Timeline 1987

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1987        Jan 1, Nicaragua’s Sandinista Constitution was promulgated. It provided the final step in the institutionalization of the Sandinista regime and the framework under which the Chamorro government would take office.

1987        Jan 3, At the top of the record charts included: Walk Like an Egyptian by the Bangles; Everybody Have Fun Tonight by Wang Chung; Notorious by Duran Duran; Mind Your Own Business by Hank Williams, Jr.
1987        Jan 3,  The first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame was ‘Lady Soul’: Aretha Franklin (b.1942). Bill Haley was among the 14 others inducted.

1987        Jan 4, An Amtrak train bound from Washington to Boston collided with Conrail engines approaching from a side track in Chase, Md., and 16 people were killed.
    (AP, 1/4/98)

1987        Jan 6, The US Senate voted 88-4 to establish an 11-member panel to hold public hearings on the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 1/6/07)
1987        Jan 6, Astronomers reported sighting a new galaxy 12 billion light years away.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1987        Jan 7, The US House of Representatives, by House Resolution 12, established the Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran. The US Senate passed a similar resolution a day earlier. The two Chambers instructed their respective Committees to work together and charged them with investigating, among other things, any activity of any officer or entity of the United States Government relating to the Iran initiative.

1987        Jan 8, For the first time, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above 2,000, ending the day at 2002.25.
    (AP, 1/8/98)

1987        Jan 9, The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between US arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.
    (AP, 1/9/07)

1987        Jan 12, Neil Goldschmidt (b.1940), former mayor of Portland, began serving a 4-year term as governor of Oregon. He later served under Pres. Carter as Sec. of Transportation. It was later reported that Goldschmidt had engaged in a 3-year relationship, while mayor of Portland, with a girl (14) who babysat his children.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5l7rj)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A11)
1987        Jan 12, Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite arrived in Lebanon on his latest mission to win the release of Western hostages; however, Waite ended up being taken captive himself.
    (AP, 1/12/07)

1987        Jan 13, In Chico, Ca., Dr. William Chiapella (67) and his wife Katherine were beaten and stabbed to death in their home. In 1989 Steven Crittenden (21) was convicted of their murder and sentenced to death. In 2013 his conviction and sentence were tossed out because prosecutors had dismissed the only African American in the jury pool.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/qxd6lsq)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.C5)
1987        Jan 13, West German police arrested Mohammed Ali Hamadi at the Frankfurt airport, when customs officials discovered liquid explosives in his luggage. The Lebanese man was convicted and served a life sentence in Germany for the 1985 hijacking of a TWA jetliner and killing of a U.S. Navy diver. Although convicted and sentenced to life, Hamadi was paroled by Germany in December 2005.
    (AP, 12/20/05)(AP, 1/13/07)

1987        Jan 14, Sam Wagstaff, photo collector, died. His collection of 7,500 prints was sold to the Getty Museum in 1984 for a reported $5 million.
    (WSJ, 1/30/97, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/e9t5m)

1987        Jan 15, Ray Bolger (b.1904), actor and dancer, died in Los Angeles. He played the Scarecrow in the 1939 production of the “Wizard of Oz."

1987         Jan 16, Lita McClinton Sullivan was shot to death at her home in Atlanta by a man with roses posing as a delivery person. Florida millionaire James Vincent Sullivan paid a man $25,000 to kill Lita McClinton Sullivan to avoid losing property in a divorce. In 2003 a Thai court ruled to extradite Sullivan (61). In 2004 James Vincent Sullivan arrived in Atlanta, Ga., for prosecution. In 2006 he was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/15/03)(WSJ, 4/13/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/15/06, p.A3)
1987        Jan 16, China’s Communist Party chief Hu Yaobang became the scapegoat for student protests and was forced to resign. He was succeeded by Zhao Ziyang.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1987        Jan 16, In Spain Jose Ignacio De Juana Chaos (b.1955), a former police officer who joined one of ETA's most active commando units, was arrested. In 1989 he was convicted of killing 25 people in a string of attacks, including the Madrid car bombing that killed 12 Civil Guard policemen on July 14, 1986. In 2008 De Juana Chaos (52) was released from prison after serving 21 years.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I%C3%B1aki_de_Juana_Chaos)

1987        Jan 17, A Reagan Administration official who initiated the arms shipments to Iran, acknowledged that the US had virtually no independent intelligence to support its policy.
1987        Jan 17, Hans Fricke on an undersea expedition off the east coast of Africa at a 180 meters from Grande Comore’s west coast found and filmed a coelacanth fish at a depth of 198 meters.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.827)

1987        Jan 20, Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite disappeared in Beirut, Lebanon, while attempting to negotiate the release of Western hostages. He was freed in November 1991.
    (AP, 1/20/98)

1987        Jan 21, In South Africa a paramilitary force killed 13 civilians in their sleep in the KwaMakutha Zulu township (KwaZulu-Natal black homeland). In 1996 former defense minister Magnus Malan and 20 others were charged with authorizing the killing. The first six defendants of the Inkatha Freedom party were acquitted by Judge Jan Hugo. Former intelligence officer Johan Opperman admitted to planning the attack.
    (SFC,7/18/96, p.E3)(SFC,10/11/96, p.A16)(WSJ,10/11/96, p.A1)(SFC,10/12/96, p.A10)

1987        Jan 22, R. Budd Dwyer, Penn. State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference.
1987        Jan 22, France named Manuel Noriega, head of Panama, a Commander of the Legion of Honor (Legion d’Honneur).

1987        Jan 24, Gunmen in Lebanon kidnapped educators Alann Steen, Jesse Turner, Robert Polhill and Mitheleshwar Singh. All were later released.
    (AP, 1/24/98)
1987        Jan 24, About 20,000 civil rights demonstrators marched through predominantly white Forsyth County, Ga., a week after a smaller march was disrupted by Ku Klux Klan members and supporters.
    (AP, 1/24/98)

1987        Jan 31, Discount airline pioneer People Express flew its last flights before merging into Continental Airlines.
    (AP, 1/31/00)

1987        Jan, The S&P 500 Index rose a record 13% this January.
    (SSFC, 1/5/03, p.G5)
1987        Jan, San Francisco station KRON-TV became the first major market TV station in the US to air a condom commercial.
1987        Jan, In China Deng Xiaoping expelled leading dissident intellectuals from the party.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/k8cgn)
1987        Jan, Voodoo priestess, Alice Auma Lakwena, set up a rebel group to fight Uganda's new leader, Yoweri Museveni. The following year, Joseph Kony, presented as Lakwena's cousin, took over the group, which was renamed the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and whose mission was to rule by the Bible's Ten Commandments.
    (AFP, 3/10/18)

1987        Feb 1, Terry Williams of Los Gatos, CA, won the largest slot machine payoff to that time. He put $4.9 million in his pockets after getting four lucky "7s" on a machine in Reno, NV.
1987        Feb 1, Sala Burton (b.1925), US Representative from California (1983-1987), died of colon cancer in Washington, DC. She served as president of the San Francisco Democratic Women's Forum from 1957 to 1959. Burton was succeeded by Nancy Pelosi.

1987        Feb 2, The White House announced the resignation of CIA director William Casey, who was hospitalized and had undergone brain surgery.
    (AP, 2/2/06)
1987        Feb 2, Largest steel strike in American history, in progress since August, ended.
    (HN, 2/2/99)

1987        Feb 3, The San Diego Yacht Club celebrated the victory of skipper Dennis Conner and the Stars and Stripes over Australia to sweep the America's Cup series.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1987        Feb 4, Congress overrode Pres Reagan's veto of Clean Water Act. Changes in the 1972 Act phased out the construction grants program, replacing it with the State Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund, more commonly known as the Clean Water State Revolving Fund.
    {ReaganR, USA, Environment}
1987        Feb 4, Pianist Liberace (67) died of AIDS at his home in Palm Springs, Calif.
    (AP, 2/4/97)

1987        Feb 6, No-smoking rules took effect in US federal buildings.
1987        Feb 6, Wall Street Journal reporter Gerald Seib was released after being detained six days by Iran, accused of being a spy for Israel; Iran said the detention was a result of misunderstandings.
    (AP, 2/6/07)

1987        Feb 9, Robert McFarlane (1919-2006), former US national security adviser, attempted suicide.
1987        Feb 9, Antanas Sabaniauskas (b.1903), Lithuania's leading pop tenor, died.

1987        Feb 11, Peggy Hettrick (37) in Fort Collins, Colorado, was murdered. Timothy Masters (15) was convicted and sentenced to life in 1999 for the crime. He served nine and a half years of a life sentence for the murder until DNA evidence from the body in 2008 was found to match the victim's ex-boyfriend and not the Masters.
    (Reuters, 1/22/08)

1987        Feb 12, White youths in Queens County, NYC, connected to the Howard Beach racial attacks of December, 1986, were indicted on charges ranging from second-degree murder to inciting to riot and criminal facilitation.
1987        Feb 12, In Alabama surviving relatives of a black man murdered by KKK members were awarded $7 million in damages.
1987        Feb 12, A Court in Texas upheld an $8.5 billion fine imposed on Texaco for the illegal takeover of Getty Oil.
    (HN, 2/12/98)
1987        Feb 12, Friends of the poet Boris Pasternak and of Russian culture agreed that the 1958 resolution expelling Pasternak from the Writers' Union had to be rescinded. People met and voted in the same ornate conference room where, thirty years earlier, the great poet had been cast out of the union.

1987        Feb 14, Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky (b.1904), Russian composer, died.

1987        Feb 15, ABC-TV began broadcasting "Amerika" mini-series.

1987        Feb 16, John Demjanjuk (66), a retired auto worker from Ohio, went on trial in Jerusalem, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible," a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp. He was convicted, but the Israeli Supreme Court overturned the ruling.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Demjanjuk)

1987        Feb 19, An anti-smoking ad aired for the 1st time on TV and featured Yul Brynner (1920-1985), who had died of lung cancer.
1987        Feb 19, US Pres. Reagan lifted remaining economic sanctions against Poland.
1987        Feb 19, New York Governor Mario Cuomo declared that he would not run for president in the next election.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1987        Feb 20, The Unabomber placed a bomb in a parking lot behind CAAMS computer store in Salt Lake City. CAAMS vice president, Gary Wright was seriously injured.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(AP, 2/20/98)
1987        Feb 20, Soviet authorities released Jewish activist Josef Begun.
    (AP, 2/20/98)

1987        Feb 22, Pop artist Andy Warhol (b.1928) died at a New York City hospital at age 58. His parents belonged to the Carpatho-Rusyns ethnic group. David Bourdon wrote a study of Warhol in 1989. In 1994 the Andy Warhol Museum opened in Pittsburgh, where he was born.
    (WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A24)(AP, 2/22/99)(SFEC, 8/13/00, p.T11)
1987        Feb 22, David Susskind (66), talk-show host, was found dead in his Manhattan hotel suite.
    (AP, 2/22/07)
1987        Feb 22, The Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors of six major industrial countries (Canada, France, Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, United States, G6) met in Paris and agreed in the Louvre Accord to bring down the value of the dollar.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.82)(www.g7.utoronto.ca/finance/fm870408.htm)

1987        Feb 23, The IMB (Irvine-Michigan-Brookhaven) radiation detector near Cleveland recorded neutrinos from the supernova. Neutrinos were also detected in Japan on a similar machine, Kamiokande II.
    (NG, 5/88, p.636)

1987        Feb 24, Fawn Hall, former personal secretary to fired National Security Council aide Oliver L. North, posed for news photographers outside her attorney's office, calling the attention "a little overwhelming."
    (AP, 2/24/07)
1987        Feb 24, Ian Shelton, astronomer, found a new fierce light in the sky created by the titanic explosion of a nearby star in the Large Magellanic Cloud, Supernova 1987A. This was the first time since 1604 that such an event could be seen with the naked eye. It was the first supernova of the year. It is located 170,000 light-years away.
    (NG, 5/88, p.619-620)(NH, 10/1/04, p.30)

1987        Feb 25, US Supreme Court upheld affirmative action with a 5-4 vote.
1987        Feb 25, The US Supreme Court ruled that California cannot bar gambling on Indian tribal land. This win by the Cabazon tribe opened the door to Indian gambling nationwide. By 2015 almost half of America’s 566 Native American tribes and villages operated casinos.
    (SFC, 5/11/04, p.B8)(WSJ, 9/27/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/7ub24)(Econ, 1/17/15, p.32)

1987        Feb 26, British stores released the 1st Beatles compact discs.
1987        Feb 26, NBA's Michael Jordan's scored 58 points for a Chicago Bull record.
1987        Feb 26, The Tower Commission, which probed the Iran-Contra affair, issued its report, which rebuked President Reagan for failing to control his national security staff.
    (AP, 2/26/98)
1987        Feb 26, NASA launched GOES-H (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite). It carried experimental search and rescue equipment.
1987        Feb 26, USSR resumed nuclear testing at Semipalitinsk in Eastern Kazakhstan.

1987        Feb 27, "Washington Week In Review" celebrated its 20th anniversary on PBS.
1987        Feb 27, Donald Regan resigned as White House chief of staff.

1987        Feb, Britain’s PM Margaret Thatcher privatized BAA (British Airports Authority). From a lethargic government bureaucracy it grew to become a major airport operator.
    (http://labhist.tripod.com/b12.htm)(WSJ, 9/24/96, p.A1)

1987        Mar 2, Two sets of quintuplets were born on the same day in the USA as Rosalind Helms delivered a basketball team of bouncing babies in Peoria, IL and Robin Jenkins became the mother of five in Las Vegas, NV.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1987        Mar 2, US government officials reported that the median price for a new home had topped $100,000 for the first time. The new six-figure price of $110,700 was up from $94,600.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1987        Mar 2, The Macintosh II computer was introduced. The 1st color Mac had a CPU speed of 16 MHz and sold for $3,898.
    (SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)(www.applematters.com/index.php/section/history/2006/03/02/)

1987        Mar 3, Danny Kaye (b.1913), actor, singer, dancer, comedian, broadcaster and American entertainment icon, died in Los Angeles.

1987        Mar 4, President Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair. He took full responsibility for the affair acknowledging his overtures to Iran had "deteriorated" into an arms-for-hostages deal. Michale Ledeen, Pentagon employee, later authored "Perilous Statecraft: An Insider's Account of the Iran-Contra Affair."
    (AP, 3/4/98)(HN, 3/4/98)(SFC, 5/14/03, p.A19)
1987        Mar 4, Jonathon Pollard (b.1954), US naval intelligence analyst convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage, was sentenced to life in prison without parole. He had sought to share US intelligence on Iraqi weapons with Israel and did so when after his superiors disagreed.
    (WSJ, 1/25/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A18)(www.jonathanpollard.org/2000/010900.htm)

1987        Mar 6, The British ferry Herald of Free Enterprise capsized in the Channel off the coast of Belgium after water rushed through the open bow doors. 189 people died when the ferry capsized off the Belgian port of Zeebrugge.
    (HN, 3/6/98)(AP, 3/6/98)

1987        Mar 9, Chrysler Corp. announced it had agreed to buy the financially ailing American Motors Corp.
    (AP, 3/9/07)

1987        Mar 10, Daniel Morgan (37), a private detective, was murdered with an ax in his head outside a London pub. At the time of his death, it is believed Morgan was about to expose a south London drug network, possibly involving corrupt police officers. In 2008  6 men wee arrested for involvement in the killing of Morgan.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/apr/22/ukcrime)
1987        Mar 10, Charles Haughey (1925-2006), head of Fianna Fail, was elected Taoiseach of Ireland for a 3rd term and held the position until 1992. Under his tenure ministers took cash from property and construction interests.
    (Econ, 10/16/04, Survey p.8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Haughey)
1987        Mar 10, The Vatican condemned surrogate parenting as well as test-tube and artificial insemination.
    (HN, 3/10/98)

1987        Mar 12, "Les Miserables" opened on Broadway. It was written by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schonberg.
    (AP, 3/12/98)(www.jimsdeli.com/theater/1997-before/les-miserables.htm)

1987        Mar 13, John Gotti was acquitted of racketeering.
    (HN, 3/13/98)
1987        Mar 13, The president of Ecuador announced his country had suspended payments on its foreign debt after earthquakes killed hundreds of people and ruptured the country's main oil pipeline. The quake destroyed nearly 25 miles of oil pipeline.
    (AP, 3/13/97)(SFC, 5/1/03, A8)
1987        Mar 13, Gerald Moore (b.1899), pianist, died in England. The book: “Am I Too Loud?, Memoirs of Gerald Moore" was published in 1962.

1987        Mar 14, President Reagan, in his Saturday radio address, said he should have listened to Secretary of State George P. Shultz and Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger when they advised him not to sell arms to Iran.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1987        Mar 15, "Starlight Express" by Andrew Lloyd Weber, opened at Gershwin Theater in NYC for 761 performances. The initial production had opened at the Apollo Victoria Theatre in London on March 27 1984.
1987        Mar 15, Peggy Say, the sister of Terry Anderson, the Associated Press correspondent held hostage in Lebanon, said President Reagan was being "unjustly castigated" for his arms-for-hostages deal.
    (AP, 3/15/97)

1987        Mar 16, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1987         Mar 17, A US federal appeals court cleared the way for the perjury indictment of former White House aide Michael Deaver (b.1938). He was later convicted of three of five perjury counts and fined $100,000.
    (AP, 3/17/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Deaver)
1987        Mar 17, Antonio Lopez (b.1943), fashion illustrator, died in Los Angeles from AIDS. In 2018 the documentary "Antonio Lopez 1970: Sex Fashion & Disco,"  directed by James Crump,  was released.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Lopez_(illustrator))(SFC, 10/5/18, p.E6)

1987        Mar 18, Susan Butcher won her second consecutive Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, covering the distance from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, in 11 days, 2 hours, 5 minutes and 13 seconds.
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1987        Mar 19, Televangelist Jim Bakker resigned as chairman of his PTL ministry organization amid a sex and money scandal involving Jessica Hahn, a former church secretary from Oklahoma. Some $265,000 in ministry funds had been used to keep Hahn quiet about a one-time sexual encounter in 1980.
    (AP, 3/19/97)(SSFC, 7/22/07, p.B7)
1987         Mar 19, President Reagan, in a news conference, repudiated his policy of selling arms to Iran, saying, "I would not go down that road again."
    (AP, 3/19/97)

1987        Mar 20, The Food and Drug Administration approved the sale of AZT, a drug shown to prolong the lives of some AIDS patients. Jerome Horwitz of the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute and Wayne State University School of Medicine first synthesized AZT in 1964 under a US National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant. It was developed by Burroughs-Welcome (later part of GlaxoSmithKline).
    (WSJ, 1/30/96, p.A-16)(AP, 3/20/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zidovudine)(Econ, 6/2/12, p.80)

1987        Mar 21, Dean Paul Martin (Dino, b.1951), the son of singer Dean Martin, died when his National Guard F-4 Phantom fighter jet crashed in a mountainous area of California, killing him and his RIO (Radar Intercept Officer), Ramon Ortiz. From then on the father became somewhat of a recluse until his own death in 1995.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, DB p.40)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dean_Paul_Martin)
1987         Mar 21, Actor Robert Preston, best-known for his portrayal of conman Professor Harold Hill in the musical "The Music Man," died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 68.
    (AP, 3/21/97)
1987        Mar 20, In NYC hit men in Queens dispatched by mobster Joel Cacace to kill William Aronwald (1940-2020), a noted prosecutor and defense lawyer, mistakenly tracked and killed his father, George M. Aronwald (78). News accounts later said Mr. Cacace, acting on the orders of an imprisoned crime boss, Carmine Persico, had arranged to have William Aronwald killed. “After the botched assignment, Mr. Cacace had his hit men killed, prosecutors said. Then, they added, he had the hit men who had killed the hit men killed."
    (NY Times, 12/9/20)

1987        Mar 22, A garbage barge, carrying 3,200 tons of refuse, left Islip, N.Y., on a six-month journey in search of a place to unload. The barge was turned away by several states and three countries until space was found back in Islip.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1987        Mar 23, The American soap opera "Bold and Beautiful" premiered.
1987        Mar 23, Jerry Collins, a millionaire greyhound racetrack owner, donated $1.3 million to help evangelist Oral Roberts reach his goal of raising $8 million for medical scholarships.
    (AP, 3/23/97)
1987        Mar 23, US offered military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1987        Mar 24, ACT-UP had its first demonstration at the New York Stock Exchange over the high prices of AZT and the long FDA process for approving drugs. Earlier this month writer Larry Kramer had urged the formation of a "political action" group to fight AIDS in New York. Kramer helped found the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, ACT UP.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A13)(NW, 6/11/01, p.46)
1987        Mar 24, French Premier Jacques Chirac signed a contract with Walt Disney Productions for the creation of a Disneyland amusement park, the first in Europe.
    (AP, 3/23/97)

1987        Mar 25, The US Supreme Court ruled employers may sometimes favor women and members of minority groups over men and whites in hiring and promoting in order to achieve better balance in the work force.
    (AP, 3/25/97)
1987        Mar 25, The FDA announced a 2-year reduction in the drug approval process.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A13)

1987        Mar 26, "Fences" by August Wilson (1945-2005) premiered in NYC.
1987        Mar 26, National Federation of High Schools adopted college 3 point shot (21 feet). The FIBA instituted the three-point shot at a distance of 20 feet, 6 inches (6.25 meters) in the international game in 1984.
1987        Mar 26, Jessica Hahn, the former church secretary who admitted to a sexual encounter with former PTL head Jim Bakker, told reporters she had not tried to blackmail Bakker, and expressed concern about "innocent bystanders who have been hurt" by the scandal.
    (AP, 3/26/97)
1987        Mar 26, NASA launched Fltsatcom-6, but it failed after 51 seconds due to lightning.

1987        Mar 27, The Marine Corps charged that Sgt. Clayton J. Lonetree, a Marine guard, had escorted Soviet agents through the U.S. Embassy in Moscow -- an accusation that was later dropped, although Lonetree was convicted of espionage.
    (AP, 3/27/97)

1987        Mar 28, Maria Augusta von Trapp (b.1905), one of the Trapp Family Singers, died in Morrisville, Vt. Her 1949 book “The Story of the Trapp Family Singers" was fictionalized in the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The Sound of Music (1965).
    (AP, 3/28/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_von_Trapp)

1987        Mar 29, The N.C.A.A. Women's Basketball Rules Committee adopted the 3-point field-goal shot from the same 19-feet-9-inch distance the men used.
1987        Mar 29, Haiti’s Constitution barred Duvalierists from candidacy for 10 years. The new Constitution also abolished the death penalty.
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.C6)(AP, 1/17/11)
1987        Mar 29, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir was re-elected chairman of the right-wing Herut Party, the largest party in the Likud bloc governing Israel as part of a coalition.
    (AP, 3/28/97)

1987        Mar 30, Vincent Van Gogh's "Sunflowers" was bought for $39.85 million. The Vincent van Gogh painting "Sunflowers" was presented by art teacher Claude-Emile Schuffenecker at a 1901 Paris exhibition. It sold in 1987 for $40.3 million to the Yasuda Fire and Marine Insurance Co. and was reported in 1997 to be a possible fake. Van Gogh’s letters refer to only 6 paintings of sunflowers, and the Yasuda painting is a seventh.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.D4)(HN, 3/30/98)   
1987        Mar 30 The movie "Platoon" won four Academy Awards, including best picture; Paul Newman was named best actor for "The Color of Money," Marlee Matlin won best actress for "Children of a Lesser God."
    (AP, 3/30/97)

1987        Mar 31, Indiana Univ. won the NCAA basketball finals with a last-second, corner shot by Keith Smart.
    (WSJ, 4/4/03, p.B2)(http://tinyurl.com/rcskk)
1987        Mar 31, The judge in the "Baby M" case in Hackensack, N.J., awarded custody of the girl born under a surrogate-motherhood contract to her father, William Stern, instead of the surrogate, Mary Beth Whitehead.
    (AP, 3/31/97)

1987        Mar, In San Francisco Grimes Poznikov, aka the Automatic Human Jukebox, was ticketed by noise police and lost his street corner near Ghirardelli Square after 15 years of entertaining tourists. His horn was recorded as 13 decibels too high.
    (SSFC, 4/1/12, DB p.38)

1987        Apr 1, In his first major speech on the AIDS epidemic, President Reagan told doctors in Philadelphia, "We've declared AIDS public health enemy number one."
    (AP, 4/1/98)
1987               Apr 1,  Steve Newman became the first man to walk around the world.

1987        Apr 2, IBM announced the upcoming release of the PS/2 and OS/2 computers featuring the Microsoft MS OS/2 and Windows 2.0 computer operating systems.
    (Wired, 12/98, p.196)(http://pages.prodigy.net/michaln/history/pr/87apr_m3592.html)
1987        Apr 2, Buddy Rich (b.1917), jazz drummer, died.

1987        Apr 3, Stock prices rocketed on Wall Street as the Dow Jones industrial average soared 69.89 points, ending the day at a record 2,390.34.
    (AP, 4/3/97)
1987        Apr 3, Duchess of Windsor's jewels were auctioned for 31,380,197 pounds ($50 million).

1987        Apr 4, During a visit to Chile, Pope John Paul II denounced torture and pleaded for reconciliation.
    (AP, 4/4/97)

1987        Apr 5, Fox Broadcasting Co. made its prime-time TV debut by airing the premiere episodes of "Married ... With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show" three times each. In 2004 Daniel M. Kimmel authored “The Fourth Network." Ron Leavitt (1947-2008), writer and producer, co-created “Married… With Children" with Michael Moye.
    (AP, 4/5/02)(WSJ, 6/11/04, p.W4)(SFC, 2/13/08, p.B7)
1987        Apr 5, In New York state the Schoharie Creek Bridge, a New York State Thruway bridge over the Schoharie Creek near Fort Hunter, collapsed killing 10 people.
    (SFC, 4/11/09, p.D12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schoharie_Creek_Bridge_collapse)

1987        Apr 6, The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 2,400 for the first time.
    (AP, 4/6/97)
1987        Apr 6, Sugar Ray Leonard upset Marvelous Marvin Hagler to become middleweight champion.
    (AP, 4/6/97)
1987        Apr 6, Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis said on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks "may not have some of the necessities" to hold managerial jobs in major-league baseball. Campanis ended up being fired over his remarks.
    (AP, 4/6/07)

1987        Apr 7, Chicago Mayor Harold Washington handily won a second term, quashing a challenge by archrival Edward Vrdolyak.
    (AP, 4/7/97)
1987        Apr 7, Frances Newton (22) allegedly killed her husband and 2 children in Houston to gain insurance benefits. According to a reprieve petition, Adrian Newton was a drug user and drug seller and there was evidence that some sort of trouble in this regard was brewing before the murder. In 2005 she was executed in Huntsville, Texas, the 1st black woman to be executed by the state since the Civil War.
    (SFC, 9/15/05, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/9mw34)
1987        Apr 7, Ali Mecili, a lawyer active in Algeria's human rights movement, was killed by three gunshots in the foyer of his Paris apartment. Colleagues accused the Algerian government of involvement. In 2008 Algerian diplomat Mohamed Ziane Hasseni was arrested at an airport in the French port city of Marseille, based on an international arrest warrant. A Paris judge had signed the orders for the arrest of Hassani and the suspected killer, Abdelmalek Amellouet, in December last year. Hasseni was released on Feb 27.
    (AP, 10/17/08)(http://tinyurl.com/67pryj)(AP, 2/2809)

1987        Apr 8, Al Campanis, Dodger executive for more than 40 years, was fired after saying on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks may lack some of the "necessities" for becoming baseball managers.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/chronology/1987APRIL.stm)(AP, 4/8/97)

1987        Apr 9, Responding to charges of bugging at the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow, Soviet officials displayed microphones and other gadgets they said were found in Soviet missions in the United States.
    (AP, 4/9/97)

1987        Apr 10, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev delivered speeches on nuclear arms, with the president challenging the Soviets to join the United States in working harder for arms reductions, and Gorbachev proposing talks on short-range weapons.
    (AP, 4/10/97)

1987        Apr 11, Invoking emergency powers, the government of South Africa outlawed any action, word or written document protesting the practice of detention without trials or calling for the release of detainees.
    (AP, 4/11/97)
1987        Apr 11, Erskine Caldwell (83), Georgia-born novelist (Tobacco Road), died.
1987        Apr 11, Primo Levi (b.1920), Italian chemist, Auschwitz survivor and writer, died in Italy. In 2002 Carole Angier authored: "Primo Levi: A Biography." His books included the 1947 memoir "If This Is a Man" and "The Periodic Table." In 2002 Carole Angier authored the biography "The Double Bond."
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.M1)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.W10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primo_Levi)

1987        Apr 12, Texaco Inc., fighting an $11 billion judgment in favor of Pennzoil Co. stemming from Texaco's acquisition of Getty Oil Co., filed for federal bankruptcy protection. Texaco, with assets of $33.8 billion, later settled with Pennzoil for $3 billion.
    (AP, 4/12/97)(SFC, 4/7/01, p.A4)

1987        Apr 13, Gary Hart announced his bid for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 4/13/97)
1987        Apr 13, Ervin Nyiregyhazi (b.1903), Hungarian-born pianist, died in Los Angeles. He had been a child prodigy and arrived in the US in 1920, where he married 10 times and left behind over a 1000 largely unknown works. In 2007 Kevin Bazzana authored: “Lost Genius: The Story of a Forgotten Musical Maverick."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ervin_Ny%C3%ADregyh%C3%A1zi)(WSJ, 10/24/07, p.D10)
1987        Apr 13, Portugal signed an agreement to return Macau to China in 1999.

1987        Apr 14, Secretary of State George P. Shultz met at the Kremlin with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who proposed the elimination of short-range nuclear missiles in East Germany and Czechoslovakia as part of an arms control agreement with the United States.
    (AP, 4/14/97)
1987        Apr 14, In South Korea displaced residents of Sanggyedong protested against the government of dictator Chun Doo-hwan for demolishing their houses in Seoul.
    (AP, 3/11/18)
1987        Apr 14, The Turkish Government formally applied to join the European Communities.

1987        Apr 15, Alfred Uhry's "Driving Miss Daisy," premiered in NYC.
1987        Apr 15, A jury in Northampton, Mass., found Amy Carter, Abbie Hoffman and 13 other protesters innocent of charges stemming from a demonstration against CIA recruiters at the University of Massachusetts.
    (AP, 4/15/97)

1987        Apr 16, Winners of the 1987 Pulitzer Prizes included August Wilson's "Fences" for drama and Peter Taylor's "A Summons to Memphis" for fiction.
1987        Apr 16, The Federal Communications Commission put broadcasters on notice it would impose a broader definition of indecency over the airwaves.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1987        Apr 16, Iraqi forces attacked the Kurdish villages of Basilan and Sheik Wasan. This is believed to be the first time Saddam's regime used chemical weapons on Iraqi citizens.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
1987        Apr 16, Swedish Radio claimed Bofors paid kickbacks to top Indian politicians and key defense officials to secure a deal.

1987        Apr 17, President Reagan slapped $300 million in punitive duties on imported Japanese computers, television sets and power tools, in retaliation for Japan's alleged violation of a computer chip trade agreement.
    (AP, 4/17/97)
1987        Apr 17, Dick Shawn (57), comic actor born as Richard Schulefand, died while on stage at UC San Diego. He starred in the 1968 Mel Brooks film "The Producers."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, Par p.2)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0790071/)
1987        Apr 17, The Iraqi military won an important battle for Faw during Iran-Iraq war. This became a national holiday until 2003.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
1987        Apr 17,  In Sri Lanka Tamil extremists shot dead 127, mainly Sinhalese, in Trincomalee.

1987        Apr 18, President Reagan used his weekly radio address to express hope the superpowers could reach an agreement to sharply reduce the threat of intermediate-range nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 4/18/97)
1987        Apr 18, In Arizona Gregory Robertson made a 200-mph free fall to save Debbie Williams, who had collided with a fellow diver at around 9,000 feet and was knocked unconscious.

1987        Apr 19, The last free-flying condor in California, a 19-pound, 7-year-old male, was captured. He was released in 2002.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.A21)(SFC, 5/2/02, p.A6)
1987        Apr 19, Maxwell D. Taylor (85), US commander 101st airborne (WW II), died.
1987        Apr 19, Argentina's President Raul Alfonsin obtained the surrender of dozens of armed rebel soldiers who had been holed up at a military base for three days.
    (AP, 4/19/97)
1987        Apr 19, Antony Tudor (b.1909), dancer, British choreographer (American Ballet Theater) died.
    (SFC, 9/22/96, DB p.31)(www.cmi.univ-mrs.fr/~esouche/dance/Tudor.html)

1987        Apr 20, The United States deported Karl Linnas to the Soviet Union, where he had been convicted in absentia of Nazi war crimes and faced a death sentence. Linnas, who maintained his innocence, died of heart disease in Leningrad the following July.
    (AP, 4/20/97)
1987        Apr 20, In Florida the new Sunshine Skyway Bridge, connecting Tampa and St. Petersburg, opened. The original 1954 bridge had collapsed following a ship collision in 1980.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.D1)

1987        Apr 21, The Senate panel investigating the Iran-Contra affair voted to grant limited immunity to President Reagan's former national security adviser, Rear Adm. John M. Poindexter.
    (AP, 4/21/97)
1987        Apr 21, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tigers exploded a car bomb at the Colombo central bus stand and 113 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/mvxnv)

1987        Apr 22, Joe Hunt, leader of a social and investment group called the "Billionaire Boys Club," was convicted by a jury in Santa Monica, Calif., of murdering Ron Levin in 1984, a con man whose body had not been found. Hunt was sentenced to life in prison. In 1992 Hunt was also tried for the 1984 killing of Hedayat Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced a mistrial.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)(SFC, 3/29/97, p.A20)(AP, 4/22/97)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)

1987        Apr 23, In Connecticut 28 construction workers were killed when an apartment complex being built in Bridgeport collapsed.
    (AP, 4/23/97)

1987        Apr 24, In Greece 18 people, including 12 US military personnel, were injured when a roadside bomb exploded in the port of Piraeus; the guerrilla group November 17 claimed responsibility. In 2003 Dimitris Angelopoulos testified that he drove a truck in the bus bombing.
    (AP, 4/24/97)(AP, 3/26/03)

1987        Apr 25, Thousands of people gathered in Washington for three days of protests against U.S. foreign policy, particularly toward Central America and South Africa.
    (AP, 4/25/97)
1987        Apr 25, Larry Singleton (d.2001), rapist, was paroled from California State Prison near Chico after serving just over half of his 14 year sentence. A furor erupted and state officials settled him in a trailer on the grounds of San Quentin State Prison. In 1997 he stabbed a prostitute to death in Florida.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)

1987        Apr 27, The US Justice Department barred Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the US, saying he aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II.
    (AP, 4/27/97)

1987        Apr 28, Contra rebels in Nicaragua killed Benjamin Ernest Linder (b.1959), an American engineer working on a hydroelectric project for the Sandinista government. In 2001 Joan Kruckewitt authored “The Death of Ben Linder: The Story of a North American in Sandinista Nicaragua."
    (AP, 4/28/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Linder)

1987        Apr 30, President Reagan welcomed Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone to the White House.
    (AP, 4/30/97)
1987        Apr 30, William Bennett, US Education Secretary, called for mandatory AIDS testing for several groups of people, including hospital patients and prison inmates.
    (AP, 4/30/97)
1987        Apr 30, The Christian Coalition, created by Pat Robertson, was incorporated.
1987        Apr 30, Pope John Paul II began a five-day visit to West Germany.
    (AP, 4/30/97)

1987        Apr, An internal EPA memo warned that the gasoline additive MTBE had a tendency to separate from gasoline and leak into groundwater.
    (SSFC, 8/19/01, p.A1)
1987        Apr, In Fiji the largely Indian National Federation Party won elections.
    (Econ, 4/24/04, p.88)

1987        May 1, James Webb (b.1946) began serving as US Sec. of the Navy under Pres. Ronald Reagan. He resigned in 1988 after refusing to agree to reduce the size of the Navy.
1987         May 1, During a visit to West Germany, Pope John Paul II beatified Edith Stein, a Jewish-born Carmelite nun who was gassed in the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz.
    (AP, 5/1/97)

1987        May 2, Alysheba won the 113th running of the Kentucky Derby to earn a record $618,600; Bet Twice came in second and Avies Copy was third.
    (AP, 5/2/97)

1987        May 3,    The Miami Herald, in its Sunday edition, said its reporters had observed a young woman spending "Friday night and most of Saturday" at a Washington, D.C., townhouse belonging to Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart. The woman was later identified as Donna Rice; the scandal torpedoed Hart's presidential bid.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.C12)(AP, 5/3/07)

1987        May 4, Pope John Paul II ended his five-day visit to West Germany with a call for religious freedom in the Soviet bloc and praise for those who had opposed the "mass hysteria and propaganda" of the Nazi era.
    (AP, 5/4/97)

1987        May 5, The congressional Iran-Contra hearings opened with former Air Force Maj. General Richard V. Secord as the lead-off witness.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1987        May 5, The US federal government began a yearlong amnesty program, offering citizenship to illegal immigrants who met certain conditions.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1987        May 5, In San Francisco the 21st Street Baths at 3244 21st St. turned off its steam room and shut down its adult movie theater in response to the AIDS epidemic. The building was razed in 1996.
    (SSFC, 5/13/12, p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/77xoonh)

1987        May 6, Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart held a news conference in Hanover, N.H., in which he denied ever having an affair with Miami model Donna Rice, but declined to say whether he'd ever committed adultery. Washington Post reporter Paul Taylor asked him: "Have you ever committed adultery?"
    (AP, 5/6/97)(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A1)
1987        May 6, PTL's Jim Bakker and Rich Dortch were dismissed from Assemblies of God.
1987        May 6, William J. Casey, CIA Director (1981-1987), died at age 74.
    (AP, 5/6/97)
1987        May 6, A London building that housed the congress of South African Trade Unions was bombed under orders of the apartheid government of South Africa.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A11)

1987        May 7, Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart, dogged by reports about his relationship with Miami model Donna Rice, put his campaign on hold and flew home to Denver to be with his family.
    (AP, 5/7/97)

1987        May 8, An angry and defiant Gary Hart, dogged by questions about his personal life and his relationship with Miami model Donna Rice, withdrew from the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 5/8/97)

1987        May 9, All 183 people aboard a Polish jetliner were killed when the plane, bound for New York, crashed and burned in Warsaw after the pilot attempted an emergency return.
    (AP, 5/9/97)

1987        May 10, President Reagan visited Tuskegee University, one of the nation's oldest black educational institutions, where he told graduating seniors his administration "won't be satisfied until every American who wants a job has a job and is earning a decent living."
    (AP, 5/10/97)

1987        May 11, In a medical first, doctors in Baltimore transplanted the heart and lungs of an auto accident victim to Clinton House who gave up his own heart to a 2nd recipient. House, the nation's first living heart donor, died 14 months later.
    (AP, 5/11/97)
1987        May 11, Former US National Security Adviser Robert C. McFarlane began testifying at the Iran-Contra hearings. 
    (AP, 5/11/97)
1987        May 11, The trial of former Gestapo official Klaus Barbie began in Lyons, France.
    (AP, 5/11/97)
1987        May 11, Legislative elections in the Philippines gave pro-Aquino candidates a large majority.

1987        May 12, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir rejected Foreign Minister Shimon Peres' proposal for an international Middle East peace conference, calling it "perverse and criminal." Peres angrily accused Shamir of arrogance.
    (AP, 10/12/97)

1987        May 13, President Reagan said his personal diary confirmed that he'd talked with Saudi Arabia's King Fahd about Saudi help for the Nicaraguan Contras at a time when Congress banned military aid, but Reagan said he did not solicit secret contributions.
    (AP, 5/13/97)
1987        May 13, The Fijian army under Col. Sitiveni Rabuka staged the 1st of two coups this and overthrew the country’s first Indian-dominated government. A 2nd coup followed on Sep 28. Sitiveni Rabuka later served as the prime minister (1992-1999). UN peacekeeping operations had caused a 10-ford increase in military size since independence in 1970.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.C12)(Econ, 4/24/04, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitiveni_Rabuka)(WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A6)

1987        May 14, The Commerce Department reported that the U.S. trade deficit had narrowed in March to $13.6 billion.
    (AP, 5/14/97)
1987        May 14, A Colt revolver, the Peacemaker of 1873, sold at auction for $242,000.
1987        May 14, Actress Rita Hayworth died in New York at age 68. In 1983 James Hill (d.2001), producer and former husband (1958-1961), authored "Rita Hayworth: A Memoir."
    (AP, 5/14/97)(SFC, 1/16/01, p.C4)

1987        May 15, President Reagan told a gathering of out-of-town reporters at the White House he did not consider himself "mortally wounded" by the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 5/15/97)
1987        May 15, The Soviet space booster Energia took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan carrying a black container labeled Polyus with the Skif-DM inside. The Skif-DM was a model a future weapon. Energia performed flawlessly, but the Polyus, which was supposed to fire engines to reach a higher orbit, shot back down to Earth and into the Pacific Ocean. The Skif project came to a halt and Pres. Gorbachev did not renew it.
    (SSFC, 9/27/09, p.A24)

1987        May 16, Kentucky Derby winner Alysheba captured the Preakness Stakes in Baltimore. Alysheba fell short in the Belmont Stakes, failing to become the first Triple Crown champion since Affirmed.
    (AP, 5/16/97)
1987        May 16, "Bobro 400," a barge carrying 3,200 tons of garbage, set sail from NY, beginning an unsuccessful 8-week search for a dumping site.

1987        May 17, An Iraqi warplane attacked the US Navy frigate Stark in the Persian Gulf and 37 American sailors were killed. Iraq and the United States called the attack a mistake.
    (NG, 5/88, p.653)(AP, 5/17/97)(HN, 5/17/98)
1987        May 17, Gunnar Myrdal (b.1898), Swedish economist (Nobel 1974), died.

1987        May 18, Sen. Paul Simon of Illinois entered the Democratic presidential race.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1987        May 19, President Reagan defended America's presence in the Persian Gulf, two days after 37 American sailors were killed when an Iraqi warplane attacked the U.S. frigate Stark.
    (AP, 5/19/97)

1987        May 20, Captain Glenn Brindel, commander of the US frigate Stark, broke his silence regarding the May 17 loss of 37 sailors in an Iraqi missile attack. Brindel said he was warned only seconds before missiles struck, and that he'd had no time to activate the ship's defense system.
    (AP, 5/20/97)

1987        May 21, In the wake of the Iraqi attack on the U.S. frigate Stark that claimed 37 lives, the Senate approved a proposal requiring President Reagan to send Congress a report detailing the threat to U.S. ships in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 5/21/97)
1987        May 21, The TV series “The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd" starred Blair Brown as a divorced woman living in NYC. The show continued to 1991.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.44)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0092336/releaseinfo)

1987        May 22, A deadly tornado devastated the small West Texas town of Saragosa, killing 30 people and injuring 162. The storm destroyed 61 houses and leveled the community center and church.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1987        May 23, Rescue workers and survivors searched through the rubble of a killer tornado in Saragosa, Texas, that had claimed 30 lives. Texas Gov. Bill Clements expressed his sorrow, and pledged all possible help.
    (AP, 5/23/97)

1987        May 24, An estimated quarter-million people crowded onto San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge to celebrate the structure's 50th birthday a few days before the actual anniversary.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A21)(AP, 5/24/97)

1987        May 25, A jury in New York acquitted former Labor Secretary Raymond J. Donovan and seven other construction executives of fraud and grand larceny.
    (AP, 5/25/97)

1987        May 26, The US Supreme Court ruled that "dangerous defendants" can be held without bail.
1987        May 26, Former PTL leader Jim Bakker told ABC's "Nightline" he had made a "terrible mistake" in turning control of the ministry over to the Rev. Jerry Falwell. He accused Falwell of misleading him.
    (AP, 5/26/97)
1987        May 26, Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (b.1913), physician and philanthropist, died. He donated a large collection of Asian art housed in the National Museum Sackler Gallery, which adjoins the Freer in Washington DC.
    (WSJ, 11/6/98, p.W10)(www.britannica.com/eb/article-9001219)
1987        May 26, Sri Lanka launched Operation Liberation, an offensive against the Tamil rebellion in Jaffra. It ended May 31 with over 1,000 deaths and 2,000 arrests in Vadamaradchy.

1987        May 27, The Rev. Jerry Falwell, responding to comments by Jim Bakker, denied hoodwinking Bakker into giving up control of the PTL ministry.
    (AP, 5/27/97)

1987        May 28, Mathias Rust, a 19-year-old West German pilot, stunned the world as he landed a private plane in Moscow's Red Square after evading Soviet air defenses.
    (AP, 5/28/97)
1987        May 28, Charles Ludlum (b.1943), actor and playwright, died. His work included "The Mystery of Irma Vep: A Penny Dreadful" (1984).
    (WSJ, 10/13/98, p.A20)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0524893/)

1987        May 29, A jury in Los Angeles found "Twilight Zone" movie director John Landis and four associates innocent of involuntary manslaughter in the movie-set deaths of actor Vic Morrow and two children.
    (AP, 5/29/97)

1987        May 30, North American Philips Company unveiled compact disc video.
1987        May 30, Turk Murphy (b.1915), San Francisco-based trombone player and jazz singer, died of bone cancer in San Francisco.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turk_Murphy)(SSFC, 1/27/19, p.A2)
1987        May 30, A Beastie Boy concert in Liverpool, England, turned into a riot. Adam Horowitz was charged with assaulting a fan.
1987        May 30, Soviet Defense Minister Sergei L. Sokolov and the chief of Soviet air defenses were fired, two days after West German pilot Mathias Rust entered Soviet airspace in a small plane and flew all the way to Moscow's Red Square.
    (AP, 5/30/97)

1987        May 31, Addressing AIDS research supporters in Washington, D.C., President Reagan called "for urgency, not panic," but drew scattered boos when he announced he would seek expanded testing for the disease.
    (AP, 5/31/97)

1987        Jun 1, The 20th anniversary of the release of "Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" was marked by the release of the CD in the U.K.
1987        Jun 1, Vice President George Bush addressed the Third International Conference on AIDS in Washington, and, like President Reagan before him, drew scattered boos by calling for more widespread testing for possible carriers of the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 6/1/97)
1987        Jun 1, In Lebanon PM Rachid Karami was killed by a remote controlled bomb that blew up his helicopter off the Lebanese coast. In 1996 former Christian faction leader Samir Geagea was charged for the murder. In 2005 lawmakers approved motions to pardon Geagea.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.A9)(www.tripoli-lebanon.com/rachid-karami.html)

1987        Jun 2, President Reagan announced he was nominating economist Alan Greenspan to succeed Paul Volcker as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.
    (AP, 6/2/97)
1987        Jun 2, Georges Doriot (b.1899), a French-born Harvard professor, died in Boston. In 1946 he took public his American Research & Development (ARD) company. In 2008 Spencer E. Ante authored “Creative Capital: Georges Doriot and the Birth of Venture Capital."
    (WSJ, 5/21/08, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Doriot)
1987        Jun 2, Sammy Kaye (b.1910), orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show), died of cancer in New Jersey.

1987        Jun 3, President Reagan arrived in Italy to prepare for a summit of major industrialized democracies, the 13th such gathering of world leaders.
    (AP, 6/3/97)
1987        Jun 3, Patricia Lopez (9) disappeared after leaving school in Santa Ana, Ca. Her body was found 2 days later bludgeoned to death in a feeder tunnel of the Santa Ana riverbed. In 2007 DNA evidence identified her brother, Rosendo Lopez (42), as the murderer.
    (SFC, 10/16/07, p.D12)
1987        Jun 3, Andres Segovia (b.1893), Spanish classical guitarist, died in Madrid.
    (WSJ, 8/7/00, p.A6)(www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Andr%E9s_Segovia)

1987        Jun 4, The US congressional Iran-Contra committees voted to grant limited immunity to former National Security Council aide Oliver L. North, following an appeal by independent counsel Lawrence E. Walsh to reject immunity.
    (AP, 6/4/97)

1987        Jun 5, President Reagan, in Venice for an upcoming economic summit, called for an end to government agriculture subsidies by the year 2000 in a televised address carried in Europe by the United States Information Agency.
    (AP, 6/5/97)

1987        Jun 6, President Reagan met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.
    (AP, 6/6/97)
1987        Jun 6, Alysheba, winner of the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness, placed fourth at the Belmont Stakes, losing to Bet Twice.
    (AP, 6/6/97)

1987        Jun 7, "Les Miserables" dominated Broadway's Tony Awards, taking eight prizes, including best musical. "Fences," by August Wilson, was named best play.
    (AP, 6/7/97)

1987        Jun 8, Fawn Hall began testifying at the Iran-Contra hearings, describing how, as secretary to National Security aide Oliver L. North, she helped to shred some documents and spirit away others.
    (AP, 6/8/97)

1987        Jun 9, In a second day of testimony before the Iran-Contra congressional committees, secretary Fawn Hall said she had spirited secret documents from the White House because she feared they would fall into the wrong hands.
    (AP, 6/9/97)
1987        Jun 9, Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. of Delaware announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 6/9/97)
1987        Jun 9, Near Denver, Colorado, lightning struck the so-called Tire Mountain and ignited a fire that burned some 2 million of the 6 million tires stored there.
    (SFC, 6/9/09, p.D8)(http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/siteindex/1987-6/)

1987        Jun 10, The leaders of seven major industrial nations ended a three-day summit in Venice, proposing no new major economic initiatives, but calling for closer coordination of their economies and a stabilizing of foreign currency rates.
    (AP, 6/10/97)
1987        Jun 10, In California the Nuremberg Actions protest over US arms shipments to Central America began at the Concord Naval Weapons Station.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A19)

1987        Jun 11, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office as her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(HN, 6/11/98)

1987        Jun 12, President Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev at the Brandenburg Gate: "Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall."
    (AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 10/18/02, p.AW17)

1987        Jun 13, The last regularly scheduled episode of "A Prairie Home Companion," starring humorist Garrison Keillor, was broadcast from the old World Theater in St. Paul, Minn.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1987        Jun 14, The Los Angeles Lakers won the National Basketball Association title with a 106-93 home-court victory over the defending champion Boston Celtics.
    (AP, 6/14/97)
1987        Jun 14, In West Germany Willy Brandt (1913-1992) made his farewell speech as chairman of the SPD.

1987        Jun 15, The Supreme Court struck down a Maryland law allowing use of "victim impact statements" at sentencing hearings of a capital case.
    (AP 6/15/97)

1987        Jun 16, NYC subway gunman Bernhard Goetz was acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting 4 black youths who tried to rob him [see Oct 20]. In 1996, a civil jury ordered Goetz to pay $43 million to one of the persons he'd shot.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q2px6)(AP, 6/16/07)

1987        Jun 17, Baseball manager Dick Howser, who'd led the Kansas City Royals to a World Series championship, died at age 51 after a yearlong struggle with brain cancer.
    (AP 6/17/97)
1987        Jun 17, Charles Glass, a journalist on leave from ABC News, was kidnapped in Lebanon. Glass escaped his captors in August 1987.
    (AP, 6/17/07)

1987        Jun 19, The US Supreme Court in Edwards vs. Aguilard (7-2) struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to also teach creationism science as well.
    (www.positiveatheism.org/writ/berra.htm)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.31)
1987        Jun 19, Vermont’s Ben & Jerry Ice Cream & Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia.
1987        Jun 19, In Spain a bombing killed 21 people and injured 45. In 2003 two top members of the outlawed Basque separatist group ETA were sentenced to 790 years in prison. The Hipercor bombing was a car bomb attack by the Basque separatist organisation ETA at the Hipercor shopping centre on Avinguda Meridiana, Barcelona, Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_Hipercor_bombing)(AP, 7/26/03)

1987        Jun 20, Tens of thousands of riot police in South Korea clashed with demonstrators who protested against Pres. Chun Doo Hwan.
    (AP 6/20/97)(SFC, 7/22/97, p.A8)

1987        Jun 21, Violence continued in South Korea, where riot police broke up protests in the cities of Seoul and Pusan for a second day.
    (AP 6/21/97)

1987        Jun 22, Fred Astaire (b.1899), Hollywood dancer, died at a Los Angeles hospital. His elegance and fancy footwork graced more than 30 films. A 1984 biography by Bob Thomas was titled: "Astaire: The man, The Dancer." In 2008 Joseph Epstein authored “Fred Astaire." In 2009 Peter J. Levinson authored “Puttin’ on the Ritz."
    (AP 6/22/97)(SFC, 8/25/97, p.E3)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.100)(WSJ, 4/4/09, p.W8)

1987        Jun 23, The Iran-Contra hearings resumed with testimony from former CIA employee Glenn A. Robinette, who said he'd installed a $14,000 security system at the home of Lt. Col. Oliver North, then helped make it appear that North had paid for the work.
    (AP 6/23/97)

1987        Jun 24, Jackie Gleason (b.1916), comedian-actor (The Hustler) died of cancer at his home in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
    (AP 6/24/97)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0001276/)

1987        Jun 25, Pope John Paul II received Austrian President Kurt Waldheim at the Vatican, a meeting fraught with controversy because of allegations that Waldheim had hidden a Nazi past. 
    (AP 6/25/97)

1987        Jun 26, US Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr. announced his retirement, leaving a vacancy that was filled by Anthony M. Kennedy.
    (AP 6/26/97)

1987        Jun 27, The White House announced that a final analysis of two polyps removed from President Reagan's colon showed they were benign.
    (AP 6/27/97)

1987        Jun 28, US Secretary of State George P. Shultz said he had found some of the recent revelations about the Iran-Contra affair "sickening," but defended the Reagan administration's foreign policy.
    (AP 6/28/97)

1987        Jun 29, Vincent Van Gogh's "Le Pont de Trinquetaille" brought in $20.6 million at an auction in London, England.
1987        Jun 29, Elizabeth Cotton (1895-1987), American blues singer, died in Syracuse, NY. She composed “Freight Train" in the early 1900s when she saw a train pass by her house on Lloyd Street in Carrboro, North Carolina. The song was copyrighted in 1957. The first recording of the song was made by Mike Seeger in 1957–1958, at Elizabeth’s home in Washington, D.C.
1987        Jun 29, In a surprise move, the chairman of South Korea's ruling party, Roh Tae-woo, demanded democratic reforms of the man he was groomed to succeed, President Chun Doo-hwan, following weeks of violent protests that had racked the country. Chun agreed two days later.
    (AP, 6/29/97)

1987        Jun 30, In Minnesota Anita Ann Carlson (22), a recent Bemidji State University graduate, disappeared while working a night shift at the Pete's Place South convenience store in Bemidji. Carlson's body was found on July 5 just two miles northwest of Pete's Place South. The search for Carlson's killer remained underway 34 years later.
    (Tribune Publ., 3/30/21)
1987        Jun 30, Canada introduced a one dollar coin that was soon nicknamed the Loonie.
    (WSJ, 11/6/97, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loonie)
1987        Jun 30, The prosecutor at the trial of Klaus Barbie in Lyon, France, denounced the crimes of the former Nazi Gestapo official and demanded the maximum sentence of life in prison. Barbie died in 1991 at age 77.
    (AP 6/30/97)

1987        Jun, In southern California Pierre Romain was shot in the arm by Jade Clark as Romain attempted to carjack Clark’s car outside a Hollywood nightclub. Clark was shot and killed by Romain. In 2017 DNA evidence linked Romain to the murder.
    (SFC, 8/12/17, p.A6)
1987        Jun, In Missouri the body of Karla Jane Delcour (22) was found along an Interstate 44 service road. The crime had taken place at a home in Union, about 50 miles west of St. Louis. In 2019 Missouri police arrested Kirby King (64) and charged him with second-degree murder.
    (AP, 12/27/19)
1987        Jun, Prominent politicians in Argentina received a letter with a message that robbers had made off with the hands of General Juan Peron, deceased since 1974, and demanded $8 million for their return. No deal was made and numerous people related to the investigation died in strange circumstances.
    (WSJ, 4/6/95, p.A-1, A-5)
1987        Jun, A huge forest fire in China that began in May destroyed more than 3.7 million hectares of trees in Manchuria. This forced Chinese officials to open up commercial logging and consequently caused pressure on the Manchurian tiger. In the Black Dragon Fire 20 million acres of forest land along the Heilongjang River, which separates China from Russia, were burned. In 1989 Harrison E. Salisbury authored “Great Black Dragon Fire: A Chinese Inferno."
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.287)(http://tinyurl.com/jfvom)
1987        Jun, Pakistan sentenced Gopal Das, an Indian man, to life in prison for alleged spying. In 2011 PM Zardari remitted Gopal Das' prison sentence on humanitarian grounds in response to an unusual appeal by the Indian Supreme Court.
    (AP, 3/27/11)
1987        Jun, In South Korea millions flooded the streets of Seoul and other big cities to protest over the death of a student at the hands of torturers under Chun Doo-hwan (b.1931).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chun_Doo-hwan)(Econ 5/6/17, p.35)

1987        Jul 1, President Reagan nominated federal appeals court judge Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court, setting off a tempestuous confirmation process that ended with Bork's rejection in October by the Senate.
    (AP, 7/1/97)

1987        Jul 2, 18 illegal immigrants were found dead inside a locked boxcar near Sierra Blanca, Texas, in what authorities called a botched smuggling attempt; a 19th man survived.
    (AP 7/2/97)
1987        Jul 2, Michael Bennett (b.1943), Chorus Line director, died of AIDS in Tucson, Az.
1987        Jul 2, Karl Linnas, accused Nazi, died of heart failure in Leningrad Russia. In 1962 he was convicted in Estonia of being a Nazi war criminal and sentenced to death in absentia.

1987        Jul 3, Two men became the first hot-air balloon travelers to cross the Atlantic. British millionaire Richard Branson and Swedish-born Per Lindstrand, the balloon's designer, were forced to jump into the sea as their craft went down off the coast of Scotland.
    (AP 7/3/97)

1987        Jul 4, Bill Graham took Santana, the Doobie Brothers and Bonny Rait to Moscow for an American-Soviet peace concert.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A15)
1987        Jul 4, Martina Navratilova won her eighth Wimbledon singles title as she defeated Steffi Graf.
    (AP 7/4/97)
1987        Jul 4, Klaus Barbie, the former Gestapo chief known as the "Butcher of Lyon," was convicted by a French court of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life in prison; he died in September 1991.
    (AP 7/4/97)

1987        Jul 5, Pat Cash of Australia defeated Ivan Lendl in straight sets to win the Wimbledon men's singles final.
    (AP 7/5/97)

1987        Jul 6, The first of three massacres by Sikh extremists over two days took place in India as gunmen attacked a bus with Hindu passengers. Seventy-two people were killed in the attacks in Punjab and Haryana.
    (AP 7/6/97)

1987        Jul 7, Lt. Col. Oliver North began his long-awaited public testimony at the Iran-Contra hearing, telling Congress that he had "never carried out a single act, not one," without authorization.
    (AP 7/7/97)

1987        Jul 8, Lt. Col. Oliver North became a daytime TV star as the Iran-Contra hearings were televised throughout the US. Under questioning by committee counsel John Nields, North said the issue of his security system was first broached immediately after a threat by Abu Nidal.
1987        Jul 8, Kitty Dukakis, wife of Massachusetts governor and Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis, revealed she'd been addicted to amphetamines for 26 years but had sought help and was drug-free. She later admitted to dependence on alcohol, and entered a recovery program.
    (AP 7/8/97)
1987        Jul 8, Kiwanis Clubs voted to admit women and ended its men-only tradition.

1987        Jul 9, In his third day of testimony on Capitol Hill, Lt. Col. Oliver North said he had shredded evidence as part of a planned cover-up of his role in the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP 7/9/97)

1987        Jul 10, Lt. Col. Oliver North told the Iran-Contra committees that the late CIA director William J. Casey had embraced a fund created by arms sales to Iran because it could be used for secret operations other than supplying the Contras.
    (AP 7/10/97)
1987        Jul 10, In South Korea Chun Doo-hwan resigned as head of the Democratic Justice Party, remaining its Honorary Chairman but giving official political party control for the upcoming election to Roh.

1987        Jul 11, Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke won a third consecutive term, becoming the first Labor Party leader in the country's history to be elected to three straight terms in office.
    (AP 7/11/97)

1987        Jul 12, For the first time in 20 years, a delegation of Soviet diplomats arrived in Israel for what was described as a "technical mission" to document Soviet citizens and make an inventory of Soviet property.
    (AP 7/12/97)

1987        Jul 13, Jury selection began in Washington for the perjury trial of President Reagan's former aide and longtime confidant, Michael K. Deaver. Deaver was later convicted of lying under oath about his lobbying business; he was fined $100,000 and ordered to perform community service.
    (AP 7/13/97)

1987        Jul 14, The National League took 13 innings to defeat the American League, 2-0, in the 58th All-Star Game in Oakland, Calif.
    (AP 7/14/97)
1987        Jul 14, Lt. Col. Oliver North concluded six days of testimony before the Iran-Contra committees.
    (AP 7/14/97)
1987        Jul 14, Greyhound Bus bought Trailways Bus for $80 million.

1987        Jul 15, Former National Security Adviser John Poindexter testified at the Iran-Contra hearings that he had never told President Reagan about using Iranian arms sales money for the Contras in order to protect the president from possible political embarrassment.
    (AP 7/15/97)
1987        Jul 15, Izzatullah Wasifi (29) was arrested at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for selling 650 grams (23 ounces) of heroin. Prosecutors said the drugs were worth $2 million on the street. Wasifi served three years and eight months in prison before winning parole. In 2007 Wasifi, a long time friend of Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai, was appointed as general-director of Afghanistan’s General Independent Administration of Anti-Corruption and Bribery.
    (AP, 3/9/07)
1987        Jul 15, In South Africa Ashley Kriel, an anti-apartheid activist was killed. Police officer Jeffrey Benzien later confessed to the killing and was absolved by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in 1999.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.B12)(www.doj.gov.za/trc/decisions/1999/99_benzien.html)
1987        Jul 15, Taiwan Pres. Chiang Ching-Kuo, son of Chiang Kai-Shek, ended 37 years of martial law.  Official records state later showed that around 140,000 people were tried by military courts from 1949 to 1975 under Chiang's nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) government and as many as 8,000 executed.
    (www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website/5-gp/rights/politics_01.htm)(SFC, 6/9/97, p.A8)(SFC, 6/10/97, p.A8)(AFP, 10/5/18)

1987        Jul 16, Former White House political director Lyn Nofziger was charged with violating federal ethics laws in a six-count indictment. His convictions on three counts of illegally lobbying White House officials were overturned by a federal appeals court.
    (AP 7/16/97)

1987        Jul 17, The 1937 Walt Disney movie, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", was re-released in the US.
1987        Jul 17, 10 teen-agers were killed when raging floodwaters from the Guadalupe River near Comfort, Texas, swept away a church bus and van holding 43 people.
    (AP 7/17/97)

1987        Jul 18, President Reagan used his weekly radio address to call on Congress to give more aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
    (AP 7/18/97)
1987        Jul 18, Molly Yard was elected the new president of the National Organization for Women, succeeding Eleanor Smeal.
    (AP 7/18/97)

1987        Jul 20, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to approve a U.S.-sponsored resolution demanding an end to the Persian Gulf war between Iraq and Iran, a move supported by Iraq and dismissed by Iran.
    (AP 7/20/97)

1987        Jul 21, Defying a threatened veto by President Reagan, the Senate approved a trade bill containing a provision requiring companies to give 60 days' notice to employees of impending plant closings and large-scale layoffs. Reagan vetoed the bill, but ended up allowing a separate plant-closing notice measure to become law.
    (AP 7/21/97)

1987        Jul 21, The United States began its policy of escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers up and down the Persian Gulf to protect them from possible attack by Iran.
    (AP 7/22/97)(The National Interest, 9/1/19)

1987        Jul 23, Hussein Hariri (21), a Lebanese hijacker, commandeered an Air Afrique DC-10 flying from Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, to Paris. He was captured during a refueling stop in Geneva and was sentenced to life in prison for killing a passenger and seriously wounding a flight attendant. In 2004 he was released and deported to Lebanon.
    (AP, 10/17/04)

1987        Jul 24, The re-flagged Kuwaiti supertanker Bridgeton was damaged after hitting a mine in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP 7/24/97)
1987        Jul 24,    Hulda Crooks, a 91-year-old mountaineer from California, became the oldest woman to conquer Mount Fuji, Japan's highest peak.
    (AP 7/24/97)
1987        Jul 24, Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran arrived in India to sign a peace agreement with the Sri Lankan government. Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi brokered the agreement with Sri Lanka delivering autonomy to Tamil areas in exchange for an end to the war. The peace agreement was signed by Junius Richard Jayewardene, president of Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)

1987        Jul 25, US Commerce Secretary Malcolm Baldrige died of internal injuries he sustained while participating in a rodeo. He was succeeded by C. William Verity.
    (AP 7/25/97)
1987        Jul 25, The USSR launched Kosmos 1870, a 15-ton Earth-study satellite.

1987        Jul 26, US Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger said the Navy's anti-mine capabilities would be improved in the Persian Gulf in the wake of a mine explosion that damaged the tanker Bridgeton.
    (AP 7/26/97)

1987        Jul 27, Retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk, accused of being the sadistic Nazi guard known as "Ivan the Terrible," testified at his trial in Jerusalem that he was not "the hangman you're after." His subsequent conviction was overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court.
    (AP 7/27/97)
1987        Jul 27, In Warwick, RI, Craig Price (13) crept across his neighbor's yard, broke into a little brown house on Inez Avenue and stabbed Rebecca Spencer 58 times. She was a 27-year-old mother of two. On Sep 1, 1989, he butchered Joan Heaton (39) with kitchen knives she had bought earlier that day. The bodies of her daughters, Jennifer 10, and Melissa 8, were found in pools of blood, pieces of knives broken off in their bones; Jennifer had been stabbed 62 times. Price was scheduled to be released in 1994 but was sentenced to 15 years, seven to serve and eight suspended, following contempt charges and belligerent statements. Fights in prison added more time to his sentence. As of 2007 Price's scheduled release date was February 2022. He will be 48.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(www.projo.com/extra/2004/craigprice/content/timeline.htm)

1987        Jul 28, Attorney General Edwin Meese told the congressional Iran-Contra committees that President Reagan was "quite surprised" the previous November when Meese told him about the diversion of Iran arms-sales profits for use by the Contra rebels.
    (AP 7/28/97)
1987        Jul 28, James Burnham (b.1905), American author and philosopher, died at his home in Connecticut. His books included The Managerial Revolution" (1941) and “The Coming Defeat of Communism" (1949). In 2002 Daniel Kelly authored "James Burnham and the Struggle for the World: A Life."
    (WSJ, 7/16/02, p.D6)(http://tinyurl.com/mca87)
1987        Jul 28, Klaus Schelkle (20) was killed and his girlfriend Bettina Taxis (22) severely injured in a brutal attack while they were sleeping on the outer deck of the Viking Sally, en route from Stockholm in Sweden to the Finnish port of Turku. Viking Sally was later sold to an Estonian shipping company and sailed under the name of M/S Estonia.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_Viking_Sally_murder)(AP, 6/30/21)

1987        Jul 29, Testifying for a second day before the Iran-Contra congressional committees, Attorney General Edwin Meese strongly defended his inquiry into the affair.
    (AP 7/29/97)

1987        Jul 30, Former White House Chief of Staff Donald T. Regan told the Iran-Contra congressional committees he had repeatedly urged President Reagan to break off arms sales to Iran.
    (AP, 7/30/97)
1987        Jul 30, Microsoft acquired Forethought, the developer of PowerPoint, for $14 million. Microsoft created its own version 3 years later. Robert Gaskins had engaged Dennis Austin to do the initial programming for PowerPoint 1.0 for Macs.
    (Wired, 12/98, p.196)(WSJ, 6/20/07, p.B1)
1987        Jul 30, Some 50,000 Indian troops arrived in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, to disarm the Tamil Tigers and enforce a peace pact. After a time they began fighting the Tigers and in 1990 the government asked them to leave.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.40)

1987        Jul 31, Iranian pilgrims and riot police clashed in the Muslim holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi government blamed Iranians for the resulting 402 deaths.
    (AP, 7/31/97)(AP, 2/1/04)

1987        Jul, The South Korean stock market hit a low.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.C2)

1987        Aug 1, Iranians attacked the Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti embassies in Tehran as word spread of rioting in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, a day earlier that claimed some 400 lives, most of them Iranian pilgrims.
    (AP, 8/1/97)

1987        Aug 2, More than a million people gathered in Tehran, calling for the overthrow of the sheiks of Saudi Arabia, where hundreds of Iranian pilgrims had died in rioting in the Muslim holy city of Mecca.
    (AP, 8/2/97)

1987        Aug 3, The Iran-Contra congressional hearings ended, with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
    (AP, 8/3/97)

1987        Aug 4, The Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 to rescind the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues. The US Supreme Court had ruled it constitutional in 1969.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)
1987        Aug 4, Carlina White (19 days) was abducted from a Harlem hospital. In 2011 Ann Pettway of North Carolina surrendered to authorities days after White (23), raised as Nejdra Nance, re-united with her biological mother Joy White.
1987        Aug 4, Jesse Unruh (b.1922), Democrat and the 54th speaker of the California state Assembly (1961-1969), died while serving as California state treasurer (1975-1987). In 2007 Bill Boyarsky authored “Big Daddy: Jesse Unruh and the Art of Power Politics."
    (SSFC, 11/11/07, p.M1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Unruh)

1987        Aug 5, President Reagan announced his administration had reached a "general agreement" with leaders of Congress on a new Central America peace plan. Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega offered to discuss the U.S. proposal.
    (AP, 8/5/97)
1987        Aug 5, In Sri Lanka Tamil Tigers began to surrender their weapons to the Indian army, but later changed course and began to fight the Indians. Official Indian government aid to the rebels was cutoff but the southern Tamil Nadu state and rightist Hindu factions of the Indian army continued helping the rebels.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1987        Aug 6, President Reagan's new Central America peace initiative ran into problems as the United States and Nicaragua openly disagreed on procedures for a negotiated settlement.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1987        Aug 7, Lynne Cox became the 1st to swim from US to Russia across the Bering Strait.
1987        Aug 7, The presidents of 5 Central American nations, meeting in Guatemala City, signed an 11-point agreement designed to bring peace to their region.
    (AP, 8/7/97)

1987        Aug 8, In the Persian Gulf, a Navy F-14 "Tomcat" fighter fired two missiles at an Iranian jet approaching an unarmed U.S. scout plane. Both missiles missed their target and the Iranian plane flew off.
    (AP, 8/8/97)

1987        Aug 9, Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh, vowing to investigate the Iran-Contra affair "vigorously but fairly," told a meeting of the American Bar Association in San Francisco that he would not be deterred by the "popularity of persons involved."
    (AP, 8/9/97)
1987        Aug 9, In Worcester, Mass., Audrey Santo (3) fell into a backyard swimming pool and was left inert and bedridden. Later Masses were celebrated at her home and pilgrims began visiting her and claimed to be cured of illnesses.
    (SFEC, 8/28/98, p.A8)(www.nndb.com/people/159/000026081/)

1987        Aug 10, President Reagan said he would nominate C. William Verity Jr., a retired steel company executive, to replace the late Malcolm Baldrige as commerce secretary.
    (AP, 8/10/97)
1987        Aug 10, In San Francisco 4 women began training and took the oath of office as rookie firefighters. They were the first women in the history of the department with roots to 1850.
    (SSFC, 8/12/12, DB p.42)
1987        Aug 10, Iorwith Wilbur Abel (b.1908), CEO of the United Steel Workers of America (1965-77), died. I.W. Abel had also served as vice-president of the AFL-CIO.

1987        Aug 11, Economist Alan Greenspan succeeded Paul Volcker as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board. Greenspan retired in 2006.
    (SSFC, 1/29/06, p.A9)
1987        Aug 11,  Britain and France ordered minesweepers to the Persian Gulf, but said they would not be used in combined operations with the United States as it escorted reflagged Kuwaiti ships.
    (AP, 8/11/97)
1987        Aug 11, A German hiker went missing on the Hohlaub Glacier, 10 km (6 miles) east of the famed Matterhorn. In 2017 the remains of the unidentified man were found after two hikers happened upon a hand and a pair of shoes sticking out of the Glacier.
    (AP, 8/2/17)

1987        Aug 12,  President Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair, saying his former national security adviser, John Poindexter, was wrong not to have told him about the diversion of Iran arms-sale money.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1987        Aug 13, A rented Piper Cherokee airplane flew close to President Reagan's helicopter in restricted airspace over Southern California; the pilot and passenger of the plane were arrested.
    (AP, 8/13/97)
1987        Aug 13, On the fifth anniversary of a bull market, the Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,691.49 after briefly surpassing 2,700.
    (AP, 8/13/97)

1987        Aug 14, The government reported that America's merchandise trade deficit had soared to $15.7 billion in June 1987.
    (AP, 8/14/97)

1987        Aug 15, Thousands of people marched past the grave of Elvis Presley in Memphis, Tenn., as they began an all-night vigil marking the 10th anniversary of his death.
    (AP, 8/15/97)

1987        Aug 16, Thousands of people worldwide began a two-day celebration of the "harmonic convergence," which heralded what believers called the start of a new, purer age of humankind. Nearly 5,000 people gathered at Mount Shasta, Ca., for the Harmonic Convergence aimed at bringing about world peace.
    (AP, 8/16/97)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.C5)
1987        Aug 16, In Michigan 156 people were killed when Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed while trying to take off from a Detroit airport; the sole survivor was 4-year-old Cecelia Cichan. The MD-80 plane hit a freeway overpass in Romulus following takeoff.
    (AP, 8/16/97)(SFC, 11/13/01, p.A12)(AP, 5/15/13)
1987        Aug 16, Iraqi warplanes bombarded the northern Kurdish village of Balisan, dropping bombs that spread a smoke smelling "like rotten apples." Helicopters then came and bombed the mountains to prevent the villagers from taking refuge anywhere.
    (AP, 8/23/06)

1987        Aug 17, The DJIA closed above 2,700 for 1st time (2,700.57).
1987        Aug 17, Rudolf Hess, the last member of Adolf Hitler's inner circle, died at a Berlin hospital near Spandau Prison at age 93, having apparently committed suicide by strangling himself with an electrical cord. His family claims that he was murdered [see May 10, 1941].
    (AP, 8/17/97)(SFEC, 8/17/97, p.A4)

1987        Aug 18, American journalist Charles Glass escaped his kidnappers in Beirut after 62 days in captivity. Glass had been abducted June 17 with two Lebanese who were released after a week.
    (AP, 8/18/97)

1987        Aug 19, A third convoy of U.S. warships and reflagged Kuwaiti tankers slipped into the Persian Gulf before dawn and headed up the waterway behind a screen of mine-seeking helicopters.
    (AP, 8/19/97)
1987        Aug 19, In Britain Michael Ryan (27) shot 16 people dead in Hungerford, Berkshire. He wounded another 15 before turning the gun on himself.
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.63)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungerford_massacre)

1987        Aug 20, A federal appeals court in Washington, D.C., rejected Lt. Col. Oliver North's argument that the independent counsel investigating the Iran-Contra affair was operating under an invalid Justice Department regulation.
    (AP, 8/20/97)

1987        Aug 21, Sgt. Clayton Lonetree, the first Marine ever court-martialed for spying, was convicted in Quantico, Va., of passing secrets to the KGB after becoming romantically involved with a Soviet woman while serving as a U.S. Embassy guard in Moscow. Lonetree ended up serving eight years in a military prison, and was released in February 1996.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1987        Aug 22, The supertanker Bridgeton and three other reflagged Kuwaiti tankers left Kuwait under U.S. escort and safely cleared Persian Gulf waters where the Bridgeton had hit a mine the month before.
    (AP, 8/22/97)

1987        Aug 23, Seven Democratic presidential hopefuls traded gentle barbs at a debate in Des Moines, Iowa, with Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis repeatedly called upon to defend his claims of economic revival in his state.
    (AP, 8/23/97)
1987        Aug 23, Two teenagers in Alexander, Arkansas, Kevin Ives and Don Henry were run over by a train. Fahmy Malak, the medical examiner of Gov. Clinton, ruled the Aug 23 deaths of the teenagers as accidental. Malak was investigated and cleared of improprieties. Later investigations indicated that they were murdered prior to being run over.
    (WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A18)(WSJ, 4/18/96, p.A-18)

1987        Aug 24, A military jury in Quantico, Va., sentenced Marine Sgt. Clayton Lonetree to 30 years in prison for disclosing U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union. The sentence was later reduced; with additional time off for good behavior, Lonetree ended up serving eight years in a military prison.
    (AP, 8/24/97)
1987        Aug 24, Bayard Rustin (b.1912), gay civil rights activist, died of cardiac arrest. In 2003 a documentary of his life by Nancy Kates: "Brother Outsider: The Life of Bayard Rustin," was aired on PBS TV. He was the chief architect of the 1963 march on Washington. In 2003 John D'Emilio authored "Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin."
    (SFC, 1/16/03, p.E1)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M3)

1987        Aug 25, Dow Jones industrial stock avg. reached a record 2722.42.
1987        Aug 25, Saudi Arabia denounced Iran's government as a "group of terrorists," and said its forces would deal firmly with any Iranian attempts to attack the Saudis' Muslim holy places or vast oil fields.
    (AP, 8/25/97)

1987        Aug 26, The US stock market began a 2 month decline of 41%.
    {DJIA, USA}
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)(www.financialsense.com/Market/wood/2003/0905.htm)
1987        Aug 26, In an attempt to eliminate a superpower stumbling block, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl said his country would destroy its 72 Pershing 1A rockets if Washington and Moscow scrapped all their intermediate-range nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 8/26/97)

1987        Aug 27, In the Philippines members of the Reform the Armed Forces Movement, led by Colonel Gregorio Honasan, attempted to overthrow Pres. Corazon Aquino. Her son Benigno Aquino and four guards were ambushed as they rushed to the presidential palace. 3 guards were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986%E2%80%9390_Philippine_coup_attempts)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.36)
1987        Aug 27, A Soviet Foreign Ministry official said his country was studying a proposal by West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to dismantle his country's 72 aging Pershing 1A missiles if the superpowers destroyed all their intermediate-range weapons.
    (AP, 8/27/97)   

1987        Aug 28, A fire damaged the Arcadia, Fla., home of Ricky, Robert and Randy Ray, three hemophiliac brothers infected with the AIDS virus whose court-ordered school attendance sparked a local uproar. The Ray family soon moved to Sarasota, Fla.
    (AP, 8/28/97)
1987        Aug 28, John Huston, U.S. actor and film director, died at age 81 in Middletown, R.I. Among his best known films are "The Maltese Falcon,'' "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre'' and "The African Queen.''
    (AP, 8/28/97)(RTH, 8/28/99)

1987        Aug 29, Academy Award-winning actor Lee Marvin died in Tucson, Ariz., at age 63.
    (AP, 8/29/97)
1987        Aug 29, In London Palestinian cartoonist Naji al-Ali died after being shot in the right temple on July 22. He has been described as the greatest Palestinian cartoonist and probably the best-known cartoonist in the Arab world.
    (Econ 7/22/17, p.37)
1987        Aug 29, In South Korea 33 followers of a cult were found bound, gagged and murdered in a factory in Yongin. Authorities said the tourist souvenir factory was owned by Park Soon Ja (48), the cult leader who was called "Benevolent Mother" by her followers.
    (AP, 8/30/87)(Econ, 6/14/14, p.36)

1987        Aug 30, A redesigned space shuttle booster, created in the wake of the Challenger disaster, roared into life in its first full-scale test-firing near Brigham City, Utah.
    (AP, 8/30/97)

1987        Aug 31, The US Justice Department challenged the constitutionality of the 1978 Ethics in Government Act, which provided for the appointment of independent counsels. The Supreme Court upheld the law.
    (AP, 8/31/97)

1987        Aug, Howard Shultz and a group of investors bought Starbucks from Jerry Baldwin and merged it with Il Giornale coffee bars. The was the beginning of a rapid expansion. Baldwin kept Peet's Coffee and a proviso that Starbucks stay out of the Bay Area until 1992. In 2007 Taylor Clark authored “Starbucked: A Double Tall Tale of Caffeine, Commerce, and Culture."
    (SFEM, 8/1/99, p.8)(SSFC, 11/4/07, p.M1)
1987        Aug, Zong Qinghou (b.1945) founded beverage producer Wahaha (laughing child) in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. He was ranked as China's richest man in 2012 and second-richest in 2013.
1987        Aug, In central France the body of a girl (4), bearing the signs of horrific abuse including burns from an iron and human bite marks, was found in a ditch alongside the A10 motorway. It remained a cold case until the 2016 arrest of her brother in an assault probe that allowed police to identify her through DNA, leading in 2018 to the arrest of their parents.
    (AFP, 6/14/18)
1987        Aug, Mehdi Hashemi, Iranian aid of Ayatollah Khomeini, was tried for being “at enmity with God" and “corrupt on earth." Hashemi was sentenced to death and executed in September.
1987        Aug, Magomedali Magomedov (b.1930) became chairman of Dagestan’s State Council. Under his rule (1987-2006) the government was run as a family business and police served clan interests.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.44)(http://rulers.org/russdiv.html)
2007        Aug, The Swiss government extended a freeze on Duvalier's funds for a year. Many in Haiti considered the money to have been stolen from public funds before Duvalier was ousted.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1987        Sep 1, In California S. Brian Wilson (46), Vietnam veteran, had his legs sliced off when a munitions train at the Concord Naval Weapons Station ran him over during the Nuremberg Actions protest against weapons shipments to Central America.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A19)(AP, 9/1/97)
1987        Sep 1, After Jewish leaders met with the Pope at Castel Gandolfo it was announced that a document would be produced on the Holocaust. The document was made public Mar 16, 1998.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A24)

1987        Sep 2, West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Helsinki, Finland, to Moscow's Red Square, went on trial in the Soviet capital. Rust, who was convicted and given a four-year sentence, was released Aug. 3, 1988.
    (AP, 9/2/97)

1987        Sep 3, Morton Feldman, composer, died in Buffalo, NY. His work included a six hour String Quartet, "Why Patterns," "Triadic Memories," "Three Voices" and "Structures."
    (WSJ, 8/13/96, p.A9)(www.newalbion.com/artists/feldmanm/)
1987        Sep 3, A Soviet prosecutor accused West German pilot Mathias Rust of seeking "cheap popularity" by landing a private plane in Moscow's Red Square, and demanded that Rust be sentenced to eight years at hard labor. Rust was convicted, but freed the following August.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1987        Sep 4, A Soviet court convicted West German pilot Mathias Rust of charges stemming from his daring flight to Moscow's Red Square, and sentenced him to four years in a labor camp. He was released the following August.
    (AP, 9/4/97)

1987        Sep 5, In his weekly radio address, President Reagan urged American workers to shun protectionist legislation and "meet the competition head-on."
    (AP, 9/5/97)
1987        Sep 5, Some four-dozen people were killed in an Israeli air raid on targets near the southern Lebanese port town of Sidon.
    (AP, 9/5/97)

1987        Sep 6, Doctors at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore succeeded in separating 7-month-old Benjamin and Patrick Binder, twin brothers from Ulm, West Germany, who were joined at the head, after 22 hours of surgery.
    (AP, 9/6/97)

1987        Sep 7, The Rev. Jesse Jackson declared his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/7/97)
1987        Sep 7, Erich Honecker became the first East German head of state to visit West Germany as he arrived for a five-day visit.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1987        Sep 8, Former Democratic presidential candidate Gary Hart admitted during an interview on ABC's "Nightline" that he had committed adultery and said he had no plans to resume his White House bid.
    (AP, 9/8/97)

1987        Sep 8, Microsoft shipped its first CD ROM application, MS Bookshelf.
    (Wired, 12/98, p.196)

1987        Sep 9, Appearing before President Reagan's special commission on AIDS, Surgeon General C. Everett Koop denounced doctors and other health workers who refused to treat AIDS patients, calling them a "fearful and irrational minority."
    (AP, 9/9/97)
1987        Sep 9, A parked tank car containing butadiene ignited in the New Orleans area. A jury in 1997 awarded $3.4 billion in punitive damages to some 8,000 people who claimed to have suffered mental and physical injuries. Five companies were charged with CSX Transportation owing 2.5 bil.
    (SFC, 9/9/97, p.A10)

1987        Sep 10,  Pope John Paul II arrived in Miami, where he was welcomed by President and Mrs. Reagan, to begin a 10-day tour of the United States.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1987        Sep 11, The CBS TV network went black for six minutes after anchorman Dan Rather walked off the set of "The CBS Evening News" because a tennis tournament being carried by the network ran overtime. The tennis coverage had ended abruptly, catching Rather off guard.
    (AP, 9/11/97)
1987        Sep 11, Lorne Greene (b.1915), actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), died at 72.

1987        Sep 12, Reports surfaced that Democratic presidential candidate Joseph Biden had borrowed, without attribution, passages of a speech by British Labor Party leader Neil Kinnock for one of his own campaign speeches. The Kinnock report, along with other damaging revelations, prompted Biden to drop his White House bid.
    (AP, 9/12/97)

1987        Sep 13, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze arrived in Washington for talks aimed at a possible superpower summit; Shevardnadze carried with him a letter from Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to President Reagan.
    (AP, 9/13/97)

1987        Sep 14, Cal Ripken (b.1960), baseball star for the Baltimore Orioles, ended his streak of 8,243 consecutive innings (908 games).
1987        Sep 14, Transportation Secretary Elizabeth Dole resigned to devote herself to the presidential campaign of her husband, Senate Minority Leader Bob Dole.
    (AP, 9/14/97)
1987        Sep 14, The first e-mail from China was sent to an int’l. network and proclaimed: “Across the Great Wall we can reach every corner in the world."
    (Econ, 4/6/13, SR p.3)

1987        Sep 15, On the opening day of his confirmation hearing, US Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork told the Senate Judiciary Committee his philosophy was "neither liberal nor conservative."
    (AP, 9/15/97)

1987        Sep 16, Pope John Paul II visited San Francisco and drew the largest protests of his US tour as homosexuals, feminists and Jews protested outside Mission Dolores Basilica.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, DB p.46)
1987        Sep 16, In Canada an international convention met in Montreal and negotiators from 23 of the world’s major industrial nations signed a treaty to slow down global chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs) production in order to restore atmospheric ozone. One of its most important architects was Egyptian scientist Mostafa Tolba (1922-2016). The Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth's ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000, was amended in 1990 and 1992. In 1991 a fund was established to help developing countries meet their obligations By 2016 197 nations had signed the Montreal Protocol.
    (NOHY, W3/90, p.47)(SFC, 5/31/96, A1,17)(SFEC, 6/15/97, BR p.4)(AP, 9/16/97)(Econ, 4/2/15, p.78)(Econ, 9/24/16, p.58)

1987        Sep 17, The city of Philadelphia, birthplace of the U.S. Constitution, threw a big party to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the historic document.
    (AP, 9/17/97)

1987        Sep 18, US President Reagan announced that he and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would meet later in the year to sign a treaty banning medium and shorter-range nuclear missiles.
    (AP, 9/18/97)
1987        Sep 18, The movie "Fatal Attraction," starring Michael Douglas and Glenn Close, opened in US theaters.
    (AP, 9/18/07)
1987        Sep 18, In San Francisco Pope John Paul II ended his 21-hour visit to the city by celebrating Mass at Candlestick Park before some 70,000 people.
    (SSFC, 12/22/13, p.A14)

1987        Sep 19, Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork concluded 5 days of testimony before the US Senate Judiciary Committee, vowing that he would "interpret the law and not make it."
    (AP, 9/19/97)
1987        Sep 19, Philippine leftist opposition leader Leandro Alejandro (b.1960) was murdered.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, Z1 p.5)

1987        Sep 20, "Big River: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" closed at the Eugene O’Neill Theater in NYC after 1005 performances.
1987        Sep 20, The 39th Emmy Awards winners included: LA Law, Bruce Willis & Sharon Gless.
1987        Sep 20, Pope John Paul II concluded an 11-day visit to North America as he celebrated Mass for thousands of Indians at Fort Simpson in Canada's Northwest Territories.
    (AP, 9/20/97)

1987        Sep 21, NFL players went on strike at midnight mainly over the issue of free agency.
    (AP, 9/21/97)(http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/almanac/video/1987/)
1987        Sep 21, A U.S. helicopter gunship disabled an Iranian vessel, the "Iran Ajr," that was caught laying mines in the Persian Gulf; four Iranian crewmen were killed, 26 wounded and detained.
    (AP, 9/21/97)

1987        Sep 22, On Wall Street, the stock market surged higher. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 75.23 points (the largest one-day gain recorded to that time), closing at 2,568.05.
    (AP, 9/22/97)
1987        Sep 22, Dan Rowan, actor (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in), died at 65.

1987        Sep 23, Delaware Sen. Joseph Biden withdrew from the Democratic presidential race following questions about his use of borrowed quotations and the portrayal of his academic record.
    (AP, 9/23/97)
1987        Sep 23, Bob Fosse (b.1927), choreographer (All the Jazz), died at age 62.

1987        Sep 24, President Reagan rebuffed congressional calls to limit U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf, and defended the recent U.S. attack on an Iranian mine-laying vessel.
    (AP, 9/24/97)

1987        Sep 25, The US Senate unanimously approved the nomination of Judge William S. Sessions to be the new director of the FBI.
    (AP, 9/25/97)
1987        Sep 25, Mary Astor (b.1906), film star, died. She appeared in over 100 films, most of them in the silent movie era. In 1959 she authored her memoir “My Story."
    (WSJ, 2/21/09, p.W8)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0000802/)

1987        Sep 26, In his Saturday radio address, President Reagan said he was reluctantly signing legislation restoring the automatic deficit-reducing provisions of the Gramm-Rudman Act.
    (AP, 9/26/97)
1987        Sep 26, "Star Trek: The Next Generation," debuted on TV.

1987        Sep 27, Football fans suffered through their first Sunday without football since players went on strike. NFL owners soon organized games with replacement and nonstriking players.
    (AP, 9/27/97)

1987        Sep 28, US Rep. Patricia Schroeder, D-Colo., announced in Denver that she would not run for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 9/28/97)
1987        Sep 28, Mehdi Hashemi, Iranian aid of Ayatollah Khomeini, was shot for treason.

1987        Sep 29, Henry Ford II (b.1917) longtime chairman of Ford Motor Company, died in Detroit. He was the grandson of Ford founder Henry Ford and was named president of the car company in 1945. He introduced contemporary styling in 1949.
    (AP, 9/29/97)(www.thehenryford.org/exhibits/fmc/chrono.asp)

1987        Sep 30, Two top campaign aides to Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis resigned after one of them, campaign manager John Sasso, admitted leaking an attack videotape that helped bring down the presidential candidacy of Delaware Sen. Joseph Biden. Sasso returned to the campaign a year later.
    (AP, 9/30/97)

1987        Sep, In China Wang Ruoshui (1926-2002), a writer for the People’s Daily, was thrown out of the Communist Party. He went to Boston for an appointment at Harvard.
    (SFC, 1/11/02, p.A19)(www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&se=gglsc&d=98569754)

1987        Oct 1, Eight people were killed when an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale and an aftershock measuring 5.3 struck the Los Angeles area. In 1999 researchers reported that data revealed a new active fault system, christened the Punete Hills fault, under Los Angeles that probably caused the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake.
    (AP, 10/1/97)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.A7)

1987        Oct 2, On Capitol Hill, more Democratic senators lined up against Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork as President Reagan continued to lobby undecided lawmakers on behalf of his candidate for the high court.
    (AP, 10/2/97)
1987        Oct 2, Peter Brian Medawar, Brazilian-born English medical scientist, died.

1987        Oct 3, Negotiators for the United States and Canada reached agreement in Washington D.C., on a framework to eliminate all tariffs between the world's two largest trading partners.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1987        Oct 3, Jean Anouilh (77), French playwright (Ball of the Voleurs), died.

1987        Oct 4, National Football League owners staged their first games since the players union went on strike, with nonstriking and replacement personnel on the gridiron at sparsely attended stadiums.
    (AP, 10/4/97)

1987        Oct 5, Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork suffered new setbacks as Senate Democratic Leader Robert Byrd and Republican Sens. Lowell P. Weicker Jr. of Connecticut and John H. Chafee of Rhode Island declared they were opposed to his confirmation.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1987        Oct 6, The Senate Judiciary Committee voted 9 to 5 against the nomination of Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court, and both supporters and opponents predicted rejection by the full Senate.
    (AP, 10/6/97)
1987        Oct 6, Microsoft announced its first Windows application, Excel.
    (Wired, 12/98, p.196)
1987        Oct 6, In Oklahoma Michael Houghton (27) and Laura Lee Sanders (22) were kidnapped from behind a Tulsa bar, stuffed into a car trunk and taken to a rural area where the car was set afire. Scott Allen Hain was executed for the murders on Apr 3, 2003. Hain was 17 in 1987 and claimed to be under the influence of Robert Lambert.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A6)

1987        Oct 7, President Reagan's advisory commission on AIDS was left seemingly in disarray as its chairman, Dr. W. Eugene Mayberry, and its vice chairman, Dr. Woodrow A. Myers Jr., resigned.
    (AP, 10/7/97)
1987        Oct 7, In San Francisco eleven 49ers, including Joe Montana and Dwight Clark, went back to work in the biggest breach of the 17-day-old NFL strike. Of nearly 1,600 players on strike, only 145 have gone back to work.
    (SSFC, 10/7/12, DB p.46)

1987        Oct 8, US helicopter gunships in the Persian Gulf sank three Iranian patrol boats after an American observation helicopter was fired on. Two of six Iranian crewmen taken from the water later died.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1987        Oct 9, Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork, his rejection by the Senate a virtual certainty, angrily told reporters he would not ask that his nomination be withdrawn.
    (AP, 10/9/97)
1987        Oct 9, Clare Boothe Luce (b.1903), former journalist, playwright and congresswoman, died in Washington DC. Her biography by Sylvia Jukes Morris, "Rage for Fame: The Ascent of Clare Boothe Luce," was published in 1997. In 2014 Sylvia Jukes Morris authored “Price of Fame: The Honorable Clare Boothe Luce."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clare_Boothe_Luce)(SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.4)(Econ, 7/19/14,p.73)

1987        Oct 10, The Rev. Jesse Jackson formally launched his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination in Raleigh, N.C.
    (AP, 10/10/97)

1987        Oct 11, Some 200,000 homosexual rights activists marched through Washington DC to demand protection from discrimination and more federal money for AIDS research and treatment. The AIDS Memorial Quilt had its inaugural presentation. In 2000 Cleve Jones and Jeff Dawson authored "Stitching a Revolution, The making of an AIDS Activist."
    (AP, 10/11/97)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.5)

1987        Oct 12, In Houston, Vice President George Bush formally launched his quest for the Republican presidential nomination.
    (AP, 10/12/97)
1987        Oct 12, Former Kansas Gov. Alfred "Alf" M. Landon, who ran for president against Franklin Roosevelt, died at his Topeka home at age 100.
    (AP, 10/12/97)

1987        Oct 13, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts on behalf of a Central American peace plan to end the war in Nicaragua.
    (AP, 10/13/97)(WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A19)

1987        Oct 14, A real-life drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center. Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(SFC, 5/14/99, p.A3)

1987        Oct 15, Lanford Wilson's "Burn This," premiered in NYC.
1987        Oct 15, Frantic efforts continued in Midland, Texas, to save 18-month-old Jessica McClure, who had fallen 22 feet down an abandoned well the day before. Jessica was freed the following evening.
    (AP, 10/15/97)
1987        Oct 15, In Burkina Faso Thomas Sankara (b.1949) was overthrown and assassinated with 12 comrades in a coup d'état led by the French-backed Blaise Compaoré (b.1951), who had trained in Gadhafi's guerrilla camps. Libya and Burkina Faso later denied repeated accusations of gunrunning to West Africa hot spots.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blaise_Compaor%C3%A9)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A10)(AP, 12/16/02)(AFP, 10/13/17)

1987        Oct 16, A 58 1/2-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well.
    (AP, 10/16/97)
1987        Oct 16, 175-kph winds caused a blackout in London and much of southern England. At least 13 people died.
1987        Oct 16, In the Persian Gulf, an Iranian missile hit a re-flagged Kuwaiti ship in the first direct attack on the tanker fleet guarded by the U.S.
    (AP, 10/16/97)

1987        Oct 17, The 1st indoor World Series game took place at the Minnesota Metrodome.
1987        Oct 17, First lady Nancy Reagan underwent a modified radical mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.
    (AP, 10/17/97)

1987        Oct 18, President Reagan summoned congressional leaders to the White House to announce he had decided on what action to take in response to an Iranian missile attack on a US-flagged tanker off Kuwait two days earlier. The next day, US destroyers bombarded an Iranian offshore oil rig.
    (AP, 10/18/97)

1987        Oct 19, US Navy warships disabled the 1st of 3 Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf in retaliation for an Iranian missile attack on a U.S.-flagged tanker off Kuwait. [see Apr 18, 1988]
    (AP, 10/19/97)(HN, 10/19/02)
1987        Oct 19, Black Monday, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, amid frenzied selling, plunged 508 points, 22.6%,-- its biggest-ever one-day decline. The crash was preceded by legislation to block tax deductions for debt incurred in corporate takeovers which were fueling the market. It was also preceded by plunges in other international markets. Hong Kong suffered a 46% decline in October.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.253)(TMC, 1994, p.1987)(AP, 10/19/97)(SFC,10/27/97, p.B2)
1987        Oct 19, Jacqueline du Pre (42), British cellist, died of multiple sclerosis.

1987        Oct 20, NYC subway gunman Bernhard Goetz was sentenced to 6 months in jail. [see Jan 13, 1989]
1987        Oct 20, Ten people were killed when an Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn hotel near Indianapolis International Airport after the pilot, who was trying to make an emergency landing, ejected safely.
    (AP, 10/20/97)

1987        Oct 21, Sometimes-acrimonious debate began in the Senate on the nomination of Judge Robert H. Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court. (Two days later, the Senate voted 58-42 to reject the nomination.)
    (AP, 10/21/97)

1987        Oct 22, Nobel prize for literature was awarded to Joseph Brodsky (1940-1996). At an interview in the Stockholm airport, to a question: "You are an American citizen who is receiving the Prize for Russian-language poetry. Who are you, an American or a Russian?" He responded: "I am Jewish".
1987        Oct 22, In a bid to calm the recent frenzy in the world's financial markets, President Reagan said he would be meeting with congressional leaders to negotiate ways of reducing the budget deficit.
    (AP, 10/22/97)
1987        Oct 22, The US Navy acknowledged that it had deployed 5 dolphins to the Persian Gulf to search for Iranian mines.

1987        Oct 23, The U.S. Senate rejected, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.
    (AP, 10/23/97)

1987        Oct 24, The Teamsters union was welcomed back into the AFL-CIO by a vote of the labor federation's executive council in Miami Beach, Fla. The union had been expelled from the AFL-CIO in December, 1957, because of racketeering by its executives, including union president Dave Beck and vice president James R. Hoffa. However, the Teamsters disaffiliated themselves from the AFL-CIO in 2005.
    (AP, 10/24/97)(HNQ, 1/8/99)(AP, 10/24/07)
1987        Oct 24, NBC technicians accepted a pact and ended a 118 day strike.

1987        Oct 25, The Minnesota Twins won their first World Series championship, beating the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 in game seven.
    (AP, 10/25/97)
1987        Oct 25, In China Deng Xiaoping stepped down from all but the top military post.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)

1987        Oct 26, The DJIA dropped 8%. In Miami, an investor who had suffered heavy stock market losses shot and killed a brokerage manager and wounded his personal broker, then turned the gun on himself.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)(AP, 10/26/97)
1987        Oct 26, Herbert Anaya Sanabria, the head of Salvadoran Human Rights Commission, was assassinated by death squads.

1987        Oct 27, South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, establishing direct presidential elections and other democratic reforms.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1987        Oct 27, Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson, a hostage in Lebanon, spent his 40th birthday in captivity.
    (AP, 10/27/97)

1987        Oct 28, During a debate in Houston that included the six Republican presidential contenders, Vice President George Bush argued that as President Reagan's "co-pilot," he knew how to "land the plane in a storm."
    (AP, 10/28/97)

1987        Oct 29, Following the confirmation defeat of Robert H. Bork to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, President Reagan announced his choice of Douglas H. Ginsburg, a nomination that fell apart over revelations of Ginsburg's past marijuana use.
    (AP, 10/29/97)
1987        Oct 29, Woody Herman (b.1913), US jazz clarinetist and composer, died in Los Angeles at age 74. The government had just seized his home for back taxes. His manager Abe Turchen had not paid taxes on musician salaries for 3 years. Gene Lees later authored "Leader of the Band: Woody Herman."
    (AP, 10/29/97)(WSJ, 8/22/01, p.A14)

1987        Oct 30, President Reagan announced that Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would visit Washington the following December for a summit, during which the two leaders would sign a treaty banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
    (AP, 10/30/97)

1987        Oct 31, Noburo Takeshita, leader of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party, was elected party president in his first official step toward replacing Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone.
    (AP, 10/31/97)
1987        Oct 31, Joseph Campbell (b.1904), American writer and professor of mythology, died in Hawaii at age 83.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Campbell)

1987        Oct, The US FDA approved Cipro, marketed by Bayer, as an antibiotic.
    (www.prescriptionaccess.org/press/pressreleases?id=0014)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A10)
1987        Oct, The iceberg B9 calved from the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctic.
1987        Oct, The British government sold the last of its shares in British Petroleum, allowing the company to finally be completely privatized for the first time in 73 years. The Kuwaiti government bought 22% of British Petroleum’s total shares while the price was low, but the deal was opposed by PM Margaret Thatcher. This forced the Kuwaitis so sell over half their stake. Eventually British Petroleum bought back nearly 400 million of the Kuwaiti shares and cancelled them.
    (http://www.conservapedia.com/BP)(Econ, 1/19/08, p.80)
1987        Oct, In Turkey a ban on former political leaders was lifted. Erbakan took over Welfare leadership.
    (AP, 11/4/02)

1987        Nov 1, Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya won the New York City Marathon in two hours, 11 minutes and one second; Priscilla Welch of Britain led the women in two hours, 30 minutes and 16 seconds.
    (AP, 11/1/97)
1987        Nov 1, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping retired from the Communist Party's Central Committee.
    (AP, 11/1/97)
1987        Nov 1, Rene Levesque (b.1922), Quebec premier (1976-85), died at age 65.

1987        Nov 2, Reagan administration officials said Defense Sec. Caspar Weinberger (70) has decided to resign as his wife suffered from cancer. Under Weinberger defense spending jumped from $180.7 billion in 1982 to $274 billion in fiscal 1987.
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.46)
1987        Nov 2, In Florida Robert Henry killed two female co-workers at the Cloth World store in Deerfield Beech. Henry (55) was executed on March 20, 2014.
    (SFC, 3/21/14, p.A7)
1987        Nov 2, Zhao Ziyang was appointed head of China's Communist Party, succeeding his mentor, Deng Xiaoping.
    (AP, 11/2/97)
1987        Nov 2, In Peru during the All Souls holiday a 20 person raiding party of the Maoist Shining path attacked the mountain community of Lucanas. They burned down the municipal hall and several stores and then dragged a local political leader and 7 merchants from their homes and stoned them to death.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.A12)

1987        Nov 3, On Wall Street, after five consecutive gains, the Dow Jones industrial average closed down 50.56 points, ending the day at 1,963.53.
    (AP, 11/3/97)

1987        Nov 4, Lisa Steinberg (6) was pronounced dead at a New York City hospital in a child-abuse case that sparked national outrage; Joel Steinberg, a lawyer who adopted her illegally, served 17 years in prison for manslaughter.
    (AP, 11/4/07)

1987        Nov 5, Stephen Sondheim's and James Lapine's musical "Into the Woods," premiered on Broadway. It had debuted in San Diego at the Old Globe Theatre in 1986.
1987        Nov 5, US Supreme Court nominee Douglas H. Ginsburg admitted using marijuana several times in the 1960s and 70s, calling it a mistake. Ginsburg ended up withdrawing his nomination.
    (AP, 11/5/08)
1987        Nov 5, President Reagan named Frank Carlucci as secretary of defense to succeed retiring Caspar W. Weinberger.
    (AP, 11/5/97)
1987        Nov 5, Govan Mbeki, an early leader of the African National Congress, was released from Robben Island prison after 24 years.
    (www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/pr/1980s/pr871105.html)(SFC, 8/31/01, p.A24)

1987        Nov 6, Education Secretary William Bennett, acting with President Reagan's approval, asked Douglas H. Ginsburg to withdraw as a Supreme Court nominee because of revelations that Ginsburg had used marijuana.
    (AP, 11/6/97)

1987        Nov 7, Judge Douglas H. Ginsburg asked President Reagan to withdraw his nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court, citing the clamor that arose over Ginsburg's admission that he had smoked marijuana on occasion.
    (AP, 11/7/97)
1987        Nov 7, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali became president of Tunisia after doctors declared Habib Bourguiba (84) medically unfit to govern. Mr. Ben Ali led a peaceful coup that ended the 30 year rule of Habib Bourguiba. "The Tunisians are Sunni Muslims and deny polygamy, admit abortion, and abjure the veil."
    (SFC, 5/6/96, p.A-4)(WSJ, 6/22/95, p.A-5)(SFC, 10/28/99, p.A13)
1987         Nov 7, Italian citizens began voting in a 2-day referendum to close down 3 nuclear power plants.
    (AP, 11/13/03)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.66)(www.radicalparty.org/ambiente/dilascia_ing.htm)

1987        Nov 8, Eleven people were killed when a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded as crowds gathered in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, for a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1987        Nov 9, Senate Minority Leader Bob Dole formally announced a bid for the Republican presidential nomination during a visit to his hometown of Russell, Kan.
    (AP, 11/9/97)

1987        Nov 10, President Reagan, seeking to shore up the embattled U.S. dollar, declared the currency had fallen far enough and that his administration was "not doing anything to bring it down."
    (AP, 11/10/97)

1987        Nov 11, Following the failure of two Supreme Court nominations, President Reagan announced his choice of Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, who went on to win confirmation.
    (AP, 11/11/97)
1987        Nov 11, Vincent Van Gogh’s painting "Irises" was bought from the estate of Joan Whitney Payson by Alan Bond, an Australian businessman, for $53.9 million at Sotheby’s in New York.
    (HN, 11/11/98)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.79)
1987        Nov 11, Boris Yeltsin (1931-2007), who had criticized the slow pace of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, was dismissed as Moscow Communist Party chief for criticizing the slow pace of reform.
    (AP, 11/11/07)(http://tinyurl.com/38s7ew)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.98)

1987        Nov 12, The American Medical Association issued a policy statement saying it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.
    (AP, 11/12/97)
1987        Nov 12, Heavy snow closed schools from DC to Maine.

1987        Nov 13, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega unveiled an 11-point proposal in Washington for a cease-fire that called for the Contra rebels to lay down their weapons and accept an amnesty.
    (AP, 11/13/97)

1987        Nov 14, A bomb hidden in a box of chocolates exploded in the lobby of Beirut's American University Hospital, killing seven people, including the woman who was carrying it.
    (AP, 11/14/97)
1987            Nov 14, Pieter Menten (b.1899), Dutch war criminal, died at an old people's home in Loosbroek, southern Netherlands.
1987        Nov 14, Ali Saibou  (1940-2011) began serving as the 3rd president of Niger succeeding the deceased Seyni Kountche. He continued to 1993 and brought multi-party politics to the west African country.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Saibou)

1987        Nov 15, "La Cage aux Folles" closed at Palace Theater in NYC after 1761 performances.
1987        Nov 15, Twenty-eight of 82 people aboard a Continental Airlines DC-9, including the pilot and co-pilot, were killed when the jetliner crashed seconds after taking off from Denver's Stapleton International Airport.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1987        Nov 16, The US Supreme Court, by an 8-0 vote, upheld the federal mail and wire fraud convictions of former Wall Street Journal reporter R. Foster Winans and two co-defendants in connection with an insider-trading scheme.
    (AP, 11/1697)

1987        Nov 17, Retiring Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger received an elaborate send-off on the grounds of the Pentagon.
    (AP, 11/17/97)
1987        Nov 17, A federal jury in Denver convicted two neo-Nazis and acquitted two others of civil rights violations in the 1984 slaying of radio talk show host Alan Berg.
    (AP, 11/17/97)
1987         Nov 17, Richard McNair (28) killed Jerome Theis, of Circle Pines, Minn., during a burglary at a Minot, North Dakota, grain elevator. Richard Kitzman, an elevator employee, was shot three times but survived. McNair was convicted and sentenced to life in prison, but escaped a number of times. In 2007 he was again captured in New Brunswick, Canada.
    (AP, 10/26/07)

1987        Nov 18, The congressional Iran-Contra committees issued their final report, saying President Reagan bore "ultimate responsibility" for wrongdoing by his aides.
    (AP, 11/18/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Contra_Affair)
1987        Nov 18, CBS Inc. announced it had agreed to sell its records division to Sony Corp. for about $2 billion.
    (AP, 11/18/97)
1987        Nov 18, Thirty-one people died in a fire at King's Cross, London's busiest subway station.
    (AP, 11/18/97)

1987        Nov 19, US Congressional budget negotiators finished all but the final details of a two-year, $75 billion deficit reduction pact, but not in time to avert spending cuts mandated by the Gramm-Rudman Act.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1987        Nov 19, Christopher Wilmarth (b.1943), minimalist sculptor, died of suicide in Brooklyn. His work used glass, steel and bronze to explore translucency and the textural effects of the materials.
    (WSJ, 10/23/01, p.A24)(www.bettycuninghamgallery.com/CWexhibition.html)

1987        Nov 20, The film "Nuts" starring Barbra Streisand premiered.
1987        Nov 20, President Reagan and congressional leaders announced agreement on a two-year, $76 billion deficit-reduction plan designed to reassure jittery financial markets.
    (AP, 11/20/97)

1987        Nov 21, An eight-day siege began at a detention center in Oakdale, La., as Cuban detainees, alarmed over the possibility of being returned to Cuba, seized the facility and took hostages.
    (AP, 11/21/97)
1987        Nov 21, James E. Folsom (79), former 2-term governor of Alabama (1947-1951 and 1955-59), died.
1987        Nov 21, In South Korea riot police stood guard to prevent violence by rival supporters as presidential candidates traded charges of corruption and cruelty.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1987        Nov 22, The government of Nicaragua released 985 political prisoners in a show of compliance with a Central American peace plan.
    (AP, 11/22/97)

1987        Nov 23, Two days after a riot by Cuban inmates erupted at a detention center in Oakdale, La., Cuban detainees at a federal prison in Atlanta also rioted, seizing hostages in a drama that was not resolved until Dec 4.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1987        Nov 24, The United States and the Soviet Union agreed to scrap shorter- and medium-range missiles in the first superpower treaty to eliminate an entire class of nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/24/97)

1987        Nov 25, Harold Washington, the first black mayor of Chicago, died at age 65 after suffering a heart attack in his City Hall office.
    (AP, 11/25/97)
1987         Nov 25, In the "Night of the Gliders" two fighters of the PFLP-GC crossed from Lebanon into Israel on hang-gliders and killed six Israeli soldiers. The attack was considered as one of the triggers for the first intifada.

1987        Nov 26, Cuban detainees concerned about the possibility of being sent back to Cuba continued to hold hostages at a prison in Atlanta and a detention center in Oakdale, La.
    (AP, 11/26/97)
1987        Nov 26, Peter Hujar (b.1934), photographer, died in NYC from complications of AIDS. He had captured images of New York’s gay underground.
    (SFEM, 10/13/96, p.6)(www.villagevoice.com/art/9906,saltz,3915,13.html)
1987        Nov 26, Powerful typhoon whipped across Philippines, killing 270 people and damaging or destroying 14,000 homes.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

1987        Nov 27, French hostages Jean-Louis Normandin and Roger Auque were freed by their pro-Iranian captors in west Beirut, Lebanon.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1987        Nov 28, A South African Airways Boeing 747 crashed into the Indian Ocean with the loss of all 159 people aboard.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1987        Nov 29, Joe Montana of 49ers completed an NFL record 22 consecutive passes.
1987        Nov 29, Cuban detainees released 26 hostages that they'd been holding for more than a week at the Federal Detention Center in Oakdale, La.
    (AP, 11/29/97)
1987        Nov 29, A Korean Air jetliner, Flight 858, disappeared off Burma over the Indian Ocean, with the loss of all 115 people aboard. North Korean spies had planted a time-bomb on the South Korean Air jet a day earlier and got off in Abu Dhabi. Kim Hyon-hui and her accomplice were arrested two days later in Bahrain, where they tried to kill themselves by taking cyanide. The man died, but Kim recovered and was extradited to Seoul. She was convicted of the bombing and was sentenced to death. Even while on trial, she won admirers for her classic good looks. She was eventually pardoned and became a best-selling author, writing books about her time as a spy.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)(AP, 11/29/97)(AP, 7/20/10)

1987        Nov 30, Author James Baldwin died in St. Paul de Vence, France, at age 63. His work included: "If Beale Street Could Talk," "Blues for Mister Charlie," "Notes of a Native Son," "Nobody Knows My Name," and "The Fire Next Time," and "Go Tell It on the Mountain." In 1991 James Campbell published the biography: "Talking at the Gates: A Life of James Baldwin."
    (AP 11/30/97)(SFC, 12/30/98, p.A2)
1987        Nov 30, In an interview broadcast by NBC, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev acknowledged that his country was engaged in "Star Wars"-related research, but said there were no plans to build a space-based system against nuclear attack.
    (AP 11/30/97)

1987        Nov, The US-headquartered KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) launched its first China outlet in the Qianmen area of Beijing, neighboring Tiananmen Square.
1987        Nov, In Mexico the peso was devalued and caused the 3rd financial crises since 1976.
    (WSJ, 12/20/96, p.A17)(www.dallasfed.org/research/eclett/2006/el0606.html)

1987        Dec 1, NASA announced that four companies -- Boeing Aerospace, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics, General Electric's Astro-Space Division and Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International -- had been awarded contracts to help build a space station.
    (AP 12/1/97)
1987        Dec 1, Digging of the Eurotunnel began on the English side to link England and France, under co-chairman Alastair Morton (d.2004).
    (www.scripophily.net/eurotunnel.html)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.82)

1987        Dec 2, After a chaotic meeting that had begun the night before, the Chicago City Council elected Eugene Sawyer acting mayor, succeeding the late Harold Washington.
    (AP 12/2/97)
1987        Dec 2, Robert Filliou (b.1926), French-born artist and poet, died in France. He was a member of the Fluxus prankster network, where jokes and social critique merged in the conceptual art of the members.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.B4)(http://tinyurl.com/kppgp)

1987        Dec 3, Four days before his summit with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to sign a treaty banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles, President Reagan said in an interview with television network anchormen that there was a reasonably good chance of progress toward a treaty on long-range weapons.
    (AP 12/3/97)

1987        Dec 4, Cuban inmates at a federal prison in Atlanta freed their 89 hostages, peacefully ending an 11-day uprising. The agreement provided for a nationwide moratorium on deportations of Mariel detainees.
    (AP 12/4/97)

1987        Dec 5, FBI agents searched a federal prison where Cuban inmates had peacefully ended an 11-day hostage siege the day before. The agents reported finding bottle bombs and homemade machetes, but no booby-traps or bodies.
    (AP 12/5/97)
1987        Dec 5, In Berkeley, Ca., the body of Deanna Butterfield (21) was found in Tilden Park. In 2006 DNA evidence linked William Huff to the murder, but there was insufficient evidence to charge him. In 2015 Huff was charged for this murder and the 1993 sexual assault and slaying of Mueylin Saechao in San Pablo. On September 4, 2018, Huff was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 4/8/15, p.D1)(SFC, 9/6/18, p.D3)

1987        Dec 6, One day before the arrival of Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev, hundreds of thousands of demonstrators pressing for free emigration of Soviet Jews marched in Washington.
    (AP 12/6/97)
1987        Dec 6, In Missouri 3 Satanist teenagers bludgeoned Steven Newberry (19), a learning-disabled youth, to death and blamed the incident on heavy metal inspired satanism.
1987        Dec 6, In Moscow security agents roughed up Jewish activists and journalists during demonstrations over Kremlin policy one day before the arrival of Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to the US, where hundreds of thousands of demonstrators pressing for free emigration of Soviet Jews marched in Washington.
    (AP 12/6/97)

1987        Dec 7, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev set foot on American soil for the first time, arriving for a Washington summit with President Reagan.
    (AP 12/7/97)
1987        Dec 7, A Pacific Southwest Airlines jetliner crashed in California after a gunman apparently opened fire on a fellow passenger and the two pilots. Flight 1771, bound for San Francisco, crashed and killed all 43 people onboard. The FBI later said David Burke, a fired USAir worker, shot his former supervisor and the pilots in cockpit.
    (AP, 12/7/97)(SSFC, 12/23/12, DB p.42)

1987        Dec 8, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed the INF Treaty, Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty, under which the superpowers agreed to destroy their arsenals of intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1987)(AP 12/8/97)(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.C12)
1987        Dec 8, Kurt Schmoke became the first African-American mayor of Maryland when he was elected the mayor of Baltimore. He was a Rhodes scholar and Harvard Law School graduate. He served 3 terms and decided to run for the Senate.
    (SFC, 12/4/98, p.A12)(HN, 12/8/98)

1987        Dec 8-1987 Dec 9, The first Palestinian intefadeh (Arabic for uprising) began as riots broke out in Gaza and spread to the West Bank, triggering a strong Israeli counter-response.
    (AP 12/8/97)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(AP, 12/9/07)

1987        Dec 9, On the second day of their White House summit, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev grappled with differences over Afghanistan and cutbacks in long-range nuclear arms.
    (AP 12/9/97)

1987        Dec 10, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded three days of summit talks in Washington.
    (AP 12/10/97)
1987        Dec 10, Jascha Heifetz (b.1901), Lithuania-born Jewish violinist, died in Los Angeles.
    (http://www.thirteen.org/publicarts/violin/heifetz.html)(AP 12/10/97)

1987        Dec 11, NATO allies urged the U.S. Senate to ratify the intermediate-range missile treaty quickly and underscored their support by pledging to let the Soviet Union inspect missile bases in five European countries.
    (AP 12/11/97)

1987        Dec 12, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, during a visit to Denmark, urged U.S. allies to increase spending on conventional forces, following the signing of a superpower intermediate-range missile ban treaty.
    (AP 12/12/97)
1987        Dec 12, Clifton Chenier, Zydeco accordionist, died. In 1998 Michael Tisserand published "The Kingdom of Zydeco" and Rick Olivier and Ben Sandmel published the photo documentary "Zydeco!"
    (WSJ, 4/19/99, p.A20)(http://experts.about.com/e/c/cl/Clifton_Chenier.htm)

1987        Dec 13, Secretary of State George P. Shultz said the Reagan administration would begin making funding requests for the proposed "Star Wars" defense system.
    (AP 12/13/97)

1987        Dec 14, US Supreme Court nominee Anthony M. Kennedy told his confirmation hearing he had no hidden agenda for abortion and privacy cases.
    (AP 12/14/97)
1987        Dec 14, Chrysler pleaded no contest to federal charges of selling several thousand vehicles as new even though they'd been driven by employees with the odometer disconnected.
    (AP 12/14/97)

1987        Dec 15, Gary Hart, who had dropped out of the race for the Democratic presidential nomination amid questions about his relationship with Miami model Donna Rice, made a surprise return to the campaign, saying, "Let's let the people decide."
    (AP 12/15/97)

1987        Dec 16, Former White House aide Michael K. Deaver was convicted of lying to a House subcommittee and a grand jury investigating whether he had violated federal ethics laws. He was later fined and ordered to perform community service.
    (AP 12/16/97)
1987        Dec 16, In South Korea fellow opposition leaders Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung split the opposition vote in the country’s first democratic elections. This allowed Chun Doo-hwan’s handpicked former army general Roh Tae-woo to win with 37% of the vote.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chun_Doo-hwan)(SFC, 11/23/15, p.C4)(Econ 5/6/17, p.36)

1987        Dec 17, With election results showing him the winner, South Korea's president-elect, Roh Tae-woo, appealed for "national harmony" while his opponents claimed he had won through fraud.
    (AP, 12/17/97)

1987        Dec 18, Ivan F. Boesky was sentenced to three years in prison for plotting Wall Street's biggest insider-trading scandal. Boesky served about two years of his sentence.
    (AP, 12/18/97)

1987        Dec 18, Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was married in a traditional Islamic ceremony to businessman Asif Ali Zardari.
    (AP, 12/18/97)

1987        Dec 19, The Palestinian uprising in Israel's occupied territories spread to Arab east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 12/19/97)

1987        Dec 20, The Dona Paz, a Philippine passenger ship, collided with the tanker Vector off Mindoro island, setting off a double explosion. 4,375 people on the ferry were killed as well as 11 of the tanker's 13-man crew. The passenger ship was owned by  Sulpicio Lines Inc.
    (AP, 2/3/06)(Reuters, 8/17/13)

1987        Dec 21, In New York City three white teen-agers from the Howard Beach section of Queens were convicted of manslaughter in the death of a black man who was chased onto a highway, where he was struck by a car. A fourth defendant was acquitted.
    (AP, 12/21/97)

1987        Dec 22, The Reagan administration criticized Israel's handling of the Palestinian uprising in the occupied territories, particularly the military's use of live ammunition against civilians.
    (AP, 12/22/97)
1987        Dec 22, In Zimbabwe ZANU leader Robert Mugabe and ZAPU leader Joshua Nkomo signed a unity agreement that merged the two parties to form one party known as ZANU PF. This effectively dissolved ZAPU into ZANU, renamed ZANU-PF.

1987        Dec 23, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, serving a life sentence for the attempted assassination of President Ford in 1975, escaped from the Alderson Federal Prison for Women in West Virginia. She was recaptured two days later.
    (AP, 12/23/97)

1987        Dec 24, M.G. Ramachandran (b.1917), leading Tamil film actor and Chief Minister of the Tamil Nadu state from 1977, died. He was the first film actor to be a Chief Minister in India. Jayaram Jayalalithaa, his alleged lover, took over his party and led it to victory in Tamil Nadu.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._G._Ramachandran)(Econ, 12/10/16, p.41)
1987        Dec 24, In Lebanon, the kidnappers of Terry Anderson released a videotape in which The Associated Press correspondent told his family he was in good health, and said to President Reagan, "Surely by now you know what must be done and how you can do it." Anderson was freed nearly four years later.
    (AP, 12/24/97)

1987        Dec 25, Authorities recaptured Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who had escaped two days earlier from the federal prison in Alderson, W.Va., where she was serving a life sentence for her attempt on the life of President Ford.
    (AP, 12/25/97)
1987        Dec 25, Antoni Imiela pounced on Sheila Jankowitz near her home in Forest Hill, southeast London. The attack preceded a series of rapes across south-east England in 2001 and 2002 for which the ex-railway worker was given seven life sentences in 2004. In 2012 the 'M25 Rapist' was sentenced 12 years more for raping Jankowitz.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)

1987        Dec 26, A bomb exploded at a USO bar in Barcelona, Spain, killing one U.S. sailor and injuring nine others; a little-known group called the Red Army of Catalonian Liberation claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 12/26/97)

1987        Dec 27, Scores of Palestinian prisoners appeared before Israeli military courts in the first trials of several hundred protesters arrested in the "intefadeh," or uprising, in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1987        Dec 28, The bodies of 14 relatives of R. Gene Simmons were found at his home near Dover, Ark., following a shooting spree by Simmons in Russellville that claimed two other lives. Simmons was later executed.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1987        Dec 29, The antidepressant drug Prozac was allowed to go on the market. It was based on fluoxetine, which increases serotonin levels in the brain by preventing the cells that that produce serotonin from reabsorbing it too quickly. It was discovered by Dr. Ray W. Fuller (1936-1996), Dr. David Wong and Dr. Bryan Molloy of Eli Lilly.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)(www.prozactruth.com/fdalilly.htm)
1987        Dec 29, NASA delayed the planned June launch of the space shuttle -- the first since the Challenger disaster -- because a motor component failed during a test-firing of the shuttle's redesigned booster rocket.
    (AP, 12/29/97)

1987        Dec 30, Manufacturers of all-terrain vehicles agreed to withdraw the three-wheel model from dealers' inventories, but stopped short of a recall, as demanded by groups who felt the ATV's were dangerous.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1987        Dec 31, One second was added to the year to compensate for precession of earth's axis.
    (HN, 12/31/98)
1987        Dec 31, Robert Mugabe was sworn in as Zimbabwe's first executive president. Joshua Nkomo rejoined the Zimbabwe government as vice president.
    (AP, 12/31/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joshua_Nkomo)

1987        Dec, SF activists formed the SF Coalition on Homelessness.
    (SFC, 12/15/12, p.A1)
1987        Dec, Sheik Ahmed Yassin founded Hamas, a Palestinian social welfare and military organization. He urged the killing of Palestinians who collaborated with Israeli authorities. Its military wing, called the Izzeddine al-Qassam, used armed operations against Israel. In 2006 Matthew Levitt authored “Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad."
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(SFC,12/27/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 5/2/06, p.D8)
1987        Dec, Work began on the Chunnel between Britain and France.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, zone 1 p.4)
1987        Dec, Slobodan Milosevic, head of a nationalist faction, staged a palace coup and purged Pres. Ivan Stambolic over his moderate treatment of ethnic Albanians. Milosevic had risen to power as head of Serbia’s Communist Party.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 12/27/96, p.B3)(SFC, 7/24/97, p.C3)

1987        Jasper Johns, American artist, painted "The Seasons (Fall)."
    (SFC, 3/31/97, p.E6)

1987        The "New Star" sculpture by Mark di Suvero was constructed.
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.33)

1987        Media guru Roger Ailes (1940-2017) collaborated with Jon Kraushar to author “You Are the Message: Getting What You Want by Being Who You Are."
    (Econ 5/27/17, p.82)

1987        Cleveland Amory authored "The Cat Who Came for Christmas," a national best-seller about his cat Polar Bear.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)

1987        Molefi K. Asante wrote his: "The Afrocentric Idea."
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1987        Ravi Batra authored "The Great Depression of the 1990s."
    (NW, 9/16/02, p.34BB)

1987        Virginia Reade Belmontez (d.1998 at 68) authored "Mexico Barbarro 1987," a book that exposed the past of Mexico’s Pres. Salinas and his party’s oppression of the Mexican people.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.C2)

1987        Martin Bernal wrote Vol. 1 of his "Black Athena." Vol. 2 came out in 1991.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1987        Allan Bloom, Prof. of political philosophy at the Univ. of Chicago, published "The Closing of the American Mind." In 2000 Saul Bellow authored the novel "Ravelstein" based on the life of Bloom.
    (WSJ, 1/7/98, p.W11)(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A26)

1987        Stewart Brand wrote "The Media Lab."
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A17)

1987        Dorothy Bryant wrote her historical novel "The Confessions of Madame Psyche."
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.C14)

1987        James Lee Burke published his 1st Dave Robicheaux detective novel "Neon Rain."
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.B7)

1987        Lincoln Caplan authored "The Tenth Justice: The Solicitor General and the Rule of Law."
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.C2)

1987        "Southern Food" by John Egerton was published.
    (SFC, 8/14/96, zz-1 p.1)

1987        Neil Folberg published "In a Desert Land: Photographs of Israel, Egypt, and Jordan." It focused on the Sinai Desert and was re-issued in 1998.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, BR p.6)

1987        GOP strategist Vic Gold (1928-2017) helped George H.W. Bush write an autobiography: “Looking Forward," published in 1988.
    (SFC, 6/9/17, p.D4)

1987        Joseph Greenberg (d.2001), Stanford linguist, authored "Language in the Americas." He assigned the 650 native languages of North and South America to 3 groups.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.C2)

1987        William Greider wrote "Secrets of the Temple." It was a comprehensive general account of how the Federal Reserve operates.
    (WSJ, 1/17/97, p.A11)

1987        Thich Nhat Hanh, Vietnamese Zen master, published "Being Peace," the first of his 35 books and tapes.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)

1987        Robert Higgs authored “Crises and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American Government."

1987        Kenneth Hudson authored “Museums of Influence."

1987        David Ignatius authored his novel “Agents of Innocence." It became a classic in the espionage genre.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P10)

1987        Kim Jong Il, son of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung, authored the treatise: “Theory of Cinematic Art."

1987        Paul Kennedy, British historian, authored “The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers."
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.108)

1987        "Modern Geology Vol. II" by Andrew Kitchener was published.
    (NH, 8/96, p.58)

1987        Patricia Limerick published "The Legacy of Conquest." She realigned standard history to account for minorities and women in the unbroken settlement of the US West.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1987        An English edition of “The Mind of a Mnemonist" by Russian psychologist Alexander Luria (1902-1977) was published.

1987        Malachi Martin (d.1999 at 78), an Irish-born former Jesuit, published "The Jesuits."
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D8)

1987        The "Food of Southern Italy" by chef Carlo Middione won the Tastemaker Award in the International Cookbook category.
    (SFEM, 7/21/96, p.16)

1987        Toni Morrison wrote her novel "Song of Solomon."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, DB p.61)

1987        In Japan Haruki Murakami authored "Norwegian Wood." The novel experimented with reality. An English translation was made in 1997. By 2010 the love story sold more than 10 million copies in Japan and 2.6 million abroad in 36 languages. The film "Norwegian Wood," by Vietnamese-French director Tran Anh Hung, opened in Japan in December, 2010.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.B7)(AP, 11/26/10)

1987        V.S, Naipaul (b.1932), Trinidad-born English novelist, authored "The Enigma of Arrival."
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.C1)

1987        M.I.T. Press published "A Few Good Men from Univac." It was a history of the computer.
    (WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A12)

1987        Caryl Phillips wrote "The European Tribe," his "impressionistic tour of a continent with a long history of persecuting Jews and ignoring blacks."
    (WSJ, 5/21/97, p.A12)

1987        T. Boone Pickens, head of Mesa Petroleum, published his autobiography “Boone." In 2000 it was updated under the title “The Luckiest Guy in the World."
    (WSJ, 9/10/08, p.A13)

1987        Richard Preston wrote "First Light," a book on the romantic era of astronomy. A new edition was published in 1996.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.7)

1987        Barbara Raskin (d.1999 at 63) published her novel "Hot Flashes."
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)

1987        Richard Register, student of Paolo Soleri and founding president of Urban Ecology (1975), authored “Ecocity Berkeley: Building cities for a healthy future."
    (http://www.ecocitybuilders.org/richard-register/)(PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 29)   

1987        Leni Riefenstahl (1902-2003), German director, published her autobiography: "Leni Riefenstahl: A Memoir."
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.B5)

1987        George Seldes, former Berlin correspondent for the Chicago Tribune, wrote his autobiography: "Witness to a Century."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T5)

1987        Randy Shilts, a San Francisco-based writer, authored "The Band Played On," in which he chronicled the early days of AIDS. Shilts had learned in 1985 that he had AIDS, but only made it public in 1993.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/And_the_Band_Played_On)(SSFC, 2/11/18, DB p.50)

1987        George Soros, businessman, published "The Alchemy of Finance." It offered his ideas on a wide range of subjects including his own success. The Quantum Fund is one of Mr. Soros’ investment vehicles.
    (WSJ, 2/27/95, p.A-10)

1987        Larry R. Squire authored “Memory and Brain." It became a classic in the biology of memory.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P10)

1987        Elizabeth Taylor (1932-2011) and writer Jane Scovell authored “Elizabeth Takes Off." The book covered Taylor’s recent weight loss.
    (SFC, 3/24/11, p.A8)
1987        Choreographer Paul Taylor published his autobiography "Public Domain."
    (WSJ, 4/12/99, p.A21)

1987        “The Art of the Deal" an autobiography by Donald Trump and journalist Tony Schwartz was published.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trump:_The_Art_of_the_Deal)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.58)

1987        Walter Weintz (1915-1996) wrote his memoir "The Solid Gold Mailbox." He had been a pioneer of direct mail advertising and used a Persian poet’s lines to sell the Reader’s Digest: "If thou hast two pennies, spend one for bread." Weintz sent out 100 million pennies in pairs and advertised that the 1st be kept for luck and the 2nd be used as a down payment to Reader’s Digest.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)

1987        Chancellor Williams published his work: "The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of Race from 4500 BC to 2000 AD." He also wrote "The Re-Birth of African Civilization," an account of his 1953-1957 research project on the nature of education in Europe and Africa.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1987        "The Truly Disadvantaged" by William Julius Wilson first discussed the "mismatch thesis," which points to the problem of unskilled inner-city workers trapped in poverty and unqualified and unable to reach jobs in the hi-tech urban environment. The problem continued to be discussed in his 1996 book: "When Work Disappears."
    (WSJ, 9/3/96, p.A12)

1987        William Wilson (d.1999 at 51) authored "An Incomplete Education," designed to fill in knowledge lacked by college graduates.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C6)

1987        Tom Wolfe published his first novel "Bonfire of the Vanities" in book form, a complete re-write after it was serialized in Rolling Stone Magazine. The title referred to an event on Feb 7, 1497, when followers of the priest Girolamo Savonarola collected and publicly burned thousands of objects in Florence, Italy. Wolfe’s book was a story of Reagan-era avarice.
    (WSJ, 10/30/98, p.W1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonfire_of_the_Vanities)

1987        Arthur Miller wrote his play "I Can’t Remember Anything." He also authored in this year his autobiography "Timebends."
    (WSJ, 1/14/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.82)

1987        August Wilson won a Pulitzer prize for his play "Fences." Mr. Wilson’s work chronicles 20th century life among American blacks.
    (WSJ, 2/17/95, p.A-10)

1987        The book "White Mischief" (1982) by James Fox was made into a film starring Charles Dance and Greta Scacchi. The book highlighted the free-spending, and often alcoholic ways of much of the early colonial set in Kenya.
    (AP, 5/24/06)

1987        The film "The Untouchables" was about Eliot Ness and the FBI agents who helped bring Al Capone to justice. It starred Sean Connery as Jimmy Malone and Kevin Costner under the tutelage of former untouchable Albert Woolf (d.1998 at 95). It was directed by Brian DePalma and was written by David Mamet. Connery won his only Oscar for his role.
    (SFC, 9/12/97, p.A24)(SFC, 3/24/98, p.B2)(SFEC, 4/5/98, DB p.58)(Econ., 11/7/20, p.80)

1987        Dom DeLuise started in “The Dom DeLuise Show," a syndicated sitcom (1987-1988) in which he played a Hollywood barber and widowed single father of a 10-year-old girl.
    (SFC, 5/6/09, p.A9)
1987        Henry Hampton (d.1998 at 58) produced his 6-hour PBS TV special "Eyes on the Prize," a look at the civil rights movement.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A26)
1987        Morton Downey Jr. (d.2001) pioneered  the "Trash TV" talk show with his NYC "The Morton Downey Show."
    (SFC, 3/14/01, p.A20)
1987        The TV show "The ‘Slap’ Maxwell Story" began a one year run. It was a drama comedy about a sports columnist in New Mexico.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)
1987        The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles TV cartoon show began. The turtles were named after famous Italian artists.
    (NW, 11/11/02, p.56)
1987        NBC began its “Unsolved Mysteries" series. The show continued to 2002.
    (AH, 4/07, p.58)
1987        The TV show "A Year in the Life" was a drama about a Seattle widower and businessman and his 4 grown children.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)

1987        English singer Rick Astley sang "Never Gonna Give You Up," written and produced by Stock, Aitken & Waterman. The song was released as the first single from Astley's multi-million selling debut album, Whenever You Need Somebody. The song was a worldwide number-one hit, initially in the singer's native United Kingdom in 1987, where it stayed at number one for five weeks and was the best-selling single of that year. In 2008, Rick Astley won the MTV EMA awards for "Best Act Ever" with the song "Never Gonna Give You Up", as a result of collective voting from thousands of people on the internet, due to the popular phenomenon of rickrolling.

1987        M.C. Hammer (aka Stanley Kirk Burrell) released his first "rap music" single, "Ring ‘Em"/"Stupid Def Yal" on Bustin’ Records.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.34)

1987        Carl Perkins (d.1998), rockabilly king, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 1/20/98, p.A1,8)

1987        John Santos formed the Machete Ensemble. From Afro-Cuban and Afro-Caribbean music the band moved to Latin jazz and traditional classic jazz.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.49)

1987        Townes Van Zandt (1944-1997) produced his album "At My Window."
    (SFC, 1/4/97, p.E1)

1987        John Whelan, button accordionist, recorded "Fresh Takes" with violinist Eileen Ivers.
    (WSJ, 3/17/97, p.A16)

1987        Philip Glass composed his Violin Concerto.
    (WSJ, 1/27/97, p.A20)

1987        Lou Harrison composed "Strict Songs." Mark Morris adopted the music to a dance performance.
    (WSJ, 4/25/97, p.A16)

1987        In Boston the 46 floor Tower One of the International Place was completed. The 35 floor Tower Two was completed in 1992. The architects were Philip Johnson and John Burgee.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)

1987        Jazz at Lincoln Center was launched as a concert series in NYC. In 1998 JALC was allocated 100,000 square feet in the Time Warner Center.
    (Econ, 4/26/14, p.84)
1987        The Dia Center for the Arts opened a 40,000-sq.-foot exhibition space on W. 22nd St. in Greenwich Village, NYC.
    (Hem, 4/96, p.55)

1987        The Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA) was formed by the merger of 3 small Lutheran denominations: the American Lutheran Church, the Lutheran Church in America and the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches.
    (SFC, 7/21/97, p.A11)

1987        The Westin Kauai was completed by developer Christopher B. Hemmeter (d.2003).
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A29)

1987        In Texas George Roden was driven from the Branch Dravidian religious group after a gun battle with David Koresh over the leadership. The 77-acre compound near Waco, known as Mount Carmel, belonged to Roden’s mother, who named Koresh as the trustee in her will.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A3)

1987        John Templeton (1912-2008), financial wizard, founded the John Templeton Foundation to explore the relationship between science and religion.
    (Wired, 2/98, p.176)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.95)

1987        Mickey Weiss founded the Los Angeles Food Distribution Project. It distributed 60,000 pounds of produce free of charge in its first month and by 1991 the program had grown to 1.5 million pounds per month. It reached 100 million pounds per year by 1995.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.17-18)

1987        Milton Feldstein (d.1997 at 78) was chosen as president of the Air and Waste Management Association, a trade group for air quality professionals.
    (SFC, 5/20/97, p.A21)

1987        The Joseph and Edna Josephson Institute of Ethics was founded by Michael Josephson to survey the character of youths and adults.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.21)

1987        First Friday, an African American networking organization, began in New Jersey as a happy hour for people in their 30s.
    (SSFC, 8/18/02, p.E1)

1987        The National Museum of Women in the Arts was founded in Washington DC. It was the idea of Wilhelmina Holladay. In 1997 a new $1 million wing was added.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.A12)

1987        Samuel Eilenberg (d.1998 at 84), mathematician and art collector, donated over 400 artifacts from his collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In return the museum raised some $1.5 million to create the Samuel Eilenberg Visiting Professorship of Mathematics at Columbia Univ.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)

1987        Village Enterprises Fund was founded to help small businesses in under-developed countries. In 1997 it began focusing on East Africa.
    (SFC, 6/805, p.C1)

1987        The Feminist Majority was founded by Toni Carabillo, Judith Meuli, Eleanor Smeal, Peg Yorkin and Katherine Spillar. Their goal was to encourage women’s empowerment.
    (LAT, 9/29/97, p.A18)

1987        Mary Shurz, editor of the Danville Advocate in Kentucky, unofficially started the Danville Great American Brass Band Festival.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)

1987        Sam Moskowitz (d.1997 at 76) was inducted into the New Jersey Literary Hall of Fame for his extensive work in science fiction.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A22)

1987        Donald J. Cram (d.2001 at 82) won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for synthesizing molecules that mimicked some chemistry reactions of life. He later created "prison: molecules that enclosed smaller molecules.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.D6)
1987        Susumu Tonegawa of Japan won the Nobel Prize in medicine for the discovery of the process that enables the body to produce thousands of different antibodies to fight disease.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)
1987        Robert M. Solow of the United States won the Nobel Prize in Economics for contributions to the theory of economic growth.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

1987        The US tied Iran to the mining when it captured the Ajr, an Iranian ship loaded with mines. When the USS Samuel B. Roberts struck a mine and nearly sank the next year, the Navy matched it to those seized from the Ajr.
    (AP, 6/14/19)

1987        Kurt Waldheim, Austrian president and former U.N. secretary general, was barred from entering the U.S. for his past involvement in Nazi war crimes.
    (HNQ, 10/22/99)

1987        A US Congressional Sentencing Commission, created in 1984, put forth its 1st sentencing guidelines.
    (WSJ, 7/14/04, p.A1)

1987        The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set standards for air quality that included a maximum level of particulate matter in air. The standard applied to particles smaller than 10 microns (10 millionths of a meter).
    (WSJ, 5/21/97, p.A14)

1987        The Federal Abandoned Shipwreck Act gave states control of historic wrecks that were found near their coasts.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A2)

1987        The Amerasian Homecoming Act was enacted by Congress and enabled Vietnamese with American facial features born between 1962 and 1976 to get an American visa.
    (WSJ, 2/28/02, p.B1)

1987        The US Congress approved a $6.4 billion budget for "the Big Dig" in Boston. Its 85% support later shrank to 55%, as costs in 2002 rose to $14.6 billion.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.J12)
1987        US Congress added portions of California’s Merced, Kings, and Kern Rivers (north and south forks) to the national system for federal protection. The 1968 National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act originally covered 9 rivers including the Middle Fork Feather River in California.
    (SFC, 7/21/06, p.B3)
1987        US Congress amended the Nuclear Waste Policy Act and directed DOE to study only Yucca Mountain, Nevada, located within a former nuclear test site.

1987        A wrongful death suit filed by Michael Donald’s mother gave a $7 million verdict against the United Klans of America. In 1981 Ku Klux Klansman Henry Hays had murdered Donald, a 19-year-old black man, in a random abduction. Donald was beaten, cut, strangled and his body was strung up a tree. Hays was convicted and sentenced to death. He was executed Jun 6, 1997.
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.A3)

1987        A sex scandal hit TV evangelist Jimmy Swaggart. [see Feb 21, 1988]
    (TMC, 1994, p.1987)

1987        California Gov. George Deukmejian (1928-2018) presided over a $1 billion state tax rebate.
    (SFC, 5/9/18, p.A10)
1987        California passed a law that required unmarried girls under 18 to get written parental consent or to prove to a judge that they are mature enough to make an informed decision in order to get an abortion.
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-1)
1987        In Pasadena, Ca., a crematory owner was accused of selling body parts and stuffing up to 18 bodies at a time into a combustion chamber.
    (WSJ, 2/28/02, p.B1)
1987        Hubcap Ranch in Pope Valley, Napa County, Ca., was declared a state historic landmark. Litto Damonte (d.1985), Italian marble mason, had bought the 360-acre ranch in 1930. He soon began collecting hubcaps from passing cars on the potholed Pope Valley Road.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, p.B2)
1987        In San Francisco Bill Weber painted a jazz mural at the North Beach corner of Columbus and Grant. He began a restoration in 2004.
    (SFC, 2/20/04, p.E3)
1987        In SF Kenneth R. Dixon (1945-1994) became artistic director of Theatre Rhinoceros.
    (SFC, 2/12/08, p.E1)
1987        In San Francisco the gay-oriented Stud bar opened at Ninth and Harrison streets. It was forced to close in 2020 amidst loss of revenue due to the coronavirus pandemic.
    (SFC, 5/22/20, p.C1)
1987        In San Francisco ground was broken at the former site of the Gartland Apartments at Valencia and 16th for low-income housing.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A16)
1987        In San Francisco "Food of Southern Italy" by chef Carlo Middione won the Tastemaker Award in the International Cookbook category. His restaurants are Vivande Porte Via at 2125 Fillmore and Vivande Ristorante at 670 Golden Gate.
    (SFEM, 7/21/96, p.16)
1987        Chendra and Shanti, one-horned rhinos, were presented as a gift to the SF Zoo from Prine Gyanendra of Nepal. They came from the Royal Chitwan National park, one of only 3 places where the species survives in the wild.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.B1)
1987        In San Francisco the Omega Boys Club was founded by Joseph Marshall Jr., a public school teacher, and Jack Jacqua, a guidance counselor.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.C1)(SFC,12/11/97, p.A25)
1987        The KQED radio program "Forum" began with Kevin Pursglove as the founding host. He stressed politics on the program until 1993 when Michael Krasny, a literature professor at SF State Univ., became moderator and expanded the subject matter to a broad range of contemporary issues. Pursglove went on to become the press secretary to San Jose Mayor Susan Hammer.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.E1,3)
1987        Mary Risley, owner of Tante Marie’s Cooking School, founded Food Runners, a volunteer organization to pick up and deliver excess food to homeless shelters in SF.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W34)
1987        In San Francisco the Social Venture Network was founded. Members focused on investing in "socially responsible" companies.
    (WSJ, 2/4/00, p.A1)
1987        In San Francisco Art Agnos was elected mayor over John Molinari by a margin of 70-30.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A19)
1987        In San Francisco Judge Marilyn Hall Patel imposed a consent decree to control discrimination in the Fire Department.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A1)
1987        San Francisco banned new restaurants on Noe Valley’s 24th Street because residents felt they were losing local shops to eateries that drove up rents and caused traffic jams. In 2010 the city poised to undo the rule as some 15 storefronts stood empty on the street.
    (SFC, 1/14/10, p.D1)
1987        There were demonstrations at the California Concord Naval Weapons Station against the base’s alleged role in shipping arms to Central America. Writer Alice Walker was arrested.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, BR p.6)
1987        The San Francisco real estate firm Grubb & Ellis was acquired by Fox & Carskadon.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.B2)

1987        In Florida Mark Asay fatally shot Robert Lee Booker (34), a black man, after making multiple racist comments. Asay also shot dead Robert McDowell (26), a white Hispanic, after discovering McDowell, who was hired for sex, was a man dressed as a woman. In 2017 Asay (53) faced execution, becoming the first white man in Florida to be executed for killing a black person.
    (SFC, 3/24/17, p.A12)

1987        New Jersey adopted legislation requiring bottled water to carry an expiration date. Water companies began stamping all bottles.
    (WSJ, 2/11/04, p.D11)

1987        In New York Tawana Brawley (16) charged that 6 white law-enforcement officers abducted and raped her. Her claims were declared a hoax by a grand jury. 9 years later a related trial opened in a defamation suit brought by a former prosecutor against the Rev. Al Sharpton and 2 other advisers to Brawley. In 1998 Steven Paganes was awarded $345,000 in damages. Sharpton was fined $65,000, C. Vernon Mason was fined $185,000 and Alton Maddox was fined $95,000.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A7)(SFC, 7/30/98, p.A9)

1987        Aaron Rubashkin, a Lubuvitcher Hasidic Jew from Brooklyn, reopened an abandoned slaughterhouse in Postville, Iowa. In 2000 Stephen G. Bloom authored "Postville: A Clash of cultures in Heartland American."
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, BR p.4)

1987        Donald Harvey (b.1952) pleaded guilty to killing 37 people, mostly while he worked as a nurse’s aide in Cincinnati and London, Ky. On March 31, 2017, He died he died at a state prison in Toledo two days after he was attacked while serving multiple life sentences.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Harvey)(SFC, 3/31/17, p.A6)

1987        AdLib launched a PC audio card that delivered stereo sound.
    (WSJ, 3/4/97, p.B1)

1987        A.W. Clausen, head of the Bank of America, sold the Charles Schwab securities firm and refocused on the domestic market.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)

1987        The Carlyle Group was founded in Washington DC. It had interests with military contractors and ties to elite DC circles.
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.B1)

1987        Cyberonics Corp. was founded to design, develop and bring to market medical devices to treat epilepsy. The company developed an implantable device to stimulate the vagus nerve to reduce the frequency and extent of epileptic seizures.
    (CYBX, 1997, AR p.19)

1987        Chrysler bought AMC for $600 million.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1987        Ford purchased a 75% share of Aston Martin.
    (HNQ, 11/26/00)
1987        Greg Wallace opened up Cadillac Historical Services as a service for the vintage Cadillac owner and began serving as a historian for the Cadillac company.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/4f9s9cr)

1987        General Electric (GE) sold its consumer electronics business to Thompson SA.
    (WSJ, 11/4/99, p.B6)

1987        LVMH, a fashion and luxury goods group, was created. Its initials stood for Louis Vuitton (leather luggage), Moet (champagne) and Hennessy (cognac).
    (Econ, 3/6/04, Survey p.6)

1987        The Hearst Corp. acquired the Houston Chronicle. Hearst also acquired Cowles and North America Syndicates, which were consolidated into King Features Syndicate.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1987        Martha Stewart joined Kmart as Entertainment and Lifestyle Spokesperson.
    (WSJ, 11/18/04, p.B1)

1987        Mazda opened a new plant in Flat Rock, Mich.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1987        Craig McCaw took his McCaw Cellular Communications public and raised $2.39 billion. McCaw’s story was told in 2000 by O. Casey Cor in "Money From Thin Air."
    (WSJ, 6/14/00, p.A24)

1987        Sumner Redstone (64), media mogul, bought Viacom for $3.4 million after making a hostile bid.
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.58)

1987        Matsushita Electric invested significant resources to incorporate fuzzy logic technology into marketable goods.
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.102)

1987        Michael Gilliland and his wife, Elizabeth Cook, purchased a vegetarian food store in Boulder, Colo. In 1991 they opened their 1st supermarket-size store in Santa Fe, NM, and renamed the company Wild  Oats Vegetarian Market. They went public in 1996 and by 2006 had 114 stores in 24 states.
    (WSJ, 10/26/06, p.C1)

1987        Shearson Lehman Brothers, a unit of American Express, acquired E.F. Hutton, which had been crippled by a 1985 check-kiting scandal and the October 1987 stock market crash. Shearson and Hutton merged in 1988.
    (WSJ, 10/15/05, p.B3)(www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Lehman_Brothers)

1987        TRW developed the first seat belt pretensioners.
    (F, 10/7/96, p.72)

1987        The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) originally released the ISO 9000 series of standards. Since then, the standards have become recognized around the world and are now accepted in more than 100 countries.
    (BW, 10/6/98)

1987        GSM, a 2nd generation wireless technology, was mandated as a Europe-wide standard.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.66)

1987        Dr. Lameh Fananapazir was hired by the National Institutes of Health [NIH] and expanded the agency’s research in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy [HCM], an inherited condition that thickens the heart and can cause sudden death. In 1993 he received approval to begin putting pacemakers into children and claimed results that indicated a reversal of the disease. His work has become very controversial.
    (WSJ, 6/12/96, p.A1)

1987        The "Breathe Right" strip was invented by an allergy sufferer as a device to enhance air flow in the nose.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, Par p.17)

1987        In Hawaii 2 millimeter/submillimeter radio telescopes were completed on Mauna Kea: the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (10.4m) and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (15m).
    (Hem., 7/95, p.115)

1987        Scientist using the Very Large Array (VLA) found an object known as MG1131+0456, that showed an oval structure. Additional observations of the object later that year showed more detail and confirmed that it was an example of an Einstein Ring, a phenomena that resulted from light bending in a gravitational lens. Optical observers had discovered the first gravitational lens in 1979.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.72)(www.nrao.edu/pr/2000/vla20/background/ering/)

1987        The Tevatron, a circular particle accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, went into operation as the highest energy particle collider in the world. In 2009 it was eclipsed by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, Switzerland.

1987        In South Baltimore the Cherry Hill Elementary School became the first public school in the country to adopt a school uniform.
    (WSJ, 9/11/98, p.W9)

1987        Oral Lee Brown, an Oakland, Ca., realtor, adopted the entire first grade class at Brookfield Elementary School and promised to send the 23 students to college after they graduated. She put $10,000 a year into their college fund. In 1999 19 of the students headed for college under the Oral Lee Brown Foundation. 14 graduated from college and 3 went on to graduate school.
    (SFC, 7/28/99, p.A15)(SFC, 10/14/06, p.B3)

1987        The checkerspot butterfly, once plentiful in the SF Bay Area, was listed as threatened. In 2009 the government recommended that it be designated as an endangered species. Its habitat had been reduced to just Santa Clara County.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.D3)

1987        The year proved to be the warmest on record based on studies by NASA’s Goddard Inst. for Space Studies in New York, and by a team at the Univ. of East Anglia in Britain led by Thomas Wigley.
    (NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.74)

1987        Hawks Aloft Worldwide was conceived as a cooperative project by the Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, in Kempton, Pennsylvania.
    (NH, 10/96, p.41)

1987        Dr. Alastair Carruthers of Vancouver, BC, injected botulinum toxin into the forehead of his secretary Cathy Bickerton Swann to reduce her frown lines. The FDA approved Botox for a variety of conditions in 1989.
    (NW, 5/13/02, p.50)

1987        Cetus Corp. patented polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a process that turns small amounts of DNA into large amounts of DNA. The enzyme Taq, which helped to automate the process, was patented in 1989. In 1991 Roche purchased the Cetus patents for PCR and Taq.
    (SFC, 1/31/00, p.B1)

1987        Chiron Corp. discovered Hepatitis C and then used its patents to control the sale of tests for the bug [virus].
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.E5)

1987        Some 13,000 people fell ill in Carrollton, Ga., from the cryptosporidium parasite in contaminated tap water.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, Z1 p.5)

1987        The parasitic mite, Varroa jacobsoni, spread to America. The verroa mite first appeared west of the Mississippi. The bee parasite was first found in Java about a hundred years ago. It spread across the upper Midwest and in 1996 California almond growers advertised that they would pay $34 per colony for beekeepers to bring in honeybees. In 2005 the bee population fell by 50% in 6 months. The mite deforms honey bees and shortens their lifespan.
    (NH, 5/97, p.34)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.33)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-17)

1987        Geochemist Wallace Broecker of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory 1st suggested that a greenhouse induced shutdown of a current in the Atlantic Ocean (the thermohaline circulation) could trigger abrupt climate change and plunge much of Europe into a mini-ice age.
    (WSJ, 5/14/04, p.B1)

1987        Hundreds of bottlenose dolphins died from a morbillivirus infection and washed ashore in New Jersey. The disease spread to Florida in 1988 and more than 1,000 dolphins died. Another epidemic occurred in 1990 among striped dolphins in the Mediterranean.
    (SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A19)

1987        In Afghanistan Najibullah proposed a cease-fire, but the Mujahideen refused to deal with a "puppet government". Mujahideen made great gains, and the defeat of the Soviets was eminent.
    (www.afghan, 5/25/98)

1987        Argentina legalized divorce. Prior to this Argentineans went to Uruguay for divorces and continued to go there for legal abortions.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A14)
1987        Argentina passed a law that absolved most military personnel of their alleged crimes on the grounds that they were only following orders.
    (WSJ, 2/28/96, p.A-1)
1987        In Argentina the first fossils of a giant dinosaur were found by a rancher in Patagonia and later named Argentinosaurus.  It lived between 97 and 94 million years ago and is among the largest known dinosaurs.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentinosaurus)

1987        Australian businessman Alan Bond founded Bond University, the country’s first private higher education institution.
    (Econ, 6/13/15, p.62)
1987        Queensland, Australia, began using a random placement system of cameras to help control traffic.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.62)

1987        In Azerbaijan Pres. Aliyev resigned from the Soviet Politburo government.
    (WSJ, 12/18/96, p.A21)

1987        English playwright Caryl Churchill wrote “Serious Money," a dramatization of capitalist corruption.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.79)
1987        The 4th annual Turner Prize in art was awarded to Richard Deacon.
    (WSJ, 12/1/99, p.A24)
1987        "Moon Tiger," a novel by Penelope Lively won the Booker Prize.
    (WSJ, 9/20/96, p.A12)
1987        Jeffrey Archer, novelist and politician, won an $800,000 libel judgement from the Daily Star by arguing that he had made a $3,500 payment to prostitute Monica Coghlin, but had not slept with her. In 1999 it was reported that his friend Ted Francis had lied to support his argument.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A28)
1987        Margaret Thatcher privatized Rolls Royce.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.63)
1987        Britain’s Range Rover was introduced in the US. It was designed in the late 1960s by Charles Spencer King (1925-2010).
    (SSFC, 7/4/10, p.C9)
1987        Britain passed legislation governing animal experiments.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, p.A20)
1987        A group of black and Asian politicians were the first non-whites elected to the House of Commons in 65 years.
    (SFEC, 4/10/00, p.A27)
1987        Dr. Stephen Wolfram (b.1959), a British scientist, set up Wolfram Research with funds from a MacArthur “genius" award that he received in 1981. The company’s first product was Mathematic, a piece of software that automates mathematical processes.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.30)
1987        Standard Chartered PLC divested its South African holdings.

1987        The Sultan of Brunei, leader of the independent sultanate on the northern coast of Borneo, sent $10 million to support the Nicaraguan contras.
    (HNQ, 12/14/98)
1987        Marvin Davis (1925-2004), oil mogul and former owner of 20th Century Fox, sold the Beverly Hills Hotel to the Sultan of Brunei for a $65 million profit.
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.B7)

1987        Burma’s military junta withdrew most banknotes late this year. Dictator Ne Win withdrew various high denomination notes and replaced them with 45- and 90-kyat notes. The huge currency confiscation impoverished millions and sparked massive protests in 1988.
    (Econ, 10/6/07, p.44)(Econ, 11/12/16, p.39)

1987        In Canada the Meech Lake Accord was an attempt to modify the Constitution and give Quebec some special recognition. Quebec did not ratify it and it did not take effect.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.A12)

1987        Cecilia Bolocco of Chile won the Miss Universe crown.
    (WSJ, 8/3/01, p.A1)
1987        In Chile a secret police unit killed 12 members of a pro-communist urban guerrilla gang. In 2007 retired Col. Ivan Quiroz was convicted as a member of the secret police unit and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Sentenced along with Quiroz were 10 other agents of Dina, including its director at the time, retired Gen. Hugo Salas, who received a life sentence.
    (AP, 1/24/08)

1987        By this year China had stationed nine armies (approximately 400,000 troops) in the Sino-Vietnamese border region, including one along the coast. It had also increased its landing craft fleet and was periodically staging amphibious landing exercises off Hainan Island, across from Vietnam, thereby demonstrating that a future attack might come from the sea.
1987        China disbanded the engineers corp. of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.80)
1987        China’s Deng Xiaoping launched “Plan 863" to establish the country’s independence in strategic industries.
    (Econ, 11/12/16, SR p.11)
1987        Ren Zhengfei (b.1944) started Huawei, a Chinese maker of telecoms equipment firm, with just 21,000 yuan. By 2011 it employed 110,000 people and was the world’s 2nd largest company in the field, just behind Sweden’s Ericsson.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.80)(Econ, 8/4/12, p.20)
1987        In China Dr. Zhang JianDong produced a study on villages downstream from the JinZhou Ferroalloy Co. smelter, where large amounts of chromium waste was being spilled into the groundwater. His 2-decade study showed that villagers in the area had a higher death rate from all cancers and especially stomach and lung cancer. A 1997 report by the consulting firm ChemRisk, hired by PG&E Corp., said the results of Dr. Zhang’s study reflected lifestyle or environmental factors rather than exposure to chromium-6.
    (WSJ, 12/23/05, p.A1)
1987        Giant pandas in China were down to about 35 isolated populations in the wild, most of them of fewer than 20 pandas each. They were confined to the wooded mountains of Sichuan province, on the edge of the Tibetan plateau.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.52)

1987        Denmark recognized Copenhagen’s Christiana enclave, founded in 1971, as a social experiment. In 1991 the government gave residents the right to use the land. In 2006 the government proposed a plan to regularize housing in the enclave.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G3)
1987        Denmark passed a law that effectively barred the construction of collective facilities.
    (Econ., 1/23/21, p.25)

1987        In Ecuador members of the Tagaeri tribe killed Spanish Bishop Alejandro Lavaca and Colombian nun Ines Arango with poison-tipped spears. The 2 had been dropped in by an oil company helicopter to bring the word of god and discuss the arrival of oil workers.
    (SFC, 9/3/04, p.W2)

1987        In Egypt the opera "Aida" was staged at the Temple of Luxor by the company Opera on Original Site Inc.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)

1987        A major famine hit Ethiopia.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1987)

1987        The EU inked its first fishing deal with Mauritania.
    (WSJ, 1/18/07, p.A13)

1987        In Finland the conservative party broke 21 years of being in the opposition when it joined the Social Democrats in government.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

1987        Eurotunnel started trading on the Paris Bourse for $6.35 a share. It peaked in 1989 at $23.04, but in 2004 was down to 44 cents.
    (WSJ, 5/19/04, p.A1)
1987        The French CAC-40 stock market index began.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, SR p.3)
1987        In France the Monde Arabe (The Arab World Institute) was opened in Paris. The building at 1 Rue des Fosses Saint-Bernard was designed by Jean Nouvel.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T7)
1987        France ousted Libyan troops from a disputed area of northern Chad. In the proxy war, code-named Arid Farmer, France and the US backed government forces against Libyan troops.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/11/03, p.D8)

1987        William Koch of Germany paid some $500,000 for 4 bottles of French wine said to have been discovered in Paris in 1985 and allegedly once owned by Thomas Jefferson. By 2006 Koch’s investigations led him to believe they were fakes, which he attributed to Hardy Rodenstock (born as Meinhard Goerke), a German collector and dealer.
    (WSJ, 9/1/06, p.A1)
1987        An Ikea subsidiary in Berlin and an East German company contracted for Cuban prison labor to build 45,000 tables and 40,000 sofa groupings. The deal blossomed into a scandal in 2012 following reports of the deal by a German newspaper.
    (SFC, 5/11/12, p.A7)

1987        In Haiti Paul Farmer, American doctor and anthropologist, helped create a community-based health care system called Zanmi Lasante (Partners in Health). Partners In Health (PIH) was founded by Farmer, Thomas J. White, and Todd McCormack to support activities in Cange. In 2003 Tracy Kidder authored “Mountains Beyond Mountains," the story of Dr. Farmer. In 2004 Farmer authored “Pathologies of Power."
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.61)(www.pih.org/whoweare/history.html)(SFC, 2/8/08, p.E1)

1987        Hong Kong tycoon Adrian Zecha bought a piece of land in Phuket, Thailand, and started his Amanresorts for luxurious vacations.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.D1)
1987        Richard Elman founded Noble Group, a Hong Kong-based global trading firm named after Nobel House, a novel by James Clavell. By 2015 the company had annual sales of $86 billion.
    (Econ., 3/14/15, p.65)

1987        In India Bodo insurgents began attacking police and soldiers who protected the Muslim settlers in the tea-growing Assam state.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10)
1987        Pantaloon chain began operations as India’s 1st formal trouser brand. By 2006 the retail chain employed 12,000 people in over 100 shops.
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.70)

1987        In Iran the Baha’i Institute of Higher Education began following the virtual banning of Bahais from Iranian universities after the Islamic revolution of 1979.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A20)
1987        Iran acquired centrifuge designs for a uranium enrichment program that was similar to technology used in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.A3)

1987        Iraq restructured its security organizations. Hussein Kamel al-Majid, the son-in-law of Saddam Hussein, was placed in charge of the Special Security Organization and the research at Salman Pak.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.A18)
1987        Iraq reportedly tested a bomb 3 times designed to cast a radioactive cloud to weaken enemy units and cause slow death. It did not work and the project was abandoned.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A14)
1987        In Iraq a census counted some 1.4 million Christians. By 2007 some 1.25 million had moved out of Iraq leaving about 250,000 behind.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.55)

1987        In Ireland the Social Partnership Agreement was initiated. The 1st agreement, a Program for National Recovery, included a renewable 3-year pact between government, employers and unions that tied wage increases to the rate of growth.
    (SFC, 5/26/97, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Partnership)
1987        Crotty v. An Taoiseach was a legal action taken in 1987 by Raymond Crotty, historian and social scientist, against the Irish Government. The case directly led to the Tenth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland and established that significant changes to European Union treaties required an amendment to the Irish constitution (always done by means of a referendum) before they could be ratified by the state.

1987        Shabattai Kalmanovitch was arrested in Tel Aviv and charged with being a KGB spy and sentenced to nine years in prison for spying for the Soviet Union. He was released from prison after five years and returned to Russia.
1987        In Jerusalem, Israel, an ancient roadway was discovered that skirts the western foundation of the Temple Mount. A 534-yard tunnel was constructed to follow the roadway.
    (SFC, 9/25/96, p.A1)
1987        An Israeli parliamentary commission declared the Church of Scientology a cult, but the practice remained legal. In 2012 a new headquarters was built in Jaffa with some 200 staff and claims to serve thousands.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

1987        In Italy porn actress Ilona Staller (known by her stage name of Cicciolina), a member of the Radical Party, was successfully elected to parliament.
    (Reuters, 5/19/16)

1987        The Aum Shinri Kyo (Supreme Truth) cult was founded by Shoko Asahara. It was a combination of Christianity and Buddhism.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A14)
1987        Japan gave its tentative consent to co-develop a version of the US F-16 fighter jet.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)
1987        Japan began privatizing Japan National Railways, the state railroad monopoly.
    (WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)
1987        Japan privatized Japan Airlines (JAL). By 2001 it required 3 state bailouts.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.76)
1987        Toyota introduced All Trac models, featuring 4-wheel-drive, of Camry and other cars.
    (WSJ, 9/16/05, p.W12)

1987        The Lebanese Free Forces, a right-wing Christian militia, arranged to accept and store 15,800 barrels and 20 large containers of toxic chemicals from the Italian firm Jelly Wax in exchange for cash. Later German, Canadian and Belgium firms shipped in toxic chemicals for storage. By 1998 70% of the country’s drinking water sources was contaminated.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A10)(SFC, 9/30/98, p.A10)

1987        Malaysia’s PM Mahathir Mohamad (b.1925) locked up more than 100 critics under the colonial-era Internal Security Act.
    (Econ, 12/5/15, p.42)
1987        In Malaysia Sultan Iskandar (1932-2010), the 24th Sultan of Johor, was accused of causing the death of a golf caddy in Cameron Highlands by assault. He could not be prosecuted due to the immunity that was accorded to the rulers.
1987        In Malaysia women’s groups began campaigning for a law against wife-beating. A weak law was passed in 1994.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)

1987        Mauritius opened a stock exchange.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1987        In Mexico PRI chairman Munoz Ledo led a political split from the PRI party and helped form the PRD.
    (SFC, 9/2/97, p.A7)

1987        Olga Murray (62), a retired California Supreme Court research attorney, broke her leg while traveling in Nepal. Her hospital experience led her to support another young patient and then to found her Nepalese Youth Opportunity Foundation. Her efforts grew to fight the use of young girls as domestic slaves. In 2006 the Nepalese Supreme Court past token legislation outlawing the “kamlari" system, which indentured young girls.
    (SSFC, 2/8/09, p.A17)

1987        In the Netherlands the first campaign to alter social norms of condom use focused on a number of Dutch celebrities who use condoms themselves.
1987        In the Netherlands art works by David Teniers, Willem van de Velde, Jan Brueghel the Younger, Eva Gonzales, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro and Paul Desire Trouillebert were stolen from the Noortman gallery in Maastricht. In 2009 police recovered eight of the paintings and arrested 3 suspects.
    (AP, 3/8/09)
1987        In the Netherlands heavy floods inundated the town of Valkenburg as the Geul River overflowed.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A5)

1987        Andy Krieger sold short more kiwis than the entire money supply of New Zealand. The kiwi collapsed and Krieger banked his profits.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.108)

1987        In North Korea work began on the pyramid-shaped, 105-story Ryugyong Hotel in Pyongyang. Two new walkways to the hotel, the world’s tallest unoccupied building.
    (SFC, 8/1/17, p.A4)

1987        Pakistan claimed a nuclear bomb-building capability.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A15)

1987        Pres. Alfredo Stroessner lifted the state of siege in Asuncion, Paraguay.
    (SFC, 8/17/06, p.A10)

1987        A new constitution for the Philippines was drafted with checks and balances to prevent a return to strongman rule.
    (Econ, 7/3/04, p.20)
1987        The Philippines abolished the death penalty. Capital punishment was reimposed in 1994 in response to widespread crime.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A13)
1987        In the Philippines the government seized some 22 billion pesos from billionaire Lucio Tan alleging in court Tan conspired with Dictator Marcos to acquire them illegally. On June 13, 2012, an anti-graft court ruled that the seizure, about $520 million at current exchange rates, was illegal.
    (AFP, 6/14/12)
1987        Ben Chan introduced his 1st Bench clothing store in the Philippines. By 2005 it grew to over 300 stores and opened up its 1st US store in Daly City, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/4/05, p.C1)

1987        Singapore’s MRT train system began operations.
    (AP, 3/22/16)

1987        In South Korea Roh Tae Woo agreed to hold presidential elections after weeks of student democracy demonstrations. Democracy started to take root and suppression of worker unions ended. The year marked the end of 26 years of dictatorship.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A10)(SFC, 8/26/96, p.A11)(SFC,12/15/97, p.B2)
1987        Lim Kook-Jae (33), a South Korean fisherman, was abducted in the Yellow Sea. In 2008 he died at one of the North's political camps in the northeastern port of Chongjin after failed attempts to escape.
    (AFP, 10/13/08)

1987        In the Soviet Union Gorbachev introduced the terms glasnost and perestroika.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1987)
1987        The Soviet Oka car was launched.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.94)
1987        Russia recorded its first case of AIDS. By 1997 the number rose to 7,000. By 2008 the number reached 430,000.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.14)

1987        South African legislator Frederik Van Zyl Slabbert (1940-2010) led a delegation of white South Africans to Senegal to meet the African National Congress (ANC), which was banned in South Africa.
    (AP, 5/14/10)

1987        In South Korea fellow opposition leaders Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung split the opposition vote in the country’s first democratic elections. This allowed Chun Doo-hwan’s handpicked former army general Roh Tae-woo to win.
    (SFC, 11/23/15, p.C4)
1987        In South Korea Lee Kun-hee took the helm of Samsung following the death of his father, founder of the company. By 2015 annual revenues were over $300 billion.
    (Econ, 5/23/15, p.51)

1987        Spain passed law making Oct. 12 the national holiday.
    (AP, 10/12/21)

1987        In Suriname Desi Bouterse was forced by international pressure to give up power and allow the return of a democratically elected government.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

1987        Syria sent troops into West Beirut to enforce a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)

1987        Rebel leaders of a Thailand southern insurgency were offered general amnesty.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.A7)

1987        The Int’l. Istanbul Biennial was founded. It is organized by the Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts.
1987        The NATO sec.-gen’l. negotiated a Turkish-Greek dispute.
    (WSJ, 10/8/01, p.A14)

1987         A UN Convention Against Torture was established.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A18)
1987        The Member States of the World Health Organization created World No Tobacco Day to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and the preventable death and disease it causes. The World Health Assembly passed Resolution WHA40.38, calling for 7 April 1988 to be "a world no-smoking day." In 1988, Resolution WHA42.19 was passed, calling for the celebration of World No Tobacco Day, every year on 31 May.
    (www.who.int/tobacco/wntd/previous/en/index.html)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.62)

1987-1989 In Sri Lanka thousands of leftists were killed in attempts to topple the government. In 2000 a retired general and 2 aides went on trial for the deaths and disappearances.
    (WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A1)
1987-1989    In Venezuela inflation rose for 3 years under price controls established by Pres. Jaime Lusinchi. Inflation rose from 16% to 40% eventually topping 100% after the controls were lifted.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaime_Lusinchi)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.38)

1987-1991    Gen. Ramon Guillen Davila headed the CIA-financed Venezuelan National Guard antinarcotics group. During his tenure 1-2 tons of cocaine were smuggled into the US. He was indicted by a federal grand jury in Miami in 1996.
    (WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A12)(SFC, 11/23/96, p.A2)

1987-1992    ChevronTexaco used the services of James Giffen to gain exclusive rights to study the Tengiz oil field. Kazakstan paid his Mercator corp. some $67 million from 1994-2000 for consulting work. In 2003 Giffen was indicted under the 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.
    (SFC, 4/7/03, p.A14)

1987-1992    Earl Edwin Pitts, a senior FBI agent, was arrested on espionage charges in 1996. He was most active as a Russian spy over this period.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A1)

1987-1993    In Burundi Pierre Buyoya, a Tutsi paratrooper, became the military president.
    (SFC, 8/26/96, p.A4)

1987-1993    The Intifada, a stone-throwing revolt against Israel, began in Gaza’s Jebaliya refugee camp. The Ansar-3 detention camp in the Negev Desert was one of a number established to hold Palestinian men arrested in the uprising. In 1998 the documentary film "Diogenes: Ansar 3" was produced by Hans Fels and Eitan Wetzler of The Netherlands and Israel.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A12)(Cinemayyat, 2000)

1987-1998    Chester D. Turner, a pizza delivery man, raped and strangled at least 10 women in South Los Angeles. In 2004 DNA Turner (39) was charged with 10 murders based on DNA evidence. Turner was already serving an 8-year sentence for rape when DNA linked him to the serial killings. In 2007 he was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 10/27/04)(SFC, 7/11/07, p.B10)

1987-2001    In France Michel Fourniret, dubbed the "Ogre of the Ardennes", admitted in his trial to murdering, raping and kidnapping seven young girls and women during this period. His wife, Monique Olivier, was accused of helping him trap the victims. In 2008 Fourniret (66) and Olivier (59) were convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the murders.
    (AFP, 5/26/08)(AFP, 5/28/08)

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