Timeline 1966

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1966        Jan 1, Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reached #1.
    (MC, 1/1/02)
1966        Jan 1, A 12 day transit worker strike shut down NYC subway and buses. The strike became a major rallying point behind the Taylor Law, which severely curtailed the ability of public employees in the state to strike and took effect on Sep 1, 1967.
    (SSFC, 10/20/13, p.E2)
1966        Jan 1, By law all US cigarette packs began carrying the warning: "Caution! Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health."
1966        Jan 1, The 173rd Airborne Brigade became the first American unit in the Mekong Delta of South Vietnam.
    (AH, 2/06, p.14)

1966        Jan 2, The 1st Jewish child was born in Spain since the 1492 expulsion.
    (MC, 1/2/02)

1966         Jan 3, Cambodia warned the UN of retaliation unless the U.S. and South Vietnam end intrusions.
    (HN, 1/3/99)

1966        Jan 4, A US State Dept. security official wrote a memo describing how a safe house was set up in the Guatemalan presidential palace for use by Guatemalan security agents and their US contacts.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)
1966        Jan 4, Ronald Reagan announced his candidacy for California Governor.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Jan 9, Ronald Reagan appeared on Meet the Press and was asked why he had not disavowed the John Birch Society. Reagan said a committee had looked into the group and found “nothing of a subversive nature." In 1960 an informer reported to the FBI that Reagan was a Beverly Hills chapter member.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Jan 10, Julian Bond was denied a seat in Georgia legislature for opposing Vietnam War.
    (MC, 1/10/02)
1966        Jan 10, In Mississippi Vernon Dahmer, a revered civil rights leader, was killed in a firebombing. In 1998 Klansmen Sam Bowers (1924-2006), Deavours Nix (72) and Charles Noble (55) were arrested for the murder. 8 men in 2 cars loaded with shotguns and 12 gallons of gasoline attacked Dahmer’s home. Billy Roy Pitts participated and later testified how Bowers had called meetings and presided over the planning of the bombing. Bowers was convicted in his 5th trial and sentenced to life in prison where he died.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A5)(SFC, 8/17/98, p.A5)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/24/98, p.A1)
1966        Jan 10, The Tashkent Agreement, was signed in the Soviet city of Tashkent, and officially ended a 17-day war between Pakistan and India. It required that both sides withdraw by February 26, 1966, to positions held prior to August 5, 1965, and observe the cease-fire line agreed to on June 30, 1965. The agreement was brokered by Soviet premier Aleksey Kosygin and signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistan President Ayub Khan. The Indian prime minister died the day after signing the agreement.
    (HNQ, 4/26/99)(www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1900s/yr65/fkashmir1965)

1966        Jan 11, In Brazil 550 died in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain.
    (MC, 1/11/02)
1966        Jan 11, Albert Giacometti (64), Swiss-French painter and sculptor, died in Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Giacometti)
1966        Jan 11, India’s PM Lal Bahadur Shastri, the successor of Nehru and engineer of the Green Revolution, died.
    (WSJ, 3/19/00, p.A19)

1966        Jan 12, "Batman" with Adam West & Burt Ward premiered on ABC TV and continued to 1968. Frank Gorshin (1933-2005) played the Riddler. In 1967 Yvonne Craig (1937-2015) joined the show as Batgirl and alter ego Barbara Gordon.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batman_%28TV_series%29)(SFC, 5/19/05, p.B7)(SFC, 8/20/15, p.D4)
1966        Jan 12, President Johnson said in his State of the Union address that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there was ended.
    (AP, 1/12/98)
1966        Jan 12, A 12 day NYC transit strike ended.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1966        Jan 13, Robert C. Weaver became the first black Cabinet member as he was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Johnson.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1966        Jan 15, Nigeria’s PM Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (b.1912) was assassinated in the country's 1st military coup.

1966        Jan 17, Martin Luther King Jr. opened a campaign in Chicago.
    (MC, 1/17/02)
1966        Jan 17, A US Air Force B-52 carrying four unarmed hydrogen bombs crashed on the Spanish coast. Three of the bombs were quickly recovered, but the fourth wasn't found until April. Two US Air Force jets collided in the skies over Spanish coastal village of Palomares. The mid-air crash of the B-52 bomber and a KC-135 refueling plane killed 8 crew members.
    (AP, 1/17/06)(www.commondreams.org/views01/0803-08.htm)

1966        Jan 18, Robert Clifton Weaver (1907-1997), the 1st African-American to hold a post in the presidential cabinet, was sworn in as head of the newly created Department of Housing and Urban Development under Pres. Johnson.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1966        Jan 19, Neil Simon's, Coleman's & Fields' musical "Sweet Charity," premiered.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1966        Jan 19, Indira Gandhi, Nehru’s daughter, was elected the 3rd prime minister of India.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 1/19/98)(MC, 1/19/02)

1966        Jan 20, The Merry Prankster organized the Trips Festival at the SF Longshoremen’s Hall. It became 3 days of drug-infused music and partying.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W28)

1966        Jan 24, The Kangchenjunga, a Boeing 707 flying from Mumbai (Bombay) to New York, crashed on the southwest face of Mont Blanc, France, as it descended towards a scheduled stopover in Geneva, Switzerland. All 117 people on board died.
    (AFP, 8/29/12)

1966        Jan 29, "Sweet Charity" opened on Broadway for 608 performances. Cy Coleman composed the music.
    (www.prigsbee.com/Musicals/shows/sweetcharity.htm)(SFC, 11/20/04, p.B6)
1966        Jan 29, A snow storm in north east US killed 165.
    (MC, 1/29/02)

1966        Jan 31, U.S. planes resumed bombing of North Vietnam after a 37-day pause.
    (HN, 1/31/99)
1966        Jan 31, The Soviets launched Luna 9, the first spacecraft to land softly on the moon.
    (HC, 2003, p.64)

1966        Jan, In Nigeria Emeka Ojukwu (1933-2011) came to power as governor of the predominantly-Ibo Eastern Region.
    (Econ, 12/3/11, p.114)

1966        Feb 1, US pilot Dieter Dengler (1939-2001) was shot down in his A-1 Skyraider over Laos. He managed to organize 6 American and Thai prisoners and escaped his captors in July. In 2007 a German documentary by Werner Herzog, “Little Dieter Needs To Fly," was expanded into a full film. In 2010 Bruce Henderson authored “Hero Found: The Greatest POW Escape of the Vietnam War."
    (SFC, 7/30/10, p.F2)
1966        Feb 1, Nicholas Piantanida, set a balloon flight record & died during the descent.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1966        Feb 3, The Soviet probe Luna 9 became the first manmade object to make a soft landing on the moon.
    (AP, 2/3/08)

1966        Feb 4, Gilbert H. Grosvenor (90), president National Geographic Society, died.
(MC, 2/4/02)

1966        Feb 8, In Malaysia the Tugu Negara (national monument) was completed and officially opened by the Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah, the head of state. The sculpture was designed by Austria-born American sculptor Felix de Weldon (1907-2003). It was proclaimed a memorial park dedicated to the 11,000 people who died during the 12-year Malayan Emergency (1948-1960). Thereafter, a wreath-laying ceremony takes place at the monument every July 31 on Warriors Day.

1966        Feb 9, Sophie Tucker (79), Russian-US singer, actress (My Yiddish Mama), died.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1966        Feb 10, Protester David Miller was convicted of burning his draft card.
    (HN, 2/10/97)

1966        Feb 12, The South Vietnamese won two big battles in the Mekong Delta. In Vietnam's Mekong Delta, Navy SEALs were the military's eyes and ears, providing vital intelligence on enemy operations.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1966        Feb 16, The World Council of Churches being held in Geneva, urged immediate peace in Vietnam. Vietnam was the war that five presidents "owned"--and yet no president "owned."
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1966        Feb 17, Alfred P. Sloan Jr. (b.1875) former president GM (1923-1956), died. As president of GM he brought in corporate management, introduced the ideas of model changes and offering a car "for every purse and purpose." In 2002 David Farber authored "Sloan Rules."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1966        Feb 19, Robert F. Kennedy suggested the U.S. offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1966        Feb 20, Chester W. Nimitz (80), US admiral (WW II), died at home on Yerba Buena Island (Treasure Island) in SF Bay.
    (MC, 2/20/02)(Ind, 11/9/02, 5A)

1966        Feb 24, A military coup overthrew Ghana’s Pres. Kwame Nkrumah. He fled to Guinea.

1966        Feb 26, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (b.1883), Indian lawyer and  pro-independence activist, died after renouncing medicine food and water on Feb 1 in a fast until death.

1966        Feb, The US stock market began a 9 month decline of 25%.
    (SFC, 10/17/97, p.B2)

1966        Feb, In Syria the Alawis took power and presented themselves as standard Muslims. Hafez Assad, a member of the Alawite clan, was rewarded for his role and appointment as Defense Minister. Nearly 80% of Syrians are Sunnis.
    (WSJ, 1/9/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 6/12/00, p.A30)

1966        Mar 1, Moscow reported that a space probe had crashed on Venus. Venera 3 became the 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus).
    (HN, 3/1/98)(SC, 3/1/02)
1966        Mar 1, The Baath-party took power in Syria. Among the fighters who had a part in toppling Amin Hafez was Hafez Assad, who became president four years later and ruled Syria with an iron fist for three decades.
    (SC, 3/1/02)(AP, 12/18/09)

1966        Mar 2, Milton Obote stage a coup against Pres. Edward Mutesa (d.1969) and had himself declared president of Uganda. Mutesa, the Baganda king and non-executive president of Uganda, was burned out of his palace and exiled. Mutesa fled Obote’s army and went to London where his son, Ronald Muwenda Mutebi was enrolled in boarding school.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Obote)(WSJ, 12/19/94, A-1,6)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.58)
1966        Mar 2, There were some 215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam. Gen. Westmoreland called for 325,000 by July and 410,000 by December.
    (SC, 3/2/02)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.88)

1966        Mar 3, James Goldman's "Lion in Winter" premiered in NYC.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1966        Mar 3, Rock group Buffalo Springfield formed with Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1966        Mar 3, "Lightnin' Lou" Christie was striking gold this day for his hit "Lightnin' Strikes". Christie was born Lugee Sacco and joined a group called The Classics before making his first recording in 1960. In 1961, he recorded under the name Lugee & The Lions until changing to Lou Christie for a string of hits beginning in 1963. Other notable tunes from Christie's Top 40 appearances include: "The Gypsy Cried", "Two Faces Have I", "Rhapsody in the Rain" and "I'm Gonna Make You Mine" – all displaying his trademark falsetto voice, similar to that of Frankie Valli of The Four Seasons. "Lightnin' Strikes" was Christie's only million seller.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1966        Mar 3, An F5 tornado hit Jackson, Miss. 57 people were killed and nearly 1000 homes destroyed. Damages were estimated at $18 million.
    (SFC, 3/3/09, p.D6)

1966        Mar 4, John Lennon said: "We (Beatles) are more popular than Jesus." Radio stations in the Netherlands and in Spain quickly banned the playing of Beatle records as did the South African Broadcasting Corporation, stating that "The Beatles' arrogance has passed the ultimate limit of decency. It is clowning no longer."
1966        Mar 4, North Sea Gas was 1st pumped ashore by BP.
    (SC, 3/4/02)
1966        Mar 4, Canadian Pacific airliner exploded on landing in Tokyo and 64 died.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1966        Mar 5, 75 MPH air currents caused a BOAC 707 to crash into Mount Fuji and 124 died.
    (MC, 3/5/02)
1966        Mar 5, Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, died in Leningrad. She was born in 1889 as Anna Gorenko near Odessa, Ukraine. In 2005 Elaine Feinstein authored “Anna of All the Russias: A Life of Anna Akhmatova.
    (www.poetryconnection.net/poets/Anna_Akhmatova)(SSFC, 4/2/06, p.M3)

1966        Mar 6, In Guatemala security forces arrested 32 people suspected of aiding Marxist guerrillas. They all disappeared. A later CIA cable identified 3 of the missing as terrorists executed by Guatemalan authorities on Mar 6.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)

1966        Mar 7, Charles de Gaulle said he would pull France out of NATO's integrated military command. French military personnel stepped down from their positions in NATO on July 1.

1966        Mar 8, "Golden Boy" closed at Majestic Theater in NYC after 569 performances.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1966        Mar 8, Australia announced that it would triple the number of troops in Vietnam.
    (HN, 3/8/98)
1966        Mar 8, An IRA bomb destroyed Nelson’s Column in Dublin. Work on the column had begun in 1808 and it was completed in 1809.

1966        Mar 9, In Vietnam Bennie Adkins (32) was among a handful of Americans working with troops of the South Vietnamese Civilian Irregular Defense Group at Camp A Shau when the camp was attacked by a large North Vietnamese and Viet Cong force. In 2014 Adkins was awarded the Medal of Honor for as many as 175 enemy troops killed, 18 wounds from enemy fire, 38 hours of battle, 48 hours evading the North Vietnamese troops in the bush.
    (http://tinyurl.com/myqsyue)(SFC, 9/16/14, p.A7)

1966        Mar 10, The North Vietnamese captured a Green Beret camp at Ashau Valley.
    (HN, 3/10/98)
1966        Mar 10, Kelso, 5 time Horse of the Year, retired.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1966        Mar 11, Three men were convicted of the murder of Malcolm X.
    (HN, 3/11/98)
1966        Mar 11, The San Francisco Planning Commission approved construction of a 981-foot television tower on Mt. Sutro. The American Broadcasting Company owned the 5.23- acre site.
    (SSFC, 3/6/16, DB p.50)
1966        Mar 11, In Indonesia army generals held guns to the head of Pres. Sukarno and forced him to sign a document transferring power to Gen. Suharto.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)

1966        Mar 15, Abe Saperstein, founder of the Harlem Globetrotters, died.
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1966        Mar 16, Col. Paul Underwood flew a bombing mission over Lai Chau Province in Vietnam and crashed after releasing bombs from his F-105 Thunderchief. His remains were returned to the US in 1998.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)
1966        Mar 16, Alfred Rascon, a US Army medic in South Vietnam, saved the lives of a number of his platoon members using his own wounded body to cover wounded men while treating their wounds under fire. He received the Medal of Honor in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/9/00, p.A2)
1966        Mar 16-1966 Mar 17, US astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott performed the first orbital docking.
    (NPub, 2002, p.20)

1966        Mar 17, A U.S. midget submarine located a missing hydrogen bomb which had fallen from an American bomber into the Mediterranean off Spain.
    (AP, 3/17/97)(HN, 3/17/98)

1966        Mar 18, Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (1890-1966), died. "Having only friends would be dull anyway -- like eating eggs without salt."
    (AP, 3/18/97)

1966        Mar 19, Texas Western College under coach Don Haskins won the NCAA basketball tournament becoming the 1st team to win with an all African American team. In 2006 the film “Glory Road" depicted the story of the winning team.
    (SFC, 1/24/06, p.B1)

1966        Mar 21, Supreme Court reversed Massachusetts ruling that Fanny Hill" is obscene.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1966        Mar 23, The 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic and Anglican Church.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1966        Mar 24, Selective Service announced college deferments based on performance.
    (MC, 3/24/02)

1966        Mar 27, Anti-Vietnam war demonstrations took place in US, Europe and Australia.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1966        Mar 28, Navy corpsman Robert R. Ingram was shot while with his platoon of marines on a ridge in Quang Ngai province, South Vietnam. He continued providing medical attention to his comrades with multiple wounds to himself. He was awarded a belated Medal of Honor in 1998 due to lost paperwork.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A3)

1966        Mar 29, Leonid Brezhnev became First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. He denounced the American policy in Vietnam and called it one of aggression.
    (HN, 3/29/98)

1966        Mar 30, President Johnson asked Congress for authority to ship to India 3.5 million tons of bread grains, 200,000 tons of corn, 150 million pounds of vegetable oils, and 125 million pounds of milk powder.

1966        Mar 31, An estimated 200,000 anti-war demonstrators marched in New York City. 25,000 anti war demonstrators marched in NYC.
    (HN, 3/31/98)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(MC, 3/31/02)
1966        Mar 31, Labour Party won British parliamentary election.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1966        Apr 2, Cecil Scott Forester (66), English author (Horatio Hornblower), died.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1966        Apr 3, Three-thousand South Vietnamese Army troops led a protest against the Ky regime in Saigon.
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1966        Apr 6, Emmett Ashford became the first African-American major league umpire. The highly regarded umpire was known for his dynamic and distinctive style of calling balls and strikes.
    (HN, 4/12/99)(HNQ, 4/15/00)(http://netscape.net/picassoaustin/homepage)

1966        Apr 7, The United States recovered the hydrogen bomb it had lost off the coast of Spain.
    (AP, 4/7/97)

1966        Apr 8, The AFL chose 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1966        Apr 8, The cover of Time magazine asked “Is God Dead?" An article inside examined the changing view of the Judeo-Christian god.
    (SFC, 7/31/08, p.B5)(www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19660408,00.html)
1966        Apr 8, Leonid Brezhnev was elected secretary-general of communist party. [see Mar 29]
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1966        Apr 9, The statue of Winston Churchill was dedicated at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C.
    (HN, 4/9/99)

1966        Apr 10, Evelyn Waugh (b.1903), British writer, satirist (Brideshead Revisited), died. He also wrote “The Loved Ones," a satire on California burial customs and “Vile Bodies." His correspondence with Nancy Mitford, novelist of manners, was edited by Charlotte Mosley and published in 1997. In 2007 Alexander Waugh, grandson of Evelyn Waugh, authored “Fathers and Sons," his biography of the Waugh family.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A18)(SFC, 9/11/04, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.P6)

1966        Apr 12, Emmett Ashford became the first African-American major league umpire. [see Apr 6]
    (HN, 4/12/99)
1966        Apr 12, Jan Berry (1942-2004) of the "Jan and Dean" duo was involved in a car crash that left him in a month-long coma. Their hit songs from 1960-1966 included: "Little Old lady from Pasadena," "Deadman’s Curve," and "Surf City."
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.63)(SSFC, 3/28/04, p.B5)
1966        Apr 12, 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam took place.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1966        Apr 13, Pan Am placed a $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s. The 747 jumbo jet revolutionized mass air transportation.
    (MC, 4/13/02)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1966        Apr 15, A US embassy communication to the Department of State about the number of deaths in Indonesia said: "We frankly do not know whether the real figure is closer to 100,000 or 1,000,000 but believe it wiser to err on the side of the lower estimates, especially when questioned by the press."
    (AP, 4/18/16)

1966        Apr 16, Rhodesian PM Ian Smith broke diplomatic relations with Britain.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1966        Apr 19, Lt. Lee Aaron Adams of Willits, Ca., was killed when his F-105D Thunderchief fighter plane was shot down in North Vietnam. His remains were returned home in 2005. During 1966 the US Air Force lost 126 Thunderchiefs.
    (SFC, 6/2/05, p.A1)

1966        Apr 21, Pfc. Milton Lee Oliver was awarded the Medal of Honor, posthumously, for bravery during the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 4/21/00)
1966        Apr 21, Emperor Haile Selassie (Ethiopia) visited Kingston, Jamaica.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1966        Apr 23, President Lyndon Johnson publicly appeals for "more flags" (foreign countries) to come to the aid of South Vietnam.
    (HN, 4/23/00)

1966        Apr, The Grateful Dead returned to Northern California from Los Angeles. They established a ranch in Novato and moved into a Victorian at 710 Haight St.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W28)
1966        Apr, Mary Wells Lawrence founded the ad agency Wells Rich Greene. In 2002 she authored “A Big Life (In Advertising)."
    (WSJ, 5/17/02, p.W10)
1966        Apr, US Rubber changed its name to Uniroyal Inc.   
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)
1966        Apr, Robert G. Ferry (1934-2009, helicopter test pilot, flew solo 2,213 miles nonstop from Culver City, Ca., to Ormond Beach, Fl., in 15 hours and 8 minutes setting a world record.
    (SFC, 2/11/09, p.B7)
1966        Apr, The first issue of American History Illustrated was published by founder Robert Fowler (d.2003 at 76). The magazine was later renamed American History.
    (AH, 2/03, p.2)

1966        May 1, Last British concert by Beatles was at Empire Pool in Wembley.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1966        May 7, In Northern Ireland a group of loyalists led by Gusty Spence (1933-2011) petrol bombed a Catholic-owned pub on Shankill Road, Belfast. Fire also engulfed the house next door, killing the elderly Protestant widow who lived there.

1966        May 13,  Rolling Stones released "Paint it Black."
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1966        May 13, Federal education funding was denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1966        May 14, Stokely Carmichael was elected chairman of SNCC. Civil rights leader and one-time chairman of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Stokely Carmichael is credited with popularizing the slogan "Black Power" during a march led by James Meridith. The "Black Power" slogan was endorsed by the Congress of Racial Equality but rejected by the NAACP Convention in 1966.
    (HNQ, 5/30/98)
1966         May 14, Ludwig Meidner (b.1884), German expressionist artist, died.

1966        May 15, South Vietnamese army battled Buddhists and about 80 died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1966        May 16, Columbia Records released Bob Dylan’s album "Blonde on Blonde."
1966        May 16, Stokely Carmichael was named chairman of Student Nonviolent Coordinating.
    (MC, 5/16/02)
1966        May 16, Mao exploited his cult status as Communist China's "red, red sun" and urged young Chinese to revolt against traditional culture and leaders. The country descended into the ideological frenzy of the Cultural Revolution. Teenagers armed with red booklets of Mao's speeches battled one another and dispatched millions to the countryside. Many "capitalist roaders" were hounded to death. The Cultural Revolution was a radical upheaval of Chinese society initiated by Chinese leader Mao Zedong. Mao, fearing his influence fading, chose to promote the movement, which amounted to anarchy and terror erupting in China’s urban centers. In doing so, he circumvented his designated successors with individuals committed to his vision, including the Gang of Four.
    (WSJ 12/10/93)(HNQ, 6/6/01)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.43)

1966        May 17, A North Vietnamese interview with US Adm. Jeremiah Denton (1924-2014) was broadcast on US TV. He had been shot down over North Vietnam in 1965. Denton used his eyes to blink out T-O-R-T-U-R-E in Morse code. This was the first confirmation that American POWs were being tortured.
    (SFC, 3/29/14, p.C6)

1966        May 18, Paul Althaus (78), German theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1966        May 19, A tortoise, reportedly given to Tonga's King by Capt. Cook in 1773), died.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1966        May 21, The new $114 million Stanford Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford Univ., Ca., began smashing atoms.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.A5)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.B7)
1966        May 21, In Northern Ireland a group calling itself the "Ulster Volunteer Force" issued the following statement: “From this day, we declare war against the Irish Republican Army and its splinter groups. Known IRA men will be executed mercilessly and without hesitation. Less extreme measures will be taken against anyone sheltering or helping them, but if they persist in giving them aid, then more extreme methods will be adopted... we solemnly warn the authorities to make no more speeches of appeasement. We are heavily armed Protestants dedicated to this cause."

1966        May 24, The Broadway musical "Mame" opened with Angel Lansbury and Bea Arthur at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 1508 performances. It was directed by Gene Saks and was based on the novel "Auntie Mame" by Patrick Dennis.
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.18)(SSFC, 12/24/00, Par p.10)(SSFC, 4/26/09, p.B6)

1966        May 25, Peru and Argentina soccer fans fought in Lima and 248 died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1966        May 26, A Buddhist monk set himself on fire at US consulate in Hu, South-Vietnam.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1966        May 27, In Northern Ireland 4 Ulster Volunteer Force men were sent to kill an IRA volunteer, Leo Martin, who lived on Falls Road. Unable to find their target, the men drove around in search of a Catholic. They shot dead John Scullion, a civilian, as he walked home.
1966        May 27, 6 French fighters crashed above Spain.
    (MC, 5/27/02)

1966        May, The US launched 2 sorties of U-2 spy planes off the USS Ranger to monitor the French nuclear test site at Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific. These were the only aircraft-carrier-based launches of the U-2 spy planes. The information was made public in 2006.
    (AP, 3/21/06)

1966        Jun 1, George Harrison is impressed by Ravi Shankar's concert in London.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1966         Jun 1, 2,400 persons attended the White House Conference on Civil Rights.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1966        Jun 2, The U.S. space probe Surveyor 1 landed on the moon in Oceanus Procellarum and began transmitting detailed photographs of the lunar surface.
    (AP, 6/2/97)(SC, 6/2/02)

1966        Jun 6, Robert F. Kennedy visited South Africa and spoke at the University of Cape Town. He talked about a "ripple of hope" from every small act against injustice.
    (www.rfksafilm.org/html/speeches/unicape.php)(AP, 5/31/16)
1966        Jun 6, Claus Von Bulow & Martha (Sunny) Crawford were wed.
    (MC, 6/6/02)
1966        Jun 6, NFL & AFL announced their merger.
    (MC, 6/6/02)
1966        Jun 6, Stokely Carmichael launched the "Black Power" movement.
    (MC, 6/6/02)
1966        Jun 6, Black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he  walked solo along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.
    (AP, 6//97)(HN, 6/6/98)

1966        Jun 8, A merger was announced between the National and American Football Leagues, to take effect in 1970.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
1966        Jun 8, Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempted to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but was unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack.
    (HN, 6/8/99)
1966        Jun 8, A tornado hit Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and destroying 820 homes.
    (SFC, 6/8/09, p.D8)

1966        Jun 10, Mamas & Papas won a gold record for "Monday, Monday."
    (MC, 6/10/02)

1966            Jun 11, The musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" closed at the Mark Hellinger in NYC after 280 performances. It had opened on October 17, 1965.
1966        Jun 11, Wallace Ford (68), actor (The Deputy), died.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1966        Jun 12, Hermann Scherchen (74), German conductor, music publisher, died.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1966        Jun 13, The Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda vs. Arizona decision, ruling that criminal suspects must be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police. The conviction of Ernesto Miranda for rape and kidnapping was overturned because his confession was not voluntarily given.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(SFC, 9/12/02, p.A26)

1966        Jun 16, "Rowan & Martin Show," debuted on NBC-TV.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1966        Jun 16, In the 20th Tony Awards: Marat/Sade and Man of La Mancha won.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1966        Jun 18, Samuel Nabrit became the first African American to serve on the Atomic Energy Commission.
    (HN, 6/18/98)

1966        Jun 19, French archeologist Pierre Montet (b.1885), renowned for his excavations at Tanis, Egypt, died in Paris. In 1958 he published an account of his discoveries titled “La Necropole Royale de Tanis."
    (Arch, 5/05, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Montet)

1966        Jun 21, Reg Calvert (b.1938), a pirate-radio operator, was shot and killed by Oliver Smedley, an ex-army man and commercial rival. In 2010 Adrian Johns authored “Death of a Pirate: British Radio and the Making of the Information Age."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginald_Calvert)(Econ, 11/20/10, p.97)

1966        Jun 22, The film "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opened. It starred George Segal, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor as a downtrodden professor and his drunken wife and was directed by Mike Nichols. Ernest Lehman was the screenwriter.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0061184/)(SFEC, 3/23/97, DB p.54)(SFC, 7/30/97, p.E3)(SFC, 11/21/14, p.E1)

1966        Jun 23, Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas.
    (HN, 6/23/98)

1966        Jun 24, The period of relative peace following WW II exceeded that following WW I.
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1966        Jun 24, A Bombay to NY Air India flight crashed into Mont Blanc (Switz) and 117 died.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1966        Jun 26, In San Francisco a fire broke out and destroyed the remainder of the Sutro Baths. Arson was suspected. The baths had been sold to land developers and were under demolition with plans for high-rise apartments. The ruins became part of the Park Service in 1980.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.7)(SFC, 4/14/99, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 6/26/16, DB p.50)
1966        Jun 26, The pro-British Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), killed a Catholic civilian. Gusty Spence (1933-2011), one of the UVF founders, was charged with the murder, but the charges were dropped. The UVF had "declared war" on the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which wanted Northern Ireland to sever its connection to Britain and unite with the Republic of Ireland.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Volunteer_Force)

1966        Jun 27, The 1st sci-fi soap opera, "Dark Shadows," premiered.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1966        Jun 28, In Argentina a military uprising led by General Juan Carlos Ongania overthrew President Arturo Illia of the UCRP.

1966        Jun 29, The U.S. Air Force bombed fuel storage facilities near Hanoi and Haiphong, North Vietnam. Republic Aircraft's F-105 Thunderchief, better known as the 'Thud,' was the Air Force's warhorse in Vietnam.
    (HN, 6/29/98)(AP, 6/29/97)

1966        Jun 30, Betty Friedan (1921-2006) and 27 other women and men founded the National Organization for Woman and served as its 1st president (1966-1970). Catherine S. East (1916-1996) persuaded Betty Friedan to found NOW.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)(Econ, 2/11/06, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betty_Friedan)

1966        Jun, Allen and Beatrix Gardner of the Univ. of Nevada began teaching sign language to a 10-month-old female chimpanzee named Washoe (d.2007).
    (www.friendsofwashoe.org/timeline_project_begins.shtml)(SFC, 11/1/07, p.A2)
1966        Jun, In China radicals hounded Peng Zhen from office as mayor of Beijing under charges that he had transformed Beijing into a personal empire in opposition to Mao’s policies.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.B8)

1966        Jul 1, The US Medicare federal insurance program went into effect.
    (AP, 7/1/97)
1966        Jul 1, The U.S. Marines launched Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/1/98)

1966        Jul 4, President Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act, which went into effect the following year.
    (AP, 7/4/97)
1966        Jul 4, Beatles were attacked in Philippines after insulting Imelda Marcos.

1966        Jul 5, National Guard was mobilized in Omaha after a 3rd night of rioting.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1966        Jul 7, The U.S. Marine Corps launched Operation Hasting to drive the North Vietnamese Army back across the Demilitarized Zone in Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/7/98)

1966        Jul 8, A US airline strike began and lasted until Aug 19th.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1966        Jul 11, Debbie Dunning (actress: Home Improvement), was born.
    (MC, 7/11/02)
1966        Jul 11, "I Am A Rock" by Simon & Garfunkel peaked at #3.
    (MC, 7/11/02)

1966        Jul 12, The TV sitcom "Family Feud"  premiered on ABC, and ran as part of its daytime schedule until June 14, 1985. The game show, created by Mark Goodson, had two families compete to name the most popular responses to survey questions in order to win cash and prizes. From 1990 to 1995 a syndicated version was directed by Dr. Andy Felsher, who had testified in 1959 to fixing the "Tic-Tac-Dough" game show.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Family_Feud)(SFC, 8/2/18, p.D2)
1966        Jul 12, There were race riots in Chicago.
    (MC, 7/12/02)
1966        Jul 12, D.T. Suzuki (96), Zen Buddhism scholar, died in Tokyo, Japan.
    (MC, 7/12/02)

1966        Jul 14, German-born playboy Gunter Sachs (1932-2011) married Brigitte Bardot in Las Vegas. They divorced in 1969.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunter_Sachs)
1966        Jul 14, In Chicago Richard Speck murdered 8 student nurses in a Chicago dormitory. He made a videotape in prison and admitted to the killings. Gloria Davy, Patricia Matusek, Nina  Schmale, Pamela Wilkening, Suzanne Farris, Mary Ann Jordan,  Merlita Gargullo, and Valentina Paison; all nursing students  at the South Chicago Community Hospital; were raped then strangled or stabbed to death by Richard Speck. One survivor, Cora Amurao, identified Richard Speck, and he was put in jail. He was serving consecutive sentences of 50 to 150 years and died of a heart attack in 1991 at age 49. The video shows him having sex and snorting cocaine in prison.
    (USA Today, 5/14/96, p.3A)(TMC, 1994, p.1966) (AP, 7/14/97)

1966        Jul 16, "Half a Sixpence" closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 512 performances.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1966        Jul 17, Ho Chi Minh ordered a partial mobilization of North Vietnam to defend against American airstrikes.
    (HN, 7/17/98)

1966        Jul 19, Gov. James Rhodes declared a state of emergency in Cleveland due to a race riot.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1966        Jul 21, Gemini X returned to Earth.
    (OGA, 11/24/98)

1966        Jul 22, B-52 bombers hit the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam for the first time.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1966        Jul 23, [Edward] Montgomery Clift (45), actor (From Here to Eternity), died.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1966        Jul 24, Oakland-born golfer Tony Lema (32), while flying with his wife Betty to an exhibition match in Chicago, Illinois, crashed on the seventh hole of a golf course in Lansing, Illinois, after their chartered twin-engine Beechcraft Bonanza ran out of fuel. All four people on board were killed.

1966        Jul 25, Supremes released "You Can't Hurry Love."
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1966        Jul 25, Yankee manager Casey Stengel was elected to baseball’s Hall of Fame.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1966        Jul 29, Bob Dylan was hurt in motorcycle accident near Woodstock, NY.
1966        Jul 29, Edward Gordon Craig (b.1872), the son of English actress Ellen Terry, died. He had authored the controversial manifesto “On the Art of the Theater" (1911) and envisioned that the future of theater lay in lights, sounds, shadows and screens.
    (Econ, 8/30/08, p.80)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Gordon_Craig)

1966        Jul 30, US airplanes bombed the demilitarized zone in Vietnam.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1966        Jul 31, Alabamans burned Beatle products due to John Lennon's remark that the Beatles are more popular than Jesus.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1966        Jul 29, In Nigeria northern troops led by Major Theophilus Danjuma and Captain Martin Adamu led a military coup that ended civilian rule.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/15/03, p.A14)(AFP, 8/29/10)(AFP, 11/26/11)

1966        Aug 1, Charles Joseph Whitman (25), architectural engineering student and ex-Marine, shot and killed 14 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned down by police. His mother and wife were the first victims before he climbed to the tower at the Univ. of Texas in Austen and shot 14 people dead and wounded 31. One shooting victim died of complications in 2001 bringing the death toll to 17. The 1997 film "The Delicate Art of the Rifle" by the Cambrai Liberation Collective of North Carolina was a reimaging of the attack at the Austin Campus.
    (AP, 8/1/97)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)
1966        Aug 1, In Nigeria Gen'l. Yakuba Gowon (b.1934) was named head of state and ruled until 1975.

1966        Aug 3, Lenny Bruce (b.1925), stand up comic, died at his home in Hollywood, Ca., from a morphine overdose.
    (WSJ, 5/29/03, p.D8)(www.fadetoblack.com/foi/lennybruce/bio.htm)

1966        Aug 5, Martin Luther King Jr. was stoned during a march in Chicago.
    (MC, 8/5/02)
1966        Aug 5, Beatles released their "Revolver" album in US.
    (MC, 8/5/02)
1966        Aug 5, Beatles released "Yellow Submarine" and "Eleanor Rigby" in UK.
    (MC, 8/5/02)

1966        Aug 6, Demonstrations against war in Vietnam become widespread throughout US.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1966        Aug 7, The United States lost seven planes over North Vietnam, the most in the war up to this point.
    (HN, 8/7/98)
1966        Aug 7, There was a race riot in Lansing, Michigan.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1966        Aug 8, South African Broadcasting banned the Beatles for Lennon's anti-Jesus remark.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1966        Aug 11, Wilkes Bashford (1933-2016), men’s clothing retailer, opened his own shop in SF. In 2009 he filed for bankruptcy and sold his operations to Mitchells/Richards/Marshs, an East Coast company.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.D1)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A12)(SFC, 1/18/16, p.A1)

1966        Aug 12, Harry Roberts (v.1936) and two accomplices were sitting in a van in west London preparing for an armed robbery when they were approached by three unarmed policemen, who they shot dead. In 2014 Roberts (78) was released from prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shepherd%27s_Bush_murders)(AP, 10/23/14)

1966        Aug 17, Pioneer 7 launched into solar orbit.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1966        Aug 18, Australians bloodily repulsed a Viet Cong attack at Long Tan, South Vietnam.
    (HN, 8/18/98)

1966        Aug 19, An earthquake struck Varko, Turkey, and some 2,400 were killed.
    (MC, 8/19/02)

1966        Aug 20, The Beatles were pelted with rotten fruit during a Memphis concert.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1966        Aug 22, The Beatles arrived in NYC.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1966        Aug 27, There was a race riot in Waukegan, Illinois.
    (MC, 8/27/02)
1966        Aug 27, Sir Francis Chichester began 1st solo ocean voyage around the world.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1966        Aug 29, The Beatles concluded their fourth American tour with their last public concert, at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The Park's capacity was 42,500, but only 25,000 tickets were sold, leaving large sections of unsold seats. Fans paid between $4.50 and $6.50 for tickets, and The Beatles' fee was around $90,000. The show's promoter was local company Tempo Productions.
    (AP, 8/29/97)(http://tinyurl.com/p8c8dnr)
1966        Aug 29, In Egypt Sayyid Qutb (b.1906), intellectual godfather of radical Islam, was hanged for treason under Pres. Nasser. Qutb had earlier written: "A Muslim has no nationality except his belief." He denounced western hedonism and the decadence of Muslim regimes. Qutb had spent some time in the US (1948-1951) and authored the 1951 essay “The America I Have Seen." While in prison (1954-1964) in Egypt, Qutb authored “Milestones," to chart the course of his crushed movement. His brother Muhammad went into exile in Saudi Arabia where he taught at King Abdul Aziz Univ. Osama bin Laden was one of his students. In 2010 John Calvert authored “Sayyid Qutb and the Origins of Radical Islamism."
    (WSJ, 3/22/04, p.A18)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.24)(Econ, 7/17/10, p.86)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.20)

1966        Aug 31, In China a response to Mao’s call for a Cultural Revolution led to a massacre in Hongsheng, one of 13 communes in Beijing’s Daxing district, that left 110 people dead. The official death toll for all 13 communes was put at 324. Over 2 weeks some 2,000 Beijing residents were killed.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.43)

1966        Aug, John McCone, former CIA director, joined Ronald Reagan’s campaign as head of an executive policy advice committee.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)

1966        Aug, The commander of 5th Special Forces established an ad hoc Mobile Force that he carved out of his resources. Initially the element was called Task Force 777, later renamed Blackjack 21. The "2" was for the II Corps area that included the Central Highlands, home to several Montagnard tribes. The "1" meant it was the first of its kind in II Corps--and in Vietnam. The formal mission statement was: “To infiltrate into the area of operations and conduct border surveillance, interdict infiltration routes, and conduct guerrilla-type operations against known VC installations. Infiltration, reconnaissance, operations, and exfiltration will be executed clandestinely."
    (HNQ, 10/16/02)

1966        Sep 1, The 1st annual Muscular Dystrophy Telethon, led by Jerry Lewis, was held.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.E5)

1966        Sep 3, The 24th World Sci-Fi Convention honored Gene Roddenberry.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1966        Sep 4, US pilot Ron Bliss was shot down over North Vietnam and spent 6 1/2 years in prison at the "Hanoi Hilton." His story was later part of the 1998 documentary "Return With Honor."
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, DB p.50)

1966        Sep 6, A race riot took place in the Summerhill neighborhood of Atlanta, Ga., from Sep 6-11. Blacks rioted after a suspected car thief is shot escaping a white cop and 138 people were arrested with 35 injured. Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee's (SNCC's) Stokely Carmichael is indicted for inciting a riot, and Julian Bond resigns from SNCC.
1966        Sep 6, Margaret Higgins Sanger (b.1883), birth control advocate and founder of the organization that became Planned Parenthood, died. In 2011 Jean H. Baker authored “Margaret Sanger: A Life of Passion."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Sanger)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.F1)
1966        Sep 6, South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd was stabbed to death by a deranged page during a parliamentary session in Cape Town. Demitrios Tsafendas was reported to have been insane with the belief that a tapeworm inside his head instructed him to do the killing. In 2001 Henk Van Woerden authored "The Assassin: A Story of Race and Rage in the Land of Apartheid."
    (AP, 9/6/97)(SSFC, 7/8/01, DB p.63)

1966        Sep 8, The television series “Star Trek" premiered on NBC with the episode "The Man Trap". Nichelle Nichols starred as Lt. Uhura.
    (SFC, 8/5/96, p.A13)(SFC, 6/12/99, p.A23)(AP, 9/8/01)
1966        Sep 8, The TV series "Tarzan" premiered with Ron Ely as Tarzan and continued to 1968.
1966        Sep 8, The situation comedy "That Girl" starring Marlo Thomas premiered on ABC-TV.
    (AP, 9/8/06)

1966        Sep 10, The Beatles' "Revolver," album went #1 & stays #1 for 6 weeks.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1966        Sep 12, "The Monkees" debuted on NBC TV. "Hey, hey we're the Monkees- and we don't monkey around." The show ran to 1868 and won an Emmy.
    (WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/12/01)
1966        Sep 12, The situation comedy Family Affair'' premiered on CBS. It ran to 1971.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.C9)(AP, 9/12/06)
1966        Sep 12, The Beatles received a gold record for "Yellow Submarine."
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1966        Sep 14, Operation Attleboro, designed as a training exercise for American troops in South Vietnam, became a month-long struggle against the Viet Cong.
    (HN, 9/14/98)
1966        Sep 14, Tillie Edelstein (b.1898), actress and screenwriter, died. As Gertrude Berg, she created “The Goldbergs" (1929), a radio program that later became first television sitcom. In 2009 Aviva Kempner directed a documentary of Berg titled “Yoo-Hoo, Mrs. Goldberg."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_Berg)(SFC, 8/7/09, p.E5)

1966        Sep 16, The Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
    (AP, 9/16/97)

1966        Sep 17, “Mission Impossible" premiered on CBS. Greg Morris (1934-1996) played Barney Collier, the technical wizard. Its theme music was written by Lalo Schifrin. The series ran until 1973. Martin landau and his wife Barbara Bain left the show at the end of its third season.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, C2)(SI-WPC, 12/6/96)(AP, 9/17/01)(SFC, 7/17/17, p.A6)
1966        Sep 17, Fritz Wunderlich, charismatic German tenor (Stuttgart 1955-58), died at 35 from falling down stairs, two months short of his Met Opera debut.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1966        Sep 18, Gemini XI, a 3-day mission, was launched with Charles Conrad in command.
    (SFC, 7/9/99, p.A6)

1966        Sep 20, Allen Cohen (1940-2004), published the 1st edition of the SF Oracle underground newspaper. The San Francisco Oracle featured visionary art by such renown artists as: Rick Griffin, Victor Moscoso, David Singer, Stanley Mouse, alongside writing firmly steeped in the past with such Beat era writers as: Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, and Lawrence Ferlinghetti. Cohen was arrested earlier in 1966 for selling a collection of erotic poetry called "The Love Book" by Lenore Kandel. Cohen was convicted and fined $50. The SF Oracle folded in 1968 following the publication of issue #12.
    (SFC, 5/1/04, p.B7)(www.sfheart.com/cohen_bio.html)
1966        Sep 20, Nasa's Centaur upper rocket stage successfully propelled the Surveyor 2 lander to the moon before it was discarded. The lander ended up crashing into the moon after one of its thrusters failed to ignite on the way there. The rocket, meanwhile, swept past the moon and into orbit around the sun as intended junk. In 2020 it was identified as asteroid 2020 SO.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surveyor_2)(AP, 10/11/20)

1966        Sep 21, Jimmy Hendrix changed the spelling of his name to Jimi.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1966        Sep 22, Edward Albee's "Delicate Balance," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/22/01)

1966        Sep 25, Dmitri Shostakovitch's 2nd Cello Concert premiered in Moscow.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1966        Sep 30, The Republic of Botswana, a Texas sized country, declared its independence from Britain. Seretse Khama (1921-1980) began serving as the 1st president of Botswana.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 9/30/06)(http://ubh.tripod.com/bw/skhama.htm)
1966        Sep 30, Nazi war criminals Albert Speer, the German minister of armaments, and Baldur von Schirach, the founder of the Hitler Youth, were freed at midnight from Spandau prison after serving twenty-year prison sentences. In 2002 Joachim Fest authored the biography: "Speer: The final Verdict."
    (www.weymouthhistoricalsociety.org/September.htm)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.M3)

1966        Sep, In SF the Jefferson Airplane played the band’s last show at the Matrix, the first night that Grace Slick sang with the band.
    (SFC, 11/17/08, p.E4)

1966        Oct 5, A sodium cooling system malfunction caused a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit, Mich. Radiation was contained.
    (HN, 10/5/98)

1966        Oct 6, Hanoi insisted the United States must end its bombing in Vietnam before peace talks could begin.
    (HN, 10/6/98)

1966        Oct 7, Doris Duke (d.1993), a fabulously wealthy tobacco and power company heiress, ran over and killed Eduardo Tirella (42), a longtime employee and confidant, at her Newport, Rhode Island mansion. Police took her at her word that it was an accident. Duke later settled with Tirella's family after they filed a lawsuit. In 2021 Bob Walker (68), a Marine Corps veteran, says he was there the day Duke killed 42-year-old Eduardo Tirella, driving into him twice with a 2-ton station wagon as he screamed below it.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y8t8yz8s)(AP, 8/5/21)

1966        Oct 10, U.S. Forces launched Operation Robin, in Hoa Province south of Saigon in South Vietnam, to provide road security between villages.
    (HN, 10/10/98)

1966        Oct 13, 173 US airplanes bombed North-Vietnam.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1966        Oct 14, 175 US airplanes bombed North Vietnam.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1966        Oct 14, The World Bank’s International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) came into force. It was established under the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States.

1966        Oct 15, President Johnson signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation.
    (AP, 10/15/97)
1966        Oct 15, US Congress passed the Endangered Species Preservation Act. It was expanded in 1973 as the Endangered Species Act. The Devils Hole Pupfish of Death Valley were among the first species protected. By 1972 only 124 remained. By 2007 only 42 were left. The count reached 75 in 2013.
    (www.fws.gov/endangered/1966listing.html)(Econ, 1/19/12, p.79)
1966        Oct 15, South Dakota’s Mount Rushmore was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
1966        Oct 15, The Black Panthers wrote their Ten Point Program at the Office of Economic Development Corp. in Oakland, Ca. It called for adequate housing, jobs, education and an end to police brutality. The Black Panther Party was founded by Merritt College students Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. In 2006 Flores A. Forbes authored “Will You Die With Me: My Life and the Black Panther Party."
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W31)(SSFC, 7/9/06, p.M1)

1966        Oct 16, Joan Baez and 123 other anti-draft protestors were arrested in Oakland.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1966        Oct 17, Wieland Wagner, German opera director and grandson of Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1966        Oct 18, "Apple Tree" opened at Shubert Theater NYC for 463 performances.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1966        Oct 19, Elizabeth Arden, US cosmetic manufacturer, died.  In 2004 Lindy Woodhead authored “War Paint: Madame Helena Rubinstein & Miss Elizabeth Arden: Their Lives, Their times, Their Rivalry."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Arden)(SSFC, 3/8/09, p.G1)

1966        Oct 21, More than 140 people, mostly children, were killed when a coal waste landslide engulfed a school and several houses in Aberfan, Wales.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

1966        Oct 22, The Soviet Union launched Luna 12 for orbit around the moon.
    (HN, 10/22/98)

1966        Oct 26, US aircraft carrier Oriskany caught fire at Gulf on Tonkin and 43 died.
    (MC, 10/26/01)

1966        Oct 27, Walt Disney laid out his vision for 27,400 acres of land he had secretly acquired in central Florida, to include a theme park, industrial park and an airport. Disney died two months later and the plan was shelved. In 1971 Walt Disney World opened on the land.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.41)
1966        Oct 27, The UN deprived South Africa of Namibia.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1966        Oct 29, The National Organization for Women was formally organized during a conference in Washington, D.C. 
    (AP, 10/29/07)

1966        Oct 30, The Zodiac killer murdered a female college student in Riverside. In 1985 Robert Graysmith authored "Zodiac" in which he identified the killer with the pseudonym of "Robert Starr," and later identified him as Arthur Leigh Allen (d.1992), a convicted child molester from Vallejo. Graysmith authored "Zodiac Unmasked" in 2002. In 2009 Deborah Perez (47) asserted that her father, Santa Ana resident Guy Ward Hendrickson (d.1983), was the Zodiac killer and that she had accompanied him on some of the killings.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W20)(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.M6)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A9)

1966        Oct, The song “96 Tears" by the Mysterians Chicano band of Michigan hit No. 1 on the Billboard charts.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.36)
1966        Oct, LSD was made illegal.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W28)
1966        Oct, In Northern Ireland Gusty Spence was given life in prison for the murder of an 18 year-old Catholic barman, Peter Ward. In his 18 years behind bars, Spence turned away from violence and on his release became involved in politics.
    (AP, 9/25/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gusty_Spence)

1966        Nov 4, In Florence, Italy the River Arno overflowed and damaged the Uffizi Gallery. Whole libraries of valuable ancient documents were soaked. 33 people died in the flood and blame fell principally on Enel, Italy’s largest power company. In 2008 Robert Clark authored “Dark Water: Flood and Redemption in the City of Masterpieces."
    (WSJ, 10/29/96, p.A21)(SFC, 4/6/01, p.D4)(Econ, 11/1/08, p.97)
1966        Nov 4, A devastating flood swamped Venice, damaged monuments and covered the city in mud. 5,000 people were made homeless.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D4)(WSJ, 3/8/02, p.AW9)

1966        Nov 7, Jean-Claude van Itallie's "America Hurrah," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/7/01)

1966        Nov 8, Pres. Johnson signed anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger.
    (MC, 11/8/01)
1966        Nov 8, Ronald Reagan defeated Pat Brown by over a million votes to become governor of California. Reagan had defeated former SF Mayor George Christopher in the primary.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A28)(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)
1966        Nov 8, Republican Edward Brooke (1919-.2014) of Massachusetts became the first African-American elected to the Senate by popular vote in 85 years.
    (AP, 11/8/97)(HN, 11/6/98)(SSFC, 1/4/15, p.C9)

1966        Nov 11, Methodist Church and Evangelical United Brethren Church united as United Methodist Church.
    (MC, 11/11/01)
1966        Nov 11, Gemini 12 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., with astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.
    (AP, 11/11/97)(HN, 11/11/98)

1966        Nov 15, The flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Junior splashed down safely in the Atlantic.
    (AP, 11/15/97)

1966        Nov 16, Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard, after 9 years in jail, was acquitted in his second trial of charges he had murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.
    (AP, 11/1697)(MC, 11/16/01)

1966        Nov 17, The Leonid meteor shower peaked at 150,000+ per hour.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

1966        Nov 18, US Roman Catholic bishops did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays outside of Lent.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
1966        Nov 18, Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1966        Nov 19, Undefeated Notre Dame played undefeated Michigan State in a football game billed as the “Game of the Century."
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.E8)

1966        Nov 20, "Cabaret" opened at Broadhurst Theater, NYC, for 1166 performances.
    (MC, 11/20/01)
1966        Nov 20, Men in Zurich voted against female suffrage.
    (MC, 11/20/01)

1966        Nov 24, The Beatles began recording sessions for "Sgt Pepper."
    (MC, 11/24/01)

1966        Nov 28, Several gold records were certified this day. The Righteous Brothers get one for their album "Soul and Inspiration." The Monkees earn their third gold record for "I'm a Believer," which will be Number One for seven weeks. And a gold record goes to the New Vaudeville band for their '20s Rudy Vallee-style novelty song, "Winchester Cathedral."
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)

1966        Nov 28, US LP release: "The Beatles Girls," instrumental LP by George Martin.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1966        Nov 28, Dominican Republic adopts constitution.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)

1966        Nov 30, The former British colony of Barbados became independent.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 11/30/97)

1966        Dec 1, Carter Stanley, of the Stanley Brothers bluegrass duo, died of cancer.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A16)
1966        Dec 1, West German Chancellor Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977) resigned following the breakup of a coalition of the CDU, CSU and FDP. He was succeeded by Kurt Georg Kiesinger (CDU), who formed a grand coalition with the SPD.
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Erhard)

1966        Dec 5, Comedian and political activist Dick Gregory headed for Hanoi, North Vietnam despite federal warnings against it.
    (HN, 12/5/98)

1966        Dec 13, The 1st US bombing of Hanoi, North Vietnam, took place.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1966        Dec 15, Walt Disney (b.1901), movie producer, actor and director, died in Los Angeles. In 1998 a CD-ROM was produced titled: “Walt Disney: An Intimate History of the Man and His magic." In 2006 Neal Gabler authored “Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination."
    (AP, 12/15/97)(SFC, 11/4/98, p.E1)(WSJ, 11/3/06, p.W6)

1966        Dec 16, The UN General Assembly endorsed the Int’l. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). It came into force from March 23, 1976, and committed its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals. In 1992 the US Senate ratified the treaty but exempted itself from a provision that banned the execution of those under 18.
1966        Dec 16, The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), a multilateral treaty, was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and in force from 3 January 1976. It commits its parties to work toward the granting of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCR).

1966        Dec 18, Dr. Seuss' "How the Grinch Stole Christmas" aired for 1st time on CBS.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1966        Dec 19, Alberto "La Bomba" Tomba, Italian skier (Olympic-gold-1988, 92), was born.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1966        Dec 21, USSR launched Luna 13. It soft-landed on the Moon’s Oceanus Procellarum.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1966        Dec 22, The US announced the allocation of 900,000 tons of grain to fight the famine in India. Mass starvation was averted in India this year by the arrival of 10 million tons of American food aid.
    (HN, 12/22/98)(Econ., 1/16/21, p.9)

1966        Dec 24, Soviet research station Luna 13 soft-landed on the moon.
    (HN, 12/24/98)(MC, 12/24/01)

1966        Dec 26, Dr. Maulana “Ron" Karenga, chairman of black studies at Long Beach CSU, celebrated the first Kwanzaa, a seven day African American celebration of family and heritage. Dr. Karenga established Kwanzaa (“first fruits of the season" in Swahili), the African American celebration of unity and community values over the Christmas to New Year season. The 7 principles of Kwanzaa include: Umoja - Unity; Kujichagulia - Self-determination; Ujima - Collective work and responsibility; Ujamaa - Cooperative economics; Nia - Purpose; Kuumba - Creativity; and Imani - Faith. The holiday runs for 7 days from Dec 26 to Jan 1.
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.C17)(SFC,12/26/97, p.A30)(HN, 12/26/98)

1966        Dec 30, Trygve Halvdan Lie (72), 1st UN sect-general (1946-53), died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1966        Dec, Nicholas Clinch (1930-2016) led a team of American mountain climbers in the first ascent of Mount Vinson, the highest peak in Antarctica at just over 16,000 feet.
    (SFC, 6/23/16, p.E4)
1966        Dec, In China an outbreak of meningitis led to the beginning of a CIA program, one of the first in "disease intelligence," a boutique field of espionage and analysis that aims to uncover the signs before and consequences after a pandemic.
    (Good Morning America, 6/20/20)

1966        Roy Lichtenstein created his work: "Blue Seascape."
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.E8)

1966        George Rickey made his sculpture “Two Red Lines II." It was placed outside the Oakland Museum.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, DB p.37)

1966        James Dickey (1923-1997) won the National Book Award for his poetry collection “Buckdancer’s Choice."
    (SFC,1/21/97, p.A20)

1966        Edward Albee wrote his play “A Delicate Balance" which won him a Pulitzer Prize.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-16)(SFC, 9/5/96, p.B2)

1966         William J. Baumol and William G. Bowen authored “Performing Arts, The Economic Dilemma: a study of problems common to theater, opera, music, and dance." Here they described what came to be known as Baumol’s Disease. This involves a rise of salaries in jobs that have experienced no increase of labor productivity in response to rising salaries in other jobs which did experience such labor productivity growth. This seemingly goes against the theory in classical economics that wages are closely tied to labor productivity changes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baumol%27s_cost_disease)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.11)

1966        James Goldman wrote his play "The Lion in Winter," set in 1183 England.
    (WSJ, 3/17/99, p.A24)

1966        Tom Stoppard wrote his play "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead."
    (SFEM, 1/2/00, p.6)

1966        Jacqueline Susann (d.1974 at 56) authored the novel "Valley of the Dolls."
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.B1)

1966        Margaret Walker Alexander, black author, wrote her novel “Jubilee." It was the story of the daughter of a slave and a white plantation owner.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.B2)

1966        Truman Capote wrote his non-fiction novel “In Cold Blood." It was based on a 1959 family murder in Kansas. He spent 5 years reconstructing the lives and crimes of Dick Hickock and Perry Smith.
    (WSJ, 11/18/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A21)

1966        Fred J. Cook (1911-2003) authored "The Secret Rulers," a look at organized crime
    (SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)

1966        Richard Dillon authored "The Legend of Grizzly Adams: California's Greatest Mountain Man."
    (http://tinyurl.com/yaucamr4)(SFC, 7/7/18, p.C2)

1966        Peter Garlake, British archeologist, wrote: “Islamic Architecture on the Coast of East Africa."
    (NH, 6/97, p.45)

1966        Euell Gibbons wrote “Stalking the Healthful Herbs."
    (WSJ, 12/24/96, p.A6)

1966        Langdon Gilkey (1919-2004), Protestant theologian, authored “Shantung Compound: The Story of Men and Women Under Pressure."
    (SFC, 11/22/04, p.B6)

1966        Seamus Heaney (b.1939), Irish poet (1995 Nobel laureate), authored his collection of verse “Death of a Naturalist."
    (Econ, 4/15/06, p.82)

1966        Prof. Alan Heimert (d.1999 at 70) of Harvard published "Religion and the American Mind: From the Great Awakening to the Revolution." It had a significant impact on understanding the American culture of the 18th century.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)

1966        William Hinton (1919-2004) authored “Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village."
    (Econ, 5/29/04, p.85)

1966        Lenore Kandel (1932-2009), NYC-born SF poet, published “The Love Book." It was deemed pornographic and SF police raided the Psychedelic Shop on Haight Street where it was sold. Kandel, born of Russian and Mongol parents, was portrayed as Romana Swartz in Jack Kerouac’s 1962 novel “Big Sur."
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.D6)

1966        Allan Kaprow (1927-2006), an artist who coined the term “happenings" in the late 1950s, published “Assemblage, Environments, and Happenings."
    (SFC, 4/11/06, p.B5)(WSJ, 4/27/06, p.D7)

1966        Pete Kuykendall (1938-2017), banjoist, guitarist and song writer, co-founded the publication “Bluegrass Unlimited" as a mimeographed newsletter. Four years later he turned the fan publication into a glossy monthly magazine.
    (SSFC, 9/3/17, p.C9)

1966        Mark Lane (1927-2016) authored “Rush to Judgement," a result of his inquiry into the assassination of John F. Kennedy. The 1973 the film “Executive Action" was based on his book.
    (SFC, 5/13/16, p.D3)

1966        Bernard Malamud (1914-1986) authored “Fixer" (1966). It was inspired by the true story of Menahem Mendel Beilis, an unjustly imprisoned Jew in Tsarist Russia. The notorious "Beilis trial" of 1913 caused an international uproar that forced Russia to back down in the face of world indignation. Malamud won a Pulitzer Prize in 1967 for the book. 
    {Writer, USA}

1966        Dr. William H. Masters (1915-2001) and Virginia Johnson (b.1925), leading researchers in human sexuality, authored the best seller "Human Sexual Response." Masters and Johnson reported that half of all US marriages are plagued by some kind of sexual inadequacy. They founded a research institute in St. Louis, which closed in 1994 following their 1993 divorce. In 2009 Thomas Maier authored “Masters of Sex: The Life and Times of William Masters and Virginia Johnson, the Couple Who Taught America How to Love."
    (SSFC, 2/18/01, p.A24)(NW, 6/30/03, p.44)(Econ, 5/16/09, p.90)

1966        Barrington Moore (d.2005), American sociologist, authored “The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.97)

1966        Douglas Eugene Pike, US State Dept. officer, authored “Viet Cong." In 1986 he authored “PAVN: People’s Army of Vietnam."
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A22)

1966        Ned Rorem, composer, authored “The Paris Diary of Ned Rorem."
    (Econ, 10/4/03, p.82)

1966        C.O. Sauer wrote his classic “The Early Spanish Main."
    (NH, 10/96, p.28)

1966        William T. Stearn published the first edition of his “Botanical Latin." It contained the history, grammar, syntax, terminology and vocabulary of botanical Latin and went to a 4th edition in 1995.
    (WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-10)

1966        Gilbert Y. Steiner (d.2006 at 81) authored “Social Insecurity: The Politics of Welfare." Over the next 2 decades he published studies from the Brookings research group that helped shape the US social system.
    (SFC, 3/13/06, p.B3)

1966        Phil Stone (1936-2006) authored "The General Inquirer: A Computer Approach to Content Analysis." This followed a 1962 paper titled: "The general inquirer: A computer system for content analysis and retrieval based on the sentence as a unit of information."

1966        Virgil Thomson, composer and music critic, wrote his autobiography. In 1997 Anthony Tommasini wrote his biography: “Virgil Thomson: Composer on the Aisle."
    (WSJ, 6/16/97, p.10)

1966        Robert Heinlein (1907-1988) published his novel “The Moon is a Harsh Mistress." His setting was a penal colony on the moon in 2075.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.383)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.W8)

1966        Alan Harrington (d.1997 at 79) published his novel of male menopause “The Secret Swinger."
    (SFC, 5/29/97, p.C4)

1966        Harry Harrison authored sci-fi novel “Make Room! Make Room" was published. It was originally serialized in Impulse magazine. The novel was the basis of the 1973 science fiction movie Soylent Green, although the movie changed much of the plot and theme and introduced cannibalism as a solution to feeding people.

1966        Mary Renault (b.1905), English and South African writer, authored "Mask of Apollo." Here she said "In hatred as in love, we grow like the thing we brood upon. What we loathe, we graft into our very soul."

1966        Jean Shepherd (d.1999), radio raconteur, authored "In God We Trust, All Others Pay Cash."
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A23)

1966        Edward Stewart (1938-1996) wrote his first novel: “Orpheus On Top." He went on to publish 11 more novels.
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)

1966        Robert Venturi, architect, authored “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture."
    (WSJ, 12/28/06, p.D6)

1966        “Cabaret" was a musical hit on Broadway. It was based on Christopher Isherwood’s “Goodbye to Berlin" in “Berlin Stories" and John Van Druten’s “I Am a Camera. “
    (SFC, 10/22/96, p.E1)(SFC, 1/16/97, p.E3)

1966        Cy Coleman composed the musical “Sweet Charity," a tale of the gals on Times Square.
    (WSJ, 4/30/97, p.A12)

1966        The play “My Sweet Charlie" (1965) was produced on Broadway. It was based on the same name 1965 novel by David Westheimer (1917-2005).
    (SFC, 11/12/05, p.B5)

1966        The TV sitcom “Petticoat Junction" featured Bea Benaderet as the widowed owner of the Shady Rest Hotel and mother of 3 fetching daughters in Hooterville. Meredith MacRae (d.2000 at 56) was one of the daughters. The CBS series ran until 1970.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A23)

1966        The Road Runner Show arrived on TV.
    (NW, 11/11/02, p.55)

1966        “The World of Jacques-Yves Cousteau" made its debut on American TV as a National Geographic Special.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)

1966        The Beach Boys sang “Good Vibrations," and sales exceeded a million records.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)
1966        The Capitols sang “Cool Jerk."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966        Chas Chandler, bass player for the Animals, spotted Jimi Hendrix playing at the Cafe Wha in New York and invited him to London. He later produced the first 2 Hendrix albums.
    (SFC, 7/18/96, p.A22)

1966        Arlo Guthrie wrote the song “Alice’s Restaurant," and it became the anti- draft fight song.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1966)

1966        The Four Tops sang “Reach Out I’ll Be There" and “Standing in the Shadows of Love."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)

1966        Don Ho (1930-2007), a Vietnamese-American singer, released his most famous song, "Tiny Bubbles", which charted on both the pop (#8 Billboard) and easy listening charts and caused the subsequent Tiny Bubbles LP to remain in the album Top 20 for almost a year.

1966        The Jimi Hendrix Experience formed and played together for 3 years. Noel Redding (d.2003 at 57) was the bass player. The band produced 3 albums of psychedelic rock: "Are You Experienced," "Axis: Bold as Love," and "Electric Ladyland."
    (SFC, 5/14/03, p.A17)

1966        Phil Spector produced “River Deep – Mountain High" with Ike and Tina Turner. The pair split in 1976.
    (SFC, 12/13/07, p.B5)

1966        Junior Walker and the All Stars sang “How Sweet It Is."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)

1966        Arthur Lee (1945-2006) fronted the band Love and established himself as the 1st black rock star in the post Beatle’s era. The group’s debut album, “Love," was the 1st rock record released by Electra Records.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.B6)

1966        The Mamas and Papas released their debut single “California Dreamin." The group broke up in 1968.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A19)

1966        Sergio Mendes and Brasil ‘66 made a hit with “Mas Que Nada."
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)

1966        Jimmy Ruffin sang "What Become of the Broken-hearted."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)

1966        The Sandpipers made a hit with “Guantanamera."
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)

1966        Simon and Garfunkel sang “Scarborough Fair."
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.2)

1966        Frank Sinatra made a hit with “Strangers in the Night." The song won a Grammy as record of the year.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.E7)
1966        Nancy Sinatra sang "These Boots Are Made for Walking," written by Lee Hazlewood (1929-2007).
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 8/7/07, p.D9)
1966        Percy Sledge made a hit with his song “When a Man Loves a Woman."
    (SFC, 8/14/96, p.E2)

1966        Dusty Springfield recorded "You Don't Have to Say You Love Me."
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.C6)
1966        The Standells song “Dirty Water," an ode to Boston and its polluted waterways, reached No. 11 on the Billboard’s Top 40 chart. In 2006 the group filed a suit against Anheuser-Busch for illegal use of the song in commercials.
    (SFC, 6/12/06, p.D11)
1966        The Supremes sang "You Can’t Hurry Love" and “You Keep Me Hanging On."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D8)
1966        The Young Rascals had a No. 1 hit with “Good Lovin’."
    (SFC, 6/27/06, p.B5)

1966        The Blue Note jazz label of Alfred Lion was sold to Liberty Records. It was later transferred to EMI.
    (WSJ, 10/3/97, p.A8)

1966        Jeff Hanna and Jimmie Fadden founded their “Nitty Gritty Dirt Band."
    (SFEM,10/19/97, DB p.61)
1966        Paul Williams (1948-2013) founded “Crawdaddy," a pioneering journal of rock criticism. Williams went on to author over 25 books including a 3-volume work on bob Dylan.
    (SFC, 4/2/13, p.A5)

1966        The 2.7 mile Sandia Peak Tramway opened in Albuquerque, NM.
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.D9)

1966        Busch Stadium, the ballpark to house the St. Louis Cardinals, was completed in St. Louis, Mo. It was demolished and replaced in 2005.
    (AP, 11/4/05)

1966        Anton LaVey founded the Church of Satan in SF.
    (SFC, 5/8/97, p.A22)

1966        Pope Paul VI allowed celibacy dispensations for men wanting to leave the Catholic priesthood. Over the next 2 decades thousands of Catholic priests left active ministry to marry.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A3)

1966        Frank Sinatra married Mia Farrow, who was 30 years younger than himself. Comedian Jackie Mason commented: “Frank soaks his dentures and Mia brushes her braces... Then she takes off her roller skates and puts them next to his cane."
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.E7)

1966        Raymond Spangler (d.1997 at 93) became the national president of Sigma Delta Chi, now known as the Society of Professional Journalists. He led the fight to get women admitted as members.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A19)

1966        Harry V. Mohney began his adult entertainment business with a single theater in Battle Creek, Mich. He built an empire on “peeps," 90 seconds of video-taped sex acts for a quarter.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, p.A10)

1966        Journalism professor Lyle M. Nelson (d.1997 at 79) of Stanford created the John S. Knight fellowship program for journalists with help from the Ford Foundation. The program championed ethics in journalism.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, p.C4)

1966        Haynes Johnson (1931-2013), Washington Post journalist, won a Pulitzer Prize for his reporting on the civil rights struggle in Selma, Ala.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.C14)

1966        David Lett planted the first Pinot Noir grapes at his Eyrie Vineyards in the Willamette Valley of Oregon.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, zz-1 p.4)
1966        Norman Brinker, restaurant pioneer, founded Steak and Ale in Dallas. The chain later became part of the Metromedia Restaurant Group. In 2008 Metromedia filed for bankruptcy.
    (WSJ, 7/30/08, p.B1)

1966        Stokely Carmichael (25) was chosen as chairman for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). He replaced John Lewis (later US representative from Georgia) and soon raised the call for black power.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A7)
1966        Artist Frank Cieciorka (1939-2008) created his image of a black panther, which became a symbol for the Black Panther Party, formed in Oakland, California. The image first appeared in the SNCC’s newspaper, the Movement.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, p.C-9)(SFC, 11/29/08, p.B5)

1966        The Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture was founded on the southwest side of Chicago. The museum publishes 2 periodicals: The Lithuanian Museum Review (bimonthly) and Geneologija (semi-annual). 6500 S. Pulaski, Chicago, IL. 60629.
    (DrEE, 9/21/96, p.6)

1966        Ensemble International, a folk dance group, was founded by Jules DiCicco with Marion and Ned Gault as directors and teachers in Sunnyvale, Ca.
    (Group flyer, 1996)

1966        The New York Harold Tribune ceased publication.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.C6)

1966        Deborah Park of Overland Park, Kansas, won the Miss America beauty pageant.
    (SFEC, 9/15/96, p.A6)

1966        The National Football League (NFL) merged with the American Football League (AFL) and paved the way for the Super Bowl. Wayne Valley helped found the AFL.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A11)(SFC, 5/29/98, p.D7)

1966        Brian Lee Schubert (1940-2006) and a friend became the first people to parachute from El Capitan in Yosemite National Park. Schubert was killed in 2006 when his chute opened late at a jump festival in Fayetteville, West Virginia.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.A5)

1966        Paul Cohen (1934-2007), Stanford professor, won the Fields Medal, the top prize in mathematics.
    (SFC, 3/30/07, p.B6)

1966        Edward Albee won his first Pulitzer Prize for his play “A Delicate Balance."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.33)

1966        Journalist Peter Arnett won a Pulitzer Prize for Vietnam coverage for the Associated Press.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.8)

1966        Edward F. Knipling (d.2000 at 91) won the National Medal of Science. He helped develop the radiation method of sterilizing harmful insects to reduce their breeding. The method eliminated the screwworm fly, a livestock threat, in North America.
    (SFC, 3/20/00, p.A21)

1966        The Nobel prize in medicine was awarded to Dr. Charles B. Huggins (1902-1997) for research on the relationship between hormones and cancers of the prostrate and breast.
    (SFC, 1/16/97, p.C4)
1966        Robert Mulliken (b.1896), US chemist, physicist won the Nobel Prize.
    (SC, 6/7/02)
1966        S.Y. Agnon (1888-1970), Jewish writer, shared the Nobel Prize in Literature with Nelly Sachs, a German-born Swede.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/agnon.htm)(AP, 10/8/09)

1966        The UN set up an Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to promote industrial development in the Third World.
    (SFC,2/17/97, p.A14)

1966        The UN endorsed the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It took effect in 1976. The US ratified the treaty but exempted itself from a provision that banned the execution of those under 18.
    (MT, Dec. '95, p.16)(SFC, 10/6/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 10/8/00, Z1 p.4)

1966        Pres. Johnson gave Waterloo, NY, the distinction of holding the 1st Memorial Day on May 5, 1866. On Apr 13, 1862, volunteers led by Sarah J. Evans paid homage to the graves of Civil War soldiers in the Washington area.
    (SFC, 5/26/03, p.A2)
1966        Pres. Johnson named Lim Poon Lee as postmaster of San Francisco. To date this was the highest federally appointed position ever held by a Chinese American.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.C3)

1966        US draft calls for Vietnam were raised 10x and students on campuses across the country protested.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1966)   

1966        The US sent in the Green Berets to help “train" the Guatemalan armed forces in counter-insurgency techniques.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)

1966        The US tested biological weapons in Texas. This was not disclosed until Mar 18, 1981.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1966        The US Cuban Readjustment Act granted any Cuban who reached American soil the right to stay.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A15)

1966        The American government extended the 1933 Regulation Q. Ceiling rates effectively constrained the rates paid by commercial banks and thrifts on at least some categories of their deposit liabilities. It encouraged investors to hold a lot of their dollars offshore.
    (http://tinyurl.com/dm5vh4)(Econ, 12/19/09, p.125)

1966        The US Congress passed the Uniform Time Act and created 8 time zones for the US and its territories. This made daylight saving time (DST) permanent, but allowed states to opt out. In 2005 Michael Downing authored “Spring Forward," a history of DST.
    (WSJ, 3/31/05, p.D8)(SFC, 4/5/06, p.G8)

1966        NASA was spending 4.4% of the American government’s budget providing jobs for some 400,000 people.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.90)

1966        The US National Historic Preservation Act was passed to preserve historic landmarks.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, p.T5)(Arch, 11/04, p.4)

1966        The National Park Service designated Oglethorpe’s center of Savannah a Registered National Landmark of 1,100 buildings.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.T4)

1966        M-80 firecrackers were made illegal in the US.
    (SFC, 1/26/99, p.A3)

1966        The US government established safety standards for the auto industry that included seat belts, warning flashers and head restraints.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1966        NORAD, the North American Aerospace Defense Command, opened its Cheyenne Mountain complex in Colorado.
    (SFC, 11/16/98, p.A3)

1966        The US nuclear arsenal peaked at 30,000 weapons.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.E6)

1966        Walter Hickel (1919-2010) upset 2-term Democratic Gov. William Egan to become governor of Alaska. In 1969 Hickel was named secretary of the interior under Pres. Nixon.
    (AH, 10/04, p.42)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C8)

1966        Alfred Peet (1920-2007) opened Peet's Coffee and Tea on Vine St. in Berkeley. He expanded to 5 shops and sold the operation in 1979. Baldwin and Bowker of Starbucks then acquired Peet's in 1983.
    (SFEM, 8/1/99, p.8)(SFC, 9/1/07, p.C2)
1966        Jerry Varnado and Jimmy Garrett organized the first Black Student Union at San Francisco State Univ.
    (SFC, 2/1/10, p.A10)
1966        In San Francisco the 43 story tower at 44 Montgomery St., designed by architect John Graham, was completed.
    (SSFC, 8/12/12, p.C2)
1966        In Los Angeles the 19-story Century Plaza Hotel, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, was completed. In 2009 the National Trust for Historic Preservation placed it on its list of most endangered historic places.
    (SFC, 4/29/09, p.B4)
1966        The SF Bay Guardian was founded by Bruc Brugmann and his wife, Jean Dibble. They ran it until 2012 when it was acquired by San Francisco Media. The last issue of the Bay Guardian was publisjhed on Oct 15, 2014.
    (SFC, 10/15/14, p.A15)
1966        California Congressman from Sacramento John E. Moss (1915-1997) fathered the Federal Freedom of Information Act. He served in Congress from 1952-1979.
    (SFC,12/5/97, p.A22)
1966        In Berkeley, Ca., police raided the first lab of Owsley Stanley and confiscated a substance they said was methedrine. It turned out to be something else and Owsley sued for the return of his lab equipment. It was later estimated that his Bear Research Group made 1.25 million doses of LSD between 1965-1967, essentially seeding the psychedelic movement. During this period he also served as the sound engineer for the Grateful Dead. In the 1980s he moved to northern Australia.
    (SFC, 7/12/07, p.A13)
1966        Lake Davis was created in Plumas County, Ca., following the completion of a reservoir dam.
    (SFC, 9/26/07, p.A13)
1966        The San Francisco Board of Supervisors vote 6-5 to reject state plans for the Panhandle and Golden Gate freeways.
    (SFC, 10/5/19, p.C2)
1966        The Wah Ching, an organized crime group, began as a Chinese street gang in San Francisco. It went on to develop into a criminal organization, with alleged multi-international crime connections. In the late 80s the Wah Ching, with ties to Hong Kong triads, invested illegal income into legitimate businesses such as video importing and film-leasing. Members of the gang gained control over videocassette libraries and extorted merchants to lease their tapes.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wah_Ching)
1966        In San Francisco Iranian-born topless star Yvonne D’Angers (21) chained herself to the Golden Gate Bridge to protest her threatened deportation. In 2009 Yvonne Boreta (64), accomplished painter and model died in Las Vegas. In 1965 D’Angers, her stage name, was a star witness in a trial over the legality of topless waitresses.
    (SSFC, 6/14/09, p.B3)
1966        Robert Mondavi and his son Michael started the Robert Mondavi Winery in Oakville, the first new winery in California since Prohibition. Mondavi had left the Charles Krug Winery in 1965 following a dispute with relatives.
    (USAT, 6/17/98, p.2D)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.E7)
1966        Cesar Chavez led a United Farm Worker’s (UFW) march from Delano, Ca. The UFW merged with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in this year.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.10)(SFC, 11/11/99, p.D2)
1966        Ronald Reuther (d.2007) took over as director of the SF Zoo. He left in 1973 to direct the Philadelphia Zoo. His uncle Carey Baldwin had directed the SF Zoo for 23 years. He and his children helped nurse a sickly baby gorilla, named Koko (b.1971), back to health. Months later he gave Stanford graduate student Penny Patterson permission to work with Koko.
    (SFC, 10/25/07, p.B7)(www.koko.org/world/signlanguage.html)

1966        In Florida the city of Weeki Wachee, located about 50 miles north of Tampa, was founded to help put the Weeki Wachee mermaid attraction at a state park onto maps and road signs. The mermaids at Weeki Wachee State Park have been a staple of Florida tourism since 1947. On June 9, 2020, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis signed legislation dissolving the city.
    (AP, 6/10/20)

1966        Lester Maddox (d.2003) ran for governor of Georgia against incumbent Howard H. Callaway. The legislature voted 182-66 to give Maddux the governor's job after neither received a majority.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 5A)
1966        Shirley McBay (1935-2021) became the first Black person to receive a doctorate from the Univ. of Georgia. Her degree was in mathematics.
    (SSFC, 12/19/21, p.F8)

1966        In Hawaii Aloha Friday, a tradition of wearing Hawaiian fashion, became official.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.A12)

1966        In Michigan the Giant Uniroyal Tire was put on display off I-94 in Allen Park. The 80-foot tire had debuted in the 1964-1965 NYC world’s Fair as a Ferris wheel with 24 barrel-shaped gondolas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniroyal_Giant_Tire)(SFC, 5/26/15, p.D1)

1966        A shooting at a bar in Paterson, New Jersey, left three white victims dead; witnesses said the two men who killed them were Black. John Artis (d.2021) and Rubin “Hurricane" Carter (d.2014) were each sentenced to three life terms after being convicted by an all-white jury based mainly on the testimony of two thieves who later recanted. Bob Dylan co-wrote the song “Hurricane," which he performed on his Rolling Thunder Revue tour in 1975. Artis was paroled in 1981. In 1985, US District Judge H. Lee Sarokin threw out the convictions, writing that the prosecution had been “predicated upon an appeal to racism rather than reason, and concealment rather than disclosure." In 1974 "Hurricane: The Miraculous Journey of Rubin Carter" by James S. Hirsch was published. In 1991 "Lazarus and the Hurricane: The Freeing of Rubin "Hurricane" Carter" by Sam Chaiton and Terry Swinton was published. A 1999 film was made based on Carter's story.
    (WSJ, 12/31/99, p.W1)(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.7)(AP, 11/13/21)

1966        John V. Lindsay (d.2000) began serving as mayor of NYC. His 2 terms were marked by strikes, racial divisions, fiscal problems and the alienation of the city’s white working and middle classes.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A31)
1966        NYC Banker Edmund Safra (d.1999) founded the Republic National Bank. The bank gave away televisions and home appliances to draw new deposits.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A15)
1966        The Brooklyn Navy Yard closed down. 12,000 jobs were lost overnight.
    (Econ 7/15/17, p.26)

1966        In St. Paul, Minn. Richard M. Schulze and business partner James Wheeler opened Sound of Music, an audio specialty store. The business was renamed Best Buy in 1983. Schulze served as CEO until 2002. He resigned as chairman in 2012 after it was disclosed that he was aware of the CEO’s affair with an employee and did not disclose it to the board.
    (SSFC, 4/15/12, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_Buy)(SFC, 5/15/12, p.D3)

1966        South Carolina passed a law banning tattoo parlors.
    (WSJ, 7/22/02, p.A1)

1966        Blacks burned their ghettoes in Cleveland and Chicago.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1966)

1966        Stokely Carmichael raised his fist in a new sign of Black Power.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1966)

1966        Edward Brooke became the first black US Senator.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1966)

1966        During a fishing retreat Robert O. Anderson, head of Atlantic Refining Co., sealed a merger deal with the head of Richfield Oil Corp., creating the Atlantic-Richfield Co. (ARCO).
    (WSJ, 12/8/07, p.A7)

1966        Nabisco introduced a cheese spread in an aerosol can under the name Snack Mate. It later became part of Kraft and sold as Cheeze Whiz in a can.
    (SFC, 1/31/08, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easy_Cheese)

1966        The bar code, a method of automatic identification and data collection, was first used commercially. It was soon realized that there would have to be some sort of industry standard set. By 1970 the Universal Grocery Products Identification Code or UGPIC was written by a company called Logicon Inc.

1966        Joseph Weizenbaum of MIT published a comparatively simple program called ELIZA, named after the ingénue in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion, which performed natural language processing. It was driven by a script named DOCTOR and was capable of engaging humans in a conversation which bore a striking resemblance to one with an empathic psychologist.

1966        Robert W. Taylor (1932-2017) began working at the Pentagon for the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). He quickly called for the agency’s three computers to be able to intercommunicate. His idea led to Arpanet, the forerunner of the Internet.
    (SSFC, 4/16/17, p.C10)
1966        Hewlett-Packard introduced its first computer, the HP 2116A. The 9,000 person company had sales of around $200 million.
    (SFC, 3/3/99, p.A11)
1966        Hewlett-Packard developed the first commercially available light-emitting diode (LED).
    (SFC, 8/31/09, p.D1)
1966        Texas Instruments introduced its 1st hand-held calculator based on the integrated circuit developed by Jack Kilby in 1958.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)
1966        John Linville (1919-2011), a Stanford engineering professor, patented his first version of the Optacon, a device to help blind people read. In 1970 he co-founded Telesensory Systems Inc., to manufacture and distribute the device worldwide.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.C4)

1966        American Tobacco began to diversify into consumer goods and changed its name to American Brands.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1966        Lonnie Pilgrim took over Texas-based Pilgrim’s Pride. In 1986 he took the chicken company public.
    (WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A1)

1966        Studebaker went out of business after its 1966 Avanti model. The South Bend, Indiana, company began manufacturing automobiles in 1902. John Mohler Studebaker was born in 1833 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and in 1858 joined his two older brothers in a South Bend firm producing wagons. The company went on to become the world’s largest producer of farm wagons and carriages, coining the slogan: "Always give more than you promise. From the 1920s until its closing, Studebaker was a leader in styling and engineering.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)(HNQ, 1/21/02)

1966        The first “Botts dots," highway lane markers, were installed in California in 1966. They were invented by Elbert Botts (1893-1962), Caltrans chemist.
    (SFC, 1/18/97, p.A15)

1966        The American Medical Assoc. (AMA) first published the CPT codes (Common Procedural Terminology) used to match payment information with medical procedures.
    (WSJ, 8/25/00, p.A1)
1966        The first pancreas transplant was performed in America.

1966        Psychologist Bernard Zuger (d.1998 at 92) began publishing articles that linked effeminacy in boys to adult homosexuality.
    (SFC, 5/12/98, p.A21)

1966        Microbiologist Christopher Hills (1927-1997) co-discovered the natural food base, spirulina, a protein rich plankton.
    (SFC, 2/10/97, p.A20)

1966        Researchers showed how proteins are made from DNA instructions.
    (WSJ, 4/5/01, p.B1)

1966        Andreas Rett, an Austrian doctor, first describe the complex neurological disorder that came to be called Rett’s syndrome. The cause was later found to be a mutation in a gene called MeCP2.
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.90)

1966        Charles Rosen (d.2002) helped create and directed the Artificial Intelligence Center at Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A33)

1966        Occidental Petroleum under Armand Hammer won valuable drilling rights in Libya by bribing a key member of the Libyan royal family.
    (SFC, 1/17/97, p.D7)

1966        Alberto Giacometti (b.1901), Swiss-born sculptor and painter, died. He was a leader of the Surrealist movement and was best known for his stark, skeletal figures evoking alienation and solitude. The Giacometti Association was created in 1989 by his widow, Annette (d.1993), to administer his estate and create a complete guide to his work.
    (WUD, 1994, p.596)

1966        Hans Hofmann (b.1880), abstract artist, died. He was born and raised in Munich, Germany, and lived in Paris from 1904-1914. He moved to the US in 1931. His work included "Furioso," (1963).
    (SFC, 7/31/01, p.B5)(WSJ, 1/15/04, p.D8)

1966        James Kapnek, investor, businessman and rancher, died in Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe). He made a fortune building the country’s first brewery and invested in diamond and copper mining and cattle ranching. 
    (SFC, 7/7/98, p.A20)

1966        Buster Keaton (b.1895), silent film star, died. In 2001 Eleanor Keaton and Jeffrey Vance authored “Buster Keaton Remembered," with 225 photos. In 2005 Edward McPherson authored “Buster Keaton: Tempest in a Flat Hat."
    (AH, 10/01, p.67)(WSJ, 6/10/05, p.W7)

1966        Mina Loy (1882-1966), artist and poet, died. Her poetry included “Love Songs" (1915-1917), and her autobiographical work: “Anglo-Mongrels and the Rose" (1923-1925). In 1996 Carolyn Burke wrote her biography “Becoming Modern: The Life of Mina Loy."
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, BR p.6)

1966        Betty Lou Nichols, a Fullerton (Orange Ct.) artist, made lady head vases. Her creations tended to depict women in the Gay ‘90s style and were painted in periwinkle, plum, mint and other soft colors.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, Z1 p.6)

1966        In Kenilworth, Illinois, Valerie Percy (21), one of the twin daughters of Senator Charles Percy, was murdered during a suspected robbery. No one was ever arrested.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Par p.4)

1966        Ben Chester White (66) was killed with 12 shots from an assault rifle and one shogun blow to the head at Homochito National Forest near Natchez, Miss. In 1999 one of the 3 alleged killers said the killing was orchestrated to bring Martin Luther King to the area for assassination. Ernest Henry Avants was acquitted of the killing in 1967. The jury had not been informed that he had confessed. He was arrested again in 2000 by federal prosecutors.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/8/00, p.A6)

1966        Maxfield Parrish (b.1870), American artist, died. He achieved fame for his murals, advertisements, and book and magazine illustrations.
    (WSJ, 3/27/00, p.A46)

1966        Jazz pianist Bud Powell died (41). He was considered the father of “bebop piano."
    (SFEC, 3/16/97, DB p.42)

1966        Margaret Sanger, the first president of the International Planned Parenthood Federation, died.
    (WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A18)(HNPD, 9/14/98)

1966        Lao She (b.1899), Chinese author, committed suicide. His work included the play “Teahouse" and the novel “Rickshaw Boy."
    (WSJ, 5/10/01, p.A16)

1966        Sophie Tucker, cabaret singer, died. She had appeared in the Ziegfield Follies and had Thomas Edison engineer her first record. Her first film, the 1928 “Honky Tonk," featured the song “The Last of the Red Hot Mommas."
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.E3)

1966        Ed Wynn (b.1886), comedian, died.
    (SFC, 6/1/01, p.C11)

1966        Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (d.2004) became the ruler of Abu Dhabi. In 1971 he founded the United Arab Emirates.

1966        Christian J. Modeste (b.1914), Gypsy king, died in Belgium.

1966        The Copan building in Sao Paulo, Brazil, designed Oscar Niemeyer (b.1907), was completed. Begun in 1953 the massive residential structure shaped like a wave became a South American landmark.
    (AP, 12/12/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Niemeyer)

1966        Calder Publications was convicted of obscenity for publishing Hubert Selby's gritty novel "Last Exit to Brooklyn." The conviction was overturned on appeal, and effectively ended literary censorship in Britain.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Calder)(AP, 8/15/18)
1966        Harold Wilson, PM of Britain, established a convention whereby MPs were exempt from some types of electronic bugging.
    (Econ, 2/9/08, p.62)
1966        Britain leased Diego Garcia, the largest island of the Chagos Archipelago, to the United States and allowed the US to build an air and naval base there. The existing population of around 1,500 was moved to nearby Mauritius and the Seychelles and effectively barred from returning. Many eventually settled in southern England.
    (Reuters, 11/16/16)(Reuters, 9/3/18)
1966         Myra Hindley (d.2002) and her boyfriend, Ian Brady (the Moors Murderers), were sentenced to life in prison for the murders of 10-year-old Lesley Ann Downey and 17-year-old Edward Evans. Brady was also found guilty of killing John Kilbride, 12, and Hindley for sheltering her lover after that murder. The pair confessed in 1987 to murdering Pauline Reade, 16, and Keith Bennett, 12. The serial killings from July 1963 to October 1965 horrified Britain. In 1997 a 13-foot high painting titled “Myra" by Marcus Harvey was displayed at the Royal Academy of Arts. It was created from children’s handprints and based on a mug shot of Myra.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.E5)(AP, 11/16/02)
1966        In England Arthur Jackson wounded 2 tellers and killed a man who tried to stop a bank robbery in the Chelsea section of London.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.E3)
1966        The Hillman Hunter was an automobile produced under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group, a British automobile manufacturer (later Chrysler Europe), from 1966 to 1979.

1966        The National Cameroonian Union formed out of six major parties and becomes the sole legal party.

1966        Toronto, Canada, added an east-west line to its u-shaped north-south track subway system.
    (Econ, 1/4/17, p.30)

1966        Chen Mengjia (b.1911), Chinese poet, oracle-bone scholar and spiritual opponent of the Communist’s simplification of the writing system, committed suicide.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.87)(http://riccilibrary.usfca.edu/search.aspx)

1966        The Brazzaville Treaty became effective after it was ratified by the five member countries: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.

1966        Miguel Angel Rodriguez (b.1940) received his doctorate from UC Berkeley in California. Rodriguez later served as president of Costa Rica from 1998-2002.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A19)

1966        The Czech film “Marketa Lazarova" was directed by Frantisek Vlacil.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, DB p.44)
1966        Film director Jan Nemec (79), a representative of the new wave of Czechoslovak cinema directed "Report on the Party and Guests," targeting totalitarian power.
    (AP, 3/19/16)

1966        Danish motorcycle gangs have been around since this time, when local clubs like the Avengers, Heathens, Hogriders, Pirates, and Pagans began forming.
    (WSJ, 5/24/96, p.A-4)

1966        Joaquin Balaguer defeated Bosch in elections in the Dominican Republic and served as president for 22 of the next 30 years.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)

1966        Oil discovered in Dubai (UAR) provided cash for modernization projects such as the world’s largest man-made harbor at Jebel Ali.
    (Econ, 5/29/04, p.61)

1966        Ludwig Boelkow (d.2003) founded the German "Airbus Studio" that he took with him to the Paris Airshow at Le Bourget, for the first time suggesting a Franco-German, or even a European consortium could build an airliner to rival U.S.-made jets.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
1966        In Germany the Graf Bismarck coal mine in Gelsenkirchen closed down.
    (Econ, 3/31/12, p.63)

1966        In Greece Sotiria Bellou (d.1997), a folksinger who sang in the “rembetiko" style, released a series of records featuring old songs in this style.
    (SFC, 8/28/97, p.C6)
1966        Melina Mercouri, Greek film actress, married American film director Jules Dassin. They settled in Greece.
    (SFC, 4/1/08, p.B7)

1966        In Greenland Camp Century, a US under-ice missile project, was abandoned because the island’s ice cap began to crush the camp.
    (AP, 1/11/18)

1966        Guyana became independent.
    (SFC, 4/1/97, p.A17)

1966        In 2007 researchers said HIV was brought to Haiti by an infected person from central Africa, and then came to the United States in about 1969. The researchers think an unknown single infected Haitian immigrant arrived in a large city like Miami or New York, and the virus circulated for years, first in the US population and then to other nations.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

1966        Bal Thackeray (1926-2012) and 17 others founded Shiv Sena (the army of Shiva) to fight for the downtrodden Hindu indegenes of Maharashtra state.
    (Econ, 11/24/12, p.98)
1966        Azim Premji took over the operations of the Western India Vegetable Product Ltd., later known as Wipro, following the death of his father. Political changes in 1977 banned many imports and allowed him to expand to manufacturing computers and other electronics.
    (WSJ, 9/11/07, p.A16)

1966        In Indonesia right-wing death squads killed as many as 500,000 people in a spasm of anti-Communist violence. Pres. Sukarno was later ousted and replaced by General Suharto and his Golkar Party.
    (SFC, 8/9/96, p.A19)(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A12)(HNQ, 5/21/98)
1966        A team at Cornell Univ. published an influential report on what really happened during the violent takeover of Indonesia, in October 1915. Benedict Anderson (1936-2015), born in China to an Anglo-Irish father and English mother, was part of the team.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benedict_Anderson)(Econ, 5/21/16, p.77)
1966         Malaysia and Indonesia reached a peace agreement and shortly thereafter Indonesia resumed its membership in the UN.
    (HNQ, 5/14/98)
1966        Indonesia’s annual per capita income was $70.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A20)

1966         In Iraq ruler Abdul Salam Arif died mysteriously in a helicopter accident. His brother Abdul Salam Arif took over power.
    (NW, 9/8/03, p.32)

1966        Lesotho in southern Africa gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1966        In Malawi Kamuzu Banda declared Malawi a one-party state.
    (SFC, 11/27/97, p.B8)

1966        In Mexico the Nezahualcoyotl reservoir was completed in southern Chiapas state.
    (SSFC, 10/18/15, p.A5)

1966        Dutch courts prosecuted a blasphemy case putting a novelist on trial for a story about wanting to have sex with God, who had taken the form of a donkey. Gerard Reve was acquitted. The 1932 blasphemy law barred scorn against any religion.
    (AP, 5/24/11)

1966        In northern Nigeria about 10,000 people died in riots following a failed coup led primarily by Igbo army officers. Many fled back to eastern Nigeria ahead of secessionist leader Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu declaring the region and much of Nigeria's oil-producing southern delta its own nation.
    (AP, 3/19/12)

1966        The Asian Development Bank, headquartered in the Philippines, was founded with Japan and America as the biggest shareholders. It was created to recycle the rich world’s surpluses to capital starved Asia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_Development_Bank)(Econ, 5/12/07, p.45)(Econ, 5/30/15, p.38)

1966        The UN applied international sanctions intended to cut off Rhodesia from the rest of the world due to Rhodesia’s (later Zimbabwe) opposition to majority rule.
    (SFC, 11/23/07, p.B14)

1966        The Russian film "Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors" was directed by Sergei Paradjanov and featured in the SF film festival.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, DB p.42)
1966        The Russian film “Andrei Rublev" was made by Andrei Tarkovsky. It was an epic tale based on the story of Rublev, a 15th century icon painter.
    (DVD, Criterion, 1998)
1966        The 7-hour Russian film "War and Peace" was directed by Sergey Bondarchuk.
    (SFC, 5/21/19, p.E1)

1966        In South Africa PM B.J. Vorster (1915-1983) appointed P.W. Botha (1916-2006) as defense minister. In 2010 it was revealed that Botha, as South Africa’s defense minister, asked for nuclear warheads from Israel and that Israel’s defense minister Shimon Peres offered them in 3 sizes.
1966        In South Africa District Six, a multicultural community in Cape Town, was declared an all-white area. Black were allowed to return in 2004.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.T8)(AP, 2/12/04)
1966        Attorney Albie Sachs (b.1935) was ordered by the South African government into exile. He went to England and spent 11 years studying for a Ph.D., and then moved to Mozambique.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, z1 p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albie_Sachs)

1966        South Korean Gen. Choi Hong Hi (1918-2002) founded the Int’l. Taekwon-do Federation. Tae kwan do, a form of self defense that engages the mind and body, combined a Korean martial art, taek kyon, with the Japanese discipline of karate.
    (SFC, 7/2/02, p.A17)
1966        In South Korea the Korean Productivity Center purchased the country’s first computer.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.17)

1966        Master Cheng Yen, a Buddhist nun in Taiwan, founded the Tzu Chi Foundation. Its trained volunteers were taught that charitable givers must thank those they help in person. It began overseas relief work in 1991. By 2008 it had some 10 million supporters with annual donations of $300 million.
    (Econ, 5/31/08, p.47)

1966        Uganda’s traditional kingdoms were banned. They were reinstated in 1993, but President Yoweri Museveni restricted their leaders to a largely ceremonial role to avoid potential political rivals.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

1966        A major earthquake hit Tashkent, capital of Uzbekistan in the USSR.
    (WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A1)

1966        In Vietnam Thich Nhat Hanh founded the Order of Interbeing and embarked on a first trip to the US.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)
1966        North Vietnam accepted an offer by North Korea to send three companies of pilots who would form a regiment equipped with 30 aircraft in total. They were to wear North Vietnamese uniforms and Vietnam would provide the aircraft, facilities and equipment. Only in 2000-2001 was the participation of the North Korean pilots officially acknowledged by Hanoi and Pyongyang.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

1966-1967    The US military tested Agent Orange, Agent Purple and several other powerful defoliants on a small section of the base in Gagetown, New Brunswick, Canada, over seven days in 1966 and 1967.
    (AP, 9/13/07)
1966-1967    Yemen was engaged in civil war. Egypt's Pres. Gamal Abdel Nasser sank his country in a ruinous effort to bolster the Republicans in Yemen's civil war.
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.64)(Econ., 2/29/20, p.38)

1966-1969    Kurt Georg Kiesinger (d.1988), head of the Christian Democratic Union, served as West German chancellor.
    (AP, 11/21/05)

1966-1971    The book: “The Art of the Fillmore: The Poster Series 1966-1971" by Gayle Lemke is a collection of the posters commissioned by Bill Graham Presents for shows at the Fillmore East and West.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.7)

1966-1971    The CBS sitcom “Family Affair" with Brian Keith played on TV.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A16)

1966-1971    “That Girl" with Marlo Thomas and Ted Bissel (1935-1996) ran on TV.
    (SFEC, 10/9/96, C2)

1966-1972    There were no films produced during this time on the Chinese mainland.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.69)

1966-1974    Abba Eban served as Israel’s foreign minister.
    (AP, 11/17/02)

1966-1975    Bill Evans played jazz at the Village Vanguard in New York and his work was secretly recorded by Mike Harris.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, DB p.35)

1966-1976    The period of Mao’s "Cultural Revolution." Scholars later believed that over 1 million people were killed or driven to suicide in China during this period. In 1986 Tang Tsou, Univ. of Chicago Prof., authored "The Cultural Revolution and Post-Mao Reforms: A Historical Perspective." In 2016 Frank Dikotter authored “The Cultural Revolution" A people’s History 1962-1976."
    (SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(SFC, 8/17/99, p.C2)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.44)(Econ, 5/14/16, p.73)

1966-1979    This period marks “generation x", those born as the children of the post WW II baby boomers.
    (Econ, 6/1/13, p.58)

1966-1999    In 1999 Ray Suarez, NPR talk show host, published "The Old Neighborhood" What We Lost in the Great Suburban Migration: 1966-1999."
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.3)

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