 22, Nigeria’s former military ruler Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo and his chief deputy were charged with conspiracy to overthrow Gen. Sami Abacha’s military government.
    (HN, 6/22/00)

1995        Jun 23, Dr. Jonas Salk (b.1914), the medical pioneer who developed the first vaccine to halt the crippling rampage of polio, died in La Jolla, California, at age 80. In 2015 Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs authored “Jonas Salk: A Life."
    (AP, 6/23/00)(Econ, 6/27/15, p.72)
1995        Jun 23, In Mexico Hector "El Guero" Palma, reputed head of the Sinaloa drug cartel, was arrested after his plane crashed near Guadalajara. He faced 9 counts of murder for the killing of 9 relatives and associates of his rival Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo. Gallardo had earlier decapitated Palma’s first wife and arranged the murder of his 2 children.
    (SFC, 7/18/97, p.A11)

1995        Jun 24, The New Jersey Devils won the Stanley Cup as they completed a sweep of the Detroit Red Wings.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1995        Jun 24, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton blamed the failed nomination of Dr. Henry Foster to be surgeon general on right-wing extremists who, he said, would "stop at nothing" to outlaw abortion.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1995        Jun 24, Nelson Mandela, wearing a Springbok rugby shirt and baseball cap, presented the William Webb Ellis Cup to South African captain Francois Pienaar following the Springbok win over New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup. This was the first Rugby World Cup in which every match was held in one country. In 2008 John Carlin authored "Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Rugby_World_Cup)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.92)

1995        Jun 25, Warren E. Burger, the 15th chief justice of the United States (1969-86), died in Washington, D.C., of congestive heart failure at age 87.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1995        Jun 26, President Clinton observed the 50th anniversary of the United Nations at the site of its birth in San Francisco.
    (AP, 6/26/00)
1995        Jun 26, The Supreme Court ruled, 6-to-3, that public schools can require drug tests for its athletes.
    (AP, 6/26/00)
1995        Jun 26, In San Francisco a demonstration occurred on behalf of Abu-Jamal, convicted in the 1981 killing of a Philadelphia police officer. Police arrested 279 demonstrators. In 1996 34 of the demonstrators won small claim settlements of $1,000 each for lack of probable cause in the felony-arson arrests where 2 trash bins and a couch were set on fire.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A13,16)
1995        Jun 26, In southern Virginia Jason Callahan (19) of Myrtle Beach, SC, was killed in a car crash that left his body unidentifiable. In 2015 DNA evidence confirmed his identity.
1995        Jun 26, Egypt’s Pres. Mubarak escaped unharmed after his motorcade comes under fire during a trip to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, en route to an African summit. One of at least four attempts on his life.
    (AP, 7/9/04)(SFC, 2/12/11, p.A4)
1995        Jun 26, In Ethiopia Egyptian Pres. Hosni Mubarek was attacked on his way to the Organization of African Unity summit. An Ethiopian court sentenced 3 Egyptian men to death in 1996 for the attack.
    (SFC, 9/21/96, p.A10)

1995        Jun 27, The space shuttle "Atlantis" blasted off on a historic flight to link up with Russia’s space station "Mir" and bring home American astronaut Norman Thagard.
    (AP, 6/27/00)
1995        Jun 27, The San Francisco Chronicle received a message from the Unabomber threatening to blow up a plane by the July Fourth weekend. The Unabomber later called the threat a prank.
    (AP, 6/27/00)

1995        Jun 28, The US House overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment to protect the American flag from desecration. However, the amendment was defeated in the Senate.
    (AP, 6/28/00)
1995        Jun 28, Webster Hubbell, the former number-three official at the Justice Department, was sentenced to 21 months in prison for bilking clients of the law firm where he and Hillary Rodham Clinton were partners.
    (AP, 6/28/00)
1995        Jun 28, The New York Times received the Unabomber manifesto.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)
1995        June 28, Mexican police fired on a group of peasants at Agua Blancas in Guerrero. An edited video aired nationally showed that the peasants were armed, but raw video later showed police shooting unarmed peasants, who were than filmed with planted weapons on their corpses. 17 peasants from the leftist Southern Sierra Campesino Organization were killed and 23 others wounded. In 1996 Virgilia Galeana Garcia testified that Gen. Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro was at the scene of the massacre.
    (SFC, 4/28/96, A-16)(SFC, 6/15/96, p.C12)(SFC, 9/2/00, p.A14)

1995        Jun 29, Actress Lana Turner died in Century City, California, at age 74.
    (AP, 6/29/00)
1995        Jun 29, The shuttle "Atlantis" and the space station "Mir" docked in orbit.
    (AP, 6/29/00)
1995        Jun 29, A department store in Seoul, South Korea, collapsed, killing at least 500 people.
    (AP, 6/29/00)
1995        Jun 29, Sri Lanka, 12-year old civil war continued. Nearly 150 people were killed in the bloodiest day of the war when insurgents stormed Mandaitivu island, not far from the rebel held  Jaffna Peninsula.
    (WSJ, 6/29/95, p.A1)

1995        Jun 30,  President Clinton, speaking in Chicago, proposed an even tighter ban on armor-piercing handgun ammunition known as "cop-killer" bullets.
    (AP, 6/30/00)
1995        Jun 30, US vice pres. Al Gore signed a secret agreement with Viktor Chernomyrdin, prime minister of Russia, that called for an end to Russian sales of conventional weapons to Iran by the end of 1999.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A14)
1995        Jun 30, In a Greensburg, Indiana, a mobile home fire killed the 3-year-old son of Kristine Bunch. She was arrested in 1996, accused of setting the fire and was sentenced to 60 years in prison. In 2012 she was released following 16 years behind bars for a murder she said all along she didn't commit. The Indiana Court of Appeals had ordered the local court to allow Bunch's release on bond while she awaits a second trial.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)(http://tinyurl.com/95nz9nz)
1995        Jun 30,  Gale Gordon (89), comic actor, died in Escondido, California.
    (AP, 6/30/00)(www.radiohof.org/comedy/galegordon.html)
1995        Jun 30, In a stunning Kremlin purge, Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired three top security ministers for the botched handling of a bloody hostage-taking by Chechen rebels in southern Russia.
    (AP, 6/30/00)

1995        Jun, In the US "Batman Forever" with Tommy Lee Jones grossed a record $52.8 million in its opening weekend.
    (SFC, 5/13/96, p.D-2)
1995        Jun, In San Francisco Episcopal bishop William Swing sponsored an Interfaith Youth Conference and publicly announced the United Religions Initiative at the UN’s 50th anniversary worship service.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, Z1 p.3)
1995        Jun, Kent Weeks, archeologist at the American Univ. in Cairo, Egypt, was the leader of a team that discovered the largest tomb in the Valley of the Kings. It was a multilevel family mausoleum believed to be the burial place for the 48 sons of Ramses II.
    (G&M, 2/2/96, p.A22)(SFC, 8/5/96, p.A10)
1995        Jun, In Qatar Sheik Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani (b.1952) ousted his father, Sheik Khalifa Bin Hamad al-Thani, as emir. Sheik Khalifa is suspected of having made off with $4 billion in the form of unpaid personal loans. The new Emir soon abolished the information ministry that controlled newspapers and broadcasting. Sheik Hamad also gave women the right to vote and introduced satellite television.
    (WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-1)(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A21)(SFC, 6/19/00, p.A5)(WSJ, 10/24/02, p.A12)
1995        Jun, South Africa’s Constitutional Court abolished the death penalty.
    (SFC, 4/23/97, p.A4)

1995        Jul 1, "Kiss of the Spider Woman" closed at Broadhurst in NYC after 904 performances.
1995        Jul 1, Wolfman Jack (57), rock-and-roll disc jockey, died in Belvidere, North Carolina.
    (AP, 7/1/00)
1995        Jul 1, Russian President Boris Yeltsin’s government survived a critical no-confidence vote.
    (AP, 7/1/00)

1995        Jul 1-Aug 15, In Iraq Shiite political prisoners held at Abu Ghraib were transported to Unit 2100 at Al Haditha. It was suspected that the prisoners were used for testing biological agents.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)

1995        Jul 2, In Denver, representatives of 34 countries ended an economic summit by endorsing an open-market zone throughout the Western Hemisphere—excluding Cuba.
    (AP, 7/2/00)(www.sice.oas.org/tunit/SGspeech.asp)y

1995        Jul 3, Irish Republican Army sympathizers rioted in Northern Ireland’s two largest cities in outrage over the early parole of a British soldier convicted of killing a Roman Catholic woman.
    (AP, 7/3/00)
1995            Jul 3, Richard "Pancho" Gonzalez (b.1928), tennis great, died of stomach cancer in Las Vegas, Nevada.

1995        Jul 4, The space shuttle "Atlantis" and the Russian space station "Mir" parted after spending five days in orbit docked together.
    (AP, 7/4/00)
1995        Jul 4, Actress Eva Gabor (b.1919), Hungarian-born actress, died in Los Angeles, Ca., of respiratory failure due to complications of food poisoning.
1995        Jul 4, British Prime Minister John Major won re-election as Conservative Party leader.
    (AP, 7/4/00)
1995        Jul 4, President Boris Yeltsin announced that Russian troops would be permanently stationed in Chechnya.
    (AP, 7/4/00)

1995        Jul 5, More than 100 Grateful Dead fans were injured when a deck on which they were gathered collapsed at a campground near Wentzville, Missouri.
    (AP, 7/5/00) 

1995        Jul 6, The prosecution rested at the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/6/00)
1995        Jul 6, At 3:15AM The UN safe area at Srebrenica came under attack by the Bosnian Serb army’s Drina corps under Genl. Radislav Krstic, and some 7,500 Muslim men and boys were killed. The acquisition and delivery of arms was organized by Yugoslav army officer Mirko Krajisnik, brother to Momcilo Krajisnik, president of the Bosnian Serb assembly. In 1998 Chuck Sudetic published "Blood and Vengeance: One Family’s Story of the War in Bosnia." The book focused on the Srebrenica killings. 300 Dutch troops were later accused of not preventing the Serbs from overrunning the town. Bosnian Serb Gen’l. Radislav Krstic was arrested in 1998 for genocide in the 1995 takeover of Srebrenica. In 1999 the UN issued a 155-page report that admitted its failure to block the massacre. Krstic was convicted in 2001. In 2003 Bosnian Serb officers Momir Nikolic and Dragan Obrenovic described the massacre as a well-planned and deliberate killing operation. In 2003 An Int'l. Court sentenced Col. Dragan Obrenovic (40) to 17 years in prison for his role in the slaughter of more than 7,000 men and boys in Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(SFC, 8/12/98, p.A14)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)(SFC, 11/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 3/14/00, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A14)(AP, 12/11/03)

1995        Jul 7, The space shuttle "Atlantis" landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, bringing back American astronaut Norman Thagard, who’d spent three and a-half months aboard the Russian space station "Mir."
    (AP, 7/7/00)
1995        Jul 7, UN military observers in Bosnia appealed to the UN to "stop the carnage and damage in a UN declared safe zone."
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Jul 8, Steffi Graf won the women’s singles title at Wimbledon, defeating Arantxa Sanchez Vicario.
    (AP, 7/8/00)
1995        Jul 8, Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu, detained on June 19, was arrested in China and charged with obtaining state secrets. He was later convicted of espionage and deported.
    (AP, 7/8/00)
1995        Jul 8, A deadly heat wave began in the midsection of the US. It claimed more than 800 lives, more than half of them in Illinois.
    (AP, 7/8/00)
1995        Jul 8, In Bosnia shelling resumed and the Dutch abandoned 3 posts under direct fire. 30 Dutch troops were taken by the Serbs to Bratunac.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1995        Jul 9, Pete Sampras won the men’s singles title at Wimbledon by defeating Boris Becker, 6-7 (7-5), 6-2, 6-4, 6-2.
    (AP, 7/9/00)
1995        Jul 9, The Dutch in Bosnia again asked for air support but it was refused.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995        Jul 9, French commandos boarded the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior Two in the South Pacific.
    (AP, 7/9/00)

1995        Jul 10, President Clinton embraced mandatory ratings for TV programs and legislation to put parental-control chips in new sets.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1995        Jul 10, The defense opened its case at the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1995         Jul 10, In Burma Aung San Suu Kyi was released after six years of house arrest. She later charged that the military regime doesn't want democratic reform.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A1)

1995        Jul 11, Full diplomatic relations were established between the United States and Vietnam following an order by Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.9)(HN, 7/11/98)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.I6)
1995        Jul 11, Srebrenica, a UN declared "safe area," fell to the Bosnian Serbs. 7,000 Muslim men supposedly escaped but were never heard from again. Drazen Erdemovic (24) later admitted that he participated in killing 70 men at Srebrenica. Victims were shot in the back in groups of 10 by himself and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Army’s 10th Sabotage Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he refused to follow orders. In 1998 the book "The Graves: Srebrenica and Vukovar" was published with photographs by Gilles Peress and text by Eric Stover.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)(SFC, 7/7/96, A10) (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 12/20/98, BR p.6)
1995        Jul 11, Videotape showed Gen. Ratco Mladic entering Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A8)
1995        Jul 11-1995 Jul 16, In the Srebrenica Massacre buses arrived to take women and children to Muslim territory, while the Serbs began separating out all men from age 12 to 77 for "interrogation for suspected war crimes". It is estimated that 23,000 women and children were deported in the next 30 hours while hundreds of men were held in trucks and warehouses. On 13 July killings of unarmed Muslims took place in one such warehouse in the nearby village of Kravica. By July 16 Early reports of massacres emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Between July 11 and July 16 more than 7,000 unarmed Muslim men are thought to have been killed by Serbian forces.

1995        Jul 12, President Clinton spelled out school-prayer guidelines, asserting the First Amendment already guaranteed adequate freedom of religion.
    (AP, 7/12/00)
1995        Jul 12, US public debt said by the Treasury to be $4.93 trillion.
    (WSJ, 7/12/95, p.A1)
1995        Jul 12, In Bosnia Momir Nikolic, an intelligence officer, was nearby when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their headless corpses loaded onto trucks. Nikolic was arrested in 2002 on charges that he was responsible for the killing of some 1,000 Muslim males (16-60), who were taken from a UN compound in Jul 1995. He was also charged for the deaths of 6,000 more prisoners captured while fleeing from Srebrenica. In 2003 Nikolic pleaded guilty to war crimes. In 2003 Nikolic accepted that he was on duty when 80-100 prisoners were decapitated and their corpses loaded onto trucks. Prosecutors recommended 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A8)(AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 10/28/03)

1995        Jul 13, President Clinton denounced a base-closing list for the damage it would do to California and Texas, but then approved the package while promising to save jobs in those states.
    (AP, 7/13/00)
1995        Jul 13, Just six days after the space shuttle "Atlantis" returned, the shuttle "Discovery" blasted off on a nine-day mission.
    (AP, 7/13/00)
1995        Jul 13, In Michigan six union locals, representing some 2,500 workers of the Detroit Free Press, Detroit News and Detroit newspapers Inc., went on a strike that lasted 19 months.
    (AP, 7/13/00)(www.pww.org/archives96/96-07-13-3.html)
1995        Jul 13, In Thailand Banharn Silpa-archa (1932-2016), a provincial political powerbroker, began serving as prime minister.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banharn_Silpa-archa)(AP, 4/23/16)

1995        Jul 14, Under pressure from Congress, FBI Director Louis Freeh removed his friend Larry Potts as the bureau’s deputy director because of controversy over Potts’ role in a deadly 1992 FBI siege in Idaho.
    (AP, 7/14/00)
1995        Jul 14, Physicists announced that a new state of matter was formed by using lasers and evaporation to plunge the temp. of rubidium gas to minus 459.67 degrees F. A full article on the experiment appeared in the journal Science.
    (WSJ, 7/14/95, A-1)

1995        Jul 15, A 19-year-old sales clerk was rescued after being buried in the rubble of a collapsed shopping mall in Seoul, South Korea, for 16 days.
    (AP, 7/15/00)

1995        Jul 16, William Barloon and David Daliberti, the two Americans who were imprisoned in Iraq for crossing the border from Kuwait four months earlier, were released.
    (AP, 7/16/00)
1995        Jul 16, Amazon.com went live on the Internet. The 1st book sold on the site was “Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought."
    (SFC, 7/5/05, p.E2)
1995        Jul 16, Stephen Spender (b.1909), English poet and critic, died. In 2004 John Sutherland authored “Stephen Spender: The Authorized Biography."
    (HN, 2/28/01)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.81)
1995        Jul 16, Early reports of massacres in Bosnia emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Following negotiations between the UN and the Bosnian Serbs, the Dutch were at last permitted to leave Srebrenica, leaving behind weapons, food and medical supplies.

1995        Jul 17, Thirty-two people were injured when a Boston Green Line trolley rammed another train under Copley Square.
    (AP, 7/17/00)

1995        Jul 18, US Senate Republicans opened a new round of Whitewater hearings.
    (AP, 7/18/00)
1995        Jul 18, Opening statements were presented in the trial of Susan Smith, the South Carolina woman charged with drowning her two young sons.
    (AP, 7/18/00)

1995        Jul 19, Las Vegas Review-Journal columnist, John L. Smith, authored a book due out Aug, 1999, titled: "Running Scared: The Dangerous Life and Treacherous Times of Las Vegas Casino King Steve Wynn."
    (RNR, 7/19/95, p. 10)
1995        Jul 19, President Clinton firmly rejected calls for dismantling affirmative action programs.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
1995        Jul 19, A pair of House subcommittees held a joint hearing on the federal government’s raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
    (AP, 7/19/00)
1995        Jul 19, The Dow Jones industrial average ended at 4628.87, down 57.41, after plunging more than 130 points earlier in the session.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1995        Jul 20, Baseball Hall-of-Famers Duke Snider and Willie McCovey pleaded guilty in New York to tax evasion.
    (AP, 7/20/00)
1995        Jul 20, Leaders of the University of California voted to drop affirmative action policies on admissions and hiring.
    (AP, 7/20/00)

1995        Jul 21, At a 16-nation conference in London, the United States and NATO allies warned Bosnian Serbs that further attacks on UN safe havens would draw a "substantial and decisive response."
    (AP, 7/21/00)
1995        Jul 21 China began conducting a series of ballistic missile test firings 85 miles from Taiwan. The missiles were all MTCR class four short range and two intermediate range. All were modern, mobile, nuclear-capable. No country has ever held this level of field tests for nuclear capable missiles before.
1995        Jul 21, Elleston Trevor, British author, died.

1995        Jul 22, Susan Smith was convicted by a jury in Union, South Carolina, of first-degree murder for drowning her two sons. She was later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/22/00)
1995        Jul 22, In San Luis Obispo, 15-year-old Elyse Pahler was murdered by 3 teenagers of the death metal band called "Hatred" patterned after the group "Slayer." Her body was not found for 8 months until revealed by Joseph Fiorella (16), who received a 26 year to life sentence in 1997 as part of a plea bargain. Royce Casey (18) and Jacob Delashmutt still faced trial as adults. Death metal was a sub-genre of heavy metal that featured explicit lyrics dealing with murder, torture and occult practices.
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.A15)

1995        Jul 23, American amateur astronomers first reported the discovery of the comet bearing their names: Hale-Bopp. Reconstruction of the orbit indicated that the comet repeatedly enters the inner solar system every 3,000 years or so. It travels in an orbit perpendicular to the solar system in an elongated ellipse that is about 33 million miles from the sun at its farthest point. Its closest approach to Earth will be on March 23, 1997. The nearest pass will be on April 1.
    (Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.55)(SFEC, 10/27/96, p.A17)
1995        Jul 23, The United Nations ordered the first combat unit from its rapid reaction force to Sarajevo to take out any rebel Serb guns that fire at U.N. peacekeepers.
    (AP, 7/23/97)

1995        Jul 24, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a crowded commuter bus in Tel Aviv and killed six Israelis and wounded 28. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 7/24/00)

1995        Jul 25, A bomb exploded at the Paris subway St. Michel station, killing 8 people and injuring some 200. The Armed Islamic Group claimed responsibility. In 1999 five people linked to Algerian militants were sentenced to 10-year prison terms for the attacks. 16 others received lesser sentences. In 2002 Boualem Bensaid and Smain Ait Ali Belkacem, Islamic militants, were convicted and sentenced to life in prison for their roles in the bombings. British police arrested Rachid Ramda (25) at the request of the French government due to his connections with Bensaid. In 2005 Ramda was still in Belmarsh prison awaiting extradition. In 2007 Ramda (38) was sentenced to life in prison with no possibility of parole for 22 years.
    (www.emergency.com/frncboms.htm)(AP, 7/25/00)(Econ, 10/22/05, p.61)(AP, 10/26/07)
1995        Jul 25, Two weeks after overrunning Srebrenica, Bosnian Serbs took over the safe area of Zepa.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995        Jul 25, Radovan Karadzic and Gen’l. Ratko Mladic and 22 other Serbs were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Hague Tribunal for commanding forces responsible for sniping in Serajevo and for genocide and crimes against humanity. Also indicted was Milan Martic, Croatian Serb leader of rebel Serb forces, for ordering the shelling of Zagreb in May ‘95.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)(AP, 7/25/00)

1995        Jul 26, The US Senate voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the UN embargo on arms shipments to Bosnia.
    (AP, 7/26/00)
1995        Jul 26, Former Michigan Governor George W. Romney died at age 88.
    (AP, 7/26/00)

1995        Jul 27, The Korean War Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington by President Clinton and South Korean President Kim Young-sam.
    (AP, 7/27/98)
1995        Jul 27, Miklos Rozsa (88), Hungarian movie composer (Atomic Cafe, Fedora), died.

1995        Jul 28, A jury in Union, South Carolina, rejected the death penalty for Susan Smith, sentencing her instead to life in prison for drowning her two young sons. Smith was eligible for parole after 30 years.
    (AP, 7/28/00)
1995        Jul 28, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tigers lost some 400 guerrillas in a raid on Weli Oya army camp where only 2 soldiers died.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995        Jul 28, Vietnam joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN was established in Bangkok in 1967 by the five original member countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. 

1995        Jul 29, President Clinton and Republicans marked the 30th anniversary of Medicare by accusing one another of putting the program’s future at risk.
    (AP, 7/29/00)

1995        Jul 30, Russia and Chechen rebels signed an agreement calling for a gradual withdrawal of Russian troops and the disarmament of rebel fighters.
    (AP, 7/30/00)

1995        Jul 31, The Walt Disney Company agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC Inc. in a $19 billion deal. The deal included the ESPN sports cable network and made Disney the world’s largest media company.
    (AP, 7/31/97)(Econ, 9/18/04, p.70)(Econ, 11/3/12, p.65)

1995        Jul, Monica Lewinsky began employment as an intern in the White House Chief of Staff’s office.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1995        Jul, Nataly I, a Panamanian tuna boat, was stopped 780 miles west of Peru by the US Coast Guard and found to contain 12 tons of cocaine worth some $700 million.
    (WSJ, 7/10/97, p.A13)
1995        Jul, Drazen Erdemovic (24), an ethnic Croat, participated in killing 70 men at Srebrenica. He later admitted that victims were shot in the back in groups of 10 by himself and fellow soldiers in the Bosnian Serb Army’s 10th Sabotage Detachment. He was told that he would be killed if he refused to follow orders. In Nov 1996, the UN War Tribunal sentenced him to ten years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A10)
1995        Jul, Pakistan’s PM Benazir Bhutto, under pressure from army commanders, began peace talks with the MQM. The talks foundered, then restarted, only to reach another deadlock. At year's end the two sides were still hurling accusations at each other.
1995        Jul, The Serbs overran the safe area of Zepa. The Hague Tribunal indicted  Karadzic and his military commander Gen. Ratko Mladic for genocide and crimes against humanity.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995        Jul, Forensic experts in 1998 began exhuming 274 bodies in the village of Donja Glumina. They were believed to be Bosnian Muslims killed in Srebrenica by Serbs in Jul 1995.
    (SFC, 10/12/98, p.A8)
1995        Jul, A UN War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague issued indictments. Dusko Sikirica, who commanded a camp at Prijedor in 1992 where over 3,000 Bosnian Muslims and Croats were killed and tortured, was among the indicted. Sikirica was arrested in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)
1995        Jul, Serb troops made some video tapes of their killings. In 2005 a video was shown by the War Crimes Tribunal that displayed the murder of 6 civilians including Azmir Alispahic (16) on Mount Treskavica near Pale.
    (AP, 6/3/05)

1995        Jul, In Vancouver, Canada, at the Int’l. AIDS Conference researchers said that at least 10 genetically different sub-types of HIV-1 were identified. HIV-2 was another strain principally found in Africa.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A4)

1995        Jul, In Colombia Santiago Medina, Pres. Samper’s campaign treasurer, testified that $6 million was solicited from the Cali drug cartel.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)

1995        Jul, The Ebola virus killed 244 people in Kikwit, Zaire.
    (WSJ, 12/11/95, p.A1)(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A11)

1995        Jul, Four hostages: Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian authorities. The Harkatul Mujahedeen kidnapped the tourists.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)

1995        Jul, In Kenya paleontologist Richard Leakey began a new political party, Safina, as an alternative to KANU (Kenya African National Union) and FORD-Kenya (Forum for Restoration of Democracy).
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A8)

1995        Jul, In Malaysia, Irene Fernandez, head of the human rights group Tenaganita, published a report after interviewing immigrant inmates on prison conditions. 71 deaths have been caused by alleged abuse.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A15)

1995        Aug 1, In the second TV network takeover in as many days, Westinghouse Electric Corporation struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion. A day earlier, Walt Disney had agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC for $19 billion.
    (AP, 8/1/00)
1995        Aug 1, NATO threatened major air strikes if any more "safe areas" were attacked in Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Aug 2, Hurricane "Erin" came ashore near Vero Beach, Florida; the storm was blamed for eleven deaths.
    (AP, 8/2/00)
1995        Aug 2, China ordered the expulsion of two US Air Force officers it said were caught spying on military sites.
    (AP, 8/2/00)

1995        Aug 3, Wisconsin Gov. Tommy Thompson announced an end to welfare offices in the state at the site of a new jobs center in Racine.
    (SFC, 9/1/97, p.A3)
1995        Aug 3, A Palestinian, Eyad Ismoil, was flown to the United States from Jordan to face charges he’d driven a bomb-laden van into New York’s World Trade Center. The 1993 explosion killed six people and injured more than one-thousand; Ismoil is serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 8/3/00)

1995        Aug 4, A US judge ruled that Oregon's assisted-suicide law, approved by the voters last Nov., is unconstitutional. The law would have allowed doctors to prescribe lethal doses of drugs for dying patients.
    (WSJ, 8/4/95, p.B-1)
1995        Aug 4, That 1% of Americans own 40% of the nation's wealth is uncontested as fact.
    (WSJ, 8/4/95, p.A11)
1995        Aug 4, J. Howard Marshall II, Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., died. In 1994 Marshall had married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26). In 2002, a federal judge ruled that the dying 90-year-old truly loved his then 26-year-old wife and awarded her $88 million in a court fight with Marshall’s son. In 2004 an appeals court reversed the judgment. In 2010 a federal appeals court recognized a 2001 jury verdict in Texas that determined an irrevocable trust and will leaving $1.6 billion to Pierce Marshall was valid.
    (www.lasc.org/opinions/97cc1718.opn.pdf)(AP, 12/31/04)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A6)
1995        Aug 4, Croatia launched an offensive against Krajina, Operation Storm, and captured in days a region that Serb rebels had held for 4 years. Most of its province of Krajina, including the Serb stronghold Knin, was taken in a 3-day offensive. Some 3,000 shells were fired into Knin and less than 250 hit military targets. Some 100,000 Croatian Serbs were driven from the area. Up to 600 Serb civilians were killed. A report on the events was published in 1999: "Report on the Military Operation Storm and its Aftermath" by the Croatian Helsinki Committee for Human Rights.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(SFEC, 3/21/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)

1995        Aug 5, Secretary of State Warren Christopher arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to "build a bridge of cooperation." Christopher was the first US secretary of state to visit Vietnam since the war and the first ever to go to Hanoi.
    (AP, 8/5/00)

1995        Aug 6, Thousands of people in Hiroshima, Japan, set glowing lanterns afloat in rivers, capping a day of tributes on the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing.
    (AP, 8/6/00)

1995        Aug 7, Ten days before he was to be put to death for the murder of a police officer, black activist and radio reporter Mumia Abu-Jamal won a reprieve from the original trial judge in Philadelphia. As of 2008, his legal appeals are still unsettled and he is a prisoner at State Correctional Institution Greene near Waynesburg, Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 8/7/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumia_Abu-Jamal)

1995        Aug 8, President Clinton, during a visit to Baltimore, ordered all companies doing business with the federal government to report the pollution they cause.
    (AP, 8/8/00)
1995        Aug 8, Hussein Kamel al-Majid, formerly Iraq's industry minister, defected to Jordan with his brother and their wives, both of whom were daughters of Saddam Hussein. He vowed to topple Saddam and said that Sadam Hussein had planned to invade Kuwait and Saudi Arabia this month and that Iraq had been three months away from testing an atomic bomb before the Gulf War began.
    (WSJ, 8/21/95, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)

1995        Aug 9, Netscape Communications went public and was valued at $2.2 billion.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)
1995        Aug 9, A Boeing 737 belonging to Guatemala’s Aviateca airline hit the Chichontepec volcano in El Salvador on a flight from Miami and killed all 65 on board.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)
1995        Aug 9, Jerry Garcia, guitarist and lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in San Francisco of a heart attack at age 53. In 1999 Blair Jackson authored "Garcia: An American Life." In 2002 Dennis McNally authored "A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead."
    (WSJ, 8/11/95, p.A7)(AP, 8/9/97)(SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.1)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.M1)

1995        Aug 10, Norma McCorvey, "Jane Roe" of the 1973 Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, announced she had joined the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue.
    (AP, 8/10/97)
1995        Aug 10, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were charged with eleven counts in the Oklahoma City bombing. McVeigh was later convicted of murder. He was executed by lethal injection on June 11, 2001, at the US Federal Penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana. McVeigh (33) stated that his only regret was not completely leveling the federal building. Nichols was convicted of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to life in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_McVeigh#Execution)(AP, 8/10/00)

1995        Aug 11, President Clinton banned all US nuclear tests, calling his decision
    "the right step as we continue pulling back from the nuclear precipice."
    (AP, 8/11/00)
1995        Aug 11, Pres. Clinton vetoed a congressional move to end the arms embargo on Bosnia and sent Envoy Richard Holdbrooke on a new peace mission.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Aug 12, In a methodical, daylong procession, Republican presidential candidates courted Ross Perot’s followers at a United We Stand America conference in Dallas.
    (AP, 8/12/00)

1995        Aug 13, Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer at the age of 63.
    (AP, 8/13/97)
1995        Aug 13, Hans-Christian Ostro, a 27-year-old Norwegian who had come to India to study dance was found dead in the Pahalgam district with his severed head balanced between his thighs, close to the sight of a previous kidnapping by Kashmir guerillas.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)

1995        Aug 14, Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. She quit the school less than a week later, citing the stress of her court fight, and her isolation among the male cadets.
    (AP, 8/14/97)

1995        Aug 15, The Justice Department agreed to pay 3.1 million dollars to white separatist Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over the killing of Weaver’s wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal agents at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
    (AP, 8/15/00)
1995        Aug 15, The St. John Baptist Church in Lexington Co., S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Aug 15, John Cameron Swayze (89), pioneering TV journalist and Timex watch pitchman, died in Sarasota, Fla.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

1995        Aug 16, The US government more than doubled its estimate of rapes or attempted rapes in the US each year, to 310,000, a finding praised by leaders of women’s groups.
    (AP, 8/16/00)
1995        Aug 16, In Orinda, Ca., Maria Corrieo and her sister, Gina Roberts, were killed by Dalton Lolohea and 2 others during a robbery. Lolohea was tried and convicted for the double murder in 2000 along with robbery and burglary. David Ross was sentenced to 20 years in prison in exchange for testifying against Corey Williams. In 2013 the state Supreme Court upheld the death sentence against Williams.
    (SFC, 2/8/00, p.A19)(SFC, 2/18/00, p.D3)(SFC, 8/18/00, p.A22)(SFC, 2/8/13, p.D1)
1995        Aug 16, Rebel soldiers in Sao Tome overthrew Pres. Miguel Trovoada. This is a two-island nation off the west coast of Africa.
    (WSJ, 8/16/95, p. A1)

1995        Aug 17, James B. McDougal, McDougal’s ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury. James McDougal was convicted on 18 of 19 counts of fraud and conspiracy; Tucker was found guilty on one count of fraud and one count of conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted on four fraud-related charges. James B. McDougal’s sentencing was delayed when the court suggested he testify against the Clintons. He died of a heart attack in federal prison in Fort Worth, Texas, on March 8, 1998. Susan H. McDougal was sentenced to two years in prison, probation, community service and $305,000 in fines and restitution. She received a full Presidential pardon from outgoing President Bill Clinton in the final hours of his presidency on January 20, 2001. Jim Guy Tucker was convicted of three counts of felony; due to his poor health, he was sentenced to four years probation and 18 months of house detention and $325,000 in fines and restitution.
    (AP, 8/17/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McDougal)

1995        Aug 18, Shannon Faulkner, who’d won a two-and-a-half-year legal battle to become the first female cadet at The Citadel, quit the South Carolina military college after less than a week, most of it spent in the infirmary. After her departure, the male cadets openly celebrated on the campus. By May 2005, The Citadel's Corps of Cadets included 118 female cadets, 6% of the total student population.
    (AP, 8/18/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shannon_Faulkner)
1995        Aug 18, Premier John Swan of Bermuda promised to resign after voters rejected a vote for independence from Britain with 76% voice.
    (WSJ, 8/18/95, p.A1)

1995        Aug 19, Three top US diplomats heading to peace talks in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, were killed when their armored vehicle plunged off a muddy road and exploded.
    (AP, 8/19/00)

1995        Aug 20, The remnants of an American peace delegation headed home from Bosnia-Herzegovina with the bodies of three diplomats killed in an accident.
    (AP, 8/20/00)
1995        Aug 20, The Algerian government planned presidential elections for Nov. 16, but Muslim militants vowed to derail the plans. Some 40,000 people have been killed since the government cancelled elections in 1992.
    (WSJ, 8/21/95, p.A-1)
1995         Aug 20, In Firozabad, India, a speeding passenger train crashed into a train that had stalled after hitting a cow and some 358 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/20/00)
1995        Aug 20, Liberian warlords agreed in Nigeria to end hostilities in six-year old civil war, which had killed 150,000 people. The Economic Community of West African States brokered a peace treaty between two warring movements.
    (WSJ, 8/21/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(AP, 7/1/03)
1995        Aug 20, A plebiscite declared the independence of Seborga (in Northern Italy) by a vote of 304 to 4. Giorgio Carbone was elected as Georgio I, Prince-for-Life.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T6)

1995        Aug 21, ABC News settled a $10 billion libel suit by apologizing to Philip Morris for reporting the tobacco giant had manipulated the amount of nicotine in its cigarettes.
    (AP, 8/21/00)
1995        Aug 21, A commuter plane crashed near Carrollton, Georgia. Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 enroute to Gulfport, Miss., crashed with 29 people aboard. 10 died. In 2001 Gary M. Pomerantz authored "Nine Minutes, Twenty Seconds: The Tragedy & Triumph of ASA Flight 529."
    (AP, 8/21/00)(SSFC, 10/21/01, p.R4)
1995        Aug 21, Ethiopia’s new federal constitution came into force. It created nine ethnically based semi-autonomous states, but gave each of more than 80 ethnic groups the right to form its own state or secede. The constitution guaranteed free land to farmers. All land was owned by the state, but farmers and poor people had few legal protections from eviction.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Constitution_of_Ethiopia)(Econ, 7/27/19, p.38)(Econ., 8/1/20, p.39)
1995        Aug 21, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a bus in Jerusalem and killed 4 Israelis, 1 American, and wounded more than 100 people. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1995        Aug 21, In Thailand Prince Thitiphan Yugala (60) was poisoned by his new wife Chalasai Yugala (23), aka Luk Pla (Baby fish). He died after 8 days and Luk Pla ran off with Uthet Choopwa (19), a chestnut peddler. She had become his lover at 14 and wife at 23. In 2002 she was sentenced to 6 years in prison.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A2)

1995        Aug 22, Congressman Mel Reynolds (Democrat, Illinois) was convicted in Chicago of sexual misconduct involving an underage campaign volunteer. Reynolds was sentenced to five years in prison; he was later convicted of lying to obtain loans and of illegally siphoning campaign money for personal use. Reynolds was later sentenced to five years in prison; he ended up serving 2 1/2.
    (AP, 8/22/05)
1995        Aug 22, Meles Zenawi was elected PM of the Ethiopian Federal Democratic Republic.

1995        Aug 23, During a memorial service at Fort Myer, Virginia, President Clinton eulogized three US diplomats killed in a road accident near Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and vowed to carry on the struggle for peace in the Balkans.
    (AP, 8/23/00)
1995        Aug 23, Alfred Eisenstaedt (96), "Life" magazine photographer, died on Martha’s Vineyard. His picture of a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square became one of the best-known images of America's joy at the end of World War Two.
    (AP, 8/23/00)(www.cnn.com/EVENTS/year_in_review/passages/)

1995        Aug 24, Microsoft Corporation began selling its highly publicized Windows 95 personal computer software. The Windows 95 operating system was priced at $89 for an upgrade.
    (WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A16)(AP, 8/24/00)
1995        Aug 24, Harry Wu, Chinese human rights activist and writer, was sentenced to 15 years in prison by Chinese law and then expelled from China. China expelled Harry Wu, hours after convicting him of spying.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.3)(AP, 8/24/00)

1995        Aug 25, Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu, safely back on US soil after two months in Chinese detention, said the spying case against him was "all lies," and vowed to seek compensation from China.
    (AP, 8/25/00)

1995        Aug 26, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton explained his decision to impose a two-year moratorium on mining claims on 4500 acres of federal land near the northeast corner of Yellowstone National Park, saying the land was "more priceless than gold."
    (AP, 8/26/00)
1995        Aug 26, The Jordan Marsh and A&S (Abraham & Straus) stores were absorbed into Macy's East.
1995        Aug 26, John Costello (b.1943), British historian, died.
1995        Aug 26, Evelyn Wood (86), speed reading guru, died in Tucson, Arizona. The Evelyn Wood Reading Dynamics became popular in the late 1950s.
    (www.readfaster.com/evelynwood.asp)(WSJ, 7/25/06, p.D1)

1995        Aug 27, American and Chinese officials agreed to begin planning a fall summit between President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
    (AP, 8/27/00)
1995        Aug 27, A wildfire in the Hamptons, the largest in 50 years, ended after 4 days. A 16-alarm at the St. George Hotel complex began in Brooklyn.

1995        Aug 28, Chase Manhattan and Chemical Banking announced a $10 billion deal to create the biggest bank in the nation.
    (AP, 8/28/00)
1995        Aug 28, California Governor Pete Wilson formally entered the GOP presidential race.
    (AP, 8/28/00)
1995        Aug 28, A mortar shell tore through a crowded market in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killing 38 people and triggering NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs. Bosnian Serb shells hit Serajevo near the main market and killed 37 people and wounded 85 others.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(HTNet, 8/28/99)(AP, 8/28/00)

1995        Aug 29, At the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles, without the jury present, tape recordings of police detective Mark Fuhrman were played in which Fuhrman could be heard spouting racial invectives.
    (AP, 8/29/00)
1995        Aug 29, The West pounded the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of bludgeoning them into serious peace talks.
    (AP, 8/30/00)
1995        Aug 29, In Tbilisi, Georgia, the motorcade of Eduard Shevardnadze was attacked as he left for the ceremonial signing of the new constitution.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.A12)y

1995        Aug 30, Cable News Network joined the internet  ("This is CNN").
1995        Aug 30, Bosnian Serbs gave Serbian Pres. Slobodan Milosevic authority to negotiate for them. The West pounded the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of bludgeoning them into serious peace talks.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 8/30/00)
1995        Aug 30, At a lavish opening ceremony in Beijing, organizers of a major women’s conference vowed to fight for empowerment and equality.
    (AP, 8/30/00)(www.iisd.org/women/beijfact.htm)

1995        Aug 31, At the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, Judge Lance Ito ruled the defense could play only two examples of police detective Mark Fuhrman’s racist comments from taped conversations with a screenwriter.
    (AP, 8/31/00)
1995        Aug 31, NATO planes and UN artillery blasted Serb targets in Bosnia for a 2nd day in response to the market attack in Serajevo.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1995        Aug 31, In India blast a bomb killed 18 people, including Beant Singh (b.1922), chief minister of the northern state of Punjab. Singh had become chief minister of Punjab, home to most Indian Sikhs, in 1992, and began crushing a Sikh militant movement that sought a separate homeland. Gurmeet Singh was one of six Sikh militants convicted in the attack. He fled a high-security prison in 2004 before being sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment in 2007. In 2015 Thai authorities extradited him back to India.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beant_Singh_%28chief_minister%29)(AP, 1/16/15)

1995        Aug, Margaret Lesher sold the Lesher media empire, 27 daily and weekly papers, to Knight-Ridder for $360 million.
    (SFEM, 9/14/97, p.30)
1995        Aug, In Austin, Texas, Madalyn Murray O’Hair, leader of United Secularists of America, disappeared with her son and granddaughter and more than $600,000 in funds from her various organizations. Her diaries, some 2,000 pages, were scheduled to be auctioned in 1999. The IRS filed an affidavit in 1999 against David Waters and 3 others in relation to suspected murders and theft. In 1999 Waters (52) was sentenced to 60 years in prison for skimming over $50,000 from the atheist organization. Waters was later given another 8 year sentence on a federal weapons charge. [See Oct 3.] In 2001 bones were found on the ranch where she was believed to have been buried following an agreement between Waters and prosecutors. All 3 bodies were identified in Mar.
    (SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A4)(SFC, 1/12/99, p.A4)(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A3)(SFC, 8/12/99, p.3)(SFC, 8/21/99, p.A3)(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A2)(WSJ, 3/16/00, p.A1)
1995        Aug, Microsoft launched Internet Explorer.
    (SSFC, 5/20/18, p.D1)
1995        Aug, The Afghan Taliban militia forced down a Russian Ilyushin-76 cargo plane with 7 Russian airmen at Kandahar.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C3)
1995        Aug, In Brazil Pres. Cardoso introduced Law 9140, which acknowledged military responsibility for 136 deaths under previous governments.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)
1995        Aug, Florene May Schoenborn (1903-1995), daughter of David May the founder of May Department Stores, died and left her valuable art collection to New York museums.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.D5)
1995        Aug, The extremist radical party of Serbia under Vojislav Seselj published a manifesto titled: "How To Solve the Problem of Kosovo." It advocated firing Albanian workers, encouraging Serbian colonization, military occupation and buffer zones along the Albanian and Macedonian borders.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A7)
1995        Aug, Michal Kovac Jr. (34), the son of Pres. Michal Kovac Sr., was kidnapped and later dumped drugged and unconscious in front of a police station in Vienna. An Austrian court soon released him because of the illegal manner of his detainment.
    (SFC, 4/21/00, p.A18)(Econ, 4/1/17, p.45)

1995        Sep 1, The 716-acre Limekiln State Park on the California Big Sur coast opened.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T3)
1995        Sep 1, A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (AP, 9/1/00)
1995        Sep 1, The death penalty in NY State, signed into law on March 7, became effective.
1995        Sep 1, Moammar Khadafy of Libya announced the expulsion of all 30,000 Palestinians from Libya. More than 1,200 ended up in a border camp between Libya and Egypt.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E1)

1995        Sep 2, At a military cemetery on a hill high above Honolulu, President Clinton marked the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, saying it taught Americans that "the blessings of freedom are never easy or free."
    (AP, 9/2/00)
1995        Sep 2, Vaclav Neumann (74), Czech conductor, died.

1995        Sep 3, Testing Serb will, the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn’t end.
    (AP, 9/3/00)

1995        Sep 4, Attorney William Moses Kunstler (b.1919) died in NYC. The UCLA attorney spoke out for the politically unpopular in a controversial career and defended the Chicago 7.
    (SFC, 4/8/96, p.A3)(www.nndb.com/people/218/000025143/)
1995        Sep 4-1995 Sep 7, Hurricane Luis hit the Virgin Islands.
    (NH, 10/96, p.60)(www.nhc.noaa.gov/1995luis.html)
1995        Sep 4, The Fourth World Conference on Women opened in Beijing with more than 4,750 delegates from 181 countries.
    (AP, 9/4/00)

1995        Sep 5, O.J.  Simpson jurors heard testimony that police detective Mark Fuhrman had uttered a racist slur, and advocated the killing of blacks.
    (AP, 9/5/00)
1995        Sep 5, First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, addressing the UN-sponsored fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, declared it was "time to break the silence" about the abuse of women.
    (AP, 9/5/05)
1995        Sep 5, James "Pigmeat" Jarrett, pianist, died at 95.
1995        Sep 5, France under Pres. Chirac resumed nuclear testing, after a three-year moratorium, in the French South Pacific atoll of Mururoa. World-wide protests failed to stop testing.
    (WSJ, 9/8/95, p.A8)(AP, 9/5/00)

1995        Sep 6, Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken broke Lou Gehrig’s record by playing his 2,131st consecutive game.
    (AP, 9/6/00)
1995        Sep 6, The Senate Ethics Committee voted unanimously to recommend expulsion of Oregon Senator Bob Packwood, accused of sexual and official misconduct.
    (AP, 9/6/00)
1995        Sep 6, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination as he was called back to the witness stand at the O.J. Simpson trial.
    (AP, 9/6/00)
1995        Sep 6, An Ontario Provincial Police sniper fatally wounded protester Dudley George (1957-1995) as police moved in to try to end the occupation of Ipperwash Provincial Park, on the shores of Lake Huron, by demonstrators who were demanding the return of the park and adjacent lands to native ownership. The Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation claimed the park lands as an aboriginal burial ground. In 2007 Ontario said it will return 109 acres to native ownership.
    (Reuters, 12/21/07)
1995        Sep 6, Hurricane "Luis" moved away from the Caribbean after lashing resort islands.
    (AP, 9/6/00)

1995        Sep 7, After 27 years in the Senate, Bob Packwood (Republican, Oregon) announced he would resign, heading off a vote by colleagues to expel him for allegations of sexual and official misconduct.
    (AP, 9/7/00)
1995        Sep 7, John F. Kennedy Jr. unveiled his new "George" magazine.
1995        Sep 7, The space shuttle "Endeavour" thundered into orbit with five astronauts on a mission to release and recapture a pair of science satellites.
    (AP, 9/7/00)

1995        Sep 8, It was reported that a lifeless zone in the Gulf of Mexico has grown to more than 7,000 sq. miles, nearly the size of New Jersey. It was caused by chemical and fertilizer runoff from US agriculture into the Mississippi River. "An analysis of data from six major farm states showed a significant correlation between (farm) subsidies and increased chemical and fertilizer use." The subsidies encouraged farmers to increase yield on less acreage.
    (WSJ, 9/8/95, p.A10)   
1995        Sep 8, Bosnia’s warring sides reached a compromise in Geneva, agreeing to divide the nation into two states: one for the rebel Serbs and another for the Muslims and Croats.
    (AP, 9/8/00)

1995        Sep 9, Amtrak’s "Broadway Limited" service between New York and Chicago, begun in 1902,  made its final run.
    (AP, 9/9/00)
1995        Sep 9, Bosnian Serbs blamed UN forces for a shell that killed ten people at a Bosnian Serb hospital the day before.
    (AP, 9/9/00)

1995        Sep 10, NBC’s "ER" won eight Emmy Awards, but lost best dramatic series to ABC’s "NYPD Blue;" NBC’s "Frasier" won five awards, including best comedy series.
    (AP, 9/10/00)
1995        Sep 10, A plane carrying members of a skydivers club crashed in Shacklefords, Virginia, killing ten parachutists, the plane’s pilot and a man on the ground.
    (AP, 9/10/00)

1995        Sep 11, The prosecution in the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles reluctantly began its rebuttal case, as ordered by Judge Lance Ito, after the defense refused to rest.
    (AP, 9/11/00)
1995        Sep 11, Jimmy Ryce (9) was kidnapped, raped and murdered in south Florida. In 1998 Juan Carlos Chavez, a Cuban ranch hand was convicted. His defense was that he was framed by his bosses into a confession for fear of being deported. The defense held that Edward Sheinhaus, the son of Chavez’s bosses, was the killer. Chavez was executed on Feb 12, 2014.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A4)(SFC, 2/13/14, p.A15)

1995        Sep 12, The Belarussian military border guards shot down a hydrogen balloon during an international race, killing its two American pilots.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A12)(AP, 9/12/00)
1995        Sep 12, Jeremy Brett, English actor (Sherlock Holmes), died at 59.

1995        Sep 13, The FBI made at least a dozen arrests, capping a nationwide two-year investigation of pedophiles and pornographers using the America Online computer network.
    (AP, 9/13/00)
1995        Sep 13, "The Drew Carey Show" premiered on ABC television.
    (AP, 9/13/05)
1995        Sep 13, The hole in the Earth's ozone layer was growing fast and was twice the size it was in 1994. It now reached about the size of Europe.
    (WSJ, 9/13/95, p.A-1)

1995        Sep 14, Bosnian Serbs agreed to move heavy weapons and tanks away from Serajevo. NATO halted bombing in response.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Sep 15, Hurricane "Marilyn," the third major storm to batter the Caribbean in less than a month, hit the Virgin Islands with heavy rains and 100 mile-an-hour winds.
    (AP, 9/15/00)
1995        Sep 15, The UN Fourth World Conference on Women adjourned in Beijing after approving a wide-ranging platform running the gamut from promoting inheritance rights to condemning rape in wartime. The Beijing Platform, signed by 189 states, urged a review of all laws that punish women for having abortions.
    (AP, 9/15/00)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.65)
1995        Sep 15, A Muslim-Croat offensive won 1,500 square miles of land. More than 150,000 Serbs fled, many to Eastern Slovonia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Sep 16, Shawntel Smith of Oklahoma was crowned "Miss America" at the pageant in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
    (AP, 9/16/00)
1995        Sep 16, President Clinton voiced support for a Senate welfare overhaul plan sponsored by Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole.
    (AP, 9/16/00)

1995        Sep 17, A 3-year old girl, Stephanie Kuhen, was shot dead in Los Angeles when the car she was riding in driven by Timothy Stone made a wrong turn into a dead-end alley in Cypress Park, and happened on a gang setting. Her 2-year old brother was wounded in the foot. Accused of the murder are Manuel Rosales Jr., Augustin Lizama, Hugo David Gomez, Marcos Antonio Luna and Anthony Gabriel Rodriguez. A 6th defendant, Marvin Pech, is expected to testify for the prosecution.
    (SFC, 5/14/96, A20)
1995        Sep 17, Hong Kong held its last legislative election before the 1997 takeover by China, with some of Beijing’s fiercest critics the big winners.
    (AP, 9/17/00)

1995        Sep 18, President Clinton began a five-day re-election campaign fund-raising tour that got off to a rocky start after a deal to convert the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard to civilian use collapsed at the last minute.
    (AP, 9/18/00)
1995        Sep 18, In Hong Kong pro-democracy candidates won a sweeping victory in the last legislative election under British rule. Democrats took 70% of the direct vote. China vowed to disband the legislature.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)

1995        Sep 19, The New York Times and The Washington Post published the Unabomber’s manifesto.
    (AP, 9/19/00)
1995        Sep 19, The US Senate passed a welfare overhaul bill.
    (AP, 9/19/00)
1995        Sep 19, The US ambassador and the commander of American forces in Japan apologized for the rape of an Okinawan schoolgirl committed by three US servicemen.
    (AP, 9/19/00)
1995        Sep 19, Orville Redenbacher (b.1907), popcorn magnate, died at his home in Coronado, Ca., from drowning in a bathtub.

1995        Sep 20, The US House voted to drop the national speed limit and let states decide how fast people should drive.
    (AP, 9/20/05)
1995        Sep 20, In a move that stunned Wall Street, AT&T Corporation announced it was splitting into three companies.
    (WSJ, 9/21/95, p.B-2)(AP, 9/19/00)
1995        Sep 20, Rene Anselmo (b.1926), founder of PanAmSat (1984), died. “Truth and technology will triumph over bullshit and bureaucracy."
    (http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/individual/629772)(Econ, 10/04/08, p.86)
1995        Sep 20, Bosnian Serb rebels pulled back enough heavy weapons from around Sarajevo to keep NATO airstrikes at bay.
    (AP, 9/19/00)

1995        Sep 21, US House Republicans unveiled partial details of their plan for Medicare aimed at achieving $270 billion in savings over seven years.
    (AP, 9/21/00)

1995        Sep 22, Steve Forbes, US Publishing tycoon, announced a latecomer bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/22/00)
1995        Sep 22, Both sides rested in the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
    (AP, 9/22/00)
1995        Sep 22, Time Warner struck a $7.5 billion deal to buy Turner Broadcasting System Incorporated.
    (AP, 9/22/00)
1995        Sep 22, An AWACS plane carrying US and Canadian military personnel crashed on takeoff from Elmendorf Air Force Base near Anchorage, Alaska, killing all 24 people aboard.
    (AP, 9/22/00)

1995        Sep 23, In a wide-ranging interview aboard Air Force One, President Clinton admitted he had tended in the past to get hung up on details, and pledged to do a better job in providing reassuring leadership to Americans confused by tumultuous times.
    (AP, 9/23/00)
1995        Sep 23, Guillermo Gaede, an Intel engineer, was arrested in Phoenix. He had used his computer to tap into plans for the Pentium & 486 chip manufacturing process and video taped the information in May 1993. He sent the info to his former employer Advanced Micro Devices who notified federal authorities. He claimed to have been double-crossed by the FBI and also to have passed info from AMD to Cuba, China, North Korea and Iran.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A23)

1995        Sep 24, Israel’s Rabin and the PLO under Arafat, signed a pact, Oslo II, in Taba, Egypt, ending nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities. They scheduled a 9/7/97 date for Israel’s departure from the West Bank, except for Jewish settlements and certain military locations. A final accord was scheduled for 5/7/99. The Oslo Accords stipulated that 80% of the water from the “mountain aquifer" beneath land occupied by Israel in 1967 should go to Israel, and the rest to the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)(AP, 9/24/00)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(Econ, 7/30/16, p.38)
1995        Sep 24, A 16-year-old boy in Cuers, France, killed 13 people before turning a gun on himself.
    (AP, 9/24/00)

1995        Sep 25, Ross Perot announced he would form a new Independence Party that would field its own White House candidate and would try to be the swing vote in congressional races.
    (AP, 9/25/00)
1995        Sep 25, A New Zealand volcano, Mt. Ruapehu, erupted with ash and steam spewed 12 miles high. There was some discussion over the radio whether this event was a direct result of the nuclear tests by France cited on 9/8/95.
    (WSJ, 9/27/95, p.A16)

1995        Sep 26, The prosecution began its closing argument in the murder trial of O.J. Simpson.
    (AP, 9/26/00)
1995        Sep 26, Bosnia’s warring factions agreed on guidelines for elections and a future government.
    (AP, 9/26/00)
1995        Sep 26, A bond trader at Japan’s Daiwa Bank was charged with doctoring records to hide $1.1 billion in losses.
    (AP, 9/26/00)

1995        Sep 27, The US government unveiled its redesigned $100 bill, featuring a larger, off-center portrait of Benjamin Franklin.
    (AP, 9/27/97)
1995        Sep 27, At the O.J. Simpson trial, the prosecution and defense presented dueling summations.
    (AP, 9/27/00)
1995        Sep 27-1995 Oct 6, Hurricane Opal caused at least 50 deaths in Guatemala and Mexico and 20 deaths in the United States. The storm hit Central America before striking Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)
1995        Sep 27, Azzam Rahim, a naturalized US citizen, was arrested during a visit to the West Bank by intelligence officers of the Palestinian Authority. He was imprisoned in Jericho and was reportedly tortured and killed there on Sep 29.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7udfqt2)

1995        Sep 28, In the US the Freeman headquarters were moved from Roundup, Mont., to Ralph Clark’s former ranch near Jordan, Mont.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A4)
1995        Sep 28, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an accord to transfer much of the West Bank to the control of its Arab residents.
    (AP, 9/28/98)

1995        Sep 29, California Governor Pete Wilson abandoned his bid for the 1996 Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/29/00)
1995        Sep 29, The O.J. Simpson trial was sent to the jury.
    (AP, 9/29/00)
1995        Sep 29, Three U-S servicemen were indicted in the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan girl and handed over to Japanese authorities. They were later convicted.
    (AP, 9/29/00)

1995        Sep 30, US envoy Richard Holbrooke, trying to negotiate a Bosnian cease-fire, ended inconclusive talks with the Sarajevo government and headed for Belgrade to try his luck with the Serbs.
    (AP, 9/30/00)

1995        Sep, The US government came up with a new proposal security in computer communications, dubbed by critics as Clipper II.
    (Wired, 9/96, p.224)
1995        Sep, The US House voted not to save $493 million by cutting back production of the B-2 bomber. House members voting to maintain bomber production were strongly supported a Northrup Grumman PAC.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, Z1 p.8)
1995        Sep, In Wenatchee, Wa., Manuel Hidalgo Rodriguez (33) was sentenced to 5 1/2 years in prison for alleged rape and child molestation. He was one of 43 people charged in a series of cases that imprisoned 21 people based on charges by 2 girls aged 10 and 12. Reversals to the convictions began in 1997 and continued to 1999.
    (WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A26)

1995        Sep, The US warned Bosnia to desist from an offensive against the Serb stronghold of Banja Luka.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995        Sep, A global treaty that barred rich countries from dumping toxic waste in the Third World went into effect.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.C1)
1995        Sep, Chen Xitong, former mayor of Beijing, was stripped of his seat on the Politburo.
    (SFC, 9/10/97, p.A9)
1995        Sep, Bob Denard, a French mercenary soldier, and accomplices overthrew Comoran President Mohammed Djohar, and put opposition leaders Mohammed Taki and Said-Ali Kemal in power in the Indian Ocean state. The French army intervened in October under bilateral accords with the Comoros islands, a former French colony, and captured the mercenaries.  In 2006 Denard was found guilty for his part in the coup and given a suspended five-year prison sentence. His 26 accomplices were found guilty but were given suspended sentences or were not penalized.
    (Reuters, 6/20/06)
1995        Sep, In India N. Chandrababu Naidu took power in Andhra Pradesh state from his father-in-law N.T. Rama Rao. Rao was the founder of the ethnic based Telugu Desam Party. www.andrhapradesh.com
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)
1995        Sep, The 500-year-old body of a young Inca girl was found frozen near the summit of Mt. Ampato, Peru, by American archeologist Johan Reinhard. In 2005 Reinhard authored “The Ice Maiden: Inca Mummies, Mountain Gods, and the Sacred Sites in the Andes."
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A8)(Arch, 5/05, p.51)
1995        Sep, Human footsteps that dated back some 186,000 years were discovered along Langebaan Lagoon some 60 miles north of Cape Town, South Africa.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)
1995        Sep, German physicists created the first atoms of antimatter for 40 billionths of a sec. in Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 1/5/96, p.A1)
1995        Sep, In Israel Adel Kaadan, an Arab with Israeli citizenship, filed suit when he was not allowed to move into a Jewish cooperative at Katsir.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A15)
1995         Sep, A Fokker-50 operated by a Malaysian airline crashed on arrival at Tawau, Malaysia airport, killing 34 people. The plane touched down 500 yards short of the runway, pulled up and crashed into a shantytown.
    (AP, 2/10/04)
1995        Sep, In Northern Ireland David Trimble became the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party. He favored a stable government within Northern Ireland and cooperation with the Irish Republic.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)
1995        Sep, In Tibet Ngawang Choepel, a musician on a Fullbright scholarship, was arrested on grounds of espionage. He had arrived as a Chinese citizen to make a documentary on folk music and dance.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)

1995        Oct 1, Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman, a blind Egyptian cleric accused of leading a "war of urban terrorism" against US cities, was convicted with nine other defendants of seditious conspiracy by a federal jury in New York.
    (WSJ, 10/2/95, P.A3)(AP, 10/1/00)
1995        Oct 1, France detonated another nuclear device, 5 times more powerful than the last one, on Fangatouga Atoll in the South Pacific.
    (WSJ, 10/2/95, P.A1)
1995        Oct 1, An earthquake in southwestern Turkey killed about 90 people.
    (AP, 10/1/00)

1995        Oct 2, O.J. Simpson’s jurors stunned the courtroom and the nation by reaching verdicts in the sensational eight-month murder trial in less than four hours. The decision was kept secret until the following day, when it was announced that Simpson had been acquitted. Simpson was acquitted in the double-murder of his wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)(AP, 10/2/00)

1995        Oct 3, A public government report cited US government biological and chemical experiments and called the events "a dark period in our history."
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A15)
1995        Oct 3, The jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial found the former football star innocent of the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman. Simpson was later found liable in a civil proceeding. The verdict, reached Oct 2, was announced Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)
1995        Oct 3, In Texas three young crooks stole a suitcase from a walk-in storage locker in North Austin. The suitcase contained some $80,000 in coins stashed by Gary Karr, David Roland Waters and Danny Raymond Fry, who were implicated in the disappearance of atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A7)
1995        Oct 3, Pres. Gligorov (1917-2012), leader of Macedonia, was critically hurt in a car bomb attack in Skopje, Macedonia. The bomb, which targeted his car as he headed to work in the capital, cost him an eye and killed his driver and a bystander.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(AP, 1/2/12)
1995        Oct 3, The Sri Lankan army claimed to have killed 200 Tamil Tiger rebels on the northern Jaffa peninsula.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A1)

1995        Oct 4, Pope John Paul the Second arrived in the United States for a five-day visit.
    (AP, 10/4/00)
1995        Oct 4, Hurricane Opal battered the Florida panhandle.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

1995        Oct 5, Seamus Heaney won the Nobel Prize in literature. His poetic works portray the pain of sectarian strife and growing up in a Roman Catholic farming family. His works include: "Death of a Naturalist" (1966), "Door into the Dark" (1969), "North" (1975), "Field Work" (1979), "The Spirit Level" (1996) and the Nobel lecture "Crediting Poetry."
    (WSJ, 10/6/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.8)
1995        Oct 5, Pres. Clinton announced that a cease-fire was agreed on in Bosnia to start on Oct 10, and that combatants would attend talks in the US. Bosnia’s combatants agreed to a 60-day cease-fire and new talks on ending their three and a-half years of battle.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/5/00)
1995        Oct 5, Hurricane Opal killed 15 people in the Florida Panhandle and caused $1.8 bil in insured property damages.
    (WSJ, 10/6/95, p.A1)
1995        Oct 5, In Xaman village, Guatemala, 11 war refugees were killed by government soldiers. In 1999 25 soldiers were convicted for homicide. 12 soldiers were sentenced to 5 years in prison and the rest to 4 years already served. In 2004 an officer and 13 soldiers were each sentenced to 40 years in prison for the Xaman massacre of recently returned civil war refugees.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.C1)(AP, 7/9/04)

1995        Oct 6, President Clinton delivered an address in which he defended his stewardship of US foreign policy and spoke out against what he said was a spreading mood of isolationism.
    (AP, 10/6/00)
1995        Oct 6, Boeing Company’s largest group of union workers went on a 69-day strike after voting down a new three-year contract offer.
    (AP, 10/6/00)

1995        Oct 7, New York’s Central Park was transformed into a giant open-air cathedral as Pope John Paul the Second celebrated Mass before a flock of 130,000.
    (AP, 10/7/00)
1995        Oct 7, A 7.0 earthquake killed 80-100 people on Indonesia's island of Sumatra.
    (WSJ, 10/9/95, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/00)

1995        Oct 8, On the final day of his fourth US pilgrimage, Pope John Paul the Second celebrated Mass at Oriole Park in Baltimore.
    (AP, 10/8/00)
1995        Oct 8, Christopher Keene, conductor and musician, died at 48.

1995        Oct 9, The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to Edward Lewis of Caltech, Eric Wieschaus of Princeton, and Christiane Nuesslein-Volhard of Germany's Max Planck Inst. They all studied genes in relation to embryonic development. They unraveled the developmental genetics of the fruit fly Drosophila and discovered homologs of the same genes in vertebrates.
    (WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A1)(NH, 2/97, p.70)
1995        Oct 9, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan and former NAACP exec. Benjamin Chavis propose to lead a march of black men, "the million man march," on Washington DC on Oct. 16.
    (WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A1)(SFC, 2/25/97, p.A10)
1995        Oct 9, Saboteurs pulled 29 spikes from a stretch of railroad track, causing an Amtrak train to derail in Arizona; one person was killed and about 100 were injured.
    (AP, 10/9/00)   
1995        Oct 9, An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude shakes Mexico's Pacific coast killing at least 90 in southern Jalisco state. An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 shook the west coast of Mexico, killing 51 people.
    (WSJ, 10/10/95, p.A1)(AP, 10/9/00)

1995        Oct 10, World chess champion Garry Kasparov won a month-long championship match against Viswanathan Anand.
    (AP, 10/10/00)
1995        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in Economic Science was awarded to Robert E. Lucas of the Univ. of Chicago for his theory of "rational expectations." He demonstrated how people’s fears and expectations can frustrate policymakers’ efforts to shape the economy.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A1)(AP, 10/10/00)
1995        Oct 10, The Nobel Prize in chemistry was won by Mario Molina of MIT, Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012) of UC Irvine, & Dutch scientist Paul Crutzen for the study of Earth's ozone layer and their controversial work warning that gases once used in spray cans and other items were eating away Earth’s ozone layer.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(AP, 10/11/00)(SFC, 3/13/12, p.A6)
1995        Oct 10, The Nobel physics prize went to Martin Perl of Stanford and Frederick Reines (d.1998 at 80) of UC Irvine for discovering the subatomic neutrino particle. Perl helped discover the tau lepton in 1975, a particle that resembles an electron but is 30,000 times heavier.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A7)(SFC, 8/28/98, p.D7)
1995        Oct 10, Israel began a West Bank pullback and freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners.
1995        Oct 10, Paolo Gucci (64), Italian entrepreneur and accessories designer, died.

1995        Oct 11, Ten Republican presidential candidates used their first televised forum to politely compete for support in the New Hampshire primary.
    (AP, 10/11/00)
1995        Oct 11, O.J. Simpson backed out of his live interview with NBC Dateline just hours before air time.
    (AP, 10/11/00)
1995        Oct 11, In Bosnia a cease-fire was declared.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995        Oct 12, After a 2-day delay, the US-brokered cease-fire in Bosnia-Herzegovina went into effect a minute after midnight. Fighting continued over contested towns in northwest Bosnia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 10/12/00)

1995        Oct 13, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Polish-born British physicist Joseph Rotblat (1908-2005) and the Pugwash Conferences (begun in Canada in 1957) for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Rotblat)(AP, 10/13/00)(SFC, 9/2/05, p.B5)(WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A1)
1995        Oct 14, The Atlanta Braves won the National League pennant by beating the Cincinnati Reds, 6-to-0, to complete a four-game sweep.
    (AP, 10/14/00)
1995        Oct 14, In Mississippi Rhonda Hatten Griffis (28), a mother of two, was found dead at her home in Petal. Larry Matthew Puckett, a local landscaper, was convicted of her murder in 1996 and sentenced to death. Puckett said it was David Griffis who murdered his wife with the club after accusing her of having an affair. Puckett (35) was executed on March 20, 2012.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7nsuodd)
1995        Oct 14, An armed gunman seized a bus carrying South Korean tourists in Moscow’s Red Square. Commandos stormed the bus the next day, killing the gunman and freeing four remaining hostages.
    (AP, 10/14/00)

1995        Oct 15, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to British physicist Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics.
    (WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A1)
1995        Oct 15, Six Israeli soldiers were killed in Israeli-occupied southern Lebanon in an ambush blamed on the Iranian-backed group Hezbollah.
    (AP, 10/15/00)

1995        Oct 16, A vast throng of black men gathered in Washington D.C. for the "Million Man March," "A Day of Atonement," led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(HN, 10/16/98)
1995        Oct 16, In California the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory released a $450,000 story that said leaks from underground gas storage tanks were not as bad as once believed. The tests did not include the effects of MTBE in leaking into ground water.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A9)
1995        Oct 16,  Ethnic riots continued for a second day in Nairobi, capital of Kenya, between the Luos and the Nubians.
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995        Oct 16, Bosnian Serb leader Karadzic fired four generals for battlefield losses. Appeals were made to Serbian leader Milosevic for protection.
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A1)
1995        Oct 16-18, Richard Holbrooke and other international mediators met in Moscow and traveled to the main capitals of the former Yugoslavia. The US named the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, as the site for the peace talks.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Oct 17, The Cleveland Indians won the American League pennant by defeating the Seattle Mariners, 4-to-0, in game six of their playoff series.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1995        Oct 17, President Clinton told wealthy contributors at a Houston fund-raiser that "you think I raised your taxes too much. It might surprise you to know that I think I raised them too much, too"— a statement that drew criticism from both Republicans and Democrats.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1995        Oct 17, The gasoline additive MTBE showed up in a second drinking water well in Santa Monica. The city was later forced to shut down half of its water well supply due to MTBE.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A10)
1995        Oct 17, A bomb exploded aboard a Paris subway car, wounding 29 people.
    (AP, 10/17/00)
1995        Oct 17, In Sri Lanka the army started the 1st phase of an effort to take full control of the Jaffna peninsula. Shelling and bombing against civilians often occurred.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Oct 18, President Clinton, facing political fallout for telling financial contributors that "I raised your taxes too much," said he had no regrets about the tax increase package he’d signed into law in 1993.
    (AP, 10/18/00)

1995        Oct 19, Ignoring a veto threat, the US House passed a Republican plan for overhauling Medicare by raising premiums for the elderly and disabled and saving billions from hospital and doctor fees.
    (AP, 10/19/00)
1995        Oct 19, Firefighters in western China extinguished a 100 year old blaze in an untapped coal deposit and saved 5.5 mil. tons of coal reserves in the Baiyanghe mine in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. The fire had consumed 300,000 tons of coal a year.
    (WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A1)
1995        Oct 19, Croatian leader Tudjman said he will hold forces back from a Serb held area of Croatia during peace talks.
    (WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A1)

1995        Oct 20, France, the United States and Britain announced a treaty banning atomic blasts in the South Pacific—but only after France finished testing there the following year.
    (AP, 10/20/00)
1995        Oct 20,  Space shuttle "Columbia" was launched on a research flight that had been delayed six times.
    (AP, 10/20/00)
1995        Oct 20, NATO Secretary General Willy Claes resigned to face corruption charges in his native Belgium. He later received a three-year suspended jail sentence.
    (AP, 10/20/00)

1995        Oct 20, Tiger guerrillas blew up two oil depots in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1995        Oct 20, France's Pres. Chirac to meet Zeroual, the Algerian military ruler, despite recent bombings in France.
    (WSJ, 10/20/95, p. A1)

1995        Oct 21, The Atlanta Braves won game one of the World Series, defeating the visiting Cleveland Indians 3-to-2.
    (AP, 10/21/00)
1995        Oct 21, Rioting inmates surrendered control of a prison dormitory in Greenville, Illinois, ending a one-day uprising that began after the government ordered federal prisons locked down nationwide.
    (AP, 10/21/00)
1995        Oct 21, Maxene Andrews of the Andrews Sisters died in Hyannis, Massachusetts, at age 79.
    (AP, 10/21/00)

1995        Oct 22, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians, 4-3, to win the first two games of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
1995        Oct 22, President Clinton, campaigning in San Francisco for California Democrats, demanded that schools expel gun-toting students after earlier accusing Republicans of plotting to gut his education package.
    (AP, 10/22/00)
1995        Oct 22, The largest gathering of world leaders in history marked the 50th anniversary of the United Nations.
    (AP, 10/22/05)
1995        Oct 22, Sir Kingsley Amis (73), British novelist and poet, died in London. His 25 novels included “Lucky Jim" (1954) and “The Green Man" (1969). His work also included "The King’s English: A Guide to Modern Usage" and 6 volumes of verse. In 1998 Eric Jacobs published the biography "Kingsley Amis." In 2000 his son, Martin Amis, authored the memoir: "Experience." In 2007 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Kingsley Amis." In 2007 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Kingsley Amis."
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)(SFEC, 5/28/00, BR p.1)(AP, 10/22/05)(SSFC, 4/22/07, p.P10)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.96)

1995        Oct 23, President Clinton met with Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Hyde Park, New York; the leaders agreed that Russian troops would help enforce peace in Bosnia, but remained deadlocked on the issue of NATO command.
    (AP, 10/23/00)
\1995        Oct 23, The US Congress passed the Jerusalem Embassy Act, effective as of Nov 8, 1995, calling for the US embassy to be moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. As of 2017 every US president since has signed a national security waiver suspending the act.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.74)
1995        Oct 23, A jury in Houston convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena.
    (AP, 10/23/00)

1995        Oct 24, The Cleveland Indians got their first victory in the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves 7-to-6 in game three.
    (AP, 10/24/00)
1995        Oct 24, President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin met in New York, trying to stabilize relations shaken by disputes over human rights, trade and Taiwan.
    (AP, 10/24/00)

1995        Oct 25, "Victor/Victoria," opened at Marquis Theater NYC for 738 performances.
1995        Oct 25, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians 5-to-2, taking a three-games-to-one lead in the World Series.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1995        Oct 25, John J. Sweeney was elected AFL-CIO president. He soon pledged to his 13 million members “We will not be a rubber stamp of the Democrats."
    (AP, 10/25/00)(Econ, 5/14/05, p.32)
1995        Oct 25, A commuter train slammed into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1995        Oct 25, Tennis hustler Bobby Riggs died in Leucadia, California, at age 77.
    (AP, 10/25/00)
1995        Oct 25, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger rebels struggled to halt an army offensive in their Jaffna stronghold.
    (WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A1)

1995        Oct 26, The US House passed, 227-to-203, a Republican balanced-budget bill that would shrink the federal government, cut taxes and return power to the states.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1995        Oct 26, The Cleveland Indians won their second game of the World Series by defeating the Atlanta Braves, 5-to-4, in game five.
    (AP, 10/26/00)
1995        Oct 26, In California Deborah Sammons (40) was raped and murdered by Robert Bacon. He had been hired to murder Deborah by her husband Charles Sammons, who later pleaded guilty to non-capital murder and was sentenced to 25 years in prison. In 2010 the California state Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for Bacon.
    (SFC, 10/22/10, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/23r33e5)
1995        Oct 26, Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shakaki was shot to death on the Mediterranean island of Malta in a killing his supporters blamed on Israel.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.17A)(AP, 10/26/05)

1995        Oct 27, The Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park in Washington unveiled an exhibition called Think Tank. The exhibit demonstrated learning and thinking by live animals.
    (NH, 8/96, p.26)
1995        Oct 27, William Kreutzer, US Army sergeant, opened fire on a field of 1300 soldiers at Fort Bragg, NC. He killed a fellow 82nd Airborne soldier, Major Stephen Badger and wounded several others. Defense lawyers in 1996 pleaded that he suffered from depression. He was convicted of pre-meditated murder on 6/11/96. The next day he was sentenced to death. His death sentence was later overturned. In 2009 Kreutzer pleaded guilty under a deal that could get him life in prison at most.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A2)(SFC, 6/12/96, p.A2)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.A2)(AP, 10/27/05)(SFC, 3/12/09, p.A6)
1995        Oct 27, Thousands rallied in Montreal for national unity three days before a referendum on whether Quebec should secede.
    (AP, 10/27/00)
1995        Oct 27, Former South Korean Pres. Roh Tae Woo confessed that he had created and maintained a political slush fund. Prosecutors had accused him of amassing some $492 million in secret accounts.
    (SFC, 8/26/96, p.A11)

1995        Oct 28, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians, 1-0, to win the World Series in Game 6.
    (AP, 10/28/00)
1995        Oct 28, The US Senate approved a GOP package of spending slashes and tax reductions, 52-to-47.
    (AP, 10/28/00)
1995        Oct 28, An 18-wheel truck plunged over an embankment outside Washington DC and spilled 100 gallons of sulfuric acid onto I-95. The driver, Tom Billings, had fallen asleep.
    (WSJ, 5/6/96, p.B-1)

1995          Oct 29, Terry Southern (b.1924), writer (Candy, The Magic Christian), died of respiratory failure in NYC. He wrote the screenplays for Dr. Strangelove (1964), The Cincinnati Kid (1966), Casino Royale (1967), Easy Rider (1969).
1995        Oct 29, Palestinians burned American and Israeli flags and swore revenge for the assassination of Dr. Fathi Shakaki, the leader of the radical Islamic Jihad and a top architect of terror attacks against Israel. Shakaki was gunned down three days earlier in Malta, reportedly by Israeli intelligence.
    (AP, 10/29/00)

1995        Oct 30, The people of Quebec rejected an independence referendum by a very narrow margin, 50.6% to 49.4%. It was the 2nd defeat in 15 years. The margin was 50,000 votes out of 5 million cast.
    (WSJ, 11/1/95, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A26)

1995        Oct 31, Stung by defeat in the secession referendum, Quebec Premier Jacques Parizeau said he would resign as head of the bitterly divided province at year’s end.
    (AP, 10/31/00)

1995        Oct, In Kewanee, Ill., Scott English, the boyfriend of Tabitha Pollock, killed Jami Pollock (3) as she and her mother slept. Tabitha Pollock, the mother, was later convicted of 1st degree murder for not preventing the murder and sentenced to 36 years in prison. In 2002 the state Supreme Court overturned the sentence. English was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.J3)
1995        Oct, In Pennsylvania Jonny Gammage died from asphyxiation when police officers subdued him following a traffic stop in Overbrook. In 1999 the Justice Dept. closed its case against the officers due to lack of evidence that they used unreasonable force.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A5)

1995        Oct, The Panama Declaration was signed by the US and 11 other tuna-producing countries. It permitted the purse seigning method with mandates that the fisherman assist dolphins in escaping from their tuna nets.
    (SFC, 7/30/97, p.A10)
1995        Oct, In Djibouti the half-burned body of French judge Bernard Borrel was found at the foot of a ravine 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the town of Djibouti. A former French military intelligence officer later testified that Borrel was investigating President Ismael Omar Guelleh, who was then a candidate for the top job.
    (AFP, 7/15/07)
1995        Oct, In Guatemala the government army led a massacre in the region of Chajul.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A9)
1995        Oct, Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor (b.1942) and Didier Queloz (b.1966) revealed that the spectrum of light from the star 51 Pegosi shifts on a regular 4.23-day period and concluded that the shifts were due to a nearby planet.
    (SFC, 2/27/97, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Mayor)
1995        Oct, Ramadan Abdullah Shallah took over as head of the Islamic Jihad, based in Damascus, Syria. From 1991 to 1995 Mr. Shallah had been a professor at Tampa’s Univ. of S. Florida and director of the World Islamic Studies Enterprise.
1995        Oct, Dr. Kataria organized a group of 5 people in Bombay to share jokes and laugh. The group grew to more than 100 laughing clubs across the country.
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.B1)

1995        Nov 1, The US House voted to ban so-called "partial birth" abortions by a vote of 288-to-139.
    (AP, 11/1/00)
1995        Nov 1, Bosnia peace talks for the countries of the former Yugoslavia were launched in Dayton, Ohio, with the leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia present.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/1/00)

1995        Nov 2, Daiwa Bank was expelled from the US after it was learned that it tried to cover-up illicit trades by bond trader Toshihide Iguchi who lost some $1.1 billion between 1984-1995. Mr. Iguchi was later sentenced to 4 years in prison and fined nearly $2.6 million.
    (WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A14)(AP, 11/2/00)
1995        Nov 2, A man claiming to have a bomb hijacked a school bus with 13 learning-disabled children aboard. He led authorities around Miami-area highways for an hour and a-half before being fatally shot by police.
    (AP, 11/2/00)
1995        Nov 2, In Colombia Alvaro Gomez Hurtado, head of the main opposition Conservative Party, was assassinated. In 1998 former Colonel Bernardo Ruiz was charged with the murder.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A13)

1995        Nov 3, President Clinton dedicated a memorial at Arlington National Cemetery to the 270 victims of the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
    (AP, 11/3/00)
1995        Nov 3, The US Labor Department reported the nation’s unemployment rate had edged down to five-point-five percent in October, a seven-month low.
    (AP, 11/3/00)
1995        Nov 3, Typhoon Angela killed at least 500 people in the northern Philippines and 200 were reported missing. Winds hit the main island of Luzon at 167 mph. Typhoon “Angela" ripped through the Philippines, killing more than 880 people.
    (WSJ,11/6/95, p.A-1)(AP, 11/3/00)

1995        Nov 4, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, 73 years old, was killed by a right-wing, 27 year old Israeli law student, Yigal Amir, at a Tel Aviv peace rally. Shimon Peres assumed the post of acting Prime Minister. His wife, Leah, published "Rabin: Our Life, His Legacy in 1997." It was later revealed the Amir was working under the influence of Avishai Raviv, an agent of the Shin Bet security service.
    (WSJ, 11/6/95, p.A1)(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/4/97)(SFC,11/6/97, p.D2)

1995        Nov 5, An endless procession of Israelis filed past the simple wooden coffin of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, who’d been assassinated the night before.
    (AP, 11/5/00)

1995        Nov 6, Michael Guillen published his "Five Equations That Changed the World." The book narrates the stories behind Newton's law of gravity, Daniel Bernoulli's law of hydrodynamic pressure, Michael Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, Rudolf Clausius's law of entropy, and Albert Einstein's law of mass-energy equivalence.
    (WSJ, 11/6/95, p. A20)
1995        Nov 6,  Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell announced plans to move his team to Baltimore.
    (AP, 11/6/00)
1995        Nov 6, The US Air Force launched the most powerful unmanned rocket, Titan 4, with a $1 bil. Milstar communications satellite for the defense dept.
    (WSJ, 11/7/95, p.A1)
1995        Nov 6, Funeral services were held in Jerusalem for assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. President Clinton led the US delegation; Arab dignitaries also attended, including Jordan’s King Hussein and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 11/6/00)

1995        Nov 7, In a Japanese courtroom, three American military men admitted to the ambush-rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan schoolgirl, an attack that outraged the Japanese and strained security ties between Japan and the US. The men later received prison sentences ranging from six and a-half to seven years.
    (AP, 11/7/00)
1995        Nov 7, John Patrick (b.1905), screenwriter, died.

1995        Nov 8, Retired General Colin Powell embraced the Republican Party, but said he would not run for president or any other political office in 1996 because it was "a calling that I do not yet hear."
    (AP, 11/8/00)
1995        Nov 8, An air force Fokker 27 crashed in central Argentina’s mountains and killed all 57 on board.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)

1995        Nov 9, In a pair of telephone interviews, O.J. Simpson told Associated Press reporter Linda Deutsch that people have supported rather than shunned him since his acquittal, and that he has learned that fame and wealth are illusions: "The only thing that endures is character."
    (AP, 11/9/00)
1995        Nov 9, Yasser Arafat made a secret trip to Israel to offer condolences to the widow of assassinated PM Rabin.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1995        Nov 9, Basdeo Panday began serving as the first Indo-Trinidadian prime minister of Trinidad & Tobago and continued to 2001. In Sep, 2002, he was charged with failing to include a London bank account in a statutory declaration of his assets.
    (Econ, 1/28/06, p.37)(Econ, 9/2/17, p.52)

1995        Nov 10, Dario Kordic, ex-chairman of the Croatian Party in Bosnia, and Gen’l. Tihomir Blaskic, former leader of the Bosnian Croat militia, were indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for commanding forces responsible that killed hundreds of Muslims in Central Bosnia in 1992-93.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)
1995        Nov 10, Searchers in Kathmandu, Nepal, rescued 549 hikers after a massive avalanche struck the Himalayan foothills, killing 24 tourists and 32 Nepalese.
    (AP, 11/10/00)
1995         Nov 10, In Nigeria the execution by hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa, and eight other members of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People was supervised by military govt. Col. Dauda Musa Komo. This prompted the threat of economic sanctions by the US and the EU. A government tribunal had sentenced environmental activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa, and three others to hang for murder. He denied the charges and led protests against oil activities and pollution in the Ogoniland region.
    (WSJ, 11/1/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 11/13/95, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)

1995        Nov 11, With a partial government shutdown looming, President Clinton and Republican congressional leaders clashed over Medicare and bickered over who to include in compromise budget talks.
    (AP, 11/11/00)
1995        Nov 11, Charles Scribner Jr. (b.1921), publisher, died.
1995        Nov 11, Choi Jong, a South Korean adventurer, began a walking trip across the Sahara Desert from Nouakchott, Mauritania.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A12)
1995        Nov 11, In Sri Lanka 2 rebel suicide bombers killed 15 people in Colombo in an unsuccessful attack on army headquarters.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1995        Nov 12, CBS replaced a special whistle blowing interview with Jeffrey Wigand, a former tobacco company scientist, with a watered down version of the story. The 1999 film "The Insider" was a dramatization of the incident.
    (SFEC, 10/24/99, DB p.54)
1995        Nov 12, The space shuttle "Atlantis" blasted off on a mission to dock with the Russian space station "Mir."
    (AP, 11/12/00)
1995        Nov 12, Israel’s ruling Labor Party unanimously approved Shimon Peres as its new leader, replacing slain Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
    (AP, 11/12/00)

1995        Nov 13, The US government braced for imminent partial shutdown as President Clinton vetoed one budget bill and prepared to reject another in a fiscal standoff with Republicans.
    (AP, 11/13/00)
1995        Nov 13, A car bomb killed 7 people, including five Americans, and injured about 60 at a military training facility in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T5)(AP, 11/13/00)   

1995        Nov 14, US Representative Enid Greene Waldholtz (Republican, Utah) filed for divorce from her husband, Joe, who was under federal investigation for possible campaign financing improprieties. Joe Waldholtz spent 22 months in federal prison.
    (AP, 11/14/00)
1995        Nov 14, Jack Finney (84), author (Body Snatchers, Time and Again), died of pneumonia.
1995        Nov 14, In Liberia extra-judicial killings left 7 soldiers dead. In 2012 a US immigration judge ordered George Boley (62), the former leader of the Liberian Peace Council, out of the country in upstate New York citing "credible reports" that Boley authorized the executions of seven of his soldiers on this day.
    (AFP, 2/7/12)
1995        Nov 14-1995 Nov 20, The US government instituted a partial shutdown, closing national parks and museums while government offices operated with skeleton crews.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)(AP, 11/14/00)   

1995        Nov 15, On the 2nd day of a government shutdown Monica Lewinsky and Pres. Clinton began a sexual relationship at the White House. The relationship lasted about 18 months.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A3)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A3)(SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1995        Nov 15, The space shuttle "Atlantis" docked with the orbiting Russian space station "Mir."
    (AP, 11/15/00)

1995        Nov 16, Refusing to yield, President Clinton threatened anew to veto the latest Republican offer to end a three-day partial government shutdown; Democrats savaged House Speaker Newt Gingrich for claiming Clinton had snubbed him recently aboard Air Force One.
    (AP, 11/16/00)
1995        Nov 16, Attorney General Janet Reno disclosed she has Parkinson’s disease.
    (AP, 11/16/00)
1995        Nov 16, Bosnian Serbs Radovan Karadzic and Gen’l. Ratko Mladic were again indicted for genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal for ordering the slaughter of Muslims after the takeover of Srebrenica.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A15)

1995        Nov 17, Pres. Clinton and Monica Lewinsky engaged in their 2nd sexual encounter. This occurred during a phone call to Rep. H. L. "Sonny" Callahan (R., Ala.) to secure his vote against an attempt to deny funds to commit troops in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/28/98, p.A28)
1995        Nov 17, The commander of US forces in the Pacific called the rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan girl "absolutely stupid" and said in Washington the incident could have been avoided if the US servicemen involved had simply paid for sex. Admiral Richard C.  Macke later apologized for his remarks, and took early retirement.
    (AP, 11/17/00)

1995        Nov 18, With no relief in sight from a budget impasse that forced a partial federal shutdown, the House rebelled against Republican leaders during a raucous Saturday session and voted to oppose formally adjourning the chamber until Monday. GOP leaders put the chamber into recess anyway.
    (AP, 11/18/00)
1995        Nov 18, Mike Foster was elected as the 53rd governor of Louisiana.

1995        Nov 19, The Clinton administration and Republican congressional leaders reached a deal to end a six-day budget standoff and resulting partial government shutdown.
    (AP, 11/19/00)
1995        Nov 19, A suicide bomber self-destructed in the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad and killed 15 others. 59 were wounded. Islamic militants opposed to the Cairo regime claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)(MC, 11/19/01)
1995        Nov 19, Polish President Lech Walesa was defeated in his bid for re-election.
    (AP, 11/19/00)

1995        Nov 20, Radio stations began airing a new Beatles recording, "Free As a Bird," which had debuted on ABC TV the night before.
    (AP, 11/20/00)
1995        Nov 20, US Federal employees, idled during a government shutdown, returned to their jobs.
    (AP, 11/20/00)
1995        Nov 20, The US FDA approved new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC.
1995        Nov 20, Olympic figure skating champion Sergei Grinkov (28) died of a heart attack in Lake Placid, New York.
    (AP, 11/20/00)
1995        Nov 20, BBC Television broadcast an interview with Princess Diana, who admitted being unfaithful to Prince Charles.
    (AP, 11/20/97)
1995        Nov 20, France conducted its 4th nuclear test at the Mururoa atoll in French Polynesia. [other news sources indicated a severe earthquake with the epicenter in the Red Sea]
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1)

1995        Nov 21, The Dow Jones Industrials in the US closed above 5000 for the first time to 5023.55.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1)(AP, 11/21/97)
1995        Nov 21, The Dayton Peace Accord, was initialed by the leaders of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia. US Sec. of State, Warren Christopher and chief mediator Richard Holbrooke manage to keep the parties talking for over 3 weeks to reach this agreement to end three and a-half years of ethnic fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. One year deployment of 20,000 US troops as one-third of a NATO peace keeping force was estimated to cost about $1.5 bil. The US also planned to contribute $600 mil over three years to help rebuild Bosnia.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1,3)(SFC, 10/6/00, p.A19)(AP, 11/21/00)
1995        Nov 21, In Mississippi Patty Milliken (38) disappeared after walking out of the Majik Mart convenience store where she worked to have a cigarette with William Mitchell in Biloxi. Mitchell was convicted of murder in 1998 and was executed on March 22, 2012.
    (SFC, 3/23/12, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/7wbfdsx)
1995        Nov 21, Former Nazi Capt. Erich Priebke was extradited from Argentina to Italy to face trial for his role in the Ardeatine Caves massacre. A court found him guilty in 1996 but released him because too much time had elapsed since the crime. There was a major uproar and he was again arrested and a 1997 trial convicted him and co-defendant Major Karl Hass. Priebke was sentenced to 5 years in prison. Hass was convicted but released due to mitigating circumstances.  face charges in the massacre of 335 Italian civilians in Nazi-occupied Rome.
    (AP, 3/23/97)(WSJ, 10/3/95, p.A-21) (WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A9)
    (AP, 11/21/02)
1995        Nov 21, France detonated a fourth underground nuclear blast at its test site in the South Pacific.
    (AP, 11/21/00)
1995        Nov 21, Israel granted citizenship to jailed US spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
1995        Nov 21-1995 Nov 28, In one week of sales, `The Beatles Anthology 1' beat sales record in the US: 855,473 copies. Previous record: Michael Jackson's `History', 391,000 copies.
    {Pop&Rock, Beatles}

1995        Nov 22, The Commerce Department reported the US trade deficit had narrowed to its lowest level in nine months.
    (AP, 11/22/00)
1995        Nov 22, John Putz (89), journalist, died.
1995        Nov 22, In Spain Juan Holgado (26), who dabbled in modeling and dreamt of playing pro soccer, was stabbed to death by robbers while working the graveyard shift at a gas station, filling in for a colleague as a favor. The four suspects were repeatedly picked up and released.
    (AP, 1/15/11)
1995        Nov 22, Acting swiftly to boost the Balkan peace accord, the UN Security Council suspended economic sanctions against Serbia and eased the arms embargo against the states of the former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 11/22/00)

1995        Nov 23, Free-lance photographer Charles Rathbun was booked in Hermosa Beach, Calif., for investigation of murder in the disappearance of model Linda Sobek. Rathbun was later convicted of Sobek's murder.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
1995        Nov 23, Movie director Louis Malle died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 63.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1995        Nov 23, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic grudgingly accepted the US-backed peace plan for the former Yugoslavia after meeting with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1995        Nov 23, A wave of violence in Haiti claimed at least 3 more deaths following President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Nov. 7 call for a disarmament campaign.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1995        Nov 24, The American Visionary Art Museum opened in Baltimore. It was founded by development consultant Rebecca Hoffberger (43), who succeeded in raising most of the $7.5 mil for the museum.
    (WSJ, 4/3/96, p.A20)(www.avam.org/stuff/whois.html)
1995        Nov 24, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic promised during a televised address to accept a U-S-brokered peace plan.
    (AP, 11/24/00)
1995        Nov 24, Voters in Ireland narrowly ended a 70-year ban on divorce and approved a constitutional amendment legalizing divorce and remarriage by 50.23%.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 11/24/00)

1995        Nov 25, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton appealed to America’s values and interests as he pleaded for support for the Bosnia peace agreement.
    (AP, 11/25/00)
1995        Nov 25, In Texas Victor Saldano and Mexican friend Jorge Chavez, drunk and high on crack cocaine, were seen holding Paul King at gunpoint in a parking lot. King (46) was abducted from a Plano supermarket, robbed and shot. In 1996 Saldano, an illegal alien from Argentina, was convicted and sentenced to death for the killing. In 2017 a federal court agreed to review the case.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yd5539n5)(AP, 6/29/17)
1995        Nov 25, Serbs in the Bosnian capital Sarajevo took to the streets by the thousands to protest the peace plan, vowing to fight to the death.
    (AP, 11/25/00)

1995        Nov 26, Senior US officials declared the Dayton treaty on Bosnia was final, rejecting demands from Bosnian Serbs that provisions relating to the future of Sarajevo be changed.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
1995        Nov 26, Two men set fire to a subway token booth in Brooklyn, N.Y., fatally burning the clerk inside.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
1995        Nov 26, Rebel jets bombed Kabul, the Afghan capital, killing 35 people and wounding 140 others.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

1995        Nov 27, President Clinton presented his case for sending 20,000 U.S. troops on a peacekeeping mission to Bosnia, saying in a prime-time address that "in the choice between peace and war, America must choose peace."
    (AP, 11/27/05)
1995        Nov 27, US House Speaker Newt Gingrich ruled out a 1996 presidential run.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

1995        Nov 28, President Clinton continued to press his case for sending 20,000 US ground troops to Bosnia. President Clinton signed a $6 billion road bill that ended the federal 55 mile-an-hour speed limit.
    (WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A1)(AP, 11/28/00)
1995        Nov 28, James Brady, former white house press secretary, suffered a heart attack.

1995        Nov 29, President Clinton opened a five-day European trip in London, where he met with Prime Minister John Major and addressed the British Parliament.
    (AP, 11/29/00)

1995        Nov 30, President Clinton became the first US chief executive to visit Northern Ireland, where he implored Roman Catholics and Protestants alike not to surrender to the impulses of "old habits and hard grudges."
    (AP, 11/30/00)
1995        Nov 30, It was reported that global warming over the last 100 years was measured to be one degree Fahrenheit.
    (WSJ, 11/30/95, p.B-12)
1995        Nov 30, Israeli soldiers fired on hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinians in the West Bank district of Nablus. In another incident 2 Israeli soldiers were wounded near the town of Jenin.
    (WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A1)

1995        Nov, The US coastguard posted its Deepwater Mission Analysis Report. This led to a $24 billion upgrade program of its ships and aircraft.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.32)(www.uscg.mil/deepwater/program/history.htm)
1995        Nov, The 32-story, 356-ft Landmark Hotel, legendary retreat of billionaire Howard Hughes in Las Vegas, was blown up by Control Demolition Inc.
    (SFC, PM, 4/28/96, p.4)
1995        Nov, It was reported that about 540,000 people will die of cancer this year in the US.
    (WSJ, 11/2/95, p.A12)
1995        Nov, Lebanese guerrillas of the Hezbollah fired rockets into northern Israel. Israeli warplanes retaliated by hitting rebel strongholds. Hezbollah or Party of God is the Iranian-backed political and military group that is fighting to dislodge Israeli soldiers from southern Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/96, p.1)
1995        Nov, Hun Sen, leader of the communist Cambodian People’s Party, arrested the sec. general of Funcinpec, Prince Norodom Sirivudh, and tried him for terrorism and coup plotting. The trial was a transparent mockery of justice.
    (WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A10)
1995        Nov, In China Bishop Zeng Jingmu (75) was arrested and sentenced to 3 years of re-education for holding unauthorized religious services in a home. His allegiance to the Vatican had already caused him 23 years in jail since the 1950s. He was released in 1998, 6 months early, prior to a visit by Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEC, 5/10/98, p.A24)
1995        Nov, The Barcelona Process, launched by Euro-Mediterranean Foreign Ministers, formed an innovative alliance based on the principles of joint ownership, dialogue and co-operation. It brings together the 27 Members of the European Union and 12 Southern Mediterranean states. Economic incentives and the strengthening of civil society were used to encourage reform.
    (http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/euromed/index_en.htm)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.68)
1995        Nov, In France weeks of chaos in the streets and paralysis to the railways began as Pres. Chirac tried to end the country’s “special regimes" for public sector pensions.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.57)
1995        Nov, In Mexico a congressional commission on government corruption was set up.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A9)
1995        Nov, In Peru Lori Helene Berenson, an American, was arrested on charges of aiding MRTA. She was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Also arrested was Nancy Gilvonio, wife of Nestor Cerpa, a Tupac Amaru rebel.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.A8)
1995        Nov, The government of the Seychelles Islands passed its Economic Development Act which provided immunity to investors who place $10 million in "approved" Seychelles investments. Perks include protection against seizure of assets and in some cases diplomatic passports.
    (WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A12)
1995        Nov, In South Africa the first McDonald’s restaurant opened in Johannesburg.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.B21)
1995        Nov, In Tanzania Pres. Benjamin William Mkapa took office after being elected president for 5 years in the country’s first multiparty vote and free elections in 30 years. Mkapa ruled to 2005.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)(Econ, 9/1/07, p.44)(Econ., 7/25/20, p.32)
1995        Nov, Zairean Tutsis in Masis were targeted by authorities, the army and the locals. They were forced to flee and many were massacred.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)

1995        Dec 1, Tens of thousands of people in Dublin, Ireland, warmly welcomed President Clinton to his ancestral homeland.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1995        Dec 1, The NATO alliance chose Spanish Foreign Minister Javier Solana be its new secretary general.
    (AP, 12/1/00)

1995        Dec 2, In Baumholder, Germany, President Clinton told four-thousand American troops who were on their way to Bosnia-Herzegovina for peacekeeping duty to strike "immediately and with decisive force" if threatened.
    (AP, 12/2/00)
1995        Dec 2, NASA launched a US-European observatory on a one billion-dollar mission to study the sun. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, SOHO, later detected rivers of charged particles flowing over the surface of the sun and sunquakes. In 2003 a motor failure crippled a high-gain antenna.
    (SFC, 9/4/98, p.A3)(AP, 12/2/00)(BS, 6/26/03, 3A)
1995        Dec 2, Robertson Davies, Canadian writer, died. His book "The Merry Heart: Reflections on Reading, Writing and the World of Books" was published posthumously in 1997. His 11 novels included "Fifth Business," "What's Bred in the Bone," "The Lyre of Orpheus" and “The Cunning Man." Just before his death he finished a libretto for the opera "The Golden Ass" based on the Metamorphoses by Apuleius.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, BR p.1)(WSJ, 5/14/99, p.W8)(WSJ, 2/25/06, p.P6)

1995        Dec 3, President Clinton, wrapping up a five-day European trip, authorized a vanguard of 700 American troops to open a risky mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 12/3/00)
1995        Dec 3, The US and Europe signed a trans-Atlantic trade and security accord in Madrid, Spain.
    (WSJ, 12/4/95, p.A9)
1995        Dec 3, Former South Korean president Chun Doo-hwan was arrested for his role in a 1979 coup that was followed by the most violent crackdown in the nation's history.
    (AP, 12/03/05)

1995        Dec 4, In Texas Diane Zamora and David Graham, high school sweethearts, killed Adrienne Jones (16). It was alleged that Jones and Graham had had sex and the murder was reported as an appeasement to Zamora. Graham went on to the Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs. The murder remained a mystery until Zamora confided her story to classmates at the Annapolis Naval Academy in Sep 1996. Zamora later testified that Graham shot and killed Jones. Zamora was convicted in Feb, 1998, and received a life sentence with possible parole after 40 years. Graham was convicted in July, 1998, and received an automatic life sentence.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/98, p.A3)(SFC, 2/18/98, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
1995        Dec 4, In a near-freezing drizzle, the first NATO troops landed in the Balkans to begin setting up a peace mission that brought American soldiers into the middle of the Bosnian conflict.
    (AP, 12/4/00)

1995        Dec 5, In the first hint of movement at the budget talks, White House officials and Democratic congressional leaders said they were preparing a seven-year budget-balancing plan.
    (AP, 12/5/00)
1995         Dec 5, Stanley Keith Runcorn (73), a professor in geophysics, was killed by Paul Bradford Cain (26), a kickboxer, at the Hotel San Diego. Cain was convicted in 1997 of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.A20)
1995        Dec 5, Former South Korean president Roh Tae-woo, four aides and a dozen top businessmen were indicted in a bribes-for-favors scandal.
    (AP, 12/5/00)

1995        Dec 6, President Clinton vetoed a seven-year Republican budget-balancing plan.
    (AP, 12/6/00)
1995        Dec 6, The US House ethics committee sent a highly critical letter to House Speaker Newt Gingrich, saying he had committed three ethics violations.
    (AP, 12/6/00)
1995        Dec 6, New York Times columnist James Reston died in Washington at age 86.
    (AP, 12/6/00)
1995        Dec 6, Dmitri Antonovich Volkogonov (67), ex-Soviet soldier and historian, died. He wrote biographies of Stalin, Lenin and Trotsky based on archival material of the Soviet Union. From 1991 until his death he was the head of the Russian Archive Declassifying Commission.
    (www.msu.edu/~daggy/cop/bkofdead/obits-vo.htm)(SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.4)

1995        Dec 7, Under Republican pressure, President Clinton reluctantly presented a seven-year balanced-budget plan that was quickly criticized by GOP lawmakers.
    (AP, 12/7/00)
1995        Dec 7, Bill Gates announced Microsoft’s Internet counterattack on Netscape and the browser market.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)
1995        Dec 7, A 746-pound probe from the Galileo spacecraft hurtled into Jupiter's atmosphere, sending back data to the mothership before it was presumably destroyed.
    (WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/7/97)
1995        Dec 7, US paratrooper James N. Burmeister (21) shot and killed Jackie Burden and Michael James. He was convicted on Feb 27, 1997 of 1st degree murder and conspiracy in the hate crime and faced the death penalty. The jury deadlocked 11 to 1 in favor of death so the judge sentenced him to 2 consecutive life terms in prison. He will have to serve at least 50 years before becoming eligible for parole. Malcolm Wright, a fellow soldier, was also charged in the murders and convicted on May 2, 1997.
    (SFC, 2/28/97, p.A24)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.A3)
1995        Dec 7, 5000 Serbs protested in Serajevo against the US brokered peace accord. They were opposed to control by the Bosnian-Croat federation.
    (WSJ, 12/8/95, p.A1)

1995        Dec 8, In New York, an arsonist killed seven workers and himself at a Harlem clothing store that had been the target of a racially charged lease dispute.
    (AP, 12/8/00)
1995        Dec 8, Four months after the death of founder Jerry Garcia, The Grateful Dead announced it was breaking up after 30 years of making music.
    (AP, 12/8/00)
1995         Dec 8, There was an accident at the Japanese Monju prototype fast-breeder nuclear reactor in the Fukui Prefecture that forced closure. Two tons of non-radioactive, but violently reactive liquid sodium leaked from the cooling system. Japan had 51 nuclear power plants that produced 33.8% of its energy needs.
    (WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A7)(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A12)

1995        Dec 9, Rep. Kweisi Mfume (the Swahili name means conquering son of kings), D-Md., was chosen to head the NAACP.
    (WSJ, 12/11/95, p.A-1)(AP, 12/9/97)
1995        Dec 9, Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan (b.1927), legendary American aviator, died.

1995        Dec 10, The first group of US Marines arrived in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo to join NATO soldiers sent to enforce peace in former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 12/10/00)

1995        Dec 11, Utah Congresswoman Enid Greene Waldholtz held an emotional news conference in which she publicly addressed the scandal surrounding her personal and campaign finances and blamed the mess on her estranged husband, Joe.
    (AP, 12/11/00)
1995        Dec 11, The Malden Mills textile manufacturing plant in Lawrence, Mass., burned down. Owner Aaron Feuerstein retained all his employees on full pay until the plant was rebuilt. The plants manufactured Polartec and Polarfleece synthetic fabrics.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, Par p.4)

1995        Dec 12, By only three votes, the US Senate killed a constitutional amendment giving Congress authority to outlaw flag burning and other forms of desecration against Old Glory.
    (AP, 12/11/00)
1995        Dec 12, Willie Brown beat incumbent mayor Frank Jordon to become the first African-American mayor of San Francisco. California Assembly Speaker Willie Brown was elected mayor of San Francisco in a victory over Frank Jordan 57 to 43%.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 6/14/98, p.A16) (HN, 12/12/98)
1995        Dec 12, Two French airmen shot down over Bosnia arrived home after nearly four months as captives of the Bosnian Serbs.
    (AP, 12/11/00)

1995        Dec 13, As President Clinton flew to Paris to attend the signing of the Bosnian peace accord, Congress gave him partial backing for his Bosnia policy.
    (AP, 12/13/00)
1995        Dec 13, Chinese democracy activist Wei Jingsheng, who had already spent 16 years in prison, was sentenced to 14 more. In Nov 1997, Beijing granted Wei medical parole to travel to the United States for treatment.
    (AP, 12/13/97)
1995        Dec 13, Four hostages: Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert, who were seized in July by Kashmir guerillas, who called themselves Al Faran, were killed. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian authorities.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)

1995        Dec 14, Shelley Davis, historian for the IRS for the last 7 years, resigned in protest of the way the agency was handling its records. The IRS decided to eliminate the position of historian.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A1)
1995        Dec 14, Microsoft and NBC announced a joint venture to create MSNBC, a cable channel and Web site devoted to breaking news. In 2005 NBC raised its stake to 82%.
1995        Dec 14, AIDS patient Jeff Getty received the first-ever bone-marrow transplant from a baboon. The experimental procedure at a San Francisco hospital was criticized by animal rights activists. The transplant failed, but Getty survived.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
1995        Dec 14, A way to genetically improve resistance to leaf blight in rice plants was reported found by scientists.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A1)
1995        Dec 14, An agreement for peace in Bosnia, reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, was formally signed. Presidents Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia signed the Bosnian peace treaty in Paris. The agreement divided Bosnia into 2 autonomous territories and granted 51% of Bosnia to the Muslim-Croat federation and 49% to the Serbs (Republika Srpska). Elections were scheduled and a force of 60,000 Western troops was planned for deployment. A 3-member presidency and a national parliament was also part of the plan. The office of High Representative was created to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/14/00)(www.ohr.int/)
1995        Dec 14, Heavy fighting erupts in Gudermes, Chechnya, when rebels disrupted Kremlin-imposed elections. At least 267 Chechen civilians were reported killed in the following 10 days.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1995        Dec 15, President Clinton defied a deadline for turning over a former aide’s Whitewater notes, prompting a deeply divided Senate investigative committee to vote to challenge him in federal court. The White House agreed six days later to turn over the notes.
    (AP, 12/15/00)
1995        Dec 15, The US stock market set a volume record of 636 million shares traded.
    (WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A1)
1995        Dec 15, Louis Monier of Digital Equipment Corp. unveiled the Alta Vista search engine. It used several hundred “spiders" in parallel to index the web. The engine was co-invented by Paul Andrew Flaherty (1964-2006) of DEC. Alta Vista faded with the rise of Google and was acquired by Yahoo in 2003 as part of a $1.7 billion purchase of Overture Services. In 2013 Yahoo announced the closure of Alta Vista.
    (Econ, 9/18/04, TQ p.33)(SFC, 3/24/06, p.B5)(SFC, 7/9/13, p.D2)
1995        Dec 15, French rail workers voted to end a three-week-old strike.
    (AP, 12/15/00)

1995        Dec 16, President Clinton and congressional Republicans traded accusations as their budget impasse led to a second shutdown of the federal government.
    (AP, 12/16/00)

1995        Dec 17, This year's British Booker Prize in literature was awarded to Pat Barker for "The Ghost Road," the third novel of a trilogy (1991-1995) that work focused on psychologist W.H.R. Rivers and poet Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967) set during WW I.
    (www.contemporarywriters.com/authors/?p=auth15)(WSJ, 10/15/97, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A12)
1995        Dec 17 Eritrea used its warships to try to seize a disputed island in the mouth of the Red Sea from Yemen. Yemen sent warplanes to counter the attack.
    (WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A1)
1995        Dec 17, Angry voters handed Russian President Boris Yeltsin a stinging rebuff as Communists and right-wing nationalists scored big wins in parliamentary elections on a platform of rolling back democratic reforms.
    (AP, 12/17/00)
1995        Dec 17, Isa Yusuf Alptekin (b.1901), exiled Uighur head of the Islamic Republic of East Turkestan (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China), died in Turkey.
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isa_Alptekin)

1995        Dec 18, The Dow industrials dropped 101.52 points, its biggest one-day loss in four years amid investor worries over the budget stalemate between Congress and President Clinton.
    (AP, 12/18/00)
1995        Dec 18, A powerful fertilizer bomb was found outside an Internal Revenue Service office in Reno, Nevada, but fizzled before its lit fuse could do much damage.
    (AP, 12/18/00)
1995        Dec 18, Queen Elizabeth asked Prince Charles and Diana to divorce.
1995        Dec 18, A chartered Zairean plane crashed in northern Angola killing 139 [141] people. Five people survived. The plane was a Lockheed Electra, an old plane with a capacity of 99. It was owned by Trans Service Airlift, a private company.
    (WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A1)

1995        Dec 19, The Federal Reserve cut a key interest rate, turning fears to cheers on Wall Street a day after the biggest one-day stock plunge in four years.
    (AP, 12/19/00)
1995        Dec 19, A gunman opened fire inside a Bronx, New York, shoe store, killing five people.
    (AP, 12/19/00)
1995        Dec 19, Yigal Amir, the confessed assassin of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, went on trial.
    (AP, 12/19/00)

1995         Dec 20, An American Airlines Boeing 757, Flight 965 jet crashed in Columbia with 164 people on board. Four survivors were reported. It smashed into a mountain near Cali enroute from Miami. It was later reported that pilots had entered an incorrect code for the approach to Cali.
    (WSJ, 12/22/95, p.A1)(SFC, 5/12/96, p.A14)(SFC, 4/18/00, p.A5)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1995        Dec 20, Three teenagers were found shot through the head on a remote logging road in Lane County, Oregon. One was a 15-year old girl, who was also raped. Later Jonathon Wayne Susbauer, 22, and Conan Wayne Hale, 20, were arrested. Authorities taped a confession by Hale while he confessed to a Roman Catholic priest. Catholic leaders in Portland have requested that the tape be destroyed.
    (SFC, 5/11/96, p.A3)
1995        Dec 20, In Bosnia-Herzegovina, NATO began its peacekeeping mission, taking over from the United Nations.
    (AP, 12/20/00)

1995        Dec 21, The House approved sweeping welfare reform which President Clinton said he would veto. He later signed a revamped version.
    (AP, 12/21/00)
1995        Dec 21, A train collision outside Cairo, Egypt, claimed 75 lives.
    (AP, 12/21/00)
1995        Dec 21, The city of Bethlehem passed from Israeli to Palestinian control.
    (AP, 12/21/97)

1995        Dec 22, The Senate approved a wide-ranging Republican plan to overhaul the nation’s welfare system, 52-to-47, but without enough votes to override President Clinton’s promised veto.
    (AP, 12/22/00)
1995        Dec 22, The Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Boligee, Ala., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Dec 22, Actress Butterfly McQueen, who’d played the scatterbrained slave Prissy in "Gone With the Wind," died at age 84.
    (AP, 12/22/00)

1995        Dec 23, The charred bodies of 16 members of a doomsday cult, the Order of the Solar Temple, were found outside Grenoble, France. The same cult lost 53 members in 1994 in ritual killings in Switzerland and Canada.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A1)(AP, 12/23/00)
1995         Dec 23, A fire killed 540, including 170 children, in Dabwali, India, 125 miles northwest of New Delhi when a tent ignited during a year-end school party.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(AP, 12/23/97)

1995        Dec 24, In a Christmas message to U.S. troops in Bosnia, President Clinton praised their peace mission to a land exhausted by war.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
1995        Dec 24, Fire broke out at the Philadelphia Zoo, killing 23 rare gorillas, orangutans, gibbons and lemurs.
    (AP, 12/24/05)
1995        Dec 24, British playwright John Osborne ("Look Back in Anger") died at age 65.
    (AP, 12/24/00)

1995        Dec 25, The Mt. Moriah Baptist Church in Hillsborough, N.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Dec 25, Dean Martin (b.1917), singer, comedian, actor, died at age 78 in Beverly Hills, Ca. In 1998 Brian Gunn published "Rat Pack Confidential: Frank, Dean, Sammy, Peter, Joey & the Last Great Show Biz Party," a biography of Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A1)(AP, 12/25/97)(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 7/5/98, BR p.5)
1995        Dec 25, An ailing Pope John Paul the Second cut short his traditional Christmas greetings, telling crowds he was fighting to regain his health.
    (AP, 12/25/00)
1995        Dec 25, In South Africa supporters of the Zulu nationalist Inkatha Freedom Party carried out a Christmas massacre where 18 supporters of the African National Congress (ANC) were killed in the KwaZulu-Natal province. 600 members of Inkatha, a Zulu nationalist group, were responsible. In 1998 5 of the 13 men convicted in the massacre were freed from prison.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 12/23/98, p.C2)

1995        Dec 26, Israel turned dozens of West Bank villages over to the Palestinian Authority in a smooth transfer of power.
    (AP, 12/26/00)
1995        Dec 26, Floods in eastern South Africa killed at least 130.
    (WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A1)
1995        Dec 26, Heavy snow covered much of Northern Europe and Japan.
    (WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A1)

1995         Dec 27, France set off a fifth nuclear bomb at a South Pacific Atoll.
    (WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A1)
1995        Dec 27, Israeli jeeps sped out of the West Bank town of Ramallah, capping a seven-week pullout giving Yasser Arafat control over 90 percent of the West Bank's 1 million Palestinian residents and one-third of its land.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

1995        Dec 28, President Clinton vetoed a $265 billion defense bill, saying it would waste money on an unneeded missile defense system. Congress failed to override the veto.
    (AP, 12/28/00)
1995        Dec 28, CompuServe obeyed a German order to suspend member access to 200 Internet newsgroups deemed pornographic.
    (AP, 12/28/00)

1995        Dec 29, Japan’s finance minister (Masayoshi Takemura) announced the resignation of the deputy finance minister (Kyosuke Shinozawa) over several scandals, including the ministry’s cover-up of trading losses at Daiwa Bank’s New York office.
    (AP, 12/29/00)

1995        Dec 30, A US military policeman, Martin John Begosh, became the first American injured in NATO’s fledgling Bosnia peace mission when his Humvee hit an anti-tank mine.
    (AP, 12/30/00)
1995        Dec 30, The Salem Baptist Church in Gibson Co., Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Dec 30, In China’s Inner Mongolia over 200 people demonstrated at the bookstore of Hada, founder of the Southern Mongolia Democratic Alliance. Hada was jailed in 1996 on charges of separatism and spying and sentenced to 15 years in jail.
    (SFC, 12/14/10, p.A2)

1995        Dec 31, Pres. Clinton and Monica Lewinsky engaged in their 3rd sexual encounter. By this time Lewinsky was a member of the staff of the Office of legislative Affairs.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)
1995        Dec 31, In Algeria Ahmed Ouyahia began serving as Prime Minister and held that position until December 1998. He resigned following the election of Abdelaziz Bouteflika as President.
1995        Dec 31, The first US tanks crossed a pontoon bridge over the Sava River from Croatia to Bosnia to start the deployment of 20,000 US troops under IFOR, the Implementation Force under NATO command.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1995        Dec 31, Cartoonist Bill Watterson ended his "Calvin & Hobbes" comic strip.
1995        Dec 31, Bosnian government officials and Bosnian Serb leaders signed a UN-brokered cease-fire agreement.
    (AP, 12/31/00)
1995        Dec 31, Russian ground forces launched a ferocious assault on the Chechen capital of Grozny.
    (AP, 12/31/00)

1995        Dec, The US announced that it would withdraw from the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) by Jan 1, 1997.
    (SFC, 2/17/96, p.A14)
1995        Dec, Newt Gingrich was named "Man of the year" by Time Magazine.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A4)
1995        Dec, Digg, an Internet-based provider of content submitted by users, went live. Kevin Rose and Jay Adelson founded Digg.com, a web-based news site using collaborative editing to focus on news in technology.
    (SFC, 6/23/06, p.D5)(WSJ, 2/10/07, p.P4)
1995        Dec, In San Francisco the Coconut Grove nightclub under Sam Conti (1944-2009) filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Conti had opened the Van Ness street club earlier this year and retained control until the summer of 1966. The club closed in 1998. In the 1970s Conti had run a string of 5 night clubs in North Beach that included “encounter parlors" for tourists.
    (SFC, 9/3/96, p.D1,4)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.C4)
1995         Dec, A wave of strikes lasted weeks as the French government struggled to establish cuts to rein in its $65.5 bil. deficit. Led by the railroad workers, the strikes bring transport to a halt. France was attempting to restructure its finances in time to meet the deadline for European monetary union in 1999.
    (WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-12)(Econ, 9/22/07, p.63)
1995         Dec, France’s PM Alain Juppe backed down from a bid to force public sectors workers to work 40 years instead of 37.5 for full pension benefits. Cost cutting plans for the state railway are also set aside for re-negotiation.
    (WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A-10)
1995        Dec, India began a broad-based vaccination program against polio.
    (SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)
1995         Dec, In Russia the 450 seats of the Duma were divided into two parts: party and single seats. On the party side the Communist won 21.5% of the seats. Alexander Lebed was elected to the State Duma.
    (WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A1)(SFC, 10/18/96, A18)
1995        Dec, In Singapore Nick Leeson, responsible for the fall of Barings PLC, pleaded guilty to fraud and was sentenced to 6 ½ years in prison. He was released in 1999.
    (WSJ, 7/2/99, p.A10)
1995         Dec, Prime Minister Tansu Ciller, head of the True Path Party, quit after the Welfare Party, which pledged to impose Islamic principles, drew the largest number of votes in parliamentary elections (21%). The leader of the Welfare Party was Necmettin Erbakan. The Motherland leader was Mesut Yilmaz.
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A-1)(WSJ, 4/16/99, p.A12)
1995         Dec, Turkey grappled with an 11-year old Kurdish insurgency under President was Suleyman Demirel.
    (WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A-1)
1995        Dec, In the United Arab Emirates a Lebanese Christian man was flogged and imprisoned for marrying a Muslim citizen studying in the US. The couple had married in Lebanon.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.T9)

1995        Lucian Freud created his painting “Benefits Supervisor Sleeping." In 2008 it was auctioned for $33.6 million, making him the most expensive living artist.
    (WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W2)

1995        Younhee Paik, Korean artist, painted her oil on canvas "Mercy on US—Fullmoon."
    (SFEM, 1/12/97, DB p.19)

1995        Ann Harold Taylor began her painting "How to Save Your Own Life." The work was completed in 1998.
    (SFC, 4/1/00, p.B1)

1995        A group of 7 Swiss artists registered the domain name of Etoy.com with Network Solutions. In 1999 the toy company EToys.com sued the artists and forced them to shut their web site down. In 2003 Adam Wishart and Regula Bochsler authored: "Leaving Reality Behind: "Etoy vs. eToys.com & Other Battles to Control Cyberspace."
    (SSFC, 2/2/03, p.AM3)

1995        Amy Clampitt (1920-1994), American poet, had her last book of poetry published post-mortem: "A Silence Opens."
    (WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A17)

1995        Horton Foote’s play, "The Young Man From Atlanta," won the Pulitzer Prize.
    (WSJ, 4/4/97, p.A7)

1995        Scott Adams, cartoonist, wrote an essay for the WSJ that was later expanded to the best selling book "The Dilbert Principle," which stated that the most ineffective workers are systematically moved to the place where they can do the least amount of damage.
    (WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A16)

1995        Martin Amis authored his novel "The Information."
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W12)

1995        Sarah Paige Baty (d.1997 at 36) wrote "American Monroe: The Making of a Body Politic." It was a study of how mass media rendered the image of Marilyn Monroe." She also wrote the book: "Representative Women: Unsettling Portraits of Still Lives." In this work she explored the lives of 5 prominent 19th century women: Margaret Fuller, Ellen Craft, Louisa May Alcott, Clover Adams and Lydia Maria Child.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A20)

1995        Dr. Dennis R. Benjamin wrote "Mushrooms: Poisons and Panaceas, A Handbook for Naturalists, Mycologists and Physicians."
    (WSJ, 10/31/96, p.A21)

1995        C. Loring Brace published the 5th edition of his book: "The Stages of Human Evolution."
    (NH, 9/97, p.6)

1995        Thomas Cahill, Irish-American writer, authored “How the Irish Saved Civilization."
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.149)

1995        Thomas Childers authored "The Wings of Morning," stories of WW II airmen flying bombers. Parts were later copied by Stephen E. Ambrose for his 2001 best seller "The Wild Blue."
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A2)

1995        Oz Clarke, British wine writer, published his 1st "Wine Atlas."
    (SFC, 1/2/03, p.D5)

1995        David Cordingly authored “Under the Black Flag: The Romance & the Reality of Life Among the Pirates," a modern perspective on piracy.

1995        Silas Roy Crain (1911-1996) wrote "You Send Me: The Life and Times of Sam Cooke." It won the Ralph J. Gleason award as  best music book of the year.
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A17)

1995        Tia DeNora authored "Beethoven and the Construction of Genius."
    (WSJ, 1/17/02, p.A12)

1995        Estelle Ellis wrote "At Home with Books," a look at the home libraries of contemporary writers.
    (Hem, 4/96, p.105)

1995        Raphael Ezekiel authored “The Racist Mind: Portraits of American Neo-Nazis and Klansmen," a pioneering field based study of the lives and thinking of national leaders and ordinary members of neo-Nazi and Klan groups.
    (MT, summer 2003, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Racist_Mind)

1995        Jacques Foccart (1913-1997), architect of French policy in Africa, published "Foccart Speaks," a book on French policymaking in Africa under Charles de Gaulle.
    (SFC, 3/20/97, p.A24)

1995        Monica Furlong (d.2003 at 72), Christian writer and feminist, authored her autobiography: "Bird of Paradise."
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)

1995        Bill Gates, head of Microsoft Corp., authored “The Road Ahead."
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.78)

1995        Michael Gordon and Bernard Trainor published "The General's War: The Inside Story of the Conflict in the Gulf."
    (SFC, 5/4/99, p.D1)

1995        John Gray published "Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus," the highest selling nonfiction, hardback of the year (2.19 mil copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R21)

1995        John Grisham published "The Rainmaker," the highest selling fiction, hardback of the year (2.3 mil copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R21)

1995        Jonathan Harr published "A Civil Action." He sold the film rights to Robert Redford for $1.25 million. The film was released in 1998.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, DB p.49)

1995        Nick Hornby (b.1957), British writer, authored his novel “High Fidelity," about the fiercely snobby people who sold music. It adapted into a feature film in 2000 and a Broadway musical in 2006. In 2003, the novel was listed on the BBC's survey The Big Read.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Fidelity_%28novel%29)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.76)

1995        Will Hutton authored “The State We’re In," his analysis of British capitalism.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.63)

1995        The book “A Passion for Success," by Kazuo Inamori, founder of the Japanese technology group Kyocera, was published in English.

1995        Kevin Jackson authored his "Oxford Book of Money."
    (WSJ, 10/9/98, p.W13)

1995        Abu-Jamal, in a Pennsylvania jail for a 1981 murder conviction, published "Live from Death Row."
    (SFC, 1/22/99, p.A2)

1995        Ryszard Kapyscinski (b.1932), Polish journalist, authored “Imperium," a book about the crumbling Soviet empire.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.60)

1995        Brewster Kneen authored “Invisible Giant: Cargill and Its Transnational Strategies." A 2nd edition came out in 2002.
    (Econ, 9/2/17, p.53)

1995        Lawrence Krauss wrote "The Physics of Star Trek."
    (NH, 6/96, p.9)

1995        David Kynaston (b.1951), British historian, authored volume one of his 4-volume work “The City of London: A World of Its Own, 1815–90." Volume 4 came out in 2002. In 2011 it became available in a shortened single volume.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.149)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Kynaston)

1995        Tim LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins authored the 1st volume of the "Left Behind" series. The 12 and final volume, “Glorious appearing: The End of Days," was published in 2004. [see 1998]
    (Econ, 4/17/04, p.31)

1995        Christopher Lasch authored “The Revolt of the Elites and the Betrayal of Democracy."
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.72)

1995        Frederick P. Lenz (d.1998 at 48), a self-styled spiritual and computer guru, published his novel "Surfing the Himalayas," about a snowboarder who hooks up with an Eastern sage. He wrote "Snowboarding to Nirvana" in 1996.
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.A14)

1995        Hal Lindsey wrote "The Final Battle," a popular apocalyptic book among fundamentalist Christians.
    (SFC, 1/6/97, p.A4)

1995        Seymour Martin Lipset authored "American Exceptionalism," in which he outlined some of the laws and social features unique to America.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.6S)

1995        Shirley MacLaine wrote "My Lucky Stars."
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.E3)

1995        Nelson Mandela published his autobiography "Long Walk to Freedom." In 1998 British journalist Martin Meredith published a biography titled "Nelson Mandela."
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, BR p.3)

1995        Philip Mansel authored “Constantinople: City of the World’s Desire, 1453-1924."
    (Econ, 12/19/15, p.66)

1995        David Maraniss published his biography of Bill Clinton: "First in His Class."
    (WSJ, 5/17/99, p.A24)

1995        Gregory McGuire authored his novel “Wicked," a prequel to the classic “Wizard of Oz." A Broadway show based on the novel opened in October, 2003.
    (WSJ, 10/22/05, p.A4)

1995        Larry McMurtry published his novel "Dead Man’s Walk," a prequel to his 1985 "Lonesome Dove." In 1997 he published "Comanche Moon," the third in the series that covered the middle years.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, BR p.5)

1995        Robert McNamara published "In Retrospect," his memoir of the Vietnam era as Sec. of Defense. A counter view was written in 1996 by Paul Hendrickson "The Living and the Dead: Robert McNamara and Five Lives of a Lost War."
    (SFEC, 9/22/96, BR p.4)

1995        James Michener wrote "Miracle in Seville."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1995        Barry Minkin published his "Future In Sight," a book that details the 100 trends that will most impact business and the world economy beyond the year 2000.
    (Hem., Nov. '95, p.47)

1995        Iris Murdoch published "Jackson's Dilemma." It was her last novel.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)

1995        Haskell Norman (1915-1996) authored "One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine."
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B6)

1995        Richard Powers published his novel "Galatea 2.2," about artificial intelligence.
    (WSJ, 7/1/98, p.A1)

1995        Feminist poet Adrienne Rich published "Dark Fields of the Republic."
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)

1995        The Rizzoli book "The Blue Note Years" was published.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)

1995        "What’s Love Got To Do with It: The Evolution of Human Mating" by Meredith F. Small was published.
    (NH, 8/96, p.8)

1995        Carl Sagan (1934-1996) wrote  "A Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space."
    (SFC, 12/21/96, p.A1)   

1995        Stephen Schneck won the Int’l. Formentor Prize for his novel "The Night Clerk." It was about a 600-pound hotel clerk.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)

1995        Margaret Thaler Singer, cult psychologist, authored "Cults in Our Midst."
    (SSCM, 5/26/02, p.25)

1995        Dava Sobel authored "Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time."
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, BR p.5)

1995        Alan Sokal published a paper titled "Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity." It was a lampoon on serious scholarship but was published as a serious work. This prompted Sokal to team with Jean Bricmont in France and publish "Intellectual Imposters." An English version was published in 1998 as "Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science."
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.1,8)

1995        Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and author of "The Gulag Archipelago," published two new books: a volume of memoirs: "Invisible Allies" and a collection of secret documents from the Kremlin archives: "The Solzhenitsyn Files."
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A12)

1995        Maurice Stans, an aide and fund-raiser for former Pres. Nixon, published his autobiography "One of the President’s Men."
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.C3)

1995        Randall Terry, founder of the anti-abortion group "Operation Rescue," authored "The Judgement of God."
    (SFC, 2/21/00, p.A8)

1995        R. Lockwood Tower (d.1998 at 89) published "Lee’s Adjutant," the 2nd volume of the edited diaries of confederate generals Arthur Manigault and Walter Taylor, adjutant to Robert E. Lee.
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)

1995        Frederick Turner published his book: "The Culture of Hope: A New Birth of the Classical Spirit." He discusses the current standoff between the "values-driven right and the freedom-espousing left." He proclaims that both sides are, at root, vested in a set of "metaphysical and philosophical assumptions, inherited from the nineteenth century." He uses the findings of contemporary chaos science to find what he calls a "radical center." e.g. "The discovery of strange attractors, that emerge to pull seemingly chaotic, or random, events into new kinds of order."
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.84)

1995        Richard Turner and Robert Scaife edited "Bog Bodies: New Discoveries and New Perspectives."
    (AM, 7/97, p.67)

1995        Dorothy West (d.1998 at 91), a member of the Harlem Renaissance, published her 2nd novel: "The Wedding."
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.C4)

1995        Edward O. Wilson published his memoir: "Naturalist."
    (WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)

1995        Neil Simon wrote his play "London "Suite." It used the same format as his earlier plays "Plaza Suite" and "California Suite."
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.9)

1995        The Chieftains of Ireland released their album "The Long Black Veil."
    (WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A16)

1995        Thomas Ades composed his opera "Powder her Face," a tabloid opera about a randy duchess of the 1960s.
    (WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A24)

1995        The Violin Concerto No. 2 by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki was written for the German violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter and premiered in Leipzig with the Central German Radio orchestra.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.E1)

1995        Ira Glass revitalized radio storytelling with “This American Life," a show on Chicago Public Radio KBEZ featuring stories of ordinary people facing moments of truth.
    (SFC, 3/21/07, p.E1)

1995        In New Mexico the Taos Talking Pictures Festival began.
    (WSJ, 4/7/98, p.A16)

1995        Pope John Paul II put forth his encyclical "Evangelium Vitae," on the culture of life and threats to human dignity. Also "Ut Unum Sint," on the unity of the Church and the unity of the world.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.W13)

1995        The Vatican dismissed bishop Jacques Gaillot of Paris for preaching liberal views on homosexuality, priest celibacy and other touchy issues.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A9)

1995        The Slamdance Film Festival was founded by Peter Baxter as an alternative to the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.E1)(www.slamdance.com/)

1995        Joseph Bower and Clayton Christensen, researchers at Harvard Business School, invented the new term “disruptive technology" (disruptive innovation) to describe innovations that improve a product or service in ways that the market does not expect, typically by being lower priced or designed for a different set of consumers.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disruptive_Technology)

1995        Lars Von Trier, a Danish film director, launched the Dogma 95 concept of minimalist rules to return the focus of filmmaking to story and plot. The rules forbade sound editing and any equipment beyond handheld cameras.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.D4)

1995        The American Society of Botanical Artists was founded.
    (WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A24)

1995        The first Electronic Entertainment Expo for the computer and video game industry was held.
    (SFC, 6/18/97, p.B1)
1995        The real-time strategy video game "Command & Conquer" was released by Westwood Studios.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Command_%26_Conquer)(Econ., 7/6/20, p.54)

1995        Lewis H. Gann (1925-1997), historian, was awarded the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the German Federal Republic. He retired from the Hoover Institute of Stanford where he had served for over 30 years.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A19)

1995        Dennis Fong, aka Thresh, won the Judgement Day tournament [for cyber games] hosted by Microsoft Corp. at its Redmond, Wa. headquarters.
    (WSJ, 8/26/96, p.A1)

1995        William Perry, US Sec. of Defense, created the Eugene Fubini Award to be given for significant contribution to the Defense Dept. The first award was given to Eugene G. Fubini (d.1997), physicist and former assistant defense secretary.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A19)

1995        American Heritage Girls was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio, as a Christian alternative to the Girl Scouts. By 2004 there were some 2,800 members in 22 states.
    (USAT, 3/23/04, p.9D)

1995        Alicia Robb founded the Foundation for Sustainable Development.
    (SFC, 2/09/04, p.A13)

1995        Len Kretchman and David Geske of Fargo, ND, developed the Uncrustable sandwich, a peanut butter and jelly sandwich sealed in a pocket of bread. Smucker Corp. bought their company and received a patent for the sandwich in Dec, 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.B1)

1995        The ESPN cable network founded the X Games, an Olympic-style event of outrageous and alternative sports.
    (SFC, 9/10/98, p.A1)

1995        The US government Witness Security Program grew to $53 million.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, p.A10)

1995        Pres. Clinton deregulated the export of computers.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A10)

1995        The US began releasing the 1945 coded Venona cables in 1995. They implicated 349 US citizens and residents as Soviet helpers. In 1999 John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr published "Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America" the story of the Soviet infiltration of Washington. In 2000 Herbert Romerstein and the late Eric Breindel published "The Venona Secrets."
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.A27)(WSJ, 6/24/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 12/4/00, p.A22)

1995        The new US Republican Congress halted door-to-door delivery of buckets of ice to 891 House offices.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.C3)

1995        A US Appeals court validated a broader FCC indecency ban, but limited it to between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m.
    (WSJ, 3/24/04, p.A4)

1995        A US Female Genital Mutilation Act was made federal law.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.A3)

1995        The US Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 was meant to curb frivolous class-action suits in securities law. It forced class-action lawyers to raise their game and settlements from 1997 to 2004 rose from $145 million to $5.5 billion.
    (Econ, 8/13/05, p.61)

1995        The US Solomon Amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act of this year included financial aid to schools to be dependent on compliance with a law requiring military recruitment on campus.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A25)

1995        US lawmakers passed a royalty relief bill to spur production in the Gulf of Mexico as oil costs averaged $18.43 per barrel.
    (SFC, 2/15/06, p.C3)

1995        The US launched its green card lottery, officially known as the Diversity Visa Lottery. It provided up to 55,000 randomly selected foreigners with permanent residency in the United States. The lottery is administered by the Department of State and conducted under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) as amended by the Immigration Act of 1990.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diversity_Immigrant_Visa)(SFC, 5/2/17, p.A12)

1995        The $60 million Supermax prison, formally called Administrative Maximum, was built in Florence, Colorado.
    (SSFC, 5/14/06, p.A3)
1995        The Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center in Denver, Colo., was closed under recommendation by the Pentagon’s Base Realignment and Closure Committee (BRAC).
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.34)

1995        The Fort McClellan Army base in Louisiana was closed.
    (SFC, 9/15/02, p.A5)

1995        Laurent Pope, former US ambassador to Chad, admitted that half of the $300 million in assistance provided by the US (Agency for Int’l. Development) since 1982 was wasted.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)

1995        FBI agent Halbert Gary Harlow, who was assigned to do background checks at the White House from 1994-1995, was convicted of falsifying at least 50 interviews that he claimed to have conducted.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A14)

1995        The FBI captured Russian mob boss Vyacheslav Ivankov in NYC.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, BR p.1)

1995        Mike Tyson, boxer, was released from the Indiana Youth Center after serving 3 years of a 10 year sentence.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1995        Cardiologist Bernardo Nadal-Ginard was convicted in Massachusetts of embezzling from the Boston Children’s Heart Foundation charity.
    (WSJ, 5/2/97, p.C14)

1995        The Los Angeles Rams and Raiders left LA for St. Louis and Oakland. In 2016 the St Louis Rams were allowed to return to Los Angeles.
    (Econ, 1/16/16, p.35)
1995        The UC Monterey Bay Campus at the former Fort Ord Army base opened.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A10)
1995        The California Historical Society under Mike McCone (1934-2017) moved to a new home at 678 Mission, SF, the former Hundley Hardware store, which had moved to Bryant St. Its collection had over 500,000 photos, 150,000 manuscripts, some 4,000 maps, posters and broadsides, 2,500 serials and periodicals and piles of ephemera.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, DB p.56)(SFC, 5/16/17, p.C4)
1995        A Calif. Dept. of Justice report cited the Wah Ching as the largest criminal group in the Los Angeles area with over 1,800 members.
    (SFC, 4/27/98, p.A20)
1995        A California state law allowed police to seize cars for up to 30 days if the driver has a suspended license or no license at all. In 2007 a state appeals court ruled the law to be constitutional.
    (SFC, 1/12/07, p.B2)
1995        A California state law made an independent, non-profit foundation responsible for the operations of the new state museum in Sacramento to open in 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/11/97, p.CA3)
1995        California's Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act forbade rent caps on any units built after February 1995. It allowed landlords to raise rents on rent-controlled properties to whatever they choose once a tenant moves out.
    (SSFC, 6/17/18, p.A10)
1995        California handed over the Kern Water Bank to the Kern County Water Agency in exchange for water rights to 45,000 acre-feet. The system had been developed as a key surplus reservoir by the state in the late 1980s at a cost of some $75 million. In 2010 a group filed suit to return the water bank to the state.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.C2)
1995        Robert Silveria, was arrested in Auburn by a railroad police officer. He was suspected of being the “Boxcar Killer" responsible for murders in California and 6 other states. In 1998 he pleaded guilty to the 1995 first-degree murder of Charles Randall Boyd at a Kansas state park and was sentenced in Kansas to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A6)
1995        Fire on Inverness Ridge in Marin Ct. destroyed 20 homes and burned 13,000 acres.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.T3)

1995        Mississippi voted to ratify the 13th amendment back, nearly 20 years after Kentucky, the second-to-last state to ratify the amendment, held its vote. However, through an apparent clerical error, Mississippi never officially notified the United States Archivist of the ratification, meaning that they've officially been on the side of slavery for a century-and-a-half. In February, 2013, Mississippi finally sent in the paperwork to complete its belated ratification of the Thirteen Amendment.
    (AtlanticWire, 2/18/13)
1995        Mississippi passed a "truth-in-sentencing" law that required all felons to serve 85% of their sentences.
    (WSJ, 9/6/01, p.A8)

1995        In New Jersey the Newark school system was taken over by the state.
    (Econ, 8/18/07, p.27)

1995        Texas passed the "veggie libel" law that protected perishable food products from false and defamatory statements.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.A3)

1995        The casino proposal by the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin was rejected by the Interior Dept.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A11)

1995        Jonathan Blattmachr and Michael D. Brown devised a technique that used high price life insurance policies to avoid high income, gift and estate taxes.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A3)

1995        Richard A. Grasso became chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange to 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)

1995        Anheuser-Busch Cos. bought the largest brewer in central China and began selling Budweiser in major Chinese cities.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1)

1995        The Burlington Northern and the Santa Fe Railroad companies merged.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A17)

1995        Daiwa Bank was expelled from the US after it was learned that it tried to cover-up illicit trades by bond trader Toshihide Iguchi who lost some $1.1 billion between 1984-1995. Mr. Iguchi was later sentenced to 4 years in prison and fined nearly $2.6 million.
    (WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A14)

1995        Knight Capital, an American equity broker, was founded.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.65)

1995        William Kristol, son of Irving Kristol, started the Weekly Standard, a conservative Washington DC political magazine, with funds put up by Rupert Murdoch. Irving had helped shape neo-conservatism through such magazines as the Public Interest and the National Interest.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.32)(www.weeklystandard.com/aboutus/bio_kristol.asp)

1995        The easyJet Airline was founded in England by Stelios Haji-Ioannou, son of a Greek shipping magnate. In 1999 Ioannou founded EasyEverything, a cyber café venture in London.
    (WSJ, 9/24/99, p.B1)

1995        Esstar Corp., sold Milwaukee Electric Tool to Sweden’s Atlas Copco and changed its name to Essex Industries. In Dec., Essex agreed to be acquired by Assa Abloy, a Swedish lock maker. It had begun in 1891 as American Sugar Refining Co.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1995        Harrah's opened a New Orleans riverfront casino with developer Christopher B. Hemmeter (d.2003). It closed in bankruptcy after 6-months.
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A29)

1995        Hearst Corp. acquired the operating assets of the Houston Post newspaper and consolidated them into the Houston Chronicle. Hearst also began HomeArts.com, a lifestyle network for women on the WWW.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1995        The first Internet gambling casino opened, but games could only be played for fun. The first real money Internet casino opened in 1996.
    (SFC, 7/2/07, p.C1)

1995        The 130 year-old firm of Kidder, Peabody & Co. sold its assets to the Paine Weber Group after Joseph Jett, its chief government bond trader, was accused of generating and hiding losses of $100 million instead of profits of $350 million. In 1999 Jett and Sabra Chartrand authored "Black and White on Wall Street: The Untold Story of the Man Wrongly Accused of Bringing Down Kidder  Peabody."
    (Hem., 7/95, p.48)(SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.9)

1995        Noah Alper, founder of Noah’s Bagels, sold his chain of 38 stores to Einstein Bagel Bros. for $100 million. Alper had opened his first store in Berkeley, Ca. in 1989.
    (SSFC, 12/13/09, p.B1)(www.noahalperconsulting.com/about.html)

1995        PepsiCo Inc. bought out its Thailand partner, took over a production plant and hired 1500 farmers to grow potatoes according to company spec.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1)

1995        Upjohn Co. of Kalamazoo merged with Pharmacia AB of Sweden to form Pharmacia & Upjohn. Fred Hassan was called in to lead the new company.
    (WSJ, 2/2/99, p.B1)

1995        BMW started building cars in the US.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1995        Chrysler shareholder Kirk Kerkorian made an unsuccessful bid to buy Chrysler for $21 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1995        Toyota announced plans for a truck plant in the US.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1995        Theodor ‘Ted’ Nelson came up with the concept of hypertext, the system that allows users to click between related documents and pictures on the World Wide Web.
    (WSJ, 4/24/96, A1)

1995        IBM Corp. acquired Lotus Notes for $3.52 billion. The notes software was invented by Raymond Ozzie who in 1997 left IBM to form Rhythmix Corp.
    (WSJ, 10/1/97, p.B5)

1995         Intel Corp. introduced the Pentium Pro microprocessor. It had 5.1 million transistors. Later the Pentium II was introduced with 7.5 million transistors and a speed of 300-megahertz.
    (TAR, 1996, p.28)(WSJ, 10/10/97, p.B1)

1995        The Knowledge Universe company, a conglomerate of educational companies, was founded in Menlo Park with some $750 million from investment banker Michael Milken, his brother Lowell and Larry Ellison of Oracle Corp.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.E1)

1995        Pierre Omidyar founded eBay as a site for auctioning items. Originally called Auction Web it also helped his fiancée trade her Pez dispensers. In 2002 Adam Cohen authored "The Perfect Store," a chronicle of the rise of eBay.
    (WSJ, 6/25/02, p.D9)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.66)

1995        Michael Wood of Orinda, Ca., founded Leapfrog Enterprises. In 1997 it came under the wing of Knowledge Universe.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.E1)

1995        Novartis Corp. purchased a major take in Chiron Corp. In 2005 The Swiss firm paid $5.1 billion for a complete merger with Chiron.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.D1)

1995        Fast Ethernet technology was developed to send data at 100 million bits per second.
    (SFC, 2/18/96, p.B1)

1995        The US military Global Positioning System (GPS) became fully operational with 27 orbiting satellites and dual civilian use. It was conceived in the 1960s.
    (WSJ, 3/24/03, p.B1)

1995        NASA launched the Rossi X-Ray satellite to study energetic X-ray light coming from the center of collapsed stars.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A2)

1995        The 47 Ursae Majoris system with possible planets was discovered by Marcy and Butler.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, Par p.5)

1995        Genentech began Phase III clinical trials for Herceptin to fight breast cancer. Doctors Dennis Slamon and Alex Unrich worked with the HER-2/neu gene and protein that triggered breast cancer and developed an antibody against it. The drug was approved by the FDA in 1998.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.5)

1995        Dr. Paul Dowd (1936-1996) suggested that Vitamin E, a potent antioxidant, can help keep cholesterol from clogging arteries.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.C14)

1995        Jeffrey Friedman of Rockefeller Univ. and others announced the discovery of leptin, a protein produced by fat cells, that signal the brain to reduce dietary intake.
    (SFC, 6/30/00, p.A3)

1995        The American Pain Society urged that pain be treated as a 5th vital sign. In 1999 American VA hospitals began a system wide notation for pain.
    (SFC, 2/1/99, p.A2)

1995        Prof. Pamela Ronald and colleagues isolated the blight-resistance gene from a variety of wild rice cultivated in Mali. The blight was caused by the Xanthomonas orizae bacterium. She pushed for a got a percentage of the royalty rights to be used for fellowships for scientists from Mali.
    (SFC, 5/26/97, p.A16)

1995        Protease inhibitors, a cocktail drug therapy for AIDS, were first introduced. AIDS became the leading cause of death among Americans aged 25-44. Hoffman-La Roche, a Swiss drug firm, launched the first protease inhibitor.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A21)(Econ, 6/2/12, p.80)

1995        The FDA approved Riluzole, the 1st drug for use in treating amyotrophic lateral schlerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.
    (SSFC, 9/2/01, Par p.5)

1995        Metacrawler search engine technology was developed.
    (SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)

1995        The first quantum computations, using the quantum effects of physics, were done in a lab environment.
    (Econ, 2/25/12, p.91)

1995        James Kennedy (b.1950), American social psychologist, and Russell C. Eberhart presented the first papers on particle swarm optimization (PSO). Since then more than a thousand papers have been published on particle swarms.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Kennedy_%28social_psychologist%29)(Econ, 8/14/10, p.66)

1995        Sara Horowitz formed Working Today, a non-profit organization to address the needs of freelance workers. In 2001 the group, renamed the Freelancers Union in 2003, launched the Portable Benefits Network to provide member benefits that included education, advocacy and health care.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.76)

1995        In this year 30 chiefs from big [US] companies were paid 212 times more than the average American employee. In 1965 the multiple was 44.
    (WSJ, 5/13/96, p.B-1)

1995        The US population was 263 million.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A4)

1995        The US Justice Dept. said the inmate population rose to 1.6 million. At the end of 1995 one of every 167 Americans was in prison or jail.
    (WSJ, 8/19/96, p.A1)

1995        Alaska’s halibut fisherman decided to privatize their fishery by dividing up their annual quota into “catch shares," that were owned in perpetuity by each fisherman.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.24)

1995        An Amtrak crash in Arizona killed one person and injured many.
    (SFC, 9/13/96, p.D23)

1995        Marvell Techonolgy Group was founded In Santa Clara, Ca., by Weili Dai and brother Sehat and Pantas Sutardja, Indonesian-Chinese immigrants who had studied together at UC Berkeley. In 2009 the Sutardja Dai Hall, a 7-story science building, opened in their honor.
    (SFC, 2/28/09, p.B3)
1995        The Los Angeles Rams and Raiders left LA for St. Louis and Oakland. In 2016 the St Louis Rams were allowed to return to Los Angeles.
    (Econ, 1/16/16, p.35)
1995        The UC Monterey Bay Campus at the former Fort Ord Army base opened.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A10)
1995        The California Historical Society under Mike McCone (1934-2017) moved to a new home at 678 Mission, SF, the former Hundley Hardware store, which had moved to Bryant St. Its collection had over 500,000 photos, 150,000 manuscripts, some 4,000 maps, posters and broadsides, 2,500 serials and periodicals and piles of ephemera.
    (SFEC, 10/26/97, DB p.56)(SFC, 5/16/17, p.C4)
1995        A Calif. Dept. of Justice report cited the Wah Ching as the largest criminal group in the Los Angeles area with over 1,800 members.
    (SFC, 4/27/98, p.A20)
1995        A California state law allowed police to seize cars for up to 30 days if the driver has a suspended license or no license at all. In 2007 a state appeals court ruled the law to be constitutional.
    (SFC, 1/12/07, p.B2)
1995        A California state law made an independent, non-profit foundation responsible for the operations of the new state museum in Sacramento to open in 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/11/97, p.CA3)
1995        California's Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act forbade rent caps on any units built after February 1995. It allowed landlords to raise rents on rent-controlled properties to whatever they choose once a tenant moves out.
    (SSFC, 6/17/18, p.A10)
1995        California handed over the Kern Water Bank to the Kern County Water Agency in exchange for water rights to 45,000 acre-feet. The system had been developed as a key surplus reservoir by the state in the late 1980s at a cost of some $75 million. In 2010 a group filed suit to return the water bank to the state.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.C2)
1995        In California Borey Ai (14), robbed a convenience store in Stockton and killed a Manijeh Eshahgoff (52). He was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison and was released in November, 2016. Federal immigration agents then detained Ai for 18 months, but freed him after Cambodia refused to accept him.
    (SFC, 10/26/18, p.A14)
1995        Robert Silveria, was arrested in Auburn by a railroad police officer. He was suspected of being the “Boxcar Killer" responsible for murders in California and 6 other states. In 1998 he pleaded guilty to the 1995 first-degree murder of Charles Randall Boyd at a Kansas state park and was sentenced in Kansas to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A6)
1995        Michael Wood of Orinda, Ca., founded Leapfrog Enterprises. In 1997 it came under the wing of Knowledge Universe.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.E1)
1995        Fire on Inverness Ridge in Marin Ct. destroyed 20 homes and burned 13,000 acres.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.T3)

1995        Connecticut-based Purdue Pharma was given permission by the FDA to market a powerful new opioid called OxyContin for moderate pain. In 2007 the company and three executives were fined $634 million for false branding and the drug was re-engineered and made more difficult to abuse.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purdue_Pharma#Oxycontin-related_lawsuits)(Econ, 8/1/15, p.72)

1995        In Ohio Larry Wayne Harris was arrested in Lancaster for possession of bubonic plague bacteria. He ordered the bacteria with fake letterhead from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) in Rockville, Md. A search of his home found certificates identifying him as a member of the Aryan Nations Church. Richard Girnt Butler, founder and leader of the Aryan Nations, said that Harris had been a member since the early 1990s. The case led Congress to adopt a law in 1996 requiring that disease causing organisms be registered with the CDC when being shipped and received.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A8,9)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A5)

1995        Ron Kirk was elected as the first black mayor of Dallas, Texas.
    (SFC, 10/10/14, p.D5)
1995        Texas executed 19 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1995        Gilbert Bland was arrested for stealing ancient maps from libraries around the US and Canada. In 2000 Miles Harvey authored "The Island of Lost Maps: A True Story of Cartographic Crime."
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.8)

1995        A team including Ajay Bhatt worked on the Universal Serial Bus standard at Intel. The first integrated circuits supporting USB were produced by Intel in 1995.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Serial_Bus)

1995        Activists forced a reversal of Royal Dutch Shell plans to sink the Brent Spar oil platform.
    (WSJ, 11/2/04, p.A14)

1995        The EPA found that MTBE, a gasoline additive, caused cancer in laboratory animals. It was being used to lower carbon monoxide emissions. The EPA also began to require that areas with the highest ground-level ozone switch to a reformulated gasoline year round and MTBE was the additive of choice.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.A14)

1995        Foliage loss in trees in Europe was reported to be 18%, up 2.6 % from 1994 levels. The worst was in Germany, Poland, the Czech Rep. and Slovakia.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A14)

1995        Prof. Marc. Hauser, Harvard psychologist, claimed that cotton-top tamarins can recognize themselves in mirrors. His results were questioned and in 2001 Hauser published another paper admitting failure to replicate earlier findings. His work on the cognitive abilities of monkeys were again questioned in 2007.
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.69)

1995        For this year US official aid donations were $7.3 bil. Japan’s was $14.5 bil. France’s was $8.4 bil. Germany’s was $7.5 bil.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)

1995        The Pritzker family, led by Jay and Robert, agreed to increase family stipends from $100,000 a year at age 25 to $1 million a year after age 40 along with some lump sum payments totaling $25 million.
    (WSJ, 12/11/02, p.A9)

1995        About 36.4 million Americans lived in poverty, 13.8% of the population.
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, Par p.12)
1995        Death sentences in the US peaked this year at 326.
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.46)

1995        During the summer and fall ten million fish were killed in the Neuse River of North Carolina by an unusual once-celled dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria piscicida.
    (Nat. Hist. 3/96, p.17)

1995        An Asian beetle, fatal to North American ash trees, arrived in the US about this time. It was 1st noticed in 2002 and by 2005 had killed some 15 million ash trees in Michigan. Ohio, Indian, and southern Ontario were also affected. Infested trees died within 4 years.
    (SSFC, 12/25/05, p.A25)

1995        In Montana 342 snow geese died when they stopped for water at the contaminated Berkeley Pit. The Atlantic Richfield Company, later owned by BP, bought Anaconda in 1977, and ended active mining in the Berkeley Pit in 1982. Since then, highly acidic underground water has continuously seeped into the pit from higher land, creating a rust-colored lake. In 2005 Montana Gov. Brian Schweitzer said "The plan is to continue with pumps to keep the water below that level and then treat the water that they pump out and that's going to have to go on until the end of time."
    (Reuters, 9/23/05)

1995        Edward L. Bernays, pioneering public relations man, died at age 103. In 1998 Larry Tye published "The Father of Spin: Edward L. Bernays & The Birth of Public Relations."
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, BR p.7)
1995        James Clavell, author, died. His work included "Shogun" and "Gai-Jin."
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Par p.2)
1995        Frank Curtis, a Mormon brother, died. He had been convicted of criminal sex abuse. In his 1998 lawsuit filed in Multnomah County, Oregon, Jeremiah Scott, accused the church of hiding the fact that Curtis, one of its high priests, was a pedophile. Curtis was excommunicated from the church in 1983 in Pennsylvania but was rebaptized in 1984 in Michigan. In 1988, he joined the Brentwood Ward in Portland. In 2011 Lisa Davis authored “The Sins of Brother Curtis: A Story of Betrayal, Conviction, and the Mormon Church.
    (SSFC, 3/20/11, p.G7)
1995        Robertson Davies, Canadian author, died at age 82. He wrote "Fifth Business," "Deptford Trilogy," "What’s Bred in the Bone," and "The Cunning Man." His biography was written by Judith Skelton Grant and titled: "Robertson Davies: Man of Myth."
    (WSJ,3/13/95, p.A12)
1995        Arkansas Sen. William J. Fulbright died. In 1946 President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for the Senator.
    (AP, 8/1/97)(MT, Spg. ‘99, p.2)
1995        Eva Gabor, actress, died of a respiratory illness. Her older sister, Magda, died in 1997.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, z-1 p.6)(SFC, 6/7/97, p.A19)
1995        Walter A. Haas, former owner of the Oakland A’s baseball team, died. He was a descendant of Levi Strauss and conceived of the SF Season of Sharing Fund. He presented the idea to Dick Thierot, publisher of the SF Chronicle in 1985 and the fund began in 1986.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A23)
1995        Mark Moore authored “Creating Public Value."
    (Econ., 3/28/15, p.87)
1995        Barney Oliver, SETI pioneer and principle author of Project Cyclops, died. he left an estimated $10-20 million for Project Phoenix, a radio telescope search for extraterrestrial life.
    (Wired, 8/96, p.191)
1995        Prof. Donald Othmer died at age 91. He had co-edited the Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. He and his wife invested $25,000 with Warren Buffet in the early 1970s and their estate was worth $800 million at his death. A quarter of the money was bequeathed to Polytechnic Univ. In Brooklyn.
    (SFC, 7/14/98, p.B2)
1995        Agnes Plumb (1908-1996) died. She left behind a $107 million fortune, nearly all of which she donated to 4 medical institutions. Much of Plumb's fortune amassed from an investment made by her father to Kellogg Co. over 70 years ago, early in the cereal manufacturer's history. The stock split and doubled several times over the years, until the 1.3 million shares had a cash value estimated at about $96 million.
    (www.dailybruin.ucla.edu/db/issues/96/10.25/news.philanthropist.html)(SFC, 10/25/96, p.A2)
1995        Bob Ross (52), American landscape artist, died. His TV show "The Joy of Painting" was taped for 11 years until 1993. Reruns continued through 2004.
    (WSJ, 4/2/04, p.A1)
1995        Henry Roth (1907-1996), author, died. His work included a 1934 first novel, "Call It Sleep," and then a 6-volume autobiographical novel completed just before his death: "A Star Shines Over Mr. Morris Park" (1994), "A Diving Rock on the Hudson" (1995), "From Bondage." In 2005 Steven G. Kellman authored “Redemption: The Life of Henry Roth."
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A12)(SSFC, 8/14/05, p.F3)
1995        George Seldes, journalist, died at 104. He authored 21 books that criticized the press for complicity with business and politicians. Rick Goldsmith made a documentary on Seldes in 1996 called "Tell the Truth and Run: George Seldes and the American Press.
    (SFC, 4/16/98, p.E1,4)
1995        Edward Shils, sociologist, died at 85. In 1997 his books: "Portraits: A Gallery of Intellectuals" and "The Order of Learning: Essays (1930-1995) on the Contemporary University" were published.
    (WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A20)
1995        Terry Southern, author, died at age 71. His novels included "Candy," "Flash and Filigree," and "The Magic Christian." His screenplays included "Easy Rider" and "Dr. Strangelove." In 2001 Lee Hill authored "A Grand Guy: The Art and Life of Terry Southern."
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, BR p.1)

1995        Dmitri Volkogonov, historian, died. He wrote biographies of Stalin, Lenin and Trotsky based on archival material of the Soviet Union. From 1991 until his death he was the head of the Russian Archive Declassifying Commission.
    (WSJ, 3/29/96, p.A14)(SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.4)

1995        Harvey Wexler, a senior VP and lobbyist for Continental Airlines, died. When his estate was settled in 1996 there was an $11 million gift to Bryn Mawr College in honor of his old friend Joan Coward, a 1945 graduate from Bryn Mawr.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, p.A9)

1995        Rebel jets bombed Kabul, Afghanistan. Blame was placed on the Islamic Taliban Militia, which was fighting to oust President Rabbani.
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A1)
1995        The Taliban regained Herat and Tajik commander Ismail Khan fled for exile in Iran. Khan returned in 1997 and was captured by the Taliban and imprisoned for nearly 3 years.
    (SFC, 11/13/01, p.A2)
1995        In Afghanistan more than 1,000 people died in fighting during this year. Massive gains were made by the Taliban. Increased Pakistani and Iranian interference followed.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(www.afghan, 5/25/98)

1995        In Albania businessman Remzi Hoxha was illegally detained along with two other suspects for an alleged plot to to kill Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov during a visit to Albania. Hoxha was never found and was presumed to have died in custody.
    (AP, 11/22/12)

1995        In Algeria a bloody struggle continued between the army and Islamic fundamentalist forces, which included the FIS (Islamic Salvation Front) and the GIA (Armed Islamic Group).
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 10/26/95, p.A-22)(SFC, 7/2/99, p.A12)
1995        Algerian Gen. Mohamed Boutaghene, commander of the Coast Guard, was killed by gunmen in south Algiers. He was the highest ranking officer killed in four years of struggle.
    (WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A-1)
1995        In Algeria more than 3,000 people died this year in fighting between the government and Islamic fundamentalists.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1995        In Angola 500 to a 1,000 people died this year in the civil war.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1995        Australia's Northern Territory introduced the world's first voluntary euthanasia legislation, but it was overturned in 1997 by the federal government.
    (AP, 9/21/09)

1995        The Bahrain parliament was dissolved by the ruling al-Khalifa family.
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-12)
1995         Bahrain stored 18 US jets.
    (WSJ, 10/24/95, p.A-1)
1995        Bahrain became the headquarters for the U.S. Navy's 5th Fleet.

1995        Belgium based Interbrew bought Labatts of Canada.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.125)

1995        Bhutan’s national assembly declared that 60 percent of the country must be forested, including 26 percent that is set aside as protected.
    (AP, 12/18/05)

1995        In Bolivia Evo Morales founded the Movement Toward Socialism. He was later elected to congress, and in 2002 narrowly lost the presidential race to Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada.
    (AP, 12/13/05)

1995        The US Predator surveillance drone was 1st used over Bosnia. In 2001 it was equipped with the hell-fire missile and used over Afghanistan. This unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flew as slowly as a Cessna.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A12)(Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.22)

1995        Brazil joined the World Trade organization (WTO) and accepted int’l. intellectual property rules.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.38)
1995        In Brazil Jorge Luiz Fernandez, aka George the Smotherer, killed two innocent people while trying to eliminate a witness to a previous murder.
    (SFC, 9/21/98, p.A12)
1995        Ricardo Correa moved his shoe operations from Brazil to China. A reduction in trade barriers in the early 1990s along with an appreciating currency and pressure from cheap Chinese labor had combined to stagnate Brazil’s shoe exports.  By 2008 some 3,000 Brazilians worked in China’s footwear industry.
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.75)
1995        Former Bolivian dictator Luis Garcia Meza Tejada (1980-1981) was extradited to Bolivia from Brazil and began serving a 30 year prison sentence, in the same prison where he once kept his enemies.

1995        The BBC first broadcast "Pride and Prejudice," based on the novel by Jane Austen (1775-1817).
    (Econ., 6/27/20, p.71)
1995        GOD TV was founded in the UK and eventually grew into a 24-hour network with offices in several countries. In 2020 it reached a seven-year contract with HOT, Israel's main cable provider, presenting itself as producing content for Christians. CEO Ward Simpson suggested its real aim was to convince Jews to accept Jesus as their messiah.
    (AP, 5/18/20)
1995        Hakluyt & Company, a British strategic advisory firm headquartered in London, was founded by Christopher James and Mike Reynolds, former officials of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6).
1995        Britain’s conservative government unveiled plans to reduce the basic income tax rate from 25% to 24%.
    (WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)
1995        British Energy was formed to run Britain’s second generation of nuclear plants.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.64)
1995        The Alternative Investment Market (AIM) was founded in London. Run by the London Stock Exchange (LSE) in 2006 it charged $7,319 for its admission and annual fee as opposed to $100,000 for admission to Nasdaq.
    (SFC, 4/28/06, p.D1)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.86)
1995        Britain’s largest manufacturing concern, General Electric Company PLC, was run by Lord Weinstock. He retired in autumn 1996 after 33 years in charge.
    (WSJ, 11/10/95, p. A-7)
1995        Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou (b.1967), a Greek-Cypriot-born British entrepreneur, founded  easyJet, a budget airline.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EasyJet)
1995        Johan Eliasch (33), Swedish-born English business executive, acquired the financially ailing Head NV from the Austrian government for $1 million plus the assumption of more than $300 million in debt.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.A5)
1995        British income per head overtook the French.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.28)

1995        In Cambodia the Khmer Rouge was ousted after a 3 year reign of terror in which hundreds of thousands died.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1995        The Canadian government recorded a federal deficit of CA$37.5 billion.
    (Fin. Post, 11/2/95, p.2)
1995        Canada enacted a tough federal Firearms Act. It was upheld in 2000 and required all gun owners to registers all firearms with police by 2003. In 2009 plans were afoot to repeal the long-gun (rifles and shotguns) registry, dismantling some 8 million firearms records.
    (WSJ, 6/16/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/8/09, p.A10)
1995        Ontario's government unveiled the biggest budget cuts ever made by a Canadian province, $4.4 bil. over three years. The cuts will eliminate 3,500 public sector jobs and cut $1 bil. from hospital funding.
    (WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-1)
1995        British Columbia enacted a Forest Practices Code to ensure higher environmental standards and enforcement. A 1997 report indicated that that standards were not being followed or enforced.
    (SFC, 6/23/97, p.A8)
1995        Native protestors at Gustafsen Lake took up arms against the RCMP. They claimed that the land was sacred and never ceded to the crown. In 1997 13 people were sentenced to prison terms up to 4 1/2 years for the protests.
    (G&M, 7/31/97, p.A1)

1995        Mo Yan won the Chinese Dajia Prize for his novel "Big Breasts and Wide Hips." In 2004 Howard Goldblatt translated it to English.
    (SSFC, 1/9/05, p.E3)
1995        In China the Puccini opera "Turandot" was staged in Beijing. It marked the first time that a non-Chinese opera was sung in the country in its original language.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)
1995        The film "Red Cherry" was directed by Ye Ying and became China’s biggest hit of the year.
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.D3)
1995        China seized Mischief Reef, part of the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, that were claimed by the Philippines.
    (WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(Econ, 3/31/07, SR p.7)
1995        Beijing introduced “managed" competition by breaking up China Telecom.
    (Econ, 8/28/04, p.59)
1995        Cheung Yan founded Nine Dragons Paper and spent 3 years setting up the first of its paper-making machines in Dongguan, China. By 2007 the company, valued at $6.5 billion, was the 3rd largest paper company in the world.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, p.76)
1995        Sinochem shipped 284 barrels of glycerin from China to Dastech Int’l. of Great Neck, NY. The glycerin was labeled 98% pure, but Dastech found that the syrup contained sugar compounds and diethylene glycol.
    (SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A12)
1995        A World Bank study concluded that water pollution cost China some $54 billion this year.
    (SFC, 6/6/03, p.A12)

1995        Chile spent nearly $2 billion on defense this year, about 4% GNP.
    (SFC, 11/23/96, p.A8)

1995        In Colombia Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela, a leader of the Cali drug cartel, was arrested.
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)
1995        In Colombia a study by Alejandro Reyes in Bogota estimated that drug cartels had acquired about 8% of the nation’s best farmland.
    (SFC, 4/7/97, p.A8)
1995        Contraband accounted for as much as a sixth of Colombia’s imports or about $2.34 billion in this year.
    (WSJ, 12/17/96, p.A18)

1995        Commonwealth members admitted Mozambique and Cameroon.
    (Econ, 11/24/07, p.64)

1995        Colombia granted Afro-Colombian communities on the Pacific coast collective titles to land occupied by their ancestors when slavery was abolished in 1851.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.34)
1995        In Colombia the metro system of Medellin opened after years of delays.
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.41)
1995        Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela, a leader of Colombia’s Cali drug cartel, was arrested.
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)
1995        Contraband accounted for as much as a sixth of Colombia’s imports or about $2.34 billion in this year.
    (WSJ, 12/17/96, p.A18)
1995        A study by Alejandro Reyes in Bogota, Colombia, estimated that drug cartels had acquired about 8% of the nation’s best farmland.
    (SFC, 4/7/97, p.A8)

1995        Cuban cigar production dropped to 50 million.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p.A9)

1995        US-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty moved its headquarters to Prague from Munich.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

1995        Danish Foreign Minister Niels Helveg Petersen told reporters that no nuclear weapons were deployed in Greenland. 2 weeks later US Sec. of Defense William Perry wrote in a confidential letter that warheads and surface to air missiles had been stored at the Thule air base without Greenland’s knowledge. The crisis became known as "Thulegate" in Denmark.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C3)

1995        Djibouti made it illegal to practice female genital mutilation (FGM). By 2016 nearly 80% of women were still cut.
    (Econ, 6/18/16, p.63)

1995        Ecuador engaged in a border war with Peru. Argentine arms were transported to Ecuador by the US Fine Air airline owned by Barry and Lary Fine. The Fine brothers were tried in absentia in Lima in 1997.
    (SFC,10/22/97, p.A10)

1995        In El Salvador some 40 citizens banded together to form the Patriotic Movement. Their first project was the 1996 exchange program Goods for Guns.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, A9)

1995        In El Salvador a pilot CARE program surveyed ranches under joint title to former guerrillas in order to establish specific ownership to improve development. It grew to a $26 million program by 1998.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A27)

1995        In El Salvador there were 7,877 people murdered in this year according to the attorney general’s office.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B5)

1995        Royalists in Estonia invited Prince Edward of the British Royal family to wear the Estonian crown. He declined the offer.
    (Hem, 4/96, p.23)

1995        The EU banned Sudan 1, a red dye and genotoxic carcinogen, from use in food.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.56)
1995        The European Commission implemented the flagship Data Protection Directive.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_Protection_Directive)

1995        In Finland the eurosceptic, nationalist and anti-immigration Finns Party was co-founded by Timo Soini. He took over as its leader in 1997, a position he held for 20 years. In the 2011 elections it won 19 percent of the vote, but refused at the time to enter the government, which it deemed too pro-European.
    (AP, 6/13/17)
1995        Finnish hunting regulations began protecting wolverines. The increasing wolverine population soon began impacting the reindeer population.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.26)

1995        The French film “La Heine" (Hatred) was written and directed by Matthieu Kassovitz (26). The film opened French eyes to the rage on the housing estates on the country’s banlieues.
    (Econ, 5/31/08, p.89) (Econ, 5/16/15, p.79)
1995        The French film “Son of Gascogne" starred Gregoire Colin and was directed by Pascal Aubier. It was about a young man mistaken for the son of a fabled New Wave filmmaker.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.C3)
1995        France imposed lengthy cross-checks for Algerians traveling to Europe due to the war with Islamist rebels. The weeks long wait was finally reduced in 2006.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.48)
1995        State prosecutors in Bordeaux reduced charges against Maurice Papon to complicity in crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 9/18/02)
1995        Sinochem shipped 284 barrels of glycerin from China to Dastech Int’l. of Great Neck, NY. The glycerin was labeled 98% pure, but Dastech found that the syrup contained sugar compounds and diethylene glycol.
    (SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A12)
1995        French retailer Carrefour began operating in China.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.68)
1995         The population of France was about 57 million people. The 1995 budget-deficit target under PM Alain Juppe was $322 bil.
    (WSJ, 11/17/95, p.A-10)

1995        Gambia’s president, Captain Yahya Jammeh, defended the Nigerian government in the hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)
1995        German-Jewish writer Stefanie Zweig (1932-2014) authored her autobiographical novel "Nowhere in Africa". The book retold the story of her family's time in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.
    (AP, 4/27/14)
1995        Germany introduced a 35-hour work week.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A14)
1995        In Germany Christo and his wife, Jeanne-Claude, wrapped the Reichstag with over 1 million square feet of silvery polypropylene fabric, secured with over 51,000 feet of polypropylene rope. The project cost some $13 million.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.E5)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A10)
1995        Germany devised a compromise abortion law that permitted abortions within the first 12 weeks with the issuance of a counseling certificate.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, p.A6)
1995        Volkswagen built a large car factory near Lisbon, Portugal.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.78)

1995        Eritrea institued a national service program. It turned into an indefinite conscription as the border dispute with Ethiopia festered.
    (AP, 5/27/14)

1995        Gavin Barker, a social worker from London, founded Quetzaltrekkers, a Guatemala trekking program aimed at funding street children in Xela.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.D3)

1995        Iceland stopped requirement immigrants to adopt local names.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.59)

1995        In India the government in New Delhi granted Ladakh Autonomous Hill Council status, recognizing its unique culture and giving it some measure of self rule.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.T4)
1995        Riots erupted in Bangalore, India, when the 1st Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) opened in the city.
    (WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A12)
1995        Ronnie Screwvala, founder of India’s UTV software, started his UTV film studio.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.72)
1995        Ratan Tata decided to enter India’s passenger car market. The 1st Tata Motors car was produced in 1998.
    (Econ, 4/2/05, p.53)
1995        Tulsi Tanti formed Suzlon Energy in India. Suzlon Energy incorporated as a maker of wind turbines. In 2005 he sold a minority of shares of shares in the wind turbine company and joined the ranks of world billionaires. By 2007 it was the largest such company in India and 5th largest in the world with a major presence in China.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, SR p.19)(www.suzlon.com/about-us.htm)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
1995        Shetty Sreenath built Asia’s 1st eco-friendly e-waste disposal facility in Bangalore, India. In 2007 Sreenath said “We’re sitting on an e-waste time bomb."
    (SFC, 3/30/07, p.A1)
1995        William Oliver (1947- 2014), English champion of wild pigs, managed to get the government of India and Assam state to agree to protect the endangered pigmy hogs.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.94)
1995        In India official data showed 1,677 people succumbing to heat.
    (AFP, 5/28/15)
1995         India’s population was around 900 million.
    (WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)

1995        Indonesia ostensibly outlawed land clearing fires after smog hit Singapore.
    (WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A17)
1995        Lakshmi Mittal (b.1950), India-born entrepreneur, transferred his steel firm's headquarters from Indonesia to London, a city Mr Mittal rated as the world's financial centre.
1995         A flight operated by the Indonesia-based Merpati Nusantara Airlines disappeared over open water while flying between islands in the archipelago nation. The de Havilland Twin Otter 300 with 14 crew and passengers was never found.
    (AP, 3/14/14)

1995        The Iranian film "Pari" was produced. It was directed by Dariush Mehrjui and adopted from J.D. Salinger’s “Franny and Zooey." UD showing was barred in 1998 due to copyright.
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.E2)
1995        The film “The Snowman" was directed by Davoud Mirbaqeri. It was about an Iranian man who dresses as a woman in order to obtain an American visa.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, DB p.52)
1995        Mohsen Makhmalbaf, Iranian director, made his film “Salaam Cinema." He used a documentary technique to make his film on auditioning actors.
    (SFC, 5/14/97, p.E6)
1995        The film "The White Balloon" was directed by Jafar Panahi of Iran.
    (SFC, 1/30/98, p.E17)
1995        Iran awarded a $1 billion contract to the American oil firm Conoco, but US Pres. Clinton scuttled the deal and subsequently banned US companies from most forms of trading with Iran. He accused Tehran of continued support for international terrorism. Iran then awarded the oil contract to the French firm Total.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.A14)
1995        Alireza Azmandian, US educated engineer, returned to Iran to teach at Tehran Univ. and opened a private office to promote positive thinking and self-help. By 2008 he had published 2 self-help books and his business, The Center for Technology of Thought, occupied an entire floor of a commercial building.
    (WSJ, 6/30/08, p.A1)

1995        In Iraq Rolf Ekeus, head of UNSCOM, found evidence of research relating to a biological weapons program.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1995        In Iraq former US Marine captain Scott Ritter led a UN inspection that discovered that missile guidance parts were being smuggled into Iraq through Jordan.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.C3)

1995        Binjamin Wilkomirski published in Switzerland the memoir "Fragments," which purported to be about his survival at the Majdanek concentration camp. In 2002 Blake Eskin authored "A Life in Pieces" that told the story of how Bruno Doessekker (b.1941) fabricated the story.
    (WSJ, 2/5/02, p.A16)
1995        VocalTec, an Israeli company, was the first company to release commercial PC-to-PC calling software, which it called Internet Phone. However, many competitors soon followed. In 2010 VocalTec merged with YMax Corp, maker of magicJack, an Internet phone gadget.
    (AP, 8/14/10)
1995        Miriam Ben-Porat, Israeli comptroller, issued a report that said Shin Bet security routinely mistreated Palestinian detainees between 1988 and 1992. The report was not made public until 2000.
    (SFC, 2/10/00, p.A10)

1995        The Italian port at Gioia Tauro began handling container ships. The local mafia, ‘Ndrangheta, tried to extort $1.50 for every container, but the demand was overcome.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.78)

1995        Imaemon Imaizuki a "living national treasure of Japan," admired the work of Narae Mochizuki Goldsmith (d.1997), a Bay Area artist, who had developed a new art form of calligraphic brush writing on ceramics for refined renditions of medieval Japanese poetry on abstract sculptural forms.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A20)
1995        The Etsuko and Joe Price Collection: "Masterworks of Japanese Painting" is a CD that shows the Japanese Edo paintings housed at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the greatest collection in the Western world.
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.85)
1995        A Japanese weekly comic book featured the story "Initial D," which focused on a drifter named Takumi, who honed his (car) sliding skills on early morning runs delivering tofu to a resort hotel in the mountains.
    (WSJ, 9/18/03, p.A10)
1995        The Japanese anime film "Whisper of the Heart" was made by Yoshifumi Kondo (d.1998 at 47).
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, DB p.9)
1995        In Japan a fad called purikura began. Young people began taking color photos in booths with customized backgrounds and digital decorations.
    (SFC, 1/23/09, p.B9)
1995        American and Japan intervened to halt the dollar’s slide against the yen.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.100)
1995        In Japan executives of the Takashimaya department store chain paid $730,000 to ensure a quiet stockholders meeting. The money was paid to Isao Nishiura, the head of a group of Japanese mobsters (yakuza) who practice "sokaiya’" a form of extortion. Three executives and Isao were arrested in 1996. Payments had been made for as long as ten years.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)

1995        In Kenya the three Somali clans in the Wajir district -- the Ajuran, Ogaden and Degodia settled their differences in a peace agreement that led to the formation of the Wajir Peace and Development Committee.
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.D2)

1995        In Latvia the only Jewish synagogue in Riga was bombed and caused $300,000 in damages.
    (SFC, 4/798, p.A14)

1995        Libya declared jihad against NATO, but no concrete action was taken.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.A10)
1995        The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, an Islamist militant group, first announced its existence vowing to overthrow Gaddafi and launching a violent campaign.
    (AP, 9/6/09)

1995        The Macedonian government signed an accord with Athens agreeing to remove a particular symbol from its flag and revising some articles of the constitution. Talks on the country's name have made little progress. In official bodies such as the United Nations, the country is known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
    (AP, 1/2/12)

c1995    In Mali a Swiss development worker invented a low-cost machine for milling and grinding. By 2002 the $4,000 machine was in some 300 villages and benefited numerous women who had previously hours pounding and grinding grains for daily meals.
    (WSJ, 7/26/02, p.A1)

1995        In Mauritius Anerood Jugnauth and his Socialist Movement lost elections to Labor Party leader Navin Ramgoolam, who formed a coalition government with Berenger’s Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM).
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)

1995         In Mexico a new pension-revision program was aimed at increasing domestic savings to 22% of gross domestic product by the year 2000.
    (WSJ, 11/10/95, p. A-6)
1995        Mexico’s Pres. Ernesto Zedillo signed a law creating the Cabo Pulmo National Marine Reserve off the Baha Peninsula in the Gulf of California.
    (SFC, 1/17/06, p.A10)
1995        Santiago Levy, Mexico’s deputy finance minister, began a program in Campeche to pay poor mothers to keep their children in school and take their kids to the health clinic. The program called Progresa was successful and went national in 1997. Under Pres. Fox it was renamed Oportunidades. It was scrapped in 2019 by Pres. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, Survey p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/ubndr)
1995        Mexico created Cintra, a holding company to rescue Aeromexico and Mexicana airlines.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.63)
1995        Mexico began privatizing its railroad freight lines.
    (Econ, 3/15/14, p.61)

1995        The Christian Council of Mozambique launched a project to bring peace and reconciliation to the country and to disarm thousands of former combatants. The program paid artists to turn retrieved weapons into sculptures.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A7)

1995        In Nepal a center-right government came to power.
    (WSJ, 8/22/96, p.A1)

1995        In Niger bogus meningitis vaccines led to the deaths of more than 2,500 people.
    (Econ, 4/23/15, p.52)

1995        In Nicaragua Arnoldo Aleman resigned the mayorship of Managua to run for the presidency with running mate Enrique Bolanos for the right-wing Liberal Party.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A12)
1995        In Nicaragua ex-Sandinistas formed a rebel group called the Andres Castro United Front (FUAC) in the northern region of Siuna. They prevented local crime from marauding ex-Contra rebels and demanded government compliance with promises of food, land and jobs.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A8)

1995        Nigeria’s Pres. Sani Abacha initiated the construction of a natural gas complex.
    (WSJ, 6/21/04, p.A3)
1995        Beko Ransome-Kuti, an opposition figure, was arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison for trying to make public trial transcripts of an accused coup plotter.
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
2005        In Nigeria soldiers arrested Moses Akatugba (16) for allegedly stealing three cellphones. He was delivered to police officers who tortured him, including tearing out his finger and toe nails with pliers, until he signed confessions admitting to armed robbery. He was condemned to hang and spent 10 years in prison before being pardoned in 2015.
    (AP, 6/1/15)
1995        Nigeria had about 100 million people and $40 billion in external debt. It was the fifth largest oil producer in OPEC, and the US imported about 40% of its oil. Per capita income was $230.
    (WSJ, 11/13/95, p.A-10)

1995        In Pakistan PM Bhutto launched another crackdown in Karachi against the MQM.
    (WSJ, 12/5/07, p.A22)
1995         In Karachi, Pakistan, unidentified gunmen bound, blindfolded and shot to death 15 migrant workers. The government blamed the deaths on the Mohajir Qaumi Movement (MQM). Mohajirs are Indian Muslims who came to Karachi when Pakistan was founded. The leader of the MQM was Altaf Hussain, who lived in exile in London.
    (V. Sun, 11/3/95, p.A-16)(WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-6)
1995        In Pakistan a coup attempt by Islamic radical was foiled. 23 military officers were arrested and jailed.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A25)
1995        In Pakistan Dassault Aviation of France agreed to pay Asif Zardari and a partner $200 million for a $4 billion jet fighter contract. The deal fell apart When Bhutto’s government was dismissed.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)
1995        In eastern Pakistan several gunmen shot at a crowd of Shiite Muslims in the Punjab provincial town of Jhang. In 2006 a judge sentenced Aslam Moyavia, a Sunni Muslim extremist, to death for the killing.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
1995        Washington said Pakistan received M-11 missiles from China, capable of carrying nuclear warheads. [see Jun 13, 1996]
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)
1995        In Pakistan Shahnawaz Toor, a worker for the US Drug Enforcement Agency, was murdered in Karachi. In 1998 Saulat Mirza, a member of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement, was arrested for the murder.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.B2)

1995        In Peru a new government austerity program slowed the growth rate to 3.7%.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-3)
1995        Peru’s government under President Alberto Fujimori began a family planning program. It promoted birth control as a way to reduce family size and poverty. It was later cited as taking advantage of poor rural women to meet quotas in sloppy operations under unsanitary conditions. At least 2 women were reported to have died and hundreds injured from the operations. From 1995-2000 more than 300,000 women were sterilized, mostly poor, illiterate Indians.
    (SFEC, 2/15/98, p.A26)(AP, 2/15/12)

1995        Four African leaders meet with Jimmy Carter in Cairo to discuss the return of 2 mil refugees to Rwanda. The ethnic war of 1994 killed more than 500,000 people.
    (WSJ, 11/28/95, p.A-1)
1995        The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RFP) founded Tri-Star Investments to invest in local enterprises. The conglomerate was later renamed Crystal Ventures and competed with a similar group called Horizon, accountable to the ministry of defense.
    (Econ, 3/4/17, p.53)

1995        Russian General Alexander Lebed wrote his memoir: "Feeling Sorry for the State."
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A12)
1995        In Russia Theodore Shakin, a British sociologist, founded Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences. In 2018 the school, known colloquially as Shaninka, was a stripped of its government accreditation.
    (SFC, 7/23/18, p.A2)
1995        Russia led the world in arms sales with about $6 billion worth of weapons. The US however led in deliveries with $9.537 billion.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A10)
1995        Russia agreed to assist China with manned spaceflight technology and training of Chinese astronauts in cosmonaut academy near Moscow.
    (AP, 10/15/03)   
1995        Russia banned liquor ads on TV.
    (Econ, 9/4/04, p.59)
1995        In Russia Banker Ivan Kivelidi and his secretary Zara Izmailova were killed by a high-tech lethal poison.
    (SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)
1995        The Russian Republic of Tuva is noted for its considerable natural resources of gold, mercury, lead-zinc, nickel-cobalt, and coal reserves. There are also 8000 rivers and streams for potential hydro-electric power.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-19)
1995        The American club Friends of Tuva helped to take Paul Pena, a blind blues musician and self-taught throat-singer, to Tuva for a singing contest. The trip was later chronicled in the 1999 film, Genghis Blues.
    (WSJ, 4/1/06, p.A5)

1995        In Saudi Arabia a record 192 people were beheaded.
    (SFC, 8/27/96, p.A10)

1995        Sierra Leone hired a private army to battle rebels. Mercenaries from Executive Outcomes, a South Africa-based group, played a key role in routing the murderous rebels of the Revolutionary United Front.
    (WSJ, 6/19/01, p.A1)(Econ., 5/30/20, p.38)

c1995        Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong called on Singapore to become a "gracious society." This later led to the founding of the Singapore Kindness Movement (SKM).
    (WSJ, 11/19/98, p.B1)

1995        In Somalia Mohamed Farak Aidid declared himself to be president.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, Par p.16)

1995        Former South African defense minister Magnus Malan and 19 other top military brass were charged with murder and creating hit squads to destabilize the country, and specifically with the 1987 massacre of 13 people in KwaZulu's Kwamakutha township. After a 7-month trial, all 20 were cleared of the charges in a verdict that found the apartheid government had paid Inkatha vigilantes for the killings, but ruled the prosecution had not proved the link to Malan.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
1995        In South Africa the first lion infected with tuberculosis was discovered by Dewald Keet, chief veterinarian at Kruger National Park. They picked up the disease from feeding on infected Cape Buffalo, who picked it up from infected cattle herds.
    (SFC, 10/22/98, p.A12)

1995        In South Korea Samsung boss Lee Kun-hee had 150,000 faulty mobile phones and other devices burned and bulldozed in front of weeping employees.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.61)(Econ, 10/15/16, p.57)
1995        By this year Christianity surpassed Buddhism as South Korea’s most popular religion.
    (Econ, 8/4/07, p.37)

1995        In Sri Lanka 5,000 people were killed this year in fighting with the Tamil Tigers.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1995        Spain and Morocco agreed to build a channel tunnel under the Strait of Gibraltar. The plan was for 3 tunnels at a cost of $4 bil.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1995        In Spain the Asocamu group was set up to promote rural re-population by organizing parties for single men and woman.
    (AP, 4/22/12)

1995        Sweden granted registered partnership becoming the third country to legally recognize same-sex unions, after Denmark and Norway.
1995        In Sweden a young man killed 4 people and wounded 20 with an assault rifle after he was denied admittance to a discotheque.
    (SFEC, 8/24/98, p.A26)

1995        Prompted by Jewish groups Swiss banks searched their dormant accounts and claimed to have found only $32 million.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.C2)

1995        Tanzania's ruling party faced its first big challenge in 30 years.
    (WSJ, 10/30/95, p.A-1)
1995        Tanzania's Opposition Civic United Front (CUF) supporters believed that the ruling Party of the Revolution (CCM) stole the 1995 elections in Zanzibar.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.51)

1995        Thailand experienced severe flooding.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.60)

1995        The Vatican established a simple World Wide Web site.
    (Sky, 9/97, p.22)

1995        Moises Naim (b.1952), Venezuelan writer, coined the phrase “corruption eruption."
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mois%C3%A9s_Na%C3%ADm)
1995        Venezuela devalued its Bolivar currency 41% to 290 from 170 to the US dollar.
    (WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)
1995        In northwest Venezuela the Carbones de la Guajira coal mine began operating in territory occupied by the native Wayuu Indians. The operation poisoned the local Socuy River, which drained into lake Maracaibo, which later became considered too contaminated for swimming. The Wayuu Indians accounted for nearly 200,000 of Venezuela’s 300,000 indigenous people.
    (SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A17)

1995        Vietnam joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
    (WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D3)
1995        The Vietnam Social Security Fund was created. In 2013 the Int’l. Labor Organization warned that without reform the fund would run a deficit by 2021 and run dry by 2034.
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.35)

1995        The World Trade Organization was created as a successor to GATT, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. [see Jan 1, 1994] The Agreement on Textiles (ATC) was part of the WTO. The WTO became the main arbiter of int’l. trade disputes.
    (Econ, 9/20/03, p11)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.76)(Econ, 4/29/17, p.59)

1995        In Yemen Bin Shamlan, a former executive for a Saudi oil company in London and minister of infrastructure and minister of oil in the government of South Yemen, resigned from parliament to protest government corruption.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

1995        In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe lashed out against homosexuals and said they had no civil rights in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 7/14/98, p.A10)

1995-1996    According to the US College Board the average tuition at a 4-year private college or univ. was $10, 514.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A19)
1995-1996    Oprah Winfrey had combined earnings of $171 mil., and ranked at the top of the Forbes magazine listing or 40 best paid entertainers.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A2)
1995-1996    Fiat SpA of Italy invested $1 bil over this period for new engines, updated models, and new projects in Brazil
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A11)

1995-1997    IRS employees embezzled $5.3 million in taxpayer checks over this period.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A3)
1995-1997    In Brazil Rodrigo Baggio organized efforts to provide computer education to the children of Rio’s slums. He formed the Committee for Computer Science Democratization, which had opened schools in 32 Rio slums over the last 2 years.
    (SFC, 7/7/97, p.A8)
1995-1997    In Colombia fraudulent insurance claims plagued the country. Criminals bought life insurance policies for unwitting beggars, prostitutes and peasants and then killed them to collect the insurance money. Accident insurance was also abused and indigents were maimed to collect off of policies.
    (SFC, 7/22/97, p.A8)

1995-1998    The Yadana pipeline and offshore natural gas production facilities were built by a consortium of Total, Unocal and Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.D1)
1995-1998    In 1999 North Korea reported that some 220,000 people died from famine over this period. South Korean officials estimated that the population had fallen from 25 million to 23 million. In 1998 a US congressional delegation estimated the number to be 2 million.
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A21)

1995-2000    Dick Cheney, former Sec. of Defense, served as CEO of Halliburton Corp. He brought in some $1 billion in federal contracts.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)
1995-2000    Sergei Tretyakov, served as deputy head of intelligence at Russia's UN mission. In 2000 he defected to the US and in 2008 said "Inside the UN, we were fishing for knowledgeable diplomats who could give us first of all anti-American information."
    (AP, 1/27/08)

1995-2002    In 2003 French prosecutors alleged that some $180 million in illegal payments were made over this time to Nigeria by the TSKG consortium in connection with a $4.9 billion natural gas project at Bonny Bay. The US Halliburton Corp. had a 25% stake.
    (WSJ, 2/5/04, p.A1)

1995-2004    The amoeba called Naegleria fowleri killed 23 people in the United States during this period. In 2007 health officials noticed a spike with six cases, three in Florida, two in Texas and one in Arizona. The CDC knows of only several hundred cases worldwide since its discovery in Australia in the 1960s. the killer amoeba living in lakes enters the body through the nose and attacks the brain where it feeds until you die.
    (AP, 9/29/07)

1995-2005    In South Africa Jacob Zuma was alleged in 2005 to have accepted over $596,000 from his friend and financial advisor Schabir Shaik, during this period, for using his influence to help secure government contracts for Mr. Shaik’s companies. Charges against Mr. Zuma were dropped in 2009.
    (Econ, 4/18/09, p.23)

1995-2010    Inflation in Uganda fell to 6% over this period compared to an average of 92% for the previous 15 years.
    (Econ, 11/2/13, p.82)

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