Timeline 1978

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1978        Jan 1, The US Federal Minimum Wage, set at $2.65 an hour in November 1977, became effective.
1978        Jan 1, US copyright law of 2007 held that the rights to songs written before this date expire 75 years after they were published. US songs written after 1978 would hold their copyright for 50 years after the death of the songwriter.
    (WSJ, 10/30/97, p.B1,11)(www.pdinfo.com/copyrt.htm)
1978        Jan 1, An Air India jet exploded in midair and killed 213 people near Bombay.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_India_Flight_855)

1978        Jan 2, In Sri Lanka Junius Richard Jayewardene (1906-1996) became the first president with true executive powers. He served as president until 1989.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junius_Richard_Jayewardene)

1978        Jan 3, In India the Congress Party split and Indira Gandhi became head of the larger faction.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1978         Jan 3, Vietnamese troops were reported to be occupying 400 square miles in Cambodia. North Vietnamese Army (NVA) troops were using Laos and Cambodia as staging areas for attacks against allied forces.
    (HN, 1/3/02)

1978        Jan 4, Said Hammami, the PLO representative in London, was assassinated. It was initially believed to be the work of Abu Nidal but was later reported to have been organized by Yasser Arafat.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_attacks_attributed_to_Abu_Nidal)(WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A12)
1978        Jan 4, Chile’s Gen. Pinochet held a National Consultation, "in defense of the dignity of Chile," which took place one week after it was first announced, on December 27.

1978        Jan 6, John D. MacArthur (b.1897), US insurance billionaire and philanthropist, died.
1978        Jan 6, The Wild-2 comet was discovered by Swiss astronomer Paul Wild.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A8)(www.solarviews.com/eng/cometwild2.htm)

1978        Jan 7, In Alaska the body of Shelley Connolly (16) was found next to the train tracks just south of McHugh Creek at milepost 109 of the Seward Highway; she had been sexually assaulted and murdered. The last time she was seen alive was earlier that evening inside Chilkoot Charlies talking to four men. In 2019 police in Oregon arrested Donald F. McQuade following a DNA match from cigarette butts discarded in public.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yxza6u32)(SFC, 9/5/19, p.A5)
1978        Jan 7, Michael Josselson (b.1908), Estonia-born director of the Congress for Cultural Freedom, died. The organization was a CIA front to gain the support of the non-Communist left for the US. In 2000 Frances Stonor Saunders authored "The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters."
    (SFEC, 7/16/00, BR p.4)

1978        Jan 8, The Israeli government voted to "strengthen" settlements in occupied Sinai.

1978        Jan 10, Diane Feinstein was elected president of the 11-member SF Board of Supervisors. Harvey Milk and Dan White took their seats on the board for the first time.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A19)(SFC, 1/10/03, p.E6)
1978        Jan 10, In Nicaragua Pedro Joaquin Chamorro Cardenal (b.1924), journalist and editor of La Prensa, was shot dead. His murder sparked the Sandinista-led uprising that later toppled Somoza. His wife, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, later became head of the country and in 1996 published her autobiography: "Dreams of the Heart." The murder also inspired Susan Meiselas, photographer, to go to Nicaragua from NY. She spent ten years photographing events in the area, later published as "Nicaragua." The Sandinista Party was founded by Carlos Fonseca.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_Joaqu%C3%ADn_Chamorro_Cardenal)(WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A20)(SFC, 10/23/96, p.A8)
1978        Jan 10, The Soviet Union launched two cosmonauts aboard a Soyuz capsule for a rendezvous with the Salyut VI space laboratory.
    (AP, 1/10/98)

1978        Jan 11, Two Soviet cosmonauts aboard the Soyuz 27 capsule linked up with the Salyut 6 orbiting space station, where the Soyuz 26 capsule was already docked.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1978        Jan 13, Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1978        Jan 14, Blossom Rock (b.1895), actress, died. She played Grandmamma on the TV Addams Family. She was born as Edith Marie Blossom MacDonald, the sister of the late actress and singer Jeanette MacDonald.
1978        Jan 14, In Japan the 7.0 Izu-Oshima earthquake damaged nine railway and four road tunnels in a limited area. 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)(http://tinyurl.com/2uz9wg)

1978        Jan 15, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman, two students at Florida State University in Tallahassee, were murdered in their sorority house. Theodore Bundy was later convicted of the crime, and executed.
    (AP, 1/15/98)

1978        Jan 16, NASA named 35 candidates to fly on the space shuttle, including Sally K. Ride, who became America's first woman in space, and Guion S. Bluford Jr., who became America's first black astronaut in space. Six women, out of some 3,000 original applicants, graduated from NASA's rigorous training program to become the 1st female astronauts in the space program.
    (AP, 1/16/98)(www.astronautix.com/astrogrp/nas81978.htm)

1978        Jan 17, In Argentina Isabel Loedel Maiztegui (22), a Montonera, disappeared.
    (Econ., 1/16/21, p.69)

1978        Jan 18, Center for Disease Control isolated the cause of Legionnaire's disease.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1978        Jan 19, Pres. Carter in his State of the Union Address urged an attack on inflation and an effort to halt the proliferation of nuclear weapons around the world.

1978        Jan 20, Columbia Pictures paid $9.5 million for movie rights to "Annie."

1978        Jan 21, The Bee Gees' "Saturday Night Fever" album, released in November, 1977, went #1 for 24 weeks following the release of the Saturday Night Fever film in Dec 1977.

1978        Jan 24, Cosmos 954, a 4-month-old nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunged through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated, scattering radioactive debris over parts of northern Canada.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A1)(AP, 1/24/08)

1978        Jan 25, Muriel Humphrey was appointed to fill the Senate seat left vacant by the death of her husband, Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota.
    (AP, 1/25/98)

1978        Jan 26, In China Einstein’s theory of relativity was officially reinstated.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Jan 27, The State Supreme Court ruled that Nazis can display the Swastika in a march in Skokie, Illinois.
    (HN, 1/27/99)

1978        Jan 28, Fire swept through the historic downtown Coates House hotel in Kansas City, Mo., killing 20 people.
    (AP, 1/28/08)

1978        Jan, South Korean actress Choi Eun Hee (b.1928), while visiting Hong Kong, was kidnapped to North Korea. Two weeks later her husband, Shin Sang Ok, prominent South Korean producer and director, was searching for her in Hong Kong when he was knocked out with chloroform and shipped to North Korea. In 1986 Sang-Ok (d.2006) and his wife, while on a promotional trip, fled to a US embassy in Vienna.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bnoq)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.90)

1978        Feb 1, Harriet Tubman became the 1st black woman honored on a US postage stamp.

1978        Feb 3, Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat arrived in Washington DC to discuss the Middle East peace process with US President Jimmy Carter.

1978        Feb 6, Muriel Humphrey took the oath of office as a US senator from Minnesota, filling the seat of her late husband, former Vice President Hubert Humphrey.
    (AP, 2/6/97)

1978        Feb 7, Ethiopia mounted a counter attack against Somalia.
    (HN, 2/7/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogaden_War)

1978        Feb 8, The deliberations of the Senate were broadcast on radio for the first time as members opened debate on the Panama Canal treaties.
    (AP, 2/8/99)
1978        Feb 8, The BBC TV show Grange Hill, a children’s drama created by Phil Redmond, made its debut.

1978        Feb 9, Kimberly Leach (12) was killed by Ted Bundy in Lake City, Fla.
1978        Feb 9, Canada announced it was expelling 13 Soviet diplomats who it said had tried to recruit a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer.
    (HN, 2/9/97)(www.cnn.com/almanac/9802/09/)
1978        Feb 9, In Tanzania cholera broke out and killed 300 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Feb 14, G. W. Boone and M.J. Cochran of Texas Instruments received a patent for their Variable Function Programmed Calculator.

1978        Feb 15, Leon Spinks beat Muhammad Ali for the world heavyweight crown.
1978        Feb 15, Ted Bundy (1946-1989), American escaped serial killed, was recaptured in Pensacola, Fla. Bundy eventually confessed to 29 murders.

1978        Feb 16, The 1st Computer Bulletin Board System was Ward & Randy's CBBS in Chicago.
1978        Feb 16, China and Japan signed a $20 billion trade pact, which was the most important move since the 1972 resumption of diplomatic ties.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1978        Feb 20, The cover of Time magazine was titled “The Computer Society" and featured a graphic of human bodies with heads of electronic gizmos.

1978        Feb 21, In Florida Karol Hurst (21) was abducted while leaving a grocery store in Leesburg. She was driven to a wooded area, beaten, raped, and shot. Her pregnant body was then dragged further into the woods. That same evening Freddie Lee Hall and an accomplice shot and killed Deputy Lonnie Coburn. Both fled the scene but were soon arrested. Hall was convicted and sentenced to death on June 27. Hall’s IQ was later said to be around 75.
    (http://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hall-freddie-lee.htm)(SFC, 3/3/14, p.A6)

1978        Feb 22, The US Dept. of Defense launched the 1st of a constellation of satellites that later made the backbone of the Global Positioning System (GPS). Ivan A. Getting (1912-2003), a military scientist, conceived the idea and Bradford Parkinson of Stanford helped implement the system.
    (SFC, 10/18/03, p.A22)(http://msl.jpl.nasa.gov/Programs/gps.html)

1978        Feb 26, Ira Levin's "Deathtrap" premiered at the Music Box Theater in NYC.

1978        Feb 28, Louise Woodward, the nanny who allegedly killed Matthew Eappen (1997) in Cambridge, Mass., was born in Elton, England.
1978        Feb 28, Robert Rowe (d.1997) of Brooklyn killed his wife and 3 children with a baseball bat. He was tried and later released from a mental institution and became a father again. In 2001 Julie Salamon authored "Facing the Wind," a narrative of the Rowe case.
    (WSJ, 3/30/01, p.W8)
1978        Feb 28, Consuelo Kanaga (b.1894), San Francisco photographer, died.
    (SFEM, 6/30/96, p.20)(http://tinyurl.com/393wgc)
1978        Feb 28, Spyros Kyprianou was elected president of Cyprus with no opposition.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/dedcx)

1978        Feb, A top secret Pentagon document titled "History of the Custody and Deployment of Nuclear Weapons" was completed. The report was made public in 1999 and contained the locations of nuclear weapons minus their nuclear charges.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A7)(www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/19991020/04-01.htm)
1978        Feb, After China’s Cultural Revolution ended, some books were gradually unbanned. A few novels by Balzac were sold openly in Beijing's Xinhua Book Stores.

1978        Mar 1, "Timbuktu!" opened at Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC for 243 performances.

1978        Mar 2, Sam Shepard’s play "Curse of the Starving Class" premiered at the New York Shakespeare Festival.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curse_of_the_Starving_Class)
1978        Mar 2, Soyuz 28 carried 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6. Czech pilot Vladimir Remek became the first non-Russian, non-American in space.
    (HN, 3/2/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_28)

1978        Mar 3, The remains of comedian Charles Chaplin were stolen by extortionists from his grave in Cosier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland. The body was recovered near Lake Geneva 11 weeks later.
    (AP, 3/3/98)
1978        Mar 3, In Rhodesia Ian Smith signed an agreement with moderate black leaders, who had pledged to eschew war and to bring black majority rule into effect by Dec 31. Bishop Abel Muzorewa signed the agreement with Smith, founding nationalist Ndabaningi Sithole and Chief Jeremiah Chirau to form a transitional government which tinkered with the constitution and paved the way for elections. Smith agreed to step down following elections in 1979.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(SFC, 11/23/07, p.B13)(AFP, 4/9/10)

1978        Mar 4, Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, published its last issue.

1978        Mar 6, Pres. Carter invoked the Taft-Hartley Act for an 80-day cooling off period in a coal strike. Miners had struck 3 months earlier after coal companies demanded wage and benefit cuts and refused to be forced back to work. They ended the strike after 110 days when most company demands were dropped.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bituminous_Coal_Strike_of_1977-1978)
1978        Mar 6, The US Supreme Court in its Oliphant decision ruled that tribes could not try non-Indian defendants in tribal courts. It centered on the arrest of Mark Oliphant, a non-Indian, by tribal police. He argued that the tribal court does not have criminal jurisdiction over non-Indians.
1978        Mar 6, Larry Flynt (b.1942), founder of "Hustler Magazine," was shot and wounded outside a Georgia courtroom. He was left partially paralyzed. His story was the subject of the 1996 film "The People vs. Larry Flynt."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, DB p.41)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0283658/bio)

1978        Mar 8, In Nicaragua General Raynoldo Perez Vega, the National Guard Chief, was assassinated.

1978        Mar 9, In Italy the trial of the Red Brigade terrorists opened.   
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1978        Mar 9, National Guard Chief General Raynoldo Perez Vega was assassinated in Nicaragua.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1978        Mar 10, Richard Hovey (26) abducted Tina Salazar (8) in Hayward, Ca., as she walked home from school. He left her by a roadside with fatal wounds later the same day. She died 8 days later. In 2006 an appeals court overturned his death sentence saying lawyers failed to inform a psychiatrist of his history of mental illness.
    (SFC, 8/12/06, p.B2)(http://tinyurl.com/384rtk)

1978        Mar 11, Palestinian Arab terrorists led by Dalal Mughrabi killed 35 people in an attack along the Tel Aviv coastal highway. The terrorists were identified as belonging to Fatah; 9 were killed and two captured.
    (AP, 3/11/98)(www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_terrorism_1970s.php)

1978        Mar 14, An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.

1978        Mar 16, The Amoco-Cadiz oil tanker spilled a record 1.6 million barrels of crude oil off the coast of France.
    (WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)(www.cedre.fr/uk/spill/amoco/amoco.htm)
1978        Mar 16, Red Brigade terrorists kidnapped Aldo Moro, Italian politician and 5 time PM, and killed 5 of his bodyguards. Moro, who was planning to form a government combining his Christian Democrats and the Communist Party, was later murdered by the RB. Alessio Casimiri a member of the Red Brigades was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for his role in the abduction. Casimiri escaped to Nicaragua and opened a restaurant. It was later reported that police decided not to rescue Moro.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)(AP, 3/16/97)(SFC, 3/13/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)

1978        Mar 17, In Zaire 13 opponents of Pres. Mobutu were executed.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Mar 18, In Pakistan the Punjab High Court condemned former pres. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to death on charges of a political murder.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Mar 19, Israeli army took control of almost all of Lebanon south of Litani River.
    (AP, 3/19/03)
1978        Mar 19, The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 425 demanding that Israel withdraw from Lebanon.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)

1978        Mar 22, Karl Wallenda, the 73-year-old patriarch of "The Flying Wallendas" high-wire act, fell to his death while attempting to walk a cable strung between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1978        Mar 23, The US performed nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1978        Mar 23, UNIFIL forces arrived in Lebanon setting up headquarters in Naqoura. In response to Israel’s invasion, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 425 and Resolution 426 calling for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon. The UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) was created to enforce this mandate, and restore peace and sovereignty to Lebanon.

1978        Mar 27, Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opened at Broadhurst Theater in NYC for 1,774 performances.

1978        Mar 28, A SF city power failure lasted up to an hour and 42 minutes after workmen in a Potrero power plant skipped a step while restarting a circuit.
    (SFC, 3/28/03, p.E8)
1978        Mar 28, In San Francisco the badly beaten and strangled body of Marissa Rolf Harvey (15) was found in the Sutro Heights Park area. She had disappeared a day earlier while on trip from New York to visit family. In 2021 Mark Stanley Personette (76) was arrested in Conifer, about 40 miles outside of Denver, and booked into a local jail on one count of homicide.
    (https://tinyurl.com/2p8e2umz)(SFC, 12/20/21, p.C1)
1978        Mar 28, Laura Beyerly (16) was last seen in the Los Altos, Ca., school parking lot. Her remains were found a year later in the Santa Cruz County hills on property belonging to the uncle of Scott B. Schultz. In 2006 police in Colorado arrested Scott B. Schultz, a boy friend with whom she had broken up. In 2007 Schultz faced just one year in jail in a plea deal.
    (SFC, 8/24/06, p.B1)(SFC, 9/2/06, p.B3)(SFC, 6/16/07, p.B1)

1978        Mar, Wadia Haddad, a Palestinian wanted for airplane hijackings, died in Iraq showing only symptoms of leukemia but no signs of poisoning. In 2006 Aaron Klein authored "Striking Back," which for the first time gave details of the killing. Klein said Mossad agents had fed Haddad poisoned Belgian chocolate over six months.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

1978        Apr 2, TV show "Dallas" premiered on CBS as a 5 week mini-series. It was produced by Leonard Katzman (1927-1996) and ran through May, 1991.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A26)(www.tvguide.com/tvshows/dallas/cast/100107)

1978        Apr 3, In the 50th Academy Awards "Annie Hall" won as film. Richard Dreyfuss won as best actor (The Goodbye Girl) and Diane Keaton won as best actress (Annie Hall).

1978        Apr 6, Nicolas Nabokov (b.1903), Russian-born American composer, died. His work included the opera “Rasputin's End" with a libretto by Stephen Spender (1958).

1978        Apr 7, A Gutenberg bible sold for a record $2.2 million in NYC. It was bought by Martin Breslauer for the state museum of Baden Wurttemberg.

1978        Apr 9, David Leslie Murtishaw (24) murdered three film students, James Lee Henderson (24), Martha Bernice Soto (22) and Ingrid M. Etayo (22), in the Mohave Desert. Murtishaw was convicted and sentenced to death in 1979. He died in 2011 while on death row at San Quentin.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.C3)(http://tinyurl.com/7kb9mrx)
1978        Apr 9, In Somalia a coup attempt failed.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Apr 10, Arkady Shevchenko, a high-ranking Soviet citizen employed by the United Nations, sought political asylum in the United States.
    (AP, 4/10/03)

1978        Apr 15, In Bologna, Italy, a rail crash killed 50 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Apr 16, Lucius D. Clay (b.1897), US General and governor of the US zone in West Germany during the airlift, died.
1978        Apr 16, A tornado struck in Orissa, India, and killed 173 people.

1978        Apr 17, Carl Sagan (1934-1996) received the non-fiction Pulitzer Prize for "Dragons of Eden" (1977).

1978        Apr 18, The U.S. Senate voted 68-32 to turn the Panama Canal over to Panamanian control on Dec. 31, 1999.
    (AP, 4/18/98)(HN, 4/18/98)

1978        Apr 19, In Chile a law was enacted that gave amnesty to the military.
    (WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A-10)(www.chipsites.com/derechos/1978_eng.html)

1978        Apr 20, A South Korean Air Lines Boeing 707 crash-landed in northwestern Russia. Flight 902 was fired on by a Soviet interceptor after entering Soviet airspace. 107 passengers and crew survived after the plane made an emergency landing on a frozen lake and 2 passengers were killed.
    (AP, 4/20/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Air_Flight_902)

1978        Apr 22, Cynthia Waxman (11) was raped and killed whiled playing in a field in Moraga, Ca. In 2005 DNA evidence revealed that she had been killed by Charles Jackson, a convict who died at age 64 in Folsom Prison in 2002. Jackson was linked to at least 6 other victims.
    (SFC, 9/30/05, p.B5)
1978        Apr 22, Will Geer (75), TV and film actor, died. He is best remembered for portraying the wise and crusty Grandpa Zeb Walton on the long-running The Waltons (1972-1978).
1978        Apr 22, in Northern Ireland Millar McAllister (36) was shot dead in his garden in Lisburn in front of his son by Harry Murray. In 2020 Ian Cobain authored "Anatomy of a Killing: Life and Death on a Divided Island".
    (https://tinyurl.com/3k3t47se)(Econ., 1/9/21, p.74)

1978        Apr 25, William Clinton (31), attorney general of Arkansas and candidate for governor, sexually assaulted Juanita Broaddrick at the Camelot Inn in Little Rock. Broaddrick made the story public on national TV in 1999.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A1,10)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A2)
1978        Apr 25, The US Supreme Court ruled pension plans can't require women to pay more.

1978        Apr 26, A version of Mark Twain’s "The Prince and the Pauper" appeared on TV with former Beatle, Ringo Star.
    (www.guba.com/watch/2000907534)(440 Int’l., 4/26/97, p.3)

1978        Apr 27, Convicted Watergate defendant John D. Ehrlichman was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months.
    (AP, 4/27/97)
1978        Apr 27, In West Virginia 51 construction workers plunged to their deaths when a scaffold inside a cooling tower at the nuclear Pleasants Power Station on Willow Island fell 168 feet to the ground.
    (AP, 4/27/98)(http://historicmonroe.org/corp/willow-island.htm)
1978        Apr 27, The Afghanistan revolution began. There was a leftist coup. Afghanistan armed forces seized power. Pres. Mohammed Daud Khan was killed and Nur Mohammad Tarakai was installed as president. Babrak Karmal became his deputy Prime Minister. It was the first country in South Asia to fall while under communist rule. Assadulah Sarawary became the secret police chief under the Tarakai regime. In 2006 he faced war crime charges. In 2008 Afghan authorities announced they had found mass graves containing the remains of ex-president Mohammad Daud Khan and 17 family members and associates. In 2009 Daud Khan was reburied along with family members on a hillside overlooking the mountains that surround Kabul.
    (HN, 4/27/98)(WSJ, 9/20/01, p.A12)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.42)(AP, 8/17/08)(AP, 12/4/08)(AP, 3/17/09)

1978        Apr, Jimmy Anselmo opened his club Jimmy's in New Orleans and featured the uptown Jazz sound.
    (Hem., Dec. '95, p.145)
1978        Apr, Messrs. Bernard Marcus and Arthur Blank were fired from Daylin Company, the parent of Handy Dan Home Improvement Centers. Marcus and Blank joined with Ron Brill, and Pat Farrah to Home Depot. The company went public in 1981.
    (WSJ, 2/19/99, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Home_Depot)
1978        Apr, In Northern Ireland Brendan Megraw (23) was abducted from his home in Belfast and killed by IRA paramilitaries. He became one of the victims known as "the Disappeared" who vanished without trace during three decades-long conflict. His body was found in a bog in Oct 2014.
    (AP, 11/14/14)

1978        May 1, Ernest Morial was inaugurated as the first black mayor of New Orleans.
    (AP, 5/1/97)
1978        May 1, Aram Khachaturian (b.1903), Georgia-born Armenian composer, died in Moscow.

1978        May 2, David “Moses" Berg, Oakland native and founding seer of the Children of God (1968), put forth a prophecy about his new wife and son: “Davidito and Maria are going to be end-time witnesses. They are going to have such power they can call down fire from Heaven and devour their enemies." In 2005 Davidito killed Angela M. Smith, a woman involved in his upbringing, and then committed suicide.
    (SFC, 1/20/05, p.A1)
1978        May 3, "Sun Day" fell on a Thursday as thousands of people extolling the virtues of solar energy held events across the country.
    (AP, 5/3/01)

1978        May 4, The Hispanic ethnic group was created when the US Office of Management and Budget published the following regulation in the Federal Register: "Directive 15: Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative Reporting" that defined a Hispanic to be "a person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture … In 1981 a US federal law stated that Spaniards are part of the Hispanic group.
1978        May 4, The South African Air Force (SAAF) engaged in air to ground combat at the Battle of Cassinga in Angola.

1978        May 6, On this day at 12:34, the numbers 12345678 represented the time and day: 12:34 5/6/78. The next such sequence will occur in 2078.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, A1 p.2)

1978        May 8, David R. Berkowitz pleaded guilty in a Brooklyn courtroom to the "Son of Sam" killings that had terrified New Yorkers.
    (AP, 5/8/98)
1978        May 8, In Nepal Italian Reinhold Messner (b.1944) and Austrian Peter Habeler (b.1942) became the first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest without supplementary oxygen.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Habeler)(SFC, 4/20/18, p.A2)

1978        May 9, "Ain't Misbehavin'" opened at Longacre Theater NYC for 1604 performances.
1978        May 9, The bullet-riddled body of former Italian PM Aldo Moro, who'd been abducted by the Red Brigades, was found in an abandoned automobile in the center of Rome. In 2000 French police arrested Alvaro Loiacono in northern Corsica for his alleged role in the murder.
    (AP, 5/9/97)(SFC, 6/3/00, p.A12)

1978        May 10 Britain's Princess Margaret and the Earl of Snowdon announced they were divorcing after 18 years of marriage.
    (AP, 5/10/97)

1978        May 11, Carol Schmal (23) and Lawrence Lionberg (29) were murdered in Chicago. Four men were arrested for rape and murder and 2 of the men were sentenced to death. In 1999 Kenny Adams, Willie Rainge, Verneal Jimerson and Dennis Williams were released after a journalism class proved their innocence. The men then filed a suit and settled with Cook County for $36 million.
    (SFC, 3/6/99, p.A3)

1978        May 12, The US Commerce Department said hurricanes would no longer be named exclusively after women.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(www.answers.com/topic/united-states-department-of-commerce?cat=biz-fin)

1978        May 13, The last season of "Columbo," begun in 1971, ended on NBC TV.
1978        May 13, Henry Rono (b.1952) of Kenya, running for Washington State Univ., set an NCAA record for 3,000 meter steeplechase (8:05.4).
1978        May 13, Joie Chitwood (1912-1988), Texas-born race car driver, set a world record when he drove a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels.

1978        May 14, Gerard Barrett of Australia won the 68th annual San Francisco Bay to Breakers race in a record 35 min., 17 sec. There were 9,738 official entrants with some 4,000 unofficial runners. 13 members of the UC Davis track team tied themselves together and became the first centipede to run in the race.
    (SFC, 5/9/03, p.E5)(SFC, 5/15/09, p.B4)

1978        May 15, The US Supreme Court’s Santa Clara Pueblo vs. Martinez decision held that tribal enrollment issues are an Indian-only matter immune from outside interference.
    (SSFC, 4/20/08, p.A11)(http://supreme.justia.com/us/436/49/)

1978        May 16, Patricia Hearst (24) entered the Federal correctional Institute at Pleasanton, Ca., to resume her 7-year sentence for a SF bank robbery with the SLA.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.E8)

1978        May 17, Women were included in the White House honor guard for the first time as President Carter welcomed Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda.
    (AP, 5/17/08)

1978        May 18, Russian dissident Yuri Orlov was sentenced to 7 years in a strict-regime labor camp. The Russian physicist was arrested Feb 10, 1977.

1978        May 19, In Zaire a hundred Europeans (200 people) were massacred in the mining district of Kolwezi (formerly Katanga) by the Congolese National Liberation Front. French and Belgium paratroops were dropped in to restore order.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(TL, 1988, p.119)

1978        May 20, US counterintelligence authorities reported that the Soviet consulate in San Francisco's Pacific heights has become a major base for espionage activity.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.E8)
1978        May 20, The Tokyo International Airport at Narita opened on a 2,632 acre site on Chiba Peninsula. The opening was 8 years after it was built due to opposition by local farmers and univ. students.
    (Hem, 8/95, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narita_International_Airport)

1978        May 21, The Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon wed 118 couples in England.

1978        May 22, Italy legalized abortion. Voters upheld the law in a 1981 referendum.
    (http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/population/abortion/Italy.abo.htm)(AP, 5/13/12)

1978        May 25, A package bomb injured Terry Marker, a Northwestern Univ. security guard. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC, 11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1978        May 29, The US Postal Service issued the first alphabet stamp, the A stamp, when the first-class rate went from 13 to 15 cents, after being 13¢ for 3 years. The series ended with the H stamp in 1999 with rates up to 33 cents.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A7)(http://alphabetilately.com/G.html)(www.akdart.com/postrate.html)
1978        May 29, The USSR performed a nuclear test at Semipalatinsk in Eastern Kazakhstan.

1978        May 31, Hanna Hoch (b.1889), German photomontage artist of the Berlin Dada movement, died. Her work included "Cut With the Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Epoch of Germany," (1919-1920).
    (SFC, 3/25/97, p.E3)(SSFC, 1/27/02, p.C7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannah_H%C3%B6ch)

1978        May, The Bahrain Telephone Company began operating a commercial cellular telephone system. It probably marks the first time in the world that individuals started using what we think of as traditional, mobile cellular radio.
1978        May, The Revolutionary Party (PRD), under the leadership of Jose Pena Gomez, won the Dominican Rep. presidential elections.
    (SFC, 5/12/98, p.A21)(www.qsy.com/dominican/domrep01.html)

1978        Jun 1, The TV Crime Drama "Baretta," starring Robert Blake, aired for the last time on ABC. It was first telecast on Jan 17, 1975.
1978        Jun 1, The East Wing of the national Gallery of Art designed by I.M. Pei (b.1917) was dedicated to the people of the US.

1978        Jun 6, California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 13, the Jarvis-Gann amendment, a primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes. It cut property taxes by 57%. It limited the taxing abilities of local governments and many city services were reduced as a result. Key fiscal responsibilities were shifted from counties to the state. Proposition 13 capped the increase in a home's taxable value at 2 percent a year until it is sold. It also limits a homeowner’s property tax to 1 percent of market value.
    (AP, 6/6/97)(SFEC, 2/22/98, Z1 p.3)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(AP, 7/3/05)

1978        Jun 8, A jury in Clark County, Nev., ruled the so-called "Mormon will," purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes, was a forgery.
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1978        Jun 8, Utah leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints struck down a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men from the Mormon lay priesthood, going on missions or getting married in temples. Prophet Spencer Kimball opened the Mormon priesthood to blacks.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y8ts747g)(SFC, 6/2/18, p.A7)

1978        Jun 9, The Rolling Stones' "Some Girls" album was released. Shortly after, some of the girls on the LP's cover--Lucille Ball, Raquel Welch, Liz Taylor--threatened to sue. After several months, Atlantic caved in and changed the cover.

1978        Jun 10, Affirmed (1975-2001), ridden by Steve Cauthen, became a Triple Crown winner after winning the NY Belmont Stakes by a nose over Alyadar.
    (AP, 6/10/98)(WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A20)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)
1978        Jun 10, Algur Hurtle Meadows (b.1899), Texas oilman, died in a car crash. He left behind a large collection of Hispanic art at the Virginia Meadows Museum at Southern Methodist Univ.
    (WSJ, 3/2/05, p.D9)(www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/MM/fmezk.html)

1978        Jun 11, Joseph Freeman Jr. became the 1st black priest in Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
1978        Jun 11, Texas Instruments announced the first single-chip speech synthesizer.

1978        Jun 13, The film "Grease," starring John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John, premiered in NYC.
1978        Jun 13, Israelis withdrew the last of their invading forces from Lebanon.
    (HN, 6/13/98)

1978        Jun 15, Lisa Halaby (b.1951), American-Arab of New York, married Jordan’s King Hussein and became Queen Noor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Noor_of_Jordan)(AP, 6/15/97)

1978        Jun 16, President Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos exchanged instruments of ratification for the Panama Canal treaties.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1978        Jun 18, The Whitewater business venture was incorporated. Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary set up their 50-50 Whitewater venture with Mr. & Mrs. McDougal. The Clintons lost money in the real estate deal that later turned into the Whitewater scandal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitewater_(controversy))(WSJ, 8/19/96, p.A12)(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A19)

1978        Jun 19, America's favorite lasagna-loving cat, Garfield, created by Jim Davis, first appeared in newspapers as a comic strip.
1978        Jun 19, "Best Little Whorehouse..." opened at 46th St NYC for 1584 performances.

1978        Jun 21, The musical play "Evita" by Andrew Lloyd Weber and Tim Rice had its first stage performance in London’s West End. It featured Elaine Page as Evita.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.42)(Hem., 1/97, p.106)(AP, 6/21/98)
1978        Jun 21, Dr. LeMaistre and Art Dilly flew to New York City with checks totaling $2.4 million to purchase a complete edition of the two-volume, 1456 Gutenberg Bible. The Carl H. and Lily Pforzheimer Foundation of NYC had sold the Gutenberg Bible to the Ransom Center of Texas.

1978        Jun 22, Neo-Nazis called off plans to march in the Jewish community of  Skokie, Ill.
1978        Jun 22, James Christy, while working at the United States Naval Observatory, discovered that Pluto had a moon, which he named Charon.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, Par p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_W._Christy)

1978        Jun 23, Joseph Freeman Jr., the 1st black priest in Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, went in the Salt Lake Temple with his wife and 5 sons for sacred ordinances.

1978        Jun 24, In Australia a peaceful march was held in Sidney as a protest for gay rights and the decriminalization of homosexuality. The protest was marred by police brutality with 53 people arrested in subsequent scuffles. The march also sparked the annual Sidney Mardi Gras parade that grew into a major tourist spectacle.
    (Reuters, 3/3/18)
1978        Jun 24, There was a coup in North Yemen. Pres. Ahmad Hussein al-Ghashmi was murdered and replaced by Lt.-Col. Ali Abdullah Saleh. Saleh was elected president of North Yemen and began his 2-decade hold on the office. His power was strong in the cities but in the countryside Sheik Abdulla al-Ahmar held power.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A1)

1978        Jun 25, Argentina, host to the World Cup, beat Netherlands in the soccer World Cup championship in Buenos Aires. It was later alleged that the ruling military junta bribed an opposing team to ensure Argentina’s progress and eventual victory.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_FIFA_World_Cup)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.32)

1978        Jun 26, There was a coup in Southern Yemen (formerly Aden). Pres. Salem Rubaye Ali was ousted, tried and shot. He was succeeded by Ali Nasir Muhammad.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Jun 27, Sam Shepard’s play "Buried Child" had its world premier in San Francisco.
1978        Jun 27, US Seasat 1, the 1st oceanographic satellite, was launched into polar orbit.
1978        Jun 27, Soyuz 30 carried 2 cosmonauts (1 Polish) to the Salyut 6 space station.

1978        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ordered the medical school at the University of California at Davis to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who argued he had been a victim of reverse racial discrimination. The US court’s Bakke decision allowed universities to consider race in their decisions only if other factors were equal. This was raised as an issue of reverse discrimination. Justice Lewis Powell broke a 4-4 tie with the formulation that Davis’ program was unconstitutional, but that colleges and universities could still use race as one of several factors to create a diverse student body.
    (WSJ, 7/18/96, p.A10)(AP, 6/28/97)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A16)

1978        Jun 29, Bob Crane (b.1928), the man who played Colonel Robert Hogan in the TV show "Hogan’s Heroes," was found bludgeoned to death in Scottsdale, Az. John Henry Carpenter (d.1998 at 70), a prime suspect, was tried and acquitted in 1990.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C3)(www.franksreelreviews.com/shorttakes/crane.htm)

1978        Jun, The FBI confronted anthropologist Gilberto Lopez y Rivas of Mexico as a spy for the Soviet Union. Agents were tipped by US Army Sgt. Joseph Cassidy, who spent some 20 years as a double agent. In 2000 David Wise authored "Cassidy’s Run."
    (SFC, 4/8/00, p.C1)
1978        Jun, Intel introduced the 8086 16-bit HMOS chip.
    (SFC, 7/16/03, p.B1)
1978        Jun, The Afghan guerrilla (Mujahideen) movement was born.

1978        Jul 2, The New York Times produced its last issue using Linotype machinery. In 1980 David Loeb Weiss (d.2005) produced his documentary “Farewell Etaoin Shrdlu," which documented that last production night.
    (SFC, 8/17/05, p.B7)
1978        Jul 2, The Arab League imposed a boycott on South Yemen.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Jul 3, The US Supreme Court, in Federal Communications Commission v. Pacifica Foundation, upheld an FCC ban on George Carlin's "seven dirty words" and other indecencies on radio, and TV "when there is a reasonable risk that children may be in the audience." The ban was upheld on the grounds that broadcasters had a “uniquely pervasive presence in the lives of all Americans.
    (WSJ, 3/24/04, p.A4)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.14)(http://tinyurl.com/2jeh4j)
1978        Jul 3, The Amazon Pact was established. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela signed the Amazon Pact, a Brazilian initiative designed to coordinate the joint development of the Amazon Basin.
1978        Jul 3, China cut off economic and technical aid to Vietnam.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978                    Jul 4, Memphis fire fighters halted 3-day strike under a court order. At least 350 fires were reported during the strike. The city police director charged that the strikers set almost all of the fires, which broke out mostly in abandoned buildings.
1978        Jul 4, L.I. Chernykh (b.1935), Russian astronomer, discovered asteroids #3332, #6110 & #7730.

1978        Jul 5, In Ghana Gen’l. Acheampong resigned as head of state. He was succeeded by Lt.-Col. Fred W.K. Akuffo.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1978        Jul 5, A Soviet Soyuz spacecraft touched down safely in Soviet Kazakhstan with its two-member crew, including the first Polish space traveler -- Major Miroslaw Hermaszewski.
    (AP, 7/5/98)

1978        Jul 7, China cut off all aid to Albania after a dispute and left it completely isolated.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(CO, GAAE/Albania)(www, Albania, 1998)
1978        Jul 7, The Solomon Islands gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.worldstatesmen.org/Solomon_Islands.html)

1978        Jul 9, Nearly 100,000 demonstrators marched on Wash DC for ERA.
1978        Jul 9, American Nazi Party held a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago.

1978        Jul 10, ABC-TV premiered “World News Tonight" with anchors Frank Reynolds, Peter Jennings and Max Robinson.
1978        Jul 10, John D. Rockefeller III (b.1906), US billionaire and philanthropist, died.
1978        Jul 10, In Mauritania Col. Mustapha Ould Salek overthrew Pres. Moktar Ould Daddah.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Jul 11, Christa Tybus of London set a 24 hrs hula-hoop record.
1978        Jul 11, In Spain 216 people were killed at a camping site when a tanker truck overfilled with propylene gas exploded on a coastal highway south of Tarragona.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 7/11/97)

1978        Jul 13, Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II. Iacocca later joined Chrysler as its president.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl.)(AP, 7/13/97)
1978        Jul 13, Walter Poenisch completed a "swim for peace" from Cuba to the US in 34 hours and 15 min. He used flippers and made the swim unassisted.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A3)(http://www.swim4peace.com/)

1978        Jul 14, Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky was convicted of treasonous espionage and anti-Soviet agitation, and sentenced to 13 years at hard labor. He was released in 1986.
    (AP, 7/14/98)

1978        Jul 15, President Carter, in West Germany for an economic summit, presided over a "town meeting" during which he fielded questions from about 1,000 Berliners.
    (AP, 7/15/04)
1978        Jul 15, Bob Dylan performed before some 200,000 fans at Blackbushe Airport, England, in the largest open-air concert audience at the time (for a single artist).

1978        Jul 17, In San Marino a Communist-Socialist coalition became Western Europe’s only communist led government.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Jul 18, Cyrus Vance (1917-2002), US Sec. of State, met with the Egyptian and Israeli Foreign Ministers at Leeds Castle, England.

1978        Jul 21, In Bolivia Gen’l. Juan Pereda Asbun overthrew Pres. Banzer in a coup.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Jul 23, Franklin Bradshow was killed in SLC, Utah. His daughter, Frances B. Schreuder (d.2004), had persuaded her son to kill her wealthy father due to "his stinginess." Schreuder was convicted in 1983.
    (SFC, 4/3/04, p.B6)

1978        Jul 24, The Beatles’ animated film "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" premiered in the US.
1978        Jul 24, Chile’s Air Force Gen'l. Gustavo Leigh Guzman was demoted. He was the first junta member to urge the restoration of civilian rule.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.A31)(www.chipsites.com/derechos/1978_eng.html)

1978        Jul 25, Louise Joy Brown, the first test-tube baby, was born in Oldham, England; she'd been conceived through in-vitro fertilization. In 2004 Robin Marantz Henig authored "Pandora's Baby: How the First Test Tube Babies sparked the Reproductive Revolution.
    (TL, 1988, p.119)(AP, 7/25/97)(SSFC, 2/22/04, p.M6)
1978        Jul 25, The Viking 2 Orbiter to Mars was powered down after 706 orbits.

1978        Jul 26, In the SF Bay Area Mick Jagger and the Rolling Stones performed at the Oakland Coliseum as Jagger celebrated his 34th birthday.
    (SFC, 12/1/18, p.C1)

1978        Jul 28, Price of gold topped the $200 per oz level for 1st time. Spot gold closed at $201.30.
1978        Jul 28, Perth Observatory discovered asteroid #3188 and #3422.

1978        Jul 30, To celebrate the 80th birthday of sculptor Henry Moore (1898-1986), an exhibition of his work was held in London’s Hyde Park.
    (TL, 1988, p.119)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Moore)
1978        Jul 30, Tropical Storm Amelia formed in the western Gulf of Mexico near Brownsville, Texas. The storm moved over land, but continued to intensify to a 50 mph tropical storm. The storm dissipated over Texas on August 1. Flooding rains due to torrential rains exceeding 40 inches led to the deaths of 30 people in Texas.

1978        Jul, Advanced Mobile Phone Service started operating in North America. AMPS was operational in the Chicago, Illinois, area.

1978        Jul -1978 Sep, Floods in northern India killed 1,291 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Aug 1, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds, who had tied the National League record of hitting in 44 consecutive games, saw his streak end in a game against the Atlanta Braves.
    (AP, 8/1/98)

1978        Aug 2, In San Francisco a Mill Valley tax lawyer and four other men were arraigned in US District court on charges they conspired to smuggle 547 pounds of hashish from Pakistan to San Francisco. Assistant US attorney Robert Mueller took part in the case. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) had confiscated the hashish during a drug raid at a storage facility in Concord.
    (SFC, 7/28/18, p.C1)

1978        Aug 6, There was a bloodless coup in Honduras.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1978        Aug 6, Pope Paul VI (1963-78), born as Giovanni Montini, died at Castel Gandolfo at age 80.
    (AP, 8/6/97)

1978        Aug 8, The United States launched Pioneer Venus II, which carried scientific probes to study the atmosphere of Venus.
    (HFA, '96, p.36)(AP, 8/8/99)
1978        Aug 8, James Ramp (52), Philadelphia police officer, was killed during a standoff with MOVE. 9 members of MOVE, a Black group that espoused equality with animals and preached against technology, were convicted. Members of the group adopted the surname Africa.
    (SFC, 3/16/98, p.A20)(www.odmp.org/officer/10987-police-officer-james-j.-ramp)

1978        Aug 9, A California statewide Teamsters warehouse workers strike began.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)
1978        Aug 9, James G. Cozzens (b.1903), US writer (Guard of Honor, Pulitzer), died. His novels included “The Last Adam" (1933), “The Just and the Unjust" (1942), “Guard of Honor" (1948; Pulitzer Prize), “By Love Possessed" (1957), and “Morning, Noon, and Night" (1968).

1978        Aug 11, “Le Freak" by Chic was released. In October it topped the US hot 100 chart.
1978        Aug 11, The American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA) put an end to the persecution of Native American religions.
    (Econ, 4/7/12, p.35)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Indian_Religious_Freedom_Act)
1978        Aug 11, Chiefs of state and foreign dignitaries arrived in Vatican City for the funeral of Pope Paul VI.
    (AP, 8/11/98)

1978        Aug 12, China and Japan normalized relations. Japan signed a Peace and Friendship Treaty with China in Beijing.
    (www.taiwandocuments.org/beijing.htm)(Econ, 8/23/03, p.34)
1978        Aug 12, Pope Paul VI, who had died six days earlier at age 80, was buried in St. Peter's Basilica.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1978        Aug 13, In a Palestinian area of Beirut, Lebanon, a bomb killed 100 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Aug 16, James Earl Ray, convicted assassin of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., told a Capitol Hill hearing he did not commit the crime, saying he'd been set up by a mysterious man called "Raoul."
    (AP, 8/16/03)
1978        Aug 16, Antonio Guzman (1911-1982) assumed office as president of the Dominican Rep. Mindful of the fate of Juan Bosch sixteen years before, Guzman determined to move slowly in the area of social and economic reforms and to deal as directly as possible with the threat of political pressure from the armed forces.
1978        Aug 16, The World Bank under Robert McNamara issued its first World Development Report (WDR). the 68-page document provided a comprehensive assessment of global development issues.
    (Econ, 1/24/09, p.65)(http://tinyurl.com/d3xzs6)

1978        Aug 17, The helium-filled balloon, Double Eagle II, crossed the Atlantic in 6 days. The first successful trans-Atlantic balloon flight ended as Americans Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman landed outside Paris.
    (AP, 8/17/97)(HN, 8/17/98)
1978        Aug 17, Afghanistan announced that defense minister Gen. Abdul Qadir, one of the Apr 27 coup leaders, has been arrested after the discovery of an alleged plot to overthrow the government. Qadir also belonged to the Parcham faction.

1978        Aug 18, Bechtel Corp. hired Richard Helms, former director of the CIA, as a consultant. Former government officials George Shultz and Caspar Weinberger were also recently hired.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)

1978        Aug 19, The Cinema Rex in Abadan, Iran, was set ablaze, killing over 400 individuals. The ruling government of Iran reported that Islamic militants set the fire, while the anti-Shah protesters blamed the intelligence service of the nation, SAVAK for setting the fire. Later it was disclosed that Islamic militants set the Cinema Rex fire.

1978        Aug 20, In New Jersey 5 teenage boys disappeared. In 2010 Lee Evans (56) and Philander Hampton (53) were arrested and charged with their murder. Prosecutors said the boys were herded into an abandoned building and burned to death in a dispute over some missing marijuana. On Aug 20, 2010, Evans was freed from jail after relatives put up $950,000 in bail. His cousin remained in jail. On Oct 3, 2011, Hampton (54) was sentenced to 10 years in prison. Under sentencing guidelines he was only required to serve 20% of the sentence. In 2011 a jury found Lee Evans not guilty of 10-murder related counts in the deaths of the teens.
    (SFC, 3/24/10, p.A7)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.A10)(SFC, 10/4/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/24/11, p.A11)
1978        Aug 20, In London gunmen opened fire on an Israeli El Al Airline bus. 2 people died and 9 were injured.

1978        Aug 21, Charles Eames (1907-1978), an American polymath artist, died. Together with his wife he designed numerous objects, furniture and made more than 75 films.
    (SFC, 6/6/96, E1)(www.eamesoffice.com/index2.php?mod=intro)

1978        Aug 22, In Kenya Pres. Jomo Kenyatta (1963-1978), a leading figure in Kenya's struggle for independence, died at age 83. He was succeeded by Vice President Daniel Arap Moi of the Kalengin tribe, head of the Kenya African National Union.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A8)(SFC,11/27/97, p.B6)(AP, 8/22/98)
1978        Aug 22, In Managua, Nicaragua, a group of the Third Way faction, led by Eden Pastora Gomez (also known as Commander Zero--Comandante Cero), took over the National Palace and held almost 2,000 government officials and members of Congress hostage for two days. Sandinista guerrillas seized hostages at the Nicaraguan Congress building and after a 2-day siege obtained a hefty ransom, exile to Panama and the liberation of some 70 jailed comrades.
    (www.aeroflight.co.uk/waf/americas/nicaragua/Nicaragua-national-history.htm)(WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A12)

1978        Aug 26, Charles Boyer (b.1897), French-born film actor (Gaslight, Rogues), committed suicide in Phoenix, Az., 2 days after his wife's death from cancer. Boyer and actress Pat Robertson lost their only child in 1965, when their son shot himself playing Russian roulette.
    (http://www.imdb.com)(SSFC, 1/21/07, Par p.2)
1978        Aug 26, Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice was elected the 264th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church following the death of Paul VI. The new pontiff took the name John Paul I. He served only 33 days before dying of a heart attack on September 28.
    (AP, 8/26/97)(RTH, 8/26/99)
1978        Aug 26, Sigmund Jahn became the first German in space when he blasted off aboard Russia’s Soyuz 31.
    (RTH, 8/26/99)

1978        Aug 28, Bruce Catton (b.1899), US historian, died in Frankfort, Michigan. He won a 1954 Pulitzer Prize for history for his book “A Stillness at Appomattox," his study of the final campaign of the war in Virginia.
1978        Aug 28, Robert Shaw (b.1927), English-born film and stage actor, died of heart attack in Ireland. He received a "Best Supporting Actor" Oscar nomination for his portrayal of Henry VIII in “A Man for All Seasons" (1966).

1978        Aug 31, Emily and William Harris, founding members of the SLA, pleaded guilty to 4 charges related to the 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst. On Oct 4 they were sentenced to prison terms.
    (SFC, 10/3/03, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbionese_Liberation_Army)
1978         Aug 31, Imam Moussa al-Sadr, the spiritual leader of Lebanon's Shiite Muslim community, disappeared along with 2 companions during a visit to Libya. In 2008 a Lebanese prosecutor charged Moammar Khadafy and 6 other Libyan officials in the disappearance.
    (AP, 9/3/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musa_al-Sadr)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A7)

1978        Aug, In Ethiopia dozens of prisoners in a church inside a prison compound were executed and other prisoners were told to dump their bodies in a mass grave during the rule of Marxists known as the Dergue led by dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam.
    (AP, 11/2/17)

1978        Sep 2, Gen. Charles Blair (b.1909), pilot and the 3rd husband of actress Maureen O’Hara, died in a Grumman Goose seaplane crash in the Caribbean. 3 passengers were also killed and seven were severely injured.

1978        Sep 3, Pope John Paul I, Cardinal Albino Luchiani of Venice, was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 9/3/97)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.AA11)
1978        Sep 3, An Air Rhodesia Vickers 782D Viscount passenger airliner crash-landed after being hit by a MANPAD, fired by forces from the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army, killing 34 of the 56 passengers.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

1978        Sep 5-1978 Sep 17, US Pres. Carter, Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt met at Camp David, Md. In 2014 Lawrence Wright authored “Thirteen Days in September: Carter, Begin, and Sadat at Camp David."
    (SFC, 6/2/97, p.D5)(Econ, 9/20/14, p.79)

1978        Sep 6, Genentech of South San Francisco, Ca., announced the successful laboratory production of human insulin using recombinant DNA technology.
1978        Sep 6, In California a fire destroyed the 4,000-foot-long Island Mountain tunnel of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad.
    (www.trainorders.com/discussion/read.php?11,929824)(SFEC, 9/7/97, Z1 p.1)
1978        Sep 6, James Wickwire of Seattle and Louis Reichardt of San Francisco became the first Americans to reach the summit of Pakistan's K-2, the world's second-highest mountain.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
1978        Sep 6, Bulgarian defector Georgi Markov, living in London, was stabbed in the leg by a man carrying an umbrella; Markov died four days later, an apparent victim of the Bulgarian secret police using a ricin-coated pellet. The assassin was later identified as Francesco Gullino (Guillino, Giullino), code name Piccadilly, an Italian-born Dane, operating under instructions from Vasil Kotsev, Bulgaria’s top spymaster.
    (AP, 9/7/08)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.61)

1978        Sep 7, Keith Moon (b.1946), English drummer for "The Who" rock group, died of drug OD at 31.
    (SFC, 10/17/96, E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keith_Moon)
1978        Sep 7, Sri Lanka’s new constitution went into effect. The new Constitution provided for a unicameral Parliament with legislative power and an Executive President.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Sri_Lanka)

1978        Sep 8, The Shah's troops opened fire on protesters in Tehran, killing several hundred demonstrators.

1978        Sep 9, Jack L. Warner (b.1892), US movie producer, died. He was born as Itzhak Eichelbaum in London, Ontario, Canada of a Polish-Jewish family, and became the president and driving force behind the highly successful development of Warner Brothers Studios in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.

1978        Sep 11, Kippi Vaught and Rhonda Scheffler (17) were kidnapped from a shopping mall in Sacramento. Their bodies were found 2 days later east of town. Gerald Gallego (b.1946) and accomplice Charlene Williams (24) began a rape and murder spree that left 9 women and one young man dead. Williams served 17 years in prison. Gallego was sentenced to death but was still alive with appeals.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/gallego.htm)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)
1978        Sep 11, Georgi Markov, a Bulgarian defector, died at a British hospital four days after being stabbed by a man wielding a poisoned umbrella tip. British investigative reporter Peter Earle (d.1997 at 71) revealed that Markov was jabbed by an East German agent with a poison tipped umbrella on Waterloo Bridge. The original report stated that Markov died of a heart attack. In 1993 Danish authorities charged a Dane of Italian origin, Francesco Guillino, with killing Markov. Guillino, who reportedly had worked for the Bulgarian secret services since 1972, denied any wrongdoing and eventually was freed. In 2005 journalist Hristo Hristov authored “Kill Vagabond," in which he presented new evidence confirming that the hit was planned and carried out by Bulgaria's communist-era secret service.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)(AP, 9/11/98)(AP, 6/16/05)(SFC, 6/17/05, p.W5)

1978        Sep 12, The TV sitcom "Taxi" premiered on ABC television.
1978        Sep 12, The first annual "Day of Martyrs" was held in South Africa to remember those who gave their lives in the struggle against apartheid.

1978        Sep 13, The US Navy's F-18 Hornet makes its public debut during rollout ceremonies in St. Louis, Mo.

1978        Sep 14, The Soviet Union suspended further flights of the supersonic TU 144.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Sep 15, In Thailand PM Kriangsak Chomanan submitted an amnesty bill for the "Bangkok 18" left-wing students and labor activists jailed in connection with the 1976 crackdown. He also initiated an amnesty program for former members of the Communist Party, a reconciliation policy that eventually helped quash its insurgency.
    (AP, 12/23/03)(http://tinyurl.com/2w4xdx)
1978        Sep 15, Willy Messerschmitt (b.1898), German aircraft builder, died in Munich.

1978        Sep 16, The Grateful Dead performed at the Great Pyramid of Giza. Hanza El Din (1930-2006), Nubian oud virtuoso, first played with the Grateful Dead.
    (SFC, 5/26/06, p.B9)(www.archive.org/details/gd78-09-16.sbd.orf.2319.sbeok.shnf)
1978        Sep 16, In northeast Iran a magnitude 7.7 earthquake killed some 25,000 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 6/22/02)

1978        Sep 17, In the 30th Emmy Awards winners included All in the Family, Ed Asner & Sada Thompson.
1978        Sep 17, US Pres. Carter, Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt signed agreements at Camp David, Md. Israel promised to withdraw gradually from Sinai and to establish some form of autonomous Palestinian territory on the West Bank. Sadat’s astrologer, Hasan al-Tuhami, was the only person Sadat trusted. In the Camp David Accord "Israel was the winner and Egypt the Loser." Thus wrote Boutros Boutros-Ghali in his 1997 book: "Egypt’s Road to Jerusalem: A Diplomat’s Story of the Struggle for Peace in the Middle East."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(TL, 1988, p.119)(SFC, 6/2/97, p.D5)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)
1978        Sep 17, The International Banking Act of 1978 was enacted. It permitted a foreign bank to select its home state from among the US states in which it operated branches and agencies on the grandfather date. If a foreign bank's office that was established or applied for prior to June 27, 1978, is a branch as defined in the International Banking Act, then it is grandfathered as a branch.
    (WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A8)(www.bankersonline.com/regs/211/211-601.html)
1978        Sep 17, Rolf Gunther, East German priest, died from self immolation.

1978        Sep 18, The TV show "WKRP in Cincinnati" began and continued to 1982. Frank Bonner (1942-2021) played a brash salesman on the show.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WKRP_in_Cincinnati)(SSFC, 6/20/21, p.F8)

1978        Sep 20, "Eubie!" opened at Ambassador Theater NYC for 439 performances.
1978        Sep 20, John Vorster, prime minister of white-ruled South Africa since 1966, announced his resignation.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

1978        Sep 25, In Calif. 144 people were killed when a Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) Boeing 727 and a Cessna private plane collided over San Diego.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 9/25/97)
1978        Sep 25, Jacobo Timerman was released by Argentina’s ruling junta under international pressure. His citizenship was stripped, his newspaper confiscated and he was put on a plane for Israel.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.D6)

1978        Sep 26, NY District Court Judge Constance Baker Motley ruled that women sportswriters cannot be banned from NYC sports locker rooms.
1978        Sep 26, British unions, fed up with wage restraints, launched their “winter of discontent," to the humiliation of James Callaghan’s government.
    (http://web.onetel.net.uk/~davewalton/archive/local/winterofdiscontent.html)(SSFC, 3/27/05, p.A21)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.69)

1978        Sep 28, Rosemary Cobbs (26), a graduate student at USC in Los Angeles, was beaten and shot to death by Stevie Lamar Fields (22). Williams had been out of prison for just 2 weeks when he went on a 3-week crime spree. In 2007 a federal appeals court reinstated his death sentence.
    (SFC, 9/11/07, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/2osxw8)
1978        Sep 28, The Israeli Knesset endorsed the Camp David accord.
1978        Sep 28, P.W. Botha (1916-2006) began serving as Prime Minister of the apartheid regime of South Africa. In 1984 he became president and continued until 1989.
    (SFC, 9/18/96, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pieter_Willem_Botha)
1978        Sep 28, Pope John Paul I [Albino Luciano] died after 33 days as pope. He was found dead the next day in his Vatican apartment.
    (www.prose-n-poetry.com/display_work/10583/)(AP, 9/29/97)

1978        Sep 29, Mary Vincent (15), was raped, maimed and left for dead in a canyon near Modesto, Ca. She lived and identified Lawrence Singleton as her assailant. He was convicted but released after serving 8 years of a 14 year sentence. In 1997 he was arrested for the murder of woman, Roxanne Hayes, a prostitute, in Tampa, Florida. A trial in Dec 1997 ended in a mistrial and another was set for 1998. He was sentenced to death in 1998, but died of cancer in 2001 in a Florida prison hospital.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A1,11)(SFC,12/11/97, p.A3)(SFC, 2/9/98, p.A22)(SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)
1978        Sep 29, In West Bengal, floods killed 150 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Sep 30, Huey Newton (1942-1989) was convicted in Oakland, Ca., on weapons charges and launched into a 40 minute harangue calling SF Superior Court Judge Joseph Koresh (1909-1996) "a renegade Jew."
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.E2)(www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/pacificapanthers.html)
1978        Sep 30, Edgar Bergen (b.1903), American actor and ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), died in Las Vegas. He was born as Edgar John Bergren in Chicago, Illinois, to a Swedish family and grew up in Decatur, Michigan.

1978        Oct 1, The US Inspector General Act, passed in the wake of Watergate, became effective and established IGs in 12 federal agencies. By 2020 the number had grown to 74.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inspector_General_Act_of_1978)(Econ., 5/9/20, p.18)
1978        Oct 1, The Pacific island of Tuvalu gained independence from Britain. It had been the Ellice bit of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/gudsmhv)(Econ, 3/19/15, p.64)

1978        Oct 2, Syrian troops pounded Christian districts of Beirut with heavy artillery and rocket fire early today, and right-wing officials said Lebanese militias were fighting back with every weapon they had.
1978        Oct 2, The first Yugo 45 was handmade. The Zastava Koral, also known simply as the Yugo, was a subcompact vehicle built in Yugoslavia by Zastava corporation. The Yugo entered the United States by means of Malcolm Bricklin, who wanted to introduce a simple, low cost car to that market. In total 141,511 cars were sold in the US from 1985 to 1991, with the most American units sold in a year peaking at 48,500 in 1987.

1978        Oct 3, Ayatollah Khomeini (1902-1989) left Iraq for Kuwait after the Shah sought his deportation. He was refused entry in Kuwait and moved to Paris.

1978        Oct 4, Diane Feinstein, President of the SF Board of Supervisors, presided over the opening the Pier 39 complex in a one-piece bathing suit. Warren L. Simmons (d.2006 at 79) developed the project and sold it in 1981. In 1986 Simmons co-found Chevy’s restaurants.
    (SFC, 10/3/03, p.E3)(SFC, 6/23/06, p.B9)
1978        Oct 4, Funeral services were held at the Vatican for Pope John Paul I.
    (AP, 10/4/98)

1978        Oct 5, Isaac Bashevis Singer (1902-1991), Polish-born American author, was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (AP, 10/5/98)

1978        Oct 9, Larry Singleton (1927-2001), rapist, was arrested in Sparks, Nev. He was later convicted of raping and mutilating Mary Vincent (15) of Las Vegas.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Singleton)
1978        Oct 9, Jacques Brel (b.1929), Belgian-born French cabaret singer, died. He was buried at Atuona on the Marquesas Island of Hiva Oa. An American musical revue of his songs, “Jacques Brel Is Alive and Well and Living in Paris," debuted in 1968 and has played around the world since.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Brel)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.C9)

1978        Oct 10, President Carter signed a bill authorizing the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin.
    (www.usmint.gov/historianscorner/?action=coinDetail&id=347)(AP, 10/10/98)
1978        Oct 10, San Francisco City Hall and the Civic Center area was declared a national landmark.
    (SFC, 1/1/99, p.A13)(www.ceitronics.com/New_pages/timelinepr.html)

1978        Oct 12, Representatives of Israel and Egypt opened talks in Washington.
1978        Oct 12, Nancy Spungen (b.1958), girlfriend of Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious, was found dead on the bathroom floor of their NYC hotel room. She had bled to death from a single stab wound to the abdomen.
1978        Oct 12, In Uganda Idi Amin escaped an 11th assassination attempt.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Oct 16, The College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Wojtyla (58), Archbishop of Cracow, to become Pope. He took the name John Paul II. The first non-Italian since Adrian VI of Utrecht died in 1523.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(HN, 10/16/98)
1978        Oct 16, An attempted coup against President Ali Abdullah Saleh of North Yemen was crushed.

1978        Oct 17, President Carter signed a bill restoring U.S. citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
    (AP, 10/17/98)

1978        Oct 18, Zbigniew Ziembinski (b.1908), actor and director, died in Rio de Janeiro. He is considered to be the father of modern Brazilian theatre.
    (Econ, 11/26/16, p.33)
1978        Oct 18, Jaume Ramon Mercader del Rio Hernandez (b.1914), aka Jacques Mornard, Spanish Communist and murderer of Leon Trotsky, died in Cuba. Declassified archives showed that he was a Soviet agent. In 1940 Mercader fatally wounded Trotsky with an ice axe in his study at his home in Coyoacan, then a village on the southern fringes of Mexico City.  Joseph Stalin presented him with an Order of Lenin in absentia. Mercader was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union after his release in 1961. He divided his time between Cuba and the USSR.

1978        Oct 19, The US League of Savings and Loan Associations reported that the San Francisco Bay Area had the highest housing costs in the nation.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.E9)
1978        Oct 19, Gig Young (b.1913), film and TV star, killed his bride of 3 weeks and then committed suicide in NYC. Young had recently married his fifth wife, a German art gallery employee named Kim Schmidt (31). He had met Schmidt on the set of his final film, Game of Death, where she was working as a script supervisor. Young was born as Byron Elsworth Barr in St. Cloud, Minnesota.
1978        Oct 19, The Afghan flag was changed. The national flag, also used as state and war flag, was a 1:2 red flag with a yellow Soviet-like emblem in the canton. Red symbolized the fight against imperialism, feudality and all other kinds of oppression.

1978        Oct 22, Laugh-in's Judy Carne was arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession.
1978        Oct 22, Negotiators for Egypt and Israel announced in Washington they had reached tentative agreement on the main points of a peace treaty.
    (AP, 10/22/98)

1978        Oct 23, CBS raised long playing vinyl album prices to $8.98.
1978        Oct 23, Sid Vicious attempted suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC.
1978        Oct 23, Maybelle Carter (b.1909), Virginia-born country singer, died in Nashville, Tenn. She was a member of the original Carter Family, which was formed in 1927 by her brother-in-law, A. P. Carter, who was married to her cousin, Sara, also a part of the trio.
1978        Oct 23, China and Japan exchanged treaty ratification documents in Tokyo, formally ending four decades of hostility.
    (AP, 10/23/97)

1978        Oct 24, Pres. Carter signed the Airline Deregulation Act. The main purpose of the act was to remove government control from commercial aviation and expose the passenger airline industry to market forces. Alfred Kahn (1917-2010) was the head of America’s Civil Aeronautics Board and the driving force behind the deregulation of air travel.
    (WSJ, 10/5/04, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airline_Deregulation_Act)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.67)
1978        Oct 24, The weather satellite Nimbus-7 was launched with a Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) as one of its instruments.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.142)(http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/earth/nimbus.html)
1978        Oct 24, Mount Usu, 475 miles north of Tokyo, erupted. Mud flows killed 2 people and 196 homes were destroyed.
    (SFC, 3/30/00, p.C3)(http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110004665764/en/)

1978        Oct 25, The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978 was signed into law by President Carter. It was introduced on May 18, 1977, by Senator Ted Kennedy. FISA prescribed procedures for requesting judicial authorization for electronic surveillance and physical search of persons engaged in espionage or international terrorism against the US on behalf of a foreign power. The FISA court was created to approve or deny government requests to listen to foreigners’ calls on the ground of national security.
    ((https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_Intelligence_Surveillance_Act))(Econ, 6/15/13, p.23)

1978        Oct 26, Pres. Carter signed the Ethics in Government Act. It provided for the appointment of independent counsels. The Supreme Court upheld the law in 1987.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=30049)(AP, 8/31/97)(SFEC, 3/7/99, Z1 p.6)
1978        Oct 26, In Somalia the 17 leaders of the April coup were executed.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Oct 27, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.
    (AP, 10/27/97)
1978        Oct 27, Typhoon Rita struck in the Philippines and killed 150 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Oct 29, The US Women’s Army Corp (WAC) was deactivated.
    (AH, 10/02, p.14)(www.armywomen.org/wacHistory.shtml)

1978        Oct 30, Uganda troops attacked Tanzania. Uganda under Idi Amin went on to annex a 700-square-mile section of Tanzania. Pres. Nyerere sent Tanzanian soldiers and Ugandan exile volunteers to push back Amin's forces.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D7)(www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/08/16/1060936102425.html)

1978        Oct 31, The US Pregnancy Discrimination Act was passed making it illegal to fire women for being pregnant or having a child. It amended Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, SR p.9)

1978        Oct, Kathy Keeton Guccione (1939-1997), associate founder of Penthouse Magazine, launched Omni Magazine.
    (SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kathy_Keeton)
1978        Oct, The Holden Commodore, a medium to large sedan, began to be sold by Holden. It was manufactured from 1978 to 2017 in Australia and from 1979 to 1990 in New Zealand, with production in Australia ending on 20 October 2017. From 2018 the Holden Commodore is fully imported from Opel Germany, and is a badge-engineered Opel Insignia.

1978        Nov 1, The Carter administration announced a multipart support package for the US dollar. The Treasury planned to use gold sales, foreign borrowing and a draw on reserves with the IMF to defend the dollar. The Federal Reserve raised the discount rate a full point.
    (WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A1)
1978        Nov 1, The US Dept. of Justice filed its first statement of contentions and proof, settling out detailed charges against AT&T, which eventually led to its breakup.
1978        Nov 1, In Dallas, Texas, Jonathan Bruce Reed attacked Wanda Jean Wadle and her roommate, Kimberly Pursley. He'd apparently entered their apartment by posing as a maintenance man. In 1979 Reed was convicted and condemned to death for the rape-slaying of Wanda Jean Wadle at her apartment. In 2009 an appeals court ruled that Reed could be freed because prosecutors improperly excluded blacks from his jury in the belief that blacks empathize with defendants.
    (AP, 1/14/09)
1978        Nov 1, Uganda, following its invasion into Tanzania, formally annexed a section across the Kagera River boundary.

1978        Nov 3, Dominica gained independence from Britain.
    (PCh, 1992, p.1065)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1978        Nov 4, US National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski called the Shah of Iran to tell him that the US would "back him to the hilt."
1978        Nov 4, In Iran Sharif-Emami (d.1998 at 87 in NYC), prime minister, handed in his resignation after 2 months in office. Shah Pahlavi then appointed Gholam Riza Azhari and tried a military approach as the nation erupted in revolt.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, p.C2)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Iranian_Islamic_revolution)

1978        Nov 5, In Austria 50.5% of the voters said no to turning on the Zwentendorf nuclear power plant and the Austrian nuclear power program came to a halt. The plant at Zwentendorf, begun in 1970, was completed at a cost of 8 billion Austrian schillings and was intended to be the first of six Austrian nuclear plants.

1978        Nov 5, Floods in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, India, killed 125 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Nov 6, Pres. Carter signed the Presidential Records Act of 1978, which put the papers of future presidents in the public domain. It envisioned the release of most sensitive records 12 years after a president left office. It governs the official records of Presidents and Vice Presidents created or received after January 20, 1981 and mandates the preservation of all presidential records. In 2001 Pres. Bush signed an executive order allowing either the White House or former presidents to veto the release of presidential papers.
    (SFC, 11/2/01, p.D3)(www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=30124)
1978        Nov 6, The US Bankruptcy Reform Act revised bankruptcy regulations to allow companies to reorganize under Chapter 11 of the law, rather than liquidate under Chapter 7. It replaced the Bankruptcy Act of 1898, sometimes called the Nelson act, and became effective as of Oct 1, 1979.
1978        Nov 6, The 7-part dramatization "Edward & Mrs. Simpson" began in Britain and a year later was broadcast in the US. Cynthia Harris played Wallis Simpson.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_%26_Mrs._Simpson)(SFC, 10/9/21, p.C4)
1978        Nov 6, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, appointed a military government. In a nationwide television address, he admitted to the past mistakes and told the nation he had heard the sound of their revolution.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(http://bss.sfsu.edu/behrooz/Hist-Revolution.htm)

1978        Nov 7, By this date the CDC had confirmed 496 sporadic cases associated with outbreaks of Legionnaire's disease in the US.
1978        Nov 7, California voters approved Proposition 7, a Briggs initiative, which greatly expanded the kinds of cases in which the death penalty could be imposed. By 2003 the prison population was 159,390 with and annual budget of $5.3 billion. Proposition 6, a Briggs initiative calling to prevent gays and lesbians from teaching in public schools, was defeated.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.A21)(www.rosebirdprocon.org/pop/DeathPen.htm)
1978        Nov 7, Janet Flanner (b.1892), American writer and journalist, died.
1978        Nov 7, Gene Tunney (b.1897), former heavyweight boxing champ (1926-28), died. In 2006 Jack Cavanaugh authored “Tunney: Boxing’s Brainiest Champ and His Upset of the Great Jack Dempsey."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene_Tunney)(WSJ, 11/17/06, p.W6)

1978        Nov 8, The US Congress passed the Indian Child Welfare Act because a high number of Native American children were being removed from their homes by public and private agencies. The law gave preference to Native American families in foster care and adoption proceedings involving native American children.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Child_Welfare_Act)(SFC, 3/13/19, p.A6)
1978        Nov 8, Jerry Brown was re-elected as governor of California. Republican Mike Curb was elected Lt. Gov. State voters rejected restrictions on gay and lesbian teachers in the 1st statewide plebiscite on such an issue.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.E3)
1978        Nov 8, Norman Rockwell (b.1894), American artist, died. He had created nearly 4,000 illustrations that included 321 covers for the Saturday Evening Post. In 2013 Deborah Solomon authored “American Mirror: The Life and Art of Norman Rockwell."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Rockwell)(SFEC, 9/29/96, T10,11)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.F5)

1978        Nov 9, The US Congress enacted a Gas Policy Act as part of broader legislation known as the National Energy Act (NEA).

1978        Nov 11, Veteran's Day, originally know as Armistice Day, became a national US holiday in 1938. It was changed back by Congress in this year to this day rather than the 4th Monday of October, which had been set in 1968.
    (SFC, 11/12/99, p.A21)
1978        Nov 11, In southern California Rhonda Wicht (24), a waitress and cosmetology student, was beaten raped and strangled. An intruder also smothered to death her son (4). Craig Coley, her ex-husband, was convicted in a 2nd trial in 1980 and served 38 years in prison before he was freed on the basis of DNA evidence. The California Victim Compensation Board awarded Coley $1.9 million, the highest ever paid to an exonerated California prisoner.
    (SFC, 5/1/18, p.A10)
1978        Nov 11, Charles Howard (b.1899), one of the American artists who introduced European surrealism and biomorphic expressionism into the US art world, died in Italy.

1978        Nov 15, Margaret Mead (b.1901), American cultural anthropologist, died in NY. Her books included “Coming of Age in Samoa." In 1983 Derek Freeman authored "Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth," in which he challenged all of Mead’s major findings.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Mead)

1978        Nov 18, In Jonestown, Guyana, California Rep. Leo J. Ryan and four other people, investigating the Jim Jones cult, were killed by members of the Peoples Temple. Greg Robinson, a SF Examiner photographer, Don Harris, NBC correspondent, Bob Brown, NBC cameraman, and Patricia Parks, a temple defector, were shot dead. Congressional aide Jackie Speier survived 5 bullets. The killings were followed by a night of mass murder and suicide. 918 people died at Jonestown, including 260 children. In 1982 John Jacobs and Tim Reiterman authored "Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev. Jim Jones and His People." In 2011 survivors unveiled a memorial at Evergreen Cemetery in Oakland, Ca., with the names of all the dead.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.22)(AP, 11/18/97)(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.A18)(SFC, 5/25/00, p.C2)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Jones)(SFC, 5/30/11, p.C1)

1978        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka a cyclone killed 1,500 people.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Nov 25, An Icelandic DC-8 jet crashed and killed 183 Muslim pilgrims in Sri Lanka.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1978        Nov 26, Muslim religious leaders and politicians seeking to topple Shah of Iran called a general strike that virtually paralyzed the country.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
1978        Nov 26, Albert Miles, governor of the maze prison, was murdered when gunmen forced their way into his home and shot him while restraining his wife. Two men were later convicted of his murder and given life sentences.

1978        Nov 27, San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supv. Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were gunned down inside City Hall by former supervisor Dan White. White used 4 bullets on Moscone and turned himself in at the city’s Northern Police station and made a 24-minute taped confession. Moscone became the 3rd US mayor to die in a political killing. Diane Feinstein automatically became acting mayor of SF. She was then elected by the board members to serve out Moscone’s term.
    (SFC, 9/13/96, p.E2)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A8)(AP, 11/27/97)(SFC, 11/26/98, p.A19)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.E2)(SFC, 5/14/04, p.F5)

1978        Nov 28, Armida Wiltsey (40) of Lafayette, Ca., was found raped and strangled near the Lafayette Reservoir. In 2003 DNA evidence linked Darryl Kemp, a Texas inmate, to the murder. Kemp had been recently paroled from prison, where he served time for killing a nurse in 1957. His death sentence in that case was commuted when the death penalty was declared unconstitutional in 1972.  In late 2008 a jury said that Kemp should be executed.
    (SFC, 10/4/03, p.A15)(SFC, 1/1/09, p.B3)

1978        Nov 30, In Chile the remains of 15 disappeared were discovered in Lonquen. The Vicaria publicly announced the discovery of an illegal burial ground in an abandoned limestone mine in Lonquén which had been used to conceal the bodies of 15 people who had disappeared since the onset of the military regime in 1973.

1978        Nov, Peter Seeburg quit the Univ. of California and went to work for Genentech, where a crash program was in process to create a growth hormone drug.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.B2)

1978        Dec 1, Pres. Jimmy Carter proclaimed 15 new national monuments, eleven under NPS jurisdiction and two each for the Forest Service and the Fish and Wildlife Service.

1978        Dec 2, Streisand and Diamond's "You Don't Bring Me Flowers," went #1.
1978        Dec 2, Anti-Shah protesters poured through Tehran chanting "Allah is great."
1978        Dec 2, Pakistan’s General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq delivered a nationwide address on the occasion of the first day of the Hijra calendar. He did this in order to usher in an Islamic system.

1978        Dec 3, William Grant Still (b.1895), the first important black symphonic composer, died.
    (WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Grant_Still)

1978        Dec 4, San Francisco got its first female mayor. The Board of Supervisors voted 6-2 for Dianne Feinstein to replace the assassinated George Moscone. The Board voted unanimously to rename Yerba Buena Convention Center after Moscone and to name a new gay community center after Harvey Milk.
    (AP, 12/4/98)(SFC, 12/5/03, p.E10)

1978        Dec 5, The American space probe Pioneer Venus I, orbiting Venus, began beaming back its first information and picture of the planet to scientists in Mountain View, Calif.
    (AP, 12/5/98)
1978        Dec 5, Afghan Pres. Nur Mohammad Tarakai, head of People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA), signed a treaty of friendship with the Soviet Union.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(www.eedi.org.ua/eem/7eng.html)

1978        Dec 8, Golda Meir (80), PM of Israel from 1969 to 1974, died of cancer in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 12/8/97)
1978        Dec 8, Harry Winston (b.1896), jeweler to the stars, died. He purchased the Hope diamond in 1949 and later donated it to the Smithsonian Institute.
    (WSJ, 2/14/96, p.A-1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Winston)

1978        Dec 10, Edward D. Wood (b.1924), film director, died in North Hollywood, Ca. His films included "Plan 9 From Outer Space" (1959). He became infamous for his bad movies. In 1994 the film "Ed Wood" by Tim Burton was made in homage.
    (AP, 12/10/98)(SFC, 12/25/98, p.C21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_D._Wood,_Jr.)

1978        Dec 11, Six masked men bound 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at NY Kennedy Airport & made off with $5.8 M in cash & jewelry. Nicholas Pileggi wrote "Wise Guys," which described his participation in the heist. The robbery inspired the movie "Goodfellas." On Jan 23, 2014, Vincent Asaro (78) was arrested at his home in NYC and charged with helping direct the heist as well as a 1969 murder.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lufthansa_heist)(SFC, 5/10/97, p.A3)(SFC, 1/24/14, p.A22)
1978        Dec 11, Massive demonstrations took place in Tehran against the Shah. In Isfahan, Iran, 40 people were killed and 60 wounded during riots against the Shah.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(HN, 12/11/98)

1978        Dec 13, The Philadelphia Mint began stamping the Susan B. Anthony dollar, which went into circulation the following July. This was the 1st US coin to honor a woman.
    (AP, 12/13/97)(http://tinyurl.com/377b2l)

1978        Dec 14, In Northern Ireland John Murdie McTier, Belfast Prison officer, was driving home with two colleagues when a number of shots were fired from a passing car by the IRA. Both his passengers survived the attack but Mr. McTier died three days later from his wounds. He was survived by his wife and three small children.

1978        Dec 15, President Carter announced he would grant diplomatic recognition to the People’s Republic of China, i.e. Communist China, on New Year's Day and sever official relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan).
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(AP, 12/15/98)
1978        Dec 15, Cleveland became the first major US city since the Great Depression to default on its loans. Mayor Dennis Kucinich had refused to privatize the local electric utility and took the city into bankruptcy.
    (AP, 12/15/08)(Econ, 7/23/16, p.54)
1978        Dec 15, Aides of Tennessee Gov. Ray Blanton (1930-1996) were charged with accepting money in exchange for approving paroles. Two were convicted and sent to prison. The scandal inspired a book, ''Marie: A True Story'' (1983) by Peter Maas.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)(http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=B049)

1978        Dec 18, The US Supreme Court ruled in Marquette vs. First Omaha Service Corp. that  national banks can charge customers throughout the country any interest rate allowed by the institution’s home state. This led financial institutions to move credit offices to states with no or very high interest caps.
    (SFC, 5/4/05, p.C1)(http://supreme.justia.com/us/439/299/)
1978        Dec 18, Harold Lasswell (b.1902), American sociologist, died. He declared that the communication theorist must always answer the question "Who says what to whom with what effect?"

1978        Dec 19, In Turkey rioting erupted after a bomb was thrown into a cinema attended mostly by right-wingers in Kahramanmaras. Over the next week more than 100 Alevis were left dead by mobs of nationalists and Islamists.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mara%C5%9F_massacre)(Econ 7/1/17, p.43)

1978        Dec 20, Former White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman was released from prison after serving 18 months for his role in the Watergate cover-up.
    (AP, 12/20/98)

1978        Dec 21, Police in Des Plaines, Ill., arrested John W. Gacy Jr. and began unearthing the remains of 33 men and boys that Gacy was later convicted of murdering. 27 bodies were found under his house, 2 in the back yard and 4 were fished out of the nearby Des Plaines River. He was executed in 1994.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)(AP, 12/21/98)

1978        Dec 22, California Highway Patrol Officer Roy Blecher (50) and William Freeman (35) were shot to death with their own guns while patrolling on I-80 in West Sacramento. Luis Rodriguez (23) and Margaret Klaess (19) were charged with the murders. Klaess pleaded guilty to a lesser charge and served 3 years in prison. Rodriguez (d.2016) was sentenced to life in prison.
    (www.odmp.org/officer/1941-officer-roy-p-blecher)(SFC, 4/16/16, p.C4)
1978        Dec 22, The Communist Party in China issued a communiqué following 2 meetings on the economy. Teng Hsiao-p’ing (Deng Xiaoping) led the Chinese people in a Great Leap Forward with a program of economic reform in a market oriented economy. Deng introduced the "household responsibility system" in a drought-parched region which allowed farmers to keep some of the benefits of their labors. Deng Xiaoping announced a new "open door" policy.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3y2ljv)(WSJ, 12/19/94, A-1)(SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)(WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A22)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.31)
1978        Dec 22, Rudolf Slavik, Czechoslovakia-born creator of the Leviathan cocktail (1934), died.
    (SSFC, 12/13/09, p.K3)

1978        Dec 25, Guards at the SF De Young Museum discovered that 4 Renaissance paintings had been stolen. In 1999 3 of the works, including Rembrandt's "Portrait of a Rabbi," were recovered in NYC. "Harbor Scene" by William van de Velde was still missing.
    (SFC, 11/11/99, p.A1,13)(SFC, 2/10/00, p.A27)(SFC, 12/19/03, p.E2)
1978        Dec 25, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and drove the Khmer Rouge into sanctuaries along the Thai border, finally ending the mass genocide depicted in the 1984 film "The Killing Fields." It was the first full-scale war between the two countries since 1917. 400 people were killed in initial clashes.
    (NG, 5/85, p.574-5)(WSJ, 2/27/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A11)

1978        Dec 26, In San Jose, Ca., Nolan K. Bushnell, inventor of the Pong video game, opened the 20,000-sq.-foot Pizza Time Theater, the world's largest pizza parlor.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.E2)
1978        Dec 20, India's former PM, Indira Gandhi, was arrested by police after India's Lower House of Parliament voted to expel her and have her jailed for breach of privilege and contempt of the Lower House. She was released after 6 days.

1978        Dec 27, Algerian President Houari Boumediene, one of the Third World's most prominent and outspoken leaders, died after 40 days in a coma.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
1978        Dec 27, King Juan Carlos ratified Spain's 1st democratic constitution. A parliamentary monarchy was established with power in the hands of the legislative branch. Many powers centralized under Franco were devolved to the 17 autonomous regions. Manuel Fraga (1922-2012) helped write the country's post-Franco, democratic Constitution. Catalonia was granted more self-government than almost any other part of Europe.
    (www.igsap.map.es/cia/dispo/ce_ingles_index.htm)(Econ, 1/14/06, p.17)(AP, 1/16/12)(Econ, 1/7/17, p.44)
1978        Dec 27, The Basque Country's fiscal privileges, granted during the 19th century and then partially abolished during General Francisco Franco's 1939-75 dictatorship, were finally restored this year in Spain’s democratic constitution.
    (AFP, 9/25/17)
1978        Dec 27, In South Yemen the Supreme Council elected a new president. He reversed moves toward reconciliation with North Yemen and acquiesced to a continued Soviet military buildup.
    (PC, 1992, p.1065)

1978        Dec 30, Ohio State University fired Woody Hayes as its football coach, one day after Hayes punched Clemson University player Charlie Bauman during the Gator Bowl after Bauman intercepted an Ohio pass.
    (AP, 12/30/98)

1978        Dec 31, John McFall (1918-2006), an 11-term California Democrat, resigned from the US House of Representatives. In October the House had reprimanded him and 2 other California Democratic colleagues, Edward Roybal and Charles Wilson, for the questionable handling of money donated by South Korean businessman Tongsun Park.
    (SFC, 3/15/06, p.B7)
1978        Dec 31, Peter Seeburg, one of 3 Univ. of California scientists who had identified the DNA for human growth hormone earlier in the year, returned to UCSF in a "midnight raid" and remove genetic material. Seeburg had left the university in late 1978 to join Genentech giving up rights to his materials, for which UCSF had filed a patent. In 1990 UCSF filed a patent infringement suit against Genentech.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.B2)(www.mindfully.org/GE/Biotech-Born-Thief-1978.htm)
1978        Dec 31, Taiwanese diplomats struck their colors for the final time from the embassy flagpole in Washington, marking the end of diplomatic relations with the United States.
    (AP, 12/31/97)
1978        Dec 31, Nicolau Lobato (b.1946), East Timor guerrilla commander, was killed. Jose Alexandre Gusmao was made the de facto Falintil leader.

1978        Dec, Nestor Cerpa, union leader, led 50 workers in the occupation of the Cromotex textile factory in Lima over low wages and layoffs. They held the plant for more than 6 weeks before the police stormed it. Six workers and a police officer were killed.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10,12)(SFC, 5/3/97, p.A8)

1978        The "Seated Woman" by American artist John De Andrea (b.1941) was nude, made of polyvinyl and utterly realistic.
    (TL, 1988, p.119)(www.artmolds.com/ali/halloffame/john_deandrea.htm)

1978        Hannah Wilke (1940-1993), NYC-born American artist, began creating her performance art piece "So Help Me Hannah." It featured her nude before a camera in a variety of dance-like poses.
    (WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A18)(www.artnet.com/artist/17886/hannah-wilke.html)

1978        Gene Autrey wrote his autobiography "Back in the Saddle Again."
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, DB p.49)
1978        Daniel Bell (1919-2011) authored “The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism."
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.80)
1978        Isaiah Berlin (1909-1997), Latvia-born Jewish political philosopher and historian, published "Russian Thinkers." He was the first person of Jewish descent to be elected to a prize fellowship at the elite All Souls College, Oxford.
    (WSJ, 8/24/98, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaiah_Berlin)
1978        Sisseal Bok authored "Lying." She argued that people rationalize their lies by pretending that they are meant for the good of others when in fact they benefit only the liar personally. In 2001 Jeremy Campbell authored "The Liar’s Tale" and Evelin Sullivan authored "The Concise Book of Lying."
    (WSJ, 8/9/01, p.A10)
1978        Elias Canetti (1905-1994), Bulgaria-born Jewish author, wrote "Voices of Marrakesh: A Record of a Visit." In 1981 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (NH, 5/96, p.68)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elias_Canetti)
1978        Shirley Conran (b.1932), British journalist, authored her best seller “Superwoman."
1978        Christina Crawford wrote "Mommie Dearest," the story of her life with her foster mother, actress Joan Crawford. It was made into a 1981 film.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.D1,6)
1978        Will Eisner (1917-2005) published “A Contract With God," the 1st serious book-length comic to describe itself as a graphic novel.
    (Econ, 10/30/04, p.86)(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.D10)
1978        Arthur Evans (1942-2011) authored “witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture." It traced homophobic attitudes to the Middle Ages.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.C4)
1978        Film actress Joan Fontaine (1917-2013) authored her autobiography “No Bed of Roses.
    (SFC, 12/16/13, p.A7)
1978        New Age seeker and SF Bay Area self-help pioneer Carol Louise Gawain (1948-2018), aka Shakti Gawain, authored "Creative Visualization." She became a brand name in the world of personal growth and consciousness. She went on to sell 10 million copies of 12 books that sold in 38 languages.
    (SFC, 11/22/18, p.C4)
1978        "The Human Factor" by Graham Green was published. It was a story of espionage loyalty and betrayal.
    (TL, 1988, p.119)
1978        Ernest Hilgard (d.2001 at 97), Stanford psychologist, authored "Psychology in America: A Historical Survey." Hilgard was also a pioneer in the scientific study of hypnosis.
    (SFC, 10/31/01, p.C4)
1978        John Irving (b.1942) authored his novel "The World According to Garp."
    (SSFC, 7/8/01, DB p.66)
1978        John Janovy published his book on the Nebraska grasslands: "Keith County Journal."
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.78)
1978        Charles P. Kindleberger (d.2003), economist, authored "Manias, Panics, and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises.
    (WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A1)(NW, 7/28/03, p.45)
1978        Walter Korn (d.1997 at 89), chess authority, wrote "America’s Chess Heritage."
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A18)
1978        Larry Kramer authored his debut novel "Faggots." In 1987 Kramer launched the AIDS activist group ACT UP.
    (NW, 6/11/01, p.45)
1978        Barry Hannah wrote his novel "Airships."
    (WSJ, 10/25/96, p.A15)
1978        Jane Lidz authored "Rolling Homes: Handmade Houses on Wheels."
    (SSFC, 7/29/18, p.F2)
1978        Peter Matthiessen wrote "The Snow Leopard." It was about the precarious status of the leopard and won a National Book Award.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.B11)
1978        John Maynard (1920-2004), English biologist, authored "The Evolution of Sex."
    (SSFC, 4/25/04, p.B7)
1978        James Michener wrote his novel "Chesapeake."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)
1978        Iris Murdoch (1919-1999), Irish-born writer and Philosopher published "The Sea, The Sea." It won the Booker Prize.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iris_Murdoch)
1978        Robert Oakeshott (1933-2011), British social reformer, authored “The Case for Worker’s Co-ops."
1978        William Pierce (d.2002) wrote the "Turner Diaries," a novel that describes a race war touched off when the narrator blows up the FBI headquarters in Washington with a fertilizer and fuel bomb transported in a truck.
    (SFC, 5/3/96, A-10)
1978        David Rorvick published "In His Image: The Cloning of Man," an alleged tale of a successful cloning. It was ruled a hoax in 1981.
    (NH, 9/98, p.11)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A2)
1978        Prof. Edward Said of Columbia published "Orientalism." In it he adopted Michel Foucault's view of oppressive power in Western conceptual systems as a covert instrument of domination. In 2006 Robert Irwin authored “Dangerous Knowledge," a history of Orientalism and a refutation of Said’s thesis.
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A26)(WSJ, 11/4/06, p.P10)
1978        Ulysses Grant Sharp Jr. (d.2001 at 95), US Admiral, authored "Strategy for Defeat: Vietnam in Retrospect." He criticized American strategy and believed the war could have been won.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A25)
1978        Quentin Skinner of Cambridge Univ. authored "The Foundations of Modern Political Thought."
    (Econ, 1/17/04, p.72)
1978        Gore Vidal published his satirical fantasy "Kalki."
    (WSJ, 2/27/98, p.A12)
1978        William Waldegrave (b.1946), English politician, authored “The Binding of Leviathan: Conservatism and the Future."
    (Econ, 3/19/11, SR p.18)
1978        Edward O. Wilson published his Pulitzer Prize winning book: "On Human Nature."
    (WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)
1978        Anne Wooliams (d.1999 at 72), British ballet director, published "Ballet Studio." A German edition was published in 1973.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A21)
1978        Bernie Zilbergeld (d.2002), psychologist, authored "Male Sexuality." In 1999 it was updated and published as "The New Male Sexuality."
    (SFC, 6/20/02, p.A20)

1978        Hugh Leonard (b.1926), Irish dramatist and journalist, won the Tony Award for best play for his comedy play: "Da" (1977).

1978        Walter Kerr (1913-1996), drama critic, was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for criticism.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.C6)

1978        The show "One Mo’ Time" was staged based on the book by Vernel Bagneris. It was tribute to 1920s black vaudeville set around backstage banter at a New Orleans Honky Tonk.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.E1)

1978        The American film “Go Tell the Spartans," a low budget work about the Vietnam War, was directed by Ted Post (1918-2013).
    (WSJ, 7/10/98, p.B1)(SSFC, 8/25/13, p.C12)
1978        The film “Midnight Express" was about an American drug runner abused by Turkish jailers. It was based on the real-life story of Billy Hayes (23), an American who spent five long, agonizing years in a Turkish prison for attempting to smuggle two kilos of hashish on his way home to the USA in 1970.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A1)(www.filmreference.com/Films-Mi-My/Midnight-Express.html)
1978        David Grossman created his documentary “The Yellow Wind." It engaged with the lives of Palestinians living in Gaza and the West Bank under Israeli occupation.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.103)

1978        Vivian Fine (1913-2000), American composer, wrote her opera "The Women in the Garden."
    (SFC, 3/29/00, p.A23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vivian_Fine)

1978        The opera "Le Grande Macabre" by Gyorgi Ligeti (1923-2006) premiered in Stockholm.
    (WSJ, 7/31/97, p.A16)(www.naxos.com/composerinfo/bio22120.htm)

1978        The TV series "Fantasy Island" began as an Aaron Spelling production. The show was created by Gene Levitt (d.1999 at 79) and continued until 1984.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.D3)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)
1978        The TV show "The Paper Chase" was based on the novel and 1973 movie. It starred James Stephens as a first-year law student. Showtime cable picked up the series for 36 new episodes.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.E1)
1978        The British sci-fi TV series "Dr. Who," which began in 1963, reached the US. It featured a space traveling Doctor who was hundreds of years old from the planet Gellifrey. He used a London police call box as the external form of his space vessel. The interior was spacious with comfortable Edwardian touches.
    (SFC, 5/14/96, E-1)
1978        "Diff'rent Strokes" premiered on TV and ran to 1984. It co-starred Conrad Bain (d.2013 at 89), Dana Plato (d.1999 at 34), Todd Bridges and Gary Coleman (d.2010). Charlotte Rae (1926-2018) played housemother Mrs. Garret to a brood of teenage girls.
    (SFC, 5/10/99, p.A19)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.D6)(SFC, 8/9/18, p.D6)
1978        Larry King began a late-night talk show on Mutual Network.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)

1978        Plastic Bertrand, Belgian musician, made a hit with "Ca Plane Pour Moi."
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic_Bertrand)

1978        Jello Biafra (b.1958), born as Eric Reed Boucher in Boulder, Colo., moved to San Francisco, took on a new name and co-founded the Dead Kennedys, a punk band that soon played at the Mabuhay Gardens.
    (SFC, 6/14/08, p.E3)

1978        Devo, a new wave band from Akron, Ohio, recorded "Are We Not Men?" The group played on the theme of de-evolution and was led by Mark Mothersbaugh.
    (SFEC, 9/27/98, DB p.41)

1978        Molly Hatchet, a Southern rock band, went platinum with their self-titled album. Lead singer Danny Joe Brown died in 2005 at age 53.
    (SFC, 3/15/05, p.B5)

1978        Hans Werner Henze (b.1926), German composer living in Italy, wrote his ballet "Orpheus."
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, DB p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Werner_Henze)

1978        Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson made a hit with their duet: "Mammas Don’t Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys."
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A2)

1978         Billy Joel (b.1949), American singer, recorded his song “My Life." It became the theme song for the TV sitcom “Bosom Buddies," (1980-1982).
1978         Billy Joel (b.1949), American singer, recorded his song “My Life." It became the theme song for the TV sitcom “Bosom Buddies," (1980-1982).

1978        Nicolette Larson (d.1997 at 45) recorded "Lotta Love" by Neil Simon. She was named best female singer by Rolling Stone magazine.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C16)

1978        Los Lobos released their first album: "Just Another Band from East L.A."
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.20)

1978        Zubin Mehta (b.1936), India-born conductor, began serving served as music director of the New York Philharmonic and continued to 1991.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zubin_Mehta)

1978        The Plasmatics punk band made their debut in New York City clubs. Wendy O. Williams (d.1998 at 48), the lead singer, was charged a number of times for simulated sex acts on stage.
    (SFC, 4/8/98, p.B2)

1978        The Rockets, a Texas blues band, was founded by guitarist Anson Funderburgh. The group was joined by Sam Myers in 1986.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, DB p.17)

1978        Kenny Rogers recorded his album "The Gambler," which featured The Gambler song written by Don Schlitz (who had recorded it previously). It was one of five consecutive songs by Rogers to hit #1 on the Billboard country music charts.

1978        Charles Sawtelle (d.1999 at 52) helped found the Hot Rize bluegrass group, named after an ingredient in the Martha White Self-Rising Flour. The Hot Rize product had been promoted for years by bluegrass legends Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs.
    (SFC, 3/25/99, p.C3)

1978        The Sex Pistols performed at Winterland in San Francisco and broke up shortly after.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, DB p.34)

1978        The Cuban jazz band Irakere performed at the Newport Jazz Festival.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.42)(www.apassion4jazz.net/newport.html)

1978        Conductor Yuir Temirkanov introduced Georgian composer Giya Kancheli’s single movement Symphony No. 4, "In Memoria di Michelangelo," to the US.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.C7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giya_Kancheli)

1978        In Virginia the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park, a ribbon of open space created from a railroad’s abandoned right-of-way, was opened.
    (NG, 5.1988, intro)

1978        Hill Auditorium at the Univ. of Michigan, constructed in 1913, was added to the National Register of Historical Places. The 4,200 seat auditorium was a gift from regent Arthur Hill.
    (LSA., Fall 1995, p.15)
1978        In Detroit, Mich., the North Cass Community Union, which organizes the Dally in the Alley every year, formed to save the beautiful buildings in the Wayne State Univ. area from demolition. “The Dally’s a great mix of old and new," says Alan Franklin of the Layabouts, a band that has played the festival since the early years. The union bought a plot of land near Second and Hancock and planned on rebuilding the Horace Dodge Garage, a Michigan historic landmark built in 1904 where Dodge, Henry Ford’s chief engineer, worked on his first motor car.   

1978        Joseph Phelps in California made a new red wine blend called Meritage from a blend of traditional Bordeaux grapes.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, zz1 p.4)(http://tinyurl.com/2q56ok)

1978        John Mackey began his Whole Foods Market in a garage in Austin, Texas, under the name SaferWay. In 1980 he merged with a natural grocery store and opened as Whole Foods Market. The natural foods grocery went public in 1992.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.60)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whole_Foods_Market)

1978        In Massachusetts Aveline (d.2001 at 78) and Michio Kushi founded the Kushi Institute to teach macrobiotics. Aveline later authored her autobiography "Aveline: The Life and Dream of the Woman Behind Macrobiotics Today."
    (SFC, 7/14/01, p.C2)

1978        Helen Caldicott founded Physicians for Social Responsibility.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Z1 p.3)

1978        Faye Wattleton became president of the Planned Parenthood Federation and continued to 1992. She wrote her autobiography "Life on the Line" in 1996.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, BR p.1)

1978        Ewart G. Abner Jr. (d.1997 at 74) founded the Black Music Association. He earlier released the first Beetle record in the US on his Vee-Jay label and at one time headed Motown Records.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, p.A17)

1978        The National Scrabble Association was formed to organize and promote national competition in the game.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.4)

1978        Lawrence Halprin, landscape architect, presented the winning design for a President Roosevelt memorial. The specs for the design included that the memorial last 5,000 years. Dedication of the memorial was in 1997. His initial 1974 proposal was accepted following the 1955 joint resolution of Congress to establish the memorial. In 1998 he published "The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial," a project history and photo-bio.
    (SFC, 4/30/97, p.A1,13)(SFC, 1/30/98, p.E10)

1978        Pres. Jimmy Carter signed the Cranston Act, which loosened restriction on home brewing and changed the federal excise taxes so that home brewers were given lighter levies than big brewers when they sold their product.
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.65)
1978        Pres. Jimmy Carter declared permanent national monuments on 56 million acres in Alaska. Sec. of Interior Cecil Andrus ordered protection of an additional 52 million acres of Alaskan public land.
    (SSFC, 3/27/17, p.C3)

1978        The UN Security Council passed a resolution that demanded an unconditional Israeli withdrawal from south Lebanon after a brief Israeli invasion.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-14)

1978        The last US visa for a retired foreigner to settle in the US was issued.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)

1978        US Marines discovered Soviet agents burrowing a tunnel under the US Embassy.
1978        The US military buried an estimated 250 drums of Agent Orange herbicide and other chemicals at the Camp Carroll base in South Korea. In 2011 the US military acknowledged the burial.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

1978        US net foreign assets this year equaled 9% of GDP. By 2005 this dropped to net liabilities of 25% GDP.
    (WSJ, 1/18/05, p.A13)

1978        The US Consumer product Safety Commission (CPSC) banned the use of lead-based paint. Federal regulations banning lead paint took effect. Sherwin-Williams published that white lead paint was poisonous as far back as 1904.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.A21)(www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/lead/6006.html)
1978        The US EPA banned the use of asbestos for most decorative purposes. Builders were allowed to use stock on hand. It had already been banned in 1973 for fireproofing and insulation purposes. Use in homes continued to 1979.

1978        The US government Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 was extended to include 401k accounts, named after a section of the IRS code. The addition pertained to employer owned investments and were exempt from several rules including diversification. Employees were allowed to save pre-tax dollars and control their investments.
    (www.bambooweb.com/articles/4/0/401K.html)(WSJ, 6/5/96, p.A1,8)(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A1)
1978        Stepwise amendments of the US federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act had begun. The 1978 amendments, which with a few exceptions became effective in January 1979, broadened coverage considerably. They eliminated the upper age limit for coverage of federal employees and raised it from 65 to 70 for all other employees. Mandatory retirement was abolished in the US in 1986.

1978        Vandals blew up a section of the Alaska pipeline, opened in 1977, spilling 700,000 gallons of oil. No one was arrested.
    (SFC, 3/11/06, p.A4)

1978        Howard Jarvis led a tax revolt in California and Prop. XIII established a $7 billion tax cut.   
    (TMC, 1994, p.1978)(WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A8)
1978        Richard Crews, a Harvard-trained California physician, founded the Columbia Pacific University in Novato. The school was ordered to close in 1997 but continued to operate under appeal.
    (SFC, 12/25/99, p.A21)
1978        In southern California Colossus, the world’s tallest and fastest roller coaster, opened at magic Mountain, Santa Clarita. In closed in 2014 for conversion to a modernized wood and steel coaster.
    (SFC, 9/9/14, p.A5)
1978        Safari West began as a private wildlife sanctuary for breeding, education and research. In 1989 Peter Nancy Lang bought the 400-acre Sonoma, Ca., property and later introduced tours and small-group excursions.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, p.T4)
1978        Gilbert Baker (1951-2017), gay artist and activist, designed the eight-colored banner that flew over the Pride festivities in San Francisco. Within a year he agreed to drop two colors because fabrics and dyes in pink and turquoise weren’t always readily available. The six-color flag became globally recognized as a symbol of the LGBT community.
    (SFC, 4/1/17, p.C1)
1978        John Metzer started Metzer’s Farms in the Gabilan foothills of Salinas, Ca. He initially sold balut eggs, partially incubated duck eggs with fully formed embryos.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A17)
1978        Esther Wong (1917-2005) began featuring punk rock music at her restaurant in LA’s Chinatown and Santa Monica. Madame Wong’s in LA closed in 1985, but her Madame Wong’s West in Santa Monica continued operating until 1991.
    (SFC, 8/17/05, p.B7)
1978        Richard Fogel (d.2009 at 86) co-founded Bay City News, a regional wire service for the SF Bay Area.
    (SFC, 9/15/09, p.C4)
1978        California-based Mervyns department store chain merged with Dayton Hudson Corp. (later Target Corp.).
    (WSJ, 9/4/08, p.B6)
1978        Gold was discovered in Lake County, Ca., and Homestake Mining established its open pit McLaughlin Mine. Ore ran out in 2002.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A13)
1978        Hundreds of fish near Iron Mountain, Ca., died from mine pollutants.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)
1978        California’s Shasta Ski Bowl was closed after an avalanche destroyed the main ski lift.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A21)
1978        In California elk were reintroduced to Tomales Point with a herd of 10.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.C1)
1978        Amy Sue Seitz (2) was kidnapped, raped, mutilated with pliers and murdered by Theodore Frank in Ventura County, Ca. His diaries noted molestations over 20 years. Frank was sentenced to death twice but died in prison of a heart attack in 2001.
    (SFC, 9/7/01, p.A26)
1978        Louis A. Botto (1952-1997) founded the SF men’s chorus Chanticleer. The first performance was at the altar-stage at Mission Dolores.
    (SFC, 2/26/97, p.A16)(SFC, 5/19/97, p.D1)
1978        The 1st SF Carnaval started as a tiny event on lower Fillmore called Calypso Carnaval.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.E11)
1978        Sewer construction along the southern Embarcadero unearthed an old sailing ship. In 1980 it was identified as the Lydia, a whaling boat built in 1840 in Rochester, Mass.
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.F2)
1978        The Eagle Café, operated by Dan Andreotti (1921-2005), was moved to Pier 39. The bathroom tiles were redone by Algis Ratnikas.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.B7)(EW)
1978        Roland G. Schembari (d.2000 at 56), journalist, helped found the SF Bay Times. It was the 1st paper in the city to be jointly published by both gay men and lesbians. It folded after 3 issues. Schembari and Bill Hartman began the Coming Up publication in 1979, which was renamed SF Bay Times in 1988.
    (SFC, 2/24/00, p.A23)
1978        The National Park Service inherited the SF Maritime Park from the state of California.
    (SFC, 9/9/05, p.B3)
1978        An accountant (41) sued a waitress (31) at Vesuvio Cafe for failing to show up for a theater date. Judge Richard P. Figone (d.1998 at 63) ruled against him finding that "the promise to engage in a social relationship for one evening in exchange for affection and/or an evening at the theater is unenforceable under the law of contracts and torts.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A24)
1978        The "Metergate" scandal in SF charged 18 people with theft. Seven cases were dropped and the rest pleaded guilty or were convicted.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A19)
1978        San Francisco stopped the sale of cab permits. Permits were recycled upon the death of a holder and given out free to the next man on a list that by 1996 had a waiting period of about 14 years.
    (SFC, 10/28/96, p.A13)
1978        The SF Women’s Centers bought the Dovre Hall building on 18th St. between Valencia and Guererro, home of the Irish pub, the Dovre Club.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A11)
1978        The Little Puffer train at the SF Zoo was retired for a new gorilla exhibit.
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A20)   
1978        ABC News opened a SF Bureau. It was closed to cut costs in 1998.
    (SFC, 4/9/98, p.E1)
1978        Perry Mann held a nudist ball at his Tenderloin apartment in San Francisco as a fund-raiser for Louis Abolafia, who since 1968 had run as the candidate for the Cosmic Love Party. In 1979 it moved to California Hall as the Exotic Erotic Ball.
    (SFEM, 10/18/98, p.4)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.D5)(SFC, 10/22/04, p.B1)
1978        In San Francisco the Boas family opened their Honda dealership at the corner of Market and South Van Ness. In 2014 they sold the site to Crescent Heights, a Miami development firm, which planned a two tower complex for the site.
    (SFC, 5/7/14, p.E1)
1978        Noel Lee founded Monster Cable Products in San Francisco. In 2018 Monster was acquired by Atlantic Acquisition Corp., a so-called "blank check" company.
    (SFC, 6/1/18, p.C5)
1978        Henry Doelger (b.1898), SF and Daly City home builder, died on his boat in the Mediterranean. His 1st SF house is believed to be at 1419 39th Ave.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A20)
1978        Vincent Rovetti (d.1997 at 62), soccer and 49er player, set a Guinness Book of World Records mark for place kicking a football 1,035 times through the uprights at Candlestick in 2 hours and 30 min.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.C2)

1978        Colorado allowed the death penalty 2 years after the US Supreme Court ended a 40 year moratorium on capital punishment.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A7)

1978        Howard Stern (b.1954) landed his first morning show job in Hartford, Connecticut at WCCC-FM and WCCC-AM, whose progressive rock format promoted Howard's development as a "free form" personality.

1978        Judith Martin (b.1938), American journalist based in Washington, DC, began writing her “Miss Manners" column.
    (Econ, 12/19/15, p.38)

1978        Hawaii adopted a master plan for land use in the state.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.46)

1978        The Chicago Food Depository opened with its main mission to feed the hungry. In 1998 it began to offer chef training classes to help people get jobs.
    (WSJ, 11/28/06, p.A1)

1978        The 1,000-acre Kentucky Horse Park opened in Lexington, Kentucky.
    (WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentucky_Horse_Park)

1978        New Jersey legalized gambling and ended the Nevada monopoly on casino gaming.
    (SFEC, 5/10/98, DB p.64)

  1978        In Ohio Oscar Juarez, convicted of killing a Toledo man in 1975, escaped from prison by cutting through cell bars. On Nov 6, 2015, Juarez (66) was taken into custody in St. Paul, Minnesota.
    (SFC, 11/7/15, p.A5)

1978        Oregon re-instated the death penalty for the 3rd time.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)

1978        Lamar Alexander was elected governor of Tennessee.
    (WSJ, 2/15/96, p.A-16)

1978        Voters in Portland, Wa., approved a fluoridation plan. They had rejection similar plans twice before. The new plan was overturned in 1980 before fluoride was added. In 2013 voters again rejected fluoridation.
    (SFC, 5/23/13, p.A18)

1978        William Steiger, congressman from Wisconsin, led a drive to reduce the capital gains tax rate from nearly 50% to 28%. In 1999 this was credited by Brian S. Wesbury in "The New Era of Wealth" as one of the factors that contributed to the economic boom of the 1990s.
    (WSJ, 12/22/99, p.A16)

1978        Stokely Carmichael (1941-1998), American civil rights and black power advocate, changed his name to Kwame Ture in honor of Kwame Nkrumah and Ahmed Sekou Toure, 2 African socialist leaders in Guinea.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A7)

1978        The Hearst Corp. launched Country Living magazine.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1978        Volkswagen began building the Rabbit in New Stanton, Pa.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl.)

1978        The US steel industry peeked in 1978 at over 137 million tons. Steel production slipped to less than 90 million tons in 1991. As the steel industry buckled in the 1980s Pueblo, Colorado, began to diversify its economy.
    (WSJ, 3/25/98, p.B10)(http://tinyurl.com/2ntm9k)

1978        An investigation by the board of directors of Occidental Petroleum revealed that Armand Hammer had bribed government officials in 14 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
    (SFC, 1/17/97, p.D7)

1978        PepsiCo acquired the Taco Bell restaurant chain. Founder McKay sold his 10% interest to PepsiCo for an estimated $13 million.
    (WSJ, 1/24/97, p.B1)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A17)

1978        Toyoichi Tanaka (d.2000 at 54) blended fluid and polymer at MIT to create a gel that came to be part of a class of smart gels sensitive to changes in temperature, light, solvents or other stimuli.
    (SFC, 6/1/00, p.C20)

1978        Radial keratotomy, popularized by the Russian ophthalmologist S.N. Fyodorov, was introduced to the US.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R21)

1978        Dr. Fritz Klein (1933-2006), Austrian-born American researcher in bisexuality, published his Klein Grid, an expansion of the Kinsey Scale that measures human sexuality.
    (SFC, 6/1/06, p.B7)

1978        AT&T scientists conducted FCC-authorized cell-phone field trials in Chicago and Newark, NJ.
    (WSJ, 9/22/95, p.A-7)(www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/mobilephone.htm)

1978        A paper by Leonard Adleman, Ron Rivest, and Adi Shamir was published titled A Method for Obtaining Digital Signatures and Public-Key Cryptosystems. It is widely known today by the group's initials RSA.
    (Wired, 8/95, p.117)

1978        NASA scientist Donald J. Kessler proposed a theoretical scenario in which the density of objects in low Earth orbit (LEO) due to space pollution is high enough that collisions between objects could cause a cascade in which each collision generates space debris that increases the likelihood of further collisions. This came to known as the Kessler syndrome.

1978        Hewlett-Packard began development of the inkjet printer, which eventually became a commercials success.
    (SFC, 7/26/04, p.F4)

1978        Intel Corp. introduced the 8086 microprocessor. It was a 16-bit microprocessor with 29,000 transistors.
    (TAR, 1996, p.22)

1978        Kurt Godel (1906 -1978), Austrian mathematician, showed that within any logical system, no matter how rigidly structured, there are always questions that cannot be answered with certainty, contradictions that may be discovered, and errors that may lurk.

1978        Robert Miner of Oracle Corp. developed the world’s 1st relational database program using IBM’s Structured Query Language.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A13)

1978        Michael Stonebraker at UC Berkeley with a team of students developed the relational database. He based his work on a 1970 proposal by IBM researcher Edgar "Ted " Codd, who called for a database that could organize data in tables that were logically connected and easy to access.
    (SFC, 3/5/98, p.C3)

1978        The "Space Invaders" computer game became the first video game mega-hit and spurred sales of the Atari 2600.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.E1)

1978        Edwin Dickinson (b.1891), American painter, died in Wellfleet, Mass. His work included "The Cello Player" (1924-1926).
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.B1)

1978        Margarett Sargent (1892-1978), painter and socialite, died. Her granddaughter, Ms. Moore, wrote her biography: "The White Blackbird: The Life of the Painter Margarett Sargent." She had studied under Mount Rushmore’s sculptor, Gutzon Borglum. From 1916 to 1936 her work was included in as many as 30 shows.
    (WSJ, 3/25/96, p.A-15)(WSJ, 4/9/96, p.A-1)

1978        Norman Hammond co-authored “The Archeology of Afghanistan."
    (WSJ, 3/5/00, p.A22)
1978        In Afghanistan Kabul Mayor Ghulam Sakhi Noorzad began enacting a master plan for the city developed by top European engineers. He went into exile with the Soviet invasion, returned in 2001 and resumed work on the master plan.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)
1978        In Afghanistan fighting began between the government and a shifting array of rebel groups. Hafizullah Amin led socialist activists to overtake Kabul. They received aid from Moscow but not total backing. Mass arrests, tortures, and arrests took place.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(www.afghan-web.com/history/)

1978        Argentina won the soccer World Cup championship.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A12)

1978        Australia granted self-government to its Northwest Territory, an area that covers almost a fifth of the country.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.46)

1978        Belgian PM Leo Tindemans resigned after political turmoil over the "Egmont pact" covering relations between Belgium's French-speaking and Dutch-speaking communities.
    (Reuters, 12/26/14)

1978        Brazil’s Unified Black Movement, inspired by militant American outfits, was founded but failed to gain traction.
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.52)
1978        In Brazil the Jardim Gramacho landfill sprang up on unstable, ecologically sensitive marshland overlooking the bay of Rio de Janeiro and, for nearly 20 years, functioned with little or no oversight. In 1996 Rio authorities stepped in, ending child labor at the site, registering the catadores and restricting the kinds of trash the dump took in to just household waste from Rio and four outlying cities. The landfill closed in 2012 and was transformed into a vast facility to harness the greenhouse gases.
    (AP, 6/1/12)(SFC, 6/2/12, p.A2)

1978        The British TV series “All Creatures Great and Small," based on the 1972 book by James Herriot, began and continued to 1990.
    (SSFC, 8/6/17, p.C12)
1978        The Barnett Formula, devised by Joel Barnett, was introduced as mechanism used by The Treasury in the UK to adjust the amounts of public expenditure allocated to Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales automatically to reflect changes in spending levels allocated to public services in England, England and Wales or Great Britain, as appropriate.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barnett_formula)
1978        The world's last know case of smallpox was caused by a leak from a British laboratory.
    (Econ., 5/2/20, p.67)

1978        Canada implemented security certificates to detain and expel, without disclosing evidence, non-citizens suspected of terrorism. On October 22, 2007, the Conservative government introduced a bill to amend the security certificate process by introducing a "special advocate", lawyers who would be able to view the evidence against the accused.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_certificate)

1978        An estimated 15,000 Chinese advisors were present in Cambodia during Pol Pot's rule.
    (SFC, 5/10/99, p.A10)

1978        Control of the Cocos Islands was ceded to Australia by a descendent of the Clunies-Ross family, which settled the Indian Ocean coral atolls in 1827.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.84)

1978        The Beijing Film Academy reopened for the first time since it was closed during the Cultural Revolution. 4 years later 152 students graduated and were labeled as the “fifth generation" of film makers to emerge since the birth of Chinese cinema.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.81)
1978        In China Xinwen Lianbo (News Simulcast) began chronicling the country’s transformation. News was chosen for its political value in bolstering the Communist Party.
    (Econ, 2/6/15, p.42)
1978        The Karakoram Highway from Kashgar, China, to the edge of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, was completed.
    (NH, 5/96, p.9)
1978        Deng Xiaoping emerged as China’s paramount leader. In early 1979 he shut down the Democracy Wall protest and imprisoned its leaders. His political formula was "one country, two systems." Yang Shangkun also regained power after 12 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 2/20/97, p.A20)(SFC, 9/16/98, p.C4)
1978        In China Fang Yi (d.1997 at 81), a guerrilla leader of the Revolution under Mao, became a vice premier. He accompanied Deng on a tour of the US in 1979.
    (SFC, 10/20/97, p.A19)
1978        In China the Time of the Democracy Wall movement began. For 4 winter months citizens in Beijing plastered a 200-meter wall with posters calling for freedom and democracy. Dissident Ren Wanding was jailed from 1979 to 1983 for having advocated multiparty democracy. In 1996 Wanding was released after seven years in prison for his role in the 1989 Tiananmen Square demonstrations.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, C2)(http://tinyurl.com/2w88be)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.30)
1978        The Chinese Academy of Sciences set up the River Dolphin Research Group in Wuhan. The baiji, a white river dolphin, was declared a "rare and precious aquatic animal" the following year.
    (SFC, 3/23/98, p.a8)
1978        In China the 2000-year-old massive "bianzhong" bells were unearthed.
    (WSJ, 6/25/97, p.A20)
1978        In China the tomb of Zeng Hou Yi (c400 BCE) was discovered. Artifacts were later exhibited in the Hubei Provincial Museum.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.C9)
1978        China’s share of the global GDP was about 1.8%. In 2008 this grew to 6%.
    (Econ, 12/13/08, p.30)
1978        China began its The Green Wall tree planting project. By 2014 some 66 billion trees were planted as part of the Three North Shelterbelt project to hold back the expansion of the Gobi Desert.
    (Econ, 8/23/14, p.58)

1978        In Colombia Hector Jose Buitrago (32) founded a criminal band called the Buitraguenos. It later became the Self-Defense Forces of Casanare, or ACC, one of many right-wing factions that united under the paramilitary umbrella group known as the AUC.
    (AP, 4/8/10)

1978        In Costa Rica Rodrigo Carazo Odio (1927-2009) began serving as president and continued to 1982.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
1978        Cocos Island, some 330 miles west of Costa Rica, was made a Costa Rican national park along with 12 miles of seas surrounding it. In 1997 UNESCO named it a World Heritage Site.
    (SSFC, 12/1/13, p.H4)

1978        Abortion became legal in Croatia until the 10th week of pregnancy, under a law dating back to when the country was still part of the communist Yugoslavia.
    (AFP, 5/19/18)

1978        UNESCO named Ecuador’s 19 Galapagos Islands a World Heritage Site.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M6)(Econ, 8/28/10, p.49)

1978        UNESCO named Ethiopia’s Simien Mountains National Park a World Heritage Site.
    (SSFC, 5/24/15, p.L2)

1978        Fiji sent its first UN peacekeepers to Lebanon.
    (Econ, 1/23/16, p.35)

1978        French Pres. Valery Giscard d’Estaing (b.1926) created the centrist UDF party. He served as president from 1974 to 1981.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.51)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Val%C3%A9ry_Giscard_d'Estaing)
1978        Maurice Papon (1910-2007), French civil servant, began serving as the Budget Minister under PM Raymond Barre. He continued as Budget Minister until 1981, when evidence of his role in the Holocaust emerged.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Papon)

1978        Gerhard Wessel (1913-2002), head of the West German BND intelligence agency since 1968, retired. He was succeeded by Klaus Kinkel.
    (SFC, 8/3/02, p.A18)

1978        In Greece grave robbers at Aidonia dug into ancient tombs believed to be a 3,500-year-old palatial cemetery of the Mycenaeneans. The looters plundered 18 graves but left one undisturbed. Objects from the single pit provided archeologists evidence to match the objects of an attempted 1993 sale.
    (SFC, 8/13/96, p.B2)

1978        In Guatemala Fernando Romeo Lucas Garcia began serving as president and continued to 1982.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.15)

1978        In India Subrata Roy created Sahara India Pariwar, a financial conglomerate that came to include hotels, a Formula One team, and Macedonian dairy projects. In 2014 Tamal Bandyopadhyay authored “Sahara: The Untold Story."
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.65)

1978        In Indonesia the Istiqlal mosque was constructed in Jakarta, the largest in the Southern Hemisphere. It was able to host 120,000 people.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.T7)
1978        In Indonesia the government dismantled student councils and boosted study loads to curtail political activity.
    (SFC, 3/20/98, p.A12)
1978        In Indonesia B.J. Habibie was appointed technology minister by Pres. Suharto.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A14)

1978        Hedayat Eslaminia and his family fled Iran. He was a minister of the Shah and reportedly fled with a fortune. In Jul, 1984, he was kidnapped and slain by his son Reza in California.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D7)

1978        Yitzhak Navon (1921-2015) became Israel's fifth president and continued to 1983.
    (AP, 11/7/15)
1978        Israelis tranformed a campsite named Ariel into the first Jewish city in the occupied West Bank.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.60)

1978        Italian artist Luigi Serafini, after 30 months of work, completed his Codex Seraphinianus, an illustrated encyclopedia dealing with a parallel world and written in an unintelligible alphabet.
1978        In Italy the murders of 4 women were related to Maurizio Minghella (23). In 1982 he was convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the killings. In 1995 he was given partial liberty and prosecutors say he then killed 4 prostitutes. In 2002 his trial continued in Turin. In early 2003 he escaped and was soon captured and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 1/3/03)(http://tinyurl.com/2psh6t)
1978        In Italy Mediaset was founded by Silvio Berlusconi as TeleMilano. It grew to the largest commercial broadcaster in the country.

1978        In Japan priests of the Yasukuni shrine surreptitiously enshrined 14 political and military leaders who had been found guilty by the Tokyo War Crimes Trial of planning or prosecuting the military aggression of the 1930s and 1940s.
    (Econ, 8/15/15, p.33)
1978        Cryotherapy was introduced in Japan as a remedy for rheumatoid arthritis.
    (Econ, 3/25/17, p.24)

1978        Ghassan Tueni (1926-2012, Lebanon’s UN ambassador (1977-1982), pushed for the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 425, which called for the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Lebanon.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
1978        In Lebanon Tony Franjieh, a Maronite Christian chieftain, was killed with his wife, daughter and others by a rival Christian militia.
    (Reuters, 11/14/18)

1978        Macquarie Island, located half-way between New Zealand and Antarctica, became a Tasmanian State Reserve.

1978        Ibrahim Nasir Rannabandeyri Kilegefan (1926-2008) relinquished the position of the President of the Maldives Republic. He was accused of ruling the country as a dictator and fled amid public resentment and unproven allegations of corruption in handling public funds. For the first time in recorded Maldive history, the head of state of the Maldives ceased to be either a King-sultan (Queen-sultana) or a descendant of a King-sultan.
    (www.maldivesroyalfamily.com/maldives_commonwealth.shtml)(AP, 11/23/08)

1978        The Marshallese voted for independence from other districts of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.A24)(www.unicover.com/OPUBA565.HTM)

1978        A Mexico City utility worker found a stone slab that lay 15 feet below street level. He had discovered the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. The ruins appeared to be those of the capital's great pyramid, the Templo Mayor.

1978        Nigeria’s military ruler Olusegun Obasanjo opened the Ita Oko Island prison outside Lagos, which he later described as a work farm. Later military ruler Muhammadu Buhari turned the prison into a massive holding cell for political prisoners.
    (AP, 5/11/12)

1978        In the Philippines Tony Tan Caktiong formed Jollibee after realizing that customers in his Manila ice cream parlor liked his soy and sugar seasoned burgers better than his sundaes.

1978        Poland’s Wieliczka Salt Mine, founded in the 12th century, was placed on the original list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Commercial mining operations ended in 1996, but the mine continued to operate as a tourist attraction due to the underground cathedral left behind by generations of miners.

1978        Romania’s Gen. Ion Pacepa, a top ranking Securitate officer, defected to the United States. Pres. Ceausescu hired Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the Jackal, to assassinate Pacepa but he failed.
    (AP, 9/30/09)

1978        In Russia Alexander I. Ginzburg (1936-2002), poet, was sentenced to 8 years in prison for his dissident activities. He served 8 months and then was then exchanged with 4 others for 2 Soviet spies in the US.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A27)
1978        Russia’s Sayano-Shushinskaya hydroelectric plant in southern Siberia, the largest in the country, went into operation.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

1978        Sri Lanka adopted a system of proportional representation. Most seats in Parliament were for elected MPs, but about 13% were shared on the basis of the number of votes polled by political parties.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.47)

1978        Chevron discovered oil in Sudan and sank wells north of Bentiu.
    (www.hrw.org/reports/2003/sudan1103/10.htm)(SFC, 6/13/01, p.D3)(WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A4)

1978        In Turkey Abdullah Ocalan and some fellow Turkish university students founded the Kurdistan Worker’s Party, PKK. It was based on a Marxist, separatist platform that targeted Kurdish landlords as well as Turkish agents.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A11)(SFC, 1/6/99, p.A7)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.100)

1978        The UN Security Council passed a resolution that demanded an unconditional Israeli withdrawal from south Lebanon after a brief Israeli invasion.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-14)

1978        Gen. Van Tien Dung published "Our Great Spring Victory." He described how the loss of political will in Washington helped shape Hanoi's decisions.
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)
1978        The Vietnamese government loosened its policy on bourgeois dance after officials visiting Cuba witnessed dancers doing the Cha Cha.
    (WSJ, 4/29/99, p.A24)
1978        Many Chinese "boat people" who had left Vietnam or been forcibly expelled died after drifting for weeks at sea.
    (TL, 1988, p.119)

1978        In Zaire another coup attempt was begun in the Shaba province. American and other foreign support helped Mobutu maintain control.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A14)
1978        In Zaire (later Congo) there was a separatist uprising in the southern Katanga province and at least 140 foreigners were massacred at the Kolwezi copper mine. Hundreds of Katangans also died.
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A1)

1978-1979    The US FBI conducted a sting operation using phony Arab sheikhs, a yacht in Florida and suitcases of money to snare a senator, six congressman and other public officials for influence peddling. The FBI hired convicted swindler Mel Weinberg (1924-2018) to orchestrate the operation. This led to the 2013 film "American Hustle" based on 1981 biography of Weinberg by Robert W. Greene.
    (SFC, 6/8/18, p.D2)
1978-1979    Time of the Democracy Wall movement. Ren Wanding was jailed from 1979 to 1983 for having advocated multiparty democracy. For 4 months citizens in Beijing had plastered a 200-meter wall with posters calling for freedom and democracy.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, C2)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.30)
1978-1979    Three of the largest holding companies in Colombia bought stock from each other in order to protect themselves from hostile takeovers. The newly formed Antioquean Syndicate was composed of: Suramericana de Seguros, Nacional de Chocolates, and Cementos Argos.
    (WSJ, 1/16/97, p.A12)
1978-1979    Some 300,000 refugees fled Vietnam to China as the two countries engaged in a bloody border war.
    (Econ, 10/10/15, p.45)

1978-1983    Hundreds of residents from central Guatemala fled to the region north of Chajul and declared themselves neutral to the war. They organized themselves into the Communities of People in Resistance (CPR) and secretly cultivated their lands. They did not come out of hiding until 1998.
    (SFC, 9/8/97, p.A8)(www.refugeesinternational.org/content/article/detail/6344/)

1978-1984    The Cars released five albums during this period and each sold more than a million copies in the US alone. the group broke up in the late 1980s.
    (SFC, 9/16/19, p.A5)
1978-1984    The Czech "Asanace" (Sanitation) program focused on some 50 dissidents, signatories of the Charter 77 human rights manifesto. It resorted to threats and harsh interrogations to intimidate them and force them to leave the country. In 2001 Czech Interior Minister Jaromir Obzina (d.2003) was charged with abuse of power for his role in the operation.
    (AP, 1/29/03)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1816619.stm)

1978-1994    In 2006 research on fish trawls from this period revealed that 5 deep sea species had plummeted by 87%-98% and that average size of fish had declined in one case by as much as 57%.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.72)

1978-1996    Over 200,000 sq. miles, 12.5%, of the Amazon rain forest was destroyed.
    (SFC, 1/27/98, p.A10)
1978-1996    The Caspian Sea rose 8 feet due to what experts believed was an upward thrust of the Earth’s crust beneath the inland sea. Flooding had resulted over an area of 1.5 mil acres that includes 200 oil wells in the western region.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-15)

1978-2002    The Indonesian military systematically forced dozens of East Timorese women to become sex slaves for officers during its 24-year occupation of the half-island.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

1978-2008    India over this period exchanged 949 Pakistani fishermen in exchange for 2,304 Indian fishermen, which each side had apprehended for wandering into their respective waters in the disputed Sir Creek area. In early 2009 trade unions said India still held 357 Pakistani fishermen and that Pakistan held 48 Indian fishermen.
    (WSJ, 1/13/08, p.A10)

1978-2016    Since China opened up in 1978 some 10 million Chinese have moved abroad.
    (Econ, 7/9/16, SR p.13)

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