Timeline 1992 B:  Oct to end

Return to home

1992        Oct 1, Texas billionaire Ross Perot jumped back into the presidential race.
    (AP, 10/1/97)
1992        Oct 1, The U.S. Senate voted 93-to-6 to approve the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
    (AP, 10/1/97)
1992        Oct 1, Petra Kelly (b.1947), founder of the German Green Party, was shot dead in Bonn.

1992        Oct 2, The campaigns of President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton agreed to hold three presidential debates and one vice-presidential debate.
    (AP, 10/2/97)
1992        Oct 2, In Brazil Col. Ubiratan Guimaraes led the "Carandiru massacre," where 111 inmates where killed during a raid to quell a prison riot in Sao Paulo. Guimaraes was convicted in 2001 and sentenced to 632 years in prison, but awaited a 2nd  trial. In 2006 Guimaraes (63) was murdered at his apartment in Sao Paulo. In April, 2013, 23 police officers were each sentenced to 156 years in jail. Dozens more faced trial.
    (SFC, 9/21/98, p.A14)(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A18)(AP, 9/11/06)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.48)(SSFC, 8/4/13, p.A4)

1992        Oct 3, President Bush vetoed a measure to re-regulate cable television. Congress overrode the veto two days later.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1992        Oct 3, Sinead O'Connor, Irish rock singer, ripped up a picture of Pope John Paul II on Saturday Night Live.
1992        Oct 3, William Gates, the college-dropout founder of Microsoft, headed the Forbes magazine 400 list of the richest Americans with a net worth of 6.3 billion dollars. His assets reached 51 billion in 2005.

1992        Oct 4, In the Netherlands an Israeli El Al Jumbo Jet transport, enroute from New York to Tel Aviv, crashed into an Amsterdam apartment complex and killed 43 people. Since then scores of people complained of unidentified health problems. In 1998 it was revealed that the jet carried 50 gallons of dimethyl methylphosphonate, a non-poisonous ingredient of sarin nerve gas, destined for Israel. A report on the crash was released in 1999 and said that the plane's ballast included carcinogenic depleted uranium.
    (www.pacificnews.org/jinn/stories/5.03/990211-cargo.html)(AP, 10/4/97)(WSJ, 4/22/99, A1)
1992        Oct 4, In Mozambique a peace accord ended 17 years of civil war during which some 600,000 people were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome_General_Peace_Accords)(WSJ, 2/14/00, p.B13C)

1992        Oct 5, Pres. George H. W. Bush signed America's Hong Kong Policy Act. It allowed the US government to treat Hong Kong as a separate entity for trade and other purposes, as long as it is demonstrably freer than the rest of China. It became effective on July 1, 1997 and was amended on November 27, 2019, by the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act.
1992        Oct 5, Both houses of Congress voted to override President Bush's veto of a measure to re-regulate cable television companies.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1992        Oct 6, President Bush appointed Mary Fisher to the National Commission on AIDS, replacing Magic Johnson.
    (AP, 10/6/97)
1992        Oct 6, The US Congress approved HOPE VI, the Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere program. It targeted the worst housing estates and encouraged mixed-income communities.
    (SFC, 10/2/04, p.B7)(www.hud.gov/offices/pih/programs/ph/hope6/about/)
1992        Oct 6, The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to establish a war crimes commission for Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 10/6/97)

1992        Oct 7, Trade representatives of the United States, Canada and Mexico initialed the North American Free Trade Agreement during a ceremony in San Antonio, Texas.
    (AP, 10/7/97)
1992        Oct 7, Allan Bloom (62), psychologist and author (Closing of the American Mind), died.
1992        Oct 7, The Ubykh language of the north-eastern Caucasus died out when Tevfik Esenc (b.1904), a Circassian exile in Turkey, died.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.137)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubykh_language)

1992        Oct 8, Derek Walcott (1930-2013), West Indies born poet (Saint Lucia), was named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature. In 1997 his collection of poems "The Bounty" was published. In 2014 an anthology of his poetry was published.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.1)(AP, 10/8/97)(Econ, 3/20/10, p.94)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.81)
1992        Oct 8, Iraqi police seized at gunpoint American bomb disposal expert Chad Hall, who was working in a disputed and ill-defined border area between Iraq and Kuwait. He was released two days later. [see Oct 10]
    (AP, 10/8/02)
1992        Oct 8, Willy Brandt (78), former West German Chancellor (1969-74) and Nobel Peace Prize winner (1971), died in Unkel, Germany.
    (AP, 10/8/97)(http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1971/brandt-cv.html)

1992        Oct 9, The US 102nd Congress adjourned.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1992        Oct 9, To protect the US food airlift, the first American forces arrived in Somalia.
    (HNQ, 1/1/00)
1992        Oct 9, A great Peekskill Meteorite was seen from Kentucky to NY.
1992        Oct 9, In Alabama Jack Trawick abducted and killed college student Stephanie Gach (21) in Birmingham. Trawick (62), a serial murderer, was executed in 2009.
    (SFC, 6/12/09, p.A6)(www.prodeathpenalty.com/Pending/09/jun09.htm)
1992        Oct 9, The U.N. Security Council voted to ban all military flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1992        Oct 10, Iraq released U.S. munitions expert Clinton Hall, two days after he'd been taken prisoner in the demilitarized zone separating Iraq and Kuwait.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1992        Oct 11, President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent candidate Ross Perot met for the first of three debates, this one held at Washington University in St. Louis.
    (AP, 10/11/97)

1992        Oct 12, In Texas Mike Piperis (46), co-owner of U&I Restaurant in Corpus Christi, and Anthony Staton (31), a cook, were murdered. Martin E. Gurule was convicted for the murder and sentenced to death. Gurule’s girlfriend, Malisa Smith, was also convicted, and sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A8)
1992        Oct 12, Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico began a microwave search for occupied planets.
1992        Oct 12, A 5.8 earthquake hit Cairo and at least 510 people died.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(http://io.ingrm.it/amminist/annali/elenean433.htm)

1992        Oct 13, Vice President Dan Quayle, Senator Al Gore and retired admiral James B. Stockdale clashed in a freewheeling vice-presidential debate in Atlanta.
    (AP, 10/13/97)

1992        Oct 14, The Nobel Prize for chemistry went to American Rudolph A. Marcus; the prize for physics went to George Charpak of France.
    (AP, 10/14/97)
1992        Oct 14, Russia's worst serial killer, Andrei Chikatilo, was convicted of mutilating and killing 52 women and children. The Rostov Ripper was executed in 1994.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(Reuters, 12/10/18)

1992        Oct 15, The US State Department acknowledged that it had improperly handled requests for the passport file of Democratic presidential nominee Bill Clinton.
    (AP, 10/15/97)
1992        Oct 15, NYC Subway motorman Robert Ray was convicted of manslaughter in death of 5 riders, when he fell asleep drunk while in control of train on Aug 28, 1991.
1992        Oct 15, In Liberia Operation Octopus began when forces under Charles Taylor attacked positions of a West African peacekeeping force, ECOMOG. Martina Johnson, the head of the heavy artillery unit for the National Patriotic Front of Liberia, reportedly led the operation.
    (AP, 9/18/14)

1992        Oct 16, The Nobel Peace prize was awarded to Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who spoke on behalf of indigenous people and victims of government repression. In 1999 David Stoll published "Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans," in which he contradicts material in Menchu's book "I Rigoberta Menchu."
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/16/97)(SFEC, 3/7/99, BR p.4)

1992        Oct 17, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Toronto Blue Jays in game one of the World Series, 3-to-1.
    (AP, 10/17/97)
1992        Oct 17, Japanese exchange student Yoshi Hattori, 16, was shot and killed by Rodney Peairs in Center, La., after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked on Peairs' door while looking for a Halloween party. Peairs was acquitted of manslaughter, but in a civil trial was ordered to pay more than $650,000 in damages to Hattori's family.
    (AP, 10/17/97)

1992        Oct 18, The visiting Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Atlanta Braves in game two of the World Series, 5-to-4, evening the series at one game apiece. The pre-game ceremony was marred by a U.S. Marine Corps color guard that mistakenly presented the Canadian flag upside-down.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1992        Oct 19, President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot met in their third and final campaign debate, in East Lansing, Mich.
    (AP, 10/19/97)
1992        Oct 19, Maurice le Roux, French conductor and composer (Contes immoraux), died.

1992        Oct 20, The host Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Atlanta Braves, 3-2 in game three of the World Series, taking a two-games-to-one lead. This was the first World Series game to be played outside the U.S. During the pre-game ceremony, a Marine color guard presented the Canadian flag correctly, two days after another guard held the banner upside-down before game two.
    (AP, 10/20/97)
1992        Oct 20, Jackson Weaver (b.1920), voice of Smokey the Bear, died of diabetes.
1992        Oct 20, In Malawi Orton Chirwa, a lawyer who helped establish the country’s independence, died in prison. He was Malawi’s first Minister of Justice.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, Par p.5)(www.hrw.org/reports/1993/WR93/Afw-04.htm)

1992        Oct 21, Singer Madonna's book "Sex" was released.
    (AP, 10/21/97)
1992        Oct 21, The Toronto Blue Jays won game four of the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves 2-1.
    (AP, 10/21/97)
1992        Oct 21, A report prepared for the Los Angeles police commission found that the city was unprepared to handle the rioting that broke out the previous spring, and had responded inadequately.
    (AP, 10/21/97)
1992        Oct 21, Shirley Booth, actress (Hazel), died at 94.
1992        Oct 21, Jim Garrison, Louisiana DA who investigated the JFK assassination, died at 70.
1992        Oct 21, In Egypt a British nurse died in a bus attack by Islamic extremists in Dairu.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C2)

1992        Oct 22, Wendy Wasserstein's "Sisters Rosensweig," opened in NYC.
1992        Oct 22, The Atlanta Braves beat the Toronto Blue Jays, 7-2, in game five of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/22/97)
1992        Oct 22, The space shuttle Columbia was launched on a 10-day mission that included deployment of an Italian satellite.
    (AP, 10/22/97)
1992        Oct 22, Red Barber (84), sportscaster (Dodgers, Yankees), died.
1992        Oct 22, Cleavon Little (53), actor (Blazing Saddles), died.

1992        Oct 23, President Bush announced that Vietnam had agreed to turn over all materials in its possession related to U.S. personnel in the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 10/23/97)
1992        Oct 23, Japanese Emperor Akihito began a visit to China, the first by a Japanese monarch.
    (AP, 10/23/97)
1992        Oct 23, A French court convicted three former health officials of charges they knowingly allowed blood tainted with the AIDS virus to be used in transfusions.
    (AP, 10/23/97)

1992        Oct 24, The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series as they defeated the Atlanta Braves, 4-3, in game six.
    (AP, 10/24/97)
1992        Oct 24, China normalized relations with South Korea.

1992        Oct 25, Independent presidential candidate Ross Perot, explaining why he had abandoned his White House bid in July, publicly accused the Republican Party of plotting to disrupt his business operations and his daughter's wedding. White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater called the charges "loony" and "crazy."
    (AP, 10/25/97)
1992        Oct 25, Singer-songwriter Roger Miller (56) died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/25/02)

1992        Oct 26, Pres. Bush signed an act requiring the release of nearly all government files concerning the assassination of President Kennedy. The President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act compelled anything related to the assassination to be released 25 years after its passage.
    (https://tinyurl.com/z9qz6hd)(Econ, 6/8/19, p.29)
1992        Oct 26, Robert C. Stempel resigned as chairman and chief executive officer of General Motors Corp.
    (AP, 10/26/97)
1992        Oct 26, Voters in Canada rejected a constitutional reform package known as the Charlottetown Accord.
    (AP, 10/26/97)

1992        Oct 27, The government reported that the U.S. gross domestic product grew at an inflation-adjusted annual rate of 2.7 percent in the third quarter of 1992.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1992        Oct 27, In Oil City, Pennsylvania, Shauna Howe (11) was kidnapped while walking home from a pre-Halloween party. Her battered body was found 3 days later. For every year afterward, the City Council voted to allow trick-or-treating in the afternoon only. In 2004 a witness came forward and police turned to DNA evidence. Two brothers were arrested and convicted of murder and sexual assault. A third man pleaded guilty to murder. In 2008 the city council voted to allow Halloween back to night hours.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
1992        Oct 27, Friends of Queen Elizabeth II staged an elaborate celebration for the 40th anniversary of her ascension to the British throne.
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1992        Oct 28, Less than a week before Election Day, President Bush continued to emphasize that voters could not trust Bill Clinton in the White House; for his part, Clinton accused Bush of abusing the powers of the presidency.
    (AP, 10/28/97)
1992        Oct 28, The US Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was enacted. It banned betting on sports with exemptions to Delaware, Nevada, Oregon and Montana.
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/yenf89a)

1992        Oct 29, A New York City jury acquitted 17-year-old Lemrick Nelson of murdering Yankel Rosenbaum, an Australian Hasidic scholar who was killed in rioting that erupted in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn in August 1991 following the traffic death of a black child who was hit by a Hasidic driver. In February 1997, a jury convicted Nelson and Charles Price of violating Rosenbaum's civil rights.
    (AP, 10/29/97)

1992        Oct 30, Iran-Contra special prosecutor Lawrence E. Walsh released an excerpt of notes taken by former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in January 1986 which suggested then-Vice President Bush was fully aware of the Reagan administration's arms-for-hostages deal with Iran. (Bush said despite the notes, he was not aware until December 1986 that the arrangement was an actual arms-for-hostages swap.)
    (AP, 10/30/97)
1992        Oct 30, Joan Mitchell (b.1925), American pastel artist, died. In 2011 Patricia Albers authored “Joan Mitchell: Lady Painter, A Life."
    (SFC, 3/31/97, p.E6)(SSFC, 5/29/11, p.G5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Mitchell)

1992        Oct 31, Roman Catholic church rehabilitated Galileo Galilei after 359 years. Galileo was tortured and imprisoned by the Holy Office during the Inquisition, and was forced to recant his heretical views that the earth and planets revolve around the Sun. Pope John Paul II acknowledged that the church had erred in condemning Galileo. [see 1984]
1992        Oct 31, It was announced that five American nuns in Liberia had been shot to death near the capital Monrovia; the killings were blamed on rebels loyal to Charles Taylor.
    (AP, 10/31/97)

1992        Oct, The International UFO Museum and research Center opened in Roswell, New Mexico.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, p.T7)
1992        Oct, An explosion at the Texaco facility near Los Angeles harbor sent 16 people to the hospital and spawned 4,500 property damage claims.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A9)
1992        Oct, Four members of the Avengers, a Serbian paramilitary force, abducted 16 Muslims from a bus in Serbia and took them to Bosnia where they were tortured and executed. In 2005 a Serbian court 4 convicted former Avengers for the murders. 2 men in custody, Djordje Sevic and Dragutin Dragicevic were sentenced to 15 and 20 years respectively. Two others, Milan Lukic and Oliver Krsmanovic, were tried in absentia and received 20-year jail terms.
    (AP, 7/16/05)

1992        Nov 1, The space shuttle Columbia landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., ending a 10-day mission that included the deployment of an Italian satellite. 
    (AP, 11/1/97)

1992        Nov 2, On Election Day eve 1992, President Bush and Democratic challenger Bill Clinton stumped at a furious pace in several states.
    (AP, 11/2/97)
1992        Nov 2, Movie producer Hal Roach died in Los Angeles at age 100.
    (AP, 11/2/97)
1992        Nov 2, The 1st test flight of Airbus A330 was flown by engineering test pilots Etienne Tarnowski and Udo Günzel.

1992        Nov 3, Bill Clinton, governor of Arkansas, was elected as the 42nd president of the United States, defeating President Bush, who won 38% of the popular vote. Clinton won Ohio by 2 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/3/98)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.D1)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
1992        Nov 3, Ross Perot listened to the American people and won 19% of the vote. His running mate was Admiral James B. Stockdale.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1992)(SFC, 4/9/96, p.B8)
1992        Nov 3, In Illinois Democrat Carol Moseley-Braun became the first black woman elected to the U.S. Senate. She lost her Senate seat in 1998.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/4/98)
1992        Nov 3, Washington state voters elected Mike Lowry (78) as the 20th state governor. He chose not to run for re-election to a second term due to a sexual harassment scandal in which his deputy press secretary, Susanne Albright, accused him of making inappropriate remarks and fondling her.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mike_Lowry)(SFC, 5/3/17, p.D4)

1992        Nov 4, Carol Moseley Braun became the first African American women to be elected to the U.S. Senate. She lost her Illinois Senate seat in 1998.
    (HN, 11/4/98)
1992        Nov 4, Iran's Islamic Republic News Agency announced the arrest of American businessman Milton Meier, who had lived in Iran for 17 years, on charges of illegal business dealings and espionage.
    (AP, 11/4/97)

1992        Nov 5, Bobby Fischer beat Boris Spassky to win the Chess title in Belgrade. Fischer received $3.5 million for his win, but violated UN sanctions and an embargo on doing business in Yugoslavia. In 2004 he was arrested in Japan for traveling on a revoked USD passport.
    (www.ishipress.com/bobby-in.htm)(SFC, 7/17/04, p.A2)
1992        Nov 5, Malice Green (35), a black motorist, died when he was beaten by Detroit police officers outside a suspected crack house. Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn were convicted of second-degree murder, but the Michigan Supreme Court ordered a new trial for Budzyn, saying jurors were improperly influenced. Their convictions were overturned. Budzyn was retried and convicted in 1998 and then sentenced to time served. Nevers was retried in 2000 and convicted of involuntary manslaughter. Nevers was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/5/97)(SFC, 3/28/00, p.A5)(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A8)(SFC, 5/17/00, p.A8)

1992        Nov 6, President-elect Bill Clinton asked Vernon Jordan and Warren Christopher to lead the White House transition team.
    (AP, 11/6/97)

1992        Nov 7, Richard Yates (b.1926), US author, died in Birmingham, Ala. His books included "Revolutionary Road" (1961), and "Disturbing the Peace" (1975). In 2003 Blake Bailey authored "Tragic Honesty: The Life and Work of Richard Yates."
    (WSJ, 7/3/03, p.D8)(www.pshares.org/issues/article.cfm?prmarticleID=3460)
1992        Nov 7, Alexander Dubcek (b.1921), former Czechoslovak leader (1968-1969), died in a car crash. His 1968 failed attempt to loosen the Communist grip became known as the Prague Spring.
    (AP, 11/7/97)(www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/dubcek)

1992        Nov 8, Volunteers began reading aloud the 58,183 names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C., as part of a tribute marking the 10th anniversary of the monument.
    (AP, 11/8/97)
1992        Nov 8, Some 350,000 people rallied in Berlin against racist violence.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1992        Nov 9, Visiting London, Russian President Boris Yeltsin appealed for help in rescheduling his country's debt, and urged British businesses to invest.
    (AP, 11/9/97)
1992        Nov 9, Charles Fraser-Smith, English inventor, died. He was the gadget-designing genius on whom the character "Q" in the James Bond novels and movies was modeled.

1992        Nov 10, Major League Baseball rejected the $115 million deal for Tampa Bay to acquire the SF Giants and Safeway pres. Peter Magowan led a local group to acquire the team for $100 million.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.9)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A14)
1992        Nov 10, President Bush dismissed State Department official Elizabeth Tamposi for her role in a pre-election search for passport records of his rivals, Democrat Bill Clinton and Ross Perot.
    (AP, 11/10/97)

1992        Nov 11, By letter, Russian President Boris Yeltsin told U.S. senators that Americans had been held in prison camps after World War II and some were "summarily executed," but that others were still living in his country voluntarily.
    (AP, 11/11/97)
1992        Nov 11, The Anglican Church and the Church of England voted to ordain women as priests.
    (AP, 11/11/97)

1992        Nov 12, In his first formal post-election news conference, President-elect Clinton presented a detailed blueprint for action once he took office, and promised his administration would have the strictest ethical guidelines in history.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1992        Nov 13, Riddick Bowe won the undisputed heavyweight boxing title in Las Vegas with a unanimous decision over Evander Holyfield.
    (AP, 11/13/97)

1992        Nov 14, As preparations for the presidential transition continued, President-elect Clinton told reporters in Little Rock, Ark., that a compromise on a line-item veto proposed by House Speaker Thomas Foley could prove acceptable.
    (AP, 11/14/97)

1992        Nov 15, President-elect Clinton and his wife, Hillary, hosted a dinner in Little Rock, Ark., for Democratic congressional leaders in the first such meeting since the presidential election.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1992        Nov 16, President-elect Clinton and Democratic congressional leaders held a news conference in Little Rock, Ark., in which they pledged a "new era" of action.
    (AP, 11/1697)
1992        Nov 16, United Nations Security Council voted to authorize a naval blockade on the Danube River and the Adriatic coast to tighten economic sanctions on Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 11/1697)

1992        Nov 17, Senators John Kerry of Massachusetts, Tom Daschle of South Dakota and Hank Brown of Colorado made an unprecedented tour of Vietnam's military headquarters but found nothing to substantiate reports of American prisoners sighted there after the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/17/97)
1992        Nov 17, Dateline NBC aired a demonstration that showed a General Motors trucks blowing up on impact. It was later revealed that NBC rigged the test.

1992        Nov 18, "Malcolm X" with Denzel Washington premiered in US.
1992        Nov 18, President-elect Clinton began a two-day whirlwind visit to the nation's capital by meeting with President Bush.
    (AP, 11/18/97)
1992        Nov 18, Dorothy Kirsten (82), US soprano, died in Los Angeles from stroke. Her 1982 autobiography was titled “A Time to Sing."

1992        Nov 19, President-elect Clinton paid a call on Congress.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1992        Nov 19, President Bush's mother, Dorothy, died in Greenwich, Conn., at age 91.
    (AP, 11/19/97)

1992        Nov 20, The United States and the European Community announced they had resolved a dispute over EC farm subsidies, but French officials expressed dissatisfaction.
    (AP, 11/20/97)
1992        Nov 20, The Windsor Castle, 22 miles west of London on the Thames River, favorite weekend home of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II, caught on fire when curtains ignited due to a high intensity spotlight. It was the 45th wedding anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Nine main rooms were destroyed and another 100 damaged. The restoration cost $63 million and took 5 years.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(SFC,11/18/97, p.B1)(AP, 11/20/97)

1992        Nov 21, Sen. Bob Packwood, R-Ore., issued an apology but refused to discuss allegations that he'd made unwelcome sexual advances toward 10 women over the years.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1992        Nov 22, President-elect Bill Clinton met in Little Rock, Ark., with sometime-critic Jesse Jackson, who praised the future chief executive as a leader who could "make the nation whole."
    (AP, 11/22/97)
1992        Nov 22, A Washington Post story 1st revealed claims by several women that Sen. Bob Packwood, liberal Oregon Republican, had accosted them with unwanted touching and kisses.
1992        Nov 22, Sterling Holloway (b.1905), US actor (Golddiggers of 1933, Batman), died.

1992        Nov 23, Roy Acuff (b.1903), country music star, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 89.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1992        Nov 23, In Germany, three Turks were killed when rightist militants firebombed their homes in Moelln; in Berlin, hundreds of demonstrators protested in solidarity with foreigners.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1992        Nov 23, Iran added a Russian-built submarine to its navy, becoming the first Gulf nation to field a submarine.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1992        Nov 24, Former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger pleaded innocent to making a false statement in the Iran-Contra affair. However, Weinberger was pardoned by President Bush before the case could come to trial.
    (AP, 11/24/97)
1992        Nov 24, The US military closed the Subic Bay Naval Station and left the Philippines.
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A12)
1992        Nov 24, Bob Lurie, owner of the San Francisco Giants, agreed to sell the baseball team to a group of city business leaders for $100 million. Safeway Chairman Peter Magowan will be the managing general partner of the investment group. Lurie will retain a $10 million share for the next four years.
    (SSFC, 11/19/17, DB p.50)
1992        Nov 24, In China, a domestic jetliner crashed, killing 141 people.
    (AP, 11/24/97)

1992        Nov 25, The Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product, the sum of all goods and services produced within U.S. borders, had advanced at a brisk 3.9 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate during the third quarter of 1992.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1992        Nov 26, An aid agency predicted disaster if the United States sends a large military force to Somalia.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
1992        Nov 26, The British government announced that Queen Elizabeth II had volunteered to start paying taxes on her personal income, and would take her children off the public payroll.
    (AP, 11/26/97)

1992        Nov 27, President-elect Clinton met for more than an hour with former President Reagan in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1992        Nov 27, In Austria part of the Vienna Hofburg (Imperial Palace) was destroyed by fire.
1992        Nov 27, In Venezuela some 15,000 rebel forces under Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez tried but failed to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in 10 months. The coup left dozens dead and Chavez was jailed for 2 years and then pardoned by Pres. Rafael Caldera. Chavez was elected president Dec 6, 1998.
    (AP, 11/27/97)(WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A16)(SFC, 12/7/98, p.A9)

1992        Nov 28, "I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for 14 weeks. Her song is from the soundtrack of "The Bodyguard", and singer/songwriter Dolly Parton smiles all the way to the bank.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, "Layla" by Eric Clapton reentered the chart and peaked at #12 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, "Keep The Faith" by Bon Jovi peaked at #29 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, "Wicked" by Ice Cube peaked at #55 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, In Bosnia-Herzegovina, a breakthrough in the relief effort came with the delivery of 137 tons of food and supplies to the isolated town of Srebrenica.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, In King William's Town, South Africa, four people were killed, about 20 injured, when black militant gunmen attacked a country club.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1992        Nov 29, A refugee center in western Germany was firebombed as violence against foreigners continued, despite a police crackdown on neo-Nazis.
    (AP, 11/29/97)
1992        Nov 29, Jean-Alexandre-Eugene Dieudonne b.1906), French mathematician, died. He is known for research in abstract algebra and functional analysis, and for close involvement with the Nicolas Bourbaki pseudonymous group and as a historian of mathematics, particularly in the fields of functional analysis and algebraic topology.
1992        Nov 29, Emilio Pucci (b.1914), Italian fashion designer (Jackie Kennedy), died in Florence, Italy. In 2000 his firm was acquired by LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7ec3n)(WSJ, 8/22/03, p.B1)

1992        Nov 30, The U.S. Supreme Court sustained women's basic right to abortion, voting 6-3 against reviving a 1990 Guam law that would have prohibited nearly all such procedures.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1992        Nov, In the SF Bay Area UC Berkeley issued a campus ban on public nudity. This followed the controversy over student Andrew Martinez attending classes naked. Martinez (19) was permanently expelled in January, 1993.
    (SSFC, 1/21/18, DB p.50)
1992        Nov, Xanana Gusmao, East Timor rebel leader, was arrested at a "safe house" outside Dili for fighting Indonesian forces. He was sentenced to life in prison in 1993 following a trial in which he was represented by a member of the Indonesian security service. The sentence was later commuted to 20 years and he was moved to house arrest in 1999.
    (SFC, 2/10/99, p.C2)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A14)

1992        Dec 1, The new owners of the SF Giants fired manager Roger Craig. SF Mayor Frank Jordan has assured the new owners that the team could play at Candlestick Park for the next five years for just $1 in rent compared with the $750,000 a year currently being paid. The concessions still needed approval by the city’s supervisors.
    (SSFC, 11/26/17, DB p.54)
1992        Dec 1, In Mineola, N.Y., Amy Fisher was sentenced to five to 15 years in prison for shooting and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco. Fisher was released in 1999 after serving 7 years.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A9)
1992        Dec 1, President Boris Yeltsin survived an impeachment attempt by hard-liners at the opening of the Russian Congress.
    (AP, 12/1/97)

1992        Dec 2, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off with five astronauts and a spy satellite aboard.
    (AP, 12/2/97)
1992        Dec 2, Germany's lower house of parliament voted overwhelmingly in favor of the Maastricht Treaty on European unity.
    (AP, 12/2/97)
1992        Dec 2, Uzbekistan adopted its first constitution as an independent state.
    (AP, 3/30/04)

1992        Dec 3, The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a U.S.-led military mission to help starving Somalia.
    (AP, 12/3/97)
1992        Dec 3, The Greek tanker Aegean Sea spilled 21.5 million gallons of crude oil when it ran aground at La Coruna, Spain.
    (AP, 12/3/97)

1992        Dec 4, President Bush ordered American troops to lead a mercy mission to Somalia, threatening military action against warlords and gangs who were blocking food for starving millions.
    (AP, 12/4/97)

1992        Dec 5, Ralph Klein, a Progressive Conservative, was elected premier of Alberta. He began to lead Canada in deregulation and privatization. Klein retired at the end of 2006.
    (Econ, 7/17/04, p.37)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.44)
1992        Dec 5, Russian President Boris Yeltsin narrowly kept the power to appoint Cabinet ministers, defeating a constitutional amendment that would have put his team of reformers under the control of Russia's Congress.
    (AP, 12/5/97)

1992        Dec 6, Bowing to anti-foreigner sentiment, Germany's main political parties agreed to tighten postwar asylum laws.
    (AP, 12/6/97)
1992        Dec 6, In Uttar Pradesh, India, thousands of Hindu kar sevaks, soldiers of the Ram Temple movement, destroyed the Babri Mosque and 4 people were killed. This set off two months of Hindu-Muslim rioting that claimed at least 2,000 lives. Attackers set off 13 bomb blasts in Bombay that destroyed skyscrapers and killed 600 people. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) inspired Hindus to raze a 16th century mosque in the northern town of Ayodhya. The demolition caused Hindu-Muslim riots across India and 3,000 people were killed. Hindus believe that the site was the birthplace of the god Ram and that Mogul invaders tore down a temple at the site to build the Babri Mosque. In 1998 the Congress Party apologized for the mosque destruction. In 2009 an inquired into the destruction of the Babri Mosque concluded that senior members of the opposition Bharatatiya Janata Party (BJP) were complicit in the vandalism.
    (WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/7/96, p.A-14)(AP, 12/6/97)(SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A20)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A16)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.43)
1992        Dec 6, A narrow majority of Swiss referendum voters rejected the idea of joining the European Economic Area, a free trade club embracing the EU and Liechtenstein.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.46)(http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1992/index_en.htm)

1992        Dec 7, The Supreme Court rejected a challenge to a Mississippi abortion law that required women to get counseling and then wait 24 hours before terminating their pregnancies.
    (AP, 12/7/97)

1992        Dec 8, Americans got to see live television coverage of U.S. troops landing on the beaches of Somalia as Operation Restore Hope began (because of the time difference, it was early December ninth in Somalia).
    (AP, 12/8/97)
1992        Dec 8, NBC announced that "Cheers" would go off the air in May, 1993.
1992        Dec 8, In San Francisco Barry Bonds singed a record six-year, $43.75 million contract with the SF Giants baseball club.
    (SSFC, 12/3/17, DB p.46)
1992        Dec 8, Francia Young (25), a SF market analyst, was kidnapped at the MacArthur BART station, and raped and killed by Keith Tyson Thomas and Henry "Rooter" Glover. In 1996 Glover was sentenced to life in prison. In 1998 Young was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A19)
1992        Dec 8, William Shawn (85), US editor-in-chief (New Yorker, 1952-87), died.

1992        Dec 9, Former CIA spy chief Clair George was convicted of lying to Congress about the Iran-Contra affair. President Bush pardoned him.
    (AP, 12/9/97)
1992        Dec 9, U.S. Marines landed in Somalia to ensure that food and medicine reach the deprived areas of that country. The US Operations Restore Hope, Continue Hope and others began in Somalia and ended Mar 3, 1995. They cost $1.7 billion and left 43 US casualties with 153 wounded.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)(HN, 12/999)
1992        Dec 9, In North Carolina Kevin Dean Hodgin (35), a Domino's Pizza delivery driver, was beaten and killed during an armed robbery outside the Domino's store in Guilford County. In 2021 Shantu Jenkins, one of five young men charged in the slaying, was released on parole.
    (AP, 2/20/21)
1992        Dec 9, Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana announced their separation. Their divorce became final Aug. 28, 1996.
    (AP, 12/9/97)

1992        Dec 10, President-elect Clinton announced his first Cabinet selections, including Lloyd Bentsen to be treasury secretary and Leon Panetta to be budget director.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1992        Dec 10, Sen. Bob Packwood, R-Ore., apologized for what he called "unwelcome and offensive" actions toward women, but refused to resign.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1992        Dec 11, President-elect Clinton tapped Robert Reich to be labor secretary and Donna Shalala to be secretary of Health and Human Services.
    (AP, 12/11/97)
1992        Dec 11, A severe storm pounded the upper Atlantic coast with snow, rain and high winds.
    (AP, 12/11/97)
1992        Dec 11, Portugal ratified the Treaty on the European Union.

1992        Dec 12, President-elect Clinton tapped Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty to be his chief of staff and Democratic national chairman Ron Brown to be commerce secretary.
    (AP, 12/12/97)
1992        Dec 12, At least 2,200 people were killed in an earthquake that struck the Flores Island region of Indonesia.
    (AP, 12/12/97)

1992        Dec 13, An Israeli border guard was kidnapped near Tel Aviv and later killed by the Hamas fundamentalist organization. The slaying prompted Israel to expel hundreds of Palestinians, sending them into Lebanese territory. Abdel Aziz Rantisi was among the 400 deported members of Hamas.
    (AP, 12/13/97)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A18)

1992        Dec 14, President-elect Clinton opened a two-day conference in Little Rock, Ark., on the nation's economic problems.
    (AP, 12/14/97)
1992        Dec 14, Easing a 17-year trade embargo, the United States allowed its companies to sign contracts in Vietnam.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1992        Dec 14, Pres. Yeltsin dismissed PM Yegor Gaidar after 7 months. Viktor Chernomyrdin (1938-2010) replaced Gaidar as prime minister.
    (SFC, 5/13/99, p.A19)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.109)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Chernomyrdin)
1992        Dec 14, Russian President Boris Yeltsin lost a battle with hard-liners as he was forced to abandon his reformist PM Yegor Gaidar, in favor of Communist-era technocrat Viktor Chernomyrdin (1938-2010).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Chernomyrdin)(AP, 12/14/97)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.109)

1992        Dec 15, President-elect Clinton concluded a two-day conference on the economy, saying the nation must tame "the monster of spiraling health care costs" in order to slash the huge budget deficit. The 1992 US budget deficit reached $290.4 billion, the highest of the century.
    (AP, 12/15/97)(SFC, 12/13/99, p.D10)
1992        Dec 15, IBM announced it would eliminate 25,000 more employees in the coming year.
    (AP, 12/15/97)
1992        Dec 15, The Netherlands ratified the Treaty on the European Union.

1992        Dec 16, US Secretary of State Lawrence S. Eagleburger said Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic had to answer for atrocities committed in former Yugoslavia. In 2000 a US federal jury ordered Radovan Karadzic to pay $745 million to a group of women, who accused him of atrocities.
    (AP, 12/16/97)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)
1992        Dec 16, Yugoslavia was kicked out of the IMF.
    (WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A18)

1992        Dec 17, President-elect Clinton tapped former San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros to be Secretary of Housing.
    (AP, 12/17/97)
1992        Dec 17, President Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari signed the North American Free Trade Agreement in separate ceremonies.
    (AP, 12/17/97)
1992        Dec 17, Israel ordered the deportation of 418 suspected Muslim fundamentalists from the occupied territories.
    (AP, 12/17/02)

1992        Dec 18, Germany ratified the Treaty on the European Union.
1992        Dec 18, The U.N. Security Council unanimously denounced Israel's deportation of more than 400 Palestinians and demanded their immediate return.
    (AP, 12/18/97)
1992        Dec 18, Kim Young-Sam was elected South Korea's first civilian president in three decades.
    (AP, 12/18/97)

1992        Dec 19, More than 400 suspected Muslim fundamentalists deported by Israel were confined to a makeshift refugee camp in a "no man's land" in Lebanon because of the Lebanese government's refusal to accept them.
    (AP, 12/19/97)

1992        Dec 20, U.S. Marines and Belgian paratroopers in Somalia took control of Kismayu's port and airport; the first truck convoy in more than a month reached the starving inland town of Baidoa.
    (AP, 12/20/97)
1992        Dec 20, Steve Ross (b.1927), head of Time Warner, died of prostate cancer. Ross, born in Brooklyn as Steven Jay Rechnitz, was also founder of the NY Cosmos soccer team. In 1994 Connie Bruck authored “Master of the Game: Steve Ross and the Creation of Time Warner."
1992        Dec 20, Serbia held elections. Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic won re-election. He defeated the American entrepreneur Milan Panic in elections that were "decidedly unfair."
    {Serbia, Yugoslavia}

1992        Dec 21, President-elect Clinton tapped Richard Riley to be education secretary and Hazel O'Leary to be energy secretary; Clinton expressed anger at "bean counters" for saying he was not appointing enough women to his Cabinet.
    (AP, 12/21/97)
1992        Dec 21, A Dutch DC-10 burst into fire at landing on Faro, Portugal, and 56 died.

1992        Dec 22, President-elect Clinton chose Warren Christopher to be his secretary of state and tapped Les Aspin to be defense secretary.
    (AP, 12/22/97)
1992        Dec 22, Mr. Blair, a friend of the Clinton’s, persuaded Mr. McDougall to purchase the Whitewater shares for $1,000 and sign an indemnity agreement releasing the Clintons from any and all liability. This cleared the Clinton’s of a $58,000 liability. The saving was not reported on the Clinton’s 1992 tax return.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1992        Dec 22, A Libyan Boeing 727 jetliner crashed, killing 157 people.
    (AP, 12/22/97)

1992        Dec 23, An American mission to save lives in Somalia lost the first of its own when a U.S. vehicle hit a land mine near Bardera, killing civilian Army employee Lawrence N. Freedman of Fayetteville, N.C. In all over 100 peacekeepers died in Somalia including 42 Americans.
    (AP, 12/23/97)

1992        Dec 24, Pres. Bush had the US Embassy in Belgrade read to Pres. Milosevic the "Christmas Warning" cable: "In the event of conflict in Kosovo caused by Serbian action, the US will be prepared to employ military force against Serbians in Kosovo and in Serbia proper.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A19)
1992        Dec 24, President George H.W. Bush pardoned former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and five others in the Iran-Contra scandal. This sparked a lengthy investigation by a special prosecutor.
    (AP, 12/24/97)(SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1992        Dec 24, President-elect Clinton appointed Bruce Babbitt interior secretary, Mike Espy agriculture secretary and Federico Pena transportation secretary; Clinton also chose Zoe Baird to be attorney general, but the nomination fell apart over Baird's hiring of illegal aliens as domestic workers.
    (AP, 12/24/97)
1992        Dec 24, In Ohio Marvallous Keene and three accomplices began a three-day binge of murder and robbery in Dayton that left 6 people dead. On July 21, 2009, Keene (36) was executed at a Lucasville prison, the 1000th person to die by lethal injection in the US since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976.

1992        Dec 25, U.S. Marines delivered wheat to a refugee camp in Bardera, Somalia, setting off a small riot among the Somalis; American and French troops also took control of Hoddur.
    (AP, 12/25/97)

1992        Dec 26, Time magazine announced it had chosen President-elect Bill Clinton its 1992 "Man of the Year."
    (AP, 12/26/97)
1992        Dec 26, Milan Panic conceded defeat to Slobodan Milosevic almost a week after Yugoslavia's presidential election.
    (AP, 12/26/97)

1992        Dec 27, The United States shot down an Iraqi fighter jet during what the Pentagon described as a confrontation between a pair of Iraqi warplanes and U.S. F-16 jets in U.N.-restricted airspace over southern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1992        Dec 28, Katie Beers (9) disappeared in Bay Shore, New York, two days before her tenth birthday. On January 13, 1993, she was found alive in a 6-foot-by-7-foot concrete bunker under the garage of John Esposito. Beers later said Esposito had raped her during her captivity. On July 27, 1994, Esposito was sentenced to 15 years to life. He was found dead in his cell of apparently natural causes on September 4, 2013, just after a parole hearing.
1992        Dec 28, Somalia's two main warlords, Mohamed Farrah Aidid and Ali Mahdi Mohamed, promised an end to their hostilities.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1992        Dec 29, The United States and Russia announced agreement on a nuclear arms reduction treaty.
    (AP, 12/29/97)
1992        Dec 29, New York Gov. Mario Cuomo commuted the prison sentence of Jean Harris, the convicted killer of "Scarsdale Diet" author Herman Tarnower.
    (AP, 12/29/97)
1992        Dec 29, David and Sharon Schoo of St. Charles, Ill., were arrested at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago upon their return from vacation for leaving their young daughters at home, alone.
    (AP, 12/29/97)
1992        Dec 29, Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigned. Vice-President Itamar Franco succeeded Collor as president. Franco proceeded to heal the economy damaged by Collor’s erratic policies.
    (AP, 12/29/97)(Econ, 5/14/16, p.25)
1992        Dec 29, Daniel arap Moi (b.1924) was re-elected with 36% of the vote in the first multiparty elections in Kenya in 26 years.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A8)(http://tinyurl.com/33kpow)

1992        Dec 30, President Bush embarked on the final foreign trip of his term in office, heading to a Black Sea summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin, with a stopover in Somalia to visit U.S. troops helping famine victims.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1992        Dec 31, President Bush visited Somalia, where he saw firsthand the famine racking the east African nation. He praised U.S. troops that provided relief to the starving population.
    (AP, 12/31/97)
1992        Dec 31, U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was jeered by Bosnians during a visit to Sarajevo.
    (AP, 12/31/97)   
1992        Dec 31, The Nation of Czechoslovakia officially ended with division into two Nations: Slovakia and the Czech Republic in 1992. When the country split, all citizens were deemed to be either Czech or Slovak, based on their parentage. The vast majority of the Romany living in the Czech Republic are of Slovak descent, and they had to apply for Czech citizenship. In 2009 Mary Haimann authored “Czechoslovakia: The State That Failed."
    (HFA, '96, p.44)(SFC, 5/13/96, p.A-8)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.84)

1992        Dec, The US Defense Special Weapons Agency contracted a secret study of Soviet nuclear weapons testing under a project led by Alexander Tchernyshev, Russian physicist. The study produced a 2,000 page history of 715 nuclear tests over 41 years for a fee of $288,501.
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, p.A17)
1992        Dec, The Arkansas Legislature enacted a tax on soft drinks. t went to a vote with the citizens of Arkansas in 1994. The yes vote won with 55% of the turnout. The tax was modeled after one held by North Carolina (1969).
1992        Dec, In Louisiana the Orleans Parish School Board adopted a policy that prohibits school names honoring former slave owners or others who did not respect equal opportunity for all.
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.A3)
1992        Dec, Brownie Wise (b.1913), former lead sales woman for Tupperware, died in Florida. In 2008 Bob Kealing authored “Tupperware: Brownie Wise, Earl Tupper, and the Home Party Pioneers."
    (http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives/d7509.htm)(WSJ, 7/30/08, p.A13)

1992        Dec, In China the top portion of a Long March missile peeled away 45 seconds into its flight and destroyed a telecom. satellite for Australia.
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A5)

1992        Dec, In El Salvador a peace treaty was signed between leftist rebels and the government. The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front became legal and described itself as social democratic. The Peace Accords introduced reforms to give land to ex-combatants of the FMLN and the military.
    (SFC, 3/17/97, p.A9)(SFEM,11/16/97, p.22)

1992        Dec, In Slovenia the first democratic elections elected Milan Kucan as president and Janez Drnovsek became prime minister.
    (SFC, 4/14/97, p.A10)

1992        Dec, Italy sent 2,500 combat troops to Somalia as part of the US-sponsored multinational force.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A8)

1992        Dec, In South Africa Sol Kerzner, multimillionaire, unveiled his $280 million Palace of the Lost City in Sun City in the state of Bophuthatswana.
    (Hem, 6/96, p.134)

1992        Artist Janet Stern painted her "Bicycle series I."
    (NH, 4/97, p.7)

1992        In NYC the first annual Outsider Art Fair was held at the Puck Building.

1992        Tony Kushner wrote his play "Angels in America."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1992        Anna Deavere Smith wrote her play "Fires in the Mirror: Crown Heights Brooklyn and Other Identities."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1992        Stephen Ambrose authored "Band of Brothers." It was based on interviews with WW II soldiers and told the story of Easy Company, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, from training to D-Day, Operation Market Garden, the Battle of the Bulge and the capture of Hitler’s Eagle’s Nest.
    (SFC, 12/25/01, p.A28)
1992        Peter L Bernstein authored “Capital Ideas," a summary of academic thinking on portfolio management. In 2007 he followed up with his new volume: “Capital Ideas Evolving."
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.96)
1992        Jason Berry authored "Lead Us Not Into Temptation," a work on clerical sex abuse.
    (SFC, 3/18/02, p.F10)
1992        David Bottstein and Nina Fedoroff co-authored of "The Dynamic Genome."
    (SFC, 8/18/96, Z1 p.3)(http://tinyurl.com/2ecg55n)
1992        David G. Campbell wrote "The Crystal Desert: Summers in Antarctica." It won the 1994 John Burroughs Medal Award for nature writing.
    (NH, 6/96, p.4)
1992        Humphrey Carpenter wrote: "Benjamin Britten: a Biography." A film biography was made of the composer’s life in 1980.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, DB p.41)
1992        William Chapin (d.2003 at 85), professor and WW II pilot, authored his novel "Milk Run." It was based on his WW II imprisonment after getting shot down over Yugoslavia in 1944.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.A19)
1992        Michael D. Coe wrote "Breaking the Maya Code."
    (NH, 4/97, p.20)
1992        Maj. Rhonda Cornum, Gulf War POW, authored her autobiography: "She Went to War."
    (SFC, 1/16/01, p.C2)
1992        Dr. Charles Andrew Crenshaw (d.2001) authored "JFK: Conspiracy of Silence." Dr. Crenshaw was a 3rd year intern at Dallas’ Parkland Memorial on Nov 22, 1963, when Pres. Kennedy was brought to the emergency room. Crenshaw insisted that Kennedy had 4 gunshot wounds.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A25)
1992        Barry Eichengreen, int’l. monetary historian, authored “Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939."
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.98)
1992        Dr. Helen Fisher wrote "Anatomy of Love."
    (SFEM, 2/9/97, p.27)
1992        Chuck Forrest and Mark Lowenthal authored “Secrets of the Jeopardy! Champions."
    (WSJ, 9/16/06, p.P10)
1992        Francis Fukuyama authored “The End of History and the Last Man."
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.85)
1992        David Gelernter, computer professor at Yale, authored “Mirror Worlds: or the Day Software Puts the Universe in a Shoebox...How It Will Happen and What It Will Mean." Today's small scale software programs are about to be joined by vast public software works that will revolutionize computing and transform society as a whole.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, SR p.3)(http://tinyurl.com/26tnnfb)
1992        Al Gore authored "Earth in the Balance." The book explains the world's ecological predicament and describes a range of policies to deal with the most pressing problems. It includes a proposed "Global Marshall Plan" to address current ecological issues.
1992        Wavy Gravy (Hugh Romney) published his autobiography "Something Good for a Change."
    (WSJ, 7/27/99, p.A21)
1992        Kathy Keeton Guccione (d.1997 at 58), associate founder of Penthouse Magazine, wrote "Longevity: The Science of Staying Young."
    (SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)
1992        Yuko Iwanami, the granddaughter of Hideki Tojo, published "My Grandfather Hideki Tojo."
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A15)
1992        Stephen King published "Dolores Claiborne," the best selling fiction hardback of the year (1.3 mil. copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)
1992        William Kittredge of Oregon authored "Hole in the Sky." It was a memoir on the destruction of habitat.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.12)
1992        David Landau (1947-2015), Israeli journalist, authored “Piety and Power: The World of Jewish Fundamentalism."
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.42)
1992        Rush Limbaugh published "The Way Things Ought To Be," the best selling nonfiction book of the year (2.1 mil copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)
1992        Reeve Lindbergh, the youngest daughter of Charles and Anne Lindbergh, authored quasi-autobiographical novel "The Names of the Mountains."
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)
1992        Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel Prize (1988) winning Egyptian author, published his novel "Sugar Street." It was the most political and last book of his “Cairo Trilogy."
    (WSJ, 9/1/07, p.P9)
1992        James Mason of the American Nazi Party authored "Siege," a guide to violent revolution. It had little impact on publication, but was later re-discovered by neo-Nazis.
    (Econ., 2/20/21, p.25)
1992        Cormac McCarthy won a National Book Award for his novel “All the Pretty Horses." It was about an ill-starred trek across the Mexican border by 3 Texas boys in 1948.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.75)
1992        James Michener wrote "James A. Michener’s Writer’s Handbook," his novel "Mexico" and "My Lost Mexico."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)
1992        Prof. Kenneth Norris won the John Burroughs Medal for his book "Dolphin Days: The Life and Times of the Spinner Dolphin."
    (SFC, 8/31/98, p.A22)
1992        Henry Petroski published "The Evolution of Useful Things."
    (WSJ, 7/26/99, p.A22)
1992        Riki Robbins (d.2000 at 58), a relationships expert, authored "the Empowered Woman."
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.D5)
1992        Juliet Schor authored the best seller “The Overworked American."
    (Econ, 2/4/06, p.28)
1992        Adam Ward Seligman (d. 1999 at 37) published his novel "Echolalia." He had suffered from Tourette's syndrome.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A25)
1992        Amartya Sen, philosopher and economist from India, published his book: "Inequality Reexamined." Sen won the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A22)
1992        Richard C. Sinopoli (d.1997) published "The Foundations of American Citizenship." It was hailed as the best book on political theory in this year.
    (SFC, 5/9/97, p.E5)
1992        Edmundo Paz Soldan authored his novel “Turing’s Delirium." It won the Bolivian National Book Award and in 2006 appeared in English translated by Lisa Carter.
    (SSFC, 7/9/06, p.M3)
1992        Peter Stackpole (d.1997 at 83) published "Peter Stackpole: Life in Hollywood, 1936-1952." It included 250 photographs of Hollywood figures that he took as Life Magazine’s man in Hollywood.
    (SFC, 5/14/97, p.A22)
1992        Telford Taylor (d. 1998 at 90) published "Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials." He helped write the rules for the prosecution of the war criminals and became the trial’s chief prosecutor.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.B2)
1992        Terry Todd authored “A History of the Use of Anabolic Steroids in Sports."
    (WSJ, 8/7/06, p.B1)
1992        Robert James Waller (1939-2017) authored the romance novel “The Bridges of Madison County." The book turned Madison County, Iowa, into a tourist attraction. It was produced as a movie in 1995 with Meryl Streep and Clint Eastwood and grossed $182 million worldwide.
    (SSFC, 3/12/17, p.A11)
1992        Walter Wriston, former CEO of Citibank, wrote "The Twilight of Sovereignty: How the Information Revolution Is Transforming the World."
    (Wired, 10/96, p.142)
1992        Harry Wu, Chinese human rights activist and writer, published his "Laogai, The Chinese Gulag."
    (SFC, 5/19/96, Zone 1, p.3)

1992        The "English Patient" by Michael Ondaatje, born in Sri Lanka, became the first Canadian novel to win the Booker Prize.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C15)

1992        Neal Stephenson published "Snow Crash." It focused on new technology and depicted a virtual bar for Avatars and an all-knowing Librarian that answers all spoken questions with educated, plain-English answers.
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.R12)

1992        The Stephen Sondheim theater piece "Putting it Together" was staged at the Manhattan Theater Club. It was based on 40 songs and fragments from earlier work.
    (WSJ, 11/28/97, p.A8)

1992        Barry Unsworth, writer, won the British Booker prize for his novel: "Sacred Hunger," a narrative based on the slave trade. Other of his novels include "Stone Virgin" (1985), "The Rage of the Vulture" (1982), and a new novel "Morality Play" in (1995).
    (WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-16)

1992        Andre Weil (1906-1998), brother of philosopher Simone Weil, authored "The Apprenticeship of a Mathematician."
    (WSJ, 4/9/03, p.D10)

1992        Daniel Yergin authored "The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money and Power."
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.E6)

1992        The CBS TV show "Middle Ages" was about a middle-aged traveling salesman. It lasted less than a month.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)

1992        The NBC TV news program "Dateline" began.
    (SFC, 6/2/97, p.D1)

1992        The TV show Cosby, a blockbuster sitcom through the 80s, ended in April.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, DB p.38)

1992        Time-Warner distributed the song "Cop Killer" by rapper Ice-T.
    (WSJ, 6/21/96, p.B1)

1992        The rock group Metallica released "The Black Album." It sold over 20 million copies.
    (SFEC,11/16/97, DB p.42)

1992        The Five Keys singing group was inducted into the Doo-Wop Hall of Fame. Rudy West, one of the original founders died in 1998 at age 65. Their 1950s hits included "The Glory of Love" and "Ling, Ting’ Tong."
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A21)

1992        Country singer George Jones was elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame. His fans voted his song "He Stopped Loving Her Today" as the most popular country song of all time.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A7)

1992        The Birmingham Civil Rights Institute was begun.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, Z1 p.4)

1992        The "heresy" of Galileo was pardoned by the Catholic Church.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, BR p.8)

1992        Debbie Stoller, Marcelle Karp and Laurie Henzel created their Bust magazine in NYC. In 1999 they published "The Bust Guide to the New Girl Order."
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, BR p.5)

1992        The south Texas town of Hidalgo erected a 20-foot statue of a bee and dubbed itself the Killer Bee Capital of the World. Tourists came to see it.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.41)

1992        Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen founded Interval Research. It was intended to reproduce the innovative dynamism of Xerox PARC. Interval Research closed down in 2000 after seven of its start-ups failed.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, TQ p.25)
1992        The Kentucky Derby was won by Lil E. Tee.
    (WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A16)

1992        Jan Mitchell established the Eric Mitchell Prize, after his late son, for "an outstanding first book." It funded a $5,000 annual prize for an outstanding first book.
    (WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A20)

1992        Author Wallace Stegner and composer Stephen Sondheim rejected the US government National Medal for the Arts award due to government censorship and cutbacks in the arts.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)

1992        The Nobel Prize in economics was awarded to Gary S. Becker (1930-2014) of Stanford’s Hoover Inst. for "having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behavior and interaction, including non-market behavior." A collection of his essays from Business Week was published in 1996 as: "The Economics of Life." Also published was his new book "Accounting for Tastes."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Becker)(WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.75)
1992        The Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to Edwin G. Krebs of the US and Edmund H. Fischer (US & Switz.) for discoveries concerning the process of reversible protein phosphorylation that helped explain how imbalances in cells caused diseases.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)

1992        David Ifshin, a friend of Bill Clinton, advised the Clintons to respond to Jeff Gerth’s New York Times queries about Whitewater by letting it all hang out.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A18)

1992        The US Congress banned Indonesia from receiving Pentagon training under the IMET Program (Int’l. Military Education and Training).
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.B10)

1992        The US Pentagon began training Indonesian military forces, including the Kopassus commando unit under the 1991 JCET program (Joint Combined Exchange and Training).
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.B2,10)

1992        Alabama Governor Guy Hunt was indicted for looting his tax-exempt inaugural fund to pay off personal debts.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A2)

1992        A US Senate report linked the Sun Yee On triad to criminal organizations in Canada, the Dominican Republic, and 7 US cities including SF. The report stated that the syndicate was in outright control of the entertainment industry in Hong Kong.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A7)

1992        The Iran-Iraq Arms Non-proliferation Act, aka the Gore-McCain Act, was sponsored by Sen. Al Gore and Sen. John McCain.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A14)

1992        Pres. Bush appointed Daniel Goldin (51) as head of NASA. Goldin retired in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.C4)

1992        The Rand think tank in Santa Monica first proposed the use of miniature flying vehicles of military purposes. Development of micro air vehicles (MAVs) soon followed.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B7)

1992        Congress tightened the rules on phone sex lines and much of the traffic shifted to the Caribbean. The Dominican Republic became a center for sex-line activity.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A12)

1992        The Energy Policy Act laid the groundwork for deregulating the wholesale electricity market in the US.
    (WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)
1992        The Energy Star Scheme began in the US. It identified devices that met particular standards for energy efficiency with a special logo.
    (Econ, 3/11/06, Survey p.36)

1992        The Family and Medical Leave Act was passed by the US Congress.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.3)

1992        The US federal Clean Air Act required that cities with the worst carbon monoxide problems use a clean-fuel gas in the winter to cut pollution. MTBE was used to comply with act.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.A14)

1992        US federal law outlawed the commercial fishing of Coho salmon off the Pacific coast.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A15)

1992        The Monterey Bay in California was designated as a National Marine Sanctuary.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)

1992        Tennessee Judge David Lanier was convicted of violating the civil rights of 5 women at his courthouse in Dyersburg. He began his prison sentence in 1993 but was set free by an appeals court in 1995. In 1997 he fled to Mexico and was arrested after two months in Mexico.
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A6)

1992        John Huang, an employee of the Indonesian-based Lippo Group, authorized a $50,000 check to the Democrats and then sought reimbursement from company headquarters in Jakarta. In 1994 he served in the US Commerce Dept. and in 1996 as a Democratic Party fund raiser among Asian-Americans.
    (SFC, 7/17/97, p.A1)(SFC, 7/17/97, p.A5)

1992        Angel Francisco Breard of Paraguay was convicted in the murder of Ruth Dickie in Arlington, Va. The consulate of Paraguay was not notified and the death sentence of Breard was under int’l. attention in 1998 for treaty violations. Breard was executed Apr 14,1998.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.A3)(SFC, 4/15/98, p.A3)

1992        The US set up the Iraqi National Congress (INC) in Irbil, northern Iraq, as an alternative to the regime of Saddam Hussein. It was founded with CIA support in Vienna as a umbrella group for the Iraqi opposition. In 1999 it was led by Ahmed Chalabi.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, p.A13)(USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)(WSJ, 8/13/02, p.A1)

1992        The US began placing CIA spies among UN weapons inspectors only a year after the end of the Gulf War.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A9)

1992        Former US Marine captain Scott Ritter turned over evidence that Iraq’s Scud missile sites were not destroyed during the Gulf War.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.C3)

1992        US Representative Joseph McDade, 2nd ranking Republican on the House Appropriations Committee, was indicted on 5 counts of bribery, conspiracy and racketeering. His trial only got underway in 1996.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A12)

1992        The 1,000-foot aircraft carrier USS Midway was decommissioned. In 2004 it opened as a museum in San Diego. It began service in 1945.
    (SFC, 12/29/03, p.A9)

1992        The Virgil Earp law in Tombstone, Arizona, was repealed on the grounds that it was superceded by state law that allowed people to carry guns without a permit.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A3)

1992        Colorado voters amended the state constitution and passed a taxpayer’s bill of rights (TABOR). It pegged government spending to the growth in population and consumer spending. Voters agreed to relax it in 2000 and 2005 after it almost bankrupted the state.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.40)(Econ, 11/3/07, p.39)

1992        The Mdewakanton Dakota Indians opened their Mystic Lake casino complex on their 248 acres of tribal land in Minnesota.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A1,6)

1992        The Foxwoods Casino, the biggest gaming complex in the Western Hemisphere, opened on the Pequot Reservation at Mashantucket, Conn. The number of Pequots numbered about 550. In 2001 Kim Isaac Eisler authored "Revenge of the Pequots."
    {Amerindian, USA}
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A20)

1992        The global digital spectrum went up for auction. Frequencies were allocated by the Int’l. Telecommunications Union.
    (Wired, 2/98, p.59)

1992        Magdalena Ruiz Pelayo was convicted of drug trafficking in Newark, New Jersey. From 1982 she had worked as the private secretary to Raul Salinas Lozano, father Pres. Carlos Salinas. She later told US authorities that Salinas Lozano was a leading figure in narcotics dealings that also involved his son, Raul, and his son-in-law, Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu (assassinated in 1994). She claimed to have been present on occasions when drug traffickers handed millions over to Mexican officials.
    (SFC, 2/26/97, p.A6)(WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A9)

1992        The US federal government began to require medical personnel to wear protective equipment against blood-borne viruses.
    (WSJ, 7/29/96, p.B7)

1992        The US and Europe reached a bilateral pact on commercial jets. It limited European direct subsidies to Airbus and indirect US aid for Boeing. EU aid to Airbus was limited to a third of development costs and Boeing government subsidies to 4% of its turnover. The truce ended in 1998 as Airbus approached 50% of the market.
    (WSJ, 1/24/00, p.A3)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.59)

1992        About 308 tons of cocaine was seized worldwide by officials, according to the US Drug Enforcement Administration.           
    (NG, Jan. 94, p.145)

1992        Terry Sanford (d.1998 at 80) of North Carolina lost his bid for a 2nd term in the US Senate to Lauch Faircloth, a former state Commerce Secretary.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.C6)

1992        John Taylor, a White House advisor, proposed a rule for the Federal Reserve Board to use in setting interest rates. The Taylor rule says: If inflation is one percentage point above the Fed's goal, rates should rise by 1.5 percentage points. If an economy's total output is one percentage point below its full capacity, rates should fall by half a percentage point.
    (WSJ, 2/7/00, p.B1)

1992        Mark Whitacre blew the whistle on a global conspiracy to fix the price of lysine, an animal feed additive. His story inspired the film “The Informant" (2009).
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.67)

1992        The US Environmental Protection Agency began requiring auto technicians to be certified to buy Freon. This was after 50 countries agreed to ban Freon, which contained CFCs, after 1995 due to the disappearance of ozone from the atmosphere. Another 105 developing countries agreed to ban CFCs by 2010.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p. B1,7)

1992        The federal Central Valley Project Improvement Act was designed to end litigation that had characterized California’s water policies for decades. It empowered a joint state and federal agency, CalFed, on a program of environmental restoration in the Central Valley, the delta, and SF Bay.
    (SSFC, 10/23/05, p.A17)

1992        Marvin Runyon (d.2004), former auto executive, took over as head of the US Postal Service and served until 1998. He trimmed 23,000 management jobs and added letter carriers to improve service.
    (SFC, 5/4/04, p.B7)

1992        The Audio Home Recording Act restricted the use of digital-recording tools and required makers of blank tapes an other copying devices to contribute to a royalty pool for musicians.
    (SFC, 4/8/02, p.E1)

1992        Kirk Fordice (1934-2004) began serving 2 terms as governor of Mississippi.
    (WSJ, 9/7/04, p.A1)

1992        At least 11 deaths at Truman Memorial Hospital in Columbia, Mo., were later thought suspicious. In 2002 Richard A. Williams, a former nurse, was arrested and charged with murder. Williams was released in 2003 due to flawed evidence.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A5)(SFC, 8/7/03, p.A3)

1992        Casinos began appearing in Tunica, Miss., not long after the state authorized gambling in counties adjacent to the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast. A 12% state tax included 4% for local use.
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.A3)

1992        The Washington Post blew the lid on a Congressional escape hatch, code-named Caspar, built beneath the Greenbrier resort in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. The site was soon closed and later became a tourist attraction.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.71)

1992        Eddie Antar, founder of the Crazy Eddie electronic retail chain was nabbed in Israel and sent to a US prison.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,8)

1992        Ron Carey began his efforts to clean up the US Teamsters Union.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A3)

1992        Salvatore (Sammy the Bull) Gravano took the witness stand and testified against his Mafia boss, John Gotti. Gotti went to jail for life and Gravano served 5 years and went undercover in a federal witness protection program. He identified Vincent Gigante as the head of the Genovese crime family. In 1997 Peter Maas published his interviews with Gravano in his book "Underboss."
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, Par p.6)(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A80)

1992        Members of the militia group called the Minnesota Patriots Council plotted to kill law enforcement officials with ricin, a lethal toxin extracted from the castor bean. Two men were arrested in the plot.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)

1992        Weakened by troubled real estate loans, Dollar Dry Dock Bank of White Plains NY closed. Its accounts were acquired by Emigrant Savings Bank of NYC.
    (NYT, 6/7/96, p.B14)

1992        The Michelangelo computer virus threatened computer systems around the world. It was designed to lodge itself into a corner of the system and infect any floppies put into the system, and to eventually mangle the hard drive.
    (Sp., 5/96, p.68)

1992        America Online, a popular Internet company, went public.
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)

1992        Steve Feinberg (b.1960) teamed up with William L. Richter to found Cerberus Capital Management with just $10 million under management. Cerberus was founded as a hedge fund that traded in distressed debt. It was named for the mythological three-headed dog that guarded the gates of Hades.
    (Econ, 7/31/10, p.60)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Feinberg)

1992        C. Michael Armstrong took over as head of Hughes Electronics. He built it into the largest US satellite-TV service. In 1997 he was named head of AT&T and in 2002 he was named head of Comcast. In 2004 Armstrong announced he would step down as head of Comcast.
    (WSJ, 5/26/04, p.A1)

1992        The California Wellness Foundation was established to improve the health of state residents. It focused on inner-city violence as a preventable health problem.
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.A14)
1992        In California John Bryant founded Operation Hope in the aftermath of the LA riots to give poor people a hand in with financial education, advice and basic banking.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.73)
1992        In Los Angeles Father Greg Boyle, a Jesuit priest, founded Homeboy Industries, with the motto Nothing strops a bullet like a job." It began in 1988 as a job training program for former gang members.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeboy_Industries)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.32)
1992        San Francisco-based Bank of America acquired Security Pacific Corp.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1992        San Francisco’s Belt Line shut down. The rail system, which began in the 1880’s, moved freight from the docks for transshipment by rail.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A2)
1992        The Fetzer family sold the Fetzer Vineyards brand and its Hopland wine-making facility to Brown-Forman for a reported $80 million. As part of the deal 11 Fetzer siblings were prohibited from making any kind of beverage for sale for 8 years. Sidney Goldstein (d.2008 at 61), author of “The Wine Lover’s Cookbook" (1999), served for many years as the food and wine concepts director at Fetzer Vineyards.
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.D3)(SFC, 12/9/04, p.F3)(SSFC, 10/5/08, p.B7)

1992        Lanai, Hawaii, had its last pineapple harvest.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.D6)

1992        In Virginia at least 11 people were killed in a 45-day period, all at the hands of gang members who eliminated anyone they thought would get in the way of their growing crack cocaine business. Corey Johnson was later sentenced to death in connection with seven of the slayings. On Jan. 14, 2021, Johnson was scheduled to die at the federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana.
    (AP, 1/13/20)

1992        GM ousted Stempel in  favor of Jack Smith.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1992        Lee Iacocca was forced to retire from Chrysler. He was succeeded by Robert Eaton.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1992        Kalpana Inc. shipped its first Ethernet switches. The switches allowed network users more privacy and access to the Ethernet’s full 10 million bits per sec. data rate. The company was bought by Cisco systems in 1994 for $207 million.

1992        Internews, an American non-profit organization dedicated to developing private TV in Russia with headquarters in Humboldt County, Ca., established a Moscow office.
    (Wired, Dec., '95, p.82)

1992        Macy’s, a Manhattan based retail chain, filed for bankruptcy.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/k6664)

1992        Nike Corp. established a code of conduct for its suppliers. In 1996 it created the Apparel Industry Partnership, which drew up a code of conduct for factories, and in 1999 evolved into the Fair Labor Association (FLA).
    (Econ, 3/31/12, p.73)

1992        The leveraged buyout firm of Thomas H. Lee bought the Snapple juice and tea company for $135 million. In 1994 he sold it to Quaker Oats for $1.7 billion.
    (WSJ, 12/3/08, p.C1)

1992        Olympia & York, a property development company, went bankrupt. It was controlled by the Reichmann family and its story is told by Anthony Bianco in his 1997 book "The Reichmanns."
    (WSJ, 1/28/97, p.A16)

1992        Steven Cohen (36) left Gruntal and launched SAC Capital Management LP, a hedge fund, with $20 million of his own money. In 2006 trading by SAC on an average day accounted for about 2% of overall stock market activity.
    (WSJ, 9/16/06, p.A6)

1992        The Turner Broadcasting System launched US cable TV’s Cartoon Network.
    (SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)

1992        The Humvee, High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle, was released for the civilian market by the AM General Corporation.
    (WSJ, 9/11/97, p.A13)

1992        The Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) was completed. It is a string of 10 25-meter radio telescopes that stretch from the Virgin Islands to Hawaii. They operate in the cm. radio wavelengths. Data from each station is merged through radio interferometry into a primary image whose angular resolution equals that of a single telescope nearly 5,000 miles in diameter.
    (Hem., 7/95, p.116)

1992        Internet domain registrations began (DNS). Network Solutions Inc. of Science Applications Int’l. was given the naming oversight in a contract with the National Science Foundation. America’s Dept. of Commerce created ICAAN, a non-profit corporation to run the DNS. Jon Postel (1943-1998), an American engineer, was assigned to head ICAAN, but he soon died.
    (WSJ, 6/5/97, p.B5)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.73)
1992        Network Solutions won a government contract to be the exclusive registrar of Internet addresses.
    (WSJ, 11/5/99, p.B5)
1992        Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf, creators of the TCP/IP Internet protocol, founded the Internet Society.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.33)

1992        Pfizer Corp. received FDA approval for the antibiotic Zithromax.
    (SFEC, 8/27/00, p.B4)

1992        Fen-phen, a combination of fenfluramine and phentermine, began to be prescribed for weight loss by American Home Products. A wrongful death suit due to pulmonary complications was filed in 1997. A class action suit later resulted with 300,000 plaintiffs. In 2001 Alicia Mundy authored "Dispensing with the Truth," story of how the cases developed.
    (WSJ, 5/10/01, p.A16)

1992        Karl Kehrle, aka Brother Adam (1898-1996), ended his bee research at the Buckfast Abbey southwest of London. The monastery insisted that the abbey’s apiaries were to be used for honey production and not research. He had developed the Buckfast Superbee, a breed widely regarded as the healthiest and most prolific honey producer. He also developed a breed resistant to acarine disease which had badly damaged honey production in the US.
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.C2)

1992        Autherine Lucy Foster (b.1929), wife of Rev. Hugh Foster, finally got a degree from the Univ. of Alabama, when she received a Master's in Education. She had been suspended from the school in 1956 due to campus safety issues relating to her race. Also in that graduating class was her daughter Grazia, who received a Bachelor's Degree in Corporate Finance.
    (NYT, 4/26/1992, p.43)

1992        The first charter school opened in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A1)

1992        The U of M Institute for Social Research (ISR) began its Health and Retirement study and the study of Assets and Health Dynamics, biannual surveys that tracked the health, wealth, work and family relationships of Americans over 50.
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)

1992        Scranton, Pa., entered Act 47, a state program that provides assistance to financially distressed cities.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.26)

1992        In Texas Dan and Fran Keller were convicted of sexually assaulting a 3-year-old after children in their day care told investigators of dismembered bodies, tortured pets and other fantastic tales. In 2017 the couple were slated to receive $3-4 million from the state for being wrongfully imprisoned for more than two decades.
    (SFC, 3/24/17, p.A5)

1992        In Vermont Fran Henry started the “Stop it Now" helpline service for child sex offenders. A British version followed a decade later.
    (Econ, 8/13/16, p.42)

1992        The American Professional Partnership for Lithuanian Education (APPLE) was organized.
    (BN, 10/97, p.6)

1992        Some 43 million crimes were committed in the US and 10.3 million of them were violent. Of the violent crimes 641,000 led to arrests and 165,000 to convictions (90% were plea-bargained) and 100,000 led to prison terms. The data is examined in 2 books by Michael Tonry titled: Sentencing Matters and Malign Neglect: Race, Crime, and Punishment in America.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-14)

1992        Texas executed 12 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1992        Countries including the US pledged to limit pollution emissions by the end of the decade to levels of 1990.
    (WSJ, 11/30/95, p.B-12)

1992        A team of investigators announced the discovery of he long lost Arabian city of Ubar, which had disappeared around the early 6th century. Geroge Hedges (1952-2009), a Hollywood litigator, and filmmaker Nicholas Clapp, participated in the find. Clapp later authored “The Road to Ubar: Finding the Atlantis of the Sands" (1999).
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.A12)

1992        Scientists at Novartis synthesized the compound that would become Gleevec (Glivec). It had been identified as promising compound for treating leukemia. In 2001, the FDA approved Gleevec for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

1992        The depletion of the ozone layer made headlines.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1992)
1992        Methyl bromide was added to the list chemicals in the 1987 Montreal Protocol, an international treaty dealing with ozone-destroying pollutants.
    (NYT, 10/8/04, p.A16)

1992        Kanatjan Alibekov, a director of Biopreparat, defected from Russia to the US. He reported that the Soviet agency ran a massive biological warfare development program with over 25,000 employees and had developed 52 biological agents before he left. He also reported that the agency had ballistic missile warheads loaded with plague, anthrax, and smallpox intended for delivery against American cities.
    (WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A22)

1992        A condor release program in Ventura County, Ca. failed when 4 birds had fatal collisions with power lines and one drank a lethal dose of antifreeze.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A8)

1992        Kingsley Ofosu, a Ghanaian dockworker, stowed away with his brother and 6 friends on a freighter in the hopes of reaching New York. When the ship reached Le Havre, France, Mr. Ofosu was the only stowaway alive. A film of the story was made for TV and shown on HBO in 1996.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)

1992        A US experimental Osprey military aircraft crashed and 7 men were killed. The Defense Dept. tried to cancel the plane in 1989 but Congress continued the program.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.A3)

1992        Robert Arneson (b.1930), Bay Area ceramic artist and sculptor, died. His "Yin and Yang" was installed across from the SF Ferry Building in 2003.
    (SFEM, 2/23/97, p.6)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.D1)

1992        Allan Bloom, political philosopher at the Univ. of Chicago, died. His books included "The Closing of the American Mind" and a translation of Plato’s "Republic." His "Love and Friendship" was published posthumously. In 2000 Saul Bellow authored the novel "Ravelstein" based on Bloom.
    (WSJ, 4/14/00, p.W11)

1992        David Bohn, physicist, died. He was considered by Einstein as his heir in quantum theory. He was accused of being involved with the Soviets and left the US to work in England. He wrote the book "Quantum Theory" based on his Princeton lecture notes.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, Z1 p.3)

1992        Elizabeth David (b.1913), nee Gwynne, died. Her 1950 work, "A Book of Mediterranean Food," changed British cuisine. In 2001 Artemis Cooper authored "Writing At the Kitchen Table: The Authorized Biography of Elizabeth David."
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, BR p.7)

1992        Herbert Hart (b.1907), legal philosopher at Oxford Univ., died. In 2004 Niccola Lacey authored “A Life of H.L.A. Hart: The Nightmare and the Noble Dream."
    (Econ, 12/4/04, p.84)

1992        Friedrich Hayek (b.1899), economist and 1974 Nobel Prize winner, died. His books included "The Road to Serfdom" (1944) and "The Challenge to Liberty" (1960). In 2001 Alan Ebenstein authored the biography "Friedrich Hayek."
    (WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A16)

1992        Max Lerner (b.1902), Russian-born American author, died. His work included "America as a Civilization." In 1998 Sanford Lakoff published the biography "Max Lerner: Pilgrim in a Promised Land."
    (WSJ, 11/10/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.6)

1992        Audre Lorde (b.1934), American influential black lesbian poet, died of cancer. In 1996 the TV documentary: "A Litany for Survival: The Life and Work of Audre Lorde was shown." In 2004 Alexis De Veaux authored "Warrior Poet: A biography of Audre Lorde."
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.B7)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.M2)

1992        Anthony Perkins (60), lead actor in the 1960 Hitchcock film Psycho, died of AIDS. His biography was written in 1996 by Charles Winecoff: Split Image, "The Life of Anthony Perkins."
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.B3)(SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.2)

1992        Purported British spy Ian Spiro was found dead in Anza-Borrego Desert State Park. His wife and 3 children had been found dead at their home in Rancho Santa Fe near San Diego three days earlier.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.A19)

1992        Nicola Zappetti, American gangster in Japan, died. He had told his story to Robert Whiting who published in 1999: "Tokyo Underworld: The Fast Times and Hard Life of an American Gangster in Japan."
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.B1)

1992        In Angola fighting between UNITA and the MPLA resumed when UNITA rejected its political defeat in the country’s first democratic elections. Jonas Savimbi, leader of UNITA, refused to accept defeat.
    (SFC, 4/12/97, p.A12)(SFC, 12/26/98, p.A12)
1992        Angola’s Pres. Jose Eduardo dos Santos and the MPLA beat Jonas Savimbi and UNITA in elections.
    (Econ, 9/4/04, p.48)
1992        The Angola food company, Angoalissar, was founded by local and int’l. investors.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, Angola p.5)

1992        Reynaldo Bignone Argentina's last military dictator (1982-1983) authored the memoir: "The Last De Facto".
    (SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C10)
1992        Argentina privatized its natural gas industry.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.40)
1992        Astor Piazzolla, Argentine Bandoneon player and composer, died. His albums included : “El Desbande" (1947), “The Vienna Concert" (1981), “Tango Zero Hour" (1986), “The Lausanne Concert" and “Five Tango Sensations" (1989), and “The Rough Dancer and the Cyclical Night."
    (BAAC, 1/96, p.4,5)(Esq., 5/91, p.60,61)

1992        Australia’s Keating government passed a law requiring workers to set aside big chunks of their income into a superannuation account for retirement. This began to create a huge national retirement pool.
    (WSJ, 12/6/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/28/11, SR p.6)
1992        Australia’s High Court accepted the concept of “native title," which struck down the doctrine of British settlers that the land they found was terra nullius (belonging to no one). The landmark Mabo decision resulted in legislative recognition of native title rights over some government-owned lands and years of acrimonious debate about the issue.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, Survey p.15)(AP, 1/30/08)(Econ, 5/28/11, SR p.11)
1992        In Australia the Labor government of Paul Keating introduced a policy of mandatory detention for asylum seekers, pending assessment of their claims.
    (Econ., 4/25/15, p.24) 

1992        Australia’s High Court made the sterilization of retarded girls illegal if not medically required, unless a court or tribunal approved it.
    (SFC,12/16/97, p.B3)
1992        The Australian wine firm Thomas Hardy & Sons merged with a rival to create BRL Hardy.
    (WSJ, 5/30/03, p.A3)

1992        Thomas Klestil (1933-2004) became president of Austria.
    (WSJ, 7/7/04, p.A1)

1992        In Azerbaijan Abulfez Elchibey, a pro-Turkish nationalist, came to power. Ayaz Mutalibov was deposed amid economic turmoil and losses in a war with Armenia.
    (WSJ, 7/21/98, p.A12)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A16)

1992        The Azerbaijanis under a new nationalist government tried to reconquer Nagorno-Karabakh, but were soon repulsed.
    (WSJ, 3/18/98, p.A18)

1992        Bangladesh began refusing refugee status to Rohingyas, a dark-skinned Muslim minority from Myanmar.
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.56)
1992        Harkat-ul Jihadi-e-Islami (HUJEI) was formed with funds from al-Qaeda with the goal of creating an Islamic state in Bangladesh.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)
1992        In Bangladesh a toxic paracetamol syrup produced by BCI Pharmaceuticals killed at least 76 children this year alone. Hundreds of children died from the syrup as they developed kidney diseases and other ailments after taking the medicine in the 1990s. In 2015 six officials of the dissolved company were sentenced to 10 years in prison. Five local companies, including BCI, were accused in the case.
    (AP, 8/17/15)

1992        In Bolivia Maria Galindo founded Mujeres Creando (Women Creating) in an effort to protest homophobia and the maltreatment of women.
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.28)

1992        In Bosnia Zeljko Raznatovic, aka Arkan, Serb paramilitary leader was involved in the seizure of the north-eastern Bosnian town of Bijeljina, that became a symbol of Serb atrocities.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-12)
1992        In Brcko, Bosnia,  Serb soldiers and militiamen conquered the town and expelled the Muslim and Croat population. As many as 7,000 unarmed captives were killed.
    (SFC, 2/15/97, p.A10,11)

1992        In the Bosporus a Lebanese vessel sank with a cargo of 13,000 sheep and goats.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A23)

1992        In Brazil Paulo Cesar Farias symbolized the corruption that led to the downfall of the Mello government. He was treasurer of Mello’s presidential campaign and allegedly took suitcases of cash out of the country on jets that belonged to his air taxi company.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)
1992        Brazil signed the American convention on Human Rights.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)
1992        In Brazil Guilherme de Padua, TV soap actor, was charged with the stabbing death of his co-star Daniela Perez. She was stabbed 18 times with scissors. He originally confessed but later claimed that his wife, Paula de Alameida Thomaz, carried out the stabbing in a fit of jealousy. The case finally came to trial in 1997. He was found guilty and sentenced to 19 years.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.C1)(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A15)
1992        Brazil’s steel industry was privatized.
    (USA Today, OW, 4/22/96, p.5)
1992        In Brazil Proheto Tiete was launched to clean up the San Paulo’s Tiete river. In 2006 Janes Jorge authored “The River the City Lost."
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.44)(http://tinyurl.com/426wywz)

1992        In Britain Prince Charles founded the London-based Institute of Architecture.
    (SFC, 8/8/97, p.A17)
1992        In Britain Glenda Jackson, actress, was elected to Parliament. Under Tony Blair in 1997 she was promoted to junior transport minister.
    (SFC, 8/3/98, p.A8)
1992        In England the Earth Liberation Front (ELF) emerged in Brighton through Earth Firsters who did not want to abandon the option of criminal acts to further their environmental goals.
    (SFC, 3/6/01, p.A2)
1992        Two bombs were exploded in Manchester, England that wounded 60 people.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A15)
1992        McLaren produced its first sports car, the F1. A total of 106 cars were produced between 1992 and 1998. The British McLaren F1 was designed and manufactured by Gordon Murray and McLaren Automotive. On March 31, 1998, it set the record for the fastest production car in the world, 240 mph (391 km/h).
1992        SmithKline Beecham, later know as GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), introduced Paxil, an antidepressant, and recommended it for depressed children. In 2003 the British government concluded that the drug had been misleadingly presented and that it made some children suicidal.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paroxetine)(Econ, 3/26/15, p.85)
1992        Francis Bacon (b.1909), British artist, died. In 1997 his biography was written by Michael Peppiatt: Francis Bacon: Anatomy of an Enigma. Bacon’s studio was later dismantled and replicated in Dublin. In 2001 John Edwards, Bacon’s companion, wrote a brief memoir accompanied by photos of the studio: "7 Reece Mews: Francis Bacon’s Studio."
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.6)(SSFC, 10/28/01, p.R6)
1992        Robert Thompson (b.1916), British military officer and counter-insurgency expert, died. His books included “War in Peace: An Analysis of Warfare Since 1945" (1981).

1992        In Bulgaria Communist leader Todor Zhivkov was convicted of embezzling state funds. He was freed in 1997.
    (WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A1)

1992        The Association of Cambodian Local Economic Development Agencies (ACLEDA) was set up by the UN and the Int’l. Labor Organization as a microfinance non-governmental organization. By 2010 it was Cambodia’s largest bank by assets.
    (Economist, 9/22/12, p.85)

1992        In Cameroon the re-election of Pres. Paul Biya was boycotted by the opposition and dismissed as bogus by int’l. observers.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)

1992        In Canada voters in the Northwest Territories agreed to the formation of an Inuit governed territory called Nunavut, which means "our land" in the Inuktitut language. The change would take effect Apr 1, 1999.
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.A10)
1992        Canada closed the Grand Banks off of Newfoundland to all cod fishing. The cod fishery had collapsed due to overfishing. By 2012 the fishery had still not recovered.
    (NH, 5/96, p.61)(Econ, 2/25/12, p.71)

1992        Hissene Habre, an autocrat from Chad, fled to Senegal with $11 million in loot.
    (WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)
1992        A commission set up in Chad accused Habre's regime of 40,000 political killings and 200,000 cases of torture.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
1992        An agreement was made on sharing water from Nubian sandstone aquifer system, the largest in the world, located under Chad, Egypt, Libya and Sudan.
    (Econ, 10/9/10, p.87)

1992        Doug Tompkins, founder of Esprit Corp., began purchasing a 762,000-acre property north of Valle Chacabuco, Chile. He named the area Pumalin park and opened it as a nature sanctuary. His townhouse and office building are located in the coastal city of Puerto Montt. The $60 million deal was concluded in 2001.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)(SFCM, 9/10/06, p.11)

1992        In China Li Hong-zhi founded the Falun Gong system of meditation and exercise. It was borrowed from qigong, a system of controlled breathing, martial arts, meditation and healing that was popular since the bans on cultural traditions were lifted in the late 1970s.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A13)
1992        Mou Qizhong, Chinese entrepreneur, stuffed 500 railroad cars with surplus pork, clothes and cheap electronic goods and sent them to Russia. He received 4 Tupelov 154 airplanes in exchange, which he sold to Sichuan Airlines and netted $11 million.
    (WSJ, 8/28/96, p.A1,4)
1992        Jiang Zemin, Chinese Communist Party leader, gave the go-ahead for a secret manned space program known as Project 921, with a target launch date of October 1999. Qi Faren, trained in Russia, was named chief spacecraft designer.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A14)(AP, 10/15/03)
1992        China issued a license to explore for oil in block WAB-21, 650 miles from its coast. This was the first time it claimed resources in the South China Sea, so far from its shore.
    (Econ, 1/24/15, p.36)
1992        China established diplomatic relations with Israel.
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.52)
1992        China, Russia and South Korea normalized relations that allowed for air-service agreements.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1992        Russian Pres. Boris Yeltsin visited China and signed a nuclear cooperation agreement.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.B2)
1992        China received Russian-designed Sukhoi-27 fighter airplanes.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A8)
1992        China’s Communist Party declared a “socialist market economy" as its goal.
    (Econ, 1/9/16, p.36)
1992        In the “1992 consensus" China and Taiwan’s ruling Koumintang party (KMT) affirmed the notion of one China though each held their own interpretation.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.34)
1992        China began to allow private firms and trading resumed on the Shanghai stockmarket. Closed since 1941 it had begun trading in the 1860s listing both domestic and foreign firms.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.69)(Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)
1992        Guo Guangchang (b.1967) and four graduates of Fudan University in Shanghai, co-founded  the Guangxin Technology Development Company, later the Fosun Group, a Chinese conglomerate and investment company.
1992        The China Construction Bank announced the nation’s first personal loans following efforts by Liu Chuanzhi, founder of Lenovo, to push a handful of employees into owning their own homes. In 2006 Ling Zhijun authored “The Lenovo Affair: The Growth of China’s Computer Giant and Its Takeover of IBM-PC.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.91)
1992        The Greater Mekong Subregion was created grouping 5 South-East Asian countries (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam) and 2 Chinese provinces.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Mekong_Subregion)

1992        Cuban poet Dulce Maria Loynaz (d.1997 at 94) won the prestigious Cervantes Award. She wrote the novel "Garden" between 1928 and 1935 in a style considered a precursor to "magical realism." It wasn’t published until the 1950s. Other works included "Lyric Works" (1935); "Verses" (1920-1938); "Love Letter for King Tutankhamen" (1953), "Collected Poems" (1984); "Bestiary" (1985) and "A Summer in Tenerife" (1987).
    (SFC, 4/29/97, p.A20)

1992        In the Czech Republic the Prague Center on National Democratic Decision-Making and Conflict Management was founded  with financing by the Levi Strauss Foundation of San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A3)

1992        Croatian Pres. Franjo Tudjman picked Mate Boban (d.7/7/97) to form an independent enclave of Bosnian Croats. It was called the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosna. Muslims and Serbs were purged and some of the worst concentration camps of the war were set up for Muslim civilians.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A15)

1992        In East Timor Rev. Richard Daschbach, a Catholic missionary, started the Topu Honis shelter. He later told visitors about defending the women and children living there and surrounding areas, sheltering them in a cave, and leading a ragtag group armed with spears to stave off attackers. In 2018 he was defrocked for sexual abuse.
    (AP, 4/8/21)

1992        Ecuador left OPEC, after nearly two decades of membership, with an outstanding debt of $5.7 million. In 2007 it planned to rejoin OPEC.
    (WSJ, 10/9/07, p.A11)
1992        Texaco quit drilling in Ecuador after nearly 30 years. It left behind a toxic dump of some 1.8 million gallons of spilled crude oil.
    (SFC, 5/1/03, A8)

1992        In Egypt the radio program "Nocturnal Confessions" began.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)

1992        In El Salvador the new US Embassy was completed. Plans for the structure had been drawn up in 1984.
    (SFEM,11/16/97, p.27)
1992        In El Salvador after the guerrillas  demobilized the Communist Party kept guerrilla leader Jose Louis Merino’s network of safe houses intact and continued to kidnap for ransom. In 2008 Merino, a dominant force in the FMLN, was implicated in helping Colombia’s FARC contact two Australia arms dealers.
    (WSJ, 8/28/08, p.A9)

1992        In Estonia Mart Laar (32) was sworn in as prime minister. The fiscal conservative led the 1992-94 and 1999-2002 governments.
    (AP, 4/10/03)
1992        Estonia revamped its intelligence service with a small British-trained unit.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.74)

1992        Customs barriers within the EU were abolished.
    (Econ, 4/8/17, p.48)
1992        Jacques Delors, president of the European Commission, almost scuppered the Uruguay round of world trade talks rather than cut farm spending.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.58)

1992        In Finland the Wife Carrying contest was initiated to revive a 200 year old tradition from when Ronkainen the Robber tested aspiring members of his gang by making them carry huge sacks on their backs through an obstacle course. Cash prizes and the wife’s weight in beer was awarded to the winners.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A2)

1992        In France Marc Sautet, philosophy professor and writer, started philosophy debates at the Cafe des Phares in Paris. Success encouraged him to export the idea of philosophy cafes around the world.
    (SFC, 4/21/97, p.A9)
1992        Foreign investors accounted for more than 20% of shareholdings in French companies, up from 12% in 1977.
    (WSJ, 10/17/95, A-20)
1992        Total, a France-based oil and gas company, was privatized. It was founded in 1924 as  the Compagnie française des pétroles (CFP).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_SE)(Econ., 12/12/20, p.68)

1992        In Georgia Eduard Shevardnadze, former Soviet foreign minister, was elected speaker of Parliament and the became the country's leader.
    (WSJ, 11/6/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 11/24/03, p.A11)
1992        In Tbilisi, Georgia, the central-heating system went out of service. Carbon-monoxide poisonings began as residents turned to wood and gas stoves.
    (AP, 2/5/05)

1992        The German Red Army urban guerrilla group abandoned violence.
    (SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-8)
1992        Germany imposed a new tax on investment income.
    (WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)
1992        In Germany chancellor Helmut Kohl’s conservative-centrist coalition set an annual quota of 225,000 for new arrivals in order to stem the rush from former Iron Curtain countries.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A11)
1992        In Germany Bremen and Saarland asked to be bailed out of economic difficulties.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.56)
1992        Elf-Aquitaine purchased the former East German Leuna refinery. It was later alleged that bribes totaling $44 million were paid by the French government to the German Social Democrats under Helmut Kohl.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.A6)

1992        In Ghana a ban on political parties was lifted and former president Hilla Limann formed the People’s National Convention Party. Limann ran for the presidency but finished a distant 3rd.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A22)
1992        In Ghana J.J. Rawlings was elected with 59% of the vote in disputed elections.
    (SFC, 12/6/96, p.B1)(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1992        Ghana’s Constitution was devised under the eye of J.J. Rawlings. It gave much power to the president and did little to separate the executive from the courts.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.77)

1992        Athens began construction on its Metro subway.
    (NG, 8/04, Geographica)
1992        Greece passed legislation forcing new entrants to the workforce and their employers to pay higher payroll taxes than those already employed.
    (Econ, 9/10/11, p.77)
1992        Thessaloniki, Greece was selected as the cultural capital of Europe.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A20)
1992        The National Marine Park of Alonissos, Greece, was established to protect the endangered Mediterranean monk seal.
    (SSFC, 2/14/04, p.D6)

1992        Fair and free elections were introduced in Guyana. Cheddi Jagan was elected president. The People’s Progressive Party-Civic (PPP-C), supported by the Indo-Guyanese, gained power following 28 years of rule by the rival People’s National Congress Reform (PNC-R), supported by most blacks.
    (WSJ, 9/25/96, p.A18)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.42)

1992        The Honduran government was forced to revoke a 40-year forest concession it had granted to a Chicago-based paper company, Stone Container, after thousands of Hondurans marched in protest.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)

1992        In Hong Kong Christopher Patten became the 28th British governor. He began electoral reforms that were denounced by China. He served to 1997 and in 1998 published "East and West: China, Power and the Future of Asia."
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, Parade p.14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)
1992        The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) bought Britain’s Midland Bank as part of a strategy of global expansion.
    (Econ, 12/4/10, p.71)

1992        Iceland left the Int’l. Whaling Commission when a resolution was passed to outlaw commercial whaling.
    (SFC, 5/10/97, p.A8)

1992        After hearing about his cutting-edge research on the brain and emotions through mutual friends, the Dalai Lama invited Richard Davidson, a University of Wisconsin-Madison neuroscientist, to his home in India to pose a question: Scientists often study depression, anxiety and fear, but why not devote your work to the causes of positive human qualities like happiness and compassion? In 2010 the Dalai Lama marked the opening of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the university's Waisman Center.
    (AP, 5/14/10)
1992        India’s central government approved a foreign owned power project. Enron Corp. was contracted to build the Dabhol Power Co. in Maharashtra state.
    (WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)
1992        Indian transplants in Silicon Valley founded The Indus Entrepreneurs (TIE). By 2009 the group had a network of 12,000 members and operated in 53 cities in 12 countries.
    (Econ, 3/14/09, SR p.4)
1992        Talwinder Singh Parmar, Sikh fundamentalist and alleged mastermind of the June 23, 1985, bombing of Air India Flight 182, was killed in a shootout with Indian police.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.46)
1992        In India Naresh Goyal founded Jet Airways. Etihad Aviation Group purchased a 24% stake in Jet Airways in 2013. In 2019 the company faced Bankruptcy.
    (AP, 4/16/19)

1992        The exiled opposition of Iraq was united under Ahmad Chalabi.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)

1992        Ireland’s Supreme Court ruling found abortion should be legalized for situations when the woman's life is at risk from continuing the pregnancy. However five following governments since have refused to pass a law resolving the confusion. In 2010 the European Court of Human Rights called on Ireland to clarify its abortion law.
    (AP, 11/14/12)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.43)

1992        In Northern Ireland Billy Wright (1960-1997) in an interview admitted that he had planned the killings of more than a dozen Catholics.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A10)

1992        An Italian court sentenced Marina Petrella, a member of the Red Brigades, in absentia to life in prison on charges including murder and kidnapping. In 2007 French police arrested Petrella for a petty crime and planned to extradite her to Italy. In 2008 a French court ordered her that she be freed from prison because of health problems.
    (AP, 8/23/07)(AP, 8/5/08)
1992        The Italian Mafia demanded that sentences passed against some 400 Mafiosi at a mass trial in 1987 be softened and that a law that imposed a harsh prison regime for Mafiosi be repealed. A list of 12 demands was written by written by the son of Salvatore "The Beast" Riina on a scrap of paper while his father was still at large during alleged secret negotiations between the state and the Mafia. The note was only made public in 2009.
    (Reuters, 10/19/09)

1992        In Japan Emp. Akihito opened a museum devoted to the art and poetry collections of past rulers on his palace grounds.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.E3)
1992        The government of Japan passed the PKO bill. The controversial legislation allowed troops to be sent abroad on peace-keeping missions.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)
1992        Japan passed a law that made it a crime to demand that a securities company return investment losses.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.D3)
1992        Japan passed an anti-mob law the clearly defined illegal behavior and penalized companies with yakuza ties. This led to the practice of using former policemen to replace yakuza for protection.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.45)
1992        Ling Ling (d.2008), a giant panda born at China's Beijing Zoo in 1985, came to Tokyo. He later traveled to Mexico three times for unsuccessful mating.
    (AP, 4/30/08)
1992        Juzo Itami, film director, was slashed in the face and seriously injured by Japanese mobsters upset over his unflattering portrayal of gangsters in a film.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)

1992        Jordan began allowing political parties.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1992        In Kenya the Dadaab camps Dagahaley, Hagadera and Ifo were constructed. Ifo camp was first settled by refugees from the civil war in Somalia, and later efforts were made by UNHCR to improve the camp. In 2016 Ben Rawlence authored “City of Thorns: Nine Lives in the World’s Largest Refugee Camp."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dadaab)(Econ, 1/23/16, p.78)
1992        In Kenya Rev. Angelo D’Agostino (1926-2006) founded the Nyumbani orphanage for children with HIV.
    (SFC, 11/22/06, p.B7)
1992        In Kenya in Rift Valley province state security forces stood by as the Kalenjin and Kikuyu tribes battled each other prior to the presidential elections. Ethnic Kikuyus, Luhyas and Luos, who supported the opposition, were attacked by members of Moi’s home province Kalenjin group.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)
1992        In Kenya Daniel arap Moi was re-elected with 36% of the vote.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, A8)
1992        In Kenya three Somali clans in the Wajir district -- the Ajuran, Ogaden and Degodia broke out into war after the elections. More than 2,000 people were killed.
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.D2)

1992        The US restored diplomatic ties with Laos.

1992        Rafik Hariri, billionaire businessman, led the reconstruction of Lebanon after taking office as Prime Minister. He hired a Cairo-based engineering firm to design a world-class financial center and a new airport.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(WSJ, 4/6/98, p.A1)

1992        In West Africa ULIMO, The United Movement of Liberia arose as a guerilla force to stop cooperation between Sierra Leone’s rebel leader Foday Sankoh and Charles Taylor.
    (SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)

1992        In Lithuania the Democratic Labor Party led by Algirdas Brazauskas took power. Unemployment, high-prices, and fuel shortage caused the electorate to return to power many former communists.
    (Compuserve, Online Encyclopedia)

1992        Radio Luxembourg went off the air as it lost listeners due to deregulation and commercial rivals. In 2008 it hoped to make a comeback using digital broadcasts.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, TQ p.8)

1992        In Madagascar mass demonstrations and civil service strikes led to a march on the palace by 100,000 people. The elite guard killed an estimated 100. Military ruler Rastiraka soon agreed to new elections that were won by Albert Zafy.
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A8,10)

1992        Malawi passed a moratorium on the death penalty.
    (AFP, 11/22/07)
1992        A major drought ravaged the small farmers of Malawi.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A25)

1992        In Malaysia a rare earths plant in northern Perak state was forced to shut down over protests from residents who blamed it for birth defects in nearby populations.
    (AFP, 2/26/12)
1992        Panama disease, caused by the fusarium fungus, mutated to a form capable of attacking the Cavendish variety of banana and wiped out plantations in Malaysia. The disease had previously destroyed the popular Gros Michel variety, which was left growing only in remote parts of Uganda and Jamaica.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.85)

1992        Gen. Amadou Toumani Toure introduced multi-party democracy in Mali.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.41)

1992        Mauritius launched itself as a financial center.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, SR p.6)

1992        Mexico’s Finance Minister Pedro Aspe finally cut off government funding of the PRI party late in 1992.
    (WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-11)
1992        Raul Salinas and Carlos Hank Rhon of Mexico set up an appointment with Citibank private banker Amy Elliot in New York to establish an account with Citibank for Mr. Salinas.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A1)
1992        In Cancun, Mexico, Ana Lucia Salazar (8) told her parents that Fernando Martínez Suárez, a priest from the Legion of Christ religious order, had digitally raped her. It was later learned that Legion founder Rev. Marcial Maciel had sexually abused at least 60 seminarians, fathered at least three children and built a secretive, cult-like order to cater to his whims and hide his double life. Martínez was one of nearly a dozen Legion priests who were childhood victims of the founder and went onto molest other minors. The multi-generational chain of abuse was only acknowledged by the Legion in late 2019.
    (AP, 1/19/20)

1992        Andrei Ivantoc, a member of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist authorities  of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania. The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was released in 2007.
    (AP, 6/2/07)

1992        In Nepal the region of Mustang was opened to visitors. It was only accessible by a week-long hike from the town of Jomsom along the Mustang River. Explorer and artist Robert Powell began visiting there and creating local paintings.
    (WSJ, 3/5/99, p.W10)
1992        Dwarika Das Shrestha, founder of Dwarika's Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, died.
    (SFEM, 9/17/00, p.94)

1992        In Nicaragua, Violeta Chamorro cancelled a 30-year forest concession with a Taiwanese company after a public outcry.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)
1992        In Nicaragua a slow earthquake was followed by a 7.2 earthquake.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)

1992        Kenneth Nnebue, a Nigerian trader based in Onitsha, shot a film called “Living in Bondage" to help sell a large stock of blank videocassettes that he had purchased from Taiwan. The film sold 750,000 copies and prompted imitators and the growth of a Nigerian film industry known as Nollywood. By 2006 Nigeria’s film industry employed about a million people.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.58)
1992        Commercial creditors forgave much of Nigeria’s debt.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.80)

1992        Rev. Billy Graham went to North Korea at the invitation of late North Korean President Kim Il Sung. Graham returned again in 1994.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

1992        In Norway the 1993 Oslo I peace accord was begun in 1992 following a research project on Palestinian living conditions by Terje Roed Larsen. Larsen arranged discussions between Uri Savir of Israel and Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala) for Palestine.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A21)
1992        Norway introduced a carbon tax in an effort to fight global warming.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.22)
1992        Norway dramatically cut top tax rates on both labor and capital income, from a 58% top income tax rate to 28%.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.84)
1992        In Norway the 1993 Oslo I peace accord was begun in 1992 following a research project on Palestinian living conditions by Terje Roed Larsen. Larsen arranged discussions between Uri Savir of Israel and Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala) for Palestine.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A21)
1992        Norway introduced a carbon tax in an effort to fight global warming.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.22)
1992        Norway’s 19th cent. Holmenkollen Chapel, often attended by the royal family, fell victim to arson.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1992        In Norway Varg "the Count" Vikernes murdered a rival Satanist leader and was sentenced to 21 years in prison. He was also involved in at least four cases of church arson.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)

1992        The Pakistan Cricket team led by Imran Khan won the World Cup Championship.
    (WSJ, 12/2/96, p.A1,8)
1992        In Pakistan the radical Islamic Movement for the Enforcement of Islam in English was founded.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A10)
1992        Ramzi Yousef, nephew of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed (Khaled Sheikh Mohammed), dispatched from Pakistan a childhood friend Abdul Hakim Murad to the US to begin plotting the 1st World Trade Center attack.
    (WSJ, 8/6/04, p.A6)
1992        In Pakistan a woman and her two children were killed in an alleged robbery attempt. Gulam Mustafa was convicted in the case, but was later pardoned by the family. Aftab Bahadur (15) was also convicted and sentenced to death. In 2015 two witnesses in the case recanted their statement and declared Bahadur innocent. On June 10, 2015 Bahadur was hanged in Lahore’s Kot Lakhpat Jail.
    (SFC, 6/11/15, p.A6)

1992        Paraguayan secret police archives first revealed the 1976 Condor Plan.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A16)

1992        In Peru the Shining Path guerilla leader Abimael Guzman was captured by police chief Ketin Vidal.
    (SFC, 9/17/96, p.A11)
1992        In Peru Victor Polay, chief of the Tupac Amaru guerrillas was captured.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A17)
1992        Former president Alan Garcia fled Peru to avoid arrest by the Fujimori regime. In 2008 Peru's Cabinet chief testified at the trial of former President Alberto Fujimori that security forces attempted to assassinate two-time President Alan Garcia in 1992, when Fujimori was running the country and Garcia was out of office.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.D4)(AP, 1/18/08)
1992        In Peru Lt. Col. Ollanta Humala commanded a jungle counterinsurgency base. In 2006 criminal complaints accused Humala, a contender in presidential elections, of forced disappearance, torture and attempted murder during his 1992 command.
    (AP, 2/17/06)
1992        Peru’s government sold rights to the country’s annual vicuna production to Loro Piana, an Italian textile manufacturer. Piana formed a consortium which agreed to pay around $400 a kilogram (about 2 pounds) for the vicuna fleece.
    (WSJ, 2/21/07, p.A14)
1992        China’s Shougang company bought an iron ore mine in Peru. This was China’s first investment in the region.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.20)

1992        Philippine Airlines was sold to tycoon Lucio Tan, but the government retained a 20% interest.
    (WSJ, 6/9/98, p.A14)

1992        In Puerto Rico two toddlers, ages 2 and 3, were killed. The mother of Eliezer Marquez Navedo (17) was convicted. She was sentenced to 26 years in prison but paroled for good behavior after seven. In 2009 Eliezer Marquez Navedo was charged with the murder of an American tourist.
    (AP, 2/26/09)

1992        In the Republic of the Congo Sassou-Nguesso relinquished power after an elections loss to Pascal Lissouba. He maintained a private militia known as the Cobras in his northern domain.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A12)

1992        Alexandre Konanykhine, a director of the Russian Exchange Bank, allegedly stole $8.1 mil through falsified financial transactions and fled the country with his wife. They were arrested in the US in 1996.
    (WP. 6/29/96, p.A1)

1992        Vice-Mayor Yuri Luzhkov was elected as Mayor of Moscow. Under his lead Moscow began acquiring stakes in privatized companies. By 2010 his wife had become the richest woman in Russia by means of her construction business. She denied that her success was related to her husband’s position.
    (WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A14)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.57)
1992        In Russia the tax police force was established to fight tax crime. A TV show based on their fictional exploits began production in 1998.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1992        In Russia the Golden ADA company was set up to export diamonds to the West. Yevgeny Bychkov, head of the Russian Committee on Precious Metals and Gems, arranged a $180 million shipment to Golden ADA. Andrei Kozlekov and associates sold the shipment and moved to San Francisco. Kozlekov was returned to Moscow in 1998 to face charges of stealing.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.B1)
1992        KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin walked into the British embassy in Riga with copies of intelligence files he had smuggled out of Russia. Mitrokhin defected to British intelligence and brought along 6 trunkfuls of KGB files. The pages of the “Mitrokhin Archive" were published in 1999.
    (SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A16)(Econ, 11/12/16, SR p.3)
1992        Russian reactionaries fought against the Soviet breakup and repulsed Moldova’s bid to hold on to Transdniestria. A civil war with Moldova left up to 700 people dead.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.52)(SSFC, 2/12/06, p.E2)

1992        In Saudi Arabia King Fahd decreed a basic law that for the 1st time outlined an institutional structure for the country. A law was passed that allowed the king to name any of his brothers or nephews as a successor, and to replace him at will.
    (WSJ, 9/25/02, p.A11)(Econ, 1/7/06, Survey p.6)

1992        Pierre Sane of Senegal became the secretary-general of Amnesty Int’l.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

1992        In Sierra Leone Valentine Strasser (25) took over rule in a coup, that toppled Pres. Joseph Momoh, and became the world’s youngest head of state.
    (WSJ, 1/17/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A9)(SFC, 7/25/02, p.A16)

1992        A UN arms embargo was imposed in Somalia.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

1992        In South Korea Chung Ju Yung, founder of Hyundai Group, formed his own political party and ran against Kim Young Sam.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A11)
1992        In South Korea Kim Young Sam won the presidency, the first democratically elected civilian in 32 years.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A1)
1992        The two Koreas agreed in a pact to continue talks to demarcate the sea border while respecting the Northern Limit Line (NLL) until a new border is set.
    (AP, 8/29/07)
1992        A South Korean sex worker was killed by an American soldier. In 2017 filmmaker Gina Kim brought the murder to life in "Bloodless," a 12-minute piece that won the award for best VR story at this year's Venice Film Festival.
    (AP, 10/1/17)

1992        In Spain the suspension bridge El Puente de las Oblatas was built over the Arga River.
    (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.C7)
1992        In Spain the Aceredo village in northwestern Galicia region was flooded to create the Alto Lindoso reservoir. In 2022 the ghost village began emerging as drought nearly emptied the dam on the Spanish-Portuguese border.
    (Reuters, 2/11/22)
1992        Spain signed accords with Islamic, Jewish and Protestant representatives.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.46)
1992        Leaders of the Basque Separatist Group (ETA) were captured. The acronym stands for Basque Homeland and Liberty.
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-6)
1992        Spain opened its first high-speed rail line, the Alta Velocidad Espanola (AVE), between Madrid and Seville.
    (WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A12)
1992        Eduardo Barreiros (b.1919), Spanish businessman, died in Havana. He was Spain’s most important businessman during the middle years of the Franco dictatorship. In 2009 Hugh Thomas authored “Eduardo Barreiros and the Recovery of Spain."
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.90)(www.history.ac.uk/ihr/Resources/Books/yale.html)

1992        In Sudan a Public Order Act was first passed by al-Bashir’s Islamist government and enforced only in the capital, Khartoum, before being applied nationwide four years later. The Shariah-inspired law criminalized a wide range of individual behavior including revealing clothing and drinking alcohol. Those convicted of violating the act could face prison sentences, fines, lashing and confiscation of property.
    (AP, 11/29/19)

1992        Sweden rescued its banking system pushing its gross public debt up to 73% of its GDP from 55% a year earlier. Sweden set up 2 bad banks to handle the crummier assets of Nordbanken and Gota Bank, which were nationalized. The eventual cost of the bailout was kept under 2% of GDP. Nordbanken was partly refloated in 1995, but the state remained its largest shareholder. In 2001 Nordbanken was combined with Danish, Norwegian and Finnish lenders to create Nordea.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.100)(Econ, 11/29/08, p.76)(Econ, 5/16/09, SR p.5)(Econ 5/6/17, SR p.15)

1992        Switzerland outlawed capital punishment for the Swiss military.
    (SFC, 7/20/12, p.A2)
1992        In Zurich, Switzerland, a festival was begun known as the Street Parade to celebrate techno music under the motto: "Love, peace and tolerance." From 2,000 people at the first event it grew to some 400,000 by 1997.
    (SFC, 8/18/97, p.E4)
1992        Scientists at Novartis synthesized the compound that would become Gleevec (Glivec). It had been identified as promising compound for treating leukemia. In 2001, the US FDA approved Gleevec for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

1992        Syria’s Pres. Assad allowed many Syrian Jews to travel abroad freely after nearly 45 years of official prohibition from leaving the country.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A8)

1992        Civil war and fighting between Tajikistan’s Russian-backed government and rebels began. It lasted to 1997.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C5)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.D2)

1992        Tunisia’s Pres. Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali banned the Islamist Ennahda party.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)

1992        Turkey organized a regional alphabet congress and academics agreed to a 34-character Latin alphabet based on Turkish script.
    (WSJ, 10/24/00, p.A12)

1992        Turkey’s Pres. Turgut Ozal (d.1993) envisioned the Black Sea as a zone of peace and cooperation. This led to the formation of the Istanbul-based organization for Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.54)

1992        In Turkmenistan Saparmurad Niyazov was elected president. He suppressed opponents, restricted free speech and controlled all branches of government.
    (SFC, 11/8/96, p.A14)

1992        Uganda liberalized its coffee industry.
    (Econ, 3/26/15, p.81)
1992        In Uganda the Foundation for Int’l. Community Assistance (FINCA) Banking on the Poor, based in Washington, began working. It made small loans to women who began small businesses.
    (SFC, 3/24/98, p.A12)
1992        In Uganda the Lord’s Resistance led by Joseph Kony began kidnapping boys and girls to act as laborers, sex slaves and fighters.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.A17)

1992        The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate separated from the Russian Orthodox Church following Ukraine's independence.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)
1992        Sevastopol was opened to the outside world.
    (SFC,12/190/97, p.F6)

1992        UNESCO established the Memory of the World Program.

1992        Pope John Paul II founded the Mater Ecclesia convent as a prayerful counterweight to the worldliness of the Roman Curia.
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.61)

1992        In Venezuela Irene Saez, the Miss Universe of 1981, was elected mayor of Chacao. By 1997 she was being considered for national leadership.
    (SFC, 8/19/97, p.A8)
1992        In Venezuela Victor Vargas sold a small bank he helped for to Banco Latino, one of Venezuela’s biggest banks. In 1994 Banco Latino collapsed as a run on deposits exposed questionable loans.
    (WSJ, 1/29/08, p.A14)

1992        In Yemen 2 hotel bombs directed at US servicemen killed 2 Australians. The bombing was later linked to Osama bin Laden, the scion of a wealthy Saudi family. He was stripped of his Saudi citizenship in 1994.
    (SFC, 8/14/96, p.A10,12)

1992-1993    In the US an AMA study showed that doctors in group practice began to outnumber solo practitioners about this time.
    (WSJ, 8/21/96, p.A1)

1992-1993    Bosnian Croats attacked the Lasva Valley area of central Bosnia. In 1996 nine men were charged with war crimes by the UN tribunal on war crimes. 3 Bosnian Croats were later released for insufficient evidence.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A13)(SFC,12/20/97, p.A10)

1992-1993    Separatists in the northwestern province of Abkhazia took over control by war. War between Abkhaz forces and Georgians killed 10,000 and left the Black Sea region as a de facto independent but unrecognized state. In the siege of Sukhumi Abkhaz rebels encircled the capital of the region.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A10)(SFC, 5/26/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 11/18/06, p.P11)

1992-1993    In Vietnam Nguyen Dinh Huy founded the "Movement to Unite the People and Build Democracy" after 7 years in prison for opposing communist rule. He was arrested 6 months after release and was tried in 1995 and convicted of subversion.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.A17)

1992-1994    Major Gen'l. Stanislav Galic led the Bosnian Serb Sarayevo Romanija Corps. In 1999 Ganic was captured by NATO SFOR troops for war crimes. In 2003 Gen. Galic was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.A16)(SFC, 12/6/03, p.A11)

1992-1994    Emmanuel Constant was a paid agent of the US CIA in Haiti.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)

1992-1994    Croat Gen. Tihomir Blaskic ordered a series of attacks on Muslim villagers in Bosnia as his forces tried to secure the area for Croatia. In 2000 a UN Tribunal sentenced Blaskic to 45 years in prison for war crimes. In 2004 the sentence was reduced to 9 years.
    (SFC, 3/4/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A1)

1992-1994    In Mexico bank records showed that Raul Salinas de Gortari made more than 150 cash deposits totaling $80 million in the Mexico City branch Banca Cremi.
    (WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A1)

1992-1994    In Mexico the Fund for Bank Savings Protection (Fobaproa) was set up. It was used to absorb bad loans as the country’s banks were being privatized.
    (SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A13)

1992-1994    In Somalia Italian Warrant Officer Francesco Aloi kept a diary while on duty and documented instances of rape, torture and other brutality against the Somalis.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A10)

1992-1994    Russia's Alexander Lebed commanded troops in Moldova’s break-away region of Transdniestria, where ethnic conflict rose between the Moldovan government and Slav separatists. He ended the bloodshed there.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, A18)

1992-1995    Teenage drug use doubled over this period.
    (WSJ, 8/21/96, p.A1)

1992-1995    In the Pacific Northwest a series of arson fires at abortion clinics that caused over $1 million in damage was later attributed to Richard Thomas Andrews of Wenatchee, Wa. Andrews was arrested Jun 26, 1996 and pleaded guilty in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, p.A7)

1992-1995    In 2000 Joe Sacco published "Safe Area Gorazde: The War in Eastern Bosnia 1992-1995," a comic book reportage on the breakup of Yugoslavia.
    (SFEC, 7/2/00, BR p.4)
1992-1995    Gen'l. Momir Talic of Bosnia commanded the 1st Krajina Corps. Talic and Radoslav Brdjanin planned and ordered a terror offensive early in the war that killed hundreds of Muslims and Croats and forced thousands to flee Prijedor a d Sanski. Talic was arrested in Austria in 1999 on a secret UN war crimes indictment. Both men pleaded not guilty to 12 counts of genocide at the Hague. During the 3 ½ years of war some 200,000 Bosnians were dead or missing and an estimated 20,000 women were raped. In 2004 Brdjanin was convicted on 8 of 12 charges and sentenced to 32 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/26/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)(SFC, 3/30/00, p.A18)(SFC, 9/2/04, p.A11)
1992-1995    The war between Bosnia's Croats, Muslims and Serbs claimed some 100,000 lives. Government officials estimated that at least 20,000 mostly Muslim women were raped during the conflict.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)

1992-1995    In Thailand Chuan Leekpai served as Prime Minister until a land scandal split his coalition and the government collapsed.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.A12)

1992-1996    Conor O’Clery covered this period in his 1997 book "Daring Diplomacy," on how the US played a role in the search for peace in Northern Ireland.
    (SFEC, 6/15/97, BR p.6)

1992-1996    Giorgio Pressberger was the artistic director for the MittelFest, a theater and musical festival in Cividale del Friuli that links Italy with nine central European countries.
    (WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)

1992-1996    Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt served as the Secretary-General of the UN.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)
1992-1996    Nicolae Vacaroiu led Romania’s authoritarian ex-communist government.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.61)

1992-2000    Environmental groups say wealthy landowners and power brokers, profiting from logging Mexico’s Petatlan Sierra, destroyed 40 percent of 558,000 acres of woodland, some of the worst deforestation on the planet. In 2005 after a month-long blockade by peasants, Boise Cascade canceled contracts for massive cutting operations in the Petatlan mountains, citing supply problems, and 15 logging permits were revoked. Since then at least a dozen peasant leaders have been targeted. Some have been arrested and jailed on what are widely seen as bogus charges engineered by political and economic interests profiting from logging. Others have gone into hiding and some have been killed.
    (Reuters, 7/21/05)

1992-2002    India grew at an average annual rate of 6%.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to 1993 A

privacy policy