Return to home 365 Jul 21,
An earthquake, whose epicenter was in Crete, leveled the Egyptian
Port of Alexandria as well as the Roman outpost of Leptis Magna in
Libya. Some 50,000 people died. The ancient Egyptian city, known as
Leukaspis or Antiphrae, was hidden for centuries after it was nearly
wiped out by the tsunami. When Chinese engineers began cutting into
the sandy coast to build the roads for a new resort in 1986, they
struck the ancient tombs and houses of the town founded in the
second century B.C.
(www.earthscape.org/r2/jos/vol1-1june1997/pg55.html)(AM, Mar/Apr 97
1160 Jul 21, Peterus Lombardus,
Italian theologian, bishop of Paris, died.
1403 Jul 21, Henry IV defeated
the Percys in the Battle of Shrewsbury in England. Henry IV fought
down an insurrection from Henry Percy, the Earl of Northumberland
and Ralph Neville, the Earl of Westmorland, the same men who had
helped him overthrow Richard II. Henry Percy (39), [Harry Hotspur]
was killed in the battle.
(WUD, 1994, p.1671)(MWH, 1994)(HN, 7/21/98)
1425 Jul 21, Manuel
Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (1391-1425), writer, died. He ended
his days after signing a humiliating peace with the Ottoman Turks.
1515 Jul 21, St. Philippus
Nerius, [Philippo Neri], Italian merchant, priest, was born.
1542 Jul 21, Pope Paul III
launched the Inquisition against Protestants (Sanctum Officium).
Alleged heretics were tried and tortured in an effort to stem the
spread of the Reformation.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.16)(MC, 7/21/02)
1620 Jul 21, Jean Picard,
French astronomer, was born.
1664 Jul 21, Matthew Prior,
English poet, was born.
1667 Jul 21, The Peace of Breda
ended the Second Anglo-Dutch War and ceded Dutch New Amsterdam to
the English. The South American country of Surinam, formerly Dutch
Guiana, including the nutmeg island of Run was ceded by England to
the Dutch in exchange for New York in 1667 after the second
(WUD, 1994, p.961)(HN, 7/21/98)(HNQ,
8/21/98)(WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W7)
1669 Jul 21, John Locke's
Constitution of English colony Carolina was approved.
1676 Jul 21, Anthony Collins,
English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking), was born.
1683 Jul 21, Lord William
Russell, English plotter against Charles II, was beheaded.
1711 Jul 21, Russia and Turkey
signed the Treaty of Pruth, ending the year-long Russo-Turkish War.
1718 Jul 21, The Turkish threat
to Europe was eliminated with the signing of the Treaty of
Passarowitz between Austria, Venice and the Ottoman Empire.
1730 Jul 21, States of Holland
put a death penalty on "sodomy."
1773 Jul 21, Pope Clement XIV
abolished the Jesuit order. He disbanded, defrocked, and stripped
them of their sustenance. They were ignored by other orders and
denounced as schemers and plotters. The Jesuits finally regained
respectability in 1814after flourishing underground.
(HN, 7/21/98)(MC, 7/21/02)
1796 Jul 21, Robert Burns
(b.1759), Scottish poet and a lyricist (Auld Lang Syne), died. In
2009 Robert Crawford authored “The Bard: Robert Burns."
1/25/09, Books p.3)
1798 Jul 21, Napoleon Bonaparte
defeated the Arab Mameluke warriors at the Battle of the Pyramids,
becoming the master of Egypt.
1804 Jul 21, Victor Schoelcher,
abolished French slavery, was born in Guadeloupe.
1816 Jul 21, Paul Julius Baron
von Reuter (d.1899), founder of the British news agency bearing his
name, was born in Hesse, Germany, as Israel Beer Josaphat.
1831 Jul 21, Belgium became
independent as Leopold I was proclaimed King of the Belgians.
1846 Jul 21, Mormons founded
the 1st English settlement in the San Joaquin Valley of Calif.
1861 Jul 21, In the first major
battle of the Civil War, Confederate forces repelled an attempt by
the Union Army to turn their flank in Virginia. The battle became
known by the Confederates as Manassas, while the Union called it
Bull Run. The 33rd Virginia Infantry held Henry House Hill at the
first Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, resulting in a
Confederate victory. This was the spot from which Jackson took on
the title of "Stonewall" and his brigade the "Stonewall Brigade."
Union forces had 3,000 men killed, wounded, or missing in action
while the Confederates suffered 2,000 casualties. Bernard Bee
coined the nickname associated with Confederate General Thomas J.
"Stonewall" Jackson. At the Battle of First Manassas, it is General
Bee who supposedly rallied his troops by calling out, "Look! There
is Jackson standing like a stone wall. Rally to the Virginians!"
Though there is some controversy about exactly what was said, when
Bee said it, and what exactly he meant by it, the words helped
create a legend. Bee couldn‘t explain further; he was mortally
wounded during the battle and died the next day. Brig. Gen. Irvin
McDowell was in command of the Union forces at the First Battle of
Bull Run (First Manassas).
(HT, 3/97, p.48)(AP, 7/21/97)(HN, 7/21/99)(HN,
1/18/00)(HNQ, 7/30/01)(MC, 7/21/02)
1865 Jul 21, Wild Bill Hickok
killed gunman Dave Tutt in Springfield, Illinois, in the first
formal quick-draw duel.
1866 Jul 21, A cholera-epidemic
killed hundreds in London.
1873 Jul 21, At Adair, Iowa,
more than seven years after the Liberty holdup, the James-Younger
gang made their first train robbery. See 1866 for the 1st US train
(OGA, 11/24/98)(HN, 7/18/00)
1877 Jul 21, In West Virginia
26 railroad strikers were killed and the Union Depot and machine
shops were burned down.
1877 Jul 21-27, The US army
broke a railroad strike.
1881 Jul 21, Frederick Dick,
physician, was born.
1896 Jul 21, Mary Church
Terrell founded the National Association of Colored Women in
1897 Jul 21, The Tate Gallery
opened in England.
1898 Jul 21, Spain ceded Guam
1899 Jul 21, Poet Hart Crane
was born in Garrettsville, Ohio.
1899 Jul 21, Ernest Hemingway
(d.1961), American novelist and short-story writer, was born in Oak
Park, Ill. "Never confuse motion with action."
(AP, 7/21/97)(HN, 7/21/98)(AP, 11/21/98)
1877 Jul 21-1877 Jul 22, Pres.
Rutherford Hayes sent federal troops and Marines to Baltimore to
restore order against striking railroad workers. President Hayes
then sent federal troops from city to city. They suppressed strike
after strike until the strike ended in September, approximately 45
days after it had started.
1903 Jul 21, Dr. Horatio Nelson
Jackson arrived in Cleveland with his mechanic Sewell Croker
escorted by a fleet of new Winton automobiles. They were enroute to
NYC from San Francisco in a $2,500 Winton touring car.
(ON, 9/04, p.10)
1904 Jul 21, After 13 years,
the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway was completed.
1911 Jul 21, Marshall McLuhan
(d.1980), English professor and communication theorist, author of
"The Medium is the Message," was born. He wrote the book:
"Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man."
1918 Jul 21, The residents and
coastguardsmen of Orleans, Massachusetts, were amazed to see the
German U-boat, U-156, firing at an American tug and four barges just
1919 Jul 21, A dirigible
crashed through a bank skylight killing 13 in Chicago.
1919 Jul 21, The British House
of Lords ratified the Versailles Treaty.
1919 Jul 21, Anthony Fokker
established an airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam.
1920 Jul 21, Isaac Stern,
violinist, was born in Kreminiecz, Russia.
1921 Jul 21, Billy Taylor, jazz
pianist, was born.
1921 Jul 21, Gen. Billy
Mitchell flew off with a payload of makeshift aerial bombs and sank
the former German battle ship Ostfriesland off Hampton Roads,
Virginia; the 1st time a battleship was ever sunk by an airplane.
1922 Jul 21, Djemal Pasha,
dictator of Turkey, was murdered.
1924 Jul 21, Don Knotts
(d.2006), later film and TV star (The Andy Griffith Show, Matlock,
Three’s Company), was born in Morgantown, West Virginia.
(SSFC, 2/26/06, p.B7)
1925 Jul 21, The so-called
"Monkey Trial" ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes convicted
of violating state law for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
Scopes was found guilty and was fined $100. The conviction was later
overturned on a technicality.
(HN, 7/21/99)(AP, 7/21/08)
1926 Jul 21, Norman Jewison,
director (Moonstruck, ...and Justice For All), was born.
1928 Jul 21, Dame Ellen Terry
(b.1847), British actress, died in England. In 2009 Michael Holroyd
authored “A Strange Eventful History: The Dramatic Lives of Ellen
Terry, Henry Irving and Their Remarkable Families." Her relationship
with actor Henry Irving (d.1905) lasted over 2 decades.
(Econ, 8/30/08, p.79)(WSJ, 3/6/09,
1930 Jul 21, President Herbert
Hoover signed an executive order establishing the Veterans
1933 Jul 21, John Gardner
(d.1982), poet and novelist (Grendel, October Light), was born.
1933 Jul 21, The DJIA dropped
1933 Jul 21, Haifa Harbor in
1938 Jul 21, Les Aspin,
(Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93), Minister of Defense (1993-94), was born.
1938 Jul 21, Janet Reno, US
attorney general (1993-2001), was born.
1938 Jul 21, Paul Hindemith
& Leonide Massines ballet premiered in London.
1938 Jul 21, Owen Wister
(b.1860), novelist, died at his summer home in Rhode Island.
His 1902 novel "The Virginian" inspired 5 films. He had earlier
begun a novel set in his native Philadelphia but stopped work on it
when his wife died during childbirth on Aug 24, 1913.
(HN, 7/14/01)(SFC, 1/9/02, p.D8)(AH, 10/02, p.20)
1939 Jul 21, Ambroise Vollard
(b.1866), French art patron, author and publisher, died in a car
crash. He wrote biographies on Cézanne, Degas, and Renoir. Many of
his works, including pantings by Derain, Renoir, Cezanne, Picasso
and Matisse, ended up in the hands of Erich Slomovic, a young
Croatian Jew who had come to Paris in the mid-1930s and befriended
the aging dealer. Slomovic was killed by the nazis in 1942. The art
remained locked up in a Paris bank vault until it was found in 1979.
In 2010 it was put up for auction.
1940 Jul 21, The new
USSR-organized parliaments of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania held
simultaneous sessions. They declared their countries to be soviet
socialist republics and applied for admission to the USSR.
1941 Jul 21, France accepted
Japan's demand for military control of Indochina.
1941 Jul 21, Himmler ordered
the building of the Majdanek concentration camp. The camp was built
in eastern Poland as a principal site to exterminate Jews. It
contained 7 gas chambers.
(SFC, 3/5/98, p.A14)(MC, 7/21/02)
1941 Jul 21, 200 Jewish Torahs
were burned in Ukraine.
1943 Jul 21, Tess Gallagher,
American writer, was born.
1943 Jul 21, Edward Herrmann,
actor (Day of the Dolphin, Reds), was born in Wash., DC.
1944 Jul 21, Paul Wellstone,
(Sen-D-Minnesota), was born.
1944 Jul 21, The Democratic
National Convention in Chicago nominated Sen. Harry S. Truman to be
vice president. He replaced Henry Wallace. In Room 708 of the
Blackstone Hotel in Chicago Roosevelt told Truman at the convention
that he wanted him on the ticket
(WSJ, 8/26/96, p.A12)(AP, 7/20/97)(WSJ, 4/27/98,
1944 Jul 21, US Army and Marine
forces landed on Guam in the Marianas during WW II.
(AP, 7/21/97)(HN, 7/21/98)
1944 Jul 21, Von Kluge warned
Hitler of the impending collapse of front in Normandy.
1944 Jul 21, Henning von
Tresckow, Gen-Maj, "July 20th plotter", committed suicide.
1944 Jul 21, Jerzy Bielecki
(23), a German-speaking Catholic Pole arrested as a resistance
fighter, walked in broad daylight down a pathway at Auschwitz,
wearing a stolen SS uniform with his Jewish sweetheart Cyla Cybulska
(1922-2002) by his side. Both managed to escape. They became
separated in 1945 and did not meet again until 1983.
1947 Jul 21, Cat Stevens, rock
vocalist (Peace Train, Father & Son), was born as Steven Demetre
Georgiou. The British singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist,
educator, philanthropist, converted to Islam in Dec 1977. In 1978 he
adopted the name of Yusuf Islam.
1947 Jul 21, Life Magazine
featured the photo of a drunk on a motorcycle from the Jul 4
gathering in Hollister, Ca. The photo was later revealed to have
been set up for effect.
(SFEC, 6/29/97, p.A12)
1948 Jul 21, Garry Trudeau,
political cartoonist (Doonesbury), was born.
1948 Jul 21, Arshile Gorky
(b.1904/5), artist, (born as Vostanig Adoian of Armenian parents in
Eastern Turkey) died of suicide. He came to the US in 1920 and
assumed a new name in admiration of Russian writer Maxim Gorky. His
works included "Gray Drawing for Pastoral" (1946). His last
paintings were described as "imaginary erotic cosmologies." In 1999
Matthew Spender published the biography "From a High Place: A Life
of Arshile Gorky."
1949 Jul 21, The US Senate
ratified the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO) 82-13.
(EWH, 1968, p.1207)(AP, 7/21/97)
1951 Jul 21, Dalai Lama
returned to Tibet.
1952 Jul 21, Robin Williams,
American comedian and actor, was born in Chicago, Ill.
1954 Jul 21, France surrendered
North Vietnam to the Communists at Geneva. The French signed an
armistice, the Geneva Accords, with the Viet Minh that ended the war
but divided Vietnam into two countries. This led to almost a million
anti-Communists in the north to flee to the south.
(AP, 7/21/97)(HN, 7/21/98)(OGA, 11/24/98)(SFEC,
1955 Jul 21, During the Geneva
summit, President Eisenhower presented his "open skies" proposal
under which the United States and the Soviet Union would trade
information on each other's military facilities and allow aerial
1955 Jul 21, First sub powered
by liquid metal cooled reactor launched - Seawolf.
1959 Jul 21, The 1st atomic
powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, was christened at Camden, NJ. In
1995 it was docked as part of the Navy’s James River Reserve Fleet
at Fort Eustis, Va. Soviets launched the world’s 1st operational
nuclear surface ship in 1958. The NS Savannah served until 1971.
(OGA, Internet, 11/24/98)(SFC, 3/12/05, p.B5)(AH,
1960 Jul 21, Francis Chichester
arrived in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting a record of 40 days for
a solo Atlantic crossing.
1960 Jul 21, Sirimavo
Bandaranaike became the first woman prime minister of Ceylon. In Sri
Lanka, an island country in the Indian Ocean formerly known as
Ceylon she served as prime minister twice, 1960-65 and 1970-77.
Under her leadership a republican constitution was adopted in 1972
and the name of Ceylon changed to Sri Lanka.
(HNQ, 5/23/98)(HN, 7/21/98)
1960 Jul 21, Germany passed the
Volkswagen law legislation privatizing Volkswagen. It capped a
shareholder's voting rights at 20%, regardless of the number of
shares held, and required a majority of 80% for "important
decisions." It also gave Lower Saxony, the state in which Volkswagen
is based, a controlling minority stake in the automaker. In 2007 the
European Court ruled that the VW law had to go.
1961 Jul 21, Capt. Virgil "Gus"
Grissom became the second American to rocket into a suborbital
pattern around the Earth, flying on the Mercury 4 Liberty Bell 7.
The Mercury capsule sank in the Atlantic, 302 miles from Cape
Canaveral and Grissom was rescued by helicopter. The space capsule
was recovered in 1999.
(AP, 7/21/97)(OGA, 11/24/98)(SFC, 4/17/99,
p.A6)(WSJ, 7/21/99, p.A1)
1962 Jul 21, 160 civil right
activists were jailed after demonstration in Albany, Ga.
1962 Jul 21, George Macaulay
Trevelyan (b.1876), British historian, died in Cambridge. Many of
his writings promoted the Whig Party, an important aspect of British
politics from the 17th century to the mid-19th century, and its
successor, the Liberal Party.
1966 Jul 21, Gemini X returned
1967 Jul 21, Basil Rathbone
(75), actor (Sherlock Holmes), died of heart attack.
1967 Jul 21, In South Africa
ANC president Albert Lutuli (Luthuli) (b.~1898) died after being hit
by a train in what was widely thought to have been an assassination
operation. The anti-apartheid icon received the 1960 Nobel prize for
his role in the struggle against whites-only rule, becoming the
first African to win a Nobel Prize.
1969 Jul 21, Apollo 11
astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin blasted off from
the moon aboard the lunar module.
1969 Jul 21, Riots in York,
Pa., left 2 people dead, Lillie Belle Allen (27) along with rookie
officer Henry Schaad (22). Schaad was mortally wounded 3 days before
Allen was killed. Over 60 people were arrested as one city block
burned. In 2001 Arthur (47) and Robert Messersmith (52) were
arrested for the slaying of Allen. In 2001 Rick Lynn Knouse (48) and
Gregory Henry Neff (53), former members of the Girarders white
street gang, were also charged in the murders. In 2001 York Mayor
Charles Robertson was arrested on homicide charges for allegedly
handing out ammunition to white gang members and exhorting them to
"Kill as many niggers as you can." In 2001 Thomas P. Smith was
accused in the ambush shooting of Allen. In 2001 Stephen Freeland
(49) and Leon Wright (53) were charged in the murder of officer
Schaad. Robertson was acquitted in 2002. Messersmith and Neff were
found guilty of 2nd degree murder. 6 white men were sentenced up to
3 years in prison. Wright's brother Michael implicated himself in
2003 and was charged for the murder of Schaad. In 2005 York city
officials announced a $2 million settlement with the children and
sisters of Lillie Belle Allen.
(SFC, 4/28/01, p.A5)(SFC, 5/10/01, p.A7)(SFC,
5/17/01, p.A2)(SFC, 5/22/01, p.A5)(YD, 5/24/01)(YD, 6/25/00)(SFC,
10/31/01, p.C2)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A7)(SFC, 11/14/02, p.A8)(BS,
6/26/03, 5A)(SFC, 12/7/05, p.A3)
1970 Jul 21, The Aswan Dam
opened in Egypt. Over the years the giant dam caused the disruption
of the Nile's flow and destroyed vital mineral deposits. Fishing
industries have been linked to the spread of disease. Formal opening
ceremonies were held Jan 15, 1971.
1970 Jul 21, Libya ordered the
confiscation of all Jewish property.
1972 Jul 21, A total of 22
IRA-bombs exploded in Belfast killing 9 people including two
soldiers. 130 civilians were injured in what came to be called
1973 Jul 21, "Bad, Bad Leroy
Brown" reached the top spot on the "Billboard" pop-singles chart,
becoming Jim Croce’s first big hit. He died in a plane crash on
1973 Jul 21, Israeli
intelligence mistakenly assassinated Ahmed Bouchiki, a Moroccan
living in Lillehammer, Norway, as part of its retribution for the
Sep 5, 1972, terrorist attack in Munich. He was mistaken for Ali
Hassan Salameh (d.1979). Mossad agent Michael Harari (1927-2014)
escaped from Norway, but six Israeli agents were arrested. Five were
later convicted and sentenced one to five years in prison. Norway
later pardoned three of the agents.
1973 Jul 21, The Russian Mars 4
Orbiter braking engine malfunctioned and it failed to go into orbit
1976 Jul 21, "Legionnaire's
Disease" struck in Philadelphia, Pa. 29 people died from the
disease. The disease was first identified after an outbreak at the
Bellevue Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia. It was identified as
Legionella pneumophila and found to infest water systems in general
and the hotel ventilation system in this case.
(OGA, 11/24/98)(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-17)
1978 Jul 21, In Bolivia Gen’l.
Juan Pereda Asbun overthrew Pres. Banzer in a coup.
(WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1980 Jul 21, Draft registration
began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.
1982 Jul 21, Dave Garroway
(b.1913), former TV host of the "Today Show" (1952-1961, committed
1983 Jul 21, The coldest
temperature ever measured on Earth was -128.6 Fahrenheit (-89.2
Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.
1984 Jul 21, In Jackson,
Michigan, a male die-cast operator (34) was pinned by a hydraulic
Unimate robot. He died after 5 days. This was the 1st documented
case of a robot killing a human in US.
1986 Jul 21, Gary Lee Davis
(1944-1997) and his wife, Rebecca, abducted, raped and killed
Virginia May (32) in Byers, Colorado. After exhausting all appeals
he was executed by lethal injection on Oct 13, 1997. Rebecca was
convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A7)(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A3)
1987 Jul 21, Defying a
threatened veto by President Reagan, the Senate approved a trade
bill containing a provision requiring companies to give 60 days'
notice to employees of impending plant closings and large-scale
layoffs. Reagan vetoed the bill, but ended up allowing a separate
plant-closing notice measure to become law.
1988 Jul 21, Massachusetts Gov.
Michael Dukakis accepted the Democratic presidential nomination at
the party's convention in Atlanta, declaring, "this election isn't
about ideology; it's about competence."
1988 Jul 21, Canada’s
Multiculturalism Act of 1988 replaced a previous policy of
assimilation with one of acceptance of diversity.
1989 Jul 21, The State
Department confirmed an ABC News report that Felix S. Bloch, a
veteran U.S. diplomat, was being investigated as a possible Soviet
spy. Bloch was never charged with espionage, but was fired from his
job in 1990.
1990 Jul 21, A day after
Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan announced his retirement,
President Bush convened a meeting with key administration officials
to begin finding a replacement.
1991 Jul 21, US Secretary of
State James A. Baker the Third met with Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir, trying to persuade the Israelis to agree to the
1991 Jul 21, Jordan became the
fourth Arab country to sign on to a US-backed Middle East peace
1992 Jul 21, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin met in Cairo with Egyptian President Hosni
Mubarak, who said afterward that he'd accepted Rabin's invitation to
1993 Jul 21, More rain set back
cleanup and recovery efforts in parts of the Midwest; Transportation
Secretary Federico Pena examined flood damage along the Mississippi
in Keokuk, Iowa.
1994 Jul 21, Hugh Scott (93)
former US Senate Republican leader died in Falls Church, Va.
1994 Jul 21, Britain's Labor
Party elected Tony Blair its new leader, succeeding the late John
1995 Jul 21, At a 16-nation
conference in London, the United States and NATO allies warned
Bosnian Serbs that further attacks on UN safe havens would draw a
"substantial and decisive response."
1995 Jul 21, Elleston Trevor,
British author, died.
1995 Jul 21 China began
conducting a series of ballistic missile test firings 85 miles from
Taiwan. The missiles were all MTCR class four short range and two
intermediate range. All were modern, mobile, nuclear-capable. No
country has ever held this level of field tests for nuclear capable
1996 Jul 21, There was a review
of "Please Kill Me" by Legs McNeil and Gillian McCain, a historical
chronicle of the American punk-rock movement.
(SFC, 7/21/96, p.B7)
1996 Jul 21, At the Atlanta
Olympics, swimmer Tom Dolan gave the United States its first gold,
in the 400-meter individual medley. The men's 800-meter freestyle
relay team also won.
1996 Jul 21, Dozens of memorial
services were held across the country to remember the 230 people
killed in the crash of TWA Flight 800.
1996 Jul 21, It was reported
that as many as 6,000 immigrants were naturalized as US citizens
every month in SF.
(SFC, 7/21/96, p.B1)
1996 Jul 21, In Burundi Hutu
rebels killed 320 Tutsis, mostly women and children, at a refugee
camp 45 miles north of the capital.
(WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A1)
1996 Jul 21, Danish cyclist
Bjarne Riis won the Tour de France. In 2007 he admitted to using
performance enhancing drugs to win the race.
1996 Jul 21, Thirteen pounds of
explosives were hurled at the Hell’s Angel’s headquarters in
Copenhagen. Their compound consists of 5 buildings surrounded by a
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)
1997 Jul 21, The General
Convention of the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia voted to require
all Episcopal dioceses to ordain women.
(SFC, 7/22/97, p.A2)
1997 Jul 21, The U.S.S.
Constitution, aka Old Ironsides,, which defended the United States
during the War of 1812, set sail with 216 crew members under its own
power for first time in 116 years, leaving its temporary anchorage
at Marblehead, Mass., for a one-hour voyage marking its 200th
anniversary. The actual anniversary was the following October. It
was built in 1797 and was never defeated in 42 battles.
(HT, 3/97, p.34)(SFC, 7/22/97, p.A1)(AP, 7/21/98)
1997 Jul 21, In Canada
fishermen released the Malaspina ferry, a blocked Alaska-bound ship
at Prince Rupert. They were protesting US fishing of sockeye salmon
heading for spawning in British Columbia.
(SFC, 7/22/97, p.A10)
1998 Jul 21, President Clinton
announced a crackdown on nursing homes that were lax about quality
and on states that do a poor job of regulating them.
1998 Jul 21, The Pentagon said
it found no evidence to support allegations in a CNN report that
U.S. troops had used nerve gas against American defectors in Laos.
1998 Jul 21, In NYC a 48-story
elevator scaffold collapsed at the construction site of the Conde
Nast building on West 43rd St. One woman (85) was killed.
(SFC, 7/22/98, p.A3)
1998 Jul 21, Astronaut Alan
Shepard, the first American in space, died in Monterey, Calif., at
(SFC, 7/23/98, p.A1)(AP, 7/21/99)
1998 Jul 21, Robert Young,
actor, died in Westlake Village, Calif. at age 91. He was best known
for his TV roles in "Father Knows Best" and "Marcus Welby, M.D."
(SFC, 7/23/98, p.C4)(AP, 7/21/99)
1998 Jul 21, Pakistan announced
austerity measures to cope with imposed sanctions.
(WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 21, Serbian forces
forced the Kosovo Liberation Army out of Orahovac. The rebels and
some 15,000 refugees fled northeast to the city of Malisevo.
(SFC, 7/22/98, p.A10)
1998 Jul 21, Puerto Rico
accepted a sweetened GTE-led bid for the government owned phone
system that included concessions to appease workers.
(WSJ, 7/22/98, p.A1)
1999 Jul 21, Navy divers found
the bodies of John F. Kennedy Junior, his wife, Carolyn, and
sister-in-law, Lauren Bessette, in the wreckage of Kennedy’s plane
in the Atlantic Ocean off Martha’s Vineyard.
1999 Jul 21, It was reported
that the Lilly Endowment Inc. of Indianapolis presented a $50
million grant to the SF based Hispanic Scholarship Fund.
(SFC, 7/21/99, p.A1)
1999 Jul 21, David Ogilvy (88),
British-born American advertising executive, died in Bonnes, France.
In 2009 Kenneth Roman authored “the King of Madison Avenue: David
Ogilvy and the making of Modern Advertising."
(AP, 7/21/00)(WSJ, 1/21/08, p.A15)
2000 Jul 21, Group of Eight
leaders met for an economic summit on the Japanese island of
Okinawa, where President Clinton also sought to soothe
long-simmering tensions over the huge American military presence.
2000 Jul 21, Special Counsel
John C. Danforth concluded "with 100 percent certainty" that the
federal government was innocent of wrongdoing in the siege that
killed 80 members of the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas,
2000 Jul 21, Norm Mineta, the
1st Asian American to serve in a president’s cabinet, was sworn in
as the 33rd US secretary of commerce.
(SFC, 7/22/00, p.A3)
2000 Jul 21, Researchers
reported that human general intelligence, as measured in IQ tests,
came from clearly defines regions in the frontal lobes.
(SFC, 7/21/00, p.B3)
2000 Jul 21, It was reported
that warming climate was causing Greenland to lose 11 cubic miles of
ice a year, or 12.5 trillion gallons, enough to raise sea level by
.005 inches annually.
(SFC, 7/21/00, p.B3)
2000 Jul 21, It was reported
that physicists at the Fermi lab had observed evidence of the tau
neutrino. The Higgs boson still remained undetected.
(WSJ, 7/21/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/21/00, p.B2)
2000 Jul 21, It was reported
that computers at Los Alamos simulated a nuclear blast in 3
dimensions for the 1st time.
(WSJ, 7/21/00, p.A1)
2000 Jul 21, In Hawaii a tour
helicopter crashed and killed 7 people on Maui.
(SFC, 7/22/00, p.A6)
2000 Jul 21, Marc Reisner,
author of "Cadillac Desert," died in Marin, Ca., at age 51. His 1986
book was an angry indictment of water depletion in the American
(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A21)
2000 Jul 21, In Chechnya 4
Russian soldiers were killed when a land mine blew up their truck in
the Shali region.
(SFC, 7/22/00, p.C1)
2000 Jul 21, It was reported
that the drought in Kenya had caused water and electricity rationing
in Nairobi and an appeal to the UN for $88 million to feed 3.3
million people. 13 million people in 6 countries around the Horn of
Africa were at risk of starvation.
(SFC, 7/21/00, p.B7)
2000 Jul 21, In Russia 19
airmen were killed when a Mi-8 helicopter crashed north of St.
(SFC, 7/22/00, p.C1)
2001 Jul 21, In Genoa, Italy,
site of a Group of Eight meeting, a 2nd day of violent protests
turned the city into a war zone of rolling riots despite pleas for
calm from protest leaders and global summit leaders alike.
(SSFC, 7/22/01, p.A1)(AP, 7/21/02)
2001 Jul 21, Over 140 UN
nations agreed on a voluntary pact to stem small arms into conflict
zones. It required manufacturers to compile records of sales and to
mark weapons to enable their traces. The US managed to keep out some
(SSFC, 7/22/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/23/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 21, In Indonesia an
impeachment session of the People’s Consultative Assembly convened
early and voted that Pres. Wahid defend himself with an
(SSFC, 7/22/01, p.A12)
2001 Jul 21, In Japan 10
people, mostly children, were killed on a crowded pedestrian bridge
as they left a fireworks display in Akashi.
(SSFC, 7/22/01, p.A14)
2002 Jul 21, WorldCom filed for
Chapter 11 bankruptcy about a month after disclosing it had inflated
profits by nearly $4 billion through deceptive accounting. With $107
billion in assets, it was the largest US bankruptcy ever.
(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/21/03)
2002 Jul 21, In south central
Oregon an 87,000 acre wildfire burned along a mile-long front.
(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A3)
2002 Jul 21, Ernie Els won the
British Open in the first sudden-death finish in the 142-year
history of the tournament.
2002 Jul 21, In Iraq executions
of 15 political dissidents took place in the Abu Gharib prison, west
of Baghdad, and the bodies were buried at night in a mass grave at
al-Karkh cemetery in Baghdad. The Iraqi opposition group Center for
Human Rights reported this Sep 30.
2002 Jul 21, In Israel an
explosion under a moving passenger train near Tel Aviv moderately
injured one Israeli.
2002 Jul 21, In the Philippines
3 people drowned in floods and a landslide buried alive a family of
three as heavy rains pummeled the main island of Luzon, including
2002 Jul 21, In Russia fighting
started when a vendor at the Moscow Orion market opened fire at a
group of wholesale buyers who allegedly refused to pay him for his
goods. The armed vendor was from the Dagestan region in southern
Russia, and the buyers were from the former Soviet republic of
2002 Jul 21, A methane gas
explosion tore through a Ukrainian coal mine, killing at least six
miners and leaving more than 28 missing.
2003 Jul 21, President Bush
said he was working to persuade more nations to help in Iraq.
2003 Jul 21, Carlton Dotson
Jr., the roommate of missing Baylor basketball player Patrick
Dennehy, was arrested and charged with Dennehy's murder. Dotson
later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 35 years in prison.
2003 Jul 21, About 1,000
soldiers of Afghanistan's new national army launched their first
major operation, sweeping for insurgents in the east of the country.
2003 Jul 21, In southwest
Cameroon water-logged hillsides gave way after a week of heavy rain,
killing at least 21 people.
2003 Jul 21, In southwest China
a magnitude-6.2 earthquake toppled thousands of mud-brick houses in
a mountainous area, killing at least 16 people and injuring more
than 300 others.
2003 Jul 21, In Haiti a high
tension wire snapped and fell, electrocuting 15 people who were
gathered to watch the final match of a basketball game in
Petit-Goave. All 15 died.
2003 Jul 21, In Liberia mortar
shells hit the heavily fortified U.S. Embassy in the Monrovia,
injuring at least three people. Fighting in the Liberian capital of
Monrovia left over 600 dead.
(AP, 7/21/03)(AP, 7/22/03)
2003 Jul 21, In Peru 8 mountain
climbers were missing after an avalanche on Alpamayo mountain. Four
Germans, two Israelis, one Venezuelan and one Peruvian were believed
to have been buried,
2003 Jul 21, In Sao Tome
military coup leaders freed seven government ministers detained in
last week's bloodless rebellion and resumed talks with international
mediators on restoring civilian rule.
2003 Jul 21, Monsoon rains were
reported to have killed at least 579 people in South Asia. India
reported a total of 263 deaths, Bangladesh 169, Pakistan 78, and
2003 Jul 21, The Saudi
government announced that police arrested 16 al-Qaida-linked terror
suspects over the last 4 days and used tractors to dig up an
underground arsenal: 20 tons of bomb-making chemicals, detonators,
rocket-propelled grenades and rifles.
2004 Jul 21, Pres. Bush
sketched out a 2nd-term domestic agenda, telling campaign donors he
would shift focus to improving high school education and expanding
access to health care.
2004 Jul 21, Stephen Hawking
presented findings that contradicted his earlier work on black holes
and said black holes form an apparent horizon from which information
can eventually escape. This change lost him a 1977 bet with Dr.
Preskill of CalTech.
(Econ, 7/24/04, p.74)
2004 Jul 21, Richard Block
(78), co-founder of H&R Block (1955), died in Kansas City.
(SFC, 7/22/04, p.B8)
2004 Jul 21, Jerry Goldsmith
(75), Academy Award-winning composer, died. He created the memorable
music for scores of classic movies and television shows ranging from
the "Star Trek" and "Planet of the Apes" series to "The Man from
U.N.C.L.E." and "Dr. Kildare."
2004 Jul 21, In Afghanistan 10
militant fighters were killed and 5 wounded and captured when they
attacked a US-led force near Kandahar.
(SFC, 7/22/04, p.A3)
2004 Jul 21, Defence Secretary
Geoff Hoon announced Britain is to slash around 19,000 posts from
its armed forces over the next four years as part of an overhaul of
2004 Jul 21, Insurgents in Iraq
said they have kidnapped 6 more foreign hostages, 3 Indians, 2
Kenyans and an Egyptian. They threatened to behead one every 72
hours unless their employer shuts down operations in Iraq.
(SFC, 7/22/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 21, Fighting between
US troops and insurgents in Ramadi left 25 Iraqis dead and 17
wounded. A decapitated corpse was found in Baiji.
(SFC, 7/23/04, p.A3)
2004 Jul 21, Rwanda officials
said 500 judges were fired and 223 new ones appointed in a reform
move to improve the judiciary.
(SFC, 7/22/04, p.A3)
2004 Jul 21, South Korea
pledged to expand economic ties with North Korea while Japan said it
would seek normal relations with the communist state when a dispute
over the North's nuclear ambitions is resolved.
2005 Jul 21, The House voted to
extend the USA Patriot Act.
2005 Jul 21, A US appeals court
ordered the government to sell the Unabomber’s property and give the
proceeds to victims of his bombings.
(WSJ, 7/22/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 21, Sealed court
documents were filed in which the U.S. Attorney's Office initiated
attempts to seize the home of U.S. Rep. Randy "Duke" Cunningham,
alleging that the California Republican's $3.5 million estate in
Rancho Santa Fe, a San Diego suburb, was purchased with bribe money.
In 2006 prosecutors alleged that Brent Wilkes, a San Diego
businessman, paid Cunningham over $626,000 in bribes between 2000
and 2004 to win government contracts for his companies.
(AP, 8/19/05)(SSFC, 5/14/06, p.A18)
2005 Jul 21, US and Canadian
authorities reported the shutdown of a newly completed 100-yard
border crossing tunnel outside Lynden, Wa., intended for smuggling
(SFC, 7/22/05, p.A3)
2005 Jul 21, The US Centers for
Disease Control reported that the bodies of American children and
adults contained over 100 toxic substance including pyrethroids, a
pesticide ingredient, and phthalates, found in beauty products and
(SFC, 7/22/05, p.A12)
2005 Jul 21, In Phoenix, Az., a
blistering heat wave was blamed for the deaths of 18 people. 14 were
thought to be homeless; 3 were elderly women.
2005 Jul 21, Airbus said it has
received an order for 20 of its twin-aisle A330 passenger jets from
Air China, in a deal worth about 3.2 billion euros ($3.9 billion) at
2005 Jul 21, Long John Baldry
(64), British blues musician, died in Canada.
(WSJ, 7/25/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 21, Suspected Taliban
rebels ambushed a car carrying a local administrator in southern
Afghanistan. Gul Mohammed, an acting deputy district chief, and his
unidentified driver were killed when militants opened fire on their
car in Helmand province.
2005 Jul 21, In Brazil an
Indian rights group warned that wildcat miners who have entered the
Yanomami Indians' Amazon reservation have brought guns and diseases
that threaten the stone-age tribe. An estimated 500 prospectors have
invaded the reservation, which is rich in gold, magnesium and
2005 Jul 21, Explosions struck
3 London Underground stations and a bus at midday in a chilling but
less deadly replay of the suicide bombings that killed 56 people two
weeks ago. One person was seriously wounded. In 2007 a British
prosecutor told a jury that 6 men plotted to kill London subway and
bus passengers with bombs made from hydrogen peroxide and flour on
July 21, 2005, two weeks after suicide bombers killed 52 commuters
in the city. The devices failed to explode. In 2007 a jury convicted
Muktar Said Ibrahim (29), Yassin Omar (26), Ramzi Mohammed (25), and
Hussain Osman (28) for conspiracy to murder. The jury failed to
reach a verdict for Manfo Kwaku Asiedu (34) and Adel Yahya (24). The
4 convicted men were sentenced to life in prison. In 2007 Manfo
Kwaku Asiedu, who was born in Ghana, admitted a charge of conspiracy
to cause explosions over the failed bombings. Asiedu was supposed to
be carrying a fifth bomb on the day but ended up dumping the
rucksack with his device in a park in north London. Asiedu was
sentenced to 33 years in prison. In 2008 Siraj Ali (33), Muhedin Ali
(29), Ismail Abdurahman (25), Wahbi Mohammed (25) and Abdul Sherif
(30), were convicted on 22 charges of failing to disclose
information about terrorism and assisting an offender. They included
the brothers of two of the July 21, 2005 bombers.
(AP, 7/21/05)(AP, 1/15/07)(AP, 7/11/07)(Reuters,
11/9/07)(AP, 11/20/07)(AFP, 2/4/08)
2005 Jul 21, China scrapped the
yuan's peg to the US dollar and tied it to a basket of currencies
revaluing the yuan by 2.1 percent and leaving the door open to
2005 Jul 21, Germany's Pres.
Horst Koehler agreed to dissolve parliament and hold early elections
Sept. 18 that could give the country its first woman chancellor.
2005 Jul 21, Hong Kong said it
would maintain its 21-year-old peg to the US dollar.
(Econ, 8/6/05, p.60)
2005 Jul 21, In Indonesia the
first suspect to face charges in the 2004 bombing of the Australian
Embassy was sentenced to 3 ½ years in prison for assisting the
attack's perpetrators, but was cleared of more serious charges.
2005 Jul 21, The chief of
Algeria's diplomatic mission, Ali Belaroussi, and fellow envoy
Azzedine Belkadi were seized at gunpoint from the upscale Mansour
district of western Baghdad. In an Internet statement 2 days later
al-Qaida in Iraq said it was responsible. Al-Qaida later announced
it had killed the diplomats.
(AP, 7/23/05)(AP, 7/21/06)
2005 Jul 21, In Indian Kashmir
2 bus passengers were killed and three were wounded when they were
caught in an exchange of fire between militants and soldiers.
2005 Jul 21, A Kurdish party
official said Kurdish leaders have presented a redrawn map with a
larger Kurdistan to the Iraqi National Assembly for consideration in
the new constitution.
2005 Jul 21, The aid agency
Oxfam said about 3.6 million people face starvation in Niger unless
the international community responds urgently to the food crisis
2005 Jul 21, A truck strike
paralyzed fuel deliveries across Puerto Rico.
2005 Jul 21, Russian and US
officials inaugurated a new U.S-financed command center aimed at
improving Russia's ability to prevent trafficking of nuclear
2005 Jul 21, Russia reported
its 1st case of bird flu in Siberia’s Novosibirsk region.
(WSJ, 7/22/05, p.A10)
2005 Jul 21, Sudanese security
officers roughed up members of Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice's
entourage; Rice demanded and got an apology.
2005 Jul 21, Turkish forces
killed 5 Kurdish rebels, including a woman, in a gunbattle in the
2005 Jul 21, Venezuelan leaders
condemned a U.S. decision to transmit broadcasts to this South
American country to ensure its citizens receive "accurate news."
2005 Jul 21, In Yemen
protesters clashed with security forces for a 2nd day after the
government reduced subsidies on oil products. The violence in the
capital and elsewhere left four dead and seven injured. 2 days of
rioting left 16 people dead.
(AP, 7/21/05)(SFC, 7/22/05, p.A14)
2006 Jul 21, In NYC residents
of Queens suffered through a 5th day of power blackouts. ConEdison
said power blackouts in Queens had affected some 25,000 customers.
(SFC, 7/22/06, p.A3)
2006 Jul 21, The California
Dept. of Education said an estimated 5% of high school seniors
(40,173 of 436, 374) did not qualify for graduation because they
failed exit exam.
(SFC, 7/22/06, p.B1)
2006 Jul 21, Mako (b.1933 as
Makoto Iwamatsu), Japanese-born film and TV actor, died at his home
in Ventura Ct., Ca. His films included “The Sand Pebbles" (1966). In
1965 he co-founded the East West Players, the 1st Asian-American
(SFC, 7/24/06, p.B8)
2006 Jul 21, The Netherlands’
military chief said Dutch commandos had killed 18 enemy fighters who
set up positions in rugged hills overlooking a Dutch camp in
2006 Jul 21, In Cambodia Ta Mok
(80), known as "The Butcher" for his brutality as military chief of
the communist Khmer Rouge, died.
(AP, 7/21/06)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.77)
2006 Jul 21, India urged
Pakistan to hand over a top Kashmiri militant as a gesture of its
determination to fight terrorism.
2006 Jul 21, In Iraq US troops
raided a neighborhood northeast of Baghdad, killing 5 people,
including two women and a child, after gunmen fired from the
rooftops of buildings. Bombs killed two worshippers at mosques in
Iraq during prayers and the authorities extended a daytime curfew on
Baghdad after one of the bloodiest weeks this year.
(AP, 7/21/06)(Reuters, 7/21/06)
2006 Jul 21, Israel called up
reserve troops and warned civilians to flee Hezbollah-controlled
southern Lebanon, as it prepared for a likely ground invasion to set
up a deep buffer zone. Hezbollah guerrillas fired two volleys of
rockets at Haifa, wounding five people and damaging shops and office
buildings. At least 335 people have been killed in Lebanon in the
Israeli campaign. 34 Israelis also have been killed, including 19
2006 Jul 21, A Hamas activist
and three relatives were killed in an explosion at his home in Gaza
City, hospital officials said. Palestinians said the house was hit
by an Israeli tank shell.
2006 Jul 21, An Islamic militia
leader called for a holy war against Ethiopian troops protecting
Somalia's weak UN-backed government.
2006 Jul 21, In Oaxaca, Mexico,
protests initiated by striking teachers continued. Protest leaders
said their fight is not with the tourists but with Gov. Ulises Ruiz,
whom they accuse of rigging the state election in 2004 and using
force to repress dissent.
2006 Jul 21, It was reported
that Saudi Arabia has ordered 76 artillery howitzers from the French
armaments manufacturer Giat Industries as defense minister Crown
Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz completed a two-day visit.
2006 Jul 21, The UN refugee
agency said international aid operations in refugee camps in the
Zalinge area of Sudan's Darfur region have been suspended after
three water workers were killed by a mob.
2006 Jul 21, Turkey killed 4
Kurdish rebels after a soldier died in an attack.
(WSJ, 7/22/06, p.A1)
2006 Jul 21, Venezuela formally
entered Mercosur, increasing the South American trade bloc's
economic might and vowing to transform the policy organization into
a force for profound social change. Cuba’s Fidel Castro signed a
modest trade at the 2-day Mercosur meeting in Cordoba, Argentina.
(AP, 7/21/06)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.36)
2007 Jul 21, Doctors removed
five small growths from President Bush's colon after he temporarily
transferred the powers of his office to Vice President Dick Cheney
under the rarely invoked 25th Amendment.
2007 Jul 21, The protracted
suspense finally lifted for Harry Potter fans who flooded bookshops
worldwide to grab the series finale, "Harry Potter and the Deathly
Hallows," and find out whether author J.K. Rowling slays or spares
the boy wizard.
(AFP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/21/08)
2007 Jul 21, A purported
Taliban spokesman said the militia killed two German hostages
because Germany didn't announce a troop withdrawal. The Afghan
government, however, said one of the Germans died of a heart attack
and that the second was still alive. Ruediger Diedrich, one of two
Germans kidnapped in southern Afghanistan on July 18, was found
dead. Germany has 3,000 soldiers in NATO's International Security
(AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/21/08)
2007 Jul 21, Security sources
said a week-long offensive by Algerian special forces in a
mountainous area east of Algiers has killed between eight and 11
2007 Jul 21, Helicopters
rescued dozens of people following heavy rains and floods in England
that also forced more than 2,000 motorists, homeowners and train
passengers to spend the night in shelters.
2007 Jul 21, Jean Berchmans
Ndayshimiye, the military leader of Burundi's last rebel group
(FNL), escaped back to the bush, sparking fears of renewed civil
2007 Jul 21, Developers of the
Burj Dubai, a 1,680-foot skyscraper still under construction in
oil-rich Dubai, claimed that it has become the world's tallest
building, surpassing Taiwan's Taipei 101 which has dominated the
global skyline at 1,667 feet since 2004.
2007 Jul 21, A bomb left on a
minibus also exploded shortly after noon in the predominantly Shiite
area of Baladiyat in eastern Baghdad, killing at least five Iraqis
and wounding 11. A mortar attack also struck the eastern outskirts
of Baghdad, killing two people and wounding four. A top aide to
Iraq's Shiite spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani was stabbed
to death in the city of Najaf. American and Iraqi forces continued
operations to clear Sunni extremists from Baqouba. Americans said
earlier this week that they have killed at least 67 al-Qaida
operatives in Baqouba, arrested 253, seized 63 weapons caches and
have destroyed 151 roadside bombs since last month. A roadside bomb
killed a US soldier.
(AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/22/07)(AP, 7/23/07)
2007 Jul 21, Italian police
arrested three Moroccans, an imam and two of his aids, they accuse
of being part of a militant cell that allegedly used a mosque in a
central Italian city as a terror training camp.
2007 Jul 21, In southern
Nigeria armed men seized the son (30) of a local chief near Port
2007 Jul 21, Attackers dressed
in dark clothes and wielding metal pipes raided a camp of
environmental protesters near Angarsk, Siberia, leaving one dead and
several injured. Over 20 demonstrators had been camped out by a
reservoir, about 2,600 miles east of Moscow, to protest nuclear
waste processing at the state-owned Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical
2007 Jul 21, Jesus de Polanco
(77), chairman of Spain's main media group Prisa and one of the
country's richest men, died in Madrid.
2007 Jul 21, Sudanese President
Omar al-Bashir, implicated by many in the international community in
Darfur's genocide, visited the troubled region for the first time in
the four-year conflict there.
2007 Jul 21, In northern Syria
2 buses collided head-on, killing 20 people and wounding 50.
2007 Jul 21, Former US
president Bill Clinton said his foundation had secured a deal for
Zambia to access cheap HIV/AIDS drugs.
2007 Jul 21, Zimbabwe’s
official Herald newspaper said the government had revived the
Zimbabwe State Trading Corporation (ZSTC) to work alongside the
state Zimbabwe Development Corporation (ZDC) "as vehicles for
acquiring companies that it might want to take over for engaging in
2008 Jul 21, The US FDA issued
an advisory for consumers to avoid eating uncooked jalapeno peppers
after it found a jalapeno grown in Mexico in a Texas border town
warehouse that tested positive with the same strain of salmonella
that was earlier associated with tomatoes.
(SFC, 7/22/08, p.A10)
2008 Jul 21, The war crimes
trial of Salim Hamdan, bin Laden’s driver, began at Guantanamo. The
judge barred evidence obtained in Afghanistan, citing coercive
(WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A1)
2008 Jul 21, Brocade
Communications said it will pay nearly $3 billion for Foundry
Networks, founded in 1996. Both Silicon Valley firms companies
competed with Cisco Systems.
(WSJ, 7/22/08, p.B8)
2008 Jul 21, A US B-52 bomber
that was due to fly in a Liberation Day parade in the US territory
of Guam crashed into the Pacific Ocean soon after take-off. All of
the bomber's six-man crew were killed.
(AFP, 7/21/08)(AP, 7/23/08)
2008 Jul 21, Sid Craig
(b.1932), co-founder of the Jenny Craig chain of diet centers
(1983), died. Craig founded Jenny Craig, named after his wife, in
Australia and expanded to the US in 1985. The company went public in
1992. In 2006 Nestle SA bought the operation.
(WSJ, 7/26/08, p.A5)
2008 Jul 21, In Sidney Pope
Benedict XVI met privately with Australians who were sexually abused
as children by priests, ending a pilgrimage to the country with a
gesture of contrition and concern over a scandal that has rocked the
Roman Catholic church.
2008 Jul 21, Eric Dowling
(b.1915), former English POW, died. He was nicknamed "Digger" for
helping excavate tunnels used in the breakout from a World War II
German prison camp that became known as the "Great Escape." Dowling
played a key role in planning the march 24, 1944, escape by 76
prisoners from Stalag Luft III prison near Sagan in eastern Germany
— now Zagan, Poland.
2008 Jul 21, Talks between
Cambodia and Thailand to resolve a military stand-off on their joint
border ended without a solution.
2008 Jul 21, In Chechnya the
bullet-riddled bodies of three officers, who had been guarding an
Interior Ministry trailer, were found on a collective farm. The
assailants made off with the officers' guns.
2008 Jul 21, China and Russia
signed an agreement that demarcated their 2,700 mile border ending a
long running border dispute.
(WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A1)
2008 Jul 21, In China 2 people
were killed in explosions aboard two public buses in Kunming city,
Yunnan province. On Dec 24 Li Yan reportedly confessed to his role
in the bombings as he lay on his death bed after trying to plant
another bomb. 20 miners escaped or were rescued from a flooded coal
mine in southern China but six have died and 30 remain trapped.
(AFP, 7/21/08)(AP, 7/22/08)(SFC, 12/29/08, p.A3)
2008 Jul 21, Egyptian police
arrested 39 members of the country's largest opposition group, the
banned Muslim Brotherhood during a raid on a camp north of Cairo.
The men, aged 18 to 35, said they were only on vacation. Egyptian
authorities shut down the Cairo office of an Iranian TV network, as
the two nations spar over "Assassination of a Pharaoh," a film that
justifies the killing of former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat by
(AP, 7/21/08)(AP, 7/24/08)
2008 Jul 21, President Nicolas
Sarkozy's risky bid to rewrite France's political rules with
sweeping constitutional changes worked, but just barely, with both
houses of parliament meeting in special session to pass the measures
by a single vote. The reform gives parliament greater power but also
adds a new privileges to France's already strong presidency, notably
allowing the chief of state to address together the two houses of
congress. However, it limits the president to two five-year terms.
2008 Jul 21, Rakhat Aliyev, the
ex-son-in-law of Kazakhstan Pres. Nazarbayev, accused the president
of diverting billions in state assets and other corruption.
(WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A1)
2008 Jul 21, An aid agency said
Kenyan armed forces are preventing aid workers from helping
homeless, hungry families caught between a brutal militia and an
2008 Jul 21, A UN-led report
said Myanmar needs at least $1 billion over the next three years to
put the survivors of Cyclone Nargis back on their feet, in the first
comprehensive assessment of damage caused by the disaster that
killed more than 84,000 people.
2008 Jul 21, Lawmakers in Nepal
voted in the Himalayan nation's first post-royal president, but
their rejection of a candidate backed by the Maoists was likely to
lead to more political deadlock. Ram Baran Yadav, who was supported
by the centrist Nepali Congress party, won 308 out of 590 votes cast
in Nepal's constitutional assembly.
2008 Jul 21, A Pakistani court
barred the disgraced architect of Pakistan's atomic weapons program
from speaking about nuclear proliferation, less than three weeks
after he implicated the army in the sharing of nuclear technology
with North Korea. Intelligence officials in Quetta said at least 30
insurgents, including three rebel commanders, had been killed.
Suspected Islamic militants shot dead a pro-government tribal chief
and wounded three other people in an attack on the outskirts of Khar
near Pakistan's border with Afghanistan.
(AP, 7/21/08)(AFP, 7/21/08)
2008 Jul 21, Pakistan’s Geo TV
broadcasted a recent interview with Mustafa Abu al-Yazeed, a senior
al-Qaida leader. He urged Pakistanis to help Afghans fight US-led
coalition forces and condemned President Pervez Musharraf for
arresting Arab and Afghan fighters and handing them over to
2008 Jul 21, Radovan Karadzic
(63), the wartime leader of Bosnian Serbs, was arrested in a
Belgrade suburb. A judge ordered his transfer to the UN war crimes
tribunal in The Hague.
2008 Jul 21, In Singapore the
10 members of ASEAN adopted a common charter that included a list of
(www.aseansec.org/21806.htm)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.52)
2008 Jul 21, In Sri Lanka 44
rebels and two government soldiers were killed in fighting.
2008 Jul 21, The African Union
urged the UN Security Council to put on hold the International
Criminal Court's move to indict Sudanese President Omar Hassan
al-Bashir over war crimes in Darfur.
2008 Jul 21, Swiss
pharmaceutical giant Roche offered 43.7 billion dollars to acquire
the remaining shares in US subsidiary Genentech, the bio-tech
pioneer underpinning its dominance of the cancer treatment market.
2008 Jul 21, Vietnam raised its
fuel prices by 31%.
(WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A13)
2008 Jul 21, In Zimbabwe
mediator South African Pres. Thabo Mbeki oversaw a ceremony in
Harare at which Robert Mugabe and opposition leader Morgan
Tsvangirai signed an agreement for negotiations to bring the country
out of political chaos in their first meeting in a decade.
2009 Jul 21, The US Senate
voted to stop production of the F-22 fighter plane, handing
President Barack Obama a victory as he tries to rein in defense
2009 Jul 21, In Delaware
creditors charged in a court filing that racetrack operator Magna
Entertainment Corp fraudulently transferred more than $125 million
to companies controlled by Canadian billionaire Frank Stronach
before filing for bankruptcy.
2009 Jul 21, The Ninth US
Circuit Court of Appeals in SF ruled that police who tell
investigators about alleged corruption in their departments have no
constitutional protection for their statements and can be fired.
(SFC, 7/22/09, p.D2)
2009 Jul 21, Oakland, Ca.,
residents overwhelmingly voted to approve a first-of-its kind tax on
medical marijuana sold at the city's four cannabis dispensaries.
2009 Jul 21, John Dawson (64),
co-founder of the “New Riders of the Purple Sage" (1969), a
psychedelic country rock band, died at his home in San Miguel de
Allende, Mexico. His band released 8 albums from 1971-1976 including
the gold certified “The Adventures of Panama Red" (1973). His songs
included “Glendale Train." He was also a long time collaborator with
Jerry Garcia and the Grateful Dead.
(SFC, 7/25/09, p.C4)
2009 Jul 21, In Afghanistan
Taliban militants attacked three government buildings in Gardez and
a US base near Jalalabad and in near-simultaneous attacks, a
signature of major Taliban assaults. 8 insurgents and 5 Afghan
security forces died. Canadian troops were involved in two shooting
incidents in southern Afghanistan, killing a girl and wounding three
policemen. Afghan authorities said later that police arrested 7
would-be suicide bombers, who would have inflicted mayhem in further
(AP, 7/21/09)(AP, 7/23/09)(AFP, 7/25/09)
2009 Jul 21, Several Chinese
Internet sites and parts of popular Web portals went offline amid
tightening controls that have already left mainland Web users
without access to Facebook, Twitter and other well-known social
2009 Jul 21, The general
manager of Dubai's Al Nassma said the world's first brand of
chocolate made with camels' milk plans to expand into new Arab
markets, Europe, Japan and the United States.
2009 Jul 21, French factory
workers angry over layoffs and cost cuts locked up their bosses at a
Michelin tire plant and a US-owned cigarette-paper mill. The
managers were released the next morning after regional officials
offered to mediate.
2009 Jul 21, Honduras’s interim
government ordered Venezuelan diplomats to leave the country in 72
hours as the int’l. community threatened new sanctions if
negotiations fail the resolve the overthrow of Pres. Manuel Zelaya.
(SFC, 7/22/09, p.A2)
2009 Jul 21, Iran's supreme
leader handed a humiliation to Pres. Ahmadinejad, ordering him to
dismiss Esfandiar Rahim Mashai, his choice for top deputy, after the
appointment drew sharp condemnation from their hard-line base.
Mashai, a relative by marriage to Ahmadinejad, angered hard-liners
in 2008 when he said Iranians were "friends of all people in the
world, even Israelis." Ahmadinejad appeared to openly defy the
(AP, 7/22/09)(SFC, 7/22/09, p.A3)
2009 Jul 21, In Iraq bombs
killed 19 people and wounded 80 across the country. 6 bombs exploded
in Baghdad killing 14 people and wounded at least 30 others. These
included 2 bombs near a group of day laborers in Baghdad's Sadr City
(AP, 7/21/09)(SFC, 7/22/09, p.A2)
2009 Jul 21, Japan’s PM Taro
Aso dissolved the powerful lower house of the parliament and vowed
his divided ruling party will make a new start in national elections
next month despite forecasts it may lose the grip it has held on the
nation for most of the past 55 years.
2009 Jul 21, In southern Japan
torrential rains triggered floods and landslides, leaving at least
six people dead and 10 others missing, including elderly residents
at a nursing home.
2009 Jul 21, In southwest Kenya
a bus driver swerved at a sharp corner and collided with another
bus, killing at least 22 people and injuring dozens.
2009 Jul 21, Mali's president's
office announced that Spain plans to help Mali fight Al-Qaeda of the
Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), which is active in the desert north of the
west African nation.
2009 Jul 21, Mexican police
detained a woman (65) in the deaths of two professional wrestlers
who were found drugged in a low-rent hotel in Mexico City on June
29. One of the diminutive wrestlers went by the name "La Parkita"
(Little Death") and wore a skeleton costume in the ring. The other
was known as "Espectrito Jr." An autopsy on the two wrestlers, who
were brothers, detected a substance found in eye drops that can
damage the nervous system when mixed with alcohol. Three bodies, one
of them headless, were found floating in an irrigation ditch in the
northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, where drug violence has
spiked despite the presence of thousands of soldiers. Police
captured four men, members of the La Familia drug cartel, accused of
slaying 12 federal agents on the weekend of July 12 and dumping
their bloodied bodies along a highway in President Felipe Calderon's
home state of Michoacan.
2009 Jul 21, Pakistan’s
military said 3 days of clashes between security forces and
militants in the northwest left more than 56 militants and six
soldiers dead. Pakistani fighter jets destroyed two suspected
militant hide-outs in South Waziristan, killing six men believed to
be associates of Taliban commander Baitullah Mehsud.
(AP, 7/21/09)(AP, 7/22/09)
2009 Jul 21, Spain’s foreign
minister, Miguel Angel Moratinos, drove across the border to
Gibraltar to meet with British foreign secretary, David Miliband,
and Gibraltar chief minister, Pater Caruana. This was the first time
in over 300 years that a Spanish government minister had visited the
(Econ, 7/25/09, p.51)
2009 Jul 21, Sri Lanka welcomed
a tentative agreement with the IMF for a 2.5-billion-dollar bailout
as the country emerged from a near four-decade-long separatist war.
2009 Jul 21, In Turkey a father
and two sons allegedly opened fire in the eastern village in Elazig
province, killing six people and wounding seven others. They were
2009 Jul 21, The WHO said that
deaths from the H1N1 swine flu virus have double in the past 3 weeks
to over 700.
(SFC, 7/22/09, p.A2)
2010 Jul 21, Pres. Obama signed
major financial overhaul legislation named after Sen. Chris Dodd
(D-Conn) and Rep. Barney Frank (D-Mass). The Volcker rule in the
legislation only took effect on July 21 2015. This banned banks from
proprietary trading and ties to hedge and private equity
(SFC, 7/22/10, p.D1)(Econ, 7/25/15, p.60)
2010 Jul 21, The United States
announced new sanctions against North Korea, targeted against its
leadership, and warned of serious consequences if it again attacked
2010 Jul 21, A US federal judge
ordered imprisoned former media baron Conrad Black released on $2
million bond, while she decides whether to throw out his 2007
conviction for defrauding shareholders. The Canadian-born Black, a
British peer who once led the world's third-largest newspaper
publisher, entered a Florida prison in March 2008. Black still faced
numerous civil suits related to Hollinger, and US tax authorities
have demanded $71 million from him for unpaid taxes.
2010 Jul 21, A US federal jury
found Beau Diamond of Sarasota, Fla., guilty of 18 counts of fraud
and money laundering crimes in association with a $37 million Ponzi
scheme between 2006 and 2009. In December Diamond was sentenced to
over 15 years in federal prison.
2010 Jul 21, Scientists said a
huge ball of brightly burning gas in a neighboring galaxy may be the
heaviest star ever discovered, hundreds of times more massive than
the sun after working out its weight for the first time. The star,
called R136a1, was identified at the center of a star cluster in the
Tarantula Nebula, a sprawling cloud of gas and dust in the Large
Magellanic Cloud, a galaxy about 165,000 light-years away from our
own Milky Way.
2010 Jul 21, Don Backer (66),
UC astronomer and pioneer in the use of the radio telescope, died in
Berkeley, Ca. In 1982 Don Backer led a group which discovered PSR
B1937+21, a pulsar with a rotation period of just 1.6 milliseconds.
2010 Jul 21, In northern
Afghanistan insurgents beheaded six policemen after attacking their
checkpoint in Baghlan province's Dahanah-ye Ghori district. A Danish
service member was killed by an explosion in the south. In Kabul
NATO and Afghan forces captured another suspected insurgent who had
planned attacks against this week's international conference.
(AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/22/10)(SFC, 7/22/10, p.A4)
2010 Jul 21, In Argentina Pres.
Cristina Fernandez signed a new law making Argentina the first
country in Latin America to legalize marriage for same-sex couples.
2010 Jul 21, Thet Sambat,
Cambodian journalist, and Rob Lemkin, British director, premiered
their documentary “Enemies of the People" in Cambodia. It features
his conversations with Nuon Ceha, Pol Pot’s right hand man. In
January it won the World Cinema Documentary Special Jury Prize at
the prestigious Sundance Film Festival.
2010 Jul 21, The Central
American Integration System readmitted Honduras.
(Econ, 7/24/10, p.40)
2010 Jul 21, President Omar
al-Bashir arrived in Chad, the first time Sudan's leader has been in
a member state of the International Criminal Court. He arrived to
take part in a summit of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States.
Human Rights Watch said that Chad should arrest al-Bashir or risk
becoming the first ICC member state to harbor a suspected war
2010 Jul 21, China said flood
waters this year have killed 701 people and left 347 missing. The
overall damage thus far totaled 142.2 billion yuan ($21 billion).
2010 Jul 21, China's largest
reported oil spill had more than doubled, closing beaches on the
Yellow Sea and prompting an environmental official to warn the
sticky black crude posed a "severe threat" to sea life and water
quality. The oil was spread over 165 square miles (430 square km) of
water five days since a pipeline at a busy northeastern port
2010 Jul 21, The leaders of
Egypt and Turkey met in Cairo to discuss stuttering international
efforts to coax Israeli and Palestinian leaders back to the
2010 Jul 21, Iran's nuclear
agency said it will conduct scientific studies for the construction
of an experimental nuclear fusion reactor, an engineering challenge
that no nation has yet overcome.
2010 Jul 21, Southern Iran was
shaken by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake killing one person.
2010 Jul 21, In Iraq a car bomb
outside a Shiite mosque in Baqouba, Diyala province, killed 15
people, the third deadly attack in the region in as many days. A US
soldier was killed in a separate bombing in the same province. Iraqi
soldiers arrested Saleem Khalid al-Zawbayi, the minister of defense
for the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI). Zawbayi was suspected of
organizing a July 18 suicide bombing in the town of Radwaniyah.
(AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/25/10)
2010 Jul 21, Israel said it
will restrict its use of white phosphorus munitions and seek to
limit civilian casualties in future wars, in a report to the UN
secretary general released this week. Israeli fire killed two
Palestinians and wounded 10 in the northern Gaza Strip.
2010 Jul 21, Kyrgyzstan police
detained Akhmat Bakiyev, a brother of deposed President Kurmanbek
Bakiyev, in the latest effort to solidify control over the country's
tense south and dismantle the former leader's entourage.
International health and rights groups said that minority ethnic
Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan are being deprived of medical
treatment and opportunities to seek refuge in neighboring
(AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/22/10)
2010 Jul 21, Nigeria laid out
plans to bail out its badly struggling banks by removing up to 21
billion dollars in deadbeat loans from their balance sheets.
2010 Jul 21, In Pakistan heavy
monsoon rains killed at least 17 people and affected thousands more.
2010 Jul 21, In Romania
forensic scientists exhumed what are believed to be the bodies of
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena to solve the
mystery of where they are truly buried.
2010 Jul 21, In southern Russia
2 carloads of assailants attacked a hydroelectric station, killing
two workers and setting off bombs in Kabardino-Balkariya.
2010 Jul 21, In Somalia 2
Ugandan soldiers were killed during clashes in Mogadishu's Bondhere
district. Al-Shabab introduced 3 former members of the presidential
guard, who said they had quit working for the government because it
was protected by AU forces who were killing Somali civilians with
(AP, 7/23/10)(SFC, 7/23/10, p.A4)
2010 Jul 21, It was reported
that security forces from Somalia's semiautonomous northern region
of Puntland were rounding up hundreds of southerners. Officials said
they posed a security threat. Activist Khadija Dahir said about 500
people were deported. She called the move unacceptable and clear
violation against innocent refugees.
2010 Jul 21, Spain accepted a
third former inmate from the US prison for terrorism suspects at
Guantanamo Bay. The inmate was originally from Afghanistan.
2010 Jul 21, Sudanese rebel
group JEM signed a landmark deal with the UN, pledging to protect
children caught up in the Darfur conflict.
2010 Jul 21, Ugandan police
said 10 people died after a boat they were traveling in capsized on
the Ugandan side of Lake Victoria.
2010 Jul 21, Yemeni tribal and
rebel sources said fighting in the mountainous north between Shiite
rebels and army-backed tribes over the past four days have left at
least 49 people dead, threatening a fragile truce.
2010 Jul 21, The Yugoslav war
crimes tribunal ruled that Kosovo's former prime minister must be
retried on murder and torture charges related to the country's
1998-99 war with Serbia, calling his acquittal two years ago "a
miscarriage of justice." Tribunal President Patrick Robinson said
the original trial for Ramush Haradinaj and two former Kosovo
Liberation Army comrades was marred by intimidation that left two
prosecution witnesses too scared to testify.
2011 Jul 21, The US Federal
Election Committee ruled that John Edwards, the former North
Carolina presidential candidate, must repay $2.3 million to the US
Treasury mostly as a result of excessive matching funds that his
2008 campaign accepted. On Aug 5 the US Federal Election Commission
ruled that Edwards must repay $2.2 million.
(SFC, 7/22/11, p.A12)(SFC, 8/6/11, p.A6)
2011 Jul 21, The US Justice
Department said US authorities have arrested nearly 2,000 people on
narcotics charges in a 20-month sting targeting Mexico's La Familia
Michoacana drug cartel. The arrests and charges were carried out in
12 states and the US capital Washington in a major operation dubbed
2011 Jul 21, In Georgia Andrew
DeYoung (37) was executed by lethal injection for the 1993 murder of
his parents and sister. The videotaped execution was likely the
first in the nation in almost 2 decades.
2011 Jul 21, Express Scripts
announced an agreement to buy larger rival Medco Health Solutions in
a $29.1 billion deal. The combination would handle the prescriptions
of more than one in three Americans.
(SFC, 7/22/11, p.D3)
2011 Jul 21, The space shuttle
Atlantis glided home to the Kennedy Space Center through a clear
moonlit sky to complete a 13-day cargo run to the International
Space Station and a 30-year odyssey for NASA's shuttle program.
2011 Jul 21, Afghan security
forces took over responsibility for the city of Herat, the country's
western capital. 2 British nationals were reported detained in Herat
as part of a counter-terrorism operation to stop a possible attack
2011 Jul 21, Australian police
raided the Sydney offices of Greenpeace over their destruction of an
experimental crop of genetically modified wheat at a government
2011 Jul 21, Britain’s
Financial Services Authority said it has fined insurance broker
Willis Limited nearly £7 million for failing to ensure payments to
overseas third parties were not used for corrupt purposes. The
announcement came after Britain earlier this month implemented new
2011 Jul 21, Canada’s
government began a website identifying 30 suspected war criminals
that have entered the country illegally, mostly from Rwanda, Central
and South America and from the Balkan states.
(SFC, 7/22/11, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)
2011 Jul 21, Ecuadoran
authorities said they have seized 357 dead sharks from a boat
fishing illegally in the protected waters off the Galapagos Islands.
(SFC, 7/22/11, p.A2)
2011 Jul 21, El Salvador’s
congress approved a ban on smoking in public places overriding a
veto by Pres. Mauricio Funes.
(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A2)
2011 Jul 21, Eurozone leaders
agreed to give Greece euro109 billion ($156 billion) in new
financing in a complex package that includes new loans, buybacks of
Greek debt, and credit guarantees under the deal agreed.
(AP, 7/22/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.65)
2011 Jul 21, EU leaders cut the
interest rate on the Irish bailout.
(Econ, 10/22/11, p.63)
2011 Jul 21, In Indonesia
unidentified gunmen ambushed soldiers and killed one of them in the
easternmost province of Papua. A small, poorly armed separatist
group, known as Free Papua Movement, or OPM, has battled for
independence since 1969.
2011 Jul 21, Ivory Coast
President Alassane Ouattara called on the new army to "clean up" its
ranks as alleged violations continue three months after the end of
the post-electoral crisis.
2011 Jul 21, Mzuzu, Malawi,
suffered half of the deaths from two days of protests and rioting
left at least 19 dead across the impoverished country. More than 275
people were arrested across the country during two days of rioting.
(AFP, 7/22/11)(AFP, 8/9/11)
2011 Jul 21, In Nigeria a gun
battle between soldiers and suspected Islamists broke out after a
failed bomb attack in Maiduguri leaving one extremist dead.
2011 Jul 21, Senegal's
government banned political demonstrations in front of government
buildings and on major avenues and squares, just days before a
planned opposition protest to call for the departure of President
Abdoulaye Wade (85).
2011 Jul 21, In Somalia Shebab
spokesman Sheik Ali Mohamud Rage said Shebab won't allow banned aid
workers into the areas it controls. He called the UN's declaration
of famine in parts of Somalia politically motivated and pure
propaganda. Shebab rebels in Balad abducted and detained Asha Osman
Aqiil, a newly appointed woman minister, while she was on her way to
take up office in Mogadishu.
(AFP, 7/21/11)(AP, 7/22/11)
2011 Jul 21, About 100 Swazi
AIDS activists marched to the finance ministry to demand that the
kingdom not allow a crippling financial crisis to interrupt the
supply of life-saving drugs. Swaziland has the world's highest HIV
infection rate, with one in four adults carrying the virus.
2011 Jul 21, Syrian security
forces swept through neighborhoods in Homs, firing machine guns and
pulling people from their homes in a series of arrests. Activists
said up to 50 people have been killed in Homs since the latest
crackdown and sectarian violence began on July 16. 3-4 more people
were reportedly killed in Homs.
(AP, 7/21/11)(AP, 7/21/11)
2011 Jul 21, Eugene Koffi
Adoboli (76), Togo’s former prime minister (1998-2000) was sentenced
to five years in prison in absentia for allegedly embezzling some
1.2 million euros of the budget allocated for the construction of
villas in the capital Lome in 1999. Adoboli, who has lived in
Switzerland since 2002, strongly denied the accusations. Two other
people were also sentenced in absentia over the allegations.
2011 Jul 21, A Tunisian court
opened two more trials of ousted president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali,
now living in exile in Saudi Arabia, accusing him of corruption and
property fraud. Hundreds of Tunisians rallied in the capital,
denouncing the "violence and chaos" that persist six months after
the toppling of authoritarian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
2011 Jul 21, Yemeni Republican
Guards shot dead one protester and wounded three in the
second-largest city of Taez. 10 soldiers were killed and 33 wounded
in fighting against militants at al-Code area, near Zinjibar, over
the past 24 hours.
(AFP, 7/21/11)(AP, 7/21/11)
2012 Jul 21, The US government
said it has cut this year's $200,000 planned military assistance to
Rwanda amid concerns that the government in Kigali is supporting
rebel movements in neighboring Congo.
2012 Jul 21, In San Diego, Ca.,
active US service members marched for the first time in full uniform
at the city’s Gay Pride Parade.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A6)
2012 Jul 21, In Aurora,
Colorado, bomb experts disarmed the booby-trapped apartment of James
Holms, who killed 12 people in a movie theater on July 20.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A8)
2012 Jul 21, In eastern
Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
Taliban insurgents whipped two men 40 times in public in a village
south of Kabul after accusing them of attempting to kidnap a young
boy for ransom.
2012 Jul 21, Nearly 400 rockets
and shells were fired into Afghanistan and killed at least four
people in Dangam district along the border with Pakistan.
2012 Jul 21, In China at least
54 people died, including 37 in Beijing, during torrential
rainstorms which battered much of northern and southwestern China
over the last 24 hours. Heavy rainfall was expected to last for
another day. On July 26 the toll in Beijing was increased to 77.
(AFP, 7/21/12)(AP, 7/22/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(AFP,
2012 Jul 21, An Egyptian court
sentenced Ali Wanees, an ultraconservative former lawmaker and
cleric, to a year in prison for public indecency, after police said
they found him fondling a woman on his lap in a parked car at night.
He was tried in absentia and is allowed a retrial. The court
sentenced the woman he was with to six months in jail.
2012 Jul 21, Abu Bakr
al-Baghdadi, who became head of the Islamic State of Iraq in 2010,
claimed that the Al-Qaida affiliated militant network is returning
to the old strongholds from which it was driven by US forces and
their Sunni allies prior to the American withdrawal at the end of
2012 Jul 21, Jamaican police
torched nearly 15,000 pounds of marijuana seized in raids on
trafficking operations, most of which was found this year.
(SFC, 7/23/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 21, A Japanese H-IIB
rocket blasted off from the southern island of Tanegashima to
deliver an unmanned supplies vessel to the International Space
2012 Jul 21, Six Malian
self-defense groups said they have joined forces to oust Islamist
militants who have seized control of the country's northern half for
almost four months.
2012 Jul 21, Mozambique
launched a Brazilian funded pharmaceutical plant that will make
anti-retroviral drugs to battle the HIV/AIDS scourge in the southern
African country. The plant will initially package drugs from Brazil
but start producing the pills by the end of the year.
2012 Jul 21, In Pakistan gunmen
shot dead seven soldiers at a checkpoint in Gwadar, in southwestern
Baluchistan province, as violence marred the start of Ramadan. At
least twelve people were killed and a further 24 wounded in two bomb
attacks in the northwestern Kurram tribal district and in the Upper
2012 Jul 21, In the Philippines
2 people were killed and six others were missing as floods inundated
parts of Manila and nearby areas while a storm tore through the
2012 Jul 21, Russia reported
that President Vladimir Putin has signed into law a new measure that
requires from non-governmental groups receiving funding from abroad
and engages in political activity to register as a foreign agent.
2012 Jul 21, In South Africa
two busses collided in the country's southeast killed 18 people near
the Eastern Cape town of Cradock. Three of them were elementary
school children headed to a sports event.
2012 Jul 21, Syrian troops
clashed with rebels in the city of Aleppo for a second day, forcing
inhabitants to flee to safer areas in some of the fiercest fighting
to date. At least 20 people were killed across Syria.
(AP, 7/21/12)(AFP, 7/21/12)
2012 Jul 21, In Tajikistan
rebel leader, Tolib Ayombekov, allegedly had the head of provincial
security killed in Gorno-Badakhshan province. This was believed to
be the result of a dispute over who would control how much of the
drug smuggling from Afghanistan.
2012 Jul 21, In Togo several
thousands anti-government demonstrators rallied in the capital to
protest what they say is a crackdown on the opposition movement.
2013 Jul 21, Bahrain said
authorities have arrested three suspects in connection with a
bombing last week outside a mosque near the royal residences. No one
was injured in the July 17 blast.
2013 Jul 21, King Philippe I
(53) became Belgium's seventh monarch during a national holiday
after his father Albert (79) abdicated as the head of the nation.
2013 Jul 21, Britain’s Chris
Froome pedaled through the streets of Paris as victor of the 2013
Tour de France.
2013 Jul 21, In Egypt a bus
carrying soldiers crashed into a truck on a highway betgween Cairo
and Alexandria early today, killing 15 soldiers and a driver.
2013 Jul 21, In France Gilles
Bourdouleix, a member of parliament and mayor for the town of Cholet
near Nantes, had a confrontation with Gypsies, when he visited a
field owned by the town where Gypsies were illegally living in
caravans. He asked them to leave. Some of the Gypsies made Nazi
salutes at Bourdouleix and he responded by saying: "Maybe Hitler
didn't kill enough of them."
2013 Jul 21, In Iraq a bomb
exploded in a fish market in Taji, killing 4 and wounding one.
Another bomb exploded outside the house of an anti-al-Qaida Sunni
militia leader in the town of Basmaiya, killing 2 and wounding four.
Gunmen attacked a checkpoint manned by the Kurdish security forces
known as peshmerga near Kirkuk, killing 5 of them. Gunmen also
sprayed a security checkpoint with bullets in Mosul, killing 2
soldiers. Late-night jailbreak attempts at Taji and Abu Ghraib
prisons outside Baghdad killed dozens, including at least 25 members
of Iraq's security forces and at least 10 militants. Hundreds of
inmates were set free including some al-Qaida followers.
(AP, 7/21/13)(AP, 7/22/13)(AP, 7/23/13)
2013 Jul 21, Japanese PM Shinzo
Abe's ruling coalition won a majority in the upper house of
parliament, giving it control of both chambers and a mandate to
press ahead with difficult economic reforms.
2013 Jul 21, In New Zealand a
6.5 magnitude earthquake hit Wellington. Four people were injured.
The quake was centered under the Cook Strait, 35 miles southwest of
(Reuters, 7/22/13)(SFC, 7/22/13, p.A2)
2013 Jul 21, In Syria forces
loyal to President Bashar al-Assad killed at least 13 members of a
family in the Sunni Muslim village of Baida. 4 women and 6 children
were among those killed in the village. Mortar shells struck the
town of Ariha killing at least 20 civilians. 49 rebels were
killed in an ambush in Damascus' northeastern suburb of Adra. 17
rebels died in fighting in clashes in Damascus neighborhoods of
Qaboun and Jobar. Another 9 were killed in clashes that have raged
in the suburbs of Daraya, Harasta and Douma.
(Reuters, 7/21/13)(AP, 7/21/13)(AP, 7/22/13)
2013 Jul 21, Syrian Kurdish
forces freed a local leader linked to al Qaeda as part of an agreed
ceasefire to end fierce fighting with Islamist rebels in the
northern Syrian town of Tel Abyad. In return Islamist rebels
promised to release hundreds of Kurds taken hostage as collateral
from the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS), known
as Abu Musaab.
2013 Jul 21, In Venezuela 4 men
and a woman were killed by hooded gunmen at a birthday party in
Valle de La Pascua in central Guarico state.
2013 Jul 21, In Yemen armed men
seized an employee of the Iranian embassy in Sanaa. Diplomat Nour
Ahmad Nikbakht was freed by Iranian special operatives in March,
(Reuters, 7/21/13)(AP, 3/5/15)
2014 Jul 21, In Boston Azamat
Tazhayakov (20), a friend of Boston Marathon bombing suspect
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, was convicted of trying to protect Tsarnaev by
agreeing with another friend to get rid of a backpack and disabled
fireworks three days after the April 15, 2013, attack.
(SFC, 7/22/14, p.A4)
2014 Jul 21, Detroit, Mi.,
suspended its aggressive policy of cutting off water to customers
with unpaid bills for at least the next 15 days.
(SFC, 7/22/14, p.A4)
2014 Jul 21, In Michigan
pension cuts were approved by Detroit workers and retirees after 60
days of voting. Support for the pension changes triggered an $816
million bailout from the state, foundations and the Detroit
Institute of Arts, but a judge was still required to agree.
(SFC, 7/23/14, p.A8)
2014 Jul 21, In Michigan the
Ilitch family, owners of the Detroit Red Wings, unveiled details of
an already approved taxpayer funded financed stadium, said to cost
the public $283 million.
(SFC, 7/25/14, p.A14)
2014 Jul 21, A local lawmaker
said Texas Gov. Rick Perry, a vocal critic of the White House's
response to the surge of children and families entering the US
illegally, plans to deploy as many as 1,000 National Guard troops to
the Texas-Mexico border.
2014 Jul 21, In southern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a police convoy in Lashkar
Gah, Helmand province, killing 2 people. In the north at least 8
local policemen and 27 Taliban fighters were killed in an overnight
firefight in the Qaysar district of Faryab province. In southern
Uruzgan province 4 Afghan policemen were shot to death at a
checkpoint in Shahid Asass district. The attackers were two other
policemen from the same unit who fled the scene.
2014 Jul 21, In Iraq a roadside
bomb struck an army patrol overnight in Baghdad's western suburb of
Abu Ghraib, killing 2 soldiers and 3 volunteers who took up arms
following the recent Sunni militant push.
2014 Jul 21, In Libya Islamist
militants attacked an army base in the eastern city of Benghazi,
triggering fierce clashes involving helicopters and jets that killed
at least one person and wounding 20 others. A week of fighting
between rival militias for control of Tripoli International Airport
in the capital has killed at least 47 people.
2014 Jul 21, Six Palestinians
with German citizenship were among the people killed when an
airstrike caused a Gaza high-rise apartment building to partially
collapse. An Israeli shot dead Mahmud Shawamreh (21), a Palestinian
who had been throwing stones at his car north of Jerusalem in the
(AP, 7/22/14)(AFP, 7/21/14)
2014 Jul 21, Philippine
President Benigno Aquino presided over the opening of the
$175-million Philippine Arena, billed as the world's largest indoor
stadium, erected by the Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ), a
politically-influential religious sect.
2014 Jul 21, South Sudan rebels
and government troops battled over the strategic town of Nasir, with
rebels launching their largest offensive since an oft-broken May
2014 Jul 21, Syrian rebels
battled jihadists from the Islamic State (IS) near Damascus,
pressing their bid to expel them from their strongholds.
2014 Jul 21, Thai media
organizations called on the military government to ease restrictions
after the junta said it would shut down news outlets putting out
what it considers critical coverage.
2014 Jul 21, Turkish PM Recep
Tayyip Erdogan said he has stopped talking to US President Barack
Obama on the phone, amid growing strains between Ankara and
Washington over Syria and the Gaza conflict.
2014 Jul 21, In eastern Ukraine
fighting flared in the city of Donetsk as investigators began to
inspect the bodies of victims of the downing of Malaysia Airlines
flight MH17 last week. Four people were reported killed in the
clashes. 13 government troops were killed in fighting in the east
when "terrorists" attacked the army and their roadblocks 20 times.
(Reuters, 7/21/14)(Reuters, 7/22/14)
2014 Jul 21, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and US Secretary of State John Kerry
headed to Cairo to try to end two weeks of Israel-Hamas fighting
that has killed at least 508 Palestinians and 20 Israelis and
displaced tens of thousands of Gaza residents.