Timeline of Earthquakes

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3600BC    The Supe people, a maritime farming community along the coast of Peru, disappeared about this time. In 2009 researchers found their disappearance coincided with earthquakes and landslides followed by massive flooding.
    (SFC, 1/20/09, p.A13)

373BC    The Greek city of Helike was destroyed by an earthquake. Historians recorded that rats, snakes and weasels had abandoned Helice just days before the quake struck.
    (NH, 10/02, p.78)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A6)

360BC    Greek philosopher Plato, in his "dialogues" from about this time, said an island he called Atlantis "in a single day and night... disappeared into the depths of the sea." He described Atlantis as "an island situated in front of the straits which are by you called the Pillars of Hercules." In 2011 a US-led research team, using a satellite photo of a suspected submerged city, suggested a site just north of Cadiz, Spain, as the site of Atlantis.
    (Reuters, 3/12/11)

27BC        An earthquake hit Egypt and devastated the temple of Amenhotep III in Luxor, which dated to about 1389.
    (AP, 4/26/11)

132        Zhang Heng introduced an earthquake weathercock, a device that could inform the Chinese court of a distant earthquake.
    (NG, Feb, 04, p.28)

363         A devastating earthquake leveled half the city of Petra, the principal city of Nabatea.
    (AP, 6/21/03)

365        Jul 21, An earthquake, whose epicenter was in Crete, leveled the Egyptian Port of Alexandria as well as the Roman outpost of Leptis Magna in Libya. Some 50,000 people died. The ancient Egyptian city, known as Leukaspis or Antiphrae, was hidden for centuries after it was nearly wiped out by the tsunami. When Chinese engineers began cutting into the sandy coast to build the roads for a new resort in 1986, they struck the ancient tombs and houses of the town founded in the second century B.C.
    (www.earthscape.org/r2/jos/vol1-1june1997/pg55.html)(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.18)(AP, 9/8/10)

526        May 29, Antioch, Turkey, was struck by an earthquake and about 250,000 died. [see May 20]
    (AM, 11/00, p.69)(SC, 5/29/02)

1201        Jul 5, An earthquake in Syria and upper Egypt killed some 1.1 million people.

1349        L'Aquila in central Italy was devastated by an earthquake.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

1365        Basel, Switzerland, was wrecked by an earthquake.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

1382        John Wycliffe~ez_rsquo~s heresy hearing was interrupted by an earthquake that toppled the tower of Canterbury Cathedral.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.W6)

1456        Dec 5, Earthquake struck Naples and 35,000 died.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1461        L'Aquila in central Italy was again devastated by an earthquake.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

1531        Jan 26, Lisbon was hit by an earthquake and some about 30,000 died.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1600        Feb 18, Arequipa, Peru, was destroyed by an earthquake. Huaynaputina was the site of a monogenetic silicic eruption that ranks greater than 1883 Krakatau and 1991 Mt. Pinatubo in magnitude. A 26 hour-long plinian eruption devastated the socioeconomic fabric of southern Peru and neighboring Chile and Bolivia.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A16)(http://tinyurl.com/ydmwzba)

1626        Jul 30, An earthquake hit Naples and some 10,000 died.
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1663        Jan 6, There was a great earthquake in New England.
    (MC, 1/6/02)

1687        Oct 20, In Peru a massive earthquake leveld most of Lima. It triggered a tsunami and overall about 5,000 people died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1687_Peru_earthquake)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.A6)

1700        Jan 26, A magnitude 9.0 earthquake shook Northern California, Oregon, Washington and British Colombia. It triggered tsunami that damages villages in Japan.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1700        Jan 27, A tsunami hit Honshu Island, Japan. It was later estimated that wave was triggered by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake in California.
    (CW, Spring ~ez_lsquo~99, p.32)

1703        Dec 30, Tokyo was hit by Earthquake and some 37,000 people died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1703        L'Aquila in central Italy was again devastated by an earthquake.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.80)

1727        An earthquake on Martinique devastated the local cocoa plantations. Landowners replanted fields with coffee from French Captain Gabriel Mathieu de Clieu.
    (ON, 10/2010, p.12)

1730        Jul 8, A magnitude 8.7 earthquake in Valparasio, Chile, killed at least 3,000 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1755        Nov 1, An 8.7 earthquake hit Lisbon, Portugal, and killed some 70,000 people. Heavy damage resulted from ensuing fires and tsunami flooding in Morocco and nearly a quarter of a million people were killed. In 2008 Nicholas Shrady authored ~ez_ldquo~The Last Day: Wrath, Ruin and Reason in the Great Lisbon Earthquake.~ez_rdquo~
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/eqsmosde.html)(Econ, 4/5/08, p.86)

1797        Feb 4, Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador, some killed 40,000 people. Riobamba was destroyed.

1805        Jul 26, Naples and Calabria were struck by an earthquake and some 26,000 died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1811        Dec 15-16, A 7.3 earthquake struck the central US on the Mississippi River. It was centered at New Madrid, Missouri. Aftershocks continued into 1812. In 1976 James Penick Jr. authored "The New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812." [see Jan 23, Feb 7, 1812]
    (HC, 6/7/98)(ON, 10/99, p.5,6)(SFC, 2/24/01, p.A10)(NH, 3/1/04, p.66)

1812        Jan 23, A 2nd major earthquake shook New Madrid, Missouri.
    (NH, 3/1/04, p.67)

1812        Feb 7, A 3rd major earthquake shook New Madrid, Missouri, and for a few hours reversed the course of the Mississippi River. [see Dec 15-16, 1811, Jan 23, 1912]
    (NH, 3/1/04, p.67)

1812        Mar 26, Earthquake destroyed 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 died.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1835        Feb 20, Concepcion, Chile, was destroyed by earthquake and some 5,000 died.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1837        Jan 22, An earthquake in southern Syria killed thousands.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1838        In  California an earthquake, estimated at magnitude 7.7 -7.9, hit two miles off the coast of San Francisco.
    (SFC, 1/27/14, p.)

1850        Sep 22, An earthquake in Sichuan, China, killed some 300,000 people.

1854        Dec 23, The 8.4 Ansei Tokai Quake struck Japan. The epicenter ranged from Suruga Bay to the deep ocean, but destroyed houses as far away as in Edo. The accompanying tsunami caused damage along the entire coast from the Boso Peninsula in modern-day Chiba prefecture to Tosa province (modern-day Kochi prefecture).

1854        Dec 24, The 8.4 Ansei Nankai Quake struck Japan. Over 10,000 people from the Tokai region down to Kyushu were killed.

1855        Nov 11, The 6.9 Ansei Edo earthquake hit near Tokyo, Japan. Some 8,000 casualties resulted with about 14,000 structures destroyed.
    (www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/g/j/gjs4/2008_Shaken%20and%20Rectified.pdf)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.39)

1857        Jan 9, The Fort Tejon, Ca., earthquake, estimated at magnitude 8, ruptured ground for 225 miles from Parkfield to Tejon Pass. It killed 2 people and destroyed the Teyon Army post.
    (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/parkfield/1857.php)(SFC, 5/21/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A4)

1862        An earthquake in Russia~ez_rsquo~s Lake Baikal region put 200 square km of lakeshore under water.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.41)

1865        Oct 8-1865 Oct 9, An earthquake hit San Francisco.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, HS)

1865        Oct 21, Another earthquake hit San Francisco. It lasted for 42 seconds and caused major damage throughout the city.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1868        Apr 3, An earthquake estimated at magnitude 7.9 hit the Big Island of Hawaii. 46 people were killed in the resulting tsunami at Keauhou and 31 died in a landslide at Kapapala.

1868        Aug 13, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Arica, Peru (later Chile), generated catastrophic tsunamis; more than 25,000 people were killed in South America.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1868        Oct 21, An major earthquake, later estimated at magnitude 7, took place on the Hayward Fault in northern California. It destroyed the top of the San Mateo County Courthouse. At this time only 265,000 people lived in the Bay Area.
    (SMMB)(SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)(SFC, 10/18/07, p.A15)

1872        Mar 26, A 7.8 earthquake shook the Owens Valley, California.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1883        Aug 29, Seismic sea waves, created by Krakatoa eruption, created a rise in the English Channel 32 hrs after explosion.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1885        Managua, Nicaragua, was leveled by an earthquake.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F4)

1886        Aug 31, South Carolina bore the brunt of the largest-ever earthquake on the East Coast, a 7.3 magnitude earth-shaker that killed at least 60 people in post-Civil War Charleston.

1887        A severe earthquake hit the Ligurian village of Perinaldo, Italy.
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.29)

1897        Jun 12, Possibly the most severe quake in history struck Assam, India. Shock waves were felt over an area size of Europe.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1900        Apr 26, Charles Richter (1985), seismologist, was born in Hamilton, Ohio. He developed the Richter Scale for measuring the amplitude of earthquakes.
    (AP, 4/26/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Richter)

1906        Jan 31, A magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia. It generated a tsunami that killed at least 500 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1906        Apr 18, 5:12 a.m. the San Francisco 8.2 earthquake occurred.  Seismologists in 1977 reduced the magnitude to 7.9. 28,000 buildings were destroyed and 498 blocks leveled. One quarter of the city burned. About 700 people died. The massive earthquake was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles and as far inland as Nevada. It caused severe damage and loss of life in the San Francisco Bay area, and a three-day fire spawned by the shaking reduced 4.7 square miles of the city to blackened ruins. Military officials estimated $400 million of damage and a total of 700-800 killed. Modern research estimates that closer to 3,000 of San Francisco's 400,000 inhabitants lost their lives. Sweeney Observatory in Goldengate Park was destroyed. Some 30,000 people were left homeless and lived in GG Park for up to a year and a half. The quake was centered in Olema. Old City Hall at Fulton and Larkin was destroyed. In 2001 Dan Kurzman authored ~ez_ldquo~Disaster: The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-106)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A5,7)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W31)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A13) (HNPD, 4/18/99)(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.3)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)
1906        Apr 18, San Francisco firefighters, with the assistance of the US Navy, managed to drag a single fire hose from a pumper in the bay, over the shoulder of Telegraph Hill, over a mile to the Jackson Street warehouses. Navy Lt. Frederick Freeman led efforts that saved Anson Hotaling~ez_rsquo~s Whiskey warehouses at 451 and 455 Jackson street. Nearby Jones Alley was later renamed Hotaling Way.
    (http://web.mac.com/danruden/APHotaling/About_Us.html)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.N4)(SFC, 8/30/14, p.D1)

1906        Aug 16, An magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Valparaiso, Chile, left an estimated 20,000 people dead.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, Z1 p.5)(AP, 6/22/02)

1908        Dec 28, Some 70,000-100,000 people died in the Messina earthquake in Sicily. The government hired a number of steamships, including the Florida, to ship survivors to America.
    (WUD, 1994, p.899)(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)(http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/eqsmosde.html)

1909        Jan 21-22, An earthquake in Morocco's northern region, near Tetouan, killed up to 100.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1915        Jan 13, An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy, killed 29,800.
    (MC, 1/13/02)

1920        Dec 16, In China an 8.6 earthquake in the northwestern provinces of Gansu and Shanxi caused massive landslides and the deaths of 100,000- 200,000 people.
    (SFC, 1/800, p.A8)(www.ig.utexas.edu/research/projects/eq/faq/world.htm)

1923        Sep 1, The Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama were devastated by the Great Kanto earthquake that claimed 99,000-143,000 lives. The 7.9-8.3 quake off Tokyo's shoreline killed some 99,300 people.
    (AP, 9/1/97)(www.ig.utexas.edu/research/projects/eq/faq/world.htm)

1923        Thomas Jaggar, founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, warned of a tidal wave  (tsunami) approaching Hilo. At least one fisherman was killed.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A5)

1927        Mar 7, Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale struck Tango, Japan.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1927        May 27, An earthquake in China~ez_rsquo~s Qinghai (Xining) Province left some 200,000 dead.

1929        Jan 24, An earthquake in northern Morocco did material damage in Fez.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1930        Jul 23, Earthquake struck Ariano, Italy, and some 1,500 were killed.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1930        Nov 25, An earthquake in Shizouka, Japan, killed 187.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1931                 Apr 1,  An Earthquake devastated Managua, Nicaragua, killing 2,000.

1932        Dec 26, Some 70,000 were killed in a massive earthquake in Kansu, China.
    (HN, 12/26/98)(www.disaster-management.net/earthqu1.htm)

1933        Mar 2, Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1933        Mar 10, In Long Beach a 6.3-6.4 earthquake killed 115 people.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/21/00, p.A1)

1934        Jan 15, An 8.4 earthquake in India and Nepal killed 10,700. It damaged the Mahabuddha Temple in Patan, Nepal, one of but 3 in the world.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A17)(MC, 1/15/02)

1935        May 31, In Quetta, India (later Pakistan), a magnitude 7.5 earthquake killed some 50,000 people. The earthquake flattened Quetta, killing an estimated 26,000 people in the city alone, more than half its population.
    (AP, 12/27/03)(AP, 10/15/05)

1939        Jan 24, Some 28-30,000 were killed by magnitude 8.3 earthquake in Chillan, Chile.
    (MC, 1/24/02)(AP, 6/22/02)

1939        Dec 26-27, In Turkey a series of vicious earthquakes in Erzincan province, magnitude 7.9, took some 33,000 lives in Turkey.
    (HN, 12/27/98)(MC, 12/27/01)(SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A17)(AP, 6/22/02)

1946        Apr 1, Two large earthquakes shook the Scotch Cap Lighthouse on Unimak Island, Alaska. A resulting tsunami washed away the lighthouse. The Aleutian Islands earthquake also triggered a Pacific-wide tsunami that killed 165 people and caused over $26 million in damages. Tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths. 91 people were killed in Hilo.
    (AP, 4/1/98)(Ind, 6/8/02, 5A)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)(SFC, 4/1/09, p.D8)

1948        Oct 6, A 7.3 earthquake hit Ashgebat, Turkmenistan, and killed an estimated 110,000 people. Stalinist media at the time claimed only 35,000 deaths.

1949        The US started a rudimentary tsunami warning program at Ewa Beach, Honolulu.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.A5)

1950        Aug 15, A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1952        Jul 21, A 7.7 earthquake destroyed the Kern County town of Tehachapi near Bakersfield, Ca. and killed 14 people.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.B10)(SFC,12/9/97, p.A9)

1952        Nov 4, A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka caused damage but no reported deaths, despite setting off 30-foot (9.1-meter) waves in Hawaii.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

1954        Sep 10, A 12 second earthquake killed 1,460 in Orleansville, Algeria.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1956        Apr 19, In Spain 12 people died and about 70 were injured following earthquakes in the southern Granada region.
    (AP, 5/12/11)(www.iberianature.com/material/earthquake.htm)

1956        Jun 9, Heavy earthquake struck Afghanistan and 400 were killed.
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1957        Mar 9, An 8.1 earthquake shook the Andreanof Islands, Alaska.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1959        Mar 3, A SF Bay Area earthquake measured 5.5 on the Richter scale in Berkeley.
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, DB p.50)

1959        Aug 17, A 7.1 quake struck at Yellowstone National Park.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1959        Aug 18, A magnitude 7.3 quake near Hebgen Lake, Montana, just west of Yellowstone National Park triggered a landslide that killed 28 people.

1960        Feb 29, An 5.7 earthquake in Morocco's southwest Atlantic coast killed as many as 12,000. The town of Agadir destroyed.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1960        May 22, Chile experienced a 9.5 earthquake. A slow earthquake was detected just before the big one. It caused tsunamis in every coastal town between the 36th and 44th parallels with a death toll of some 1000 people.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)

1960        May 23, A tidal wave, due to a 9.5 earthquake off Chile, hit Hilo, Hawaii. It killed 61 people, wiped out the beaches and destroyed 537 buildings. It went on to hit Japan.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T4)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)

1962        Sep 1, Some 10,000 died in an earthquake in western Iran.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1963        Jul 26, Skopje, Yugoslavia, was destroyed by earthquake and over 1,000 were killed.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1964        Mar 27-1964 Mar 28, Good Friday, Valdez, Alaska, in Prince William Sound was rocked by an 8.6 earthquake, the largest ever recorded in North America. In 1977 seismologists pegged the quake at 9.2. It lasted 4 minutes and was followed by tsunamis and fires and 131 people were killed. Survivors moved 4 miles west to solid bedrock and rebuilt the town. Much of Crescent City, Ca., was demolished by a resulting tsunami and 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T5)(SFEC, 4/5/98, Z1 p.8)(SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/26/99, p.C21)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)(AP, 3/11/11)

1965        Apr 29, Seattle experienced an earthquake. 7 people were killed and damage was estimated at $12.5 million.

1965        An earthquake on Alonissos, Greece, leveled Alonissos Town.
    (SSFC, 3/14/04, p.D6)

1966        Aug 19, An earthquake struck Varko, Turkey, and some 2,400 were killed.
    (MC, 8/19/02)

1968        Aug 31, In northeast Iran some 7-12 thousand people died in the 7.8 Dasht-e Bayaz earthquake, which also destroyed 60,000 buildings.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(www.bssaonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/59/5/1751)

1969        Feb 28, An earthquake in Morocco's Atlantic coast killed about a dozen people and injured 200.
    (AP, 2/25/04)

1970        Jan 5, In China a 7.7 earthquake in Yunnan province killed over 15,000 people and was covered up by authorities amid the chaos of the cultural revolution.
    (SFC, 1/800, p.A8)

1970        Mar 28, 1,086 died when 7.4 quake destroyed 254 villages in Gediz, Turkey.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1970        May 31, A 7.7 slab earthquake and debris flow in Peru killed 67,000, injured 50,000 and destroyed 186,000 buildings.
    (AP, 5/31/97)(http://landslides.usgs.gov/html_files/landslides/slides/slide5.htm)

1971        Feb 9, In San Fernando, Ca., a 6.5 earthquake killed 65 people.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.A3)

1971        May 12, A 6.3 earthquakes in western Turkey killed about 100 people.

1971        May 22, A 6.9 earthquake in eastern Turkey killed about a thousand people.

1972        Apr 10, A 6.9 earthquake in the Iranian province of Fars killed over 5,000 people.

1972        Dec 23, A 6.25 earthquake struck Managua, Nicaragua, and over 12,000 were killed.  Pres. Somoza was later believed to have pocketed millions of dollars in fore