Timeline of Airline Stuff

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Boeing History: http://www.boeing.com/history
3500BC    King Etena of Babylonia was pictured on a coin, flying on an eagle’s back.
    (NPub, 2002, p.2)

1000BC    The Chinese invented kites about this time that could carry scouts on reconnaissance missions.
    (NPub, 2002, p.2)

1162        A man in Constantinople fashioned sail-like wings from fabric into pleats and folds. He plummeted from the top of a tower and died.
    (NPub, 2002, p.2)

1505        Leonardo da Vinci’s “Codex on the Flight of Birds" dated to about this time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codex_on_the_Flight_of_Birds)

1740        Aug 26, Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, French inventor, born. He and his brother Jacques-Etienne invented the hot air balloon in 1783.
    (RTH, 8/26/99)

1753        Jul 4, Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard (d.1809), 1st balloon flights in England and US, was born.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/AVblanchard.htm)

1783        Jun 4, The Montgolfier brothers launched their 1st hot-air balloon (unmanned) in a 10-minute flight over Annonay, France.
    (http://inventors.about.com/od/astartinventions/ss/airship_2.htm)

1783        Aug 27, The 1st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned), made by Professor Jacques Charles, successfully completed its inaugural flight in Paris.
    (www.twinring.jp/english/balloon/what_balloon/)

1783        Sep 19, Jacques Etienne Montgolfier launched a duck, a sheep and a rooster aboard a hot-air balloon at Versailles, France.
    (AP, 9/19/06)

1783        Oct 15, Francois Pilatre de Rozier (Jean Piletre de Rozier) made the first manned flight in a hot air balloon. The first flight was let out to 82 feet, but over the next few days the altitude increased up to 6,500 feet.
    (HN, 10/15/98)(MC, 10/15/01)

1783        Nov 21, Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier (1754-1785) and the Marquis d’Arlandes made the first free-flight ascent in a balloon, to over 500 feet, in Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Romain)(NPub, 2002, p.2)

1784        Apr 15, The first balloon flight occurred in Ireland. [see Jun 5, 1783 in France]
    (HN, 4/15/98)

1784        Jun 4, Elizabeth Thible became the first woman to fly aboard a Montgolfier hot-air balloon, over Lyon, France.
    (AP, 6/4/07)

1784        Jun 24, In a tethered flight from Baltimore, Maryland, Edward Warren (13) became the 1st to fly in a balloon on US soil.
    (NPub, 2002, p.3)

1784        Nov 29, American Dr. John Jeffries paid Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard £100 pounds for a balloon flight in England during which he made some atmospheric measurements.
    (ON, 10/03, p.6)

1785        Jan 7, The first balloon flight across the English Channel was made. Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and the American Dr. John Jeffries crossed the English Channel for the first time in a hydrogen balloon.
    (HN, 5/15/98)(HN, 1/7/99)

1785        Jun 15, Two French balloonists died in the world's 1st fatal aviation accident.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1785        Major John Money (1752–1817) took off in a balloon from Norwich, in an attempt to raise money for the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital. He passed over Lowestoft at 6pm and came down about 18 miles (29 km) into the North Sea and was saved by a revenue cutter about five hours later.
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_ballooning)
1785        Lt. Col. John Money set up a British balloon observation corps, but it did not gain much support.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oe953qf)

1793        Jan 9, The first US manned balloon flight occurred as Frenchman Jean Pierre Blanchard, using a hot-air balloon, flew between Philadelphia and Woodbury, N.J. He stayed airborne for 46 minutes, traveled close to 15 miles and set down at the "old Clement farm" in Deptford, New Jersey. [see Jun 23, 1784, Mar 9, 1793]
    (WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)(AP, 1/9/99)(ON, 6/09, p.2)

1794        Jun 26, The French defeated an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus. The French used a tethered balloon to observe the battlefield and direct artillery fire.
    (www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_fleurus_1794.html)(NPub, 2002, p.4)

1797        Oct 22, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet; at some 2,200 feet over Paris.
    (AP, 10/22/97)(HN, 10/22/98)

1804        Sir George Cayley, England’s “father of aeronautics," built and flew the world’s first successful model glider.
    (NPub, 2002, p.4)

1819        Aug 2, The first parachute jump from a balloon was made by Charles Guille in New York City.
    (HN, 8/2/01)

1838        Jul 8, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin (d.1917), German designer and manufacturer of airships, was born.
    (HN, 7/8/98)(WUD, 1994, p.1660)

1852        Sep 24, Henri Giffard, a French engineer, flew over Paris in the 1st dirigible flight.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/AVgifford.htm)

1861        Apr 20, Thaddeus Lowe landed in South Carolina only to be surrounded by a group of incredulous Carolinians who believed he was a spy. Lowe managed to persuade the crowd that his 500-mile trip from Cincinnati, Ohio, was merely an innocent aerial journey to test his strange craft. He later tried to convince the Union to use his skill as a balloonist.
    (HNQ, 4/5/01)(ON, 2/05, p.7)

1861        Jun 10, Thaddeus Lowe demonstrated his balloon, the Enterprise, along with its telegraphy capabilities for Pres. Lincoln at the White House lawn.
    (ON, 2/05, p.8)

1862        Jul 17, James Glaisher (52), British meteorologist, rose to some 22,000 over Wolverhampton with balloonist Henry Tracy Coxwell in an attempt to set an altitude record. They reached 24,000 feet in a 2nd attempt on Aug 18. On Sep 5 Glaisher passed out as they reached 29,000 feet. At a record 7 miles Coxwell managed to begin their descent.
    (ON, 4/03, p.11)

1867        Apr 16, Wilbur Wright (d.1912), aeronautical inventor, was born in Dayton, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers)

1868        Matthew Boulton obtained a British patent on a design for ailerons as control surfaces.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)

1869        Jul 4, Frederick Marriott flew his unmanned Aviator Hermes Jr. over a field near Millbrae and Burlingame. The machine was a gasbag filled with hydrogen, and a steam engine turning rotors with attached delta wings guided by men on the ground with ropes.
    (SFC, 6/5/98, p.A23)(SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1871        Aug 19, Orville Wright (d.1948), aviation pioneer, was born in Dayton, Oh. His birthday is celebrated as National Aviation Day.
    (HN, 8/19/00)(WUD, 1994, p.1647)(MC, 8/19/02)

1873        Alberto Santos-Dumont (d.1932), aviation pioneer, was born.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.M1)

1878        May 1, James Graham was born. He was the inventor of the first naval aircraft-carrying ship and the first man to film a total eclipse of the Sun.
    (HN, 5/1/99)

1878        May 21, Glenn Hammond Curtiss, aviation pioneer and contemporary of the Wright brothers, was born in Hammondsport, N.Y. He also originally made bicycles and invented the hydroplane. Curtiss` entrance into flying began in 1904 when Thomas Scott Baldwin, famous lighter-than-air devotee, asked Curtiss to make him a two-cylinder, air-cooled engine to power his airship. The first plane Curtiss had anything to do with was Red Wing, which Casey Baldwin lofted from the ice at Keuka Lake on March 12, 1908.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(HNQ, 5/28/01)

1878        Jul 3, John Wise flew the first dirigible in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
    (HN, 7/3/98)

1878        Bishop Wright gave his sons, Orville and Wilbur, a toy helicopter.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)

1883        Aug 28, John Montgomery (b.1858) made the first manned, controlled flight in the US in his "Gull" glider, whose design was inspired by watching birds. The craft weight 38 pounds and flew to 15 feet for at least 300 feet at Otay Mesa near San Diego, Ca. In 1911 Montgomery died in a glider crash.
    (SFC, 6/5/98, p.A23)(SFCM, 2/6/05, p.3)(GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1884        Horatio Phillips of England designed a wing with a curved airfoil shape.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)

1890        Apr 6, Anthony Herman Gerard Fokker, aircraft pioneer, was born in Holland.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1892        Apr 6, Donald Wills Douglas, US aircraft pioneer (McConnell Douglas), was born.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1896        May 6, Samuel P. Langley (1834-1906), American physicist and aviation pioneer, launched the first reasonably large, steam-powered model aircraft.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Pierpont_Langley)

1897        Jun 14, Dr. Karl Wolfert and his mechanic were killed in Germany when their dirigible, powered by a Daimler car engine, crashed on its 4th flight.
    (ON, 3/03, p.10)

1897        Jul 14, Swede Saloman Andrée (b.1854)) and 2 accomplices, Knute Fraenkle and Nils Strindberg, in the Ornen balloon were forced down after 64 hours in the first expedition to fly by balloon from Spitsbergen across the North Pole. Their attempt to return ended on White Island. Their fate was only discovered Aug 5-6, 1930, by Norwegian whalers.
    (HNQ, 5/22/01)(ON, 11/01, p.11)(Econ, 5/11/13, p.89)

1897        Jul 24, Amelia Earhart was born in Kansas. She was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic and disappeared in the South Pacific while trying to fly around the world. Her sister Muriel (d.1998 at 98) wrote a biography of Amelia titled: "Courage Is the Price."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart)(SFC, 3/6/98, p.E2)(HN, 7/24/02)

1897        Sep 18, Alberto Santos-Dumont crashed his 1st motorized dirigible into trees at the Zoological Gardens in Paris.
    (ON, 3/03, p.10)

1897        Sep 20, Alberto Santos-Dumont successfully flew his repaired motorized dirigible around the Zoological Gardens in Paris.
    (ON, 3/03, p.10)

1897        Nov 3, David Schwarz of Austria crashed his 156-foot aluminum powered airship with 2 propellers on its maiden flight.
    (ON, 3/03, p.11)

1899        May 30, Wilbur Wright (1867-1912), Ohio bicycle mechanic, wrote the Smithsonian Institution and affirmed his belief that human flight was possible.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_Brothers)

1900        Jul 2, Count Ferdinand Adolf Heinrich August von Zeppelin (1838-1917) made the 1st successful flight of his lighter-than-air ship LZ-1 in Friedrichshafen, Germany. The 400 foot craft stayed aloft 17 minutes before it crashed.
    (AHM, 1/97)(WSJ, 2/120/00, p.A1)(ON, 3/03, p.11)

1900        Oct, The Wright Brothers began active flying experiments at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Their first glider was a biplane that soared for 300 feet.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D3)(NPub, 2002, p.5)

1901        Jul 13, Santos-Dumont flew his powered dirigible around the Eiffel Tower but failed to make it in an allotted half hour time frame to win a 100,000 franc prize.
    (ON, 3/03, p.11)

1901        Aug 8, Santos-Dumont flew his powered dirigible around the Eiffel Tower a 2nd time but sprang a leak and caught suspension wires in his propeller blades.
    (ON, 3/03, p.11)

1901        Oct 19, Alberto Santos-Dumont successfully circled Eiffel Tower in his Santos-Dumont No. 6 dirigible within a half hour and won a 100,000 franc prize. An initial ruling said that he failed by 40 seconds because the race wasn’t finished until he touched ground. A 2nd vote granted him the win. This proved the airship maneuverable.
    (ON, 3/03, p.12)

1901        Gustave Whitehead, a German-born aviator and resident of Bridgeport, Conn., reportedly made the first powered airplane flight, two years before the Wright brothers. In 2013 Connecticut went on record acknowledging Whitehead’s flight. Ohio and North Carolina both disputed the Connecticut claim.
    (SFC, 10/25/13, p.A8)
1901        The Wright Brothers constructed new wings for a large glider using existing aerodynamics tables. The flight was marginal so they tested the tables by analyzing model wings in a wind tunnel. The tables proved to be wrong and they painstakingly computer new ones.
    (NPub, 2002, p.6)

1902        In Pittsburg, Texas, Rev. Burrell Cannon (d.1922), itinerant Baptist minister and inventor, built his Ezekial Airship and reportedly flew it for a short distance at a 12 foot altitude. The craft was destroyed on a rail car while enroute to the St. Louis World Fair.
    (WSJ, 11/20/02, p.A1)

1902        The Wright Brothers built a glider based on their new aerodynamics tables. Efficiency was almost doubled and they made over 1,000 flights at Kill Devil Hills near Kitty Hawk, NC.
    (NPub, 2002, p.6)

1903        Mar 23, The Wright brothers obtained an airplane patent.
    (HN, 3/23/98)

1903        Mar 31, New Zealand aviator Richard Pearse flew a self-made, bamboo-framed, mono-winged airplane in Waitohi.
    (NW, 3/17/03, p.20)

1903        Oct 18, In San Francisco Dr. August Greth flew his 80-foot-long American Eagle airship over the city. Its engine stalled and the wind carried it over the bay where it plummeted into the water. He and his assistant were recovered by soldiers from Fort Point.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1903        Dec 8, Samuel P. Langley’s man-carrying Great Aerodrome collapsed right after takeoff from a houseboat on the Potomac River.
    (www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/findaids/langley/langley_sec_6.html)

1903        Dec 17, The Wright brothers' Flyer I flew for 12 seconds in the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The brothers were the sons of a Dayton, Ohio, bishop (Church of the United Brethren). Orville Wright made the first powered, controlled and sustained flight. Orville, lying prone at the plane's controls, flew a distance of 120 feet in 12 seconds. Wilbur ran beside Flyer's wing tip until it was airborne to keep the wing from dragging in the sand. Four sustained flights were made on this day. The 4th flight lasted fifty-nine seconds. The momentous events of that day received little press attention, since the reticent Wright brothers feared their ideas would be stolen by rival aviators. It was not until 1908, after making many refinements to their flying machine, that the Wrights embarked on a series of public demonstrations that finally earned them worldwide acclaim. A one-hour PBS documentary covered their life as part of "The American Experience."
    (WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-12)(AP, 12/17/97)(HNPD, 12/17/98)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D3)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D3)(SFEC, 9/26/99, p.B8)

1904        Sep 15, Wilbur Wright made his 1st controlled half-circle while in flight with Flyer II. On Sep 20 he flew a full circle for the first time.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pkwd37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_Flyer_II)

1904        Glenn Curtiss, a motorcycle builder in Hammondsport, NY, began making gasoline-burning aircraft engines for dirigibles that San Francisco daredevil Thomas Scott Baldwin was building in California. Baldwin flew a 54-foot dirigible equipped with a motorcycle engine and is credited with for building the first successful American dirigible.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)(SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1905        Apr 12, French Dufaux brothers tested a helicopter.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1905        Apr 29, The Santa Clara, a heavier than air plane designed by Prof. John J. Montgomery, was flown by circus performer Daniel John Maloney. The glider was lifted by balloon to 4,000 feet and then cut loose over Santa Clara, Ca.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1905        The Wright Brother’s Flyer III became the world’s first practical airplane, but attracted little attention.
    (NPub, 2002, p.7)

1906        Mar 3, Vuia I aircraft, built by Romanian Traja Vuia, was tested in France.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1906        May 22, Orville and Wilbur Wright were awarded U.S. Patent 821,393 for "new and useful improvement in Flying Machines." They had hired a patent attorney to refine their 1903 application. The first successful powered flight of the Wright Flyer took place on December 17, 1903.
    (HNQ, 3/19/01)

1907        Jun 1, Frank A. Whittle, England inventor (jet engine), was born. (MC, 6/1/02)

1907        Jul 1, World's 1st air force established as part of the US Army.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1907        Jul 29, The 1st helicopter ascent in Douai, France.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1907        Aug 1, The US Air Force had its beginnings as the US Army Signal Corps established an aeronautical division in charge of "all matters pertaining to military ballooning, air machines and all kindred subjects."
    (AP, 8/1/07)

1907        Nov 13, The 1st helicopter was piloted by French engineer Paul Cornu (1881-1944). The copter hovered a foot off the ground for 20 seconds. [see Apr 12, 1905]
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Cornu)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1907        Glenn Curtiss, of New York, joined with Alexander Graham Bell, F.W. Baldwin, Thomas Selfridge, and John McCurdy, working in Nova Scotia, to found the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) to developing a practical flying machine.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)

1908        Mar 12, The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) launched their new airplane, called Red Wing, from a frozen lake near Hammondsport, NY. Pilot F.W. Baldwin rose 20 feet and flew 319 feet before crashing. Newspapers hailed the test as the “first public flight" in the US.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)

1908        Mar 21, Frenchman Henri Farman carried a passenger in a bi-plane for the first time.
    (HN, 3/21/98)

1908        May 14, 1st passenger flight in an airplane.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1908        May 21, The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) launched their 2nd airplane, called White Wing, equipped with aelerons, a mechanism proposed by Alexander Graham Bell, to steer the craft.  Pilot Glenn Curtiss flew over 1000 feet and landed safely.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)

1908        May 22, The Wright brothers registered their flying machine for a U.S. patent.
    (HN, 5/22/98)

1908        May 23, In the SF Bay Area John Morrell and his crew boarded their 485-foot airship in a field near Berkeley High School. The ship’s gas bag burst at 300-feet and the 20 men aboard plunged to the ground. 9 were seriosuly injured but no one died.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1908        Jul 4, Glenn Curtiss flew a new airplane, called the June Bug, at a competition sponsored by Scientific American, for the first heavier than air machine to fly one kilometer. The Aero Club sent 22 members to Hammondsport, NY, to view the event. Curtiss easily covered the distance, angering the Wright Brothers, who felt that their patent was being infringed.
    (ON, 12/11, p.11)

1908        Sep 3, Orville Wright began two weeks of flight trials that impressed onlookers with his complete control of his new Type A Military Flyer. In addition to setting an altitude record of 310 feet and an endurance record of more than one hour, he had carried aloft the first military observer, Lieutenant Frank Lahm.
    (HNPD, 9/16/98)

1908        Sep 9, Orville Wright made the 1st 1-hr airplane flight at Fort Myer, Va.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1908        Sep 17, Orville Wright’s passenger on a test flight was Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge. They were circling the landing field at Fort Myer, Va., when a crack developed in the blade of the aircraft’s propeller. Wright lost control of the Flyer and the biplane plunged to the ground. Selfridge became powered flight’s first fatality, and Wright was seriously injured in the crash. But despite the tragic mishap, the War Department awarded the contract for the first military aircraft to Wright.
    (HNPD, 9/16/98)

1908        Dec, The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) took out patents on ailerons and in March 1809 the group disbanded.
    (ON, 12/11, p.11)

1909        Jan 9, The Silver Dart made the 1st manned flight in Canada. It was funded by the Aerial Experiment Association, founded by Alexander and Mabel Bell.
    (ON, 1/03, p.5)

1909        Jan 17, Wilbur and Orville Wright opened the world’s first flying school at Pau, France, and refused to accept women as students.
    (ON, 4/10, p.11)

1909        Jul 17, Glenn Curtiss entered and won the Scientific American trophy for a 2nd year by flying a total of 25 km. in 12 circuits on Long Island. His Golden Flier was sponsored by the Aeronautic Society of New York.
    (ON, 12/11, p.11)

1909        Jul 25, French aviator Louis Bleriot (1872-1936) made the first crossing of the English Channel from Calais to the grounds of Dover Castle in a powered aircraft, winning a £1,000 prize offered by the London Daily Mail. Piloting his Type XI monoplane at an average of 39 miles per hour, Blériot made the trip of 23.2 miles in just under 36 minutes.
    (AP, 7/25/97)(HNPD, 7/25/98)(ON, 6/07, p.9)

1909        Jul 27, Orville Wright tested the U.S. Army's first airplane, flying himself and a passenger for 1 hour, 12 minutes and 40 seconds over Fort Myer, Virginia.
    (AP, 7/27/97)(HN, 7/27/02)(MC, 7/27/02)

1909        Aug 2, The Wright Flyer was formally accepted by the US Army in exchange for $30,000. It was designated Signal Corps Airplane No. 1, the world’s first military airplane.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Wright_Bros/Military_Flyer/WR11.htm)

1909        Aug 28, American Glenn Curtiss won the James Gordon Bennett Cup at the first major international air show held in Rheims France.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Wright_Bros/Patent_Battles/WR12.htm)

1909        Oct 2, Orville Wright set an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet. This exceeded Hubert Latham's previous record of 508 feet.
    (HN, 10/2/98)
1909        Oct 2, Raymonde de Larouche (1918), Franch actress, flew a Voisin airplane during a taxiing lesson under Gabriel Voisin at Chalons, establishing the first recorded flight by a woman.
    (ON, 4/10, p.11)

1909        Nov 22, Wright brothers formed a corporation for the commercial manufacture of airplanes. Cornelius Vanderbilt and other financiers backed them with one million dollars.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7ymq7rq)(ON, 12/11, p.11)

1909        Dec 28, The first manned, controlled, powered flight in the whole continent of Africa and the entire southern hemisphere was successfully carried out by the Frenchman Albert Kimmerling (d.6/12/1912) at East London, South Africa using a Voisin bi-plane.
    (http://tinyurl.com/o7cropv)

1909        The Wright brothers sold a Military Flyer to the Signal Corps for $30,000.
    (WSJ, 5/20/03, p.D5)

1910        Jan 24, Louis Paulhan, French aviator, made an aerial display at the Tanforan Race Track in San Bruno, Ca., before a crowd of 75,000. He flew his biplane 1,300 (700) feet high at 70 mph. Earlier he took William Randolph Hearst for a ride.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)(Ind, 8/17/02, 5A)(SSFC, 1/24/10, DB p.42)

1910        Mar 28, The first seaplane took off from water at Martinques, France.
    (HN, 3/28/98)

1910        Apr 28, The first night air flight was performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1910        May 10, The 1st aircraft air display was held at Hendon, England.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1910        Jun 2, Charles Stewart Rolls, one of the founders of Rolls-Royce, becomes the first man to fly an airplane nonstop across the English Channel both ways. Tragically, he became Britain's first aircraft fatality the following month when his biplane broke up in midair.
    (HN, 6/2/00)

1910        Aug 20, The 1st shot fired from an airplane was during a test flight over Brooklyn's Sheepshead Bay.
    (WSJ, 5/20/03, p.D5)

1910        Sep 27, 1st test flight of a twin-engine airplane was made in France.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1910        Oct 11, The San Francisco Rotary Club offered a $10,000 prize to the aviator who first flies from SF to New York.
    (SSFC, 10/10/10, DB p.50)

1910        Oct 23, Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a solo, public airplane flight, reaching an altitude of 12 feet at a park in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
    (AP, 10/23/00)

1910        Nov 14, Lieutenant Eugene Ely, U.S. Navy, was the first to take off in an airplane from the deck of a ship. He flew from the Birmingham at Hampton Roads to Norfolk. It was a Curtiss plane flown by Eugene Ely, a company exhibition pilot, that made the first successful takeoff from a Navy ship.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1910        Dec 31, John B. Moisant and Arch Hoxsey, two of America's foremost aviators died in separate plane crashes. Moisant died in a plane crash in New Orleans.
    (HN, 12/31/98)(HN, 7/31/01)

1911        Jan 7, Aviator James Radley, operating a French Bleriot airplane, performed over South San Francisco, skimmed the the West Virginia, the flagship of Rear-Admiral Barry, and checked the time of San Francisco Ferry Tower clock on both sides.
    (SSFC, 1/2/11, DB p.42)

1911        Jan 15, An explosive bomb was dropped from an airplane during an aviation meet in South San Francisco. The plane was about 400 feet high and the bomb dropped within 10 feet of its target.
    (SSFC, 1/16/11, DB p.42)

1911        Jan 18, Naval aviation was born when pilot Eugene B. Ely flew a Curtis Pusher biplane onto the deck of the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco Bay.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.a15)(SFC, 5/7/97, p.A15)(AP, 1/18/98)(SFC, 6/5/98, p.A19)

1911        Jan 26, Glenn Curtiss piloted the 1st successful hydroplane in San Diego.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1911        Jan, A pair of U.S. Army aviators dropped the first live bomb. The Mexican Revolution gave the opportunity to use the airplane in actual combat. Airplanes had already begun to replace balloons for battlefield observation.
    (HNQ, 7/16/00)

1911        Feb 17, The 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship was made by Glenn Curtiss in San Diego.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1911        Apr 12, Pierre Prier completed the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and 56 minutes.
    (HN, 4/12/99)

1911        May 16, Zeppelin "Deutschland" was wrecked at Dusseldorf.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1911        Jul, Glenn Curtiss sold a seaplane with retractable wheels to the US Navy.
    (ON, 12/11, p.12)

1911        Aug 3, Airplanes were used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoitered Turkish lines near Tripoli.
    (HN, 8/3/98)

1911        Aug 31, Anthony Fokker's demonstrated the aircraft "Snip."
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1911        Sep 1, M. Fourny set a world aircraft distance record of 720 km (447 mls).
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1911        Sep 9, An airmail route opened between London and Windsor.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1911        Aug, Calbraith Perry Rodgers stayed aloft longer than any other contestant at the Chicago International Aviation Meet. Rodgers had recently purchased a new Wright airplane, the 1st ever sold to a private citizen.
    (ON, 10/06, p.10)

1911        Sep 17, Cigar-smoking Calbraith Perry Rodgers (1879-1912) set off from Sheepshead Bay, New York, on the first flight across America. Rodgers, sponsored by the Vin Fiz grape drink company, flew the fragile Wright B biplane in pursuit of a $50,000 prize offered to the first person to make a transcontinental flight in 30 days or less. Rodgers failed to win the prize because his 4,321-mile flight took 84 days—of which only 3 days, 10 hours and 4 minutes was actual flying time! His average speed was 51.56 miles per hour. By the time he landed at Long Beach, California, on November 5, Rodgers had made 70 crash landings, suffered numerous minor injuries and had rebuilt his Vin Fiz so completely that only one strut and the rudder were its original equipment.
    (HNPD, 9/18/98)(ON, 10/06, p.12)

1911        Sep 29, Walter Brookins set an American record by flying 192 miles from Chicago to Springfield, Ill., making two stops.
    (NPub, 2002, p.8)

1911        Oct 31, Prof. John J. Montgomery (b.1858) died when his glider crashed on his 56th flight at the Evergreen College campus south of San Jose.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1911        Nov 1, Italian planes performed the first aerial bombing on Tanguira oasis in Libya. Lt. Giulio Cavotti dropped a hand grenade on an oasis outside of Tripoli. In 2001 Sven Lindqvist authored "A History of Bombing."
    (HN, 11/1/98)(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.3)

1911        Nov 5, Italy attacked Turkish North-Africa (Libya), and took Tripoli and Cyrenaica.  First use of a plane dropping bombs. [see Nov 1]
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1911        Dec 10, Cal Rodgers (1879-1912) completed the first US transcontinental flight in the Wright EX Vin Fiz.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calbraith_Perry_Rodgers)(NPub, 2002, p.8)

1911        Dec 19, Onetime race-car driver Weldon Cooke piloted the homemade Black Diamond airplane over Mount Tamalpais on a flight from Oakland, Ca., to Marin County.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A1)

1911        The first US experimental airmail flight took place on Long Island, a 3-mile journey between Garden City Estates and Mineola.
    (SFC, 9/12/08, p.B5)
1911        The US Navy acquired its first airplane, the A-1 Triad.
    (HT, 4/97, p.60)

1912        Jan 10, The World's first flying-boat airplane, designed by Glenn Curtiss (1878-1930), made its maiden flight at San Diego, Ca. The Curtiss Model D featured an electric starter. Curtiss had become the first licensed pilot in 1911.
    (www.aerofiles.com/chrono.html)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.B4)

1912        Mar 5, The Italians became the first to use dirigibles for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli.
    (HN, 3/5/98)

1912        Mar 7, French aviator, Heri Seimet flew non-stop from London to Paris in three hours.
    (HN, 3/7/98)

1912        Mar 12, Capt. Albert Berry performed the 1st parachute jump from an airplane.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1912        Apr 3, Calbraith Perry Rodgers (b.1879), American pioneer aviator, crashed and was killed while flying over the ocean near Long Beach, Ca.
    (ON, 10/06, p.12)

1912        Apr 10, The first wireless transmission was received on an airplane.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1912        Apr 16, Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
    (AP, 4/16/97)

1912        May 13, In San Francisco aviator Roy Francis and artist Phil Rader made a 36 minute flight over the city.
    (SSFC, 5/13/12, p.42)
1912        May 13,  The Royal Flying Corps was established in England. It was the predecessor of the Royal Air Force.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)(HN, 5/13/99)

1912        May 30, Wilbur Wright (b.1867), aeronautical inventor, died of a typhoid infection.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1647)(ON, SC, p.4)

1912        Jun 7, US army tested the 1st machine gun mounted on a plane.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1912        Jul 1, Drama critic Harriet Quimby (28) took a passenger up in her new Blériot monoplane from Boston to fly over Dorchester Bay at the Harvard-Boston Aviation Meet. As she descended for landing, the plane went into a dive and, without seat belts, she and her passenger were thrown out into the shallow water of the bay, where they struck the muddy bottom and were crushed to death. Quimby was the first licensed woman pilot in the United States. Her interest in flight was piqued at an aviation meet in 1910. Quimby promoted aviation for women and once wrote, "In my opinion, there is no reason why the aeroplane should not open up a fruitful occupation for women."
    (HNPD, 7/31/98)(ON, 1/00, p.11)

1912        Jul 16, A Naval torpedo, launched from an airplane, was patented by B.A. Fiske.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1912        Aug 25,  An aircraft recovered from a spin for the 1st time.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1912        Sep 7, French aviator Roland Garros set an altitude record of 13,200 feet.
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1912        Sep 10, In France J. Vedrines became the first pilot to break 100 m.p.h. barrier.
    (HN, 9/10/98)

1912        The Australian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-1914 began using an airplane to tow gear onto the ice in preparation for their sledging journeys. The plane, the first from France's Vickers factory, had not been seen since the mid-1970s, when researchers photographed the steel fuselage nearly encompassed in ice. Australian researchers stumbled on remains of the plane on Jan 1, 2010.
    (AP, 1/2/10)

1913        Jan 16, Prof. Thaddeus Lowe (80), balloonist pioneer, died.
    (www.militarymuseum.org/Lowe.html)

1913        Feb 29, A US judge upheld a Wright Brothers’ airplane patent regarding the use of ailerons in a suit against Glenn Curtiss. In 1914 a Court of Appeals affirmed the decision. Henry Ford offered assistance to Curtiss and Ford lawyer W. Benton Crisp put Curtiss back in production by employing non-simultaneous use of ailerons.
    (ON, 12/11, p.12)
1913        May 13,  The first 4 engine aircraft was built & flown by Igor Sikorsky of Russia.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)(HN, 5/13/98)

1913        Aug 20, 700 feet above Buc, France, parachutist Adolphe Pegoud becomes the first person to jump from an airplane and land safely.
    (HN, 8/20/00)(MC, 8/20/02)

1913        Franz Schneider patented a gun synchronizing device in Germany, France and Great Britain. In 1915 it was developed as the "Fokker Scourge" to fire bullets through an airplanes propellers.
    (ON, 10/02, p.8)

1913-1931    The famous Schneider Trophy contests between over this period were meant to prove the practicality of floatplanes and seaplanes, but the emphasis on speed produced a horsepower race that led to military applications, among them the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine that powered the WWII aircraft: Supermarine Spitfire. The Supermarine Spitfire was one of the beneficiaries of an engine that the Rolls-Royce Company built to power Britain’s race contender, the S.6B seaplane racer designed by Reginald Mitchell. Rolls continued development of the engine after the races ended and it was installed in a sleek landplane fighter also designed by Mitchell, and christened against his personal preference as the Spitfire. The Merlin would go on to power many other aircraft.
    (HN, 9/30/02)

1914        Jan 4, In San Francisco pilot Lincoln Beachey looped the loop a record seven times in his biplane in an aerial show before a crowd of some 25,000 people. Motion pictures were taken from tethered balloon.
    (SSFC, 1/5/14, p.42)

1914        Jan, The St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line became the world’s first regularly scheduled airline service.
    (NPub, 2002, p.9)

1914        Jun 2, Glenn Curtiss flew his Langley Aerodrome.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1914        Jun 6, The 1st air flight out of sight of land was made from Scotland to Norway.
    (MC, 6/6/02)

1914        Jul 18, US army air service 1st came into being as part of the Signal Corps.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1914        Aug, Alberto Santos-Dumont (1873-1932), Brazilian aviation pioneer, burned his aeronautical papers after French neighbors labeled him a German spy.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.M1)

1914        Nov 8, In San Francisco Lincoln Beachey thrilled some 100,000 people with aerial flights from exposition grounds and the wrecking of an artificial warship with bombs dropped from 2,000 to 4,000 feet.
    (SSFC, 11/9/14, p.42)

1914        Two-way radio contact was accomplished between pilot and ground control.
    (NPub, 2002, p.9)

1915        Mar 3, The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), a NASA forerunner, was created. It was the first US government sponsored organization in support of aviation research and development.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(NPub, 2002, p.9)

1915        Mar 14, Lincoln Beachey, air devil, plunged into the shallows of SF Bay and was killed as some 50,000 fans watched his performance during the Panama-Pacific Expo. The battleship USS Oregon recovered the plane and body.
    (Ind, 9/5/98, p.5A)

1915        Apr 1, Roland Garros (d.1918), French aviator, shot down 2 German aviators over Belgium, with bullets shot through his propellers. Corp. August Spachholz and Lt. Walter Grosskopf became the 1st to be killed by an enemy pilot flying alone.
    (ON, 10/02, p.8)

1915        May 10, A Zeppelin dropped hundreds of bombs on Southend-on-Sea.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1915        Orville Wright (1871-1948) sold his interest in the Wright Company and retired.
    (NPub, 2002, p.9)

1916        Sep 2, Two airborne planes communicated directly by radio for the 1st time.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1916        The Univ. of Michigan established the nation’s 1st Dept. of Aeronautical Engineering under Prof. Felix Pawlowski.
    (MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1917        Mar 8, Ferdinand von Zeppelin (78), Dutch count, air pioneer, died.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1917        The Manufacturers Aircraft Association was formed under the efforts of Ford lawyer W. Benton Crisp. Royalties of 1% were paid to the Curtiss and Wright companies up to 2 million dollars each. The organization, later named the Manufacturers' Aircraft Association (MAA), continued to unify the air industry and engage in public education endeavors. The MAA was later dissolved, and in 1919, the newly formed Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce (ACCA) stepped in to promote civil aviation.
    (ON, 12/11, p.12)(www.aia-aerospace.org/about_aia/aia_at_a_glance/history/)

1918        Apr 1, In England the Royal Flying Corps was replaced by the Royal Air Force.
    (AP, 4/1/98)(HN, 4/1/98)(OTD)

1918        Apr 8, The US First Aero Squadron was assigned to the Western Front for the first time on observation duty.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1918        May 13, The first US airmail stamps, featuring a picture of an airplane, were introduced. On some of the initial stamps the airplane was printed upside down; the "inverted Jenny," as it came to be called, became a collector's item. One sheet of 100 stamps got by inspectors.
    (SSFC, 11/12/06, p.A2)(AP, 5/13/08)

1918        May 15, The U.S. Post Office and the U.S. Army began regularly scheduled airmail service between Washington and New York through Philadelphia. Lieutenant George L. Boyle, an inexperienced young army pilot, was chosen to make the first flight from Washington. Even with a route map stitched to his breeches, Boyle lost his way and flew south rather than north. The second leg of the Washington--Philadelphia--New York flight, however, took off and arrived in New York on schedule--without the Washington mail. The distance of the route was 218 miles, and one round trip per day was made six days a week. Army Air Service pilots flew the route until August 10, 1918, when the Post Office Department took over the entire operation with its own planes and pilots.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HNPD, 6/15/99)(HNQ, 4/24/01)

1919        Mar 22, The first international airline service was inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels.
    (AP, 3/22/99)

1919        Apr 28, The first jump with an Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute was made by Les Irvin.
    (HN, 4/28/98)(MC, 4/28/02)

1919        May 2, The first U.S. air passenger service started.
    (HN, 5/2/98)

1919        May 8, The first transatlantic flight took-off by a US Navy seaplane.
    (HN, 5/8/98)

1919        May 13, Atlantic City, NJ, became the site of the 1st municipal airport in the US.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1919        May 27, U.S. Navy Curtiss flying boat NC-4, piloted by Lt. Cmdr. Albert C. Read, arrived safely in Lisbon, Portugal, to become the first aircraft to complete a transatlantic flight. Three aircraft, designated NC-1, NC-3 and NC-4--called "Nancy" boats--had taken off from New York's Rockaway Naval Air Station for Lisbon on May 8, with intermediate stops planned for Newfoundland and the Azores. Only NC-4 completed the 3,925-mile transatlantic flight. Heavy rain and fog forced NC-1 down at sea, where it sank on May 17. NC-3, as depicted in this painting by Ron Weil, came down in rough seas and taxied 200 miles into the harbor at Horta in the Azores.
    (HNPD, 5/27/99)

1919        Jun 14, Pilot John William Alcock (1892-1919) and navigator Arthur Witten Brown (1886-1948) took off from St. John’s, Newfoundland, for Clifden, Ireland, on the first nonstop transatlantic flight. The flight lasted 16 hours and 28 minutes and carried the first transatlantic airmail. They won a 10 thousand pound prize, first offered by the Daily Mail in 1913.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Whitten_Brown)(ON, 4/09, p.1)

1919        Jul 19, Raymonde de Larouche (1882-1919), Franch actress and aviatrix, died in an plane crash at Le Crotoy airport in France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymonde_de_Laroche)

1919        Jul 21, Anthony Fokker established an airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam.
    (MC, 7/21/02)
1919        Jul 21, A dirigible crashed through a bank skylight killing 13 in Chicago.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1919        Aug 25, The 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane between Paris and London.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1919        Oct 11, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines made its debut and served a pre-packaged dinner, believed to be the 1st in-flight meal, on a flight between London and Paris.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)(WSJ, 5/31/08, p.A12)

1919        Dec 18, British pilot John William Alcock (b.1892), enroute to a Paris air show, was killed while making a forced landing in fog near Rouen. He and navigator Arthur Witten Brown (1886-1948) had recently completed the world’s first nonstop transatlantic flight [see June 14].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Whitten_Brown)(ON, 4/09, p.1)

1919        Chalk’s Ocean Airways was founded to fly tourists and fisherman from Florida to the Bahamas.
    (SFC, 12/20/05, p.A4)

1920        Jul 27, A radio compass was used for 1st time for aircraft navigation.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

1920        Sep 8, New York-to-San Francisco air mail service was inaugurated. US postal planes began flying across the country, but these flights took place only in daylight because pilots relied on visual landmarks to navigate.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Government_Role/1918-1924/POL3.htm)(AP, 9/8/00)

1920        Australia-based Qantas Airlines was founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Ltd. Regular passenger service began in 1922.
    (AP, 7/25/08)(http://airlines.ws/qantas.htm)

1921        Feb 22, An air mail plane left San Francisco at 4:30 a.m., landing at New York (Hazelhurst Field, L. I., N. Y.) at 4:50 p.m. on February 23.
    (www.airmailpioneers.org/history/Sagahistory.htm)

1921        Feb 24, A giant plane was completed at 421 Colyton Street, Los Angeles. The "leviathan of the Skies" or "The Cloudster," was designed by Donald Douglas and was the first to carry a load greater than it own weight.
    (www.lahistoryarchive.org)

1921        Mar 23, Arthur G. Hamilton set a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet.
    (HN, 3/23/98)

1921        Jul 21, Gen. Billy Mitchell flew off with a payload of makeshift aerial bombs and sank the former German battle ship Ostfriesland off Hampton Roads, Virginia; the 1st time a battleship was ever sunk by an airplane.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1921        Aug 3, The 1st aerial crop dusting was in Troy, Ohio, to kill caterpillars.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1921        Nov 21, The 1st mid-air refueling was done by hand over Long Beach on a Curtiss JN-4.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1921        Dec 1, The US Navy flew the first nonrigid dirigible to use helium; the C-7 traveled from Hampton Roads, Va., to Washington.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

1922        Mar 23, 1st airplane landed at the US Capitol in Washington DC.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1922        Jun 16, Henry Berliner demonstrated his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1922        Nov 2, Australian Qantas airways began service.
    (www.qantas.com.au/travel/airlines/history-birthplace/global/en)

1923        Feb 9, Soviet Aeroflot airlines formed.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1923        May 2, Lieutenants Okaley Kelly and John Macready took off from New York for the West Coast on what would become the first successful nonstop transcontinental flight.
    (HN, 5/2/02)

1923        May 3,    The 1st non-stop flight across the US was completed. Army lieutenants Kelly and Macready arrived in San Diego from New York in 26 hours and 50 minutes.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(HN, 4/6/98)(NPub, 2002, p.10)

1923        Jun 27, The first in-flight refueling occurred over San Diego, Ca.
    (NPub, 2002, p.10)

1923        Amelia Earhart became the 16th woman to be issue a pilot’s license by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale.
    (ON, 12/07, p.8)

1924        Mar 17, Four Douglas army aircraft left Los Angeles for an around the world flight.
    (HN, 3/17/98)

1924               Apr 1,  Imperial Airways was formed in Britain.
    (OTD)

1924        Apr 6, Four open-cockpit biplanes took off from Seattle for a round the world flight. Two of the planes made it back. They flew 26,000 miles in 363 hours over a 175 days at an average speed of 77 mph. The US Congress had to approve the financing and the airplanes were built by Douglas Aircraft. [see May 3, 1923]
    (Hem., 2/96, p.43)(HN, 4/6/98)

1924        Jul 1, A regular transcontinental airmail service formed between NYC and SF.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1924        Sep 28, Two US Army planes landed in Seattle, Wash., having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days. Three U.S. Army aircraft arrived in Seattle, Washington, after completing a 22 day round-the-world flight.
    (AP, 9/28/97)(HN, 9/28/98)

1925        Apr 6, A Deutsche Lufthansa flight debuted an in-flight movie, a silent-reel short.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1925        Sep 3, The dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die. The 682-foot Shenandoah, a dirigible built by the U.S. Navy in 1923, broke apart in mid-air, killing 14 persons aboard.
    (HNQ, 1/2/00)(MC, 9/3/01)

1926        May 9, Americans Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett made the first flight over the North Pole. [see 1888-1957, Byrd] Two teams of aviators competed to be the first to fly over the North Pole. American Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd and pilot Floyd Bennett claimed victory when they circled the North Pole. But even today experts suspect that faulty navigation caused Byrd to miss the North Pole. Later archivists determined that Byrd was probably 150 miles short of the pole. His tri-motor Fokker monoplane named Josephine Ford probably came within 2.25 degrees of the pole.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.30)(TMC, 1994, p.1926)(SFC, 5/9/96, p.A-13)(HN, 5/9/98)(HNPD, 5/13/99)

1926        May 12, Italian Col. Umberto Nobile of the Italian army piloted his Norge dirigible over the North Pole with Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen.
    (ON, 10/00, p.5)

1926        Jul 2, The U.S. Army Air Corps was created by Congress. The Distinguish Flying Cross was authorized.
    (AP, 7/2/97)(HN, 7/2/98)(SC, 7/2/02)

1927        Mar 23, Captain Hawthorne Gray set a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.
    (HN, 3/23/98)

1927        Apr 26, US Navy officers Cmdr. Noel Davis and Lt. Stanton Wooster were killed when their aircraft crashed near New York while trying to take off with a huge load of fuel for a final test flight prior to an attempt to cross the Atlantic.
    (ON, 2/08, p.1)

1927        Apr 29, Construction of the Spirit of St Louis was completed. B.F. Mahoney was the ‘mystery man’ behind the Ryan Aeronautical Company that built Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis. Engineer Donald Hall designed the $10,580 plane to carry 400 gallons of fuel.
    (HN, 4/29/98)(ON, 2/08, p.1)

1927        May 4, The first balloon flight over 40,000 feet was made.
    (HN, 5/4/98)

1927        May 7, Mills Field, later SFO, opened for business with Captain Frank A. Flynn as superintendent.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)(Ind, 5/5/01, 5A)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.F7)

1927        May 8, French pilots Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli took off from Paris in their airplane named L’Oiseau Blanc (the White Bird), in an attempt to cross the Atlantic. Pilots and plane vanished during the flight.
    (ON, 2/08, p.2)

1927        May 10, US aviator Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974) picked up his plane, “The Spirit of St. Louis," in San Diego and flew it to St. Louis. The next day he continued to New York using railroad maps that he picked up in a drugstore for 50 cents each. The plane was powered by an air-cooled Whirlwind engine built by Ryan Aeronautical Company. Charles Fayette Taylor (1895-1996) worked on the engine design team. Taylor later authored "The Internal Combustion Engine in Theory and Practice."
    (WUD, 1994, p.832)(SFC, 6/23/96, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 6/30/96, p.B6)(ON, 2/08, p.2)

1927        May 20, Charles Lindbergh (25) took off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, NY, at 7:40 AM aboard the Spirit of St. Louis on his historic solo flight to France. The Minnesota native had decided to compete for a $25,000 prize, offered in 1919 by Raymond Orteig, NY hotel owner, to the first pilot to complete the feat. The Spirit of St. Louis, was capable of flying 4,000 miles on 425 gallons of fuel. His greatest problems on the 33-hour, 30-minute flight were staying awake and keeping ice from forming on the airplane’s wings.
    (AP, 5/20/97)(HN, 5/20/98)(HNPD, 5/21/00)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.26)(ON, 2/08, p.1)

1927        May 21, Charles Lindbergh (Lucky Lindy) landed in Le Bourget Field in Paris after a 33.5-hour nonstop, first solo flight from Roosevelt Field on New York’s Long Island. In 1953 Lindbergh authored his memoir “The Spirit of St. Louis."
    (F, 10/7/96, p.68)(AP, 5/21/97)(SFC, 10/20/99, p.C10)(ON, 2/08, p.1)

1927        Aug, Hermann Koehl attempted a nonstop flight from Dessau, Germany, to North America in a Junkers monoplane, the Bremen. He reached Ireland and was forced to turn back.
    (ON, 9/02, p.5)

1927        The Washington Airport opened in DC next to Hoover field, which had opened a year earlier. The two merged in 1930 to form the Washington-Hoover Airport.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Reagan_Washington_National_Airport)

1927        Japan's Imperial Aeronautics Association launched a competition for a non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean. The Ashi Shimbun newspaper offered a $25,000 prize.
    (ON, 1/03, p.10)

1928        Feb 7, Australian Bert Hinkler took off from London in a two-seat Avro 581E Avian biplane on the first leg of his solo flight from England to Australia. On February 22, after flying 128 hours in less than 16 days, Hinkler's 11,250-mile adventure ended in Darwin, Australia.
    (HNQ, 2/7/01)

1928        Apr 12, Hermann Koehl attempted a 2nd nonstop flight Europe to North America in a Junkers monoplane, the Bremen. Koehl along with a navigator and passenger departed from Ireland and reached Greenly Island, Quebec, the next day.
    (ON, 9/02, p.5)

1928        Apr 14, The first air service from SF to Los Angeles began. Mines Field opened in LA on a 640-acre portion of the 3,000-acre Bennett Rancho, which had become a popular landing strip for area aviators. 
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)(Hem, 9/04, p.34)

1928        May 1, Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) began service.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1928        May 24, The dirigible Italia crashed while attempting to reach Spitzbergen. Nine men survived the initial crash. In 2000 Wilbur Cross authored "Disaster at the Pole," a revised edition of the 1960 version of the disaster led by Italian aviator Umberto Nobile.
    (ON, 10/00, p.6)(SSFC, 1/7/01, Par p.14)

1928        May 31, The first flight over the Pacific took off from Oakland. Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm departed from Oakland, Ca., and arrived in Australia on June 9.
    (HN, 5/31/98)(NPub, 2002, p.11)

1928        Jun 3, Commander Amelia Earhart departed with pilot Bill Stultz from Boston Harbor to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and then to Trepassey, Newfoundland. From there on June 17 they embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to Wales.
    (AP, 6/17/97)(HNQ, 3/8/02)(ON, 12/07, p.8)

1928        Jun 9, Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm were the 1st to fly across the Pacific when they ended their flight from California to Brisbane, Australia.
    (NPub, 2002, p.11)

1928        Jun 17, Amelia Earhart embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to Wales with pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon, becoming the first woman to make the trip as a passenger.
    (ON, 12/07, p.9)(AP, 6/17/08)

1928        Jun 18, Aviator Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean as she completed a flight from Newfoundland to Wales in about 21 hours as a passenger.
    (AP, 6/18/97)(HN, 6/18/98)(HNQ, 3/8/02)

1928        Jun28-1928 Jun 29, Albert Hegenbeerger and Lester Maitland accomplished the first nonstop flight across the Pacific.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)

1928        Aug 16, The US Navy selected the Oakland municipal airport as the site of a US Naval Reserve aviation base.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)

1928        Aug, Amelia Earhart became the 1st woman to make back-to-back solo transcontinental flights as she flew across back forth across America.
    (ON, 12/07, p.9)

1928        Oct 25, An American group, led by James A. Talbot of Richfield Oil, acquired control of the American airplane business of Anthony H.G. Fokker.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.E10)

1928        Oct 26, The Pickwick Stage System filed documents to form a passenger airplane service connecting SF, San Diego and Chicago. It planned to use a fleet of tri-motored, 12 passenger Bach monoplanes.
    (SFC, 10/24/03, p.E10)

1928        Transcontinental Air Transport, the forerunner of Trans World Airlines (TWA), was incorporated. Thomas B. Eastland acquired enough shares to become the West Coast Director. Clement M. Keys was president and hired Charles Lindbergh as chairman of the technical committee.
    (Ind, 11/16/02, 5A)

1928        The first diesel powered aircraft, a modified Stinson, took to the air.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, TQ p.8)

1929        Jan 2, Evelyn "Bobbi" Trout (d.2003 at 97) shattered the female pilot endurance record of 8 hours with a flight of 12 hours and 11 minutes.
    (SFC, 2/1/03, p.A18)

1929        Mar 26, The SF board of Supervisors voted 14-1 to remove Captain Frank A. Flynn from his post as superintendent of Mills Field, following the story of a Lindbergh complaint. Charles Lindbergh had come to San Francisco’s Airport, Mills Field, to promote his airline, Transcontinental Air Transport. His plane was forced off the field by another plane and became stuck in the mud.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, AS p.6)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.F7)

1929        Jul 16, Col. Charles Lindbergh was severely angered when he realized a sound-camera man had recorded a private conversation using a concealed microphone. The “voice that has never been filmed" left San Francisco’s Mills Field airport on the cameraman’s reel.
    (SFC, 7/16/04, p.F4)

1929        Jul, Transcontinental Air Transport began regularly scheduled between NY and LA. Service took 48 hours with trains for night travel. A ticket cost $310. [see Oct 23]
    (Ind, 11/16/02, 5A)

1929        Aug 7, Germany’s Graf Zeppelin airship embarked from Lakehurst, New Jersey, on the first round-the-world passenger voyage.
    (www.airships.net/blog/graf-zeppelin-round-the-world-flight-august-1929)(Hem., 2/96, p.43)

1929        Aug 18, The first cross-country women's air derby began. Louise McPhetride Thaden won first prize in the heavier-plane division, while Phoebe Fairgrave Omlie finished first in the lighter-plane category.
    (HN, 8/18/98)

1929        Aug 25, Graf Zeppelin passed over SF for LA following a trans-Pacific voyage.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1929        Aug 29, The Graf Zeppelin returned to Lakehurst, New Jersey, after 21 days 4 hours, a new world record.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.43)(MC, 8/29/01)(ON, 1/03, p.10)

1929        Sep 1, Maddux Air began the 1st direct aerial passenger service from SF to NY. The 48 hour trip included 2 nights on trains.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.F8)

1929        Sep 24, U.S. Army pilot Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY2 Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.
    (AP, 9/24/97)(HN, 9/24/98)

1929        Sep 30, The 1st manned rocket plane flight was made by auto maker Fritz von Opel at Frankfurt-am-Main [see May 29, 1928].
    (http://strangevehicles.greyfalcon.us/OPEL%20ROCKET%20VEHICLES.htm)

1929        Oct 23, First transcontinental air service began from New York to Los Angeles. [see July]
    (HN, 10/23/98)

1929        Oct 28, Universal Pictures joined with Transcontinental Air Transport to offer moving pictures for air passengers bound for California.
    (SFC, 10/29/04, p.F11)

1929        Nov 28, Commander Richard E. Byrd embarked on the first South Pole flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)

1929        Nov 29, Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd radioed that he'd made the first airplane flight over the South Pole: "My calculations indicate that we have reached vicinity of South Pole." He was wrong [see 1888-1957, Byrd].
    (TMC, 1994, p.1929)(HFA, '96, p.42)(AP, 11/29/97)(NPub, 2002, p.12)

1929        Hangar 1, the first modern air terminal of LA, was completed at Mines Field in Spanish Colonial Revival style. In 2005 it was still part of LAX.
    (Hem., 5/97, p.70)(Hem, 9/04, p.34)

1929        Amelia Earhart and other female aviation pioneers founded the Ninety-Nines (a women’s pilot’s association). Only about 150 of the nation’s 9,800 licensed pilots were women. While the number of female pilots increased, it was stunted by a Depression-era society no longer tolerant of the feminist activism of the 1920s.
    (HNQ, 3/16/01)

1929         Ira C. Eaker and three other pilots set an endurance record for flying. Eaker set flying records in 1929 and 1936, became the commander of VIII Bomber Command and later the entire Eighth Air Force in World War II.
    (HNQ, 3/9/01)

1929        William Green developed the first automatic pilot used on an airliner.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)(www.spaceday.org/index.php/History-of-Flight-Timeline.html)

1929        The pilot of a Fokker C.IV crashed in Vancouver, Canada, during an attempt to fly nonstop from Seattle to Tokyo. The 1923 plane became a tourist attraction, then burned and ended up in Maine, where it was restored for the Owls Head Transportation Museum.
    (SFC, 9/13/07, p.E3)

1930        Jan 6, Aviator Douglas Campbell, the 1st American ace of WW I, visited C.A. “Mother" Tusch at 2211 Union St. in Berkeley, Ca. Tusch’s home was known s the “Hangar" because it was one of the most complete privately owned aviation museums in America.
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.F6)

1930        Apr 6, 1st transcontinental glider tow was completed.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1930        Apr 20, Charles (d.1974) and Anne Lindbergh (d.2001 at 94) set a transcontinental speed record flying from Los Angeles to New York in 14 hours and 45 minutes. Anne was 7 months pregnant. [see Jan 20]
    (SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)

1930        May 15, Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air Transport, a forerunner of United Airlines.
    (HN, 5/15/98)(AP, 5/15/07)

1930        May 20, The first airplane, piloted by Charles Nicholson, was catapulted from a dirigible.
    (HN, 5/20/98)(MC, 5/20/02)

1930        May 24, Amy Johnson became the first woman to fly from England to Australia.
    (HN, 5/24/98)

1930        Aug 13, Captain Frank M. Hawks, superintendent of the Aviation Division of Texaco, flew a red-and-white Travel Air monoplane from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes and 3 seconds. According to Hawks' own widely publicized account, the Travel Air performed flawlessly, with an average airspeed of 215 mph. Hawks made three 15-minute refueling stops during the 2,510-mile journey. He battled a rainstorm, crosswinds, hunger and a thick haze that made "the ground barely visible at 8,000 feet," but reached New York City in time for dinner.
    (HNPD, 8/20/99)

1930        Aug 18, Eastern Airlines began passenger service.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1930        Sep 2, The first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to the US was completed as Captain Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte of France arrived in Valley Stream, New York, aboard a Breguet biplane. The plane was known as "The Question Mark" because it bore a large question mark, instead of a name, on each side..
    (AP, 9/2/08)

1930         Dec 10, Lady aviator Ruth Nichols set a new women's record for coast to coast flight, traveling from Los Angeles to New York in 13 hours 22 minutes.
    (NY Times, 11/12/1930, p.1)

1931        Feb 7, Amelia Earhart (33), aviatrix, married George Palmer Putnam (45), divorced heir to a publishing empire in Noank, Conn.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.31)(HN, 2/7/99)

1931        Mar, United Aircraft-Transport Corp. acquired National Air Transport. 3 months later it bought Varney Air Lines and incorporated as United Air Lines Inc.
    (WSJ, 12/6/02, p.B5)

1931        May 18, Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashed his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He was picked up seven hours later by a passing ship.
    (HN, 5/18/99)

1931        May 27, Piccard and Knipfer made the first flight into stratosphere, by balloon.
    (HN, 5/27/98)

1931        Jun 23, Wiley Post and Harold Gatty flew in a single-engine plane, the Winnie Mae, from New York on a round-the-world flight and returned to New York on July 1 after 8 days, 15 hrs, and 51 min., a new world record.
    (AP, 6/23/97)(ON, 12/03, p.10)(NPub, 2002, p.12)

1931        Jul 28, Clyde Panghorn and Hugh Herndon took off from Roosevelt Field, NY, in an attempt to set a round-the world speed record. They got delayed in Siberia and changed their plan to pursue a record non-stop flight from Japan to the US. Herndon's mother, an heiress of Standard Oil Company money, financed most of the trip.
    (ON, 1/03, p.10)

1931        Aug, Clyde Panghorn and Hugh Herndon landed at Japan's Tachikawa Airport and were arraigned for landing illegally. They paid fines of $1,050 apiece to be released.
    (ON, 1/03, p.10)

1931        Oct 2, Aerial circus star Clyde Pangborn and playboy Hugh Herndon, Jr. set off in Miss Veedol to complete the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean from Sabishiro Beach in Misawa City, Japan. A young boy gave Panghorn 5 apples from Misawa City.
    (HN, 10/2/99)(ON, 1/03, p.10)

1931        Oct 3, Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon, Jr. belly landed Miss Veedol, a Bellanca CH-200 monoplane, in Wenatchee, Wa., to complete the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean from Japan. They won a $25,000 prize from the Japanese Ashi Shimbun newspaper. Panghorn sent apple cuttings from Wenatchee's Richard Delicious apples to Japan which were soon distributed across Japan.
    (ON, 1/03, p.10)

1931-1975    Raymond Kelly (d.2003 at 102), flight engineer, shot 8mm movies of various flights. A 45-minute compilation was later made: "44 years in Aviation, 1931-1975," and kept at the national Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.
    (SFC, 10/8/03, p.A27)

1932        Mar 20, The German dirigible, Graf Zepplin, made the first flight to South America on regular schedule.
    (HN, 3/20/98)

1932        May 20, Amelia Earhart took off from Newfoundland to become the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. Because of weather and equipment problems, Earhart set down in Northern Ireland after 13 ½ hours instead of her intended destination, France.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(HN, 5/20/01)(AP, 5/20/07)(ON, 12/07, p.9)

1932        May 21, Amelia Earhart  made her first transatlantic solo flight from Newfoundland to Ireland.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(AP, 5/20/97)

1932        Jul 23, Alberto Santos-Dumont (b.1873), aviation pioneer, hanged himself in Guaraja, Brazil after hearing a bomber discharge its load on fellow countrymen. In 2003 Paul Hoffman authored "Wings of Madness: Alberto Santos-Dumont and the Invention of Flight."
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.M1)

1932        Aug 18, Auguste Piccard and Max Cosijns reached 16,201m in a balloon.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1932        Aug 24, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly nonstop across the United States, traveling from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in just over 19 hours.
    (AP, 8/24/97)

1932        Aug 25,  Amelia Earhart completed a transcontinental flight.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1932        Oct 15, In India J.R.D Tata began flying regular mail service. India’s first airline, Air India, was founded by the Tata family. In 2007 it merged with Indian Airlines.
    (www.airindia.com/SBCMS/Webpages/JRD.aspx?MID=196#)(Econ, 3/23/13, p.72)

1932        Night flying was introduced in the US and transcontinental travel was cut to 24 hours.
    (Ind, 11/16/02, 5A)

1933        Feb 8, The 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 247.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1933        Apr 3, The dirigible Akron crashed into the Atlantic off of New Jersey and killed 73 0f the 76 men aboard.
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.A21)

1933        Apr 13, The first flight over Mount Everest was completed by Lord Clydesdale.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1933        Jul 15, Wiley Post began the 1st solo flight around world.
    (MC, 7/15/02)(ON, 12/03, p.12)

1933        Jul 22, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York's Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours. 
    (AP, 7/22/08)

1933        Pan American Airlines took over China Airways, founded by Clement Keys, and renamed it China National Aviation Corp. (CNAC).
    (SFEM, 2/13/00, p.38)

1933        The first unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was the radio-controlled “Fairey Queen" biplane. It was catapulted into the air and survived 2 hours of live fire from a British warship. In 1934 Britain’s Air Ministry ordered 420 such aircraft, known as the Queen Bee, which gave rise to the word drone to describe such aircraft.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.23)

1934        May 18, TWA began commercial service.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1934        Aug 2, The 1st airplane train towed 3 mail gliders behind it.
    (MC, 8/2/02)

1935        Jan 1, Eastern Airlines hired Eddie Rickenbacker as GM.
    (MC, 1/1/02)
1935        Jan 1, Helen Richey became the 1st woman employed as an airplane pilot. She resigned 10 months later after the all-male pilot's union refused to accept her.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1935        Jan 11, Aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu to Oakland, Calif., becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
    (AP, 1/11/98)

1935        Feb 12, The 785-foot USS Macon, the last US Navy dirigible (ZRS-5), crashed on its 55th flight off the coast of California, killing two people. After takeoff from Point Sur, California, a gust of wind tore off the ship's upper fin, deflating its gas cells and causing the ship to fall into the sea. Two of Macon 's 83 crewmen died in the accident. The U.S. Navy lost the airships Shenandoah in 1925 and Akron in 1933. Some considered airships too dangerous for the program to continue at that point, and work on them in the United States halted temporarily.
    (HNQ, 2/7/99)(SFC, 9/27/06, p.B1)

1935        Mar 11, Hermann Goering made the German Air Force an official organ of the Reich.
    (HN, 3/11/98)(MC, 3/11/02)

1935        Aug 15, Humorist Will Rogers (55), American comedian and "cowboy philosopher," and aviation pioneer Wiley Post (36) were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska. Rogers once said: "Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there."
    (AP, 8/15/97)(HN, 8/15/98)(MC, 8/15/02)

1935        Sep 12, Millionaire Howard Hughes flew his own designed plane at 352.46 mph.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1935        Oct 30, The US Army Air Corps held a competition to see which company would build the country’s next-generation of long-range bombers. Boeing’s “flying fortress" crashed shortly after takeoff and Martin and Douglas won by default.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.84)

1935        Nov 22, Pan Am inaugurated the first transpacific airmail service, San Francisco to Manila. The Pan Am China Clipper under Captain Ed Musick took off from Alameda Point bound for the Philippines with 111,000 letters. It was the company's first trans-Pacific flight. The plane was a 25-ton Martin M-130 flying boat with a wingspan of 130 feet, and was the largest aircraft in world service.
    (HN, 11/22/98)(Ind, 5/1/99, p.5A)(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.35)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935        Dec 1, The fist airway traffic control center went into operation.
    (NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935        Dec, The fist Douglas DC-3 airplane was introduced. By 1938 it carried the bulk of American air traffic. It was the first practical passenger plane and stemmed from the DC-1, whose design was led by Arthur E. Raymond (d.1999 at 99). Raymond helped found the Rand Corp. in 1948.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.C2)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1935-1945    There were 12,731 B-17 bomber airplanes built. Nicknamed the "Flying Fortress," over 4,000 never returned from combat.
    (WSJ, 9/9/98, p.A20)

1936        Jan 14, American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth and Canadian pilot Herbert Hollick-Kenyon were rescued by the research ship Discovery II. The pair had made the first flight across Antarctica, 2,300 miles from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea. They landed when their plane's engine faltered, and waited in the previously constructed shelter at Little America for a month to be picked up. After his earlier attempts to cross Antarctica failed, Ellsworth set out with Hollick-Kenyon in the Northrop Gamma monoplane, Polar Star, and succeeded. Part of the area that Ellsworth and Hollick-Kenyon flew over in 1935 has been named the Ellsworth Highlands.
    (HNPD, 1/14/99)(AH, 2/06, p.14)

1936        Mar 4, The 1st test flight of airship Hindenburg was made in Germany.
    (www.airships.net/hindenburg)

1936        Mar 5, Spitfire made it's 1st flight at the Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton, England.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1936        Apr 18, Pan-Am Clipper began regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1936        May 6, The Hindenburg airship departed Germany and on the 9th on May, it arrived at Lakehurst, N.J., having completed the first scheduled transatlantic dirigible flight.
    (www.airships.net/hindenburg/flight-schedule/maiden-voyage/passenger-account)

1936        Jun 26, The 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter.
    (MC, 6/26/02)

1936        Sep 2, The 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight took place. [see Sep 6]
    (MC, 9/2/01)

1936        Sep 6, Aviator Beryl Markham flew the first east-to-west solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean. [see Sep 2]
    (HN, 9/6/00)

1936        The multi-airlines magazine "Airlanes" was begun to popularize passenger flying.
    (Hem, 11/02, p.53)

1937        Jan 19, Millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in seven hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

1937        Mar 17, Amelia Earhart took off from Oakland, Ca., in an attempt to become the first pilot to fly around the globe at the equator.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.A8)

1937        Apr 25, Clem Sohn (26), air show performer, died when his chute failed to open.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1937        May 6,    At 7:25 p.m. the giant German airship (dirigible or zeppelin) Hindenburg burst into flames and crashed to the ground as it attempted to dock with a mooring mast at Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey. Carrying 36 passengers and 61 crew, Hindenburg left Frankfurt on May 4 for its first transatlantic voyage of the 1937 season. A total of 36 died when the fire ignited the 16 hydrogen-filled cells and destroyed the zeppelin in only 34 seconds. It was 803 feet long and had private rooms for 50 passengers. It had an 11,000 mile range. A newsreel film of the Hindenburg Disaster was made. The true cause of the disaster remains a mystery, although crash investigators considered claims that Hindenburg was lost due to sabotage or an accidental charge of static electricity.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1937)(Hem., 1/96, p.108)(AP, 5/6/97)(SFC,11/21/97, p.C17)(HNPD, 5/6/00)

1937        Gibbs Field opened in San Diego, Ca. On May 20, 1950, it was formally re-dedicated as Montgomery Field in honor of John Montgomery, the man who made the first controlled flight in a fixed wing craft (1883).
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)

1937        In Iceland an airline was founded that developed into Icelandair.
    (WSJ, 10/14/08, p.B10)

1938        Jun 7, Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat was 1st flown (Eddie Allen).
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1938        Jul 10, Howard Hughes and the "Yankee Clipper" began the 1st passenger flight around the world flight from NYC. [see Jul 14]
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1938        Jul 14, Howard Hughes landed at Floyd Bennet Field in NY with a crew of four after flying around the world in 3 days, 19 hours, and 17 min., a new record.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.44)

1938        Jul 18, Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrived in Ireland. He had left NY for Calif. [see Jul 17]
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1939        Mar 3, Eleanor Roosevelt christened Pan Am's new Boeing built Yankee Clipper.
    (SFEM, 2/13/00, p.38)

1939        May 20, Regular trans-Atlantic air mail service began as a Pan American Airways plane, the Yankee Clipper, took off from Port Washington, N.Y., bound for Marseilles, France.
    (AP, 5/20/97)(www.airliner.net/pan-am-clipper-flying-boat/transatlantic-airline-service/)

1939        Jun 28, Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic passenger air service as the "Dixie Clipper" left Port Washington, N.Y., for Portugal.
    (AP, 6/28/99)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1939        Jul 3, Ernst Heinkel demonstrated an 800-kph rocket plane to Hitler.
    (MC, 7/3/02)

1939        Aug 27, The world's first jet-propelled plane, the Heinkel He-178, made its first flight at Marienehe, north Germany. Hans von Ohain’s aircraft became the first jet-powered airplane to fly. It remained airborne for 7 minutes. Erich Warsitz made the 1st jet-propelled flight.
    (SFC, 8/10/96, p.A20)(Reuters, 8/28/01)(MC, 8/27/01)

1939        Oct 15, The New York Municipal Airport was dedicated. It was the largest, most advanced commercial airport in the world. Its new terminal featured innovative design that kept arriving and departing passengers separated on two levels for greater efficiency. It was also terminals adorned with Art Deco details and fine restaurants and a rooftop viewing promenade as well as many technological details that made flying safer and less expensive.  On Mar 31, 1940, the new airport was rechristened LaGuardia Airport after the mayor, who had been a bomber pilot in World War I and whose interest in aviation lasted throughout his lifetime, barely a month after it opened.
    (www.arcadiapublishing.com/news_article.html?id=1816)(AP, 10/15/97)

1939        Dec 2, New York's Municipal Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago landed at one minute after midnight. The North Beach Airport opened in Queens, NYC, with 2 levels for passenger circulation. It was renamed LaGuardia on March 31, 1940.
    (Hem., 5/97, p.70)(AP, 12/2/98)

1940        Mar 31, The New York Municipal Airport, opened in October, 1939, was renamed La Guardia airport, after the mayor, who had been a bomber pilot in World War I and whose interest in aviation lasted throughout his lifetime, barely a month after it opened.
    (www.arcadiapublishing.com/news_article.html?id=1816)

1940        May 20, Igor Sikorsky unveiled his helicopter invention.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1940        May 23, The 1st great dogfight between Spitfires took place.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1940        Jul 18, The 1st successful helicopter flight was made at Stratford, Ct.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1940        Aug 25, The first parachute wedding ceremony was performed by Rev. Homer Tomlinson at the New York City World’s Fair for Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward. The minister, bride and groom, best man, maid of honor and four musicians were all suspended from parachutes.
    (HN, 8/25/00)

1940        Sep 16, The Luftwaffe bombed the Bristol Aeroplane Company.
    (http://www.fishponds.freeuk.com/nluftbri1.htm)

1941        Jan, The US War Dept. formed an all-black flying unit that achieved fame as the Tuskegee Airmen. On June 20 the Tuskegee program officially began with the formation of the 99th Fighter Squadron at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Their 1st mission was in June 1943. African-Americans were barred from the Air Corps until this year, and then were shunted to all-black squadrons.
    (SFC, 9/22/99, p.A24) (WSJ, 8/17/99, p.A1)(NPub, 2002, p.14)

1941        Mar 15, Philippine Airlines maid its maiden flight from Manila to Baguio.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A19)

1941        Apr 15, 1st helicopter flight of 1 hour duration took place at Stratford, Ct.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1941        May 11, The 1st Messerschmidt 109F was shot down above England.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1941        May 15, 1st British turbojet flew.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1941        Jun 16, The new Washington National Airport opened southwest of DC. In 1945, Congress passed a law that established the airport was legally within Virginia but under the jurisdiction of the federal government. In 1998 it was renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Reagan_Washington_National_Airport)

1942        Jan 6, The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New York under Captain Robert Ford. He flew west from New Zealand to avoid Japanese attacks and became the first commercial pilot to make a round-the-world trip. The Pacific Clipper was known as a "flying boat." This flight was 31,500 miles and took 209 hours to complete.
    (AP, 1/6/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_314)

1942        Mar 3, Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane made its 1st combat flight.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1942        May 13, A helicopter made its 1st cross-country flight.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1942        Jun 6, The 1st nylon parachute jump was made in Hartford, Ct., by Adeline Gray.
    (MC, 6/6/02)

1942        Jun 18, Eric Nessler of France stayed aloft in a glider for 38h 21m.
    (MC, 6/18/02)

1942        Jul 18, The German Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, the first jet-propelled aircraft to fly in combat, made its first flight. Walter Nowotny was a rising your star in the Luftwaffe, chosen by Hitler to be the point man to lead the new jet fighter under the tutelage of General of Fighters Adolf Galland who was assigned to prove the airplane in battle. The Axis hopes were dashed when Nowotny was attacked by American pilots during landing and crashed. Col. Edward R. "Buddy" Haydon was one of those American pilots.
    (www.fighter-planes.com/info/me262.htm)(HNQ, 9/2/02)

1942        Aug 1, Ensign Henry C. White, while flying a J4F Widgeon plane, sank U-166 as it approaches the Mississippi River, the first U-boat sunk by the U.S. Coast Guard. In the summer of 1942, German submarines put saboteurs ashore on American beaches. [see Jul 30, 1942]
    (HN, 8/1/98)(SFC, 6/9/01, p.A5)

c1942-1945    The Bell P-39 Airacobra was liked for its easy-to-taxi tricycle landing gear and the 37mm cannon that fired through the propeller hub. But the engine mounted behind the pilot led to balance concerns and the lack of a turbosupercharger in the overweight airplane rendered it useless against higher-performing enemy aircraft at higher altitudes. Allied pilots considered it an accomplishment to even survive in the P-39, much less to win in aerial battle against the vaunted Japanese Zero, whose pilots considered the Airacobra "cold meat."
    (HNQ, 9/13/02)

1943        Jan 11, President Franklin D. Roosevelt flew to Morocco for a top-secret meeting with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. He had not flown since 1932, when he traveled from Albany, New York, to Chicago to accept his nomination at the Democratic national convention. No U.S. president had previously flown while in office because the Secret Service regarded flying as a dangerous mode of transport. Air travel was the only realistic option for the trip to Casablanca because German submarines lurking in the Atlantic made a surface crossing too risky.
    (HNQ, 4/8/02)

1943        Mar 5, The Gloster Meteor first flew. Great Britain emerged from World War II with a decided head start in jet technology, the only Allied power to have had a jet fighter operational in squadron strength before the German surrender on May 8, 1945. On July 21, 1944, the first two production Meteors arrived at Culmhead and formed the nucleus of No. 616 Squadron, Royal Air Force (RAF). Appropriately, the Meteor’s first duty was to defend Britain from attacks by German V-1 pulse jet-powered guided bombs, of which they destroyed 13 by the end of the war. Meteor IIIs of No. 616 Squadron were committed to Continental Europe in the last months of the conflict, but they never got the opportunity to meet the German Me-262A in battle.
    (HNQ, 8/21/01)

1943        Mar 19, Airship Canadian Star was torpedoed and sank.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1943        Apr 11, Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flew his 1st (single-rotor) craft.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1943        May 15, Halifax bombers sank U-463.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1943        May 22, The 1st US jet fighter was tested. Lockheed Martin had picked Clarence Johnson, a Univ. of Michigan graduate (1932) to develop the nation’s 1st jet fighter. He had already designed the P-38 Lightning. Johnson and his staff developed a jet prototype, the Shooting Star, in 143 days.
    (MC, 5/22/02)(MT, Summer/04, p.7)

1943        Jul 18, The US Navy airship K-74 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire from a German U-boat.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1943        Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran convinced the U.S. military that qualified women pilots could free men for combat duty by performing non-combat missions. Supported by Eleanor Roosevelt and Army aviation chief General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, Cochran's goal was achieved with the formation of the Women's Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs).
    (HNPD, 2/25/99)

1944        Mar 23, Nicholas Alkemade fell 5,500 meter without a parachute and lived. [see Mar 25]
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1944        Mar 25, RAF Sgt. Nickolas Alkemade survived a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute. [see Mar 23]
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1944         Jun 13, Only one week after the Normandy invasion, the first German V-1 buzz bomb, also called the doodlebug (Fieseler Fi-103), was fired at London. The first guided missile to be used in force, the V-1 was powered by a pulse-jet engine and resembled a small aircraft. Only one of the four missiles London saw that day caused any casualties, but a steady stream of V-1s causing severe damage and casualties fell on London in coming months. At times, nearly 100 bombs fell each day. Many German buzz bombs never reached their targets because of primitive guidance systems or because they were destroyed in flight by anti-aircraft fire or intercepting Allied fighters.
    (AP, 6/13/97)(HNQ, 6/13/98)(MC, 6/13/02)

1944        Jul 4, Stanley Hiller Jr. (1925-2006) flew his XH-44 helicopter free from its tether for the 1st time in the stadium of UC Berkeley. A public demonstration took place in SF on Aug. 30, 1944.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.B7)(www.helis.com/timeline/hiller.php)

1944        Jul 25, The Messerschmitt 262 became the 1st jet fighter used in combat.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1944        Nov, An Int'l. Civil Aviation Conference established English as the air traffic control language. The Chicago Convention on air travel attempted to lay down technical and legal rules for the post-war order in int’l. air transport.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A25)(Econ, 10/4/03, p.66)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.69)

1944        Britain’s government decided to bulldoze the village of Heath Row to accommodate an expansion of a nearby aerodrome.
    (Econ, 7/20/13, p.51)

1946        Mar 8, The 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use was in NYC.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1946        Apr 24, The Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, ordered the establishment of the Blue Angels team.  In 1985 funding for the program was $4.2 million, about half the cost of replacements for the two A-4 jets. By 2005 21 pilots died during Angels shows. Navy officials said the super-trained unit and its dazzling displays are valuable in attracting young and talented recruits into the Navy and Air Force. By 2009 on the average, one F/A-18 used approximately 8,000 pounds or 1,300 gallons of JP-5 jet fuel at a cost of roughly $1,378. Fat Albert, which transports the crew to shows, holds 46,000 pounds of fuel.
    (www.navy.com/about/navylife/onduty/blueangels/faq/)(http://tinyurl.com/ydn8pes)

1946        May 28, The US Army Air Force initiated the Nuclear Energy for the Propulsion of Aircraft program (NEPA). Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corp. was selected to study the possibility of developing a long range strategic bomber powered by a nuclear reactor.
    (AH, 2/03, p.52)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_Nuclear_Propulsion)

1946        Heathrow Airport, an air base near London for fighter planes during WWII, was converted to civilian use. A modified Avro Lancastrian bomber made the first scheduled flight.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.91)(Econ, 3/30/13, p.55)
1946        Scandinavian airlines began as a co-operative venture between the airlines of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. In 1951 they merged. Marcus Wallenberg Jr. (1899-1982), tennis champion, sold out of railways to concentrate on airplanes. Wallenberg helped to establish the Scandinavian Airlines System and controlled companies that employed one of every eight working Swedes.
    (www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,925746-2,00.html)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.73)(Econ, 5/19/12, p.74)

1947        May 1, Radar for commercial and private planes was 1st demonstrated.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1947        Jun 17, Pan Am Airways was chartered as the 1st worldwide passenger airline.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.44)(MC, 6/17/02)

1947        Jul 8, In New Mexico the Roswell Daily Record reported the military’s capture of a flying saucer. It became know as the Roswell Incident. Officials later called the debris a "harmless, high-altitude weather balloon. In 1994 the Air Force released a report saying the wreckage was part of a device used to spy on the Soviets.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, p.T4)(USAT, 6/28/96, p.7D)

1947        Aug 10, William Odom set a solo record by completing a round-the-world flight in 73 hours and 5 minutes, landing at Chicago's Douglas Airport.
    (AP, 8/10/97)

1947        Aug 25, Marion Carl, US Navy test pilot, set a world speed record of 651 mph in a D-558-I at Muroc Field (later Edwards AFB), Ca. He was shot to death in Oregon by a house robber in 1998 at age 82.
    (SFC, 6/30/98, p.A3)(chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1947        Oct 14, Air Force test pilot Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager (24) flew the experimental Bell X-1 [Bell XS-1] rocket plane aircraft and broke the sound barrier to Mach 1.07 for the first time over Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., which was then called Muroc Army Air Field. The area has the largest dry lake bed in the world, a 44-square mile area known as Rogers Lake. Suspended from the belly of a Boeing B-29, Glamorous Glennis was dropped at 10:26 a.m. from a height of 20,000 feet. Yeager (who had broken two ribs in a riding accident the night before) fired the four rocket motor chambers in pairs, breaking through the sound barrier as he increased airspeed to almost 700 mph and climbed to an altitude of 43,000 feet. The XS-1 remained at supersonic speeds for 20.5 seconds, with none of the buffeting that characterized high-speed subsonic flight. The 14-minute flight was Yeager’s ninth since being named primary pilot in June 1947. The Air Force and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (the forerunner of NASA) did not make the event public until Jun 10, 1948.
    (SFC, 8/5/96, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A7)(AP, 10/14/97)(HNPD, 10/14/98)

1947        Nov 2, Howard Hughes piloted his huge wooden airplane, known as the Spruce Goose, on its only flight, which lasted 70 sec. over Long Beach Harbor in California. The plane had an 8-story tail and a 320-foot wingspan. It was designed to take seven hundred soldiers into battle. The plane had a wing span longer than a football field, and was powered by 8 engines and was crafted out of 200 tons of plywood. The war ended before the plane was deployed, but Hughes proved the Spruce Goose's was air-worthy.
    (AP, 11/2/97)(SFC, 7/29/98, p.A20)(HN, 11/2/98)(MC, 11/2/01)

1947        The first airport duty-free store opened at Shannon Airport, Ireland.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)

1948        Mar 23, John Cunningham set a world altitude record at 54,492' (18,133 meters).
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1948        May 5, 1st air squadron of jets aboard a carrier
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1948         Jun 26, The Berlin Airlift began in earnest as the United States, Britain and France started ferrying supplies to the isolated western sector of Berlin, after the Soviet Union cut off land and water routes. The Soviets had been harassing the French, British and American authorities in Berlin for weeks, trying to force them from the city. Finally, when all surface routes to the city were blockaded, it became clear that an airlift through the Allied sectors was the only way to re-supply the 2 million West Berliners. In spite of the enormous human and financial cost, “Operation Vittles" supplied food, fuel and hope to beleaguered citizens until the Soviet barricades were finally lifted on May 12, 1949. In 2010 Richard Reeves authored “Daring Young Men: The Heroism and Triumph of the Berlin Airlift, June 1948-May 1949."
    (AP, 6/26/98)(HN, 6/26/99)(http://tinyurl.com/gqhi)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.63)

1948        Jul 1, New York International Airport at Idlewild, later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport, was officially opened.
    (AP, 7/1/98)

1948        The John Murtha Airport opened in Jonestown, Pennsylvania. From 1989-2009 Congressman John Murtha steered some $150,000,000 to the airport. In 2009 there were a total of 18 commercial flights per week, all of which went to Dulles Airport in Washington, DC.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nsdv8k)(Econ, 1/23/10, p.26)

1949        Feb 26, A USAF plane began a 1st nonstop around-the-world flight.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1949        Mar 2, The Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), landed at Fort Worth , Texas, after completing the first non-stop, round-the-world flight: 23,452-mis in 94 hours.
    (AP, 3/2/98)(SC, 3/2/02)

1949        May 13, The 1st British-produced jet bomber, Canberra, made its 1st test flight.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1949        Jul 27, The British 36-seat jet-propelled De Havilland Comet 1 flew for the first time. This was the world’s first passenger jet.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Commercial_Aviation/Opening_of_Jet_era/Tran6.htm)(Econ, 11/22/14, p.51)

1949        Sep 30, The Berlin airlift ended its operation after 277,264 flights. Through accidents 31 Americans lost their lives in support of the airlift. The Berlin Airlift, which began on June 26, 1948, and lasted 321 days, consisted of 272,264 flights by British and American airmen. They transported some 2.3 million tons of food to supply the 2.1 million residents of the blockaded portion of the city. The operation ended after 278,288 flights and delivery of 2,326,406 tons of supplies. In 2010 Richard Reeves authored “Daring Young Men: The Heroism and Triumph of the Berlin Airlift, June 1948-May 1949."
    (EWH, 1968, p.1180)(AP, 9/30/97)(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A14)(HNQ, 7/9/98)(SSFC, 3/28/10, p.f3)

1950        Apr 8, A US Navy privateer airplane flew from Wiesbaden, West Germany, to spy over the Soviet Union with 10 people on board. Soviet reconnaissance spotted the plane over Latvia and shot it down.
    (SFEC,12/21/97, p.A26)

1950        Apr 11, A US B-29 bomber was shot down above Latvia.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1950        Apr 18, The first transatlantic jet passenger trip was made.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1951        The US Atomic Energy Commission and the Air Force instituted the Aircraft Nuclear propulsion development Program (ANP). It ended in 1961 under Pres. John F. Kennedy.
    (AH, 2/03, p.52, 56)

1952        Apr 15, The 1st B-52 prototype test flight was made.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1952        Apr 21, BOAC began 1st passenger service with jets from London to Rome.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1952        May 1, TWA introduced tourist class.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1952         May 2, The British Overseas Aircraft Corporation (BOAC), the national British carrier, introduced the world’s 1st commercial jet airliner service. Initial flights took passengers from London to Johannesburg in South Africa, with stops. The British De Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner, was grounded later this year after a series of fatal crashes. Its flaws were fixed and the plane went on to deliver years of reliable service.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Commercial_Aviation/Opening_of_Jet_era/Tran6.htm)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.65)

1952         May 3, The first airplane landed at geographic North Pole. It was a ski-modified U.S. Air Force C-47, piloted by Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict (d.1974) of California and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher of Oklahoma. In 2002 Charles B. Compton authored "Born to Fly: Some Life Sketches of Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict."
    (Polar Times, Fall, 97)(CBC)

1952        KLM Royal Dutch Airlines began offering first class passengers ceramic houses filled with liquor. Industry rules capped handouts at 75 cents, but there was no limit on booze. In 2008 the 89th house in the series made it debut on Oct 7, the airline’s 89th birthday.
    (WSJ, 5/31/08, p.A1)

1953        May 18, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1953        Jul 9, The 1st helicopter passenger service began in NYC.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1953        Aug 7, Eastern Airlines entered the jet age with the Electra prop-jet.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1953        Aug 21, Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reached a record 25,370 m.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1953          Oct 19, America's first ever non-stop transcontinental service began with flights by American Airlines using DC-7 aircraft.
    (www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Commercial_Aviation/Opening_of_Jet_era/Tran6.htm)

1953        Nov 20, Scott Crossfield (1921-2006), test pilot for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), flew a D-558-II Skyrocket to a record speed of over 1,320 mph.
    (SFC, 4/21/06, p.B9)

1953        Dec 12, Chuck Yeager, test pilot for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), reached Mach 2.43 in Bell X-1A rocket plane.
    (SFC, 4/21/06, p.B9)

1954        Feb 6, A US Air Force 4-engine RC-121 Super Constellation, one of the new flying radar stations, crashed in the shallows of San Pablo Bay. All 13 crew members survived.
    (SFC, 2/6/04, p.E12)

1954        Apr 1, U.S. Air Force Academy was founded in Colorado. President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill authorizing the establishment of an Air Force Academy, similar to West Point and Annapolis. On July 11, 1955, the first class was sworn in at Lowry Air Force Base. The academy moved to a permanent site near Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1958.
    (HN, 4/1/98)(HNQ, 2/22/99)(MC, 4/1/02)

1954        Jul 5, The B-52A bomber made its maiden flight.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1954        Jul 15, The Boeing “Dash 80," a prototype of the 707, made its first test flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.17)

1954        Aug 3, The 1st VTOL (Vertical Take-off & Land) aircraft was flown.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1954        Aug 29, The SF International Airport’s (SFO) Terminal 2 opened with a ceremony led by Mayor Robinson. Mills Field became SF Airport.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.F8)

1954        Col. John Paul Stapp, an Air Force medical researcher, accelerated to 632 mph on a rocket powered sled in 5 sec. The sled then decelerated to a dead stop in 1.4 sec. with 40 times the pull of gravity.
    (SFC, 11/18/99, p.C7)

1954        In Lebanon Beirut Int’l. Airport opened. In 1998 a new $460 million airport was under construction.
    (WSJ, 4/6/98, p.A1)y

1955        Feb 26, G.F. Smith became the 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1955        May 21, The first transcontinental round-trip solo flight was completed.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1955        Jun 11, The 1st jet magnesium airplane was flown.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1955        Aug 4, The U-2 reconnaissance prototype made its first flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.17)

1955        Sep 17, A US Convair B-36 bomber took off from Carswell AFB, Texas, becoming the first aircraft in the world to fly with a nuclear reactor. Over the next 2 years the Convair Crusader made 47 flights.
    (AH, 2/03, p.51)

1955        In England Heathrow Airport’s Terminal 2 was completed.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.91)

1956        Jul 23, The Bell X-2 rocket plane set a world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1957        Jan 16, Three B-52's (accompanied at first by two spare aircraft) took off from Castle Air Force Base in California on the first nonstop, round-the-world flight by jet planes, which lasted 45 hours and 19 minutes.
    (AP, 1/16/07)

1957        Jan 18, A trio of B-52's completed the first nonstop, round-the-world flight by jet planes, landing at March Air Force Base in California after more than 45 hours aloft.
    (AP, 1/18/07)

1957        Apr 11, The Ryan X-13 Vertijet became the 1st jet to take-off and land vertically.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1957        May, Two US fighter planes were scrambled and ordered to shoot down an unidentified flying object (UFO) over the English countryside. This was only made public on Oct 20, 2008, when Britain made public secret files on UFOs.
    (Reuters, 10/20/08)

1957        Jul 16, Marine Maj. John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record when he flew a jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds.
    (AP, 7/16/97)

1958        Mar 25, Canada’s era of supersonic flight began, when pilot Jan Zurakowski took off from Malton Airport near Toronto in an Avro CF-105 Arrow for a 35-minute maiden flight. Less than a month later, Zurakowski flew the Arrow at Mach 1.5 at an altitude of 50,000 feet. In spite of the aircraft’s early promise, the Canadian government scrapped the project before the Arrow could be put into production.
    (HNPD, 8/21/00)

1958        Mar 29, Aerial circus star Clyde Pangborn died. He and playboy Hugh Herndon, Jr. complete the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean in 1931.
    (HN, 10/2/99)(ON, 1/03, p.10)

1958        May 7, Howard Johnson set an aircraft altitude record in F-104.
    (HN, 5/7/98)

1958        May 16, A man endured a record 82.6 G for .04 seconds on a water-braked rocket sled at Holloman Air Force Base. He was hospitalized for 3 days for recovery.
    (SFEC, 7/2/00, Z1 p.2)

1958        Jul, Soviet fighter planes shot down an RB-50G US reconnaissance plane over the east coast of the USSR. In 2002 William E. Burrows authored “by Any Means Necessary: America’s Secret Air War in the Cold War."
    (AH, 6/02, p.70)

1958        Aug 29, Air Force Academy opened in Colorado Springs, Colo.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1958        Oct 4, The first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.
    (AP, 10/4/97)

1958        Oct 26, Pan American Airways pilot Samuel H. Miller (d.2001 at 84) flew the first Boeing 707 passenger service jetliner from New York’s Idlewild Airport (later JFK) to Paris; the trip took eight hours and 41 minutes. 111 passengers flew aboard the Clipper America and a ticket cost $489.60. The plane was christened a week earlier by Mamie Eisenhower. The first New York London transatlantic jet passenger service was inaugurated by BOAC. [see Oct 4]
    (AP, 10/26/97)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W6)(HN, 10/26/98)(SFC, 9/12/01, p.A21)

1958        Dec 10, The first domestic passenger jet flight took place in the United States as a National Airlines Boeing 707 flew 111 passengers from New York City to Miami.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1958        Passenger service by air over the Atlantic exceeded passenger steamship crossings for the 1st time.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1959        Jun 8, The NASA rocket powered X-15 made its first glide flight.
    (http://history.nasa.gov/x15/chrono.html)

1959        Sep 15, Scott Crossfield (1921-2006) flew the rocket-powered X-15 faster and higher than any aircraft in history.
    (NPub, 2002, p.19)

1959        Sep 17, The North American Aviation X-15 rocket plane, piloted by Scott Crossfield, made its first powered flight.
    (SFC, 4/21/06, p.B9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Scott_Crossfield)

1959        Industrialist Henry Kremer offered the Kremer Prizes of £5,000 for the first man-powered aeroplane to fly a figure-of-eight course round two markers half-a-mile apart.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human-powered_flight)

1960        May 17, The YF4H-1 Phantom fighter and Douglas DC-8 were unveiled.
    (NPub, 2002, p.19)

1961        Apr 30, Eastern Airlines began the 1st shuttle flights began between Wash DC, Boston and NYC.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1961        May 26, A USAF bomber flew the Atlantic in a record of just over three hours.
    (HN, 5/26/98)

1961        Jul 24, A US commercial plane was hijacked to Cuba and began a trend.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1961        Nov 1, Pres. J.F. Kennedy signed executive order 10971 creating a board of three members to investigate a dispute between TWA and certain of its employees.
    (www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/jfkeo/eo/10971.htm)

1961        United Airlines merged with Capital Airlines and became the world’s largest commercial airline.
    (WSJ, 12/6/02, p.A1)

1962        Mar 5, The US Supreme Court in Griggs v. Allegheny County ruled that airports must compensate people living in the near vicinity for noise and vibrations.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/369/84/)

1962        Harvard Professor Richard Caves published a paper that used economic logic to show that price-regulation of airlines was unnecessary.
    (Econ, 10/4/14, p.92)
1962        American Airlines rolled out its proprietary computerized reservation system, Sabre.
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.70)

1963        May 18, It was reported that American Airlines has approved a new contract allowing its stewardesses to keep flying until they are 33, take a ground job when they reach 32, or retire at 32 with severance pay.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.46)

1963        Jun 27, USAF Major Robert A. Rushworth reached an altitude of 53.9 miles in the X-15.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_X-15)

1963        Aug 22, The X-15 aircraft set an altitude record of 67 miles.
    (NPub, 2002, p.20)

1964        Apr 17, Jerrie Mock (1925-2014) became the first woman to complete a solo airplane flight around the world. Her journey had begun on March 19 from Columbus, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D4)

1964        Apr, In Marin County, Ca., Danny Nowell (11) was caught by the hand on a hot-air balloon rope and went airborne for about 10 minutes and  2 miles before being rescued.
    (SFC, 10/20/09, p.A1)

1964        The US used an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) called the Firebee, a small jet-powered drone, for taking photographs over China. It was launched from another plane and released a parachute upon return for pickup by a helicopter. It was later used in the Vietnam war.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.23)

1966        Apr 13, Pan Am placed a $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s. The 747 jumbo jet revolutionized mass air transportation.
    (MC, 4/13/02)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1966        Jul 8, A US airline strike began and lasted until Aug 19th.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1967        Apr, Henry Hill (d.2012) completed his first major robbery when he and Thomas DeSimone, who was portrayed in an Oscar-winning performance by Joe Pesci in "Goodfellas" (1990), famously robbed Air France of a shipment of $420,000. Hill became an FBI informant following a 1980 arrest on a narcotics-trafficking charge, and testimony he delivered led to 50 arrests. Hill’s life story was documented in the book "Wiseguy" (1986) by Nicholas Pileggi.
    {Mafia, USA, France}
    (ABCNews, 6/12/12)

1967        Sep, The British, French and German governments signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to start development of the 300 seat Airbus A300 in order to compete with American companies. Airbus Industrie was formally set up in 1970.
    (www.absoluteastronomy.com/reference/airbus)

1967        Apr 9, The 1st Boeing 737 rolled out.
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1967        Trudy Baker, Rachel Jones and Donald Bain authored “Coffee, Tea or Me: The Uninhibited Memoirs of Two Airline Stewardesses." The pseudonymous author turned out to be a male airline publicist.
    (http://tinyurl.com/33hh6e)(Econ, 5/5/07, p.105)

1968        Jun 30, The Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, a large US Air Force transport plane, made its first flight.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-5_Galaxy)

1968        Jul 15, Commercial air travel began between US & USSR.
    (www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1968/1968%20-%201275.html)

1968        Aug 21, William Dana reached 81.53 km. in the last high-altitude X-15 flight.
    (http://pages.prodigy.net/pxkb94ars/Astro_X-15_Flights_9.htm)

1968        Sep 30, The 1st Boeing 747 was rolled out of the Everett, Wa., assembly building.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_747)

1968        Nov 23, Five Cubans hijacked a US B-727 jet, from Chicago to Cuba.
    (http://cuban-exile.com/doc_176-200/doc0180.html)

1968        Nov 24, Three Latins hijacked a US B-707 jet, from New York’s Kennedy Int’l. to Cuba. Pena Soltren, a US citizen, and two accomplices used weapons hidden in a diaper bag to hijack Pan Am Flight 281. In 2009 Luis Armando Pena Soltren (66) voluntarily returned to the same airport to surrender and face prosecution. On Jan 4, 2011, Soltren was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (http://cuban-exile.com/doc_176-200/doc0180.html)(AP, 10/12/09)(SFC, 1/5/11, p.A4)

1968        Dec 5, Eduardo Castera, a Latin successfully hijacked a B-727 from Tampa to Cuba.
    (http://cuban-exile.com/doc_176-200/doc0180.html)

1968        Dec 11, Two blacks successfully hijacked a DC-8 from St. Louis to Cuba.
    (http://cuban-exile.com/doc_176-200/doc0180.html)

1968        Dec 28, Israel attacked the Beirut Int’l. Airport, destroying 13 civilian planes. This was in response to an attack on an Israeli airliner in Athens by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968_Israeli_raid_on_Lebanon)

1968        Dec 31, The Soviet Union's TU-144, similar in appearance to the Concorde, made its 1st flight. The first Tu-144S production aircraft crashed at the 1973 Paris Air Show.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupolev_Tu-144)

1969        Feb 9, The Boeing 747, the world's largest airplane, made its 1st commercial flight. The Juan T. Trippe, named after the founder of Pan Am, was sold in 2000 to a South Korea couple, who transformed it into an aviation themed restaurant. The venture failed in 2005 and the plane was demolished in late 2010.
    (www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)(SFC, 12/13/10, p.A2)

1969        Mar 2, The Concorde jetliner's 1st test flight took place in Bristol, England.
    (www.xent.com/pipermail/fork/Week-of-Mon-20031013/026200.html)

1969        Apr 9, The maiden flight of Concorde 002 was from Filton to Bristol.
    (www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/objects/aeronautics/1977-45.aspx)

1969        Jun 4, A 22-year-old man sneaked into wheel pod of a jet parked in Havana & survived a 9-hr flight to Spain despite thin oxygen levels at 29,000 ft.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1969        Oct 5, Lieutenant Eduardo Guerra Jimenez, a Cuban defector, entered US air space undetected and landed his Soviet-made MiG-17 at Homestead Air Force Base near Miami, Florida, where the presidential aircraft Air Force One was waiting to return President Richard M. Nixon to DC.
    (www.missilesofkeywest.bravepages.com/penetrated.htm)

1969        Dec 12, PanAm signed for the first delivery of the new Boeing 747-100. Commercial service began Jan 21, 1970.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.21)(http://tinyurl.com/ye3vwv)

1969        Dec 30, The US Federal Aviation Administration certified the Boeing 747-100 for commercial service.
    (www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)

1969        Pan Am selected Najeeb Halaby (d.2003 at 87), former FAA head, as successor to chairman Juan Trippe. Halaby served 3 years as CEO. His daughter later became Queen Noor of Jordan.
    (SFC, 7/4/03, p.A25)
1969        Embraer SA, an aircraft maker, was founded by Brazil’s military dictatorship in an effort to develop an aviation industry. The company was privatized in 1994.
    (WSJ, 9/13/04, p.A8)(Econ, 9/11/10, SR p.10)
1969        In the Soviet Union Rostislav Belyakov (d.2014 at 94) became the MiG chief designer, succeeding the firm's founder, Artyom Mikoyan. He led the development of a family of MiG fighters, including MiG-23, MiG-25, Mig-29 and their versions, which have been the backbone of Soviet and then Russian air force.
    (AP, 3/1/14)

1970        Jan 21, The Boeing 747-100 made its 1st commercial transatlantic flight from NY to London. The plane was 231 feet long with a wing span of 195 feet. It could seat 400 people in a cabin 182 feet long.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.B5)(www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)

1970        Mar 25, The Concorde, an Anglo-French airplane, made its first supersonic flight.
    (HN, 3/24/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concorde)

1970        Apr 30, Yoshimi Tanaka and a group of students of the Red Army Faction, including Shiro Akagi, seized a Japan Airlines jet and flew to Pyongyang, N. Korea, in Japan's first ever case of air piracy. In 1996 Tanaka was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c4bk7)(AP, 6/5/07)(www.tkb.org/KeyLeader.jsp?memID=102)

1970        Aug 1,     W. Lain Guthrie (d.1997 at 84), a commercial airline pilot, refused to dump kerosene into the atmosphere as had been common practice. He kept his DC-8 on the ground and ordered the ground crew to drain the waste fuel from the previous flight. He was fired but other pilots supported him and he was reinstated and the industry stopped its dumping.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.D2)

1970        Sep 13, The supersonic airliner Concorde landed for the 1st time at Heathrow airport.
    (www.aviation-news.co.uk/concordeChronology.html)

1970        Oct 24, The X24A lifting body exceeded Mach 1. The X-24A was the Martin Corporation's subsonic test version of the US Air Force's preferred manned lifting body configuration. The lifting bodies were used to demonstrate the ability of pilots to maneuver and safely land wingless vehicles designed to fly back to Earth from space and be landed like an airplane at a predetermined site.
    (NPub, 2002, p.22)(www.dfrc.nasa.gov/Gallery/Movie/X-24A/index.html)

1970        Airbus Industrie was formally set up following an agreement between Aerospatiale (France) and Deutsche Aerospace (Germany). In 1971 it was joined by CASA (Spain). The name "Airbus" was taken from a nonproprietary term used by the airline industry in the 1960s to refer to a commercial aircraft of a certain size and range, as term was acceptable to the French linguistically.
    (www.absoluteastronomy.com/reference/airbus)

1971        Feb 4, Rolls-Royce collapsed due to rising development costs on the RB.211, the sole powerplant selected for the Lockheed TriStar.
    (http://widebodyaircraft.nl/chro1971.htm)

1971        Jun , Southwest Airlines, co-founded by Herbert Kelleher, made its 1st flight.
    (WSJ, 1/13/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/11/03, p.A6)

1971        May 20, The US Congress cancelled the supersonic SST airplane program.
    (WSJ, 7/26/00, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_2707)

1971        Nov 24, On Thanksgiving eve DB Cooper boarded Flight 305 in Portland, Or., and demanded $200,000 with the threat of a bomb. He parachuted from a Northwest Airlines 727 with the money over the Cascade Mountains near Ariel, Wash., and was never seen again. FBI agent  Ralph Himmelsbach wrote the book NORJAK that described the case. A packet containing $5,880 of the ransom money was found in 1980 on the north shore of the Columbia River, just west of the Washington city of Vancouver. In 2011 evidence was presented that Lynn Doyle Cooper (d.1999) of Oregon, a Korean war veteran, was the hijacker.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, Z1 p.5)(AP, 11/24/97)(SFC, 8/4/11, p.A8)

1972        Jan 26, A DC-9 exploded over Serbska Kamenice, Czechoslovakia, and attendant Vesna Vulovic dropped 33,300 feet and survived following a 27-day coma and a 16-month recovery. The cause of the explosion has never been established, but was attributed by the Yugoslav and Czechoslovakian authorities to a bomb placed on the plane by a Croatian Terrorist group, known as the Ustasa.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1 p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vesna_Vulovic)

1972        Feb 5, It was reported that the United States had agreed to sell 42 F-4 Phantom jets to Israel.
    (www.historynet.com/tdih0205.htm)

1972        Apr 7, Richard McCoy (1942-1974), Vietnam veteran and pilot, hijacked a United Air Lines jet and extorted $500,000 in copycat version of the DB Cooper crime. He parachuted into a Utah desert, but was caught with the money in his house and was sentenced to 40 years in prison. He escaped and died in a shootout with FBI agent Nicholas O’Hara in Nov, 1974.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, Z1 p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_McCoy,_Jr.)

1972        Apr 25, Hans-Werner Grosse (b.1922), German glider pilot, glided 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans-Werner_Grosse)

1972        May 8, A Belgian Sabena aircraft, bound for Tel Aviv, was hijacked by 4 Palestinians. At Lod Intl. 2 hijackers were shot and killed by Israeli military personnel, dressed as ground engineers. One passenger died 8 days later as a result of her wounds. The two women hijackers were subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.
    (www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Terrorism_Timeline_1972.Islam)

1972        May 30, Three militants of the Japanese Red Army staged a machine-gun and hand-grenade attack at the Lod Airport in Israel. 24 people were killed and a 100 injured. The terrorists found refuge in Lebanon until 1997 when they were arrested. Kozo Okamoto served 13 years of a life sentence in Israel. In 2000 Lebanon granted asylum to Kozo Okamoto. 4 other Japanese Red Army members were deported to Japan.
    (SFC, 2/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 3/18/00, p.A3)

1972        Jun 18, BEA Trident crashed after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118.
    (MC, 6/18/02)

1972        Jul 31, George Wright, dressed as a priest and using an alias, hijacked a Delta flight from Detroit to Miami with four other BLA members and three children. They released 86 other passengers in exchange for a $1 million ransom and forced the plane to fly to Boston. There an international navigator was taken aboard, and the plane was flown to Algeria, where the hijackers sought asylum. Wright's associates were tracked down, arrested, tried and convicted in Paris in 1976. In 2011 Wright (68) was arrested in Portugal.
    (www.edmontonsun.com/2011/09/27/us-fugitive-caught-after-41-years)

1972        Aug 21, The 1st hot air balloon flight over the Alps.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1972        Oct 26, Igor Sikorsky (b.1889), Ukraine-born helicopter pioneer, died in Connecticut.
    (HNPD, 10/27/98)(ON, 3/06, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Igor_Sikorsky)

1972        Oct 29, Hijackers of a German Lufthansa passenger jet demanded the release of the three surviving terrorists, who had been arrested after the Fürstenfeldbruck gunfight and were being held for trial. They forced West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Massacre.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_massacre)
1972        Oct 29, Charles A. Tuller, his 2 sons and William White Graham hijacked an Eastern Airlines jet from Houston and flew to Cuba 4 days after an abortive bank robbery in Arlington, Va. The robbery left 2 people dead in Arlington and a ticket agent dead in Houston. This was the second-to-last successful hijacking from the United States to Cuba before the signing of an anti-hijacking agreement between the two countries in February, 1973.
    (www.latinamericanstudies.org/hijackers/72-killings.htm)

1972        Nov 10, Hijackers diverted a jet to Detroit, demanding $10 million and ten parachutes.
    (HN, 11/10/98)

1972        Nov, Three hijackers threatened to crash a Southern Airways passenger flight after a stopover in Birmingham, Ala. They threatened to crash into a research reactor at Oak Ridge, Tenn. The airline turned over $ 2 million and a shootout took place in Orlando. The plane flew on to Havana where the hijackers were arrested for 8 years. They returned to Alabama in 1980 and received 20-25 year sentences.
    (USAT, 6/11/03, p.2B)

1972        Dec 5, The Nixon administration, in response to recent hijackings, ordered airports to screen every passenger with a metal detector, inspect the contents of carry-ones and station a local police officer or sheriff’s deputy at every one of the nation’s 531 major commercial facilities. In 2013 Brendan I. Koerner authored “The Skies Belong to Us: Love and Terror in the Golden Age of Hijacking."
    (SSFC, 6/30/13, p.F4)

1972        The Alaska Continental Development Corp. merged with the financially troubled Alaska Airlines. The airline soon became profitable in part due to the Alaska oil pipeline.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/6obvr7)

1973        Jan 29, Emily Howell Warner (b.1939) became the 1st woman pilot permanently employed by a commercial airline. Her first flight as co-pilot was on the Frontier Airlines DHC-6 Twin Otter August 1, 1974.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)(http://members.tripod.com/~LAMKINS/Emily_Howell_Warner.txt)

1973        Feb 15, The US and Cuba reached an anti-hijacking agreement.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A8)(www.historyofcuba.com/history/time/timetbl4.htm)

1973        Jul 20, The Japanese Red Army and Lebanese guerrillas hijacked a Japan Airlines plane over the Netherlands. The passengers and crew were released in Libya where the hijackers blew up the plane.
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)(www.cdi.org/friendlyversion/printversion.cfm?documentID=1771)

1973        Jul 27, Eddie Rickenbacker (b.1890), American WW I fighter pilot, died in Zurich. He and several associates bought Eastern Airlines in 1938 and guided it to become one of the most profitable airlines in the postwar era.
    (HNPD, 10/7/98)(www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=324)

1973        Sep 26, Concorde flew from Washington DC to Paris in 3hr. 33m.
    (www.concordesst.com/02.html)

1973        Nov 25, Three Palestinians hijacked a KLM B747 enroute to New Delhi to Abu Dhabi.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/incidents.html)

1974        Feb 22, Samuel Joseph Byck (1930–1974), an unemployed former tire salesman, attempted to hijack a plane flying out of Baltimore-Washington International Airport. He intended to crash into the White House in hopes of killing US President Richard M. Nixon. Byck killed pilot Fred Jones and a aviation officer George Neal Ramsburg before he was shot and wounded by gunfire through the door of a Delta DC-9 airplane. Byck then shot himself in the head.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Byck)

1974        Mar 8, Charles the Gaulle Airport (aka Roissy I) opened outside of Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Gaulle_International_Airport)

1974        Aug 26, Charles Lindbergh (72), the first man to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic, died at his home in Hawaii. Lindbergh had 3 illegitimate children in Germany with Brigitte Hesshaimer, a Munich hat maker. In 1998 A. Scott Berg authored "Lindbergh." Earlier Lindbergh's daughter authored her memoir "Under a Wing."
    (AP, 8/26/97)(SFEC, 11/15/98, Par p.29)(SSFC, 10/24/04, Par p.2)

1975        Apr 25, 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service began between Hong Kong and Macao.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1975        Tony Ryan (1921-2007), Irish-born aviation entrepreneur, set up Guinness Peat Aviation with money from Air Lingus, bankers in London and some of his own cash. GPA rented planes to airlines around the world. Its IPO in 1992 stumbled and General Electric Co. picked up most of the company at a bargain price.
    (WSJ, 10/6/07, p.A17)

1976        Apr 26, Pan Am began non-stop flights between NYC and Tokyo.
    (www.wingnet.org/rtw/rtw006hh.htm)

1976        May 24, Britain and France opened trans-Atlantic Concorde service to Washington. This was the 1st commercial supersonic transport (SST).
    (AP, 5/24/97)

1976        Jun 27, An Air France Airbus flight AF139, from Tel Aviv to Paris, was hijacked shortly after departing Athens and taken to Uganda.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_France)

1976        Jul 3, Israel launched its daring mission to rescue 103 passengers and Air France crew members being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers.
    (AP, 7/3/97)

1976        Jul 4, Jonathan Netanyahu, brother of Benjamin, led and was killed in an Israeli raid called Operation Thunderball that rescued the [105] hostages held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. The raid was by Sayeret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist unit led by Muki Betser, and it freed all but 3 of the 104 Israeli and Jewish hostages and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by pro-Palestinian hijackers. The events are described by Muki Betser and Robert Rosenberg in "Secret Soldier, The True Life of Israel’s Greatest Commando." 20 Ugandan soldiers, 1 Israeli officer, 3 hostages and 7 hijackers died. The hijacking was linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)(SFC, 7/16/96, p.E5)(AP, 7/4/97)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(HN, 7/4/98)

1976        Jul 27, Kakuei Tanaka, former PM (1972-1974) of Japan, was arrested for accepting a bribe from the US Lockheed Corp. Tanaka was convicted in 1983 but continued to fight the charges. A. Carl Kotchian (d.2008 at 94), a Lockheed salesman, had testified that Lockheed had paid $12.6 million in bribes to Japanese businessmen and government officials.
    (www.international.ucla.edu/eas/restricted/lockheed.htm)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(SFC, 12/24/08, p.B7)

1976        Jul 28, Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set a world air speed record of 3,530 kph.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1976        Sep 10, 5 Croatian terrorists captured a TWA-plane at La Guardia Airport, NY.
    (http://nycslav.blogspot.com/2005/11/croatian-terroristsin-new-york.html)

1976        PT Dirgantara Indonesia was founded as a state-owned company to produce prestige-enhancing aircraft.
    {Indonesia, Aviation}
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.57)

1977        Sep 26, Sir Freddie Laker began his cut-rate "Skytrain" service from London to NY. Laker airways collapsed into bankruptcy in 1982.
    (SSFC, 2/12/06, p.B8)(www.cnn.com/almanac/9709/26/)

1977        Aug 23, The Gossamer Condor 2 flew the first figure-of-eight, a distance of 2,172 meters winning the first Kremer prize at Minter Field in Shafter, California. It was built by Dr Paul B. MacCready and piloted by amateur cyclist and hang-glider pilot Bryan Allen.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gossamer_Condor)

1977        Oct 13, A Lufthansa Boeing 737, bound for Frankfurt, was hijacked by Palestinians shortly after take-off. The plane is diverted to Rome's Fiumicino Airport. Almost all of the passengers are German vacationers. "This is Captain Martyr Mohammed speaking," announces one of the hijackers to the Rome air-traffic controllers. "The group I represent demands the release of our comrades in German prisons [see Oct 18].
    (www.baader-meinhof.com/timeline/1977.html)

1977        Oct 18, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner that was on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers, Palestinians of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. In 1996 Suhaila al-Sayeh was sentenced to 12 years in prison by a German court.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.A17)(AP, 10/17/07)

1977        Nov 22, Regular passenger service between New York and Europe on the supersonic Concorde began on a trial basis.
    (AP, 11/22/97)

1978        Mar 14, Clayton Thomas (27) surrendered in Denver after hijacking United Flight 696 from SF.
    (SFC, 3/14/03, p.E8)

1978        Aug 17, The helium-filled balloon, Double Eagle II, crossed the Atlantic in 6 days. The first successful trans-Atlantic balloon flight ended as Americans Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman landed outside Paris.
    (AP, 8/17/97)(HN, 8/17/98)

1978        Sep 13, The US Navy's F-18 Hornet makes its public debut during rollout ceremonies in St. Louis, Mo.
    (www.boeing.com/defense-space/military/fa18/fa18_milestones.htm)

1978        Sep 15, Willy Messerschmitt (b.1898), German aircraft builder, died in Munich.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willy_Messerschmitt)

1978        Oct 24, Pres. Carter signed the Airline Deregulation Act. The main purpose of the act was to remove government control from commercial aviation and expose the passenger airline industry to market forces. Alfred Kahn (1917-2010) was the head of America’s Civil Aeronautics Board and the driving force behind the deregulation of air travel.
    (WSJ, 10/5/04, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airline_Deregulation_Act)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.67)

1978        Dec 11, Six masked men bound 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at NY Kennedy Airport & made off with $5.8 M in cash & jewelry. Nicholas Pileggi wrote "Wise Guys," which described his participation in the heist. The robbery inspired the movie "Goodfellas."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lufthansa_heist)(SFC, 5/10/97, p.A3)

1979        Jan 23, The USAF's 388th Tactical Fighter Wing at Hill AFB, Utah, became the first unit anywhere to receive the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Lockheed Corp. produced the F-16 fighter jet. It became the first production military aircraft to incorporate a fly-by-wire control system.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-1)(NPub, 2002, p.23)(www.f-16.net/timeline_1979.html)

1979        Jun 12, Cyclist Bryan Allen (26) flew the manpowered Gossamer Albatross across the English Channel. This was the first man powered craft to fly across the English Channel. The bicycle plane was designed by Paul MacCready (1925-2007).
    (Hem, Nov.'95, p.138)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 9/1/07, p.A4)

1979        Jun 20, Nikola Kavaja (d.2008 at 77) hijacked a US passenger jet with the intention of crashing it into Yugoslav Communist Party headquarters in Belgrade. He abandoned his hijack mission in Ireland, saying at the time he was not sure of the exact location of the downtown party office and did not want innocent civilians to die if the jet missed the target.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(www.nytimes.com/2008/11/12/world/europe/12kavaja.html)

1980        May 8, Maxie Anderson (45) and his son Kris (23) lifted off from Fort Baker in Marin Ct., Ca., in a helium-filled balloon to make the 1st transcontinental balloon crossing.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.F2)

1980        May 12, Maxie Anderson (45) and his son Kris (23) completed the 1st balloon crossing of the American continent as they landed their helium-filled balloon on Canada’s Gaspe Peninsula. Their journey began May 8 in Marin Ct., Ca.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.F2)

1980        Jun 10, A package bomb injured United Airlines Pres. Percy Wood at his home in Lake Forest, Ill. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)(www.courttv.com/trials/unabomber/bombings.html)

1981        Feb, John King (1917-2005), at the behest of PM Margaret Thatcher, became chairman of British Airways with a brief to clean the company up for privatization. Over the next 12 years he steered the company to profitability.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.54)(http://tinyurl.com/3xl527)

1981        Mar 2, A Pakistan Airways Boeing 720 was hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists. The passengers and crew were released March 15 in Syria.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/15/newsid_2818000/2818437.stm)

1981        May 1, American Airlines instituted the 1st "frequent flyer" program to keep customers returning.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)(http://tinyurl.com/2uvcut)

1981        May 26, 14 people were killed when a Marine jet crashed onto the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz off Florida.
    (AP, 5/26/97)

1981        Jul 7, The 1st solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, crossed the English Channel flying 163 miles from Paris to Canterbury. It was created by Dupont and Paul MacCready.
    (www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/news/FactSheets/FS-054-DFRC.html)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.88)

1981        Aug 3, US air traffic controllers (PATCO) went on strike, despite a warning from President Reagan they would be fired. Most of the 13,000 controllers defied Reagan’s order to return to work within 48 hours and were fired.
    (AP, 8/3/02)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1981        Oct 22, The Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) was decertified by the US federal government for its strike the previous August.
    (AP, 10/22/06)

1981        Nov 12, The Double Eagle V landed in California 84 hours and 31 minutes following its Nov 10 launch in Japan. It was the 1st balloon to cross the Pacific ocean. Rocky Aoki (1938-2008), founder of the Benihana steakhouse (1964), was part of the crew.
    (http://www.benihana.com/ballooning_history.asp)(SFC, 7/12/08, p.B5)

1982        Feb 5, Laker Airways, founded in 1966 by Sir Freddie Laker, collapsed owing $351M.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laker_Airways)

1982        May 12, Braniff Airlines ceased operations. N601BN "747 Braniff Place" made the very last Braniff flight from Hawaii to Dallas/Fort Worth on May 13.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braniff_Airways)

1982        Jul 2, Larry Walters (1949-1993), a Los Angeles truck driver, flew 16,000 feet into the air with 42 helium balloons attached to a lawn chair. Walters surprised an airline pilot, who radioed the control tower that he had just passed a guy in a lawn chair with a gun. The weapon was to shoot balloons and descend. Walters paid a $1,500 penalty for violating air traffic rules. Eleven years later, he committed suicide at age 44.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Walters)(SFC, 7/3/02, p.A17)(AP, 7/10/07)

1982        Aug 11, Pan Am flight 830 from Tokyo to Honolulu was bombed. The bombing was set in motion when Mohammed Rashed, wife Christine Pinter and their son traveled to Tokyo with fraudulent identification documents. Rashed tucked a bomb beneath window seat 47K, pulled the pin, engaged the timer and got off in Japan. Toru Ozawa (16), vacationing with his family, occupied the same seat on the next leg and was killed. 15 people were injured. In 1998 Mohammed Rashid, a Palestinian national, was turned over to the US by Egypt on charges related to the bombing. In 2002 Rashid pleaded guilty in exchange for a release date of March 20, 2013.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_Am_Flight_830)(AP, 3/17/13)

1982        Charles F. Ehret (1923-2007), a scientist at Argonne National Laboratory, released the “Argonne Anti-Jet-Lag Diet."
    (WSJ, 3/10/07, p.A4)
1982        Braniff Airlines, based in Dallas, ceased operations with $1 billion in debt. Harding Lawrence (d.2002 at 81) led the company from 1965-1980.
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.B5)
1982        The Pentagon acknowledged for the 1st time the existence of a "stealth" aircraft.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)
1982        A US federal law was passed that prohibited airport revenue from being transferred to local city general funds.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A11)

1983        Jun 2, A toilet caught fire on Air Canada's DC-9 and 23 died at Cincinnati.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1983        Jun 27, Maxie Anderson and Don Ida died during a balloon race.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1983        In Saudi Arabia the King Khalid Int'l. Airport opened in Riyadh and was touted as the largest in the world. One of the terminals was mothballed at opening and remained so in 2008.
    (WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A1)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.15)

1984        Mar, William Potts, on a Miami-bound Piedmont Airlines flight that originated in Newark, N.J., pushed his call button and gave the flight attendant a note saying he had two accomplices aboard with explosives. He hijacked the plane to Cuba, where he was arrested and served 13½ years in prison. In 2013 he returned to the US to face piracy charges.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oayj9do)(Reuters, 11/6/13)

1984        Jun 22, Richard Branson led the inaugural flight of his Virgin Airlines from London to Newark, NJ.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, SR p.10)

1984        Dec 4, A five-day hijack drama began as four armed men seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran, where the hijackers killed American passenger Charles Hegna.
    (AP, 12/4/04)

1984        Dec 9, In Iran a five-day hijack drama ended when Iranian commandos captured the Kuwaiti plane. 4 armed men had seized a Kuwaiti airliner en route to Pakistan and forced it to land in Tehran, where the hijackers killed American passenger Charles Hegna.
    (AP, 12/4/04)

1984        Dec 14, The maiden flight of NASA’s X-29, a forward swept wing aircraft, took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.24)

c1984    Air Serv International was founded to ferry humanitarian workers to world hot spots.
    (WSJ, 12/8/03, p.B1)

1985        Gulf Air, a joint venture between Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Oman and Qatar, decided to cut back its services to Dubai. This prompted Dubai to launch its own airline. The Emirates Airline began in the UAR with 2 rented planes and a $10 million investment from Dubai’s ruling family under the direction of Maurice Flanagan. In 2005 the state-owned operation planned to double its 73-plane fleet.
    (WSJ, 1/11/05, p.A1)(Econ, 6/5/10, p.75)

1985        Ryanair was founded by Cathal and Declan Ryan (after whom the company is named), Liam Lonergan (owner of an Irish tour operator named Club Travel), and noted Irish businessman Tony Ryan (1936-2007), founder of Guinness Peat Aviation and father of Cathal and Declan. The small airline, flying a short hop from Waterford to London, grew to become one of Europe's largest carriers.
    (WSJ, 10/6/07, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryanair)

1986        Sep 5, The Pakistan army stormed a hijacked US B-747 in Karachi and 22 people were killed. In 2001 Zayd Hassan Abd Al-latif Masud Al Safarini, jailed in Pakistan for 15 years, arrived in Alaska and was expected to face a 1991 indictment for the 1986 hijacking of a Pan Am jet. In 2003 Safarini pleaded guilty and agreed to 3 life sentences plus 25 years. On Jan 3, 2008, Pakistani authorities freed and deported four Palestinians convicted in the hijacking.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A4)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 1/3/08)

1986        Dec 23, The experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, completed the first non-stop, round-the-world flight without refueling as it landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
    (AP, 12/23/97)

1987        Mar, Britain’s PM Margaret Thatcher privatized BAA (British Airports Authority). From a lethargic government bureaucracy it grew to become a major airport operator.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1987)(WSJ, 9/24/96, p.A1)

1987        Apr 18, An unconscious skydiver was rescued by another diver in mid-air.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1987        Japan privatized Japan Airlines (JAL). By 2001 it required 3 state bailouts.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.76)

1988        Mar 20, Eight-year-old DeAndra Anrig found herself airborne when the string of her kite was snagged by an airplane flying over Shoreline Park in Mountain View, Calif. Not seriously hurt, she was lifted 10 feet off the ground and carried 100 feet until she let go.
    (AP, 3/20/98)

1988        Apr 23, A federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of two hours or less went into effect.
    (AP, 4/23/98)(WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)
1988        Apr 23, Greek cycling champion Kanellos Kanellopoulos pedaled a self-powered aircraft named Daedalus 88 for 74 miles. The MIT Aeronautics and Astronautics Department's Daedalus was a human-powered aircraft flew from Iraklion Air Force Base on Crete, Greece, crashing in the sea just short of the island of Santorini in 3 hours, 54 minutes. Daedalus 87 had crashed on Rogers Dry Lakebed on 17 February 1988, and was rebuilt as a backup.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIT_Daedalus)

1988        Jun 8, Nippon Airways announced that painting eyeballs on Jets cut bird collisions by 20%.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1988        Dec 2, The 5 gunmen, who hijacked Soviet Aeroflot jet, surrendered in Israel.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hkvkb)

1988        Tony Ryan, the founder of Guinness Peat Aviation, brought on Michael O’Leary to do whatever was necessary to make Ryanair profitable. In 2007 Alan Ruddock authored “Michael O’Leary: A Life in Full Flight."
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.76)

1989        Mar 3, Machinists struck Eastern Airlines and pilots honored the picket lines.
    (SC, 3/3/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Airlines)

1989        Mar 4, Eastern Airlines machinists went on strike and were joined by pilots and flight attendants.
    (AP, 3/4/99)

1989        Mar 5, Machinists striking Eastern Airlines withdrew an immediate threat to picket the nation's railroads, after a federal judge issued an order temporarily prohibiting rail workers from honoring the Eastern picket lines.
    (AP, 3/5/99)

1989        Mar 6, With nearly 90 percent of its pilots honoring the picket lines of striking machinists, Eastern Airlines shut down operations on all but three routes.
    (AP, 3/6/99)

1989        Mar 9, Eastern Airlines filed for bankruptcy.
    (HN, 3/9/98)

1989        May 12, The nation's largest airline computer reservation system, the American Airlines Sabre system, shut down for nearly 12 hours, disrupting the operations of thousands of travel agencies nationwide.
    (AP, 5/12/99)

1989        May 25, Eastern Airlines graduated its 1st class of non-union pilots.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1989        Jul 17, The controversial B-2 Stealth bomber underwent its first test flight at Edwards Air Force Base in California, two days after a technical problem forced a postponement.
    (AP, 7/17/99)

1989        Aug 13, 2 hot-air balloons crashed at Alice Springs, Australia, and 13 were killed.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1989        Nov 1, A Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) and Finnair ban on smoking took effect for all Nordic flights.
    (http://tc.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/13/suppl_1/i20)

1989        Nov 21, A law banning smoking on most domestic flights signed by President Bush.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gf6zq)

1989        Nov 22, Eastern Airlines pilots and flight attendants ended their strike. President Bush vetoed a bill that would set up panel to investigate walkout. The strike by machinists continued.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1989-11/1989-11-22-ABC-11.html)

1990        Apr 18, Bankruptcy court forced Frank Lorenzo (b.1940) to give up Eastern Airlines.
    (www.airlinesafety.com/Unions/UnionVictoryAtEastern.htm)

1990        Aug 20, Three former Northwest Airlines pilots were convicted in Minneapolis of flying while intoxicated.
    (AP, 8/20/00)

1990        Sep 29, The YF22 fighter, an American prototype fighter aircraft designed by Northrop and McDonnell Douglas, was first flown by Lockheed test pilot Dave Ferguson.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northrop_YF-23)

1990        Oct 11, The first flight of the X-31 took place. The collaborative US-German Rockwell-MBB X-31 Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability program was designed to test fighter thrust vectoring technology.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-31)

1990        Nov 11, In Myanmar Rangoon students Soe Myint and a friend hijacked a plane enroute from Bangkok to Yangon. They made it fly to Calcutta (later Kolkata) by pretending that a bar of soap inside a statuette was a bomb. Myint then launched a news service covering Myanmar from India using underground reporters.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kz4vs6d)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)

1990        Smoking was banned on US domestic flights 6 hours or less.
    (WSJ, 1/27/04, p.D12)
1990        Canada-based Bombardier took over American-based Learjet.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.23)

1991        Jun 19, Five Cubans stole and flew a Russian-made Antonov AN-2 biplane to Miami.
    (http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=82602&page=2#.T3eeOtnNlPs)

1991        Jun, Alaska Airlines began the 1st regularly scheduled service from the US to the Soviet Far East.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A4)

1991        Aug 27, The first flight of the YF23 V-22 Osprey tiltrotor took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)

1991        Sep 17, The first flight of the McDonnell Douglas C-17 military cargo transport took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.25)

1991        Dec 4, Pan American World Airways ceased operations. Pan Am’s records went to the Univ. of Florida and artifacts went to the Historical Museum of South Florida. However, a new, smaller version of Pan Am was later formed.
    (AP, 12/4/01)(SSFC, 11/4/07, p.A9)

1992        Jun 26, Supreme Court ruled that fund soliciting can be banned at airports.
    (MC, 6/26/02)

1992        Boeing and Airbus reached a truce whereby EU aid to Airbus was limited to a third of development costs and Boeing government subsidies to 4% of its turnover. The truce ended in 1998 as Airbus approached 50% of the market.
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.59)

1993        Nov 18, American Airlines flight attendants went on strike. They ended their job action four days later.
    (AP, 11/18/98)

1993        Nov, Wang Zhihua boarded a scheduled flight from Hangzhou to Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian province opposite Taiwan. He showed fake explosives to the crew, saying he had a bomb, and forced the plane to fly to Taiwan. In 2008 Wang was returned to China and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/5/08)

1994        Feb 10, Jeannie Flynn (b.1966)), the first female combat pilot in the US Air Force, finished flight training in the F-15.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n5ehhg)(NPub, 2002, p.26)

1994        Jun 7, Vicki Van Meter 912) of Meadville, Pa., completed a trans-Atlantic flight, landing in Glasgow, Scotland. She was accompanied by her flight instructor.
    (www.zinkle.com/p/articles/mi_m1590/is_n3_v51/ai_15823355)

1994        Jun, Carlo Toto, an Italian contractor, purchased a Boeing 737 at a court auction and began a small-charter airline service that became Air One.
    (WSJ, 9/24/04, p.A13)

1994        Jul 12, The shareholders and employees of United Airlines approved a deal giving the majority ownership to the employees (76,000+).
     (Hem, Dec. 94, p.13)

1994        Oct 31, An American Eagle French-built ATR-72, en route from Indianapolis to Chicago, crashed in Roselawn, Ind., and killed 68 people. In 1997 American Airlines and 7 other companies settled a suit filed by relatives for $110 million.
    (SFC, 9/23/97, p.A4)(AP, 10/31/97)

1994        An investor group led by Banco Bozano, Simonsen SA, bought the loss-ridden aircraft maker Embraer SA from the Brazilian government.
    (WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 9/13/04, p.A8)

1995        Feb 28, Denver International Airport opened after 16 months of delays and $3.2 billion in budget overruns. A $250 million automated baggage handling system contributed to the delays. United Airlines gave up on the system in 2005.
    (AP, 2/28/98)(WSJ, 6/7/05, p.D5)

1995        Nov, Air One launched service between Rome and Milan, a route on which Alitalia had held a monopoly.
    (WSJ, 9/24/04, p.A13)

1995        The US Predator surveillance drone was 1st used over Bosnia. In 2001 it was equipped with the hell-fire missile and used over Afghanistan. This unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flew as slowly as a Cessna.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A12)(Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.22)

1995        Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou (b.1967), a Greek-Cypriot-born British entrepreneur, founded  easyJet, a budget airline.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EasyJet)

1995        Mexico created Cintra, a holding company to rescue Aeromexico and Mexicana airlines.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.63)

1996        Jan 4, The Boeing Sikorsky Comanche helicopter was unveiled.
    (NPub, 2002, p.26)

1996        Aug 8, Frank A. Whittle (89), inventor of the Jet engine, died.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1996         Fokker went bankrupt, and the last new Fokker-50 was delivered to Ethiopian Airlines in May, 1997. Stork, another Dutch company, bought a large part of Fokker's assets, and continued to be a main provider of parts and service for Fokker planes.
    (AP, 2/10/04)

1997        May 5, American Airlines' pilots ratified a contract, ending nearly three years of negotiations.
    (AP, 5/5/98)

1997        May 10, In Britain Jennifer Murray and co-pilot Quentin Smith began a round-the-world helicopter trip in an effort to become the first woman to pilot the globe in a helicopter. She completed her flight on Aug 15.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A3)(SFC, 8/16/97, p.A11)

1997        May 17, The first flight of NASA’s subscale remotely piloted X-36 Tailless Fighter Agility Research Aircraft took place.
    (www.dfrc.nasa.gov/gallery/Photo/X-36/index.html)

1997        Jun 28, Robert Schuller, TV evangelist, attacked a flight attendant.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1997        Aug, Harry Stonecipher, CEO of McDonnell Douglas, negotiated a merger with Boeing.
    (WSJ, 3/7/05, p.A1)

1998        Apr 30, United and Delta airlines formed an alliance that would control one-third of all U.S. passenger seats.
    (AP, 4/30/99)

1998        May 10, The FAA grounded older models of the Boeing 737 after mandatory inspections of some aircraft found extensive wear in power lines through wing fuel tanks.
    (SFC, 5/11/98)(AP, 5/10/08)

1998        Jun 30, In Malaysia the new Kuala Lumpur Int’l. Airport (KLIA) began operations.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.T3)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.35)

1998        Sep 10, The Northwest Airlines and its pilots reached an agreement to end their 13-day strike.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)(AP, 9/10/99)
1998        Sep 10, Air Canada and its pilots reached an agreement to end a 9-day strike. [see Sep 14]
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)

1998        The Washington National Airport was renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Reagan_Washington_National_Airport)

1999        Mar 20, Balloonists Bertrand Piccard of Switzerland and Brian Jones of Britain became the first aviators to fly a hot-air balloon around the world nonstop. They established an around the world record after floating over Mauritania at 1:54 a.m. PST and won a $1 million prize from Anheuser-Busch as the first aviators to fly a hot-air balloon around the world nonstop.
    (SFEC, 3/21/99, p.A21)(AP, 3/20/00)

1999        May 31, It was reported that Mike Moshier (51), founder of Millennium Jet Inc. in Santa Clara, Ca., had developed the SoloTrek XFV, a single passenger flying vehicle, that could fly at 80 mph for up to 90 minutes as high as 10,000 feet on a single tank of 87-octane gas.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.E3)

1999        Jul 23, In Japan Yuzi Nishizawa (b.1970) attempted to hijack flight 61 from Tokyo and stabbed to death pilot Naoyuki Nagashima (51). The hijacker was overcome and the plane landed safely with 516 passengers. On March 23, 2005, Nishizawa was found to be guilty, but of unsound mind and thus only partly responsible for his actions. Presiding judge Hisaharu Yasui handed Nishizawa a life sentence in 2005.
    (SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ANA_Flight_61)

1999        Dec 6, SabreTech, an aircraft maintenance company, was convicted of mishandling the oxygen canisters blamed for the cargo hold fire that caused the 1996 ValuJet crash in the Everglades that killed 110 people. Eight of the nine counts were later thrown out on appeal.
    (AP, 12/6/04)

1999        Dec 20, Singapore Airlines agreed to buy a 49% stake in Richard Branson’s Virgin Atlantic.
    (www.iht.com/articles/1999/12/21/virgin.2.t.php)

1999        David Neeleman founded JetBlue Airways, an American low-cost airline. In Dec, 2008, he founded Azul (meaning blue), his Brazilian airline.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JetBlue)

1999        Jets began landing on the main island of the archipelago of Socotra, ruled by Yemen. Some 50,000 native Socotris spoke 4 dialects of an ancient language unintelligible to other Yemenis. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socotra)

2000        Jul 1, Canada and Russia began to allow regular commercial air flights over the North Pole.
    (WSJ, 6/8/00, p.A19)

2000        Jul 10, DASA (minus MTU) merged with Aerospatiale-Matra of France and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain to form the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS). DASA was founded as Deutsche Aerospace AG on May 19, 1989 by the merger of Daimler-Benz's aerospace interests (MTU, Dornier and two divisions of AEG). In July 1989 the two AEG divisions were themselves merged within Deutsche Aerospace to form Telefunken Systemtechnik (TST). In December 1989 Daimler-Benz acquired Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) and merged it into DASA.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DASA)

2000        Aug 15, British Airways joined Air France in grounding its Concorde supersonic jets in the wake of the July 25th crash near Paris that claimed 113 lives.
    (SFC, 8/16/00, p.A17)(AP, 8/15/01)

2000        Sep 15, The new San Francisco Int’l. Terminal opened at a cost of $950 million. SFO operations at Terminal 2 ceased in December as part of a $2.5 billion airport master plan.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A15)(SFC, 5/13/08, p.D4)

2001        Jan 10, American Airlines (AMR) called its plan to acquire Trans World Airlines (TWA) beneficial to consumers. TWA’s board approved plans for bankruptcy and accept the buyout offer. TWA had used St. Louis as a hub.
    (WSJ, 1/11/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.37)

2001        Jan, In Brazil Gol Airlines was launched by the Constantino family, which ran a fleet of buses. Employee owned Varig had 40% of the market, but was crumbling under competition from TAM. Varig went into bankruptcy in 2005.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.76)

2001        Aug 10, A tourist helicopter crashed near the Grand Canyon and 6 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A8)

2001        cAug 26, In the French Alps a hot-air balloon caught fire after apparently hitting a high voltage wire and 6 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 8/27/01, p.A1)

2001        Sep 11, Two planes left Boston’s Logan Airport. Both planes were hijacked and flown into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. In the same morning, another plane left Dulles International Airport in Virginia. It was hijacked, turned around and flown into the Pentagon building. A fourth plane from Newark Airport in New Jersey was hijacked and steered back  toward Washington, D.C. It crashed in rural Pennsylvania after people on board tried to stop the hijackers. Four groups of terrorists used knives, hijacked 4 airplanes, and were linked to Osama bin Laden’s al Qaeda organization. The terrorist attacks threatened to prompt a global recession. Thousands of people were stranded and air cargo was paralyzed as the FAA grounded all US flights. (http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/09/11/chronology.attack/)
    8:45 am EST: American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 carrying 92 people, crashed into the North tower of the World Trade Center in NYC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.
    9:03 am EST: United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 carrying 65 people, crashed into the South Tower of the WTC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.
    9:38 am EST: American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Va. It was enroute from Washington DC to LA.
    9:40 am EST The FAA grounded all domestic flights and ordered all airborne craft to land immediately.
            9:43 am EST: American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. It was enroute from Washington, D.C. to Los Angeles, California
    10:00 am EST The South Tower of the WTC collapsed.
    10:10 am United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 carrying 45 people, crashed southeast of Pittsburgh. The plane had left Newark for SF but was believed to be directed by hijackers to Camp David. Passengers appeared to have overcome the hijackers. In 2002 it was reported that Congress was the target.
    10:29 am EST The North Tower of the WTC collapsed.
            1:04 pm EST: President George W. Bush puts the U.S. military on “high alert."
    5:25 pm EST: Building 7 of the WTC complex collapsed.
            8:30 pm EST: President George W. Bush, in a televised address, vowed to find those responsible for the attacks.
    In 2005 NYC said it was unable to identify the remains of 1,161 of the 2,749 people killed in the Sep 11 attacks. The ultimate death toll would be: 2,797 at the World Trade Center Towers, 189 killed at the Pentagon and 44 died in Pennsylvania … a total of 3,030.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.A6,10,12)(WSJ, 9/12/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/6/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 9/12/01, p.A1,3) (WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)
2001        Sep 11, Rick Rescorla, security chief at Morgan Stanley, evacuated 2,700 MS employees from the WTC and was killed trying to save others. In 2002 James B. Stewart authored "Heart of a Soldier," a biography of Rescorla.
    (WSJ, 9/11/02, p.D10)
2001        Sep 11, World leaders expressed outrage at terrorist attacks in NYC and the Pentagon and pledged solidarity with the US. In the West Bank town of Nablus, some 3,000 people celebrated the attacks and chanted "God is great." Later the estimates of the WTC dead dropped to 4,396. In 2004 the count was reduced to 2,749.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/3/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/21/01, p.A2)(USAT, 10/30/03, p.7A)(WSJ, 1/26/04, p.A1)
2001        Sep 11, Peter Alderman (25) was among those murdered by terrorists while attending a conference at the World Trade Center. His parents later established the Peter C. Alderman Foundation in his name to alleviate the suffering of victims of terrorism and mass violence in post-conflict countries by providing physicians and other indigenous caregivers with the tools to treat mental anguish using Western medical therapies combined with local healing traditions.
    (www.petercaldermanfoundation.org/about/index.html)

2001        Oct 2, Cash-strapped Swissair shut down flight operations and stranded thousands of passengers around the globe.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.D3)

2001        Oct 4, Reagan National Airport re-opened.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A15)
2001        Oct 4, Swissair resumed flying following a 2-day shut down propped by a $281 million Swiss government loan. [see Jan 31, 2002]
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.B4)

2001        Dec 22, Passengers and flight attendants subdued Richard Colvin Reid on AA Flight 63 from Paris to Miami. He appeared to have explosive materials in his shoes. The flight was diverted to Boston and the FBI confirmed that his shoes were packed with explosives. Reid had trained with Lashkar-e-Taiba. French police identified the man as Tariq Raja (28), a Sri Lankan traveling on a British passport. The sneakers contained pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and triacetone triperoxide (TATP). On Jan 30, 2003 Reid was sentenced to life in prison. A 2nd plot involved Saajid Badat, who backed out of similar plan on a different flight. In 2005 a British judge sentenced Badat (25) to 13 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A1,6)(SFC, 1/31/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/23/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)

2001        Dec, Airbus announced the development of a huge double-decker jet, the A-380, capable of carrying up to 1,000 passengers.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

2001        Tony Fernandez (b.1964), Malaysian entrepreneur, acquired AirAsia and soon re-launched it as a low-cost domestic carrier with 2 B737 planes purchased from a Malaysian conglomerate. Ryanair signed on with a 5% stake. By 2009 the company had 76 planes. By the end of 2004 the low cost airline planned to have 30 planes.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.63)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.35)(Econ, 3/21/09, p.72)(http://tinyurl.com/cxf3hz)

2001        Braathens, a Norwegian airline, was taken over by the SAS Group, partly owned by the governments of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. It merged with SAS in 2004.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braathens)

2002        Jan 31, Crossair, a regional carrier and successor airline to the bankrupt Swissair, announced plans that will make it Europe's 4th largest international airline, under the new name Swiss.
    (EB, 2002, p.11)(Econ, 2/14/04, p.10)

2002        Jul 10, A unified US Senate approved harsh new penalties for corporate fraud and document-shredding as part of an accounting oversight bill. The House approved, 310-113, a measure to allow pilots to carry guns in the cockpit to defend their planes against terrorists. President George W. Bush later signed the measure into law.
    (AP, 7/10/07)

2002        Aug 11, US Airways, the 6th largest US airline, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
    (SFC, 8/12/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 13, American Airlines said it would eliminate 7,000 and cut flights.
    (AP, 8/13/03)

2002        Sep 2, Glenn Tilton was named chairman, president and chief executive officer of United Airlines parent UAL Corp.
    (AP, 9/2/03)

2002        Nov 28, In Kenya 3 suicide bombers attacked an Israeli-owned hotel, killing 13 other people. Gunmen fire two MANPADS at a Boeing jet carrying 271 passengers and crew as it took off from Mombasa, Kenya. Both missiles missed.
    (AP, 11/28/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/11/13)

2002        Dec 4, A US federal board rejected a 1.8 billion loan guarantee for United Airlines.
    (SFC, 12/5/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/5/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 9, United Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and reported losses of $20 million a day.
    (SFC, 12/9/02, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/02, p.A1)

2002        Christopher Chant authored "A Century of Triumph: The History of Aviation."
    (WSJ, 11/1/02, p.W10)
2002        Losses for the 9 biggest US airlines totaled 11.2 billion for the year.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R8)
2002        PT Dirgantara Indonesia won a contract to produce wing parts for the Airbus A380.
    {Indonesia, Aviation}
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.57)

2003        Jan 15, Lufthansa introduced Internet access to passengers on a flight from Germany to Washington DC.
    (SFC, 1/15/03, p.B1)

2003        Mar, Hooters Air started flying between Atlanta and Myrtle Beach.
    (Econ, 6/28/03, p.65)

2003        Mar 19, A Cuban airliner was hijacked to Key West. 6 hijackers took control of the plane without telling the 25 passengers and six crew members about their asylum plans. The six were later convicted of federal hijacking charges.
    (SFC, 3/20/03, p.A15)(AP, 3/19/04)

2003        Mar 24, The National Transportation Safety Board concluded that Boeing 737 rudder problems caused two fatal airline crashes and nearly triggered a third.
    (AP, 3/24/04)

2003        Apr 1, In the second hijacking of a Cuban plane in as many weeks, a hijacker claiming to have two grenades surrendered an hour after forcing the aircraft to land in Florida with 32 people aboard. Adermis Wilson Gonzalez was convicted of air piracy and sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/2/03)(AP, 3/24/14)
2003        Apr 1, Air Canada filed for bankruptcy protection.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R9)

2003        May 31, Air France planned to ground its last 5 Concorde airplanes. The Air France Concorde, the world's fastest and most luxurious passenger jet, flew from New York to Paris for the last time.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.B5)(AP, 5/30/03)(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.A2)

2003        Jun 12, Air France turned the oldest of its Concordes over to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2003        Aug 12, A balsa-mylar model airplane set a long distance flight record of 1,888.3 miles as it landed in Ireland from Newfoundland.
    (WSJ, 8/13/03, p.A1)

2003        Aug 29, The board of Air France approved a deal to combine with Dutch KLM under a holding company to form the world's #3 airline.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)

2003        Aug, Vietnam took possession of the 1st of 4 new Boeing 777-200 ER jetliners purchased in part with a loan from the Export-Import Bank of the US.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.I6)

2003        Oct 8, Vietnam and the United States tentatively agreed to allow the first commercial flights between the two countries since the end of the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 10/8/03)

2003        Oct 24, British Airways retired the Concorde. 3 Concordes swooped into Heathrow Airport, joining in a spectacular finale to the era of luxury supersonic jet travel.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/24/03)

2003        Nov 22, A DHL Airbus cargo jet transporting mail in Iraq was struck and damaged by a MANPAD. Though hit in the left fuel tank, the plane was able to return to the Baghdad airport and land safely.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2003        Dec 1, Boeing Company chairman and CEO Phil Condit resigned unexpectedly. Boeing was involved in a series of procurement violations that also led to the firing of CFO Michael Sears, who ended up serving time in prison for illegal employment negotiations. In 2006 Boeing agreed to pay $615 million to end 3 years of Justice Department investigations.
    (AP, 12/1/04)(WSJ, 5/15/06, p.A1)

2003        Dec, Dennis Montgomery, a California computer programmer, reported that hidden in the crawl bars broadcast by Al Jazeera, someone had planted information about specific American-bound flights from Britain, France and Mexico that were hijacking targets. CIA officials rushed the information to Pres. Bush, who ordered those flights to be turned around or grounded before they could enter American airspace. Montgomery had patented computer codes that he claimed could find terrorist plots hidden in broadcasts of Al Jazeera. His codes were later believed to be fake. In 2011 Montgomery faced charges of trying to pass $1.8 million in bad checks at Las Vegas casinos.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/5rur55y)

2003        The Int’l. Civil Aviation Association (ICOA) issued technical specifications for passports to contain an integrated circuit to be activated by a radio signal to broadcast stored data.
    (Econ, 2/19/05, p.75)

2003        The cost of ultralights fell to under $20,000.
    (Econ, 8/9/03, p.66)

2003        Abu Dhabi launched its Etihad airline by royal decree. In 2004 it made an $8 billion order for new airplanes.
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.76)

2003        Afghanistan 1st private airline, Kam Air, was launched.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.35)

2003        Captain G.R. Gopinath launched Air Deccan, India’s 1st low-cost airline.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)

2004        Jan 12, It was reported that a new US Homeland Security program planned to screen airline passengers according to a color code based on computerized data.
    (SFC, 1/13/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 3, Singapore Airlines began 18½ hour non-stop flights to Los Angeles.
    (USAT, 2/5/04, p.1B)

2004        Jun 4, Virgin USA chose SFO as its home base.
    (SFC, 6/5/04, A1)

2004        Sep 12, US Airways filed for bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 9/13/04)

2004        Sep 30, Officials at US 115 int’l. airports and 14 seaports began photographing and electronically fingerprinting travelers from 27 industrialized nations.
    (SFC, 10/1/04, p.A3)

2004        Dec 24, The Comair computer system crashed after it was overwhelmed by cancellations and delays due to winter storms in the Ohio Valley. Comair was forced to cancel all of its 1,100 flights the next day. US AIR cancelled numerous flights and baggage problems rippled through its system for days.
    (SFC, 12/27/04, p.A3)

2004        Dana Bell and Norman Polmar authored “One Hundred Years of World Military Aircraft."
    (www.historynet.com/one-hundred-years-of-world-military-aircraft-book-review.htm)
2004        Stephen Budiansky authored "Air Power," a history of military aviation.
    (WSJ, 4/12/04, p.D8)
2004        Alastair Gordon authored “Naked Airport: A Cultural History of the World’s Most Revolutionary Structure."
    (SSFC, 9/5/04, p.M1)
2004        In India the low-cost GoAir airline was founded. By 2014 it had 19 aircraft and a 9.2% national market share.
    (Econ, 11/29/14, p.58)

2005        Jan 18, In France Airbus unveiled the 840-passenger A380, the world's biggest passenger jet, in a glitzy ceremony in which the leaders of France, Britain, Germany and Spain hailed Europe's victory over the US as the new king of the commercial skies.
    (AP, 1/18/05)

2005        Jan 20, Delta Airlines reported a record $5.2 billion loss for 2004.
    (SFC, 1/21/05, p.C1)

2005        Feb 15, The Falcon 7X, a business jet designed and built by the French aviation company  Dassault, was displayed for the first time. It was the first plane to be digitally modeled in 3-dimensions and required no prototype.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.78)(http://tinyurl.com/lxlgt2)

2005        Mar 11, Canada’s Jetsgo announced in the dead of night that it was going out of business and grounding all flights immediately as thousands of passengers prepared to jet away for March break, one of the busiest travel periods of the year.
    (AP, 3/11/05)

2005        Mar 17, Italian airline Alitalia SpA said that the latest strike by flight attendants could plunge the struggling carrier into bankruptcy.
    (AP, 3/17/05)

2005        May 20, US Airways and America West merged in a $1.5 billion deal.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.C1)

2005        Jun 13, The Paris Air Show opened. The Russian Lavochkin Association demonstrated a new escape pod for people trapped in tall, burning buildings.
    (Econ, 6/11/05, p.60)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.81)

2005        Jun 19, A new, domestic French low-cost airline, Air Turquoise, took to the skies, opening budget routes from the northeast city of Reims to Bordeaux, Marseille and Nice.
    (AP, 6/19/05)

2005        Jul 21, Airbus said it has received an order for 20 of its twin-aisle A330 passenger jets from Air China, in a deal worth about 3.2 billion euros ($3.9 billion) at list prices.
    (AP, 7/21/05)

2005        Oct 10, Japan's space agency conducted a test flight of a supersonic jet prototype in the Australian Outback.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Nov 19, President Bush arrived in Beijing for talks with Chinese leaders following the APEC meeting in South Korea. A US official said China will buy 70 Boeing 737 airliners as President Bush arrived on a visit expected to include discussion of Beijing's surging trade surplus with the US.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(AP, 11/19/06)

2005        Nov 29, CINTRA sold Mexicana airlines and its subsidiary, Click Mexicana, to the Mexican hotel chain Grupo Posadas for USD$165.5 million.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexicana_de_Aviaci%C3%B3n)

2005        In India Vijay Mallya, chairman of Bangalore based United Breweries, launched Kingfisher Airlines, named after UB’s best-selling beer.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.64)

2006        Feb 9, Sir Freddie Laker (83), pioneer of low-cost airline travel, died in Florida.
    (WSJ, 2/11/06, p.A1)

2006        Feb 11, Adventurer Steve Fossett completed the longest nonstop flight in aviation history, flying 26,389 miles in about 76 hours, but he had to land early in southern England because of mechanical problems.
    (AP, 2/11/06)

2006        Mar 27, Malaysia’s government said it will end subsidies to flag carrier Malaysia Airlines and let it operate only 19 domestic routes, in competition with budget carrier AirAsia, under a major restructuring that will shed thousands of jobs.
    (AP, 3/27/06)

2006        Apr 10, Mexican soldiers seized 128 suitcases packed with 5.6 metric tons of cocaine worth more than $100 million from a commercial plane arriving from Venezuela. Smugglers had purchased the DC-9 plane with laundered funds transferred through US banks Wachovia Corp. and Bank of America. In 2010 court papers said a gang under Walid Makled operated the DC-9 and flew the cocaine from Simon Bolivar International to Campeche, Mexico. Makled was arrested Aug 19, 2010 in Colombia in the border city of Cucuta. In Nov 2010 Colombia denied an extradition request for Makled by the US, saying that the suspect will be sent back to face charges in his home country.
    (AP, 4/12/06)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.D1)(AP, 11/17/10)

2006        Jul, In Spain employees of the airline Iberia blocked Barcelona runways over a new baggage check arrangement. In 2011 Spain’s Supreme Court confirmed 2-year prison sentences for 23 employees whose actions affected some 600 flights leaving 100,000 passengers stranded.
    (SFC, 1/29/11, p.A2)

2006        Oct 3, A Turkish Airlines plane carrying 113 people from Albania to Istanbul landed in Italy where a Turkish man surrendered and released all the passengers unharmed. The Turkish army deserter who hijacked the airliner sought asylum because he feared persecution in his Muslim homeland after his conversion to Christianity and wanted Pope Benedict XVI's protection.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/3/07)

2006        Oct 29, Libya took delivery of a Boeing jetliner for the first time in 30 years after the privately owned Buraq Air airline bought six of the US-made aircraft.
    (AFP, 10/28/06)

2006        Nov 15, US Airways Group Inc. made an $8 billion cash and stock bid for Delta Air Lines Inc., a deal that would create one of the world's largest carriers. The move came despite Delta's repeated statements it isn't interested in a merger.
    (AP, 11/15/06)

2006        Representatives of twenty or more airlines were caught conspiring to fix prices on int’l. cargo services. The airlines were forced to pay over $3 billion in penalties.
    (SFC, 4/21/14, p.67)
2006        Boeing developed its Large Cargo Freighter, a converted 747, to handle large cargo for its new 787 Dreamliner. The makeover was performed in Taiwan.
    (WSJ, 1/8/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 15, JetBlue Airways Corp. tried to calm a maelstrom of criticism, after passengers were left waiting on planes at a NY airport for as long as 11 hours during a snow and ice storm.
    (AP, 2/15/07)
2007        Feb 15, A fast-thinking pilot with passengers in cahoots fooled hijacker Mohamed Abderraman, a 32-year-old Mauritanian, by braking hard upon landing in Gran Canaria, then accelerating to knock the man down. When he fell, flight attendants threw boiling water in his face, and about 10 people pounced on him.
    (AP, 2/16/07)

2007        Feb 28, European airliner maker Airbus told unions that it would dispose of six factories and switch some work from France to Germany under a plan costing some 10,000 jobs.
    (AP, 2/28/07)
2007        Feb 28, Indonesia said it is planning to ban local carriers from operating jetliners more than 10 years old as part of a safety campaign following a string of crashes and accidents.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 1, India’s government approved a proposal to merge 4 state-owned air-carriers in order to make them more competitive.
    (Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)

2007        Mar 16, JetBlue canceled 215 flights because of a winter storm on the East Coast. The storm was blamed for as many as a dozen deaths and forced more than 3,600 flight cancellations.
    (AP, 3/16/07)(WSJ, 3/19/07, p.A1)

2007        Mar 30, Authorities arrested a man armed with a knife who hijacked a Sudan Airways plane while flying from Libya to Sudan.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Apr 15, Airlines canceled over 400 flights in the NYC area as a hard-blowing nor'easter gathered strength along the East Coast. The storm out of the Great Plains was already blamed for 5 deaths.
    (AP, 4/15/07)(SFC, 4/16/07, p.A4)

2007        Apr 30, Delta Air Lines emerged from bankruptcy after 19 months in Chapter 11.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.84)

2007        Jun 2, Four Muslim men were arrested and in connection to a plan to set off explosives in a jet fuel line that feeds John F. Kennedy International Airport and runs through residential neighborhoods. Two men allegedly involved in a plot to attack New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport were in custody in Trinidad and Tobago and the police commissioner said authorities were scouring the Caribbean country for a third suspect still at large. In 2011 Kareem Ibrahim (65) of Trinidad was found guilty of convincing plotters to seek aid from Iran.
    (AP, 6/2/07)(AP, 6/3/07)(AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A6)

2007        Jun 9, Boeing and Aeroflot signed a deal for the Russian carrier to acquire 22 Dreamliner jets from the American plane maker.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 18, In France Airbus racked up a series of big orders at the opening of the Paris Air Show. Airbus announced that it had booked firm orders or letters of intent to order for 339 aircraft, a record figure, for a value of 45.7 billion dollars (34.1 billion euros) at catalogue prices.
    (AP, 6/18/07)(AFP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jun 19, International Lease Finance Corp., the world's largest airline leasing company, ordered 63 Boeing jets with a total list price of $8.8 billion.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

2007        Jul 9, The EU's top justice official said EU citizens will be protected by the US Privacy Act under an anti-terror deal with Washington on the sharing of trans-Atlantic air passenger data.
    (AP, 7/10/07)

2007        Jul 7, In Oregon Kent Couch (47) in his lawn chair with some snacks and a parachute rose to the sky under 105 large helium balloons. Nearly 9 hours later the gas station owner came back to earth in a farmer's field near Union, 193 miles from home. In September he had got off the ground for six hours.
    (AP, 7/10/07)

2007        Aug 1, A financial watchdog said British Airways has been fined a record 121.5 million pounds (180 million euros, $246 million) after admitting collusion with Virgin Atlantic over fuel surcharges on tickets. British Airways and Korean Air (for collusion with Lufthansa) agreed to pay $300 million each in fines and plead guilty to federal charges that they colluded with other airlines to set ticket prices. In 2012 the fine against BA was reduced to £58.5 million.
    (AFP, 8/1/07)(SFC, 8/2/07, p.C2)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.48)(AFP, 4/19/12)

2007        Aug 8, Virgin America, part of Richard Branson’s Virgin Group, made its inaugural flight from JFK to San Francisco. For the first nine months of 2008 Virgin announced a $174.5 million loss on $259 million in revenue.
    (SFC, 1/3/11, p.D2)

2007        Aug 27, Opera Romana Pellegrinaggi, a Vatican-backed charter airline service, made its inaugural flight, aiming to carry pilgrims to such Catholic shrines as Lourdes, Fatima, Santiago de Compostela and the Holy Land.
    (AP, 8/27/07)

2007        Aug 28, Paul MacCready (b.1925), designer of the Gossamer Albatross, died in California. His bicycle powered plane crossed the English Channel in 1979. He founded AeroVironment in 1971 to monitor air pollution.
    (www.sas.org/maccready.htm)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.88)

2007        Sep 2, Temasek, Singapore’s state-owned investment company, said it would take a 8.3% stake in China Eastern Airlines and Singapore Airlines announced a 15.7% stake.
    (Econ, 9/29/07, p.68)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China_Eastern_Airlines)

2007        Sep 4, Steve Fosset (63), tycoon turned record seeker, disappeared in Nevada after flying from the Flying M Ranch, owned by billionaire Baron Hilton. In 2002 Fosset became the 1st person to fly around the world in a balloon.
    (SFC, 9/5/07, p.A8)(SFC, 9/15/07, p.A1)

2007        Sep 8, It was reported that China has 126 airports, 57 of which can handle private planes. This was compared to 500 airports in the US that can handle big commercial airliners, and some 10,000 that handle smaller planes.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.69)

2007        Sep 26, Russia unveiled its regional 95-seat Superjet-100, a government-backed effort to re-energize the country's ailing aviation industry and get into a market now dominated by Bombardier and Embraer.
    (AP, 9/26/07)

2007        Sep 28, Traveler Carol Anne Gotbaum of New York died in a holding cell at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix; authorities say Gotbaum accidentally asphyxiated herself after being chained to a bench.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

2007        Oct 3, Tony Ryan (b.1936), Irish-born aviation entrepreneur and co-founder of Ryanair (1985), died.
    (WSJ, 10/6/07, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryanair)

2007        Oct 15,     Airbus finally delivered its first A380 superjumbo jet. Singapore Airlines took delivery of the double-decker jet, the world's largest passenger plane, almost two years late.
    (AP, 10/15/07)

2007        Oct 25, An Airbus 380, the world's largest jetliner, made aviation history, completing its first commercial flight from Singapore to Sydney with 455 passengers, some of them ensconced in luxury suites and double beds.
    (AP, 10/25/07)

2007        Oct 27, Queues of frustrated, angry passengers built up at main French airports as Air France cancelled scores of flights on the third day of a strike by cabin staff.
    (AP, 10/27/07)

2007        Nov 12, Airbus said it was building a custom, 380 VIP double-decker jet for Saudi Prince Alwaleed bin Talal with a price tag of over $320 million.
    (AP, 11/12/07)

2007        Nov 27, Cessna said it will turn over complete production of its new Cessna 162 SkyCatcher to a Chinese partner. The base price of the plane will be $109,500.
    (WSJ, 11/28/07, p.A14)

2007        Dec 13, Lufthansa AG said it is paying $300 million for a 19% stake in JetBlue Airways.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.D3)

2007        Dec 21, China's first fully homegrown commercial aircraft, the 70-seat ARJ21, rolled off the production line, marking a potential milestone for the country's aviation program. Its first test flight was set for 2008.
    (AP, 12/21/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ACAC_ARJ21)

2007        Kathleen M. Barry authored “Femininity in Flight: A History of Flight Attendants."
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.105)

2008        Feb 8, In New Zealand a knife-wielding woman (33), originally from Somalia, tried to hijack a regional domestic flight, stabbing both pilots and threatening to blow up the twin-propeller plane before she was subdued.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Feb 14, Boeing and India's Tata Industries announced an agreement to set up a joint venture company to handle an initial 500 million dollars of defense-related aerospace component work in India.
    (AFP, 2/14/08)

2008        Feb 24, The first flight by a commercial airline to be partly powered by biofuels took off from London on a short trip to Amsterdam billed as heralding a new eco-friendlier era of airline travel.
    (AFP, 2/24/08)

2008        Mar 15, Alitalia, Italy’s state-owned national airline, accepted a takeover offer worth $217 made by air France-KLM, a French-Dutch airline group. The Italian government accepted the offer on March 17.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.73)

2008        Mar 25, Air travel between Georgia and Russia resumed, more than 17 months after Moscow suspended flights because of tension between the ex-Soviet neighbors.
    (AP, 3/25/08)

2008        Mar 28, British Airways Plc cancelled a fifth of flights from its new $8.6 billion terminal at London's Heathrow airport as chaos from its shambolic opening spilled into a second day.
    (AP, 3/28/08)

2008        Mar 29, British Airways said that it was canceling more flights to and from London Heathrow airport's new Terminal 5 for a third day running because of logistical problems.
    {Britain, Aviation}
    (AFP, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar 31, Hawaii’s Aloha Airlines ended passenger service after today due to competition and rising fuel prices.
    (SFC, 3/31/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 1, In France the stockmarket watchdog Autorite des Marches Financiers (AMF) filed a formal complaint against the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company, the parent company of Airbus, and more than a dozen current and former executives. It confirmed evidence of massive insider trading in shares of EADS in late 2005 and early 2006 in the knowledge that the A380 airbus program was in deep trouble.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.80)(http://tinyurl.com/3kd8vh)

2008        Apr 3, ATA Airlines discontinued all flights and filed for bankruptcy.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Alitalia edged closer to bankruptcy protection after Air France-KLM abruptly broke off talks to buy the struggling national airline and Alitalia's chairman of seven months resigned in frustration.
    (AP, 4/3/08)

2008        Apr 5, Skybus Airlines, a low-cost carrier based in Columbus, Ohio, shut down and filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the latest of the nation's airlines to fall because of rising fuel costs and a slowing economy.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.D3)

2008        Apr 7, The EU opened the way for air travelers to use mobile phones to talk, text or send e-mails on planes throughout Europe's airspace.
    (AP, 4/7/08)

2008        Apr 9, Oasis Hong Kong Airlines cancelled all flights and went into liquidation as a result of high fuel costs.
    (SFC, 4/10/08, p.C4)

2008        Apr 10, American Airlines canceled more than 900 flights to fix faulty wiring in hundreds of jets, marking the third straight day of mass groundings as company executives offered profuse apologies and travel vouchers to calm angry customers.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 14, Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines announced an agreement to a $17.7 billion merger creating the world’s largest carrier.
    (SFC, 4/15/08, p.A1)

2008        Apr 22,     Alitalia flew into the unknown after Air France-KLM withdrew its takeover offer, leaving Italy's long-struggling flagship airline with little choice but to contemplate bankruptcy or receivership. The outgoing center-left government allowed a loan of €300 million to Alitalia.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.68)

2008        Apr 26, Eos Airlines, a Business-class carrier launched in 2005, filed for bankruptcy. It ceased operations the next day.
    (SFC, 4/28/08, p.A4)

2008        May 11, China PM Wen Jiabao launched Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (CACC), in an effort to challenge the duopoly of Airbus and Boeing.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.82)

2008        May 14, A Swiss pilot strapped on a jet-powered wing and leaped from a plane for the first public demonstration of the homemade device, turning figure eights and soaring high above the Alps.
    (AP, 5/15/08)

2008        May 21, American Airlines said it will remove 75 of 954 aircraft in its fleet and start charging some domestic passengers $15 to check a suitcase due to rising fuel costs. Oil futures closed at a record $133.17.
    (SFC, 5/22/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A1)

2008        May 31, President Manuel Zelaya said that Honduras would create a civilian airport for commercial jets on a US military airfield, diverting traffic from Tegucigalpa's notoriously dangerous airport following a deadly crash.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 3, UAL Corp's United Airlines announced plans to slash jobs and flights, following a similar move by AMR Corp's American Airlines last month.
    (Reuters, 6/5/08)

2008        Jun 5, Continental Airlines Inc said it would cut 3,000 jobs, or about 6.5 percent of its work force, and retire 67 older planes as it scales down in the face of soaring fuel prices.
    (Reuters, 6/5/08)

2008        Jun 13, In London, administrators said a takeover deal to rescue small business-class airline Silverjet has collapsed. The airline employed 370 pilots and cabin crew and 50 administrative staff in Luton, where it operated flights to New York and Dubai.
    (AFP, 6/13/08)(http://tinyurl.com/56mjgg)

2008        Jun 18, The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) upheld Boeing’s protest of a refueling tanker contract and recommended a new competition.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A8)

2008        Jun 21, A Sudanese official said Sudan is grounding its national carrier Sudan Airways from June 23 for at least a month for breaking civil aviation rules, mainly over administration. On June 23 the Civil Aviation Authority agreed to a one month reprieve.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 26, Four international airlines (Air France-KLM, Cathay Pacific Airways, Martinair Holland and SAS Cargo Group) agreed to pay $504 million in fines to the US Justice Dept. to settle charges they conspired to fleece consumers by driving up cargo shipping prices.
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jul 14, At Britain’s Farnborough International Airshow Etihad Airways, the national carrier of the United Arab Emirates, said it had agreed to buy 45 Boeing passenger jets worth 9.4 billion dollars (5.9 billion euros).
    (AFP, 7/14/08)

2008        Jul 26, Brazil's Embraer (EMBR3.SA), the world's third-biggest commercial jet maker, said it would invest 148 million euros in two new plants in Portugal -- its first industrial units in Europe that will make wings and tailpieces for exports.
    (AP, 7/26/08)

2008        Aug 20, International and domestic flights were disrupted across India as thousands of airport employees went on strike to protest plans to privatize airports.
    (AP, 8/20/08)

2008        Jul 28, The propeller-driven "Zephyr" aircraft, owned by QinetiQ Group PLC, began a flight over the Arizona desert and continued for an unofficial record of 83 hours and 37 minutes, more than doubling the official world record set by Northrop Grumman's "Global Hawk" in 2001. The 66 pound- (30 kilogram-) plane was launched by hand and flown by autopilot and via satellite.
    (AP, 8/24/08)

2008        Aug 26, Sudanese hijackers commandeered the Boeing 737 jetliner, which was carrying 95 passengers and crew, soon after it took off from the southern Darfur town of Nyala, not far from a refugee camp that the Sudanese military attacked a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/08)

2008        Aug 27, Two hijackers, who commandeered a jetliner from Sudan's Darfur region and diverted it to a remote desert airstrip in southern Libya, surrendered after a 22-hour standoff.
    (AP, 8/27/08)

2008        Sep 19, Alitalia cancelled flights and regulators said they might soon ground the troubled flag-carrier as it hurtles toward bankruptcy after the failure of another rescue plan.
    (AP, 9/19/08)

2008        Sep 26, Yves Rossy of Switzerland leapt from a plane and into the record books, crossing the English channel in 13 minutes on a homemade jet-propelled wing.
    (AP, 9/26/08)

2008        Oct 15, Turkish media say a hijacker attempted to commandeer a Turkish Airlines plane over Belarus but he was overpowered by passengers.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 21, EU lawmakers joined US civil liberty campaigners in criticizing a new scanner that allows airport security to see through passengers' clothes, calling it a virtual strip search that should only be used as a last resort.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 30, In Germany the last flight lifted off from Berlin's Tempelhof Airport, bringing an end to an era of aviation that spanned World War II, the Cold War and the rebirth of the German capital. The grounds reopened in 2010 as a public park.
    (AP, 10/30/08)(SSFC, 12/16/12, p.P6)

2008        Oct 31, Airship Ventures began operating zeppelin flights from Moffett field in Mountain View, Ca. Passenger tickets were set at $495 per person for one hour and $950 for 2 hours.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A1)

2008        Nov 7, European planemaker Airbus said that Spanish tourism company Grupo Marsans has signed a firm order for 61 aircraft worth almost $9 billion at list prices.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2008        Nov 14, Nearly half of Air France's flights were grounded by a pilots' strike expected to last through the weekend.
    (AP, 11/14/08)

2008        Nov 25, In Thailand Bangkok's main international airport halted all flight operations after anti-government protesters stormed the departures area.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, Indochina Airlines, Vietnam’s first privately owned airline, began operations.
    (www.india-server.com/news/vietnam-launches-indochina-airlines-4811.html)

2008        Nov 27, Thailand's government prepared to crack down on protesters occupying the capital's two airports, but called on the public not to panic as rumors of a coup swept through the city.
    (AP, 11/27/08)

2008        Dec 3, In Thailand the first commercial flight in a week arrived in Bangkok as anti-government protesters ended their siege of the country's two main airports, declaring victory after PM Somchai Wongsawat was ousted by a court ruling.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2008        Dec 6, Okay Airways, China's first private airline, began a planned one-month suspension of passenger service 10 days early after skittish airports insisted on cash to refuel its planes. The airline suffered from financial and management woes.
    (AP, 12/6/08)

2008        Dec 9, The European Union and Canada reached a deal to open their aviation markets to each other by removing restrictions on direct flights and foreign ownership in airlines.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        Dec, Russia’s Finance Leasing Co. (FLC), a subsidiary of United Aircraft Corp., defaulted on $250 million of bonds, the first default by a state-owned company on foreign debt since the country’s 1998 financial meltdown.
    (WSJ, 3/23/09, p.A1)

2008        Cameroon airline Camair ceased trading. Yves Michel Fotso and Paul Gamo Hamani, two former bosses of the airline were detained and placed under formal investigation for embezzlement of public funds: Hamani in 2009 and Fotso in 2010.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2009        Jan 5, Boeing signed a $2.1 billion deal with India for eight P-81 maritime patrol aircraft.
    (WSJ, 1/6/09, p.B4)

2009        Jan 9, Lithuania’s FlyLAL airline, privatized in 2005, announced that SCH Swiss Capital Holdings, a Switzerland-based firm, has purchased it for $1 million and debt of about 1 million euros. On Jan 17 FlyLAL airline said it has suspended its operations after a buyout deal by Swiss investment firm SCH Swiss Capital Holdings failed.
    (AP, 1/9/09)(AP, 1/17/09)

2009        Jan 12, Alitalia's board accepted Air France-KLM's offer to buy 25 percent of the company and become its international partner.
    (AP, 1/12/09)

2009        Jan 13, Nancy Bird-Walton (93), Australian aviation pioneer, died from natural causes. She was the first woman in Australia to operate a commercial aircraft. Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith, the first man to fly across the mid-Pacific, taught Watson how to fly in 1933, when she was just 17 years old. Two years later, she obtained a commercial pilot's license and began taking paying passengers for joyrides around the country.
    (AP, 1/13/09)

2009        Jan 15, A US Airways Airbus A320 jetliner, piloted by Chesley B. Sullenberger and bound for Charlotte, NC, landed in the Hudson River after both engines failed shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia and an encounter with a flock of geese. All 155 people aboard Flight 1549 survived.
    (AP, 1/16/09)(WSJ, 1/16/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 15, The British government announced its support for a controversial third runway at London's chronically overcrowded Heathrow Airport, despite angry opposition from green groups and locals.
    (AP, 1/15/09)

2009        Feb 2, Guyana banned nighttime flights because of a strike by air traffic controllers. The strike began the night of Jan 30 over union demands for salary increases of 5 percent. The government says it cannot grant the pay hikes because it needs to upgrade airport safety equipment.
    (AP, 2/2/09)

2009        Feb 18, Iran’s Deputy Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi said in published remarks that Iran has built an unmanned surveillance aircraft with a range of more than 600 miles, enough to reach Israel. Iran announced two years ago that it had built an unmanned aircraft, but Vahidi's comments were the first by a top official revealing its range.
    (AP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 8, Sigurdur Helgason (b.1921), former Icelandic airline CEO (1974-1984), died on the Caribbean private island of Mustique. He pioneered cheap flights that carried legions of backpackers between Europe and the United States in the 1960s and '70s.
    (AP, 2/21/09)

2009        Feb 24, The United Arab Emirates' official news agency said US firms Boeing Co. and Lockheed Martin Corp. have been awarded almost $3 billion in contracts to supply transport aircraft for the country's military.
    (AP, 2/24/09)

2009        Feb 27, A court ordered the Japanese government to pay 5.6 billion yen ($57.7 million) to compensate people whose lives are disrupted by the noise of warplanes at a US air base on the southern island of Okinawa. The Fukuoka High Court ruling doubled the 2.8 million yen compensation awarded in 2005 to the people living around Kadena Air Base, and upheld the appeals of 5,540 residents.
    (AP, 2/27/09)

2009        Mar 26,  In Brazil engine pieces from a US plane fell from the sky, hitting 22 houses and a car but sparing passengers and residents on the ground. Arrow Cargo's station manager in Manaus, Rai Marinho, said the company will pay local residents for damages to their property.
    (AP, 3/26/09)

2009        Apr 20, In Jamaica police and soldiers stormed an aircraft and captured a hijacking suspect, identified as Stephen Fray (20). The gunman had forced his way though airport security and hijacked a Canadian jet near Montego Bay, holding six crew members hostage for eight hours.
    (AP, 4/20/09)

2009        Apr 29, In Cuba a statement published in state newspapers said that effective midnight, flights from Cuba to Mexico would be grounded due to swine flu. After that, airlines can fly presumably empty planes to the island and pickup Mexico travels. This amended a blanket 48-hour ban on flights between Mexico and Cuba announced a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

2009        May 6, Canada and the EU signed an "open skies" pact under which airlines from the two trading partners will be able to fly freely between any airport in the 27-country EU and any in Canada.
    (Reuters, 5/6/09)

2009        Jun 26, In Switzerland Solar Impulse, a project run by aviators Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg, unveiled a prototype solar powered airplane, the HB-SIA.
    (AP, 6/26/09)(Econ, 6/13/09, p.83)

2009        Aug 8, Continental Express Flight 2816, en route with 47 passengers to Minneapolis from Houston, was stranded overnight at Rochester, Minn., after being forced to land due to storms. On Nov 24 the Dept. of Transportation levied $175,000 in fines against Continental, ExpressJet and Mesaba Airlines for keeping the plane on the tarmac.
    (SFC, 11/25/09, p.A6)

2009        Aug 22, The EU published a list of nearly 4,000 airlines that it says should reduce their impact on the environment from 2012 or face being banned from European airports.
    (AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Sep 3, In the US Virgin Islands two ticket agent contractors who worked for Delta Airlines and an airport employee were arrested after being indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of conspiracy to smuggle illegal immigrants into the US.
    (AP, 9/5/09)

2009        Sep 9, In Mexico a Bolivian-born man, clutching a Bible and claiming a divine mission, hijacked a plane with more than 100 people aboard after takeoff from Cancun. The incident ended quickly and without bloodshed when police arrested Jose Flores (44) in Mexico City. Police in Morelia said that they had seized eight counterfeit police and rescue vehicles including an intensive care ambulance with official-looking logos and paint jobs. The vehicles belonged to gang members who planned to use them to conduct illegal activities. In 2011 Josmar Flores was sentenced to seven years, seven months and 15 days in prison.
    (Reuters, 9/10/09)(AP, 9/10/09)(AP, 5/19/11)

2009        Sep 15, In Puerto Rico several employees of American Airlines were among a group of at least 20 people arrested on suspicion of aiding a smuggling ring that shipped drugs from Puerto Rico's main airport to the US mainland.
    (AP, 9/15/09)

2009        Oct 21, Security guards thwarted an attempted hijacking on an EgyptAir flight from Istanbul to Cairo by overpowering a Sudanese man who threatened crew members with a plastic knife. The man told flight attendants he wanted to "liberate Jerusalem."
    (AP, 10/21/09)

2009        Oct 21, Northwest Airlines Flight 188 overflew its Minneapolis destination by 150 miles.  Air traffic controllers and pilots tried for more than an hour night to contact pilot Richard Cole (54) of Salem, Oregon, and the flight's captain, Timothy B. Cheney (53), of Gig Harbor, Wash., using radio, cell phone and data messages. The pilots said they had been having a heated discussion about airline policy. On Oct 27 the FAA revoked the licenses of the two pilots saying they had been out of radio contact for 91 minutes.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A6)

2009        Nov 6, British Airways revealed a quadrupling of net losses in its first half, and axed an extra 1,200 jobs in an "essential" cost-reduction program.
    (AP, 11/6/09)

2009        Nov 12, British Airways PLC and Spanish airline Iberia SA confirmed they are holding separate board meetings about a long-awaited merger, responding to feverish speculation that has sent the companies' shares soaring.
    (AP, 11/12/09)

2009        Nov 13, A Somali man was arrested by African Union peacekeeping troops before a Daallo Airlines flight took off from Mogadishu. It was scheduled to travel from Mogadishu to the northern Somali city of Hargeisa, then to Djibouti and Dubai. The man was carrying powdered chemicals, liquid and a syringe that could have caused an explosion. The case bore chilling similarities to a later Dec 25 terrorist plot to blow up a Detroit-bound airliner.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Nov 19, US air travelers scrambled to revise their travel plans after an FAA computer glitch caused widespread cancellations and delays for the second time in 15 months.
    (AP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 23, UOP LLC, a Honeywell company, announced today that its renewable jet fuel process technology was used to convert second-generation, renewable feedstocks to green jet fuel for a biofuel demonstration flight by KLM Royal Dutch Airlines.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb877n3)(SFC, 11/24/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 25, Yves Rossy, a Swiss adventurer, landed in the Atlantic after trying to soar from Morocco to Spain on jet-powered wings.
    (SFC, 11/27/09, p.A2)

2009        Nov 28, French Transport Minister Dominique Bussereau said Russia has given the green light for Air France's A380 superjumbo to overfly Siberia, opening the way for a projected Paris-Tokyo service. The accord was approved by PM Vladimir Putin at the end of a two-day visit to France which saw a number of business deals concluded. Putin's trip also secured a deal for French investment in a key pipeline project and the struggling Avtovaz car maker, as well as a promise that France will consider selling Moscow a huge amphibious assault ship.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Mali the burned debris of a Boeing cargo plane was discovered on Nov. 2 in the Gao region. It was assumed to have landed on a clandestine landing strip and either failed to take off again or was destroyed on purpose. Ample traces of cocaine were found on board.
    (AP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 11, German officials said Berlin's new airport will be named after Willy Brandt (1913-1992), the former West German leader who championed East-West relations and won the Nobel Peace Prize (1971).
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In Spain the A400M military transport plane, that has been causing Airbus and European defense ministers budgetary and logistical headaches, finally took to the skies for its maiden flight.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 12, In Thailand 5 foreigners were detained and their foreign-registered aircraft impounded after it landed in the Thai capital with tons of war weaponry on board that originated in North Korea. The aircraft, an Ilyushin 76 transport from Kazakhstan, was allegedly traveling from North Korea to Sri Lanka when it asked to land in Bangkok to refuel. According to a flight plan seen by arms trafficking researchers, the aircraft was chartered by Hong Kong-based Union Top Management Ltd. to fly oil industry spare parts from Pyongyang to Tehran, Iran, with several other stops, including Bangkok, Colombo in Sri Lanka, Azerbaijan and Ukraine.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AP, 12/23/09)

2009        Dec 15, Boeing’s new 787 jetliner made its inaugural flight from Everett’s Paine Field, beginning an extensive testing program to obtain FAA certification.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 15, British Airways sought a court injunction to prevent a 12-day strike by cabin crew that would cause havoc for one million travelers over the Christmas and New Year's holidays.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 21, The Obama administration took aim at tarmac horror stories, ordering airlines to let passengers stuck in stranded airplanes to disembark after three hours.
    (AP, 12/21/09)

2009        Dec 22, Budget airline EasyJet cancelled about 180 flights due both to the "significant snowfall" and airport closures across Britain, in a fresh blow to passengers hoping to travel for the Christmas holidays.
    (AFP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, American Airlines Flight 331 carrying 154 people skidded across a Jamaican runway in heavy rain, bouncing across the tarmac and injuring more than 40 people before it stopped just short of the Caribbean Sea.
    (AP, 12/23/09)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 25, An attempted bombing took place as Northwest Airlines Flight 253 from Amsterdam prepared to land in Detroit just before noon. Law enforcement officials identified the suspect as Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (23), a Nigerian man, who claimed to be acting on orders from al-Qaida to blow up the airliner with a bomb sewed into his underwear. Abdulmutallab later told US investigators he had received training and instructions from al-Qaida operatives in Yemen. On Oct 12, 2011, Abdulmutallab pleaded guilty to all federal counts against him.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AFP, 12/29/09)(AP, 1/2/10)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A8)

2009        Dec 30, The Netherlands announced it will immediately begin using full body scanners for flights heading to the United States, issuing a report that called the failed Christmas Day airline bombing a "professional" terror attack.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, A Nigerian official says the nation will purchase 3-D, full body scanners after Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab passed through Nigeria's biggest airport before trying to bring down a US-bound flight on Christmas Day.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Zambian Airways was liquidated. The government refused to let foreign airlines use Lusaka as a hub in the unlikely event that the airline would one day fly again.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.55)

2010        Jan 19, Japan Airlines filed for one of the country's largest bankruptcies ever, entering a restructuring that will shrink Asia's top carrier and its presence around the world.
    (AP, 1/19/10)

2010        Feb 8, Boeing Co.’s 250-foot 747-8 freighter, the biggest plane it has ever built, successfully completed its first flight from Paine Field, in Everett, Wash.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)

2010        Feb 15, British Airways said it would use low-carbon fuel to power part of its fleet from 2014 once Europe's first sustainable jet-fuel plant was built by US biofuels specialist Solena Group. A plant to be built in London will convert 500,000 tons of waste into 16 million gallons of green jet fuel annually.
    (AFP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 19, Two Muslim women were stopped from boarding a flight at Manchester airport  from Britain to Pakistan for refusing to go through new body scanners, citing religious and medical reasons.
    (AFP, 3/4/10)

2010        Feb 22, German airline Lufthansa went to court in a bid to halt a strike by some 4,000 pilots that disrupted more than one third of its flights. Later in the day Lufthansa pilots agreed to suspend for two weeks a strike that grounded about 900 flights, just as rival British Airways' cabin crew voted to join the fray to protest harsh cost cuts.
    (AP, 2/22/10)(Reuters, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 25, Rajib Karim, a British Airways computer specialist, was arrested at his BA desk in Newcastle. On Feb 28, 2011, he was convicted after a trial at Woolwich crown Court in London of plotting with US-born extremist cleric Anwar al-Awlaki to blow up an airplane. He pleaded guilty to helping produce a terrorist group's video, fundraising and volunteering for terror abroad, but insisted he never planned an attack in Britain.
    (www.globaljihad.net/view_news.asp?id=1400)(AP, 2/28/11)

2010        Feb 26, In France a strike by air traffic controllers disrupted flight for a 4th day and some Air France pilots walked off the job to protest cost cutting measures.
    (SFC, 2/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 19, In London last-ditch talks aimed at preventing a strike by some 12,000 British Airways (BA) cabin crew collapsed, leaving thousands of passengers facing chaos within hours.
    (AFP, 3/19/10)

2010        Mar 20, British Airways canceled more than 1,000 flights after its cabin crew launched a three-day strike, wreaking havoc on the plans of tens of thousands of passengers just before the busy spring holiday season. .
    (AP, 3/20/10)

2010        Mar 21, British Airways cabin crews walked off the job for a second day, upsetting travel plans for scores of customers, but the airline said its contingency plans were working well and more planes were taking off than expected.
    (AP, 3/21/10)

2010        Mar 22, British Airways cabin crew held a 3rd day of strike action, prolonging travel misery for thousands. A business group warned the action threatens Britain's global reputation.
    (AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 27, British Airways cabin crew launched a four-day strike, the second wave of action in a week as part of a bitter, long-running dispute over pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 3/27/10)

2010        Mar 28, British Airways cabin crew entered the second day of a four-day strike, bringing further travel disruption with no end in sight for a dispute that has become increasingly political.
    (AFP, 3/28/10)

2010        Apr 7, In Switzerland the Solar Impulse aircraft, a pioneering Swiss bid to fly around the world on solar energy, successfully completed its first test flight.
    (AFP, 4/7/10)

2010        Apr 10, French explorer Jean-Louis Etienne (63) made the first Arctic crossing by balloon, landing in the tundra of eastern Siberia five days after taking off in Norway.
    (AP, 4/10/10)

2010        Apr 15, British airport operator BAA Ltd. said all flights at London's Heathrow Airport have been suspended for the rest of the day, causing travel chaos as ash clouds from Iceland's spewing volcano halted air traffic across Europe.
    (AP, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 16, Volcanic ash blanketed parts of rural Iceland and left a widening arc of grounded aircraft across Europe, as thousands of planes stayed on the tarmac to avoid the hazardous cloud. Travel chaos engulfed major European cities and the UN warned of possible health risks from falling ash.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 17, A lingering volcanic ash plume forced extended no-fly restrictions over much of Europe, as Icelandic scientists warned that volcanic activity had increased and showed no sign of abating, a portent of more travel chaos to come. Nearly 17,000 flights to and from Europe were cancelled out of about 22,000 on a normal day.
    (AP, 4/17/10)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.63)

2010        Apr 19, The chief of British Airways said test flights have proven that the blanket restrictions EU governments have imposed on flights because of volcanic ash are unnecessary. The airline industry said it has lost at least $1 billion due to five days of closed airports. A senior Western diplomat says several NATO F-16 fighters suffered engine damage after flying through the volcanic ash cloud covering large parts of Europe.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

2010        Apr 20, Airplanes gradually took to the skies after five days of being grounded by a volcanic ash cloud that has devastated European travel. Only limited flights were allowed to resume at some European airports and UK authorities said London airports would remained closed for at least another day due to new danger from the invisible ash cloud.
    (AP, 4/20/10)

2010        Apr 22, European airports sent thousands of planes into the sky after a week of unprecedented disruptions, with airlines piling on more flights and bigger planes to try to get as many people home as possible.
    (AP, 4/22/10)

2010        Apr 25, Kifah Hassan, chief executive of Iraqi Airways, had his passport seized and the plane he arrived on was impounded at Gatwick Airport in a long-running legal dispute with Kuwait Airways. The dispute dated back to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait  in 1990, when, according to the oil-rich emirate, 10 of its planes and aircraft parts were plundered after its airport was seized.
    (AFP, 4/30/10)

2010        May 2, United Airlines said it has agreed to buy Continental in a $3 billion-plus deal that would create the world's largest carrier with a commanding position in several top US cities.
    (AP, 5/3/10)(SFC, 5/3/10, p.D1)

2010        May 4, Iceland's volcanic ash renewed its threat to European air space, forcing Ireland to shut services temporarily for the first time in 12 days. Ireland and Britain lifted flight restrictions after temporarily closing airspace due to the return of ash.
    (AP, 5/4/10)(AFP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 5, Britain and Ireland grounded flights again after a fresh cloud of ash swept in from the Icelandic volcano which sparked unprecedented air travel chaos in Europe last month.
    (AFP, 5/5/10)

2010        May 7, It was reported that JetBlue has formed a partnership with South African Airways that will allow travelers to fly on both airlines with a single ticket. Starting May 12 JetBlue customers will be able to travel to 40 international cities served by South African Airways.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 8, Hundreds of flights between Europe and North America were either delayed or canceled due to the spreading cloud of volcanic ash stretching across much of the northern Atlantic. Spain shut 19 northern airports including Barcelona because of the cloud of ash.
    (AP, 5/8/10)(Reuters, 5/8/10)

2010        May 9, A plume of volcanic ash snaked its way through southern France, Switzerland, Italy and Germany, shutting down airports and disrupting flights across Europe.
    (AP, 5/9/10)

2010        May 11, Volcanic ash from Iceland wound its way down to North Africa and curled over to Turkey, forcing authorities to shut down Casablanca airport in Morocco as well as airports in Spain and airspace over Turkey.
    (AP, 5/11/10)
2010        May 11, Mohamed Ibrahim, an Egyptian-American university botany professor teaching in the United States, was arrested at Cairo airport after arriving on a direct flight from New York carrying two pistols, 250 bullets, two swords and 11 knives in his luggage.
    (Reuters, 5/12/10)

2010        May 16, Aviation officials closed airports in northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland due to a drifting, dense cloud of volcanic ash from Iceland.
    (AP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 24, British Airways cabin crew started a five-day strike, throwing travel plans for thousands of passengers into disarray after last-ditch efforts to avert the action collapsed.
    (AP, 5/24/10)

2010        May 26, Iraq's government dissolved state-owned Iraqi Airways over a decades-old financial dispute dating back to Saddam Hussein's invasion of his oil-rich neighbor Kuwait. A lawyer for Kuwait Airways called the Iraqi government's strategy a "cynical tactic" and said it will not end the dispute because Kuwait will still hold the government accountable for the debt.
    (AP, 5/26/10)

2010        May 27, Authorities closed Guatemala's international airport after the nearby Pacaya volcano showered as much as 3 inches (8 centimeters) of ash over parts of the city. A television reporter was killed by a shower of burning rocks when he got too close to the volcano, about 15 miles (25 km) south of Guatemala City.
    (AP, 5/28/10)(AP, 5/29/10)

2010        May 28, Jonathan Trappe (36) of Raleigh, North Carolina, crossed the English Channel carried by a bundle of helium balloons, ending a quiet and serene flight by touching down in a French cabbage patch.
    (AP, 5/28/10)

2010        May 30, British Airways cabin crew started a fresh five-day strike with little sign of a breakthrough in the long-running dispute between their union and the airline.
    (AFP, 5/30/10)

2010        Jun 14, An Iranian airport official said 71 Iranian women "improperly" dressed were prevented from boarding flights in recent months, as a police crackdown on the behavior of young people intensified.
    (AFP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jul 6, The EU banned most of Iran Air's jets from flying to Europe because of safety concerns, emphasizing that the move was not related to UN sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 7/6/10)

2010        Jul 8, In Switzerland an experimental solar-powered plane completed its first 24-hour test flight successfully, proving that the aircraft can collect enough energy from the sun during the day to stay aloft all night.
    (AP, 7/8/10)

2010        Jul 14, British Airways and Iberia won the EU's regulatory approval to merge and to team up with American Airlines to share more of their lucrative trans-Atlantic routes.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, An Air India plane carrying more than 200 passengers from New York became the first commercial flight to land at New Delhi's new Terminal 3, part of a $2.7-billion airport upgrade.
    (AFP, 7/14/10)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.72)

2010        Jul 18, In England plane manufacturers, airlines, government ministers and military top brass gathered for the Farnborough International Airshow amid hopes that the two-year downturn in the aviation and defense industry is nearing a bottom.
    (AP, 7/18/10)

2010        Jul 19, In England Boeing Co. and Airbus announced new orders worth almost $13 billion at the start of the Farnborough International Airshow, raising hopes that the aviation industry is on the way back up after a dire two-year slump.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, David Warren (b.1925), an Australian scientist who invented the "black box" flight data recorder, died. He designed and constructed a black box prototype in 1956, but it took several years before officials understood just how valuable the device could be and began installing them in commercial airlines worldwide. In 2002, Warren was awarded the Order of Australia, among the nation's highest civilian honors, for his work.
    (AP, 7/20/10)

2010        Aug 2, Compania Mexicana de Aviacion filed for bankruptcy.
    (Econ, 8/14/10, p.53)

2010        Aug 21, A consortium of Mexican investors said they have acquired 95 percent of Mexicana de Aviacion airline, which earlier this month filed for bankruptcy protection. The Tenedora K group was formed "to capitalize" and "save" Nuevo Grupo Aeronautico, the holding company that controls Mexicana de Aviacion and two domestic airlines, Mexicana Click and Mexicana Link.
    (AFP, 8/22/10)

2010        Aug 23, Officials said the United States has granted Nigerian airlines permission for direct US flights.
    (AFP, 8/24/10)
2010        Aug 23, Saudi low-cost private airline Sama, launched in 2007 to serve Gulf and other Arab states, said it is to suspend services from Aug 24 due to financial problems.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Sep 3, Britain and France announced they are talking about sharing the cost of military aircraft programs, but rejected reports that they plan to merge their aircraft carrier fleets.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 13, Staff at Israel's Ben Gurion International Airport near Tel Aviv went on strike, grounding all flights and leaving arriving passengers without their luggage.
    (AP, 9/13/10)

2010        Sep 14, Zimbabwe's state airline said it has fired 40 striking pilots for failing to meet a deadline to return to their posts. The pilots said the indebted airline has not paid out operational allowances for nearly 20 months. They earned up to $2,500 a month, about one third of the international pay scale for airline pilots.
    (AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 15, The new X2 helicopter, developed by Sikorsky, flew at 290mph during a test flight in Florida, setting a new helicopter speed record.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikorsky_X2)

2010        Oct 3, Egyptian and Iranian airlines agreed to resume direct flights between the two countries for the first time since 1979.
    (SFC, 10/4/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 6, American Airlines, British Airways and Iberia launched their transatlantic joint business, unveiling new routes and detailing benefits for customers that include a shared frequent flyers program.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 10, Virgin Galactic’s space tourism rocket, SpaceShip Two, achieved its first solo glide flight. Manned by 2 pilots it flew for 11 minutes before landing in Mojave, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A5)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.100)

2010        Oct 19, Iran said some Western companies were refusing to refuel its planes in Europe and warned it would "confront" such measures, which it deemed illegal under international law.
    (AFP, 10/19/10)

2010        Oct 21, In central Mexico Canadian industrial giant Bombardier and Mexican President Felipe Calderon opened a new 250-million-dollar plant where it will produce components for the Learjet 85 business aircraft.
    (AFP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 29, Authorities on three continents thwarted the attacks when they seized explosives on cargo planes in the United Arab Emirates and England. The plot sent tremors throughout the US, where after a frenzied day searching planes and parcel trucks for other explosives, officials temporarily banned all new cargo from Yemen. The next day police in Dubai said that the bomb discovered there contained the powerful explosive PETN and bore the hallmarks of al-Qaida. One of the two powerful bombs mailed from Yemen to Chicago-area synagogues traveled on two passenger planes within the Middle East.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Oct 31, A French airliner landed at Baghdad International Airport, becoming one of the first passenger planes to fly into the Iraqi capital direct from western Europe since the Gulf War and opening a potential new route to stronger international business ties.
    (AP, 10/31/10)

2010        Nov 4, A Qantas A380 with more than 450 people on board made a dramatic forced landing in Singapore, trailing smoke from a blackened engine after the Airbus superjumbo's first mid-air emergency. In response Qantas Airways and Singapore Airlines suspended flights of the Airbus A380 superjumbos. In 2013 the engine failure was traced to an oil pipe that failed to conform to design specifications.
    (AFP, 11/4/10)(Reuters, 11/4/10)(AP, 6/27/13)

2010        Nov 6, Airlines cancelled at least 36 flights to and from Jakarta, affecting international carriers from Europe to Asia, because of ash from the Mount Merapi volcano.
    (AFP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 8, Qantas extended the grounding of its Airbus A380 superjumbos for at least three more days after finding oil leaks in some engines, heightening safety fears after two mid-air blow-outs last week.
    (AFP, 11/8/10)

2010        Nov 8, Video posted on the CBS News website showed an object flying through the evening sky over southern California that left a large contrail, or vapor trail. A news helicopter owned by KCBS, a CBS affiliate in Los Angeles, shot the video. Pentagon officials were stumped by the event.
    (AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 9, The United Arab Emirates said it will force Canadians to get a visa to travel to the Persian Gulf federation as of Jan 2, as ties soured between the once-close countries. Emirati officials have ratcheted up the pressure on Ottawa after failing to secure additional landing rights for their growing government-backed airlines.
    (AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 14, Delvonte Tisdale (16) apparently fell from the sky after stowing away in an airplane’s wheel well at the Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in Charlotte, NC. His mutilated body was found in a Boston suburb.
    (SFC, 12/11/10, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/2dmblgm)

2010        Nov 17, In Namibia a suspected explosive device was found on a conveyor belt with luggage on a Germany-bound flight. On Nov 22 a court said that Nehemia Shafuda, chief inspector of the Namibian police aviation security, faces charges for smuggling a suspected explosive device, using the device in an airport and giving false information that interfered with airport operations.
    (AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 22, India gave the green light for the construction of a second international airport in the commercial capital Mumbai, a two billion dollar project that was ten years in the making.
    (AFP, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 27, Australia's Qantas Airways resumed flights of its Airbus A380 superjumbos, after a mid-flight engine failure grounded all six of the planes earlier this month.
    (Reuters, 11/27/10)

2010        Dec 2, Heavy snow caused travel chaos across much of northern Europe, keeping London's Gatwick airport closed for a second day and disrupting road and rail travel in France, Germany and Switzerland. Freezing temperatures and often blinding snowfall killed 12 people, 10 in Poland and 2 in Germany. Poland had already reported 8 dead due to the cold. Some of the worst floods in a century devastated parts of the Balkans. Authorities declared a state of emergency in Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro.
    (Reuters, 12/2/10)(AP, 12/2/10)

2010        Dec 3, Negotiators for the US and Brazil initialed a text in Rio de Janeiro for a new air transport agreement. Once formally approved, the pact will establish an Open Skies air transportation relationship between the two countries that will expand services and could bring down prices.
    (AFP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 4, Spain placed striking air traffic controllers under military authority and threatened them with jail terms in an unprecedented emergency order to get planes back in the skies and clear chaotic airports clogged with irate travelers.
    (AP, 12/4/10)

2010        Dec 6, Saudi Arabia's Rani Investment Group said it would break ground on a 100-million-dollar (75-million-euro) resort on a Mozambique island next year, aiming to cash in on foreign tourists.
    (AFP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 8, In France heavy snowfall forced the closure of Paris' Charles de Gaulle airport and shut down the Paris bus system.
    (AP, 12/8/10)

2010        Dec 10, It was reported that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is missing key information on who owns one-third of the 357,000 private and commercial aircraft in the US, a gap the agency fears could be exploited by terrorists and drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2010        Dec 20, Snow and frigid temperatures caused disruption across northern Europe for a third day, stranding travelers, snarling traffic and shutting schools, and the bad weather is likely to run through Christmas.
    (Reuters, 12/20/10)

2010        Dec 24, Heavy snow stranded thousands of Christmas travelers in Europe, with Belgium's main airport closed for landing and icy roads in Sweden choked with traffic.
    (AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Dec 26, In Russia icy rain shut down Moscow's largest airport for nearly 15 hours, coated roads with ice and left more than 300,000 people and 14 hospitals without electricity.
    (AP, 12/26/10)

2010        Dec 27, Hundreds of passengers were stuck at airports up and down the US East Coast as a blizzard menaced travelers trying to get home after the holidays.
    (AP, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, Alfred Kahn (93), US airline deregulator, died. In 1977 he took over the Civil aeronautics Board for Pres. Carter. His academic efforts included the 2-volume work: “The Economics of Regulation: Principles and Institutions" (1988).
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.101)

2010        Dec 29, Spain's government formally launched the privatization of air traffic control in 13 airports, just weeks after clamping down on a wildcat strike by controllers.
    (AFP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 29, The UAE embassy in Ottawa said on its website that Canadians would be charged $250 for a 30-day single entry visa while a six-month multiple entry visa would cost $1000, with a maximum stay of 14 days during each visit. Tensions have risen between the two countries since Canada denied expanded landing rights for UAE airlines flying to Canada. That triggered a UAE government decision to end access to a military base used by the Canadian military to support troops in Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 12/29/10)

2010        Macedonia’s MAT airline went bankrupt.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.73)

2011        Jan 2, Russia's transport oversight agency ordered the country's airlines to stop using Tu-154B planes until the cause of a passenger jet fire and explosion that killed three people is determined.
    (AP, 1/2/11)

2011        Jan 11, China's radar-eluding stealth fighter, the J-20, made its first-known test flight, marking dramatic progress in the country's efforts to develop cutting-edge military technologies.
    (AP, 1/11/11)(Econ, 1/15/11, p.43)

2011        Jan 19, President Barack Obama announced a deal to step up cooperation with China on nuclear security. The United States and China reached agreement on export deals worth $45 billion. The agreements included a $19 billion deal with Boeing in which China will purchase 200 Boeing aircraft. The deals were announced at the formal start of a four-day state visit to the US by Chinese President Hu Jintao. President Barack Obama issued a finely tuned call for greater respect for human rights in his speech to welcome his Chinese counterpart Hu Jintao.
    (AP, 1/19/11)(Reuters, 1/19/11)

2011        Jan 24, Former Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura sued the Department of Homeland Security and the Transportation Security Administration, alleging full-body scans and pat-downs at airport checkpoints violate his right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures.
    (AP, 1/24/11)
2011        Jan 24, In Russia 37 people were killed and 180 injured in a suicide bombing at Moscow's Domodedovo airport. An autopsy later showed "a huge amount of highly potent narcotic and psychotropic substances in parts of the suicide bomber's body." On Feb 6 unnamed officials in the North Caucasus region said they believed Magomed Yevloyev (20) of Ingushetia, was the suicide bomber. On Feb 9 Itar-TASS reported that Yevloyev’s brother Akhmed (16) and sister Fatima (22) have been arrested. Also detained was Akhmed Aushev, a resident of the same village, Ali-Yurt, Ingushetia. On March 29 Russian investigators charged Doku Umarov, a Chechen warlord, and another militant with organizing the airport bombing. Media reports said that Umarov might be among 17 militants killed in a security raid in the province of Ingushetia west of Chechnya on March 28. On Nov 11, 2013, brothers Islam and Ilez Yandiyev and Bashir Khamkhoyev received life sentences in maximum security penal colonies on terrorism and other charges. Akhmed Yevloyev was sentenced to 10 years in a penal colony.
    (Reuters, 1/24/11)(Reuters, 1/25/11)(AP, 1/29/11)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/6/11)(Reuters, 2/9/11)(AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 11/11/13)

2011        Jan 26, The European Union's top competition regulator blocked the merger between Greek airlines Olympic Air and Aegean Airlines SA, saying a combined carrier could monopolize Greek air travel.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 28, Mexican soldiers seized nearly 200 pounds (90 kg) of drugs from the cargo area of an Aeromexico commercial plane scheduled to fly to the northern border city of Tijuana.
    (AP, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 31, The EU said that the World Trade Organization found US aid to Boeing violated international rules, confirming a preliminary ruling in the long-running subsidy battle between the Chicago-based plane maker and European rival Airbus.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Feb 1, China Harbor Engineering Company, a subsidiary of state-owned China Communications Construction Company, signed a 1.2-billion-dollar contract to build Khartoum's new international airport.
    (AFP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 4, The US X-47B jet, which looks like a smaller version of the B-2 stealth bomber, stayed in the air for 29 minutes and climbed to 5,000 feet in a test flight at Edwards Air Force Base, Ca. The robotic, bat-winged bomber was designed to take off from an aircraft carrier. Northrop was building the navy bomber under a $636 million contract awarded in 2007.
    (AFP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 8, In Pakistan strike action forced ailing state carrier Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) to cancel flights to Britain and Turkey, affecting some 1,500 passengers.
    (AFP, 2/8/11)

2011        Feb 9, In Pakistan strike action forced Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) to ground or delay all flights, affecting thousands of passengers and heaping further woes on the troubled state carrier.
    (AFP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 10, A new Thai airline reported the hiring of transsexual ladyboys as flight attendants, aiming at a unique identity to set itself apart from competitors as it sets out for the skies. PC Air, a charter airline set to start operations on Asian routes in April, has thus far chosen 4 ladyboys, along with 19 female and 7 male flight attendants.
    (Reuters, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 11, Pakistani police baton charged Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) employees, detaining 20 of them, following violent protests as all of the carrier's flights remained grounded for a second day.
    (AFP, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 20, Iran finally withdrew its entire fleet of Soviet era Tupolev aircraft after a series of fatal accidents involving the planes.
    (AP, 2/20/11)

2011        Feb 24, In New Jersey Transportation Security Administration officer Al Raimi (29) of Woodbridge pleaded guilty in Newark federal court to theft by a government officer. Federal prosecutors say Raimi stole between $10,000 and $30,000 cash over nearly a year from travelers passing through his checkpoint. He gave a cut of the cash to his supervisor, Michael Arato, who pleaded guilty to related charges this month. 2 TSA agents at a NYC airport were arrested earlier this month on charges of stealing $40,000 from passengers' luggage.
    (AP, 2/24/11)

2011        Mar 8, The US government gave permission to eight more airports to offer direct charter flights to and from Cuba in the latest small opening in the 49-year-long trade embargo against the communist island.
    (AP, 3/9/11)

2011        Mar 25, In India Pradeep Kumar, a government aviation official, and 3 other people were arrested in a widening investigation of corruption in awarding flying licenses to airline pilots.
    (AP, 3/26/11)

2011        Mar 31, It was reported that the World Trade Organization has ruled that some US government aid to aircraft maker Boeing Co. is illegal. The WTO's report detailed findings first issued in private to the EU and US in January.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Apr 1, Southwest Airlines Flight 812 lost cabin pressure following a fuselage rupture just after takeoff from Phoenix. The Boeing 737-300 landed safely in Yuma with no injuries. Inspectors later found small cracks in 3 more Southwest planes. Some 300 flights were cancelled over the next 2 days as Southwest examined 79 similar planes.
    (SFC, 4/4/11, p.A6)

2011        Apr 6, Virgin America Flight VX2001 became the first to land at San Francisco’s newly remodeled Terminal 2. The 1954 structure had just undergone a $383 million upgrade.
    (SFC, 4/7/11, p.A1)

2011        Apr 11, Australia fined Japan Airlines (JAL) Aus$5.5 million (US$5.8 million) after the carrier admitted its role in a long-running cargo cartel case involving 15 airlines. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) said JAL admitted to "making and giving effect to illegal price-fixing understandings with other international airlines" on fuel, insurance and security surcharges.
    (AFP, 4/11/11)

2011        Apr 13, Iran’s first vice-president was quoted as saying in the governmental newspaper that Iran has stopped refueling "western passenger planes" since Europe-bound Iranian commercial planes were refused fuelling there.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)

2011        Apr 14, Mozambique announced that it is building a $102 million (€70 million) airport in the northern city Nacala in an effort to expand infrastructure to attract tourists and investment.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 17, The US government said air traffic controllers would have more time to rest between shifts under new work rules announced today, while Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood made clear he won't tolerate sleeping on duty despite studies and expert recommendations that suggest scheduled shut-eye can help combat fatigue.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 18, Two airline employees came to the aid of a woman that was being raped at Denver Int’l. Airport. Noel Bertrand (26) was later charged with sexual assault.
    (www.truecrimereport.com/2011/04/ex-marine_noel_alexander_alleg.php)

2011        May 6, Nearly 800 Air India pilots demanding more pay ended their 10-day-old strike, which cost the state-run airline around 12 million rupees ($2.7 million) a day.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 13, Pioneering Swiss solar-powered aircraft Solar Impulse landed in Brussels after a 12-hour flight from Switzerland, the futuristic aircraft's first international sortie.
    (AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 22, Iceland closed its main international airport and canceled all domestic flights as the Grimsvotn volcano sent a plume of ash, smoke and steam 12 miles (20 km) high.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 24, About 250 flights to northern Britain were canceled over concerns about the ash cloud spewing from an Icelandic volcano, but British and Irish officials dismissed fears of a mass shutdown of airspace.
    (Reuters, 5/24/11)

2011        May 27, Air India was forced to cancel some flights after oil companies refused to give the cash-strapped state-run carrier fuel because of a failure to pay bills.
    (AFP, 5/27/11)

2011        Jun 11, Chile’s Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano continued to sporadically spew a cloud of ash, disrupting airline travel from Brazil and Argentina to as far away as Australia and New Zealand.   
            (AP, 6/11/11)

2011        Jun 14, In Chile The cloud of ash spewing from an erupting volcano grounded more flights in countries from Uruguay to Australia and threatened to delay next month's start of the Copa America football tournament in Argentina.
    (AP, 6/14/11)

2011        Jun 16, In SF Deshon Marman (20), a college football player, was arrested and thrown off a US Airways jet in a dispute over his sagging pants. Marmon was in the city attending the funeral of his best friend, David Henderson, who was fatally wounded last month.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.C4)
2011        Jun 16, Indian budget airline GoAir said it had placed a $7.2-billion order for 72 new Airbus aircraft as local carriers continue an aircraft shopping spree to meet booming demand on the subcontinent.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 18, A five-hour computer outage virtually shut down United Airlines Friday night and early Saturday, a stark reminder of how dependent airlines have become on technology.
    (AP, 6/18/11)

2011        Jun 21, In Australia Hundreds of flights were grounded in Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Canberra as the Chilean ash cloud returned to Australia with a vengeance.
    (AFP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jun 22, In France European plane maker Airbus won a slew of orders for its A320 medium-haul workhorse, including a record deal for 180 from Indian budget carrier IndiGo at a rainy Paris Air Show.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)

2011        Jun 23, The US blacklisted a major Iranian port operator and the country's national airline, Iran Air, to increase pressure on Tehran to curtail its alleged nuclear weapons program.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)

2011        Jul 2, Australian aviation regulators grounded budget carrier Tiger Airways Australia, a subsidiary of Singapore's Tiger Airways, because it posed a "serious and imminent risk to air safety", throwing the travel plans of thousands of people into chaos.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 7, Ash from a Chilean volcano grounded flights across much of South America again, disrupting travel for thousands of people just as the continent's premier football tournament got going in Argentina.
    (AP, 7/7/11)

2011        Jul 11, Air Algerie cabin crew went on strike. They wanted a 106-percent pay rise and left thousands of angry travelers stranded in Paris, Marseille and Nice airports.
    (AFP, 7/13/11)

2011        Jul 12, In Germany a plane being used by Thailand's Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn was been impounded as part of a long-running battle over payments for a building project in Thailand. The Thai government allegedly owed the now-bankrupt German construction firm Walter Bau AG builder 30 million euros because of a contract agreed to more than 20 years ago to build and operate a toll highway to Bangkok's Don Muang airport. On July 20 a German court ordered the release of the impounded jet upon receipt of a hefty bank guarantee. On July 21 Thailand's foreign minister ruled out paying a multi-million dollar bank guarantee to secure the release of the prince's jet.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)(AFP, 7/21/11)

2011        Jul 13, In Colorado a hail storm took almost a third of the Frontier Airlines Airbus fleet out of service forcing the airline to cancel numerous flights over the next week.
    (SSFC, 7/17/11, p.A7)

2011        Jul 14, In France thousands of angry travelers were still stranded in airports and in Algiers as a strike by Air Algerie cabin crew, who want a 106% pay rise, went into its 4th day. Air Algerie staff ended their four-day strike after mediation by the office of PM Ahmed Ouyahia.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 19, Britain's competition watchdog reiterated its ruling for Spanish-owned airports operator BAA to sell two more airports including London Stansted followed by Edinburgh or Glasgow Airport.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2011        Aug 2, The US Senate recessed and left without resolving a partisan standoff over a bill to end the partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration. This left the FAA unable to collect taxes on airline ticket sales and already cost the government over $200 million.
    (SFC, 8/3/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 4, US Congressional leaders struck a deal to resolve a partisan dispute and end a partial shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that has halted airport projects and threatened thousands of jobs. Congress adjourned earlier this week for its August recess but Democratic aides said the Senate will finalize the deal on Aug 4 by approving a version of the spending measure already passed by the U.S. House of Representatives.
    (Reuters, 8/4/11)

2011        Aug 9, In Malaysia budget carrier AirAsia and state-owned Malaysia Airlines formed an alliance through a share swap deal to end their long rivalry and boost business.
    (AP, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 10, Australian aviation authorities lifted a 6-week flying ban on the local unit of Tiger Airways after the budget carrier agreed to new conditions including extra training for pilots.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Aug 18, Spanish authorities arrested Aeromexico co-pilot Ruben Garcia Garcia for attempting to smuggle 93 pounds of cocaine into the European country.
    (AP, 8/23/11)

2011        Aug 27, National carrier Egyptair resumed direct flights to Iraq after a break of 21 years.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Aug 27, The Canadian Union of Public Employees, which represents 6,800 Air Canada flight attendants, said Air Canada flight attendants have rejected a tentative contract that union bargainers negotiated with the country's largest air carrier. The union has scheduled a strike vote for next month.
    (Reuters, 8/27/11)

2011        Sep 27, In Australia thousands of international air travelers faced delays as Customs and Border Protection officers walked off the job at airports across the country after workers rejected a 9 percent pay rise over three years.
    (AP, 9/27/11)

2011        Sep 28, ANA, a Japanese airline, flew the first commercial Dreamliner into Tokyo. Its first passenger flight was made on Oct 26 from Tokyo to Hong Kong.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.42)(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A16)

2011        Oct 4, It was reported that NASA has awarded a Pennsylvania company, Pipistrel-USA.com of State College, a $1.35 million prize for developing an ultra-efficient electric airplane. Wired Magazine reported that the winning airplane "was developed and built in Slovenia as a technology demonstrator for the airplane maker."
    (http://tinyurl.com/3nk4ndh)

2011        Oct 13, Air traffic between Senegal and Mauritania resumed after a three-month pause, ending a row over onward flights.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 24, In Portugal an overnight storm tore part of the roof off Faro airport in the southern Algarve region, injuring five people and disrupting flights.
    (AP, 10/24/11)

2011        Oct 29, Australian flag carrier Qantas grounded its entire fleet indefinitely in a bitter industrial dispute. Months of strikes by baggage handlers, engineers and pilots have been costing Qantas Aus$15 million (£9.9 million) per week, with the total financial impact so far hitting Aus$68 million.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)
2011        Oct 29, Phoenix-based US Airways flight attendant Nick Aaronson (33) was found dead in a Mexico City hotel room while on a layover. Authorities were investigating the death as a homicide.
    (AP, 10/30/11)

2011        Oct 31, An Australian court ended the strikes and employee lockout that had abruptly grounded Qantas Airways and stranded tens of thousands of passengers worldwide. The government referred the dispute to Fair Work Australia, which ordered both sides into 21 days of talks.
    (AP, 10/31/11)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.75)

2011        Nov 1, Senegal shut its airspace to all planes coming or going to Guinea after a Senegal Airlines flight was blocked in Conakry due to a spat over payments.
    (AFP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 4, British Airways owner IAG said it has agreed to buy Lufthansa's UK unit bmi in a bid to squeeze more growth from its capacity constrained Heathrow hub and expand services to emerging markets in Asia and Latin America.
    (Reuters, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 13, Emirates Airlines launched the Dubai Airshow with a record $18-billion order for 50 Boeing 777s, giving the US company a flying start on its European rival Airbus at the prestigious event.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 14, Kuwait-based leasing company ALAFCO signed an agreement with Airbus to buy 50 A320neo aircraft, valued at $4.6 billion at list price, the two sides announced at Dubai Airshow.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 15, Nigerian airport officials fined British Airways $135 million and Virgin Atlantic $100 million amid a dispute over ticket prices. The airlines were given 14 days to respond and were ordered to compensate passengers. In 2012 a panel "cancelled the fines because at the time of the offence between 2004 and 2006, there was no law to make them culpable."
    (AFP, 11/17/11)(AFP, 2/10/12)

2011        Nov 18, Indonesia’s Lion Air said it is planning to buy 230 planes from Boeing Co. The list price of $21.7 billion will be paid over 12 years though bank financing.
    (AP, 11/18/11)

2011        Nov 29, AMR Corp., the parent of American Airlines, filed for bankruptcy and replaced CEO Gerard Arpey. The company still had some 8 billion in cash to keep operating.
    (SFC, 11/30/11, p.D5)

2011        Dec 4, Pilots at Lebanese national carrier Middle East Airlines (MEA) ended a five-day strike in protest at the dismissal of a cancer-stricken colleague which grounded dozens of flights at Beirut airport.
    (AFP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 6, Antigua-based LIAT airline said all of its pilots have called in sick, likely disrupting all flights. The pilots were protesting the firing of a captain for undisclosed reasons.
    (AP, 12/6/11)

2011        Dec 15, Air Zimbabwe chairman Jonathan Kadzura said the government has raised $1.5 million (1.2 million euros) to pay off the national airline's debt and have an impounded airplane released in London.
    (AFP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, Zimbabwe state media said the national airline has suspended flights to South Africa over a debt of $500,000, fearing creditors might impound more of its planes.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)

2011        Dec 18, Spanish airline Iberia cancelled a third of its flights because of a strike by pilots fearing job losses when company planes are diverted for a planned new budget carrier.
    (SFC, 12/18/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 19, The Air Berlin group, Germany's 2nd-largest airline, said United Arab Emirates airline, Etihad, is to pay 72.9 million euros ($95 million) to become its biggest shareholder.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2012        Jan 1, As of today the EU began billing all the world’s airlines for the carbon emissions into and out of the EU.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.58)

2012        Jan 16, A hacker network that claims to be based in Saudi Arabia paralyzed the websites of Israel's stock exchange and national airline. El Al Israel Airlines took down its website after hacker OxOmar, who has been linked to the Saudi group, warned that both sites would be targeted by allied pro-Palestinian hackers.
    (AP, 1/16/12)

2012        Jan 25, Boeing won its largest ever order from Europe as Norwegian Air Shuttle ordered 122 planes. The deal was worth $11.4 billion at list prices. NAS also planned to buy some 100 Airbuses. The total package for 222 planes was about $10 billion.
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.65)(Econ, 4/27/13, p.61)

2012        Jan 31, South African Airways launched non-stop flights to Beijing. China became South Africa's top trade partner in 2009.
    (AFP, 1/31/12)

2012        Feb 1, TSA agent Alexandra Schmid (31) took $5000 in cash from the jacket of a Bangladeshi passenger as it went along an X-ray conveyor belt at JFK airport. Schmid was arrested on a charge of grand larceny and suspended pending an investigation.
    (AP, 2/3/12)

2012        Feb 3, A storm swept across Colorado forcing the cancellation of some 600 flights at Denver’s airport. The storm dumped up to 6 feet of snow in some areas of eastern Colorado.
    (SFC, 2/4/12, p.A5)

2012        Feb 5, Britain’s Heathrow Airport cut around half of the 1,300 flights scheduled for today after snow and freezing temperatures hit much of England a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 2/5/12)

2012        Feb 6, In Brazil the wining $9.4 billion bid was announced for the privatization of Guarulhos, Sao Paulo’s main int’l. airport. The winning bid was by a consortium led by Petrobras, the state-owned oil company, and Banco do Brasil, the state-development bank. This was nearly $2 above the 2nd highest bid.
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.40)
2012        Feb 6, Air France pilots and other personnel began a 4-day walkout to protest a bill requiring air transport workers to give 48 hours notice before striking.
    (SFC, 2/6/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 17, Budget carrier Air Australia collapsed, stranding thousands of passengers as its domestic flights and international services to Honolulu, Bali and Phuket were all grounded.
    (AFP, 2/17/12)

2012        Feb 24, Zimbabwe's national airline suspended all its flights indefinitely, after the latest revival effort collapsed this week. The struggling carrier battled against debts reported in December at $140 million.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)

2012        Feb, Malev, Hungary’s flag air carrier, went bankrupt.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.73)

2012        Mar 6, Turkish Airlines started flying into Somalia's war-torn capital, becoming the first international company to fly passenger planes into Mogadishu in more than 20 years. Flights were scheduled for twice a week.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 12, India's cash-strapped Kingfisher Airlines cancelled nearly a fifth of its flights, including at least one international route, after its staff staged a strike over unpaid wages.
    (AFP, 3/12/12)

2012        Mar 14, India's beleaguered Kingfisher Airlines said it had curtailed its overseas flights to avoid losing further cash as it struggles to keep flying amid mounting operational difficulties.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)

2012        Mar 22, India said it has barred its airlines from complying with the EU’s carbon taxation scheme, with the government saying no Indian carrier would share emissions data with the EU. The EU has directed Indian carriers to submit emission details of their aircraft by March 31, 2012. China decided last month to ban its airlines from complying with the EU directive. Over two dozen countries, including Russia and the United States, have opposed the EU move, calling it a violation of international law.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 28, Fiji's military regime said it had seized control of national carrier Air Pacific from Australia's Qantas because it did not want foreigners to own or control Fijian airlines.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Apr 3, The European Commission prohibited Conviasa, Venezuela’s state airline, from flying into the EU due to safety concerns. Venezuela called the decision unfair.
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 4, Iraq approved a request from Kuwait's Jazeera Airways to operate services to Baghdad and Najaf, more than 20 years after direct flights between the neighbors were halted.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)

2012        Apr 6, The Transition Roadable Aircraft, developed by Terrafugia, Inc., made its auto show debut at the 2012 New York International Auto Show. The Massachusetts firm priced the commercial flying car at $279,000.
    (Econ, 3/3/12, TQp.3)(www.terrafugia.com/news_media.html)

2012        Apr 9, Airlines cancelled flights from Sudan to the newly independent South, after new rules treating the route as international took effect.
    (AFP, 4/9/12)

2012        Apr 11, Indonesian carrier Garuda International and European plane manufacturer Airbus signed a $2.5 billion deal in Jakarta, as British PM David Cameron visited Southeast Asia's biggest economy.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)

2012        Apr 13, Australia's Qantas launched the nation's first commercial flight using a mixture of refined cooking oil, saying it would not survive if it relied solely on traditional jet fuel. Australia's tax on carbon emissions comes into force on July 1.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)

2012        Apr 23, Ferrovial-owned BAA said it had agreed to sell Edinburgh airport to Global Infrastructure Partners (GIP) for 807 million pounds ($1.3 billion), adding the Scottish hub to an investment portfolio that includes London's Gatwick and City airports.
    (Reuters, 4/23/12)

2012        Apr 25, US federal officials announced that multiple airport screeners have been arrested for allegedly taking handsome bribes to look the other way while loads of illegal drugs slipped through security at Los Angeles International Airport.
    (ABCNews, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 28, North Korea began sending electronic GPS jamming signals affecting civilian flights in South Korea amid simmering cross-border tensions.
    (AFP, 5/3/12)

2012        May 8, At least 100 pilots from India's debt-laden national carrier Air India failed to turn up to work in a move the civil aviation minister described as an "illegal" strike. The pilots were protesting against former Indian Airlines flyers -- who moved to Air India when the two firms merged -- also being trained for new Boeing 787 Dreamliner airplanes, claiming that would threaten their own career prospects.
    (AFP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 9, In India the number of pilots involved in a wildcat strike at national carrier Air India rose to 150, as the walkout forced the cancellation of more international flights.
    (AFP, 5/9/12)
2012        May 9, Palestinian Airlines resumed operations, starting with biweekly flights between El-Arish and Marka Airbase in the Jordanian capital of Amman. The new route means Gazans no longer have to travel to Cairo, some 350 km (215 miles) from their territory, to board planes.
    (AFP, 5/27/12)

2012        May 13, North Korea stopped transmitting signals which jammed the GPS systems of hundreds of civilian aircraft and ships in South Korea for two weeks. The signals originated from the North's border city of Kaesong and began on April 28.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)

2012        May 16, The new $1.4 billion int’l. air terminal opened at Hartsfeld-Jackson Atlanta Int’l. Airport.
    (SFC, 5/16/12, p.A8)

2012        May 24, The jumbo jet-size Solar Impulse, an experimental solar-powered airplane, took off from Switzerland on its first transcontinental flight, aiming to reach North Africa next week.
    (AP, 5/24/12)

2012        Jun 4, A militia of Libyan ex-rebels entered Tripoli International airport with tanks and armored vehicles and completely blocked air traffic, a day after their leader Abu Ajila al-Habshi was arrested. By the evening authorities wrested back control of the airport.
    (AFP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 5, The Solar Impulse, an experimental solar-powered plane, took off from Madrid en route to Morocco for the 2nd leg of a bid to complete its first transcontinental flight.
    (AP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jun 6, In Puerto Rico US federal agents swept through the main airport and other areas, arresting dozens of baggage handlers, airline workers and others suspected of smuggling millions of dollars' worth of cocaine aboard commercial flights for at least a decade.
    (AP, 6/6/12)

2012        Jun 7, Qatar Airways completed its first flight to Baghdad since Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, a month after launching services to Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region.
    (AFP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 21, In Morocco the Swiss-made solar-powered plane, Solar Impulse, took off from Rabat airport in a fresh bid to cross the Moroccan desert, after being foiled by rough conditions last week.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)

2012        Jun 26, Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer and U.S. company Boeing said they've agreed to share technical knowledge and market assessments on the development of a Brazilian military cargo plane.
    (AP, 6/26/12)

2012        Jun 29, In China Passengers and crew foiled an alleged hijacking attempt by six people on a plane in the far-western Xinjiang region. Local sources said that the plane turned back after Uighurs and Hans began fighting after a disagreement over seat assignments.
    (AP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jul 2, Europe’s Airbus said it would open its first jet assembly line in America in Mobile, Alabama.
    (Econ, 7/7/12, p.63)

2012        Jul 5, Colin Marshall (78), who guided British Airways on its transition from state ownership to privatization, died. He was appointment as chief executive of British Airways in 1983 and was given a knighthood after the airline was privatized in 1987.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 9, Boeing Co. clinched the first big deal of this year's Farnborough Airshow with a firm order from Air Lease Corp. for 75 of its redesigned 737 aircraft worth $7.2 billion.
    (AP, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 10, Boeing Co. revealed a further large order for its remodeled short-haul 737 aircraft, a $9.2 billion with GE Capital Aviation Services. Rival Airbus announced its first billion-dollar order at this year's Farnborough Airshow.
    (AP, 7/10/12)

2012        Jul 12, Airbus, a subsidiary of EADS, said it booked a potential $6.35 billion worth of orders. The four deals, if completed, take Airbus' total by the fourth day of the UK airshow to $16.9 billion for a total of 115 aircraft.
    (AFP, 7/12/12)

2012        Jul 14, India's struggling Kingfisher Airlines cancelled more than three dozen flights when frustrated pilots and other workers walked off the job to protest about long-overdue pay.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 15, Sewing needles were found in 5 sandwiches on flights originating in Amsterdam. One passenger on a flight to Minneapolis was injured. The other needles were on two flights to Atlanta and one to Seattle. The sandwiches were made in the Amsterdam kitchen of catering company Gate Gourmet.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 30, In Canada a passenger found what appeared to be a sewing needle in a pre-prepared sandwich on board an Air Canada flight from Victoria, British Columbia to Toronto. On July 14 sewing needles were found in food on four Delta flights from Amsterdam to the United States, injuring one passenger.
    (Reuters, 8/2/12)

2012        Jul 30, A Canadian government-appointed arbitrator chose to enforce Air Canada's final offer over one proposed by the union representing its 3,000 pilots, ending a long and bitter contract dispute but angering the pilots.
    (Reuters, 7/30/12)

2012        Aug 12, In Italy Hundreds of Wind Jet airline passengers became stranded due to the failure of Alitalia's deal to purchase the Sicily-based low-cost carrier.
    (AP, 8/12/12)

2012        Aug 17, Ethiopian Airlines received Africa's first Boeing 787 Dreamliner, making Ethiopia the only country aside from Japan to operate the innovative aircraft. Ethiopian Airlines has purchased ten 787 Dreamliners from Boeing.
    (AFP, 8/17/12)

2012        Aug 31, In Germany Lufthansa flight attendants walked off the job for eight hours at Frankfurt airport, causing the cancellation of more than 220 flights. Their union warned of more stoppages unless the airline gives in to its demands.
    (AP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 7, Egypt's national air carrier said it will resume international flights after the airline's flight attendants suspended a 12-hour strike pending negotiations to meet their grievances.
    (AP, 9/8/12)
2012        Sep 7, Lufthansa canceled hundreds of flights after flight attendants walked off the job at airports around the country in an escalating battle with Germany's largest airline. Signs emerged that the two sides may be prepared to return to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 9/7/12)
2012        Sep 7, In Nigeria more than 60 workers from Air Nigeria protested at Lagos' Murtala Muhammed International Airport's domestic wings, demanding four-months-worth of unpaid salaries from the company. The airline's owner, business tycoon Jimoh Ibrahim, fired nearly all of the company's 800 employees for "disloyalty" earlier this month.
    (AP, 9/7/12)

2012        Sep 9, In England a man fell to the ground in the Mortlake neighborhood of West London when a jet passing overhead lowered its landing gear as it neared the runway at Heathrow Airport. The apparent stowaway had no identification papers, just some currency from Angola. The man was later identified as Jose Matada of Mozambique.
    (AP, 12/10/12)(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A2)

2012        Sep 10, Japan Airlines (JAL) emerged from bankruptcy (2010) in an initial public offering (IPO) at $8.5 billion.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.64)

2012        Sep 14, India agreed to open its huge market to foreign retailers such as Wal-Mart in a surprising decision that was part of a flurry of economic reforms aimed at sparking new growth in the country's sputtering economy. The reforms would also allow foreign airlines to invest in Indian carriers for the first time.
    (AP, 9/14/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.69)

2012        Sep 16, The CEO of EL AL Airlines said Israel's national airline will stop flying to Cairo, even though the Israel-Egypt peace treaty mandates flights to the country. Eliezer Shkedi said that flights are nearly empty, and the airline cannot afford the high security and operating costs.
    (AP, 9/16/12)

2012        Sep 20, Nigeria's largest airline Arik Air Ltd. halted all its domestic flights indefinitely as its leaders alleged government corruption made it impossible for the carrier to fly. Domestic flights resumed on Sep 23.
    (AP, 9/20/12)(SSFC, 9/23/12, p.A6)

2012        Sep 21, Nigeria's Central Bank barred the nation's top two airlines from receiving any additional loans over their massive outstanding debts.
    (AP, 9/21/12)

2012        Oct 10, A deal to create a European defense and aerospace giant to rival Boeing Co. collapsed when Britain's BAE Systems and EADS NV called off their merger discussions because of conflicting interests between the British, French and German governments.
    (AP, 10/10/12)

2012        Oct 10, A Syrian Air A320 from Moscow that was forced to land in Ankara. Turkish state-run television TRT reported the next day that the passenger plane was carrying military communications equipment. Damascus branded the incident piracy amid growing tensions between the two countries. The plane's 37 passengers and crew were allowed to continue to Damascus after several hours, without the cargo.
    (AP, 10/11/12)

2012        Oct 13, Syria's state-run news agency SANA says Syria has decided to ban Turkish Airlines flights from Syrian airspace.
    (AP, 10/13/12)

2012        Oct 14, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu announced that Turkey is barring Syrian civilian flights from Turkey's airspace, a day after Syria issued such a ban for Turkish commercial aircraft.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

2012        Oct 27, In France several hundred striking Air France workers, protesting a restructure plan to cut 10% of the work force, clashed with police at Paris’ Roissy-Charles de Gaulle airport.
    (SSFC, 10/28/12, p.A3)

2012        Oct 29, Category one Hurricane Sandy grounded thousands of flights in the US northeast and upended travel plans across the globe, stranding passengers from Hong Kong to Europe. Public transport in NYC shut down and the stock market suffered its first weather-related closure in 27 years. The storm made landfall in New Jersey with 80 mph sustained winds. The Hurricane Center later attributed 72 US deaths to Sandy and estimated damages from the storm at $50 billion.
    (AP, 10/29/12)(Reuters, 10/29/12)(AP, 10/30/12)(SFC, 2/13/13, p.A6)

2012        Oct 30, Virgin Australia, the second largest airline in Australia, announced a 99 million Australian dollar ($102 million) takeover offer for regional carrier Skywest and said it bought a 60 per cent stake in budget domestic rival Tiger Airways Australia for AU$35 million.
    (AP, 10/30/12)

2012        Oct 31, Spanish infrastructure company Ferrovial said an arm of China's sovereign wealth fund has taken a 10 percent stake in the holding company controlling Britain's largest airport Heathrow.
    (AP, 10/31/12)

2012        Nov 2, In South Africa low cost 1Time Airline said that all of its operations have been grounded with immediate effect after it applied for business liquidation.
    (AP, 11/3/12)

2012        Nov 18, In Mozambique pilots and crew members at the national airline went on strike, grounding the carrier.
    (AP, 11/18/12)

2012        Nov 24, In western France protesters squatting in treetop tents and makeshift shelters battled for a 2nd day with French riot police trying to expel them from the site of a planned airport near Nantes.
    (AP, 11/24/12)

2012        Sep 9, In England a man fell to the ground in the Mortlake neighborhood of West London when a jet passing overhead lowered its landing gear as it neared the runway at Heathrow Airport. The apparent stowaway had no identification papers, just some currency from Angola.
    (AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 11, Delta Airlines agreed to buy a 49% stake in Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd. For $360 million.
    (SFC, 12/12/12, p.D3)

2012        Scientists at the Harvard robotics laboratory performed a successful flight of hovering robots the size of crane flies.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.77)(http://wyss.harvard.edu/viewpressrelease/110/)

2013        Jan 16, The US federal government grounded Boeing’s new 787s until the risk of battery fires is addressed. The FAA emergency order affected only United Airlines, the lone US carrier to operate the 787 Dreamliners.
    (SFC, 1/17/13, p.A7)
2013        Jan 16, Japan's two leading airlines grounded their fleets of Boeing 787s after one of the Dreamliner passenger jets made an emergency landing.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Jan 17, Ethiopian Airlines grounded its four Boeing 787 Dreamliners following a decision by the Federal Aviation Administration to take the planes out of service in the United States because of a risk of fire from its lithium batteries.
    (AP, 1/17/13)

2013        Jan 20, London's Heathrow Airport cancelled a fifth of flights and airlines scrapped 40 percent of flights to Paris's main airports as snow continued to blanket parts of Europe, with more forecast.
    (AP, 1/20/13)

2013        Jan 21, London's Heathrow airport cancelled 10 percent of flights, a day after it cut its capacity by a fifth, and said services could face further delays with more snowfall expected.
    (Reuters, 1/21/13)
2013        Jan 21, In Germany passengers suffered delays and flight cancellations at Frankfurt airport, Europe's third busiest, after freezing rain had forced the airport to shut late on Jan 20.
    (Reuters, 1/21/13)

2013        Feb 13, The boards of American Airlines and US Airways approved their merger. This will create the world’s biggest airline.
    (SFC, 2/14/13, p.C2)

2013        Feb 26, Puerto Rico's Gov. Alejandro Garcia Padilla approved turning over the operations of the country’s largest airport to a private company as part of an estimated $2.6 billion deal that began under his predecessor and has been fiercely protested.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 27, An Iraqi plane landed in Kuwait for the first time since Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of the tiny emirate.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Mar 13, In Nigeria a strike at Aero Contractors Co. of Nigeria Ltd., halted flights "temporarily."
    (AP, 3/16/13)

2013        Mar 16, Nigeria's aviation ministry asked Dana Air to suspend all flights. A Dana Air crash on June 3 left more than 160 people dead, leading the carrier to lose its license. It resumed its operations two months ago. The suspension came days after another major airline halted its operations over a strike. The general suspension on Dana was lifted March 18, but one plane remained grounded.
    (AP, 3/17/13)(AP, 3/19/13)

2013        Mar 22, The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) said it will close 149 air traffic control towers at small airports across the country beginning on April 7 as it copes with automatic federal spending cuts.
    (Reuters, 3/22/13)
2013        Mar 22, In Alabama Luke Bresette (10) was killed at the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth Int’l. Airport when a flight information panel fell on a family from Kansas.
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, p.A8)

2013        Apr 3, Samoa Air planned to start pricing its first international flights based on the weight of its passengers and their bags. Depending on the flight, each kg (2.2 pounds) would cost 93 cents to $1.06. The new airline was launched last June.
    (AP, 4/4/13)

2013        Apr 15, In France clashes again erupted over the construction on a new airport near the city of Nantes. 3 demonstrators were reported injured as anarchists and beret-wearing farmers joined against the project.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 23, Australia's competition regulator approved the takeover by Virgin Australia of budget rival Tiger Airways Australia.
    (AP, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 27, Ethiopian Airlines flew a Boeing 787 from Ethiopia to Nairobi, Kenya, the first commercial flight of the Dreamliner since it was grounded for smoldering batteries.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.A5)

2013        Apr 28, US air traffic controllers resumed normal operations after lawmakers rushed through a bill to withdraw furloughs that resulted from automatic spending cuts in the sequester. Pres. Obama signed the legislation on May 1.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.A7)(SFC, 5/2/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 28, Japan's All Nippon Airways successfully conducted its first test flight of the Boeing 787 aircraft since battery problems grounded the planes earlier this year.
    (AP, 4/28/13)

2013        May 1, An experimental US aircraft, the unmanned X-51A WaveRider sped over 3,000 mph in a test flight above the Pacific Ocean. It used a scramjet engine and reached Mach 5.1 riding its own shock wave before plunging into the ocean as planned.
    (SFC, 5/4/13, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_X-51)

2013        May 3, The Solar Impulse,  a solar-powered airplane, that developers hope to eventually pilot around the world, took off from Moffet Field, south of San Francisco, on the first leg of an attempt to fly across the US with no fuel but the sun's energy.
    (Reuters, 5/3/13)
2013        May 3, Italian police said they have arrested 29 airport baggage handlers accused of stealing cameras, cellphones and other loot from passengers' luggage, a bust made possible after hidden cameras were installed in airplane cargo holds where the thefts occurred.
    (AP, 5/3/13)

2013        May 14, Croatia Airlines pilots and flight attendants went on strike over planned salary cuts and layoffs that are part of efforts to restructure the loss-making state carrier ahead of the country's EU entry.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 16, Flights in Greece were halted for four hours as the country's two largest labor unions staged work stoppages to protest austerity measures and the government decision to cancel a teachers' strike.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2013        May 18, In Egypt baggage handlers in Cairo went on strike after a baggage handler who works for EgyptAir died when a conveyer belt used to unload luggage fell on his head. The strike did not disrupt flights.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 22, Croatian Airlines’ staff accepted a 9% wage cut and returned to work after 8 days of strikes.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.52)

2013        Jun 5, In Egypt striking workers at the Cairo international airport's largest terminal blocked airplanes on the tarmac and disrupting flights.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 12, A strike by French air traffic controllers forced cancellations of more than 60% of flights and disrupted travel elsewhere in Europe.
    (AP, 6/12/13)

2013        Jun 13, Egyptian pilots working for the national carrier staged a 10-hour sit-in protest, delaying 22 flights in an effort to press their demands for management changes and bonus payments.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

2013        Jun 14, In France the Airbus A350's maiden flight ended with a safe landing, setting the stage for intensifying competition with US rival Boeing in the long-haul wide-body aircraft market.
    (AP, 6/14/13)

2013        Jun 17, In France Airbus and Boeing both won pledges for big purchases of long-haul, wide-body jets, as the Paris Air Show got off to a robust, if rainy start.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 24, Some $1.2 million was reported to have disappeared from a shipment of cash on Flight 17 from Switzerland to NYC as part of a banking transaction.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A4)

2013        Jul 6, A solar-powered aircraft, completed the final leg of a history-making cross-country flight this evening, gliding to a smooth stop at New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport. The Solar Impulse left San Francisco in early May and made stopovers in Phoenix, Dallas-Fort Worth, St. Louis, Cincinnati and Dulles.
    (AP, 7/7/13)

2013        Jul 10, The US Navy successfully landed theX-47B experimental drone aircraft, the size of a fighter jet, on the George H.W. Bush aircraft carrier. Off the coast of Virginia.
    (SFC, 7/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Jul 12, In Britain a fire erupted on a Boeing Dreamliner at London's Heathrow airport. The fire broke out on the plane, operated by Ethiopian Airlines, when it was parked at a remote stand with no passengers on board, eight hours after arriving from Addis Ababa.
    (Reuters, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 25, In Niger the body of a suspected stowaway fell from an Air France plane and was discovered lifeless in a western suburb of the capital, Niamey.
    (AP, 7/25/13)

2013        Aug 1, Abu Dhabi-based  Etihad Airways said it plans to acquire a 49% stake in Serbia's JAT Airways in a wide-ranging deal that will bring a new name and expanded routes for the struggling Belgrade-based carrier.
    (AP, 8/1/13)

2013        Aug 7, A fire engulfed Kenya's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, forcing the indefinite suspension of international passenger flights and choking a vital travel gateway to east Africa. First responders looted electronics, a bank and an ATM during and after the blaze.
    (Reuters, 8/7/13)(AP, 8/8/13)

2013        Aug 9, In Lebanon gunmen abducted a Turkish Airlines pilot and his assistant in Beirut, forcing them from a bus as it took them from the airport in the early hours of the morning. A group claimed responsibility for the abduction in the name of nine Lebanese Shi'ite Muslims kidnapped last year in Azaz near the Turkish-Syrian border. On Aug 20 a Lebanese prosecutor charged 13 people in connection with the kidnapping.
    (Reuters, 8/9/13)(AP, 8/20/13)

2013        Aug 13, The US Justice Dept. filed suit to stop a $14 billion union of American Airlines and US Airways.
    (SFC, 8/14/13, p.C1)

2013        Sep 16, Bombardier of Canada launched the maiden flight of its new cSeries narrow-body plane with 100-150 seats.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.66)

2013        Oct 11, Alitalia’s board of directors approved a €500m salvage package. €300m would come from fresh capital and €200m from new credit lines. The government planned to involve the state-owned postal service in the rescue.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.56)

2013        Oct 13, Companies involved in a $1.27 billion project to develop a business district around Britain’s Manchester airpor announced that Chinese construction giant Beijing Construction Engineering Group (BCEG) has signed a deal with British firms to develop the area.
    (AFP, 10/13/13)

2013        Oct 27, Dubai opened passenger operations at its second airport, Al-Maktoum International, touted to be the world's largest once it is completed.
    (AFP, 10/27/13)

2013        Nov 1, The US Federal Aviation Administration said it is relaxing restrictions on the use of smartphones and other electronics inside flights by American carriers.
    (AP, 11/1/13)
2013        Nov 1, In California Paul Ciancia (23) walked into LAX’s terminal 3 near the security checkpoint and began shooting, sending thousands of passengers scattering onto tarmacs other parts of the airport. TSA agent Gerardo Hernandez (39) was killed.
    (Reuters, 11/2/13)

2013        Nov 6, William Potts (56), a former US militant who hijacked a plane to Cuba in 1984, flew home to the United States where he faced federal charges for air piracy. On July 16, 2014, Potts was sentenced to 20 years in prison. The sentence effectively gave him credit for serving 13 years in Cuba making him eligile for parole in 7 years.
    (AP, 11/6/13)(SFC, 7/18/14, p.A6)

2013        Nov 11, Struggling low-cost British airline Flybe said it plans to axe another 500 jobs as it pursues a round of cost-cutting measures.
    (AFP, 11/11/13)

2013        Nov 17, The Dubai Airshow took off with huge aircraft orders and commitments worth around $100 billion for Boeing and $40 billion for Airbus from Gulf carriers.
    (AFP, 11/17/13)(SFC, 11/18/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 23, China declared an Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) bolstering its claim to islands that Japan says it owns. China warned that it would take "defensive emergency measures" against aircraft that failed to identify themselves properly in airspace over them.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.12)

2013        Nov 28, South Korean and Japanese flights through China's new maritime air defense zone added to the international defiance of rules Beijing says it has imposed in East China Sea but that neighbors and the US have vowed to ignore.
    (AP, 11/28/13)

2013        Nov 29, Officials said the Obama administration has decided to tell US commercial airlines to comply with China’s deamnds to be notified of any flights through a broad swath of int’l. airspace that China has claimed as part of an air defense zone.
    (SFC, 11/30/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 11, Air Canada announced it had placed a firm $6.5 billion order for 61 Boeing 737 MAX narrow-body aircraft, with options on 18 more planes and purchase rights for 30 others.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 12, Iraq signed a $1.1 billion deal to buy 24 multi-role light fighters from South Korea. Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) said it would deliver the T-50IQ, a variant of its T-50 supersonic aircraft, to Baghdad between 2015 and 2016.
    (AFP, 12/12/13)

2013        Dec 26, In France a surprise strike by Lufthansa workers at the main Paris airport prompted flight cancellations and brought a new headache to holiday travel. Lufthansa said in statement that only two flights were officially canceled, and that travel was resuming in the afternoon.
    (AP, 12/26/13)

2013        Richard Holmes authored “Falling Upward: How We Took to the Air."
    (Econ, 5/11/13, p.89)

2014        Jan 3, A major snowstorm producing blizzard-like conditions hammered the northeastern United States, causing 2,000 US flight delays and cancellations.
    (Reuters, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 5, In Saudi Arabia human body parts fell from the sky in the city of Jeddah, with police saying they could be the remains of a person trapped in an airplane's wheel bay.
    (AFP, 1/5/14)

2014        Jan 6, Airlines canceled more than 4,400 flights as extreme cold in the US Midwest and Northeast froze fuel lines to airplanes and posed exposure hazards for employees working on the tarmac.
    (Reuters, 1/6/14)

2014        Jan 10, India's overcrowded financial capital unveiled its long-awaited $2 billion new airport terminal. Mumbai’s renovated Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport was delayed for nearly two years and overran its construction budget by 25 percent.
    (AP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 23, Ecuadorean airline Tame suspended its once-daily flights to and from Venezuela until that country's cash-strapped government pays it $43 million owed for ticket sales.
    (AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 30, In France about 20 percent of flights in and out of Paris' airports were canceled because air traffic controllers are on strike over plans to combine European air space. Controllers in several other European countries also plan work stoppages.
    (AP, 1/30/14)

2014        Feb 17, Ethiopian Airlines co-pilot Hailemedehin Abera Tagegn (31) locked his colleague out of the cockpit, hijacked a Rome-bound plane and landed in Geneva, all in an attempt to seek asylum in Switzerland.
    (AP, 2/17/14)(AFP, 2/17/14)

2014        Feb 19, Europe's largest defense contractor BAE Systems says the governments of the United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia have agreed on new pricing for a massive sale of 72 Eurofighter Typhoon jets.
    (AP, 2/19/14)
2014        Feb 19, Kuwait’s loss-making state-owned Kuwait Airways Co signed contracts with Airbus to buy 25 planes, its first order for new aircraft in more than 20 years.
    (AFP, 2/19/14)

2014        Feb 21, In Germany a strike by security staff at Frankfurt airport caused nearly 50 flight cancellations and delayed thousands of passengers, bringing chaos to Europe's third largest hub.
    (Reuters, 2/21/14)

2014        Mar 9, A Sierra Leone airport official said International airlines have cancelled flights to and from Sierra Leone after a UN aviation regulator discovered that the only functioning fire engine at its main airport had broken down.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 21, In Libya two rockets struck a runway at the international airport in Tripoli, forcing the suspension of flights. Since October, 2011,the airport has been under the control of former insurgents from Zintan, 170 km (105 miles) southwest of Tripoli.
    (AFP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 27, Germany's main airports were hit by a strike as public sector workers raised pressure on the government in pay talks.
    (Reuters, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 31, Germany's Lufthansa said it will cancel some 3,800 flights because of a three-day strike by the pilots' union later this week (April 2-4), hitting more than 425,000 passengers.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 2, Lufthansa canceled almost 900 domestic and intercontinental flights after the pilots' union started a three-day strike in a wage dispute with Germany's largest airline.
    (AP, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 8, The defense chiefs of China and the US faced off over Beijing's escalating territorial disputes in the region, with US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel telling his Chinese counterparts they do not have the right to unilaterally establish an air defense zone over disputed islands with no consultation.
    (AP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 10, Europol, the EU police organization, said law enforcement authorities have arrested 70 people at airports around the world in a meticulously coordinated crackdown targeting criminals using fake or stolen credit cards to buy airline tickets.
    (AP, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 30, Qatar opened its vast new Hamad International Airport  in Doha following years of delays.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        May 21, China’s state-owned Commercial Aircraft Corp. said it is reqady to deliver the country’s first homegrown regional airliner, the ARJ21-700, to Chengdu Airlines.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, p.D2)

2014        May 31, Some flights between Australia and southeast Asia and all domestic flights operating out of Darwin airport in the country’s north were canceled after the eruption a day earlier of Sangeang Api in Indonesia’s south produced a large cloud of ash.
    (Reuters, 5/31/14)

2014        Jun 2, The Swiss-made Solar Impulse 2 airplane made a successful inaugural flight as its makers prepare for what they hope will be the first round-the-world solar flight.
    (AP, 6/2/14)

2014        Jun 5, Peru's counter-narcotics police said they have broken up a ring that shipped cocaine from Lima's international airport to Mexico on commercial flights by swapping out unsuspecting passengers' luggage with identical suitcases.
    (AP, 6/6/14)

2014        Jun 10, The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) said it has granted the first permission for commercial drone flights over US land. The BP energy corporation and drone maker AeroVironment of California have been given permission to use a Puma drone to survey pipelines, roads and equipment at Prudhoe Bay in Alaska. The first flight took place on June 8.
    (AP, 6/10/14)
2014        Jun 10, Russia’s PM Dmitry Medvedev gave the government's blessing to Aeroflot’s new low-cost airline serving newly-annexed Crimea, as he inspected a Dobrolyot (Good Flight) Boeing-737 ahead of its maiden flight from Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)

2014        Jun 13, The Spanish government said it has approved legislation to sell 49 percent of the national aviation authority AENA and also open up one of the country's passenger rail routes to a private operator.
    (AP, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 17, American Airlines said that it will cut nearly 80 percent of its flights to Venezuela in a dispute over revenue being held by the South American country.
    (AP, 6/17/14)

2014        Jun 24, In Pakistan one woman was killed and three crew members were wounded by gunmen shooting at an Airbus 310 plane carrying 178 passengers from Saudi Arabia as it landed in Peshawar.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 25, Abu Dhabi-based airline Etihad Airways said it had reached a deal in principle to buy a 49 percent stake in struggling Italian carrier Alitalia. In return Alitalia agreed to cut 20% of its work force.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.58)

2014        Jul 3, A China-based tour operator said North Korea will reopen some of its domestic scheduled air routes for the first time in years, another sign of moves to bolster tourism in the isolated country.
    (Reuters, 7/3/14)

2014        Jul 17, Airbus said that its orders and commitments for 496 aircraft at England’s Farnborough International Airshow. Boeing, meanwhile, secured business for 201 airplanes.
    (AP, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 18, In eastern Ukraine emergency workers, police officers and even off-duty coal miners searched the wreckage of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 shot down a day earlier as it flew miles above the country's battlefield. Ukraine's state aviation service closed the airspace over two regions currently gripped by separatist fighting.
    (AP, 7/18/14)

2014        Jul 22, A Hamas rocket exploded near Israel's main airport, prompting a ban on flights from the US and many from Europe and Canada as aviation authorities responded to the shock of seeing a civilian jetliner shot down over Ukraine. The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) banned flights to Tel Aviv for at least 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)

2014        Jul 23, Air France and Germany's two largest airlines canceled more flights to Tel Aviv because of ongoing safety concerns amid the fighting between Israel and Hamas.
    (AP, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, Polish state airline LOT suspended its flights to Israel from Warsaw until July 28 because of concern for passengers' safety.
    (Reuters, 7/23/14)
2014        Jul 23, Late today the US FAA lifted its ban on commercial flights to Tel Aviv.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)

2014        Jul 24, Europe's aviation regulator said it will cancel its warning that recommends airlines do not fly to Israel, after the Federal Aviation Authority cleared US carriers to resume flights.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)

2014        Aug 2, Air France cancelled some of its short and medium-haul flights from airports across France due to a strike by ground staff on one of the busiest travel days of the year.
    (AFP, 8/2/14)

2014        Aug 8, Malaysia Airlines will be taken over by the country's state investment fund and de-listed, as part of plans announced today for a "complete overhaul" to rescue the company from oblivion after two crippling air disasters.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)
2014        Aug 8, Etihad, the flag carrier of the United Arab Emirates, agreed to inject a further $750 million into Alitalia in return for a 49% stake.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.55)

2014        Aug 9, In Portugal dozens of flights were cancelled as pilots from the national TAP airline took strike action over working conditions.
    (AFP, 8/9/14)

2014        Aug 11, The US Federal Aviation Authority began imposing flight restrictions on more than 37 square miles of airspace surrounding Ferguson, Mo. The restrictions were lifted after 12 days and it was later reported that they had been imposed to keep away news helicopters during Ferguson’s violent street protests over the death of Michael Brown (18).
    (SFC, 11/3/14, p.A7)
2014        Aug 11, The Ivory Coast announced that it has banned all flights from countries hit by Ebola as part of steps to prevent the deadly virus from reaching the west African nation.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 12, Argentina halted a brief pilot strike that stranded thousands of passengers in Buenos Aires as the Labor Ministry ordered the two sides to accept mediation.
    (SFC, 8/13/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 14, South Korea’s Korean Air Lines Co. said will suspend flights to Kenya in a measure to prevent the spread of Ebola.
    (AP, 8/14/14)

2014        Aug 19, Air France said some of its flight crews were refusing to board planes bound for Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria over fears of the Ebola outbreak.
    (AFP, 8/19/14)

2014        Aug 21, Egypt's Cairo airport and Tunisia cancelled most flights to and from Libya, days after the Libyan government said unidentified war planes had attacked positions of armed groups in Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 8/21/14)

2014        Aug 29, Malaysia Airlines said it will cut 6,000 workers as part of a $1.9 billion overhaul to revive its damaged brand after being hit by double passenger jet disasters.
    (AP, 8/29/14)

2014        Sep 15, French flag carrier Air France scrapped half of its flights as pilots began a strike against the company's plan to develop its low-cost subsidiary.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 16, In France a pilots strike at Air France entered its second day, with the two sides appearing no closer to resolving a dispute over cost cuts that has forced the airline to cancel 60 percent of flights.
    (Reuters, 9/16/14)

2014        Sep 20, French air pilots voted to extend their walkout  until at least Sep 26 to protest Air-France-KLM’s new strategy to shift much of its European operation to Transavia, a low-cost subsidiary.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A3)

2014        Sep 25, Airbus sent its latest jet up for its first flight above the skies of southern France, amid high demand for the single-aisle A320neo and its promised fuel economy.
    (AP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 26, In Illinois Brian Howard (36), an FAA contract employee, set fire at the Aurora air traffic control center bringing Chicago’s Midway and O’Hare airports to a halt with over 2,000 flights cancelled.
    (SFC, 9/27/14, p.A7)(SFC, 9/29/14, p.A6)

2014        Sep 28, Air France's leading pilots union announced an end to a 14-day strike that grounded roughly half of the airline's flights, stranded passengers worldwide and led to stern shows of frustration by the French prime minister. The union was ending the walkout so that service could resume and negotiations continue peaceably.
    (AP, 9/28/14)

2014        Sep 30, In Germany pilots on Lufthansa's long-haul fleet started a 15-hour walkout at the airline's main Frankfurt hub in a festering contract dispute.
    (AP, 9/30/14)

2014        Oct 1, Greek police said an airline pilot and a ground crew staff member were among seven people arrested on suspicion of participating in a ring smuggling migrants onto flights from the city of Thessaloniki to other EU countries.
    (AP, 10/1/14)

2014        Oct 6, Richard Branson's Virgin Atlantic said it will shut its short-haul domestic service in Britain, partly owing to a lack of demand for connections with its long-haul operations.
    (AFP, 10/6/14)

2014        Oct 9, Britain said it will start screening travelers coming from Ebola-hit parts of west Africa at Heathrow and Gatwick airports and on Eurostar trains from Belgium and France.
    (AFP, 10/10/14)

2014        Oct 13, US plane giant Boeing said Indonesian flag carrier Garuda has placed an order for 50 planes worth almost $5 billion.
    (AFP, 10/13/14)

2014        Oct 18, Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries unveiled first passenger aircraft to be made in Japan in nearly four decades as Mitsubishi pushed into the booming regional jet sector with an eye to taking on industry giants Embraer and Bombardier.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 20, Lufthansa pilots launched a strike, deepening Germany's travel chaos after train drivers stopped work at the weekend just as school holidays began in much of the country.
    (AFP, 10/20/14)

2014        Nov 14, Virgin America shares began trading in an IPO priced at $23. Shares began trading at $24 and closed the day at $30 per share.
    (SFC, 11/15/14, p.D1)

2014        Nov 28, European Union police coordination agency Europol said police around the world have arrested 118 suspects in a global investigation into online fraud that targets the travel industry, a crime said to cost airlines $1 billion a year.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Dec 1, German airline Lufthansa cancelled about half of its flights after pilots went on strike in an ongoing dispute over retirement benefits.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Dec 2, Pilots at German airline Lufthansa extended their two-day strike to long-haul flights in an ongoing dispute over retirement benefits.
    (AP, 12/2/14)
2014        Dec 2, Portugal's national airline endured its fifth walkout this year, with a 24-hour strike by cabin crew grounding around 200 flights.
    (AP, 12/2/14)

2014        Dec 11, The EU banned Libya's seven airlines from operating in European skies, citing safety concerns linked to the ongoing fighting there.
    (AP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 11, South Africa said its loss-making national airline will be placed under the control of the Treasury, as the carrier battles to turn around its fortunes.
    (AFP, 12/11/14)

2014        Dec 12, In Britain a system failure affecting air traffic control workstations was to blame for disruption to thousands of passengers coming in and out of Britain's biggest airports.
    (Reuters, 12/13/14)

2014        Dec 17, Low-cost Indian airline SpiceJet grounded all flights after oil companies stopped supplies of jet fuel to the financially beleaguered carrier.
    (AP, 12/17/14)

2014        Dec 22, France-based Airbus delivered its first next-generation A350-900 plane to Qatar Airways in a formal ceremony that kickstarts its bid to erode rival Boeing's dominance in the lucrative long-haul market.
    (AFP, 12/22/14)

2014        Dec 25, In Russia a massive snowstorm in Moscow caused delays to more than 150 flights and brought traffic to a standstill.
    {Russia, Aviation}
    (AP, 12/25/14)

2014        Dubai airport overtook Heathrow in London this year to become the world’s busiest int’l. airport with 68.9 million annual passengers.
    (Econ, 1/10/15, p.44)

2015        Jan 6, Turkish Airlines, the last foreign airline still flying to Libya, suspended flights to Libya.
    (Econ, 1/10/15, p.23)

2015        Jan 15, Canadian manufacturer Bombardier suspended its business jets program due to "weak market demand," resulting in layoffs of 1,000 employees in Mexico and the United States.
    (AFP, 1/15/15)
2015        Jan 15, In Qatar the world's newest jetliner, the Airbus A350, took to the skies carrying its first paying passengers from the Gulf Arab nation.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 26, Hackers defaced the website of Malaysia Airlines and threatened to dump stolen information online after posting a glimpse of customer data obtained in the attack.
    (AP, 1/26/15)

2015        Jan 27, In Iraq a bullet hit the fuselage of a Flydubai airliner on its descent into Baghdad, lightly wounding a young girl and prompting many carriers to suspend their flights.
    (AFP, 1/27/15)

2015        Jan 29, In Germany dozens of flights were canceled at Duesseldorf and Cologne-Bonn airports after private security workers walked off the job in a dispute over wages.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

2015        Jan 30, Qatar Airways said it has bought nearly 10 percent of the parent company of British Airways and Spain's Iberia, deepening its business ties to Europe.
    (AP, 1/30/15)

2015        Feb 5, Libya's only commercial flight link to mainland Europe was severed when the state carrier said its foreign partner had pulled out of the country after a deadly attack last week on a Tripoli hotel. Georgia-based Afriqiyah had only just restarted the route to Duesseldorf last month.
    (Reuters, 2/5/15)

2015        Feb 12, In South Korea an onboard tantrum dubbed "nut rage" culminated in a one-year prison sentence for Korean Air heiress Cho Hyun-ah, the daughter of Korean Air's chairman.
    (AP, 2/12/15)

2015        Feb 18, In Turkey a snowstorm in Istanbul grounded planes, halted traffic and forced the closure of the Bosphorus Strait shipping channel.
    (Reuters, 2/18/15)

2015        Feb 27, Scandinavian Airlines canceled some 60 flights out of Copenhagen after members of a Danish cabin crew union walked out to protest the carrier's plan to move 147 employees to a domestic airline that SAS acquired last year. 30 more flights were canceled the next day.
    (AP, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 1, A first Iranian flight landed in the Yemeni capital, a day after officials from the Shiite militia-controlled city signed an aviation agreement with Tehran. The plane delivered medical and other supplies to Sanaa.
    (AFP, 3/1/15)(SFC, 3/2/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 2, Scandinavian Airlines said some 50 flights have been canceled to and from Denmark after members of a Danish cabin crew union walked out to protest the carrier's plan to transfer employees to a domestic airline acquired by SAS.
    (AP, 3/2/15)
2015        Mar 2, In Norway flights by a subsidiary of low-cost airline Norwegian Air Shuttle — Norwegian Air Norway — were partly disrupted after pilots continued a walkout begun Feb 28, causing the company's share price to crash 5 percent in Oslo.
    (AP, 3/2/15)

2015        Mar 4, Thousands of passengers were stranded in Denmark, Norway and Sweden as a strike by pilots of Norwegian Air Shuttle continued for a fifth day.
    (AP, 3/4/15)
2015        Mar 4, In Nepal a Turkish Airlines jet skidded off the wet surface at Kathmandu's Tribhuwan International Airport. Thousands of passengers were left stranded as the plane partially blocked the only runway.
    (AP, 3/5/15)

2015        Mar 8, United Arab Emirates airlines Emirates, flydubai and Etihad Airways said they have suspended flights to Erbil, citing security concerns as Islamic State razes ancient cities in Iraq's north.
    (Reuters, 3/8/15)

2015        Mar 9, The Solar Impulse 2 aircraft set off from Abu Dhabi on a bid to make the first round-the-world tour. Swiss pilot Andre Borschberg (63) will trade flying the Si2 with Bertrand Piccard. The epic journey was scheduled to spread over five months, with a total flight time of around 25 days.
    (AFP, 3/9/15)(SFC, 3/9/15, p.A2)

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End of file