Timeline 1983

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1983        Jan 1, Lt. Gov. Mario Cuomo (b.1932) succeeded Hugh Carey as governor of New York. Cuomo served 3 terms as the state’s 56th governor.
1983        Jan 1, Pope John Paul II declared this year to be an extraordinary Holy Year to mark the 1,950th anniversary of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ in year 33.
    (SFC, 12/24/99, p.A15)
1983        Jan 1, TCP/IP became the standard for Internet protocol.
    (SFC, 8/30/99, p.C10)

1983        Jan 2, The musical play "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip, closed at Broadway’s Alvin Theater after a run of 2,377 performances.
    (AP, 1/2/98)
1983        Jan 2, "Sophisticated Ladies" closed at the Lunt-Fontanne, NYC, after 767 performances.

1983        Jan 3, In Hawaii the Pu’u O’o vent of the Kilauea volcano lit up the skies for the first time and began a state of almost constant eruption.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T6)

1983        Jan 4, US Congress amended the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act with the Orphan Drug Act (P.L. 97-414). Additional orphan drug amendments were passed in 1984, 1985 and 1988.
    (www.fda.gov/orphan/progovw.htm)(WSJ, 11/15/05, p.A1)

1983        Jan 5, President Reagan announced he was nominating Elizabeth Dole to succeed Drew Lewis as secretary of transportation. Dole became the first woman to head a Cabinet department in Reagan's administration, and the first to head the DOT.
    (AP, 1/5/03)

1983        Jan 8, In North Korea Kim Jong Il's third and youngest son Jong Un is believed to have been born.
    (AP, 12/28/11)

1983        Jan 13, Carlo Rubbia of Harvard Univ. announced from a workshop in Rome the first evidence for the discovery of a vector boson.
    (JST-TMC,1983, p.106)

1983        Jan 14, In Iowa Terry Branstad (b.1946) began serving as governor and continued to 1999 after which he became president of Des Moines Univ. In 2011 he began serving a 5th term as governor of Iowa.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.34)

1983        Jan 15, Meyer Lansky (born Majer Suchowlinski, July 4, 1902), American gangster, died. He and Charles "Lucky" Luciano were instrumental in the development of the so-called "National Crime Syndicate" in the United States. He was the intellectual impetus behind the Commission and the so-called "Mogul of the Mob." In 2004 Enrique Cirules authored "The Secret Life of Meyer Lansky in Havana." The book was only available in Cuba in Spanish.
    (AP, 5/28/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meyer_Lansky)

1983        Jan 17, Alabama Gov George C. Wallace (1919-1998), became governor for a record 4th time.

1983        Jan 19, The New Catholic code expanded women's rights in the Church.
    (HN, 1/19/99)
1983        Jan 19, Apple’s Lisa computer went on sale for $1400. It was pulled from the market after 2 years.
    (SFC, 8/25/11, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Lisa)

1983        Jan 23, Cosmos 1402, a Russian nuclear powered satellite launched in 1982, fell into the Indian Ocean.

1983        Jan 24, George Cukor (b.1899), film director, died. His films included My Fair Lady, A Star is Born, Born Yesterday, Love Among the Ruins and The Philadelphia Story.
    (AP, 7/7/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Cukor)

1983        Jan 25, The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) space probe, sponsored by the United Kingdom, the US, and the Netherlands, was launched. It studied infrared radiation from across the cosmos and exposed stars as they were born from clouds of gas and dust.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)
1983        Jan 25, Klaus Barbie, SS chief of Lyon in Nazi-France, was arrested in Bolivia.
1983        Jan 25, China's supreme court commuted the death sentence of Jiang Qing, Mao's widow, to life.

1983        Jan 26, Paul Bryant (Bear Bryant), former Univ. of Alabama football coach, died at age 69. In 1975 he authored his autobiography “Bear."

1983        Jan 27, In San Francisco the Rock & Bowl at 1855 Haight St. held its opening night. Gilbert Klein (1946-2018) took over the 22 lanes of the Park Bowl and reopened it as Rock & Bowl. The facility closed in 1996 and re-opened as Amoeba Music.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.E4)(SFC, 5/2/18, p.D6)

1983        Jan, This month’s issue of Hustler magazine featured "Dirty Pool," that depicted a woman being gang-raped on a pool table.
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A27)
1983        Jan, Pres. Reagan signed a reauthorization of the independent council act, despite strong misgivings by his Justice Department.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.6)

1983        Feb 3, Cardinal Antonio Samore (b.1905), Vatican representative and archivist, died. In 1978 he mediated the Beagle conflict, a border dispute between Argentina and Chile.

1983        Feb 4, Singer-musician Karen Carpenter (32) died in Downey, Ca.
    (AP, 2/4/08)
1983        Feb 4, In Texas Wanda Lopez was murdered in Corpus Christi. In 1989 Carlos DeLuna (27) was executed for her murder. In 2012 a report, entitled "Los Tocayos Carlos: Anatomy of a Wrongful Execution," said DeLuna was not guilty of the murder.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)(http://www3.law.columbia.edu/hrlr/ltc/)

1983        Feb 5, Former Nazi Gestapo official Klaus Barbie (1913-1991), expelled from Bolivia, was brought to trial in Lyon, France. He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/5/03)(www.izieu.com/new_page_7.htm)

1983        Feb 7, Elizabeth H. Dole was sworn in as the first female secretary of transportation by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, the first woman to sit on the US Supreme Court.
    (AP, 2/7/03)
1983        Feb 7, Iran opened an invasion in the southeast of Iraq.
    (HN, 2/7/99)

1983        Feb 8, Baseball ordered Mickey Mantle (1931-1995) to sever ties with Claridge Casino.
1983        Feb 8, Champion thoroughbred Shergar was kidnapped in Ireland and never found. Lloyds of London paid $10.6 million insurance.

1983        Feb 9, In a dramatic reversal from 50 years earlier, the Oxford Union Society at Oxford University rejected, 416 to 187, a motion "that this House would not fight for Queen and Country."
    (AP, 2/9/00)

1983        Feb 13-1983 Feb 14, The Americus and Altair fishing boats sank in the Bering Sea and 14 fishermen from Anacortes, Wa., died. In 1998 Patrick Dillon authored "Lost At Sea," an account of the tragedy.
    (WSJ, 11/13/98, p.W12)
1983        Feb 15, Norman Thomas discovered asteroid 3367 Alex, 3413 Andriana, 3525 Paul & 3580.

1983        Feb 16, In India a bomb wounded 13 people in the latest election violence in the northeastern state of Assam. The assassination pushed the death toll from 15 days of violence to at least 217 people.

1983        Feb 17, In California Denise Denofrio was found strangled to death in a car in Fairfield. Alan Hall was convicted in the case of voluntary manslaughter in July. In 1997 a suspected friend of Denofrio lured Hall into having sex and then severed his penis with a knife and escaped.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A17,20)

1983        Feb 18, Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft, left the company but kept his stake in the business. Allen was forced to resign from Microsoft after being diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease which was successfully treated by several months of radiation therapy.
    (http://tinyurl.com/62v8hh9)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.90)(www.thocp.net/biographies/allen_paul.htm)
1983        Feb 18, The Venezuelan bolivar suffered a serious devaluation. Pres. Luis Herrera initiated a round of currency devaluations. The Herrera government was forced to devalue the currency, which at 4.3 bolivars to the US dollar had been underwriting a lifestyle the country could no longer afford. By 2000 the bolivar lost 16,185% to the dollar.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2007/nov/13/guardianobituaries.venezuela)(WSJ, 1/05/00, p.A11)

1983        Feb 18-1983 Feb 20, In India Hindu attacks against Moslems in Assam state left over 1500 dead.

1983        Feb 19, A shooting at the Wah Mee gambling parlor in Seattle, Wa., left 13 men dead. Kwan-Fai Mak and Benjamin Ng were later found guilty on 13 murder counts and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A7)(SFC, 4/16/07, p.A8)(AP, 2/19/08)

1983        Feb 22, Harold Washington (1922-1987) won Chicago's Democratic mayoral primary.

1983        Feb 23, Adrian Boult (b.1889), British conductor, died.

1983        Feb 24, A US congressional commission, the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, released a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II as a "grave injustice."
    (AP, 2/24/98)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.A10)
1983        Feb 24, Tennessee Williams, US playwright born as Thomas Lanier Williams (1911), died in NYC. He left a $10 million estate to support his sister and directed that anything left go to support aspiring writers at the Univ. of the South of Sewanee. His plays included “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" and “The Rose Tattoo" originally titled "The Eclipse of May 29, 1919." In 1995 Lyle Leverich (d.1999 at 79) published "Tom: The Unknown Tennessee Williams," a definitive work on the playwright's formative years. In 2007 editor Margaret Bradham Thornton published “Notebooks: Tennessee Williams."
    (http://tinyurl.com/s8zm5)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M6)

1983        Feb 25, Tennessee Williams (71), playwright, was found dead in his NYC hotel suite.
    (AP, 2/25/08)
1983        Feb 25, A 10-year-old girl, Jeanine Nicarico of Naperville in DuPage County, Ill., was raped and murdered. Rolando Cruz was convicted and served 10 years on death row before a sheriff's officer recanted on his story and exonerated Cruz. In 1999 7 prosecutors and sheriff's deputies went on trial on charges of conspiracy to frame an innocent man. Cruz, a small-time criminal, started out as an informant in the case. Charges against 2 prosecutors were dismissed and 4 sheriff's officers and a prosecutor were acquitted in 1999. In 2005 convicted killer Brian Dugan was indicted by a DuPage County grand jury, a full decade after an expert concluded DNA evidence linked him to the crime.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A6)(SFC, 4/7/99, p.A5)(SFC, 6/5/99, p.A7)(AP, 2/25/06)

1983        Feb 26, Michael Jackson's "Thriller" album went to #1 and stayed #1 for 37 weeks.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1983        Feb 26, Short-wave pirate Radio USA in Wellsville, NY, began transmission.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1983        Feb 28, The last episode of M*A*S*H was shown. A record 125 million made MASH the most watched TV show.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A26)(SFEC, 4/19/98, DB p.38)(http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/2000-2/)

1983        Mar 1, A tornado producing F2 damage touched down in St. Louis, Mo. It later strengthened and produced F3 damage in Illinois causing five million dollars in damage.
1983        Mar 1, Arthur Koestler (b.1905), Hungary-born British writer (Dialogue With Death), died in a double suicide with his wife in London. His novels included "Darkness at Noon" (1940). In 1998 David Cesarani authored "Arthur Koestler: The Homeless Mind." In 2009 Michael Scammell authored “Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century Skeptic."
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, Books p.F3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Koestler)

1983        Mar 2, The USSR launched spacecraft "TKS-M" to "Salyut-7" space station, which was named "Cosmos-1443".

1983        Mar 3, Peter Ivers (b.1946), American musician, was found bludgeoned to death in his Los Angeles apartment. In 2008 Josh Frank authored “In heaven Everything Is Fine: The Unsolved Life of Peter Ivers and the Lost History of New Wave Theater."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Ivers)(SFC, 8/29/08, p.E1)
1983        Mar 3, Georges Remi (b.1907), Belgian author and illustrator, died. In 1929 Remi, under the pseudonym Herge, created the cartoon character Tintin. Remi is known as the father of the modern European comic book. In 2006 Tom McCarthy authored “Tintin and the Secret of Literature." In 2007 Philippe Goddin authored “Herge: Lignes de vie," a biography of Herge.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herg%C3%A9)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.98)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.84)

1983        Mar 5, The Australian Labor Party won the federal election. The new prime minister, former trade unionist Bob Hawke, had vowed to stop the Franklin River dam from being constructed, and the anti-dam vote increased Hawke's majority.

1983        Mar 6, Country Music Television (CMT) began showing.
1983        Mar 6, "On Your Toes" opened at Virginia Theater in NYC for 505 performances.
1983        Mar 6, In a case that drew much notoriety, a woman in New Bedford, Mass., reported being gang-raped atop a pool table in a tavern; four men were later convicted.
    (AP, 3/6/98)
1983        Mar 6, Helmut Kohl's CDU/CSU won West German parliament elections.

1983        Mar 7, TNN (The Nashville Network) began on Cable TV.
1983        Mar 7, Igor Markevitch (b.1912), Ukraine-born conductor, composer, died in Antibes.
1983        Mar 7, In France Claude Vivier (b.1948), a French-Canadian composer, was found stabbed to death. A 19-year-old man was convicted of the murder. Vivier left behind 48 completed scores and part of a 49th. His 1976 "Siddartha" was a 30 minute orchestral piece written on commission from the CBC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Vivier)(SFEC, 1/4/98, DB. p.31)

1983        Mar 8, Pres Reagan called the USSR an "Evil Empire."
1983        Mar 8, IBM released PC DOS version 2.0.
1983        Mar 8, William T. Walton (b.1902), English composer (Belhazzar's feast), died.

1983        Mar 9, Margaret Heckler was sworn in as secretary of Health and Human Services, the same day Anne M. Burford resigned as head of the embattled Environmental Protection Agency.
    (AP, 3/9/08)

1983        Mar 10, Dorka Lisker (66) was stabbed to death at her Sherman Oaks, Ca., home. Her son Bruce, age 17 at the time of the murder, was convicted of her murder in 1985 and was sentenced to life in prison. Lisker confessed to the murder in prison, but said he only did so in hopes of getting parole. In 2009 he was freed on bail after a judge overturned his conviction due to false evidence and sloppy defense work. Prosecutors decided not to retry him.
    (SFC, 8/14/09, p.D4)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.D5)

1983        Mar 13, "Woman of the Year" closed at Palace Theater NYC after 770 performances.

1983        Mar 15, World Consumer Rights Day (WCRD) was first observed. US President John F Kennedy gave an address to Congress on March 15, 1962, in which he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights. He was the first world leader to do so.
1983        Mar 15, Rebecca West (born in 1892 as Cicily Fairfield), British writer, died. Her books included "The Return of the Soldier" (1918) and "Black Lamb and Grey Falcon," which was written following a trip through Yugoslavia. She had a relationship with H.G. Wells that led to the birth of a son, Anthony. In 1996 Carl Rollyson wrote her biography: "Rebecca West: A Life." Her pen name came from a character in Ibsen’s play "Rosmersholm." In 2000 the "Selected Letters of Rebecca West" was edited by Bonnie Kime Scott. In 2003 Bernard Schweitzer edited and introduced her work "Survivors in Mexico."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebecca_West)(WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A28)(SSFC, 6/8/03, p.M3)

1983        Mar 17, Laura Marie Purchase was murdered in southeast Texas. In 2021 police in Kansas arrested Thomas Elvin Darnell (75), following DNA evidence that linked him to her sexual assault and murder.
    (https://tinyurl.com/46skkx5r)(SFC, 5/22/21, p.A4)

1983        Mar 18, Mexico's financial crisis was causing a surge of illegal aliens over the border into Texas.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1983        Mar 21, The US signed the Strasbourg Treaty with European nations for the exchange of prisoners.
    (SFC, 11/9/99, p.A13)(http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/en/Treaties/Html/112.htm)

1983        Mar 23, President Reagan first proposed development of technology to intercept enemy missiles -- a proposal that came to be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative, as well as "Star Wars." In 2000 Frances FitzGerald authored "Way Out There in the Blue," a study of Reagan and his SDI program.
    (AP, 3/23/97)(WSJ, 3/23/00, p.A20)
1983        Mar 23, Dr. Barney Clark, recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.
    (AP, 3/23/97)

1983        Mar 26, US performed a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1983        Mar 26, Anthony Blunt (b.1907), art historian and one of Britain's most notorious Cold War spies, died in London. In a memoir published in 2009 he admitted that spying for Russia was "the biggest mistake of my life." He had written his memoirs, with the stipulation they should not published until a quarter of a century after his death.
    (AFP, 7/23/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Blunt)

1983        Mar 27, Neil Simon's "Brighton Beach Memoirs," premiered in NYC.

1983        Mar 31, A 5.4 earthquake hit the region of Popoyan, Colombia. It killed about 250 people and left some 1,500 injured.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T10)(http://tinyurl.com/2pmrpn)

1983        Mar, Compact Disc recordings, introduced by Phillips and Sony in Europe in 1982, were introduced to the US.
1983        Mar, In Guatemala on the eve of Pope John Paul’s visit Gen’l. Montt had 6 rebel suspects executed.
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.D3)(http://tinyurl.com/ckmy6)
1983        Mar, Chaim Herzog was elected as the 6th president of Israel and served for 10 years.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.E2)

1983        Apr 1, Tens of thousands of anti-nuke demonstrators linked arms in 14-mile human chain spanning three defense installations in rural England, including the Greenham Common US Air Base.
    (AP, 4/1/03)

1983        Apr 3, Martin Cooper, Motorola project manager, demonstrated the 1st mobile phone, the DynaTAC 8000x. It was designed by Rudy Krolopp. The 2½ pound cell phone was soon made available for $3,995.
    (SFC, 4/12/00, p.D3)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.B1)(NW, 3/17/03, p.14)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.D1)

1983        Apr 4, The space shuttle Challenger roared into orbit on its maiden voyage and the first US female into space was Sally Ride.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1983)(AP, 4/4/97)

1983        Apr 5, France threw out 47 Soviet diplomats accusing them of espionage..

1983        Apr 6, Saying rock 'n' roll bands attracted "the wrong element," Interior Secretary James Watt declined to invite the Beach Boys to perform at a Washington Fourth of July celebration -- a stand he later reversed.
    (AP, 4/6/98)
1983        Apr 6, Melida Anaya Montes ("Comandante Ana Maria"), Salvadoran FMLN guerrilla leader, was killed in Nicaragua, where many Salvadoran guerrillas took refuge under its leftist government. In 2007 her body was exhumed and buried in her homeland.
    (AP, 6/14/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ana_Mar%C3%ADa)

1983        Apr 7, Specialist Story Musgrave and Don Peterson took the first US space walk in almost a decade as they worked in the open cargo bay of Challenger for nearly four hours.
    (HN, 4/7/97)(AP, 4/7/03)

1983        Apr 9,    The space shuttle Challenger, commanded by Astronaut Paul J. Weitz (1932-2017), ended its first mission with a safe landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
    (AP, 4/9/97)(SFC, 10/25/17, p.D7)

1983        Apr 10, King Hussein of Jordan, officially renounced pursuing any negotiations to implement the Reagan Plan, and ceased negotiations with PLO.

1983        Apr 11, In the 3rd Golden Raspberry Awards: Inchon! won.
1983        Apr 11, In the 55th Academy Awards "Gandhi," Ben Kingsley and Meryl Streep won.

1983        Apr 12, Chicagoans went to the polls to elect Harold Washington the city's first black mayor.
    (AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/12/98)

1983        Apr 15, The costliest theft in Israel's history saw 106 timepieces worth millions of dollars disappear from the L.A. Mayer Museum for Islamic Art. Among them was a pocket watch made for French queen Marie Antoinette that museum officials valued at more than $30 million. In 2008 detectives blamed Naaman Diller, a notorious Israeli thief, who fled to Europe and died in the United States in 2004. Diller apparently confessed the crime to his wife on his deathbed. When Israeli police and American law enforcement officials arrived at Diller's wife's Los Angeles home to question her, they found some more of the stolen clocks. Others were later found in hidden locations in Israel and around the world. They were put up for display again in 2009.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(AP, 7/20/09)
1983        Apr 15, Tokyo Disneyland opened.

1983        Apr 17, Mark W. Clark (b.1896), US general (WW II), died.
1983        Apr 17, Felix Pappalardi (b.1939), singer and producer for the group Mountain, was fatally shot by his wife, Gail Collins, in their East Side Manhattan apartment. She had co-written songs for the group and designed their famous album covers.
    (SSFC, 12/27/20, p.C11)
1983        Apr 17, In Warsaw, police routed 1,000 Solidarity supporters.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1983        Apr 18, Alice Walker (b.1944) won a Pulitzer Prize for "The Color Purple."
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.M1)
1983        Apr 18, At the US Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, 63 people, including 17 Americans, were killed by a suicide bomber. In 1996 sixteen Islamic militants were ordered to stand trial by a military court in Lebanon. Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyah was suspected of involvement. CIA agent Robert Ames was among those killed. In 2014 Kai Bird authored “The Good Spy: The Life and Death of Robert Ames."
    (WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 8/3/06, p.A4)(AP, 4/18/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.87)

1983        Apr 20, Pres. Reagan signed a $165B bail out for Social Security.

1983        Apr 21, Walter Slezak (b.1902), Austrian-born actor (Bedtime For Bonzo), committed suicide in NY.

1983        Apr 22, Earl Hines (b.1903), jazz pianist and bandleader, died in Oakland, Ca. He was one of jazz’s greatest pianist and was universally known as Earl “Fatha" Hines.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_Hines)
1983        Apr 22, In Germany the bogus “Hitler Diaries" was published by Stern Magazine. Stern magazine announced the discovery of a 60 volume personal diary written by Adolph Hitler. It turned out to be a hoax.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A19)(AP, 4/22/07)

1983        Apr 23, Buster Crabbe (b.1908), 400m US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932), died.

1983        Apr 25, "Nightline" expanded from a 1/2 hour to a full hour. The new format proved to be unsuccessful, and after a few months, the old program was restored.
    (SS, 4/25/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nightline)
1983        Apr 25, Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov invited Samantha Smith to visit his country after receiving a letter in which the Manchester, Maine, schoolgirl expressed fears about nuclear war.
    (AP, 4/25/97)
1983        Apr 25, The Pioneer 10 spacecraft crossed Pluto's orbit, speeding on its endless voyage through the Milky Way.
    (AP, 4/25/97)

1983        Apr 26, The Dow Jones moved past 1200 for the first time.

1983        Apr 27, Nolan Ryan became the strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson.
1983        Apr 27, SF Mayor Diane Feinstein overwhelmingly defeated a recall attempt.
    (SSFC, 4/27/08, DB p.58)
1983        Apr 27, In San Diego, Ca., Philip Buell, age 33 months, died from injuries of a fall while under the care of Ken Marsh. In 1984 Marsh was convicted of murder. He was freed in 2004, after spending 21 years in prison, before it was proven that he had been wrongfully convicted. In 2005 state prosecutors ruled that he should be compensated $756,000 for the time spent in prison.
    (SFC, 12/10/05, p.B2)(http://freekenmarsh.com/declarations.html)

1983        Apr 28, The nuclear powered aircraft carrier Enterprise ran aground in SF Bay and was stick for over 5 hours yards from her berth at the Alameda Naval air Station.
    (SSFC, 4/27/08, DB p.58)
1983        Apr 28, Argentine government declared all 15-30,000 "missing persons" dead from "Dirty War."

1983        Apr 29, Harold Washington was sworn in as the first black mayor of Chicago.
    (AP, 4/29/98)(HN, 4/29/98)

1983        Apr 30, McKinley Morganfield (68), better known as Muddy Waters, died at his suburban home in Westmont, Illinois. The US blues singer and guitarist (Mad Love) was known as the King of the Blues. The Mississippi-born guitarist revolutionized the genre in Chicago in the 1940s and 50s with his electric blues.

1983        Apr, This month’s issue of Nature had an article by John Baross and his colleagues on bacterial biota in the superheated waters of smokers, conical mounds on the ocean floor that spout water at 650 degrees.
    (Nat. Hist. 3/96, p.23)
1983        Apr, The first Black College Spring Break festival was held in Atlanta.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A17)

1983        May 1, "My One & Only" opened at St James Theater in NYC for 767 performances.
1983        May 1, Charles McCabe (68), SF Chronicle columnist, was found dead at his home at 22 Alta St.
    (SSFC, 4/27/08, DB p.58)

1983        May 2, A 6.4 earthquake injured 94 people in Coalinga, Ca., and caused an estimated $10 million in damages.

1983        May 7, Mirella Gregori (15) went missing in Rome. In 2018 the news agency ANSA reported that prosecutors were focusing on whether the remains found in an annex of the Holy See's embassy in Rome could be linked either to Gregori, or to Emanuela Orlandi, another 15-year-old girl who went missing a month later.
    (AP, 10/31/18)

1983        May 10, The last episode of the TV sitcom "Laverne & Shirley", subtitled “Hear Today Hair Tomorrow," aired on ABC-TV.
1983        May 10, Dominica PM Dame Eugenia Charles chose to support Taiwan out of political conviction (www.thedominican.net/articles/newsdesk6.htm).
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.29)

1983        May 14, Fyodor Abramov (b.1920), Russian playwright, died in Leningrad. His plays included “Brothers and Sisters."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fyodor_Abramov)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.96)
1983        May 14, In Warsaw, Poland, Grzegorz Przemyk (19), student and son of Solidarity Grzegorz activist Barbara Sadowska,  died from internal injurious while in police custody.

1983        May 15, The Madison Hotel in Boston, Mass., was destroyed by implosion.

1983        May 18, The US Senate passed the Simpson-Mazzoli bill for immigration reform. It offered millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program.

1983        May 21, Eric Hoffer (b.1898), longshoreman-philosopher, died in SF. His writings included "The True Believer" (1951), a critical view of mass movements, "The Passionate State of Mind," "The Ordeal of Change," and "The Temper of the Time."
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Hoffer)

1983        May 23, Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev (35) praised Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia. He was removed from the air. Soviet sources said that Vladimir Danchev, the Radio Moscow news announcer who twice in six days described Soviet troops in Afghanistan as an occupying force, had been dismissed and was under investigation.

1983        May 24, The US Supreme Court ruled, in Bob Jones University v. United States, that the government can deny tax breaks to schools that racially discriminate against students. This upheld a 1970 ruling.
1983        May 24, Fred Sinowatz (1929-2008)  became Austrian Chancellor and continued for 3 years.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Sinowatz)

1983        May 25, "Return of the Jedi" (Star Wars 3) was released.
1983        May 25, The 1st National Missing Children's Day was observed under a proclamation by Pres. Reagan. This marked the May 25, 1979, date when Etan Patz (6) disappeared while walking to the bus stop on his way to school in Manhattan.
1983        May 25, France performed a nuclear test at Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific.
1983        May 25, Sydney Box (b.1907), British academy award producer, died.

1983        May 26, A 7.8 earthquake struck off the shore of Hokkaido, Japan, and a major tsunami followed. Some 100 fatalities were due to the tsunami.

1983        May 28, In Peru 15 peasants were murdered by soldiers near the village of Totos. A witness pointed out their graves in 2004.
    (AP, 5/29/04)

1983        May 31, Jack Dempsey (b.1895), former US heavyweight boxing champ (1919-1926), died. Dempsey wrote a book on boxing, “Championship Fighting: Explosive Punching and Aggressive Defence" (1950). In 1999 Roger Kahn authored "A Flame of Pure Fire: Jack Dempsey and the Roaring Twenties."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Dempsey)(WUD, 1994, p.385)

1983        May, In Montgomery, Ala., the mysterious Jack Smith invited a number of Blacks and Whites to have supper together at the Piccadilly Cafeteria. 35 people convened and the Friendly Supper Club thus was born and continued to convene.
    (WSJ, 12/17/98, p.A1,10)
1983        May, A 40 million year-old whale fossil of this age was found along the Savannah River in Georgia during the building of the Plant Vogtle nuclear power facility.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.A10)
1983        May, The comet IRAS-Araki-Alcock came within 3 million miles of Earth.
    (NG, 12/97, p.106)
1983        May, Chile’s Gen'l. Pinochet reacted to protests with strong repression.
    (SFC, 12/11/06, p.A4)

1983        Jun 2, Kevin Cooper escaped from the state prison in Chino, Ca., where he was serving time for burglary.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, p.B3)
1983        Jun 2, A toilet caught fire on Air Canada's DC-9 and 23 died at Cincinnati.

1983        Jun 3, Gordon Kahl (b.1920), a militant tax protester wanted in the slayings of two US marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle with law enforcement officials near Smithville, Ark. Kahl was a former member of the anti-tax Posse Comitatus movement founded in 1969 by Henry L Beach.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(http://law.jrank.org/pages/9290/Posse-Comitatus.html)

1983        Jun 4, In Chino Hills, Ca., Douglas and Peggy Ryen and their 10-year old daughter, Jessica, were killed in the master bedroom of their home. Christopher Hughes (11), a neighbor, was also killed. Joshua Ryen (8) survived despite serious wounds. Kevin Cooper, who escaped from Chino prison on June 2, was arrested 47 days later and was convicted for the murders in 1985 and faced execution. Cooper claimed he was innocent and called for DNA testing of the evidence in 2000. In 2003 an execution date of Feb 10, 2004, was set for Cooper. Cooper won a last minute reprieve on Feb 9 pending a re-examination of the case. In 2005 a federal judge upheld his death penalty. In 2016 Cooper's lawyers asked for a reprieve and new DNA testing.
    (www.savekevincooper.org/background.html)(SFC, 12/18/03, p.A21)(SFC, 2/11/04, p.A4)(SFC, 7/4/18, p.A8)

1983        Jun 5, In the 37th Tony Awards: “Torch Song Trilogy" won for best play and “Cats" won for best musical.

1983        Jun 6, James Casey (b.1988), co-founder of United Parcel Service (UPS), died.
1983        Jun 6, Maine resident Kitty Wardwell (29) was reportedly last seen by her boyfriend, Francis Julian. A friend reported her missing on July 11. Julian (80) died in 2011 and a storage unit rented in his name was found to contain Wardwell’s body.
    (http://officialcoldcaseinvestigations.com/showthread.php?t=11358)(SFC, 12/3/11, p.A5)
1983        Jun 6, First Session of Sixth National People's Congress opened. The Congress elected Li Xiannian as President and Deng Xiaoping as supreme commander of China.

1983        Jun 7, A. Gilmore & P. Kilmartin discovered asteroid #3152.

1983        Jun 9, Margaret Thatcher's Conservative Party won the British parliamentary election. The Labour Party under Michael Foot won just 209 seats.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_general_election,_1983)(Econ, 4/22/17, p.49)

1983        Jun 12, Norma Shearer (80), Canadian-born Hollywood film actress, died.
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, Par p.2)

1983        Jun 13, The US space probe Pioneer 10, launched in 1972, became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system as it crossed the orbit of Neptune.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(HN, 6/13/98)

1983        Jun 15, The US Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion.
1983        Jul 15, In France a bomb explodes in front of the THY counter at Orly airport. 8 people were killed and more than sixty injured. A 29 years old Syrian-Armenian named Varadjian Garbidjian (d.2019) confessed to having planted the bomb. He admitted that the bomb was intended to have exploded once the plane was airborne. Karapetian (d.2019), who headed the French branch of the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia, later confessed to paying a passenger to check a bomb-carrying bag for him onto a Turkish Airlines flight, claiming he had too much luggage himself. Karapetian was sentenced to life imprisonment in France, but was released in 2001 on condition of his being deported to Armenia.
    (http://armenians-1915.blogspot.com/2006/12/1273-this-month-in-history-armenian.html)(AP, 1/29/19)

1983        Jun 16, Pope John Paul II visited Poland.
1983        Jun 16, Yuri Andropov (1914-1984, USSR party leader, was elected president.

1983        Jun 17, The US Air Force successfully conducted the first test flight of the Peacekeeper ICBM from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

1983        Jun 18, Astronaut Sally K. Ride became America's first woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger.
    (AP, 6/18/97)(HN, 6/18/98)
1983        Jun 18, IRA's Joseph Doherty was arrested in NYC for illegally entering the US. The British sought his extradition on charges relating to the death of a member of a British commando unit.

1983        Jun 20, The crew of the space shuttle Challenger, including America's first woman in space, Sally K. Ride, launched the Indonesian-owned Palapa B communications satellite into orbit.

1983        Jun 22, Emanuela Orlandi (b.1968), the daughter of a Vatican messenger, disappeared after a music lesson in Rome. She was 15 at the time. Her self-proclaimed kidnappers demanded the release of Ali Agca, who wounded the Pope in 1981, for her freedom. They never offered any proof they had the girl or that she was alive.
    (AP, 1/10/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emanuela_Orlandi)

1983        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court ruled that Congress cannot veto presidential decisions.
1983        Jun 24, The space shuttle "Challenger," carrying America's first woman in space, Sally K. Ride, coasted to a safe landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
    (AP, 6/24/03)(http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-7/mission-sts-7.html)

1983        Jun 26, "Evita" closed at Broadway Theater in NYC after 1568 performances.

1983        Jun 27, Maxie Anderson and Don Ida died in West Germany during a balloon race.
1983        Jun 27, The Russian Soyuz T-9 spacecraft launched from Baikonur carrying 2 cosmonauts to the Salyut 7 space station.

1983        Jun 28, A 100-foot span of the Mianus River Bridge, part of Interstate 95 in Connecticut, collapsed without warning in the middle of the night, leaving 3 dead and three injured.

1983        Jun, James Carney (53) of St. Louis, Jesuit priest-turned-guerrilla, traveled to Nicaragua, where he joined leftist guerrillas. He was captured by soldiers in September as he led a column of 100 rebels across the border into Honduras. He was never heard from again. Suspected remains found in early 2003 proved false.
    (AP, 1/29/03)(http://tinyurl.com/3ad6ek)
1983        Jun, Japan’s Nissan began to produce trucks in the US. Nissan became the first foreign carmaker in America when it opened an assembly plant in Smyrna, Tenn.
    (http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=N040)(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1983        Jul 1, Buckminster Fuller (87), visionary and inventor, died in LA. He dubbed our planet "Spaceship Earth." He was the creator of the geodesic dome and the dymaxion motor car. He founded the World Game Institute to help solve global problems through deployment of military resources.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, p.D-3)(SFC, 4/15/96, D-1)(NH, 7/96, p.10)
1983        Jul 1, In Australia the High Court on circuit in Brisbane ruled by a vote of 4 to 3 in the federal government's favor and prohibited Franklin River dam-related clearing, excavation and building activities that had been authorized by Tasmanian state legislation.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Dam)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.49)

1983        Jul 5, Harry James (b.1916), American band leader and trumpet player, died, He is best remembered for his hit "You Made Me Love You." In 1999 Peter J. Levinson authored “Trumpet Blues: The Life of Harry James."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_James)(SFC, 11/18/08, p.B4)

1983        Jul 7, Samantha Smith (11) of Manchester, Maine, left for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.
    (AP, 7/7/97)

1983        Jul 13, Chrysler under Lee Iacocca paid off the last of its guaranteed loans totaling $1.2 billion, 7 years ahead of schedule.

1983        Jul 14, In Texas Clarencio Champion (59), a party store operator in Mercedes, was stabbed during a robbery and died a week later. In 1998 David Castillo (34) was executed for the murder though he insisted on his innocence.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A3)

1983        Jul 15, In France a bomb explodes in front of the THY counter at Orly airport. 8 people were killed and more than sixty injured. A 29 years old Syrian-Armenian named Varadjian Garbidjian confessed to having planted the bomb. He admitted that the bomb was intended to have exploded once the plane was airborne.

1983        Jul 19, In Honduras Reyes Mata, a Cuban-trained doctor and guerrilla leader, led a unit of 96 Nicaraguan-trained rebels and Rev. James F. Carney into the Olancho. They were routed by the Honduran army. American CIA records, disclosed in 1998, reported that Mata was tortured and executed by the Honduran army.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C4)(www.fas.org/sgp/congress/hr051198/valladares.html)

1983        Jul 20, The US House censured Reps. Gerry Studds of Massachusetts and Daniel B. Crane of Illinois for having sexual relations with pages. Studds, a liberal Democrat who acknowledged having sex with a 17-year-old male page in 1973 and making sexual advances to two others, admitted an error in judgment but did not apologize. The first openly gay member of Congress went on to win re-election until his retirement in the mid-1990s. Crane admitted having sex several times with a 17-year-old female page in 1980. He apologized to the House in a quavering voice "for the shame I have brought down on this institution." The conservative Republican was defeated a year later.
    (AP, 9/30/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_Congressional_page_sex_scandal)

1983        Jul 21, The coldest temperature ever measured on Earth was -128.6 Fahrenheit (-89.2 Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.
    (AP, 7/23/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vostok_Station)

1983        Jul 22, Samantha Smith (11) and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 7/22/03)
1983        Jul 22, Washington Public Power Supply System defaulted $2.25 billion.
1983        Jul 22, Polish government ended 19 months of martial law. Some 100 government opponents lost their lives in the 1½ year crackdown.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.C2)(www.videofact.com/english/martial_law.htm)

1983        Jul 23, A regional struggle for independence by Tamil Tigers in the north escalated into a civil war when they killed 13 Sri Lankan Sinhalese soldiers. The nation's Sinhalese majority responded by killing thousands of Tamil civilians in the south. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam were formed and led by Vellupillai Prabhakaran. They were initially a group of 26 fighters.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.B1)

1983        Jul 24, In Sri Lanka island-wide anti-Tamil riots broke out in retaliation for the deaths of soldiers the day before and some 400 people died. This marked the beginning of the civil war.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/29/95, p.A-1)

1983        Jul 25, The first nonhuman primate, a baboon, was conceived in a lab dish in San Antonio, Tx.

1983        Jul 28, In Germany Yugoslav dissident Stjepan Durekovic was killed near Munich. In 2014 Zdravko Mustac (72), a former top spy in Yugoslavia's secret service, was charged with complicity in the murder. Prosecutors wrote that Mustac probably ordered his subordinate Josip Perkovic to plan the murder. Perkovic was also extradited to Germany in 2014. On August 3, 2016, former Yugoslav spy chief Zdravko Mustac (74) and ex-agent Josip Perkovic (71) were found guilty and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 8/12/14)(AP, 8/3/16)

1983        Jul 29, David Niven (b.1910), actor, died in Switzerland.

1983        Jul 30, Lynn Fontanne (b.1887), British-born stage and screen actress (Emmy 1965), died in Wisconsin.

1983        Jul, The Tuna Task Force (TTF) issued a draft plan of management. It contained 14 recommendations, the most important of which include the use of catch-quotas, minimum limits on fish-size, limited-entry and further limits on purse-seine operations. It was proposed that the plan should come into effect at the beginning of the 1983-84 fishing season (on 1 October 1993). Because of difficulties in reaching agreement on all aspects, this target was not achieved. Australia, New Zealand and Iceland pioneered Individual Transferable Quotas (ITQs) for commercial fisheries.
    (http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y2684E/y2684e20.htm)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.97)
1983        Jul, In Turkey the Welfare Party was founded by close aides of Necmettin Erbakan while he remained banned from politics. In April 1997 a coalition government led by Erbakan fell apart under pressure by the military and the party was banned in January 1998 by the Constitutional Court. Leaders of Refah immediately created a new party : "Fazilet," the Virtue Party.
    (AP, 11/4/02)(www.medea.be/index.html?page=2&lang=en&doc=285)

1983        Aug 3, Carolyn Jones  (b.1930), actress, died. She is best remembered for playing the role of Morticia Addams in the classic TV Series The Addams Family.

1983        Aug 4, In Burkina Faso Blaise Compaore played a key role in a coup that brought Thomas Sankara (1949-1987) to power.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.49)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Sankara)

1983        Aug 7, Some 675,000 employees struck ATT Corp.
1983        Aug 7, Cynthia Munoz (17) of Campbell, Ca., was found raped and murdered with stab wounds. In 2007 prosecutors with DNA evidence charged Christopher Melvin Holland (52) with the murder and sought his arrest. Holland was arrested in San Jose, Ca., on Oct 18, 2007.
    (http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=local&id=5710333)(SFC, 10/19/07, p.B5)

1983        Aug 8, In Guatemala Gen’l. Efrain Rios Montt (b.1926) was overthrown and the military government of Gen. Humberto Mejia Victores took power.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Efra%C3%ADn_R%C3%ADos_Montt)

1983        Aug 12, General Manuel A. Noriega (b.1938) assumed command of Panama’s National Guard.

1983        Aug 17, Ira Gershwin (b.1896), lyricist, died in Beverly Hills, Ca. Later a room at the Library of Congress’ Jefferson Building was dedicated to him and his brother George.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ira_Gershwin)(SFC, 12/4/96, p.E3)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.E5)

1983        Aug 18, Hurricane Alicia slammed into the Texas coast, leaving 21 dead and causing more than $1 billion damage.
    (AP, 8/18/08)
1983        Aug 18, Samantha Druce earned a place in the Guinness Book of Records as the youngest person to swim the English Channel. She completed the crossing in 15 hours 26 minutes at the age of 12 years 118 days.
1983        Aug 18, Nikolaus Pevsner (b.1902, German-born British architectural researcher, died. His work included the 46 volume series “The Buildings of England" (1951-1974). 
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.103)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolaus_Pevsner)

1983        Aug 19, In Florida the body of Barbara Grams (19) was found in the yard outside a dentist office. She had been attacked while walking home from her restaurant job in Tampa. In 2020 DNA evidence cleared Robert DuBoise (55) of her rape and murder. He had spent 37 years in jail based on reconstructed bite marks that the prosecution argued matched his teeth. In 2021 DuBoise filed a lawsuit in federal court accusing three former detectives, a former police sergeant and a forensic dentist of fabricating the bitemark evidence.
    (The Independent, 8/27/20)(Miami Herald, 10/9/21)

1983        Aug 21, The musical play "La Cage Aux Folles" opened on Broadway.
    (WSJ, 8/12/98, p.A13)(AP, 8/21/98)
1983        Aug 21, Philippine opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr., ending a self-imposed exile in the United States, was shot dead moments after stepping off a plane at Manila International Airport. Fabian Ver (d.1998 at 78), leader of the Philippine army, was among 20 men later charged in the murder of Aquino. Ver fled to Hawaii in 1986 along with Marcos.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1983        Aug 25, The US and USSR signed a $10 billion grain pact.
1983        Aug 25, The French cultural center in West Berlin was bombed. One person was killed and 23 injured. The attack was attributed to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(http://lists.jammed.com/IWAR/1997/12/0117.html)

1983        Aug 28, Israel’s PM Begin, reportedly despondent over the death of his wife and the rising casualty toll of Israeli troops in Lebanon, announced his intention to resign as fighting continued in Lebanon with no apparent end in sight.
    (www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3284684,00.html)(AP, 8/28/08)

1983        Aug 29, William Goyen (b.1915), Texas-born novelist and playwright, died in Los Angeles. His 1st novel was “House of Breath" (1950).

1983        Aug 30, Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first black American astronaut to travel in space, blasting off aboard the Challenger.
    (AP, 8/30/97)(HN, 8/30/98)

1983        Aug 31, In Fairfield, Ca., Kyle Stracner (15) returned home after visiting with friends and found his mother, Priscilla Strole (40), naked and beaten to death on the floor. In 2014 investigators used DNA evidence to identify Robert Hathaway (48), a childhood friend of Kyle, as the murderer. Hathaway hanged himself on Feb 15, 2014.
    (SFC, 3/6/14, p.D2)

1983        Sep 1, The KAL flight 007 was downed by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered Soviet airspace. 269 people were killed aboard the Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 including sixty-one Americans, among them Georgia Representative Larry McDonald. The order was given by Soviet Gen’l. Anatoly Kornukov who held that the plane was part of a hostile US operation. In 2005 the History Channel featured a TV documentary on the tragedy.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, A3)(AP, 9/1/97)(WSJ, 1/23/98, p.A1)(TV, 12/22/05)
1983        Sep 1, Henry "Scoop" Jackson (b.1912), Sen-D-Wash., died.

1983        Sep 2, Yitzhak Shamir (68), the Foreign Minister of Israel, was elected to succeed PM Menachem Begin as leader of the governing Herut Party.

1983        Sep 5, The "MacNeil-Lehrer Report" became the first one-hour TV news broadcast in the US. Robert MacNeil bowed out in 1995 and it became the "NewsHour with Jim Lehrer".
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PBS_NewsHour)(SFC, 1/24/20, p.A7)

1983        Sep 6, The USSR admitted to shooting down KAL 007 on Sep 1.

1983        Sep 7, Irish people voted in a referendum to amend the constitution to make abortion illegal. The 8th amendment, banning abortion, was signed into law on Oct 7, 1983.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/cqtafxh)(Econ, 8/23/14, p.52)

1983        Sep 10, John Vorster, prime minister of white-ruled South Africa from 1966 to 1978, died in Cape Town at age 67.
    (AP, 9/10/99)

1983        Sep 12, Filiberto Ojeda Rios (d.2005), a Puerto Rican nationalist leader, was involved in the robbery of a Connecticut armored truck. It was considered an act of domestic terrorism because the money was used to fund activities by the Puerto Rican nationalist Macheteros, or Cane Cutters. Only about $80,000 of the $7 million was recovered. In 2005 Rios was shot and killed by FBI agents in Puerto Rico (www.amw.com/fugitives/case.cfm?id=24432). In 2008 Avelino Gonzalez Claudio (65), a Puerto Rican militant suspected in the Connecticut robbery, was arrested in Puerto Rico, where he lived quietly under an assumed name.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2rju8s)(AP, 9/25/05)(AP, 2/8/08)
1983        Sep 12, The USSR vetoed a UN resolution deploring its shooting down of South Korea’s KAL flight 007 plane.

1983        Sep 15, New York City Cops beat to death Michael Stewart for graffiting the subway.
1983        Sep 15, Israel’s premier Begin (d.1992) resigned.

1983        Sep 17, Vanessa Williams of New York became the first black contestant to be crowned "Miss America." The following July, she also became the first Miss America to resign in the wake of her Penthouse magazine scandal.
    (AP, 9/17/98)

1983        Sep 19, Chuck Woolery (b.1941) began hosting the syndicated TV game show “Love Connection." He continued to 1995. The show was produced by Eric Lieber (1937-2008)
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Woolery)(SSFC, 7/6/08, p.B6)
1983        Sep 19, St. Kitts and Nevis became a single nation, but Nevis retained the right to secede. St Kitts and Nevis declared independence from the UK.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)(www.worldstatesmen.org/Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.html)

1983        Sep 21, In a speech to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Interior Secretary James G. Watt jokingly described a special advisory panel as consisting of "a black ... a woman, two Jews and a cripple." Although Watt later apologized, he ended up resigning.
    (AP, 9/21/98)
1983        Sep 21, The David Mamet play "Glengarry Glen Ross" was first performed in London. It won a Pulitzer Prize in 1984 and was made into a film in 1992.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glengarry_Glen_Ross)(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1983        Sep 21, In the Philippines at least 7 people were killed in anti Marcos demonstrations in Manila.

1983        Sep 23, The so-called Law of National Pacification was issued two weeks before the election that brought President Alfonsín to power. Argentina’s military regime gave a blanket amnesty to military and political killers and torturers.

1983        Sep 24, In North Carolina Sabrina Buie (11) went missing. Days later her body was found. Forensic tests showed she had been raped and suffocated. Henry McCollum (19) and his half-brother Leon Brown (15) were arrested and convicted following confessions that were coerced. In 2014 McCollum and Brown were freed after DNA evidence pointed to another man who lived near where Buie’s body was found. On June 4, 2015, McCollum and Brown were pardoned by Gov. Pat McCrory. On Sep 2, 2015, the two brothers were awarded $750,000 each for their wrongful conviction.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nqn7hoz)(SFC, 9/4/14, p.A8)(SFC, 6/5/15, p.A7)(SFC, 9/3/15, p.A6)

1983        Sep 25, In the 35th Emmy Awards the winners included Hill St Blues, Cheers, Ed Flanders and Shelley Long.
1983        Sep 25, Leslie Michelle English (2) was raped and murdered in Griffin, Georgia. Her uncle, Eddie Albert Crawford was convicted of the murder and sentenced to death. After 20 years on death row Crawford was executed July 19, 2004.
    (SFC, 7/19/04, p.A4)
1983        Sep 25, In Northern Ireland Jimmy Smythe escaped from the Maze prison near Belfast along with 37 other prisoners. He made his way to San Francisco where he was arrested and released on bail in 1992. Kevin Barry Artt, Terence Kirby, and Pol Brennan also escaped and made their way to California. They were arrested in the 1992 and held in a federal prison in Pleasanton, Ca. After a lengthy court battle, Smythe was extradited in 1996 to Northern Ireland to serve the remainder of his 20-year prison term. In 1998 he was freed from a Belfast prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/y2q4hr7u)

1983        Sep 26, The Liberty of the  New York Yacht Club lost the America Cup to the Australia II, owned by businessman Alan Bond. In 1851 the Schooner America outraced the Aurora off the English coast to win a trophy that became known as the America’s Cup. For 132 years the New York Yacht Club had defeated all challengers to retain the prestigious America’s Cup, the record for the longest winning streak in sports history.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_America%27s_Cup)(AP, 8/22/97)(SFEC, 10/1/00, p.T4)
1983        Sep 26, The Soviet Union's early warning system wrongly signaled the launch of a US Minuteman intercontinental ballistic missile. Lt. Col. Stanislav Petrov (44), in charge of the system, decided the alarm was false and did not launch a retaliatory strike. Because of military secrecy and international policy, Petrov's actions were kept secret until 1998. In 2004 the San-Francisco-based Association of World Citizens presented Petrov a World Citizen Award.
    (AP, 5/22/04)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislav_Petrov)
1983        Sep 26, Cosmonauts Titov and Strekalov were saved by their escape system when the rocket that was to carry their Soyuz T-10-1 mission into space caught fire on the launchpad.

1983        Sep 30, The first AH-64 Apache attack helicopter was rolled out by McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Co.
    (SFC, 6/18/99, p.D7)

1983        Sep, Forbes Magazine listed Gordon Getty as the richest man in America with a net worth of $2.2 billion.
    (Forbes, 9/83)

1983        Oct 4, Richard Noble set a land speed record on the Nevada Black Rock Desert of 633.47 mph.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A7)

1983        Oct 5, The TV show “Whiz Kids" was produced by Philip DeGuere Jr. and ran for one season.
    (SFC, 2/1/05, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whiz_Kids_(TV_series))
1983        Oct 5, Lech Walesa, Polish Solidarity founder, was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/5/08)
1983        Oct 5, Earl Tupper (b.1907), a Massachusetts tree surgeon, inventor and founder of Tupperware  [see 1938], died in Costa Rica. In 2008 Bob Kealing authored “Tupperware: Brownie Wise, Earl Tupper, and the Home Party Pioneers."
    (WSJ, 2/18/04, p.A9)(www.ideafinder.com/history/inventors/tupper.htm)(WSJ, 7/30/08, p.A13)

1983        Oct 6, Cardinal Terence Cooke (62), the spiritual head of the Archdiocese of New York, died.
    (AP, 10/6/08)

1983        Oct 8, Joan Hackett (b.1942), American film actress, died. Her films included “Only When I Laugh" (1981).
    (SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Hackett)

1983        Oct 9, The president of South Korea, Chun Doo Hwan, with his cabinet and other top officials were scheduled to lay a wreath on a monument in Rangoon, Burma, when a bomb exploded. Hwan had not yet arrived so escaped injury, but 17 Koreans, including the deputy prime minister and two other cabinet members, and two Burmese were killed. North Korea was blamed. In the “Rangoon Massacre" a terrorist attack plotted by North Korea killed 17 South Korean officials on a visit to Burma.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)(HN, 10/9/98)

1983        Oct 10, Israel's 20th government was formed by Yitzhak Shamir.

1983        Oct 11, The last hand cranked telephones in the US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct dial.

1983        Oct 13, The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, landed safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1983        Oct 14, Cecil Parkinson, British Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, resigned following a highly publicized extra-marital affair.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.62)(http://tinyurl.com/bfvue)

1983        Oct 15, One US marine was killed and another wounded when Marine positions at Beirut International Airport came under sniper fire from neighboring Shiite Moslem quarters.

1983        Oct 16, George Liberace (b.1911), American violinist, died. He was the older brother of Liberace (1919-1987), the famed pianist.
1983        Oct 16, Kelso, Horse of the Year for 5 years straight (1960-1964), died and was buried in Maryland. In 2007 Linda Kennedy authored “Kelso: The Horse of Gold."
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.P8)

1983          Oct 19, The US Senate established the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday as the 3rd Monday in January each year. Dr. King was born on January 15, 1929. It was not until 2000 that it was recognized in all 50 US states.
    (www.infoplease.com/spot/mlkhistory1.html)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.16)
1983        Oct 19, In Grenada an extremist Marxist faction executed PM Maurice Bishop and 4 Cabinet ministers. 17 men were later convicted of the killings during the coup that prompted a US invasion. Their death sentences were later commuted to life in prison. In 2005 they were allowed to appeal to the London-based Privy Council. In 2009 Bernard Coard and the six others — Dave Bartholomew, Callistus Bernard, Leon Cornwall, Liam James, Ewart Layne and Selwyn Strachan — were released. Ten others convicted in the killings, including Coard's wife, were previously released. The bodies of Bishop and 10 men killed with him had not been found.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.38)(AP, 6/29/05)(AP, 6/28/06)(AP, 9/5/09)

1983        Oct 21, US Pres. Ronald Reagan sent a ten-ship task force to Grenada.
    (HN, 10/21/98)

1983        Oct 22, In Marion, Ill., 2 handcuffed inmates at the federal prison killed 2 guards in separate incidents. This led to permanent lockdown at Marion, the beginning of the ADX prison, administrative maximum.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A3,4)

1983        Oct 23, A truck filled with explosives, driven by a Moslem suicide terrorist, crashed into the US Marine barracks near the Beirut International Airport in Lebanon. The bomb killed 241 Marines and sailors and injured 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurred at French military headquarters, where 58 died and 15 were injured. Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyah was suspected of involvement. In 2007 under a law allowing foreign governments to be sued in US courts, US federal judge Royce Lamberth ordered Iran to pay $2.65 billion to victims' families.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96/p.B1)(AP, 10/23/97)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A14)(AFP, 7/6/12)
1983        Oct 23, Jessica Savitch (36), news anchor (NBC-TV), died in an automobile accident with Martin Fischbein in New Hope, Pa.

1983        Oct 25, Dominica PM Dame Eugenia Charles stood next to US Pres. Ronald Reagan at the White House as he announced the US invasion of Grenada.
    (SFC, 1/8/04, p.A19)(SFC, 9/8/05, p.B7)
1983        Oct 25, Some 1,800 US Marines and Rangers, assisted by 300 soldiers from six Caribbean nations, invaded Grenada at the order of President Reagan, who said the action was needed to protect US citizens there. Protection for the American students at St. George’s Medical School was a pretext for the invasion. 45 Grenadians were killed along with 29 Cubans and 19 Americans. This day later became celebrated as Grenada’s Thanksgiving Day.
    (AP, 10/25/97)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A10)(SFC, 8/3/98,  p.A8)(HN, 10/25/98)(SFC, 3/12/07, p.B4)

1983        Oct 28, US forces led by Vice Adm. Joseph Metcalf III took control of Grenada 3 days after invading the island. Deputy PM Bernard Coard, leader of the rebellion, was captured. The fighting left 19 Americans dead along with 45 Grenadans.
    (SFC, 3/12/07, p.B4)
1983        Oct 28, In Idaho a magnitude 6.9 earthquake near Borah Peak killed two children in Challis and caused an estimated $12.5 million in property damage.

1983        Oct 30, In California the body of Sharon Ray (19) was found half-buried in the sand at Pescadero Beach in San Mateo County. In 2015 John Joseph Scott (67) was arrested after DNA evidence linked him to the victim.
    (SFC, 11/19/15, p.D4)
1983        Oct 30, Argentina held general elections. The democratic government of Raul Alfonsin replaced the 7-year-old military junta and formed a national human rights commission. The first act of the government was to annul the amnesty rushed through by the junta just before it fell.
    (www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/83.84.eng/chap.4.htm)(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D4)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.40)

1983        Oct, The TV show "Bay City Blues" began and lasted for one season. It was a one-hour drama about life in a minor league baseball team.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E5)
1983        Oct, Frank W. Epperson (89), who invented the Popsicle on an extraordinarily cold night in San Francisco in 1905, died in SF.
    (SSFC, 10/19/08, DB p.58)
1983        Oct, In Texas four bodies were found shot execution-style in an airplane hangar on the B&B Ranch north of Dallas. 3 months later chemical salesman Lester Leroy Bower Jr. was charged with capital murder. More than 20 years later, a state judge stopped Bower's scheduled July 22, 2008, execution and agreed to consider his request that evidence be examined to see if DNA testing could back up his claim of innocence. Bower was executed on June 3, 2015.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(Reuters, 6/3/15)
1983        Oct, In Australia Edwina Boyle disappeared from her Melbourne suburb home. Her husband Frederick William Boyle (35) of Carrum Downs, dismembered her, and hid her body in a 44-gallon drum. In 2006 his son-in-law opened the drum a found her remains. A post-mortem showed she died of a bullet wound to the head. In 2008 Boyle was convicted of murder.
    (AFP, 1/31/08)(Reuters, 2/9/08)
1983        Oct, Hong Kong pegged its currency to the US dollar. Hong Kong adopted a currency board. The board is a type fixed exchange rate system that requires currency in circulation to be fully matched by the country’s foreign exchange reserves. The Hong Kong dollar was pegged at 7.8 to the US dollar.
    (SFC, 2/16/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/10/98, p.A10)(Econ, 6/30/07, SR p.10)

1983        Nov 1, IBM released PC DOS version 2.1.
1983        Nov 1, Anthony van Hoboken (b.1887), Dutch musicologist, died in Zurich. He is best known for his Haydn Catalog (1957).

1983        Nov 2, President Reagan signed a bill establishing a federal holiday on the third Monday of January in honor of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. The legislation declared the national holiday beginning in January 1986.
    (AP, 11/2/98)(HNQ, 1/18/99)

1983        Nov 3, Jesse Jackson announced his candidacy for the office of President of the United States.
    (HN, 11/3/99)

1983        Nov 4, Dennis Nilsen (b.1945), serial killer, was sentenced in England to life imprisonment. He had killed at least 15 men over a 5 year period (1978-1983). All his victims were students or homeless men whom he picked up in bars and brought to his house either for sex or just for company. In 1993 Brian Masters authored “Killing for Company."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Nilsen)(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.P8)

1983        Nov 7, A bomb exploded on the 2nd floor of the Capitol, causing heavy damage but no injuries. A caller said the bomb was an action against US aggression in Grenada and Lebanon.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_United_States_Senate_bombing)

1983        Nov 8, In SF Mayor Diane Feinstein won her final 4-year term as mayor. Voters backed policy measures asking for an end to bilingual voting.
    (SSFC, 11/9/08, DB p.58)
1983        Nov 8, Wilson Goode was elected as the first black mayor of the city of Philadelphia.
    (AP, 11/8/08)
1983        Nov 8, Martha Layne Collins (b.1936) was elected as the 56th governor of Kentucky, the state’s first female governor. She served to 1987.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Layne_Collins)(AP, 11/8/08)

1983        Nov 9, Alfred Heineken, beer brewer from Amsterdam, was kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million. Heineken was freed Nov 30. Cor van Houton, the kidnapper, was shot to death in 2003.
    (HN, 11/9/98)(AP, 1/24/03)

1983        Nov 11, President Reagan became the first U.S. chief executive to address the Diet, Japan's national legislature.
    (AP, 11/11/03)

1983        Nov 13, In south Florida the beaten body of Carla Lowe was found on a roadside. She had last been seen waiting for a train at an Amtrak station in Delray Beach. On Nov. 29, 2021, Ralph Williams (59) was arrested in Jacksonville and charged with the death of Lowe.
    (AP, 12/1/21)

1983        Nov 15, In Athens, Greece, US Navy Captain George Tsantes and his driver were assassinated by the November 17 terrorist group.
    (http://arlingtoncemetery.net/gtsantes.htm)(SFC, 6/9/00, p.A14)
1983        Nov 15, Turkish Cypriots declared the northern third Cyprus a separate republic, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. It was only recognized by Turkey.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus)

1983        Nov 16, In San Francisco Nikolaus Crumbley was found murdered in McLaren Park. In 2012 police with DNA evidence from the scene arrested William Payne (47). Payne had been arrested in 1984 in connection with a sexual assault on a woman.
    (SFC, 2/1/12, p.C8)

1983        Nov 18, In Ohio Jenean Brown (19) went missing. Her body  was found 36 hours later outside Toledo. She had been beaten and nearly decapitated. In 2013 DNA tests linked Andrew Gustafson (56) to her murder. In 2014 Gustafson pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter and rape and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/23/14, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/lrsnwx3)
1983        Nov 18, Argentina announced its ability to produce enriched uranium for nuclear weapons.
    (HN, 11/18/98)

1983        Nov 19, Angela Bugay (5) was abducted in Antioch, Ca., [see Nov 26].
    (SFC, 5/29/02, p.A18)

1983        Nov 21, "Doonesbury" opened at Biltmore Theater in NYC for 104 performances.

1983        Nov 24, An IRA unit disguised as police officers seized Don Tidey, an American former chief executive of Ireland's Superquinn grocery stores, outside his Dublin home. They held him for more than three weeks in woods near the Irish border and demanded the equivalent of US$7.5 million in ransom. A joint Irish police-army search stumbled on the kidnappers' hideaway, freeing Tidey, but the IRA kidnappers killed a police officer and soldier as they escaped.
    (AP, 3/7/06)(http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch83.htm)
1983        Nov 24, PLO exchanged 6 Israeli prisoners for 4,500 Palestinians and Lebanese.

1983        Nov 25, Syria and Saudi Arabia announced a cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli.

1983        Nov 26, Over £25m worth of gold bullion bound for the Far East was stolen from the Brinks Mat warehouse, about one mile (1.6km) outside the airport perimeter, in Heathrow, England. At least 6 men stole of 6,800 gold bars worth $38.7 million.
1983        Nov 26, Angela Bugay of Antioch, Ca., 5-years-old, was found in a shallow grave in Concord, Ca. She had been kidnapped a week earlier. Larry Graham, who dated Angela’s mother, was later arrested as a suspect and prosecutors in 1995 received a court order to draw his blood for DNA evidence. In 1996 police matched the DNA of Graham, with samples recovered from the girl’s body and arrested him on charges of murder. Use of the DNA evidence was cleared in 1998. Graham was convicted Aug 20, 2002, and sentenced to death Oct 22. Graham (58) was found dead in his cell on June 16, 2009, of apparent suicide.
    (SFC, 4/26/96, p.A-19)(SFC, 5/20/98, p.A19)(SFC, 3/18/99, p.A19)(SFC, 4/15/02, p.A1)(SFC, 8/21/02, p.A15)(SFC, 10/23/02, p.A16)(SFC, 6/17/09, p.B6)

1983        Nov 27, In Spain 181 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 crashed near Madrid's Barajas airport.
    (AP, 11/27/07)

1983        Nov 28, The space shuttle Columbia blasted into orbit, carrying six astronauts who conducted experiments using the $1 billion Spacelab in the shuttle's cargo bay.
1983        Nov 28, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir met with President Reagan at the White House to discuss ways to strengthen U.S.-Israeli military and economic ties.

1983        Nov 30, Radio Shack announced the Tandy Model 2000 computer (80186 chip).
1983        Nov 30, Police freed kidnapped beer magnate Alfred Heineken in Amsterdam.

1983        Nov, The US stationed nuclear-tipped Pershing missiles on German soil.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.63)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MGM-31_Pershing)
1983        Nov, In San Francisco Jimmy "the Beard" Ferrozzo (40), the assistant manager of the Condor Club, made famous by topless dancer Carol Doda, was crushed to death by a piano that was used to raise Doda up and down on a hydraulic lift. Exotic dancer Teresa Hill (23), naked and hysterical, survived beneath him.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7lrvcuu)(SSFC, 12/30/12, DB p.42)
1983        Nov, DeWitt Duckett (14) was shot in the neck inside Harlem Park Junior High in Baltimore. Authorities later said he was killed over his Georgetown University Starter jacket. Police soon arrested 16-year-olds Alfred Chestnut, Ransom Watkins, and Andrew Stewart, charging them with murder. Witnesses later recanted and it emerged that police withheld exculpatory evidence, including that several other students identified another man as Duckett's killer. He died in 2002. In 2019 the three men convicted of the murder were exonerated.
    (The Week, 11/26/19)   
1983        Nov, Hafez Assad, president of Syria, suffered a heart attack and his brother Rifat (b.1937) tried to take power by moving tanks against other Alawite chieftains. Hafez Assad recovered and stripped Rifat of power.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A10)(www.meib.org/articles/0006_sd.htm)

1983        Dec 4, US jet fighters struck Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon in retaliation for Syrian-backed attacks on the US peacekeeping force. The Syrian anti-air defense shut down two American airplanes and a pilot was captured. The positions of the Marines at the Beirut International Airport were bombarded. Eight Marines were killed.
    (http://tinyurl.com/35ek6z)(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)

1983        Dec 6, The SF Golden Gate Bridge closed for the 2nd December in a row as winds at the toll plaza measured 77.2 mph.
    (SSFC, 11/30/08, DB p. 58)
1983        Dec 6, A bomb planted on a bus in Jerusalem exploded and killed 6 Israelis.

1983        Dec 7, In the SF Bay Area three of Marsha Carter's (25) four boys found a pool of blood on her bed in Richmond. Her body was later discovered in the trunk of a car in West Sacramento. In 2018 a jury convicted Sherill Smothers (56), a former boyfriend, of fatally stabbing Carter. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison. In 2021 Smothers was givern a new trial as DNA evidence under the victims fingernails led to Kevin Sennett, an Army reservist living in wisled to Kevin Sennett, an Army reservist living in Wisconsin.
    (SFC, 9/21/18, p.D1)(https://tinyurl.com/bh9nnp3f)(SFC, 7/23/21, p.B4)
1983        Dec 7, Edgar Graham (b.1954), member of the Northern Ireland Assembly, was shot dead by IRA.
1983        Dec 7, In Madrid, Spain, an Aviaco DC-9 collided on a runway with an Iberia Air Lines Boeing 727 that was accelerating for takeoff, killing all 42 people aboard the DC-9 and 51 aboard the Iberia jet.
    (AP, 12/7/03)

1983        Dec 8, US Att. Gen. Edwin Meese said people go to soup kitchens "...because food is free and that's easier than paying for it."

1983        Dec 10, Argentina's Pres. Reynaldo Bignone handed power over to Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín.
    (SSFC, 3/11/18, p.C10)

1983        Dec 11, Pope John Paul II visited a Lutheran church in Rome, the first visit by a Roman Catholic pontiff to a Protestant church in his own diocese.

1983        Dec 12, Australia’s labor government under Bob Hawke allowed its dollar to float.
    (http://intl.econ.cuhk.edu.hk/exchange_rate_regime/index.php?cid=28)(Econ, 5/28/11, SR p.3)
1983        Dec 12, A truck bomb exploded at the US Embassy in Kuwait. Shiite Muslims backed by Iran drove bomb-laden trucks into six targets. The most deadly of these struck the US Embassy, killing five persons and wounding 62. Other trucks destroyed the French embassy and several Kuwaiti installations (www.danielpipes.org/article/173).
    (WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1)

1983        Dec 13, Mary Renault (b.1905), English and South African writer, died in South Africa. She is best known for her historical novels set in ancient Greece.

1983        Dec 15, In Ohio motel clerk Helen Vantz was killed in Elyria. Ronald Post was convicted of her murder and sentenced to death. Post was granted clemency from death in 2013 on the grounds that at 450 lbs he was too obese to be executed humanely. Post (53) died in prison on July 26, 2013.
    (SFC, 7/27/13, p.A6)

1983        Dec 16, Argentina’s Pres. Raúl Alfonsín launched a truth commission on the systematic yet secret, disappearance, torture, and death of thousands of individuals suspected by the government of supporting the left-wing agenda following the military coup in 1976. Over the next nine months the commission established that at least 8,960 people had been murdered.
    (https://www.usip.org/publications/1983/12/truth-commission-argentina)(Econ 5/13/17, p.32)

1983        Dec 17, There was an IRA bombing near Harrods department store in London. Six people were killed and 90 injured.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/bu225)
1983        Dec 17, An Economic cooperation agreement between the Community and the Andean Pact countries was signed in Cartagena, Colombia.

1983        Dec 20, Donald Rumsfeld visited Saddam Hussein in Iraq. Following his visit the US supplied Hussein with satellite photos of Iranian deployments and allowed shipment of a variety of materials from American suppliers.
    (NW, 9/23/02, p.37)(www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB82/press.htm)
1983        Dec 20, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat and 4,000 loyalists evacuated Lebanon.

1983         Dec 21, Paul de Man (b.1919), Belgium-born Yale professor of humanities, died in Connecticut. He had curried favor with Nazi occupiers during WWII and fled to the US after being convicted of fraud and embezzlement in a publishing house he reated. In 2014 Evelyn Barish authored “The Double Life of Paul de Man."
    (SFC, 5/11/14, p.F7)

1983        Dec 22, Egyptian president Mubarak met with PLO leader Yasser Arafat.

1983        Dec 27, President Reagan took all responsibility for the lack of security in Beirut that allowed a terrorist on a suicide mission to kill 241 Marines on Oct 23.
1983        Dec 27, Pope John Paul II pardoned Mehmet Ali Agca, the man who shot him. The Pope visited Mehmet Ali Agca at Rome’s Rebibbia prison and personally pardoned him for the 1981 assassination attempt.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A14)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/pddl)
1983        Dec 27, A propane gas fire devastated 16 blocks of Buffalo, NY. The fire killed five firefighters, two civilians, destroyed about a million in fire equipment, and leveled several city blocks, as well as the infamous fire alarm box # 29 also known as the Hoodoo Box.

1983        Dec 28, Dennis Wilson (b.1944), a founding member of the Beach Boys, died in a swimming accident (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Wilson).
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)

1983        Dec 29, US announced its withdrawal from UNESCO.
1983        Dec 29, In Nigeria Pres. Shehu Shagari announced austerity measures. The country was already suffering from high unemployment rates and general disillusionment after the oil boom of the '70s.
    (AP, 12/29/18)

1983        Dec 30, A 7.2 earthquake killed 26 people in Afghanistan (14) and Pakistan (12).
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A10)

1983        Dec 31, In France bombings in the main railroad terminal in Marseilles and on the Paris-Marseilles express train killed 5 people and injured 50. The attack was attributed to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(http://lists.jammed.com/IWAR/1997/12/0117.html)
1983        Dec 31, In Nigeria the military again ousted the civilian government. Gen’l. Muhammadu Buhari (b.1942), a Muslim from the Hausa tribe (Fulani), took power in a coup. He soon launched a “war on indiscipline" and continue to rule for 18 months.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammadu_Buhari)(Econ, 3/12/11, p.58)

1983        Dec, Segundo Marey, a French furniture dealer, was kidnapped from his home in France as a suspected Basque terrorist. In 1998 in Spain former Interior Minister Jose Barrionuevo and Rafael Vera, former director of state security, were arrested for the kidnapping and misappropriation of government funds for the crimes along with Julian Sancristobal, former civil governor of Vizcaya province.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A16)

1983        Jasper Johns painted his autobiographical picture "Racing Thoughts." It was done from the vantage point of inside a bathtub inspired by a 1938 painting by Frido Kahlo.
    (WSJ, 10/17/96, p.A20)(SFEC, 9/28/97, BR p.5)

1983        Amy Clampitt (1920-1994), American poet, published ‘The Kingfisher."
    (WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A17)

1983        "Sisters In Affliction: Circumcision and Infibulation of Women in Africa" by Raquiya H. Abdalla was published.
    (NH, 8/96, p.65)

1983        Charles Allen wrote "A Mountain in Tibet."
    (NH, 5/96, p.68)

1983        Kingsley Amis (1922-1995), British novelist, authored “Everyday Drinking," a book cobbled together from his newspaper columns.
    (WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W5)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/amis.htm)

1983        Dr. Paul Auerbach (1951-2021) edited “Management of Wilderness and Environmental Emergencies," with a colleague, Edward Geehr. It became widely considered the definitive textbook in the field.
    (NY Times, 7/19/21)

1983        Daniel Boorstin, American historian, published "The Discoverers." [see 1975-1987]
    (WSJ, 3/29/96, p.A-9)

1983        Marion Zimmer Bradley (d.1999 at 69) published "The Mists of Avalon," a woman's perspective of the King Arthur legend.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.C2)

1983        US foreign policy expert Zbigniew Brzezinski (1928-2017) authored "Power and Principle." It was hailed and reviled as a kiss-and-tell memoir.
    (AP, 5/27/17)

1983        John le Carre authored “The Little Drummer Girl," a novel set amidst the conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis.
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)

1983        Fred J. Cook (1911-2003) authored "The Great Energy Scam," an examination of the oil companies.
    (SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)

1983        "The Return of Martin Guerre" by Natalie Zemon Davis was published. It was a historical account of a true story from 16th cent. France.
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A12)

1983        Nora Ephron (1941-2012) authored her novel “Heartburn," modeled on her marriage to former Washington Post journalist Carl Bernstein.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.C5)

1983        Andrew Ezergailis authored “The Latvian Impact on the Bolshevik Revolution." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Ezergailis)

1983        Frederick Vanderbilt Field (d.2000 at 94) published his autobiography: "From Right to Left."
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A21)0

1983        Derek Freeman published "Margaret Mead in Samoa," in which he laid waste Mead's portrayal of 1920s Samoan society.
    (WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)

1983        Harvard Prof. Howard Gardner authored “Frames of Mind" in which he proposed the "multiple intelligence theory," which held that there are multiple types of intelligence, such as athletic prowess and musical ability, beyond the traditional math and verbal skills.
    (WSJ, 4/1/02, p.A1)(Econ, 4/17/04, p.80)

1983        Hollywood screenwriter William Goldman authored “Adventures in the Skin Trade."
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.112)

1983        Jane Goodall published "In the Shadow of Man."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, zone 1 p.3)

1983        Seymour Hirsch published "The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House." It won a National Book Critics Circle award.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.A12)

1983        Joyce Johnson authored "Minor Characters," a memoir of the Beat generation. In 2000 she authored "Door Wide Open: A Beat Love Affair in Letters, 1957-1958," that covered her relationship with Jack Kerouac.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.7)

1983        Stanley Karnow published "Vietnam: A History."
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A19)

1983        Prof. William Webster Lammers of USC (d.1997 at 60) published "Public Policy and Aging."
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A19)

1983        David Landes, Harvard historian, published "Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World."
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, BR p.8)

1983        Rigoberta Menchu, Guatemalan-born Mayan Indian and human rights activist, authored her book "I, Rigoberta Menchu." In 1992 she won the Nobel peace Prize. In 1998 David Stoll, a US anthropologist, authored "Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans." He asserted a number of inaccuracies in Menchu’s original book.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.5)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.C20)

1983        Journalist Joe McGinniss (1942-2014) authored “Fatal Vision,“ the true crime story of Jeffrey McDonald, convicted in the 1970 murder of his wife and children in at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
    (SFC, 3/11/14, p.A8)

1968        Jerome Mintz (d.1997 at 67), US anthropologist, published "The Anarchists of Casa Viejas," an account and oral history of the 1933 Spanish uprising.
    (SFC,12/20/97, p.A21)

1983        James Michener wrote his novel "Poland."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1983        Amos Oz, novelist, published "In the Land of Israel," a collection of essays.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.4)

1983        Maynard Parker, editor of Newsweek, authorized the publication of the spurious "Hitler Diaries." The work was identified as "patent and obvious forgeries" by Charles Hamilton (1914-1996), "philography" expert.
    (WSJ, 8/23/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)

1983        Geoffrey Pearson authored “Hooligan: A History of Respectable Fears." It became a classic of English criminology.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.54)

1983        Donald E. Russell and Prof. Donald Savage (d.1999 at 81) wrote "Mammalian Paleofaunas of the World," it was a compendium of mammals through the ages.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.C5)

1983        Richard Shevell (d.2000 at 89), aeronautics professor at Stanford, authored the text "Fundamentals of Flight."
    (SFC, 4/27/00, p.A24)

1983        Michael Straight (d.2004), US State Dept employee (1938) and later editor of the new Republic, authored "After Long Silence." He had passed reports to the Russians in 1938.
    (Econ, 1/17/04, p.76)

1983        Colin Thubron authored "Among the Russians."
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.93)

1983        The book "I Will Go On Living" by Japanese writer Chio Uno (1898-1996) was published.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A21)

1983        Lynda Van Devanter (d.2002 at 55) authored "Home Before Morning," the 1st major autobiography by a woman veteran. It inspired the 1988-1991 TV series "China Beach."
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A26)

1983        Alan Walker (b.1930) authored the first of his three-volume work “Franz Liszt." Here he analyzed Liszt’s achievement as a composer, conductor and polemicist.

1983        Betty Cornfeld and Owen Edwards authored "Quintessence". It described items whose design was so good that they could not be improved upon.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jzkg2ee)(SFC, 7/3/96, zz-1, p.3)

1983        Brock Yates authored “The Decline and Fall of the American Automobile Industry.
    (WSJ, 11/5/05, p.P8)

1983        Edward Albee wrote his play "The Man Who Had Three Arms."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.33)

1983        The opera "St. Francis d’Assise" by Olivier Messiaen premiered in Paris.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.D1)

1983        "The Gospel at Colonus," a Pentecostal Gospel rendering of Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus, was written by Lee Breur and composed by Bob Telson.
    (SFC, 2/27/97, p.B1)(www.leebreuer.com/cv.htm)

1983        The dance show "Tango Argentino" was created by Hector Orezzoli and Claudio Segovia.
    (WSJ, 11/13/96, p.A20)

1983        The film "Gandhi" won as Best Picture at the Academy Awards.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.E5)
1983        The musical film "Pirates of Penzance" was directed by Wilford Leach. It featured Linda Ronstadt (b.1946) as Mabel.
    (SFC, 12/26/02, p.E14)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0086112/)

1983        Brian Levant co-wrote the TV movie "Still the Beaver," starring the original cast of the "Leave It to Beaver" series.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A25)
1983        Trivial Pursuit was big as was MTV (Music Television). Linda F. Pezzano (d.1999 at 54), marketing consultant, invented the "viral marketing concept" to publicize the Canadian board game.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1983)(SFC, 10/30/99, p.C2)
1983        A television movie titled "The Day After" showed Soviet missiles vaporizing Kansas City. It focused people’s attention on the reality of their local missile silos.
    (WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-9)
1983        PBS first showed the 13-hour series "Vietnam: A Television History" in the US. It won every award in TV. It was rebroadcast in 1989 and 1997. The 6-year work was produced by Richard Ellison (1924-2004).
    (SFC, 10/12/04, p.B8)(SFC, 5/26/97, p.B1)

1983        Jay Ungar composed "Ashokan Farewell." It was used in the TV special "The Civil War."
    (SI-WPC, 12/6/96)

1983        Billy Joel's "52nd Street" was the first mass-marketed compact disc, CD.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.D1)

1983        Shane MacGowan formed the punk group Pogues in London. He left the group in 1992.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.39)

1983        The Townes Van Zandt (1944-1997) song" Pancho and Lefty," sung by Merle Haggard and Willie Nelson, topped the country charts. Zandt was born Mar 7, 1944 in Ft. Worth, Texas, into a prominent oil family.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)

1983        Ellen Taaffe Zwilich won a Pulitzer Prize for her composition "Symphony No. 1."
    (SFC, 9/22/00, p.C9)

1983        The SF Jazz Festival began with 2 nights of concerts and a $27,000 budget.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, DB p.49)

1983        Alfred Brendel became the first pianist to play all 32 Beethoven sonatas in Carnegie Hall. He later authored 2 volumes of essays that were published in English as: "Musical Thoughts and Afterthoughts," and "Music Sounded Out."
    (WSJ, 5/6/99, p.A24)

1983        Olivier Messiaen composed his opera "Saint François d’Assise."
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.D1)

1983        In Denver the 52-story One Norwest Center with its cash register crown was completed. The architects were Philip Johnson and John Burgee.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)

1983        The IBM corporate headquarters at Madison and 57th Ave. in Manhattan, designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes (1915-2004), was completed.
    (SFC, 9/24/04, p.B7)

1983        The Catholic Church code to annul marriages was revised under Canon 1095. It permitted annulment if it could be proved beyond a reasonable doubt that at the time of their marriage one or both spouses suffered from a "grave lack of discretionary judgement" concerning their marriage obligations.
    (WSJ, 9/11/98, p.W9)

1983        Vanessa Williams was the first black Miss America but her reign was short due to the revelation of a set of "Penthouse" photos.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, DB p.41)

1983        Dr. Constance Wofsy (1943-1996) and Dr. Paul Volberding founded the AIDS program at San Francisco General Hospital.
    (SFC, 6/5/96, C5)

1983        Joe Hunt founded the Billionaire Boys Club in Los Angeles as an investment and social fraternity. He hired Jim Pittman (d.1997 at 43) as the club bodyguard. Hunt and Pittman later plotted and executed the murder of con artist Ronald George Levin in 1984.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)(SFC, 3/29/97, p.A20)

1983        Elmer and Joanne Martin founded the Great Blacks Wax Museum in Baltimore, Md.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, T-7)

1983        Mitch Kaplan created the Miami Book Fair. It grew to become a week-long marathon with estimated attendance at 400,000 in 1998.
    (SFEM, 5/17/98, p.74)

1983        Betsey Cushing Roosevelt Whitney (d.1998 at 89) and her daughters founded the Greentree Foundation to support community groups in the New York metropolitan region.
    (SFC, 3/26/98, p.B4)

1983        Jim and Marie Petcoff founded the Computer Museum of America at La Mesa in San Diego County. It was later relocated to Coleman College.
    (SFC, 8/5/97, p.A20)

1983        Paul Matzner, curator of the California Library of Natural Sounds at the Oakland Museum, organized a group of people under the name the Nature Sounds Society. The largest nature sound archive is at the Library of Natural Sounds at Cornell Univ. It has more than 100,000 recordings and adds 5,000 per year.
    (Smith., 4/1995, p.154)

1983        Dianne and Jim Clapp bought 500 acres in Shasta County, Ca., that became the nucleus for a wild horse sanctuary.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.T5)

1983        The Cookies ‘n Cream flavored ice cream made its debut.
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, Z1 p.10)

1983        Gunnar Michelson received an award from the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences for his invention of an advanced electronic precision light valve for machines that strike movie prints.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.E3)

1983        Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his insight into black holes. Chandrasekhar was the nephew of Nobel-prize winning physicist C. V. Raman.
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subramanyan_Chandrasekhar)
1983        Gerard Debreu (1921-2004) of UC Berkeley won the Nobel Prize in Economics for offering proof of how prices affect the supplies of goods bought and sold.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(SFC, 1/6/05, p.B1)
1983        William Golding (1911-1993), English author, received the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (WSJ, 10/5/95, p.A-12)
1983        Barbara McClintock (1902-1992), American geneticist, won the Nobel prize.
1983        Henry Taube won a Nobel Prize in chemistry.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.D4)

1983        The Pulitzer Prize for drama went to Beth Henley for her play "Crimes of the Heart."
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, DB p.54)

1983        Alice Walker won a Pulitzer Prize for her book "The Color Purple."
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, BR p.6)

1983        The UN "Man and the Biosphere" Reserve system included the Big Sur coastal area by Limekiln State Park (est. 1995).
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T3)

1983        The La Paz Treaty was signed whereby the US and Mexico agreed to reduce pollution within 60 miles of their common frontier.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)

1983        Pres. Ronald Reagan made America’s military satellite navigation system, GPS, available to the world. President Ronald Reagan declassified the GPS system in response to a tragedy involving a civilian airplane. Korean Airline flight 007 got lost over Soviet territory and was shot down by Soviet fighters.
    (Econ, 5/18/13, p.73)(www.maps-gps-info.com/gps-history.html)

1983        Faith Whittlesey (1939-2018) became the director of the White House Office of Public Liaison under Pres. Ronald Reagan.
    (SSFC, 5/27/18, p.C10)   

1983        The Reagan administration began to phase in tax cuts.
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A12)

1983        The US Reagan administration slapped an extra 45% tariff on imports of motorcycles in response to a petition from Harley-Davidson.
    (Econ, 3/4/17, p.60)

1983        The US deficit under Pres. Regan reached 6% of GDP, the highest since WW II.
    (SFC, 10/15/05, p.A7)

1983        The US Executive Office for Immigration Review, an arm of Justice, was created to oversee the immigration judges. They had previously worked for the Immigration and Naturalization Service, which posed a conflict of interest.
    (SFC, 1/31/02, p.AA7)

1983        The New York Times editorial writer Howell Raines described Walter Mondale’s rebuff of challenges to his pursuit of the Democratic nomination as "a defining moment" for the party. This marked the first apparent use of the "defining moment" term in print.
    (WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A1)

1983        Federal prosecutor Rudolph Giuliani won a 43 year sentence against Silvia Baraldini for a series of armored car robberies that included the 1981 Brinks robbery in Nyack, NY, where a guard and 2 policemen were killed. Baraldini was transferred to Italy in 1999.
    (SFC, 8/26/99, p.A14)

1983        A federal grand jury indicted financier Marc Rich on evading over $48 million in income taxes. Rich fled the US to Switzerland and in 2001 was pardoned by Pres. Clinton. The 65-count indictment against Rich and Pincus Green also included charges of oil profiteering and unlawful trading with Iran.
    (SFC, 1/29/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/29/00, p.A1)

1983        The US Post Office featured the Brooklyn Bridge on a stamp.
    (SFC, 9/3/98, p.A19)

1983        The federal government adopted the CPT codes, which matched payment information with medical procedures for Medicare.
    (WSJ, 8/25/00, p.A1)

1983        The FDA received its first applications for review of safer needle devices.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A7)
1983        The Centers for Disease Control warned against recapping needles.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A7)

1983        OSHA issued voluntary guidelines for protecting health care workers from hepatitis B.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A7)

1983        The EPA put the Iron Mountain mine in Northern California on the federal Superfund list.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)

1983        The Pequot Indians of Connecticut won federal recognition.
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16)

1983        The American CIA developed a manual to train security forces in Latin America. It was titled "Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual."
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A3)

1983        The Tomahawk subsonic cruise missile, introduced by McDonnell Douglas in the 1970s, went into service under the US Navy. It was initially designed as a medium to long-range, low-altitude missile that could be launched from a surface platform. It was used extensively in the 1991 Gulf War.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomahawk_%28missile%29)(Econ, 1/23/16, p.21)

1983        US forces built the 3,090-acre El Aguacate air base in Olancho province, Honduras.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A8)

1983        Edwin Wilson was convicted of running arms to Libya. In 2003 the conviction was thrown out because prosecutors knew he worked for the CIA and misled the court.
    (WSJ, 10/29/03, p.A1)

1983        Gov. Clinton of Arkansas had an intimate sexual encounter by mutual consent with Mrs. Elizabeth Ward Gracen, a  1982 Miss America.
    (SFC, 4/1/98, p.A3)

1983        Louis K. Loewenstein (d.2002) authored “Streets of San Francisco: The Origins of Street and Place Names."
1983        In San Francisco the 42-story office tower at 50 Fremont was completed.
    (SFC, 8/17/11, p.E2)
1983        California’s Warm Springs Dam, begun in 1975, was completed by the US Army Corps of Engineers. It extended 9 miles on Dry Creek and 4 miles on Warm Springs Creek. The dam created Lake Sonoma in Sonoma County and allowed the county to grow.
    (SFC, 10/20/96, Z1 p.4)(SFEC, 5/23/99, p.T6)(SFC, 1/21/06, p.B1)
1983        San Francisco police officer William Bigarini (d.1986), one of two former Beatnik patrol officers, was fired from the force after pleading no contest to a charge that he kept $50,000 from a check-cashing operation he was running at Woolworth’s at Market and Powell.
    (SFC, 3/21/15, p.C2)
1983        Charles Rothenberg (Charley Charles) was sentenced to 13 years in state prison for setting his 6-year old son on fire at a Southern California motel. He tried to kill the boy because he feared that his ex-wife would permanently separate him from his son. He served less than 7 years. In 2007 he was sentenced to 25 years to life for two subsequent weapons convictions.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/5/07, p.B3)
1983        Willie Earl Green was conviction in the murder of Denise "Dee Dee" Walker (25), in a South Los Angeles crack house. Green insisted on his innocence and was released in 2008 after a judge found that Green had not received a fair trial. The former chauffeur from Canton, Miss., said he was proud of his achievements in prison, including earning an associates degree and teaching math to fellow inmates at San Quentin.
    (AP, 3/24/08)
1983        In the SF Bay Area Anthony Sully (39), a former Millbrae policeman, killed 6 people over six months while he ran an electrical contracting business in Burlingame. 4 of the victims were prostitutes, one a pimp and a woman who helped him buy cocaine. In 2013 a federal appeals court upheld his conviction and death sentence.
    (SFC, 8/7/13, p.D2)
1983        Barbaro Mouton (1925-2007) led a ballot for the incorporation of East Palo Alto, Ca. The measure, which failed a year earlier, won by 15 votes. Mouton became the 1st mayor and served to 1986.
    (SFC, 3/19/07, p.B4)
1983        The Silicon Valley venture capital firm Accel Partners was founded by Arthur Patterson and Jim Schwartz.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.D4)
1983        Raisin prices took a steep fall that hurt California farmers in the Central Valley. Circumstances surrounding this was later described by Victor Davis Hanson in his book: "Fields Without Dreams," where he argues on behalf of the small family farm.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, BR p.7)
1983        Robert C. Maynard (d.1993) and his wife Nancy Hicks Maynard (d.2008 at 61) purchased the Oakland Tribune from the Gannett chain for $22 million. It became the first major metropolitan newspaper owned by an African American. He was the founder of the Institute for Journalism Excellence in Oakland. In 1997 he was inducted into the California Press Association’s Hall of Fame. They sold the paper in 1992 to the Alameda Newspaper Group as Robert was struggling with cancer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oakland_Tribune)(SFC,12/8/97, p.A24)(SFC, 9/22/08, p.B3)
1983        In California the Center for Governmental Studies was founded as a watchdog on campaign finance reforms and governance. In 2011 it planned to shut down do to a lagging economy and a polarized political environment.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.A1)
1983        In San Francisco workers building the foundation of the Pansini Building at Pacific and Columbus found fossilized mammal bones that dated back to about 25,000 years BC.
    (SFC, 8/3/13, p.C3)
1983        Charlie Sava, an immigrant born in the Balearic Islands of Portuguese parents, died while driving to work at Larsen pool on 19th Ave. He had coached San Francisco’s Crystal Plunge swimming team and 1948 Olympic medalist Ann Curtis.
    (SFC, 1/31/15, p.C2)

1983        Concrete and steel from the press boxes in the old Gator Bowl stadium in Jacksonville, Fla., ended up as a reef in the Atlantic Ocean.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.B1)

1983        Kilauea began erupting in Hawaii.
    (WSJ, 11/28/94, B4)

1983        In Mass. Napoleon Crepeau Jr. was convicted for the kidnapping and rape of a 17-year-old Dartmouth woman. He was convicted for 16 years in prison. He told psychologists in prison that he would attack more women if released. He was released in 1998.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A5)
1983        Dennis Maher was convicted in Boston of raping 3 women and spent the next 19 years in prison. In 2003 DNA evidence proved his innocence.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A3)

1983        The J.L. Hudson department store in downtown Detroit, Mi., closed. The structure was imploded in 1998. In 2017 the Bedrock real estate firm, belonging to businessman Dan Gilbert, broke ground on a new block-long building on the site.
    (Detroit Free Press, 11/26/19, p.11A)

1983        Bernie Ebbers and other founders worked out the details for starting Long distance Discount Service (LDDS) in Hattiesburg, Miss. The company changed its name to WorldCom in 1995 and merged with MCI in 1997. Ebbers resigned in 2002 and in 2003 WorldCom agreed to pay $500 million to settle civil fraud charges.
    (SFC, 5/20/03, p.B10)

1983        Trump Tower was completed in New York City. At this time fire sprinklers were not required in NYC high-rises.
    (SSFC, 4/8/18, p.A9)
1983        An intruder broke into the Brooklyn home of a police officer as he and his wife were sleeping. The assailant restrained the husband and raped the wife. Scott Fappiano was arrested in 1984 but his trial ended in a hung jury. He was convicted in a 2nd trial in 1985 and sentenced to 20-50 years in jail. Fappiano (44) was freed in 2006 after his DNA did not match that found at the crime scene.
1983        Crude-oil futures began trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
    (WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)

1983        In Garfield, New Jersey, thousands of pounds of hexavalent chromium leaked from a tank at the EC Electroplating Co. The factory was surrounded by houses and apartments. NJ started cleanup, but stopped after two years. The site was later designated as a Superfund site.
    (SFC, 3/25/13, p.A8)
1983        In Ringwood, New Jersey, a 500-acre site once used by Ford Motor Co. as a dump site  was declared a Superfund site. Ford paid for a $2.5 million cleanup in 1994. Complaints in 2004 led to calls for a re-testing of the site.
    (USAT, 3/23/04, p.11A)

1983        Atari dumped 728,000 cartridges of its video game “E.T." into a landfill in New Mexico following disappointing sales of what many called the worst video game ever. In 2014 a documentary film company recovered a number of the cartridges that were still playable.
    (SSFC, 4/27/14, p.A2)

1983        The Texas-based Belo Corp. under CEO James Moroney Jr. (1921-2007) purchased Corinthian Broadcasting Group from Dun & Bradstreet for $606 million. This was the largest deal to date in US broadcast history.
    (SFC, 2/20/07, p.B4)

1983        In Utah rising floodwaters impacted the Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge. In 1991 Terry Tempest Williams authored "Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place."
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bear_River_Migratory_Bird_Refuge)

1983        In Virginia a tire fire burned a pile of 7 million tires for 9 months.
    (SFC, 8/10/98, p.A20)

1983        Costco opened its 1st store in Seattle, Wa. In 2004 it had 432 locations. Founders included Sol Price, Jeff Brotman (1942-2017) and James Sinegal.
    (WSJ, 3/26/04, p.B1)(SFC, 8/4/17, p.D5)

1983        Corrections Corp. of America (CCA) was founded by former West Point roommates Doctor R. Crants and Thomas W. Beasley. By 1998 it had 60 facilities with revenues of $462.2 million.
    (WSJ, 8/5/98, p.A1)

1983        Bank of America acquired Charles Schwab securities brokerage firm.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)

1983        The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Co. was formed with the purchase of the Ritz-Carlton in Boston. In 2001 the Atlanta-based company owned 26 city hotels and 12 resorts. Host-Marriott held a 49% ownership.
    (SSFC, 3/25/01, p.B6)

1983        Haim Saban (b.1944) founded Saban Entertainment with the rights to a handful of Schlocky Japanese cartoons. The company recycled foreign shows for kids and dubbed them into English. "Power Rangers Turbo," and "Ninja Turtles: The Next Generation" were some of its later programming.
    (WSJ, 10/1/97, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haim_Saban)

1983        Cessna ceased production of its single-engine planes due to product liability suits over alleged defective fuel tanks. In 1994 Pres. Clinton signed the General Aviation Revitalization Act, which gave aircraft manufacturers broad immunity from liability suits, and Cessna resumed production.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)

1983        Chrysler Corp. announced plans to make minivans.
    (WSJ, 5/15/07, p.A14)
1983        GM increased the focus on trucks and discontinued the Malibu, introduced in 1963, after 6.5 million units were sold. The Malibu was reintroduced in 1997.
    (WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)

1983        Southern Pacific Co., under Benjamin Bioaggini (d.2005), merged with Santa Fe Industries. In 1986 the federal ICC refused to allow the merger. The SP railroad property was sold to Denver billionaire Phillip Anschutz, who sold it to Union Pacific in 1996.
    (SFC, 6/2/05, p.B6)

1983        Vidal Sassoon (b.1928), hairdresser, sold his interest in the high-end Vidal Sassoon salons.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vidal_Sassoon)(WSJ, 1/20/07, p.W8)

1983        Betty Holberton led a committee to establish standards for COBOL, the Common Business Oriented Language for computers.
    (WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A12)

1983        Optical fibers began to replace copper cables for transmitting information.
    (WSJ, 8/1/97, p.A9C)

1983        John Sculley was recruited from Pepsico to reorganize Apple Computer Corp.
    (I&I, Penzias, p.183)

1983        Fred Cohen, graduate student, released (in a controlled experiment) the world's first computer virus.
    (Wired, 8/95, p.117)

1983        Mitch Kapor’s Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet lured non-techies buy personal computers.
    (WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P8)

1983        William K. Bowes Jr. (1926-2017) recruited a team of scientists and founded a new firm called Applied Molecular Genetics. The firm later became Amgen and in 2017 was valued at more than $120 billion.
    (SFC, 1/14/17, p.C2)
1983        Amgen Inc. developed the hormone drug erythropoietin (EPO). In 1989 it was approved for the treatment of anemia in patients with end-stage kidney disease.
    (SFC, 8/26/05, p.A6)

1983        The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed by Kary Mullis. It is a technique in molecular biology to amplify a single or a few copies of a piece of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.
    (Econ, 5/12/12, IL p.13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymerase_chain_reaction)

1983        The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study was begun by Dr. Mellors in Pittsburgh. It became the largest ongoing study with med. info and blood samples over the lifetime of AIDS patients. Dr. Mellors pioneered the viral load test that showed how increased viral load hastened the HIV disease.
    (WSJ, 9/26/96, p.B1,5)

1983        Dr. Jay Levy at UCSF was among the first to identify the AIDS virus as the cause of HIV. He developed an early test for detecting the presence of the virus and he found that heat inactivates HIV in clotting preparations.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W27)

1983        Nasalcrom, a prescription drug for allergies made by Fisons PLC, was approved by the FDA to be marketed by Rhone-Poulenc Rorer. It was first approved in the US for bronchial asthma in 1968 under the name Intal and in 1996 it was approved for over the counter sale by McNeil Consumer Products, a division of Johnson & Johnson.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.A5)

1983        Louis Brus (b.1943) of Bell Labs published work that led to the development of new lighting based on quantum dots. He discovered the colloidal semi-conductor nanocrystals known as quantum dots.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, TQ p.18)(www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC547879/)

1983        Glenn Seaborg, a Nobel winning chemist, published the report "A Nation at Risk," for the Reagan administration. It inspired a decade of educational reform.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B12)(Econ, 12/3/16, p.21)

1983        John Winslow, American anthropologist, published an article with Alfred Meyer in Science 83: "The Perpetrator of Piltdown," that suggested Arthur Conan Doyle as the man behind the Piltdown hoax.
    (PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.16)

1983        Felix Smith, biologist for the US Fish and Wildlife Service, discovered the first selenium deformed birds at the Kesterson National Wildlife Refuge in Merced County, Ca.
    (WSJ, 11/18/98, p.CA3)

1983        Genetic modification (GM) of agricultural cereals was invented as a more predictable alternative to mutation breeding.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.30)

1983        The Science Olympiad was created by Dr. Gerard Putz and Jack Cairns to increase interest in science as an alternative to traditional science fairs. After successful tournaments were held in Michigan and Delaware, the program began to attract interest from school districts all around the country.

1983        US News & World Report published the results of a straw poll ranking America’s top colleges. The magazine had asked 662 college presidents to identify the country’s best places of learning. The ranking developed into an annual survey.
    (Econ, 8/26/06, p.25)

1983        Paul C. Sereno first viewed fossils of Pegomastax, a member of the heterodontosaur family and one of the smallest dinosaurs that ever lived, in a slab of red rock that was collected in the early 1960s by scientists working in South Africa. In 2012 Sereno, a paleontologist at the Univ. of Chicago and a dinosaur specialist, described the strange anatomy of the specimen, which dated back some 200 million years, and gave the new species the name Pegomastax africanus (thick jaw from Africa).

1983        The ozone hole over the Antarctic was measured to be the size of the United States.
    (LSA., D. Gilbert, p.29)

1983        The General Conference on Weights and Measures defined the speed of light in a vacuum at 299,792,458 meters per second. This set the value of the meter as the path traveled by light in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
    (NH, 2/05, p.24)(Econ, 1/29/11, p.79)

1983        A tanker ship sank and exploded west of the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.D4)

1983        George Balanchine, leader of the New York City Ballet, died. One of his star dancers, Allegra Kent, published her autobiography in 1997: "Once a Dancer."
    (WSJ, 1/16/97, p.A16)
1983        Eugene Von Bruenchenhein (b.1910), commercial bakery worker, died In Milwaukee, Wis. He was also a prolific artist but never exhibited any of his work.
    (NYT, 10/8/04, p.B35)
1983        Chang Dai-chien, Chinese-born artist, died at age 84. His work included "Summer on California Mountain" (1967), "Splashed Ink on Gold" (1968), and "Snow in the Spring Mountain" (1973).
    (SFC, 9/27/99, p.D1,5)
1983        Jack Fante (b.1909), novelist and screenwriter, died in Los Angeles. His novels included "Ask the Dust" and "Wait Until Spring, Bandini." His 12 screenplays included the 1956 film "Full of Life." In 2000 Stephen Cooper published "Full of Life: A Biography of Jack Fante."
    (SFC, 3/30/00, p.E1)(TVM, 1975, p.199)
1983        George "Harmonica" Smith, bluesman, died. He was mentor from 1977 to blues harmonica player William Clark (1951-1996).
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.B4)
1983        Ross Macdonald (b.1915 as Kenneth Millar), crime fiction writer, died. He wrote 18 Lew Archer detective novels over 25 years. In 1999 Tom Nolan authored "Ross Macdonald, A Biography."
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.1)(WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A16)
1983        Lulie Nall, a Penobscot Indian, died. She had designed a tepee-emblazoned flag for the 19-month American Indian occupation of Alcatraz, that began in 1969. In 2008 the flag was put up for auction and valued at up to $150,000.
    (SFC, 1/24/08, p.A1)

1983        In Argentina shortly after the restoration of democracy Gen’l. Reynaldo Bignone ordered the burning of all documents regarding the disappeared. As president from 1982 to 1983, it fell to Bignone to protect the military as Argentina returned to democracy. He granted amnesty to human rights violators and ordered the destruction of documents related to torture and disappearances of political opponents before agreeing to transfer power to the democratically elected Raul Alfonsin. In 2003 Bignone was charged for holding ultimate responsibility for cases of torture, illegal break-ins and deprivations of freedoms from 1976 to 1978. His trial in open court began in 2009.
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A18)(AP, 11/2/09)

1983        In Bangladesh Muhammad Yunus opened the Grameen Bank, dedicated to providing small loans to rural villagers. The bank was very successful and was copied as a model for similar programs in the US and elsewhere.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, Par p.4)

1983        In Belgium Rom Houben (20) was injured in an auto accident and fell into a coma. Doctors soon diagnosed him as having fallen into a vegetative state. After 23 years a PET scan revealed that his brain was functioning and communication was established via a computer device and a touch screen. A study of his misdiagnosis was published in 2009.
    (SFC, 11/24/09, p.A3)

1983        Bhutan’s Paro Airport, the country’s first commercial airport, was constructed 40 miles from the capital.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A8)

1983        In Brazil a national security law made it a crime to harm the heads of the three branches of government or expose them to danger.
    (AP, 3/19/21)
1983        A severe drought plagued northeast Brazil.
    (SFC, 5/18/98, p.A10)

1983        The London Encyclopedia was first published by Macmillan.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.84)
1983        The Stone Roses, an English rock band, formed in Manchester. One of the pioneering groups of the Madchester movement in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the band's classic and most prominent lineup consisted of vocalist Ian Brown, guitarist John Squire, bassist Mani and drummer Reni. Their debut album, The Stone Roses, was released in 1989.
1983        Britain’s Labor Party issued an election manifesto that was later dubbed “the longest suicide note in history." This was later said to have mark the demise of Socialism in Britain.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, p.63)
1983        Britain introduced the one-pound coin.
    (WSJ, 7/24/98, p.W11)
1983        Britain introduced its Youth Training Scheme.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Youth_Training_Scheme)(Econ, 10/3/09, SR p.16)
1983        English driver Richard Noble set the land speed record at 633 mph.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.B1)
1983        The British Social Attitudes survey began. In 1987 it began asking people if they thought the gap between rich and poor was too wide.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Social_Attitudes_Survey)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.46)

1983        In the Burma "Rangoon Massacre" a terrorist attack plotted by North Korea killed 17 South Korean officials on a visit.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)

1983         Former Cameroon Pres. Ahmadou Ahidjo went into exile after President Biya accuses him of masterminding a coup.

1983        A couple of Canadian vineyards began producing ice wine, a 1794 German invention (eiswein), using frost-bitten grapes to produce a desert wine.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.32)(http://wine.about.com)
1983        In Regina, Canada, JoAnn Wilson (43) was found in the garage of her home, beaten, hacked and shot in the head. Her former husband, Colin Thatcher, former cabinet minister in Saskatchewan's government, was sentenced to life in prison for her murder. In 2006 he was granted full parole.
    (Reuters, 12/1/06)

1983        In China Deng Xiaoping launched his "anti-spiritual pollution" campaign.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)
1983        In China Peng Zhen (d.1997) was appointed chairman of the National People’s Congress and served to 1988.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)
1983        China signed on to the 1967 Outer Space Treaty banning all weapons of mass destruction from orbit.
    (SSFC, 7/15/07, p.D1)
1983        Armand Hammer negotiated a joint venture through Deng Xiaoping to create China’s largest open-pit coal mine. Occidental Petroleum wrote off the $250 million venture following Hammer’s death in 1990.
    (WSJ, 3/19/02, p.A20)
1983        In China over 600 million people, i.e. two-thirds of the population, lived on $1 a day or less. By 2008 this number was less than 180 million.
    (Econ, 1/26/08, p.27)
1983        In China some 14 million women had abortions, many of them coerced, organized by family planning committees. By 2009 this dropped to some 6 million.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.49)
1983        Zhang Daqian (b.1899), Chinese painter, died. He had imitated the style of the old masters.
    (SFC, 2/6/04, p.D2)

1983        Colombia’s Cano Limon Oil Field, operated by Occidental Petroleum, was discovered.
    (WSJ, 1/3/96, p.A-1)

1983        Mohamed Heikal (1923-2016, Egyptian political author, passed a damning judgment of Sadat's 11 years in power in his 1983 book "Autumn of Fury, The Assassination of Sadat."
    (AP, 2/17/16)   
1983        An international expedition of American, Polish and Egyptian anthropologists in the Aswan region unexpectedly came upon the skeleton of a prehistoric man thought to be about 80,000 years old, the oldest human skeleton ever found in Egypt. Early modern humans were present in the Levant between 130,000-80,000 BP.

1983        French Pres. Francois Mitterrand in a U-turn jettisoned hyper-taxation and accepted the free market.
    (Econ, 10/3/15, p.58)
1983        French Pres. Francois Mitterrand lowered the retirement age from 65 to 60.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.31)
1983        In France Dr. Luc Montagnier and his team, which included Dr. Francoise Barre-Sinoussi, published a paper fingering HIV as the cause of AIDS.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, p.110)

1983        Christa Wolf, East German writer, authored her novel “Cassandra."
    (WSJ, 3/10/07, p.P6)
1983        Bayer, a German drug maker, patented the active ingredient of the antibiotic Cipro.
    (SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A10)
1983        Germany’s constitutional court elaborated a right to “informational self-determination." The term informational self-determination was first used in the context of a German constitutional ruling relating to personal information collected during the 1983 census.
    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.56)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Informational_self-determination)

1983        In Guatemala the Peace Brigades Int'l. program began with volunteers standing in support of Nineth Montenegro, the leader of a group of relatives of the disappeared.
    (SFC, 6/11/99, p.A12)

1983        The Hong Kong film "The Prodigal Son" starred Sammo Hung.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, Par p.18)
1983        The Hong Kong film "Project A" (Part I) starred Jackie Chan and Sammo Hung.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.C18)(SFEC, 3/1/98, DB p.48)(SFEC, 4/11/99, Par p.18)
1983        The Hong Kong film "Warriors of the Magic Mountain" starred Sammo Hung.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, Par p.18)
1983        The Hong Kong film "Winners and Sinners" starred Sammo Hung.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, Par p.18)
1983        In Hong Kong Teddy Wang Teh-huei, owner of Chinachem, was abducted by armed men and stuffed into a refrigerator. He was released following an $11 million ransom.
    (WSJ, 10/20/99, p.A23)

1983        India’s Supreme Court ordered that capital punishment only be used in the “rarest of rare" cases. From 1995-2010 only one convict was hanged.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.43)
1983        Vijay Mallya (27) inherited the UB Group of India when his father, Vittal Mallya, died of a heart attack. Sales for UB then grew from $100 million to $1.6 billion in 2003. Import duties on foreign liquor of up to 550% protected his business.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.I3)(WSJ, 6/8/07, p.A1)
1983        The Indian guru Swami Muktananda (1908-1982) was charged posthumously with seducing young girls and stashing funds in a Swiss bank account.
    (SFC, 6/15/05, p.A13)
1983        Maruti Suzuki India Ltd., a subsidiary company of Japanese automaker Suzuki Motor Corporation, began producing cars in Delhi.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, SR p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maruti_Suzuki)

1983        In Iran the Fajr Int'l. Film Festival began. In 2004 the 22nd festival established its own web site (www.fajrfilmfest.com).
    (SFC, 2/10/04, p.D8)

1983        In Iraq Nassir Hindawi wrote a secret report for the governing Baath Party on using germ weapons as a military asset.
    (SFC, 3/24/98, p.A12)

1983        Reform Judaism recognized patrilineal Jews as full Jews, provided they chose to live Jewish lives. This contradicted Israeli law, which takes matrilinealism as the criterion for Jewish descent.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, SR p.11)
1983        Israel sentenced Marcus Klingberg (1918-2015) to 20 years in prison for having passed information to Moscow on Israeli biological weapons research. In 2003 he was authorized to live with his daughter in Paris.
    (AFP, 12/1/15)

1983        In Japan Kenshi Hirokane created his Mr Shima, a salaryman manga (cartoon) character. By 2008 some 30 million Shima Kosaku books had been sold.
    (Econ, 8/9/08, p.65)
1983        In Japan Koji Takahashi founded the Life Space cult. His self-enlightenment seminars were an instant success. The group believed that the human body never dies.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A14)
1983        The Green Cross Corp., a major Japanese pharmaceutical firm, was later accused of having sold unheated blood products at this time even after learning that they could infect people with the AIDS virus. In 1996 prosecutors raided their offices. Drug company executives, Renzo Matsushita (79), Takehiko Kawano (69) and Tadakazu Suyama (72) pleaded guilty in 1997 and began prison terms in 2000.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A14)(SFC, 2/25/00, p.D4)
1983        Keiko Arimoto of Japan was lured to N. Korea while job hunting in Denmark. In 2002 N. Korea admitted to having kidnapped her and listed her as dead.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A10)

1983        Zoo officials in Kazakhstan reportedly claimed that a teenage elephant named Batyr could reproduce Russian to utter 20 phrases, including "Batyr is good." But there was no scientific study on the claim.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

1983        In Lebanon fierce battles raged between the Christian Maronite and Druze militias.
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.A8)

1983        Charles Taylor fled Liberia after being accused of embezzling nearly US$1 million. He was later detained in the United States on a Liberian arrest warrant.
    (AP, 7/14/09)

1983        In Malawi 4 dissident politicians were murdered. Dr. Attati Mpakati was found murdered in central Harare, Zimbabwe while on a private visit. Dick Matenje, the Secretary-General of MCP and two other senior politicians died in a mysterious car accident, their deaths coming at a time when they were being seen as possible successors to Banda. In 1995 former dictator Banda and his “official hostess" Cecilia Kadzamira were cleared of murder charges after an 8-month trial (www.sardc.net/SD/sd_factfile_malawi.htm).
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1983        In Malaysia PM Mahathir Mohamed initiated Proton, the Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional (National Car Project). Production of the 1st model, Saga, began in 1985 in association with Mitsubishi of Japan.
    (Econ, 5/8/04, p.61)(WSJ, 7/14/04, p.B2B)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.68)
1983        Malaysia passed an Islamic banking law and set up Bank Islam. Takaful Malaysia, an Islamic insurance company, was set up in 1984.
    (WSJ, 4/4/07, p.A13)

1983        The Marshall Islands received $183.7 million for the 1946-1958 US nuclear tests near Bikini.
    (AP, 2/28/04)

1983        In Mexico Jesus Leon (17) co-founded CEDICAM, the Center for Integral Small Farmer Development of the Mixtec.
    (SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)

1983        In the Netherlands the Dapper Foundation of Amsterdam was founded with a private gift donation of African art. It was brought to Paris in 1986 and housed in an elegant private museum at 50 Avenue Victor Hugo.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T7)

1983        A Nigerian court decision showed that politicians and others cannot demand the arrest of individuals who slander, libel or defame them.
    (AP, 2/2/11)

1983        In the Philippines dictator Ferdinand Marcos secretly took some $228,000 from the National Food Authority and transferred the money to a private account. In 2010 an anti-graft court ordered his wife, Imelda Marcos, to return the money plus 27 years of interest and $44,000 in damages and litigation costs.
    (SSFC, 9/19/10, p.A4)

1983        In Saudi Arabia the King Khalid Int'l. Airport opened in Riyadh and was touted as the largest in the world. One of the terminals was mothballed at opening and remained so in 2008.
    (WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A1)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.15)
1983        Sulaiman Al Rajhi and his brother Saleh won permission to open Saudi Arabia’s first Islamic bank. They had begun changing money for traders and pilgrims in the 1940s. In 2007 Sulaiman Al Rajhi’s fortune was estimated at $12 billion and the Al-Rajhi Bank was the largest Islamic bank in Saudi Arabia.
    (WSJ, 1/26/07, p.A1)

1983        In Senegal rebel fighters with the Movement of the Democratic Forces (MFDC) began a low level insurgency against the government.
    (SFC, 5/9/08, p.A19)

1983        Singapore’s PM Lee Kuan Yew ended the “stop at two" policy, initiated in the 1960s, and started promoting larger families.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.60)

1983        In South Africa the Organ and Tissue Act of this year allowed officials to remove needed organs and tissues without consent if reasonable attempts to locate the potential donor’s next of kin had failed.
    (NH, 10/98, p.51)
1983        Didata, a South African computer firm, was established.
    (Econ, 7/15/06, p.59)
1983        In South Africa Nokuthula Simelane (23) disappeared just weeks before her graduation ceremony. Her body was never found. In 1995 her mother learned that Simelane had been abducted and killed by state police. A trial against her alleged killers finally began in 2016.
    (AFP, 3/4/16)

1983        The Soviet psychiatrists were forced out of the World Psychiatric Association thanks to papers smuggled out by dissidents who had been dragged off to mental hospitals overseen by state psychiatrists and the KGB.
    (Econ, 4/11/20, p.66)

1983        Sudan’s Pres. Gaafar Numeiri brought in Sharia law as the basis for criminal law causing much grievance in the non-Muslim south.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.44)
1983        Civil War began again in the Sudan when the People’s Liberation Army renewed the battle for greater autonomy from the Muslim north. The discovery of oil in the middle of the country and the imposition of Shariah law by the government reignited violence.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, p.A8)(SFC, 1/31/98, p.A9)(SSFC, 3/25/01, p.C8)

1983        Nicolas Hayek (1928-2010), Lebanese-born businessman, introduced the Swatch, an inexpensive wristwatch, which became highly collectible. He was later credited with having saved the Swiss watch industry.
    (SFC, 6/30/10, p.C5)

1983        Thailand experienced severe flooding.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.60)

1983        Turkey began battling a Kurdish insurgency in the southeast.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A7)
1983        Turkey legalized abortions for up to 10 weeks after conception.
    (SFC, 5/30/12, p.A2)

1983        Pope John Paul II came to Managua, Nicaragua, berated the leftist priests serving in the government of Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega, and ordered Catholics to obey their bishops and avoid "unacceptable ideological commitments".
    (AP, 6/3/18)
1983        The Vatican code to annul marriages was revised under Canon 1095. It permitted annulment if it could be proved beyond a reasonable doubt that at the time of their marriage one or both spouses suffered from a "grave lack of discretionary judgement" concerning their marriage obligations.
    (WSJ, 9/11/98, p.W9)
1983        The Vatican abolished the role of “devil’s advocate," who argued against prospective sainthood.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.56)

1983-84    Shiing-Shen Chern (1911-2004), US Berkeley mathematician, was awarded the Wolf Prize in mathematics, the equivalent of the Nobel Prize. He reshaped differential geometry.
    (SFC, 12/9/04, p.B7)

1983-1984     Phillip Pizzo (b.1950), dubbed "the mall rapist," committed a string of kidnappings and rapes at malls throughout Greater Boston. In 2021 Pizzo (71) was again denied parole as he served 11 concurrent life sentences for his crimes.
1983-1984    Twelve Navajo weavers in Arizona completed the 26x28 foot "Little Sister" rug. It was a smaller version of a larger rug woven in 1976, and recorded as the largest Navajo rug in the world. In 1997 the rug was put up for auction to raise funds for a community health clinic.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A7)
1983-1984    Dallas was again the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 25.7%.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)

1983-1985    In Ethiopia an estimated 1 million people died of a famine brought on by the policies of Marxist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam.
    (Econ., 1/23/21, p.10)

1983-1986    Deng Xiaoping directed a massive inner-party purge.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)

1983-1987    Spain waged a "dirty war" against Basque rebels. A former interior minister and 11 others went on trial in 1998 for kidnapping linked to the war in which 27 [28] people were killed. The killings were attributed to the Anti-Terrorist Liberation Groups known as GAL.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)(WSJ, 5/26/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/24/98, p.A12)
1983-1987    In Zimbabwe state security minister Emmerson Mnangagwa supported Operation Gukurahundi during which a North Korean-trained brigade rampaged through the southwestern provinces of Matabeleland, leaving 10,000 to 20,000 civilians dead. In 2018 the documentary "Gukurahundi genocide: 36 years later" was produced.
    (AP, 10/18/18)

1983-1988    Sigmund Koch (1917-1996), psychologist and philosopher, compiled a film archive at Boston Univ. of 17 videotapes of interviews with artists from various fields. Included were Saul Bellow, Toni Morrison, Edward Albee , Arthur Miller and others.
    (SFC, 8/15/96, p.C4)

1983-1988    In Mexico Manuel Bartlett Diaz was the Interior Minister and oversaw the Federal Security Directorate (DFS).
    (WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)

1983-1991    Heshamuddin Hesam served as the head of Afghan military intelligence. In 2005 Dutch prosecutors demanded a sentence of 12 years in prison for war crimes and torture.
    (AP, 9/26/05)

1983-1992    DNA Plant Technology Corp. later admitted to having worked on a secret research project over this period, at the behest of an unnamed US tobacco company, to increase the nicotine content of tobacco plants.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.A1)

1983-1998    In Sudan the civil war killed some 1.5 million people over this period.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A10)

1983-2002    Bulgaria experienced an average of 7.4 self-immolations a year during this period, most of them politically motivated.
    (Econ, 3/23/13, p.60)

1983-2005    Prince Bandar bin Sultan served as Saudi Arabia’s ambassador in Washington. In 2006 William Simpson authored “The Prince: The Secret Story of the World’s Most Intriguing Royal, Prince Bandar bin Sultan."
    (www.saudiembassy.net/Country/Government/BandarBio.asp)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.86)

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