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Virtual Tourist: http://www.vtourist.com/North_America/USA/Louisiana/
Much of Louisiana sits atop an ancient ocean whose salty remains
have formed at least 127 colossal underground pillars.
(SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A17) 40Mil BC The whale
species Basilosaurus (king lizard) isis was discovered in 1904.
Paleontologists found bones of this creature in the 1830s in
Louisiana. Fossils were found by U of Mich. paleontologist P.D.
Gingerich in Egypt in 1989. With tiny hind limbs too weak to support
its body on land, Gingerich believes it spent its entire life in the
ocean. It reached about 40 feet.
(LSA., p. 36)(PacDis, Winter/’96, p.15,16)
3,400BC An earthen mound at what later was known
as Watson Brake, La. in the US was dated to this time.
(SFC, 9/19/97, p.A3)
1704 English forces attacked
Apalachee Indians in Florida driving them into slavery and exile.
Some 800 Apalachee fled west to French-held Mobile.
(WSJ, 3/9/05, p.A1)
1713 Apr 11, The Peace of
Utrecht was signed, France ceded Maritime provinces to Britain. The
French colony of Acadia, now Nova Scotia, was ceded to Great
Britain. The Acadians had come from western France to fish and farm.
Those who would not swear allegiance to the crown were deported.
Many of these deportees went to the bayou country of Louisiana.
(WUD, 1994, p.7)(WSJ, 9/4/96, p.A12)(HN, 4/11/98)
1714 The Natchitoches
settlement was established in the Cane River area.
(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.C5)
1716 Jun 6, The 1st slaves
arrived in Louisiana.
1717 The 1st New Orleans levee,
3 feet tall, was built on the Mississippi River.
(WSJ, 8/31/05, p.B1)
1718 May 7, La Nouvelle-Orleans
(New Orleans) was founded by the French Mississippi Company, under
the direction of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, on land
inhabited by the Chitimacha. It was named for Philippe II, Duke of
Orleans, the Regent of France.
1718 Aug 25, Hundreds of French
colonists arrived in Louisiana, with some of them settling in
present-day New Orleans.
1718 Jean Baptiste Le Moyne,
Sieur de Bienville, French-Canadian explorer, founded New Orleans.
(Hem., 1/97, p.63)
1718 The "Casket Girls" of New
Orleans began to arrive from France with casket full of dowry
articles to marry settlers.
(SFC, 1/24/98, p.E5)
1729 Nov 28, Natchez Indians
massacred most of the 300 French settlers and soldiers at Fort
1755 In Canada the Accadians of
Nova Scotia were uprooted by an English governor and forced to
leave. Some 10,000 people moved to destinations like Maine and
Louisiana. The Longfellow story "Evangeline" is based on this
(SFEC, 8/22/99, p.T8,9)
1758 Oct 10, Jean Pierre
Chouteau, French fur trader, early St. Louis settler and "father of
Oklahoma" was born in New Orleans.
1762 Nov 3, Spain acquired
Louisiana. [see Dec 3]
1762 Dec 3, France ceded to
Spain all lands west of the Mississippi- the territory known as
Upper Louisiana. [see Nov 3]
(CO, Grolier's, 11/10/95)(HN, 12/3/98)
1766 Mar 5, Spanish naval
Captain Antonio de Ulloa (1716-1795) arrived in Louisiana to take
possession of the Louisiana Territory from the French. The French
colonists refused to recognize Spanish rule and de Ulloa was
expelled by a Creole uprising during the Louisiana Rebellion of
1768 Oct 28, Germans and
Acadians joined French Creoles in their armed revolt against the
Spanish governor of New Orleans.
1778 Apr 1, Oliver Pollock, a
New Orleans businessman, created the "$" symbol.
1778 King Carlos III of Spain
sent Spanish settlers from the Canary Islands to Louisiana. They
settled in St. Bernard Parish and became known as Islenos or Spanish
(SFC, 9/4/00, p.B2)
1781 The earliest reference to
the New Orleans Mardi Gras "Carnival" appears in a report to the
Spanish colonial governing body. The Perseverance Benevolent &
Mutual Aid Association became the first of hundreds of clubs and
carnival organizations formed in New Orleans.
1788 Mar 21, Almost the entire
city of New Orleans, Louisiana, was destroyed by fire. 856 buildings
(HN, 3/21/99)(MC, 3/21/02)
1800 Oct. 1, Spain ceded
Louisiana to France in a secret treaty.
c1800 Caddo Lake arose when
dead trees in the Red River caused an overflow into the Cypress
Valley. The log jam was called the Great Red River Raft and
continued to the 1870s when the government cleared the blockage with
(NH, 5/01, p.35)
1802 Apr 19, Spain reopened the
New Orleans port to American merchants.
1802 Dec 20, The United States
bought the Louisiana territory from France. [see Jan 11, 1803]
1803 Jan 11, Monroe and
Livingston sailed for Paris to buy New Orleans; they ended up buying
Louisiana. [see Dec 20, 1802]
1803 Oct 31, Congress ratified
the purchase of the entire Louisiana area in North America, which
added territory to the United States for 13 subsequent states.
1803 Nov 30, Spain, in a
ceremony at New Orleans, completed the process of ceding Louisiana
to France, which had sold it to the United States.
(CO, Grolier’s, 11/10/95)(AP, 11/30/04)
1803 Dec 20, The Louisiana
Purchase was completed as the territory was formally transferred
from France to the United States during ceremonies in New Orleans.
French Prefect Pierre Clement Laussat, US Gov. William CC Claiborne
and US Gen. James Wilkinson signed 4 copies the treaty. The
Louisiana Purchase effectively doubled the size of the existing U.S.
With 827,987 square miles in the deal, that price translates to
roughly $18 per square mile- under 3 cents/acre.
(AP, 12/20/97)(SSFC, 12/21/03, p.A2)
1804 Nov 27, Pres. Jefferson
issued a nationwide proclamation to military and public officials
warning of a conspiracy to attack Spanish territory in Texas. He had
opened negotiations with Spain to purchase Texas territory west of
New Orleans. Jefferson had heard rumors that Aaron Burr had begun
plotting an invasion of Texas. Jefferson ordered Gen. James
Wilkinson to move federal troops into defensive positions between
the Sabine River and New Orleans. Wilkinson, unbeknownst to
Jefferson, was a close confidant of Burr and also worked as a spy in
the employ of Spanish officials in Mexico.
(ON, 12/08, p6)
1805 Jul 25, Aaron Burr visited
New Orleans with plans to establish a new country, with New Orleans
as the capital city.
1805 Mar 3, Louisiana-Missouri
1805 Louisiana passed
legislation against sodomy. The law was upheld in 2002.
(SFC, 11/23/02, p.A5)
1811 Jan 8, Charles Deslondes
led several hundred poorly armed slaves towards New Orleans in the
largest slave rebellion in US history.
(AH, 2/06, p.14)
1811 Jan 10, An uprising of
over 400 slaves was put down in New Orleans. Sixty-six blacks were
killed and their heads were strung up along the roads of the city.
1812 Apr 4, The territory of
Orleans became the 18th state and later became known as Louisiana.
1812 Apr 30, Louisiana became
the 18th state.
(AP, 4/30/97)(HN, 4/30/98)
1813 Laws banning the carrying
of concealed weapons were passed in Kentucky and Louisiana.
1814 Mar 27, General Jackson
led U.S. soldiers who killed 700 Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend,
La. [in Northern Alabama] Jackson lost 49 men.
(SFEC, 2/16/97, BR p.4)(HN, 3/27/99)
1814 Dec 13, General Andrew
Jackson announced martial law in New Orleans, Louisiana, as British
troops disembark at Lake Borne, 40 miles east of the city.
1814 Dec 14, The steamboat
Enterprise, designed by keelboat captain Henry Miller Shreve,
arrived in New Orleans with guns and ammunition for Gen. Jackson. It
was immediately commandeered for military service.
(ON, 7/02, p.9)
1815 Jan 8, US forces led by
Gen. Andrew Jackson and French pirate Jean Lafitte led some 3,100
backwoodsmen to victory against 7,500 British veterans at Chalmette
in the Battle of New Orleans in the closing engagement of the War of
1812. A British army marched on New Orleans without knowing that the
War of 1812 had ended on Christmas Eve of 1814. A massacre ensued,
as 2,044 British troops, including three generals, fell dead,
wounded or missing before General Andrew Jackson's well-prepared
earthworks, compared with only 71 American casualties. Among the
British victims were Gen. Sir Edward Pakenham and the Highlanders of
the 93rd Regiment of Foot. In 2000 Robert V. Remini published "The
Battle of New Orleans."
(AP, 1/8/98)(HN, 1/8/99)(WSJ, 1/26/00, p.A20)(AH,
1816 Oct 7, The 1st double
decked steamboat, Washington, arrived in New Orleans.
1817 Mar 3, The first
commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans was
1818 Feb 11, Sugar plantation
owner Levi Foster sold to his in-laws the slaves named Kit (28) for
$975 and Alick (9) for $400. In 2000 Gwendolyn Midlo Hall and LSU
Press published a CD-ROM database on Louisiana slave transactions:
"Databases for the Study of Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy,
1699-1860: Computerized Information from Original Manuscript
(SFEC, 7/30/00, p.)(www.afrigeneas.com)
1819 Apr 19, The USS Alabama
and Louisiana destroyed a pirate base at the Patterson's Town Raid
on Breton Island, Louisiana.
1821 Feb 22, The Adams-Onis
Treaty became final, whereby Spain gave up all of Florida to the US.
The boundary between Mexico and the Louisiana Purchase was
established and the US renounced all claims to Texas.
(AH, 2/06, p.15)
1823 In New Orleans Louis
Joseph Dufilho Jr. established a pharmacy and was the first licensed
pharmacist in the US. The building later became The Pharmacy Museum.
(SFEM, 6/14/98, p.24)
1824 Jan 1, The Camp Street
Theatre opened as the first English-language playhouse in New
1827 Feb 27, A Mardi Gras
street procession in New Orleans was initiated by students, who were
home from school in France. They formed a parade of masked marchers
on Shrove Tuesday, the day before the period of penance begins on
(HN, 2/27/98)(HNQ, 2/9/99)
1827 John Davis opened the
doors of the first full-dress American gambling casino in New
1827 The government hired Capt.
Henry Miller Shreve to remove a 100-mile "raft" of snags and trees
that prevented steamboats from entering the Red River. His workcamp
later became the city of Shreveport, La.
(ON, 7/02, p.11)
1829 May 8, Louis Moreau
Gottschalk (d.1869), American pianist, was born in New Orleans.
1830 Jan 13, There was a great
fire in New Orleans. It was thought to be set by rebel slaves.
1834-1861 The Citizens Bank of Louisiana, a
predecessor of J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., secured loans with
mortgages and thousands of slaves. Bernard de Marigny, plantation
owner and one of the richest men of the epoch, put 62 slaves into
the banks books as collateral for borrowed money to support his
(WSJ, 5/10/05, p.A1)
1835 Mar 3, Congress authorized
a US mint at New Orleans, LA.
1835 The St. Charles streetcar
began running under horse and mule power.
(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.T4)
1835-1868 Adah Isaacs Menken, a Jewish poet and
actress, was born near New Orleans and learned French, German,
Spanish and Hebrew in school. She shocked American and European
audiences in the 1860s for her bold acting style and became
notorious for her role in the play Mazeppa, where she appeared on
stage barely clothed tied to the back of a running horse. Around
1856 she published her first book of poems and married Alexander
Isaacs Menken, whose name she kept through divorce and subsequent
remarriages and liaisons. Called the most perfectly developed woman
in the world, she moved between Europe and the United States as she
performed. Adah Isaacs Menken died of tuberculosis in Paris and was
buried there in the Montparnasse Cemetery.
1840 A US no-bail-out policy
forced some state into default. Several US states had loaded up on
unsustainable debt following an extended period of easy credit.
These states consequently found payments on their existing bonds
increasingly unaffordable. Between 1841 and 1843 Arkansas, Illinois,
Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Pennsylvania
and one territory – a proto-state called Florida – defaulted.
(Econ, 2/11/12, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/6pgf4wq)
1841 Aug 21, John Hampson of
New Orleans patented the Venetian blind.
1845 Thomas K. Wharton,
architect, arrived in New Orleans. He soon became the superintendent
of construction for the Custom House on Canal St.
(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.T3)
1848 The Lazard brothers,
Alexandre Lazard, Simon Lazard, and Elie Lazard, moved to the United
States from Lorraine, France, and formed Lazard Freres & Co. as
a dry goods business in New Orleans, Louisiana, with a combined
contribution of $ 9,000. They moved to SF a year later with their
cousin, Alexander Weill.
12/11/96, p.D1)(WSJ, 6/7/99, p.C1)
1849 A US Swamp Land Act
authorized Louisiana to create a system of levee districts. The sale
of donated federal land financed levee construction and land
(NH, 2/05, p.45)
1849 By this time Maunsel
White, a New Orleans plantation owner, was growing peppers that had
originated in Mexico’s state of Tabasco. He devised a sauce using
(WSJ, 10/9/07, p.D11)
1852 A painting of "New Orleans
from the Lower Cotton Press" was made by J. Hill and B. Smith.
(SFEC, 10/31/99, p.T3)
1853 Solomon Northrup (b.1807)
and Henry W. Derbu authored "Twelve Years a Slave, Narrative of
Solomon Northrup, a Citizen of New York, Kidnapped in Washington in
1841, and Rescued in 1853 from a Cotton Plantation Near the Red
River in Louisiana." In 2013 Rachel Seligman, David Fiske and
Clifford authored “Solomon Northrup: The Complete Story of the
Author of Twelve Years a Slave." A film based on the 1853 book won
the Best Picture Oscar in 2014.
(ON, 11/99, p.7)(SFC, 3/17/14, p.A8)
1855 Mar 15, Louisiana
established the 1st health board to regulate quarantine.
1857 The Comus krewe was
founded in New Orleans.
(USAT, 3/7/00, p.5A)
1858 Mar 2, Frederick Cook, New
Orleans, patented a cotton-bale metallic tie.
1860 Nov, Abraham Lincoln won
the US presidential elections with a majority of the electoral votes
in a 4-way race. Following his election South Carolina seceded from
the Union followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia,
Louisiana and Texas.
(WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A13)
1861 Jan 10, Ft. Jackson and
Ft. Philip were taken over by LA state troops.
1861 Jan 26, Louisiana became
the 6th state to secede from the Union.
1861 Feb 4, Delegates from six
southern states met in Montgomery, Ala., to form the Confederate
States of America. They included Mississippi, Florida, Alabama,
Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. They elected Jefferson Davis as
president of Confederacy.
(AP, 2/4/97)(ON, 11/00, p.1)
1861 May 26, Union blockaded
New Orleans, LA., and Mobile, AL.
1861 Jul 14, Union troops tried
to force a crossing at Seneca Falls on the Potomac, northwest of
Washington but were repulsed by the Confederates. A company of the
Louisiana Tiger Rifles helped defend the line.
1861 Sep, Harry Macarthy
delivered a stirring performance of "The Bonnie Blue Flag" on a New
Orleans stage, causing a near riot. Born an Englishman, he became
famous throughout the Confederacy as an entertainer. Macarthy was a
hit, and for the rest of the war, he would do his best to keep his
song and himself popular, taking his show on the road all over the
South and providing diversion for thousands of civilians and
soldiers. He lifted the morale of war-weary Southerners and became
the most popular performer in his adopted country, the Confederate
States of America.
1861 Oct 4, The Union ship USS
South Carolina captured two Confederate blockade runners outside of
New Orleans, La.
1861 Oct 12, The Confederate
ironclad Manassas attacked the northern ship Richmond on the
Mississippi River. The Manassas was the Confederacy‘s first
operational ironclad. Originally a New England tugboat called the
Enoch Train, the ship was refit with iron sheathing and an iron prow
for ramming. The underpowered ship was used in defense of New
Orleans, finally being dispatched by the Union warship Mississippi.
(AP, 10/12/97)(HNQ, 7/12/00)
1861 Café du Monde opened in
New Orleans. It later became famous for its powdered-sugar-covered
(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.T5)
1862 Apr 18, Battle of Ft
Jackson, Ft St. Philip and New Orleans, LA.
1862 Apr 25, Admiral David
Farragut gained control of the Mississippi River at New Orleans,
Louisiana. A few days later federal troops occupied the city. This
stopped cotton sales by the Confederacy a revenue shortage that led
to printed money and hyperinflation. In 2000 Jack D. Coombe
published "Gunfire Around the Gulf," which recounts the Southern
Civil War naval campaign.
(WSJ, 1/26/00, p.A20)(WSJ, 11/21/08,
1862 Apr 29, Forts Philip and
Jackson surrendered to Union forces under Admiral Farragut outside
(AP, 4/29/98)(HN, 4/29/98)
1862 May 12, Federal troops
occupied Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1862 May 15, In New Orleans
General Benjamin Butler issued an order to the effect that any woman
insulting or showing contempt for any officer or soldier of the
United States should be treated as a woman of the town "plying her
avocation" - meaning soliciting of prostitution.
1862 Aug 5, Battle of Baton
1862 Sep, The troops of the 1st
Louisiana Native Guards were free black men who lived in New
Orleans. When Pres. Lincoln issued his preliminary Emancipation
Proclamation he invited black men in Confederate territory to join
the Union army. Union Major General Benjamin Butler immediately
mustered the 1st Louisiana Native Guards into Federal service,
making them the Union’s first black soldiers. They had volunteered
for state service in the Civil War, and served as a home guard unit.
When New Orleans fell to Union forces in April 1862, the black
troops remained in the city and offered their services to Butler.
1862 Oct 27, A Confederate
force was routed at the Battle of Labadieville, near Bayou Lafourche
in Louisiana. John Howard Payne's haunting 'Home, Sweet Home' was
the Civil War soldier's favorite song.
1862 Nov 3, There was a battle
between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana.
1862 Dec 15, In New Orleans,
Union Major General Benjamin F. Butler turned his command over to
Nathaniel Banks. The citizens of New Orleans held farewell parties
for Butler, "The Beast," but only after he had already left. General
Butler was given the unusual nickname "Spoons" due to his apparent
penchant for stealing the silver while occupying New Orleans. He was
also called "Beast" for alleged insults to the women in the town.
Both the names were coined by Confederates.
(HN, 12/15/98)(HNQ, 3/9/02)
1862 Louisiana experienced
(NH, 2/05, p.45)
1863 Apr 13, Battle of Irish
Bend, LA (Ft. Bisland). (MC, 4/13/02)
1863 May 14, Union General
Nathanial Banks took his army out of Alexandria, Louisiana, and
headed towards Port Hudson along the Mississippi River. The fort was
considered the second most important strategic location on the
river, after Vicksburg.
1863 May 21, The siege on Port
Hudson, Louisiana began.
1863 May 27, Siege of Port
Hudson, LA. [see May 21]
1863 Jun 21, In the second day
of fighting, Confederate cavalry failed to dislodge a Union force at
the Battle of LaFourche Crossing in Louisiana.
1863 Jun 23, Confederate forces
overwhelmed a Union garrison at the Battle of Brasher City in
1863 Jul 3, Battle of
1863 Jul 8, Discouraged by the
surrender of Vicksburg, Mississippi, Confederates in Port Hudson,
Louisiana, surrendered to Union forces.
1864 Mar 10, Red River campaign
took place in LA. [see Mar 15]
1864 Mar 15, Red River Campaign
began as the Union forces reached Alexandria, La.
1864 Mar 21, Battle at
Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids), Louisiana.
1864 Apr 2, Skirmish at Crump's
Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana.
1864 Apr 8, In the Battle of
Mansfield, Louisiana, Federals were routed by Confederate Gen.
Richard Taylor. Keatchi girl’s school was taken over as a hospital
for the injured soldiers.
(HN, 4/8/98)(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.C5)
1864 Apr 9, The Battle of
Pleasant Hill, LA, left 2,870 casualties.
1864 Apr 12, Battle of Blair's
Landing in LA.
1864 Apr 23, Battle of Cane
River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry).
1864 Apr 25, After facing
defeat in the Red River Campaign, Union General Nathaniel Bank
returned to Alexandria, Louisiana.
1864 Apr 30, Work began on the
Dams along the Red River which would allow Union General Nathaniel
Banks’ troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
1864 May 1-8, Battle at
Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign).
1864 May 18, Battle of Yellow
Bayou, LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks).
1865 May 26, Arrangements were
made in New Orleans for the surrender of Confederate forces west of
the Mississippi. The last Confederate Army surrendered in
(AP, 5/26/97)(HN, 5/26/99)
1865 Louisiana again
experienced severe flooding.
(NH, 2/05, p.45)
1866 Apr 2, Pres. ended war in
Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Ten & Va.
1866-1868 About this time Edmund McIlhenny
(1815-1890), banker, traveled to New Orleans and acquired some
pepper seeds from a man on the street, which he grew and used to
develop a hot sauce that he called Tabasco, after peppers from
Mexico’s state of Tabasco. In 2007 Jeffrey Rothfeder authored
McIlhenny’s Gold: How a Louisiana Family Built the Tabasco Empire."
(SFC, 4/5/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/9/07,
1867 Dec 23, Entrepreneur Madam
C.J. Walker (d.1919), the first black American woman millionaire,
was born Sarah Breedlove to former slaves on a Louisiana cotton
plantation. In 1906 she married Charles Joseph Walker, who became
her business partner. Madam Walker had developed her own line of
hair care products for black women. Business boomed and Madam Walker
became well known to black and white Americans as she traveled the
country to market her products, speak at conventions and donate to
organizations like the NAACP and the YMCA. Her company made economic
independence a reality for the many black women she hired. When
Madam C.J. Walker died she left thousands of dollars to schools,
orphanages, the Tuskegee Institute, retirement homes and other
(HNPD, 12/23/98)(SFEC, 2/7/99, Par p.7)
1867 Louisiana again
experienced severe flooding.
(NH, 2/05, p.45)
1868 Jun 25, Florida, Alabama,
Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina were
re-admitted to the Union.
1868 Jul 13, Henry Clay Warmoth
(1842-1931) began serving as the 23rd governor of Louisiana and
continued to 1872.
1868 Sep 22, Race riots took
place in New Orleans, La.
1868 Sep 28, In the Opelousas
Massacre at St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, 200 blacks were killed.
1868 Oct 26, Whites killed
several blacks in St. Bernard Parish, La.
1868 Louisiana began to lease
out convicts as laborers for revenue. The system lasted to 1928. The
number of convicts leased out over the 60-year period was later
estimated to be over 100,000.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1872 Dec 9, P.B.S. Pinchback
became the first African American Governor of Louisiana. [see Dec
1872 Dec 11, America's first
black governor took office as Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback
became acting governor of Louisiana. [see Dec 9]
1872 A group of New Orleans
businessmen invented a King of Carnival -- Rex -- to parade in the
first daytime parade. They introduced the Mardi Gras colors of
purple, green and gold; the Mardi Gras song, and the Mardi Gras
1872 Edgar Degas, French
painter, journeyed to New Orleans where his mother was born. He made
22 paintings there. His time in New Orleans is covered in the 1997
book "Degas in New Orleans: Encounters in the Creole World of Kate
Chopin and George Washington Cable" by Christopher Benfey.
(SFEC, 1/4/98, BR p.9)(SFC, 3/5/99, p.W12)
1873 Jan 13, William Pitt
Kellogg (1830-1918), American politician and carpetbagger, began
serving as the governor of Louisiana and continued to 1877. He was
the state's last Republican governor until the inauguration of David
C. Treen in 1980.
1873 Apr 13, In the Colfax
Massacre in Grant Parish, Louisiana, some 105 blacks were killed on
Easter Sunday. Many bodies, hidden or dumped into the Red River;
were recovered and found to have been mutilated. In the end, only
nine men were arrested, and they were charged with the murder of
only one man. Among those arrested was William J. Cruikshank. In
2007 Lalita Tademy authored her novel “Red River" based on the
1873 Edgar Degas painted
"Cotton Merchants in New Orleans."
(SFEC, 1/4/98, BR p.9)
1874 Sep 14, In Louisiana the
Battle of Liberty Place was an attempted insurrection by the
Crescent City White League against the legal Reconstruction state
government in New Orleans.
1875 Jun 12, In Louisiana work
began on a new shipping channel at the mouth of the Mississippi
River. American civil engineer James Buchanan Eads (1820-1887) led
1875 In Louisiana the “Mardi
Gras Act" established Mardi Gras as an official and legal state
1876 Nov 7, The presidential
vote between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel
Tilden was very close and the Florida result looked like it would
determine the national outcome. In 1974 Prof. Jerrell Shofner
authored "Nor Is It Over," a study of the 1876 election. In 2003 Roy
Morris Jr. authored "Fraud of the Century." Louisiana was stolen for
Hayes. 13,000 Tilden votes were discounted in Louisiana by a
bribe-taking election board.
(WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A18)(WSJ, 2/3/03, p.D6)
1876 May 2, American civil
engineer James Buchanan Eads hired the luxury steamer Grand Republic
for her maiden voyage to carry investors and the press from New
Orleans to the jetties at the mouth of the Mississippi to show off
his work. The jetties were completed in 1880 and New Orleans went
from being the nation’s 9th largest port to the 2nd largest.
(ON, 10/09, p.8)
1877 Apr 24, Federal troops
were ordered out of New Orleans, ending the North's post-Civil War
rule in the South.
1877 Apr 27, President Hayes
removed Federal troops from LA. Reconstruction ended. [see Apr 24]
1877 Lafcadio Hearn
(1850-1904), Irish-American travel writer, left Cincinnati for New
Orleans, Louisiana, where he initially wrote dispatches on his
discoveries in the "Gateway to the Tropics" for the Cincinnati
Commercial. He lived in New Orleans for nearly a decade, writing
first for the Daily City Item and later for the Times Democrat.
1878 Jul 12, A Yellow Fever
epidemic began in New Orleans. It killed 4,500.
1879 Aug 30, John Bell Hood
(b.1831), former confederate general, died of yellow fever in a New
1879 Edgar Degas, while in New
Orleans, painted "Miss La La at the Cirque Fernando."
(SFEC, 1/4/98, BR p.9)
1879 The US Congress made the
US Army Corps of Engineers the leader of a new agency, The
Mississippi River Commission, charged with controlling the
(NH, 2/05, p.45)
1882 The Proteus krewe was
founded in New Orleans.
(USAT, 3/7/00, p.5A)
1885 Oct 20, Ferdinand
Lamenthe, aka Jelly Roll Morton (d.1941), jazz pianist, composer and
singer, was born in New Orleans. He was one of the first to
orchestrate jazz music and disputed W.C. Handy's claim to be the
originator of jazz and blues. He became famous at an early age for
his classically informed improvisational piano playing often in
brothels and other non-traditional settings. With his Red Hot
Peppers in the 1920s, he pioneered the early jazz practice of
reorchestrating and improvising upon well-known standards. He also
wrote many enduring jazz tunes including the ‘London Rag’ and the
‘Jelly Roll Blues’.
1885 Jan 29, Leadbelly
(d.1949), [Huddie William Ledbetter], blues singer, was born on the
Jeter Plantation near Mooringsport, Louisiana.
1888 Jan 20, Leadbelly, blues
12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line), was born in Louisiana.
1889 Dec 6, Jefferson Davis,
the first and only president of the Confederate States of America,
died in New Orleans. In 2001 William J. Cooper Jr. authored
"Jefferson Davis, American."
(AP, 12/6/97)(SSFC, 1/28/01, Par p.12)
1890 May 12, Louisiana
legalized prize fighting.
(SC, internet, 5/12/97)
1890 The Louisiana state
Legislature passed the Louisiana Separate Car Act, which called for
railroad companies to provide equal but separate accommodations for
white and colored races.
(SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-6)(ON, 11/03, p.5)
1890-1899 In Louisiana the Orleans Levee District
was founded in the 1890s.
(WSJ, 8/31/05, p.B1)
1891 Mar 14, A mob in New
Orleans broke open a jail after a court dismissed charges against 19
Italian men indicted for the murder of police chief David C.
Hemmessey. 11 of 19 defendants were hanged. The book "Vendetta" by
Richard Gambino, and the movie of the same name, covered the event.
(SSFC, 2/1/04, p.M3)
1891 Argentine ants were 1st
noticed New Orleans. By 1908 they were seen in California.
(SFC, 4/25/01, p.A1)
1891-1903 In Barbour County nearly 700 convicted
men were leased as laborers to private companies such as Tennessee
Coal or Sloss-Sheffield Steel & Iron mostly for $6 per month.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1892 Jun 7, Homer Plessy was
arrested in New Orleans for violating the Separate Car Act. His case
went all the way to the US Supreme Court, which upheld the law on
May 18, 1896.
(ON, 11/03, p.5)
1892 Sep 7, In New Orleans the
1st heavyweight-title boxing match, fought with gloves under the
rules of the Marquis of Queensbury [Queensberry], aka John S.
Douglas, ended when James J. Corbett (1866-1933) knocked out John L.
Sullivan (1858-1918) in the 21st round. In 1891 Corbett had
fought Peter Jackson to a draw after 61 rounds. Corbett lost his
title to Robert Fitzsimmons in 1897.
1893 Aug 30, Huey P. Long,
Louisiana politician who served as governor and U.S. senator, known
as "The Kingfish," was born.
1893 The St. Charles streetcar
(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.T4)
1894 Louisiana extended the
Separate Car Act to include train station waiting rooms. The
Legislature in this year also passed a law prohibiting interracial
(ON, 11/03, p.5)
1895 Feb 15, 23 cm (9") of snow
fell on New Orleans.
(440 Int’l., 2/15/99)
1896 May 18, The US Supreme
Court upheld the State of Louisiana Separate Car Act in Plessy vs.
Ferguson. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision allowed that as long as
accommodation existed, segregation did not constitute
discrimination, establishing the doctrine of "separate but equal."
The decision gave legitimacy to the segregationist policies known as
Jim Crow laws. The ruling that was overturned in the 1954 Brown
case, which involved elementary education. The Court ruled
unanimously that segregation in public education was a denial of the
equal protection of the laws.
p.A-6)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.24)(AP, 5/18/03)
1897 Tennessee Coal paid the
state $18.50 per month for a first-class state convict.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1898 May 12, Louisiana adopted
a new constitution with a "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate
(SC, internet, 5/12/97)
1898 Buddy Bolden, cornetist
and New Orleans brass band leader, was an early practitioner of what
would be recognized today as jazz. Bolden's 1898 brass band, Kid
Ory's Creole Band, played their early version of jazz while marching
in parades, at funerals, weddings and dances. Blues, ragtime and
brass band music were blending at the end of the 19th century into
what would be known as jazz. New Orleans was one of the key cities
for the development of this music.
1899 In New Orleans Oysters
Rockefeller was invented at Antoine’s restaurant.
(SFEM, 6/14/98, p.8)
1900 Jun 27, Otto E. Passman
(Rep-D-La, 1947-77), was born.
1900 Aug 4, Louis "Satchmo"
Armstrong, (Daniel Louis Armstrong, d.1971) jazz trumpet player, was
born in New Orleans. He developed a vocal style called "scat
singing"; was a band leader, film star and worldwide celebrity; his
career spanned five decades. His autobiography “Satchmo" was
published in 1954. "I got a simple rule about everybody. If you
don't treat me right, shame on you." Laurence Bergreen in 1997 wrote
a biography titled: "Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life."
(SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.4)(AP,
1900 George Lewis (d.1968),
clarinetist, was born in New Orleans.
(WSJ, 5/15/01, p.A24)
1901 State rules were adopted
that held a "first class" prisoner liable for loading 4 tons of coal
a day to avoid being whipped. A "4th class" prisoner was required to
load 1 ton.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1901-1915 In New Orleans the "Blue Book" was a
directory of some 2,000 prostitutes working in Storyville. It was
printed annually and carried ads.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, Z1 p.8)
1905 Galatoire’s restaurant
opened under Jean Galatoire in the French Quarter of New Orleans.
(SFC, 7/15/02, p.F10)
1906 The Louisiana McIlhenny
family were awarded a trademark for the word Tabasco, which was also
the name of their popular pepper sauce.
(WSJ, 10/9/07, p.D11)
1906 The New Orleans City Park
opened a new carousel.
(SSFC, 7/24/05, p.F9)
1908 Sep 7, Michael E. DeBakey,
heart surgery pioneer, was born in Lake Charles, La.
1909 Feb 23, Shrove Tuesday.
The Zulu Social Aid and Pleasure Society, the 1st African-American
Mardi Gras organization, first marched in the New Orleans Mardi Gras
parade. Members had marched in the Mardi Gras as early as 1901, but
their first appearance as Zulus came in 1909, with William Story as
1910 Dec 31, John B. Moisant
and Arch Hoxsey, two of America's foremost aviators died in separate
plane crashes. Moisant died in a plane crash in New Orleans.
(HN, 12/31/98)(HN, 7/31/01)
1910 About this time jazz bands
began playing in the gambling houses and brothels of the notorious
New Orleans Storyville section. Jazz musicians from New Orleans
began calling gigs to NYC "The Big Apple" vs. road gigs elsewhere,
which paid "little apples."
(HNQ, 5/12/98)(SFEC, 9/3/00, Z1 p.2)
1911 Dec 31, Tennessee Coal’s
convict lease contract with the state expired.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1912 Sep, An explosion at Pratt
Consolidated mining company killed nearly 130 leased prison convicts
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1913 An investigation was
conducted into the alleged corruption of Alabama’s convict-leasing
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1914 Nov 2, Ray Walston, actor
(My Favorite Martian, Damn Yankees, Picket Fences), was born in New
1915 Sep 22, Xavier University,
the first African-American Catholic college, opened in New Orleans,
1917 The state charged
companies $93.12 per month for the lease of a first-class convict.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1918 Nov 3, Russell Long
(d.2003), U.S. senator from Louisiana, was born.
(HN, 11/3/98)(SFC, 5/10/03, p.A13)
1921 In Louisiana the
Industrial Canal Lock connected the Mississippi River to the Gulf
Intracoastal Waterway. A replacement was authorized in 1956 and
construction of the replacement was authorized in 1998, but was then
stalled by lawsuits.
(Econ, 2/2/13, p.24)
1922 Nov 7, Al Hirt, jazz
trumpeter, was born in New Orleans, La.
1924 Sep 30, Truman Capote,
author and playwright whose works include "Breakfast at Tiffany's"
and "In Cold Blood," was born in New Orleans, La.
(HN, 9/30/98)(MC, 9/30/01)
1926 May 6, Marguerite Piazza,
operatic soprano (Young Broadway), was born in New Orleans, LA.
1926 Sloss-Sheffield, a mining
concern, stopped leasing convicts. In 1952 the company was merged
into US Pipe & Foundry, which was acquired in 1969 by Jim Walter
Corp. of Florida, later renamed Walter Industries.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1927 Mar 6, Norman Treigle,
bass-baritone (Mefistofele), was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1927 Apr 29, With concern that
Mississippi flood waters could overflow the city of New Orleans the
levee at Caernarvon, Louisiana, was dynamited downstream of the
city, with the intention of increasing the speed of the river as it
passed New Orleans and hence reducing the height of the anticipated
1927 May 24, The final levee
breach of the 1927 flood occurred at McCrea, Louisiana, on the east
bank of the Atchafalaya levee. The flood along the Mississippi
killed some 500 people and displaced thousands. The levee system
broke in 145 places and caused 27,000 square miles of flooding in
Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee.
In 1997 the book "Rising Tide" by John M. Barry described the
catastrophe. It was also the subject of the Randy Newman song
p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 11/2/05,
p.A2)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.30)
1927 Aug 7, Edwin Edwards,
governor of Louisiana (1972-1980, 1984-1988, 1992-1996), was born.
1927 Aug 30, Geoffrey Beene,
dress designer (8 Coty Awards), was born in Louisiana.
1928 Feb 26, Antonie "Fats"
Domino was born in New Orleans. He was an American Rock n' Roll
singer famous by his songs "Blueberry Hill" and "Ain't that a
(HN, 2/26/99)(SC, 2/26/02)
1928 Louisiana ended its state
revenue producing forced labor program.
(WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A10)
1929 A group of state
legislators began talks to impeach Gov. Huey P. Long after he tried
to impose a 5-cents-a-barrel tax on oil refined in Louisiana.
Charges against Long included arranged murder, bribery, carrying a
concealed weapon and demolishing the governor's mansion without
(SFC, 6/18/99, p.D7)
1930 Dec 29, Fred P. Newton
completed the longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam the
Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans.
1930s Percy Viosca Jr., a
Louisiana naturalist, railed against the US Corps of Engineers for
their plans to straitjacket the Mississippi River with levees.
(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)
1934 May 23, Bonnie Parker (23)
and Clyde Barrow (24) were shot some 4 dozen times early in the
morning in a police ambush by Texas Rangers as they were driving a
stolen Ford Deluxe along a road in Bienville Parish, near Sailes,
La. This ended the most spectacular manhunt seen in America up to
that time. The pair had spent the previous 2 years killing and
robbing banks in the Midwest. Bonnie Parker was 19 and Clyde Barrow
was 21 when they met in Dallas in 1930. By the time the Barrow
gang's crime spree ended four years later, Bonnie, Clyde, Clyde's
brother Buck and Buck's wife had terrorized the Southwest and
Midwest and were believed to have committed 13 murders. In 1997
Clyde’s bullet-ridden shirt was auctioned off to a Nevada casino for
$85,000. His largest theft was estimated at $4,000. In 1979 Ted
Hinton and Larry Grove authored "Ambush: The Real Story of Bonnie
and Clyde." In 2009 Jeff Guinn authored “Go Down Together: the True
Untold Story of Bonnie and Clyde."
(SFC, 4/3/97, p.A13)(SFC, 4/15/97, p.A13)(AP,
5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/02)(ON, 7/02, p.3)(WSJ, 3/10/09, p.A13)
1935 Jun 12, Senator Huey Long
of Louisiana spoke continually for 15 hours in Senate's longest
speech on record (150,000 words).
1935 Sep 8, Sen. Huey P. Long,
"The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, was shot and mortally wounded
in Baton Rouge allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.; he died two
days later ending what might have been a prominent national career.
It was suspected that Dr. Weiss was acting in revenge against Long's
public slandering of his father. The 1996 documentary film "Huey
Long" by Ken Burns was about the Louisiana politician who wanted to
redistribute wealth and make every man a king.
(TMC, 1994, p.1935)(AP, 9/8/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, DB
1935 Sep 8, Carl Austin Weiss,
murderer of Sen Huey Long, was shot down.
1935 Sep 10, Sen. Huey P. Long,
"The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, died from a gunshot wound
inflicted Sep 8 by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss Jr. In 2006 Richard D.
White authored “Kingfish: The Reign of Huey P. Long."
(AP, 9/8/97)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.80)
1935 Fishermen formed the
Seafood Workers Association and went on strike. The following year
they held a Labor Day celebration which evolved to become the annual
Louisiana Shrimp and Petroleum Festival.
(WSJ, 8/24/99, p.A16)
1936 Apr 21, James Clayton
Dobson, Christian conservative leader, was born in Shreveport,
Louisiana. He became an American psychologist and chairman of the
board of Focus on the Family, a nonprofit organization founded in
1977 and based in Colorado Springs, Colorado. In 2007 his radio show
pulled in 6 million listeners a week.
1936 May 1, In New Orleans the
FBI under J Edgar Hoover arrested kidnapper and gunman Alvin Karpis
(1907-1979). Known for his alliance with the Barker gang in the
1930s, he was the last "public enemy" to be taken. Karpis was born
to Lithuanian immigrants in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and was raised
in Wichita, Kansas. In August he was imprisoned at Alcatraz. Karpis
was released on parole in 1969 and deported to Canada.
7/31/11, DB p.42)
1937 Enriquez Alferez (d.1999
at 98), Mexican artist, created his "Fountain of the Four Winds" for
the New Orleans Lakefront Airport. One of the 4 figures of the
sculpture was a well-endowed nude male.
(SFC, 9/14/99, p.A23)
1937 Nutria rodents were
introduced to Louisiana from Argentina. They propagated rapidly and
by 1997 were threatening acres of fragile wetlands due to their
feeding on plant roots. The McIlhenny family, makers of Tabasco
Sauce, imported 13 nutria from Argentina to study their fur-bearing
potential. The animals escaped 3 years later during a flood and
began to proliferate.
1941 Oct 4, Anne Rice,
novelist, was born in New Orleans, La. Her books included "Interview
with a Vampire."
(HN, 10/4/00)(MC, 10/4/01)
1942 May 12, A Nazi U-boat sank
an American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River.
1944 The last undisputed report
of an ivory-billed woodpecker in the continental North America was
in Louisiana this year.
(Econ, 10/15/11, p.42)
1944-1948 Jimmy Davis (d.2000) was elected to his
1st term as governor. Davis was a singer and had made a hit with
"You Are My Sunshine" in 1939.
(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A23)
1947 Feb 20, A chemical mixing
error caused an explosion that destroyed 42 blocks in LA.
1947 The film "New Orleans"
starred Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, the Woody Herman band and
other jazz stars. It was directed by Arthur Lubin.
(SFC, 2/18/02, p.403)
1947 The first offshore oil rig
out of sight of land was set up by Kerr-McGee, Phillips Petroleum
and Stanolind Oil & Gas 10 miles off the Louisiana coast.
(WSJ, 9/13/99, p.R4)
1949 May 26, Hank Williams Jr,
country singer (Honky Tonk), was born in Shreveport, La.
1953 Rev. T.J. Jemison
organized a bus boycott in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. It was the 1st of
its kind and became a model for the 1955 Martin Luther King
rebellion in Montgomery, Ala.
(NW, 6/9/03, p/14)
1956 Jun 11, Ray Nagin, later
mayor of New Orleans, was born in New Orleans.
(WSJ, 1/10/06, p.A4)
1956 Aug 30, In Louisiana the
2-lane Lake Pontchartrain causeway opened. A 2nd span was added in
1956 Louisiana built its 1st
man-made river diversion to flush out salt water destroying oyster
reefs in the eastern estuaries. The Bayou Lamoque river diversion
was a success.
(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)
1957 Feb 14, The “Southern
Leadership Conference" was formed in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Officers were elected which included: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as
President, Dr. Ralph David Abernathy as Financial
Secretary-Treasurer, Rev. C. K. Steele of Tallahassee, Florida as
Vice President, Rev. T. J. Jemison of Baton Rouge, Louisiana as
Secretary, and Attorney I. M. Augustine of New Orleans, Louisiana as
General Counsel. In August the name was changed to "Southern
Christian Leadership Conference" at its first convention in
1957 Jun 26, Hurricane Audrey
hit Louisiana earlier than expected. It left at least 390 people
dead with 192 missing in Louisiana and Texas.
(SFC, 6/26/09, p.D10)
1957 Jun 27, More than 500
people were killed after Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal
Louisiana and Texas.
1959 May 25, US Supreme Court
ruled that Louisiana’s prohibition of black-white boxing was
1960 Nov 14, New Orleans
integrated two all white schools. Ruby Bridges, a 6-year-old black
girl, entered a previously all-white school flanked by 4 federal
marshals before a phalanx of angry racists. A 1998 Disney movie
"Ruby Bridges" portrayed the event, which was captured by Norman
Rockwell in his painting: "The Problem We all Live With."
(WSJ, 1/8/98, p.A7)(HN, 11/14/98)
1960 Nov 16, After the
integration of two all white schools, 2,000 rioted in the streets of
1960-1964 Jimmy Davis (d.2000) was elected to his
2nd term as governor.
(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A23)
1961 Feb 16, Wilbert Ridieu
(19) robbed the Lake Charles, La., Gulf National Bank. He walked out
with $14,000 and 3 hostages, 2 of whom he shot and left for dead.
Rideau stabbed to death Julia Ferguson on a rural Louisiana road
following the bank robbery. He confessed and was sentenced to death
3 times. Rideau escaped death in the 1970s when the death penalty
was outlawed. In 2003 his case was still in court. While in prison
Rideau became a self-educated writer and elevated the prison
magazine, the Angolite, to national acclaim. In 2005 Rideau was set
free for time served after a racially mixed jury found him guilty of
(NW, 1/13/03, p.52)(AP, 1/16/05)(SFC, 1/17/05,
1961 Oct 18, Wynton Marsalis,
jazz and classical trumpeter (Grammy 1983), was born in New Orleans,
1961 Ernie K-Doe (d.2001 at 65,
born as Ernest Kador in New Orleans), rhythm-and-blues singer, made
a hit with the song "Mother-in-Law."
(SFC, 7/10/01, p.A15)
1961 Preservation Hall opened
in New Orleans.
(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.T5)
1962 Apr 20, New Orleans
Citizens Committee gave a free one-way ride to blacks to move North.
1962 Robert Smith, a disk
jockey in Shreveport, La., took on the name "Wolfman Jack."
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)
1963 In Louisiana Henry
Montgomery (17) shot and killed a white police officer. He was soon
convicted of murder and sentenced to death. Two years later the
state Supreme Court revisited the case and in a new trial he was
sentenced to life in prison without parole. In 2012 the US Supreme
Court decided Miller v. Alabama, in which the Court held that
mandatory sentencing schemes requiring children convicted of
homicide to be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole violate
the Eighth Amendment.
1964 Louisiana’s state prison
at Angola began its Angola rodeo program for inmates. In 2014 some
22,500 people attended the 2-day event.
(SFC, 10/22/01, p.C1)(SFC, 5/23/14, p.30)
1965 Aug 27-1965 Sep 13,
Hurricane Betsy killed 75 in Louisiana & Florida. Betsy left New
Orleans under 7 feet of water.
(www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/Storm_pages/betsy1965/)(WSJ, 8/31/05, p.B1)
1965 Ruth Fertel (d.2002 at 75)
bought the Chris Steak House in New Orleans and proceeded to expand
it into the worldwide Ruth’s Chris Steakhouse chain.
(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A23)
1967 Jun 29, Jayne Mansfield
(b.1933), stage and film actress, was beheaded in a car crash in
Louisiana. Her 3 children survived in the back seat of the 1966
Buick Electra. Daughter Mariska Hargitay was 3 and began a film
career at 19.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayne_Mansfield)(SFEC, 7/13/97, Par
p.18)(SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A22)
1969 May 10, In Louisiana the
2nd Lake Pontchartrain causeway opened. The 1st span was completed
1969 Aug 17, Hurricane Camille
hit the Gulf Coast at Pass Christian, Miss., leaving 256 people
killed in Louisiana and Mississippi. Damage was later estimated at
(AP, 8/17/97)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A17)(AP, 8/30/05)
1970 Aug 3, Hurricane "Celia"
became the most expensive Gulf storm in history.
1970 Sep 24, Moon Landrieu
(b.1930) began serving as the mayor of New Orleans and continued to
1978. From 1979-1981 he served as the US Secretary of Housing and
Urban Development under Pres. Jimmy Carter.
1971 Feb 21, A series of
tornadoes cut through the lower Mississippi River Valley. The
two-day outbreak, which produced 19 tornadoes, killed 123 people
across 3 states, including 11 in Louisiana, 110 in Mississippi, and
2 in North Carolina.
1971 Aug 11, Construction began
on the Louisiana Superdome. It opened on August 3, 1975.
1972 Mar 9, Edwin W. Edwards
began serving as governor of Louisiana and continued to Mar 10,
1972 Apr 17, In Louisiana
Angola prison guard Brent Miller was stabbed to death. Herman
Wallace (d.2013), who was serving a 50-year sentence for armed
robbery, was indicted in 1973 for the killing and put into solitary
confinement for the next 4 decades. Wallace died a week after a
judge ordered a new trial because women had been excluded from the
grand jury indictment. In a separate trial, Albert Woodfox was also
convicted in the murder of Brent Miller and sentenced to life in
prison. On June 8, 2015, federal judge ruled that the state cannot
try Woodfox a third time and that he the only just remedy would be
to set him free.
p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/pp96vyn)(SFC, 6/9/15, p.A9)
1972 Oct 16, A small plane
disappeared during a flight from Anchorage to Juneau. On board were
Thomas Hale Boggs Sr. (b.1914), US Congressman from Louisiana,
Representative Nick Begich of Alaska, Begich’s aide Russell Brown
and the pilot, Don Jonz. House Resolution 1 of January 3, 1973,
officially recognized Boggs's presumed death and opened the way for
a special election. Boggs’s wife, Lindy Boggs (1916-2013), won
the special election and served to 1991.
1972 John Breaux was elected to
the US Congress as a Representative (D) from Louisiana.
(SFC, 12/16/03, p.A8)
1972-1988 Sherman Bernard served as the insurance
commissioner. In 1993 he pleaded guilty in federal court to taking
$80,000 in bribes to license financially shaky insurance companies.
(WSJ, 11/19/99, p.A1)
1973 Sep 20, Jim Croce
(b.1943), American singer-songwriter, died in an airplane crash near
Natchitoches, La., just as he was beginning to capitalize on his
success. Maury Muehleisen and four others also died as their plane
crashed into a tree while taking off for a concert in Sherman,
1973 Oil was discovered off the
coast of Louisiana at the underwater site called Eugene Island 330.
By 1989 production slowed to 4,000 barrels from a peak of 15,000 and
then suddenly increased and in 1999 produced 13,000 barrels a day.
Geologists were unable to account for the source of the oil.
(WSJ, 4/16/99, p.A1)
1974 Gov. Edwin Edwards signed
a bill exempting Louisiana brewers from their 1st $150,000 in taxes.
(WSJ, 12/1/03, p.A11)
1975 Jun 1, The Rolling Stones
opened their North American Tour in Baton Rouge, Louisiana with Ron
Wood (b.1947) replacing Mick Taylor (b.1949) as the lead guitarist.
Other cities they played in included, Kansas City, Milwaukee, St.
Paul, Cleveland, Buffalo, Toronto, New York, Philadelphia, Memphis,
Dallas, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Chicago, Detroit,
Atlanta, and Jacksonville.
1975 Aug 3, The Louisiana
Superdome was dedicated.
1975-1981 Stanford Opotowsky (d. 1997 at 73)
served as director of news coverage for ABC TV. He was the author of
several books that included: "TV: The Big Picture," "The Longs of
Louisiana," "The Kennedy Government," and "Men Behind Bars."
(SFC, 10/3/97, p.B13)
1976 Oct 20, 76 people died
when the Norwegian tanker Frosta collided with the ferryboat George
Prince on the Mississippi River north of New Orleans.
1976 Louisiana passed a law
that required schools to allow a brief time in "silent meditation."
In 1992 the wording was changed to "silent prayer or meditation." In
1999 the word "silent" was deleted. In 2001 a federal appeals court
struck the law down.
(SFC, 12/12/01, p.A7)
1977 Nov 12, New Orleans
elected its first black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial, the winner of
1977 Dec 22, Three dozen people
were killed when a 250-foot-high grain elevator at the Continental
Grain Co. plant in Westwego, La., exploded.
1980 Jan 30, Professor Longhair
(61), legendary New Orleans Blues musician, died. He was born as
Henry Roeland Byrd in 1918.
1981 John Kennedy Toole was
awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his book "A Confederacy of Dunces."
Toole had committed suicide 12 years earlier. His mother got Walker
Percy to read the novel and Percy got the Louisiana State Univ.
Press to publish it.
(WSJ, 9/30/99, p.A1)
1981 Clyde Charles was
convicted for the rape of a woman in Grand Caillou. He served 18
years of a life sentenced when in 1999 DNA evidence proved his
(SFC, 12/18/99, p.C3)
1981 Michael Anthony Williams
(16) was convicted of raping his female math tutor. He spent 24
years in Angola state penitentiary. In 2005 DNA evidence exonerated
(SFC, 5/9/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/30/07, p.A1)
1981 George Brown, director of
Beer League of Louisiana, was sentenced to 6 months in jail in Texas
for failing to pay taxes on alleged bribes.
(WSJ, 12/1/03, p.A11)
1982 Mar 29, In New Orleans
Michael Jordan’s 16-foot jump shot with 15 seconds remaining gave
North Carolina a thrilling 63-62 victory over Georgetown and the
NCAA basketball championship before 61,612 at the Superdome tonight.
Six players in that game: Floyd, Ewing, Anthony Jones, Michael
Jordan, James Worty and Sam Perkins, became NBA first-round draft
1982 Jul 9, A Pan Am Boeing 727
crashed in Kenner, La., killing all 145 people aboard and eight
people on the ground.
1984 Jul 30, The British tanker
Alvenus spilled 2.8 million gallons of oil at Cameron, La.
1984 Louisiana held a World
Exposition. Low attendance was blamed on the rain.
(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A20) (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)
1984 Delores Dye was murdered
in a New Orleans supermarket parking lot. Curtis Kyles was tried 5
times for her murder and walked free in 1997. In 2005 Jed Horned
authored “Desire Street: A True Story of Death and Deliverance in
(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.B4)
1985 In Louisiana John Thompson
was convicted of murder after prosecutors hid a blood test
that would have cleared him of a prior conviction for armed robbery.
A deathbed confession later cleared Thompson, who ending up spending
nearly 14 years on death row.
(Econ, 4/9/11, p.35)
1986 Feb 19, Barry Seal
(b.1939), gunrunner, drug trafficker, and covert CIA operative
extraordinaire, was murdered in a hail of bullets by Medellin cartel
hit men outside a Salvation Army shelter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
He had testified in federal court in Las Vegas, Fort Lauderdale, and
Miami for the US government against leaders of the Medellin drug
1986 John Breaux was elected to
the US Congress as a Senator (D) from Louisiana.
(SFC, 12/16/03, p.A8)
1987 Jun 19, The U.S. Supreme
Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school
teaching the theory of evolution to also teach creationism science
(DT internet 6/19/97)
1987 Nov 21, An eight-day siege
began at a detention center in Oakdale, La., as Cuban detainees,
alarmed over the possibility of being returned to Cuba, seized the
facility and took hostages.
1987 Nov 26, Cuban detainees
concerned about the possibility of being sent back to Cuba continued
to hold hostages at a prison in Atlanta and a detention center in
1987 Nov 29, Cuban detainees
released 26 hostages that they'd been holding for more than a week
at the Federal Detention Center in Oakdale, La.
1987 William and Callie Frost
were murdered. Albert Burrell and Michael Graham were convicted and
scheduled for execution. In 2000 DNA evidence supported their
innocence and they were freed after 14 years in Angola prison.
(SFC, 1/3/01, p.A4)
1987 Clifton Chenier, Zydeco
accordionist, died. In c1999 Michael Tisserand published "The
Kingdom of Zydeco" and Rick Olivier and Ben Sandmel published the
photo documentary "Zydeco!"
(WSJ, 4/19/99, p.A20)
1988 Feb 21, TV evangelist
Jimmy Swaggart tearfully confessed to his congregation in Baton
Rouge, La., that he was guilty of an unspecified sin, and said he
was leaving the pulpit temporarily. Reports linked Swaggart to an
admitted prostitute, Debra Murphree.
1988 May 4, A spectacular
explosion occurred at the Shell oil refinery in Norco, La., on the
Mississippi river just north of New Orleans. 8 people were killed
and over 40 injured.
1988 Aug 13, Vice President
George Bush contemplated a list of potential running mates as
Republicans gathered in New Orleans for their party's national
1988 Aug 14, President Reagan
arrived in New Orleans on the eve of the Republican national
convention that would nominate his vice president, George Bush, to
be its choice to succeed him.
1988 Aug 15, President Reagan
bade a sentimental farewell on the first night of the Republican
national convention in New Orleans, and praised the man destined to
succeed him, Vice President George Bush.
1988 Aug 18, Indiana Sen. Dan
Quayle was nominated to be George Bush's running mate during the
Republican convention in New Orleans; meanwhile, questions were
being raised about Quayle's service in the Indiana National Guard
during the Vietnam War.
1988 Sep 15, Thousands of
coastal residents from Mexico to Louisiana were fleeing to higher
ground, a day after Hurricane Gilbert pounded the Yucatan Peninsula.
1988-1991 Doug Green served as the insurance
commissioner. In 1991 he was convicted in federal court for hiding
that fact that his $2 million election campaign was funded by an
auto insurer that later collapsed due to fraud.
(WSJ, 11/19/99, p.A1)
1989 Jan 21, Former Ku Klux
Klan leader David Duke led a field of seven candidates in an open
primary to advance to a runoff election for a Louisiana state House
1989 The Louisiana legislature
established the Louisiana Wetlands Conservation Authority.
(NH, 2/05, p.46)
1990 Apr 16, The US Supreme
Court rejected appeals by Dalton Prejean, a nearly retarded man
condemned to die for the 1977 murder of a Louisiana state trooper
Prejean was executed the following month.
1990 May 10, Walker Percy
(b.1916), Mississippi-raised physician, novelist (Lancelot), died of
cancer in Covington, Louisiana. His book "The Moviegoer" was the
1962 winner of the National Book Award." His last book, The Thanatos
Syndrome, appeared in 1987.
1990 Jul 27, Louisiana Governor
Buddy Roemer vetoed a tough abortion bill passed by his state’s
1990 Nov 6, William Jefferson
became the 1st African American to be elected to Congress from
Louisiana since Reconstruction. In 2005 he was under FBI
investigation for corruption.
(SFC, 8/4/05, p.A3)
1991 Jun 18, The Louisiana
Legislature enacted a strict anti-abortion law, overriding a veto by
Governor Buddy Roemer.
1991 Oct 19, In Louisiana
former Gov. Edwin Edwards and former Ku Klux Klansman David Duke won
runoff slots in the state's gubernatorial primary.
1991 Nov 16, Former Louisiana
Gov. Edwin Edwards won a landslide victory in his bid to return to
office, defeating state representative David Duke, a former Ku Klux
1991 The Louisiana legislature
approved most of the state’s gambling on the basis of added jobs and
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A14)
1992 Jan 13, Edwin W. Edwards
began his 4th term as governor of Louisiana and continued to Jan 8,
1992 Aug 24, Hurricane Andrew
smashed into Florida, causing record damage; 55 deaths in Florida,
Louisiana and the Bahamas were blamed on the storm.
1992 Aug 25, Hurricane Andrew
thrashed the Louisiana coast.
1992 Oct 21, Jim Garrison,
Louisiana DA who investigated the JFK assassination, died at 70.
1992 Dec, In Louisiana the
Orleans Parish School Board adopted a policy that prohibits school
names honoring former slave owners or others who did not respect
equal opportunity for all.
1992 New Orleans banned racial
discrimination by the Mardi Gras "krewes," organizations that
sponsored floats during Carnival.
(USAT, 3/7/00, p.5A)
1993 May 23, A jury in Baton
Rouge, La., acquitted Rodney Peairs of manslaughter in the shooting
death of Yoshi Hattori, a Japanese exchange student he'd mistaken
for an intruder. Peairs was later found liable in a civil suit
brought by Hattori's parents.
1994 Clyde McCaskill (26), a
witness to a murder case, was shot to death in New Orleans.
Witnesses went mute.
(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A3)
1995 Mar, Patsy Byers was shot
and seriously wounded by Sarah Edmonson and Benjamin Darrus. The two
had just killed a Mississippi man and later asserted that the film
Natural Born Killers inspired their actions.
(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A3)
1995 Nov 18, Mike Foster was
elected as the 53rd governor of Louisiana.
1995 Harrah's opened a New
Orleans riverfront casino with developer Christopher B. Hemmeter
(d.2003). It closed in bankruptcy after 6-months.
(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A29)
1996 Feb 6, Patrick Buchanan
won the Louisiana Republican caucus, upsetting Phil Gramm.
1996 Jul 28, President Clinton,
addressing a veterans convention in New Orleans, called on Congress
to pass expanded anti-terrorism measures.
1996 Laws legalizing video
poker were repealed in 33 of the state’s 64 parishes.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A1)
1996 Troy Domino was released
from Orleans Parish Prison and began painting scenes from
(WSJ, 8/31/01, p.B1)
1996-1997 Oysters from Tomales Bay, Ca., were
removed from market shelves May 15, 1998, due to an unknown agent
causing illness. The symptoms were similar to the Norwalk virus that
caused illnesses around New Orleans during the winter of 1996-1997,
that was traced to human sewage.
(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A7)
1997 Mar 12, Edward DeBartolo
Jr. handed over $400,000 to former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards at
the SF Airport in order to clinch a riverboat gambling license.
(SFC, 3/28/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/12/00, p.A5)
1997 Mar 13, Eddie DeBartolo,
owner of the SF 49ers, was awarded a Louisiana Casino license one
day after paying former Gov. Edwin Edwards $400,000 in cash.
(SFC, 4/12/00, p.A5)
1997 Apr, In New Orleans a
toddler died in a hot van while his baby sitter played video poker
for hours in a cafe.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A14)
1997 May 15, Hayes Williams
(49) was released after 30 years from the State Penitentiary at
Angola after new evidence confirmed his innocence in the 1967 murder
of a white service station owner. He had filed a lawsuit against the
state (Williams vs. Governor John McKeithen) that led to a 25-year
overhaul of Louisiana’s prison system along with federal oversight.
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A3)
1997 May 16, Some 2,500 barrels
of oil leaked near a coastal marsh in Louisiana at lake Barre in
(SFC, 5/20/97, p.A3)
1997 Aug 15, A self-defense
law, passed in June, that permits motorists to use deadly force in a
car-jacking incident took effect.
(SFC, 8/14/97, p.A3)
1997 Aug 15, Beginning today
couples seeking marriage in Louisiana were given the choice between
a traditional or a covenant marriage. The covenant marriage,
designed to make divorce much more difficult, required counseling
and a 2-year cooling off period.
(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A6)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.31)
1997 Jun 19, In New Orleans 2
men, identified as the "Assault Poetry Unit," delivered unmarked
boxes of manifestos, poems and innocuous objects to 14 prominent
people. The targets feared for bombs and the 2 men were arrested for
(SFC, 8/18/97, p.A3)
1997 Sep 30, The Flamingo
riverboat casino closed. It was the last riverboat casino in
downtown New Orleans and the 4th to open and close in the last 4
years. One floating casino was left on Lake Pontchartrain.
(SFC, 10/4/97, p.A4)
1997 Nov 17, From LaPlace, La.
it was reported that Daniel Bank, a mechanic, was arrested and
charged on 3 counts of murder. He was said to have confessed to 6
murders committed to feed a gambling habit from Oct 1966 to Jun
1997 Dec 3, It was reported
that former Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards, Edward J. DeBartolo, owner
of the SF 49ers, and three others were about to be indicted for
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A1)
1998 Sep 11, Tropical Storm
Frances hit the middle of the Texas coast. In Louisiana one person
was killed and 6 were injured. In Houston the streets were flooded.
(SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)
1998 Sep 15-Oct 1, Hurricane
Georges caused 602 deaths in the Caribbean and four in the United
States. The storm hit the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Puerto
Rico, Antigua, Guadeloupe, St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla and British
and U.S. Virgin Islands before striking Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, and Florida.
1998 Sep 24, Eddie DeBartolo,
co-owner of the SF 49ers, struck a deal with federal prosecutors to
keep out of jail. He will pay a fine and testify against former
Louisiana Gov. Edwin Edwards.
(SFC, 9/25/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 6, Eddie DeBartolo Jr.
pleaded guilty in federal court in Louisiana for failing to report
that former governor Edwin Edwards extorted $400,000 from him for a
casino license. He agreed to pay $1 million in penalties, serve 2
years of probation and testify in future trials against Edwards.
(SFC, 10/7/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 9, Ricky Shetler, a
Louisiana casino consultant, pleaded guilty in federal court to
conspiring to funnel $500,000 in cash and material goods to former
Gov. Edwin Edwards and his son Stephen beginning in 1993.
(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A7)
1998 Oct 24, A natural gas well
exploded in Bryceland and killed 7 workers.
(SFC, 10/26/98, p.A4)
1998 Oct 26, Nutrient pollution
known as eutrophication, the overabundance of nitrogen and
phosphorus, was noted on the Chesapeake Bay and estuaries around the
world. A 7,000 sq. mile dead zone was reported to spread every
summer across the Gulf of Mexico from the mouth of the Mississippi.
In 2007 Louisiana crabbers complained of buckets of dead crabs and
the condition in the Gulf of Mexico was expected to get worse due to
rising demand for ethanol and increased corn production in Corn Belt
states, which called for more nitrogen use.
(SFC, 10/25/98, p.A3)(SFC, 12/20/07, p.A26)
1998 Nov 6, Former Gov. Edwin
Edwards (71) was charged in a 34-count federal indictment for trying
to steer gambling licenses to associates in exchange for payoffs
after he left office in 1996.
(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A3)
1998 Dec 31, A truck loaded
with fireworks exploded prior to a New Years Eve show. 2 technicians
(SFC, 1/2/99, p.A12)
1999 Feb 25, Republican
Representative Bob Livingston gave his valedictory speech on the
House floor. He resigned the House following a 21 year legislative
career after admitting to an extra-marital affair.
(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A7)
1999 Apr 22, A 14-year-old boy
opened fire at a middle school in Scotlandville, a suburb of Baton
Rouge, and a 14-yar-old girl was hit in the cheek.
(SFC, 4/23/99, p.A3)
1999 Apr 27, Al Hirt, "The King
of the Trumpet," died in New Orleans at age 76.
(SFC, 4/27/99, p.C4)
1999 May 9, In Louisiana a bus,
bound for a gambling excursion, crashed on I-610 in New Orleans and
23 people were killed.
(SFC, 5/10/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/10/99, p.A1)
1999 Jul 6, In Louisiana Gov.
Mike Foster signed a polite-student law that required students to
address teachers with appropriate titles.
(SFC, 7/7/99, p.A3)
1999 Oct 23, In Louisiana Gov.
Mike Foster was elected to a 2nd term. His grandfather served as
governor at the turn of the 19th century.
(SFEC, 10/24/99, p.A7)\
1999 Oct 28, A new $970 million
Harrah's casino opened in New Orleans with no hotel and just one
250-seat eatery. Some of the costs included funds for a failed
temporary operation. A $100 million annual tax payment to the state
was part of the operating deal. Bankruptcy threatened operations one
(WSJ, 10/28/99, p.B1)(SFC, 12/7/00, p.B12)
1999 Dec 13, In Louisiana 8
Cuban nationals at the St. Matin Parish jail in St. Martinville took
as hostage Warden Todd Louvierre, 2 deputies, and 5 inmates. They
demanded either freedom or deportation. 2 Cubans surrendered on Dec
17 and freed 3 female hostages. An agreement was reached Dec 18 for
the Cubans to return to Cuba.
(SFC, 12/15/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A3)(SFEC,
2000 May 9, Former Gov. Edwin
Edwards and his son Stephen were convicted of fraud and racketeering
for extorting money from businessmen applying for riverboat casino
(SFC, 5/10/00, p.A3)
2000 Jun 6, In New Orleans the
National D-Day Museum opened on the 56th anniversary of the Allied
landing to liberate Europe from Nazi terror.
(SFC, 6/7/00, p.A3)
2000 Nov 5, Jimmie Davis,
former 2-term governor, died at about age 101.
(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A23)
2001 Jan 8, Former Gov. Edwin
Edwards was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $250,000 for
extortion. His son, Stephen, was sentenced to 7 years and fined
(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A3)
2001 Mar, The state legislature
agreed to cut Harrah’s taxes in half and New Orleans agreed to drop
fees by $5 million in order to keep the casino open and save 2,800
(SSFC, 5/27/01, p.A19)
2001 May 5, Boozoo Chavis (70),
Zydeco accordionist, died in Lake Charles, La. He recorded one of
the 1st Zydeco hits "Paper In My Shoe in 1954."
(SFC, 5/7/01, p.C5)
2001 Jun 10, Tropical storm
Allison hung over Texas and Louisiana and killed at least 16 people.
Pres. Bush declared 28 counties disaster areas due to flooding.
(SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/11/01, p.A1)
2001 Sep 5, Justin Wilson,
Cajun humorist and chef, died at age 87. He authored 5 cookbooks and
released 27 albums of short stories and an album of Christmas songs.
(SFC, 9/7/01, p.D5)
2001 Sep, Derrick Todd Lee
began a series of murders in Louisiana that continued to Mar, 2003.
He was arrested in 2003 and linked to the murder of 6 women.
(USAT, 1/16/04, p.1D)
2001 Dec 11, A federal appeals
court struck a law that allowed vocal classroom prayer. Louisiana
had passed a 1976 law that required schools to allow a brief time in
"silent meditation." In 1992 the wording was changed to "silent
prayer or meditation." In 1999 the word "silent" was deleted.
(SFC, 12/12/01, p.A7)
2001 Tyler Bridges authored
""Bad Bet on the Bayou: The Rise of Gambling in Louisiana and the
Fall of Governor Edwin Edwards."
(WSJ, 6/1/01, p.W12)
2002 Feb 2, New Orleans voters
approved a $1 per hour increase in the minimum wage above the $5.15
federal standard in a referendum that went to court for resolution.
(SSFC, 2/17/02, p.A9)
2002 Mar 2, Ray Nagin, a VP for
Cox Communications, won mayoral elections in New Orleans over Police
Superintendent Richard Pennington (58-42%).
(SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A10)
2002 Apr 6, Some 90,000 gallons
of oil from a ruptured pipeline spilled into the coastal area of
(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A15)
2002 May 10, NBA owners
approved the Hornets' move to New Orleans, ending the team's 14-year
era in Charlotte.
2002 May 25, Vinicia Smith (16)
was killed by a group of children and teenagers in front of her home
in New Orleans. 2 young girls were booked on 2nd-degree murder
(SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A9)
2002 Aug 2, In Louisiana Gov.
Mike Foster declared a state of emergency after West Nile virus
killed 4 residents and infected another 58.
(SFC, 8/3/02, p.A3)
2002 Sep 3, Louisiana State
Univ. fired Dr. Steven J. Hatfill after the Justice Dept. said the
school could not use him on grants funded by the agency. The firing
came following FBI investigations of Hatfill and naming him as a
"person of interest."
(SFC, 9/5/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)
2002 Sep 23, Hong Im Ballenger,
a beauty shop manager in Baton Rouge, La., was shot to death. Her
murder was later attributed to John Allen Muhammed, the Washington
(SFC, 11/1/02, p.A3)
2002 Nov 20, Louisiana began
offering a $4-a-tail bounty on the swamp-dwelling nutria rodent, due
to wetlands damage from devoured plants.
(SFC, 11/20/02, p.A2)
2002 Nov 20, A Louisiana
Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the state’s 197-year-old sodomy
law does not discriminate against gays and lesbians.
(SFC, 11/23/02, p.A5)
2002 Dec 7, Louisiana
Democratic Sen. Mary Landrieu beat Republican Suzanne Terrell in a
runoff 52-48%, despite a recent visit by Pres. Bush.
(WSJ, 12/4/02, p.A1)(AP, 12/8/02)
2002 Nearly half of Louisiana's
875 traffic deaths this year were alcohol-related.
(WSJ, 12/1/03, p.A11)
2003 Apr 14, In New Orleans a
gunman with an AK-47 shot a killed one boy (15) at the John
McDonough High School. 3 teenage girls were wounded. 4 suspects were
arrested in the gang-related shooting.
(SFC, 4/15/03, p.A4)
2003 May 9, Russell Long
(b.1918), U.S. senator from Louisiana, died. He was 1st elected to
the senate in 1948 and served for over 32 years.
(HN, 11/3/98)(SFC, 5/10/03, p.A13)
2003 May 26, FBI and state
police issued fugitive and murder warrants for Derrick Todd Lee, a
prime suspect in the killings of 5 women in south Louisiana.
(SFC, 5/27/03, p.A3)(AP, 5/28/03)
2003 May 27, Derrick Todd Lee,
a suspected serial killer of women in Louisiana, was arrested in
2003 Oct 13, In Louisiana a bus
crash on I-20 killed 8 members of a Texas church group after the
driver fell asleep.
(WSJ, 10/14/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 15, In Louisiana
Democratic Lt. Gov. Kathleen Blanco (60) defeated conservative
Indian-American Bobby Jindal with 52 percent of the vote in a runoff
2003 Dec 15, Senator John
Breaux (59) of Louisiana announced that he would not seek
re-election in 2004.
(SFC, 12/16/03, p.A8)
2003 Mike Tidwell authored
"Bayou Farewell: The Rich Life and Tragic Death of Louisiana’s Cajun
(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.M4)
2003 Bob Odom, Louisiana’s
agricultural commissioner, backed a new $45 million sugar processing
mill for the state’s south-west sugar farmers. Operations were
planned to begin in the fall of 2005.
(Econ, 3/26/05, p.34)
2004 Feb 21, The Mississippi
was closed near New Orleans following a ship collision that left 5
(WSJ, 2/23/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 19, The annual
environmental Goldman Prizes were awarded in SF. Winners included
Margie Richard of the US for her work following chemical leaks in
(SFC, 4/19/04, p.B5)
2004 Aug 6, Louisiana’s
Democrat Rep. Rodney Alexander (57) switched party affiliations and
filed as a Republican 30 minutes before a deadline.
(SFC, 8/13/04, p.A4)
2004 Sep 16, Hurricane Ivan
slammed ashore in Alabama with winds of 130 mph, packing deadly
tornadoes and a powerful punch of waves and rain that threatened to
swamp communities from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle. At least
23 people were killed.
(AP, 9/16/04)(SFC, 9/17/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 16, Waves from
Hurricane Ivan triggered an underwater mudslide that toppled a
Taylor Energy Company oil platform and buried 28 wells under
sediment 10 miles off the coast of Louisiana. By 2015 it was
estimated that some 300,000 to 1.4 million gallons of oil had
spilled from the site.
(SFC, 4/17/15, p.A6)
2004 Sep 17, The violent
remains of Hurricane Ivan pounded a large swath of the eastern
United States, drenching an area from Georgia to Ohio. Ivan left 70
dead in the Caribbean and 40 dead in the US including 4 in Alabama,
16 in Florida, 4 in Georgia, 4 in Louisiana, 3 in Mississippi, and 8
in North Carolina.
(AP, 9/17/04)(SFC, 9/18/04, p.A16)
2004 Sep 18, Louisiana voters
overwhelmingly approved a state constitutional amendment banning
same-sex marriages and civil unions.
2004 Oct 5, A Louisiana state
judge threw out the new constitutional amendment banning gay
marriage because it also banned civil unions.
(SFC, 10/6/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 12, A jury in Baton
Rouge, La., took 80 minutes to find suspected serial killer Derrick
Todd Lee guilty of first-degree murder in the death of 22-year-old
Charlotte Murray Pace. Lee was later sentenced to death for Pace's
2004 Oct, New Orleans began
installing surveillance cameras, initially in drug-dealing hot
spots. By March 2005 about 240 of the proposed 1,000 cameras were in
2004 Dec 4, In Congressional
runoff races Republican Charles Boustany won the 7th District and
Democrat Charles Melancon won the 3rd.
(SSFC, 12/5/04, p.A2)
2005 Jan 16, Acclaimed prison
journalist Wilbert Rideau spent his first full day of freedom after
being released from prison, where he'd spent nearly 44 years for the
1961 killing of Louisiana bank teller Julia Ferguson. During his
time in prison Rideau received national fame for his work editing
the prison newspaper, the Angolite. In 2010 Rideau authored “In the
Place of Justice: A Story of Punishment and Deliverance."
(AP, 1/16/06)(SSFC, 5/2/10, p.F2)
2005 Jul 15, It was reported
that an estimated 100,000 gamecock breeders operated in the US,
where cockfights were only legal in Louisiana and New Mexico.
Breeders prepared the birds with injections of testosterone and
(WSJ, 7/15/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 30, Rep. William
Jefferson, D-La., received $100,000 at the Ritz-Carlton in
Arlington, Virginia, to use for bribing Abubakar Atiku,
vice-president of Nigeria. Vernon Jackson, a Kentucky businessman,
later admitted to paying over $400,000 in bribes to secure deals for
his telecommunications company in Nigeria and other African
countries. Documents released in 2005 said an FBI informant recorded
a video of the transaction.
(SFC, 5/22/06, p.A3)
2005 Aug 27, Coastal residents
jammed freeways and gas stations as they rushed to get out of the
way of Hurricane Katrina, which was headed toward New Orleans.
2005 Aug 28, In Louisiana Mayor
Ray Nagin ordered an immediate evacuation for all of New Orleans, a
city sitting below sea level with 485,000 inhabitants, as Hurricane
Katrina bore down with wind revved up to nearly 175 mph and a threat
of a massive storm surge.
2005 Aug 29, Hurricane Katrina
hit the Gulf Coast near Buras, La., as a Category 3 storm. Katrina
ripped two holes in the curved roof of the Louisiana Superdome,
letting in rain as thousands of storm refugees huddled inside. In
Mississippi many of the 13 floating casinos in Biloxi and Gulfport
smashed historic homes and buildings. The Grand Casino Biloxi
destroyed the historic Hotel Tivoli. Storm surges and winds from
Katrina unleashed at least 40 oil spills and some 193,000 barrels of
oil and other petrochemicals were driven across fragile marshy
ecosystems southeast of New Orleans. The death toll from Katrina
eventually reached at least 1,600. An estimated 300 Louisiana
residents died out of state; some 230 people perished in
Mississippi. Property damage estimates were in the hundreds of
billions of dollars.
(SFC, 9/6/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/23/05, p.A1)(WSJ,
3/21/06, p.A1)(AP, 8/29/06)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.36)
2005 Aug 29, In New Orleans 34
people died at a Tenet Healthcare hospital after Hurricane Katrina
knocked out power and the temperature inside the building rose to
more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). The
hospital’s windows couldn’t be opened. On July 22, 2011, a
judge approved a $25 million class-action settlement over the deaths
of the patients. The Dallas-based company settled 11 other cases
(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/4kbb8dp)
2005 Aug 30, The death toll in
Mississippi from Hurricane Katrina passed 100. Flooding reached 11
feet in Mobile, Ala. Breaches in at least 2 levees from Lake
Pontchartrain put parts of New Orleans under 20 feet of water. Mayor
Ray Nagin estimated that 80% of New Orleans was flooded. Tourists
snapped pictures of looters in the French Quarter.
(AP, 8/30/05)(SFC, 8/31/05, p.A10)
2005 Aug 31, The Bush
administration said it will release oil from federal petroleum
reserves to help refiners affected by Hurricane Katrina. New Orleans
Mayor Ray Nagin said there was a significant number of dead bodies
in the water'' following Hurricane Katrina; Nagin ordered virtually
the entire police force to abandon search-and-rescue efforts and
instead stop thieves who were becoming increasingly hostile.
President Bush pledged to do all in our power'' to save lives and
provide sustenance but cautioned that recovery of the Gulf Coast
would take years.
(AP, 8/31/05)(AP, 8/31/06)
2005 Aug 31, At least 25,000 of
Hurricane Katrina's refugees, a majority of them at the New Orleans
Superdome, began traveling in a bus convoy to Houston and will be
sheltered at the 40-year-old Astrodome, which hasn't been used for
professional sporting events in years. New Orleans Mayor Nagin
called for a total evacuation. He said hundreds were dead and
ordered police to stop looters.
(AP, 8/31/05)(SFC, 9/1/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 1, New Orleans Mayor
Ray Nagin issued "a desperate SOS" as anger mounted across the
ruined city, with thousands of Hurricane Katrina victims
increasingly hungry, desperate and tired of waiting for buses to
take them out. New Orleans descended into anarchy, as corpses lay
abandoned in street medians, fights and fires broke out and storm
survivors battled for seats on the buses that would carry them away
from the chaos. Fights and trash fires broke out at the hot and
stinking Superdome and anger and unrest mounted across New Orleans,
as National Guardsmen in armored vehicles poured in to help restore
order across the increasingly lawless and desperate city.
(AP, 9/1/05)(AP, 9/1/06)
2005 Sep 2, Pres. Bush made a
tour of damages from Hurricane Katrina in Alabama, Mississippi and
New Orleans. He acknowledged that current relief results were not
acceptable. A National Guard convoy packed with food, water and
medicine rolled into New Orleans to bring relief suffering
multitudes and put down the looting and violence. Scorched by
criticism about sluggish federal help, President Bush acknowledged
the government's failure to stop lawlessness and help desperate
people during a daylong tour of the Gulf Coast. During a live TV
benefit concert, rapper Kanye West went off-script to sharply
(SFC, 9/3/05, p.A1)(AP, 9/2/05)(AP, 9/2/06)
2005 Sep 2, FEMA signed a
6-month contract with Carnival Cruise Lines for 3 ships to help in
relief operations from Hurricane Katrina at a cost of $236 million.
(SFC, 9/28/05, p.A12)
2005 Sep 2, In New Orleans
Henry Glover (31) was shot and killed by police, who then burned his
body. In 2010 a US federal grand jury indicted 3 current and 2
former New Orleans police officers in the shooting of Henry Glover
(31). On Dec 9, 2010, former officer David Warren was found guilty
of manslaughter. Officer Gregory McRae was found guilty of burning
Glover’s body in a car. In 2012 an appeals court overturned Warren’s
conviction and scheduled a new trial. On Dec 11, 2013, a federal
jury acquitted David Warren of a civil rights violation and a
firearm charge. In 2014 Gregory McRae (53) already imprisoned for
burning Henry Glover's body, was re-sentenced to 17-years, 3-month
in prison. On April 1, 2015, Coroner Jeffrey Rouse classified
Glover’s death as a homicide.
(SFC, 6/12/10, p.A9)(SFC, 12/10/10,
p.A14)(SFC, 12/12/13, p.A8)(AP, 8/15/14)(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A5)
2005 Sep 2, In New Orleans
police Officer Ronald Mitchell shot and killed Danny Brumfeld (45)
outside the city’s convention center. In 2011 Mitchell was convicted
of lying about the aftermath of the deadly shooting.
2005 Sep 3, President Bush
ordered more than 7,000 active duty forces to the Gulf Coast as his
administration intensified efforts to rescue survivors and send aid
to the hurricane-ravaged Gulf Coast in the face of criticism it did
not act quickly enough.
2005 Sep 3, The Gulf emirate of
Qatar announced it will donate 100 million dollars to relief efforts
for the US victims of Hurricane Katrina. The funds included a $17.5
million grant to Xavier University in New Orleans, which serves
mostly black Americans.
(AFP, 9/3/05)(Econ, 9/9/06, p.48)
2005 Sep 4, US Health and Human
Services Secretary Michael Leavitt said the death toll from
Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath is in the thousands.
2005 Sep 4, In New Orleans
police killed at least 4 people, who allegedly shot at contractors.
The official Louisiana state death toll due to Hurricane Katrina
stood at 59 but the number was expected to rise to thousands. In
2008 federal officials opened an investigations into shootings on
the Danziger Bridge where 2 people were killed and 4 wounded. In
2010 former Lt. Michael Lohman pleaded guilty to conspiring to
obstruct justice. He and others filed false reports to make the
shootings on the Danziger Bridge seem justifiable. On April 16,
2010, officer Robert Barrios was charged with conspiring to obstruct
justice in relation to the bridge shootings.
(SFC, 9/5/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/1/08, p.A5)(SFC,
2/25/10, p.A4)(SFC, 4/17/10, p.A4)
2005 Sep 5, President Bush
nominated John Roberts (50) to succeed William H. Rehnquist as chief
justice and called on the Senate to confirm him before the Supreme
Court opens its fall term on Oct. 3. Roberts could shape the court
for decades to come. President Bush and Louisiana Gov. Kathleen
Blanco, during a Gulf Coast tour, consoled Hurricane Katrina victims
and thanked relief workers.
(AP, 9/5/05)(AP, 9/5/06)
2005 Sep 6, New Orleans Mayor
C. Ray Nagin instructed law enforcement officers and the US military
to evacuate all holdouts for their own safety. He warned that the
fetid water could spread disease and that natural gas was leaking
all over town.
2005 Sep 7, More than 30
patients were reportedly found dead overcome by floods at the St.
Rita’s nursing home in suburban New Orleans.
2005 Sep 7, Police in Gretna,
Louisiana, pushed back victims trying to leave New Orleans on the
Crescent City Connection, and refused passage.
(SFC, 9/9/05, p.B10)
2005 Sep 8, US Congress
hastened to provide an additional $51.8 billion for relief and
recovery from Hurricane Katrina; President Bush pledged to make it
"easy and simple as possible" for uncounted, uprooted storm victims
to collect food stamps and other government benefits. Tropical Storm
Ophelia strengthened into a hurricane as it stalled 70 miles off the
northeast Florida coast. New Orleans was still 60% flooded.
(WSJ, 9/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/06)
2005 Sep 8, US grain prices
were reported down as grain elevators along the Mississippi filled
to capacity and grain handling due to Katrina fell to 63%. Early
harvests from Arkansas were particularly hit.
(WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/9/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 10, Cadaver dogs and
boatloads of forensic workers fanned out across New Orleans to
collect the corpses left behind by Hurricane Katrina; cleanup crews
towed away abandoned cars and even began readying a hotel for
2005 Sep 11, Pres. Bush arrived
in New Orleans for a 3rd visit. The airport announced that it will
resume some commercial flights this week and the largest levee
breech was reported closed.
(SFC, 9/12/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 12, Michael Brown, the
director of the US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA),
resigned after being recalled to Washington amid criticism of the
federal response to Hurricane Katrina. Officials reported that 45
bodies were found at Memorial Hospital in New Orleans. This raised
the official death toll from Hurricane Katrina in Louisiana to 280.
(Reuters, 9/12/05)(SFC, 9/13/05, p.A8)
2005 Sep 13, Louisiana
authorities charged the owners of a New Orleans area nursing home
with negligent homicide in the deaths of 34 patients in the wake of
Hurricane Katrina. The state death toll was raised to 423.
(SFC, 9/14/05, p.A10)
2005 Sep 13, The New Orleans
Airport resumed commercial operations.
2005 Sep 14, The Port of New
Orleans resumed commercial operations. Officials said damage to
agriculture in the Gulf states due to Hurricane Katrina has topped
(AP, 9/14/05)(SFC, 9/15/05, p.C1)
2005 Sep 15, Pres. Bush
prepared to give a speech in Louisiana outlining government plans to
rebuild the region devastated by Hurricane Katrina, as the disaster
death toll passed the 700 mark.
2005 Sep 19, New Orleans Mayor
C. Ray Nagin, facing pressure from Washington and Hurricane Rita on
the way, halted his campaign to repopulate his city and ordered the
few residents and business owners who had returned to leave again.
2005 Sep 21, Hurricane Rita
intensified into a Category 5 storm with 140 mph winds and
threatened to devastate the Texas coast or already-battered
Louisiana by week's end. More than 1.3 million people in Texas and
Louisiana were evacuated The death toll from Katrina topped 1,000.
(AP, 9/21/05)(SFC, 9/22/05, p.A1)(AP, 9/21/06)
2005 Sep 23, Hurricane Rita,
dropped to Category 4, moved toward the Texas and Louisiana coast
with 135 mph winds, creating monumental traffic jams along
evacuation routes and raising fears of a crippling blow to the
nation's oil-refining industry.
2005 Sep 23, In New Orleans
water poured over a patched levee, cascading into one of the city's
lowest-lying neighborhoods and heightening fears that Hurricane Rita
would re-flood this devastated city.
2005 Sep 24, Hurricane Rita,
reduced to Category 3, made landfall east of Sabine Pass, on the
Texas-Louisiana line, smashing windows, sparking fires and knocking
power out to more than 1 million customers, but largely sparing
vulnerable Houston and already reeling New Orleans. Within hours it
weakened to Category 2.
2005 Sep 27, Former FEMA
director Michael Brown angrily blamed the Louisiana governor, the
New Orleans mayor and even the Bush White House that appointed him
for the dismal response to Hurricane Katrina in a fiery appearance
before Congress; in response, lawmakers alternately lambasted and
mocked the former official.
2005 Sep 27, New Orleans Police
Superintendent Eddie Compass stepped down from his post 4 weeks
after Hurricane Katrina destroyed the city.
2005 Sep 30, New Orleans Mayor
Ray Nagin invited residents of some of the city's most popular
neighborhoods to return at their own risk beginning today, a move
that could bring back about one-third of the city's half-million
2005 Oct 3, The search for
bodies due to Hurricane Katrina ended with a toll of 972 confirmed
deaths in Louisiana. Mississippi had 221 confirmed dead.
(WSJ, 10/4/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/05, p.A4)
2005 Oct 8, In New Orleans
Robert Davis, a retired elementary teacher, was repeatedly punched
in the head by police in an incident caught on videotape. Davis was
not drunk, put up no resistance and was baffled by what happened. In
Dec two police officers were fired for the incident.
(AP, 10/11/05)(SFC, 10/11/05, p.A4)(SFC,
2005 Oct 8, Amtrak resumed
passenger rail service to New Orleans as the train called the City
of New Orleans arrived with 29 passengers aboard.
2005 Oct 10, President Bush
dined in the French Quarter of New Orleans and stayed in a luxury
hotel to showcase progress in hurricane-battered city, which was
reported to be turning its attention to removing and scrapping some
200,000 cars, abandoned and waterlogged from Hurricane Katrina.
(SFC, 10/10/05, p.A5)(AP, 10/10/06)
2005 Nov 5, Louisiana Gov.
Kathleen Blanco slashed state spending by $431 million, but still
faced a half a billion shortfall due to Hurricane Katrina.
(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A7)
2005 Nov 13, It was reported
that within days after Hurricane Katrina hit, Lily Duke managed to
do what other relief agencies couldn't: get food and water to her
neighbors in New Orleans. Since then she's expanded her network,
distributing medicine, packaged lunches and bags of ice to as many
as 20,000 people a day.
2005 Nov 29, New Orleans Mayor
Ray Nagin announced the beginning of operations for a free city-wide
wireless Internet service, the nation’s 1st such operation. He said
the services would be available city-wide in about a year.
(WSJ, 11/30/05, p.D4)
2005 Dec 26, New Orleans Police
officers shot and killed a man brandishing a knife in a
confrontation that was partially videotaped by a bystander, setting
off another internal investigation of the embattled department.
2006 Jan 13, The population of
New Orleans was estimated at 40% of its original 460,000.
(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.A1)
2006 Feb 2, Tornadoes tore
through New Orleans neighborhoods that had been hit hard by
Hurricane Katrina five months earlier.
2006 Feb 13, US government
investigators told the Senate that FEMA has let nearly 11,000 unused
manufactured homes deteriorate on old runways and open fields in
Arkansas, and spent $416,000 per person to house a few hundred
Hurricane Katrina evacuees for a short time in Alabama last fall.
Auditors reported that millions of dollars in disaster aid had been
squandered, paying for such items as a $450 tattoo and $375-a-day
(USAT, 2/14/06)(AP, 2/13/07)
2006 Feb 17, Louisiana
lawmakers voted to assume control of new Orleans levees from local
(WSJ, 2/18/06, p.A1)
2006 Feb 20, Louisiana Gov.
Kathleen Blanco outlined a $7.5 billion rebuilding, relocation and
buyout plan for residents whose homes were damaged by last year’s
(SFC, 2/21/06, p.A4)
2006 Apr 22, In New Orleans,
La., Mayor Ray Nagin failed to get a majority vote and was forced
into a runoff to be held in May with Lt. Gov. Mitch Landrieu.
(SSFC, 4/23/06, p.A3)
2006 May 3, Vernon Jackson
(53), owner of iGate, pleaded guilty in Alexandria, Virginia, to
bribing Rep. William Jefferson, D-La., with more than $400,000 to
promote the Kentucky’s firm’s high tech business in Africa between
2001 and 2005.
(SFC, 5/4/06, p.A3)
2006 May 20, New Orleans Voters
re-elected Mayor Ray Nagin, whose blunt style endeared him to some
but outraged others after Hurricane Katrina, giving him four more
years to oversee one of the largest rebuilding projects in U.S.
2006 May 21, In Louisiana a
shooting spree at The Ministry of Jesus Christ church in Baton Rouge
left 4 people dead. Anthony Bell (25) then kidnapped his wife and
killed her. He was charged with murder in the deaths of his wife and
her grandparents, great aunt and a cousin.
(AP, 5/22/06)(SFC, 5/22/06, p.A3)
2006 May 24, House Republican
and Democratic leaders jointly demanded the FBI return documents
taken in a Capitol Hill raid as part of a bribery investigation of
Rep. William Jefferson of Louisiana.
2006 Jun 1, A contrite U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers took responsibility for the flooding of New
Orleans by Hurricane Katrina.
2006 Jun 13, US Congressional
investigators said fake aid to Katrina victims may have cost
taxpayers up to $1.4 billion. A FEMA official found the claims hard
(WSJ, 6/14/06, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/15/06, p.A1)
2006 Jun 15, US House Democrats
voted to strip embattled Louisiana Congressman William Jefferson of
his seat on the House Ways and Means Committee.
2006 Jun 17, In Louisiana 5
people aged 16-19 were gunned down just outside the business
district of New Orleans.
(SSFC, 6/18/06, p.A4)
2006 Jun 19, New Orleans Mayor
Ray Nagin asked the state to send National Guard troops to help
patrol the city streets under a growing crime problem. Louisiana
Gov. Kathleen Blanco said she would send National Guard troops and
state police to patrol the streets of New Orleans after a bloody
weekend in which six people were killed.
(SFC, 6/20/06, p.A1)(AP, 6/19/07)
2006 Jul 7, Louisiana joined 21
other states in banning Internet hunting, the practice of using a
mouse click to kill animals on a distant game farm.
2006 Jul 17, Louisiana Attorney
General Charles Foti alleged that a doctor and two nurses decided to
administer lethal doses of morphine and a sedative to at least four
trapped and desperately ill patients during Hurricane Katrina.
2006 Jun 20, National Guardsmen
rolled into New Orleans to reinforce a depleted police department
and battle a surge in violence.
2006 Jul 28, In New Orleans 4
men, 3 brothers and a friend, were killed in the Treme neighborhood
as they sat on the porch of an abandoned house. The dead included
16-year-old twins, their brother (21) and a friend (39). Another
shooting the next day put the year to date homicide number in New
Orleans at 77.
(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A15)
2006 Aug 16, Over 80 immigrant
workers in New Orleans filed suit against Decatur Hotels LLC saying
they were being exploited. The workers from Peru, Bolivia and the
Dominican Rep. had not been reimbursed for travel and were not
getting the promised work hours.
(SFC, 8/17/06, p.A16)
2006 Aug 17, In New Orleans
Merck & Co. lost a second federal trial over its withdrawn
painkiller Vioxx and must pay $51 million to a retired FBI agent who
had a heart attack after taking the drug for more than two years.
2006 Aug 24, A US House report
said 70% of contracts for Hurricane Katrina were let with little or
no competition. 4 Katrina contractors were indicted for taking
$700,000 for no work.
(WSJ, 8/25/06, p.A1)
2006 Aug 29, President George
Bush visited New Orleans one year after Hurricane Katrina devastated
the region to offer comfort and hope to residents.
2006 Sep 25, Murphy Oil agreed
to pay $330 million to settle a class-action suit filed by victims
of Hurricane Katrina whose homes and businesses were inundated when
floodwaters carried nearly 1.1 million gallons of crude oil from a
company storage tank.
(WSJ, 9/26/06, p.A12)
2006 Sep 25, The Louisiana
Superdome, a symbol of misery during Hurricane Katrina, reopened for
a New Orleans Saints game. The Saints defeated the Atlanta Falcons,
2006 Oct 12, A blast occurred
when a tugboat pushing two barges hit an undersea pipeline in West
Cote Blanche Bay, 100 miles southwest of New Orleans. 4 bodies were
found and 2 people were missing.
(WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/06)
2006 Nov 29, A US federal judge
ordered FEMA to resume housing payments to Katrina victims.
(WSJ, 11/30/06, p.A1)
2006 Dec 4, In Jena, La., six
black students (the Jena Six) beat a white schoolmate in an
altercation that stemmed from the hanging of nooses in August in a
tree on school grounds under which white students regularly
gathered. The black teenagers were initially charged with attempted
murder, but later dropped to aggravated second-degree battery in 4
cases. In September, 2007, charges against Mychal Bell were moved to
juvenile court following huge civil rights protests. It was later
reported that 7 black students were involved in the Dec 4 beating.
On Dec 3, 2007, Bell pleaded guilty to a juvenile charge of 2nd
degree battery in return for an 18-month sentence. On June 26, 2009,
5 members of the Jena 6 pleaded no contests to misdemeanor simple
battery with no jail time.
(SFC, 9/21/07, p.A3)(SFC, 9/28/07, p.A3)(Econ,
9/29/07, p.33)(SFC, 12/4/07, p.A3)(SFC, 6/27/09, p.A5)
2006 Dec 30, The body of Gerald
Washington (57), mayor-elect of Westlake, Louisiana, was found shot
to death in the parking lot of a former school. He was the first
black man elected to lead the largely white town. On Jan 2
investigators ruled his death a suicide.
(AP, 1/2/07)(SFC, 1/3/07, p.A2)
2007 Jan 6, New Orleans
considered a curfew as 8 slayings took place in the 1st week of the
(SSFC, 1/7/07, p.A10)
2007 Feb 13, A powerful storm
and likely a tornado hit the New Orleans area killing an elderly
woman, injuring at least 15 other people.
2007 Mar 12, New Mexico’s Gov.
Bill Richardson signed a bill that outlawed cockfighting. This left
Louisiana as the only state to allow organized cockfighting.
(WSJ, 3/13/07, p.A4)
2007 Mar, Some 47 bodies of
bottlenose dolphins washed up on the shores near Galveston, Texas.
Toxins off the Louisiana coast were suspected.
(SFC, 3/19/07, p.A2)
2007 Apr 3, Eddie Robinson
(b.1919), 56-year head football coach at Grambling College, died in
2007 Apr 24, A tornado in the
Texas border town of Eagle Pass killed at least 10 people and
destroyed two schools and more than 20 homes. The storm killed 2
more people in Arkansas and Louisiana.
(AP, 4/25/07)(SFC, 4/26/07, p.A3)
2007 Jun 4, US Rep. William
Jefferson, a Democrat from Louisiana, was indicted for graft
involving Nigerian business schemes that netted him over $500,000 in
bribes. Jefferson has maintained his innocence.
(WSJ, 6/5/07, p.A1)(AP, 6/4/08)
2007 Jul 9, US Sen. David
Vitter, R-La., acknowledged that he was on the list of phone records
just released by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the alleged “D.C. Madam."
(SFC, 7/11/07, p.A6)
2007 Aug 2, A US appeals court
ruled that Katrina victims cannot collect for damage from levee
(WSJ, 8/3/07, p.A1)
2007 Sep 6, A jury in St.
Francisville, La., acquitted Sal and Mabel Mangano, the owners of a
nursing home where 35 patients died after Hurricane Katrina, of
negligent homicide and cruelty charges.
2007 Sep 20, Some 20,000 people
gathered in Jena, Louisiana, to protest what they considered to be
the overzealous prosecution of 6 black high school students charged
with beating a white schoolmate last December.
(SFC, 9/21/07, p.A3)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.33)
2007 Oct 4, Former city
maintenance worker John Ashley shot five people in a law office in
Alexandria, La., killing two of them; Ashley was shot and killed by
police following a standoff.
2007 Oct 20, Piyush "Bobby"
Jindal (36), the son of Punjabi immigrants, won an election in
Louisiana to become the United States' first Indian-American state
governor. Jindal, a Republican member of the House of
Representatives, also became the youngest governor in the US. He
became the first nonwhite to hold the job since Reconstruction.
(AFP, 10/21/07)(AP, 10/20/08)
2007 Nov 16, Marchers
surrounded the Justice Department headquarters to demand federal
intervention in the Jena Six case in Louisiana and stepped-up
enforcement of hate crimes.
2007 Dec 13, In Louisiana 2
graduate students from India were found tied up and shot in the head
on the edge of Louisiana State Univ.
(SFC, 12/15/07, p.A4)
2007 Dec 20, The New Orleans
City Council voted to demolish 4,500 public housing units as police
used chemical spray and stun guns to on dozens of protesters who
tried to force themselves into the council chamber.
(SFC, 12/21/07, p.A6)
2008 Feb 8, In Louisiana Latina
Williams (23) shot and killed 2 fellow students, Karsheika Graves
(21) and Taneshia Butler (26), at Louisiana Technical College.
(SFC, 2/9/08, p.A4)
2008 Feb 9, Sen. Barack Obama
swept the Louisiana primary and caucuses in Nebraska and Washington
state, slicing into Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton's slender delegate
lead in their historic race for the Democratic presidential
nomination. Obama also won almost 90% in the Virgin Islands. McCain
narrowly won Washington while Huckabee took Kansas along with a
narrow win in Louisiana.
(AP, 2/10/08)(SSFC, 2/10/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 22, In New Orleans
Pres. Bush ended a 2-day meeting with PM Harper of Canada and Pres.
Calderon of Mexico as all three defended NAFTA. Bush denied the US
is in recession calling the current economic situation a slowdown.
(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)
2008 May 8, In Louisiana Carl
Hunter (73), a construction company owner who lost two homes in
Hurricane Katrina, claimed a $97 million Powerball prize, a jackpot
won off a ticket he bought at a convenience store where he stopped
to buy his wife a gallon of milk. Hunter took a lump sum payment
that will give him $33.9 million after taxes.
2008 May 17, In Louisiana 6
train cars derailed spilling 8-10 thousand gallons of hydrochloric
acid and forming a toxic cloud over Lafayette, 125 miles west of New
(WSJ, 5/19/08, p.A2)
2008 Jun 25, The US Supreme
Court ruled the death penalty cannot be imposed for child rape, its
first decision in more than 30 years on whether a crime other than
murder can be punished by execution. It struck down a Louisiana law
that allowed the execution of people convicted of a raping a child.
2008 Jun 30, Louisiana’s Gov.
Jindal vetoed a 123% pay increase passed the state’s legislators.
Their pay had not risen since 1980. he had initially refused to veto
2008 Jul 23, In Louisiana an
oil tanker and an oil barge collided near New Orleans creating a
12-mile oil slick and closing almost 100 miles of the Mississippi
River. Over 400,000 gallons of fuel spilled into the river.
(SFC, 7/24/08, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/08, p.A2)
2008 Sep 1, Hurricane Gustav
smashed into the Gulf coast as a Category 2 storm with 110-mph winds
just southwest of New Orleans, where levees held as waves splashed
over. Some 750,000 people were left without power in Louisiana. It
was later estimated that the storm caused at least $372 in damage to
(SFC, 9/2/08, p.A1)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.36)(Econ,
2008 Sep 2, New Orleans
residents were blocked from returning home due to damage from
Hurricane Gustav, but Mayor Nagin said they would be allowed back on
(WSJ, 9/3/08, p.A1)
2008 Sep 23, Ronald Dominique,
suspected of killing as many as 23 men in southern Louisiana over 10
years, pleaded guilty to killing 8 men. He was sentenced to serve 8
consecutive sentences of life in prison.
(SFC, 9/24/08, p.A4)
2008 Sep 27, Kirsten Brydum
(25), a community activist from San Francisco, was robbed and
murdered while bicycling in New Orleans. She had helped organize the
“Really, Really Free Market" held monthly in San Francisco’s Dolores
(SFC, 10/3/08, p.B1)
2008 Nov 9, In Louisiana
Raymond "Chuck" Foster, 44, shot and killed an Oklahoma woman, who
was lured over the Internet to take part in a Ku Klux Klan
initiation, after a fight broke out when she asked to be taken back
to town. The group tried to cover it up by dumping her body on a
rural roadside and setting her belongings aflame. Foster, the local
Klan leader was soon in jail on a second-degree murder charge, and
seven others were charged with trying to help conceal the crime.
2008 Nov 19, Germany chemical
company BASF SE said it is temporarily closing 80 plants worldwide
due to slumping demand and cutting production at 100 more, including
facilities in Texas and Louisiana. Some 20,000 workers are affected.
2008 Dec 6, Indicted Democratic
US Rep. William Jefferson was ousted from his New Orleans area
district, while Republicans narrowly held on to the seat vacated by
a retiring incumbent. Republican attorney Anh "Joseph" Cao won 50%
of the vote to Jefferson's 47% and will become the first
Vietnamese-American in Congress.
2009 Jan 4, In Louisiana 8
people were killed when a PHI Inc. helicopter, bound for offshore
oil fields, crashed about 100 miles southwest of New Orleans.
(SFC, 1/5/09, p.A3)
2009 Feb 20, Louisiana Gov.
Bobby Jindal announced that he will decline stimulus money
specifically targeted at expanding state unemployment insurance
coverage, becoming the first state executive to officially refuse
any part of the federal government’s payout to states.
2009 Feb 20, in Homer,
La., police officers Tim Cox and Joey Henry were involved in the
fatal shooting of Bernard Monroe Sr. (73). The shooting sparked
protests and at least 2 investigations. In July both officers
resigned from the police force.
(SFC, 7/30/09, p.A4)
2009 Feb 28, In Louisiana 3 ½
years after Hurricane Katrina, the National Guard pulled the last of
its troops out of New Orleans, leaving behind a city still desperate
2009 Apr 11, In Louisiana
gunmen kicked down an apartment door and opened fire killing 2
children and a woman in Terrytown.
(SSFC, 4/12/09, p.A6)
2009 Apr 24, David Duke (59),
the former Grand Wizard of the Louisiana-founded Knights of the Ku
Klux Klan, arrived in Prague at the invitation of a local far-right
group, Narodni Odpor (National Resistance). He was soon arrested and
questioned for several hours on suspicion of promoting movements
seeking the suppression of human rights. Duke was freed during the
night and forced to leave the country the next day.
2009 May 18, In Larose,
Louisiana, middle-school student Justin Doucet (15) fired a gunshot
at a teacher in a classroom and then shot himself and died on May
23. Doucet left a handwritten journal and an apparent suicide note
that described his intention to kill other people.
(AP, 5/19/09)(SFC, 5/19/09, p.A5)(SFC, 5/26/09,
2009 Aug 5, Federal jurors in
Alexandria, Va., convicted former Louisiana Rep. William Jefferson
on 11 0f 16 counts that included bribery, racketeering and money
laundering. The next day jurors said Jefferson must forfeit $470,000
in bribery receipts. On Nov 13 he was sentenced to 13 years in
(SFC, 8/6/09, p.A6)(SFC, 8/7/09, p.A5)(SFC,
2009 Sep 5, In Louisiana Dennis
Carter Sr. (50) shot his estranged wife, son and 2-year-old grandson
to death and critically wounded his pregnant daughter-in-law at
their rural home, then killed himself as police tried to pull over
his car 20 minutes later.
2009 Sep 24, A US federal jury
rejected a New Orleans family’s claims that a FEMA issued trailer
they lived in after Hurricane Katrina was defective and exposed them
to dangerous fumes. The trailer made by Gulf Stream Coach Inc. had
been occupied for 19 months by Alana Alexander and her son (12).
(SFC, 9/25/09, p.A8)
2009 Oct 4, In San Francisco
Michael Bailey (26) of Baton Rouge, La., was shot and killed after
being lured with friends at the City Nights club by a woman, who set
them up for a robbery at the Alice Griffith public housing project.
On Dec 23 prosecutors charged 5 people in the killing of Bailey. 2
of the 5 suspects were still at large. In 2014 William Jones (25)
and Lance Molina (27) were found guilty of first-degree murder.
Ariael Kittles (25) was acquitted of charges that she lured Bailey
and friends to the complex.
(SFC, 10/6/09, p.C1)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.C4)(SFC,
2009 Oct 10, In Louisiana 2
Cessna 150s, each carrying 2 people, collided near Pineville
Regional Airport, killing 2 and injuring 2.
(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A6)
2009 Oct 14, President Barack
Obama called for a second round of $250 stimulus payments for
seniors, veterans, retired railroad workers and people with
disabilities. The payments would be equal to about a 2% increase for
the average Social Security recipient, who will not receive a cost
of living increase next year. Obama visited New Orleans and listened
to continued fallout from Hurricane Katrina.
(AP, 10/15/09)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.A16)
2009 Oct 16, Two US civil and
constitutional rights groups called for Keith Bardwell, a justice of
the peace in Louisiana, to resign for refusing to issue a marriage
license to an interracial couple. Bardwell held that most
interracial marriages failed and had told the couple to go seek
another justice of the peace.
(SFC, 10/17/09, p.A4)
2009 Nov 18, US District Judge
Stanwood Duval ruled that the Army Corps of Engineers' failure to
properly maintain a navigation channel led to massive flooding in
Hurricane Katrina. The ruling gave more than 100,000 other
individuals, businesses and government entities a better shot at
claiming damages. The ruling was the "first time ever the Army Corps
has been held liable for damages for a major catastrophe that it
2010 Jan 8, Lashonda Booker, a
former Federal Emergency Management employee and her cousin, Peggy,
Hilton were charged with stealing over $721,000 in Hurricane Katrina
relief money. Booker had worked in FEMA’s Biloxi, Miss., office.
(SFC, 1/12/10, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/yer5crg)
2010 Feb 6, Louisiana Lt. Gov.
Mitch Landrieu was elected mayor of New Orleans, the first white man
to hold the position since his father, Moon Landrieu, left office in
(SSFC, 2/7/10, p.A12)
2010 Feb 7, The New Orleans
Saints capped off an outstanding season with an upset over the
Indianapolis Colts, 31-17, in Super Bowl XLIV.
2010 Apr 6, Louisiana
authorities said a pipeline has spilled some 18,000 gallons of crude
oil into a canal in the Delta National Wildlife Refuge about 60
miles southeast of New Orleans.
(SFC, 4/7/10, p.A8)
2010 Apr 20, An explosion and
fire damaged an oil rig and critically injured 7 people off the
coast of Louisiana leaving 11 workers missing in the Gulf of Mexico.
The Deepwater Horizon rig sank 2 days later. Officials feared as
much as 336,000 gallons of crude oil a day could be rising from the
sea floor nearly 5,000 feet below. On April 23 no oil appeared to be
leaking from the well head at the ocean floor, nor was any leaking
at the water's surface. On April 25 it was reported that some 1000
barrels per day were leaking from 2 conduit sources related to the
sunken oil rig. An internal investigation later said the deadly
blowout was triggered by a bubble of methane gas that escaped from
the well and shot up the drill column, expanding quickly as it burst
through several seals and barriers before exploding. In June it was
reported that BP had been trying to seal cracks in the Macondo well
more than 2 months before the explosion.
(AFP, 4/21/10)(AFP, 4/23/10)(AP, 4/25/10)(AP,
5/8/10)(SFC, 6/18/10, p.A13)
2010 Apr 26, The oil spill off
the coast of Louisiana, due to April 20 sinking of the Deepwater
Horizon oil rig, extended over some 1,800 square miles. Robot
submarines were in use to close valves atop the well. Officials said
engineers have begun constructing a giant dome to place over the
leaking oil well.
(SFC, 4/27/10, p.A6)(AFP, 4/27/10)
2010 Apr 28, Coast Guard Rear
Adm. Mary Landry was emphatic at a hastily called news conference
that a new leak was discharging 5,000 barrels a day of sweet crude,
not the 1,000 barrels officials had estimated for days since the
Deepwater Horizons drilling rig exploded and sank 50 miles off the
Louisiana Coast. Shrimpers in Louisiana filed a class-action lawsuit
against oil giant BP Plc and owners of the drilling platform that
exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, as claims for economic losses
anticipated from the disaster began to mount.
(AP, 4/29/10)(Reuters, 4/29/10)
2010 Apr 30, Oil from a leaking
well in the Gulf of Mexico began washing ashore in the southern US
state of Louisiana, threatening an ecological disaster.
2010 May 1, The worst US oil
spill in decades reached into precious shoreline habitat along the
Gulf Coast as documents emerged showing British Petroleum downplayed
the possibility of a catastrophic accident at the offshore rig that
2010 May 2, Louisiana's
2.4-billion-dollar a year commercial and recreational fishing
industry was dealt its first major blow from the oil spill, as the
US government banned activities for 10 days due to health concerns.
2010 May 4, British Petroleum
said efforts to contain a giant oil leak in the Gulf of Mexico are
costing nearly four million pounds a day. Winds pushed a giant slick
towards fragile wetlands on the US coast as efforts intensified to
bottle up a ruptured oil well causing the growing environmental
2010 May 5, The US Coast Guard
said BP PLC has managed to cap one of three leaks at a deepwater oil
well, but the work is not expected to reduce the overall flow of oil
into the Gulf of Mexico. The well has been spewing at least 210,000
gallons per day since an April 20 explosion at a rig 50 miles off
2010 May 8, BP’s first attempt
to divert the crude spill was foiled and it could be at least a day
before another attempt at putting a lid on the well could be made.
Meanwhile, thick blobs of tar washed up on Alabama's white sand
beaches, yet another sign the spill was worsening.
2010 May 15, Oil leaking from
the ruptured well pipe in the Gulf of Mexico washed ashore in two
new locations, as BP’s latest attempt to contain the spill faltered.
Experts warned that the spill may be growing more than ten times
faster than previous Coast Guard estimates of 5,000 barrels (210,000
gallons) a day.
2010 May 16, Oil from a
blown-out well is forming huge underwater plumes as much as 10 miles
long below the visible slick in the Gulf of Mexico, scientists said
as BP wrestled for a third day with its latest contraption for
slowing the nearly month-old gusher.
2010 May 17, BP said it was
siphoning more than one-fifth of the oil that has been spewing into
the Gulf for almost a month, as worries escalated that the ooze may
reach a major ocean current that could carry it through the Florida
Keys and up the East Coast. The US Coast Guard said 20 tar balls
have been found off Key West, Fla., but the agency stopped short of
saying whether they came from a massive oil spill in the Gulf of
(AP, 5/17/10)(AP, 5/18/10)
2010 May 20, BP conceded that
more oil than it estimated is gushing into the Gulf of Mexico as
heavy crude washed into Louisiana's wetlands for the first time,
feeding worries and uncertainty about the massive monthlong spill.
2010 May 23, The US government
threatened to remove BP from efforts to seal a blown-out oil well in
the Gulf of Mexico if it doesn't do enough to stop the leak, though
it acknowledged only the company and the oil industry have the
needed know-how. Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal said the state is not
waiting for federal approval to begin building sand barriers to
protect the coastline from the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
2010 May 27, BP Plc wrestled to
plug its gushing deepwater Gulf of Mexico well in the latest attempt
to control the source of a catastrophic five-week-old oil spill.
Pres. Obama extended a moratorium on new deepwater oil drilling and
ordered floating rigs to stop work on 33 exploratory wells. The
government gave the go-ahead for an ambitious plan to construct
several barrier islands to reduce the amount of oil from the giant
Gulf of Mexico spill from coming ashore. Officials raised estimates
of the spill from 210,000 to at least half a million gallons a day.
(Reuters, 5/27/10)(AFP, 5/28/10)(SFC, 5/28/10,
2010 May 28, BP made progress
toward plugging its Gulf of Mexico oil spill with mud but said it
won't know for two more days if the fix will really work.
2010 May 29, The worst oil
spill in US history hit its 40th day with Gulf residents clinging to
the tenuous hope that BP's complicated "top kill" operation will
plug the gushing well.
2010 Jun 2, BP Plc forged ahead
with its latest effort to curb the flow of oil spewing into the Gulf
of Mexico as the British energy giant's shares fell anew as the US
government launched criminal and civil probes into the disaster.
2010 Jun 3, BP sliced off a
pipe with giant shears in the latest bid to curtail the worst spill
in US history, but the cut was jagged and placing a cap over the
gusher will now be more challenging. BP's top executive acknowledged
the global oil giant was unprepared to fight a catastrophic
deepwater oil spill as engineers were forced yet again to
reconfigure plans for executing their latest gambit to control the
Gulf of Mexico gusher. Robots a mile beneath the Gulf positioned a
cap over the main pipe on the leaking well Thursday night and an
inverted funnel-like system, wrapped in hoses and more sophisticated
than previous devices, started pumping oil and gas to a tanker on
the surface. A very rough estimate of current collection was
estimated at about 42,000 gallons a day. An estimated 500,000 to 1
million gallons of crude was believed to be leaking daily. The
federal government slapped BP with a $69 million bill to cover
initial costs of responding to the oil spill.
(AP, 6/3/10)(AP, 6/4/10)(AP, 6/4/10)
2010 Jun 5, President Barack
Obama on his 3rd visit to Louisiana said that he will stand with
Gulf Coast residents "until they are made whole" from the oil spill
catastrophe. The containment cap placed on the gusher near the sea
floor trapped about 441,000 gallons of oil, up from around 250,000
gallons of oil a day earlier. It's not clear how much is still
escaping; an estimated 500,000 to 1 million gallons of crude is
believed to be leaking daily.
(AP, 6/5/10)(AP, 6/6/10)
2010 Jun 11, A US federal grand
jury indicted 3 current and 2 former New Orleans police officers in
the shooting of Henry Glover (31) on Sep 2, 2005, and then burning
(SFC, 6/12/10, p.A9)
2010 Jun 11, A Credit Suisse
analyst, briefed by BP’s Chief of Staff, said in a research note
that BP expects the total bill for the clean up of the Gulf of
Mexico oil spill to be $3-6 billion.
2010 Jun 16, BP under pressure
from Pres. Obama agreed to set aside $20 billion in a spill recovery
escrow program to compensate Gulf Coast fishermen and others who
have lost work and wages from the 8-week old massive oil spill.
(SFC, 6/17/10, p.A8)
2010 Jun 21, BP revealed it has
so far spent two billion dollars on the Gulf of Mexico oil spill,
after an internal BP document suggested the gusher might be spewing
far faster than initially feared.
2010 Jun 22, In New Orleans US
District Judge Martin Feldman struck down the Obama administration’s
6-month ban on deep-water drilling. It was later disclosed that
Feldman was heavily invested in the oil and gas industry last year,
according to his 2009 financial disclosure.
2010 Jun 23, Embattled BP CEO
Tony Hayward handed over the handling of the Gulf of Mexico oil
spill to Bob Dudley (54), an American executive brought up in
Mississippi, one of the states affected by the disaster. BP
reinstalled an oil containment system sucking up crude from a
ruptured pipe in the Gulf of Mexico, which had been removed
following a collision with a robotic submarine.
(AP, 6/23/10)(AFP, 6/24/10)
2010 Jul 3, In the Gulf of
Mexico a Taiwanese converted tanker, dubbed "A Whale" and billed as
the world's largest oil skimmer, arrived from Portugal in the Gulf
of Mexico for testing. Officials hoped it would scrub 21 million
gallons of oil-tainted seawater per day. The US Coast Guard later
said it was too big to maneuver around the smaller patches and
ribbons of oil.
(AP, 7/03/10)(SSFC, 7/4/10, p.A8)(AP, 7/17/10)
2010 Jul 5, BP's costs
for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill climbed nearly half a billion
dollars in the past week, raising the oil giant's tab to just over
$3 billion for work on cleaning and capping the gusher and payouts
to individuals, businesses and governments. Tar balls from the Gulf
oil spill found on a Texas beach were the first evidence that
gushing crude from the Deepwater Horizon well has reached all the
2010 Jul 6, In New Orleans,
Louisiana, oil from the ruptured well was reported to be seeping
into Lake Pontchartrain, threatening another environmental disaster
for the huge body of water that was rescued from pollution in 1990s.
2010 Jul 10, In the Gulf of
Mexico hundreds of thousands of gallons of oil were allowed to spew
into the fouled waters while BP engineers prepared to install a new
containment system they hope will catch it all in the coming days.
2010 Jul 15, BP finally stopped
oil from spewing into the sea, for the first time since an April 20
explosion on the BP-leased Deepwater Horizon oil rig killed 11
workers and unleashed the spill 5,000 feet beneath the water's
2010 Jul 30, Louisiana’s
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries said "commercial fishing will
reopen for finfish and shrimp in portions of state waters east of
the Mississippi River."
2010 Aug 2, The US government
said BP's ruptured well in the Gulf of Mexico gushed an estimated
4.9 million barrels of oil, making it the largest accidental oil
spill of all time.
2010 Aug 2, In Louisiana 6
Shreveport teenagers wading in the shallows of the Red River drowned
in front of their horrified families after falling into deep water.
None of the teens or nearby adults could swim.
2010 Aug 4, BP PLC reached what
it called a significant milestone overnight when mud that was forced
down the well held back the flow of crude. A government report said
much of the spilled oil is gone, though what's left is still at
least quadruple the amount that poured from the Exxon Valdez.
2010 Sep 8, BP issued a report
on the causes of the Deepwater Horizon catastrophe and listed the
unfolding of the tragedy in 4 acts, each containing several errors.
(Econ, 9/11/10, p.74)
2010 Aug 9, BP made its first
deposit, $3 billion, into the Gulf of Mexico oil disaster fund,
while top executives were summoned to the White House to pledge
their long-term commitment to restoring the region.
2010 Aug 16, Shrimpers returned
to Louisiana waters for the first commercial season since the Gulf
oil disaster, uncertain what crude may still be in the water and
what price they'll get for the catch if consumers worry about
possible lingering effects from the massive BP spill.
2010 Aug 22, Thousands of fish
turned up dead at the mouth of Mississippi River, prompting
authorities to check whether oil was the cause of mass death. Crabs,
sting rays, eel, drum, speckled trout and red fish were among the
species that turned up dead.
2010 Sep 13, US House members
began an impeachment trial against Louisiana District Judge Thomas
Porteous (63) on grounds of corruption.
(SFC, 9/14/10, p.A4)
2010 Sep 13, Photos of a
Louisiana waterway, its surface completely covered with dead sea
life were distributed to local media by Plaquemines Parish President
Billy Nungesser. This stretch of coastal Louisiana was hit hard this
summer by oil from BP's busted Gulf well.
2010 Sep 19, US officials
finally declared BP's broken well in the Gulf of Mexico
"dead", five months after a deadly oil rig blast sparked one of the
costliest and largest environmental disasters ever.
2010 Sep 28, President Barack
Obama endorsed a plan to rehabilitate the Gulf of Mexico with some
of the billions of dollars in water pollution fines expected from
the companies responsible for the worst offshore oil spill in US
2010 Oct 8, The remains of
Lexis Roberts (12) from Nevada were found in Louisiana. A warrant
was later issued for Thomas Steven Sanders (53). In 1994 family
members had declared Sanders dead, seven years after he vanished. In
November the remains of a woman, believed to be her mother, Suellen
Roberts (31) were found in Arizona.
p.A8)(SFC, 11/16/10, p.A18)
2010 Dec 8, The US Senate voted
to convict Louisiana district court Judge Thomas Porteous on charges
of corruption and perjury. The Senate acted for the 8th time in
American history to remove a federal judge through the impeachment
(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A20)
2010 Dec 15, The US filed suit
for the first time against BP and eight other companies for
uncounted billions of dollars in damages from a massive oil spill in
the Gulf of Mexico, the worst in US history.
2010 Dec 16, The big set of
sand barriers erected by Louisiana's governor to protect the
coastline at the height of the Gulf oil spill was criticized by a
presidential commission as a colossal, $200 million waste of BP's
money so far.
2010 Dec 18, In Louisiana a
small plane crashed after takeoff in Crowley killing 3 people and
injuring 2 others.
(SSFC, 12/19/10, p.A12)
2010 Dec 28, In New Orleans,
La., a fire in an abandoned warehouse killed 8 homeless squatters.
(SFC, 12/29/10, p.A5)
2010 The population of New
Orleans, Louisiana, shrinking since the 1960s, was down to 343,829.
The city lost 29% of its population since 2000.
(Econ, 9/24/11, p.34)
2011 Jan 4, Officials in
Louisiana said 500 birds were discovered dead, shortly after
thousands of birds were discovered dead in neighboring Arkansas.
2011 Jan 13, Edwin Edwards,
former 4-term governor of Louisiana, was released from federal
prison after serving over 8 years for fraud.
(SFC, 1/11/11, p.A6)
2011 Feb 7, A federal jury in
Baton Rouge, La., convicted Wen Chyu Liu (74), a former Dow Chemical
research scientist, of conspiracy to commit trade secret theft and
(SFC, 2/8/11, p.A6)
2011 Feb 12, Louisiana
authorities said 4 people died and one was rescued after their boat
capsized during a fishing trip on the Gulf of Mexico.
2011 Mar 5, Southwestern
Louisiana was hit by a tornado. Jalisa Granger (21) was killed when
a tree fell on her house in Rayne, Acadia Parish.
(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.A12)
2011 Mar 12, In Louisiana a
gunman opened fire on teenagers attending a party in a New Orleans
bar and fled, killing an 18-year-old man and wounding four other
2011 Mar 17, The US Justice
Dept. accused the New Orleans Police Dept. of systematic misconduct
that violated the Constitution. A report said officers had engaged
in racial profiling against the city’s black majority from January
2009 to May 2010 and used deadly force against 27 people.
(SFC, 3/18/11, p.A4)
2011 Mar 28, Federal
agricultural workers in Louisiana were reported using blow torches
to burning every prickly pear cactus they came across in hope of
killing off a cactus-eating pest that's been on a tear across the
Gulf Coast and is moving West. Cactoblastis cactorum, a tan-colored
moth from Argentina, has been moving steadily across the Gulf Coast
for the past decade. Federal workers hoped to stop it before it gets
to Texas and the population explodes with an abundant food supply.
2011 Apr 15, Storms marched
into Tennessee, Louisiana and later into Georgia. At least three
twisters touched down in Mississippi, where a state of emergency was
declared in 14 counties, causing widespread damage.
2011 Apr 20, BP marked the
first anniversary of the massive Gulf of Mexico oil spill by suing
its business partners for billions of dollars, as Gulf residents
held somber vigils and relatives flew over the waters where 11 oil
rig workers died.
2011 May 14, US Army engineers
prepared to slowly open the gates of an emergency spillway along the
rising Mississippi River, diverting floodwaters from Baton Rouge and
New Orleans, yet inundating homes and farms in parts of Louisiana's
populated Cajun country.
2011 May 20, BP said that it
had recovered more than $1.0 billion in costs linked to last year's
devastating Gulf of Mexico oil spill from a US subsidiary of
Japanese trading house Mitsui & Co. MOEX USA Corporation held a
10-percent stake in the Macondo well project.
2011 Aug 5, A US federal jury
convicted five current or former police officers in deadly shootings
on a New Orleans bridge after Hurricane Katrina, a high-profile
victory for the Justice Department in its push to clean up the
city's troubled police department.
2011 Sep 3, Heavy rains from
Tropical Storm Lee were falling in southern Louisiana and pelting
the Gulf Coast as the storm's center trudged slowly toward land,
where businesses were already beginning to suffer on what would
normally be a bustling holiday weekend.
2011 Sep 4, Tropical Storm Lee
dumped over a foot of rain in New Orleans and weakened to a tropical
(SFC, 9/5/11, p.A7)
2011 Oct 26, The US government
gave BP approval to drill at its Kaskida field, some 192 miles of
the Louisiana coast. This would be BP’s first deep-water operation
since the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well blowout on April 20, 2010.
(SFC, 10/27/11, p.A8)
2011 Nov 16, At least six
people were killed and dozens more injured as a storm system that
spawned several possible tornadoes moved across the Southeast.
Suspected tornadoes were reported in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama
and South Carolina.
2012 Jan 13, New Orleans
violence left 17 people shot over the last 18 hours. 12 people were
murdered in the first 12 days of this year.
(SFC, 1/13/12, p.A6)
2012 Feb 17, In Louisiana two
barges collided near Laplace spilling oil and leading officials to
close a 5-mile stretch of the Mississippi River.
(SFC, 2/18/12, p.A5)
2012 Mar 2, BP reached a
partial settlement in the Gulf of Mexico oil spill trial in which
tens of billions are at stake. Terms of the settlement with a
committee representing thousands of private claimants such as
fishermen and coastal businesses were not released. There was no
word on the status of BP's negotiations with the US government.
2012 Mar 24, Rick Santorum won
Louisiana's Republican primary. He walked away with at least eight
of the 20 delegates up for grabs, while Mit Romney came in second.
While Louisiana has a total of 46 delegates at stake, just 20 were
in play. The rest will be determined at the state convention in
2012 Apr 4, In Louisiana a
federal judge sentenced five former police officers to years in
prison for the deadly shootings on the New Orleans Danziger Bridge
in the chaotic days following Hurricane Katrina, but not before
lashing out at prosecutors for allowing others involved to serve
lighter penalties for their crimes. In 2013 a federal judge declared
a mistrial citing misconduct by prosecutors.
(AP, 4/4/12)(Econ, 9/14/13, p.32)
2012 Apr 11, Shell Oil reported
a 10-square-mile oil slick between two major production sites in the
Gulf of Mexico, 130 miles southeast of New Orleans. A response
vessel was sent.
(SFC, 4/12/12, p.A6)
2012 Apr 20, An unresponsive
twin-engine plane flying erratically over the Gulf of Mexico and
tracked by the Air Force crashed between Louisiana and Florida. An
airport mechanic who has worked on the plane said the pilot
was Dr. Peter Hertzak (65) of New Orleans.
(AFP, 4/20/12)(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A5)
2012 Jul 24, The New Orleans
Police Dept. and the US Dept. of Justice announced an agreement to
overhaul the city’s scandal-ridden police force and improve city
(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A6)
2012 Aug 7, In Louisiana police
found the body of Michaela "Mickey" Shunick. She had been last seen
riding her bicycle from a friend's house early May 19, days before
her 22nd birthday. Eight days later, the bike was found partially
submerged in a swampy area under a highway bridge. Brandon Lavergne
(33), a registered sex offender, has been charged with first-degree
murder and aggravated kidnapping in Shunick's death.
2012 Aug 12, In Louisiana the
Bayou Corne sinkhole opened up. It stretched 325 feet across,
guzzled water from adjacent swamps and belched methane from beneath
the surface. By late 2013 it had expanded to 25 acres and continued
to grow. The Napoleonville salt dome, 700 feet below Bayou Corne,
had been used to store propane, butane and natural gas and to make
salt water for chemical factories in the area. The collapse of a
cavern wall was believed to cause the formation of Bayou
(SSFC, 9/29/13, p.A17)
2012 Aug 16, In Louisiana 2
sheriff’s deputies were killed and 2 others injured during a
shootout in Laplace, John the Baptist Parish. 7 people were arrested
in connection to the shootings. The suspects were later reported to
be heavily armed adherents to an ideology known as the "sovereign
(SFC, 8/17/12, p.A9)(SFC, 8/18/12, p.A5)(AP,
2012 Aug 30, Tropical
depression Isaac hovered over Louisiana for a 3rd day with at least
2 deaths as it slowly moved inland.
(SFC, 8/31/12, p.A8)
2012 Sep 28, Damon Thibodeaux
(38) of Louisiana was released from death row after serving 15 years
for a slaying that DNA evidence showed he did not commit. He was the
18th death row prisoner freed based on such evidence.
(SFC, 9/29/12, p.A4)
2012 Nov 15, BP announced it
was paying $4.5 billion in a settlement with the US government over
the April 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig disaster. Hours later
2 men who worked for BP during the 2010 Gulf oil spill disaster were
charged with manslaughter and a third with lying to federal
2012 Nov 16, The US National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration issued a "heads up" directive
putting officials on alert for an increase in human interaction with
dolphins in the waters across Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.
Authorities were investigating several attacks on dolphins in the
northern Gulf of Mexico after some were found with gunshot wounds,
cuts and missing jaws.
2013 Jan 18, Former New Orleans
Mayor Ray Nagin was indicted on charges that he used his office for
personal gain, accepting payoffs, free trips and gratuities from
contractors while the city was struggling to recover from the
devastation of Hurricane Katrina.
2013 Jan 26, Louisiana police
arrested Wilbert Thibodeaux (48). He was suspected of shooting a
police officer and wounding 2 sheriff’s deputies after setting a
deadly fire at a mobile home in St. Mary’s Parish.
(SSFC, 1/27/13, p.A6)
2013 Feb 3, In New Orleans the
Baltimore Ravens defeated the SF 49ers 43-31 in Super Bowl XLVII.
The game was delayed for 34 minutes in the 3rd quarter when lights
went out in the stadium. Some 109 million people watched the game.
(SFC, 2/4/13, p.A1)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.67)
2013 Apr 19, A fishing boat
owned by a Louisiana sea food company sank off the Texas Gulf Coast
after it was hit by a freak wave. 4 fishermen were lost and one was
(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A5)
2013 May 12, In Louisiana
gunmen opened fire on people marching in a neighborhood Mother's Day
parade in New Orleans. At least 19 people were wounded including 2
kids. Police saw 3 suspects running from the scene. People later
identified Akein Scott (19) as the shooter. Scott was arrested on
May 15. His brother Shawn Scott (24) was arrested on May 16. Five
others were soon accused of helping the suspects avoid capture.
(AP, 5/12/13)(SFC, 5/14/13, p.A7)(SFC, 5/16/13,
2013 Jun 10, BP PLC said the
Coast Guard has concluded cleanup operations in Mississippi, Alabama
and Florida from the April 2010 oil well blowout. Work
continued along 84 miles of Louisiana’s shoreline.
(SFC, 6/11/13, p.A4)
2013 Jun 13, In Louisiana an
explosion and fire killed one person and injured 73 at the Williams
Olefins chemical plant in Geismar.
2013 Aug 13, In Louisiana Fuaed
Abdo Ahmed (20) shot two hostages, killing one, at a rural bank
before police shot him dead after an hours long standoff.
(SFC, 8/15/13, p.A6)
2013 Sep 10, In Louisiana local
and federal law officials said they have arrested Van Draylan Dixson
(38), a neighborhood watch volunteer, on suspicion of raping four
women in Dallas.
(SFC, 9/11/13, p.A4)
2013 Sep 27, Louisiana Pastor
Ronald Harris Jr. was fatally shot as he preached to some 65 people
during a revival service in Lake Charles. Woodrow Karey (53) was
charged with the murder.
(SFC, 9/30/13, p.A4)
2013 Oct 15, In Louisiana
former Halliburton employee Anthony Badalamenti (62) pleaded guilty
to destroying evidence in the aftermath of the 2010 deadly rig
explosion that spawned BP’s oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
(Econ, 10/5/13, p.A5)
2013 Dec 18, A New Orleans jury
convicted Kurt Mix (52), a BP drilling engineer, of obstruction of
justice in the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Mix had deleted a
string of text messages to and from his supervisor.
(SFC, 12/19/13, p.A14)
2013 Dec 22, Louisiana’s Lt.
Gov. Jay Dardenne said the “Duck Dynasty" reality TV show is
important to state tourism and that he could connect the Robertson
family to new producers if they cannot reach an agreement with the
A&E network. Patriarch Phil Robertson was suspended last week
for telling GQ magazine that gays are sinners akin to adulterers and
(SFC, 12/23/13, p.A7)
2013 Dec 26, In Louisiana Ben
Freeman (38), a nurse embroiled in a custody fight, attacked his
former in-laws, his onetime boss and his current wife leaving 3 dead
before killing himself.
(SFC, 12/28/13, p.A12)
2013 Dec 27, The A&E
channel said it is reversing its decision to drop “Duck Dynasty"
patriarch Phil Robertson from the show set in Louisiana for his
remarks on gays.
(SFC, 12/28/13, p.A7)
2013 Rebecca Solnit and Rebecca
Snedeker authored “Unfathomable City: A New Orleans Atlas," an
ensemble of essays n the city by a range of contributors.
(SSFC, 11/24/13, p.F4)
2014 Feb 20, Former New
Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin was convicted on 20 counts accepting bribes.
(Econ, 2/15/14, p.28)
2014 Feb 22, A barge ran into a
towboat on the Mississippi River near Vancherie, La. A 65-mile
stretch of the river was closed to traffic for a day as crews
cleaned up some 31,500 gallons of spilled oil.
(SFC, 2/24/14, p.A5)(SFC, 2/25/14, p.A5)
2014 Mar 11, Glenn Ford
(1949-2015) was released from a Louisiana prison after spending 30
years on death row for a murder he did not commit. Sentenced to die
in the electric chair, he was sent to a Louisiana penitentiary in
2014 May 12, In Louisiana
Reginald Adams was freed from prison after spending 34 years in jail
for a murder he did not commit. Detectives knowingly gave false
testimony at his trial.
(Econ, 5/17/14, p.28)
2014 Jul 9, Former New Orleans
Mayor Ray Nagin was sentenced to 10 years in prison for bribery,
money laundering and other corruption that spanned his two terms.
(SFC, 7/10/14, p.A14)
2014 Jul 30, Jose Manuel Garcia
Guevara was returned to Lake Charles, La., after being arrested in
Mexico for the Feb. 19, 2008, rape and murder of Wanda Barton.
(SFC, 8/1/14, p.A7)
2014 Aug 15, Phoenix-based Elio
said it plans to start making the cars next fall at a former GM
plant in Shreveport, Louisiana. Already, more than 27,000 people
have reserved one. The new commuter car has two seats, three wheels,
gets 84 miles highway to the gallon and will cost $6,800.
2014 Aug 27, Louisiana Gov.
Bobby Jindal sued the Obama administration over school standards.
The suit accused the US Dept. of Education of illegally manipulating
money and regulations to force states to adopt Common Core
(SFC, 8/28/14, p.A6)
2014 Nov 20, In Louisiana 3
children and 2 adults were killed when a boy (16) driving relatives
from Texas to Disney World fell asleep causing the SUV to veer off
the road and roll over. He and two passengers suffered minor
(SFC, 11/21/14, p.A6)
2015 Feb 13, In Louisiana John
Hicks (19) was arrested after he shot dead two people near an
all-female Mardi Gras parade.
(SFC, 2/14/15, p.A7)
2015 Mar 14, Robert Durst (71),
the scion of a wealthy New York real estate family, was taken into
custody at a New Orleans hotel at the request of Los Angeles police
investigating the 2000 killing of his friend Susan Berman. The next
day the HBO television network broadcast the final episode in a
six-part documentary series about Durst called "The Jinx: The Life
and Deaths of Robert Durst." In it Durst is heard muttering to
himself, "What the hell did I do? Killed them all, of course." On
April 23 Louisiana dismissed weapons charges against Durst.
(AP, 3/16/15)(SFC, 4/24/15, p.A9)
2015 Mar 20, In New Orleans,
La., police shot Richard White (63) three times at the Louis
Armstrong International Airport after he attacked border agents with
a machete and wasp spray. White was shot and died the next day at a
(AFP, 3/21/15)(SSFC, 3/22/15, p.A11)
2015 Apr 25, In Louisiana at
least two people were killed and four left missing after a swift
storm crossed Mobile Bay during the Dauphin Island sailing regatta.
(SFC, 4/27/15, p.A5)(SFC, 4/28/15, p.A5)
2015 May 20, Louisiana Gov.
Bobby Jindal issued an executive order to protect people and
businesses that do not want to participate in same-sex marriage,
hours a committee in the state legislature effectively voted down a
bill that would do the same.
(SFC, 5/21/15, p.A10)
2015 May 20, In New Orleans
lawyers announced a $211 million settlement with Transocean Ltd,
owner of the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig where an explosin in
April, 2010, killed 11 workers and sent oil speing into the Gulf of
Mexico for 87 days.
(SFC, 5/21/15, p.A10)
2015 Jun 20, In Louisiana
police officer Daryle Holloway was shot and killed while
transporting Travis Boys (33) to jail. Boys escaped but was arrested
the next day.
2015 Jul 2, The US Department
of Justice said BP Plc has reached a settlement with US authorities
and will pay about $18.7 billion in damages for water pollution
caused by the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill. The agreement settles
claims against BP by the government and the states of Louisiana,
Mississippi, Alabama, Texas and Florida.
2015 Jul 23, In Louisiana John
Russell Houser (59), sitting in a packed movie theater, stood up
about 20 minutes into the showing of "Trainwreck" and began
firing into the crowd, killing two and wounding at least nine others
before fatally shooting himself at the Grand 16 theater in
(AFP, 7/24/15)(SSFC, 7/26/15, p.A10)
2015 Jul 27, A US federal judge
in New Orleans ordered BP to begin paying up to $1 billion in
settlements to compensate local governments across the Gulf Coast
for lost tax revenue and other damages for the company’s 2010 oil
spill. The judge said all payment s must be made within 30 days.
(SFC, 7/28/15, p.A6)
2015 Aug 5, In Louisiana
suspect Grover Deandre Cannon killed police Officer Thomas LaValley
(29) in Shreveport. State police used drones and helicopters to
search for the shooter, who fled the scene after opening fire on the
officer. LaValley was taken into custody the next day.
(Reuters, 8/6/15)(SFC, 8/7/15, p.A5)
2015 Aug 24, Louisiana State
Trooper Steven Vincent (43) died after being shot in the head a day
earlier by Kevin Daigle (54) during a traffic stop.
(SFC, 8/24/15, p.A5)
2015 Oct 8, In Louisiana at
least 3 people were killed and two were seriously injured in an
explosion at a natural gas plant in Gibson.
2015 Oct 8, Paul Prudhomme
(75), king of Cajun cooking, died in New Orleans.
(Econ, 10/24/15, p.86)
2015 Nov 3, In Louisiana police
officers serving a warrant in Marksville shot and wounded Chris Few
and killed his son, Jeremy Mardis (6). Officers Derrick Stafford and
Norris Greenshouse Jr. were arrested on Nov 6 and indicted on Dec
(SFC, 11/7/15, p.A10)(SFC, 12/11/15, p.A10)
2015 Nov 10, Legendary New
Orleans musician and composer Allen Toussaint (b.1938) died after
suffering a heart attack following a concert in Spain. He penned
such classics as "Working in a Coal Mine" (1966) and "Lady
(AP, 11/10/15)(SFC, 11/11/15, p.A14)
2015 Nov 21, Louisiana voters
elected Democratic state Rep. John Bel Edwards as governor.
(SSFC, 11/22/15, p.A12)
2015 Nov 22, In Louisiana 17
people were wounded at the Bunny Friend Playground in New Orleans
when gunfire broke out between two groups of gunmen as hundreds of
people gathered for a block party and the filming of a music video.
(SFC, 11/24/15, p.A6)
2015 Nov 27, In Louisiana
Johnny Max Mount shot and killed an employee at a Waffle House
restaurant in Biloxi after she asked him not to smoke. Mount was
quickly arrested and charged with first degree murder.
(SFC, 11/28/15, p.A4)
2015 Nov 30, US District Judge
Carl Barbier in New Orleans ordered Anadarko Petroleum Corp to pay a
$159.5 million civil fine reflecting its stake in the 2010 Gulf of
Mexico oil spill.
2015 Dec 17, In Louisiana the
New Orleans City Council voted to remove prominent Confederate
monuments along some of its busiest streets.
(SFC, 12/18/15, p.A12)