Timeline 1934 - 1935

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1934        Jan 1, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., the US bank guarantor, became effective.
    (MC, 1/1/02)
1934        Jan 1, Alcatraz officially became a federal prison. The first prisoners arrived in August. [see Aug 11, 1934]

1934        Jan 3, The Colleges of the City of Detroit was renamed to Wayne University after Gen’l. Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War hero.
    (WSUAN, Winter 1997, p.8)

1934        Jan 4, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress for $10.5 billion to fund recovery programs over the next 18 months.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1934        Jan 7, The Radio Church of God under Herbert W. Armstrong began broadcasting in Pasadena, Ca. His program was called "The World Tomorrow" and his magazine was called "The Plain Truth."
    (WSJ, 2/120/00, p.A1)
1934        Jan 7, Six-thousand pastors in Berlin defied the Nazis insisting that they will not be muzzled.
    (HN, 1/7/99)

1934        Jan 10, Marinus van der Lubbe (24), a bricklayer and Dutch communist, was executed in Berlin. He had been convicted of arson and high treason for torching the Reichstag parliament building on Feb 27, 1933. On Dec 6, 2007, German prosecutors formally overturned the conviction.
    (AP, 1/11/08)

1934        Jan 11, Jean Chretien, Pres. of Canada, was born.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)
1934        Jan 11, The German police raided the homes of dissident clergy in Berlin.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1934        Jan 13, Rip Taylor, comedian (Gong Show, $1.98 Beauty Show), was born.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1934        Jan 15, Babe Ruth signed a contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut).
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1934        Jan 15, Patrick O'Malley, US policeman, was killed by John Dillinger.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1934        Jan 15, An 8.4 earthquake in India and Nepal killed some 15,000 people. It damaged the Mahabuddha Temple in Patan, Nepal, one of but 3 in the world.
    (http://asc-india.org/menu/gquakes.htm)(WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)

1934        Jan 17, Shari Lewis, ventriloquist, puppeteer (Lamb Chop), was born in Bronx, NY.
    (MC, 1/17/02)

1934        Jan 22, Bill Bixby, actor (Incredible Hulk, My Favorite Martian), was born in SF, Calif.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1934        Jan 22, In Tucson, Arizona, a fire broke out at the Hotel Congress, where members of the Dillinger gang were staying. Firefighters salvaged baggage belonging to the gang and the next day one of the firefighters spotted one the gang’s mug shots in an issue of True Detective magazine. Within a few days 5 members of the Dillinger gang were arrested including John Dillinger and girlfriend Evelyn Frechette. In 2009 Elliot Gorn authored “Dillinger’s Wild Ride: The Year That Made America’s Public Enemy Number One."
    (SFC, 7/1/09, p.E3)
1934        Jan 22, Dmitri Shostakovich premiered his 1932 opera: "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District," in Leningrad.
    (WSJ, 5/7/02, p.D7)(WSJ, 5/2/03, p.W6)

1934        Jan 26, Germany signed a 10-year non-aggression pact with Poland, breaking the French alliance system.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)(HN, 1/26/99)

1934        Jan 27, Julian Ogilvie Thompson, CEO of De Beers, was born.
    (MC, 1/27/02)

1934        Jan 28, The 1st US rope ski tow began operation at Woodstock, Vermont.
    (MC, 1/28/02)

1934        Jan 29, Fritz Haber (65), German chemist (Nobel 1918), died. In the 1920s Haber exhaustively searched for a method to extract gold from sea water, and published a number of scientific papers on the subject. However, after years of research, he concluded that the concentration of gold dissolved in sea water was much lower than those concentrations reported by earlier researchers, and that gold extraction from sea water was uneconomic. In 2005 Daniel Charles authored “Master Mind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Haber)(SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C6)

1934        Jan 31, President Roosevelt devalued the dollar in relation to gold. He raised the price of gold to $35. The United States Gold Reserve Act required that all gold and gold certificates held by the Federal Reserve be surrendered and vested in the sole title of the United States Department of the Treasury.
    (AP, 1/31/00)(WSJ, 11/9/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_Reserve_Act)
1934        Jan 31, President Roosevelt signed the Farm Mortgage Refinancing Act.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1934        Feb 1, Bob Shane was born. He later became a singer in the group: The Kingston Trio: Tom Dooley, M.T.A., Greenback Dollar, Where Have All the Flowers Gone.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1934        Feb 2, The SF Police Commission promulgated a set of regulations regarding dance permits to Barbary Coast nightclubs. These included a prohibition against colored and white people dancing together.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, DB p.50)
1934        Feb 2, Alfred Rosenberg was made philosophical chief of the Nazi Party.
    (HN, 2/2/99)

1934        Feb 5, Hank Aaron, American hall of fame baseball player, homerun hitter, was born weighing 12.25 pounds. He broke Babe Ruth’s record in 1974. In 2010 Howard Bryant authored “The Last Hero: A Life of Henry Aaron."
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.F6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hank_Aaron)

1934        Feb 6, In France anti-republican and Fascist forces seized upon the Stavisky scandal and instigated anti-government demonstrations, culminating in the February 6, 1934 riot in front of the Chamber of Deputies in which 15 were killed. [see Stavisky: Dec, 1933]
    (HNQ, 4/20/99)

1934        Feb 7, The opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" by Gertrude Stein and Virgil Thomson premiered in Hartford, Connecticut. It debuted on Broadway on Feb 20 and became the longest running opera in Broadway history. It was centered on St. Teresa of Avila and St. Ignatius and ran to 4 acts that included 30 saints. It has been called "a surrealist American folk opera." In 1997 Anthony Tommasini wrote Virgil’s biography: "Virgil Thompson: Composer on the Aisle." In 1999 Steven Watson authored "Prepare for Saints: Gertrude Stein, Virgil Thomson, and the Mainstreaming of American Modernism.
    (WSJ, 2/1/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A9)(BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(WSJ, 3/10/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.2)(MC, 2/20/02)(Econ, 10/3/15, p.90)
1934        Feb 7, 1st contract for TVA power was in Tupelo, Miss.
    (MC, 2/7/02)
1934        Feb 7, Kathleen Norris, a SF Bay Area novelist based in Palo Alto, summed up a trip to Germany saying Hitler has virtually solved problems of unemployment and poverty. She said the leader was idolized everywhere as the people’s rescuer.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.50)

1934        Feb 10, An Admiral Byrd souvenir stamp sheet was issued, NYC. It was the 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp.
    (MC, 2/10/02)
1934        Feb 10, A Jewish immigrant ship 1st broke the English blockade in Palestine.
    (MC, 2/10/02)

1934        Feb 11, Mary Quant, fashion designer (Chelsea Look, Mod Look), was born in Kent, England.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1934        Feb 12, In Austria a civil war began and lasted sixteen days, as leftists and conservatives took up arms against each other.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Engelbert_Dollfuss)(Econ 6/3/17, p.46)

1934        Feb 13, George Segal, actor, banjo player (Carbon Copy, Fun with Dick and Jane), was born.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1934        Feb 15, U.S. Congress passed the Civil Works Emergency Relief Act, allotting new funds for Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1934        Feb 16, Thousands of Socialists battled Communists at a rally in New York’s Madison Square Garden.
    (HN, 2/16/98)

1934        Feb 17, 1st high school auto driving course was offered by State College, Penn.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1934        Feb 18, Aldo Ceccato, conductor (Detroit Symph Orch 1973-77), was born in Milan, Italy.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1934        Feb 18, Audre Lord, poet, was born.
    (AP, 2/18/01)

1934        Feb 20, In San Francisco a fire destroyed the recently opened Anchor Brewing Co. at 1610 Harrison St. The plant specialized in steam beer for which SF was once famous.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, DB p.50)

1934        Feb 21, Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino was assassinated by National Guard.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1934        Feb 22, George "Sparky" Anderson, baseball manager (Reds, Tigers), was born in SD.
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1934        Feb 22, The romantic comedy "It Happened One Night," starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, opened at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
    (AP, 2/22/00)

1934        Feb 23, Edward William Elgar (76), English composer (Coronation Ode), died.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1934        Feb 24, Renata Scotto, soprano (Violetta, La Traviata), was born in Savona, Italy.

1934        Feb 27, Ralph Nader, consumer advocate, was born. He was Connecticut lawyer who invented the automobile safety movement. His 1965 book "Unsafe at Any Speed" characterized the Chevrolet Corvair as unsafe and pushed for a congressional investigation.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(HN, 2/27/01)
1934        Feb 27, Compania de Cementos Argos was founded in Medellin, Colombia. In 1936, the factory began production and it issued its first dividend in 1938.

1934        Mar 1, Primo Carnera beat Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
    (SC, 3/1/02)
1934        Mar 1, Henry Pu Yi was crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1934        Mar 2, Doug Watkins jazz musician (bass: Pepper-Knepper Quintet, Hank Mobley Quartet, Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers), was born.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1934        Mar 2, Union Pacific tested a light-weight high-speed passenger train in Omaha.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1934        Mar 3, It was reported that Alf Haraldsen had found some 150 pounds of ambergris on the shore of Bolinas, Ca. The material, formed in the intestines of whales and used in the manufacture of perfume, was estimated to be worth $75,000.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, DB p.50)
1934        Mar 3, John Dillinger broke out of jail using a wooden pistol in Crown Point, Indiana.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1934        Mar 5, Mother-in-law's day was 1st celebrated in Amarillo, Tx.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1934        Mar 8, It was reported that workmen excavating for the SF Federal Building unearthed the skeletal remains of 3 SF settlers and several gold and silver coins near the corner of McAllister and Hyde streets. Over 20 graves were uncovered during the course of the excavation.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, DB p.45)
1934        Mar 8, Edwin Hubble photo showed as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1934        Mar 9, Uri Gregarin (Yuri Gagarin), first man to orbit the Earth, was born.
    (HN, 3/9/99)

1934        Mar 12, Josip Broz (Tito of Yugoslavia) was freed from jail.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1934        Mar 14, Eugene Cerna, American Astronaut who was the last man on the moon, was born.
    (HN, 3/14/00)

1934        Mar 15, Henry Ford restored the $5 a day wage.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1934        Mar 17, Thousands of blacks battled the police in New York in protest of the Scottsboro trial.
    (HN, 3/17/98)
1934        Mar 17, The Rome Protocols allied Hungary with Italy, Austria and Germany.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)

1934        Mar 20, San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown was born.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.A10)
1934        Mar 20, Test of practical radar apparatus was made by Rudolf Kuhnold in Germany.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1934        Mar 22, Orrin Hatch, U.S. senator from Utah, was born.
    (HN, 3/22/97)
1934        Mar 22, Philippine independence, granted by the US, was guaranteed to begin in 1945.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)

1934        Mar 24, President Roosevelt signed a bill granting future independence to the Philippines.
    (AP, 3/23/97)
1934        Mar 24, San Francisco’s 103-foot Mount Davidson Cross was illuminated by Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt via an electrical impulse telegraphed to turn on floodlights at the base. It was created by architect George Kelham. This was the 5th cross created at this site. The first was erected in 1923 as a memorial to the veterans of WW I.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Davidson_%28California%29)(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A1,11)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(SFC, 1/5/00, p.A18)(SFC, 8/14/13, p.D5)

1934        Mar 25, Gloria Steinem, political activist, editor, was born.
    (HN, 3/25/01)

1934        Mar 26, Alan Arkin, actor (Catch 22, In-Laws, Simon, Wait Until Dark), was born in NYC.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1934        Mar 26, Driving tests were introduced in Britain.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1934        Mar 26, Switzerland banned all slanderous criticism of state institutions in the press and threatened the suspension of publications if the ban was not heeded.
    (HN, 3/25/98)

1934        Mar, In SF Michael R. Catalano, underworld figure, was murdered.
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, DB p.50)

1934        Apr 1, Two Texas Highway Patrol officers, E.B. Wheeler (26) and H.D. Murphy (24), were killed by Henry Methvin, a gang member of Bonnie and Clyde, as they approached the gang’s car near Grapevine, Texas.
    (ON, 7/02, p.2)(SFC, 8/13/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/26/08, p.A13)
1934        Apr 1, India’s Reserve Bank of India was established.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.76)

1934        Apr 3, Jane van Lawick-Goodall, ethologist (studied African chimps, 1974 Walker Prize), was born in London, England. She was a British anthropologist, known for her work with African chimpanzees. In 2000 her autobiography "Africa in My Blood: An Autobiography in Letters, The Early Years, 1934-1966," was edited by Dale Peterson.
    (HN, 3/4/99)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.6)(SC, 3/4/02)(MC, 4/3/02)

1934        Apr 6, 418 Lutheran ministers were arrested in Germany.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1934        Apr 7, In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1934        Apr 10, David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)

1934        Apr 11, Richard A. Garland, artist, photographer, was born.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1934        Apr 12,    The F. Scott Fitzgerald novel "Tender Is the Night" was first published by Scribner's in New York. It had been serialized in Scribner's Magazine.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
1934        Apr 12, In New Hampshire a weather station on Mount Washington recorded a record wind gust of 231 mph before the anemometer broke.
    (SSFC, 4/12/09, p.C10)

1934        Apr 13, Some 4.7 million US families were reported to be receiving welfare payments.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1934        Apr 18, The 1st laundromat, called a "Washateria," opened in Fort Worth, Tx.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
1934        Apr 18, Hitler named Joachim von Ribbentrop, ambassador for disarmament.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1934        Apr 19, Shirley Temple appeared in her first movie.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1934        Apr 21, Moe Berg, Senators catcher (and later US spy), played an AL record 117th consecutive, errorless game.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1934        Apr 24, Shirley MacLaine, actress, mystic (Irma la Douce), was born in Richmond, Va.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1934        Apr 25, Denny "Scott" Miller, actor (Wagon Train), was born in Bloomington, Ind.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1934        Apr 28, FDR signed a Home Owners Loan Act.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1934        Apr, An earthquake shook western Honduras.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.25)

1934        May 1, The Philippine legislature accepted a U.S. proposal for independence.
    (HN, 5/1/98)

1934        May 2, Nazi Germany began "People's court."
    (MC, 5/2/02)
1934        May 2, In Germany a Chancellery meeting took place between Adolph Hitler and executives of General Motors Corp. and its German division (Opel). Opel quickly became an essential element in German rearmament. Over the next 4 years GM’s workforce in Germany grew from 17,000 to 27,000.
    (SSFC, 1/7/07, p.E6)

1934        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White).
    (MC, 5/7/02)
1934        May 7, World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) was found at Palawan, Philippines.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1934        May 9, Alan Bennett, playwright, actor (Secret Policeman's Other Ball, Beyond the Fringe), was born in England.
    (MC, 5/9/02)
1934        May 9, The San Francisco waterfront strike began. The Int’l. Longshoremen’s Association (ILA), headed by Australian immigrant Harry Bridges, shut down seaports in Washington, Oregon and California for 3 months. Union workers went on strike for a 6 hour day and a hiring hall to replace the company operated Blue Book Union on the waterfront. Strike breakers were housed in ships to avoid getting beat up by the dock workers. In 1996 David F. Selvin published "A Terrible Anger: The 1934 Waterfront and General Strikes in San Francisco." [see Jul 5]
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.5)(SFEM, 3/2/97, p.21)(SFC, 8/4/97, p.E5)(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1934        May 10, The US Revenue Act required that anyone filing a federal tax return also complete a pink form with individual tax information that became public information. It was repealed in June, 1935.
    (WSJ, 4/3/06, p.B1)(http://tinyurl.com/pmac7)

1934        May 12, "Cocktails For Two" by Duke Ellington hit #1.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1934        May 13, A great dustbowl storm occurred. [see Apr 14, 1935]
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1934        May 13, C. Jackson discovered asteroid #1320, Impala.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1934        May 15, US Dept. of Justice offered $25,000 reward for John Dillinger, dead or alive.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1934        May 18, The Academy Award was 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky).
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1934        May 18, Congress approved the "Lindbergh Act", which made kidnapping a capital offense.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1934        May 18, TWA began commercial service.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1934        May 19, James Lehrer, broadcast journalist, was born in Wichita, Ks.
    (HN, 5/19/01)

1934        May 23, Robert A. Moog, electrical engineer, creator of the Moog synthesizer, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)
1934        May 23, Wallace Carothers manufactured the 1st nylon, polymer 66.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1934        May 23, Bonnie Parker (23) and Clyde Barrow (24) were shot some 4 dozen times early in the morning in a police ambush by Texas Rangers as they were driving a stolen Ford Deluxe along a road in Bienville Parish, near Sailes, La. This ended the most spectacular manhunt seen in America up to that time. The pair had spent the previous 2 years killing and robbing banks in the Midwest. Bonnie Parker was 19 and Clyde Barrow was 21 when they met in Dallas in 1930. By the time the Barrow gang's crime spree ended four years later, Bonnie, Clyde, Clyde's brother Buck and Buck's wife had terrorized the Southwest and Midwest and were believed to have committed 13 murders. In 1997 Clyde’s bullet-ridden shirt was auctioned off to a Nevada casino for $85,000. His largest theft was estimated at $4,000. In 1979 Ted Hinton and Larry Grove authored "Ambush: The Real Story of Bonnie and Clyde." In 2009 Jeff Guinn authored “Go Down Together: the True Untold Story of Bonnie and Clyde."
    (SFC, 4/3/97, p.A13)(SFC, 4/15/97, p.A13)(AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/02)(ON, 7/02, p.3)(WSJ, 3/10/09, p.A13)

1934        May 25, David J. Burke, writer, was born in Liverpool, England.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1934        May 25, Ron Nesson, press secretary (Gerald Ford), was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1934        May 25, Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premiered.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1934        May 25, Gustav Theodore Holst (59), English composer (Ode to Death), died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1934        May 26, Century of Progress Exposition reopened in Chicago.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1934        May 27, Harlan [Jay] Ellison, US sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Doomsman, Babylon 5), was born.
    (MC, 5/27/02)   

1934        May 28, The Dionne quintuplets—Annette, Cecile, Emilie, Marie and Yvonne—were born to Elzire Dionne at the family farm in Ontario, Canada. The were children removed from their parents by the Ontario government and put on public display, before paying customers, at a theme-like-park called Quintland. In 1998 3 surviving sisters accepted a $2.8 million settlement from the Ontario government.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1934)(AP, 5/28/97)
1934        May 28, In San Francisco nearly 1,000 longshoremen clashed with police at Pier 18 on the 20th day of their strike. Alphonse Metzgar was shot in the back with light buckshot.
    (SSFC, 5/24/09, DB p.39)

1934        May 29, Eugenie Besserer (65), actress (Anna Christie, Madame X), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1934        May 29, Heihachiro Tojo, Japanese Admiral (Russian-Japanese War), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1934        May 31, Maurice Wilson (36),  British soldier, mystic, mountaineer and aviator, died in an ill-fated attempt to climb Mount Everest alone. In 2021 Ed Caesar authored "The Moth and the Mountain," an account of Wilson's venture.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Wilson)(Econ., 11/21/20, p.78)

1934        May, Stalin’s regime officially set up the Jewish Autonomous Region of Birobidzhan.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.7)

1934        Jun 2, Sunny Jim Rolph (b.1869), former mayor of SF (1912-1931) and Governor of California (1931-1934), died. He lived at his home at 288 San Jose Ave. in the Mission throughout his life.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.5)(SSFC, 5/31/09, DB p.50)

1934        Jun 3, Dr. Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, was knighted.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1934        Jun 5, Bill Moyers, American broadcast journalist, was born. He served as President Lyndon B. Johnson’s press secretary. He also made numerous documentaries for the Public Broadcasting System.
    (HN, 6/5/99)
1934        Jun 6, US Congress created the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This was accompanied by requirements for public companies to disclose information.
    (AP, 6/6/97)(WSJ, 3/22/04, p.A12)

1934        Jun 7, The US Corporate Bankruptcy Act allowed corporations to reorganize.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1934        Jun 9, Donald Duck made his 1st screen appearance ("The Wise Little Hen"). His distinctive quack was voiced originally by Clarence Nash.
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1934        Jun 11, The Disarmament Conference in Geneva ended in failure.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1934        Jun 12, The US Farm Mortgage Foreclosure Act allowed federal loans to farmers to recover property lost to foreclosure.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1934        Jun 19, The first movie of the sun was taken.
    (DTnet, 6/19/97)
1934        Jun 19, President Roosevelt signed the US Communications Act. It established the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to supervise radio, telegraph and telephone communications.
    (WSJ, 11/3/97, p.A20)(AP, 6/19/06)
1934        Jun 19, The US National Archives and Records Administration was established under Pres. Franklin Roosevelt.
    (HN, 6/19/98)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.B1)

1934        Jun 21, [James] Thorne Smith, US fantasy author (Stray Lamb, Turnabout), died.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1934        Jun 22, San Francisco Police Capt. Charles Goff voiced the sensational charge that carefully planned communistic programs are being carried out in SF schools and churches.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)
1934        Jun 22, "Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH, Konstruktionen und Beratung für Motoren- und Fahrzeugbau" received the go-ahead from the "Reichsverband der Automobilindustrie (RDA)" (the Association of the German Reich of the Automotive Industry) to construct and build the Volkswagen. Hitler had asked Ferdinand Porsche Sr., owner of a consulting and design firm, to build a "people’s car," from which resulted the Volkswagen. Porsche took the design from the Tatra T97 of Czechoslovakia’s Hans and Erich Ledwinka.
    (http://tinyurl.com/22n6kb6)(SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.20)

1934        Jun 23, Italy gained the right to colonize Albania after defeating the country.
    (HN, 6/23/98)

1934        Jun 26, The Federal Credit Union Act was passed.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.32)

1934        Jun 27, Anna Moffo, soprano (Lucia, Traviata), was born in Wayne, Penn.
    (MC, 6/27/02)
1934        Jun 27, The US Federal Savings & Loan Association created. [see Jun 26]
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1934        Jun 28, President Roosevelt signed into law the National Housing Act, which established the Federal Housing Administration.
    (AP, 6/28/97)
1934        Jun 28, Hitler flew to Essen (Night of Long Knifes) where a massive purge of SA (storm troopers) was carried out to placate the Army and the high command. [see Jun 30]
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1934        Jun 30, Harry Blackstone (d.5/14/1997), magician, was born in Three Rivers, Mich.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A26)
1934        Jun 30, In San Francisco a group of men with sledgehammers and crowbars attacked the headquarters of the Western Worker, a Communist Party publication, near the Civic Center Plaza. They fled when men associated with the publication rushed out from a back room.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, DB p.50)
1934        Jun 30, Adolf Hitler began his "blood purge" of political and military leaders in Germany. Among those killed was one-time Hitler ally Ernst Roehm (46), gay leader of the Nazi stormtroopers. Hitler personally confronted Rohm in a jail cell and left a single shot pistol in the cell. Ten minutes later, Rohm had killed himself. Hitler purged the Nazi Party by destroying the SA and bringing to power the SS in the "Night of the Long Knives." Also killed were Gregor Strasser (42), German pharmacist, Nazi leader and Karl Ernst, German SA-leader.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(HN, 6/30/98)(MC, 6/30/02)

1934        Jun, Sen. Norris of Nebraska declared that Samuel L. Insull, head of recently bankrupt Middle West Utilities, "was careful to regulate the regulator." It took 7 years to fully unravel the financial structure of MWU.
    (WSJ, 2/4/02, p.A1)

1934         Jul 1, Sydney Pollack, film director (Tootsie, Presumed Innocent, The Firm, Out of Africa), was born in Lafayette, Indiana.
1934        Jul 1, Jamie Farr (Jameel Farah) (actor: M*A*S*H, The Blackboard Jungle, Scrooged, Cannonball Run, With Six You Get Egg Roll), was born.
    (MC, 7/1/02)
1934        Jul 1, The 1st x-ray photo of entire body was made in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1934            Jul 4, Boxer Joe Louis won his first professional fight, knocking out Jack Kracken in the first round in Chicago. He won 12 fights that year, all in Chicago, 10 by knockout.
    (HN, 7/4/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Louis#Early_life_and_career)
1934        Jul 4, Jordanians revolted in Amsterdam after reduction in employment.
    (Maggio, 98)
1934        Jul 4, "Madame" Marie Curie-Sklodovska, Polish-born French chemist and Nobel Prize winner, died in Paris of leukemia caused by her long exposure to radiation. In 1937 Eve Curie authored "Madame Curie, a Biography." In 2004 Barbara Goldsmith authored “Obsessive Genius: The Inner World of Marie Curie."
    (ON, 3/00, p.2)(http://myhero.com/myhero/hero.asp?hero=madameCurie)(SSFC, 12/5/04, p.E2)

1934        Jul 5, During the West Coast maritime strike Mayor Angelo J. Rossi, a former florist, unleashed the city’s violently anti-union police department on the workers. 33 people were shot with 2 men killed in what came to be called "Bloody Thursday." Police fired into a crowd of strikers at Steuart and Mission streets and killed Howard S. Sperry and Nickolas Bordoise. Another 109 strikers were wounded. Police had tried to escort scabs to the docks. Civil liberties attorneys Ernest Besig (d.1998 at 94), and Chester Williams were called in from New York. They founded a local American Civil Liberties Union and sued SF and Oakland for failure to protect striker’s First Amendment rights.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W31)(SFC, 11/21/98, p.C2)(SFC, 9/27/02, p.D11)(SSFC, 7/3/11, DB p.38)

1934        Jul 9, SS-Reichs Fuhrer Heinrich Himmler assumed command of German Concentration Camps.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1934        Jul 11, President Roosevelt became the first chief executive to travel through the Panama Canal while in office.
    (AP, 7/11/97)

1934        Jul 12, Van Cliburn, American concert pianist, was born.
    (HN, 7/12/01)

1934        Jul 13, Wole Soyinka, Nobel Prize-winning Nigerian playwright, was born.
    (HN, 7/13/01)

1934        Jul 16, The nation’s 1st general strike was called in San Francisco in response to violence and disregard of worker’s rights in the waterfront strike. Some 140,000 workers walked off their jobs. It collapsed after 4 days. Seven men were killed and thousands were injured. The general strike ended after 4 days and went into arbitration. In the fall arbitrators gave the union a hiring hall, a 6-hour day and a small wage increase. [see May 9, Jul 5]
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.5)(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 9/27/02, p.D11)(PCh, 1992, p.826)

1934        Jul 18, Cotton-mill workers in the US south went on strike. The UTW locals in the northern part of Alabama launched a strike in Huntsville, Alabama, then spread to Florence, Anniston, Gadsden, and Birmingham. While the strike was popular, it was also ineffective: many employers welcomed it as a means of cutting their expenses, since they had warehouses full of unsold goods. A documentary called the "Uprising of ‘34" was made in 1995 and scheduled for PBS on 6/27/95.
    (WSJ, 6/13/95, p.A-1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile_workers_strike_%281934%29)

1934        Jul 22, John Dillinger (b.1903) was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater. FBI agent Murray Faulkner, brother of William Faulkner, helped in the killing. In 1924 Dillinger was sent to the Indiana State Reformatory for holding up a grocer, and was later transferred to the Michigan City, Indiana, State Prison, where he hatched a plan for a mass breakout with a group of other infamous convicts. When Dillinger was paroled in 1933, he robbed several banks to provide money for his friends’ escape. He was caught in Ohio, but by then his friends had escaped and they helped him break out. Dillinger’s supposed death remains mysterious. Anna Sage, the "Lady in Red," had agreed to deliver Dillinger to the FBI if they would stop deportation proceedings against her. The setup went as planned, and the FBI shot the man with Anna Sage. Dillinger was famous for the size of his penis, which was "reportedly" severed and shown at exclusive viewings.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(SFC, 12/26/97, p.C22)(HNPD, 7/22/98)(HN, 7/22/99)

1934        Jul 25, Austrian Premier Engelbert Dollfus (b.1892) was assassinated in Vienna as part of a failed coup attempt by Nazi agents.

1934        Jul 26, Winsor McCay (b.1871), cartoonist, died. His “Little Nemo In Slumberland" was launched by the NY Herald in 1905. An art book reproducing over 100 of his best pages in full broadsheet was published in 2005.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.E1)(www.who2.com/winsormccay.html)

1934        Jul 28, Jacques D'Amboise, dancer, educator (NYC Ballet Company), was born.
    (SC, 7/28/02)
1934        Jul 28, 118° F (48° C) at Orofino, Idaho was a state record.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1934        Jul 29, The West Coast longshoremen’s strike came to an end on its 82nd day when the dock workers’ leaders accepted conditions proposed by the National Longshoremen’s board, pending arbitration. Men returned to work on July 31.
    (SSFC, 7/26/09, DB p.42)(www.lib.washington.edu/exhibits/STRIKES!/exh.html)

1934        Jul 30, Kurt von Schuschnigg replaced Dollfus as Premier of Austria until the Nazis seized the government in 1938. Schuschnigg was then interned in a concentration camp.
    (WUD, 1994, p.424,1682)

1934        Jul, The Hollywood Motion Picture Production Code, formalized in 1930, went into effect. Hollywood studios began enforcing the 1930 Hays Code on morals in films.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.53)(SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.3)(AH, 2/05, p.47)

1934        Aug 2, The 1st airplane train towed 3 mail gliders behind it.
    (MC, 8/2/02)
1934        Aug 2, Pres. Paul von Hindenburg of Germany died. Within hours Adolf Hitler announced a law, dated the previous day, that made him Reichsfuhrer, an office that combined the duties of president and chancellor.

1934        Aug 7, the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling striking down the government’s attempt to ban the controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses."
    (AP, 8/7/97)

1934        Aug 11, The US government opened a maximum security prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay and the first federal prisoners arrived. From the time it opened to 1937 there was no talking by prisoners allowed. Federal convicts from McNeil Island Prison in Washington joined a small number of military prisoners, left over from the island‘s time as a US Army prison. The facility had been used as a military prison since 1859, but was redesigned to be a high-security penitentiary for the "most dangerous" prisoners. The prison closed in 1963.
    (AP, 8/11/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W30)(HNQ, 7/10/00)(OAH, 2/05, p.A6)

1934        Aug 12, Augustus E. Thomas (b.1857), American Playwright, died. He is often called the first playwright to deal in thoroughly American themes.
1934        Aug 12, Hendrik Petrus Berlage (b.1856), the father of modern Dutch architecture, died at The Hague.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hendrik_Petrus_Berlage)(Econ, 9/27/14, IL p.11)

1934        Aug 13, The satirical comic strip "Li’l Abner," created by Al Capp, made its debut.
    (AP, 8/13/97)
1934        Aug 13, United Aircraft was removed from the DJIA. National Distillers and Chemical Corp. was added.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1934        Aug 16, US ended its occupation of Haiti (begun in 1915).
    (MC, 8/16/02)
1934        Aug 16, US explorer William Beebe descended 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere.
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1934        Aug 18, Vincent Bugliosi, attorney, author (Helter-Skelter), was born in Hibbing, Minn.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1934        Aug 19, A plebiscite in Germany approved the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler as Fuhrer. 38 million Germans voted to make Adolf Hitler the official successor to President von Hindenburg.
    (AP, 8/19/97)(HN, 8/19/00)

1934        Aug 20, Gangster Al Capone and 42 other prisoners traveled in steel barred railroad coaches to Alcatraz after being transferred the federal penitentiary in Atlanta, Ga.
    (SSFC, 8/9/09, DB p.46)

1934        Aug 22, H. Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War (1991), was born in Trenton, NJ.
    (HN, 8/22/98)(MC, 8/22/02)
1934        Aug 22, Alcatraz began operations as a US federal prison as Al Capone and 52 other felons arrived from eastern prisons.
    (SSFC, 8/17/14, p.42)

1934        Aug 23, Sonny (Christian) Jurgensen, professional football player and sports announcer, was born in North Carolina.
    (HN, 8/23/00)

1934        Aug 24, In Philadelphia, Pa., Philo T. Farnsworth (28), a San Francisco scientist, produced a televised picture of the moon, the first recorded use of television in astronomy.
    (SSFC, 8/16/09, p.46)

1934        Aug 27, Arlen, Ira Gershwin & Harburg musical premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1934        Sep 1, Jose Maria Velasco (1893-1979) began serving as president of Ecuador. He served 5 terms, but only one (1952-1956) without being ousted by the army.

1934        Sep 3, Tunisia began its move for independence.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1934        Sep 7-8, The luxury liner "Morro Castle," enroute from Havana to NYC, caught fire and ran aground at Asbury Park, NJ. 134 people were killed. [see Sep 8]

1934        Sep 8, Peter Maxwell Davies, composer (Prolation, Taverner), was born in Manchester, England.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1934        Sep 8, 134 people lost their lives in a fire aboard the liner Morro Castle off the New Jersey coast. The crew of the cruise ship let a small blaze get out of control and commandeered most of the spots in the lifeboats. Only 15 passengers survived as compared to 119 crew. 124 people died. The event was part of a 1999 TV documentary "Escape, Because Accident Happen" for a NOVA miniseries. [see Sep 7]
    (AP, 9/8/97)(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)

1934        Sep 9, Sonia Sanchez, poet, was born in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (HN, 9/9/00)
1934        Sep 9, G. Kaufman and M. Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1934        Sep 10, Charles Kuralt (d.Jul 4, 1997), TV journalist, was born in Wilmington, NC. He was known for his popular "On the Road" television program.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A5)(HN, 9/10/00)
1934        Sep 10, John Fery (b.1859), Austrian-born American wildlife artist, died in Washington state. His works were large format, often over 100 sq. ft. and his largest customer was the Great Northern Railway. Fery's paintings were hung in train stations and other places, promoting travel, particularly to Glacier National Park, Montana.

1934        Sep 12, Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signed the Baltic Entente in Geneva against the USSR.
    (LC, 1998, p.24)(MC, 9/12/01)

1934        Sep 13, Judge Landis sold the World Series broadcast rights to Ford for $100,000.
    (MC, 9/13/01)

1934        Sep 14, Kate Millet, feminist writer, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota. Her work included “Sexual Politics."
    (HN, 9/14/00)(www.infoplease.com)

1934        Sep 16, Anti-Nazi Lutherans staged a protest in Munich.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1934        Sep 17, RCA Victor released 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th).
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1934        Sep 18, The League of Nations admitted the Soviet Union. Joseph Avenol, secretary-general of the League of Nations, sold out the organization he had sworn to uphold.
    (WUD, 1994, p.424,1682)(HN, 9/18/98)

1934        Sep 19, Brian Epstein, rock manager (Beatles), was born.
    (MC, 9/19/01)
1934        Sep 19, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh infant. [see Sep 20]
    (AP, 9/19/97)

1934        Sep 20, Sophia Loren, actress (Desire Under the Elms, Black Orchid), was born in Rome.
    (MC, 9/20/01)
1934        Sep 20, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested for the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby. [see Sep 19]
    (HN, 9/20/98)

1934        Sep 21, A typhoon struck Honshu Island, Japan, and killed 4,000.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1934        Sep 24, Babe Ruth made his farewell appearance as a regular player with the New York Yankees in a game against the Boston Red Sox. The Sox won, 5-0.
    (AP, 9/24/04)

1934        Sep 26, The British liner Queen Mary was launched. [see May 27, 1936]
    (MC, 9/26/01)

1934        Sep 28, Brigitte Bardot, French film actress, sex kitten (And God Created Women), was born in Paris.
    (HN, 9/28/00)(MC, 9/28/01)

1934        Sep 29, In Vallejo, Ca., the body of Joe Soon (40), a member of the Hop Sing tong, was found dead in the Vallejo business district with a hatchet wound between the eyes and 4 bullets in his torso. The murderers were believed to be hatchetmen from San Francisco’s Chinatown.
    (SSFC, 9/27/09, p.50)

1934        Oct 1, Adolph Hitler expanded the German army and navy and created an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles.
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1934        Oct 5, Jean Vigo (b.1905), French film director, died. His films included "A Propos de Nice " (1929), "Taris" (1931", "Zero for Conduct" (1933) and "L'Atalante" (1934). His work influenced French New Wave cinema of the late 1950s and early 1960s.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Vigo)(SFC, 10/30/18, p.E1)

1934        Oct 7, [Everett] Leroi Jones (Imamu Amiri Baraka), playwright, was born.
    (HN, 10/7/00)(MC, 10/7/01)
1934        Oct 7, Ulrike Meinhof, German Red Army member, was born.
    (MC, 10/7/01)

1934        Oct 8, Bruno Hauptmann, a carpenter and illegal alien, was indicted for murder in the death of the infant son of Charles A. Lindbergh. He had been caught with $14,000 of the Lindbergh baby ransom money.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A16)(AP, 10/8/97)

1934        Oct 9, In Marseilles, a Macedonian revolutionary associated with Croat terrorists in Hungary assassinated King Alexander of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou. The two had been on a tour of European capitals in quest of an alliance against Nazi Germany. The assassinations brought the threat of war between Yugoslavia and Hungary, but confrontation was prevented by the League of Nations. 2 newsreel cameramen captured the assassination on film
    (HN, 10/9/98)(WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A8)

1934        Oct 12, In San Francisco the new Coit Tower in Pioneer Park on Telegraph Hill opened to the public. At least 8 frescoes, painted by 27 artists employed by the WPA, were washed out and eliminated because they were “architecturally inharmonious." The July 7 opening date had been cancelled due to controversy over the new frescoes. Victor Arnautoff (1896-1979), Russian-born social realist, was in charge.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.50)(SFC, 7/8/17, p.C2)(SFC, 9/7/17 p.D5)

1934        Oct 13, Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer (Try to Remember), was born in Crete.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1934        Oct 16, Mao Tse-tung decided to abandon his base in Kiangsi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalists. With his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he set out on the "Long March." In late 1935, with 8,000 survivors, he reached Hanoi in northwest China, and established Chinese Communist headquarters. In 2006 Andrew McEwen and Ed Jocelyn authored “The Long March: The Story Behind the Legendary Journey That Made Mao’s China." Also in 2006 Sun Shuyun authored “The Long March."
    (HN, 10/16/98)(www.kimsoft.com/korea/eyewit03.htm)

1934        Oct 17, "The Aldrich Family" premiered on radio.
    (MC, 10/17/01)
1934        Oct 17, "Handsome" Harry Pierpont, bank robber, was executed in the electric chair in Columbus, Ohio, for the murder of Sheriff Jesse Sarber.

1934        Oct 18, Santiago Ramon y Cajal (b.1852), Spanish neuroscientist and Nobel Laureate (1906), died. “Every man can, if he so desires, become the sculptor of his own brain." His original pioneering investigations of the microscopic structure of the brain have led his being designated by many, as the father of modern neuroscience.

1934        Oct 20, Michael Dunn, actor (House of the Damned, Ship of Fools), was born in Shattuck, Ok.
    (MC, 10/20/01)
1934        Oct 20, An all-star team led by Babe Ruth and Connie Mack sailed to Hawaii and Japan.
    (MC, 10/20/01)
1934        Oct 20, Richard Strauss completed his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau."
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1934        Oct 22, Donald McIntyre, Bass-Baritone (Wotan, Hans Sachs), was born in Auckland, NZ.
    (MC, 10/22/01)
1934        Oct 22, Bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was shot to death by federal agents at a farm in East Liverpool, Ohio.
    (AP, 10/22/97)

1934        Oct 23, Jean Piccard and Jeanette Ridlen attained a record balloon height of 17,341m.
    (MC, 10/23/01)

1934        Oct 24, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, called Mahatma or "Great Soul," resigned from Congress in India.
    (HN, 10/24/98)

1934        Oct 27, Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, was born.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1934        Oct 28, In Redwood City, Ca., a crowd of 20,000 people gathered at the temporary Pulgas Water Temple to witness the first Sierra water begin to empty into Crystal Springs Lake. The Pulgas Water Temple near the Crystal Springs Reservoir was modeled after the Sunol Water Temple designed by Willis Polk. This marked the end of the 20-year SF water project led by engineer Michael O'Shaugnessy (d.10/18/34) [see Oct 12].
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A21)(SFC, 9/27/97, p.A24)(Ind, 3/11/00, p.5A)

1934        Oct, In San Francisco flammable eucalyptus fueled another fire in Sutro’s forest. It took nearly the entire SF Fire Dept, some 400 men, to put it out.
    (SFC, 2/27/13, p.A9)

1934        Nov 1, Jeanette MacDonald arrived in San Francisco for the upcoming premier of “The Merry Widow," in which she co-starred with Maurice Chevalier.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, DB p.42)(TVM, 1977, p.470)

1934        Nov 2, In San Francisco a fight for control of the beer market expanded as brewers matched the prices of Humboldt Brewery at $1 a case of 24 pints.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, DB p.42)
1934        Nov 2, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, and Connie Mack headlined the roster of 15 stars who visited Japan to display their baseball skills.

1934        Nov 4, The new $400,000, 6,500-seat, Bay Meadows horse racing track opened in San Mateo, Ca., under the direction of Bill Kyne (d.1957). Gov. Frank Merriam christened the one-mile track, which opened on the grounds of an old airfield. Jockey George Burns rode 5 winners, three of them in a row. The track featured the new $250,000 totalizer machine to display bets and payoff. The last day of regular racing was May 11, 2008. A final racing was scheduled for the 2008 county Fair, August 6-18.
    (Ind, 5/13/00,5A)(SFC, 3/23/07, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/08, p.A4)

1934        Nov 6, The first Rotary club in Lithuania, the Rotary club of Kaunas, was legally incorporated. It received its charter on 5 May 1935 from the then District Governor of Finland in the Kaunas Town Hall.

1934        Nov 9, Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer, was born. He was instrumental in robotic space exploration and who made Cosmos, a documentary about the universe.
    (HN, 11//99)

1934        Nov 12, Charles Manson, [No Name Maddox], mass murderer, was born in Cincinnati, Oh.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1934        Nov 14, In San Francisco a fire started when water backed up into the AJ Clark Trucking Co. warehouse and penetrated hundreds of sacks of unslaked lime. 21 firemen suffered burn injuries.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, DB p.46)

1934        Nov 15, Financier Marriner Eccles (1890-1977), appointed by Pres. Franklin Roosevelt began serving as chairman of the US Federal Reserve. He continued as head of the Fed to 1948.
    (Econ 7/15/17, p.63)(Econ, 8/12/17, p.56)

1934        Nov 16, Carl P.G. von Linde (92), German physicist, died.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1934        Nov 17, Lyndon Baines Johnson married Claudia Alta Taylor, better known as "Lady Bird," in San Antonio, Texas.
    (AP, 11/17/07)
1934        Nov 17, Victor J. Bergeron (1903-1984), aka Trader Vic, opened Hinky Dink’s, a small food-and-beer joint at 65th and San Pablo in Oakland, Ca. He expanded his business and in 1951 opened Trader Vic’s in SF at 20 Cosmo Place.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, DB p.46)

1934        Nov 20, Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/20/01)
1934        Nov 20, The McCormack–Dickstein Committee began examining evidence on the Business Plot against Franklin Roosevelt. On November 24 the committee released a statement detailing the testimony it had heard about the plot and its preliminary findings. On February 15, 1935, the committee submitted its final report to the House of Representatives. During the hearings Retired Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler testified that Gerald C. MacGuire attempted to recruit him to lead a coup, promising him an army of 500,000 men for a march on Washington, DC, and financial backing. Butler testified that the pretext for the coup would be that the president's health was failing.

1934        Nov 21, The Cole Porter musical “Anything Goes," starring Ethel Merman as Reno Sweeney, premiered at New York's Alvin Theatre.
    (HN, 11/21/00)(AP, 11/21/04)
1934        Nov 21, A court ruled Gloria Vanderbilt unfit for custody of her daughter.
    (HN, 11/21/98)

1934        Nov 22, "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" was 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1934        Nov 23, U.S. and Britain agreed on a 5-5-3 naval ratio with both countries allowed to build five million tons of naval ships while Japan can only build three; Japan denounced the treaty.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1934        Nov 26, German theologian Karl Barth surrendered to Nazis.
    (MC, 11/26/01)

1934        Nov 27, "Baby Face" Nelson (26), [Lester Gillis], gangster, shot by FBI.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1934)(MC, 11/27/01)
1934        Nov 27, In Bolivia President Salamanca was suddenly deposed by the Bolivian military.

1934        Nov 28, Churchill told Premier Baldwin not to under estimate German air power.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)

1934        Nov 30, Lazaro Cardenas, following July elections, began serving as PRI president (1934-1940) of Mexico.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A26)

1934        Dec 1, In Bolivia Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano (1882-1938) was installed as president by the military. He served to 1936 and was succeeded by David Toro.
    (SFC, 4/25/09, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Luis_Tejada_Sorzano)
1934        Dec 1, Sergei M. Kirov, a collaborator of Josef Stalin, was assassinated in Leningrad, a stronghold of opposition to Stalin. This resulted in a massive purge. Kirov was succeeded by Andrei Zdhanov, who became the virtual dictator of literary and artistic policies of the USSR.
    (AP, 12/1/98)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.A12)

1934        Dec 2, The 5.08-m (200") Mt. Palomar Observatory mirror was cast.
    (MC, 12/2/01)

1934        Dec 5, Joan Didion, essayist and novelist, was born. Her work includes "Slouching Towards Bethlehem" and "Play it a it Lays."
    (HN, 12/5/00)
1934        Dec 5, Italian and Ethiopian troops clashed at the Ualual on disputed Somali-Ethiopian border.
    (HN, 12/5/98)

1934        Dec 7, Wiley Post discovered the jet stream.
    (MC, 12/7/01)

1934        Dec 8, In China John and Betty Stam, Christian missionaries, were beheaded by communist soldiers in a village near Nanking.
    (WSJ, 1/17/03, p.W13)

1934        Dec 9, Judi Dench, actress (Henry V, Wetherby), was born in York, England.
    (MC, 12/9/01)

1934        Dec 14, 1st streamlined steam locomotive was introduced in Albany, NY.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1934        Dec 10, Harold C. Urey (1893-1981), US chemist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work with deuterium.

1934        Dec 18, Woodrow Wilson, the 28th US President, appeared on a Gold certificate valued at $100,000,  largest note ever issued by the United States. It was only printed between December 18, 1934 and January 9, 1935 and used only for transactions between Federal Reserve Banks. Salmon P. Chase, the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Lincoln, appeared on the $10,000 bill, James Madison on the $5,000 bill and Grover Cleveland on the $1,000 bill. All of these bills ceased being printed in 1946.
    (HNQ, 11/7/99)(http://tinyurl.com/n9sqnjz)

1934        Dec 20, California’s new state liquor control law went into effect making it legal to sell hard liquor by the drink in hotels, restaurants and clubs.
    (SSFC, 12/20/09, DB p.46)

1934        Dec 27, The 1st youth US hostel opened at Northfield, Mass.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1934        Dec 29, Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 12/29/01)
1934        Dec 29, Japan renounced the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
    (AP, 12/29/97)(HN, 12/29/98)

1934        Dec, In the appeals case of Helvering v Gregory US judge Learned Hand said: Anyone may so arrange his affairs that his taxes shall be as low as possible; he is not bound to choose that pattern which will best pay the Treassury; ther is not even a patriotic duty to increase one’s taxes."
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregory_v._Helvering)
1934        Dec, Parker Brothers purchased the game of Monopoly from George Darrow and rewrote the rules. George Parker had rejected the 1st version of Monopoly submitted by Darrow and cited 52 fundamental errors. In 2003 Philip E. Orbanes authored "The Game Makers: The Story of the Parker Brothers, from Tiddley winks to Trivial Pursuit."
    (Econ, 11/22/03, p.81)(www.adena.com/adena/mo/mo11.htm)

1934        Larry King, talk show host, was born in Brooklyn as Lawrence Harvey Zeigler to Russian-Jewish immigrants.
    (WT-NWA, 7/01, p.43)

1934        In the SF Bay Area Victor Arnautoff (1896-1979), Russian-born social realist, created a 13-foot painting of port workers in Richmond for the city’s post office. “Richmond: Industrial City" disappeared in 1976 when the post office was remodeled. It was found in 2014 and in 2017 a copy was displayed as the centerpiece of a retrospective of the artist.
    (SFC, 9/7/17 p.D5)

1934        The wife of Romanian PM Gheorghe Tatarascu asked Constantin Brancusi to commemorate the citizens of Targu Jiu, who died trying to hold back the WW I Austro-German invasion. Brancusi agreed and created sculptures titled: "Endless Column," "Gate of the Kiss" and "Table of Silence." The 97-foot Endless Column was taken down for restoration in 1996. A 2nd restoration was completed in 2001.
    (WSJ, 11/30/01, p.W12)

1934        Alberto Giacometti, sculptor, created his bronze statue "The Invisible Object (Hands Holding the Void."
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, DB p.42)

1934        Salvadore Dali (1904-1989) painted "The Persistence of Memory." It attracted worldwide attention that led to his first one man show in New York. [2nd source says 1931] Dali in this year pronounced: The only difference between me and a madman is that I am not mad." He also painted "Cardinal, Cardinal!" and "Atmospheric Skull Sodomizing a Grand Piano."
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.30)(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A16)

1934        Rene Magritte painted "The Rape," in which an androgynous face sprouts breasts and pubic hair.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.D12)

1934        The panel of the Ten Just Judges on their way to venerate the Mystic Lamb by Jan and Hubert Van Eyck was stolen from St. Baaf's Cathedral in Ghent, Belgium.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.T11)

1934        The comic stripe character "Mandrake the Magician," created by Leon Falk (d.1999), first appeared. From 1965 the character was drawn by Fred Fredericks. Falk created "The Phantom" in 1936.
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A17)

1934        Lillian Hellman wrote her play "The Children's Hour."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1934        Guy Bolton and P.G. Wodehouse wrote "Anything Goes." It later became a Broadway show with lyric and music by Cole Porter.
    (SFC, 10/30/96, p.E3)

1934         James M. Cain authored "The Postman Always Rings Twice." It became one of the most popular "hard-boiled" crime novels ever written. It is said that Albert Camus was so taken with the book that he used it as a model for "The Stranger."
    (iUniv. 7/1/00)(WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W8)

1934        William Henry Chamberlin, a journalist, published "Russia's Iron Age," which chronicled the depredations of Stalin.
    (WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A16)

1934        David Dodd and Benjamin Graham published their classic "Security Analysis."
    (WSJ, 7/21/99, p.A20)

1934        Emma Goldman authored her autobiography "Living My Life."
    (ON, 4/00, p.5)

1934        Robert Graves authored “I, Claudius."
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.P10)

1934          Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961) authored “The Thin Man."
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0358591/)(SFCM, 2/6/05, p.4)

1934        US writer Ernest Hemingway purchased the Pilar, a 38-foot cabin cruiser in New York for $7,495. In 2011 Paul Hendrickson authored “Hemingway’s Boat: Everything He Loved in Life, and Lost, 1934-1961."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.95)

1934        Janet Lewis wrote "The Invasion," a historical novel on the interplay of French, English and Indian cultures on the American frontier. [first source says it was published in 1932]
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.C2)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.C14)

1934        Prof. Charles Hartshorne (d.2000 at 103) of the Univ. of Chicago authored "the Philosophy and Psychology of Sensation." He became a proponent of "process theology" and held that God is not an all-knowing commander of the universe but a participant who is changed by it.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A24)

1934        Matthew Josephson authored "The Robber Barons," a simplistic account of the 19th century American entrepreneurs of industrial empires.
    (WSJ, 9/10/98, p.A22)

1934        Constant Lambert (1905-1951), British composer and conductor, authored “Music Ho: A Study of Music in Decline."

1934        William Maxwell (1908-2000) published his 1st novel: "Bright Center of Heaven." Maxwell went on to become an editor for the New Yorker.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A24)

1934        Henry Miller’s novel "Tropic of Cancer" was published by the French publisher Girodias.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.6)

1934        William Saroyan (1908-1981), Fresno, Ca., writer and painter, published his first book, a collection of short stories that included “The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze."
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, DB p.46)

1934        Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966), English writer, authored “Ninety-Two Days." It was based on his 1932 travels in Brazil and British Guiana.
    (WSJ, 11/24/07, p.W8)

1934        Nathanael West (1902-1940) wrote his 3rd novel "A Cool Million."
    (WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A12)

1934        George Orwell published his 1st novel “Burmese Days." In 2005 Emma Larkin authored “Finding George Orwell in Burma."
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T9)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.B3)

1934        Margaret Sanger wrote her "Code to Stop the Overproduction of Children." It decreed that "no woman shall have a legal right to bear a child without a permit...no permit shall be valid for more than one child."
    (WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A18)

1934        Sir Lawrence van der Post (1906-1996) wrote his first book "In a Province."
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B4)

1934        Hans Zinsser, Harvard bacteriologist, wrote "Rats, Lice and History," a biography of the virus behind typhoid fever.
    (NH, 9/98, p.9)(WSJ, 9/9/06, p.P8)

1934        William Phillips (d.2002 at 94) co-founded the Partisan Revue along with critic Philip Rahv as an organ of the John Reed Club associated with the Communist Party. It severed ties with the party in 1937 and went on to showcase some of the finest writers of the era.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A19)

1934        Tex Owens sang his lonesome-yodel classic "Cattle Call."
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.E6)

1934        Louis Armstrong took his band to Paris, France.
    (WSJ, 1/3/95, p. 8)

1934        In Kansas City a tenor battle was held where 3 Kansas City players (Herschel Evans, Ben Webster and Lester Young) jousted with Coleman Hawkins.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)

1934        Lena Horne (1917-2010) made her Broadway debut in “Dance With Your Gods."
    (SFC, 5/10/10, p.C4)

1934        Alexander Mosolov, Soviet composer, wrote his ballet "Steel."
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A17)

1934        The music drama "Der Weg Der Verheissung" was created by Kurt Weill, Franz Werfel and Max Reinhardt in exile in Austria.
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A19)

1934        Conde Balcom McCullough (1887-1946), bridge engineer, began the construction of coastal bridges in Oregon with money from the government Works Projects Administration. The bridge across Coos Bay was renamed in his honor in 1947.
    (HT, 3/97, p.74)

1934        A hotel was built on Midway Island to service the Pan Am Clipper.
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, p.T5)

1934        The Civilian Conservation Corp. built the West Shelter at Oregon’s Cape Perpetua.
    (SSFC, 9/21/08, p.E8)
1934        In Oregon the Oregon Caves Chateau was designed and constructed for $50,000 by Gust Lium, a local builder.
    (SFEM, 10/12/97, p.39)

1934        Hound & Horn, originally subtitled "a Harvard Miscellany", folded. It was a literary quarterly founded by Harvard undergrads Lincoln Kirstein (1906-1996) and Varian Fry in 1927.
    (WSJ, 2/17/07, p.P18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hound_&_Horn)

1934        Bob’s Big Boy restaurants popularized the double patty hamburger sandwich.
    (AH, 6/07, p.11)
1934        The Popeye cartoon “We Aim to Please" introduced the catch phrase “I will gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today," uttered by J. Wellington Wimpy.
    (AH, 6/07, p.11)

1934        Rosalie Edge, conservationist, founded Hawk Mountain Sanctuary in Kempton, Pennsylvania.
    (NH, 10/96, p.48)

1934        Paul King hit upon the idea of the Easter Seal as the new emblem of the Ohio Society for Crippled Children. In 1999 Easter Seals had an annual revenue of $484 million.
    (WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A22)

1934        Clare Booth (d.1987), managing editor of Vanity Fair, met Henry Luce, publisher of Time and Fortune magazines. Her biography by Sylvia Jukes Morris, "Rage for Fame: The Ascent of Clare Boothe Luce," was published in 1997.
    (WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A16)

1934        A postcard of a man in bikini shorts inspired a Wisconsin-based Cooper’s Inc. designer to invent Jockey Shorts, the first pair of briefs.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.N6)

1934        Wheaties began putting pictures of athletes on the back and sides and insides of its cereal boxes. The first athlete was the fictional Jack Armstrong of a popular radio show.
    (WSJ, 2/18/99, p.A20)
1934        The Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia, began hosting the Masters Tournament.
    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.70)
1934        Stephen Edward Epler (1909-1997) invented six-man football at Chester High School in Chester, Nebraska.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A18)(Sky, 9/97, p.74)

1934        Britain’s former foreign secretary Arthur Henderson (1863-1935) won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on international disarmament.
    (AP, 4/3/13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Henderson)
1934         Luigi Pirandello (b.1867), Italian playwright (Six Characters in Search of an Author), won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (HN, 6/28/01)(MC, 6/28/02)
1934        The Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology was awarded to Drs. George R. Minot (1885-1950), William P. Murphy and George H. Whipple for curing pernicious anemia with liver extract in 1926.
    (Smith., May. 1995, p.14)(WUD, 1994 p.913)

1934        The US Congress allowed US created tribal governments to replace traditional Indian governing bodies. A US act of Congress, nicknamed the Indian New Deal, endorsed a degree of self rule for Indian tribes.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)(Econ, 4/7/12, p.35)

1934        US Congress directed the Federal Reserve to set margin requirements. The level fluctuated for years but remained unchanged at 50% from 1974.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.C1)

1934        A Communications Act was passed in the US.
    (Wired, Dec. ‘95, p.154)

1934        US troops entered Nicaragua to fight nationalist rebel leader Augusto Cesar Sandino.
    (SFC, 1/14/02, p.B5)

1934        The US lease on Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, was renegotiated to say that the land could only revert to Cuban control if abandoned by the US or by mutual consent.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A7)

1934        The US Justice Dept. took over Alcatraz from the War Dept. and reopened it as a federal penitentiary.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)

1934        The US Supreme Court decided in Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell to back the home owner as opposed to the lender in a mortgage payment dispute. The Minnesota state court had earlier ruled that Minnesota law protected the home owners from foreclosure for 2 years.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A15)

1934        Simon Kuznets (1901-1985), a Belarusian American economist, issued a report providing details necessary to diagnose national economic problems. He went on to establish the modern definition of GDP as the sum of private consumption and investment and government spending.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Kuznets)(Econ, 4/30/15, p.22)

1934        Charles Ponzi, Italian immigrant, check forger and scam artist, was deported from the US to Italy where he got work in Mussolini’s treasury and embezzled money from the fascists.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.G2)

1934        The American Liberty League was formed as a coalition comprised of conservative Democrats, industrialists, financiers, corporation lawyers and others who opposed social, fiscal and other aspects of President Franklin D. Roosevelt‘s New Deal. The Liberty League attacked many of the laws passed in the New Deal as unconstitutional and ultimately supported the Republican presidential candidate in 1936, Alfred M. Landon. It was disbanded in 1940.
    (HNQ, 9/3/00)

1934        Alabama’s last Confederate veteran living at the Mountain Creek Confederate Soldiers' Home died. The hospital, which was converted into apartments for widows, closed in 1939 and the five women who lived there were moved to Montgomery. In 2011 residential property taxes, initiated in 1901, continued to support Confederate Memorial Park.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

1934        The Arizona governor called out the state militia and navy (2 ferryboats) to halt California’s construction of the Colorado River Aqueduct. It took an act of Congress and a Supreme Court decision to get the project restarted.
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.A5)

1934        In California a cross was erected in the Mohave National Preserve as a memorial to the soldiers of WWI. In 2010 the US Supreme Court voted 5-4 to approve the display on government land saying the US Constitution does not require the eradication of all religious symbols in the public realm.
    (SFC, 4/28/10, p.A5)
1934        Upton Sinclair, muckraker and socialist, ran for governor of California and wrote "I, governor of California and how I ended poverty: A true story of the future." It spoke of his utopian scheme called EPIC (End Poverty in California). He was defeated by Frank Merriam (1865-1955). In 1992 Greg Mitchell authored “The Campaign of the Century: Upton Sinclair’s Race for Governor of California and the Birth of Media Politics."
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.5)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.E3)
1934        The Pacific Rod and Gun Club moved into a new 13-acre city-owned facility at Lake Merced in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 3/20/08, p.A1)
1934        Hollywood introduced Technicolor to the big screen.
    (Hem, Mar. 95, p.49)
1934        In San Francisco Ernie Carlesso opened the Il Travatore restaurant on Montgomery near Broadway in an old brick building that was once the Frisco Dance Hall. It was later sold to waiter Ambrogio Gotti. The renamed Ernie’s closed in 1995.
    (SFC, 11/13/14, p.D5)
1934        San Francisco-based Levi Strauss introduced Lady Levi's, the company's first jeans for women.
    (SSFC, 3/24/19, p.D4)

1934        Jacksonville Junior College was founded as a two year college. In 1958 it shifted its focus to four-year university degrees and adopted the name of Jacksonville University.

1934        In Kansas City political elections 4 people died under the infamously corrupt political machine of Tom Pendergast.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A10)

1934        Clarence Birdseye, since there were no freezer cases in grocery stores, entered a joint venture to manufacture them. National distribution of frozen foods became a reality in 1944 when Birdseye began leasing refrigerated railroad cars to transport his products. Birdseye's innovations led to the founding of General Foods Co.
    (HNPD, 12/9/98)

1934        Will and George Climes founded Will-George pottery in Los Angeles, Ca. By 1948 the business had moved to San Gabriel and renamed to Claysmiths. It closed in 1956.
    (SFC, 10/24/07, p.G2)

1934        Lucky Lager was first commercially introduced. The brand was founded by General Brewing in California. Lucky Lager Brewing opened a second brewery in Azusa, California in 1949, and bought smaller breweries in Vancouver, Washington in 1950 and in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1960.

1934        The Ideal Novelty & Toy Co. (later the Ideal Toy Corp.) made the first Shirley Temple doll.
    (SFC, 2/12/97, z1 p.6)

1934        Charles Guth, owner of Loft Inc., a chain of candy stores and soda fountains along the East Coast, acquired the Pepsi-Cola trademark. He tinkered with the recipe and began selling 12-ounce bottles for a nickel.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.B2)

1934        The Hearst Corp. acquired House Beautiful magazine.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1934        The MUZAK Corp. formed to provide background music using phonograph records for hotels and restaurants. In 2011 Mood Media Corp. of Toronto said it would pay $345 million for the privately held Muzak, headquartered since 1999 in Fort Mill, SC.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.A10)

1934        Radio controls built into the instrument panel began to appear in some new automobiles.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1934        The Readphone was produced for putting literature and music on long-playing disks.
    (SFC, 7/26/00, p.D3)

1934        Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, published a mathematical theory of beta decay as a simultaneous emission of an electron and a neutrino.
    (SCTS, p.131)

1934        William Beebe and inventor Otis Barton descended more than a half a mile into the ocean off Bermuda in the 4,500 lb. bathysphere.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, BR p.4)(PacDis, Winter ’97, p.42)

1934        UC Berkeley shut down The Razzberry (“uncensored and untrammeled"), a student publication that satirized the faculty.
    (SFC, 3/23/07, p.B9)

1934        William L. Clements, industrialist, U of M regent and benefactor, died.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.9)

1934        Cassius Marcellus Coolidge (89), artist, died on Staten Island. His work included "A Friend in Need," commonly known as "Dogs Playing Poker."
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.D5)

1934        Otto Kahn (b.1867), Wall Street titan, died. In 2002 Theresa M. Collins authored the biography: "Otto Kahn: Art, Money and Modern Time."
    (WSJ, 8/13/02, p.D4)

1934         Charlie Patton, Mississippi bluesman, died. His music is on the album "Founder of the Delta Blues" (Yazoo). His song "Dry Well Blues" described the disastrous 1930 Lula draught.
    (NH, 9/96, p.62)(NH, 10/96, p.66)

1934        Doris Ulmann (b.1882), New York photographer, died.
    (WSJ, 6/19/02, p.D7)

1934         After Albania signed trade agreements with Greece and Yugoslavia. Italy suspended economic support, then attempted to threaten Albania.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1934        The Australian song "Kookaburra" was penned by teacher Marion Sinclair for a Girl Guides Jamboree. In 1990 music company Larrikin acquired the rights to "Kookaburra." In 2010 the Australian band Men at Work were found guilty of plagiarizing the children's ditty in their 1980s hit "Down Under" after a court battle involving two of the nation's most iconic songs.
    (AFP, 2/4/10)(http://cip.law.ucla.edu/cases/inplay_larrikin.doc)

1934        Stephen Zweig (1881-1942), a Jewish writer, was exiled from his Austrian home.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.79)

1934        Paul Otlet (1868-1944), head of the Mundaneum in Belgium, sketched out plans for a global network of computers (or “electric telescopes," as he called them) that would allow people to search and browse through millions of interlinked documents, images, audio and video files. In his 1934 book “Monde" he laid out his vision of a “mechanical, collective brain" that would house all the world’s information, made readily accessible over a global telecommunications network.

1934        Britain’s Flying Scotsman became the first locomotive to be officially clocked at 100 miles (160 km) per hour. It was built in 1923 in the northern town of Doncaster for the London and North Eastern Railway.
    (AP, 1/8/16)

1934        The Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was established.
    (USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)

1934        Folke Bergman, Swedish archeologist, discovered the mummified remains of a Caucasoid community in northwestern Xinjiang’s Lop Nur desert. The site was forgotten until his book was translated into Chinese in the late 1990s.
    (Arch, 1/05, p.12)

1934        Henri Pigozzi founded Simca (Societe Industrielle de Mecanique et Carrosserie Automobile), at Nanterre, France. Translated it means an industrial company that makes car mechanics and bodywork.

1934        The German propaganda documentary film "Triumph of the Will" was made by Leni Riefenstahl.
    (WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A48)
1934        In Germany Herman Goering, Nazi party official, approved a request from the Reich Forestry Service to release North American raccoons into the wild. By 2007 there were over a million raccoons living in Germany.
    (SSFC, 5/27/07, p.A2)
1934        Ernst Rohm, founder of the Nazi storm troopers, was killed on orders by Hitler. Painter Francis Rose claimed in his memoirs to have been friends with Rohm and Hitler, and to have exacted a promise from air force chief Hermann Goering that Gertrude Stein be left alone in wartime France. Stein’s statement that "Rose is a rose is a rose" was later said to be a tribute to Francis Rose.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, Z1 p.5)

1934         Greece’s PM Elevtherios Venizelos nominated Kemal Ataturk for a Nobel Prize. Ataturk had proposed that the Turkish mainland should be Turk (Muslim) and that the islands should be Greek (Christian).
    (WSJ, 7/24/98, p.W11)

1934        In Nepal an earthquake damaged the Mahabuddha Temple in Patan, one of but 3 in the world.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)

1934        The Al Sauds seized three border provinces from Yemen.
    (Econ, 1/16/16, p.52)

1934        The Scottish National Party, advocating home rule for Scotland, was formed with the merger of the National Party of Scotland and the Scottish Party.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)

1934        There were 1,966 delegates to the 17th Soviet Party Congress. By the 1999 Congress 1,108 delegates were arrested and many shot as traitors. In 1999 J. Arch Getty and Oleg V. Naumov co-wrote "The Road To Terror," an examination of the Stalin purges that was a follow-up to Getty's 1985 work "Origins of the Great Purges." The standard account on the purges is "The Great Terror" (1968) by Robert Conquest.
    (WSJ, 9/27/99, p.A32)(Econ, 12/3/05, p.79)
1934        The Soviet Union’s secret police organization-the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs-was better known as the NKVD. The NKVD replaced the State Political Administration, or GPU. The GPU had formerly been known as the Cheka. During World War II there were several reorganizations of the NKVD, out of which grew the MGB, or Ministry of State Security. The MGB evolved into the KGB in 1954.
    (HNPD, 6/24/99)

1934        The Switzerland dramatically tightened banking secrecy laws in response to a bank’s exposure in a French tax scandal.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.C2)(Econ, 2/16/13, SR p.5)

1934        Turkey passed legislation that allowed the government to deny citizenship to gypsies. Turkey was home to one of the largest Roma populations.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.48)
1934        Women in Turkey were given the right to vote and banned the wearing of the Islamic veil.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.49)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.52)

1934        In Uruguay a law was enacted that made it illegal to attack a foreign head of state.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A12)

1934        King Alexander of Yugoslavia was assassinated.
     (TMC, 1994, p.1934)

1934-1935    Deng Xiaoping joined Mao Zedong on the Long March flight from the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek. Yank Shangkun also marched with Mao.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)(SFC, 9/16/98, p.C4)

1934-1940    Povilas Zadeikis (d.1957) replaced Mr. Balutis as the Lithuanian representative in Washington. He continued even with no official government to consult with and no official funding until 1957.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.4)

1934-1945    Peter II began his rule over Yugoslavia.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)

1934-1951    Leopold III began his rule over Belgium. Under the Nazi occupation he was a prisoner of war.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1682)

1934-1991    Shiro Kuramata, Japanese designer. His work was marked by the use of disparate materials, the play of light and solid, and a sense of the antic.
    (WSJ, 9/17/97, p.A12)

1934-1998    Alfred Schnittke, composer, was born in Engels in the Volga republic. He later wrote scores for over 60 films.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.A17)

World War timeline 1935: http://history.acusd.edu/gen/WW2Timeline/start.html

1935        Jan 1, Eastern Airlines hired Eddie Rickenbacker as GM.
    (MC, 1/1/02)
1935        Jan 1, Helen Richey became the 1st woman employed as an airplane pilot. She resigned 10 months later after the all-male pilot's union refused to accept her.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1935        Jan 2, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was found guilty but professed his innocence until he was executed.
    (AP, 1/2/98)(SFC, 10/28/99, p.B7)

1935        Jan 4, President Franklin D. Roosevelt claimed in his State of the Union message that the federal government would provide jobs for 3.5 million Americans on welfare.
    (HN, 1/4/99)
1935        Jan 4, Ft. Jefferson National Monument was established in Florida.
    (MC, 1/4/02)

1935        Jan 6, The play "Waiting for Lefty" by Clifford Odets was first performed.
    (WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)

1935        Jan 8, Rock 'n' roll legend Elvis Presley (d.1977), "The King," was born in Tupelo, Miss. The most popular singer of the 1950s and 60s. Best known for "Hound Dog," "Jailhouse Rock" and "Love Me tender." He also starred in over thirty films.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A1)(AP, 1/8/98)(HN, 1/8/99)
1935        Jan 8, AC Hardy patented the spectrophotometer.
    (MC, 1/8/02)

1935        Jan 9, Bob Denver, actor (Dobie Gillis, Gilligan's Island), was born in New Rochelle, NY.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1935        Jan 10, Sherrill Milnes, baritone (Scarpia, Rigoletto), was born in Hinsdale, Illinois.
    (MC, 1/10/02)
1935        Jan 10, Actress Mary Pickford married actor Douglas Fairbanks.
    (MC, 1/10/02)

1935        Jan 11, Aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
    (AP, 1/11/98)
1935        Jan 11, Rabbi Ira Eisenstein (d.2001 at 94) published his first issue of "The Reconstructionist" journal and continued as editor through 1981. Reconstructionist belief saw Judaism as "the evolving religious civilization of the Jewish people." Eisenstein believed that God could be understood only by observing God’s effect on the world. "We get to know what God is by what God makes people do."
    (http://jrf.org/resources/files/Reconstructionist%20at%2070%20-%20Hirsh.pdf)(SFC, 7/5/01, p.D2)

1935        Jan 14, The oil pipeline from Iraq to the Mediterranean went into use.
    (MC, 1/14/02)

1935        Jan 16, US federal agents killed gangsters Ma Barker and Freddy, one of her 4 sons, at Lake Weir, Fla.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1935        Jan 19, The first pair of Jockey briefs showed up in a Marshall Field’s window in Chicago.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.N6)

1935        Jan 20, Belgium arrested some Nazi agitators who were urging for a return to the Reich.
    (HN, 1/20/99)

1935        Jan 24, The 1st canned beer, "Krueger Cream Ale," was sold by Krueger Brewing Co. of Richmond, Va.

1935        Jan 26, Bob Uecker, catcher, actor, was born in Milwaukee, Wisc.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1935        Jan 27, The League of Nations majority favored depriving Japan of mandates.
    (HN, 1/27/99)

1935        Jan 31, The San Francisco emergency relief committed said there are 80,491 people on relief. 20,000 were employed, 10,000 were on direct relief and 550 were unemployable.
    (SSFC, 1/31/10, DB p.42)
1935        Jan 31, The Soviet premier told Japan to get out of Manchuria.
    (HN, 1/31/99)

1935        Jan, Parker Brothers launched the Monopoly game acquired from George Darrow and by mid February were selling 20,000 sets per week.

1935        Feb 2, A lie detector, invented in 1921, was 1st used in court at Portage, Wisc.
    (MC, 2/2/02)(Econ, 7/10/04, p.71)

1935        Feb 4, Martti Talvela, operatic basso, was born in Hiitola, Karelia, Finland.
    (MC, 2/4/02)

1935        Feb 6, Turkey held its 1st election that allowed women to vote.
    (MC, 2/6/02)

1935        Feb 8, Max Liebermann (b.1847), German impressionist painter, graphic artist, died in Berlin. He was associated with several artists’ organizations including the Berlin Secession.

1935        Feb 10, Pennsylvania RR began passenger service with new electric locomotive.
    (MC, 2/10/02)

1935        Feb 12, The 785-foot USS Macon, the last US Navy dirigible (ZRS-5), crashed on its 55th flight off the coast of California, killing two people. After takeoff from Point Sur, California, a gust of wind tore off the ship's upper fin, deflating its gas cells and causing the ship to fall into the sea. Two of Macon's 83 crewmen died in the accident. The U.S. Navy lost the airships Shenandoah in 1925 and Akron in 1933. Some considered airships too dangerous for the program to continue at that point, and work on them in the United States halted temporarily.
    (HNQ, 2/7/99)(SFC, 9/27/06, p.B1)

1935        Feb 13, A jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-death of the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was later executed.
    (AP, 2/13/98)
1935        Feb 13, 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris took place in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1935        Feb 16, Brian Bedford, actor (Anthony-Coronet Blue), was born in England.
    (MC, 2/16/02)
1935        Feb 16, Salvatore Bono (d.1998), vocalist (Sonny & Cher), (Rep-R-Ca, 1995-98), was born in Detroit.
    (SFC, 1/6/98, p.A11)(MC, 2/16/02)

1935        Feb 17, Thirty-one prisoners escaped an Oklahoma prison after murdering a guard.
    (HN, 2/17/98)

1935        Feb 18, Rome reported sending troops to Italian Somalia.
    (HN, 2/18/98)

1935        Feb 22, All plane flights over the White House were barred because they disturbed President Roosevelt’s sleep.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1935        Feb 26, New York Yankees released Babe Ruth. He signed with Boston Braves.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1935        Feb 26, Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR) was 1st demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1935        Feb 26, Germany began Luftwaffe operations under Reichsmarshal H. Goering.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1935        Feb 27, Mirella Freni, lyric soprano (Madame Butterfly), was born in Modena, Italy.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1935        Feb 28, Nylon was discovered by Dr. Wallace H. Carothers.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1935         Mar 1, Germany celebrated the return of the Saar Basin to the Reich.
    (HN, 3/1/98)
1935        Mar 1, Germany officially established the Luftwaffe.
    (HN, 3/1/00)

1935         Mar 2, King Prajadhipok abdicated and left for England. He was replaced by Ananda Mahidol (1925-1946), who became Rama VIII.

1935        Mar 3, Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP) was formed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1935        Mar 6, Retired Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (b.1841) died in Washington. He later became the subject of a novel, a film, a Broadway play and a postage stamp. In 2000 Albert W. Alschuler authored the biography "Law Without Values." "The best test of truth is the power of the thought to get itself accepted in the competition of the market."
    (AP, 3/6/98)(WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A24)

1935         Mar 7, In an effort to reduce street noise, the city of New York revoked the licenses of all organ grinders .
    (HNQ, 7/25/98)
1935        Mar 7, Malcolm Campbell set an auto speed record of 276.8 mph in Florida.
    (HN, 3/7/98)
1935        Mar 7, Saar was incorporated into Germany.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1935        Mar 8, In San Francisco a boxing match between Joe Lewis and Red Barry was stopped after Barry collapsed under punches from Lewis. Close to 8,000 fans watched the bout at  Dreamland where Lewis won close to $3,650 with Barry getting about $1,200.
    (SSFC, 3/7/10, p.46)

1935        Mar 9, Hermann Goering announced the existence of the German Luftwaffe (air force).

1935        Mar 12-1935 Mar 25, Colorado dust storms killed 6 people, suffocated livestock and covered the ground with up to 6 feet of dust.
    (SFC, 3/19/09, p.D8)

1935        Mar 13, Driving tests were introduced in Great Britain.
    (MC, 3/13/02)
1935        Mar 13, Three-thousand-year-old archives were found in Jerusalem confirming biblical history.
    (HN, 3/13/98)

1935        Mar 15, Joseph Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda banned four Berlin newspapers.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1935        Mar 16, Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament in violation of the Versailles Treaty. He announced in public Nazi rearmament and the existence of the new German air force, the Luftwaffe.
    (AP, 3/16/97)(HN, 3/16/98)(ON, 11/05, p.2)
1935        Mar 16, John J.R. Macleod (58), Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), died.
    (MC, 3/16/02)
1935        Mar 16, Aron Nimzowitsch (b.1886), a Latvian-born Danish chess player, died. In 1925 he authored “My System," which he described as a chess manual based on entirely new principles.
    (WSJ, 3/22/08, p.W10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aron_Nimzowitsch)

1935        Mar 17, Hitler reviewed the military parade in Berlin.
    (HN, 3/17/98)

1935        Mar 19, Renee Taylor, actress (Jack Paar Show, Mary Hartman, Nanny), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 3/19/02)
1935        Mar 19, The British fired on 20,000 Muslims in India, killing 27.

1935        Mar 22, Michael Emmet Walsh, actor (Wildcats, War Party), was born in Ogdensburg, NY.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1935        Mar 22, Blood tests were authorized as evidence in court cases in NY.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1935        Mar 22, Reza Shah Pahlavi renamed Persia to Iran, which in Farsi means Aryan. It reflected the shah’s identification with Hitler’s Third Reich. 
    (SFC,11/19/97, Z1 p.7)(HN, 3/22/97)(SSFC, 1/8/06, p.D1)
1935        Mar 22, Russia sold the Chinese Eastern Railway to Japan.
    (HN, 3/22/97)

1935        Mar 23, France, Italy and Britain agreed to present a unified front in response to Germany.
    (HN, 3/23/98)

1935        Mar 25, Hitler declared that the Soviets endangered peace in Europe.
    (HN, 3/24/98)

1935        Mar 27, The steamer North Haven departed San Francisco with 2 prefabricated hotels and other supplies to establish bases on Wake and Guam Islands in the Marianas to support Pan Am flights.
    (SFEM, 2/13/00, p.32)

1935        Mar 28, Goddard used gyroscopes to control a rocket.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1935        Mar 29, French liner Normandie began its maiden voyage.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1935        Mar 30, Britain and Russia agreed on treaties intended to curb the power of the Reich.
    (HN, 3/30/98)

1935        Mar 31, Herb Alpert, bandleader, trumpeter (Tijuana Brass), CEO (A & M), was born.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1935        Mar,  The German Reichpost (Post Office) began the "first television broadcasting service in the world".  However, the quality was poor and receivers were almost non-existent."

1935        Apr 1, The first radio tube to be made of metal was announced in Schenectady, NY.

1935        Apr 2, Sharon Acker, actress (Della Street-Perry Mason 1973), was born in Toronto, Canada.
    (MC, 4/2/02)
1935        Apr 2, Sir Watson-Watt patented RADAR.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1935        Apr 6, Edwin Arlington Robinson (b.1869), US poet, died. In 2006 Scott Donaldson authored “Edwin Arlington Robinson: A Poet’s Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Arlington_Robinson)(WSJ, 1/27/07, p.P9)

1935        Apr 8, The Emergency Relief Appropriation Act authorized $5 billion to increase employment and for useful projects including the Works Progress Administration (WPA). President Franklin Roosevelt proposed the Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the Great Depression of the 1930s when almost 25 percent of Americans were unemployed. The WPA created low-paying federal jobs to provide immediate relief. The WPA put 8.5 million jobless to work on projects as diverse as constructing highways, bridges and public buildings to arts programs like the Federal Writers' Project. Writers were paid to produce comprehensive guidebooks for each of the US states and Washington DC. In 2008 Nick Taylor authored “"American-Made: The Enduring Legacy of the WPA, When FDR Put America to Work."
    (AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(HNPD, 4/8/99)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.E2)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A13)
1935        Apr 8, Adolph Ochs (b.1858), publisher of the New York Times, died.

1935        Apr 10, Jorge Mester, conductor (Louisville Orch 1967-79), was born in Mexico City.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1935        Apr 10, Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1935        Apr 12, Wendy Savage, obstetrician, gynecologist, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1935        Apr 12, Germany prohibited the publishing of "not-Aryan" writers.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1935        Apr 14, Loretta Lynn, singer (Coal Miner's Daughter), was born in Butcher's Hollow, Ky. In 1948 she married Doo Lynn (d.1996). she recorded her 1st single in 1960: "I’m a Honky Tonk Girl."
    (MC, 4/14/02)(SSFC, 1/26/03, Par p.8)
1935        Apr 14, A major sandstorm, dubbed “The Black Blizzard," ravaged the US Midwest. The Black Sunday was the worst day of the almost decade long Dust Bowl era. It ravaged Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. In 2005 Timothy Egan authored “The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl."
    (SSFC, 1/8/06, p.M1)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm)(Sm, 3/06, p.111)

1935        Apr 16, The radio comedy program "Fibber McGee and Molly" premiered on the NBC Blue Network.
    (AP, 4/16/97)

1935        Apr 19, Dudley Moore, film actor, comedian and musician, was born in Dagenham, East London.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)

1935        Apr 20, "Your Hit Parade" debuted on NBC radio. It was called the "Lucky Strike Hit Parade" by the newspapers. The show was re-named "Your Hit Parade" on November 9. The first number one song chosen for the first show was "Soon" by Bing Crosby.
    (Bruce C. Byrd, Your Hit Parade & American Top Ten Hits, 4th edition, 1994, p.15)

1935        Apr 21, Charles Grodin, actor, Woman in Red, Lonely Guy, Heartbreak Kid), was born in Pittsburgh.
    (MC, 4/21/02)
1935        Apr 21, King Boris of Bulgaria forbade all political parties.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1935        Apr 27, US Congress declared soil erosion "a national menace" in an act establishing the Soil Conservation Service in the Department of Agriculture (formerly the Soil Erosion Service in the U.S. Department of Interior). Under the direction of Hugh H. Bennett, the SCS developed extensive conservation programs that retained topsoil and prevented irreparable damage to the land. Farming techniques such as strip cropping, terracing, crop rotation, contour plowing, and cover crops were advocated. Farmers were paid to practice soil-conserving farming techniques.
    (www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm)(Sm, 3/06, p.111)

1935        Apr 28, The Moscow 81-km underground opened.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1935        May 5, American Jesse Owens set the long jump record at 26 ft. 8 inch.
    (HN, 5/5/98)(MC, 5/5/02)

1935        May 6, The Works Progress Administration began operating.
    (AP, 5/6/97)
1935        May 6, British King George & Queen Mary celebrated their silver jubilee.
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1935        May 7, US Commissioner Ernest E. Williams listened as witnesses charged Walter Lord, head of Drive-Away Travel Service of Detroit, with violating the National Recovery Administration automobile code. At least 10 young men were left stranded in San Francisco after driving in cars from Detroit with no pay. Drivers figured they had worked 138 hours, which at the NRA rate of 37.5 cents and hour, would have meant $51.75 in wages for each driver.
    (SSFC, 5/2/10, DB p.46)

1935        May 11, The US Rural Electrification Administration was established.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1935        May 13, David T. Wilkinson (d.2002), physicist, was born in Hillsdale, Mich. He became the driving force behind the 1989 Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite. It provided evidence for the "Big Bang" that spawned the universe 10-20 billion years ago.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(SFC, 9/16/02, p.A20)

1935        May 14, A plebiscite in the Philippines ratified an independence agreement.
    (HN, 5/14/98)

1935        May 15, Kasimir Malevich (b.1878), Ukraine-born Cubist painter, died. He was a leader of the Suprematist movement in Russian painting. He pioneered the use of abstract geometrical elements and limited colors to demonstrate the supremacy of expressing feelings.
    (WSJ, 6/21/99, p.B14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimir_Malevich)

1935        May 19, National Football League adopted an annual college draft to begin in 1936.
    (HN, 5/19/98)
1935        May 19, Colonel Thomas E. Lawrence (b.1888), better known as Lawrence of Arabia, died 6 days after sustaining head injuries in a motorcycle accident on a Dorset, England, country road. Lawrence served the British Foreign Office as liaison officer during the Arab revolt against the Turks in World War I. His leadership and sympathetic understanding of the Arabs were instrumental in Allied General Edmund Allenby's conquest of Palestine in 1917. Bitterly disappointed by the 1919 Paris Peace Conference's refusal to mandate Arab independence, Lawrence resigned from the Foreign Office in 1922 to write books about his Middle East experiences. In 2011 Michael Korda authored “Hero: The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia." In 20154 Anthony Sattin authored “The Young T.E. Lawrence."
    (HNPD, 5/19/99)(AP, 5/19/08)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.90)(Econ., 2/14/15, p.75)

1935        May 21, Jane Addams (b.1860), a founder of ACLU (Nobel 1973), died. She was known for her work as a social reformer, pacifist, and founder of Hull House in Chicago in 1889. She was the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize (1931). In 2001 jean Bethke Elshtain authored "Jane Addams and the Dream of American Democracy" and edited "The Jane Addams Reader."
    (AHD, 1971, p.15)(HN, 9/6/98)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A16)(MC, 5/21/02)

1935        May 22, Stanley Baldwin, Britain’s former PM, admitted that his estimation of Germany’s Luftwaffe strength was wrong.
    (ON, 11/05, p.2)

1935        May 24, The first major-league baseball game played at night took place at Cincinnati’s Crosley Field as the Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 2-1.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/24/97)

1935        May 25, Barbara Harris, US actress (Family Plot, Plaza Suite), was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1935        May 25, Jesse Owens set six world records in less than an hour in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    (HN, 5/25/99)
1935        May 25, Babe Ruth hit his last three and 714th and final home run for the Boston Braves in a game against the Pittsburgh Pirates.
    (AP, 5/25/97)(SC, 5/25/02)

1935        May 27, The US Supreme Court, in Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, declared President Roosevelt's National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional.
    (HN, 5/27/98)(AP, 5/27/07)

1935        May 29, The California Pacific Exposition opened in San Diego. Organizers of the San Diego Exposition thought that a horny robot and a vanguard of big-breasted nudist women might help cheer people up. Thus came "Zorine the Queen of the Nudists and Alpha the mechanical Man."
    (http://tinyurl.com/73qsnob)(SSFC, 4/15/12, p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/2dcavp)
1935        May 29, André P. Brink, South African writer (Dry White Season), was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1935        May 29, Denis J. Worrall, South African politician/leader (DP), was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1935        May 29, Hague local museum opened.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1935        May 29, Josef Suk (61) Czech violinist composer, died at 61.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1935        May 30, Babe Ruth in his final game went hitless for Braves against Phillies.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1935        May 31, In Quetta, India (later Pakistan), a magnitude 7.5 earthquake killed some 50,000 people. The earthquake flattened Quetta, killing an estimated 26,000 people in the city alone, more than half its population.
    (AP, 12/27/03)(AP, 10/15/05)

1935        May, In China Mao’s forces crossed a narrow suspension bridge over the Dadu River in Sichuan Province. Details of the event still remained controversial in 2006.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.88)

1935         Jun 1, Driving test and license plates were introduced in England.
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)

1935        Jun 3, The French liner Normandie set a record on its maiden voyage, arriving in New York after crossing the Atlantic in just four days, 11 hours and 42 minutes.
    (AP, 6/3/05)

1935        Jun 7, In Britain after the resignation of PM MacDonald, King George V appointed Stanley Baldwin Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury.

1935        Jun 10, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio, by William G. Wilson (Bill Wilson), a stockbroker, and Dr. Robert Smith (Bob Smith), a heart surgeon.
    (AP, 6/10/97)

1935        Jun 11, Gene Wilder, actor (Young Frankenstein, Silver Streak), was born in Milwaukee.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1935        Jun 12, Senator Huey Long of Louisiana spoke continually for 15 hours in Senate's longest speech on record (150,000 words).
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1935        Jun 13, James J. Braddock claimed the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, N.Y. In 2005 Jeremy Schaap authored “Cinderella Man: James J. Braddock, Max Baer, and the Greatest Upset in boxing History." Braddock soon lost his title to Joe Louis.
    (Econ, 5/7/05, p.79)(AP, 6/13/05)

1935        Jun 14, A commission of neutral nations (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and the United States) declared an armistice in the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay. A definite settlement was finally reached in 1938.

1935        Jun 16, Jim Dine, American artist, was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)
1935        Jun 16, President Roosevelt's New Deal legislation was passed by the House of Representatives.
    (HN, 6/16/01)

1935        Jun 21, Jack Loreen (34), holder of the world’s roller skating record from New York to Miami, allowed himself to be buried at Balboa Street and the Great Highway in San Francisco in an effort to beat his 65-day record, established last year, for being buried  alive in a coffin.
    (SSFC, 6/20/10, DB p.50)

1935        Jun 24, Carlos Gardel (B.1890), French-born Argentine tango singer and composer, died with 17 others, including three of his guitarists, when the propeller plane they were traveling in collided with another on takeoff from Medellin, Colombia, and burst into flames. Gardel's baritone voice and the dramatic phrasing of his lyrics made miniature masterpieces of his hundreds of three-minute tango recordings.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Gardel)(AP, 6/25/05)(Econ, 1/21/17, p.26)

1935        Jun 27, Eva Coo, an infamous Oneonta brothel owner, was executed at Sing Sing Prison for her role in the 1934 murder of a man in her care in exchange for a portion of an insurance payout. In 1997 Niles Eggleston authored "Eva Coo, Murderess." An independent film about the murder and trial was produced in 2021.
    (Tribune Publ., 4/27/21)

1935        Jun 28, FDR ordered a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1935        Jun 30, Fascists caused an uproar at the League of Nations when Haile Selassie of Ethiopia spoke. He also warned the League of Nations of the dangers of appeasement.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1935        Jun, Theodore J. Carski and Dr. Einar Leifson, laboratorians at Johns Hopkins Hospital, found Baltimore Biological Laboratory (BBL). In 1955 it was acquired by Becton Dickinson Corp.
    (Horizon, summer 1995)
1935        Jun, A US law that required a pink tax form of personal tax information under the Revenue Act of 1934 was repealed.
    (WSJ, 4/3/06, p.B1)

1935        Jul 2, Gilbert Kalish, pianist, professor (SUNY Stony Brook), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1935        Jul 2, C. Jackson discovered asteroid #1357, Khama.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1935        Jul 2, SF Bay Bridge riveter Michael E. Markey (31) fell 290 feet to his death at Yerba Buena Island. Fellow bridge workers quit for the day in accordance with custom.
    (SSFC, 6/27/10, DB p.46)

1935        Jul 5, President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act), which provided for a National Labor Relations Board and authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining. The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was created by a statute as an independent federal agency that conducts secret-ballot elections to determine whether employees desire union representation.  This inaugurated the "pink decade" of Soviet espionage and penetration of America's labor movement by Communists.
    (WSJ, 5/12/97, p.A15)(AP, 7/5/97)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M6)

1935        Jul 6, Dalai Lama 14, spiritual leader of Tibet's Lamaistic Buddhists, was born as Lhamo Thondup in Hong Ya, a mountain hamlet on the Tibetan Plateau. He was formally recognized as the reincarnated Dalai Lama at age 2 and was renamed Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso (Holy Lord, Gentle Glory, Compassionate, Defender of the Faith, Ocean of Wisdom). He became a Nobel Peace Prize winner (1989) for his efforts to end China's domination of Tibet.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tenzin_Gyatso,_14th_Dalai_Lama)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.44)

1935        Jul 12, Alfred Dreyfus, French officer of Jewish background, died in Paris. His trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French and European history. It is still known today as the Dreyfus Affair.

1935        Jul 13, Jack Kemp, football player, vice-presidential candidate for the Republican party in 1996, was born.
    (HN, 7/13/98)
1935        Jul 13, Richard Strauss resigned as chairman of the Nazi Reichskulturkammer.
    (MC, 7/13/02)
1935        Jul 13, In Iran worshippers at the Shrine of Imam Reza in Mashad protested a dress code that demanded Western-style brimmed hats. A riot broke out as troops opened fire.
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A12)(www.imamreza.net/eng/imamreza.php?id=4388)

1935        Jul 16, The first parking meters were installed, in Oklahoma City. Carlton Magee's automatic meter, the "Park-O-Meter" was installed by the Dual Parking Meter Company in Oklahoma City. The parking meters were divided by 20-foot spaces painted on the pavement and accepted nickels.
    (AP, 7/16/97)(HNQ, 8/4/02)

1935        Jul 17, Diahann Carroll, actress, was born in NYC, NY, as Carol Diann Johnson.
1935        Jul 17, Peter Schickele, composer, creator of P.D.Q. Bach, was born.
    (HN, 7/17/01)
1935        Jul 17, Donald Sutherland, actor (M*A*S*H, Body Snatchers), was born in Saint John, New Brunswick.
1935        Jul 17, The entertainment trade publication Variety ran its famous headline, "Sticks Nix Hick Pix," which might be translated as "rural America dislikes rural-themed movies."
    (AP, 7/17/97)

1935        Jul 18, Annie Smith Peck (b.1850), one of the world’s renowned mountain climbers, died in New York. In 1932 she authored “Flying over South America: Twenty Thousand Miles by Air."
1935        Jul 18, Ethiopian King Haile Selassie urged his countrymen to fight to the last man against the invading Italian army. He had previously warned the League of Nations of the dangers of appeasement.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1935        Jul 20, The 1st broadcast of "Gang Busters" played on NBC-radio.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1935        Jul 24, Pat Oliphant, political cartoonist, was born.
    (MC, 7/24/02)
1935        Jul 24, Mel Ramos, pop artist, was born in Sacramento, Ca.

1935        Jul 25, Barbara Harris, Tony award winning actress in The Apple Tree, was born.
    (HN, 7/25/98)
1935        Jul 25, Adnan Khashoggi, billionaire arms dealer, was born.
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1935        Jul 25, Laurent Terzieff, actor (Pharaoh-Moses the Law Giver), was born in Paris, France.
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1935        Jul 25, C. Jackson discovered asteroid #1641 Tana.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1935        Jul 26, Bill Bailey (1910-1995) and several seamen boarded the German passenger ship Bremen in New York harbor and ripped the Nazi flag from its mast before a crowd of some 5,000 people. The group battled 100 detectives, 150 uniformed police and 25 mounted police and members of the ship’s crew to get to the flag.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A19)

1935        Jul 28, G. Neujmin discovered asteroid #1386 Storeria.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1935        Jul 29, Peter Schreier, tenor (Dresden State Opera 1961), was born in Meissen, Germany.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1935        Jul 30, The 1st Penguin book was published in England and started the paperback revolution. The sixpenny books made a 1st blow to the library system.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.E1)(MC, 7/30/02)(Econ, 5/1/04, p.59)

1935        Aug 3, Richard D. Lamm, Gov-D-Colo, was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1935        Aug 3, Georgi S. Shonin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 6), was born.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1935        Aug 7,  In Danzig (Gdansk) 60% of voters agreed to Nazism (NSDAP).
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1935        Aug 11, There was a Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1935        Aug 14, The Social Security Act became law as President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Bill, providing assistance to the poor and needy. It created an old-age and unemployment insurance, and supplemented mothers’ pensions with Aid to Dependent Children. The unemployment insurance left out servants and farm laborers.
    (AP, 8/14/97)(www.ssa.gov/history/1930.html)(Econ., 12/19/20, p.43)

1935        Aug 15, Humorist Will Rogers (55), American comedian and "cowboy philosopher," and aviation pioneer Wiley Post (36) were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska. Rogers once said: "Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there."
    (AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/98)(MC, 8/15/02)

1935        Aug 22, E. Annie Proulx, writer, was born in Connecticut. Her novels included "Postcards" and "The Shipping News."
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1935        Aug 23, The US Banking Act of 1935 revised the operation of the Federal Reserve System.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1935        Aug 26, Geraldine Ferraro, (Rep-D-NY) 1st female dem VP candidate (1984), was born.
    (MC, 8/26/02)
1935        Aug 26, The US Public Utilities Act gave federal agencies powers to regulate gas and electric companies.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1935        Aug 30, The US Revenue Act increased taxes on inheritances, gifts and higher income individuals.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)(www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=6038)

1935        Aug 31, Eldridge Cleaver, political activist and author of "Soul on Fire," was born.
    (HN, 8/31/98)
1935        Aug 31, President Roosevelt signed an act prohibiting the export of U.S. arms to belligerents.
    (AP, 8/31/97)

1935        Sep 1, Seiji Ozawa, conductor (Boston Symphony Orchestra), was born in Hoten, Manchuria (now Shenyang, Liaoning, China).

1935        Sep 2, A hurricane slammed into the Florida Keys, claiming more than 400 lives. Estimates of the dead reached 500-800. Some 260 WW I veterans were killed in the Labor Day hurricane as well as over 160 permanent residents. In 2002 Willie Drye authored “The Storm of the Century: The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935."
    (WSJ, 4/2/07, p.B1)(AP, 9/2/07)(AH, 2/03, p.59)

1935        Sep 3, Sir Malcolm Campbell became the first person to drive an automobile over 300 MPH. Campbell drove the Bluebird Special on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah at a speed of 304.331 MPH.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1935        Sep 8, The Hoboken Four, featuring Frank Sinatra as lead singer, appeared on "Major Bowes Amateur Hour" on WOR radio.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1935        Sep 8, Sen. Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, was shot and mortally wounded in Baton Rouge allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.; he died two days later ending what might have been a prominent national career. It was suspected that Dr. Weiss was acting in revenge against Long's public slandering of his father. The 1996 documentary film "Huey Long" by Ken Burns was about the Louisiana politician who wanted to redistribute wealth and make every man a king.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1935)(AP, 9/8/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, DB p.47)(HN, 9/8/98)
1935        Sep 8, Carl Austin Weiss, murderer of Sen Huey Long, was shot down.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1935        Sep 10, Mary Oliver, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born in maple Heights, Ohio.
    (HN, 9/10/00)
1935        Sep 10, Sen. Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, died  from a gunshot wound inflicted Sep 8 by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss Jr. In 2006 Richard D. White authored “Kingfish: The Reign of Huey P. Long."
    (AP, 9/8/97)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.80)

1935        Sep 11, Charles Norris (b.1868), former NYC chief medical examiner and forensic pioneer, died. He and toxicologist Thomas A. Gonzales (1878-1956) were instrumental in developing forensics as an extension of clinical medicine in which information derived from study of the dead was applied to benefit the living. Their combined efforts between 1918 and 1954 represent the epitome of the application of scientific expertise to medicolegal investigation of deaths in America. In 2010 Deborah Blum authored “The Poisoner’s Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York."
    (http://tinyurl.com/yz82jfc)(SSFC, 3/21/10, p.F7)

1935        Sep 12, Millionaire Howard Hughes flew his own designed plane at 352.46 mph.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1935        Sep 15, In Berlin, the Reich under Adolf Hitler adopted The Nuremberg Laws which deprived German Jews of their citizenship, made the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany and established gradations of "Jewishness." "Full Jews," people with four "non-Aryan" grandparents, were deprived of German citizenship and forbidden to marry members of the "Aryan race." German Jews, had been barred since 1938 from government, medical, and legal professions, and shut out from every area of German public life. After the war Gen'l. Patton gave the documents to a friend and they were stored in the Huntington Museum in Cal.
    (AP, 9/15/97)(HN, 9/15/99)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A3)

1935        Sep 17, Ken Kesey (d.2001), author, was born in La Junta, Colo. His novels included "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" (1962) and  "Sometimes a Great Notion" (1964).
    (HN, 9/17/00)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A16)

1935        Sep 19, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (b.1857), Russian scientist, died. He was a visionary and pioneer of astronautics. He theorized many aspects of human space travel and rocket propulsion decades before others, and played an important role in the development of the Soviet and Russian space programs. In 1932 Tsiolkovsky wrote "The Cosmic Philosophy," a summary of his philosophical ideas. He also wrote science fiction books, including "On The Moon" (1895), “Dreams of the Earth and Sky" (1895), and “Beyond the Earth" (1920).

1935        Sep 25, Maxwell Anderson's "Winterset," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1935        Sep 30, Johnny Mathis, singer famous for "Misty" and "Wonderful Wonderful," was born.
    (HN, 9/30/98)
1935        Sep 30, George Gershwin’s opera Porgy and Bess opens at the Colonial Theatre in Boston.
    (HN, 9/30/00)

1935        Oct 1, Julie Andrews (Julia Elizabeth Wells), actress and singer, was born. Her films include "Mary Poppins" and "The Sound of Music."
    (HN, 10/1/00)

1935          Oct 3, Italy invaded Ethiopia.
    (DoD, 1999, p.237)(www.onwar.com/aced/data/india/italyethiopia1935.htm)

1935        Oct 6, Italian army occupied Adua, Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
    (MC, 10/6/01)

1935        Oct 7, Thomas Keneally, novelist, was born. His work included "Schindler’s Ark," the basis for the film "Schindler’s List."
    (HN, 10/7/00)
1935        Oct 7, The US Supreme court held its 1st session in its new building designed by Cass Gilbert. It was built on the site of an old Civil War prison. A new marble frieze at the Supreme Court included an image of Mohammed. In 1997 a Muslim group complained because Islamic tradition forbids images of the prophet.
    (WSJ, 3/13/97, p.A1)(www.supremecourthistory.org)(WSJ, 8/27/03, p.B4)
1935        Oct 7, Himmler, Hess and Reinhard Heydrich agreed to build a concentration camp at Dachau.
    (MC, 10/7/01)

1935        Oct 10, "Porgy and Bess" debuted at the Alvin Theater on Broadway in New York City. George Gershwin composed the music based on a 1925 novel by Dubose Heyward. It had already premiered in Boston.
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.4)(AP, 10/10/97)(MT, Fall. ‘97, p.12)

1935        Oct 11, In San Francisco 5 tons of molten glass escaped from a break in a 300-ton furnace at the 15th and Folsom streets plant of Owens-Illinois Co. An emergency pit caught most of the escaping glass.
    (SSFC, 10/10/10, DB p.50)
1935        Oct 11, The League of Nations met and voted 50 to 4 (Austria, Hungary, Italy and Albania opposed) to condemn Italy for the attack on Ethiopia.

1935        Oct 12, Luciano Pavarotti, Italian opera tenor, was born in Modena, Italy.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

1935        Oct 19, Mao Tse Tung's army reached Shanxi.
    (MC, 10/19/01)

1935        Oct 20, Jerry Ohrbach, actor (Law & Order, Dirty Dancing), was born in Bronx, NYC.
    (MC, 10/20/01)
1935        Oct 20, 400,000 demonstrated against fascism in Madrid.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1935        Oct 23, Dutch Schultz (33), born as Arthur Flegenheimer, was shot in the men’s room of the Palace Chop House and Tavern in Newark, New Jersey. He lingered for nearly a day before dying after being the target of a mob hit. Schultz wanted to have Thomas E. Dewey murdered because the special prosecutor had set his sights on the numbers racket operated by Schultz. A syndicate of New York’s top mobsters decided to murder Schultz because it feared the wrath of the authorities and decided against the assassination. Schultz gang members Abe Landau and Otto "Aba Daba" Berman and bodyguard Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz were shot.
    (HNQ, 9/27/02)(http://www.mobmagazine.com/ManageArticle.asp?C=20&A=115)

1935        Oct 30, The US Army Air Corps held a competition to see which company would build the country’s next-generation of long-range bombers. Boeing’s “flying fortress" crashed shortly after takeoff and Martin and Douglas won by default.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.84)

1935        Nov 3, Jeremy Brett, actor (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes), was born in Berkswell, England.
    (MC, 11/3/01)
1935        Nov 3, Left-wing groups in France formed the Socialist and Republican Union.
    (HN, 11/3/98)

1935        Nov 5, Maryland Court of Appeals ordered the Univ. of Maryland to admit (black) Donald Murray.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1935        Nov 8, Alain Delon, French actor (Honor Among Thieves, Return of Zorro), was born.
    (MC, 11/8/01)

1935        Nov 9, United Mine Workers president John L. Lewis and other labor leaders formed the Committee for Industrial Organization. The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO, later renamed Congress of Industrial Organizations) was formed to expand industrial unionism.
    (AP, 11/9/97)(HN, 11/9/98)
1935        Nov 9, Japanese troops invaded Shanghai, China.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1935        Nov 13, Anti-British riots took place in Egypt.
    (MC, 11/13/01)

1935        Nov 14, The United Kingdom general election resulted in a large, albeit reduced, majority for the National Government led by Stanley Baldwin of the Conservative Party.  Ballwin regained the premiership for a 3rd time. The Labour Party made large gains over their very poor showing at the 1931 general election, and registered their highest ever share of the vote up until this point winning 154 seats.
1935        Nov 14, Nazis stripped German Jews of their citizenship. [see Sep 15]
    (MC, 11/14/01)
1935        Nov 14, King Hussein ibn Talal I of Jordan was born in Amman to Prince Talal bin Abdullah and princess Zein al-Sharaf bint Jamil of the Hashemite dynasty.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, p.A19)(SFEC, 2/7/99, p.A22)(AP, 11/14/07)
1935        Nov 14, Manuel Luis Quezon was sworn in as the first Filipino president, as the Commonwealth of Philippines was inaugurated. Pres. Roosevelt proclaimed the Philippine Islands a free commonwealth.
    (HN, 11/14/98)(AP, 11/14/97)

1935        Nov 16, Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's musical "Jumbo," premiered NYC.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1935        Nov 20, Borden and Coca Cola were removed from the DJIA. Du Pont and National Steel were added.
    (WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1935        Nov 22, Pan Am inaugurated the first transpacific airmail service, San Francisco to Manila. The Pan Am China Clipper under Captain Ed Musick took off from Alameda Point bound for the Philippines with 111,000 letters. It was the company's first trans-Pacific flight. The plane was a 25-ton Martin M-130 flying boat with a wingspan of 130 feet, and was the largest aircraft in world service.
    (HN, 11/22/98)(Ind, 5/1/99, p.5A)(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.35)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935        Nov 28, The German Reich declared all men ages 18 to 45 as army reservists.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1935        Nov 29, The Pan Am China Clipper under Captain Ed Musick landed in manila Bay in the Philippines after stops in Hawaii, Midway Island, Wake Island and Guam. It was the company's first trans-Pacific flight.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.18)(HN, 11/22/98)(Ind, 5/1/99, p.5A)(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.35)

1935        Nov 30, Non-belief in Nazism was proclaimed grounds for divorce in Germany.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1935        Dec 1, Woody Allen [Allen Stewart Konigsberg], American actor, director best known for "Annie Hall" and "Manhattan," was born.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1935        Dec 1, Lou Rawls, vocalist (Dean Martin's Golddiggers, Natural Man), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1935        Dec 1, The fist airway traffic control center went into operation.
    (NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935        Dec 4, Some 1,200 at St Joseph's College, Philadelphia, enrolled in an anticommunism class.
    (MC, 12/4/01)

1935        Dec 5, Calvin Trillin, journalist and writer, was born.
    (HN, 12/5/00)

1935        Dec 6, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that rats now exceeded city’s population of people by a factor of 3 to 1.
    (SSFC, 12/5/10, DB p.50)

1935        Dec 13, Karim Aga Khan, prince, billionaire, and husband of Rita Hayworth, was born.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1935        Dec 17, Venezuela’s military strongman Juan Vicente Gomez died. He had lorded over Venezuela since 1908.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Vicente_G%C3%B3mez)(AP, 5/22/14)

1935        Dec 21, Phil Donahue, talk show host, was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1935        Dec 25, Albert Joost (57), SF Bay lighthouse keeper, died of injuries from a fire at the Southampton lighthouse between Angel Island and Richmond harbor.
    (www.rudyalicelighthouse.net/CalLts/Smptn/Smptn.htm)(SSFC, 12/26/10, DB p.46)

1935        Dec 30, Sandy Koufax, Hall of Fame left-handed pitcher with the L.A. Dodgers, was born.
    (HN, 12/30/98)
1935        Dec 30, Italian bombers destroyed a Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1935        Dec, The fist Douglas DC-3 airplane was introduced. By 1938 it carried the bulk of American air traffic. It was the first practical passenger plane and stemmed from the DC-1, whose design was led by Arthur E. Raymond (d.1999 at 99). Raymond helped found the Rand Corp. in 1948.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935        Sargent Johnson (1888-1967), African-American artist in SF, made his sculpture "Negro Woman."
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.43)
1935        Salvadore Dali painted his "Portrait of Gala," (L'Angelus de Gala).
    (WSJ, 3/27/00, p.A46)
1935        Rene Magritte painted "Le Palais de Rideaux" (The Palace of Curtains). 
    (SFEM, 4/23/00, p.17)
1935        Matisse painted "The Dream." He also painted "Large Reclining Nude" in this year.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 7/9/01, p.A26)
1935        Piet Mondrian made his abstract "Composition No. 3. White-Yellow." It was first painted in Paris and then repainted in New York City in 1942.
    (SFC, 6/5/98, p.A17)
1935        Picasso made his etching "Minotauromachie." Picasso met Dora Maar and began a 7 year affair with the fashion and portrait photographer.
    (WSJ, 9/13/96, p.A8)(SFC, 5/1/99, p.E1)
1935        A.G. Rizzoli, SF architectural visionary, created his work "Mrs. Geo. Powleson Symbolically Portrayed."
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, DB p.43)
1935        Stanley Spencer, English artist, painted a portrait of his 2nd wife "Nude (Patricia Preece)."
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B5)(SFC, 6/5/98, p.C1)
1935        Katharine Kuh (1904-1994) opened Chicago’s 1st avant garde art gallery. She closed it in 1943 and joined the Art Institute of Chicago, eventually rising to become its 1st female curator. In 2006 Avis Burman edited Kuh’s memoir titled: “My Love Affair with Modern Art: Behind the Scenes with a Legendary Curator.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.81)

1935        Maxwell Anderson wrote his play "Winterset."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1935        Clifford Odets wrote his play "Awake and Sing" and "Waiting for Lefty."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1935        Robert Sherwood wrote his play "The Petrified Forest."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)
1935        William Burkett (d.1999 at 86) wrote "The History of the United States of America 1776-1904" at age 22. The book provided text for a bronze plaque at Mount Rushmore. He later served under Gov. Knight of California and Pres. Eisenhower.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.C7)
1935        George Dangerfield (1904-1986), Anglo-American journalist and literary editor of Vanity Fair (1933 to 1935), authored “The Strange Death of Liberal England," in which he discusses the causes of the decline in the influence of the British Liberal Party in the years 1910 to 1914.
1935        "Black Reconstruction in America: An Essay Toward a History of the Part Which Black Folk Played in the Attempt to Reconstruct Democracy in America, 1860–1880" by W. E. B. Du Bois, was first published. It marked a significant break with the standard academic view of Reconstruction at the time, the Dunning School, which contended that the period was a failure and downplayed the contributions of African Americans.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Reconstruction_in_America)(Econ., 12/19/20, p.111)
1935        British novelist C.S. Forester wrote his novel "The African Queen", later adapted by Hollywood in the 1951 movie of the same name starring Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn.
    (AFP, 5/12/15)
1935        Samuel Fuller (d.1997 at 86) wrote his novel "Burn Baby Burn."
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A17)
1935        Ernest Hemingway wrote "Green Hills of Africa."
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, p.T4)
1935        Robert E. Howard, pulp fiction writer, created his Conan the Barbarian, the Sonora Kid, Solomon Kane and other characters. His romance with Novalyne Price Ellis formed the basis for the 1996 film "The Whole Wide World." It was based on her memoir "One Who Walked Alone."
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.C3)(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A7)
1935        Zora Neale Hurston published her folk tale collection: "Mules and Men." In 2001 the collection was reprinted as "Every Tongue Got to Confess: negro Folk Tales From the Gulf States."
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.M1)
1935        Sinclair Lewis authored his novel “It Can’t Happen Here," a semi-satirical political novel as fascism rose in Germany and Italy. The novel describes the rise of Berzelius "Buzz" Windrip, a populist United States Senator who is elected to the presidency after promising drastic economic and social reforms while promoting a return to patriotism and traditional values.
1935        Anne Morrow Lindbergh authored the travel book "North to the Orient."
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)
1935        Ella Maillart (d.1997 at 94), Swiss sportswoman, wrote "Among Russian Youth: from Moscow to the Caucasus." In 1947 she took a trip to Afghanistan with a sick, morphine-addicted friend and wrote "The Cruel Way, Two Women and a Ford in Afghanistan."
    (SFC, 3/29/97, p.A20)
1935        John O’Hara authored his novel “Butterfield 8." In 1960 it was made into a film.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97, DB p.39)(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.W10)
1935        Major General Smedley D. Butler authored “War Is a Racket"
1935        John Steinbeck wrote his novel "Tortilla Flat."
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)
1935        An edition of Mark Twain’s notebooks was published. "If you tell the truth, you don’t have to remember anything."
    (WSJ, 1/26/96, A-11)
1935        Thomas Wolfe wrote his 2nd novel "Of Time and the River."
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.40)

1935        Bob Hope hosted his first NBC radio broadcast for Bromo Seltzer.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.D5)

1935        Marguerite Veiller wrote her murder mystery play "The Two Mrs. Carrolls," under the pen name Martin Vale.
    (WSJ, 8/29/97, p.A9)

1935        Hollywood produced the first of 66 movies on Hopalong Cassidy with William Boyd.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, Z1 p.3)
1935        Hollywood produced a film version of "A Midsummer Night’s Dream" by Shakespeare with James Cagney as Bottom, Mickey Rooney as Puck, Dick Powell as Lysander and in her first film, Olivia de Havilland as Hermia. It was the only sound film by the German director Max Reinhardt. William Dieterle co-directed the film, which featured ballet dancer Nini Theilade (1915-2018) as the lead fairy.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/24/97, p.A20)(SFC, 2/23/18, p.D5)

1935        Dubose Heyward wrote the hit song "Summertime."
    (WSJ, 2/2/00, p.W8)

1935        Frances Langford (1913-2005), singer and entertainer, made a hit with the song “I’m in the Mood for Love" by Dorothy Fields and Jimmy McHugh.
    (SFC, 7/12/05, p.B5)

1935        Sir Michael Tippett, British composer, composed his initial work "First String Quartet."
    (SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)

1935        Frank Sinatra appeared on the Major Bowes Amateur Hour. This marked the first know recording of Sinatra’s voice.
    (WSJ, 12/14/95, p.A-12)

1935        Construction of the Blue Ridge Parkway along the southern Appalachians was begun. It was officially completed in 1987.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.68)

1935        Thomas More (1478-1535) was canonized as a saint.
    (WSJ, 10/22/98, p.A20)

1935        W.H. Auden married Thomas Mann’s daughter Erika to get her out of Berlin on a British passport.
    (WSJ, 2/12/96, p.A-13)

1935        Angus Bowmer, a theater professor at Stanford and Oregon Normal School, founded the Shakespeare Festival at Ashland, Oregon.
    (SSFC, 3/18/01, p.T8)

1935        Little Lulu made her debut as a character in a Saturday Evening Post panel drawn by Marjorie "Marge" Henderson Buell.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, Z1 p.6)

1935        The New Yorker hired Emily Hahn (1905-1997) as its China correspondent.
    (SFC, 2/19/96, p.A20)

1935        The Pittsburgh Crawfords were considered to have been the greatest Negro League baseball team of all time.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.T4)

1935        The Soap Box Derby was moved from Dayton, Ohio to Akron when the publisher of the Akron Beacon-Journal promised the Derby’s first sponsor, Chevrolet, to build a permanent race track. The track is currently 953.9 feet long.
    (Smith., 5/95, p.26)

1935        Roller Derby began as a team skating sport played on a banked oval track. Leo Seltzer of Portland, Oregon, invented the contact sport of Roller Derby as a form of entertainment during the Great Depression. His son Gerald Edwin Seltzer (1932-2019) took over the family business in 1959. Roller Derby folded in 1973. In 1974 Jerry Seltzer co-founded the BASS ticket agency in Oakland, Ca.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, p.C10)(SFC, 7/12/19, p.C6)

1935        Joe Louis won a heavyweight boxing match over Primo Carnera.
    (SFEC, 6/8/97, BR p.8)

1935        Jay Berwanger of the Univ. of Chicago won the first Downtown Athletic Club trophy. The trophy was renamed the Heisman trophy in 1937 following the death of former coach and club director John Heisman.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.C18)

1935        The name "Triple Crown Winner" was coined by writer Charlie Hatton after the 3-year-old Omaha won the Kentucky Derby, the NY Belmont Stakes and the Maryland Preakness.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.E3)

1935        James Chadwick (1891-1974), British physicist, won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
1935        Frederic Joliot-Curie and Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicists, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
1935        Carl Von Ossietzky (1889-1938), German pacifist and anti-fascist writer, won the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize. Ossietzky was awarded a Nobel Prize while in a Nazi concentration camp. On May 4, 1938, succumbed to tuberculosis and from the after-effects of the abuse he suffered in the concentration camps.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_von_Ossietzky)(Econ 7/15/17, p.38)

1935        The Resettlement Administration (RA) was established by executive order under provisions of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act. In the midst of the Great Depression, the RA was authorized to administer projects for resettlement of destitute or low-income families from urban and rural areas. The experimental suburban communities for low-income city workers, created by the Resettlement Administration during the Great Depression, were known as "Greenbelt" towns. The "Greenbelt" communities were specifically for low-income urban workers. Among the towns were Greenbelt, Md., near Washington, D.C., Greenhills near Cincinnati and Greendale near Milwaukee.
    (HNQ, 6/1/00)(HNQ, 2/24/02)
1935        The Federal Emergency Relief Administration created an experimental farming community known as the Matanuska Valley Colony as part of the New Deal resettlement plan. Palmer, Alaska, was founded during the Great Depression, when 203 Midwestern farm families were relocated here and given 40-acre tracts as part of the Matanuska Colony Project.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matanuska_Valley_Colony)(LAT, 7/2/05)

1935        Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act.
    (SFC, 3/12/97, p.A19)

1935        Pres. Roosevelt declared Fort Jefferson on the Dry Tortugas a National Monument.
    (NH, 4/97, p.38)

1935        The Public Utility Holding Company Act reigned in electric utility monopolies.
    (WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)

1935        The Rural Electrification Administration was set up to bring power and telephone service to communities across the country.
    (SFC, 2/3/00, p.A1)

1935        The US Historic Sites Act was passed on behalf of endangered antiquities.
    (Arch, 11/04, p.4)

1935        The US Public health Service received a study of asbestos health hazards prepared by the Metropolitan Live Insurance Co. The government began using asbestos extensively on navy ships during WW II. Workers began to file suits in the 1970s. In 2003 some 300,000 asbestos suits were pending.
    (WSJ, 11/11/03, p.A4)

1934        The US cruiser San Francisco was built at the Mare Island naval shipyard.
    (SFC, 5/26/18, p.C1)
1935        The new Los Angeles Times building was completed. In 1910 a union-member bombing killed 21 nonunion pressman and linotype operators at the LA Times.
    (WSJ, 9/16/08, p.A23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Times_bombing)
1935        The Griffith Observatory opened in Los Angeles. It was donated to the city by Col. Griffith J. Griffith and designed by architects John C. Austin and F.M. Ashley. In 1976 it was designated a city historic-cultural monument. In 2002 it closed and re-opened in 2006 after a $93 million makeover.
    (SSFC, 12/14/08, p.B6)
1935        The SF Museum of Art opened on the 4th floor of the new Veterans Building. The 1st exhibition included gothic tapestries as well as contemporary art.
    (SFC, 10/21/04, p.A15)
1935        Pierre Monteux began conducting the SF Symphony Orchestra.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, WB p.6)
1935        The SF Opera performed its first Ring Cycle with Lauritz Melchior and Kirsten Flagstad in her company debut.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, DB p.35)
1935        Joe DiMaggio hit .398 for the SF Seals and 34 homers in his last year in the minors.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)
1935        In San Francisco Paul C. Smith (27) was named executive editor of The Chronicle newspaper.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)
1935        Lawrence Hart (1901-1996) established a seminar that produced the "Activist Group" of poets. He lived on the "Monkey Block" where the Transamerica Pyramid now stands. A manifesto by the group was published by the Berkeley magazine Circle in 1947 titled: Ideas of Order in Experimental Poetry.
    (SFC, 6/6/96, p.C6)
1935        John Joseph Mitty succeeded Archbishop Hanna as Archbishop of SF and served until 1961. Mitty was the city's 4th Catholic archbishop.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A22)
1935        In San Francisco Mike Geraldi, a Sicilian immigrant and commercial fisherman, founded Fisherman’s Grotto on Fisherman’s Wharf. In 2016 the restaurant was sold to Chris Henry, owner of Tommy’s Joint in SF and Barrel House Tavern in Sausalito.
    (SFC, 6/23/16, p.C1)
1935        John Graffeo opened his Graffeo Coffee House in North Beach. When he died in the early 1950s the business was taken over by Luciano Repetto and his family, and called the Graffeo Coffee Roasting Co.
    (SFC,12/31/97, Z1 p.6)
1935        Giuseppe Luigi Mezetta and his son Daniel Joseph Mezetta (1916-2005) founded G.L. Mezetta, importer of Italian specialty foods that included glass-packed peppers and olives. The firm was originally based at the SF Produce Market.
    (SFC, 3/26/05, p.B4)
1935        Joe DiMaggio hit .398 for the Seals and 34 homers in his last year in the minors.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)
1935        SF State Normal School changed its name to SF State College and introduced a liberal arts curriculum.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1935        The WPA began construction on major exhibits at the SF Zoo. These included Monkey Island, Lion House, the Aviary and Elephant House.
    (SFC, 7/30/04, p.E15)
1935        Peter Petri (1916-2007), Italian immigrant, hired in as an elevator operator for the St. Francis Hotel for $2.80 per day.
    (SFC, 1/17/07, p.B7)
1935        The Symon Brothers company completed the wrecking of 165 buildings in San Francisco to make way for the construction of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
    (SSFC, 9/26/10, DB p.50)
1935        California began taxing personal income and imposed a use tax on certain purchases from out of state companies.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(SFC, 6/21/11, p.D5)
1935        In Pasadena, Ca., R. Stanton Avery (d.1997 at 90) began selling self-stick labels made from a machine he invented using a washing machine motor, sewing machine parts and a saw. By 1996 the Avery Dennison Corp. annual sales reached $3.2 billion.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.A20)
1935        Nicholas Doukas (d.1974 at 85) opened the Greek Orthodox Memorial Park cemetery, the only one in the US, at the site of a heather farm in Colma, Ca.
    (CHA, 1/2001)(www.colmahistory.org/History.htm)
1934        In Hollywood, Ca., Ina Ray Hutton formed her first all-female jazz orchestra, Ina Ray Hutton and Her Melodears.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.E2)

1935        Kentucky Gov. Ruby Laffoon, enjoyed the fried chicken of Harland Sanders so much that she named Sanders a Kentucky Colonel.
    (Econ, 8/27/05, p.62)

1935        In Washington state the Tacoma Art Museum was founded. In 2014 it nearly doubled its size with a new gallery devoted to the almost 300 works of the Haub Family Collection.
    (SSFC, 11/2/14, p.M2)

1935        The United Auto Workers of America union was organized.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1935        The Detroit Electric Company, the last manufacturer of electric cars, ceased production of its electric vehicles.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1935        The Auburn Speedster was the first American car equipped with a standard radio.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1935        The Hammond organ was introduced and became a low-cost alternative to the pipe organ. The last Hammond B-3 was made in 1975.
    (WSJ, 1/7/02, p.A16)

1935        The Morgan Stanley investment bank was spun off from the J.P. Morgan empire.
    (SFC, 2/6/97, p.A1)

1935        Tyson Foods was founded. By 2002 the company was the world’s largest processor and marketer of beef, chicken and pork.
    (WSJ, 6/24/02, p.A2)

1935        Samuel O. Blanc invented the original Roto-Rooter machine.
    (WSJ, 8/23/95, p.A-1)

1935        The first electric typewriter came into use.
    (SJSVB, 3/25/96, p.27)

1935        Francis and his father Max Factor Sr. invented pancake makeup to keep actor’s faces from appearing green in Technicolor films. Max Factor Sr. had been the czar’s personal cosmetician and died in 1938. Francis then assumed his father’s name, Max.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, p.B-6)

1935        Scientists at Cornell Univ. reported that restricting calories had an antiaging effect in rodents.
    (WSJ, 10/30/06, p.A11)

1935        The vollum strain of anthrax was 1st isolated from a cow in Oxfordshire, U.K. this was the strain later used on Gruinard Island tests. Hundreds of Bacillus anthracis strains exist. Other common strains named were Ames, Sterne and Michigan.
    (WSJ, 10/18/01, p.A8)

1934        Father Charles Coughlin (1891-1979), a Michigan-based Canadian-American Catholic priest, founded the National Union for Social Justice (NUSJ), a nationalistic worker's rights organization. He was one of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience, as up to thirty million listeners tuned to his weekly broadcasts. Coughlin supported Huey Long until Long was assassinated in 1935, and then supported William Lemke's Union Party in 1936. He was forced off the air in 1939.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coughlin)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.18)
1935        Gerald Ford (1908-2006), 41st vice-president and 38th president of the United States, graduated from the Univ. of Michigan, where he had been a star football player.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)

1935        Alice Stuart (d.2001 at 88), a black graduate student, sought admission to the Univ. of Virginia but was rejected. Virginia then established a tuition supplement program to fund black students for graduate schools outside the state, which Stuart accepted. The program was declared unconstitutional in 1950.
    (SFC, 6/15/01, p.D5)

1935        Benton MacKaye, founder of the Appalachian Trail project, formed the non-profit Wilderness Society.
    (ON, 5/06, p.10)

1935        Seismologists Beno Gutenberg and Charles Francis Richter introduced the Richter scale. It became widely used as a quantitative measure of the magnitude of an earthquake.

1935        There were 199 prisoners executed in the US this year.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.A2)

1935        In Minnesota reporter Howard Guilford was shotgunned to death. The state had indicted him 19 times under false charges of which he was acquitted.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.10)

1935        Oliver Herford (b.1863), American author, died. "A man is known by the silence he keeps."
    (AP, 12/4/00)

1935        Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld, German sexologist, died.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.E1)

1935        Gaston Lachaise (b.1882), Franco-American sculptor, died. He was a modernist and obsessed with his wife, who inspired much of his work.
    (SFC, 2/2/02, p.D1)

1935        Paul Signac (b.1863), French neo-impressionist pointillist painter, died. His work included "Portrait of Felix Feneon, Opus 217" (1890-1891).
    (WSJ, 11/6/01, p.A24)

1935        In Argentina new laws pushed the private sector out of the upstream development of natural resources.
    (WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A9)

1935        In Australia cane toads (Bufo marinus) from Hawaii were introduced to wipe out beetles that were devastating Queensland's sugar cane industry. The beetles survived and the toads became a pest and a threat to the native quolls, small spotted marsupials. On March 28, 2009, a festive mass killing of the creatures began as “Toad Day Out." The corpses were turned into fertilizer for the very farmers who've battled the pests for years. In 2010 scientists reported that cat food attracts carnivorous meat ants, which swarm over and munch on baby toads killing 70 percent of them.
    (Econ, 7/12/03, p.38)(SFC, 6/10/06, p.B8)(AP, 3/26/09)(AFP, 2/18/10)
1935        A 2nd cyclone again killed some 140 oyster crewmen in Broome, Australia. [see 1887]
    (NG, 11/04, p.98)

1935        Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) wrote the libretto for the opera Die Schweigsame Frau (The Silent Woman) with music by Richard Strauss. It was banned by the Nazis and Zweig was driven into exile.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.91)
1935        Austrian physicist Erwin Schrodinger imagined putting a cat into a sealed box along with a flask of Prussic acid, a radioactive atom, a Geiger counter, an electric relay and a hammer. If the atom decayed, the Geiger counter would detect the radiation and send a signal to trip a relay, which would release the hammer, which would smash the flask and poison the cat. The famous unperformed experiment became known as Schrodinger’s cat.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.100)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schr%C3%B6dinger%27s_cat)

1935        In Britain Henry Grunfeld (d.1999), a German Jewish refugee, teamed with fellow refugee Siegmund Warburg (d.1982) to establish the New Trading Co., an investment banking house that became known as S.G. Warburg in 1946. Swiss Bank acquired the firm in 1995.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B4)
1935        Melita Norwood (23) a clerk at the British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association was recommended to the NKVD by Andrew Rothstein, one of the founders of the British Communist Party. Norwood served as a Russian spy, "Hola," until she retired in 1972 and her role was not made public until KGB files, brought to London in 1992 by Vasili Mitrokhin, were made public in 1999 in "The Mitrokhin Archive."
    (SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A16)(SFC, 12/21/99, p.C8)

1935        John Buchan (1875-1940), Scottish novelist and Unionist politician, became Governor General of Canada and was created Baron Tweedsmuir. Canadian PM William Lyon Mackenzie King had wanted him to go to Canada as a commoner, but King George V insisted on being represented by a peer.
1935        Canada’s wheat growers set up a state-run, but voluntary body, to market their crops collectively and get better prices. In 1943 the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) became compulsory.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.59)

1935        France passed a set of laws known as Appellation d’Origine Controlee (controlled place of origin). The AOC laws were meant to protect growers and properly identify a wine’s origin. They were not intended as an indicator of quality.
    (SFC, 1/8/97, zz-1 p.4)

1935        Hitler repudiated the Treaty of Versailles.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1935)
1935        In Germany Paragraph 175 of the Criminal Code punished "lewd and lascivious" behavior between men. As many as 100,000 were arrested under the law.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, p.A18)
1935        In Germany the 6 man singing group "Comedian Harmonists" was banned from performing because three of the members were Jewish. The group split in 2 and an émigré faction went on to the US and performed until disbanding in 1941. The German-based Meistersextett also broke up in 1941.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)
1935        The W. Goebel porcelain factory in Rodental, Germany, began producing Hummel figurines.
    (SFC, 10/12/05, p.G3)
1935        Germany-based BASF discovered how to make recording tape.
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.63)

1935        In India the Doon School was founded in Dehra Dun, 140 miles northeast of New Delhi, on the former site of Imperial Forest College & Research Institute.
    (WSJ, 6/3/06, p.A1)
1935        Delhi, India, recorded minus 0.6 degrees Celsius.
    (AP, 1/8/06)

1935        In Iraq Mohammed Mahdi al-Jawahri, classical Arab poet, published "Al Jawahri’s Divan."
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1935        The League of Nations studied the khat plant, chewed and brewed as a legal stimulant in many parts of the world. It was found to contain cathinone, a natural amphetamine, that produces alertness and a kind of euphoria along with side effects that cause users to become unstable.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A19)

1935         Mussolini presented a gift of 3,000,000 gold francs to Albania; other economic aid followed.
    (www, Albania, 1998)   
1935        Mussolini exiled Carlo Levi (1902-1975), Italian journalist, artist and doctor. As a Jew and for his antifascist activities he was exiled until 1936 to two isolated villages in the province of Lucania.
1935        Bruno Ducati (d.2001) and his brothers Adriano and Marcello began producing condensers and radio equipment in Italy. They switched to motorcycle production after WW II.
    (SFC, 5/17/01, p.A25)

1935        In Japan the Tsukji fish market opened in Tokyo. It grew to become the largest fish market in the world. In 2004 Ted Bestor authored “Tsukji: The Fish market at the Center of the World."
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.70)

1935        Latvia erected its Freedom Monument, a 42-metre (138 ft) high structure in Riga, as a  symbol of resistance to foreign rule.
    (Reuters, 2/19/08)

1935        Casino gambling was outlawed in Mexico.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A7)

1935        Taiwan passed legislation criminalizing adultery. It was not clear whether the law applied to gay couples.
    (Econ., 5/16/20, p.31)
1935        In Taiwan a 7.4 earthquake hit and killed 3,276 people.
    (SFC, 9/21/99, p.A13)

1935        In the USSR Stalin began to wipe out of many of his former friends.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1935)

1935        Hotel Moskva, designed by architect Alexei Shchusev, opened just off Red Square. It was later featured on the Stolichnaya Vodka label.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

1935        In the Soviet Union the Stakhanovite campaign began in 1935 using the example of coal miner Aleksey Grigoriyevich Stakhanov who, by allegedly mining 102 tons of coal in one shift, exceeded and established new production norms. Someone known as a Stakhanovite was a member of the Soviet workers’ elite by virtue of exceeding production norms and was rewarded with special privileges. Used in a great propaganda campaign from 1935 to the start of World War II, the higher production norms placed great pressure on other workers and often resulted in quality of goods sacrificed for quantity.
    (HNQ, 10/3/98)

1935        In Istanbul, Turkey, the Hagia Sophia Byzantine cathedral was turned into a museum. Also called the Church of Holy Wisdom, it was built in 537 and remained a symbol of Byzantine grandeur until Istanbul was conquered by Muslim armies.
    (AP, 7/24/09)

1935-1943    Georgi Dimitrov, a Bulgarian communist selected by Stalin, led the Comintern.
    (WSJ, 6/6/03, p.W9)

1935-1936    The Italian army used chemical warfare against Ethiopia in violation of the 1925 Geneva Protocol.
    (NH, 10/98, p.18)

1935-1938    An unknown murderer carved up at least 7 men and 5 women in Cleveland and left hunks of their bodies scattered around town or dumped in the Cuyahoga River.
    (SFC, 6/2/96, T10)

1935-1942    The American Guide Series was published as panoramic guide of the nation under the Federal Writer’s Project. In 1972 Jerre Mangione published "The Dream and the Deal: The Federal Writers’ Project, 1935-1943."
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.6)(SFC, 9/1/98, p.A20)

1935-1942    Eliot Ness, former FBI agent, served as the safety director of Cleveland, Ohio.
    (SFC, 9/11/97, p.A3)

1935-1944    In 2000 the memoir of Mihail Sebastian, a Jewish Romanian playwright, was published: "Journal, 1935-1944: The Fascist Years." Sebastian died soon after the war in a traffic accident.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.19)

1935-1945    Arthur Fellig, a photographer known as Weegee, roamed New York City and shot the underbelly of the city. A 1997 book: "Weegee’s World" shows his work.
    (WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A20)

1935-1945    There were 12,731 B-17 bomber airplanes built. Nicknamed the "Flying Fortress," over 4,000 never returned from combat.
    (WSJ, 9/9/98, p.A20)

1935-1948    W.L. Mackenzie King, Liberal, again served as the 10th Prime Minister of Canada.
    (CFA, ‘96, p.81)

1935-1970    Denmark gave sex offenders a choice between prison or surgical castration. The practice was banned due to criticism that it was inhumane and irreversible.
    (SFC, 8/31/96, p.A12)

1935-1976    In Sweden an involuntary sterilization program was conducted over this period during which some 63,000 people were deemed genetically inferior and involuntarily sterilized. In 1999 a commission recommended that victims, 90% women, be paid $21,000 each. Checks for over $22,000 were soon mailed out to some 200 victims.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.C10)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A26)

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