Timeline 1924 - 1925

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1924        Jan 2, Simon & Schuster was originally setup in NYC by Richard L. Simon and M. Lincoln Schuster to publish crossword puzzles.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_%26_Schuster)(Econ., 11/28/20, p.59)

1924        Jan 3, Hank Stram football: coach, was born: Kansas City Chiefs: Super Bowls I, IV; sportscaster: CBS radio.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1924        Jan 3, Howard Carter opened the doors to the last shrine in the hall, revealing the large stone sarcophagus of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen. The next day Carter was photographed with Arthur Callender and an Egyptian workman in the Burial Chamber, looking through the open doors of the four gilded shrines, towards the quartzite sarcophagus tomb of Tutankhamun.

1924        Jan 9, Ford Motor Co. stock was valued at nearly $1 billion.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1924        Jan 9, Sun Yat-sen appealed to the U.S. to seek international pressure for peace in China.
    (HN, 1/9/98)

1924        Jan 16, Katy Jurado (d.2002), Mexican-US film actress, was born as Maria Cristina Jurado Garcia in Guadalajara.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A19)

1924        Jan 21, Benny Hill (d.1992), British comedian who hosted his own comedy show, was born in Southampton, England. [Some sources give 1925 as the birth year]
    (HN, 1/21/99)(www.nndb.com/people/883/000031790/)
1924        Jan 21, Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died at age 53 and a major struggle for power in the Soviet Union began. A triumvirate led by Joseph Stalin succeeded Lenin. By 1928, Stalin had assumed absolute power, ruling as an often brutal dictator until his death in 1953 of a brain hemorrhage. In 1998 Vladimir Brovkin published "Russia After Lenin." After the death of Lenin, Bukharin became a full member of the Politburo and opposed the policy of initiating rapid industrialization and collectivization in agriculture-a position shared by Stalin at the time. In 2000 Robert Service authored "Lenin."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1924)(AP, 1/21/98)(WSJ, 8/3/98, p.A12)(HNQ, 8/31/99)

1924        Jan 22, J.J. Johnson, composer, jazz trombonist, was born.
    (MC, 1/22/02)
1924        Jan 22, American Tobacco was re-instated as a component of the Dow Jones.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1924        Jan 24, The wedding of Alma Reed, a New York Times reporter, and Felipe Carrillo, governor of the Yucatan, was to have taken place in Merida. Carrillo was executed in Merida, a few days before the wedding, by hacienda owners angry over his planned reforms.
    (SSFC, 5/6/01, p.T6)
1924        Jan 24, The Russian city of Petrograd (formerly St. Petersburg) was renamed Leningrad in honor of the late revolutionary leader. It has since been re-named St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 1/24/99)

1924        Jan 25, The 1st Winter Olympic games opened in Chamonix, France.
    (http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-winter-olympics-begin-in-chamonix-france)(SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A19)

1924        Jan 26, Saad Zaghloul (1859-1927) began serving as PM of Egypt and continued to November 24, 1924.

1924        Jan 27, Lenin's body was laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.
    (HN, 1/27/99)

1924        Jan 29, An ice cream cone rolling machine was patented by Carl Taylor in Cleveland.
    (MC, 1/29/02)

1924        Feb 1, Soviet Union was formally recognized by Britain.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1924        Feb 3, Woodrow Wilson (68), the 28th president of the United States, died in Washington. The Woodrow Wilson Foundation in 1958 asked Prof. Arthur Link (1920-1998) of Northwestern Univ. to oversee the publication of Wilson’s papers. Link spent 35 years on the project and completed his 69th and final volume in 1983. Link also produced a 5-volume biography on Wilson. In 2013 A. Scott Berg authored the biography “Wilson."
    (AP, 2/3/97)(SFEC, 3/29/98, p.E7)(Econ, 9/7/13, p.83)

1924        Feb 4, The 1st Winter Olympic games closed at Chamonix, France.

1924        Feb 7, Mussolini government exchanged diplomats with USSR.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1924        Feb 8, The gas chamber was used for the first time to execute a murderer. Major D.A. Turner of the US Medical Corps used hydrocyanic gas on an alleged Chinese Tong member named Gee Jon at the Nevada State Prison in Carson City, Nev.
    (HN, 2/8/98)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.E4)(AP, 2/8/99)

1924        Feb 12, George Gershwin’s groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition "Rhapsody in Blue" premiered at Carnegie Hall with Gershwin himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman’s orchestra.
    (AP, 2/12/98)(HN, 2/12/01)(MC, 2/12/02)
1924        Feb 12, Women were banned from entering the tomb of Tutankhamun which leads to diplomatic problems with Great Britain and America. Carter wrote a pamphlet to document interference by authorities and leaves the excavation and locks the tomb. Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities, demands the keys and Carter refuses to give them up.

1924        Feb 14, Patricia Edwina Victoria Mountbatten, the 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, was born in London.
1924        Feb 14, Thomas J. Watson, general manager of Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR), renamed the firm International Business Machines (IBM).
    (http://tinyurl.com/b62t8)(HN, 2/14/98)

1924        Feb 17, Margaret Truman, pres. daughter, writer (Murder at FBI), singer, was born in Mo.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1924        Feb 20, Gloria Vanderbilt, fashion designer, was born. In 2004 she published her memoir “It Seemed Important At the Time."
    (HN, 2/20/98)(WSJ, 10/1/04, p.W7)
1924        Feb 20, Pierre Lacau, the French Director of Antiquities, was authorized by the Egyptian Cabinet to reopen the tomb of Tutankhamun and resume work. Howard Carter refuses its offer to continue his work under Egyptian control.
    (www.king-tut.org.uk/curse-of-king-tut/howard-carter-timeline.htm)(NG, May 1985, p.598)(SFC, 8/5/96, p.A10)

1924        Feb 21, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe president, was born in southern Rhodesia into the Zezeru sub-group of the Shona tribe.
    (www.afroamerica.net/RobertMugabe122001.html)(Econ, 1/15/05, p.44)

1924        Feb 22, Columbia University declared radio education a success.
    (HN, 2/22/98)
1924        Feb 22, Calvin Coolidge delivered the first presidential radio broadcast from the White House as he addressed the country over 42 stations.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

1924        Feb 23, Allan MacLeod Cormack, physicist, was born. He later developed the CAT scan.
    (HN, 2/23/01)

1924        Feb 24, Mahatma Gandhi was released from jail.
    (MC, 2/24/02)

1924        Feb 26, Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89), was born.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1924        Feb 26, U.S. steel industry finds claimed an eight-hour day increased efficiency and employee relations.
    (HN, 2/26/98)
1924        Feb 26, A trial against Hitler began in Munich.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1924        Feb 28, U.S. troops were sent to Honduras to protect American interests during an election conflict.
    (HN, 2/28/98)

1924        Feb 29, Al Rosen, baseball player, was born.
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A1)

1924        Mar 1, Emile Fradin (d.2010 at 103), French peasant, discovered an underground chamber containing ancient artifacts that were later dated anywhere from 300 BC to the 15th century. The field, called Duranthon, was later renamed the Champ des Morts (field of the Dead).
    (Econ, 3/13/10, p.89)
1924        Mar 1, Germany's prohibition of Communist Party (KPD) was lifted.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1924        Mar 3, Sean O'Casey's "Juno and the Paycock" premiered in Dublin.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1924        Mar 3, German and Turkish friendship and trade treaty was signed.
    (SC, 3/3/02)
1924        Mar 3, Kemal Ataturk forced the abolition of the Muslim caliphate through the protesting assembly and banned all Kurdish schools, publications and associations. This ended the Ottoman Empire and created the modern Middle East, though Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia were still colonies of Britain and France.
    (WSJ, 2/11/99, p.A24)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.A3)

1924        Mar 4, "Happy Birthday To You" was published by Claydon Sunny.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1924        Mar 5, Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp became IBM.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1924        Mar 6, Sarah Caldwell, conductor, opera director (Flagstaff), was born in Maryville, Mo.
    (MC, 3/6/02)
1924        Mar 6, William H. Webster, US judge, head FBI and CIA, was born.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1924        Mar 8, Coal mine explosion killed 171 at Castle Gate, Utah.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1924        Mar 10, The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a New York state law forbidding late-night work for women.
    (HN, 3/10/98)

1924        Mar 13, The Reichstag was dissolved for the fifth time in German history.
    (HN, 3/13/98)

1924        Mar 15, Sweden recognized the USSR
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1924        Mar 17, Four Douglas army aircraft left Los Angeles for an around the world flight.
    (HN, 3/17/98)

1924        Mar 19, U.S. troops were rushed to Tegucigalpa as the Honduran capital was taken by rebel forces.
    (HN, 3/19/98)
1924        Mar 19, Charles Villiers Stanford (71), Irish composer, author, died.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1924        Mar 20, The Virginia Legislature passed two closely related eugenics laws: SB 219, entitled "The Racial Integrity Act" and SB 281, "An ACT to provide for the sexual sterilization of inmates of State institutions in certain cases", henceforth referred to as "The Sterilization Act". The Racial Integrity Act (one drop law) required that a racial description of every person be recorded at birth, and felonized marriage between "white persons" and non-white persons. The law was the most famous ban on miscegenation in the US, and was overturned by the US Supreme Court in 1967, in Loving v. Virginia. Virginia repealed the sterilization in 1979. In 2001 the House of Delegates voted to express regret for the state’s selecting breeding policies that had forced sterilizations on some 8,000 people. The Senate soon followed suit.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racial_Integrity_Act_of_1924)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/15/01, p.C16)

1924        Mar 24, Greece became a republic.
    (HN, 3/24/98)

1924        Mar 25, Greece was made a republic and King George II (1890-1947) was deposed in favor of a non-royal government. King George was king from 1922-1923 and from 1935-1947.
    (HN, 3/24/98)(WUD, 1994, p.593)

1924        Mar 26, Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1924        Mar 28, At the request of French President Raymond Poincaré Col. Ernest Mercier with the support of ninety banks and companies founded Compagnie française des pétroles (CFP), later renamed Total.

1924        Mar 29, Charles Villiers Stanford (71), Irish composer, writer, died.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1924        Mar 30, In SF Sts. Peter and Paul Church was dedicated in North Beach on Washington Square. The original 1884 church, at the corner of Grant and Filbert, was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake.
    (SSFC, 5/17/09, DB p.50)(SFC, 11/22/14, p.C1)

1924        Mar 31, Leo Buscaglia, "Dr. Hug", psychologist (Love), was born in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1924         Mar, In Albania Zogu's party won elections for the National Assembly, but Zogu stepped down after a financial scandal and an assassination attempt.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1924        Apr 1, Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison for "Beer Hall Putsch." Gen Ludendorff was acquitted for leading the botched Nazi's "Beer Hall Putsch" in the German state of Bavaria
    (HN, 4/1/98)(MC, 4/1/02)
1924               Apr 1,  Imperial Airways was formed in Britain.

1924        Apr 3, Marlon Brando, actor (On the Waterfront, The Godfather), was born in Omaha, Neb.
    (HN, 4/3/01)(MC, 4/3/02)
1924        Apr 3, Murray Dickie, opera singer, director, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1924        Apr 3, Doris Von Kappelhoff [Doris Day], American singer and actress, was born in Cincinnati, Oh.
    (HN, 4/3/01)(MC, 4/3/02)

1924        Apr 20, Nina Foch (d.2008), film, theater and TV actress, was born in Leyden, Netherlands.  Her films later included “An American in Paris" (1951).
    (SFC, 12/13/08, p.A5)

1924        Apr 6, Four open-cockpit biplanes took off from Seattle for a round the world flight. Two of the planes made it back. They flew 26,000 miles in 363 hours over a 175 days at an average speed of 77 mph. The US Congress had to approve the financing and the airplanes were built by Douglas Aircraft. [see May 3, 1923]
    (Hem., 2/96, p.43)(HN, 4/6/98)
1924        Apr 6, Italy fascists received 65% of vote of parliament.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1924        Apr 10, David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1924        Apr 11, WLS-AM in Chicago IL began radio transmissions.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1924        Apr 13, Stanley Donen, film director, producer (Bedazzled, Damn Yankees), was born in SC.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1924        Apr 14, Louis Henri Sullivan (67), Chicago architect (Wainwright building St Louis), died. He wrote an autobiography entitled "The Autobiography of an Idea." "Imagination is the greatest of man’s single working powers - and the trickiest; as the intellect is the frailest, the most subject to derangement, the most given to cowardice and betrayal, unless it be held steady and sane by the power of instinct."
    (Hem., 7/95, p.82)(MC, 4/14/02)

1924        Apr 16, Henry Mancini, composer and conductor of such songs as "Moon River."
    (HN, 4/16/99)

1924        Apr 18, Henry J. Hyde, (Rep-R-IL), was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1924        Apr 19, The "National Barn Dance" premiered on WLS in Chicago.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1924        Apr 20, Nina Foch, actress (American in Paris), was born in Leiden, Netherlands.
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1924        Apr 21, Eleanora Duse (b.1858), Italian actress (La Gioconda, La Locandiera), died in Pittsburgh at age 64. In 2003 Helen Sheehy authored "Eleonora Duse: A Biography."
    (WSJ, 8/22/03, p.W10)(http://tinyurl.com/6x59r)

1924        Apr 23, Eugen Goldbeck shot his photo: "National Balloon Race."
    (SFC, 9/26/96, p.E1)
1924        Apr 23, The U.S. Senate passed a Soldiers Bonus Bill, but deferred payments to some 4 million veterans to 1945. Pres. Coolidge vetoed the bill, but Congress overrode him.
    (HN, 4/23/99)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.B1)

1924        Apr 26, Teddy Edwards, tenor sax player, was born. He did "Me and My Lover."
    (440 Int’l. Internet, 4/26/97, p.1)
1924        Apr 26, House Joint Resolution No. 184, The child labor amendment to prohibit the labor of persons under 18 years of age, was adopted by the US House of Representatives, with a vote of 297 yeas, 69 nays, 2 "present" and 64 not voting. It was then adopted by the Senate on June 2, 1924, with a vote of 61 yeas, 23 nays and 12 not voting. With that, the proposed constitutional amendment was submitted to the state legislatures for ratification pursuant to Article V of the Constitution. It was never ratified and in 2007 was still technically pending.

1924        Apr 29, Open revolt broke out in Santa Clara, Cuba.
    (HN, 4/29/98)

1924        Apr 30, Sheldon Harnick, lyricist (Fiorello, Fiddler on the Roof), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1924        May 1, Terry Southern, novelist and screenwriter (Candy, The Magic Christian, Dr. Strangelove, Easy Rider), was born.
    (HN, 5/1/01)(MC, 5/1/02)

1924        May 2, Theodore Bikel, Austrian-US folk singer, actor (Russians Are Coming), was born.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1924        May 4, The summer Olympics opened in Paris. The French rugby team beat the Rumanians 61-3.
    (Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1924_Summer_Olympics)
1924        May 4, Fascists and communists gained power in the German Republic elections.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1924        May 5, Kate Claxton (b.1850), NYC theater actress, died.
    (SFC, 7/11/07, p.G4)(www.amazon.imdb.com/name/nm1590986/bio)

1924        May 8, Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231," premiered.
    (MC, 5/8/02)
1924        May 8, Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno (b.1859) began serving his 2nd term as president of Costa Rica. In 1928 he was succeeded by Cleto Gonzalez Viquez.

1924        May 10, J. Edgar Hoover was appointed head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation at age 29.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1924)(AP, 5/10/97)(HN, 5/10/98)

1924        May 12, Russian-American poet Alexander Esenin-Volpin was born in Leningrad. A notable dissident, political prisoner and a leader of the Soviet human rights movement, he spent total of fourteen years incarcerated and repressed by the Soviet authorities in prisons, psikhushkas and exile.

1924        May 16, Frank F. Mankiewicz, columnist (Perfectly Clear), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1924        May 17, In Santa Cruz, Ca., the Giant Dipper roller coaster opened to the public. It was built by local resident Arthur Looff. It cost $50,000 and took 47 days to construct. It was declared a Historic Landmark in 1987.
    (CG, #205, 1991)(SFEC, 3/14/99, DB p.71)

1924        May 18, At the Olympics in Paris the American rugby team beat the French 17-3. Only France, Rumania and America fielded rugby teams. Rugby was dismissed from the Olympics after rival fans rioted following the American upset victory.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A6)(Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)

1924        May 21, Bobby Franks (14) was murdered in a "thrill killing" committed by Nathan Leopold Jr. (19) and Richard Loeb (18), two rich college kids of the University of Chicago. The meticulously planned crime might never have been solved had Leopold's unique eyeglasses not been found near Franks' body. They were defended by Clarence Darrow, who pleaded his clients guilty in order to keep the case from a jury. Richard Loeb was a cousin of Bobby Franks. The sensational two-month trial generated an outcry in favor of execution, but Judge John Caverly sentenced the two to life imprisonment. Loeb was killed in a prison fight in 1936. Leopold, with the support of Prosecutor Crowe, was released from prison in 1958 and died of a heart attack in 1971. In 1956 Meyer Levin authored “Compulsion," an account of the case. A play dramatizing the case was written in 1995 by John Logan. In 2008 Simon Baatz authored “For the Thrill of It: Leopold, Loeb, and the Murder That Shocked Chicago."
    (AP, 5/21/97)(WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A-12)(AP, 5/21/97)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)(WSJ, 8/8/08, p.W8)

1924        May 25, Theodore Morse (51), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1924        May 26, President Coolidge signed an Immigration-restriction law based on eugenic principles.
    (www.historicaldocuments.com/ImmigrationActof1924.htm)(WSJ, 2/28/06, p.D8)
1924        May 26, The US Immigration Act of 1924 (aka Johnson–Reed Act) prevented any further Japanese immigration to the US for the next four decades.  It included the National Origins Act and the Asian Exclusion Act which  prohibited the immigration of Arabs, East Asians, and Indians.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration_Act_of_1924)(SFC, 8/23/14, p.C2)
1924        May 26, Victor Herbert (65), Irish-US cellist, composer ("Babes in Toyland," "Eileen," "The Red Mill") conductor, died.
    (MC, 5/26/02)
1924        May 26, German government of Marx resigned.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1924        May 29, Pierre-Paul Cambon French diplomat (Madrid/London), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1924        May 30, The Rivoli Theater in Manhattan opened with a new air-conditioning system developed by Willis Carrier. This followed 3 successful installation in Texas.
    (ON, 8/07, p.11)

1924        May, Benjamin Spock, a Yale medical student, won a gold medal as part of the men’s 8-man rowing team in the Paris Olympics.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A6)
1924        May, Helen Wills and Vincent Richards swept all 5 tennis titles. Tennis was dropped from the Olympic Games after 1924 because the best players had turned pro.
    (SFC, 2/5/00, p.B3)(Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)
1924        May, Johnny Weissmuller (19) won gold in the 100-meter swimming event.
    (Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)
1924        May, Gertrude Ederle won a gold medal the summer Olympics in Paris as a member of the US 400-meter relay team.
    (ON, 2/10, p.4)
1924        May, The US dominated the summer Olympics in Paris and Finland ranked a distant 2nd.
    (Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)

1924        Jun 2, Congress granted U.S. citizenship to all American Indians. The Snyder Act granted full citizenship to all Native Americans born in the U.S.
    (AP, 6/2/97)(HN, 6/2/98)(HNQ, 3/1/99)

1924        Jun 3, The US Forest Service designated 750,000 acres of the Gila National Forest in New Mexico as the Gila Wilderness, America’s first wilderness area. The Forest Service extended itself in a conservation direction promoted by Aldo Leopold, Arthur Carhart, and other agency staff.
1924        Jun 3, Franz Kafka (b.1883), Czech writer, died. He was born in Prague and authored "The Castle" and "The Trial," both published after his death. Kafka had requested that his papers be burned after his death, but his friend, Max Brod, kept them and carried them to Tel Aviv when he fled Prague in 1939. Brod died in 1968 and left his personal secretary, Esther Hoffe, in charge of his literary estate and instructed her to transfer the Kafka papers to an academic institution. A critical German edition of The Castle was published in 1982 and an English translation of that edition came out in 1998. In 1927 Max Brod edited Kafka’s unfinished manuscript called "The Man Who Disappeared" and published it as "Amerika." In 2005 Roberto Calasso authored “K," a contemporary evaluation of Kafka’s work. In 2010 more of Kafka’s unfinished work emerged from safety deposit boxes in Tel Aviv and Zurich, Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 10/10/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/5/98, BR p.11)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M4)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/18/08, p.A12)(AP, 7/21/10)

1924        Jun 6, The German Reichstag accepted the Dawes Plan, an American plan to help Germany pay off its war debts.
    (HN, 6/6/98)

1924        Jun 7, Dolores Gray, singer, actress (Designing Woman, Kismet), was born in Chicago.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1924        Jun 8, George Mallory (38), a British schoolteacher, and Andrew Irvine (28), a student at Cambridge, attempted to reach the top of Mount Everest from their camp at 26,800 feet. The body of Mallory was found May 1, 1999 on a ledge at 27,000 feet. Irvine’s body was not found. Two books were published in 1999 that used parallel narratives for the 2 expeditions: "The Lost Explorer" by Conrad Anker and David Roberts, and "Ghosts of Everest" by Jochen Hemmleb, Larry A. Johnson and Eric R. Simonson (as told to William E. Northdurft). In 2012 Wade Davis won Britain’s leading nonfiction book prize for “Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory and the Conquest of Everest."
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/16/99, p.W10)(SFC, 11/14/12, p.F3)

1924        Jun 9, "Jelly-Roll Blues," was recorded by blues great, Jelly Roll Morton.
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1924        Jun 10, The Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti was kidnapped and assassinated by Fascists in Rome.
    (HN, 6/10/98)

1924        Jun 12, George H.W. Bush (d.2018), the forty-first US President, was born in Milton, Mass. He sent the US Armed Forces to defeat Iraq in the Persian Gulf War.
    (SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)

1924        Jun 15, J. Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI. [see May 10]
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1924        Jun 17, The Fascist militia marched into Rome.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1924        Jun 20, Chet Atkins, guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/01)
1924        Jun 20, Audie Murphy was born in Kingston, Tx. He became the most decorated American soldier of World War II who went on to make movies and write a book about his war experiences called "To Hell and Back."
    (HN, 6/20/98)(MC, 6/20/02)

1924        Jun 23, Lt. Russell Maugham flew from New York to San Francisco in his 3rd attempt at a dawn to dusk traverse of the continent.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W7)
1924        Jun 23, Cecil [James] Sharp (64), English folk musician, died.
    (MC, 6/23/02)

1924        Jun 24, The Democrats began their convention in New York’s Madison Square Garden. They were lured there by newspaper mogul Herbert Bayard Swope’s fundraising offer of $205,000. US Democrats offered Mrs. Lena Jones Springs (d.1942) for vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job, for her party work in South Carolina.
    (HN, 6/27/98)(SFC, 1/31/07, p.G6)
1924        Jun 24, The US political conventions were first broadcast nationally by radio. The democrats settled on John W. Davis after 103 ballots. He was then defeated soundly by Calvin Coolidge.
    (WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A11)
1924        Jul 24, Palmer Cox (b.1840), Canadian artist and writer, died. He wrote and illustrated children’s stories about brownies, little elves from Scottish folklore. 2 dozen of his stories were collected and published in 1887 as “The Brownies: Their Book." His characters inspired the name for a Kodak camera and for young girl scouts.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.G2)(http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/cox_p/cox_p.html)

1924        Jun 26, After eight years of occupation, American troops left the Dominican Republic.
    (HN, 6/26/98)

1924        Jun 28, A tornado struck Sandusky & Lorain, Ohio, killing 93.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1924        Jul 1, A regular transcontinental airmail service formed between NYC and SF.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1924        Jul 2, The 1st day of transcontinental airmail service brought news to SF mailed from New York after 34 hours and 45 minutes.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W7)

1924        Jul 5, Janos Starker, cellist (Chic Symph 1953-58), was born in Budapest, Hungary.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1924        Jul 10, Denmark took Greenland as Norway ended its claim.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1924        Jul 11, After 103 roll calls the Democrats bypassed New York governor Alfred E. Smith and William G. McAdoo of California and nominated John W. Davis of West Virginia and Charles Bryan, brother of William Jennings, to run against Calvin Coolidge. The Democrats won just 29% of the popular vote in a 3-way race with Coolidge and Senator Robert "Fighting Bob" LaFolette of Wisconsin who led the Progressive Party.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.87)

1924        Jul 13, Alfred Marshall (b.1842), a founding father of modern economics, died in Cambridge, England. His book, “Principles of Economics" (1890), was the dominant economic textbook in England for many years. He described economics as “the study of men as they live and move and think in the ordinary business of life." He was the first to lay out the wider costs of human behavior, called externalities and internalities.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, SR p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Marshall)(Econ, 3/12/15, p.72)(Econ, 8/19/17, p.58)

1924        Jul 21, Don Knotts (d.2006), later film and TV star (The Andy Griffith Show, Matlock, Three’s Company), was born in Morgantown, West Virginia.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.B7)

1924        Jul 25, Frank Church, Sen-D-Id, was born in Boise.
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1924        Jul 25, Estelle Getty, actress (Sophia Petrillo-Golden Girls), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 7/25/02)
1924        Jul 25, Greece announced the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.
    (HN, 7/25/98)

1924        Jul 27, The summer Olympics closed in Paris.
1924        Jul 27, Ferruccio Dante Michelangelo Benvenuto Busoni (58), composer, died. He left unfinished his opera "Doktor Faust," which was finished in 1982 by Antony Beaumont. The opera was based on work by Christopher Marlowe and puppet plays that preceded the Goethe treatment.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.E2)(WSJ, 9/2/99, p.A12)(MC, 7/27/02)

1924        Jul 30, William H. Gass, writer (Omensetter's Luck), was born.
    (HN, 7/30/01)

1924        Jul, In Albania a peasant-backed insurgency won control of Tirana; Fan S. Noli became Prime Minister; Zogu fled to Yugoslavia.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1924        Aug 2, James Baldwin (d.1987), writer, was born. His books included "The Fire the Next Time," "Go Tell it on the Mountain" and "Notes of a Native Son." His quotes include: "People are trapped in history and history is trapped in them." "The price one pays for pursuing any profession, or calling, is an intimate knowledge of its ugly side."
    (AP, 3/1/98)(AP, 12/18/98)(HN, 8/2/02)
1924        Aug 2, Carroll O'Connor (d.2001), actor (All in the Family, Heat of the  Night), was born in NYC. His youngest brother Robert was born Aug 1, 1935.
    (www.bookrags.com/biography-carroll-oconnor/)(e-mail from Robert)

1924        Aug 3, Leon Uris, writer, was born. His works included "Battle Cry" and "Exodus."
    (HN, 8/3/00)
1924        Aug 3, Joseph Conrad (b.1857), Ukraine-born and Poland-raised novelist (Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski), died in England. In 2008 Jim Stape authored “The Several Lives of Joseph Conrad."

1924        Aug 5, The comic strip "Little Orphan Annie" by Harold Gray (d.1968) made its debut in the NY Daily News. Daddy Warbucks was her millionaire guardian. Leonard Starr took over the strip in 1979. Her image was updated in 2000 by cartoonist Andrew Pepoy. [see Oct 5]
    (AP, 8/5/97)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)(SFC, 6/12/00, p.A2)
1924        Aug 5, The San Francisco Bay Area town of Colma was incorporated under the name “Lawndale." The name was changed in December, 1941, as the US Post Office declared that there was another Lawndale in California.

1924        Aug 14, Georges Pretre, conductor (NY Met), was born in Waziers, France.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1924        Aug 15, Robert Oxton Bolt, English screenwriter and playwright, was born. He is best known for "A Man for all Seasons."
    (HN, 8/15/00)(MC, 8/15/02)

1924        Aug 16, Conference about German recovery payments opened in London.
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1924        Aug 25,  An international maritime treaty was drawn.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1924        Aug 29, Dinah Washington (d.1963), singer, was born as Ruth Jones in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. She was known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues."
    (HN, 8/29/00)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M1)

1924        Sep 2, The Rudolf Friml operetta "Rose Marie" opened on Broadway and ran for 558 performances. Producer Arthur Hammerstein ordered that it be written for singer Mary Ellis (1897-2003).
    (AP, 9/2/99)(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)

1924        Sep 3, "What Price Glory?", written by Maxwell Anderson and Lawrence Stallings premiered in NYC. It was turned into a film in 1926 and again in 1952.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=9568)(SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1924        Sep 6, Forty teenagers from Armenia, who had escaped from the Armenian genocide in Turkey, arrived in Addis Ababa. Emp. Haile Selassie had invited the band after hearing them in Jerusalem. The band along with bandleader Kevork Nalbandian became the first official orchestra of Ethiopia. Nalbandian composed the music for Ethiopia’s Imperial National Anthem, Marsh Teferi (words by Yoftahé Negusé), official from 1930 to 1974.
    (www.armeniapedia.org/index.php?title=Arba_Lijoch)(Econ., 1/2/21, p.61)

1924        Sep 7, Daniel Ken Inouye, (Sen-D Hawaii, 1963- ), was born.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1924        Sep 10, Leopold and Loeb were found guilty of deliberate, casual murder in Chicago.
    (MC, 9/10/01)
1924        Sep 10, Architect Willis Polk (b.1867) died. He had designed the Filoli estate on the Peninsula and the glass-fronted Hallidie Building on Sutter St. The Filoli House, an elegant Georgian house west of Redwood City, was built by mining millionaire William Bourn.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willis_Polk)

1924        Sep 11, Tom Landry, coach of the Dallas Cowboys professional football team, who won two Super Bowls, was born.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1924        Sep 13, Maurice Jarre, composer (Dr. Zhivago-Acad Award 1966), was born in Lyons, France.
    (MC, 9/13/01)

1924        Sep 24, Boston, Massachusetts, opened its airport.
    (MC, 9/24/01)

1924        Sep 25, Charlotte Mignon (Lotta) Crabtree (b.1847), the red-headed vaudeville dancer known as the "California Girl," died in Boston.  Her life story was filmed as Golden Girl (1951), starring Mitzi Gaynor.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotta_Crabtree)

1924        Sep 27, Bud Powell, jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 9/27/00)

1924        Sep 28, Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor, was born. His films included "La Dolce Vita" and "8 ½."
    (HN, 9/28/00)
1924        Sep 28, Two US Army planes landed in Seattle, Wash., having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days. Three U.S. Army aircraft arrived in Seattle, Washington, after completing a 22 day round-the-world flight.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(HN, 9/28/98)

1924        Sep 30, Truman Capote, author and playwright whose works include "Breakfast at Tiffany's" and "In Cold Blood," was born in New Orleans, La.
    (HN, 9/30/98)(MC, 9/30/01)
1924        Sep 30, Allies stopped checking on the German navy.
    (MC, 9/30/01)

1924        Oct 1, Jimmy Carter (James Earl), 39th president of the U.S. (1977-1981), was born in Plains, Georgia.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  Z3 p.3)(HN, 10/1/98)(MC, 10/1/01)
1924        Oct 1, William Rehnquist was born in Milwaukee. He served as Supreme Court Justice (1972-86) and US Chief Justice  (1987- ).
    (USAT, 1/7/99, p.2A)(MC, 10/1/01)
1924        Oct 1, Paavo Nurmi ran a world record 4 mile (19:15.4) and 5 miles (24:06.2).
    (MC, 10/1/01)

1924        Oct 5, 1st Little Orphan Annie strip appeared in NYC Daily News. [see Aug 5, 1924]
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1924        Oct 10, James Clavell, novelist, was born. His books included "Shogun" and "Noble House."
    (HN, 10/10/00)
1924        Oct 10, Edward D. Wood Jr, director (Plan 9 from Outer Space), was born in Poughkeepsie, NY.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1924        Oct 12, Anatole France, French satiric master (Penguin Island, Revolt of the Angels, Thais), died at 80. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1920. 
    (MC, 10/12/01)

1924        Oct 15, Lee A. Iacocca, CEO (Chrysler Corp), was born.
    (MC, 10/15/01)
1924        Oct 15, Pres Coolidge declared the Statue of Liberty a national monument.
    (MC, 10/15/01)
1924        Oct 15, German ZR-3 flew 5000 miles, the furthest Zeppelin flight to date.
    (HN, 10/15/98)

1924        Oct 18, Notre Dame beat Army 13-7. The NY Herald Tribune dubbed the backfield "The Four Horsemen."
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1924        Oct 20, Baseball’s first "colored World Series" was held in Kansas City, Mo.
    (HN, 10/20/98)

1924        Oct 24, Nobel prize for physiology and medicine was awarded to W. Einthoven.
    (MC, 10/24/01)
1924        Oct 24, Christian Gen. Feng Joe Siang occupied Beijing.
    (MC, 10/24/01)

1924        Oct, The SF Chronicle moved to its new building at Fifth and Mission. This replaced the 1890 de Young building at Kearny and Market.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)(SFC, 1/17/09, p.E1)
1924        Oct, D.P. Davis put up 2 island developments for sale near Tampa, Florida. The entire 875 acres, much of it still under water, sold out for $18 million.
    (WSJ, 8/3/05, p.B1)
1924        Oct, Anton Flettner (1885-1961), German aerospace engineer, demonstrated his Flettner rotor, a rotating cylinder placed on a ship to extract energy from the wind using the Magnus effect.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotor_ship)    (Econ, 4/9/15, p.80)
1924        Oct, The Kingdom of the Hijaz (later Saudi Arabia) was short lived with King Hussain abdicating in favor of his son Ali. Hussain was exiled to Cyprus, eventually dying in Amman in 1930. Ali himself departed the Hijaz in December 1925.

1924        Nov 1, Victoria de los Angeles, soprano (Mimi-La Boheme), was born in Spain.
    (MC, 11/1/01)
1924          Nov 1, Bill Tilghman (b.1854), legendary Oklahoma marshal, was gunned down by a drunk in Cromwell, Oklahoma, while trying to arrest Wiley Lynn, a corrupt prohibition officer.
    (HN, 11/1/98)(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAtilghman.htm)

1924        Nov 2, Sunday Express published the 1st British crossword puzzle.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1924        Nov 4, Calvin Coolidge was elected 30th president on a platform of pro-business policies.
    (HN, 11/4/98)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)
1924        Nov 4, Nellie T. Ross was elected the governor of Wyoming; she was to serve the remaining term of William B. Ross, her husband who died in office in October 1924. Ross took office on Jan 5 1925, 15 days before Miriam Ferguson, who was elected governor in Texas.
    (http://wyoarchives.state.wy.us/articles/rossbio.htm)(AP, 11/4/97)
1924        Nov 4, Miriam Ferguson was elected governor in Texas. She began office Jan 20, 1925, as the nation’s 2nd woman governor, 15 days after Nellie T. Ross in Wyoming.
1924        Nov 4, Gabriel Faure (b.1845), French composer, organist, pianist, and teacher, died in Paris. He was the foremost French composer of his generation. His musical style influenced many 20th century composers.

1924        Nov 9, Robert Frank, photographer, was born.
    (HN, 11/9/00)

1924        Nov 11, The California Palace of the Legion of Honor, dedicated on Armistice Day, opened in Lincoln Park. It was constructed to resemble the Hotel de Salm in Paris. The Parisian Hotel was used by Napoleon as headquarters for his Legion d'Honneur. After the 1987 earthquake it was closed for renovation. It opened in 1995 after three years work and $37 mil. It was originally given to the City by Alma Spreckels, the wife of a local sugar baron, as a World War I  memorial. She stocked it with her personal collection of more than 70 Rodin sculptures. Lincoln Park had been built over the old City Cemetery without removing bodies.
    (WSJ, 11/16/95, p.A-18)(SFEM, 11/7/99, p.4)(SFC, 4/14/18, p.C1)

1924        Nov 14, Leonid B. Kogan, violinist (Lenin Prize-1952), was born in Dnepropetrovsk, Russia.
    (MC, 11/14/01)

1924        Nov 22, Geraldine Page, actress, was born. She was well known for roles in Tennessee Williams' plays.
    (HN, 11//00)
1924        Nov 22, England ordered the Egyptians out of Sudan.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1924        Nov 23, The New York Times published news of Edwin Hubble’s discoveries of other galactic systems: “Spiral Nebulae Are Stellar Systems: Dr. Hubbell Confirms That They Are ‘Island Universes’ Similar to Our Own."
    (ON, 12/10, p.3)

1924        Nov 26, George Segal, sculptor, was born.
    (HN, 11/26/00)
1924        Nov 26, The Mongolian People’s Republic was officially proclaimed. Close political, economic, cultural, and ideological ties with the Soviet Union continued thereafter.

1924        Nov 27, In San Francisco the first Turkey Bowl high school football championship was played at the new Kezar Stadium.
    (SSFC, 6/28/15, p.D3)
1924        Nov 27, The 1st Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade was held in New York's Herald Square. It was billed as a “Christmas Parade".
    ( http://tinyurl.com/q5s5nzl)(Detroit Free Press, 11/27/19, p.2A)

1924        Nov 29, Italian composer Giacomo Puccini (b.1858) died in Brussels before he could complete his opera "Turandot." Franco Alfano finished it. His death marked the end of a 300-year tradition of Italian opera. In 2003 Mary Jane Phillips-Matz authored "Puccini."
    (AP, 11/29/97)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/11/03, p.W7)

1924        Nov 30, Shirley Chisholm (d.2004), first African-American congresswoman (1968), was born as Shirley St. Hill in NYC.
    (SFC, 1/3/05, p.A3)
1924        Nov 30, 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio from London to NYC.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1924        Nov, Stanley Baldwin (1867-1947) returned for a 2nd time as Britain’s PM and held office until 1929.

1924        Dec 1, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1924        Dec 3, John Backus, inventor (FORTRAN computer language), was born.
    (MC, 12/3/01)

1924        Dec 4, Frank Press, geophysicist, was born.
    (HN, 12/4/00)

1924        Dec 8, Composer Franz Xaver Scharwenka, German-Polish pianist, composer and teacher, died in Berlin.

1924        Dec 12, Edward I Koch, Mayor-D-NYC, 1977-89, judge on TV’s People's Court, was born in NYC.
    (MC, 12/12/01)

1924        Dec 15, Soviets warned the U.S. against repeated entry of ships into the territorial waters of the USSR.
    (HN, 12/15/98)

1924        Dec 20, Adolf Hitler was released from prison after serving less than one year of a five year sentence for treason.
    (HN, 12/20/98)

1924        Dec 25, Rod Serling (d.1975), writer and host (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery), was born in Syracuse, NY. He was also the author of "Requiem for a Heavyweight." He was remembered in the PBS production titled: "Submitted for Your Approval," first broadcast on 11/29/95.
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A-14)(Internet)

1924        Dec 29, Milton Berle (d.2002) at 16 made his debut at Loew’s State Theater in Times Square for $600 per week.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)

1924        Dec, Albert Einstein completed a manuscript that predicted that particles of gas near absolute zero will clump together in one larger mono-atom. The paper was published in 1925 in the proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. In 2001 the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Eric Cornell, Carl Wiemann and Wolfgang Ketterlie of the US for their 1995 discovery of the Bose-Einstein condensate, a new state of matter.
    (SSFC, 8/21/05, p.A3)
1924        Dec, Zogu, backed by Yugoslav army, returned to power and began to smother parliamentary democracy; Noli fled to Italy.
    (www, Albania, 1998)

1924        George Bellows painted "Dempsey and Firpo." The oil on canvas was later acquired by the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York with funds from Gertrude Vanderbilt.
    (WM, www,1999)

1924        Otto Dix did art with skulls crawling with maggots.
    (WSJ, 6/15/95, p.A-14)

1924        Arthur Dove made his thing "Rain," an assemblage of twigs and rubber cement on metal and glass.
    (WSJ, 3/6/98, p.A13)

1924        Nicolai Fechin (1881-1955) painted "Russian Singer with Fan." He moved to Taos, New Mexico, in 1926 and turned his home into a work of art now known as the Fechin Institute. He was born in Kazan, Russia and emigrated in 1923. He died on the West Coast.
    (HT, 5/97, p.50)

1924        Piet Mondrian began work on his diamond-shaped "Tablieu IV," and finished in 1925.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.E1)

1924        Matisse painted "Arabesque" and "Pianist with Checkers Players."
    (HT, 5/97, p.60)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.D11)

1924        Chaim Soutine painted "Still Life With Skate."
    (WSJ, 5/14/98, p.A20)

1924        George Kelly wrote his play "The Show-Off."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1924        Eugene O'Neill wrote his tragedy play "Desire Under the Elms."
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.E1)

1924        The spoof autobiography "Augustus Carp Esq." was published anonymously. It was written by Sir Henry Howarth Bashford.
    (WSJ, 7/6/01, p.W11)

1924        Andre Breton published his first Manifesto of Surrealism. Surreal work was done by artists such as Rene Magritte known for his "Le Sens des Realites" (a large potato-like rock floating in the sky).
    (WSJ, 8/1/95, p.A-9)(NH, 4/97, p.6)

1924        André Gide (1869-1953), French author, published "Corydon," a set of philosophical dialogues defending a certain kind of homosexual relations between men, and the novel "The Counterfeiters."
    (WSJ, 4/6/99, p.A24)(SFEC, 6/13/99, BR p.4)

1924        Anita Loos authored “Gentlemen Preferred Blondes."
    (WSJ, 4/10/09, p.W7)

1924        The character Caspar Milquetoast appeared in the comic strip “The Timid Soul" created by H.T. Webster. The term milquetoast became a description for a weak, ineffectual or bland person.

1924        Charles Norman (1904-1996), poet and biographer, published his first volume of verse: "The Far Harbor: A Sea Narrative."
    (SFC, 9/16/96, p.A15)

1924        Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian playwright, wrote "Play at the Castle." A version by P.G. Wodehouse was written the following year in English and called "The Play’s the Thing." A 1984 adaptation by Tom Stoppard was titled "Rough Crossing."
    (WSJ, 5/2/96, p.A-13)(WSJ, 8/15/97, p.A14)

1924        Karl Pearson published "The Life, Letters and Labours of Francis Galton."
    (MT, 10/94, p.8)

1924        E.M. Forster published his "Passage to India," described by M. McLuhan as a "dramatic study of the inability of oral and intuitive oriental culture to meet with the rational visual European patterns of experience."

1924        O.E. Rolvaag, Norwegian author, wrote "Giants in the Earth."
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.41)

1924        Konstantin Stanislavsky authored "My Life in Art."
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)

1924        The Ballet Russes performed “Les Noces" by Bronislava Nijinsky. The décor was by Nathalie Gontcharova.
    (WSJ, 12/8/04, p.D12)

1924        Noel Coward (1899-1973) wrote, directed and starred in “The Vortex," a play about drug abuse among the English upper classes.
    (Econ, 12/15/07, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noel_Coward)

1924        The film "Greed" starred Gibson Gowland and Zasu Pitts. It was made by Erich von Stroheim in San Francisco based on the novel "McTeague" by Frank Norris about a Polk Street dentist. The original 8-hour film was cut down to 140 minutes.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.D1)(SFEC, 2/7/99, DB p.61)(SFC, 2/24/00, p.A20)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.E8)

1924        George and Ira Gershwin produced their first Broadway musical "Lady, Be Good."
    (SFC, 12/4/96, p.E1)

1924        Peter Pan was ist produced as a Broadway musical with 2 songs by Jerome Kern.
    (USAT, 9/2/04, p.2D)

1924        The "Student Prince" by Romberg was produced.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A20)

1924        Janacek composed his opera "The Cunning Little Vixen."
    (WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A20)

1924        Emmerich Kalman composed his operetta "Countess Maritza."
    (WSJ, 7/24/95, p.A-10)

1924        Emmett Miller, a blackface performer, made his debut album. In 2001 Nick Tosches authored "Where Dead Voices Gather," a biography of Miller.
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, DB p.69)

1924        Eric Satie composed "Relache," his last work.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.32)

1924        The song "It Had to Be You" was composed by Isham Jones and Gus Kahn.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.D1)

1924        In Georgia the 600-room Biltmore Hotel in Atlanta opened. It was developed by William Candler, the youngest son of Coca Cola founder Asa Candler. It was designed in a neo-Georgian style by New York architect Leonard Schultze. It closed in 1982 and was planned for renovation as an office complex in 1998. It was listed on the National Registry of Historic Places.
    (WSJ, 2/4/98, p.B8)

1924        The phorid fly was first described in Maine. It became known to parasitize bumblebees and paper wasps. In 2011 it was found to parasitize honey bees.
    (SSFC, 3/25/12, p.N4)

1924        In Philadelphia, Pa., the 18-storey Philadelphia Inquirer building was completed as home for the Philadelphia Inquirer newspaper.
    (WSJ, 8/29/07, p.B1)

1924        Angell Hall at the Univ. of Michigan was completed with its distinguished 480-foot long facade and massive Doric columns. It was named after the University’s third president, James Burill Angell, whose tenure lasted 38 years.
    (LSA., Fall 1995, p.15)
1924        Brothers J.B., Frank and Herbert Book opened the Book-Cadillac Hotel in Detroit. It was the city’s tallest building and the tallest hotel in the world. In 1951 it was acquired by the Sheraton hotel corporation. It changes hands a number of more times before plummeting demand forced it to close in 1984. In 2007 a developer planned to re0open it as a 455-room Westin by fall of 2008.
    (WSJ, 6/1/07, p.A11)

1924        J.P. Morgan Jr. (1867-1943) established the Morgan Library as a public institution.
    (SFC, 2/15/97, p.D1,6)

1924        James B. Duke, a cigarette magnate, donated $40 million to Duke Univ.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A3)

1924        The San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH) opened the city’s first psychiatric ward.
    (SFC, 5/22/16, p.N11)
1924        In SF the Chinese Hospital was built in Chinatown at 835 Jackson. An addition was added next door in 1979. Expansion plans in 2012 called for the original building to be torn down and replaced by a new, $160 million, 7-storey facility.
    (SFC, 5/10/12, p.C1)
1924        In SF the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks built a 15-story, Gothic style lodge at 450 Post St.
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, p.C2)
1924        A three-dimensional relief map of California, as long as 2 football fields, was unveiled. The $147,000 work was constructed under the supervision of J.T. Edwards and 25 sculptors, engineers and geographers at the old Max Sennett silent movie studio near Echo Park, LA. It was later installed in the Ferry Building of San Francisco. In 1960 it went into storage. As of 2010 it was in 230 crates in a warehouse at the Port of SF.
    (SSFC, 10/3/10, p.C1)
1924        In San Francisco the 3-storey Leonard R. Flynn elementary school was built at 3125 Army Street (later Cesar Chavez St.). It was designed by John Galen Howard.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, p.C2)
1924        A new Federal Reserve building was built in the SF financial district.
    (SFC, 4/21/05, p.C1)
1924        In San Francisco Billy Newman (d.1984) opened Newman’s Gym on the ground floor of the Cadillac Hotel at Leavenworth and Eddy streets. In 1984 there was a move to designate the oldest boxing gym in the US as a historic landmark.
    (SSFC, 8/23/09, DB p.50)
1924        In SF, Ca., Kezar Stadium / Pavilion was constructed at 755 Stanyan St. next to Goldengate Park. In 2008 it was reported that an unusually high number of long-term workers at the pavilion had died of cancer.
    (SFC, 7/29/97, p.A7)(SSFC, 2/24/08, p.A10)
1924        In San Francisco Edward Cerruti Jr., an Italian immigrant, bought four pieces of property at 775 Lombard St. and built a pool on the lot calling it the Crystal Palace Salt Water Baths. He also built a dance on the 2nd floor. The pool became the training place for Olympic gold medalist Ann Curtis (1948).  In 1956 the pool closed due to damage from storms.
    (SFC, 1/6/06, p.F6)(SFC, 1/31/15, p.D1)
1924        In SF the Hibernia Bank at 1098 Valencia, designed by Bakewell & Brown, was built. The bank was later closed and the building was taken over for use by the Social Security Administration.
    (SSFC, 8/16/09, p.C2)
1924        In San Francisco the Hills Bros. coffee plant, designed by George Kelham, was built at 345 Spear. In 1986 the plant was converted to a block of offices topped by condominiums.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, p.D2)
1924        In San Francisco the Park Lane Apartments, designed by architect Edward E. Young, were built at 1100 Sacramento St. Three stories were added in 1929 making it 11 stories.
    (SSFC, 9/1/13, p.C2)
1924        The Dean Witter brokerage firm was founded in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 2/6/97, p.A1)
1924        Phebe Ward Bostwick (d.1997 at 88) of SF was admitted to Stanford at age 15 after being identified as "gifted" by Dr. Lewis Terman, developer of the Stanford-Binet intelligence test. After WW II she served as the principal of Galileo High School for 25 years and then director of master planning for the SF Community College District.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A21)
1924        In California 14 buffalo were brought to Catalina Island for the filming of the silent movie "The Vanishing American." In 2001 there were 350. In 2009 conservation officials began a birth control program and hoped to keep the herd down to 150-200 animals.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.E6)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A4)
1924        The last known native wolf in California was trapped and killed in Lassen County. In 2011 a wolf named OR7 entered northern California from Oregon. OR7 returned to Oregon but as of 2018 the wolf's progeny appeared to have settled in the state.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A9)(SFC, 5/9/18, p.D1)
1924        Frederic Burk, president of SF State Normal School, died.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)

1924        A retired Episcopal Bishop was tried and defrocked for declaring that communism was more relevant than Christianity.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-11)

1924        The Simon & Schuster Publishing firm was begun with the publication of a little book of cross-word puzzles.
    (SFEC, 9/7/97, Z1 p.5)

1924        The Giant Dipper roller coaster opened in Santa Cruz, Ca.
    (SFC, 9/22/96, DB p.27)

1924        Lionel Steinberger put a slice of cheese on a hamburger in Pasadena. It was the first recorded cheeseburger.
    (SFEC, 6/14/98, Z1 p.8)

1924        Red Grange, football player from the Univ. of Illinois, led his team to victory against the Univ. of Michigan by scoring 5 touchdowns in the first half of the game.
    (LSA, Spg/97, p.25)

1924        The Teapot Dome Scandal came to a head. Of the three men of the Harding cabinet accused, only one went to jail.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1924)

1924        Calvin Coolidge took a long nap every afternoon. His 16-year-old son had just died of blood poisoning and this caused severe depression in the president.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1924)(WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A17)

1924        The US passed an Immigration Restriction Act.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A19)

1924         The Father’s Day holiday was approved by President Calvin Coolidge.
    (HNQ, 6/21/98)

1924        Florida abolished income and inheritance taxes to attract investors.
    (WSJ, 8/3/05, p.B1)   

1924        Strom Thurmond (22), later SC Senator, fathered a daughter, with house servant Carrie Butler (16) while living in his parents' home in Edgefield, South Carolina. In 2003 the Thurmond family finally acknowledged that Ms. Essie May Washington-Williams was his illegitimate, biracial daughter.
    (SFC, 12/16/03, p.A2)

1924        In Georgia the electric chair replaced hanging as the means of execution.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A5)

1924         John Dillinger was sent to the Indiana State Reformatory for holding up a grocer, and was later transferred to the Michigan City, Indiana, State Prison, where he hatched a plan for a mass breakout with a group of other infamous convicts.
    (HN, 7/22/99)

1924        Three Boston securities executives pooled their money together to create Massachusetts Investors Trust, the first modern US mutual fund. A Dutch merchant had cobbled together the earliest mutual-style fund, Eendragt Maakt Magt (Unity creates Strength) in 1774.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.83)(http://mutualfunds.about.com/cs/history/a/fund_history.htm)(WSJ, 1/3/07, p.R6)

1924        US labor leader Samuel Gompers visited Mexico.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.E3)

1924        US Lithuanians purchased a home on the 2200 block of 16th St. owned by Senator John B. Henderson for $90,000 as its embassy in Washington DC.
    (Dr, 7/96, V1#1, p.3)

c1924        The railroad made it to Fairbanks, Alaska.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T7)

1924        DuPont and GM combined efforts to produce a fast drying color lacquer that had a longer lasting finish and the result, "true blue," first appeared on the 1924 GM Oakland model.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1924        The Chrysler Six sold 32,000 models and lifted the company to a $4.1 million profit from $5 million in the red.
    (WSJ, 6/1/00, p.A20)

1924        Walter Chrysler (1875-1940) bought Maxwell Chalmers. He was a locomotive mechanic who founded Chrysler with money and experience gained as general manager of Buick and executive VP of GM. In 1928 he oversaw the purchase of Dodge Brothers, which was much bigger than Chrysler at the time.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1924        CBS Film Sales, named after founders Cohn-Brandt-Cohn, was renamed to Columbia. The company icon, "Our Lady of Columbia," had initially debuted clad in a flag and holding a torch. The flag was changed to a cape in 1941.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, Par p.4)

1924        The Hearst Corp. acquired the Albany Times Union.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1924        The Du Pont company introduced rayon. It was a synthetic fiber manufactured from the cellulose fiber of natural wood pulp. It was good at holding dye patterns and allowed the proliferation of colored Hawaiian shirts. The Aloha shirts had their origin in the brightly patterned work shirts worn by prospectors and pioneers in the late 1800s in California and Oregon.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, p.T6)

1924        Kimberley-Clark introduced the Kleenex tissue as a handy way for women to remove cold cream from their faces. In 1981 Kleenex pioneered the first perfumed tissue.
    (WSJ, 1/22/06, p.A12)

1924        Otis Elevator Co. installed its first automatic elevator requiring no attendants in a residential apartment building. Automatic elevators in skyscrapers arrived 30 years later.
    (WSJ, 11/14/06, p.A18)

1924        In Le Sueur, Minn., The Green Giant was conceived to promote a new European variety of peas called "Prince of Wales" for the Minnesota Valley Canning Co. Sales of Green Giants began in 1925.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.C4)

1924        US Food Products Corp. restructured and became National Distillers and Chemical Corp.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1924        M.B. Zale and his brother William founded a jewelry business in Wichita Falls, Texas. The Zale family cashed out of Zale Corp. in the 1980s.
    (WSJ, 6/26/06, p.A1)

1924        Prince Louis de Broglie, French theoretical physicist, conceived that different quantum orbits in Bohr’s atomic model correspond to different modes of vibrations in some kind of "out-of-this-world" fluid surrounding the atomic nuclei.
    (SCTS, p.60)

1924        The frosted incandescent lamp was invented in the US.
    (SFC, 7/14/99, p.7)

1924        Margaret Murie (b.1902) became the 1st woman to graduate from the Univ. of Alaska.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.A16)

1924        Edwin Hubble demonstrated the existence of other galaxies.
    (BHT, Hawking, p.36)

1924        E.M. Antoniadi of France described planet-wide dust storms on Mars.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.A17)

1924        The Tuang child, Australopithecus africanus, "southern ape of Africa," was discovered. The discovery was documented by R.A. Dart in his paper "The First South African Manlike Ape."
    (RFH-MDHP, p.168)

1924        E.G. Zeis published the results of his study of the Katmai volcano, which erupted in 1912.
    (WSJ, 1/12/95, A-14)

1924        The Ku Klux Klan numbered four million.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1924)

1924        A murder took place on Randolph Hearst’s yacht Oneida. It remained unsolved in 1996 when his granddaughter, Patricia, co-wrote "Mystery at San Simeon" with Cordelia Frances Biddle.
    (SFEC, 9/29/96, BR p.8)

1924        West Virginia Congressman Samuel Brashear was killed by lightning.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, Z1 p.5)

1924        Isabella Stewart Gardner, founder of the Gardner Museum, died. She decreed that no changes be made to her museum.
    (WSJ, 2/5/97, p.A16)

1924        Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL), died.
    (WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A16)

1924        Frances Hodgson Burnett (b.1849), English author, died. In 2004 Gretchen Holbrook Gerzina authored “Frances Hodgson Burnett: The Unexpected Life of the Author of The Secret Garden."
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.82)

1924        Brazil’s finance ministry set up a body to hear appeals by firms that feel wronged by tax collectors. It became known as CARF, the Administrative Council for Fiscal Resources.
    (Econ., 4/4/15, p.68)

1924        In Britain Labor MP Herbert Dunnico voted against Trident, a program to build fast, light warships.
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.62)
1924        Edward Dene Morel, Congo activist, was elected to the British Parliament. He soon died of a heart attack at age 51.
    (SFEM, 8/16/98, p.12)

1924        The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool was established as a grain handling, agri-food processing and marketing company based in Regina, Saskatchewan. In 2007 it became known as Viterra. In 2012 it was taken over by Swiss-based Glencore.
    (Econ, 6/23/12, p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saskatchewan_Wheat_Pool)

1924        China’s Chairman Mao created the Organization Department. It grew to become the world’s largest human resources department.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, SR p.9)
1924        The last emperor, Xuantong (Aisingyoro Henry Puyi), went to the puppet state of Manchukuo in northeast China after he was evicted from the Forbidden City by a warlord.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B6)(SFC, 6/11/97, p.C16)

1924        In Cuba the La Sonora Matancara band was founded in Matanzas by Valentin Cane. Celia Cruz joined the band in the late 1940s when it was under the direction of Rogelio Martinez.
    (SFEM,10/19/97, DB p.40)

1924        Roland Petit, French premier choreographer, was born.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)
1924        French Count Etienne de Beaumont commissioned the ballet “Mercure" from painter Picasso, composer Eric Satie and choreographer Leonide Massine.
    (Econ, 11/17/07, p.99)(www.ltmpub.freeserve.co.uk/satiecubism.html)
1924        French writer Andre Breton authored the first “Surrealist Manifesto."
1924        In France the Ile St.-Louis made an unsuccessful attempt to secede from Paris and France and issued its own passports.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.T8)
1924        French fashion designer Coco Chanel sold control of her Chanel No. 5 perfume to the Wertheimer family for a fortune.
    (SSFC, 8/21/11, p.F5)

1924        The first traffic light in Europe was set up on the Potsdamer Platz in Berlin.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T4)
1924        The German economy began to recover following the stabilization of its re-invented currency.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.100)

1924        Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, an Indian lawyer, authored "Hindutva," an attempt to unite disparate Hindus in a political project.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.57)
1924        The Gateway of India monument in Bombay was completed. It commemorated the 1st visit of a British monarch to India, King George V and Queen Mary in 1911.
    (AP, 8/26/03)
1924        In India Gandhi undertook a fast to end Hindu-Muslim rioting. The rioting stopped after 21 days.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A12)
1924        In India a treaty underlined the principle of dividing the waters of the Cauvery River with farmers downstream. In 1974 Karnataka declared this treaty void arguing that it had been imposed by imperialist Britain.
    (Econ, 9/17/16, p.40)

1924        In Japan Matsutaro Shoriki, chief of Tokyo’s Metropolitan Police, acquired the Yomiuri Shimbun newspaper. By 1937 its circulation rose from 58,000 to 800,000 becoming the largest newspaper in Tokyo.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.60)

1924        Kazakhstan enacted women’s suffrage.
    (SSFC, 12/17/06, p.G5)

1924        H. Pander & Son, a Netherlands’ furniture company, bought an aircraft manufacturing firm and started making small airplanes. They continued to make furniture through the mid 1930s.
    (SFC, 11/7/07, p.G6)

1924        Ibn Saud, king of the Nejd, and allied Bedouin tribes conquered Hussein's kingdom of Hijaz and launched Wahhabi rule over Saudi Arabia. The campaign of territorial and spiritual unification was called tawhid.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.69)(Econ, 3/4/17, p.38)

1924        Stalin divided remnants of Turkestan into the current Central Asian republics.
    (SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)
1924        The Bolsheviks formed the Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), aka Transdniestria, as a basis for later taking over a chunk of Romania.
    (WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)

1924        In Turkey the Presidency of Religious Affairs, normally referred as Diyanet, was founded by the Grand National Assembly as a successor to Sheikh ul-Islam. Its duties were to execute the works concerning the beliefs, worship, and ethics of Islam. Its budget in 2014 was $2.3 billion.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidency_of_Religious_Affairs)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.52)
c1924        Vehbi Koç (d.1996) started what later became the Koc Group in Ankara, Turkey. In 2004 it had grown to employ 54,000 people.
    (WSJ, 9/7/04, p.A10)

1924-1928    In Mexico Plutarco Elias Calles served as president.
    (WUD, 1994, p.211)

1924-1930    Germany sold bond in the US during this period. The Dawes bonds raised $110 million and the Young bonds raised over 98 million. Hitler later defaulted on the bonds and ordered that none be repaid. Germany began buying them for pennies on the dollar before the start of WWII and stashed thousands in bank vaults and resold others. In 2010 a half dozen US bondholders filed suit to force Germany to make good on the debts.
    (SFC, 9/7/10, p.D6)

1924-1968    Robert Moses (1888-1981), master builder, shaped New York City during this period.
    (WSJ, 5/1/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 5/5/02, p.M2)

1925        Jan 3, Benito Mussolini dissolved the Italian parliament and became dictator.
    (MC, 1/3/02)

1925        Jan 5, Nellie Tayloe Ross (1876-1977) of Wyoming was sworn in as the first woman governor in the United States. She succeeded Frank E. Lucas, who had served as acting governor after the death of Ross' husband, William B. Ross. Ross took office as governor of Wyoming, just 16 days before Miriam A. Ferguson became governor of Texas.
    (AP, 1/5/08)(http://wyoarchives.state.wy.us/articles/rossbio.htm)

1925        Jan 10, France-Saarland formed.
    (MC, 1/10/02)

1925        Jan 16, Leon Trotsky was dismissed as CEO of Russian Revolution Military Council. Stalin took power over Trotsky.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1925)(MC, 1/16/02)

1925        Jan 18, The museum at Panevezys, Lithuania, opened.
    (LHC, 1/18/03)

1925        Jan 26, Paul Newman, actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1925        Jan 27, Anchorage, Alaska, delivered a diphtheria antitoxin to Nenana. Dr. Curtis Welch in Nome had begun diagnosing cases of diphtheria. An emergency delivery of serum against the disease was arranged by dogsled. 20 mushers rushed the serum 674 miles from Nenana to Nome in 5 days. The last leg of the journey was run by Gunnar Kaasen (1882-1964) and his lead dog Balto (d.1933). An animated film on Balto was made in 1995 by Stephen Spielberg. The longest segment of the journey, 260 miles, was run by Leonhard Seppala and his lead dog Togo. The events were later described by Bill Sherwonit in his book: "Iditarod: the Great Race to Nome."
    (SFC, 3/16/98, p.A3)(ON, 11/06, p.1)

1925        Jan 30, Turkish government threw out Constantine VI, the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople.
    (MC, 1/30/02)

1925        Jan 31, Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader, was born.
    (HN, 1/31/99)

1925        Feb 4, Russell Hoban, artist and writer, was born. His work included "Bedtime for Frances" and "The Mouse and His Child."
    (HN, 2/4/01)

1925        Feb 6, Pramoedya Ananta Toer (d.2006), writer, was born in Indonesia.

1925        Feb 8, Jack Lemmon, actor (Days of Wine & Roses, Missing), was born in Boston, Mass.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1925        Feb 8, Kaufman's & Berlin's "Cocoanuts," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1925        Feb 8, Marcus Garvey entered federal prison in Atlanta.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1925        Feb 8, During the height of anti-Black hysteria in Jacksonville, Fla. and the Southeast region of the United States, a Black man was accused of assaulting a white woman. In March 1925, the Urban League reported the death of “a colored man" who had been lynched.

1925        Feb 11, Virginia E. Johnson, doctor, sexologist (Masters & Johnson), was born.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1925        Feb 13, US Congress made a Supreme Court appeal more difficult.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1925        Feb 15, The London Zoo announced it would install lights to cheer up fogged in animals.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1925        Feb 17, Hal Holbrook, actor (All the President's Men, Mark Twain), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1925        Feb 19, President Coolidge proposed the phasing out of inheritance tax.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1925        Feb 20, Robert Altman, film director (Nashville, The Player), was born.
    (HN, 2/20/01)

1925        Feb 21, Sam Peckinpah, film director (Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs), was born in Fresno, CA.
    (MC, 2/21/02)
1925        Feb 21, The first issue of the New Yorker magazine, founded by Harold Ross, hit the newsstands, selling for 15 cents a copy.  Raoul Fleischmann provided the financial backing. The top hatted character Eustace Tilley appeared on the cover of the first issue and every anniversary issue. In 1999 Mary F. Corey published "The World Through a Monocle: The New Yorker at Midcentury." In 2000 Ben Yagoda authored "About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made." In 2000 Ranata Adler authored "Gone: The Last Days of the New Yorker."
    (AP, 2/21/98)(SFEC, 6/27/99, BR p.4)(SFEC, 2/20/00, BR p.5)(SSFC, 6/20/04, p.M1)

1925        Feb 22, Edward Gorey, American writer and illustrator, was born.
    (HN, 2/22/01)
1925        Feb 22, Gerard Hoffnung, artist, humorist, musician (Hoffnung Music Festival), was born in Berlin, Germany.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1925        Feb 15, Michael de Young (b.1849), co-founder of the SF Chronicle, died. Son-in-law George T. Cameron took over as publisher of the paper.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._H._de_Young)

1925        Feb 26, James Moody, US jazz saxophonist, orchestra leader, was born.
    (SC, 2/26/02)
1925        Feb 26, Jihad-Saint war against Turkish government.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1925        Feb 27, Glacier Bay National Monument was dedicated in Alaska.
    (HN, 2/27/98)
1925        Feb 27, Hitler resurrected the NSDAP (Nazi) political party in Munich.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1925        Feb 28, "Tea For Two" by Marion Harris hit #1.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1925         Mar 2, State and federal highway officials developed a nationwide route numbering system and adopted the familiar U.S. shield-shaped, numbered marker. For instance, in the east, there is U.S. 1 that runs from New England to Florida and in the west, the corresponding highway, U.S. 101, from Tacoma, WA to San Diego, CA.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1925        Mar 2, Harlan Fiske Stone (1872-1946) was sworn in as associate Justice on the US Supreme Court. In 1941 he became Chief Justice.
1925        Mar 2, Japan's House of Representatives recognized male suffrage.
    (SC, 3/2/02)
1925        Mar 2, SDAP-Second-Faction (Dutch Socialists) of parliament demanded drastic disarmament.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1925        Mar 4, President Calvin Coolidge's inauguration was broadcast live on 21 radio stations coast-to-coast.
    (AP, 3/4/99)
1925        Mar 4, Swain's Island (near American Samoa) was annexed by US.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1925        Mar 7, The Soviet Red Army occupied Outer Mongolia.
    (HN, 3/7/98)

1925        Mar 9, Egyptian Ministry of Public Works announced the discovery of the 5,000-year-old tomb of King Sneferu.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1925        Mar 12, Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen (b.1866) died. Soong Ching-ling was the wife of Sun Yat-sen. Morris Abraham Cohen (d.1970 at 83) had been the right-hand man to Dr. Sen and the story was told in 1998 by Daniel S. Levy in his book "Two-Gun Cohen." Chiang Kai-shek, head of the Nationalist's Party military academy, took command of the Nationalist Army after the death of Yat-sen. Chiang married Soong Mayling the sister of Ching-ling in 1926.
    (AP, 3/12/98)(SFEC, 4/12/98, Par p.20)(SFC, 1/27/00, p.E1,5)
1925        Mar 12, Leo Esaki, [Esaki Reona], physicist (Tunnel effect-Nobel 1973), was born in Japan.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1925        Mar 13, The Tennessee legislature passed the Butler Bill which prohibited the teaching of evolution in the public schools. [see Mar 21,23]
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)(AP, 3/13/97)

1925        Mar 18, The great Tri-State Tornado killed 695 people in Illinois, Indiana and Missouri and injured some 13,000 people, and causing $17 million in property damage. Several other destructive tornadoes in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana, as well as tornadoes in Alabama and Kansas brought the total to at least 747 dead.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri-State_Tornado)(SSFC, 5/11/03, Par p.A11)(AP, 5/24/11)

1925        Mar 19, Brent Scrowcroft, Lt. Gen. (USAF), National Security Advisor to President George Bush, was born.
    (HN, 3/19/99)
1925        Mar 19, Angelo G. Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) became a bishop.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1925        Mar 20, John Ehrlichman, Watergate conspirator, was born in Tacoma, Wa. He served Pres. Nixon as White House counsel and then domestic advisor and played a key role in creating the Environmental Protection Agency, passing the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Endangered Species Act and the National Environmental Policy Act.
    (HN, 3/20/98)(SFC, 2/16/99, p.A18)

1925        Mar 21, Peter Brook, director, was born in west London. In 2005 Michael Kustow authored “Peter Brook: A Biography."
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.89)
1925        Mar 21, Tennessee passed an anti-evolution law, which prohibited the teaching of evolution. [see Mar 13,23]
    (HNQ, 1/27/00)

1925        Mar 23, Tennessee became the 1st state to outlaw teaching the theory of evolution. Tennessee’s Governor Austin Peay said, "the very integrity of the Bible in its statement of man’s divine creation is denied by any theory that man descended or has ascended from any lower order of animals." [see Mar 13,21]
    (SS, 3/23/02)(MC, 3/23/02)
1925        Mar 23, Aleksei Kuropatkin (76), Russian General, minister of War, died.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1925        Mar 25, Flannery O'Connor (d.1964), novelist and short story writer, was born in Savannah, Georgia.
    (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-498)(WUD, 1994 p.997)

1925        Mar 26, Pierre Boulez, composer, conductor (Visage Nuptial), was born in Montbrison, France.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1925        Mar 30, Stalin supported rights of non-Serbian Yugoslavians.
    (MC, 3/30/02)

1925        Mar, In Florida "young white ruffians" drove through Black neighborhoods shooting into homes after a white man reported that a Black man had beaten his girlfriend unconscious with a brick while they were walking together in Jacksonville.
    (The Florida Times-Union, 2/18/22)

1925        Apr 2, George MacDonald Fraser, poet, author (Flashman at the Charge), was born.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1925        Apr 3, Tony Benn, British minister of technology (1968), was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1925        Apr 5, A few people gathered in Robinson’s drugstore in Dayton, Tennessee, agree that the Butler Bill, opposing the teaching of evolution, might provide a grand opportunity for profit if they can arrange for the trial to happen in their town.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)

1925        Apr 6, A Deutsche Lufthansa flight debuted an in-flight movie, a silent-reel short.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1925        Apr 10, The novel "The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published by Scribner's of New York. A film version was made in 1974.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1925)(SFEC, 2/16/97, Par. p.18)(AP, 4/9/97)

1925        Apr 11, Ethel Kennedy, wife of assassinated Senator Robert F. Kennedy, was born.
    (HN, 4/11/98)

1925        Apr 12, Tiny Tim, [Herbert Khaury], singer (Tiptoe Through the Tulips), was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1925        Apr 14, Rod Steiger, film actor (Illustrated Man, Pawnbroker), was born in West Hampton, NY.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A6)(MC, 4/14/02)

1925        Apr 15, John Singer Sargent (b.1856), US portrait painter, died in London.
    (WSJ, 8/5/99, p.A16)(www.artfact.com/features/viewArtist.cfm?aID=3117)

1925        Aug 18, In California the Hetch Hetchy power plant at Moccasin Creek began operating. PG&E distributed the power and profits went to SF. The $50 million Hetch Hetchy dam and powerhouse provided water and power to San Francisco.
    (SFC, 12/6/02, p.E16)(SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.5)

1925        Apr 19, Hugh O'Brian, [Krampke], actor (Wyatt Earp), was born in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1925        Apr 23, The 1st London performance of operetta "Fasquita" was staged.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1925        Apr 25, General Paul von Hindenburg took office as president of Germany.
    (HN, 4/25/99)

1925        Apr 28, Kurd rebels surrendered to Turkish army.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1925        Apr, In Paris Hippolyte Jamet opened his hotel Le Bristol, named after the 4th Earl of Bristol in tribute to the Englishman’s taste for comfort.
    (www.hotel-bristol.com/20050614/US_10_faubourg.swf)(WSJ, 9/27/08, p.A20)

1925        May 1, Malcolm Scott Carpenter, astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7), was born in Boulder, Colo.
    (MC, 5/1/02)
1925        May 1, Cyprus became a British Crown Colony.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1925        May 5, John T. Scopes was arrested in Tennessee for teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution.
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1925        May 9, Cornerstone for Hebrew University in Jerusalem was laid. It was founded in Jerusalem in part by Aharon and Yocheved Shulov.
    (SFC, 6/3/96, p.A19)(MC, 5/9/02)

1925        May 12, Lawrence "Yogi" Berra, baseball star, was born. He played as a catcher for the New York Yankees and worked as a coach and manager for the Mets and Astros.
    (SC, Internet, 5/12/97)(HN, 5/12/98)
1925        May 12, John Simon, theater critic, was born.
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1925        May 14, Patrice Munsel, soprano (Met Opera, Patrice Munsel Show), was born in Spokane, Wash.
    (MC, 5/14/02)
1925        May 14, Henry Rider Haggard, English writer (Dawn, She), died.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1925        May 17, French nun Therese of Lisieux (1873-1897) was raised to sainthood by Pope Pius XI. In 1997 she made a doctor of the Church by John Paul II, a rare honor signifying that her writings and preachings are useful to Christians.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_of_Lisieux)(AP, 10/18/15)

1925        May 19, Malcolm X, (Malcolm Little) militant black Muslim leader, was born in Omaha, Neb. He spoke of racial pride and black nationalism and was assassinated in 1965. "You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom."
    (AP, 2/21/99)(HN, 5/19/99)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A7)
1925        May 19, Pol Pot (d.1998), Cambodian dictator and mass murderer, was born in Prek Sbauv, Cambodia.

1925        May 25, Aldo Clementi, composer, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1925        May 25, Jeanne Crain, actress (Man Without a Star), was born in Barstow, CA.
    (SC, 5/25/02)
1925        May 25, John Scopes was indicted for teaching Darwinian theory in school.
    (HN, 5/25/98)

1925        May 27, Tony Hillerman, mystery novelist (The Blessing Way, Sacred Clowns), was born.
    (HN, 5/27/01)

1925        May 30, In San Francisco the Beach Chalet, designed by architect Willis Polk (d.1924), opened. It became a popular roadhouse known as the "Villa by the Sea" on the Great Highway. In 1936 the WPA commissioned murals on its walls by Lucien Labaudt. In 1947 it was leased to the Veterans of Foreign Wars, who ran it until about 1979. It fell into disrepair and closed in 1981. In 1996 it began to be renovated for re-opening.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y8vaputf)(SSFC, 4/2/17, p.A2)

1925        May 31, Julian Beck, theater manager, was born.
    (HN, 5/31/01)

1925        May, Lee Morse (1897-1954), US jazz and blues singer and songwriter, recorded her hit song Ukulele Lady. Her most popular years were in the 1920s and early 1930s, although her career began around 1917 and continued until her death.

1925        Jun 2, NY Yankee Lou Gehrig began his 2,130 consecutive game streak.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1925        Jun 6, Maxine Kumin, poet novelist and children's author, was born.
    (HN, 6/6/01)
1925        Jun 6, Walter Percy Chrysler founded the Chrysler Corporation.
    (AP, 6/6/97)

1925        Jun 8, Barbara Pierce Bush, first lady to President George Bush, was born. She co-wrote "Millie's Book."
    (HN, 6/8/99)

1925        Jun 10, Nat Hentoff, journalist, was born.
    (HN, 6/10/01)
1925        Jun 10, Tennessee adopted a new biology text book denying the theory of evolution.
    (HN, 6/10/98)

1925        Jun 11, William Styron, American novelist (The Confessions of Nat Turner, Sophie's Choice), was born in Va.
    (HN, 6/11/01)

1925        Jun 14, Pierre Salinger, Press Secretary for John F. Kennedy, was born.
    (HN, 6/14/98)

1925        Jun 16, France accepted a German proposal for a security pact.
    (HN, 6/16/98)

1925        Jun 25, Robert Venturi, architect (Levittown NY, Las Vegas), was born in Phila.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1925        Jun 26, Charlie Chaplin’s classic comedy, "The Gold Rush," premiered at Grauman’s Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood.
    (AP, 6/26/97)

1925        Jun 29, An earthquake ravaged Santa Barbara, California, causing millions in property damage.
    (HN, 6/29/98)

1925        Jul 1, Eric Satie (b.1866), French composer, died. Satie was introduced as a "gymnopedist" in 1887, shortly before writing his most famous compositions, the Gymnopédies.

1925        Jul 2, Patrice Lumumba, revolutionary, was born in Congo.
    (SC, 7/2/02)
1925        Jul 2, Marvin Rainwater, country singer (Ozark Jubilee), was born in Wichita, Ks.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1925        Jul 4, 44 died when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapsed.
    (Maggio, 98)

1925        Jul 6, Merv Griffin, singer (I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Coconuts The Merv Griffin Show, Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy, hotel owner), was born.
    (MC, 7/6/02)

1925        Jul 7, Afrikaans was recognized as one of the official languages of South Africa, along with English and Dutch.
    (HN, 7/7/98)

1925        Jul 10, The Scopes "Monkey Trial," started. It was the result of a conspiracy hatched at Robinson’s Drug Store in Dayton, Tenn. John Scopes, a young high-school teacher, was to become the test case on the legality of Tennessee’s anti-evolution law. An aging William Jennings Bryan, Nebraska fundamentalist and politician, was the prosecutor and Clarence Darrow was Scopes’ defense attorney. Earlier in 1925, the Tennessee State legislature had passed a law making it illegal to teach the theory of evolution in schools. Many people believed that Darwin’s theory contradicted the idea of biblical creation. The trial, complete with the spectacle of a cynical Darrow interrogating Bryan on the witness stand as "an expert on the Bible," aroused national interest and caused heated controversy over Darwin’s evolution theory. Scopes was judged guilty and fined $100, but later let off on a technicality. The trial coverage dealt a blow to American anti-evolution forces. It was the first trial to be broadcast by radio. Bryan died six days later.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)(TMC, 1994, p.1925)(HNPD, 7/10/98)
1925        Jul 10, The official news agency of the Soviet Union, TASS, was established.
    (AP, 7/10/97)

1925        Jul 12, Roger Smith, CEO (General Motors) ("Roger and Me" movie), was born.
    (MC, 7/12/02)

1925        Jul 13, Will Rogers, an Oklahoma cowboy, who had been standing in for W.C. Fields in the "Ziegfeld Follies," impressed the critics.
    (MC, 7/13/02)

1925        Jul 17, Laszlo Nagy, Hungarian poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/17/01)

1925        Jul 18, Hitler published his first volume of "Mein Kampf" (My Struggle).Vol 2 was published in 1926. It became the bible for the Nazi Party. The book is filled with anti-Semitic writings, a disdain for morality, worship of power, and the blueprints for world domination.

1925        Jun 22, France and Spain agreed to join forces against Abd el Krim in Morocco.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1925        Jul 21, The so-called "Monkey Trial" ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes convicted of violating state law for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution. Scopes was found guilty and was fined $100. The conviction was later overturned on a technicality.
    (HN, 7/21/99)(AP, 7/21/08)

1925        Jul 23, Gloria De Haven, U.S. actress, was born.
    (AP, 7/23/97)

1925        Jul 25, Jerry Paris, director, actor (Jerry-Dick Van Dyke Show), was born in SF, Calif.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1925        Jul 26, William Jennings Bryan (b.1860), lawyer, died 5 days after assisting the prosecution in the Scopes-monkey trial. In 2006 Michael Kazin authored “A Godly Hero: The Life of William Jennings Bryan."
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAbryan.htm)(WSJ, 2/10/06, p.W3)

1925        Jul 27, Charlie Poole (1892-1931) and His North Carolina Ramblers recorded “Don’t Let Your Deal Go Down Blues" at the NYC studios of Columbia Records.
    (WSJ, 7/27/05, p.D10)(www.emusic.com/artist/11579/11579058.html)

1925        Jul 29, Mikos Michael George Theodorakis, composer (Raven), was born in Chios, Greece.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1925        Jul 30, A blast in Walnut Creek, Ca., reportedly killed Charles Henry Schwartz (36) of Berkeley. He was a chemical engineer and inventor of an alleged valuable formula for artificial silk. He had also recently figured in a sensational breach of promise suit. Police soon called the case a murder and issued an arrest warrant for Schwartz. The victim was soon identified as Gilbert W. Barbe, an itinerant preacher, veteran and hobo. On Aug. 8 Schwartz shot himself in the head as police rushed an apartment in Berkeley where he was staying.
    (SFC, 1/8/22, p.C1)(SFC, 1/22/22, p.C2)

1925        Jul 31, An Unemployment Insurance Act was passed in England.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1925        Aug 8, The Ku Klux Klan held its first national march, in Washington, D.C. Between 25,000 and 40,000 marchers took to the streets.
1925        Aug 8, Alija Izetbegovic (d.2003) was born in Bosanski Samac. He later led Bosnia's Muslims during the 1992-95 war for independence and became one of the republic's first postwar presidents.
    (AP, 10/19/03)(SFC, 10/20/03, p.A18)

1925        Aug 11, Carl Rowan, gun-toting newspaper columnist (Wash Post), was born.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1925        Aug 12, Norris McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1925        Aug 12, Ross McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1925        Aug 12, KMA-AM in Shenandoah, IA, began radio transmissions.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1925        Aug 14, Russell Baker, author and columnist for The New York Times, was born.
    (HN, 8/14/98)
1925        Aug 14, The Mount Rushmore monument was 1st proposed.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1925        Aug 24, The Svalbarg Treaty took effect, at the same time as the Svalbard Act regulated the archipelago and the first governor, Johannes Gerckens Bassøe, took office. The Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the Kingdom of Norway.

1925        Aug 25, Asa Philip Randolph (36) began to organize the Pullman Sleeping Car Porters’ Union.
    (PCh, 1992, p.768)(HN, 8/25/98)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A3)
1925        Aug 25, Last Belgian troops vacated Duisburg.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)
1925        Aug 25, Uruguay became independent.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.36)

1925        Aug 28, Donald O’Connor (d.2003), dancer, actor (Singing in the Rain, Anything Goes), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (HN, 8/28/00)(SSFC, 9/28/03, p.A33)

1925        Aug, The first Fastnet race, with seven entries, was won by the Jolie Brise. The race starts off Cowes on the Isle of Wight in England, rounds the Fastnet Rock off the southwest coast of Ireland and then finishes at Plymouth in the South of England. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fastnet_race)

1925        Sep 3, The dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die. The 682-foot Shenandoah, a dirigible built by the U.S. Navy in 1923, broke apart in mid-air, killing 14 persons aboard.
    (HNQ, 1/2/00)(MC, 9/3/01)

1925        Sep 8, Peter Sellers, English comic actor, was born in Southsea, Hampshire, England. He became famous for his role as Inspector Clouseau.
    (HN, 9/8/00)
1925        Sep 8, Germany was admitted into the League of Nations. Joseph Avenol, secretary-general of the League of Nations, sold out the organization he had sworn to uphold.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1925        Sep 16, Charlie Byrd, jazz guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 9/16/00)
1925        Sep 16, Blues musician B.B. King ("Blues Boy") was born in Mississippi. In the mid-1950s, while King was performing in Twist, Arkansas, some audience members got into a fight over a woman named Lucille. They knocked over a kerosene stove and set the place on fire. Everybody ran outside...but when King realized he left his guitar inside, he rushed back to retrieve it. From then on, King named all his guitars "Lucille."

1925        Sep 26, The Italian submarine "Sebastiano Veniero" was lost off Sicily with 54 dead.
    (MC, 9/26/01)

1925        Sep 28, Seymour Cray (d1996), computer expert, was born. His computers were all designed along RISC lines (Reduced Instruction Set Computing), for which credit is often given to IBM design work in the 1970s. He invented "vector processing" which involved chaining together long series of calculations in specialized hardware to expedite solutions.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, C12)
1925        Sep 28, William Schlich b.1840), German-born forester, died in Oxford. He worked extensively in India and for the British administration. His 5-volume “Manual of Forestry" (1889-1996) became the standard and enduring textbook for forestry students.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Philipp_Daniel_Schlich)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.16)

1925        Oct 3, Gore Vidal, writer (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln, DC, Burr), was born in West Point, NY. He was named Eugen Luther Gore Vidal. His first book at age 20 was titled "Williwaw." A memoir of his 1st 39 years was titled "Palimpsest." In 1999 some collected essays were published under the title "Sexually Speaking: Collected Sex Writings." In 1993 a collection of essays was titled "United States: 1952-1992".
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, BR p.5)(HN, 10/3/00)

1925        Oct 10, James Buchanon Duke, the founder of the American Tobacco Company (Lucky Strikes), died leaving Doris Duke (1924-1993), his only daughter, to inherit his $125 million tobacco estate.
    (SSFC, 2/25/07, p.G5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Buchanan_Duke)

1925        Oct 11, Elmore Leonard, US writer (Glitz, Mr. Majestyk, Touch, 52 Pick-Up), was born.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1925        Oct 13, Frank D. Gilroy, American writer (Subject Was Roses), was born.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1925        Oct 13, Lenny Bruce, [Leonard Schneider], comedian, was born. He was later arrested on obscenity charges.
    (MC, 10/13/01)
1925        Oct 13, Margaret Thatcher, Great Britain’s first female Prime Minister (1979-90), was born in Grantham, England.
    (HN, 10/13/98)(MC, 10/13/01)

1925        Oct 16, Angela Lansbury, actress (Jessica-Murder She Wrote), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 10/16/01)
1925        Oct 16, The Texas School Board prohibited the teaching of evolution.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1925        Oct 20, Art Buchwald, humorist, was born in Mt. Vernon, NY.
    (HN, 10/20/00)(MC, 10/20/01)

1925        Oct 22, Robert Rauschenberg, pop artist, was born.
    (HN, 10/22/00)

1925        Oct 23, Johnny Carson (d.2005), American television personality who hosted the "Tonight Show," was born in Corning, Iowa.
    (HN, 10/23/98)(SFC, 1/24/05, p.A7)
1925        Oct 23, Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer and conductor (Never on Sunday), was born.
    (MC, 10/23/01)

1925        Oct 6, San Francisco’s M-Ocean View streetcar line began service with the outbound terminal at Broad and Plymouth. It was discontinued prior to World War II, on August 6, 1939, and then reestablished back to full service on December 17, 1944.
    (METNA News, Aug 2015, p.1)

1925        Oct 27, Warren M. Christopher, US, lawyer and minister of Foreign affairs (1993-2001), was born.
    (MC, 10/27/01)
1925        Oct 27, Water skis were patented by Fred Waller.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1925        Oct 28, Leonard Starr, comic strip cartoonist (Little Orphan Annie), was born.
    (MC, 10/28/01)

1925        Oct 30, Scotsman John L. Baird performed first TV broadcast of moving objects.
    (HN, 10/30/98)

1925        Oct 31, Charles Moore, influential post-modern architect, was born.
    (HN, 10/31/00)
1925        Oct 31, Contract bridge was introduced by Harold Stirling Vanderbilt on board the S.S. Finland in the Panama Canal.

1925        Nov 10, Richard Burton, Welsh actor famous for his roles in "The Spy who Came in From the Cold" and "Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf," was born in Glamorgan as Richard Jenkins.
    (www.richardburton.com/life_25.htm)(Econ, 11/3/12, p.84)

1925        Nov 11, Jonathan Winters, comedian, was born.
    (HN, 11/11/00)

1925        Nov 16, American Association for Advancement of Atheism was formed in NY.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1925        Nov 5, Mussolini disbanded Italian socialist parties.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1925        Nov 9, German Nazis formed the SS (Schutzstaffel- elite special forces).
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1925        Nov 11, Jonathan Winters, comedian, was born.
    (HN, 11/11/00)
1925        Nov 11, Louis Armstrong recorded 1st of Hot Five & Hot Seven recordings. [see Nov 12]
    (MC, 11/11/01)
1925        Nov 11, Robert Milliken announced the discovery of cosmic rays.
    (MC, 11/11/01)

1925        Nov 12, The first recording of Louis Armstrong's "Hot Fives" was made. [see Nov 11]
    (WSJ, 1/14/00, p.W2)

1925        Nov 17, Actor Rock Hudson was born in Winnetka, Ill.
    (AP, 11/17/97)
1925        Nov 17, Charles Mackerras, Australian conductor, was born in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

1925        Nov 20, Robert F. Kennedy, U.S. Attorney General and Senator, was born in Brookline, Mass. While at Harvard during World War II, Robert F. Kennedy joined the U.S. Naval Reserve and served as a seaman on the destroyer Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. The ship was named for Kennedy’s eldest brother, who had been killed in battle during World War II. Kennedy died from an assassin’s bullet June 6, 1968, in Los Angeles after proclaiming victory in California’s Democratic Party primary election.
    (AP, 11/20/97)(HNQ, 7/14/98)(HN, 11/20/98)

1925        Nov 21, Three-time All-American Harold "Red" Grange played his last football game for the University of Illinois and joined the Chicago Bears less than a week later on Thanksgiving Day. Grange was the most glamorous and well-known football player of the 1920s. In one collegiate game against Michigan in 1924, Grange ran for 402 yards and five touchdowns. Known as the "Galloping Ghost" for his spectacular broken-field running, the Wheaton, Illinois, native drew huge crowds during a 17-game barnstorming tour with the Bears in late 1925. He is credited with establishing professional football as a popular spectator sport. Red Grange died at the age of 87 on January 28, 1991.
    (HNPD, 11/21/98)

1925        Nov 22, Gunther Schuller, composer and French Horn player, was born.
    (HN, 11//00)

1925        Nov 24, William F. Buckley, Jr. (d.2008), journalist who founded the conservative magazine National Review, was born in Manhattan, as the 6th of 10 children. His father had made a fortune in the oil fields of Mexico.
    (HN, 11/24/98)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A2)

1925        Nov 26, Linda Hunt, actress (Bostonians, Eleni, Silverado), was born in Morristown, NJ.
    (MC, 11/26/01)
1925        Nov 26, Rama VI, Thailand’s King Vajiravudh (b.1881), died. Vajiravudh succeeded his father as Rama VI and formed a private army, the Wild Tiger Corps, on his accession. Vajiravudh's reign was characterized by the creation and promotion of Siamese nationalism. He modernized the military and sent troops to join Allied forces in World War One. He quashed an attempted coup in 1912 by disgruntled military officers who accused the king of financial extravagances and sought to establish democratic rule.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vajiravudh)(Reuters, 5/2/19)

1925        Nov 28, The "WSM Barn Dance", later known as "The Grand Ole Opry" (1927), Nashville’s famed home of country music, made its radio debut on station WSM. The call letters came from the slogan "We Shield Millions" of sponsor National Life and Accident Insurance Co. Edwin Craig, a wireless buff with a stake in the insurance company, had recently sold the radio idea to the insurance board. In 1999 Charles K. Wolfe published "A Good Natured Riot: The Birth of the Grand Ole Opry." In 2007 Craig Havighurst authored “Air Castle of the South."
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.E4)(AP, 11/28/97)(WSJ, 7/23/99, p.W7)(WSJ, 10/17/07, p.D9)

1925        Nov, Khai Dinh, emperor of Annam, died. Annam was a kingdom of what is now Vietnam that was incorporated into French Indochina. His son Vinh Thuy assumed the throne in January under the title Bao Dai
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A21)

1925        Nov, In Turkey Ataturk outlawed the tasseled fez headwear for men. He also outlawed the wearing of veils by women but the tradition continued.
    (WSJ, 3/27/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 11/6/97, p.B1)(EWH, 4th ed, p.1087)

1925        Dec 1, Martin Rodbell, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist, poet, was born.
    (HN, 12/1/00)
1925        Dec 1, After a seven year occupation, 7,000 British troops evacuated Cologne, Germany.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1925        Dec 2, Alexander Haig, American army general and Secretary of State for President Ronald Reagan, was born.
    (HN, 12/2/98)

1925        Dec 3, "Concerto in F," by George Gershwin, had its world premiere at New York's Carnegie Hall, with Gershwin himself at the piano.
    (AP, 12/3/98)
1925        Dec 3, Jean-Luc Godard, French film director, was born. In 2004 Colin MacCabe authored the biography "Godard: A Portrait of the Artist at Seventy."
    (HN, 12/3/98)(SSFC, 1/18/04, p.M1)
1925        Dec 3, The League of Nations ordered Greece to pay an indemnity for the October invasion of Bulgaria.
    (HN, 12/3/98)

1925        Dec 8, Sammy Davis Jr, singer, dancer and actor (Ocean's 11, Candy Man), was born in NYC.
    (SFC, 9/9/00, p.A21)(MC, 12/8/01)

1925        Dec 12, Arthur Heinman opened the first motel, the "Motel Inn," in San Luis Obispo, Calif.
    (AP, 12/12/97)

1925        Dec 13, Dick Van Dyke, actor (Rob Petrie-Dick Van Dyke Show), was born in West Plains, Mo.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1925        Dec 17, Col. William "Billy" Mitchell (d.1936) was convicted of insubordination at his court-martial. He was found guilty of conduct prejudicial to the good of the armed services and was suspended from active duty. His recently published book “Winged Defense," had poked fun at the Sec. of War. Mitchell was awarded the Medal of Honor 20 years after his death. In 2004 Douglas Waller authored “A Question of Loyalty."
    (WSJ, 9/7/04, p.D8)(AP, 12/17/08)

1925        Dec 18, Soviet leaders Lev Kamenev and Grigori Zinoviev broke with Stalin.
    (HN, 12/18/98)

1925        Dec 20, Edward S. Morse (b.1838), American architect and zoologist, died. Morse had found that covering a masonry wall with a sheet of glass would increase its rate of heat gain and reduce that rate of heat loss. In the 1960s Felix Trombe improved on the idea, which became named the Trombe wall. In 1886 Morse had published “Japanese Homes and Their Surroundings," the first Western treatise on Japanese residential architecture of the Meiji period (1615-1868).
    (http://tinyurl.com/2nyjlt)(SFC, 3/29/08, p.F1)

1925        Dec 25, Carlos Castaneda, author of "The Teachings of Don Juan," was born in Sao Paulo, Brazil or Cajamarca, Peru. He lied about the statistical details of his life.
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.A2)
1925        Dec 25, U.S. Admiral Latimer disarmed Nicaraguan insurgents in support of the Diaz regime.
    (HN, 12/25/98)

1925        Dec 26, Six U.S. destroyers were ordered from Manila to China to protect interests in the civil war that was being waged there.
    (HN, 12/26/98)

1925        Dec 27, In Los Angeles Hilario Camino Moncado founded the Filipino Federation of America (FFA), one of the country’s first and largest Filipino organizations.

1925        Dec 28, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Tip-Toes," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1925        William F. Buckley, [conservative news commentator], was born.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.E4)

1925        Poet Kenneth Koch was born in Cincinnati. In 1998 David Lehman published "The Last Avant-Garde: The Making of the New York School of Poets."
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.W8)

1925        Pierre Bonnard painted "After the Meal."
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.9)

1925        Charles Burchfield painted "The Song of the Telegraph."
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.D3)

1925        Arthur Dove painted "Goin Fishin’."
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.D3)

1925        Matisse began his sculpture "Large Seated Nude," and finished in 1929.
    (SFEM, 11/24/96, p.46)

1925        Chiura Obata (1885-1975), Japanese American artist, created his scroll painting “Setting Sun: Sacramento Valley." He was a faculty member in the Art Department at the University of California at Berkeley from 1932 to 1953, interrupted by World War II, when he spent over a year in internment camps.
    (SFC, 11/12/08, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiura_Obata)

1925        Georgia O’Keeffe painted "Large Dark Red Leaves on White."
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.B1)

1925        Chaim Soutine painted "Hanging Turkey."
    (WSJ, 5/14/98, p.A20)

1925        Vaclav Zapadlik painted Andre Boillot racing his Peugeot in Italy.
    (SFC, 8/24/96, p.E1)

1925        Dr. Albert C. Barnes (1872-1951) built a mansion to house his collection of French impressionist and post-impressionist masterpieces in Merion, Pennsylvania. The collection grew to some 2,500 objects and their setup and access was highly restricted by Dr. Barnes’ trust indenture. Barnes had made his fortune with a pediatric antibiotic called Argyrol. By 2000 his foundation was broke. In 2003 John Anderson authored ""Art Held Hostage," an account of the Barnes collection.
    (WSJ, 11/28/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 7/18/03, p.W18)

1925        Gerald Murphy as an American painter in Paris painted the "Watch."
    SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)

1925        Chaim Soutine painted "The Beef."
    (WSJ, 5/14/98, p.A20)

1925        The art-deco style was formally introduced by Jacques-Emile Ruhlmann at the Paris Design Exposition. The expo was called Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes and introduced the profession of interior decorators. Le Corbusier designed the Pavilion de L’Esprit Nouveau.
    (WSJ, 10/24/97, p.B18)(SFC, 4/18/98, p.C3)(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A16)

1925        Bruce Barton (d.1967), US advertising king turned evangelist, authored “The Man Nobody Knows," in which he argued that Jesus was a pre-eminent business executive.
    (WSJ, 10/25/05, p.D8)(Econ, 12/24/05, p.44)
1925        Earl Derr Biggers (1884-1933), Ohio-born novelist, published “The House Without a Key." The novel included the fictional Chinese-American detective Charlie Chan, who became immortalized in 6 novels and 47 movies. In 2010 Yunte Huang authored “Charlie Chan: The Untold Story of the Honorable Detective and His Rendezvous With American History."
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.F2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chan)
1925        “The White Guard," a novel by Mikhail Bulgakov (1891-1940) of Kiev during the Russian civil war, first appeared in part in serial form. A stage version titled “The Days of the Turbins" ran from 1926-1941. The novel was not reprinted in Russia until 1966.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_White_Guard)(Econ, 8/9/14, p.67)
1925        Fragments of Ivan Bunin’s “Cursed Days," compiled of diaries and notes he made while in Moscow and Odessa in 1918-1920, were first published by the Paris-based Vozrozhdenye newspaper. A full version appeared in 1936. It was banned in the USSR until the 1980s. Bunin (1870-1953) was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature (1933).
1925        Hector Bywater authored “The Great Pacific War," a novel that included a surprise Japanese attack on the American fleet, eerily prescient of 1941.
    (Econ, 6/27/15, p.71)
1925        Jean Cocteau, French playwright, wrote "Orphee."
    (WSJ, 6/5/96, p.A12)
1925        Le Corbusier published his "Urbanisme."
1925        Theodore Dreiser authored his novel “An American Tragedy," a portrayal of the rapidly changing country.
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)
1925        Jose Ortega y Gasset authored "The Dehumanization of Art," in which he pointed to the "grave dissociation of past and present."
    (WSJ, 1/28/02, p.A13)
1925        J.B.S. Haldane published "Callinicus: A Defense of Chemical Warfare."
    (NH, 10/98, p.24)
1925        DuBose Heyward wrote the novel "Porgy and Bess."
    (SFEM, 10/5/97, p.4)(MT, Fall. ‘97, p.12)
1925        Jepson’s "Manual of the Flowering Plants of California" was 1st published.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.D4)
1925        John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), British economist, authored a pamphlet titled: “The Economic Consqeuences of Mr. Churchill.“ The American edition was titled “The economic consequences of sterling parity." It was a devastating critique of Winston Churchill’s defense of the gold standard.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.81)(http://tinyurl.com/2c7cfbn)
1925        Sinclair Lewis (1865-1951) authored "Arrowsmith."
    (WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)
1925        Marcel Mauss, French anthropologist, published “"Essai sur le Don" (The Gift), which argued that in small-scale societies gifts are “total social facts."
    (NH, 11/1/04, p.28)
1925        Virginia Woolf wrote her novel "Mrs. Dalloway. The 1997 film "Mrs. Dalloway" was set in 1923 and starred Vanessa Redgrave and was directed by Marleen Gorris.
    (SFC, 9/5/97, p.C3)(SFC, 3/6/98, p.D5)

1925        The musical "Cocoanuts" with music by Irving Berlin was produced. The book was by George S. Kaufman. In 1929 it was made into a film with the Marx Brothers.
    (WSJ, 6/5/96, p.A12)

1925        The musical "No, No, Nanette" opened on Broadway. It featured the songs "Tea for Two" and "I Want To Be Happy" by Irwing Caesar (1895-1996).
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.C6)

1925        Ernst Krenek composed his opera "Jonny spielt auf."
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A23)

1925        Bing Crosby cut his first record.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, DB p.34)

1925        George Gershwin composed his Piano Concerto.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A21)

1925        Sergei Prokofiev composed his opera "The Gambler."
    (WSJ, 4/16/01, p.A14)

1925        Rachmaninoff composed his Third Piano Concerto.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, p.D5)

1925        Bessy Smith recorded "The Empress" with Louis Armstrong.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1925        Harvard-trained historian Carter G. Woodson, known as the "Father of Black History," had a bold idea. He announced "Negro History Week" -- a celebration of a people that many in this country at the time believed had no place in history. The event was first celebrated in February 1926, a month that included the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass, and the response was overwhelming.
    (Good Morning America, 2/8/20)

1925        Chicago's Soldier Field, designed by Holabird & Root, was dedicated. It was built largely for track and field and had over 100,000 seats. In 2003 a new football stadium was completed within the colonnades of the original memorial.
    (WSJ, 10/8/03, p.D6)

1925        The pleasure yacht USS Sequoia was built in New Jersey by John Trumpey. It served 8 US presidents over the next 44 years.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.4B)

1925        A perfumer’s trade journal asked, "Is there anywhere in the world in an elegant woman’s boudoir where the perfume atomizer doesn’t occupy the place of honor."
    (Hem., 7/95, p.124)

1925        Floyd Collins, a Kentucky farmer, discovered Sand Cave and was trapped for 2 weeks as he crawled back to the surface. The story made national headlines and was made into the 1950 Billy Wilder film "The Big Carnival" starring Kirk Douglas. In 1995 the story was made into a chamber opera: "Floyd Collins" with music by Adam Guettel.
    (WSJ, 5/17/99, p.A24)

1925        Whittaker Chambers joined the US Communist Party. A biography by Sam Tanenhaus, was published in 1997.
    (SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.3)

1925        Walt Disney (1901-1966) married Lillian Bounds (d.1997 at 98). She met him after landing $15-a-week job as an "inker" at his studio.
    (SFC,12/18/97, p.C16)

1925        A joint US and Canadian team under the auspices of the Alpine Club of Canada climbed 19,524 ft Mt. Logan, Canada’s highest peak in the St. Elias mountains of the Kluane National Park Reserve.
    (N.G., Nov. 1985, p.655)

1925        The 106-foot sailing schooner "Mariner" raced from SF to Tahiti in a record 20 days. Robert Helen was one of the crew members. Helen oversaw many major harbor clearing operations for the US Navy during WW II.
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A19)

1925        The Pottsville Maroons beat the Chicago Cardinals for the NFL championship, but lost it on a technicality after they played a college all-star team in Philadelphia.
    (Econ, 11/1/03, p.30)

1925        American vice president Charles Gates Dawes (d.1951) was awarded the 1925 Nobel Peace Prize along with Sir Austen Chamberlin. Dawes, vice president to Calvin Coolidge from 1925-1929, was the chief author of the 1923 Dawes Plan for German financial reconstruction after the First World War. Dawes, who was born in 1885 in Marietta, Ohio, was named the first director of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget in 1921 and was ambassador to Great Britain from 1929-32.
    (HNQ, 6/25/98)
1925        George Bernard Shaw (1856-1850), Irish-born, English dramatist, critic and social reformer, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.237)(HN, 7/26/98)(AP, 3/15/00)(MC, 7/26/02)

1925        The US Federal Corrupt Practices Act required campaign contribution disclosures in federal elections.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.D9)

1925        The US Congress passed a bill making arbitration agreements as enforceable as any other contract.
    (SSFC, 10/7/01, p.A20)

1925        The US Mail Special Delivery increased to $.15 for the guaranteed immediate delivery.
    (SFC, 6/7/97, p.A6)

1925        America created a Helium Reserve to supply the gas to inflate airships. The reserve was closed in the 1990s and the helium was sold off to pay debts of $1.4 billion.
    (Econ, 9/28/13, p.68)

1925        In San Francisco the two, twin, commercial buildings at 1118 and 1122 Howard St. were built. Solid land here had been created with sand over marshland. By 2013 images showed the buildings sagging against each other for support. 
    (SSFC, 4/21/13, p.C2)
1925        In Vallejo, Ca., the Improved Order of the Red Men, a fraternal organization dating back to the Revolutionary War, built their Red Men’s Hall.
    (SFC, 1/2/12, p.C1)
1925        The 94-unit Glen-Donald apartment building opened in the Westlake district of Los Angeles, Ca.
    (SFC, 8/20/10, p.C4)
1925        In Hollywood Jack’s Steakhouse opened at the corner of Santa Monica Boulevard and Formosa street. It was renamed the Formosa Cafe in 1939 and became a hangout for gangsters.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)
1925        Sumitomo Bank was founded in California to service the Japanese immigrant population. By 1996 it was California’s 5th largest bank.
    (WSJ, 12/30/96, p.A1)
1925        In San Francisco the 26-storey Pacific Telephone building was built at 140 New Montgomery St. The 435-foot building was designed by Timothy Pflueger, J.R. Miller and Alexander Cantin. In 2014 the revamped structure opened after being empty since 2008.
    (SSFC, 9/13/09, p.C2)(SFC, 3/20/14, p.A11)
1925        In San Francisco the 17-storey Pacific Gas & Electric Co. building was built at 245 Market. It was designed by architects Bakewell and Brown.
    (SSFC, 1/15/12, p.C10)
1925        In San Francisco Harding Park Golf Course opened next to Lake Merced. Construction costs were $295,000.
    (SFCM, 10/2/05, p.25)
1925        In San Francisco a west wing was added to the de Young Museum.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, DB p.8)
1925        In San Francisco the Central Jewish School at Grove and Buchanon was constructed. It later became a Korean church.
    (SFCM, 7/18/04, p.8)
1925        In San Francisco the Mother’s Building was built at Sloat Blvd and the Great Highway as a respite for nursing mothers. In 1934 the WPA sponsored murals inside by local artist Helen K. Forbes and Dorothy W. Pucinelli. In 2002 it was closed to the public as seismically unsafe.
    (SFC, 4/230/16, p.E1)
1925        In San Francisco Herbert Fleishhacker Sr. built the Fleishhacker Pool near Ocean Beach. The pool was the world's biggest outdoor saltwater swimming pool. It measured 1000 feet by 150 feet. It closed down in 1971. The Fleishhacker Playfield acquired a train called the Little Puffer after it was purchased by a local car dealer for 3 cases of gin and an old Oldsmobile. The train had carried ore in a Colorado mine and hauled freight in Santa Cruz. The SF Zoo (1929) used it for kids until 1978 when it was retired for a new gorilla exhibit. In 1997 there was a push to bring it back to service. The train was refurbished and started up again in 1998. [see 1929]
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A20) (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W38) (SFC, 8/26/98, p.A13) (SFC, 1/4/99, p.D2)(SFC, 7/30/04, p.E15)
1925        SF bought the lodge at Camp Mather and 22 cabins from the Curry Company for $12,500. Later 28 cabins, converted election booths from SF, were added.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, Z1 p.5)
1925        Old Kezar Stadium opened with a footrace. It closed in 1988 and re-opened in 1991 as a high school-sized stadium for 10,000.
    (SFCM, 8/10/03, p.7)
1925        Frank Geiss began to help organize the Cross City Race (begun in 1915 [see 1912]). He later became full-time manager of the event that became the "Bay to Breakers."
    (SFEM, 5/11/97, p.8)(SFEM, 5/10/98, p.10)
1925        In San Francisco the Schlage Lock and Key company located a new factory near the rail tracks in Visitacion Valley. The factory closed in 1999.
    (SFC, 8/26/00, p.A13)
1925        In San Francisco the Soko Hardware Co. was opened by the father of Masao Ashizawa at Buchanan and Post.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, p.D1)
1925        The SF Stock Exchange was first connected to the NY Stock Exchange when a ticker tape was installed by Western Union.
    (SFC, 7/24/98, p.B1)
1925        A.P. Giannini of SF bought the Bowery National Bank in NYC.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.B1)
1925        Emporium acquired the Fairfax property in Marin, Ca., for an employee retreat.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A19)
1924        In San Francisco William O’Connor (1884-1933), jewel thief, staged a $100,000 robbery at the Houston-Gillmore jewelry store. He was captured, convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison, but was later paroled for hospitalization in Idaho for his tuberculosis. In 1933 he requested to be returned to San Quentin, where he died in 1935.
    (SSFC, 7/11/10, DB p.42)
1925        The Copco 2 dam was constructed on the Klamath River in northern California just a quarter-mile downstream of the original dam. [see 1918]
1925        San Francisco held its last slave-girl raid.
    (SFC, 7/13/13, p.C2)
1925        The Los Angeles city charter was drawn up creating a weak mayor and a strong city council.
    (Econ, 3/2/13, p.29)

1925        The Chicago Board of Trade Clearing Corp. became the legal counter-party to buyers and sellers of derivative contracts.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.94)
1925        The 1st Sears retail store opened on Chicago’s west side.
    (WSJ, 11/18/04, p.B1)
1925        Al Capone took over power in Chicago’s underworld, where 400 gang murders per year were recorded.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1925)

1925        In Massachusetts the elegant Miles Standish Hotel was built steps from the Charles River and Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox. It was purchased by Boston University in 1949 and converted into dorms.
    (AP, 9/21/21)

1925        New York City surpassed London in size.
    (Econ., 7/6/20, p.14)
1925        Hugo Gernsback, publisher and inventor, founded radio station WRNY in NYC.
    (ON, 11/05, p.11)
1925        Howard Deering Johnson started his food empire with an ice-cream shop outside Boston. By the 1960s a new HoJo restaurant was opening every nine days. In 1979 the Johnsons sold the company. By 2017 only one HoJo restaurant was left in Lake George, NY. The motel-lodge arm still existed owned by Wyndham Hotels.
    (Econ, 2/18/17, p.25)

1925        Ossian Sweet, a black doctor who had moved into a white neighborhood of Detroit, was indicted on murder charges after defending his property and life against a mob attack. In 2004 Phyllis Vine authored "One Man's Castle: Clarence Darrow in Defense of the American Dream."
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.M4)

1925        AT&T founded Bell Labs as its research and development subsidiary at 463 West Street, New York. By this year the company had achieved a virtual monopoly on local telephone service. Frank B. Jewett was the first president of Bell Labs and continued to 1940. In 2012 Jon Gertner authored “The Idea Factory: Bell Labs and the Great Age of American Innovation."
    (www.flickr.com/photos/businesshistory/907685155/)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.97)

1925        Horace Liveright, American-Jewish publisher, sold his chief asset, the Modern Library, to Bennet Cerf. This marked the birth of Random House Publ.
    (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. B-1)

1925        GM’s earnings surpassed Ford.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1925        Ford opened a plant in Yokohama, Japan.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1925        The Hearst Corp. acquired Town & Country magazine.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1925        The Rockford Silver Plate Co. was sold to Raymond Sheets and was re-named to Sheets-Rockford Silver Plate Co.
    (SFC,11/26/97, Z1 p.7)

1925        Aaron Streit, an Austrian immigrant, founded Streit’s kosher matzo factory in Manhattan’s lower East Side.
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, Par p.4)

1925        Enclosed cars outsold open cars for the first time and created a big demand for windows.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1925        The Warner Brothers became a public corporation.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)

1925        The Int’l. Opium Convention placed controls on the int’l. trade in hashish and marijuana. Use of marijuana was still legal in the US and many other countries.
    (WSJ, 2/8/05, p.D7)

1925        Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian physicist, discovered his exclusion principle. This says that two similar particles cannot exist in the same state, that is they cannot have both the same position and the same velocity, within the limits given by the uncertainty principle. Pauli postulated the existence of neutrinos in the 1930s.
    (BHT, Hawking, p.67)(SFC, 7/21/00, p.B2)

1925        Bill Peterson, a blacksmith, invented locking pliers later known as vice-grips.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, Z1 p.2)

1925        2,000 people died of liquor poisoning in the US and the government seized 173,000 illegal stills.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1925)

1925        Ernest Van Tassel leases 75 acres on Round Top in Honolulu (Nut Ridge) and began a macadamia nut orchard, Hawaii's first macadamia nut farm.

1925        The Kentucky statewide spelling bee went national after 9 newspapers accepted an invitation from the Louisville Courier-Journal to send students to compete for a national spelling crown. Frank Neuhauser (1914-2011) won the first national spelling bee with the word “gladiolus." In 1941 the Scripps Howard media group took over sponsorship over the annual event.
    (WSJ, 5/28/99, p.W11)(SFC, 3/23/11, p.A4)

1925        The US unemployment rate was 3%.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.1)

1925        Rudolf Steiner (b.1861), Austrian philosopher and educator and founder of the Waldorf School, died. He was the founder of the spiritual view called anthroposophy which included a complicated theory of child development that formed the basis of the Waldorf method for teaching children.
    (SFC, 10/29/00, p.A7)

1925        Ahmed Zogu, a conservative northern tribal chief of Albania, seized power.
    (Compuserve Online, Grolier’s Amer. Acad. Enc./ Albania)

1925        The Ghazir rug, created by orphans of the Armenian genocide (1915-1917), was donated to US Pres. Calvin Coolidge.
    (SFC, 10/16/14, p.A10)

1925        Franz Colruyt, Belgian baker, set up a wholesale business importing coffee and spices from overseas. In 2002 the 160th Colruyt store opened in Belgium.
    (WSJ, 9/22/03, p.R3)

1925        Mr. Roberto Marinho (1904-2003) inherited the Rio newspaper O Globo 23 days after it was founded by his father who suddenly died. He learned the business as a reporter and editor and took over as editor in chief in 1931. The operation later expanded to dominate the television market.
    (WSJ, 12/4/95, p.A-9)(WSJ, 9/29/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A14)
1925        Percy Harrison Fawcett, former British cricketer and soldier, vanished along with his son Jack in the Mato Grosso region of Brazil. In 2009 David Grann authored “The Lost City of Z: A Tale of Deadly Obsession in the Amazon."
    (WSJ, 2/27/09, p.W6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_City_of_Z)

1925        The Locarno Treaty was signed between Britain, Belgium, Germany, Italy and France. It was a treaty of non-aggression by Germany, France and Belgium and a mutual guarantee and promise of assistance by Britain, France, Belgium, Germany and Italy to maintain the demilitarization of the Rhineland. It was not a true guarantee against a German invasion, only a promise by Britain to send troops after an invasion.
    (WSJ, 10/28/97, p.A22)
1925        In debates over the Geneva Protocol opponents touted poison gas as a "decisive offensive weapon." A ban on chemical and biological weapons was signed by most nations, but not the US until much later. The Geneva Convention outlawed the use of biological warfare, but did not prohibit nations from continuing the production of biological agents.
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.C2)(NH, 10/98, p.18)(AH, 6/03, p.46)

1925        Britain set a deposit limit for parliamentary candidates at £150, and it remained fixed to 1985. As of 2017 it was £500.
    (Econ 7/1/17, p.35)
1925        The British coal-mining industry suffered an economic crisis.
1925        The sale of British titles was prohibited by the Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act.
1925        Britain set its retirement age at 65.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.16)
1925        Winston Churchill returned the British pound to a gold standard.
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.31)
1925        Tomkins Corp. (TKS-NYSE) was originally founded as F. H. Tomkins Buckle Company, a small British manufacturer of buckles and fasteners. By 2006 the Company had grown to become an international engineering business with sales of £3 billion and some 40,000 employees throughout the world.
1925        Lord George Curzon (b.1859), British former Viceroy over India, died. In 2003 David Gilmour authored the biography "Curzon: Imperial Statesman."
    (WUD, 1994, p.357)(WSJ, 6/11/03, p.D10)(SSFC, 7/6/03, p.M6)

1925        In China a palace museum was established in the former imperial precincts and opened to public view.
    (SFEC, 10/6/96, DB p.37)
1925        The All-China Federation of Trade Unions was founded. In 1927 it was crushed by the nationalist government and then rose with the ascension of the Communist Party in 1949. It was crushed again in the Cultural Revolution and then revived following Mao’s death.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.66)

1925        CongoDRC’s Virunga National Park, a 7,800-square-km (3,011-square-mile) park, was created. It was classified a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)

1925        In Cuba Gerardo Machado was elected as president.
    (AH, 4/07, p.17)
1925         In Cuba a monument to the battleship Maine was inaugurated bearing the names of all 266 sailors who died in the ship’s 1898 explosion in Havana Harbor. Two statues standing shoulder-to-shoulder at the base represented a maternal America guiding the maiden Cuba into independence.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

1925        Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus fled Weimar, Germany, for Dessau after conservative city officials halted financing.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A10)(Econ, 8/16/08, p.54)
1925        In Germany Fritz Haarmann, known as the "Butcher of Hannover," was beheaded with a guillotine after being found guilty of murdering more than two dozen young men between 1918 and 1924. The case is said to have served as one of the inspirations for Fritz Lang's 1931 thriller "M." Haarmann’s body was cremated in 2015.
    (AP, 1/24/15)
1925        Lovis Corinth (b.1858), German Expressionist painter, died.
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.C7)(SFC, 3/26/02, p.D6)

1925        In India the National Volunteer Corps, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), was founded by Dr. K.B. Hedgewar. The Hindu revival group was highly disciplined and led its members in military style physical training. The corps spawned a political movement that coalesced as the BJP in 1980. By 2007 it was the world’s largest voluntary movement dedicated to social welfare.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashtriya_Swayamsevak_Sangh)(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(WSJ, 2/27/98, p.A1)

1925        The golden dome of the Askariya shrine in Samarra, Iraq, was completed.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

1925        In Italy Benito Mussolini assumed dictatorial powers.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-16)

1925        Japan’s election law this year, inspired by Britain, set a deposit limit for parliamentary candidates. The limit gradually rose to keep up with inflation.
    (Econ 7/1/17, p.35)

1925        Kenya’s population was about 2.6 million.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.94)

1925        Khuzestan, an autonomous Arab emirate once known as Arabistan, was annexed by the British-backed shah of Iran. The area, inhabited by the Ahwazi Arabs, was rich in oil and by 2006 produced about 90% of Iran’s oil.
    (SSFC, 11/5/06, p.A16)

1925        Korea’s first communist party was founded.
    (Econ, 10/3/15, p.42)

1925        The YIVO Institute, devoted to Jewish and Yiddish culture and scholarship, was founded in Vilnius, Lithuania. It promoted the Yiddish language as the linchpin of European Jewish culture. By 1933 under Max Weinreich it succeeded in raising $10,000 re renovate a building beyond the crowded streets of the Jewish quarter.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A15)(SSFC, 6/3/12, p.F4)

1925        A young Chinese woman walked into a welfare office in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and tried to blow up two British functionaries.
    (Econ., 11/28/20, p.76)

1925        Miron Cristea (1868-1939) was enthroned as the first Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church.

1925        In Rwanda’s Virunga Mountains the Volcanoes National Park was formed to protect gorillas from poaching.
    (SSFC, 6/23/13, p.M3)

1925        The Soviets shut down Caspian oil from the West.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Par p.14)

1925        The Great Syrian Revolt, aka the Great Druze Revolt, was aimed against the French occupation in place since 1918. It was put down by the French by 1927.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Syrian_Revolt)(Econ, 7/11/15, p.73)

1925        Goat races began in Tobago as a working-class alternative to horse racing. In 20011 the Buccoo Goat Race Festival, scheduled for April 25-26, sought support on Facebook.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

1925        Turkey’s Pres. Kemal Ataturk divorced his wife, Latife Ussaki, following a 2-year marriage. In 2006 Ipek Calislar authored a biography of Ussaki.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.60)

1925        An unsuccessful student strike took place in Hanoi, Vietnam.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A24)

1925-1926    Edward Christopher Williams (1871-1929), black playwright, teacher and librarian, published "When Washington Was in Vogue," a serialized novel in The Messenger, a socialist magazine.
    (WSJ, 1/23/04, p.W5)

1925-1927    The albums "Louis Armstrong, the Hot Fives and Sevens, Vol. 1-3" were recorded on Columbia Legacy.
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)

1925-1933    Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, was used by Al Capone-led mobsters to store liquor for smuggling to the US on the Soo Line. Underground tunnels, built for steam heating the city, were converted mob quarters. In 2000 "The Tunnels of Moose Jaw" opened as a tourist attraction.
    (WSJ, 8/19/02, p.B1)

1925-1939    Joseph Roth (1894-1939), an Austrian Jew, was assigned to Paris by a Frankfurt newspaper. After one year the job was given to a Nationalist. He stayed in Paris and wrote for emigre publications and railed against Germany and racism in his essays and novels. In 2004 his selected essays appeared in English as "Report From a Parisian Paradise: Essays from France, 1925-1939."
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M4)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.74)

1925-1961    In Ireland 796 babies and toddlers were buried in a septic tank at a home for unmarried mothers in Tuam County, Galway. This was reported in 2014 and put the government under pressure to launch an investigation.
    (SSFC, 6/8/14, p.A4)(SFC, 6/9/14, p.A2)(Econ, 6/14/14, p.48)

1925-1965    Malcolm X, writer and a leader of the Nation of Islam in the US. His original name was Malcolm Little. In 1964 he founded his own movement and was assassinated a year later.
    (AHD, p.790)(Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 36)

1925-1968     Robert F. Kennedy: "The free way of life proposes ends, but it does not prescribe means."
    (AP, 6/5/97)

1925-1997    Marianna Pineda, sculptor. She began sculpting women in the 1950s.
    (WSJ, 1/27/98, p.A20)

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