Return to home1990 Jan 1,
David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.
1990 Jan 2, On Wall Street, the
Dow Jones Industrial Average ended the day above 2,800 for the first
time, at 2,810.15.
1990 Jan 2, A lahar from the
Mt. Redoubt volcano in Alaska flooded part of the oil terminal in
1990 Jan 2, Alan Hale Jr.
(b.1921), Skipper on Gilligan's Island, died of cancer.
1990 Jan 3, Ousted Panamanian
leader Manuel Noriega surrendered to U.S. forces, 10 days after
taking refuge in the Vatican's diplomatic mission.
1990 Jan 4, Charles Stuart, who
had claimed a gunman had killed his pregnant wife and wounded him,
leaped to his death from a Boston Harbor bridge after he became a
1990 Jan 4, Deposed Panamanian
leader Manuel Noriega was arraigned in federal district court in
Miami on drug-trafficking charges.
1990 Jan 4, In Sindh Province,
Pakistan, an overcrowded 16-car passenger train collided with
standing freight train and more than 210 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)
1990 Jan 5, President Bush told
a news conference the United States had a strong case against
deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega and said he was convinced
Noriega would receive a fair trial on drug-trafficking charges.
1990 Jan 6, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney told CNN the U.S. invasion of Panama should not be
viewed as a new "Bush doctrine" inclined toward military
intervention in countries where democratic elections had been
1990 Jan 7, The president of El
Salvador, Alfredo Cristiani, said in a nationally broadcast address
that military men two months earlier had massacred six Jesuit
priests, their housekeeper and her daughter.
1990 Jan 8, In San Francisco
Doris Ward (1932-2018) was worn in as president of the board of
Supervisors, becoming the first African-American to serve in that
(SFC, 4/17/18, p.C1)
1990 Jan 8, Terry Thomas (78),
English comic (Heroes), died of Parkinson's disease.
1990 Jan 8, Military tribunals
in Romania began trials of the country's dreaded security forces who
stood accused of resisting the revolution that toppled Nicolae
1990 Jan 9, The space shuttle
Columbia was launched on a 10-day mission that included retrieving a
drifting scientific satellite.
1990 Jan 10, NCAA approved the
random drug testing for college football players.
1990 Jan 10, Chinese Premier Li
Peng lifted Beijing's 7-month-old martial law and said that by
crushing pro-democracy protests the army had saved China from "the
abyss of misery."
1990 Jan 11, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Lithuania, where he sought to assure
supporters of independence that they would have a say in their
1990 Jan 12, Astronauts aboard
the space shuttle Columbia retrieved an 11-ton floating science
laboratory in a rescue mission that kept the satellite from plunging
1990 Jan 12, Civil Rights
activist Rev. Al Sharpton was stabbed in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn.
1990 Jan 12, Laurence J. Peter
(b.1919), author (Peter Principle), died of a stroke.
1990 Jan 13, L. Douglas Wilder
of Virginia, the nation's first elected black governor, took the
oath of office in Richmond.
1990 Jan 14, The Denver Broncos
and the San Francisco 49ers earned a trip to the Super Bowl by
winning the American and National Football Conference championships.
1990 Jan 16, Two Bank of Credit
and Commerce (BCCI) members pleaded guilty to money laundering.
1990 Jan 16, The Soviet Union
sent more than 11,000 reinforcements to the Caucasus to halt a civil
war between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.
1990 Jan 17, A federal judge in
Miami set March 1990 for the trial of ex-Panamanian leader Manuel
Noriega on drug trafficking charges. After initial delays, Noriega
was tried and convicted of racketeering and conspiracy to distribute
cocaine, and was sentenced to 40 years in prison, later cut to 30
1990 Jan 18, In an FBI sting,
Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry was arrested for drug
possession. Barry was arrested while smoking crack cocaine and
fondling a woman who was not his wife. He was later convicted of a
(AP, 1/18/00)(SFC, 11/24/14, p.A6)
1990 Jan 18, A jury in Los
Angeles acquitted former preschool operators Raymond Buckey and his
mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of 52 child molestation charges.
1990 Jan 19, Arthur J.
Goldberg, former Supreme Court justice, labor secretary and U.S.
ambassador to the United Nations, was found dead in his Washington
apartment at age 81.
1990 Jan 19, Elias Zayek,
leader of the Christian Phalange party of Lebanon was shot and
killed in Byblos. Samir Geagea, leader of the of the Lebanese Forces
militia, was later accused and convicted (5/20/96) of the murder.
(SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-11)
1990 Jan 19, Bhagwan Shree
Rajneesh (b.1931), Indian guru (Osho), died in Pune, India. From
1981 to 1985 he resided in the US. His followers were involved in a
bio-terrorist attack in Oregon in 1984.
(SFC, 12/13/02, p.K6)(SFC, 6/15/05,
1990 Jan 20, The space shuttle
Columbia returned from an 11-day mission.
1990 Jan 20, Actress Barbara
Stanwyck died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 82.
1990 Jan 20, The Soviets
attacked Baku, leaving dozens dead and wounded. Gen’l. Lebed led
Russian forces in Baku to crush the nationalist Azeri Popular Front.
62 civilians were killed and more than 200 wounded when the Soviet
army stormed into the city of Baku to end what Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev called fratricidal killing between Muslim Azerbaijanis and
(WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A21)(CO, Grolier’s Amer. Acad.
Enc./ Azerbaijan)(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A15)(AP, 1/20/00)
1990 Jan 21, Azerbaijan Pres.
Aliyev made his first public appearance since his 1987 resignation
from the Soviet Politburo. He broke the information blackout and
urged int’l. condemnation of the Soviet attack. Mutinous military
cadets fired on troops patrolling the capital during a crackdown on
a nationalist uprising.
(WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A21)(AP, 1/21/00)
1990 Jan 22, SF Giant’s first
baseman Will Clark became the baseball’s highest paid player as he
signed a 4-year contract for $15 million.
(SSFC, 1/18/15, DB p.46)
1990 Jan 22, A jury in
Syracuse, N.Y., convicted graduate student Robert T. Morris of
federal computer tampering charges for unleashing a "worm" that
crippled a computer network.
1990 Jan 22, Roman Vishniac
(b.1897), Russian-American street photographer, died in NYC. He is
best known for capturing on film the culture of Jews in Central and
Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.
(Econ, 1/26/13, p.76)
1990 Jan 22, Up to 2 million
Azerbaijanis marched through the republic's capital to mourn those
killed when Soviet troops put down a nationalist revolt.
1990 Jan 23, The 101st US
Congress convened its second session, facing an agenda that included
clean air legislation and deficit reduction.
1990 Jan 23, In Oregon Keith
Hunter Jesperson (b.1955) began his career as a serial killer with
the sexual assault and murder of Taunja Bennett. He went on to
murder 8 women. He was arrested in March, 1995. In October 1995 just
before going to trial, he pleaded guilty to the murder of Bennett.
Multnomah County Presiding Judge Donald H. Londer sentenced
Jesperson to life in prison, setting a minimum 30-year prison term
before being eligible for parole. Jesperson claimed to have murdered
up to 160 people in California, Florida, Washington, Oregon and
Wyoming. In 2002 Jack Olsen (d.2002) authored “I: The Creation
of a Serial Killer."
1990 Jan 24, The House voted
390-25 to override President Bush's veto of legislation protecting
Chinese students from deportation. Bush prevailed in a Senate vote
the next day.
1990 Jan 25, President Bush
proposed to add an additional $1.2 billion to the budget for the war
on drugs, including a 50% increase in military spending.
1990 Jan 25, An Avianca Boeing
707 ran out of fuel and crashed in Cove Neck, N.Y.; 73 of the 161
people aboard were killed.
1990 Jan 25, Actress Ava
Gardner, star in 60 films, died in London at age 67. Her 3 husbands
included Mickey Rooney (1942-1943), Artie Shaw (1945-1946) and Frank
(AP, 1/25/00)(SFEC, 3/12/00, Par p.2)
1990 Jan 26, Attorneys for
Manuel Noriega challenged the jurisdiction of U.S. courts to try the
deposed Panamanian leader on drug-trafficking charges, and said
Noriega should be declared a prisoner of war.
1990 Jan 27, In Romania, four
top associates of executed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu went on trial,
charged with abetting genocide.
1990 Jan 28, The San Francisco
49ers routed the Denver Broncos, 55-10, in the 24th Super Bowl.
1990 Jan 29, Former Exxon
Valdez skipper Joseph Hazelwood went on trial in Anchorage, Alaska,
on charges stemming from the nation's worst oil spill; Hazelwood
later was acquitted of the major charges and convicted of a
1990 Jan 30, A federal judge
ordered former President Reagan to provide excerpts of his personal
diaries to John M. Poindexter for the former national security
adviser's Iran-Contra trial. The judge later reversed himself,
deciding the material was not essential.
1990 Jan 31, McDonald's Corp.
opened its first fast-food restaurant in Moscow.
1990 Jan, In Albania
demonstrations at Shkodra forced authorities to declare a state of
(www, Albania, 1998)
1990 Feb 1, Jane Novak
(b.1896), film actress (Ghost Town), died of stroke in Woodland
Hills, Ca. Her career began with silent films.
1990 Feb 1, East Germany's
Communist premier, Hans Modrow, appealed for negotiations with West
Germany to forge a "united fatherland."
1990 Feb 2, In a dramatic
concession to South Africa's black majority, President F.W. de Klerk
lifted a ban on the African National Congress and promised to free
1990 Feb 2, In South Africa
Benedict Daswa, as Catholic schoolteacher, was beaten to death in a
spasm of violence born of a flash of lightning and a witch hunt. In
2012 a movement was under way to have the Vatican declare Daswa
South Africa's first saint. Daswa was beatified on Sep 13.2015.
(AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 9/13/15)
1990 Feb 3, The parliament of
Bulgaria elected economist Andrei Lukanov to replace a hard-line
Communist as premier. Lukanov became the prime minister after rising
to the number 2 spot of the Communist hierarchy under Zhivkov. He
oversaw the party’s formal break with Stalinism and victory in the
first free elections.
(SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 2/3/00)
1990 Feb 4, Nine people were
killed as guerrillas attacked a bus carrying Israeli tourists near
1990 Feb 4, Cheering protesters
thronged Moscow streets to demand that the Communists surrender
their stranglehold on power.
1990 Feb 5, The Nepali Congress
passed a resolution officially launching the "country-wide peaceful
mass movement." Shortly thereafter, as many as 475 opposition party
members, human rights advocates, students, lawyers and journalists
were arrested. In a number of incidents, police opened fire
indiscriminately into crowds of unarmed demonstrators. Estimates of
the number killed range from 50 to several hundred. While the lower
figure probably is more accurate, the precise figure may never be
known because the police disposed of many of the bodies in secret
without conducting inquests.
1990 Feb 5, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev told the Communist Party it had to earn the
right to rule, instead of treating it as an unchallenged right.
1990 Feb 6, Soviet Communist
Party leaders decided to extend a two-day party session by an extra
day amid controversy over Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev's
proposals to revamp the country's political structure.
1990 Feb 7, An 811-foot tanker,
the American Trader, spilled hundreds of thousands of gallons of
Alaskan crude oil off the coast of Huntington Beach, Calif.
1990 Feb 7, Judith Clancy
(b.1950), SF artist, died of cancer.
1990 Feb 7, In Pakistan riots
broke out between rival political parties and 22 people were hurt.
1990 Feb 7, The Soviet Union's
Communist Party agreed to let other political parties compete for
control of the country, thereby giving up its monopoly on power.
1990 Feb 8, CBS television
temporarily suspended Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and anti-black
remarks in a gay magazine interview.
1990 Feb 8, In California
Christy Pina (14) was found dead in an artichoke field just off
Highway 1 in Castroville. She had been strangled, raped and stabbed
repeatedly. In 1996 advanced DNA technology identified Arsenio
Pacheco Leyva as the killer, but he had gone into hiding. Leyva was
later arrested in Mexico and spent over three years in jail before
he was extradited to the US to face charges. On May 3, 2018, Leyva
(56) was booked at the Monterey County Jail.
(SFC, 5/8/18, p.C4)
1990 Feb 8, In NYC a gunman
botched an attempt to rob a diamond courier. He then shot and killed
Rabbi Chaskel Werzberger in his vehicle and rode off in the vehicle.
David Ranta, an unemployed drug addict, was arrested on
circumstantial evidence and “uncertain" witness testimony. In 2013
Ranta was freed from his 37.5 year prison sentence.
(SFC, 2/22/13, p.A7)
1990 Feb 9, John Gotti
(1940-2002) was acquitted of charges that he commissioned the
Westies gang to shoot a union official in Manhattan’s Hell’s
Kitchen. This earned him the nickname "The Teflon Don."
(SFC, 6/11/02, p.A2)
1990 Feb 9, Perrier Group of
America Inc. announced it was voluntarily recalling its inventory of
mineral water in the United States after tests showed the presence
of benzene in a small number of bottles.
1990 Feb 9, The Galileo
satellite, launched Oct. 18, 1989, made its closest approach to
1990 Feb 10, In Indonesia Mount
Kelud erupted. Some 33 post eruption lahars took place from Feb
15-mar28 and more than 30 people were killed with hundreds injured.
1990 Feb 10, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced that black activist Nelson Mandela
would be released the next day after 27 years in captivity.
1990 Feb 11, In a stunning
upset, heavyweight champion Mike Tyson was knocked out in the 10th
round of his fight with Buster Douglas in Tokyo.
1990 Feb 11, Nelson Mandela was
released from South Africa’s Victor Verster prison after being
detained for 27 years as a political prisoner fighting against
(AP, 2/11/97)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A19)
1990 Feb 12, President Bush
rejected Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's new initiative for
troop reductions in Europe, but predicted a "major success" on arms
control at the superpower summit in June.
1990 Feb 12, Robert Ouko
(b.1931), Kenya’s foreign minister and member of the Luo tribe, was
murdered during his investigation of corruption charges against the
1990 Feb 13, At a conference in
Ottawa, the United States and its European allies forged agreement
with the Soviet Union and East Germany on a two-stage formula to
1990 Feb 14, Space probe
Voyager 1 took photographs of entire solar system.
1990 Feb 14, Ninety-four people
were killed when an Indian Airlines passenger jet crashed while
landing at a southern Indian airport.
1990 Feb 15, Professional
baseball owners locked out their players.
(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1990 Feb 15, President Bush and
the leaders of Colombia, Bolivia and Peru met in Cartagena, Colombia
for a drug-fighting summit.
1990 Feb 15, The San Francisco
Recreation and Parks Commission decided that the gigantic concrete
cross atop Mount Davidson will remain a city-owned landmark, but
that it should never be lit again.
(SSFC, 2/15/15, DB p.42)
1990 Feb 16, Former President
Reagan began two days of giving a videotaped deposition in Los
Angeles for the Iran-Contra trial of former national security
adviser John Poindexter.
1990 Feb 17, Former President
Reagan spent a second day in a Los Angeles courtroom, giving
videotaped testimony about the Iran-Contra affair for the trial of
his former national security adviser, John Poindexter.
1990 Feb 17, The first set of
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) officials were elected.
Due to electoral protest, the ARMM formally started to function only
on July 9, 1990 following the oath taking of Atty. Zacaria A. Candao
as First Regional Governor of ARMM.
1990 Feb 18, In general
elections, Japan's conservative governing party held onto its
34-year-old majority in the Parliament's lower house.
1990 Feb 19, US Defense
Secretary Dick Cheney, snubbed by Philippine President Corazon
Aquino, met in Manila with Defense Minister Fidel Ramos to discuss
the future of U.S. bases in the country.
1990 Feb 19, Michael Powell
(84), English director (Life & Death of Col Blimp), died.
1990 Feb 20, President Bush
welcomed Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel to the White House,
promising trade rewards for Prague's moves toward democracy.
1990 Feb 21, Addressing the
U.S. Congress, Czechoslovak President Vaclav Havel said his nation
welcomed U.S. help after decades of Soviet domination, but also said
Europe should eventually "decide for itself" how long American and
Soviet troops should remain.
1990 Feb 22, Former President
Reagan's videotaped testimony for the trial of former national
security adviser John Poindexter was released in Washington; in his
deposition, Reagan said he never had "any inkling" his aides were
secretly arming the Nicaraguan Contras.
1990 Feb 23, James Gavin
(b.1907), US commander 82nd Airborne Div (Normandy), died. He was
known as “the jumping general" for parachuting along with combat
troops in WW II.
1990 Feb 23, Former Salvadoran
President Jose Napoleon Duarte died at age 64.
1990 Feb 24, Magazine publisher
Malcolm Forbes died in Far Hills, N.J. at age 70.
1990 Feb 24, Johnnie Ray (63),
fifties balladeer (Cry), died in Los Angeles of liver failure.
1990 Feb 25, Enver Hadri, a
human rights leader, was allegedly shot in the head by Veselin
Vukotic and two other men while he was stopped at a traffic light in
Brussels, Belgium. Hadri had papers on him incriminating former
Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic in assassinations. All three
gunmen were believed to be hitmen working for the Yugoslav secret
service. Veselin was arrested in Spain in 2006.
1990 Feb 25, Nicaraguans voted
in an election that led to an upset victory for opponents of the
ruling Sandinistas. Daniel Ortega, communist president of Nicaragua,
lost to Violeta Chamorro.
(WSJ, 3/12/96, p. A-16)(AP, 2/25/98)
1990 Feb 26, USSR agreed to
withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czechoslovakia by July, 1991.
1990 Feb 27, The US Supreme
Court ruled that prison officials could force inmates to take
powerful anti-psychotic drugs without a judge's consent.
1990 Feb 27, Exxon Corp and
Exxon Shipping were indicted on 5 criminal counts for the oil spill
at Valdez, Alaska.
1990 Feb 28, In San Francisco
protesters lit the street outside the St. Francis Hotel with a
flaming torch parade and bonfire as part of demonstrations against a
visit by Pres. George H.W. Bush.
(SSFC, 3/1/15, DB p.42)
1990 Feb 28, Space shuttle
Atlantis blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla. on a secret mission
to place a spy satellite in orbit.
1990 Feb, Cisco Systems Corp.
1990 Feb, In Germany a group of
artists occupied Tacheles, a building in East Berlin, two months
before it was scheduled for demolition. The squatters saved it by
getting the city to declare it a historic landmark. Their lease
ended Dec. 31, 2008, and residents were advised to move out though
no court order was issued.
1990 Mar 1, The controversial
Seabrook, N.H., nuclear power plant won federal permission to go on
line after two decades of protests and legal struggles.
1990 Mar 1, Benin nullified its
1990 Mar 1, Luis Alberto
Lacelle was sworn in as President of Uruguay.
1990 Mar 2, More than 6,000
drivers went on strike against Greyhound Lines Inc. The company,
later declaring an impasse in negotiations, fired the strikers.
1990 Mar 2, A grenade attack
in downtown Panama killed a U.S. soldier and injured 28 other people
at the My Place discotheque on Via Espania and Calle 50.
1990 Mar 3, President Bush
sparked controversy by expressing opposition to the settlement of
Soviet Jewish refugees in East Jerusalem.
1990 Mar 3, Carole Gist (20) of
Michigan was 1st black crowned 39th Miss USA.
1990 Mar 4, The 20th Easter
Seal Telethon was held.
1990 Mar 4, Atlantis 6, the US
65th manned space mission STS 36, returned from space.
1990 Mar 4, Voters in the
Soviet republics of Russia, Byelorussia and the Ukraine participated
in local and legislative elections, resulting in notable gains for
reformists and nationalists.
1990 Mar 5, To the cheers of
onlookers, workers in Bucharest, Romania, finally succeeded in
removing a 25-foot, seven-ton bronze statue of Vladimir Lenin from
1990 Mar 6, The Soviet
parliament overwhelmingly approved legislation allowing people to
own factories and hire workers for the first time in nearly seven
1990 Mar 7, Health and Human
Services Secretary Louis Sullivan announced the US government would
propose a more informative food-labeling system that would require
the disclosure of the fat, fiber and cholesterol content of nearly
all packaged foods.
1990 Mar 8, Opening arguments
were heard in the Iran-Contra trial of former national security
adviser John M. Poindexter.
1990 Mar 8, In San
Francisco Giovanni Torrocha (30), part owner of the Grant and Green
Bar and the Condor nightclub shot and killed Francesco Tarsitano
(42), a chef and former maitre d’ of Martinelli’s, in the vengeful
climax of a love triangle.
(SSFC, 3/8/15, p.42)
1990 Mar 8, NYC's Zodiac killer
shoot his 1st victim, Mario Orosco. Orozco survived a bullet lodged
near his spine.
1990 Mar 9, Dr. Antonia Novello
(b.1944) was sworn in as the US surgeon general, becoming the first
woman and the first Hispanic to hold the job. Dr. Novello became
Commissioner of Health for the State of New York in 1999.
1990 Mar 10, Haitian ruler Lt.
Gen. Prosper Avril resigned during a popular uprising against his
1990 Mar 11, Chile’s General
Augusto Pinochet gave up power after 16 years of rule, but remained
commander of the army. Some 3,200 people were murdered under his
dictatorship and 30,000 more were tortured. Patricio Aylwin
(1918-2016) began serving as president.
p.89)(SFC, 4/20/16, p.A2)
1990 Mar 11, The Lithuanian
parliament voted to break away from the Soviet Union and restore its
independence. The Supreme Council promulgated the historic document:
"On the Re-establishment of the Independent State of Lithuania."
Validity of the 1938 Constitution was briefly reinstated and the
provisional Fundamental Law was adopted. Vytautas Landsbergis was
elected president of Lithuania under the party Sajudis. Landsbergis
was elected Chairman of the Council with Bronislovas Juozas
Kuzmickas, Kazimieras Motieka and Ceslovas Stankevicius as Vice
Chairmen, with Liuvikas Sabutis as Secretary. Four governments were
formed under tenure of the Council. They were led by Kazimiera
Danute Prunskiene, Albertas Simenas, Gediminas Vagnorius and
Aleksandras Algirdas Abisala. Moscow responded with an economic
blockade that brought industry and transportation to a standstill.
In June the Lithuanians agreed to suspend independence.
(DrEE, 10/5/96, p.5)(CSOE)(HN, 3/11/98)(AP,
1990 Mar 12, Vice President
Quayle met in Santiago, Chile, with Nicaraguan President Daniel
Ortega, who promised to peacefully relinquish power to Violeta
Chamorro, the U.S.-backed candidate who had won Nicaragua's
1990 Mar 13, President Bush
lifted trade sanctions against Nicaragua in a show of support for
President-elect Violeta Chamorro.
1990 Mar 13, The Soviet
Congress of People's Deputies approved Mikhail S. Gorbachev's
proposals for a multiparty political system headed by a powerful
1990 Mar 13, Bruno Bettelheim
(86), Austrian-US psychoanalyst, committed suicide. His books
included "The Empty Fortress" (1967), on infantile autism and "the
Use of Enchantment" (1976), a study of fairy tales. In 1996 Richard
Pollak wrote: "The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno
Bettelheim." In 2002 Theron Raines authored "Rising to the Light: A
Portrait of Bruno Bettelheim."
(SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.1)(SSFC, 9/8/02,
1990 Mar 14, The United States,
the Soviet Union, Britain, France, and West and East Germany held
their first formal meeting on reunifying the German states.
1990 Mar 14, The Soviet
Congress elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev president of the Soviet
Congress, a day after creating the post.
(HN, 3/14/98)(AP, 3/14/00)
1990 Mar 15, Iraq executed
London-based journalist Farzad Bazoft, claiming he was a spy.
1990 Mar 15, The Israeli
government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir lost a vote of
confidence in the Knesset after Shamir refused to accept a U.S. plan
for Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
1990 Mar 16, Brazil announced
the Collor Plan. It was a collection of economic reforms and
inflation-stabilization plans carried out during the presidency of
Fernando Collor de Mello, between 1990 and 1992. The plan was
officially called New Brazil Plan. It combined fiscal and trade
liberalization with radical inflation stabilization measures.
(Econ, 11/14/09, SR
1990 Mar 16, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced that exiled African National
Congress leaders could return home for talks with the white-led
1990 Mar 18, There was a theft
of art work from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. 2
men dressed as policemen made off with masterworks that included
Rembrandt’s "The Storm on the Sea of Galilee," Vermeer’s "The
Concert," Manet’s "Chez Tortoni," and 5 paintings and drawings by
Edgar Degas and a 1200 BC Chinese bronze beaker valued at $300
million. The theft led Sen. Edward Kennedy to sponsor the museum
theft provision of the 1994 Omnibus Crime Act. In 2009 Ulrich Boser
authored “The Gardner Heist." In 2013 the FBI said it knows who
stole the artwork but withheld the identity of the thieves.
(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.A21)(SFC,
8/26/97, p.A3)(SFC,12/15/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/20/09, p.W10)(SFC,
1990 Mar 18, An alliance of
conservative parties won a surprising victory over the Communists in
East Germany's first free elections.
1990 Mar 19, Latvia's political
opposition claimed victory in the republic's first free elections in
50 years, and reformers also claimed victories in crucial runoffs
held in Russia, Byelorussia and Ukraine.
1990 Mar 19, Kremlin warned
Lithuania against taking over factories, putting up border posts.
1990 Mar 20, Namibia became an
independent nation, marking the end of 75 years of South African
rule. The South African colony gained independence after 25 years of
guerrilla war. Namibians began petitioning the U.N. as early as
1947, developing political parties, most notably SWAPO (South West
Africa People‘s Organization) to voice opposition to South African
rule. Armed resistance to South African rule began in earnest in the
1970s and continued into the 1980s, which combined with drought and
other factors, contributed to an overwhelming drain to South
Africa‘s economy. The UN Security Council eventually demanded
independence for Namibia, but transition elections were not agreed
to by South Africa until December 1988 after a military disaster
involving Angola. The UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) started
work in April 1989 with elections giving SWAPO 57% of the vote. On
March 21 of the following year, the South African flag was lowered
and the Namibian flag raised in Namibia‘s National Stadium.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.20A)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.T4)(AP,
1990 Mar 20, The last Indian
peacekeepers left Sri Lanka.
1990 Mar 21, Secretary of State
James Baker met black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela in Namibia.
1990 Mar 21, Elkins, West
Virginia, reported a record national low of minus 16 degrees.
(SFC, 3/21/09, p.D10)
1990 Mar 21, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev increased pressure on the breakaway republic of
Lithuania, ordering its citizens to turn in their guns.
1990 Mar 22, A jury in
Anchorage, Alaska, found former tanker captain Joseph Hazelwood
innocent of three major charges in connection with the Exxon Valdez
oil spill, but convicted him of a minor charge of negligent
discharge of oil.
(HN, 3/22/97)(AP, 3/22/00)
1990 Mar 23, Former Exxon
Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood was sentenced by a judge in
Anchorage, Alaska, to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay
$50,000 in restitution for his role in the 1989 oil spill.
1990 Mar 23, Rene Enriquez
(56), actor (Hill St Blues), died of pancreatic cancer.
1990 Mar 24, Soviet military
vehicles rumbled through the heart of the Lithuanian capital of
Vilnius as lawmakers in the breakaway Baltic republic voted to
transfer their power to foreign soil if they were attacked or
1990 Mar 25, Star Trek V won as
worst picture in the 10th Golden Raspberry Awards.
1990 Mar 25, Eighty-seven
people, most of them Honduran and Dominican immigrants, were killed
when an arson fire raced through the illegal Happy Land Social Club
in New York City. Julio Gonzalez, 36, was charged with arson and
murder. Gonzalez was convicted in August 1991 and was sentenced to
174 twenty-five-year sentences (a total of 4,350 years), the longest
sentence ever handed down in New York. He is eligible for parole in
1990 Mar 26, "Driving Miss
Daisy" won best picture at the 62nd annual Academy Awards and
captured the best actress prize for Jessica Tandy; Daniel Day-Lewis
was named best actor for "My Left Foot."
1990 Mar 26, Designer Halston
died in San Francisco at age 57.
1990 Mar 27, The U.S. began
test broadcasts of TV Marti to Cuba, which promptly jammed the
1990 Mar 27, Soviet soldiers
began rounding up Lithuanians who had fled the Red Army after the
republic's declaration of independence.
1990 Mar 28, Jesse Owens
(1913-1980) was awarded (posthumously) the Congressional Gold Medal
from President George Bush.
1990 Mar 28, British customs
officials announced they had foiled an attempt to supply Iraq with
40 American-made devices for triggering nuclear weapons, following
an 18-month investigation by U.S. and British authorities.
1990 Mar 29, President Bush,
addressing the National Leadership Coalition on AIDS, declared his
administration "on a wartime footing" against the disease, and
called for compassion, not discrimination, toward those infected
with the virus.
1990 Mar 30, Idaho Gov. Cecil
Andrus vetoed a highly restrictive state abortion measure, saying
the bill gave a woman and her family no flexibility in cases of rape
1990 Mar 30, Harry Bridges
(b.1901), Australian-born SF labor activist, died.
(SFC, 7/27/01, p.A19)
1990 Mar 31, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the defiant Baltic republic of Lithuania
to annul its declaration of independence or face "grave
1990 Mar 31, Hundreds of people
were injured in rioting in London over Britain's so-called "poll
tax." The poll-tax disturbances helped to bring down PM Margaret
(AP, 3/31/00)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.66)
1990 Mar, Over 700 people from
around the world gathered for the First International Ecocity
Conference in Berkeley, Ca.
(PacDis, Spring '94, p. 27)
1990 Mar, GM and SAAB completed
setting up a joint auto-making venture in Europe. They had agreed on
Dec. 15, 1989, to form a 50-50 joint auto-making company, called
Saab Automobile A.B.
1990 Mar, Several people were
killed and hundreds injured in clashes between Romanians and ethnic
Hungarians in the Transylvanian city of Targu Mures. The Szeklers
make up about a third of Romania's 1.4 million Hungarian minority.
1990 Mar, Namibia, the South
African colony, gained independence.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.20A)
1990 Mar, Following the
Sudanese government's failure to make any move toward restoring
democracy after the June 1989 military coup, the US government
suspended all development assistance to Sudan under Section 513 of
the Foreign Assistance Act, which mandates a cutoff in most U.S. aid
to any nation where an elected government has been overthrown in a
coup. However, food aid under P.L. 480 and humanitarian assistance
are permitted to continue.
1990 Apr 1, The US Federal
Hourly Minimum Wage was set at $3.80 an hour.
1990 Apr 1, CBS fired
sportscaster Brent Musburger (b.1939).
1990 Apr 1, More Soviet
military vehicles rolled through the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius,
a day after Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev warned the Baltic
republic to annul its declaration of independence.
1990 Apr 2, The University of
Nevada at Las Vegas won the NCAA college basketball championship,
defeating Duke 103-73.
1990 Apr 2, Saddam Hussein of
Iraq threatened to hit Israel with binary chemical weapons.
1990 Apr 2, In a conciliatory
gesture, the president of Lithuania invited Kremlin officials to
discuss the republic's secession drive.
1990 Apr 3, Sarah Vaughan (66),
Jazz singer, died in suburban Los Angeles.
1990 Apr 3, A delegation from
the rebellious republic of Lithuania met with an adviser to Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev.
1990 Apr 4, Secretary of State
James Baker met in Washington with his Soviet counterpart, Eduard
Shevardnadze, for three days of talks on the Lithuanian crisis and
1990 Apr 4, Security law
violator Ivan Boesky was released from federal custody.
1990 Apr 5, It was announced
that President Bush and Soviet President Gorbachev would hold their
first full-scale summit in the United States.
1990 Apr 5, Paul Newman won a
court victory over Julius Gold to keep giving all profits from
Newman foods to charity.
1990 Apr 6, Secretary of State
James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze
concluded three days of talks in Washington, after which
Shevardnadze handed President Bush a letter from Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1990 Apr 7, A display of Robert
Mapplethorpe photographs opened at Cincinnati's Contemporary Arts
Center, the same day the center and its director were indicted on
obscenity charges. Both were later acquitted.
1990 Apr 7, Former national
security adviser John M. Poindexter was convicted of five counts at
his Iran-Contra trial. However, a federal appeals court later
reversed the convictions.
(HN, 4/7/97)(AP, 4/7/00)
1990 Apr 7, In Myanmar a
double-decker ferry sank in Gyaing River during a storm and 215
people were believed drowned.
1990 Apr 7, An arson fire
aboard a ferry enroute from Norway to Denmark killed 159 people.
(AP, 4/7/00)(AP, 1/14/12)
1990 Apr 8,
The cult series Twin Peaks, an American television serial drama
created by Mark Frost and David Lynch, premiered on ABC TV. It ran
until Apr 18, 1991. A third season was broadcast in 2017.
2/19/96, zz-1 p.3)(Econ., 5/30/20, p.74)
1990 Apr 8, Ryan White (18),
the teen-age AIDS patient whose battle for acceptance gained
national attention, died in Indianapolis. The Ryan White Foundation
was established for AIDS education programs after his death and it
closed its doors due to dwindling funds in 1999.
(AP, 4/8/97)(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A3)
1990 Apr 8, A global conference
of the Prague-based International Romani Union, a coalition of
organizations working to ease the plight of Gypsies, designated this
day as International Day of Roma.
1990 Apr 9, The baseball season
opened a week late because of a labor dispute.
1990 Apr 9, Humorist John Henry
Faulk, who challenged his blacklisting in the entertainment industry
in the 1950s, died in Austin, Texas, at age 76.
1990 Apr 10, San Francisco’s
Board of Supervisors approved reducing the city’s curfew laws.
Minors under 14 will be banned from public places between midnight
and 5am. The old law included minors under 18 from 11pm to 6am.
(SSFC, 4/5/15, DB p.42)
1990 Apr 10, H.J. Heinz said it
would not sell tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins.
1990 Apr 10, Three European
hostages -- a French woman, a Belgian man and their two-year-old
daughter, who was born in captivity -- were released in Lebanon by
the Abu Nidal Palestinian guerrilla group following an appeal by
Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
1990 Apr 10, Teddy Wang
Tei-huei (57), Hong Kong real estate tycoon, was kidnapped for a 2nd
time. Abductors demanded $60 million. His wife Nina Wang paid a $34
million installment, but it was too late. His body was never found.
Wang was declared legally dead in 1999.
(WSJ, 10/20/99, p.A23)(Econ, 7/3/04, p.52)
1990 Apr 11, Funeral services
were held in Indianapolis for AIDS patient Ryan White, who had died
three days earlier at age 18. Among the 1,500 mourners were first
lady Barbara Bush and singers Elton John and Michael Jackson.
1990 Apr 11, Konstantinos
Mitsotakis (b.1918) of the New Democracy party became prime minister
of Greece with one vote from an independently elected member of the
parliament. He held office to October 13, 1993.
1990 Apr 12, Greyhound Bus
hired new drivers to replace strikers.
1990 Apr 12, James Brown
(b.1933) was moved to the lower Savannah Work Center in Aiken
County, SC, after serving 15 months.
1990 Apr 12, In its first
meeting, East Germany's first democratically elected parliament
acknowledged responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust, and asked the
forgiveness of Jews and others who had suffered.
1990 Apr 13, The Soviet Union
accepted responsibility for the World War II murders of thousands of
imprisoned Polish officers in the Katyn Forest, a massacre the
Soviets had previously blamed on the Nazis.
1990 Apr 14, The hip-hop group
Salt-N-Pepa hit the top #40 on the pop singles chart with
1990 Apr 14, Lithuanian
officials, facing a Kremlin deadline to back away from their
declaration of independence, acknowledged that an economic blockade
threatened by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev could result in huge
1990 Apr 15, Actress Greta
Garbo died in New York City at age 84. In 1997 Karen Swenson
authored "Greta Garbo: A Life Apart." In 2000 the Rosenbach Museum
in Philadelphia opened 55 letters written by Garbo to her lesbian
friend Mercedes de Acosta (d.1968) between 1931-1959. Acosta was a
Spanish aristocrat turned Hollywood screenwriter.
(AP, 4/15/97)(SFEC, 4/16/00, p.A5)
1990 Apr 16, The US Supreme
Court rejected appeals by Dalton Prejean, a nearly retarded man, who
was condemned to die for the 1977 murder of a Louisiana state
trooper. Prejean was executed the following month.
1990 Apr 16, The US Supreme
Court let stand a ban on school dances in the Bible Belt town of
1990 Apr 16, In San Francisco
some 950 shops and restaurants in Chinatown shut down in protest
over Mayor Art Agnos’ proposal to demolish the embarcadero Freeway.
(SSFC, 4/12/15, DB p.42)
1990 Apr 17, President Bush
warned the Soviet Union against carrying out an economic blockade of
Lithuania, hinting at "appropriate responses."
1990 Apr 17, The US Supreme
Court in Employment Division v Smith said two members of a native
American church had no First Amendment right to unemployment
compensation after being fired for ingesting peyote as part of their
1990 Apr 17, The Rev. Ralph D.
Abernathy, the civil rights activist and top aide to Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta at age 64.
1990 Apr 18, The US Supreme
Court ruled that states may make it a crime to possess or look at
child pornography, even in one's home.
1990 Apr 18, Bankruptcy court
forced Frank Lorenzo (b.1940) to give up Eastern Airlines. Lorenzo
had cut wages, alienated the staff and pursued a policy of
asset-stripping the company.
1990 Apr 18, A Franco-German
proposal was made at the Dublin summit for the political union of
the 12 European Community member countries.
1990 Apr 18, The Soviet Union
shut off a pipeline that supplied the rebellious republic of
Lithuania with crude oil; a day later, the Soviets severely reduced
the flow of natural gas.
1990 Apr 19, Nicaragua's
nine-year-old civil war appeared near an end as Contra guerrillas,
leftist Sandinistas and the incoming government agreed to a truce
and a deadline for the rebels to disarm.
1990 Apr 20, Former junk bond
financier Michael Milken agreed to plead guilty to six felonies and
pay $600 million in penalties to settle the largest securities fraud
case in history.
1990 Apr 20, Pete Rose pleaded
guilty to two felony counts of filing false income tax returns.
1990 Apr 21, Bob Engel, a
National League umpire was arrested in Bakersfield, Ca., for
stealing baseball cards.
1990 Apr 21, Pope John Paul II
was greeted by hundreds of thousands of people as he visited
Czechoslovakia to help celebrate the nation's peaceful overthrow of
1990 Apr 22, Pro-Iranian
kidnappers in Lebanon freed American hostage Robert Polhill after
nearly 39 months of captivity.
1990 Apr 22, Millions of
Americans joined in a worldwide 20th anniversary celebration of the
first Earth Day. Harriett Burgess (d.2010 at 73) founded the San
Francisco based American Land Conservatory to shelter land from
development in all parts of the country.
(AP, 4/22/00)(SFC, 5/8/10, p.C4)
1990 Apr 23, Pres. George H. W.
Bush signed the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990. It required the
Attorney General to collect data on crimes committed because of the
victim's race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or
ethnicity. The bill was the first federal statute to "recognize and
name gay, lesbian and bisexual people."
1990 Apr 23, Freed American
hostage Robert Polhill, released in Lebanon the day before, enjoyed
his first full day of freedom in nearly 39 months at the U.S. Air
Force hospital in Wiesbaden, West Germany.
1990 Apr 24, Security law
violator Michael Milken pleaded guilty to 6 felonies.
1990 Apr 24, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carrying the $1.5
billion Hubble Space Telescope. It cost $2 billion. The orbital
period of the telescope was 97 Minutes. In 2008 Robert Zimmerman
authored “The Universe in a Mirror: The Saga of the Hubble Space
Telescope and the Visionaries Who Built It."
(AP, 4/24/97)(NG, 1/’94, p.23)(WSJ, 2/14/97,
p.A1)(SFC, 3/21/98, p.E3)(WSJ, 6/16/08, p.A13)
1990 Apr 24, West and East
Germany agreed to merge currency and economies on July 1.
1990 Apr 25, In the 25th
Academy of Country Music Awards Clint Black and Kathy Mattea won.
1990 Apr 25, The Hubble Space
Telescope was deployed from the space shuttle "Discovery."
1990 Apr 25, Dexter Gordon
(67), jazz saxophonist, died in Philadelphia.
1990 Apr 25, Violeta Barrios de
Chamorro was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua for a six year
term, ending 11 years of leftist Sandinista rule.
(AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)
1990 Apr 26, In Colombia Carlos
Pizarro (b.1951), a former M-19 rebel leader and presidential
candidate was killed when an assailant opened fire with a machine
gun inside a crowded airliner in midflight. In 2001 fugitive Carlos
Castrano said he organized the killing because Pizarro had links to
a drug lord. In 2014 his remains and those of his assailant were dug
up to see whether bodyguards assigned by the state to protect the
politician also had a hand in his murder.
12/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 11/26/14)
1990 Apr 26, Israeli PM Yitzhak
Shamir, leader of the right-wing Likud bloc, was chosen to form a
new government after Labor Party leader Shimon Peres failed to form
1990 Apr 27, The aperture door
of the Hubble Space Telescope was opened by ground controllers as
the space shuttle Discovery, which had carried the Hubble into
orbit, prepared to return home.
1990 Apr 28, Anti-abortion
demonstrators marched in Washington D.C.; authorities put the number
of protesters at 200,000, but organizers claimed a turnout of about
1990 Apr 29, The space shuttle
Discovery landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California
after a mission which included deploying the Hubble Space Telescope.
1990 Apr 30, Hostage Frank Reed
was released by his captives in Lebanon, the second American freed
in eight days.
1990 Apr, In California Glenn
Payne was arrested in San Jose after a 2-year-old, who lived across
the street, was asleep on a walkway a block away with her cloths
torn and covered with debris. She told police a man who lived nearby
had hurt her. In 1991 Payne was sentenced to 27 years in prison, but
maintained his innocence. He was released in 2005 after more than 13
years in prison. In 2017 a hair analyst recanted his testimony
against Payne saying it was based on an unreliable study. On Jan.
26, 2018, Payne’s conviction was overturned, and his criminal record
(SFC, 1/27/18, p.A1)
1990 Apr, Jamba Juice was
founded by Kirk Perron, Joe Vergara, Kevin Peters, and Linda Ozawa
Olds as a single Juice Club in San Luis Obispo, Ca.
1990 Apr, Argentina’s Congress
under Pres. Carlos Menem added 4 new seats to the 5-member Supreme
(Econ, 10/8/05, p.46)
1990 Apr, In Japan the Aum
Shinri Kyo cult sent three trucks into central Tokyo to spray
poisonous botulin mists. The convoy then attacked US bases at
Yokohama and Yokosuka. The botulin did not work and the cult turned
to use anthrax.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A12)
1990 Apr, A pro-independence
coalition won in Slovenia.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 May 1, In Hampton, NH,
William Flynn (16) and a friend shot and killed Gregory Smart
(b.1965), the husband of Pamela Smart (23) with whom Flynn was
having an affair. Flynn was sentenced 28 years to life. Smart had
enlisted Flynn to kill her husband and was sentenced to life in
prison. On June 4, 2015 Flynn was released from prison. Patrick
Randall, who had held a knife to Gregg Smart’s throat, was also
released on parole.
1990 May 1, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev and other Kremlin leaders were jeered by
thousands of people during the annual May Day parade in Red Square.
1990 May 2, David Rappaport
(38), British 3'11' actor (Wizard, LA Law), committed suicide by
gunshot in California.
1990 May 2, The government of
South Africa and the African National Congress opened their first
formal talks aimed at paving the way for more substantive
negotiations on dismantling apartheid.
1990 May 3, The US federal
government approved the use of the drug AZT to treat children
infected with the AIDS virus.
1990 May 4, Latvia's parliament
voted 138-0 (1 abstention) for Independence. The Russophone
Ravnopraviye (Equal Rights Movement) boycotted this resolution by
walking out of parliament.
1990 May 4, The South African
government and the African National Congress concluded historic
talks in Cape Town with a joint statement agreeing on a "common
commitment toward the resolution of the existing climate of
1990 May 5, "Unbridled" won the
116th running of the Kentucky Derby.
1990 May 5, Five people were
killed as 3 small fishing boats capsized in the Strait of Juan De
Fuca, along the northwest int’l. border between the US and Canada.
(SFC, 5/5/09, p.D8)
1990 May 6, Freed American
hostage Frank Reed said at a news conference in Arlington, Va., that
he had been savagely beaten by his captors in Lebanon after two
unsuccessful escape attempts.
1990 May 6, Former president
P.W. Botha quit South Africa's ruling National Party as a protest
against the apartheid reform program of his successor F.W. de Klerk.
1990 May 7, The White House put
aside President Bush's pledge of no new taxes, saying talks to
strike a budget deal with Congress would have "no preconditions."
1990 May 8, One crewman was
killed, 18 others injured in a fire aboard the guided-missile
destroyer USS Conyngham in the Atlantic, about 100 miles southeast
of Norfolk, Va.
1990 May 8, NY Newsday reporter
Jimmy Breslin was suspended for a racial slur.
1990 May 9, President Bush and
congressional leaders announced plans for emergency budget talks,
with tax increases and spending cuts on the negotiating table.
1990 May 9, A major cyclone
made landfall on Andhra Pradesh, India. It dissipated 2 days later
over central India. Strong flooding caused 510 human fatalities, but
the effect on agriculture was substantial. More than 100,000 animals
1990 May 10, The government of
China announced the release of 211 dissidents who had been involved
in pro-democracy demonstrations a year earlier.
1990 May 10, Walker Percy
(b.1916), Mississippi-raised physician, novelist (Lancelot), died of
cancer in Covington, Louisiana. His book "The Moviegoer" was the
1962 winner of the National Book Award." His last book, The Thanatos
Syndrome, appeared in 1987.
1990 May 11, President Bush, on
a two-day trip of college commencement speeches, told reporters
aboard Air Force One that there were "no conditions" going into a
budget summit with Congress.
1990 May 11, The center fuel
tank of Philippine Air Lines B737-300 exploded as the plane pushed
back from the gate and 8 people were killed.
(WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A12)
1990 May 12, The tune "Sending
All My Love" by Linear reached #8 on the pop singles chart.
1990 May 12, The presidents of
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania forged a united front by reviving a
1934 political alliance in hopes of enhancing their drive for
independence from the Soviet Union.
1990 May 13, Thomas Walker was
shot to death at his home in Hacienda Heights, Los Angeles County.
In 1991 his wife Hudie Joyce Walker was convicted of 2nd degree
murder and sentenced 19 years to life in jail. In 2007 she was
granted a new trial due to issues involving battered women’s
(SFC, 2/8/07, p.B2)
1990 May 14, In separate
decrees, Soviet President Gorbachev declared that the republics of
Estonia and Latvia had no legal basis for moving toward
1990 May 15, Congressional
leaders and Bush administration officials began a bipartisan summit
on the fiscal 1991 budget and its deficit.
1990 May 15, The "Portrait of
Doctor Gachet" (1890) by Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) sold for $82.5
million to Ryoei Saito, Japan's second-largest paper manufacturer.
1990 May 16, Sammy Davis Jr.
(64), entertainer, died in Los Angeles. Davis owed the IRS $5
million at his death. A settlement was later reached for $300,000.
In 2003 Wil Haygood authored "In Black and White: The Life of Sammy
(AP, 5/16/00)(SSFC, 1/21/01, Par p.2)(WSJ,
1990 May 16, Jim Henson (53),
"Muppets" creator, died in NYC. In 2013 Brian Jay Jones authored
“Jim Henson: The Biography."
1990 May 17, The effective date
for pension rights for both men and women as ruled by a European
court in 1994.
1990 May 17, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev met in Moscow with Lithuanian Prime Minister
Kazimiera Prunskiene, Gorbachev's first face-to-face meeting with a
senior official of the defiant Baltic republics.
1990 May 18, The TV movie
"Return To Green Acres" aired.
1990 May 18, In the face of
heated student protests, the trustees of all-women Mills College in
Oakland, Ca., voted to rescind their earlier decision to admit men.
1990 May 18, Jill Ireland (54),
actress (Carry on Nurse, Family), died of cancer.
1990 May 18, East and West
Germany signed a monetary union treaty.
1990 May 18, The French
TGV-train hit record speed of 515.3 kph.
1990 May 19, The tune "Vogue"
by Madonna peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
1990 May 19, Summer Squall won
the Preakness Stakes.
1990 May 19, Secretary of State
James A. Baker III concluded an agreement with the Soviet Union to
destroy chemical weapons and settle longstanding disputes over
limits on nuclear-tipped cruise missiles.
1990 May 20, In Massachusetts
the body of Cheryl Kosilek (35) was found in her car at a North
Attleborough shopping mall. Robert Kosilek (41) was convicted of her
murder in 1993 and while in prison demanded that the state of
Massachusetts provide him or her with a sex-change operation.
1990 May 20, The Hubble Space
Telescope sent back its first photographs.
1990 May 20, An Israeli opened
fire on a group of Palestinian laborers south of Tel Aviv, killing
seven; the gunman was sentenced to life in prison.
1990 May 20, Romania's ruling
National Salvation Front scored victories in the country's first
free elections in more than 50 years.
1990 May 21, Israeli soldiers
shot and killed three Palestinians in violence sparked by the
slayings of seven Palestinians by an Israeli civilian a day earlier.
1990 May 22, Microsoft released
1990 May 22, Boxer Rocky
Graziano died in New York at age 71.
1990 May 22, After years of
conflict, pro-Western North Yemen and pro-Soviet South Yemen merged
to form the Republic of Yemen. The North was conservative and the
South was socialist. This day became an annual National Day holiday.
(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 5/22/98)(AFP, 5/23/12)
1990 May 23, Clinton’s campaign
for a 5th term as governor of Arkansas received a $60,000 loan from
the Perry County Bank. More cash was requested a few days later.
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A7)
1990 May 23, Neil Bush, son of
the president, denied any wrongdoing as a director of a failed
Denver savings-and-loan in testimony before Congress. The cost of
rescuing US savings & loan failures was put at up to $130
1990 May 23, The Soviet Union
unveiled an economic-reform program that included plans for a
1990 May 24, Darryl Cherney and
Judi Bari (11/7/49-3/2/97), environmental activists in the Earth
First! movement, were injured after a pipe bomb exploded in their
car as they drove through Oakland, Ca. They were arrested while in
the hospital on charges of transporting a bomb but the charges were
never filed. They later filed a suit against the FBI and Oakland
police for false arrest, illegal search and seizure and conspiracy
to violate free-speech rights. Bari died of liver cancer in 1997. In
2002 a jury awarded $2.9 million to Bari’s estate and $1.5 million
to Cherney saying the FBI had framed them as eco-terrorists. In 2004
the government settled civil suits for $2 million. In 2004 Kate
Coleman authored “The Secret Wars of Judi Bari."
(SFC,10/21/97, p.A20)(SFC, 6/12/02, p.A1)(SFC,
4/23/04, p.B1)(SFC, 1/18/05, p.D1)
1990 May 24, The Edmonton
Oilers won their fifth Stanley Cup as they defeated the Boston
Bruins, four games to one.
1990 May 25, A congressional
report cast doubts on the US Navy’s official finding that a troubled
sailor probably had caused the blast that killed 47 servicemen
aboard the battleship USS "Iowa."
1990 May 25, Vic Tayback (60),
actor (Mel-Alice), died of a heart attack.
1990 May 26, Soviet maverick
politician Boris N. Yeltsin failed in a second round of voting to
win the presidency of the Russian Federation. He succeeded in a
third round of balloting three days later.
1990 May 27, The political
opposition of Burma (Myanmar) scored a victory in the country’s
first free, multiparty elections in three decades. The military
rulers allowed democratic elections but ignored the results when the
National League of Aung San Suu Kyi won 392 of 485 contested seats.
(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(AP, 5/27/00)
1990 May 27, Cesar Gaviria
Trujillo was elected president of Colombia. Luis Carlos Galan,
Colombia presidential candidate, had been shot and killed while
campaigning south of Bogota. He was so far ahead in the polls for
the presidential elections that he was virtually assured of victory.
His campaign manager, Cesar Gaviria, ran in his place after the
attack and was elected president. Immediately after Galan's
assassination, the president at the time, Virgilio Barco, retaliated
by reinstating extraditions.
(AP, 5/27/00)(AP, 5/13/05)
1990 May 27, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev tried to calm his nation’s economic nerves with
a hastily scheduled television address. The radical Democratic Party
held its 1st political meetings in Moscow.
1990 May 28, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein opened a two-day Arab League summit in Baghdad with a
keynote address in which he said if Israel were to deploy nuclear or
chemical weapons against Arabs, Iraq would respond with "weapons of
1990 May 29, Dow Jones average
hits a record 2,870.49.
1990 May 29, Boris N. Yeltsin
was elected president of the Russian republic in the third round of
balloting by the Russian parliament. This gave him a base from which
to attack Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev.
(AP, 5/29/97)(HN, 5/29/99)
1990 May 29, Soviet
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited Canada en route to his
Washington summit with President Bush.
1990 May 29, Northern Peru was
struck by an earthquake that claimed as many as 200 lives.
1990 May 30, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Washington for his summit with
1990 May 31, Seinfeld, starring
Jerry Seinfeld, debuted on NBC. [see July 5, 1989]
1990 May 31, President Bush and
his wife, Barbara, welcomed Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev in
a ceremony on South Lawn of the White House. The two leaders and
their aides then held talks on German reunification.
1990 May 31, In NYC the Zodiac
killer shot a 3rd victim. Joseph Ponce died from his wound on June
1990 May, In Croatia Franjo
Tudjman led a party that advocated a Yugoslav confederation of
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 May, In Hungary Gyula Horn
became president of the Socialist Party, which he had helped shape
out of the ruins of the former communist party. The party had just
been soundly defeated in the first democratic elections in over four
1990 Jun 1, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed more than a dozen
bilateral accords in the second day of their Washington summit.
Meanwhile, Barbara Bush and Raisa Gorbachev traveled to Wellesley
College in Massachusetts to deliver commencement addresses.
1990 Jun 1, E! Entertainment
Television was launched.
1990 Jun 1, The Dow Jones Avg.
hit a record high of 2,900.97.
1990 Jun 2, On the third day of
their Washington summit, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail
S. Gorbachev held informal talks at the Camp David presidential
retreat in Maryland.
1990 Jun 2, Jack Gilford
(b.1908), comedic actor (Cocoon II), died of stomach cancer.
1990 Jun 2, Sir Rex
Harrison (82), actor (My Fair Lady), died in New York.
1990 Jun 2, Frederick Mellinger
(76), founder of Fredericks of Hollywood, died.
1990 Jun 3, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded their Washington
summit with a joint news conference at the White House. During their
4-day meeting they sealed agreements to slash long-range nuclear
weapons, halt production of chemical weapons and lift trade
barriers. Gorbachev and his delegation then flew to Minnesota for a
whirlwind tour of Minneapolis-St. Paul.
(AP, 6/3/00)(SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1990 Jun 3, "City of Angels"
won Best Musical and "The Grapes of Wrath" won Best Play at the 44th
1990 Jun 3, Robert Noyce
(b.1927), co-inventor of the integrated circuit, co-founder and 1st
CEO of Intel Corp. (1968), died at age 62. In 2005 Leslie Berlin
authored “The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the
Invention of Silicon Valley.
1990 Jun 4, Janet Adkins (54)
of Portland, Ore., became the first person to use a suicide machine
developed by Dr. Kevorkian. This began a national debate over the
right to die.
1990 Jun 4, Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev closed out his US visit in northern California,
where he held a reunion with former President Reagan and met with
South Korean President Roh Tae-woo in San Francisco, and addressed
students at Stanford University in Palo Alto.
1990 Jun 5, Authorities in
Oakland County, Michigan, moved to prevent Dr. Jack Kevorkian from
continuing to make available a suicide device that Janet Adkins, an
Oregon woman diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, had used a day
earlier to take her own life.
1990 Jun 5, In South Africa a
representative from the Legal Resources Centre (LRC) in Durban met
with the Commissioner of the SAP (South African Police) to call for
a change in the "cultural weapons" policy.
1990 Jun 5, Vasily V. Kuznetsov
(b.1901), president of USSR supreme soviet (1982-83, 85), died in
1990 Jun 6, A federal judge in
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, declared the 2 Live Crew album "As Nasty
As They Wanna Be" to be obscene. The decision was later overturned
1990 Jun 7, Barbara Baxley
(b.1923), actress (Norma Rae), died of a heart attack in NYC.
1990 Jun 7, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced he was lifting a four-year-old
state of emergency in three of the country’s four provinces, with
the exception of Natal.
1990 Jun 8, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir announced he had succeeded in forming a new
right-wing coalition government, ending a three-month-old political
1990 Jun 9, "Go and Go" won the
122nd running of the Belmont Stakes.
1990 Jun 10, Alberto Fujimori
was elected president of Peru by a narrow margin over novelist Mario
1990 Jun 10, Two members of the
rap group 2 Live Crew were arrested in Hollywood, Florida. They and
a third band member were acquitted of obscenity charges October
1990 Jun 11, A federal judge
sentenced former national security adviser John M. Poindexter to six
months in prison for making false statements to Congress about the
Iran-Contra affair. However, Poindexter’s convictions were later
1990 Jun 11, The US Supreme
Court struck down a federal law prohibiting desecration of the
1990 Jun 11, The UN appoints
Olivia Newton-John as its 1st Goodwill Ambassador to the
1990 Jun 12, In a speech to the
Supreme Soviet legislature, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev eased his
objection to a reunified Germany holding membership in NATO.
1990 Jun 12, Boris Yeltsin led
a vote at the Congress of Peoples Deputies on a "declaration of
Sovereignty for Russia." Russia Day became a national holiday
honoring this day, when Russian lawmakers decided that Russian laws
should take priority over Soviet Union laws.
(SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)(AP, 6/12/12)
1990 Jun 13, Secretary of State
James A. Baker the Third, testifying before the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, urged Israel to accept a US plan for peace talks.
Baker gave out the telephone number for the White House switchboard,
telling the Israelis publicly, "When you’re serious about this, call
1990 Jun 13, East German border
guards and demolition experts from the Bundeswehr started the
official demolition of the Berlin Wall.
1990 Jun 14, The US Supreme
Court upheld, by a six-to-three vote, police checkpoints that
examine drivers for signs of intoxication.
1990 Jun 15, Real estate mogul
Donald Trump missed a payment due on junk bonds used to finance one
of his Atlantic City, New Jersey, resorts.
1990 Jun 15, The Dublin regime
was established by the Dublin Convention and signed in Dublin,
Ireland. It first came into force on 1 September 1997. The EU’s
Dublin Rule said that people applying for asylum in an EU country
other than the one they first entered should be returned to that
1990 Jun 16, A crowd in the
Netherlands welcomed African National Congress leader Nelson
Mandela, who thanked them for staunch Dutch support for the
1990 Jun 17, South African
black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in
Ottawa, Canada, en route to an eleven-day tour of the United States.
1990 Jun 18, James Edward Pough
went on a shooting rampage at an auto-financing company office in
Jacksonville, Florida, after his car was repossessed. He fatally
wounded 8 people before killing himself.
(AP, 6/18/00)(SSFC, 8/8/04, p.A7)
1990 Jun 19, Opening statements
were presented in the drug and perjury trial of Washington DC Mayor
Marion S. Barry Junior. Barry was later convicted of a single count
of misdemeanor drug possession, and sentenced to six months in
1990 Jun 19, NYC's Zodiac
killer shot a 4th victim, Larry Parham, who survived.
1990 Jun 20, South African
black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in
New York City for a ticker-tape parade in their honor as they began
an eight-city US tour.
1990 Jun 20, The Communist
Initiative created its neoconservative Russian Communist Party.
Among the founders were Gennady Zyuganov, Valentin Kuptsov, and
Alexander Rutskoi. Gorbachev still ran the country.
(SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)
1990 Jun 21, An estimated
50,000 Iranians were killed in a magnitude 7.3 to 7.7 earthquake.
The earthquake killed some 35,000 people in Gilan and neighboring
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.C1)(AP, 6/21/00)(AP, 6/22/02)
1990 Jun 22, George W. Bush, a
director of Harken Energy Corp., a Texas oil company, sold 212,140
shares at $4 per share just before huge losses were reported.
Corporate disclosure of the sale was filed months later.
(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/9/02, p.A12)(WSJ,
1990 Jun 22, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed delegates at the United
Nations, where he said victory for a democratic, non-racial South
Africa was "within our grasp."
1990 Jun 23, The tune "That's
The Way Of The World" by D'Mob with Cathy Dennis hit #1 on Billboard
magazine’s Hot Dance Music/Club Play.
1990 Jun 23, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela received a tumultuous welcome in
Boston as he continued his US tour.
1990 Jun 24, Health and Human
Services Secretary Louis Sullivan was virtually drowned out by
jeering demonstrators as he addressed the Sixth International AIDS
conference in San Francisco.
1990 Jun 24, South African
black nationalist Nelson Mandela arrived in Washington.
1990 Jun 25, The US Supreme
Court ruled that family members cannot end the lives of comatose
relatives unless those relatives previously made their wishes known.
1990 Jun 25, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela met with President Bush at the White
1990 Jun 26, President Bush,
who’d campaigned for office on a pledge of "no new taxes," conceded
that tax increases would have to be included in any
deficit-reduction package worked out with congressional negotiators.
1990 Jun 26, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed the U.S. Congress, asking
for "material resources" to hasten the end of white-led rule.
1990 Jun 27, Jose Canseco
signed a record $4,700,000 per year baseball contract with the
1990 Jun 27, NASA announced
that a flaw in the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope was preventing
the instrument from achieving optimum focus.
1990 Jun 27, Salman Rushdie,
condemned to death by Iran, contributed $8600 to help their
1990 Jun 28, Jurors in the drug
and perjury trial of Washington DC Mayor Marion S. Barry Jr. viewed
a videotape showing Barry smoking crack cocaine during an FBI
hotel-room sting operation. Barry was later convicted of a single
count of misdemeanor drug possession.
1990 Jun 29, Fernando
Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers and Dave Stewart of the
Oakland A’s became the first pitchers to hurl no-hitters in both the
National and American Leagues on the same day. Oakland shut out the
Blue Jays, 5-to-0, while Los Angeles blanked the St. Louis
1990 Jun 30, Harken Energy
reported a $23 million 2nd quarter loss. George W. Bush was a
director at Harken.
(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)
1990 Jun 30, Mary Cobb (d.1998)
allegedly witnessed Maurice Caldwell pump shotgun blasts into a car
that resulted in one death and one serious injury at the Alemany
Housing Project. The mother of 2 children later reported the killing
to investigating police and identified Caldwell who was convicted
and sentenced to 34 years in prison. Mary Cobb died of lupus as age
37. In 2010 a judge ordered the conviction of Caldwell set aside
following a signed declaration by Maritte Funches that he and
accomplice Henry Martin were responsible. In 2011 Caldwell was
released after prosecutors learned that evidence in the case had
been destroyed. In 2012 Caldwell filed a federal civil rights suit
against San Francisco.
(SFC, 12/17/10, p.A1)(SFC, 3/26/11, p.C1)
1990 Jun 30, African National
Congress leader Nelson Mandela visited Oakland, California, a day
after receiving a star-studded welcome in Los Angeles.
1990 Jun, The FTC launched a
probe into possible collusion between Microsoft and IBM.
(Wired, 12/98, p.197)
1990 Jun, California voters
passed Prop. 115 with a 57% majority vote allowing prosecutors
access to public defense evidence before trial and eliminated
defendant’s rights to a preliminary hearing after a grand jury.
(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
1990 Jun, In Michigan Dr. Jack
Kevorkian asked Janet Good (d.1997 at 73) if he could use her house
for his first assisted suicide. She initially said ok but after
conferring with her husband, a retired police officer, declined the
request on the grounds that it might be illegal.
(SFC, 8/27/97, p.A9)
1990 Jun, At Cunningham Lake
near Omaha a fisherman caught a 2-pound black piranha.
(NH, 8/96, p.66)
1990 Jun, In Bulgaria the
former Communist Party, renamed the Socialist party, won
(SFC, 5/2/97, p.A14)
1990 Jun, Colombia’s Pres.
Cesar Gaviria and FARC held peace talks in Venezuela.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A13)
1990 Jun, In Kyrgyzstan about
300 people were killed in a violent land dispute between Kyrgyz and
Uzbeks in Osh, and only the quick deployment of Soviet troops
quelled the fighting.
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA5)(AP, 6/13/10)(Econ,
1990 Jun, In Romania
antigovernment protests left 6 people dead. In 2015 former Pres. Ion
Iliescu (85) faced charges for the deaths of 4 people, the shooting
of three others and depriving 1,000 people of their freedom.
(SFC, 10/22/15, p.A6)
1990 Jun, In Romania miners,
transported into Bucharest in government vehicles, destroyed
hundreds of Interior Ministry files. Over 2 years well organized
mobs of rural coal miners descended on Bucharest 4 times to knock
the heads of student leaders, opposition politicians and others.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1990 Jul 1, East Germans lined
up to obtain West German deutsche marks as a state treaty unifying
the monetary and economic systems of the two Germanys went into
1990 Jul 2, Some 1402 Muslim
pilgrims were killed in a stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel
leading to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It was worst hajj tragedy of
(AP, 7/2/00)(AP, 2/1/04)
1990 Jul 2, The Soviet Union’s
28th Communist Party congress opened with an address by President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who conceded mistakes while defending
1990 Jul 3, In Moscow, Kremlin
hard-liner Yegor K. Ligachev received an enthusiastic reception at a
Communist Party congress as he criticized reforms by President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev, saying perestroika had been marred by
1990 Jul 3, Maurice Girodias
(b.1919), French publisher, died.
1990 Jul 4, Rioting that left
three people dead erupted in 30 English towns following England’s
loss to West Germany in World Cup soccer.
1990 Jul 4, France performed
nuclear test at Muruora Island.
1990 Jul 5, NATO leaders opened
a two-day meeting in London to revise the alliance’s strategy in
light of easing East-West tensions in Europe and the unraveling of
the Warsaw Pact.
1990 Jul 6, NATO leaders
concluded two days of meetings in London, pledging to sharply reduce
both nuclear and conventional defenses in Europe.
1990 Jul 7, President Bush
welcomed fellow leaders of the Group of Seven countries, who were
gathering in Houston for their 16th annual economic summit.
1990 Jul 7, Martina Navratilova
captured a record-breaking ninth women’s title at Wimbledon,
outplaying Zina Garrison, 6-4, 6-1.
1990 Jul 8, Sweden’s Stefan
Edberg beat Boris Becker of West Germany to capture his second men’s
tennis championship at Wimbledon.
1990 Jul 8, West Germany won
the World Cup soccer championship by defeating Argentina, 1-to-0.
1990 Jul 9, Leaders of the
world’s seven richest nations opened a three-day economic summit in
Houston, the first such gathering in the post-Cold War era.
1990 Jul 10, The American
League shut out the National League, 2-to-0, in the 61st All-Star
1990 Jul 10, Mikhail S.
Gorbachev handily won re-election as leader of the Soviet Communist
1990 Jul 11, Leaders of the
so-called "Group of Seven" nations concluded their summit in Houston
by encouraging Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev to enact
reforms in return for Western aid.
1990 Jul 12, CBS introduced the
TV saga "Northern Exposure." The show ran to 1995. Margaret Phillips
(d.2002) played general-store owner Ruth-Anne Miller.
(SFC, 7/5/96, p.D5)(WSJ, 7/15/96, p.A9)(SFC,
1990 Jul 12, Russian republic
president Boris N. Yeltsin shocked the 28th congress of the Soviet
Communist Party by announcing he was resigning his party membership.
1990 Jul 13, 2 Live Crew
released "Banned in the USA."
1990 Jul 13, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev closed the Communist Party’s 28th congress by
saying he would welcome Western aid without political strings.
1990 Jul 14, West German
Chancellor Helmut Kohl arrived in Moscow for talks with Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev that were aimed at soothing Kremlin
concerns about German unification.
1990 Jul 15, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev and visiting West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
held talks on the issue of a united Germany’s membership in NATO.
1990 Jul 15, East Germany
opened its borders fully to Jews from the former Soviet republics.
(Econ, 5/7/05, p.48)
1990 Jul 15, Tens of thousands
of people marched in Moscow to protest the Communist Party’s control
of the government, the army and the KGB.
1990 Jul 16, NYC's Empire State
Building caught fire, but there were no fatalities.
1990 Jul 16, A 7.7 earthquake
in Philippines killed some 5,000 people.
1990 Jul 16, Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl announced
that Moscow had agreed to drop its objection to a united Germany’s
membership in NATO.
1990 Jul 16, The Ukraine
Parliament approved a declaration of State Sovereignty. The people's
deputies vote 339-5 to proclaim July 16 a national holiday.
1990 Jul 17, The seven nations
negotiating German unification reached agreement in Paris on
Poland’s permanent border, clearing the way for the merger of East
and West Germany.
1990 Jul 18, Dr. Karl
Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six
decades, died in Topeka, Kansas, four days short of his 97th
1990 Jul 19, President Bush
joined former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and Richard
M. Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace
in Yorba Linda, California.
1990 Jul 19, Baseball’s
all-time hits leader Pete Rose was sentenced in Cincinnati to five
months in prison for tax evasion.
1990 Jul 20, William J. Brennan
(1906-1997), US Supreme Court Justice, one of the court’s most
liberal voices, left office after serving over 33 years.
1990 Jul 20, A federal appeals
court set aside Oliver North’s Iran-Contra convictions, reversing
1990 Jul 21, A day after
Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan announced his retirement,
President Bush convened a meeting with key administration officials
to begin finding a replacement.
1990 Jul 22, American Greg
Lemond won his third Tour de France title.
1990 Jul 22, Raymond Mawby
(b.1922), a British ex-Conservative Party lawmaker, died. He had
briefly served as a junior minister in the mid-1960s and had
allegedly provided intelligence to spies working for Czechoslovakia,
then a communist state, for a decade from around 1961 to 1971. In
2012 the British government said it would investigate claims that he
had sold information to communist spies for a decade during the Cold
1990 Jul 22, Voters in Mongolia
began casting ballots in their Communist-ruled nation’s first
multiparty election ever.
1990 Jul 23, President George
H.W. Bush announced his choice of Judge David Souter of New
Hampshire to succeed retiring Justice William J. Brennan on
the US Supreme Court.
1990 Jul 23, As rebel forces
closed in on presidential palace, Liberian President Samuel K. Doe
refused to leave until the civil war was decided. Charles Taylor
tried to take Monrovia in this year. He had begun the war in Liberia
from the Ivory Coast in 1989.
(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 5/11/96,
1990 Jul 24, Iraq, accusing
Kuwait of conspiring to harm its economy through oil overproduction,
massed tens of thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks along the
Iraqi-Kuwaiti border. US warships in Persian Gulf were placed on
1990 Jul 25, Comedian Roseanne
Barr sparked controversy with an off-key rendition of the
"Star-Spangled Banner" during a double-header at Jack Murphy Stadium
in San Diego.
1990 Jul 25, The US ambassador
to Iraq, April Glaspie, met with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to
discuss Iraq’s economic dispute with Kuwait.
1990 Jul 25, The US Senate
formally denounced Senator Dave Durenberger (Republican, Minnesota)
for financial improprieties.
1990 Jul 26, US Congress passed
and Pres. George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act
(WSJ, 7/26/95, p.A-12)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C10)
1990 Jul 26, The US House of
Representatives reprimanded Congressman Barney Frank, (Democrat,
Massachusetts) for ethics violations.
1990 Jul 26, The US Centers for
Disease Control reported that a young woman, later identified as
Kimberly Bergalis, had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently
by her dentist.
1990 Jul 27, Louisiana Governor
Buddy Roemer vetoed a tough abortion bill passed by his state’s
1990 Jul 27, A mistrial was
declared in Raymond Buckey’s retrial on charges of molesting
children at the McMartin Pre-School in California.
1990 Jul 27, Zsa Zsa Gabor
began a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop in 1989.
1990 Jul 27, In Trinidad Yasin
Abu Bakr and 114 rebels set off a car bomb that gutted the police
station in front of Parliament. They then stormed into the
legislature, spraying bullets, and took the prime minister and his
Cabinet hostage in a rebellion that killed 24 people.
1990 Jul 27, White Russia
(Belarus) declared sovereignty.
1990 Jul 28, A blackout hit
1990 Jul 28, Political newcomer
and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.
1990 Jul 29, Bruno Kreisky,
Austria’s longest-serving chancellor and an architect of its policy
of neutrality, died at age 79.
1990 Jul 30, George
Steinbrenner was forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as
principal partner of NY Yankees.
1990 Jul 30, GM’s first Saturn
car rolled off the line at Spring Hill, Tennessee. In the fall, GM
introduced its all-new Saturn cars to compete against the imports in
the small car market. Roger Smith, GM’s CEO, announced the secret
Saturn project in 1985 in order to "leap-frog" the Japanese car
1990 Jul 30, British
Conservative Party lawmaker Ian Gow was killed in a bombing claimed
by the Irish Republican Army.
1990 Jul 30, In Monrovia,
Liberia, soldiers opened fire on worshippers in church over 600 Gios
and Manos were killed.
1990 Jul 31, Pitcher Nolan Ryan
of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games
as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-to-3.
1990 Jul 31, Shoal Creek, a
private club in Birmingham, Alabama, that drew criticism for being
all-white, announced it had accepted a black businessman as an
1990 Jul 31, The Assembly of
Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted constitutional amendments by which
Bosnia-Herzegovina was declared a democratic state of equal citizens
of the peoples of BH, Moslems, Serbs, Croats and others.
1990 Jul, In Albania young
people demonstrated against the regime in Tirana, 5,000 citizens
sought refuge in foreign embassies. Delegates of the parliament of
Kosova declared the independence of Kosova from Serbia. Subsequently
Serbia abolished the parliament and government of Kosova, closed
down the only Albanian daily, and took over the state-owned
television and radio. The Albanians of Kosovo voted for sovereignty
and elected a shadow government that was banned by Milosevic. In
1992 Ibrahim Rugova (1944-2006) was elected president and Fehmi
Agani was the vice-president.
(SFC,12/10/97, p.C2)(www, Albania, 1998)(Econ,
1990 Jul, A bomb blast in the
eastern city of Lahore killed a woman and 3 men. Sarabjit Singh was
later arrested, convicted and sentenced to death for the bombing. In
2005 his death sentence was upheld. Relatives said he is a farmer
who crossed the border into Pakistan while drunk, and then was
confused with a man named Manjit Singh, whom Pakistan blames for a
series of bombings in Lahore. In 2012 President Asif Ali Zardari
commuted the death sentence of Sarabjit Singh to life in prison, the
equivalent of time served in this case.
(AFP, 9/27/05)(AP, 6/26/12)
1990 Jul, The Milosevic regime
ordered the mass firing of ethnic Albanians from all civil service
(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A6)
1990 Aug 1, Robert Stempel took
charge at GM.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv.
1990 Aug 1, Iraq pulled out of
talks with Kuwait.
1990 Aug 1, In Trinidad, dozens
of Muslim militants surrendered and freed 42 hostages they had
seized six days earlier in a failed bid to overthrow the government.
Jamaat al Muslimeen, a Trinidadian radical Muslim group led by Yasin
Abu Bakr (formerly Lennox Phillip), launched the unsuccessful
rebellion that left 24 dead.
(AP, 8/1/00)(AP, 6/3/07)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.44)
1990 Aug 2, Norman Maclean
(b.1902), writer and professor of English, died in Chicago. His
books included "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories" (1976).
1990 Aug 2, Iraq invaded
Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. The day came to be
known in Kuwait as "Black Thursday." 330 Kuwaitis died during the
occupation and war. Sadam Hussein, leader of Iraq, took over Kuwait.
US Pres. George H.W. Bush led an inter-national coalition for
sanctions and a demand for withdrawal. The Iraqis were later driven
out in Operation Desert Storm.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(TMC, 1994, p.1990)(AP,
8/2/97)(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.C18)
1990 Aug 2, By a vote of 14-0,
the United Nations Security Council condemned the invasion and
annexation of Kuwait by Iraq and demanded in Resolution 660 the
unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1990 Aug 2, Yasser Arafat
supported Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. This resulted in the PLO’s
(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1990 Aug 3, US announced the
commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions.
1990 Aug 3, Radio Kuwait went
off the air due to the Iraqi invasion.
1990 Aug 3, A day after Iraq
invaded Kuwait, thousands of Iraqi soldiers pushed to within a few
miles of the border with Saudi Arabia, heightening world concerns
that the invasion could spread.
1990 Aug 4, In Armenia Levon
Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected Chairman of the Armenian Supreme
1990 Aug 4, The European
Community imposed an embargo on imports of oil from Iraq and Kuwait
to protest the Baghdad government’s invasion of its oil-rich
1990 Aug 5, An angry President
Bush again denounced the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, telling
reporters, "This will not stand. This will not stand, this
aggression against Kuwait."
1990 Aug 5, In Cairo the 19th
Islamic Conference of foreign Ministers adopted the “Cairo
Declaration," which laid out an alternative view of liberty. The
member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)
attached a rider that the application of all human rights should be
subordinated to sharia law.
1990 Aug 6, JonBenet Ramsey,
little beauty queen, was born. She was murdered in 1996 at her home
1990 Aug 6, The UN Security
Council (Resolution 651) ordered a worldwide embargo on trade with
Iraq to punish the Baghdad regime for invading Kuwait.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(NH, 9/96, p.14)(AP,
8/6/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1990 Aug 6, Pakistan’s PM
Benazir Bhutto was ousted after 20 months in office by Pres. Ghulam
Ishaq Khan on charges of incompetence and corruption. An interim
government was led by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. It was later estimated
that $1.5 billion was received in bribes, kickbacks and commissions
from a variety of enterprises.
(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A9)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B10)
1990 Aug 7, President Bush
ordered US troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the
oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion by Iraq. The US
Persian Gulf War began. Operation Desert Shield ended Feb 28, 1991.
It cost $8.1 billion and left 383 US casualties with 458 wounded.
(AP, 8/7/99)(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1990 Aug 7, The UN imposed
sanctions on Iraq and devastated the economy.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1990 Aug 8, Pete Rose began a
5-month prison term at Marion (IL) Federal prison camp.
1990 Aug 8, As the Persian Gulf
crisis deepened, American forces began taking up positions in Saudi
Arabia; Iraq announced it had annexed Kuwait as its 19th province;
President Bush warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that "a line
has been drawn in the sand."
1990 Aug 9, A week after Iraq
invaded Kuwait, Western European diplomats and Arab witnesses
reported that Iraq had virtually sealed its borders, preventing
thousands of foreigners from leaving Iraq or Kuwait.
1990 Aug 10, Washington DC
Mayor Marion Barry was convicted of a single misdemeanor drug charge
and acquitted on another; the judge declared a mistrial on 12 other
1990 Aug 10, US's Magellan
spacecraft landed on Venus.
1990 Aug 10, Martha Dodd
(b.1908), US-born former spy, died in the Czech Rep. She and her
husband spied for the Soviet Union against her native United States
from before World War II until the height of the Cold War.
1990 Aug 11, Egyptian and
Moroccan troops arrived in Saudi Arabia to join US forces in helping
to protect the desert kingdom from possible Iraqi attack.
1990 Aug 12, Air Force Staff
Sergeant John Campisi of West Covina, California, died after being
hit by a military truck in Saudi Arabia, becoming the first US
casualty of the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug 12, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein sought to tie any withdrawal of his troops from
Kuwait to an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied West Bank and Gaza
1990 Aug 13, President Bush
ordered Defense Secretary Dick Cheney to the Persian Gulf for the
second time since Iraq invaded Kuwait. American combat troops in
Saudi Arabia, meanwhile, were told to prepare for a long stay.
1990 Aug 13, Alejandro Otero
(b.1921), Venezuelan painter of Geometric abstraction, a sculptor, a
writer and a cultural promoter, died in Caracas.
1990 Aug 14, Interrupting his
vacation in Kennebunkport, Maine, President Bush returned to
Washington, where he told reporters he saw no hope for a diplomatic
solution to the Persian Gulf crisis, at least until economic
sanctions forced Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
1990 Aug 14, Denver voted for a
1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise.
1990 Aug 15, In an attempt to
gain support against the US-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy
1990 Aug 16, President Bush met
with Jordan’s King Hussein in Kennebunkport, Maine, where he urged
the monarch to close Iraq’s access to the sea through the port of
1990 Aug 16, In Iraq, President
Saddam Hussein issued a statement in which he repeatedly called Bush
a "liar" and said the outbreak of war could result in "thousands of
Americans wrapped in sad coffins."
1990 Aug 17, The film "The
Exorcist 3" premiered.
1990 Aug 17, The Commerce
Department reported the US trade deficit shrank to $8.17 billion in
1990 Aug, 17, Phyllis Polaner,
former aide to his ex-wife Robin Givens, sued Mike Tyson (b.1966)
for sexual harassment. A New York City civil jury found Tyson
committed battery but that his behavior was "not outrageous."
1990 Aug 17, Pearl Bailey
(b.1918), Broadway actress, singer, died in Philadelphia from a
heart attack at age 72.
1990 Aug 18, A US frigate fired
warning shots across the bow of an Iraqi oil tanker in the Gulf of
Oman, apparently the first shots fired by the US in the Persian Gulf
1990 Aug 19, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein offered to free all foreigners detained in Iraq and
Kuwait provided the United States promise to withdraw its forces
from Saudi Arabia and guarantee that an international economic
embargo would be lifted.
1990 Aug 20, George
Steinbrenner stepped down as NY Yankee owner.
1990 Aug 20, For the first time
since Iraq began detaining foreigners, President Bush publicly
referred to the detainees as hostages, and demanded their release.
Iraq moved Western hostages to military installations (human
1990 Aug 20, Three former
Northwest Airlines pilots were convicted in Minneapolis of flying
1990 Aug 20, In Poland 16
people were killed in a collision involving two trains in the Warsaw
suburb of Ursus.
1990 Aug 21, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein delivered a speech in which he defended the detaining
of foreigners in his country, and promised "a major catastrophe"
should fighting break out in the Persian Gulf.
1990 Aug 22, President Bush
signed an order calling up reservists to bolster the US military
buildup in the Persian Gulf.
1990 Aug 23, David Rose
(b.1910), composer (Holiday for Strings, Stripper), died.
1990 Aug 23, Armenia declared
1990 Aug 23, East and West
Germany announced that they would unite Oct 3. The details of
reunification were designed by interior minister Wolfgang Schauble.
1990 Aug 23, Iraqi state
television showed President Saddam Hussein meeting with a group of
about 20 Western detainees, telling the group—whom he described as
"guests"—that they were being held "to prevent the scourge of war."
1990 Aug 24, Iraqi troops
surrounded foreign missions in Kuwait.
1990 Aug 24, Irish hostage
Brian Keenan was released by his captors in Lebanon after being held
more than four years.
1990 Aug 24, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev sent a message to Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein warning the Persian Gulf situation was "extremely
1990 Aug 24, Sergei Dovlatov
(b.1941), one of the most popular Russian writers of the late 20th
century, died in NYC. Dovlatov had circulated his writings through
samizdat and by having them smuggled into Western Europe for
publication in foreign journals; an activity that caused his
expulsion from the Union of Soviet Journalists in 1976. He emigrated
to American in 1979. His books included “The Invisible Book" (1977).
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Dovlatov)(Econ, 10/22/16, SR
1990 Aug 25, The United Nations
gave the world’s navies the right to use force to stop vessels
trading with Iraq.
1990 Aug 26, Fifty-five
Americans, who had been evacuated from the US Embassy in Kuwait,
left Baghdad by car and headed for the Turkish border.
1990 Aug 26, The bodies of two
slain college students were found in their off-campus apartment in
Gainesville, Florida; three more bodies were discovered in the days
that followed, setting off a wave of panic.
1990 Aug 27, Fifty-two
Americans reached freedom in Turkey after they were allowed to leave
Iraq; three young men originally in the group, however, were
detained by the Iraqis. In Washington, the State Department ordered
the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats.
1990 Aug 28, German spy Juergen
Mohamed Gietler was arrested for passing military information to
Iraq. He provided Iraq with intelligence reports on US military
plans that included what the West knew of Iraqi Scud-B missile
sites. He was convicted in a secret trial in 1991, sentenced to 5
years in prison and released in 1994 after which he moved to Egypt.
(SFC,11/18/97, p.B1)(SFC,12/24/97, p.A6)
1990 Aug 28, Iraq declared
occupied Kuwait the 19th province of Iraq, renamed Kuwait City
Kadhima, and created a new district named after President Saddam
Hussein. A puppet regime under Alaa Hussein was set up. Alaa Hussein
was convicted of treason in 2000 and sentenced to death. Saddam
Hussein, saying he sympathized with his foreign captives, pledged to
free detained women and children.
(RTH, 8/28/99)(SFC, 5/4/00, p.A18)(AP, 8/28/00)
1990 Aug 29, A defiant Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein declared in a television interview that
America could not defeat Iraq, saying, "I do not beg before anyone."
1990 Aug 30, President Bush
told a news conference that a "new world order" could emerge from
the Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug 30, Edmund G. Love
(b.1912), Michigan-based writer, died in Flint. His book ''Subways
Are for Sleeping'' (1957) was the basis for the Broadway musical
(LSA, Spring, 2009,
1990 Aug 30, In Colombia a
series of abductions began with the kidnapping of Diana Turbay, a
Bogota TV news director and daughter of former president Julio Cesar
Turbay. The abductions were by the Medellin drug cartel under Pablo
Escobar. In 1997 Gabriel Garcia Marquez published his documentation
of the events in "News of a Kidnapping."
(SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.1,6)
1990 Aug 30, UN
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar arrived in Jordan to try
to mediate the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug 30, Tatarstan
proclaimed sovereignty. This was not recognized by Russia. The
declaration on the Republic of Tatarstan state sovereignty was
adopted immediately after the declaration on the sovereignty of the
Russian Federation, which provided the peoples' right "to
self-determination in the national-state and national-cultural forms
they have chosen."
1990 Aug 31, East & West
Germany signed a treaty to join legal & political systems.
1990 Aug 31, UN
Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iraqi
Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz in Amman, Jordan, trying to negotiate a
solution to the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Aug, In Albania the
government abandoned its monopoly on foreign commerce and began to
open Albania to foreign trade.
(www, Albania, 1998)
1990 Aug, In Armenia Levon
Ter-Petrosyan (52) was elected as President.
(SFC, 2/4/98, p.C2)
1990 Aug, Jose Luiz Santana,
the former president of Brazil's nuclear energy commission, known by
its Portuguese acronym CNEN, said in 2005 that the military was
preparing a test explosion when the program was ultimately
dismantled in August 1990.
1990 Aug, South Ossetia, a
region of north central Georgia with a population of about 100,000,
declared itself sovereign. Ethnic Ossetians speak a language similar
to Persian. Georgia abolished South Ossetia’s autonomous status
following the attempted break. Georgian leader Zviad Gamsakhurdia
declared South Ossetia part of Georgia and marched on Tskhinvali,
the declared capital.
(SFC, 9/1/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/27/08, p.A12)
1990 Sep 1, President Bush
announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would
meet in Helsinki, Finland, for a "free-flowing" one-day summit on
the Persian Gulf crisis and other issues.
1990 Sep 2, Dave Stieb of the
Toronto Blue Jays hurled a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians,
1990 Sep 2, Brian Watkins (22),
a tourist from Utah, was stabbed in the heart and died in NYC while
defending his family from muggers. Seven young men were convicted in
the case. In 2015 a judge overturned the conviction of Johnny
Hincapie (43) and ordered a new trial. Hincapie had testified that a
detective beat him to get a signed confession.
12/8/12, p.31)(SFC, 10/7/15, p.A7)
1990 Sep 2, Dozens of Americans
reached freedom in the first major airlift of Westerners from Iraq
during the month-old Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Sep 2, The UN Convention
on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) entered into force. As of 2008
only the United States and Somalia had failed to ratify the
1990 Sep 3, President Bush
returned to Washington from his Maine vacation home to prepare for
his summit in Finland with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1990 Sep 3, Dr. David Acer, a
Florida dentist, died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his
patients with the HIV virus.
1990 Sep 4, The air evacuation
of Western women and children stranded in Iraq and Kuwait resumed,
with 25 Americans among the nearly 300 who made it to Jordan.
1990 Sep 5, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein urged Arabs to rise up in a Holy War against the West
and former allies who had turned against him.
1990 Sep 5, In Moscow, Soviet
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq
1990 Sep 6, In San Jose, Ca.,
the new National Hockey League expansion team chose the nickname
Sharks. Play will start in the Fall of 1991.
(SSFC, 9/6/15, DB p.50)
1990 Sep 6, Iraq increased
pressure on trapped Westerners, warning that anyone trying to leave
without permission could face life in prison.
1990 Sep 7, President Bush left
for his one-day Finland summit with Soviet President Mikhail S.
1990 Sep 7, Kimberly Bergalis
of Fort Pierce, Florida, came forward to identify herself as the
young woman who had been infected with AIDS, apparently by her late
dentist. Bergalis died the following year.
1990 Sep 7, A.J.P. Taylor
(b.1906), English historian, died in London. He specialized in 19th-
and 20th-century European diplomacy. His work included the
best-selling biography of Bismarck, titled “Bismarck: The Man and
the Statesman" (1955) and “The Origins of the Second World War"
(1961). His book: "From the Boer War to the Cold War: Essays on
Twentieth Century Europe," was published in 1995 and reviewed by Max
1990 Sep 8, Gabriela Sabatini
won the US Open women’s championship and her first grand slam title
as she defeated Steffi Graf.
1990 Sep 8, Marjorie Judith
Vincent of Illinois was crowned Miss America.
1990 Sep 8, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Helsinki, Finland,
for a one-day summit sparked by the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Sep 9, Pete Sampras
defeated Andre Agassi to win the US Open men’s title.
1990 Sep 9, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev held a one-day summit in
Helsinki, Finland, after which they joined in condemning Iraq’s
invasion of Kuwait.
1990 Sep 9, Liberian dictator
Pres. Samuel K. Doe was killed after being captured by rebels led by
Prince Johnson. Doe was tortured by rivals and bled to death after
an ear was cut off. The remains of Doe’s Krahn-dominated army
composed the AFL or Armed Forces of Liberia.
(SFC, 4/10/96, p.A-4)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)(AP,
1990 Sep 9, Alexandr Men,
Russian Biblical scholar and writer, was murdered by an ax-wielding
assailant just outside his home of Semkhoz, Russia.
1990 Sep 10, The Ellis Island
Immigration Museum opened following a 6-year, $170 million
1990 Sept 10, In Catamarca,
Argentina, the body of 17-year-old Maria Soledad Morales was found.
She had been tortured, mutilated and killed. Her murder was covered
up by local authorities and as of 1996 no one had yet been charged.
(WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1990 Sep 10, Iran agreed to
resume full diplomatic ties with onetime enemy Iraq.
1990 Sep 10, In Ivory Coast
Pope Paul II consecrated the Basilique Notre Dame de la Paix on the
condition that a hospital for the poor be built next door. It was
constructed between 1985 and 1989 at a cost of $300 million. Work on
the hospital began in 2012.
(Econ, 6/16/12, p.60)(http://tinyurl.com/ne47e)
1990 Sep 11, President Bush
addressed Congress on the Persian Gulf crisis, vowing that "Saddam
Hussein will fail" in his takeover of Kuwait.
1990 Sep 11, In Guatemala City
sociologist Myrna Mack was stabbed 27 times to death. Gen’l. Edgar
Augusto Godoy and Colonels Juan Valencia Osorio and Juan Guillermo
Oliva ordered Noel de Jesus Beteta, a soldier, to kill Mack. Beteta
later received a 30 year sentence for the crime. The officers in
1997 sought amnesty under a new treaty. Myrna Mack was an
anthropologist working on the ecological effects of the nation’s
refugee policies and the genocide of Maya Indians. The officers were
ordered to stand trial in 1999. In 2002 Beteta recanted his
confession. In 2003 an appeals court freed Col. Juan Valencia.
(SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/21/97, p.A18)(SFC,
4/28/98, p.A8)(SFC, 1/30/99, p.A14)(AP, 9/18/02)(SFC, 5/8/03, p.A14)
1990 Sep 12, The TV drama
“Gabriel’s Fire" premiered with James Earl Jones as Gabriel Bird.
(LSA, Fall, 2007,
1990 Sep 12, Representatives of
the World War Two allies and West and East Germany signed the Two
Plus Four Treaty in Moscow giving international sanction to German
1990 Sep 13, NBC’s
cop-courtroom drama "Law & Order" premiered on NBC.
1990 Sep 13, The Senate
Judiciary Committee opened its first day of confirmation hearings
for Supreme Court nominee David H. Souter, who firmly refused to
discuss his views on abortion.
1990 Sep 13, The UN Security
Council at its 2939th meeting adopted Resolution 666, regarding
foodstuffs to be supplied to the civilian population in Iraq or
Kuwait in order to relieve human suffering.
1990 Sep 14, Ken Griffey, Sr.
and Jr, hit back-to-back HRs in the 1st inning.
1990 Sep 14, During the Persian
Gulf crisis, the US Navy reported that American troops had fired a
warning shot at an Iraqi tanker, then boarded it briefly before
allowing it to proceed.
1990 Sep 15, France announced
it would send 4,000 more soldiers to the Persian Gulf and expel
Iraqi military attaches in Paris in response to Iraq’s raids on
French, Belgian and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Kuwait.
1990 Sep 16, Iraqi television
broadcast an eight-minute videotaped address by President Bush, who
warned the Iraqi people that Saddam Hussein’s brinkmanship could
plunge them into war "against the world."
1990 Sep 17, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney sacked Air Force chief of staff General Mike Dugan for
openly discussing contingency plans to launch massive air strikes
against Baghdad and target Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
1990 Sep 17, Supreme Court
nominee David H. Souter concluded three days of testimony before the
Senate Judiciary Committee.
1990 Sep 18, The SF Giants
cited rising player salaries and sought to raise ticket prices for a
3rd year in a row. Upper reserved seats at Candlestick would jump
from $7 to $8 if approved by the SF Recreation and park Dept.
(SSFC, 9/13/15, DB p.50)
1990 Sep 18, The city of
Atlanta was named the site of the 1996 Summer Olympics.
1990 Sep 18, Former
savings-and-loan chief executive Charles H. Keating was jailed in
Los Angeles in lieu of $5 million bail after he was indicted on
criminal fraud charges.
1990 Sep 19, Iraq began
confiscating foreign assets from countries that were imposing
sanctions against the Baghdad government.
1990 Sep 20, Demanding equal
time, Iraq asked US networks to broadcast a message by President
Saddam Hussein in response to President Bush’s videotaped address to
the Iraqi people.
1990 Sep 21, Italian judge
Rosario Livatino (b.1952) was killed by the Cosa Nostra in Sicily.
His story inspired a novel, Il giudice ragazzino ("The Boy Judge"),
written by Nando Dalla Chiesa in 1992, and this was made into a film
with the same title in 1994 by director Alessandro di Robilant. In
2020 Pope Francis said he was a martyr for the faith and could be
beatified, or declared "Blessed".
1990 Sep 21, During a meeting
of the Supreme Soviet, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev scolded
legislators for dragging its feet on an economic rescue plan, and
asked for sweeping new emergency powers to stabilize the economy.
1990 Sep 22, Saudi Arabia
expelled most of the Yemeni and Jordanian envoys in Riyadh, accusing
them of unspecified "activities jeopardizing the peace and security
of the kingdom."
1990 Sep 23, PBS began an 11
hour miniseries by Ken Burns on the American Civil War.
1990 Sep 23, Iraq threatened to
destroy Middle East oil fields and attack Israel if other nations
tried to force it from Kuwait.
1990 Sep 23, South African
President F.W. de Klerk arrived in the US for talks with President
1990 Sep 24, South
African President F.W. de Klerk met at the White House with
1990 Sep 24, East Germany
signed a treaty with the Soviet Union ending its membership in the
1990 Sep 24, The Supreme Soviet
voted to give preliminary approval to a plan for switching the
Soviet Union to a free-market economy.
1990 Sep 25, In a videotaped
message to Americans, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein warned that if
President Bush launched a war against his country, "it would not be
up to him to end it."
1990 Sep 25, The UN Security
Council voted 14-to-1 to impose an air embargo against Iraq. Cuba
cast the lone dissenting vote.
1990 Sep 26, The Motion Picture
Association of America announced it had created a new rating,
"NC-17," designed to bar moviegoers under the age of 17 from certain
films without the commercial stigma of the old "X" rating.
1990 Sep 26, Alberto Moravia,
Italian writer (Woman in Red), died at 82.
1990 Sep 27, The US Senate
Judiciary Committee approved the Supreme Court nomination of David
1990 Sep 27, The deposed emir
of Kuwait delivered an emotional address to the UN General Assembly
in which he denounced the "rape, destruction and terror" inflicted
upon his country by Iraq.
1990 Sep 28, The exiled emir of
Kuwait visited the White House, where he told President Bush the
Iraqis were destroying and looting his country.
1990 Sep 29, Top leaders of
Congress and the Bush administration began closed-door negotiations
in an attempt to reach an eleventh-hour budget agreement.
1990 Sep 29, The YF22 fighter,
an American prototype fighter aircraft designed by Northrop and
McDonnell Douglas, was first flown by Lockheed test pilot Dave
1990 Sep 30, President Bush and
congressional leaders forged a $500 billion five-year compromise
package of tax increases and spending cuts.
1990 Sep 30, Serbs in Croatia
1990 Sep, The 1st gene therapy
experiment took place at the NIH.
(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A7)
1990 Sep, San Mateo County,
Ca., and PG&E held a public meeting to tell residents of Daly
City’s Midway Village about the contaminated soil on the site.
Residents wee informed that toxic wastes have been found in about
one of every four of the buildings.
(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)(SFC, 3/2/09, p.B1)
1990 Sep, A 61-year-old woman
disappeared in NYC and her dismembered body was found weeks later in
two plastic bags. In 2007 Montenegro police arrested Smail Tulja
(67) in his home in Montenegro's capital, Podgorica, on an
international arrest warrant that the authorities received from FBI
and Interpol agents. He was wanted for the killing and dismemberment
of an elderly woman in New York City in 1990 and is also suspected
in similar slayings of women throughout Europe.
1990 Sep, In Iraq biological
weapons scientists took control of a foot-and-mouth vaccine plant in
Daura and began producing anthrax and botulinum toxin.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1990 Sep, Transdniestria
declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite
with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
1990 Oct 1, President Bush,
addressing the UN General Assembly, again condemned Iraq’s takeover
of Kuwait, but also suggested an unconditional military withdrawal
could help speed an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.
1990 Oct 1, Curtis E. LeMay
(83), Air Force General and VP candidate, died at March Air Force
1990 Oct 2, President Bush,
trying to muster acceptance for a $500 billion package of tax
increases and spending cuts, asked Americans in a televised address
to support the plan.
1990 Oct 2, The US Senate voted
90-to-9 to confirm the nomination of Judge David H. Souter to the
1990 Oct 3, West Germany
and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the
creation of a new unified country. Formal reunification took place
after a unification treaty was ratified by the Federal Republic‘s
Bundestag and the German Democratic Republic‘s People‘s Chamber in
September. Kurt Masur (1927-2015) directed Beethoven's Ninth
Symphony at the official celebrations. Irish PM Charles Haughey was
instrumental in securing backing for German unity by assuaging
French and British concerns.
(AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 11/10/99)(AP,
12/19/15)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.16)
1990 Oct 3, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein made his first known visit to Kuwait since his
country seized control of the oil-rich emirate.
1990 Oct 4, For the first time
in nearly six decades, German lawmakers met in the Reichstag for the
first meeting of reunified Germany’s parliament.
1990 Oct 5, The US House of
Representatives rejected a $500 billion budget agreement forged by
congressional leaders and the Bush administration.
1990 Oct 5, A jury in
Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity
charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by
1990 Oct 5, Meir Kahane (58),
founder of Jewish defense league, was assassinated in NYC by an Arab
1990 Oct 6, President Bush
vetoed stopgap spending legislation passed by Congress following the
collapse of a deficit-reducing budget agreement.
1990 Oct 6, The space shuttle
“Discovery" blasted off on a four-day mission. NASA launched the
Ulysses solar probe, an American and European spacecraft, aboard the
space shuttle Discovery. It ceased operations in 2008.
10/6/00)(SFC, 6/13/08, p.A5)
1990 Oct 6, Four people were
killed in a balloon crash at Gaenserndorf, near Vienna.
1990 Oct 7, The US House and
Senate Democrats put together a modified budget proposal, following
the failure of an earlier plan and the veto of stopgap spending
legislation by President Bush.
1990 Oct 7, Grim Natwick
(b.1890), American animator and film director, died. He created
Betty Boop in 1930.
1990 Oct 7, Israel began
handing out gas masks to its citizens in case of attack by Iraq.
1990 Oct 8, American doctors
Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas were named recipients of the
Nobel Prize in medicine for their discoveries about organ and cell
transplantation in the treatment of human disease.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(AP, 10/8/00)
1990 Oct 8, The US House
approved a revised deficit-reducing budget plan, and both chambers
of Congress approved stopgap spending legislation to end a
1990 Oct 8, Israeli police
opened fire on rioting Palestinians on the Temple Mount in
Jerusalem, killing 17.
1990 Oct 9, President Bush told
a news conference he would be willing to consider higher income tax
rates for the wealthy, but later appeared to back off that stand.
1990 Oct 9, David Hackett
Souter was sworn in as a US Supreme Court judge.
(NW, 7/7/03, p.48)
1990 Oct 10, The Oakland A’s
swept to the American League pennant and their third straight World
Series by defeating the Boston Red Sox, 3-to-1.
1990 Oct 10, The space shuttle
"Discovery" landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California,
ending a virtually flawless four-day mission.
1990 Oct 11, The Center for
Urban Archaeology opened in NYC South Street Seaport Museum.
1990 Oct 11, Octavio Paz was
named the winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, the first
Mexican writer so honored.
1990 Oct 11, The first flight
of the X-31 took place. The collaborative US-German Rockwell-MBB
X-31 Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability program was designed to test
fighter thrust vectoring technology.
1990 Oct 11, About 60-thousand
people rallied in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in support of a government
proposal to seize all Communist Party property without compensation.
1990 Oct 12, The Cincinnati
Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh
1990 Oct 12, Wolfgang Schauble
(b.1942), German politician, was the target of an assassination
attempt by Dieter Kaufmann, who fired 3 shots at Schäuble after an
election campaign event in Oppenau. Schauble was left paralyzed from
the waist down. In 2009 he was appointed finance minister under
Chancellor Angel Merkel.
1990 Oct 12, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to condemn Israel’s security forces for
killing 17 Palestinian demonstrators on the Temple Mount.
1990 Oct 13, At the start of a
three-day conference in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, the crown prince of
Kuwait promised greater democracy for the emirate if it were freed
from Iraqi occupation.
1990 Oct 13, In Lebanon, rebel
Christian General Michel Aoun ended his mutiny against the
government. Syrian forces defeated the army under Aoun. Jihad
Georges Eid (20) a soldier in the Lebanese army, was taken from
Lebanon by Syrian troops on the day of the last battle in the civil
war. For the next 20 plus years, more than 600 families, Lebanese
and Palestinian, Muslim and Christian, demanded authorities reveal
the fate of thousands of political prisoners believed to have
disappeared at the hands of Syrian troops.
(AP, 10/13/00)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)(AFP, 10/13/11)
1990 Oct 13, The 1st Russian
Orthodox service in 70 yrs was held in St. Basil's Cathedral.
1990 Oct 13, Le Duc Tho,
co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party, died in Hanoi at age
79. He was the 1975 North Vietnamese negotiator in Paris.
(AP, 10/13/00)(MC, 10/13/01)
1990 Oct 14, Leonard Bernstein
(b.1918), American composer and conductor, died in New York City. In
2009 Barry Seldes authored “Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of
an American Musician."
(AP, 10/14/97)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.85)
1990 Oct 15, Soviet Union
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev was named the winner of the Nobel
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/15/97)
1990 Oct 15, South Africa’s
Separate Amenities Act, which barred blacks from public facilities
for decades, was formally scrapped.
1990 Oct 16, The
Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A’s 7-to-0 in game one of the World
1990 Oct 16, US forces reached
200,000 in Persian Gulf.
1990 Oct 16, Comedian Steve
Martin and his wife, actress Victoria Tennant, visited American GI’s
in Saudi Arabia.
1990 Oct 16, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev submitted to the Soviet legislature a
scaled-back plan to transform the Soviet economy to a free-market
1990 Oct 17, "Les Miserables,"
opened at Imperial Theatre, NYC and His Majesty's Theatre, Perth.
1990 Oct 17, The Cincinnati
Reds opened up a two games-to-none World Series lead, beating the
Oakland A’s 5-to-4.
1990 Oct 17, In testimony
before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Secretary of State
James Baker said Iraqi President Saddam Hussein "must fail if peace
is to succeed."
1990 Oct 18, Iraq offered to
sell its oil to anyone—including the United States—for $21 a barrel,
the same price level that preceded the invasion of Kuwait.
1990 Oct 19, The Cincinnati
Reds beat the Oakland A’s 8-to-3, taking a three games-to-none lead
in the World Series.
1990 Oct 19, Iraq ordered all
foreigners in occupied Kuwait to report to authorities or face
1990 Oct 19, The Supreme Soviet
voted to approve President Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s economic reform
1990 Oct 20, The Cincinnati
Reds won the World Series, 2-to-1, sweeping the Oakland A’s in four
1990 Oct 20, US-Iraq antiwar
protest marches began in 20 US cities.
1990 Oct 20, Three members of
the rap group 2 Live Crew were acquitted by a jury in Fort
Lauderdale, Florida, of violating obscenity laws with an adults-only
concert in nearby Hollywood the previous June.
1990 Oct 20, Joel McCrea (84),
actor (Ramrod), died of pulmonary complications.
1990 Oct 21, Walther Sommerlath
(b.1901), the father of Sweden’s Queen Silvia, died in Heidelberg.
During WWII he swapped a coffee farm in Brazil for a German-based
business owned by Efim Wechsler, a Jewish businessman. This allowed
Wechsler to emigrate from Nazi Germany.
1990 Oct 21, A Palestinian
stabbed three Israelis to death during a rampage in a Jerusalem
neighborhood in retaliation for the police killings of 17 Arabs on
the Temple Mount.
1990 Oct 22, Louis Althusser
(b.1918), Algeria-born French Marxist philosopher, died in Paris.
1990 Oct 23, Deficit-reduction
negotiations continued between the White House and congressional
leaders. President Bush, campaigning in New England, blamed the
Democratic-controlled Congress for the budget impasse.
1990 Oct 23, Iraq announced the
release of 330 French hostages.
1990 Oct 24, The Senate failed
to override President Bush’s veto of a major civil rights bill by a
vote of 66-to-34, one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed.
1990 Oct 24, Humphrey the whale
swam out the Golden Gate ending a 3-day visit to SF Bay. He had
become famous in 1985 after a 3-week tour of the SF Bay and
(SSFC, 10/25/15, DB p.50)
1990 Oct 24, The existence of
Gladio, a “stay-behind" espionage operation, was acknowledged by
Giulio Andreotti, head of the Italian government. It was sponsored
by the CIA and NATO to counter communist influence after World War
II in Italy, as well as in other European countries.
1990 Oct 24, In Pakistan Nawaz
Sharif’s nine-party Democratic Alliance won a 2/3 majority in the
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1990 Oct 25, Evander Holyfield
knocked out Buster Douglas in the third round of their fight in Las
Vegas to become the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world.
1990 Oct 25, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney said the Pentagon was laying plans to send as many as
100-thousand more troops to Saudi Arabia.
1990 Oct 25, NY Daily News went
on strike. It lasted through March, 1991.
1990 Oct 26, Wayne Gretzky
became the first National Hockey League player to reach 2,000
1990 Oct 26, The US State
Department issued a warning that terrorists could be planning an
attack on a passenger ship or aircraft.
1990 Oct 26, William S. Paley,
the founder of CBS Incorporated, died in New York at age 89.
1990 Oct 27, The US Senate gave
final legislative approval to a record package of taxes and spending
cuts, hours after the House approved the plan.
1990 Oct 27, Death claimed
bandleader Xavier Cugat at age 90.
1990 Oct 27, Elliott Roosevelt
(80), son of FDR, died.
1990 Oct 28, In a surprise
move, Iraq said it was halting gasoline rationing imposed earlier in
response to global economic sanctions.
1990 Oct 29, Clinton’s campaign
for governor of Arkansas received a $75,000 loan from the Perry
County Bank. A few days later another cash withdrawal was made for
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A7)
1990 Oct 29, William French
Smith (73), former US attorney general (1980), died of cancer.
1990 Oct 29, The UN Security
Council voted to hold Saddam Hussein’s regime liable for human
rights abuses and war damages during its occupation of Kuwait.
1990 Oct 30, Britain’s PM
Margaret Thatcher addressed the House of Commons and strongly
rejected the European Commission’s federal ambitions to integration.
(Econ, 3/5/15, p.54)
1990 Oct 30, The Iraqi News
Agency quoted Saddam Hussein as saying Iraq was making final
preparations for war, and that he expected an attack by the United
States and its allies within days.
1990 Oct 30, In the Persian
Gulf, ten American sailors died when a steam pipe ruptured aboard
the USS "Iwo Jima"; in Saudi Arabia, a Marine was killed in an
accident while driving in the desert.
1990 Oct 30, In Russia the
Solovetsky stone was erected in Moscow. It was from the Stalin-era
Solovki prison camp as a memorial to victims of Soviet repression.
1990 Oct 31, During a campaign
swing in suburban Washington, President Bush said "I have had it"
with the way Iraq was treating American diplomats and hostages, but
added he had no timetable for deciding on a possible military
1990 Oct, At the 13th National
Computer Security Conference in Washington, DC, Dorothy Demming
presented her paper "Concerning Hackers Who Break into Computers."
In 1995 she published a postscript denouncing the group.
(Wired, 9/96, p.221)
1990 Oct, A $12.5 million
verdict against the White Aryan Resistance was pronounced for the
killing of an Ethiopian student in Portland.
(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)
1990 Oct, McDonald's chose
Shenzhen for its first Chinese restaurant.
1990 Oct, French Pres. Francois
Mitterand called for an economic government of Europe during a
Franco-German summit in Paris.
(Econ, 7/14/07, p.58)
1990 Oct, Tutsi exiles from
Uganda invaded Rwanda. There was an uprising led by mainly Tutsi
exiles in Uganda, known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF),
against the 18-year-old regime of Juvenal Habyarimana.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)
1990 Oct, In Rwanda Fred
Rwigema was killed by a sniper. Paul Kagame returned from studying
at the US Army Command and General Staff College to lead the RPF.
(WSJ, 8/17/98, p.A10)
1990 Oct, Syrian troops entered
Beirut, to ostensibly help end the 15-year Lebanese civil war.
(WSJ, 7/19/95, p.A-1)
1990 Nov 1, During a trip to
Orlando, Florida, President Bush accused Iraqi forces of engaging in
"barbarism" and "brutality," adding, "I don’t believe that Adolf
Hitler ever participated in anything of that nature."
1990 Nov 2, The White House
announced that President Bush planned to spend Thanksgiving with
American GI’s in Saudi Arabia.
1990 Nov 3, Secretary of State
James A. Baker the Third embarked on a fast-paced tour of seven
countries to "lay the foundation" for possible military action
1990 Nov 3, The Kryptos
sculpture, created by sculptor Jim Sanborn, was dedicated in the
courtyard of the CIA headquarters in Virginia.
1990 Nov 3, Mary Martin
(b.1913), Broadway musical actress, died in Rancho Mirage,
California. Her roles included Peter Pan.
1990 Nov 4, Douglas Wakiihuri
of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland won the New York City Marathon.
1990 Nov 4, Secretary of State
James Baker visited US troops in the Saudi Arabian desert.
1990 Nov 4, Iraq issued a new
broadside, saying it was prepared to fight a "dangerous war" rather
than give up Kuwait.
1990 Nov 5, The US Budget
Enforcement Act of 1990 imposed caps on discretionary spending and
introduced the “Paygo" rule, forcing tax cuts to be offset by
spending cuts. It was enacted as title XIII of the Omnibus Budget
Reconciliation Act of 1990.
1990 Nov 5, Rabbi Meir Kahane,
the Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist who campaigned to drive Arabs
from Israel, was shot to death after a speech at a New York hotel.
Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was acquitted of murder and
convicted of weapons charges in state court; he was later convicted
in connection with the slaying in federal court.
1990 Nov 6, US Democrats
increased their congressional voting strength in midterm elections.
1990 Nov 6, William Jefferson
became the 1st African American to be elected to Congress from
Louisiana since Reconstruction. In 2005 he was under FBI
investigation for corruption.
(SFC, 8/4/05, p.A3)
1990 Nov 6, In Texas Ann
Richards (1933-2006) narrowly beat oilman Clayton Williams to become
1990 Nov 6, About one-fifth of
the Universal Studios back lot in southern California was destroyed
in an arson fire.
1990 Nov 6, In Saudi Arabia a
group of women got into cars and drove the streets of Riyadh in
defiance of a government ban. The protest, which made headlines
around the world, cost the 47 female drivers and passengers dearly.
They were arrested, lost their jobs for 2 1/2 years, were banned
from travel for a year and were condemned by the powerful clergy as
harlots. This led interior minister Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz to
ban women from driving.
(AP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 6/16/12)
1990 Nov 7, In some of her
strongest remarks during the Persian Gulf crisis, British Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
that time was "running out" for a peaceful solution.
1990 Nov 7, Lawrence Durrell
(b.1912), expatriate British writer, died in France. His most famous
work is the tetralogy The Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960). In 2012
Joanna Hodgkin authored “Amateurs in Eden: The Story of a Bohemian
Marriage, Nancy and Lawrence Durrell."
1990 Nov 7, Mary Robinson was
elected as 1st female president of Ireland for a 7 year term. She
was later selected as the UN commissioner for human rights.
1990 Nov 7, In Ivory Coast
Alassane Ouattara (b.1942) served as prime minister under Pres.
Felix Houphouet-Boigny. He continued in office to 1993.
1990 Nov 8, The play "6 Degrees
of Separation," written by John Guare opened at Vivian Beaumont NYC
for 496 performances.
1990 Nov 8, President Bush
ordered a new round of troop deployments in the Persian Gulf, adding
up to 150-thousand soldiers to the multinational force facing off
1990 Nov 9, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a historic non-aggression treaty with
Germany, winning praise from German leaders in Bonn for his role in
the peaceful fall of the Berlin Wall.
1990 Nov 10, Secretary of State
James A. Baker the Third returned to Washington, claiming success in
his weeklong diplomatic tour aimed at shoring up the anti-Iraq
1990 Nov 10, Chandra Shekhar
was sworn in as India’s new prime minister.
1990 Nov 11, Stormie Jones, the
world’s first heart-liver transplant recipient, died at a Pittsburgh
hospital at age 13.
1990 Nov 11, In Myanmar Rangoon
students Soe Myint and a friend hijacked a plane enroute from
Bangkok to Yangon. They made it fly to Calcutta (later Kolkata) by
pretending that a bar of soap inside a statuette was a bomb. Myint
then launched a news service covering Myanmar from India using
(http://tinyurl.com/kz4vs6d)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)
1990 Nov 12, Actress Eve Arden
died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 82.
1990 Nov 12, Japanese Emperor
Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
1990 Nov 13, Secretary of State
James A. Baker III told reporters in Hamilton, Bermuda, the Persian
Gulf crisis threatened world recession and the loss of American
jobs. Members of Congress demanded a larger role in US Gulf policy
following President Bush’s decision to send more US troops to the
1990 Nov 14, President Bush
told congressional leaders he had no immediate plans to go to war in
the Persian Gulf.
1990 Nov 14, Simon and Schuster
announced it had dropped plans to publish the controversial Bret
Easton Ellis novel "American Psycho."
1990 Nov 14, British journalist
commentator Malcolm Muggeridge (b.1903) died in Sussex, England.
Richard Ingrams authored: "Muggeridge: The Biography" (1996).
(WSJ, 4/17/96, p.A-18) (AP,
1990 Nov 15, Pres. Bush signed
the Clear Air Act of 1990.
1990 Nov 15, The US Senate
Ethics Committee began hearings on the "Keating Five," a group of
senators accused of going too far in helping failed savings-and-loan
owner Charles H. Keating Junior.
1990 Nov 15, Milli Vanilli’s
producer confirmed rumors the duo had not done any of the singing on
their debut album, "Girl You Know It’s True."
1990 Nov 15, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" was launched on a secret military mission.
1990 Nov 16, Four of the
so-called "Keating Five" went before the Senate Ethics Committee to
deny any wrongdoing in helping failed savings-and-loan owner Charles
H. Keating Junior.
1990 Nov 16, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev told an angry Soviet legislature he would fire
government and military officials blocking his reform plans.
1990 Nov 17, President Bush, on
the first visit to Czechoslovakia by a US president, told a cheering
crowd of 100,000 in Prague that "America will stand with you"
through hard times ahead.
1990 Nov 18, President Bush
began a series of meetings in Paris with allied leaders aimed at
solidifying support for his Persian Gulf policies.
1990 Nov 18, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev met at the Vatican with Pope John Paul the
Second, who said all possible efforts should be made to avoid war in
the Persian Gulf.
1990 Nov 19, The pop duo Milli
Vanilli were stripped of their Grammy Award because other singers
had lent their voices to the "Girl You Know It's True" album.
1990 Nov 19, US Pres. George
H.W. Bush met with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev in Paris
for a 3-day meeting between NATO members and Warsaw Pact nations.
(SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1990 Nov 19, Leaders of 16 NATO
members and the remaining six Warsaw Pact nations signed treaties in
Paris making sweeping cuts in conventional arms throughout Europe
and pledging non-aggression toward one another. The Treaty on
Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was signed by the United
States and 21 other NATO and WTO countries at a CSCE summit in
1990 Nov 20, The space shuttle
"Atlantis" landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, after completing a
secret military mission.
1990 Nov 20, The Soviet Union
again rebuffed President Bush’s efforts to rally support for a UN
Security Council resolution authorizing military force against Iraq.
1990 Nov 20, Margaret Thatcher
failed to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership.
1990 Nov 21, President Bush
arrived in Saudi Arabia, where he conferred with Saudi King Fahd and
Kuwait’s exiled emir.
1990 Nov 21, Junk-bond
financier Michael R. Milken, who had pleaded guilty to six felony
counts, was sentenced by a federal judge in New York to ten years in
prison. He served two.
1990 Nov 22, President Bush,
his wife, Barbara, and top congressional leaders shared Thanksgiving
dinner with US troops in Saudi Arabia.
1990 Nov 22, Three term British
PM Margaret Thatcher, having failed to win re-election of the
Conservative Party leadership on the first ballot, announced her
resignation. In 2009 Richard Vinen authored “Thatcher’s Britain: The
Politics and Social Upheaval of the Thatcher Era."
(AP, 11/22/97)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.84)
1990 Nov 23, President Bush
conferred separately with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo
and Syrian President Hafez Assad in Geneva, seeking Arab support for
his drive to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
1990 Nov 23, Roald Dahl
(b.1916), British short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), died.
Dahl became widely know for “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" and
“James and Giant Peach." From 1953 to 1983 he was married to actress
Patricia Neal (1926-2010). In 2010 Donald Sturrock authored
“Storyteller: The Authorized Biography of Roald Dahl."
p.A6)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.F4)
1990 Nov 23, Iraq ended curfew
in occupied Kuwait, but began calling up army reservists in their
1990 Nov 24, President Bush
returned home from an eight-day tour of Europe and the Middle East,
during which he’d lobbied foreign leaders on behalf of his Persian
1990 Nov 24, In Texas Rosemary
Diaz (15) went missing. Her remains were found in 2015 near the
Wharton-Matagorda county line following a tip from the family of a
man considered a suspect in the case. The suspect had recently died
1990 Nov 25, Poland held its
first popular presidential election. Solidarity founder Lech Walesa,
who received a plurality of votes, won a runoff the following month.
1990 Nov 26, Five permanent
members of U.N. Security Council agreed on peace plan for Cambodia.
1990 Nov 26, Japanese business
giant Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. agreed to acquire MCA Inc.
for $6.6 billion.
1990 Nov 27, Britain's
conservatives chose John Major (47) to succeed Margaret Thatcher as
1990 Nov 27, In Switzerland the
canton Appenzell Rhodes-Interieur was required to count women’s
votes by a decision of the Swiss Federal Tribunal. It was the last
Swiss state to finally give women the right to vote.
(Hem., 2/97, p.26)
1990 Nov 28, Tamara De Treaux
(b.1959), movie actress, played E.T.; 31 in. tall, died.
1990 Nov 28, Margaret Thatcher
resigned as prime minister of Britain during an audience with Queen
Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
1990 Nov 29, Pres. George H.
Bush signed the US Immigration Act of this year allowed up to 10,000
foreign citizens to gain an "employment creation" visa if they would
put up $1 million in a job creating enterprise. Immigrant Investor
Program, also known as EB-5, was set up to lure foreigners by giving
them the right to live and work in the US if they created jobs. The
H-1B visa allowed companies to hire a limited number of temporary
foreign labor in specialized occupations.
12/3/11, p.40)(SFC, 2/17/17, p.C1)
1990 Nov 29, The UN Security
Council (Resolution 678), led by the United States, voted 12-to-two
to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops
from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15th, 1991.
(AP, 11/29/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1990 Nov 30, President Bush
announced that Secretary of State James Baker the Third would go to
Iraq in a last-ditch diplomatic peace effort.
1990 Nov 30, President Bush
named outgoing Florida Governor Bob Martinez to head the nation’s
war on drugs.
1990 Nov 30, Harken Energy
transferred $20 million in debt to a Harvard partnership, and
eliminated another $16 million in debt by transferring assets to
Harvard. George W. Bush served as a Harken board member and paid
(WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)
1990 Nov 30, Author Norman
Cousins died in Los Angeles at age 75.
1990 Nov, The US stock market
began a 4 month decline of 22%.
1990 Nov, San Mateo County,
Ca., hired contractors to remove some of the soil from Midway
Village in Daly City and to cap some areas with concrete patios.
(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A4)
1990 Nov, In Albania private
religious practice began to be allowed.
1990 Nov, British Cabinet
member Geoffrey Howe resigned as deputy prime minister over PM
margaret Thatcher’s refusal to agree on a timetable to join a single
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.28)
1990 Nov, In Bulgaria Andrei
Lukanov fell from power under a wave of protests and strikes.
(SFC, 10/5/96, p.A10)
1990 Nov, In Chad Idriss
Deby (37), a guerilla chief, seized power in a coup. His Zaghawa
tribe came to dominate the government and was widely opposed by
other Chadians from other regions.
(www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/chad.htm)(Econ, 3/4/06, p.42)
1990 Nov, In Naples 2 oil
paintings and 17 busts were stolen from the church of Santa Maria
degli Angeli alle Croci. In 2009 one of the busts was found in the
home of a North Carolina couple who had no idea it was stolen.
Authorities told The Charlotte Observer the trail went cold until
two years ago, when officials in Rome let federal agents know an
Italian citizen sold a similar statue to an antiques dealer from
1990 Nov, In Macedonia a party
that advocated a confederation of independent states of Yugoslavia
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 Dec 1, British and French
workers digging the Channel Tunnel between their countries finally
met after knocking out a passage in a service tunnel large enough to
walk through and shake hands.
1990 Dec 1, Hissene Habre
(b.1942), dictator of Chad, was deposed by Idriss Deby and fled to
Senegal with $11 million.
1990 Dec 1, Iraq accepted a US
offer to talk about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis.
1990 Dec 2, Composer Aaron
Copland died in North Tarrytown, N.Y., at age 90. In 1999 Howard
Pollack published "Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon
(AP, 12/2/98)(SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.4)
1990 Dec 2, Bob Cummings
(b.1908), film and TV star, died in Woodland Hills, California.
1990 Dec 2, Chancellor Helmut
Kohl’s center-right coalition easily won the first free all-German
elections since 1932.
1990 Dec 3, A Northwest
Airlines DC-9 collided on the ground with a Northwest Boeing 727 at
Detroit Metropolitan Airport, resulting in a fire that claimed eight
1990 Dec 3, President Bush
began a five-nation South American tour as he arrived in Brazil.
1990 Dec 3, Walter Hickel
(1919-2010), former governor of Alaska (1966-1969) and US Interior
chief (1969-1970) under Pres. Nixon, took office as Alaska’s 8th
governor. He served to Dec 5, 1994.
1990 Dec 4, President Bush, on
a five-nation South American tour, said in Uruguay he was not
convinced that "sanctions alone" would bring Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein "to his senses" about invading Kuwait.
1990 Dec 4, Due to Persian Gulf
crisis gas prices hit $1.60 per gallon in NYC.
1990 Dec 4, Eric Larrabee (68),
magazine editor, author, arts administrator, teacher and champion of
the arts, died at his home in Manhattan. His books included
“Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and
Their War" (1987).
(WSJ, 1/12/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/2j2tkr)
1990 Dec 4, Iraq promised
to release 3300 Soviet citizens it was holding.
1990 Dec 5, President Bush, on
a visit to Argentina, said he was "not optimistic" that Iraqi
President Saddam Hussein would withdraw from Kuwait without a fight.
1990 Dec 6, Shoeless Joe
Jackson's signature was sold for $23,100.
1990 Dec 6, In Bangladesh an
opposition campaign led by Khaleda Zia and Sheikh Hasina forced
Pres. Hossain Mohammad Ershad to resign.
1990 Dec 6, Iraq announced that
it would release all its hostages, saying foreigners could begin
leaving in two days.
1990 Dec 7, As President Bush
arrived in Venezuela on the last stop of his South American tour,
his chief spokesman, Marlin Fitzwater, warned Iraq that there was
"no lessening in the threat of war," despite Iraq’s promise to
release its hostages.
1990 Dec 7, Reinaldo Arenas
(b.1943), gay writer, took his own life in the US after suffering
from AIDS. He left Cuba during the 1980 Mariel boatlift. His books
included “Before Night Falls" (1993) and “The Color of Summer" the
4th of 5 called the “Pentagonia" a “secret history of Cuba." In 2000
the film version of Before Night Falls was directed by Julian
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinaldo_Arenas)(SFEC, 7/30/00, BR
p.4)(SSFC, 12/17/00, DB p.49)
1990 Dec 8, As former American
hostages began leaving Iraq and occupied Kuwait, President
Bush—wrapping up his South America tour in Caracas, Venezuela—said
the evacuation made for "one less worry I’ve got" in deciding
whether to go to war against Baghdad.
1990 Dec 9, The first American
hostages to be released by Iraq began arriving in the United States.
1990 Dec 8, In Albania Tirana
University students demonstrated in the streets and called for the
dictatorship to end. Ramiz Alia met with the students 4 days later;
a multiparty system was introduced; the Democratic Party, the first
opposition party was established; the regime authorized political
(www, Albania, 1998)(SFC, 12/18/00,
1990 Dec 9, Lech Walesa,
founder of Solidarity, was elected president of Poland in a runoff
by a landslide.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(HN, 12/999)(AP, 12/9/00)
1990 Dec 10, A stand-in for
Mikhail Gorbachev accepted the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
1990 Dec 10, The Food and Drug
Administration approved Norplant, a long-acting contraceptive
1990 Dec 10, The space shuttle
"Columbia" returned from its tenth mission.
1990 Dec 10, Industrialist
Armand Hammer died at age 92.
1990 Dec 11, Ivana Trump was
divorced from real estate mogul Donald Trump after 12 years of
1990 Dec 11, Four people died
near downtown Columbus, Ohio, after their hot air balloon hit a
television tower and deflated.
1990 Dec 11, In Chattanooga,
Ten., 12 died in a 99 vehicle accident on I-75 due to fog.
1990 Dec 11, Hundreds of
foreigners flew out of Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait, ending four
months of captivity following Iraq’s invasion of its oil-rich
1990 Dec 12, President Bush
announced that he and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev would
hold a summit the following February in Moscow.
1990 Dec 12, Lauro Cavazos
resigned as US secretary of education.
1990 Dec 13, A final evacuation
flight from Iraq arrived in Germany, carrying the US ambassador to
Kuwait and his staff, who had endured a 110-day Iraqi siege of their
1990 Dec 14, President
Bush said he would nominate Lynn Martin to succeed Elizabeth H. Dole
as labor secretary.
1990 Dec 14, President Bush
prodded Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to agree to talks on the
Persian Gulf crisis by January third.
1990 Dec 14, A Right to Die
case permitted Nancy Cruzan of Missouri to have her feeding tube
removed. She died 12 days later.
1990 Dec 14, In Hong Kong 10
Vietnamese boat people set fire to themselves to protest screening
policy that could prevent them from settling in the West.
1990 Dec 14, Friedrich
Durrenmatt (b.1921), Swiss author and playwright, died. In 2006 the
Univ. of Chicago published a translation of his selected writings in
3 volumes. "What was once thought can never be unthought."
1990 Dec 15, European Community
leaders wrapped up a historic summit in Rome committed to creating a
politically unified federation.
1990 Dec 15, With one
month left before a UN deadline for Iraq to leave Kuwait, Iraq gave
no indication it was prepared to pull out.
1990 Dec 16, Jean-Bertrand
Aristide was elected president of Haiti in the country’s first
democratic elections. He was overthrown in a military coup in 1991,
but was later restored to power.
1990 Dec 17, President Bush
pledged "no negotiation for one inch" of Kuwaiti territory would
take place as he repeated his demand for Iraq’s complete withdrawal.
1990 Dec 17, President Bush
nominated former Tennessee Governor Lamar Alexander to be secretary
of education, succeeding Lauro Cavazos.
1990 Dec 17, In the SF Bay Area
authorities discovered Jack Upton (30) dead in his apartment at
38780 Tyson Lane in Fremont. In 2019 police arrested Russell Anthony
Guerrero of Tempe, Arizona, following a DNA match in the killing.
(SFC, 1/25/19, p.C1)
1990 Dec 18, Less than a month
before a UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, President
Bush told reporters he believed Americans would support a military
strike, if one proved necessary. In Baghdad, the ruling
Revolutionary Command Council said Iraq was "ready for the decisive
1990 Dec 19, Iraq urged its
people to stockpile oil to avoid shortages should war break out, and
Saddam Hussein declared he was "ready to crush any attack."
1990 Dec 20, Soviet Foreign
Minister Eduard Shevardnadze shocked Soviet lawmakers by announcing
his resignation, warning that "dictatorship is coming."
1990 Dec 21, British Prime
Minister John Major met with President Bush at Camp David, Maryland;
afterward, the two leaders expressed their unity on the Persian Gulf
1990 Dec 21, In Iraq hundreds
of thousands of Iraqis participated in an evacuation drill to test
1990 Dec 22, Twenty-one sailors
returning from shore leave to the aircraft carrier USS "Saratoga"
drowned when the Israeli ferry they were traveling on capsized.
1990 Dec 22, Lech Walesa took
the oath of office as Poland's first popularly elected president.
Ryszard Kaczorowski (1919-2010), the last president of
Poland’s government in exile in London, ended his 2-year term. He
passed the presidential insignia to Lech Walesa, thus ending the
45-years long episode of the Polish government in exile.
1990 Dec 23, Saddam Hussein
said Israel would be Iraq's 1st target.
1990 Dec 23, Slovenians voted
overwhelmingly in favor of independence and their republic’s
secession from Yugoslavia.
1990 Dec 24, In Lebanon Omar
Karami (1934-2014) began serving his first term as prime minister
and continued to May 15, 1992.
1990 Dec 25, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev won sweeping new powers from the Congress of
1990 Dec 25, Romania’s former
monarch, King Michael, arrived on his first visit to his homeland
since Communist rulers forced him to abdicate four decades earlier.
Michael and his companions were stopped by tanks, taken to the
airport and forced to leave the country less than 12 hours later.
(AP, 12/25/00)(AP, 12/5/17)
1990 Dec 26, Garry Kasparov
beat Anatoly Karpov to retain chess championship.
1990 Dec 26, The US government
reported that its 1990 census had counted a total 249 million,
632,692 people. The US census for this year categorized the
population as "White, Negro or Black, American Indian (tribe can be
listed), Eskimo, Aleut, Asian or Pacific Islander, and other.
Specific Asian nationalities could be checked off." The census
counted over 1.6 million Chinese Americans with 40% of them in
(SFC,12/26/97, p.A21)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)(AP,
1990 Dec 26, Nancy Cruzan, the
young woman in an irreversible vegetative state whose case led to a
US Supreme Court decision on the right to die, died at a Missouri
1990 Dec 26, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev nominated Gennady I. Yanayev to be the Soviet
Union’s first vice president. Yanayev helped lead an abortive coup
against Gorbachev in August 1991.
1990 Dec 28, The US government
reported that its Index of Leading Indicators plunged 1.2% the
previous month, the 5th consecutive monthly drop.
1990 Dec 28, Two people died in
a subway fire in New York City
1990 Dec 28, 33 people were
injured in a trolley collision in Boston.
1990 Dec 29, Iraq denied a
report that it was engaged in secret contacts with the US to avert
war, and might withdraw from Kuwait before the January 15th United
1990 Dec 30, Iraq’s information
minister (Latif Nussayif Jassim) said President Bush "must have been
drunk" when he suggested Iraq might withdraw from Kuwait, and added:
"We will show the world America is a paper tiger."
1990 Dec 31, Sci-Fi Channel on
cable TV began transmitting.
1990 Dec 31, George Allen, US
football coach (LA Rams, Wash Redskins), died.
1990 Dec, Some 540,000 American
troops assembled to drive Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A22)
1990 Dec, Investor Kirk
Kerkorian said he had bought a 9.8% stake in Chrysler Corp.
(WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)
1990 Dec, In Hayward, Ca., Lisa
White was murdered and her daughter (10) was allegedly raped. In
1997 Michael Martinez (37) was convicted and sentenced to death. His
death sentence was upheld in 2009.
(SFC, 8/14/09, p.D2)
1990 Dec, In Bulgaria the
Socialist dominated Parliament formed a coalition government headed
by nonparty lawyer Dimitar Popov. It included the opposition Union
of Democratic Forces (UDF).
(SFC, 5/2/97, p.A14)
1990 Dec, China opened the A
share capital market for Chinese citizens.
(Hem. 1/95, p. 49)
1990 Dec, In Serbia Milosevic
won the presidency and his Socialist (formerly Communist) Party
captured 194 of 250 parliamentary seats.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1990 Magdalena Abakanowicz
(b.1930), Polish sculptor, made her work "Bronze Crowd."
(SFC, 10/26/96, p.B1)(www.abakanowicz.art.pl/)
1990 Jasper Johns painter
"Green Angel," encaustic and sand on canvas.
(SFC, 10/29/96, p.F1)
1990 Roy Lichtenstein created
his "Reflections on Senorita."
(WSJ, 8/27/98, p.A12)
1990 Robert Rauschenberg
created his piece "A Doodle."
(WSJ, 9/25/97, p.A20)
1990 The painting "Au Moulin de
la Galette" by Pierre August Renoir sold at auction for $78.1 mil.
(WSJ, 5/16/95, p. A-16)
1990 John Guare wrote his play
"Six Degrees of Separation."
(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1990 The book "The Plains of
Passion" by Jean Auel (b.1936) was the best-selling fiction work of
1990 Buzz Bissinger authored
“Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream," the story of a
football team in the Texas oil town of Odessa. A film version was
released in 2004.
(SSFC, 2/3/13, p.F3)
1990 Artyom Borovik authored
“The Hidden War," an account of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
(WSJ, 7/5/08, p.W8)
1990 Robert Bly published "Iron
John," an examination of male cultural passage through myth.
(USAT, 6/28/96, p.6D)
1990 Bryan Burrough and John
Helyar authored “Barbarians at the Gate: The Fall of RJR Nabisco,"
the story of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.’s $25 billion
takeover of Nabisco in 1988.
(WSJ, 1/20/07, p.P10)
1990 Carolyn Cassady
(1923-2013), wife of Neal Cassady, authored “Off the Road: My Years
with Cassady, Kerouac and Ginsberg."
(SSFC, 9/22/13, p.A11)
1990 Ron Chernow wrote "The
House of Morgan, " a biography of the banker.
(WSJ, 8/8/97, p.A11)
1990 The 428-page 1st edition
of “Valuation: measuring and managing the value of companies" was
authored by Tom Copeland, Tim Koller and Jack Murrin. In 2015 a 6th
edition counted 825 pages.
(http://tinyurl.com/zurgcvt)(Econ, 4/2/15, p.64)
1990 Kenneth C. Davis published
"Don't Know Much About History."
(SFEC, 1/10/99, BR p.9)
1990 Wayne Dynes edited "An
Encyclopedia of Homosexuality."
(SFC, 2/27/98, p.A3)
1990 Bret Easton Ellis (26)
authored his novel "American Psycho." It was about a wall street
trader who moonlights as a serial killer. In 2000 the film version
made its premier.
(SFC, 4/12/00, p.E1)
1990 Sir Vivian Fuchs published
his autobiography "A Time to Speak." Fuchs had led an expedition
across Antarctica in 1958.
(SFC, 11/13/99, p.A22)
1990 William Gibson and Bruce
Sterling authored a novel called “The Difference Engine." It
described an alternative Victorian era of mechanical computers
driven by steam.
(Econ, 3/3/12, TQp.7)
1990 Maurice Graham (1917-2006)
authored “Tales of the Iron Road: My Life As King of the Hobos."
(SFC, 11/22/06, p.B7)
1990 Col. David H. Hackworth
(1931-2005), Vietnam war veteran, authored “About Face: The Odyssey
of an American Warrior."
(SFC, 5/7/05, p.B5)
1990 Dorothy Ray Healey
(1915-2006) and historian Maurice Isserman co-wrote “Dorothy Healey
Remembers: A Life in the American Communist Party."
(SFC, 8/14/06, p.B8)
1990 Charles Johnson wrote his
novel "Middle Passage," which won a National Book Award.
(SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.1)
1990 Stanley Karnow
(1925-2013), American journalist, authored “In Our Image," a
companion to a PBS documentary on the Philippines, which won the
(SFC, 1/28/13, p.C4)
1990 Adam Kufeld published "El
Salvador." He had made 8 trips to the country as a photographer
1990 Charles Kuralt (1934-1997)
wrote "A Life on the Road" and it became a No.1 nonfiction
(SFC, 7/5/97, p.A5)
1990 Peter Matthiessen
published his novel "Killing Mr. Watson." It became the first of a
trilogy about a Florida homesteader, who murdered some 5 dozen
people over his lifetime.
1990 James Michener wrote his
novel "Pilgrimage" and "The Eagle and the Raven."
1990 Richard Milner,
anthropologist, authored "Encyclopedia of Evolution." Milner later
developed the one-man musical show: "Darwin: Live & in Concert."
(WSJ, 5/8/02, p.AD9)
1990 Ray Monk wrote his
biography of "Ludwig Wittgenstein."
(WSJ, 9/27/96, p.A16)
1990 Roger Morris wrote the
biography: "Richard Milhaus Nixon."
(SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.3)
1990 John O’Brien (d.1994)
published his novel "Leaving Las Vegas." It was made into a 1995
film and was the semi-autobiographical account about an alcoholic
who goes to Las Vegas to drink himself to death.
(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B4)
1990 Eric Orner debuted his
comic strip “The Mostly Unfabulous Life of Ethan Green" in a gay
community paper in Boston. In 2015 the strip was compiled in “The
Completely Unfabulous Social Life of Ethan Green."
(SFC, 3/28/15, p.E1)
1990 Julia Phillips (d.2001 at
57), movie producer, authored ""You’ll Never Eat Lunch in This Town
Again," an insider chronicle of Hollywood’s top echelons.
(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A16)
1990 Thomas Pynchon (b.1937)
wrote his novel "Vineland."
(SFEC, 4/27/97, BR
1990 Ronald Reagan published
his memoir “An American Life."
(SSFC, 6/6/04, A18)
1990 Thomas Sowell (b.1930),
African-American economist turned social theorist and political
philosopher, authored “Preferential Policies: An International
(SFC, 12/30/16, p.A12)
1990 Hallie Crawford Stillwell
(d.1997 at 99), a Big Bend Texas pioneer, wrote her autobiography. A
sequel was to be completed by her great niece.
(SFC, 8/21/97, p.C4)
1990 Astrophysicist Clifford
Stoll authored “The Cuckoo's Egg," a true account of the tracking of
a hacker who probed the US's most sensitive secrets, using keywords,
such as "thermonuclear war." Stoll's pursuit of a hacker trying to
access American computer networks led to the discovery of a West
German spy ring.
1990 George Will, political
columnist, authored "Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball." He told of
how the game was played through extended portraits of manager Tony
La Russa, pitcher Orel Hershiser, hitter Tony Gwynn and fielder Cal
(WSJ, 5/21/03, p.D10)
1990 Edward O. Wilson (b.1929)
published his Pulitzer Prize book: "The Ants," written with Bert
(WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)
1990 James P. Womack and Daniel
T. Jones wrote "The Machine That Changed the World, a study of
Toyota Motor Corp.’s manufacturing methods."
(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)
1990 "The Romance of the Three
Kingdoms," a 16th century fictional account of the wars of the three
rival kingdoms in China, was published in paperback.
(NH, 7/96, p.58)
1990 David Hare wrote his play
"Racing Demon." It was one of three panels about distressed English
institutions, i.e. religion, courts and politics. The other two
plays were "Murdering Judges" and "Absence of War."
(SFC, 10/23/96, p.E3)
1990 Seamus Heaney (b.1939),
Nobel Prize winning poet (1995), wrote the play "The Cure at Troy"
based on Sophocles’ play "Philoctetes."
1990 The magazine "Encounter,"
edited by Melvin Lasky, closed.
(WSJ, 4/6/01, p.W19)
1990 The Ritz Theater on
Broadway was restored and renamed the Walter Kerr Theater.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.C6)
1990 At the Academy Awards
"Driving Miss Daisy" won for best picture and Jessica Tandy won as
best actress for her role. Daniel Day-Lewis won for best actor in
the film "My Left Foot."
(SFC, 12/22/99, p.C8)
1990 Gross film revenues for
the year were $5,021 million with 1,188 million admissions and
average ticket price of $4.23.
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)
1990 The Comedy TV Network was
formed with the merger of HBO’s Comedy Channel and MTV Network’s Ha!
It was soon renamed Comedy Central.
(SFC, 4/10/01, p.E1)
1990 The TV show Newhart ended
its run in May.
(SFEC, 4/19/98, DB p.38)
1990 The Children’s Television
Act forced networks to broadcast 3 hours of educational TV per week.
(NW, 11/11/02, p.57)
1990 The tone poem "The
Confession of Isobel Gowdie" was written by Scottish composer James
MacMillan. In 1996 his first full length opera, Ines de Castro,
premiered at the Edinburgh Int’l. Festival. It was based on a play
by dramatist John Clifford, who in turn drew on the baroque play by
Portuguese poet Antonio de Ferreira.
(WSJ, 8/28/96, p.A10)
1990 The English National Opera
premiered the 1976 2-act opera "Clarissa" by Robin Holloway. It was
based on a 1748 novel by Samuel Richardson.
(SFEC, 12/6/98, DB p.35)
1980 The grunge rock group
Alice in Chains produced their debut album "Facelift." One track was
titled "We Die Young." In 2002 Layne Staley (34), lead singer for
Alice in Chains, was found dead in Seattle with obvious signs of
(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A28)
1990 The rock group Metallica
(f.1981) recorded their album "Metallica" and sold more than 16
million copies worldwide.
(SFC, 7/7/96, DB
1990 In Des Moines the 39-floor
SunAmerica Center was completed. The architects were Johnson Fein
and Pereira Assoc.
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)
1990 In Los Angeles the
44-story 801 Grand was completed. The architects were Helmuth, Obata
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)
1990 In Yorba Linda, Ca., the
privately owned Nixon Library and Birthplace Center was opened. All
of Nixon’s original documents, however, were held by the National
Archives in Bethesda, Md. A 1997 proposal called for a payment of
$26 million and transfer of documents from the National Archives to
the Yorba Linda site.
(SFC, 4/5/97, p.A1,13)
1990 In Las Vegas the Excalibur
Casino was completed.
(WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A18)
1990 Pope John Paul II put
forth his encyclical "Redemptoris Missio," on Christian
evangelization and world religions.
(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.W13)
1990 Episcopal Bishop Walter
Righter of Iowa ordained Rev. Barry Stopfel, who publicly proclaimed
his long-term gay relationship with a lover. The Bishop was later
charged with heresy under a 1979 church resolution and then
(SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-11)
1990 The Joshi computer virus
began forcing users of infected machines to type "Happy Birthday
Joshi" to recapture control of their machines.
(Sp., 5/96, p.70)
1990 The George Gustav Heye
Center was conjoined with the Smithsonian.
(Wired, Dec., '95, p.117)
1990 Survivors International
was founded in Albany, California. It was dedicated to providing
medical and psychological treatment to survivors of torture.
(SFC, 7/7/96, Z1 p.5)
1990 Jack E. Counts Jr., an
Oklahoma City entrepreneur, founded Glamour Shots Licensing. The
business was based on the idea of photographing ordinary women in
dazzling garb and makeup.
(WSJ, 5/13/96, p.B-1)
1990 In Arkansas Heidi and
Scott Riddle established the nonprofit Riddle Elephant Breeding Farm
and Wild Life Sanctuary on 330 acres near Guy.
1990 The Atlanta-based
International Time Capsule Society was established at Oglethorpe
Univ. to promote the study of time capsules. It held a time capsule
from 1940 called the "Crypt of Civilization" that was scheduled to
be opened in 8113. www.oglethorpe.edu/itcs.
(SFEC, 1/2/00, p.D4)
1990 Bill McCartney, Univ. of
Colorado football coach, founded Promise Keepers, an all-male,
all-Christian organization to bring men to God, to make them better
husbands and fathers, and to further racial reconciliation. The
first meeting in Boulder gathered 72 men. Its first rally in 1991
attracted 4,200 participants and by 1996 had a $115 million annual
budget. In 1997 the book "Who Are the Promise Keepers" by Ken
Abraham was published.
(SFC, 9/26/96, p.A21)(SFC, 8/11/97, p.D5)(SFC,
1990 The new Comiskey Park
ballfield opened in Chicago.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, p.B9)
1990 The Negro Leagues Baseball
Museum opened in Kansas City.
(SFEC, 4/12/98, p.T4)
1990 Bob Pereyra founded RAIL,
Roadracers Association for International Luge, and gave Street Luge
1990 The Pritzker Int’l. Prize
for Architecture was awarded to Aldo Rossi (d.1997) of Italy. He had
designed the World Theater in Venice and the Museum of Maastricht in
(SFC, 9/5/97, p.A24)
1990 The World Food Prize was
endowed by Iowa businessman John Ruan in honor of Norman Borlaug,
father of the "Green Revolution."
(SFC, 10/15/97, p.A15)
1990 The United Nations
Association awarded Sally Lilienthal the Eleanor Roosevelt
(SFEC, 9/29/96, Z1 p.3)
1990 The Nobel Prize for
economics was awarded to Merton M. Miller (d.2000) of the Univ. of
Chicago for his work in the theory of financial economics. William
F. Sharpe of Stanford Univ. and Harry Markowitz were also winners.
Harry Markowitz won the Nobel Prize for his 1952 theory behind
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(WSJ, 4/25/96,
p.A-18)(WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A18)(SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/5/00,
1990 Octavio Paz of Mexico won
the Nobel Prize in literature.
(SFC, 4/20/98, p.A17)
1990 Richard Taylor of Stanford
won the Nobel Prize in Physics. He shared the prize with Prof. Henry
W. Kendall (d.1999 at 72) for experimental work that led to proof of
the existence of quarks.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/99, p.C3)
1990 The European Union created
the Aristeion (Greek for "the best") Prizes for literature.
(SFC, 9/24/96, p.E3)
1990 Lawrence G. Lawler (d.1997
at 56) was awarded the President’s Award for Outstanding Service to
the US. He was an FBI agent and helped create the National Crime
Information Center, a computer system that linked law enforcement
(SFC, 3/26/97, p.C3)
1990 An int’l. agreement set
limits on human harvesting of krill at 9 million tons a year. By
1997, the krill population were markedly depleted and new limits
(SFC, 6/26/97, p.A3)
1990 US Pres. Bush signed a law
granting Filipino fighters of WW II US citizenship.
(SFEC,12/14/97, Z1 p.1,4)
1990 The US military budget was
about $350 billion a year. That's about $1400 per every man, woman
and child, or $5600 per 4 person family.
(NOHY, 3/1990, p.230)
1990 US CIA and military
strategist were sent to Colombia to enhance the efficiency and
effectiveness of the local military intelligence.
(SFC, 1/5/98, p.A14)
1990 The US House of
Representatives voted to cut aid to El Salvador by 50%.
(WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)
1990 The US government returned
the island of Kaho’olawe off Maui to the state of Hawaii. It had
been used for some 50 years as a bombing range.
(SFEC, 4/6/97, p.T5)
1990 The Financial Action Task
Force, a 26 nation organization to fight money laundering was
(WP, 6/29/96, p.F3)
1990 The Goals 2000 educational
standards program was set up to ensure the production of US high
school graduates capable of competing with the Japanese.
(SFEC,12/28/97, BR p.8)
1990 Pres. Bush imposed
sanctions against Pakistan under the 1986 Pressler Amendment when he
was unable to certify that Pakistan did not have a nuclear bomb.
This stopped the sale of 28 F-16 airplanes to Pakistan for which
$658 million was already paid to General Dynamics. Pakistan had
ordered and paid for 71 F-16 fighter bombers. $157 million was
returned. In 1998 New Zealand agreed to lease the planes for about
$105 million and the money to be paid to Pakistan.
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.E2)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A15)(SFC,
1990 A US law was passed that
would require sanctions on certain countries engaged in missile
(WSJ, 6/12/96, p.A4)
1990 The US Congress passed a
law that required airlines to reduce the number of noisy airplanes.
The noisiest Stage 2 planes were to be eliminated entirely by 2000.
Stage 2 planes were replaced by quieter Stage 3 models.
(SFEC, 12/20/98, p.A36)
1990 The US government enacted
the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.
(SFC, 9/3/98, p.A10)(Arch, 11/04, p.4)
1990 The US passed a luxury tax
that hurt many companies and whole industries (e.g. yacht-building).
(WSJ, 4/8/96, p.A-16)
1990 The US Congress mandated
that oil companies put air-cleaning chemicals into gasoline to
reduce carbon monoxide and smog in the largest urban centers.
(SFC, 9/15/97, p.A1)
1990 The US Congress passed the
Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act of 1990
(NH, 2/05, p.46)
1990 The US Justice Department
sued the Virginia Military Institute to allow young women entry into
the 1300-man institute. In 1996 the Supreme court upheld the suit.
(WSJ, 6/27/96, p.B7)
1990 Smoking was banned on US
domestic flights 6 hours or less.
(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)
1990 In Arizona Debra Jean
Milke was found guilty in the 1989 death of her son (4). The case
rested on her purported confession, which was not recorded, to hire
two men to kill her son. Milke spent 22 years on death row before
her case was dismissed in 2014.
(SFC, 12/12/14, p.D5)
1990 Prof. Theodore Sarbin
(1911-2005) of UC Berkeley co-wrote the report “Gays in Uniform: The
Pentagon’s Secret Reports." The report prompted Pres. Clinton’s
policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell."
(SFC, 9/3/05, p.B4)
1990 Michael Milken, chief of
the Los Angeles brokerage house Drexel Burnham Lambert, Inc., was
convicted on six felony counts connected to stock market
fraud. At the time he was making $500 million per year and in the
80's helped finance a $4 billion casino boom in Las Vegas. A
chronicle of insider trading on Wall Street is in James B. Steward's
"Den of Thieves." Milken served 2 years in prison. He agreed to pay
$600 million in fines and restitution.
(RNR, 7/19/95, p.9-10)(WSJ, 9/5/96, p.C1)(WSJ,
1990 Kezar Stadium in San
Francisco’s Goldengate Park was reconstructed as a multisport
(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A8)
1990 Josie’s Cabaret and Juice
Joint, a gay comedy club, opened in the Castro district of San
Francisco. It was scheduled to close Jan 2, 1999.
(SFEC, 11/29/98, DB p.35)
1990 The 221-room Tuscan Inn at
San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf was constructed.
(SFC, 7/18/98, p.B1)
1990 Susan Claymon (d.2000 at
age 61) co-founded Breast Cancer Action in SF and helped organize
the first advocacy meetings in 1991.
(SFC, 1/21/00, p.D7)
1990 Richard and Rhoda Goldman,
SF philanthropists, founded the Goldman Prize to provide cash awards
for grass-roots environmentalist activity in 7 major geographic
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A1)(www.goldmanprize.org/)(SFC,
1990 Doug Tompkins founded the
Foundation for Deep Ecology in SF after his wife eased him out of
the fashion firm, Esprit Corp.
(SFC, 7/15/02, p.E1)
1990 The National Lesbian &
Gay Journalists Association (NLGJA) was founded by Leroy Aarons
(d.2004) and 6 other journalists in San Francisco.
(SFC, 9/4/10, p.E2)
1990 San Francisco Mayor Art
Agnos called for the embarcadero Freeway to be removed.
(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.A22)
1990 San Francisco’s South of
Market was rezoned in the hopes that private development would
infill the empty, deserted factories.
(SFC, 8/18/96, p.E6)
1990 San Francisco police
halted the Burning Man torching ceremony on Baker Beach. Larry
Harvey the founder of the event then hooked up with the SF Cacophony
Society, a gang of fun-loving provocateurs, and moved the fiery
scene to Black Rock Desert, Nv.
(SFC, 7/19/96, p.D1,12)
1990 The SF medical examiner’s
office was investigated by a Grand Jury on reports of illegal gifts.
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A24)
1990 In San Francisco the Mount
Zion Medical Center merged with UCSF.
(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A10)
1990 A.W. Clausen, head of the
SF-based Bank of America, retired and was succeeded by Richard
Rosenberg. He proceeded to acquire banks in Oregon and Arizona.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1990 The Ritz-Carlton opened on
Stockton St., SF., in the former western headquarters of
Metropolitan Life Insurance.
(SFC, 9/10/98, p.B4)
1990 The Southern Pacific
Railroad spun off its oil and gas exploration business to form Santa
Fe Energy Resources in Houston. Its 1995 revenues were $442 mil.
Land holdings were spun off to form Catellus, the San Francisco real
estate development company which owns about 855,000 acres, mostly in
Ca., including the 313-acre Mission Bay in SF.
(SFC, 7/8/96, p.D1)
1990 Danielle Steele, SF-based
fiction writer, paid between $5-6 million for the 15,000-sq.-foot
(SFC, 11/20/98, p.A21)
1990 Danny Phat Vong, a leader
of the SF Chinatown youth gang Wah Ching, was slain. A month later a
retaliatory attack outside the Purple Onion in North Beach wounded 6
and killed a member of the Wo Hop To triad, a Hong Kong based crime
syndicate. The clash occurred as Peter Chong, the Wo Hop To’s leader
in California, tried to build a unified syndicate out of disparate
Northern California gang organizations.
(SFC, 1/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A20)
1990 Idaho Gov. Cecil Andrus
was elected to a 4th term with 68% of the vote.
(SSFC, 3/27/17, p.C3)
1990 Joseph Nye of Harvard
Univ. coined the term “soft power" to define the ability of a
country to hold international sway by getting others to want what it
wants without the use of military power.
(Econ, 9/5/15, p.59)
1990 The Mississippi
Legislature passed the Mississippi Gaming Control Act allowing
casinos in counties along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast.
(SFC, 9/6/05, p.A8)
1990 New Jersey enacted a gun
control law that listed 37 models by name and covered others that
were substantially identical. The US Supreme Court in 2001 refused
to hear a challenge.
(SFC, 11/27/01, p.A3)
1990 In Washington DC the Rev.
George A. Stallings Jr. and his breakaway African-American Catholic
Congregation, which encouraged the ordination of women and the use
of birth control and abortion, were excommunicated for breaking ties
with the Vatican.
1990 Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
pioneered a school voucher program.
(Econ, 2/14/15, p.23)
1990 In the US the ratio of
executive pay to that of the average worker rose to 107 to 1.
(Econ, 11/26/05, p.75)
1990 Some 610 hedge funds in
the US controlled about $39 billion in assets. By 2000 the number of
hedge funds increased to 3,873 with $490 billion in assets.
Estimates in 2006 counted over 9,000 funds with $1.3 trillion in
(Econ, 11/18/06, p.75)
1990 Leon Black founded Apollo
Management LP, a private equity firm. In 2007 it was valued at
around $15 billion.
(WSJ, 4/7/07, p.B1)
1990 Harold "RED" Poling became
Ford’s chairman and CEO.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1990 Ford launched the
Explorer, which soon became the best-selling SUV in America. Sales
peaked in 2000 at 445,000 units.
(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1990 Joan Kroc (d.2003 at 75),
widow of Ray Kroc (founder of McDonald's Corp.), sold the San Diego
Padres to a group led by LA TV producer Tom Werner.
(SFC, 10/13/03, p.A19)
1990 McDonald’s switched to
vegetable oil and added beef flavoring to improve the
cholesterol-producing profile of its french fries.
(SFC, 9/4/02, p.A14)
1990 McDonnell Douglas Corp.
introduced the MD-11 jumbo jet.
(WSJ, 9/19/00, p.A1)
1990 The Uniroyal Goodrich Tire
Co. was acquired by Groupe Michelin of France.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)
1990 MGM Studios was sold to
Giancarlo Parretti, Italian financier, for $1.3 billion with
financing by the French Credit Lyonnais bank. In 1996 he lost
control on claims of mismanagement and loan default and was
convicted on charges of perjury and evidence tampering.
(SFC, 1/4/97, p.A3)
1990 Proctor & Gamble
bought the Hawaiian Punch beverage business from Del Monte for $150
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.B1)
1990 Time Warner bought Sunset
Magazine from Lane Publishing, co-owned by publisher and
conservationist Melvin B. Lane (1922-2007). His father had bought
Sunset, a tourist-oriented travel magazine, in 1928.
(SFC, 8/2/07, p.B5)
1990 Fore Systems Inc. of
Warrendale, Pa. introduced the first ATM (asynchronous transfer
mode) hardware for computer networks. It allowed data to be
transferred at 2.5 billion bits per second. It was already being
adopted by the phone companies and cable-TV operators. It was
founded by 4 teachers and researchers and went public in 1994.
(WSJ,11/14/94, p.R27)(WSJ, 5/14/97, p.A1)
1990 The World Wide Web server
prototype was built. The Archie file transfer protocol was
developed. A semi-crawler search engine was built.
(SFC, 2/2/08, p.C1)
1990 Col Needham of Bristol,
England, founded IMDb, an Internet Movie Database, and sold it to
Amazon.com in 1998.
(SFC, 2/8/02, p.D18)
1990 Joseph Volpe took over as
head of the NYC Metropolitan Opera. He had come to the Met in 1963
as a carpenter and high school graduate. In 2006 he authored “The
Toughest Show On Earth: My Rise and Reign At the Metropolitan
(WSJ, 5/5/06, p.W8)
1990 Wells Fargo completed 4
acquisitions: Valley National Bank of Glendale, Central Pacific
Corp. of Bakersfield, Torrey Pines Group of Solana Beach, and
Citizens Holding in Orange County. An agreement was also reached to
purchase 130 branches of Great American Bank.
(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)
1990 Toy company FAO Schwartz
sold out to Dutch Company Koninklijke Bijenkorf Beheer.
(WSJ, 11/21/03, p.B1)
1990 The NTT (New Technology
Telescope) in Chile, the pride of the European astronomical
community was inaugurated. Its mirrors span 3.5 meters and is the
first telescope built with active or computer assisted optics.
(NG, p.25-26,an, 94)
1990 Thomas Campana Jr.,
Chicago-area engineer, created a system to send e-mails between
computers and wireless devices. He founded a company called NTP that
filed suit in 2001 against Research In Motion (RIM), maker of the
BlackBerry wireless device.
(SFC, 12/1/05, p.C8)
1990 Prof. David Patterson
began writing about IRAM, intelligent random access memory, the
possibility of including memory into the design of microprocessors.
He originated the concept of RISC, reduced instruction set
(WSJ, 8/28/98, p.B1)
1990 MIT robotics researchers
founded iRobot. In 2002 the company came up with Packbot, a robot to
help soldiers deal with IEDs, and Roomba, a consumer robot for
cleaning floors. iRobot went public in 2005.
(Econ, 3/29/14, SR p.10)
1990 A digital method for
transmitting TV pictures was invented.
(WSJ, 4/10/00, p.B2)
1990 At the Mayo Clinic a lung
transplant program was begun.
(SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)
1990 The KE family were brought
to the attention of the scientific community about this time. Over
three generations of this family, about half the family members
suffer from a number of problems, the most obvious of which is
severe difficulty in speaking. A mutation of the FOXP2 brain gene
was later related to language loss.
1990 GHB, gamma hydroxy
butyrate, began to be reported as a cause of illnesses. The paint
thinner gamma butyl lactone was being mixed with water and alcohol
that when ingested metabolized to GHB, later called "liquid ecstasy"
or "blue nitro."
(SFC, 1/14/99, p.A16)
1990 The Human Genome Project
began and planned to sequence all human DNA by 2005. The database
did not just store sequences, but linked them with citations to
enable new discoveries. James Watson served as its 1st head. His
opposition to gene patents helped force him from the position in
(Wired, 8/96, p.198)(SFEM, 7/30/00, p.10)
1990 The amoeba Balamuthia
mandrillaris was first discovered in a mandrill baboon. In 2001 it
was reported to have destroyed the brain of a 3-year-old girl in the
SF Bay area.
(SFC, 4/20/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A1)
1990 The SARII group of
bacteria was first identified. This group constituted about a third
of the single-celled organisms in the ocean.
(Econ, 2/16/13, p.79)
1990 The Cosmic Background
Explorer satellite (COBE) proved that cosmic radiation formed a
perfect "blackbody" spectrum, which was expected if the universe was
once jammed into a very dense state.
(WSJ, 6/28/01, p.A1)
1990 A school voucher program
was begun in Milwaukee. Low income families of several thousand
students used state-funded vouchers to send their children to
private schools. Results were being disputed in 1996.
(WSJ, 8/16/96, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/11/96, p.A1)
1990 Wendy Kopp founded Teach
for America, a non-profit organization that invited graduates from
top universities to spend the 1st 2 years of their careers teaching
children from low-income families.
1990 The US population was
about 250 million people.
(NOHY, 3/1990, p.222)
1990 A study by the US National
Academy of Sciences indicated that shrimp fishing was responsible
for the death of some 50,000 sea turtles in US waters each year.
(SFC, 7/10/96, p.A2)
1990 The US Oil Pollution Act
(OPA) was passed. It required new tankers sailing through US waters
to have double hulls and that old tankers be fitted with double
hulls by 2015. It capped liability for economic damages at $75
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A11,15)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.68)
1990 A study by the US EPA
found that leaf-blowers were responsible for about 5% of the
nation’s harmful airborne pollutants.
(SFC, 8/5/05, p.B1)
1990 A US law allowed a
dolphin-safe label for cans of tuna not netted with dolphins. A 1997
amendment allowed the label for tuna harvested with encircling nets
if observers witnessed no dolphins harmed.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.C14)
1990 About 50 million tons of
artificial nitrogen fertilizers were being used on a global scale.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.51)
1990 The Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued its 1st report on global
warming. Its 3rd report in 2001 noted that global temperatures could
rise 2.5 to 10.4 degrees during the 21st century.
(NH, 4/1/04, p.61)
1990 John C. Sawhill (d.2000 at
63) took over as head of the Nature Conservancy. By 200 he raised
the membership from 519,000 to 1.1 million.
(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A28)
1990 Specific details on the
stockpile at the Oregon Umatilla Munitions depot was classified
until the early 1990s.
(SFEC, 4/27/97, p.A18)
1990 A World Bank estimate
reckoned that 46% of the developing world’s population fell below
the accepted poverty line of $1.25 a day at purchasing-power parity.
By 2005 the rate had fallen to 27%.
(Econ, 9/25/10, p.34)
1990 The shrinking Aral Sea
between Kazakstan and Uzbekistan split in two with a patch of desert
(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A11)
1990 A 50-foot female T. rex,
65 million years old, was discovered on a Cheyenne River Reservation
in South Dakota by Sue Hendrickson. The government seized the
skeleton in 1992 and in 1997 it was put up for auction by Sotheby’s
on behalf of Maurice Williams, a Sioux Indian and owner of the ranch
where it was found. The proceeds will be held in trust by the
government. Backers of the Chicago Field Museum of Natural History
paid $8.36 million.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A13)(SFC,12/897, p.A3)
1990 The Pistol Star, located
between the Earth and center of the Milky Way, was first seen with
infrared equipment in 1990. It was measured to be 25,000 light-years
away with a radius of 93-140 million miles. It was estimated to have
formed 1-3 million years ago and shed much of its mass in violent
eruptions estimated to have occurred about 6,000 years ago.
(USAT, 10/8/97, p.3A)
1990 The Zodiac serial killer
began to strike in New York City.
(SFC, 6/20/96, p.C12)
1990 In Virginia Thomas H.
Beavers raped and suffocated a 61-year-old widow. He was executed in
Greensville in 1997 by lethal injection.
1990 American innkeeper Michael
Devine was murdered in Guatemala. Allegations have been made that
Guatemalan colonel, Julio Roberto Alpirez on CIA payroll, was
involved. A review in 1996 showed that Alpirez was on the CIA
payroll from 1988-1992 and that he was involved in the cover-up of
the murder of Devine and had participated in the interrogation and
likely torture of Efraim Bamaca, a captured Guatemalan guerrilla
married to an American lawyer.
(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)
1990 In Gainesville, Fla.,
Danny Rolling murdered 5 college students. He became known as the
Gainesville slasher and later collaborated with Sondra London, who
wrote his confessions, and sold his art and autographs. The money
earned was seized in 1997 when a Florida judge issued a ruling based
on a state law that barred convicted felons from profiting from
their stories, artwork and autographs.
(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A11)
1990 Joan Brown, painter, died.
She taught at UC Berkeley from 1974-1990.
(SFEC, 9/20/98, DB p.31)
1990 Former showgirl Paulette
Goddard, born Marion Levy in 1911, died. She left $20 million to
NYU, a fortune from 4 previous marriages to Edgar James, lumber
company owner, Charlie Chaplin, author, Burgess Meredith, actor, and
Erich Marie Remarque, author.
(SFEM, 12/15/96, Par p.4)
1990 Armand Hammer (b.1898),
American businessman, died. The 1996 book: "Dossier: The Secret
History of Armand Hammer" by Edward Jay Epstein revealed that Armand
was a Soviet agent for much of his life.
(WSJ, 10/3/96, p.A12)
1990 Keith Haring (b.1958),
artist, died. He began as a graffiti scrawler.
(WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W14)
1990 Jay Lovestone, former US
Communist who turned anti-Communist, died at age 90. In 1999 Ted
Morgan published the Lovestone biography: "A Covert Life."
(WSJ, 5/19/99, p.A20)
1990 Lewis Mumford (1895-1990),
writer, died. He wrote over 30 books and a column for the New Yorker
that ran 63 years. He wrote in an angry allusive style and played
the role of prophet. His work included "The Culture of Cities."
(Wired, 8/96, p.168)(WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A20)
1990 Michael Oakeshott
(b.1901), London School of Economics prof. of political science,
died. In 2004 Paul Franco authored “Michael Oakeshott: An
Introduction." Oakeshott’s books included “On Human Conduct" (1975).
(Econ, 12/4/04, p.84)
1990 In Algeria General Mohamed
“Toufik" Mediene began heading the DRS, the country’s intelligence
(Econ, 9/21/13, p.51)
1990 The Europe and North
Africa group formed. It gathered leaders from North Africa —
Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Mauritania and Libya — with leaders from
France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Malta.
1990 The Australian firm Thomas
Hardy & Sons, a family firm that had made wine for 160 years,
entered the market in Europe with an investment in Domaine de la
Baume in Languedoc, France.
(WSJ, 5/30/03, p.A3)
1990 Bangladesh Chief Justice
Shahabuddin Ahmed took over a caretaker government for three months
to oversee elections after the ouster of military ruler Hossain
1990 Bangladesh authorities
were warned that arsenic was seeping from the subsoil into the water
supply through the cheap surface wells. The adjoining Indian
Province of West Bengal first noticed the problem. The wells were
dug by UNICEF in an effort to provide clean water.
(SFC, 7/30/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/24/05, p.W9)
1990 In Belize legislation was
drafted to privatize the ship-registry industry and the registration
of off-shore companies. The draft was made by lawyers of Mr.
Ashcroft’s BHI Corp., the largest company in Belize.
(WSJ, 9/19/96, p.A14)
1990 In Bosnia the Serb
Democratic Party was founded by Radovan Karadzic.
(SFC, 12/25/98, p.B8)
1990 In Brazil US pop star
Michael Jackson landed by helicopter at the top of one of Rio de
Janeiro’s most notorious favelas and sang “They Don’t Care About
(Economist, 10/13/12, SR p.18)
1990 In Brazil Maria das Gracas
Marcal, a 2nd generation scavenger, helped found the Street
Scavengers Association. It grew to become a model organization of
uniformed scavengers that collected 15% of the total waste of
downtown Belo Horizonte.
1990 In Brazil Wagner Conhedo,
a trucking operator, obtained a $7 mil loan from Paulo Cesar Farias,
campaign finance chief of then Pres. Collor, to purchase the Vasp SA
airline. Orestes Quercia, governor of the state that privatized
Vasp, made agreements with Conhedo to ease a towering debt burden
that later cost the state millions of dollars when Conhedo fell
behind in payments.
(WSJ, 7/1/96, p.A6)
1990 In Brazil Chico Mendes,
environmental activist and a leader of Amazon rubber tappers in the
state of Acre, was murdered. Darli Alves da Silva and his son,
Darci, were convicted in the murder case.
(SFC, 7/2/96, p.A12)
1990 Hugh Loebner agreed with
The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies to underwrite a contest
designed to implement the Turing Test. Dr. Loebner pledged a Grand
Prize of $100,000 and a Gold Medal for the first computer whose
responses were indistinguishable from a human's. Robert Epstein
co-founded the prize with Hugh Loebner. The first competition was
held in November, 1991.
1990 ARM Holdings PLC, a
multinational semiconductor and software company, was founded. It is
headquartered in Cambridge, United Kingdom. The acronym ARM, first
used in 1983, originally stood for "Acorn RISC Machine." However,
when the company was incorporated in 1990, the acronym was changed
to stand for "Advanced RISC Machines" in the company name "Advanced
RISC Machines Holdings." Then, at the time of the IPO in 1998, the
company name was changed to "ARM Holdings"
1990 A British prisoner riot in
Strangeways in Manchester lasted 25 days and left one prisoner dead.
In the wake of the riot a British Conservative white paper
concluded: “We know that prison ‘is an expensive way of making bad
people worse’." That report also argued that there should be a range
of community-based sentences, which would be cheaper and more
effective alternatives to prison.
1990 Bulgaria’s Parliament
chose philosopher Zhelyu Zhelev as president. He won the first
democratic election in 1992 remaining in office until 1997.
1990 In Cameroon multi-party
politics was allowed for the first time.
(Econ, 3/1/08, p.50)
1990 The Canadian Parliament
began tracking attendance.
(SFC, 3/25/98, p.C14)
1990 The first exchange traded
fund (ETF), an open ended mutual fund, was created by the Toronto
(Econ, 4/21/07, p.83)(http://tinyurl.com/38dajn)
1990 Canada-based Bombardier
took over American-based Learjet.
(Econ, 1/4/14, p.23)
1990 Chile’s Gen’l. Pinochet
ended the legal practice of allowing abortions to protect the health
of the mother. Such abortions had been legal since 1931.
(Econ, 8/12/17, p.27)
1990 In China Zhao Weishan
(b.1951) founded the Eastern Lightning religious cult in Henan. He
later fled to the United States from where he continued to lead the
1990 China promulgated the
Basic Law, a mini-constitution for post-1997 Hong Kong.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1990 Shanghai, China, became an
autonomous municipality. Shanghai Center, a joint venture city
within a city, opened.
(Hem., 2/97, p.72)(SFCM, 3/20/05, p.28)
1990 In China the local
bingtuan militia put down an uprising by Uighurs near Kashgar,
Xinjiang province, leaving 50 Uighurs dead.
(Econ, 5/25/13, p.45)
1990 China launched stock
(Econ, 1/9/16, p.36)
1990 The Chinese census counted
(SFC, 10/14/00, p.A12)
1990 China consumed 2.4 million
barrels of oil per day leaving 400,000 barrels per day of domestic
production for export. By 2008 consumption rose to over 7 million
barrels per day with about half of that coming from imports.
(Econ, 3/15/08, SR p.8)
1990 The super bull Rombi was
lent by a German cattle institute to Bosnia and got stuck there
throughout the war, but survived.
(WSJ, 3/20/96, p.A-1)
1990 In Chile Gen’l. Pinochet
sent troops into the streets of Santiago as a warning to drop an
official investigation into his son’s business dealings.
(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1990 Colombia’s Presidential
Program for Reinsertion was founded by the government to help an
estimated 7,500 former rebels integrate into society with a variety
of assistance programs.
(SFC, 11/18/99, p.A17)
1990 In Colombia an army
offensive routed the FARC from its rear-guard retreat in Uribe, but
the rebels regrouped and grew to 15,000 fighters.
(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A13)
1990 In Colombia Jacobo Arenas,
FARC political idealogue, died of a heart attack. He was replaced by
(Econ, 2/28/04, p.37)
1990 In Czechoslovakia Radomil
Hill, distiller, began brewing absinthe and selling it to bars in
Prague and elsewhere.
(WSJ, 12/24/96, p.A1)
1990 In Eritrea Massawa was
liberated from Ethiopian forces.
(SFC, 6/11/97, p.C2)
1990 The Venice Commission was
created by 18 member states to advise the Council of Europe on
constitutional matters after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Its
official name is the European Commission for Democracy through Law.
By 2012 it included 47 members.
1990 The files of Stasi,
the East German state security police, were opened to the public.
The East German state security police had attempted to destroy all
records but shredding machines overheated and much evidence was torn
up by hand. A publicly funded project was begun to reconstruct the
(WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/4/97, p.A14)
1990 East Germany halted food
shipments to Cuba and the Soviet Union cut back on deliveries of
(Econ., 12/12/20, p.38)
1990 Maria Casares (1922-1996)
won the French National Grand prix of Theater.
(SFC, 11/25/96, p.B2)
1990 Bui Tin, a former
Vietnamese army journalist, defected to France during a trip for a
meeting organized by l'Humanite communist newspaper in Paris.
1990 In Greece conservatives
returned to power and elected Constantine Karamanlis to the 5-year
post of president.
(SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)
1990 In Haiti the first
democratic elections were held and won by Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a
left-leaning former Catholic priest.
(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A12)
1990 In Honduras some 2,000
members of 7 leftist clandestine organizations accepted and amnesty.
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A22)
1990 In India Prime Minister
V.P. Singh announced that the government would set aside 27% of
public sector jobs for the backward castes. This caused riots by the
upper castes and the toppling of his government.
(WSJ, 5/10/96, p.A-4)
1990 India enacted its Armed
Forces Special Powers Act which made civilian courts powerless to
initiate criminal prosecutions against security forces in disturbed
areas without federal permission.
(SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A24)
1990 The Bargi Dam along
India’s Narmada River was completed. Many uprooted families moved to
the slums of Jabalpur.
(SFC, 1/17/02, p.A9)
1990 In Iran the Fertility
Regulation Council was established.
(SFC, 5/15/98, p.D2)
1990 In Iraq Gen’l. Omar
al-Hazza was executed after becoming increasingly critical of Saddam
(SFC, 1/31/97, p.A13)
1990 It was reported in 1998
that evidence was found that Iraq put VX nerve gas into missile
warheads prior to the Gulf War.
(SFC, 6/23/98, p.A10)
1990 Iraq produced large
amounts of biological agents for weapons. In late 1990 Iraqi
scientists tested ricin as a biological weapon in an artillery
(SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)(WSJ, 7/18/03, p.A1)
1990 In Israel Victor
Ostrovsky, a former agent of Mossad, published a book about the
(SFC, 2/25/98, p.A8)
1990 Israelis began investing
in Romania and by 2006 had put in as much as $2 billion, much of it
routed through 3rd countries in order to take advantage of tax
(WSJ, 10/4/06, p.A1)
1990 In Naples some $60 million
vanished in incomplete construction sites for the soccer World Cup
(SFC, 2/13/98, p.A12)
1990 In Italy the Leaning Tower
of Pisa was closed off to tourists for fear of its falling over. The
tilt was reduced by 16 inches over the next 11 years and re-opening
was scheduled in 2001.
(WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/7/01, p.A11)
1990 In Italy the Northern
League began annual rallies as a cry for independence.
1990 Ivory Coast held its first
(Econ, 8/20/16, p.38)
1990 A 173-page memoir by
Japanese Emperor Hirohito (1901-1989), created at the request of
Gen. Douglas MacArthur and dictated to the emperor’s aides soon
after the end of the war, was published in Japan. It covers events
from the Japanese assassination of Manchurian warlord Zhang Zuolin
in 1928 to the emperor's surrender broadcast recorded on Aug. 14,
1945. On Dec. 6, 2017, the transcript of the memoir was sold at
auction in NYC for $275,000.
(AP, 12/5/17)(SFC, 12/8/17, p.A2)
1990 Shintaro Ishihara
(b.1932), a member of Japan’s House of Representatives, authored
“The Japan That Can Say No," in which he outlines what Japan must do
in order to be the mainspring of the new world order.
1990 The film "Dreams" was
directed by Akira Kurosawa.
(SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)
1990 Japan raised its interest
rates and ordered banks to curtail property lending. This resulted
in a major crash in land values. Speculation in domestic real
estate, stocks, overpriced overseas investments, and foreign
pressure to force the value of the yen upward causes a collapse of
the "bubble economy."
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-1)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)
1990 Chiyo Uno (1897-1996) was
awarded a title by the emperor and named a "person of cultural
merit." Her best known book was "Ohan" (1957).
1990 The Sakura Bank was
created from the merger of Mitsui Bank and Taiyo Kobe Bank.
(WSJ, 10/15/99, p.A10)
1990 Fusako Sano (9)
disappeared while walking home in Sanjo in Niigita Prefecture. In
2000 she was found held hostage at the home of Nobuyuki Sato (37),
35 miles away from where she was kidnapped.
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.A12)
1990 In Lebanon Al-Manar was
founded to give voice to Hezbollah the Shiites. In 1997 Al-Manar
Television received a broadcasting license from the Lebanese
government. In 2004 the US designated it as a terrorist entity.
(WSJ, 7/28/06, p.A1)
1990 In Lesotho King Moshoeshoe
II was forced into exile after a series of 3 military coups ousted
him from the throne. His son Letsie assumed the throne.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.14A)
1990 The population of
Lithuania began dwindling from 3.7 million to 2.8 million in 2019.
In 2020 the number of citizens returning home surpassed the number
(Econ., 1/30/21, p.43)
1990 In Madagascar the Malagasy
government agreed to an environmental action plan that called for
the creation of national parks and protected areas.
(SFC, 6/23/96, Z1 p.5)
1990 The Marshall Islands
first president signed a deal with a company, International
Registries Inc., to create a tax-friendly, low-cost way for ships to
sail under the Marshall Islands flag.
(NY Times, 6/4/21)
1990 Melchizedek was founded as
a Pacific island nation by Tzemech Ben David Netzer Koren of
(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D2)
1990 Mexico created a National
Human Rights Commission.
(Econ, 2/16/08, p.44)
1990 Mexican physician Humberto
Alvarez Machain was abducted by operatives of the US government. He
had been indicted in LA for involvement in the 1985 kidnapping and
murder of US drug agent Enrique Camarena. Machain was later
acquitted. In 2001 a US federal appeals court ruled that the
abduction violated an int’l. human rights law.
(SFC, 9/13/01, p.C2)
1990 In Mexico Telefonos de
Mexico (Telmex) was privatized.
(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A10)
1990 Compartamos was
established in Mexico as a non-profit group to make small,
uncollateralized business loans to the poor (microcredit).
(Econ, 3/17/07, p.84)
1990 Manuel Moreno Rivas
(b.1909), founder of Sinaloa’s El Debate newspaper, sold it.
1990 Mexican businessman Carlos
Hank Rhon won a concession for an independent cellular license in
western Mexico. He paid $10 million for the right with BellSouth of
Atlanta as a partner.
(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A6)
1990 In Mexico the Laguna Verde
nuclear power plant near Xalapa in Veracruz state opened under
popular protests. By 1997-1998 issues of corruption, mismanagement
and disregard for safety regulations plagued the plant.
(SFC, 1/12/98, p.A10)
1990 In Mongolia demonstrations
against Russian rule began. The Mongolian Communist soon voted to
(SFEM, 10/12/97, p.29)
1990 Elbegdorj Tsahkiagiin,
leader of a democratic revolution, became the first democratic PM of
1990 Sam Nujoma became
president of Namibia.
(Econ, 11/20/04, p.50)
1990 In Nepal a parliamentary
democracy with 205 seats was adopted to replace the absolute
monarchy. A popular revolt led to the institution of a
(WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/13/99, p.C2)(WSJ,
1990 Nicaragua switched
diplomatic recognition from Beijing to Taipei.
(Econ, 11/9/13, p.43)
1990 In Nicaragua Arnoldo
Aleman became mayor of Managua.
(SFC, 10/15/96, p.A1,12)
1990 Foreign development aid in
Niger was $270 million for the year.
(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A5)
1990 Nigeria founded a drug
agency and was soon in scandal as the top people were found to be
involved in trafficking.
(Econ, 12/8/07, p.56)
1990 In Nigeria 109 children
died after taking paracetamol laced with a compound similar to
diethylene glycol and also used in engine coolants.
1990 Norway established a
sovereign wealth fund, the Government Pension Fund Global, to
prepare the country for a post-oil future and to prevent
deindustrialization. By 2020 the $1 trillion GPFG was the world's
largest fund and owned about 1.5% of all world shares.
(Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.14)(Econ., 5/23/20, p.61)
1990 Norwegian church groups
brought the government of Guatemala and rebels together for peace
talks in Oslo.
(SFC, 12/5/96, p.C1)
1990 In Pakistan some 70 tons
of hashish was transported across the country by camel and loaded
onto 2 freighters. 28 tons were loaded onto the freighter Saratoga
Success, which collided with another ship and after 2 typhoons ended
up beached in the Philippines. The freighter Lucky Star left
Pakistan in 1991 with the other 48 tons and stopped to pick up the
28 tons on the Saratoga. The final destination was Vancouver, BC,
but US federal agents intercepted the $250 million shipment.
(SFC, 4/19/97, p.C1)
1990 In Papua New Guinea
businessmen and politicians journeyed into the Hunstein Forest to
collect the "x’s" of clansmen on a deal to sell their forest for
royalty payments. The government in Port Moresby, the capital, has
since suspended the deal.
(SFC, 5/29/96, p.A8)
1990 Vladimiro Montesinos
became the head of Peru’s intelligence services.
(SFE, 9/17/96, p.A11)
1990 In Peru 49 members of the
MRTA, including their leader Victor Polay, escaped from the Canto
Grande prison near Lima.
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)
1990 In Peru the MRTA
assassinated a former defense minister.
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)
1990 Peru created the
Kugapakori-Nahua-Nanti reserve to protect native Amerindians who
shunned contact with the outside world.
(Econ, 4/26/14, p.35)
1990 The killing and selling of
dolphins became illegal in Peru, and the market went underground.
(PacDis, Winter/’96, p.36)
1990 In Peru the inflation rate
(Econ, 8/28/10, p.66)
1990 By this year the Republic
of Congo was totally bankrupt. The French oil company Elf Aquitaine
dominated oil production. The country was Africa’s 4th largest
producer of crude oil.
1990 Pakistan jailed Sarabjit
Singh was jailed. A court sentenced him to death for his role in
bomb attacks and espionage. In 2012 President Asif Ali Zardari
commuted the death sentence of the Indian prisoner to life in
prison, the equivalent of time served in this case.
1990 Francis Ona declared
independence and himself president of what he called Meekamuii.
Papua New Guinea tightened its blockade.
(SFC, 12/29/01, p.A9)
1990 In Papua New Guinea
soldiers withdrew from Bougainville following a ceasefire with the
Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA).
(Econ, 2/9/08, p.48)
1990 The killing and selling of
dolphins became illegal in Peru, and the market went underground.
(PacDis, Winter/’96, p.36)
1990 A Miami-bound Boeing 727
owned by the Peruvian Faucett Airlines crashed into the North
Atlantic after running out of fuel. There were 18 airline employees
and relatives on board. The wreckage was never recovered.
1990 In Romania former prime
minister Ilie Verdet formed the Socialist Party.
(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A20)
1990 Gorbachev struggled to
hold the USSR together.
(TMC, 1994, p.1990)
1990 The Soviets pulled out of
the Hradcany air force base north of Prague, Czechoslovakia, and
left behind some 6,500 tons of jet fuel soaked into nearly 15 acres
of foul-smelling land.
(WSJ, 4/5/96, p.B-3A)(Econ, 5/31/08, SR p.11)
1990 In Russia the Moscow Union
of Lesbians and Gays was founded.
(SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.6)
1990 The Russian city of Dubna
began a sister-city relationship with La Crosse, Wisconsin.
(http://tinyurl.com/mrtq7n9)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B5)
1990 Pinto da Costa lost the
presidency of Sao Tome and Principe after introducing reforms,
including multi-party democracy that saw the election as president
of Miguel Trovoada.
1990 South Korea and Russia
established diplomatic relations. This allowed some 4,000 Koreans to
returned from Sakhalin. Historians say Japan forcibly mobilized
around 30,000 Koreans as workers during the late 1930s and 1940s on
what was then called Karafuto, or the Japanese-occupied southern
half of Sakhalin.
1990 Mahele Lieko Bokoungo led
Zairian soldiers to back up the Hutu regime of Pres. Juvenal
Habyarimana of Rwanda.
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B5)
1990 The Liberation Tigers of
Tamil Eelam evicted some 75,000 Muslims from northern Sri Lanka and
most fled to Puttalam. Muslims comprised some 8% of Sri Lanka’s 20
million people. In the east the rebels slaughtered up to 1,000
(Econ, 10/13/07, p.45)
1990 Islamist leader Hassan
al-Turabi invited Osma bin Laden to Sudan and provided him with a
safe haven from 1991 to 1996, when the Al-Qaeda chief was eventually
expelled under mounting international pressure on Khartoum.
1990 In Suriname Desi Bouterse
launched a second coup.
1990 Sweden adopted legislation
that lowered the blood alcohol limit for all drivers to .02%. The US
standard was .08%.
1990 In Switzerland legislation
was passed to punish bankers who knowingly accepted money that came
from a crime.
(WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)
1990 In Switzerland a group,
called "Projekt 26" or P-26, was disbanded after revelations of its
existence prompted a public scandal. It had roots in the 1950s when
the Swiss military began assembling a guerrilla-style force to
resist a Communist invasion. A 1991 probe into P-26 concluded that
while it was not part of any "international resistance network", it
had unusually intense ties to British agents starting in 1967.
1990 In Uganda Joseph Kony, a
faith healer, revived the Holy Spirit Movement and led his LRA
rebels in northern Uganda from training camps in southern Sudan.
(SFC, 3/5/96, p.A9)
1990 The Vatican issued a new
church law that required Catholic dioceses around the world to
support the Holy See.
(SFEM, 1/19/96, p.10)
1990-1991 Cheers was the top ranking network show
on television with a ranking of 21.6%.
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)
1990-1991 The was an economic recession in the US
that was precipitated by tax hikes.
(WSJ, 7/31/96, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/11/99, p.A22)
1990-1991 Cuba was producing 90 million cigars
(SFC, 7/13/96, p.A9)
1990-1991 The Nung from Vietnam made their way to
Hong Kong as boat people.
(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A10)
1990-1992 In the US 834 banks failed during this
(WSJ, 7/14/08, p.A1)
1990-1992 A study by the Univ. of Michigan showed
96% of fifth graders in Japan had higher test scores in math than
their American counterparts. Students of Taiwan in the 11th grade
outscored American students by 86% and Japanese students scored 92%
higher than the American average.
(LSA, Spring 1995, p.27)
1990-1992 In Israel Ariel Sharon served as the
housing minister and presided over the settlement drive in the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip.
(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)
1990-1993 In Kenya’s "Goldenberg affair" millions
of dollars were paid for non-existent exports of gold and diamonds.
Some $600 million was secreted abroad and into the bank accounts of
numerous ministers and their friends. A firm called Goldenberg
International manipulated export compensation. A commission of
inquiry from 2003-2005 presented its report to Pres. Kibaki in 2006.
1990-2009 In Kenya the forests shrank during this
period by a at least 60%.
(Econ, 8/29/09, p.22)
1990-1993 Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana,
an ethnic Hutu, requested French troops to help block an ethnic
Tutsi exile force that was penetrating the country from Uganda.
French troops were present over the next 3 1/2 years.
(WSJ, 1/24/97, p.A14)
1990-1994 In Honduras Rafael Callejas served as
1990-1996 In Nicaragua Sergio Palacios Cruz, aka
Charro, took up arms again citing threats from the Sandinistas as
well as unfilled government promises. He led a group of about 300
men in the area around Wanawas and is viewed by some as a protector
and by others as a bandit and robber.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6,7)
1990-1998 In Honduras death squads had killed 701
people over this period.
(SFC, 1/15/98, p.A12)
1990-1998 In South Africa in the Northern Province
some 577 killings were committed related to witchcraft.
(SFC, 10/23/98, p.D3)
1990-1999 In 2003 Joseph E. Stiglitz authored "The
Roaring Nineties: A New History of the World's Most Prosperous
(SSFC, 12/21/03, p.M5)
1990-1999 Pres. George Bush declared the 90s as
"The Decade of the Brain."
(SFEC, 2/9/97, Par p.20)
1990-2000 This was a period of economic stagnation
in Japan and later called "the lost decade." It resulted in the
opening of the Japanese economy to foreigners. In 2006 a trio of
economists authored a paper “Zombie lending and depressed
re-structuring in Japan," which examined how subsidies to weak firms
prolonged Japan’s period of deflation.
(WSJ, 12/28/00, p.A1)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.62)
1990-2004 A 14-year civil war began in Liberia.
1.2 million people were forced flee their homes. 700,000 sought
shelter in Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone and other West
African countries. 14 years of fighting left some 250,000 people
(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.48)
1990-2005 Global Witness estimated that Myanmar
lost 18% of its forests during this period. The country once had
four-fifths of the world’s teak.
(Econ, 4/21/12, p.58)