Timeline 1994

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1994        Jan 1, The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect. Under the system a complaint is referred to a panel of experts who debate it and render a decision. The losing nation must then change its practices or offer compensation to the injured nations. Members who refuse to comply can be subjected to trade retaliation, such as tariffs to their exports. It was run out of Geneva by Renato "Rocky" Ruggiero. GATT gave poorer countries 10 years to strengthen their drug-patent laws and a similar period for the US to lift its textile quotas. The World Trade Organization (WTO), founded as the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), a relatively weak regulator of int’l. trade, was a product of the Uruguay Round of negotiations (1986-1994). In 2000 John R. MacArthur authored "The Selling of "Free Trade:" NAFTA, Washington, and the Subversion of American Democracy." In 2004 David Bacon authored "The Children NAFTA: Labor Wars on the US/Mexico Border.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A9)(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A1)(AP, 1/1/98) (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 7/2/00, BR p.3)(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.M2)
1994        Jan 1, Actor Cesar Romero died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 86.
    (AP, 1/1/99)
1994        Jan 1, In Mexico some 2,000 Zapatista guerrillas under the leadership of Subcommander Marcos rose up against the government in the state of Chiapas. The Zapatista National Liberation Army launched a rebellion to press for better living conditions for Indian peasants in Chiapas.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A8)(SFC,12/18/97, p.C2)(AP, 1/1/99)
1994        Jan 1, Botswana, Germany, Italy, Honduras, and Indonesia joined the Security Council.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C1)

1994        Jan 2, In San Francisco Father Alfred Boeddeker (90), the founder of the city's St. Anthony Dining Room, died. The Tenderloin dining hall for the poor was founded in 1950.
    (SSFC, 12/30/18, DB p.50)
1994        Jan 2, The new Republican mayor of New York City, Rudolph Giuliani, delivered his inaugural address in which he called for unity while promising to crack down on crime and tackle the city's budget problems. 24,000 homeless people lived in shelters as Giuliani took office.
    (AP, 1/2/99)(Econ, 3/25/17, p.25)

1994        Jan 3, The White House promised a government-wide effort to learn the extent of human radiation testing during the Cold War era.
    (AP, 1/3/04)
1994        Jan 3, A Russian Tupolev-154 airplane operated by Baikal Air, crashed near Mamony in Siberia and killed all 124 people onboard and one person on the ground.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)
1994        Jan 3, In Maracaibo, Venezuela, a riot and fire at the Sabaneta Prison left 108 inmates dead.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.C4)(AP, 1/3/04)

1994        Jan 4, US Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen announced a plan to drive most gun dealers out of business by proposing sharp increases in the licensing fee and stricter controls on people who buy and sell weapons.
    (AP, 1/4/04)

1994        Jan 5, The Clinton administration said North Korea had agreed to allow renewed international inspections of seven nuclear sites.
    (AP, 1/5/99)
1994        Jan 5, Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill, former speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, died in Boston at age 81. In 2001 John A. Farrell authored "Tip O’Neill and the Democratic Century."
    (AP, 1/5/99)(WSJ, 3/15/00, p.A16)

1994        Jan 6, Figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was clubbed on the right leg by an assailant at Cobo Arena in Detroit. Four men, including Jeff Gillooly, the ex-husband of Kerrigan's rival, Tonya Harding, were later sentenced to prison. Harding, who denied advance knowledge, received probation after pleading guilty to conspiracy to hinder prosecution.
    (AP, 1/6/99)
1994        Jan 6, President Clinton's mother, Virginia Kelley, died in Hot Springs, Ark., at age 70.
    (AP, 1/6/99)

1994        Jan 7, The US government reported the unemployment rate fell to a three-year low of 6.4 percent in December 1993.
    (AP, 1/7/99)
1994        Jan 7, Nancy Kerrigan withdrew from the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Detroit, a day after her right leg was severely bruised in an attack after a practice session.
    (AP, 1/7/99)

1994        Jan 8, Tonya Harding won the ladies' U.S. Figure Skating Championship in Detroit, a day after Nancy Kerrigan dropped out because of a clubbing attack that injured her right knee. The U.S. Figure Skating Assn. later stripped Harding of the title because of her involvement in the attack.
    (AP, 1/8/98)

1994        Jan 9, President Clinton began the first European trip of his administration in Belgium, where -- on the eve of a NATO summit -- he warned of a rising mood of nationalism in Russia that he said threatened Eastern Europe's march of democracy.
    (AP, 1/9/99)

1994        Jan 10, On the first day of a two-day NATO summit in Belgium, leaders signed a document inviting nations of the former Warsaw Pact to join in a "partnership for peace."
    (AP, 1/10/99)
1994        Jan 10, Talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators resumed in Taba, Egypt.
    (AP, 1/10/99)
1994        Jan 10, In Manassas, Va., Lorena Bobbitt went on trial, charged with malicious wounding of her husband, John. She had cut off her husband's penis and was acquitted by reason of temporary insanity.
    (AP, 1/10/99)

1994        Jan 11, NATO leaders concluded a summit in Belgium by warning Bosnian Serbs of their willingness to order bombing raids in former Yugoslavia to relieve embattled Muslim enclaves. President Clinton, who attended the summit, then traveled to the Czech Republic for a short visit.
    (AP, 1/11/99)
1994        Jan 11, John Bradley (70), raised US flag at Iwo Jima (1945), died.

1994        Jan 12, Pres. Clinton bowed to political pressure and asked that a special prosecutor be named to investigate his 1980's Whitewater land dealings with Arkansas businessman James B. McDougal.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A3)(AP, 1/12/99)
1994        Jan 12, President Clinton, en route to Russia, nailed down an agreement with Ukraine to eliminate the country's nuclear arsenal, the third-largest in the world.
    (AP, 1/12/99)
1994        Jan 12, In Mexico after an initial hard line, the government agreed to a cease-fire with the Zapatista rebels.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C2)

1994        Jan 13, President Clinton held talks in Moscow with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
    (AP, 1/13/99)
1994        Jan 13, In Los Angeles, the judge in the Erik Menendez murder case declared a mistrial after jurors could not reach a verdict.
    (AP, 1/13/04)
1994        Jan 13, Authorities in Portland, Ore., arrested Shawn Eckardt, a bodyguard for figure skater Tonya Harding, and Derrick Smith in connection with the attack on Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 1/13/99)

1994        Jan 14, In post-Cold War breakthroughs, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Kremlin accords to stop aiming missiles at any nation and to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.
    (AP, 1/14/99)
1994        Jan 14, In Phoenix, Ariz., Shane Stant, who admitted to being the "hit man" in the clubbing assault on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan, surrendered to authorities.
    (AP, 1/14/99)

1994        Jan 15, President Clinton paid solemn tribute to victims of Stalinist purges and German occupation during a six-hour stop in the former Soviet republic of Belarus before continuing on to Geneva.
    (AP, 1/15/99)
1994        Jan 15, George Allen began serving as Virginia’s 67th governor and served to 1998.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.34)(http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=A000121)
1994        Jan 15, Harry Nilsson (52), singer-songwriter died in Agoura Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 1/15/99)

1994        Jan 16, President Clinton held marathon talks in Geneva with Syrian President Hafez Assad, who offered Israel "normal, peaceful relations" in exchange for land.
    (AP, 1/16/99)

1994        Jan 16, In Moscow, Yegor Gaidar, first deputy prime minister and architect of Russia's market reforms, announced his resignation.
    (AP, 1/16/99)

1994        Jan 17, A 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck Southern California, killing at least 61 people and causing $20 billion worth of damage. Northridge quake hit the Los Angeles area. It killed 72 people. Insurance losses totaled $17.8 billion.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A3)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.B1)(AP, 1/17/98)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.73)
1994        Jan 17, Allan Odell died at age 90. He and his younger brother Leonard (d.1991) wrote some 7,000 Burma Shave poems beginning in 1925 in rural Minnesota. The Burma-Shave phenomenon faded in 1963, when Phillip Morris bought Burma-Vita and the signs began to come down.

1994        Jan 18, Retired Adm. Bobby Inman withdrew his nomination to be US defense secretary, denouncing what he called attacks on his character and reputation.
    (AP, 1/18/99)

1994        Jan 18, Iran-Contra prosecutor Lawrence Walsh released his final report in which he said former President Reagan had acquiesced in a cover-up of the scandal. Reagan called the accusation "baseless."
    (AP, 1/18/99)

1994        Jan 19, President Clinton visited quake-stricken Los Angeles, where he pledged fast and aggressive federal help.
    (AP, 1/19/99)
1994        Jan 19, Figure skater Tonya Harding's ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly, surrendered to authorities in Portland, Ore., after being charged with conspiring to attack skater Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 1/19/99)

1994        Jan 20, Robert B. Fiske Jr. was appointed by Attorney General Janet Reno as the special Whitewater prosecutor to investigate President and Mrs. Clinton's Arkansas land deals.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A3) (AP, 1/20/99)
1994        Jan 20, Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel in South Carolina. She joined the cadet corps in August 1995, under court order, but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress.
    (AP, 1/20/99)

1994        Jan 21, A jury in Manassas, Va., acquitted Lorena Bobbitt by reason of temporary insanity of maliciously wounding her husband John, whom she'd accused of sexually assaulting her.
    (AP, 1/1/99)
1994        Jan 21, Dow Jones passed 3900 to a record 3,914.20.
1994        Jan 21, In Argentina a fire near Puerto Madryn killed 25 fire cadets.
1994        Jan 21, Basil Assad (b.1961), the son of Syria’s Pres. Hafez Assad, was killed in a car accident.
    (SFEC, 6/11/00, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basil_al-Assad)

1994        Jan 22, "Schindler's List," Steven Spielberg's drama about the Holocaust, won Golden Globes for best dramatic picture and best director. It was based on the 1982 novel by Thomas Keneally, who received his information from Leopold Page, No. 173 on Schindler’s list.
    (AP, 1/22/99)(SFC, 3/14/01, p.C2)
1994        Jan 22, Jean-Louis Barrault (83), French actor (La Ronde), died.
1994        Jan 22, Actor Telly Savalas died in Universal City, Calif., a day after turning 70.
    (AP, 1/22/99)

1994        Jan 23, Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, visiting Japan, met with Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa, who promised to go through with a scheduled summit with President Clinton.
    (AP, 1/23/99)
1994        Jan 23, The Dallas Cowboys and the Buffalo Bills won their respective NFL conference playoffs to set up a Super Bowl rematch.
    (AP, 1/23/99)

1994        Jan 24, President Clinton promoted William J. Perry, the Pentagon's second in command, to the post of defense secretary.
    (AP, 1/24/99)
1994        Jan 24, The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that protesters who block access to abortion clinics or in other ways conspire to stop women from having abortions may be sued under federal anti-racketeering statutes.
    (AP, 1/24/99)

1994        Jan 25, President Clinton delivered his State of the Union address in which he challenged Congress to pass comprehensive health care reforms.
    (AP, 1/25/99)
1994        Jan 25, Singer Michael Jackson settled a child molestation lawsuit against him; terms were confidential, although one source put the monetary figure at least $10 million.
    (AP, 1/25/04)
1994        Jan 25, The United States launched Clementine I, an unmanned spacecraft that was to study the moon before it was "lost and gone forever."
    (AP, 1/25/99)

1994        Jan 26, A scare occurred during a visit to Sydney, Australia, by Britain's Prince Charles as a young man lunged at the prince, firing two blank shots from a starter's pistol.
    (AP, 1/26/99)
1994        Jan 26, The Belarus Parliament ousted its reform-minded leader, Stanislav Shushkevich, in protest against his support for market economics.
1994        Jan 26, Russian President Boris Yeltsin accepted the resignation of Finance Minister Boris Fyodorov, who warned of economic collapse and social unrest.
    (AP, 1/26/99)

1994        Jan 27, The US Senate passed a non-binding resolution, 62-38, calling on the Clinton administration to lift the U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.
    (AP, 1/27/04)
1994        Jan 27, Figure skater Tonya Harding appeared before reporters in Portland, Ore., to say that while she'd had no prior knowledge of the attack on her rival, Nancy Kerrigan, she had failed to report what she'd learned afterward.
    (AP, 1/27/99)

1994        Jan 28, In Los Angeles, Superior Court Judge Stanley Weisberg declared a mistrial in the case of Lyle Menendez, just over two weeks after a mistrial was declared in the case of Lyle's brother Erik; both juries deadlocked over whether the brothers were guilty of murder in the shooting deaths of their wealthy parents. They were later retried, convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 1/28/99)
1994        Jan 28, Helicopter crashed into an office building in San Jose, Calif. 1 person was killed.

1994        Jan 29, Japan's Parliament approved watershed measures to stem political corruption.
    (AP, 1/29/99)
1994        Jan 29, In South Africa, Nelson Mandela kicked off his party's campaign for the country's first multiracial elections.
    (AP, 1/29/99)

1994        Jan 30, The Dallas Cowboys repeated as NFL champions as they defeated the Buffalo Bills, 30-13, in the Super Bowl. It was the fourth straight Super Bowl loss for the Bills.
    (AP, 1/30/99)
1994        Jan 30, Pierre Boulle (b.1912), French writer (Executioner), died.
    {Writer, France}

1994        Jan 31, Barcelona opera theater "Gran Teatro del Liceo" burned down.
1994        Jan 31, In Somalia, a convoy of U.S. soldiers opened fire on hundreds of Somali civilians outside a food distribution center, killing at least eight.
    (AP, 1/31/99)
1994        Jan 31, Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams arrived in New York after being granted a 48-hour visa so that he could take part in a conference on Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 1/31/99)

1994        Jan, Garth Drabinsky acquired the rights to "Ragtime" (1975) by E.L. Doctorow. It was a book of intertwined stories of a ragtime pianist, an immigrant Jewish family and a middle-class white Protestant family at the beginning of the 20th century.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._L._Doctorow)
1994        Jan, US Pres. Clinton got NATO to reach eastward with the Partnership for Peace program.
    (WSJ, 10/20/97, p.A1)
1994        Jan, A US warrant was issued for the arrest of Isaac Amuah, a son-in-law of former South Africa President Nelson Mandela. He was charged with raping a US woman at his home in Connecticut in 1993. He went to South Africa before trial and never went back to the United States. On Feb 11, 2011, A South African judge decided not to extradite Amuah.
    (Reuters, 2/11/11)
1994        Jan, A synthetic bovine growth hormone became available for use in US cows. The rBST hormone, developed by Monsanto and marketed as Posilac, increased milk output in cows. By 2004 consumers had begun demanding rBST-free milk as part of a rising demand for products free of synthetic antibiotics and hormones.
    (SSFC, 3/25/07, p.D6)
1994        Jan, Katharine Kuh (b.1904), art curator, died in NYC. In 2006 Evis Burman edited Kuh’s memoir titled: “My Love Affair with Modern Art: Behind the Scenes with a Legendary Curator.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.81)
1994        Jan, Already holes for the foundations of the VLT (Very Large Telescope) have been dug out of the mountain, Cerro Paranal, in Chile’s Atacama Desert.
    (NG, p.27, Jan, 94)
1994        Jan, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar left as PM of Afghanistan and led forces of the Islamic Party (Hezb-i-Islami) against Pres. Burhanuddin Rabbani. Dostum and Hekmatyar continued to clash against Rabbani's government, and as a result Kabul was reduced to rubble.
    (SFC, 9/23/96, A12)(www.afghan, 5/25/98)
1994        Jan, In Honduras Liberal Party leader Carlos Roberto Reina took over as President and promised to prosecute corruption and end military influence over civil society.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C5)
1994        Jan, In Mexico poor Maya farmers staged an uprising at the Lancandon rain forest near Palenque.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, T-9)
1994        Jan, In Rwanda Canadian Gen. Romeo Dallaire was later reported to have faxed a warning to UN headquarters that preparations for a mass killing were underway.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.C14)
1994        Jan, Banco Latino failed and sparked a run on the currency that put Venezuela into its worst economic crises. Chairman Gomez Lopez left the country just before a warrant for his arrest on charges of fraud was issued. Ricardo Cisneros was on the board and fled after being charged with playing a role in the bank’s failure. Victor Vargas, head of Banco Occidental de Descuento, was able to snap up Banco Latino’s customers.
    (WSJ, 7/31/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/18/96, p.A14)(WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A14)

1994        Feb 1, Jeff Gillooly, Tonya Harding's ex-husband, pleaded guilty in Portland, Ore., to taking part in the attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan. Gillooly struck a plea bargain under which he confessed to racketeering charges in exchange for testimony implicating Harding.
    (AP, 2/1/99)

1994        Feb 2, The US Commerce Department reported that its Index of Leading Economic Indicators rose for the fifth straight month, with a 0.7 percent advance in December 1993.
    (AP, 2/2/04)
1994        Feb 2, Marija Alseika-Gimbutas (b.1921), Lithuanian-born archeologist and pre-historian, died in LA, Ca.
    (LHC, 1/23/03)

1994        Feb 3, President Clinton lifted the 19-year-old U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.
    (AP, 2/3/99)
1994        Feb 3, The US Senate confirmed William Perry to be defense secretary.
    (AP, 2/3/99)
1994        Feb 3, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan dismissed his aide, Khalid Abdul Muhammad, for making anti-Semitic remarks.
    (AP, 2/3/99)
1994        Feb 3, The space shuttle Discovery lifted off, carrying Sergei Krikalev, the first Russian cosmonaut to fly aboard a U.S. spacecraft.
    (AP, 2/3/99)

1994        Feb 4, The Federal Reserve increased interest rates for the first time in five years in a surprise announcement that triggered a huge sell-off on Wall Street; the Fed said the move was designed to head off any recurrence of high inflation. Alan Greenspan later admitted that the Fed acted to "prick the bubble in the equity markets."
    (AP, 2/4/99)(WSJ, 3/2/00, p.B20)
1994        Feb 4, In Khartoum, Sudan, five armed men attacked the mosque of Ansar al-Sunna during Friday prayers, killing 19 and injuring 26 of the worshippers.

1994        Feb 5, White separatist Byron De La Beckwith was convicted in Jackson, Miss., of murdering civil rights leader Medgar Evers in 1963, and was immediately sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/5/99)
1994        Feb 5, Sixty-eight people were killed when a mortar shell exploded in a marketplace in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 2/5/99)
1994        Feb 5, Ben Enwonwu (b.1917), Nigeria's most celebrated 20th Century visual artist, died in Lagos.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Enwonwu)(AP, 10/9/20)

1994        Feb 6, A day after a mortar shell killed 68 people in a Sarajevo marketplace, President Clinton called for a United Nations probe.
    (AP, 2/6/99)
1994        Feb 6, Actor Joseph Cotten died in Los Angeles at age 88.
    (AP, 2/6/99)
1994        Feb 6, Jack Kirby (76), cartoonist (X-Men, Spiderman, Hulk), died.

1994        Feb 7, President Clinton sent Congress his $1.5 trillion budget plan, declaring cuts in hundreds of programs would achieve a deficit-reduction record unequaled since President Truman's administration.
    (AP, 2/7/99)

1994        Feb 8, President Clinton's health-care proposal suffered a blow as the Congressional Budget Office released an analysis saying that the plan would not shrink federal deficits, but instead drive them higher.
    (AP, 2/8/99)

1994        Feb 9, PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres initialed an agreement on security measures that had been blocking a peace accord.
    (AP, 2/9/99)
1994        Feb 9, NATO delivered an ultimatum to Bosnian Serbs to remove heavy guns encircling Sarajevo, or face air strikes. Hours before the ultimatum was issued, the Bosnian Serbs agreed to withdraw their artillery and mortars from around Sarajevo.
    (AP, 2/9/99)(www.fas.org/man/gao/nsiad-95-148.htm)
1994        Feb 9, Jarmila Novotna (86), Czech-US soprano (Madame Butterfly), died.

1994        Feb 10, The US Senate approved $8.6 billion in relief for victims of the Jan 17 Los Angeles earthquake. The House approved the measure the next day, and President Clinton signed it the day after that.
    (AP, 2/10/99)
1994        Feb 10, Jeannie Flynn (b.1966)), the first female combat pilot in the US Air Force, finished flight training in the F-15.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n5ehhg)(NPub, 2002, p.26)

1994        Feb 11, President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa, meeting at the White House, failed to resolve key differences on trade.
    (AP, 2/11/99)
 1994        Feb 11, A judge in Fort Worth, Texas, ordered Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison acquitted of ethics charges after prosecutors refused to present their case.
    (AP, 2/11/04)
1994        Feb 11, The space shuttle "Discovery" returned from an eight-day mission.
    (AP, 2/11/99)
1994        Feb 11, Actor William Conrad died in Los Angeles at age 73.
    (AP, 2/11/99)

1994        Feb 12, President Clinton signed an $8.6 billion relief package for victims of the Jan 17 Northridge earthquake in Southern California.
    (AP, 2/12/99)
1994        Feb 12, The XVII Winter Olympic Games opened in Lillehammer, Norway. The official song was "Fire in Your Heart."
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 3/12/98, p.A16)(AP, 2/12/99)

1994        Feb 13, At the Winter Olympic Games in Lillehammer, Norway, American Tommy Moe won the men's downhill, defeating local hero Kjetil Andre Aamodt by 0.004 seconds.
    (AP, 2/13/99)

1994        Feb 14, President Clinton used his first annual economic report to proclaim his policies had put the country on track for rising prosperity for years to come.
    (AP, 2/14/99)
1994        Feb 14, At the Winter Olympics in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen slipped and fell during the 500 meters race.
    (AP, 2/14/99)
1994        Feb 14, Andrei Tsjikatilo, [Rostov Ripper], Russian mass murderer, was executed.

1994        Feb 15, US asked Aristide to adopt a peace plan for Haiti.
1994        Feb 15, US Navy chief Adm. Frank Kelso II agreed to early retirement because of criticism over the Tailhook sex abuse scandal.
    (AP, 2/15/99)
1994         Feb 15, Drifter Danny Harold Rolling entered a surprise guilty plea to the 1990 murders of five college students in Gainesville, Fla. In all, Rolling confessed to killing eight people, though there may have been more. As a result of his murder convictions, Rolling was executed by lethal injection on October 25, 2006.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Rolling#Execution)(AP, 2/15/04)
1994        Feb 15, Viacom won a hard-fought victory to acquire Paramount Communications.
    (AP, 2/15/99)

1994        Feb 16, Figure skaters Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan encountered each other at the Winter Olympic Games in Norway before posing for the U.S. team photograph.
    (AP, 2/16/99)
1994        Feb 16, At least 217 people were killed when a powerful earthquake shook Indonesia's Sumatra island.
    (AP, 2/16/99)

1994        Feb 17, The U.S. government reported a record trade deficit with Japan the previous year.
    (AP, 2/17/99)
1994        Feb 17, Randy Shilts (b.1951), San Francisco-based author and journalist, died of AIDS in Guerneville, Ca. His books included "And the Band Played On: Politics, People and the AIDS Epidemic" (1987).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randy_Shilts)(SSFC, 2/17/19, p.46)
1994        Feb 17, Bosnian Serbs began large-scale withdrawal of its heavy guns from the hills around Sarajevo under pressure from Russia.
    (AP, 2/17/99)

1994        Feb 18, President Clinton notified Congress he was prepared to order bombing by U.S. warplanes in Bosnia.
    (AP, 2/18/99)
1994        Feb 18, At the Winter Olympic Games in Norway, speedskater Dan Jansen finally won a gold medal, breaking the world record in the 1,000 meters.
    (AP, 2/18/99)

1994        Feb 19, American speedskater Bonnie Blair won the fourth Olympic gold medal of her career as she won the 500-meter race in Lillehammer, Norway.
    (AP, 2/19/99)
1994        Feb 19, With Bosnian Serbs facing a NATO deadline to withdraw heavy weapons encircling Sarajevo or face air strikes, President Clinton delivered an address from the Oval Office reaffirming the ultimatum.
    (AP, 2/19/99)
1994        Feb 19, Derek Jarman, British film-maker and artist, died in London of AIDS-related illness. Jarman was outspoken about homosexuality, his public fight for gay rights, and his personal struggle with AIDS. His books included the autobiography "Dancing Ledge" (1984) and  two volumes of diaries "Modern Nature" and "Smiling in Slow Motion".

1994        Feb 20, Pope John Paul II demanded juristic discrimination of homosexuals.
1994        Feb 20, Three armed Afghans seized a school bus in Islamabad with some 70 passengers including Pakistani children.
1994        Feb 20, Bosnian Serbs, faced with the threat of air strikes, pulled back most of their heavy guns from around Sarajevo as a NATO deadline approached.
    (AP, 2/20/99)

1994        Feb 21, With Bosnian Serbs complying with a NATO ultimatum to remove heavy guns near Sarajevo, President Clinton promised renewed efforts to help "reinvigorate the peace process."
    (AP, 2/21/99)

1994        Feb 22, The Justice Department charged 31-year CIA counterintelligence veteran Aldrich H. Ames and his wife, Rosario, with selling national security secrets to the Soviet Union. He passed information from 1985 to 1994 that included the names of US agents. Ames was later sentenced to life in prison; his wife received a 5-year term. Ames’ disclosures led to the execution of at least 10 FBI-recruited Soviet and Warsaw Pact agents.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)(AP, 2/22/99)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)

1994        Feb 23, Nancy Kerrigan led the women's figure skating short program at the Winter Olympics in Norway, while Tonya Harding placed tenth.
    (AP, 2/23/99)
1994        Feb 23, Military chiefs of Bosnia's Muslim-led government and their second-strongest foes, Bosnia's Croats, signed a truce.
    (AP, 2/23/99)
1994        Feb 23, In Egypt, an explosion hit a train in Assiut. 6 foreign tourists were hurt. The militant Islamic group Gama’a al-Islamiya claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A17)
1994        Feb 23, Russia's new parliament took a swipe at President Boris Yeltsin by granting amnesty to leaders of the 1991 Soviet coup and the hard-liners who'd fought him in 1993.
    (AP, 2/23/99)

1994        Feb 24, US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders labeled smoking an "adolescent addiction" and accused the tobacco industry of trying to convince teen-agers that cigarettes will make them sexy and successful.
    (AP, 2/24/99)
1994        Feb 24, Entertainer Dinah Shore died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 76.
    (AP, 2/24/99)
1994        Feb 24, Jean Sablon (87), French crooner, died.

1994        Feb 25, In the Hebron massacre, Jewish settler Dr. Baruch Goldstein opened fire on Palestinians praying in the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron and killed 29 people. Some 100 others were wounded. Surviving Palestinians killed him before he could reload.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A12)(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(MT, Fall/03, p.15)
1994        Feb 25, At the Winter Olympics in Norway, Oksana Baiul of Ukraine won the gold medal in ladies' figure skating while Nancy Kerrigan won the silver and Chen Lu of China the bronze; Tonya Harding came in eighth.
    (AP, 2/25/99)
1994        Feb 25, Jersey Joe Walcott (80), boxer, died.

1994        Feb 26, A jury in San Antonio acquitted 11 followers of David Koresh of murder, rejecting claims they had ambushed federal agents; five were convicted of manslaughter.
    (AP, 2/26/99)
1994        Feb 26, Bill Hicks (32), writer and comedian, died in Little Rock, Ark.

1994        Feb 27, The Winter Olympic Games ended in Lillehammer, Norway.
    (AP, 2/27/99)
1994        Feb 27, A Maronite church near Beirut was bombed and 10 people were killed.

1994        Feb 28, Brady Law, imposing a wait-period to buy a hand-gun, went into effect. It amended a 1968 law that prohibited felons from buying guns and imposed a 5-day waiting period for handgun purchases to allow for a criminal record check.
    (SFC, 12/4/96, p.A5)(www.bradycenter.org/about/)
1994        Feb 28, Two U.S. F-16 fighter jets downed four Serb warplanes that U.N. officials said had bombed an arms plant run by Bosnia's Muslim-led government. This was the first NATO use of force in the troubled area.
    (AP, 2/28/99)(HN, 2/28/99)
1994        Feb 28, Pu Chieh (87), brother of last Chinese emperor, Pu Yi (d.1967), died.

1994        Feb, PBS aired Armistead Maupin's "Tales of the City." Though the show received high ratings, no follow ups were scheduled. Maupin later accused PBS of buckling under conservative pressures.
    (SSFC, 4/7/19, DB p.38)
1994        Feb, The US Consumer Product Safety Commission learned that a type of plastic flue pipe on mid-efficiency gas furnaces, called "high temperature plastic vent" or HTPV, had become associated with several deaths in the US.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, z-1 p.5)
1994        Feb, Anthony Marceca, a civilian Army investigator, returned to the Pentagon after working for 6 months at the White House under Craig Livingstone.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)

1994        Feb, Ethicon Corp. recalled some 2,600 packages of its prolene and silk sutures. In Sept. the company recalled its dissolving Vicryl sutures. The firm later made settlement with at least 22 victims, who blamed the sutures for infections.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A17)

1994        Feb, Scientists at the Fermi National Lab announced evidence for the top quark, which researchers had been searching for since 1977. Based on a theory called the Standard model, the existence of six types of quarks was postulated to explain the origin and structure of matter. "the top quark has the mass of an entire gold atom." (Prof. Dante Amidei). To produce a particle as massive as the top quark, CDF physicists had to reproduce conditions that existed shortly after the "big bang," which created the original  top quarks and everything else in the universe 18 billion years ago.
    (LSA, Fall ‘94, p.40)

1994        Feb, Nigerian and Cameroon forces clashed over the Bakassi region on the fishing and oil-rich Gulf of Guinea.
    (SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)

1994        Mar 1, At the 36th annual Grammy Awards, Whitney Houston won best female pop vocalist and record of the year for "I Will Always Love You"; "The Bodyguard" won album of the year.
    (AP, 3/1/99)
1994        Mar 1, Falling four votes shy of a two-thirds majority, the US Senate rejected a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution.
    (AP, 3/1/99)
1994        Mar 1, Martti Ahtisaari was inaugurated as President of Finland.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A10)(SC, 3/1/02)
1994        Mar 1, A Lebanese immigrant opened fire on a van of Hasidic students on New York's Brooklyn Bridge, killing one.
    (AP, 3/1/99)

1994        Mar 2, The government of Mexico and Indian rebels reached a tentative accord on most insurgent demands for the ending the rebellion, including sweeping political reforms.
    (AP, 3/299)

1994        Mar 3, "Damn Yankees" opened at Marquis Theater in NYC for 510 performances.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1994        Mar 3, "Philoktetes Variations", with Ron Vawter, premiered in Brussels.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1994        Mar 3, Amid continuing trade tensions with Japan, President Clinton issued an executive order reviving an expired provision of U.S. trade law known as Super 301, which provided a strict timetable for results.
    (AP, 3/3/99)

1994        Mar 4, In New York, four extremists were convicted of the World Trade Center bombing that killed six people and injured more than a thousand.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1994        Mar 4,  US Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell announced he would not seek re-election.
    (AP, 3/4/04)
1994        Mar 4, In Florida Eddie Wayne Davis raped and killed Kimberly Waters (11), the daughter of a woman that he had briefly dated. He threw her body in a commercial trash bin. Davis was convicted in 1995 and executed on July 10, 2014.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ovr7cod)(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A14)
1994        Mar 4, The space shuttle STS-62, Columbia 16, blasted off on a two-week mission.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1994        Mar 4, John Candy (b.1950), Canadian born actor and comedian, died in Durango, Mexico.
    (AP, 3/4/99)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0001006/)
1994        Mar 4, In Egypt machine-gun fire fatally wounded a German woman on a Nile cruise ship at Abu Tig.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C2)

1994        Mar 5, White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaum resigned in the wake of turmoil over the Clinton administration's handling of questions related to Whitewater.
    (AP, 3/5/99)
1994        Mar 5, A jury in Pensacola, Fla., convicted anti-abortion activist Michael F. Griffin of first-degree murder in the shooting death of Dr. David Gunn; Griffin was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/5/99)

1994        Mar 6, Two top Clinton administration officials, Vice President Al Gore and White House adviser George Stephanopoulos, appeared on the Sunday TV talk shows to blame Republican sniping for much of the furor over Whitewater.
    (AP, 3/6/99)
1994        Mar 6, In Arizona a 2nd 7-member crew entered the Biosphere 2. Their mission was cut short under management problems and reorganization.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)
1994        Mar 6, Melina Mercouri (b.1920), Greek born actress turned politician, died of lung cancer in New York City.
    (AP, 3/6/99)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0580479/)

1994        Mar 7, The Supreme Court ruled that parodies that poke fun at an original work can be considered "fair use" that doesn't require permission from the copyright holder.
    (AP, 3/7/99)
1994        Mar 7, The U.S. Navy issued its first permanent orders assigning women to regular duty on a combat ship -- in this case, the USS Eisenhower.
    (AP, 3/7/99)
1994        Mar 7, At San Quentin prison officer Timothy Scott shot and killed inmate Mark Adams. In 1998 a federal jury awarded the Adams family $2.3 million following a trial based on wrongful death.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A15)

1994        Mar 8, President Clinton announced the appointment of Washington attorney Lloyd Cutler as senior counsel, replacing Bernard Nussbaum.
    (AP, 3/8/99)
1994        Mar 8, The US Defense Department announced a smoking ban for workplaces ranging from the Pentagon to battle tanks.
    (AP, 3/8/99)
1994        Mar 8, The IRA launch the 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London's Heathrow Airport.

1994        Mar 9, The U.N. Human Rights Commission condemned anti-Semitism, putting the world body on record for the first time as opposing discrimination against Jews.
    (AP, 3/9/99)
1994        Mar 9, Fernando Rey (b.1917), Spanish actor (French Connection), died of cancer.

1994        Mar 10, White House officials began testifying before a federal grand jury about the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 3/10/99)
1994        Mar 10, Sara Kruzan (b.1978) of Riverside, Ca., killed her alleged pimp after she was forced into prostitution. She was convicted of 1st-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sara_Kruzan)

1994        Mar 11, Secretary of State Warren Christopher arrived in Beijing, the mood of his trip already soured by a fresh government crackdown on Chinese dissidents.
    (AP, 3/11/99)
1994        Mar 11, Eduardo Frei (b.1942) began office as president of Chile.

1994        Mar 12, Secretary of State Warren Christopher held discussions with Chinese leaders in Beijing that were marked by blunt exchanges on human rights.
    (AP, 3/12/99)
1994        Mar 12, The Anglican Church of England ordained its first (33) women priests.
    (AP, 3/12/98)(SFC, 5/19/00, p.D7)

1994        Mar 13, The Israeli Cabinet outlawed two Jewish extremist groups, Kach and Kahane Lives, branding them terrorist organizations.
    (AP, 3/13/99)
1994        Mar 13, A South African diplomat took over as leader of Bophuthatswana as the black homeland's president, Lucas Mangope, was deposed.
    (AP, 3/13/99)
1994        Mar 13, The oil tanker Nassia collided with an empty cargo ship at the entrance of the Bosporus. 27-29 people lost their lives. 9,000 tons of petroleum spilled and 20,000 tons burned for four days long affecting the marine environment.
    (www.bosphorusstrait.com/the-bosporus-strait/incidents/)(AP, 4/27/11)

1994        Mar 14, Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, a longtime friend of President and Mrs. Clinton, resigned because of controversy over billings he'd charged while in private law practice.
    (AP, 3/14/99)(www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/white_house/april97/hubbell_4-2.html)
1994        Mar 14, US Secretary of State Warren Christopher wrapped up three days of meetings with Chinese leaders, who rejected attempts to link their human rights record with preferred trade status.
    (AP, 3/14/99)

1994        Mar 15, Illinois Congressman Dan Rostenkowski, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, defeated four Democratic primary challengers in his bid for re-election.
    (AP, 3/15/99)

1994        Mar 16, Figure skater Tonya Harding pleaded guilty in Portland, Ore., to conspiracy to hinder prosecution for covering up the attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan, avoiding jail but drawing a $100,000 fine.
    (AP, 3/16/99)
1994        Mar 16, Russia agreed to phase out production of weapons-grade plutonium.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1994        Mar 17, Secretary of State Warren Christopher, just back from China, told a House subcommittee that reports the trip was a failure were "rather misleading," and said Beijing had made "solid improvements" in areas of prison labor and immigration.
    (AP, 3/17/99)
1994        Mar 17, Mae Zetterling (b.1925), Swedish director and actress (Night Games), died.

1994        Mar 18, The space shuttle Columbia returned from a two-week mission.
    (AP, 3/18/99)
1994        Mar 18, Published reports said first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton had made nearly $100,000 from the commodities market in the late 1970's on an initial investment of only $1,000.
    (AP, 3/18/99)
1994        Mar 18, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-born actress, filed for bankruptcy.
1994        Mar 18, Bosnian Muslims and Croats agreed to a federation between them and confederation with Croatia in an agreement brokered by the US. Pres. Tudjman of Croatia approached US diplomats about possible arms shipments from Iran.
    (AP, 3/18/04)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)
1994          Mar 18, Lithuania and Poland signed an agreement in Warsaw on friendship and neighborly cooperation.
    (LHC, 3/18/03)
1994        Mar 18, The South Africa Goldstone Commission published a report which finally confirmed that senior South African Police (SAP) officials had been involved in supplying Inkatha with weapons and financial support.
1994        Mar 18, The U.N. Security Council unanimously condemned the Hebron mosque massacre.
    (AP, 3/18/04)

1994        Mar 19, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton promised to tell people "all across America about our health reform plan and what it really means."
    (AP, 3/19/99)
1994        Mar 19, Cambodian government seizes control of Pailin, the Khmer Rouge main stronghold.
    (AP, 3/19/02)
1994        Mar 19, Giuseppe Diana, Italian anti-mafia priest, was murdered.
1994        Mar 19, Talks between North Korea and South Korea collapsed, imperiling a U.S.-brokered deal to resolve the North Korean nuclear dispute.
    (AP, 3/19/99)

1994        Mar 20, El Salvador held its first presidential election following the country's 12-year-old civil war. Armando Calderon Sol of the ARENA party led the vote, but needed to win a run-off to achieve the presidency.
    (AP, 3/20/99)
1994        Mar 20, Ilaria Alpi (32), Italian journalist, was shot and killed in Somalia along with her cameraman, Miran Hrovatin, on the same day that Italian troops left the country. She had collected evidence of brutality by Italian officers against Somalis along with evidence of illegal gun-running.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A8)

1994        Mar 21, "Schindler's List" won best picture at the 66th Academy Awards; Holly Hunter was named best actress for "The Piano" while Tom Hanks was named best actor for "Philadelphia."
    (AP, 3/21/99)
1994        Mar 21, Actor Macdonald Carey died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 81.
    (AP, 3/21/99)
1994        Mar 21, Lili Damita (b.1904), French-born actress and first wife of Errol Flynn (Bridge of San Luis Rey), died.
1994        Mar 21, Bolivia’s Congress approved a new capitalization program.
    (WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A8)

1994        Mar 22, The US Federal Reserve for fear of inflation announced it was raising short-term interest rates from 3.25 to 3.5%, the second such boost of the year. By Nov the 10-year bond rate rose to 8% from about 5.4% the previous September.
    (AP, 3/22/99)(SSFC, 7/6/03, p.I1)
1994        Mar 22, "Woody Woodpecker" creator Walter Lantz died in Burbank, Calif., at age 93.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1994        Mar 23, Wayne Gretzky broke Gordie Howe’s National Hockey League career record with his 802nd goal.
    (AP, 3/23/99)
1994        Mar 23, Amy Fisher's lover, Joey Buttafuoco, was released from jail after 4 months and 9 days. [see NY, Nov 15, 1993]
    (SS, 3/23/02)
1994        Mar 23, Twenty-three paratroopers were killed when a F-16 fighter jet and C-130 transport collided while landing at Pope Air Force Base in North Carolina and the F-16 skidded into another transport on the ground.
    (AP, 3/23/99)
1994        Mar 23, In Mexico Luis Donaldo Colosio (44), the ruling party's pres. candidate, was murdered while campaigning in Tijuana, Mexico. Mario Aburto later confessed to shooting Colosio twice and was sentenced to a 45-year sentence. The events were later examined by Sebastian Rotella in his book: "Twilight on the Line: Underworlds and Politics at the US-Mexican Border."
    (WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-13)(SFC, 8/8/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 1/25/98, BR p.9)
1994        Mar 23, Actress Giulietta Masina (b.1921 ), wife of Federico Felini, died in Rome.
    (AP, 3/23/99)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0556399/)
1994        Mar 23, A Russian Airbus A-310 crashed in Siberia and some 70 people were killed.
1994        Mar 23, Alvaro del Portillo (b.1914), a Spanish engineer and Roman Catholic bishop, died in Rome. He served as the prelate of Opus Dei between 1982 and 1994 and was declared Venerable by Pope Benedict XVI on June 28, 2012. His beatification was held on September 27, 2014.

1994        Mar 24, President Clinton held a news conference in which he acknowledged he had significantly overstated the loss in his Whitewater land investment and promised to release late 1970's tax returns to answer questions on the land deal.
    (AP, 3/24/99)

1994        Mar 25, The US Senate approved a $1.51 trillion budget.
    (AP, 3/25/04)
1994        Mar 25, American troops completed their withdrawal from Somalia following a largely unsuccessful fifteen-month mission. 20,000 U.N. troops were left behind to keep the peace and facilitate "nation building."
    (AP, 3/25/99)

1994        Mar 26, The Senate passed President Clinton's education reform measure, the "Goals 2000" bill, 63-22.
    (AP, 3/26/99)
1994        Mar 26, U.N. peacekeepers in Bosnia-Herzegovina destroyed a Serb bunker following a seven-hour exchange of fire.
    (AP, 3/26/99)

1994        Mar 27, More than 40 people were killed as violent thunderstorms tore across the Southeast. A church in Piedmont, Alabama, collapsed in a tornado and 19 were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/99)
1994        Mar 27, Italians went to the polls in general elections that resulted in big gains for a right-wing coalition. Silvio Berlusconi’s center-right grouping won the election.
    (AP, 3/27/99)(Econ, 11/26/05, Survey p.10)
1994        Mar 27, Ukraine held its first parliamentary elections since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 3/27/99)

1994        Mar 28, In Johannesburg, South Africa, ANC guards killed more than 50 people in violence that erupted during a march by Zulu nationalists.
    (AP, 3/28/99)(WSJ, 3/29/96, p.A-1)
1994        Mar 28, Absurdist playwright Eugene Ionesco died in Paris at age 81.
    (AP, 3/28/99)

1994        Mar 29, Dallas Cowboys coach Jimmy Johnson resigned, capping a longstanding feud with team owner Jerry Jones.
    (AP, 3/29/04)
1994        Mar 29, Mexico's ruling party picked Ernesto Zedillo to be its new presidential candidate, replacing the assassinated Luis Donaldo Colosio.
    (AP, 3/29/99)
1994        Mar 29, Bill Travers (72), British actor (Trio, Gorgo, Born Free), died.

1994        Mar 30, The Clinton administration announced it was lifting virtually all export controls on non-military products to China and the former Soviet bloc.
    (AP, 3/30/99)
1994        Mar 30, Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end their war in Croatia while Bosnian Muslims and Serbs continued to battle each other.
    (AP, 3/30/99)

1994        Mar 31, The PLO and Israel agreed to resume talks on Palestinian autonomy, more than a month after the Hebron mosque massacre.
    (AP, 3/31/99)

1994        Mar, Pres. Clinton tacitly approved covert Iranian arms shipments to Bosnia despite a UN  arms embargo.
    (SFC, 4/5/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1994        Mar, Minnesota officials issued an arrest warrant for Shawn Sullivan on charges of molesting 2 girls (11) and raping another (14). He escaped to Ireland as prosecutors prepared to file charges, and while staying there was convicted of sexually assaulting two 12-year-old girls. In 2010 he was arrested in London. In 2012 Britain's High Court blocked a US government bid to extradite him to Minnesota, saying the state's restrictive treatment program for sex offenders was far too draconian.
    (AP, 6/28/12)(www.startribune.com/local/south/134474288.html)
1994        Mar, Apple Corp. introduced the Power Macintosh. It used the PowerPC chip co-developed with IBM. It was able to run both Apple and Microsoft software.
    (Hem, Mar. 95, p.89)(SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
1994        Mar, Two other neutrino telescopes (Amanda, under construction in the deep ice of Antarctica, and Nestor, in the planning stage for deployment in the Mediterranean Sea), will complement DUMAND, the Hawaiian detector.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 40)
1994        Mar, The China Development Bank was founded to support state policies to implement disciplined development and build harmonious society.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China_Development_Bank)
1994        Mar, ANC guards killed a number of Zulus during a demonstration in South Africa.
    (WSJ, 3/29/96, p.A-1)
1994        Mar, In Slovakia Pres. Kovac called for and parliament approved the removal of prime minister Vladimir Meciar. Later in the year Meciar’s party won a plurality and he was renamed prime minister.
    (SFC, 5/29/97, p.A13)
1994        Mar, In Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan was elected mayor of Istanbul as candidate from Erbakan's Welfare party.
    (AP, 11/4/02)

1994        Apr 1, The US government reported the nation's unemployment rate for March remained unchanged from February, at 6.5 percent.
    (AP, 4/1/04)
1994        Apr 1, In Guatemala Judge Gonzalez Dubon was assassinated. He had recently signed an order to extradite to the US former Army Lt. Col. Carlos Ochoa Ruiz on drug trafficking charges.
    (WSJ, 8/13/99, p.A11)
1994        Apr 1, Leon Degrelle (b.1906), Belgium-born founder of the fascist Rexist party, died in Malaga, Spain. He was a Walloon Belgian politician, who founded Rexism and later joined the Nazi German Waffen SS (becoming a leader of its Walloon contingent). After World War II, he was a prominent figure in the neo-Nazi and Holocaust denial movements.

1994        Apr 2, President Clinton warned Americans against "demagogues of division" in his weekly radio address, while calling for greater personal responsibility and cooperation to overcome the nation's problems.
    (AP, 4/2/99)

1994        Apr 2, In California Preston Tate was shot and killed by guards during an allegedly staged fight at the Corcoran State Prison.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A26)
1994        Apr 2, Consumer reporter Betty Furness died in Hartsdale, N.Y., at age 78.
    (AP, 4/2/99)

1994        Apr 3, Frank Wells, president of the Walt Disney Co., died in helicopter crash while returning from a ski trip in Nevada’s Ruby Mountains.
1994        Apr 3, In his Easter Sunday address, Pope John Paul II expressed hope that the joy of Christianity would overwhelm the din of violence and hate.
    (AP, 4/3/99)

1994        Apr 4, The University of Arkansas won the NCAA basketball championship, defeating Duke 76-72.
    (AP, 4/4/99)
1994        Apr 4, On Wall Street, stocks plummeted in violent spasms of selling that sent the Dow industrial down more than 40 points to a six-month low.
    (AP, 4/4/99)
1994        Apr 4, Jim Clark and Marc Andreeson founded Mosaic Communications Corp., the predecessor of Netscape Communications. The company soon introduced the Netscape Navigator browser.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)(SSFC, 5/20/18, p.D1)

1994        Apr 5, "Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect" opened at the John Golden Theater in NYC for 347 performances.
1994        Apr 5, President Clinton presided over a 90-minute town hall meeting in Charlotte, N.C., in which he called himself the victim of "false charges" in connection with the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 4/5/99)
1994        Apr 5, A US Navy A-6E bomber jet slammed into the San Francisco Bay killing both the pilot and navigator.
    (SSFC, 3/31/19, DB p.39)
1994        Apr 5, Kurt Cobain (b.1967), singer-musician for the grunge band Nirvana, committed suicide in Seattle. His body was found on April 8 at his Lake Washington Boulevard home.
    (AP, 4/8/97)(SFEC, 2/2/97, DB. p.52)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Cobain)
1994        Apr 5, Andre Victor Tchelistcheff (b.1901), Russian-born winemaker, died in California. He developed frost-prevention techniques and helped curb vine disease in Napa Valley. Beside managing Beaulieu Vineyards in Napa for 35 years, Tchelistcheff operated a private wine laboratory in St. Helena for 15 years. He also assembled a fabled library of wine literature.

1994        Apr 6, Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun announced his retirement after 24 years. Two months before his retirement he declared his opposition to capital punishment because the system was fraught with discrimination and mistakes. He stepped aside to allow Pres. Clinton to appoint his replacement. In 1999 David N. Atkinson published "Leaving the Bench," a historical look At the conditions under which Supreme Court justices retire.
    (AP, 4/6/97)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 8/11/99, p.A16)
1994        Apr 6, A car rigged with explosives detonated next to a bus in Afula, Israel. 8 Israelis were killed and 45 wounded in Hamas's 1st car bombing.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 4/6/99)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)
1994        Apr 6, The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi were killed on a return trip from Tanzania in a mysterious plane crash near Kigali, Rwanda; widespread violence erupted in Rwanda over claims the plane had been shot down: Agatha Uwilingiyimana, Rwanda’s and Africa’s 1st female PM, Cyprian Niayamira (Ntaryamira), president of Burundi (1993-94) and Juvenal Habyarimana, president of Rwanda (1973) were killed along with the French aircrew. In Rwanda the Interhamwe, an extremist organization, and the Rwandan armed forces, FAR, launched a massacre of Tutsis and sympathizers that killed some 800,000. [see Aug 1, 1997] A French report in 2004 concluded that Paul Kagame, Tutsi rebel leader, was behind the crash. In 2010 a Rwandan government-commissioned inquiry said Rwandan Hutu soldiers shot down the Hutu president's plane and sparked the slaughter of more than 500,000 people. In 2012 a French judge determined that the missile fire that brought down the plane and sparked the Rwanda genocide came from a military camp, and not Tutsi rebels. This finding supported the theory that Habyarimana was killed by extremist members of his own ethnic Hutu camp.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)(AP, 4/6/99)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A8)(AP, 1/12/10)(AFP, 1/11/12)

1994        Apr 7, Angelus Gottfried "Golo" Mann (85), German-US historian, died.
1994        Apr 7, Civil war erupted in Rwanda, a day after a mysterious plane crash claimed the lives of the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi. Former Defense Minister Colonel Theoneste Bagosora reportedly instigated the killing spree by Hutu militia. Within twenty-four hours fighting resulted in the deaths of Agathe Uwilingiyimana, the prime minister of Rwanda, Joseph Kavaruganda, the president of the Supreme Court and hundreds of others. In the months that followed, hundreds of thousands of minority Tutsi and Hutu intellectuals were slaughtered. In Kibeho thousands of Tutsis gathered in a church where they were bombed, shot or hacked to death by Hutu soldiers and militiamen.
    (AP, 4/7/99)(SFC, 4/8/99, p.C3)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A19)(MC, 4/7/02)
1994        Apr 7, UN officer Colonel Luc Marchal ordered troops to escort Rwandan prime minister Agathe Uwilingyimana to a radio station in Kigali. The party was ambushed, the troops hacked to death, and the prime minister was raped and murdered. Augustin Ndindiliyimana, head of the Gendarmerie Nationale, was later charged in the killing of 10 Belgian peacekeepers charged with guarding Uwilingyimana and for his role in the Tutsi extermination. Ndindiliyimana was arrested in Belgium in 2000.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A16)
1994        Apr 7, In Rwanda Augustin Bizimungu made a speech, several days before he was made army chief, in the northern district of Mukingo, calling for the killing of Tutsis. Bizimungu was arrested in Angola in 2002. In 2011 he received a 30-year jail term for his role in the mass killing of Tutsis.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
1994        Apr 7, Pope John Paul II made remarks at the conclusion of a concert in commemoration of the Shoah (holocaust), in which he acknowledged the Nazi Holocaust killing of Jews.

1994        Apr 8, Smoking was banned in Pentagon and all US military bases.
1994        Apr 8, Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa announced his intention to resign in the wake of an ever-widening financial scandal. In 1998 Hosokawa abandoned politics and began studying ceramics. In 2006 his pieces fetched as much as $10,000.
    (AP, 4/8/99)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.A21)
1994        Apr 8, In Rwanda Jean Kambanda was appointed prime minister of the interim government. He went on radio and urged fellow Hutus to abuse, hurt and kill Tutsis and Hutu moderates. He pleaded guilty in 1998 to charges that he incited the slaughter of over 800,000 Rwandans.
    (SFC, 5/2/98, p.A8)
1994        Apr 8, In Rwanda more than 1,400 Tutsis were massacred by Hutu militia at a church atop a hill in Kesho.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
1994        Apr 8, About this time the commander of UN forces in Rwanda warned Kofi Annan, head of the UN Peacekeeping operations, that the Kigali government was planning to slaughter Tutsis. Annan’s office ordered Gen’l. Romeo Dallaire of Canada not to protect the informant or to confiscate arms stockpiles. Annan later claimed that he lacked the military might and political backing to stop the slaughter of more than 500,000 people.
    (USAT, 5/4/98, p.9A)(USAT, 5/5/98, p.11A)

1994        Apr 8-1994 Jun 20, In 2007 a prosecution indictment at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Tanzania said that during this period: “… at the Holy Family parish, Father Wenceslas Munyeshyaka drew up a plan to rape Tutsi women," and "designated several Tutsi civilians who were kidnapped and murdered."
    (AFP, 6/21/07)

1994        Apr 9, The space shuttle Endeavour blasted off on an 11-day mission that included mapping the Earth's surface in three dimensions.
    (AP, 4/9/99)
1994        Apr 9, Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali ordered U.N. troops to use "all available means" to roll back Serb military gains in the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, Bosnia.
    (AP, 4/9/99)
1994        Apr 9, The Bosnian Serbs had mounted an aggressive assault on Gorazde and pounded its 65,000 citizens with heavy artillery.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)
1994        Apr 9, In Kigali, Rwanda, a crowd of neighbors tossed grenades and poured gasoline on the home of the home of Thetime Nkaka and his pregnant wife Jeanette Mukantwali (23). Matata Godefroid, a Hutu soldier, was later identified as the ringleader. He was sentenced to life in prison in Jan 23, 2001.
    (SFC, 4/8/02, p.A6)

1994        Apr 10, Two U.S. F-16 fighters bombed Bosnian Serb targets in Gorazde, which was under heavy attack. This was NATO's first-ever attack on ground positions. A second air strike took place the following day.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 4/10/99)

1994        Apr 11, The White House disclosed that President and Mrs. Clinton had failed to report $6,498 in income that the first lady made in commodities trading in 1980; the couple wrote checks totaling $14,615 in back taxes and interest.
    (AP, 4/11/99)

1994        Apr 12, Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell declined to be nominated to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 4/12/99)
1994        Apr 12, Playwright Edward Albee won his third Pulitzer prize for "Three Tall Women"; the Pulitzer prize for fiction went to E. Annie Proulx for "The Shipping News"; the gold-medal award for public service journalism went to the Akron Beacon-Journal of Ohio.
    (AP, 4/12/99)
1994        Apr 12, The US Operations Distant Runner and Support Hope began in Rwanda and ended Sep 30, 1994. They cost $147.8 billion.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1994        Apr 12, In Iraq Shiite dissident Talib al-Suhail was assassinated by the Iraqi Intelligence Service in Beirut.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Safia_Taleb_al-Suhail)

1994        Apr 13, A Palestinian blew himself up on a bus in Hadera in central Israel. Six Israelis were killed and 25 wounded. Hamas took responsibility. Islamic militants bombed an Israeli bus, killing six people and wounding 28.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1994        Apr 13, In Rwanda two Tutsi mothers and their four children were killed. In 2011 an appeals court in The Netherlands sentenced Joseph Mpambara (43) to life in prison for torture causing the deaths of the 2 mothers and 4 children. Mpambara had already been convicted on March 23, 2009.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)

1994        Apr 14, Robert Osborne (1932-2017) became the face of Turner Classic Movies as he introduced “Gone With the Wind" on the commercial free movie network.
    (SFC, 3/7/17, p.C4)
1994        Apr 14, The chiefs of America's seven largest tobacco companies spent more than six hours being grilled by the House Energy and Commerce health subcommittee about the effects of smoking.
    (AP, 4/14/99)
1994        Apr 14, Two American F-15 warplanes inadvertently shot down two U.S. helicopters over northern Iraq, killing 26 people, including 15 Americans.
    (AP, 4/14/97)
1994        Apr 14-1994 Apr 15, In Rwanda Tutsi refugees, gathered in the Nyange church, were burned to death or killed as they tried to flee. In 2006 Roman Catholic priest Athanase Seromba was convicted of ordering militiamen to set fire to the church and then bulldoze it. He was sentenced to life in prison. In 2009 Gaspard Kanyarukiga, who was arrested in South Africa in July 2004, pleaded innocent to the charges of killing around 2,000 Tutsis at the Nyange Church. Prosecutor Holo Makwaia said Kanyarukiga had coaxed a reluctant bulldozer driver to crush those sheltering in the church.
    (www.ictr.org/ENGLISH/cases/Kanyarukiga/indictment/index.pdf)(AP, 8/31/09)

1994        Apr 15, Ministers from 109 countries signed a 26,000-page world trade agreement known as the "Uruguay Round" accords in Marrakesh, Morocco. The TRIPS agreement (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights), negotiated in the 1986-1994 Uruguay Round of the WTO, enabled governments to allow generic drugmakers to produce patented medicines.
    (AP, 4/15/99)(http://tinyurl.com/kmr22ya)(Econ, 1/4/14, p.10)
1994        Apr 15, Valerie Niyitegeka, a Tutsi woman whose family farmed near Mount Nyakizu, fled with her husband, Appolloni and their six children as mobs of Hutu men burned Tutsi houses. The father and children were soon killed. In 2011 she testified in Kansas, USA, against Lazare Kobagaya as the US government sought to revoke his US citizenship for allegedly lying to immigration authorities about his involvement in the Rwanda genocide. A US federal jury found Kobagaya lied on immigration forms and deadlocked on his involvement in the genocide. In August, 2011, charges against Kobagaya (84) were dismissed after the government failed to prove he took part in the atrocities.
    (AP, 5/6/11)(SFC, 6/1/11, p.A8)(SFC, 8/26/11, p.A5)

1994        Apr 16, Ralph Ellison (b.1914), author of "Invisible Man" (1952), died in NYC of pancreatic cancer at age 80. His unfinished novel "Juneteenth" was published in 1999. His books also included "Living With Music." In 2002 Lawrence Jackson authored "Ralph Ellison: Emergence of Genius." In 2007 Arnold Rampersad authored “Ralph Ellison."
    (AP, 4/16/99)(WSJ, 6/18/99, p.W13)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.W11)(SFC, 5/14/07, p.C2)
1994        Apr 16, Bosnian Serbs downed a British Sea Harrier jet near Gorazde; the pilot ejected and was rescued by Bosnian government troops.
    (AP, 4/16/99)
1994        Apr 16-1994 Apr 17, In Rwanda at least 4,500 Tutsi, including women and children, were slaughtered in the Kibuye Stadium. About 12,000 Tutsi were murdered at Kibuye’s church, in the stadium, and in the surrounding countryside.
    {Rwanda, Atrocities}

1994        Apr 17, Joseph Jett, an African-American bond trader, was fired from Kidder, Peabody & Co., who claimed that he'd recorded $350 million in phony profits and then bilked them of $8 million in bogus bonuses. In 1999 Jett published his memoir, "Black and White on Wall Street: The Untold Story of the Man Wrongly Accused of Bringing Down Kidder Peabody." In July, 1998, the SEC ruled that Jett did not commit securities fraud. But an SEC judge did say Jett had intended to commit fraud, and charged him with a lesser record-keeping violation.
1994        Apr 17, Bosnian Serb tanks entered the Muslim enclave of Gorazde; the UN Security Council issued a nonbinding statement that condemned the Serbs' escalating military activities, but made no threat of force to back its condemnation.
    (AP, 4/17/99)

1994        Apr 18, Former President Richard Nixon suffered a stroke at his home in Park Ridge, N.J., and was taken to New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center; he died four days later.
    (AP, 4/18/99)
1994        Apr 18, Several thousand Tutsis were massacred by men from Ildephonse Nizeyimana’s training school at the parish of Cyahinda. Nizeyimana, nicknamed the "Butcher of Butare," was arrested in 2009 in Uganda. In 2012 he was handed a life sentence for his role in the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)

1994        Apr 19, A Los Angeles jury awarded $3.8 million to beaten motorist Rodney King.
    (AP, 4/19/99)
1994        Apr 19, The US Supreme Court outlawed the practice of excluding people from juries because of their gender.
    (AP, 4/19/99)

1994        Apr 20, Israeli and PLO negotiators wrapped up an agreement transferring civilian government powers to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
    (AP, 4/20/99)
1994        Apr 20, The Serbian army bombed Gorazde, Bosnia, and the local hospital was hit.

1994        Apr 21, The U.S. House of Representatives passed a $28 billion get-tough-on-crime bill.
    (AP, 4/21/99)

1994        Apr 22, Richard M. Nixon (81), the 37th president of the United States (1969-1975), died at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, four days after suffering a stroke. In 1990 Roger Morris wrote the biography: "Richard Milhous Nixon." In 2000 Anthony Summers authored "The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon." In 2008 Rick Perlstein authored “Nixonland: The rise of a President and the Fracturing of America," and Conrad Black authored “Richard M. Nixon: A Life in Full."
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.3)(AP, 4/22/97)(SFEC, 8/27/00, p.A6)(SSFC, 5/18/08, Books p.4)(WSJ, 8/29/08, p.A15)
1994        Apr 22, The Lyrid meteor shower was on this day.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 40)
1994        Apr 22, In Robateau, Haiti, a shantytown of Gonaives city, soldiers and paramilitary burst into dozens of homes and beat and killed a number of people. In 2000 16 ex-soldiers and cohorts were found guilty of the massacre. Another 38 people, charged with masterminding the killings and all living in exile, were scheduled for a later trial. Another 37 defendants were tried in absentia and sentenced to life in prison. Louis-Jodel Chamblain was among those convicted in absentia for his role in the murders.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A9)
1994        Apr 22, In Butare, Rwanda, gasoline was used to set ablaze a building where 500 Tutsis were hiding. In 2001 Benedictine Sister Maria Kisito stood trial in Belgium for providing the gasoline.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)

1994        Apr 23, Mourners left red roses, burning candles and cards at the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, Calif., in memory of the 37th president of the United States, who had died the day before at age 81.
    (AP, 4/23/99)

1994        Apr 24, Bosnian Serbs, threatened with NATO air strikes, grudgingly gave up their three-week assault on Gorazde, burning houses and blowing up a water treatment plant as they withdrew.
    (AP, 4/24/99)

1994        Apr 25, Conservative Tsutomu Hata, former foreign minister,  became prime minister of Japan, succeeding Morihiro Hosokawa as political infighting continued.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)(AP, 4/25/99)
1994        Apr 25, Two Catholic Hutu Sisters in Rwanda ordered frightened Tutsis out of their Benedictine compound into the hands of Hutu soldiers. In 1997 Sisters Gertrude (Consolata Mukangango) and Sister Maria Kisito (Juliene Makubutera), having escaped to Belgium, were accused by witnesses of aiding Hutu soldiers who slaughtered some 600 Tutsis. In 2001 Sister Gertrude and Maria Kisito were convicted. Gertrude was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Kisito was sentenced to 12 years. Two others were also convicted and sentenced. Alphonse Higaniro was sentenced to 20 years and Vincent Ntezimana was jailed for 12 years.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.A15)(SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)(SFC, 6/8/01, p.A17)(SFC, 6/9/01, p.A5)
1994        Apr 25, In Rwanda Colonel Ephrem Setako ordered the killings of 30 to 40 Tutsis at Mukamira military camp in Ruhengeri prefecture. In 2010 Setako was convicted of crimes against humanity and murder.
    (Reuters, 2/25/10)
1994        Apr 25, Terrorist bombers struck twice on the eve of South Africa's first all-race election, killing about a dozen people. Car bombs near voting stations killed 20 people. Afrikaner Nationalists led by Eugene Terre’Blanche (TerreBlanche) were responsible. In 1997 Clifton Barnard and Abraham Myburgh were sentenced to 50 years in prison for the bomb blasts that killed 21 people. [see 12/24/96]
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10)(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A10)(SFC,10/24/97, p.D6)(AP, 4/25/99)

1994        Apr 26, Rachelle "Shelley" Shannon, who admitted shooting and wounding an abortion provider outside his clinic, was sentenced in Wichita, Kan., to nearly 11 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/26/99)
1994        Apr 26, A Taiwanese China Airlines A300-600 Airbus crashed at the south end of Nagoya airport west of Tokyo and killed 264 people. There were 7 survivors.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)(AP, 4/26/99)
1994        Apr 26, Voting began in South Africa's first all-race elections. Nelson Mandela won the presidency.
    (AP, 4/26/99)(HN, 4/26/01)

1994        Apr 27, Former President Richard M. Nixon was remembered at an outdoor funeral service attended by all five of his successors at the Nixon presidential library in Yorba Linda, Calif.
    (AP, 4/27/99)

1994        Apr 28, Former CIA official Aldrich Ames, who had betrayed U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and then Russia, pleaded guilty to espionage and tax evasion, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.  His wife Rosario also pleaded guilty.
    (AP, 4/28/99)(MC, 4/28/02)

1994        Apr 29, Israel and the PLO signed an agreement in Paris granting Palestinians broad authority to set taxes, control trade and regulate banks under self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
    (AP, 4/29/99)
1994        Apr 29, A ferry boat capsized near Mombasa, Kenya, and 272 people were killed.
1994        Apr 29, Hundreds of thousands of refugees fleeing the terror of ethnic massacres in Rwanda were pouring into Tanzania.
    (AP, 4/29/99)

1994        Apr 30, The Eurovision Song Contest was held in Dublin’s Point Theater. The first performance of Riverdance was held there which featured a modern form of Irish stepdancing.
    (WSJ, 3/12/96, p. A-16)
1994        Apr 30, The counting of ballots began in South Africa's first all-race elections.
    (AP, 4/30/99)
1994        Apr 30, Some 100,000 men, women and children fleeing ethnic slaughter in Rwanda crossed into neighboring Tanzania. In Rwanda Tutsis were singled out, abducted and massacred at a convent close to an army camp. In 2010 in Tanzania the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda handed down a life sentence to Ildephonse Hategekimana, a lieutenant from the former Rwandan army, for ordering the massacre. He was found guilty of genocide, murder and rape.
    (AP, 4/30/99)(AFP, 12/6/10)

1994         Apr, In South Carolina a 6-year-old boy was killed in an accident due to a defective rear latch of a Chrysler minivan.  In 1997    a jury in South Carolina ordered Chrysler Corp. to pay $262.5 mil to the parents. $250 mil was for punitive damages.
    (SFC, 10/9/97, p.A6)
1994        Apr, Anthony Lake, national security advisor, approved a State Dept. proposal that Peter Galbraith, US ambassador to Croatia, tell the Croatian government he had "no instructions" on whether the US approved or disapproved the shipment of arms to Bosnia through Croatia.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A7)
1994        Apr, London-based Railtrack took over infrastructure responsibilities from British Rail. Britain completed the privatization of rail operations by 1997.
1994        Apr, Anthony E. Pratt, the inventor of the game "Clue," died in England.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.C14)
1994        Apr, In Afghanistan about this time Mohammed Omar (b.1959), former guerrilla commander against Soviet forces, gathered a group of former guerrillas in the village of Singesar and hung the mujahedeen responsible for the rape of 2 local girls. He soon led the Taliban (The Students) as Amir-ul-Momineen (Commander of the Faithful). The Taliban militia advanced rapidly against the Islamic government.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taliban)
1994        Apr, In Rwanda a convoy attacked Tutsis who were seeking refuge on a hill a few days after the genocide began. About 1,000 people were killed and the convoy later returned to attack survivors. In 2008 Protais Zigiranyirazo (70), the brother-in-law of former President Juvenal Habyarimana, was convicted of leading the convoy and the massacre. In 2009 a UN appeals court in Tanzania overturned the conviction.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
1994        Apr, Jean-Damascene Bizimana, Rwanda’s UN ambassador, blamed the killings in Rwanda first on public anguish over the president's death, then on the Tutsi-led RPF. He also called on the UN Security Council to persuade the Tutsis to agree to a comprehensive cease-fire. Weeks later, he wrote to the UN secretary general blaming the Tutsi "war machine" for "large-scale massacres." At the end of the summer Bizimana ended his tenure as ambassador and moved to Alabama. In 2010 Rwanda’s government began an investigation of Bizimana (51) for possible prosecution.
    (AP, 4/24/10)

1994         Apr-1994 Jul, Some 500,000-1 Million people were killed in Rwanda by Hutu extremists. Most of those killed were minority Tutsis and opponents of the ruling Hutu majority. Perpetrators fled to refugee camps in Zaire.
    (SFEC, 1/15/1995, A-10)(SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)
1994        Apr-1994 Aug, The Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) under Paul Kagame killed some 25-45,000 people during this period. They then pursued the genocidaires into Zaire where they killed some 200,000 more and in the process overthrew the government of Zaire.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.26)

1994        May 1, Israeli and PLO delegates opened a final round of talks in Cairo, Egypt, on Palestinian autonomy prior to the signing of an agreement on self-rule.
    (AP, 5/1/99)
1994        May 1, South Africa's first all-race elections ended.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A12)

1994        May 2, A jury in Detroit acquitted Dr. Kevorkian of violating a 1992 law against assisted suicide.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)(www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/kevorkian/chronology.html)
1994        May 2, Nelson Mandela claimed victory in the wake of South Africa's first democratic elections; President F.W. de Klerk acknowledged defeat.
    (AP, 5/2/98)

1994        May 3, President Clinton presided over a televised forum from Atlanta, during which he denied suggestions he'd vacillated on foreign policy, but said global problems were more difficult than he'd imagined.
    (AP, 5/3/99)

1994        May 4, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that granted self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
    (AP, 5/4/97)
1994        May 4, India made its 4th developmental launch of ASLV. The 113 kg Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C2) was launched by fourth developmental flight of ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota.

1994        May 5, Labour beat the Conservatives in British local elections.
1994        May 5, Singapore caned American teenager Michael Fay for vandalism, a day after the sentence was reduced from six lashes to four in response to an appeal by President Clinton, who considered the punishment too harsh.
    (AP, 5/5/99)
1994        May 5, The peak of the Eta Aquarid meteor shower. It displayed 10-40 meteors per hour.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 40)

1994        May 6, Paula Jones filed a complaint of sexual harassment in US District Court in Little Rock, Ark. against Pres. Bill Clinton. According to Jones, on May 8, 1991 at the Third Annual Governor’s Quality Management Conference in Little Rock, Ark., Gov. Bill Clinton invited Ms. Jones, a state employee working at the registration desk,  to a private meeting and exposed his desire for her. Jones reached a settlement with Clinton in November 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/26/96, p.A18)(AP, 5/6/04)
1994        May 6, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and French President Francois Mitterrand formally opened the Channel Tunnel between their countries. A first dividend to shareholders, promised in 1995, was paid in 2009.
    (AP, 5/6/04)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.68)
1994        May 6, Nelson Mandela and his ANC finally were confirmed winners in South Africa.

1994        May 7, Norway's most famous painting, "The Scream," by Edvard Munch, was recovered almost three months after it was stolen from an Oslo museum. Another version was stolen in 2004.
    (AP, 5/7/99)(WSJ, 8/24/04, p.A1)
1994        May 7, Go For Gin won the 120th Kentucky Derby.
    (AP, 5/7/99)

1994        May 8, President Clinton announced a shift in U.S. policy toward Haitian refugees, saying there would be offshore screening of boat people seeking political asylum.
    (AP, 5/8/99)
1994        May 8, Actor George Peppard died at age 65.
    (AP, 5/8/99)

1994        May 9, "Passion" opened at Plymouth Theater in NYC for 280 performances.
1994        May 9, Comedian Bobcat Goldthwait set fire to the couch on Tonight Show. A misdemeanor charge soon followed and a fine of $3,888.
1994        May 9, Mass murderer Joel Rifkin was found guilty in NY. By January 1996, Rifkin was scheduled to serve at least 183 years for seven slayings, with 10 counts outstanding.
1994        May 9, South Africa's newly elected parliament chose Nelson Mandela to be the country's first black president. Mandela promised a South Africa for "all its people, black and white."
    (AP, 5/9/99)

1994        May 10, The state of Illinois executed convicted serial killer John Wayne Gacy (52) for the murders of 33 young men and boys. He was executed at Stateville Correctional Center near Joliet. A search for more bodies was continued in 1998. Gacy left behind some clown art that was auctioned and purchased for $20,000 by Joe Roth, who burned all of it.
    (AP, 5/10/97)(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)
1994        May 10, An annular, or "ring" eclipse, cast a moving shadow across the United States.
    (AP, 5/10/99)
1994         May 10, Nelson Mandela was sworn in as Prime Minister of South Africa. His party earmarked $4 billion to be spent over ten years to help correct the land imbalance largely due to the forced abandonment by blacks between 1950-80 when about 3.5 million blacks were forcibly trucked off to ethnic territories, often abandoning land, houses and cattle. It was later declared that crimes committed under apartheid up to this time would be considered for pardon under an amnesty act.
    (WSJ, 5/10/94)(WSJ, 5/17/96,p.A-10)(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.C22)

1994        May 11, Arkansas put to death two convicted murderers; it was the first time a state executed two people on the same day since the U.S. Supreme Court allowed states to restore the death penalty in 1976.
    (AP, 5/11/99)
1994        May 11, In Rwanda Colonel Ephrem Setako ordered the killings of 10 Tutsis at Mukamira military camp in Ruhengeri prefecture. In 2010 Setako was convicted of crimes against humanity and murder.
    (Reuters, 2/25/10)
1994        May 11, In South Africa the Rand Supreme Court sentenced to death six white rightwing extremists for the murder of four blacks, including an 11-year-old child, at a roadblock near Randfontein on December 12, 1993.

1994        May 12, The US Senate joined the House in passing a bill banning blockades, violence and threats against clinics where abortions were being performed.
    (AP, 5/12/99)
1994        May 12, British Labor Party leader John Smith died unexpectedly at age 55.
    (AP, 5/12/99)

1994        May 13, President Clinton nominated federal appeals Judge Stephen G. Breyer to the U.S. Supreme Court to replace retiring Justice Harry A. Blackmun.
    (AP, 5/13/99)

1994        May 14, The West Bank town of Jericho saw its first full day of Palestinian self-rule following the withdrawal of Israeli troops, an event celebrated by Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/14/99)

1994        May 15, Supreme Court nominee Stephen G. Breyer arrived in Washington to spend the night at the White House, while Republicans joined Democrats in predicting swift Senate confirmation.
    (AP, 5/15/99)

1994        May 16, Israel began its final withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, shutting down the prison and military headquarters where Israeli soldiers had been in charge since the 1967 Middle East War.
    (AP, 5/16/99)

1994        May 17, The U.N. Security Council approved a peacekeeping force and an arms embargo for violence-racked Rwanda.
    (AP, 5/17/99)

1994        May 18, The Tropical Butterfly Garden at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opened.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1994        May 18, Israel's three decades of occupation in the Gaza Strip ended as Israeli troops completed their withdrawal and Palestinian authorities took over.
    (AP, 5/18/99)

1994        May 19, The final episode of LA Law (b.1986) showed on TV after 8 year run.
1994        May 19, President Clinton held a news conference in which he defended his foreign policy against suggestions he improvises it from crisis to crisis, saying, "I continue to look for new solutions."
    (AP, 5/19/99)
1994        May 19, The US FDA approved of the first genetically engineered tomato. Flavr Savr tomatoes supermarkets this year.
    (www.bioline.org.br/request?nl94033)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.25)
1994        May 19, Former first lady Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis died of non-Hodgkins lymphoma cancer in New York City at age 64.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.2)(SFEC, 5/4/97, p.A3)(AP, 5/19/97)

1994        May 20, Tributes poured in following the death of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. President Clinton said of the former first lady: "She captivated our nation and the world with her intelligence, her elegance and her grace."
    (AP, 5/20/99)

1994        May 21, Israeli commandos swept into Lebanon’s eastern mountains and abducted Mustafa Dirani, a Shiite Muslim guerrilla leader of the Believer's Resistance. In 2000 Dirani sued Israel with charges of torture and sodomy. Dirani was released in Jan 2004, as part of a complex prisoner exchange between Hezbollah and Israel.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A14)(SFC, 3/14/00, p.A10)(AP, 5/21/04)
1994        May 21, South Yemen seceded from Yemen.
1994        May 21, John Henry Weidner (b.1912), Dutch-US resistance fighter, died.

1994        May 22, A worldwide trade embargo against Haiti went into effect to punish Haiti's military rulers for not reinstating the country's ousted elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 5/22/99)

1994        May 23, "Pulp Fiction" by American director Quentin Tarantino won the Golden Palm for best film at the 47th Cannes Film Festival.
    (AP, 5/23/99)
1994        May 23, Funeral services were held at Arlington National Cemetery for former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
    (AP, 5/23/97)
1994        May 23, Some 270 pilgrims, most of them Indonesian, were killed in a stampede in Mecca as worshippers surge toward cavern for symbolic ritual of "stoning the devil."
    (AP, 2/1/04)

1994        May 24, Four men convicted of bombing New York's World Trade Center were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/24/99)
1994        May 24, The United States and Japan agreed to revive efforts to pry open Japanese markets to U.S. goods.
    (AP, 5/24/99)
1994        May 24, Bakili Muluzi (b.1943) assumed office as president of Malawi following the country’s first multiparty elections. He succeeded Hastings Kamuzu Banda.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bakili_Muluzi)(SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1994        May 25, The UN Security Council lifted a 10-year-old ban on weapons exports from South Africa, scrapping the last of its apartheid-era embargoes.
    (AP, 5/25/99)
1994        May 25, Eric Gale (b.1938), rock guitarist, died.
1994        May 25, Palau became an independent nation.

1994        May 26, President Clinton renewed trade privileges for China, and announced his administration would no longer link China's trade status with its human rights record.
1994        May 26, Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley were married in the Dominican Republic. The marriage ended in 1996.
    (AP, 5/26/99)

1994        May 27, A receipt of this date for a disguise was found in OJ Simpson’s Bronco, 2 weeks before the murder of Nicole Simpson and Ronald Goldman.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A16)
1994        May 27, Nobel Prize-winning author Alexander Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia to the emotional cheers of thousands after spending two decades in exile.
    (AP, 5/27/99)

1994        May 28, US District Judge Susan Weber Wright ruled that the Paula Jones case could not be tried until Pres. Clinton left office.
    (WSJ, 4/20/98, p.A20)
1994        May 28, Palestine Liberation Organization officials announced that Yasser Arafat had named himself interior minister of the autonomous zones as part of an interim government; 14 other prominent Palestinians, mostly Arafat allies, were appointed to other positions.
    (AP, 5/28/99)

1994        May 29, "Joseph & the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" closed at Minskoff Theater in NYC after 223 performances.
1994        May 29, "Picnic" closed at Criterion Theater in NYC after 45 performances.
1994        May 29, Khallid Abdul Muhammad, a former spokesman for the Nation of Islam, was shot and wounded after delivering a speech at the University of California, Riverside; a defrocked Nation of Islam minister, James Edward Bess, was charged. Bess was later convicted of attempted murder and assault and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/29/04)
1994        May 29, A great comet iceball was seen above the North Sea.
1994        May 29, Hungary's Socialist Party won parliamentary election. Socialist Prime Minister Gyula Horn was elected to lead the Socialist-Free Democrat coalition. The coalition slashed the communist welfare state and solidified free-market democracy.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A10)(SC, 5/29/02)
1994        May 29, Jose Bohr (b.1901), actor (El Traidor, Sueno de Amor), died.
1994        May 29, Joseph Janni (b.1916), Italian-born producer, died in London, UK.
1994        May 29, Oliver "Bops Junior" Jackson (b.1933), drummer, died.
1994        May 29, Harry Levin (b.1912), literary Scholar, died.
1994        May 29, Erich Honecker (81), former East German leader (1971-89), died of liver cancer in Chile.
    (AP, 5/29/99) (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A17)

1994        May 30, Mormon Church president Ezra Taft Benson died in Salt Lake City at age 94.
    (AP, 5/30/99)
1994        May 30, The U.N. Security Council warned North Korea to stop refueling a nuclear reactor and allow U.N. monitors to perform full inspections.
    (AP, 5/30/99)

1994        May 31, U.S. Rep. Dan Rostenkowski, D-Ill., maintaining his innocence, was indicted on 17 felony counts alleging he'd plundered nearly $700,000 from the government. He later pleaded guilty to two counts of misusing federal funds and spent 451 days in federal custody.
    (AP, 5/31/99)
1994        May 31, The United States announced it was no longer aiming long-range nuclear missiles at targets in the former Soviet Union.
    (AP, 5/31/97)

1994        May, In Houston Elizabeth Peavy, a 34-year-old dentist, stopped to buy gas and was shot to death. Her assailant was a 17-year-old gunman who had been arrested on burglary charges 6 months previously, and released under a pre-trial release program.
    (WSJ, 7/9/96, p.A1)
1994        May, A cease-fire was declared between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan Pres. Geidar Aliyev negotiated a cease-fire with Armenian forces in the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. More than 35,000 people had died in 6 years of fighting.
    (WSJ, 5/14/97, p.A22)(WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A18)(SFC, 12/13/03, p.A20)
1994        May, Bosnian offensives opened a road near Tuzla.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1994        May, In China two labor organizers, Li Wenming and Guo Baosheng, were arrested but not charged after they sought to form an independent labor union among the workers of Shenzhen. In Nov 1996, the 2 men were charged with counterrevolution and trying to overthrow the government.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10)
1994        May, Francisco Chaviano, president of the Cuban National Council for Civil Rights, was arrested. He was sentenced behind closed doors by a military court about a year later for allegedly revealing state secrets while documenting the cases of rafters who disappeared or died trying to leave Cuba. Chaviano was released in 2007, 2 years shy of his 15-year sentence.
    (AP, 8/11/07)
1994        May, In South Korea Lee Chun-jae was sentenced to death for killing his 18-year-old relative. In 1995 the sentence was reduced by a higher court to a life in prison and he became eligible to apply for parole in 2015. Mr Lee later acknowledged that he had murdered 14 women and girls around the city of Hwaseong between 1986 and 1991.
    (The Telegraph, 11/2/20)

1994        Jun 1, Fox Channel, Cable Network, debuted.
1994         Jun 1, President Clinton embarked on a European trip that included commemorating the 50th anniversary of D-Day; his first stop was Italy.
1994        Jun 1, Frances Heflin (b.1922), Soap Actress, All My Children's Mona Tyler; Van Heflin's sister, died at age 71.

1994        Jun 2, The International Atomic Energy Agency, the UN atomic watchdog, reported it could no longer verify the status of North Korea's nuclear program, prompting the United States to seek economic sanctions.
    (AP, 6/2/99)
1994        Jun 2, President Clinton met at the Vatican with Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 6/2/99)

1994        Jun 3, President Clinton, continuing his tour of Italy, visited the graves of American soldiers killed in the Anzio landing during World War II.
    (AP, 6/3/99)

1994        Jun 3, The US began consultations with South Korea, Japan and Russia on how to retaliate for North Korea's removal of vital evidence about its nuclear weapons capability.
    (AP, 6/3/99)

1994        Jun 4, President Clinton and British Prime Minister John Major paid tribute to the lost airmen of World War II at the American Cemetery in Cambridge, England.
    (AP, 6/4/99)
1994        Jun 4, Gregory Scarpa, nicknamed The Grim Reaper, died in a Minnesota prison. He was a soldier for the Colombo crime family and an informant for the FBI.
1994        Jun 4, Toto Bissainthe (59), Haitian poet and singer, died.

1994        Jun 5, President Clinton headed across the English Channel aboard the USS George Washington, en route to the 50th anniversary commemoration of D-Day in Normandy.
    (AP, 6/5/99)
1994        Jun 5, At least 264 Indonesian villagers in East Java were killed by an earthquake.
    (AP, 6/5/99)
1994        Jun 5, In central Rwanda 13 Catholic clerics, including three bishops, were murdered at a church. 3 Catholic bishops, including Kigali Archbishop Vincent Nsengiyumva, were among the clerics murdered. In 2008 two army officers pleaded guilty to their role in the murders. In 2008 a military court in Kigali jailed two Rwandan army captains for 8 years for the killings during the 1994 genocide, but acquitted their superiors of involvement in the slaughter.
    (AFP, 6/18/08)(AFP, 10/24/08)

1994        Jun 6, President Clinton joined leaders from America's World War II allies to mark the 50th anniversary of the D-Day invasion of Normandy.
    (AP, 6/6/04)
1994        Jun 6, A China Northwest Airlines Tu-154 on a flight from Xian to Guangzhou crashed 10 minutes after takeoff, and killed all 160 onboard.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1994        Jun 6, A 6.0 earthquake and avalanche destroyed Toez, Colombia. Some 1000 people were killed. The earthquake hit the southern state of Cauca.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)(http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Hazards/What/Lahars/HuilaLahar.html)

1994        Jun 7, President Clinton addressed the French National Assembly, challenging his generation of Allied leaders to strive for greater European unity or face "the grim alternative" of violence like that in Bosnia.
    (AP, 6/7/99)
1994        Jun 7, Vicki Van Meter 912) of Meadville, Pa., completed a trans-Atlantic flight, landing in Glasgow, Scotland. She was accompanied by her flight instructor.
1994        Jun 7, Dennis Potter, English playwright, died. His work included over 40 plays of which "Lipstick on Your Collar," a 6-part TV play was issued on videotape in 1996. He also did the TV dramas Pennies from Heaven and The Singing Detective.
    (WSJ, 9/24/96, p.A18)
1994        Jun 7, The Organization of African Unity formally admits South Africa as its fifty-third member.    
    (HN, 6/7/00)

1994        Jun 8, President Clinton returned to Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes scholar, to receive an honorary doctorate.
    (AP, 6/8/99)
1994        Jun 8, Bosnia's warring factions agreed to a one-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/8/99)

1994        Jun 9, In a bipartisan slap at President Clinton, the House of Representatives voted 244-178 for the United States to defy the international arms embargo on Bosnia.
    (AP, 6/9/99)
1994        Jun 9, An earthquake of 8.2 magnitude hit Bolivia in 1994.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)
1994        Jun 9, Latin American countries signed the pioneering Convention of Belem, which required them to educate their people about women’s rights, to fight machismo and to pass laws to protect women from violence.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.39)(http://tinyurl.com/ldkqjyk)

1994        Jun 10, President Clinton intensified sanctions against Haiti's military leaders, suspending U.S. commercial air travel and most financial transactions between the two countries.
    (AP, 6/10/99)
1994        Jun 10, Dhirendra Brahmachari (70), a spiritual leader and yoga instructor who became a confidant of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, died today in a plane crash. Brahmachari, aka known as the flying swami, was swept into obscurity amid scandals over a personal arms factory and crooked aircraft deals.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3metw8l)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.44)

1994        Jun 11, The United States, South Korea and Japan agreed to seek punitive steps against North Korea over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/11/99)
1994        Jun 11, Jack Hannah (90), animator (The Flintstones), died.
1994        Jun 11, A car bomb blew up outside a luxury hotel in Guadalajara, Mexico, killing five people in an apparently drug-related attack.
    (AP, 6/11/99)
1994        Jun 11, Mattias Flink (b.1970), a Swedish army lieutenant went berserk and killed 7 people. Flink was placed in the Norrköping prison but was subsequently moved to Beateberg prison outside of Stockholm.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mattias_Flink)

1994        Jun 12, At the Tony Awards, "Angels in America: Perestroika" won best play while "Passion" won best musical.
    (AP, 6/12/99)
1994        Jun 12, Nicole Simpson and Ronald Goldman were knifed to death outside of Nicole’s Brentwood, Los Angeles, condominium. O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil action. "The Run of His Life" by Jeffrey Toobin tells the story of the O.J. Simpson trial.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, p.A-15)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)(AP, 6/12/97)
1994        Jun 12, Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, the charismatic Orthodox Jewish leader, died in New York at age 92.
    (AP, 6/12/99)

1994        Jun 13, A jury in Anchorage, Alaska blamed recklessness by Exxon Corp. and Capt. Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the nation's worst oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
    (AP, 6/13/99)
1994        Jun 13, O.J. Simpson was questioned for several hours by Los Angeles police following the slashing deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole, and Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 6/13/99)
1994        Jun 13, The Lithuanian Ambassador to Italy, Stasys Lozoraitis Jr., died.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1994        Jun 14, The New York Rangers won hockey's Stanley Cup for the first time in 54 years, defeating the Vancouver Canucks.
    (AP, 6/14/99)
1994        Jun 14, President Clinton unveiled a $9.3 billion welfare reform plan.
    (AP, 6/14/99)
1994        Jun 14, Henry Mancini (70), Academy Award-winning composer, died in Beverly Hills, Calif. On Apr 14, 2004, the US Postal Service issued a stamp in his honor.
    (AP, 6/14/99)(USAT, 3/23/04, p.1D)
1994        Jun 14, Marcel Mouloudji (b.1922), Algeria-born French actor/chansonnier, died in Paris.

1994        Jun 15, Disney's "Lion King," opened in US theaters.
1994        Jun 15, Former President Jimmy Carter arrived in North Korea on a private mission to try to reduce tensions with the communist nation.
    (AP, 6/15/99)
1994        Jun 15, Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 6/15/97)
1994        Jun 15, Mauritius established its 16,000-acre Black River Gorges National Park.

1994        Jun 16, Former President Jimmy Carter, on a private visit to North Korea, reported the Communist nation's leaders were eager to resume talks with the United States on resolving disputes about Pyongyang's nuclear program and improving relations. Carter made history as the first former US president to visit North Korea. Carter's unofficial four-day visit included a meeting with then-North Korean leader Kim Il Sung. His intervention headed off a potential conflict and helped seal an aid-for-disarmament agreement that lasted nearly a decade.
    (AP, 6/16/99)(AP, 3/9/18)
1994        Jun 16, Boris Alexandrov (88), conductor (Red Army Song and Dance Ensemble), died.

1994        Jun 17, After leading police on a slow-speed chase on Southern California freeways, that millions of Americans watched, OJ Simpson was arrested for the murder of wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. The arrest took place after a prolonged slow-car chase where Al A.C. Cowlings drove Simpson around in a white Ford Bronco and talked him into giving up to the police. Simpson was later acquitted in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil trial.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/30/96, p.B5)(AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 6/17/98)
1994        Jun 17, Johnnie Cochran, who was later hired as a defense attorney for O.J. Simpson, was quoted off-camera during a break on ABC’s Nightline saying: "he obviously did it."
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)

1994        Jun 18, In Northern Ireland protestant paramilitary gunmen entered the Heights Bar in the village of Loughinisland and opened fire indiscriminately on customers watching Ireland play Italy in a televised World Cup match, killing six, including 87-year-old Barney Greene, one of the oldest victims in the 'Troubles'.
    (Reuters, 8/31/18)
1994        Jun 18, The presidents of North Korea and South Korea agreed to hold a historic summit. Plans were disrupted by the death of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung on July 8.
    (AP, 6/18/99)

1994        Jun 19, Former President Jimmy Carter, just returned from North Korea, said he believed the crisis with Pyongyang was over following talks with North Korean President Kim Il Sung on how to resolve the nuclear issue.
    (AP, 6/19/99)

1994        Jun 20, O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to the killing of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 6/20/99)
1994        Jun 20, Former airman Dean Allen Mellberg went on a shooting rampage at Fairchild Air Force Base near Spokane, Wash., killing four people and wounding 22 others before being killed by a military police sharpshooter.
    (AP, 6/20/04)

1994        Jun 21, Summer solstice. The official beginning of summer.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 40)
1994        Jun 21, President Clinton, addressing members of the Business Roundtable, made an impassioned call for action on health care reform.
    (AP, 6/21/99)
1994        Jun 21, Seven people died and more than 200 were sickened by fumes from the lethal nerve gas sarin in Matsumoto in Central Japan. The Aum Shinri Kyo (Kyi) cult (Supreme Truth) was later charged with the attack.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 9/29/97, p.A13)
1994        Jun 21, American teenager Michael Fay was released from a Singapore prison, where he'd been flogged for vandalism.
    (AP, 6/21/04)

1994        Jun 22, The Houston Rockets defeated the New York Knicks 90-84 to win the NBA championship.
    (AP, 6/22/99)
1994        Jun 22, President Clinton announced North Korea had confirmed its willingness to freeze its nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/22/99)

1994        Jun 23, The United States and Russia signed agreements in Washington on cooperating in space and economic development.
    (AP, 6/23/04)
1994        Jun 23, Belarus began two days of presidential elections. Part two took place on July 10. Alexander Lukashenko (b.1954), a former collective-farm boss, was elected president over PM Viacheslav Kebich and assumed office on July 20.
1994        Jun 23, French marines and Foreign Legionnaires headed into Rwanda to try to stem the country's ethnic slaughter.
    (AP, 6/23/99)

1994        Jun 24, President Clinton struck out at his conservative critics and the media, complaining in a speech in St. Louis that unfair and negative reports about him were feeding a cynical mindset in America.
    (AP, 6/24/99)
1994        Jun 24, The EU and Russia signed a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). It went into force on Dec 1, 1997.

1994        Jun 25, Japanese Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata, faced with certain defeat in a no-confidence vote, announced his intention to resign after just two months in office.
    (AP, 6/25/99)

1994        Jun 26, In San Francisco the last mass was held at the St. Francis of Assisi Church in North Beach because of a dwindling congregation. It had been founded in 1849 and completed in 1860. It was one of nine churches to be shut down under a parish consolidation plan. It was re-opened in 1998 as a shrine.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A18)(SSFC, 6/23/19, DB p.39)
1994        Jun 26, Hundreds of thousands of homosexuals gathered in New York City to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall Inn riot, considered the birth of the gay-rights movement.
    (AP, 6/26/99)
1994        Jun 26, An Israeli commission found that a Jewish settler had acted alone when he shot and killed 29 Muslims in a Hebron mosque, rejecting Palestinian claims of a conspiracy.
    (AP, 6/26/99)

1994        Jun 27, President Clinton replaced White House chief of staff Mack McLarty with budget director Leon Panetta.
    (AP, 6/27/99)
1994        Jun 27, U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercepted 1,330 Haitian boat people on the high seas in one of the busiest days since refugees began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.
    (AP, 6/27/99)

1994        Jun 28, President Clinton became the first chief executive in U.S. history to set up a personal legal defense fund and ask Americans to contribute to it.
    (AP, 6/28/99)
1994        Jun 28, North and South Korea set July 25-27 as the dates for a historic summit. The summit was derailed by the death of North Korean President Kim Il Sung on Jul 8.
    (AP, 6/28/99)

1994        Jun 29, US reopened Guantanamo Naval Base to process refugees.
1994        Jun 29, In a British TV documentary, Prince Charles said he was faithful in his marriage to Princess Diana "until it became irretrievably broken down."
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1994        Jun 29, Japan's parliament chose Tomiichi Murayama to be the new prime minister, succeeding Tsutoma Hata.
    (AP, 6/29/04)

1994        Jun 30, Pres. Clinton signed Public Law 103-270, the Independent Council Reauthorization Act.
    (WSJ, 1/29/98, p.A1)
1994        Jun 30, The US Supreme Court ruled that judges can bar even peaceful demonstrators from getting too close to abortion clinics.
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1994        Jun 30, The US Figure Skating Association stripped Tonya Harding of the 1994 national championship and banned her from the organization for life for an attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1994        Jun 30, In San Francisco the last Mass at St. Brigid's Church was held after it was ordered closed along with 8 other city churches by Archbishop Quinn. In 2011 Julian Guthrie authored “The Grace of Everyday Saints: How a Band of Believers Lost Their Church and Found Their Faith."
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A14)(SSFC, 8/14/11, p.F3)(SSFC, 6/30/19, DB p.39)

1994        Jun, Harold James Nicholson, former CIA station chief, started passing information to Russia from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and collected as much as $180,000. He was arrested  on Nov 18, 1996 for espionage. He pleaded guilty and drew a 23 1/2 year sentence in 1997.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(WSJ, 6/6/97, p.A1)
1994        Jun, The idea of a credit default swap (CDS), a financial swap agreement that the seller of the CDS will compensate the buyer in the event of a loan default or other credit event came out of a JP Morgan meeting off-site in Boca Raton. The first credit-default swap transaction took place when the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development contracted for a modest sum to assume the risk that Exxon (XOM) wouldn’t repay a $4.8 billion line of credit it had borrowed from Morgan in order to pay the fine for its 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
    {Banking, Money, USA, Oil}
    (http://tinyurl.com/8447k8f)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Credit_default_swap)(Econ, 2/25/12, SRp.5)
1994        Jun, France’s Banque Nationale de Paris, which later merged with Paribas, financed a deal for 80 tons of weapons, including AK-47 rifles, ammunition, hand-grenades and mortars that were delivered to the Rwandan army. This was made public in a January, 1998, UN report to the Security Council.
    (Econ 7/8/17, p.67)
1994        Jun, Massimo Troisi, Italian actor and director, died. He had just finished working on the film Il Postino, (The Postman).
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.24)
1994        Jun, An Israeli helicopter gunship at Ein Darbara, Lebanon, killed at least 30 Hezbollah trainees.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)
1994        Jun, In Tanzania 43 girls died in a fire at Shauritanga school near Mount Kilimanjaro.
    (AP, 8/24/09)(

1994        Jun-1994 Aug, Alvin Straight (1920-1996) rode his John Deere lawn mower 240 miles to visit his sick brother. He could not see well enough to get a driver’s license. He left Iowa in early June and arrived in Wisconsin in mid-August.
    (SFC, 11/14/96, p.A22)

1994        Jul 1, Brazil under finance minister Henrique Cardoso adopted the Real Plan, named for a new currency fixed to the US dollar with a "crawling peg." Inflation had hit 7,000% as Cardoso launched the new currency.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-1,13)(WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-15)(WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A19)
1994        Jul 1, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat drove from Egypt into Gaza, returning to Palestinian land after 27 years in exile.
    (AP, 7/1/99)

1994        Jul 2, Conchita Martinez won the women's title at Wimbledon, defeating Martina Navratilova 6-4, 3-6, 6-3.
    (AP, 7/2/99)
1994        Jul 2, A US Air DC-9 crashed in poor weather at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in North Carolina, killing 37 of the 57 people aboard.
    (AP, 7/2/97)
1994        Jul 2, Colombian soccer player Andres Escobar was shot to death in Medellin, ten days after accidentally scoring a goal against his own team in World Cup competition at the Rose Bowl in Los Angeles on June 22. Humberto Munoz Castro, who had connections to a powerful Colombian cartel, was later arrested and confessed to the killing. Munoz was initially handed a 43-year jail term, but served only 11 years.
    (AP, 7/2/99)(AP, 5/22/18)

1994        Jul 3, Pete Sampras defeated Goran Ivanisevic to win the Wimbledon men's championship, 7-6, 7-6, 6-0.
    (AP, 7/3/99)
1994        Jul 3, Thirty-one people died in three separate crashes on Texas highways.
    (AP, 7/3/99)

1994        Jul 4, The United States opened its embassy in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, with a Fourth of July party.
    (AP, 7/4/99)
1994        Jul 4, Rwandan Tutsi rebels seized control of most of their country's capital, Kigali, and continued advancing on areas held by the Hutu-led government.
    (AP, 7/4/99)

1994        Jul 5, In an attempt to halt a surge of Haitian refugees, the Clinton administration announced it was refusing entry to new Haitian boat people.
    (AP, 7/5/99)
1994        Jul 5, President Clinton set out on a four-nation European trip that included a Group of Seven summit in Naples, Italy.
    (AP, 7/5/99)

1994        Jul 6, President Clinton stopped by Latvia, then traveled to Poland as part of a four-nation European tour.
    (AP, 7/6/04)
1994        Jul 6, Fourteen firefighters were killed while battling a blaze on Storm King Mountain in Colorado.
    (AP, 7/6/99)

1994        Jul 7, President Clinton, visiting Poland, assured the parliament that the U.S. would "not let the Iron Curtain be replaced by a veil of indifference."
    (AP, 7/7/99)
1994        Jul 7, Panama withdrew its offer to the United States to accept thousands of Haitian refugees.
    (AP, 7/7/99)

1994        Jul 8, O.J. Simpson was ordered to stand trial on charges of murdering his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 7/8/99)
1994        Jul 8, The space shuttle "Columbia" blasted off on a two-week mission.
    (AP, 7/8/99)
1994        Jul 8, Leaders of the Group of Seven nations opened their 20th annual economic summit in Italy. Silvio Berlusconi hosted the G-7 summit in Naples.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.A12)(AP, 7/8/99)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.46)
1994        Jul 8, Kim Il Sung ("Great Leader"), North Korea's communist leader since 1948, died at age 82. His son Kim Jong Il ("The Dear Leader") succeeded him.
    (AP, 7/8/97)(WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A14)

1994        Jul 9, Members of the Group of Seven (G-7) nations concluded their economic summit in Naples, Italy.
    (AP, 7/9/99)
1994        Jul 9, Planned talks between North Korea and South Korea were put on hold following the death of North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung.
    (AP, 7/9/99)

1994        Jul 10, In the first meeting of its kind, Russian President Boris Yeltsin joined leaders of the Group of Seven nations for political talks following their annual economic summit in Naples, Italy.
    (AP, 7/10/99)

1994        Jul 11, President Clinton, on his first official visit to Germany, urged his hosts to take on a stronger leadership role in global affairs.
    (AP, 7/11/99)
1994        Jul 11, Shawn Eckardt was sentenced in Portland, Ore., to 18 months in prison for his role in the attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 7/11/99)
1994        Jul 11, Gary Kildall (52), pioneer software writer, died in Monterey, Ca.
1994        Jul 11, Haiti's army-backed regime ordered the expulsion of international human rights observers.
    (AP, 7/11/99)

1994        Jul 12, The National League won the US baseball All-Star Game, defeating the American League 8-7.
    (AP, 7/12/99)
1994        Jul 12, President Clinton, visiting Germany, went to the eastern sector of Berlin, the first president to do so since Harry Truman.
    (AP, 7/12/99)
1994        Jul 12, US confirmation hearings began for Supreme Court nominee Stephen G. Breyer.
    (AP, 7/12/04)
1994        Jul 12, The shareholders and employees of United Airlines approved a deal giving the majority ownership to the employees (76,000+).
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.13)

1994        Jul 13, President Clinton visited flood-stricken Georgia, where he announced more than $60 million in aid for Georgia, Alabama and Florida.
    (AP, 7/13/99)
1994        Jul 13, Tonya Harding's ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly, was sentenced in Portland, Ore., to two years in prison for his role in the attack on Nancy Kerrigan. He ended up serving six months.
    (AP, 7/13/99)

1994        Jul 14, In California US Navy chief petty officer David Russo (43) was killed by two hitmen hired by his wife, Susan Lee Russo, who hoped to collect life insurance money. Russo worked at the Lemoore Naval Air Station. Jason Andrews and Bobby Morris were both convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to 25 years to life. In 1996, Susan Russo was convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to life without the possibility of parole.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y944cvj4)(SFC, 6/9/18, p.A6)
1994        Jul 14, A tidal wave of Hutu refugees from Rwanda's civil war flooded across the border into Zaire, swamping relief organizations.
    (AP, 7/14/99)

1994        Jul 15, During a baseball game between the Cleveland Indians and the Chicago White Sox in Chicago's Comiskey Park, umpire Dave Phillips ordered the bat of Albert Belle of the Indians to be removed from the game for later examination for illegal cork. The bat was then stolen by pitcher Jason Grimsley, who crawled through air ducts to take it. The Indians won the game 3-2 and later returned the bat under umpire threats and Belle was given a 10-game suspension that was reduced to 7 games.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A3)
1994        Jul 15, Microsoft Corp. reached a settlement with the Justice Department, promising to end practices it used to corner the market for personal computer software programs. In a consent decree with the Justice Dept. Microsoft agreed to change contracts with PC makers and other software companies ending the government's antitrust investigation.
    (AP, 7/15/99)(WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A16)
1994        Jul 15, In Hungary Gyula Horn, president of the Socialist Party, began serving as prime minister.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

1994        Jul 16, "Sisters Rosensweig" closed at Barrymore Theater in NYC after 556 performances.
1994        Jul 16, The 3 tenors, Placid Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti and Jose Carreras, performed in Los Angeles, Ca.
1994        Jul 16, The first of 21 pieces of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 slammed into Jupiter. The comet was initially discovered by astronomer Eugene Shoemaker (d.1997 at 69).
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(SFC, 7/19/97, p.A21)(AP, 7/16/99)

1994        Jul 17, Fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy continued to smash into Jupiter, sending up towering fireballs.
    (AP, 7/17/99)
1994        Jul 17, Brazil defeated Italy to win its fourth World Cup title in Los Angeles. The 15th FIFA World Cup was hosted by the United States.
    (AP, 7/17/99)(http://tinyurl.com/m6z96z3)
1994        Jul 17, Hutus left Rwanda for refugee camps in Zaire.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A16)

1994        Jul 18, Crayola announced the introduction of scented crayons.
1994        Jul 18, In Buenos Aires a terrorist attack killed 85 people at the city’s Jewish Center, the Argentine Israelite Mutual Aid Society (AMIA). Some 300 people were injured. In 1996 three senior policemen and a retired officer were charged in connection to the bombing. Iran denied any role. Police inspector, Juan Jose Ribelli, accepted a $2.5 million several days before the attack for providing the car in which the bomb exploded. It was later revealed that he and his colleagues sold protection to car thieves in return for stolen goods. In 2000 Ahmad Behbahani (32) told a 60 Minutes journalist from a refugee camp in Turkey that Iran was behind the 1994 bombing in Argentina. In 2002 it was reported that Iran paid Pres. Menem $10 million to cover up Iran’s involvement. In 2004 a federal court acquitted 5 men of being accessories to the bombing. [see Nov 9, 2005] In 2009 a court ruled that Carlos Alberto Telledin, accused of loading the van with explosives, should be tried again for his participation in the bombing. In 2015 ex-President Carlos Menem, a former top judge and several other officials went on trial for allegedly derailing the investigation.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A1)(WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/9/97, p.B10)(HN, 7/18/98)(SFC, 6/6/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/3/04, p.A18)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)(SSFC, 12/20/09, p.A31)(AP, 8/6/15)
1994        Jul 18, In Rwanda the Tutsi rebel movement (RPF) under Tutsi rebel leader Paul Kagame took power. It promised to rebuild the courts and execute the guilty for the slaughter of an estimated 500-800 thousand Tutsis. Two million refugees, mostly Hutus, fled to refugee camps in Zaire and Tanzania. Kagame studied at the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in 1990. In 2005 Jean Hatzfeld, French journalist, authored “Machete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak."
    (SFC, 417/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 8/9/96, p.A10)(SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(AP, 7/18/99)(SSFC, 6/26/05, p.C3)

1994        Jul 19, A bomb ripped apart a Panama commuter plane, killing 21, including 12 Jews, a day after a car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 95 people.
    (AP, 7/19/99)
1994        Jul 19, Funeral services were held for North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung, who had died July 8 at age 82.
    (AP, 7/19/99)
1994        Jul 19,  Leonid Kuchma (b.1938) took office as the 2nd president of Ukraine.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Kuchma)

1994        Jul 20, OJ Simpson offered a $500,000 reward for evidence of ex-wife's killer.
1994        Jul 20, Bosnian Serbs rejected an international peace plan sponsored by the United States, Russia, France, Britain and Germany.
    (AP, 7/20/99)

1994        Jul 21, Hugh Scott (93) former US Senate Republican leader died in Falls Church, Va.
    (AP, 7/21/99)
1994        Jul 21, Britain's Labor Party elected Tony Blair its new leader, succeeding the late John Smith.
    (AP, 7/21/99)

1994        Jul 22, O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent to the slaying of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 7/22/99)

1994        Jul 23, Space shuttle Columbia returned to Earth after a 15-day mission which included experiments on the effects of weightlessness on aquatic animals.
    (AP, 7/23/99)
1994        Jul 23, Gambian soldiers proclaimed military government in Dakar, Senegal.
    (AP, 7/23/97)
1994        Jul 23, The Goodwill Games opened in St. Petersburg, Russia.

1994        Jul 24, Miguel Indurain won his fourth consecutive Tour de France victory.
    (AP, 7/24/99)
1994        Jul 24, S.F. Bailey walked from the village of Mokwam in the Arfak Mountains of the Vogelkop (Bird’s Head) Peninsula in Irian Jaya, Indonesia, to observe the courtship performance of Bower bird number 4, Amblyornis inornatus.
    (PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.41)
1994        Jul 24, Rwandan refugees began trickling home after Zaire reopened the border between the two countries; meanwhile, the first wave of a U.S. airlift arrived.
    (AP, 7/24/99)

1994        Jul 25, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan's King Hussein signed a declaration at the White House ending their countries' 46-year-old formal state of war.
    (AP, 7/25/97)

1994        Jul 26, The US House Banking Committee opened limited hearings on the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 7/26/99)
1994        Jul 26-1994 Jul 27, A car bomb heavily damaged the Israeli embassy in London, injuring 14; hours later, a second bomb exploded outside a building housing Jewish organizations in north London.
    (AP, 7/26/99)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)
1994        Jul 26, In Cambodia 3 Western backpackers were kidnapped from a train by the Khmer Rouge. The surprise train attack left 13 dead. Frenchman Michel Braquet, Briton Mark Slater, and Australian David Wilson were held at the base of Nuon Paet, who later ordered them killed. Paet was convicted for the killings in 1999 and sentenced to life in prison. Sam Bith and Chhouk Rin, former Khmer Rouge guerrillas, were charged in connection with the abduction and slayings in 1999. Col. Rin was arrested in 2000. Chhouk Rin was acquitted in 2000 due to an amnesty for rebel defectors. In 2002 Bith was convicted and jailed for life.
    (SFC, 6/8/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A1)(MC, 7/26/02)(AP, 12/23/02)
1994        Jul 26, The Turkish air force bombed Kurds in Iraq and 79 people were killed.

1994        Jul 27, Bosnian Serbs reimposed their blockade of Sarajevo and fired on a U.N. convoy, killing one British soldier and wounding another.
    (AP, 7/27/99)

1994        Jul 28, US Congressional negotiators agreed on a crime-fighting package that included hiring 100,000 new police officers, banning assault-style weapons, vastly expanding the death penalty and putting third-time felons behind bars for life.
    (AP, 7/28/99)
1994        Jul 28, In India 10 people died in a seven-hour gun battle when Indian police raided a camp run by Naga militants.

1994        Jul 29, US Supreme Court nominee Stephen G. Breyer won Senate approval.
    (AP, 7/29/99)
1994        Jul 29, Abortion opponent Paul Hill (40) shot and killed Dr. John Bayard Britton (69) and Britton's bodyguard, James H. Barrett, outside the Ladies Center clinic in Pensacola, Fla. Hill was later convicted and sentenced to death. Hill was executed Sep 3, 2003.
    (AP, 7/29/99)(SFC, 9/2/03, p.A7)
1994        Jul 29, Jesse Timmendequas, a convicted child molester, raped and strangled 7-year-old Megan Kanka in New Jersey. The case spawned the 1996  "Megan’s Law," the requirement that communities be informed of paroled sex offenders living in their midst. A jury ordered the death penalty for Timmendequas in 1997. He remained on New Jersey's Death Row until December 17, 2007, when the New Jersey Legislature abolished the state's death penalty. Timmendequas' sentence was then commuted to life in prison without parole.
     (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Timmendequas)

1994        Jul 30, The first U.S. troops landed in the Rwandan capital of Kigali to secure the airport for an expanded international aid effort.
    (AP, 7/30/99)

1994        Jul 31, The U.N. Security Council voted 12-0 with 2 abstentions to authorize member states to use "all necessary means" to oust the military leadership in Haiti.
    (AP, 7/31/99)(MC, 7/31/02)

1994        Jul, Key figures in a tax dodging scheme called the Pilot Connection Society went on trial in San Francisco. They were convicted for tax fraud in 1996 after failed efforts by armed militia to arrest the judge. They had peddled do-it-yourself tax evasion kits.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A4)
1994        Jul, The Chinese A share index dropped 80% to 1,744.
    (Hem. 1/95, p.49)
1994        Jul, Yahya Jammeh seized power in Gambia and suspended the 1970 constitution.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)

1994        Aug 1, Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley confirmed they had secretly married eleven weeks earlier.
    (AP, 8/1/99)
1994        Aug 1, Supporters of Haiti's military rulers declared their intention to fight back in the face of a U.N. resolution paving the way for a U.S.-led invasion.
    (AP, 8/1/99)

1994        Aug 2, US Congressional hearings began on White Water.
1994        Aug 2, Serbia threatened to cut all aid to the Bosnian Serbs if they didn't approve an international peace plan.
    (AP, 8/2/99)

1994        Aug 3, President Clinton told a prime-time news conference he would sign either of two Democratic health care plans before Congress.
    (AP, 8/2/99)
1994        Aug 3, VP Al Gore broke a 50-50 tie in the US Senate by voting in favor of an ethanol tax credit. In 2009 the credit added almost $5 billion to the federal deficit. In 2010 Gore admitted that first-generation ethanol was a mistake.
    (SFC, 11/30/10, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/2c4xaup)
1994        Aug 3, Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as the US Supreme Court's newest justice in a private ceremony at Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist's Vermont summer home.
    (AP, 8/3/97)
1994        Aug 3, Arkansas carried out the nation's first triple execution in 32 years.
    (AP, 8/2/99)

1994        Aug 4, Howard Stern dropped out of the NY gubernatorial race.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1994        Aug 4, Serb-dominated Yugoslavia withdrew its support for Bosnian Serbs, sealing the 300-mile border between Yugoslavia and Serb-held Bosnia.
    (AP, 8/4/99)

1994        Aug 5, A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington chose Kenneth W. Starr to take over the Whitewater investigation from Robert Fiske.
    (AP, 8/5/99)
1994        Aug 5, Some desperate Cubans invaded foreign embassies to demand asylum. Others hijacked Havana harbor ferries and tried to take them to the United States. Hundreds of Cubans spilled onto Havana's seaside Malecon boulevard, picked up rocks and debris from crumbling buildings and hurled them at police. Fidel Castro arrived in an army jeep to quiet the disturbance. His appearance prompted some demonstrators to drop their stones and applaud. In summer of 1994, food and fuel were scarce and islanders sweated through hours-long blackouts that stilled fans, air conditioners and water pumps.
    (AP, 8/5/09)

1994        Aug 6, In Wedowee, Ala., an apparent arson fire destroyed Randolph County High School. It had been the focus of tensions over the principal's stand against interracial dating.
    (AP, 8/6/99)

1994        Aug 7, The 10th International Conference on AIDS opened in Yokohama, Japan.
    (AP, 8/7/99)

1994        Aug 8, Israel and Jordan opened the first road link between the two once warring countries.
    (AP, 8/8/99)

1994        Aug 9, A divided US Senate opened formal debate on legislation to provide health insurance for millions of Americans without it.
    (AP, 8/8/99)
1994        Aug 9, Sen. Manuel Cepeda was gunned down on his way to work in Bogota. In 1999 Sgt. Justo Zuniga and Sgt. Hernando Medina were found guilty of participating in the murder. They acted on orders from Col. Rodolfo Herrera Luna, commander of the Ninth Brigade, who died of a heart attack in 1996. In 2010 Colombia's government acknowledged responsibility in the killing and asked forgiveness.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.C20)(AP, 1/29/10)

1994        Aug 10, President Clinton claimed presidential immunity in asking a federal judge to dismiss, at least for the time being, a sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Paula Corbin Jones, a former Arkansas state employee.
    (AP, 8/10/99)

1994        Aug 11, A US federal jury awarded $286.8 million to some 10,000 commercial fishermen for losses as a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
    (AP, 8/11/99)
1994        Aug 11, The Tenth International Conference on AIDS concluded in Yokohama, Japan.
    (AP, 8/11/99)

1994        Aug 12, Woodstock '94 opened in Saugerties, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/12/97)
1994        Aug 12, In baseball's eighth work stoppage since 1972, players went on strike rather than allowing team owners to limit their salaries. The season was effectively cancelled and there was no World Series.
    (AP, 8/12/99)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.B8)
1994        Aug 12, Supreme Court Justice Stephen G. Breyer, already sworn in during a private ceremony, took a public oath at the White House.
    (AP, 8/12/99)

1994        Aug 13, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton put Congress on notice that he wouldn't give up an assault weapons ban as the price to revive a crime bill stalled on Capitol Hill.
    (AP, 8/13/99)
1994        Aug 13, NATO Secretary-General Manfred Woerner died at age 59.
    (AP, 8/13/99)
1994        Aug 13, Elias Canetti (b.1905), Bulgarian-born German novelist, playwright and Nobel Prize winner (1981), died in Zurich. His books included “Auto-da-Fe" (1935) and “Crowds and Power" (1960) and a memoir trilogy. In 2005 an assembly of memoir manuscripts, collected after his death, was published as  “Party in the Blitz."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ecanetti.htm)(WSJ, 9/24/05, p.P12)

1994        Aug 14, Eight children who were left alone died in an early morning house fire in Carbondale, Ill.
    (AP, 8/14/99)
1994        Aug 14, Rain turned the final full day of Woodstock '94 in Saugerties, N.Y., into a mudbath.
    (AP, 8/14/04)
1994        Aug 14, In Ohio Harry Mitts Jr. shot and killed John Bryant (28) of Garfield Heights, a black man, and Sgt. Dennis Glivar (44), a white police officer. Mitts was distraught over a recent divorce and had been drinking heavily. In 2013 Mitts (61) was executed by lethal injection.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/pt4mewq)
1994        Aug 14, Space telescope Hubble photographed Uranus with rings.
1994        Aug 14, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal," was captured in Khartoum, Sudan. He was jailed in France the next day.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A18)(AP, 8/15/97)

1994        Aug 15, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal," was jailed in France after being captured in Sudan. By his own count he had killed 83 people before being captured. Bernard Violet is the author of  "Carlos - The Secret networks of Int’l. Terrorism."
    (AP, 8/15/97)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2,4)
1994        Aug 15, Shepherd Mead (80), author, died of stroke In London, England. His 1951 novel “How to Succeed at Business Without Really Trying" was made into a 1961 Broadway musical.

1994        Aug 16, President Clinton and other top Democrats were scouring the House of Representatives for converts in hopes of reviving a stalled anti-crime bill.
    (AP, 8/16/99)
1994        Aug 16, In Sri Lanka the People’s Alliance government came to power and promised to end the civil war.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994        Aug 17, Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman resigned under pressure, the latest Clinton administration official felled by the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 8/17/99)

1994        Aug 18, Florida Gov. Lawton Chiles declared an immigration emergency and demanded federal help to cope with the largest surge of Cuban refugees since the 1980 Mariel boat-lift.
    (AP, 8/18/99)
1994        Aug 18, Stella Liebeck, who spilled scalding coffee from McDonald’s on her lap in 1992, was awarded $2.7 million in punitive damages. She ended up getting only $480,000. The Liebeck v. McDonald's Restaurants product liability lawsuit became a flashpoint in the debate in the US over tort reform.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liebeck_v._McDonald%27s_Restaurants)(Econ, 12/10/11, p.38)(Econ, 10/10/15, p.27)
1994        Aug 18, Gottlob Frick (b.1906), German operatic basso, died.

1994        Aug 19, President Clinton abruptly halted the nation's three-decade open-door policy for Cuban refugees.
    (AP, 8/19/99)
1994        Aug 19, Linus Pauling (b.1901), 2-time Nobel Prize winner, died. In 1954 he won the NP for chemistry and in 1962 the NP for Peace. In 1995 Barbara Marinacci edited "Linus Pauling in His Own Words," and in 1998 published "Linus Pauling on Peace."
    (http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1962/pauling-bio.html)(SFC, 9/16/98, p.E1)

1994        Aug 20, President Clinton slapped new sanctions on Cuba that included prohibiting payments by Cuban-Americans to their relatives in Cuba.
    (AP, 8/21/04)
1994        Aug 20, Benjamin Chavis Junior was fired as head of the NAACP after a turbulent 16-month tenure.
    (AP, 8/20/99)
1994        Aug 20, Buenos Aires Archbishop Quarracino called for a zone of exclusion for all homosexuals in Argentina.
1994        Aug 20, More than 250 killed when a ferry sank in a storm on the River Meghna in Bangladesh.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

1994        Aug 21, The US House, by a vote of 235-195, passed a $30 billion crime bill that banned certain assault-style firearms.
    (AP, 8/21/99)
1994        Aug 21, Mexico held its presidential election, which was won by Ernesto Zedillo.
    (AP, 8/21/99)
1994        Aug 21, An Air Morocco regional jet crashed and killed all 44 onboard. It was suspected that the pilot steered the plane into the ground.
    (WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A1)(www.planecrashinfo.com/1994/1994-43.htm)

1994        Aug 22, DNA testing linked OJ Simpson to the murder of Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman.
1994        Aug 22, A catacarb leak at the Unocal facility in Rodeo, Ca., lasted 16 days. A suit by 6,000 residents settled in 1997 charged Unocal $80 million.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A10)
1994        Aug 22, Leo Lerman (b.1915), writer and editor for Conde Nast, died. He left behind numerous notebooks, which were published in 2007 under the title “The Grand Surprise."    
    (WSJ, 4/13/07, p.W6)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0503566/bio)
1994        Aug 22, Ernesto Zedillo of Mexico's ruling party declared his victory as president, a day after his leading opponents charged the election was unfair.
    (AP, 8/22/99)

1994        Aug 23, Republican senators threatened to thwart a $30 billion anti-crime bill unless Democrats accepted changes in the House-passed measure; President Clinton appealed for bipartisan cooperation.
    (AP, 8/23/99)

1994        Aug 24, California executed David Edwin Mason (36) in the gas chamber. Executions after Mason were all by lethal injection.
    (SFC, 12/13/05, p.A13)
1994        Aug 24, Israeli and PLO negotiators agreed on an accord to give the Palestinians control of health care, taxation, education and other services in West Bank areas still controlled by Israel.
    (AP, 8/24/99)

1994        Aug 25, The US Senate passed a $30 billion crime bill, a major victory for Pres. Clinton.
    (AP, 8/25/99)

1994        Aug 26, US Congressional leaders and White House officials all but conceded that a health reform bill was dead.
    (AP, 8/26/99)
1994        Aug 26, In Egypt a 13-year-old Spanish boy was killed and 3 others injured in a tour bus attack by Islamic extremists at Nag Hammadi.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C2)

1994        Aug 27, The US State Department said the US and Cuba had agreed to resume talks on Cuban migration, with the hope of stemming the flow of refugees headed toward Florida.
    (AP, 8/27/99)

1994        Aug 28, A Drug Enforcement Administration plane crashed in a remote area of Peru's cocaine-producing jungle, killing five U.S. agents.
    (AP, 8/28/99)

1994        Aug 29, At the end of a weekend referendum, Bosnian Serbs overwhelmingly rejected what was billed as a last-chance peace plan.
    (AP, 8/29/99)

1994        Aug 30, Rosa Parks, who helped touch off the civil rights movement in 1955 by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala., was robbed and beaten in her Detroit apartment. Joseph Skipper later pleaded guilty to assault and robbery and was sentenced to prison.
    (AP, 8/30/99)
1994        Aug 30, Randolph Dial, a sculptor and painter convicted of a 1981 murder, escaped from the Oklahoma State Reformatory. On the same day Bobbi Parker disappeared from staff housing at the reformatory, where her husband worked. On Apr 4, 2005, she was found living with Randolph Dial on a chicken farm in Texas. In 2011 Bobbi Parker was sentenced to a year in jail for helping Dial escape.
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.A2)(www.amw.com/fugitives/capture.cfm?id=23521)(SFC, 11/8/11, p.A6)
1994        Aug 30, South Korea’s May 18 Memorial Foundation was created by people who believed it important to keep the ideas and memories of the May 18, 1980, Democratic Uprising in Gwangju alive and remembered.

1994        Aug 31, In the London Intel Speed Chess Grand Prix a Pentium computer beat world chess champ Gari Kasparov.
1994        Aug 31, The Irish Republican Army (IRA) announces a "complete cessation of military operations," opening the way to a political settlement in Ireland for the first time in a quarter of a century.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 8/31/99)(HN, 8/31/99)
1994        Aug 31, Russia officially ended its military presence in the former East Germany and the Baltics after a half-century.
    (AP, 8/31/99)

1994        Aug, India's HDFC Bank, led by Aditya Puri, was founded in Mumbai. Puri retired on Oct. 26, 2020, with HDFC listed as the world's 10th most valuable bank.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HDFC_Bank)(Econ., 10/31/20, p.61)
1994        Aug, In Mexico federal police bodyguard Raul Macias passed 2 cash filled suitcases to the car trunk of Mario Ruiz Massieu, a deputy attorney general. The drug money was received from police commander Jesus David Grajeda Lara (d.12/95).
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.A14)   
1994        Aug, In Morocco a guerrilla attack by members of the Fez cell on the Atlas Asni Hotel in Marrakech left two Spanish tourists dead.
1994        Aug, In Taiwan the New Party was established by former KMT legislators who refused to accept Taiwanese separatism.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A9)

1994        Sep 1, Chicago police found the body of 11-year-old Robert "Yummy" Sandifer, a suspect in a gang-related killing who apparently became a victim of gang violence.
    (AP, 9/1/99)
1994        Sep 1, Morocco established low-level diplomatic relations with Israel.
    (AP, 9/1/99)

1994        Sep 2, The US government reported the nation's unemployment rate for August was unchanged from July, at 6.1 percent.
    (AP, 9/2/99)

1994        Sep 3, China and Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering hostilities, pledging they would no longer target nuclear missiles or use force against each other.
    (AP, 9/3/99)

1994        Sep 4, On the eve of a U.N.-sponsored conference on population in Cairo, Egypt, Vice President Al Gore told NBC the United States was seeking a blueprint for world population growth that rejected abortion as a family planning tool and an international right.
    (AP, 9/4/99)

1994        Sep 5, A U.N.-sponsored population conference opened in Cairo, Egypt, where Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland lashed out at the Vatican and at Muslim fundamentalists by defending abortion rights and sex education. 179 nations signed a statement to ensure every woman’s right to education and health care and to make choices about childbearing. In 2004 world leaders of 85 nations endorsed the plan but the US refused because the statement mentioned “sexual rights." 
    (AP, 9/5/99)(SFC, 10/14/04, p.A9)

1994        Sep 6, Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams, head of the IRA's political ally, Sinn Fein, made a joint commitment to peace after their first face-to-face meeting.
    (AP, 9/6/99)
1994        Sep 6, James Clavell, author and director (King Rat, Shogun), died at 69.
    (MC, 9/6/01)

1994        Sep 7, U.S. Marines began training on a Puerto Rican island amid talk in Washington of a U.S.-led intervention in Haiti.
    (AP, 9/7/99)
1994        Sep 7, After a brief meeting, the United States and Cuba temporarily suspended talks on stemming the Cuban refugee exodus.
    (AP, 9/7/99)

1994        Sep 8, A US Air Boeing 737 from Chicago crashed near Pittsburgh Int’l. Airport and killed all 132 people onboard. USAir Flight 427 crashed 6 minutes before it was due to land. In 2002 Bill Adair authored "The Mystery of Flight 427."
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)(AP, 9/8/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 5/23/02, p.D7)
1994        Sep 8, The last US, British & French troops left West-Berlin.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1994        Sep 9, The United States agreed to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in return for Cuba's promise to halt the flight of refugees.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1994        Sep 9, Prosecutors in Los Angeles said they would not seek the death penalty for O.J. Simpson.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1994        Sep 9, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off on an 11-day mission.
    (AP, 9/9/99)
1994        Sep 9, In England six prisoners escaped from Whitemoor Prison. They included London Gangster Andy Russell, Paul Magee and other members of the IRA.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.51)(http://tinyurl.com/lwwbe4x)

1994        Sep 10, President Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and top national security advisers met to discuss intervention in Haiti, but made no final decisions.
    (AP, 9/10/99)
1994        Sep 10, Amy Clampitt (b.1920), American poet, died. Her books included “Kingfisher" (1983). In 2005 Willard Spiegelman edited her selected letters: “Love, Amy: The Selected Letters of Amy Clampitt."
    (WSJ, 7/22/05, p.W7)(www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=890)

1994        Sep 11, In the 46th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards the winners included Fraiser (comedy), Picket Fences (best drama).
    (AP, 9/11/04)
1994        Sep 11, Anthony Marceca visited Craig Livingstone at the White House and secretly perused his own personal FBI file. He obtained the names of 2 women, Lanny Stephenson and Joyce L. Montag, who had provided the FBI background information and sued them for slander.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A9)(www.judicialwatch.org/archive/ois/cases/filegate/SubCertBrief.htm)
1994        Sep 11, Frederick Rand Weissman (b.1912, philanthropist, died. He funded a number of American art galleries.
1994        Sep 11, Jessica Tandy (85), actress (Driving Miss Daisy), died of cancer in Easton, Conn.
    (AP, 9/11/99)

1994        Sep 12, A stolen, single-engine Cessna crashed into the South Lawn of the White House, coming to rest against the executive mansion; the pilot, Frank Corder, was killed.
    (AP, 9/12/99)
1994        Sep 12, Tom Ewell (S. Yewell Tompkins), US actor (7 Year Itch), died at 85.
1994        Sep 12, In Canada the Parti Quebecois won a parliamentary election.

1994        Sep 13 President Clinton signed into law a $30 billion anticrime bill. It included a 10 year ban on assault weapons, which expired in 2004.
    (AP, 9/13/99)(SFC, 9/10/04, p.A1)
1994        Sep 13, Pres. Clinton signed the Violence Against Women Act. The first lawsuit under the act was reinstated in 1997 in a case where a Virginia Tech student claimed to have been raped by two football players.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violence_Against_Women_Act)(WSJ, 3/27/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 12/24/97, p.A1)
1994        Sep 13, Bob Blackbull, Blackfoot Indian, received his first shipment of mustangs in Browning, Montana, and revived a piece of their culture.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A3)
1994        Sep 13, In Cyprus 3 British soldiers abducted tour guide Louise Jensen (23). Her body was found 2 days later. In 1996 they were sentenced to life imprisonment after being convicted of abducting, conspiring to rape, and killing Louise Jensen. In 2006 the former soldiers were released and deported to Britain after serving only 12 years.
    (www.hri.org/news/cyprus/cmnews/1998/98-06-17.cmnews.html)(AP, 8/22/06)
1994        Sep 13, Some 180 nations at a U.N.-sponsored conference in Cairo, Egypt, adopted a 20-year blueprint for slowing the world's population growth.
    (AP, 9/13/99)

1994        Sep 14, On the 34th day of a strike by players, Bud Selig, acting commissioner, announced the 1994 baseball season was over. All 28 baseball owners voted to cancel rest of 1994 season.
    (AP, 9/14/99)

1994        Sep 15, In a terse ultimatum from the Oval Office, President Clinton told Haiti's military leaders in a prime-time address: "Your time is up. Leave now or we will force you from power."
    (AP, 9/14/99)
1994        Sep 15, An Arab Charter on Human Rights was adopted by the Council of the League of Arab States.

1994        Sep 16, A federal jury ordered Exxon Corp. to pay $5 billion in punitive damages to commercial fishermen and others harmed in the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska. A US Court of Appeals threw out the punitive damages in 2001.
    (AP, 9/16/99)(SFC, 11/8/01, p.A17)
1994        Sep 16, Two astronauts from the space shuttle Discovery went on the first untethered spacewalk in 10 years.
    (AP, 9/16/99)

1994        Sep 17, Heather Whitestone of Alabama was crowned "Miss America," the first deaf woman to win the title.
    (AP, 9/17/97)
1994        Sep 17, Fifty-six miners confirmed killed in a gas blast at the Nanshan coal mine, northeastern Heilongjiang province.
1994        Sep 17, As some 20 warships sat off the coast of Haiti, former President Jimmy Carter, Sen. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) and retired Gen. Colin Powell arrived in the Caribbean nation in an 11th-hour bid to avert a U.S.-led invasion.
    (AP, 9/17/99)
1994        Sep 17, Sir Karl Popper (b.1902), Austrian-born philosopher of science, died.

1994        Sep 18, Ken Burn's "Baseball" premiered on PBS.
1994        Sep 18, Tennis star Vitas Gerulaitis, 40, was found dead in the guest cottage of a friend's home in Southampton, N.Y., of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning.
    (AP, 9/18/04)
1994        Sep 18, Haiti's military leaders agreed to an Oct. 15 departure deadline, thereby averting a U.S.-led invasion to force them from power.
    (AP, 9/18/04)

1994        Sep 19, Some 3,000 U.S. troops peacefully entered Haiti to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. The US operation Uphold Democracy began in Haiti and ended Mar 31, 1995. They cost $1.1 billion and left 4 US casualties with 3 wounded.
    (AP, 9/19/99)(www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/haiti/haiti99.htm)

1994        Sep 20, Space shuttle Discovery and its six astronauts landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California after an 11-day mission.
    (AP, 9/20/99)
1994        Sep 20, Jule Styne (88), Broadway composer (Gypsy, Funny Girl), died in New York.
    (AP, 9/20/99)

1994        Sep 21, Prosecutors from Los Angeles and Santa Barbara counties announced that Michael Jackson would not face child molestation charges; however, the case would remain open until 1999.
    (AP, 9/21/99)

1994        Sep 22, The United States stepped up its military control of Haiti, breaking up heavy weapons, guarding pro-democracy activists and giving U.S. troops more leeway to use force.
    (AP, 9/22/99)
1994        Sep 22, Pope John Paul II, recovering from hip-replacement surgery, canceled his U.S. trip, planned for October.
    (AP, 9/22/99)
1994        Sep 22, In Tolunda, Angola, faulty brakes caused a train to plunge into a ravine and some 300 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1994        Sep 23, The White House announced a shakeup involving two dozen staff members.
    (AP, 9/23/99)
1994        Sep 23, In Bangladesh opposition activists attacked a train carrying opposition political leader Sheikh Hasina Wajed at Pakshi Rail Station. Scores of people were injured but Hasina was unhurt. In 2019 a court sentenced nine opposition activists to death and 25 others to life in prison for the attack.
    (SFC, 7/5/19, p.A2)
1994        Sep 23, John van Damme (59), Dutch businessman, was hanged in Singapore for drug trafficking.
1994        Sep 23, The U.N. Security Council rewarded Yugoslavia for sealing its border with Bosnia by easing sanctions in sports, cultural exchanges and air traffic.
    (AP, 9/23/99)

1994        Sep 24, In Texas Orlando Hall and three others abducted Lisa Rene (16) in Dallas after Hall was stiffed by her two bothers in a drug deal. Rene was killed two days later in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Hall (49) was executed in 2020.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y426nsz7)    (SFC, 11/21/20, p.A4)
1994        Sep 24, A firefight erupted between U.S. Marines and a group of armed Haitians outside a police station in the northern coastal city of Cap-Haitien; 10 of the Haitians were killed.
    (AP, 9/24/99)

1994        Sep 25, Russian President Boris Yeltsin began a five-day swing through the United States as he arrived in New York, hoping to encourage American investment in his country's struggling economy.
    (AP, 9/25/99)
1994        Sep 25, Swiss voters approved a ban on racist propaganda. The law became effective Jan 1,1995.

1994        Sep 26, Addressing the U.N. General Assembly, President Clinton announced he had lifted most U.S. sanctions against Haiti and urged other nations to follow suit.
    (AP, 9/26/99)
1994        Sep 26, US Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell declared health care reform dead for the session.
    (AP, 9/26/99)
1994        Sep 26, Jury selection began in Los Angeles for the murder trial of O.J. Simpson.
    (AP, 9/26/99)

1994        Sep 27, More than 350 Republican congressional candidates gathered on the steps of the Capitol to sign the "Contract with America," a 10-point platform they pledged to enact if voters sent a GOP majority to the House.
    (AP, 9/27/99)

1994        Sep 27, In Egypt a German tourist and 2 Egyptians were killed by Islamic extremists at Hurghada. Two other Germans were injured in gunfire at a Red Sea resort city, and one later died.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C2)

1994        Sep 28, The film "Ed Wood" premiered. A stranger-than-fiction true story of the early career of Edward D. Wood, Jr., the undisputed "worst movie director of all time." Director Ed Wood died in 1978.
1994        Sep 28, CIA Director R. James Woolsey announced reprimands of 11 senior officers in the wake of the Aldrich Ames spy scandal.
    (AP, 9/28/99)
1994        Sep 28, Harry Saltzman (78), producer (Dr No, Nijinski), died.
1994        Sep 28, More than 900 (909) people died when the ferry Estonia capsized and sank off the Finnish coast in the Baltic sea. 852 people of 989 onboard were killed. In 1999 evidence was reported that 3 explosive devices had been placed on the ship's visor-like bow door.
    (AP, 9/28/99)(SFC, 12/31/99, p.A16)
1994        Sep 28, In Mexico Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu, the No. 2 man of the governing Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was murdered. Raul Salinas de Gortari was later arrested and accused of masterminding the murder. Manuel Munoz Rocha, a federal congressman, disappeared after the 9/28/94 slaying of Ruiz Massieu. Prosecutors later said that Salinas and Rocha conspired to kill Massieu. Raul Salinas was convicted in 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A-15)(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A12)(SFC, 1/22/99, p.A10)

1994        Sep 29, The US House voted to end the age-old practice of lobbyists buying meals and entertainment for members of Congress.
    (AP, 9/29/99)
1994        Sep 29, The first phase of jury selection in the O.J. Simpson murder trial ended, with a pool of 304 potential jurors chosen.
    (AP, 9/29/04)
1994        Sep 29, Gunmen in Italy fired at the rental car of the Green family of Bodega Bay, Ca., and killed their young boy, Nicholas Green. The parents donated his organs and saved 7 lives in Italy. An appeals court in 1998 found 2 men guilty of the botched highway robbery. Michelle Ianello was sentenced to life in prison and Francesco Mesiano was sentenced to 20 years. In 1999 Reg Green published "The Nicholas Effect, A Boy's Gift to the World."
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, p.B8)(SFC, 6/6/98, p.A10)(SFEM, 6/13/99, p.27)

1994        Sep 30, The space shuttle Endeavour and its six astronauts roared into orbit on an 11-day mission.
    (AP, 9/30/99)
1994        Sep 30, Roberto Viola (b.1924), Argentine general and president (1981), died. In 1983 he was arrested and sentenced to 17 years in prison for human rights violations committed by the military junta during the Dirty War.

1994        Sep, Pres. Clinton ordered 20,000 US troops into Haiti to restore a democratically elected government and to stop the flow of boat people to Florida.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.A14)
1994        Sep, A US District Court assessed $5.3 billion in punitive damages on Exxon Corp. for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A7)
1994        Sep, Apple Corp. announced that it would allow other companies clone the Mac.
    (SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
1994        Sep, SynOptics Corp. merged with Wellfleet Communications and changed its name to Bay Networks Inc. SynOptics developed a way to use telephone type wiring arrayed in spokes from a connecting box called a hub. This lowered costs and improved reliability for system networks.
    (WSJ,11/14/94, p.R26)
1994        Sep, In Ohio at the Oktoberfest in Cincinnati a record for the ‘World’s Largest Chicken Dance" was set with 48,000 people dancing.
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.B1)
1994        Sep, The Taliban was formed in southern Afghanistan. Its fighters were initially trained by the Frontier Constabulary, a paramilitary force of Pakistan’s Interior Ministry (ISI). Taliban forces captured the southern town of Kandahar. 800 truckloads of arms and ammunition were gained from a Soviet cache. They continued to gain land over the next 2 years. The Taliban took Kabul in 1996.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(SFC, 1/1/97,p.C3)(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A10)    (WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A6)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.44)
1994        Sep, In Algeria Lounes Matoub, a popular Berber singer, was kidnapped by Islamic militants. He was held for over 2 weeks and released after over 100,000 people demonstrated for his freedom.
    (SFC, 6/27/98, p.A13)
1994        Sep, In Guatemala a 440-member UN human rights mission was installed.
    (SFC, 5/14/96, A-10)
1994        Sep, India’s eastern port city of Surat, Gujarat state, was hit with pneumonic plague. 52 people lost their lives. From August to October 693 suspected cases and 56 deaths were reported from the five affected Indian states as well as the federal district of New Delhi.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994_plague_epidemic_in_Surat)(Econ, 12/5/15, p.40)
1994        Sep, Naseerullah Baber, Pakistan’s interior minister, arranged a peace convoy to run rice, clothing and other gifts through Afghanistan to Turkmenistan.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, C3)

1994        Oct 1, National Hockey League team owners began a 103-day lockout of their players.
    (AP, 10/1/99)
1994        Oct 1, The United States and Japan reached a series of trade agreements, averting a threatened trade war.
    (AP, 10/1/99)

1994        Oct 2, U.S. soldiers in Haiti detained several leaders of the country's pro-army militias as part of an effort to dismantle armed opposition to restoration of elected rule.
    (AP, 10/2/99)
1994        Oct 2, Harriet Nelson (85), actress (The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet), died of heart failure in Laguna Beach, Ca.
    (AP, 10/2/04)

1994        Oct 3, U.S. soldiers in Haiti raided the headquarters of a hated pro-army militia.
    (AP, 10/3/99)
1994        Oct 3, US Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy announced his resignation because of questions about gifts he had received.
    (AP, 10/3/99)
1994        Oct 3, South African President Nelson Mandela addressed the United Nations, urging the world to support his country's economy.
    (AP, 10/3/99)

1994        Oct 4, President Clinton welcomed South African President Nelson Mandela to the White House.
    (AP, 10/4/99)
1994        Oct 4, In France Florence Rey (19), a literature student, participated in a bungled holdup that left 3 police officers, a taxi driver, and her accomplice-lover dead following a car chase. In 1998 she was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B3)
1994        Oct 4, Exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide vowed in an address to the U.N. General Assembly to return to Haiti in 11 days.
    (AP, 10/4/99)

1994        Oct 5, 48 members of a secret religious doomsday cult were found dead in apparent murder-suicides carried out simultaneously in two Swiss villages; five other bodies were found in a sect apartment in Montreal, Canada.
    (AP, 10/5/99)

1994        Oct 6, In an address to a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress, South African President Nelson Mandela warned against the lure of isolationism, saying the U.S. post-Cold War focus should be on eliminating "tyranny, instability and poverty" across the globe.
    (AP, 10/6/99)

1994        Oct 7, At an East Room news conference, Clinton expressed frustration over failures in his legislative agenda, blaming Republicans for "trying to stop it, slow it, kill it or just talk it to death."
    (AP, 10/7/99)
1994        Oct 7, Iraqi troops moved south toward Kuwait. Pres. Clinton dispatched a carrier group, 54,000 troops and warplanes to the gulf area after Iraqi troops were spotted moving south toward Kuwait. The Iraqis pulled back.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(AP, 10/7/99)

1994        Oct 8, President Clinton, responding to the massing of Iraqi troops near the Kuwaiti border, warned Saddam Hussein not to misjudge "American will or American power" as he ordered additional U.S. forces to the region.
    (AP, 10/8/99)

1994        Oct 9, The United States sent troops and warships to the Persian Gulf after Saddam Hussein sent tens of thousands of elite troops and hundreds of tanks toward the Kuwaiti border.
    (AP, 10/9/99)
1994        Oct 9, In the Austrian parliamentary election 22.6% voted extreme-right. The ruling coalition of the Social Democratic Party and the People’s Party retained a legislative majority but lost 23 seats.
1994        Oct 9, Israeli soldier Nachshon Wachsman (19) was kidnapped in Lod by 4 members of Hamas. Hamas demanded the release of a jailed Hamas leader and 200 other fundamentalist prisoners by Oct 14.
    (SFC, 3/28/09, p.A9)

1994        Oct 10, Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell of the US won the Nobel Prize in medicine for their discovery of G-proteins and how cells confuse messages and foster diseases.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(AP, 10/10/99)
1994        Oct 10, Anna Hauptmann (95), wife of Lindbergh baby kidnapper Bruno, died in New Holland, Pennsylvania.
1994        Oct 10, Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras resigned as commander-in-chief of Haiti's armed forces and pledged to leave the country.
    (AP, 10/10/99)
1994        Oct 10, Iraq announced it was withdrawing its forces from the Kuwaiti border; seeing no signs of a pullback, President Clinton dispatched 350 additional aircraft to the region.
    (AP, 10/10/99)

1994        Oct 11, U.S. troops in Haiti took over the National Palace.
    (AP, 10/11/99)
1994        Oct 11, The Colorado Supreme Court declared the state's anti-gay rights measure unconstitutional.
    (AP, 10/11/99)
1994        Oct 11, Iraqi troops began moving north, away from the Kuwaiti border.
    (AP, 10/11/99)

1994        Oct 12,     American Clifford G. Shull and Canadian Bertram N. Brockhouse won the Nobel physics prize; American George A. Olah won the Nobel chemistry prize.
    (AP, 10/12/04)
1994        Oct 12, The Magellan space probe ended its four-year mapping mission of Venus, plunging into the planet's atmosphere.
    (TV, 10/17/95) (AP, 10/12/99)
1994        Oct 12, Panama granted political asylum to ousted Haitian military leader Raoul Cedras.
    (AP, 10/12/99)

1994        Oct 13, Kenzabuto Oe, Japanese novelist, won the Nobel prize for literature. His work included "A Personal Matter" (1964) and "An Echo of Heaven."
    (SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.9)(AP, 10/13/99)
1994        Oct 13, Pro-British Protestant paramilitaries in Northern Ireland announced a cease-fire matching the Irish Republican Army's six-week-old truce.
    (AP, 10/13/99)
1994        Oct 13, In Sri Lanka peace talks began in Jaffna.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994        Oct 14, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to PLO leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/99)
1994        Oct 14, Nobel Prize-winning writer Naguib Mahfouz (1911-2006) was stabbed several times in the neck by a 21-year-old assailant on a Cairo street. Muslim militants were blamed in the attack. The wound resulted in the paralysis of his writing hand.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)(AP, 10/14/04)
1994        Oct 14, Israeli soldier Nachshon Wachsman, kidnapped on Oct 9, was killed when Israeli commandos raided the hideout of Islamic militants in Jerusalem. An Israeli soldier and 3 kidnappers were also killed in the ensuing firefight. In 2006 his family files suit against Iran for providing training and support to Hamas. In 2009 a US judge awarded a $25 million settlement to the family.
    (AP, 10/14/99)(SFC, 3/28/09, p.A9)

1994        Oct 15, A Cuban exile took part in a commando raid during which Arcilio Rodriguez Garcia, a local official, was shot dead. Humberto Real Suarez and six others were captured several hours after landing by boat. He was sentenced to death in 1996 and the others were sentenced to 30-years in prison. In late 2010 Cuba's Supreme Court commuted the death sentence against Humberto Real Suarez, the last person remaining on death row in Cuba.
    (SFC, 4/26/96, p.A-14)(AP, 12/28/10)
1994        Oct 15, Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned to his country, three years after being overthrown by army rulers. The U.N. Security Council welcomed Aristide's return by voting to lift stifling trade sanctions imposed against Haiti. The US had led an invasion, Operation Restore Democracy, to restore Pres. Aristide. Emmanuel "Toto" Constant left Haiti for the US when Jean-Bertrand Aristide was reinstated as president. The US invasion was described in 1999 by Bob Shacochis in "The Immaculate Invasion." Shacochis served there for 18 months as a Special Forces noncombatant.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.1)(WSJ, 2/18/99, p.A20)(AP, 10/15/99)

1994        Oct 16, Heavy rains began drenching southeast Texas, resulting in floods that left 20 dead and forced 14,000 from their homes in 35 counties.
    (AP, 10/16/99)
1994        Oct 16, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl was elected to a fourth term.
    (AP, 10/16/99)

1994        Oct 17, Negotiators for the Angolan government and rebels agreed to a peace treaty to end their 19-year civil war.
    (AP, 10/17/99)
1994        Oct 17, Leaders of Israel and Jordan initialed a draft peace treaty.
    (AP, 10/17/99)

1994        Oct 18, US Defense Secretary William Perry, nearing the end of a visit to China, said Beijing had agreed to brief the Pentagon on its overall military strategy and defense spending plans.
    (AP, 10/18/99)

1994        Oct 19, Entertainer Martha Raye died in Los Angeles at age 78.
    (AP, 10/19/99)
1994        Oct 19, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed 22 Israelis and wounded 48 in a bus explosion in the heart of Tel Aviv's shopping district. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 10/19/99)

1994        Oct 20, The Pentagon announced that more than 100,000 U.S. troops were being taken off alert for possible movement to the Persian Gulf because the Iraqi threat to Kuwait had abated.
    (AP, 10/20/99)
1994        Oct 20, Actor Burt Lancaster died in Los Angeles at age 80. In 2000 Kate Buford authored the biography "Burt Lancaster: An American Life."
    (AP, 10/20/99)(SFEC, 3/19/00, BR p.1)

1994        Oct 21, President Clinton conceded in a news conference that Democrats would lose seats in the upcoming election.
    (AP, 10/21/04)
1994        Oct 21, The wife of CIA turncoat Aldrich Ames, Rosario Ames, was sentenced to five years in prison for her role in her husband's espionage.
    (AP, 10/21/04)
1994        Oct 21, United States and North Korea signed an agreement requiring the communist nation to halt its nuclear program and agree to inspections. Fuel rods from North Korea’s nuclear reactor were to be shipped out of the country, but that did not happen. The deal unraveled eight years later. Kang Sok Ju (1939-2016) was Pyongyang's chief negotiator.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kang_Sok-ju)(AP, 10/21/99)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.41)(Econ, 7/25/15, p.23)
1994        Oct 21, Thirty-two people were killed when a section of bridge collapsed in Seoul, South Korea.
    (AP, 10/21/99)

1994        Oct 22, President Clinton, campaigning in San Francisco for California Democrats, demanded that schools expel gun-toting students; he earlier accused Republicans of plotting to gut his education package.
    (AP, 10/22/99)
1994        Oct 22, Colorado Springs opened a brand new airport with a 2.5 million annual passenger capacity, or about 7,000 people per day.
     (Hem, Dec. 94, p.138)
1994        Oct 22, Harold Horace Hopkins (b.1918), inventor (Endoscope), died.
1994        Oct 22, Rollo May (b.1909), founder (Humanistic Psychology Movement), died.

1994        Oct 23, Robert Lansing (66), actor (Twelve O'Clock High, Kung Fu: The Legend Continues, Equalizer), died of cancer.
1994        Oct 23, In Egypt a British man was killed and 3 injured in an attack on a van by Islamic extremists at Naqada.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C2)
1994        Oct 23, A suicide bomber in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killed 50 people including Gamini Dissanayake, the opposition presidential candidate.
    (AP, 10/23/99)

1994        Oct 24, The Clinton administration announced that the U.S. budget deficit had fallen to $203 billion in the just-completed fiscal year.
    (AP, 10/24/04)
1994        Oct 24, Raul Julia (54), actor (Addams Family), died of stroke in Manhasset, N.Y.
    (AP, 10/24/04)
1994        Oct 24, John Lautner (b.1911), American modernist architect, died. In 1999 Alan Hess authored "The Architecture of John Lautner." Lautner’s houses included Chemosphere (1960) at 7776 Torreyson Dr., LA, Ca. His Rawlins residence is located on Balboa Island in Newport Beach, Ca.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.E7)(http://pages.videotron.com/mdaoust/)

1994        Oct 25, President Clinton began a five-day trip to the Mideast.
    (AP, 10/25/99)
1994        Oct 25, Susan Smith drowned her 2 sons when she let her car roll into John D. Long Lake in South Carolina. Smith of Union, S.C., claimed that a black carjacker had driven off with her two sons and later confessed to drowning the children in John D. Long Lake. She was convicted of murder. On Aug 31, 1996 three adults and 4 children drowned at the same location when their car rolled into lake by accident.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.D5)(AP, 10/25/99)
1994        Oct 25, Three defendants were convicted in South Africa of murdering American exchange student Amy Biehl.
    (AP, 10/25/99)

1994        Oct 26, Israel's PM Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Jordan's PM Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton. The peace agreement allowed Israel to lease two small areas, Baqura and Ghamr, from the Jordanians for 25 years. The Naharayim park on the border was established as a symbol of the landmark peace agreement.  In 2018 Jordan chose not to renew a clause of the peace treaty that granted Israel use of two enclaves inside Jordanian territory. The site was set to revert to full Jordanian control in early November, 2019.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A4)(SFC, 6/15/96, p.A7)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(AP, 10/26/97)(AP, 10/21/18)(AP, 10/25/19)(AP, 11/6/19)

1994        Oct 27, In the first trip to Syria by an American president in 20 years, Pres. Clinton met with Syrian President Hafez Assad before heading to Jerusalem to meet with Israeli officials.
    (AP, 10/27/99)

1994        Oct 28, President Clinton visited Kuwait, where he praised U.S. ground forces sent in response to an Iraqi threat, and all but promised the troops they'd be home by Christmas.
    (AP, 10/28/99)

1994        Oct 29, Francisco Martin Duran of Colorado Springs, Colo., fired more than two dozen shots from a semiautomatic rifle at the White House while standing on Pennsylvania Avenue; Duran was later convicted of trying to assassinate President Clinton and was sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/29/99)

1994        Oct 30, The National Museum of American Indian opened in NYC.
1994        Oct 30, Pope John Paul II named 30 new cardinals, including the archbishops of Baltimore and Detroit and the first-ever from Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina and two former East-bloc states, Albania and Belarus.
    (AP, 10/30/99)

1994        Oct 31, An American Eagle French-built ATR-72, en route from Indianapolis to Chicago, crashed in Roselawn, Ind., and killed 68 people. In 1997 American Airlines and 7 other companies settled a suit filed by relatives for $110 million.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A4)(AP, 10/31/97)

1994        Oct, The Clintons inaugurated a sculpture garden at the White House.
    (WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A20)
1994        Oct, R.I. Hernstein and Charles Murray published "The Bell Curve." The book asserted that the US is fast becoming an "IQ meritocracy," in which bright people are channeled into High-paying jobs while the very dull, including many from minority groups, disproportionately become welfare recipients, unwed teenage mothers, school dropouts and criminals.
    (WSJ, 10/20/94, p.B1)
1994        Oct, The Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to Hungarian-American John C. Harsanyi (1920-2000) of UC Berkeley, John F. Nash of Princeton and to Reinhard Selten of the Univ. of Bonn for their groundbreaking work in game theory.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(SFC, 8/12/00, p.A22)
1994        Oct, John Forbes Nash Jr. (1928-2015) won the Nobel Prize for Economic Science based on his work in game theory which proved that there is always one set of strategies in which no player can improve his situation by switching to a different strategy. Nash spent many years debilitated by paranoid schizophrenia. In 1998 Sylvia Nasar published Nash’s biography: "A Beautiful Mind." In 2001 a film opened based on the book.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Forbes_Nash)(WSJ, 6/19/98, p.W9)(NW, 1/14/02, p.68)(Econ, 8/20/16, p.60)
1994        Oct, Forbes magazine listed Gordon Getty as America’s 49th richest person with $1.5 billion.
    (SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)
1994        Oct, US Congress passed the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act. It was intended to keep the FDA’s hands off of vitamin and mineral supplements unless something goes wrong. It relaxed rules on how herbs could be marketed by allowing companies to advertise structure and function claims even if medical evidence was sketchy.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/3/97, p.A1)
1994        Oct, Dream Works, a film studio venture, was formed by Steven Spielberg, David Geffen and Jeffrey Katzenberg.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.D3)
1994        Oct, Shuttle by United Airlines began operating to compete with Southwest Airlines.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)
1994        Oct, GE sold its Kidder, Peabody investment house to Paine Webber for $670 million.

1994        Oct, Seven Picasso paintings worth an estimated $44 million are stolen from a gallery in Zurich. They are recovered in 2000.
    (AP, 2/11/08)
1994        Oct, Bosnian forces defeated the Serbs near Bihac.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1994        Oct, Fernando Henrique Cardoso was elected president of Brazil.
    (USAT, OW, 4/22/96, p.1)
1994        Oct, Kim Jong Ryul, a North Korean colonel who spent two decades going on European shopping sprees for his country's rulers, faked his death at the end of one of his trips and started a new, secret life in Austria in the hope that the oppressive regime would crumble within years. He left behind a wife and two children. In 2010 Austrian journalists Ingrid Steiner-Gashi and Dardan Gashi authored an account of Ryul’s work for Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 3/5/10)
1994        Oct, In Northern Ireland the Loyalist Volunteers were founded by hard-line dissidents opposed to the truces called by the Ulster Defense Assoc. and the Ulster Volunteer Force, the north’s 2 major pro-British gangs.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)
1994        Oct, Russian Journalist Dmitry Kholodov was killed by an exploding briefcase. He had been investigating corruption in the military. He had targeted former defense minister Gen’l. Pavel Grachev and former troop commander Gen’l. Matvei Burlakov. In 1998 a prosecutor charged retired colonel Pavle Popovskikh with organizing the killing. In 2004 a Russian court acquitted 6 men for lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 12/30/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/11/04, p.A1)

1994        Nov 1, The US Senate Intelligence Committee released a report saying CIA Director R. James Woolsey's response to the Aldrich Ames spy case was "seriously inadequate," but that his predecessors were ultimately to blame for the scandal.
    (AP, 11/1/99)
1994        Nov 1, In Cherry Hill, Pa., Len Jenoff and Paul Daniels clubbed to death Carol Neulander (52), the wife of Rabbi Fred J. Neulander (53), under a contract from Rabbi Neulander. Neulander stood trial in 2001 in New Jersey. He was convicted of murder Nov 20, 2002 and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A18)(SFC, 11/21/02, p.A6)(SFC, 11/23/02, p.A4)
1994        Nov 1, George W. Bush was elected governor of Texas.
    (SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1994        Nov 1, Syd Dernley (73), British hangman, died. In 1989 he authored “The Hangman's Tale: Memoirs of a Public Executioner." 

1994        Nov 2, A jury in Pensacola, Fla., convicted Paul Hill of murder for the July 29 shotgun slayings of an abortion provider and his bodyguard; Hill was sentenced to death. He became the first person to be executed for killing an abortion provider when he was killed by electrocution on September 3, 2003 at the age of 49 at the Florida State Prison in Raiford, Florida.
    (AP, 11/2/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Jennings_Hill)
1994        Nov 2, In Durunka, Egypt, more than 475 people were killed when fuel carried by floodwaters ignited.
    (AP, 11/2/99)

1994        Nov 3, Susan Smith of Union (23), S.C., was arrested for drowning her two young sons, nine days after claiming the children had been abducted by a black carjacker. She was convicted on July 22, 1995, of murdering her two sons, aged 3 and 14 months, when she drove her car into a local lake. She was later sentenced to life in prison. Smith will be eligible for parole on November 4, 2024, after serving a minimum of thirty years. She is currently incarcerated at Leath Correctional Institution, near Greenwood, South Carolina.
    (AP, 11/3/99)(http://tinyurl.com/3yhjlc)
1994        Nov 3, Twelve jurors were seated at the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/3/99)
1994        Nov 3, The space shuttle Atlantis blasted into orbit on a mission to survey Earth's ozone layer.
    (AP, 11/3/99)
1994        Nov 3, There was a total solar eclipse in South America (4m23s).

1994        Nov 4, In Union, S.C., townspeople jeered as Susan Smith was led into court, a day after the 23-year-old secretary was arrested and charged with murder in the drownings of her sons, 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alexander.
    (AP, 11/4/99)

1994        Nov 5, Former President Reagan disclosed he had Alzheimer's disease.
    (AP, 11/5/97)
1994        Nov 5, George Foreman, 45, became boxing's oldest heavyweight champion by knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their WBA fight in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 11/5/99)
1994        Nov 5, Evelyna LeBlanc (15) was raped and shot in the head in San Leandro, Ca. She died the next day. In 2007 DNA evidence led police to Inani Charles Williams (27), who had been indicted for a 2006 residential burglary in Portland, Ore.
    (SFC, 5/4/07, p.B12)
1994        Nov 5, Space probe Ulysses completed its 1st passage behind the Sun.

1994        Nov 6, About 300 people crowded a small church in Union, S.C., for the funeral of 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex Smith, who'd been drowned by their mother, Susan Smith.
    (AP, 11/6/99)

1994        Nov 7, On the eve of Election Day, President Clinton concluded an eight-day campaign odyssey with an impassioned plea for embattled Democrats, saying, "We'll go forward, we don't want to go back," even as he braced for expected Republican gains in the House and Senate.
    (AP, 11/7/99)
1994        Nov 7, James Winston Watts (90), developer of the Frontal Lobotomy, died.

1994        Nov 8, In midterm US elections Republicans won a majority in the Senate. They gained control of the House for the first time in 40 years.
    (WSJ,11/9/94)(AP, 11/8/99)
1994        Nov 8, California voters approved Proposition 187, designed to bar illegal aliens from education, social services and non-emergency health care. Its co-author was Alan C. Nelson (d.1997) and Harold Ezell (d.1998 at 61). Nelson had served as head of the federal INS (1982-1989). Prop. 187 was later struck down by the courts.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A23)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.40)
1994        Nov 8, California voters passed Prop. 184 with a 72% majority approving the “three strikes" sentencing law. A 2nd felony can be punished with a double sentence. A 3rd felony may lead to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)
1994        Nov 8, Bill Frist, M.D., was elected Senator from Tennessee. His family founded the HCA hospital chain. In 1989 Frist authored “Transplant, A Heart Surgeon's Account of the Life-And-Death Dramas of the New Medicine."
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.32)(http://frist.senate.gov/)
1994        Nov 8, The UN Security Council established the Int’l. Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to prosecute those responsible for the Rwanda genocide. By 2004 18 people were convicted. In 2004 Sylvestre Gacumbitsi, a former Rwandan mayor, was convicted for his role in the slaughter and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Criminal_Tribunal_for_Rwanda)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A19)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.A3)

1994        Nov 8-1994 Nov 21, Hurricane Gordon caused 1,137 deaths in the Caribbean and eight in the United States. The storm hit Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti before striking Florida.
    (AP, 9/11/04)(www.wunderground.com)

1994        Nov 9, A day after Republicans won majorities in both the House and Senate, President Clinton and the GOP pledged cooperation, even as they started forming battle lines over irreconcilable differences.
    (AP, 11/9/99)

1994        Nov 10, Officials said the United States would lift the arms embargo against the Bosnian government, despite opposition of the U.N. Security Council.
    (AP, 11/10/99)
1994        Nov 10, Louis Nizer (b.1902), prominent London-born attorney, died in New York. Nizer is best known for “My Life in Court," a best seller describing some of his own cases.
1994        Nov 10, Iraq, hoping to win an end to trade sanctions, recognized the independence and boundaries of Kuwait.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)(AP, 11/10/99)
1994        Nov 10, In Russia Colonel Mikhail Likhodey chairman of the Afghan War Invalids Fund was killed by a bomb blast outside his apartment. The Fund had been granted lucrative tax exemptions on the import and export of alcohol and tobacco with an estimated value of $800 million.
    (SFC, 11/11/96, p.A13)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A11)

1994        Nov 11, President Clinton set out for an Asian trade conference.
    (AP, 11/11/04)
1994        Nov 11, Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft Corp., purchased a 72-page document by Leonardo da Vinci that he renamed the "Codex Leicester" for $30.8 million. The work was written in backwards-mirror with illustrations of the author’s theories on the movement of water and air.
    (WSJ, 5/14/96, p.A-18)(NH, 5/97, p.11)
1994        Nov 11, Eddie Polec (16), a Fox Chase high school student, died after being clubbed to death by students of Abington High School. On March 20, 1996, Carlo Johnson (20) and Bou Khathavong (18) – believed by prosecutors to be the ring leaders in the assault, although neither beat Polec – received maximum five- to 10-year sentences for conspiracy. Prosecutors believe the two organized the rumble and provided the baseball bats. Anthony Rienzi and Nick Pinero, both 18, were sentenced to the maximum 15- to 30-year terms for third-degree murder and conspiracy. Thomas Crook (19) sobbed and apologized to his family before receiving 14.5 years to 30 years on the same charges. Dawan Alexander (18) who was convicted of manslaughter for kicking Polec, received an eight- to 20-year term. Seventh defendant Kevin Convey (19) had pleaded guilty earlier to third-degree murder in exchange for testifying against the others. In February he had been sentenced to five to 20 years. In 2000 Bryn Freedman and William Knoedelseder authored "In Eddie’s Name: One Family’s Triumph Over Tragedy."
    (SFEC, 5/14/00, BR p.12)(www.cnn.com/US/9603/teen_sentencing/)
1994        Nov 11, A suicide bomber killed three soldiers at an Israeli military checkpoint in Gaza. [see Nov 12]
    (AP, 11/11/99)

1994        Nov 12, President Clinton arrived in the Philippines to open a campaign for free trade in Asia and to commemorate World War II Allied victories in the Pacific.
    (AP, 11/12/99)
1994        Nov 12, Wilma Rudolph, Olympic gold medalist in track and field, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 54.
    (AP, 11/12/99)
1994        Nov 12, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed three Israeli soldiers in Gaza Strip. The Islamic Jihad took responsibility. [see Nov 11]
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)

1994        Nov 13, President Clinton, visiting the Philippines, sought to assure world leaders that his party's severe losses in midterm elections wouldn't undercut his foreign policy.
    (AP, 11/13/99)
1994        Nov 13, A heavily armed gunman traded fire with San Francisco police, hitting two police officers, a paramedic and another person before being killed.
    (AP, 11/13/99)
1994        Nov 13, Sweden voted to join the European Union.
    (AP, 11/13/99)

1994        Nov 14, President Clinton, in Indonesia, met one-on-one with the leaders of China, Japan and South Korea, winning pledges to keep the pressure on North Korea to freeze its nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 11/14/99)
1994        Nov 14, U.S. experts visited North Korea's main nuclear complex for the first time under an accord aimed at opening such sites to outside inspections.
    (AP, 11/14/99)
1994        Nov 14, The 1st trains for public ran in Channel Tunnel under the English Channel.
1994        Nov 14, In the Czech Republic the TV station Nova began its first commercial broadcast in Eastern Europe with the film "Sophie’s Choice."
    (WSJ, 4/30/97, p.A1)
1994        Nov 14, Heavy rains and flooding from Tropical Storm Gordon swept across Haiti, killing several hundred people.
    (AP, 11/14/99)

1994        Nov 15, The US Federal Reserve increased key interest rates by 0.75%, the largest hike in 13 years.
    (AP, 11/15/99)
1994        Nov 15, Helmut Kohl was elected German chancellor (341-340 votes).
1994        Nov 15, The 18-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation group concluded a two-day summit in Indonesia by adopting a sweeping resolution to remove trade and investment barriers in the region by 2020.
    (AP, 11/15/99)

1994        Nov 16, The US government reported consumer prices rose 0.1 percent in October.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1994        Nov 16, A US federal judge issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the state of California from implementing most provisions of Proposition 187, the voter-approved measure that would deny most public services to illegal aliens.
    (AP, 11/16/99)
1994        Nov 16, The UN Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), ratified in 1993, took effect. Arvid Pardo (d.1999 at 85), Maltese delegate to the UN, proposed in 1967 that the bounty of the sea should be considered "the common heritage of mankind" and asked that some of the sea's wealth be used to bankroll a fund to help close the gap between rich and poor nations. The International Seabed Authority came into existence as the law took effect. The first Secretary-General of the Authority, Satya Nandan (Fiji) was elected in March 1996, and the Authority became fully operational as an autonomous international organization in June 1996, when it took over the premises and facilities in Kingston, Jamaica. The UN Law of the Sea treaty, which extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore, came into force one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it. As of 2015 it was still not ratified by the US.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2wsq9p)(SFC, 7/19/99, p.A22)(Econ, 10/31/15, p.42)

1994        Nov 17, The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Sunset Boulevard" opened at Minskoff Theater on Broadway with Glenn Close as faded movie star Norma Desmond. It ran for 977 performances.
    (AP, 11/17/99)
1994        Nov 17, Francisco Martin Duran, the Colorado man accused of an assault-rifle attack on the White House, was indicted on a new charge of trying to assassinate President Clinton.
    (AP, 11/17/99)
1994        Nov 17, Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds resigned.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)

1994        Nov 18, "Star Trek VII Generations," premiered.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1994        Nov 18, The Commerce Department reported that America's trade deficit worsened to $10.13 billion in September.
    (AP, 11/18/99)
1994        Nov 18, Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (b.1907), American jazz singer and bandleader, died in Hockessin, Del., at age 86.
    (AP, 11/18/99)
1994        Nov 18, Fifteen people were killed and more than 150 wounded when Palestinian police opened fire on rioting worshippers outside a mosque in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1994        Nov 19, The U.N. Security Council, anxious to stop Serb attacks on the "safe area" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia, authorized NATO to bomb rebel Serb forces striking from neighboring Croatia.
    (AP, 11/19/99)
1994        Nov 19, Julian Symons (b.1912)), British detective writer (Death's Darkest Face), died.

1994        Nov 20, The Angolan government under dos Santos and rebels under Savimbi signed a treaty in Zambia to end 19 years of war, even as fighting continued in their homeland.
    (AP, 11/20/99)(SFC, 4/5/02, p.A11)
1994        Nov 20. The most heavily mined country in the world was Afghanistan, with between 10 and 15 million deadly mines. In Angola, one third of the countryside was strewn with mines and the toll of nearly 25 people a day who were injured or killed by land mines has left 20,000 amputees. Cambodia’s 7 million mines amount to two for every single Cambodian child, and between 200 and 250 people became victims every month. In Somalia, the laying of mines rose to new heights of terror as civilian areas were deliberately targeted. Truck loads of mines were scattered in houses, wells, river-crossings, markets, and even cemeteries. Presently, the area being mined most heavily is the war zone of the former Yugoslavia, where 3 million mines have been laid in just a few years. The US State Dept. estimated that 25,000 people are killed or maimed each year by mines. About 1.5 to 2 million new mines go into the ground each year. There is a British Rapid Antipersonnel Minefield Breaching System (RAMBS) manufactured by Pains-Wessex Schermuly that is fired from a rifle and clears a path 60 meters long and one meter wide in less than a minute.
    (UNICEFF Mailer,11/94)(WSJ, 5/17/96,p.A-1)(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.A13)

1994        Nov 21, Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C., remarked in a newspaper interview that President Clinton "better have a bodyguard" if he were to visit North Carolina; Helms later called his comment a mistake.
    (AP, 11/21/99)
1994        Nov 21, NATO retaliated for repeated Serb attacks on a U.N. safe haven by bombing an airfield in a Serb-controlled section of Croatia.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1994        Nov 22, A gunman opened fire inside the District of Columbia's police headquarters; the ensuing gunbattle left two FBI agents, a city detective and the gunman dead.
    (AP, 11/22/99)
1994        Nov 22, Serb fighters in northwest Bosnia set villages ablaze in response to a retaliatory airstrike by NATO.
    (AP, 11/22/99)
1994        Nov 22, In Indonesia the Merapi volcano erupted. Pyroclastic flows and surges killed 43 people.
    (http://dogeatdogma.com/merapi.htm)(Reuters, 10/26/10)

1994        Nov 23, NATO warplanes blasted Serb missile batteries in two air raids while Bosnian Serb fighters, for the first time, broke into the U.N.-designated safe haven of Bihac.
    (AP, 11/23/99)
1994        Nov 23, A large cache of bomb-grade uranium was transferred from Kazakhstan to the United States.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1994        Nov 24, Rebel Serbs refused to withdraw from the U.N. designated safe area around Bihac and continued to advance on the city, despite recent NATO air strikes.
    (AP, 11/24/99)
1994        Nov 24, In Sri Lanka a Tiger suicide bomber killed opposition pres. candidate Gamini Disanayake and 51 others.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1994        Nov 25, NATO warplanes buzzed the besieged "safe haven" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia but did not carry out airstrikes against rebel Serbs.
    (AP, 11/25/99)
1994        Nov 25, Sony Corporation co-founder Akio Morita retired as chairman of the electronics giant for health reasons.
    (AP, 11/25/04)

1994        Nov 26, Margaret Garrish, a 72-year-old Detroit woman, committed suicide in the presence of Dr. Jack Kevorkian.
    (AP, 11/26/99)
1994        Nov 26, Thirty clergymen were elevated to the rank of cardinal in a Vatican ceremony presided over by Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 11/26/99)(www.usccb.org/pope/dates.htm)
1994        Nov 26, A major offensive by the Russian-backed opposition fails to wrest Grozny, the capital of Chechnya from its government.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

1994        Nov 28, Norwegian voters rejected European Union membership.
    (AP, 11/28/04)   
1994        Nov 28, Jeffrey Dahmer (b.May 21, 1960), a serial killer who sexually abused, tortured, and cannibalized murder victims during the 1980's, was clubbed to death in prison by a fellow inmate while cleaning a prison toilet at the Columbia Correctional Institute gymnasium in Portage, Wi. He was serving several life terms for the killing of 17 young men and boys over a 13-year rampage of necrophilia and dismemberment.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, A4)(AP, 11/28/97)
1994        Nov 28, Ronald "Buster" Edwards (b.1931), British Great Train Robber (1963), committed suicide by hanging in Lambeth, London.
1994        Nov 28, Calvin Fuller (92), chemist, died. In 1954 Bell scientists, Daryl Chapin and Calvin Fuller, refined Gerald Pearson's 1953 discovery and came up with the first solar cell capable of converting enough of the sun's energy into power to run everyday electrical equipment.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)(www.californiasolarcenter.org/history_pv.html)
1994        Nov 28, Jerry Rubin (56), US political activist, died after being hit by car. He was a leading anti-Vietnam War protester of the 1960s who later made headlines by his enthusiastic embrace of capitalism.
    (AP, 11/28/04)

1994        Nov 29, The US House passed, 288-146, the revised General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
    (AP, 11/29/99)
1994        Nov 29, Fighter jets attacked the capital of Chechnya and its airport hours after Russian President Boris Yeltsin demanded the breakaway republic end its civil war.
    (AP, 11/29/99)
1994        Nov 29, Seoul, Korea, celebrated the 600th anniversary of its founding.

1994         Nov 30, Rapper and actor Tupac Shakur (1971-1996) was shot five times during a robbery outside a New York recording studio. Two days later a jury found him guilty of sexually abusing a woman, but acquitted him of more serious sex and weapons charges.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupac_Shakur#September_1996_shooting)(AP, 11/30/04)
1994        Nov 30, Loanshark Sabato Lombardi was murdered during a card game in Brooklyn. Mario Fortunato of the famed Fortunato Brothers Bakery in Greenpoint was later convicted in federal and in state court for planning the murder. Both verdicts were overturned by appeals courts. In 2014 Fortunato won a $300,000 settlement in the NY state Court of Claims.
    (SFC, 12/31/14, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/n9hou6p)
1994        Nov 30, Two passengers died and nearly 1,000 others and crew members fled the cruise ship "Achille Lauro" after it caught fire off the coast of Somalia; the ship sank two days later. The Achille Lauro had gained notoriety in 1985 when it was hijacked by Palestinian extremists.
    (AP, 11/30/99)
1994        Nov 30, Guy Debord (b.1931), French political theorist and filmmaker, died. His books included “Society of the Spectacle" (1967).
1994        Nov 30, In Nepal Man Mohan Adhikari (1920-1999) succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala as prime minister. He represented the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and was the first democratically-elected Communist Party member to be PM in Nepal.   

1994        Nov, Jeffrey Seller and Kevin McCollum bought the commercial rights to the Broadway show "Rent" for $4,000. The composer of the show was Jonathon Larson who died just after the productions final dress rehearsal.
    (WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-1,7)
1994        Nov, The Clinton administration announced that it would stop enforcing the arms embargo despite European objections.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1994        Nov, Oregon voters passed a Death with Dignity Act. It allowed doctors to prescribe lethal drugs for terminally ill patients with less than 6 months to live. The law was upheld in 1997.
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.A4)
1994        Nov, Abkhazia declared independence from Georgia and set up its own government. No other country gave recognition. Residents of the area numbered about 200,000 and spoke their own language. Vladislav Ardzinba became president.
    (SSFC, 9/24/06, p.A20)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3261059.stm)
1994        Nov, The Bosnian forces were on the offensive on three fronts and were joined by the Croat militias.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1994        Nov, In France the Var River overflowed and washed away bridges and stretches of the Nice-Digne railroad track. Rail service was not restored until Apr 1996 at a cost of F50 Million (US$10 mil).
    (Hem., 1/97, p.116)
1994        Nov, In Gambia about two dozen military men were executed following a move against dictator Yahya Jammeh.
    (AFP, 4/18/19)
1994        Nov, In the tiny oil state of Tabasco, Mexico, the government party spent $38.8 million to win the elections. Roberto Madrazo won over leftist opponent Andres Lopez Obrador. The money spent was 38 times the legal spending limit and $37 million more than the campaign declared. The population of Tabasco is only 1.5 mil. Paul Karam, later identified as a money laundering suspect with links to banker Carlos Cabal Peniche contributed some 12.4 million pesos to the ruling party trust fund.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)
1994        Nov, The UN Security Council established an Int’l. Criminal Tribunal to prosecute those responsible for the Rwanda genocide. By 2004 18 people were convicted. In 2004 Sylvestre Gacumbitsi, a former Rwandan mayor, was convicted for his role in the slaughter and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A19)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.A3)

1994        Dec 1, The US Senate gave final congressional approval to a world trade agreement, passing the 124-nation General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 76-24.
    (AP, 12/1/99)
1994        Dec 1, Former TV evangelist Jim Bakker spent his first full day of freedom after time in prison, a halfway house and house arrest for bilking followers of his PTL ministry.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
1994        Dec 1, Mexican Pres. Carlos Salinas de Gortari left office. Within weeks speculators began to attack the overvalued peso.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1994        Dec 2, The US government agreed not to seek a recall of allegedly fire-prone General Motors pickup trucks. GM agreed to spend more than $51 million on safety and research.
    (AP, 12/2/99)
1994        Dec 2, Reputed "Hollywood Madam" Heidi Fleiss was convicted in Los Angeles of three counts of pandering.
    (AP, 12/2/99)

1994        Dec 3, Elizabeth Glaser, who became an AIDS activist after she and her two children were infected with HIV via a blood transfusion, died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 47.
    (AP, 12/3/99)
1994        Dec 3, Rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep a pledge to release hundreds of U.N. peacekeepers, some already held for more than a week.
    (AP, 12/3/99)
1994        Dec 3, Japan’s Sony Corp. launched its PlayStation game console.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A8)(Econ, 12/10/11, SR p.4)

1994        Dec 4, Bosnian Serbs released 53 of some 400 U.N. peacekeepers held as insurance against further NATO airstrikes.
    (AP, 12/4/99)

1994        Dec 5, President Clinton, on a whirlwind visit to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Budapest, Hungary, urged European leaders to "prevent future Bosnias." In the so-called Budapest memorandum Britain, Russia and the US affirmed their commitment to respect the independence, sovereignty and existing borders of Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/5/99)(AFP, 3/3/14)
1994        Dec 5, Newt Gingrich was elected the first Republican speaker of the US House in four decades.
    (AP, 12/5/97)
1994        Dec 5, The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I) went into effect and the United States and Russia began to consider ratification of START II.
1994        Dec 5, In India’s Bihar state a mob that pulled senior government official G. Krishnaiah out of his car and beat him unconscious before shooting him to death because the official's car had inadvertently crossed paths with the funeral procession of a noted underworld don and aspiring politician, Chottan Shukla. In 2007 Anand Mohan and two other politicians were sentenced to hang for their role in the attack. Four others, including Mohan's wife, Lovely Anand — also a former member of parliament — were sentenced to life in prison by the court in Patna, the capital of Bihar state.
    (AP, 10/4/07)(http://tinyurl.com/3yj99o)

1994        Dec 6, Former US Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell pleaded guilty to defrauding his former law partners and clients of nearly $400,000.
    (AP, 12/6/99)
1994        Dec 6, US Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen announced his resignation.
    (AP, 12/6/99)
1994        Dec 6, The Maltese Falcon film statuette was auctioned for $398,590.
    (MC, 12/6/01)
1994        Dec 6, Orange County, Calif., filed for bankruptcy protection due to investment losses of about $2 billion. Orange County, Ca., filed bankruptcy after losing nearly $1.7 billion on risky investments [derivatives]. In 1997 a former ass’t. treasurer, Matthew Raabe, was sentenced to 3 years in prison for diverting $88.5 million in public funds to conceal investment schemes that led to the nation’s biggest municipal bankruptcy.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, Z1 p.1)(SFC, 10/4/97, p.A7)(AP, 12/6/99)

1994        Dec 7, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, meeting with U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher in Gaza City, pledged to protect Israelis from militant extremists.
    (AP, 12/7/99)

1994        Dec 8, In Los Angeles, 12 alternate jurors were chosen for the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
    (AP, 12/8/99)
1994        Dec 8, In New Jersey Anna Mejia, a sister of Dolores Morgan, was found dead and partially clothed in a bedroom of a Long Branch apartment she shared with her boyfriend and two young children. Authorities later said she had been stabbed about 20 times. In 2020 Dolores Morgan (66) and her son Ted Connors (47), both of Delray Beach, Florida, were indicted for the Mejia's killing. Prosecutors alleged that Ted Connors carried out the murders with his best friend, Jose Carrero, who admitted to conspiring with the mother and son in the killing.
    (NBC News, 2/27/20)
1994        Dec 8, Bosnian Serbs released dozens of hostage peacekeepers, but continued to detain about 300 others.
    (AP, 12/8/99)
1994        Dec 8, Antonio Carlos Jobim (b.1927), Brazil-born composer (Girl From Ipanema), died in NYC.

1994        Dec 9, President Clinton fired Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders after learning she'd told a conference that masturbation should be discussed in school as a part of human sexuality.
    (AP, 12/9/99)
1994        Dec 9, It was recommended to buy global resource stocks such as Dutch Royal Petroleum, British Petroleum or South African Mining shares.
    (WSJ, 12/9/94, p.R-14)
1994        Dec 9, Representatives of the Irish Republican Army and the British government opened peace talks in Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 12/9/99)
1994        Dec 9-1994 Dec 11, Pres. Clinton presided over the first Summit of the Americas held in Miami. Topics included lower trade barriers and plans for a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.A12)(www.summit-americas.org/miamiplan.htm)

1994        Dec 10, Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin received the Nobel Peace Prize, pledging to pursue their mission of healing the anguished Middle East.
    (AP, 12/10/99)
1994        Dec 10, Advertising executive Thomas Mosser was killed by a mail bomb attributed to the Unabomber at his home in North Caldwell N.J.
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A16)(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)

1994        Dec 11, Leaders of 34 Western Hemisphere nations signed a free-trade declaration in Miami.
    (AP, 12/11/99)
1994        Dec 11, A Philippine Airlines flight from Manila to Tokyo was bombed. A Japanese passenger was killed and 10 people were injured. Later US prosecutors accused Ramzi Ahmed Yousef of placing the bomb and of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. Yousef denied placing the airline bomb because he was imprisoned at the time.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, A4)
1994        Dec 11, Thousands of Russian troops backed by armored columns and jets rolled into breakaway republic of Chechnya in a bid to restore Moscow's control over the region. Russia under Yeltsin sent in troops to put down the Chechnya rebellion but met strong resistance and suffered heavy casualties. There was no attempt by Pres. Yeltsin to legitimize the military action in parliament.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/26/96, p.B1)(SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A10) (AP, 12/11/99)

1994        Dec 12, IBM stopped shipments of personal computers with Intel's flawed Pentium chip, saying the processor's problems were worse than earlier believed.
    (AP, 12/12/99)
1994        Dec 12, The Brazilian Supreme Court acquitted former President Fernando Collor de Mello of the corruption charges that had forced him to resign in 1992.
    (AP, 12/12/99)

1994        Dec 13, An American Eagle commuter plane carrying 20 people crashed short of Raleigh-Durham International Airport in North Carolina, killing 15.
    (AP, 12/13/98)

1994        Dec 14, A US federal judge granted a preliminary injunction blocking almost all of Proposition 187's bans affecting illegal immigrants in California.
    (AP, 12/14/99)
1994        Dec 14, Bruce McNall, memorabilia dealer and former owner of the Los Angeles Kings hockey team, pleaded guilty to fraud and was sent away to prison. He served 4 of 6 years. In 2003 he and Michael D'Antonio authored "Fun While it Lasted."
    (WSJ, 7/11/03, p.W14)(www.sportsbooks.com/news/sports_betting/78666.html)
1994        Dec 14, Former Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus, died at age 84. His refusal to let nine black students into Little Rock's Central High School in 1957 forced President Eisenhower to send in federal troops.
    (AP, 12/14/99)
1994        Dec 14, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic asked former U.S. President Jimmy Carter to mediate a lasting peace in Bosnia.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1994        Dec 15, President Clinton, in a 12-minute prime-time address, presented a package of tax cuts for middle-income families raising children, and outlined deep reductions in government programs to help pay for them.
    (AP, 12/15/99)

1994        Dec 16, White House and Republicans traded barbs over whose tax plan was fairer to the middle class, a day after President Clinton presented a package of proposed tax cuts.
    (AP, 12/16/99)
1994        Dec 16, White House Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers announced she was leaving her job at the end of the year.
    (AP, 12/16/99)

1994        Dec 17, Six shots were fired at the White House by an unidentified gunman.
    (AP, 12/17/99)
1994         Dec 17, In Bahrain Hani al-Wasti (25) and Hani Khamees (26) were the first of more than 40 people killed in the political upheaval among the Shiites.
    (AP, 12/17/02)
1994        Dec 17, North Korea shot down a U.S. Army helicopter which had strayed north of the demilitarized zone -- the co-pilot, Chief Warrant Officer David Hilemon, was killed; the pilot, Chief Warrant Officer Bobby Hall, was captured and held for nearly two weeks.
    (AP, 12/17/99)

1994        Dec 18, Former U.S. president Jimmy Carter arrived in Bosnia-Herzegovina on a private mission to seek an end to 32 months of war.
    (AP, 12/18/99)
1994        Dec 18, Bulgaria’s Socialist Party (ex-communist) won a parliamentary election. Premier Zhan Videnov’s Socialist government won a parliamentary majority.
    (www.projects.v2.nl/~arns/Texts/Chrono/BG.html)(SFC, 6/6/96, p.C5)

1994        Dec 19, Former President Jimmy Carter, on a peace mission to Bosnia-Herzegovina, met with Bosnian Serb leaders, who offered a four-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 12/18/99)
1994        Dec 19, CNN publicly acknowledged it had disobeyed a judge's order in broadcasting former Panamanian military ruler Manuel Noriega's prison telephone conversations.
    (AP, 12/18/99)

1994        Dec 20, Former President Jimmy Carter succeeded in getting Bosnia's warring factions to agree to a temporary cease-fire.
    (AP, 12/20/99)
1994        Dec 20, Marcelino Corniel, a homeless man, was shot and mortally wounded by White House security officers as he brandished a knife near the executive mansion.
    (AP, 12/20/99)
1994        Dec 20, Intel announced it would replace all flawed Pentium computer chips.
    (AP, 12/20/04)
1994        Dec 20, Former Secretary of State Dean Rusk died in Athens, Ga., at age 85.
    (AP, 12/20/99)
1994        Dec 20, Mexico’s President Ernesto Zedillo announced a 13-15% devaluation of the peso. Over the next 4 months the peso fell 50% in the so-called “tequila crisis." Tighter monetary policy in the US and instability at home contributed to the country’s economic problems.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_peso_crisis)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.74)

1994        Dec 21, A firebomb on the #4 train at Fulton St. New York City subway injured 48 people. Unemployed computer programmer Edward Leary was later convicted of attempted murder and sentenced to 94 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/21/99)

1994        Dec 22, US House Democrats chastised Speaker-to-be Newt Gingrich for accepting a $4.5 million book advance from Rupert Murdoch's media empire.
    (AP, 12/22/99)
1994        Dec 22, North Korea handed over the body of American pilot David Hilemon, killed when his helicopter was shot down over the communist country three days earlier.
    (AP, 12/22/99)

1994        Dec 23, US Professional baseball owners imposed a salary cap fiercely opposed by players.
    (AP, 12/23/99)
1994        Dec 23, John Connolly, FBI agent, came to the Winter Hill gang’s headquarters in a Boston liquor store and warned Kevin Weeks of pending FBI arrests for mobsters James Bulger, Stephen Flemmi and Francis Salemme. Connolly was convicted for corruption in 2002 and sentenced to 121 months.
    (SFC, 5/29/02, p.A3)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A5)
1994        Dec 23, Bosnian Serbs and the Muslim-led government agreed to a week-long truce beginning the next day as they worked on details of a four-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 12/23/99)

1994        Dec 24, Armed Islamic fundamentalists hijacked an Air France Airbus A-300 carrying 227 passengers at the Algiers airport; three passengers were killed before the hijackers were killed by French commandos in Marseille two days later.
    (SFC, 9/27/97, p.A10)(AP, 12/24/99)
1994        Dec 24, John Osborne (b.1929), British playwright, died. His plays included “Look Back in Anger" (1956) and “Inadmissible Evidence" (1964). In 2007 John Heilpern authored “John Osborn: The Many Lives of the Angry Young Man." 
    (AP, 12/24/99)(WSJ, 1/26/06, p.W6)

1994        Dec 25, Pope John Paul II, in his traditional "Urbi et Orbi" message, bemoaned "selfishness and violence" around the world.
    (AP, 12/25/99)
1994        Dec 25, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up on a bus in Jerusalem and wounded 12 Israelis. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 12/25/99)

1994        Dec 26, French commandos stormed a hijacked Air France jetliner on the ground in Marseilles, killing four Algerian hijackers and freeing 170 hostages. The Air France plane was hijacked by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria Dec 24.
    (SFC, 9/27/97, p.A10)(AP, 12/26/99)

1994        Dec 27, Four Roman Catholic priests—three French and a Belgian—were shot to death in their rectory in Algiers, a day after French commandos killed four radicals who had hijacked an Air France jet from Algiers to Marseille.
    (AP, 12/27/00)

1994        Dec 28, President Clinton nominated Dan Glickman as agriculture secretary, succeeding Mike Espy.
    (AP, 12/28/99)
1994        Dec 28, CIA Director R. James Woolsey resigned, ending a tenure shadowed by the Aldrich Ames spy scandal.
    (AP, 12/28/99)

1994        Dec 29, U.S. officials confirmed the release in North Korea of Army helicopter pilot Bobby Hall, 12 days after he was captured in a shootdown in which co-pilot David Hilemon was killed. Due to the time difference, it was Dec. 30 in Korea when Hall crossed the demilitarized zone to freedom.
    (AP, 12/29/04)
1994        Dec 29, In East Turkey a B737-400 flew into a mountain at Edremit and 55 people were killed.

1994        Dec 30, US Army helicopter pilot Bobby Hall walked to freedom 13 days after he was captured by North Korea in a shootdown that claimed the life of co-pilot David Hilemon. [see Dec 29]
    (AP, 12/30/04)
1994        Dec 30, John Salvi opened fire at two abortion clinics in suburban Boston and killed 2 clinic receptionists, Lee Ann Nichols and Shannon Lowney. He was convicted on two accounts of first-degree murder in Mar, 1996. Salvi committed suicide in prison on Nov 29, 1996. His conviction was voided in 1997 because he died before his appeal was heard.
    (WSJ, 3/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A1,15)(SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A3)(AP, 12/30/99)

1994        Dec 31, John C. Salvi III, accused of killing two receptionists at two Boston-area abortion clinics on Dec 30, was arrested in Norfolk, Va. Salvi, later convicted of murder, committed suicide in prison.
    (AP, 12/31/04)
1994        Dec 31, Bosnian government officials and Bosnian Serb leaders signed a U.N.-brokered cease-fire agreement.
    (AP, 12/31/99)
1994        Dec 31, Russian ground forces launched a ferocious assault on the Chechen capital of Grozny.
    (AP, 12/31/99)

1994        Dec, In San Francisco the SantaCon tradition began as people dressed up as Santa Claus made donations and began bar hopping.
    (SSFC, 12/13/15, p.C1)
1994        Dec, In Menlo Park, Ca., Ernesto Anguiano, 23, cut open the chest of his 3-year old cousin and tore the boy’s heart out. He then attempted to burn the body in a fireplace and attempted to murder the 50-year-old mother when she found him and tried to stop him. Anguiano later testified that he thought the young boy was "becoming evil."
    (SFC, 9/26/96, p.A16)
1994        Dec, Sun Microsystems first gave out the source code for new software to a handful of outsiders under the name Oak, later renamed to JAVA.
    (SFEM, 12/8/96, p.44)
1994        Dec, Semiconductor leaders agreed to convert to a 12-inch wafer for chip production in Tokyo.
    (SFE, 10/1/95, p.D-5)

1994        Dec, Greek Archbishop Iakovos convened a meeting for the North American branches of Eastern Orthodoxy. It was recommended that all Orthodox churches in North America be placed under one administrative umbrella while maintaining ties to their separate mother churches.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.B7)
1994        Dec, In Japan Ichiro Ozawa helped form the new opposition Shinshinto, New Freedom Party, through an alliance of nine small parties opposed to the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, LDP.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A12)
1994        Dec, In Mexico new owners of Radio 13 in Mexico City switched to an all-talk format. By 1997 there were 7 AM stations on an all-talk format.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A14)
1994        Dec, In Nigeria Gideon Akaluka, a Christian Igbo trader, was arrested over allegedly defacing the Quran in Kano. Rioters broke into jail, beheaded him and carried his head around the city on a spike.
1994        Dec, In Russia Bulat Okudzhava (d.1997 at 74), dissident poet and singer, won the Russian Booker literary prize.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.C2)
1994        Dec, Russia under Yeltsin sent in troops to put down the Chechnya rebellion but met strong resistance and suffered heavy casualties. There was no attempt by Pres. Yeltsin to legitimize the military action in parliament.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/26/96, p.B1)(SFC, 5/13/97, p.A12)(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A10)
1994        Dec, A Russian presidential decree expropriated the property of Franz Sedelmayer, a German security expert, as part of a St. Petersburg residence for Boris Yeltsin. Sedelmayer  lost his business and some $3 million in assets. Sedelmayer fought for years to seize Russian assets in retaliation and in 2006 won a judgement in Germany for control of a $40 million Russian-owned apartment complex in Cologne.
    (WSJ, 3/6/06, p.A1)
1994         Dec, Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga was elected president of Sri Lanka on a platform of peace and reconciliation.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A12)

1994        Nelson Shanks, American painter, painted portraits of Princess Di and Lady Thatcher.
    (WSJ, 5/7/96, p.A-16)

1994        Jerome Witkins began his painting "Her Argument With Nature." It was completed in 1995 and was an allegory of ambivalence about procreation and hailed as one of the great American paintings of the decade.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.D4)

1994        Peter Ackerman, former investment banker, authored “Strategic Nonviolent Conflict." The book acquired new life after Ackerman collaborated on 2000 PBS documentary “A Force More Powerful." This led to his creation of the Washington, DC-based International Center on Non-Violent Conflict.
    (Econ, 8/4/07, p.51)(www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1385051/posts)

1994        Historian Stephen Ambrose authored "D-Day." The book became the basis for the film "Saving Private Ryan.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.F1)

1994        Robert H. Bates (1911-2007, mountaineer and former teacher at New Hampshire’s Phillips Exeter Academy (1939-1976), authored his autobiography “The Love of Mountains Is Best."
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A6)

1994        John Berendt published "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil," his personal impressions on the city of Savannah, Ga., which became a best-seller.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.T8)(SFEC, 3/15/98, p.T11)

1994        Louis de Bernieres authored "Corelli’s Mandolin." It sold 2.5 million copies and won the Granta Prize. In 2001 it was made into a film titled "Captain Corelli’s Mandolin" with Nicolas Cage and Penelope Cruz.
    (WSJ, 10/28/98, p.A20)(SFC, 8/17/01, p.C3)(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.M1)

1994        Christopher Berry authored “The Idea of Luxury."
    (Econ, 12/13/14, SR p.5)

1994        Harold Bloom published "The Western Canon," a defense of the great books that were under attack due to the current "political correctness."
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W8)

1994        Prof. Melvin Bradley (d.2203 at 83) authored his 2-volume "The Missouri Mule: His Origin and Times."
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.A16)

1994        Bill Bryson authored "Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States."
    (SFEM, 11/15/98, p.28)

1994        "Rhinestone Cowboy" by Glenn Campbell was published.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, E10)

1994        Bert Cardullo wrote "Film Chronicle: Critical Dispatches From a Forward Observer (1987-1992)."
    (MT, Fall ‘96, p.14)

1994        Caleb Carr authored his best seller “The Alienist."

1994        Prof. Scott M. Cutlip (d.2000 at 85) authored "The Unseen Power," a history of the public relations profession in America.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A19)

1994        Rosie Daley published "In the Kitchen with Rosie Daley," the highest selling nonfiction, hardback of the year.
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R12)

1994        John Denver (d.1997 at 53) wrote his autobiography "Take me Home."
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)

1994        J.P. Donleavy authored "The History of the Gingerbread Man," a memoir on the composition of his first novel.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, BR p.9)

1994        Neil Gabler wrote the biography "Winchell," an account of Walter Winchell, the New York Daily Mirror columnist. Rose Bigman (d.1997 at 87) was Winchell’s "girl Friday" and spent 7-days-a-week working for him for 3 decades.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A18)

1994        Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian novelist, had his work "Sophie’s World, A Novel About the History of Philosophy," published.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.3)

1994        Laurie Garrett authored "The Coming Plague".
    (Econ, 4/18/20, p.15)

1994        Tom Gehrels edited "Hazards Due to Comets and Asteroids."
    (NH, 9/97, p.86)

1994        John Grisham published "The Chamber," the highest selling fiction hardback of the year.
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R12)

1994        Paul R. Gross and Norman Leavitt wrote "Higher Superstition," an analysis of the growing antagonism to science by some left-wing intellectuals.
    (PacDis, Winter ’97, p.34)

1994        Sheldon Harris (d.2002) wrote "Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the American Cover-Up." It was about Japanese medical units in Manchuria that engaged in horrific warfare experiments on humans.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.C4)(SFC, 9/9/02, p.A22)

1994        Leonard Hayflick (b.1928) authored “How and Why We Age."

1994        Philip J. Haythornthwaite published his "Invincible Generals."
    (WSJ, 1/6/95, A-10)

1994        John Helyar wrote "Lords of the Realm," a book that traces baseball’s labor problems from their inception to the unsettled present. Together with "Creating the National Pastime: Baseball Transforms Itself, 1903-1953," by Edward White, the sport is fully covered.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)

1994        Paul Ingrassia and Joseph B. White authored "Comeback: The Fall and Rise of the American Automobile Industry."
    (Econ, 10/11/03, p.82)

1994        Anders Isaksson wrote "Always More, Never Enough," a critique of the welfare system in Sweden.
    (WSJ, 9/25/96, p.A1)

1994        Oleg Kalugin, the KGB’s former chief of counterintelligence, published his memoir: "The First Chief Directorate: My 32 Years in Intelligence and Espionage Against the West." Russia convicted Kalugin of treason in absentia in 2002.
    (WSJ, 11/21/96, p.B12)(SFC, 6/27/02, p.A14)

1994        Ormonde de Kay (d.1998 at 74) authored "From the Age That Is Past," a history of the Harvard Club of NYC.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A22)

1994        James Kelman won the Booker Prize for his novel "How Late It Was, How Late." He was the first Scot to be awarded the prize.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, p.C17)

1994        John Kerr authored “A Most Dangerous Method: The Story of Jung, Freud, and Sabina Spielrein." In 2011 it was turned into a film directed by David Cronenberg.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.102)

1994        Adam Kufeld, photographer, had his book "Cuba" published by Norton.
    (SFEM,11/16/97, p.28)

1994        Deborah Lipstadt authored "Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory."
    (SFC, 4/12/00, p.A16)

1994        Noel Malcolm published "Bosnia: A Short History."
    (WSJ, 5/5/98, p.A20)

1994        Robert T. Michael and others published the report "Sex in America: A Definitive Survey."
    (WSJ, 4/17/98, p.W13)

1994        James Michener wrote "Recessional."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1994        Craig Packer wrote "Into Africa." It won the 1995 John Burroughs Medal Award for nature writing.
    (NH, 6/96, p.4)

1994        "The Great German Rieslings" by Stuart Pigott was published.
    (WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A1,4)

1994        Steven Pinker published "The Language Instinct." In 1999 he published "Words and Rules."
    (WSJ, 10/2/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A24)

1994        Jim Collins and Jerry Porras authored “Built to Last." They described 18 companies whose shares had consistently outperformed stockmarket indices over decades. A follow-up study five years later discovered that only eight of them had continued to outperform the market.
    (Econ, 11/22/14, p.64)

1994        C.K. Prahalad and Gary Hamel authored “Competing for the Future." It was later regarded as perhaps the best business book of the 1990s
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.54)

1994        Richard Preston wrote "The Hot Zone," a bestseller book about the deadly Ebola virus.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, BR p.3)

1994        "The Rivals" by Arthur J. Quinn was published. It narrated the struggles in SF and California on the eve of the Civil War.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A20)

1994        "A New World: An Epic of Colonial America from the Founding of Jamestown to the Fall of Quebec" by Arthur J. Quinn (d.1997) was published.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A20)

1994        Frank Ragano (d.1998 at 75), a lawyer who represented many Mafia figures, published "Mob Lawyer." It was co-written with Selwyn Raab of the New York Times.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A21)

1994        David Remick won a Pulitzer Prize for his work "Lenin’s Tomb."
(SFEC, 11/15/98, BR p.3)

1994        "My Life" by Burt Reynolds was published.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, E10)

1994        R.J. Rummel wrote "Death by Government."
    (WSJ, 12/31/96, p.5)(www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NOTE1.HTM)

1994        "Cambodian Culture Since 1975: Homeland and Exile," by Sam-Ang Sam was published. It included information on Cambodian music.
    (NH, 9/97, p.75)

1994        Dr. Laura Schlessinger, radio show host and physiologist, published "Ten Stupid Things Women Do to Mess Up Their Lives."
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, Z1 p.3)

1994        "Greatness: Who Makes History and Why" by Dean Keith Simonton was published.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, PM p.4)

1994        Pavel Sudoplatov, Russian spy, wrote "Special Tasks: The memoirs of an Unwanted Witness - A Soviet Spymaster." He asserted in the book that during the development of the atomic bomb lead US scientists passed secrets to Soviet agents to help the USSR defeat Hitler and spread nuclear knowledge to promote world peace. He said Oppenheimer, Bohr, Fermi and Szilard had helped pass secrets.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A21)

1994        Bob Woodward authored "The Agenda," an examination of the Clinton administration.
    (SFC, 4/20/04, p.A1)

1994        Allen M. Young wrote "The Chocolate Tree," a comprehensive book on cacao.
    (NH, 5/97, p.54)

1994        Don Novello, aka Guido Sardducci—“Vatican correspondent," wrote the book, lyrics and musical ideas for "Full Moon Over Tutti," a children’s musical.
    (SFC, 9/2/97, p.E1)

1994        The ballet "Mango" by Fredric Myrow (e.1998 at 59) premiered at the Los Angeles John Anson Ford theater. It was choreographed by Naomi Goldberg.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A21)

1994        Mark Morris choreographed the dance piece "Lucky Charms," set to Jacques Ibert’s "Divertissement."
    (SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.11)

1994        Stephen Sondheim wrote the score for "Passion."
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1)

1994        Gross film revenues for the year were $5,396 million with 1,291 million admissions and average ticket price of  $4.18.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(SFC, 7/12/96, p.D11)

1994        The TV documentary "Baseball" was made by Ken Burns.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.T4)

1994        The opera "The Dangerous Liaisons" by Conrad Susa and Philip Littell was made. It was based on the Pierre Choderlos de Laclos 1782 novel "Les Liaison Dangereuses."
    (WSJ, 3/25/98, p.A20)

1994        Ron Carter, bass player, recorded his album "Ron Carter Meets Bach".
    (WSJ, 2/26/97, p.A16)

1994        Toshiko Akiyoshi, jazz pianist and composer, recorded solo "Live at Maybeck Hall."
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.16)

1994        "Blood on the Fields," a 3-hr oratorio about slavery composed by Wynton Marsalis, premiered. A recording was released in 1995 and in 1997 it won a Pulitzer Prize, after some changes in order to qualify.
    (WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A21)

1994        Joni Mitchell released her CD "Turbulent Indigo."
    (SFEM, 11/1/98, p.6)

1994        Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock reunited to record the Grammy winning album "A Tribute to Miles."
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1994        The Dave Matthews Band made its major-label debut with "Under the Table and Dreaming," which sold more than 3 million copies.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, DB p.38)

1994        KKHI, San Francisco’s classical music station, went off the air.
    (SFC, 4/16/08, p.B11)

1994        Yanni, the Greek showman of New Age music, produced his album and show: "Yanni: Live at the Acropolis." It sold more than 7 million copies.
    (WSJ, 3/20/97, p.B1)

1994        US Prof. Stanton L. Catlin (d.1997 at 82) shared a Grammy Award for the book "Mexico: Its Culture Life in Music and Art," that was accompanied by a Columbia Records Legacy Collection on Mexican music. He helped the Mexican national university compile a record of Mexican murals.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A21)

1994        In Cactus Springs, Nv., a small shrine to the Egyptian goddess Sekhmet was built. It was cared for by Patricia Pearlman, a Crone Witch from New Jersey.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A3)

1994        Scott Thompson, aka Carrot Top, was named the Stand-up Comedian of the Year.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, DB p.51)

1994        Nauticus, the National Maritime Center in Norfolk, Virginia opened.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.84)

1994        The Andy Warhol Museum opened in Pittsburgh.
    (SFEC, 8/13/00, p.T11)

1994        In SF Carol Queen and Robert Lawrence founded the Center for Sex and Culture, www.sexandculture.org. In 2004 they acquired office space at 11th and Harrison.
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.E1)

1994        Dr. William Howell Masters and Virginia Johnson Masters (Masters and Johnson) closed their sex research institute in St. Louis. The couple had divorced in 1992 after 35 years together.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, Par p.2)

1994        Jay Bakker, son of jailed evangelist Jim and his wife Tammy Faye Bakker, co-founded his own liberal ministry called “Revolution." By 2007 the church had expanded to include ministries in Georgia, New York, and North Carolina.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.29)

1994        George Weigel, a conservative American Catholic, co-signed a document called “Evangelicals & Catholics Together." It called for a joint struggle against abortion and euthanasia and in favor of the traditional family. In 2013 Weigel authored “To the Ends of the Earth: Pentecostalism and the Transformation of World Christianity."
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.81)

1994        The League of the South, a neo-Confederate organization first known as the Southern League, was founded by J. Michael Hill and a group of 40 other people.
    (www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?aid=250)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.27)

1994        Steven Spielberg helped establish the Righteous Persons Foundation. In 2008 $1 million from the foundation was given toward establishing a new Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.E15)

1994        Victoria’s Secrets introduced the Miracle Bra, a bottom padded push up bra designed by Linda Wachner of Warnaco.
    (WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A1)
1994        The Wonderbra was launched in America. The Wonderbra name was first trademarked in the US in 1935 Sara Lee Corporation redesigned the push-up style for the reintroduction of the Wonderbra to the US market.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.38)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonderbra)

1994        Painter Dorothea Tanning established the Tanning Prize for poetry with a $2 million endowment. The first winner was W.S. Merwin.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.E3)

1994        Jerome H. Lemelson, inventor, and his wife Dorothy established the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize for innovation that strengthens the economy.
    (WSJ, 4/12/96, p.B-5)

1994        Arthur Fleming (1905-1996) was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor. He had served as Sec. of Health, Education and Welfare (1958-19610, head of the US Commission on Aging (1973-1978) and chaired the US Commission on Civil Rights (1974-1982).
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A26)

1994        The Carolina Panthers and Jacksonville Jaguars, expansion football teams, began playing. They benefited from a newly established salary cap.
    (WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A1)(www.panthers.com/team/history.jsp)

1994        Feminist poet Adrienne Rich won the $374,000 MacArthur Foundation "genius" award.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)

1994        John Forbes Nash Jr. (66) won the Nobel Prize for Economic Science based on his work in game theory which proved that there is always one set of strategies in which no player can improve his situation by switching to a different strategy. Nash spent many years debilitated by paranoid schizophrenia. In 1998 Sylvia Nasar published Nash’s biography: "A Beautiful Mind." In 2001 a film opened based on the book.
    (WSJ, 6/19/98, p.W9)(NW, 1/14/02, p.68)

1994        Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell of the US won the Nobel Prize in medicine for their discovery of G-proteins and how cells confuse messages and foster diseases.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)

1994        Andre Weil (d.1998 at 92), mathematician, won the Kyoto Prize in Basic Science from the Inamori Foundation of Kyoto, Japan. His Weil conjectures provided the principles for modern algebraic geometry.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.C4)

1994        US Pres. Clinton assigned Richard Holbrooke, ambassador in Germany, to be in charge of European Affairs at the State Dept. This meant that he was to handle affairs concerning Bosnia.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.9)

1994        Pres. Clinton signed the General Aviation Revitalization Act, which gave aircraft manufacturers broad immunity from liability suits. Cessna resumed production of single-engine planes, which had stopped in 1983.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)

1994        The United States allowed the PLO to open a mission in Washington, a move that required Pres. Bill Clinton to waive a law that said the Palestinians couldn't have an office.
    (AP, 9/10/18)

1994        Webster L. Hubbell, a player in the Whitewater-Madison land deal with Pres. Clinton, resigned from the Justice Dept. and launched a private consulting practice in Washington. He received substantial aide from important public and private figures. He had been appointed by Bill Clinton as chief justice of Arkansas when Clinton was governor. He was later sentenced to prison for bilking his partners in the Little Rock law firm where he worked with Hillary Clinton. Ind. Council Kenneth Starr asserted that Hubbell accepted thousands of dollars in bogus consulting fees, and that the payments were hush money to keep him talking about financial deals in Arkansas.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A3)

1994        The US Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Pres. Bill Clinton could be sued by Arkansas state employee Paula Jones for allegedly harassing her while he was governor. A federal judge later dismissed the suit.
    (SFC, 11/12/16, p.A1)

1994        The US government first used simultaneous multiple round action (SMRA) to raise $617 million for its distribution of radio spectrum rights. The format was developed by Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson, both of Stanford University, and economist Preston McAfee.
    (Econ., 10/17/20, p.66)

1994        Congress passed the Desert Protection Bill and Joshua Tree National Monument gained an additional 234,000 acres and was granted national park status. Pres. Clinton signed the act which preserved much of the Mohave as wilderness and added to Death Valley National Park. In 1999 Francis Millspaugh Wheat (d.2000 at 79) authored "California Desert Miracle," which chronicled the 27-year fight to preserve the Mohave Desert.
    (Sp., 5/96, p.127)(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A21)

1994        The California Desert Protection Act set aside 7 million acres of wilderness, mostly in the Mojave Desert.
    (SFC, 10/17/98, p.A17)

1994        The US Congress passed a law barring the use of taxpayer money for international expositions.
    (WSJ, 4/25/00, p.A24)

1994        The US Riegle-Neal act allowed banks to branch out across state borders.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, Survey p.8)

1994        The US Congress marked Jan 19, Martin Luther King Day, as a national day of service.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A3)

1994        WritersCorps began as an AmeriCorps program, thus the name, in San Francisco, the Bronx, and DC.
    (SFC, 10/20/10, p.C2)(http://tinyurl.com/256lvpv)

1994        Arizona toughened its insanity defense law by replacing the plea phrase “not guilty by reason of insanity" to “guilty except insane."
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A7)

1994        Mike Huckabee was elected as lieutenant governor of Arkansas.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.33)

1994        The 1990 theft of art work from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston led Sen. Edward Kennedy to sponsor the museum theft provision of the 1994 Omnibus Crime Act.
    (WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A8)

1994        The US federal Driver's Privacy Protection Act forbade states to sell the addresses, phone numbers and other motorist information collected for driver licenses.
    (SFC, 11/11/99, p.A7)

1994        Trieu Viet Le and 5 other men staged an armed robbery for microchips of the Cyrix Corp. in Richardson, Texas. Le was indicted in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A20)

1994        The Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy contracted with the US Energy Dept. to improve security at nuclear facilities. $10 mil was allocated the first year, but by 1998 the Americans spent $150 million and the total was expected to reach $1 billion by completion in 2002.
    (SFC, 5/28/98, p.A5)

1994        US Congress banned assault weapons and prohibited the importation of AK-47s. The TEC-DC9, made by Navegar, was changed and renamed the AB-10.
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A17)(SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A11)

1994        The US "nanny tax" was simplified on the 1040 income tax form and required reporting wages of household employees in excess of $1,100.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A3)

1994        In Arkansas Jolanda Jones (26) was killed. In 2019 Samuel Little confessed to her murder. Investigators linked Little (79) to more than 60 killings in at least 14 states dating back decades. Little was serving life sentences in California and has said he killed 93 women as he crisscrossed the country.
    (AP, 7/15/19)

1994        Former singer Sonny Bono was elected to US Congress as a Republican from Palm Springs, where he served as mayor from 1988-1992.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)
1994        US District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel ruled that death by gas in San Quentin’s death chamber was inhumane. An appeals court in 1998 gave prisoners the option of lethal injection or gas.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.A17)
1994        California prohibited smoking in enclosed workplaces.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1994        The California State Water Resources Board ordered that diversions from Mono Lake be reduced.
    (PacDis, Summer ’97, p.39)
1994        California adopted legislation that exempted churches from landmark regulations and allowed them to do what they wanted with their buildings.
    (SFC, 5/5/05, p.B1)
1994        The California Dept. of Motor Vehicles scrapped a $50 million computer system that was slower than the one being replaced.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, Z1 p.6)
1994        Rena Weeks won a $3.5 million sexual harassment suit against the world’s largest law firm, Baker & McKenzie, of Palo Alto, Ca. She had worked there for 3 months in 1991.
    (SFC, 8/27/98, p.C16)
1994        Univ. of California Regents voted to limit paid administrative leave for senior managers to a maximum of 3 months. In 2005 it was reported that 3 senior managers had received paid furloughs of 12-15 months.
    (SFC, 12/23/05, p.A1)
1994        The Bay Delta Accord was signed. It promised to save the SF Bay and the delta of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers through cooperation and compromise rather than litigation and political arm twisting.
    (SFC, 6/25/99, p.A1)
1994        In Los Angeles the new $14 million downtown Pershing Square was opened.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A6)
1994        The first annual Napa Valley Mustard Festival was held.
    (SFEC, 1/24/99, DB p.20)

1994        Georgia state legislators adopted a law banning people from publicly advertising suicide.
    (SFC, 2/7/12, p.A9)

1994        A federal jury in Hawaii awarded 9,539 victims and heirs $1.2 billion in "exemplary damages" against the estate of former Philippine Pres. Ferdinand Marcos. In 1995 the same jury awarded the plaintiffs $766 million for injury compensation. In 1996 an appeals court in San Francisco upheld the verdict. In 1999 a $150 million settlement was reached with the funds to come from Marcos funds in Swiss banks.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C4)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A12)

1994        Lt. Gen’l. Panjaitan of Indonesia was ordered by a US District court in Boston to pay $14 million in damages to the mother of a 20-year-old New Zealand man who was among those killed in the Nov 1991 massacre in Dili, East Timor. Panjaitan was in Boston for studies but never appeared in court.
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.B7)

1994        Kansas introduced the death penalty.
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A3)

1994        Virginia passed legislation to abolish parole and extend prison time for violent criminals effective as of Jan 1, 1995.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.40)(www.hoover.org/publications/policyreview/3566617.html)

1994        The Winnebago nation gave Lance Morgan $9.7 million from its Iowa casino to start a new venture. Morgan formed Nebraska-based Ho-Chunk Inc.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.71)

1994        In Hudson, New Hampshire, a raid on an armored car left 2 men dead. Five men were caught after an 18 month search and in 1997 were convicted of 55 crimes in 4 states.
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.A3)

1994        The gas chamber was last used in North Carolina.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A2)

1994        The US federal government tried to seize over $500,000 from the operators of illegal bingo games in Tennessee. A federal appeals court ruled that the seizure was too late because government agents had known about the law-breaking more than 5 years earlier.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, p.C5)
1994        Tennessee, facing a $250 million deficit in Medicaid administration, gave several managed-care organizations the job of administering the program, TennCare. By the end of 2004 costs rose to $8 billion.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.33)

1994        Alcoa provided its extra strong "C405" alloy, pioneered for use in the Boeing 777 airplane, to the baseball industry for bat manufacture.
    (WSJ, 4/30/96, p.A-1)

1994        American Express spun off Lehman Brothers, which it had acquired in 1984.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, SR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lehman_Brothers)

1994        Pop singer Gladys Knight became a spokesperson for Aunt Jemima Lite syrup.

1994        Gordon Bethune took over as CEO of Continental Airlines. He turned the company around with a policy of rewarding workers. In 1998 Scott Huler published "From Worst to First," the story of the turnaround.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A20)

1994        John Bowes (1928-2005), SF businessman, and John Rosekrans sold the assets of their Kransco Group Cos. to Mattel and netted over $350 million. Kransco had acquired Wham-O and popularized such toys as Frisbee, Slip’N-Slide, and hula hoop.
    (SFC, 10/28/05, p.B7)

1994        A private consortium led by Bain Capital bought Baxter International's diagnostics division and Dade Medical Supply Products to form Dade International. In 1999 Bain extracted $242 million from the firm, in which it had invested $30 million. In 2002 Dade Behring reorganized under Chapter 11 and became a public company, Dade Behring Corporation.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dade_Behring)

1994        Del Monte entered into an ill-fated agreement to sell the company for $1 billion to an investment group led by Mexican banker Carlos Cabal Peniche, who was later charged with fraud by the Mexican government.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.B1)

1994        DuPont quit the production of Freon.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R46)

1994        Houston based Enron Development Corp. was called in to help develop the Bolivian side of the Bolivia-Brazil natural gas pipeline.
    (WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A8)

1994        Hallmark Entertainment, a unit of Hallmark Cards Inc., acquired the TV production business of Robert Halmi, a Hungarian born TV producer.
    (WSJ, 5/21/99, p.A1)

1994        Hearst opened the Hearst New Media Center in NYC to orient employees and create digital products and services. Hearst also acquired Associated Publ. Co., a publisher of "yellow pages" directories in Texas.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1994        Thomas Kinkade, the "Painter of Light," took his company, Media Arts Group, public.
    (NW, 5/13/02, p.48)

1994        McDonald’s opened its first Egypt restaurant in Cairo. The company also passed the 99 billion burger mark this year.
    (WSJ, 4/10/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/13/98, p.B1)

1994        Merck Corp. selected Ray Gilmartin of Becton Dickinson to succeed P. Roy. Vagelos.
    (WSJ, 10/30/03, p.B1)

1994        Jeff Taylor founded Monster.com, an online job-search site.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.66)

1994        PacTel Corp., a cellular spin-off from Pacific Telesis, changed its name to AirTouch.
    (Wired, 6/97, p.97)

1994        Quintiles, a medical contract research organization, went public. It was founded by Prof. Dennis Gillings of the Univ. of North Carolina.
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A2)

1994        Wal-Mart acquired 122 Woolco stores in Canada.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.37)
1994        Wal-Mart stopped selling handguns in its stores after being sued by the family of a man who was shot in a Texas courthouse by an assailant who had allegedly bought the gun a Wal-Mart.
    (SFC, 9/10/96, p.A3)

1994        The Big Three auto makers netted a combined $13.92 billion on record revenues of $335.6 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1994        In America 80 million prescriptions were written for drugs that act as calcium channel blockers (CCBs). They were used to treat high blood pressure, angina, cardiac arrhythmias and migraine headaches.
    (WSJ, 8/2/96, p.A12)

1994        Polly C.E. Matzinger, immunologist, began challenging the self/nonself concept of immune activation and proposed the "danger" theory where the immune system lies quietly on guard until it receives a signal that tissues somewhere in the body are dying unnatural deaths.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.B-5)

1994        The breast cancer gene, BRCA1, was discovered. Its presence boosted the likelihood of developing the disease to 87%.
    (SFC, 6/26/96, p.A7)

1994        Researcher Janet Daling and a team at Seattle’s Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center found a 50% increase in the risk of breast cancer for women who’s had abortions.
    (WSJ, 2/28/97, p.A12)

1994        At the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota the 1st successful heart-lung transplant was performed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)(www.mayoclinic.org/patientinfo/)

1994        Scientists at the Univ. of Washington discovered that the drug, tenofovir, protected monkeys from getting infected with AIDS.
    (WSJ, 5/18/06, p.A1)

1994        Richard Lipton, Princeton computer scientist, published a paper on molecular computing titled: "Speeding to Computation via Molecular Biology."
    (Wired, 8/95, p.166)

1994        John McAfee, founder of the anti-viral firm McAfee Associates, sold his stake for over $100 million. Network Associates after 7 years renamed itself to McAfee Inc.
    (WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McAfee)
1994        Tribal Voice was founded by the software millionaire John McAfee, founder of McAfee Associates. On its website, the company described itself initially as a 'Native American' company run by Native Americans. As the company grew, the Native American references gradually disappeared. In 1999 McAfee sold his stake for $17 million.
    (WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McAfee)
1994        Vincent Connare designed the Comic Sans typeface while working for Microsoft, which included it in the Miscosoft Windows operating system.
    (WSJ, 4/16/09, p.A10)

1994        Marvin Minsky wrote in a Scientific American article that: "In the end we will find ways to replace every part of the body and brain and thus repair all the defects and injuries that make our lives so brief."
    (Hem., 2/96, p.95)

1994        Sky Dayton founded EarthLink, an Internet access provider.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, TQ p.13)

1994        Lou Montulli, computer programmer at Netscape, invented "cookies" to help enable purchasing products from a Web site.
    (WSJ, 2/28/00, p.B1)

1994        Scientists discovered the special light effect they called an elf that is created in the ionosphere by an electromagnetic pulse created above a thunderstorm that makes nitrogen molecules glow momentarily red.
    (SFC, 12/16/96, p.B1)

1994        The Timex Datalink watch was introduced. It was the first watch capable of wirelessly downloading information from a computer.
    (Econ., 3/28/15, p.24)

1994        Rudolph L. Leibel and Jeffrey M. Friedman announced that they had identified and sequenced the gene for the hormone leptin, which is produced by fat cells.
    (NH, 2/05, p.35)

1994        Fresh water fish from Japan, known as Medaka, became the first vertebrate creatures to successfully mate in space.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.A12)

1994        The Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG) was recognized by astronomers as a galaxy flying through the Milky Way.
    (SFC, 2/14/98, p.A2)

1994        Judith Rodin (b.1944) began serving as president of the Univ. of Pennsylvania. She served until 2004 and in 2005 became president of the Rockefeller Foundation.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judith_Rodin)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.68)

1994        Yale Univ. lost a $20 million Bass grant, given in 1991, when alumnus Lee Bass took back the money after he saw no effort on the part of the Univ. to set up a Western Civilization studies program under Prof. Donald Kagan. The governing board of the Univ. ordered a review of the affair that was completed in a year. The Cabranes-Schacht report was never made public.
    (WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A14)

1994        Nearly 1.2 million American marriages were dissolved by the courts, triple the 1960 figure.   
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A2)

1994        The educational Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) was launched in Houston, Texas. Its main motto was “Work Hard. Be Nice."
    (Econ, 7/11/09, SR p.6)(www.kipp.org/01/)
1994        Texas executed 14 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1994        The nuclear power plant at Shoreham, NY, begun in 1973, was decommissioned without ever providing commercial service. It was completed and tested but never allowed to start due to local opposition. Most of the $6 billion in costs were passed to customers of the local utility.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.71)

1994        In the US New Orleans was the murder capital with 425 homicides.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, Zone 1 p.1)

1994        In this year US consumers spent about the same amount on PCs as on TVs (US$8.07 billion on PCs vs. $8.4 billion on TVs).
    (Wired, 8/95, p.178)

1994        The SF Chronicle newspaper began its SFGate site on the Internet.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W3)
1994        Metrolink, the regional rail system that served LA, Riverside, San Bernadino and Orange Counties, began.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W3)
1994        Dan Wheeler and a group of investors bought Lost Isle in California’s Sacramento Delta. The island had a tradition for wild parties that went back to 1948.
    (SFC, 6/11/99, p.A17)
1994        Tosco took over all the BP service stations in Northern California.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A19)
1994        In northern California a treatment plant was built near Iron Mountain by Rhone Poulenc under orders by the EPA to remove up to 80% of the copper, zinc, cadmium and acids in runoff water.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1994        Africanized honeybees, also called killer bees, were first detected in California.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A15)
1994        The mitten crab was first discovered in the San Francisco Bay.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.6)
1994        Mealybugs were first discovered in California vineyards and by 2007 30-40 thousand acres were infested. In 2007 experiments were begun were begun with dogs trained to sniff out female mealybugs in heat.
    (WSJ, 6/14/07, p.A1)
1994        Pike were discovered in Lake Davis (b.1964) in Plumas County, Ca. Over the next 10 years some $15 million was spent in attempts to eradicate the fish.
    (SFCM, 7/11/04, p.10)
1994        Sudden oak disease was first reported in California. The specific pathogen responsible was identified in 2000 as the Phytophthora ramorum microbe. Experts believed that it arrived in the state via the nursery trade. By 2008 it was the world’s most quarantined plant pathogen.
    (SFC, 4/17/08, p.A1)
1994        California State Water Resources Board ordered that diversions from Mono Lake be reduced. The Los Angeles Water Dept. stopped diverting water from Mono Lake on an order from the California Water Resources Control board. The lake was down 40 feet from 1940 when diversion began.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.52)(PacDis, Summer ’97, p.39)
1994        Shooters at Lake Merced’s Pacific Rod and Gun Club in SF, Ca., stopped using lead shot and switched to biodegradable targets following a 1993 environmental study. During the 1980s some 128 tons of lead were removed from the site. In 2005 lead contamination was reported to be 10 times higher than the 1993 study and efforts to raise the water level were put on hold. Clean-up costs at Lake Merced were later estimated at over $10.5 million.
    (SFC, 2/4/05, p.B1)(SFC, 7/17/12, p.C2)
1994        The Chinese Golden Hills Memorial Park cemetery was established in Colma, Ca.
1994        The California-based Save the Redwoods League acquired 700 acres on Big Sur Coast, which became Limekiln State Park.
1994        A California Air National Guard Learjet plowed into a Fresno, Calif., apartment complex. The 2-member crew was killed and 18 were injured on the ground.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A11)

1994        In Chicago two boys aged 10 and 11 dropped 5-year-old Eric Morse 14 floors to his death in a housing project after he refused to steal candy for them.
    (SFC, 8/12/98, p.A3)

1994        John Salvi shot and killed two receptionists at abortion clinics in Boston. He was convicted on two accounts of first-degree murder in Mar. 1996.
    (WSJ, 3/19/96, p.A-1)

1994        A collision between a jet fighter and a troop transport killed 24 soldiers at Pope Air Force Base, NC.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A3)

1994        In Ohio Najeh Ottallah pleading guilty in a $3.2 million food stamp fraud case and then fled to Israel. In 2016 Ottallah (54) arrested in Israel and returned to Ohio.
    (AP, 6/21/16)

1994        Jeff Bezos quit his job on Wall Street, flew to Fort Worth, Texas, and then drove with his wife to the Pacific Northwest. He sketched out a plan to set up a catalogue retailing business and after a year his company, Amazon, sold its first book.
    (Econ, 6/21/14, p.23)
1994        The Tyee Fire in Washington state burned 130,000 acres.
    (WSJ, 8/6/01, p.A11)

1994        The first useful quantum algorithm was discovered at Bell Labs.
    (Econ., 9/26/20, p.18)

1994        Lindsay Anderson, British theater and film director, died. In 2000 his friend Gavin Lambert authored "Mainly About Lindsay Anderson."
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, BR p.6)

1994        David “Moses" Berg, founder of the late 1960s evangelical sex cult called Children of God, died. In 2005 the movement lived on as “The Family."
    (SFC, 1/11/05, p.B8)

1994        Isobel English (June Braybrooke), British writer, died. She was born in 1920 as June Jolliffe and published just 4 books in her lifetime including “Every Eye" (1956).
    (WSJ, 7/8/06, p.P8)

1994        Ken Cory, California jewelry designer, died.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, DB p.27)

1994        Edward J. DeBartolo Sr., shopping mall magnate, died. Edward Jr. and his sister Denise DeBartolo York took over key executive positions in the family holdings.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A15)

1994        Ralph Ellison, author of the classic novel "Invisible Man," died.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, BR p.2)

1994        Erik Erikson, psychologist, died. He and his wife Joan (d.1997) developed the theory that one’s sense of identity progresses through 8 distinct life cycles marked by the resolution of successive emotional conflicts. Joan developed a 9th stage described in her book "Life Cycle Completed."
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A19)

1994        M.F.K. Fisher, food writer, died in Glen Ellen, Ca. Her books included "As They Were" (1982), "Dubious Honors" (1988), and "Long  Ago in France" (1991). Her books were reprinted by North Point Press publisher Jack Shoemaker. In 1997 Shoemaker’s new press, Counter Point, published "A Welcoming Life: The M.F.K. Fisher Scrapbook."
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D5)

1994        Ed Kienholz, LA-Idaho-Berlin-based anarchist artist, died. Comments on his work range from "salutary statements about the morally diseased condition of the US and the democratic-capitalistic West" to "simplistic socio-political cartooning.
    (WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)

1994        Carmen McRae, Jazz vocalist, died at the age of 74. Says Dick Katz in liner notes  to a collection of the young McRae: "Carmen has musical ears so good she could hear paint dry."
    (WSJ, 9/27/95, p.A-16)

1994        Dick O’Kane, WW II submarine skipper, died at age 83. In 2001 William Tuohy authored "The Bravest Man," a biography of O’Kane.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A7)   

1994        Raymond Scott, composer born as Harry Warnow in Brooklyn, died. He mixed jazz, classical and klezmer sounds as backdrop for cartoons in the 1930s. In 1991 the compilation CD "The Music of Raymond Scott: Reckless Nights and Turkish Twilights" was produced.
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.E3)

1994        Joey Stefano, a gay porn star, died of a drug overdose at age 26. In 2000 the film "Homme Fatale: The Joey Stefano Story" was directed by Hodgson.
    (SFC, 3/29/00, p.E3)

1994        In Albania former president Ramiz Alia, successor of Stalinist dictator Enver Hoxha, was sentenced to 9 years in prison for abuse of power. He was later freed on amnesty and then re-arrested on new charges. He fled the country in Mar, 1997.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A13)

1994        Algeria closed its common border with Morocco after Morocco claimed Algerian secret service agents were behind an Islamist extremist attack in Marrakesh. Algiers later set a global settlement of the conflict in Western Sahara as a precondition for reopening the border.
    (AFP, 7/30/08)
1994        Algeria set up auxiliaries, known as "communal guards," to bolster local police in villages across the country where authorities were locked in a deadly confrontation with armed Islamist groups.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
1994        In Algeria Islamic militants killed Cheb Hasni, a rai singer. This led to increase of defections by musicians to France.
    (WSJ, 9/19/00, p.A24)

1994        In Angola the Lusaka agreement halted the civil war between Unita and the government that had run for 2 decades. The accord called for UNITA to disband its 70,000 man army and hand control of almost half the country to the government.
    (WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A16)(SFC, 12/26/98, p.A12)

1994        Lester Bird, head of the Antigua Labor Party, was elected after his father, PM Vere Bird, retired.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A11)

1994        Argentina amended its constitution to allow a non-Catholic to be president.
(Econ, 3/15/14, p.15)
1994        In Argentina the main postal office was privatized. A proposed split for control was made between Alfredo Yabran and Domingo Cavallo. Economy Minister Cavallo refused to grant the concession to Yabran.
    (SFC, 2/28/98, p.A7)
1994        In Argentina Economy Minister Domingo Cavallo accused Alfredo Yabran, a courier company magnate, of heading an organized crime ring.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A13)
1994        Argentina under conservative Pres. Carlos Menem began to allow private retirement funds as an alternative to state pension funds. As of 2008 the funds yielded an average return of 13.9%. In 2008 the government proposed to nationalize the private pensions in order to meet debt payments.
    (WSJ, 7/30/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 10/22/08, p.A8)(Econ, 10/25/08, p.47)
1994        The Mercosur Customs Union was created among Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
    (WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A-10)

1994        In Armenia Pres. Levon Ter-Petrossian outlawed the Dashnaksitun political party.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C1)

1994        Australia’s Labor government passed native title laws.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C9)
1994        Australia’s foreign minister, Gareth Evans, accused "freelance military personal and business spivs" (shady dealers) in Thailand of providing refuge for Khmer Rouge leaders and helping them get gems and timber out of Cambodia. The statement was made after 2 Australians were murdered by the Khmer Rouge.
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A12)
1994        Australian states began reforming water management.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.19)
1994        Fires in Sydney, Australia, killed 4 people and destroyed 1.9 million acres of forest.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.A18)
1994        The Hendra virus was first discovered and named for the Australian suburb where it was found in an outbreak that killed a horse trainer and 13 horses. It causes flulike symptoms that can lead to pneumonia or encephalitis. It is believed to originate in fruit bats in Australia and mainly infects horses.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

1994        Taslima Nasreen (32), Bangladeshi writer, authored her novel "Lajja" or "Shame," which depicts violence against minority Hindus by Muslim fundamentalists in Bangladesh. Muslims soon called for her execution for that and other works. Nasreen went into hiding in India after receiving threats from Islamic groups.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

1994        Belarus gave up the nuclear weapons it inherited in the breakup of the Soviet Union, but it retained its highly enriched uranium stocks.
    (AP, 12/1/10)

1994        In the Bosporus an oil tanker collided with another vessel and 28 seamen died. A 15,000-ton oil spillage also resulted that burst into a spectacular fire.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A23)

1994        Botswana created Africa’s first sovereign wealth fund from diamonds.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.75)

1994        Seven Rwandan refugee camps were created in Burundi and held some 250,000 people.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A10)

1994        Brazil’s central bank increased interest rates to nearly 50% in response to the Mexican debt crises and devaluation.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, SR p.5)
1994        Rev. Edward Dougherty, a priest from New Orleans, became Brazil’s first Catholic television preacher.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B14)
1994        In Brazil Marino Silva was the first rubber-tapper to be elected to the federal senate. She was elected on a platform opposing deforestation.
    (USAT, 4/22/96, p.4-D)
1994        An investor group led by Banco Bozano, Simonsen SA, bought the loss-ridden aircraft maker Embraer SA from the Brazilian government.
    (WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 9/13/04, p.A8)
1994        In Brazil some 5,800 square miles were cleared by fire for agriculture and ranching in this year.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T5)

1994        Britain’s government announced that it would not privatize the Forestry Commission.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)
1994        Britain under PM John Major established a national lottery. Some of the funds were dedicated for sports.
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.48)

1994        Arms exports from Bulgaria generated about $250 mil., a three-fold increase over a year earlier.
    (WSJ, 7/24/95, p.A-7c)
1994        Emil Kuylev (1956-2005), a former police officer, founded the Bulgarian-Russian Rosexim bank and acquired in 2002 the state insurance company DZI, making his business into the largest banking and insurance firm in Bulgaria.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

1994        Canada leased its major airports to private-sector entities.
    (Econ, 8/12/17, p.52)
1994        In Canada an Ontario judge ruled that lap dancing was not indecent under standards previously set by the Supreme Court. The ruling was overturned in 1997.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.E3)

1994        In Chile the giant state-owned copper company, Codelco, lost more than $200 million in dealings with the London Metal Exchange at the hands of rogue trader Juan Pablo Davila.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A6)

1994        Li Zhisui, Mao’s personal doctor, authored “The Private Life of Chairman Mao."
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.83)
1994        Harry Wu (1937-2016), Chinese human rights activist and writer, published his "Bitter Winds: A Memoir of My Years in China’s Gulags," with Carolyn Wakeman. Wu Hongda had been sent to a labor camp in 1960 to be turned into “a new socialist person." In 1985 he left for California.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.3)(Econ, 5/7/15, p.86)(Econ, 5/7/15, p.86)
1994        China raised the curtain on regular Hollywood releases.
    (Econ., 8/29/20, p.48)
1994        China’s foreign minister, Qian Qichen, and US Sec. of State Warren Christopher, agreed to halt sales of M-11 and other missiles to Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A4)
1994        China’s central government changed the way it shared tax revenues with the provinces, leaving the center with a much bigger portion.
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.37)
1994        China began a pilot program in some cities to provide a subsistence guarantee for those whose income was below the minimum needed for adequate comfort. The dibao program was implemented by local authorities and failed to reach most rural needy.
    (Econ, 10/31/15, p.43)
1994        China established a unified official exchange rate and pegged the yuan, also known as the renminbi (people's money), at about 8.28 to the US dollar.
    (SFC, 7/5/03, p.B1)(Econ, 9/25/10, p.87)
1994        In China the guided-missile destroyer ship Harbin was built with weapons and engineering systems made in 40 countries.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A3)
1994        China accelerated its drive to join GATT.
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A19)
1994        China started its first nuclear plant. By 2016 there were 36 nuclear reactors in operation.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.43)
1994        China passed a Maternal Infant Health Care Law. It guaranteed pediatric health care to poor women and stipulated that couples be informed of any genetic problems. It also directed doctors to take steps to prevent childbearing in the event of detected problems.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A25)
1994        China passed rules that permitted executed prisoners to donate organs with written consent by the prisoner of relatives.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.D1)
1994        The Internet was introduced to China.
    (Wired, 2/99, p.127)
1994        China’s steel making capacity was 11% of the world total. By 2006 it reached 25%.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.67)
1994        China started a national campaign to fortify all salt with iodine. Some 2,500 salt police enforced the state monopoly.
    (SFC, 11/15/02, p.J4)
1994        China’s government announced plans to develop a stand-alone automobile industry.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.79)
1994        Suzhou Industrial Park was established west of Shanghai.
    (WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A13)
1994        China lifted a ban on dogs in Beijing. Strict licensing was enforced until 2003.
    (Econ 7/8/17, p.38)
1994        In China leaders in Tianjin established the Binhai New Area for economic development. In 2005 the central government backed the project as one of national importance.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.47)
1994        Shengda Economics, Trade and Management College was founded in Longhu, Henan province, China.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.32)
1994        The World Journal, a Chinese-language newspaper based in New York reported that blood products in China were contaminated with the AIDS virus.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A14)
1994        A ferry and freighter slammed into each other on China’s Yangtze River and 133 people died.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A23)

1994        Colombia passed legislation that said all vacant land must be used for family farming.
    (Econ, 10/31/15, SR p.11)
1994        In Colombia FARC rebels killed the police chief of Cartagena del Chaira and blew up the police station. For the next 9 years no police officer set foot on the streets there.
    (WSJ, 8/10/04, p.A1)

1994        In the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Joaquim Yhombi-Opango began serving as prime minister during the presidency of Pascal Lissouba and continued to 1996. Yhombi-Opango fled to France in 1997.
    (ABC News, 4/1/20)

1994        Rene Ngongo of Congo DRC founded the OCEAN environmental group, exposing the impact of deforestation and monitoring the plunder of minerals by warring factions during Congo's 1996-2002 civil wars.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

1994        Cuba introduced the convertible peso (CUC) valued at one US dollar. The exchange rate was 24 pesos for one CUC. In 2020 state media began telling Cubans that change was imminent.
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.32)(Econ., 10/10/20, p.29)
1994        Private farmer’s markets returned to Cuba following huge food shortages due to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 1/5/99, p.A10)
1994        Oakland, Ca., adopted a friendship agreement with Santiago, Cuba.
    (SFC, 7/22/00, p.A17)

1994        The Dominican Rep. drew up its 32nd new constitution.
    (Econ, 3/15/14, p.15)
1994        In the Dominican Rep. Pres. Joaquin Balaguer was re-elected after a questionable 1% margin of victory over Jose Francesco Pena Gomez. By this year inflation dropped to 4%.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)
1994        In the Dominican Republic journalist Narciso Gonzalez disappeared outside air force headquarters. He had accused Balaguer of fraud in the elections.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A9)

1994        Ali Salem, Egyptian playwright, traveled across Israel and authored “My Drive to Israel." I sold some 60,000 copies and angered Egyptian intellectuals.
    (SFC, 12/19/08, p.A24)
1994        In Egypt Youssef Chahine (1926-2008), filmmaker, directed “The Emigrant." The film,  about the Old Testament figure of Joseph, was denounced by militant Islamists and banned.
    (SFC, 7/29/08, p.B5)
1994        In Cairo a conference on population called on improving the lot of women so that they would have fewer children.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A12)
1994        The government of Egypt decreed that schoolgirls may not wear the full length veil, niqab, that covers everything but the eyes.
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p. C2)
1994        In Egypt police Gen’l. Raouf Khairat was killed. Four people were sentenced to death in 1997 for crimes including the murder which they denied.
    (SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)

1994        In El Salvador there were 7,673 people murdered in this year according to the attorney general’s office.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B5)

1994        In Estonia Pres. Meri bypassed lawmakers when he signed a deal on the withdrawal of Russian troops.
    (SFC, 9/21/96, p.A10)
1994        Estonia became the 1st European country to introduce a flat tax (26%) on personal and corporate income. Latvia and Lithuania soon followed suit.
    (Econ, 3/5/05, p.54)

1994        Ethiopia adopted a new federal constitution with many powers devolved to the regions. It came into force on 21 August 1995.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Constitution_of_Ethiopia)(Econ, 11/3/07, p.33)

1994        Finland’s parliament banned the import and export of spent nuclear fuel. It later planned to isolate its own stockpile in the Onkalo repository on the island of Olkiluoto.
    (Econ, 4/15/17, p.51, 52)

1994        Dana Facaros and Michael Pauls authored their guidebook “The South of France: Provence, Cote d’Azur & Languedoc-Rousillon."
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T10)
1994        In France the Cartier Foundation building at 261 Boulevard Raspail was opened. It was designed by Jean Nouvel with 7 floors above ground and 8 below.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T7)
1994        The French government rescued Credit Lyonnais. In 2013 the government authorized the borrowing of €4.5 billion to pay off the last of the debt incurred in the bank rescue. The total cost to taxpayers hit almost €15 billion.
    (Econ, 11/16/13, p.77)
1994        Elf Aquitaine, a state-owned oil company, was privatized.
    (SFC, 2/5/02, p.A6)
1994        In France Baron Edmond Adolphe Maurice Jules Jacques de Rothschild (d.1997 at 71) was named an officer in the Legion of Honor.
    (SFC,11/4/97, p.A19)
1994        Three French explorers discovered the stone-age Chauvet Cave with paintings that dated back more than 30,000 years. In 1996 they published "Chauvet Cave: The Discovery of the World’s Oldest Paintings."
    (NH, 7/96, p.73)
1994        France was the No. 1 supplier of arms to the developing world.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A10)   
1994        French legislator Yann Piat of the UDF was shot to death in her car by 2 men on motorcycle. A 1997 book, "The Yann Piat Case" by Andre Rougeot and Jean-Michel Verne," says that she was killed by the French secret service to keep her from revealing a plot to sell military land to the Mafia. The book was suspended after its first printing sold out. Many believe the tale to be disinformation.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A25)

1994        Georgia reached a cease-fire with Abkhazia.
    (SFC, 11/24/03, p.A11)

1994        Germany’s constitutional court ruled that German soldiers could be allowed outside the NATO area with the approval of parliament.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.27)
1994        The Federal Republic of Germany enacted the Compensation for Persons Subjected to Nazi Persecution Act (NS-Verfolgtensentschädigungsgesezt).

1994        Guinea-Bissau held democratic elections.
    (AP, 10/6/03)

1994        Susie Scott Krabacher, Miss Playboy for May 1983, organized the construction of a health-care center and food-kitchen for abandoned children in Haiti.
    (WSJ, 3/1/04, p.A1)

1994        In Hungary paprika stocks were adulterated with minium, a red oxide of lead, and many people were stricken lead poisoning. Once lead enters the biosphere, it is retained and recycled indefinitely. Lead atoms combine with cysteine’s sulfur atoms and disrupt the disulfide bridges of proteins. Thus many enzymes will malfunction.
    (NH, 7/96, p.52,53)

1994        The Indian Parliament unanimously decided that its goal was to extend its rule to all of "Pakistan-occupied Kashmir."
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)
1994        Representatives of 14 tiger-range countries met in New Delhi and agreed to cooperate in combating the trade in tigers.
    (NG, 12/97, p.22)
1994        The Hindustan-Tibet Road was opened to tourists. It linked the Kinnaur Valley, once and independent Hindu kingdom, and the Spiti Valley, formerly part of the west Tibetan kingdom of Guge.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.T1)
1994        India-based Symphony, a maker of air-coolers, gained a stock exchange listing. By 2015 the company was one of India’s best performers stocks for over a decade.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)

1994        In Iran a 2-hr pre-nuptial class was made mandatory for all couples planning marriage.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.D2)

1994        In Iraq Khidhir Abdul Abas Hamza, a scientist who helped train younger scientists in the nation’s atomic weapons program, fled the country. In 1998 he publicly described a 3-decade effort by Iraq to build a nuclear bomb.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A13)
1994        Iraqi engineers worked to build the Mother of Battles River. It helped divert water from the Euphrates that would otherwise flow into the al Hammar marsh, a refuge for Hussein opponents. The marshes were later drained and pesticides used to kill the fish and wildlife. The 200,000 "Madan" (marsh Arabs) were attacked and forced away.
    (WSJ, 1/15/03, p.A6)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A10)

1994        In Ireland the case against Rev. Brendan Smyth (d.1997 at 70) led to the collapse of the government of Prime Minister Albert Reynolds. The attorney general had delayed processing requests from British authorities for the extradition of Smyth, who was charged for 74 instances of sexual abuse of 20 young people over 36 years. He was sentenced in 1997 to 12 years in Curragh Prison.
    (SFC, 7/26/97, p.A14)(SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A24)
1994        Kevin Gardiner of Barclay’s Wealth coined the phrase “Celtic Tiger" to describe the dramatic rise of Ireland’s economy.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.28)

1994        Israel established the elite squad, Egoz (walnut in Hebrew), to track Shiite guerrillas in southern Lebanon.
    (SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)

1994        The Italian government introduced instant lotteries.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A1)
1994        The National Alliance was created as a broad based successor to the Italian Social Movement (MSI), which was created after WW II to keep alive the ideals of Mussolini.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.44)
1994        Istria was the first region of the former Yugoslavia to be officially designated as a "Region of Europe". The Istria of 2005, alternatively called Istra and Istrija, is politically divided into three separate countries: Croatia, Slovenia and Italy.
1994        Roberto Pannunzi, Italian mobster, was arrested in Colombia. He had forged links with Colombian cartels for transatlantic trade in cocaine. He was extradited to Italy and released when his detention expired. He was rearrested in 2004 but disappeared in 2009 when sent to a private clinic near Rome following a heart attack.
    (Econ, 5/8/10, p.54)

1994        Jamaica's government privatized its sugar factories. [see 1998]
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.26)
1994        In Jamaica Michael Llewellyn was shot in the back when he tried to escape a beating by police at his house. His right leg was amputated below the knee as a result, and he was left unable use the remaining leg. In 2010 he was awarded $230,000 in compensation.
    (AP, 4/30/10)

1994        The 52-story Shinjuku Park Tower in Tokyo, Japan, was completed. It was designed by Kenzo Tenge and built for the Tokyo Gas Urban Development Company.
1994        In Japan Tomiicchi Murayama of the Social Democrats became the head of the government coalition.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A26)
1994        Aoyama, a Japanese-born North Korean engineer, began spying for Japan. In 1997 as an industrial spy in Beijing he confirmed that North Korea had developed a nuclear bomb.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.F5)
1994        Japan posted a record trade surplus of $120.9 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)
1994        Japan introduced subsidies for solar power technology. A typical system cost $16,000 per kilowatt, of which the government paid half. The subsidies were phased out in 2005.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.73)
1994-1995    Haruki Murakami (b.1949) authored his 3-volume novel “The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle," a surreal 600-page exploration of fear. An English version was published in 1997. In 2011 a stage version premiered in Edinburgh.
    (Econ, 8/27/11, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haruki_Murakami)

1994        Kazakhstan’s Pres. Nursultan Nazarbayev elevated Akezhan Kazhegeldin, a wealthy businessman, to prime minister.
    (WSJ, 7/5/00, p.A18)

1994        Ayisi Makatiani, a student at MIT, co-founded Africa Online with 2 Kenyan friends. It was purchased by Prodigy and in 1998 underwent a management buyout. In 2000 it was purchased by African Lakes, an investment firm.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.58)(http://tinyurl.com/j5nxk)

1994        Te Buroro Tito was elected president of Kiribati.
    (WSJ, 1/22/96, p.A-1)

1994        Laos signed a bilateral Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation with Vietnam.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)

1994        In Lesotho Letsie backed a palace coup to reinstate his father as king. He ousted the first government to be elected in a multiparty vote and temporarily assumed the throne.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)

1994        In Liberia ULIMO split into two factions: ULIMO-K and ULIMO-J. ULIMO-K was composed of members of the Mandingo ethnic group. ULIMO-J was made up of ethnic Krahn led by Roosevelt Johnson.
    (SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)

1994        In Liberia Charles Taylor enlisted Joshua Milton Blahyi, aka Gen’l. Butt Naked, into his force. After the fighting Gen’. Naked resumed his birth name and turned into an evangelical preacher.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A10)

1994        In Madagascar Pres. Albert Zafy and Prime Minister Francisque Ravony balked at an economic overhaul ordered by the Int’l. Monetary Fund and World Bank.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A14)

1994        In Malawi a ban on women wearing pants ended following the end of the long dictatorship of Kamuzu Banda.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)

1994        The North-South Expressway of Malaysia was completed. It spans the western side of the Malay Peninsula from Singapore to the Thailand frontier for 520 miles.
    (Hem., 1/96, p.97)
1994        Malaysia passed a Domestic Violence Act. It made wife-beating unlawful but only after a cease-and-desist order and went into effect in 1996. Women’s groups had begun campaigning seven years
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)
1994        Malaysia under PM Mahathir Mohamed awarded the Bakun Dam concession to Ekran Bhd. The government took over the project following the financial crises of 1997-98.
    (WSJ, 1/8/04, p.A14)
1994-1997    Malaysia engaged in a tight money policy as the economy grew at a breakneck speed.
    (WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A13)

1994        In Chiapas, Mexico, Maya farmers organized into the Zapatista National Liberation Army.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, T-10)
1994        The Mexican government started peace negotiations with the Zapatistas.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C2)
1994        Mexico joined the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
    (WSJ, 8/10/05, p.A9)
1994        Mexican banker Carlos Cabal Peniche after being accused of an elaborate self-lending scheme involving hundreds of million of dollars through his two banks, Banco Union SA and Banca Cremi SA, fled the country. He was also a large investor in southeastern Mexico and maintained a banana plantation in Tabasco.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)
1994        In Mexico the Union for the Social Wellbeing of the Triqui Region (UBISORT) was set up by the ruling PRI party to enforce its authority in the mountains of Oaxaca. It fought the Movement for the Unification and Struggle (MULT) resistance group.
    (Econ, 8/7/10, p.36)
1994        In Mexico the Tlachinollan Center was founded in the town of Tlapa de Comonfort by Abel Barrera Hernandez to fight to give voice to members of the many indigenous communities in Guerrero whose rights are often overlooked and abused.
1994        Alfredo Harp Helu, president of Banamex, was kidnapped. He was ransomed after 3 months for $30 mil. Angel Losada Moreno, head of Mexico’s largest supermarket chain, was also kidnapped and ransomed for a rumored similar amount. In 1996 authorities claimed to have recovered nearly $10 mil of the Helu ransom.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A10)
1994        In Mexico the cellular license owned by Carlos Hank Rhon and BellSouth was sold to Grupo Iusacell , owned by the Peralta family, for over $100 million.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A6)
1994        Rigoberto Gaxiola Medina of Mexico was indicted on marijuana trafficking charges by a federal grand jury in Detroit. Some 183 million dollars were identified in his banking accounts but by Jan 23, 1997 only 16.7 million was seized by Mexican officials. The family had large legitimate holdings in Sonora.
    (WSJ, 4/1/97, p.A15)
1994        A disease called Zebra chip, which affected potatoes and caused potato chips to develop stripes, was first noticed in Mexico. By 2000 it had spread to Texas. It was later found that an insect called the potato psyllid served as a vector for the disease.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.81)

1994        In Mozambique in the first multi-party elections, overseen by 7,000 UN troops, voters chose Joaquim Alberto Chissano, head of Frelima, the formerly Marxist ruling party, as president over Afonso Dhlakama of Renamo. Frelimo was based in the southern port city of Maputo, while Renamo was based in the northern city of Beira.
    (WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A10)

1994        In Myanmar the Kachin Independent Army (KIA) agreed to stop fighting. Hostilities were resumed 17 years later.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.52)(Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.11)
1994        Myanmar leased the 2 Coco Islands in the Indian Ocean to China. China proceeded to establish surveillance stations there.
    (www.fas.org/irp/world/china/facilities/coco.htm)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.25)

1994        In Namibian elections SWAPO won over 72% of the vote.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.20A)

1994        In Nigeria Moshood Abiola was imprisoned by Sani Abacha on charges of treason for declaring himself president.
    (SFC, 6/5/96, p.C2)(SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A20)
1994        Nigerian opposition leader Anthony Enahoro was detained for several months after the military crushed a pro-democracy strike.
    (SFC, 5/14/96, A-10)

1994        An accord called the Agreed Framework was made in which North Korea pledged to give up its nuclear weapons program in exchange for billions in Western aid.
    (SFC, 8/17/98, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)

1994        The OECD published its Jobs Strategy, a list of recommended ways in which governments (mainly in Europe) might reduce high and persistent unemployment rates. The strategy was restated in 2006 in a much longer form.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.84)

1994        Oman became the first Gulf monarchy to give the vote to women.
    (AP, 12/25/16)

1994        Pakistan’s military purchased three Agosta 90 B submarines from France. PM Edouard Balladur’s 1995 campaign for the French presidency was later suspected of having been financed in part from kickbacks in the submarine sale.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(www.digitaljournal.com/article/274427)(Econ, 10/1/11, p.54)

1994        Mohammed Rashid became Arafat's top financial adviser when the Palestinian Authority was established, following interim peace deals with Israel.
    (AP, 5/16/12)

1994        In Panama Ernesto Perez Balladares campaigned for the presidency at the head of the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) and was elected. He was later accused of accepting $51,000 in drug money in the campaign.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)

1994        Palestinian leader Arafat promised to turn the Gaza Strip and West Bank into a new Singapore.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A12)

1994        Former PM Julius Chan (1980-1982) succeeded Paias Wingti as Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea and continued to 1997.

1994        Lori Helene Berenson, an American, arrived in Peru from El Salvador where she had worked as the personal secretary to Leonel Gonzalez, top commander of the FMLN guerrillas.
    (WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A7)
1994        Alpacas from Peru began arriving in the US after barriers with Peru were removed.
    (WSJ, 4/5/07, p.A10)

1994        In the Philippines the death penalty was restored.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.A7)

1994        In Puerto Rico the Federal Death Penalty Act broadened the range of crimes punishable by death.
    (AP, 8/1/03)
1994        In Puerto Rico a record 995 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/12/11)

1994        In Romania the Civic Center district with its massive Palace of the Parliament, the largest building in Europe, was completed.
    (SSFC, 6/18/17, p.F6)

1994        Alexander Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia after living in the US. He had completed a 10-volume novel-cycle about the Russian Revolution called "The Red Wheel." The 2nd volume, "November 1916," was to be published in 1999. In Russia he wrote his political analysis "Russia in Collapse."
    (WSJ, 12/11/98, p.W15)
1994        In Russia Yeltsin promoted Anatoly Chubais to First Deputy Prime Minister.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A10)
1994        In Russia Nikolai Yegerov (d.1997 at 45) was appointed prime minister in charge of nationalities and regional policy and a promotion put him in charge of the Chechnya region. His policy endorsed sending troops to crush the rebellion there. He was removed as nationalities minister in 1995.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)
1994        Russian President Boris Yeltsin wrote his memoirs: "The View From the Kremlin."
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A6)
1994        The Russian Army general staff signed a deal with Orthodox Church leaders to start putting chaplains in army units.
    (WSJ, 6/4/96, p.A8)
1994        In Russia the single independent newspaper of Kalmykia, Sovyetskaya Kalmykia, was shut down.
    (SFC, 9/24/97, p.A12)
1994        Russian scientists detected a large lake beneath 2½ miles of Antarctic ice. It was named Lake Vostok and measured 250km long and 50km wide.
    (SFC, 8/2/04, p.A6)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.87)
1994        Sofka Dolgorouky (b.1907), Russian princess, died. She published an autobiography in 1968 called “Sofka: the Autobiography of a Princess." In 2007 Her granddaughter authored the biography “Red Princess: A Revolutionary Life."
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.86)(http://tinyurl.com/2e43hx)

1994        Juvenal Kajelijeli helped orchestrate massacres in Ruhengeri, Rwanda. In 2003 the former mayor was convicted by a UN tribunal in Tanzania and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A3)

1994        In Saudi Arabia Osama Bin Laden, the scion of a wealthy Saudi family, was stripped of his Saudi citizenship. He financed a host of hard-line groups from Egypt to Algeria. His fortune was estimated at $250 mil.
    (SFC, 8/14/96, p.A10,12)
1994        The Saudi family of Osama bin Laden disowned him. The Binladin Group later invested with the Washington-based Carlyle Group, which also employed George Bush Sr.
    (NW, 11/19/01, p.35)
1994        In Saudi Arabia Safar al-Hawaly and Salman al-Awdeh, religious militants and critics of the government, were jailed.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C3)

1994        Mary Benson authored the biography: "Nelson Mandela: The Man and the Movement."
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.D5)
1994        South Africa’s government adopted a plan to redistribute 30% of white-owned farmland to poor blacks. At this time 87% of commercial farmland was owned by whites and 13% by blacks, the exact reverse of their proportion of the population. This excluded the 4 million blacks making a bare living on subsistence farms.
    (Econ, 12/5/09, p.58)
1994        In South Africa King Goodwill Zwelithini broke with Inkatha leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi and tension between the Zulu royal family and Inkatha has since escalated.
    (SFC, 4/28/96, A-13)
1994        In South Africa public schooling was desegregated.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.52)
1994        South Africa’s Shoprite supermarket began expanding across Africa. In 2005 it was Africa’s largest retailer with 700 shops in 16 countries.
    (Econ, 1/15/05, p.62)
1994        South African Breweries (SAB) moved into the China market.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.59)

1994        Osama bin Laden arrived in Sudan from Afghanistan. He used his own money to finance road construction projects in the desert north of Khartoum.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.A15)

1994        Sudan’s government began funding the (LTA) Lord’s Resistance Army in retaliation for Uganda’s support of the southern-based rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Army.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A12)

1994        Switzerland began a controversial 3-year experimental heroin distribution program. The program led to a huge drop in crime and survived a ballot challenge in 1997.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A14)

1994        Emomali Rakhmonov was elected president of Tajikistan.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.50)

1994        In Thailand The Pak Mun Dam along the Mun River, a major tributary of the Mekong, was completed with money from the World Bank. It is a 56 foot high, 984 foot long wall of concrete and severely impacted fish life on the river.
    (WSJ, 3/12/96, p. A-15)(Econ, 1/3/04, p.30)
1994        The lower Mekong River was spanned for the first time with a bridge between Nong Khai, Thailand and Vientiane, Laos.
    (SFC, 5/14/97, p.A22)(Econ, 1/3/04, p.29)

1994        In Togo legislative elections were marked by army violence and intimidation.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)

1994        In Turkey the $32 billion GAP hydroelectric project opened its Ataturk Dam. The project planned 22 dams and 19 hydroelectric plants on the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.
    (SFC, 7/13/98, p.A6)

1994        In Turkmenistan a referendum was passed to extend the rule of Niyazov, who had renamed himself Turkmenbashi (Chieftain of the Turkmen), to 2002.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.A10)

1994        In Abu Dhabi, UAE, 13 former BCCI officials were tried and 12 were convicted and sentenced to jail and terms with civil damages to $9 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A9B)

1994        Ukraine gave up nuclear weapons it had inherited from the Soviet Union in exchange for security guaranties from Britain, France, America and Russia.
    (Econ., 3/7/15, p.24)

1994        UNESCO introduced the Marti prize on the initiative of Cuba to recognize an individual or institution contributing to the unity and integration of countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
    (AP, 2/3/06)

1994        In Venezuela the ska-punk band Desorden Publico released its album "People's Song of Life and Death." Some ten years earlier founding member Horacio Blanco wrote "Paralytic Politicians," which later became an anthem of protest for Venezuela.
    (AFP, 3/3/19)

1994        In Vietnam worker strikes were made legal.
    (SFC, 6/23/97, p.A10)
1994        Ha Long Bay, Vietnam, was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, p.T1)

1994        In Yemen a civil war broke out in Mukalla, capital of the country’s oil producing province.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A1)

1994        In Zambia Francis Grogan and Carl Irwin founded Zambeef with a staff of 60 people. In 2013 the company employed 5,000.
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.68)

1994        Zimbabwe restored power to local chiefs due to the corruption and inefficiency of appointed officials.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.C16)

1994-1995    In Argentina it was alleged that IBM offered government officials up to $21 million to win a contract with the Banco de la Nacion.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A24)

1994-1995    Depleted uranium shells were used by NATO forces against Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A14)
1994-1995    China carved 4 big new commercial banks out of the old communist banking system. The banks soon made 2 bad loans for every three good ones. The government began cleaning them up in 1999 taking loans equivalent to 17% of GDP off their books.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.20)
1994-1995    Jamaica’s government stepped in to bailout its banks. The bailout eventually cost roughly 40% of GDP. This money was borrowed from international lenders.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.31)(http://www.jubileedebtcampaign.org.uk/Jamaica+4109.twl)
1994-1995     South African Moses Sithole raped and strangled 38 women in the Johannesburg area. He was sentenced in 1997 to more than 2,400 years in jail.
    (AP, 1/13/04)(http://members.skcentral.com/html/articles.php?cat_id=13)

1994-1996    Russia’s Defense Minister, Pavel Grachev, approved the transfer of more than $1 billion worth of weaponry to Armenia.
    (WSJ, 5/14/97, p.A22)
1994-1996    Philip Gourevitch in 1998 published "We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families." The book covered the Rwanda Civil War of this period along with background information.
    (WSJ, 9/22/98, p.A20)

1994-1997    Iraqi Kurds in the east and west fought a fratricidal war.
    (Econ, 4/20/13, p.51)   

1994-1998    In Arkansas 59 bald eagles were found dead at DeGray Lake and Lake Hamilton. Their deaths were associated with dead coots and followed 10-20 days after heavy rains. Runoff containing hazardous materials was suspected.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)
1994-1998    At least 18 Palestinians died while under detention by the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)

1994-1999    In South Africa Mac Maharaj (b.1935) served as transportation minister. In July 2011 he was appointed as a spokesman for Pres. Zuma. In Nov 2011 it was reported that from 1997-1999 Maharaj was paid 1.2 million French francs, through an offshore bank account registered in his wife's name, before French weapons maker Thales was awarded a credit card license contract. Zuma's former financial adviser and convicted fraudster Shabir Shaik's Swiss bank account was allegedly used as a conduit by Thales to channel the money into Maharaj's wife's bank account.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)

1994-2000    On Indonesia’s island of New Guinea the Meren Glacier on Puncak Jaya, a 3-mile high peak, vanished during this period. Researchers later estimated that ice on the mountain covering 7 square miles had shrunk from 7 square miles in 1850 to 1 square mile in 2008.
    (SSFC, 1/6/08, p.A11)

1994-2002    Tony Knowles served as governor of Alaska.
    (Econ, 8/26/06, p.27)

1994-2004    Mass protests in China rose from 74,000 to some 74,000.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.41)
1994-2004    Gold production in Mali grew from 6.3 million tons to 39.3 million tons.
    (SFC, 9/22/05, p.A14)

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