Timeline 1910 - 1911

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1910        Jan 3, British miners struck for an 8 hour working day.
    (MC, 1/3/02)
1910        Jan 3, The Social Democratic Congress in Germany demanded universal suffrage.
    (HN, 1/3/99)

1910        Jan 4, Leon Walrus (b.1834), French economist, died. In 1874 he wrote and published the first edition of his magnum opus, the “Elements of Pure Economics."

1910        Jan 6, Wright Morris (d.1998 at 88), author, was born in Central City, Nebraska. He wrote 33 books over his career.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D7)
1910        Jan 6, Union leaders asked President Taft to investigate U.S. Steel practices.
    (HN, 1/6/99)

1910        Jan 7, Alain JG de Rothschild, banker and baron, was born in France.
    (MC, 1/7/02)

1910        Jan 13, Andrew Jackson Davis (b.1826), American clairvoyant, died. While in a mesmeric (hypnotic) trance, could allegedly communicate with the spirit world and accurately diagnose medical disorders. In 1850, in his book the “Great Harmonia," Davis talks about how man evolved from animals and that evolution also took place in plants and animals up to man.

1910        Jan 16, David McCampbell, US pilot and captain (WW II-Pacific-downed 34 Japanese planes), was born.
    (MC, 1/16/02)

1910        Jan 20, Joy Adamson, British author and naturalist, was born. He lived in Kenya and wrote "Born Free."
    (HN, 1/20/99)

1910        Jan 21, Angel Island opened as an immigration processing and detention center and became known as the Ellis Island of the West. It processed some 1 million people until 1940. 50,000 Chinese entered the US through Angel Island. It closed after a fire in 1940.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W37)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)(SFC, 1/21/10, p.A12)
1910        Jan 21, A British-Russian military intervention took place in Persia.
    (MC, 1/21/02)
1910        Jan 21, Japan rejected the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway.
    (HN, 1/21/99)

1910        Jan 24, Louis Paulhan, French aviator, made an aerial display at the Tanforan Race Track in San Bruno, Ca., before a crowd of 75,000. He flew his biplane 1,300 (700) feet high at 70 mph. Earlier he took William Randolph Hearst for a ride.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(Ind, 8/17/02, 5A)(SSFC, 1/24/10, DB p.42)

1910        Feb 7, Edmond Rostand's "Chanticleer," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1910            Feb 8, The Boy Scouts of America was incorporated in Washington, D.C. by William D. Boyce, a wealthy Chicago publisher who learned of the "scouts" on a trip to England the previous year.
    (NPR, 7/26/95)(HN, 2/8/98)(AP, 2/8/99)
1910        Feb 8, James W. Coffroth (1872-1943), SF boxing promoter, arrived in SF from London winning a bet that he could make the trip in ten days.

1910        Feb 10, Dominique Georges Pire, Belgian cleric and educator, was born.
    (HN, 2/10/01)

1910        Feb 11, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. and Eleanor Alexander announced their wedding date—June 20, 1910. President Theodore Roosevelt signed a bill creating Mesa Verde National Park.
    (HN, 2/11/97)

1910        Feb 13, William B. Shockley, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in 1956.
    (HN, 2/13/01)(MC, 2/13/02)

1910        Feb 17, In San Francisco 3 elephants appearing at a Broadway vaudeville house went on a rampage while parading in North Beach.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, DB p.42)

1910        Feb 19, English premiere of Richard Strauss' "Elektra."
    (MC, 2/19/02)
1910        Feb 19, Mary Mallon (aka Typhoid Mary) was released from 4 years of quarantine on New York’s North Brother Island. She was a carrier of Salmonella typhi, the bacterium that causes typhus, but showed no symptoms herself. In 1914 she caused a typhus outbreak in the Sloane Maternity Hospital. She was again arrested and returned to North Brother Island where she died Nov 11, 1938.
    (ON, 7/01, p.12)(Econ, 4/11/20, p.62)

1910        Feb 20, Julian Trevelyan, English Surrealist painter, collage maker, was born.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1910        Feb 21, John Galsworthy's "Justice," premiered in London.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1910        Feb 22, In San Francisco the Sierra Club, under the leadership of Prof. A.G. McAdie, named 2 peaks of the Sutro Forest. The loftiest peak in the city was named Mount Davidson in honor of noted English-born geographer George Davidson (1825-1911), and the other Sutro Crest, in honor of former mayor and philanthropist Adolph Sutro.
    (SSFC, 2/21/10, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Davidson_%28geographer%29)

1910        Feb 23, George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance," premiered in London.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1910        Feb 25, The Dalai Lama fled from the Chinese and took refuge in India.
    (HN, 2/25/98)

1910        Feb 27, Peter De Vries, writer, poetry editor (Reuben Reuben, Prick of Noon)(Poetry Magazine, The New Yorker), was born.
    (HN, 2/27/01)(MC, 2/27/02)

1910        Feb 28, Vincente Minnelli, director (American in Paris, Gigi), was born in Chicago, IL.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1910        Mar 1, An avalanche at Wellington, Wa., pushed two Great Northern trains carrying 96 people over a ledge at Stevens Pass.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, p.C10)

1910        Mar 6, In San Francisco a dance marathon at Puckett’s Cotillion Hall ended and Manager Puckett awarded $145 to six couples who broke the world record of 14 hours and 41 minutes. The contest had begun the previous evening with 17 couples.
    (SSFC, 2/28/10, DB p.42)

1910        Mar 8, Claire Trevor (d.2000), Hollywood actress, was born. [some sources place her birth in 1909]
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C14)
1910        Mar 8, Baroness de Laroche became the first women to obtain a pilot’s license in France.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1910        Mar 9, Samuel Barber, American composer, was born. His work includes "Medea’s Meditation and Dance of Vengeance."
    (WUD, 1994, p.119)(SFC, 10/5/96, p.E1)(HN, 3/9/98)

1910        Mar 10, Slavery was abolished in China.
    (HN, 3/10/98)
1910        Mar 10, Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke (85), composer, died.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1910        Mar 17, The Camp Fire Girls organization was formed in Lake Sebago, Maine. It was formally presented to the public exactly two years later.
    (AP, 3/17/97)(HN, 3/17/01)

1910        Mar 21, The U.S. Senate granted ex-President Teddy Roosevelt a pension of $10,000 yearly.
    (HN, 3/21/98)

1910        Mar 23, Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (Living, Rashomon, The Seven Samurai), was born in Tokyo, Japan.
    (HN, 3/23/01)(SS, 3/23/02)
1910        Mar 23, 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway).
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1910        Mar 26, US forbade immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers and the sick.
    (SS, 3/26/02)
1910        Mar 26, William H. Lewis was appointed Assistant Attorney General of US.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1910        Mar 27, John Robinson Pierce, the father of communications satellites, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/01)
1910        Mar 27, Alexander E. Agassiz (74), US businessman, biologist, geologist, died.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1910        Mar 28, Pres. Theodore Roosevelt gave his “Law and Order in Egypt" speech at Cairo Univ. Sheikh Ali Yusuf, Muslim cleric and popular columnist, had written an open letter in praise of Roosevelt’s visit, but the president’s imperious tone soon disappointed Egyptian hopes.
    (www.mobipocket.com/EN/eBooks/eBookDetails.asp?BookID=86377)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.1910)
1910        Mar 28, The first seaplane took off from water at Martinques, France.
    (HN, 3/28/98)

1910        Mar 29, Helen Wells, author of the Cherry Ames series, was born.
    (HN, 3/29/01)

1910        Apr 2, Karl Harris perfected the process for the artificial synthesis of rubber.
    (HN, 4/2/98)
1910        Apr 2, Boyd Alexander (37), English explorer (Niger to the Nile), was murdered.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1910        Apr 3, Alaska’s Mt. McKinley, the highest mountain in North America, was climbed.
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1910        Apr 8, Harriet Doerr (d.2002) was born as Harriet Huntington, grand-daughter of railroad tycoon Henry Edwards Huntington, in Pasadena. In 1984 she won the American Book Award for 1st fiction for "Stone for Ibarra."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)

1910        Apr 11, Anna Magnani, Italian actress (Awakening, Roma), was born.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1910        Apr 14, President William Howard Taft began a sports tradition by throwing out the first pitch on baseball’s Opening Day. Taft threw to Washington Senator pitcher Walter Johnson, who went on to hurl a shutout win, allowing the Philadelphia Phillies just one hit and ending the day with a 3-0 victory for Washington.
    (HNQ, 8/9/02)

1910        Apr 15, In San Francisco detective Tim Riordan arrested Jolly Trixie, aka Miss Kitty Plunkett, for allegedly violating the Penal Code. She was accused of being deformed and exhibiting her deformity in a Fillmore Street show house. Plunkett said she weighed only 585 pounds as opposed to the alleged 685 pounds. 2 physicians testified that she was perfectly symmetrical.
    (SSFC, 4/11/10, DB p.50)

1910        Apr 19, After weeks of being viewed through telescopes, Halley's Comet was reported visible to the naked eye in Curacao.
    (AP, 4/19/00)

1910        Apr 20, Robert F. Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65), was born.
    (MC, 4/20/02)
1910        Apr 20, Eva Swan (26), a SF schoolteacher, disappeared. Doctor’s assistant Ben Gordon (18) kept the secret until after a fight with Dr. James Grant over $18 in wages. He then went to the police. Her body was found on Sep 23 buried under a basement at 320 Eureka St. and soaking in nitric acid with every joint sawed through. Grant and nurse Marie Messerschmidt were arrested on murder charges after the failed abortion went awry.
    (http://realchoice.0catch.com/library/deaths/bl10eswan.htm)(SSFC, 9/19/10, DB p.50)

1910        Apr 21, Author Mark Twain (b.1835), born as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, died in Redding, Conn. His work included "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court," "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer," and "More Tramps Abroad." His short story "The War Prayer" was published after his death. In 1912 Albert Bigelow Paine authored "Mark Twain: A Biography." In 1959 Charles Neider authored "The Autobiography of Mark Twain." In 1966 Justin Kaplan authored "Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain: A Biography." In 1997 Andrew Hoffman authored "Inventing Mark Twain, The Lives of Samuel Langhorn Clemens. In 2005 Ron Powers authored “Mark Twain: A Life." In 2007 Peter Krass authored “Ignorance, Confidence, and Filthy Rich Friends: The Business Adventures of Mark Twain." In 2010 Jerome Loving authored “Mark Twain: The Adventures of Samuel L. Clemens." In 2010 Volume I of Twain’s dictated autobiography was published. In 2013 Volume II was published.
    (http://courant.ctnow.com/probjects/twain/timeline.htm)(SFC, 7/13/01, p.D5)(SSFC, 9/30/01, p.D6)(SSFC, 11/27/05, p.M2)(WSJ, 3/13/07, p.D5)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.93)(SSFC, 11/7/10, p.F1)(SSFC, 10/13/12, p.F3)
1910        Apr 21, Halley’s Comet was visible in the night sky. Entrepreneurs peddled "comet gas masks" for people worried about the Earth's passage through poisonous cyanogen gas in the comet's tail.
    (NH, 5/97, p.18)(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.B10)

1910        Apr 28, In San Francisco there was a mass meeting at the Merchants’ Exchange building. Business leaders pledged over $4,000,000 for the Panama Pacific International Exposition campaign fund.
    (SFC, 4/29, 1910)
1910        Apr 28, The first night air flight was performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1910        May 3, Alceo Galliera, composer, conductor, was born.
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1910        May 4, Tel Aviv was founded.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1910        May 6, Edward VII (68), Britain's King (1901-1910), died and George V ascended to the British throne.
    (AP, 5/6/97)(MC, 5/6/02)

1910        May 8, Mary Lou Williams, jazz pianist and composer, was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)
1910        May 8, Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno (b.1859) began serving his first term as president of Costa Rica. In 1914 he was succeeded by Alfredo Gonzalez Flores.

1910        May 10, The 1st aircraft air display was held at Hendon, England.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1910        May 11, Glacier National Park in Montana was established.
    (AP, 5/11/97)

1910        May 15, Robert F. Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1949-65), was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1910        May 18, Passage of Earth through tail of Halley's Comet caused near-panic.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1910        May 18, Flor van Duyse (66), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1910        May 23, Franz Kline (d.1962), American painter of abstract expressionist style, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
1910        May 23, Artie Shaw (d.2004), jazz bandleader and clarinetist, was born as Arthur Jacoby Arshawsky on the Lower East Side of NYC to poor Eastern European Jewish immigrants.
    (HN, 5/23/01)(SFC, 12/31/04, p.A4)

1910        May 25, Ernest Anderson, publicist, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1910        May 26, Laurance S. Rockefeller, CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1910        May 27, Robert Koch (b.1843), German bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel), died.

1910        May 28, T-Bone Walker, blues guitarist and singer, was born.
    (HN, 5/28/01)
1910        May 28, Kalman Mikszath (b.1847), Hungarian satirical novelist, died.
    (Sm, 3/06, p.79)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0586690/)

1910        May 29, Pope's encyclical on Editae Saepe was against church reformers.
    (SC, 5/29/02)
1910        May 29, Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev (73), Russian composer (Islamej), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1910        May 31, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell (b.1821), the first American woman to become a doctor, died. She and colleagues founded the New York Infirmary for Women and Children (1857).
1910        May 31, The Union of South Africa was founded as a union within the British Empire. It combined four British colonies: the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal Colony and the Orange River Colony. (The latter two were, before the Second Boer War, independent republics known as the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.) These colonies became the four original provinces of the Union: Cape Province, Transvaal Province, Natal Province and Orange Free State Province.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provinces_of_South_Africa)(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 566)(AP, 5/31/97)

1910        Jun 2, Charles Stewart Rolls, one of the founders of Rolls-Royce, becomes the first man to fly an airplane nonstop across the English Channel both ways. Tragically, he became Britain's first aircraft fatality the following month when his biplane broke up in midair.
    (HN, 6/2/00)
1910        Jun 2, Pygmies were discovered in Dutch New Guinea (Papua).
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1910        Jun 9, Passenger on SS Arawatta threw a bottle with note overboard. It was found June 6, 1983, in Queensland.
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1910        Jun 11, Carmine Coppola (d.1991), composer, conductor (Godfather II, Apocalypse Now), was born.
1910        Jun 11, Jacques Cousteau (d.1997), pioneer sea explorer, was born in Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, France. He invented the aqualung and wrote "The Living Sea."
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)(HN, 6/11/99)

1910        Jun 14, Rudolf Kempe, conductor, was born in Niederpoyritz, Germany.
    (MC, 6/14/02)

1910        Jun 15, The ship Terra Nova departed Cardiff, Wales, on its expedition to the Ross Sea and South Pole. Expedition leader Robert Falcon Scott  joined the ship in South Africa. Herbert Ponting (1870-1935) served as the expedition photographer and cinematographer. In this role, he captured some of the most enduring images of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terra_Nova_Expedition)(SSFC, 11/3/13, DB p.42)         

1910        Jun 17, Congress refuses to make a decision on a site for the PPIE. Southern delegation in Congress, led by New Orleans, blocks confirmation of San Francisco and Congress adjourned with a "whomever comes in with the most money" by the Fall congressional session, will get the Fair.
    (SFC, 6/18, 1910)

1910        Jun 19, Father's Day was celebrated in Spokane Washington. Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington, has been credited with the concept for Father's Day. Dodd sought a way to honor her own father, who had raised her as a single parent. In 1924 the holiday was approved by President Calvin Coolidge and, in 1972, President Richard Nixon officially recognized the third Sunday in June as Father's Day. An earlier observance of Father's Day actually took place in Fairmont, West Virginia on July 5, 1908. The special day was organized by Mrs. Grace Golden Clayton, who wanted to celebrate the lives of the 210 fathers who had been lost in the Monongah Mining disaster several months earlier, on December 6, 1907.
    (AP, 6/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Father%27s_Day)

1910        Jun 20, Chester Arthur Burnett (d.1976) was born in West Point, Mississippi. He later became known as the blues singer Howlin’ Wolf.
    (SSFC, 7/4/04, p.M6)(www.britannica.com)
1910        Jun 20, Josephine Johnson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author (Jordanstown, Wildwood), was born.
    (HN, 6/20/01)
1910        Jun 20, Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaimed martial law and arrested hundreds.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1910        Jun 22, German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich announced a definitive cure for syphilis.
    (AP, 6/22/01)

1910        Jun 23, Jean Anouilh, French playwright, was born.
    (HN, 6/23/01)

1910        Jun 24, The Japanese army invaded Korea.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1910        Jun 25, An Act of US Congress established a postal savings system in post offices, effective January 1, 1911. It paid 2% interest on deposits not to exceed $2,500. In 1966 post offices stopped taking deposits. A 1984 law declared that no claims on funds would be honored after July 13, 1985.
    (www.usps.com/history/his2_5.htm)(SFC, 11/30/05, p.G3)
1910        Jun 25, The Mann Act was passed in the US. It forbade transporting women across state lines for immoral purposes.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1910        Jul 28, Bill Goodwin, announcer (Burns & Allen, Boing Boing Show), was born in SF, Calif.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1910        Jun 29, Frank Loesser, songwriter, was born.
    (HN, 6/29/01)

1910        Jul 4, African-American Jack Johnson knocked out Jim Jeffries in the 15th round of a heavyweight boxing match in Reno, Nevada. As Johnson entered the ring a band played “All Coons Look Alike to Me." Johnson’s victory prompted race riots in major cities across the United States leaving as many as 26 people dead. Jack London covered the match and coined the phrase "The great white hope" in his story.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.B10)(Econ, 6/21/08, p.104)(ON, 4/09, p.7)
1910        Jul 4, Melville W. Fuller (b.1833), US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1888-1910), died after serving over 21 years. He favored limited government, economic liberty, private property rights, free trade and contractual freedom.
    (SFC, 9/6/05, p.A4)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/50/)
1910        Jul 4, The new San Mateo County Courthouse, referred to as the Temple of Justice, opened in Redwood City, Ca. It integrated the stained-glass dome from the original structure destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. It later became the home of the San Mateo County History Museum.
    (Ind, 2/2/99, p.11A)(SFC, 8/27/15, p.E6)

1910        Jul 6, Dorothy Kirsten, opera singer, was born.
    (HN, 7/6/01)

1910         Aug 7, In San Francisco the Chutes vaudeville theater on Fillmore St. attracted Sophie Tucker, who revived her career after being black-balled by Flo Ziegfeld back in New York. Tucker performed the Grizzly Bear song in San Francisco. Sophie Tucker at the Chutes theater creates a genuine furor with her rendition of “The Dance of the Grizzly Bear." She did two Sunday through Saturday runs, August 7 - 13, and September 18 - 24. in 1910.
    (AJSF, Vol. 14. No. 2, Winter, 2003)(http://sfpl.org/index.php?pg=2000131701)

1910        Aug 9, Alva Fisher patented the first complete, self-contained electric washing machine.
    (HN, 8/9/00)(MC, 8/9/02)

1912        Aug 10, Leonard Woolf (1880-1969), English man of letters, married writer Virginia Duckworth (b.1882). Virginia Woolf committed suicide in 1941.
    (WSJ, 12/17/05, p.P13)(www.online-literature.com/virginia_woolf/)

1910        Aug 13, Florence Nightingale (90), British nurse famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, died. In 2004 Gillian Gill authored “Nightingales: The Extraordinary Upbringing and Curious Life of Miss Florence Nightingale." In 2008 Mark Bostridge authored Florence Nightingale: The Making of an Icon."
    (HN, 8/13/98)(SSFC, 9/5/04, p.M3)(AP, 8/13/07)(WSJ, 10/21/08, p.A17)

1910        Aug 15, Hugo Winterhalter, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1910        Aug 19, The advance guard of the Barnum & Bailey Circus began arriving in San Francisco, claiming to be the biggest ever to visit the Pacific Coast. It included 1,280 people, 85 railroad cars, 700 horses and 400 elephants.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, DB p.42)

1910        Aug 20, Eero Saarinen (d.1961), Finnish-US architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), was born in Rantasalmi, Finland.
    (MC, 8/20/02)
1910        Aug 20, The 1st shot fired from an airplane was during a test flight over Brooklyn's Sheepshead Bay.
    (WSJ, 5/20/03, p.D5)

1910        Aug 20-1910 Aug 21, The Great Idaho Fire killed 86 people and destroyed some 3 million acres of timber in Idaho, Montana and Washington. In 2009 Timothy Egan authored “The Big Burn: Teddy Roosevelt and the Fire That Save America."
    (http://www.idahoforests.org/fires.htm)(SFC, 12/1/09, p.E8)

1910        Aug 22, Japan annexed Korea following 5 years as a protectorate and ruled for 35 years.
    (WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-1)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 215)(AP, 8/22/06)

1910        Aug 26, William James (b.1842), American psychologist and philosopher, died. His work included “the Principles of Psychology" (1890) and “The Varieties of Religious Experience" (1902). William James was the older brother of novelist Henry James. In 2006 Robert D. Richardson authored the biography: “William James."

1910        Aug 26-27, Agnes Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (d.1997), later known as Mother Teresa and care-taker of the poor in Calcutta, was born to an ethnic Albanian family in Skopje, Macedonia. She later founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta and was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for her work.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A10)(SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)(AP, 9/12/03)

1910         Aug 27, Thomas Edison demonstrated the first "talking" pictures using a phonograph in his New Jersey laboratory.
    (HN, 8/27/01)

1910        Aug 31, Theodore Roosevelt laid out his progressive philosophy as he delivered the "New Nationalism" speech at Osawatomie, Kansas, effecting a split in the Republican Party. The speech was interpreted as an assault upon the conservatism of the Taft administration. In the speech, Roosevelt proclaimed that the New Nationalism "maintains that every man holds his property subject to the general right of the community to regulate its use to whatever degree the public welfare may require it." He also warned that America’s industrial economy had been taken over by a handful of corporate giants garnering wealth for a small number of people.
    (HNQ, 12/22/99)(Econ, 10/13/12, p.23)(Econ, 9/17/16, SR p.3)

1910        Sep 1, Jack Hawkins, actor (Ben-Four Just Men) was born in London, England.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1910        Sep 2, Alice Stebbins Wells was admitted to the Los Angeles Police Force as the first woman police officer to receive an appointment based on a civil service exam.
    (HN, 9/2/98)
1910        Sep 2, Henri "le Douanier" Rousseau (b.1844), French ambassador and painter, died in Paris. He had recently completed his masterpiece “The Dream."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Rousseau)(WSJ, 9/13/06, p.D10)

1910        Sep 5, Marie Curie demonstrated the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
    (HN, 9/5/98)

1910        Sep 8, Jean-Louis Barrault, director and actor (Les Enfants du Paradis), was born in Vesinet, France.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1910        Sep 11, Gerhard Schroder, German chancellor, was born.
    (MC, 9/11/01)
1910        Sep 11, The 1st commercially successful electric bus line opened in Hollywood.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1910        Sep 12, Alexander D. Langmuir, epidemiologist, was born. He created and led the U.S. Epidemic Intelligence Service.
    (HN, 9/12/00)
1910        Sep 12, Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony premiered in Munich with 1028 musicians.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1910        Sep 19, George Cohan's "Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 9/19/01)

1910        Sep 23, Elliot Roosevelt, son of FDR and writer (Murder in the Oval Office), was born.
    (MC, 9/23/01)

1910        Sep 27, 1st test flight of a twin-engined airplane was made in France.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1910        Sep, Hendrik Baekeland joined with investors to form the General Bakelite Company.
    (ON, 9/05, p.12)
1910        Sep, In Chicago a spontaneous strike by a handful of women workers led to a citywide strike of 45,000 garment workers. That strike was a bitter one and pitted the strikers against not only their employers and the local authorities, but also their own union.

1910        Oct 1, Mass. 1st state fair was the Berkshire Cattle Fair in Pittsfield.
    (MC, 10/1/01)
1910        Oct 1, Trade unionists, aggrieved by the anti-union stance of the Los Angeles Times, bombed the Times building at 1st and Broadway killing 21 nonunion pressman and linotype operators. A new Los Angeles Times building was completed in 1935. In 2008 Howard Blum authored “American Lightning: Terror, Mystery, The Birth of Hollywood, and the Crime of the Century."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_Times_bombing)(WSJ, 9/16/08, p.A23)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.35)
1910        Oct 1, At midnight a strict anti-gambling law became effective in Nevada. It even forbid the western custom of flipping a coin for the price of a drink. Illegal but accepted gambling flourished until 1931 when the Nevada Legislature approved a legalized gambling bill authored by Phil Tobin, a Northern Nevada rancher.
    (SFEC, 5/10/98, DB p.64)(http://www.lvol.com/lvoleg/hist/lvhist.html)

1910        Oct 3, San Francisco new police Chief Seymour closed down dancing of the “bunny hug" and the “hug-me-tight" in the Tenderloin. As of the next day female habitues of the Tenderloin will not be allowed to puff their usual cigarettes in public.
    (SSFC, 10/3/10, DB p.50)

1910        Oct 4, Scottish surgeon Joseph Bell died. He was the real-life model for Arthur Conan Doyle's character Sherlock Holmes.
    (MC, 10/4/01)

1910        Oct 10, Charles E. Hughes (1862-1948) was sworn in as associate Justice on the US Supreme Court. He resigned in 1916. In 1930 he became Chief Justice.
1910        Oct 10, A "Write your Congressman" postcard campaign was launched. Throughout the State, postcards were distributed so people would sent them to out-of-state friends and relatives, urging them to write their local Congressman to support San Francisco’s bid for permission to hold the celebration of the completion of the Panama Canal in SF in 1915.
    (SFC, 10/10, 1910)

1910        Oct 11, Joseph Alsop, American journalist, was born.
    (HN, 10/11/98)
1910        Oct 11, Buffalo Bill’s Wild West and Pawnee Bill’s Far East combined shows arrived in San Francisco. They set up on 8 acres at 12th and Market with a big arena and 22 tents. This was part of Col. William Cody’s farewell tour.
    (SSFC, 10/3/10, DB p.50)
1910        Oct 11, The San Francisco Rotary Club offered a $10,000 prize to the aviator who first flies from SF to New York.
    (SSFC, 10/10/10, DB p.50)

1910        Oct 13, Ernest Kellogg Gann, pilot and adventure novelist, was born. His work included "Island in the Sky" and  "The High and Mighty."
    (HN, 10/13/00)
1910        Oct 13, Art Tatum, American jazz pianist, was born.
    (HN, 10/13/98)

1910        Oct 15, Torbjorn Oskar Caspersson, Swedish cytologist and geneticist, was born.
    (HN, 10/15/00)

1910        Oct 17, Julia Ward Howe, prominent American abolitionist, social activist, poet, died at her home in Rhode Island. She was the author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic". In 2016 Elaine Showalter authored “The Civil Wars of Julia Ward Howe. A Biography."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Ward_Howe)(Econ, 2/20/15, p.74)

1910        Oct 18, M. Baudry was the first to fly a dirigible across the English Channel—from La Motte-Breil to Wormwood Scrubbs.
    (HN, 10/18/98)

1910        Oct 23, Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a solo, public airplane flight, reaching an altitude of 12 feet at a park in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
    (AP, 10/23/00)
1910        Oct 23, Rama V (b.1853) King Chulalongkorn (b.1853), died. The 42-year reign of King Chulalongkorn, the son of Mongkut, was known for a modernization drive and abolition of slavery. He also ceded territories to Western powers, including Laos and Cambodia to France, and the Malay sultanates of Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu and Perlis to Britain. Chulalongkorn was the first Siamese king to send royal princes to study  King Vajiravudh succeeded his father as Rama VI and formed a private army, the Wild Tiger Corps, on his accession.in Europe. He visited twice and presented Siam as a modern nation to European rulers. He had introduced state corporations as a way to modernize Siam (Thailand). Rama V lived in the Vimanmek Mansion in Bangkok. It was made entirely of golden teak wood.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chulalongkorn)(SFC, 7/9/99, p.A12)(Econ, 3/20/10, p.27)(Econ, 5/24/14, p.36)(Reuters, 5/2/19)

1910        Oct 27, Fred de Cordova, film and TV producer (Tonight Show), was born.
    (MC, 10/27/01)

1910        Oct 29, A.J. Ayer, English philosopher, was born.
    (HN, 10/29/00)

1910        Oct 30, Jean Henri Dunant (b.1828), Swiss philanthropist, died. His book “A Memory of Solferino" (1862) led to the foundation of the Int’l. Committee of the Red Cross. He was the first recipient (jointly) of the Nobel Peace Prize.

1910        Nov 7, Leo Tolstoy (b.1828), Russian earl and writer (War & Peace), died at the rural Astapovo train station [OS, NS=Nov 20]. In 1967 Henri Troyat’s “Tolstoy" became available in English. In 2007 Leah Bendavid-Val authored “Song Without Words: The Photographs and Diaries of Countess Sophia Tolstoy." In 2011 Rosamund Bartlett authored “Tolstoy: A Russian Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Tolstoy)(WSJ, 12/1/07, p.W10)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.F4)

1910        Nov 8, Democrats prevailed in congressional elections for the first time since 1894.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1910        Nov 9, France, Spain, Norway, Belgium, Germany, Russia, and Great Britain established diplomatic relations with the new republic of Portugal.
    (HN, 11/9/98)

1910        Nov 12, In the 1st movie stunt a man jumped into the Hudson river from a burning balloon.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1910        Nov 14, Lieutenant Eugene Ely, U.S. Navy, was the first to take off in an airplane from the deck of a ship. He flew from the Birmingham at Hampton Roads to Norfolk. It was a Curtiss plane flown by Eugene Ely, a company exhibition pilot, that made the first successful takeoff from a Navy ship.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1910        Nov 18, In Mexico the first shots of the revolution were fired in Puebla when federal police attacked the home of Aquiles Serdan, a shoe store owner agitating against Diaz.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.T6)

1910        Nov 20, Revolution broke out in Mexico. Francisco I. Madero called for a rise to national arms on this day when dictator Porfirio Diaz reneged on his pledge to stay out of the presidential election.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.T6)(AP, 11/20/97)

1910        Nov 22, Amy Elizabeth Thorpe, a Minnesota-born British spy known as "Cynthia" was born in Minneapolis. She has been described as World War II's "Mata Hari." Family and friends called her Betty. William Stephenson, who ran Great Britain’s World War II intelligence activities in the Western Hemisphere, would one day give her a code name--"Cynthia." She reputedly was one of the most successful spies in history.
    (HNQ, 3/14/01)
1910        Nov 22, Arthur Knight patented steel shaft golf clubs.
    (MC, 11/22/01)
1910        Nov 22, The Norwegian freighter Seija sank in 300 feet of water off the coast of San Francisco after a collision with another ship. 2 crew members were killed and both captains were found at fault in a case that went to the US Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 9/17/14, p.A10)

1910        Nov 23, Hawley H. Crippen, doctor and murderer, was hanged.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1910        Nov 24, Robert Baden-Powell, who founded the scout movement in Britain in 1907, organized the first scout meeting in Africa at a church in Nairobi.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

1910        Nov 25, Alwin Nikolais, choreographer, was born.
    (HN, 11/25/00)

1910        Nov 27, In NYC the Pennsylvania Railroad began service at Pennsylvania Station. It was begun under the direction of PRR president Alexander J. Cassatt (d.1906) and designed by the architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White. In 2007 Jill Jonnes authored “Conquering Gotham: A Gilded Age Epic: The Construction of Penn Station and its Tunnels." Penn Station was demolished in 1963.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.95)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M2)
1910        Nov 27, Rudolf Holzmann, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1910        Nov 28, In San Francisco John Edwards, knows as the “King of the Opium Ring," was arrested at his home at 133 Fillmore. Drugs found included 40 pounds of crude opium. His arrest followed a police raid in Chinatown on Nov 26 in which 210 persons were arrested.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, p.50)

1910        Nov, SF city voters approved a $5 million bond for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Int’l. Exposition. Voters also approved a $45 million bond to fund the Hetch Hetchy project for water from the Tuolumne River originating on Mount Lyell. The Expo had begun as an idea by Reuben Hale, founder of Hale Bros., a local department store chain. In 1911 ground was broken for the fair.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(SFC, 9/15/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 2/15/15, p.P4)

1910        Dec 3, Neon lights were 1st publicly seen at the Paris Auto Show.
    (MC, 12/3/01)
1910        Dec 3, Mary Baker Eddy (b.1821), founder of the Church of Christ, Science (the Christian Science movement), died.
    (MC, 12/3/01)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.W17)

1910        Dec 5, China set this date for the removal of queus (a braid of hair) from the heads of male citizens. This was expected to glut the human hair market.
    (SSFC, 12/19/10, DB p.50)

1910        Dec 8, In San Francisco the Jesuits of St. Ignatius broke ground on a new church at Parker and Fulton. This was the site of the old Masonic Cemetery Association.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1910        Dec 10, The NY Metropolitan Opera premiered “La Fanciulla del West" (The Girl of the West) by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). It was based on the play “The Girl of the Golden West" by the American author David Belasco, set in the California gold rush.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_fanciulla_del_West)(SFC, 6/16/16, p.E7)

1910        Dec 17, In San Francisco 25 men were arrested for spitting on sidewalks. It cost them $5 to regain their liberty.
    (SSFC, 12/12/10, DB p.46)

1910        Dec 18, Abe Burrows, Broadway composer (Guys & Dolls 1951 TONY), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 12/18/01)
1910        Dec 18, The first dispensary for treating hookworm disease opened in Columbia, Mississippi.

1910        Dec 19, Edward W. White (1845-1921) was sworn in as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court.
1910        Dec 19, Jean Genet, criminal, novelist, dramatist (The Blacks), was born in Paris, France. In 1993 Edmund White published "Jean Genet: A Life."
    (WUD, 1994, p.590)(SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.3)(MC, 12/19/01)
1910        Dec 19, Rayon was 1st commercially produced by Marcus Hook in Penn.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1910        Dec 21, 2.5 million plague victims were reported in the An-Hul (Anhui) province of China. When a contagious pneumonic plague was ravaging northeastern China, Dr. Wu Lien-the, a Cambridge-educated modernizer of Chinese medicine, concluded that the disease traveled through the air. He adapted something he had seen in England and began instructing doctors, nurses, patients and members of the public to wear gauze masks.
    (HN, 12/21/98)(AP, 4/10/20)
1910        Dec 21, Explosion in coal mine in Hulton, England killed 344 mine workers.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1910        Dec 22, In Chicago, Ill., 21 firefighters died when a wall collapsed at the Union Stock Yards fire.

1910        Dec 24, In San Francisco Luisa Tetrazzini, opera diva, sang at the Charlotte Mignon (Lotta) Crabtree fountain at Market and Kearney in a free performance before a crowd of 250,000.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.B10)

1910        Dec 31, US tobacco industry produced 9 billion cigarettes for the year.
    (MC, 12/31/01)
1910        Dec 31, John B. Moisant and Arch Hoxsey, two of America's foremost aviators died in separate plane crashes. Moisant died in a plane crash in New Orleans.
    (HN, 12/31/98)(HN, 7/31/01)

1910        Dec, "On or About December 1910: Early Bloomsbury and its Intimate World" by Peter Stansky tells the story of the British Bloomsbury group of writers and artists: Clive Bell, Thoby Stephen, Lytton Strachey, Saxon Sydney-Turner, Leonard Woolf, Vanessa and Virginia Stephen. In 1997 Regina Marler wrote Bloomsbury Pie: The Making of the Bloomsbury Boom."
    (SFEC, 9/22/96, BR p.3)(SFEC,11/9/97, BR p.9)
1910        Dec, Virginia Stephen (later Woolf), Adrian Stephen, Duncan Grant, Horace Cole and others of the Bloomsbury group dressed as the Abyssinian Emperor and his entourage and infiltrated the British warship the Dreadnought making a mockery of national defense.
    (SFEC, 9/22/96, BR p.3)(SFEC, 6/22/97, BR p.8)
1910        Dec, The Hotel Shattuck in Berkeley, Ca., was completed. In 1914 the hotel added another wing with 120 rooms to accommodate crowds expected for the Panama Pacific Expo.
    (SFC, 2/11/11, p.C1)

1910        Nell Sinton, American artist, was born. Her work included the abstract oil "Greenhouse" (1961).
    (SFC, 6/27/97, p.C3)

1910        George Bellows painted his sporting scene "Polo Crowd." In 1999 it sold for $27.5 million.
    (SFC, 12/3/99, p.W16)

1910        Marc Chagall in his pre-Paris period painted "The Workshop and Death."
    (WSJ, 5/11/95, p. A-14)

1910        Alexei von Jawlensky, Russian painter, created the portrait "Schokko." In 2003 it was auctioned for $8.2 million.
    (SFC, 11/12/03, p.D4)

1910        Vasily Kandinsky painted his first three compositions at the age of 44, however they were destroyed in WW II.
    (WSJ, 2/8/95), p.A-12)

1910        Arkhip Kuindzhi (b.1842), Russian painter, died.

1910        Matisse painted "La Danse." "The Dance II" later ended up at the Hermitage.
    (WSJ, 2/16/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 12/8/99, p.A20)

1910        Pablo Picasso painted a cubist portrait of Ambroise Vollard.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)

1910        John Singer Sargent gave up portraiture and devoted the rest of his life to murals and landscapes.
    (WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W2)

1910        Asahel Curtis shot his photo: "The Leveling of the Hills to Make Seattle."
    (SFC, 9/26/96, p.E3)

1910        E.M. Forster (1879-1970) wrote "Howard’s End," his next to last novel and good description of the English class system.
    (SFEC, 9/22/96, BR p.3)(WSJ, 9/20/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.M._Forster)

1910        Harley Granville-Barker wrote his play “The Madras House."
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P9)

1910        Gaston Leroux wrote his novel "The Phantom of the Opera."
    (SFEM, 1/12/97, DB p.13)

1910        John A. Lomax, folklorist, authored: "Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads," a pioneering work in music preservation.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A20)

1910        Jack London wrote "Burning Daylight."
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-3)
1910        Jack London authored his short novel "The Scarlet Plague." It was serialized in the May–June 1912 issue of London Magazine and was published as a book in 1915 by Macmillan. The apocalyptic novel was set in 2013 and recalled by a survivor in 2073.

1910        Herman Lons, German writer, authored his novel “The Warwolf: a peasant chronicle." It was set in the time of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648), during which some 10 million people died including 4 million Germans. In 2006 it was made available in English.
    (WSJ, 6/16/06, p.P8)

1910        Thomas Ince set up a Wild West Show with Sioux Indians at his Inceville village near Los Angeles and cranked out silent Western films.
    (SFC, 1/29/00, p.E3)

1910        Charlie Chaplin, actor, arrived in the US as part of a London music-hall troupe.
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A12)

1910        Bert Williams, actor, broke the color line on Broadway.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.C15)

1910        The NYC film company IMP produced “Coquette’s Suitor" and identified Florence Lawrence by name as the lead actress. This was the 1st time to date that a move star was identified for the purposes of advertising.
    (ON, 4/06, p.6)

1910        Gustav Mahler composed his 9th Symphony.
    (WSJ, 7/1/03, p.D8)

1910        Igor Stravinsky composed "The Firebird."

1910        About this time jazz bands began playing in the gambling houses and brothels of the city’s notorious Storyville section.
    (HNQ, 5/12/98)

1910        Zeppelin scare stories began to appear in the press in England.
    (AHM, 1/97)

1910        The Brooklyn Botanic Garden was established under Dr. Charles Stuart Gager.
    (WSJ, 6/21/06, p.D10)

1910        The Embrey Dam was constructed on the Rappahannock River in Fredericksburg, Va. The 22-foot dam was removed in 2004 to open up the river to migratory fish.
    (SFC, 2/24/04, p.A2)

1910        Carl Graham Fisher  (1874-1939), on a vacation to Miami about this time, saw potential in the swampy, bug-infested stretch of land between Miami and the ocean, and in his mind transformed the 3,500 acres of mangrove swamp and beach into the perfect vacation destination for his automobile industry friends, which he called "Miami Beach." He and his wife bought a vacation home there in 1912 and he began acquiring land. In 2000 Mark Foster authored “Castles in the Sand: The Life and Times of Carl Graham Fisher." In 1913 Fisher conceived and helped develop the Lincoln Highway, the first road for the automobile across the entire United States of America. As a serial entrepreneur he developed much of Miami Beach.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_G._Fisher)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.116)

1910        The Hasagawa General Store was opened in Hana on Maui, Hawaii.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, p.T9)

1910        In San Francisco an orphanage run by the Catholic Sisters of Charity burned down on the top of Mount St. Joseph. It was replaced with a brick structure that held 162 girls. The building closed in 1977.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.D6)
1910        In San Francisco the Clay Theater on Fillmore St. opened as a nickelodeon. The single-screen theater closed down in 2010.
    (SFC, 8/23/10, p.E1)(SFC, 2/18/12, p.C1)
1910        In San Francisco the Mission Theater was constructed in 3 parts between this year and 1932. James and Merritt Reid did the original design. In 1932 Timothy Pflueger redesigned the old Premium Theater and incorporated it into the lobby of the New Mission. It was shuttered in 1993. In 2003 it was purchased by developer Gus Murad from City College for $4.5 million. In 2012 Murad proposed to renovate it as a 5-screen movie house.
    (SFC, 7/31/99, p.A13)(SFC, 12/25/03, p.A20)(SFC, 1/10/13, p.D1)
1910        In SF the 9-story Central YMCA at 220 Golden Gate Ave. was completed. In 2009 it was closed to make way for affordable apartments for the homeless.
    (SSFC, 5/17/09, p.B1)
1910        In San Francisco the three-story, 67,000-square-foot high school, designed by architect Newton J. Tharp, was completed. In 1913 the Newton J. Tharp Commercial School on Grove Street was moved four blocks to 170 Fell St. The move took more than seven months. It was used by the SF Unified School District for administration until the 1989 earthquake.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, p.A15)(SFC, 2/24/21, p.B5)
1910        In northern California Fort Barry was established to the west of Fort Baker.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.A22)
1910        Allensworth, an all-black community in Tulare County, was founded by Allen Allensworth, a former Louisiana slave.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.5)
1910        In SF William T. “Cocktail Bill" Boothby (d.1930), devised his Boothby cocktail at the Palace Hotel. It was essentially a Manhattan with a Champagne float.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.F2)
1910        The US Grant Hotel was built in San Diego by the son of Civil War Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
    (SSFC, 4/8/07, p.G1)
1910        The Hotel Stockton was built in Stockton, Ca. in the Mission Revival style.
    (SFC, 4/28/05, p.A14)
1910        The Thorsen House in Berkeley, California, was designed by Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene. In 1943 it became the home of the Sigma Phi fraternity.
    (SFC, 6/27/96, p.D1)
1910        Gus Vollmer, town marshal of Berkeley Ca., instituted the first bicycle partrols by police officers.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.A1)
1910        In Scotia, Ca., the Pacific Lumber Co. built Mill B to process old growth redwood. The mill was closed in 2001.
    (SSFC, 5/13/01, p.A4)
1910        Henry Murphy purchased 375 acres of Big Sur, Ca., from Tom Slate. The area was known as Slate’s Hot Springs. The Esselen Indian tribe had used the area as their burial ground and provided the Esalen name for the institute that was later established there after work crews provided highway access in the 1930s.
    (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A17)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.74)
1910        The first California community college opened in Fresno.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1910        The Suisun City Railroad Station was built about this time in Suisun City, Ca.
    (Hem., Nov.’95, p.91)
1910        Hiram Johnson was elected as governor of California. He promised to rid California politics of the Southern Pacific Railroad influence.
    (Smith., 5/95, p.94)(WSJ, 3/3/98, p.A16)(SFC, 4/18/98, p.A1)

1910        The Oklahoma State Reformatory was built of granite from Wildcat Mountain by the first 60 inmates who arrived in covered wagons.
    (WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A9)

1910        A double-hinged folding purse became popular in Paris and transferred over to the US.
    (SFC,11/12/97, Z1 p.7)

1910        American women began buying most of their dresses in ready-to-wear shops and Edmund Fairchild began publishing Women's Wear Daily for the garment industry.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, Z1 p.8)

1910        Domestic servants were the 2nd largest employee group in developed countries at this time.
    (Wired, 8/96, p.120)

1910        The Urban League was formed to help Southern black Americans adjust to city living in the North.
    (HNQ, 6/3/99)

1910        Honus Wagner played baseball (Louisville Colonels & Pittsburgh Pirates, from 1897-1917) and had his baseball card pulled from cigarette packs. His cards thus became rare and by 1991 sold for $451, 000.
    (WSJ, 9/20/96, p.B1)

1910        The lively cork-centered ball made its debut in baseball.
    (WSJ, 9/4/98, p.A1)

1910        In the boxing heavyweight championship between Jack Johnson, a black man, and white challenger, Jim Jeffries, it is believed that Jack London coined the phrase "Great White Hope" while covering the fight.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.A17)

1910        Otto Wallach (d.1931), German chemist, won the Nobel Prize.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1910        US General Leonard Wood (b.1860) was named Chief of Staff of the Army, the only medical officer to ever hold the position.
1910        The US census categorized the population as "White, Black, Mulatto, Chinese, Japanese, and other."
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A21)
1910         An amendment to the Immigration Act of 1907 barred disease carriers from entry into the United States. After Congress amended the Immigration Act, criminals, paupers, anarchists, and disease carriers were forbidden to enter the United States.
    (HNQ, 5/20/99)
1910        The US federal regulator for rail took on the regulation of telephony.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.86)
1910        The Flexner Report, a book-length study of medical education in the US and Canada, led to the overhaul of medical education. It was written under the aegis of the Carnegie Foundation.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.65)

1910        US attorney Louis D. Brandeis (1856-1941) used the term "scientific management" in testimony before the Interstate Commerce Commission when it was considering requests by the railroads for rate in creases. Frederick Taylor first used the term "scientific management" in his June, 1903, paper "Shop Management" at a meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Brandeis)(Econ., 9/19/20, p.18)(Econ., 10/3/20, p.14)

1910        The US Salomon Brothers financial firm was founded. By 2001 it was folded into Citigroup. In 2001 Charles R. Geisst authored "The Last Partnerships."
    (WSJ, 5/31/01, p.A14)

1910        Financiers in support of federal supervision of the banking system in the US held a clandestine meeting at the exclusive Jekyll Island Club off the coast of Georgia that eventually led to the formation of the Federal Reserve System.
    (WSJ, 5/8/95, p.A-14)

1910        California built a dam at Crane Valley near Yosemite creating a lake called the Crane Valley Reservoir. A local lumber company polluted the lake killing all the fish. The lake was restocked with bass and renamed Bass Lake.
    (SSFC, 7/16/06, p.G8)

1910        There was a murder in Florida later described by Peter Matthiessen (b.1927) in his 1997 book "Lost Man’s River." It was part of his Watson trilogy. The first part was titled "Killing Mr. Watson" (1990).
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.D1)(SFEC,12/797, p.B11)

1910        Henry Ford opened a new plant in Highland Park, Mich., the largest plant in the world. It was designed by Albert Kahn. The retail price of the Model T dropped to $780.
    (ON, 3/03, p.3)(Econ, 7/19/14,p.72)
1910        William Durant (1861-1947), the founder of General Motors, was turfed out by the company’s bankers. In 1911 he joined forces with Louis Chevrolet, a Swiss-born racing driver, to set up a new carmaker that was later folded into GM.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_C._Durant)

1910        Joyce Clyde Hall (b.1891) of Nebraska and his brother began selling greeting cards In Kansas City, Mo. This was the beginning of Hallmark Cards.

1910        Gambling in Nevada was outlawed.
    (SFEC, 5/10/98, DB p.64)

1910        Woodrow Wilson ran for governor of New Jersey.
    (WSJ, 2/27/98, p.A12)

1910        In NYC car maker Pierce-Arrow unveiled the Touring Landau at Madison Square Garden. It was later widely considered as the first motor home.
    (SSFC, 7/20/14, p.L1)

1910        The Nelson McCoy Sanitary Stoneware Co. was founded in Roseville, Ohio. In 1933 the name was changed to the Nelson McCoy Pottery Co. and it stayed in business until 1990.
    (SFC, 8/10/05, p.G4)

1910        Tennessee passed a Prohibition law that gave distillers one year to dismantle their operations. George Dickel's operations moved to Kentucky and Jack Daniel's to Missouri and Alabama. Prohibition knocked both out of business in 1920.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.D2)

1910        Nils August Johanson founded Swedish Hospital in Seattle. His daughter, Katherine, married Elmer Nordstrom in 1934 and helped build the Nordstrom apparel chain.
    (SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C15)
1910        In Washington state Axel Uddenberg opened Gig Harbor’s first general store. In the 1960s it served as a dance and music hall. In 1973 Peter Stanley bought the place and turned it into the Tides Tavern.
    (SSFC, 9/2/07, p.D8)

1910        John D. Rockefeller gave $1 million for the creation of the Rockefeller Sanitary Commission to coordinate activity for the cure and prevention of hookworm, which infected some 40% of school-age southern children.
    (WSJ, 1/16/03, p.A2)

1910        The Black & Decker tool company was founded.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A25)

1910        Alfred C. Fuller took his brush business national with ads in a national magazine for salesmen.
    (WSJ, 11/3/99, p.B1)

1910        The Hearst Corp. established The National Magazine Company Ltd. In the United Kingdom.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1910        The Thomas A. Edison Inc. was formed.
    (SFC, 7/29/98, Z1 p.23)

1910        The Western Pacific Railroad opened passenger service between San Francisco and Salt Lake City.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, DB p.30)

1910        The Owen automobile offered a top, windshield, electric horn, headlamps and a tail lamp as standard features.

1910        Italian automaker Fiat began building cars in the US and continued until 1918.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1910        The first rearview mirrors were used by an Indianapolis 500 driver who won the race.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1910        Czar Nicholas of Russia purchased a Delaunay-Belleville with a backseat heater that used hot water from the engine. Most Americans used buffalo robes.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1910        Bill Keys (d.1969) began working in the Desert Queen Mine in Southern California. He eventually inherited the mine which went bust and homesteaded a ranch by the same name. He later was convicted on a murder charge but after 5 years in prison was pardoned after Eric Stanley Gardner, author of the Perry Mason books, interceded on his behalf.
    (Sp., 5/96, p.126)

1910        The industrial force exceeded the number of people engaged in agriculture in the Belgium and Japan.

c1910    The 6-day workweek faded to a 5-day workweek.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, Z1 p.8)

1910        The US black population totaled 9,828,000 people while the mulatto count was 2,051,000.
    (SFC, 5/3/96, A-25)

1910        T. Hunt Morgan, a geneticist at Columbia Univ., used fruit flies to show that traits get passed down through genes and chromosomes.
    (SFC, 6/27/00, p.A17)

1910        Miss Henrietta S. Leavitt (1868-1921), American astronomer at Harvard, discovered that there is a definite relation between the observed luminosities of pulsating cepheids in the Magellanic Clouds and their pulsation periods: the brighter a star is, the longer it takes to go through its cycle.
    (SCTS, p.174)

1910        The tail of Halley’s Comet brushed Earth and entrepreneurs made some quick money selling "comet gas masks" to protect people from the poisonous cyanogen gas that was discovered coming off the comet.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.A12)

1910        Barnum Brown, fossil hunter of the American Museum of Natural History, found the Red Deer River fossil site in Alberta, Canada.
    (T.E.-J.B. p.25)

1910        A 100-kg aquamarine stone was found in Minas Gerais, Brazil, whose value in 1996 would exceed US$25 million.
    (USA Today, OW, 4/22/96, p.13)

1910        Fires swept across the Western US and burned over 8 million acres.
    (SFC, 8/19/00, p.A3)

1910        Jack Daniel, whiskey producer, died of blood poisoning. His nephew Lem Motlow took over the business.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.D2)

1910        Winslow Homer (b.1836), American painter, died. His work "Breezing Up (A Fair Wind)" was done between 1873-1876. His sea painting from the rocky coast of New England captured the power of the sea on the people who confronted it and depended on it. In 2002 Patricia Junker and Sarah Burns authored "Winslow Homer: Artist and Angler."
    (WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-12)(HN, 2/24/99)(WSJ, 7/21/00, p.W2)(WSJ, 1/10/03, p.W7)

1910        Namikawa Sosuke (b.1847), top Japanese cloisonne artist, died.
    (WSJ, 9/24/04, p.W10)(www.widener.edu/?pageId=436&vobId=1040&pm=566)

1910        Australia’s government began removing Aboriginal children from their families, in what was considered to be best for the children. The race was later estimated to number about 60,000 nationally at this time, and was said to be doomed to extinction. The policy continued into the 1970s. As many as 100,000 children were seized from their parents creating what was later called the "stolen generation."
    (SFC, 5/29/97, p.A10)(SFC, 5/26/00, p.A20)(AP, 1/30/08)

1910        The population of Vienna, Austria, reached about two million, the sixth biggest city in the world.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.28)

1910        Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (1883-1966), an Indian lawyer, was charged in London with conspiring to wage war against the king and with providing weapons used to assasinate a Briton in the Indian service. He was sentenced to two life terms and sent back to India. He was free in 1921.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinayak_Damodar_Savarkar)    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.57)
1910        Royal Dutch Shell began pumping oil out of Sarawak, a British colony on Borneo. Sarawak became part of Malaysia in 1963.
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.46)

1910        China’s imperial Manchu house staged a world’s fair in Nanjing calling it the “South Seas Encouraging Industry Meeting." 14 foreign countries took part.
    (Econ, 12/5/09, p.54)

1910        In France Le Divan bookstore was founded in the Left Bank of Paris. It was put up for sale in 1996 by its owners, the Gallimard publishing house.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, T9)
1910        In France a hairdresser devised the permanent wave for hair.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)
1910        Paris was menaced by a great flood. "The streets were like rivers, the squares, like great lakes."
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.5)(SFEC, 9/21/97, BR p.4)
1910        The French built a railroad line to link Haiphong, Vietnam, to Kunming, the capital of China's Yunnan province.
    (Econ, 11/8/03, p.42)

1910        French Equatorial Africa was a former administrative grouping of four French territories in west central Africa. It was first formed by the federation of 3 French imperial colonies: Gabon, Middle Congo, and Ubangi-Shari-Chad. It comprised a total area of 969,112 square miles (2,500,000 sq km). Chad was separated from Ubangi-Shari in 1920 to form a fourth colony.

1910        In Germany there was an important show on Islamic art in Munich.
    (WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A21)

1910        In India Laxmanrao Kirloskar banded together 25 workers and their families and succeeded in transforming a barren expanse in Aundh state into his dream village. Kirloskar Brothers Limited (KBL), the first Kirloskar venture at Kirloskarvadi was to become the base for all of the Kirloskar Group's subsequent enterprises. It began as the only Indian company with its own products, a fodder cutter and iron plough, which competed with British products.
    (http://kirloskarapps.kirloskar.com/kirloskar/web/11$M1.html)(Econ, 6/3/06, Survey p.8)

1910        Degania Aleph, Israel’s first kibbutz, was founded by 12 pioneers, while the area was still under Ottoman control. In 2007 it joined a growing proportion of kibbutzim abandoning egalitarian socialism in favor of a self-taxing regime combined with free-market forces.
    (SSFC, 3/4/07, p.A15)

1910        In Italy Ermenegildo Zegna (d.1966 at 74) began his fashion house in Trivero, in the Alpine foothills.
    (Econ, 11/13/10, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ermenegildo_Zegna)

1910        In Japan Kida Sadakichi wrote "The Teaching of National History."
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.34)

1910        In Korea the Chosun Dynasty ended when the Japanese deposed the royal family after a 518-year reign. King Sunjong was the final ruler. The occupational force allowed the monarchy to retain its ceremonial court for several years.
    (SFC, 5/9/01, p.C18)

1910        The Mexican Revolution became a consuming civil war.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D8)

1910        Montenegro, a principality in the 19th century, was recognized as a kingdom.
    (AP, 10/20/02)

1910        Manuel II, Portugal’s last king, was overthrown and went into exile in England.
    (SSFC, 9/29/02, p.C12)

1910        In Switzerland Kaspar Winkler founded SIKA, a building materials firm. He had invented a compound used to waterproof the Gotthard railway tunnel under the Alps.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sika_AG)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.64)

1910-1911    Piet Mondrian painted the symbolist triptych "Evolution." It anticipated sci-fi comic-book illustration by 50 years.
    (WSJ, 9/10/97, p.A20)

1910-1914    In 1935 George Dangerfield authored “The Strange Death of Liberal England." It was an attempt to explain the decline of the British Liberal Party during this period.
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.104)

1910-1925    The Royal Art Glass Co. in New York City made glass lamps.
    (SFC, 8/5/98, Z1 p.3)

1910-1931    The Long Trail, which follows the crest of the Green Mountains for 265 miles, was built and served as a model for the Appalachian Trail.
    (NH, 7/96, p.54)

1910-1939    In 2007 Katie Roiphe authored “Uncommon Arrangements: Seven Portraits of Married Life in London Literary Circles 1910-1939."
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P9)

1910-1970    More than 6 million southern blacks left their rural homes in search of an urban "Promised Land" in the north. The largest migration in American history was caused by the "push" of hardships prevalent in the South--such as segregation, lynching and the economic hopelessness of the sharecropping system--and the "pull" of opportunity in the North. Plentiful industrial jobs, although sometimes menial, often offered wages three times higher than did jobs in the South. Glowing reports from friends and family already in the North inspired increased migration. While racism, housing shortages and crime often greeted the new arrivals, they also found organizations such as the National Urban League and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) dedicated to improving the lives of black Americans.
    (HNPD, 2/10/99)

1910-1981    Samuel Barber, American composer.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.5)

1910-1987    Gimbel’s department store stood on Herald Square in NYC.
    (SFC, 12/13/06, p.E3)

1910-1997     Dame C.V. Wedgwood, English historian: "An educated man should know everything about something, and something about everything."
    (AP, 12/1/97)

1911        Jan 2, The Terra Nova expedition led by Robert Falcon Scott reached the coast of Antarctica.
    (ON, 6/20/11, p.5)

1911        Jan 3, Joseph Rauh, civil rights activist: cofounded Americans for Democratic Action; member: executive board of NAACP; general counsel: Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, was born.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1911        Jan 3, John Sturges, director: Bad Day at Black Rock, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, Ice Station Zebra, The Eagle Has Landed, was born.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1911        Jan 3, The Siege of Sidney Street, also known as the Battle of Stepney, was a gunfight in the East End of London between a combined police and army force and two Latvian revolutionaries. At the end the bodies of William Sokoloff and Fritz Svaars were found inside and one fireman was killed as the building collapsed. Winston Churchill (36) reportedly directed the operations.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Sidney_Street)(Econ., 12/19/20, p.37)

1911        Jan 5, Portugal expelled the Jesuits.
    (MC, 1/5/02)

1911        Jan 7, Aviator James Radley, operating a French Bleriot airplane, performed over South San Francisco, skimmed the West Virginia, the flagship of Rear-Admiral Barry, and checked the time of San Francisco Ferry Tower clock on both sides.
    (SSFC, 1/2/11, DB p.42)

1911        Jan 10, Rear Admiral Buttervant Barry (1849-1938), commander in chief of the US Pacific fleet, was discovered in his quarters on the flagship West Virginia engaged in a liaison with a cabin boy. Admiral Barry, in lieu of resigning or suicide, retired on Jan 13.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, DB p.42)(www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ebbarry.htm)
1911        Jan 10, Two German cruisers, the Emden and the Nurnberg, suppressed a native revolt on island of Ponape in the Carolina Islands [Caroline Islands, east of the Philippines] when they fired on the island and land troops.
    (HN, 1/10/99)

1911        Jan 14, The USS Arkansas, the largest U.S. battleship, was launched from the yards of NY Shipbuilding Company.
    (HN, 1/14/99)

1911        Jan 15, An explosive bomb was dropped from an airplane during an aviation meet in South San Francisco. The plane was about 400 feet high and the bomb dropped within 10 feet of its target.
    (SSFC, 1/16/11, DB p.42)

1911        Jan 16, Jay Hanna Dean, aka "Dizzy Dean," one of baseball's greatest pitchers, hall of fame, was born.
    (MC, 1/16/02)

1911        Jan 17, Francis Galton (b.1822), English scientist, died. He was one of the first moderns to present a carefully considered eugenics program. His work included the invention of weather maps and the description of fingerprints. He also developed a system for classifying human profiles using geometric diagrams. He was a cousin of Charles Darwin and the founder of the science of statistics. The idea of sterilizing human beings considered as physical or mental undesirables stemmed from Galton’s ideas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Galton)(NH, 6/97, p.18)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.A12)

1911        Jan 18, Naval aviation was born when pilot Eugene B. Ely flew a Curtis Pusher biplane onto the deck of the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco Bay.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.a15)(SFC, 5/7/97, p.A15)(AP, 1/18/98)(SFC, 6/5/98, p.A19)

1911        Jan 22, Bruno Kreisky, bandleader, chancellor (1970-83), was born in Austria.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1911        Jan 24, U.S. Cavalry was sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1911        Jan 26, The Richard Strauss opera "Der Rosenkavalier" premiered in Dresden, Germany.
    (AP, 1/26/98)
1911        Jan 26, Glenn Curtiss piloted the 1st successful hydroplane in San Diego.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1911        Jan 28, In San Francisco 143 were taken prisoner following a raid on gambling at a poolroom at Fourth and Mission streets run by Brophy & Collins.
    (SSFC, 1/23/11, p.42)

1911        Jan 31, The German Reichstag exempted royal families from tax obligations.
    (HN, 1/31/99)

1911        Jan, A pair of U.S. Army aviators dropped the first live bomb. The Mexican Revolution gave the opportunity to use the airplane in actual combat. Airplanes had already begun to replace balloons for battlefield observation.
    (HNQ, 7/16/00)

1911        Feb 1, Word reached San Francisco confirming that it was awarded permission by the US Congress to hold the PPIE. Wild celebrating in San Francisco!
    (SFC, 2/1, 1911)

1911        Feb 2, Johan J. "Jussi" Bjorling, great Swedish tenor, was born. Now regarded by many as the greatest opera tenor of the middle 20th Century.
    (MC, 2/2/02)

1911        Feb 6, Ronald Reagan was born in Tampico, Illinois. Reagan went on to become a film actor, governor of California (1967-1975) and the 40th president of the United States (1981-1989) and was credited with ending the Cold War.
    (HN, 2/6/99)(AP, 2/6/08)
1911        Feb 6, 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Ariz.
    (MC, 2/6/02)

1911        Feb 8, Elizabeth Bishop, poet, was born.
    (HN, 2/8/01)
1911        Feb 8, Victor Herbert's opera "Natoma," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 2/8/02)
1911        Feb 8, US helped overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1911        Feb 17, The 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship was made by Glenn Curtiss in San Diego.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1911        Feb 19, Merle Oberon, film actress, was born.
    (HN, 2/19/01)

1911        Feb 21, Gustav Mahler conducted his last concert.
    (MC, 2/21/02)

1911        Feb 22, Canadian Parliament voted to preserve the union with the British Empire.
    (HN, 2/22/98)

1911        Feb 23, G. Mennen ("Soapy") Williams (d.1988), (Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60), was born in Detroit.
1911        Feb 23, Giuditta Vannini (b.1859), also known as Giuseppina, died. She was an Italian Roman Catholic professed religious who became a Camillian and established – alongside Luigi Tezza – the religious congregation known as the Daughters of Saint Camillus. She was canonized as a Catholic saint in 2019.

1911        Feb 25, A rare snowstorm hit San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, DB p.46)

1911        Feb 28, Denis Burkitt, British medical researcher, was born.
    (HN, 2/28/01)

1911         Mar 1, Jose Ordonez was elected the president of Uruguay.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1911        Mar 3, Jean Harlow (Harlean Carpenter)(actress: Platinum Blonde, Red Dust, Bombshell, Dinner at Eight, China Seas, Libeled Lady), was born.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1911        Mar 3, The 1st US federal cemetery with Union and Rebel graves opened at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, St. Louis, Missouri.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1911        Mar 4, Victor Berger of Wisconsin became the 1st socialist congressman in US.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1911        Mar 7, The United States sent 20,000 troops to the Mexican border in the wake of the Mexican Revolution.
    (AP, 3/7/98)

1911        Mar 8, Alan Hovhaness, composer (Lousadzak, Ukiyo), was born in Somerville, Mass.
    (MC, 3/8/02)
1911        Mar 8, International Women's Day was established when American working women demonstrated for their rights as workers and women.
    (HFA, '96, p.26)(SFC, 3/8/02, p.A32)

1911        Mar 9, The funding for five new battleships was added to the British military defense budget.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1911        Mar 11, The Cadillac Division of General Motors demonstrated the first electric self starter, enabling women to drive alone. Charles Kettering created the first successful electric self-starter for Cadillac. It was introduced in the 1912 model. The perfection of the self-starter by inventor Charles Kettering enormously expanded the market for the automobile. Kettering, born in Londonville, Ohio, in 1876, had invented an electric cash register motor while at the National Cash Register Company in 1906. In 1909 he organized the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company, later known as Delco, and soon made notable improvements in automobile ignition and lighting systems. His self-starter was introduced in the 1912 Cadillac. He founded the Charles F. Kettering Foundation dedicated to natural science research and was co-founder of the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research.  Kettering died in 1958.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)(F, 10/7/96, p.67)(HNQ, 3/3/99)

1911        Mar 12, In San Francisco a squad of immigration officials captured 6 Chinese slave girls, said to have been purchased for $25,000.
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, DB p.42)
1911        Mar 12, Dr. Fletcher of Rockefeller Institute discovered the cause of infantile paralysis.
    (HN, 3/12/98)
1911        Mar 12, Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, president of Mexico, was born.
    (HN, 3/12/98)

1911        Mar 13, LaFayette Ron Hubbard (L. Ron Hubbard, d.1986), sci-fi writer, scientologist founder of Scientology (Dyanetics), was born.
    (SFC, 2/12/01, p.A13)(MC, 3/13/02)
1911        Mar 13, The Supreme Court approved the corporate tax law.
    (HN, 3/13/98)

1911        Mar 16, Josef Mengele, MD, PhD, SS ("The Angel of Death at Auschwitz"), was born in Gunzburg, Germany.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1911        Mar 18, Theodore Roosevelt opened the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the U.S. to date.
    (HN, 3/18/98)
1911        Mar 18, A vote was held for the incorporation of Daly City, Ca. The voting place was the upstairs backroom of Jack Letlos’ Restaurant on Mission Rd. The vote was for 132, against 130. Also passed in the vote was the new official name of Daly City in honor of John Daly.
    (GTP, 1973, p.84)(LaPen, 12/86, p.4)

1911        Mar 19, International Women's Day (IWD) was observed for the first time in places like Austria, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland and some other European countries. The date was chosen by German women because on 19 March, 1848, the Prussian king had promised many reforms in the face of an armed uprising, including an unfulfilled voting right for women.

1911        Mar 20, Winter Garden Theater opened at 1634 Broadway, NYC.
    (MC, 3/20/02)
1911        Mar 20, Russian Premier Stolypin resigned in St. Petersburg.
    (HN, 3/20/98)

1911        Mar 24, Penal code reform abolished corporal punishment in Denmark.
    (HN, 3/24/98)
1911        Mar 25, The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire killed 146 immigrant workers. 13 girls survived the fire that broke out on the top three floors of the 10-story New York’s Asch Building as the workday was ending. No one knows what caused the fire, but it spread quickly, fueled by the fabric scraps and sewing machine oil used in the manufacture women’s blouses. The three avenues of escape were almost immediately clogged with panicked workers, mostly young immigrant women. Then, to the horror of spectators seven stories below, the desperate women began to jump to their deaths. Appalled by the tragedy, the New York State legislature formed a commission whose findings led to the creation of new fire and building codes that were soon adopted in cities throughout America.
    (HNPD, 3/25/00)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A8)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.C4)(AP, 3/23/08)

1911        Mar 26, Tennessee Williams (d.1983), American dramatist, was born in Columbus, Miss. His plays included "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" and "A Streetcar Name Desire."
    (HN, 3/26/01)(AP, 3/26/02)(http://tinyurl.com/s8zm5)

1911        Mar 28, M.K. Ciurlionis (b.1875), Lithuanian artist and composer, died.
    (LC, 1998, p.12)

1911        Mar, The American Economic Review (AER) published its first article, a look at irrigation in the western United States.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.84)

1911        Apr 1, Gunther Rennert, opera director, producer, was born in Essen, Germany.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1911        Apr 3, The US Supreme Court ruled against Dr. Miles Medical Co., which had sued a distributor for selling at cut rate prices. In 1937 Congress passed the Free Trade Law letting states selectively allow price fixing to protect small retailers.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/220/373/)(WSJ, 8/18/08, p.A12)

1911        Apr 6, In San Francisco the Police Board examined 9 Mission saloon keepers who were cited for selling liquor to women decoys. Mission District Police Capt. Henry Gleeson faced a possible charge of neglect of duty.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, DB p.46)

1911        Apr 8, Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1911        Apr 12, Pierre Prier completed the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and 56 minutes.
    (HN, 4/12/99)

1911        Apr 13, Nino Sanzogno, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1911        Apr 18, George Huntington Hartford II, heir (A&P), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1911        Apr 21, Leonard Warren, baritone, Met 1939-60, was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1911        Apr 23, Simone Simon, French actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love), was born.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1911        Apr 30, Portugal approved woman suffrage.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1911        Apr, The Agadir Crisis, also called the Second Moroccan Crisis, or the Panthersprung, was the international tension sparked by the deployment of a substantial force of French troops in the interior of Morocco. France thus broke both with the Act of Algeciras that had ended the First Moroccan Crisis, and the Franco-German Accord of 1909. Germany reacted by sending the gunboat Panther to the Moroccan port of Agadir on July 1, 1911.

1911        May 4, In San Francisco Police chief Seymour instructed Capt. Thomas Duke of Central Station to notify the proprietors of brothels that $2 per day would be the maximum they would be allowed to charge the 100 prostitutes at 633 Jackson and 719 Commercial Street. Current charges for the women were $5 per day.
    (SSFC, 5/1/11, DB p.46)

1911        May 8, Robert Johnson, bluesman, was born in Mississippi.
    (HT, 5/97, p.40),
1911        May 8, England signed a treaty with China making opium the main trading commodity with the Chinese.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)

1911        May 11, Doodles Weaver, comedian (Spike Jones and City Slickers), was born in LA, Calif.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1911        May 13, NY Giant Fred Merkle was 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st).
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1911        May 13, In Mexico revolutionary troops overan the city of Torreon. 303 Chinese men, women and children were killed over the next 3 days  by a local mob and the revolutionary forces of Francisco I. Madero. In 2021 Pres. Andres manuel Lopez Obrador presented an apology for the massacre.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torre%C3%B3n_massacre)(SFC, 5/17/21, p.A4)

1911        May 15, Max Frisch (d.1991), Swiss architect and writer, was born.
1911        May 15, The Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The anti-trust suit led to the dissolution of Standard Oil Co. of John D. Rockefeller. From its remains 34 new companies were formed that included Exxon, Mobil, Amoco, Chevron, Arco and Conoco. Rockefeller’s quarter interest in the parent turned into a quarter interest in all the offspring. The action of the supreme court was based n part on findings by Ida Tarbell, who published articles in McClure’s Magazine regarding Rockefeller and Standard Oil. In 2008 Steve Weinberg authored “Taking on the Trust: The Epic Battle of Ida Tarbell and John D. Rockefeller."
    (AP, 5/15/97)(WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W10)(WSJ, 3/28/08, p.W5)

1911        May 16, Remains of a Neanderthal man were found in Jersey, UK.
    (MC, 5/16/02)
1911        May 16, Zeppelin "Deutschland" was wrecked at Dusseldorf.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1911        May 17, Maureen O’Sullivan (d.1998), film actress, was born in Boyle, Ireland.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, p.C2)

1911        May 18, Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner, blues singer, was born in Kansas City, MO.
    (HN, 5/18/01)
1911        May 18, San Francisco received its first shipment of red onions from Stockton and growers received $2.25 per sack for all they could deliver. Italian gardeners earned about $500 an acre from their crop.
    (SSFC, 5/15/11, DB p.46)
1911        May 18, Composer Gustav Mahler (50) died in Vienna, Austria. His wife Alma Schindler married Walter Gropius in 1915. Mahler left his 10th symphony unfinished. A 1996 recording was made based on work by Remo Mazzetti Jr. who in turn based his work on the late Deryck Cooke. In 2004 Cornell Univ. Press published “Gustav Mahler: Letters to His Wife." In 2010 Norman Lebrecht authored “Why Mahler: How One Man and Ten Symphonies Changed the World."
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, DB p.52)(AP, 5/18/01)(WSJ, 12/15/04, p.D10)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.81)

1911        May 19, Maurice Ravel’s opera "L'Heure Espagnole," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1911        May 23, The NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue was dedicated by Pres Taft. In 2008 the central reference building at 42nd and Fifth Avenue was renamed "The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building following a $100 million contribution by Schwarzman (b.1947), co-founder of the Blackstone Group, toward the expansion of the New York Public Library.
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_A._Schwarzman)

1911        May 25, Porfolio Diaz, President of Mexico, resigned his office under pressure from the revolution.
    (HN, 5/25/98)(SC, 5/25/02)

1911        May 27, Hubert Humphrey, senator, was born. He served as VP (1965-69) to Lyndon Johnson (38th VP), and was a presidential candidate in 1968. "The greatest gift of life is friendship and I have received it."
    (HN, 5/27/98)(AP, 2/28/01)(MC, 5/27/02)
1911        May 27, Vincent Price, actor, was born in St. Louis, Mo. He became best known for his role in movies of Edgar Allen Poe horror stories. He stared in The Fly.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)(HN, 5/27/99)
1911        May 27, The Coney Island attraction "Dreamland" was destroyed by fire. The biggest ballroom in the world was located at the end of the Dreamland Pier from 1904-1911.
    (http://history.amusement-parks.com/dreamlandfire.htm)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.91)

1911        May 29, The first running of the Indianapolis 500. Ray Harroun won at 74.59 mph (120 kph). [see May 30]
    (HN, 5/29/98)(SC, 5/29/02)
1911         May 29, In SF the amusement park known as "The Chutes," located on Fillmore Street, burned down. The fire originated in the Chutes restaurant and destroyed 13 stores in the Chutes building. All the animals in the “Happy Family House" as well as the donkeys and ponies in the Chutes stable were killed. There would not be another amusement park in San Francisco for over 20 years, until Chutes-at-the-Beach opened at Ocean Beach in the mid-1920s, changing its name to Playland-at-the-Beach by 1928 and lasting until 1972. The shoot-the-chutes attraction was torn down in January 1950.
    (AJSF, Vol. 14. No. 2, Winter, 2003)(SSFC, 5/29/11, DB p.46)
1911        May 29, William Schwenck Gilbert (74), writer (Gilbert & Sullivan), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1911        May 30, The first long-distance auto race in Indianapolis was won by Ray Harroun. One driver was killed and the average speed was 74.4 mph. [see May 29]
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)(AP, 5/30/97)

1911        May, Morgan Shuster (1877-1960), an American lawyer, began serving as treasurer-general of the Persian empire. In December under Russian and British pressure, the vice-regent of Persia expelled Shuster from office against the will of the Persian parliament.
    (Econ, 7/17/10, p.87)

1911        Jun 4, Gold was discovered in Alaska’s Indian Creek.
    (HN, 6/4/98)

1911        Jun 6, The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) was created by a merger of The Tabulating Machine Company (Herman Hollerith's punch card company in Washington, DC), International Time Recording Company (a time clock maker in NY state), Computing Scale Company (maker of scales and food slicers in Dayton, Ohio), and Bundy Manufacturing (time clock maker in Auburn, NY). In 1924 the company was renamed Int’l. Business Machines (IBM).
    (http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/builders/builders_flint.html)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.64)

1911        Jun 9, Carry Amelia Moore Gloyd Nation (b.1846), American temperance leader, died in Leavenworth, Kansas. She was buried in the Belton City Cemetery, Belton, Cass County, Missouri. Carry Nation was a social reformer, saloon smasher and scourge of barkeepers and drinkers everywhere.

1911        Jun 10, Queen Wilhelmina opened the Rembrandt house in Amsterdam.
    (MC, 6/10/02)

1911        Jun 13, Luis W. Alvarez (d.1988), physicist (Nobel-1968), was born in SF, Ca.
    (MC, 6/13/02)(www.britannica.com)

1911        Jun 21, Albert Hirschfield, illustrator, was born.
    (HN, 6/21/01)
1911        Jun 21, Porfirio Diaz, the ex-president of Mexico, exiled himself to Paris.
    (HN, 6/21/98)

1911        Jun 22, King George V of England crowned at Westminster Abbey.
    (SFEM, 1/26/97, p.40)(HN, 6/22/98)

1911        Jun 27, Appsley Cherry-Gerrard, an English aristocrat and the youngest member of the Robert Falcon Scott South Pole expedition, began a 5 week expedition, lit by 5 hour-days of twilight, hauling a sledge on a hunt for pelican eggs that Scott wanted. He was accompanied by Lt. Henry Bowers and ornithologist Dr. Edward Wilson In 1922 he authored “The Worst Journey in the World." The author was later part of the rescue party that eventually found the frozen bodies of Scott and three men who had accompanied Scott on the final push to the Pole.
    (WSJ, 4/28/07, p.P8)(ON, 6/20/11, p.6)

1911        Jun 28, Samuel J. Battle became the first African-American policeman in New York City.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1911        Jun 29, Klaus E.J. Fuchs, German nuclear physicist, spy, was born.
    (MC, 6/29/02)
1911        Jun 29, Bernard Herrmann, composer, was born.
    (MC, 6/29/02)

1911         Jun 30, Czeslaw Milosz (d.2004), Polish poet and critic and Nobel winner, was born in Lithuania. In 2001 his Polish "Milosz’s ABC’s" was published in English.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.C1)(HN, 6/30/01)

1911        Jul 1, A proclamation removed "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1911        Jul 4, 105øF (41øC) at Vernon, Vermont (state record).
    (Maggio, 98)
1911        Jul 4, 106øF (41øC) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record).
    (Maggio, 98)
1911        Jul 4, Ty Cobb went 0 for 4 & ended a 40 game hit streak. White Sox Ed Walsh stopped Ty Cobb's 40-game hitting streak.
    (Maggio, 98)

1911        Jul 5, George Pompidou, Prime Minister of France, 1968, was born.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1911        Jul 7, Gian-Carlo Menotti, composer (Amahl & Night Visitors), was born in Italy.
    (MC, 7/7/02)

1911        Jul 14, Terry Thomas, actor (It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World), was born in England.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1911        Jul 16, Ginger Rogers (d.1995), actress and dancer, was born as Virginia Katherine McMath.
    (HN, 7/16/01)(MC, 7/16/02)

1911        Jul 18, Hume Cronyn, actor (World According to Garp, Cocoon), was born in London, Ontario.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1911        Jul 20, Generals Henry Wilson and Auguste Dubail signed a plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1911        Jul 21, Marshall McLuhan (d.1980), Canadian English professor and communication theorist, author of "The Medium is the Message," was born. He wrote the book: "Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man." "Only the vanquished remember history."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.357)(HN, 7/21/98)(AP, 4/11/00)

1911        Jul 24, Hiram Bingham, American explorer, was led by local guides to a Lost City of the Incas. He explored several Inca ruins and the mountaintop citadel of Machu Pichu. He was in search of the lost city of Vilcabamba, the Inca’s legendary last refuge from the invading Spaniards. Bingham was an archeologist from Yale and later served as a Connecticut governor and US senator. In 1948 Bingham authored “Lost City of the Incas."
    (www.tambotours.com/binghamtrek.html)(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 543)(SFC, 5/13/98, p.C4)(WSJ, 11/1/08, p.W18)

1911        Jul 28, Ann Doran, actress (Longstreet, Shirley), was born in Amarillo, Tx.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1911        Jul 31, George Liberace, violinist (Liberace Show), was born in Menasha, Wisc.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1911        Jul, Glenn Curtiss sold a seaplane with retractable wheels to the US Navy.
    (ON, 12/11, p.12)

1911        Aug 1, Konrad Duden (b.1829), German philologist, died. His 1880 dictionary represents the start of the Duden series and included 28,000 words on 187 pages.

1911        Aug 3, Airplanes were used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoitered Turkish lines near Tripoli.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1911        Aug 6, Lucille Ball (d.1989), American actress and comedian, was born. "I don’t know anything about luck. I’ve never banked on it, and I’m afraid of people who do. Luck to me is something else: hard work—and realizing what is opportunity and what isn’t."
    (AP, 3/12/98)(HN, 8/6/98)

1911        Aug 12, Cantinflas (d.1993), comedian and film star, was born in Mexico City as Mario Moreno.

1911        Aug 13, In San Francisco 10 members of the Industrial Workers of the World were arrested during a riot in North Beach. Speakers had been addressing a crowd denouncing all forms of government along with a tirade against the pope.
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, DB p.42)

1911        Aug 15, Procter and Gamble unveiled its Crisco shortening.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1911        Aug 18, Britain’s Parliament Act of 1911 was given Royal Assent. It asserted the supremacy of the House of Commons by limiting the legislation-blocking powers of the House of Lords (the suspensory veto).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_Acts_1911_and_1949)(Econ, 3/3/12, p.68)

1911        Aug 21, Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa" was stolen from the Louvre Museum. It had hung there for more than 100 years. Vincenzo Perugia, a former Louvre employee, stole the painting. It turned up in Italy two years later. In 2009 R.A. Scotti authored “Vanished Smile: The Mysterious Theft of Mona Lisa."
    (AP, 8/21/06)(SSFC, 5/10/09, Books p.H5)

1911        Aug 22, President William Taft vetoed a joint resolution of Congress granting statehood to Arizona.  Taft vetoed the resolution because he believed a provision in the state constitution authorizing the recall of judges was a blow at the independence of the judiciary. The offending clause was removed an Arizona was admitted to statehood on February 14, 1912. Afterward, the state restored the article in its constitution.
    (HNQ, 11/21/99)

1911        Aug 25, Jacopo Napoli, composer, was born.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1911        Aug 31, Anthony Fokker's demonstrated the aircraft "Snip."
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1911        Aug, Calbraith Perry Rodgers stayed aloft longer than any other contestant at the Chicago International Aviation Meet. Rodgers had recently purchased a new Wright airplane, the 1st ever sold to a private citizen.
    (ON, 10/06, p.10)

1911        Sep 1, M. Fourny set a world aircraft distance record of 720 km.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1911        Sep 9, An airmail route opened between London and Windsor.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1911        Sep 11, In San Francisco the San Francisco Examiner moved into its newly completed home in the Hearst Building at 5 Third St. It became part of the downtown "Newspaper Angle" that also included the offices of the The Chronicle and the San Francisco Call.
    (http://www.hearstbuildingsf.com/history/)(SFC, 4/27/19, p.D1)

1911        Sep 13, Bill Monroe, musician and the Father of Bluegrass, was born.
    (HN, 9/13/00)

1911        Sep 14, Russian Premier Piotr Stolypin was mortally wounded in an assassination attempt at the Kiev opera house.
    (HN, 9/14/98)

1911        Sep 15, SF Police Chief D.A. White abolished the “dead line" designed to keep the women of the underworld within the confines of Chinatown. The line was first instituted by Police Chief Biggy had been irregularly enforced.
    (SSFC, 9/11/11, DB p.46)

1911        Sep 17, Cigar-smoking Calbraith Perry Rodgers (1879-1912) set off from Sheepshead Bay, New York, on the first flight across America. Rodgers, sponsored by the Vin Fiz grape drink company, flew the fragile Wright B biplane in pursuit of a $50,000 prize offered to the first person to make a transcontinental flight in 30 days or less. Rodgers failed to win the prize because his 4,321-mile flight took 84 days—of which only 3 days, 10 hours and 4 minutes was actual flying time! His average speed was 51.56 miles per hour. By the time he landed at Long Beach, California, on November 5, Rodgers had made 70 crash landings, suffered numerous minor injuries and had rebuilt his Vin Fiz so completely that only one strut and the rudder were its original equipment.
    (HNPD, 9/18/98)(ON, 10/06, p.12)

1911        Sep 18, Russian Premier Piotr Stolypin (b.1862) died four days after being shot at the Kiev opera house by socialist lawyer Dimitri Bogroff. As governor of the Saratov province, Stolypin ruthlessly suppressed local peasant uprisings, and helped to squelch the revolutionary upheavals of 1905.
    (HN, 9/18/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyotr_Stolypin)

1911        Sep 19, William Golding (d.1993), novelist best known for Lord of the Flies, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in 1983.
    (HN, 9/19/98)(MC, 9/19/01)
1911        Sep 19, Red Tuesday. 20,000 protested for universal rights.
    (MC, 9/19/01)

1911        Sep 23, Frank Moss (d.2003), liberal Utah Democratic Senator (1958-1976), was born in Salt Lake City.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)
1911        Sep 23, Second International Aviation Meet opened in New York.
    (HN, 9/23/98)

1911        Sep 24, Konstantin Chernenko, president of the Soviet Union 1984-1985, was born.
    (HN, 9/24/98)

1911        Sep 25, Italy declared war on Turkey. [see Sep 30]
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1911        Sep 29, Walter Brookins set an American record by flying 192 miles from Chicago to Springfield, Ill., making two stops.
    (NPub, 2002, p.8)

1911        Sep 30, Italy declared war on Turkey over control of Tripoli. [see Sep 25]
    (HN, 9/30/98)

1911        Aug 28, Ishi (d.1916), a native Yahi Indian, walked out of the forest near Oroville, Ca. He underwent examination at UC medical center in San Francisco and liked to practice "drawing bow" on Parnassus Heights.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Z1 p.2)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.M1)(SFC, 9/6/14, p.C1)

1911        Oct 4, The 1st public elevator began service at London's Earl's Court Metro Station.
    (MC, 10/4/01)

1911        Oct 5, Italian troops occupied Tripoli.
    (MC, 10/5/01)

1911        Oct 10, California voters approved amendments by Republican Gov. Hiram Johnson that included the recall, initiative and referendum process as part of his progressive reform package. Almost 2/3 of 178,115 voters affirmed the amendments. Voters granted women the right to vote in state and local elections. It was the 6th state of the union to pass suffrage. The initiative process was set up so that once passed, initiatives could not be undone except by another vote of the people.
    (SFC, 5/18/98, p.A7)(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(SSFC, 8/3/03, p.D1)(SSFC, 10/5/03, p.E3)(SSFC, 10/10/04, p.E1)(SSFC, 6/16/13, p.E5)
1911        Oct 10, San Francisco voters defeated an amendment on “Votes for Women" by some 12,000 votes. Charges of corruption and ballot abuse were cited. The amendment passed state-wide.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.E1)(SSFC, 10/9/11, DB p.42)
1911        Oct 10, Sir Robert Borden (1854-1937) began serving as Canada's prime minister and continued to 1920. In 2011 his image was placed on the front of a Canadian $100 bill.
    (Reuters, 11/14/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Borden)

1911        Oct 10-1911 Oct 14, Revolution in China began with a bomb explosion in Wuchang, Hubei province, and the discovery of revolutionary headquarters in Hankow. Revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen (aka Sun Zhongshan) overthrew China's Manchu dynasty. The revolutionary movement spread rapidly through west and southern China, forcing the abdication of the last Ch'ing emperor, six-year-old Henry Pu-Yi. He was interned in Russia and China for 14 years after WW II and later worked as a gardener. By October 26, the Chinese Republic would be proclaimed, and on December 4, Premier Yuan Shih-K'ai would sign a truce with rebel general Li Yuan-hung. The Revolution declared that the art housed in the Forbidden City was to be for the public. The day became a holiday known as Double 10 or national Day.
    (WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(AP, 10/10/97)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A21)(HN, 10/10/98)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.68)(Econ, 11/5/16, p.38)

1911        Oct 14, Pres. Wm. Taft breaks ground for the PPIE in Golden Gate Park Stadium (later called the Polo Field).
    (SFC, 10/15, 1911)
1911        Oct 14, John Marshall Harlan (b.1833), US Supreme Court Justice, died after serving 34 years. A memoir written by his wife, Malvina, was later discovered and published in 2002: "Some Memories of a Long Life (1854-1911)"
    (WSJ, 5/28/02, p.D7)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/44/)
1911        Oct 14, Revolution in China began with a bomb explosion and the discovery of revolutionary headquarters in Hankow. The revolutionary movement spread rapidly through west and southern China, forcing the abdication of the last Ch’ing emperor, six-year-old Henry Pu-Yi.
    (HN, 10/14/98)
1911        Oct 14, Le Duc Tho (d.1990), North Vietnamese representative at Paris peace talk (1970-72), was born. He declined the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.

1911        Oct 19, A team, consisting of Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen set out from base camp Framheim on a 2nd to reach the South Pole. They reach the South Pole on Dec 14.

1911        Oct 20, Will Rogers Jr, actor (Down to Earth), was born in NY.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1911        Oct 24, Clarence M. Kelley, FBI head, was born.
    (MC, 10/24/01)
1911        Oct 24, Sonny Terry, blues performer, was born.
    (HN, 10/24/00)
1911        Oct 24, Robert Scott's expedition left Cape Evans for South Pole.
    (MC, 10/24/01)

1911        Oct 25, In Chicago Ada and Minna Everleigh closed their Everleigh Club, a high-end brothel, which they had begun in 1910. In 2007 Karen Abbott authored “Sin in the Second City: Madams, Ministers, Playboys, and the Battle for America's Soul."
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)

1911        Oct 26, Mahalia Jackson (d.1972), American gospel singer, was born. "It's easy to be independent when you've got money. But to be independent when you haven't got a thing -- that's the Lord's test."
    (AP, 3/18/99)(MC, 10/26/01)

1911        Oct 29, Joseph Pulitzer (1847), Hungary-born American newspaperman, died in Charleston, S.C. In 2002 Denis Brian authored "Pulitzer: A Life." In 2010 James McGrath Morris authored “Pulitzer: A Life in Politics, Print, and Power."
    (WSJ, 1/30/02, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Pulitzer)(SSFC, 3/7/10, p.F4)

1911        Oct 31, Prof. John J. Montgomery (b.1858) died when his glider crashed on his 56th flight at the Evergreen College campus south of San Jose.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1911        Oct, The Philadelphia Athletics, forerunners of the Oakland A’s, won the World Series, beating the New York Giants of the National League, today’s SF Giants.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)
1911         Oct, In China the Revolution overthrew the Qing Dynasty and declared that the art housed in the Forbidden City was to be for the public.
    (WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1911        Oct, Italian troops began deporting Libyans to Italian islands in the Adriatic. More then 5,000 Libyans were deported between 1911 and WW II in an effort to break the resistance.
    (AFP, 10/26/07)

1911        Nov 1, Italian planes performed the first aerial bombing on Tanguira oasis in Libya. Lt. Giulio Cavotti dropped a hand grenade on an oasis outside of Tripoli. In 2001 Sven Lindqvist authored "A History of Bombing."
    (HN, 11/1/98)(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.3)

1911        Nov 5, Roy Rogers, singing cowboy (Happy Trails, Roy Rogers Show), was born. He was born as Leonard Franklin Slye in Cincinnati where his father worked in a shoe factory. He died in 1998 at age 86.
    (SFC, 7/7/98, p.A1,2)(MC, 11/5/01)
1911        Nov 5, Calbraith P. Rodgers ended the first transcontinental flight; 49 days from New York to Pasadena, Calif.
    (HN, 11/5/98)
1911        Nov 5, Italy attacked Turkish North-Africa (Libya), and took Tripoli and Cyrenaica.  First use of a plane dropping bombs. [see Nov 1]
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1911        Nov 6, Maine became a dry state.
    (HN, 11/6/98)

1911        Nov 10, President Taft ended a 15,000-mile, 57-day speaking tour.
    (HN, 11/10/00)
1911        Nov 10, Andrew Carnegie formed the Carnegie Corp. for scholarly & charitable works.
    (MC, 11/10/01)
1911        Nov 10, George Levick, a surgeon and the medical officer on Scott's famous 1910-1913 expedition to the South Pole, wrote in Greek (translated here): "This afternoon I saw a most extraordinary site [sic]. A Penguin was actually engaged in sodomy upon the body of a dead white throated bird of its own species. The act occurred a full minute, the position taken up by the cock differing in no respect from that of ordinary copulation, and the whole act was gone through down to the final depression of the cloaca."
1911        Nov 10, The Imperial government of China retook Nanking.
    (HN, 11/10/99)

1911        Nov 11, In Chicago a man died of heat prostration.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, Z1 p.2)

1911        Nov 12, Buck Clayton, jazz trumpeter, was born.
    (HN, 11/12/00)
1911        Nov 12, In Chicago two people froze to death. The temperature had dropped 61 degrees overnight.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, Z1 p.2)

1911        Nov 18, Alfred Binet, French child psychologist, died.
    (MC, 11/18/01)

1911        Nov 19, New York received the first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1911        Nov 20, Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" premiered in Munich.
    (MC, 11/20/01)

1911        Nov 21, Suffragettes stormed Parliament in London. All were arrested and all chose prison terms.
    (HN, 11/21/98)

1911        Nov 26, In San Francisco John Edwards, known as “The King of the Opium Ring," was arrested near his home at 133 Fillmore St. Police secured the biggest haul of morphine, cocaine and opium ever found in the possession of one man.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, DB p.42)

1911        Nov 27, Audience threw over-ripe vegetables at actors for the 1st recorded time in US.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1911        Nov 28, Zapata proclaimed Plan of Ayala, Mexico.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1911        Nov 29, Konrad Fuchs, German atomic physicist, was born. He worked on developing the atomic bomb in the United States during World War II while giving its secrets to the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 11/23/99)

1911        Dec 3, Nino Rota, composer (Torquemada), was born in Milan, Italy. He composed operas and orchestral music and taught at Italy's Bari Conservatory. He also wrote scores for Federico Fellini and other film directors.
    (WSJ, 3/5/99, p.W10)(MC, 12/3/01)

1911        Dec 4, The US Supreme Court in Grigbsy v. Russell established the policy owner’s right to transfer an insurance policy.
    (Econ, 6/13/09, p.78)(http://tinyurl.com/nj4pe5)

1911        Dec 8, The 61-member SF Orchestra, later known as the SF Symphony, played its first performance before some 1400 people and featured works by Wagner, Haydn and Tchaikovsky. The performance featured violinist Fritz Kreisler.
    (SFC, 9/5/11, p.A12)

1911        Dec 10, Chester "Chet" Huntley, American broadcast journalist, was born.  He teamed with David Brinkley to anchor TV nightly news.
    (HN, 12/10/99)
1911        Dec 10, Cal Rodgers (1879-1912) completed the first US transcontinental flight in the Wright EX Vin Fiz.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calbraith_Perry_Rodgers)(NPub, 2002, p.8)
1911        Dec 10, Joseph Dalton Hooker (b.1817), British botanist and explorer, died.
    (WSJ, 5/10/08, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Dalton_Hooker)

1911        Dec 11, Naguib Mahfouz (d.2006), Nobel Prize-winning Egyptian novelist, was born.
    (HN, 12/11/00)(SFC, 8/31/06, p.A13)

1911        Dec 12, In northern India Britain’s King George V stood before some 562 princes as well as maharajahs, soldiers and bureaucrats, and made a surprise announcement that would change the fate of Delhi, an ancient fading city with a population of 410,000. The king said Delhi would be the new capital of India.
    (AP, 12/11/11)(Econ, 12/17/11, p.68)

1911        Dec 13, Kenneth Patchen, American poet and author, was born. His works included "Before the Brave" and "Hurrah for Anything."
    (HN, 12/13/99)

1911        Dec 14, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole, beating an expedition led by Robert F. Scott. The best book on Scott and Amundsen is by Roland Huntford "Scott and Amundsen."
    (AP, 12/14/97)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.1,6)

1911        Dec 16, In Texas two farm laborers, ages 16 and 20, conspired to hitch a ride on the fruit wagon, challenge Fort Worth peddler Nathan Schlessinger (26) to a game of poker, and abscond with his earnings. As planned, the youths traveled in the wagon for five miles before “proposing" a card game. When Schlessinger declined, the older youth slammed him in the forehead with brass knuckles. The peddler jumped off the wagon, ran down the “desolate" dirt road begging for his life, and fell to the earth when the older youth fired three shots from a Colt 41 revolver. A jury later sentenced the gunman to life in prison. His accomplice was tried separately and pleaded insanity. After his trial ended in a hung jury, the prosecution dismissed the charges.
    (Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 2/26/22)
1911        Dec 16, Great Britain's National Insurance Act created National Insurance, originally a system of health insurance for industrial workers based on contributions from employers, the government, and the workers themselves.

1911        Dec 18, Jules Dassin, director (Circle of Two, Never on Sunday), was born in Middletown, Ct.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1911        Dec 19, Onetime race-car driver Weldon Cooke piloted the homemade Black Diamond airplane over Mount Tamalpais on a flight from Oakland, Ca., to Marin County.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A1)

1911        Dec 21, Joshua Gibson, baseball player for the Negro Leagues, Home-Run King, was born. Segregated baseball lasted sixty years in the United States.
    (HN, 12/21/98)

1911        Dec 22, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CommBank) was founded as a government bank. In 1991 it became a public company.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_Bank)(Econ, 8/12/17, p.58)
1911        Dec 22, Ecuador’s President Estrada died of a heart attack.

1911        Dec 23, Emmanuel Wolf-Ferrari's opera "I Giojelli Della Madonna" was produced in Berlin.
    (MC, 12/23/01)

1911        Dec 30, Sun Yat-sen was elected the first president of the Republic of China.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1911        Dec 31, Tennessee Coal’s convict lease contract with Louisiana expired.
    (WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1911        Dec 31, Helene Dutrieu won the Femina aviation cup in Etampes. She set a distance record for women at 158 miles.
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1911        The "Mona Lisa" was stolen from the Louvre. The theft was made into a film in 1997 based on the Seymour Reit book: "The Man Who Stole the Mona Lisa."
    (SFC, 4/29/97, p.B5)

1911        Marc Chagall painted Russia with "Donkeys and Others," "The Russian Village of the Moon" and "I and the Village."
    (WSJ, 5/11/95, p. A-14)(SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)

1911        Vasily Kandinsky painted "Compositions IV & V." "This airy, whitish, light-filled canvas abounds with imagery from Kandinsky’s Russian childhood..."
    (WSJ, 2/8/95), p.A-12)
1911        Vasily Kandinsky (45) and Franz Marc (31) formed Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a Munich artist group that included Paul Klee, Alexei Jawlensky, August Macke and Gabriele Munter.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.87)

1911        Roger de la Fresnaye painted "Artillery."
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.D5)

1911        Henri Matisse painted "The Blue Window."
    (WSJ, 1/14/00, p.W12)

1911        Egon Schiele, Austrian expressionist, painted "Dead City III."
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A7)

1911        Rev. William Wolcott willed paintings by Monet, Pissarro and 14 other artists to the Daniel White Fund to "create and gratify a public taste for fine art, particularly among the people of Lawrence." He requested that the paintings be housed in a museum until a gallery was built.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A25)

1911        J.M. Barrie adopted Peter Pan into the novel “Peter and Wendy." [see Dec 27, 1904]
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.2D)

1911        Max Beerbohm wrote "Zuleika Dobson." In 1998 it was ranked 59th in a list of 100 best English language novels of the 20th century.
    (SFEC, 11/15/98, BR p.6)

1911        Ambrose Bierce (1842-1914), authored “The Devil’s Dictionary."
    (WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P8)

1911        Joseph Smeaton Chase traveled the coast from Mexico to Oregon via horse and wrote a journal titled "California Coast Trails."
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T3)

1911        G.K. Chesterton authored his historical novel “The Ballad of the White Horse" set in England in 878 as King Alfred faced the invading Danes.
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.P10)

1911        Irving Fisher (1867-1947), American Economist, authored “The Purchasing Power of Money," in which he formalized the quantity theory of money.
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.76)(Econ, 2/14/09, p.78)

1911        Hugo Gernsback (1884-1967) included the 1st chapter of his fictional, futuristic serial called Ralph 124C41+ in his Modern Electrics magazine.
    (ON, 11/05, p.10)

1911        Charlotte Perkins Gilman wrote "The Man-Made World" and "Our Androcentric Culture." [may be one book]
    (SFEM, 6/28/98, p.34)

1911        Joseph Schumpeter (1883-1950), Austrian political economist, authored "The Theory of Economic Development."

1911        Edith Wharton authored her novel "Ethan Frome."
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, BR p.8)

1911        The silent film “Their First Misunderstanding" starred Mary Pickford. This was the first film in which Pickford was given credit in the advertising materials. A single and only known copy of the film was found in a New Hampshire barn in 2013.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.A5)
1911        The silent film "The Military Air Scout" featured Lt. H.H. Arnold as the first movie stunt man.
    (SFC, 2/8/97, p.A24)
1911        The film "A Tale of Two Cities" was the most popular of the year. It starred Norma Tal and she won a best actress award for her role.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)

1911        Debussy composed "Trois Ballades de Francois Villon" set to poems by the poet.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, DB p.9)

1911        Scott Joplin (1868-1917) published the vocal score of his opera "Treemonisha" from his own pocket. He had completed it in 1910 but no publisher would accept a ragtime opera by a black composer. Joplin also footed a single reading this year with piano accompaniment. The 1st full professional staging was done in 1975 by the Houston Grand Opera.
    (WSJ, 7/5/00, p.A20)(SFC, 6/21/03, p.D1)(WSJ, 3/8/06, p.D14)

1911        Igor Stravinsky composed "Petrouchka."
    (T&L, 10/80, p. 106)

1911        Sophie Tucker (d.1966 at 78), cabaret singer, had Thomas Edison engineer her first record.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.E3)

1911        The most popular song of the year was "Oh! You Beautiful Doll."
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)

1911        In San Francisco a 3-story mansion was built at 535 Powell St. It was designed by architect C.A. Meusdorffer.
    (SSFC, 1/29/12, p.C3)
1911        In San Francisco the 4,425 square-foot revival manor home at 1392 Seventh Ave. was built. In 2014 it was listed for $2.895 million.
    (SFC, 7/18/14, p.C4)
1911        SF Bay Area banker and entrepreneur Mortimer Fleishhacker (1868-1953) built a grand home on 75 acres in Woodside, Ca.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.M12)
1911        Fernbridge was built over the Eel River in Ferndale, Ca.
    (SSFC, 6/10/07, p.G8)
1911        In SF the Perine Mansion, designed by Conrad Meussdorffer, was built at 535 Powell St. It later became the home of Tessie Wall (d.1922), a SF madam.
    (SFC, 7/2/07, p.E1)
1911        The Sunol Water Temple near Niles Canyon in Alameda County, Ca., was designed by Willis Polk as a tribute to Vesta and the SF water system. He designed it with 12 circular columns supporting a wood and tile roof.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.A21,26)
1911        In SF the Old First Presbyterian Church laid the cornerstone for its Byzantine style edifice at Van Ness and Sacramento. The church was later rocked by financial scandal under Rev. John Creighton. In 1999 Stephen Taber authored his book on the 300-member church: "Pioneer Community of Faith."
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A19)
1911        In SF the First St. John’s United Methodist Church, designed by George Washington Kramer, was constructed at Larkin and Clay. It went empty in 2005 as the church agreed to sell the land to Pacific Polk Properties to build a 27-unit condominium. It failed to attain status as a city landmark and was slated for demolition in 2009.
    (SFC, 5/27/09, p.B1)
1911        In SF a 2-story building was constructed in Art Nouveau style at 1660 Haight St. to serve as a vaudeville house. It later became a neighborhood market  and then a clothing bazaar.
    (SSFC, 1/10/10, p.C2)
1911        In the SF Bay Hazel Langenour became the 1st woman to swim the Golden Gate span.
    (SFCM, 1/25/04, p.15)
1911        Hiram Johnson began serving as governor of California and continued to 1917.
    (SSFC, 6/16/13, p.E5)
1911        James "Sunny Jim" Rolph was elected as mayor of SF. He went on to become the governor of the state in 1930. He lived by the motto: "Make no enemies." He claimed to be a descendent of Pocahontas.
    (SFC, 3/16/98, p.A14)(SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4,5)
1911        In San Francisco the Black Cat opened in the basement of the Athens Hotel at 56 Mason St. It was the first café to inhabit the basement and offered cabaret-style entertainment. It shut down in 1921. In the 1930s the space re-opened as the Kit Kat Club.
    (SFC, 11/1/14, p.C1)
1911        In SF the amusement park known as “The Chutes," located on Fulton Street, burned down. The rides that survived the fire were moved, including the Shoot-the-Chutes, to Ocean Beach, which inspired the first name for the amusement area, Chutes at the Beach.
1911        Liguria started a focaccia tradition in San Francisco’s North Beach.
    (SSFC, 10/30/11, p.G3)
1911        The Victoria Pastry Co. began making Sicilian specialties in San Francisco’s North Beach.
    (SSFC, 10/30/11, p.G3)
1911        Wild oysters in SF Bay Area were pretty much wiped out by this time. The native Olympia oyster, Ostrea lurida, had once blanketed the region from Southern California to Southeastern Alaska. In 2012 a scientific study said the Olympia oyster was functionally extinct.
    (SFC, 7/7/12, p.A10)

1911        The New York Public Library at 5th Ave. and 42nd opened its doors. It was designed by Carere and Hastings and featured a 78-by-297-foot reading room in the General Research Division.
    (WSJ, 11/17/98, p.21)

1911        The Hotel Utah was completed in Salt Lake City across the street from Temple Square. Ten stories of Edwardian glazed brick, tile, concrete and terra-cotta is surmounted by a statue of Utah’s state symbol, a beehive.
    (T&L, 10/1980, p.W36/8)

1911        Frederick Winslow Taylor, American efficiency expert, authored “The Principles of Scientific Management." Here Taylor declared: "In the past man was first, in the future the system will be first."
    (WSJ, 6/13/97, p.A17)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.69)

1911        Freud and Jung visited NYC as a prelude to their lectures at Clark Univ. [see 1909]
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, BR p.3)

1911        George B. Post, architect and designer of early skyscrapers, was awarded the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architecture.
    (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A24)

1911        Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the isolation of the elements polonium and radium.
    (SSFC, 11/28/04, p.4)
1911        Maurice Maeterlinck (1862-1949), Belgian poet, dramatist, and essayist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. His play 'Pelleas and Melisande' was adopted as a libretto by Claude Debussy.
    (WUD, 1994, p.861)(SFEC, 3/2/97, BR p.8)
1911        Wilhelm Wien (1864-1928), German physicist, won the Nobel Prize. In 1893 he used theories about heat and electromagnetism to deduce Wien's displacement law, which calculates the emission of a blackbody at any temperature from the emission at any one reference temperature.

1911        The NY Highlanders (later Yankees) signed Justin Fitzgerald (d.1952) from San Mateo, Ca., to a $385 per year contract, the largest ever presented to an amateur player from the West Coast.
    (Ind, 4/17/00, 5A)

1911        William Howard Taft was president of the US and James S. Sherman was his vice-president.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)

1911        The first US experimental airmail flight took place on Long Island, a 3-mile journey between Garden City Estates and Mineola.
    (SFC, 9/12/08, p.B5)

1911        The US Navy acquired its first airplane, the A-1 Triad.
    (HT, 4/97, p.60)

1911        The stock market tumbled and a recession began. It was precipitated in part by a federal antitrust suit against US Steel.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.B2)

1911        The US Geological Survey estimated the Black Mesa coal reserves at 16 billion tons.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)

1911        Fingerprints were first used in a courtroom as evidence. In 2002 a US federal judge challenged their validity.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.A19)

1911        In Little Rock, Arkansas, the Capital Guards statue was placed at MacArthur Park during the United Confederate Veterans Reunion. The Capital Guards militia unit had formed to fight for the Confederacy. In 2020 the statue was put into storage pending a new location.
    (AP, 6/19/20)

1911        In San Francisco the Romanesque Gothic style St. Paul’s Church was dedicated at 1660 Church St.
    (SFC, 11/7/15, p.C3)
1911        California began collecting a corporate franchise tax. It was attacked as being unfair. In 1929 it was overhauled to be based on a company’s income and was placed under the newly created Franchise Tax Commission. In 1949 the commission’s named was changed to the Franchise Tax Board.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.D5)
1911        The California state legislature officially adopted the grizzly bear state flag.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.16)
1911        California voters granted women the right to vote in state and local elections. It was the 6th state of the union to pass suffrage.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(SSFC, 10/10/04, p.E1)
1911        San Francisco essentially legalized prostitution by establishing an institution called the Municipal Clinic. City ordnance required every prostitute to register, receive a registration booklet and report to the clinic on Commercial Street every four days for a physical examination. In 1913 Mayor Rolph succumbed to political pressure and closed down the clinic.
    (SFC, 6/6/15, p.C2)
1911        The Empress Theater in Vallejo, Ca., was built. It opened for business in 1912.
    (SSFC, 10/15/17, p.N2)

1911        American Tobacco was broken up under the Sherman Antitrust Law, and freed former holdings such as Ligget & Myers Co., P. Lorrilard Co., and R.J. Reynolds. A company called American tobacco survived the breakup.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1911        Securities of automotive companies were listed on the New York Stock Exchange for the first time.

1911        The Indianapolis 500 race was first run. [see 1910]
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 8/24/96, p.E1)

1911        Kansas became the first US state to pass “blue sky" rules governing the public offering of securities.  The process culminated in the 1933 Federal Securities Act.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.64)

1911        In Louisiana a statue of Jefferson Davis, the Civil War president of the Confederate States of America, was erected in New Orleans under a commission by the Jefferson Davis Memorial Association.
    (SFC, 5/11/17, p.A8)

1911        Michigan drew the first white center line on a roadway.
    (WSJ, 5/8/97, p.B1)

1911        "A Trip Through New York City" by the Swedish company Svenska Biografteatern on a trip to America.

1911        Nevada, in an effort to raise revenue, began offering divorces in 6 weeks, the quickest in the US.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.11)

1911        In Tacoma, Wa., Frank C. Mars began his candy company with a circle of chocolate covered with a crunchy coating. It was modeled after a British confection. His son, Forrest, created M&Ms in 1940.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A21)

1911        General Motors Truck Co. was formed.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1911        Louis Chevrolet helped establish the Chevrolet Motor Company.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFEC, 1/9/00, Z1 p.2)

1911        Henry Ford reduced the retail price of the Model T to $690.
    (ON, 3/03, p.3)

1911        Goodyear began flying its blimps. Frank Augustus Seiberling (1859-1954) was the founder of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. in Akron, Ohio.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.B3)(SFC, 5/26/99, Z1 p.6)

1911        The Hearst Corp. acquired Good Housekeeping magazine.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1911        Quaker Oats bought the Great Western Cereal Co., maker of Mothers Oats. Great Western of Akron, Ohio, had owned the brand since 1901.
    (SFC, 1/16/08, p.G4)

1911        Sears, Roebuck & Co. began offering mortgage loans.
    (WSJ, 10/31/05, p.B1)

1911        Einstein presented the idea that matter curves the fabric of space.
    (NH, 2/97, p.76)

1911        The Marconi truck had a radio.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1911        Ernest Rutherford theorized that atoms must be mainly empty space with a small nucleus in the center. He overturned the idea that that the atom is solid. This led to the theory that the energy stored in the nucleus of an atom could be released.
    (NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 642,653)(SFEC, 12/19/99, Par p.14)

1911        Superconductors were first discovered.
    (SFC, 3/13/97, p.B1)

1911        Lee DeForest invented the vacuum tube in Palo Alto, Ca.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.D1)

1911        A half gallon of milk was 17 cents, a pound of butter was 34 cents, a pound of round steak was 18 cents, and a pound of potatoes was 22 cents. The average annual income was $520 and a new Ford was $780.
    (SMTS, 10/1/86, p.4)

1911        Samuel Drumheller and Jesse Gouge began mining operations in Alberta, Canada near Calgary. The coal operations revealed many fossil remains of dinosaurs.
    (CFA, ‘96, p.62-63)

1911        H.H. Baker, American geologist, proposed that the split of the continental masses was attributable to the approach of Venus during the Cenozoic.
    (DD-EVTT, p.189)

1911        George C. Munro, a naturalist from New Zealand, planted Norfolk pine tress along the crest of the mountain ridge of Lana’i, Hawaii.
    (SFEM, 10/13/96, p.24)

1911        Monarch, the captive California grizzly bear, died in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park not far from the present children’s playground.
    (Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.17)

1911        Alfred Binet, psychologist, died. He developed the Binet Intelligence Test as a general measure of intellectual potential.
    (WSJ, 7/18/97, p.A14)

1911        Edmonia Lewis (b.1843), American sculptor, died. Her work included “The Death of Cleopatra."
    (SSFC, 2/27/05, p.B1)

1911        Elmer McCurdy, outlaw, died. His mummified corpse became a tourist attraction in a small Oklahoma funeral home, and later was taken across country in carnivals and roving wax museums. In 2002 Mark Svengold authored "Elmer McCurdy: The Misadventures in Life and Afterlife of an American Outlaw."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M4)

1911        David S. Woods (b.1830), painter, died. His work included the c1859 portrait of a horse named "Black Hawk," owned by Ansel Easton, co-owner of the Pacific Mail Steamship Co.
    (SFCM, 10/28/01, p.18)

1911        The Australian federal government took control of the Northern Territory as part of a deal to build a railway linking Adelaide to Darwin.
    (Econ, 8/9/03, p.36)

1911        In Bosnia the Black Hand was the nickname for a secret society, Unity or Death, formed in 1911 by Serbian army officers seeking liberation of Bosnia from Austrian domination. These nationalist leaders sought the creation of a Greater Serbia.
    (HNQ, 5/29/99)

1911        Karl Pearson (1857-1936), English mathematician and later regarded as the father of modern statistics, founded the first statistics department at Univ. College London (UCL).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Pearson)(Econ, 12/20/14, p.98)
1911        King George V of Britain visited India. He went hunting in Nepal and from the back of an elephant bagged 21 tigers, 8 rhinos, and a bear.
    (NG, 12/97, p.138)
1911        The first Michelin guide to the British Isles was published to help travelers and included information on how to change a tire.
    (AFP, 1/18/11)

1911        Chinese men stopped shaving their heads and wearing braids. The style had originated under the order of a Manchu emperor in 1644.
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, Z1 p.6)
1911        Tsinghua University was established in 1911 originally as "Tsinghua Xuetang," a preparatory school for students who would be sent by the government to study in universities in the United States. The school was renamed "Tsinghua School" in 1912. The university section was instituted in 1925 and undergraduate students were then enrolled. The name "National Tsinghua University" was adopted in 1928, and in 1929 the Research Institute was set up.
1911        In China the Yangtze River overflowed and some 100,000 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.B3)

1911        Mohun Bagan of Kolkata beat the East Yorkshire Regiment for the Indian Football Association Shield. It became the first Asian squad to defeat a foreign team.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.27)

1911        In Italy Fillipo Marinetti, founder of the Futurist movement, predicted that 21st century Italy would be controlled by a technocracy of engineers living in "high tension chambers…between wall of iron and crystal..."
    (SFC, 1/13/99, Z1 p.3)

1911        Under the Treaty of Fez, signed in 1912 signed to settle the Agadir Crisis, France ceded territories to the east and south to Cameroon.

1911        In Nepal King Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah (36) passed away and his son King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah (b.1906) ascended the throne.

1911        North-Eastern Rhodesia and North-Western Rhodesia, administered as separate units, were merged to form the British Colony of Northern Rhodesia (Later Zambia).

1911        In the Philippines the Taal volcano erupted and 1,335 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.A14)

1911        In Russia Mendel Beilis was tried on charges of killing a Russian child to extract its blood for baking Passover matzos. He spent over 2 years in prison before a jury found him not guilty. Franz Kafka followed the story and may have transformed it into a universal symbol of arbitrary victimization in his "The Trial."
    (WSJ, 10/17/00, p.A20)
1911        Russia exported 13.7 million tons of grain while some 30 million of its peasants suffered from famine.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.B3)

1911        A group of South Africans took part in the Trans-Saharan Ostrich Expedition to claim the Barbary Ostrich from French West Africa. They then sold the expensive plumes to milliners in across American and Europe.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.95)

1911        In Stockholm, Sweden, construction began on a new city hall. The design was a mix of Italian Renaissance, Moorish and Byzantine style and was  completed in 1923.
    (SSFC, 8/19/07, p.G4)

1911        Eugene Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist, coined the term “schizophrenia."
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.84)

1911        The Hanoi Opera House in Vietnam was designed by the French.
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, p.T6)

1911-1912    In Mexico during the Revolution the crime rate rose in double digits for two years in a row
    (SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)

1911-1913    In Mexico Francisco Indalecio Madero, revolutionary and political leader, served as president.
    (WUD, 1994, p.861)

1911-1917    Sir Robert Borden, Conservative Party, served as the 8th Prime Minister of Canada.
    (CFA, ‘96, p.81)

1911-1931    Omar Mukhtar harassed the Italian forces attempting to subdue Libya. The 1981 film “Lion in the Desert" starred Anthony Quinn as Omar Mukhtar.
    (Econ, 11/26/05, p.29)

1911-1960    David Park, American artist. His work included: "Man in a T-Shirt" and "Untitled" (1958), "Torso" (1959).
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, DB p.21)(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)

1911-1976     Rosalind Russell, American actress: "Taste. You cannot buy such a rare and wonderful thing. You can’t send away for it in a catalogue. And I’m afraid it’s becoming obsolete."
    (AP, 4/20/97)

1911-1979    Elizabeth Bishop, American poet and artist. As a Manhattan primitive she specialized in watercolor and her work tended to be small.
    (WSJ, 12/5/96, p.A16)

1911-1986    Andre Leroi-Gourhan, paleolithic scholar. He viewed cave painting as an integrated composition. He wrote "Treasures of Prehistoric Art."
    (NH, 7/96, p.22)

1911-1991    George J. Stigler, American economist: "The trouble is that hardly anybody in America goes to bed angry at night."
    (AP, 1/23/99)

1911-1996    Norma Teagarden, jazz pianist. Her brother Jack was a celebrated trombonist, brother Charlie a trumpeter, and Cub a drummer. She joined Jack’s big band in 1942 and played in the bands of Ben Pollack and Ada Leonard. In the late 40s she led her own band and began teaching students. In 1963 the entire family performed together at the Monterey Jazz Festival. She played with a strong striding left hand and a softer right hand. Since 1975 she played at the Washington Square Bar and Grill in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)

1911-1997     "Traditional Chinese Painting in the 20th Century" by Lang Shaojun is the 5th section of Wu Hung’s 1997 "The Origins of Chinese Painting." The period is marked by the emergence of the literati-amateur movement.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.6)

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