Timeline 1984

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1984        Jan 1, The break-up of AT&T took place as the telecommunications giant was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an antitrust agreement. 8 new companies were formed including US West.
    (AP, 1/1/98)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A7)(www.corp.att.com/history/history4.html)
1984        Jan 1, The Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), a unilateral and temporary United States program initiated by the 1983 "Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act" (CBERA) came into effect and aimed to provide several tariff and trade benefits to many Central American and Caribbean countries.

1984        Jan 2, A record 281,981 dominoes were toppled at Furth, W. Germany.

1984        Jan 4, The NBC sitcom "Night Court" began airing and continued to 1992.

1984        Jan 6, Texaco offered $125 per share for Getty oil stock superseding the Pennzoil offer of $112.50 per share. It became the biggest merger on record.
    (SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)

1984        Jan 10, Clara Peller (1902-1987) 1st asked: "Where's the Beef?," as part of a TV ad for Wendy’s.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Where's_the_beef%3F)(AH, 6/07, p.11)
1984        Jan 10, The United States and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations for the first time in 117 years.
    (AP, 1/10/98)(HN, 1/10/99)
1984        Jan 10, In Colorado Patricia Louise Smith (50) was killed by a hammer blow in Lakewood. About a week later another hammer was used to kill Bruce and Debra Bennet and their daughter (7) in Aurora. In 2018 DNA evidence identified Alexander Christopher Ewing, a Nevada inmate, as the killer. In 2021 Ewing was convicted in the decades-old hammer and knife murders.
    (SFC, 8/11/18, p.A6)(Fox News, 8/7/21)

1984        Jan 13, Arizona inmate Robert Henry Moormann beat, stabbed and suffocated his adoptive mother, Roberta Moormann (74), who allegedly sexually abused him into adulthood. He was out of prison in Florence on furlough for another crime, the kidnapping and molesting of an 8-year-old girl in 1972. Robert Henry Moormann was executed in 2012.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

1984        Jan 14, Ray Kroc (b.1902), founder of MacDonalds and owner San Diego Padres, died.

1984        Jan 15, Police raided the vacation home of Paul and Linda McCartney (1941-1998) following a tip. Both were arrested on possession of cannabis.

1984        Jan 17, The US Supreme Court sided with Sony and ruled, 5 to 4, that the private use of Sony’s Betamax home video cassette recorders to tape television programs did not violate federal copyright laws because they were “capable of substantial non-infringing uses."
    (AP, 1/17/02)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.E1)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.57)

1984        Jan 19, In SF seven Municipal Railway workers were arrested by police who saw them skimming money from locked fare boxes at the Kirkland yard near Fisherman’s Wharf. Estimates of losses for the year ran from $500,000 to $2 million.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, DB p.50)

1984        Jan 20, Johnny Weissmuller (79), Romania-born US swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28), movie actor (Tarzan), died in Acapulco, Mexico. In 2002 his son (1940-2006) published “Tarzan, My Father."
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9076468)(SFC, 7/31/06, p.B4)

1984        Jan 22, The American TV series "Airwolf" premiered with Jan-Michael Vincent.

1984        Jan 24, Apple Computer Inc unveiled its Macintosh personal computer. It included sound-sampling technology that could play recorded sounds. The CPU had a speed of 8 MHz and 128k of RAM. It sold for $2,495.
    (WSJ,11/14/94, p.R26)(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.B1)(SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)

1984        Jan 25, President Reagan endorsed the development of the first U.S. permanently manned space station.
    (HN, 1/25/99)

1984        Jan 29, President Ronald Reagan announced that he would run for a second term.
    (HN, 1/29/99)
1984        Jan 29, It was reported that SF Muni administrators were rushing to implement a $1.9 million security plan due to major losses from lax security at its maintenance yards.
    (SSFC, 1/25/09, DB p.50)
1984        Jan 29, The Soviets issued a formal complaint against alleged U.S. arms treaty violations.
    (HN, 1/29/99)

1984        Jan, The US stock market began a 7 month decline of 15%.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)
1984        Jan, An FBI lie detector test was administered to Wen Ho Lee, a scientist at Los Alamos. He failed an initial test to determine whether he had contact with foreign intelligence services or inappropriately shared information. He passed a 2nd test.
    (SFC, 5/6/99, p.A1)
1984        Jan, In Nigeria Arthur Judah Angel (21) was beaten and thrown behind bars when he went to visit a friend who had been taken into custody at a neighborhood police station. He failed to pay a bribe and was sentenced to death. During his time in prison he made drawings and witnessed the hangings of over 450 fellow inmates. After a series of appeals he was released in February 2000. Rights groups from around the world have used his surviving 51 death row works to lobby for the abolition of the death sentence.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
1984        Jan, The Soviet KGB reaffirmed a priority that was set by the Kremlin after the second world war: “Our chief task is to help frustrate the aggressive intentions of American imperialism… We must work unweariedly at exposing the adversary’s weak and vulnerable points."
    (Econ, 12/17/16, p.24)

1984        Feb 2, In Venezuela Pres. Jaime Lusinchi took office as the country’s 57th president and continued to 1989.

1984        Feb 3, The Environmental Protection Agency ordered a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain products.
    (HN, 2/3/99)
1984        Feb 3, Ravindra Mhatre, India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was kidnapped in Birmingham, England. His body was found on Feb 5. A group calling itself the Kashmir Liberation Army claimed responsibility and demanded a ransom of 1 million pounds ($1.84 million) and the release of political prisoners in India.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(http://tinyurl.com/az5uudh)

1984        Feb 7, Space shuttle astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart went on the first untethered space walk.
    (AP, 2/7/97)

1984        Feb 8, Winter Olympics opened in Sarajevo.
    (HN, 2/8/98)
1984        Feb 8, Philippe Aries (b.1914), French medievalist and historian of the family and childhood, died. His books included Essais sur l'histoire de la mort en Occident: du Moyen Âge à nos jours, Seuil (1975). English translation: Western Attitudes Toward Death from the Middle Ages to the Present. Patricia M. Ranum (translation). Johns Hopkins University Press. 1974.

1984        Feb 9, Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov (69) died, less than 15 months after succeeding Leonid Brezhnev. He was succeeded by Konstantin U. Chernenko. US Pres. Ronald Reagan said he wouldn’t go to any memorial for Andropov: “I don’t want to honor that prick."
    (AP, 2/9/99)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.75)

1984         Feb 10, Kevin Andrew Collins (9) was abducted from a SF street corner. The child’s picture was among the 1st to appear on milk cartons across the country. By 2007 Kevin's whereabouts were still unknown, and there were no new leads in the 23 year-old case. The strain of Kevin's disappearance and the search for their son eventually led Kevin’s parents, David and Ann Collins, to divorce. Suspect Dan Therrien (51) died in 2008.
    (www.crimeandjustice.us/forums/lofiversion/index.php?t26.html)(SFC, 2/10/06, p.B6)(SFC, 2/7/13, p.A9)

1984        Feb 11, Mohammad Maqbool Butt, founder of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), was hanged in New Delhi's Tihar jail for the murder of intelligence officer Ravindra Hareshwa Mhatre. In 2004 Mohammed Aslam (49) was charged with the kidnap, false imprisonment and murder of Mhatre.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(AFP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/11/13)

1984        Feb 13, Virginia Hannon, a cook at an elementary school in Pembroke, Massachusetts, was found dead in her home. She had been beaten, stabbed and strangled. In 2021 DNA evidence collected from Aylward’s body definitively linked Jesse Aylward (d.2020) to the crime scene and proved that he was responsible for Hannon’s brutal death.
    (AP, 3/20/21)
1984        Feb 13, Konstantin Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.
    (HN, 2/13/98)(AP, 2/13/98)

1984        Feb 14, 6-year-old Stormie Jones became the world's first heart-liver transplant recipient at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. She lived until November 1990.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
1984        Feb 14, Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean of Britain won the gold medal in ice dancing at the Sarajevo Olympics.
    (AP, 2/14/04)
1984        Feb 14, In South Africa under Apartheid rule the Black community at Mogopa was displaced in a "force removal" action. Some 300 homes and a cluster of community buildings were bulldozed over.
    (WSJ, 3/10/00, p.A1)

1984        Feb 15, Ethel Merman (76), singer, actress (Kid Million), died in her sleep.

1984        Feb 19,  The USSR performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan, Semipalitinsk.

1984        Feb 22, A 12-year-old Houston boy known publicly only as "David," died 15 days after being removed from the bubble for a bone-marrow transplant. He had spent most his life in a plastic bubble because he had no immunity to disease.
    (AP, 2/22/04)
1984        Feb 22-1984 Mar 16, Iran’s offensive Operation Kheibar captured the Iraqi Majnoon Islands in the Haur al-Hawizeh marshes. Britain and the US sent warships to the Persian Gulf following an Iranian offensive against Iraq.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran-Iraq_War)

1984        Feb 23, Two oceanic conservation groups reported that SF Bay Area fishermen have caught only 10-12% of their 10,000 ton herring quota as they passed more than halfway through the fishing season. Quotas had doubled since 1977 and they were concerned that the herring stocks may be at the point of no return. The herring was harvested primarily for their roe, which fetched up to $500 a ton and was eagerly sought by Japanese consumers.
    (SSFC, 2/22/09, DB p.54)

1984        Feb 25, In Cubatao, Sao Paulo, Brazil, an explosion from a gasoline leak in a pipeline burned a nearby shantytown with than 500 deaths.
    (HSAB, 1994, p.46)

1984        Feb 26, Reverend Jesse Jackson acknowledged that he had called NYC: "Hymietown."

1984        Feb 26, Last US marines in multinational peace-keeping force in Lebanon left Beirut.

1984        Feb 28, New Hampshire held its presidential primary. Ronald Reagan won with 86.1% of the total vote. Gary Hart won the Democratic tally over Walter Mondale and John Glenn.
    (www.politicallibrary.org/TallState/1984rep.html)(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)

1984        Feb 29, Liberace's palimony suit was thrown out of court.
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A1)(www.bobsliberace.com/decades/1980s/1980s.html)
1984        Feb 29, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau announced he was stepping down after more than 15 years in power.
    (AP, 2/29/00)
1984        Feb 29-1984 Mar 1, In one of the largest battles of the Iran-Iraq war, the two armies clashed and inflicted more than 25,000 fatalities on each other.
1984        Feb 29, In Switzerland a court ruled that the villagers of Zermatt owned the Matterhorn.
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A1)

1984        Feb, During a truth commission in Kenya in 2011 human rights groups and residents said up to 3,000 people died in February 1984 in a government-sanctioned operation meant to crack down on ethnic Somalis who were holding illegal weapons. The killings occurred at Wagalla airstrip, a town some 310 miles (500 km) northeast of Nairobi.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
1984        Feb, Ravindra Mhatre, India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was murdered in Birmingham, England. A group calling itself the Kashmir Liberation Army claimed responsibility and demanded a ransom of 1 million pounds ($1.84 million) and the release of political prisoners in India.
    (AP, 11/4/04)

1984        Mar 1, NASA launched Landsat-D Prime (Landsat 5) to map the Earth.
1984        Mar 1, Jackie Coogan (b.1914), actor (Uncle Fester-Addams Family), died.

1984        Mar 2, One of the first McDonald's franchises was closed in Des Plaines, IL.

1984        Mar 3, Peter Ueberroth (b.1937) was elected baseball commissioner, effective Oct 1.

1984        Mar 5, The US Supreme Court ruled that cities have the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display.
    (HN, 3/5/98)
1984        Mar 5, The US accused Iraq of using poison gas against Iran. Iraq had used tabun against Iran. This was the first use ever of a nerve agent in war.
1984        Mar 5, Tito Gobbi (b.1923), Italian baritone (Scarpia in Tosca), died.

1984        Mar 6, Martin Niemoller (92), German U-boat captain, anti-Nazi minister, died.

1984        Mar 12, Lebanese President Gemayel opened the second meeting in five years calling for the end to nine-years of war.
    (HN, 3/12/98)

1984        Mar 15, The acquittal of a Miami police officer on charges of negligently killing a ghetto youth sparked a rampage by angry blacks in Miami; 550 people were arrested.

1984        Mar 16, William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen; he died in captivity.
    (AP, 3/16/97)
1984        Mar 16, Mozambique and South Africa signed a pact banning support for one another's internal foes.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1984        Mar 17, Iraq used tabun against Iran. This was the first use ever of a nerve agent in a conventional battle.

1984        Mar 19, The TV show "Kate & Allie" premiered.
1984        Mar 19, The SS Mobil Oil spilled 200,000 gallons of oil into the Columbia River near Longview.

1984        Mar 20, An indictment was unsealed against Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitching star, on various charges of racketeering.  McLain was named in all the indictment's five counts, which accused him of racketeering, conspiracy, extortion, possession and distribution of cocaine, and conspiracy to import cocaine. He would face up to 90 years in prison if convicted of all the charges.

1984        Mar 21, A ground-breaking ceremony was held as part of NYC’s Central Park was named Strawberry Fields honoring John Lennon.
1984        Mar 21, A Soviet submarine crashed into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan.
    (HN, 3/21/98)

1984        Mar 25, Jose Napoleon Duarte (1925-1990), a Christian Democrat political moderate, was elected president of El Salvador following 5 years of military rule.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvadoran_presidential_election,_1984)(SSFC, 3/15/09, p.A7)

1984        Mar 26, US Congress established the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to distribute funds for wildlife and environmental projects.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A8)(www.fws.gov/laws/laws_digest/NATLFW.HTML)

1984        Mar 27, "Starlight Express," a techno musical, roller-skating venture by Andrew Lloyd Weber and Richard Stilgoe, premiered at the Apollo Victoria Theatre, London.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.C6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starlight_Express)

1984        Mar 28, Zoe, the 1st frozen-embryo child, was born in Melbourne, Australia. Scientists reported the birth 2 weeks later.

1984        Mar 29, The NFL Baltimore Colts moved to Indianapolis.

1984        Mar, A storm system spawned 22 twisters in the Carolinas that killed 57 people, including 42 in North Carolina, and injured hundreds.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
1984        Mar, William Potts, on a Miami-bound Piedmont Airlines flight that originated in Newark, N.J., pushed his call button and gave the flight attendant a note saying he had two accomplices aboard with explosives. He hijacked the plane to Cuba, where he was arrested and served 13½ years in prison. In 2013 he returned to the US to face piracy charges.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oayj9do)(Reuters, 11/6/13)
1984        Mar, Hafez Assad, president of Syria, appointed his brother Rifaat as one of Syria's three Vice-presidents (a relatively powerless position) and issued a decree transferring his command of the Defense Companies to another military officer.

1984        Apr 1, Stewart Brand and Larry Brilliant launched the Well (Whole Earth ‘Lectronic Link) in Sausalito. In La Jolla, Ca., Larry Brilliant, physician and head of Network Technologies Int’l. in Michigan, pitched the idea for a public computer conferencing system to Stewart Brand, publisher of the Whole Earth Catalog. Their meeting led to the 1985 founding of "The Well" online service that operated as a collection of conferences. It used the PicoSpan conferencing software. In 2001 Katie Hafner authored "The Well: A Story of Love, Death and Real Life in the Seminal Online Community."
    (Wired, 5/97, p.100)(SSFC, 5/27/01, DB p.69)
1984        Apr 1, Marvin P. Gay Sr. (d.1998 at 84) shot and killed his son, Motown singer Marvin Gaye during an argument in Los Angeles. It was one day before the singer’s 45th birthday. Gaye’s hit songs included "I Heard It Through the Grapevine," "What’s Going On," and "Let’s Get It On." Mr. Gay pleaded voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 5 years probation.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B6)

1984        Apr 3, Coach John Thompson of Georgetown University became the first African-American coach to win an NCAA basketball tournament.
    (HN, 4/3/99)

1984        Apr 5, In California Tina Faelz (14) was stabbed to death in a culvert under I-680 while she was walking home from school in Pleasanton. Fellow students discovered her body shortly afterward. On Aug 8, 2011, the Pleasanton Police Department announced that Steven J. Carlson (43), a former classmate of the Foothill High student has been arrested in her killing. In 2012 his case was transferred to adult court. On Oct 30, 2014, Carlson was convicted of first-degree murder. In 2020 Carlson wrote letters confessing to the murder.
    (SFC, 8/9/11, p.A1)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.C3)(SFC, 10/31/14, p.D2)(SSFC, 10/25/20, p.A1)
1984        Apr 5, Arthur Travers ("Bomber") Harris (b.1892), marshal of British RAF, died.

1984        Apr 6, Pioneer Courthouse Square opened in Portland.
    (SFC, 7/24/97, p.A6)
1984        Apr 6, 1st time 11 people in space.
1984        Apr 6, In SF Joan Baldwin (43) was killed and mutilated at an Earl Scheib paint shop at 555 Bryant St. In 2006 police arrested parolee Dwight Culton (57) based on DNA evidence.
    (SFC, 11/22/06, p.B4)

1984        Apr 7, Frank Church (b.1924), Sen-D-Idaho, (1957-81), died.

1984        Apr 8, In the 4th Golden Raspberry Awards: “The Lonely Lady" won.

1984        Apr 10, The US Senate condemned the January CIA mining of Nicaraguan harbors.
1984        Apr 10, In San Francisco Mei “Linda" Leung (9) was kidnapped, raped and killed. Her body was found hanging over a pipe in the baxement of her apartment building at 765 O’Farrell St. In 2009 DNA evidence tied Richard Ramirez (b.1960), known as the “Night Stalker," to her murder. The evidence also indicated a possible 2nd attacker.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A1)

1984        Apr 11, Konstantin U. Chernenko (1911-1985) was named Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

1984        Apr 13, Pete Rose, playing for the Montreal Expos, became the 1st NL baseball player to get 4,000 hits in a career, joining Ty Cobb to become only the second player to enter the 4000 hit club.
1984        Apr 13, Christopher Wilder, FBI's "most wanted man," accidentally killed himself.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1984        Apr 15, William Empson (b.1926), English literary critic and poet, died. His 1950 book, “Seven Types of Ambiguity," changed literary criticism. In 2005 John Haffenden authored “William Empson: Volume I, Among the Mandarins." In 2006 Haffenden completed Vol II, “William Empson: Against the Christians."
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.79)(www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=1427)(WSJ, 12/23/06, p.P10)

1984        Apr 16, In San Francisco nearly 200 people were arrested as some 1,000 demonstrators protested the noon speech by Henry Kissinger as the SF Hilton Hotel. “I believe that, within the next 12 to 15 months, there is every possibility that significant negotiations with the Soviet Union will start."
    (www.commonwealthclub.org/archive/84/84-04kissinger-speech.html)(SSFC, 4/12/09, DB p.43)

1984        Apr 17, Yvonne Fletcher (25), a British police officer, was killed from rifle shots fired from a window of the Libyan embassy in London during a demonstration against Moammar Khadafy. Diplomatic relations were soon severed and not restored until 1999. Libya later gave Fletcher’s family some compensation. In 2004 a joint British-Libyan investigation into the murder was launched. In 2009 Moamer Kadhafi officially apologized for the shooting. In 2011 it was reported that a witness had identified Abdulmagid Salah Ameri, a junior diplomat working in the administrative section, as firing a gun from an embassy window. On Nov 19, 2015, a Libyan was arrested on suspicion of conspiracy in the Fletcher case. In 2021 Saleh Ibrahim Mabrouk, a former official in Muammar Gadhafi’s government, jointly responsible for the killing. Lawyers said Mabrouk did not fire any shots, but was “instrumental" in the plan to use violence during the antigovernment protest.
    (SFC, 7/8/99, p.A8)(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C12)(AP, 4/7/04)(AFP, 10/26/09)(AFP, 8/26/11)(SFC, 11/20/15, p.A5)(AP, 11/16/21)

1984        Apr 20, Julie Connell (18), a senior at Arroyo High School, disappeared in Hayward. Her body was found 5 days later in Palomares Canyon near Castro Valley. In 2000 DNA evidence revealed that Robert Rhoades (47), a Yuba City man on death row, had kidnapped, raped and stabbed her to death. Rhoades was convicted in 2007.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.A14)(SFC, 3/13/07, p.B3)(SFC, 4/11/07, p.B4)

1984        Apr 22, The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said French researchers had discovered that a virus causes AIDS. Scientists identified a retrovirus named human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the cause of AIDS.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A20)(www.avert.org/his81_86.htm)
1984        Apr 22, Ansel Adams (b.1902), US photographer, died in Monterey, Ca. He was best known for his black and white photographs of California's Yosemite Valley.

1984        Apr 23, US Health Secretary Margaret Heckler said the AIDS-virus was identified as the cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. [see Apr 21]

1984        Apr 24, Apple leaders Steve Jobs. Steve Wozniak and John Scully introduced the new $1295 Apple IIc personal computer at San Francisco’s Moscone Center.
    (SFC, 3/25/17, p.C1)

1984        Apr 25, Richard Benedict (b.1920), Italian-born TV and film actor, died of a heart attack.

1984        Apr 26, Pres. Reagan arrived in China for the start of a 6-day visit.
1984        Apr 26, An earthquake hit the SF Bay Area. It measured 6.2 on the Richter scale and was centered in Morgan Hill.
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, DB p.54)
1984        Apr 26, William "Count" Basie, jazz piano great, died on his 80th birthday.  Joe Williams sang "Come Sunday," Duke Ellington’s prayer for the liberation of Afro-American people, at the funeral. Conald "Tee" Carson replaced Basie as the head of the Count Basie Orchestra.
    (SFEM, 10/5/7, p.10)(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A21)(MC, 4/26/02)

1984        Apr 27, In Oregon Billy Gilley Jr. (28) murdered his parents and sister (11) with a baseball bat and ran away with his sister Jody (16). She soon contacted the police and Billy was arrested. In 2008 Kathryn Harrison authored “While They Slept: An Inquiry into the Murder of a Family."
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.E3)

1984        Apr 28, "La Tragedie de Carmen" closed at Beaumont Theater in NYC after 187 performances.
1984        Apr 28, Silvia A. Warner (b.1908), New Zealand-born writer, died. Her 1958 novel “Spinster" was made into the 1961 film “Two Loves" (also known as The Spinster) starring Shirley MacLaine.

1984        Apr, Chinese launched renewed attacks against Vietnam.
1984        Apr, In the Dominican Rep. rioting erupted over austerity measures and dozens were left dead.
    (AP, 12/26/10)
1984        Apr, India sent troops to occupy the Siachen glacier following suspicious mountaineering expeditions from Pakistan. Over the next 15 years some 10,000 Indian and Pakistani casualties, largely due to frostbite and mountain sickness, resulted.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A25)

1984        May 1, Gordon Jenkins (b.1910), orchestra leader (NBC Comedy Hour), died of Lou Gehrig's disease in Malibu, Ca.

1984        May 6, Nicolas Ardito Barletta was elected president of Panama. Gen. Manuel A. Noriega reportedly rigged the elections.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicol%C3%A1s_Ardito_Barletta_Vallarino)(Econ 6/3/17, p.82)

1984        May 7, A $180 million out-of-court settlement was announced in the Agent Orange class-action suit brought by Vietnam veterans who charged they had suffered injury from exposure to the defoliant. A consortium of Dow Chemical and other manufacturers paid $184 million to veterans from the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand but not South Korea.
    (AP, 5/7/97)(SFC, 11/17/99, p.A18)

1984        May 8, The album "Legend," the greatest hits by Bob Marley (1945-1981) and the Wailers, was released. It became the best-selling reggae record of all time.
1984        May 8, The Thames Barrier was officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Total construction cost was around £534 m (£1.3 billion at 2001 prices) with an additional £100 m for river defenses. It was the world's largest movable flood barrier until Netherlands completed the Oosterscheldekering in 1986.
1984        May 8, USSR announced it would not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.
    (HN, 5/8/98)

1984        May 9, In San Francisco a 5-alarm fire engulfed the structures on Pier 30-32 along the Embarcadero at the foot of Bryant Street. Damages were estimated at $2.5 million.
    (SSFC, 5/3/09, DB p.50)(SSFC, 5/10/09, DB p.50)

1984        May 10, The International Court of Justice said the U.S. should halt any actions to blockade Nicaragua's ports. The U.S. had already said it would not recognize World Court jurisdiction on this issue.
    (AP, 5/10/04)

1984        May 14, Jeane Sauve was appointed as the 23rd governor-general of Canada. She was the first woman to hold this position.
    (CFA, '96, p.80)

1984        May 15, Thomas Albright (48), art critic for the SF Chronicle, died. He had just completed his book “Art in the San Francisco Bay Area 1945-1980."
    (SSFC, 5/10/09, DB p.50)
1984        May 15, Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino in Atlantic City, NJ, began operating as Harrah's at Trump Plaza. Five months after opening, the name was changed to simply Trump Plaza. Operations continued until September 16, 2014.

1984        May 16, Andy Kaufman (35), comedian, died of cancer. He played Latka Gravas in the TV sitcom Taxi.
    (AP, 5/9/04)
1984        May 16, Irwin Shaw (b.1913), US writer (Rich Man, Poor Man), died in Switzerland.

1984        May 17, A federal bailout of $4.5 billion kept the Continental Illinois Bank afloat. The 7th biggest US bank’s loss of half its funds overnight led to America’s return to strict capital requirements. Continental Illinois was later sold to BankAmerica.
    (WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A16)(Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.12)(http://tinyurl.com/358vwv)
1984        May 17, Marvin Creamer (1916-2020) returned to New Jersey completing a 513-day, 30,000-mile round-the-world odyssey in a 36-foot cutter with a small crew without navigational instruments.
    (NY Times, 8/18/20)(Econ., 8/29/20, p.74)

1984        May 19, Michael Larson (1949-1999) won $110,000 on the "Press Your Luck" Game Show. He had memorized the generated game patterns.
1984        May 19, John Betjeman (b.1906), British poet, died. In 2004 Bevis Hillier authored a 3-volume biography of Betjeman. In 2006 A.N. Wilson authored a single volume biography.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Betjeman)(WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P8)

1984        May 20, "On Your Toes" closed at the Virginia Theater in NYC after 505 performances.
1984        May 20, Peter Bull (72), British actor (Dr Doolittle), died of a heart attack.

1984        May 25, Piet Ketting (b.1904), Dutch pianist, conductor, composer, died.

1984        May 26, A frisbee was kept aloft for 16.72 seconds by Don Cain of Philadelphia.

1984        May 28, President Reagan led a state funeral at Arlington National Cemetery at the Tomb of the Unknowns for an unidentified American soldier killed in the Vietnam War. The remains were unearthed in 1998 for DNA testing and possible identification. They were later identified as those of Air Force First Lieutenant Michael J. Blassie, and were sent to St. Louis for hometown burial.
    (AP, 5/28/97)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/28/01)

1984        May 29, Eric Morecambe (b.1926), British comedian (Morecambe & Wise), died.

1984        May 30, There was an assassination attempt on Eden Pastora Gomez, a Nicaraguan anticommunist revolutionary, by Sandinistas. The Costa Rica government of Luis Alberto Monge Alvarez failed to make a serious investigation. Two Costa Ricans, four Nicaraguan rebels and US journalist Linda Frazier were killed and more than 20 other people were wounded in the attack at the village of La Penca, near the Nicaraguan border. In 2011 a former Nicaraguan official confirmed that Vital Gaguine (d.1989), a leftist Argentine guerrilla, had been hired by the Sandinistas to kill Pastora.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Penca_bombing)(WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A19)(AP, 8/26/11)

1984        May, Marta Healy, a Nicaraguan exile, contacted George Morales, a champion power boat racer and big-league drug trafficker under indictment in the US, to arrange a meeting with contra rebels at her Miami home. Her aim was to broker a deal to help the rebels financially. The rebels got an ok from the CIA to accept airplanes and cash from the drug dealer while still receiving CIA money under the table.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A7)(www.usdoj.gov/oig/special/9712/ch11p1.htm)
1984        May, Hafez Assad, president of Syria, sent his brother Rifaat on a working visit to the USSR and ousted Rifaat’s associates at home. Rifaat moved to Geneva and began conspiring against the regime, reportedly meeting with Yasser Arafat, his brother's arch enemy at the time. Rifaat spent most of his time in France, Switzerland and Spain, though he retained the nominal position of vice-president until February 1998. He returned to Syria in 1992 following the death of his mother and stayed there off and on until 1998, when he again went into exile.

1984        Jun 1, "Tattletales" second run, TV Game Show; last aired on CBS.
1984         Jun 1, President Ronald Reagan visited Ireland.

1984        Jun 2, B.A. Skiff discovered asteroid #3617.

1984        Jun 3, In San Francisco the cable cars on California Street returned to service after nearly 20 months and $58.2 million in re-design and construction costs.
    (SSFC, 5/31/09, DB p.50)

1984        Jun 4, DNA was successfully cloned from a quagga, an animal extinct since 1883.

1984        Jun 5, In North Carolina the body of Reesa Trexler (15) was found nude in a bedroom at her grandparents' house. She had been stabbed multiple times, and her spinal cord was severed. In 2019 DNA evidence identified an unnamed suspect who had died in 2007.
    (ABC News, 12/4/19)
1984        Jun 5, Indira Gandhi ordered an attack on Sikh's holiest site, the Golden Temple.

1984        Jun 6, In India government forces stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to crush Sikh extremists. At least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed. On Feb 4, 2014, Britain acknowledged that it had played an advisory role to India’s government in the attack.
    (AP, 6/6/04)(AP, 2/4/14)

1984        Jun 7, George Givot (b.1902), actor (Versatile Vaudeville), died.

1984        Jun 12, In San Francisco the Huntington Falls at Stow Lake in Golden Gate Park was again turned on after being rebuilt for $846,000 under a state grant. The 1893 falls had collapsed in 1962 and were turned off for 22 years.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, DB p.46)

1984        Jun 18, Alan Berg, a Denver radio talk show host, was shot to death outside his home. Two white supremacists of the Aryan Nations Church were convicted of civil rights violations in the slaying in 1987.
    (AP, 6/18/97)(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)(SFC, 7/26/02, p.A26)

1984        Jun 19, The first live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline).

1984        Jun 22, Richard Branson led the inaugural flight of his Virgin Airlines from London to Newark, NJ.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, SR p.10)

1984        Jun 24, In San Francisco the 12th annual Lesbian/Gay Freedom Parade drew an estimated 300,000 observers and participants.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)

1984        Jun 25, In Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. the US Supreme Court court gave agencies wide latitude to interpret laws when they are vaguely written. This became known as the “Chevron deference".
    (http://tinyurl.com/ybe4s6o8)(Econ, 3/4/17, p.19)

1984        Jun 26, Carl Foreman (b.1914), producer, writer (Born Free, High Noon), died of cancer.
1984        Jun 26, Michel Foucault (b.1926), French philosopher (History of Sexuality), died in Paris of an AIDs-related illness.

1984        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ended the NCAA monopoly on college football telecasts, ruling such control violated antitrust law.
    (AP, 6/27/04)

1984        Jun 28, In Angola the wife and daughter of activist Marius Schoon were killed by a parcel bomb. It was sent by Craig Michael Williamson (b1949), a former South African police major, who was exposed as a spy in 1980.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)

1984        Jun 29, In San Francisco Hoffman’s Grill on Market Street closed to make way for a 19-story office building.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, DB p.50)

1984        Jun 30, Lillian Hellman (b.1905), writer, died in Massachusetts. Her work included the play "The Little Foxes" (1939), and her memoirs "Scoundrel Time" (1976) and "Pentimento" (1973). The 1977 film "Julia" was based on a chapter from Pentimento which described Muriel Gardiner, an American medical student at the Univ. of Vienna active in anti-Nazi resistance. In 2005 Deborah Martinson authored “Lillian Hellman: A Life with Foxes and Scoundrels." In 2012 Alice Kessler-Harris authored “A Difficult Woman: The Challenging Life and Times of Lillian Hellman."
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.A28)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.82)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.91)
1984        Jun 30, Hedayat Eslaminia, a former government official under the Shah of Iran, disappeared while living in exile in Belmont, Ca. The family had reportedly fled Iran with a fortune in 1978. Hedayat (57) suffocated and died in a steamer trunk. His son Reza (26), a member of the "Billionaire Boys Club," was later charged with the abduction and murder. Reza was convicted and sentenced to life. In 1992 Joe Hunt, head of the club, was also tried for the killing of Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced a mistrial. In 1998 Rexa's conviction was overturned based on unfair evidence and a new trial was scheduled. Arben Dosti’s conviction was reversed in 1998. A new trial was scheduled for Oct. in San Mateo. In 2000 charges against Reza Eslaminia were dismissed.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A24)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)
1984        Jun 30, John Turner, Liberal Party, was sworn in as Canada's 17th prime minister, succeeding Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
    (CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 6/30/04)

1984        Jun, In Nevada Gerald Gallego was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death. Charlene Williams, his former accomplice and mother of his child, testified against Gallego. They were involved in sex-slave murders in the late 1970s. Charlene was released from prison in 1997.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)(SFC, 1/21/02, p.B2)

1984        Jul 1, Hollywood imposed its PG-13 rating to cover the middle ground between "PG" for parental Guidance and "R" for restricted movies.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, DB p.55)(http://tinyurl.com/2o8j3o)
1984        Jul 1, In Germany Richard von Weizsaecker (1920-2015) became president and continued to 1994.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_von_Weizs%C3%A4cker)(AP, 1/31/15)

1984        Jul 3, The US Supreme Court ruled that Jaycees may be forced to admit women as members.
1984        Jul 3, Raoul Salan (b.1899), French general, OAS leader (Algeria), died. Salan was one of the four Generals who organized the 1961 Algiers Putsch operation, and then founded the Organization armée secrète (OAS) terrorist group.

1984        Jul 4, The NY Yankee Phil Niekro became the 9th pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters.

1984        Jul 5, The Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old "exclusionary rule," deciding that evidence seized with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1984        Jul 9, A fire destroyed the roof in the south transept of the 12th century York Minster. Around £2.5 million was spent on repairs. Restoration work was completed in 1988, and included new roof bosses to designs which had won a competition organized by BBC Television's Blue Peter program.

1984        Jul 12, Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announced he had chosen U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running mate; Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major party ticket.
    (AP, 7/12/97)(HN, 7/12/98)
1984        Jul 12, Madonna's "Like a Virgin" video premiered on MTV and became an instant hit.

1984        Jul 14, Al Schacht (91), baseball player, died. He was known as the Clown prince of baseball. The former Washington Senators pitcher turned top hat jester had entertained the crowd before twenty-five World Series and eighteen All-Star Games.

1984        Jul 18, Walter F. Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
    (AP, 7/18/99)
1984        Jul 18, James Huberty (41) opened fire at a McDonald's fast-food restaurant in San Ysidro, Calif., killing 21 people before being shot dead by police.
    (AP, 7/18/97)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)

1984        Jul 19, U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York won the Democratic nomination for vice president at the party's convention in San Francisco. Pasqua Coffee sold 16,000 cups of premium coffee from a pushcart at the Moscone Center. Ferraro soon found herself tarred by the controversial business relationships of her husband, John Zaccaro.
    (AP, 7/19/97)(SFEM, 8/1/99, p.8)(Econ, 3/11/06, p.54)

1984        Jul 20, James Fixx (b.1932), jogger and writer, died of a heart attack while running in Vermont. His books included “The Complete Book of Running" (1977).

1984        Jul 21, In Jackson, Michigan, a male die-cast operator (34) was pinned by a hydraulic Unimate robot. He died after 5 days.

1984        Jul 23, Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign her title, because of nude photographs published in Penthouse magazine.
    (AP, 7/23/98)

1984        Jul 24, In American Fort, Utah, Ron and Dan Lafferty stabbed to death their sister-in-law, Brenda Lafferty, and her daughter Erica, aged 15 months. In 2003 Jon Krakauer authored "Under the Banner of Heaven," an account of the murder and the Mormon background of the Laffertys.
    (WSJ, 7/11/03, p.W15)

1984        Jul 25, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. She carried out more than 3 hours of experiments outside the orbiting space station Salyut 7.
    (AP, 7/25/97)

1984        Jul 26, Ed  Gein (b.1906), mass murderer (movie "Psycho" based on him), died.

1984        Jul 28, The summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles for the second time. The Russians along with Cuba and Eastern Bloc countries boycotted the 23rd modern Olympic games. Iran and Libya also boycotted the games. Taiwan returned under the name Chinese Taipei. China appeared for the first time since 1952. The US won 83 gold medals, Romania was 2nd with 20. Women were allowed to compete in the Olympic marathon for the 1st time. Joan Benolt of the US won. The 1st Olympic Guide was published this year by David Wallechinsky. The 5th edition came out in 2000.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.R6)(SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.4)(WSJ, 7/28/00, p.W9)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.F1)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.R2)
1984        Jul 28, Bess Flowers (b.1898), American film actress, died.

1984        Jul 30, Holly Roffey (11 days old) received a heart transplant in England. She died on Aug 17.
1984        Jul 30, The British tanker Alvenus spilled 2.8 million gallons of oil at Cameron, La.

1984        Jul, In Australia Margaret Tapp was strangled and her daughter Seana raped and later killed. In 2008 Melbourne police withdrew charges against Russell John Gesah, accused in the murders, after DNA evidence used against him was found to have been taken elsewhere and mistakenly tested with samples from the Tapp murder scene.
    (Reuters, 8/7/08)

1984        Jul-1985 May, Seven men, three women and two children were tortured killed in Calaveras County, Ca., at the home of Leonard Lake as part of "Project Miranda," inspired by the John Fowles novel, "The Collector." Lake killed himself with cyanide during a police interview. Charles Ng was arrested in Canada in 1985 for stealing and extradited to the US after 6 years for his role in the murders.
    (SFC,10/18/97, p.A13)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.A5)

1984        Aug 3, In Pennsylvania Barbara Rowan (14) was raped and killed. Her body was found two weeks after she went missing in Bensalem, Bucks County. In 2015 George Franz Shaw (55) and Robert Scott Sanders were arrested for her rape and murder.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ngrbarn)(AP, 10/2/15)

1984        Aug 4, In Germany Robert Brown (24), a former American soldier, struck Nicola Stiel (19) and raped her, then strangled her to prevent her from reporting the rape. In 2009 Brown was extradited to Germany to face charges that he raped and murdered the woman near where he worked on a US military base in Hesse state.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

1984        Aug 5, At the Summer Olympics in LA Joan Benoit (b.1957), American runner, won the first gold medal in the new women's marathon event.
    (https://tinyurl.com/4b7cdztt)(SSFC, 8/8/21, p.F9)
1984        Aug 5, The body of Pamela Cahanes, a US Navy recruit, was found strangled and dumped in an overgrown field in central Florida. In 2019 Thomas Garner (61) of Jacksonville was arrested after investigators developed a DNA profile in the cold case. In 2021 Garner also came up as a preliminary DNA match in a September 1982 murder in Honolulu. Garner, who was stationed in Hawaii from April 1980 until October 1982.
    (AP, 5/5/21)
1984        Aug 5, Stage and film actor Richard Burton (58) died of a cerebral hemorrhage at a hospital in Geneva, Switzerland. In 2012 “The Richard Burton Diaries," edited by Chris Williams, were published.
    (AP,  8/5/97)(SSFC, 11/11/12, p.F5)

1984        Aug 11, In LA, Ca., Carl Lewis (b.1961) duplicated Jesse Owens' 1936 feat with 4 Olympic track gold medals.
1984        Aug 11, President Reagan sparked controversy when he joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address: "My fellow Americans, I'm  pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in  five minutes."
    (AP, 8/11/97)(www.yaf.com/Reagan.shtml)
1984        Aug 11, Alfred A. Knopf (91), US publisher, died.
1984        Aug 11, Percy Mayfield (b.1920), songwriter and blues artist, died. His songs included "Hit the Road Jack" and "Please Send Me Someone to Love."

1984        Aug 12, In San Francisco a driver on an apparent suicide mission smashed head-on into a packed cable car climbing the Hyde Street hill. The driver, an Iranian alien, was killed and at least 23 people were injured.
    (SSFC, 8/2/09, DB p.42)

1984        Aug 14, IBM released PC DOS version 3.0.

1984        Aug 16, A federal jury in Los Angeles acquitted auto maker John Z. DeLorean of trafficking in cocaine due to entrapment.

1984        Aug 18, A Triangle Oil Corp. above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville, Fla., spilled 2.5 million gallons of oil and burned after lightning sparked a fire.

1984        Aug 22, The Republican convention in Dallas renominated Ronald Reagan.
1984        Aug 22, In Fairfield, Ca., Clark Handa (3) was abducted from his home. The kidnapper left a note demanding money, but no one ever contacted the family and Clark was never seen again. On April 25, 2016, Michael Fejarang (55), a state prison inmate serving time for child molestations, was charged with the kidnapping.
    (SFC, 4/27/16, p.D2)
1984        Aug 22, The VW plant at Westmoreland, Pa., produced its last Volkswagen Rabbit.

1984        Aug 25, Truman Capote (59), American novelist, playwright, and short story writer, died in the arms and guest bedroom of Johnny Carson’s ex-wife, Joanne. His autobiographical novella, "The Grass Harp," was made into a film directed by Walter Matthau in 1996. He also authored "Other Voices, Other Rooms," and "Breakfast At Tiffany’s." In 1997 George Plimpton published his biography: "Truman Capote." In 2004 Gerald Clarke edited: “Too Brief a Treat: The Letters of Truman Capote."
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.C3)(WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A21)(SFEC,12/14/97, p.D9)(AP, 8/25/99)(SSFC, 9/19/04, p.M3)
1984        Aug 25,  The USSR performed an underground nuclear test.

1984        Aug 27, President Reagan announced the Teacher in Space project.

1984        Aug 30, In Florida NASA launched the US space shuttle Discovery on its 1st mission.

1984        Aug 31, San Francisco 19 plainclothes police officers raided Lord Jim’s bar at 1500 Broadway and arrested the owner. Patrons and employees were detained for up to 90 minutes as police checked for warrants. Attorney William Barfield, one of those detained, later filed 5 of six damage claims totaling 375,000 against the city. Proposed settlements in 1988 included $63,500 for a dozen people in the first batch of lawsuits.
    (SSFC, 9/20/09, DB p.50)(SSFC, 10/13/12, DB p.46)
1984        Aug 31, In southern California Ebora Alexander (57), the mother or 49ers star Kermit Alexander, was shot dead along with his sister and two nephews. Tiequon Cox, a member of the Rollin’ 60 Crips, was later convicted of the murders and sentenced to death. Two others were sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/12/11, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiequon_Cox)

1984        Sep 1, Howland Chamberlain (b.1911), American film actor, died in Oakland, Ca.

1984        Sep 2, "Zorba" closed at the Broadway Theater in NYC after 362 performances.

1984        Sep 4, Canada's Progressive Conservatives, led by Brian Mulroney, won a landslide victory in general elections over the Liberal Party of Prime Minister John N. Turner.
    (AP, 9/4/04)

1984        Sep 5, Robert S. Laurent (1933-2004) received a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and was kept alive for 8 days by the electric heart assist pump until a new heart became available. Dr. Peer M. Portner (d.2009 at 69) of Stanford Univ. pioneered the device.
    (http://sanjose.bizjournals.com/sanjose/stories/2009/02/09/daily110.html)(SFC, 2/25/09, p.B6)

1984        Sep 6, Lanford Wilson's play "Balm in Gilead," written in 1965, premiered in NYC.

1984        Sep 9, Walter Payton of the Chicago Bears broke Jim Brown's combined yardage record by reaching 15,517 yards.

1984        Sep 10, British scientist Alec Jeffreys and colleagues discovered that x-ray images of bits of DNA showed patterns unique to individuals. Jeffries, a geneticist at Leicester Univ., and his research team found that DNA sequences, specific to individuals, could be identified as visible bands. He dubbed his findings DNA fingerprinting. This led to the use of DNA to solve thousands of crimes.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, TQ p.34)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.A17,20)

1984        Sep 13, Simon Peres formed an Israeli government with Likud. A national unity government (Likud and Labor) was formed.
    (SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(http://tinyurl.com/2vs7e2)

1984        Sep 14, Richard Brautigan (49), writer, died from self-inflicted gunshot wound in Bolinas, Ca. His work included "Trout Fishing in America" (1967) and A Confederate General from Big Sur" (1964). In 1989 Keith Abbott authored the biography: "Downstream from Trout Fishing in America: A Memoir of Richard Brautigan." In 1999 Edna Webster published "The Edna Webster Collection of Undiscovered Writings." In 2004 Greg Keeler authored “Waltzing with the Captain: Remembering Richard Brautigan. In 2012 William Hjortsberg authored “Jubilee Hitchhiker: The Life and Times of Richard Brautigan."
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.E1)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M3)(SFC, 4/16/12, p.E2)
1984        Sep 14, Janet Gaynor (77), the first actress to win an Academy Award (1929), died in San Francisco. She had never fully recovered from a car crash in 1982. Her 34 movies included “Seventh Heaven" and the first “A Star Is Born."
    (SSFC, 9/13/09, DB p.46)
1984        Sep 14, In Georgia Taressa Stanley, a clerk at a Quickie convenience store in Warner Robbins, was killed during a robbery. Police soon arrested Timothy R. Johnson (22) and reportedly frightened him into pleading guilty. Georgia’s Supreme Court overturned Johnson’s conviction in 2006 and he was freed in 2013 after a new jury found him not guilty on all charges.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nwxssoz)(SFC, 11/12/15, p.A7)

1984        Sep 15, Henry Charles Albert David, Prince of Wales, 3rd in British succession, was born.

1984        Sep 17, Oil heir Gordon P. Getty, with a fortune of $4.1 billion dollars, was named the richest person in the US. There were a dozen billionaires in the US at the time.
1984        Sep 17, Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney took office as Canada's 18th prime minister.
    (AP, 9/17/99)

1984        Sep 19, Britain and China completed a draft agreement on transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997.
    (AP, 9/19/99)

1984        Sep 20, The TV sitcom "Cosby Show" with Bill Cosby premiered on NBC-TV.
    (SSFC, 2/11/01, BR p.1)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0086687/)
1984        Sep 20, In Maine a fire killed an adult and 4 children in Hartland.
1984        Sep 20, A suicide car bomber attacked the US Embassy annex in north Beirut. 24 people were killed including 2 US soldiers.
    (http://beirut.usembassy.gov/lebanon/beirut_memorial.html)(AP, 9/20/97)(SFC, 9/12/01, p.A7)

1984        Sep 21, In Cleveland, Ohio, Romell Broom (b.1956) raped a murdered Tryna Middleton (14) after abducting her at knife-point as she walked home from a football game with friends. His execution in 2009 was delayed as executioners failed to find a good vein for lethal injection. In 2017 a court re-scheduled his execution for June 17, 2020.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romell_Broom)(SFC, 5/24/17, p.A6)

1984        Sep 24, San Francisco's Hard Rock Café opened at 1699 Van Ness Ave. This was the chain's third outpost in the US and the sixth in the world. In 2002 it moved to Pier 39.
    (SFC, 3/7/02, p.B1)(SFC, 9/22/18, p.C1)

1984        Sep, In southern California a man was stabbed to death while sleeping with his girlfriend in his pickup truck. Girlfriend Saladena Bishop later identified Andrew Wilson as the murderer. In 2017 a judge threw out the conviction. In 2017 Wilson (63), who served 32 years of a life term, filed a civil rights lawsuit accusing Detective Richard Marks of leading the witness to falsely identify him.
    (SFC, 7/6/18, p.D7)

1984        Oct 1, Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumed after a 2-year hiatus.

1984        Oct 2, Richard W. Miller became the first FBI agent to be arrested and charged with espionage. Miller was tried three times; he was sentenced to 20 years in prison, but was released after nine years.
    (AP, 10/2/04)

1984        Oct 8, Attorney Cherie Barnard found Gary Grady, health club owner and drug dealer, shot to death in Novato, Ca. Later the same day Barnard’s husband Robert Rogers was found dead of an apparent suicide in the Berkeley Marina. In 2005 Barnard and Rogers were implicated in the 1979 murder of Robert Pfiel (27) in Wisconsin.
    (SFC, 10/17/05, p.A1)

1984        Oct 9, A cooperation agreement between the European Community and the Yemen Republic was signed in Brussels.

1984        Oct 11, August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," premiered in NYC.
1984        Oct 11, Space shuttle Challenger astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan (b.1951) became the first American woman to walk in space.
    (AP, 10/11/97)(www.astronautix.com/astros/sullivan.htm)

1984        Oct 12, The US Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 was signed into law. It established the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund to receive the proceeds of forfeiture and to pay the costs associated with such forfeitures.
1984        Oct 12, The IRA bombed the hotel where PM Margaret Thatcher was staying in Brighton. Thatcher escaped but five people were killed. Patrick McGee was sentenced to 8 life sentences for his role in the bombing. McGee was freed in 1999 as part of the Northern Ireland peace accord.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(SFC, 6/23/99, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/bxt64)

1984        Oct 14, In the Baseball World Series the Detroit Tigers beat the San Diego Padres.

1984        Oct 15, The Central Intelligence Agency's Freedom of Information Act was signed into law by Pres. Reagan.

1984        Oct 16, In France Gregory Villemin (4) was found drowned in the Vologne River in the eastern Vosges region with his hands and feet tied. A suspect identified as “the Crow" was never caught. On June 16, 2017, The great aunt and uncle of boy were charged with his kidnapping, raising hopes that a case that has gripped the country could finally be solved. Jacqueline Jacob (72) and her husband Marcel Jacob (71) were arrested on June 14 following handwriting analysis of an anonymous threatening letter sent to Gregory's father in 1983.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.C3)(AFP, 6/16/17)
1984        Oct 16, Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Archbishop in South Africa, won the Nobel Peace Prize for his decades of non-violent struggle for racial equality.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.32)(AP, 10/16/04)

1984        Oct 18, Jon-Erik Hexum (b.1957), actor, died by a gun loaded with blanks. His films included “The Bear" (1984).
1984        Oct 18, Henri Michaux (b.1899), Belgian poet and painter, died. In 1954 he became a citizen of France, and he lived the rest of his life there along with his family. In 1965 he won the National Prize of Literature, which he refused to accept. His books included “Miserable Miracle" and “The Major Ordeals of the Mind and the Countless Minor Ones."

1984        Oct 19, In Palo Alto, Ca., Dennis Anderson (50) used a shotgun to kill Donald Mason, the former boyfriend of his 20-day wife, and then beat and blasted his wife, Karen Stoker-Anderson. He was convicted of double murder in 1985 but the ruling was overturned on the basis of mental incompetence in 1995 and a retrial began in 1997. Anderson was sentenced 17 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 1/18/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.D2)
1984        Oct 19, Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish priest and dissident, was kidnapped by three secret police officers after celebrating his last mass in Bydgoszcz, central Poland. The priest was tortured to death before his body was thrown into the Vistula river, 120 km. north of Warsaw [see Oct 30, Dec 27]. Popieluszko was beatified in 2010.
    (www.wordiq.com/definition/Jerzy_Popieluszko)(AFP, 6/6/10)

1984        Oct 20, Paul Dirac (b.1902, British physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1933), died in Florida. His equations predicted the existence of antimatter. In 2009 Graham Farmelo authored “The Strangest Man: The Hidden Life of Paul Dirac."
    (Econ, 1/24/09, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Dirac)

1984        Oct 21, Francois Truffaut (b.1932), French film director (Fahrenheit 451), died of brain cancer. In 1999 Antoine de Baecque and Serge Toubiana published "Truffaut: A Biography."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Truffaut)(SFEC, 5/9/99, DB p.53)(SFEC, 6/27/99, BR p.4)

1984        Oct 23, Oskar Werner (b.1922), Austrian actor (Fahrenheit 451), died of a heart attack.

1984        Oct 24, In NYC 11 members of Colombo crime family were indicted.

1984        Oct 25, The genetic organization of the Hepatitis B virus was published.

1984        Oct 26, "Baby Fae," a newborn with a severe heart defect, was given the heart of a baboon in an experimental transplant in Loma Linda, Calif. Baby Fae lived 21 days with the animal heart.
    (AP, 10/26/99)

1984        Oct 30, Police in Poland found the body of kidnapped pro-Solidarity priest Father Jerzy Popieluszko, whose death was blamed on four security officers.
    (AP, 10/30/04)

1984        Oct 31, The oil tanker Puerto Rican exploded in the Gulf of the Farallones off the coast of San Francisco spilling 2 million gallons of oil as the ship caught fire. A bomb was believed to have caused the blast 10 miles west of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (www.ibrrc.org/Puerto_Rican_spill_1984.html)(SSFC, 11/1/09, DB p.42)
1984        Oct 31, In Decatur, Illinois, 2 young girls were assaulted and killed. In 2009 DNA evidence revealed that Melvin Johnson (d.2003) was the murderer.
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.A4)
1984        Oct 31, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated near her residence in New Delhi by two Sikh members of her bodyguard. This sparked Hindu-Sikh clashes across the country. Four days of anti-Sikh rioting followed in India. The government said more than 2,700 people, mostly Sikhs, were killed, while newspapers and human-rights groups put the death toll between 10,000 and 17,000. In 2002 Katherine Frank authored the biography "Indira."
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 10/31/97)(http://tinyurl.com/ypb6kl)(WSJ, 2/13/02, p.A18)

1984        Oct, In China the Communist Party announced economic reforms, a plan to lift government price subsidies and promised to relax party control over enterprises.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1984        Oct, Jaroslav Seifert of Czechoslovakia won the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (SFC, 3/30/02, p.A19)
1984        Oct, Richard Stone of Great Britain, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for contributions to the development of systems of national accounts.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
1984        Oct, Simon van der Meer (1925-2011), Dutch physicist, and Carlo Rubbia (b.1934), Italian physicist, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to the CERN project which led to the discovery of the W and Z particles, two of the most fundamental constituents of matter.
    (Econ, 3/19/11, p.96)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_van_der_Meer)

1984        Nov 1, Norman Krasna (b.1909), American writer and film producer, died of a heart attack. The 1947 film “Dear Ruth" was based on his writings.

1984        Nov 2, Paul Cosner disappeared from the SF Bay Area following a planned sale of a 1980 Honda Prelude at his Marin Motors. The car was identified Jun 2, 1985 in the hands of Leonard Lake and Charles Ng. As many as 25 people were believed killed by Lake and Ng at a compound in Calaveras County, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/25/98, p.A5)
1984        Nov 2, Velma Barfield (b.1932), convicted of the fatal poisoning of her boyfriend, was put to death by injection in Raleigh, N.C. She was the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.
    (AP, 11/2/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velma_Barfield)

1984        Nov 3, In India some 2,733 people died nationwide over the last 3 days from attacks on Sikhs after Gandhi was shot dead. The bodyguards who killed her sought revenge for her decision to send the army to flush Sikh separatists out of the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
    (AP, 10/31/04)(http://iref.homestead.com/Delhi84.html)

1984        Nov 4, Nicaragua held its 1st free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas won by a margin of 63%. Daniel Ortega won the presidency under the Sandinista Liberation Front. Sergio Ramirez served as his vice-president until 1990.
    (SFC, 5/6/96, p.A-10)(WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)

1984        Nov 6, President Ronald Reagan was re-elected. Reagan beat Mondale in the landslide of 1984 with 97.6% of the Electoral College and over 58% of the popular vote. It almost matched the 1936 landslide of Roosevelt over Landon.
    (HN, 11/6/98)(HNQ, 11/7/00)

1984        Nov 7, San Francisco’s memorial to the Holocaust was formally dedicated in Lincoln Park. It included a sculpture by George Segal depicting a pile of white bronze corpses.
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, DB p.46)

1984        Nov 9, The Vietnam Veterans statue, “Three Soldiers" by Frederick Hart (1943-1999), was unveiled in Washington DC on Veterans Day.
    (http://www.440.com/twtd/archives/nov09.html)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.C4)

1984        Nov 11, The Rev. Martin Luther King Sr. (84), father of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta.
    (AP, 11/11/04)

1984        Nov 12, Space shuttle astronauts Dale Gardner and Joe Allen snared a wandering satellite in history's first space salvage. The Palapa B-2 satellite was secured in Discovery's cargo bay for return to Earth.
    (AP, 11/12/04)

1984        Nov 13, In San Francisco the body of Masataka Kobayashi, chef and co-owner of the Masa’s restaurant on Bush Street, was found dead at his Knob Hill apartment. His restaurant became an immediate sensation when it opened in 1983.
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, DB p.46)

1984        Nov 14, The Space Shuttle Discovery crew rescued a second satellite.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1984        Nov 15, Baby Fae died 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1984        Nov 18, The Soviets helped deliver U.S. wheat during the Ethiopian famine.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1984        Nov 19, Near Mexico City, Mexico, 5 million liters of liquefied butane exploded at a storage facility killing some 500 people.
    (HSAB, 1994, p.46)(AP, 11/19/07)

1984        Nov 20, McDonald's made its 50 billionth hamburger.

1984        Nov 22, Fred Rogers (1928-2003) of PBS' "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood" presented his sweater to  the Smithsonian Institution.

1984        Nov 25, William Schroeder of Jasper, Ind., became the 2nd man to receive a Jarvik-7 artificial heart, at Humana Hospital Audubon in Kentucky. He lived 620 days on the device.
    (AP, 11/25/04)   

1984        Nov 26, US and Iraq resumed diplomatic relations after Pres. Reagan met with Deputy PM Tariq Aziz.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A11)
1984        Nov 26, The San Francisco Chronicle first reported on cellular phone technology. Cellular phone service came to the SF Bay Area in 1985 with phones costing between $1900 and $4100 for installation in a car with a $39 per month base price.
    (SFC, 9/8/18, p.C1)

1984        Nov 28, President Ronald Reagan signed a document called Presidential Determination Act #85-2, allowing private satellites to compete in the Intelsat market. Orion Network Systems had nudged the US government for permission to launch a private, international telecommunications satellite (private domestic satellites are a separate and fairly common thing).
1984        Nov 28, Republican Robert Dole was elected Senate majority leader.
    (HN, 11/28/98)
1984        Nov 28, Hans Speidel (b.1897), German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-63), died.

1984        Nov, Commander Donnie Cochran became the first African American to become the leader of the Navy’s Blue Angels. He resigned from his position on May 28, 1996 after citing personal training difficulties.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, A3)
1984        Nov, The CIA told the US Congress in 1987 that it had concluded in Nov., 1984, that it could not resume aid to the Costa Rican-based Contras because "everybody around Pastora was involved in cocaine."
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A7)
1984        Nov, The US FDA formally approved the marketing of the 3M/ House cochlear implant, to provide hearing by the electrical stimulation of the auditory system.
1984        Nov, In Uruguay Julio María Sanguinetti of the Colorado Party won the presidential election. Pres. Gregorio Alvarez resigned on February 12, 1985.

1984        Dec 3, More than 4,000 people died and 200,000 were injured after a gas escaped from a pesticide plant operated by a Union Carbide subsidiary in Bhopal, India. 40 tons of vaporous methyl isocyanate, hydrogen cyanide, monomethyl amine, carbon monoxide and possibly 20 other chemicals were released after an explosion. Over the years, according to the Indian government, some 15,000 people have died from effects of the gas. In 2011 India issued notices to Dow seeking payment of $1.7 billion, on top of $470 million already paid, due to the lingering effects of the poison.
    (WSJ, 11/27/96, p.A1)(HN, 12/3/98)(SFEC, 3/5/00, p.A23)(AP, 12/3/04)(SFC, 3/1/11, p.A2)

1984        Dec 4, A five-day hijack drama began as four armed men seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran, where the hijackers killed American passenger Charles Hegna.
    (AP, 12/4/04)

1984        Dec 8, Robert Matthews (b.1953), co-founder for the neo-Nazi called The Order, was shot and killed by FBI agents on Whiebey Island, Washington. His “Silent Brotherhood" was a small extremist far right group that engaged in a multistate crime wave in this period. The group was also associated with the Aryan Nations Church. His life was fictionalized in the TV movie “Brotherhood of Murder" (1999).
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Jay_Mathews)

1984        Dec 9, In Iran a five-day hijack drama ended when Iranian commandos captured the Kuwaiti plane. 4 armed men had seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran, where the hijackers killed American passenger Charles Hegna.
    (AP, 12/4/04)

1984        Dec 10, It was reported that a creosote bush in California’s Mojave Desert was determined to be 11,700 years old.
1984        Dec 10, South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu received the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.32)(AP, 12/10/99)
1984        Dec 10, The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (the “Torture Convention") was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations (resolution 39/46). The Convention entered into force on 26 June 1987 after it had been ratified by 20 States.
    (http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CAT.aspx)(Econ 6/3/17, p.55)

1984        Dec 11, Kimberly Billy (19) of Stockton, Ca., went missing. Her remains were found in 2012 in a compacted well in Linden, Ca., and attributed to Speed Freak Killers Wesley Shermantine and Loren Herzog.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.C1)

1984        Dec 13, In Peru 123 people, including men, women and children from area farming communities, were slaughtered at Putis, in Ayacucho province. Army soldiers suspected the farmers supported guerrillas with the Shining Path. According to a later government-appointed truth commission, the military offered Putis as a safe haven for people fleeing Shining Path rebels in the region. Soldiers then tricked villagers into digging their own grave and killed them on suspicion of ties to the guerrillas. In 2008 a Peruvian forensics team began excavating a mass grave containing the remains of 123 men, women and children killed by the military at Putis. In 2009 DNA tests identified 28 of 92 bodies, including 15 women and five children.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(AFP, 5/30/08)(AP, 2/26/09)(AP, 8/30/09)

1984        Dec 14, Howard Cosell retired from Monday Night Football.
1984        Dec 14, The maiden flight of NASA’s X-29, a forward swept wing aircraft, took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.24)

1984        Dec 17, Gerd Heinrich (b.1896), recognized as one of the world’s leading authorities on the subfamily Ichneumoninae (wasps), died. In 2007 his son Bernd Heinrich authored “The Snoring Bird: My Family’s Journey Through a Century of Biology."

1984        Dec 19, The NY Times reported that  33 unknown Bach keyboard works had been found in the Yale library and authenticated by Harvard professor Christoph Wolff.
1984        Dec 19,  Near Orangeville, Utah, 27 miners died in a coal mine fire due to a faulty air compressor at the Wilberg Mine.
    (SFC, 9/25/01, p.A14)(AP, 12/19/04)
1984        Dec 19, British PM Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang signed an accord to return Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty on Jul 1, 1997. China pledged to grant Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy in everything but foreign affairs and national defense and permit it to retain its capitalist system for 50 years. This laid the ground for Hong Kong’s Basic Law.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.11)(Econ, 10/10/15, p.42)

1984        Dec 22, Bernhard Goetz shot at four black teens who attempted to rob him in a New York subway. He later claimed self-defense and was acquitted of attempted murder in 1987 in a trial where lawyer William Kunstler represented Darrel Cabey, who was paralyzed in the shooting. 3 other wounded teens, James Ramseur, Barry Allen, and Troy Canty went to jail.
    (SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-3)(AP, 12/22/98)

1984        Dec 27, Geologist Roberta Score found the Martian meteorite labeled Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 while snowmobiling in the Antarctic. The 4.5 billion year old rock was knocked of Mars by an asteroid some 16 million years earlier and landed in Antarctica some 13,000 years before Score’s find.
    (PacDis, Winter ’97, p.29)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.M6)
1984        Dec 27, Four Polish officers were tried for the slaying of Reverend Jerzy Popieluszko.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1984        Dec 29, Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi claimed victory in parliamentary elections. The BJP entered the parliament for the first time with 2 seats.
    (http://tinyurl.com/338zok)(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)

1984        Dec 31, NYC subway gunman Bernhard Goetz surrendered to police in NH.

1984        Dec, Zhang Ruimin took over the helm of the Haier Group Co, a failing appliance manufacturer in China’s port city of Qingdao. He turned the operation around with modern refrigerator-making equipment from Germany. In 2004 Fortune magazine rated Zhang Ruimin as one of the 25 most powerful business people outside America.
    (WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A1)(Econ, 3/20/04, p.72)
1984        Dec, In Nicaragua Fernando Cardenal (1934-2016), a Catholic priest and the new  education minister for the Sandinista government, was expelled from the Jesuit order. He left the Sandinista National Liberation Front in 1995 and was reinstated as a Jesuit in 1997.
    (Boston Globe, 2/26/16, p.B7)
1984        Dec, In Spain the Socialist government permanently shuttered its nuclear facilities.
    (WSJ, 5/10/96, p.A-5D)

1984        A 60-by-13-foot tile mural was created by Romare Beardon for a Pittsburgh subway station. In 2008 the mural was valued at $15 million as the station faced demolition.
    (WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A2)

1984        In Chicago J.S.G. Boggs (b.1955) exchanged the sketch of a dollar bill for a cup of coffee and received 10 cents change. This began his career drawing money for a living. In 1999 Lawrence Wechsler published "Boggs: A Comedy of Values."
    (WSJ, 8/11/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/14/09, p.W8)

1984        Frederick Hart (d.1999 at 56) had his "Three Soldiers" sculpture erected at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington DC.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C4)

1984        Martin Kippenberger, German artist, made his oil, silicon on canvas "For the Life of Me, I Can’t See Any Swastikas."
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, BR p.6)

1984        Merrill Ashley, ballerina, published her memoir: Dancing for Balanchine."
    (WSJ, 12/10/97, p.A20)

1984        Deborah Berg, the daughter of David Berg, authored "The Children of God: The Inside Story." David Berg (d.1994) founded the Christian sect of sexual freedom in the 1960s following years of travel as the "Berg Family Singers."
    (SFC, 2/14/01, p.A1)

1984        Ray Coleman (1937-1996) published "Lennon," a biography of the Beatle star John Lennon. He also wrote biographies of Paul McCartney, Eric Clapton, Brian Epstein, Frank Sinatra, the Carpenters, Rod Stewart, the Rolling Stones, and Gerry and the Pacemakers.
    (SFC, 9/22/96, C12)

1984        Maynard Amerine (d.1998 at 74) published the "Univ. of California / Sotheby Book of California Wine." It was co-edited with Bob Thompson and Doris Muscatine. Mr. Amerine also wrote "Table Wines: The Technology of their Production," with M.A. Joslyn.
    (SFC, 3/13/98, p.D2)

1984        Julian Barnes authored his novel "Flaubert’s Parrot," a whimsical portrait of a Flaubert scholar.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.M2)

1984        Jeremy Bernstein wrote a book on Bell Labs titled: "Three Degrees Above Zero." Here he described the computerized chess program know as Belle.
    (I&I, Penzias, p.151)

1984        Flo Braker (1939-2017) authored “The Simple Art of Perfect Baking."
    (SSFC, 6/18/17, p.C13)

1984        Susie Bright began editing “On Our Backs," the first lesbian erotica magazine. She had helped found the project and continued editing the magazine to 1991.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.G1)

1984        English writer Anita Brookner authored “Hotel du Lac." It won the 1984 Booker Prize.

1984        Bruce Chatwin published his travel book "In Patagonia."
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, BR p.3)

1984        Tom Clancey published "The Hunt for Red October" through the Naval  Institute Press.
    (WSJ, 4/24/98, p.W14)

1984        Kate Coscarelli, aka Aunt Kate (d.1999), published "Fame and Fortune," a best seller about 4 middle aged women in Beverly Hills.
    (SFC, 8/27/99, p.D6)

1984        Harriet Doerr (1910-2002) won the American Book Award for 1st fiction for "Stone for Ibarra."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)

1984        Prof. William A. Garnett (1917-2006), pioneer aerial photographer, published “William Garnett Aerial Photographs."
    (SSFC, 9/10/06, p.B6)

1984        Allen Ginsberg (d.1997) published his massive "Collected Poems."
    (SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.3)

1984        William Hartman (d.1997 at 78) and Marilyn Fithian published "Any Man Can," a work about multiple male orgasms. They also closed their Center for sexual and Marital Studies in this year.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A19)

1984        Ian Hibell (d.2008 at 74), long-distance British cyclist, authored “Into Remote Places."
    (Econ, 9/13/08, p.96)

1984        Gerri Hirshey wrote the book "Nowhere to Run," a history of soul-music.
    (SFC,10/28/97, p.E1)

1984        George Jonas authored “Vengeance," an account of an Israeli hit squad ordered to track down Palestinians responsible for the Sep 5, 1972, attack on Israeli athletes in Munich.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.117)(http://tinyurl.com/aujcx)

1984        Dr. Jay Katz (1922-2008), German-born American psychoanalyst and Yale law School professor, authored “The Silent world of Doctor and Patient."
    (SFC, 11/24/08, p.B6)

1984         William Kennedy received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction for his novel "Ironweed". His novels known as the "Albany Cycle" depict generations of Irish-American families. In 2018 Kennedy received an award from Ireland's president for his Albany-based literary works focusing on the Irish-American experience.
    (AP, 11/20/18)

1984        Lt. Gen. Victor Krulak (1913-2008) authored “First to Fight: An Inside View of the U.S. Marine Corps," which examined the history and culture of the US Marine Corps.
    (SFC, 1/2/09, p.B5)

1984        Jay McInerney published his novel "Bright Lights Big City." In 1999 it was produced as a rock musical at the New York Theater Workshop.
    (WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)

1984        Wallace Terry (d.2003 at 65), journalist, authored "Bloods: An Oral History of the Vietnam War by Black Veterans. It detailed the experiences of 20 black soldiers and was made into a 1986 PBS documentary.
    (SFC, 6/2/03, p.B4)

1984        Diana Vreeland (d.1989) wrote her biography "D.V." She had been a fashion editor for Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue and went on to become the head of the Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The 1998 play "Full Gallop" was based on her life.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, DB p.33)

1984        Edward O. Wilson, Harvard biologist, published his "Biophilia." In this book Wilson proposed that humans "have an innate urge to focus on and affiliate with non-human life, that our existence depends on this propensity, our spirit woven from it, and that hope rises on its currents."
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 52)

1984        Maurice Valency (1903-1996), playwright, wrote his first novel "Ashby." His plays included Savonarola, Electra and The Thracian Horses. His novel "Julie" was published in 1989.
    (SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)

1984        Philip Ashforth Coppola authored "Silver Connections," a compendium on the NYC subways.
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.D8)

1984        William Gibson wrote his science fiction work "Neuromancer." Gibson is credited with coining the term cyberspace. He envisioned chips plugged directly into the brain to transfer information.
    (SFC, 9/24/96, p.E1,3)(WSJ, 1/31/97, p.B1)

1984        Stephen Halbrook authored "That Every Man Be Armed," a historical look at gun possession.
    (WSJ, 5/25/99, p.A1,13)

1984        Harold McGee authored “On Food and Cooking." It became the standard authority on gastronomical science, that area where science and art, technique, and aesthetics intersect.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.140)(http://tinyurl.com/2numbb)

1984        Michael Moritz authored “The Little Kingdom: The Private Story of Apple Computer."
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.F1)

1984        Richard John Neuhaus authored “The Naked Public Square: Religion and Democracy in America."
    (WSJ, 10/23/07, p.D8)

1984        Eudora Welty (b.1909) published her best-selling remembrance "One Writer’s Beginnings."
    (WSJ, 9/8/98, p.A26)

1984        Theodore Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) was awarded a special Pulitzer Prize for children’s literature. His nearly 50 books had sold more than 100 million copies in 17 languages.
    (Hem., 2/97, p.13)

1984        The Ballet "Sergeant Early’s Dream" was created by Christopher Bruce.
    (SFC, 5/9/97, p.D9)

1984        German choreographer Pina Bausch first brought her absurdist dance-dramas to New York.
    (WSJ, 10/29/97, p.A20)

1984        The Broadway musical "Sunday in the Park With George" by Stephen Sondheim starred Mandy Patinkin.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, DB p.33)

1984        The film "Breakin' 2: Electric Boogaloo" was about breakdancing. The "boogaloo" term was later used by some on the far-right to refer to an armed insurrection against the American government, a race war or both.
    (Econ., 5/23/20, p.21)

1984        The US television Hall of Fame inducted its 1st class.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)
1984        The TV series "Murder, She Wrote" began and ran through 1996.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)
1984        Flip Wilson hosted the TV show "People Are Funny."
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B9)
1984        The Transformers TV cartoon show, aimed at boys, began.
    (NW, 11/11/02, p.56)
1984        The US television Hall of Fame inducted its 1st class.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)
1984        The TV series “Three’s Company" ended after 8 seasons. The sex farce featured John Ritter as Jack Tripper and Don Knotts as landlord Ralph Furley.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.B7)

1984        Prince (1958-2016) released his “Purple Rain" album.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_(musician))(Econ, 4/30/15, p.82)

1984        The song "Born In The USA," released by Bruce Springsteen, peaked at #9 in late 1984.
1984        The Twisted Sisters made a hit with their anti-authority song “We’re Not Gonna Take It."
    (Econ, 6/7/14, TQ p.23)

1984        Joe Seneca (d.1996) played one of 4 musicians in the Broadway production "Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom."
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A24)

1984        French composer Oliver Messiaen composed his 5-hour opera "Saint Francis d’Assise."
    (SFC, 9/5/96, p.B1)

1984        Hip-hop music hit the mainstream when Run-DMC made their version of Aerosmith’s "Walk This Way."
    (SFEM, 11/10/96, p.26)

1984        Ray Charles recorded “Seven Spanish Angels" as a duet with Willie Nelson.
    (USAT, 6/11/04, p.7A)

1984        Amy Ray and Emily Saliers formed the "Indigo Girls" music group.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.7)

1984        R.E.M. released its album "Reckoning." The cover was by Rev. Howard Finster (d.2001 at 84), a self-taught artist of the "outsider movement." In 1985 Finster was commissioned by the Talking Heads for their "Little Creatures."
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A25)

1984        A commission of the Roman Catholic Church, appointed by Pope John Paul II in 1980, concluded that the Inquisition was in error in its 1632 condemnation of Galileo‘s support of the Copernican Theory of the solar system.  By 1611 Galileo had made a series of discoveries and observations with his telescope that clearly confirmed the theory of Polish astronomer Copernicus that the earth and planets revolved around the sun. Controversy erupted when Galileo announced his support of Copernicus, a theory in opposition to the accepted Church belief that the sun and planets revolved around a stationary earth. Galileo‘s 1632 publication of Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World led to condemnation by the Inquisition, which forced him to renounce his views and live under house arrest until his death in 1642 [see 1992].
    (HNQ, 2/11/00)
1984        The US Methodist General Conference passed a ban on “self-avowed practicing homosexuals."
    (SFC, 12/27/04, p.A3)
1984        Father Richard John Neuhaus (b.1936) founded his Center for Religion and Society as part of the Illinois-based, conservative Rockford Institute. He and the center were "forcibly evicted" from the Institute in 1989.
    (Econ, 11/3/07, SR p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_John_Neuhaus)

1984        In Miami the First Union Financial Center was completed. The 55-story building was designed by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)

1984        Milton Bradley created its Gamemaster series, which sought to make war-strategy games more accessible. Axis and Allies, created in 1981 and one of five in the series, became legendary.
    (WSJ, 7/2/10, p.W9)

1984        In Portland, Oregon, the PacWest Center was completed. The 29-floor building was designed by architects of Hugh Stubbins & Assoc.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)

1984        In the US the National Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ) was founded.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.C1)

1984        Share Our Strength, one of the nation’s leading anti-hunger, anti-poverty organizations, began in the basement of a row house on Capitol Hill. In the beginning, it organized a handful of chefs to cook for fundraisers. By 2005 it mobilized thousands of individuals in the culinary industry to organize events, host dinners, teach cooking and nutrition classes to low-income families, and serve as anti-hunger advocates.

1984        The private international organization Sisterhood Is Global was founded to promote women’s rights in conjunction with the publication of “Sisterhood is Powerful" by Robin Morgan.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-12)(www.feminist.com/resources/artspeech/inter/sisterhood.htm)

1984        In Bemidji, Minn., the first low-power TV station began operating under special FCC license.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.A1)

1984        Louisiana held a World Exposition. Low attendance was blamed on the rain.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A20)(SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)

1984        Zingaro, a French equestrian troupe of actors and acrobats was founded by "Bartabas." In 1996 the troupe’s popular show was called Chimere and consisted of 26 horses, 22 actor/acrobats, and a 10-piece Indian orchestra.
    (WSJ, 9/25/96, p.A20)

1984        France-based Hermes introduced its Birkin handbag, named after British actress Jane Birkin, at a starting price of around $7,000. In 2008 Michael Tonello authored “Bringing Home the Birkin."
    (WSJ, 4/25/08, p.W5)(www.alphadictionary.com/business-tree/bags/bag%20birkin.html)

1984        Richard Lamm, later governor of Colorado, was quoted as saying: the elderly "have a duty to die and get out of the way."
    (SFC, 7/21/96, Z1, p.9)

1984        The Reagan administration, spurred by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) ordered US states to raise their drinking age to 21 or lose 10% of their federal highway funds.
    (Econ, 4/19/08, p.43)

1984        VP George H.W. Bush nominated Pedro A. Sanjuan to be director of political affairs in the UN Secretariat. His real job was to spy on the Soviet spies working for the secretary-general. Sanjuan left the Secretariat in 1992. In 2005 he authored “The UN Gang," an account of UN operations from 1984-1992.
    (WSJ, 9/13/05, p.D8)

1984        Craig Livingstone and Anthony Marceca did opposition research in Gary Hart’s presidential campaign. They gathered personal information that could seriously hurt the lives and families of selected individuals. Both later turned up in the Clinton White House and were responsible for obtaining and perusing confidential FBI files.
    (WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A14)

1984        The US Green Party began organizing. It held its first presidential convention in 1996 in Los Angeles with a reluctant Ralph Nader for president.
    (USAT, 8/16/96, p.4A)

1984        US Sec. of State George Shultz, on behalf of the Reagan administration, signed a letter that resigned the US from UNESCO, the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. In 2001 efforts were made to rejoin.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.E1)

1984        The CIA ran the Contra war in Nicaragua as a covert operation until this year when Congress cut off funds. The Reagan administration transferred the operation to Lt. Col. Oliver North, a member of the White House National Security staff.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A5)

1984        The CIA equipped a plane belonging to Barry Seal, a drug smuggler and informant, with cameras. Seal flew the plane to Nicaragua and photographed an official of the Sandinista government and a leader of a Colombian drug cartel loading cocaine on the aircraft.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A2)

1984        The US Army School of the Americas, a training center for Latin American military officers, was moved from Panama to Fort Benning, Ga.
    (WSJ, 6/14/96, p.B10)(SFC, 9/21/96, p.A3)   

1984        The Library of Congress renamed the position of Consultant in Poetry to the title Poet Laureate of the US Library of Congress. The title of the consultant's position was officially changed by Public Law 99-194 to Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry on Dec 20, 1985.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.E5)(www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0411/poetry.html)

1984        The US Congress passed the Sentencing Reform Act to standardize criminal sentences.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A4)

1984        Bills covering national forests in 20 states added 8.3 million acres to the Federal Wilderness System.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)

1984        The US State Dept. began its Reward for Justice program to pay informants for information leading to the arrest of terrorists.
    (SFC, 11/27/04, p.A1)

1984        The US Navy banned beards. The Navy said it wanted professionally-looking sailors who could wear firefighting masks and breathing apparatuses without interference.
    (SFC, 7/23/18, p.A5)

1984        William P. Lear Jr., son of business jet entrepreneur Bill Lear, Sr., engaged with a small group of gun-running entrepreneurs in buying arms, ammunition and other Soviet military equipment from the Warsaw Pact countries. In 2003 he authored “Fly Fast… Sin Boldly: Flying, Spying & Surviving."
    (AH, 6/03, p.63)

1984        Charles Keating, Arizona land developer, bought Lincoln Savings & Loan. He then proceeded to loot the institution’s federally protected deposits by booking phony profits on sham land and securities transactions and fooled auditors and investors about the failing health of Lincoln and its parent American Continental Corp. He was convicted on state charges in 1991 and federal charges in 1993. The federal charges were overturned in 1996.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A1,15)

1984        Jonathan Borofsky, sculptor, began his work "Hammering Man." It was completed in 1985 and stands outside the Legion of Honor in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 10/26/96, p.B1)
1984        Adah Bakalinsky (60) authored the 1st edition of “Stairway Walks in San Francisco." In 2004 a 5th edition was published.
    (SFC, 5/21/04, p.F8)
1984        The Monterey Bay Aquarium opened in Monterey, Ca.
    (AAM, 3/96, p.9)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A8)
1984        In San Francisco the first new homes on Silverview Terrace opened. The attached houses on the former site of an orphanage atop Mount St. Joseph were priced from $123.5k to $145k.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.D6)
1984        In San Francisco the 23-story building at 580 California St. was built.
    (SSFC, 7/8/12, p.C2)
1984        The 285-room Marriott at San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf was constructed.
    (SFC, 7/18/98, p.B1)
1984        Jeremiah Tower opened his Stars restaurant on a desolate alley near the SF Civic Center. It closed in 1999 and was to reopen under new management. In 1986 Tower authored his cookbook "New American Classics."
    (SFC, 9/29/99, Z1 p.1,4)
1984        San Francisco’s Cartoon Art Museum was founded by Malcolm Whyte and a few friends. Shows were mounted in varies spaces for three years until it found office space at 665 Third St. It moved a few times before relocating to 655 Mission St. in 2001. In 2015 its status was in limbo as its lease ended.
    (SFC, 4/22/15, p.D3)
1984        John-Michael Olexy helped found the first federal gay and lesbian employees group in SF.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, p.A6)
1984        In San Francisco Michael Denman (1929-2018) co-founded the Ramp restaurant on the waterfront at 855 Terry Francois St. with partner Joe Costello.
    (SFC, 1/1/18, p.C2)
1984        In the Rathskeller scandal 2 SF police officers were fired for hiring a prostitute to perform at a police graduation party.
    (SFC, 5/7/97, p.A22)
1984        Charlie Walker, head of Charlie Walker Trucking Inc., was convicted of grand theft, attempted extortion, perjury and tax evasion for bilking the City's minority contracting programs. He was paroled from Folsom Prison in 1987.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A14)
1984        SF installed a computerized fingerprint matching system.
    (SFC, 9/22/98, p.A18)
1984        Brooks Walker, lumberman and inventor, died. He was the president of Shasta Forest Products and held over 250 patents and invented such items as smog-control devices, Venetian blinds and shock absorbers. The Brooks Walker Patent Center in San Francisco’s New Main Library was later named in his honor.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.B2)
1984        The TED conference held its 1st session in Monterey, Ca. TED sprung from an observation by Richard Saul Wurman of a powerful convergence between technology, entertainment and design. The Sapling Foundation (b.1996), led by Silicon Valley publisher Chris Anderson, bought the conference in 2001.
    (SSFC, 2/07/04, p.E5)(www.edge.org/3rd_culture/bios/andersonc.html)
1984        California voters approved a state lottery.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1984        SF voters approved Prop. K, which prohibited towers from casting new shadows on city parks.
    (SSFC, 4/27/08, p.B3)
1984        The California Smog Check program was introduced. It required motorists to take responsibility for pollution by maintaining their vehicles to meet state standards.
    (SFEC,11/10/97, p.A10)
1984        Richard Sims (1933-2008) was named chief of police for Daly City, Ca. Sims retired in 1990 following a 34 year career in the city’s police department.
    (SSFC, 2/10/08, p.B3)
1984        Giant pandas from China visited the SF Zoo.
    (SFC, 7/30/04, p.E15)
1984        Standard Oil of California (Socal), under George M. Keller (1923-2008), purchased Gulf Oil and its extensive operations in Nigeria and changed its name to Chevron.
    (SFC, 11/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 10/20/04, p.C6)(SFC, 10/18/08, p.B1)

1984        Philip Anschutz, a Denver oil and real estate mogul, picked up the Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad for $500 million.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A17)

1984        Michael Ross, former life-insurance salesman, was arrested in Connecticut. He had strangled at least 6 girls and young women. He later pleaded guilty to 2 killings in 1985 and was convicted of 4 killings in 1987. He was sentenced to death in 1997 and signed a letter in 1998 to be executed. Ross was executed May 13, 2005.
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.A6)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.31)(SSFC, 1/30/05, p.A10)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A4)

1984        In Dade County, Fla., the State Attorney office of Janet Reno began amassing sex-assault charges against police officer Grant Snowden.
    (WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A22)

1984        Ted Waitt started Gateway Computer at his grandmother’s Iowa farmhouse.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.C2)

1984        In Mass. District Attorney Scott Harshbarger brought the first child-sex-abuse charges against the Amiraults, owners of the Fells Acres Day School in Malden. A new trial was ordered in 1998 due to flawed techniques in interviewing the young accusers. Gerald Amirault served 18 years in prison and was released in 2004.
    (WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A22)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/28/04, p.A8)

1984        Chippewa Indians opened the Kewadin Casino in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
    (MT, Fall ‘96, p.20)

1984        The Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico was founded as a nonprofit research and education center. It specialized in the interdisciplinary study of complex systems.
    (Wired, 2/98, p.174)

1984        In NYC Ian Schrager and Steve Rubell opened Morgans, the first boutique hotel.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.104)

1984        The first US Synchronized Skating championships were held in Bowling Green, Ohio, with 38 teams competing.
    (SFC, 2/23/09, p.E7)

1984        In Rhode Island Vincent Cianci, the mayor of Providence, was forced to resign after a decade on the job after being convicted of assaulting a man with a cigarette, an ashtray and a log. He was re-elected in 1990. In 2002 he was brought down by a federal racketeering probe and served nearly five years in prison.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.26)

1984        Michael Dell (19), a student at the Univ. of Texas, founded Dell Computer in Austin, Texas.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.B9)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.I1)
1984        Marketplace Chaplains USA was founded in Dallas, Texas, to provide corporations with chaplains. By 2007 it employed 2100 at 300 US companies in 46 states.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.60)

1984        A mass death row prisoner escape took place from the Mecklenburg prison in Virginia. In 2000 Joe Jackson and William F. Burke Jr. authored "Dead Run: The Untold Story of Dennis Stockton and America’s Only Mass Escape From Death Row."
    (SFEC, 4/16/00, BR p.12)

1984        Ron Levin, a con man who swindled Joe Hunt, the leader of the Billionaire Boys Club, in a $4 million commodities scam, was reported killed. Members of the club, a group of ambitious young men who put their money into get-rich-quick schemes, were accused of the slaying. James Pittman, a Hunt cohort, said in 1993 that he shot Levin in front of Hunt and helped bury the body in the Angeles National Forest. Since 1984 a number of people have claimed to have seen Levin alive. A woman said she spotted Levin on the Greek island of Mykonos on Christmas day in 1987. Hunt was convicted of 1st degree murder in 1987.
    (SFC, 5/3/96, A-11)(SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)

1984        John J. Phelan Jr. became chairman of the NYSE. He ran the exchange to 1990.
    (WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)

1984        The Chicago Sun-Times was bought by a group controlled by Australian magnate Rupert Murdoch who also owned the New York Post. Columnist Mike Royko (1932-1997) quit and joined the Chicago Tribune.
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.A6)

1984        GM and Toyota established a joint venture, the New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. (NUMMI), to build cars in Fremont, California.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1984        Chrysler introduced the Dodge Caravan, its first Minivan.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1984        GM helped originate a jobs bank in which employees continued to be paid even though the company did not need them. Volunteer activity or clocked-in presence in a “rubber room" was required.
    (WSJ, 3/1/06, p.A1)

1984        The Hearst Corp. became a founding partner of the A&E and Lifetime Television cable networks. Hearst also acquired Diversion, a magazine for physicians at leisure, and a group of Texas newspapers.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1984        Rush Limbaugh, an unemployed disc jockey from Kansas City, was hired by a Sacramento AM radio station. In 1988 Limbaugh took his show national and moved to NYC.
    (SFCM, 11/16/03, p.44)

1984        Boeing released its first 757 airplane. The medium range, twin turbofan plane was built for 180 passengers.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.A8)

1984        Amstar Corp. [Domino sugar] was taken private.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1984        American Brands sold its tobacco operations to B.A.T. Industries PLC.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1984        Robert Brooks (1937-2006) and a group of Atlanta investors bought expansion and franchise rights to the Hooters restaurant chain. The 1st store had opened in Florida in 1983.

1984        Michael Eisner took over the Disney Corp. In 2000 Kim Masters authored "The Keys to the Kingdom," a business biography of Eisner.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.W10)

1984        Richard Scrushy founded HealthSouth and took it public in 1986. His strategy was to combine rehabilitation and surgery centers for a wide variety of procedures, mostly outpatient, and provide services more cheaply than hospitals. His salary and bonus approached $7 million in 1996.
    (WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)

1984        Kraft Corp. bought Lender’s Bagels, maker of frozen bagels, and launched a national ad campaign for the brand.
    (SFC, 10/16/96, zz1 p.6)

1984        Cisco Systems was founded by Sandy Lerner and her husband Len Bosack. It was one of the first companies to connect networks of computers to other networks.
    (SFC, 5/30/12, p.E1)(http://newsroom.cisco.com/overview)

1984        Crazy Eddie Inc. went public. The retail electronics chain grew rapidly and then burned out in 1989 in a scandal of missing inventory, stolen cash and bogus merchandise bookings. In 1990 assets were frozen and founder Eddie Antar disappeared under charges of bilking investors out of $74 mil. He was nabbed in Israel in 1992 and sent to a US prison.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,8)

1984        Hewlett-Packard introduced the HP Laser-Jet printer. Company sales passed $6 billion and the number of workers approached 85,000. HP also introduced a printer using its ground-breaking thermal inkjet printing technology.
    (SFC, 3/3/99, p.A11)(SFC, 2/22/06, p.C1)

1984        Doug Lenat founded Cycorp to develop the Cyc database in an effort to teach a computer common sense. In 2002 a web link was established to gather data from the public: www.cyc.com.
    (SFC, 6/10/02, p.E1)

1984        Levi introduced its "501 Blues" ad to jump-start jeans sales under CEO Robert Haas, the great-great-grandnephew of founded Levi Strauss.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, B1)

1984        John Lasseter left his animation job at Disney to join George Lucas’ special effects computer group. The division was purchased in 1986 by Steve Jobs and became Pixar.
    (SFC, 1/25/06, p.C1)

1984        Nike signed a 5-year contract with Michael Jordan. The Air Jordan basketball shoe was released in 1985 for $65.
    (WSJ, 11/11/03, p.B1)

1984        Motorola introduced a brick-sized cell phone for $4,000. [see Apr 3, 1983]
    (WSJ, 10/30/03, p.A1)

1984        Prodigy was founded as a joint venture of CBS, IBM and Sears. CBS dropped out in 1986, two years before the first service called Trintex went online. Its name was changed to Prodigy in 1989 and went national in 1990. In 1996 it was sold for less than $200 million to its management, a private group with backing by the Mexican firm Grupo Carso.
    (SFC, 5/13/96, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/22/98, p.B14)

1984        The US National Organ Transplant classified human organs as a national resource and prohibited their sale.
    (SFC, 5/6/99, p.A9)

1984        The American Cancer Society inaugurated October as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.D1)(http://tinyurl.com/q6teg9)

1984        CERN laboratory in Europe showed evidence of a sixth quark.
    (NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 650)

1984        Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, envisioned a computer system for researchers to share documents and databases. This grew to become the World Wide Web. In 2004 Lee won the 1st Millennium Technology Prize.
    (WSJ, 10/1/99, p.W6)(SFC, 4/16/04, p.C1)

1984        Ray Ozzie left Lotus Development and founded Iris Associates, which created Lotus Notes, a collaborative software program. Iris was acquired by Lotus in 1994 and Lotus was acquired by IBM in 1995. In 2006 Bill Gates named Ozzie to succeed him as Microsoft’s Chief Software Architect.

1984        An oil industry ship was modified as a scientific drilling vessel and named the JOIDES Resolution, Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling. The Resolution was in commemoration of James Cook’s 18th cent. exploration ship.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.D1)

1984        A new medium priced home in the US was priced at $79,900.

1984        A landmark study on cholesterol provided the first conclusive evidence that lowering blood cholesterol can prevent heart attacks. Basil Rifkind (d.2008 at 73), Scotland-born physician, co-chaired the NIH Consensus Conference on Lowering Blood Cholesterol to Prevent Heart Disease.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.B5)
1984        Dr. Daniel Peterson reported 1,700 cases of chronic fatigue syndrome in the town of Incline Village, Nev.
    (SFC, 10/14/96, p.A4)
1984        The first triphasic birth control pills were introduced. Later test showed that women who used the pills reported greater sexual desire and satisfaction than those using older formulations. The triphasics switch the dosage of estrogen every week or ten days.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A3)(www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/CONSUMER/CON00027.html)
1984        In California cancer cases began popping up in McFarland in the Central Valley. 21 people over 20 years were struck in the town of 8,000. A state study from 1985-1991 ended inconclusively and the EPA was petitioned to study the problem. Residents suspected airborne pesticides.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A5)
1984        Kathelyn Steimer (1948-1996) assisted in the first sequencing and cloning of HIV with colleagues Dino Dina and Paul Luciv at Chiron Corp.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.C7)
1984        Chiron Corp. discovered and cloned hepatitis B antigens, a step toward the 1st genetically engineered vaccine.
    (SFC, 11/1/05, p.D1)
1984        AIDS was reported to have been transmitted to a health care worker by an accidental needle stick.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A6)

1984        The deadly algae, Caulerpa taxifolia, was accidentally introduced into the Mediterranean Sea. It appeared to be a product of genetic mutation brought about by the use of ultraviolet light in aquariums. By 1996 it had spread from Spain to Croatia and slugs were being introduced that feed on the killer weed.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A18)

1984        Scientists discovered the alpha-defensin proteins, used by a class of white blood cells that kill and eat bacteria. In 2002 they were believed to play a key role in suppressing AIDS.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A14)(WSJ, 9/27/02, p.B1)

1984        Pan American Satellite (PanAmSat) was founded in Greenwich, Connecticut, as part of Alpha Lyracom under Rene Anselmo (1926-1995). The company orbited a series of communications satellites providing television broadcast to the US and Latin American markets. In 1996 it merged with Hughes Galaxy.

1984        Peter Cartwright founded Calpine Corp., an energy company, in San Jose, Ca. He stepped down as CEO in 2005 as the company faced possible bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 11/30/05, p.C1)

1984        Shuttle astronauts repaired the Solar Maximum Mission satellite.
    (NG, 5/88, p.644)

1984        The space shuttle Challenger turned up images of Oman of what was thought to be the "lost city of Ubar."
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A10)

1984        The oldest know shipwreck was found off the southern coast of Turkey at Uluburun (Big Nose/Cape) by Dr. George Bass. It dates to about 1300BC, the era of the fall of Troy and reign of King Tut.
    (MT, 3/96, p.2)

1984        In Oregon members of the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh cult sprinkled Salmonella typhimurium bacteria in supermarkets, salad bars and restaurant coffee creamers near Portland. Over 750 people were sickened.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.R1)

1984        In Texas Karla Faye Tucker and a male companion took a pick-ax to two people. She was convicted and sentenced to die. She was executed on Feb 3, 1998.
    (WSJ, 1/5/98, p.20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karla_Faye_Tucker)

1984        Roberta "Bibi" Lee, the college girlfriend of Bradley Page, was murdered. Page was convicted for voluntary manslaughter in 1988 and was paroled in 1995.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.C5)

1984        Salim Moussa Achi (b.1909), aka Dr. Dahesh, Lebanese author and humanist, died. His art collection later formed the core of the Dahesh Museum of Art in NYC.
    (WSJ, 9/9/03, p.D6)(www.humanitiesweb.org)

1984        Julio Cortazar, Argentine writer, died. His novels included "Final Exam" "Cronopios and Famas," and "Hopscotch." The English translation of Cronopios by Paul Blackburn was published in 1962 and reissued in 2000.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.8)(SFEC, 8/6/00, BR p.12)

1984        Gyula Halasz, Hungarian born photographer (aka Brassai), died. He was a friend of Picasso and Henry Miller and was known as the "Eye of Paris" for his night time photographs in the 1930s. His "Secret Paris of the 30s" was published in 1976. He published 2 books on Henry Miller and "Conversations With Picasso."
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.W12)

1984        Black author Chester Himes (b.1909) died in Paris. His work included "Cast the First Stone," a somber tale of prison life written it in 1937 under the title "Yesterday Will Make You Cry." He was best known for his crime novels and settled in Paris in 1954. In 2001 James Sallis authored "Chester Himes: A Life."
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, BR p.7)(SSFC, 2/25/01, BR p.1)(WSJ, 4/6/01, p.W9)

1984        Lee Krasner, artist (b.1908), died. She is one of 3 artists covered by Anne Middleton Wagner in "Three Artists (Three Women): Modernism in the Art of Hesse, Krasner and O’Keefe."
    (HFA, '96, p.42)(SFC, 5/12/96, p.T-7)

1984        Ray Kroc, co-founder of McDonald’s Restaurants, died.
    (USAT, 9/24/98, p.3A)

1984        Mabel Mercer (84), New York cabaret singer, died. A video of her work was made titled: "Mabel Mercer: Cabaret Artist/ ‘Forever and Always.’"
    (WSJ, 3/12/97, p.A16)

1984        Alice Neel (b.1900), humanist painter, died. She did figure painting in New York when abstraction dominated the scene. Her work included "Mother and Child" (1967), "Andy Warhol (1970)," "Geoffrey Hendricks and Brian" (1978), and "Don Perlis and Jonathon" (1982).
    (SFEM, 9/15/96, p.6)(SFC, 9/28/96, p.E1)(WSJ, 7/12/00, p.A24)

1984        Gloria Swanson, actress, died. She was an advocate of the sugar-free diet. In 1976 William Dufty (d.2002) authored "Sugar Blues" and became Swanson’s 6th husband. He was the ghostwriter of her 1981 autobiography: "Swanson on Swanson."
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A24)

1984        Brooks Walker, lumberman and inventor, died. He was the president of Shasta Forest Products and held over 250 patents and invented such items as smog-control devices, Venetian blinds and shock absorbers. The Brooks Walker Patent Center in San Francisco’s New Main Library was later named in his honor.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.B2)

1984        UN sent investigators to Afghanistan to examine reported human rights violations.
    (www.afghan, 5/25/98)

1984        The Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team was founded in Buenos Aires by the American Clyde Snow to investigate human rights abuses and solve legal cases.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, Z1p.4)

1984        Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, UAR) agreed on the creation of a two-brigade (10,000 troops) Peninsula Shield Force, based in Saudi Arabia near the Kuwaiti and Iraqi borders.

1984        Off the island of Bonaire, Netherland Antilles, the Hilma Hooker, a 235 ton freighter, sank.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, T8)

1984        Benedita da Silva was elected to the lower house and became the first black woman in the Brazilian Congress. She later was elected as a senator.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.D2)
1984        In Brazil the Landless Rural Worker’s Movement (MST) was founded and began winning land by illegally occupying unused areas. 3% of the nation’s 167 million people owned 66% of the arable land.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A10)(SFC, 7/6/00, p.A12)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.41)
1984        Brazil’s military government created an Amazon nature reserve. In 2017 a federal court blocked plans to open up about 30% of the area to mining.
    (SSFC, 9/3/17, p.C14)

1984        British historian Maurice H. Keen (1933-2012) authored “Chivalry." The book redefined medieval court life
    (NYT, 9/27/12, p.a23)
1984        British writer Martin Amis authored "Money." It followed a depraved narcissist called John Self around the streets of London and New York.
    (Econ., 11/7/20, p.76)
1984        The Turner Prize in art was initiated by the Tate Gallery's Patrons of New Art. The members included Charles Saatchi. Malcolm Morley was the first winner. It established in honor of 19th-century J. M. W. Turner, who had long wished to set up an award for younger artists.
    (WSJ, 12/1/99, p.A24)(AFP, 12/3/13)
1984        In Britain Ted Hughes was appointed Poet Laureate.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)
1984        Britain enacted the Video Recordings Act (VRA), which regulated the pornography industry, but later failed to notify the European Commission of the existence of the act.
    (Reuters, 8/25/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_Recordings_Act_1984)
1984        Britain’s Lord Carrington (b.1919) began serving as Secretary-General of NATO and continued to 1988.
1984        British coal miners lost a bitter strike against pit closings.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)
1984        Britain’s Johnson Matthey Bankers was purchased by the Bank of England for one million pounds as regulators judged it too big to allow to go bust.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.88)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/7250668.stm)
1984        Glen Renfrew (d.2006 at age 71) led Reuters to an IPO on the London Stock Exchange. Renfrew served as CEO from 1981 to 1991. Born the son of a coal miner in Aberdare, Australia, Renfrew attended the University of Sydney before moving to England in the 1950s.
    (AP, 7/4/06)
1984        British Telecom was privatized under PM Thatcher.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BT_Group)
1984        In Britain a preserved male body was found in a peat bog in Cheshire. Analysis revealed that the “Lindow Man" was about 25 when he died about 2,000 years ago.
    (Econ, 12/14/13, p.89)

1984        Brunei gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1984         In Cameroon Lake Monoun exploded spewing out carbon dioxide gas that asphyxiated 37 people in a nearby villages. An int’l. team of scientists began venting the lake in 2003.
    (AP, 2/15/03)

1984        In Canada Larry Zolf authored “Survival of the Fattest -an Irreverent View of the Senate".
    (http://poifarbnew.ru/wawiwynu.pdf)(Econ, 8/13/16, p.24)
1984        The film "Next of Kin" was directed by Canadian Atom Egoyan. It was about a lazy 23-year-old living with his parents.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.C1)
1984        In Canada responsibility for security intelligence was taken away from the Mounties when a separate intelligence agency was created.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.42)
1994        In Canada a majority of the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake passed a bylaw stipulating that a person must have at least 4 Mohawk great grandparents to live or own property on its 13,000 acre reservation just south of Montreal.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.44)
1984        Guy Laliberte and a group of stilt-walkers from Baie-Saint-Paul created The Cirque de Soleil, a Canadian animal-free circus. Revenues in 2004 reached $550 million.
    (SFC, 9/14/96, p.B4)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.61)(Econ, 2/15/14, p.59)
1984        Mike Lazaridis, while a student at the Univ. of Waterloo in Ontario, co-founded Research In Motion (RIM) with Douglas Fregin. In 1997 Lazaridis came up with the idea for a small thumb-using keyboard and RIM went on to produce the hand-held Blackberry e-mail device.
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.68)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.36)
1984        Canada established a tidal research station in its eastern Bay of Fundy.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.71)
1984        The Annapolis Basin tidal power plant in Nova Scotia began to convert tidal friction to electric power at a 20 megawatt peak.
    (CFA, '96, p.82)

1984        Chile’s military government set up the Taxable Profits Fund (FUT), a mechanism to encourage investments by allowing companies to defer indefinitely payment of some tax on retained profits. 
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.32)
1984        Alpacas from Chile began arriving in the US after the US lifted a ban.
    (WSJ, 4/5/07, p.A10)

1984        The Southern Weekend entertainment supplement was established by the Southern Daily, a newspaper owned by the Communist Party Committee of Guangdong province. In 1998 under Shen Hao (27) it began featuring real news and investigative stories.
    (WSJ, 7/21/98, p.A1)
1984        In China Deng Xiaoping moved to streamline the military. He cut the ranks from 4 million to 3 million and ordered the military to find ways to pay for itself.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, p.A14)
1984        In China the ICBC bank was spun out of the People’s Bank of China.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, SR p.5)
1984        Shanghai Automotive Industry Corp. (SAIC) with government support partnered with Volkswagen  and produced the Santana model sedan. VW was the first foreign carmaker to establish operation in China.
    (WSJ, 6/30/99, p.A19)(Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.4)
1984        China’s Lenovo computer firm was founded by 11 engineers, including Liu Chuanzhi, with a $25,000 loan from the Chinese Academy of Sciences to help commercialize government-funded technologies. Until 2004 it was known as Legend Computer. By 2012 Lenovo’s revenues reached $15 billion.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.61)(Econ, 1/12/12, p.55)(Econ, 6/20/15, p.60)
1984        Rabbit Calicivirus Disease was 1st discovered among rabbits in China. It appeared in the US for the 1st time in 2000.
    (WSJ, 7/3/02, p.A1)
1984        In China Hu Yaobang, the Communist party's general secretary, suggested that Chinese people, for the sake of hygiene, eat food in the Western way with knives and forks. Yaobang's death in 1989 sparked the Tiananmen Square upheaval.
    (Econ, 4/25/20, p.34)

1984        In Colombia Pres. Belisario Betancur sent emissaries to a FARC stronghold and established a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 1/8/99, p.A13)
1984        Colombia passed legislation giving all rights to the treasure of the San Jose galleon, sunk by the British navy in 1708. Sea Search Armada (SSA) reportedly divulged the site of the wreck to the government in 1982. The government later said the ship was nowhere near where SSA said it was.
    (Econ, 12/12/15, p.37)

1984        CongoDRC held a census.

1984        In Croatia, Yugoslavia, Radio 101, an 800 watt station in Zagreb, became the first commercial station.
    (WSJ, 7/25/96, p.A1)

1984        Eriberto Mederos, aka El Enfermero (the Nurse), joined the Cuban boat lift to America. He became a US citizen in 1993. He had worked as the administrator of electric shock therapy to political opponents of the Castro regime. In 2001 he was arrested and faced deportation for lying about his former occupation. In 2002 Mederos (79) was convicted in Florida for concealing his past.
    (SFC, 11/16/01, p.E3)(SFC, 8/2/02, p.A6)

1984        In Ecuador Abdala Bucaram was elected mayor of Guayaquil, the country’s largest city. He left the country shortly thereafter when an arrest warrant was issued for him for insulting the armed forces. He had said that the army was useless and wasted half the nation’s budget on marching in the country’s independence day parade.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)

1984        In Ethiopia the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) was formed for the independence of Ogaden, which Rebels claimed has been marginalized by Addis Ababa. The region is suspected of holding large oil and natural gas reserves.
    (AP, 7/25/07)

1984        The EU introduced milk quotas. They were designed when low market prices and high subsidies were filling EU warehouses with surplus “butter mountains" and mounds of milk powder, at ever greater cost to the EU budget. The quotas were abolished in 2015.
    (http://www.economist.com/node/10689170)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.64)

1984        French Pres. Francois Mitterrand appointed Laurent Fabius (38) as Prime Minister.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A1)
1984        The French granted Polynesia internal autonomy.
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, p.T12)
1984        French Pres. Francois Mitterrand visited California’s Silicon Valley and met with Steve Jobs. Soon after the French government promised a microcomputer in every French school.   
    (Econ, 2/8/14, p.50)

1984        In Guatemala Cival, about 25 miles east of the much better known city of Tikal, was discovered. Cival was abandoned about 100 CE. Artifacts at the site dated from 500-300 BCE.
    (LAT, 5/5/04)

1984        In Guinea Lansana Conte seized power in a coup after the death of his predecessor, Ahmed Sekou Toure.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)(AP, 9/29/09)

1984        The trading firm Jardine, Matheson & Co., in Hong Kong since 1842, shifted its legal domicile to Bermuda.

1984        In India Kanshi Ram (1934-2006) founded the Bahujan Samaj Party to promote the interests of the low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.
    (SFC, 10/10/06, p.B7)   
1984        In India an underground rail network began operating in the city of Calcutta (later Kolkata).
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.46)
1984        Ajay Piramal (29) took over as head of the family business following the sudden death of his brother. Under his leadership the Piramal Group evolved from a textile centric business to a USD 2 billion conglomerate with diversified business interests across pharmaceuticals, packaging, financial services and real estate. In 2012 Piramal moved into health care services and acquired Decision Resources, a Massachusetts firm, that analyzes and crunches data on drugs and treatments.
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.67)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajay_Piramal)
1984        In India some 8,000 Sikhs were killed across the country this year as police stood by.
    (Econ, 8/28/04, p.16)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.32)

1984        In Italy the government of Premier Bettino Craxi signed a decree securing a virtual monopoly of private television for businessman Silvio Berlusconi.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.53)
1984        In Italy the Vatican paid $244 million for its part in a bank scandal that saw the collapse of another Italian bank.
    (SFEM, 1/19/97, p.10)
1984        In Italy the Red Brigades split into two movements: the majority faction of the Communist Combatant Party (Red Brigades-PCC) and the minority of the Union of Combatant Communists (Red Brigades-UCC). The second position later morphed into the Politico-military Communist Party (PCPM). The same year, four imprisoned leaders, Curcio, Moretti, Iannelli and Bertolazzi, rejected the armed struggle as pointless.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.54)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Brigades)

1984         Abba Eban helped prepare a 13-part television series about Jewish history called "Heritage: Civilization and the Jews." He later wrote a book by the same name.
    (AP, 11/17/02)
1984        The Shas Party first ran for the Knesset. This Israeli political party was founded by Ovadiah Yosef prior to the elections through the merger of regional lists established in 1983. Shas, the religious party of Jews of Eastern descent, emerged as a self-directed movement of Sephardic Jews. The name comes from the Hebrew and means Sephardi Torah Guardians. It had begun as a small faction on the Jerusalem City Council.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shas)(SFEC,10/26/97, p.A18)(SFC, 7/20/99, p.A10) (SFC, 7/20/99, p.A10)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.53)
1984        Israel’s public debt reached nearly 300% of GDP this year and hyperinflation peaked at 450% a year.
    (Econ 5/20/17, SR p.8)
1984        In the "Bus 300 affair" Ehud Yatom, Israeli member of the Shin Bet security agency, bludgeoned to death 2 Palestinian bus hijackers.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A6)

1984        In Japan Kazuo Inamori, founder of the Japanese technology group Kyocera, established the annual Kyoto Prizes for achievements in advanced technology, basic sciences, arts and philosophy. The Inamori Foundation administered the awards.
    (SFC, 6/9/06, p.B3)(http://en.kyocera.de/kyocera_n/english/news/kyotoprize2004.html)
1984        The Japanese firm Suntory purchased the Chateau St. Jean winery in Sonoma, Calif. They sold it in 1996.
    (WSJ, 8/12/96, p.A4)
1984        In Japan a concrete anti-tsunami structure spanning 673 feet (205 m) was completed in Fudai under Mayor Kotaku Wamura. The total bill of 3.56 billion yen was split between the prefecture and central government. Two disasters in 1896 and 1933 had destroyed hundreds of homes and killed 439 people. The wall allowed Fudai to survive the tsunami of 2011.
    (AP, 5/13/11)
1984        In Japan a split in the yakuza, the country’s biggest organized crime group, left some two dozen gang members dead in territorial battles.
    (Econ, 9/12/15, p.38)
1984        Japan’s Sakura company rolled out the first gel ink pen. By 1999 the gelly pen was a huge fad among kids in the US.
    (WSJ, 6/15/99, p.A1)
1984        Shoko Asahara started a yoga school in Tokyo. In 1987 he founded the Aum Shinri Kyo cult.
    (WSJ, 9/28/01, p.A12)
1984        Uniqlo, a Japanese clothing retailer, opened its first store.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.65)

1984        Kenya’s Equity Building Society started operations as a check-cashing venture for farmers. By 2012 half of all bank accounts in the country were with Equity.
    (Econ, 12/8/12, p.76)
1984        A team led by Richard Leakey unearthed hominid bones at Nariokotome in West Turkana, in the far northern reaches of Kenya. The skeleton of the 1.6 million year old 5-foot-3 Turkana Boy, who died at age 12, was preserved in marshland before its discovery.
    (AP, 2/6/07)

1984        In Liberia Samuel Doe allowed the return of political parties under pressure from the US.
    (AP, 7/1/03)

1984        In Lichtenstein women gained the right to vote.
    (SSFC, 9/2/07, p.D3)

1984        In Mauritania Maaoya Sid'Ahmed Taya took power in a military coup and tried to legitimize his rule in the 1990s through elections the opposition says were fraudulent. He was ousted in a military coup in 2005.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

1984        William Flanagan, head of Arriba Ltd., signed a deal with Mexico’s Petroleum Worker’s Union for at least 6 million barrels of slop oil. The union failed to deliver and Flanagan won a suit in 1986. The judgement ballooned to nearly $250 million in 2002 with still no settlement.
    (WSJ, 2/20/02, p.A1)

1984        Morocco left the Organization of African Unity after a majority of member states recognized Polisario and granted it membership as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic SADR).
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.40)

1984        In Mozambique the 415-mile Sena Railway line was damaged and mined by RENAMO insurgents. After it was sabotaged, not one train used it for more than 20 years.
    (AFP, 10/17/06)

1984        In Nepal authorities began to introduce 72 rhinos, also known as the Indian rhinoceros, in the Babai Valley, 320 km southwest of Kathmandu, as part of a conservation drive. By 2007 at least 23 had died due to poaching and other causes, and the rest were missing.
    (Reuters, 1/3/07)

1984        Philips, a Dutch electronics giant, and ASM Int'l, a maker of semiconductor equipment, began their ASML joint venture. The company grew to become the world's most advanced maker of equipment critical to modern chipmaking.
    (Econ., 2/29/20, p.49)

1984        New Zealand withdrew handouts to farmers forcing them to invest in their businesses and club together to buy and sell. By 2015 they were among the most efficient in the world.
    (Econ, 2/7/15, p.54)

1984        Nigeria set up its Sars police unit. In 2020 the agency was disbanded after thousands of Nigerians took to the streets to protest against police brutality.
    (BBC, 10/16/20)
1984        Singer Fela Anikulapo-Kuti of Nigeria was convicted on "spurious" charges of currency violations and sentenced to 5 years in prison. He was released after 2 years.
    (WSJ, 2/24/99, p.A10)

1984        The Nicaragua Sandinistas confiscated four farms that belonged to Juan Manuel Caldera. In 1996 Daniel Ortega promised Caldera control of 7 key economic ministries in an electoral pact for the presidency.
    (WSJ, 10/9/96, p.A15)

1984        The North Korean film “Emissary of No Return" won Best Director at a film festival in Czechoslovakia. It was directed by Shin Sang-ok, kidnapped from South Korea in 1978.
    (Econ., 3/21/15, p.76)

1984        A Pakistani law declared Ahmadis to be non-Muslims. Ahmadis consider themselves Muslim but believe in a prophet after Mohammed and many Pakistanis consider them heretics.
    (Reuters, 7/28/14)

1984        In Peru anthropologist Jose Matos Mar (1921-2015) authored “Desborde Popular y Crisis del Estado" (Popular Overspill and Crisis of the State). Here he argued that migration from the Andes to the coastal regions amounted to an unstoppable tide of social change.
    (Econ, 8/22/15, p.32)
1984        Hernando de Soto presented the results of his study on Peru’s informal economy. He had mapped the migration of mountain people to urban Lima, where they squatted on undeveloped public land and created vibrant informal economies. In 1986 he published his results in the book: "The Other Path."
    (WSJ, 10/9/00, p.A38)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.11)
1984        In Peru the Cuban-inspired Tupac Amuru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) took up arms.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A1)

1984        In the Philippines the volunteer National Citizen’s Movement for Free Elections (Namfrel) was founded by business and church leaders disgusted with the corrupt elections run by the Marcos government.
    (SFC, 5/13/98, p.A10)
1984        In the Philippines the Bataan Nuclear Power Plant was completed at a cost of $2.3 billion, but remained dormant. In 2011 it was planned to open to tour groups to teach them about nuclear power.
    (AFP, 5/11/11)

1984        In Russia Alexander Pajitnov, a computer programmer at the Moscow Academy of Science, invented the game "Tetris" on an old Electronica 60 computer. He gave up the rights to the game to the State for ten years. In 1985 it was introduced on the IBM and Commodore 64 and ported to handheld devices in 1989. In 1996 rights for the game reverted back to Pajitnov. He and Henk Rogers soon founded Blue Planet Software to manage the Tetris rights.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, C5)(SFC, 6/3/09, p.C5)(SFC, 6/6/14, p.E3)

1984        South Africa’s ANC executed 7 of its guerrillas by firing squad and sentenced another 8 to death in Angola’s Pango camp.
    (Econ, 1/12/13, p.75)
1984        The South African magazine Drum was bought by Naspers, a staunchly pro-apartheid media house. The magazine was founded in 1951 in Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)

1984        In South Korea Yoon Jeong-Hun (58) was arrested on charges of collecting military secrets for North Korea while studying at a medical college in Seoul. Yoon, who was born to Korean parents in Osaka, Japan, was sentenced to seven years in jail in the same year. He was paroled in 1988. In 2011 an appeals court cleared him of espionage charges, saying his confession was made under torture by military investigators.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)

1984        In Spain excavations began in a cave in the Atapuerco mountains at a site called Sima de los Huesos (the Pit of the Bones). In 2014 a UC Berkeley scientist dated Neanderthal bones found there to between 410,000 and 470,000 years of age.
    (SFC, 6/20/14, p.D1)(www.atapuerca.org/huesosin.htm)

1984        The island of St. Kitts established a Citizenship-by-Investment Program. The selling of passports surged after terms were revised in 2007.
    (http://www.ciu.gov.kn/)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.29)

1984        War rekindled in the Sudan. A government official stated that: "The southerners were being used by the Marxist Ethiopians and by Col. Qaddafi of Libya to cause trouble for Sudan." Pres. Nimeiri set an edict to make Islamic law the code of the land. The Sudanese People’s Liberation Army was led by John Garang a former Sudanese army colonel with a Ph.D. in economics from Iowa St. Univ.
    (NG, May 1985, p.609)

1984        Syria began the production of nerve gas.
    (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)

1984        Abdullah Ocalan, founder of the Kurdistan Worker’s party, PKK, turned the group toward armed struggle against the Turkish government.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 11/14/98, p.A11)

1984        A tapestry depicting Pablo Picasso's "Guernica," commissioned in 1955 by Nelson A. Rockefeller, was loaned to the UN and adorned the wall at the entrance to the 15-nation Security Council chamber at the UN's New York headquarters. In 2021 Rockefeller's son, Nelson A. Rockefeller Jr. "notified the UN of his intention to retrieve it," and said the tapestry was returned in early February.
    (CBS News, 2/26/21)
1984        The UN Security Council adopted a resolution which said any attempts to settle any part of Varosha in northern Cyprus by people other than its original inhabitants is “inadmissible." It called “for the transfer of that area to the administration of the United Nations." A 1992 resolution reaffirmed the 1984 resolution and called for Varosha to be put under control of the UN peacekeeping force in Cyprus — but that did not happened. In 2020 Ankara announced the opening of the coastline of Varosha.
    (AP, 10/10/20)   
1984        UNESCO add the city center of Cartagena, Colombia, to its list of world heritage sites.
    (Econ., 7/4/20, p.26)

1984        Upper Volta under Thomas Sankara was renamed Burkina Faso (the land of upright people).
    (WUD, 1994, p.1571)(AP, 11/22/14)

1984        Uruguay‘s military dictatorship locked up an opposition leader.
    (Econ, 11/14/15, p.36)
1984        In Uruguay the military regime fell.
    (SFC, 8/17/00, p.A18)

1984        In Uzbekistan an earthquake, later linked to the extraction of hydrocarbons, killed one person.
    (Econ, 5/3/14, p.72)

1984        Pope John Paul II visited South Korea and canonized over 100 martyrs executed from 1791-1888 during the Joseon Dynasty.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A7)

1984-1985    Dynasty was the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 25%.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)
1984-1985    Britain’s PM Thatcher’s clashes with miner’s union leader Arthur Scargill, during the miner’s strike over this period, established a turning point in British industrial relations.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.49)
1984-1985    Severe famine hit Ethiopia and took an estimated 100,000 lives. The military regime taxed aid and spent the proceeds on a grand celebration of the success of Marxism.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8,12)(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)(Econ, 4/1/17, p.40)
1984-1985    Famine ravaged the Karamoja region of eastern Uganda.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.46)

1984-1986    The Florida prison population rose from 26,471 to 30,000.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A2)

1984-1986    Earth’s cloud banks were monitored by satellites of the ERBE (Earth Radiation Budget Experiment). Three satellites monitored virtually all of the atmosphere.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.125)

1984-1987    George Sanchez, the "Ski Mask" rapist of San Jose, Ca., attacked 26 women over this time before he was arrested.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A1)

1984-1993    Brian Mulroney, Progressive Conservative, served as the 18th Prime Minister of Canada.
    (CFA, '96, p.81)

1984        Sep-1993 Dec, In South Africa some 19,000 people were killed in political violence during this period.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E1)

1984-1990    In Israel Ariel Sharon served as the trade minister in the national unity government headed by Yitzhak Shamir of Likud and Shimon Peres of Labor.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)

1984-1994    In California at least 5 elderly men were suspected of being swindled and murdered by the SF Tene family in the "foxglove" murder case. The family was related to the Tene-Bimbo Gypsy clan of New York city. In 1997 5 indictments were issued on family members. Three more suspects were still being sought.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A21)(SFC,11/8/97, p.A11)

1984-1996    In South Africa fighting between the Inkatha and the ANC parties was believed to have killed 14,000 people over this time.
    (USAT, 6/25/96, p.10A)

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