Timeline 1930

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1930        Jan 3, Robert Loggia, actor, was born. His films included: Independence Day, Wild Palms, Big, Armed and Dangerous, Prizzi’s Honor, Scarface, Psycho 2, Pink Panther series, A Woman Called Golda, Speedtrap, An Officer and a Gentleman, The Greatest Story Ever Told, Somebody Up There Likes Me, Mancuso FBI.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1930         Jan 3, The second conference on war reparations began in the Hague.
    (HN, 1/3/99)

1933        Jan 5, In San Francisco federal judge Harold Lauderback ordered the auction of 2,245 gallons of moonshine that had been seized in raids.
    (SSFC, 1/4/09, DB p.50)
1930        Jan 5, Mao Tse-tung wrote "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire."
    (MC, 1/5/02)

1930        Jan 9, Johannes ("John") Charles, Siberian contra-basso, snake handler, faith healer, grandson of Rasputin, was born.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1930        Jan 9, Earth rumbling awakened Chicagoans- no earthquake, seismologists said. The stockyards sprang a leak and a foul stench covered the city three hours.
    (MC, 1/9/02)
1930        Jan 9, Maria Innocente (33) died. She claimed to have been visited by the Virgin Mary.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1930        Jan 15, Amelia Earhart set an aviation record for women at 171 mph in a Lockheed Vega.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1930        Jan 20, Dr. Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin, second man to walk on the moon, was born.
    (HN, 1/20/99)
1930        Jan 20, Charles Lindbergh arrived in New York, setting a cross country flying record of 14.75 hours. [see Apr 20]
    (HN, 1/20/99)

1930        Jan 21, Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russian cosmonaut, was born.
    (MC, 1/21/02)
1930        Jan 21, An international arms meeting opened in London. The London Naval Conference, hosted by Britain, sought to establish naval disarmament and review the Washington Treaty of 1922, which limited tonnage of new battleships. After three months of meetings, representatives from Britain, the United States and Japan signed a treaty limiting battleship tonnage based on ratios between the nations. Italy and France declined to sign. A second naval conference in December 1935 did little to promote further disarmament and, by the beginning of World War II, Germany, Japan and the United States had all begun building battleships well over the limit of 35,000 tons stipulated by the original Washington Treaty. [see Apr 22]
    (HN, 1/21/99)(HNQ, 1/1/01)

1930        Jan 22, Adm. Richard Byrd charted a vast area of Antarctica.
    (HN, 1/22/99)

1930        Jan 23, Antone “Black Tony" Parmagini and William Levin, said to be the brains of an int’l. narcotics ring and the western associates of the notorious Rothstein ring of NY, were found guilty in SF, Ca., on 5 different counts of violating narcotics law.
    (SFC, 1/21/05, p.F3)

1930        Jan 25, New York police routed a Communist rally at the Town Hall.
    (HN, 1/25/99)

1930         Jan 29, North American Co. was again removed from the Dow Jones and Johns Manville was added.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1930        Feb 1, A Loening Air Yacht of Air Ferries made its first passenger run between San Francisco and Oakland, California. Amphibious airplanes offered frequent six-minute flights between San Francisco and Oakland in 1930.
    (HN, 2/1/99)

1930        Feb 3, The chief justice of the United States, William Howard Taft, resigned for health reasons. He died just over a month later.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1930        Feb 5, Sonja Henie (17), Norwegian figure skating star, won her fourth consecutive world's amateur singles championship.
    (NY Times, 2/6/1930, p.30)

1930        Feb 14, “The Maltese Falcon," by SF based writer Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), was published.
    (SFC, 6/7/04, p.C1)

1930        Feb 15, Wenona beat Toluca in an Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(www.illinoishsglorydays.com/id36.html)

1930        Feb 18, Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi," premiered in Milan.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1930        Feb 18, Richard Rodgers' & Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/18/02)
1930        Feb 18, Pluto, the ninth planet of our solar system, was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh (1907-1997) at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz. It is 2.76 billion miles (5,888 million km.) from the sun at the closest point of its orbit. Pluto was later designated a "dwarf planet."
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, p.B6)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(AP, 2/18/07)

1930        Feb 19, John Frankenheimer (d.2002), Hollywood film director (Birdman of Alcatraz, The Train), was born in NYC.
    (SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A23)(MC, 2/19/02)

1930        Feb 21, Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1930        Feb 23, Horst Wessel (22), German Nazi brawler (wrote lyrics for "Die Fahne Hoch," the Horst Wessel Song), was killed.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1930        Feb 24, Charles E. Hughes (1862-1948), former associate Justice on the US Supreme Court, was sworn in as Chief Justice.

1930        Feb 26, "The Green Pastures" opened at Mansfield Theater.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1930        Feb 26, Manhattan, NYC, installed the 1st red and green traffic lights.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1930        Feb 27, Joanne Woodward, actress, was born. Her films included "Rachel, Rachel" and "The Three Faces of Eve."
    (HN, 2/27/01)

1930        Feb 28, Charles Scott Moncrieff, Scotland-born soldier, spy and translator, died in Rome. His work included the translation of seven of eight volumes of Proust’s “Remembrance of Things Past."  In 2014 Jean Findlay authored “chasing Lost Time: The Life of C.K. Scott Moncrieff."
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.66)

1930        Mar 1, In San Francisco the 22 storey Clay-Jones Apartments, designed by architect Albert Larsen, opened at 1250 Jones St.
    (SSFC, 2/1/15, p.D2)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.D1)

1930        Mar 2, SF took possession of the Spring Valley Water Co. The company had its headquarters in a 7-storey building at 425 Mason St.
    (SFC, 12/17/04, p.F2)(SSFC, 8/24/14, p.C2)
1930        Mar 2, Harry Kuchins made the first indoor glider flight inside the St. Louis, Mo, Terminal Building.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1930        Mar 2, Novelist D.H. Lawrence died of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France, at the age of 45.
    (HN, 3/2/01)

1930        Mar 3, Bert Lahr ("The Wizard of Oz") and Kate "God Bless America" Smith starred as "Flying High" opened at the Apollo Theatre in New York City. The show had a run of 45 weeks at what is now the most famous black entertainment theatre in America.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)

1930        Mar 4, A Federal Grand Jury indicted George Noel Keyston, president of the SF Stock Exchange, along with 8 others for an alleged conspiracy to embezzle some $550,000 from the Post and Fillmore branch of the Bank of Italy in 1929.
    (SFC, 3/4/05, p.F3)
1930        Mar 4, Coolidge Dam in Arizona was dedicated.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1930        Mar 5, Lorin Maazel, conductor (NBC Symphony Orch 1941), was born in Neuilly, France.
    (MC, 3/5/02)
1930        Mar 5, Some 10,000 people gathered in front of SF City Hall as part of “Red Thursday," a nationwide and worldwide unemployment demonstration.
    (SFC, 3/4/05, p.F3)

1930        Mar 6, Clarence Birdseye of Brooklyn developed a method for quick freezing food.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1930        Mar 7, Lord Snowdon, [Anthony Armstrong-Jones], photographer, was born in London.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1930        Mar 8, William Howard Taft (72), 27th president of the United States (1909-1913), died in Washington. In addition to John F. Kennedy, William Howard Taft is the only other U.S. president buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Born in Cincinnati on September 15, 1857, Taft was the 27th president, serving from 1909 to 1913. He later served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1921 until illness forced him to resign in 1930.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(HNQ, 12/10/98)
1930        Mar 8, Mahatma Gandhi started civil disobedience in India. [see Mar 12]
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1930        Mar 9, Ornette Coleman, jazz saxophonist, was born. [see Mar 19]
    (HN, 3/9/01)

1930          Mar 10, Justinas Marcinkevicius, Lithuanian poet, was born.
1930        Mar 10, Raymond Rasberry, pianist, singer, was born.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1930        Mar 11, Former President and Chief Justice Taft was the first U.S. president to be buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington, Va.
    (HN, 3/11/98)(AP, 3/11/02)

1930        Mar 12, Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi began a 200-mile march to the sea to protest a British tax on salt. The march symbolized his defiance of British Rule over India.
    (HN, 3/12/98)(AP, 3/12/98)

1930        Mar 13, The Lowell Observatory in Arizona announced Clyde Tombaugh’s Feb 18 discovery of Pluto.
    (HN, 3/13/98)(NH, 6/03, p.20)

1930        Mar 15, The USS Nautilus, the 1st streamlined submarine of US Navy, was launched.
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1930         Mar 16 For the first time, a live opera performance was transmitted via shortwave from Dresden Germany and received by NBC in New York, which broadcasted the event for American listeners. Unfortunately, reception was poor and Americans only heard about 20 minutes of the opera, "Fidelio."
    (NY Times, 3/17/1930, p.33)
1930        Mar 16, USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) was floated out to become a national shrine.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1930        Mar 17, James Benson Irwin, Col. USAF, astronaut (Apollo 15), was born in Pittsburgh, Penn.
    (MC, 3/17/02)
1930        Mar 17, Al Capone was released from jail.
    (HN, 3/17/98)

1930        Mar 19, Ornette Coleman was born in Fort Worth, Texas, and was an early proponent of ‘free form jazz.‘ Having taught himself to play the saxophone and read music by age 14, Coleman moved to Los Angeles and met like-minded musicians in the early ‘50s. His debut album in 1959, Something Else! introduced his atonal interpretation of jazz, one free of traditional tonal structure, which he terms ‘harmolodic.‘ Many listeners and critics have termed it ‘anarchy.‘ Coleman has continued to be an influential if controversial figure in jazz, now producing albums under his own label (Harmolodic, Inc.) as well as soundtracks for films. [see Mar 9]
    (HNQ, 10/19/00)
1930        Mar 19, Arthur J. Balfour (81), British theologist, premier (1902-05), died.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1930        Mar 20, Clessie Cummins set a diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1930        Mar 22, Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist (A Little Night Music, Passion), was born.
    (HN, 3/22/01)

1930        Mar 24, Steve McQueen, actor (Wanted, Dead or Alive, Blob, Bullitt), was born in Slater, Mo.
    (MC, 3/24/02)
1930        Mar 24, The U.S. Senate passed a bill increasing tariffs.
    (HN, 3/24/98)

1930        Mar 26, Gregory Corso, beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man), was born. He discovered literature in prison.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)
1930        Mar 26, Sandra Day O'Connor, first woman US Supreme Court Justice (1981- ), was born in El Paso TX.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)
1930        Mar 26, Congress appropriated $50,000 for Inter-American highway.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1930        Mar 27, David Janssen, [Meyer], actor (Fugitive, Harry O) and son of Clark Gable, was born in Naponee, Nebraska.
    (MC, 3/27/02)
1930        Mar 27, 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1930        Mar 28, Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, was born. He helped confirm the existence of quarks.
    (HN, 3/28/01)
1930        Mar 28, The names of the Turkish cities of Constantinople and Angora were changed to Istanbul and Ankara.
    (AP, 3/28/97)(HN, 3/28/98)

1930        Mar 30, David Staple, joint president of the Council of Churches for Britain and Ireland, was born.
    (MC, 3/30/02)
1930        Mar 30, In Germany Heinrich Brüning (1885-1970) became chancellor and continued to 1932.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Br%C3%BCning)(Econ, 4/29/17, p.57)

1930        Apr 29, The film "All Quiet on the Western Front," based on Erich Maria Remarque's novel Im Western Nichts Neues, premiered.
    (HN, 4/29/01)

1930        Apr 1, The film "Blue Angel" with Marlene Dietrich and Emil Jannings, premiered in the US. It was directed by Josef von Sternberg.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.3)(MC, 4/1/02)
1930            Apr 1,  Leo Hartnett (Gabby Hartnett) of the Chicago Cubs broke the altitude record for a catch by catching a baseball dropped from the Goodyear blimp 800 feet over Los Angeles, CA. He caught the ball cleanly, saying, "Eeeeooooww!". His injuries included a broken jaw.
    (OTD)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(MC, 4/1/02)
1930        Apr 1, The US National Census was taken. Records were made available Apr 1, 2002, according to 1952 regulations.
    (SFC, 4/1/02, p.A3)
1930        Apr 1, Cosima Liszt (92), wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1930        Apr 2, Girolamo Arriego, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/2/02)
1930        Apr 2, Ethiopia’s Empress Zauditu died and Ras Tafari assumed the title of Emperor.

1930        Apr 3, The first of two Academy Awards banquets this year was held in Los Angeles at the Fiesta Room of the Ambassador Hotel. The awards were given for films released between 2 August 1928 and 31 July 1929.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.D5)(www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Academy_Awards_USA/1930-1)
1930        Apr 3, Helmut Kohl, German statesman and chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, was born.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(HN, 4/3/99)

1930        Apr 5, Mahatma Ghandi defied British law by making salt in India instead of buying it from the British.
    (HN, 4/5/99)

1930        Apr 6, Hostess Twinkies were invented by bakery executive James Dewar.
    (MC, 4/6/02)
1930        Apr 6, 1st transcontinental glider tow was completed.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1930        Apr 8, John Reardon, baritone (Falke-Die Fledermaus), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1930        Apr 10, The first synthetic rubber was produced.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1930        Apr 14, Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1930        Apr 18, Clive Revill, actor (Legend of Hell House), was born in Wellington, NZ.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1930        Apr 20, Charles (d.1974) and Anne Lindbergh (d.2001 at 94) set a transcontinental speed record flying from Los Angeles to New York in 14 hours and 45 minutes. Anne was 7 months pregnant. [see Jan 20]
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)

1930        Apr 21, Margaret Rose, Princess of York, was born in London, England.
    (MC, 4/21/02)
1930        Apr 21, Silvana Mangano, actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), was born in Rome, Italy.
    (MC, 4/21/02)
1930        Apr 21, In Columbus, Ohio, 322 people were killed at the Ohio Penitentiary after a fire started on scaffolding. Most died of smoke inhalation when breakdown in command kept guards from unlocking cell doors. This was the worst prison fire in US history.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
1930        Apr 21, Robert S. Bridges (85), poet laureate (Testament of beauty), died.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1930        Apr 22, The United States, Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding. The London Naval Conference met in Europe and agreed to shrink the world’s navies.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1930)(AP, 4/22/97)

1930        Apr 25, Dotty Mack, actress (Paul Dixon Show), was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1930        Apr 25, Paul Mazursky, US writer, director (Moscow on the Hudson), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1930        Apr 28, James Baker III was born. He became Secretary of Treasury (1985-88) for President Ronald Reagan, and Secretary of State (1989-1992) for President George Bush.
    (HN, 4/28/99)
1930        Apr 28, The first night organized baseball game was played in Independence, Kansas.
    (HN, 4/28/98)
1930        Apr 28, Astronomers at California’s Lick Observatory recorded a solar eclipse.
    (SFC, 4/22/05, p.F3)

1930        Apr 29, The film "All Quiet on the Western Front," based on Erich Maria Remarque's novel "Im Western Nichts Neues," premiered.
    (HN, 4/29/01)
1930        Apr 29, Telephone connection England-Australia went into service.
    (MC, 4/29/02)

1930        Apr 30, The Soviet Union proposed military alliance with France and Great Britain.
    (HN, 4/30/98)

1930        May 1, Anton J. Anderson, a Sausalito fisherman, returned to port in SF, Ca., towing 2 boats and carrying the bodies of Allen Curry (29), a deputy fish and game warden, and James Burke (48), a former game warden. Anderson himself was wounded and explained that he had shot the 2 men in self defense after they tried to confiscate his nets. Anderson was not indicted and returned to fishing. He died mysteriously 3 years later off the Mendocino shore.
    (SSFC, 8/17/08, DB p.58)
1930        May 1, Pluto was first publicly announced as the name of a newly discovered planet.   Venetia Phair (11) had suggested the name to her grandfather, librarian Falconer Madan, who relayed the suggestion to his friend Herbert Hall Turner, professor of astronomy at Oxford. Madan rewarded Phair (1919-2009) with a five-pound note. The same purchasing power in 2009 would be about 230 pounds, or $350.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

1930        May 4, Roberta Peters, operatic soprano (NY Met), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 5/4/02)
1930        May 4, Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British.
    (HN, 5/4/98)

1930        May 5, In Chicago the Merchandise Mart opened as the world's largest building. The building spans two city blocks and encompasses more than 4 million square feet. It is sometimes called the country's first groundscraper.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merchandise_Mart)(SFC, 10/19/20, p.C1)

1930        May 8, Gary Snyder, beat poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)
1930        May 8, The Richfield Oil Company tanker Richfield wrecked on the rocks off Point Reyes, Ca., with a cargo or 25,000 gallons of high-test gasoline.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.F3)

1930        May 10, The 1st US planetarium opened in Chicago.
    (MC, 5/10/02)
1930        May 10, Publisher Edward Stratemeyer (b.1862) died  in Newark, NJ.  He launched the Hardy Boys book series along with Nancy Drew. Leslie McFarlane wrote 26 of the Hardy Boy books. In 1999 Carole Kismaric and Marvin Heiferman published "The Mysterious Case of Nancy Drew and the Hardy Boys," a history of the series. Mildred Augustine Wirt Benson wrote the 1st 23 Nancy Drew books.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Stratemeyer)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.5)

1930        May 11, Stanley Elkin, author (George Mills), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (HN, 5/11/02)(MC, 5/11/02)

1930        May 12, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures).
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1930        May 13, A farmer was killed in a hailstorm near Lubbock, Texas. His death became the only US death officially attributed to hail.
    (SFC, 5/13/09, p.D8)
1930        May 13, Fridtjof Nansen (68), Norwegian Arctic explorer (1893-1896), died in Oslo.
    (ON, 7/05, p.5)

1930        May 15, Jasper Johns, Jr., painter, leader of the Pop Art movement, was born in Augusta, Ga. He grew up in South Carolina.
    (www.artsy.net/artist/jasper-johns)(SFC, 3/8/07, p.E3)
1930        May 15, Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air Transport, a forerunner of United Airlines.
    (HN, 5/15/98)(AP, 5/15/07)

1930        May 17, Herbert Croly (b.1869), American liberal political author, died. His books included “The Promise of American Life" (1909).
    (WSJ, 1/4/08, p.W5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Croly)

1930        May 18, Joao Marcellino Arroyo (68), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1930        May 20, University of California dedicated $1,500 to research on the prevention and cure of athlete's foot.
    (MC, 5/20/02)
1930        May 20, The first airplane, piloted by Charles Nicholson, was catapulted from a dirigible.
    (HN, 5/20/98)(MC, 5/20/02)

1930        May 24, Amy Johnson became the first woman to fly from England to Australia.
    (HN, 5/24/98)

1930        May 26, US Supreme Court ruled that buying liquor does not violate the Constitution.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1930        May 27, Richard Drew invented masking tape.
    (MC, 5/27/02)

1930        May 31, Clint Eastwood, actor and director, was born was born in SF and went to high school in Oakland. He became famous for his "Dirty Harry" films and "Spaghetti Westerns." A biography: "Clint Eastwood," by Richard Schickel was published in 1996 and made into a TV documentary in 1997.
    (SFC,10/31/97, p.C7)(HN, 5/31/98)(HN, 5/31/99)

1930        Jun 2, Charles Conrad (d.1999), astronaut, was born in Philadelphia. He walked on the moon during the Apollo XII mission in 1969.
    (SFC, 7/9/99, p.A6)
1930        Jun 2, Sarah Dickson became the 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US in Cincinnati.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1930        Jun 6, A Chronicle-Universal talkie newsreel was shown at the Marion Davies and Embassy Theaters as well as motion-picture houses throughout Northern California and Nevada.
    (SFC, 6/3/05, p.F6)
1930        Jun 6, Frozen foods were sold commercially for the first time.
    (HN, 6/6/98)

1930        Jun 7, NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in "Negro."
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1930        Jun 11, William Beebe, of the New York Zoological Society, in a diving chamber called a bathysphere, dived to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1930        Jun 17, Pres. Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill, placing the highest tariff on imports to the U.S. It was sponsored by Willis Hawley, a congressman from Oregon, and Reed Smoot, a senator from Utah. An international trade war began with the US passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act. Foreign countries retaliated. Many economists blame Smoot-Hawley for deepening the depression. It reflected the "Protectionism" of the times.
    (WSJ, 7/1/96, p.A11)(HN, 6/17/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R50)(WSJ, 2/3/04, p.A12)

1930        Jun 22, A son was born to Charles and Anne Murrow Lindbergh.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1930        Jun 23, The US Coast Guard Cutter Tingard captured the trawler “5048" also known as the Dora, and confiscated 400 cases of imported whiskey in Drake’s Bay, Marin, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/17/05, p.F5)

1930        Jun 24, Claude Chabrol, French film director (The Cousins, Madame Bovary), was born.
    (HN, 6/24/01)
1930        Jun 24, The 1st radar detection of planes was made at Anacostia, DC.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1930        Jun 27, H. Ross Perot, Texas billionaire, was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1930        Jun 27, P. Parchomenko discovered asteroid #1166, Sakuntala.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1930        Jun 29, Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist, was born.
    (HN, 6/29/01)

1930        Jun 30, France pulled its troops out of Germany’s Rhineland.
    (HN, 6/30/98)
1930        Jun 30, Lithuania held its 3rd national Song Festival with 200 choirs and 9000 singers to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Vytautas the Great.

1930        Jul 2, Carlos Menem, president of Argentina (1989-1999), was born. He had Muslim ancestry and ties to the Syrian-Lebanese community.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A6)

1930        Jul 3, Carlos Kleiber (d.2004), conductor (Bavarian State Orchestra), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (SFC, 7/19/04, p.B6)
1930        Jul 3, Congress created the U.S. Veterans Administration. [see Jul 21]
    (AP, 7/3/97)

1930        Jul 4, George Steinbrenner, (George Michael Steinbrenner, III) businessman and baseball executive, was born in Rocky River, Ohio. He became the principal owner of the New York Yankees baseball team (1973-90); ordered by the Commissioner of Baseball to give up active management of the Yankee franchise for alleged association with gamblers; he is now back in control; known for firing one Yankee manager after another.
    (IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1930        Jul 7, Construction began on Boulder Dam on the Colorado River. It is now known as Hoover Dam. Paul Wattis was an executive with Utah Construction and Mining, a family business that built the Boulder Dam. Bechtel was one of 6 companies that built the dam. Some 5,000 workers built the project.
    (AP, 7/7/97)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.C13)(SFC, 1/16/98, p.E2)(SFEC, 5/10/98, DB p.64)
1930        Jul 7, Arthur Conan Doyle (b.1859), British novelist, died. His work included 4 Sherlock Holmes mystery novels and 56 short stories about Holmes. Doyle was an eye doctor. In 1999 Daniel Stashower published "Teller of Tales: The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle." In 2007 Andrew Lycett authored “Conan Doyle: The Man who Created Sherlock Holmes."
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, Par p.12)(www.sherlockian.net/acd/)(ON, 3/06, p.12)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.98)

1930        Jul 13, David Sarnoff reported in NY Times that "TV would be a theater in every home."
    (MC, 7/13/02)

1930        Jul 17, A natural gas explosion in the Mitchell ravine tunnel of the Hetch Hetchy water project in California killed 12 men. 35 other workers quit charging that carelessness and lack of equipment was responsible for the tragedy.
    (SFC, 7/15/05, p.F6)

1930        Jul 18, American Sugar Refining Company, American Tobacco B, Atlantic Refining, General Railway Signal, Goodrich, Nash Motors and Curtiss-Wright were removed as components of the Dow Jones. Borden, Eastman Kodak, Goodyear, Ligget & Myers, Standard Oil of California, United Air Transport and Hudson Motor were added to the DJIA.
    (WSJ, 4/2/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1930        Jul 21, President Herbert Hoover signed an executive order establishing the Veterans Administration.
    (AP, 7/21/07)

1930        Jul 23, Earthquake struck Ariano, Italy, and some 1,500 were killed.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1930        Jul 25, Maureen Forrester, contralto (Resurrection Symphony), was born in Montreal, Canada.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1930        Jul 27, David Hughes, English novelist (The Horsehair Sofa, The Man Who Invented Tomorrow), was born.
    (HN, 7/27/01)

1930        Jul 28, Darryl Hickman, actor (Human Comedy, Tea & Sympathy), was born in Hollywood, Cal.
    (SC, 7/28/02)
1930        Jul 28, 114° F (46° C) at Greensburg, Kentucky,  was a state record.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1930        Jul 29, Paul Taylor, choreographer and dancer, was born.
    (HN, 7/29/01)
1930        Jul 29, The US Coast Guard towed the Canadian rum-runner Ray Roberts into SF with a cargo of 1,050 cases of whiskey.
    (SFC, 7/29/05, p.F7)

1930        Jul 30, American Tobacco Class B was removed as a component of the Dow Jones.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1930        Aug 3, James Komack, writer, director, actor (Courtship of Eddie's Father), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1930        Aug 4, Michael Cullen introduced King Kullen in Queens, NYC, the 1st US supermarket.
    (SFC, 8/4/05, p.C1)
1930        Aug 4, Siegfried Wagner (61), German opera composer and son of Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1930        Aug 5, Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Ohio.
    (HN, 8/5/98)
1930        Aug 5, It was reported that Pres. Herbert Hoover had promoted Gen. Douglas MacArthur to Chief of Army staff.
    (SFC, 8/5/05, p.F4)

1930        Aug 6, In NYC state Supreme Court Judge Joseph Force Crater (b.1889) dined at a West 45th Street steakhouse with a group of friends that included a showgirl. Crater had earlier withdrawn $5,150 from a pair of bank accounts. He was last seen at 9:15 p.m., climbing into the cab. Crater had been recently appointed by Gov. Franklin Roosevelt to the NY Supreme Court. In 2004 Richard J. Tofel authored “Vanishing Point," an account of Tammany Hall and Crater’s disappearance. The 1947 film “The Judge Steps Out," starring Alexander Knox, was inspired by the case. Evidence in 2005 suggested that several men killed the judge and buried him under the Coney Island Boardwalk in Brooklyn. [see Sep 1]
    (WSJ, 9/9/04, p.D8)(www.who2.com/judgecrater.html)(http://tinyurl.com/devrl)

1930        Aug 7, In Marion, Indiana, a mob broke into a jail and beat to death 2 young black men and hung them from a tree in the courthouse square. Tommy Shipp and Abe Smith and a 3rd teenager had just been arrested for a botched robbery that left Claude Deeter, a white man, dead. James Cameron (16) was saved from hanging, even as a noose was on his neck. In 2006 Cynthia Carr authored “Our Town: A Heartland Lynching, a Haunted Town and the Hidden History of White America."
    (SSFC, 3/26/06, p.M3)
1930        Aug 7, James D. Phelan (1897-1901), former 3-time mayor of SF, died. In 1914 he was elected and served a single term in the US Senate. His unsuccessful 1920 reelection campaign used the slogan "Keep California White."
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)(SFC, 8/5/05, p.F4)

1930        Aug 9, A forerunner of the cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut in Max Fleischer’s animated short "Dizzy Dishes."
    (AP, 8/9/00)

1930        Aug 13, Captain Frank M. Hawks, superintendent of the Aviation Division of Texaco, flew a red-and-white Travel Air monoplane from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes and 3 seconds. According to Hawks’ own widely publicized account, the Travel Air performed flawlessly, with an average airspeed of 215 mph. Hawks made three 15-minute refueling stops during the 2,510-mile journey. He battled a rainstorm, crosswinds, hunger and a thick haze that made "the ground barely visible at 8,000 feet," but reached New York City in time for dinner.
    (HNPD, 8/20/98)

1930        Aug 16, Ted Hughes, English poet, was born.
    (HN, 8/16/00)
1930        Aug 16, Rafael Leonidas Trujillo (b.1891), an American-trained National Guard general, began ruling as dictator of the Dominican Republic and continued to 1961, when he was assassinated.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Trujillo)

1930        Aug 17, The Matson liner Ventura rescued all 317 passengers and crew of the liner Tahiti, which had burst a bulkhead 2 days earlier. The Tahiti was abandoned in the South Pacific.
    (SFC, 8/12/05, p.F3)

1930        Aug 18, Eastern Airlines began passenger service.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1930        Aug 21, Princess Margaret Rose (d.2002), sister to Elizabeth, was born to King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Glamis Castle, Scotland.
    (WSJ, 8/10/00, p.A16)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A12)

1930        Aug 25, Sean Connery, Scottish actor famous for playing the character James Bond in the Ian Flemming movie series, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Connery is well noted actor as James Bond in many of the Bond movies.  He has acted in more serious film roles since retiring from the 007 series which won him great accolades including an Oscar (Academy Award-winning actor: The  Untouchables [1987]; The Rock, First Knight, The Hunt  for Red October, Highlander, Rising Sun, Outland, The  Longest Day; "Bond. James Bond.": Dr. No, From Russia with  Love, Goldfinger, Thunderball, You Only Live Twice, Diamonds  are Forever)
    (HN, 8/25/98)(MC, 8/25/02)
1930        Aug 25, Max Baer (1909-1959) knocked out Frankie Campbell in the 5th round of a boxing match in San Francisco. Campbell died and Baer was jailed, but then cleared by a grand jury. 
    (SFC, 8/25/05, p.B1)
1930        Aug 25, Siegfried Wagner (61), conductor, composer, son of Richard Wagner, died.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1930        Aug 26, Lon Chaney (47), actor (Thunder, Big City, Unholy 3), died.
    (MC, 8/26/02)

1930        Aug 28, Ben Gazzara, U.S. actor, was born. On stage he appeared in "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof'' and was best known for his roles in the films "Anatomy of a Murder'' and "Husbands.''
    (RTH, 8/28/99)

1930        Sep 1, NY World reported the disappearance of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Crater. He was last seen leaving a restaurant on August 6, 1930 and entering a taxi. Crater was officially declared dead “in abstentia" in 1939, and his case, Missing Persons File No 13595, was officially closed in 1979.

1930        Sep 2, The first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to the US was completed as Captain Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte of France arrived in Valley Stream, New York, aboard a Breguet biplane. The plane was known as "The Question Mark" because it bore a large question mark, instead of a name, on each side.
    (AP, 9/2/08)

1930        Sep 3, In the Dominican Republic a hurricane killed 2,000 and injured 4,000.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1930        Sep 6, In Argentina a military coup took place. It involved the overthrow of the government of Hipolito Yrigoyen by forces loyal to General Jose Felix Uriburu.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.20)

1930        Sep 7, Sonny Rollins, saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 9/7/00)

1930        Sep 8, Cartoonist Murat "Chic" Young (d.1973) introduced the cartoon strip "Blondie." In 2005 it was written seven days a week by his son, Dean, who took over when his father died, and artist Denis Lebrun.
    (AP, 9/8/99)(AP, 7/17/05)
1930        Sep 8, NYC public schools began teaching Hebrew.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1930        Sep 8, Richard Drew created Scotch tape.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1930        Sep 11, The Stromboli volcano off Sicily threw 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles.

1930        Sep 14, Allan Bloom, writer, was born. His work included "The Closing of the American Mind."
    (HN, 9/14/00)
1930        Sep 14, Nazis took 107 seats in German elections.

1930        Sep 17, The Daily Illustrated Times of Chicago said that warrants had been issued for the arrest of 26 men named as public enemies. They included Alphonse “Scarface" Capone, Tony “Mops" Volpe, “Machine Gun Jack" McGurn, George “Bugs" Moran, Edward “Spike" O’Donnell, William “Klondike" O’Donnell, George “Red" Barker, and William “Three-fingers" White.
    (SFC, 9/16/05, p.F6)

1930        Sep 21, Johann Ostermeyer patented the flashbulb.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1930        Sep 23, Ray Charles (d.2004), rhythm ‘n’ blues piano player and singer best known for "Hit the Road Jack" and "Georgia on My Mind" was born in Albany, Georgia. Stuart Gorrell wrote the lyrics for the hit song "Georgia on My Mind" in 1930 with music by Hoagy Carmichael. It was declared the state song of Georgia on April 24, 1979.
    (HN, 9/23/98)(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.W8)(www.promotega.org/vsu00011/georgia_book.htm)

1930        Sep 24, G. Kaufman & M. Hart's "Once in a Lifetime," premiered in NY.
    (MC, 9/24/01)
1930        Sep 24, Noel Coward's comedy "Private Lives" opened in London starring Gertrude Lawrence and Coward himself.
    (HN, 9/24/00)

1930        Sep 26, Fritz Wunderlich, tenor (Stuttgart 1955-58), was born in Kusel, Germany.
    (MC, 9/26/01)

1930        Sep 27, Igor Kipnis, harpsichordist and professor (Fairfield), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1930        Sep 28, Lou Gehrig's errorless streak ended at 885 consecutive games.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1930        Sep 29, Ilya Repin (b.1944), Ukrainian born Russian artist and sculptor, died.

1930        Sep 30, "Death Valley Days" became one of radio's biggest hits.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1930        Oct 1, Philippe Noiret, actor (Soleil, Les Milles, Il Postino), was born in Lille, France.
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1930        Oct 4, In Bulgaria King Boris Cobourgh-Gotha III married Giovanna of Savoy, the daughter of Vittorio Emanuele, the former king. Queen Joanna died in 2000 at age 92.
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A19)

1930        Oct 8, Paul Hogan, Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee, Lightning Jack), was born.
    (MC, 10/8/01)
1930        Oct 8, The Philadelphia Athletes defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 7-1 to win the World Series.

1930        Oct 9, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field in New York to Glendale, Calif.
    (AP, 10/9/97)

1930        Oct 10, Harold Pinter, British playwright (Homecoming, Servant), was born.
    (HN, 10/10/98)(MC, 10/10/01)

1930        Oct 13, Shafik Handal, later head of the Salvadoran left, was born to immigrant Palestinian parents from Bethlehem in the city of Usulutan, El Salvador.
    (AP, 1/24/06)
1930        Oct 13, New German Reichstag opened with 107 Nazi Party members in uniform.
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1930        Oct 14, Robert Parker, US saxophonist  and soul singer (Barefootin'), was born.
    (MC, 10/14/01)
1930        Oct 14, Singer Ethel Merman stuns the audience when she held a high C for sixteen bars while singing "I Got Rhythm" during her Broadway debut in Gershwin's Girl Crazy.
    (HN, 10/14/00)

1930        Oct 16, Dan Pagis, Romanian-born Israeli poet, was born.
    (HN, 10/16/00)

1930        Oct 17, Jimmy Breslin, columnist and novelist (NY Post, News, Newsday), was born in Queens, NYC.
    (HN, 10/17/00)(MC, 10/17/01)

1930        Oct 20, A British White Paper restricted Jews from buying Arab land.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1930        Oct 22, The 1st concert of BBC Symphony Orchestra was led by Adrian Boult.
    (MC, 10/22/01)

1930        Oct 31, Michael Collins, U.S. astronaut, was born.
    (HN, 10/31/98)

1930        Nov 1, Albert Ramsdell Gurney, American playwright, was born. His work included "Love Letters" and "The Dining Room."
    (HN, 11/1/00)

1930        Nov 2, Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia. His coronation was taken as a sign by Jamaicans, who became known as Rastafarians, from the term Ras Tafari, a title held by Selassie. Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty.
    (AP, 11/2/97)(SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)(http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Haile_Selassie)

1930        Nov 3, Getulio Vargas (1883-1954) seized power in Brazil on the grounds of election fraud. He soon put a moratorium on pension payments. From 1930-1934, he was provisional president and dictator. From 1934-1937, he was congressionally elected president. From 1937-1945, he was dictator with the backing of the revolutionary coalition. From 1951 to 1954, he was popularly elected president.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)(http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=428)

1930        Nov 4, In SF George Christopher defeated Democrat George Reilly for mayor and went on to serve 2 terms. Voters also approved a $35 million bond issue to build the Golden Gate Bridge.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.A19)(SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930        Nov 4, New York reelected Gov. Franklin Delano Roosevelt by a landslide.
    (ON, 12/07, p.2)(www.presidentialtimeline.org/html/timeline.php?id=32)

1930        Nov 5, A 2nd Academy Awards banquet was held in Los Angeles at the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in the Ambassador Hotel. The awards were given for movies made between 1 August 1929 and 31 July 1930.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.D5)(www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Academy_Awards_USA/1930-2)
1930        Nov 5, Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951) became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature for his 1922 novel "Babbit."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1930)(HNQ, 5/18/98)

1930        Nov 7, Stock prices fell to new lows on the SF Stock Exchange.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930        Nov 7, In California a band of 6 gunmen, using machine guns and dynamite, stopped an eastbound train in Alameda County and escaped with $60,000 from a mail car.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)

1930        Nov 10, Some 600 men were put to work on 10 public projects in SF. They were to work 3 days a week for a month at $5 per day to relieve unemployment.
    (SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)

1930        Nov 13, In California the Fresno Bee reported that Al Capone, Chicago gangland leader, had banned the sale of grape juice concentrates in Chicago. The order was said to be a warning to California grape farmers that they need his approval to sell their products in certain markets.
    (SFC, 11/11/05, p.F7)   

1930        Nov 14, Edward H White II, San Antonio Texas, Lt Col USAF, astronaut (Gemini 4), was born.
    (MC, 11/14/01)
1930        Nov 14, Right-wing militarists attempted to assassinate Japanese Premier Hamagushi.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1930        Nov 15, Madrid was paralyzed by general strikes and riots.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1930        Nov 16, Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist and poet, was born.

1930        Nov 17, Musical "Sweet & Low" with Fanny Brice premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

1930        Nov 18, The musical "Smiles" with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1930        Nov 19, Bob Mathias, decathlon athlete (Olympics-gold-48), was born in Tulare, Calif.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1930        Nov 21, In Indonesia lava began flowing as the Mount Merapi volcano erupted. 13 villages were destroyed and some 1369 people were killed by pyroclastic flows.

1930        Nov 22, Peter Hall, British stage, film and opera director (Pedestrian), was born.
    (MC, 11/22/01)
1930        Nov 22, Elijah Muhammad formed the Nation of Islam in Detroit.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1930        Nov 25, Earthquake killed 187 in Shizouka, Japan.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1930        Nov 28, Howard Hanson's 2nd Symphony "Romantic," premiered.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1930        Nov 30, George Gordon Liddy, head CIA, Watergate felon, radio host, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1930        Nov, Alfred Wegener (50), German scientist and main proponent of the continental drift theory, was killed while on an expedition in Greenland.
    (DD-EVTT, p.190)(ON, 9/04, p.9)

1930        Dec 3, Andy Williams, singer (Moon River, Andy Williams Show), was born in Wall Lake, Iowa.
    (MC, 12/3/01)

1930        Dec 4, Vatican approved the rhythm method for birth control.
    (MC, 12/4/01)

1930        Dec 8, Maximilian Schell, Austrian actor and director (Odessa File, Julia), was born.
    (MC, 12/8/01)
1930        Dec 8, Cole Porter's musical "NYCers," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/8/01)
1930        Dec 8, In San Francisco Rosetta Baker, a wealthy widow with a taste for younger men, was found strangled in her California St. apartment. Liu Fook, her butler (63) and a secret opium addict, was suspected but found innocent at trial.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.D3)(SFC, 2/17/09, p.A11)

1930        Dec 9, Buck Henry, screenwriter and comedian (SNL, Get Smart), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 12/9/01)

1930         Dec 10, Lady aviator Ruth Nichols set a new women's record for coast to coast flight, traveling from Los Angeles to New York in 13 hours 22 minutes.
    (NY Times, 11/12/1930, p.1)

1930        Dec 11, As the economic crises grew, the Bank of the U.S. closed its doors.
    (HN, 12/11/98)

1930        Dec 12, Last Allied troops left the Saar.
    (HN, 12/12/98)
1930        Dec 12, Revolution began in Spain as rebels took a border town.
    (HN, 12/12/98)

1930        Dec 16, In Spain, a general strike was called in support of the revolution.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1930        Dec 20, Thousands of Spaniards signed a revolutionary manifesto.
    (HN, 12/20/98)

1930        Dec 24, Eduard David (67), German minister (constitution of Weimar), died.
    (MC, 12/24/01)

1930        Dec 25, Theodor Noldeke (b.1836), German professor, died in Karlsruhe, Germany. He is generally recognized as the father of Western Qur'anic criticism. In 1857 a Paris academy offered a prize for the best critical history of the Quran and Noldeke won.
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.A6)(http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/summary_0199-1544012_ITM)

1930        Dec 29, Fred P. Newton completed the longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1930        Dec 30, In Russia the Industrial Party trial came to a conclusion. The tribunal accused a group of Soviet engineers and economists of forming the “Industrial Party," which in collusion with France had supposedly plotted against the Bolshevik government. The entire case was fabricated.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Party_Trial)(Econ, 7/27/19, p.72)

1930        Dec 31, Odetta, [Holmes], folk singer (Sanctuary), was born in Birmingham, Ala.
    (MC, 12/31/01)
1930        Dec 31, Pontifical encyclical Casti connubial was against mixed marriages.
    (MC, 12/31/01)
1930        Dec 31, US tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in this year.
    (MC, 12/31/01)
1930        Dec 31, Brewery heir Adolphus Busch was kidnapped.
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1930        Stephen Sondheim, composer and lyricist, was born. In 1998 Meryle Secrest published "Stephen Sondheim: A Life."
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1,6)

1930        Jasper Johns, artist, was born. He is credited with being the originator of pop art.
    (SFC, 10/29/96, p.F1)(SFEC, 12/1/96, BR p.4)

1930        George Soros, billionaire, was born in Budapest. In 1996 he set up a $50 million fund to help Bosnia and created Project on Death in America to improve the awareness and care of the terminally ill.
    (SFC, 10/1/96, p.A1)

1930        John Steuart Curry, American artist, painted "Hogs Killing a Snake (Hogs Killing a Rattlesnake)."
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.E1)

1930        Edward Hopper painted "Early Sunday Morning."
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)

1930        Georgia O’Keeffe painted "White Rose, New Mexico."
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T7)

1930        Piet Mondrian painted his "Composition No. 1; Composition 1A."
    (WSJ, 2/14/96, p.A-1)

1930        Picasso painted "Seated Bather," a picture of his wife seated on the beach like a kind of sea monster.
    (WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-13)

1930        Gino Severini, Italian artist, published Fleurs et Masques in London.
    (SFEM, 2/1/98, p.6)

1930        Tchelichew, a Russian artist, painted a pastel of a beautiful, muscular dancer. For years it was kept by writer Julien Green in Paris.
    (SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.2)

1930        Adolf Wolfli (66), Swiss outsider artist, died. He had been consigned to the Bern psychiatric hospital from age 30 to his death. He created thousands of drawings and 45 large illustrated books. Elka Spoerri (d.2002 at 77), art historian, deciphered and transcribed much of his work.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A19)

1930        Grant Wood, American painter, completed his "American Gothic." His sister and a Cedar Rapids, Iowa dentist were his models. It is at the Art Institute of Chicago. Wood’s biography, "Artist in Overalls: The Life of Grant Wood" by John Duggleby, was published in 1996. He also painted "Dinner for Threshers" now at the de Young Museum in SF.
    (T&L, 10/80, p. 58)(SFC, 6/9/96, DB p.11)(WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A20)

1930        Mildred Augustine Wirt Benson (1906-2002), newspaperwoman, authored "The Secret of the Old Clock," the 1st Nancy Drew children’s mystery. She wrote under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A13)(SFC, 6/1/02, p.A11)

c1930        Winston Churchill authored his autobiography "My Early Life."
    (WSJ, 12/29/99, p.A12)

1930        Mary Ware Dennett wrote: "The Sex Side of Life: An Explanation for Young People." It was found on appeal not to be obscene under the 1873 Comstock Act.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A20)(SFEM, 6/28/98, p.39)

1930        Albert Einstein wrote "Religion and Science."
    (WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A22)

1930         Freud published his "Civilization and Its Discontents." Here he developed his ideas of 1915 and added that men are: "on the contrary, creatures among whose instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of aggressiveness. Homo homini lupus (Man is a wolf to man).

1930        English economist John Maynard Keynes authored “Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren." He predicted that growing wealth would bring ever more leisure.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.48)

1930        Vladimir Nabakov (1899-1977), Russian writer, authored “The Defence," his 3rd novel, written during his emigration to Berlin.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Nabokov)

1930        Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966), English writer, authored his novel “Vile Bodies."
    (WSJ, 1/10/09, p.W8)

1930        Ales Hrdlicka published his "Skeletal Remains of Early Man." It is still the fullest and most detailed descriptive, historical account that has been written on the subject.
     (DD-EVTT, p.139)

c1930        "The Secret Museum of Mankind," a pastiche of world exotica from postcards and doctored National Geographic photographs was published.
    (NH, 6/97, p.65)

1930        Dawn Powell wrote her novel "Dance Night."
    (WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A24)

1930        The first "Savoy Cocktail Book" was published. It was called the Holy Writ of the drinks world.
    (WSJ, 1/22/99, p.W8)

1930        Moss Hart, American playwright and librettist, wrote "Once in a Lifetime," a collaboration with George S. Kaufman. It was called the mother of all Hollywood satires.
    (WUD, 1994, p.648)(SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.11)(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.A16)

1930        The first cartoon with sound featured Felix the Cat.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1 p.2)
1930        “Sinkin’ in the Bathtub." the first cartoon in the Looney Tunes series, debuted.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)

1930        Film director Raoul Walsh changed the name of actor Marion Robert Morrison  (1907-1979) to John Wayne, after colonial general “Mad Anthony" Wayne.
    (AH, 6/07, p.13)(www.johnwayne.com/)

1930        "La Dolorosa," a zarzuela or Spanish type of operetta, was written. It was performed in 1996 at the new Jarvis Conservatory in Napa, California.
    (WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)

1930        The opera "Transatlantic" by George Antheil had its premiere in Frankfurt 10 months after Kurt Weill’s "Mahagonny."
    (WSJ, 4/23/98, p.A16)

1930        Don Azpiazu, Cuban musician, recorded "El Manicero," (The Peanut Vendor).
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, DB p.37)

1930        Aaron Copland composed his "Piano Variations."
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A20)

1930        Richard Strauss recomposed Mozart’s opera "Idomeneo."
    (WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A16)

1930        John O. Williams (1905-1996), jazz saxophonist and composer, wrote "Froggy Bottom." It was used in the 1996 score for the film "Kansas City."
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.D2)

1930        Boosey & Hawkes, a music publisher, was founded with the merger of two well-established English family businesses - Boosey & Company and Hawkes & Son. In 2007 Helen Wallace authored “Boosey & Hawkes: The Publishing Story."
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.106)(www.maxopus.com/publish/boosey.htm)

1930        In San Francisco the 3-storey Roosevelt Middle School, designed by Miller & Pflueger in the Dutch Expressionist style, was built at  460 Arguello.
    (SSFC, 5/10/09, p.B2)
1930        In San Francisco a 28-storey tower, designed by Miller and Pflueger and Lewis Hobart, was built at 100 McAllister St. It opened as a hotel atop a church. The federal government used it for offices during WWII. As of 2009 it contained apartments for UC Hastings Law College.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, p.B2)
1930        The 29-storey Shell Oil Building was constructed in 300 days at the Bush, Battery and Market St. corner in San Francisco.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.4)
1930        In San Francisco the 19-storey Cathedral Apartments, a residential tower designed by Weeks and Day, was built at 1201 California St.
    (SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C2)
1930        In San Francisco the 6-storey building at 130 Montgomery St. was completed. The Art Moderne style was by architects O’Brien Bros. and Wilbur Peugh.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, p.C4)
1930        In Oakland, Ca., the Ninth Avenue Terminal building was built. It was doubled in size to 180,000-square-feet in 1951.
    (SFC, 3/16/07, p.B5)

1930        The world’s first international automobile tunnel connecting Detroit and Windsor, Canada, was constructed.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1930        The Fashion Group Int’l. was founded to help women advance as executives in the fashion industry. In 1997 the organization was opened to men.
    (WSJ, 1/28/97, p.A1)

1930        The Reinisch Rose Garden was built in Topeka, Kansas. It is one of the largest municipally owned Rose Gardens in the US with 18,000 rose bushes and 100 different varieties.
    (Dunlap Postcard, Omaha Ne., 1965)

1930        Cardinal Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621) was canonized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. It was he who denied Galileo’s astronomical observations and mathematical proofs concerning the earth's rotation around the sun.

1930        The Legion of Decency, under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Church, threatened to boycott the movie industry if moral standards were not imposed. This led to the Motion Picture Production Code of 1930, but enforcement only began in 1934. The code led to the end of the film career of William Haines, a gay actor, who refused to comply. His story is told in the 1998 book: "Wisecracker: The Life and Times of William Haines, Hollywood’s First Openly Gay Star" by William J. Mann.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.4,8)(AH, 2/05, p.47)

1930        Writers Lillian Hellman and Dashiel Hammett met in Hollywood. Their story is told by Joan Mellon in her book "Hellman and Hammett."
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.1,7)

1930        The World Calendar association proposed a new calendar. It was suggested that one day per year and two days in leap year be of no month and no week and be placed half way and full way in the year. Also the months would be in triads of 31-30-30 days.

1930        The Kellogg Foundation was established. In 1997 it held $6 billion in assets.
    (WSJ, 1/27/97, p.A1)

1930        In New Jersey the Institute for Advanced Study was founded in Princeton to promote research and scholarship across many fields.
    (Wired, 2/98, p.176)

1930        In Virginia the Mariner’s Museum opened in Newport News.
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A20)

1930        James A. Dewar created "Twinkies" when he used little baking pans with sponge cake and filled them with cream.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.B3)

1930        The USGA established standards for the golf ball that included size, weight, initial velocity, driver distance and symmetry.
    (SFEC, 6/14/98, p.A12)

1930        A minor league baseball game was played at night under lights for the first time.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)

1930        Babe Ruth signed a Baseball contract for $80,000.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.105)
1930        George Herman "Babe" Ruth‘s response when a reporter noted that his salary demand for the 1930 baseball season was more than President Hoover‘s salary of $75,000 was "I know, but I had a better year than Hoover." Ruth‘s salary in 1930 was a record for a professional baseball player, $80,000 a year. Ruth, whose 1927 season record of 60 homeruns stood until broken by Roger Maris in 1961 and whose all-time homerun record of 714 stood until broken by Henry Aaron in 1974, had a lifetime batting average of .342. Regarded as one of the game‘s greatest players, the legendary Ruth was born in Baltimore in 1895. By the age of 20 he was the top pitcher for the professional Boston Red Sox but, because of his outstanding hitting ability, he was transformed into an outfielder so he could play every day. Sold to the New York Yankees in 1920, Ruth‘s hitting heroics drew huge crowds and Yankee Stadium, which opened in 1923, is still known as the "House That Ruth Built." Ruth left the Yankees in 1935 for the Boston Braves, retiring shortly thereafter.  He died in 1948.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.105)(HNPD, 5/1/00)

1930        Russell Aubrey "Lena" Blackburne, a coach for the Philadelphia Athletics, discovered that ebb-tide mud from a tributary of the Delaware River near Palmyra, NJ, provided a good coating for new baseballs making them easier to grip.
    (WSJ, 6/12/00, p.A1)

1930        Harlow P. Rothert (d.1997 at 89), a 3-letter Stanford Univ. student, broke the world shot-put record.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)

1930        The US government and a private charity began a program in Macon Ct., Alabama, to test and treat sharecroppers for syphilis. The program turned into a medical experiment [1932-1972] when funds grew tight and developed into a long term study under various government agencies and Tuskegee Inst. Patients, 399 black men, under the study were denied real treatment even after the wide availability of penicillin in the 1947. The story was leaked in 1972 and survivors brought suit against the government and settled out of court in 1975. The book "Bad Blood" by James H. Jones told the story. The play "Miss Evers’ Boys" by Dr. David Feldshuh was based on the events. In 1997 Pres. Clinton spoke an apology.
    (WSJ, 2/24/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A1)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A4)

1930        The largest epidemic of psittacosis (derived from the Greek word for parrot), a bacterial disease in birds, occurred and affected 750-800 individuals. This epidemic led to the isolation of C psittaci in several laboratories in Europe and the US. An outbreak of psittacosis in the 1900s led to a parrot ban in the US that lasted 60 years.
    (www.emedicine.com/med/topic1951.htm)(SFC, 10/1/05, p.F1)

1930        US Congress passed the first federal wilderness preservation law and set aside over 1 million acres in northern Minnesota as the Superior Primitive Area.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)

1930        The US Veteran’s Administration was set up to care for those who had served in the first world war.
    (Econ, 3/18/17, p.23)

1930        The US census categorized the population as "White, Negro, Chinese, Japanese, Indian and Mexican."
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A21)

1930        Over 1,300 banks failed in the US this year.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, pen 2)

1930        Adam Goettl invented the air cooler. The Goettl brothers began their adventure in 1926 in Mansfield, Ohio. Several years later, the brothers Adam, John, and Bill moved out west to Phoenix, Arizona, to seek opportunities during the Great Depression. Hence, the Phoenix-based Goettl Air Conditioning was founded and went on to become an internationally known pioneer in the mass production of evaporative coolers and a variety of other innovations in heating and cooling  technology.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)(/www.goettlshdm.com/history.html)

1930        In San Francisco the Independent Order of Foresters built a 3-storey Art Deco building, designed by Harold Stoner, at 170 Valencia. In the 1970s it was converted to a Baha’i temple.
    (SSFC, 9/7/14, p.C2)
1930        The SF Bank of Italy became the Bank of America. A.P. Giannini consolidated his banking holdings into the Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association under Transamerica’s control.
    (SFC, 1/3/98, p.A19)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1930        In San Francisco the neoclassical bulkhead structure at Pier 15 was constructed. In 2013 the pier was reborn as the new $205-million Exploratorium science museum with a 66-year lease.
    (SSFC, 7/10/16, p.A12)
1930        In Oakland, Ca. the Leona Heights Sulfur Mine ended operations. It had begun operating around 1900 to mine pyrite in the Oakland Hills for conversion to sulfuric acid in Richmond. Rainwater later leached sulfur from the rocks and contaminated Leona Creek, which fed into SF Bay.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A9)
1930        The northern California Mount Tamalpais and Muir Woods railroad was abandoned.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A17)
1930        The Yosemite Park Service began to build a small village in the valley for Yosemite Indians.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, Z1 p.4)

1930        In Kansas John Brinkley (1885-1942) reacted to losing his medical and broadcast licenses by launching a bid to become state governor, a political position that would enable him to appoint his own members to the medical board and thus regain his right to practice medicine in the state.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_R._Brinkley)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.40)

c1930        Turtle farming began in Louisiana during the Depression when people were looking for new ways to help make ends meet.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.B1)

1930        New Mexico’s Carlsbad Caverns became a national park. Jim White, one of the 1st white settlers to venture into the caves (1898), helped turn them into a national park.
    (SSFC, 6/20/04, p.D5)

1930        In Philadelphia, Pa., Pat’s King of Steak’s opened at Ninth and Passyunk Ave. They helped make famous the Philadelphia cheese steak sandwich.
    (SSFC, 9/17/06, p.G5)

1930        Dad Joiner discovered a huge East Texas oil field.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-9)

1930        Ocean Spray was founded by 3 cranberry growers. In 1963 it launched its juices.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.123)

1930        Pioneer aviator Errol Boyd flew to London, becoming the first pilot to cross the North Atlantic outside the summer season. Erroll Boyd, born in Toronto in 1891, flew for the first time in 1912 as a passenger with American barnstormer Lincoln Beachey. Boyd enjoyed the experience so much that he decided on a career in aviation. Taught by aviator John Alcock during World War I, Boyd went on to a variety of jobs after the war including songwriting and managing a car rental business. However, Charles Lindbergh’s successful solo flight across the Atlantic in May 1927 inspired Boyd to return to flying as a career.
    (HNQ, 12/14/00)

1930        Thomas Midgely, Jr., General Motors Research chemist, invented CFC 11 and CFC 12. These chlorofluorocarbons were extremely effective as refrigerants, spray-can propellants, and foam-blowing agents. It was only later discovered that they behaved as very inert green-house gases, and contributed to ozone depletion. He was also the inventor of the anti-knock agent tetraethyl lead.
    (NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.45)

1930        Eastman Kodak founded a plant to process cattle bones to maintain control over gel-making for use in film.
    (WSJ, 1/18/98, p.A1)

1930        Herman G. Fisher (1898-1975) and Irving L. Price co-founded the Fisher-Price toy company in East Aurora, NY. Quaker Oats Company acquired the firm in 1969. Mattel Inc. acquired Fisher-Price in 1993.
    (www.hbs.edu/leadership/database/leaders/274/)(WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A8)

1930        Sir Frank Whittle, British engineer, first patented the idea of a jet engine.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A20)

1930        Otto Warburg (1883-1970), German physiologist and medical doctor, discovered that cancer cells often rely on glycolysis. This came to be called the Warburg effect.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Heinrich_Warburg)

1930        Earnest O. Lawrence built the first successful model of the cyclotron.
    (NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 637)

1930        A computer study in 2000 suggested that the AIDS virus was introduced to the human population from chimp and monkey variants about this time.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.A19)(SFC, 1/15/01, p.A11)

1930         In the US, the population numbered 123 million.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1930)

1930        A third of federal prison inmates were liquor offenders.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A28)

1930        Wallace H. Carothers, a research chemist for Du Pont, invented nylon. He later committed suicide before the nylon name was coined. Steven Fenichell later authored "Plastic," a history of the material.
    (WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(SFEC, 6/25/00, Z1 p.2)

1930        Dr. Thomas Midgley, Jr. (1889-1944), employed by General Motors, discovered dichlorodifluoromethane, a chlorinated fluorocarbon (CFC), that he named Freon. It proved ideal as a refrigerant and opened the way for smaller and less expensive air conditioning units.
    (ON, 8/07, p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Midgley)

1930        Scotch tape was invented.
    (SFC, 7/14/99, p.7)

1930        D.H. Lawrence died in the south of France of tuberculosis.
    (WSJ, 5/15/95, p. A-16)

1930        Lorna Moon, screenwriter and author of the novel "Dark Star," died. The book was made into the film "Min and Bill" that starred Marie Dressler and Wallace Beery. It was later revealed that Moon was the mother of C.B. DeMille’s adopted son Richard, fathered by DeMille’s brother William.
    (TVM, 1975, p.376)(SFEC, 4/12/98, BR p.4)

1930        James D. Phelan, former mayor of San Francisco (1897-1901), died. In 1914 he was elected and served a single term in the US Senate. His unsuccessful 1920 campaign used the slogan "Keep California white.’
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)

1930        Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian physicist, proposed the neutrino to account for energy that appeared to go missing in a type of radioactivity known  beta decay. In 1956 Americans Frederick Reines and Clyde Cowan proved their existence.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.71)

1930        J.B. Priestley (1894-1984), English novelist and playwright, authored his novel “Angel Pavement."
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
1930        British detergent maker Lever Bros. merged with Margarine Unie of the Netherlands to form Unilever. William Hulme Lever (1888-1949), 2nd Viscount Leverhulme, co-founded Unilever. Lever brothers had operated from the Belgian Congo from 1911.
    (www.ubffoodsolutions.com/company/history)(Econ, 6/30/12, p.20)
1930        Rev. William A. Spooner (b.1844), Oxford professor, died. His transposition of sounds led to the term "spoonerism."
    (SFC, 1/25/00, p.A22)

1930        In China Mao Zedong’s 2nd wife was executed by the Nationalists for refusing to renounce Mao.
    (Econ, 9/10/16, p.37)

1930        In Czechoslovakia Villa Tugendhat, a Modernist masterpiece by legendary German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was completed in Brno. It was commissioned by Grete and Fritz Tugendhats, co-owners of wool factories and part of a large German-speaking Jewish community in the city. In 2012 a two-year, $9 million renovation was completed.
    (AP, 1/31/12)

1930        Rolf de Mare, patron of the Swedish Ballet, established the Archives Internationales de la Danse in Paris, France.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.34)
1930        The French publication L’Abomination Americaine railed against the inhumanity of American life.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.75)
1930         France pulled out of the Rhineland.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1930)

1930        Hitler confidant Alfred Rosenberg authored “The Myth of the Twentieth Century," which espoused Aryan supremacy and anti-Semitic beliefs.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Myth_of_the_Twentieth_Century)(SFC, 4/2/16, p.E2)
1930        The German song "Veronika, der Lenz ist da" (Veronika, the spring is here), written by Austria-born Walter Jurmann (1903-1971), became a big hit for the Comedian Harmonists.
    (https://tinyurl.com/ubrazyt)(Economist, 4/4/20, p.40)
1930        In Germany Mies van der Rohe succeeded Hannes Meyer as director of the Bauhaus and continued to 1933 when the Nazis shut it down.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.104)
1930        In Germany Horst Wessel, a Nazi promoter living in Berlin, was killed in a street battle with Communists. He had composed the Horst Wessel Lied, which became the anthem of the Nazi Party.
    (Smith., 8/95, p.24)
1930        The Germany Stihl company, founded in 1926 by Andreas Stihl, introduced a portable gasoline chain saw.
    (WSJ, 4/3/09, p.C5)
1930        Physicists in Germany discovered the neutron. Walther Bothe and Herbert Becker described an unusual type of gamma ray produced by bombarding the metal beryllium with alpha particles. James Chadwick recognized that the properties of this radiation were more consistent with what would be expected from Ernest Rutherford's neutral particle. The subsequent experiments by which Chadwick proved the existence of the neutron earned him the 1935 Nobel Prize in physics.
    (ON, 8/09, p.7)(www.hps.org/publicinformation/ate/q609.html)

1930        In India Gandhi called for peaceful civil disobedience and the Indian National Congress issued a declaration of grievances against Britain.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)
1930        Shyamaji Krishnavarma (b.1857), founder of a pro-independence monthly the India House, a hub for British-based Indian nationalists, died in Geneva. His ashes were returned to India in 2003.
    (AP, 8/22/03)

1930        A 6,500 year-old human skeleton was excavated in southern Iraq about this time and taken to the Univ. of Pennsylvania’s Pen Museum where it was lost in storage until 2014.
    (SFC, 8/6/14, p.A5)

1930        Mt. Stromboli in Italy erupted and hurled 30-ton rocks onto houses 3 km away and caused a tidal wave as the entire island mountain rose.
    (PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.30)
1930        Futurist Italian poet, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti denounced pasta as obsolete and urged Italians to try more avant-garde combinations like cooked salami sauced in espresso and spiked with eau de Cologne.
    (WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)
1930        In Italy Battista “Pinin" Farina founded Pininfarina SpA, a car design firm.
    (SFC, 8/8/08, p.B5)

1930        In Japan the Soka Gakkai, Values Creation Society, was founded on Buddhist principles. By 1999 the organization was present in 8 million Japanese households.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A25)
1930        In Japan Lt. Col. Kingoro Hashimoto formed the Sakurakai (Cherry Society), dedicated to establishing a military-controlled social structure in Japan. Consisting mostly of midlevel officers, the Cherry Society planned a March 1931 coup d‘etat that was aborted because of internal disagreement. In 1937, Hashimoto tried to trigger war with Britain by shelling a Royal Navy gunboat in Chinese waters.
    (HNQ, 1/5/01)

1930        In Kenya Irene Stefani an Italian member of the Consolata Missionary Sisters, died of the plague. As a trained nurse she had helped the wounded in Kenya and Tanzania during World War I and was much loved by the people of the Nyeri district, who called her "mother of mercy." In 2015 her beatification ceremony took place in Nyeri.
    (AFP, 5/14/15)

1930        In Lebanon the Musar vineyard was founded.
    (SFC, 1/11/08, p.F4)

1930        Aistros, billed as the first Lithuanian magazine, was first published.

1930        In Mexico Pres. Pascual Ortiz Rubio was wounded in an assassination attempt the day he took office. From this point till 2000 the sale and public display of alcoholic beverages were banned during patriotic events.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A14)

1930        In Romania Carol II returned to the throne and stayed there until abdicating again in 1940 when Michael I became king for a second time.
    (AP, 12/5/17)

1930        In Scotland’s Outer Hebrides the human population of the St Kilda archipelago was removed. In 1931 St Kilda was sold to the Marquess of Bute, a keen ornithologist. He bequeathed them to The National Trust for Scotland in 1957.
    (SFC, 2/9/08, p.B6)(www.kilda.org.uk/frame1.htm)

1930        Soviet satirist Andrei Platonov wrote "The Foundation Pit," a dystopian novel. It was not published in the Soviet Union until 1987. The fanciful narrative captured the absurdities of living in the Stalinist era. In 2020 Andrey Gryazev’s compilation documentary "The Foundation Pit," premiered at the Berlin Film Festival. It opened with a pre-credits sequence of Russian newscasts reporting incidents in which hapless house owners or workers have been injured in accidents involving foundation pits.
    (The Daily Beast, 2/26/20)
1930        The Soviet Union began deporting land holders, known as kulaks, along with their families as part of the rural collectivization process. The kulaks made up about a fifth of the Russian peasant class, which consisted of some 25 million households. In 2007 Lynne Viola authored “The Unknown Gulag: The Lost World of Stalin's Special Settlements."
    (WSJ, 4/26/07, p.D7)
1930        American industrialist Charles R. Crane bought 18 brass bells from the Soviet government, saving them from being melted down in Josef Stalin's purges that saw thousands of monks executed and churches and monasteries destroyed or turned into prisons, orphanages or animal barns. They hung for decades in the towers at Lowell House and Harvard Business School's Baker Library. In 2007 Harvard returned the largest of the bells, the Everyday Bell, to the Danilovsky Monastery and planned to return the rest in 2008.
    (AP, 9/12/07)

1930        The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) was founded in Basel, Switzerland.
    (Econ, 10/11/08, SR p.20)

1930        In Taiwan hundreds of indigenous Seediq people, led by Mauna Rudao, revolted against Japanese overlords. Over a hundred Japanese were killed in what came to be known as the Wushe incident. This triggered a brutal Japanese response. The story was brought to life in the 2011 Taiwanese film “Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale," directed by Wei Te-sheng.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.40)

1930        The first soccer World Cup was held in Montevideo, Uruguay. The American team lost in a semi-final round. Uruguay won the first World Cup. Uruguay hosted the first competition for the Jules Rimet Trophy, the World Cup's original name in honor of the FIFA president who had done so much to make the tournament a reality. Only four teams from Europe made the trip to Montevideo.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.26)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W7)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(AP, 5/14/18)

1930s        Piers Brendon, a British historian, authored "The Dark Valley" in 2000. It was a reflective panorama of the 1930s.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.33)
1930s        In 2000 William Wiser authored "The Twilight Years: Paris in the 1930s."
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.19)

1930s        Abraham Bluestein (d.1997), editor, reporter and self-proclaimed anarchist, edited the Vanguard and The Challenger.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.A20)
1930s        The radio show "The Shadow" was written by Walter Brown Gibson."
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.3)
1930s        The Kansas City style began as a mix of ragtime, marching band and minstrel music.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F1)
1930s        Bennie Moten plucked Bassie from Page’s Oklahoma City based Blue Devils.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F4)
1930s        Jo Jones in Bennie Moten’s band in Kansas City modernized jazz drumming by shifting the basic pulse from the bass drum to the high-hat cymbal. "As the rhythm section Jones, pianist Bassie and bassist Walter Page played with a loose propulsion that became the model of modern swing." The nucleus of Moten’s band became the Basie band a few years later.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, F1)
1930s        Billy Gladstone, percussionist for the Radio City Music Hall orchestra, had 50 or so custom drums made that featured a mechanism that allowed the top and bottom heads to be tuned together or separately.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.96)
1930s        The Hilton Sisters were vaudeville performers at this time. The sisters were Siamese twins joined at the hip. A musical titled "Side Show" was produced in 1997 based on their story.
    (WSJ, 10/22/97, p.A20)
1930s        R.C. Hoiles founded the Freedom Newspapers.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.C3)
1930s        Adolph Parducci founded his winery in Ukiah, Ca. The family sold the business in 1972. In 2004 it was bought by the Mendocino Wine Co.
    (SFEM, 10/27/96, p.40)(SFC, 9/8/06, p.F4)
1930s        American men began wearing jockey-type underwear as the long john market bottomed out in the early 1930s.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.E3)

1930s        The Davis-Bacon Act required that workers on federally subsidized construction projects receive union wages.
    (WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A26)

1930s        A small group of Seattle mountain climbers banded together to order gear from Europe. The group eventually grew into Recreational Equipment Inc. (aka REI).
    (WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A16)

1930s        William L Shirer succeeded George Seldes as the Berlin correspondent for the Chicago Tribune. Shirer later wrote "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T5)

1930s        The US government raised the price of gold to $35 an ounce in an effort to maintain production.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T7)

1930s        The US Army Corps of Engineers, at the behest of state and federal governments, built a new levee around Florida’s’ Lake Okeechobee to dam the southward flood.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.31)

1930s        The Depression era "Eau Claire" system set milk prices according to the distance from Eau Claire, Wisconsin, to ensure that every region of the country maintained a local supply of fresh milk.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A12)

1930s        The Great Depression affected a large number of people around the world. In 1993 T.H. Watkins (d.2000 at 63) authored "The Great Depression: America in the 1930s" as a companion peace to a PBS documentary series. In 1999 Watkins authored "The Hungry Years: A Narrative of the Great Depression," which combine oral history, memoirs and autobiographies.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1930)

1930s        Boeing's P-26 Peashooter, built in the 1930s, was the United States’ first single-wing, all-metal fighter. Boeing's P-26 was a milestone in three respects. It was the first U.S. Army Air Corps fighter to incorporate several important design features that would become standard on aircraft subsequently used in World War II. To placate conservative elements in the Air Corps, however, the P-26`s designers were constrained to include several anachronistic features in the airplane that hampered its development potential. The Peashooter was also to be the last fighter aircraft mass-produced by Boeing before the company went on to bigger things.
    (HNQ, 6/12/01)

1930s        Dumb-bell cocktail shakers were manufactured out of chrome and glass and some had metal stands. In 1998 they sold for as much as $450.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, Z1 p.3)

1930s        Hubley Manufacturing of Lancaster, Pa., made cast-iron toys that later became valued as collectibles. The Arcade Mnfg. Co. of Freeport, Ill., also made similar toys.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, Z1 p.3)

1930s        The McKee Glass Co. made Bottoms-Up glasses. The cocktail glasses could not stand up and were designed to be held until emptied. The idea was copied from pottery glasses of White Cloud Farms of Rock Tavern, N.Y.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, Z1 p.3)

1930s        The Napier Co. of Meriden, Conn., made jewelry and metal pieces. Their products included a pig bank, a clown bank, cocktail shakers and ice buckets.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, Z1 p.6)

1930s        William C. Menninger developed a technique called bibliotherapy in which clinicians prescribed books to help patients reach elusive truths. In the 1990s the book therapy evolved to movie therapy.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.B3)

1930s        Kansas husband-and-wife team Osa and Martin Johnson, flying two Sikorsky amphibian aircraft painted in animal motifs, covered 60,000 miles and photographed the land and peoples of Africa. The Johnsons introduced Depression-era audiences to the beauty of East Africa with their popular travel books and safari documentary films like "Baboona."
    (HNPD, 3/7/99)

1930s        Doctors at Johns Hopkins developed a nasal-radium procedure to shrink adenoids. Some 500,000 to 2.5 million Americans were exposed to the procedure from 1940 to the late 1960s and it was later found to increase the risk of cancer.
    (WSJ, 7/26/99, p.A1)

1930s        Percy Viosca Jr., a Louisiana naturalist, railed against the US Corps of Engineers for their plans to straitjacket the Mississippi River with levees.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)

1930s        During the 1930s, the Handley Page H.P.42 was the mainstay of government-subsidized Imperial Airways, linking commercial air routes throughout the British Empire. The prototype H.P.42, dubbed Hannibal, took off on its maiden flight on November 17, 1930 and soon had several variations to reach British possessions in Africa, the Middle East and India. Even when the sturdy, four-engine biplane was easily surpassed in speed by the 1930s, its luxuriousness rivaled ocean liners of the day. Despite its safety record and public affection, the H.P. 42 became more obsolete with the approach of World War II.
    (HNQ, 1/11/01)

1930s        The Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province was the area described for National Geographic by American ethnologist James Rock in the 1920s and 1930s. The 1933 James Hilton novel "Shangri-La" was thought to be based on Rock's writings.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A22)

1930s        Millions of mitten crabs migrated up Germany’s major rivers. They clogged dams and climbed onto shore where they wandered city streets and entered homes. They devastated fisheries and destroyed river banks and levies causing floods and other damage.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.6)
1930s        In Germany the Nazis sequestered artwork deemed "degenerate." An inventory was made that listed 16,500 works in 2 volumes. In 1997 the 2nd volume turned up in London and revealed that many art pieces were sold to Swiss dealers.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.C15)

1930        A competition began in India, known as the Empire Games. It gathered the British empire's athletes as a way to bind together the Britain’s vast dominions. The games later became known as the Commonwealth Games.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

1930s        Hitler began building his "Eagle’s Nest" above the town of Berchtesgaden in the German Alps.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.16A)

1930s        In Mexico Fidel Velasquez Sanchez (1900-1997), a Mexico City baker [dairy worker], rose to power in the union movement. He was a strong anti-Communist and rewarded his friends with money and power. He led the Confederation of Mexican Workers (CTM) for 56 years.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A10,12)(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D8)

1930s        In Russia the centralized gas heating system of the city of Moscow was constructed.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.C4)

1930s        In Russia the labor camp in Norilsk, Siberia, was built. It was later developed as a huge nickel complex.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A10)
1930s        Mikhail Bulgakov (1891-1940) wrote his novel "The Master and Margarita." It satirized life under Stalin and was not published until after Bulgakov's death.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.1)

1930-1931    Babe Ruth's highest salary was $80,000 annually. He suffered a $5,000 pay cut in 1932 despite hitting .373, leading the majors with a .700 slugging percentage, tying for the lead in homers with 46 and knocking in 163 runs in 1931.

1930-1933    The 11 documentary James A. Fitzpatrick’s Traveltalks were made and featured unique glimpses of China, Japan, Korea, Dutch New Guinea, Ireland, India, and Italy.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, DB p.58)
1930-1933    Samuel K. Lothrop, archeologist from Harvard, Peabody Museum, excavated a number of extraordinarily rich prehistoric graves in the province of Cocle, Panama.
    (RFH-MDHP, p.228, illustrations)

1930-1935    Richard B. Bennet, Conservative Party, serves as the 11th Prime Minister of Canada.
    (CFA, ‘96, p.81)

1930-1937    Kurdish revolts in Turkey were harshly suppressed.
    (SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A14)

1930-1939    This period in the US was later covered in the 2007 book “The Forgotten Man" by Alonzo L. Shales.
    (WSJ, 6/12/07, p.D5)
1930-1939    During the 1930s Great Depression, counties and cities in the American Southwest and Midwest forced Mexican immigrants and their families to leave the US over concerns they were taking jobs away from whites despite their legal right to stay. Around 500,000 to 1 million Mexican immigrants and Mexican-Americans were pushed out of the US.
    (AP, 8/30/15)   

1930-1940    Shirley Bell Cole (1920-2010) served as the primary voice of radio character Little Orphan Annie.
    (SFC, 2/4/10, p.C6)

1930-1945    Leo Szilard, scientist on the Manhattan Project, later published selected recollections and correspondence from this period in the book: "Leo Szilard: His Version of the Facts."
    (SFEM, 7/30/00, p.16)

1930-1946    Joshua Gibson was a star catcher in the Negro Baseball League. He hit a record 89 home runs one year.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B14)

1930-1950    The NKVD and KGB infiltration in Washington during this period was documented in the 1998 book "The Haunted Wood" by Allen Weinstein and Alexander Vassiliev.
    (WSJ, 1/5/98, p.A20)

1930-1954    Prof. John Wirth (d.2002) of Stanford covered this period of Brazil in his book "The Politics of Brazilian Development 1930-1954." It won the Bolton Prize in 1971.
    (SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A29)

1930-1955    Finland engaged in a forced sterilization program that sterilized some 1,460 people over this period.
    (SFC, 8/28/97, p.A12)

1930-1960    Millions of people including ethnic Germans and Russian dissidents died during this period, unable to survive starvation and torture in a network of gulag camps scattered from Russia's Arctic tundra to the inhospitable Kazakh steppe.
    (Reuters, 12/21/09)

1930-1965    Lorraine Hansberry, American author-dramatist: "I think that the glorious thing about the human race is that it does change the world -- constantly. The world or 'life' may seem to more often overwhelm the human being, but it is the human being's capacity for struggling against being overwhelmed which is remarkable and exhilarating."
    (AP, 4/25/99)

1930-1966    Dr. Virginia Corwin Brautigam (1901-1996), scholar in comparative religion, taught at Smith College.
    (SFC, 8/24/96, p.A21)

1930-1996    Jesse Hill Ford, American novelist. His work examined the destructive relations between the races in his native South as in: "The Liberation of Lord Byron Jones" (1965) and "The Feast of St. Barnabas" (1969). In 1970 he mistakenly shot a black soldier who had parked with a girlfriend in his private driveway and was charged with murder but found not guilty.
    (SFC, 6/6/96, p.C6)

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