Timeline 1929

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1929        Jan 2, The United States and Canada reached agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls.
    (AP, 1/2/98)
1929        Jan 2, Evelyn "Bobbi" Trout (d.2003 at 97) shattered the female pilot endurance record of 8 hours with a flight of 12 hours and 11 minutes.
    (SFC, 2/1/03, p.A18)

1929        Jan 3, William S. Paley (27) became CBS president.
    (MC, 1/3/02)

1929        Jan 7, "Tarzan," one of the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appeared.
    (MC, 1/7/02)

1929        Jan 8, The Dow Jones Industrials added National Cash Register as a replacement for Victor Talking Machine.
    (WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1929        Jan 11, Prohibition agents in San Francisco seized 1,100 cases of whiskies and 2,000 gallons of Belgian alcohol worth $90,000 at 1861 16th Ave.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.E6)
1929        Jan 11, Prohibition agents in Oakland, Ca., seized 200 gallons of moonshine at a residence at 1942 E. 27th St.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.E6)

1929        Jan 13, Frontiersman Wyatt Earp died in LA, Ca., after an illustrious life in the West. Cowboy stars William S. Hart and Tom Mix served as pallbearers. Born in Illinois in 1848, he served as a lawman in Wichita and Dodge City, Kansas, as well as Tombstone, Arizona Territory, where Wyatt and his brothers Morgan and Virgil were notorious for violent clashes with outlaws. Western historians have disagreed about the particulars of Wyatt Earp's life, but he is said to have been a freighter-teamster, railroad construction worker, policeman, prisoner, saloon keeper and horse farmer, and he was involved in several gunfights--for reasons that may or may not have been related to law enforcement. When Morgan was killed, Wyatt avenged his death by killing Frank Stilwell, an outlaw he had previously arrested. Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp died and was buried in Colma, Ca. In 2003 Lee A. Silva authored Wyatt Earp, A Biography of the Legend, Volume 1, the Cowtown Years."
    (HNPD, 1/12/99)(SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1 p.10)(MesWP)(CHA, 1/2001)(AH, 6/03, p.60)

1929        Jan 14, Pres. Calvin Coolidge issued an executive order declaring Oakland an official port of entry. This included Oakland, Alameda, Berkeley, Emeryville and San Leandro and allowed ships to clear without stopping in SF.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.E6)

1929        Jan 15, "Queen Ida" Guillory, Zydeco accordionist, was born.
    (MC, 1/15/02)
1929        Jan 15, Martin Luther King Jr. (d1968), American Baptist Minister and Civil Rights leader, was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He won the Nobel Peace prize in 1964 and was assassinated in 1968. Dr. King began his involvement in the civil rights movement in 1955 with his leadership of the Montgomery bus boycott, which ended segregated seating on city buses. Adopting Mohandas K. Gandhi's principles of nonviolence, King led demonstrations, sit-ins and boycotts in cities throughout the South to show the injustice of racist policies. He explained his belief in nonviolence in a letter written during one of his many incarcerations: "Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored...." King's efforts helped to bring about the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Dr. King's leadership of the civil rights movement brought many threats against his life and on April 4, 1968, he was killed by a sniper's bullet in Memphis, Tennessee. Martin Luther King Day was established by President Ronald Reagan in 1986, for the third Monday in January. "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." "A man can't ride your back unless it's bent."
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p.721)(AP, 4/3/97)(AP, 1/15/98)(HNPD, 1/15/99)
1929        Jan 15, The U.S. Senate ratified the Kellogg-Briand anti-war pact.
    (HN, 1/15/99)

1929        Jan 17, The first Popeye character appeared in the Thimble Theater cartoon strip by Elzie Segar  (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill.
    (WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.C._Segar)
1929        Jan 17, In Afghanistan Habibullah Kalakani (1891-1929), popularly known as "Bache Saqaw," became emir after deposing Amanullah Khan, the grandson of Rahman  Khan, with the help of various Afghan tribes who opposed modernization. Khan had built 5-mile (8-km) track with steam locomotives running between Kabul and his European-style palace of Darulaman. But his plans for a wider network met with opposition. The line fell into disrepair after he was overthrown.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habibull%C4%81h_Kalak%C4%81ni)(AP, 3/10/12)

1929        Jan 18, Stalin banned Trotsky from the Politburo.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1929        Jan 19, Acadia National Park, Maine, was established.
    (MC, 1/19/02)
1929        Jan 19, Liang Qichao (b.1873), Chinese intellectual, died in Beijing. He inspired Chinese scholars with his writings and reform movements.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Qichao)

1929        Jan 24, Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, president of Stanford Univ. (1916-1941), accepted the position of Sec. of the Interior under Pres. Hoover. Wilbur took a leave of absence to serve.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.E3)

1929        Jan 25, Members of the New York Stock Exchange asked for an additional 275 seats.
    (HN, 1/25/99)

1929        Jan 26, Jules Feiffer, cartoonist (Passionella), author (Little Murders), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 1/26/02)
1929        Jan 26, San Francisco police took Frances Orlando (19) to the Bush Police Station because she was dressed in men's clothing.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.E3)

1929        Jan 28, Claus Oldenburg, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor), was born in Stockholm, Sweden. He worked in Chicago as a newspaper reporter and then went to New York in 1956. He opened his "Store" in 1961, which was a storefront stocked with painted plaster replicas of food, clothing, and inexpensive household goods.
    (WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-12)(MC, 1/28/02)

1929        Jan 29, The first seeing-eye Dog Guide School in the United States received their charter. Seeing Eye, Inc., was founded in Morris Township, New Jersey, by Dorothy Harrison Eustus. In February Morris Frank and Jack Humphrey began operating the 1st Seeing Eye school in the US in Nashville, Tenn. Frank had trained under Humphrey in Switzerland at a kennel owned by Dorothy Eustis. Buddy was Frank's 1st dog and in 1936 became the 1st seeing-eye dog to ride as a passenger on an American commercial airline.
    (HNQ, 3/10/01)(www.seeingeye.org/aboutus/?M_ID=472)(ON, 12/03, p.5)

1929        Jan 31, Leon Trotsky was expelled from Russia to Turkey.
    (WSJ, 2/29/96, p. A-14)(MC, 1/31/02)

1929        Jan, The 1,500-seat New Sequoia Theater opened in Redwood City, Ca. It was built by Ellis John Arkush and was the first of the Peninsula show houses to be wired for talking pictures. It featured a Moorish-style interior and a Gothic exterior. In the 1950s it was redesigned in an Art Deco style. In 1993 it was listed on the US Registry of Historic Places. In 1998 it was sold for $2 million.
    (Ind, 5/13/00,5A)(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A15)(SFC, 8/27/15, p.E6)
1929        Jan, Anaconda Copper Co. purchased the Chuquicamata mine in Chile.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R46)

1929        Feb 1, Weightlifter, Charles Rigoulet of France, achieved the first 400 pound ‘clean and jerk’ as he lifted 402-1/2 pounds.
    (440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)

1929        Feb 6, Germany accepted Kellogg-Briand pact.
    (HN, 2/6/99)

1929        Feb 11, The Lateran Treaty was signed, with Italy recognizing the independence and sovereignty of Vatican City. The Italian government, under dictator Benito Mussolini, paid the Vatican $91.7 million for the papal lands it seized in 1870. The Italian state agreed to supply water but the disposal of waste was not specified. This became a big issue in 1999.
    (SFEM, 1/19/96, p.10)(AP, 2/11/97)(WSJ, 12/3/99, p.A1)(Econ, 7/12/14, p.68)

1929        Feb 12, Charles Lindbergh announced his engagement to Anne Morrow. The Guggenheims helped aviators like Lindbergh, Curtiss, and the Wright Brothers. Morrow was the daughter of Dwight Morrow, US ambassador to Mexico. She later authored a number of books that included "Gift From the Sea."
    (HN, 2/12/97)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)

1929        Feb 14, In Chicago the "St. Valentine's Day Massacre" took place in a garage of the Moran gang as seven rivals of Al Capone's gang were gunned down. Police found seven men shot to death in a North Chicago garage. With the exception of one, the men were working under George "Bugs" Moran, a well-known bootlegger and gangster, and staunch rival of Al "Scarface" Capone. Members of Capone’s gang lured the victims into the garage under the guise of selling cheap alcohol. Then two of Capone’s men, dressed up as police officers, staged a raid. Believing them to be real, Moran’s outfit turned over its weapons, turned to face the wall and waited for the arrest. It was at that point that the hit on Moran’s men took place. Neighbors heard the gunfire, but assumed the police were involved when Capone’s costumed officers escorted the gunmen outside and together, they all fled the scene.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1929)(AP, 2/14/98)(HNQ, 2/14/02)

1929        Feb 17, Chaim Potok, novelist (The Chosen, The Promise), was born.
    (HN, 2/17/01)

1929        Feb 18, Leonard Cyril Deighton, English spy author (Ipcress File, Fighter), was born.
    (AP, 2/18/01)(MC, 2/18/02)

1929        Feb 19, A medical diathermy machine was 1st used in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1929        Feb 22, Marni Nixon, singer (for Audrey Hepburn, Natalie Wood & Deborah Kerr), was born.
    (MC, 2/22/02)
1929        Feb 22, with the influence of Congressman William Williamson and Senator Peter Norbeck pushing Congress for approval of the bill and President Coolidge ready to sign it into law, Public Law 805 was passed and the Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission was established.

1929        Feb 23, Regine Crespin, operatic soprano, was born in Marseilles, France.
    (MC, 2/23/02)
1929        Feb 23, Elston Howard, Yankee catcher (1st black NY Yankee/1963 AL MVP), was born.
    (MC, 2/23/02)
1929        Feb 23, Chinese rebels seized Hunan.
    (HN, 2/23/98)

1929        Feb 26, President Coolidge signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park In Wyoming.
    (AP, 2/26/98)(WUD, 1994, p.615)

1929        Feb 27, Briton Hadden (b.1898) co-founder of Time Magazine with his Yale classmate Henry Luce, died of a mysterious infection. In 2006 Isaiah Wilner authored “The Man Time Forgot," a biography of Hadden.
    (WSJ, 9/29/06, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Briton_Hadden)

1929        Feb, The state of Transjordan, created in 1921 under British protection in the aftermath of the Ottoman Empire's collapse, held its first elections for a mostly powerless legislative council.
    (AP, 1/23/13)

1929        Mar 2, US Congress created Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.
    (SC, 3/2/02)
1929        Mar 2, The San Mateo-Hayward Bridge, then called the San Francisco Bay Toll-Bridge, opened. The $7.5 million, 7.1-mile span was for the time the longest in the world. The initial toll was 45 cents per car with an additional nickel for each passenger. On hand were Gov. C.C. Young, SF Mayor James Rolph Jr., and San Mateo Mayor Fred Beer. Pres. Coolidge pressed a button in the White House that sparked the final connection.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W31)(Ind, 3/30/02, 5A)

1929        Mar 4, Herbert Hoover, trained in California as an engineer, was inaugurated as the 31st US President. Engineers in SF asserted: "the engineer dominates the 20th century."
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)
1929        Mar 4, Charles Curtis (R-Kansas) became 1st native American Vice President.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1929        Mar 5, David Dunbar Buick (b.1854), Scottish-born American Detroit-based inventor, died in Detroit. He is best known for founding the Buick Motor Company. Buick headed this company and its predecessor from 1899 until 1906, thereby helping to create one of the most successful nameplates in United States motor vehicle history.

1929        Mar 9, Marcel Pagnol's "Marius," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1929        Mar 11, Major Seagrave broke the auto speed record in Daytona Beach. He reached an average of 223.2 mph in a 450 horse powered Golden Arrow.
    (HN, 3/11/98)

1929        Mar 15, Richter Clyde Perky dedicated a new tower in Sugarloaf Key, Florida. It was built to house "malaria-eradicating, guano-producing bats." Unfortunately no bats ever showed.
    (HT, 5/97, p.72)

1929        Mar 17, General Motors purchased an 80% stake in Opel, a German car manufacturer, for $33.3 million. GM raised the stake to 100% in 1931.

1929        Mar 20, Ferdinand Foch (77), Marshal of France (WW I), died.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1929        Mar 22, A US Coast Guard vessel sank a Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1929        Mar 23, Sir Roger Bannister, the first man to run the mile in less than four minutes (May 6, 1954), was born in England.
    (HN, 3/23/99)(SS, 3/23/02)
1929        Mar 23, The 1st telephone installed in White House.
    (SS, 3/23/02)
1929        Mar 28, Frederick Exley, American novelist (A Fan's Notes), was born.
    (HN, 3/28/01)

1929        Mar, When Hoover was inaugurated, he and his wife, Lou, rode from the Capitol to the White House in an open car, to allow the onlooking crowds unfettered gawking. The Hoovers rode stoically in a drenching downpour. Just four years later, Herbert Hoover was on the way out of the White House, with the stock market crash of 1929, the depression, the Bonus Army march on Washington, and a bitter defeat by Franklin Delano Roosevelt behind him. In March 1933, it now was FDR‘s inauguration day, and Hoover was denied the courtesy of Secret Service protection traditionally accorded an outgoing president.
    (HNQ, 1/16/01)

1929        Apr 1, Milan Kundera, Czech writer (The Farewell Party), was born. His novel, "The Unbearable Lightness of Being," was translated from the Czech in 1984 and was made into a film in 1988.
    (HN, 4/1/01)
1929               Apr 1,  Louie Marx introduced the Yo-Yo in the US.
    (OTD)(HN, 4/1/01)

1929        Apr 4, Sigmund Romberg's "New Moon" musical opened in London.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1929        Apr 6, "Crazy" Joe Gallo, mobster, was born.
    (MC, 4/6/02)
1929        Apr 6, Andre Previn, pianist and conductor, was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (HN, 4/6/01)(MC, 4/6/02)

1929        Apr 8, Walter Berry, singer, ex husband of Christa Ludwig, was born in Austria.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1929        Apr 8, Jacques Brel (d.1978), singer, actor, was born in Belgium.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1929        Apr 10, Max Von Sydow, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Seventh Seal, Dreamscape), was born in Lund, Sweden.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1929        Apr 17, Baseball player Babe Ruth and Claire Hodgeson, a former member of the Ziegfeld Follies, got married.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1929        Apr 22, Harold E. Jones, director of research at the Univ. of Cal. Institute of child Welfare reported that children doing poor schoolwork and those most often exhibiting objectionable traits were found to be those who attend motion picture shows frequently.
    (SFC, 4/16/04, p.F5)

1929        Aug 24, Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Movement (Nobel 1994), was born. In 1998 Said K. Aburish published his biography "Arafat: From Defender to Dictator."
    (HN, 8/24/98)(WSJ, 11/19/98, p.A21)
1929        Aug 24, Palestinians attacked orthodox Jews in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1929        Apr 26, First non-stop flight from England to India was completed.
    (HN, 4/26/98)

1929        May 1, Police killed 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1929        May 3, Prussia banned anti-fascists.
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1929        May 4, Audrey Hepburn, Belgian-born actress, was born. She won an Oscar for her role Roman Holiday and later became a Special Ambassador for UNICEF.
    (HN, 5/4/99)

1929        May 7, Albert Anselmi, John Scalise and Joseph "Top Toad" Giunta, US gangsters, were murdered by Al Capone.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1929        May 12, Burt Bacharach, composer, was born in KC, Mo. His songs included "I’ll Never Fall in Love Again."
    (SC, Internet, 5/12/97)(MC, 5/12/02)

1929        May 15, Fire in X-ray film stock killed 125 at Crile Clinic, Cleveland.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1929        May 16, Betty Carter, jazz singer, was born.
    (HN, 5/16/01)
1929        May 16, Adrienne Rich, poet (Diving into the Wreck), was born.
    (HN, 5/16/01)
1929        May 16, Hollywood staged an experimental publicity stunt for the movie industry at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel that grew to become the Academy Awards extravaganza. The first Academy Awards were presented during a banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. The movie "Wings" won best production while Emil Jannings and Janet Gaynor were named best actor and best actress. The first ceremony gave out a 2nd best award that went to F.W. Murnau’s "Sunrise." The dog Rin Tin Tin received the most votes for best actor, but the academy decided it would be a more auspicious precedent to grant the award to a human.
    (WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 3/23/97, DB p.54)(AP, 5/16/97)(Econ, 2/4/12, p.86)

1929        May 17, Edsel Ford cut the first sod of Ford's new British manufacturing plant in the Dagenham marshes. The first cars at Dagenham were produced in October, 1931. This was Ford’s first expansion outside the US.
    (AP, 12/25/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Dagenham)

1929        May 18, In the 55th Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee on Clyde Van Dusen won in 2:10.8.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1929        May 19, Harvey Cox, US theologist (Secular City), was born.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1929        May 25, David S. Ruder, 23rd chairman of Securities & Exchange Commission, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1929        May 25, Beverly Sills, opera singer, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (HN, 5/25/01)(SC, 5/25/02)

1929        May 27, Colonel Charles Lindbergh married Anne Spencer Murrow.
    (HN, 5/27/98)

1929        May 28, The first all-color talking picture, "On with the Show," opened in New York.
    (AP, 5/28/99)

1929        May, Clarence Birdseye and his partners sold their frozen food operations to the Postum Company for $23.5 million and became director of research for the Gloucestor-based “Birds Eye" frozen food division of General Foods, owner of Postum.
    (ON, 8/12, p.6)

1929        Jun 3, The 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center featured electric light.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1929        Jun 3, Chile, Peru & Bolivia signed an accord about the Tacna-Arica area. Chile and Peru accepted a proposal by Pres. Herbert Hoover over the outcome of the 1879-1893 War of the Pacific. Chile would retain Arica and return Tacna to Peru and grant access to the Arica port as a compromise. The accord was not implemented until 1999.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)(MC, 6/3/02)

1929        Jun 4, George Eastman demonstrated 1st Technicolor movie in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1929        Jun 7, John Turner, (L) 17th Canadian PM (1984), was born in Richmond, England.
    (SC, 6/7/02)
1929        Jun 7, The sovereign state of Vatican City came into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty were exchanged in Rome.
    (AP, 6/7/97)

1929        Jun 11, G. Neujmin discovered asteroid #1147 Stavropolis.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1929        Jun 12, Anne Frank, German-Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim, was born in Holland. She with her family hid from the Nazis in Holland during World War II. Her diary is world famous
    (HN, 6/12/98)(MC, 6/12/02)

1929        Jun 18, Eva Bartok, actress, was born.
    (HN, 6/18/98)

1929        Jun 23, Valerie June Carter (d.2003) was born in Maces Springs, Va., to Mother Maybelle Carter, a founding member of the Carter Family trio. She married Johnny Cash in 1968.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A24)

1929        Jun 27, Scientists at Bell Laboratories in New York revealed a system for transmitting television pictures.
    (HN, 6/27/98)
1929        Jun 27, Pres. Von Hindenburg refused to pay the German debt of WW I.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1929        Jun 28, In San Francisco movie mogul William Fox unveiled his $5 million “theater of dreams." The SF Fox Theater closed in 1963.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, DB p.42)

1929        Jul 1, The US Immigration law of 1924 went into effect.
    (MC, 7/1/02)
1929        Jul 3, Dunlop Latex Development Laboratories made foam rubber.
    (MC, 7/3/02)

1929        Jul 4, Al Davis (d.2011), NFL team owner, was born in Brocton, Mass. In 1982 he moved the Oakland Raiders to Los Angeles. The team moved back to Oakland in 1995.
    (SFC, 1/22/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A18)

1929        Jul 15, Hugo Von Hofmannsthal, playwright, poet, died.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1929        Jul 16, Col. Charles Lindbergh was severely angered when he realized a sound-camera man had recorded a private conversation using a concealed microphone. The “voice that has never been filmed" left San Francisco’s Mills Field airport on the cameraman’s reel.
    (SFC, 7/16/04, p.F4)

1929        Jul 18, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 7/18/01)

1929        Jul 24, President Hoover proclaimed the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which renounced war as an instrument of foreign policy.
    (AP, 7/24/97)

1929        Jul 26, Jean Shepherd, humorist (Playboy satire Award 1966, 1967, 1969), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1929        Jul 27, Jack Higgins, [Harry Patterson], novelist, was born.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

1929        Jul 28, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, first lady from 1961 to 1963, was born in Southampton, N.Y.
    (AP, 7/28/98)

1929        Jul, Gala, wife of poet Paul Eluard, met Salvadore Dali (25) in Cadaques, Spain. She believed he was a genius on the verge of madness and decided to help him get a grip on reality while he unleashed his visions on canvas.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.30)

1929        Jul, Transcontinental Air Transport began regularly scheduled between NY and LA. Service took 48 hours with trains for night travel. A ticket cost $310. [see Oct 23]
    (Ind, 11/16/02, 5A)

1929        Aug 3, Bethel Leslie, entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 8/3/02)
1929        Aug 3, Thorstein Veblen (b.1857), economist, died in California near Stanford Univ. He was the author of: "The Theory of the Leisure Class" (1899) and coined the phrase "conspicuous consumption." He laid the groundwork for the school of institutionalist economics. He tried to apply Darwin's theory of evolution to economics and his work led to increased government involvement in the economy. His best known work was "The Theory of the Leisure Class." In 1999 Elizabeth and Henry Jorgensen published "Thorstein Veblen: Victorian Firebrand." Veblen said that technicians will eventually run the world because nobody else will understand it.
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R20) (SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.4)(SFEC, 2/13/00, Z1 p.2)

1929        Aug 4, Some 60,000 SA and SS storm troopers marched in Munich.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1929        Aug 5, Millicent Fawcett (b.1847), British feminist leader, died in London. She had started campaigning for votes for women in 1866. In 2018 a statue of her was unveiled in London's Parliament Square, a public space previously occupied by 11 statues of men.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millicent_Fawcett)(Reuters, 4/24/18)

1929        Aug 7, Ruth Carter-Stapleton, Pres. Carter’s sister, evangelist, was born in Plains, Ga.
    (MC, 8/7/02)
1929        Aug 7, Germany’s Graf Zeppelin airship embarked from Lakehurst, New Jersey, on the first round-the-world passenger voyage.
    (www.airships.net/blog/graf-zeppelin-round-the-world-flight-august-1929)(Hem., 2/96, p.43)

1929        Aug 8, Josef Suk, violinist (Artist of Merit-1977), was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1929        Aug 10, John Alldis, composer, conductor, was born.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1929        Aug 11, Babe Ruth hit his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians. In 2019 the bat Ruth used was auctioned in southern California for more than $1 million.
    (SFC, 12/16/19, p.A6)

1929        Aug 12, Buck Owens, country singer (Hee Haw), was born in Sherman, Texas.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1929        Aug 16, Bill Evans, jazz pianist, was born. [see Aug 28]
    (HN, 8/16/00)

1929        Aug 17, Francis Gary Powers, US spy (USSR captured him in 1959 U-2 incident), was born.
    (SC, 8/17/02)
1929        Aug 17, James Horace Alderman, convicted of murdering 2 Coast Guardsmen and a Secret Service agent in 1927, was hanged at 5:00 a.m. at Coast Guard Base 6 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It was reported in the media that Alderman's neck was broken and he died a painless death. In fact, Alderman kicked and strangled for a full twelve minutes before being pronounced dead by a local doctor. He was the only person ever executed on Coast Guard property.
1929        Aug 18, The first cross-country women’s air derby began. Louise McPhetride Thaden won first prize in the heavier-plane division, while Phoebe Fairgrave Omlie finished first in the lighter-plane category.
    (HN, 8/18/98)

1929        Aug 19, The comedy program "Amos ‘n’ Andy," starring Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll, made its network radio debut on NBC.
    (AP, 8/19/97)
1929        Aug 19, Sergei P. Diaghilev (b.1872), Russian dance master and leader of the Ballet Russes, died in Italy.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm1959850/bio)(SFC, 7/15/97, p.A18)

1929        Aug 21, Marie Severin, comic book artist, was born. In the 1950s she worked for the Federal Reserve Bank of New York as it began publishing educational cartoon-style booklets.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.P12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Severin)

1929        Aug 24, Yasser Arafat (d.2004), leader of the Palestinian Liberation Movement (Nobel 1994), was born in Cairo according to his Cairo birth certificate. He was the 5th child of Palestinian merchant Abdel Raouf al-Qudwa al-Husseini. In 1998 Said K. Aburish published his biography "Arafat: From Defender to Dictator."
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)(www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Yasser-Arafat)
1929        Aug 24, In the Hebron massacre 65–68 Jews are killed by Arabs and the remaining Jews are forced to leave Hebron.

1929        Aug 25, Graf Zeppelin passed over SF for LA following a trans-Pacific voyage.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.F8)

1929        Aug 26, The 1st US roller coaster was built.
    (MC, 8/26/02)

1929        Aug 27, Ira Levin, author (Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1929        Aug 28, Bill Evans (d.1980), pianist, was born in Plainfield, N.J. [see Aug 16]
    (WSJ, 8/28/98, p.W7)
1929        Aug 28, Istvan Kertesz, conductor (Budapest Opera 1953-57/London Philharmonic), was born in Budapest, Hungary.
    (MC, 8/28/01)

1929        Aug 29, John Jacob Raskob (1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced the construction of the world’s tallest building, the Empire State Building.
    (ON, 12/08, p.10)
1929        Aug 29, The Graf Zeppelin returned to Lakehurst, New Jersey, after 21 days 4 hours, a new world record.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.43)(MC, 8/29/01)(ON, 1/03, p.10)

1929        Sep 1, Maddux Air began the 1st direct aerial passenger service from SF to NY. The 48 hour trip included 2 nights on trains.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.F8)

1929        Sep 3, The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 381.17. It was the peak of the bull market of the 1920s.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1929        Sep 4, SF’s largest parking garage opened in the 7 lower floors of the new 26-storey medical office building, designed by Miller and Pfleuger,  at 450 Sutter St.
    (SFC, 9/3/04, p.F8)

1929        Sep 5, Roger Babson (1875-1967), investment advisor, gave a speech saying, "Sooner or later a crash is coming, and it may be terrific." Later that day the stock market declined by about 3%. This became known as the "Babson Break". The Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression soon followed. His 1935 autobiography was titled “Actions and Reactions."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Babson)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.88)(www.babson.com/)

1929        Sep 8, Christoph von Dohnanyi, conductor and pianist (Cleve Orchestra), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1929        Sep 10, Arnold Palmer, golfer who won four Masters, two British Opens and one U.S. Open, was born.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1929        Sep 11, David S. Broder, journalist (Pulitzer 1973), was born in Chicago Hgts., Ill.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1929        Sep 11, The San Francisco Bohemian Club honored Winston Churchill, former Chancellor of the Exchequer in Britain’s recently ousted Conservative government, at a luncheon.
    (SFC, 9/10/04, p.F2)

1929        Sep 14, The Dow Jones Industrials added Curtis-Wright as a replacement for Wright Aeronautical.
    (WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1929        Sep 16, Boston Mayor Nichols banned the performance of Eugene O'Neill play "Strange Interlude" on the grounds that it was obscene. The play had never been banned anywhere, and many Bostonians wanted to see it, but the mayor would not change his mind. The mayor of neighboring Quincy, Mass., allowed the play to be performed there on September 30th, and it played to sold-out crowds for a month. This was later among events covered in the book “Censorship of the American Theatre in the 20th Century" (2003).

1929        Sep 18, Preston Sturges' "Strictly Dishonorable," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/18/01)
1929        Sep 18, Charles Lindbergh took off on a 10,000 mile air tour of South America. B.F. Mahoney was the ‘mystery man’ behind the Ryan company that built Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis.
    (HN, 9/18/98)

1929        Sep 21, Fighting between China and the Soviet Union broke out along the Manchurian border.
    (HN, 9/21/98)

1929        Sep 22, Communist and Nazi factions clashed in Berlin.
    (HN, 9/22/98)

1929        Sep 24, U.S. Army pilot Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY2 Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.
    (AP, 9/24/97)(HN, 9/24/98)

1929        Sep 30, The 1st manned rocket plane flight was made by auto maker Fritz von Opel at Frankfurt-am-Main [see May 29, 1928].

1929        Sep, The London Stock Exchange crashed when Clarence Hatry, a fraudulent financier, was arrested. Stock sell-offs followed leading to the crash of 1929.
    (Econ, 4/12/14, p.54)
1929        Sep, The inevitable market corrections began and stock prices fluctuated for a month. The prosperous Jazz Age came to a close and the Great Depression began when the stock market crashed in October. In the late 1920s, the American economy had never looked better, but the danger signs were there. More products were being produced than could be purchased. In addition, more and more people played the ever-soaring stock market, borrowing on their borrowings to buy nothing but paper profits.
    (HNPD, 10/29/98)

1929        Oct 1, In NYC demolition began of the Waldorf-Astoria to make way for the new Empire State Building.
    (ON, 12/08, p.11)

1929        Oct 3, The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It included the regions of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Macedonia. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Yugoslavia. The Kingdom had been formed on December 1, 1918 and was ruled by the Serbian Karageorgevic dynasty. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 3/26/99)(LCTH, 10/3/99)

1929        October 7, British PM J. Ramsay MacDonald delivered a speech to the US Congress. He first spoke briefly to the House of Representatives and then gave a longer speech to the Senate. MacDonald was the first British PM to address the US Congress. 
    (NY Times, 10/8/1929, p.3)

1929        Oct 9, G. Kaufman's and R. Lardner's musical "June Moon," premiered NYC.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1929        Oct 11, Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle," premiered in London.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1929        Oct 12, Richard Coles, child psychologist and author, was born.
    (HN, 10/12/00)

1929        Oct 15, Nadir Khan (1983-1933) took the throne of Afghanistan after a 3-way power struggle. His tribal Wazir army looted government buildings and houses of wealthy citizens because the treasury was empty. Habibullah Kalakani, along with his supporters, and a few supporters of Amanullah Khan were killed by Nadir Khan and Khan established full control.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Nadir_Shah)(WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A6)

1929        Oct 21, Ursula Kroeber Le Guin, science fiction writer, was born. Her work included "The Left Hand of Darkness."
    (HN, 10/21/00)(MC, 10/21/01)

1929        Oct 22, Dory Previn, pop singer (Love Be My Cover), was born in Rahway, NJ.
    (MC, 10/22/01)

1929        Oct 23, First transcontinental air service began from New York to Los Angeles. [see July]
    (HN, 10/23/98)

1929        Oct 24, George Henry Crumb, American composer, was born.
    (HN, 10/24/00)
1929        Oct 24, Rudy Vallee's Fleischmann Hour began broadcasting on NBC radio.
1929        Oct 24, Black Thursday, the first day of the stock market crash, began the Great Depression. Dow Jones was down 12.8%. Stock values collapsed and 13 million shares changed hands as small investors frantically tried to sell off their holdings. Thousands of confused investors and brokers were ruined and banks, which had also invested heavily in the market, failed when they could not produce enough cash on demand for angry depositors. The 3 cent Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported the crash along with a story on the trial of a former banking superintendent for taking a $10,000 bribe for not inspecting some insolvent banks.
    (HN, 10/24/98)(HNPD, 10/29/98)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.D9)(AH, 10/04, p.15)

1929          Oct 25, Former Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall was convicted of accepting a $100,000 bribe in connection with the Elk Hills Naval Oil Reserve in California. This conviction was in addition to the one he received for accepting kickbacks in conjunction with the Wyoming Teapot Dome Scandal. Fall served under Pres. Warren Harding, but it is unclear if Harding was aware of any wrongdoing. [see Oct 25, 1923]
    (AP, 10/25/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.D9)

1929        Oct 28, Universal Pictures joined with Transcontinental Air Transport to offer moving pictures for air passengers bound for California.
    (SFC, 10/29/04, p.F11)
1929        Oct 28, The DJIA dropped 12.8%. Dow Jones plummeted 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64. Just before the Great Crash the Ladies Home Journal proclaimed: "Everyone Ought to Be Rich."
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A1)(SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)

1929        Oct 29, The DJIA dropped 11.7%. "Black Tuesday" was the worst day of the market crash as panicked survivors dumped 16 million shares on the market. Clerical workers stayed up all night to find that $30 billion in paper value had been wiped out in one day. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America's Great Depression began. On Wall street prices plunged $14 million. By mid- November $30 billion of the $80 billion worth of stocks listed in September were been wiped out. Stocks continued to slide until 1932, but the fear caused by the crash made Americans unwilling to buy or invest and the economy slowly worsened into the Great Depression. In 1994 daily trades average 200-300 million shares. In 1954 John Kenneth Galbraith authored “The Great Crash." In 2001 Maury Klein authored "Rainbow’s End: The Crash of 1929."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)(HNPD, 10/29/98)(HN, 10/29/98)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 7/19/08, p.W6)

1929        Oct 30, Joan Ganz Cooney, founder (Children's Television Workshop), was born.
    (MC, 10/30/01)

1929        Oct, US Attorney General William Mitchell announced plans to crack down on big business mergers and cartels. Suits were soon filed against Great Western Sugar, motion picture industry mergers, major oil companies, and the radio trust of RCA, Westinghouse and General Electric.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A8)
1929        Oct, The Battelle Memorial Institute, a research and development organization, opened its doors in Columbus, Ohio. It was founded on industrialist-turned-researcher Gordon Battelle’s vision that business and scientific interests can go hand-in-hand as forces for positive change.

1929        Nov 1, Afghan emir Habibullah Kalakani (b.1891), popularly known as "Bache Saqaw," was executed by firing squad along with his brother and 10 other rebel leaders.

1929        Nov 2, Richard Taylor, Nobel Prize-winning physicist, was born. He proved the existence of quarks.
    (HN, 11/2/00)

1929        Nov 6, The DJIA dropped 9.9%
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)

1929        Nov 7, Benny Andersen, Danish writer, poet and jazz musician, was born.
    (HN, 11/7/00)
1929        Nov 7, The Museum of Modern Art in New York City opened to the public.
    (AP, 11/7/97)

1929        Nov 11, The Ambassador Bridge, linking Detroit, Michigan, to Windsor, Ontario, Canada, was completed and opened for traffic 4 days later. Financier Joseph Bower led the project which became the longest suspension bridge in the world, exceeding by 100 feet the Philadelphia-Camden Bridge completed in 1926.

1929        Nov 12, Grace Kelly, American actress and Princess of Monaco, was born.
    (HFA, ‘96, p. 42)(HN, 11/12/98)
1929        Nov 12, In NYC the cap was put on the framework of George Ohrstrom’s building at 40 Wall Street, establishing its height at 925 feet.
    (ON, 12/08, p.11)

1929        Nov 15, Edward Asner, actor (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Lou Grant), was born in Kansas City, Missouri.

1929        Nov 16, In NYC the Daily Building Report announced that the final height of the new Chrysler Building would be 1,046 feet.
    (ON, 12/08, p.11)

1929        Nov 18, Dr. Vladimir K. Zworykin demonstrated the "kinescope."
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1929        Nov 18, A large quake in Atlantic broke the Transatlantic cable in 28 places.
    (MC, 11/18/01)
1929        Nov 18, Stalin sent troops to Manchuria.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1929        Nov 20, Kenneth DeWitt Schermerhorn, conductor, was born in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 11/20/01)
1929        Nov 20, Salvador Dali held his 1st one-man show.
    (MC, 11/20/01)
1929        Nov 20, The radio program "The Rise of the Goldbergs" debuted on the NBC Blue Network.
    (AP, 11/20/97)

1929        Nov 21, Marilyn French, novelist and critic, was born. Her work includes "The Women's Room."
    (HN, 11/21/00)

1929        Nov 24, Georges Clemenceau (b.1841), French journalist and premier (1917-20), died. He is noted for the quote: “La guerre! C’est une chose trop grave pour la confier à des militaires."  (War is too serious a matter to entrust to military men).

1929        Nov 28, Berry Gordy, Jr., recording executive, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 11/28/00)
1929        Nov 28, Commander Richard E. Byrd embarked on the first South Pole flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)

1929        Nov 29, Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd radioed that he'd made the first airplane flight over the South Pole: "My calculations indicate that we have reached vicinity of South Pole." He was wrong [see 1888-1957, Byrd].
    (TMC, 1994, p.1929)(HFA, '96, p.42)(AP, 11/29/97)(NPub, 2002, p.12)

1929        Nov 30, Dick Clark (d.2012), rock-n-roll promoter, was born in Mount Vernon, NY.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.C5)
1929        Nov 30, Joan Ganz Cooney, television executive, was born in Phoenix, Az. She founded the Children's Television Workshop and was the mastermind behind "Sesame Street."

1929        Nov, Harvey S. Ladew (1887-1976) purchased Pleasant Valley Farm in Maryland for his personal fox hunting estate. He converted 22 acres of the grounds to the most outstanding topiary garden in the US.

1929        Dec 1, Dick Shawn, actor (Producers, Maid to Order, Angel), was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1929        Dec 1, Game of Bingo was invented by Edwin S. Lowe.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1929        Dec 2, 1st skull of Peking man was found 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien.
    (MC, 12/2/01)

1929        Dec 3, The Bethlehem Steel Co. announced that it will acquire the Pacific Coast Steel Co. of SF and its associated Southern California Iron and Steel Co.
    (SFC, 12/3/04, p.F8)

1929        Dec 5, The 1st US nudist organization, American League for Physical Culture, was began in NYC.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1929        Dec 6, Turkey introduced female suffrage.
    (MC, 12/6/01)

1929        Dec 11, John Jacob Raskob (1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced a 102-storey design for his Empire State Building.
    (http://outside.in/Manhattan_NY/tags/empire%20state%20building)(ON, 12/08, p.10)

1929        Dec 12, John Osbourne, playwright and film producer (Look Back in Anger), was born.
    (HN, 12/12/00)

1929        Dec 13, Christopher Plummer, actor (Sound of Music, Doll's House), was born in Toronto.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1929        Dec 18, Helene Delangle (1900-1984), French racing pioneer, became the fastest woman driver in the world, averaging 120.5 mph at Montlhery, France. In 2004 Miranda Seymour authored “The Bugatti Queen: In search of a Motor-Racing Legend."
    (Econ, 2/28/04, p.81)

1929        Dec 21, The 1st US group hospital insurance plan was offered in Dallas, Tx.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1929        Dec 22, Soviet troops left Manchuria after a truce was reached with the Chinese over the Eastern Railway dispute.
    (HN, 12/22/98)

1929        Dec 24, Mary Higgins Clark, author (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch), was born in Bronx, NY.
    (MC, 12/24/01)
1929        Dec 24, Stanford scientist J.H.C. Smith reported success in isolating sufficient amounts of carotene to determine its chemical structure. The plant pigment was discovered almost 100 years ago.
    (SFC, 12/24/04, p.F2)

1929        Dec 29, Indonesia police arrested Sukarno and 100s PNI-leaders.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1929        Dec 30, Cole Porter's musical "Wake Up & Dream," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1929        Dec 31, Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians played "Auld Lang Syne" as a New Year’s Eve song for the first time. Scottish poet Robert Burns is credited with writing the song, although a similar poem by Robert Ayton (1570-1638), not to mention even older folk songs, use the same phrase, and may well have inspired Burns. The literal translation means "old long since" which less literally meant "days gone by."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auld_Lang_Syne)(WSJ, 12/29/06, p.W10)
1929        Dec 31, The DJIA closed the decade at 248.48.
    (WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1929        Edward Albee, playwright, was born. In 1999 Mel Gussow authored the biography: "Edward Albee, A Singular Journey."
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, BR p.4)

1929        Arnold Palmer, golf star was born.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.2)

1929        Adrienne Rich, later feminist and lesbian poet, was born. In 1999 she won the $100,000 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Lannan Foundation. Her over 20 books included "The Dream of Common Language," "An Atlas of the Difficult World," and "Diving Into the Wreck."
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.B2)

1929        Elizabeth Eyre de Lanux designed a lacquered table with a Cubist-inspired base. It became part of a Robert Symes Art-Deco auction in 1989. She later revealed that it was "made as a caricature of Cubist sculpture."
    (SFC, 9/11/96, p.C2)

1929        Rene Magritte created his "La Trahison des images" (The Treachery of Images), an example of his "script paintings." He also created his painting "The Lovers," the image of a couple kissing with their heads wrapped in cloth. He wrote "An object is never so closely attached to its name that another cannot be found which suits it better.’
    (SFEM, 4/23/00, p.17)(SFC, 2/7/02, p.D12)

1929        Archibald J. Motley, Harlem Renaissance artist, painted "Blues."
    (SFEM, 2/1/98, p.16)

1929        Georgia O’Keeffe painted "Black Cross with Star and Blue."
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T5)

1929        Picasso painted "Large Nude in a Red Armchair."
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.99)

1929        The Buck Rogers comic was 1st introduced. A radio show followed from 1932-1947. Dick Calkins, co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67. In 1988 Lorraine Dille Williams authored "Buck Rogers: The First 60 Years in the 25th Century."
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.D8)(SFC, 4/13/05, p.G4)

1929        The "Tarzan" comic strip first showed up in newspapers.
    (SFC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.2)

1929        W.R. Burnett wrote the first gangster novel: "Little Caesar."
    (SFC, 3/7/98, p.E3)

1929        Stuart Chase authored “Men and Machines," in which he examined how machines were replacing human workers.
    (Econ, 11/13/04, Survey p.14)

1929        Jean Cocteau wrote his novel "Les Enfants Terribles" while in a sanatorium trying to shake his opium habit. He narrated the 1950 film version. In 1997 it was made into an opera by Philip Glass.
    (WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A16)(SFC, 10/12/97, DB p.40)

1929        Mignon G. Eberhart (1899-1996), mystery writer, wrote the first of her 59 books. Her 2nd book, "While the Patient Slept," won the 1930 Scotland Yard Prize.
    (SFEC, 10/9/96, C2)

1929        William Faulkner (32) published his novel “Sound and the Fury." It chronicled the decline of a genteel Mississippi family.
    (Econ, 5/23/15, p.74)

1929        Ortega y Gasset wrote "The Revolt of the Masses." In this book he characterized the European society of his time as dominated by a mediocre, uncultivated mass of individuals who had recently risen to power as a result of political and technological changes.

1929        Henry Green (1905-1973), English writer, authored “Living," a novel of working class factory life.
    (WSJ, 9/20/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Green)

1929        "A Farewell to Arms" by Ernest Hemingway was published.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.D8)

1929        Irene Nemirovsky (1903-1942), Russian-born French-Jewish writer, authored her high-finance novel “David Golder."
    (SSFC, 5/16/10, p.F5)

1929        Thomas Wolfe at 29 published his first novel "Look Homeward Angel." It was edited down by Maxwell Perkins of Scribners. In 2000 it was republished with 60,000 words restored under the original title "O Lost: A Story of the Buried Life."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1929)(SSFC, 12/3/00, Par p.22)

1929        Walter D. Edmonds (d.1998) wrote his play "Rome Haul." Henry Fonda starred in his first film in 1935 based on the play.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)

1929        Elmer Rice wrote his play "Street Scene," a drama of tenement life. In 1947 Kurt Weill wrote an opera based on the play.
    (WSJ, 11/4/96, p.A21)

1929        Agnes Smedley (1892-1950), American journalist and writer, authored her semi-autobiographical novel “Daughter of Earth." Smedley, an advocate for women, children, peasants and liberation for the oppressed, then moved to China and covered the civil war there.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_Smedley)

1929        British artist and surgeon Henry Tonks (1862-1937) authored a memoir describing artists who had studied under him at the Slade School of Art.
    (Econ, 6/22/13, p.86)

1929        The George Balanchine choreographed the ballet "The Prodigal Son." The décor was by Georges Rouault.
    (WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 12/8/04, p.D12)

1929        Aaron Copland completed his 2 year work "Symphonic Ode."
    (WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A20)

1929        The musical show "Sweet Adeline" was written by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein.
    (WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)

1929        Nick Lucas wrote his song "Tiptoe Through the Tulips."
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A4)

1929        Igor Stravinsky completed the concerto "Cappricio."
    (SFC, 6/19/99, p.B3)

1929        Avedis Zildjian III of Constantinople, moved the family cymbal business to Massachusetts. He took a suggestion from Jo Jones, drummer for Count Basie, and mounted cymbals on a pole creating the "hi-hat." Another idea from Gene Kruppa, drummer for Benny Goodman, led to a big cymbal with a lot of ping called a "ride."
    (WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)

1929        The Mormon Tabernacle Choir began to broadcast their Sunday morning show "Music and the Spoken Word" from the Salt Lake Tabernacle.
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.29)

1929        The Arizona Biltmore opened. It was designed by Albert McArthur and Frank Lloyd Wright. McArthur, an apprentice of Wright, was declared by Wright in 1930 as the architect of record.
    (SFEM, 4/19/98, p.24)

1929        Hangar 1, the first modern air terminal of LA was completed at Mines Field, now part of LAX.
    (Hem., 5/97, p.70)
1929        A golden altar that had been brought from Barcelona, Spain, and intended for the Los Angeles Cathedral was assembled from 396 pieces and installed into the chapel at Mission San Juan Capistrano.
    (HT, 3/97, p.58)
1929        The Wilshire Boulevard Temple in Los Angeles debuted as the cornerstone of the largest Jewish congregation west of Chicago. It was bankrolled in part by Louis B. Mayer, co-founder of MGM, Movie mogul Irving Thalberg, Carl Laemmle and the Warner brothers.
    (SFC, 6/5/13, p.E7)
1929        In San Francisco the 15-storey Hotel Adagio, designed by architect Douglas Stone, was built at 550 Geary.
    (SSFC, 7/14/13, p.C2)
1929        In San Francisco the 4-storey apartment building at 7700 Geary Blvd. was completed. It was designed by architect Herbert Baumann.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.C2)
1929        In San Francisco the 12-storey Gaylord Apartment building at 620 Jones St. was completed. It was designed by H.C. Baumann.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.C4)
1929        In SF the Shell Building was built at the 100 Bush and Battery. The 28-storey Gothic Moderne structure was designed by George Kelham.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.B3)
1929        The Academy of Advertising Art was founded in San Francisco by Richard S. Stephens. It grew to become the largest private art and design college in the US. By 2007 close to 10,000 students were enrolled. Stephens, art director for Sunset Magazine, founded the academy with his wife Clara and $2000. In 2004 it changed its name to the Academy of Art University.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.B2)(SFC, 10/22/99, p.C14)(SFC, 3/10/04, p.B2)(SFCM, 9/30/07, p.12)

1929        The Civic Opera House of Chicago was built as part of an office building so that business rents would support the art.
    (WSJ, 9/23/96, p.A18)

1929        Dr. Albert C. Barnes sold his business before the market crash. He had made a fortune developing and marketing Argyrol, an antiseptic. His art collection of Post-Impressionist and early modern art in America became the greatest private collection in America.
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.83)

1929        The 37-storey Daily News building, designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, opened on 42nd Street in Manhattan. It became a model for the fictional Daily Planet in Superman movies. The NY Daily News vacated the building in 1995.
    (WSJ, 8/29/07, p.B6)
1929        The Eisenberg Sandwich Shop opened in NYC.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)

1929        Syrian Muslims built the first mosque in America in Ross, North Dakota.
    (AH, 4/07, p.31)

1929        In Pennsylvania the Rodin Museum opened in Philadelphia. In 2012 it re-opened following a 3-year, $9 million restoration.
    (SFC, 7/13/12, p.A8)

1929        Robert Benchley (d.1945) began writing as theater critic for the New Yorker. He was fired by Harold Ross in 1940.
    (WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A13)

1929        The William Edgar Borah Outlawry of War Foundation was founded at the Univ. of Idaho.
    (AP, 5/17/08)

1929        Amelia Earhart and other female aviation pioneers founded the Ninety-Nines (a women’s pilot’s association). Only about 150 of the nation’s 9,800 licensed pilots were women. While the number of female pilots increased, it was stunted by a Depression-era society no longer tolerant of the feminist activism of the 1920s.
    (HNQ, 3/16/01)

1929        Charles Henri Ford (d.2002 at 94) founded "Blues: A Magazine of New Rhythms," while living at home in Columbus. He edited 8 issues.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A18)

1929        Hugo Gernsback coined the tern science fiction and used it in the 1st issue of his new magazine Science Wonder Stories.
    (ON, 11/05, p.12)

1929        Jenny R. Bramley (d.1997 at 87) became the first woman to receive a doctorate in physics in the US. Her patents included such devices as color-television tubes and early tubes used in computer terminals.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D8)

1929        Hall’s Food Mart was established as a family business in Wiggins, Miss.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A4)

1929        Keil Furniture of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, advertised a radio table with an Atwater Kent screen-grid radio for $179.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.G8)

1929        The game of beano involved dried beans and was first played in the US at an Atlanta carnival. It was based on an Italian game that dated back to 1530. In New York the name mutated to "Bingo" when Edwin Lowe, a toy salesman, took it there.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.A25)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.B5)

1929        The Harris family began the Cowtown Championship Rodeo in Pilesgrove, Salem County, New Jersey.
    (SFC, 8/31/98, p.A3)

1929        The Univ. of Mich. men’s baseball team under Fielding H. Yost (1871-1946) won 11 of 13 games on its first tour of Japan and brought back a Japanese suit of armor as an award from Meiji Univ.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.24)

1929        Lefty O’Doul hit .398 becoming the National League batting champ of the Philadelphia Phillies. He went on to manage the San Francisco Seals and in 1958 opened Lefty’s, a bar in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A9)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A2)

1929        The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching reported that the college sports establishment was "sodden" with commercialism and professionalism.
    (HNQ, 8/9/99)

1929        Stephen Vincent Benet won the Pulitzer Prize for his Civil War epic "John Brown’s Body." In 2002 the work was performed by inmates at San Quentin Prison under the direction of Joseph De Francesca.
    (SFC, 1/2/98, p.C20)(SFC, 11/19/02, p.D1)

1929        Frank Kellogg (b.1856), Secretary of State (1925-29), won the Nobel Peace Prize. He tried to outlaw war with the Kellogg-Briand Pact.
    (HN, 12/22/98)(AP, 10/9/09)

1929        In the wake of the stock market crash Andrew Mellon, treasury secretary under Pres. Hoover, preached a policy of liquidation to “purge the rottenness out of the system." This helped to plunge the economy into the Great Depression.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.46)

1929         After his appointment as Secretary of State by Herbert Hoover in 1929, Henry L. Stimson was quoted as saying, "Gentlemen do not read other‘s mail." Stimson had learned of the existence of the Black Chamber eavesdropping program and shut down the cryptographic service run by Herbert Yardley. Born in New York in 1867, Stimson served in the cabinets of four presidents as Secretary of War and Secretary of State. He died on October 20, 1950.
    (HN, 3/1/00)(Econ, 12/19/15, p.41)

1929        The Warsaw Convention set liability limits for lost baggage and catastrophes on international trips.
    (WSJ, 8/9/96, p.B6)(SFC, 5/3/01, p.A14)

1929        The US Congress renamed Maine’s Lafayette National Park to Acadia National Park.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, p.T6)

1929        An agreement entitled California to 4.4 million acre-feet per year from the Colorado River, most of it for agriculture. One acre-foot is 325,000 gallons.
    (SFC, 3/18/97, p.A15)

1929        The Ansonia Clock Co. of Ansonia, Conn., formed in 1850, was forced to close by the Depression.
    (SFC, 7/11/07, p.G4)

1929        In Delaware Louis R. Redding (d.1998 at 96) became the state’s first black lawyer and for 2 decades was the state’s only black lawyer.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A21)

1929        Ernest Van Tassel negotiates with Bishop Estate to obtain 100 acres of land in Keahoe Mauka for planting more than 7000 macadamia nut trees resulting in the first macadamia nut farm on the island of Hawaii.

1929        Sociologists Robert and Helen Lynd rechristened Muncie, Indiana, to “Middletown" in a study regarding it as representative of the American experience.
    (Econ, 9/10/11, p.35)

1929        Pack mules carried all the pieces for the High Rock Lookout in Gifford Pinchot National Forest in Washington state.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A4)

1929        Carl Panzram was sent to federal prison at Leavenworth, Kansas, for burglary. In prison he wrote his memoirs and described his past as a serial killer of 21 murders. In 1996 the film "Killer: A Journal of Murder" was released based on his story.
    (SFC, 9/6.96, p.C3)

1929        C.L. Grigg founded the 7Up soft drink company.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, WBb p.1)

1929        Clement Keys, a Wall Street investor, started an airline in China.
    (SFEM, 2/13/00, p.38)

1929        The Hearst Corp. launched Hearst Metrotone News, a newsreel production company.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1929        AT&T Bell Labs scientists invented the artificial larynx.
    (WSJ, 9/22/95, p.A-7)

1929        The Duesenberg J. Graber Convertible Victoria was custom built.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, p.D1)

1929        Neon lights first came to Las Vegas.
    (SSFC, 11/17/02, p.C12)

1929        The auto industry produced a record 4.5 million passenger cars.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1929        The Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village opened in Dearborn.
    (WSJ, 8/7/03, p.D10)

1929        RCA purchased the Victor Talking Machine Co.
    (SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.2)

1929         Ira C. Eaker and three other pilots set an endurance record for flying. Eaker set flying records in 1929 and 1936, became the commander of VIII Bomber Command and later the entire Eighth Air Force in World War II.
    (HNQ, 3/9/01)

1929        William Green developed the first automatic pilot used on an airliner.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)(www.spaceday.org/index.php/History-of-Flight-Timeline.html)

1929        Ernest Lawrence invented the cyclotron at UC Berkeley.

1929        Edwin Hubble made the landmark observation that wherever you look, distant galaxies are moving rapidly away from us. In other words the universe is expanding. He also showed that the red shift is directly proportional to the galaxy’s distance from us.
    (BHT, Hawking, p.8,39)

1929        Jaako Hintikka, a leading philosophical logician, developed a semantics for perception with two sets of qualifiers, a standard pair which ranges over physically individuated objects perceptually individuated over model sets.
     (WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A-5)

1929        Scientists isolated the hormone estrogen as a compound.
    (WSJ, 10/21/06, p.R3)

1929        US ranchers eradicated foot-and-mouth disease from their herds.
    (WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A39)

1929        The bonobo ape (aka pygmy chimpanzee) was officially distinguished from the chimpanzees. In 1997 Franz de Waal wrote "Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape."
    (NH, 5/97, p.22,25)

1929        A big forest fire burned Mount Tamalpais in California’s Marin county.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A17)

1929        Adolph Coors, founder of the Colorado based Coors Brewery, died. In 2000 Dan Baum authored "Citizen Coors: An American Dynasty."
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, BR p.4)

1929        Renzo De Felice, scholar and historian of Italy’s Fascist period, was born. He authored more than a dozen books on Fascism and Mussolini. His other books explored the political and economic history of Italy. He died May 25, 1996, in Rome.
    (SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)

1929        Joseph A. Leonard (b.1850), California architect, died. He designed homes in every style of the day. He created the Leonardville neighborhood in Alameda (1980-90s) and a residence park in the Ingleside Terraces of SF (1910s).
    (SFC, 4/10/04, p.F1)

1929        Chicago May (b.1871 as May Duignan), Irish-born showgirl, prostitute and thief, died. In 2005 Nuala O’Faolain authored “The Story of Chicago May."
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, F2)

1929        In Afghanistan Queen Soraya (1899-1968), wife of King Amanullah Khan, was forced into exile following the abdication of King Amanullah. Soraya Tarzi had a modern approach to women’s issues and refused to wear a veil.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soraya_Tarzi)(SFC, 5/28/15, p.A3)
1929        Mahmud Tarzi (1865-1933), one of Afghanistan's greatest intellectuals, sought asylum in Turkey after the fall of Amanullah Khan.

1929        Georges Remi (1907-1983), Belgian author and illustrator, created the cartoon character Tintin under the pseudonym Herge for the children’s supplement, Le Petit Vingtieme. Herge wanted to draw cartoons about the Wild West of America, but his publisher ordered that the new fictional reporter be sent to the soviet Union and then to Belgium’s colony in the Congo.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herg%C3%A9)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.98)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.82)

1929        Julio Antonio Mella, the founder of Cuba’s Communist Party, was assassinated in Mexico.
    (WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-10)

1929        In England the labor party emerged from the general election as the largest party in Parliament. It had been founded 3 decades earlier.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)

1929        The pilot of a Fokker C.IV crashed in Vancouver, Canada, during an attempt to fly nonstop from Seattle to Tokyo. The 1923 plane became a tourist attraction, then burned and ended up in Maine, where it was restored for the Owls Head Transportation Museum.
    (SFC, 9/13/07, p.E3)

1929        Sir Victor Sassoon, Shanghai financier, built a pyramid-topped hotel and office complex in the art-deco style, designed by Palmer and Turner and called: Sassoon House.
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 84)

1929        Friedrich Ritter and his lover Dore Strauch left their spouses in Germany to live on the uninhabited Floreana island in the Galapagos. Their letters home were leaked to the press and others soon followed. In 2014 the documentary film “The Galapagos Affair: Satan Comes to Eden" was produced.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.E7)

1929        Egypt and Great Britain made an agreement on behalf of Britain's African colonies which gave Egypt the right to most of the more than 100 billion cubic meters of Nile water that reaches the downstream countries annually.
    (AP, 4/14/10)

1929        The 1st int'l. festival of dance was held in Paris. Lucia Joyce (22), daughter of James Joyce, qualified as one of the 6 finalists. Her beau was Samuel Beckett. Lucia (d.1982) spent her last 30 years in a mental hospital in England. In 2003 Carol Loeb Shloss authored "Lucia Joyce: To Dance in the Wake."
    (SSFC, 12/21/03, p.M3)
1929        The French government of Leon Blum nationalized the defense industry, railways and the Bank of France in the wake of the stock market crash.
    (Econ, 3/25/06, p.71)

1929        The German dirigible Graf Zeppelin completed a trip around the world.
    (SFC,12/24/97, Z1 p.6)

1929        In Guyana the British created Kaieteur National Park, named after the Patamona chief whom legend holds canoed over an 822-foot precipice to appease the Great Spirit. In 1973 the size of the park was reduced to 19.4 square-km due to pressure to open up the area to allow mining. In 1999 an Act of Parliament expanded its boundaries to cover an area of 626.8 square-km, protecting the watershed and the integrity of the area from mining.
    (SSFC, 5/6/12, p.H3)(http://tinyurl.com/6ur7yp6)

1929        In Nagyrev, Hungary, some 40 men were poisoned by their wives or daughters-in-law with arsenic laced duck soup, tea and wine. 6 local women were sentenced to die, but only 2 were executed. The midwife ringleader, who extracted the arsenic from flypaper, committed suicide. The 2003 Hungarian film “Hiccup" was based on the poisonings.
    (WSJ, 5/20/04, p.A1)

1929        In India Karam Chand Thapar (1900-1962/3), founded what came to be known as the Thapar group of companies. In 2007 the group was rebranded as “Avantha" under the leadership of grandson Gautam Thapar.
    (www.hrfolks.com/knowledgebank/businesshouses.htm)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.68)

1929        Sir Ronald Stores was British governor of Jerusalem and insisted that all of the buildings of the city be built or faced with white Jerusalem stone.
    (SFC, 6/3/96, p.A19)

1929        In Italy sports driver Enzo Ferrari (1898-1988) founded his Ferrari motor car company. In 2015 Ferrari went public on the NYSE.
    (SFC, 10/22/15, p.C5)

1929        In Mali Seydou Keida [Keita], photographer, was born. He ran a successful studio from his home city of Bamako from 1945-1977. He later achieved int’l. acclaim. A book of his work was published in 1997 edited by Andre Magnin: "Seydou Keita."
    (SFC, 3/8/96, p.E1)(SFEC, 7/27/97, BR p.6)(WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A20)

1929        In Mexico the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) began ruling. It was initially called the Partido Nacional Revolucionario (PNR) and was cemented by Plutarco Elias Calles. The party was decreed into existence by the incumbent president to reconcile the violent, post-revolutionary factions.
    (SFC, 12/14/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A1)

1929        In Mexico William Spratling, an architecture professor from Tulane Univ. recruited goldsmiths to teach local men in Taxco and inspired a silver arts renaissance.
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, p.T7)

1929         In British-ruled Palestine a row over the Western Wall (Kotel) led to deadly anti-Jewish riots. There were 67 Jews massacred in Hebron and the survivors were forced to flee. Arab riots in Hebron killed dozens of Jews with guns and axes and destroyed the ancient Jewish quarter.
    (SFC, 1/10/96, p.A14)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A11)(Econ 5/20/17, SR p.6)

1929        Puerto Rico outlawed capital punishment. In 2005 it was among 12 US states and the District of Columbia that do not allow the death penalty.
    (AP, 1/25/05)

1929        Joze Plecnik, architect, added two foot bridges (Tromostovje) at the heart of the Slovenia’s capital, Ljubljana. He designed the city for pedestrians and put in colonnades, market places and loggias insisting that everyday enterprises deserved monumental surroundings.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, T-5,7)(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.C7)

1929        Joseph Stalin reset the Soviet calendar to give workers every 5th day off. Shifts were staggered so that factories could run without interruption. The staggered working week was abandoned after 3 years.
    (Econ, 5/21/05, p.80)
1929        Stalin began the liquidation of the kulaks, i.e. independent farmers.
1929        In Russia the Gorky Automobile Plant (GAZ) in Nizhny Novgorod was founded. Henry Ford was asked to help set up the Soviet car plant.
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.55)

1929        Tajikistan was created by Stalin to divide and rule the ethnic Muslim peoples of Central Asia.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)

1929        A group of historians found an amazing map drawn on a gazelle skin, which showed continents people had never seen before! The map accurately depicts longitude, something the Europeans were only capable. Research showed that it was a genuine document drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis, a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century. It was discovered in 1929 while Topkapi Palace was being converted into a museum.

1929        Rómulo Gallegos, Venezuelan novelist and Venezuela's first freely-elected president, authored Doña Bárbara. Mr. Danger, a long-standing figure in Venezuelan life, was a character in the work. It was republished many times. His government was brought down in a U.S.-backed 1948 military coup, ten months after he took office.

1929-1930    Louis Armstrong recorded "Vol.6 St. Louis Blues" on Columbia Legacy.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1929-1930    Julius Rosenwald (b.1862), builder of Sears Roebuck and a prominent philanthropist, wrote a series of articles in the Atlantic Monthly in Dec. ‘29, and Jan. ‘30 opposing the idea of charitable foundations established in perpetuity.
    (WSJ,11/24/95, p.A-8)

1929-1931    Gene Autrey (1908-), singer-guitarist, recorded a number of songs in the blue yodel style of Jimmy Rodgers. He went on to become a singing cowboy star in films and baseball team owner.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, DB p.49)

1929-1931    General Motors bought the Day-Fan Electric Co. of Dayton, Ohio, and formed the GM Radio Corp. with minority partners RCA, GE, and Westinghouse. The GMRC was liquidated following a government anti-trust suit.
    (SFC, 1/27/99, Z1 p.7)

1929-1932    American imports during this period fell by 40%, mainly due to falling demand related to the Depression. The Tariff Act of 1930 contributed perhaps 5% to the fall. 
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.97)
1929-1932    In Mongolia the Communists forced collectivization on the herders. The nomads slaughtered millions of head of livestock rather than turn them over.
    (NG, 5/93, p.136)

1929-1933    Herbert Hoover became the 31st President of the US. His vice-president was Charles Curtis of Kansas, the son of a Kaw tribeswoman.
    (A&IP, ESM, p.96b, photo)(SFC, 6/23/96, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A22)
1929-1933    In America 11,000 of 25,000 banks disappeared as the Federal Reserve allowed the money supply to contract sharply.
    (Econ, 4/29/17, p.58)

1929-1935    In the US a massive involuntary migration of Mexicans took place as hundreds of thousands of Mexicans were deported south on cattle cars.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1929-1939    Berenice Abbott spent ten years photographing New York City as it changed. She received funding from the WPA from 1935 to 1939 and selected 305 photos for the New Deal project. The complete work was compiled by Bonnie Yochelson and published in 1997: "Berenice Abbott" Changing New York."
    (WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A20)

1929-1945    In 1999 David M. Kenney published his 110 page history: "Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945."
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)

1929-1949    Georgia O’Keeffe used the Rancho de los Burros on Ghost Ranch in New Mexico as her summer home. The site abuts the Carson National Forest, rich in dinosaur bones. Ghost Ranch is now a conference center and 21,000 acre preserve owned by the Presbyterian Church. Her winter home was down the road in Abiquiu. Above Abiquiu is the Plaza Blanca, captured by O’Keeffe in her painting: From the White Place 1940. It is on land owned by the Dar Al Islam mosque, which owns 9,000 surrounding acres.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.T-6)

1929-1953    Some 18 million people were sent to the Gulag, the vast Soviet prison system that included labor and concentration camps. In 2003 Ann Applebaum authored "Gulag: A History."
    (SSFC, 4/27/03, M3)(NW, 4/28/03, p.13)

1929-1954    Cardinal Ildefenso Schuster was the archbishop of Milan. He was beatified by Pope Paul II on 5/12/96. The cardinal had supported fascism but later turned against it. He had supported Benito Mussolini and praised the regime when it invade Ethiopia.
    (SFC, 5/13/96, p.C-12)

1929-1970    Venezuela was the world's largest exporter of oil.

1929-1974     In North Carolina over 7,600 people were forcibly sterilized during this period. In 2011 Gov. Beverly Perdue created a 5-person task force to decide on compensation.
    (SFC, 1/11/12, p.A5)

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