Timeline 1964

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1964        Jan 1, Fatah, the Palestinian guerrilla group founded by Yasser Arafat, made its 1st armed attack against Israel. The annual celebration of this day came to be known as Fatah Day.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A8)

1964        Jan 3,  Barry Goldwater announced that he was a candidate for the U.S. Presidency. Later that year he lost ... big time! Lyndon B. Johnson: 43,126,506; Goldwater: 27,176,799.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)

1964        Jan 7, Nicolas Cage, [Coppola], actor (Moonstruck, Racing with the Moon), was born.
    (MC, 1/7/02)

1964        Jan 8, President Johnson declared a "War on Poverty" in his State of the Union address.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

1964        Jan 9, Anti-US rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone, resulting in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and three US soldiers. US forces killed 6 Panamanian students protesting in the canal zone. Violent clashes between Panamanians and American soldiers, which resulted in the deaths of 21 Panamanians and four American soldiers, began when US students’ attempted to raise the American flag at the Canal Zone high school.  An order banning the flying of any flags in front of Canal Zone schools had been issued on December 30, 1963, because of Panamanian sensitivity to US control of the Zone. These events led to attempts to renegotiate the Canal Zone’s status.
    (HN, 1/9/98)(AP, 1/9/99)(HNQ, 6/10/99)
1964        Jan 9, In San Francisco the Civil Service Commission voted unanimously to uphold the firing of Juvenile Probation Officer James A. Forstner, who refusing to shave his beard.
    (SSFC, 1/5/14, DB p.42)

1964        Jan 10, Pres. Johnson held a meeting with Sec. of Defense Robert McNamara after which he approved covert operations against North Vietnam [see Jan 16].
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.9)
1964        Jan 10, The US Post Office released a new stamp showing Texas pioneer Sam Houston with a rifle. Its initial Dec 13 release was withheld due to the assassination of Pres. Kennedy.
    (SSFC, 12/15/13, p.42)
1964        Jan 10, Panama broke ties with the U.S. and demanded a revision of the canal treaty.
    (HN, 1/10/99)
1964        Jan 10, Battles took place between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta.
    (MC, 1/10/02)

1964        Jan 11, Some of Pablo Picasso works that have never been seen before went on exhibit in Toronto.
    (HN, 1/11/99)
1964        Jan 11, US Surgeon General Luther Terry issued “Smoking and Health" the first major government report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health. The US surgeon-general announced that smoking contributes substantially to mortality.
    (WSJ, 4/12/96, p.A-12)(AP, 1/11/98)(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.A1)(Econ, 1/11/14, p.25)

1964        Jan 12, Leftist rebels in Zanzibar, soon joined with Tanganyika to form Tanzania, began their successful revolt against the government. The socialist uprising unseated Sultan Jamshid and was fatal to thousands of Indian and Arabian gentry.
    (AP, 1/12/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C12)

1964        Jan 16, The musical "Hello, Dolly!," starring Carol Channing, opened on Broadway at the St. James Theater, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
    (AP, 1/16/98)
1964            Jan 16, Pres. Johnson approved OPLAN 34A-64, calling for stepped up infiltration and covert operations against North Vietnam to be transferred from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to the military."

1964        Jan 17, The PLO charter was put together with articles that proclaimed Israel an illegal state and pledged "the elimination of Zionism in Palestine." The PLO was founded in Egypt. Fatah became the core group of the PLO.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A18)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(SFC, 11/11/04, p.18)

1964        Jan 18, Beatles 1st appeared on Billboard Chart at #35 for "I Want to Hold Your Hand."
    (MC, 1/18/02)
1964        Jan 18, Plans were disclosed for the World Trade Center in NYC. It was commissioned in 1962 to Minoru Yamasaki.
    (HN, 1/18/99)(WSJ, 12/2/03, p.D10)

1964        Jan 21, Carl T. Rowan was named the director of the United States Information Agency (USIA).
    (HN, 1/21/99)

1964        Jan 22, World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) was manufactured in Wisconsin.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1964        Jan 23, Arthur Miller's "After the Fall," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 1/23/02)
1964        Jan 23, The 24th amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the poll tax in federal elections, was ratified.
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1964        Jan 25, Beatles 1st US #1, "I Want to Hold your Hand."
    (MC, 1/25/02)

1964        Jan 26, Eighty-four people were arrested in a segregation protest in Atlanta.
    (HN, 1/26/99)

1964        Jan 27, In San Francisco the California Meat Co. and its 50 butchers moved from its 2-story building at Montgomery and merchant to a modern building at 750 Brannan.
    (SSFC, 1/26/14, DB p.42)

1964        Jan 28, The Soviets downed a U.S. jet over East Germany killing three.
    (HN, 1/28/99)

1964        Jan 30, The United States launched Ranger 6 from Cape Canaveral. It was an unmanned spacecraft carrying six television cameras that was to crash-land on the moon.
    (AP, 1/30/98)(HN, 1/30/99)

1964        Jan 31, A US report, "Smoking & Health," connected smoking to lung cancer.
    (MC, 1/31/02)

1964        Jan, The Beatles made their North America TV debut on the Jack Paar Show. [see Feb 9, 1964]
    (SFC, 1/28/04, p.A1)
1964        Jan, Bob Dylan released his 3rd album "The Times They Are A-Changing." In 1996 he sold rights to the Bank of Montreal for its marketing campaign.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C12)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A3)
1964        Jan, A huge storm hit California. [This scenario was repeated in 1997 when a Jan. storm in California was followed by heavy flooding in the Ohio Valley in March]
    (SFC, 1/10/97, p.A21)
1964        Jan, Mary Sullivan (19) was raped and strangled in her Boston apartment. In 2001 there was evidence that she was not killed by Albert DeSalvo, the suspected Boston Strangler. In 2013 DNA evidence linked DeSalvo to Sullivan’s slaying.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.A2)(SFC, 7/12/13, p.A10)

1964        Feb 1, Top hits included: Anyone Who Had a Heart: Dionne Warwick; Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um: Major Lance; Stop and Think It Over: Dale and Grace.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1964        Feb 1, Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tried to ban "Louie Louie" for obscenity.
    (MC, 2/1/02)
1964        Feb 1, President Lyndon B. Johnson rejected Charles de Gaulle's plan for a neutral Vietnam.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1964        Feb 3, "Meet the Beatles" album went Gold.
    (MC, 2/3/02)

1964        Feb 6, Cuba blocked the water supply to Guantanamo Naval Base in rebuke of the United State's seizure of four Cuban fishing boats and fines on Cuban fishermen near Florida. The US imposed water rationing and built desalination plants in response.
    (HN, 2/6/99)(SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A7)
1964        Feb 6, Paris and London agreed to build a rail tunnel under the English Channel.
    (HN, 2/6/99)
1964        Feb 6, The WSJ reported that a group at Wayne State Univ. had begun a movement to "stamp out the Beatles." The group was actually from the Univ. of Detroit.
    (WSJ, 2/5/99, p.B1)

1964         Feb 7, The British band The Beatles began their first American tour as they arrived at New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, where they were greeted by 25,000 screaming fans.
    (SFEM, 3/9/96, p.35)(AP, 2/7/97)(HN, 2/7/99)
1964        Feb 7, Baskin-Robbins introduced Beatle Nut ice cream.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1964        Feb 8, Peter Shaffer's "Royal Hunt of the Sun," premiered in London.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1964        Feb 9, The Beatles made their first live American television appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show." [see Jan, 1964]
    (AP, 2/9/99)
1964        Feb 9, The U.S. embassy in Moscow was stoned by Chinese and Vietnamese students.
    (HN, 2/9/97)
1964        Feb 9, In Britain Maria Callas sang in a live production of Puccini's Tosca produced at Covent Garden by Franco Zeffirelli. It was later made available on video.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, DB p.58)

1964        Feb 11, Sarah Palin, later governor of Alaska, was born in Sandpoint, Idaho. After 3 months her family moved to Alaska. In 2008 Sen. John McCain named her as his vice-presidential running mate.
    (SFC, 8/30/08, p.A6)
1964        Feb 11, The Beatles 1st live appearance in US was in the Washington,  DC Coliseum. It was filmed by CBS.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)
1964        Feb 11, Cambodian Prince Sihanouk blamed the U.S. for a South Vietnamese air raid on a village in his country.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1964        Feb 12, The Beatles played 2 shows at Carnegie Hall.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)

1964        Feb 15, Beatles' "Meet the Beatles!," album went #1 & stayed #1 for 11 weeks.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1964        Feb 15, Bill Bradley scored 51 points for Princeton.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1964        Feb 15, Goethe Link Observatory discovered asteroid #2417 McVittie & #3717.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1964        Feb 16, The Beatles made their 2nd appearance on the "Ed Sullivan Show" from the Deauville Hotel in Miami.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)

1964        Feb 17, The Supreme Court ruled in Westberry vs. Sanders that  congressional districts within each state had to be roughly equal in population. Boundaries would need to be redrawn after every census.
    (AP, 2/17/98)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.33)

1964        Feb 18, Muriel Resnik's "Any Wednesday," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1964        Feb 18, The Beatles visited Cassius Clay in training for his match with heavyweight champion Sonny Liston.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)
1964        Feb 18, The U.S. cut military aid to five nations in reprisal for having trade relations with Cuba.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1964        Feb 23, The Beatles' 3rd TV appearance on the Ed Sullivan show, taped in NYC 2 weeks earlier, aired.
    (SFC, 3/6/04, p.D17)
1964        Feb 23, The U.S. and Britain recognized the new Zanzibar government.
    (HN, 2/23/98)

1964        Feb 25, Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) became world heavyweight boxing champion by defeating Sonny Liston in Miami Beach.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1964        Feb 26, Lyndon B. Johnson signed a tax bill with $11.5 billion in cuts. It was initially proposed by Pres. Kennedy in Dec, 1962. It slashed the top marginal income tax rate to 70% in 1965 from 91% in 1963.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A14)(HN, 2/26/98)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.W15)

1964        Feb 27, "What Makes Sammy Run?" opened at 84th St Theater in NYC for 540 performances.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1964        Feb 29, President Lyndon B. Johnson revealed that the U.S. secretly developed the Lockheed A-11 jet fighter.
    (HN, 2/29/00)

1964        Feb, Yuri Nosenko (1927-2008), Soviet KGB officer, defected under CIA guidance in Geneva. He had begun passing information in June, 1962. He was incarcerated for his first 3 years in the US and settled there under a new name in 1969.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.101)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Nosenko)
1964        Feb - 1964 Mar, Hasbro launched the G.I. Joe action figure debuted as a popular American toy at the annual toy fair in NYC.
    (SFC, 7/10/04, p.F11)(SFC, 2/7/14, p.A12)

1964        Mar 1, In San Francisco demonstrations began at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel over racial hiring practices.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.A1)

1964        Mar 2, Beatles began filming "A Hard Day's Night."
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1964        Mar 3, In San Francisco two days after protests at the Palace Hotel, demonstrators gathered to protest the hiring practices of the Cadillac salesroom on Van Ness. Student activist, Terence Hallinan, was arrested in a 2-day of protest against racial discrimination in hiring at the Sheraton Palace Hotel.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.6)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.27)

1964        Mar 4, Jimmy Hoffa was convicted of jury tampering.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1964        Mar 8, Malcolm X left the Black Muslim Movement. [see Mar 12]
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1964        Mar 9, The US Supreme Court, in its New York Times v. Sullivan decision, ruled that public officials who charged libel could not recover damages for defamatory statements related to their official duties unless they proved actual malice on the part of the news organization.
    (AP, 3/9/04)
1964        Mar 9, A group of 5 Lakota (Sioux) Native Americans occupied Alcatraz Island in a peaceful protest. They declared that it should be a Native American cultural center and university.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.7)(G, Summer ‘97, p.4)
1964        Mar 9, The first Ford Mustang rolled off the Ford assembly line.
    (HN, 3/9/98)
1964        Mar 9, The London Fisheries Convention was signed in relation to fishing rights across the coastal waters of Western Europe. The agreement was largely superseded to the Common Fisheries Policy (the CFP) of 1970, as all parties are members of the European Union.

1964        Mar 12, Malcolm X resigned from Nation of Islam. [see Mar 8]
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1964        Mar 13, In a notorious case 38 residents of a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens reportedly failed to respond to the cries of Kitty Genovese (28), a gay woman, as she was being stabbed to death. Winston Mosely was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison. In  2014 Kevin Cook authored “Kitty Genovese: The Murder, the Bystanders, the Crime That Changed America." Here he refutes the story of 38 witnesses and details the what happened.
    (AP, 3/13/97)(AARP Bulletin, 3/14, p. 24)

1964        Mar 14, In San Francisco over 200 demonstrators invaded the Cadillac agency at Van Ness Avenue and O’Farrell over alleged discriminatory hiring practices. Police arrested 166 people and attorney Patrick Hallinan arranged their bail releases.
    (SSFC, 3/9/14, DB p.42)
1964        Mar 14, A jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, the previous November.
    (AP, 3/14/97)

1964        Mar 15, Actress Elizabeth Taylor married actor Richard Burton in Montreal; it was her fifth marriage, his second.
    (AP, 3/15/97)
1964        Mar 15, LBJ asked for a War on Poverty and for Congress to ensure everybody's right to vote. [see Mar 16]
    (MC, 3/15/02)
1964        Mar 15, Cambodia was receiving military aid from Communist China.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1964        Mar 16, LBJ submitted a $1billion war on poverty program to Congress. [see Mar 15]
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1964        Mar 18, Norbert Wiener (b.1894), American mathematician and considered to be the father of cybernetics, died in Stockholm, Sweden.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norbert_Wiener)

1964        Mar 20, Brendan Behan (b.1923), Irish playwright and author, died in Dublin.
    (SSFC, 3/16/14, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brendan_Behan)

1964        Mar 21, Beatles' "She Loves You," single went #1 and stayed #1 for 2 weeks.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1964        Mar 23, The UNCTAD 1 world conference opened in Geneva.
    (SS, 3/23/02)
1964        Mar 23, Peter Lorre (59), actor (Casino Royale), died.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1964        Mar 24, The first Kennedy half-dollar was issued.

1964        Mar 25, Egypt ended a state of siege (1952-64).
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1964        Mar 26, The Broadway hit musical "Funny Girl" premiered with Barbara Streisand as singer Fanny Brice. Jule Styne and Bob Merrill produced the show, which ran at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 1,348 performances
    (AP, 3/26/97)(SS, 3/26/02)(SSFC, 1/18/04, p.A1)
1964        Mar 26, Pres. Johnson signed a document that accepted "pre-delegation authority." It authorized senior military commanders to use nuclear weapons if the US was attacked by nuclear weapons and the president could not be reached. It continued a policy begun by Eisenhower in 1957.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A2)
1964        Mar 26, Singapore began using the Merlion symbol, designed by Alec Fraser-Brunner, a member of the Souvenir Committee and curator of the Van Kleef Aquarium, as the logo of the Singapore Tourism Board (STB) and continued to 1997. The STB changed their logo in 1997, but the STB Act continues to protect the Merlion symbol. The Merlion appears frequently on STB-approved souvenirs.

1964        Mar 27, On Good Friday, Valdez, Alaska, in Prince William Sound was rocked by an 8.6 earthquake, the largest ever recorded in North America. In 1977 seismologists pegged the quake at 9.2. It lasted 4 minutes and was followed by tsunamis and fires and 131 people were killed. Survivors moved 4 miles west to solid bedrock and rebuilt the town.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T5)(SFEC, 4/5/98, Z1 p.8)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/26/99, p.C21)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)(AP, 3/11/11)
1964        Mar 27, In a cable to the US State Department Lincoln Gordon, US ambassador to Brazil, requested a naval task force and deliveries of fuel and arms to the coup plotters "to help avert a major disaster here." US documents declassified in 2004 showed the extent of American willingness to provide aid to Brazil's generals during a coup that ushered in 21 years of often bloody military rule.
    (AP, 4/3/04)
1964        Mar 27, Great Train Robbers were sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1964        Mar 28, Much of Crescent City, Ca., was demolished early today by a tsunami generated from the 8.6 earthquake that hit Valdez, Alaska. 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 3/11/11)(SSFC, 3/23/14, DB p.42)
1964        Mar 28, First pirate radio station began to broadcast off the coast of England. Radio Caroline debuted with a combination of rock music and lively disk jockey whose patter played to a huge audience in Great Britain. British authorities, tried unsuccessfully, to shut down the radio station ship. Radio Caroline had become competition to the staid and usually dull British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). [see Dec 23]
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1964        Mar 29, The U.S. planned to add $50 million a year for aid to South Vietnam.
    (HN, 3/29/98)

1964        Mar 30, Tracy Chapman, US singer, songwriter (Freedom Now, I Got a Fast Car), was born.
    (MC, 3/30/02)
1964        Mar 30 John Glenn withdrew from the Ohio race for U.S. Senate because of injuries suffered in a fall.
    (AP, 3/30/97)
1964        Mar 30, The original version of the TV game show "Jeopardy!" premiered on NBC. Merv Griffin (1925-2007) created the TV game show “Jeopardy." He sold the rights for the show to Coca-Cola for $250 million in 1986. The show was hosted by Art Fleming until 1975. It resurfaced in syndication in 1984 with Alex Trebek as host.
    (SFC, 8/13/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/15/07, p.D12)(AP, 3/30/08)

1964        Mar 31, In Brazil a coup was put in motion and was over by April 4, when Pres. Goulart fled to exile in Uruguay. The entire episode was bloodless.
    (AP, 4/3/04)

1964        Mar, George E. Reedy (d.1999) replaced Pierre Salinger as press secretary to Pres. Johnson. Reedy published a memoir on Johnson in 1982.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.22)

1964        Spring, Heavy flooding hit along the valley of the Ohio River.
    (IS, 3/6/97, p.A12)

1964        Apr 2, A military coup in Brazil by Gen. Humberto Castello Branco ousted Pres. Joao Goulart and altered the traditional power structure. Gen'l. Golbery do Couto e Silva was a leader in the coup. Business interests led by Jorge Oscar de Mello Flores (d.2000 at 88) supported the military coup.
    (WSJ, 12/4/95, p.A-9)(WSJ, 7/7/99, p.A17)(SFC, 8/3/00, p.D2)(MC, 4/2/02)

1964        Apr 3, Stuart Anderson (1922-2016) founded the Black Angus chain of restaurants with the first one opening in Seattle. The first steak dinners sold for $2.99. The chain was sold in 1972. By 2016 there were some 45 Black Angus Steakhouse, mostly in California.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Angus_Steakhouse)(SFC, 6/10/16, p.E5)

1964        Apr 5, Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur (b.1880) died in Washington, D.C. In 1978 William Manchester authored: "American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur." In 2006 Robert Harvey authored “American Shogun: A Tale of Two Cultures," which includes a biography of Japan’s Emp. Hirohito in parallel with MacArthur.  
    (AP, 4/5/97)(BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(WSJ, 8/3/06, p.D5)
1964        Apr 5, 1st driverless trains ran on the London Underground.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1964        Apr 7, IBM introduced its innovative System/360, the company's first line of compatible mainframe computers that gave customers the option of upgrading from lower-cost models to more powerful, expensive ones.
    (AP, 4/7/04)

1964        Apr 11, The Bangladesh Observer (East  Pakistan) reported that as many as 500 people may have died as a tornado destroyed villages in the Narail and Magura regions of Jessore.

1964        Apr 13, Sidney Poitier became the first black performer in a leading role to win an Academy Award Oscar for best actor for the movie "Lilies of the Field." In the 36th Academy Awards "Tom Jones," Sidney Poitier & Patricia Neal won.
    (AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)
1964        Apr 13, Ian D. Smith became premier of Rhodesia. Smith was Premier of the British Colony of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11 Nov 1965) and Prime Minister of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov 1965 - 1 Jun 1979).
    (SFC, 5/15/00, p.A14)(MC, 4/13/02)

1964        Apr 14, Rachel L. Carson (56), American biologist, author (Silent spring), died. She raised public awareness of environmental pollution and ecological issues with a number of best-selling books--notably Silent Spring (1962). In 1997 Linda Gear wrote the biography: "Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature." In 2012 William Souder authored “On a Farther Shore: The Life and Legacy of Rachel Carson."
    (SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.3)(HNQ, 4//01)(SSFC, 9/2/12, p.F4)

1964        Apr 15, Virginia’s Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel opened top northbound traffic with two tunnels and four man-made islands. It stretched 20 miles from Virginia Beach and Norfolk to Virginia’s eastern shore. A parallel span was added in 1995.
    (SFC, 3/1/14, p.D1)(http://www.cbbt.com/facts.html)

1964        Apr 17, Ford Motor Company unveiled its new Mustang model at the New York World’s Fair. The base price was $2,368. Donald Frey (d.2010 at 86), spearheaded the design and development of the car. Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1964 Mustang as the number 1 favorite car.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 3/30/10, p.C3)
1964        Apr 17, Jerrie Mock (1925-2014) became the first woman to complete a solo airplane flight around the world. Her journey had begun on March 19 from Columbus, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D4)

1964        Apr 18, Ben Hecht (71), playwright (Child of the Century), died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1964        Apr 19, There was a rightist coup in Laos. Suvanna Phuma remained premier.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1964        Apr 20, August Sander (b.1876), German photographer, died. He attempted to make a complete portrait survey of 20th century German society. His “Face of Our Time," a volume of 60 photographs, was published in 1929.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Sander)(WSJ, 6/3/04, p.D8)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.74)
1964        Apr 22, President Johnson opened the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair in Queens. It featured the futuristic Unisphere and a house made of formica. Ken Kesey and 14 Merry Pranksters drove to the fair in a 1939 Int’l. Harvester school bus with Neal Cassidy driving. The trip was immortalized in "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test" by Tom Wolfe in 1968.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(AP, 4/22/97)(SFEM, 2/22/98, p.34)(WSJ, 1/22/99, p.W10)(SFC, 1/21/14, p.A1)
1964        Apr 22, At the opening of the New York World’s Fair in Queens the Vermersch family from Belgium introduced Belgian waffles, topped with fresh whipped cream, powdered sugar and sliced strawberries. They had first served the treat two years earlier at the 1962 World's Fair in Seattle, and for years after they made the waffles at the annual New York State Fair in Syracuse. But it was at the 1964 event in New York City that the waffles became a sensation.
    (AP, 4/21/14)
1964        Apr 22, The islands of Zanzibar and Pemba joined the former British colony of Tanganyika to form the republic of Tanzania. Zanzibar consists of the Pemba and Unguja islands. It has its own president and legislation but also votes in the Tanzanian presidential and National Assembly elections.
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A1)(WUD, 1994, p.1453)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)(MC, 4/22/02)

1964        Apr 23, Houston Colt 45s Ken Johnson became the 1st major league pitcher to lose a 9 inning no-hitter, Reds win 1-0.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1964        Apr 26, Popular music of the day included: "Can’t Buy Me Love" by The Beatles; "Twist and Shout" by The Beatles; Do You Want to Know a Secret" by The Beatles; and "Understand Your Man" by Johnny Cash.
    (440 Int’l. Internet, 4/26/97, p.1)
1964        Apr 26, The Boston Celtics won an unprecedented 6th consecutive NBA championship. They ran the string to 8 over the next 2 years.
    (440 Int’l. Internet, 4/26/97, p.2)
1964        Apr 26, Paul Joseph Fronczak, the newborn child of Chester and Dora Fronczak was abducted from a Chicago hospital. The mystery seemed solved two years later, when police found an abandoned child who appeared to be the missing boy and returned him to the parents. Genetic tests that were not available in the 1960s revealed in 2013 that it was not him. In 2019 media reports said a man living in rural Michigan may be the missing child.
    (AP, 12/19/19)

1964        Apr, In San Francisco demonstrators waged sit-ins at automobile showrooms and 226 were arrested. The SF sit-ins spread to 50 major cities across the US. A pact was reached between the NAACP and the Motor Car Dealer’s Association to accelerate the hiring of Negroes.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.29)
1964        Apr, Tim Horton (1930-1974), Canadian hockey player, and Jim Charade opened the first Tim Hortons franchise, a coffee and donut shop.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l57srxu)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.38)

1964        May 1, The 1st BASIC program ran on a computer at Dartmouth.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1964        May 2, In Mississippi Charles Moore (19) and Henry Dee (19) were beaten and killed by local members of the Ku Klux Klan. Their mutilated bodies were later found in the Mississippi River while federal authorities searched for civil rights workers Goodman, Chaney and Schwerner. Charles Marcus Edwards and James Ford Seale were arrested for the crime, but neither was tried. In 2007 James Ford Seale (71) was arrested and charged with two counts of kidnapping and one count of conspiracy to commit kidnapping. In 2008 an appeals court ruled that the statue of limitations had expired overturning Seale’s conviction.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/26633038/)(SFC, 7/15/05, p.A5)(AP, 1/25/07)(AP, 1/26/07)

1964        May 5, Separatists rioted in Quebec.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1964        May 6, Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr. Sloan," premiered in London.

1964        May 7, A disturbed man entered the cockpit of a Pacific Airlines flight and killed pilot Ernie Clark (52). All 44 people aboard the Fairchild F-27A died as the plane crashed in San Ramon, Ca.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Air_Lines_Flight_773)(SFC, 10/9/09, p.D12)

1964        May 9, Khrushchev visited Egypt.
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1964        May 10, Victor Pasquale Morabito (45), president and managing owner of the San Francisco 49ers, died of a heart attack. His brother, Anthony J. Morabito, founder-owner of the 49ers, had died of a heart attack between halves of a 49ers-Bears game in 1957.
    (SSFC, 5/11/14, DB p.50)

1964        May 12, The reverse osmosis process for turning seawater and waste-water into potable stuff was patented in San Diego.
    (Econ, 3/31/12, p.42)(www.google.com/patents/US4062782)

1964        May 14, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev joined United Arab Republic President Gamel Abdel Nasser in setting off charges, diverting the Nile River from the site of the Aswan High Dam project.
    (AP, 5/14/04)

1964        May 17, In San Francisco thousands gathered in Golden Gate park to rally against a proposal for a Panhandle Freeway.
    (SSFC, 5/18/14, DB p.50)

1964        May 18, David Frost interviewed Paul McCartney on the BBC.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1964        May 18, The US Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional to deprive naturalized citizens of citizenship if they return to home country for more than 3 years.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1964        May 19, The State Department announced the U.S. embassy in Moscow had been bugged. A network of more than 40 microphones embedded in the walls had been found.
    (AP, 5/19/97)(DTnet, 5/19/97)

1964        May 21, The 1st nuclear-powered lighthouse began operations in the Chesapeake Bay.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1964        May 22, Pres. Johnson (LBJ) presented his “Great Society" speech at the Univ. of Mich.

1964        May 23, In San Francisco 6 people died in a fire at All Hallows Catholic Church. Panic seized some 250 people after a Samoan fire dancer’s pan of gasoline exploded from a cigarette lighter.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, DB p.42)

1964        May 25, In the16th Emmy Awards the winners included the Dick Van Dyke Show, Dick Van Dyke & Mary Tyler Moore.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1964        May 25, Frank Gilroy's "Subject is Roses" premiered in NYC.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1964        May 25, Ground was broken for a new stadium in St Louis.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1964        May 25, Supreme Court ruled that closing schools to avoid desegregation is unconstitutional.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1964        May 25, Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov (92), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1964        May 27, "From Russia With Love" premiered in US.
    (MC, 5/27/02)
1964        May 27, Independent India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, died. In 2003 Judith M. Brown authored "Nehru: A Political Life."
    (AP, 5/27/97)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.82)

1964        May 28, Palestine National Congress formed the PLO in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 5/28/02)
1964        May 28, John Finley Williamson (76), conductor (Westminster Choir), died.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1964        May 30, Leo Szilard (66), Hungarian-US nuclear physicist, died.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1964        May, Pres. Johnson told his national security advisor McGeorge Bundy that he had strong reservations about involvement in the Vietnam war: "It’s just the biggest damned mess that I ever saw."
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A2)
1964        May, Gertrude Kavesh Jones (43) went missing in Mill Valley, Ca. Bruce Jones, her husband (d.1987), reported her missing and soon showed up with a new wife from Tahiti. In 2008 DNA testing identified her bones, found in a shallow grave near her home.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.B1)

1964        Jun 1, The Beatles released the single "Sweet Georgia Brown"/"Take Out Some Insurance On Me Baby."
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1964        Jun 1, The Rolling Stones arrived in the U.S. for the first time, landing at Kennedy Airport in New York. Their first date was at a high school stadium in MA.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)
1964        Jun 1, Dolly Parton spent her first day in Nashville in search of a record deal.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1964        Jun 2, Rolling Stones made their 1st US concert tour debut in Lynn, Mass.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1964        Jun 8, The US Supreme Court ruling in J.I. Case v. Borak allowed private citizens to sue companies to ensure compliance with federal proxy-statement rules.
    (WSJ, 1/14/08, p.R2)(www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1963/1963_402/)

1964        Jun 9, W. Maxwell Aitken (85), Lord Beaverbrook, English Minister of Info, died.
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1964        Jun 10, The U.S. Senate voted to limit further debate on a proposed civil rights bill, shutting off a filibuster by Southern states.
    (AP, 6/10/97)

1964        Jun 12, In South Africa Nelson Mandela, convicted of treason in the Rivonia Trial, was moved into a jail cell on Robben Island. He stayed there until Apr 1982.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A19(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A19)

1964        Jun 15, The US Supreme Court ruled in Reynolds v Sims that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population. Here was announced the principal of one person, one vote.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynolds_v._Sims)(Econ, 12/12/15, p.30)
1964        Jun 15, The last French troops left Algeria.
    (HN, 6/15/98)
1964        Jun 15, The Group of 77 (G-77) was established by 77 developing countries signatories of the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the end of the first session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva.

1964        Jun 18, Georgio Morandi (b.1890), reclusive Italian painter, died in Bologna.
    (WSJ, 11/11/08, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_Morandi)

1964        Jun 19, The Beatles release the EP "Long Tall Sally."
    (DTnet, 6/19/97)
1964        Jun 19, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 survived an 83-day filibuster in the US Senate, and was approved by a vote of 73-27. Pres. Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act that guaranteed the vote for everyone and that prohibited segregation in public places. Sex was added to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and outlawed discrimination on the basis of sex in the labor market.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(LSA, Spg/97, p.19)(AP, 6/19/06)
1964        Jun 19, In SF publicist Davey Rosenberg (1937-1986) persuaded waitress Carol Doda (b.1937) to don a Rudi Gernreich topless bathing suit at the Condor Club. She soon had her size-34 breast injected with silicon, and her bust came to be known as Doda's "twin-44s" and "the new Twin Peaks of SF." Her fame prompted the club to erect a neon sign with blinking nipples that lasted to 1991.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carol_Doda)(SFEC, 8/1/99, DB p.32)(SSFC, 9/11/11, DB p.46)

1964        Jun 20, General William Westmoreland succeeded General Paul Harkins as head of the U.S. forces in Vietnam.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1964        Jun 21, Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman (20), Michael Schwerner (24), and James Chaney (21) disappeared near Meridian, Mississippi. Their car was found burning late in the day. 40 days later their bodies were found buried in an earthen dam near Philadelphia, Miss. 8 Klansman went to prison on federal conspiracy charges but none served more than 6 years, and murder charges were never filed. The event inspired the 1988 film Mississippi Burning. In 2005 Edgar Ray Killen (80) was arrested in Philadelphia, Miss., and convicted of manslaughter in the abduction and killing of the 3 voter-registration volunteers. He was sentenced to three 20-year terms. Billy Wayne Posey (73), a key suspect in the killings, died in 2009. In 2016 federal prosecutors closed their investigation into the killings that remained unsolved. In 2021 sealed materials, dating from 1964 to 2007, became available for viewing by the public at William F. Winter Archives and History Building in Jackson.
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 6/21/97)(HN, 6/21/01)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/16/09, p.A9)(SFC, 6/22/16, p.A1)(AP, 6/27/21)

1964        Jun 23, Henry Cabot Lodge resigned as the U.S. envoy to Vietnam and was succeeded by Maxwell Taylor.
    (HN, 6/23/98)   

1964        Jun 24, The Federal Trade Commission announced that starting in 1965, cigarette manufactures will be required to include warnings on their packaging about the harmful effects of smoking.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1964        Jun 25, President Lyndon Johnson ordered 200 naval personnel to Mississippi to assist in finding three missing civil rights workers.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1964        Jun 26, Beatles released "A Hard Day's Night" album.
    (MC, 6/26/02)

1964        Jun 28, Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1964        Jun 29, Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed after 83-day filibuster in Senate. [see Jul 2]
    (MC, 6/29/02)

1964        Jun, Some 700 young Americans began descending on Mississippi to teach in “freedom schools" and register black voters. In 2010 Bruce Watson authored “Freedom Summer: The Savage Season that made Mississippi Burn and Made America a Democracy."
    (Econ, 6/12/10, p.92)
1964        Jun, It was agreed that the Federation of South Arabia (Aden-South Yemen) would gain independence from Britain in 1968.

1964        The Summer Olympic games were held in Tokyo, Japan.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(StuAus, April '95, p.95)(WSJ, 7/19/96, p.R6)
1964        Bob Hayes (d.2002 at 59), sprinter, won gold medals at the Tokyo Olympics in the 100 meters and 4x100 relay.
    (WSJ, 9/20/02, p.A1)(NW, 9/30/02, p.15)

1964        Jul 1, Pierre Monteux (89), French-US conductor (Concert Bldg Orch), died.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1964        Jul 2, Dave Parsons rocker (Transvision Vamp, Sham 69-That's Life), was born.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1964        Jul 2, Celia Black recorded Beatle's "Its For You" with McCartney on piano.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1964        Jul 2, President Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress. It guaranteed voting rights and equal access to public accommodations and education.
    (AP, 7/2/97)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        Jul 2, Glenn "Fireball" Roberts, biggest NASCAR money winner, died in crash.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1964           Jul 4, The song "I Get Around" by the Beach Boys topped the charts and stayed there for 2 weeks. Sales went on to exceed a million records.
    (DataDragon)(Maggio, 98)(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)

1964        Jul 6, Beatles' film "Hard Day's Night" premiered in London.
    (MC, 7/6/02)
1964        Jul 6, Malawi, a former British protectorate and part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, gained independence.
    (WUD, 1994, p.867)

1964        Jul 10, The Four Tops released "Baby I Need Your Loving" on the Motown label. In 1967 Johnny Rivers also recorded a hit version.

1964        Jul 14, The United States sent 600 more troops to Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1964        Jul 15, The Republican National Convention was held at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca. It elected Barry Goldwater as its presidential candidate. John Chancellor was ejected from the convention for blocking an aisle during a demonstration by the delegates.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(AP, 7/15/97)

1964        Jul 16, In accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Sen. Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona said "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."
    (AP, 7/16/97)(SSFC, 7/13/14, DB p.38)

1964        Jul 18, Riots erupted in the African American communities of NYC and Rochester, NY. The NYC race riot began in Harlem and spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)(MC, 7/18/02)

1964        Jul 21, In Singapore a race riot broke out during a Malay procession marking the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. In the first day of rioting, 23 people were killed and 454 injured.

1964        Jul 22, David Spade, an American actor, comedian and television personality, was born in Birmingham, Michigan. He first became famous in the 1990s as a cast member on Saturday Night Live, and from 1997 until 2003 starred as Dennis Finch on Just Shoot Me!.

1964        Jul 24-27, A race riot took place in Rochester, New York, and 4 people were killed.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1964        Jul 25, Beatles' "Hard Day's Night, A," album went #1 and stayed #1 for 14 weeks.
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1964        Jul 25, There was a race riot in Rochester, NY.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1964        Jul 26, Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund. During the trial a man burst into the courtroom and shot Hoffa 3 times with an air pistol before he [Hoffa?] managed to punch the gunman.
    (AP, 7/26/97)(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A21)

1964        Jul 27, President Lyndon Johnson sent an additional 5,000 advisers to South Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/27/98)

1964        Jul 28, Ranger 7 was launched toward the Moon. It sent back 4308 TV pictures.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1964        Jul 30, US Naval fired on Hon Ngu and Hon Mo in North Vietnam.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1964        Jul 31, The American space probe Ranger 7 transmitted pictures of the moon's surface.
    (AP, 7/31/97)

1964        Aug 1, Beatles' "Hard Day's Night" single went #1.
    (MC, 8/1/02)
1964        Aug 1, Arthur Ashe became the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.
    (HN, 8/1/98)

1964        Aug 2, The Pentagon reported the first of two attacks on U.S. destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. U.S. destroyer Maddox was reportedly attacked by North Vietnamese patrol boats. Later evidence supported claims that the Tonkin Gulf incident was deliberately provoked or was in reaction to American covert operations.
    (AP, 8/2/97)(www.usni.org/navalhistory/articles99/nhandrade.htm#tx17)
1964        Aug 2, There was a race riot in Jersey City, NJ.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1964        Aug 3, Flannery O'Connor (b.1925), novelist and short story writer, died in Georgia of lupus, an incurable, autoimmune disease. In 2009 Brad Gooch authored “Flannery: A Life of Flannery O’Connor."
    (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-498)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.89)

1964        Aug 4, Pres. Johnson ordered an immediate retaliation for the Aug 2 attack on the US destroyer Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin off North Vietnam.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        Aug 4, The destroyers U.S.S. Maddox and Turner Joy allegedly exchanged fire with supposed North Vietnamese patrol boats. At the time it was taken as evidence that Hanoi was raising the stakes against the United States. The destroyers were in effect shooting at false radar contacts. In 2005 it was reported that a secret 2001 report had concluded that the NSA officers deliberately distorted the Aug 4 data to support the belief that North Vietnamese ships attacked American destroyers 2 days after a previous clash.
    (www.usni.org/navalhistory/articles99/nhandrade.htm#tx17)(SFC, 10/31/05, p.A3)
1964        Aug 4, The bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Nashoba County, Mississippi. Schwerner and Goodman were Jewish-Americans from Pelham and New York City respectively and Chaney was a Black from Meridian, Mississippi. The three civil rights workers had disappeared from Philadelphia, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964, not long after they had been held for six hours in the Neshoba County, Mississippi jail on charges of speeding. Their burned car was discovered on June 23rd,  prompting a search by the FBI for the three young men. Their story became the basis for the movie Mississippi Burning, starring Gene Hackman, Willem Defoe and Frances McDormand in 1988. In 2005, on the forty-first anniversary of the crime, Edgar Ray Killen (80) an ordained Baptist minister, was found guilty of three counts of manslaughter.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A12)

1964        Aug 5, US began bombing North Vietnam. Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr. was shot down and captured at Ha Long Bay in Vietnam. Alvarez became the first naval aviator captured by the North Vietnamese and spent eight-and-one-half years in captivity. Alvarez later co-authored two books, writing of his prisoner of war experiences in “Chained Eagle" and “Code Of Conduct."

1964        Aug 6, In Eastern Nevada a bristlecone pine tree, Pinus longaeva, near Wheeler Peak was cut down for scientific study of its age. The tree had been named Prometheus (WPN-114) for its age which turned out to be about 4,900 years.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, Z1 p.1,4)

1964        Aug 7, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces. It allowed the president to use unlimited military force to prevent attacks on U.S. forces. U.S. Senators Wayne Morse of Oregon and Ernest Gruening of Alaska share the distinction of casting the only votes against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on August 7, 1964. The resolution supported President Lyndon Johnson's military actions against North Vietnam in retaliation for its attack on a U.S. spy ship in the Tonkin Gulf. The resolution passed in the House 414-0 and the Senate 88-2. The resolution, which amounted to a declaration of war, was repealed by Congress on January 13, 1971.
    (AP, 8/7/97)(HNQ, 6/24/98)(HN, 8/7/98)
1964        Aug 7, Turkey began an air attack on Greek-Cypriots.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1964        Aug 8, Bob Dylan released his 4th album "Another Side of Bob Dylan."
    (SFC, 9/26/05, C3)(www.ddg.com/LIS/glenn/DYLANWEB.HTM)

1964        Aug 11, Beatles' "A Hard Days Night" opened in NYC.
    (MC, 8/11/02)
1964        Aug 11, There was a race riot in Paterson, NJ.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1964        Aug 12, Charles Ogle, land investor, vanished after flying out of Oakland, Ca., en route to Reno, Nevada.
    (SFC, 9/10/07, p.A1)
1964        Aug 12, There was a race riot in Elizabeth, NJ.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1964        Aug 12, Ian L. Fleming (56), British spy, journalist, writer (James Bond), died. He had recently sold a 51% share of the copyright of his books to Sir Jock Campbell, who chaired the Booker Brothers. In 2000 Fleming’s heirs bought back the copyright to the books.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Fleming)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.90)

1964        Aug 15, A race riot took place in Dixmoor, a suburb of Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1964        Aug 18, South Africa was banned from Olympic Games because of apartheid policies.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1964        Aug 19, The Beatles performed a concert at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca. They played ten songs to a crowd of over 17,000. The Beatles returned there for another concert in 1965.
    (www.rarebeatles.com/photopg7/sf81964.htm)(SSFC, 8/17/14, DB p.42)

1964        Aug 20, President Johnson signed the Economic Opportunity Act, a nearly $1 billion anti-poverty measure.
    (AP, 8/20/07)

1964        Aug 25,  Singapore limited imports from Netherlands due to Indonesian aggression.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1964        Aug 26, President Johnson was nominated for a term of office in his own right at the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, N.J.
    (AP, 8/26/97)

1964        Aug 27, Gracie Allen (b.~1895), TV comedian (Burns & Allen), died in Los Angeles.

1964        Aug 28, Race riots took place in Philadelphia.
    (MC, 8/28/01)

1964        Aug 29, "Funny Thing Happened" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 965 performances.
    (MC, 8/29/01)
1964        Aug 29, Walt Disney’s "Mary Poppins" released.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1964        Aug, A US presidential commission on the future of Alcatraz Island in the SF Bay recommended a proposal by the American Association for the UN that the island be used as the site for a monument commemorating the founding of the UN and as a symbol of peace.
    (SSFC, 8/3/14, DB p.38)

1964        Sep 2, Keanu Reeves, film actor, was born. His films included Chain Reaction, Johnny Mnemonic, Speed, Little Buddha, Bram Stoker’s Dracula, My Own Private Idaho, Parenthood, Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure, Dangerous Liaisons.
    (MC, 9/2/01)
1964        Sep 2, Indonesian paratroopers landed in Malaysia.
    (MC, 9/2/01)

1964        Sep 3, Pres. Johnson signed the Wilderness Act and designated 9 million acres as an area "where the Earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain." It allowed for roadless federal lands to qualify for wilderness protection. In 1999 the act sheltered over 100 million acres. Conservationists stopped a dam in Echo Park in Dinosaur National Monument and persuaded Congress to pass the Wilderness Act to provide permanent protection to wilderness areas.
    (NG, May 1985, p.669)(SFC, 8/6/93, p.C4)(SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)
1964        Sep 3, US attorney general Robert Kennedy resigned.
    (MC, 9/3/01)
1964        Sep 3, In Singapore a second race riot occurred following incidents in July. 13 people were killed and 106 people were injured.

1964        Sep 9, John Osborne's "Inadmissible Evidence," premiered in London.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1964        Sep 10, Palestinian Liberation Army (PLA) formed.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1964        Sep 12, Typhoon Gloria struck Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1964        Sep 14, California’s State Health Advisory Board approved a change in health regulations that enables fathers to be present during the birth of their children.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, DB p.42)
1964        Sep 14, UC Berkeley officials announced a new policy prohibiting political action at the campus entrance at Bancroft Way and Telegraph.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        Sep 14, Pope Paul VI opened the third session of the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, also known as Vatican Two.'' The session closed two months later.
    (AP, 9/14/06)
1964        Sep 14, Vasily Grossman (b.1905), Ukraine-born journalist and writer, died in Moscow. His eyewitness reports of a Nazi extermination camp, following the discovery of Treblinka, were among the earliest accounts of a Nazi death camp by a reporter. His novels included "Stalingrad) (1952) and "Life and Fate" (1960). In 2019 Alexandra Popoff authored Vasily Grossman and the Soviet Century."
    (WSJ, 5/5/07, p.P16)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasily_Grossman)

1964        Sep 15, The TV series “The Tycoon" featured Van Williams and Walter Brennan. The show continued to April 27, 1965.

1964        Sep 16-1964 Oct 20, French Pres. Charles de Gaulle visited South America with stops in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brasil. He was the 1st head of state from outside Latin America to visit Paraguay.
    (http://gaullisme.free.fr/GEChronologie.htm)(Econ, 10/1/05, p.36)

1964        Sep 17, The situation comedy "Bewitched" premiered on ABC-TV.
    (AP, 9/17/99)

1964        Sep 18, U.S. destroyers fired on hostile targets in Vietnam.
    (HN, 9/18/98)
1964        Sep 18, Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (Playboy of Western World), died at 84.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1964        Sep 21, At UC Berkeley United Front held its first rally to protest the banning of political advocacy and information tables on campus.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)
1964        Sep 21, Malta became an independent member of the British Commonwealth.
    (AP, 9/21/97)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.57)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5382.htm)   

1964        Sep 22, The musical "Fiddler on the Roof" opened at Imperial Theater on Broadway, beginning a run of 3,242 performances.
    (AP, 9/22/97)
1964        Sep 22, "Man from U.N.C.L.E," premiered on NBC-TV.
    (AP, 9/22/04)
1964        Sep 22, McGeorge Bundy, the national security advisor, warned Pres. Johnson that a campaign speech was open to a charge of deception. Johnson sought to portray Goldwater as an extremist and claimed strict presidential control of the nuclear arsenal.
    (SFC, 9/2/98, p.A5)

1964        Sep 24, The TV situation comedy "Munsters" premiered on CBS with Al Lewis (d.2006) as the family patriarch.
    (AP, 9/24/04)(SSFC, 2/5/06, p.A2)

1964         Sep 25, The TV show “Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C." debuted with Jim Nabors as Gomer Pyle. The show was directed by Aaron Ruben (1914-2010) and continued to run to 1969.
    (SFC, 2/5/10, p.C7)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0057752/)

1964        Sep 26, "Gilligan’s Island," began its 98-show run on CBS. The show, created by Sherwood Schwartz (1916-2011), followed an unlikely septet of day trippers (on a “three-hour tour," as the theme song explained) who ended up stranded on a desert island.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilligan%27s_Island)(SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)(SFC, 7/13/11, p.C4)(NY Times, 12/31/20)

1964        Sep 27, The Warren Commission, investigating the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, announced that according to its findings Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone as did Jack Ruby in the assassination. Later evidence indicated a Mafia contract killing. In 1965 Harold Weisberg (d.2002) authored "Whitewash: The Report on the Warren Report."
    (WSJ, 5/17/95, p.A-18)(AP, 9/27/97)(HN, 9/27/98)(HC)(SFC, 2/25/02, p.B6)

1964        Sep 28, Harpo [Arthur] Marx, comedian (Marx Bros), died at 75.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1964        Sep 30, UC Berkeley suspended indefinitely five students for manning illegal political advocacy and information tables on campus. 400 students signed statement that they also manned tables.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1964        Sep, The US Joint Chiefs of Staff organized a war game called SIGMA II which attempted to predict how Hanoi and the Viet Cong would react to the Johnson policy of "graduated pressure." It predicted that escalation would erode public support in the US.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.9)
1964        Sep, In northern California the Hanley Fire destroyed more than 100 homes and burned 52,000 acres as it flamed through the dry vegetation of Mark West Canyon and into the outer edges of Santa Rosa.
    (SFC, 10/27/17, p.A1)
1964        Sep, Vermont officials authorized local authorities to remove Romaine Tenney (64) from his farm to make way for an Interstate highway. Mr. Tenney locked himself inside his home and set it on fire. In 2021 the last remaining tree from the historical Romaine Tenney Farm was cut down in Weathersfield. The Romaine Tenney Memorial Park was created    with a $30,000 grant from the Vermont Agency of Transportation.
    (NY Times, 5/27/21)

1964        Oct 1, The Free Speech Movement was launched at the University of California at Berkeley. Mario Savio (1943-1996), UC Berkeley physics student, began the Free Speech Movement to fight prohibitions against students distributing political brochures and other materials such as civil rights. The incident began when police arrested Jack Weinberg for setting up an unauthorized table in Sproul Plaza. Students surrounded the police car in a standoff that lasted 32 hours. In 1998 a Free Speech Movement Cafe was planned. In 2002 Robert Cohen and Reginald E. Zelnik edited "The Free Speech Movement: Reflections on Berkeley in the 1960s."
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.B2)(AP, 10/1/97)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M5)
1964        Oct 1, Ernst Toch (b.1887), Vienna-born composer, died in Los Angeles. He authored “The Shaping Forces in Music." His last stage work “The Last Tale" (1962), was adapted from the well-known plot of One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights).
1964        Oct 1, Japan’s Shinkansen Bullet Train began operation between Tokyo and Osaka.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C5%8Dkaid%C5%8D_Shinkansen)(SFEC, 10/1/00, p.T5)

1964        Oct 2, Scientists announced findings that smoking can cause cancer.
    (HN, 10/2/98)

1964        Oct 3, At UC Berkeley the Untied Front became the Free Speech Movement and protests conitnued sporadically including a major rally on Nov 9.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)
1964        Oct 3-1964 Oct 4, East Berliners dug a 470-foot tunnel, Tunnel 57, to the West and 57 people escaped.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T5)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)

1964        Oct 5, Egon Shultz, an East German border soldier, was shot to death at the site of the escape tunnel. A 1994 report said he was inadvertently killed by another border soldier.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)

1964        Oct 6, Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), died at 85.
    (MC, 10/6/01)

1964        Oct 12, Mary Meyer, lover to John F. Kennedy up to his assassination, was brutally murdered on a walking path by the Potomac River. Her story is told in a 1996 book by John Davis "JFK and Mary Pinchot Meyer: A Tale of Two Murdered Lovers." In 1998 Nina Burleigh authored "A Very Private Woman: The Life and Unsolved Murder of Presidential Mistress Mary Meyer.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.E2)(SFEC, 12/13/98, BR p.4)
1964        Oct 12, The Soviet Union launched a Voskhod space capsule with a three-man crew on the first manned mission involving more than one crew member. Spaceship designer Konstantin Feoktistov (1926-2009), the only non-Communist space traveler in the history of the Soviet space program, traveled aboard the Voskhod as part of the first group space flight in history.
    (AP, 10/12/97)(AP, 11/22/09)

1964        Oct 14, Civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advocating a policy of non-violence.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)
1964        Oct 14, Philips began experimenting with color TV.
    (MC, 10/14/01)

1964        Oct 15, St. Louis Cardinals in their home park beat the New York Yankees in game 7 of Baseball’s World Series (7-5). In 1994 David Halberstam authored “October 1964," an account centered on the series.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/ws/yr1964ws.shtml)(WSJ, 9/24/05, p.P12)
1964        Oct 15, Cole Porter (73), renowned lyricist and composer, died. His work included "Still of the Night," "I've Got You Under My Skin," and hundreds of other classics. Cole Porter music crossed all musical style and format boundaries throughout his long and rich career.
    (MC, 10/15/01)
1964        Oct 15, It was announced that Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev had been removed from office. He was succeeded as premier by Alexei N. Kosygin and as Communist Party secretary by Leonid I. Brezhnev.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(AP, 10/15/97)

1964        Oct 16, The New York Yankees fired manager Yogi Berra one day after their World Series loss to the St. Louis Cardinals.
1964        Oct 16, Harold Wilson (d.1995) of the Labor Party assumed office as prime minister of Britain, succeeding Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home. Wilson’s Labor government took over from Harold MacMillan’s Conservatives. The election was about 13 wasted Tory years and Wilson’s promised “white heat of technology".
    (AP, 10/16/99)(WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)(Econ, 4/29/17, p.42)
1964        Oct 16, Red China detonated its first atomic bomb, codenamed "596," on the Lop Nur Test Ground, and became the world's 4th nuclear power.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(AP, 10/16/07)

1964        Oct 17, In San Francisco some 350,000 people came out for the Columbus Day Parade and to see Pres. Lyndon Johnson.
    (SSFC, 10/12/14, DB p.42)

1964        Oct 20, Herbert Hoover (b.1874), the 31st president of the United States (1929-1933),  died in New York at age 90.
    (AP, 10/20/97)(AH, 12/02, p.20)

1964        Oct 21, The movie musical "My Fair Lady," starring Audrey Hepburn and Rex Harrison, had its world premiere at the Criterion Theater in NYC.
    (AP, 10/21/04)

1964        Oct 22, Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980), French philosopher and novelist, declined the Nobel Prize for Literature.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1269)(HN, 10/22/00)
1964        Oct 22, EMI rejected an audition by "High Numbers," a group that went on to become "The Who."
    (MC, 10/22/01)

1964        Oct 24, Belgian paratroopers liberated 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville (Kisangani, Congo).
    (MC, 10/24/01)
1964        Oct 24, Zambia (N. Rhodesia) gained independence from Britain (National Day).  Pres. Kenneth Kaunda and his National Independence Party ran the country until 1991. The country had fewer than 100 university graduates.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2359.htm)(Econ, 9/17/11, p.48)

1964        Oct 27, Singers Sonny and Cher wed. Cher wore bell-bottoms.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1964        Oct 27, Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye held 60 Americans and 800 Belgians.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1964        Oct 28, Dr. Timothy Leary (44) and Dr. Richard Alper (33), fired from Harvard Univ. for experimenting with LSD, spoke in San Francisco and said two generations hence everyone may be taking LSD weekly to increase their perceptiveness.
    (SSFC, 10/26/14, DB p.42)

1964        Oct 29, In New York City thieves made off with the 565-carat Star of India along with the rare Eagle Diamond, the DeLong Star Ruby and some 20 other precious gems from a collection donated to the American Museum of Natural History by J.P. Morgan. The Star and most of the other gems were later recovered; three men were convicted of stealing them.
    (AP, 10/29/97)(HN, 10/29/98)(NY Times, 10/18/19)
1964        Oct 29, Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922-1999) took office as the first president of Tanzania, a union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

1964        Oct, The 547-foot USS Horne, built at the Hunter’s Point naval shipyard in SF, was launched. It was named after Adm. Frederick J. Horne (d.1959), who played a major role in directing the Navy’s efforts in WW II. It was decommissioned in 1994. In 2008 it was scheduled to be sunk in the Pacific following target practice.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.B1)
1964        Oct, In Sudan the so-called October Revolution centered around a general strike that spread throughout the country. Strike leaders identified themselves as the National Front for Professionals.

1964        Nov 1, The Vietcong assaulted the Bien Hoa airport at Saigon, South Vietnam.
    (MC, 11/1/01)

1964        Nov 2, Faisal ibn Abdul Aziz Al Saud succeeded his older brother Saud bin Abdul Aziz as king of Saudi Arabia.

1964        Nov 3, President Johnson soundly defeated Republican challenger Barry Goldwater to win a White House term as the 36th president. Johnson won over 61% of the vote with 486 electoral votes to Goldwater’s 52.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)(HN, 11/3/98)
1964        Nov 3, Robert Kennedy was elected senator from New York.
    (HN, 11/3/98)
1964        Nov 3, Philadelphia voters approved $25 million to build a new sports stadium.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1964        Nov 4, Lenny Bruce (d.1966), stand up comic, was arrested in NYC at the Cafe au Go Go on obscenity charges for his "bad language." In 2003 Gov. George Pataki granted Bruce a posthumous pardon.
    (WSJ, 5/29/03, p.D8)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)

1964        Nov 5, The Mariner 3 was launched. It failed to reach a trajectory around Mars and ended up in distant orbit around the sun.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A19)

1964        Nov 10, Australia began a draft to fulfill its commitment in Vietnam.
    (HN, 11/10/98)

1964        Nov 11, Murray Schisgal's "Luv," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/11/01)

1964        Nov 13, Pope Paul VI gave a tiara to the poor.
    (MC, 11/13/01)

1964        Nov 14, "Oliver!" closed at Imperial Theater NYC after 774 performances.
    (MC, 11/14/01)
1964        Nov 14, The U.S. First Cavalry Division battled with the North Vietnamese Army in the Ia Drang Valley, the first ground combat for American troops.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1964        Nov 16, Albert Hay Malotte (69), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1964        Nov 18, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover described civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. as "the most notorious liar in the country" for accusing FBI agents in Georgia of failing to act on complaints filed by blacks.
    (AP, 11/18/04)

1964        Nov 20, Regents of UC Berkeley ratified the suspension of eight students, placed students Mario Savio and Art Goldberg on probation and allowed on-campus political advocacy  that doesn’t lead to unlawful activity.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1964        Nov 21, The upper level of New York's Verrazano Narrows Bridge, which connected Brooklyn and Staten Island, was opened. Designed by Swiss émigré Othmar Ammann, it was the world's longest suspension bridge at the time. It was.
    (AP, 11/21/07)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.D8)

1964        Nov 23, "Bajour" opened at the Shubert Theater, NYC, for 232 performances.
    (MC, 11/23/01)
1964        Nov 23, Vatican abolished Latin as the official language of Roman Catholic liturgy.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1964        Nov 24, Residents of Wash DC were permitted to vote for the 1st time since 1800.
    (MC, 11/24/01)
1964        Nov 24, The UC Berkeley Academic Senate defeated a motion to support the position of the Free Speech Movement by a vote of 274-261.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1964        Nov 25, Eleven nations gave a total of $3 billion to rescue the value of the British currency.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1964        Nov 28, Willie Nelson made his debut performance at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, "Leader Of The Pack" by The Shangri-Las peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart; it was parodied into "Leader Of The Laundromat" by The Detergents.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, "You Really Got Me" by The Kinks peaked at #7 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, "Ask Me" by Elvis Presley peaked at #12 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, The US Mariner IV space probe was launched from Cape Kennedy on a course to Mars. It later flew by Mars in Jul 1965 and saw craters but no canals.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(AP, 11/28/97)

1964        Nov 29, The US Roman Catholic Church instituted sweeping changes in the liturgy, including the use of English instead of Latin. [see Nov 23]
    (AP, 11/29/04)

1964        Nov 30, The Russian ZOND 2 Flyby lost contact enroute to Mars.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)

1964        Nov, The US HONETOL committee was formed to look into the question of a mole in the CIA, based on information from Soviet defector Anatoly Golitsin. It was in existence to April 1965, and consisted of James Jesus Angleton, Newton S. Miler and Bruce Solie from the CIA's Office of Security, FBI domestic intelligence chief William C. Sullivan, FBI CIA liaison Sam Papich and two others. The investigations damaged many careers including that of case officer Richard Kovich (1926-2006). In 1992 David Wise authored “Molehunt: The Secret Search for Traitors that Shattered the CIA."
    (http://tinyurl.com/lqo6j)(SFC, 2/27/06, p.B5)

1964        Dec 1, M.L. King spoke to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1964        Dec 1, John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (.1892) British and later Indian, scientist died in India. He is known for his work in the study of physiology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and mathematics. He made innovative contributions to the fields of statistics and biostatistics. In 2020 Samanth Subramanian authored "A Dominant Character: The Radical Science and Restless Politics of J.B.S. Haldane.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._B._S._Haldane)(Econ., 7/18/20, p.69)

1964        Dec 2, Mario Savio made a speech on behalf of the Free Speech Movement that caused hundreds of students to take over Sproul Hall in Berkeley. Gov. Pat Brown ordered police to arrest students occupying Sproul Hall. Police moved in the next day and arrested 780, which prompted a student strike. "There comes a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can’t take part, you can’t even passively take part. And you’ve got to put your bodies on the gears, and upon the wheels, upon the levers, upon all the apparatus, and you’ve go to make it stop."
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A21)(SSFM, 4/29/01, p.13)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        Dec 2, Brazil sent Juan Peron back to Spain, foiling his efforts to return to his native land.
    (HN, 12/2/98)

1964        Dec 3, "Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer" 1st aired on TV.
    (MC, 12/3/01)
1964        Dec 3, California Gov. Edmund Brown sent police from throughout the East Bay to arrest protesters at UC Berkeley and clear Sproul Hall. Police arrested 824 students one day after the students stormed the administration building and staged a massive sit-in as part of the Free Speech Movement. It was the largest mass arrest in US history.
    (AP, 12/3/98)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M5)(SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1964        Dec 4, Some 10,000 people attended a protest rally at Sproul Hall, UC Berkeley, and speakers included Willie Brown and John Burton.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)

1964        Dec 7, UC Pres. Clark Kerr held an unprecedented  campus-wide meeting at the Greek Theater to propose a compromise that fell short of campus free speech demands. Mario Savio attempted to announce an FSM rally to vote on the proposal and was dragged away by police officers.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)(SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)

1964        Dec 8, The UC Academic Senate passed resolutions that affirmed the rights of students to participate in political activity. It voted 842-115 that regulation of speech and advocacy is a function of the state, not the university. The FSM voted to support the faculty position.
    (SFC, 11/7/96, p.A15)

1964        Dec 9, Dame Edith Sitwell (d.1964), English poet, died. "Good taste is the worst vice ever invented." A book of her collected poems was published in 2006. In 2011 Richard Greene authored “Edith Sitwell: Avant Garde Poet, English Genius."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Sitwell)(WSJ, 7/22/06, p.P10)(Econ, 2/19/11, p.94)

1964        Dec 10, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize during ceremonies in Oslo, Norway.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1964        Dec 11, US Postmaster General John A. Gronouski ordered postal inspectors’ observation stations ripped out of the men’s rest rooms of some 5,000 US post offices.
    (SSFC, 12/7/14, DB p.46)
1964        Dec 11, Frank Sinatra Jr. was returned to his parent’s home after being kidnapped for the ransom amount of $240,000.
    (HN, 12/11/98)

1964        Dec 12, Kenya formally became a republic. Its population at this time was about 8 million.
    (SFC, 9/4/97, p.A10)(HN, 12/12/98)(Econ, 1/26/13, p.45)
1964        Dec 12, Three Buddhist leaders began a hunger strike to protest the government in Saigon, South Vietnam.
    (HN, 12/12/98)

1964        Dec 13, In El Paso, Texas, President Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion that diverted the Rio Grande, reshaping the U.S.-Mexican border and ending a century-old dispute.
    (AP, 12/13/04)

1964        Dec 15, Canada's House of Commons approved dropping the "Red Ensign" flag in favor of a new design.
    (AP, 12/15/97)

1964        Dec 18, The UC Regents affirmed that university rules should follow the US Supreme Court decisions on free speech.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)

1964        Dec 21, Britain’s House of Commons voted to ban the death penalty. Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty. The vote was in part due to the country’s unease over the 1953 Bentley hanging
    (SFC, 7/31/98, p.A16) (HN, 12/21/98)

1964        Dec 23, India and Ceylon were hit by a cyclone and 4,850 were killed.
    (MC, 12/23/01)
1964        Dec 23, Rock 'n' Roll Radio- in the guise of Pirate Radio- came to England where one had to listen to the BBC or nothing at all. Pirate Radio was a gallant effort to broadcast commercial radio, which was illegal in Great Britain at that time.
    (MC, 12/23/01)

1964        Dec 24, The U.S. headquarters in Saigon, South Vietnam, was hit by a bomb. Two officers were killed.
    (HN, 12/24/98)

1964        Dec 25, A flood wiped out the town of Klamath in northern California as the Eel River overflowed its banks. The Douglas Memorial Bridge across the Klamath River was made useless. Flooding on the Ell, Klamath and other rivers left 19 people dead.
    (SFEC, 12/5/99, p.T5)(SSFC, 1/25/15, p.D6)

1964        Dec 28, The principal filming of "Dr Zhivago," began.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1964        Dec 30, Edward Albee's "Tiny Alice," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1964        Dec 31, The DJIA ended at 874.1.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.86)
1964        Dec 31, Syrian-based al-Fatah guerrillas of Yasser Arafat launched their 1st raid on Israel with the aim of provoking a retaliation and sparking an Arab war against Israel. Fatah, a Palestinian movement for independence, made the first terror attack on Israel and initiated the armed struggle for a state.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 1/2/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 6/5/02, p.D7)

1964        Dec, Pres. Johnson summoned UC Pres. Clark Kerr and said he wanted to name Kerr as Sec. of Health, Education and Welfare. The FBI came back with a slanted 12-page report that including unsubstantiated damaging allegations.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)

1964        Francis Bacon painted his triptych “Three Studies for a Portrait of Lucian Freud." In 2011 the work sold for $37 million at a London auction.
    (SFC, 2/11/11, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/2b8c44m)
1964        Francis Bacon painted the triptych "Three Figures in a Room."
    (WSJ, 2/3/00, p.A24)

c1964        Willem de Kooning (1904-1997), abstract artist, painted "Woman."
    (SFC, 4/9/98, p.E1)

1964        Helen Frankenthaler (b.1929) created her painting "Interior Landscape." She won a National Medal of the Arts in 2002.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.D6)

1964        Roy Lichtenstein created his works "Good Morning Darling" and “Ohhh, Alright." The 2nd sold for $42.6 million in 2010.
    (SFC, 1/16/99, p.E1)(Econ, 2/18/12, ILp.10)

1964        Robert Rauschenberg won the Golden Lion, the grand prize of the Venice Biennale. This established him in the art world with his idea that art is reality reshuffled.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.E1)(Econ 5/20/17, p.75)

1964        Carolee Schneeman preformed "Meat Joy," an orgy-like work at New York's Judson Memorial Church. Participants cavorted nude or nearly so in a human pile with animal carcasses and blood.
    (SFEC, 3/12/00, p.D5)

1964        Andy Warhol produced his pop art "Brillo Boxes." It was later considered a pivotal example of the turning point to post-historical art by Prof. Arthur C. Danto.
    (SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.9)
1964        Andy Warhol, made his silkscreen "Orange Marilyn." It sold for $17.3 mil in 1998.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.A3)   

1964        Jasper Johns created his painting "Souvenir."
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.B3)

1964        Roger Abrahams (1933-2017), American folklorist, authored “Deep Down in the Jungle: Negro Narrative Folklore from the Streets of Philadelphia."
    (SSFC, 7/2/17, p.C8)

1964        LeRoi Jones (1934-2014), later known as Amiri Baraka, wrote his play "Dutchman." It won the 1964 Obie Award for best American play.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)(SFC, 1/10/14, p.D5)

1964        E. Digby Baltzell (1916-1996) authored "Protestant Establishment: Aristocracy and Caste in America," in which he chronicled the growth and decay of WASP aristocracy. In the book’s tables he used the acronym WASP, for white Anglo-Saxon Protestant.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 10/18/07, p.D7)

1964        Helen Eileen Beardsley (d.2000 at 70) authored "Who Gets the Drumstick." She and her husband raised 20 children and her story was turned into the film "Yours, Mine and Ours" starring Lucille Ball and Henry Fonda.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A26)

1964        Thomas Berger authored his novel "Little Big Man" which later was made into a hit film.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, BR p.1)

1964        "Nova Express" by William Burroughs was published.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B6)

1964        Dr. Mary S. Calderone published "The Manual of Contraceptive Practices."
    (SFC, 10/25/98, p.A15)

1964        Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) authored “My Autobiography."
    (ON, 2/08, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chaplin)

1964        Fred J. Cook (1911-2003) authored "The FBI Nobody Knows."
    (SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)
1964        Fred J. Cook (1911-2003) authored "Goldwater: Extremist on the Right." The book led to a 1969 US Supreme court decision supporting the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues. In 1987 the Federal Communications Commission voted 4-0 to rescind the Fairness Doctrine.
    (AP, 8/4/97)(SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)

1964        The children’s classic "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" by Roald Dahl was published. It was illustrated by Joseph Schindelman. It was made into a film in 1971 under the title “Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory." Another film version was made in 2005.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.77)

1964        Robert Ettinger wrote "The Prospect of Immortality." The book started a fascination with cryonics.
    (WSJ, 1/31/97, p.A1)

1964        Louise Fitzhugh published her children’s spy book "Harriet the Spy." It was later made into a film.
    (SFC, 2/28/97, p.D16)(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1964        R.J. Forbes published "Bitumen and Petroleum in Antiquity."
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.56)

1964        Ralph Ginzburg began publishing the magazine Fact in NYC. It began with responses from a questionnaire sent to 12,000 psychiatrists on the psychological fitness of Barry Goldwater for the presidency of the US. Goldwater sued for libel and won $1 in compensatory damages and $75,000 in punitive damages.
    (SFC, 7/7/06, p.B9)

1964        James Clayton (1929-2017), authored “The Making of Justice: The Supreme Court in Action." Here he distilled the Supreme Court rulings from the 1962-1963 docket.
    (SSFC, 10/22/17, p.C15)

1964        Leon A. Harris Jr. (d.2000) authored "The Fine Art of Political Wit," a history of political humor since the 18th century.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A23)

1964        Richard Hofstadter authored his classic essay “The Paranoid Style in American Politics" in the wake of the Goldwater insurgency.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.32)

1964        Richard Kauffman (d.1998 at 82) published his collection of photographs: "Wilderness" The Sierra Nevada." It was edited by David Brower and featured words from the work of John Muir.
    (SFC, 9/23/98, p.C2)

1964        Ken Kesey (1935-2001) authored  "Sometimes a Great Notion." To celebrate Kesey and 14 Merry Pranksters drove to the NY World’s Fair in a 1939 Int’l. Harvester school bus with Neal Cassidy driving. The trip was immortalized in "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test" by Tom Wolfe in 1968.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.E1)(SFC, 2/15/18, p.D3)

1964        "The Story of Captive Lithuania" was published by the Lithuanian embassy in Washington and published again in 1969.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)

1964        Eleanor Clark authored “The Oysters of Locmariaquer," a history of French oysters and oystermen.
    (WSJ, 3/10/06, p.W4)

1964        Robert Heinlein (1907-1988), libertarian sci-fi writer, published "Farnham's Freehold."
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_A._Heinlein)

1964        Donald Home authored “The Lucky Country." His intent in writing the book was to document Australia's climb to power and wealth. The title has become a nickname for Australia and is generally used favorably, although the origin of the phrase was negative.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lucky_Country)(Econ, 1/9/16, p.57)

1964        Stefan Lorant (1901-1997), Hungarian-born filmmaker and writer, authored "Pittsburgh: the Story of an American City." He wrote the book following a chance meeting with Edgar Kaufman, the Pittsburgh department store mogul.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.C5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Lorant)

1964        J.P. Martin (1879-1966), English Methodist minister, published the 1st of his Uncle series of children‘s books.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.113)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J.P._Martin)

1964        "Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man" by Marshall McLuhan was published. He wanted us to understand that the medium through or by which a communication is communicated affects the content and effect of the communication.

1964        "The Pushcart War" by Jean Merrill was published.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1964        Ralph Metzner (1936-2019), German-born American psychologist, authored "The Psychedelic Experience" co-written with Richard Alpert and Timothy Leary.
    (SFC, 3/27/19, p.C5)

1964        Gilbert Millstein (d.1999 at 83) wrote the text for "New York: True North," a book of photographs by Sam Falk, a photographer for the NY Times.
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A19)

1964        R.K. Narayan (d.2001) of India authored "Gods, Demons and Others." In it he retold stories from Sanskrit and Tamil epics
    (SFC, 5/14/01, p.B2)

1964        Poet Frank O’Hara wrote his book "Lunch Poems."
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.W8)

1964        Benjamin Quarles (1904-1996), historian, published "The Negro in the Making of America."
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B2)

1964        Jack Raymond (1918-2007, journalist, authored “Power At the Pentagon," which described how civilian and military leaders joined forces to make decisions. Raymond was born in Poland as Israel Rosenblatt and came to the US in 1921.
    (SSFC, 7/29/07, p.B6)

1964        Jane Rule (1931-2007), American-born Canadian writer, authored her novel, “Desert of the Heart." It later became recognized as a landmark work of lesbian fiction.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.C5)

1964        Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr. authored "My Life With General Motors."
    (WSJ, 1//03, p.D8)

1964         John Stormer (1928-2018) self-published "None Dare Call It Treason." It became a right-wing favorite despite being attacked as inaccurate in promulgating the notion that American government and institutions were full of Communist sympathizers.
    (SFC, 7/18/18, p.D4)

1964        Harvard Prof. Walter J. Bate (d.1999 at 81) won a Pulitzer Prize for his 1963 biography of John Keats.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)

1964        The musical "High Spirits" was created based on the Noel Coward play "Blithe Spirit."
    (SFC, 8/9/97, p.D1)

1964        Stephen Sondheim’s musical, "Anyone Can Whistle," ran for 9 performances and was his biggest failure.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1)

1964        The Styne & Merrill song "People" was a hit song from a Broadway musical.
    (WSJ, 5/18/99, p.A24)

1964        The show "Hello Dolly" was produced.
    (WSJ, 8/12/98, p.A13)

1964        "The Addams Family" and "The Munsters" began on TV and ran to 1966. David Levy (d.2000 at 87), An ABC executive, created the Addams Family.
    (WSJ, 10/21/96, p.A18)(SFC, 2/2/00, p.A25)
1964        "The Bullwinkle Show" began on NBC TV.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.38)
1964        Les Crane (1935-2008), pioneer talk radio and TV host, hosted the “The Les Crane Show," a late night TV talk show on ABC that ran for 4 months.
    (SFC, 7/17/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Crane)
1964        Ronald Reagan hosted “Death Valley Days"{ and appeared in some episodes through 1965. He also starred in his last movie: "The Killers."
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1964        “The Man from U.N.C.L.E." premiered on television.
    (AARP Bulletin, 3/14, p. 46)
1964        “Peyton Place" premiered on television as the first prime time soap opera. It was based on the 1956 novel by Grace Metalious.
    (AARP Bulletin, 3/14, p. 46)
1964        The TV series “Valentine’s Day" starred Anthony Franciosa as a NYC publishing executive. It lasted just one season.
    (SFC, 1/21/06, p.B5)

1964        Benjamin Britten composed the chamber opera "Curlew River." The story was based on a Japanese medieval play "Sumidagawa."
    (SFC, 2/26/97, p.A16)(SFC, 8/7/98, p.C1)

1964        Edison Denisov (1929-1996), Russian composer, composed the cantata "Sun of the Incas."
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.B2)

1964        Glenn Gould, Canadian concert pianist, abandoned public performances and devoted himself to recording, writing and making documentaries.
    (WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A28)

1964        The Guarneri String Quartet was founded with violinists Arnold Steinhardt, John Dalley, Michael Tree and cellist David Soyer.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.E5)

1964        Terry Riley, American composer, wrote his work "In C." He had studied under the North Indian vocal master Pandit Pran Nath (d.6/1996).
    (WSJ,2/12/97, p.A14)

1964        Johnny Hathcock (d.2000 at 81) wrote the song "Welcome To My World." It became the theme song for entertainer Eddy Arnold.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.B4)

1964        The song "Devil with the Blue Dress" was composed by W. Stevenson and F. Long and became a hit for Mitch Rider and the Detroit Wheels.
    (SI-WPC, 1997)

1964        The Dixie cups made a hit with “Chapel of Love" written by Ellie Greenwich (1940-2009) in collaboration with producer Phil Spector and her husband Jeff Barry.
    (SFC, 8/28/09, p.D5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chapel_of_Love)

1964        The Four Seasons with lead singer Frankie Valli had top hits with “Dawn" and “Rag Doll."
    (WSJ, 11/2/05, p.D12)

1964        Martha and the Vandellas sang "Dancing in the Streets."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)

1964        Curtis Mayfield and the Impressions had a hit with the song "Amen."
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C1)

1964        Roy Orbison came out with the song "Pretty Woman."
    (SFC, 8/24/96, p.E3)

1964        The British duo Peter and Gordon made a hit with the song “A World Without Love," written by Paul McCartney. The group broke up in 1968 after 9 top 20 records. Gordon Waller died in 1964 at age 64.
    (SFC, 7/24/09, p.D6)

1964        Lou Reed and John Cale co-founded the music group Velvet Underground.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Velvet_Underground)(SFEC, 1/26/97 Par, p.2)

1964        "Walk Don’t Run" by the Ventures became a hit. The drummer was Mel Tyler (1934-1996).
    (SFC, 8/14/96, p.D2)

1964        The British group Zombies with guitarist Paul Atkinson (d.2004), made a hit with "She's Not There."
    (SFC, 4/7/04, p.B6)

1964        Beatle singer Paul McCartney was "turned on to pot" by Bob Dylan.
    (SFC, 9/27/97, p.E3)

1964        Kyu Sakamoto made a hit with "Sukiyaki."
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)

1964        Simon and Garfunkel made their debut with "Wednesday Morning 3 AM."
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.5E)

1964        The Supremes sang "Where Did Our Love Go," "Baby Love," and "Come See About Me."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)

1964        Mary Wells sang "My Guy."
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.D1)

1964        The Newport Jazz Festival introduced Hamza El Din, the father of Nubian music, to Western audiences.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, DB p.15)

1964        Founder Randy Sparks sold his interest in The New Christy Minstrels singing group for $2.5 million. John Denver and Kenny Rogers were singers in the group. Songs by the group included "Today," "Green, Green," and "Saturday Night."
    (SFEC, 9/26/99, DB p.36)

1964        The Academy of Country Music was founded in Los Angeles.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, Par p.2)

1964        Dr. Mary S. Calderone (d.1998 at 94) helped found the Sex Information and Education Center (SEICUS), whose goal was to foster the responsible use of the sexual faculty. She held that children should be taught about sex at an early age.
    (SFC, 10/25/98, p.A15)

1964        William Vaughan Shaw (d.1997 at 73), architect, and Ansel Adams, photographer, helped start the Foundation for Environmental Design to promote architecture that blended with the environment.
    (SFC, 7/15/97, p.A18)

1964        The David & Lucille Packard Foundation’s was formed. By 1998 the endowment was worth about $9 billion.
    (WSJ, 3/6/98, p.A1)

1964        Rocky Aoki founded the Benihana restaurant chain in New York.
    (USAT, 6/10/98, p.1B)

1964        Rudi Gernreich designed his notorious topless bathing suit, dubbed the "monokini". The bold design catapulted both Gernreich and Peggy Moffitt to stardom, as Moffitt was one of the few models bold enough at the time to model it, but never in public. Photographer William Claxton, Moffit’s husband, maintained control of the pictures.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peggy_Moffitt)(SFC, 10/14/08, p.B5)

1964        Little Petroglyph and an adjacent canyon in the Coso Mountains, northwest of the Mojave Desert, was dedicated as a National Historic Landmark. Some of the art has been dated to 12,000 before the present.
    (PacDis, Summer ’97, p.8)

1964        In Maine Richard Paine built his Seal Cove Auto Museum.
    (SFC, 9/13/07, p.E3)

1964        Richard Petty won 27 NASCAR races driving a 426-horsepower Hemi-powered Charger.
    (WSJ, 6/17/05, p.A10)

1964        The Winter Olympics were held in Innsbruck, Austria.
    (StuAus, April '95, p.95)(WSJ, 7/19/96, p.R6)

1964        Konrad Bloch (d.2000 at 88) and Feodor Lynen shared the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology for their work on cholesterol and fatty acids.
    (SFC, 10/17/00, p.A28)
1964        Charles H. Townes (1915-2015) of UC Berkeley won the Nobel Prize in Physics. He shared the prize for work in quantum electronics with Nikolai Basov (d.2001 at 78) and Alexander Prokhorov, Soviets who did parallel work.
    (SFC, 10/10/96, p.A1)(SFC, 7/5/01, p.D2)(SFC, 1/29/15, p.D4)

1964        Pres. John F. Kennedy ended the bracero program, begun in 1942, that allowed Mexican guest workers to work in the US.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bracero_program)(Econ, 2/4/17, p.26)
1964        At the Democratic National Convention the largely black Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party forced a split that helped drive conservative white Southerners out of the party.
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)

1964         Pres. Johnson beat Barry Goldwater by a large margin for the US presidency.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)

1964        During the Vietnam War, Douglas AC-47 gunships were known as "Spookies." Originally nicknamed "Gooney Birds", the World War II-era plane was refitted into a side-firing gunship in 1964. Though it was dubbed "Puff the Magic Dragon" for its amazing firepower delivered to troops in trouble, the AC-47 later became known as a "Spooky" which was its call sign in-country.
    (HNQ, 8/14/00)
1964        The US used an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) called the Firebee, a small jet-powered drone, for taking photographs over China. It was launched from another plane and released a parachute upon return for pickup by a helicopter. It was later used in the Vietnam war.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.23)

1964        Government Food Stamps was made a permanent program.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, zone 1 p.5)

1964        The Economic Opportunity Act opened the gates for Indian management of their own affairs.
    (SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)

1964        The Urban Mass Transit Act of 1964 was passed and provided the 1st federal assistance to states and localities for mass transit.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A25)

1964        The Post Office issued a 5-cent stamp in honor of naturalist John Muir.
    (SFC, 1/8/98, p.A19)

1964        Bourbon was declared by the US Congress to be the national spirit.
    (Hem., Dec. '95, p.82)

1964        The US Congress passed the Kuchel Act to stop the threat of homesteading on wetlands. It also restricted the amount of row crops that could be grown on leased farmlands within wetland refuges.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, Z1 p.8)

1964        Senator Jennings Randolph (d.1998 at 96) of West Virginia helped create the Appalachian Regional Commission. The commission funneled millions of federal dollars into 13 Appalachian states for public works and economic development. It was supposed to expire in 1979.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A21)

1964        The State Dept. established its Arts in Embassies Program (AIEP). Ambassadors were allowed to select specific works of art for their embassies. The only pre-requisite for the art was that the artist be a US citizen. In 1986 the Friends of Art and Preservation in Embassies (FAPE) was organized as a non-profit to assist the AIEP program in acquiring art.
    (WSJ, 8/27/98, p.A12)

1964        The FBI under Herbert Hoover compiled a "highlight" recording, excerpts from hotel room listening devices, of Martin Luther King’s romantic rendezvous. They mailed it to him with a cover letter that read: "You are done, there is but one way out for you." This became known as the "suicide package." The story is covered in the 1998 book "Pillar of Fire" by Taylor Branch. The 1986 book "Bearing the Cross" by David Garrow quotes King as saying: "I’m away from home 25-27 days a month. F-’s a form of anxiety reduction."
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, BR p.1,8)

1964        The US navy began its SeaLab experiments. SeaLab I was lowered off the coast of Bermuda to see if divers could be sustained on a helium-oxygen mix. The trial ended after 11 days. [see 1965, 1969]
    (SFC, 3/29/02, p.A2)

1964        The diesel-powered aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy was commissioned.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

1964        George Hitchcock (1914-2010), poet and playwright, founded the Kayak poetry magazine in San Francisco. He continued publishing it until 1984 after 64 issues.
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.C9)
1964        San Francisco’s Ghirardelli Square opened as a collection of shops  and restaurants in the former Ghirardelli chocolate factory. The project was developed by William Matson Roth (1917-2014), the grandson of shipping magnate Capt. William Matson.
    (SFC, 5/31/14, p.C1)
1964        In San Francisco the Scottish Rite Masonic Center was completed at 2850 19th Ave. It was designed by architect Albert F. Roller.
    (SSFC, 1/18/15, p.C2)
1964        In San Francisco the 18-story tower at 180 Samsome was built. It was designed by architects Hertzka and Knowles.
    (SSFC, 5/4/14, p.C2)
1964        The Portsmouth Square Parking Garage opened. It was run by a nonprofit organization organized by Chinatown merchants and Harding Leong (d.1999 at 78). Leong was also an instrumental leader in the On Lok Senior Health service.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.D8)
1964        The new Grace Episcopal Cathedral was dedicated with its new Ghiberti doors, cast from molds of the original doors in Florence. It was completed under the leadership of Bishop James Pike, who died a mysterious death in Judea.
    (SFEM, 8/9/98, p.24)(SFC, 7/15/99, p.A19)
1964        Work began on St. Mary’s Cathedral at Gough and Geary.
    (SFEM, 8/9/98, p.25)
1964        In San Francisco the 19-story Carillon Tower was built at 1100 Gough. Architect Donald Powers Smith designed the rounded structure.
    (SSFC, 5/29/11, p.D2)
1964        In SF members of the Bay View Boat Club, founded in 1940 at Hunters Point, moved their building from Innes Ave. by barge to the Mission Rock area, where land was leased from the city.
    (SFC, 10/7/05, p.B5)
1964        John Bryan (1934-2007) quit the SF Chronicle and founded the Open City Press, San Francisco’s 1st alternative paper.
    (SSFC, 2/11/07, p.B7)
1964        Dr. Jerome M. Vaeth (d.1998 at 73) was named the founding director of the Claire Zellerbach Saroni Tumor Institute at Mt. Zion Hospital. For some 25 years he edited the textbook: "Frontiers of Radiation Therapy and Oncology," based on a SF Cancer Symposium that he originated.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.C3)
1964        The San Francisco Cross City Race was renamed the Bay to Breakers race.
    (SFC, 5/15/09, p.B1)
1964        California Gov. Pat Brown appointed his brother Harold C. Brown (d.1998 at 90) to the Municipal court Bench of SF. Justice Brown and Pat Brown formed the SF Chapter of the Order of Cincinnatus, which had as its credo that elected officials should promise no favors and that supporters would seek no favors.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.E3)
1964        George Moscone and Leo McCarthy were elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
    (SFEM, 11/17/96, p.25)
1964        Terry Francois was appointed by Mayor Jack Shelley as the first black supervisor in San Francisco. Francois was current Mayor Willie Brown’s former senior law partner. He served to 1978.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-25)(SFC, 10/23/00, p.A24)
1964        The SF Redevelopment Agency announced a plan to turn the blocks south of Market St. along Third and Fourth streets into what it calls Yerba Buena Center.
    (SFC, 10/21/04, p.A15)
1964        Willie Brown began his political career when he won his bid for the 18th Assembly District (centered in the Fillmore district of San Francisco). His 1962 attempt was unsuccessful. His campaign workers included George Moscone and Diane Feinstein.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.6)(SFEM, 11/17/96, p.12)
1964        Rotea Gilford (d.1998 at 70) became the first black inspector in the SF Police Dept.
    (SFC, 3/17/98, p.A20)
1964        In San Francisco a woman suffered minor bruises when a cable car lurched off its tracks. She said the accident caused an increase in her sexual appetite and numerous lovers over the nexst five years. She sued the city for turning her into a nymphomaniac and won a settlement for $50,000. In 2015 the FOGG Theater company debuted “The Cable Car Nymphomaniac."
    (SFC, 11/4/14, p.E1)
1964        Jean Jacobs established Citizens for Juvenile Justice, a San Francisco organization that transferred children from the juvenile justice system to social service agencies. She had recently found a 3-year-old in an isolation cell at juvenile hall.
    (SFC, 10/19/99, p.A23)
1964        The cable cars of San Francisco became a National Historic Landmark. The first cable car bell ringing competition was held.
    (SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.17)(SFC, 7/19/96, p.A14)
1964        SF signed a contract with Viacom for cable TV service that was extended in 1980. In 1996 TCI purchased Viacom which had cable rights through 2005.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A16)
1964        SF reported 61 killings for the year.
    (SFC,12/9/97, p.A18)

1964        In California the prison gang Aryan Brotherhood was founded at San Quentin State Prison. Members held the credo “kill or be killed." In 2006 the US Justice Dept. hoped to destroy the organization through capital prosecutions. On July 28, 2006, 4 leaders were convicted for using murder and intimidation to protect their drug-dealing operations behind bars.
    (SFC, 3/14/06, p.A1)(SFC, 7/29/06, p.A3)
1964        California decided to dam Big Grizzly Creek in Plumas County which in 1966 created Lake Davis. It was then stocked with trout. In 1994 Pike were discovered in Lake Davis. Over the next 10 years some $15 million was spent in attempts to eradicate the fish.
    (SFCM, 7/11/04, p.10)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.A13)
1964        Sea World opened in San Diego. Milton C. Shedd (d.2002), Ken Norris, David DeMott and George Millay, fraternity brothers, developed the project with an initial $1.5 million investment. Its history is described in the 1997 book: "Spectacular Nature: Corporate Culture and the Sea World Experience" by Susan G. Davis.
    (SFC, 12/4/97, p.E5)(SFC, 5/28/02, p.A18)
1964        The Boreal Ridge ski resort opened in the Lake Tahoe area of California.
    (SFC, 7/7/17, p.D7)

1964        Louisiana’s state prison at Angola began its Angola rodeo program for inmates. In 2014 some 22,500 people attended the 2-day event.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.C1)(SFC, 5/23/14, p.30)

1964        Republican Henry Lodge won the New Hampshire primary over Barry Goldwater 35.5 to 22.3%. Nelson Rockefeller took 21% and Richard Nixon took 16.8%.
    (SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)

1964        In Nevada the Sahara casino paid the Beatles $25,000 to play two shows in Las Vegas. The show was moved to the convention center when the 600-seat Congo Room was deemed too small.
    (SSFC, 3/12/17, p.F4)

1964        Oregon repealed the death penalty for the 2nd time
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)   

1964        Joseph Valachi was the first La Cosa Nostra member to publicly confirm that organized crime existed. He talked under a new Witness Security Program before a congressional committee. "The Valachi Papers" by Peter Maas (d.2001) was written in 1969/1972.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, p.A-10)(SFEC, 4/20/97, Par p.7)(SFC, 8/24/01, p.D7)

1964        George Barrie, founder of Caryl Richards hair care products, bought Faberge. He soon introduced the Brut men’s cologne.
    (SFC, 1/24/07, p.G7)

1964        Charmin began showing TV commercials featuring actor Dick Wilson (1916-2007). He made famous the phrase “Please, don’t squeeze the Charmin." The ads ended in 1985.
    (SFC, 11/20/07, p.A2)

1964        The Cracker Jack Co. was purchased by Borden and sold to PepsiCo's Frito-Lay division in 1997.

1964        Disney began to secretly buy up land in central Florida.
    (Sp., 5/96, p.64)

1964        The New York Times vs. Sullivan Supreme Court decision made it more difficult for a public figure to sue for libel.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, p.C11)

1964        Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart coined the phrase "I know it when I see it" while trying to define sexual obscenity.
    (WSJ, 6/9/99, p.A1)

1964        CBS completed its $40 million headquarters in mid-Manhattan.
    (SFC, 12/26/06, p.A2)

1964        Conrad Hilton sold the international division of his hotel chain. From this point on Hilton hotels outside of North America were run by the Hilton Group. In 1987 Ladbrokes, a firm of British bookmakers, purchased the Hilton Group. In 2005 Hilton Hotels announced that it would buy the Hilton Group from Ladbrokes for $5.7 billion.
    (Econ, 1/7/06, p.58)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.58)

1964        Kentucky Colonel Harland Sanders (1890-1980) sold his fried chicken business for $2 million to private investors, who resold it in 1971 for $285 million to Heublein. R.J. Reynolds acquired Heublein in 1982 and sold it to PepsiCo in 1986.

1964        Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co. was a unit and then a division of US Steel until this time when it and other units were merged into the parent company.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)

1964        Studebaker produced its first Avanti sports car.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A12)
1964        The Ford Mustang and Pontiac GTO ushered in the era of the muscle car. Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1964 Mustang as the number 1 favorite car.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1964        Dr. Amar Bose founded his acoustic speaker company. He introduced his first successful speaker, the 901, four years later.
    (WSJ, 12/31/96, p.1)

1964        The Votomatic, an automated vote counting system with punch card ballots, went on the market. It was conceived by Joe Harris of UC California in 1962 and designed by William Rouverol, UC professor of mechanical engineering.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A3)

1964        The American Marine IV spacecraft disproved canals on Mars and found extensive regions with craters. [see 1965]
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.A17)

1964        The Alvin, a 3-person submersible, was delivered to Woods Hole, Mass. It was designed by Harold Froehlich (1922-2007), engineer for the nuclear equipment department of General Mills Corp. The vessel was named after Allyn Vine, an engineer and geophysicist at the Oceanographic Institution. In 1990 Victoria A. Kaharl authored “Water Baby: The Story of Alvin."
    (WSJ, 5/26/07, p.A6)

1964        Lars Valerian Ahlfors (1907-1996), mathematician, published his mathematical proof of the "Ahlfors finiteness theorem."
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)

1964        P.J.E. Peebles, Princeton theoretician, gave a seminar on the Big Bang Theory and presented his own work on the problem of background microwave radiation. It was established that the background noise corresponded to the 3 degrees K heat left  over from the beginning of the universe.
    (JST-TMC,1983, p.16)

1964        John Bell, physicist at the CERN laboratories, published his paper: On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen Paradox. His theorem and experimental verification put to rest the idea of hidden variables in quantum mechanics and established that reality is non-local. The only way to save local reality would be to posit a superluminary reality, where connections, signals, causes, etc. travel faster than light.
    (HFA, '96, p.62)

1964        The Ford Research Laboratory developed the superconducting quantum interference device, an exquisitely sensitive magnetic field sensor.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, TQ p.11)

1964        Len Cutler built his first atomic clock. In 1972 a clock of his design was used to verify Einstein’s theory of relativity. A 1991 version was built that lost one second every 1.6 million years.
    (WSJ, 3/19/97, p.B1)

1964        Peter Higgs of the Univ. of Edinburgh proposed the existence of a particle to account for why some bosons have no mass. The Higgs mechanism, a way that the massless gauge bosons in a gauge theory get a mass by interacting with a background Higgs field, was proposed in 1964 by Robert Brout and Francois Englert, independently by Peter Higgs and by Gerald Guralnik, C. R. Hagen, and Tom Kibble. It was inspired by the BCS theory of superconductivity, vacuum structure work by Yoichiro Nambu, the preceding Ginzburg–Landau theory, and the suggestion by Philip Anderson that superconductivity could be important for relativistic physics. Physicist’s search for the Higgs boson continued in 2007 with the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, Switzerland.
    (SFC, 9/18/00, p.A6)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.77)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Higgs_mechanism)

1964        General Electric began marketing a new hard plastic called Noryl.
    (WSJ, 1/10/07, p.B2)

1964        Engineer Paul Baran proposed the use of distributed networks for communication. His architecture became the foundation of ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
    (Econ, 1/12/13, p.72)

1964        Robert Moog (1934-2005), graduate student at Cornell Univ., unveiled his own analogue synthesizer at a meeting of America’s Audio Engineering Society.
    (Econ, 9/3/05, p.77)

1964        Robert Weitbrecht, a deaf person, invented the teletypewriter (TTY). It enabled deaf people to call each other and type conversations.
    (SSFC, 5/13/01, Par p.4)

1964        J. Cronin and V. Fitch of Princeton Univ. showed that at least one phenomenon in nature- the decay of a particle called the K0L meson- was not invariant under the CP (charge conjugation and parity) operation. For this they shared the Nobel Prize in 1980.
    (JST-TMC,1983, p.173)

1964        Nathan W. Cohen (d.1997 at 78) organized the Galapagos Int’l. Scientific Expedition. 65 scientists spent 2 months of research there and dedicated the Darwin Research Station there.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A22)

1964        In Hillsborough, New Jersey, the indoor display gardens of Doris Duke were opened to the public. They were located in glass houses on the 2,740-acre Duke Farms estate. The main glass building, one of the largest in America, was designed by Horace Trumbauer and completed in 1917. In 2008 the display gardens were closed down as the estate transformed to an ecological and environmental learning center.
    (WSJ, 5/27/08, p.D7)

1964        Kenneth E. Stager presented overwhelming evidence that the turkey buzzard, Cathartes aura, does indeed rely upon a keen sense of smell to find carrion.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.54)

1964        In Oakland, Ca., a new Mormon temple, designed by Harold W. Burton (d.1969), opened at 4770 Lincoln Ave.
    (SFC, 5/7/19, p.C1)
1964        A third bore was opened for the Caldecott Tunnel under the Oakland-Berkeley Hills.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A21)
1964        In northern California the Bureau of Reclamation built a $3.2 million debris dam to catch and hold toxics near Iron Mountain.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A13)

1964        The theropod dinosaur, Deinonychus, was discovered in Montana. It was lightly-built  able to run swiftly, and had a pair of sickle-shaped claws and their remains suggested hunting in a pack.
    (T.E.-J.B. p.77)
1964        The Deinonychus of the group dromaeosaurids was discovered in southern Montana by Grant Meyer and John Ostrom of Yale Univ. Weighing between 100-150 lbs., the dinosaur was probably warm-blooded  and would have been an active, speedy dinosaur.
    (LSA, Spring 1995, p.40)

1964        Singer Sam Cooke died. His biography was written by Silas Roy Crain in 1995: "You Send Me: The Life and Times of Sam Cooke."
    (SFC, 9/19/96, p.A17)

1964        Francis Harvey Cutting (b.1872), California artist, died.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.J5)

1964        Jean Fautrier (b.1898), French modernist, died. He was considered a precursor to the American Abstract Expressionists.
    (WSJ, 12/11/02, p.D8)

1964        Leon Shulman Gaspard (b.1882), Russian-born American artist, died in Taos, New Mexico. His work included “The Finish of the Kermesse."
    (WSJ, 12/1/07, p.W3)(www.askart.com/AskART/artists/biography.aspx?artist=5968)

1964        John Hampton (b.1909), black janitor and folk-artist, died. He left behind a work titled “The Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations’ Millennium General Assembly," all of which was covered in silver and gold foil. It later became the center-piece of the Smithsonian American Art Museum’s folk-art collection.
    (WSJ, 9/9/06, p.P14)

1964        John Haynes Holmes (b.1879), American clergyman and reformer died. "Priests are no more necessary to religion than politicians to patriotism."
    (AP, 2/17/02)

1964        James G. McDonald (b.1886), American free-lance ambassador of human rights, died. In 2007 Richard Breitman, Barbara McDonald Stewart and Severin Hochberg, editors of his extensive papers, published “Advocate for the Doomed: The diaries and Papers of James G. McDonald (1932-1935)."
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1964        Douglas McGregor (58), Harvard and MIT economist, died. He was the inventor of Theory X and Y, which related to the management and motivation of workers/employees in the work place.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.82)(http://tinyurl.com/b25nb)

1964        The global Red List, a list of endangered species, was created. It was initially “a haphazard affair." In the early 1990s, Dr. Georgina Mace (1953-2020), then working for the Zoological Society of London, began the long process of developing the criteria for a more scientifically disciplined list.
    (NY Times, 12/1/20)

1964        The "Group of 77" developing countries was organized as a UN lobbying bloc to negotiate with wealthy nations. It expanded to 133 nations by 2000.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A12)

1964        Afghanistan’s first constitution banned all royals, except the king, from taking part in politics. This was specifically aimed at King Zahir Shah’s cousin Daoud, who staged a coup in 1973.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.88)
1964        Soviet Union engineers completed the 2.6 miles Salang tunnel connecting Kabul, Afghanistan, to Central Asia. At 11,034 feet it was the world’s highest tunnel until 1973, when the US built the Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel in the Rocky Mountains.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A10)(SFC, 2/7/02, p.A20)(Econ, 8/3/13, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/ngughx2)

1964        A string of military coups began in Bolivia, but it returned to democratic rule in 1982.
    (AP, 12/17/05)

1964        The BBC showed its 26-part epic of WWI: “The Great War."
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.88)
1964        The British TV series "Till Death Do Us Part," written by Johnny Speight (d.1998 at 78), began. It was copied in the US for the 1971 "All in the Family" that began in 1971 on CBS TV and ran to 1983 and later became "Archie Bunker’s Place." Bunker was the first video-taped sitcom.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)
1964        London’s Caribbean-flavored Notting Hill Carnival was founded following the disturbances in Notting Hill six years earlier that saw clashes between whites and newly arrived immigrants from the West Indies.
    (AP, 8/29/11)
1964        Britain's Government Economic Service was founded by Sir Alec Cairncross (1911-1998).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Cairncross_(economist))(Econ., 7/4/20, p.51)
1964        British engineer Arthur Rupert Neve (1926-2021) delivered his first custom-made transistor console to Phillips Studios in London. By 1991 the Neve 8028 console had become a recording studio staple.
    (SSFC, 2/21/21, p.F8)

1964        Cytosine, produced under the brand name Tabex, was first marketed in Bulgaria. It was produced by the Bulgarian pharmaceutical company Sopharma AD and became widely available in the Formerly Socialist Economies of Europe (FSE). The cytisine derivative varenicline was approved in 2006 as a smoking cessation drug.

1964        The Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa, UDEAC from its name in French, was established by the Brazzaville Treaty. Members included Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.
    (AP, 9/29/13)

1964        In Chile Eduardo Frei Montalva defeated Salvador Allende Gossens to become president.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.E2)

1964        China launched its Dongfeng ballistic missile.
    (WSJ, 10/23/07, p.B4)

1964        Colombian army troops descended on peasant militias who set up the self-styled Independent Republic of Marquetalia. Manuel Marulanda and Pedro Antonio Marin led survivors and co-founded the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Disaffected peasants and Communist intellectuals founded FARC in an effort to share power and to fight poverty and corruption.
    (SFC, 1/7/99, p.A8)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A19)(WSJ, 1/16/03, p.D8)(Econ, 7/17/04, p.36)

1964        In Cyprus Turkish Cypriots withdrew into enclaves and barbed wire went up in Nicosia, dividing the capital with Greek Cypriots.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.57)

1964        Czech Rep. film director Jan Nemec (d.2016), a representative of the new wave of Czechoslovak cinema, debuted "Diamonds of the Night," about two boys escaping from a transport to a Nazi death camp.
    (AP, 3/19/16)

1964        In Denmark the bronze statue of the Little Mermaid in the harbor was decapitated. In 1997 friends of the late painter Henrik Bruun told newspapers that Bruun was responsible.
    (SFC,11/5/97, p.C2)

1964        Waguih Ghali authored “Beer in the Snooker Club," a story about life in Cairo shortly after the fall of King Farouk (1952).
    (Econ, 4/26/08, p.108)
1964        In Egypt the first stage of the Aswan High Dam began harnessing the Nile.

1964        The French Democratic Confederation of Labor (Confederation Francaise Democratique du Travail, CFDT) was founded when a majority of the members of the Christian trade union Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens (CFTC) decided they preferred to be part of a secular union. The minority kept the name CFTC.

1964        In Germany the one millionth guest worker arrived.
    (SFC, 8/29/97, p.A18)

1964        In Ghana the Akosombo Dam was built on the Volta River. By 1966 extensive forests and the homes of 80,000 people were flooded to create Lake Volta. In 2006 Wayne Dunn negotiated a 2-year pilot agreement the government to explore the lake and a 15-year follow-up to harvest timber across 875,000 underwater acres.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.T10)(WSJ, 1/21/07, p.A1)

1964        In Greenland the US Army established a Camp Century, an early warning base for Soviet missile attacks.
    (WSJ, 6/8/06, p.D8)

1964        In Guyana the People’s Progressive Party led the vote in elections but two opposition parties formed a coalition government. The People’s National Congress governed through rigged elections up to 1992.
    (SFC, 3/7/96, p.A24)(Econ 7/1/17, p.31)
1964        In Guyana a pre-election conflict broke out between the largely Afro-Guyanese People’s National Congress and the largely Indo-Guyanese people’s Progressive Party.  Riots erupted after mostly black laborers were brought in to replace striking Indian plantation workers. 176 people were killed.
    (SFC, 3/19/01, p.A8)(Econ, 9/2/17, p.52)

1964        In India the Communist Party split over India’s war with China.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.82)
1964        The first Indian mutual fund, Unit Scheme-1964 aka US-64, was founded.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A20)

1964        In Indonesia the Golkar Party (Golongan Karya) was formed and used by Suharto to wield personal power.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 6/17/99, p.A21)

1964        Saddam Hussein was imprisoned in Iraq for conspiratorial activities, but resumed them on release.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A10)

1964        The Sergei Courtyard in Jerusalem, part of a compound that had belonged to Moscow patriarchy, was sold for $3.5 million in oranges. In 2008 Israel agreed to transfer it back to Russia.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Compound)

1964        Italian fisherman pulled a bronze Greek statue, the "Victorious Youth," from the sea. It dated from 300 to 100BC and in 1977 it was purchased by the California-based Getty Museum for $4 million. In 2018 Italy's highest court rejected a Getty appeal of a ruling ordering the artwork returned to Italy.
    (SFC, 12/6/18, p.A6)
1964        In Italy the five sisters opened the first Fendi store in Rome's historic center. A year later they hired a young designer named Karl Lagerfeld who helped catapult the Italian brand into global fame, with a focus on designing luxury furs. They sold to the French luxury group LVMH in 1999.
    (AP, 6/20/17)

1964        Leicester Hemingway, brother of Ernest Hemingway, put together floating platforms off the west coast of Jamaica and called it the Republic of New Atlantis. He hoped to create a marine research society and help protect Jamaican fishing.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.84)

1964        Kenzabuto Oe, Japanese novelist, published his novel "A Personal Matter." He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1994.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, BR p.9)
1964        Japan completed the construction of the Yoyogi National Stadium, designed by architect Kenzo Tange, for the Tokyo Olympics.
    (AP, 7/21/18)
1964        Eisaku Sato of the LDP became prime minister of Japan. He served to 1972.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, Survey p.10)
1964        Koji Kobayashi (1907-1996) began serving as the president of NEC. In 1976 he became the chairman until 1988. He pushed for separation from the Sumitomo Bank and supported the United Nations Univ., based in Tokyo. He was also a member of the Club of Rome, and int'l. group of businessmen and academics who discussed limits to the Earth's Resources.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.D2)

1964        Vera and Orton Chirwa, lawyers, helped Malawi gain independence. Political turmoil soon forced them into exile. Dr. Kamuzu Banda established a dictatorship and ruled for 30 years. Soon after independence Banda jailed 400 opponents who he said were planning armed rebellion.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, Par p.5)(SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1964        Mexico began producing its own version of the Volkswagen Beetle, known as the el vocho.
    (SSFC, 9/14/08, p.A10)

1964        In Romania a number of political prisoners, including Alexandru Salca (d.2001 at 78), were released in a general amnesty. Salca served 7 years for opposing the pro-Moscow government and another 8 for opposing the 1956 Soviet invasion of Hungary. He later authored 4 books on the horrors of Communist prisons and the Black Sea Canal forced labor camps where tens of thousands perished.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A17)

1964        Col. Nguyen Van Thieu joined Air Marshal Ky to oust the military government and became a member of the new ruling Armed Forces Council in South Vietnam.
    (SFC, 10/1/01, p.B2)
1964        Howard Simpson served as the US advisor to Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh in Saigon, South Vietnam.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.C4)
1964        In Vietnam a major flood killed 10,000 people.
    (SFC, 11/8/99, p.A12)

1964        Zambia established Independence from Britain. Pres. Kenneth Kaunda was in charge.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1964-1965    U. Alexis Johnson (d.1997 at 88) served as US deputy ambassador to Vietnam.
    (SFC, 3/26/97, p.C3)

1964-1967    Bonanza was the top ranking network show on television for three seasons with rankings of 36.3, 31.8, and 29.1%.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)

1964-1968    The Pentagon reported on May 23, 2002, that the Defense Dept. sprayed live nerve and biological agents over Navy ships in 6 six tests between 1964-1968. The Project shipboard Hazard and Defense (SHAD) experiments included the use of sarin and VX nerve gases and the staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB).
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A7)
1964-1968    In India’s "green revolution" the wheat crop increased from 10 million to 17 million tons following the use of dwarfing genes and fertilizer to increase the grains on each stalk.  Chidambaram Subramaniam, minister of agriculture, convinced Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri to use new seeds, developed by Norman Borlaug (Nobel Prize 1970) in Mexico, for wheat production.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A26)(WSJ, 12/3/02, p.A1)

1964-1970    Dr. Stanley Yolles (d.2001 at 81) served as the director of the US National Institute of Mental Health. He denounced punitive laws on drug use.
    (SFC, 1/22/01, p.A22)

1964-1970    Harold Wilson was the prime minister of Britain.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.A23)

1964-1973    US warplanes carried out 580,000 bombing missions over Laos and dropped an estimated 2.3 million tons of bombs. In the years that followed over 200 people per year died from bombs that had initially failed to explode. In 2001 filmmaker Jack Silverman produced "Bombies," a documentary on the effect of cluster bombs on civilians [see 1973-1997].
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.A22)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.D1)(AM, 7/05, p.31)
1964-1973    South Korea deployed more than 300,000 military personnel to help the US effort in South Vietnam against the communists.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

1964-1974    Mozambique suffered horribly in its war of independence.
    (Economist, 4/4/20, p.35)

1964-1977    In England secret germ warfare [experiments] were conducted during this time over London and southern England. Scientists released three types of bacteria: bacillus globigii, killed serratia marcescens, and E. Coli 162. Officials claimed that the bacteria was rendered harmless.
    (SFC, 2/3/97, p.C2)

1964-1985    A military dictatorship ruled over Brazil. As many as 353 people died while under custody. The dead of the leftist opposition were either "disappeared" or  registered as suicides or fatalities from accidents or shootouts.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A17)

1964-1987    FBI agents in Boston used hit men and mob leaders as informants and shielded them from prosecution in exchange for information on the Mafia. This allowed the Winter Hill Gang to rise in power as the prosecutors brought down the Patriarcha crime family.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A5)

1964-1987    The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine was an active fighting force under Nayef Hawatmeh In Syria and Lebanon and lost some 5,000 men over this period. It then became a social and political body in opposition to Arafat's Fatwah faction.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A22)

1964-1992    Texaco dumped some 18 billion gallons of toxic waste into open pits, estuaries and rivers and allegedly polluted some 2.5 million acres of pristine rain forest. Texaco merged with Chevron in 2001 and a suit over the toxic waste went to trial in Ecuador in 2003. In 2014 Paul M. Barrett authored “Law of the Jungle: The $19 Billion Legal Battle Over Oil in the Rain Forest and the Lawyer Who’d Stop at Nothing to Win."
    (SFC, 5/1/03, A8)(SFC, 10/21/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 9/21/14, p.N1)

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