Today in History - October 3

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For Asian History:
1226        Oct 3, St. Francis of Assisi (b.1182), founder of the Franciscan order, died. He was canonized in 1228 and entombed in the St. Francis Basilica in 1230. In 1983 Olivier Messiaen premiered his opera “Saint Francis d’Assise." In 2001 Adrian House authored “Francis of Assisi: A Revolutionary Life;" Valerie Martin authored “Salvation: Scenes From the Life of St. Francis." In 2002 Donald Spoto authored “Reluctant Saint: The Life of Francis of Assisi."  [see Oct 4]
    (AP, 10/3/97)(SFEC, 7/25/99, DB p.32)(SSFC, 3/25/01, BR p.1,6)(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.D2)(SFC, 10/3/02, p.A19)

1430        Oct 3, Jews were expelled from Eger, Bohemia.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1564        Oct 3, Christophorus Fabritius, [Christoffel Smit], Calvinist vicar, was burned at the stake.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1569        Oct 3, Battle of Montcontour the Duke of Anjou beat the Huguenots.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1650        Oct 3, The English parliament declared its rule over the fledgling American colonies.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1656        Oct 3, Myles Standish, Plymouth Colony leader, died (birth date unknown).
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1691        Oct 3, English and Dutch armies occupied Limerick, Ireland.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1728        Oct 3, Charles G Chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont, French duelist, spy and transvestite, was born.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1739        Oct 3, Russia signed a treaty with the Turks, ending a three-year conflict between the two countries.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1776        Oct 3, Congress borrowed five million dollars to halt the rapid depreciation of paper money in the colonies.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1778        Oct 3, Capt. Cook anchored off Alaska.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1789        Oct 3, George Washington proclaimed the 1st national Thanksgiving Day to be Nov 26.
    (MC, 10/3/01)
1789        Oct 3, George Washington proclaimed the 1st national Thanksgiving Day to be Nov 26.
    (MC, 10/3/01)
    Whereas it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey His will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor; and Whereas both Houses of Congress have, by their joint committee, requested me to "recommend to the people of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer, to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many and signal favors of Almighty God, especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness:"
    Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the 26th day of November next, to be devoted by the people of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being who is the beneficent author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be; that we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks for His kind care and protection of the people of this country previous to their becoming a nation; for the signal and manifold mercies and the favorable interpositions of His providence in the course and conclusion of the late war; for the great degree of tranquility, union, and plenty which we have since enjoyed; for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enable to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national one now lately instituted for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed, and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and, in general, for all the great and various favors which He has been pleased to confer upon us. And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations and beseech Him to pardon our national and other transgressions; to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually; to render our National Government a blessing to all the people by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed; to protect and guide all sovereigns and nations (especially such as have shown kindness to us), and to bless them with good governments, peace, and concord; to promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the increase of science among them and us; and, generally to grant unto all mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as He alone knows to be best.
    (Ihub, 11/27/03)

1790        Oct 3, John Ross, Chief of the United Cherokee Nation from 1839 to 1866, was born near Lookout Mountain, Tennessee. Although his father was Scottish and his mother only part Cherokee, Ross was named Tsan-Usdi (Little John) and raised in the Cherokee tradition. A settled people with successful farms, strong schools, and a representative government, the Cherokee resided on 43,000 square miles of land they had held for centuries.
    (LCTH, 10/3/99)

1800        Oct 3, George Bancroft, historian, known as the "Father of American History" for his 10-volume A History of the United States, was born.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1803        Oct 3, John Gorrie, inventor of the cold-air process of refrigeration, was born.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1814        Oct 3, Mikhail Yurevich Lermontov (d.1841), Russian poet and writer (Demon), was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.822)(MC, 10/3/01)

1854        Oct 3, William Crawford Gorgas (d.1920), US Surgeon-Gen, was born. He helped cure yellow fever. He served as the chief sanitary officer of the Panama Canal (1904-1913).
    (WUD, 1994 p.610)(MC, 10/3/01)
1854        Oct 3, San Francisco businessman Harry Meiggs departed SF aboard the bark America with his family after embezzling $800,000 from the city to cover debts. He took refuge in Chile where he built a railroad between Santiago and Valparaiso. After 13 years he moved to Peru.
    (SFC, 1/18/14, p.C2)

1862        Oct 3, At the Battle of Corinth, in Mississippi, a Union army defeated the Confederates.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1863        Oct 3, President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November, Thanksgiving Day. Credit for establishing Thanksgiving as a national holiday is usually given to Sarah J. Hale, editor and founder of the Ladies' Magazine in Boston. Her editorials in the magazine and letters to President Lincoln urging the formal establishment of a national holiday of Thanksgiving resulted in Lincoln's proclamation, which designated the last Thursday of November as Thanksgiving Day. Later presidents followed this example, with the exception of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who in 1939 proclaimed Thanksgiving Day a week earlier--on the fourth, not the last, Thursday of November--in effort to encourage more holiday shopping. In 1941 Congress adopted a joint resolution, permanently setting the date of Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday of November.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 11/26/98)(HNPD, 11/26/98)(HN, 11/25/99)

1867        Oct 3, Pierre Bonnard (d.1947), French painter and illustrator, was born. He wrote that he wanted to “show what one sees when one enters a room all of a sudden." He married Marthe de Meligny in 1925 and during his life painted some 384 images of her. In 1998 John Elderfield and Sarah Whitfield published “Bonnard."
    (, 6/24/98, p.A16)(SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.9)
1867        Oct 3, Elias Howe, one of the inventors of the sewing machine, died. In 1968 Grace Rogers Cooper authored “"The Invention of the Sewing Machine."
    (ON, 11/00, p.9)(HNQ, 2/27/02)

1872        Oct 3, Bloomingdale's department store opened in NYC.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1873        Oct 3, Captain Jack and three other Modoc Indians were hanged in Oregon for the murder of General Edward Canby.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1876        Oct 3, John L. Routt, the Colorado Territory governor, was elected the first state governor of Colorado in the Centennial year of the U.S.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1882        Oct 3, Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, was born.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1896        Oct 3, William Morris (b.1834), English artist and writer, died. “Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful of believe to be beautiful." In 1995 Fiona MacCarthy authored the biography: “William Morris."
    (, 1/4/14, p.50)(WSJ, 1/21/07, p.P9)

1899        Oct 3, J.S. Thurman patented a motor-driven vacuum cleaner.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1900        Oct 3, Thomas Wolfe (d.1938), American author (Look Homeward Angel), was born. "All youth is bound to be 'misspent'; there is something in its very nature that makes it so, and that is why all men regret it." "Loneliness ... is and always has been the central and inevitable experience of every man."--From "You Can't Go Home Again."
    (AP, 7/28/97)(AP, 9/18/98)(HN, 10/3/98)
1900        Oct 3, Edward Elgar, Cardinal John Henry Newman's oratorium, premiered in Birmingham.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1902        Oct 3,    President Theodore Roosevelt met with miners and coal field operators in an attempt to settle the anthracite coal strike, then in its fifth month. The country relied on coal to power commerce and industry and anthracite or "hard coal" was essential for domestic heating. Pennsylvania miners had left the anthracite fields demanding wage increases, union recognition, and an eight-hour workday. As winter approached, public anxiety about fuel shortages and the rising cost of all coal pushed Roosevelt to take unprecedented action. The meeting failed to resolve differences. A presidential commission awarded the workers a 10% wage increase and a shorter work week. [see May 12] J.P. Morgan came up with a compromise proposal that provided for arbitration and the miners returned to work on Oct 23.
    (, 10/4/02, p.A17)(AH, 2/03, p.48)

1906        Oct 3, The first conference on wireless telegraphy in Berlin adopted SOS as warning signal.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1909        Oct 3, Herblock (Herbert Block, d.2001), political cartoonist, was born.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1910        Oct 3, San Francisco new police Chief Seymour closed down dancing of the “bunny hug" and the “hug-me-tight" in the Tenderloin. As of the next day female habitues of the Tenderloin will not be allowed to puff their usual cigarettes in public.
    (SSFC, 10/3/10, DB p.50)

1913        Oct 3, A 1% US federal income tax was signed into law by Pres. Wilson. The law spared interest of any kind, including home-mortgage interest.
    (, 2/4/12, p.86)

1916        Oct 3, James Herriot (d.1995), Yorkshire veterinarian and author, was born in Sunderland, England. His books include "All Creatures Great and Small." [see Mar 10]
    (HN, 10/3/00)

1919        Oct 3, The Serbian, Croatian & Slavic (Yugoslavia) parliament agreed on an 8 hr work day.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1921        Oct 3, The first Soroptimist Club was started in Oakland, Ca.  Soroptimist International, formed in 1927, was awarded consultative status at the United Nations in 1948 and became known as “The Global Voice for Women." By 2021 the volunteer organization had a worldwide network with more than 70,000 members in 121 countries.
    {SF Bay Area, USA, Women}
    ( Herald, 5/28/21)

1922        Oct 3, Rebecca L. Felton, D-Ga., became the first woman to be seated in the U.S. Senate. Mrs. Felton had been appointed to serve out the remaining term of Sen. Thomas E. Watson.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1922        Oct 3, The 1st facsimile photo (fax) was sent over city telephone lines in Washington, DC.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1925        Oct 3, Gore Vidal, writer (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln, DC, Burr), was born in West Point, NY. He was named Eugen Luther Gore Vidal. His first book at age 20 was titled "Williwaw." A memoir of his 1st 39 years was titled "Palimpsest." In 1999 some collected essays were published under the title "Sexually Speaking: Collected Sex Writings." In 1993 a collection of essays was titled "United States: 1952-1992".
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, BR p.5)(HN, 10/3/00)

1929        Oct 3, The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It included the regions of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Macedonia. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Yugoslavia. The Kingdom had been formed on December 1, 1918 and was ruled by the Serbian Karageorgevic dynasty. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 3/26/99)(LCTH, 10/3/99)

1931        Oct 3, Carl August Nielsen, composer, died at 66.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1932        Oct 3, Iraq became independent after a hundred years of direct foreign rule. Created as a British mandate after World War I, Iraq received its full independence when it was admitted into the League of Nations.
    (NH, 9/96, p.14)(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)(HNQ, 6/20/99)(MC, 10/3/01)

1935          Oct 3, Italy invaded Ethiopia.
    (DoD, 1999, p.237)(

1940        Oct 3, U.S. Army adopted airborne, or parachute, soldiers.
    (HN, 10/3/98)
1940        Oct 3, In France the Vichy government passed a law that placed great restrictions on French Jews.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A9)(MC, 10/3/01)

1941        Oct 3, The film "Maltese Falcon," starring Humphrey Bogart as detective Sam Spade, opened. It was directed by John Huston (34).
    (HN, 10/3/00)(SFCM, 2/6/05, p.10)
1941        Oct 3, Adolf Hitler declared in a speech in Berlin that Russia is "broken" and would "never rise again."
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1941        Oct 3, Nazi's blew up 6 synagogues in Paris. [see Oct 2]
    (MC, 10/3/01)
1941        Oct 3, All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug, Ukraine, were killed by SS.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1942        Oct 3, President Roosevelt established the Office of Economic Stabilization and authorized controls on farm prices, rents, wages and salaries.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1942        Oct 3, In Germany the rocket-development team of Werner von Braun conducted the 1st successful test flight of an A-4/V-2 missile from the Peenemunde test site. It flew perfectly over a 118-mile course to an altitude of 53 miles (85 km). The 13-ton, 46-foot long V2 rocket was the world’s 1st long-range ballistic missile.
    (HN, 10/3/98)(AM, 5/01, p.63)(WSJ, 2/21/09, p.A5)

1944        Oct 3, During World War II, U.S. troops cracked the Siegfried Line north of Aachen, Germany.    
    (AP, 10/3/99)
1944        Oct 3, German troops evacuated Athens, Greece.
    (HN, 10/3/98)

1947        Oct 3, The 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1950        Oct 3, "The Beulah Show" starred Ethel Waters (1896-1977), American singer and actress, as a maid. The TV series continued to 1953.
    (, 10/6/19, p.B10)

1951        Oct 3, Bobby Thompson won the pennant for the New York Giants by hitting a home run off of Ralph Branca of the Brooklyn Dodgers at the New York Polo Grounds before 20,000 empty seats. Outfielder Bobby Thomson hit a home run in the bottom of the ninth inning, beating the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-4 to win the National League pennant. In 2001 the WSJ confirmed roomers that the Giants had concealed an electric buzzer and a telescope to steal the signals of the opposing catchers. In 2006 Joshua Prager authored "The Echoing Green: The Untold Story of Bobby Thomson, Ralph Branca and the Shot Heard Round the World."
    (HN, 10/3/00)(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.B1)(WSJ, 9/19/06, p.B1)

1952        Oct 3, The situation comedy "Our Miss Brooks," formerly a radio show, premiered on CBS with Eve Arden again in the title role. Robert Rockwell played her love interest, the biology teacher
    (AP, 10/3/02)(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A15)
1952        Oct 3, The 1st video recording on magnetic tape was made in LA, Ca.
    (MC, 10/3/01)
1952        Oct 3, The British detonated their 1st atomic bomb, a 25-kiloton device, in the Monte Bello Islands off Australia. In 1998 a visit to the islands was limited to one hour due to lingering radiation.
    (SFC, 1/2/99, p.A14)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A26)(AP, 10/3/08)

1953        Oct 3, Arnold Edward Trevor Bax, British composer (Coronation March), died at 69.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1954        Oct 3, Al Sharpton, 2004 Democrat presidential candidate, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.D2)

1955        Oct 3, “Captain Kangaroo" with Bob Keeshan began its run on CBS TV. The show ended in 1993.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.B1)(AP, 10/3/00)
1955        Oct 3, The Disney sponsored Mickey Mouse Club began on ABC TV and ran to 1959.
    (AP, 10/3/00)(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A8)

1957        Oct 3, The comedy series "The Real McCoys" premiered on ABC-TV. Richard Crenna began playing the married Luke on "The Real McCoys." The 6-year series starred Walter Brennan as head of a West Virginia clan that moves to the LA San Fernando Valley.
    (SFC, 1/20/03, p.B4)(AP, 10/3/07)
1957        Oct 3, Willy Brandt was elected mayor of West Berlin.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1960        Oct 3, "The Andy Griffith Show" premiered on CBS. It was directed by Aaron Ruben (1914-2010) ran to 1968. Don Knotts (d.2006 at 81) played the bumbling Deputy Barney.
    (WSJ, 1/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/3/00)(AP, 2/26/06)(SFC, 2/5/10, p.C7)

1961        Oct 3, “The Dick Van Dyke Show," also starring Mary Tyler Moore, made its debut on CBS.
    (AP, 10/3/01)

1962        Oct 3, "Stop the World" opened at Shubert NYC for 886 performances.
    (MC, 10/3/01)
1962        Oct 3, The SF Giants beat the LA Dodgers to win baseball's National League Pennant.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)
1962        Oct 3, Astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Sigma 7 on a nine-hour flight.
    (AP, 10/3/97)

1963        Oct 3, Meredith Wilson’s Broadway musical “Here’s Love," featuring Dom DeLuise, opened at the Shubert Theater. The show close on July 25, 1964.
    (SFC, 5/6/09, p.A9)(

1964        Oct 3, At UC Berkeley the Untied Front became the Free Speech Movement and protests conitnued sporadically including a major rally on Nov 9.
    (SSFC, 9/21/14, p.A13)
1964        Oct 3-4, East Berliners dug a 470-foot tunnel, Tunnel 57, to the West and 57 people escaped.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T5)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)

1965        Oct 3, US Pres. Lyndon Johnson signed the Immigration and Nationality Act into law, sweeping away a system that favored white Europeans over other races. It abolished quotas by national origin and allowed nearly 300,000 immigrants per year.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.6)(Econ, 10/3/15, p.23)

1967        Oct 3, William J. Knight (d.2004), US Air Force test pilot, set a speed record in a rocket-powered X-15-2A that reached 4,520 mph. Knight later served as a California state senator (1996-2004).
    (SSFC, 5/9/04, p.B7)
1967        Oct 3, Woody Guthrie (b.1912), born as Woodrow Wilson Guthrie, folksinger, died from Huntington’s disease. In 1998 Billy Bragg and the band Wilco released a new album based on Guthrie’s lyrics: "Mermaid Avenue." In 1998 a Woody Guthrie archive was opened on W. 57th St. in NYC. In 2002 Elizabeth Partridge authored "This Land Was made for You and Me: The Life and Songs of Woody Guthrie." In 2004 Ed Cray authored "Ramblin' Man: The Life and Times of Woody Guthrie."
    (SFC, 12/26/97, p.C22)(SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.38)(SFC, 11/27/98, p.C11)(SFC, 11/23/00, p.C5)(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.M3)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.E1)
1967        Oct 3, Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (Last Night of Proms), died at 72.
    (MC, 10/3/01)

1968        Oct 3, The Howard Sackler play, "Great White Hope," starring James Earl Jones and Jane Alexander, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
1968        Oct 3, American Independent Party presidential candidate George Wallace tapped retired Air Force Gen. Curtis E. LeMay to be his running mate.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
1968        Oct 3, In Peru the military seized power in a coup. Pres. Belaunde was overthrown by Gen. Juan Velasco.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(WUD, 1994, p.1687)(SFC, 6/5/02, p.A23)

1970        Oct 3, "Coco" closed at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 333 performances.
1970        Oct 3, Baseball umpires called their 1st strike. A one-day strike of the first game of the championship playoffs, the first by umpires in major league history, prompted the league presidents to recognize the Association and negotiate a labor contract that set a minimum salary of $11,000 and raised the average salary to $21,000.

1974        Oct 3, Frank Robinson was named major-league baseball's first black manager as he was placed in charge of the Cleveland Indians.
    (AP, 10/3/97)

1977        Oct 3, In India Indira Gandhi (1917-1984) was arrested for political corruption. She was released the next day.

1978        Oct 3, Ayatollah Khomeini (1902-1989) left Iraq for Kuwait after the Shah sought his deportation. He was refused entry in Kuwait and moved to Paris.

1980        Oct 3, In France a Paris synagogue bombing killed 3 French men and one Israeli woman. In 2008 Canadian police arrested Hassan Diab in response to a request from France, where he was wanted on charges of murder and attempted murder in the bombing. Diab denied guilt and stamps in his 1980 passport indicated he was not in France at the time of the bombing. In April 2012 Canada’s then-justice minister Rob Nicholson signed an extradition order surrendering Diab to France. On Nov 15, 2014, Diab was charged in Paris. He has claimed that he was studying in Beirut at the time of the bombing and has said that he had been confused with someone with the same name.
    (AP, 11/13/14)(AFP, 11/15/14)

1981        Oct 3, IRA prisoners at Maze Prison in Belfast, Northern Ireland, ended a seven-month hunger strike in which 10 men died. Imprisoned Irish Republic Army leader Bobby Sands initiated the protest on March 1, the fifth anniversary of the British policy of "Criminalization" of Irish political prisoners. Many of these prisoners did not have trials.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(

1985        Oct 3, Charles Collingwood (b.1917), CBS newscaster, died.

1987        Oct 3, Negotiators for the United States and Canada reached agreement in Washington D.C., on a framework to eliminate all tariffs between the world's two largest trading partners.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1987        Oct 3, Jean Anouilh (77), French playwright (Ball of the Voleurs), died.

1988        Oct 3, Discovery completed a four-day mission, the first American shuttle flight since the Challenger disaster.
    (AP, 10/3/98)
1988        Oct 3, Generoso Pope (b.1927), owner of the National Enquirer, died. His wife, Lois Pope, began a career of philanthropy. In 2008 Jack Titek authored “The Godfather of Tabloid: Generoso Pope Jr. and the National Enquirer."
    (SFEC, 7/30/00, Par p.10)(WSJ, 8/12/08, p.A19)
1988        Oct 3, Franz Josef Strauss (b.1915), German defense minister (1956-62), died at 73.
1988        Oct 3, Lebanese kidnappers released Indian educator Mithileshwar Singh, who'd been held captive with three Americans for more than 20 months.
    (AP, 10/3/98)

1989        Oct 3, Art Shell became the first African-American to coach a professional football team, the Los Angeles Raiders.
    (HN, 10/3/98)
1989        Oct 3, In a move to stem the flow of refugees to the West, East Germany suspended unrestricted travel to Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 10/3/99)
1989        Oct 3, Troops loyal to Panamanian leader General Manuel Noriega crushed a coup attempt by rebel mid-level officers. The officers, including Maj. Moises Giroldi, who led the failed coup against Noriega were later executed. Noriega was convicted in absentia in 1995 and in 1999 Panama sought his extradition to face trial.
    (AP, 10/3/99)(WSJ, 4/7/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/25/07, p.A14)

1990         Oct 3, West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a new unified country. Formal reunification took place after a unification treaty was ratified by the Federal Republic‘s Bundestag and the German Democratic Republic‘s People‘s Chamber in September. Kurt Masur (1927-2015) directed Beethoven's Ninth Symphony at the official celebrations. Irish PM Charles Haughey was instrumental in securing backing for German unity by assuaging French and British concerns.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 11/10/99)(AP, 12/19/15)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.16)
1990        Oct 3, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein made his first known visit to Kuwait since his country seized control of the oil-rich emirate.
    (AP, 10/3/00)

1991        Oct 3, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton entered the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 10/3/01)
1991        Oct 3, South African author Nadine Gordimer was named winner of the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (SFEC, 1/11/98, BR p.3)(AP, 10/3/01)

1992        Oct 3, President Bush vetoed a measure to re-regulate cable television. Congress overrode the veto two days later.
    (AP, 10/3/97)
1992        Oct 3, Sinead O'Connor, Irish rock singer, ripped up a picture of Pope John Paul II on Saturday Night Live.
1992        Oct 3, William Gates, the college-dropout founder of Microsoft, headed the Forbes magazine 400 list of the richest Americans with a net worth of 6.3 billion dollars. His assets reached 51 billion in 2005.

1993        Oct 3, President Clinton expressed sorrow at the deaths of American soldiers in Somalia, but reaffirmed that U.S. forces would stay in the African nation.
    (AP, 10/3/98)
1993        Oct 3, Eighteen US Rangers and Delta Force specialists died in a botched raid in Somalia and over 70 were wounded. Master Sgt. Gary Gordon and Sgt. 1st Class Randy Shughart pulled injured pilot, Chief Warrant Officer 3 Michael Durant, from the helicopter. Durant survived while Gordon and Shughart were killed. In 1999 Mark Bowden published "Black Hawk Dawn," an account of the failed attempt to capture Mohammed Farrah Aidid. At least 500 Somalis were killed and 1,000 injured.
    (, 10/23/95, p.A-18)(WSJ, 3/11/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.3)(SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A1)
1993        Oct 3, Boris Yeltsin declared a state of emergency in Moscow, as fighting erupted in the streets between pro- and anti-Yeltsin forces. 62 people died in the violence, that ended two days later when the rebel vice president and speaker of parliament surrendered. A battle at the TV station Ostankino, Moscow, killed as many as 100 people. Cameraman Rory Peck (b.1956) was shot dead by members of the "Vitez" special forces unit of the Russian Interior Ministry while filming the storming by opposition supporters of the Ostankino TV Center.
    (AP, 10/3/98)(

1994        Oct 3, U.S. soldiers in Haiti raided the headquarters of a hated pro-army militia.
    (AP, 10/3/99)
1994        Oct 3, US Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy announced his resignation because of questions about gifts he had received.
    (AP, 10/3/99)
1994        Oct 3, South African President Nelson Mandela addressed the United Nations, urging the world to support his country's economy.
    (AP, 10/3/99)

1995        Oct 3, A public government report cited US government biological and chemical experiments and called the events “a dark period in our history."
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A15)
1995        Oct 3, The jury in the O.J. Simpson murder trial found the former football star innocent of the 1994 slayings of his former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman. Simpson was later found liable in a civil proceeding. The verdict, reached Oct 2, was announced Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)
1995        Oct 3, In Texas three young crooks stole a suitcase from a walk-in storage locker in North Austin. The suitcase contained some $80,000 in coins stashed by Gary Karr, David Roland Waters and Danny Raymond Fry, who were implicated in the disappearance of atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A7)
1995        Oct 3, Pres. Gligorov (1917-2012), leader of Macedonia, was critically hurt in a car bomb attack in Skopje, Macedonia. The bomb, which targeted his car as he headed to work in the capital, cost him an eye and killed his driver and a bystander.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(AP, 1/2/12)
1995        Oct 3, The Sri Lankan army claimed to have killed 200 Tamil Tiger rebels on the northern Jaffa peninsula.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)

1996        Oct 3, A report found 25% of all 4,025 known species of mammals to be at risk of extinction. This included nearly half of all monkeys and apes.
    (SFC, 10/4/96, p.A1)
1996        Oct 3, Wislawa Szymborska, Polish poet, won the Nobel Prize for poetry. Her work included the transl. collection: “View With a Grain of Sand," her debut collection “That’s Why We Are Alive" (1952), Salt (1962), “The People on the Bridge" (1986), and “The End and the Beginning" (1993).
    (AP, 10/3/97)(WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A7)

1997        Oct 3, Attorney General Janet Reno said Justice Department investigators had no evidence President Clinton violated the law with White House coffees and overnight stays for big contributors. However, Reno did extend a probe of Vice President Al Gore's telephone fund-raising.
    (AP, 10/3/98)
1997        Oct 3, US Defense Sec. William Cohen ordered the Nimitz Carrier Battle Group to the Persian Gulf as a warning to Iran and Iraq to stop incursions into the US-enforced “no-fly" zone in southern Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A8)
1997        Oct 3, In Humboldt County, Ca., 2 protestors attached themselves to bulldozers of the Pacific Lumber Company. Sheriff’s deputies applied pepper spray directly to the eyes of the protestors using cotton swabs and Q-tips.
    (SFC, 10/31/97, p.A15)
1997        Oct 3, In Idaho the US Forest Service arranged a land swap with the Riley Creek Lumber Co. to preserve an ancient cedar grove at Upper Priest Lake. Riley Creek paid less than $2 million in 1992 for the grove and obtained $8.7 million worth of federal land in exchange.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A3)
1997        Oct 3, Alfred Leslie Rowse, British historian, died at 93.
1997        Oct 3, In Algeria armed men killed 38 people at the village of Mahelma. Throats of the victims were slit, heads were cut off and houses were set on fire. In Blida 10 people were killed and 20 wounded by assailants with homemade rockets and bombs. Another group of attackers killed 75 others including 34 children. In the village of Ouled Benaissa armed men killed 37 people including 22 children.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)(SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A22)
1997        Oct 3, From Brazil it was reported that tuberculosis has killed at least 27 members of the Guarani-Kaiowa tribe in the past 15 months.
    (SFC, 10/3/97, p.B5)
1997        Oct 3, In Columbia a paramilitary group hired to protect a cocaine shipment killed 11 judicial officials near the town of San Carlos de Guaroa.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.A11)
1997        Oct 3, UN officials reported that Congo has ordered int’l. refugee agencies to leave part of eastern Congo and was expelling Rwandans who have fled there to escape fighting in Rwanda.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)
1997        Oct 3, In Japan an experimental magnetically levitated train, the MLX01, set a world speed record when it reached 279.6 mph on a test track.
    (SFC, 10/6/97, p.B8)
1997        Oct 3, Turkish jets bombed escape routes used by Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq. Over the last 13 days the army reported 415 rebels dead vs. 6 of its own soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/4/97, p.A10)

1998        Oct 3, The G-7 finance ministers agreed to explore Pres. Clinton’s proposed strategy for early IMF intervention to support weak economies. Masaru Hayami, governor of the Bank of Japan, said that capital supporting 19 major banks had dwindled to dangerously low levels. The Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors commissioned Dr Hans Tietmeyer, President of the Deutsche Bundesbank, to recommend new structures for enhancing co-operation among the various national and international supervisory bodies and international financial institutions so as to promote stability in the international financial system. This led to the formation of the Financial Stability Forum on Apr 14, 1999.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/98, p.A3)(
1998        Oct 3, Actor Roddy McDowall died at age 70. His films included “Lassie Come Home," and “Cleopatra."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B10)
1998        Oct 3, In Australia parliamentary elections were scheduled. The conservative coalition of John Howard won re-election by a narrow margin.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A17)
1998        Oct 3, In Chechnya 4 men working to install a cellular phone system were kidnapped by 20 men. The severed heads Darren Hickey, Rudolf Petschi, Stanley Shaw and Peter Kennedy were found Dec 8. Their bodies were found Dec 26 in Chernorechiye.
    (SFC, 10/5/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Oct 3, In Croatia Pope John Paul II beatified Cardinal Alojzije Stepinac, the World War II archbishop of Zagreb and a controversial figure because many Serbs and Jews accused him of sympathizing with the Nazis.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A22)(AP, 10/3/99)
1998        Oct 3, In Italy Communists voted to reject Prime Minister Prodi’s budget.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1,22)
1998        Oct 3, In Latvia voters approved a referendum to ease citizenship requirements for Russians left there following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Voters also selected members for the 100 seat unicameral parliament.
    (WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A1)(BN, 10/98, p.1)
1998        Oct 3, Turkey sent some 10,000 troops into northern Iraq to attack Kurdish rebels.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, p.A11)

1999        Oct 3, Sony co-founder Akio Morita, the entrepreneur, engineer and savvy salesman who helped give new meaning to the words “Made in Japan," died in Tokyo at age 78.
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, p.C7)(AP, 10/3/00)
1999        Oct 3, Austria’s the far-right Freedom Party (the Blues) led by Jörg Haider (49) won 2nd place behind the Social Democrats, who won with 33% of the vote. The conservative People’s Party (the Blacks) fell to 3rd place with 27%.
    (SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(Econ, 11/24/07, SR p.6)(Econ, 5/21/16, p.50)
1999        Oct 3, Flooding in Central America left 21 dead in Honduras, 10 dead in Nicaragua, and 11 dead in El Salvador and thousands were forced to flee their homes.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A13)
1999        Oct 3, In India the elections ended and the Bharatiya Janata Party under PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee was expected to return to power with an alliance of 21 other parties. The BJP was expected to gain 34 seats to 287. The BJP won a projected 296 of 545 seats. The Congress Party won 114 seats.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/8/99, p.A1)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.45)
1999        Oct 3, In Peru 9 soldiers were killed in a weekend clash with some 60 Maoist guerrillas in the central jungle.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)
1999        Oct 3, Veselin Boskovic, the brother-in-law of former deputy PM Vuk Draskovic, was killed when a truck swerved in front of a convoy of cars 25 miles southeast of Belgrade. A 2nd car with bodyguards hit the truck and exploded. The truck driver escaped. Draskovic was not injured and called the accident an assassination attempt.
    (WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A22)
1999        Oct 3, In Sierra Leone Foday Sankoh returned home with former junta leader Johnny Paul Koroma and met with Pres. Ahmed Tejan Kabbah. Sankoh gave a radio speech and pleaded for forgiveness.
    (SFC, 10/4/99, p.A16)

2000        Oct 3, Vice Pres. Al Gore and Gov. George W. Bush engaged in their 1st presidential debate, a 90 minute match at the Clark Athletic Center of the Univ. of Massachusetts. “Bush may have won by not losing." Gore and Bush clashed over tax cuts, Medicare prescription drug benefits and campaign finance.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A1)(AP, 10/3/01)
2000        Oct 3, The Natuna Sea, a Panama-registered tanker, went aground between Indonesia and Singapore and spilled some 2 million gallons of crude oil.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Oct 3, In the Dominican Republic an arms depot exploded and 2 civilians were killed in San Cristobal.
    (WSJ, 10/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 3, In Indonesia Hutomo Mandala Putra, aka Tommy Suharto, admitted that he was guilty of corruption and asked for clemency.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A10)
2000        Oct 3, A cease-fire between Israel and the Palestinians quickly crumbled and the death toll climbed to at least 54. Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat planned to meet in Paris to seek an end to the conflict.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A10)

2001        Oct 3, Pres. Bush endorsed a $60-75 billion stimulus package to pull the US out of recession.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Oct 3, The Senate approved an agreement normalizing trade between the United States and Vietnam.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2001        Oct 3, Apple introduced the iPod, a breakthrough MP3 music player that packs up to 1,000 CD-quality songs into an ultra-portable, 6.5 ounce design that fits in your pocket, at a cost of $399.
    (, 10/4/08, p.14)
2001        Oct 3, Near Manchester, Tennessee, Damir Igric (29), a Croatian passenger on a Greyhound bus, slit the throat of the bus driver and caused a roll over that killed 7 people including Igric.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C16)(AP, 10/4/06)
2001        Oct 3, In Chechnya rebels killed 9 federal troops in a number of clashes that included 4 dead from land mines. 4 militants were also killed.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C8)
2001        Oct 3, Israeli forces in Gaza cleared a half mile buffer zone and killed 6 Palestinians when tank shells ripped their cars.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C2)
2001        Oct 3, Pres. Putin said Russia is ready to reconsider its opposition to Nato expansion if the alliance assumes a broader political identity in which Moscow can be involved.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.A10)
2001        Oct 3, In South Africa ANC leader Tony Yengeni was charged with corruption, forgery and perjury linked to the country’s $6 billion arms deal with Europe.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C4)

2002        Oct 3, The United States forgave two-thirds of Yugoslavia's debt on in a sign of improving relations with the country's reformist leadership.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, The annual Ig Nobel prizes were awarded in Cambridge, Mass. 10 prizewinners from 10 nations included the corporate directors of Enron, Adelphia, Global Crossing, Qwest, Tyco, WorldCom and 21 other companies for adopting imaginary numbers for use in the business world.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.A4)
2002        Oct 3, Police hunted for a "skilled shooter" who murdered five random victims over 16 hours with a high-powered rifle in Montgomery County, Maryland, just a short distance from Washington DC. A 6th victim was killed in DC. James Buchanon (39), Premkumar Walekar (54), Sarah Ramos (34), Lori Ann Lewis Rivera (25) and Pascal Charlot (72) became the 2nd to 6th victims.
    (SFC, 10/4/02, p.A3)(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A3)(SSFC, 10/12/02, p.A4)(NW, 10/21/02, p.28)
2002        Oct 3, Hurricane Lili gave Louisiana's coast a 100 mph battering.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2002        Oct 3, Int'l. teams of scientists declared that the genetic code of Plasmodium falciprum, the parasite that causes most human malaria, has been identified along with the genetic code of Anopheles gambiae, the mosquito most responsible for human malaria transmission.
    (SFC, 10/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Oct 3, Wu-chi Liu (95), China-born scholar, died in Menlo Park, Ca. His books included "A Short History of Confucian Philosophy" and "An Introduction to Chinese Literature." He was also the senior editor of "Sunflower Splendor," an anthology that encompassed 3,000 years of Chinese poetry in translation.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A26)
2002        Oct 3, Canada said it planned to create 10 huge new national parks and five marine conservation areas over the next five years to protect unique landscapes and animals.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, In France tens of thousands of public workers marched through Paris to protest plans to sell off parts of state-owned companies.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, In Guatemala Col. Juan Valencia was found guilty of ordering the killing of human rights activist Myrna Mack in 1990 and sentenced to a maximum 30 years in prison. But two other military officials were acquitted.
    (AP, 10/4/02)
2002        Oct 3, India said it had killed eight Islamic militants trying to enter Indian Kashmir from Pakistani territory as the state battles a surge in rebel violence just days before the end of a disputed election.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, NATO and European Union called on Croatia to cooperate with the U.N. War Crimes Tribunal, urging the government to hand over indicted war crimes suspect Gen. Janko Bobetko.
    (AP, 10/3/02)
2002        Oct 3, Turkey formally commuted Kurdish guerrilla leader Abdullah Ocalan's death sentence to life in prison after parliament abolished capital punishment two months ago in a bid to join the European Union.
    (AP, 10/3/02)

2003        Oct 3, In Las Vegas a tiger attacked magician Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy during a performance. It was Horn's 59th birthday.
    (SFC, 10/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Oct 3, William Steig (95), an illustrator for The New Yorker who was known as the "King of Cartoons" for his award-winning, best-selling children's books including "Shrek," died.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 3, Afghan civilians accidentally set off an explosive inside a home near Bagram Air Base American military headquarters, killing seven people and wounding six others.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, The first tanker set off the Cameroon port of Kribi with crude oil from a massive $3.7 billion, 665-mile pipeline from the landlocked nation of Chad.
    (AP, 10/6/03)
2003        Oct 3, Oswaldo Paya, top democracy activist, launched a new challenge to Fidel Castro's government as part of the Varela Project, turning in more than 14,000 signatures of people seeking a human rights referendum just six months after a crackdown on the opposition.
    (AP, 10/4/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Iraq US Army Spc. Jeremy C. Sivits began photographing Iraqi prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib prison. He was under instruction from MP Cpl. Charles A. Graner to not say anything. In 2007 Lt. Col. Steven Lee Jordan (50), who ran the interrogation center at Abu Ghraib, was court-martialed on 8 charges including cruelty and maltreatment of prisoners. In 2008 Philip Gourevitch and Errol Morris authored “Standard Operating Procedure" and produced a documentary film covering the Abu Ghraib abuses. [See Jan 13, 2004]
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A9)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.102)
2003        Oct 3, Pakistan test-launched a missile capable of carrying a nuclear warhead, saying it was the first in a series of tests scheduled for the next few days.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Karachi, Pakistan, gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Shiite Muslim employees of Pakistan's space agency, killing six and wounding at least six others.
    (AP, 10/3/03)
2003        Oct 3, In Sri Lanka the US Embassy said it has re-designated the Tamil Tigers as a terrorist organization, despite an ongoing peace process between the Sri Lankan government and the rebels.
    (AP, 10/4/03)

2004        Oct 3, National security adviser Condoleezza Rice, interviewed on ABC's "This Week" program, defended her characterization of Saddam Hussein's nuclear capabilities in the months before the Iraq invasion.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2004        Oct 3, Janet Leigh (77), actress in Alfred Hitchcock thriller "Psycho," died in Beverly Hills, Ca.
    (AP, 10/4/04)
2004        Oct 3, The party of Brazil's left-leaning president emerged stronger from nationwide municipal elections but did not come in first in the Sao Paulo.
    (AP, 10/4/04)
2004        Oct 3, In southwest Colombia suspected drug dealers opened fire on a rival gang at a ranch, killing at least 10 people, including a toddler and a pregnant woman.
    (AP, 10/4/04)
2004        Oct 3, In northeast India suspected separatists in Assam state bombed a crowded market, a tea plantation and other sites, killing seven people in a second day of explosions and gun attacks that have left at least 57 dead and more than 100 wounded.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 3, Iraqi security forces and U.S. troops claimed success in wresting control of Samarra from Sunni insurgents in fierce fighting.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 3, An Israeli aircraft fired two missiles at a group of Palestinians who launched a homemade rocket at Israel, killing two militants.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 3, Serbs voted for mayors and other municipal posts in runoff elections.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 3, Slovenians voted in parliamentary elections. Janez Jansa’s right-leaning party won weekend elections and promised to maintain Slovenia's pro-Western course after taking power from the Liberal Democrats.
    (AP, 10/4/04)(WSJ, 10/4/04, p.A1)
2004        Oct 3, Two of Spain's most wanted alleged terrorists and at least 16 other suspected members of the armed Basque separatist group ETA were captured in a vast French-Spanish police operation. Mikel “Antza" Albizu Iriarte was arrested with his girlfriend Soledad Genetxea.
    (AP, 10/3/04)(Econ, 10/9/04, p.48)
2004        Oct 3, In central Thailand a huge explosion at a fireworks factory killed eight workers and injured three others.
    (AP, 10/3/04)
2004        Oct 3, Twenty-two would-be immigrants drowned and 42 were missing after a boat that was to have carried them across the Mediterranean broke up and sank off the Tunisian coast.
    (AFP, 10/4/04)

2005        Oct 3, President Bush nominated White House counsel Harriet Miers (b.1945) to the Supreme Court, turning to a lawyer who has never been a judge to replace Sandra Day O'Connor and help reshape the nation's judiciary. She withdrew three weeks later after criticism over her lack of judicial experience and Republican concerns about her conservatism.
    (AP, 10/3/05)(SFC, 10/4/05, p.A1)(AP, 10/3/06)
2005        Oct 3, Representative Tom DeLay, a powerful ally of President George W. Bush, was indicted on a new charge of money laundering as his lawyers moved to dismiss a previous conspiracy indictment filed last week.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, The US search for bodies due to Hurricane Katrina ended with a toll of 964.
    (WSJ, 10/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Oct 3, Stellar Management of NY and Rockpoint Group announced their purchase of the Villas Parkmerced complex in SF. The 115-acre, 3,221-unit complex sold for an estimated $700 million. Carmel Properties and JP Morgan had purchased the property in 1999 for $324 million.
    (SFC, 10/4/05, p.C1)
2005        Oct 3, A Russian space capsule with American tourist Gregory Olsen aboard docked with the international space station.
    (AP, 10/4/06)
2005        Oct 3, The UN ambassadors of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, Australians Barry J. Marshall and Robin Warren won the 2005 Nobel Prize in medicine for showing that bacterial infection, not stress, was to blame for painful ulcers in the stomach and intestine.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In southeastern Bangladesh several bombs went off in crowded court buildings in Chittagong, Chandpur and Laxmipur towns. 2 people were killed and at least 25 wounded.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, Bishop Luiz Flavio Cappio (59), a Catholic bishop on a hunger strike to protest plans to alter the course of a river to irrigate parts of Brazil's arid northeast, said he was "ready to die" if the project goes forward. Pres. Lula da Silva, who was born in one of the drought stricken regions that would benefit from the altered course of the Sao Francisco River, wrote the bishop a letter saying the $2 billion project will help 18 million people in northeastern Brazil.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Singer Emilinha Borba (82), the queen of Brazil's golden age of radio, died of a heart attack. In 1939, Borba recorded her first record, "Pirulito," or "Lollipop," launching her career as a radio singer. Between 1939 and 1964, Borba recorded over 200 songs.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, The boards of pharmaceutical distributor Alliance UniChem PLC and drugstore chain Boots Group PLC said they had agreed to merge.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In Colombia a bomb packed inside a pickup truck and apparently meant to target government forces killed 3 members of a family, including two children, when it exploded as they passed by in Florida County, a FARC stronghold.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, EU nations reached a tentative agreement on pursuing full membership talks with Turkey, diplomats said. A spokesman for the Turkish prime minister denied reports that Ankara had agreed to the deal.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, The EU imposed an arms embargo on Uzbekistan, cut aid, and suspended a cooperation accord to punish the increasingly isolated country for refusing to investigate the violent suppression of an uprising in May.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In El Salvador heavy rains triggered landslides that killed at least 31 people, while rising rivers forced the evacuation of dozens of people there and in neighboring Guatemala.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In France a widespread transit strike expected to touch on nearly all modes of public transportation began late at night in protest of the center-right government's economic and labor policies.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Munich's two-week Oktoberfest drew to a close, and organizers said more people visited this year but they drank less beer than in 2004.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, India and Pakistan signed a deal requiring them to notify each other of plans for ballistic missile tests.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In central India at least 16 people were killed and dozens injured when six cars of a speeding passenger train derailed.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In western Iraq 2 US soldiers and a Marine were killed.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, More than 300 Africans tore through a razor-wire fence separating Morocco from the Spanish enclave of Melilla, clashing with police in the latest wave of undocumented immigrants seeking a foothold in Europe.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, The Palestinian parliament voted that Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas must form a new government within two weeks.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In northern and central Portugal 11 wildfires burned out of control amid the country's worst drought on record.
    (AP, 10/4/05)
2005        Oct 3, In Russia Orthodox priests chanted prayers and believers lighted candles as Patriarch Alexy II led reburial rites for Gen. Anton Denikin, who fought against the Red Army during Russia's civil war and is now cast as a patriot. Denikin, who died in exile in the United States in 1947, was laid to rest together with Russian philosopher Ivan Ilyin and the wives of the two men in the historic Donskoy Monastery in central Moscow.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, In Sangju, South Korea, concertgoers trying to enter a packed stadium sparked a stampede, killing 11 and injuring 72 others.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Sudan's government and rebels from the war-ravaged Darfur region agreed to sit down for face-to-face talks after a week of bickering that had put discussions on hold.
    (AP, 10/3/05)
2005        Oct 3, Switzerland decided to extradite Russia's former nuclear minister to the US on charges of stealing up to $9 million that was intended to improve security of nuclear plants. Russia has been fighting the US extradition request for Yevgeny Adamov out of fear that he could reveal nuclear secrets while facing the charges in the United States.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2006        Oct 3, Americans John C. Mather and George F. Smoot won the 2006 Nobel Prize in physics for work that helped cement the big-bang theory of the universe and deepen understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Federal agents raided 8 locations in SF and Oakland, Ca., and arrested 15 people including Sparky Rose (36), head of the New Remedies Cooperative. Nearly 13,000 plants were seized along with $125,000 in cash.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.B2)
2006        Oct 3, A federal grand jury indicted Colma City, Ca., Councilman Philip Lum Jr. for allegedly taking gifts from the owner of the Lucky Chances Casino and then voting on matters that benefited the cardroom.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.B1)
2006        Oct 3, In California Cambodian and US representatives signed a sister park accord between Samlaut Park and Sequoia National Park.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 3, Jeannik Mequet Littlefield donated $35 million to the SF Opera. She had married Edmund Littlefield in 1945 and he went on to head the Utah Construction Co., a family firm that had built the Hoover Dam.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.A1)
2006        Oct 3, The DJIA rose 56.99 to 11,727.34, to close at a new record high above one set on Jan 14, 2000. Nasdaq rose 6.05 to 2,243.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.C1)
2006        Oct 3, Earl Stefanson (41) was arrested in Hayward, Ca, following a police chase through Oakland. He was wanted for the slaying of Leslie Lamb (36) who died Aug 26 following a severe beating. Police had found a torture chamber in Stefanson’s Oakland home with bloodstains from Lamb and 2 other apparent victims. In 2008 Stefanson was convicted of 1st degree murder and other charges. He was sentenced to 2 life terms in prison.
    (SFC, 10/5/06, p.B3)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.B3)(SFC, 7/2/08, p.B5)
2006        Oct 3, Austria's government resigned, two days after the center-right coalition lost parliamentary elections. It will remain in office until a new government is formed.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, In the Democratic Republic of Congo one person was killed and two injured when a Belgian drone from the EU force crashed in Kinshasa.
    (AFP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, The Czech Republic edged closer to early elections after PM Mirek Topolanek's rightist minority government was toppled in a parliamentary confidence vote.
    (Reuters, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, A top Iranian nuclear official proposed that France create a consortium to enrich uranium in Iran, saying that could satisfy international demands for outside oversight of Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Iraqi lawmakers across party lines endorsed the prime minister's new plan for stopping sectarian killings, but Shiite and Sunni leaders still must work out details of how to put aside sharp divisions and work together to halt the bloodshed. A suicide bomber unleashed a blast in a Baghdad fish market and two Shiite families were found slain north of the capital as violence across Iraq claimed at least 53 lives. A raid killed four terror suspects in the western Iraqi town of Haditha. The US command captured 28 suspected terrorists in a raids in southeastern Baghdad. A US soldier was killed in a shooting in Baghdad. A second died from gunfire in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/5/06)(AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 3, OPEC President Nigeria called on its fellow OPEC countries to make deeper output cuts as prices tumbled to an 8-month low below $59 a barrel and the tide showed no sign of turning.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, North Korea said it will conduct a nuclear test in the face of what it claimed was "the U.S. extreme threat of a nuclear war," ratcheting up tensions amid international pressure to return to negotiations on its atomic program.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Gunmen linked to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement threatened to assassinate leaders of the rival Hamas group, heightening tensions from three days of fighting that has killed 10 Palestinians.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, In the Philippines Bishop Alberto Ramento of Tarlac, former Obispo Maximo of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI), was found stabbed to death at his rectory. He was a noisy critic of government security forces.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.46)
2006        Oct 3, Russia suspended all transport and postal links with Georgia until further notice, sharply escalating their dispute. The blockade caused economic problems for Armenia, Georgia's landlocked southern neighbor, since Russia is its main trading partner.
    (AP, 10/3/06)(AP, 10/7/06)
2006        Oct 3, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels agreed to unconditional talks with the government but warned they will pull out of a 2002 cease-fire if the government persists with its military campaign.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, Thailand's deposed premier Thaksin Shinawatra resigned from his once all-powerful party in a letter faxed from London.
    (AP, 10/3/06)
2006        Oct 3, A Turkish Airlines plane carrying 113 people from Albania to Istanbul landed in Italy where a Turkish man surrendered and released all the passengers unharmed. The Turkish army deserter who hijacked the airliner sought asylum because he feared persecution in his Muslim homeland after his conversion to Christianity and wanted Pope Benedict XVI's protection.
    (AP, 10/4/06)(AP, 10/3/07)
2006        Oct 3, In Venezuela 2 boys, Renzo Festa (9) and Domenico Festa (12), were abducted along with their mother, Nathaly Gotera de Festa, as she drove them to school. Gotera (35) was married to Italian-Venezuelan businessman Domenico Festa and was in the process of obtaining her Italian citizenship.
    (AP, 10/7/06)

2007        Oct 3, President Bush, in a sharp confrontation with Congress, vetoed a bipartisan bill to reauthorize and dramatically expand SCHIP, a children's health insurance begun in 1997.
    (AP, 10/3/07)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.34)
2007        Oct 3, US federal authorities said they had rounded up more than 1,300 illegal immigrants in Southern California during the past two weeks in the largest sweep of its kind.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Tony Ryan (b.1936), Irish-born aviation entrepreneur and co-founder of Ryanair (1985), died.
    (WSJ, 10/6/07, p.A17)(
2007        Oct 3, Afghan troops backed by NATO-led forces clashed with suspected Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan, leaving 20 militants dead.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 3, Four former officials of Albania's state-controlled oil company, Albpetrol, were arrested on suspicion of theft and abuse of office.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 3, PM John Howard said Australia will not take any more refugees from Africa until at least the middle of next year. He said Australia's 13,000-a-year refugee intake was being "rebalanced" from Africa to the Middle East and Asia where the need was more acute.
    (AFP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Li Heping, an outspoken Chinese lawyer, said he was abducted and beaten for hours on Sep 29, and accused of causing unrest by representing clients with complaints of official corruption and police abuse. Li said he wasn't sure if he would be able to continue working. He returned to his office the day after the attack and found his lawyer's license was missing. A portable hard drive and his computer memory had been wiped clean.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Police in East Timor arrested Vicente "Railos" da Conciecao, the suspected head of a hit squad. He was linked with Rogerio Lobato, a former interior minister convicted of giving weapons to civilians during a wave of violence last year.
    (Reuters, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Ethiopia overnight at the start of a tour of African countries that will also take in South Africa and Liberia.
    (AFP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, In India at least 13 elderly women traveling to a Hindu festival were trampled to death and 42 others were injured in a northern railway station when two trains arrived on adjacent platforms in Mughalsarai.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 3, Nearly two dozen previously unknown Iraqi insurgent groups announced a new coalition to fight foreign occupation but it also set conditions for talks with the US in a statement on a Web site affiliated with the country's deposed Baath party. The 22 groups said their leader is Izzat al-Douri, the highest ranking member of Saddam Hussein's former ruling party. The Polish ambassador to Iraq was slightly wounded and two civilians, including a bodyguard, were killed in a roadside bomb attack in downtown Baghdad. About 900 Polish troops are stationed training Iraqi personnel and 21 have died during the conflict. The US military said it had discovered a list of some 500 al Qaeda militants recruited to fight in Iraq from a range of European, Middle East and north African countries. The WHO said the toll of people in Iraq infected with cholera has risen to 3,315.
    (AP, 10/3/07)(Reuters, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Soldiers said they were hunting pro-democracy protesters in Myanmar's largest city and the top US diplomat in the country said military police had pulled people out of their homes during the night. The European Union agreed in principle to punish the junta with sanctions.
    (AP, 10/3/07)(AFP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, A Dutch court rejected a prosecution appeal against the release of Philippine communist leader Jose Maria Sison, accused of being involved in murders in the Philippines.
    (AFP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Local media said police in southwest Nigeria have arrested five politicians for allegedly raping a 15-year-old schoolgirl. The suspects, all members of the west African giant's ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP), were arrested for the offence in Ilesha. An opposition Action Congress (AC) spokesman said the rape victim was among eight supporters of the party who were abducted two weeks ago in the town. At least 38 people were killed and 48 reported missing after two ferries collided on a river in northern Nigeria's Kebbi State.
    (AP, 10/3/07)(AFP, 10/5/07)
2007        Oct 3, An Islamic court in northern Nigeria banned a play written by a civil rights activist which satirizes the implementation of Sharia law in 12 mainly Muslim states. The upper Sharia court in the Tudun Wada neighborhood of the northern city of Kaduna issued the order restraining Shehu Sani from selling or circulating his play, "Phantom Crescent."
    (AFP, 10/7/07)
2007        Oct 3, The six nations involved in disarmament talks said North Korea agreed to provide a complete list of its nuclear programs and disable its facilities at its main reactor complex by Dec. 31, 2007. However, North Korea has since said it would move to restore its nuclear reactor, saying the United States had failed to follow through with promised incentives.
    (AP, 10/3/07)(AP, 10/3/08)
2007        Oct 3, In Russia workers rebuilding a 19th century Moscow house dug up the remains of nearly three dozen people. An estimated 34 people were found. Some of the remains, which were found under a basement of a house on the estate, had gunshot wounds to the skull and appeared to date back to the 1930s. Sergei Buluchevsky, a government investigator, later said preliminary forensic findings indicated the remains were at least a century old and that there were no signs of violent death.
    (AP, 10/4/07)(AP, 10/18/07)
2007        Oct 3, Russian and US space chiefs signed agreements in Moscow to cooperate on unmanned missions that would search for potential water deposits beneath the surface of the moon and Mars.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, A pressurized air pipe snapped at the mine near Johannesburg and tumbled down a shaft, causing extensive damage to an elevator and stranding 3,200 miners more than a mile underground. More than 2,000 trapped gold miners were rescued in a dramatic all-night operation, and efforts gathered speed to bring hundreds more to the surface. By the next night all the miners had emerged safely.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 3, President Viktor Yushchenko ordered Ukraine's feuding parties to strike a deal on a post-election government, a move likely to aggravate a political deadlock that has stalled economic reforms. With more than 99% of the vote counted, Regions Party had 34.3% and its Communist Party ally 5.4. The Tymoshenko bloc had polled 30.8 and Our Ukraine 14.2%.
    (Reuters, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, The UN General Assembly's ministerial meeting that saw an international outcry over military repression in Myanmar, new killings in Darfur and Iran's nuclear program, closed in NYC with a call for global action on climate change, poverty and terrorism.
    (AP, 10/4/07)
2007        Oct 3, President Hugo Chavez accused the US of trying to spur a military rebellion, saying the CIA is behind the distribution of leaflets inside army barracks calling for his ouster.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Disaster officials began evacuating 400,000 people as a typhoon approached Vietnam's central coast, packing winds up to 83 mph. Typhoon Lekima slammed into Vietnam's central coast, killing two people, destroying hundreds of houses and unleashing floods in one of the country's poorest regions.
    (AP, 10/3/07)
2007        Oct 3, Teachers at state schools across inflation-ravaged Zimbabwe began an indefinite strike to press for better salaries.
    (AP, 10/3/07)

2008        Oct 3, Pres. Bush signed the Child Soldiers Accountability Act, making it a federal crime in the US to recruit and use soldiers under 15 years even if they operate outside the US. Rebel groups and government-armed militias using child soldiers in the Philippines and 16 other strife-torn countries faced prosecution in the United States under the new law.
    (AP, 10/8/08)
2008        Oct 3, The US House of Representatives voted 263-171 for the $700 billion economic rescue plan and Pres. Bush quickly signed the bill. Wall Street fell 157 points to 10,325.38, its lowest close since October 2005, as more economic bad news was made public. The $700 billion represented about 6% of American GDP.
    (AP, 10/4/08)(WSJ, 10/4/08, p.B1)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.17)
2008        Oct 3, United States Protection and Investigations, a Houston security company, was indicted on charges of defrauding the US government for work done during the Afghanistan war and rebuilding efforts.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, The Great Lakes Governors (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin) applauded President George W. Bush for signing a joint resolution of Congress providing consent to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.  It barred new diversions beyond the Great Lakes Basin.
    (, 5/22/10, p.36)
2008        Oct 3, Thomas Petters (51), founder of Petters Co., was arrested in Minnesota on charges of mail and wire fraud, money laundering and obstruction of justice. Over 20 investors and investment groups were thought to have been bilked of over $100 million and losses claimed by funds could top $2 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/4/08, p.B7)
2008        Oct 3, O.J. Simpson was found guilty of robbing two sports-memorabilia dealers at gunpoint in a Las Vegas hotel room on Sep 13, 2007. This was 13 years to the day after being acquitted of killing his wife and her friend in Los Angeles. Four other men charged in the case struck plea bargains that saved them from potential prison sentences in return for their testimony.
    (AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Oct 3, Wachovia said it agreed to be acquired by San Francisco-based Wells Fargo & Co. in a $15.1 billion all-stock deal. But Citigroup demanded that Wachovia abide by the terms of its earlier deal to buy Wachovia's banking operations.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, In Alabama a collision on a rural highway between an 18-wheeler and a state van killed 6 applicants for prison jobs and their driver.
    (SFC, 10/4/08, p.A3)
2008        Oct 3, NATO launched an airstrike near the Afghan border with Pakistan. A jet fighter bombed two houses in different parts of Datta Khel. Intelligence officials in the region said 2 women and one child were killed and 5 men wounded. A militant attack on a US patrol in eastern Kunar province killed an Afghan civilian and wounded four others.
    (Reuters, 10/3/08)(AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, Soldiers from both Cambodia and Thailand were wounded in a brief clash along their volatile border.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, India's Tata Group announced it was abandoning a plant in eastern India which was slated to turn out the world's cheapest car after weeks of violent demonstrations triggered by a land dispute.
    (AFP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, Iraq's presidential council officially approved a law that paves the way for US-backed provincial elections to be held by the end of January. Iraq's parliament had approved the law unanimously on Sept. 24 following months of deadlock centering on a Kurdish-Arab dispute over the city of Kirkuk. Kurdish legislators agreed to the latest proposal after all sides accepted a UN compromise to put off the vote in Tamim province, which includes Kirkuk, and form a committee to recommend separate legislation for elections there by March 31. The US military killed Mahir Ahmad Mahmud al-Zubaydi, also known as Abu Assad or Abu Rami, an al-Qaida in Iraq leader. He was suspected of masterminding the Oct 2 attacks in Baghdad as well as recent bombings and the 2006 videotaped execution of a Russian official. American troops also killed the man's wife in a firefight as they tried to capture him in the northern neighborhood of Azamiyah in Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/3/08)(AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Oct 3, Mexican police clashed with hundreds of villagers who seized the entrance to a Mayan archaeological site and six protesters were killed. Hundreds of villagers had occupied the entrance to the Chinkultic ruins for nearly a month, saying they were protesting excessive entrance fees and a lack of investment in the area. 2 men were found shot to death in Tijuana in the same empty lot near the elementary school where the 12 bodies were found on sep 29.
    (AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Oct 3, US missiles hit a house in Mohammadkhel near the Afghan border. Two Pakistani intelligence officials, citing reports from field agents and informants, said 14 Taliban militants and 8 Arabs died in the attack about 28 miles west of Miran Shah. 2 people wounded in the attack died later bringing the toll to 24.
    (AP, 10/4/08)(AP, 10/5/08)
2008        Oct 3, Russian share prices dropped sharply despite a nearly $200 billion Kremlin rescue plan. Oleg Deripaska, billionaire tycoon, was reported to have given up his 20% stake in Magna Int’l., a Canadian auto parts maker, to creditors.
    (WSJ, 10/4/08, p.A4)
2008        Oct 3, A car exploded outside the Russian military's headquarters in South Ossetia, killing 7 people and wounding 3. The South Ossetian government said a car, that had been confiscated in an ethnic Georgian village after weapons were found in it, exploded near a building where leaders of the Russian peacekeeping force were located.
    (AP, 10/3/08)(,2933,432172,00.html)
2008        Oct 3, The United Nations said fighting has killed at least 80 civilians in Somalia's capital over the last two weeks. More than 100 people have been injured. UN humanitarian office spokeswoman Elisabeth Byrs said nearly half of Somalia's 8.3 million people were in need of food and other assistance.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, Sri Lankan air force jets bombed the offices of the Tamil Tiger political chief Balasingham Nadesan.
    (AP, 10/3/08)
2008        Oct 3, Fighting between Kurdish rebels and Turkey's army and air force in southeastern Turkey and northern Iraq killed 15 soldiers and at least 23 insurgents, in the deadliest battle between the longtime enemies this year.
    (AP, 10/4/08)
2008        Oct 3, Officials said Vietnam's health ministry has discovered the industrial chemical melamine in 18 food products imported from China and three other countries and has ordered them recalled and destroyed.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2009        Oct 3, David Headley (b.1960 as Daood Sayed Gilani), a US citizen of Pakistani descent, was arrested in Chicago. He was suspected of doing reconnaissance for the Nov 26, 2008, Mumbai attack that killed 166 people.
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, p.D3)(
2009        Oct 3, In Minnesota Somali Pres. Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed visited Minneapolis and St. Paul and urged expatriates to help find solutions to the violence in their homeland. The area is home to the largest Somali population in the US.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.A10)
2009        Oct 3, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack on a NATO supply convoy killed a civilian contractor escorting the trucks. Militant fighters streaming from an Afghan village and a mosque attacked a pair of remote outposts near the Pakistani border in the Kamdesh district of Nuristan province, killing 8 US soldiers and 3 Afghan soldiers at Combat Outpost Keating. 13 Afghan police and 2 journalists were captured by the Taliban, including the local police chief and his deputy. The bodies of 5 enemy fighters were found after the battle. NATO later said enemy forces suffered more than 100 dead during the well-coordinated defense. A roadside bomb southwest of Kabul killed a US service member.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)(AFP, 10/6/09)(AP, 2/5/10)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.C1)
2009        Oct 3, In Ethiopia Abdi Mohammed Awhasen, a top rebel leader in the restive Ogaden region, surrendered. His arrest led to the seizure of some four tons of explosive material.
    (AFP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 3, Reinhard Mohn (b.1921), German book publisher, died. He helped transform media group Bertelsmann AG from a German book publisher to an international media company. Mohn took over his family's printing and publishing business, C. Bertelsmann Verlag, in 1947. In 1971 he helped oversee the family-owned company's transformation into a stock corporation and become chairman and chief executive. In 1977, he established the Bertelsmann Stiftung foundation. Bertelsmann's 106,000 employees are scattered across its divisions in more than 50 countries.
    (AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 3, An Iraqi commander said security forces have detained more than 100 suspects in sweeps through Mosul to try to cripple the country's last major stronghold of Sunni insurgents.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 3, In Rome tens of thousands of people gathered to defend freedom of the press accusing Pres. Silvio Berlusconi of trying to silence critical voices.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 3, The Israeli army carried out airstrikes on a weapons workshop east of Gaza City and two weapons smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border. The strikes were in response to one mortar shell and one rocket fired at Israel from Gaza the day before.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 3, In Nigeria Farah Dagogo, a former commander of the country's main militant group, said that he and other field commanders in Rivers state have surrendered all of their weapons. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) said it has already replaced the commanders who have surrendered. The group has said it would not accept an amnesty deal. Loyalists of Government Ekpemupolo, popularly known as Tompolo, filled up boats from the oil city of Warri and made for Oporoza camp, a two-hour boat ride, to witness him giving up his weapons.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AFP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 3, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Taliban militants fatally shot tribal elder Malik Abdul Majeed as he traveled to discuss anti-militancy efforts with government authorities. The dead body of a man accused of spying for the US turned up in the Bajur tribal region. Helicopter gunships pounded militants hide-outs in Charmang town in Bajur, killing five insurgents. Security forces killed three militants in the Swat Valley and arrested 16 others.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 3, In the Philippines Typhoon Parma cut a destructive path across the northern Philippines killing at least 30 people and leaving more than a dozen villages flooded, piling further misery on the Southeast Asian nation after floods from Ketsana claimed 298 lives.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 3-2009 Oct 4, In southern Sudan 16 people were killed in clashes between forces loyal to an ex-warlord and the governor's guards in oil-rich Unity State. At least 23 people were killed and more than a thousand fled their homes in ethnic clashes over the weekend.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 3, Some 2,000 people marched across Venezuela's capital to protest what they say is the persecution of President Hugo Chavez's opponents.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2010        Aug 3, Pres. Obama signed the Fair Sentencing Act. It allowed judges to take mitigating factors into account when sentencing a prisoner.
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.31)(
2010        Oct 3, The US and Britain warned their citizens of an increased risk of terrorist attacks in Europe, with Washington saying al Qaeda might target transport infrastructure.
    (Reuters, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, Rohm Emanuel, former US White House chief of staff, said in a video on his website that he’s preparing to run for mayor of Chicago.
    (SFC, 10/4/10, p.A6)
2010        Aug 3, Lawrence Salander (61), NYC owner of a lavish Upper East Side gallery, was sentenced to six to 18 years in prison. He had pleaded guilty earlier this year to 29 counts of grand larceny and fraud.
    (AP, 10/24/10)(
2010        Oct 3, The SF Giants baseball team clinched a division title with a 3-0 win over the San Diego Padres.
    (SFC, 10/4/10, p.A1)
2010        Oct 3, San Francisco’s Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival, sponsored by financier Warren Hellman, drew some 350,000 listeners to Golden Gate Park. The 10th annual weekend festival drew some 600,000 all together.
    (SFC, 10/4/10, p.C2)
2010        Oct 3, In NYC a potential recruit for the Latin King Goonies street gang and 2 other men were beaten and sodomized for their sexual contacts. 8 suspects were later arrested and one more was sought in the gruesome assaults. 2 more suspects were charged on Oct 12.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A7)(SSFC, 10/10/10, p.A10)(AP, 10/13/10)
2010        Oct 3, The Afghan government said it has started dissolving private security firms in the country by taking steps to end the operations of eight companies, including the firm formerly known as Blackwater and three other international contractors. An insurgent with the Haqqani network responsible for attacking coalition and Afghan troops was captured in an operation in eastern Khost province. 3 insurgents died in an Afghan and NATO operation in Kandahar province's Arghandab district. The raid in Khisroo village also recovered explosive material and an anti-personnel mine that were destroyed. At least 3 Afghan civilians were killed along with 17 insurgents in a NATO air strike in Helmand.
    (AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/4/10)(Reuters, 10/4/10)
2010        Oct 3, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales kneed an opposing player in the groin during a soccer match against a team of political rivals after an apparent hard foul by the opponent. Images of the altercation were broadcast and posted to YouTube.
    (AP, 10/5/10)
2010        Oct 3, Voters in Bosnia-Herzegovina cast ballots in elections likely to further entrench their nation's ethnic divisions and threaten possible EU entry. Some 3 million voters uneasily split between Serbs, Bosniaks and Croats chose from 8,000 candidates for the central and several regional parliaments, the Bosnian Serb presidency and the federal presidency. Preliminary election results indicated that the three-person presidency will remain deadlocked over the nation's future, with two leaders of the ethnically divided country advocating unity and a third pushing for the country's breakup.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, Brazil held presidential elections. Ruling party candidate Dilma Rousseff looked poised to sweep to victory. Rousseff, who is trying to become Brazil's first female leader, fell short of getting a majority of votes in presidential elections and faced a runoff in four weeks against an experienced, centrist rival. Francisco Everardo Oliveira Silva (45), better known by his clown name Tiririca, received more than 1.3 million votes in Sao Paulo state in Brazil's presidential and congressional elections. "What does a congressman do? The truth is I don't know, but vote for me and I'll tell you," he said in his campaign advertisements. On Nov 11 Silva convinced the Sao Paulo Electoral court that he could read and write.
    (AP, 10/3/10)(AFP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/4/10)(Reuters, 10/5/10)(SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A4)
2010        Oct 3, In China 6 people were killed when the wall of a factory under construction fell in Qingzhou city, Shandong province. 5 people were injured, 2 of them severely.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, Egypt backed the Palestinians' refusal to negotiate with Israel as long as it continues to build West Bank settlements, even as officials urged for continued diplomacy to salvage the month-old talks.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, Egyptian and Iranian airlines agreed to resume direct flights between the two countries for the first time since 1979.
    (SFC, 10/4/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 3, In India the troubled Commonwealth Games got underway with a glittering opening ceremony in a fortress-like New Delhi after a shambolic run-up that threatened to derail the event.
    (AFP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, In Iran a top official said Industrial computers infected by Stuxnet have been cleaned and returned to their units, following reports that the malware was mutating and wreaking havoc with equipment.
    (AFP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, An Israeli military court convicted two soldiers of using a Palestinian child as a human shield by forcing him to check for booby traps on Jan 15, 2009, during the 2008-2009 Gaza war. Israeli police shot and killed Izzedine Qawasmeh (35), a father of five and a construction worker from the West Bank village of Sair, after he used a rope to scale a towering wall meant to keep Palestinians from sneaking into Israel. On Nov 21 the two soldiers received suspended sentences and demotions.
    (AFP, 10/3/10)(AP, 10/3/10)(AP, 11/21/10)
2010        Oct 3, Nigeria's federal police force named two men, Ben Jessy and Chima Orlu, as the "masterminds" behind the Oct 1 bombings in Abuja.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, Thousands of Serb pilgrims gathered in a medieval monastery in western Kosovo amid tight security to attend the enthronement ceremony of the new Serbian Patriarch Irinej.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, In Somalia fighting in Mogadishu left at least eight people dead.
    (AP, 10/3/10)
2010        Oct 3, Spain's beleaguered PM Zapatero suffered an embarrassing setback in a local election race, and a poll showed his party trailing ever further behind the opposition conservatives at the national level.
    (AP, 10/4/10)

2011        Oct 3, A US court sentenced two more Somali pirates to life in prison over the hijacking of a yacht off the coast of Africa in February that left four Americans on board dead. Muhidin Salad Omar (30) and Mahdi Jama Mohamed, (23-24), became the third and fourth Somali pirates to be sentenced to life in prison after pleading guilty over the fatal hijacking in May. Seven more have pleaded guilty to charges of piracy and awaited mandatory life sentences. Three others faced the death penalty.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, George Soros said he has pledged $27.4 million to aid development in targeted villages across rural Africa. He also pledged up to $20 million to support business projects within those villages over the next 5 years.
    (SFC, 10/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 3, Kathy Scruggs (44) of Atlanta, Georgia, claimed the cash option and will receive $15,124,017 before taxes in the $25 million prize. She matched all of the winning numbers in the Sep 14 multistate Powerball drawing. She said she had requested a Mega Millions ticket but wound up with that and the Powerball ticket and accepted both of them.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, US whiskey maker Jim Beam was spun off from Fortune Brands. It planned to gear future marketing toward women.
    (SFC, 10/15/11, p.D3)
2011        Oct 3, Hewlett-Packard announced that it has acquired control of Autonomy, a British software firm, for $10.3 billion. In 2012 HP said it was writing down the value of Autonomy by $8.8 billion, ascribing over $5 billion to accounting improprieties.
    (, 11/24/12, p.71)
2011        Oct 3, Yahoo!, the premier digital media company, and ABC News announced they will join forces to launch a strategic online news alliance that will deliver content to more than 100 million U.S. users each month.
2011        Oct 3, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers in separate attacks struck Kandahar city, killing three people. US Pvt. Danny Chen (19) was found in a guard tower at Combat Outpost Palace with what the Army described as "an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound." In December 8 soldiers from Chen's company faced charges relating his death, including dereliction of duty, assault, negligent homicide and involuntary manslaughter. In 2012 a court-martial found Army Sgt. Adam Holcomb guilty of maltreatment and assault of Chen. On Aug 13 Spec. Ryan Offutt pleaded guilty to hazing and mistreatment and was sentenced to 6 months in prison.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)(AP, 12/21/11)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A4)
2011        Oct 3, A Bahraini special court jailed 36 Shiites for up to 25 years each in three separate cases related to month-long democracy protests in the Gulf kingdom.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Bangladesh Delwar Hossain Sayedee, a senior leader from the largest Islamic party, was charged with war crimes for allegedly leading groups that took part in killing, looting, arson and rape during the country's 1971 independence war against Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Denmark PM Helle Thorning-Schmidt (b.1966) took office. Her government soon scrapped renewed customs checks at its border with Germany.
    (AP, 11/17/11)(
2011        Oct 3, Haiti's President Michel Martelly said the government is boosting student enrollment this year by putting more than 700,000 youths into classrooms. The National Fund for Education will pay tuition for 142,000 students who will go to school for the first time.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Iraq 4 insurgents disguised as police officers seized control of a police station in western Anbar province, taking dozens of hostages and killing four of them before Iraqi forces swept in and ended the standoff. 2 insurgents blew themselves up and 2 were killed by police. Gunmen tried to attack another police station about 10 miles (16 km) away, but were repulsed. Security forces killed two insurgents and arrested another three.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In northern Israel arsonists torched a mosque in an Arab village, setting off protests by residents who clashed with police. Graffiti sprayed at the site suggested Jewish radicals, suspected in other recent mosque fires, were involved.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Hanan Porat (67), a driving force behind Israel's settlement of the West Bank, died of cancer. The former Israeli lawmaker was a founder of the now-defunct movement Gush Emunim, Hebrew for "the bloc of the faithful" (1974), a messianic movement committed to settling land Israel captured in the 1967 war.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, An Italian appeals court dramatically overturned the conviction of Amanda Knox, an American student, of sexually assaulting and brutally slaying her British roommate. The family of victim Meredith Kercher (21) appeared overwhelmed at the ruling, saying they were shocked and bewildered by the stunning reversal of the 2009 decision. Knox’s one-time boyfriend, Italian Raffaele Sollecito, was also released.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, Libya's transitional leaders named a new Cabinet and said they would step down after the country is fully secured. Revolutionary forces seized the village of Abu Hadi south of Sirte. 2 anti-Gadhafi fighters were killed and 28 wounded in intense battles in Sirte.
    (AP, 10/3/11)(AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, Mexico City police found two severed human heads on a street near a major military base, a grisly tactic of warring drug gangs that has long affected other parts of the country while largely sparing the capital. The heads were accompanied by a note referring to the "Mano con Ojos" or "Hand with Eyes" drug gang. Hidalgo police chief Damian Canales said officers have captured four alleged members of the gang believed to have participated in the killings of 70 people, most whose bodies were disposed of by being dissolved in vats. He said suspect Javier Rodriguez (21) told agents he had shot 20 members of the Gulf Cartel. In Acapulco four men were bound and shot in an auto repair shop with two cars set on fire.
    (AP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Nigeria gunmen suspected of being members of the Boko Haram Islamist sect shot dead three people at a market in the violence-torn northern city of Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, In Nigeria a tanker truck collided with a 16-seat minibus along the Damaturu-Potiskum road in Yobe state. 11 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Palestinian officials said that the US has suspended two West Bank development projects worth $81 billion after Congress froze finding to dissuade Palestinians from seeking UN recognition of an independent state.
    (SFC, 10/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Oct 3, In the Philippines more than 200 heavily armed communist rebels of the New People's Army stormed three mining companies in a weakly secured southern region, burning heavy equipment, disarming guards and briefly holding several people in Surigao del Norte province.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Sweden’s Nobel committee at Stockholm's Karolinska institute said three scientists won the Nobel Prize in medicine for discoveries about the immune system that opened new avenues for the treatment and prevention of infectious illnesses and cancer. American Bruce Beutler and French scientist Jules Hoffmann shared the 10 million-kronor ($1.5 million) award with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, Syrian troops going house to house have detained more than 3,000 people in the past three days in the rebellious town of Rastan that government forces recently retook in some of the worst fighting since the country's uprising began six months ago.
    (AP, 10/3/11)
2011        Oct 3, The Tanzanian navy foiled a pirate attack on an offshore oil drilling ship and captured all seven bandits. The attack on the Ocean Rig Poseidon, owned by Ocean Rig of Norway, took place as it was carrying out exploration drilling for Brazilian firm Petrobras.
    (AFP, 10/4/11)
2011        Oct 3, Uganda’s former vice president, Gilbert Bukenya (2003-2011), was taken to Luzira prison on the outskirts of Kampala. He was accused of fraudulently awarding a $2 million contract in 2007. He has denied the allegations.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2012        Oct 3, A US federal indictment filed in Brooklyn named Alexander Fishenko, an immigrant from Kazakhstan, as a secret agent for the Russian military. Fishenko had made millions off his Texas export firm, Arc Electronics Inc. He was among 11 defendants named in the indictment. On July 21, 2016, Fishenko was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A6)(SFC, 7/22/16, p.A7)
2012        Oct 3, A US federal indictment linked Jose Sanchez-Villalobos (49), a high-ranking member of the Sinaloa drug cartel, to two of the largest drug tunnels discovered under the San Diego-Tijuana border.
    (SFC, 10/5/12, p.A6)
2012        Oct 3, Chicago police began top chop down some 1,500 marijuana plants discovered a day earlier on the city’s far South Side.
    (SFC, 10/5/12, p.A10)
2012        Oct 3, Cellphone companies T-Mobile USA and MetroPCS Communications announced plans to merge. Deutsche Telekom AG, the owner of T-Mobile USA, will hold 74 percent of the new business.
    (Reuters, 10/3/12)
2012        Oct 3, A 24-hour strike by Belgian rail workers paralyzed train traffic throughout Belgium and the international high-speed service to London and Paris.
    (AP, 10/3/12)
2012        Oct 3, British ministers froze three more rail franchise competitions after the Department for Transport (DfT) said that "completely unacceptable" flaws had been uncovered in its handling of bids to run the West Coast Main Line, a jewel in the crown of the rail network linking London and Scotland.
    (AP, 10/3/12)
2012        Oct 3, In Britain a documentary screened on ITV showing interviews with several people who claimed they had been abused as children by Jimmy Savile, a popular BBC presenter who died in 2011.
    (Econ, 10/27/12, p.58)
2012        Oct 3, In Indonesia more than 2 million factory workers went on a one-day strike across the country demanding better benefits and protesting the hiring of contract workers.
    (AP, 10/3/12)
2012        Oct 3, Iranian police threatened merchants who closed their shops in Tehran's main bazaar and launched crackdowns on sidewalk money changers as part of a push to halt the plunge of Iran's currency, which has shed more than a third its value in less than a week. 16 people were arrested during protests demanding relief from the plummeting currency.
    (AP, 10/3/12)(SFC, 10/5/12, p.A3)
2012        Oct 3, An Iraqi court sentenced an American citizen to life in prison on charges of assisting al-Qaida and financing terrorist activities in Iraq. According to the Interior Ministry Omar Rashad Khalil (53) was recruited by al-Qaida in Iraq in 2005. Khalil, an architectural engineer, is of Palestinian descent and entered Iraq in 2001. Five bystanders were killed and 13 people wounded in a morning car bombing in Baghdad. Six people convicted on terrorism charges were executed today, bringing the number of executions since the beginning of this year to 102.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 3, In Liberia more than 60 inmates broke out of a maximum security prison in the southeastern city of Zwedru.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 3, Malawi Pres. Joyce Banda announced that she will take a 30% pay cut to show that she will sacrifice personally as part of her government's austerity measures.
    (AP, 10/3/12)
2012        Oct 3, Mexico launched an extensive program to vaccinate fifth-grade girls against human papillomavirus.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A5)
2012        Oct 3, In Mexico Jose Eduardo Moreira (25), a Coahuila state employee and son of former Gov. Humberto Moreira, was found shot to death outside the border town of Ciudad Acuna.
    (SFC, 10/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 3, Human Rights Watch said that Hamas security forces in the Gaza Strip commit rampant abuses against Palestinian prisoners. The report titled “Abusive Systems" noted beatings with metal clubs and rubber hoses, mock executions and arbitrary arrests, and urged the Islamic militant group to swiftly reform its criminal justice system.
    (AP, 10/3/12)(SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 3, In the Philippines the new Cybercrime Prevention Act went into effect, setting penalties for a range of computer-related crimes with provisions related to libel. Critics said it could lead to imprisonment for simple activities like sharing Facebook and Twitter posts. On Oct 9 the Supreme Court suspended the new law.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A2)(SFC, 10/10/12, p.A2)
2012        Oct 3, Serbia's police banned a gay pride march in Belgrade, citing security concerns but also complying with a request from Serbia's Christian Orthodox church.
    (AP, 10/3/12)
2012        Oct 3, Spanish police arrested a man on suspicion that he planned to imitate the 1999 Columbine school killings by planting bombs around a university campus. Police seized 140 kilograms (308 pounds) of bomb-making material when they arrested the 21-year-old man in the Balearic island city of Palma de Mallorca.
    (AP, 10/4/12)
2012        Oct 3, In Syria 3 suicide bombers detonated cars packed with explosives in the main square of the northern city of Aleppo, killing over 40 people, leveling buildings and trapping survivors     under the rubble. Regime troops reportedly killed two more would-be suicide bombers before they could detonate their explosives. A fourth car bomb went off in the Bab Jnein area near the Old City where the Chamber of Commerce is located.
    (AP, 10/3/12)(SFC, 10/4/12, p.A3)
2012        Oct 3, Turkish authorities arrested Ali Harzi for reported links to the Sep 11 attack on a US consulate in Libya. He was repatriated to Tunisia on Oct 11 and faced terrorism charges there. Harzi was one of two Tunisians reportedly arrested in Turkey when they tried to enter the country with false passports.
    (AP, 10/25/12)
2012        Oct 3, Syrian-Turkish cross-border tensions escalated after a shell fired from inside Syria landed on a home in the Turkish village of Akcakale, killing two women and three of their daughters and wounding at least 10 others.
    (AP, 10/4/12)

2013        Oct 3, The United States and Japan agreed to modernize their defense alliance for the first time in 16 years to address growing concerns about North Korea's nuclear program, global terrorism, cyber intrusions and other 21st century threats.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, The US-Korea Institute at John Hopkins said North Korea’s main nuclear complex was discharging hot wastewater in a further sign that the country has restarted its Soviet-era nuclear reactor.
    (SFC, 10/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 3, The United States slapped sanctions on Rwanda over the use of child soldiers by rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo which Kigali is accused of backing.
    (AFP, 10/4/13)
2013        Oct 3, In Washington DC a dramatic car chase through the streets near the White House to the US Capitol ended in gunfire when law enforcement officers shot and killed the driver as lawmakers and aides huddled in a lockdown. The car involved in the chase was registered to Miriam Carey (34) of Connecticut. A one-year-old girl in the car was unhurt.
    (AP, 10/4/13)
2013        Oct 3, Bill Eppridge (b.1938)), American photo-journalist, died in Connecticut. His work included the book: “A Time It Was – Bobby Kennedy in the Sixties" (2008).
    (SSFC, 10/6/13, p.C11)
2013        Oct 3, A Bahrain court jailed four Shiites for life after convicting them of detonating a bomb targeting police that wounded an Asian man.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, China’s state media said swarms of hornets have killed 42 people in the northwest in recent months. Hua Baozhen, a professor of entomology at Northwest Agriculture Forestry University, attributed the attacks mostly to a decrease in the number of the hornets' natural enemies, such as spiders and birds, due to ecological changes.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, Nikos Michaloliakos, the leader of Greece's far-right Golden Dawn party, was sent to jail pending trial on criminal charges, the first time an elected party chief has been put behind bars since a military coup nearly five decades ago.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)(Econ, 10/5/13, p.56)
2013        Oct 3, Hong Kong officials said customs agents have seized 189 elephant tusks, valued at about $1.5 million, in the city’s 3rd biggest bust of endangered species products in three months.
    (SFC, 10/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Oct 3, An Indian court sentenced Lalu Prasad Yadav, a powerful ally of the ruling Congress party, to five years in jail for siphoning off state funds, underlining that a wave of public disgust with rampant corruption is finally catching up with the nation's politicians.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, In Iraq a bomb exploded near a football field, killing 5 people and wounding at least 11 in Madain.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, A smuggler's boat, carrying migrants from Eritrea, Ghana and Somalia, capsized off Italy’s southern island of Lampedusa. 160 bodies were soon recovered and 155 people rescued. 366 lives were lost. On Nov 8 police said dozens of the asylum-seekers had been raped and tortured in Libya before starting their journey. Three traffickers were under arrest.
    (AP, 10/3/13)(AP, 10/4/13)(AP, 10/6/13)
2013        Oct 3, In Kenya Sheikh Ibrahim Omar was shot dead in Mombasa. He preached at a mosque that has in the past been linked to the Somali al Shabaab Islamists who claimed responsibility for the shopping center attack.
    (Reuters, 10/4/13)
2013        Oct 3, Madagascar police said a crowd burned two Europeans and a local man alive on the Nosy Be tourist island because they suspected them of trafficking human organs after a dead child was found on a beach. 26 people were soon arrested in the case.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)(AFP, 10/5/13)(AFP, 10/6/13)
2013        Oct 3, In Nigeria a chartered airplane nosedived into the ground and burst into flames meters from tanks of aviation fuel, killing 11 people shortly after taking off from Lagos. The plane was carrying mourners and the body of former Ondo state Gov. Olusegun Agagu, who died on Sep 13. The next day Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority suspended all the operations of Lagos-based Associated Airline.
    (AP, 10/3/13)(AP, 10/7/13)
2013        Oct 3, Pakistan said it has scrapped plans to reinstate the death penalty, following threats by Taliban militants to step up attacks in retaliation. At least 15 people were killed in an attack on a pro-government militia commander in the Orakzai tribal area.
    (Reuters, 10/3/13)(SFC, 10/4/13, p.A6)
2013        Oct 3, Palestinian farmers, after a long court battle, reclaimed land they lost to an Israeli settlement in the 1970s. Israel had dismantled Homesh and three other West Bank settlements in 2005, in connection with a wider withdrawal from the Gaza Strip, but refused to let the original Palestinian landowners return.
    (AP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, Officials said Portugal has passed the latest test of its compliance with the terms of its bailout and qualified for around 5.5 billion euros ($7.5 billion) in further funding from creditors.
    (AP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, Russian investigators charged 16 more crew members of a Greenpeace ship with piracy for a protest at a Russian oil platform in the Arctic. All 30 crew members from 17 countries now faced 15-year prison terms if convicted.
    (AP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, In Syria experts tasked with implementing the UN resolution ordering the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal began work, as the world body demanded access to civilians trapped by the conflict.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)
2013        Oct 3, In Syria six of the most powerful rebel factions issued a joint statement telling an Al-Qaeda front group (ISIL) to withdraw from the northern town of Azaz bordering Turkey. In a separate statement, rebels in central Syria also called on the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) to leave Homs province.
    (AFP, 10/3/13)

2014        Oct 3, A US government watchdog agency asked the Air Force to explain why it destroyed 16 aircraft initially bought for the Afghan air force and turn them into $32,000 of scrap metal instead of finding other ways to salvage nearly $500 million in US funds spent on the program.
    (Reuters, 10/10/14)
2014        Oct 3, Comer Cottrell (b.1931), black entrepreneur and philantropist, died. His Curly Kit (1980) was the first do-it-yourself product for producing loose waves favored by many top black celebrities. His Pro-Line became a division of Alberto-Culver in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/10/14, p.D5)
2014        Oct 3, Australia’s government said it will investigate sexual abuse claims at its refugee detention center on Nauru, while removing 10 aid workers from the South Pacific island following reports of coaching detainees to commit self-harm protests.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, In London Ian Edmondson, a former news editor at Britain's News of the World, pleaded guilty to conspiring to hack the phones of celebrities, politicians and royals.
    (AP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, The EU's antitrust authority says it has approved Facebook's proposed $19 billion takeover of the messaging service WhatsApp.
    (AP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, In Hong Kong violent scuffles broke out in Mong Kok, a famous and congested shopping district, as hundreds of supporters of Chinese rule stormed tents and ripped down banners belonging to pro-democracy protesters, forcing many to retreat.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, In eastern India at least 32 people were killed in a stampede triggered by rumors that an electrical wire had fallen on people attending the Dussehra Hindu festival in Patna, Bihar state.
    (SFC, 10/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Oct 3, In Kenya protesters blocked truckers on the only highway from Mombasa port to the capital Nairobi, threatening to choke the main trade artery with much of east Africa. More than two hundred residents in Voi halted traffic with burning tires to demand jobs from a Chinese company contracted to build a section of a railway in the area.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, In Mali 9 United Nations peacekeepers from Niger were killed in an ambush on their convoy.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, In Peru attackers opened fire with assault rifles just before dawn on four vehicles carrying 28 police officers near the town of Machente in the southeastern region of Ayacucho. 2 officers were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, A Rwandan court convicted ex-army officer Joel Mutabazi on charges of plotting attacks against the central African nation and ordered he spend the rest of his life behind bars.
    (AFP, 10/4/14)
2014        Oct 3, In Spain the pro-independence regional government in Catalonia said it still plans to hold a secession referendum Nov. 9 as it studies ways to convince Spain's Constitutional Court to lift a provisional suspension of the vote.
    (AP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, Sweden’s PM Stefan Lofven said his new center-left government will recognize the state of Palestine in a move that will make it the first major European country to take the step.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, In Syria coalition warplanes destroyed one insurgent vehicle and killed 5 fighters during raids in the countryside to the east and south of Kobani. 10 Kurdish fighters were also killed in heavy fighting that carried on long into the night.
    (Reuters, 10/4/14)
2014        Oct 3, A video was posted on YouTube showing Alan Henning (47), a British taxi driver, kneeling before a masked knife man against a desert setting. Henning had been part of an aid convoy taking medical supplies to a hospital in northwest Syria in December last year when it was stopped by gunmen and he was abducted. He was the fourth hostage to have been beheaded by Islamic State (IS).
    (Reuters, 10/4/14)
2014        Oct 3, Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian rebels clashed around the flashpoint city of Donetsk, while trading blame over the death last night of Laurent DuPasqiuer (38), a Swiss aid worker. 12 separatists were killed during the attacks on the Donetsk airport. 2 Ukrainian servicemen were also killed.
    (Reuters, 10/3/14)(Reuters, 10/4/14)
2014        Oct 3, Vietnam welcomed a decision by the US government to ease a 40-year ban on lethal arms sales, saying it will benefit both nations.
    (AP, 10/3/14)(AFP, 10/3/14)
2014        Oct 3, Zambia’s Finance Minister Alexander Chikwanda said it was difficult to resist corruption from Chinese contractors who allocate who gifts to other government officials. Chikwanda said the government has borrowed so much money from the chinese that it would soon become impossible to pay them back.
    (SSFC, 10/5/14, p.A7)

2015        Oct 3, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation intended to reduce racial profiling by police officers.
    (SSFC, 10/4/15, p.A14)
2015        Oct 3, In San Francisco Audrey Carey (23), a Canadian backpacker, was found dead in Golden Gate Park. She had suffered trauma to her body and was fatally shot. On Feb 6, 2017, Morrison Lampley (24) and Lila Alligood (19) pleaded guilty to Carey’s murder and the Oct 5 murder of Steven Carter (67), a hiker in Marin County. Lampley was sentenced to 100 years in prison and Alligood to 50 years.
    (SFC, 10/15/15, p.D2)(SFC, 2/7/17, p.C1)
2015        Oct 3, In Afghanistan a US airstrike hit a hospital run by Medecins Sans Frontieres in the city of Kunduz, killing at least 22 people in what the US military called possible "collateral damage" in the battle to oust Taliban insurgents. On Oct 25 Doctors Without Borders raised the death toll to 30. On Nov 23 Gen. John Campbell called the airstrike a tragic mistake and said several service members have been suspended from duty following an internal investigation. On March 22, 2016, US Army Gen. John Nicholson, the new commander of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan,  apologized to the people of Kunduz for the deadly attack that killed 42 people.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)(AP, 10/4/15)(AFP, 10/2515)(SFC, 11/26/15, p.A6)
2015        Oct 3, In Bangladesh Kunio Hoshi (65), a Japanese citizen born in Bangladesh, was attacked by unidentified assailants in Kownia in Rangpur district. The Islamic State claimed responsibility. Police detained four people in connection with the shooting. On Dec 7 Masud Rana, believed to be a member of Jumatul Mujahedeen Bangladesh, confessed that he fatally shot the Japanese agriculture researcher. On August 8, 2016 a court issued warrants for the arrest of four more suspected members of a banned group, Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB).
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)(AP, 12/8/15)(Reuters, 8/7/16)
2015        Oct 3, Dennis Healey (b.1917), British Labour Party politician, died in East Sussex. He served as Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979 and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983.
2015        Oct 3, In Burundi at least a dozen civilians were killed in clashes between police and anti-government protesters in Bujumbura.
    (AFP, 10/4/15)
2015        Oct 3, In Egypt 2 were shot dead in the bastion of the Islamic State group in the Sinai Peninsula.
    (AFP, 10/4/15)
2015        Oct 3, In Iraq suicide car bomb attacks targeting two mainly Shi'ite Muslim districts of Baghdad killed at least 18 people.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 16 air strikes against Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 10/4/15)
2015        Oct 3, Mali's government said it exchanged 30 separatist rebels last week for the release of 16 soldiers, a move that shows progress after violence in August threatened to disrupt a peace accord.
    (AP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, Ten Palestinians were wounded by Israeli fire in the West Bank during a raid by troops hunting the murderers of a Jewish settler couple. A senior Hamas official called on Palestinians to take up arms to "defend" the Al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem after a rise in Jewish visitors to the flashpoint site.
    (AFP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, Russian jets hit Islamic State targets and other rebel groups in Syria, on a fourth day of air strikes by Moscow in support of President Bashar al-Assad which have dramatically escalated foreign intervention in Syria. Russia said its air strikes have sown "panic", forcing some 600 "militants" to abandon their positions and head to Europe.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)(AFP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, In South Africa hundreds of people demonstrated in Johannesburg in defense of rhinos, elephants and lions against poaching and to demand authorities take more radical action.
    (AFP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, South Sudanese rebels said government troops had attacked their positions over the last three days, casting further doubt on a fragile peace agreement in the world's youngest country. A military official said 52 soldiers and rebels have been killed over the last week in fighting in the contested state of Unity.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)(AP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, Spanish police said eight garges in Madrid were uinder investigation for charging custormers up to $225 to remove diesel particulate filters. The shops allegedly provided custormers with mechanical and software services to to cheat emissions checks.
    (SSFC, 10/4/15, p.A3)
2015        Oct 3, In Ukraine warring sides began withdrawing tanks and smaller weapons from a buffer zone in the war-torn east.
    (AFP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, Citizens of the United Arab Emirates went to polls to fill the elected seats on a government advisory body. Despite a broadening of the franchise some citizens were still denied the vote.
    (AFP, 10/3/15)
2015        Oct 3, The Vatican dismissed a gay priest from his Holy See job on the eve of a major Church meeting for a highly public coming out that challenged the Roman Catholic teaching that homosexual acts are a sin. Monsignor Krzysztof Charamsa, a Polish theologian, had worked at the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith, the Vatican's doctrinal arm, since 2003.
    (Reuters, 10/3/15)

2016        Oct 3, In northern Afghanistan at least 6 people were killed and 35 wounded, when an improvised explosive device tore into a crowded marketplace in Jawzjan province. Taliban fighters pushed into the center of the northern city of Kunduz, taking control of the central intersection where they raised their flag a year ago in their biggest success of the 15-year-old conflict.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, In France armed robbers early today forced their way into a private Paris residence where Kim Kardashian West was staying, tied her up and locked her in a bathroom before making off with more than $10 million worth of jewelry. On Jan 13, 2017, six more suspects were charged in the robbery raising the number of people facing preliminary charges to 10.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(SFC, 1/14/17, p.A2)
2016        Oct 3, Two Haitian fishermen died in rough water churned up by the approaching Category 4 Hurricane Matthew.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(SFC, 10/4/16, p.A3)
2016        Oct 3, Indian and Pakistani troops fired at each other in disputed Kashmir, as Indian troops searched an army camp elsewhere in the region where suspected militants killed an Indian paramilitary soldier.
    (AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, In India Aradhana Samdhariya (13), died due to cardiac arrest, a day after her family held a procession in the southern city of Hyderabad in which she rode in a chariot with her parents to celebrate the end of a 68-day fast. Family members publicly denied forcing the girl to fast during the holy period of Chaumasa, observed by the Jain community from July.
    (Reuters, 10/9/16)
2016        Oct 3, Germany's Siemens signed a contract to upgrade Iran's railway network, one of several deals agreed by German firms during a two-day visit to Tehran by Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, In Iraq suicide bombers attacked two Shi'ite Muslim processions in Baghdad, killing at least 16 people and wounding more than 40. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)(AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, Some 6,055 migrants bound for Europe were rescued in the Mediterranean Sea off North Africa and 22 found dead, one of the highest numbers in a single day according to Italian and Libyan officials.
    (AP, 10/4/16)
2016        Oct 3, Japan's Yoshinori Ohsumi (71) won the 2016 Nobel prize for medicine for ground-breaking experiments with yeast which exposed a key mechanism in the body's defenses where cells degrade and recycle their components.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)(SFC, 10/4/16, p.A4)
2016        Oct 3, Moroccan authorities dismantled a 10-member terror cell comprised entirely of women with alleged ties to IS. The cell planned to carry out attacks on the Oct 7 election day. Seven of the 10 members were underage.
    (AP, 10/7/16)
2016        Oct 3, Russia’s Pres. Vladimir Putin withdrew his country from a plutonium disposal treaty that was signed with the US in 2000.
    (SFC, 10/4/16, p.A2)
2016        Oct 3, In Syria two suicide bombings struck the central city of Hama killing two people and wounding at least 12. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks.
    (AP, 10/3/16)
2016        Oct 3, Turkish military officials said 15 Syrian opposition fighters were killed and about 35 wounded over the last 24 hours in fighting to capture seven residential districts south of the town of al-Rai.
    (AP, 10/3/16)

2017        Oct 3, President Donald Trump flew to Puerto Rico to view the havoc wreaked by Hurricane Maria and meet residents, many of whom are frustrated and resentful that they are still struggling with basic necessities two weeks after the storm.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, The Trump administration told Cuba to withdraw 60 percent of its diplomats from Washington, a direct consequence of last week's US move to cut its own embassy staff in Havana by a similar proportion.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Stephen Paddock's girlfriend, Marilou Danley (62), who was in the Philippines at the time of the Oct 1 Las Vegas shooting, was met by FBI agents at the Los Angeles airport after a weekslong trip abroad. Investigators sought to question her for clues to what drove Paddock to slaughter 59 people from his high-rise hotel suite.
    (AP, 10/4/17)
2017        Oct 3, Rainer Weiss of MIT, Kip Thorne of CalTech and Barry Barish, also of CalTech, won this year's Nobel Physics Prize for their discoveries in gravitational waves.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Fiat Chrysler said it is recalling nearly 710,000 Jeep and Dodge SUVs in North America, effective Nov 7, because an improperly installed brake shield could let water leak in and limit braking ability.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Belgium’s Immigration Minister Theo Francken revoked the residency permit of Abdelhadi Sewif, the imam of the Saudi-financed Grand Mosque, near the EU headquarters in Brussels because he posed a "national security" threat.
    (AFP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Britain’s interior minister Amber Rudd said Britain will limit sales of sulphuric acid and outlaw the sale of such corrosive substances to children after a spate of assaults and its possible use to make bombs.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In London Indian businessman Vijay Mallya (61), who India wants to extradite from Britain on fraud charges, faced further accusations of money-laundering with some funds allegedly going to his Force India Formula One motor racing team.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, London-based DeepMind, the Google sibling focusing on artificial intelligence, announced the launch of an "ethics and society" unit to study the impact of new technologies on society.
    (AP, 10/4/17)
2017        Oct 3, Mu Sochua (63), an outspoken deputy of Cambodia's detained opposition leader fled the country, saying she feared for her safety after Prime Minister Hun Sen threatened further arrests of opposition politicians.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Security officials said Egypt has stepped up a crackdown on people suspected of homosexuality, arresting a total of 27 in a little more than a week.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Egyptian police arrested seven Nubians who were protesting outside a courthouse in Aswan against a judge's decision to extend the detention of relatives and friends who were also detained for protesting. A judge had extended by 15 days the detention of 25 Nubians arrested in September for staging a peaceful protest to demand that they be allowed to return to their ancestral land around the man-made lake behind the Aswan High Dam.
    (AP, 10/4/17)
2017        Oct 3, France's parliament adopted an anti-terrorism bill that will bolster police surveillance powers and make it easier to close mosques suspected of preaching hatred, but rights groups said it would lead to civil freedoms being infringed.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Germany specialists defused a 250-kg (550-pound) bomb successfully in the Tempelhof-Schoeneberg district of Berlin after some 10,000 people were evacuated from their homes. It had been found during construction work near a freight depot and was described by police as a German bomb with a Russian detonator.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region said it is calling presidential and parliamentary elections for Nov. 1, as the Kurdish leadership cements its case for independence. Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey would impose further sanctions on northern Iraq over the vote.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Iraq's parliament voted on "a formula to halt financial transactions" with the Kurdistan region, in retaliation for last week's independence referendum, without specifying if the vote was binding on the government. Kurdish lawmakers did not show up for the session.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)(AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Iraqi security forces pushed to recapture Hawija. The UN said up to 78,000 people could be trapped in the northern Islamic State-held city.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Iraqi Kurdish leader and ex-Iraqi president Jalal Talabani (b.1933) died in Germany, a week after Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region held a referendum on independence.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu pledged to build "thousands" of new homes in a major West Bank settlement east of Jerusalem, insisting it would one day be part of Israel.
    (AFP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Kashmir Indian police killed three suspected militants in army uniforms after they infiltrated a security camp beside the main airport in the disputed region. One Indian security official was killed and three wounded in a gun fight that followed. Islamist group Jaish-e-Mohammad took responsibility for the attack.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Kenya administrators closed the Univ. of Nairobi, citing fears for students' safety in a planned protest over police beatings at a campus demonstration last week.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In the Netherlands a former spokesman for Geert Wilders was convicted of buying cocaine, alcohol and clothes and funding personal travel with money embezzled from the Dutch anti-Islam lawmaker's party. He was sentenced to 14 months in prison.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3,     PM Rami al-Hamdallah chaired the first meeting of the Palestinian cabinet in the Gaza Strip for three years, in a move toward reconciliation between the mainstream Fatah party and Islamist group Hamas.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Qatar Iran's foreign minister held talks with the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani aimed at strengthening "co-operation," nearly four months into a Saudi-led blockade against the Gulf emirate.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Spain thousands of people demonstrated in Barcelona, as labor unions and grassroots pro-independence groups urged workers to hold strikes in protest at what they say was police brutality during a referendum on Catalonia's secession from Spain.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Spain's National Court decided to extradite Pyotr Levashov (37) of Russia, known as one of the world's most notorious hackers, to the United States.
    (AP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Syria a US-led coalition air strike killed at least 18 civilians in the Islamic State group's former stronghold of Raqa. Coalition planes targeted water wells where a group of civilians were gathered.
    (AFP, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, Islamic State released a video that it said showed two Russian soldiers captured by its fighters in the Syrian city of Deir al-Zor, where Russia has been backing the Syrian military against militants.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, In Uganda grenades were thrown overnight at the homes of two legislators opposed to scrapping the presidential age limit and thereby extending President Yoweri Museveni's more than 31 years in power. One of the legislators, Robert Kyagulanyi, was later arrested by police.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)
2017        Oct 3, The Vatican's secretary of state headlined a four-day international conference on protecting children from online sexual abuse and exploitation, weeks after he recalled one of his diplomats who was caught up in a US-Canadian-Vatican investigation into child porn.
    (AP, 10/2/17)

2018        Oct 3, A federal judge in San Francisco blocked Pres. Donald Trump's plans to end temporary protection status for immigrants.
    (SFC, 10/6/1, p.A6)
2018        Oct 3, In the SF Bay Area Chinedu Okobi (36), a black man, was tased by police in Milbrae and soon died of cardiac arrest. Authorities said he had been running through traffic and acting erratically. A video showed he was walking on the sidewalk before being confronted by police. His family later alleged excessive police force.
    (SFC, 11/20/18, p.A1)(SFC, 1/24/19, p.C1)
2018        Oct 3, US security firm FireEye raised the alarm over a North Korean group that it says has stolen hundreds of millions of dollars by infiltrating the computer systems of banks around the world since 2014 through highly sophisticated and destructive attacks that have spanned at least 11 countries.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Two Americans and a Briton won the 2018 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for harnessing the power of evolution to generate novel proteins used in everything from environmentally friendly detergents to cancer drugs. Frances Arnold of the California Institute of Technology, George Smith from the University of Missouri and Gregory Winter of Britain's MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology were awarded the prize for pioneering science in enzymes and antibodies.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, New Jersey's Supreme Court dismissed more than 500 lawsuits against Hoffman-LaRoche, maker of the acne drug Acutane, saying warning labels that the drug is associated with inflammatory bowel disease, were adequate.
    (SFC, 10/4/18, p.A5)
2018        Oct 3, In South Carolina Frederick Hopkins (74), a Vietnam veteran, shot at seven law officers killing one as police arrived to speak to his adopted son (27) about a sex assault investigation at his home in Florence. Police Sgt. Terrence Carraway (52) died trying to save other wounded officers. Hopkins was taken into custody after a two hour standoff.
    (SFC, 10/5/18, p.A8)(SFC, 10/6/18, p.A6)(SFC, 10/9/18, p.A4)
2018        Oct 3, Upwork (UPWK), a global marketing place for freelance work, made its Wall Street debut. Its IPO was offered at $15 and closed at $21.18.
    (SFC, 10/4/18, p.D1)
2018        Oct 3, It was reported that General Motors will partner with Honda in the "large-scale" development of autonomous vehicles.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, British sandwich shop chain Pret a Manger said it would list all ingredients, including allergens, on its products after Natasha Ednan-Laperouse (15) died in 2016 from an allergic reaction to sesame seeds.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Aston Martin stalled after making a glitzy £4.3-billion ($5.6-billion, 4.9-billion-euro) IPO debut on the London stock market.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Britain's biggest coffee house chain, Costa Coffee, was banned from repeating an advert that implied their breakfast deals were a better bet than eating an avocado.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, In northern Burkina Faso a gendarme was killed and another injured, where three people, including an Indian and a South African national, had been kidnapped at the end of last month.
    (AFP, 10/4/18)
2018        Oct 3, China's official Xinhua News Agency reported that tax authorities have ordered "X-Men" star Fan Bingbing and companies she represents to pay taxes and penalties totaling $130 million, ending speculation over the fate of one of the country's highest-profile entertainers three months after she disappeared from public view.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Costa Rican police arrested former Romanian Tourism Minister Elena Udrea and former chief prosecutor Alina Bica who had fled there before they could be sentenced for crimes committed while in office.
    (AP, 10/4/18)
2018        Oct 3, Egypt's Interior Ministry said that police have killed 15 suspected militants in a shootout in the city of el-Arish, northern Sinai Peninsula, where they are battling an Islamic State-led insurgency.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Finland's parliament voted to add new exceptions to a clause in the constitution that guarantees the right to privacy, to enable swift approval of an intelligence bill aimed at combating terrorism and spying by foreign governments.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, France's PM Edouard Philippe assumed responsibility for the country's domestic security after Interior Minister Gerard Collomb resigned in an apparent act of defiance toward President Emmanuel Macron.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, French police caught one of France's most wanted men in a pre-dawn raid, finding the gangster holed up in his hometown north of Paris. Fugitive Redoine Faid (46) was arrested in Creil three months after his spectacular helicopter escape.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, A Guinea-Bissau coast guard commander said around 60 migrants are missing and believed drowned after their boat was seen sinking off the country's coast.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, India raised state-mandated prices for winter crops such as wheat and rapeseed, as PM Narendra Modi tried to defuse discontent among farmers ahead of elections in 2019.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Indian police bussed seven Rohingya Muslims to the border to be deported to neighboring Myanmar for illegal entry. An estimated 40,000 Rohingya live in India after having fled violence and persecution in Buddhist-majority Myanmar's Rakhine state over the years.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, In Indonesia Mount Soputan on Sulawesi island spewed a massive column of ash more than 6,000 meters (19,700 feet) into the sky. The official death toll from the Sept. 28 earthquake and tsunami on Sulawesi increased to 1,407, with thousands injured and more than 70,000 displaced from their homes.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, The Japan Space Exploration Agency said the Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT), a German-French observation device, was released from the unmanned spacecraft Hayabusa2 and successfully landed on the asteroid Ryugu.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Malaysia's anti-graft agency said that Rosmah Mansor, the wife of former PM Najib Razak, has been arrested and will face money laundering charges in a graft scandal involving the 1MDB state investment fund.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, The Maldives Elections Commission restored 12 lawmakers who were earlier deemed to have lost their seats. The restoration of the lawmakers in line with a Supreme Court order is a sign that president-elect Ibrahim Mohamed Solih is consolidating his victory over outgoing strongman Yameen Abdul Gayoom.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Niger kicked out an employee of the medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF), accused of exaggerating the death toll from a malaria epidemic in the south of the West African country. A video by Anne Pittet, an MSF pediatrist, said 10 children were dying each day in the southern town of Magaria from malaria or malnutrition.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Romania's PM Viorica Dancila accused prosecutors in her country of falsifying evidence, pressurizing witnesses and modifying testimony.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Saak Karapetyan (58), a Russian prosecutor, died in a helicopter crash. It was later alleged that he played a role in a 2009 fraud case involving $230 million and the death of Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky.
    (, 1/23/21, p.59)
2018        Oct 3, South Africa's Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene told a judicial corruption inquiry that he was fired by former president Jacob Zuma for refusing to approve a $100 billion nuclear power deal with Russia in 2015. Nene also said his decision to reject a new route for the state airline to Sudan contributed to his sacking in 2015.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Spain's Supreme Court confirmed that former International Monetary Fund chief Rodrigo Rato will have to serve a four-and-a-half year jail sentence for misusing company credit cards when he worked at state-owned lender Bankia. Rato chaired Bankia for two years until just before its state bailout in 2012.
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, President Bashar Assad told a little-known Kuwaiti newspaper that Syria has reached a "major understanding" with Arab states after years of hostility over the country's civil war.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Eight Turkish soldiers were killed and two were wounded after a roadside bomb in the southeastern province of Batman was detonated by outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militants.
    (AP, 10/4/18)(Reuters, 10/6/18)
2018        Oct 3, The UN's top court (ICJ) ordered the United States to lift sanctions on humanitarian goods for Iran in a stunning rebuke to US President Donald Trump.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)(SFC, 10/4/18, p.A2)
2018        Oct 3, Pope Francis opened a gathering of bishops with the Catholic Church in a swirling state of crisis over sex abuse, urging its leaders not to let the next generation's faith be snuffed out "by our own shortcomings, mistakes and sins".
    (Reuters, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Vietnam Communist Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong was nominated as the only candidate for president, effectively ordaining him as the most powerful person in the country.
    (AFP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, Yemen's Shiite rebels released Salah and Madian Saleh, the two sons of late former president Ali Abdullah Saleh. The UN children's agency suspended cash transfers to 9 million of Yemen's most impoverished citizens under pressure from Yemen's Houthi rebels. UNICEF said the decision came after it was unable to set up a call center to get feedback from beneficiaries.
    (AP, 10/3/18)

2019        Oct 3, President Donald Trump again invited foreign interference in a US presidential election, calling on Ukraine and China to investigate Democratic political rival Joe Biden - similar to a request that has already triggered an impeachment inquiry in Congress.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, It was reported that survivors and family of 58 people who were slain in Las Vegas on Oct. 1, 2017, in the deadliest mass shooting in modern US history, have reached a settlement of at least $735 million with MGM Resorts.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In New Jersey Frank Gilliam Jr. (49), the mayor of Atlantic City, pleaded guilty to wire fraud, admitting he defrauded a youth basketball club he had founded out of $87,000.
    (AP, 10/3/19)   
2019        Oct 3, In Oklahoma Naif Abdulaziz Alfallaj (35) of Saudi Arabia was sentenced to more than 12 years in federal prison after pleading guilty to not disclosing he had attended an al-Qaida terrorist training camp in Afghanistan before entering the US. He has lived in Oklahoma since 2012.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In South Carolina a federal jury sentenced Brandon Council to death for killing two employees during a 2017 bank robbery. The same jurors found Council guilty last month of armed bank robbery resulting in death, among other charges for killing the manager and a teller at CresCom Bank in Conway in August 2017.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In Washington state a man (80) opened fire the the lobby of a building for senior residents in Vancouver, killing a man and wounding two women before surrendering to police.
    (SFC, 10/5/19, p.A6)
2019        Oct 3, US scientists said more than 45 million people across 14 Southern states are now in the midst of what’s being called a “flash drought" that’s cracking farm soil, drying up ponds and raising the risk of wildfires. The weekly US Drought Monitor report showed extreme drought conditions in parts of Texas, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina and the Florida panhandle.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Paleontologists said fossils of the pterosaur, named Ferrodraco lentoni, were unearthed in the Australian state of Queensland. The creature, which lived about 96 million years ago during the Cretaceous Period, boasted a 13-foot (4-meter) wingspan, a bony crest at the tip of its upper and lower jaws and spike-shaped teeth perfect for a diet of fish.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Egypt’s government announced a decrease in fuel prices for the first time in decades, a cut that comes after a series of hikes in recent years amid an ambitious program aimed at overhauling the country’s ailing economy.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In France an IT assistant (45) at the police headquarters in central Paris went on a knife rampage inside the building, killing three police officers and an administrative worker before he was shot dead by an officer. The man had converted to Islam 18 months earlier.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)(SFC, 10/5/19, p.A2)
2019        Oct 3, Chancellor Angela Merkel made a veiled attack on the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party on the 29th anniversary of German reunification, saying economic grievances in the east were no excuse for racism.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Iraqi security forces imposed a round-the-clock curfew in Baghdad and fired live rounds and tear gas to disperse anti-government protests that have gripped the country since earlier this week, killing 21 people so far. Internet coverage across the country was temporarily switched off by the government.   
    (AP, 10/3/19)(ABC News, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Israel swore in its newly elected parliament for what could be a very short term after the country’s second inconclusive election of the year left it with no new government on the horizon.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Arab citizens of Israel observed a general strike and held protests over a wave of deadly violence within the minority community.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Italy lifted a block on 2019 spending that was agreed by the previous government with the European Commission, in a surprise move that will result in a higher deficit this year but which means the budget gap will not widen in 2020.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In Kazakhstan American Nick Hague, Russian Alexey Ovchinin and Hazzaa al-Mansoori, the first person from the United Arab Emirates to fly into space, landed safely after a six-hour flight from the International Space Station following an 8-day mission.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In Libya surveillance cameras caught armed men shooting to death a young man in one of the busiest streets in Tripoli, sparking anger and demands the government declare a state of emergency. The killing of Rashid al-Bakoush and the wounding of his brother in Tripoli's Serraj district went viral on social media.
    (AP, 10/4/19)
2019        Oct 3, Mauritius launched the first phase of a $525 million light rail system, hoping to cut traffic jams with the Indian Ocean island's biggest infrastructure project.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, North Korea confirmed it has carried out its first underwater-launched ballistic missile test in three years, in an apparent bid to dial up pressure on the United States ahead of a weekend resumption of their nuclear diplomacy.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In northern Nigeria gunmen kidnapped six schoolgirls and two staff members from a boarding school near the village of Kakau Daji in Kaduna state.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, A Pakistani health official said about 20,000 cases of dengue fever have been confirmed in recent months along with 34 deaths from the disease.
    (SFC, 10/4/19, p.A2)
2019        Oct 3, Diogo Freitas do Amaral (78), Portuguese conservative politician, died. He played a leading role in cementing democracy after Portugal’s 1974 Carnation Revolution and later became president of the UN General Assembly (1995-1996).
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, President Vladimir Putin said that Russia was helping China build an early warning system to spot intercontinental ballistic missile launches, something only Russia and the United States possess at the moment.
    (Reuters, 10/4/19)
2019        Oct 3, Russian defence lawyers said Alexander Gabyshev, a Siberian shaman who set off to walk across Russia to drive out President Vladimir Putin, whom he called a demon, has been found mentally unfit to stand trial.
    (AFP, 10/4/19)
2019        Oct 3, The Scottish government said that the imposition of US tariffs on various goods including Scottish whisky indicated that the United Kingdom could not offset the damage from Brexit by striking a trade deal with US President Donald Trump.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, A UN report said deteriorating security across Afghanistan in the past four years led to over 14,000 “grave violations" against children, including nearly 3,500 youngsters killed and over 9,000 injured.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, Pope Francis named Giuseppe Pignatone, one of Italy’s leading anti-Mafia prosecutors, as president of the Vatican’s criminal tribunal, just days after a new scandal erupted over alleged financial wrongdoing in the heart of the Holy See.
    (AP, 10/3/19)
2019        Oct 3, In Yemen dozens of separatists took to the streets of the southern town of Azzan in Shabwa province to denounce President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi. One protester was killed and five were wounded when forces loyal to the country’s internationally recognized government opened fire to disperse the rally.
    (AP, 10/3/19)

2020        Oct 3, US Senator Mitch McConnell, the majority leader, said that the Senate would not meet as planned next week after three senators tested positive for the coronavirus, even as he pledged to press ahead to confirm Judge Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court.
    (NY Times, 10/3/20
2020         Oct 3, California to date had 826,725 cases of coronavirus and 16,073 deaths. The SF Bay Area had 104,905 cases and 1,554 deaths. Total cases nationwide reached over 7,351,767 with the death toll at 208,940.   
    (, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3 Thomas Jefferson Byrd (70), a Tony-nominated actor known for roles in various Spike Lee films, was found shot to death in Atlanta. On Oct. 16 suspect Antonio Demetrice Rhynes was arrested in an early-morning raid.
    (NY Times, 10/5/20)(NBC News, 10/16/20)
2020        Oct 3, In Augusta, Georgia, Felycya Harris (33) was shot and killed in Meadowbrook Park. She became at least the 31st transgender or gender-nonconforming person to die by violence in the US this year.
    (NBC News, 10/7/20)
2020        Oct 3, Baseball pitcher Pack Robert Gibson (84), St. Louis Cardinals’ Hall of Fame right-hander known as Bob, died in Omaha.
    (NY Times, 10/5/20)
2020        Oct 3, A federal judge halted new North Carolina absentee voting rules that gave voters more leeway to fix witness problems and extended the period when election boards could accept mailed-in ballots.
    (SSFC, 10/4/20, p.A8)
2020        Oct 3, In Texas Jonathan Price (31) was fatally shot when he intervened to break up a domestic violence situation. Wolfe City Police officer Shaun David Lucas was later arrested and charged with murder.
    (NBC News, 10/6/20)
2020        Oct 3, Heavy fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan continued in their conflict over the separatist territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev criticized the international mediators who have tried for decades to resolve the dispute.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, China had 16 new coronavirus cases in the mainland, compared with 10 cases a day earlier. China's death toll from the COVID-19 remained at 4,634.
    (Reuters, 10/4/20)
2020        Oct 3, Egypt’s tourism and antiquities minster said archaeologists have unearthed at least ancient coffins in a vast necropolis south of Cairo. Initial studies showed that the decorated coffins were made for priests, top officials and elites from the Pharaonic Late Period (664-525 BC).
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, Egyptian authorities detained local journalist Basma Mostafa after she traveled to the southern city of Luxor to cover the alleged killing of a man during a police raid last week. Mostafa was freed on Oct 6, a day after prosecutors ordered her release pending an investigation into accusations that she disseminated false news through social media.
    (AP, 10/4/20)(AP, 10/7/20)
2020        Oct 3, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, the Oromo, celebrated the annual Thanksgiving festival of Irreecha amid tight security and a significantly smaller crowd due to political tensions and the COVID-19 pandemic. Hundreds of people were arrested ahead of the festival, some accused by authorities of plotting terror attacks and a new wave of unrest.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, Flooding from record rains in the mountainous region that spans France and Italy killed two people in Italy and left at least 24 people in the two countries missing.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, Thousands of demonstrators in southern Germany protested against coronavirus restrictions, although organizers failed to mobilize enough people for a planned human chain around Lake Constance.
    (Reuters, 10/4/20)
2020        Oct 3, Hundreds of US-bound Honduran migrants, who had entered Guatemala this week without registering, were bused back to their country's border by authorities who met them with a large roadblock.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, India's coronavirus death toll passed 100,000, only the third country in the world to reach that milestone, after the US and Brazil, and its epidemic shows no sign of abating.
    (Reuters, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, Tens of thousands of Israelis demonstrated in hundreds of locations across Israel against PM Benjamin Netanyahu, pressing ahead with their campaign against the Israeli leader late today after the government banned large, centralized demonstrations as part of a new coronavirus lockdown.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, The Philippines' health ministry reported 2,674 new coronavirus infections, the highest daily increase in five days, and 62 additional deaths. Total confirmed cases increased to 319,330, the highest in Southeast Asia, while deaths have reached 5,678.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, Russia reported 9,859 new coronavirus cases, the highest number of daily infections since May 15, when the outbreak was at its peak.
    (Reuters, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, Sudan’s transitional authorities and a rebel alliance signed a peace deal initialed in August that aims to put an end to the country's decades-long civil wars, in a televised ceremony marking the agreement.
    (AP, 10/3/20)
2020        Oct 3, The head of Thailand's state zoological agency was shot dead amid an investigation into the disappearance of rare animals from a zoo in Khao Rup Chang. The suspect, one of four officials being investigated, fled the scene and later killed himself.
    (SSFC, 10/4/20, p.A6)
2020        Oct 3, Yemeni officials and tribal leaders said fighting between government forces and Houthi rebels has killed at least two dozen people in the past three days in Marib province and the key port city of Hodeida.
    (AP, 10/3/20)

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