Timeline 2009 October - December

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2009        Oct 1, David Letterman, late-night TV talk show host, admitted in an extraordinary monologue before millions of viewers that he had sexual relationships with female employees, after a CBS News employee tried to extort $2 million from him. Suspect Robert J. Halderman later admitted his guilt and was sentenced to 6 months in jail. He was freed on Sep 2, 2010, after serving 4 months.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(SFC, 9/3/10, p.A4)
2009        Oct 1, The 19th annual Ig Nobel Prizes were awarded at Harvard. The physics prize went to a study of why pregnant women don’t tip over. The chemistry prize was awarded to scientists who turned tequila into diamonds. The veterinary medicine prize was given for finding that cows that have names make more milk than those who remain anonymous. The medicine prize went to a physician who, for fifty years, cracked the knuckles on only his left hand to test his mother’s contention that knuckle-cracking causes arthritis.
2009        Oct 1, The Miller family's new Walt Disney Family Museum opened to the public in the Presidio of San Francisco.
    (SFC, 10/2/09, p.E2)(SFC, 2/12/19, p.C3)
2009        Oct 1, Mattel planned to release its Mindflex toy, which allowed users to lift a ball and send it through an obstacle course using brain control interface technology.
    (SSFC, 9/6/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 1, In California operators at the Friant Dam began releasing pulses of water in a move to rewet the San Joaquin riverbed in preparation for reintroducing salmon species beginning next year. The dam, completed in 1944, had turned 64 miles of the river into a dusty trench.
    (SFC, 10/1/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 1, In Afghanistan an American died when Taliban militants fired rocket-propelled grenades at a patrol in eastern Afghanistan. A British airman was killed when a bomb exploded alongside his patrol near Camp Bastion in southern Helmand province. Afghans began cashing in on incentives, which ranged from $50 to $10,000, for information leading to weapons caches or "the disruption of enemy activities." By the end of the year “Operation Jaeza" paid out nearly $200,000.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 1/1/10)
2009        Oct 1, Britain’s Serious Fraud Office announced that it would seek prosecution of defense equipment firm BAE Systems over alleged corruption involving contracts with European and African nations.
    (AFP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, Benjamin Chocat (20), from Choisy-Le-Roi south of Paris, and his mother Christiane Chocat (51), a councilor in Lumigny-Nesles-Ormeaux southeast of Paris, helped to smuggle at least 13 men and 3 women in a hire van on a ferry from Cherbourg in France to Portsmouth. The Vietnamese immigrants were hidden behind boxes of shrimp noodles.
    (AP, 1/4/10)
2009        Oct 1, In Canada Said Nomad (36), a Moroccan citizen living in Quebec since 2003, was convicted in Montreal of plotting attacks in Germany and Austria to get NATO nations to withdraw troops from Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/2/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 1, China celebrated 60 years of communist rule with a military parade and elaborate pageantry on Beijing's Tiananmen Square showcasing the nation's revival as a global power. China demonstrated its new J-10 fighters and DF-31 nuclear ICBM.
    (AFP, 10/1/09)(Econ, 10/3/09, p.54)
2009        Oct 1, In Indonesia rescue workers used excavators to pull out victims from the heavy rubble of buildings felled by the previous day’s 7.6 earthquake. The death toll was expected to rise. The region was jolted by another powerful earthquake, causing damage but no reported fatalities.
    (AP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 1, In Iraq an American soldier was killed in a mortar attack at Baghdad's Camp Liberty. The death raises to at least 4,348 members of the US military who have died in the Iraq war since it began in March 2003, according to an Associated Press count.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 1, Israeli authorities charged an enigmatic Russian-born tycoon, who has fled the country, with fraud and money laundering. Prosecutors said Arkady Gaydamak conspired with senior Israeli banking executives to conceal financial activities worth around $175 million.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, A Lebanese businessman, Hassan Alayan, alleged that he and several hundred other Lebanese were expelled from the United Arab Emirates country because they refused to spy on the Shiite militant group Hezbollah and other fellow citizens.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, In Mexico gunmen in Ciudad Juarez opened fire on a pickup truck, killing a 22-year-old woman as well as a 10-year-old girl playing in a city park. Hours earlier, a city police officer was killed as she rode on a bus.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 1, In Nigeria Tom Ateke, leader of Niger Delta Vigilante, an ethnic Ijaw militia group, formally accepted an amnesty offer in a meeting with Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua.
    (AFP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, A Nigerian official said 9 people died and several others were hospitalized this week following a cholera outbreak in northern Taraba State, bringing the death toll in the region to 97 over the last few weeks.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 1, A Palestinian decision to suspend the campaign for war crimes prosecutions was first reported as the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva was considering a vote on the Goldstone report. With the Palestinians out of the picture, Arab and Muslim supporters followed suit, and the vote was deferred to March. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas faced growing outrage at home over his decision to withdraw support for the UN report.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 1, Romania's coalition government collapsed after nine ministers from the Social Democrats quit to protest the firing of interior minister Dan Nica. Social Democratic Party leader Mircea Geoana said the ministers resigned "in solidarity" with Nica, who was fired by PM Emil Boc on Sep 28 over a statement about potential fraud in the upcoming Nov 22 election.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, In Somalia fighting between rival Islamist factions over control of Kismayo, a key port city, killed at least 12 people, in the first concrete sign of a major split in the Islamist alliance threatening the fragile UN-backed government.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, In Switzerland senior American and Iranian delegates met one-on-one during a lunch break at seven-nation talks in Geneva. Iran brought a broad range of geopolitical issues to the table, while the six powers, the permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany, sought to soften Iran's resistance to freezing its uranium enrichment program. Iran accepted a demand to allow UN inspectors into its covertly built enrichment plant.
    (AP, 10/1/09)(AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 1, Venezuela's top security official said Julio Mendez (37), an American pilot wanted in the United States on cocaine-smuggling charges, has been turned over to representatives of the US State Department to be taken home.
    (AP, 10/1/09)
2009        Oct 1, Nestle said it will stop buying milk from Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's wife's farm after facing worldwide boycott threats.
    (AP, 10/2/09)

2009        Oct 2, President Barack Obama, while in Copenhagen, met with General Stanley McChrystal, the top commander of US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, for the first time since McChrystal presented a grim assessment of the war effort and requesting more troops.
    (Reuters, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, Michael David Barrett (48), accused of taping surreptitious nude videos of ESPN reporter Erin Andrews, was arrested at O’Hare Airport as he arrived on a flight from Buffalo, NY. He faced federal charges of interstate stalking for taking the videos, trying to sell them to celebrity Web site TMZ and posting the videos online. On March 15, 2010, Barrett was sentenced to 2½ years in prison.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(SFC, 3/16/10, p.A5)
2009        Oct 2, In San Francisco the Hardly Strictly Bluegrass 9 free music festival, financed by investment banker Warren Hellman, opened for a 3 day session.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.C2)
2009        Oct 2, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a US convoy, killing two American soldiers. Militants attacked a convoy of empty trucks returning to Pakistan after delivering supplies to a NATO base in Kunar province of eastern Afghanistan. One driver was killed, three were wounded and 13 trucks were burned. An Afghan policeman conducting a joint operation with US soldiers opened fire on the Americans, killing two of them before fleeing in Wardak province. A third US service member died of wounds from a bomb attack in Wardak the day before.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, An Australian woman was sentenced to life in prison for the starvation death of her 7-year-old daughter. The woman was convicted of murder in June. Her husband, convicted at the same time of manslaughter in his daughter's death, was sentenced to 16 years imprisonment. The girl, known as Ebony, weighed barely 20 pounds (9kg) when she died in November, 2007.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In Canada "Toronto 18" member Mohamed Dirie was sentenced to seven years in jail for his role in a plot to bomb Toronto landmarks in 2006, the second member of the group to be given jail time.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, Chechen forces engaged in a 2-hour gunbattle with militants leaving 8 insurgents dead.
    (SFC, 10/3/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 2, In Denmark the IOC opened a meeting hearing the cases led by government leaders and kings to win the right to stage the 2016 Olympic Games. US Pres. Obama spoke for Chicago, Japan's new PM Yukio Hatoyama spoke for Tokyo, Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva spoke for Rio de Janeiro, and Spain's King Juan Carlos and PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero spoke for Spain. Brazil won the bid.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, In England a Sikh policeman was awarded 10,000 pounds in compensation by a tribunal after bosses ordered him to remove his turban for riot training.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In France Armenia's President Serge Sarkisian started his tour of Armenian communities worldwide amid violent protests from members of a diaspora angry over plans to establish ties with Turkey.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In southern India flash floods and heavy rains killed at least 172 people in the state of Karnataka and 50 in neighboring Andhra Pradesh. One more person was killed in the southern seaside resort state of Goa as heavy rains resulted in the collapse of 250 houses. Fifty of the victims drowned when a rescue boat capsized.
    (AFP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 2, A boat carrying about 100 asylum seekers left an Indonesian port bound for Australia but never arrived. The information was made public in May, 2010, by Australian Customs and Border Protection Service chief executive Michael Carmody during a routine Senate inquiry into government operations.
    (AP, 5/25/10)
2009        Oct 2, Ireland voted 67% to 33% in favor of the EU's Lisbon Treaty, overturning a previous no vote and taking a key step towards ending the 27-nation bloc's deadlock.
    (AFP, 10/3/09)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.25)
2009        Oct 2, In Italy rivers of mud unleashed by heavy rains overnight flooded parts of the Sicilian city of Messina, leaving at least 22 people dead while sweeping away cars and collapsing buildings. 40 people remained missing.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 2, Hamas militants traded a two-minute video showing an apparently unharmed Sgt. Gilad Schalit, a captured Israeli soldier, for 19 Palestinian women held in Israeli jails, the first tangible step toward defusing a key flashpoint in Israeli-Palestinian hostilities.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In Mexico gunmen killed eight people in five separate attacks, including a state policewoman who was shot in the head in broad daylight in a residential area. In Ciudad Juarez at least 11 people, including two police officers and a child, were killed over the last 24 hours. A Mexican Air force plane crashed in President Felipe Calderon's home state of Michoacan, killing three soldiers. Federal officials announced 2 raids by security forces that netted the largest seizures of methamphetamine precursor chemicals in the country's history. Agents seized 20 tons of chemicals at Manzanillo port in the Pacific coast state of Colima and 17 tons in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, across from Laredo, Texas.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) sacked the managing directors of three banks which it said were in "grave situation", seven weeks after it applied similar sanctions to the heads of five other banks.
    (AFP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, Pakistan's paramilitary forces said that they had killed 27 more militants, including two commanders, in Khyber.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, In Puerto Rico some 500 law officers swarmed into a public housing project and other sites to dismantle a trafficking ring allegedly run by the island's top drug suspect, Angel Ayala Vazquez, a man described as an aspiring Robin Hood and a patron to reggaeton stars. Ayala, better known as "Angelo Millones," was captured last month following a seven-year investigation.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, Six Senegalese soldiers were killed and three wounded in an attack near the border of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. The soldiers were in a vehicle returning to their base in the southern Casamance region east of its capital Ziguinchor when their vehicle was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 2, Somali pirates hijacked the Alakrana, a Spanish tuna trawler, with a 36-member crew in the Indian Ocean 415 miles (670km) from the Seychelles islands. Two days later Spanish naval forces, taking part in the EU anti-piracy mission, captured two suspected pirates as they tried to travel ashore to Somalia from the Alakrana in a skiff. All of the crew were released safe and sound 47 days later after a ransom of four million dollars was paid.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AP, 11/5/09)(AFP, 9/24/11)
2009        Oct 2, In Sri Lanka a schoolgirl (12) was killed by a car bomb in northwestern Sri Lanka that also wounded 12 others, mostly students who were about to travel in the vehicle.
    (AP, 10/2/09)
2009        Oct 2, In southern Sudan fighting broke out in an oil-rich area between forces loyal to an ex-warlord and the state’s governor.
    (AP, 10/2/09)(AFP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 3, David Headley (b.1960 as Daood Sayed Gilani), a US citizen of Pakistani descent, was arrested in Chicago. He was suspected of doing reconnaissance for the Nov 26, 2008, Mumbai attack that killed 166 people.
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, p.D3)(www.talkleft.com/story/2009/12/7/125726/611)
2009        Oct 3, In Minnesota Somali Pres. Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed visited Minneapolis and St. Paul and urged expatriates to help find solutions to the violence in their homeland. The area is home to the largest Somali population in the US.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.A10)
2009        Oct 3, In Afghanistan a Taliban attack on a NATO supply convoy killed a civilian contractor escorting the trucks. Militant fighters streaming from an Afghan village and a mosque attacked a pair of remote outposts near the Pakistani border in the Kamdesh district of Nuristan province, killing 8 US soldiers and 3 Afghan soldiers at Combat Outpost Keating. 13 Afghan police and 2 journalists were captured by the Taliban, including the local police chief and his deputy. The bodies of 5 enemy fighters were found after the battle. NATO later said enemy forces suffered more than 100 dead during the well-coordinated defense. A roadside bomb southwest of Kabul killed a US service member.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)(AFP, 10/6/09)(AP, 2/5/10)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.C1)
2009        Oct 3, In Ethiopia Abdi Mohammed Awhasen, a top rebel leader in the restive Ogaden region, surrendered. His arrest led to the seizure of some four tons of explosive material.
    (AFP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 3, Reinhard Mohn (b.1921), German book publisher, died. He helped transform media group Bertelsmann AG from a German book publisher to an international media company. Mohn took over his family's printing and publishing business, C. Bertelsmann Verlag, in 1947. In 1971 he helped oversee the family-owned company's transformation into a stock corporation and become chairman and chief executive. In 1977, he established the Bertelsmann Stiftung foundation. Bertelsmann's 106,000 employees are scattered across its divisions in more than 50 countries.
    (AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 3, An Iraqi commander said security forces have detained more than 100 suspects in sweeps through Mosul to try to cripple the country's last major stronghold of Sunni insurgents.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 3, In Rome tens of thousands of people gathered to defend freedom of the press accusing Pres. Silvio Berlusconi of trying to silence critical voices.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 3, The Israeli army carried out airstrikes on a weapons workshop east of Gaza City and two weapons smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border. The strikes were in response to one mortar shell and one rocket fired at Israel from Gaza the day before.
    (AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Oct 3, In Nigeria Farah Dagogo, a former commander of the country's main militant group, said that he and other field commanders in Rivers state have surrendered all of their weapons. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) said it has already replaced the commanders who have surrendered. The group has said it would not accept an amnesty deal. Loyalists of Government Ekpemupolo, popularly known as Tompolo, filled up boats from the oil city of Warri and made for Oporoza camp, a two-hour boat ride, to witness him giving up his weapons.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AFP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 3, In northwestern Pakistan suspected Taliban militants fatally shot tribal elder Malik Abdul Majeed as he traveled to discuss anti-militancy efforts with government authorities. The dead body of a man accused of spying for the US turned up in the Bajur tribal region. Helicopter gunships pounded militants hide-outs in Charmang town in Bajur, killing five insurgents. Security forces killed three militants in the Swat Valley and arrested 16 others.
    (AP, 10/3/09)(AP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 3, In the Philippines Typhoon Parma cut a destructive path across the northern Philippines killing at least 30 people and leaving more than a dozen villages flooded, piling further misery on the Southeast Asian nation after floods from Ketsana claimed 298 lives.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 3-2009 Oct 4, In southern Sudan 16 people were killed in clashes between forces loyal to an ex-warlord and the governor's guards in oil-rich Unity State. At least 23 people were killed and more than a thousand fled their homes in ethnic clashes over the weekend.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 3, Some 2,000 people marched across Venezuela's capital to protest what they say is the persecution of President Hugo Chavez's opponents.
    (AP, 10/3/09)

2009        Oct 4, James Jones, US national security adviser, said on CNN that Al-Qaida has fewer than 100 fighters operating in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 10/7/09, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/y8kax72)
2009        Oct 4, In San Francisco Michael Bailey (26) of Baton Rouge, La., was shot and killed after being lured with friends at the City Nights club by a woman, who set them up for a robbery at the Alice Griffith public housing project. On Dec 23 prosecutors charged 5 people in the killing of Bailey. 2 of the 5 suspects were still at large. In 2014 William Jones (25) and Lance Molina (27) were found guilty of first-degree murder. Ariael Kittles (25) was acquitted of charges that she lured Bailey and friends to the complex. In 2016 Jones was sentenced to 57 years to life and Molina 44 years to life.
    (SFC, 10/6/09, p.C1)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.C4)(SFC, 6/21/14, p.C3)(SFC, 3/17/16, p.D6)
2009        Oct 4, In New Hampshire Kimberly Cates (42) was killed and her daughter, Jaimie (11) was gravely wounded following a machete attack by Steven Spader during a home invasion by 4 teenagers. Steven Spader (17) and Christopher Gribble (19) both of Brookline, N.H., were charged with first-degree murder. In 2010 Spader was found guilty of murder and other charges and sentenced to life in prison.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20013067-504083.html)(SFC, 11/10/10, p.A6)
2009        Oct 4, Algerian coastguards picked up 45 Algerian would-be migrants to Europe at three places off the coast west of Algiers.
    (AFP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 4, Mercedes Sosa (74), Argentine singer, died. Her music was banned after the generals seized power in 1976. She had released over 70 albums and turned the songs of others into great anthems of the left.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.42)
2009        Oct 4, Grameenphone, Bangladesh’s largest mobile phone firm, opened the largest IPO in Bangladesh history. It aimed to raise $70 million. It was owned by Telenor, a Norwegian telephone company, and Grameen Telecom, a non-profit founded by Muhammad Yunus, a pioneer of microfinance.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.88)
2009        Oct 4, Greeks cast ballots in a snap general election likely to produce a change in government. Voters angered by scandals and a foundering economy were expected to reject the conservatives in favor of the opposition Socialists. Socialist leader George Papandreou  trounced the conservatives under PM Costas Karamanlis (53) in an election focused on rescuing the economy. Papandreou took 44% of the vote and won 160 of 300 parliamentary seats.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)(SFC, 10/5/09, p.A2)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.54)
2009        Oct 4, In Iraq a fuel tanker exploded near a checkpoint outside of Baghdad International Airport, along a route once known as the world's deadliest road because of frequent attacks there during the height of the insurgency. The cause of the fire was under investigation. The body of Imad Elia (45), an employee at Kirkuk's health directorate, was found dumped in a field south of Kirkuk. He was shot in the chest and authorities believe the captors kept shooting into his body after he was dead. Elia was kidnapped two days before, but his family was unable to pay the ransom demands. At least 10 Christian families have left Kirkuk in recent weeks, fearing kidnap-for-ransom gangs that have turned their sights on Christians.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 4, In Nigeria an amnesty for militant in the Niger Delta officially expired.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.57)
2009        Oct 4, North Korea told visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao that it was open to bilateral and multilateral talks on its nuclear programs.
    (AFP, 10/4/09)
2009        Oct 4, In Pakistan security forces and special police battled militants in a firefight that killed six of the insurgents, including two commanders, Noorul Amin and Fazl-e-Rabbi. Police in Peshawar arrested Hukam Khan, a militant who was involved in attacking and looting convoys taking supplies to US and NATO forces in Afghanistan and recovered a substantial quantity of stolen goods. Hakimullah Mehsud, the new leader of the Taliban in Pakistan, met with reporters in the country's tribal areas for the first time since winning control of the militants. Mehsud vowed to strike back at Pakistan and the US for the increasing number of drone attacks in the tribal areas along the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/4/09)(AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 4, The UAR’s official news agency said Sheik Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the president of the United Arab Emirates, has signed a law regulating the development of a civilian nuclear program, clearing the way for construction of a nuclear power plant with help from the United States.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 4, Pope Benedict opened a special meeting of bishops on Africa by praising the continent as the world's spiritual center but lamenting that it risks being afflicted by materialism and religious fundamentalism.
    (AP, 10/4/09)

2009        Oct 5, President Barack Obama ordered the federal government, the nation's largest energy user, to cut its greenhouse gas emissions and to reduce its impact on the environment.
2009        Oct 5, Americans Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak won the 2009 Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering a key mechanism in the genetic operations of cells, an insight that has inspired new lines of research into cancer.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Don Hill, a former Dallas Mayor Pro Tem, was convicted in a bribery and extortion scheme that prosecutors called the largest in Dallas history.
    (SFC, 10/6/09, p.A5)
2009        Oct 5, Drugmaker Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. said its new diabetes drugs, Onglyza, has been approved for sale in the European Union's 27 countries.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Afghan election workers began recounting ballots from the disputed Aug. 20 presidential election, and a senior official said he expected to announce late next week whether President Hamid Karzai had won or would face a runoff with his main rival. One British soldier died after an explosion in southern Afghanistan. The Afghan defense ministry said Afghan and American forces killed 40 militants in 24 hours as they hunted in mountainous eastern Afghanistan for insurgents behind the Oct 3 attacks.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Belgium hundreds of dairy farmers drove tractors into Brussels to pressure EU farm ministers on declining milk prices, as 20 of 27 member nations called for more protection from the volatile world market.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, The first official history of Britain's MI5 was published, ending 100 years of secrecy over British spying during two world wars, the Cold War and the current fight against Islamic extremism. "The Defence Of The Realm: The Authorized History of MI5" was written by Cambridge University historian Christopher Andrew, who was given virtually unrestricted access to some 400,000 files, and even joined the domestic intelligence agency himself.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.87)
2009        Oct 5, In Burundi 2 days of clashes began as government forces fired live rounds in the air to deter hundreds of Congolese refugees from returning home. Some 900 refugees had decided to return home on foot rather than be transferred to a new camp further away from the border with Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Chile 4 former top army officials were sentenced to prison in the murder of a colonel shortly after he testified about a 1991 illegal deal to smuggle weapons to Croatia.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, Rafael Calderon, former Costa Rican president (1990-1994), was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison for embezzling funds from a Finnish loan intended for medical equipment for public hospitals.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Dubai's annual property fair, the Cityscape expo, opened as a toned down event.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, It was reported that conservative Egyptian lawmakers have called for a ban on imports of a Chinese-made kit meant to help women fake their virginity and one scholar has even called for the "exile" of anyone who imports or uses it. The Artificial Virginity Hymen kit, distributed by the Chinese company Gigimo, costs about $30. It is intended to help newly married women fool their husbands into believing they are virgins.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Ethiopia's President Girma Woldegiorgis told parliament that government is aiming to achieve double-digit economic growth in 2009. An official from the Oxfam charity said as many as 6.2 million Ethiopians need emergency humanitarian assistance due to severe drought.
    (AFP, 10/6/09)(Reuters, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, Honduras interim President Roberto Micheletti said an emergency decree that prohibited large street protests and limited other civil liberties following the return of ousted Honduran President Manuel Zelaya "has been completely revoked."
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least six mourners at funeral for a member of a prominent tribe with ties to both security forces and insurgents in Haditha, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Mexico gunmen burst into a bar in the northern border city Ciudad Juarez and shot 5 men to death. Soldiers arrested Eduar Vera (30), a suspect linked to at least 27 killings. In the southern state of Guerrero, gunmen killed two state police officers in the city of Iguala.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Mexico efforts to film Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez's latest novel, "Memories of My Melancholy Whores" (2004), met resistance as an anti-prostitution group sought to block production, charging the movie will promote child prostitution. The Regional Coalition Against Trafficking in Women and Girls in Latin America and the Caribbean filed a criminal complaint with Mexico's Attorney General's Office.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Pakistan a suicide bomber disguised as a security officer struck the lobby of the UN food agency's headquarters in Islamabad, killing five people a day after the new leader of the Pakistani Taliban vowed fresh assaults.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, A South Korean lawmaker, Kwon Young-se, said North Korea has received the equivalent of about $2.2 billion under deals aimed at persuading the isolated nation to dismantle its nuclear facilities, in what his office said is the first accounting of the cost of the failed strategy. In addition to the money it was given in the disarmament-for-aid deals, the North has also received nearly 4 trillion won ($3.4 billion) of food, fertilizer and other humanitarian aid from the US, South Korea and international organizations over the past 10 years.
    (AP, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, Visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il amid efforts to bring Pyongyang back to nuclear disarmament talks. China pledged to strengthen bonds with isolated North Korea, calling their relationship a boon to peace.
    (AFP, 10/5/09)(Reuters, 10/5/09)
2009        Oct 5, In Thailand a train derailed during heavy rains near the coastal city of Hua Hin, killing 7 people, including a 2-year-old girl, and injuring 88 others. A fact-finding panel later said the deadly crash was the fault of the driver who fell asleep after taking antihistamines and other cold medicine.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 5, Police in Uganda arrested Idelphonse Nizeyimana, one of the most wanted suspects from Rwanda's 1994 genocide. The former army captain and senior intelligence officer and others prepared lists of Tutsi intellectuals and those in authority before handing the lists to troops and militia who then killed them.
    (Reuters, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 5, A UN agency said Norway enjoys the world's highest quality of life, while Niger suffers the lowest, as it released Human Development Index, a ranking that highlights the wide disparities in well-being between rich and poor countries.
    (AP, 10/5/09)(http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/)

2009        Oct 6, Three Americans whose research in the 1960s laid the foundation for digital images and lightning-fast communication shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in physics for their work developing fiber-optic cable and the sensor at the heart of digital cameras. Charles K. Kao (75) was cited for discovering how to transmit light signals over long distances through glass fibers as thin as a human hair. His 1966 breakthrough led to the creation of modern fiber-optic communication networks. Willard S. Boyle (85) and George E. Smith (79) were honored for inventing the eye of the digital camera.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) said the Spitzer Space Telescope has discovered the biggest but never-before-seen ring around the planet Saturn. The diffuse ring doesn't reflect much visible light and is so huge it would take 1 billion Earths to fill it.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, The city council of Oakland, Ca., succumbed to public pressure and rolled back  parking meter enforcement from 8 p.m. to 6 p.m. The rule had gone into effect 3 months earlier.
    (SFC, 10/7/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 6, Afghan forces also killed eight militants in two separate battles in Zabul and Wardak provinces.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 6, Australia's central bank unexpectedly raised interest rates by a quarter point, becoming the first major economy to increase the cost of borrowing amid signs its recovery from the global slump is gaining momentum.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, Hilary Mantel won the 2009 Man Booker Prize for her historical novel “Wolf Hall." It covered the period Henry VIII’s divorce from Catherine of Aragon and marriage to Anne Boleyn. A sequel, “Bring Up the Bodies," was published in 2012.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.89)(www.themanbookerprize.com/news/stories/1291)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.81)
2009        Oct 6, In London the play “The Power of Yes," written by Sir David Hare, opened at the Royal National Theater.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.90)
2009        Oct 6, Chechnya's Kremlin-backed leader Ramzan Kadyrov won a defamation lawsuit against a rights activist who blamed him for the killing of a colleague whose murder sparked international outrage. Moscow's Tverskoi district court ordered Memorial rights group chairman Oleg Orlov to retract his statement that Kadyrov was responsible for Natalya Estemirova's death in 2006. Kadyrov sought 10 million rubles ($330,000) in damages, but judge Tatyana Fedosova ruled that Memorial and Orlov should only pay 70,000 rubles ($2,300 rubles).
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, In Iraq a car bomb blew up in front of a restaurant near Fallujah and killed 9 people with dozens more wounded.
    (SFC, 10/7/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 6, In Ireland the Rev. Aengus Finucane (77), a Roman Catholic missionary, died. He braved the civil war in Biafra (1967-1970) as a pioneer of Irish aid efforts worldwide. That aid effort, initially known as Concern Africa, shortened its name to Concern in 1970 as it gained ambitions to provide food, medical support and education in many of the world's poorest countries. He served as the charity's chief executive from 1981 to 1997.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, Israeli police mobilized reinforcements from across the country to secure volatile Jerusalem, deploying thousands of officers on city streets for fears that two days of clashes with Palestinian protesters would escalate.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, In Kazakhstan French President Nicolas Sarkozy scored a diplomatic coup during a visit, overseeing an agreement to allow military hardware for French forces fighting in Afghanistan to pass through Kazakh territory and clinching a raft of lucrative energy deals.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, Mongolia signed a long-awaited deal with partners Rio Tinto and Canada’s Ivanhoe Mines to develop a $4 billion Oyu Tolgoi gold and copper mine after a heated national debate over how to exploit the country's mineral wealth. In September 2011 members of parliament signed a petition asking the government to reopen negotiations on the investment agreement that set the $10 billion project in motion.
    (AP, 10/29/09)(www.ivanhoemines.com/s/Home.asp)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.79)
2009        Oct 6, Moroccan police began rounding up 276 young people and continued with an overnight crackdown on juvenile delinquency in Sale, the twin town of the capital Rabat.
    (AFP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 6, In Nepal landslides triggered by 4 days of torrential rains killed at least 34 people in various western districts.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 6, The Hamas government banned motorcycle riders from carrying women on the back seat, the latest in the militants' virtue campaign in Gaza.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 6, In Poland Mariusz Kaminski, the head of the anti-corruption office, was charged with abuse of power after a sting operation in which he encouraged his agents to fabricate documents and offer bribes.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, In Spain part of the secrecy surrounding the legal proceedings was lifted, new revelations came out, including phone conversations that had been taped by police. Francisco Correa, a Spanish businessman, faced jail as the alleged kingpin in a network of corruption at the heart of the country's main opposition group, the rightwing People's party.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9ow6cs)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.63)
2009        Oct 6, Syria held its first ever fashion design competition, meant to encourage young Syrian talents and local products.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 6, Turkish police used water cannons, tear gas and pepper spray to disperse hundreds of demonstrators protesting against the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank held in Istanbul.
    (AP, 10/6/09)
2009        Oct 6, In Yemen thousands of activists were reported taking to the streets across the south calling for independence, even as much of the central government's army is tied up fighting a Shiite rebellion in the far north.
    (AP, 10/6/09)

2009        Oct 7, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (57), Indian-born American, Yale Prof. Thomas Steitz (69) and Israeli Ada Yonath (70) won the 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry for atom-by-atom mapping of the protein-making factories within cells, a feat that has spurred the development of antibiotics. Their work on ribosomes has been fundamental to the scientific understanding of life. They will split the 10 million (US$1.4 million award).
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, The Oakland, Ca., City Council approved a BART plan to build a 3.2 mile extension to the Oakland airport.
    (SFC, 10/8/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 7, Irving Penn (b.1917), American fashion photographer, died in NYC. He began contributing to Vogue magazine in 1943. His younger brother Arthur Penn (b.1922) gained renown as a film director and producer.
    (SFC, 10/8/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 7, The war in Afghanistan entered its 9th year. In eastern Afghanistan an insurgent rocket ripped through a bus on a highway, killing two people aboard and wounding about 25. A Spanish soldier was killed when a patrol vehicle drove over a mine near the western town of Heart. American and Afghan forces battled militants in neighboring Wardak province, killing a number of insurgents.
    (AP, 10/7/09)(AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 7, Pedro Elias Zadunaisky (b.1917), Argentine astronomer and mathematician, died. His calculations helped determine the orbit of Saturn's outermost moon, Phoebe, as well as Halley's Comet.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, The first British-built Honda Jazz auto rolled off the assembly line after production was switched from Japan in a move the manufacturer hopes will end a troubled year for the factory.
    (AFP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, In Colombia machine gun-firing rebels on motorbikes attacked a prison, springing ELN guerrilla rebel chief Gustavo Anibal Giraldo. One guard was killed and another suffered multiple gunshot wounds in the daring midday raid, which ended with Giraldo fleeing on the back of a motorcycle. Giraldo was charged with kidnapping two journalists in 2003 on assignment for the Los Angeles Times. Giraldo was also charged in a US indictment unsealed in December with the 15-month kidnapping of a US helicopter mechanic.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, Egypt's antiquities department severed its ties with France's Louvre museum because it has refused to return what are described as stolen artifacts,
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, In Iraq a group of 36 Iranian opposition members were returned to Camp Ashraf, after nearly three months in Iraqi custody and despite an ongoing effort to expel them. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol in Jalula, Diyala province, killing three officers. PM Nouri al-Maliki told a group of business leaders gathered in Baghdad that Iraq's budget was strained by the number of police and soldiers needed to protect the country.
    (AP, 10/7/09)(AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 7, A top Italian court overturned a law granting Premier Berlusconi immunity from prosecution while in office. It had been pushed through by Berlusconi's coalition in 2008 when the premier faced separate trials in Milan for corruption and tax fraud tied to his Mediaset broadcasting empire.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 7, Madagascar's opposing political factions agreed to retain the coup leader as head of the transitional government, but will not allow him to run in presidential elections.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, In Nigeria the armed Niger Delta militant group MEND dismissed a government amnesty program as a "charade" and warned it would resume attacks on oil facilities once its ceasefire expires next week.
    (AFP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, Yasser Abed Rabbo, Palestinian adviser to Pres. Abbas, said the Palestinian leadership made a mistake by suspending action on a UN report on Gaza war crimes, the first such acknowledgment after days of protests in the West Bank and Gaza. In an apparent attempt at damage control, Abbas' government is now backing a request by Libya to convene the UN Security Council for an emergency session on the report.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, A Saudi court convicted Mazen Abdul-Jawad for publicly talking about sex after he bragged on a TV talk show about his exploits, sentencing him to five years in jail and 1,000 lashes. The program, which aired July 15 on the Lebanese LBC satellite channel, was seen in Saudi Arabia and scandalized conservative viewers where such frank talk is rarely heard in public.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah made his first visit to Syria since becoming monarch, the strongest indication yet of thawing relations between the two rival nations following years of tension. The 2-day talks between Abdullah and Assad focused on the need for Arab solidarity in view of the numerous challenges facing the Arab world.
    (AP, 10/7/09)(AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 7, Somali pirates in two skiffs fired on a French navy vessel after apparently mistaking it for a commercial boat. The French ship gave chase and captured five suspected pirates.
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Oct 7, In Turkey protesters hurled firebombs at banks and police and smashed shop windows in a second day of protests against the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 10/7/09)

2009        Oct 8, Herta Mueller (56) won the Nobel Prize in literature in an award seen as a nod to the 20th anniversary of communism's collapse. She was member of Romania's ethnic German minority persecuted for her critical depictions of life behind the Iron Curtain. She made her debut in 1982 with a collection of short stories titled "Niederungen," or "Nadirs," depicting the harshness of life in a small, German-speaking village in Romania. It was promptly censored by the communist government. Some of her works have been translated into English, French and Spanish, including "The Passport," "The Land of Green Plums," "Traveling on One Leg" and "The Appointment."
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, A NYC jury convicted Anthony Marshall (85), the son of Brooke Astor, of grand larceny and conspiracy in a scheme to force the socialite to change her will before she died at age 105 in 2007. Francis Morissey (66), a lawyer who worked with Marshall, was also convicted of conspiracy and forgery. On Dec 21 Marshall was sentenced one to three years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/9/09, p.A8)(SFC, 12/22/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 8, In southern California Damon Thompson (20) was arrested in a UCLA chemistry building shortly after stabbing a female student in the throat. He was booked on suspicion of attempted murder and was being held on $1 million bail. The woman underwent surgery for multiple stab wounds at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center and was in stable condition.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Arizona 21 people were taken to area hospitals with illnesses ranging from dehydration to kidney failure after being overcome while sitting in a sweat-lodge at the Angel Valley resort in Sedona. Kirby Brown (38) of Westtown, N.Y., and James Shore (40), of Milwaukee died upon arrival at a hospital. On Oct 17 Liz Neuman (49) from Minnesota died from multiple organ damage. The lodge was run by self-help guru James Arthur Ray. On Feb 3, 2010, Ray was arrested on 3 counts of manslaughter. Ray was released from state prison on July 12, 2013.
    (SFC, 10/10/09, p.A4)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A6)(AP, 10/18/09)(SFC, 2/4/10, p.A6)(SFC, 7/13/13, p.A4)
2009        Oct 8, Dr. Robert Scott (65), Oakland, Ca., AIDS specialist, died of a pulmonary embolism. He founded the AIDS Project of the East Bay in 1983 and later treated AIDS patients in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.D7)
2009        Oct 8, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber detonated his vehicle outside the Indian Embassy in the bustling center of Kabul, killing 17 people in the second major attack in the city in less than a month. The Afghan Foreign Ministry hinted at Pakistani involvement, a charge Pakistan denied.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Britain's postal workers agreed to launch a nationwide strike after months of rolling regional strikes over pay and job security. The Communication Workers Union said that 76% of more than 80,000 union members voted in favor of the action. The union was required to give seven days notice before any strike.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Canada Zakaria Amara (23), described by prosecutors as the leader of a group that planned al Qaeda-style bombings of Toronto landmarks in 2006, pleaded guilty to bomb charges, the fifth member of the so-called "Toronto 18" group to have admitted guilt or to have been found guilty.
    (Reuters, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, Leaders of the Dominican Republic and Haiti agreed to cooperate in a campaign aimed at eradicating the last vestiges of malaria from the islands of the Caribbean by 2020.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, French police arrested Adlene Hicheur, a nuclear physicist in Vienne, on suspicion that he had links to terrorist organizations in Algeria. The man had been working on analysis projects with the LHCb experiment at CERN since 2003.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AFP, 3/29/12)
2009        Oct 8, French utility group GDF Suez said it had signed a contract worth 3.0 billion dollars (2.0 billion euros) to supply electricity to subsidiaries of the Chilean electricity company EMEL.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Guatemala a series of attacks on police in Guatemala City killed two officers and wounded three.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, In India Maoist rebels killed 17 Indian policemen in the western state of Maharashtra, the latest in a series of bloody assaults by the guerrillas.
    (AFP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Indonesia controversial tycoon Aburizal Bakrie was elected to lead the Golkar party after the Suharto-era ruling party suffered its biggest electoral defeat.
    (AFP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi said he will go on TV and appear in courtrooms to prove that corruption and tax fraud charges in two trials against him are false.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Typhoon Melor tore through Japan's main island, peeling roofs off houses, cutting electricity to hundreds of thousands and forcing flight cancellations before turning back toward the sea. Two men died.
    (AP, 10/8/09)
2009        Oct 8, Former Marshall Islands president and powerful traditional chief Imata Kabua said he was challenging the treaty negotiated between the Marshall Islands government and the US covering the years after 2016 when the current lease for the missile base expires. The Compact of Free Association between the two countries approved in 2003 provides the US with use of the Reagan Test Site at Kwajalein Atoll until 2066.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 8, In Mexico unidentified assailants kidnapped and killed the top official of the border town of Palomas, across from New Mexico. Town Mayor Estanislao Garcia Santelis had long complained about the drug traffickers and migrant smugglers active around Palomas. Federal police detained Jorge Alberto Lopez Orozco (33) on a highway in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. He was transported to the neighboring state of Michoacan and held on a US extradition request. Orozco was wanted for the 2002 killings of his girlfriend and her two young sons in Idaho. Gunmen in northern Chihuahua state killed a soldier in an attack on army vehicles near the hamlet of Colonia LeBaron. Five men and seven women were detained.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 8, Nigerian officials said more than 8,000 militants who laid down arms in the troubled oil hub have so far been registered and that the number could double when the documentation is complete. The grand total was later thought to exceed 15,000.
    (AFP, 10/8/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.57)
2009        Oct 8, Romania unveiled a monument in memory of some 300,000 Jews and Gypsies killed during the Holocaust in the country, which at times denied that the extermination even happened.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 9, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to US President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Stephen Pechenik (78), the president of a San Antonio company, pleaded guilty to charges that he conspired to receive and sell petroleum stolen from Mexico's oil giant, Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex. He was the 4th Texas oil executive to plead guilty to felony charges of conspiring to receive and sell stolen petroleum condensate. Much of the Mexican oil rustling was traced to the Zetas, a criminal group founded by former military commandos.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/yjs42ms)
2009        Oct 9, Playboy magazine said Marge Simpson, the blue beehived (cartoon) matriarch of America's most loved dysfunctional family, is Playboy magazine's November cover.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, NASA smacked two spacecraft into the lunar south pole in a search for hidden ice. Instruments confirm that a large empty rocket hull barreled into the moon at 7:31 a.m., followed four minutes later by a probe with cameras taking pictures of the first crash.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Afghan and international forces killed nine Taliban in a firefight in eastern Wardak province. 2 Polish soldiers were killed when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb also in Wardak province. Four others were wounded.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Algeria 10 suspected Islamists and 3 soldiers were killed in a fierce gunbattle near the Great Erg, the world's largest sand dune, when a convoy of heavily armed militants was attacked by the Algerian army.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Brazil Wallace Souza, a former police officer and TV crime show host accused of commissioning killings to boost ratings, turned himself in to authorities in Manaus and was jailed on homicide and drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Burkina Faso's environment minister, at the opening of a special forum on climate change, said Africa needs 65 billion dollars (44 billion euros) to deal with the effects of global warming.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Czech Rep. Pres. Vaclav Klaus set out his terms for signing the Lisbon Treaty, demanding an exemption to protect Prague from post-war property claims and safeguard the sovereignty of the judiciary.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In the Dominican Rep. dozens of citizens wearing flip-flops and swim suits and carrying coolers and surfboards soaked in the sun outside Congress to protest a proposal they say will limit public access to beaches and rivers. President Leonel Fernandez and opposition leader Miguel Vargas Maldonado supported the amendment that guaranteed the right to private property along beaches and rivers, without giving any reasons.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Egypt's top Islamic cleric said that students and teachers will not be allowed to wear face veils in classrooms and dormitories of Sunni Islam's premier institute of learning, al-Azhar, part of a government effort to curb radical Islamic practices.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, France's culture minister agreed to return painted wall fragments to Egypt after a row over their ownership prompted the country to cut ties with the Louvre Museum.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Haiti 11 UN peacekeepers were killed when a CASA C-212 surveillance flight slammed into a mountain. The victims were Uruguayan and Jordanian troops serving with the 9,000-strong UN peacekeeping force that has been in Haiti since 2004.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Hungary contestants showed off breast implants, nose jobs and face lifts as Miss Plastic Hungary 2009 strove to promote the benefits of plastic surgery.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Indonesian police raided a house near the capital, shooting dead suspected al-Qaida-linked militants Syaiffudin Djaelani and his brother, Mohamad Syahrir, wanted in the suicide bombings of luxury hotels in Jakarta. Djaelani was believed to have recruited two young bombers for the July 17 strikes on the J.W. Marriott and Ritz-Carlton.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(Reuters, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 9, Amnesty Int’l. said Mohammad Reza Ali Zamani (37) was the first person to be sentenced to death in connection with the unrest in Iran following the disputed June12 elections. He was convicted of “enmity against God" through membership in a group that seeks the end of the Islamic Republic and the establishment of a monarchy.
    (SFC, 10/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 9, In Iraq Jamal Humadi, a Sunni cleric who denounced insurgents in Iraq, was killed north of Baghdad when a bomb tore through his car, the second such attack against religious officials in as many weeks.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Japanese officials said they have obtained rights to develop platinum mines in South Africa and Botswana in a bid to ensure a stable supply of the metal. The government-backed Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp. (JOGMEC) said it has signed a contract with Discovery Metals in Australia to jointly develop nickel and platinum mines in northeast Botswana. It has also inked another deal with Canadian firm Platinum Group Metals to explore for platinum in South Africa.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Mexico the mutilated body of state official Rogelio Sanchez, who authorities said was suspected of giving fake driver's licenses to drug gang members, was found hanging from a bridge in the border city of Tijuana. Sanchez was kidnapped Oct 7 as he left his home in Tijuana. Police in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero found the bodies of 10 men, all apparently shot to death. Signs left next to the bodies read: "This is what is going to happen to all thieves and extortionists." In rural western Jalisco state four suspects were killed and 17 arrested in an hours-long gun battle between members of a criminal gang and soldiers and police.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, Myanmar's detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was granted a rare meeting with top Western diplomats to discuss sanctions imposed on the military-ruled nation.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In southeastern Nigeria some 70-80 people died when a petroleum tanker truck exploded and set nine other vehicles alight on a road. At least five minibuses packed with up to 18 passengers each and two cars were incinerated by the fireball. The truck had toppled and leaked into a deep pothole and then exploded after a car crashed into it.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Pakistan a massive suicide car bomb ripped through a packed market in Peshawar, killing 53 people, including 9 children, and injured over 100. The government vowed to launch a new offensive in Waziristan in the wake of the massive bombing.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 9, In the northern Philippines driving rain on the heels of back-to-back storms triggered dozens of landslides across, burying more than 225 people, washing away villages and leaving almost an entire province under water.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Vyacheslav Ivankov (69), a Russian crime boss who spent nearly 10 years in a US prison, died in a Moscow hospital, two months after being shot several times coming out of a restaurant on July 28. He was arrested by the FBI in 1995 and convicted of trying to extort millions of dollars from an investment firm run by Russian emigres in New York. He was extradited to Russia from the US in 2004 to face murder charges, but was acquitted.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Somalia an Islamist spokesman says gunmen have killed Ahmed Abdurahamn Odawa, aka "Taliban," a senior member of Somalia's insurgency in Mogadishu. Odawa's bodyguard and a nearby civilian were also killed. Three people were killed and six injured in a separate incident in the central Somali village of Bacda. 6 masked men used machetes to carry out amputations on three young men accused of robbery by a Somali Islamist court in Kismayo.
    (AP, 10/9/09)(AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, Jacques Chessex (b.1934), one of French-speaking Switzerland's leading novelists and the first non-Frenchman to receive the prestigious Prix Goncourt, died. He was honored in 1973 with the Prix Goncourt literary award for his novel "L'ogre" ("The Ogre"), a largely autobiographical account of a difficult father-son relationship.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 9, The US Peace Corps’ country director in Turkmenistan said the Central Asian nation has denied entry to 47 Peace Corps volunteers. A diplomatic note from the embassy said that they would be invited next year, but not for this year.
    (AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Oct 9, In Vietnam a judge in Haiphong sentenced 9 activists up to six years for hanging democracy banners and other acts against the state, prompting tears and condemnation from relatives. Some of the activists were linked to an outlawed pro-democracy grouping called Bloc 8406. Nguyen Xuan Nghia (60), the alleged leader of six activists, received the heaviest penalty of six years in prison followed by three years of house arrest.
    (AFP, 10/9/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.55)

2009        Oct 10, Christy Harp of Jackson township, Ohio, won the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers annual weigh-off with a world record 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)
2009        Oct 10, In Idaho a bus carrying a high school marching band went off of I-15 killing one adult and injuring several students.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A9)
2009        Oct 10, In Louisiana 2 Cessna 150s, each carrying 2 people, collided near Pineville Regional Airport, killing 2 and injuring 2.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 10, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed the district police chief and district governor of Shah Khil in Paktika province. A US service member died of wounds suffered in a bombing in southern Afghanistan. In Helmand province the Afghan army killed four insurgents in Garmser district. In eastern Khost province, a police car was struck by a roadside bomb but none of its passengers was injured. However, shrapnel also hit a nearby car, killing a 12-year-old girl and wounding three other civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)(AP, 10/10/09)(AFP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, Argentina's Senate overwhelmingly approved a law that transformed the nation's media landscape. President Cristina Kirchner said she would sign it immediately. The new law preserved two-thirds of the radio and TV spectrum for noncommercial stations, and required channels to use more Argentine content. It also forced Grupo Clarin, the country's leading media company, to sell off many of its properties.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Armenia and Turkey signed a deal in Switzerland to establish diplomatic ties ending a century of enmity. To take effect, the agreements must be ratified by the Turkish and Armenian parliaments, but it faced stiff opposition in both countries.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, British police in fluorescent jackets stood between hundreds of anti-Islam protesters and anti-racist counter-demonstrators in Manchester, arresting 48 people in a bid to keep the peace.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, In Cambodia an overloaded river ferry capsized on its way to a Buddhist ceremony in Kratie province, killing 17 passengers in a tributary of the Mekong River.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, China, Japan and South Korea held a 3-way summit in Beijing.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.43)
2009        Oct 10, A Chinese court sentenced a man to death for his role in the June 26 toy factory brawl that sparked riots in western Xinjiang region that left almost 200 dead. Xinhua News said Xiao Jianhua was given death and Xu Qiqi was given life in prison on charges of intentionally harming others. Their names suggest they are members of the Han majority.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi accused Eritrea of sowing havoc in the region as Addis Ababa reiterated calls for sanctions over Asmara's alleged support for Somalia's rebels.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, The French military fired on pirates in the Indian Ocean to protect two tuna fishing vessels.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, In Guatemala City gunmen opened fire on a patrol car killing one police officer and wounding 3 others. Assailants attacked another squad car hours later in the capital, wounding three officers.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 10, Honduras' interim leaders put in place new rules that threatened broadcasters with closure for airing reports that "attack national security," further restricting media freedom following the closure of two opposition stations.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Iran’s ISNA  news agency reported that 3 defendants in the mass trial of opposition figures accused of fueling the country's postelection unrest have been sentenced to death. Two of them were convicted of membership in a monarchist group seeking to topple Iran's Islamic Republic and restore a monarchy. A third defendant was convicted of having ties to a terrorist group for his alleged links to the People's Mujahedeen.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, It was reported that local Iraqi authorities have outlawed alcohol in the province of Najaf, home to the holiest Shiite city, saying it contradicts the principles of Islam. The Najaf provincial council's decision followed a similar measure taken in August by authorities in Basra.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Japan said it has suspended beef shipments from an American meatpacking plant after finding cattle parts banned under an agreement to prevent the spread of mad cow disease. The suspension only affected Tyson's factory in Lexington, Nebraska, one of 46 meatpacking plants approved to export beef to Japan.
    (AP, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Madagascar's outgoing prime minister refused to quit, endangering a power-sharing agreement brokered by mediators to keep peace on the island. Monja Roindefo said he does not acknowledge the mediators' appointment on Oct 6 of Eugene Mangalaza as a prime minister in the transitional government. Members of the transitional government confirmed Eugene Mangalaza.
    (AP, 10/10/09)(AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon dispatched over 1,000 federal policemen to occupy the offices of Luz y Fuerza del Centro, the state-owned electricity distributor for Mexico City and its surroundings. The Federal Electricity Commission, which provides service to the rest of the country, took over for Luz y Fuerza, which had been established in 1994 by presidential decree. The company’s fat salaries and pensions cost the government some $3 billion a year and lost 30% of its power thru illicit connections and technical failures. 
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.50)
2009        Oct 10, In Pakistan 5 militants took hostages after they and about four other assailants attacked the army headquarters in Rawalpindi, killing six soldiers, including a brigadier and a lieutenant colonel.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 10, Polish President Lech Kaczynski signed the EU’s reform treaty, the Lisbon Treaty, into law, leaving the Czech Republic as the only country still to ratify the document.
    (Reuters, 10/10/09)
2009        Oct 10, Stephen Gately (33), a singer with the Irish boy band Boyzone, died while visiting Spain’s island of Mallorca. He made headlines a decade ago when he came out as gay. An autopsy revealed that he died of excess fluid in his lungs due to acute pulmonary edema.
    (AP, 10/11/09)(AFP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 10, Zimbabwe's central bank chief said the government has frozen Nestle's local accounts and ordered an audit after Nestle stopped buying milk from a farm owned by President Robert Mugabe's wife.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 11, Thousands of gay and lesbian activists marched from the White House to the Capitol, demanding that President Barack Obama keep his promises to allow gays to serve openly in the military and allow same-sex marriages.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed the Sargent Shriver Civil Counsel Act to provide legal aid to low-income residents. The modern movement to offer legal services to low-income people was spearheaded by Sargent Shriver in 1966, aided by the American Bar Association.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ybgj3etb)(SSFC, 11/26/17, p.E7)
2009        Oct 11, California Senate Bill 94 was enacted into law making it illegal in California for any person or business to demand, charge, or collect any advance or upfront fee for loan modification work or services.
2009        Oct 11, Afghan and US forces killed 16 insurgents in an overnight operation in eastern Kunar province.
    (AFP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, In eastern Bangladesh Rasu Miah (40), who was being questioned about a theft, surprised a court by confessing to killing 11 women in the past three years after a woman refused to marry him. Miah told a magistrate in his home town of Chandpur that 15 years ago he decided to kill at least 101 women after a woman he loved refused to marry him.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 11, In Brazil an intense fire broke out in a slum in Sao Paulo, South America's largest city, sending residents running across rooftops to escape the flames.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 11, Alan Peters (76), British master furniture maker, died.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.80)
2009        Oct 11, Chinese state media reported that more than 50,000 people in southern Guangdong province are suffering from water shortages as a spreading drought has left farmers' fields dry and cracked.
    (AFP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, In Iraq a series of bombings killed at least 19 people and wounded 60 in Ramadi, Anbar province.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), an IRA splinter group responsible for some of the most notorious killings of the Northern Ireland conflict, renounced violence and signaled it could hand over weapons soon to disarmament officials.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, Pakistani commandos freed dozens of hostages held by militants at the army's own headquarters in Rawalpindi, ending a bloody, 22-hour drama that embarrassed the nation's military as it plans a new offensive against al-Qaida and the Taliban. The standoff killed 23 people including 9 militants and 14 others. 42 hostages were freed. The military launched two airstrikes on suspected militant targets in South Waziristan, ending a five day lull in attacks there and killing at least five militants. In 2011 a military court found seven men guilty of involvement in the Rawalpindi attack and sentenced one of them, a retired soldier, to death.
    (AP, 10/11/09)(AP, 10/12/09)(AP, 8/13/11)
2009        Oct 11, In the southern Philippines 6 gunmen, believed to be Islamic militants, kidnapped Michael Sinnott, a 78-year-old Irish priest near Pagadian. They later demanded $2 million for his release. Sinnott was freed on Nov 12. Irish and Filipino authorities said neither country paid any of the kidnappers' $2 million ransom demand.
    (AFP, 10/11/09)(AP, 10/31/09)(AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Oct 11, The United Russia party won an overwhelming victory in more than 7,000 local elections in 75 of Russia's 83 regions. In Moscow, the party won all but three seats on the 35-member city council. United Russia served as a power base for PM Vladimir Putin, who has not ruled out a return to the presidency in 2012.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 11, The Russian Soyuz capsule carrying Cirque du Soleil founder Guy Laliberte and two other space travelers landed safely in Kazakhstan, ending the entertainment tycoon's mirthful space odyssey.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, Four Sudanese who face the death penalty for killing a US diplomat dismissed their defense team, denounced the trial as political and labeled the United States murderers of Muslims. John Granville (33), who worked for the US Agency for International Development, and his driver, Abdelrahman Abbas Rahama (39), were killed Jan 1, 2008.
    (Reuters, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, In Thailand thousands of supporters of deposed PM Thaksin Shinawatra, all in red shirts, rallied in Bangkok to demand the government step down and call fresh elections.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, Turkish PM Erdogan called on Armenia to withdraw from the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, saying that a deal to establish diplomatic ties, signed a day earlier, cannot come into force until that happens.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, Pope Benedict XVI canonized five new saints, including Father Damien, a 19th-century priest who worked with leprosy patients on a Hawaiian island; Zygmunt Szcezesny Felinski, a 19th-century Polish bishop who defended the Catholic faith during the years of the Russian annexation; Spaniards Francisco Coll y Guitart, who founded an order of Dominicans in the 19th century, and Rafael Arniaz Baron, who renounced an affluent lifestyle at age 22 to live a humble life in a strict monastery and dedicate himself to prayer; and Jeanne Jugan (d.1879), a French nun, who helped found the Little Sisters of the Poor.
    (AP, 10/11/09)
2009        Oct 11, In Venezuela 12 men were kidnapped from a field where they were playing soccer. On Oct 25 the bodies of 10 of the men, most of them Colombians, were found with multiple spots in western Tachira state. A single survivor, Manuel Cortez (19) of Colombia, was shot in the neck.
    (AP, 10/26/09)

2009        Oct 12, Americans Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012) and Oliver Williamson (b.1932) won the Nobel economics prize for their work in economic governance. Ostrom, the first woman to win the Nobel prize for economics, specialized in the study of common resource pools.
    (AP, 10/12/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.92)(Econ, 6/30/12, p.94)
2009        Oct 12, Don Young of Des Moines, Iowa, won the 39th Half Moon Bay Art & Pumpkin Festival with his 1,658-pound pumpkin. It broke the year-old record of 1,528 pounds. His first prize of $9,948 came out to $6 per pound. The world record had just been set on Oct 10 in Ohio by a 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
    (SFC, 10/13/09, p.C1)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)
2009        Oct 12, In SF Eric Buschman (49) was stabbed to death on the 300 block of Athens Street in the Excelsior District. On Oct 22 police arrested Charlie Fonilloa Sekona (20), man who had been put into a mental health program for assaulting a Costco worker, as a suspect. Police believed the stabbing was random.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.C1)
2009        Oct 12, Afghanistan's election watchdog changed its fraud-tallying rules for the second time in less than a week, switching back to a formula that lowers the chance of overturning President Hamid Karzai's first-round win. Under the new rules the commission will not take into account which candidate it finds benefited most from any fraud. One of the two Afghans on the UN-backed commission looking into vote fraud in the August presidential election resigned, citing interference by foreigners.
    (Reuters, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown announced on Monday a 16-billion-pound sale of state assets including a rail link between London and the Channel Tunnel to cut soaring debt caused by economic crisis.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, A court in China's far western Xinjiang region sentenced six men to death for murder and other crimes committed during ethnic riots that killed nearly 200 people. A seventh man was given life imprisonment.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Yoani Sanchez, a Cuban blogger, was denied government permission to travel to New York to receive a top journalism prize. She has become an international sensation for offering frank criticism of her country's communist system. In May Cuban authorities had denied Sanchez permission to fly to Madrid to accept the Ortega y Gasset Prize in digital journalism for creating her Generation Y blog (2007), which gets more than 1 million hits a month. Around the same time, Time magazine deemed Sanchez one of the world's 100 most influential people.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Gabon's constitutional court said Ali Bongo, the son of the country's longtime dictator, won the Aug. 30 presidential elections that opposition candidates said were fraudulent.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Italy Mohamed Game (35), a Libyan, hurled a home-made bomb at the Santa Barbara police barracks in Milan, losing his hand from the blast and slightly wounding a policeman on duty outside. Game had lived in Italy since 2003 and had never been a suspect. Italian police detained two more suspects and found a large quantity of bomb-making chemicals during overnight searches.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)(AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 12, North Korea test-fired five short-range missiles off its east coast and banned ships from the area from October 10-20.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Pakistan a teenage suicide car bombing targeting troops killed 45 people, including 6 security people,  in northwest Shangla district as the Taliban pledged to mobilize fighters across the country for more strikes.
    (AP, 10/12/09)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.34)
2009        Oct 12, Russian PM Vladimir Putin landed in China in an effort to bolster energy, political and military ties between the former rival nations turned strategic partners.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Senegal cyclist Frank Vandenbroucke (34) was on holiday when he was found dead in his room. Belgian cycling officials said his death was caused by a lung embolism. Vandenbroucke won the weeklong Paris-Nice spring race in 1998 and the Liege-Bastogne-Liege classic a year later before his career was marred by a doping scandal.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 12, A Sudanese court sentenced 4 Islamists to death for a 2nd time for the murder of a US diplomat John Granville and his driver in Khartoum last year. The sentencing came after the mother of John Granville, who worked with the US Agency for Int’l. Development (USAID), and the wife of driver Abdel Rahman Abbas both demanded the men be executed.
    (AFP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, Syria's Pres. Bashar Assad issued a decree banning smoking in public places, joining an anti-smoking trend already under way in other Arab countries. The decree will go into effect in six months and ban smoking in restaurants, cafes, cinemas, theaters, schools, official functions and on public transport. Offenders will be fined 2,000 Syrian pounds, about $45.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, The United Arab Emirates' highest court convicted an American citizen on terrorism-related charges amid claims that torture was used to extract a confession. The court sentenced Naji Hamdan (43) to 18 months in prison, but he should be freed soon because the sentence counts time served and he was detained last year. Hamdan was arrested in the UAE in August 2008 and charged in June 2009 with supporting terrorism, working with terrorist organizations and being a member of a terrorist group.
    (AP, 10/12/09)
2009        Oct 12, In Venezuela thousands of people congregated for candlelit rituals on a remote mountainside where adherents make an annual pilgrimage to pay homage to an indigenous goddess known as Maria Lionza. The traditions, hundreds of years old, draw on elements of the Afro-Caribbean religion Santeria and indigenous rituals, as well as Catholicism. Believers often ask for spiritual healing or protection from witchcraft, or thank the goddess for curing an illness.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 12, Nestle said its Zimbabwe banking is back to normal just days after newspapers reported that the government froze their accounts and ordered an audit after the company stopped buying milk from a farm owned by President Robert Mugabe's wife.
    (AP, 10/12/09)

2009        Oct 13, It was reported that the FBI has begun using facial-recognition technology on millions of motorists comparing driver’s license photos with pictures of convicts. The project in North Carolina had already helped nab at least one suspect.
    (SFC, 10/13/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 13, The Missouri Dept. of Revenue sent letters to 140 yoga and Pilates telling them they must collect sales tax on fees for their classes and services.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 13, American International Group said it would sell its Taiwan unit for 2.15 billion US dollars as the insurance giant raised money to pay off a huge US government bail-out loan.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Record one-day rain fell in the SF Bay area with 2.64 inches recorded in San Francisco. It was the worst October storm since 1962 and knocked out power for 193,000.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 13, Montana wildlife commissioners shut down gray wolf hunting in backcountry adjacent to Yellowstone National Park after 9 wolves were killed in recent weeks. The statewide quota was kept at 75.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 13, In Ohio a woman being driven around in a rented limousine pulled up at a Burlington coat store and announced she'd won the lottery and would pay for everyone's purchases. Linda Brown (44) ended up causing a riot when customers realized it was a hoax. When the limousine driver realized he wasn't going to be paid the $900 Brown owed him for the day's rental, he turned her in to police.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 13, China and Russia signed a framework agreement that could see a steady flow of natural gas to energy-hungry China from its resource-rich neighbor.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, China’s Xinhua state news agency said 968 children in central China have tested positive for lead poisoning in the latest environmental scandal to erupt in the nation's smelting industry. Residents in Jiyuan city, Henan province, had protested over pollution from three local smelters last month.
    (AFP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Activists from Congo, Rene Ngongo (48), and New Zealand, Alyn Ware (47), and an Ethiopia-based doctor from Australia, Catherine Hamlin (85), won the Right Livelihood Award, also known as the "alternative Nobel," for work to protect rain forests, improve women's health and rid the world of nuclear weapons. The honorary part of the award, without prize money, went to Canadian environmentalist David Suzuki (73) for raising awareness of climate change. Each will receive euro50,000 (US$74,000).
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, A report by a coalition of 84 organizations said more than 1,000 civilians have been killed and nearly 900,000 displaced in eastern Congo by Rwandan Hutu militiamen and Congolese forces since January.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, French soldiers in the Indian Ocean opened fire on pirates, warding off an attack on two French tuna fishing vessels off the Seychelles Islands.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, A German court convicted two men of supporting a radical Islamic group with links to al-Qaida and sentenced them to prison terms. It sentenced Omid Shirkhani, a German of Afghan background, to two years and nine months in prison; and co-defendant Huseyin Ozgun, a Turk, to a year and two months. The court found that both had links to Adem Yilmaz, a Turk living in Germany who is currently on trial over plans to attack US targets in Germany.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Guinea's military government said it has signed a $7 billion mining agreement with a Chinese company. Guinea is the world's largest producer of bauxite, the raw material used to make aluminum, and also produces diamonds and gold. The Hong Kong-based syndicate, China Int’l. Fund or China Sonangol, transferred $100 million to the cash-strapped junta.
    (AP, 10/13/09)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.23)
2009        Oct 13, Iraqi lawmakers approved the return of a limited number of British troops to Iraq to help protect the country's southern oil ports, an area where Iraq is lagging in its ability to provide security. The Iraqi Human Rights Ministry released a report as part of a larger study on the country's human rights situation, saying 85,694 people were killed from 2004-08, and 147,195 were wounded during the same period that followed the US-led invasion. UNESCO said drought has forced more than 100,000 people in northern Iraq to abandon their homes since 2005, with 36,000 more on the verge of leaving.
    (AP, 10/13/09)(AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 13, Rev. Franklin Graham, the son of veteran US evangelist Billy Graham, arrived in North Korea to deliver aid to the impoverished country more than six months after the isolated regime kicked out all American humanitarian groups. Franklin Graham served as the head of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and the aid agency Samaritan's Purse, which have provided more than $10 million in aid to the North since 1997.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Pakistani jets bombed militant targets in the main insurgent stronghold along the Afghan border ahead of an expected ground offensive there. Helicopter gunship attacks killed 26 insurgents in Bajur. Terrorists fired 31 rockets" at a convoy of security forces in South Waziristan.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party accepted Egypt's plan for separate signings of a reconciliation deal with Hamas after the Islamist group balked at attending a unity ceremony.
    (Reuters, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants hit southern Israel.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 13, Romania's government fell in a confidence vote in Parliament. Lawmakers said it failed to improve the economy after going into recession following 3 years of growth. A total of 254 parliamentary deputies and senators voted to oust PM Emil Boc, more than the 236 needed, and 176 voted against. Under the constitution it was up to Pres. Traian Basescu to name a new prime minister.
    (AP, 10/13/09)
2009        Oct 13, In Saudi Arabia a shootout between Saudi security forces and al-Qaida militants near, two of whom were disguised as women and wearing explosives belts, left two of the militants and a soldier dead near the southern Yemen border. One of the assailants, Abdullah Hassan Tali Assiri, was captured. The two al-Qaida militants killed were planning to carry out a massive attack. 6 Yemeni accomplices. who were coordinating with the two militants, Youssef al-Shihri and Raed al-Harbi, were later arrested.
    (AP, 10/14/09)(AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 13, In South Africa police fired tear gas and rubber bullets, wounding several protesters demanding better sanitation, electricity and housing in impoverished black townships. Tires burned and rubbish littered the streets of Standerton, 150 km (90 miles) south-east of Johannesburg, and shops were closed after thousands of people marched on the municipal offices in the town from nearby Sakhile township.
    (Reuters, 10/13/09)

2009        Oct 14, President Barack Obama called for a second round of $250 stimulus payments for seniors, veterans, retired railroad workers and people with disabilities. The payments would be equal to about a 2% increase for the average Social Security recipient, who will not receive a cost of living increase next year. Obama visited New Orleans and listened to continued fallout from Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 10/15/09)(SFC, 10/16/09, p.A16)
2009        Oct 14, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton wrapped up a European tour by calling on Russia to uphold human rights and prevent attacks on activists who challenge the Kremlin.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, The IRS filed a lien with the Alameda County recorder’s office naming Oakland, Ca., Mayor Ron Dellums (73), who failed to pay taxes over a 3-year period. A lien was also filed in Washington, DC, on Oct 22, where Dellums and his wife owned a house in the Foxhall Crescent neighborhood.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 14, In San Francisco a Safeway truck flopped across 4 lanes of the upper Bay Bridge at the new s-curve, tying up traffic for hours. The CHP had already logged 20 accidents eastbound on the curve and 8 accidents westbound since it opened on Sep 8.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 14, Bruce Wasserstein (b.1947), CEO of Lazard Lt., died. He took Lazard Freres. & Co. public (2005) and became CEO of the company in May 2005.
    (SFC, 10/15/09, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Wasserstein)
2009        Oct 14, Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian arrived in Turkey to attend a World Cup football game as the two nations pressed ahead with painstaking efforts to overcome a bloody history.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, British PM Gordon Brown ordered hundreds more troops to Afghanistan, pledging to bolster the international effort on the condition that Britain's allies also do their fair share to support the war effort. He said Britain's overall contribution would rise to 9,500 troops, an increase of about 500.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, A security summit between China, Russia and their Central Asian neighbors wrapped up in Beijing with vague promises to deepen economic cooperation but no public mention of regional flashpoints like Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, A hot air balloon crashed in a southern Chinese resort town with dramatic limestone formations, killing four Dutch tourists.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, The Democratic Republic of Congo said it had agreed with Angola to halt tit-for-tat expulsions of each other's citizens as victims told of being subjected to brutal rapes and lootings when they were thrown out by Luanda.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, In Iraq a government spokesman said the PM has suspended classes and banned political activities at one of Baghdad's leading universities following student protests on campus. Attacks took place in Baghdad and the holy Shiite city of Karbala, where three bombs exploded near simultaneously. At least 12 people were killed and more than 50 wounded.
    (AP, 10/14/09)(AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 14, Israeli military aircraft struck two smuggling tunnels along the Gaza Strip border in response to a rocket fired by Palestinian militants the previous day. Gaza health officials said four people were slightly injured in the attack.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Israel's foreign minister has ordered ministry officials to summon Turkey's ambassador in Israel and protest to him over a Turkish TV series that reportedly portrays Israeli soldiers murdering children.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled that the governor of southern Oaxaca state is responsible for rights abuses during 2006 protests that paralyzed Oaxaca and left least a dozen people dead.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Pakistani jets pounded suspected militant hide-outs along the Afghan border. Officials said some 200,000 civilians have fled South Waziristan in anticipation of an expected military offensive. Estimates of the population there hover around 500,000.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, In Paraguay human rights activists gained access to a dictatorship-era military archive that appears to contain long-held secrets about Paraguay's persecution of opponents during Alfredo Stroessner's 1954-1989 rule.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, In Puerto Rico labor unions called for an island-wide strike and a march near the capital to protest government layoffs in Puerto Rico, where more than 20,000 public employees have been dismissed as the island struggles to pull out of a three-year recession.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 14, In South Korea Rev. Sun Myung Moon (89) married thousands of couples in the Unification Church's largest mass wedding in a decade and potentially the last for the leader. More than 20,000 people gathered at Sun Moon University campus in Asan, south of Seoul, for the "blessing ceremony" while some 20,000 more joined simultaneous ceremonies in the US, Brazil, Australia and elsewhere. The spectacle came as Moon, the church's controversial founder, moved to hand day-to-day leadership over to his 3 sons and daughter.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, Dozens of Russian lawmakers staged a rare walkout from parliament to protest what they and independent monitors describe as rigged local elections across Russia.
    (AP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, It was reported that Swiss researchers have found that Alpine glaciers melting under the impact of climate change are releasing highly toxic pollutants that had been absorbed by the ice for decades.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)
2009        Oct 14, A Zimbabwe court ordered ministerial nominee Roy Bennett, a close aide to PM Morgan Tsvangirai, back to jail until his terrorism trial begins next week. Bennett was accused of possessing arms for the purposes of banditry, terrorism and inciting acts of insurgency.
    (AFP, 10/14/09)

2009        Oct 15, Pres. Obama visited San Francisco for a Democratic Party fundraiser.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 15, Prosecutors in San Francisco filed a mail-fraud charge against Roberto Heckscher (55), owner of Irving Bookkeeping and Taxes on Irving Street, alleging that he began operating a Ponzi scheme in 1979 that defrauded investors of over $20 million.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.D4)
2009        Oct 15, In Colorado the flight of a home-made helium balloon touched off a frantic rescue attempt for the young boy thought to be aboard. It was later determined to have been a publicity-seeking hoax. On Nov 13 parents Richard and Mayumi Heene pleaded guilty to charges related to the hoax. In late December a judge sentenced Richard Heene to 90 days in jail, including 60 days of work release that will let him pursue work as a construction contractor while doing his time. Mayumi Heene was sentenced to 20 days in jail. In 2020 Gov. Jared Polis granted full and unconditional pardons to Richard and Mayumi Heene.
    (Reuters, 10/19/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A8)(AP, 12/23/09)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.A4)(SFC, 12/26/20, p.A5)
2009        Oct 15, A US warship seized about four tons of hashish being transported aboard a boat off the Horn of Africa. The guided missile cruiser USS Anzio stopped the skiff after a brief chase in the Gulf of Aden.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 15, Colleen R. LaRose (46), a self-described "Jihad Jane," was arrested in Philadelphia. LaRose was later accused, in an indictment filed March 9, 2010, of actively recruiting fighters, as well as agreeing to murder Swedish artist Lars Vilks, marry a terrorism suspect so he could move to Europe and martyr herself if necessary.
    (AP, 3/10/10)
2009        Oct 15, Two F-16 planes collided around 8:30 p.m. about 40 miles off Folly Beach, near Charleston, SC. One jet, piloted by Capt. Lee Bryant, landed safely at Charleston Air Force Base. The missing plane was piloted by Capt. Nicholas Giglio.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 15, Google Inc. said it is launching a new online service for booksellers next year called Google Editions, which will let readers buy books and read them on gadgets ranging from cell phones to possibly e-book devices.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, It was reported that the Taj network, funded by the National Science Foundation, now connects India, Singapore, Vietnam and Egypt to the larger Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development (GLORIAD) global infrastructure, and "dramatically improves existing US network links with China and the Nordic region," according to an NSF statement.
2009        Oct 15, In Palo Alto, Ca., the body of Jennifer Schipsi (29) was found in a rented cottage on the 900 block of Addison Ave. Bulos “Paul" Zumot (36), her on-and-off boyfriend was arrested on Oct 19 on charges of murder and setting a fire to cover the slaying.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.D4)
2009        Oct 15, In southern Afghanistan 4 American troops died in a bombing, as a UN-backed panel completed most of its investigation into whether the level of fraud in the August presidential election would require a runoff.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 15, The far-right British National Party agreed to change its constitution to let nonwhite people become members.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, China’s Premier Wen Jiabao said that China intends to strengthen its cooperation with Iran, an indication Beijing would oppose growing calls in the West for additional sanctions against the Islamic regime for its nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, A Chinese court handed out a further three death sentences to people convicted of violent crimes during ethnic rioting in far western Xinjiang region in July in which almost 200 people died. The court also sentenced three defendants to suspended death sentences, which could be commuted to life sentences in two years. At least two of those sentenced were Han Chinese. The others all appeared to be Uighurs.
    (Reuters, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, Top EU and South Korean trade officials signed a free trade deal which the EU said could boost trade between the two by euro19 billion ($28 billion).
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, A French court turned down a bid by Fabienne Justel, a 39-year-old widow, to retrieve her late husband's frozen sperm in order to have his child by insemination in another country. A French law prohibited post-mortem insemination.
    (AFP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki warned Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan to stop conducting military operations across Iraq's northern border targeting Kurdish rebels and stressed that Iraq's sovereignty can not be violated. The two met in Baghdad and were to sign agreements boosting economic ties between their countries. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol in Baghdad, killing one Iraqi soldier.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, Italy and NATO denied a newspaper report that the Italian intelligence secretly paid the Taliban thousands of dollars to maintain peace in an area in Afghanistan that was under Italian control. The Times of London had just reported that Italy had paid "tens of thousands of dollars" to Taliban commanders and warlords in the Surobi district. It accused Rome of failing to inform its allies about the payments and of misleading the French, who took over the Surobi district in mid-2008, into thinking the area was quiet and safe. An ambush of the French in a mountain pass on Aug. 18, 2008, was the biggest single combat loss for international forces in Afghanistan in more than three years.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, Libya freed 88 Islamists with Al-Qaeda links from Abu Slim prison in Tripoli. Lawyers said "45 members of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) and 43 members of other jihadist groups were freed thanks to the efforts of the Islamic Foundation," in a joint statement with the Foundation, headed by Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi's son Seif al-Islam.
    (AFP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, In Mexico some 33,000 people marched to protest President Felipe Calderon's weekend decision to disband Luz y Fuerza, a public electricity company that provided electricity to Mexico City and the surrounding area. Police officers found the decapitated bodies of 9 men in an abandoned pickup truck on a highway in the drug-plagued Mexican state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 15, Nigeria’s central bank said ex-vice president Atiku Abubakar is among more than 600 debtors owing five troubled banks some 450 billion naira (2.96 billion dollars, 2 billion euros). Abubakar, who was deputy to former president Olusegun Obasanjo (1999-2007), owed Spring Bank 111.15 million naira (731,490 dollars, 491,592 euros). The CBN also listed billionaire tycoon Aliko Dangote (52) and Mohammed Buba Marwa, Nigeria's ambassador to South Africa, as major debtors.
    (AFP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, Nigeria's most high-profile armed group MEND threatened to resume attacks on the country's oil sector when a unilateral ceasefire lapses at midnight.
    (AFP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, In Pakistan teams of gunmen launched coordinated attacks on three law enforcement facilities in the eastern city of Lahore killing 18 people including 11 insurgents. A car bombs hit northwest Kohat killing 11 people, including 3 police officers and 8 civilians. Another car bomb in Peshawar killed 10 people, mostly women and children. A total of 39 people were killed in the escalating wave of anti-government violence. A suspected US missile strike killed 4 alleged militants.
    (AP, 10/15/09)(SFC, 10/15/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 15, In Paraguay Fidel Zavala, a wealthy rancher, was kidnapped by the guerrilla group, known as the EPP for its initials in Spanish. It soon demanded $5 million for his release, purportedly to finance what the band calls a revolutionary movement for the poor. Zavala was released following a ransom payment after 94 days.
    (AP, 1/12/10)(Econ, 5/15/10, p.42)
2009        Oct 15, A Philippine military tribunal acquitted 11 officers of plotting a foiled Feb, 2006, coup against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, In Puerto Rico thousands of demonstrators swarmed the financial hub of San Juan, blocking highways and setting fires in the streets of the capital to protest massive layoffs of government workers. Gov. Luis Fortuno has said the dismissal of more than 20,000 public employees was necessary to close a $3.2 billion deficit and pull the economy out of a 3-year recession.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, South African police fired rubber bullets at residents in Diepsloot, a poor settlement north of Johannesburg, injuring 19 people protesting poor living standards. The protests have spread from Standerton, about 90 miles (150km) southeast of Johannesburg, to at least four other towns in eastern South Africa this week.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, The Syrian-based leadership of the militant Palestinian Hamas said it has rejected an Egyptian-mediated proposal to reconcile with the rival Fatah group. Hamas and seven other Damascus-based Palestinian factions issued a joint statement saying the reconciliation plan must be revised to include a reference to the Palestinian right to resist Israeli occupation.
    (AP, 10/15/09)
2009        Oct 15, Turkish police detained over 30 suspects allegedly linked to Al-Qaida, saying they were planning to stage attacks on NATO facilities as well as US and Israeli missions.
    (SFC, 10/16/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 16, President Barack Obama signed the Kerry-Lugar-Berman bill, a 7.5 billion dollar aid package for Pakistan, after the US Congress acted to placate critics in the strife-torn nation who warned it violated Pakistani sovereignty. The aid legislation insisted that the civilian government of Pakistan control the army.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.33)(Econ, 2/11/12, SR p.7)
2009        Oct 16, US federal prosecutors unveiled a broad criminal case against billionaire hedge fund manager Raj Rajaratnam, head of Galleon Partners in Manhattan, and 5 others accused of netting over $20 million by trading based on insider information. Investigators had used wiretaps to gain evidence. The trial of Rajaratnam opened on March 8, 2011, as the case grew to involved 22.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.D1)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.83)
2009        Oct 16, Two US civil and constitutional rights groups called for Keith Bardwell, a justice of the peace in Louisiana, to resign for refusing to issue a marriage license to an interracial couple. Bardwell held that most interracial marriages failed and had told the couple to go seek another justice of the peace.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 16, In Daly City, Ca., a 5-day event to help struggling borrowers drew thousands to the Cow Palace to the Save the Dream tour sponsored by the Neighborhood Assistance Corp. of America, a non-profit aimed at helping people modify their home loans.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 16, Bank of America Corp. said it lost more than $2.2 billion in the third quarter as loan losses kept rising, providing further evidence that consumers are still struggling to pay their bills. The nation's second-largest bank said it wrote down loans on its books by almost $10 billion during the July-September period, up almost $1 billion from the second quarter.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Four Afghans, including at least two civilians, died during a firefight between militants and a joint international-Afghan force in Ghazni province. IED bomb attacks claimed the lives of 3 US soldiers. An air strike killed 20 militants in Urgun district, in southern Paktika province. 5 militants were killed in an Afghan army commando operation in the Gereshk district of Helmand province. In Sangin district, also in Helmand, one Afghan soldier was killed and another injured during a small-arms attack.
    (AP, 10/16/09)    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In Australia 5 Muslim men were convicted of plotting the country’s largest terrorist conspiracy as part of a bid to force the government to change its policy on Middle East conflicts. The men, aged 25-44, were arrested in a series of raids on their homes in 2005. On Feb 15, 2010, the 5 men were sentenced to 23 to 28 years in prison for stockpiling explosive chemicals and firearms for terrorist attacks on unspecified targets.
    (AP, 10/16/09)(AP, 2/15/10)
2009        Oct 16, Bosnia's war crimes court jailed Milorad Trbic (51), a former Serb army captain, for 30 years for killing dozens and taking part in the persecution and detention of thousands during the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre of some 8,000 Muslims. The court acquitted Trbic of genocide charges due to lack of evidence.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Botswana held parliamentary elections. On Oct 18 the independent electoral commission announced that the governing party, which has been in power for more than four decades, once again swept the elections. The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) won 45 out of the 57 seats. This paved the way for legislators to select incumbent President Seretse Ian Khama to continue as leader of the world's largest diamond-producing country.
    (AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 16, Queen Elizabeth II formally opened Britain's new Supreme Court in a ceremony attended by several US Supreme Court justices.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Canada detained the rusting merchant vessel named Ocean Lady, believed to be trying to smuggle 76 migrants from Sri Lanka onto its Pacific coast at Vancouver Island.
    (Reuters, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In China former university professor and judge Guo Quan was sentenced to 10 years in prison for "subversion of state power" by a court in eastern Jiangsu Province.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, The European Commission called for sharp cuts in cod quotas, up to 25% in some areas, saying the prized fish is sliding toward commercial extinction in several historic Atlantic fishing grounds.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, French farmers struggling with slumping grain prices blanketed the Champs-Elysees with bales of hay and set them ablaze, and blocked highways around the country as they demanded government help.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, In Guinea 2 cabinet ministers resigned and France urged its citizens to leave the former French colony as armed attacks increased in the aftermath of a bloody rally last month where soldiers fired on pro-democracy demonstrators.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, In southern India a blaze erupted at a fireworks warehouse in Pallipat near Chennai, killing at least 32 people and injuring 10 others as millions of Hindus prepared to celebrate Deepavali, the festival of lights.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber opened fire on worshippers during prayers at a mosque in Tal Afar and then blew himself up after running out of ammunition, killing at least 15 people. 65 were wounded in the attack. A government aide said Mohammed al-Dayni, a Sunni lawmaker accused of being an insurgent ringleader, has been detained in Malaysia.
    (AP, 10/16/09)(AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, Eight countries called on Tokyo to allow divorced foreign parents access to their children living in Japan and to sign a treaty against international parental child abductions.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Kosovo's authorities said they have demarcated a disputed border with Macedonia, a scene of tensions in the past.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Libya's Oea newspaper said Saif al-Islam, the reform-minded son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, has been named overall coordinator of a grouping of the country's most influential tribal, political and business leaders.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, A Mexican government report said the use of cocaine doubled in Mexico over the last six years, partly because the drug became more available in the country. The Mexican navy enacted new rules prohibiting sailors from shooting at vehicles that try to evade land checkpoints unless they are fired on or feel that their lives or others' are in danger.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, Nigeria’s anti-graft agency EFCC arrested two sacked bank chiefs and a senior stockbroker for alleged fraud running into several millions of dollars. EFCC said the former managing director of Bank PHB, Francis Atuche, Charles Ojo of Finbank and Peter Ololo of Falcon Securities would be prosecuted for alleged fraud and granting loans without collateral.
    (AFP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, In northern Nigeria the toll in a cholera outbreak rose to 149 with 52 more deaths recorded. The disease was first reported on September 10 in Gwoza local government on the border with Cameroon from where it spread to six other districts.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, The girlfriend of a Northern Ireland police officer was slightly injured when a bomb exploded under her car in Belfast, sparking fears of a resurgence of violence here.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, In northwestern Pakistan 3 suicide attackers, including a woman, attacked a police station in Peshawar city, killing 13 people, including 3 police officers, 2 women and 2 children. Army airstrikes killed a dozen suspected militants in South Waziristan ahead of an expected ground offensive.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, A Russian court sentenced an army sergeant to nine years in jail for passing on information to Georgia during the time of its war with Russia. Aleksandar Georgijevic, a Serbian national, was jailed for 8 years for attempting to collect information on a number of Russian military projects in 1998.
    (Reuters, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 15, Somali pirates seized the Kota Wajar, a Singapore-flagged container ship, in the Indian Ocean about 300 miles (480km) north of the Seychelles islands.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, A top southern Sudanese official said former enemies in north and south Sudan have reached agreement on details for a key referendum on the south’s full independence. Clashes broke out in the remote border region between southern Sudan and north-west Kenya. At least three Kenyan soldiers were reported killed in cross border raids. An officer was killed when security forces tracked down raiders in south Darfur, shooting dead two of the attackers in an exchange of fire. Two officers were killed a day earlier as up to four men raided a guesthouse in the south Darfur town of Kass.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)(AFP, 10/17/09)(Reuters, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 16, The UN Human Rights Council voted to endorse a Gaza war crimes report and send it to the Security Council, possibly setting up international prosecution of Israelis and Palestinians accused of war crimes.
    (AP, 10/16/09)
2009        Oct 16, Zimbabwe PM Morgan Tsvangirai suspended cooperation with President Robert Mugabe's "dishonest and unreliable" camp but said he will not quit the unity government. The snub was sparked by the renewed detention of Tsvangirai's top aide Roy Bennett.
    (AFP, 10/16/09)

2009        Oct 17, In Oakland, Ca., 3 people died when their car flipped during a sideshow in the early hours. The Nissan in the crash was said to have been in a hyphy train, like a conga line on wheels with cars weaving and speeding in unison.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.C3)
2009        Oct 17, In Virginia Morgan Harrington (20), a Virginia Tech student, disappeared folowing a Metallica in Charlottesville. A farmer found her remains three months later in a hayfield.
    (SFC, 10/1/14, p.A12)
2009        Oct 17, In Brazil drug traffickers shot down a police helicopter during a gunbattle between rival gangs. The weekend gang fight in Rio de Janeiro left 3 police officers killed, and continued into the week leaving at least 32 people dead.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A8)(AP, 10/21/09)(AP, 10/22/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.42)
2009        Oct 17, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a dynamite-laden truck destroyed a key bridge on a highway used by the departing US military outside Ramadi. An attack on an Iraqi army convoy just outside of the city of Fallujah killed four Iraqi soldiers and wounded 14. Attackers threw hand grenades at an Iraqi army patrol near Kirkuk, killing two civilians and wounding two others. In Mosul 2 policemen and one civilian were killed in three unrelated incidents.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, The West Africa regional bloc ECOWAS imposed an arms embargo against Guinea, accusing the ruling military junta for "mass human rights violations" during anti-government protests last month.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Honduras ousted President Manuel Zelaya said negotiations over the coup are in "suspense" after the rival factions rebuffed each other's proposals and his foreign minister called the internationally brokered talks a failure.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, Members of the Maldives' Cabinet donned scuba gear and used hand signals at an underwater meeting staged to highlight the threat of global warming to the lowest-lying nation on earth.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, Mexican police in Tijuana found a man's nude, mutilated body hung by the neck from an expressway overpass, the 2nd such grisly discovery in 9 days. Police reported finding the mutilated body of a woman in a reservoir in another part of Tijuana. The woman's hands and head were missing. A shootout between gunmen and police killed one officer and a gunman and wounded two policemen. Tijuana investigators found five assault rifles and vests with federal prosecutors' insignia in three vehicles thought used by the attackers.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, It was reported that an increasing number of children in Africa are being accused of witchcraft by pastors of evangelical Christianity and then tortured or killed, often by family members. Pastors were involved in half of 200 cases of "witch children" reviewed by the AP, and 13 churches were named in the case files. Campaigners against the practice said around 15,000 children have been accused in two of Nigeria's 36 states over the past decade and around 1,000 have been murdered.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, More than 30,000 Pakistani soldiers launched a ground offensive against al-Qaida and the Taliban's main stronghold along the Afghan border, in the country's toughest test yet against a strengthening insurgency. The operation was expected to last around two months. At least 11 suspected insurgents were killed in jet bombings, while a bomb hit a security convoy, killing one soldier and wounding three others. 4 soldiers were killed and 12 wounded in exchanges of fire elsewhere in the region. The plan was to capture and hold an area where an estimated 10,000 insurgents were headquartered and reinforced with about 1,500 foreign fighters, most of them of Central Asian origin.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In the Philippines a propeller-driven plane on a test flight crashed and burst into flames in a suburb of Manila, killing at least four people onboard.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Puerto Rico gunmen opened fire into a bar in Toa Baja shortly before midnight and killed seven people, injuring 20 others. On Oct 27 Wilfredo Semprit Santana, the owner of the bar, was arrested and charged with drug trafficking.
    (AP, 10/18/09)(AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Spain a huge crowd rallied in Madrid against a bill to ease restrictions on abortion, a vivid and emotional show of how the issue remains sensitive two decades after abortion was legalized in this traditionally Roman Catholic country.
    (AP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In western Sudan 3 peacekeepers were wounded, two of them seriously, when their vehicle came under fire in the Darfur region.
    (AFP, 10/17/09)
2009        Oct 17, In Thailand some 17,000 "Red Shirt" supporters of Thaksin Shinawatra rallied in Bangkok to pressure the Thai government over their petition seeking a royal pardon for the fugitive former prime minister.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2009        Oct 18, Jasper Howard (20), a University of Connecticut football player, was stabbed to death during a fight outside a school-sanctioned dance. John William Lomax III was charged with murder and conspiracy to commit assault in connection with Howard's death. Another man, Hakim Muhammad (20) was charged with conspiracy to commit assault. Lomax’s lawyer later said his client was trying to break up the fight and was not involved in the stabbing.
    (AP, 10/19/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 18, Amazon Chief Almir Surui (35), unveiled a project in partnership with Google, to make public the encroachment of illegal mining and logging on his people’s 600,000 acre reserve in Brazil. Almir was evacuated for his safety to the US in 2006. Eleven chief of the Surui and neighboring tribes have been shot and killed this decade.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 18, Dawn Viens was last seen leaving her husband's successful restaurant in Lomita, Calif. Her husband did not report her missing. On Feb 23, 2011, David Viens jumped of a cliff in Rancho Palos Verdes following news reports that he was suspect in his wife’s disappearance.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20016368-504083.html)(SFC, 2/24/11, p.A5)
2009        Oct 18, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters attacked a NATO convoy in western Badghis province. 6 Taliban were killed including a local commander in Bala Murghab district. In southern Uruzgan province clashes with Afghan and international forces left eight Taliban dead and three wounded. One US service member was killed in an improvised explosive device (IED) attack in the south.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Australia Jessica Watson (16) steered her bright pink, 10-meter yacht out of Sydney Harbor to start her bid to become the youngest person to sail solo and unassisted around the world. Her decision sparked a debate in Australia about whether someone so young should be allowed to try such a potentially dangerous feat. She completed her voyage on May 15, 2010.
    (AP, 10/18/09)(AP, 5/15/10)
2009        Oct 18, Representatives of the world's biggest carbon polluters began two days of informal talks in London to map out common ground 50 days before a key UN climate conference in Copenhagen.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, China reported that authorities have started resettling 330,000 people in central Hubei and Henan provinces to make way for a massive project to divert water hundreds of miles to cities in its arid north. The estimated $62 billion water diversion could be nearly three times as expensive as the Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest hydroelectric project.
    (AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, The EU used the world's biggest book fair in Frankfurt to launch the EU Bookshop's digital library, making more than 50 years of documents in about 50 languages available for free on the Internet. The files dated back to 1952 when six countries created the High Authority of the Coal and Steel Community, the EU's precursor.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Iran a suicide bomber killed 5 senior commanders of the elite Revolutionary Guard, 10 other members of the Guard and at least 27 others in an area of the southeast that has been at the center of a simmering Sunni insurgency. The dead included the deputy commander of the Guard's ground force, Gen. Noor Ali Shooshtari, as well as a chief provincial Guard commander for the area, Rajab Ali Mohammadzadeh. A militant group from Iran's Sunni Muslim minority called Jundallah, or Soldiers of God, claimed responsibility. Jundallah, made up of Sunnis from the Baluchi ethnic minority, is also found in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/18/09)(AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Iraq a bomb attached to a motorcycle exploded near a popular cafe in a largely Sunni district of Baghdad killing five people. In the north an American soldier was killed in a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 18, Pakistan pounded Taliban bases from the air and bore down on their leader's hometown, intensifying a major offensive against the Islamists and claiming to have killed 60 militants in operation Rah-e-Nijat.  Five soldiers were reported killed. Ammunition supplies deep in the mountains are thought to be sufficient to keep the militants fighting for several months without outside supply lines.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, Russia's unmanned Progress M-03M docked with the orbital station after a three-day trip up from Earth. It delivered food, fuel, oxygen and other supplies to the International Space Station.
    (AP, 10/18/09)
2009        Oct 18, In Sudan Irish national Sharon Commins and Ugandan Hilda Kawuki, who worked for Irish charity GOAL, were freed. They had been kidnapped on July 3 at gunpoint. The Irish Times newspaper reported on Oct 24 that a 150,000-euro (225,000-dollar) ransom was paid to secure the release of two aid workers in the western Darfur region.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 19, US President Barack Obama unveiled a new policy on Sudan and warned Khartoum of more US pressure if it failed to respond to his fresh incentives to stop "genocide" and "abuses" in Darfur.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, US prosecutors were told in a new policy memo issued by the Justice Department that pot-smoking patients or their sanctioned suppliers should not be targeted for federal prosecution in states that allow medical marijuana.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, American scientist Stewart D. Nozette (52) of Chevy Chase, Md., was arrested for attempted espionage after passing classified information to an undercover FBI agent posing as an Israeli intelligence operative. In 2011 Nozette pleaded guilty to espionage and agreed to a 13-year prison term.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.A5)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A8)
2009        Oct 19, It was reported that almost 10% of SF Muni riders cheat on their fares.
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, p.C1)
2009        Oct 19, Somer Thompson (7), a north Florida girl, vanished on her walk home from school in Green Cove Springs. Detectives found her body partially covered by garbage on Oct 21 in a Georgia landfill, about 48 miles from where the girl disappeared. On Feb 3, 2012, Jarred Harrell (26) was sentenced to life in prison after pleading guilty to the abduction, sexual battery and murder.
    (AP, 10/22/09)(SFC, 2/4/12, p.A5)
2009        Oct 19, Organizers of the multimillion-dollar Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, an annual prize for good governance, said they had decided not to give out the award this year.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Afghanistan fraud investigators threw out hundreds of thousands of votes for President Hamid Karzai in the country's disputed August election. The findings set the stage for a runoff between him and his top challenger. Taliban militants set fire to 15 trucks carrying supplies to a military base in eastern Ghazni province. Afghan security guards killed two militants during the fighting. Two Afghan security troopers were killed in a gun battle overnight with Taliban fighters near Ghazni city.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Energy group Chevron announced a new natural gas discovery off Western Australia that will help support the massive Gorgon liquefied natural gas (LNG) project.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Costa Rica Michael Dixon (33), a British journalist, was last spotted leaving the Villas Macondo hotel in the popular surfers' resort of Playa Tamarindo, having traveled there on his own.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Oct 19, The EU agreed to give the dairy sector an extra $420 million in special aid in an effort to quell a season of unrest in agriculture. Meanwhile angry farmer pelted riot police with eggs and buckets of milk in Luxembourg.
    (SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 19, French police apprehended suspected ETA militant Aitor Elizaran (30) in a car park at the wheel of a stolen car in the Brittany seaside town of Carnac, along with a woman suspect, Oihana Sanvicente (32). They were soon charged with conspiracy to collaborate with a terrorist organization.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 19, In India in an interview published in the weekly magazine Open, Mupalla Laxman Rao, better known as Ganapathi, vowed to unleash a "tornado" of violence if the government goes ahead with a planned large-scale offensive against his Maoist forces.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, An Iraqi Army patrol in western part of Mosul shot dead an armed man, who was firing at the patrol. An American solider was killed and two others were wounded when a roadside bomb detonated near their vehicle in Ninevah province.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 19, Israeli police arrested Donald Edward Nelson (59), a convicted American pedophile, in a hostel in the Old City of Jerusalem. Nelson was convicted last year in a California court on 52 counts of sexual abuse of minors and sentenced to 110 years in prison. He fled the US to avoid being jailed and was hiding out in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 19, Japan said it has caught 59 whales off Hokkaido, one short of the maximum allowed by international guidelines, under a research program that critics say is a cover for commercial whaling.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Kenya a 3-story building collapsed in Nairobi killing at least 6 people with 14 left missing.
    (AP, 10/20/09)(SFC, 10/20/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 19, It was reported that Mexican biologists and park workers were racing to fell as many as 9,000 fir trees, infected with deadly bark beetles, and bury or extract infested wood before the orange-and-black monarchs start arriving in late October to spend the winter bunched together on branches, carpeting the trees.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Nigeria reported plans to offer inhabitants of its oil-producing Niger Delta region 10% of oil and gas ventures in a bid to end a rebellion that has hampered output for years.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Pakistani troops fought militants on three fronts and fighter jets bombed insurgent positions near the Afghan border as Pakistan pressed ahead with an assault on the country's main Taliban and al-Qaida stronghold. The offensive focused on eliminating Taliban militants linked to the Mehsud tribe, who control about half of South Waziristan and are blamed for 80% of the suicide attacks that have battered Pakistan over the last three years. Police said they had arrested Akhtar Zaman, a man identified as the head of the Pakistani Taliban, in the southern city of Karachi along with three other alleged militants in connection with a foiled attempt to attack an oil terminal last month.
    (AP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, Somali pirates seized a Chinese cargo ship with 25 people onboard. On Dec 27 a band of Somali pirates split a $4 million ransom to release the bulk carrier De Xin Hai, a Chinese cargo ship, and 25 sailors after two months in captivity.
    (AP, 10/19/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Oct 19, Sri Lankan shares tumbled after the US slapped fraud charges on Raj Rajaratnam (52), a billionaire Sri Lankan-born hedge fund manager, whose investments in the island came under a fresh "review." Rajaratnam had admitted funding the Tamils Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) soon after the December 2004 tsunami. The TRO was outlawed as a front of the separatist Tamil Tigers in both Sri Lanka and the United States in 2007.
    (AFP, 10/19/09)
2009        Oct 19, In Turkey tens of thousands of Kurds flocked to the Iraqi border to greet 34 PKK fighters and their sympathizers, who gave themselves up following a call by PM Erdogan to return home.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.63)
2009        Oct 19, In Uganda Pres. Museveni officially recognized the 300,000 strong Rwenzururu Kingdom under Charles Wesley Mumbere (56), who had inherited the title in 1966 at age 13. Museveni restored all the traditional kingdoms abandoned in 1967. Mumbere, who had moved to the USA in 1984 on a government scholarship, worked as a nurse’s aide in Maryland and Pennsylvania. 
    (SFC, 10/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 19, Uruguay's Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a law that has provided amnesty to military officials accused of murders, disappearances and other human rights violations during the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 10/19/09)

2009        Oct 20, The US Congress passed a bill allowing detainees from Guantanamo to be brought to the US, but only to stand for trial, not to be released or jailed there.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.36)
2009        Oct 20, In Arizona Faleh Hassan Almaleki (49), an Iraqi immigrant, ran his Jeep Cherokee over his daughter, Noor Almaleki (20), after she refused an arranged marriage and went to college. Noor died of her injuries on Nov 2, 2009. On Feb 22, 2011, Faleh Hassan Almaleki was convicted of 2nd degree murder.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honor_killing_in_the_United_States)(SFC, 2/23/11, p.A4)
2009        Oct 20, Afghanistan's election commission ordered a Nov. 7 runoff in the disputed presidential poll after a fraud investigation dropped incumbent Hamid Karzai's votes below 50 percent of the total. Karzai accepted the finding and agreed to a second round vote. Afghan and international forces killed about half a dozen militants during a raid on compounds used by a Taliban commander in eastern Wardak province.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, Representatives of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay announced a joint plan in Buenos Aires to establish protected zones to halt deforestation in their countries by 2020.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 20, Australian officials said a leech found at a crime scene in 2001 led police to a man who admitted robbing an elderly woman. The leech dropped off Peter Cannon as he and an accomplice tied a 71-year-old woman to a chair in her remote home in the Tasmanian woods on Sept. 28, 2001.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, Bolivia's National Electoral Court announced that former Pando state Gov. Leopoldo Fernandez can campaign from a La Paz jail because he is detained as a precautionary measure, over killings under his watch in Sept, 2008, and has not been charged.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 20, China executed 2 people for their roles in deadly protests last year in the Chinese-controlled region of Tibet, the first known executions for the violence. Lobsang Gyaltsen (28) and Loyak (30), who goes by one name, were sentenced to death in April on charges relating to "starting fatal fires."
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 20, The Honduras government lifted a three-week broadcast ban allowing opposition radio and television stations back on the air.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, Talks in Vienna meant to persuade Iran to send most of its enriched uranium abroad, and thus delay its potential to make a nuclear weapon, bogged down over fierce Iranian resistance to French participation.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, An Indian official said 8 South Asian countries have agreed they can't be part of any climate change deal that sets legally binding limits on their emissions.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, In Iraq a car packed with explosives blew up at a gas station in Saqlawiyah, 45 miles (75km) west of Baghdad, killing 3 policemen and one civilian. In northern Baghdad, one civilian was killed and 4 were wounded when a bomb attached to a minibus exploded in Kazimiyah, a primarily Shiite suburb of the capital. Minutes later, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad wounded 3 civilians. In Hilla, just south of Baghdad, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed one policeman and wounded two others. In Mosul a roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol, wounding two soldiers and one civilian.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, Iran’s state news agency said Kian Tajbakhsh, an Iranian-American academic, has been convicted for his alleged role in the post-election unrest in the country and sentenced to more than 12 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, Japan’s government said it would reverse the privatization of Japan Post along with its enormous banking unit. On Oct 28 the new government ousted the president of Japan Post and almost the entire board.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.50)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.73)
2009        Oct 20, Kuwait's highest court granted women the right to obtain a passport without their husband's approval, in the latest stride for women's rights in this small oil-rich emirate. The landmark decision "freed" Kuwaiti women from the 1962 law requiring their husband's signature to obtain a passport.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 20, Kyrgyzstan's Cabinet resigned as part of a sweeping government reform campaign the president said will save money and make the Central Asian nation's leadership more effective. Opposition leaders dismissed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's reform push as a bid to increase his own power.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, The United States presented Mali security forces with more than $5 million in new vehicles and other equipment.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 20, In Hidalgo, Mexico, police found the body of a young man, about 16 years old, who was found dead with two bullets in his head, his genitals cut off and a warning note stabbed into his chest.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 20, Niger held elections. On Oct 24 the electoral commission said the ruling party had won a majority of votes in parliamentary elections. The official results said President Mamadou Tandja's party received 76 out of 113 seats in the national assembly. The vote came just two months after a referendum passed allowing Tandja to extend his rule for years past the constitutional limit. The opposition protested the referendum, saying it granted Tandja near-totalitarian powers, and boycotted the elections.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 20, Nigeria’s main rebel group, Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), expressed cautious optimism after a landmark meeting between its leader and President Umaru Yar'Adua.
    (AFP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, In Pakistan 2 suicide attackers bombed an Islamic university in Islamabad, killing 6 people and wounding 18 as the army pressed ahead with a critical offensive on a Taliban stronghold near Afghanistan. Firefights raged in the areas around Kaskai and Shisanwam, and 4 more soldiers were killed, bringing the army's death toll over four days to 13.
    (AP, 10/20/09)(AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 20, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev brought a euro1 billion ($1.5 billion) loan to recession-hit Serbia, as Moscow sought to expand its political and economic influence in the Balkans with the first-ever visit to Belgrade by a Russian president.
    (AP, 10/20/09)
2009        Oct 20, Turkish prosecutors sought charges against 5 Kurdish rebels who surrendered in a peace gesture, raising questions about whether thousands of other guerrillas can be persuaded to end their decades-long fight. The 5 were later released on the orders of a judge.
    (AP, 10/20/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.63)

2009        Oct 21, Federal court documents linked Alaska Rep. Don Young to a wide-ranging investigation of corruption in Alaska. It was alleged that the 19-term Republican had received gifts totaling nearly $200,000 over 13 years from Veco Corp., a defunct oil field services company run by former Alaska Sen. Ted Stevens.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A10)
2009        Oct 21, US federal prosecutors in Massachusetts arrested Tarek Mehanna (27) of Sudbury, a suburb of Boston. Prosecutors said he had conspired to kill two prominent US politicians and carry out a holy war by attacking shoppers in US malls and American troops in Iraq. Mehanna, a US citizen, had been arrested in November and charged with lying to the FBI in December 2006 when asked about the whereabouts of Daniel Maldonado, who is now serving a 10-year prison sentence for training alongside al-Qaida members to overthrow the Somali government. On Dec 20, 2011, Mehanna was convicted of conspiring to support al-Qaida and other terrorism charges.
    (AP, 10/21/09)(SFC, 10/22/09, p.A4)(SFC, 12/21/11, p.A8)
2009        Oct 21, In Toledo, Ohio, Mohammad Zaki Amawi (29) was sentenced to 20 years in jail for plotting to recruit and train terrorists to kill US soldiers in Iraq. Marwan Othman El-Hindi (46) was sentenced to 12 years. The two men and a third defendant had been found guilty in 2008. The third man has yet to be sentenced.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/ygnbfpt)
2009        Oct 21, Northwest Airlines Flight 188 overflew its Minneapolis destination by 150 miles.  Air traffic controllers and pilots tried for more than an hour night to contact pilot Richard Cole (54) of Salem, Oregon, and the flight's captain, Timothy B. Cheney (53), of Gig Harbor, Wash., using radio, cell phone and data messages. The pilots said they had been having a heated discussion about airline policy. On Oct 27 the FAA revoked the licenses of the two pilots saying they had been out of radio contact for 91 minutes.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 21, Alyssa Bustamante (15) of St. Martins, Mo., strangled, stabbed and cut the throat of Elizabeth Olten (9). She told authorities she did it because she wanted to know what it was like to kill someone. On Feb 8, 2012, Bustamante was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole.
    (http://news.aol.com/article/alyssa-bustamante-15-charged-as-adult-in/772912)(AP, 2/8/12)
2009        Oct 21, In Afghanistan ex-Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah, President Hamid Karzai's chief political rival, agreed to take part in the Nov. 7 runoff election, setting the stage for a high-stakes showdown in the face of Taliban threats and approaching winter snows. One US soldier died of wounds sustained in a bomb attack in the south.
    (AP, 10/21/09)(AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 21, In the Bahamas the trial of two people accused of trying to extort John Travolta following the death of his son there ended in a mistrial after a lawmaker suggested the still-deliberating jury had acquitted one of the defendants.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 21, A Briton who cost the insurance industry some 1.6 million pounds by staging almost 100 car crashes as part of a scam to win fraudulent payouts, was jailed for 4-1/2 years. Mohammed Patel (24) charged 500 pounds a time to stage accidents which enabled fraudsters to claim an average of 17,000 pounds from their insurers.
    (Reuters, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, Spanish-owned airports operator BAA announced the sale of the second busiest hub Gatwick to a US investment fund for 1.51 billion pounds following an antitrust ruling.
    (AFP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, China and India put aside a diplomatic spat to sign a five-year agreement in New Delhi to cooperate on climate change leading up to crucial talks in Copenhagen.
    (AFP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, A court in southwest China sentenced six men to death for gang-related crimes including blackmail and murder, the first convictions in a months long crackdown that has exposed a major city mired in violent organized crime. More than 1,544 suspects have been detained in Chongqing, China's largest municipality, since the gang sweep started in June, with more than a dozen criminal gangs busted.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, Security guards thwarted an attempted hijacking on an EgyptAir flight from Istanbul to Cairo by overpowering a Sudanese man who threatened crew members with a plastic knife. The man told flight attendants he wanted to "liberate Jerusalem."
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, In northern India a passenger train crashed into another train's rear carriage reserved for women and disabled passengers, killing 22 people and injuring 16 who remained trapped for hours near Agra, the home of the Taj Mahal.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, Indonesia’s customs chief said a group of 10 alleged Iranian drug smugglers, including eight veiled women, were caught with $12.5 million worth of methamphetamines at the main airport. The group had arrived on flights from Malaysia, Syria and Qatar on Oct 19-20.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, Diplomats in Vienna said Iranian negotiators expressed support for a deal that, if accepted by their leaders, would delay Tehran's ability to make nuclear weapons by sending most of its existing enriched uranium to Russia for processing.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, In Iraq a blast in Kirkuk killed cameraman Orhan Hijran, who worked for Baghdad-based television station Al-Rasheed, and wounded correspondent Mohammed Shahid of Cairo-based Al-Baghdadiyah.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, Lithuanian lawmakers demanded an investigation into allegations that the CIA had established a prison there for al-Qaida suspects. Leaders have denied that Lithuania had hosted clandestine detention centers.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 21, ECOWAS suspended Niger following its failure to comply with the 17th October 2009 Decision of Heads of State and Government to postpone the legislative elections of Tuesday, 20th October 2009.  ECOWAS suspended Niger on account of bad behavior by President Mamadou Tandja (71).
    (http://news.ecowas.int/presseshow.php?nb=113&lang=en&annee=2009)(Econ, 2/27/10, p.56)
2009        Oct 21, Pakistani soldiers fought for control of Kotkai, the Taliban chief's hometown, pressing forward with a major offensive targeting an insurgent stronghold along the Afghan border. Suspected US missiles killed two militants in a neighboring region, a potentially troubling strike because it hit territory controlled by another militant faction the army has coaxed into neutrality during its offensive. The army's death toll so far rose to 16, while 15 more militants were slain, bringing their overall death toll to 105.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, In Somalia a powerful Islamist group linked to al-Qaida ordered two radio stations in southwestern Somalia to stop broadcasts indefinitely.
    (AP, 10/21/09)
2009        Oct 21, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma said Zimbabwe must not return to instability, after holding talks with PM Morgan Tsvangirai who has cut ties within his unity government. Tsvangirai flew to South Africa after meeting Mozambican President Armando Guebuza a day earlier and then headed to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola to brief leaders on Zimbabwe's worst impasse in eight months.
    (AFP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 21, A Sudanese cargo plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Sharjah International Airport north of Dubai, killing the 6-member crew but causing no other casualties on the ground.
    (AP, 10/21/09)

2009        Oct 22, The Obama administration said it is designating over 200,000 square miles in Alaska and off its coast as critical habitat for polar bears.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A7)
2009        Oct 22, US authorities arrested over 300 people in 38 cities in a sting against Mexico’s La Familia drug operations in the US. At least 84 were arrested in Dallas as part of Operation Coronado.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A12)(SFC, 12/12/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 22, The US pay czar slashed compensation for top earners at seven bailed-out companies for the final two months of the year, and was immediately slammed by the country's largest bank which claimed the cuts could send talent fleeing.
    (Reuters, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, California authorities said a grand jury has indicted 18 people on charges of marijuana growing and mortgage fraud. The San Francisco Bay Area residents allegedly operated marijuana gardens in 50 homes in the Central Valley in 2006 and 2007.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A14)
2009        Oct 22, Officials in Benicia, Ca., announced that ships in the “ghost fleet" of Suisun Bay would begin a process of cleanup and dismantling next month. The first two ships scheduled for recycling were the Pan American Victory and the Earlham Victory, both WWII cargo ships built in 1945.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 22, SF city officials broke ground on a project to rebuild San Francisco General Hospital. City voters in 2008 had authorized an $887 million bond measure for the project.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.D1)
2009        Oct 22, The Minnesota Supreme Court ruled that bong water can count as an illegal drug. A person could be prosecuted for a first-degree drug crime for 25 grams or more of bong water that tests positive for a controlled substance.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A7)
2009        Oct 22, The Windows 7 computer operating system went on sale.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.C2)
2009        Oct 22, Soupy Sales (b.1926), TV personality born as Milton Supman, died in NYC. He was best known for his Detroit-based children's television show, “Lunch with Soupy Sales" (1953). Beginning in October 1959, it was telecast nationally on the ABC television network. His career was built on some 20,000 pies to face and 5,000 live TV appearances across half a century.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soupy_Sales)
2009        Oct 22, African leaders started a 2-day summit in Kampala, Uganda, aiming to ratify the Convention on the Protection and Assistance of the Displaced People in Africa, now numbering about 17 million.
    (AFP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, In Australia Don Lane (75), an American song-and-dance man known as "The Lanky Yank," died. He was handed a full-time gig on Australian TV in 1975 and "The Don Lane Show" became a ratings winner, a mixture of cabaret acts, interviews, comedy skits and a song from the tall host to close each show.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, In Curitiba, Brazil, Jorge Guilherme Marinho Martins (26), the son of fire chief Jorge Luiz Thais Martins, was killed by robbers who wanted to steal his car while he returned from a party. His girlfriend also was shot, but survived. At least eight drug users in the neighborhood were soon killed. In 2011 an arrest warrant was issued for Martins for his alleged involvement in killing the drug users.
    (AP, 1/28/11)(http://tinyurl.com/4zmt6t4)
2009        Oct 22, More than 8 million people watched British National Party leader Nick Griffin slam Islam as a wicked faith, express his disgust at homosexuals and defend the Ku Klux Klan on its "Question Time" program.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 22, British Royal Mail workers began a two-day strike in a bitter row over pay, conditions and modernization, causing widespread disruption to mail services.
    (AFP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, The Red Cross said more than 4,500 people have fled attacks by the Ugandan rebel group Lord's Resistance Army in the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, Ethiopia said it needs emergency food aid for 6.2 million people, an appeal that comes 25 years after a devastating famine compounded by communist policies killed 1 million and prompted one of the largest charity campaigns in history.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, The EU's parliament awarded its annual Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought to three prominent Russian rights activists, in recognition of the difficult conditions they face in defending human rights in Russia today. The prize was awarded to Lyudmila Alexeyeva (82), Sergei Kovalyov (79) and Oleg Orlov (56) on behalf of the human rights organization Memorial and "all other human rights defenders in Russia."
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, The EU said it has launched an investigation into a prized Spanish wetland that has turned bone dry through mismanagement of water resources and is now on fire underground, white smoke now rising from areas where fish once swam. The EU wants the Spanish government to explain how it plans to save Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park in the central Castilla-La Mancha region. It is classified as a UNESCO biosphere site and an EU-protected area because of its birdlife.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, In Iraq a local police chief said 6 suspected al-Qaida members, including two who were formerly detained by US troops, were arrested near the western Iraqi city of Fallujah. They had been released in July for lack of evidence. A local criminal court in Diyala province issued an arrest warrant for parliamentarian Tayseer al-Mashhadani a Sunni member of parliament, and her husband, Hashim al-Hiyali, on suspicion of financing and inciting sectarian violence.
    (AP, 10/22/09)(AP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 22, Mexican police detained five suspected associates of the Gulf drug cartel for alleged involvement in violent clashes that killed four people in the central Mexican state of Hidalgo. The suspects were said to be affiliated with the Zetas, the drug ring's hit men.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 22, In Pakistan suspected militants on a motorbike shot and killed a senior army officer and a soldier in Islamabad, striking at security forces as the military wages a major anti-Taliban offensive in the northwest. An army statement reported two more soldiers were killed, bringing the army's death toll to 18, while 24 more militants were slain, bringing their death toll to 129.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, In the Philippines outbreaks of leptospirosis, spread by water contaminated with the urine of rats, dogs and other animals, have compounded the problems faced after back-to-back storms since late last month killed more than 900 people. The WHO said it will send an emergency team to help fight a bacterial disease outbreak that has killed at least 148 people and sickened nearly 2,000 in and around the flood-hit capital.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, In Somalia mortar bombs killed at least 30 people in Mogadishu after rebels launched shells at the president's plane and African Union (AU) peacekeepers responded with heavy artillery fire.
    (Reuters, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, Somali pirates with automatic weapons seized the India-managed, Panamanian-flagged MV Al Khaliq cargo ship off Africa's east coast and held its 26 crew members hostage. Pirates also unsuccessfully attempted to hijack the Italian-flagged MV Jolly Rosso off the Kenyan coast. The Al Khaliq cargo ship was freed on Feb 9, 2010, after 3.1 million US dollars were paid to the pirates.
    (AP, 10/22/09)(AFP, 2/9/10)
2009        Oct 22, In Sri Lanka more than 4,000 ethnic Tamils displaced by civil war left government-run camps, the latest to be released amid international criticism that Sri Lanka is moving too slowly to let thousands of others go.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, A Sudanese court sentenced two women to 20 lashes for dressing "indecently." Judge Hassan Mohammed Ali said: "The two women wore trousers and no headscarf. The court therefore finds them guilty according the public order laws." Last year nearly 43,000 women were detained for indecent clothing offences in Khartoum region, where five million people live.
    (AFP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, In Sudan gunmen kidnapped Gauthier Lefevre (35), a French staff member working for the International Committee of the Red Cross, in the western Darfur region. The kidnappers soon demanded a three-million-euro ransom. Lefevre was released on March 18, 2010.
    (AP, 10/22/09)(AFP, 10/27/09)(AP, 3/18/10)
2009        Oct 22, The Swedish government approved the early release of former Bosnian Serb President Biljana Plavsic (79), who was sentenced to 11 years in prison by a war crimes tribunal. The Justice Ministry says she will be released on Oct 27 after serving two-thirds of her sentence for persecution.
    (AP, 10/22/09)
2009        Oct 22, Uruguay's last dictator, Gregorio Alvarez (83), was sentenced to 25 years in prison for 37 homicides during the 1973-1985 military regime, when dissidents disappeared in a region-wide crackdown on leftists called "Operation Condor." Alvarez was commander-in-chief of the army (1978-1979) and de facto president from 1981 until Feb 12, 1985. Navy Capt. Juan Larcebeau was also sentenced to 20 years in prison for 29 homicides related to clandestine prisoner transfers in 1978.
    (AP, 10/22/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorio_Conrado_%C3%81lvarez)
2009        Oct 22, Venezuela deported Luis Cediel to the US. The Colombian man had links to a pyramid scheme that bilked Colombians out of hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 23, President Barack Obama signed a declaration making the swine flu outbreak a national emergency, giving his health chief the power to let hospitals move emergency rooms offsite to speed treatment and protect noninfected patients.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 23, Top US safety officials met with their Chinese counterparts to discuss complaints from American homeowners of illness and other damage from suspect drywall imported from China. Consumer Products Safety Commission Chairman Inez Tenenbaum said that the two sides were talking about the issue while they await results of tests on what is causing the problems.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, US regulators shut down 3 small banks in Florida and one each in Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota and Wisconsin bringing the total for the year of failed US banks to 106.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 23, Anthony Pellicano and associate Alexander Proctor pleaded no contest to threatening LA Times reporter Anita Busch, who was putting together a story on actor Steven Seagal’s possible connections to organized crime. Pellicano, a former Hollywood private eye, was already serving a 15 year sentence for digging up dirt public figures.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 23, In Richmond, Ca., a girl (16) left a homecoming dance at Richmond High gym and joined a group of men drinking in a nearby alley. She became drunk and was raped and robbed by as many as 10 young men. Police found her semi-conscious near a lunch table and arrested one suspect fleeing the scene. 2 more suspects, aged 15 and 21, were arrested on Oct 27. On Oct 28 three juveniles were arrested in connection to the crime and charged as adults. A 6th suspect was arrested on Oct 29. On Jan 19 John Crane Jr. (43) turned himself in for participating in the rape. In 2010 Cody Smith, the youngest of 7 defendants was released, because his Miranda rights had been violated.  In 2011 the West Contra Costa Unified School District settled a civil suit and agreed to pay the victim $4 million. On Sep 6, 2012, Manuel Ortega (22) pleaded guilty as was expected to receive 32 years behind bars. On Aug 15, 2013, Jose Montano (22) was sentenced to 33 years to life; Marcelles Peter (20) was sentenced to 29 years to life.
    (SFC, 10/27/09, p.C6)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A10)(SFC, 10/29/09, p.A1)(SFC, 10/30/09, p.A1)(SFC, 1/22/10, p.C9)(SFC, 12/22/10, p.C2)(SSFC, 1/23/11, p.C3)(SFC, 9/7/12, p.A20)(SFC, 8/16/13, p.D1)
2009        Oct 23, In Colorado Miguel Angel Caro Quintero (46), a Mexican drug kingpin, pleaded guilty in Denver to federal drug and racketeering charges. He had led the Sonora Cartel in the 1980s and faced up to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A5)
2009        Oct 23, In Missouri police found the body of Elizabeth Olton (9). She had gone missing 2 days earlier. A 15-year-old, who led police to her body, was charged with her murder.
    (SSFC, 10/25/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 23, In New Jersey Rev. Ed Hinds (61), a Catholic priest, was found stabbed 32 times at the rectory of St. Patrick’s Church in Chatham. The next day Jose Feliciano (64), a janitor, was charged with the slaying. The priest had fired him after discovering an outstanding arrest warrant for sexually touching a child. In 2012 Feliciano was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/25/09, p.A8)(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A5)
2009        Oct 23, African leaders, meeting in Uganda, ratified a convention on the protection of the continent's internally-displaced people, refugees and returnees, billed as the first of its kind worldwide.
    (AFP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In southern Afghanistan 2 US soldiers were killed by a home-made bomb. A Danish soldier lost his life in clashes with Taliban-led insurgents in the same region.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 23, Australia approved Yanzhou Coal's 3.2 billion US dollar takeover of miner Felix Resources, its biggest by a Chinese firm, in a breakthrough for the Asian giant's scramble for commodities.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, British far-right leader Nick Griffin accused the BBC of mounting a "lynch mob" on him in a charged appearance on a TV political panel show, and called for it to be re-recorded.
    (AFP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, British couple Paul and Rachel Chandler were heading from the Seychelles to Tanzania in their yacht, the Lynn Rival, when the distress signal was sent. Reports followed that the couple were seized by pirates. The couple were taken to the Somali pirate lair of Harardhere and $7 million was later demanded for their release. The Chandlers were released on Nov 14, 2010, after a ransom of at least 750,000 dollars was paid.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(AFP, 10/29/09)(AP, 10/31/09)(AFP, 11/14/10)
2009        Oct 23, In Canada a judge in Winnipeg acquitted Kyle Unger (38) of the 1990 murder of Brigitte Grenier (16). DNA tests in 2005 showed that hair on the victim came from somebody else. Unger had spent 13 years in jail before he was granted bail in 2005.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 23, Chinese state media reported that police have arrested 42 alleged members of a trafficking ring that sold dozens of infants stolen or bought from their rural parents.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, The Czech Republic and NATO said that they backed a reworked US missile defense plan meant to defend against threats from Iran and other nations.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In France Jean Sarkozy (23), President Nicolas Sarkozy's son, was elected to the board of the organization that runs France's most important business district after a dramatic withdrawal of his bid for the top spot amid fierce accusations of favoritism. He had been the leading candidate to head EPAD, a quasi-governmental organization overseeing real estate and the administration of La Defense, the neighborhood of skyscrapers west of Paris that is home to top companies and the workplace of 150,000 people.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In Honduras a negotiator for ousted leftist President Manuel Zelaya said the latest round of talks to resolve the dispute over the June 28 coup has ended in failure, adding that further talks were unlikely. Escaped inmates in Santa Barbara set fire to a prison, a public market and a cultural center before authorities stopped the riot and captured 76 of the 79 fugitives.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, A Kenyan court released gang leader, Maina Njenga, after prosecutors dropped 28 murder charges against him. He had been in prison since 2006. His Mungiki gang was notorious for beheading its victims.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 8 people in Kamra, near the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex. An anti-tank mine killed 16 wedding guests in the tribal belt. Most of the dead were women and children. A car bomb exploded outside a restaurant in the northwestern city of Peshawar, wounding 15.
    (AP, 10/23/09)(AFP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In Puerto Rico an earthshaking explosion at the Caribbean Petroleum Corp. in the suburb of Bayamon, just west of the capital of San Juan, led to the evacuation of more than 1,500 people. Authorities wee concerned about those downwind of the fire.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 23, Somali Islamist rebels threatened to attack the capitals of Burundi and Uganda, the two central African countries that have deployed peacekeeping troops to prop up Somali's transitional government.
    (AFP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, Swiss and US authorities said the US has asked Switzerland to hand over Roman Polanski to authorities in California, where he could serve up to two years in prison for having sex in 1977 with a 13-year-old girl.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In Thailand the annual summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations began inauspiciously when half the bloc's 10 leaders failed to show up at the opening of the 3-day conference due to a tropical storm, domestic politics, a VIP visit and a possible illness. ASEAN nations inaugurated their first regional human rights commission, a watchdog immediately derided as toothless by activists who walked out of a meeting to protest being snubbed by five of the governments involved.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, Bishops attending a Vatican meeting on Africa issued a blunt ultimatum to corrupt Catholic political leaders in Africa: repent or leave public office.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, The World Health Organization said nearly 5,000 people have reportedly died from swine flu since it emerged this year and developed into a global epidemic.
    (AP, 10/23/09)
2009        Oct 23, In Zimbabwe armed police raided a house belonging to PM Morgan Tsvangirai's party in a new threat to the country's faltering unity government.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 24, City and state officials in Los Angeles dedicated the new 10-story, $437 million police headquarters.
    (SSFC, 10/25/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 24, Taliban fighters warned Afghans not to take part in the war-wracked country's upcoming presidential runoff, threatening to launch a fresh wave of violence on polling day to stop them. US troops killed four civilians when they fired on a van approaching their convoy on the main highway in southern Kandahar province. A bomb killed an American service member in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 24, In China a Belgian cargo vessel leaked oil into waters at the Caofeidian port in northeastern Hebei province, after a Chinese ship crashed into it at a refueling dock.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 24, In Egypt two passenger trains collided at high speed south of Cairo, killing 18 people and wounding 39. An initial inquiry found that a signalman had left work early and failed to warn drivers of delays because of a water buffalo on the track. Later analysis of a blood sample from the driver of the first train revealed the presence of traces of hashish.
    (AFP, 10/25/09)(AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Oct 24, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel finished building a new center-right government and announced an overhaul of the health care system, more help for families and annual tax cuts of up to euro24 billion.
    (AP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 24, In Iraq a suicide bomber wearing an explosive vest in Tikrit killed two people outside the offices of a Sunni political party called National Unity.
    (AP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 24, Pakistani soldiers captured Kotkai, the strategically located hometown of Taliban chief Hakimullah Mehsud after fierce fighting. It was the army's first major prize as it pushes deeper into a militant stronghold along the Afghan border. The army said that three more soldiers had died, putting the army's death toll at 23, and 21 more militants had been killed, putting their overall death toll at 163. A suspected US missile killed 22 people elsewhere in the northwest, but apparently missed a top Taliban figure. 6 soldiers died in an army helicopter crash in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 24, In Rwanda 10 people were locked up in an underground passage which was blocked by a big amount of (fallen) residue in Nyakabingo. 7 were rescued by local people who dug another quick entrance. 3 remained inside. A week earlier, 3 other miners were crushed to death in a cassiterite and coltan mine in Rutongo, northern Rwanda.
    (Reuters, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 24, A Saudi court convicted a female journalist for her involvement in a TV show, in which a Saudi man, Abdul-Jawad, publicly talked about sex, and sentenced her to 60 lashes. Rozanna al-Yami (22) is believed to be the first Saudi woman journalist to be given such a punishment. The same court sentenced Abdul-Jawad earlier this month to five years in jail and 1,000 lashes. 3 other men who appeared on the show, "Bold Red Line," were also convicted of discussing sex publicly and sentenced to two years imprisonment and 300 lashes each. Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah waived the flogging sentence of the female journalist, the second such pardoning of such a high profile case by the monarch in recent years. He ordered al-Yami's case and that of another journalist, a pregnant woman also accused of involvement in the program, be referred to a committee in the ministry.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 24, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Cardinal Peter Turkson (61) of Ghana to head the Vatican's justice and peace office, a high-profile post that cements his reputation as a possible future papal candidate. Turkson's appointment to his new post was announced at the end of a three-week Vatican meeting on the role of the Catholic Church in Africa.
    (AP, 10/24/09)
2009        Oct 24, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe accused PM Morgan Tsvangirai of failing to act in the national interest after withdrawing his support for the country's fragile unity government, state media reported.
    (AFP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 25, The New York Yankees, baseball's biggest spenders, finally cashed in with their first pennant in six years, beating the Los Angeles Angels 5-2 in Game 6 of the AL championship series behind the savvy pitching of Andy Pettitte.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In California a fire broke out in the Santa Cruz Mountains between Morgan Hill and Sant Cruz. The Loma Fire covered 485 acres and was only 20% contained. The Loma Fire was fully contained on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/26/09, p.A1)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A9)
2009        Oct 25, Lawrence Halprin (b.1916), SF Bay Area landscape architect, died. His work included the design of San Francisco’s Ghirardelli Square in 1968 and the FDR Memorial in Washington DC, completed in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/27/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 25, In Florida Jeffry Picower (67) was found by his wife at the bottom of a pool at the couple's sprawling oceanside Palm Beach mansion. He had suffered a heart attack and died a short time later at a nearby hospital. He was accused of making more than $7 billion off the investment schemes of jailed financial manager Bernard Madoff.
    (AP, 10/26/09)(SFC, 10/27/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 25, Seymour Fromer (87), founder of the Berkeley-based Judah Magnes Museum, died. Fromer learned of Judah Magnes (1877-1948), the first ordained rabbi in California, in an 1894 Oakland high school yearbook.
    (SFC, 11/6/09, p.C5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judah_Leon_Magnes)
2009        Oct 25, Henry P. Becton, Sr. (b.1914), former Chairman of the Board for Becton Dickinson Corp., died at his home in Maine. He was the son of BD co-founder Maxwell W. Becton and saw BD grow from 600 associates and sales of $2.5 million to 29,000 associates and over $7 billion in annual sales.
    (Echo, 12/09, p.1)
2009        Oct 25, In Afghanistan 2 American service members died, one in a bomb attack in the east, and another wounds sustained in an insurgent attack in the same region.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Honduras the body of Enzo Micheletti, the nephew of interim Honduran President Roberto Micheletti, was found in Choloma. He had been shot to death execution-style. The body of another, unidentified man was found nearby. Gunmen killed army Col. Concepcion Jimenez outside his home in Tegucigalpa. Honduras was noted for the highest homicide rate in Central America, much of it related to drugs.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Iran UN IAEA inspectors got their first look inside the Fordo uranium enrichment site 20 miles north of Qom, a once-secret uranium enrichment facility that has raised Western suspicions about the extent of Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Iraq 2 suicide car bombs exploded in downtown Baghdad, killing 155 people. The car bombs targeted the Justice Ministry and the Baghdad provincial administration. The explosions also injured some 500 people who were taken to six area hospitals. 11 army officers and 50 security officials were soon taken into custody over the bombings. Three jailed suspects in the bombings later said they filmed the targeted buildings before the attack and escorted the car bombs in a convoy into Baghdad.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(AP, 10/30/09)(AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Oct 25, Israeli forces stormed Jerusalem's holiest shrine, firing stun grenades to disperse hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinian protesters in a fresh eruption of violence at the most volatile spot in the country.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Italy 4 policemen were questioned for allegedly attempting to blackmail opposition leader Piero Marrazzo (51). The case centered on widespread media reports that a video shows the center-left politician in the company of a transsexual in a Rome apartment.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, Energy giant BP signed a deal with Jordan to explore for natural gas reserves in the Risheh field near the border with Iraq in an investment that could reach billions of dollars.
    (AFP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, Oil-rich Nigeria's main militant group (MEND) called an indefinite cease-fire to encourage dialogue with the government.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In northeastern Pakistan a suicide bomber killed a police officer on a highway near Jhelum city, about 60 miles south of Islamabad. The man taken into custody told police they had planned to detonate the bomb in Lahore. A minister for education was fatally attacked by gunmen in Quetta, the capital of southwestern Baluchistan province. A nationalist group, the Baluchistan United Liberation Front, claimed responsibility. Taliban militants attacked a security post in Hangu district northwest of South Waziristan, killing one soldier.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 25, In southern Russia Maksharip Aushev a prominent opposition activist in Ingushetia was shot and killed by unidentified gunmen in at least the third such killing in the North Caucasus region in just over three months. Aushev died when several assailants sprayed his vehicle with automatic gunfire from a passing car. A woman traveling with him was badly wounded in the attack on a road in the neighboring province of Kabardino-Balkariya.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Somalia Islamist militants in the port town of Merca shot to death two men accused by fighters of spying for the weak government.
    (AP, 10/25/09)
2009        Oct 25, In Thailand Asian leaders heard competing plans from Australia and Japan for a massive EU-style community covering half the world's population as they wrapped up their annual East Asian summit. Thai PM Abhisit Vejjajiva said leaders of 16 Asian countries gave high priority to finding a new economic growth model to free half the world's population from merely serving as producers for the West.
    (AFP, 10/25/09)   
2009        Oct 25, Tunisians cast ballots for president and parliament in elections expected to hand another landslide victory to incumbent leader Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (73), who warned opponents they would face legal retaliation if they questioned the elections' fairness. Pres. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was re-elected for a fifth 5-year term with an overwhelming 89% of the vote, his weakest performance yet but more than enough to show his solid grip on the nation.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.59)
2009        Oct 25, Uruguay held presidential elections. Voters faced a stark choice between: Jose "Pepe" Mujica (74), an ex-rebel who yearns to create enduring socialism or Luis Alberto Lacalle (69), a former center-right president (1990-1995) who privatized government services and wants to pull away from alliances with Latin American leftists. Mujica, the candidate of the governing leftist Broad Front coalition, got 47.5% of the votes, just below the majority needed to win outright. Conservative ex-president Luis Alberto LaCalle got 28.5%, and Pedro Bordaberry of the Colorado Party 17%.
    (AP, 10/25/09)(AP, 10/26/09)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.44)
2009        Oct 25, Pope Benedict XVI ended a three-week Vatican meeting on Africa with a call for peace and reconciliation among all people on the continent, regardless of ethnic and religious differences.
    (AP, 10/25/09)

2009        Oct 26, In Afghanistan Nangarhar province Gov. Gul Agha Sherzai survived an assassination attempt after a gunman fired automatic weapons at his convoy in Jalalabad. Sherzai's bodyguards killed the gunman, as well as another attacker wearing a suicide vest and carrying grenades. Security forces in Kabul fired automatic rifles into the air for a second day to contain hundreds of stone-throwing university students angered over the alleged desecration of Islam's holy book. US and Afghan authorities have denied any such desecration and insist that the Taliban are spreading the rumor to stir up public anger. A UH-1 and an AH-1 Cobra helicopter collided in flight before sunrise over the southern province of Helmand, killing 4 American troops. Another helicopter went down in the west of the country after leaving the scene of a firefight, killing 10 Americans, including 7 service members and 3 Drug Enforcement Administration agents.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, British-based Barclays bought the home loans and savings arm of insurer Standard Life for ₤226 million, pursuing its expansion strategy after the part-purchase of failed US titan Lehman Brothers last year. Standard Life Bank, which has no retail branch network, was launched back in 1998.
    (AFP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In Iraq a car bomb at a police checkpoint near Karbala killed at least 4 people.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In the Marshall Islands traditional chief Jurelang Zedkaia was elected president by a slender 17-15 margin, replacing Litokwa Tomeing who was ousted in a no-confidence vote last week.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In Mexico a band of thieves swarmed into a railroad facility and held security guards at gunpoint while making off with three dozen new automobiles and trucks from a storage lot west of the capital.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 26, Mongolian PM Bayar Sanjaa said he wanted to resign for health reasons, bringing new political uncertainty to his impoverished but resource-rich nation.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, A key member of Nigeria's ruling party and close associate of former president Olusegun Obasanjo was sentenced to a total of 28 years in jail for corruption. Bode George and five co-accused "were given 28 years on the charges, but will serve two-and-half years since the sentences will run concurrently." George and five other directors of Nigeria Ports Plc were found guilty of fraud and contract inflation while serving on the board of the state-run company during Obasanjo's regime from 1999 to 2007.
    (AFP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 26, Nigeria signed a deal worth almost a billion dollars with a state-owned Chinese engineering firm to resuscitate part of its dilapidated railway system.
    (AFP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, Kang Tong Rim (30) defected into North Korea. The next day a South Korean military statement said Kang had formerly served in an army division near where a fence was found cut and he has been on a police wanted list following his alleged involvement in an assault case in September.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 26, In Pakistan a fight to secure Ghalai village, on the road from Kotkai to Sararogha, left six soldiers and 10 militants dead, bringing to 197 the number of militants and to 30 the number of troops killed so far.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, Pakistani police arrested 11 Iranian Revolutionary Guard officers for illegally entering the country, amid tensions over a suicide attack on Oct 18 that Tehran alleges was carried out by militants backed by Pakistani intelligence officials. The 11 officers were released the next day.
    (AP, 10/26/09)(AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 26, In South Africa Harmony Gold Mining Co. said four workers were trapped underground at its Target mine in the country's Free State province after ground fell on them in a section of the mine.
    (Reuters, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, South Korea offered a small amount of food aid to North Korea, its first direct assistance to the impoverished neighbor in nearly two years of strained relations.
    (AP, 10/26/09)
2009        Oct 26, In South Korea Dr. Hwang Woo-suk (56), a stem cell scientist, was convicted on criminal charges relating to faked research, but avoided jail time.
    (SFC, 10/27/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 26, Yemeni coast guards seized a boat that illegally entered the country's territorial waters and arrested five Iranians on board. Local media reported the next day that an Iranian boat smuggling weapons was captured and its Iranian crew arrested.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 27, President Barack Obama formally renewed US sanctions on Sudan under his new strategy of keeping up pressure while offering incentives to the Khartoum government. Robert Cabelly (61), a former State Department employee and US lobbyist, was charged with violating Sudanese sanctions regulations, acting as an unregistered agent of a foreign power, money laundering, passport fraud and making false statements.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, The NY Times reported that the brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai has been getting regular payments from the Central Intelligence Agency. The paper said Ahmed Wali Karzai is a suspected player in Afghanistan's opium trade and has been paid by the CIA over the past eight years for services that included helping to recruit an Afghan paramilitary force that operates at the CIA's direction in and around the southern city of Kandahar. Ahmed Wali Karzai denied reports that he has received regular payments from the CIA for much of the past eight years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Stanko Grmovsek (40) a Canadian man, pleaded guilty to US and Canadian criminal charges stemming from a 14-year insider trading scheme, a day after his alleged accomplice, Bay Street lawyer Gil Cornblum, apparently committed suicide.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Four months after Michael Jackson's death, red carpets were rolled out for 18 simultaneous screenings on five continents for "This Is It," culled from more than 100 hours of footage taken from rehearsals for the pop icon's comeback.
    (AFP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Authorities indefinitely closed the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge after a rod and a metal brace erected last month during an emergency repair job fell onto the bridge's westbound lanes, startling a pair of drivers who collided with the debris and leaving hundreds of others stranded in their cars during the evening commute. Over 5,000 pounds of metal crashed down onto traffic, totaling a couple of cars but leaving the drivers largely unscathed. The bridge remained closed thru the weekend.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 27, Prof. August Coppola, creator of the San Francisco Exploratorium’s Tactile Dome, died in Los Angeles. Coppola, a former trustee of the California State Univ. system, cofounded CSU’s Summer Arts Program in 1985, and was instrumental in pushing the SF Board of Education in 1992 for a High School of the Arts.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.C7)
2009        Oct 27, In Afghanistan 8 US troops died in "multiple, complex" bomb attacks in the south. One Afghan civilian was also killed, and several other troops were wounded and taken to a nearby medical facility.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Algeria and Britain signed a new defense agreement. An embassy spokeswoman said "This outline agreement aims to regularize cooperation between the two countries in defense matters, particularly the training of Algerian officers in Great Britain."
    (AFP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, A jury in the British Virgin Islands convicted dive shop owner David Swain of drowning his wife, Shelley Tyre (46) during a 1999 scuba-diving trip in what prosecutors called a near perfect murder. Authorities charged Swain with murder after a 2006 civil trial in Rhode Island found him responsible for his wife's death. That jury awarded Tyre's family $3.5 million, but Swain filed for bankruptcy and has not paid the sum. On Nov 10 a judge sentenced Swain to 25 years in jail. In 2011 Swain walked free after judges with the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court of Appeal found problems with the jury instructions during the 2009 trial.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 11/10/09)(AP, 9/29/11)
2009        Oct 27, In Canada 2 coyotes attacked and killed Taylor Mitchell (19), a singer-songwriter from Toronto, as she hiked alone in Cape Breton Highlands National Park in Nova Scotia.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 27, A Paris court convicted the French branch of the Church of Scientology of fraud and fined it more than euro600,000 ($900,000), but stopped short of banning the group as prosecutors had demanded.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A4)
2009        Oct 27, In Greece gunmen on a motorcycle fired on a suburban Athens police station with automatic weapons, wounding six police officers.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Greek authorities said 3 adults and 5 children drowned in the eastern Aegean Sea when a small boat carrying 17 illegal immigrants from Afghanistan hit rocks near the shore and sank.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, US-based Human Rights Watch said the Sept. 28 massacre by Guinean troops of at least 150 people and the rapes of dozens of women at a pro-democracy rally in Guinea were premeditated, and that rapes of kidnapped women continued for days.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Iran’s state television says Iran will agree to the "general framework" of a UN-drafted plan to ship enriched uranium out of the country for processing, but will seek "important changes" in the deal.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Amnesty International issued a report accusing Israel of pumping disproportionate amounts of drinking water from the Mountain Aquifer it controls in the West Bank, depriving local Palestinians of their fair share.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, An Italian appeals court upheld the conviction of British lawyer David Mills for accepting a bribe to lie in court to protect Silvio Berlusconi. A lower court found Mills guilty of corruption in May and sentenced him to 4 1/2 years. In 2010 Italy’s highest court overturned a guilty verdict against Mills, ruling that the stature of limitations had expired.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(SFC, 2/26/10, p.A2)
2009        Oct 27, The Japanese destroyer JS Kurama collided with the South Korean container ship Carina Star in the Kanmon Strait near the southern main island of Kyushu and both were engulfed in flames.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Lebanon-based militants launched a rocket into northern Israel hitting near the Israeli town of Kiryat Shemona. The attack drew a rapid response from Israeli artillery, which shelled the launch area. No casualties were reported on either side.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, A Lithuanian lawmaker said there is no evidence that US airplanes with al-Qaida suspects ever landed in the Baltic country. A recent report by ABC News claimed the CIA had a secret prison in Vilnius from September 2004 through November 2005.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Mexican police arrested Abel Valadez Oribe (32), who they say headed the operations of the "La Familia" drug cartel in the western state of Michoacan. Police found dismembered remains of a man in plastic bags by the side of a road in Uruapan, another city in Michoacan. In Tijuana a teenage girl (15) was killed by a stray bullet during a shootout between police and gunmen. Reporters in Tijuana were invited by military officials to a private, industrial property about 100 feet south of San Diego's Otay Mesa border crossing where Mexican soldiers discovered a secret tunnel complete with electricity and an air supply that may have been planned for smuggling migrants or drugs under the US border into San Diego. 4 police officers were killed by assailants who opened fired on them during a traffic stop in the central Mexico city of Puebla.
    (AP, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, At The Hague Radovan Karadzic boycotted his UN trial for a second day while prosecutors began outlining their genocide case against the former Bosnian Serb leader.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, In Nigeria the 78-year-old father of ex-Central Bank of Nigeria governor Charles Soludo was seized from his home. He was released on Nov 4. Soludo, who left office in June, was last month controversially nominated candidate for the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP) for upcoming state governorship elections. Aggrieved aspirants contested the nomination in the courts.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Oct 27, Pakistan's army pushed deeper into a Taliban sanctuary close to the Afghan border, claiming to have killed 42 militants in the latest stage of an offensive against extremists blamed for relentless attacks in recent weeks. Authorities announced the arrest of the alleged mastermind behind two recent bombings in the main northwest city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, A UN official said more than 300,000 children under the age of five die of preventable diseases each year in Sudan, almost a third of them before they reach the age of one month.
    (AFP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 27, Zimbabwe's PM Morgan Tsvangirai and ministers drawn from his MDC party boycotted a cabinet meeting led by Pres. Mugabe for the second time in as many weeks. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) confirmed that it will be sending its politics, defense and security body on a fact-finding mission to Harare. The bloc mediated the unity pact that underpins the government.
    (AFP, 10/27/09)
2009        Oct 27, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez said two Colombian spies have been captured and will go on trail for conducting espionage within his country. Colombia's security agency denied sending any agents into Venezuela.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 28, President Barack Obama signed a defense bill into law containing a new provision to pay Taliban fighters who renounce the insurgency. The defense also bill killed some costly weapons projects and expanded war efforts. In a major civil rights change, the law also made it a federal hate crime to assault people based on sexual orientation.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 28, In Alabama a federal jury convicted Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford on charges of accepting bribes in exchange for funneling $7.1 million in bond business to an investment banker.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 28, In Anchorage Bill Allen, an oil services executive at the heart of a federal investigation of corruption in Alaska, was sentenced to 3 years in prison and fine $750,000.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 28, A San Francisco judge ordered the closure of Pink Diamonds, a Tenderloin strip club, a directed its operator, Damone H. smith, to pay at least $688,500 in fines after he violated a court order to bring the club into compliance with local and state laws.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.D1)
2009        Oct 28, US federal agents in Dearborn, Michigan, arrested several members of a radical Sunni Islam group on charges that included conspiracy to sell stolen goods and the illegal possession and sale of firearms. Luqman Ameen Abddullah (53), a Muslim prayer leader, was shot and killed with 21 gunshot wounds after he refused to surrender and fired a weapon.  He had not been charged with a crime. An investigation into the killing was opened in 2010.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A6)(SFC, 2/3/10, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/yf57rdd)
2009        Oct 28, NASA launched its 327-foot Ares I-X, its new prototype moon rocket, skyward from Cape Canaveral on a suborbital test flight at a cost of $445 million.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A7)
2009        Oct 28, In Afghanistan Taliban militants wearing suicide vests and police uniforms stormed a guest house used by UN staff in the heart of Kabul. 11 people were killed, including 5 UN staff, 3 attackers, 2 security guards and an Afghan civilian. Liberian election worker Yah Lydia Wonyene (47) was one of the five UN staffers killed. It was the biggest in a series of attacks intended to undermine next month's presidential runoff election. The assault included rocket attacks at the presidential palace and the city's main luxury hotel. Two NATO members were killed in bomb blasts in the south, including one American.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/29/09)(AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Oct 28, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown welcomed Indian President Pratibha Patil on the second day of her state visit which he said showed growing ties between the two nations.
    (AFP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, The UN mission to Congo (MONUC) said Congolese soldiers killed their unit commander when he ordered them not to steal and pillage in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The men involved were former Mai-Mai militia members from the Congolese Resistance Patriots movement (PARECO) who recently became part of the army.
    (AFP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 28, Angela Merkel was sworn for a second term as German chancellor, a month after her party won national elections.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, Germany's Lutheran Church elected Margot Kaessmann (51), the first woman to lead the nation's Protestants.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, In Guinea tens of thousands of workers went on strike to mark the one-month anniversary of a massacre in which troops fatally shot pro-democracy demonstrators and raped women in broad daylight. 10 people who announced they were taking part in a hunger strike were arrested. The next day they were taken to a restaurant where they were forced to eat under threat of death. The 10 hunger strikers were released on Oct 30, after being detained inside a shipping crate with breathing holes.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 28, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, said that questioning the results of Iran's June presidential election is a crime.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, Kurdish President Massoud Barzani said the Kurds would not accept a proposed "special status," referring to distinct voting rules specifically for Kirkuk in Iraq's January election, which Kurds say would favor other ethnicities.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 28, Kuwait's highest court ruled that women lawmakers are not obliged by law to wear the headscarf, a blow to Muslim fundamentalists who want to fully impose Islamic Sharia law in this small oil-rich state.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, Lebanese troops found and dismantled four rockets near the border with Israel, a day after a brief flare-up across the tense boundary.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, Mozambique held elections. President Armando Guebuza was expected to retain power and move to attract more foreign investors. On Nov 2 President Armando Guebuza was declared the "landslide" winner by two election monitoring groups. Frelimo, the ruling party since independence in 1975, had received 71% of the vote with 89% of polling stations reporting. On Nov 11 election officials said President Armando Guebuza won the landslide re-election with 75% of the vote. On Nov 17 the main opposition Renamo party said the ruling party stuffed ballot boxes and expelled opposition monitors from polling stations to help it win the presidential election.
    (Reuters, 10/28/09)(AFP, 11/2/09)(AFP, 11/11/09)(AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Oct 28, Norway’s central bank became the first in Europe to tighten, raising its policy rate to 1.5% from 1.25%.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.70)
2009        Oct 28, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb tore through a busy market in Peshawar, killing 105 people, mostly women and children. US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton visited the country and pledged American support for its campaign against Islamist militants.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 28, In Rwanda Dismas Mukeshabatware, a member of Radio Rwanda's renowned Indamutsa theatre troupe, was sentenced on charges of murdering a woman and her three children in 1994 in the southern town of Butare. On Dec 16 he was acquitted on appeal.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Oct 28, Somalia’s PM Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke said that many countries are fishing illegally in Somali waters and have pushed formerly profitable Somali fishermen into the pirate trade. "We estimate that the value of the fish being taken from our waters is perhaps hundreds of millions of dollars." 5 people were killed in fighting after insurgents sent mortars toward the airport as the president was arriving.
    (AP, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 28, Somali pirates exchanged fire with a French fishing vessel. They sped away, but were soon stopped by a Spanish naval helicopter. 7 pirates were detained on the German naval vessel, FGS Karlsruhe.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, In Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents shot and killed two Buddhist civilians in separate drive-by attacks in the insurgency-plagued south.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, The UN said Zimbabwe's government has blocked a visit by Manfred Nowak, the UN’s torture investigator who was to examine alleged attacks on opposition activists by ruling party supporters.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 29, A US panel that refers cases to the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct announced that it was investigating two California Democrats, Reps. Maxine Waters and Laura Richardson, even as its embarrassed leaders took pains to explain that several other lawmakers also were identified in the leaked confidential committee memo but may have done nothing wrong.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, The US Commerce Dept. said the economy emerged from recession in the third quarter. The US economy grew 3.5% in the third quarter, rebounding from a year of contraction as the country emerged from prolonged recession.
    (AFP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, A US District judge in San Jose awarded Facebook $711 million in damages in an anti-spam case filed against online marketer Sanford Wallace, known as the “Spam King." Wallace filed for bankruptcy in June.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.D1)
2009        Oct 29, After months of struggle US House Democrats unveiled sweeping legislation to extend health care coverage to millions who lack it and create a new option of government-run insurance.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, A US Coast Guard airplane on a nighttime search for a boater collided with one of four Marine Corps helicopters flying in formation to a military training island off Southern California. All seven people aboard the Coast Guard plane and the two-person crew of the Marine Corps AH-1W Super Cobra helicopter were missing.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, In Cleveland, Ohio, police found the remains of 6 bodies at the home of Anthony Sowell (50) as they tried to arrest him on charges of felonious assault and rape. Sowell, a convicted rapist, was arrested on Oct 31. 5 more bodies were soon found at Sowell’s home. The women had begun disappearing in 2007. On July 22, 2011, Sowell was convicted of killing 11 women.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A20)(SFC, 11/5/09, p.A10)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)
2009        Oct 29, Algerian security forces seized 3.5 tons of cannabis as well as weapons and two all-terrain vehicles in the south of the country.
    (AFP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 29, In Brazil a single-prop Cessna Caravan plane went down on the Itui River in a remote part of the Amazon rain forest. Members of the Matis Indian tribe found the plane with 9 survivors of 11 on board.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 29, The Economist-sponsored Innovation Awards were handed out to 8 winners in London. They included Craig Venter (Bioscience) for his contributions to genomics; Ratan Tata (Business process) for pioneering the globalization of corporate India; Raymond Kurzweil (Computing and Telecom) for his work in artificial intelligence; Steve Sasson (Consumer products and Services) for his contributions to solar cell technology; Richard Swanson (Energy and Environment); Mark Zuckerberg (No boundaries) for popularizing social networking; Mikkel Vestergaard Frandsen (Social and Economic Innovation) for developing low-cost health devices; and Reckitt Benckiser (Corporate use of Innovation), the world’s biggest maker of household cleaning products, for its innovative and entrepreneurial corporate culture.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, TQ p.10)
2009        Oct 29, Chinese officials agreed to lift the ban on US pork imports they imposed last spring out of fear of swine flu.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, In northern Democratic Republic of Congo armed villagers killed at least 47 policemen trying to intervene in ethnic clashes.
    (Reuters, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, In the Czech Rep. farmers sprayed milk onto fields across the country to protest low prices.
    (SFC, 10/30/09, p.A2)
2009        Oct 29, The EU's stalled reform treaty overcame a crucial hurdle after EU leaders agreed to last-minute demands from the Czech Republic in return for the country's ratification of the ambitious deal. Czech President Vaclav Klaus had refused to sign the treaty until his country was an offered an opt-out from its Charter of Fundamental Rights. The Czech leader asked for the option over worries of property claims by ethnic Germans stripped of their land and expelled after World War II.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, African leaders imposed a new barrage of sanctions Guinea's military rulers, increasingly under fire in the wake of last month's massacre of scores of opposition supporters.
    (AFP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, Honduras filed a case at the UN's highest court accusing Brazil of meddling in internal Honduran affairs by allowing ousted President Manuel Zelaya to stay at its embassy in Tegucigalpa since Sep 21. Representatives of Zelaya finally reached an agreement with the interim government that could help end the months long dispute over the June 28 coup, and possibly pave the way for Zelaya's reinstatement. The agreement would create a power-sharing government and bind both sides to recognize the Nov. 29 presidential elections.
    (AP, 10/29/09)(AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, In Hungary Laszlo Majtenyi, the chairman of Hungary's national body in charge of awarding frequencies (ORTT), announced his resignation after ORTT took away 2 nationwide licenses from foreign-owned stations and gave them to 2 local firms, one with links to Fidesz, the right-wing opposition party.
    (www.bbj.hu/?col=1002&id=50638)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.60)
2009        Oct 29, In India a huge fire at an oil depot near Jaipur killed at least six people and injured 150. Officials said it would be allowed to burn out as firefighters had little hope of dousing it. The blaze was visible from over 25km (16 miles) away.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, India banned pre-paid mobile telephones in Kashmir, following concerns that militants were using them to trigger bombs and hide their identities.
    (AFP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, In Kuwait an American soldier was killed in an accident.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, The US rubber company Firestone said in a statement that it has conducted its own extensive testing of discharge water in Liberia and found it was not harmful to human health. The Liberian government has said a three-month investigation found high levels of orthophosphate being released into the water.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, Mexican authorities said a woman's body was found buried headfirst in a plastic container of cement in drug-plagued Tijuana.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, Mongolia's parliament confirmed Batbold Sukhbaatar, one of the country's wealthiest men as the new prime minister. The former foreign minister pledged to continue the pro-business policies of his predecessor Bayar Sanjaa, who stepped down as prime minister this week after seeking treatment for liver problems. Batbold made his fortune between 1992 and 2000 as head of the trading company Altai Trading Co. Ltd., which formed a gold mining joint venture with Canadian Centerra Gold Inc.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, The Pakistani army said troops were closing in on Kanigurram, described as an important base of Uzbek militants and an Tehreek-e-Taliban operational centre, saying that 11 militants and one soldier were killed.
    (AP, 10/29/09)
2009        Oct 29, Somali pirates continued their rampage around the Seychelles and seized a Thailand-flagged trawler, believed to be Russian-owned with a crew of 25. Somali pirates currently held a total of nine ships and around 200 crew. Pirates received a ransom and released the Thai Union 3 on March 7.
    (AP, 10/29/09)(AP, 3/7/10)
2009        Oct 29, In the US Virgin Islands a small plane crashed into a field and burst into flames shortly after taking off in St. Croix, killing all three people on board.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 29, In eastern Zimbabwe Elmon Mupombwa (41) killed three of his children with an ax and wounded two others. He also torched his home and killed his livestock — five cattle, 20 goats and 17 chickens — before hanging himself. Police said Mupombwa had attended a tribal ritual conducted by a spirit medium, also known as a witch doctor.
    (AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Oct 30, Pres. Obama announced an end to a 2-decade ban on people with HIV from entering the country.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A8)
2009        Oct 30, US banking regulators closed nine banks in California, Illinois, Texas and Arizona. They were all divisions of privately held FBOP Corp. based in Oak Park, Ill.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A15)
2009        Oct 30, The US Center for Disease Control said at least 114 children have died from swine flu complications since the spring, up from 95 a week earlier.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A5)
2009        Oct 30, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom announced that he was dropping out of the race for governor of California.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A1)
2009        Oct 30, In the San Francisco Bay the tanker Dubai Star began leaking fuel oil after a tank overflowed during refueling. Coast Guard officials later estimated that some 400-800 gallons of toxic oil leaked into the SF Bay killing at least 37 birds along the Alameda coastline.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.A1)(SFC, 11/3/09, p.C3)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)
2009        Oct 30, Norton Buffalo (58), harmonica virtuoso and long time member of the Steve Miller Band, died of cancer in Paradise, Ca.
    (SFC, 11/2/09, p.C1)
2009        Oct 30, In eastern Afghanistan a taxi carrying nine civilians hit a bomb buried in the road, killing everyone inside, including a mother and child.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, The prime minister of Bosnia's Serb half said he would pull out of talks on constitutional reform led by the United States and European Union set to speed up Bosnia's path to EU and NATO membership.
    (Reuters, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, The British government sacked David Nutt, the nation’s top drug advisor, following his remarks that marijuana, ecstasy and LSD were less dangerous than alcohol.
    (SFC, 10/31/09, p.S2)
2009        Oct 30, The BBC said Anton Turner (38), a British guide working on a children's television show in Tanzania, was killed after being charged by an elephant. The show "Serious Explorers" followed David Livingstone's famous 19th-century trek across the African continent.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Canada an Ontario judge approved the transfer of Canwest Global's flagship National Post newspaper into a new holding company, a move that will allow the money-losing daily to keep operating.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Canada a section of the mine about 500 meters (1,600 feet) below the surface flooded at the Bachelor Lake gold mine of Metanor Resources Inc. in northwestern Quebec. The bodies of all three missing miners were recovered after 3 days.
    (Reuters, 11/3/09)
2009        Oct 30, Ange-Felix Patasse, the former president of the Central African Republic (1999-2003), returned home after more than six years in exile. He planned to stand in the 2010 presidential elections.
    (AFP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, In China a bus plunged into a valley along a mountainous road in northern Shanxi province, killing 13 people and injuring at least 40 others.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Colombia the US ambassador and three Colombian ministers signed a pact in a private, low-key ceremony, to expand Washington's military's presence, a deal that Venezuela's Hugo Chavez has called a threat to the region's security.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Congo's foreign minister said India has offered Democratic Republic of Congo $263 million in loans to build hydroelectric plants and repair battered infrastructure in the war-ravaged nation. The two countries agreed to the final terms of the loan package this week during a four-day visit by Foreign Minister Alexis Thambwe Mwamba to India.
    (Reuters, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, European Union leaders agreed to contribute to a euro50 billion ($74 billion) annual aid fund that would help developing nations adapt to climate change, but failed to set a firm figure for exactly how much the EU would pay.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, The 16-deck Oasis of the Seas, the world's largest cruise liner, began its maiden voyage to Florida, gliding out from a shipyard in Finland with an amphitheater, basketball courts and an ice rink on board. The ship cost euro1 billion ($1.5 billion) and took two and a half years to build at the STX Finland Oy shipyard in Turku.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Guatemala an assistant to the judge handling the case of a man who blamed his death on Guatemala's president was killed by gunmen. Court employee Mark Monzon died of gunshot wounds in his car.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, Haitian lawmakers ousted PM Michele Pierre-Louis in a power struggle that threatens to undermine a campaign to attract foreign investment to the impoverished country. President Rene Preval turned to Jean-Max Bellerive, the minister of planning and external cooperation, as nominee to be the next premier.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Honduras interim President Roberto Micheletti and ousted Pres. Manuel Zelaya singed the Tegucigalpa-San Jose Accord. The power-sharing agreement required Mr. Zelaya to drop his plan for a referendum on constitutional reform.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.37)
2009        Oct 30, Indonesian officials and fishermen said thousands of dead fish and clumps of oil have been found drifting near the coastline more than two months after an Australian underwater well began leaking in the Timor Sea on Aug 21.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Two American soldiers in Iraq died of noncombat related injuries in separate incidents.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, Mexican authorities said they have detained a large-scale drug trafficker and also broken up a ring in Cuernavaca that allegedly laundered around $37 million for a drug cartel. The army says it detained Oscar Orlando Nava Valencia, the alleged leader of the "Valencia" drug gang, and nine alleged associates in the western state of Jalisco. Rights activists in the border city of Tijuana have hung 5,100 small white crosses on the fence straddling the US frontier to commemorate migrants who have died trying to cross. Margarito Montes Parra, the leader of a farmworkers' organization, and 14 other people were killed in a mass shooting in the northern state of Sonora. Local news media reported that Montes had led peasant and squatters' movements involved in land seizures and that his group has sometimes had violent clashes with rival claimants to land.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 30, ING, the biggest bank in the Netherlands, said that it would dismember itself by splitting its banking and insurance business and selling its American online banking arm.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.85)
2009        Oct 30, Pakistani forces said they are closing in on a major Taliban base inside the militant stronghold of South Waziristan, and announced it had killed 14 militants in a day of fighting. A total of 289 militants and 34 government soldiers have been killed in the offensive, according to a tally of army figures. Six more militants have been arrested.
    (AP, 10/30/09)
2009        Oct 30, In Puerto Rico new Gov. Luis Fortuno's issued an order allowing large-scale development inside a 3,200-acre parcel of land immediately north of El Yunque, the only tropical rain forest in the US National Forest system. Previous Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila had declared the Northeast Ecological Corridor off-limits to all but small, eco-friendly projects after a preservation campaign backed by actor Benicio del Toro and attorney Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Oct 30, President Dmitry Medvedev told Russians that there can be no justification for the Soviet government's crimes against its own people, lamenting millions of deaths and "maimed destinies" in some of the strongest criticism of the Communist era to come from the Kremlin since Vladimir Putin came to power a decade ago.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 30, South Korea announced plans to send troops to Afghanistan to protect its civilian aid workers, two years after withdrawing its forces following a fatal hostage crisis.
    (AP, 10/30/09)

2009        Oct 31, Pres. Obama hosted a Halloween party at the White House for children of military personnel and White House administrators. In 2012 New York Times correspondent Jodi Kantor, tells of the first Halloween party in “The Obamas."
2009        Oct 31, In Mendota, Ca., searchers found the body of Alex Mercado (4) stuffed into a clothes dryer. Raul Renato Castro (14) later told investigators that he drowned his neighbor in a bathtub and then hid the body in a dryer because the child was going to reveal that the teen had molested him.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.C3)
2009        Oct 31, In Seattle, Wa., gunfire on a police patrol car killed police officer Timothy Brenton (39). He became the first city police officer killed in the line of duty since 2006. On Nov 6 suspect Christopher Monfort was shot by police as he drew a gun on officers investigating the death of Brenton. Monfort was in serious condition following surgery.
    (SFC, 11/2/09, p.A5)(SSFC, 11/8/09, p.A14)
2009        Oct 31, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton met with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and aides in the Gulf emirate of Abu Dhabi before flying to Israel, where she is expected to meet senior Israeli officials in a push to restart peace negotiations. A senior Palestinian official said the Palestinians are unlikely to resume negotiations if Israel does not halt Jewish settlement building. After the talks Clinton called for an unconditional resumption of peace talks and welcomed Israel's offer for a slowdown in settlement activity.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Oct 31, Amrullah Saleh, Afghanistan’s intelligence chief, said authorities have arrested eight people, including one in Saudi Arabia, in connection with this week's deadly attack on a guest house used by UN employees. He said those arrested claimed the assailants came from Pakistan's Swat Valley. In southern Helmand province a British soldier was killed in an explosion. An American died of wounds suffered from a bomb attack.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(AFP, 11/1/09)(AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Oct 31, A British government official said the Royal Bank of Scotland, Northern Rock, and Lloyds Banking Group are to sell off as many as 700 branches in the next few years in exchange for the public aid they received during the economic meltdown.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, In Canada 2 men sought by the FBI and linked to a Detroit Muslim leader killed by US authorities were arrested in Windsor, Ontario. Mohammad Al-Sahli (33) and Yassir Ali Kahn (30) were wanted by the FBI for conspiracy to commit federal crimes.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, China's legislature removed Zhou Ji (63), the country's unpopular education minister, amid a corruption scandal in a city he used to oversee and widespread public dissatisfaction with the education system.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Oct 31, Qian Xuesen (b.1911), a rocket scientist known as the father of China's space technology program, died in Beijing. Qian left for the US after winning a scholarship to graduate school in 1936. He studied at MIT and later at the California Institute of Technology, where he helped start the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Qian, also known as Tsien Hsue-shen, was regarded as one of the brightest minds in the new field of aeronautics before returning to China in 1955, driven out of the US at the height of anticommunist fervor.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, In Guatemala gunmen killed one prison guard and wounded four others outside a prison in Guatemala City.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Oct 31, Senior Iranian lawmakers rejected a UN-backed plan to ship much of the country's uranium abroad for further enrichment, raising further doubts about the likelihood Tehran will finally approve the deal.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, Italian police arrested one of the country's most wanted mafia fugitives after tearing down a wall in a dawn raid at a chicken farm near Naples where he had built a hideout. Salvatore Russo (51), the head of a Camorra clan carrying his name, had been sentenced to life in prison for homicide and links to organized crime and was on the run since 1995.
    (AFP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, In Mexico Mayor Mauricio Fernandez told cheering supporters in San Pedro Garza Garcia, near Monterrey, that "Black Saldana, who apparently is the one who was asking for my head, was found dead today in Mexico City." Hours later Mexican officials found four bound bodies in a sport utility vehicle with hand-lettered messages identifying the dead men as kidnappers. Hector “Black" Soldana was not identified for another 2 days. Fernandez later said US authorities had tipped him off that somebody intercepted cartel communications and learned Saldana was planning to kill him, and he said unspecified intelligence sources told him Saldana was dead hours before the bodies were found.
    (AP, 11/2/09)(AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Oct 31, Pakistani soldiers closed in on two major Taliban strongholds in South Waziristan, as government jets pounded insurgent hide-outs and the prime minister said the country had no choice but to defeat the militants. Pakistani jets bombed three hide-outs of Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud in the Orkazai tribal region, killing at least 8 militants and wounding several others. Another airstrike, about 40 miles (70km) from the first and near the Afghan border, killed 7 militants in the Kurram tribal region. The army said government soldiers had killed a total of 33 militants over the past 24 hours, discovered a factory for making roadside bombs and seized a handful of weapons. 7 paramilitary soldiers driving through the Khyber tribal area were killed in a roadside bomb planted by suspected Taliban militants. In Karachi police arrested 3 suspected militants and seized 30 kilograms (65 pounds) of explosives and other weaponry.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, In Playa Blanca, Panama, 2 teenage boys wounded an American and a Russian tourist in a botched robbery attempt. Police announced the arrest of the 2 teenagers on Nov 3.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Oct 31, In the Philippines Typhoon Mirinae, the 4th since late September, battered Manila and surrounding provinces, sending residents of one town clambering onto rooftops to escape rising waters. 20 people wee left dead with east 5 missing.
    (AP, 10/31/09)(AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Oct 31, A Russian news agency reported that Moscow plans to buy a French amphibious assault ship, the first such purchase from a NATO country, as the Kremlin seeks to reaffirm Russia's global reach.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, Ahmed Gadaf, a self-described spokesman for Somali pirates, said that boats from other countries are plundering Somalia's fish-rich waters.
    (AP, 10/31/09)
2009        Oct 31, The Ukrainian government ordered schools nationwide to close for 3 weeks due to swine flu, which has left 33 people dead. Public gatherings were also banned and restrictions on travel were imposed to stop the spread of the virus.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A6)
2009        Oct 31, The Vatican said it will admit married Anglican priests to the Catholic priesthood case by case. In no case could a married man become a bishop, and the new rules would exclude any married Anglican bishop from retaining that post.
    (AP, 10/31/09)

2009        Oct, A project overseen by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) began to send Venezuelan, Costa Rican and Peruvian young people to Cuba in hopes of ginning up rebellion. The travelers worked undercover, often posing as tourists, and traveled around the island scouting for people they could turn into political activists.
    (AP, 8/4/14)
2009        Oct, Ryan Lister, Mattia Pelizzola and their colleagues of the Salk Institute of California published their results on the US government Roadmap Epigenome Program, a look at how the activity of genes regulates the 220 of so different cells of the human body.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.93)
2009        Oct, Researchers found that a bug named xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) occurred in 67% of patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The bug had already been implicated in prostate cancer, breast cancer and lymphoma.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.80)
2009        Oct, The Bin Laden family went under the spotlight in "Growing Up Bin Laden," written by Omar bin Laden and his mother, Najwa bin Laden. In Dec, 2009, Omar bin Laden, revealed that many of the children who had been with their father in Afghanistan escaped to Iran following the 2001 US-led invasion, and were still together in a walled compound under Iranian guard.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2009        Oct, Brazil imposed a 2% entry tax on portfolio investments in an effort to stop its currency, the real, from appreciating. This was soon raised to 4% and then to 6%. In 2012 Brazil started to dismantle its capital controls.
    (Econ, 10/1/16, SR p.11)
2009        Oct, In the Democratic Republic of Congo fighting broke out between two tribes, the Lobala and the Bombona, in a dispute over rich fishing waters in Dongo, 200 km (125 miles) south of Gemena, the main town in the Sud-Oubangui district. The clashes left some 270 people dead. A 600-strong unit of commando reinforcements wrested back control of the Dongo region on December 13.
    (AFP, 12/3009)
2009        Oct, In Iran Yusuf Nadarkhani (30) was arrested and condemned to death for apostasy under Islamic sharia law. He had turned to Christianity when he was 19 and later became a pastor in the northern city of Rasht. The conviction was upheld in 2010. In July, 2011, the supreme court overturned the death sentence and sent the case back to the court in his hometown in Gilan province. His release was reported on Sep 9, 2012.
    (AP, 9/29/11)(AP, 10/2/11)(AP, 9/9/12)
2009        Oct, In Lithuania Egle Kusaite (20) was detained in an undercover operation after police received a tip about her alleged connections to Chechen rebels and radical Islamic groups. She was detained on suspicion of plotting a suicide attack against an undisclosed Russian military target. Information about her detention was kept quiet until her court hearing in May, 2010. In 2013 she was sentenced to 10 months in prison for engaging in terrorist activities. On April 4, 2014, an appeals court overturned her conviction saying she had expressed an intention to commit terror acts, but had no concrete plan.
    (AP, 5/4/10)(AP, 4/4/14)
2009        Oct, In Lithuania Drasius Kedys (31) allegedly shot and killed two people he had accused of abetting an alleged pedophile ring that preyed on his 5-year-old daughter. One of the dead was the mother's sister. He then disappeared, only to be found dead six months later. Two months later, one of three men whom Kedys accused of molesting his daughter, died after ostensibly falling from his dune buggy and drowning in a creek 8 inches deep. The mother, Laimute Stankunaite, claimed Kedys fabricated the pedophilia claims to discredit her.
    (AP, 6/11/12)
2009        Oct, Turkish ministers traveled to Baghdad and Damascus to sign a package of 48 co-operation deals with Iraq and 40 with Syria, covering everything from tourism to counter-terrorism and joint military exercises.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.57)

2009        Nov 1, CIT Group Inc., a lender to small businesses, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection with the backing of most bondholders in a so-called “prepackaged" filing.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.70)
2009        Nov 1, Meb Keflezighi (27), an Eritrean born American citizen, won the New York City Marathon (2:09:15). Derartu Tulu of Ethiopia was the women's winner (2:28:52).
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 1, Sister Marguerite Bartz (64) was found dead on the Indian reservation of Navaho, NM. On Nov 6 Reehahlio Carroll (18) was charged with premeditated killing in the slaying Bartz. On April 5, 2013 Carroll pleaded guilty to 2nd-degree murder and faced 40 years in prison.
    (http://cbs5.com/national/nun.found.dead.2.1288177.html)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A4)(SFC, 4/6/13, p.A4)
2009        Nov 1, Afghanistan Challenger Abdullah Abdullah pulled out of the nation’s run-off election, plunging the country into fresh political chaos as international pressure grew for the race to be scrapped. After Karzai snubbed a series of demands promoted by his rival as a chance to avoid a repeat of massive first-round fraud, Abdullah said he saw no point in standing, but stopped short of calling for a boycott.
    (AFP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, A boat carrying 39 apparent asylum seekers sank in the Indian Ocean far from shore. A Taiwanese fishing trawler and the merchant ship LNG Pioneer arrived in the area and deployed life rafts and began plucking people from the water. The stricken ship was in Australia's maritime search and rescue zone when it sent out distress calls. Up to 11 were still missing, and one person was confirmed dead.
    (AFP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 1, PTTEP Australasia attempted to plug a leaking well of the West Atlas drilling rig when a fire then broke out on the rig. The operation to stem the leak has involved the Thai-based operator towing the West Triton rig from Singapore, which took five weeks, to drill down some 2.6km under the seabed to the source of the emissions. The leak has dumped thousands of barrels of oil into the Timor Sea since it began on August 21. The blaze was brought under control on Nov 3 when experts managed to plug the leak that has spewed tons of crude over the past 10 weeks.
    (AP, 11/1/09)(AFP, 11/2/09)(AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 1, In China a ship carrying 100 tons of hydrochloric acid sank in the Yangtze river after colliding with another vessel.
    (AFP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, It was reported that hundreds of former Chilean military draftees were making a provocative offer to Chile's government: They would reveal details of crimes committed by Gen. Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship, but only if their safety is guaranteed.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, In Honduras the US secretary of labor, Hilda Solis, and a former Chilean president, Ricardo Lagos, were named to a commission tasked with monitoring the creation of a power-sharing government, under a US-brokered agreement to end the nation's 4-month-old political crisis.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 1, In southern Iraq a bomb attached to a bicycle near Hillah killed five people and wounded 37. In the western city of Ramadi, two people — including a policeman — were killed when twin car bombs exploded minutes apart in the visitors' parking lot of the city's Traffic Police Directorate. 3 people were killed when a bomb that was detonated remotely exploded on a bus as the vehicle approached a police checkpoint in the southern city of Karbala.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, Israeli security officials said authorities have arrested Jack Teitel (37), a Jewish-American extremist suspected of carrying out a series of high-profile hate crimes.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, In Kosovo thousands of ethnic Albanians braved low temperatures and a cold wind in the capital Pristina to welcome former President Bill Clinton as he attended the unveiling of an 11-foot (3.5-meter) statue of himself on a key boulevard that also bears his name.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, Mexican soldiers in the border city of Tijuana detained a group of 13 suspects after a shootout that wounded a soldier and a gunman. Soldiers raided and destroyed three methamphetamine labs in the western state of Michoacan. The raids netted five suspects and more than two metric tons of apparent methamphetamine.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 1, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton arrived in Morocco for a series of meetings with Arab leaders to discuss Middle East peace and other issues.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, Mohamud Said Omar (43) was arrested at the request of US authorities in an asylum seeker's center in Dronten, Netherlands. US authorities suspected Omar of bankrolling the purchase of weapons for Islamic extremists and helping other Somalis travel to Somalia in 2007 and 2008. He had a US green card and was also suspected of recruiting youth in Minneapolis for Islamic terrorism in Somalia.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 1, In Pakistan military jets and helicopter gunships pounded militant positions in and around Makeen. Government forces have laid siege to Sararogha, captured all the important features and ridges overlooking the town and cleared half of Kaniguram, a hub of Uzbek militants. 9 militants and two soldiers were killed in fighting, taking the militants' death toll to 331 in 16 days of fighting.
    (Reuters, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, In Palau 6 Chinese Muslims, ethnic Uighers, newly released from Guantanamo Bay, traded life behind bars for rooms with ocean view in the tiny Pacific nation, which agreed to a US request to resettle them.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, The Palestinians accused US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton of undermining progress toward Mideast peace talks after she praised Israel for offering to curb some Jewish settlement construction.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, A Russian heavy-lift military cargo plane crashed on takeoff in Siberia, killing all 11 crew members on board.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, A Saudi Arabia Interior Ministry spokesman said authorities have discovered large quantities of weapons in the capital Riyadh belonging to al-Qaida terror network. The discovery included 281 assault rifles and 51 ammunition boxes.
    (AP, 11/1/09)
2009        Nov 1, Somali pirates hijacked a Panamanian-flagged cargo ship with 18 crew off the east coast of Africa, the latest in an increasing number of attacks. The hijacking of the al-Mizan was not reported until Nov 10 when the bandits demanded a $3 million ransom. The ship was reported released on Nov 23. The pirates asked for and received $15,000 for "expenses." A self-proclaimed pirate named Abdi Nor said that pirates did not demand a ransom since the ship was bound for Mogadishu and carried goods owned by Somalis.
    (AP, 11/10/09)(AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 1, Somaliland defense minister Saleban Warsame Guled said a roadside bomb in the country's semiautonomous northern region has killed two people, including Osman Yusuf, an infantry division commander.
    (AP, 11/1/09)

2009        Nov 2, President Barack Obama thanked German Chancellor Angela Merkel for her country's "sacrifice" in keeping forces in Afghanistan, noting she was being honored as the first German leader to address a joint session of Congress.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 2, The new US Navy assault ship New York arrived at Pier 88. The 684 foot, $1 billion ship was included 7½ tons of steel in its hull from the World Trade Center.
    (SFC, 11/3/09, p.A11)
2009        Nov 2, Traffic opened on the SF Bay Bridge after 6 days of emergency structural repair. Engineers expected that it would be closed again in few months for a permanent fix.
    (SFC, 11/3/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 2, Afghanistan's election commission proclaimed President Hamid Karzai the victor of the country's tumultuous ballot. The cancellation of the runoff vote came one day after former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah announced he was pulling out of the Nov. 7 vote. The commission had the authority to make the decision because the Afghan constitution only allows for a runoff between two candidates.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, In Brazil some 1.5 million evangelical Christians joined the annual "March for Jesus," an event sponsored by a church whose leaders recently returned after being imprisoned in the US for money smuggling.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 2, A top UN official announced that the UN has withdrawn its support for Congolese army units operating in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, accusing its soldiers of killing 62 civilians.
    (AFP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, French-born writer Marie Ndiaye (b.1967) won France's top literary prize for "Three Strong Women," her moving tale of the struggles of women in Europe and Africa. She was born in Pithiviers, to a French mother and a Senegalese father and currently lived in Berlin.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, The International Monetary Fund said it has sold 200 metric tons of gold worth $6.7 billion to India's central bank as part of an effort to shore up IMF finances and increase low-cost lending to developing countries. The purchase put gold at 6% of India’s reserves and helped push the price of gold to over $1,100 a troy ounce.
    (AP, 11/3/09)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.86)
2009        Nov 2, In Iraq an American soldier died of noncombat related injuries.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 2, In Japan it was revealed that PM Yukio Hatoyama had failed to declare some $800,000 in income from stock sales. He already faced flak for falsified fundraising reports.
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, p.A10)
2009        Nov 2, In Kashmir the bodies of 2 senior rebels, mauled to death by a wild bear, were recovered. Police said they were members of the region's most powerful group, Hizbul Mujahedin and had been active in Indian Kashmir for more than six years.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 2, In Mali the burned debris of a Boeing cargo plane was discovered on Nov. 2 in the Gao region. It was assumed to have landed on a clandestine landing strip and either failed to take off again or was destroyed on purpose. Ample traces of cocaine were found on board. Drug smugglers had flown the plane from Venezuela, unloaded it and torched it. In 2010 it was reported that drug smugglers were buying old jets and flying them across the Atlantic to feed Europe’s growing coke habit.
    (AP, 12/3/09)(SFC, 11/16/10, p.A6)
2009        Nov 2, In Mexico El Tiempo de Durango journalist Jose Bladimir Antuna was kidnapped in the morning. Authorities found his body the same night in a vacant lot in the Durango state capital, about 400 miles southwest of Laredo, Texas. The bodies of three men with bullet and knife wounds were found by relatives in the southern state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 2, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed 35 people outside a bank in Rawalpindi, as the UN said spreading violence has forced it to start pulling out some expatriate staff and suspend long-term development work in areas along the Afghan border. Hours after the first blast, another suicide bomber struck in Lahore, exploding a car at a police checkpoint as officers went to search it. At least 7 policemen were injured and two were in critical condition. Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas said the army had captured the town of Kaniguram, one of the Taliban's bases, and killed 12 more militants in the past 24 hours of the offensive.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, Panama's government said it is building four air and sea monitoring stations on its Pacific coast to fight trafficking of drugs, weapons and migrants. Assistant Interior Minister Alejandro Garuz said the sites will be manned by the national police, border agents and other government agencies.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, In the central Philippines a fire swept through a residential building as people slept in a slum community, killing 16 residents including women and children.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, In Russia Shabattai Kalmanovitch (60), a prominent businessman, was shot dead in Moscow. He had been convicted in Israel in 1987 of being a KGB spy.
    (SFC, 11/3/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 2, The Swiss government said it has handed banking documents over to Argentina in a $25 million dollar corruption probe linked to former President Carlos Menem and French defense company Thales.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, A Thai official said about half of Thailand's national lawmakers are taking advantage of a new government plan allowing them to purchase guns at a discount and receive a license to carry them anywhere.
    (AP, 11/2/09)
2009        Nov 2, In Venezuela a lone gunman approached Gustavo Gonzalez, a member of the Copei opposition party, at a restaurant, fatally shot the politician in the head and fled on a motorcycle driven by an accomplice. 2 National Guard soldiers were shot multiple times at a roadside checkpoint near the border with Colombia. Prosecutors believed the troops were attacked by four men on two motorcycles. Johan Manuel Mora Rodriguez (20) was detained at a National Guard checkpoint near where the killings occurred in western Tachira state.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 2, Tropical Storm Mirinae slammed into Vietnam's central coast, unleashing heavy rains and winds and forcing more than 80,000 people to evacuate before losing steam as it moved inland. The storm killed at least 98 people. Mirinae also killed two people in Cambodia and left 19 people dead and three missing in the Philippines.
    (AP, 11/2/09)(AP, 11/3/09)(AFP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 3, The US began a new policy of engagement with Myanmar's ruling military junta, sending two senior diplomats for the highest-level visit in more than a decade.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Democrats suffered humiliating gubernatorial losses in traditionally Democratic New Jersey and in Virginia. In New Jersey Chris Christie still defeated Gov. Jon Corzine by 4 points — the largest victory by a New Jersey Republican in nearly a quarter-century. In Virginia Bob McDonnell cruised to an easy victory in the governor’s race, leading a sweep of the state’s three top offices that decisively ended a string of Democratic victories in the state.
    (Politico, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 3, In California Democrat John Garamendi (64) won the US House seat vacated by Rep. Ellen Tauscher, who has taken an arms control job in the State Dept.
    (SFC, 11/6/09, p.A10)
2009        Nov 3, Voters in Maine repealed a state law that would have allowed same-sex couples to wed. Gay marriage has now lost in all 31 states in which it has been put to a popular vote.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 3, NYC voters gave a narrow win to Mayor Michael Bloomberg over Bill Thompson. Bloomberg was reckoned to have spent some $100 million to win his 3rd term.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.30)
2009        Nov 3, In North Dakota 3 female Dickinson State Univ. softball players were found dead after their sport utility vehicle went into a pond on a farm during a stargazing trip on Nov 1. Authorities said they likely drove straight into the water in the dark.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 3, In Philadelphia, Pa., transit workers went on strike after rejecting a proposed contract that included an 11.5% wage increase over 5 years.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 3, Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Inc. agreed to buy Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corp., making a $34 billion bet on the future of the US economy. Berkshire already owned over a fifth of BNSF and took on about $10 billion of Burlington debt bringing the size of the deal to $44 billion.
    (AP, 11/3/09)(SFC, 11/4/09, p.D1)
2009        Nov 3, New Jersey-based Johnson & Johnson, the world’s largest health products company, said it will cut over 7,000 jobs due to lagging demand amid the global recession.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.D2)
2009        Nov 3, Afghanistan's Pres. Karzai welcomed his new term, by reaching out to opponents and promising to banish the corruption that has undermined his administration. In northern Kunduz province, Afghan and international troops have been fighting for two days to take the Taliban-held town of Ghor Tapa. About 200 insurgents were holed up in the town, including foreign fighters, mostly Chechens. 11 insurgents and one Afghan soldier were killed. A "rogue" Afghan policeman gunned down five British soldiers at a checkpoint in Helmand province, fuelling growing questions about the Afghan mission.
    (AP, 11/3/09)(AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 3, African countries boycotted meetings at UN climate talks in Barcelona, saying that industrial countries had set carbon-cutting targets too low for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Britain pressed ahead with a fresh wave of restructuring in its crisis-ravaged banking system, as Lloyds Banking Group PLC sought at least 21 billion pounds ($34.2 billion) through a record share issue and debt swap. World stock markets mostly fell amid renewed concerns about the banking sector after Britain's Royal Bank of Scotland PLC got more government help and Switzerland's UBS AG booked another massive charge.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, The British government said survivors of the Darfur conflict will no longer be deported from Britain, after concerns about a deterioration in conditions in the Sudanese capital. The Home Office said asylum seekers will have the right to remain in Britain for up to five years, or until the situation improves in Sudan.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, In China a woman called the "godmother" of a mafia-style gang in the southern city of Chongqing was sentenced to 18 years in prison for running underground casinos and bribing government officials.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Senior Lord's Resistance Army commander Charles Arop, who was implicated in leading a massacre on Christmas Day that killed at least 143 Congolese, surrendered to the Ugandan military stationed in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 3, Czech President Vaclav Klaus signed the EU reform treaty, completing the ratification process of a charter designed to transform Europe into a more unified and powerful global player.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, In Equatorial Guinea Simon Mann (57), a British coup-plotter, and four South African mercenaries, pardoned for attempting the overthrow the government of the tiny oil-rich African nation, were freed from prison. Mann, who was born into a world of wealth and privilege, had been serving a 35-year sentence in Equatorial Guinea for the 2004 plot.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Europe's court of human rights ruled the display of crucifixes in Italian public schools violates religious and education freedoms under the continent's rights convention. The court ordered Italy to pay a $7,390 fine to a mother who has fought for 8 years to have crucifixes removed from public school classrooms. The Vatican denounced the ruling.
    (AP, 11/3/09)(SFC, 11/4/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 3, Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Finland's Nokia Corp. and Siemens AG of Germany, said it will lay off up to 5,700 workers globally as part of a move to cut annual costs by euro500 million ($740 million).
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Claude Levi-Strauss (b.1908), Brussels-born French intellectual, died. He was widely considered the father of modern anthropology for work that included theories about commonalities between tribal and industrial societies. His books included literary and anthropological classics such as "Tristes Tropiques" (1955), “La Pensee Sauvage" (1962) published in English as "The Savage Mind" (1963), and "The Raw and the Cooked" (1964).
    (AP, 11/3/09)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.106)
2009        Nov 3, Mexican police and soldiers killed Miguel Angel Meneses, a federal agent driving one of three cars that ignored orders to stop in Chihuahua, triggering a chase and gunbattle. Federal police and navy personnel shot to death a top Zetas cartel suspect in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz. The navy said suspect Braulio Arellano Dominguez was the reputed leader of the Zetas, a gang of hit men tied to the Gulf Cartel.
     (AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 3, Maj. Gen. Amos Yadlin, Israel’s military intelligence chief, said Hamas militants in Gaza have successfully test-fired an Iranian rocket able to reach Israel's largest urban center. He said the rocket could fly 37 miles (60km), and strike metropolitan Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, In Morocco US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced a package of measures designed to help businesses and non-governmental groups around the Muslim world. Clinton made the announcement at the sixth Forum for the Future conference in Marrakech, which she attended for two days.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Mozambique's main opposition party claimed that polls that gave a landslide victory to the southern African country's ruling party were rigged.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, North Korea said it has reprocessed 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods and extracted enough plutonium to bolster its atomic stockpile, raising the stakes in an apparent effort to push the US into direct negotiations.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, In Pakistan a passenger train smashed into a cargo train on the edge of Karachi killing 16 people, including women and children. The army announced that 21 militants had been killed in the past 24 hours in South Waziristan and that government forces were continuing to press into Taliban territory. Militant leader Hakimullah Mehsud spoke to his followers in a speech broadcast over a wireless radio network. Of those who do run away, he warned, "Such people will go to hell."
    (AFP, 11/3/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 3, In the Philippines government troops attacked an Abu Sayyaf camp in the rebels' southern stronghold before dawn, triggering a five-hour clash in which five of the al-Qaida-linked militants were killed and one government militiaman was wounded.
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Rwanda said it has urged the UN to list the Rwandan Hutu rebel group operating in eastern Congo as a terrorist organization.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Francisco Ayala (103), Spanish novelist and sociologist, died in Madrid. He was one of Spain's leading scholars and had gone into exile during the country's decades of dictatorship. Ayala published his first book, "Tragicomedia de un hombre sin espiritu" (Tragicomedy of a Man Without Spirit), in 1925. The collapse of moral order and the hopelessness of human relations are also common themes in pessimistic and satirical novels such as "Muertes de Perro" (Death as a Way of Life) and "El Jardin de Las Delicias" (Garden of Delights).
    (AP, 11/3/09)
2009        Nov 3, Unidentified gunmen infiltrated from Yemen and attacked Saudi security guards patrolling the Mount Dokhan border area. 3 senior security men were killed.
    (AP, 11/5/09)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.47)

2009        Nov 4, The New York Yankees beat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-3 in Game 6, finally seizing the World Series crown, the team's first since winning three straight from 1998-2000, making it championship No. 27.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, US federal prosecutors In NYC charged 53 people with running open-air drug markets at two housing projects near Yankee Stadium. Early morning raids had resulted in 37 arrests along with seizures of cash, guns and stockpiles of heroin and crack cocaine.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 4, US federal prosecutors said Alan Huey (53), a former top executive of SK Foods, has agreed to plead guilty to taking part in a 4-year conspiracy in which the California tomato processor bribed food companies and mislabeled tomato paste that exceeded government mold standards.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.C2)
2009        Nov 4, The US Dept. of Agriculture said pigs in a commercial herd in Indiana have tested positive for swine flu, making it the first time the virus has been found in such hogs.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A9)
2009        Nov 4, The city council of Red Bluff, Ca., approved 2 measures banning the growth and sale of medical marijuana, which contradicts current state law.
    (SFC, 11/5/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 4, In South Carolina Rodell Vereen, caught on video having sex with a horse, was sentenced to three years in prison after pleading guilty for the second time in two years to abusing the creature.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In western Afghanistan 2 US paratroopers went missing while trying to recover airdropped supplies from a river. The body of one soldier was reported found on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/7/09)(AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Australia a stabbing rampage at a secure psychiatric hospital left two people dead. The next day Peko Lakovski (49) was charged with two counts of murder after reportedly attacking his room-mate Raymond Splatt with a kitchen knife, before turning on another patient who was in bed at the time.
    (AFP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, British lawmakers will be banned from using taxpayers' money to make mortgage payments on second homes or hiring family members as staff under new rules published today in the wake of a scandal over legislators' allowances.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Cambodia said it has appointed former Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra as economic adviser to premier Hun Sen and his administration.
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Canada senior health officials in Alberta said they had fired an unidentified worker for giving National Hockey League players preferential access to the H1N1 flu vaccine.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, In China a guard at an unofficial jail in Beijing pleaded guilty to raping a young detainee, in a case that has put a spotlight on "black jails" where a growing number of people seeking justice from the government end up. The woman (21), from central Anhui province, had been expelled from college because of poor exam scores and came to Beijing to ask the government to reinstate her. The woman escaped the "black jail" with about 50 other detainees after the guard fled following the alleged rape. On Nov 12 Human Rights Watch said the unofficial black jails have evolved into a cottage industry and blamed a civil service evaluation system that penalizes officials if too many of their people complain to the central government. It was estimated that some 10,000 people were detained annually.
    (AP, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 4, El Salvador's defense minister said the army will send an additional 2,500 soldiers to crime-plagued parts of the country to increase security. In the first 10 months of the year, there were 3,673 homicides in El Salvador, up from 3,179 in all of 2008. Many killings involved street gangs.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Fiji’s military leader Commodore Bainimarama booted out the High Commissioners of Australia and New Zealand. He said they were interfering with his efforts to replaced judges he sacked in April. He said relations would be restored only in 2014.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.53)
2009        Nov 4, Germany's politicians fumed with anger and Opel workers canceled cost concessions and readied walkouts after General Motors Co. abandoned the sale of its European subsidiary to parts maker Magna International and Russian lender Sberbank.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In southern India at least eight children drowned when a boat carrying at least 35 students capsized on the Chaliyar river in the Malappuram district of Kerala state.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Iranian security forces beat anti-government protesters with batons on the sidelines of state-sanctioned rallies to mark the 30th anniversary of the US Embassy takeover. The counter-demonstrations were the opposition's first major show of force on Tehran's streets in nearly two months. Iranian reporter Farhad Pouladi was taken into custody as he headed to cover a state-sanctioned rally outside the former US Embassy. Anti-government protesters also clashed with anti-riot police during counter marches not far from the rally. Police detained 109 people for "disturbing public order" during an opposition rally. 62 of those detained were handed over to judicial authorities for trial and the rest were released after questioning. Among those detained were a Japanese reporter and 2 Canadian reporters.
    (AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/5/09)(AP, 11/7/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 4, A 4.9-magnitude earthquake struck Bandar Abbas, a key port city in southern Iran, injuring at least 700 people and cutting power and telephone lines.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Iraq 2 American soldiers died, one in combat and one of noncombat-related injuries.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, Israeli commandos seized a ship that defense officials said was carrying more than 60 tons of missiles, rockets and anti-tank weapons bound for Lebanon's Iranian-backed Hezbollah guerrillas. The vessel Francop was operated by United Feeder Services, a Cyprus-based shipping company that said it picked up the cargo in Damietta, Egypt.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, An Italian judge found 23 Americans and two Italians guilty in the kidnapping of an Egyptian terror suspect, delivering the first legal convictions anywhere in the world against people involved in the CIA's extraordinary renditions program. The Americans and Italian agents were accused of kidnapping Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, also known as Abu Omar, on Feb. 17, 2003, in Milan, then transferring him to U.S. bases in Italy and Germany.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, Mexican authorities said 3 doctors and a nurse have been arrested for allegedly selling newborns after telling mothers their babies had died at a private hospital in Mexico City.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Mexico floods killed at least three people in the Gulf coast state of Tabasco where authorities struggled to persuade thousands of people to leave their inundated homes. Heavy rains have caused several rivers to overflow their banks flooding the homes of more than 50,000 people.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Mexico a gang of gunmen killed Sgt. David Booher, an off-duty US airman, and five other people at a strip club in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. A group of gunmen, believed to belong to the Gulf cartel, arrived at the home of Garcia Mayor Jaime Rodriguez to give him a "scare." As the group was leaving, they crossed paths with Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Ezparza, who was driving to the mayor's home after hearing about the threat. The gunmen sprayed Ezparza's car with bullets, killing him along two former soldiers and two municipal police officers escorting the general. Kidnappers snatched an American woman (21) from her car in Tijuana and threatened to kill her unless they were paid $200,000. She was released on Nov 7 and 3 kidnappers were arrested.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/5/09, p.A2)(AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 4, Morocco ordered the immediate departure of a Swedish diplomat accused of handing official Moroccan documents to Western Sahara-linked "separatists."
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, In Myanmar a top US official held talks with Aung San Suu Kyi as the ruling junta gave the democracy icon a rare break from house arrest during Washington's highest-level visit here in 14 years. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell also met PM Thein Sein as part of efforts by the Obama administration to re-engage with the hardline military regime.
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, A Nigerian senior health official said a fresh cholera outbreak has killed 20 people and left 200 others infected in northern Adamawa State in the past week.
    (AFP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Pakistani soldiers battled Taliban fighters in the streets of Ladha, a key militant stronghold, as government forces pressed ahead with their offensive in the tribal region of South Waziristan. The military said fighting over the past day left 10 militants dead in Ladha and 30 dead across the region. A group of militants ambushed a van as it traveled near Khar, the main town in the Bajur tribal region, killing two female teachers and wounding two other passengers.
    (AP, 11/4/09)
2009        Nov 4, Paraguay President Fernando Lugo fired his military chiefs, a day after denying he had worries about a coup amid calls for his impeachment. Hortensia Damiana Moran (40), a religious activist who worked on President Fernando Lugo's election campaign, filed a petition asking a judge to order a DNA test to prove Pres. Lugo is the father of her son Juan Pablo. She became the third woman to file a paternity claim against Paraguay's Roman Catholic bishop-turned- president.
    (AP, 11/4/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, Saudi Arabia launched a large military incursion across the border into northern Yemen, using fighter jets and artillery bombardments to try to end a Shiite rebellion inside its troubled southern neighbor.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 4, The London-based indigenous rights group Survival International said Swine flu has appeared among the Yanomami Indians of Venezuela, one of the largest isolated indigenous groups in the Amazon. A local doctor and that the virus is suspected in seven deaths, including six infants.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 5, At Fort Hood, Texas, Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan (39) shot 13 people dead. Hasan, a psychiatrist, was among 30 people wounded in the shooting spree and remained hospitalized on a ventilator. Kimberly Munley (34), a civilian police officer, shot at Hassan and was herself shot in both thighs and the wrist. Sgt. Mark Todd shot at Hasan and brought him down. Soldiers reported that the Hasan shouted "Allahu Akbar!" — an Arabic phrase for "God is great!" — before opening fire. Hasan was apparently set to deploy soon and had expressed some anger about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A10)(AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 5, Bernard Kerik (54), former NYC Police Commissioner, pleaded guilty to 8 felonies including lying to the white House while being considered for chief of Homeland Security and lying on tax returns. On May 17, 2010, he began serving a 4-year sentence for tax fraud, lying to the White House and other felonies.
    (SFC, 11/6/09, p.A8)(SFC, 5/18/10, p.A4)
2009        Nov 5, Afghan villagers said an overnight rocket strike by international forces killed nine civilians, including at least 3 children. Local authorities said they had no reports of civilian deaths. Residents of Korkhashien village drove the bodies to the governor's office in the nearby provincial capital of Lashkar Gah. In eastern Khost province, several hundred people demonstrated against an overnight raid that killed a resident of Baramkhil village. NATO said the man was a militant who was killed when Afghan and international forces were pursuing an insurgent leader who had been recruiting foreign fighters to the area. The Afghan Defense Ministry said 17 militants have been killed in three separate clashes in the last 24 hours. 3 NATO service members, including 2 Americans, were killed in two bombings in the south.
    (AP, 11/5/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A3)
2009        Nov 5, Cambodia and Thailand recalled their ambassadors from each others' countries, deepening a diplomatic row after Cambodia made fugitive former Thai PM Thaksin Shinawatra an economic adviser.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, China’s Xinhua News Agency said Xu Wei (42), a former gang leader who was the son of Yushu's former deputy mayor, was executed this week in northern China after being convicted of murder, kidnapping, and extortion. In an earlier separate case his father, Xu Fengshan, was sentenced to death with a reprieve of two years for taking more than 20 million yuan (2.93 million U.S. dollars) in bribes, and harboring criminal organizations.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 5, Finland and Sweden approved a Baltic Sea pipeline project that would ship Russian natural gas to Germany, clearing two key obstacles for construction to begin next year.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, In France security workers picked up euro11.6 million ($17.2 million) in cash at the Banque de France branch in Lyon. They then stopped at another bank and while two security workers were inside that bank, the driver made off with the cash. Loomis identified the alleged thief as Tony Musulin (39). As no violence was involved in the theft, Musulin risked only three years in jail if caught and charged. On Nov 9 Lyon Prosecutor Xavier Richaud said euro9.5 million ($14.25 million) in cash was found in a storage space near a railway track where police earlier found the security truck used in the theft. On Nov 16 Musulin handed himself in to police in Monaco. Musulin was convicted on May 11, 2010, and sentenced to 3 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/7/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A2)(AP, 11/9/09)(AFP, 11/16/09)(SFC, 5/12/10, p.A2)
2009        Nov 5, In Germany thousands of Opel workers, fearing widespread layoffs, walked off the job to protest General Motors Co.'s decision to abandon the unit's sale to new owners.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, A consortium grouping US and European oil giants Exxon Mobil Corp. and Royal Dutch Shell PLC signed a $50 billion deal to develop one of Iraq's most prized oil fields, as the OPEC nation looks to revamp its battered energy sector. The deal to develop the 8.6 billion West Qurna Stage 1 field is the third such agreement in less than a week between a foreign oil consortium and Iraq, which sorely needs foreign company expertise and funding to revive an oil sector hammered by years of neglect, sanctions and, most recently sabotage.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Lithuania's parliament voted to investigate allegations that the Baltic state hosted a secret CIA prison for al Qaeda suspects.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Five Mexican police officers and five other suspects were arrested in the investigation into the assassination of Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Ezparza, who had been appointed police chief of the northern Mexican town of Garcia over the weekend. 3 bullet-ridden bodies were found in different towns around the Pacific coast state of Guerrero. The bodies all had their hands and feet tied and were found next to threatening messages. One was found along the highway connecting the resort towns of Acapulco and Zihuatanejo. The Mexican army seized a shipment of almost a quarter-ton of opium in the country's northern mountains, one of the largest such seizures made in Mexico. A policeman was killed and four other were wounded in an attack by gunmen in Guerrero state. Another body was found in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz with its arms and legs mutilated and its head hacked off.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 5, In the Netherlands the UN war crimes tribunal decided that former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic will be appointed a lawyer to represent him whenever he fails to appear in court.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Tropical Storm Ida grew to hurricane force just off Nicaragua's coast, forcing more than 2,000 people to flee their homes and knocking out power to some parts of the impoverished region.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Pakistani security forces arrested three Iranians suspected of planning a suicide attack in Iran's southeastern region last month which killed 42 people. Militants blew up a girls' school in the Khyber tribal region, but no one was injured. Missiles believed fired by US drones killed two alleged militants in a northwestern tribal region.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas pushed Mideast peace prospects into unknown territory, announcing he doesn't want another term and opening the way to a succession battle that could play into the hands of his rival, the militant Hamas.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 5, Peru’s defense minister said Shining Path rebels attacked a military outpost in the country's coca-producing highlands, killing one soldier and wounding three.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Memorial, a Russian rights group, said Chechen authorities have abducted Arbi Khachukayev, a human rights advocate in Moscow, who has been critical of Chechnya's Kremlin-backed leader.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, A Moscow court approved the arrest of a man and a woman suspected in the January 19 killing of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova. The male suspect, ultranationalist Nikita Tikhonov, confessed to the crime after his arrest saying he did so out of “personal enmity" for one of the victims.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 5, Somali pirates captured a Greek-owned bulk carrier with 21 crew on board. The carrier, which is flagged in the Marshall Islands, had been heading to Zanzibar but was last seen 300 miles east of Mombasa, Kenya. The ship and crew were released on Dec 17.
    (AP, 11/5/09)(AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Nov 5, The UN said at least 50 peacekeepers have received punishments ranging from reduction in military rank to eight months imprisonment for committing sexual abuses on United Nations missions since 2007.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, The UN said that it will send more than half its international staff either out of Afghanistan or into more secure compounds following last week's deadly Taliban attack against UN workers, the most direct targeting of its employees during decades of work in the country.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Zimbabwe's rival leaders met with Mozambican leader Armando Guebuza, the head of a regional security body, ahead of an emergency summit aimed at hauling a fragile power-sharing deal out of a three-week impasse. The summit was set to open with leaders from the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Swaziland and Zambia.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 6, The US Labor Dept. said the unemployment rate has surpassed 10% for the first time since 1983, and that it was expected to go higher. Unemployment in October hit 10.2% with some 16 million jobless Americans. President Barack Obama was set to sign a $24 billion economic stimulus bill providing tax incentives to prospective homebuyers and extending unemployment benefits to the longtime jobless.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 6, US banking regulators shut down United Commercial Bank of San Francisco. The government had invested $300 million from the Treasury’s Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) in the parent UCBH Holdings. The assets, loans and 63 branches of UCBH were sold to East West Bank of Pasadena. China Minsheng Bank soon wrote off its 10% stake in UCBH. In 2011 federal authorities filed criminal fraud charges against former executives at the bank.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.D1)(Econ, 5/15/10, SR p.18)(SFC, 10/12/11, p.D1)
2009        Nov 6, In Orlando, Florida, Jason Rodriguez (40), a former engineer, fatally shot Otis Beckford (26) and wounded five others at the firm where he once worked. The next day his attorney later said Rodriguez is "very mentally ill" and crumbled under the stress of his divorce, bankruptcy and unemployment. Rodriguez was an entry-level engineer at Reynolds, Smith and Hills  for 11 months before he was fired in June 2007. On Jan 4, 2010, Rodriguez was declared incompetent to stand trial.
    (AP, 11/7/09)(SFC, 1/5/10, p.A5)
2009        Nov 6, In Afghanistan fighting between members of a joint search operation and insurgents in western Afghanistan left 4 Afghan soldiers, three policemen and a civilian interpreter dead. It appeared that an airstrike during the search for two US paratroopers mistakenly killed 8 Afghans and wounded more than 20 Afghan and American forces. The deputy governor of the southern province of Zabul, Ali Khail, said NATO forces raided an Afghan Red Crescent office in the city of Qalat, killing a security guard and arresting three local Red Crescent employees. NATO issued a statement saying coalition forces killed a militant and arrested a few suspected militants, including someone who was helping insurgents transport weapons and bomb-making materials to the area.
    (AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 6, Two British ticketholders shared a jackpot of 90 million pounds ($150 million) in the EuroMillions competition, the largest lottery prizes ever paid out in the UK.
    (AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 6, British Airways revealed a quadrupling of net losses in its first half, and axed an extra 1,200 jobs in an "essential" cost-reduction program.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, Toronto, Canada, was awarded the 2015 Pan American Games by beating Bogota, Colombia and Lima, Peru on the first ballot in a vote in Guadalajara, Mexico.
    (Reuters, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 6, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao headed to Egypt for a summit with African leaders as Beijing bids to expand its diplomatic and economic influence on the resource-rich continent.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, In Cuba Yoani Sanchez, acclaimed dissident blogger, was forced into an unmarked car, beaten, threatened and dumped onto a street.
    (Econ, 11/21/09, p.40)
2009        Nov 6, Guyanese President Bharrat Jagdeo alleged that recent arson attacks and shootings in his nation are the work of a mastermind living in the US. 3 attackers dressed as police officers firebombed a wooden, colonial-era courthouse and a nearby school on Nov 4, and later shot at two police stations, wounding one officer in the jaw and another in the ankle.
    (AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 6, Ousted Honduran President Manuel Zelaya said that a US-brokered pact failed to end a four-month political crisis after a deadline for forming a unity government passed.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, In northern India a crowded bus plunged down a steep mountain gorge, killing 32 people near Baner Khud, Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, Japan pledged $5.5 billion in aid over 3 years for Southeast Asia's 5 Mekong River nations (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam), seeking to deepen ties with the region amid growing influence from China.
    (AFP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, Madagascar's political rivals agreed on posts within a transitional government that will hold power until next year's elections following a power struggle that brought months of volatility to the country.
    (AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 6, Mexican police caught Marco Antonio Ibarra in the northern city of Culiacan. The former prison official had spent a year on the run from charges of killing a 19-year-old inmate, whose beating death in Sep, 2008, sparked riots that left nearly two dozen dead, including two American prisoners. Noel Martinez, a district supervisor for the police in Ciudad Juarez, was shot and killed inside his car.
    (AP, 11/7/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 6, The Pakistani army entered Makeen, the last of three militant strongholds targeted by a major offensive in the northwest, as gunmen wounded a senior army officer and a solder in Islamabad. Police shot and killed two would-be suicide bombers in Balakot. The two men opened fire on police when their car was intercepted at a checkpoint in the North West Frontier Province.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, Saudi Arabia said it carried out airstrikes against "infiltrators" from Yemen that were limited to areas inside Saudi territory, and vowed to press on with the military action until the border with its restive neighbor was secure. In Yemen, however, a military official said Saudi forces continued to shell rebel position in Saada.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, In Scotland finance ministers from the world's leading rich and developing countries to begin the difficult negotiations over how to even out the imbalances weighing on the world economy.
    (AP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, The aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) warned that Southern Sudan is facing a "serious outbreak" of the deadly kala azar tropical disease. Kala azar, or visceral leishmaniasis, is a neglected tropical disease contracted by the bite of a sand fly, endemic in some parts of southern Sudan. Without treatment, almost all victims die within one to four months. If treatment is received on time, some 95% can recover.
    (AFP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, Turkey rebuffed an EU call to reconsider its decision to allow Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir, who is accused of war crimes in Darfur, to attend a summit in Istanbul. Turkey has not signed the Rome Statute which set up the ICC and has said previously the ICC arrest warrant for Beshir could hurt moves to end the conflict in Darfur.
    (AFP, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, A UN report said 2 Iranian businessmen working at a Dubai-based firm were linked to video surveillance devices sold to Sudan and used in unmanned drones in Darfur in violation of a UN arms embargo.
    (Reuters, 11/6/09)
2009        Nov 6, Zimbabwe averted a political meltdown after PM Morgan Tsvangirai ended a boycott of the unity government, but faced a new deadline to resolve a slate of thorny disputes. He said assurances South Africa will be watching persuaded him to end his boycott.
    (AP, 11/6/09)

2009        Nov 7, The Democratic-controlled House narrowly passed landmark health care reform legislation (220-215), handing President Barack Obama a hard won victory on his signature domestic priority.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 7, Ryan Diviney (19) and a friend got into an argument with a group of men outside a convenience store in Morgantown, West Virginia. In 2019 the former West Virginia University student died, a decade after he was beaten into a vegetative state.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yxj7kzne)(AP, 9/4/19)
2009        Nov 7, In western Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an insurgent attack. A British soldier was killed by an explosion in the southern province of Helmand. In the east militants twice attacked a fuel supply convoy as it traveled along a main supply route between Pakistan and Kabul. Police said at least two private security guards and a policeman were wounded in the attacks.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 7, African Union Peace and Security Commissioner Ramtane Lamamra said the AU has implemented sanctions on Guinea's military rulers.
    (AFP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 7, Australian authorities declared a natural disaster along parts of the country's east coast as heavy floods cut the main road linking major cities, stranding thousands of people.
    (AFP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 7, British boxer David Haye (29) won the WBA Heavyweight crown against 7-foot, 2-inch Russian Nikolai Valuev in a 12-round bout in Germany. Haye became the first Briton to hold a world heavyweight crown since Lennox Lewis retired in 2003.
    (AFP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 7, China’s PM Wen Jiaobao sought to reassure the world's Muslims about his country's goodwill towards them in Cairo, at a time when Beijing is criticized for the treatment of its own Muslim minority.
    (AFP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 7, Senior Iranian lawmakers rejected any possibility of Tehran shipping uranium abroad for further enrichment, intensifying pressures on the government to reject the UN-backed plan altogether. Iranian authorities released 3 journalists who were among more than 100 people arrested during pro-government and opposition street demonstrations on Nov 4.
    (AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 7, Italian paramilitary police arrested Luigi Esposito in Posillipo, a northern coastal suburb of Naples. Esposito, on the run since 2003, was using a wig and false name when captured. Esposito was said to be an expert money-launderer, who funneled illicit cash from drug trafficking into tourism and other businesses for the Camorra crime syndicate.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 7, In Japan a 66-year-old man was hit by a car and killed. Investigators later linked a US Army soldier to the hit-and-run accident in Okinawa. On Jan 7 Clyde Gunn (27), a staff sergeant from Oxford, Mississippi, was charged with the fatal hit-and-run.
    (AP, 11/19/09)(AP, 1/7/10)
2009        Nov 7, Lebanon's Syrian-backed factions finally agreed on a unity government proposed by their pro-Western rivals, ending a four-month deadlock in the deeply divided country.
    (AP, 11/7/09)
2009        Nov 7, Pakistan's military said it had killed 12 Taliban militants as government troops pressed a major offensive in the South Waziristan tribal area bordering Afghanistan. Two teachers and a student were injured when suspected militants hurled a hand grenade at a girls' school in Quetta, the capital southwestern Baluchistan province.
    (AFP, 11/7/09)

2009        Nov 8, Afghan Pres. Karzai pledged that there would be no place for corrupt officials in his new administration, a demand made by Washington and its international partners as they ponder sending more troops to confront the Taliban and shore up his government. Some 350 Taliban prisoners began a hunger strike at a prison in Kandahar.
    (AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 8, Brazil’s private Bandeirante University in Sao Bernardo do Campo, outside Sao Paulo, expelled Geisy Arruda (20) for wearing a short, pink dress to class, publicly accusing her of immorality. Arruda made headlines after an Oct. 22 incident, in which she had to be escorted away by police after wearing the mini-dress to class. The dean of the private college in suburban Sao Paulo released the next day announcing a decision to reinstate her. On Oct 6, 2010, Judge Rodrigo Gorga Campos ordered Bandeirante University to pay Geisy Arruda 40,000 reals ($23,800) in damages.
    (AP, 11/9/09)(AP, 11/10/09)(AP, 10/7/10)
2009        Nov 8, At the start of the two-day Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Egypt China's Premier Wen Jiabao pledged $10 billion in low interest loans to African nations over the next three years and said Beijing would cancel the government debts of some of the poorest of those countries.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, Colombia said it will appeal to the UN Security Council and the OAS after Hugo Chavez, the fiery leftist president of neighboring Venezuela, ordered his army to prepare for war in order to assure peace.
    (Reuters, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 8, The Democratic Republic of Congo government said security forces in an overnight raid on the town of Dongo have arrested about 100 armed men blamed for killing dozens of policemen in an attack in the country's isolated north last month.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, In El Salvador a wave of floods and landslides killed at least 192 people following three days of heavy rains. Dozens of people were missing in a mudslide that swept down on the town of in Verapaz. Hurricane Ida's presence in the western Caribbean late last week may have played a role in drawing the rain-packed Pacific low-pressure system toward El Salvador.
    (AP, 11/8/09)(AP, 11/11/09)(AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 8, In India joyous Buddhist pilgrims welcomed the Dalai Lama back to the Himalayan town he first set foot in five decades ago while fleeing Chinese rule in his native Tibet, a rare trip close to his homeland that has angered Beijing.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, In Iraq 2 American pilots were killed in a helicopter crash while a Marine died of noncombat related injuries in a separate incident.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 8, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded market in Adazai, 10 miles south of Peshawar, killing anti-Taliban Mayor Abdul Malik, who had formed a militia to fight the militants, and 11 other people. The latest fighting in the Taliban heartland killed 20 militants and wounded eight soldiers.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, Saudi Arabia’s assistant defense minister said Saudi forces have taken control of Dokhan mountain straddling the border with Yemen and cleared it of Shiite rebels, in five days of fighting that saw three soldiers killed and 15 wounded.
    (AP, 11/8/09)
2009        Nov 8, Turkey said that Sudan's internationally indicted leader, President Omar al-Bashir, will not attend the Nov 9 Istanbul summit of the 57-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference.
    (AP, 11/9/09)

2009        Nov 9, Pennsylvania Gov. Ed Rendell said the Philadelphia transit strike has ended and that system would be up and running for the morning commute.
    (SFC, 11/9/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 9, Tahir Sheikh Fakhar (56) of Hayward, Ca., was killed early this morning when the big rig he was driving went off the SF Bay Bridge new S curve, plunging 200 feet onto Yerba Buena Island.
    (SFC, 11/10/09, p.A1)(SFC, 11/11/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 9, US giant Kraft Foods launched a hostile 9.8-billion-pound takeover bid for Cadbury which the British confectioner rejected.
    (AFP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, General Motors said that it would invest C$90 million ($85.1 million) to expand a joint venture plant in Canada where it builds the Chevrolet Equinox and GMC Terrain crossovers.
    (Reuters, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, The Afghan Ministry of Public Health said that 710 of the 779 cases of H1N1 reported since early July have been among Afghan, US and Italian troops. The 11 people who have died from the virus were all Afghans, including one soldier.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, NATO said that 700 members of the Afghan security forces and 50 international troops were involved in a clearing operation in northern Afghanistan. NATO said Afghan and foreign troops have killed more than 130 insurgents, including 8 Taliban commanders, in six days of fierce fighting during a major offensive in the Charhar Dara district in Kunduz.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, In eastern Chad a French Red Cross staff member was abducted by several armed men, close to the border with Sudan. Laurent Maurice was freed in Sudan on Feb 6.
    (AFP, 11/10/09)(AP, 2/7/10)
2009        Nov 9, China said it had put to death nine people over deadly ethnic unrest in its far-western Xinjiang region, the first executions since the rioting in July.
    (AFP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, In China Hu Shuli, the founder and editor of the 11-year-old Caijing financial magazine, resigned. He had tackled tough subjects and his departure cast doubts over greater media independence.
    (SFC, 11/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 9, In Colombia at least nine soldiers were killed and four wounded in combat with leftist rebels in a mountainous western region.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 9, In central Indonesia 6.7 undersea earthquake killed one person, injured dozens and damaged hundreds of houses on remote Sumbawa Island. Local officials said torrential rains have triggered a series of landslides on Sulawesi island, killing at least 14 residents and burying many more.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, Lebanon’s PM Saad Hariri formed Cabinet that included the militant group Hezbollah and its allies, ending a months long deadlock.
    (SFC, 11/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 9, In Malawi two opposition leaders were convicted of sedition and inciting violence while campaigning. A judge sentenced each to 20 months in prison with hard labor. These were the first sedition convictions since the late dictator Hastings Kamuzu Banda's 1963-1994 rule.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 9, In Mexico gunmen burst into an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting and opened fire in a violence-plagued Chihuahua City, killing one person and wounding four others. In the Pacific coast state of Colima state police captured Aaron Lopez Garcia (31), a violent gang member who was one of America's 15 most wanted fugitives by US Marshals.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 9, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in a rickshaw detonated his explosives near a group of policemen at an intersection on the main road that circles Peshawar, killing 3 people. A roadside bomb killed two paramilitary troops and wounded a third in Salarzai town in the Bajur tribal region. Militants shot and killed a senior police officer in the main town of Khar as he was leaving his office. Fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in three villages in the Kurram tribal region, killing eight suspected fighters.
    (AP, 11/9/09)
2009        Nov 9, In Saudi Arabia Ali Sibat (49), a Lebanese psychic who made predictions on a satellite TV channel from his home in Beirut, was sentenced to death for practicing witchcraft. He was arrested by religious police in Medina during a pilgrimage there in May, 2008. In 2010 Saudi authorities said Sibat would not be beheaded. A 3-judge panel said that there was not enough evidence that Sibat's actions harmed others. They ordered the case to be retried in a Medina court and recommended that the sentence be commuted and that Sibat be deported.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 11/13/10)
2009        Nov 9, The EU Naval Force said pirates in two skiffs fired automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades at the Hong Kong-flagged BW Lion about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) east of the Somali coast. The ship avoided the attack and no casualties were reported. Some 14 Somali pirates seized a Yemeni fishing boat, the Al Hilal or Al Halil.
    (AP, 11/9/09)(AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 10, In San Jose, Ca., Jae Williams (15) and Randy Thompson (15) killed Michael Russell (15). Williams soon told police that his religion, Satanism, allowed him to kill. Williams and Thompson incriminated each other and faced trial in 2014.
    (SFC, 3/4/14, p.C2)
2009        Nov 10, A New Jersey man, Amir Mohamed Meshal, detained for 4 months in Ethiopia on allegations of supporting Islamic militants before being allowed to come home, sued the FBI agents involved in his interrogations. He returned to New Jersey, where he was born and raised, in May 2007. US authorities in Washington have said they had interviewed Meshal in Kenya and that they determined he was not a threat and had not violated US law. The State Department also said it formally protested his deportation from Kenya to Ethiopia.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, In NYC Ralph Cioffi and Matthew Tannin, former executives at Bear Stearns, were acquitted of lying to investors about the state of the subprime-stuffed hedge funds they ran at Bear Stearns. The funds’ collapse caused losses of $1.6 billion.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.85) 
2009        Nov 10, Utah’s Mormon church for the first time has announced its support of gay rights legislation, an endorsement that helped gain unanimous approval for Salt Lake city laws banning discrimination against gays in housing and employment.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, Bhagwan Chowdhry, finance professor at the Univ. of California, began to campaign for his Financial Access @ Birth (FAB) program. The idea was to provide every newborn child an online bank account with $100, untouchable until the child reached age 16.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.92)(http://tinyurl.com/ycuyspz)
2009        Nov 10, Activision released its new video game “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2." Sales over the next 5 days brought in $550 million breaking records in several countries.
    (Econ, 12/5/09, p.77)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Warfare_2)
2009        Nov 10, In Virginia sniper John Allen Muhammad (48) refused to utter any last words as he was executed, taking to the grave answers about why and how he plotted the killings of 10 people that terrorized the Washington, D.C., area for three weeks in October 2002.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, Robert Cameron (b.1911), SF-based photographer known for his aerial photos of landmarks, died at his home in Pacific Heights.
    (SFC, 11/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 10, In Afghanistan a US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, An Australian student sparked fears of a new era of computer viruses after creating a worm which infects Apple's iconic iPhone with pictures of 1980s pop star Rick Astley.
    (AFP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, The hotly-anticipated video game "Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2" was launched in Britain amid a political row over its levels of violence.
    (AFP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Colombian authorities said they have seized $19 million in forged US currency so far this year, five times the amount confiscated last year. A statement from the Presidency's press office said 16 people have been arrested in Colombia and the US in connection with the seizures and seven illegal counterfeiting print shops have been dismantled.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, Ethiopia announced the discovery of a mine containing more than 40 tons of gold deposit worth 1.7 billion dollars (1.1 billion euros).
    (AFP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, German soccer star, goalkeeper Robert Enke (32), threw himself in front of a train at a level crossing in the small town of Neustadt am Rubenberge, near Hanover. Earlier, Enke's doctor Valentin Markser revealed the player had an acute fear of failure and had been treated for depression since 2003 following a difficult transfer to Barcelona and subsequent loan to Turkish side Fenerbahce. Hanover police confirmed Enke left a suicide note.
    (AFP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, Haiti’s lawmakers overwhelmingly gave final approval to Jean-Max Bellerive as the new prime minister, making him the sixth person to hold the post since 2004.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, Indian officials said at least 43 people have been killed in landslides caused by torrential rains in the Nilgiris hills in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.
    (Reuters, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Iran announced it will use Italy to launch a communications satellite after waiting years for Russia to do the job.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Ramin Pourandarjani (26), an Iranian doctor, died amid conflicting reports of a heart attack, a car accident or suicide, raising opposition accusations that he was killed.  Authorities had barred the family from performing an autopsy on the body. He had gone public with reports of tortured protesters he treated at Tehran's most feared detention facility, known as Kahrizak on Tehran's outskirts. Pourandarjani, a general practitioner, was the only doctor there, serving there once a week as part of his mandatory military service.  Prosecutors later alleged that he died of poisoning from an overdose of an anti-hypertension drug in his salad, fueling opposition fears that he was killed because of what he knew about the abuse.
    (AP, 11/18/09)(AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Nov 10, Israel's army chief said Hezbollah guerrillas now possess tens of thousands of rockets, some capable of reaching the country's major cities.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Japan announced $5 billion in fresh aid to Afghanistan even as it plans to bring home refueling ships supporting US-led forces there. The pledge came just days before President Barack Obama arrives in Tokyo for talks that are sure to focus on the countries' military alliance.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Libya signed an agreement with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to join forces to crack down on organized crime in the Maghreb region.
    (AFP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, In Mexico Tabasco authorities announced that police had detained 7 suspected members of the Zetas drug gang, including two teenagers. In the northern city of Culiacan, the capital of Sinaloa state, a man's tortured body was found hanging from a highway overpass. The unidentified man had his hands tied behind his back and was hung by the neck. Monterrey Mayor Fernando Larrazabal said that 276 traffic police officers and administrative officials were fired for failing tests designed to detect corruption and ineptitude. 526 officers who performed poorly were ordered to undergo more training, and 340 were determined fit for the job.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, A badly damaged North Korean patrol ship retreated in flames after a skirmish with a South Korean naval vessel along their disputed western coast. South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement that a North Korean patrol boat crossed the disputed western sea border about 11:27 a.m. (0227 GMT), drawing warning shots from a South Korean navy vessel. The North Korean boat then opened fire and the South's ship returned fire before the North's vessel sailed back toward its waters.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, In Pakistan a suicide car bomb ripped through a packed shopping street in Charsadda, a small market town, killing 26 people in the third militant attack in northwest in as many days. The military said that troops had uncovered a private Taliban jail, destroying a network of rebel caves, bunkers and towers while nine militants were killed during the last 24 hours of operations.
    (AFP, 11/10/09)(AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, A Saudi Arabian government adviser says the kingdom has imposed a naval blockade on northern Yemen's Red Sea coast to try to prevent weapons and fighters flowing to Shiite rebels in the area.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, Somali pirates seized a Greek cargo ship, the 150 m (492 ft) Marshall Islands-flagged MV Filitsa, after a 5-hour chase across the Indian Ocean. 3 Greek officers and 19 Filipino sailors were aboard the ship, which was carrying bulk urea from Kuwait to South Africa.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 10, Nigerian football star Stephen Worgu (20) was fined and sentenced to 40 lashes in Sudan after being convicted of drunk driving in Khartoum. Worgu said he was stopped by police driving home late from dinner at a friend's house in August. No tests were done but officers told the court they had smelled the home-brewed spirit aragi on his breath.
    (Reuters, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 10, Thailand's ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra, whose political battle against his successors has left his country bitterly divided, received a warm welcome in neighboring Cambodia, which shares his disdain for the current government in Bangkok.
    (AP, 11/10/09)
2009        Nov 10, The Vatican presented results of a 5-day conference that gathered experts to discuss astrobiology, the study of the origin of life and its existence elsewhere in the cosmos.
    (SFC, 11/11/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 10, Yemeni authorities were reported to be hunting for Anwar al-Awlaki to determine whether he has al-Qaida ties. The radical American imam, who communicated with Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, the Fort Hood shooting suspect, and called him a hero, was once arrested in Yemen on suspicion of giving religious approval to militants to conduct kidnappings. Al-Awlaki, a US citizen born in New Mexico to Yemeni parents, had preached at a Virginia mosque that Hasan's family attended.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 11, Andy Warhol’s 1962 painting “200 One Dollar Bills" sold for a record $43.8 million at a Sotheby’s auction in NYC.
    (SFC, 11/13/09, p.F8)
2009        Nov 11, Hewlett-Packard Co. said it will acquire 3Com Corp. in a $2.7 billion deal that would put HP in direct competition with Cisco Systems in networking technology.
    (SFC, 11/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 11, Scientists in South Africa said that a newly discovered dinosaur species that roamed the Earth about 200 million years ago may help explain how the creatures evolved into the largest animals on land. The Aardonyx celestae was a 23-foot- (7-meter-) long small-headed herbivore with a huge barrel of a chest. The species walked on its hind legs but could drop to all fours.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle detonated his explosives near a NATO military convoy in the province of Zabul, killing a man and a woman and wounding another three passers-by.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, The Australian Capital Territory, home to the nation's parliament, became the first Australian region to legalize civil partnership ceremonies for same-sex couples, in a move supporters hoped would spark national momentum.
    (AFP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, Brazil emerged from a widespread power outage that plunged its major cities and at least nine states into darkness for over 2 hours, prompting security fears and concern from residents about another black eye for a country hosting the 2016 Olympic Games. Transmission problems had knocked one of the world's biggest hydroelectric dams offline.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, The British Home Office said DNA of innocent people arrested then cleared without charge will be held by the government for no more than six years.
    (AFP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, Cypriots gave a guarded response to Britain's offer to hand back half its remaining three percent of Cyprus's landmass if rival sides on the ethnically split island reach a peace deal.
    (Reuters, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, The leaders of France and Germany appeared together at a ceremony in Paris, for the first time since World War I, to commemorate the end of the conflict, saying it is now time to celebrate their countries' reconciliation and friendship.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Ghana the roof of an illegal gold mine collapsed killing 15 people, including 13 women, in one of the worst mining disasters to hit the African nation.
    (AFP, 11/12/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 11, Iran executed Ehsan Fattahian (28), a Kurdish activist, at a prison in Sanandaj. He was a member of the Party of Free Life in Kurdistan, a militant group outlawed by Iran.
    (SFC, 11/12/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 11, The Israeli military released a series of documents and photos it said proved Iran was behind a massive shipment of weapons Israel's navy commandos intercepted last week. Among the arms Israel says it found aboard the vessel were 9,000 mortar bombs, 3,000 Katyusha rockets, 3,000 gun shells, 20,000 grenades and over a half million rounds of small arms ammunition.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, An Italian company that helped build a communications satellite for Iran said there are no plans to launch it, denying an announcement made in Tehran this week.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Mexico reporter Maria Esther Aguilar, who wrote about organized crime, disappeared in western Michoacan state.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 11, Forbes Magazine named drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, a fugitive reputed to be hiding in the mountains of northern Mexico, to its list of the 67 "World's Most Powerful People." Business groups in the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez said they are calling for UN peacekeepers to quell the drug-related violence that has given their city one of the highest homicide rates in the world.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed nine security officers close to the Afghan border. Some 12 hours earlier, dozens of militants armed with automatic weapons and rocket launchers attacked a security outpost in the same Mohmand region, killing two soldiers and wounding three others. The army responded by shelling militant positions there, killing 10 suspected fighters.
    (AP, 11/11/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Somalia gunmen in Bossaso killed High Court Judge Mohamed Abdi Aware, a top judge who had sentenced many pirates and human traffickers to long jail terms. 3 men were arrested the next day over the killing. Puntland legislator Ibrahim Ilmi Warsame was also shot dead as he sat in a restaurant with friends.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Sudan 11 people were killed in fighting in southern Jonglei state in clashes between the Dinka and Shilluk ethnic groups.
    (AFP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 11, In Tanzania a landslide followed a night of heavy rains and killed 11 children and 9 adults near Mt. Kilimanjaro.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 11, Venezuelan authorities destroyed more than 30,000 illegal firearms as part of an effort to combat soaring crime. The government stopped releasing complete annual murder figures in 2005, but in 2008 the Justice Ministry said homicides averaged 152 a week, or roughly 7,900 for 12 months.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 12, US prosecutors filed a civil complaint in federal court against the Alavi Foundation, seeking the forfeiture of more than $500 million in assets. The Muslim nonprofit organization, suspected to have Iranian links, held assets including bank accounts; Islamic centers consisting of schools and mosques in New York, Maryland, California and Houston; more than 100 acres in Virginia; and a 36-story Manhattan office tower.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 12, The IMF issued new rules for financial assets that will be optional from this year and mandatory from 2013.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.88)
2009        Nov 12, The Atlantic seaboard was drenched in rain from Tropical Storm Ida. 3 deaths were reported in Virginia and one in North Carolina.
    (SFC, 11/13/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 12, Afghanistan exported 12 tons of apples to India and touted the shipment as a key step in exploring much-needed international markets for its agricultural products.
    (AFP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, In Bolivia authorities said that evaporation blamed on global warming has reduced Lake Titicaca, one of the world's highest navigable lakes, to its lowest level since 1949.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, British Airways PLC and Spanish airline Iberia SA confirmed they are holding separate board meetings about a long-awaited merger, responding to feverish speculation that has sent the companies' shares soaring.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, In Honduras assailants fired an anti-tank grenade toward the building housing ballots for the upcoming Nov 29 Honduran presidential elections, which are taking place under the shadow of a four-month crisis caused by a coup. The grenade overshot its target.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 12, Italy's top security official said that authorities have smashed an international terror cell with the arrest in Italy and elsewhere in Europe of 17 Algerians who were raising money to finance terrorism.
    (AP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, In Norway thieves stole a valuable artwork by Edvard Munch from an Oslo art dealer in downtown Oslo. One or more thieves stole "Historien" (History) from Nyborgs Kunst.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 12, A Norwegian freelance journalist kidnapped on Nov 5 in eastern Afghanistan was released along with his Afghan interpreter. Paal Refsdal was in Afghanistan filming a documentary for the Norwegian production company Novemberfilm.
    (AP, 11/12/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 12, In Pakistan stiff Taliban resistance killed at least 17 government soldiers in the military's deadliest day since launching its offensive in South Waziristan. At least 15 soldiers were killed in clashes, while a roadside bomb killed two soldiers in Sararogha area further east. Gunmen shot dead Abu Al-Hasan Jaffry, a Pakistani spokesman for the Iranian consulate, at point blank range as he set off for work in Peshawar. The army said that 22 militants were killed in South Waziristan, which would bring to 524 the number reported dead since the fight began. 
    (AFP, 11/12/09)
2009        Nov 12, Peruvian media reported that air force officer Victor Ariza (45) was arrested last month for allegedly spying for Chile. Peruvian President Alan Garcia soon accused Chile of assaulting Peru's sovereignty, throwing his weight behind allegations that Chile paid a Peruvian military officer to spy. Chilean Foreign Minister Mariano Fernandez denied the accusation.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 12, Russia’s Pres. Medvedev called on his country to shed its dependence on exports of raw materials and to adopt a more pragmatic foreign policy aimed at attracting investment and promoting growth.
    (SFC, 11/13/09, p.A5)
2009        Nov 12, In Rwanda a passenger plane with a recent history of technical problems crashed into an airport VIP lounge Kigali, killing one passenger. The CRJ-100 aircraft was leased from Kenya's Jetlink.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 12, Spain created its bank bailout fund, the FROB, with a potential capacity of €99 billion.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.27)(www.frob.es/financiera/inversores_en.html)

2009        Nov 13, President Barack Obama met with Japanese PM Yukio Hatoyama on his first major trip to Asia. He emphasized cooperation and opened with a warning to North Korea that there will be tough, unified action by the US and its Asian partners if the Koreans fail to abandon their nuclear weapons programs. Obama and Hatoyama agreed to joint efforts to realize a nuclear weapons-free world.
    (AP, 11/13/09)(SFC, 11/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 13, In Berkeley, Ca., Zoelina Williams (23) was found beaten and fatally shot at Aquatic Park. Her son Jashon (17 months) was missing. Curtis Martin III (38), a convicted killer, was arrested later the same day. On Nov 15 Jashon’s body was found in the waters of Berkeley Marina.  In 2012 Martin was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A12)(SFC, 11/16/09, p.A1)(SFC, 12/15/12, p.C1)
2009        Nov 13, Ohio became the first US state to adopt a procedure for lethal injections that uses just one drug, thiopental sodium.
    (SFC, 11/14/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 13, The United States' first marijuana cafe opened in Portland, Oregon, posing an early test of the Obama administration's move to relax policing of medical use of the drug.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 13, NASA said a "significant amount" of frozen water has been found on the moon heralding a giant leap forward in space exploration and boosting hopes of a permanent lunar base.
    (AFP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, Former New Mexico Gov. Bruce King (85) died. The folksy cattle rancher served more time as governor than anyone else and became an institution in state politics. King was a Democrat who served three terms that spanned three decades. He was in office in 1971-74, 1979-82 and 1991-94.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Afghanistan NATO-led troops mistakenly killed a female civilian during an operation against militants in eastern Zabul province.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 13, British adventurers Mick Dawson and Chris Martin completed a 189-day record voyage, begun on May 8, rowing their 23-foot, Kevlar boat across the Pacific from Choshi, Japan, to San Francisco.
    (SFC, 11/14/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 13, Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov said security forces had killed up to 20 Islamist rebels in a helicopter attack near the capital Grozny.
    (Reuters, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, China’s Civil Affairs Ministry said unusually early snow storms in north-central China have claimed 40 lives, caused thousands of buildings to collapse and destroyed almost 500,000 acres (200,000 hectares) of winter crops.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Dagestan, east of Chechnya, a bomb blast at a village cemetery killed three civilians, the widow, sister and daughter of a police officer who was among the victims of nearly daily attacks on law enforcement authorities in the province.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 13, The French government said its navy has seized 3 boats of Somalia’s coast and detained 12 suspected pirates, while seizing an arsenal including assault rifles and rocket launchers.
    (SFC, 11/14/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 13, In Ingushetia, west of Chechnya, three suspected militants who opened fire at a police checkpoint were shot and killed.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 13, India officials said all elephants living in Indian zoos and circuses will be moved to wildlife parks and game sanctuaries where the animals can graze more freely.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian man along the Gaza Strip border, but the circumstances of the incident were unclear.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Mexico a 7-year-old boy, three women and a university professor were among 15 people killed in 6 separate incidents in the border city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 13, Moroccan authorities detained a Western Sahara activist close to the Polisario Front rebels, Aminatou Haidar, in the disputed territory's main city. Haidar, the winner of several human rights awards, was arrested on her arrival in Laayoune from Spain's Canary Islands. Immigration officials immediately sent her back to Spain’s Canary Islands after confiscating her passport. She used her Spanish residency permit to re-enter the country and began a hunger strike in Laayoune at midnight on Nov 15.
    (AFP, 11/13/09)(AFP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Morocco journalists Rachid Nini and Said Laajal were sentenced  to 3 months and 2 months in prison for publishing "false information" about a drug trafficking ring. Their newspaper report concerned the dismantling on August 17 of a major drug smuggling ring, named "Triha" after its alleged boss, who was part of a group of 15 drug barons arrested in 2008 in a crackdown across Morocco. Both journalists were released on Dec 5, 2009.
    (AFP, 1/5/10)
2009        Nov 13, The Dutch government announced to bring the polluter-pays principle into the home garage. As of 2012 rather than an annual road tax for their cars, drivers will pay a few cents for every kilometer on the road, in a plan aimed at breaking chronic traffic jams and cutting carbon emissions.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Pakistan an early morning attack killed 10 people and devastated much of the northwestern headquarters of Pakistan's spy agency in Peshawar city. About an hour later, a second suicide car bomber attacked a police station farther south, killing six people. The military reported the loss of 12 soldiers over the last 24 hours, one of its largest single-day losses since the campaign in South Waziristan began. Attackers fired rockets at a group of tankers near the southwestern city of Quetta that were delivering fuel to US and NATO troops. One driver was killed and five tankers were torched.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, Philippine Pres. Gloria Macapagal signed a bill criminalizing all forms of torture and prohibiting state authorities from using secret detention centers.
    (SFC, 11/14/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 13, In Puerto Rico the dismembered body of college student Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado (19) was discovered along a road in the interior town of Cayey. Lopez was widely known as a volunteer for organizations advocating HIV prevention and gay rights. Suspect Juan Martinez Matos (26), was soon arrested and allegedly confessed to killing Lopez and mutilating his body. He was charged with first-degree murder and weapons violations and jailed on $4 million bond.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Russia huge explosions and fire ripped through a naval munitions facility in the Ulyanovsk province for hours, killing two firefighters and prompting the evacuation of thousands of civilians nearby. 11 civilians and military personnel were unaccounted for.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, In Russia prosecutors said police have arrested three homeless people suspected of eating a 25-year-old man they had butchered and selling other bits of the corpse to a local kebab house. Parts of a human body had been found near a bus stop in the outskirts of the Russian city of Perm, 1,150 km (720 miles) east of Moscow.
    (Reuters, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 13, A Somali man was arrested by African Union peacekeeping troops before a Daallo Airlines flight took off from Mogadishu. It was scheduled to travel from Mogadishu to the northern Somali city of Hargeisa, then to Djibouti and Dubai. The man was carrying powdered chemicals, liquid and a syringe that could have caused an explosion. The case bore chilling similarities to a later Dec 25 terrorist plot to blow up a Detroit-bound airliner.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Nov 13, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma said police do not have a "license to kill," a day after his deputy police minister urged officers to "shoot the bastards" in fighting criminals.
    (AFP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, Turkey's government announced new measures aimed at reconciling with minority Kurds and ending a 25-year-old insurgency, but there was no mention of the sweeping amnesty sought by Kurdish rebels.
    (AP, 11/13/09)
2009        Nov 13, Uganda’s army clashed with tribesmen who were stealing cattle in the volatile northeastern region. Two soldiers were wounded and 15 cows were killed in two clashes on Nov. 13 and Nov. 17. The army killed 34 tribesmen in the clashes.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 13, A UN official said an agreement has been reached for sweeping anti-corruption reviews on how countries account for their public assets. The pact came after talks in Qatar's capital, Doha, between the United Nations, World Bank and watchdog groups.
    (AP, 11/13/09)

2009        Nov 14, Pres. Obama spoke in Tokyo and then flew to Singapore for a 21-nation summit of Asia-Pacific leaders. In his Tokyo speech Pres. Obama declared the United States a "nation of the Pacific and reached out warmly to China, applauding Beijing's robust strides as a burgeoning economic giant.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, In North Carolina the Fayetteville Police Department said Antoinette Nicole Davis, the mother of Shaniya Davis (5), faced a child abuse charge involving prostitution as well as filing a false police report. The child hadn't been seen since Nov 10, when surveillance footage showed Mario Andrette McNeill carrying Shaniya into a hotel room. He was arrested and charged with kidnapping on Nov 13. The body of Shaniya Davis was found on Nov 16 in woods 30 miles from Fayetteville. She had been sexually assaulted and asphyxiated on Nov 10, the day her mother reported her missing.
    (AP, 11/15/09)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.A26)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 14, In Riverside County, Ca., Maysam Barbar and daughter Tamara (6) were found dead in their Perris home. Suspect Michael Barbar, the husband and stepfather, was arrested the next day in Deming, NM.
    (SFC, 11/16/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 14, In Lassen County, Ca., a medical Aerospatiale AS350 helicopter crashed near the Nevada state line killing all three crew members. They were returning to Susanville after dropping off a patient in Reno.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A12)
2009        Nov 14, In Afghanistan an armed woman died during a clash with insurgents in Shindand district of western Herat province. The district governor, said three civilian members of one family were killed and three children wounded. Four Taliban militants were also said to have been killed in the clash.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, Three would-be migrants drowned, one was rescued and 10 were missing off the Algerian coast after their boats sank on their way to Europe.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 14, It was reported that Chinese officials are being told to dump their mistresses, avoid hostess bars, and shun extravagances as part of the Communist party's efforts to clamp down on the corruption that is threatening its rule and sullying its reputation.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, Colombia’s government 4 soldiers from Venezuela's National Guard captured in Colombian territory will be repatriated in a bid to ease tensions between the South American neighbors. The Colombian navy intercepted the men Nov 13 in El Aceitico along the border.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 14, Ethiopian ONLF rebels fighting for independence for a region with potentially significant oil and gas reserves said they had captured seven towns near the border with neighboring Somalia.
    (Reuters, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, In western India a speeding train derailed, killing at least nine people and injuring more than 80 in Jaipur, Rajasthan state.
    (AP, 11/14/09)(SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 14, Indian troops shot dead five suspected Islamic militants as they tried to enter Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani side of the disputed state.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, In Iran local newspapers reported that the government has formed a special unit to monitor Web sites and fight Internet crimes, in a clear attack on an opposition that relies almost exclusively on online means to broadcast its message.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, A Jordanian citizen died after being beaten by police, the second time this week, casting a rare spotlight on the nation's US-trained security forces, that may also have worked as proxy jailers for the CIA. Fakhri Kreishan (47) died two days after slipping into a coma caused by a severe beating to the head due to a clash between police and residents in the southern city of Maan. Sadem al-Saud (20) died Nov 7, three weeks after he was put into a coma by a beating administered during an interrogation in an Amman police station.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 14, Nigeria's president held "frank and fruitful" talks with former oil rebel leaders in an effort to end the conflict in the Niger Delta region.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 14, Tomaz Humar (40), a veteran Slovenian climber, was found dead on Langtang Lirung in the Nepalese Himalayas days after he was injured and stranded on the 23,710-foot (7,227m) mountain.
    (AP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, In Pakistan a suicide bomber blew up his explosives-filled car at a police checkpoint in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar, killing himself and at least 12 people. In the northwestern Swat valley, troops killed 13 insurgents in two separate gunfights.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)(SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 14, In Moscow Magnus Carlsen (18) of Norway became the new No. 1 chess player in the world with a tournament victory over Peter Leko of Hungary.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 14, In South Africa a civilian pilot was killed when his fighter jet crashed shortly before he was to participate in an air show near Bredasdorp, about 200 km west of Cape Town.
    (Reuters, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, In South Africa Kavisha Seevnarain (26) was carjacked and then forced at gunpoint to go to ATMs to take out money. She was then thrown off a 200-foot tall bridge south of Durban and survived with seven broken ribs and a fractured pelvis.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 14, In South Korea at least ten people, including eight Japanese tourists, were killed and six others injured in a blaze at an indoor shooting range in Busan.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)
2009        Nov 14, Sweden held a solemn ceremony at Stockholm's Museum of National Antiquities for the return of 23 skulls taken from the native Hawaiian community. Five of the skulls will be returned by the museum. They were brought to Sweden by a Swedish scientist in the 1880s after he took part in a trip around the world. The other 17 skulls will be returned by Stockholm's medical university Karolinska Institutet.
    (AP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 15, The Dungeness crab season opened of the California coast.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 15, In eastern Afghanistan hundreds of French and Afghan troops pushed into a hostile valley where militants launch quick attacks, then disappear into hillside villages. Separately in eastern province of Paktika, a joint NATO and Afghan force killed a group of militants while pursuing a commander tied to the militant network run by Jalaluddin Haqqani. A  British soldier was shot and killed while on foot patrol in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, British officials said PM Gordon Brown will apologize to thousands of British children who were shipped to new lives overseas, where many say they suffered neglect and abuse. Thousands of poor British children were sent to Australia, Canada and other former colonies under the Child Migrants Program, which ended in the 1960s. Many ended up in institutions or as farm laborers. The British government has estimated that a total of 150,000 British children may have been shipped abroad between 1618 — when a group was sent to the Virginia Colony — and 1967, most of them from the late 19th century onwards.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Dr. Brooke Magnanti (34), who works for The Bristol Initiative for Research of Child Health, revealed herself to be the woman behind the nom de plume "Belle de Jour," which is the title of a 1967 French film starring Catherine Deneuve. Magnanti kept a weblog of her antics in 2003-2004, which were turned into a best-selling book, "The Intimate Adventures of a London Call Girl." Her memoirs were adapted into a hit 16-episode television series "Secret Diary of a Call Girl," which starred Billie Piper and was screened in countries around the world.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Colombia DAS intelligence agency director Felipe Munoz said Ivan Danilo Alarcon, wanted for rebellion and drug trafficking, was detained by intelligence agents near a university in the city of Cali. Alarcon, who posed as a human rights activist, cried out that he was being kidnapped and 100 people surrounded and detained the agents for over an hour, threatened them with death and took their weapons and armored vests. They freed Alarcon from handcuffs, and he fled.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 15, An Egyptian judicial source said 2 Egyptian Christians, Rami Atef Khella and Raafat Khella, have been condemned to death for the murder of a Muslim man who married one of their relatives after she converted to Islam. Mariam Atef Khella and the couple's daughter Nur were wounded at the time of the attack more than a year ago.
    (AFP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Egypt’s information technology minister said Egypt will apply for the first Internet domain written in Arabic. The announcement was made at a conference grouping Yahoo's co-founder and others to discuss boosting online access in emerging nations.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, German Federal Criminal Police Office confirmed a Spiegel Online report that it had posted notices across Afghanistan warning that Jan Schneider (27), a Kazakhstan-born ethnic German, may plan attacks on German military or civilian institutions in Afghanistan. Authorities identified the German convert to Islam as an al-Qaida associate.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, India's Essar Group, and energy-to-steel conglomerate, said it has agreed to buy a majority stake in Dhabi Group's telecommunication businesses in African nations Uganda and Congo.
    (Reuters, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms abducted and killed 13 men and boys in the village of al-Saadan, a village west of Baghdad, in what some described as revenge against Sunnis who helped fight al-Qaida. Many of the victims were beheaded, while others were shot and mutilated.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 15, Italian police captured convicted mobster Domenico Raccuglia, one of Sicily’s top mafia fugitives, in an apartment near Trapani.
    (SFC, 11/16/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 15, Kosovo held its first elections since independence from Serbia, with some minority Serbs ignoring a call to boycott and casting ballots alongside ethnic Albanians. The voting ended peacefully, with the prime minister claiming his party won convincingly.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Amnesty Int’l. issued the report, "I Can't Believe in Justice Anymore." It said at least 46 people had been unlawfully killed by police in Mozambique since 2006. The report offered five detailed case studies, including that of dancer and choreographer Augusto Cuvilas, who had called police to his home because he feared he was being robbed, only to end up being killed by the officers from whom he had sought help.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Myanmar a ferry carrying nearly 200 passengers sank after colliding with an oil barge in the Ngawun River, killing at least 31 and leaving more than a dozen missing.
    (AP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 15, In northwestern Pakistan militants killed anti-Taliban elder Malik Sher Zaman in the Bajur tribal region. Several hours later, more than a dozen militants opened fire on the house of an anti-Taliban mayor outside the main northwestern city of Peshawar, but security guards repelled the attack, killing three of the assailants. The attacks were seen as part of an escalating campaign to weaken the country's resolve to fight Islamic extremism.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Paraguay 1,200 people escaped a fire that destroyed a supermarket on the outskirts of Asuncion, killing two people.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, Serbian Orthodox Church Patriarch Pavle, born as Gojko Stojcevic (1914), died. He had called for peace and conciliation during the Balkan ethnic conflicts of the 1990s but failed to openly condemn Serb nationalism.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Singapore President Barack Obama said the United States and Russia would have a replacement treaty on reducing nuclear arms ready for approval by year's end, an announcement designed as an upbeat ending to a summit with Asia-Pacific leaders. Obama also attended a second summit with leaders of the 10 southeast Asian countries that make up the ASEAN group. Obama then arrived in Shanghai, launching a three-day visit to an important global US partner and his first travels ever in China.
    (AP, 11/15/09)
2009        Nov 15, In Thailand thousands of demonstrators attended a protest by the royalist "Yellow Shirt" movement against a visit to Cambodia by their arch-foe, fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2009        Nov 16, US federal prosecutors said the Kuwait logistics firm, Public Warehousing co., had inflated prices and defrauded the US government under its multi-billion dollar contract to feed American troops. The contract was set to expire in December 2010.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.D2)
2009        Nov 16, In Los Angeles the new $898 million Metro Gold Line extension began regular service from Union Station to Atlantic Boulevard.
    (SFC, 11/16/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 16, General Motors Co. says it lost $1.2 billion from the time it left bankruptcy protection through Sept. 30, far better than it has reported in previous quarters and a sign that the auto giant is starting to turn around its business.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Michigan the Pontiac Silverdome, built 3 decades ago for $56 million, sold at auction for $583,000. Greek-born Toronto-area businessman Andreas Apostolopoulos was the winning bidder.
    (SFC, 11/25/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 16, NASA’s shuttle Atlantis lifted off from Cape Canaveral with 6 astronauts on a mission to supply the international with spare parts and experimental equipment.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.A17)
2009        Nov 16, The Afghan government said it had formed a major crime unit to tackle corruption, following escalating Western pressure on President Hamid Karzai to fight graft. Afghan insurgents fired a pair of rockets into a crowded marketplace in Kapisa province as a French general met local leaders nearby, killing 14 civilians.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Argentina 2 men were granted a marriage license in Buenos Aires, breaking ground in a country and region where laws ban gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd issued an historic apology to thousands of impoverished British children shipped to Australia with the promise of a better life. But his government ruled out paying compensation for the abuse and neglect that many suffered.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In London, England, Geeta Aulakh (28), a receptionist at a local Asian radio station and mother of two young boys, was found by a passerby in Greenford near Ealing. A week later Sher Singh (18) was court charged with the mutilation and murder of the Asian mother of 2 young boys. Family members say Aulakh, who had recently separated from her husband of 11 years and was filing for divorce, had been threatened in the months leading up to her death.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Shanghai President Barack Obama pointedly nudged China to stop censoring Internet access, offering an animated defense of the tool that helped him win the White House and suggesting Beijing need not fear a little criticism.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, The EU Commission said over 45 countries who catch tuna have agreed to cut catches of the threatened Atlantic bluefin tuna next year.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, French tire maker Michelin announced plans to invest nearly 900 million dollars to build a tire plant to supply India's fast-growing vehicle market.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Kirkuk a parked car bomb exploded in a market, killing two civilians and wounding 10 others. An American soldier died of injuries sustained in a vehicle accident during a patrol. California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger dropped in on US troops in Iraq, thanking them for the sacrifices they and their families are making.
    (AP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 16, Some Israeli troops refused to follow orders during the military's evacuation of settlers at an unauthorized outpost and hoisted a sign opposing settlement evacuations. Four soldiers were sent to a military prison for up to a month, while two others were ordered confined to their base for a month.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, A 3-day summit on world hunger opened in Rome. Zimbabwe’s Pres. Mugabe used the UN summit on world hunger to lash out at the West and defend land reforms blamed for plunging his people into starvation. Some 60 heads of state and dozens of minister rejected a UN call to commit $44 billion annually for agricultural development in poor countries.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(SFC, 11/17/09, p.A8)
2009        Nov 16, In Mexico federal police officer Luis Angel Leon Rodriguez disappeared along with six fellow police as they headed to the western state of Michoacan to fight drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/22/12)
2009        Nov 16, In Mozambique a trail opened for former Transport Minister Antonio Munguambe and four former officials of a company that runs the country's airports. They were accused of stealing nearly $2 million from the company. It was the biggest corruption case to go to court in Mozambique since independence in 1975.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, It was reported that thousands of people, including children, are being secretly recruited and trained inside Kenya to battle Islamic insurgents in neighboring Somalia. Recruiters, about 2 months ago, started openly operating in Kenyan towns and in nearby huts and tents of the refugee camps.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In northwestern Pakistan a pickup truck laden with explosives blew up outside a police station, killing four people in an area that has become the focal point for militant retaliation against an army offensive along the nearby Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, The Palestinians asked the European Union to support their plan to ask the UN to recognize an independent Palestinian state without Israeli consent.
    (AP, 11/16/09)
2009        Nov 16, In Russia Ivan Khutorskoi (26), an anti-hate crimes campaigner, was killed in the entrance of his Moscow apartment building with a shot to the head. The former punk rocker, known as the Bonebreaker, had provided security for meetings of antifascists. He also was known for organizing underground bare-knuckle boxing matches among them, and taking part in violent attacks on ultranationalists.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 16, Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky (37) died after being denied medical assistance for pancreatitis while in pretrial detention at Moscow's Butyrskaya jail. He was arrested in November 2008 on tax-evasion charges linked to his work with William Browder, a British investor barred from Russia in 2005, as an alleged security risk. On Nov 15, 2010, authorities claimed that Magnitsky was suspected of stealing the $230 million that he said Interior Ministry officers had defrauded from the state. Magnitsky originally testified against Interior Ministry officers Pavel Karpov and Artyom Kuznetsov, accusing them of stealing the money before the same officers initiated proceedings against him. On Nov 28, 2011, a private investigation, compiled by Browder, a US-born investor, concluded that Magnitsky was severely beaten and denied medical treatment in prison, and accused the government of failing to prosecute those responsible.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yc25jyq)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.57)(AP, 11/15/10)(AP, 11/28/11)
2009        Nov 16, In southern Sudan 47 people were killed in ethnic clashes in the Lakes state region. The violence followed an attack a day earlier in which five were killed and a minister in the semi-autonomous south’s government was wounded in Central Equatoria state. It was all a continuation of traditional cattle raids, but with the use modern automatic weapons.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 16, A North Korean-crewed, Kiribati-flag, UK-British Virgin Islands owned, single-hulled chemical tanker named the MV Theresa VIII was hijacked with 28 crew members in the south Somali Basin, 180 nautical miles North West of the Seychelles. The ship was released on March 16, 2010, following a ransom payment.
    (AP, 3/16/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yeaum3r)
2009        Nov 16, Thai police arrested Samart Chokechoyma (36) and Kanokwan Wongsaroj (38) on charges of smuggling African ivory into the country to supply shops that sell jewelry and trinkets, including to customers in the US. DNA tests showed that it was of African origin.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 16, A Yemeni security official and the Japanese Embassy said armed tribesmen have kidnapped a Japanese engineer working on the construction of a school and demanded the government release one of their imprisoned tribe members. Takeo Mashimo was released on Nov 23.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Nov 17, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger visited his native Austria.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 17, Australian doctors successfully separated joined-at-the-head Bangladeshi twins after more than 24 hours of surgery, saying the girls were "in great shape" but faced a difficult recovery.
    (AFP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, In Beijing President Barack Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao promised a determined, joint effort to tackle climate change, nuclear disarmament and other global troubles yet emerged from their first full-blown summit with scant progress beyond goodwill. Obama also raised the case of American geologist Xue Feng, who disappeared into Chinese custody in 2007 under charges of stealing state secrets over the purchase of a commercial database on the oil industry.
    (AP, 11/17/09)(SFC, 11/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 17, The European Union joined the US in discouraging Palestinian intentions to seek international recognition of an independent state, urging instead a return to stalled peace talks with Israel.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, Two leading Rwandan Hutu rebels were arrested in Germany on suspicion of crimes against humanity and war crimes this year and in 2008 in DR Congo. The pair, Ignace Murwanashyaka (46) and Straton Musoni (48) are the leader and deputy leader respectively of the Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda. The FDLR is estimated to have 5,000 to 6,000 fighters, many of whom took part in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda before crossing into the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, Iran vowed to continue enriching uranium despite a wrist slap by the UN nuclear watchdog, as US President Barack Obama warned of "consequences" if Tehran refused to come clean on its atomic program.
    (AFP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, Iran’s state television reported that five defendants have been sentenced to death in a mass trial of opposition figures accused of fomenting the unrest that followed the disputed June presidential election. They apparently included 3 death sentences announced last month.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 17, Israel moved to approve a plan to build 900 more housing units in a Jewish neighborhood in the part of Jerusalem claimed by Palestinians, drawing harsh criticism from the United States.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 17, Pakistan said that troops waging a major ground and air offensive against the Taliban have captured most towns once under rebel control in a key district on the Afghan border. The military said overall, 550 militants and 70 soldiers have been killed since the army launched the offensive on October 17. In southwestern Baluchistan province. A bomb targeting a police chief's vehicle in Quetta killed one person and injured six others. Three militants and one Pakistani soldier were killed in fighting in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AFP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/17/09)(AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 17, Slovakia pledged about 250 extra soldiers to the NATO-led force in Afghanistan, the first of what British PM Gordon Brown said would be a series of international reinforcements.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 17, Somali pirates freed 36 crew members from the Spanish trawler Alakrana after holding them since Oct 2. A self-proclaimed pirate said the hostage-takers were paid $3.3 million in ransom, while Spain's PM Zapatero said the country did what it had to do.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, South Korea announced its first greenhouse gas reduction target, pledging to cut emissions of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases by 4 percent below 2005 levels by 2020.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, A judge in Tanzania said the prosecution failed to prove its case against Father Hormisdas Nsengimana (55). He was alleged to have been at the center of a group of Hutu extremists that planned and carried out targeted attacks in Nyanza in 1994. Nsengimana was head of College Christ-Roi, a prestigious Catholic school in the southern Rwandan town. Judge Eric Mose ordered his immediate release from the UN detention facility in Arusha. He had been imprisoned for seven years since his 2002 arrest in Cameroon.
    (AP, 11/17/09)
2009        Nov 17, Ugandan forces shot and killed Okello Okutti, a senior commander of the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), during a clash in Obo, near the Central African Republic's eastern border with Sudan.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 18, The United States attended a meeting of the International Criminal Court's management board at The Hague for the first time in a sign it has stopped shunning the world's only permanent war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, US District Judge Stanwood Duval ruled that the Army Corps of Engineers' failure to properly maintain a navigation channel led to massive flooding in Hurricane Katrina. The ruling gave more than 100,000 other individuals, businesses and government entities a better shot at claiming damages. The ruling was the "first time ever the Army Corps has been held liable for damages for a major catastrophe that it caused."
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, A San Francisco federal judge reduced the 9-year sentence of Pavel Lazarenko (56), a former prime minister of Ukraine (1996-1997), by 11 months. The judge also imposed a $9 million fine and nearly $26 million in forfeitures to the US government, including the value of his sold Novato mansion. Lazarenko was sentenced in 2006 for money laundering and other charges. He was said to have amassed a $250 million fortune in extortions following Ukraine’s independence in 1992.
    (SFC, 11/17/09, p.C2)
2009        Nov 18, California’s Legislative Analyst Office reported that the state will face a $20.7 billion deficit next year.
    (SFC, 11/19/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 18, In NYC the 60th annual Book Awards honored Gore Vidal with its lifetime achievement award. David Eggers won the Literarian Award. Colum McCann won the fiction prize for his novel “Let the Great world Spin." T.J. Styles won the nonfiction award for “The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt."
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.F8)
2009        Nov 18, In Texas Danielle Simpson (30) was executed by lethal injection for the Jan, 2000, abduction and slaying of Geraldine Davidson (84). Simpson became the 22nd prisoner executed in Texas this year.
2009        Nov 18, Artist Jean-Claude Denat de Guillebon (b.1935), the Morocco-born wife of environmental artist Christo, died in NYC. Her Bulgarian-born husband was born that same day as she was. They had met in Paris in 1958.
    (SFC, 11/21/09, p.C3)
2009        Nov 18, Hillary Rodham Clinton, on her first trip to Afghanistan as US secretary of state, said that President Hamid Karzai's inauguration provides a new chance for him to strengthen government accountability and take tangible steps to improve the lives of Afghan citizens.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Argentina's Congress, valuing truth over the right to privacy, authorized the forced extraction of DNA from people who may have been born to political prisoners slain a quarter-century ago, even when they don't want to know their birth parents.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 18, Australian PM Kevin Rudd voiced "concerns" about the Church of Scientology after a senator detailed explosive allegations including torture, imprisonment and coerced abortions.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, China's health minister said his country is vaccinating 1.5 million people a day against swine flu, part of a mammoth effort to reach nearly 7 percent of inhabitants of the world's most populous country by year's end.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, Egyptian fans were attacked after Algeria won (1-0) a make-or-break World Cup qualifying game in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, and offices of Egyptian companies in Algeria were ransacked after a matchup in Cairo over the weekend.
    (AP, 11/19/09)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.52)
2009        Nov 18, In France a 2-day Congress of the International Association of Francophone Mayors opened in Paris. The mayors jeered a speech by PM Francois Fillon and denounced an effort to emasculate local power.
    (Econ, 11/21/09, p.54)(http://www.azi.md/en/story/7016)
2009        Nov 18, Germany said it will extend its mission in Afghanistan for another year, despite the growing unpopularity of the war at home.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Guyana unveiled a simple, white stone plaque with little fanfare at the jungle clearing where more than 900 members of the cult led by the American preacher Jim Jones died in a night of mass murder and suicide on Nov. 18, 1978.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, Iran's foreign minister said his country would not export its enriched uranium for further processing, brushing aside the latest UN plan aimed at preventing Tehran from potentially building nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, In Italy the head of a UN food agency expressed regret that an anti-hunger summit failed to result in precise promises of funding, and critics said the meeting had only thrown crumbs to the world's 1 billion people without enough to eat.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Islamic authorities in Malaysia charged a popular Muslim scholar with delivering an illegal lecture in what critics considered an attempt by conservative clerics to silence a leading moderate preacher. Asri Zainul Abidin (38) has cultivated strong support among young people in the Muslim-majority country for criticizing what he called overzealous efforts by Islamic officials to clamp down on immoral behavior.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, In Mozambique testimony in the highest-level corruption trial in the country’s history implicated ruling party Frelimo as a beneficiary of embezzled funds. Former Mozambican airports company finance director Antenor Pereira, a defendant in the trial, testified that Frelimo had received some of the $1.7 million allegedly stolen from the company.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, The Gaza-based Waad charity, headed by the interior minister of the militant Hamas group, offered $1.4 million to any Arab citizen of Israel who abducts an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 18, Qatar hosted what it billed as the ceremonial launch of Darfur peace talks, but neither Sudanese government nor rebel representatives took part.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Somali pirates attacked the Maersk Alabama for the second time in seven months, though private guards on board the US-flagged ship repelled the attack with gunfire and a high-decibel noise device.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, South African police fired rubber bullets to disperse a mob who attacked shacks belonging to hundreds of migrants following several days of tension. Up to 2,700 Zimbabwean asylum seekers have set up a temporary "safety camp" in a rural South African town following attacks on their shacks in a dispute over jobs.
    (Reuters, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, South Korean auto giant Hyundai said it would roll out another new small car in India as it jostles with rivals for a larger slice of the fast-growing Indian market.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, Swedish museum officials returned the remains of five indigenous Maori people to New Zealand as part of a broader move in Europe to repatriate remains taken from burial grounds.
    (AP, 11/18/09)
2009        Nov 18, In Uganda a new 12 million dollar family planning drive was launched in Kampala highlighting how Obama administration funding has revamped a contraception drive in Africa and developing states. Uganda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania and Kenya will share in the 12-million dollar funding, but international organizations still have to persuade certain African governments that it is in their interest to curb population growth.
    (AFP, 11/18/09)

2009        Nov 19, In Las Vegas Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines demolished Puerto Rican Miguel Cotto to become the only man in history to win seven titles in as many weight classes.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, A US congressional advisory panel said that Chinese spies are aggressively stealing American secrets to use in building Beijing's military and economic strength.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, US air travelers scrambled to revise their travel plans after an FAA computer glitch caused widespread cancellations and delays for the second time in 15 months.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, California Attorney General Jerry Brown issued an opinion that the salaries of legislators and other elected officials can be cut in the middle of their terms. The decision was expected to save the state $2.8 million next year. UC regents passed a 32% tuition increase despite protests by angry students.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.C1)(SFC, 11/20/09, p.C2)
2009        Nov 19, In San Francisco former McKesson Corp. Chairman Charles McCall was convicted by a federal jury of 5 felonies for inflating the revenues of HBO & Co., a medical software company, before McKesson acquired it for $13.9 billion in January 1999.
    (www.nytimes.com/2009/11/20/business/20fraud.html)(SFC, 6/19/12, p.D1)
2009        Nov 19, In Silicon Valley, California, the Tech Awards, a humanitarian program recognizing technological solutions aimed at worldwide challenges, honored 5 winners for their work in the environment, economic development, education, equality and health.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.D1)
2009        Nov 19, Google unveiled its new Chrome operating system for an always-connected netbook.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.D1)
2009        Nov 19, US bank J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. said it has bought full control of J.P. Morgan Cazenove in a 1 billion pound ($1.67 billion) deal with its joint venture partner, the venerable London financial house Cazenove Group Ltd.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Tim Lincecum (25) of the San Francisco giants won the Cy Young Award, baseball’s highest honor for pitching, for a 2nd consecutive season. He apologized for his Oct 30 arrest for marijuana possession. He had already agreed to a plea deal and a $250 fine for the 3.3 grams of marijuana found during a stop for speeding just north of the Oregon state line.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 19, Texas executed Robert Lee Thompson (34), for his role in a fatal store holdup 13 years earlier. Triggerman Sammy Butler had gunned store clerk Mansoor Bhai Rahim but received a life sentence. Thompson was the 23 inmate executed in Texas this year.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.A7)
2009        Nov 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai pledged in his inauguration speech that Afghanistan will prosecute corrupt officials and control its own security within five years. A suicide bomber targeting an Afghan security forces convoy in Uruzgan province killed 10 civilians and wounded another 13. Two US service members were killed in an explosion in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/19/09)   
2009        Nov 19, Herman Van Rompuy, Belgium's Prime Minister and former economist, was named the European Union's first permanent President. Baroness Catherine Ashton, Britain's European Commissioner, was appointed as the EU’s Foreign Minister-designate, with the unwieldy title of High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Bolivian police busted five cocaine labs and arrested two people in a remote Indian village after a confrontation in which an officer was shot.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 19, The European Commission signed a 677 million euro (one billion dollar) deal in Brussels to help Nigeria tackle challenges in its restive oil-producing region, promoting peace.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, An Ethiopian court convicted 26 people who were accused of taking part in an alleged coup plot earlier this year and acquitted five others.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In France South Korean model Daul Kim (20), a fashion week regular in New York, Milan and Paris, was been found hanged in her Paris apartment.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, In India thousands of sugar cane farmers staged a massive demonstration in New Delhi, halting traffic as they demanded higher prices for the crop.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In eastern India a passenger train derailed after Maoist rebels blew up a key track in Jharkhand state, killing two people and injuring at least 30 others.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, Israeli aircraft struck a weapons-manufacturing facility and two smuggling tunnels in the southern Gaza Strip, in response to recent rocket attacks on Israel.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Four whaling ships left Japan for a five-month hunt in the Southern Ocean, using a loophole in an international moratorium that allows their killing for lethal "research."
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, From Lebanon the militant Hezbollah group said that Sheik Hassan Nasrallah has been re-elected as the group's leader for a sixth term.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a courthouse in Peshawar, killing 19 people. The bomb explosion occurred hours after missiles fired from a suspected US drone killed three suspected militants in Shana Khuwara village in North Waziristan. 5 Pakistani troops and six militants were killed in a gunbattle at a security outpost to the north in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 11/19/09)(AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, Peruvian police said a gang in the Peruvian jungle has been killing people and draining fat from the corpses to sell on the black market for use in cosmetics, although medical experts say they doubt a major market for fat exists.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, Russia's Constitutional Court effectively outlawed the death penalty, saying a moratorium on capital punishment should remain in force until the nation fully bans executions.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In Russia a gunman killed Rev. Daniil Sysoyev, a Russian Orthodox priest, in his Moscow church and seriously wounded the reverend's assistant.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, In South Korea President Barack Obama said a US envoy would visit North Korea early next month, as he joined South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak in urging the communist state back to nuclear talks.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Venezuelan authorities captured Magally Moreno (39), a former Colombian official, wanted for collaborating with outlawed right-wing paramilitary fighters. Moreno was wanted by Colombian authorities on charges of aggravated homicide and Interpol had called for her arrest.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 19, Zimbabwe’s government said security forces have started withdrawing from the country's eastern diamond fields to meet Kimberley Process reforms over human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)

2009        Nov 20, A US judge blocked a Tennessee law that allowed people to bring handguns into restaurants and bars.
    (Reuters, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 20, The Manhattan Declaration, signed by about 150 prominent Christian clergy, ministry leaders and scholars, was released at a press conference in Washington, DC. A number of Christian leaders, known for their public witness on behalf of justice, human rights, and the common good, had come together in shaping the declaration. It was born out of an urgent concern about growing efforts to marginalize the Christian voice in the public square, to redefine marriage, and to move away from the biblical view of the sanctity of life. In December 2010 Apple removed it as an iPhone App.
    (www.manhattandeclaration.org/the-movement/movement.aspx)(SFC, 12/7/10, p.A18)
2009        Nov 20, Oprah Winfrey announced that she will end her eponymous show in Sep 2011, 26 after it first aired nationwide.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.78) 
2009        Nov 20, Lester Shubin (84), former US Justice Dept. researcher, died at his home in Virginia. In the 1970s he began developing Kevlar, a new DuPont fabric invented in 1965, into body armor for police and soldiers. DuPont had intended Kevlar to replace steel belting on tires and began marketing it in 1971. By the end of 2009 bulletproof vests had saved the lives of over 3,000 law enforcement officers.
    (SFC, 11/28/09, p.C4)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.E2)
2009        Nov 20, Charis Wilson (96), American model and writer, died. She had modeled for photographer Edward Weston for 11 years beginning in 1934.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.96)
2009        Nov 20, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck Farah city, the capital of the southwestern province of Farah, killing 16 people near the governor's home. A roadside bomb targeted a controversial warlord, who escaped unscathed but killed five of his bodyguards northwest of Kabul. A similar device, of the type favored by Taliban insurgents, killed three civilians in the east.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 20, In Australia 2 executives at Securency, a banknote-making firm part-owned by Australia's central bank, were suspended over a police probe into alleged bribery and kickbacks. According to a May 23 report by The Age newspaper, Securency officials had paid more than 12 million dollars in kickbacks for a printing contract to a Vietnamese businessman with links to the communist state's government. Officials were also accused of paying bribes worth millions of dollars into tax haven bank accounts of a politically-connected Nigerian businessman to win a 2007 contract.
    (AFP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 20, Australian firefighters battled dozens of bush blazes as record-breaking hot weather sparked "catastrophic" warnings in two states, just months after the country's worst ever wildfire disaster.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, Canada’s TD Bank was hit with a multimillion-dollar lawsuit calling it the "financial epicenter" of an alleged Ponzi scheme run by disgraced Florida lawyer Scott Rothstein.
    (Reuters, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, In Cuba Reinaldo Escobar, the husband of acclaimed dissident Cuban blogger, Yoani Sanchez, was punched and shouted down by a pro-government mob after he challenged the presumed state agents who earlier roughed up his wife, to a street corner debate.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 20, Egyptian police shot and killed a Bedouin in north Sinai after the arrest of fellow tribesmen prompted clashes. Protesters injured dozens of police near the Algerian embassy in Cairo, fanning the flames of a diplomatic spat that erupted after Algeria won a football World Cup qualifier.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, In northern England military helicopters winched dozens of people to safety and emergency workers in inflatable boats rescued scores more as floods swamped the picturesque Lake District. One police officer was missing and feared dead after a bridge was swept away.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, In France a man with an automatic rifle opened fire on a car near a Paris train station, killing one man and wounding two others.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, Germany filed terrorism charges against a Turkish-German dual citizen allegedly linked to a member of a cell that plotted to attack US targets. The 24-year-old, identified only as Kadir T. in line with German privacy laws, was charged with supporting a foreign terrorist organization and violating export laws.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Nov 20, German prosecutors said that around 200 football matches in nine European countries including at least three Champions League games are implicated in a new match-fixing scandal.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, Guatemalan officials announced the resumption of international adoptions after a nearly two-year suspension prompted by the discovery that some babies were being sold.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, In India 7 people were arrested in Mumbai after activists from a hardline Hindu regional political party ransacked a television station's offices and beat up staff.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, In the Northern Mariana Islands a gunman went on a rampage on the Pacific resort island of Saipan, killing 4 people and wounding six others before fatally shooting himself. Li Zhongren (42), a Chinese citizen, was believed to have been employed at the shooting range and left notes indicating personal financial problems and frustrations.
    (AP, 11/20/09)(SFC, 11/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 20, In Mexico Jesus Zambada Reyes, identified as the nephew of drug lord Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada, was found dead in an apparent suicide in Guerrero state. A body found in Guerrero state was identified as Omar Guerrero Solis, a rebel leader who had accused the state governor of drug ties. Solis told local media in May that he believed Gov. Zeferino Torreblanca had ties to the Sinaloa cartel. He accused the army of not detaining Sinaloa gunmen, while cracking down on members of the rival Beltran Leyva cartel. US citizen Lizbeth Marin was shot in Matamoros and later died of the wound. A Mexican army soldier was said to have accidentally fired a round that hit Marin.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 20, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed at least eight militants, the second attack this week in an area believed to hold many insurgents who fled from an army offensive elsewhere in the Afghan border region. Four Pakistani soldiers, including a captain, were killed when militants ambushed their convoy in the North Waziristan area of Shawal. Two police officers were killed and four others wounded when a remote-controlled bomb destroyed their vehicle in Peshawar.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, Somali pirates hijacked a Panamanian cargo ship in the Gulf of Aden between the Arabian peninsula and the Horn of Africa.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 20, Swiss authorities said that they had ordered some 350 million dollars of assets to be seized from the son of the late Nigerian dictator Sani Abacha for graft.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 20, In Geneva, Sw., CERN scientists restarted the $10 billion Large Hadron Collider (LHC) following more than a year of repairs. They were surprised that they could so quickly get beams of protons whizzing near the speed of light during the restart.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 20, In Tanzania members of the East Africa Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda) signed a common market agreement in Arusha, headquarters of the EAC.
2009        Nov 20, Hugo Chavez has defended the alleged terrorist mastermind Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Sanchez Ramirez, saying the Venezuelan imprisoned in France was an important "revolutionary fighter" who supported the cause of the Palestinians. Ramirez gained international notoriety during the 1970s and 80s as the alleged mastermind of a series of bombings, killings and hostage dramas. He is serving a life sentence in France for the 1975 murders of two French secret agents and an alleged informant.
    (AP, 11/21/09)

2009        Nov 21, Th US Senate voted 60-39 to open debate on the health care bill. The vote was hailed a victory for Pres. Obama, but final passage of the legislation was far from certain.
    (AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a rocket hit outside the luxury Serena Hotel in Kabul, wounding two people. NATO took command of the training of the Afghan army and police to consolidate efforts on building an effective security force, a vital precondition for the withdrawal of foreign troops.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(Reuters, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Australia issued "catastrophic" alerts after record-breaking temperatures and wild lightning storms sparked more than 100 fires across the country.
    (AFP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, The University of East Anglia, in eastern England, said computer hackers have broken into a server at a well-respected climate change research center and posted hundreds of private e-mails and documents online, stoking debate over whether some scientists have overstated the case for man-made climate change. More than a decade of correspondence between leading British and US scientists was included in about 1,000 e-mails and 3,000 documents posted on Web sites following the security breach last week.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In northern China a gas explosion tore through the state-run Xinxing coal mine in Heilongjiang province, killing at least 107 people with 2 missing.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(AP, 11/22/09)(AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 21, Indonesian authorities picked up Abdul Basir Latip, a co-founder of the Al Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf extremist group, at Jakarta airport for using a false passport.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Nov 21, Italian police arrested a Pakistani father and son accused of helping fund and providing logistical support for last year's terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India. The day before the attacks began on Nov. 26 they allegedly sent money using a stolen identity to a US company to activate Internet phone accounts used by the attackers and their handlers.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Northern Ireland a car containing a 400-pound (180kg) device, crashed through barriers outside the Belfast headquarters of the province's policing supervision board and partially exploded. Elsewhere, police exchanged shots with paramilitaries in a border village and 3 people were arrested.
    {Northern Ireland}
    (AFP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Pakistani Kashmir 3 suspected Taliban militants blew themselves up as police chased them.
    (Reuters, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Hamas announced that it has reached an agreement with other militant groups in Gaza to stop firing rockets at southern Israeli towns to prevent retaliatory attacks.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin pledged to widen the country’s anti-crisis aid package with a car scrappage scheme and mortgage support to jolt the economy out of the worst recession in 15 years. President Dmitry Medvedev sharply criticized officials in the ruling Kremlin-backed party for manipulating recent regional votes, saying it must learn to win fairly.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Russian spaceship designer Konstantin Feoktistov (83), the only non-Communist space traveler in the history of the Soviet space program, died. In 1964, he traveled aboard the Voskhod spaceship as part of the first group space flight in history.
    (AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 21, Saudi health officials announced the first deaths from swine flu of this year's annual pilgrimage to Mecca, as four pilgrims succumbed to the disease soon after arriving in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Sri Lanka said it would grant free movement to the remaining war-displaced civilians held in internment camps, meeting a key demand of the international community. The government reiterated it would complete the resettlement of civilians by the end of January.
    (AFP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Sudan Silva Kashif (16), a girl from south Sudan, was arrested convicted and lashed 50 times after a Khartoum judge ruled her knee-length skirt was indecent. Her mother, Jenty Doro, later said she planned to sue the police who made the arrest and the judge who imposed the sentence, as her daughter was underage and a Christian.
    (Reuters, 11/27/09)(AFP, 11/28/09)

2009        Nov 22, Country crossover star Taylor Swift overshadowed the late Michael Jackson at the American Music Awards, winning five prizes including artist of the year.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, It was reported that US and Afghan officials have begun helping a number of anti-Taliban militias under a plan called the Community Defense Initiative. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan border security guards traveling on a heavily used road in Kandahar province near the border with Pakistan. NATO forces detained several militants with links to the Taliban. South of Kabul, an Afghan-international security force detained several militants near the village of Kashimiri Balat while pursuing an alleged Taliban member involved in the weapons trade. Also south of Kabul, a joint force detained several suspected militants, including a Taliban commander linked with several local Taliban leaders. In Ghazni province a joint force killed a militant, detained another and recovered pistols and grenades while pursing a Taliban commander. 3 Afghan soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in southern Helmand province. A bomb attack and a firefight killed 3 US troops.
    (SSFC, 11/22/09, p.A8)(AP, 11/22/09)(AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, An Algerian court acquitted 2 men who had been held for seven years in the US military prison in Guantanamo Bay on suspicion of belonging to an extremist group. Faghoul Abdelli and Mohamed Terari were arrested in Pakistan after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US and transferred to Guantanamo Bay where they were held without trial before being sent home to Algeria last year.
    (Reuters, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 22, In the northeast of Central African Republic 2 French aid workers in Birao were kidnapped by a gang of armed men, close to the border with Sudan. Olivier Denis and Olivier Frappe wee freed on March 14, 2010, in Darfur.
    (AFP, 11/24/09)(AFP, 3/14/10)
2009        Nov 22, India’s PM Manmohan Singh arrived in Washington for talks with Pres. Obama.
    (SFC, 11/23/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 22, In northeast India suspected separatists set off two explosions killing five people and wounding at least 52 more near Gauhati, the Assam state capital. Two people died later in a hospital.
    (AFP, 11/22/09)(AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 22, Nearly 250 people were pulled from the sea after the Dumai Express went down in heavy rain and huge swells off Karimun island in the north of the Indonesian archipelago. At least 29 people were killed and 20 were missing.
    (AFP, 11/22/09)(AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, Iran began large-scale air defense war games aimed at protecting the country's nuclear facilities against any possible attack. Mohammad Ali Abtahi, a former vice president, (1997-2005) was released on a $700,000 bail. His lawyer said he had been sentenced to six years in prison in the mass trial of opposition figures accused of fomenting post-election unrest.
    (AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 22, Iranian Pres. Ahmadinejad arrived in Gambia for a 24-hour working visit aimed at fostering relations between the Islamic republic and the West African nation.
    (AFP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 22, Former Iranian Interior Minister Ali Kordan (51), who was dismissed after being accused of faking a law degree from the University of Oxford, died. Iran's parliament dismissed Kordan in 2008 after questions arose over his credentials from Oxford. The university denied it awarded him an honorary doctorate of law.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, An American soldier was killed in action in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, Israeli aircraft attacked two suspected weapons-making factories and a smuggling tunnel in the Gaza Strip in what the military said was retaliation for Palestinian rocket fire into southern Israel.
    (AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 22, Pakistan's army fought Islamist militants for control of a northwestern district. Fighting in Shahukhel in Hangu district close to the Afghan border killed 12 militants.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, Romania held elections. President Traian Basescu received 32.7% of the vote, while Mircea Geoana won 30.1%, in first official results based on around 85% of the vote counted in an election tainted by accusations of fraud.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 22, The UN Food and Agricultural Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing was adopted by the FAO Conference. In 2016 the agreement came into force.
    (http://www.fao.org/fishery/psm/en)(Econ 5/27/17, p.24)

2009        Nov 23, The US Consumer Product Safety Commission recalled of 2.1 million cribs following links to 4 infant suffocations. The drop-side cribs were made by Stork Craft Manufacturing of Canada.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 23, Jacques Monsieur (56), a Belgian arms dealer pleaded guilty, in an Alabama courtroom to conspiracy to illegally export F-5 fighter jet engines and parts from the US to Iran. Monsieur, along with Dara Fotouhi, an Iranian national living in France, was charged in a six-count indictment with conspiracy, money laundering and smuggling.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 23, Ohio police seized about 35 pipe bombs, an assortment of firearms, hundreds of rounds of ammunition at the Cuyahoga Falls apartment of Mark Campano (56), a former doctor, following two loud explosions. Citing a history of drug dependency, the Medical Board of Ohio had removed Campano's license in 2006.
    (AP, 11/26/09)(SFC, 11/28/09, p.A5)
2009        Nov 23, The US signed an agreement giving 38.7 million dollars to 27 Afghan provinces that eliminated or significantly reduced opium production in the world's biggest supplier country. Afghanistan’s deputy attorney general said 2 Afghan cabinet ministers are being investigated under suspicion of embezzlement. A suicide bomber, targeting a police convoy, killed two civilian men and three children in northern Kunduz province. Five others were wounded in the attack. A bomb attack killed a US soldier in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)(Reuters, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, A Chinese court sentenced Web site manager Huang Qi, a veteran dissident, to three years in prison after he criticized the government's response to the May, 2008, earthquake that killed about 90,000 people.
    (AP, 11/23/09)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.45)
2009        Nov 23, India's army tested a nuclear-capable Agni missile after sunset for the first time to demonstrate it could be fired whenever required.
    (Reuters, 11/23/09)   
2009        Nov 23, Iran's central bank chief said that the country has gained five billion dollars by replacing the US dollar with the euro in its currency basket. Iran’s conservative Jomhuri Eslami reported that the moral police have arrested a dozen couples for engaging in illicit sexual acts, including swapping of partners.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, Iran ordered a ban on the Hamshahri daily, the country's largest-circulation newspaper, for publishing a photo of a Baha'i temple. Iran's Shiite cleric-led regime views the Baha'i religion as heretical and has banned it since the 1979 revolution. The ban was lifted after one day.
    (AP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 23, Iraqi lawmakers voted to change the system for distributing parliamentary seats. But lawmakers from the Sunni minority walked out before the vote, saying they will lose seats under the change.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, UOP LLC, a Honeywell company, announced today that its renewable jet fuel process technology was used to convert second-generation, renewable feedstocks to green jet fuel for a biofuel demonstration flight by KLM Royal Dutch Airlines.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb877n3)(SFC, 11/24/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 23, Pakistan's army fought Islamist militants for control of a northwestern district, killing 18 of them. It was the second day of fighting in Shahukhel in Hangu district close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, In the southern Philippines dozens of gunmen hijacked a convoy carrying journalists, and family and supporters of a candidate for provincial governor, killing 57 people in Maguindanao province. In 2010 Senior Police Officer Rainier Ebus testified he saw former Mayor Andal Ampatuan Jr., the scion of the clan that was in control of southern Maguindanao province, shoot about 40 of the 57 victims after stopping their vehicles. Maguindanao is part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which was created as part of a 1996 peace agreement with a large Muslim rebel group. The body of journalist Reynaldo Momay (61), a photographer for a small-town newspaper, was missing. He would be the 58th victim.
    (AP, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/10/10)(AP, 11/22/10)
2009        Nov 23, In Russia 8 military personnel were killed when a truckload of ammunition exploded as they cleaned up after the huge Nov 13 conflagration at a munitions depot in Ulyanovsk.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, Shiite rebels in northern Yemen accused Saudi forces of launching a major cross-border ground and air attack, a day after an alleged failed incursion.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, In Geneva the world's largest atom smasher made another leap forward Monday by circulating beams of protons in opposite directions at the same time and causing the first particle collisions in the $10 billion machine after more than a year of repairs.
    (AP, 11/23/09)

2009        Nov 24, President Barack Obama showered praise on India and PM Manmohan Singh in an elaborate welcoming ceremony, declaring it was only fitting the Indian leader should be the first state visitor of his administration. Virginia couple, Michaele and Tareq Salahi, met Pres. Obama in the receiving line of the state dinner for PM Singh. A "deeply concerned and embarrassed" Secret Service later acknowledged that its officers never checked whether the two were on the guest list before letting them onto the White House grounds.
    (AP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 24, In Alaska the Catholic diocese of Fairbanks and representatives of almost 300 alleged victims of sex abuse by clergy agreed on a settlement of almost $10 million.
    (SFC, 11/25/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 24, Afghanistan’s attorney general's office said 15 current and former Afghan ministers are under investigation over allegations of corruption that have plagued the government of President Hamid Karzai.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, Lloyds launched the country's largest-ever rights issue to raise 13.5 billion pounds from existing shareholders.
    (AFP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva gave a welcoming bear hug Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and urged Western nations to drop threats of punishment over the Iranian nuclear program and instead negotiate a fair solution.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, Rio de Janeiro's posh beach neighborhoods lost power for hours in sweltering summer weather, prompting restaurants to toss out spoiled food and business owners to send employees home.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, China executed Zhang Yujun and Geng Jinping for their roles in a contaminated milk powder scandal last year that led to the deaths of at least six infants and sickened up to 300,000.
    (AFP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, A report was leaked on the UN’s peacekeeping mission in the CongoDRC, better known as MONUC. The report alleged collusion between peacekeepers and Congo’s army to help various rebel groups in exchange for cash and access to mineral wealth.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.54)(http://congosiasa.blogspot.com/2009/11/leak-un-expert-report.html)
2009        Nov 24, Iran released on $500,000 bail prominent reformist Mohammad Atrianfar who has been convicted in connection with street protests after June's disputed presidential election.
    (AFP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, Iran said it was ready to exchange its low-enriched uranium with a higher enriched material, but only on its own soil, to guarantee the West follows through with promises to give the fuel.
    (AFP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, Israel carried out three airstrikes in the Gaza Strip, targeting a weapons-manufacturing facility and weapons smuggling tunnels. They came in response to two rockets Palestinian militants fired at southern Israel from Gaza a day earlier. Gaza's Islamic Hamas rulers reported that two of the group's militants were killed when a rocket they were handling blew up prematurely.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, In Italy prostitute Patrizia D'Addario’s memoir, "Gradisca, Presidente," (At Your Pleasure, Premier), went on sale. In it she claimed that she had slept with Premier Silvio Berlusconi on the understanding he would help her set up a countryside inn but that she got "nothing" in return.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, In Nepal the 2-day Gadhimai festival, celebrated every five years, was attended by many Hindus from India as well as Nepal. More than 200,000 buffaloes, pigs, goats, chickens and pigeons were expected to be slaughtered this year.
    (AP, 11/20/09)(AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 24, Pakistan’s government offered peacemaking proposals to separatists in Baluchistan, including an end to military operations and a payment of $1.4 billion to the province in increased gas royalties.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.29)
2009        Nov 24, In Thailand Samak Sundaravej (74), a firebrand right-wing politician and TV cooking show host who served a brief and tumultuous term last year as prime minister, died of cancer.
    (AP, 11/24/09)(Econ, 12/5/09, p.96)

2009        Nov 25, US federal prosecutors said a young woman from Mexico was smuggled over the border and forced to work as a prostitute for years in Brooklyn, and the remains of an infant were found in concrete at the home where she was held prisoner. NYPD officials discovered the bin a day earlier, with the remains of an infant inside. Domingo Salazar (33) and his wife, Norma Mendez (32), appeared in US District Court in Brooklyn on sex trafficking charges and were being held without bail.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 25, A new report said Wal-Mart Stores Inc's demand for rock-bottom prices from suppliers in China means some of these companies are forcing their employees to work in sweatshop-like conditions.
    (Reuters, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Toyota said it would fix accelerator pedals on 4.26 million vehicles to prevent them from becoming stuck and leading to unintentional acceleration.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.76)
2009        Nov 25, Mullah Omar, the Taliban's reclusive leader, issued a Muslim holiday message calling on Afghans to break off relations with the government, which he described as a 'stooge' administration.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Officials said flooding from heavy rains has killed 12 people in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and forced more than 20,000 to flee their homes. Most of the dead were in southern Brazil, including eight in Rio Grande do Sul.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Australian Northern Territory officials said some 6,000 feral camels are running wild in the remote outback community of Docker River in search of water, smashing infrastructure and invading the airstrip.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, British PM Gordon Brown says 10 NATO nations are ready to offer about 5,000 more troops for the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, The British government said Scotland will be given greater tax-raising powers under the biggest shake-up of the nation's finances for 30 years.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2009        Nov 25, The Canadian dollar rose to a one-week high against the US dollar after the Russian central bank said it was preparing to invest some of its foreign exchange reserves in the Canadian currency.
    (Reuters, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, A court in northern China sentenced five leaders of an unauthorized Protestant church to prison terms of up to 7 years on charges including illegal assembly. Their arrests stemmed from a Sept. 13 raid by police and hired security guards on sunrise services held in a dormitory building by the 50,000-member Linfen Fushan Church in Linfen, northern Shanxi province.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 25, A Chinese health official said eight cases of swine flu mutation have been detected amid longstanding concerns among scientists that the virus could change into a more dangerous form.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, In western Democratic Republic of Congo at least 73 people were killed and others missing after a logging boat sank in Lake Mai Ndombe in Bandundu province.
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 25, Dubai, whose extravagant building projects have been largely put on hold since the start of the global financial crisis, said it would ask creditors at its flagship firms Dubai World and property developer Nakheel to delay repayment on billions of dollars of debt until May 30, 2010 at the earliest.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.83)
2009        Nov 25, Iranian Pres. Ahmadinejad arrived in Caracas for a meeting with President Hugo Chavez, as the two outspoken anti-US leaders try to boost ties.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, An Iranian cleric said religious authorities have started taking control of schools, part of a wider ideological drive by hard-liners to wage what authorities call a "soft war" against Western influence.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Iran stopped the yacht, “Kingdom of Bahrain," owned by Sail Bahrain as it sailed from Bahrain to the Gulf city of Dubai. It had been due to join the 360-mile (580km) Dubai-Muscat Offshore Sailing Race, which was to begin Nov. 26. Five British sailors were detained. The 5 sailors were released on Dec 2.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Nov 25, In Iraq a double bombing killed 4 people and injured 25 civilians in Karbala ahead of the 4-day Islamic holiday of Eid al-Adha. 6 others were killed in an overnight raid by insurgents on a home north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(SFC, 11/26/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 25, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu proposed a 10-month freeze on West Bank settlement construction in what he says is an attempt to jumpstart Mideast peace talks. The freeze would not include east Jerusalem, the area of the holy city claimed by the Palestinians for a future capital.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, In Mali gunmen kidnapped Pierre Camatte, a French national, in the remote east. The kidnapping was attributed to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Camatte was released on Feb 23, 2010.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)(AFP, 12/1/09)(SFC, 2/24/10, p.A2)
2009        Nov 25, Pakistan charged seven men in last year's Mumbai terror attacks, its first indictments in a case watched closely by India and the United States to see if Islamabad makes good on promises to punish those responsible.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, In Saudi Arabia rare, heavy rainstorms soaked pilgrims and flooded the road into Mecca, snarling Islam's annual hajj as some 2.5 million Muslims headed for the holy sites. The downpours add an extra hazard on top of intense concerns about the spread of swine flu. The torrential rains killed at least 106 people. Most of the deaths occurred in Jiddah, where streets were swamped with water, some houses collapsed and mudslides took place, and in areas around the main highway to Mecca.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(AFP, 11/25/09)(AP, 11/26/09)(AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 25, Voters in St. Vincent and the Grenadines rejected a referendum on whether or not to break their ties with Britain's monarchy, even as Queen Elizabeth II is made a rare visit to the region.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 25, Yves Rossy, a Swiss adventurer, landed in the Atlantic after trying to soar from Morocco to Spain on jet-powered wings.
    (SFC, 11/27/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 25, A United Nations report confirmed that one of Africa's most brutal rebel movements relies on a vast, international network of supporters in at least 25 countries including in the US and Europe who facilitate arms trafficking, money transfers and day-to-day operational support. The findings are a scathing indictment of how little has been done by the international community to cut off logistical support to the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), an ethnic Hutu militia which has wreaked havoc in Congo.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Zimbabwe's state media said the ailing public health system will receive a 180 million US dollar boost to fight HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria from the Global Fund.
    (AP, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 26, The Univ. of Michigan announced that football player Charles Woodson is donating $2 million to its new Mott Children's Hospital and Women's Hospital.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 26, In Jupiter, Florida, 3 women and a child, Makayla Sitton, in bed were shot to death during a family Thanksgiving gathering. Police officers were looking for Paul Michael Merhige (35) of Miami. Merhige, a cousin of the 6-year-old victim, was arrested on Jan 2, 2010, at a motel in the Florida Keys.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 1/3/10)
2009        Nov 26, In Vienna Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said that his probe of allegations that Iran tried to make nuclear arms is at "a dead end" because Tehran is not cooperating and warned that confidence in Tehran had shrunk in the wake of its belated revelation of a previously secret nuclear facility.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In the Central African Republic the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) claimed they had taken control of the key north central town of Ndele after an attack. The rebels said three of their men had been killed, four were wounded, and that about a dozen soldiers were killed. The CPJP is led by Charles Massi, who was a prime minister under Ange-Felix Patasse, the president toppled in a bloodless coup by Bozize in 2003.
    (AFP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, China announced plans to cut its carbon emissions by up to 45 percent as measured against its economic output, a commitment from the world's largest polluter that builds momentum ahead of a widely anticipated climate conference in Copenhagen next month.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In China 172 miners were underground when an explosion occurred at the Zhenxing coal mine. 10 miners were killed in the gas explosion.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 26, In the Congo four UN peacekeepers were wounded in northern Congo after a UN helicopter was attacked by armed men.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 26, European banks were hit by concern about potential exposure to debt problems in Dubai, while companies where Middle Eastern investors own big stakes also came under pressure.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In Lyon, France, thieves used a sledgehammer to smash through the reinforced glass on a downtown Cartier storefront. They then swiped jewelry and watches from display cases. In Dec police recovered nearly euro800,000 ($1,181,900) in jewels stolen in the holdup. Officers came across the stash by accident while searching the apartment of a suspect in another jewelry theft. The suspect was still at large.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Nov 26, Georgia’s foreign minister said his country is very worried about the possible sale of French warships to Russia and intends to press the issue of security guarantees in France.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In southern Hungary a student (23) opened fire at a university in the city of Pecs, killing one student and wounding three other people.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In Indonesia police broke up a protest by the environmental group Greenpeace against deforestation on the island of Sumatra, arresting 12 foreign and six Indonesian demonstrators.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, A human rights group said Iran has brought new espionage charges against Kian Tajbakhsh (47), an Iranian-American scholar, who was already convicted of spying and sentenced to 15 years in prison in the country's crackdown following June's disputed presidential election. Prominent political activist Behzad Nabavi (67) was released on $800,000 bail. Shapoor Kazemi, opposition leader Mousavi's brother-in-law, was freed on $50,000 bail.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, Shirin Ebadi, 2003 Nobel Peace Prize, said that Iranian authorities took her medal about three weeks ago from a safe-deposit box, claiming she owed taxes on the $1.3 million she was awarded. Ebadi said that such prizes are exempt from tax under Iranian law. In Norway, where the peace prize is awarded, the government said the confiscation of the gold medal was a shocking first in the history of the 108-year-old prize.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 26, In Ireland an official report said the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Dublin obsessively covered up widespread sexual abuse of children by priests until the mid-1990s in a misuse of the Church's central role in Irish society.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In the Philippines Andal Ampatuan Jr., mayor of Ampatua, surrendered to presidential adviser Jesus Dureza in the provincial capital. He had allegedly led dozens of police and pro-government militiamen in the Nov 23 massacre of an election convoy.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, Polish defense ministry spokesman Robert Rochowicz said the US and Poland have agreed terms for stationing US troops in Poland so that the deployment of US Patriot missiles can start next year.
    (AFP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, The Swiss Justice Ministry said Roman Polanski will be placed under house arrest at his Alpine chalet as soon as possible, announcing it would not appeal a court's decision to release the 76-year-old director on bail.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 26, In Tunisia Taoufik Ben Brik (49), a journalist known for his critical stance toward Tunisia's government, was sentenced to six months in prison for what his lawyer called a trumped-up assault charge. Brik was released on April 27, 2010.
    (AP, 11/26/09)(AP, 4/27/10)

2009        Nov 27, Tiger Woods ran his SUV into a fire hydrant and a tree outside his Florida home. This took place just days after the National Enquirer claimed he had an affair with Rachel Uchitel, the 33-year-old golf champ. A report soon followed in Us Weekly magazine of a cocktail waitress claiming to have had a 31-month affair with Woods.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(http://tinyurl.com/yjqs6nr)
2009        Nov 27, Space shuttle Atlantis and its 7 astronauts returned to Earth with a smooth touchdown at Cape Canaveral, Fla., to end an "amazing" flight that resupplied the International Space Station.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, Bess. L. Hawes (b.1921), co-writer of the political whimsical hit “Charlie on the MTA’’ (1948), died in Portland, Ore. The song became a big hit for the Kingston Trio in 1959.
2009        Nov 27, Afghan President Hamid Karzai called on the Taliban and other extremist groups to lay down their weapons and participate in rebuilding the battered country, as part of reconciliation efforts he has said will be his main objective during his second term. Turyalai Wesa, the governor of Kandahar province survived an assassination attempt when a bomb targeting his convoy exploded as he headed for prayers. An Afghan Red Crescent official in Takhar province was shot to death in an apparent attempt to settle a long-standing dispute. Police detained a father, his son and a nephew.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, A NATO official said alliance nations may increase their fighting force in Afghanistan by up to 6,000 soldiers in response to President Barack Obama's expected call for 30,000 additional US and allied service members.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In southern Bangladesh the MV Coco-4, a triple-deck ferry packed with hundreds of travelers heading home for an Islamic festival, capsized on the Tetulia River as passengers disembarked, leaving at least 77 dead and dozens missing.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(AFP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 27, The army in the Central African Republic retook control of the key north central town of Ndele from rebels.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, China and Japan agreed to conduct their first joint military training exercise, in the latest sign of warming ties between the Asian neighbors, long marked by mutual suspicion and spats over a range of issues.
    (Reuters, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In China Justin Franchi Solondz, an American man wanted in the US on terrorism charges, was sentenced in Dali city, Yunnan province, for making illegal drugs. The FBI office in Seattle listed Solondz among its "most wanted." Charges in 2006 related to his alleged role in 2001 with the Earth Liberation Front. Solondz was accused of having a role in the destruction of a horticulture center at the University of Washington, as well as the destruction of several buildings in Oregon.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, In northeastern China flooding trapped 16 coal miners in Jilin province.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Congo DRC four people died when a jail cell wall fell on them during an attempted prison escape in Kinshasa.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Guatemala a mob of some 400 residents in Solola burned to death two men and a woman suspected of killing a local bus driver.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, Haiti's UN peacekeeping mission urged local officials to provide a justification for banning 17 political groups from participating in next year's legislative elections.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, The board of the UN nuclear watchdog censured Iran, with 25 nations backing a resolution that demands Tehran immediately freeze construction of its newly revealed nuclear facility and heed Security Council resolutions calling on it to stop uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27,  In Iraq a US soldier died of noncombat-related injuries.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, The Israel air force attacked a group of Palestinian militants in northern Gaza as they were about to fire rockets at Israel. Palestinian medics said 4 militants were wounded. The Israeli military said one member of the squad was killed.
    (SFC, 11/28/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 27, Bison returned to Mexico for the first time since the 1800s, with Mexican authorities releasing 23 donated US animals in northern Chihuahua state. The donated bison came from the Wind Cave National Park in South Dakota.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, Namibia’s Pres. Hifikepunye Pohamba, who is seeking a 2nd 5-year term, was among the first to vote as polls opened in a 2-day election. The elections expected to return the long-ruling SWAPO to power despite a tough challenge from a new breakaway party. The population of the desert nation, half the size of Alaska, numbered about 2.2 million people. President Hifikepunye Pohamba won re-election, with more than six times as many votes as his nearest rival.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AFP, 11/27/09)(AP, 12/5/09)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.56)
2009        Nov 27, In Pakistan 15 Taliban fighters were killed in operations over the past 24 hours in South Waziristan. Shahfur Khan, a key anti-Taliban tribal leader, was assassinated in a roadside bombing in the northwest. Elsewhere, authorities found the bullet-riddled body of Ameer Saiyed, another tribal elder, who was seized from his home a day earlier in an attack that also left his son dead. A gunman opened fire on the house in Rawalpindi of Kamran Shafi, a newspaper columnist critical of Pakistan's army and spy agencies. Shafi later alleged that the attack was carried out by elements linked to the country's powerful security establishment. Shafi recounted the attack and a death threat he received the following day in his weekly column in the respected Dawn newspaper. He and his family were not injured in the incident.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 27, Poland's Pres. Kaczynski's Web site said he has approved legislation that allows for people to be fined or even imprisoned for possessing or buying communist symbols.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Russia a homemade bomb planted on the tracks of the high-speed Moscow-to-St. Petersburg route, caused a derailment of the 14-car Nevsky Express. 26 people were killed and dozens more injured. Chechen militants later claimed responsibility and vowed further "acts of sabotage" in a letter posted on a rebel website.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Rwanda Janvier Murenzi, a former presidential financial director, was fined 1.8 million dollars and jailed for four years for illegal enrichment as Kigali cracks down on corruption.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Saudi Arabia vast crowds of pilgrims cast stones at walls representing the devil on the third day of the annual hajj as Muslims around the world began celebrating Eid al-Adha, the most important holiday of the Islamic calendar.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, Saudi Arabia said nine of its soldiers fighting Yemeni rebels on the border were missing and Saudi King Abdullah vowed to defend the country.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, The 53 members of the Commonwealth gathered in Trinidad for a summit.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.67)
2009        Nov 27, Venezuela’s President Chavez said he plans to open an embassy in Palestinian territories and upgrade its ties to ambassadorial level, to support Palestinians in their struggle against Israel.
    (Reuters, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, Zimbabwe and South Africa signed a bilateral investment agreement which would protect investments made by nationals of both countries in each other's territory.
    (AFP, 11/27/09)

2009        Nov 28, In Sonoma County, Ca., John Maloney (45), his wife Susan (42), and 2 children Aiden (8) and Gracie (5) were killed when Steven Culbertson (19) of Lakeport broadsided their car on Highway 37. The family was on its way home from a vacation in Hawaii. News of the tragedy prompted Michael Vincent Gutierrez (26) of Redwood City and girlfriend Amber Marie True (29) to break into the Maloney’s empty house. They ransacked the home and drove off in the Maloney’s 2006 Nissan 350Z. Gutierrez and True were arrested Dec 1 just hours after a neighbor noticed the Maloney’s garage door open.
    (SFC, 12/3/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 28, Afghanistan announced a pay rise of nearly 40 percent for police and military recruits, as Western countries aim to increase the size and quality of Afghan security forces so their own troops can go home. Police said a dozen prisoners escaped jail through a tunnel they dug from their cell to the outside in western Farah province. 26 militants were killed in a gun battle with border security guards along the eastern Pakistan frontier.
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)(AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 28, In Canada locomotive engineers of the country’s largest railroad walked off the job after talks broke down. Canadian National Railway said it was using management and non-union staff to provide "the best possible service under the circumstances."
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, In China Wu Xiaoqing (57) hanged himself in his cell using the drawstring from his underwear five months following his arrest for corruption. The ex-judge was charged with taking bribes from gangsters.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 28, In China a Zimbabwe-registered cargo plane crashed in flames during takeoff from Shanghai's main airport, killing 3 American crew members and injuring 4 others on board.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, French Transport Minister Dominique Bussereau said Russia has given the green light for Air France's A380 superjumbo to overfly Siberia, opening the way for a projected Paris-Tokyo service. The accord was approved by PM Vladimir Putin at the end of a two-day visit to France which saw a number of business deals concluded. Putin's trip also secured a deal for French investment in a key pipeline project and the struggling Avtovaz car maker, as well as a promise that France will consider selling Moscow a huge amphibious assault ship.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, Japan launched its fifth spy satellite into orbit in a bid to boost its ability to independently gather intelligence.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari gave up control of the country's nuclear arsenal in a bid to fend off mounting pressures threatening to weaken his rule further and complicate the war on the Taliban. Zardari announced that control of the National Command Authority, which analysts and lawyers confirmed was responsible for nuclear weapons, had shifted to PM Yousuf Raza Gilani.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, The government of Peru apologized to its Afro-Peruvian population for the first time for centuries of abuse, exclusion and discrimination. Peru was the first country in Latin America to make such an apology.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(SSFC, 7/21/13, p.A5)
2009        Nov 28, A South Korean fishing vessel burned and sank in the port of Uruguay's capital. Navy officials said  all 38 crew members are safe.
    (AP, 11/28/09)

2009        Nov 29, San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom led a 50-person Bay Area delegation to Bangalore, India, on a 3-day trip to sign business deals as part of the San Francisco-Bangalore Sister City Initiative.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.D1)
2009        Nov 29, Andrew Conley (17) of Rising Sun, Indiana, strangled his 10-year-old brother as the two wrestled. The teen told investigators he had had fantasies about killing someone since he was in eighth grade, including cutting somebody's throat, and felt "just like" the serial killer Dexter on the Showtime television series of the same name.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Nov 29, In Washington state Maurice Clemmons (37) shot and killed four police officers from the Tacoma suburb of Lakewood as they worked on their laptop computers in a coffee house at the beginning of their shifts in Parkland. On Dec 1 Clemmons was shot and killed by a lone patrolman investigating a stolen car. Four people were arrested for allegedly helping the suspect elude authorities during a massive two-day manhunt. Clemmons had been paroled in 2000 by Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee. 7 people were soon arrested for helping Clemmons elude capture.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AP, 12/1/09)(SFC, 12/1/09, p.A10)(SFC, 12/5/09, p.A6)
2009        Nov 29, In southwest Afghanistan a rogue police officer opened fire at a checkpoint in Nimroz province, killing six police officers and injuring two before being killed. In northern Jowzjan province two gunmen on a motorbike shot and killed the head of logistics for the provincial intelligence service. In southern Helmand province, Afghan and international forces killed two militants responsible for planting roadside bombs.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 29, An Algiers court sentenced Ahmed Belbacha, an Algerian Guantanamo inmate who refuses to be sent home, to 20 years in prison for belonging to an "overseas terrorist group." Belbacha, who has been held at the US prison camp since February 2002 following his arrest in Pakistan, has been deemed by US authorities as no longer an "enemy combatant" and cleared for release to Algeria. Belbacha said that he fears torture at home and refuses to be repatriated. Instead, he has requested political asylum in the United States.
    (AFP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, In Argentina Solange Magnano (38), a mother of twins who won the Miss Argentina crown in 1994, died of a pulmonary embolism after three days in critical condition following a gluteoplasty in Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 29, Equatorial Guinea held elections. It was expected that results would extend the 30-year rule of Teodoro Obiang Nguema (67), a man accused of draining his nation's oil wealth to fabulously enrich family and cronies while his people suffered in slums. Obiang gave only six weeks' notice for the election and coverage in the state-controlled media was skewed. Nguema won power for another term with 95.37% of votes cast. Opponents and international human rights groups denounced the electoral process in Africa's No. 3 oil producer as fraudulent.
    (AP, 11/29/09)(AP, 11/30/09)(AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Nov 29, France and Rwanda agreed to restore diplomatic ties three years after they were cut off amid tensions over a French judicial investigation.
    (AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, Honduras held elections. Porfirio Lobo and Elvin Santos, two prosperous businessmen from the political old guard, were the front-runners. Conservative rancher Porfirio Lobo conservative rancher gathered a strong lead and his Santos conceded defeat.
    (AP, 11/29/09)(AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 29, In India senior government officials said workers at the Kaiga nuclear power plant in southern Karnataka state were treated for poisoning after drinking water was deliberately spiked with radiation.
    (AFP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, Iran's parliament passed a law earmarking $20 million to support militant groups opposing the West and to investigate alleged US and British plots against the Islamic Republic. Iran’s Cabinet ordered an expansion of the country’s nuclear program that included an additional 10 nuclear plants.
    (AP, 11/29/09)(SFC, 11/30/09, p.A4)
2009        Nov 29, In Iraq an American soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, In Mauritania 3 Spanish volunteers were kidnapped by gunmen. Spain's interior minister said the next day that he suspected al-Qaida-linked Islamists were behind the attack. On Dec 2 a Mauritanian official said the 3 aid workers were being taken by their captors to neighboring Mali. Aid worker Alicia Gamez (35) was released on March 10, 2010. Businessmen Roque Pascual and Albert Vilalta remained captive. Al-Qaida's offshoot in North Africa said on March 12 that it had released Gamez because she voluntarily converted to Islam. Pascual and Vilalta were released in August 2010.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AP, 12/2/09)(AP, 3/10/10)(AP, 3/12/10)(Reuters, 8/23/10)
2009        Nov 29, In Mexico weekend violence left 17 people dead. 7 women were murdered, including one (19) who was beheaded in the southern beach resort of Cancun. 4 of the women were killed in Ciudad Juarez, where two were shot to death, another beaten with a baseball bat and a fourth, a school teacher, also was beaten to death. 2 women were found shot to death in Mexicali. Jesus Alfredo Portillo (27), a university student and rights activist, was killed in Ciudad Juarez. Her mother-in-law and women's group founder Marisela Ortiz had recently complained of death threats against her. Elsewhere, 8 men were found murdered in northern Chihuahua state, 5 of them in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 11/29/09)(AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 29, Rwanda was admitted to the Commonwealth as its 54th member during a summit in Trinidad.
2009        Nov 29, Saudi officials said 5 people died from swine flu during the hajj, a relatively small number considering the event is the largest annual gathering in the world and was seen as an ideal incubator for the virus.
    (AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, Somali pirates seized the Greece-flagged Maran Centaurus, a tanker carrying more about $150 million of crude oil from Saudi Arabia to the US, in the waters off East Africa. The tanker was released on Jan 18 following a $5.5 million ransom. A shootout between rival Somali pirate gangs over their biggest ransom ever threatened to turn the supertanker and the 28 hostages aboard into a massive fireball until bandits begged the anti-piracy force for help. Ransom after 50 days was said to be between $5.5 and $7 million.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 1/18/10)(Econ, 2/5/11, p.70)
2009        Nov 29, Pirates attacked a Spanish fishing vessel in the Indian Ocean, firing small arms and a rocket-propelled grenade, but private security guards aboard the ship shot back and repelled them.
    (AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, Switzerland held a nationwide referendum on a proposal by the right-wing Swiss People’s Party to ban Muslim minarets. Over 57% of Swiss voters approved the ban. The four minarets already attached to mosques in the country are not affected by the initiative.
    (SFC, 11/28/09, p.A4)(AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 29, The United Arab Emirates' central bank said it would offer additional liquidity to banks, signaling a push by the federal government to reassure investors worried about the country's banking sector and its exposure to Dubai's crushing debt.
    (AP, 11/29/09)   
2009        Nov 29, Uruguay held elections. Jose Mujica (74), a plain-talking socialist, won the presidential run-off keeping the center-left coalition in power for another 5 years. He once led an armed revolutionary movement but now rejected the ideologies of the 1970s. Mujica won 53% of the vote, to 43% for Luis A. Lacalle, with 97% of the vote counted.
    (AP, 11/29/09)(AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Nov 30, The US Dept. of Agriculture designated the Big Island of Hawaii a primary natural disaster area because of losses farmers suffered from volcanic emissions this year.
    (SFC, 12/1/09, p.A10)
2009        Nov 30, The United States recognized the results of a controversial election in Honduras but said the vote was only a partial step toward restoring democracy after a June coup that ousted the elected president.
    (Reuters, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 30, An Algerian health organization (AnisS) warned that thousands of its people are unknowingly infected with the AIDS virus and called for more testing and prevention efforts.
    (AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 30, An Argentine judge issued an order blocking the continent's first gay marriage scheduled for Dec 1. National Judge Marta Gomez Alsina ordered the wedding blocked until the issue can be considered by the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 30, The EU Council of Ministers for Interior and Justice abolished visa requirements for citizens of the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.
2009        Nov 30, Interpol and the Kenya Wildlife Service said African authorities over the last 3 months had raided shops, intercepted vehicles at checkpoints and used sniffer dogs to detect and seize over 3,800 pounds (1,768kg) of illegal elephant ivory in a six-nation operation. This involved the wildlife authorities, police and customs departments of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Iran's nuclear chief said UN criticism pushed his country to retaliate by announcing ambitious plans for more uranium enrichment. With tensions rising over deadlocked negotiations, France said diplomacy was not working and sanctions against Iran were needed.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Guantanamo detainees Adel Ben Mabrouk (39) and Mohamed Ben Riadh Nasri (43) arrived in Italy for trial on int’l. terrorism charges. The 2 Tunisian men were charged for allegedly recruiting fighters for Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/1/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 30, North Korea began exchanging old notes following a 100 to 1 revaluation of its currency. Many shops were reported closed with citizens angry and panicked. The redenomination of the won led to a collapse of the currency, a surge in the price of rice and wiped out much traders’ working capital.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A6)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.43)
2009        Nov 30, Pakistani security forces targeted militants fleeing a major army offensive close to the Afghan border, killing 10 of them.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Scotland First Minister Alex Salmond set out plans which could pave the way for a referendum on independence.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2009        Nov 30, In Switzerland the world's largest atom smasher broke the world record for proton acceleration Monday, firing particle beams with 20 percent more power than the American lab that previously held the record.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Tajikistan unveiled a Chinese-built 500-kilowatt transmission line that will link the northern and central parts of the country. This would add to the poor nation's debt to China but reduce reliance on Uzbekistan, which planned to withdraw on Dec 1 from the Soviet-era power grid that unites four Central Asian countries. This prompted fears of electricity shortages that could make for a winter of hardship in impoverished Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan, said the move will cut it off from gas-rich Turkmenistan.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, The United Nations asked for $7.1 billion to pay for its humanitarian work around the world next year, with Sudan and its troubled Darfur region most in need and Afghanistan rising to second.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Nov, The Planetary Skin Institute (PSI), set up by Cisco Systems and NASA to study the extent and health of forests and other ecosystems, was registered as an independent non-profit organization.
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.153)(www.planetaryskin.org/institute/background)
2009        Nov, Irek Hamidullin (b.1959), a Russian veteran of the Soviet war in Afghanistan who stayed in the country and joined the Taliban, was captured after an attack on Afghan border police and US soldiers in Khost province. In 2014 he appeared in a federal court in Virginia.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A6)(Reuters, 8/5/15)
2009        Nov, In Brazil the secretary of Jose Robert Arruda, governor of the Federal District, was filmed handing over bundles of cash to his boss’s various allies.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.43)
2009        Nov, India launched a counter-insurgency drive name named by the Indian media as "Operation Greenhunt" along five states in the "Red Corridor."
    (AFP, 6/29/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Green_Hunt)
2009        Nov, In Russia police officer Maj. Alexey Dymovsky posted three videos on YouTube in which he said he was promised a promotion in return for jailing an innocent person. He also accused his superiors of forcing officers to fake reports on unsolved crimes. In December prosecutors in the southern Krasnodar region filed fraud charges against Dymovsky, saying that Dymovsky had embezzled about $800 while working as a narcotics investigator.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Nov, In Tonga Supreme Court judge Robert Shuster sentenced 2 boys, who had escaped from prison and stolen food, to 13 years in prison and six lashes from a "cat-o-nine-tails" whip at a hearing that only just come to light in February 2010. The 2 teenagers appealed the court ruling ordering them to be whipped, with supporters calling the punishment inhumane and a form of torture.
    (AP, 2/18/10)

2009        Dec 1, President Barack Obama shared his new US strategy for Afghanistan with President Hamid Karzai, spending an hour discussing troops levels, security, political and economic elements of his revised war plan. Obama planned to send 30,000 more troops to be deployed over the next six months, escalating the 8-year-old war. In his prime-time speech to the nation, Obama laid out a rough timeframe, for when the main US military mission will end. Obama proposed an 18-month timeline for starting to bring troops home.
    (AP, 12/1/09)(Reuters, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 1, California Governor Schwarzenegger and Maria Shriver inducted the latest nominees to the California Hall of Fame. They included: Carol Burnett, Andy Grove, Hiram Johnson, Rafer Johnson, Henry J. Kaiser, Joan Kroc, George Lucas, John Madden, Harvey Milk, Fritz Scholder, Danielle Steel, Joe Weider and General Chuck Yeager.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.C6)
2009        Dec 1, In Miami, Florida, lawyer Scott Rothstein was arrested on federal racketeering and fraud charges alleging he operated a $1 billion scheme involving phony legal settlements. On Jan 27, 2010 Rothstein (47) pleaded guilty to federal charges that he ran a $1.2 billion Ponzi scheme.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A9)(SFC, 1/28/10, p.A6)
2009        Dec 1, Voters in Atlanta, Georgia, selected former state Sen. Kasim Reed as mayor by a margin of 715 votes over City Councilwoman Mary Norwood. With 84,383 votes cast, the margin was less than 1% and a recount was expected. A Dec 9 recount confirmed Reed as the winner by a margin of 714 votes.
    (SSFC, 12/6/09, p.A14)(SFC, 12/10/09, p.A13)
2009        Dec 1, A Baltimore jury convicted Mayor Sheila Dixon of one count of embezzlement for stealing gift cards meant for poor residents. She was acquitted of other charges.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 1, In NYC John “Junior" Gotti was freed on $2 million bond after a jury failed to reach a verdict over racketeering charges. This was the 4th hung jury for Gotti in 5 years.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A9)
2009        Dec 1, In Vienna Japanese diplomat Yukiya Amano took the helm of the UN atomic watchdog (IAEA), pledging a steady hand to steer the agency through the storm surrounding Iran's nuclear drive. Mohamed ElBaradei (67), the outgoing Egyptian chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), handed over his leadership to Yukiya Amano.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Ephraim Nkezabera (57), a former Rwandan bank director, was sentenced to 30 years in prison by a Belgian court which found him guilty of war crimes including murder, attempted murder and rape during the 1994 genocide. Nkezabera was not present in court and did not attend the trial, which started just over three weeks ago, because of ill health. He was arrested in June 2004 by the Belgian authorities while visiting a family member in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, China’s quarantine bureau said it has lifted bans on imports of pork products from the United States, Canada and Mexico, but analysts said the move would not likely lead to a surge of new imports.
    (Reuters, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, The new EU Treaty of Lisbon went into effect. It provided the EU with modern institutions and optimized working methods to tackle both efficiently and effectively today's challenges in today's world.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm)
2009        Dec 1, In Hong Kong a rare, 5-carat pink diamond was auctioned off for a record $10.8 million in Hong Kong.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In India newspaper executives and editors gathered from around the world heard calls to seek more payment for their content on the Internet as they decried their industry's sharply falling advertising revenues.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Indonesia banned the film “Balibo," an Australian-made film on the alleged murder of six Australian-based journalists by Indonesian troops during the 1975 invasion of East Timor.
    (AFP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 1, Israel sternly warned the EU against recognizing east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital, saying such a move would damage Europe's credibility as a Mideast mediator. Sweden, the current EU president, was floating an initiative to recognize east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Italian officials said police have broken up a major mafia clan, issuing 83 arrest warrants and seizing businesses, land, race horses and a London-based online betting company. Local politicians and businessmen in the southern city of Bari were among those implicated as part of a 3-year operation, called "Domino," for collaborating with the Parisi clan.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In Kazakhstan astronauts from Canada and Belgium and a Russian cosmonaut landed safely, wrapping up a six-month stint on the International Space Station.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Kosovo told the UN's highest court that its independence is irreversible and warned that any attempt to cancel it could set off a renewed conflict.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Libya sentenced two Swiss businessmen to 16 months in prison and a fine, in a row stemming from the arrest in Geneva last year of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi's son.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 1, In Mexico City gunmen burst in to a Starbucks coffee shop and killed a former policeman who was a protected witness in a drug corruption case, the second death of a high-profile witness in Mexico in less than two weeks. Edgar Bayardo was gunned down in the upper middle-class Del Valle neighborhood, and a man with him was severely wounded.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed Shamsher Ali Khan, a provincial lawmaker, as he received guests at his home in the northwest Swat valley. The army said 10 suspected militants were arrested in two search operations in the region in the past 24 hours.
    (AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Peru's police chief dismissed the head of his criminal investigations unit amid suggestions that officers may have invented a story about a murderous gang of human fat thieves, perhaps to distract from allegations of police killings.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In the Philippines Andal Ampatuan Jr., the heir of a powerful clan, was charged in connection with the Nov 23 ambush in which 57 people, more than half journalists, were slaughtered. Three witnesses, who escaped, reported seeing him and some 100 gunmen stopping cars at the scene of the massacre.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Pirates off Oman attacked the oil tanker, Sikinos. Using flares and hoses, the crew of the Greek oil tanker fought off the pirate attack in the Arabian Sea.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In South Africa Pres. Zuma said on World AIDS Day that all HIV-positive babies will be treated and testing expanded, a dramatic and eagerly awaited shift in a country that has more people living with HIV than any other.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Sri Lanka gave permission to nearly 127,000 Tamil refugees to leave squalid and overrun government camps where they have been detained since the country's civil war ended six months ago.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Turkey's government approved a plan to open the country's first Kurdish-language department at a university as part of its efforts to reconcile with the Kurdish minority. Small scale violence continued for the third day in a row as stone-throwing Kurdish militants clashed with police across the nation in the wake of last week's anniversary of the 1978 founding of the PKK rebel group.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, UAR stock markets plunged for a second day after the Dubai government said it is not guaranteeing debt-ridden Dubai World, which unveiled a major restructuring plan.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 2, Court documents filed in Boston said Wal-Mart Stores Inc. has agreed to pay $40 million to 87,500 Massachusetts employees who claimed the retailer denied them rest and meals breaks, manipulated time cards and refused to pay overtime.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Albania’s PM Sali Berisha announced an agreement to accept former Guantanamo detainees following talks with special envoy Daniel Fried.
    (SFC, 12/3/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 2, Australia's plans for an emissions trading system to combat global warming were scuttled in Parliament, handing a defeat to a government that had hoped to set an example at international climate change talks next week.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Cambodian police confiscated two tons of live snakes and tortoises and arrested two men trying to smuggle the slithering cargo up a river from Cambodia to Vietnam. Police arrested two Cambodians, aged 17 and 20, who said they were hired to transport the cargo but did not know the identities of their employers.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 2, Canadian PM Stephen Harper arrived in Beijing for what Chinese experts are touting as a fence-mending trip to repair ties damaged by Ottawa.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Canadian National Railway said it had reached an agreement with striking locomotive engineers to end their walkout, as the government prepared to step in with back-to-work legislation.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 2, An Italian-led team of scientists said a robotic hand has been successfully connected to an amputee, allowing him to feel sensations in the artificial limb and control it with his thoughts. A video was shown of Pierpaolo Petruzziello (26) as he concentrated to give orders to the hand placed next to him.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, In France the Pompidou Center modern art museum and the Musee d'Orsay, with its famed paintings by the Impressionists, closed after workers angry about a government cost-cutting measure voted to strike. Workers at the Louvre also voted to strike, but by mid-morning parts of the sprawling complex had been opened to visitors. The Rodin Museum, the Arc de Triomphe and the Palais de Versailles were also affected.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Honduras' Congress ended hopes of reversing a coup that has isolated one of the poorest countries in the Americas, voting 111-14 against reinstating ousted President Manuel Zelaya despite intense international pressure to do so.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 2, The World Bank said it will give India at least one billion dollars to help clean up the heavily polluted holy river Ganges as part of moves to sharply hike lending to the country.
    (AFP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said Iran would enrich uranium to a higher level itself, apparently ruling out a UN-brokered deal meant to dispel fears Tehran is pursuing nuclear weapons capability.
    (Reuters, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Iran freed five British sailors detained last week when their racing yacht drifted accidentally into Iranian waters in the Persian Gulf. Britain said it was delighted with the release and praised Tehran's handling of the incident. The Fars agency reported that analyst Saeed Leilaz, known for his criticism of the government, was sentenced to nine years in prison for possession of classified documents. The Revolutionary Court also slapped the brother-in-law of opposition leader Mir Houssein Mousavi with a one-year sentence.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, In northeast Iraq an American airstrike killed one gunman after a joint US-Iraqi foot patrol was attacked in what a police official described as a case of mistaken identity. A police official said the gunmen opened fire on the soldiers in Sadiyah, believing they were insurgents.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Israeli police arrested the mayor of a West Bank Jewish settlement after protesters blocked security forces from entering the community to enforce a construction freeze. The Haaretz daily reported that Israel's Interior Ministry revoked the residency of 4,577 east Jerusalemites in 2008, more than 20 times the annual average of the previous 40 years.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Researchers from the International People's Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice, an Indian Kashmir-based rights group, issue a report titled “buried Evidence." It said nearly 2,600 bodies have been discovered in single unmarked and mass graves throughout mountainous Indian Kashmir. They found the graves in 55 villages during a three-year survey that concluded last month.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Lebanon's new government endorsed Hezbollah's right to keep its weapons.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Mexican President Felipe Calderon said that cartels are seeking to control territory by sinking drug money into political campaigns and buying off officials before they are even elected. Gunmen shot and killed Lawyer Eleuterio Cachu Ortiz, a former police commander and opposition politician, in his office in the Mexican border town of Tijuana.
    (AP, 12/2/09)(AFP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 2, NATO's chief Fogh Rasmussen said European and other US allies will contribute more than 5,000 more troops to the international force in Afghanistan, declaring that "this is not just America's war."
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked the navy headquarters in Islamabad, killing a naval policeman and injuring 11 others, one of whom died the next day.
    (AFP, 12/2/09)(AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 2, Poland said it plans to send 600 more troops to Afghanistan next year.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 2, Somali pirates on speedboats tried to board the Antigua and Barbuda-flagged BBC Togo, but were repelled after firing on the vessel. 13 pirates then fled to a larger fishing boat 150 nautical miles (280km) south of Salalah where a Dutch frigate captured them.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 2, Turkish diplomat Ahmet Uzumcu was elected to be director of the 188-nation Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, based in The Hague. He takes over next July. He said that he will pursue the last seven holdouts (Angola, Egypt, Israel, North Korean, Myanmar, Somalia and Syria) to get them to sign a disarmament treaty and submit weapons stockpiles for inspection.
    (AP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 3, The IRS auctioned 7,100 acres of Crow creek Sioux tribal land near Pierre, South Dakota to help pay off over $3 million in back taxes. The land sold for $2.6 million.
    (SFC, 12/4/09, p.A15)
2009        Dec 3, Comcast Corp. announced it plans to buy a majority stake in NBC Universal for $13.75 billion, giving the nation's largest cable TV operator control of the Peacock network, an array of cable channels and a major movie studio.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 3, Wisconsin police found the bodies of 2 women and their 2 young daughters shot to death in Madison. Police searched for Tyrone Adair (38), the father linked to the deaths of his two young daughters and their mothers. Adair was found dead of suspected suicide in his SUV on Dec 7.
    (AP, 12/5/09)(SFC, 12/8/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 3, A Chinese court handed down a further five death sentences to people convicted of murder and other crimes during ethnic rioting in the far western Xinjiang region in July in which almost 200 people died.
    (Reuters, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 3, A Congolese court upheld death sentences for two Norwegians convicted of espionage and murder, prompting condemnation from Norwegian officials. They had been convicted in Sep of murdering their driver and attempting to murder a witness in May 2009.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 3, In Cuba activists from 32 little-known organizations opposed to the communist government issued a call for an end to social repression on the island at a gathering in the home of a prominent human rights activist.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 3, Guinea’s President Moussa "Dadis" Camara (45) was shot by Abubakar "Toumba" Diakite, who commands the presidential guard. He was flown to Morocco for medical treatment following the assassination attempt nearly a year after he seized power in a coup. Toumba is accused of having led the presidential guard that opened fire Sep 28 on the peaceful demonstrators, who had gathered inside the capital's national stadium.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 3, In Iraq Ahmed Subhi al-Fahal, a top counterterrorism officer, was killed in a suicide bombing in Tikrit. The bombing also killed two of his bodyguards and two bystanders. Within hours dozens of Web sites affiliated with al-Qaida in Iraq celebrated the death of their longtime nemesis.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 3, Mexico City police freed 107 people who were forced to work under slave-like conditions in a clandestine factory making shopping bags and clothing clasps.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 3, Nigerian AIDS and malaria activists said at least 144 women die each day in Nigeria during pregnancy or childbirth, according to the UN and World Bank statistics. Activists premiered three short but hard-hitting Nollywood films to push for an urgent change in attitude and provision of adequate healthcare services to avoid pregnancy-related problems.
    (AFP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 3, In Pakistan 10 suspects were killed in overnight fighting following a raid on a militant hide-out near the Swat Valley area of Kabal. Abu Faraj, a militant leader who was captured in September and accused of plotting suicide bombings in the area, led troops to a militant hide-out and was killed in the fighting. Five other militants were killed when security forces repelled attacks on three checkpoints in the Bajur area.
    (AP, 12/3/09)
2009        Dec 3, Rusal, the world’s largest aluminium company, said it had reached a deal to restructure debts of $17 billion, including $7 billion held by foreigners, clearing the way for an IPO. Russia’s state-owned Vnesheconobank (VEB) had recently agreed to extend a $4.5 billion loan to Rusal, lead by Oleg Deripaska, one of the country’s richest tycoons.
    (Econ, 12/5/09, p.73)
2009        Dec 3, In Somalia a male suicide bomber dressed as a woman attacked a university graduation ceremony in a small part of Mogadishu still under government control, killing 24 people, including 3 Cabinet ministers, 3 journalists and a number of graduating doctors. The president of Benadir University said 43 students were taking part in the graduation ceremony at the Shamo Hotel. The bomber was later reported to be a Danish citizen of Somali descent.
    (AP, 12/3/09)(AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/10/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.54)
2009        Dec 3, Pope Benedict XVI and visiting Russian Pres. Dmitry Medvedev agreed to upgrade Vatican-Kremlin relations to full diplomatic ties.
    (SFC, 12/4/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 4, The New York Times reported that the White House has authorized the CIA to expand the use of unmanned aerial drones in Pakistan to track down and strike suspected Taliban and Al-Qaeda members.
    (AFP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, GM and its Chinese partner SAIC announced a joint venture to produce small cars in India.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.72)
2009        Dec 4, Afghan troops and US Marines launched the first offensive since President Barack Obama announced an American troop surge, striking against Taliban communications and supply lines in Helmand province. About 1,000 Marines as well as Afghan troops were taking part in the operation, known as "Cobra's Anger."
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, NATO said 25 countries had pledged a total of around 7,000 more troops to support the US-led war in Afghanistan, following President Barack Obama's commitment of 30,000 extra US troops.
    (Reuters, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, In northern Bangladesh an overcrowded passenger boat capsized after being hit by a small ferry, leaving at least 46 people dead. 18 Bangladesh fishermen were assaulted in the Bay of Bengal off the southern coast of Bangladesh after pirates attacked by a band of 25-30 pirates. The survivors said the pirates severely beat them and slashed some of the fishermen with knives before throwing them all overboard. 16 fishermen remained missing.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 4, In southern Brazil at least 20 people were reported dead in mudslides triggered by heavy rains as rivers rose to rooftops and thousands were left homeless.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, China sentenced three more people to death for murder and other crimes committed in riots in the western region of Xinjiang in July.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, In China the file-sharing site BTCHINA, a major source of overseas movies, television shows and games in the country, was closed. Another site, VeryCD.com, was down on Dec 9 and a report in the Southern Metropolis Daily said other file sharing sites would be closed in the coming days. The closures were said to be a fight against copyright infringement, but could be seen as another measure aimed at controlling what content the country's Web users can find online.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 4, A leading Ethiopian newspaper said it had closed down as a result of months of government "persecution and harassment" against its staff. The weekly Addis Neger newspaper, often critical of government policies, published its last edition on Dec 5 before some of its staff fled the country for fear of arrest.
    (AFP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, Major European public financial institutions launched a pan-European equity fund to boost key EU policies in areas such as climate change, energy security and transport networks.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, In Guatemala retired Col. Marco Antonio Sanchez was convicted and sentenced to 53 years in prison in the forced disappearance of civilians during Guatemala's civil war. The convictions for the 1981 abductions at the village of El Jute were the first ever under charges of failing to respect the rights of civilians.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, Indian officials said Arabinda Rajkhowa, the commander of a powerful rebel movement in the remote northeast, was arrested along with a top deputy. Security officials said the chairman of the United Liberation Front of Asom, or ULFA, was actually arrested days earlier in Bangladesh, where he had long been thought to be hiding.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.47)
2009        Dec 4, A jailed Mafia hitman linked Italian PM Silvio Berlusconi to the Cosa Nostra, telling a court that a godfather convicted for a 1993 bombing campaign had boasted of his links to the media mogul.
    (Reuters, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, In Italy Amanda Knox of Seattle, Wa., was convicted of murdering Meredith Kercher (21), her British roommate on Nov 1, 2007. The conviction was announced at around midnight after 13 hours of deliberations. Knox was sentenced to 26 years in prison. The court also convicted Knox's co-defendant and former boyfriend, Italian Raffaele Sollecito, and gave him a 25-year jail term for the murder. Rudy Hermann Guede, an Ivory Coast citizen, had already been convicted in the murder and sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, Fazal Haque Qureshi (64), an Indian Kashmiri separatist leader who supports talks with New Delhi over the restive region's future, was critically wounded by unknown attackers.
    (AFP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, Kenyan health officials said a cholera epidemic was sweeping across the country with 4,700 cases reported in the past month along with 119 deaths.
    (SFC, 12/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 4, In northern Mexico a pair of shootouts between troops and gunmen killed 13 people in a suburb of Monterrey, including a bystander and a drug trafficker linked to the killing of a retired army officer. Almanza Morales, killed in the attack, was accused of working for the Zetas, drug traffickers who also serve as enforcers for the Mexican Gulf cartel, and of killing army Brig. Gen. Juan Arturo Esparza and his four bodyguards in a November attack.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, Nepal's top politicians strapped on oxygen tanks and held a Cabinet meeting amid Mount Everest's frigid, thin air to highlight the danger global warming poses to glaciers. Landless laborers in the far west, backed by Maoists, claimed tracts of government owned forest for themselves. National security forces opened fire and burned squatter’s huts. 3 people died in the clashes. 
    (AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/5/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.46)
2009        Dec 4, Amsterdam City councilwoman Marijke Vos planted a sapling, in the Amsterdamse Bos park. It was derived from a 150-year-old chestnut tree that once cheered Anne Frank as her family hid from the Nazis. 149 Others will be planted around the world.
    (AP, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, North Korea made an unlikely foray into designer denim as the "Noko Jeans" label was launched in Sweden. The brand is Swedish but the black jeans are manufactured in North Korea, an experiment its creators described as a way to open doors to the reclusive communist country. The next day Stockholm’s PUB department store removed the new line of designer jeans from its shelves, saying it wants to avoid courting controversy through ties with the isolated communist nation. Noko Jeans founders said they will continue to sell the jeans on their Web site and that retailer Aplace will continue to sell them on their Web site.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, In Pakistan militants stormed a mosque in Rawalpindi near Pakistan's army headquarters, killing at least 37 people, including 6 army officers and 3 soldiers. They attacked during prayers spraying gunfire and throwing grenades before blowing themselves up.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(SFC, 12/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 4, Philippine security forces raided four compounds belonging to a powerful clan suspected in the massacre of 57 people in the Philippines' worst political violence. Soldiers using metal detectors, sniffer dogs and an excavator dug up more than a dozen crates of bullets in the mansion of a local mayor linked to last week's massacre.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(Reuters, 12/4/09)
2009        Dec 4, In Sudan gunmen killed three Rwandan soldiers in an ambush in the northern town of Saraf Umra in the western Darfur region.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 4, In Switzerland Roman Polanski took refuge at his snowbound chalet after being granted bail under house arrest, while he fights extradition to the US on a child sex case.
    (AP, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 5, The Defense Advance Research projects Agency (DARPA) conducted an experiment challenging teams around the country to locate the submit the correct geographic coordinates of 10 weather balloons in return for a $40,000 cash prize. Over 4,000 teams participated and the winning answer came after 8 hours and 56 minutes. Social networking sites played a major role in the game theory simulation. Riley Crane, a post doc research fellow at MIT’s media lab, led the winning team using an elaborate information gathering pyramid.
    (SFC, 12/7/09, p.A9)
2009        Dec 5, It was reported that US federal regulators have approved the use of the name Calistoga as an appellation for vintners in Calistoga, Ca. James Barrett, proprietor of the Chateau Montelena winery, had begun petitioning the Treasury Dept. for the name in 2003.
    (SFC, 12/5/09, p.D1)
2009        Dec 5, In Ohio a barn fire killed two workers and 43 horses at a harness racing track in Lebanon.
    (AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 5, Afghan officials said US Marines and Afghan troops have killed at least seven Taliban fighters in Operation Cobra’s Anger in Helmand province. In eastern Afghanistan a US service member was killed by a planted bomb.
    (AP, 12/5/09)(AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 5, Australia welcomed a 90 billion dollar (82 billion US) deal to supply liquefied natural gas (LNG) to a Japanese power company in what is believed to be the country's biggest export sales contract.
    (AFP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 5, Austrian artist Alfred Hrdlicka (81) died. His controversial works in metal, paint and pencil alienated as much as attracted the public.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 5, In Equatorial Guinea Gen. Sekouba Konate, the No. 2 of the military junta, returned to the country overnight, helping fill a dangerous power vacuum after the president was shot by his top aide and evacuated for emergency treatment.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 5, In Haiti Francesco Fantoli (54), an Italian journalist, was mortally wounded by gunmen who may have tried to rob him outside a bank in Port-au-Prince. He recently founded a soccer school in the southern city of Jacmel, where he often lived.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 5, In Indonesia an ecumenical group launched more than 10,000 twinkling paper lanterns into the night sky above Carnaval Beach in Jakarta, setting a world record. Freedom Faithnet Global said it organized the lantern release as a symbol of hope and prayer as part of annual celebrations. This year's celebrations have an environmental focus.
    (AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 5, In Italy thousands of people gathered in Rome for “No Berlusconi Day," a gathering born on the Internet to protest against Premier Silvio Berlusconi.
    (Econ, 12/5/09, p.61)(http://tinyurl.com/yhy5mnt)
2009        Dec 5, Italian police found convicted Mafioso Gianni Nicchi (28), alleged to be Cosa Nostra's No. 2 leader, hiding in an apartment in Palermo. Nicchi, a fugitive since 2006, was convicted last year of extortion and sentenced to 18 years in prison. Authorities in Milan arrested Gaetano Fidanzati (74) as he strolled down a street. Fidanzati is a reputed longtime Cosa Nostra boss of a Palermo crime clan and has been a fugitive for two years.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 5, Italian tax police said that they had seized works by Van Gogh, Picasso, Cezanne and other giants of art in a crackdown on assets hidden by Calisto Tanzi, the disgraced founder of the collapsed dairy company Parmalat.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 5, Morocco expelled five foreign Christian missionaries for holding "undeclared meetings" in the mainly Muslim north African kingdom. Two of the foreigners came from South Africa, two from Switzerland and one from Guatemala. They were part of a group that also included 12 Moroccans, who were freed the same day.
    (AFP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 5, In western Nepal hundreds of protesters torched vehicles and vandalized shops after three people died in clashes between police and illegal forest settlers.
    (AP, 12/5/09)
2009        Dec 5, Philippine Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo placed Maguindanao province under martial law. Government troops were reported to have taken Andal Ampatuan Sr., the former provincial governor, into custody for his clan’s role in the Nov 23 massacre that left 57 dead.
    (SFC, 12/5/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 5, In Russia a blaze sparked by onstage fireworks tore through the Lame Horse nightclub ceiling covered in decorative twigs and plastic sheeting, killing at least 136 people and critically injuring about 90 in the industrial city of Perm in the Ural Mountains. It was the country’s deadliest fire since the fall of the Soviet Union. By late December the death toll reached 152 with 74 people still hospitalized. In 2013 club owner Anatoly Zak was convicted of creating conditions that violate safety regulations. He was  sentenced to nine years and 10 months in prison.
    (AP, 12/5/09)(AP, 12/10/09)(AP, 12/25/09)(AP, 4/30/13)
2009        Dec 5, In Sudan's Darfur region 2 Rwandan peacekeepers were shot dead and one wounded, in the second deadly attack on their contingent in 24 hours. The next day a former Darfur rebel group captured 3 gunmen who allegedly killed the 5 Rwandan peacekeepers.
    (Reuters, 12/5/09)(AFP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 5, Taiwan's ruling party lost ground in closely watched local elections described by analysts as a test of China-friendly President Ma Ying-jeou's performance during 19 months in office.
    (AFP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 6, The Kennedy Center Honors, the top US arts awards, were presented by Pres. Obama to rock star Bruce Springsteen (60), actor Robert De Niro (66), comedian Mel Brooks (83), jazz composer and pianist Dave Brubeck (89) and opera singer Grace Bumbry (72).
    (SFC, 12/7/09, p.A11)
2009        Dec 6, The play “Race," by David Mamet, opened on Broadway.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.95)
2009        Dec 6, In Pennsylvania parolee Ronald Robinson (32) fatally shot a man in Penn Hills over a $500 drug debt and then shot and killed police officer Michael Crawshaw (32).
    (SFC, 12/8/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 6, In eastern Afghanistan a NATO airstrike killed six militants who were planting bombs along a road in Laghman province. A group of militants attacked a police convoy on a main road. Mullah Amiruddin, a key Taliban leader in northern Faryab province's Ghormach district. 4 police officers were killed in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 12/6/09)(AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 6, In southwestern Bangladesh two passenger buses collided head-on, leaving 21 people dead and 50 injured.
    (AP, 12/6/09) 
2009        Dec 6, In Belarus men appearing to be law enforcement officers abducted four opposition activists in an attempt to scare them away from political activity in the repressive former Soviet republic. The activists were held for several hours in an imitation execution, before being released in the woods dozens of miles (km) from the capital, Minsk.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 6, Bolivia held elections. President Evo Morales, a coca-grower at odds with Washington but hugely popular at home for empowering the long-suppressed indigenous majority, easily won re-election.
    (AP, 12/6/09)(AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 6, Brazilian thieves tunneled their way to a money transport firm in Sao Paulo and made off with nearly $6 million. A day later 6 men were arrested for the robbery.
    (AP, 12/7/09)(AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 6, In Greece masked youths hurled firebombs and jagged chunks of marble at police as violence erupted during a march in Athens to mark the first anniversary of the police shooting of a teenager whose death sparked massive riots.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, In Guatemala a mob in Panahachel beat a suspected criminal to death and threatened to burn three women who were with the victim. It was Guatemala's fifth vigilante killing in three days.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, Iranian authorities slowed Internet connections to a crawl or choked them off completely before expected student protests on Dec 7, to deny the opposition a vital means of communication. Authorities also ordered journalists working for foreign media organizations not to leave their offices to cover the demonstrations.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, In Iraq gunmen killed four policemen at a checkpoint west of Baghdad in an early morning attack.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, Israeli settlers blocked roads, scuffled with police and pelted officers with eggs, in the most aggressive display of resistance yet to the government's ban on new housing construction in West Bank settlements.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, In Mexico thousands of people dressed in white demanded soldiers leave Ciudad Juarez, the country's most violent city, accusing troops of provoking a surge in drug-war killings and running protection rackets.
    (Reuters, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, In Nepal Maoists imposed a strict nationwide strike in protest of the killing of 3 landless laborers on Dec 4.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.46)
2009        Dec 6, Pakistani police commandos acting on a tip killed one militant and arrested five others in a raid against a bombing cell accused in recent attacks around the northwest city of Peshawar. A roadside bomb killed two elders in the Bajur tribal region and left two other tribesmen wounded. Pakistani security forces killed 13 suspected militants, including a prominent commander identified as Gul Maula, in gunbattles in two other parts of the northwest over the weekend.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, The Palestinian Authority signed an agreement with the World Bank and other donors for $64 million to help it prepare for statehood.
    (AP, 12/6/09)
2009        Dec 6, Philippine troops arrested 62 people and discovered another major weapons cache after martial law was imposed in southern Maguindanao province following the country's worst political massacre on Nov 23. About 20-30 armed followers of the Ampatuan clan, the main suspect in massacre, opened fire on police commandos while they were patrolling Datu Unsay township, near the site of the massacre. Government negotiators were trying to convince the gunmen to surrender to avoid bloodshed that could harm civilians.
    (AP, 12/6/09)(AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 6, Romanians voted in a presidential run-off hoping to put an end to a political standoff holding up crucial international aid to the recession-wracked EU member. Center-right President Traian Basescu, a former sea captain promising tough state reforms, faced Social-Democrat Mircea Geoana, an ex-diplomat who has pledged to maintain jobs and "reunite Romania" after years of political squabbling. Basescu won with 50.33% of the vote. Supporters of Geoana charged that the election was marred by fraud. The final result was determined by Romanians abroad who favored Basescu by 78%.
    (AFP, 12/6/09)(SFC, 12/8/09, p.A4)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.60)

2009        Dec 7, Pres. Obama met with Turkey’s PM Recep Erdogan, who stressed the role of diplomacy in persuading Iran to give up its nuclear ambitions. Erdogan made clear his unwillingness to back new coercion and said he was willing to mediate negotiations.
    (SFC, 12/8/09, p.A9)
2009        Dec 7, In New York a federal jury convicted Joseph Bruno, a former NY state Senate leader, on 2 counts of corruption.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 7, Scientists at Stanford University in California reported that they have successfully turned paper coated with ink made of silver and carbon nanomaterials into a "paper battery" that holds promise for new types of lightweight, high-performance energy storage.
    (Reuters, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 7, Virgin Galactic unveiled its first commercial spaceship, the VSS Enterprise, at the Mohave Air and Space Port in California. Initial trips to the edge of space were expected to cost $200,000 per person.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.91)
2009        Dec 7, Rick Hendricks (54), SF-based composer and steel guitar player, passed away of brain cancer as a huge gathering of the musical cohorts and many friends assembled at the Amnesia club, San Francisco's home of bluegrass and roots music, on Valencia Street.
2009        Dec 7, In Utah Susan Powell (28) was last seen at her West Valley City home as her husband, Josh Powell, took their two boys (ages 2 and 4) on a camping trip. Powell later claimed she ran off with another man. In 2012 authorities found her blood in the family home and a hand-written note expressing fear about her husband.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A10)(SFC, 9/19/11, p.A4)(SFC, 3/31/12, p.A5)
2009        Dec 7, Afghan lawmakers, refusing to be a rubber stamp, demanded a full, not partial, list of President Hamid Karzai's new Cabinet, the first test of the embattled leader's commitment to clean up graft and bribery in his government. Kabul Mayor Abdul Ahad Sahebi 963) was found guilty of awarding a contract for a city project without competition. An Afghan court sentenced him to four years in jail and ordered him to repay more than $16,000 involved in the contract. A British soldier from 1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment was killed in Nad-e Ali in southern Helmand Province. He became Britain’s 100th soldier to die in the current war.
    (AP, 12/7/09)(AFP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 7, Brazilian authorities arrested 11 people in an alleged US work-visa scam that raked in more than $50 million from thousands of Brazilians since 2002. Some of those scammed went to the US and wound up as illegal aliens because promised jobs didn't exist.
    (AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 7, ITV, the British TV channel behind hit show "I'm A Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here!", apologized for the death of a rat during filming in Australia, as the stars who killed it faced police charges.
    (AFP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 7, Government forces in the Central African Republic attacked rebel positions near the border with Chad to prevent them from storming a key northern town. Several fighters from the rebel Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) were reported killed as well as 2 government soldiers.
    (AFP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 7, In China 8 children died in a crush after someone stumbled while hundreds of children leaving their evening classes raced down the narrow stairway closest to their dormitory in Xiangxiang city, Hunan province.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 7, In Denmark the largest and most important UN climate change conference in history opened in Copenhagen, with organizers warning diplomats from 192 nations that this could be the last best chance for a deal to protect the world from calamitous global warming. This was the 15th conference of the parties to the 1992 UNFCCC in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 12/7/09)(Econ, 12/5/09, SR p.3)
2009        Dec 7, In Iran security forces and militiamen clashed with thousands of protesters shouting "death to the dictator" outside Tehran University, beating them with batons and firing tear gas on the officially designated “Student Day." Students demonstrated nationwide.
    (AP, 12/7/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.51)
2009        Dec 7, In Iraq an explosion outside an elementary school in Sadr City, a Shiite district of Baghdad, killed at least 8 people including 6 children. Gunmen stormed a checkpoint near Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad, killing five members of an anti-al-Qaida group. A roadside bomb killed one soldier and wounded two others in southeastern Baghdad, and in the west of the capital, a bomb attached to a vehicle killed one civilian.
    (AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 7, Kenyan police arrested a suspected weapons smuggler with up to 100,000 bullets and an assortment of guns, a huge cache in a country with stringent gun laws.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 7, A Pakistani convoy embarked to Waziristan from Peshawar as a suicide bomber blew himself up at a police check point, killing 11 people.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.17)
2009        Dec 7, In Somalia hundreds of students marched in Mogadishu's streets in the first known protest against Islamic militants, as Somalia's government warned that militants are planning suicide attacks against key installations in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 7, South Africa offered to slash the growth of its greenhouse gas emissions by 42 percent by 2025, but in exchange wants rich nations to expand aid for poor countries to cope with climate change.
    (AP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 7, In Sudan southern protesters torched offices of the ruling party after Khartoum police arrested 3 southern leaders and dozens of protesters in a crackdown against a pro-reform demonstration. Pagan Amum, Yassir Arman and Abbas Gumma from the former rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) were freed after a few hours.
    (AFP, 12/7/09)
2009        Dec 7, In Turkey a Kurdish rebel group, acting on its own initiative, carried out an assault in the central city of Tokat killing 7 Turkish soldiers. 3 soldiers were also wounded in the rebel ambush on a military vehicle.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 7, President Hugo Chavez said that Venezuela has received thousands of Russian-made missiles and rocket launchers as part of his government's military preparations for a possible armed conflict with neighboring Colombia.
    (AP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 8, President Barack Obama outlined new multibillion-dollar stimulus and jobs proposals, saying the nation must continue to "spend our way out of this recession" until more Americans are back at work.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, The US government announced that it intends to pay $3.4 billion to settle claims that it has mismanaged the revenue in American Indian trust funds. The tentative settlement would resolve a 13-year-old lawsuit over hundreds of thousands of land trust accounts that date to the 19th century.
    (SFC, 12/9/09, p.A6)
2009        Dec 8, Ratings agency Moody's warned of a "fiscal crisis" lasting "several years" in Britain, France, Germany and the United States, but saw no immediate threat to their top AAA credit assessments.
    (AFP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, Ohio executed Kenneth Biros (51) by performing the nation's first lethal injection using a single drug, sodium thiopental, a supposedly less painful method than previous executions that required 3 drugs. Biros killed Tami Engstrom (22) in 1991 after offering her a ride home from a bar. He then scattered her body parts in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 12/8/09)(SFC, 12/9/09, p.A10)
2009        Dec 8, CBS canceled "As the World Turns," putting the company that coined the phrase "soap operas" out of the business of making daytime dramas for the first time in 76 years.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, The Afghan government said NATO forces killed six civilians during a pre-dawn operation in eastern Afghanistan. NATO disputed the allegation, saying only militants died.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8,  Human Rights Watch issued a report saying police in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo have killed more than 11,000 people in the past six years, many execution-style.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, Brazil's largest city of Sao Paulo was been hit by severe floods for the second time in less than a week. Local media reported that six people have died in mudslides caused by heavy rain.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, In Cambodia Siwaraks Chothipong (31), a Thai employee of the Cambodia Air Traffic Service, was ordered to serve seven years in prison for spying on Thailand's former prime minister while he was in Cambodia as a guest of the government. Chothipong was accused of stealing Thaksin's flight schedule before his Nov. 10 arrival and sending it to the Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh.  The case threatened to worsen a diplomatic feud between the two neighbors. On Dec 11 Cambodia's king pardoned Chothipong.
    (AP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 8, China executed Yang Yanming, a former securities trader, for embezzlement. He became the first person in the industry to be put to death, but millions of yuan remained missing. He was the general manager of the Beijing securities trading department of the China Great Wall Trust and Investment Corp., which became Galaxy Securities, from 1997 to 2003.
    (Reuters, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), a New York based media rights watchdog, said that Eritrea tops the list of African countries that jail journalists for their work.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, EU nations agreed that Jerusalem should be the capital of both Israel and a future Palestinian state, assuaging Israeli anger over earlier mention of east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital. An earlier proposal by the Swedish EU presidency, to explicitly support the idea of east Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state, was dropped by the foreign ministers.
    (AFP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, Honduras' president-elect Porfirio Lobo said he wants amnesty for ousted Pres. Manuel Zelaya and for all of those involved in the June 28 coup that deposed him. 2 gunmen riding motorcycles shot and killed retired Gen. Julian Aristides Gonzalez, the country's top anti-drug official.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, In Iraq a series of coordinated attacks struck Baghdad, including two suicide car bombers and another vehicle that blew up near government sites. At least 127 were killed and over 500 hundred wounded in the worst wave of violence in the capital in more than a month.
    (AP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 8, In Iran pro-government militiamen assaulted university students demonstrating for a second straight day and hard-liners on motorcycles harassed the top opposition leader at his office Tuesday, signs of a possible intensified crackdown after the biggest anti-government demonstrations in months.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, Amnesty International released a report that said Mexican soldiers have carried out torture and forced disappearances while fighting drug cartels. A student's body was found in a truck at an intersection in Ciudad Juarez. He was the second student from the Autonomous University of Chihuahua to be killed since Dec 5.
    (AP, 12/9/09)(AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 8, In central Pakistan a team of militants launched a gun, rocket and suicide attack on an intelligence office in Multan, killing 12 people in a strike that showed the insurgents can hit deep in the heart of the country.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, The Palestinians announced a boycott of Israeli products made in the West Bank, stepping up their campaign against Israeli settlements.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, Russia's highest court upheld a ruling halting the activities of a regional branch of Jehovah's Witnesses and banning dozens of its publications in what the group deplored as an unfair move.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, Somali pirates hijacked the MV Shahbaig, a Pakistan-flagged fishing vessel with 28 crew members aboard.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 8, Swedish telecom giant Ericsson said it would cut 946 jobs in Sweden in an effort to downsize its production staff as it strives to improve efficiency.
    (AFP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, The UN weather agency reported that this decade is on track to become the warmest since records began in 1850, and 2009 could rank among the top-five warmest years, on the second day of a pivotal 192-nation climate conference.
    (AP, 12/8/09)
2009        Dec 8, In Venezuela a group of college students ended a hunger strike after 17 days following a meeting with Organization of American States representatives to air their concerns about human rights. A dozen students started the protest Nov. 21 outside the OAS office in Caracas, aiming to press the body to look into their complaints, including allegations that President Hugo Chavez's government abuses the legal system to persecute opponents. Jesus Ramirez Bello (20), a student, was shot and killed during a protest in the southwestern city of San Cristobal, Tachira state. 2 suspects were later detained in the killing.
    (AP, 12/9/09)(AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 9, US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner told Congress that the administration will extend the government's financial bailout program until next fall, saying it's needed to protect against fresh economic shocks.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, Time Warner, which acquired America Online (AOL) in 2001, span off AOL and its 7,000 employees as a separate company under CEO Tim Armstrong (38).
    (SFC, 5/29/09, p.C2)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.73)
2009        Dec 9, A blizzard dumped over a foot of snow across much of the Midwest and New England. Nearly 19 inches fell in Madison, Wis., 16 inches was reported in Des Moines, Iowa. At least 16 deaths were blamed on the storm.
    (SFC, 12/10/09, p.A17)
2009        Dec 9, In Chula Vista, Ca., Maribel Arteaga (28), a pregnant woman, was fatally stabbed in front of her two children by a man authorities believe is her estranged husband. On Jan 28, 2011, Arteaga Garcia was detained by Mexican police.
    (SSFC, 1/30/11, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/47x9hte)
2009        Dec 9, Gene Barry (1919), American film and TV actor, died. He played Bat Masterson in the NBC TV series from 1958-1961. From 1963-1966 he starred in “Captain Amos Burke," later renamed “Amos Burke: Secret Agent." From 1968-1971 he played a publishing tycoon in “the name of the Game." From 1972-1973 he starred as a government agent in the British series “The Adventurer."
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)
2009        Dec 9, Australia’s government said 5 North Korean artists have been banned from entering Australia for an exhibition of their work, drawing accusations of censorship from the arts community. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said the artists and a translator have been refused visas because it is contrary to foreign policy interests and because they are from a studio linked to North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il.
    (AFP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, Bolivia seized a 12,500-hectare (48-square-mile) ranch in the eastern lowlands from a soybean magnate who is among the chief political rivals of just re-elected President Evo Morales. The next day deputy land minister said the Yasminka ranch taken from Branko Marinkovic will be given to the Guarayo Indians. The Marinkovic family, which immigrated from Croatia in the 1950s, is fighting in court to keep a slightly bigger ranch, Laguna Corazon, from the same fate.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 9, The British government fired a broadside at banks, slapping a 50% tax rate on bonuses over 25,000 pounds to recoup cash spent saving the sector.
    (AFP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, In Costa Rica former President Rodrigo Carazo Odio (82) died of complications from open-heart surgery. Odio governed Costa Rica from 1978 to 1982.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, Germany’s Volkswagen announced that it has agreed to pay $2.5 billion for a 19.9% stake in Suzuki, a family-owned Japanese maker of small cars and motorcycles.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.72)
2009        Dec 9, In Guatemala former Pres. Kjell Eugenio Laugerud (79) died from complications related to cancer. He is credited with helping rebuild Guatemala after the devastating 1976 earthquake.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 9, The Honduras government granted authorization for ousted Pres. Zelaya to leave the country and go to Mexico.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, India’s federal government agreed to give in to a high-profile hunger strike and create the new state of Telangana out of the vast state of Andhra Pradesh.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 9, Iran claimed that a newly built UN station to detect nuclear explosions was built in Turkmenistan near its border to give the West a post to spy on the country. The Vienna-based Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, or CTBTO, said the station has now been fully constructed and is currently undergoing testing.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, In Iraq a bomb attached to a minibus exploded in northern Baghdad, killing two and injuring 11. A bomb hidden in a garbage heap killed two street sweepers and injured three passers-by in northern Baghdad. An hour later in the same neighborhood a gunman killed a police officer at a checkpoint.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, Some 10,000 West Bank settlers turned out to support resistance to a government ban on most new housing.
    (SFC, 12/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 9, In Mexico the bound, bullet-riddled bodies of seven men were found along a highway in Chihuahua state. 2 federal agents were killed in separate attacks in the cities of Uruapan and Lazaro Cardenas, Michoacan state. Police found four mutilated bodies near a middle school in Chilpancingo, state capital of drug-plagued Guerrero state.
    (AP, 12/10/09)(AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 9, Amnesty International said that police in Nigeria carry out hundreds of extra-judicial killings every year and only those who can afford to pay bribes can guarantee their safety from execution or torture.
    (AFP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, In Pakistan 5 American men (18-24) were arrested at a house in Sargodha linked to Jaish-e-Mohammed. They had met with representatives of an al-Qaida linked group and asked for training but were turned down because they lacked references from trusted militants. One, Ramy Zamzam, was a dental student at Howard University. The others were identified as Waqar Hussain Khan, Ramy Zamzam, Ahmal Abdul Minni, Aman Hassan Yamer and Umer Farooq. Khalid Farooq, Umer’s father, was also detained. On June 24, 2010, the 5 American Muslims were convicted of plotting terrorist attacks and sentenced to 10 years in jail.
    (AP, 12/10/09)(SFC, 12/12/09, p.A2)(AP, 6/24/10)
2009        Dec 9, Philippine police named 161 suspects in the Nov 23 massacre of 57 people in the country's worst election violence, including government militiamen led by members of a powerful clan facing murder and rebellion charges.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Dec 9, Russia's error-prone Bulava intercontinental ballistic missile suffered its eighth failure in 12 tests.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 9, In Switzerland the world's largest atom smasher recorded its first high energy collision of protons.
    (SFC, 12/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 9, The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies said it needs $32 million to feed 220,000 Zimbabweans who cannot access hard currency in the collapsed economy.
    (AP, 12/9/09)

2009        Dec 10, In California the Assembly’s Democratic Caucus selected openly gay Latino Democrat John Perez from Los Angeles as the lower house’s leader. He was expected to be voted in as the 68th Assembly speaker in January.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 10, In SF police arrested 25 protesters a day after students barricaded themselves inside the business school of San Francisco State Univ. to protest fee hikes and budget cuts at the state’s public universities.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.C2)
2009        Dec 10, In the SF Bay Area BART directors approved a 3.2 mile people mover connection to the Oakland Airport. $440 million in contracts were approved with a target date as soon as 2013.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.C1)
2009        Dec 10, Pennsylvania police charged Alfonso Frank Frazetta (52) with theft, burglary and trespass after he was caught loading artwork into his trailer and SUV. He had used a backhoe to break into a museum owned by his father, fantasy artist Frank Frazetta (b.1928) loading artwork.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A11)
2009        Dec 10, A consortium including Google and KDDI Corp signed a deal to build and operate an international undersea cable system, estimated to cost $400 million. Globe Telecom, part owned by Singapore Telecommunications Ltd, and units of Bharti Airtel and Reliance Communications were also part of the consortium.
    (Reuters, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, US researchers reported that they have developed a less toxic transplant procedure using bone marrow transplants to cure sickle cell disease in adults.
    (SFC, 12/10/09, p.A22)
2009        Dec 10, The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported that nearly 10,000 people have died from H1N1 influenza through Nov 14. Over 200,000 people were reported to have been hospitalized since the beginning of the pandemic 7 months earlier. 50 million America were estimated to have contacted the disease.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A21)
2009        Dec 10, In southeastern Australia more than 120 wildfires fanned by high winds and soaring temperatures raged, prompting emergency warnings for several towns.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Egyptian security officials said a project is under way along the Gaza border to stem smuggling into the Palestinian territory through underground tunnels. A border guard with Hamas' Gaza rulers said the Egyptians are digging during the day and putting sheets of metal into the trenches at night.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki accused rivals of stoking political rows that have put security at risk, as US Defense Secretary Robert Gates arrived on a surprise visit. One US soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Ichiro Ozawa, Japan’s “shadow shogun," flew 645 people in 5 airplanes, including 143 members of the DPJ, to meet with China’s Premier Hu Jintao.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.75)
2009        Dec 10, In Libya a foundation run by Moamer Kadhafi's son, Seif al-Islam, published a new report cataloguing an array of cases of torture, wrongful imprisonment and other abuses. The publication of the Kadhafi Foundation's human rights report, its first since it was set up in 1999, came just two days before New York-based watchdog Human Rights Watch is due to bring out its own report on Libya.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Mexico 2 federal agents were killed in a shootout with gunmen in the port city of Lazaro Cardenas. Earlier in the day, a passer-by was killed in the same city when he drove into a shootout between agents and gunmen outside a hotel where the federal police officers were staying. Three more officers who had been wounded last evening in an attack in the town of Apatzingan died at a hospital.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, North Korea agreed to accept medicine from South Korea to fight an outbreak of swine flu, in a development that could improve relations between the nations after a deadly maritime clash.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Oslo, Norway, President Barack Obama accepted the Nobel Peace Prize, acknowledging his own few accomplishments while delivering a robust defense of war and promising to use the prestigious award to "reach for the world that ought to be."
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Abdullah Abu Rahmeh (38), a teacher and leader of the most persistent Palestinian protest movement against Israel's West Bank separation barrier, was arrested by Israeli troops in a pre-dawn raid.
    (AFP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Paraguay an appeals court overturned the corruption conviction and prison sentence for former president Luis Gonzalez Macchi, drawing criticism from the current government. Macchi had been sentenced to eight years in prison for stashing $370,000 in a secret Swiss bank account during his term.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In the Philippines gunmen abducted 65 students and teacher from a school in San Martin village on Mindanao island. Suspected bandits trying to evade police serving arrest warrants abducted dozens of villagers and were still holding 57 hostages after releasing all the schoolchildren they had seized.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)(AP, 12/10/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.48)
2009        Dec 10, South Africa said it has suspended dozens of immigration officials being investigated for giving South African citizenship to foreigners, mainly from Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In South Africa the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa (IDC) said it has approved a 10-million-dollar grant to fund the expansion of Zimbabwe's Freda Rebecca gold mine.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Sudan gunmen in Nyala, western Darfur, shot and killed Hassan Tageddine Hassan al-Helw of the ruling National Congress Party along with 2 others in his car.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Tanzania an undersea cable to the archipelago of Zanzibar failed. The government vowed to have it restored by Feb 20, 2010.
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, p.M3)
2009        Dec 10, In Thailand thousands of red-shirted supporters of former Thai PM Thaksin Shinawatra flooded back into the streets of Bangkok in an attempt to step up pressure on the embattled government.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Turkey an explosion caused the collapse of an underground chamber of a coal mine, killing 19 workers in western Bursa province.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, Uganda's parliament approved a bill banning female genital mutilation.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Venezuela Judge Maria Afiuni was jailed on charges of corruption and abuse of power for freeing a high-profile banker while he awaited trial. An angry President Hugo Chavez demanded she be kept in a cell for the maximum sentence, 30 years.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 11, A US counterterrorism official said Saleh al-Somali, a senior al-Qaida operations planner, was killed in an American missile strike this week in western Pakistan. Officials believed that he helped organize plots in New York, Manchester and Norway.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AP, 1/30/12)
2009        Dec 11, US immigration agents arrested 280 people in California as they fanned out across the state for a 3-day search for illegal immigrants.
    (SFC, 12/12/09, p.A5)
2009        Dec 11, SF Mayor Newsom called on owners of commercial buildings to conduct an energy audit within 5 years to secure their business license renewal. The results would be provided to the city which would make the information available in a public database.
    (SFC, 12/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 11, Spc. Marc A. Hall  was jailed, two days before his brigade with the Army's 3rd Infantry Division out of Ft. Stewart, Georgia, was scheduled to leave for Iraq. He was charged with the military offense of communicating a threat after telling his battalion commander that he might shoot or otherwise attack a fellow US soldier. Hall was dismissed in April, 2010, and lost all military benefits earned over at least four years of service, including an earlier tour in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/17/10)
2009        Dec 11, Jenny Sanford, South Carolina's first lady, filed for divorce more than five months after his tearful public confession of an affair with an Argentine woman. The former Wall Street vice president helped launch her husband's political career and has been a quiet presence since her husband took office in 2003.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, US golfer Tiger Woods announced that he will take a break from his PGA Tour career as he scrambles to salvage his marriage.
    (SFC, 12/12/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 11, Australia's PM Kevin Rudd threatened legal action against Japan if it does not stop its research whaling program that kills up to 1,000 whales a year.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In Brazil a new presidential decree suspended up to an estimated $5.7 billion in fines and gave landowners two more years to comply with environmental regulations meant to stop the razing of the Brazilian rain forest.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, The Canadian government said that it has approved a request from Egyptian-backed telecom Globalive Wireless Management Corp. to launch its mobile phone service in Canada.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, Cyprus police said grave robbers over night had stolen the corpse of former Cyprus President Tassos Papadopoulos after digging up his coffin on the eve of the first anniversary of the statesmen's death. Police discovered the missing body of former President Papadopoulos in another grave on March 8.
    (AP, 12/11/09)(AP, 3/9/10)
2009        Dec 11, EU leaders agreed to commit euro2.4 billion ($3.6 billion) a year until 2012 to help poorer countries combat global warming, as they sought to rescue their image as climate change innovators and bolster the talks in Copenhagen. A new draft agreement at the climate talks pulled together the main elements of a global pact but left gaping holes on financing and cutting greenhouse gas emissions for world leaders to fill in next week.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, German officials said Berlin's new airport will be named after Willy Brandt (1913-1992), the former West German leader who championed East-West relations and won the Nobel Peace Prize (1971).
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, Ousted Honduran President Manuel Zelaya said he will leave the Brazilian Embassy in Honduras by Jan. 27, when his presidential term ends.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In India protesters took to the streets of Hyderabad, setting public buses on fire and clashing with police, in anger over the government’s decision to carve a new state out of the southern region of Andhra Pradesh. Leaders of the Gorkhas, a group of ethnic Nepalis living in West Bengal, called for an indefinite strike to push their decades-old demand for the creation of Gorkhaland.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, Thousands of Iranian government supporters staged rallies denouncing opposition students who burned photos of the supreme leader in protests this week.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In Iraq at least six people were killed after a two-pronged bomb attack south of Baghdad that was apparently designed to ambush bystanders. A US soldier in northern Iraq died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AP, 12/11/09)(AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 11, Iraq struck deals with consortiums led by Anglo-Dutch and Chinese giants Shell and CNPC over massive southern oil fields, as part of a two-day auction that seeks to dramatically boost the country's crude output.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, Mexico's foreign minister met with Cuban President Raul Castro for three hours, the latest sign her country and the island have repaired recently chilly relations.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In Mexico police found the bodies of three women and two men inside a home in the town of Almoloya de Juarez. A third man died on the way to a hospital. Soldiers raided a drug cartel's Christmas party south of Mexico City, outside the mountain town of Tepoztlan. They found 16 automatic rifles, $280,000 in cash, and  Latin Grammy winner Ramon Ayala and his norteno band, Los Bravos del Norte. 3 gunmen were killed and 11 others suspected of working for the Beltran Leyva drug cartel were detained.
    (AP, 12/11/09)(AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 11, Assailants in the West Bank vandalized a Palestinian mosque, burning prayer carpets and holy books, and leaving behind Hebrew graffiti indicating the rampage was the work of settlers angry over Israel's plans to curb settlement construction.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In the Philippines government-armed former militiamen freed 10 more hostages seized in the remote south, and their leader demanded that murder charges against them be dropped before they release 47 others.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, Romania's Constitutional Court ordered a re-examination of ballots declared void in the Dec 6 presidential election amid allegations of widespread fraud.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, In Spain the A400M military transport plane, that has been causing Airbus and European defense ministers budgetary and logistical headaches, finally took to the skies for its maiden flight.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 11, At the Vatican Vietnam’s President Nguyen Minh Triet met with Pope Benedict XVI for 40 minutes, twice as long as was scheduled and the first time that the head of state of Vietnam has met with the pope since the communists took power in 1954. Vietnam's 6 million Roman Catholics is one of the largest Catholic communities in Asia.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 12, President Barack Obama singled out financial institutions for causing much of the economic tailspin and criticized their opposition to tighter federal oversight of their industry. The Democratic-controlled US Senate cleared away a Republican filibuster of a huge end-of-year spending bill that rewards most federal agencies with generous budget boosts.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Houston became the largest US city to elect an openly gay mayor, with voters handing a solid victory to City Controller Annise Parker (53) after a hotly contested runoff.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 12, Alabama running back Mark Ingram won this year’s Heisman trophy.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Berkeley, Ca., police arrested 8 people after a crowd of angry protesters broke windows and threw burning torches at the campus residence of UC chancellor Robert Birgeneau in protest over fee hikes and budget cuts.
    (SSFC, 12/13/09, p.C1)
2009        Dec 12, In New York state truck driver Thomas Wallace hit a disabled car killing Julie Stratton (33). The car was disabled after hitting a deer. On Sep 1, 2010, Wallace was sentenced to 3-9 years in prison after pleading guilty to 2nd degree murder. His laptop computer was streaming pornography when his rig hit the disabled car.
    (SFC, 9/2/10, p.A6)
2009        Dec 12, Abkhazia held elections. Preliminary results indicated that President Sergei Bagapsh defeated four other candidates. About 70% of the 130,000 registered voters took part in the vote. The province is also home to some 40,000 ethnic Georgians who are not eligible to vote because they don't hold Abkhazian passports. An estimated 200,000 ethnic Georgians fled Abkhazia in the 1990s.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Afghanistan Wahibuddin Sadat, the deputy mayor of Kabul, was arrested for alleged misuse of authority, part of a crackdown in the wake of massive international criticism of corruption in President Hamid Karzai's government. 3 Taliban fighters were killed when a roadside bomb they were planting exploded in Helmand province. 4 Afghan private security guards were killed when their car hit a roadside bomb elsewhere in Helmand.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, In China Liu Aibing (34) went on a rampage with his shotgun killing 12 people including his father. He was apprehended the next day in Gaoming town in Hunan province's Anhua county. Liu also seriously injured two other people and set six homes on fire. He was said to have had a long history of mental illness.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 12, It was reported that Cuba has detained an American government contractor and accused him of distributing cell phones, laptops and other communications equipment to political opposition groups on the island.
    (SFC, 12/12/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 12, In Denmark violence broke out in Copenhagen as tens of thousands took to the streets to demand tough measures on climate change, with demonstrators around the world rallying for action instead of words.
    (AFP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Honduras a Foreign Ministry spokesman says Honduras will grant ousted Pres. Zelaya safe passage to any country that offers him asylum outside Central America.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Hong Kong 5 women and a man suffered burns in the incident in Causeway Bay, one of a spate of acid attacks in the city. One woman's face and chest were badly injured, with burns covering nearly 20 percent of her body. On Jan 14 police charged a 23-year-old man over the acid attack.
    (AFP, 1/14/10)(www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200912/13/P200912130264.htm)
2009        Dec 12, In India 20 state ministers resigned amid mounting street demonstrations and violence to protest India's decision to carve a new state out of southern Andhra Pradesh state.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12,  Iran said it is ready to exchange the bulk of its stockpile of enriched uranium for nuclear fuel rods, as proposed by the UN, but according to its own mechanisms and timetable. Iran also said it needs up to 15 nuclear plants to generate electricity. Tens of thousands of hard-line clerics rallied in cities across the country to denounce student protesters who burned photos of the country's supreme leader in a taboo-shattering act earlier in the week.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(Reuters, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Iraq sold Russian firm Lukoil rights to the West Qurna-2 oil field, one of the world's biggest untapped oil fields, on the 2nd day of an auction. Lukoil will work with junior partner StatoilHydro of Norway.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Italy at least 5 sperm whales died after a pod of nine beached on the southern coast. Experts called it a rare and puzzling mass beaching for such a large species. Officials were considering euthanizing the last two whales still trapped in high waves.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Kenya 12 players of the Eritrean national football squad failed to show up at the airport to return home. They were later reported to have disappeared in Nairobi with the intention of seeking asylum.
    (AFP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 12, Human Rights Watch announced a report saying Libya continues to subject political dissidents to arbitrary detention and unfair trials despite limited improvements in freedom of expression since the country began to shed its pariah status in 2003.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Pakistan’s PM Yousuf Raza Gilani said his government may launch a new military offensive in Orakzai district near the Afghan border. Insurgent leaders are believed to have fled there to escape a government onslaught against the Taliban in South Waziristan. Interior Minister Rehman Malik mentioned North Waziristan as another potential front, though military officials have been loathe to say whether they would want to extend the fight there.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Al-Qaida issued a new English-language video denying it was behind a series of bombings in Pakistan that have killed hundreds of civilians, calling such attacks un-Islamic.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, A Palestinian man made homeless by last winter's Gaza war was the first to receive a UN-funded mud brick home, with UN aid officials saying they're reverting to ancient building techniques because Israel won't allow concrete and other construction materials into blockaded Gaza. A Palestinian farmer was killed when he was caught in the crossfire of a shootout between militants and Israeli soldiers in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AFP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Rwanda held elections. President Paul Kagame was reelected with a crushing majority to head the Rwandan Patriotic Front party that has been in power since 1994.
    (AFP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 12, Saudi newspapers said Saudi ground forces and Apache attack helicopters had battled Huthi fighters for two days at the Al-Jabri post on the Yemeni border in the southern province of Yemen, and repulsed attempted Huthi incursions. Saudi military denied a claim by Yemen's Huthi rebels that they seized a Saudi border post.
    (AFP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, In South Africa drums and traditional dancers kicked off the Miss World pageant in Johannesburg. The glitzy night began in the shadow of reports that one contestant was linked to a religious cult. Kaiane Aldorino from Gibraltar was named the new Miss World.
    (AFP, 12/12/09)(AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 12, In Thailand 4 Kazakhs and a Belarusian were detained and their New Zealand registered aircraft impounded after it landed in the Thai capital with tons of war weaponry on board that originated in North Korea. The Ilyushin 76 transport from Kazakhstan was allegedly traveling from North Korea to Sri Lanka when it asked to land in Bangkok to refuel. According to a flight plan seen by arms trafficking researchers, the aircraft was chartered by Hong Kong-based Union Top Management Ltd. to fly oil industry spare parts from Pyongyang to Tehran, Iran, with several other stops, including Bangkok, Colombo in Sri Lanka, Azerbaijan and Ukraine. A New Zealand shell company, SP Trading Ltd., had leased the airplane.
    (AP, 12/12/09)(AP, 12/23/09)(AP, 1/22/10)
2009        Dec 12, In Turkey angry Kurds battled Turkish police with rocks and firebombs to protest a decision by the country's top court to shut down a pro-Kurdish political party on charges of ties to militants.
    (AP, 12/12/09)
2009        Dec 12, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe was re-elected as ZANU-PF leader for the next five years, urging supporters to work for the survival of the party. Mugabe said the unity government is short-lived and he plans to regain his hold over the country.
    (AFP, 12/12/09)(AP, 12/13/09)

2009        Dec 13, Pres. Obama said: “I did not run for office to be helping out a bunch of fat-cat bankers on Wall Street."
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.126)
2009        Dec 13, The US Senate cleared a $447 billion omnibus spending bill for Pres. Obama’s signature. It contained thousands of earmarks and double digit increases for several Cabinet agencies.
    (SFC, 12/14/09, p.A11)
2009        Dec 13, Paul Samuelson (b.1915), American economist and 1970 winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, died at his home in Belmont, Mass.
    (SFC, 12/14/09, p.D1)
2009        Dec 13, In Burkina Faso diplomats from the US, the African Union and the EU, met to discuss a plan to return Guinea to civilian rule. West Africa's regional economic body called for troops to be sent to Guinea to prevent violence in the wake of an assassination attempt against the military leader earlier this month and a bloody massacre in September.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 13, Chile held elections. Sebastian Pinera, a billionaire who grew rich providing credit cards to Chileans, strongly led in the polls. With 98% of the vote counted Pinera won 44% of the vote, to 30% for former President Eduardo Frei (67). A runoff vote was scheduled for Jan 17.
    (AP, 12/13/09)(AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 13, In Iran police surrounded the campus of Tehran University on Sunday, trapping hundreds of students protesting what they said were fabricated government images of the burning of a photo of the Islamic Republic's revered founder.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 13, Iraq's top security chiefs said that the US military had warned them in advance about an imminent attack but the tip came too late to act on before last week's deadly Baghdad bombings against government sites. The also said that 13 al-Qaida-linked suspects have been detained in connection with the Dec 8 bombings.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 13, Italy’s Premier Silvio Berlusconi (73) was hospitalized in Milan with a fractured nose and two broken teeth from an attack by a mentally disturbed man who hit him in the face with a statuette. Police arrested attacker Massimo Tartaglia (42), a 42-year-old man with a history of psychological problems.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 13, Pakistani soldiers battled militants in a tribal region close to the Afghan border, killing seven insurgents but losing two of their own in skirmishes in an area where al-Qaida and the Taliban have long sought sanctuary.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 13, In the southern Philippines tribal gunmen freed 47 hostages, but the region continued to be wracked by violence. Suspected Islamic radicals overnight staged a deadly jail break in which 31 inmates were freed, including comrades accused of beheading marines.
    (AP, 12/13/09)(SSFC, 12/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Dec 13, In Serbia a grimy three-car train pulled out of Belgrade's railway station on the first direct trip to Sarajevo in nearly 18 years, restoring a link broken at the start of ethnic warfare in the former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 13, In Spain people in Catalonia voted in symbolic referendums that organizers hoped would be a step towards eventual independence from Spain for the wealthy region. About 94% favored independence with turnout of about 25%.
    (AP, 12/13/09)(AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 13, Turkish nationalists and Kurdish activists clashed in Istanbul, leaving at least one person injured from a gunshot during street battles.
    (AFP, 12/13/09)
2009        Dec 13, In Yemen air strike killed at least 35 people in the northwest where rebels have been fighting a guerrilla war against Yemeni and Saudi forces. Rebels said 70 civilians were killed as fighter jets struck the town of Razah.
    (SFC, 12/14/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 14, Citigroup Inc. said it is repaying $20 billion in bailout money it received from the Treasury Department, freeing the banking giant from the close scrutiny and pay restrictions that came with the rescue program. The government will also sell its stake in the company. Hours later Wells Fargo announced plans to sell $10.4 billion in new stock to help repay all $25 billion in bailout aid.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.D1)
2009        Dec 14-2009 Dec 17, In northeastern Congo at least 321 civilians were killed in a massacre by the Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army in the Makombo area. Villagers that escaped their LRA captors were sent back with their lips and ears cut off as a warning to others of what would happen if they tried to talk. News of the massacre was not made public until March 27, 2010.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2009        Dec 14, Exxon Mobil Corp. said it will buy XTO Energy Inc in an all-stock transaction valued at about $30 billion, in a bid that thrusts the oil giant to the forefront of North America's fast-growing natural gas industry.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Researchers from US Santa Barbara and the Univ. of Mich published a study describing their synthetic red blood cells, which are capable of delivering medicine, oxygen or MRI contrast agents throughout the body.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A28)
2009        Dec 14, Dr. Walter Stamm (b.1945), a pioneer in the treatment of urinary tract infections, died in Seattle. He demonstrated that many cases of PID are caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and developed a test for the organism.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.C8)
2009        Dec 14, In Afghanistan 16 policemen were killed in two separate attacks. 8 police were killed by militants in Baghlan province. Taliban fighters attacked an outpost in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province, killing another 8 policemen.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 14, Austria’s Finance Minister Josef Proell said Austria will nationalize the Hypo Group Alpe-Adria to prevent its collapse. The bank with assets across the Balkans went on to lose $634 million in the first half of 2010.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.63)
2009        Dec 14, In Bolivia’s presidential runner-up Manfred Reyes Villa crossed over the Peruvian border and then flew to the US the following day to escape election-fraud charges.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 14, Human Rights Watch said a UN-backed Congolese military operation to oust rebels from eastern Congo has caused more civilian casualties than damage to rebels, with more than 1,400 people deliberately killed over a nine-month period.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Denmark China, India and other developing nations boycotted UN climate talks, bringing negotiations to a halt with their demand that rich countries discuss much deeper cuts in their greenhouse gas emissions. Representatives from 135 developing countries said they refused to participate in any formal working groups at the 192-nation summit until the issue was resolved. African nations agreed to resume UN climate talks in Copenhagen after a half-day suspension, accusing rich countries of trying to kill the existing Kyoto Protocol.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(Reuters, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, The Dubai government said it will pay 4.1 billion dollars to cover maturing Islamic bonds issued by its Nakheel property developer after receiving a 10-billion-dollar handout from oil-rich Abu Dhabi.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Egypt a 2-day regional conference ended addressing for the first time the once taboo topic of sexual harassment. Activists said the sexual harassment of women in the streets, schools and work places of the Arab world was driving them to cover up and confine themselves to their homes.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 14, Cyclone Mick hit Fiji. Thousands of villagers fled to shelters as the tropical cyclone battered the South Pacific nation, causing flooding, damaging homes and power lines, and killing three people.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 14, India's inflation rate jumped to its highest level in 10 months, according to official data, raising pressure on the central bank to begin reversing deep interest rate cuts. The wholesale inflation rate climbed by a larger-than-expected 4.78% in November from a year earlier after rising by 1.34% in October.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Iran's main opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi vowed more anti-government protests as the authorities announced several arrests over a reported insult to Islamic revolution founder Ayatollah Khomeini.
    (AF    P, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Gulf leaders arrived in Kuwait for a two-day annual summit with the global recession's impact on their economies, fighting in Yemen and Iran's nuclear drive high on the agenda.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Morocco charged that Aminatou Haidar, a Sahrawi activist on hunger strike in Spain's Canary Islands, is part of a "systematic, methodical plot devised by Algeria." Haidar (42) has been on hunger strike for almost a month on Lanzarote, after being refused entry to the Western Sahara, which is territory occupied by and claimed by Morocco.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Nigeria 23 people burned to death when a bus carrying mourners to a funeral collided with a truck on a road in southwest Oyo state.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of Hamas supporters thronged downtown Gaza City to mark the 22nd anniversary of the group's founding. Hamas PM Ismail Haniya told tens of thousands of Hamas supporters his group remains committed to the elimination of Israel.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Rwanda Valerie Bemeriki, a former journalist, was sentenced to life in prison for her role in inciting genocide, in the latest of a series of trials for the 1994 slaughter.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Somalia a community leader said an explosion of an old land mine has killed six children from the same family near the border with Ethiopia.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Spain’s National Court in Madrid found 11 men guilty of belonging to a terrorist organization and sentenced them to up to 14 years in prison. 9 were of Pakistani nationality or origin and 2 were from India. They  had been accused of planning attacks in Barcelona.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 14, Sudanese police fired tear gas, used water cannons and rounded up dozens of opposition supporters in a bid to halt a pro-democracy rally outside parliament.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, The World Health Organization (WHO) said polio has re-emerged in several African countries where it had been eradicated, at the start of a conference on child immunization in Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 12/14/09)

2009        Dec 15, The White House announced that the government will acquire an underutilized state prison in rural Illinois to be the new home for a limited number of terrorist suspects held at Guantanamo.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, The US government and the window covering industry recalled more than 50 million Roman-style shades and roll-up blinds because of the risk children may be strangled by the cords.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Donald Eugene Gates (58), in prison for 28 years, was freed after DNA evidence cleared him of charges of rape and murder. His conviction had been based on the testimony of FBI forensic analyst Michael P. Malone, whose work came under fire in 1997, and a hair analysis technique that has been discredited. Gates was given $75 and a bus ticket to Ohio. Gates had been convicted in 1982 of the 1981 rape and murder of Catherine Schilling (21), a Georgetown University student, in Washington's Rock Creek Park. He was sentenced to 20 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/y8smuur)
2009        Dec 15, Boeing’s new 787 jetliner made its inaugural flight from Everett’s Paine Field, beginning an extensive testing program to obtain FAA certification.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 15, Oral Roberts (b.1918), preacher, televangelist and founder of the Oral Roberts Univ. in Tulsa, Okla., died in Newport Beach, Ca. The pioneer Oklahoma-based televangelist began broadcasting his revivals by television in 1954.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.65)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_Roberts)
2009        Dec 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai opened a 3-day conference on corruption. He used his keynote speech to defend the most senior of his officials. He called for large-scale reform to stamp out the bribery and graft that permeate ministries and state offices. A suicide car bomber blew up his vehicle outside a former vice president's home in the heavily secured main diplomatic and government residential neighborhood of Kabul, killing eight people and wounding dozens. The wreckage of the bomber's car was in flames outside the gate to the Heetal Hotel, a small hotel used by foreigners in the Wazir Akbar Khan district. A roadside bomb killed four police officers near western Herat city. 2 Afghan army soldiers were killed in militant attacks in eastern Laghman province and southern Kandahar province.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A5)(AP, 12/15/09)(Reuters, 12/15/09)(AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 15, Australia said it would push ahead with a mandatory China-style plan to filter the Internet, despite widespread criticism that it will strangle free speech and is doomed to fail. Communications Minister Stephen Conroy said new laws would be introduced to ban access to "refused classification" (RC) sites featuring criminal content such as child sex abuse, bestiality, rape and detailed drug use.
    (AFP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Australian scientists reported the discovery of an octopus in Indonesia that collects coconut shells for shelter, unusually sophisticated behavior that the researchers believe is the first evidence of tool use in an invertebrate animal.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, British Airways sought a court injunction to prevent a 12-day strike by cabin crew that would cause havoc for one million travelers over the Christmas and New Year's holidays.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Ecuador said that it had reached a deal with the EU aimed at ending a long-running dispute between Latin American nations and the EU over tariffs on bananas.
    (AFP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Honduras gunmen attacked the car of a television journalist, killing her pregnant daughter but leaving her uninjured.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Kuwait Gulf Arab nations put into force a monetary pact, moving a step closer toward the elusive goal of a single regional currency and greater integration between the mainly oil-rich states. The announcement was made by Kuwait's finance minister came as leaders from the six-member Gulf Cooperation Council nations were wrapping up a two-day summit in which they launched a regional electricity project. The GCC groups Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Bahrain.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Iraq car bombs and other explosions ripped through Baghdad and Mosul, killing nine people and highlighting once again the apparent ease with which insurgents can slip past security. 3 car bombs in Baghdad killed 5 people. 2 car bombs in Mosul killed 4 people.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Disarmed Iranian rebels and their families defied Iraqi police instructions to leave a camp near the border which the government has ordered closed.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Italy Massimo Tartaglia, the man who attacked Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, wrote a letter to Berlusconi through his lawyers, saying he was sorry for his act as a judge considered whether he should be transferred to a psychiatric hospital.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Italy Dr. Mark Weinberger, a fugitive American doctor, was arrested near the northern border with France. He was found in a tent near Mont Blanc. Weinberger, of Merrillville, Indiana, was indicted by a federal grand jury in Hammond, Indiana, in 2006 on 22 counts of fraud for allegedly scheming to overbill insurance companies for procedures that were either not needed or sometimes never performed. On Dec 24 a court in Turin approved a US extradition request.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 15, The tiny Pacific island of Nauru recognized the rebel Black Sea region of Abkhazia, throwing its weight behind a Russian drive to win international recognition for Georgia's breakaway territories.
    (Reuters, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Israel’s PM Benjamin Netanyahu rejected the issuing in Britain of an arrest warrant against Israel's former foreign minister Tzipi Livni for alleged war crimes. She was targeted by Palestinians for her role in last winter's brutal offensive against Hamas in Gaza, when she was foreign minister.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Mexican authorities found the decapitated bodies of four men in the border city of Tijuana. A grenade attack on a police station in western Mexico wounded a pregnant woman and her 3-year-old daughter. US officials delivered five helicopters to Mexico to help the country in its fight against drug cartels. 7 vehicles were burned in Mexico City. Investigators found evidence linking an animal rights group to homemade bombs that burned the cars.
    (AP, 12/15/09)(AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Pakistan a suicide car bomb exploded in a market close to the home of a politician in the Punjabi town of Dera Ghazi Khan, killing 33 people and wounding 60 others. Pakistani military killed 49 insurgents in the northwest, widening the net in the lawless tribal belt. At least 18 militants were killed when helicopters pounded Toorikhel town of Orakzai when militants were holding an important meeting. An air offensive in Dagar, a town in the Kurram district, killed 21 militants. 4 more people were killed in air strikes in the town of Sultanzai in Orakzai. US Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, met army chief General Ashfaq Kayani to discuss the new US Afghan war strategy.
    (AP, 12/15/09)(AFP, 12/16/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.A4)
2009        Dec 15, In the Philippines at least 9 communist rebels and one army soldier were killed in clashes as troops closed in on a guerrilla encampment in southern Bukidnon province.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, The Philippines' most active volcano oozed lava and shot up plumes of ash, forcing thousands of people to evacuate their homes and face the possibility of a bleak Christmas in a shelter. State volcanologists raised the alert level on the cone-shaped, 8,070-foot (2,460-meter) Mayon volcano overnight to two steps below a major eruption.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, In Sierra Leone a woman barred from running for chief of her district because of her gender said she has appealed for a new election and a place on the ballot. Elizabeth Kumba Simbiqa Torto said she wants a new election because she believes the officials' decision barring her from running in the Dec 5 Kono District election is discriminatory.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Sudanese officials said up to 48 opposition supporters will face charges for taking part in a banned rally close to parliament calling for democratic reforms.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 15, Credit Suisse confirmed that it was fined $536 million for helping Iran hide financial transactions.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.68)
2009        Dec 15, In Turkey two Kurds were killed in Bulanik after a shop-keeper fired on protesters.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.91)
2009        Dec 15, In Venezuela lawmakers loyal to President Hugo Chavez inaugurated a state-run radio station that replaces a previous broadcaster that sandwiched criticism of Venezuela's socialist leader between jazz and salsa music.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 15, Human Rights Watch issued a report condemning Yemeni security forces for abuses in the country's south, including the killing of at least 11 unarmed protestors during the past two years.
    (AFP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 16, Pres. Obama signed a $163.5 billion appropriations bill for labor, health and education that included the repeal of a 21-year-old ban on federal funding for local programs that supply clean needles for drug users.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A26) 
2009        Dec 16, The US Federal Trade Commission voted to sue Intel Corp. over its business practices, saying it engaged in anti-competitive behavior by abusing its dominant market position. Intel controlled over 80% of the CPU market and will face an administrative law judge in September.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 16, South Carolina lawmakers voted to formally rebuke Gov. Mark Sanford, sparing him from impeachment over secret trips to his Argentine mistress and his use of state planes.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 16, It was reported that nearly 40 people have been arrested in Virginia this week on charges of dealing heroin and prescription narcotics in the suburbs of Washington, DC.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A9)
2009        Dec 16, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom struck a deal with the US Navy to acquire Treasure Island for a guaranteed payment of $55 million over several years. Additional considerations could make the package worth over $105 million to the federal government.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 16, Bank of America’s board of directors chose banking chief Brian Moynihan to replace Ken Lewis as CEO on Jan 1.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 16, In Las Vegas, Nevada, the 76-acre CityCenter opened at a cost of around $8.5 billion. It was the largest privately funded construction project in America.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.5)(http://tinyurl.com/y8f6659)
2009        Dec 16, Roy Edward Disney (b.1930), the nephew of Walt Disney, died. His commitment to the Disney company led to executive regime changes (1984) and a revival of the studio’s legendary animation unit.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.C4)
2009        Dec 16, In Belarus the Nasha Niva independent newspaper said President Alexander Lukashenko has issued a decree to tighten state control over the Internet.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, The British board of the UK Payments Council, the body for setting payment strategy in Britain, agreed to set a target date of October 31, 2018 for winding up the check clearing system.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Dagestan, Russia, police killed three suspected militants in a clash.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Denmark police fired pepper spray and beat protesters with batons outside the UN climate conference, as disputes inside left major issues unresolved just two days before world leaders hope to sign a historic agreement to fight global warming.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, The 8-day Dubai Int’l. Film Festival (DIFF) closed.
2009        Dec 16, Egypt's antiquities chief said the wall paintings that caused a feud between Egypt and the Louvre Museum will be returned to their original location in a tomb in Luxor.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, France’s Finance Minister Christine Lagarde said France will follow Britain and slap a 50 percent tax on bankers' bonuses above 27,500 euros (40,000 dollars).
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Germany's new center-right government unveiled a 2010 budget that forecasts record debt and a 10.5 percent rise in spending.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Germany said it is donating euro60 million ($87 million) to a new endowment for Auschwitz-Birkenau to preserve barracks, gas chambers and other evidence of Nazi crimes at the former death camp in Poland. The donation is half the amount experts believe is needed to preserve the camp.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Ghana 3 alleged al-Qaeda associates were arrested in a sting operation on cocaine trafficking. Oumar Issa, Harouna Toure and Idriss Abelrahman were soon transferred to the US and on Dec 18 were charged with conspiring to engage in narco-terrorism.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A6)
2009        Dec 16, Lieutenant Aboubacar "Toumba" Diakite, a former aide to Guinean junta leader Moussa Dadis Camara confessed in an aired radio interview to shooting the Camara out of fear that he would be held to blame for the bloody quashing of a pro-democracy rally.
    (Reuters, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Indonesian police killed Kelly Kwalik (60), one of the most active Papuan rebel commanders, sparking angry protests in a region scarred by unrest and rights abuses. Police said they shot Kwalik after he threatened to open fire on them during a raid on a house in Timika. Kwalik commanded the Free Papua Movement (OPM) in southern Mimika district.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Iran test-fired an upgraded version of its most advanced missile, which is capable of hitting Israel and parts of Europe, in a new show of strength aimed at preventing any military strike against it amid the nuclear standoff with the West.
    (AP, 12/16/09)   
2009        Dec 16, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki said the Iraqi cabinet has approved a plan to offer rewards of up to 85,000 dollars for tip-offs about car bombs. A bomb attached to a car killed an Awakening Council member and injured two others in Madain, about 14 miles south of Baghdad. A bomb hidden inside a sack left in a minibus killed two passengers and wounded 6 others mid-afternoon in Baghdad's northern Kazimiyah neighborhood.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)(AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Mexico 200 sailors raided an upscale apartment complex and killed a reputed Mexican drug cartel chief in a two-hour gunbattle. Arturo Beltran Leyva, the "boss of bosses," and three members of his cartel were slain in the shootout in Cuernavaca. Beltran Levya was one of five brothers who split from the Sinaloa Cartel several years ago and aligned themselves with Los Zetas, a group of former soldiers hired by the rival Gulf Cartel as hit men. The severed heads of 6 state police investigators were found at a public plaza in Cuencame, Durango state.
    (AP, 12/17/09)(SFC, 12/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 16, In Myanmar 6 people were killed and 12 injured when a time bomb exploded in Karen state.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, Nigerian authorities announced the creation of five committees that will address oil, environmental and disarmament issues, following an amnesty in the southern Niger Delta.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, A Pakistani court struck down an amnesty protecting President Asif Ali Zardari and other politicians from possible prosecution for corruption.
    (Reuters, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, Papua New Guinea police shot dead Kelly Kwalik, one of the senior commanders of the Free Papua Movement (OPM).
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.49)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8415484.stm)
2009        Dec 16, In Paraguay President Fernando Lugo’s lawyer said Lugo has agreed to take a DNA test following a judicial request presented by Hortensia Damiana Moran (40), the third woman to claim he fathered her child.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Peru a storm-loosened wave of mud and rocks rolled through the streets of Ayacucho in the Peruvian Andes, killing at least 9 people while destroying homes and cars.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, Yegor Gaidar (53), Russian economist and former acting prime minister (1992), died at his Moscow-area home. He oversaw Russia's painful economic transition from communism to the free market in the 1990s.
    (AP, 12/16/09)(Econ, 12/19/09, p.149)
2009        Dec 16, South Africa's former health minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang (69) died. She gained notoriety for her dogged promotion of lemons, garlic and olive oil to treat AIDS.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In South Korea at least 14 elderly people were killed and 17 injured when their bus plunged off a mountain road.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, The Swiss government said it will take in one detainee from the US detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Vietnam said it has ordered submarines and fighter jets from Russia, its former communist ally, in a deal reportedly worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (AP, 12/16/09)

2009        Dec 17, The Obama administration handed out the first $182 million of a $7.2 billion pot of stimulus money that will go toward building high-speed Internet networks and encouraging more Americans to use them.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, The US Fish and Wildlife Service declared that attempts over the past two years to save the endangered Kootenai River white sturgeon had failed. An isolated population of the species lives along a stretch of the Kootenai that passes through Montana, northern Idaho and southern British Columbia. Fewer than 500 of the bottom-feeding behemoths survive. It's been 35 years since they successfully spawned due to the 1974 construction of Libby Dam.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 17, SF Mayor Newsom delivered a list of midyear cuts totaling $45 million. He still faced a $522 million deficit for 2010.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A15)
2009        Dec 17, In California the Sonoma Land Trust completed the $36 million purchase of 5,630 acres of coastal grasslands and redwood forest known as the Jenner Headlands.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 17, Xcor Aerospace of Mohave, Ca., the developer of a rocket plane for space tourism, said it has been selected to supply launch services to the Yecheon Astro Space Center, a nonprofit organization in South Korea.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A21)
2009        Dec 17, Cincinnati Bengals receiver Chris Henry (26) died in North Carolina, a day after falling out of the back of a pickup truck during what police said was a domestic dispute with his fiancee.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, In Kansas City, Mo., Chester Harvey Jr. (38), of Laddonia, and his son Chad Michael Harvey (19), of Eolia, tortured and killed James William Boyd McNeely (20) of Ohio in the trucker's basement with the help of several other people. On Dec 30 prosecutors filed for first-degree murder and other charges against the men.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 17, John Hummel stabbed his wife, Joy Hummel, 35 times, then beat to death his 5-year-old daughter Jodi Hummel and wheelchair-bound father-in-law Clyde Bedford with a baseball bat in the Fort Worth suburb of Kennedale. On June 30, 2021, Hummel was executed by lethal injection at the Texas state penitentiary in Huntsville.
    (https://tinyurl.com/fev5uxwh)(SFC, 7/2/21, p.A4)
2009        Dec 17, Jennifer Jones (90), film actress, died. She starred in over 2 dozen films and won an academy award  for her 1943 film “The Song of Bernadette."
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A24)
2009        Dec 17, In Afghanistan a key conference on corruption ended with delegates suggesting the government end immunity for corrupt officials and intensify the fight against graft. A suicide attacker wounded 5 Afghan soldiers and 4 tribal leaders in the central province of Uruzgan.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)(AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, In the Bahamas 2 US pilots were the only people aboard the small jet when it crashed in an unpopulated area of Great Inagua shortly after taking off from the Dominican Republic en route to Miami. The Jet Falcon was owned by a trust for which the San Francisco, California-based Wells Fargo company acts as trustee.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 17, Oxfam said some areas of East Africa had received less than 5% of the normal November rains and that many people are malnourished in Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia. It was the sixth failed rainy season for war-ravaged Somalia and the worst drought there for 20 years. The European Commission announced that it would immediately release an extra $75 million to fund emergency relief for drought-stricken areas of East Africa. It estimated that 16 million people will need aid in the coming months.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, Bolivia's leftist government was reported to have seized another big ranch from a top opposition figure. It said the 2,500-hectare (10-square-mile) spread will go to landless Indians. President Morales' government also confiscated a 500-hectare parcel from Osvaldo Monasterio, a banker and agribusinessman who owns the Unitel TV network.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, In Brazil a 2-year-old boy with 42 sewing needles stuck in him was airlifted to another hospital in northeastern Bahia state because two of the needles were close to his heart. A police official said Roberto Carlos Magalhaes, the boy's stepfather, had been arrested, that he had confessed to sticking the needles into the boy with the help of a woman and that authorities were investigating whether black magic was involved. On Dec 18 doctors removed 4 of the most life-threatening needles.
    (AP, 12/17/09)(SFC, 12/18/09, p.A5)(AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 17, Canada put its Candu nuclear division up for sale, saying the operation needed outside investors to boost its chances for growth at a time of expanding nuclear power generation and also help cut the cost to taxpayers.
    (Reuters, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, In Copenhagen US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton sought to put new life into flagging UN climate talks by announcing the US would join others in raising $100 billion a year by 2020 to help poorer nations cope with global warming.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, In Ingushetia, Russia, a suicide car bomber attacked a group of police and soldiers in Nazran, wounding at least 23 people. Also in Nazran 2 security officers were killed in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, Iranian forces took control of Well 4, a southern Iraqi oil well on a disputed section of the border in Maysan province. Well 4 lies in the Fauqa Field, part of a cluster of fields Iraq unsuccessfully put up for auction to oil majors in June. The field has estimated reserves of 1.55 million barrels. There have been a number of meetings in recent years aimed at reaching agreement on border fields, so far without success.
    (AFP, 12/18/09)(AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 17, In Iraq a car bomb exploded outside a popular restaurant in central Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding 16 as diners were out enjoying the start to their weekend.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, Off the coast of Lebanon a Panamanian-flagged cargo ship carrying thousands of sheep and other livestock went down in heavy rain. At least 9 crew members were killed and dozens were missing.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 17, Hannibal Kadhafi, the son of the Libyan leader, filed a civil lawsuit for "protection of personality" against the Swiss canton of Geneva and a local newspaper over the publication of police mugshots taken when he was arrested in Switzerland in July, 2008.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 17, Malaysian marine police rescued 62 pangolins. 2 days later Malaysian wildlife authorities said they rescued 130 pangolins and arrested two men attempting to smuggle the protected species. They were expected to be illegally exported to China, Japan and Hong Kong, where animal's meat is considered a delicacy with medicinal qualities.
    (AFP, 12/20/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pangolin)
2009        Dec 17, In Mexico four suspected drug traffickers and two local policemen were killed in a shootout with soldiers in General Zuazua. Soldiers found a list with names of local policemen who may have been on the payroll of the drug gang. They also found more than 1,320 pounds (600 kg) of marijuana and several guns at the scene.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 17, In New Zealand a church billboard was erected showing an apparently naked Virgin Mary and Joseph in bed together and quickly sparked the ire of conservative Christians. On the poster a sad-looking Joseph lies next to Mary, whose face is turned heavenwards under the words: "Poor Joseph. God was a hard act to follow." St Matthews' vicar, Archdeacon Glynn Cardy, said the billboard was meant to challenge stereotypes about the way Jesus was conceived.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, A Nigerian judge dismissed a 170-count indictment that accused former Delta state governor James Ibori, of corruption and money laundering. Ibori was also a financial backer of President Umaru Yar'Adua.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, Pakistan's defense minister was blocked from leaving the country along with nearly 250 other top officials, following the Supreme Court's decision to strike down an amnesty for hundreds of Pakistani officials charged with corruption. 2 separate US missile strikes killed 16 people in North Waziristan including Al-Qaida commander Zuhaib al-Zahibi.
    (AP, 12/18/09)(AFP, 12/17/09)(SFC, 12/18/09, p.A11)
2009        Dec 17, Former Syrian President Amin Hafez (b.1920) died. He was brought to power by a military coup only to be overthrown three years later. Hafez became president in a 1963 coup, but Baath Party radicals drove him from power three years later.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, The Vatican said Bishop Donal Murray (69), a Roman Catholic bishop in Ireland, has resigned after a probe of child sex abuse by clergymen accused him of ignoring reports of crimes by priests in his diocese from 1982-1996.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, The Vatican said it has stripped charismatic Zambian Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo of his priestly duties because he defiantly continues to ordain bishops despite already being excommunicated. Milingo angered the Vatican when he got married in 2001 to a South Korean woman by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon of the Unification Church. He was excommunicated in 2006 after installing four married men as bishops.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 17, Yemen security forces struck several al-Qaida hideouts and training sites in Abyan province, killing up to 34 suspected militants, including four would-be suicide bombers who planned attacks at home and abroad. At least 17 suspected militants were arrested. Civilians were caught up in the government offensive, with several homes destroyed in the airstrikes and others stormed by troops who mistook them for al-Qaida hideouts.
    (AP, 12/17/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.35)

2009        Dec 18, US bank regulators shut down 7 banks including 2 in California. This brought to 140 the number of US banks closed down to the weak economy and mounting loan defaults.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A5)
2009        Dec 18, SF Controller Ben Rosenfield released an audit that said Office Deport had overcharged the city of at least $5.75 million worth of office supplies over 4½ years. Office Depot was beset by overcharging allegations across the country.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.C1)
2009        Dec 18, General Motors Co. said it will shut down Saab after talks to sell the brand to a Dutch carmaker collapsed, marking the third time this year that a deal by GM to sell an unwanted brand has fallen through.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, In Cambodia a tribunal charged Khieu Samphan, the Khmer Rouge's 78-year-old former head of state, with genocide, adding new momentum to long-delayed trials against the brutal regime that ruled Cambodia 30 years ago (1975-1979).
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, In China an environmental group backed by the government said it had won two lawsuits on behalf of residents threatened by pollution, marking the first time such an organization has been allowed to file a public interest case.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, Wu Ying (28), a Chinese businesswoman, was sentenced to death for cheating investors out of $56 million, the latest case in the country's struggle against widespread corruption. She started out a decade ago with a single beauty salon but eventually built up a holding group, Bense Holdings, that was known around the country. A report said Wu collected the $56 million from investors over two years and was arrested in 2007. In 2012 China's high court overturned the death sentence on Wu Ying and ordered the high court in eastern China's Zhejiang province to retry her case.
    (AP, 12/18/09)(AFP, 4/20/12)
2009        Dec 18, Dominica held elections. PM Roosevelt Skerrit, who has led his small Caribbean country into an alliance with Hugo Chavez, was betting that the early general elections will keep his Labor Party in power for another five years.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, The European Medicines Agency (EMEA) recommended the withdrawal of all medicines containing benfluorex, a diabetes and weight-loss drug, in the European Union. In 2010 French officials said the drug, marketed as mediator, may have been linked to the deaths of 500 people over the 33 years it was on the market. Fenfluramine, a related drug, had been withdrawn from the market in 1997 after reports of heart valve disease, pulmonary hypertension, and development of cardiac fibrosis.
    (SFC, 11/17/10, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benfluorex)
2009        Dec 18, A French judge filed preliminary charges against former Pres. Jacques Chirac over allegations that Paris City Hall paid for jobs in his political party when was mayor, part of a financing scandal that has long dogged the man who for decades dominated French politics.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, A Paris court ruled that Google Inc. is breaking French law with its policy of digitizing books, handing the US Internet giant a euro10,000 ($14,300)-a-day fine until it rids its database of the literary extracts.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, India said it has withdrawn 30,000 soldiers from Kashmir as rebel attacks decreased over the past two years. Hundreds of thousands are believed to remain in the heavily militarized region also claimed by Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, Iranian forces took control of Well 4, a southern Iraqi oil well on a disputed section of the border. Well 4 lies in the Fauqa Field, part of a cluster of fields Iraq unsuccessfully put up for auction to oil majors in June. The field has estimated reserves of 1.55 million barrels. There have been a number of meetings in recent years aimed at reaching agreement on border fields, so far without success.
    (AFP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, Kenya was said to be steadily losing the democratic gains it has made in recent years as human rights abuses increase and perpetrators aren't held accountable according to the Release Political Prisoners Trust, a human rights watchdog.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, Mexican police found six bullet-ridden, decomposing bodies near a highway leading to a Mexican resort on the Gulf of California. The six men were found half-buried on a dirt road off the highway frequently used by tourists from Arizona to reach the Puerto Penasco resort, widely known as Rocky Point. Gunmen killed Pedro Picasso (34), assistant football coach of Mexico first-division team Indios, in the border city Ciudad Juarez. A 2nd, unidentified person also died in the shooting at a cell phone shop. The bound and burned bodies of 8 men were found in the central Mexico state of Queretaro. Gunmen killed four police officers in a series of attacks on patrol cars in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Police captured Jesus Basilio Araujo, also known by the nickname "The Chicken," a suspected lieutenant of the Beltran Leyva drug cartel linked to more than 109 execution-style killings.
    (AP, 12/18/09)(AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 18, In Nigeria fresh clashes began between farmers and nomads leaving at least 32 people killed  and scores of houses were burnt in central Nassarawa State.
    (AFP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 18, In Pakistan an anti-corruption court in the southern city of Karachi issued summons to 52 suspects, including Interior Minister Rehman Malik and presidential secretary Salman Farooqi, to appear before the judge on Jan. 8. In the northwest a suicide car bomber detonated his explosives near a mosque inside a police compound in the Lower Dir region, killing 10 people, mostly police. A suspected US drone fired 3 missiles at a house in North Waziristan, killing three militants and injuring two others.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, In Poland the Nazis' infamous iron sign declaring "Arbeit Macht Frei," German for "Work Sets You Free," was stolen from the entrance of the former Auschwitz death camp. On Feb 2, 2010, a Polish court issued a European arrest warrant for former neo-Nazi leader Anders Hogstrom (34) of Sweden, on suspicion of incitement to commit theft of a cultural treasure. Hogstrom was arrested in Stockholm on Feb 11.
    (AP, 12/18/09)(SFC, 2/3/10, p.A2)(AP, 2/11/10)
2009        Dec 18, South Korea's military said it was investigating a hacking attack that netted secret defense plans with the US and may have been carried out by North Korea.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, South Korean trucks crossed into North Korea delivering enough doses of antiviral drugs for 500,000 North Koreans. An estimated 50 people in North Korea have died of swine flu since November. Han Su Chol, a North Korean health minister, expressed thanks.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A4)
2009        Dec 18, The UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) said an estimated 74,000 Africans, mainly from Ethiopia and Somalia, have fled to Yemen as refugees or economic migrants. That's a 50 percent higher than in 2008.
    (AP, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, Aminatou Haidar, a Western Sahara independence activist, returned home after a 32-day hunger strike at a Spanish airport, defusing a diplomatic spat between Spain and Morocco and potentially strengthening separatist campaigners.
    (Reuters, 12/18/09)
2009        Dec 18, Zimbabwe, for years plagued by hyper inflation, presented official data showing it has switched narrowly into an absolute price fall on a monthly basis, following adoption of foreign currencies.
    (AFP, 12/18/09)

2009        Dec 19, Sen. Ben Nelson of Nebraska agreed to provide the 60th and deciding vote for sweeping health care legislation in the Senate, capping a year of struggle and a final burst of deadline bargaining on President Barack Obama's top domestic priority.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai unveiled his choice of cabinet, reflecting a need to please all his backers from warlords to Washington and commit to clean government. Out of the 23 nominations, only one woman was put forward, to head the Ministry for Women's Affairs.
    (AFP, 12/19/09)(AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 19, Four passenger trains broke down in the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France, stranding more than 2,000 passengers for hours, many without heating, light or water. Fatigued passengers arrived in London 10 hours late after a long night trapped on trains. The problem began because of the abrupt temperature change when trains traveled through extremely cold air in France and then entered the warm tunnel.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, Cambodia sent back to China 20 Uighur Muslims who had fled China after deadly ethnic rioting and sought asylum in Cambodia, even though rights groups feared they faced persecution and possibly execution there. 2 other Uighurs who had been with the group were missing.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, In Denmark the 13-day UN climate conference ended. It narrowly escaped collapse by agreeing to recognize a political accord brokered by President Barack Obama with China and other emerging powers. A plan to protect the world's biologically rich tropical forests was shelved after world leaders failed to agree on a binding deal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A small group of nations blocked the Copenhagen Accord, because it lacks specific targets for reducing carbon emissions. After a break, the conference president gaveled the decision to "take note" of the agreement instead of formally approving it. Experts said that clears the way for the accord to become operational in practice even though it has not been formally approved by the conference. Several developing countries, including Bolivia, Cuba, Sudan and Venezuela, bitterly protested the deal and said it is unacceptable because it lacks specific targets for reducing carbon emissions.
    (AP, 12/19/09)(SSFC, 12/20/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 19, The European Union opened its borders unrestricted to more than ten million Serbs, Montenegrins and Macedonians after nearly 20 years, a major boost for the troubled region's hopes for closer ties with the 27-nation bloc.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, In Georgia a woman and her 8-year-old daughter were killed when a World War II memorial was intentionally blown up in Kutaisi. The 46-meter (150-foot) concrete and bronze war memorial stood on the proposed site for a new parliament building.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, Hundreds of supporters of a slain Papuan rebel leader Kelly Kwalik pelted Indonesian police with stones as tensions flared ahead of the commander's funeral.
    (AFP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, Iran's hard-line judiciary acknowledged for the first time that at least 3 prisoners detained after June's disputed presidential election were beaten to death by their jailers. The judiciary said 12 officials at Kahrizak prison were charged, three of them with murder.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, An Iraqi official said a mass grave discovered in northeast Iraq contains dozens of bodies, mostly of women and children, believed killed during a crackdown against Kurds by former dictator Saddam Hussein. The grave was originally found nearly two years ago west of Kirkuk, though its discovery was only made public this week after forensic pathologists began examining it.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, Iraqi troops massed near an oil well on the border in a standoff with Iranian forces that seized control of the site in a sudden flare up of tension between the two uneasy neighbors.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19-2009 Dec 20, In Israel parts of a 2000 interview were broadcast on Channel 2 TV over the weekend describing how forensic pathologists in the 1990s harvested organs from dead bodies, including Palestinians, without permission of their families. The Israeli military confirmed that the practice took place and said it had stopped in 2000.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 19, Lebanon's PM Saad Hariri, who has blamed neighboring Syria for the assassination of his father, visited Damascus for the first time since the 2005 killing, a trip that a close associate said was extremely difficult for him to make.
    (AP, 12/19/09)
2009        Dec 19, In eastern Mauritania an Italian, Sergio Cicala and his wife, Philopene Kabore, were missing and their car was found abandoned, near the border with Mali. On Dec 21 police arrested Abderrahmane Ould Imidou, a man presumed to have kidnapped the two Italians.
    (Reuters, 12/19/09)(AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 19, Mexican authorities announced that Salomon Tagle, a suspect in the high-profile 2005 kidnapping of businessman Hugo Alberto Wallace, has been taken into custody in Mexico. Tagle was expelled from the Dominican Republic flown to Mexico, where he was taken into custody on kidnapping charges. Wallace’s mother, Maria Isabel Miranda, frustrated with investigators' lack of progress in her son's case, had launched her own probe and a public campaign to press for justice.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 19, Nigerian militants said they had carried out their first attack on an oil pipeline since an amnesty offer because the absence of Pres. Yar'Adua was delaying peace talks. A truck carrying bags of cement crushed and killed at least 55 people when the driver lost control and ran into a crowd on a road in Dekina, in central Kogi state.
    (Reuters, 12/19/09)(AFP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 19, A 6.4-magnitude quake was centered off the eastern coast of Taiwan. 14 people were injured and with minor damage in Taipei as well as near the epicenter.
    (AP, 12/19/09)

2009        Dec 20, The US Justice Dept. said the US has transferred 12 Guantanamo detainees back to their home countries, including 4 to Afghanistan, 2 to Somaliland, and 6 to Yemen.
    (SFC, 12/21/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 20, A slow-moving storm that blanketed swaths of the mid-Atlantic with nearly 2 feet of snow reached southern New England in a weekend assault along the East Coast that caused at least 5 deaths, crippled travel and left empty stores normally crammed with holiday shoppers.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Brittany Murphy (32), star of films such as "Clueless" and "8 Mile," died after collapsing at her Hollywood Hills home. Paramedics tried to revive her, but she was pronounced dead at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 20, In Afghanistan 8 insurgents were killed in southern Helmand province, 6 in Ghazni in the east, 7 in northern Kunduz province, 2 in Kandahar province in the south and one in Wardak, west of Kabul. The joint Afghan-international force killed several militants after coming under fire while searching a compound in Wardak province. In eastern Nangarhar province a civilian was killed and 2 were injured when their vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 20, Tens of thousands of European travelers were stranded in rail stations, traffic jams and airports as heavy snow and ice caused massive disruption at the start of the Christmas holiday season.
    (AGFP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri (87), Iran's most senior dissident cleric, died. He had emerged as the spiritual father of the reform movement.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Iraqi oil workers returned to the disputed oil well No. 4 in southern Iraq that was seized by Iranian forces Dec 17. Baghdad also confirmed that Iranian troops left the well.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki opened a landmark visit to Egypt in what aides described as an ambitious attempt to improve relations with one of the Arab world's most powerful players.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Italian state-run and private television stations said a third Tunisian detainee from Guantanamo Bay is being moved to Italy to face international terrorism charges for having allegedly recruited fighters for Afghanistan. He was identified as Moez Ben Abdelkader Fezzani (40), also known as Abou Nassim.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Four of the world's last known 8 northern white rhinos landed in Kenya and were transported to a game park. No white rhinos are known to remain in the wild, and the animals transported have produced no offspring after nearly 24 years in a Czech zoo. Officials hoped the endangered mammals will reproduce and save their subspecies. Two northern whites remained behind; two others are in San Diego.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, In Malawi a 6.0 earthquake destroyed several buildings in the southeastern Karonga district, killing at least three people and injuring about 200.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, In Nepal hundreds of riot police used tear gas and batons as they clashed with Maoist protesters in Kathmandu during the first day of a three-day general strike.
    (AFP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Dutch sports carmaker Spyker said it has made a new bid for Sweden's Saab Automobile, two days after General Motors said it would close the loss-making unit.
    (AFP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, In Nigeria 12 people were burned to death when the two vehicles they were traveling in collided and burst into flames at Sabongida-Tasharanda in Bauchi State. A separate crash in neighboring Gombe State killed 9 people and injured five others in a head-on collision between a commuter bus and a car at Lafiyawo village.
    (AFP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 20, Polish police found the "Arbeit macht frei" metal sign that had hung over the former  Auschwitz Nazi death camp. It was cut in 3 pieces and hidden under snow. 5 men were detained for stealing it and police said the suspects were common thieves, not neo-Nazis.
    (Reuters, 12/21/09)(AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 20, A Russian Soyuz TMA-17 rocket blasted off from a cosmodrome in Kazakhstan carrying an American, a Russian and a Japanese astronaut to the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 12/21/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 20, In Somalia Islamic militants fired mortars into Mogadishu's police compound as the force was celebrating its 66th anniversary, sparking a battle that killed at least 12 civilians and a police officer.
    (AP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, Sudan’s Parliament passed a new law curbing the powers of the intelligence services, although former southern rebels and some opposition parties rejected the move as not going far enough.
    (AFP, 12/20/09)
2009        Dec 20, In Taiwan tens of thousands of opposition demonstrators marched through the streets of the central Taichung, ahead of the arrival of a senior Chinese envoy for trade talks that some on the island fear could eventually lead to unification. They condemned a pact the government wanted to sign with China, formally known as the Economic Co-operation Framework Agreement (ECFA).
    (AP, 12/20/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.32)

2009        Dec 21, The Obama administration took aim at tarmac horror stories, ordering airlines to let passengers stuck in stranded airplanes to disembark after three hours.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, Senate Democrats won a crucial test vote on President Barack Obama's health care overhaul, putting them on track for passage before Christmas of the historic legislation to remake the nation's medical system and cover 30 million uninsured.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In Alaska an oil spill was discovered coming from a 6-inch pipeline in the Prudhoe Bay oil field.
    (SFC, 12/23/09, p.A8)
2009        Dec 21, In Afghanistan police fought a three-hour gunbattle in the center of Gardez, Paktia province, finally killing two Taliban militants who stormed a multistory market with dozens of civilians inside.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In Cambodia Ieng Thirith, the last of the former Khmer Rouge leaders standing trial for alleged crimes committed three decades ago, was charged with genocide. The ultracommunist regime's social affairs minister and the wife of another defendant, Ieng Sary, had earlier been charged with crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, Cambodia signed 14 deals worth an estimated $850 million with China, two days after defying international pressure by deporting 20 ethnic Chinese asylum-seekers, underlining growing trade and diplomatic links.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, China and France hailed their reinvigorated ties and sealed a series of economic deals during a visit to Beijing by PM Francois Fillon. Electricite de France (EDF) and China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company (CGNPC) formalized their joint venture for the construction of two nuclear reactors at a power plant in Taishan in southern Guangdong province. French aerospace and defense industries group Safran and US conglomerate General Electric won a multi-billion-dollar contract to equip China's future C919 passenger jet with engines.
    (AFP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In Colombia at least 10 men in military uniforms abducted Gov. Luis Francisco Cuellar (69) from his home in Florencia, capital of the southern state of Caqueta, killing a police guard and blasting open the governor's door with explosives. FARC was believed to be responsible. Cuellar’s body, still clad in pajamas, was found lying at the top of a steep hill on Florencia's outskirts the next morning. President Alvaro Uribe soberly told Colombians that kidnappers had slit the throat of the southern governor.
    (AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 21, Eurostar halted services for a third day to probe a breakdown of trains through the Channel Tunnel that stranded thousands, prompting an angry French government to demand an explanation and call its own inquiry. President Nicolas Sarkozy summoned the head of the French train authority to the Elysee Palace and ordered him to get the Eurostar moving again after a three-day suspension of the cross-Channel train service that has wreaked havoc on the holiday travel plans of some 40,000 people. The death toll from winter storms across Europe rose to at least 80 as transport chaos spread amid mounting anger over the failure of high-speed trains.
    (AP, 12/21/09)(AFP, 12/21/09)(Reuters, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, It was reported that gunmen in Guatemala have killed more than 170 bus drivers this year to scare them and transportation companies into paying extortion fees that fuel the country's multimillion-dollar organized crime network.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In India Riona Wines, based in western Maharashtra state, the country's grape-growing centre, signed investment agreements with Italian vintners Moncaro and Enzo Mecella.
    (AFP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 21,  Tens of thousands of Iranian mourners turned the funeral procession of the country's most senior dissident cleric into an anti-government protest, chanting "death to the dictator" and slogans in support of the opposition amid heavy security.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber attacked the convoy of a Tel Afar city council chief, killing Hussein Akrash and three guards.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, Mexico City lawmakers made the city the first in Latin America to legalize same-sex marriage, a change that will give homosexual couples more rights, including allowing them to adopt children.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, In Mexico construction began on the Palace of the Maya Civilization Museum in Yucatan state.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A22)
2009        Dec 21, A Pakistani court in Lahore ordered the noses and ears of two men cut off after they did the same thing to a young woman whose family spurned one of the men's marriage proposal. Sher Mohammad and a friend, Amanat Mohammad, were accused of kidnapping the woman and cutting off her ears and nose in late September in the Raiwind area of Lahore.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 21, In Somalia a bomb blast and a separate mortar attack on a radio station in Mogadishu killed eight people.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, The UN accused the Ugandan-based Lord's Resistance Army of killing, mutilating and raping villagers in Sudan and Congo in what may have been crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 12/21/09)
2009        Dec 21, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe and his rival PM Morgan Tsvangirai announced an agreement on commissions to drive media and electoral reforms, one of the key issues which has been threatening their power-sharing deal.
    (AP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 22, The Obama administration announced that Howard Schmidt is the president's choice to be his cyber security coordinator.
2009        Dec 22, A US federal appeals court ordered Microsoft Corp. to stop selling its Word program in January and pay a Canadian software company $290 million for violating a patent, upholding the judgment of a lower court. Toronto-based i4i Inc. sued Microsoft in 2007, saying it owned the technology behind a tool in the popular word processing program.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Parker Griffith (b.1942), a Democratic congressman from Alabama, announced that he was switching parties to become a Republican.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.32)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parker_Griffith)
2009        Dec 22, In Afghanistan 4 militants were killed in two separate operations. In the Qarabagh district of Ghazni province, 3 insurgents were killed by a joint Afghan-international force. An Afghan army and police patrol killed a militant suspected of making bombs in Zabul province. In Kandahar province, 2 civilians were killed and 3 wounded when a roadside mine explosion hit their vehicle.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 22, The EU Court of Human Rights said Bosnia’s constitution discriminates against Jews and Roma because it does not allow them to run for parliament of president. Only Bosnians, Serbs and Croats are allowed to run for those offices.
    (SFC, 12/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 22, Budget airline EasyJet cancelled about 180 flights due both to the "significant snowfall" and airport closures across Britain, in a fresh blow to passengers hoping to travel for the Christmas holidays.
    (AFP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Chinese local media reported that a man who killed and ate what may have been the last wild Indochinese tiger in China was sentenced to 12 years in jail. Kang Wannian, a villager from Mengla, Yunnan Province, met the tiger in February while gathering freshwater clams in a nature reserve near China's border with Laos. He claimed to have killed it in self-defense.
    (Reuters, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Egypt confirmed it is engaged in construction along its border with Gaza but said it is not building what some reports have said is a steel wall to block cross-border smuggling.
    (Reuters, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, An Ethiopian court sentenced five people to death, including Berhanu Nega, an Ethiopian professor teaching at a US university, and 33 to life in prison for being members of a terror group and conspiring to assassinate government officials. Nega, an exiled opposition leader, was elected mayor of Addis Ababa in 2005. Berhanu and more than 100 other opposition politicians were arrested after the 2005 election and put on trial for treason. Berhanu and others were pardoned and freed after 20 months, but the government last week revoked Berhanu's pardon.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Eurostar resumed its high-speed rail service linking Britain, France and Belgium after a three-day suspension that stranded tens of thousands of holiday travelers.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Hansjoerg Haber, EU monitoring mission chief, said Russia has failed to fully observe an EU-brokered peace deal that ended last year's war with Georgia. He said Russia has not met an obligation to withdraw its forces to positions held before the August 2008 conflict.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 22, The Pan American Development Foundation reported that poverty has forced at least 225,000 children in Haiti's cities into slavery as unpaid household servants, far more than previously thought.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Iran's president dismissed a year-end deadline set by the Obama administration and the West for Tehran to accept a UN-drafted deal to swap enriched uranium for nuclear fuel, and claimed his government is now "10 times stronger" than a year ago. A state television Web site said Pres. Ahmadinejad had appointed a new chief of the Art Academy, removing opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi from the post. In southern Iran police shot dead two relatives of convicts during a melee that erupted at a public execution. Relatives, who came to watch the hanging of two convicts, started a scuffle, prompting the police to open fire.
    (AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 12/23/09)(AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 22, American Airlines Flight 331 carrying 154 people skidded across a Jamaican runway in heavy rain, bouncing across the tarmac and injuring more than 40 people before it stopped just short of the Caribbean Sea.
    (AP, 12/23/09)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 22, Lithuania said it may have hosted two 'war on terror' lock-ups used by American agents to interrogate suspected Al-Qaeda members. Arvydas Anusauskas, the head of an inquiry commission, said the first project was developed from 2002 and that a 2nd site was created in 2004. The probe found that five CIA-linked aircraft landed on Lithuanian soil from 2003 to 2006. Two touched down in Vilnius on February 3, 2003, and October 6, 2005. In the second case, border guards were barred from checking the plane. Three other aircraft landed at Palanga, on the Baltic coast, around 330 km from Vilnius, on January 2 and February 18, 2005, and March 25, 2006.
    (AFP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, In Mexico assailants gunned down the mother, aunt and siblings of Melquisedet Angulo (30), a marine killed in the Dec 16 raid that took out Arturo Beltran Leyva, one of Mexico's most powerful cartel leaders. This sent a chilling message to troops battling the drug war: You go after us, we wipe out your families. Gunmen sprayed bullets at a restaurant in Piedras Negras where the mayor of a Texas border town was eating with a Mexican state attorney general and other officials. A woman leaving the building was killed. Journalist Alberto Velazquez of the newspaper Expresiones de Tulum was gunned down this week as he left a holiday party in the Mexican Caribbean resort town of Tulum, bringing to 12 the number of reporters killed this year in the country.
    (AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 12/25/09)
2009        Dec 22, Pakistani Taliban commander Hakimullah Mehsud urged his fighters not to stir trouble in North Waziristan, apparently in the hope of securing sanctuary in a region that is dominated by militants who have signed a truce with the government. A suicide bomber struck outside a press club in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing three people and wounding 17.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, In Puerto Rico Gov. Luis Fortuno signed legislation that lowered the blood alcohol limit for drivers ages 18 to 20 to .02% from the standard .08% that applies to all other drivers on the US island.
    (AP, 12/22/09)
2009        Dec 22, Saudi Arabia said that 73 Saudis have been killed and 26 gone missing since the kingdom launched an offensive against Yemeni Shiite rebels along the border last month. Rebels, known as Hawthis, have alleged dozens of civilian deaths in Saudi air assaults.
    (SFC, 12/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 22, Spain's Christmas lottery showered hundreds of thousand of euros (dollars) in prize money on the country's capital. The top prize of the lottery, ranked among the world's richest, went to holders of tickets bearing the number 78294. The number appears on 1,950 tickets, and each holder stood to win euro300,000 ($430,000).
    (AP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 23, The White House said President Obama has removed Madagascar, Guinea and Niger from a list of African countries receiving trade benefits, but reinstated Mauritania. The US froze most aid to Niger and imposed travel bans on some officials in response to President Mamadou Tandja's moves to extend his rule over the impoverished West African nation.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)(Reuters, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, US auto giant Ford said it had agreed the main terms for selling its Swedish brand Volvo Cars to Chinese carmaker Geely, in a deal set to underline China's growing economic clout.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, In Alaska a 123-foot tug boat hit Bligh Reef, the same reef that damaged the Exxon Valdez in 1989. Over the next few days 49,000 gallons of diesel fuel were salvaged from the tug. It was unknown ho much fuel was spilled.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A10)
2009        Dec 23, In Afghanistan Mohammad Yunos Shirnagha, a lawmaker from northern Baghlan province, was killed as he returned home in an early morning shootout between his bodyguards and police officers. In Helmand province a bomb killed three civilians and wounded five people, including a soldier. A Taliban commander responsible for several roadside bomb attacks was killed in a clash with Afghan and international forces in Zurmat district of Paktia province in the southeast. A Canadian soldier was killed in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AP, 12/23/09)(AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 23, Australian officials said residents were "fleeing for their lives" as savage wildfires blazed out of control in South Australia, with several homes destroyed and more under threat.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, Britain banned several drugs known as "legal highs" amid mounting public concern about their health risks. Substances including chemical solvent GBL, often used by nightclub-goers, and BZP, a stimulant similar to amphetamine, are now illegal, as are herbal smoking products containing man-made chemicals such as "Spice."
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, China sentenced Phurbu Tsering Rinpoche (53), a respected Tibetan lama, to 8 1/2 years in jail for illegal land occupation and ammunition possession, possibly the first senior Buddhist leader tried on serious charges linked to riots in 2008 in the Tibetan capital. He was arrested May 18, 2008, just days after more than 80 nuns in Ganzi held a demonstration against an official campaign to impose "patriotic re-education" on their convents.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 23, In China the Balinghe River bridge opened in Guizhou province. It was the 3rd highest road bridge in the world and featured the 2nd longest span length with a distance between towers of 3,570 feet.
2009        Dec 23, Thousands of Eurostar passengers anxious to get away for Christmas battled for train places out of London as heavy rains and freezing conditions sparked yet more travel chaos across Europe.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, Georgia's Foreign Ministry reached a deal with Russia to open a border crossing that has been closed for three years. The two sides agreed during Swiss-brokered talks that the Verkhny Lars transit point will open in March.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 23, Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the Nobel-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), said India had to curb its high-polluting coal consumption in the near future or risk burning through its reserves.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)   
2009        Dec 23, In Iran security forces in Isfahan clashed with opposition protesters gathered for a memorial for Iran's most senior dissident cleric, beating men and women and firing tear gas.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, In northern Iraq a bomb targeting the Mar Toma Church (Church of St. Thomas) killed 2 men and damaged the historic building in Mosul, a day before Christmas Eve services that will be heavily guarded for fear of more attacks on the country's Christian minority. Gunmen stormed a checkpoint in Abu Ghraib, west of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi police officers. A bomb planted on a minibus killed two people and injured five in a Shiite neighborhood in north Baghdad. In East Baghdad a bomb struck Shiite pilgrims marching toward Karbala killing 3 people. Saud al-Essawi, a Sunni Arab candidate for Iraqi parliamentary elections, and his two bodyguards were killed when a magnetic "sticky bomb" attached to his car exploded in Fallujah. Another bomb in Fallujah targeted an Anbar University professor but missed and killed the man's brother.
    (AP, 12/23/09)(AFP, 12/23/09)(SFC, 12/24/09, p.A3)
2009        Dec 23, Greece planned to adopt a crisis budget in a bid to bring order to its chaotic public finances and restore its badly dented credibility with foreign investors and the EU.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, In Italy an unusually high tide flooded most of Venice, forcing tourists and residents to wade through knee-high waters or take to improvised, elevated boardwalks set up in St. Mark's Square and other landmarks.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, Italian carmaker Fiat became a majority owner of Serbian car manufacturer Zastava with a 67% stake.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.39)(http://tinyurl.com/yd2lccd)
2009        Dec 23, Japanese whalers and militant conservationists clashed in the Antarctic Ocean over two days, with weapons including water cannon, blinding lasers and bottles of rancid acid.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, It was reported that Lebanon's drug-producing heartland is back in business with a resurgence of marijuana and poppy fields, challenging the country's underpowered security forces and adding another dimension to Israel's war with Hezbollah militants.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, A Mexican military Bell 212 helicopter crashed in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, killing an air force sergeant and seriously injuring two soldiers. US officials recently delivered five Bell helicopters of a different model to Mexico as part of the "Merida Initiative" for aiding the Mexican campaign to curb drug trafficking.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, In northern Nigeria a truck packed with cattle and people collided with a car, killing 18 people and injuring 22 others in the town of Talata Mafara.
    (AFP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 23, In Pakistan the Taliban blew up a girls' school overnight in the Khyber district, where troops are fighting against militants in the tribal region bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, In northern Peru a 60-year-old woman was trampled to death by a surging crowd at a Christmas giveaway in Chimbote.
    (AP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, Nestle, the Swiss-based food giant, said Zimbabwean government officials and police had made an "unannounced visit" to the plant on Dec 19, forcing staff to take delivery of a tanker of milk from non-contracted suppliers. "Since under such circumstances normal operations and the safety of employees are no longer guaranteed, Nestle decided to temporarily shut down the factory."
    (AFP, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, The UN Security Council voted to renew the mandate of peacekeeping forces in Congo by 5 months instead of the usual year amid plans to overhaul their role in the war-torn country.
    (Reuters, 12/23/09)
2009        Dec 23, The UN Security Council imposed an arms embargo on Eritrea and pledged to slap financial and travel restrictions on its leaders for arming Islamist militants in Somalia.
    (SFC, 12/24/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 24, Senate Democrats passed a landmark health care bill in a climactic Christmas Eve vote that could define President Barack Obama's legacy and usher in near-universal medical coverage for the first time in the country's history.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Arkansas 2 men shot and killed Philip wise, a Salvation Army major, in front of his 3 young children in North Little Rock.
    (SFC, 12/26/09, p.A10)
2009        Dec 24, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber with a horse and cart detonated himself in Kandahar, killing 8 people and wounding 5.
    (AFP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, David Goldman, a New Jersey man, and his 9-year-old son, Sean Goldman, were reunited in Brazil after a five-year international custody battle, and immediately headed home to spend the holidays in the US.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In China the Xinjiang government said five people were convicted of "extremely serious crimes" and sentenced in separate trials on Dec 22 and Dec 23 in the regional capital of Urumqi.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In southern India police with bamboo batons clashed with crowds of protesters as outrage over a delay in creating a new state (Telangana) erupted into violent demonstrations in several cities in Andhra Pradesh. Over 40 people were feared dead after the bridge under construction over the Chambal river collapsed on the outskirts of Kota city in western Rajasthan state. 12 bodies were recovered and 30 others remained missing.
    (AP, 12/24/09)(AFP, 12/25/09)(AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Iran local media reported that the central bank has warned people not to write on banknotes and sought to collect defaced ones after the appearance of opposition slogans on many.
    (AFP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Iraq explosions killed at least 26 people across the country, most of them Shiite pilgrims taking part in a holy mourning ceremony. Twin explosions targeting Shiite Muslim pilgrims in Hillah killed at least 13 people and injured 74 others. In Baghdad a bomb targeting a funeral killed nine and wounded 33 in Sadr City. In a southern Baghdad neighborhood, a bomb killed four Shiite pilgrims and wounded 10 others on their way to Karbala.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, About 200 Israeli teenagers soon to be drafted sent a letter to Israel's defense minister, saying they won't enforce any military orders to dismantle settlements in the West Bank because that violates Jewish law. An Israeli settler was shot dead when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on his vehicle in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/24/09)(AFP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, Two former aides to Japanese PM Yukio Hatoyama were charged with falsifying reports of campaign contributions, dashing the promise of the leader who vowed to usher in a new, cleaner era in the country's politics. Dead and false contributors were found on the list of Hatoyama’s campaign donors.
    (AP, 12/24/09)(Econ, 10/25/14, p.44)
2009        Dec 24, In Morocco heavy rains and gale force winds battered parts of the country, killing at least five people and flooding large parts of the northern city of Tangiers.
    (AFP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck a neighborhood home to government buildings and a church in Peshawar, killing four people and underscoring that militant groups retain strength despite being under siege by the army.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Peru a bus carrying mostly Quechua farmers and merchants home for Christmas plunged 250 feet (80 meters) into a ravine in the southern Andes, killing 42 people and injuring at least eight.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, In the Philippines 3 floating bodies were found as search-and-rescue teams combed the waters of Manila Bay for at least 24 people missing after a passenger ferry collided with a fishing boat.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev ordered reform of the country's Interior Ministry, saying it was a necessary response to police abuses that have angered Russians and eroded public trust in the government.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, Witnesses in Somalia said fighting spurred by a land dispute in Galkayo has killed eight people.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, A delegation headed by Chadian Foreign Minister Moussa Faki Mahamat met Sudanese Omar al-Beshir and helped restore trust between the neighbors.
    (AFP, 12/25/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Suriname rioting and attacks began against migrant workers leaving at least seven foreign migrants dead, hundreds more homeless and a border town in ashes. The riots in Albina began after a Brazilian allegedly stabbed a local man to death and have made the area uninhabitable for an estimated 300 people who fled.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 24, Taiwanese prosecutors indicted former President Chen Shui-bian on new bribery and money-laundering charges. The new indictment said Chen received bribes worth 610 million New Taiwan Dollars ($19 million) from bankers in connection with two merger deals. It said he shared part of the money with his wife, Wu Shu-chen.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, Turkish police detained 31 people, including eight Kurdish mayors, in a sweeping dawn operation targeting Kurdish separatists.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, At the Vatican a woman jumped a barrier and rushed at Pope Benedict XVI (82) for the second time in two years, managing to knock him down before being pulled away by security. The Vatican identified the woman involved as Susanna Maiolo (25), a Swiss-Italian national with psychiatric problems, who was immediately taken to a clinic for treatment. The pope was unhurt but retired Vatican diplomat, French Cardinal Roger Etchegaray (87), fractured his hip in the commotion.
    (AP, 12/25/09)
2009        Dec 24, In Venezuela Rafael Antonio Caldera (b.1916), former two-time president (1969-1974 and 1994-1999), died. He is considered as one of the founders of Venezuelan democracy (1958) after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 12/24/09)
2009        Dec 24, Yemeni forces, backed by US intelligence, struck a series of suspected al-Qaida hideouts in Shabwa province, including a meeting of senior leaders, killing at least 30 militants in the country's stepped-up campaign against the terror network.
    (AP, 12/24/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.35)

2009        Dec 25, An attempted bombing took place as Northwest Airlines Flight 253 from Amsterdam prepared to land in Detroit just before noon. Law enforcement officials identified the suspect as Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab (23), a Nigerian man, who claimed to be acting on orders from al-Qaida to blow up the airliner with a bomb sewed into his underwear. Abdulmutallab later told US investigators he had received training and instructions from al-Qaida operatives in Yemen. On Oct 12, 2011, Abdulmutallab pleaded guilty to all federal counts against him.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AFP, 12/29/09)(AP, 1/2/10)(SFC, 10/13/11, p.A8)
2009        Dec 25, In Maryland law enforcement found the body of Sarah H. Foxwell (11) near the Delaware state line three days after she was last seen at her home. Thomas J. Leggs Jr. (30), a known sex offender and former boyfriend of the girl's aunt, was charged on Dec 23 in Sarah's kidnapping.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 25, Vic Chestnutt (b.1964), singer and songwriter, died in Athens, Georgia, following an intentional overdose. He had been paralyzed in a 1983 car accident, but retained limited use of his arms and hands.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.C8)
2009        Dec 25,  In southern Afghanistan an American service member was killed in an attack in Kandahar. A joint force in Khost province captured several militants, including a known operative of the Jalaluddin Haqqani militant network, which is linked to al-Qaida. The Taliban released a 36-minute video in which Pfc. Bowe Bergdahl denounced the American military effort in Afghanistan. Bergdahl went missing on June 30, 2009.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(SFC, 12/26/09, p.A3)(SFC, 12/28/09, p.A4)
2009        Dec 25, A Chinese court sentenced Liu Xiaobo, a prominent dissident, to 11 years, the longest term ever handed down for subversion charges, according to rights groups that say it signals the government will take an increasingly hard line against activists in the year ahead.
    (AP, 12/25/09)
2009        Dec 25, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed 6 Shiite Muslim pilgrims in a procession marking the ten-day Shiite festival of Ashoura, which ends Dec 27.
    (AP, 12/25/09)(SFC, 12/26/09, p.A5)
2009        Dec 25, Mexican authorities in the state of Chihuahua found the bullet-riddled bodies of six members of the same family in a mountainous area. Esther Chavez (73), a women's rights activist who first drew attention to the brutal slayings of women in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, died. She was the founder of Casa Amiga, a shelter for female victims of violence in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 25, Robert Park, a 28-year-old Korean-American, crossed the frozen Tumen River into North Korea from China on Christmas Day to urge Kim Jong Il to release political prisoners and shut down the "concentration camps" where they are held.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 25, In Norway Knut Magne Haugland (92), the last of six crew members who crossed the Pacific Ocean in 1947 on board the balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki, died in Oslo.
    (AP, 12/26/09)

2009        Dec 26, In eastern Afghanistan a heavily armed Taliban commander was killed during a pre-dawn shootout at a mosque in Wardak province. An ISAF service member from the United States died following an IED strike in southern Afghanistan. Two members of the Afghan National Police were killed when militants attacked a checkpoint in western Afghanistan. 3 other policemen were missing following the attack in the Qadis district of Badghis province.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AFP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 26, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales said that he plans to make it legal for Bolivia's farmers to grow small parcels of coca plants.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 26, China unveiled what it billed as the fastest rail link in the world, a train connecting the modern cities of Guangzhou and Wuhan at an average speed of 350 km (217 miles) an hour.
    (AFP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 25, A Greek-owned cargo ship, the Aegean Wind, caught fire off the coast of Venezuela. 9 crew members were killed and 5 injured. The ship was carrying iron ore from Brazil to Houston when the fire broke out.
    (SFC, 12/26/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 26, In India Andhra Pradesh Gov. Narain Dutt Tiwari (86) resigned, a day after a television news channel broadcast a tape allegedly showing him in bed with three women.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 26, Iranian security forces beat protesters in central Tehran, a sign of mounting tensions ahead of planned opposition rallies to mark a religious festival and the death of a dissident cleric a week ago.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 26, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed three Shiite pilgrims in eastern Baghdad, the latest round of violence to strike worshippers during a revered mourning observance. Another pilgrim was killed in southern Baghdad late in the day when a bomb struck a procession.
    (AP, 12/26/09)(AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 26, Israeli soldiers stormed homes in the West Bank, killing three Palestinians suspected in the fatal shooting of an Israeli and testing an uneasy security arrangement with Palestinian authorities.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 26, In Indian Kashmir some 40 people were injured when police fired teargas and used batons to break up banned religious processions by Shiite Muslims.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 26, In Lebanon 2 members of the Palestinian militant group Hamas were killed in an explosion in a Beirut suburb that one report described as a bombing. The attack was said to have involved three bombs tied to each other.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 26, In New Zealand some 20 pilot whales died on Colville Beach after stranding but holiday-makers and conservation workers managed to coax 43 others back out to sea. Some 105 long-finned pilot whales, stranded on South Island, died.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 26, In Pakistan a blast in Karachi destroyed a car and injured 19 people near a procession of minority Shiite Muslims for the Islamic holy month of Muharram. Investigators were checking if a gas cylinder accidentally detonated or if a bomb went off. A suspected US missile strike killed three people in North Waziristan. A local government official said the Taliban had beheaded a tribal elder who fought against them in the Bajur tribal region. The remains of Gul Mohammad (45) was found in Mamund town near a road.
    (AP, 12/26/09)
2009        Dec 26, In the Philippines a roll-on, roll-off ferry, carrying at least 88 people and nine cargo trucks, sank in the late evening off Verde Island. 6 people were confirmed dead and at least 22 were missing.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 26, Berlin-based Transparency International said nearly half a billion dollars in tsunami aid for Sri Lanka is unaccounted for and over 600 million dollars has been spent on projects unrelated to the Dec 26, 2004, tsunami disaster.
    (AFP, 12/26/09)

2009        Dec 27, The New York Times reported that the United States has quietly opened a third, largely covert front against the Al-Qaeda terror network in Yemen. The paper said the Pentagon will be spending more than 70 million dollars over the next 18 months, and using teams of special forces, to train and equip Yemeni military, Interior Ministry and coast guard forces.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Afghanistan 10 civilians, including 8 students, were killed in fighting involving international forces in eastern Kunar province. Pres. Karzai condemned the deaths and called for an investigation. Afghan and international security forces captured militants in Kandahar province in southern Afghanistan and in Wardak and Khost provinces in the east. On Dec 30 Asadullah Wafa, a senior adviser to Pres. Karzai, said that 8 schoolchildren between the ages of 12 and 14 were among the dead discovered in a village house in the Narang district of Kunar province.
    (AP, 12/28/09)(AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 27, Croatians went to the polls amid a deepening economic crisis and concerns over high-level corruption to elect a president to steer the Balkans country into the EU. Centrist Stipe Mesic (75) stands down in February after serving the maximum two five-year terms and successfully transforming the country from a nationalist autocracy into a parliamentary democracy. Social Democrat lawmaker Ivo Josipovic garnered 32.4% of votes and Zagreb Mayor Milan Bandic, who ran as independent candidate, got 14.8% of votes. The top two finishers will face each other in a Jan. 10 runoff.
    (AFP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Iran Ali Mousavi, a nephew of Iranian opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi, was killed in fighting between protesters and security forces. Security forces fired on anti-government protesters in Tehran, killing 8 people in the fiercest clashes in months.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Iran authorities detained two German diplomats and accused them of playing a role in organizing deadly anti-government protests. Iran's state media only reported this on Jan 27, 2010. Germany's Foreign Ministry said it had no knowledge about any diplomats being detained and dismissed accusations that German officials had a hand in the demonstrations and clashes that left eight people dead.
    (AP, 1/27/10)
2009        Dec 27, In northeast Iraq a bomb killed five Shiite pilgrims in a procession in the town of Tuz Khormato. Blasts in Baghdad killed 2 more pilgrims as millions of people marched to commemorate Ashoura, the most important Shiite religious observance. The 10-day religious ceremonies culminated today with huge processions.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(SFC, 12/28/09, p.A4)
2009        Dec 27, Italian officials said 7 people, including a German teenager, have been killed by weekend avalanches in northern Italy.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 27, Japanese PM Yukio Hatoyama arrived in India on a three-day visit aimed at strengthening economic and security cooperation with the emerging giant.
    (AFP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Lebanon Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah called on Egypt to stop building a steel wall along the Gaza border that could obstruct tunnels which provide a lifeline for the blockaded enclave.
    (Reuters, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Malawi officials arrested 2 men for celebrating their engagement to each other in a ceremony on Dec 26. Stevem Monjeza (26) and Tiwonge Chimbalanga (20) were charged with indecency and could get 5 to 14 years in jail if convicted.
    (SFC, 12/30/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)
2009        Dec 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosives outside a large gathering of Shiite Muslims in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, killing five people and wounding 80. Another blast in Karachi wounded 30, but it was attributed to a buildup of gas in a sewage pipe.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 27, Isaac Schwartz (b.1923), Russian composer, died at his home just outside St. Petersburg. His music adorned some of the most popular movies of the Soviet era. Schwartz wrote the music for a total of 110 movies and 35 theatrical performances.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, Sudan, angling to become Africa's leading exporter of ethanol, sent out its first shipment of the bio-fuel to the Netherlands. Kenana's plant, located in the White Nile State south of Khartoum, was built by the Brazilian ethanol supplier Dedini.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, Syrian security agents detained Tal al-Mallohi (19), a high school student blogger, after summoning her for questioning. Authorities have not allowed al-Mallohi's family to communicate with her since she was picked up. On Sep 20, 2010, The New York-based Human Rights Watch called for her immediate release. On Feb 14, 2011, she was sentenced to 5 years in prison on charges of spying for a foreign country.
    (AP, 9/20/10)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.A2)
2009        Dec 27, Human rights groups warned that the Thai government's planned expulsion of 4,000 ethnic Hmong to Laos could turn violent.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 26, Turkey's military arrested eight of its officers in connection with an alleged plot to assassinate Bulent Arinc, the country's deputy prime minister.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yhgzlkp)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.38)

2009        Dec 28, In Oakland, Ca., Dreshawn Lee lured Gary Jackson to the corner of 51st Ave. and Int’l. Blvd. and sprayed him with gunfire from an AK-47 assault rifle. Jackson, working as a security guard, had earlier identified Lee for carrying a sawed-off shotgun near a taco truck. In 2011 Lee was sentenced to 65 years in prison for gunning down Jackson.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.C3)
2009        Dec 28, In Mississippi a fire in an apartment in Starkville killed 6 children and 3 adults.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A8)
2009        Dec 28, In northern Nevada federal officials began a 2-month roundup of some 2,500 wild horses due to overpopulation. Federal managers on Feb 5 said the roundup was completed with 1,922 mustangs removed from the Calico Mountains Complex. 86 horses died in the government roundup, mostly from stress and trauma.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A8)(SFC, 2/6/10, p.A6)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2009        Dec 28, In Afghanistan 5 people died in an explosion inside a house where militants were making homemade explosives near Khost city. In the north 6 militants were killed and 8 wounded in a clash with Afghan forces in Old Baghlan town. Two Afghan National Army soldiers and a member of the Afghan National Police also were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 28, In Argentina two men succeeded in becoming Latin America's first same-sex married couple. Gay rights activists Jose Maria Di Bello (41) and Alex Freyre (39) took their civil ceremony to the capital of Argentina's Tierra del Fuego province, where a sympathetic governor backed their bid to make Latin American history.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 28, Chinese authorities started administering health checks on all children living near a battery factory in the south of the country and closed the plant after more than 40 children were found with lead poisoning.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Chinese state media reported that a coal mine explosion has killed 12 people in northern China, while five other miners were killed and six trapped in an accident in the southwest of the country.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Iranian security forces rounded up at least seven prominent activists, stepping up a crackdown on the country's pro-reform movement a day after eight people, including the nephew of the chief opposition leader, were killed in anti-government protests. Journalist Emadeddin Baghi was among those arrested. In July, 2010, he was sentenced to a year in prison and banned from political activities for five years.
    (AP, 12/28/09)(AFP, 7/26/10)
2009        Dec 28, An Iraqi government official said around 40 Iranians held in an Iraqi prison in Nasiriyah are on a hunger strike to demand meetings with Iranian officials about their cases. The prisoners were convicted of illegally crossing the border to commit terrorist acts and were sentenced to between five and seven years behind bars.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Israel said that it will build nearly 700 new apartments in east Jerusalem, drawing tough criticism from both the Palestinians and the United States, which denounced the plan as an obstacle to peacemaking.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, In central Kenya poachers killed an endangered southern white rhino in a privately owned ranch and cut off its horns. Wildlife Service rangers tracked down the suspected poachers and suspected buyers on Dec 3 and caught them with two rhino horns weighing more than 7 kg (16 pounds) and 647,000 Kenyan shillings ($8,500) in cash. 12 suspects, all of them Kenyans, were arrested as other suspects escaped.
    (AP, 1/4/10)
2009        Dec 28, New Zealand’s supermaxi Alfa Romeo yacht was first across the finish line in the Sydney to Hobart ocean race, ending a four-year winning streak by Australian favorite Wild Oats XI.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, In Niger unidentified gunmen in the remote western desert shot dead 3 tourists from Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 28, In northern Nigeria fighting between Islamic militants and security forces in Bauchi state left at least 70 people dead as Kala Kato sect members armed with spears and arrows ransacked a neighborhood and set homes ablaze.
    (AP, 12/29/09)(AFP, 12/30/09)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.56)
2009        Dec 28, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in Karachi targeted Pakistan's largest procession of Shiite Muslims on their holiest day, killing 44 people and wounding dozens more in defiance of a major security crackdown. In Pakistan-administered Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked a Shiite procession in Muzaffarabad, killing 8 people and wounding another 80.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/6/10)
2009        Dec 28, Slovakia said that Russia had warned it might halt oil supplies through Ukraine to three European Union countries over a price dispute.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Somali pirates seized the UK-flagged chemical tanker St James Park, the first merchant vessel to be hijacked there in nearly six months. 3 hours later the Navios Apollon, a Panamanian-flagged carrier with 19 crew members, was seized by pirates 370km east of the Seychelles, over 1,300km from Somalia. A ransom for the Navios Apollon was dropped to the ship on Feb 27, 2010.
    (AP, 12/29/09)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.47)(AP, 2/27/10)
2009        Dec 28, Police in Suriname arrested 15 more suspects as they searched for anti-migrant rioters accused of rape, arson and looting in an explosion of violence that sent hundreds fleeing for their lives from a border town.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Thailand sent army troops with shields and batons to evict more than 4,000 ethnic Hmong asylum-seekers and send them back to Laos despite strong objections from the US and rights groups who fear they will face persecution.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, A Vietnamese court convicted Tran Anh Kim (60), a former army officer who had pressed for democratic reforms of subversion, and sentenced him to 5.5 years in prison. Kim was accused of "working to overthrow the state" by joining the Democratic Party of Vietnam, publishing pro-democracy articles on the Internet, and joining Bloc 8406, an organization that promotes a multiparty state.
    (AP, 12/28/09)

2009        Dec 29, The US Treasury Dept. pumped $29.3 million into 10 banks, which will be the last to receive investments as part of the taxpayer funded Capital Purchase Program.
    (SFC, 1/1/10, p.D3)
2009        Dec 29, In Afghanistan an American soldier was killed and two Italian soldiers were injured when an Afghan soldier opened fire on a base in the province's Bala Murghab district.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, A security source said Algerian border guards have seized more than four tons of cannabis following a skirmish with smugglers.
    (AF, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, China brushed aside international appeals and executed by lethal injection Akmal Shaikh (53), a British drug smuggler, who relatives said was mentally unstable and unwittingly lured into crime. Shaikh, a Briton of Pakistani descent, was arrested in 2007 for carrying a suitcase with almost 9 pounds (4kg) of heroin into China on a flight from Tajikistan. He told Chinese officials he didn't know about the drugs and that the suitcase wasn't his. He was convicted in 2008 after a half-hour trial.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, In China the government of Xinjiang, a restive Chinese Muslim region rocked recently by ethnic strife, adopted what appeared to be a sweeping law barring the spread of views deemed to threaten national unity. The law bars individuals and organizations from spreading opinions deemed not conducive to national unity and also from gathering, producing and spreading information to that effect.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 29, Egypt's top diplomat said Israel's PM Netanyahu presented Egypt with ideas for restarting Mideast peace talks, impressing his hosts with proposals that go further than past Israeli positions.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, In France an armed robber burst into a jewelry store in southern Paris and made off with euro100,000 ($144,330) worth of watches and jewels.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, Iran's conservative parliament called for maximum punishment of opposition demonstrators as the regime stepped up its crackdown on dissent arresting the sister of Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi. Tens of thousands of government supporters rallied, and a reformist party called on Iran's rulers to apologize to the nation two days after eight people were killed in anti-government protests.
    (AFP, 12/29/09)(Reuters, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, In central Iraq gunmen killed five Sunni security guards, including one by beheading, in a gruesome pre-dawn slaying at a Tal Massoud village checkpoint. The victims were part of the Sunni tribe of Khazraj. They are the latest example of attacks on Sahwa, the Arabic word for Awakening. An Iraqi army intelligence officer was killed in the eastern Baghdad neighborhood of al Baladiyat. Drive-by shooters targeted Iraqi Army 1st Lt. Wadi Direa Atiyah as he was driving his car.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, Mexico City enacted Latin America's first law recognizing gay marriage and said it hopes to attract same-sex couples from around the world to wed.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, In Mexico Luis "El Gil" Sanchez (29) was arrested in Ensenada, about 50 miles (80km) south of Tijuana. Sanchez was the alleged leader of at least 10 criminal cells working for Teodoro Garcia Simental, a renegade lieutenant who broke away from the Arellano Felix cartel. Gunmen attacked a car dealership and an adjacent hospital in the border city of Tijuana, forcing the evacuation of some patients. The attackers doused about 10 cars at the dealership with gasoline and set them alight. Cartels commonly extort "protection" fees from businesses, which are sometimes firebombed if their owners refuse to pay.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 29, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin said that Russia will build new weapons to offset the planned US missile defense and urged Washington to share detailed data about its missile shield under a new arms control deal. The Kremlin said President Dmitry Medvedev has signed a bill banning the jailing of people suspected of tax crimes and has fired another senior prison official following the death in custody of a tax lawyer in November.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 29, Sudan's parliament adopted a key law, setting up a planned referendum on southern independence after northern and southern leaders overcame a dispute that had threatened a 2005 peace deal.
    (AFP, 12/30/09)

2009        Dec 30, A US trade panel gave final approval to duties ranging from about 10 to 16% on Chinese-made steel pipe in the biggest US trade case to date against China.
    (Reuters, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, The US government gave GMAC Financial Services an additional $3.8 billion in cash and took a majority stake in the auto lender.
    (SFC, 12/31/09, p.D1)
2009        Dec 30, In Afghanistan bombings killed 14 people, including 8 Americans and an Afghan in a suicide attack at a CIA base at the edge of Khost city, and 4 Canadian soldiers and a journalist by a roadside bomb in the southern Kandahar province. Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi (32), a physician from Jordan, was an Al-Qaida triple agent. 7 CIA employees and a Jordanian intelligence officer were among the victims. An airstrike by international forces in Helmand province killed 7 civilians, 2 Taliban and wounded another civilian. The attack took place after an international patrol came under fire from insurgents and called for air support. Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped 2 French journalists, Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere, working for France's public television and 3 Afghan companions in Kapisa province. The release of Taponier and Ghesquiere was announced on June 29, 2011.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AFP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/5/10)(AP, 6/29/11)
2009        Dec 30, In Antarctica 7 women on a 562-mile trek reached the South Pole, 38 days after they began their adventure to mark the 60th anniversary of the Commonwealth.
    (SFC, 12/31/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 30, An Argentine judge convicted former Santa Fe Roman Catholic Archbishop Edgardo Storni of sexually abusing a seminarian in 1992.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Burundi the last South African soldiers from the African Union Special Task Force still operating in Burundi completed their mission and left the country for good to return to South Africa.
    (AFP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 30, Canada’s spokesman for PM Stephen Harper announced that Parliament would remain closed until March 3, instead of returning in the last week of January. The prorogation meant that all committees in both houses are disbanded and all bills become dead.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.39)
2009        Dec 30, An unknown amount of oil poured from a China National Petroleum Corp. pipeline into the Wei River in Shaanxi province following a construction accident. The pipeline links the capitals of northwest Gansu province and central Henan province. Shaanxi TV later said 20 miles (33 km) along the Wei were polluted by the leak, estimated at 40,000 gallons.
    (AP, 1/2/10)
2009        Dec 30, Leon Yao Liang (87), a bishop in China's underground church, died in the northern township of Xiwanzi, where he had been auxiliary bishop since 2002. He had been imprisoned for more than 28 years under the communists.
    (AP, 1/4/10)
2009        Dec 30, It was reported that Karsten Nohl (28), a German security expert, and group of researchers posted a how-to guide for cracking the encryption that keeps the phone calls of millions of people secret. GSM encoding keeps most of the world's mobile phones safe from prying ears.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Former Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid (69) died. He briefly ruled during the nation's first tumultuous years of democracy (1999-2001) and sought peace in far-flung secessionist provinces.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Iran tens of thousands of hard-line government supporters turned out for state-sponsored rallies, some of them calling for the execution of opposition leaders as Iran's police chief threatened to show "no mercy" in crushing any new protests by the pro-reform movement.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Iraq staggered explosions killed at least 26 people in Ramadi, 13 of them policemen, and wounded Anbar provincial governor Kassim Mohammad Fahdlawi as well as some 100 others. Peter Moore, a British hostage held for over two years by militants, was released safely in Baghdad. In the town of Khalis, about 50 miles (80km) northeast of Baghdad, a bomb killed 7 pilgrims taking part in a procession to commemorate the death of a Shiite revered saint.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(Reuters, 12/30/09)(SFC, 12/31/09, p.A3)
2009        Dec 30, An Iraqi official said the Angolan national oil company Sonangol has signed preliminary deals to develop two small oil fields in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Irish Roman Catholic Cardinal Cahal Daly (92), a philosopher who led the church in Ireland during some of the worst years of IRA violence, died in Belfast.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cahal_Daly)
2009        Dec 30, It was reported that Israel's Supreme Court has ordered the military to let Palestinians travel on the part of Route 443 that runs through the West Bank, which was closed in 2002. The court gave the military five months to implement the ruling.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Mexican police captured alleged drug lord Carlos Beltran Leyva, just two weeks after his even more powerful brother was killed in a shootout with troops. The bound, beaten bodies of two men were found hanging by their necks from a highway overpass in Los Mochis, northern Sinaloa state, along with a handwritten message from a drug cartel. The message written on a piece of cardboard said in part that "this territory already has an owner." In Ciudad Juarez 12 people, including a 3-year-old child, were slain in shootings. Linea Directa radio station reporter Jose Luis Romero was forced at gunpoint out of a Los Mochis restaurant. Romero’s body was found on Jan 16, 2010.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/16/10)
2009        Dec 30, The Netherlands announced it will immediately begin using full body scanners for flights heading to the United States, issuing a report that called the failed Christmas Day airline bombing a "professional" terror attack.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, A Nigerian official says the nation will purchase 3-D, full body scanners after Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab passed through Nigeria's biggest airport before trying to bring down a US-bound flight on Christmas Day.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Pakistan's tribal belt, Taj Mohammad (38), a key anti-Taliban elder, was shot dead and his bullet-riddled body found dumped on a roadside in the district of Bajaur.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Somali pirates attacked the 105,000-ton MV Album, a Kuwaiti-flagged oil tanker, but failed to seize it.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Spain's socialist government approved a 1.5% increase in the national minimum wage to 633.3 euros ($911.2) from 624 euros a month during its last cabinet meeting of the year.
    (AFP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Yemeni security forces stormed an al-Qaida hide-out in a principle militant stronghold in the country's west, setting off clashes, as a security chief vowed to fight the group's powerful local branch until it was eliminated.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Dec 31, US District Judge Ricardo Urbina dismissed the case against the Blackwater guards accused of the shooting in a crowded Baghdad intersection on Sep 16, 2007.
    (AP, 1/1/10)
2009        Dec 31, The Montana Supreme Court said that nothing in state law prevents patients from seeking physician assisted suicide, making Montana the third state to allow the procedure.
    (SFC, 1/1/10, p.A5)
2009        Dec 31, Revelers ringing in 2010 will be treated to a so-called blue moon. According to popular definition, a blue moon is the second full moon in a month.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 31, In St. George, Utah, a trailer at an RV park containing some 19 pet pythons caught fire. 11 of the snakes survived.
    (SFC, 1/2/10, p.A4)
2009        Dec 31, Afghan police said militants beheaded 6 Afghans for cooperating with government authorities. The men were killed near the provincial capital of Tarin Kot. A seventh victim was being treated for serious neck wounds. A US service member died in eastern Afghanistan of injuries not related to battle. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)
2009        Dec 31, In Australia residents returned to survey the wreckage after Western Australia's worst wildfire in 50 years engulfed 38 homes in an isolated rural community.
    (AFP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 31, In Finland Ibrahim Shkupolli (43) shot himself at his home in Espoo after going on a rampage that killed his ex-girlfriend, then four other people at a local shopping mall where she also worked.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 31, Hundreds of demonstrators rallied on opposite sides of an Israeli-Gaza border crossing to protest the blockade of the seaside territory imposed by Egypt and Israel. Gaza's Hamas parliament approved a government budget of $540 million for 2010, suggesting that a tight border blockade isn't stopping the cash flow to the Islamic militants. The Hamas government has about 32,000 people on its payroll, including civil servants and members of the security forces. About $30 million of the budget would go to Arab residents of Jerusalem and Islamic sites in the city.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/2/10)
2009        Dec 31, Lithuania began shutting down its the 2nd Ignalina nuclear reactor. It was  scheduled to be disconnected from the power grid an hour before midnight. The 1st reactor was shut down in 2004.
    (AP, 12/22/09)(AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 31, A Malaysian court ruled that a Catholic weekly, the Herald, had a constitutional right to use the word Allah to refer to God, striking down a government ban as illegal. On Jan 6, the High Court suspended its ruling following an appeal by the government and with the consent of the Catholic church.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(Econ, 1/16/10, p.44)
2009        Dec 31, In Mexico Roberto Salcedo (33), an assistant principal and Southern California school board member, was killed while he and his wife were visiting relatives in Gomez Palacio.
    (AP, 1/31/10)
2009        Dec 31, In Myanmar Freelance reporter Hla Hla Win (25) was sentenced by a court in Pakokku for an alleged violation of the country's Electronics Act. She was arrested in September after visiting a Buddhist monastery in the northern town of Pakokku. The jailed reporter had worked with the Myanmar exile broadcaster Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB), based in Oslo, Norway. A man accompanying her was sentenced to 26 years in jail.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)
2009        Dec 31, Moscow police detained dozens of people at an anti-Kremlin protest, including Lyudmila Alexeyeva (82), a prominent rights activist. The New Year's Eve protest is a repeat of actions held on the 31st of July, August and October. The timing is a nod to the 31st Article of the Russian constitution, which guarantees the right of assembly.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 31, In northwest Pakistan a suspected US missile strike near Mir Ali hit a house and killed 3 people. In 2010 Pakistani tribesman Kareem Khan sought 500 million dollars in compensation from the CIA after his son and brother were killed in the drone attack.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(AFP, 11/29/10)
2009        Dec 31, South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak pardoned former Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-hee, who was convicted of tax evasion on Apr 17, 2008. Pres. Lee Myung-bak said the country needed Mr. Lee’s help to win South Korea’s bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.74)
2009        Dec 31, In Sudan 17 people were killed when armed civilians ambushed south Sudanese soldiers trying to disarm tribes following heavy fighting in the semi-autonomous region.
    (AP, 1/6/10)
2009        Dec 31, The Ugandan government said it was investigating the breakaway Catholic Apostolic National Church in Uganda and would ban it if found to be illegal. 20 renegade Catholic priests, who are either married or want to marry, have broken from the mainstream Roman Catholic Church and formed a new church where celibacy is not required. Vatican officials said the priests were now considered "outside" the Catholic Church and would likely be excommunicated.
    (AP, 12/31/09)

2009        Dec, Google set up an energy subsidiary dubbed Google Energy LLC.
    (SFC, 1/9/10, p.D1)
2009        Dec, Finnish computer game developer Rovio Mobile released “Angry Birds," a puzzle video game. It was inspired primarily by a sketch of stylized wingless birds and was first released for Apple's iOS.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, SR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angry_Birds)
2009        Dec, In Indonesia the attorney-general’s office banned 5 books, which it considered a threat to national security.
    (Econ, 1/23/10, p.43)
2009        Dec, Myanmar began its Myitsone hydropower project. All the electricity was to be exported to China with revenues going to the Myanmar government.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.46)(www.ifandp.com/article/009201.html)

2009        David Aaronovitch (b.1954), English journalist, authored “Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History."
    (Econ, 8/22/09, p.32)
2009        Andre Agassi (39), former tennis star, authored “An Autobiography." It was written with J.R. Moehringer.
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.F4)
2009        Liaquat Ahamed authored “Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World."
    (Econ, 1/10/09, p.73)
2009        George Akerlof, Nobel Prize winning economist, authored “Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy."
    (Econ, 3/28/09, p.88)
2009        Ali A. Allawi authored “The Crisis of Islamic Civilization."
    (Econ, 4/18/09, p.89)
2009        Mara Altman authored “thanks for Coming: One Young Woman’s quest for an Orgasm."
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, Books p.J4)
2009        Chris Anderson authored “Free: The Future of a Radical Price," in which he argued the free distribution of products and services represents a new economic model in the digital era.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.81)
2009        Tamim Ansary authored “Destiny Disrupted: A History of the World Through Islamic Eyes."
    (SSFC, 5/10/09, Books p.H1)
2009         Diana Athill, British editor and writer, authored “Somewhere Towards the End," a memoir on life and aging. It won this year’s Costa Biography prize as well as an OBE.
    (Econ, 10/29/11, p.100)
2009        Ken Auletta authored “Googled: the End of the World As We Know It."
    (SSFC, 11/15/09, p.E1)
2009        Karen Armstrong authored “The Case for God: What Religion Really Means."
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.95)
2009        Phillip Ball authored “Shapes: Nature’s Patterns – A Tapestry in Three Parts."
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.92)
2009        Allen Barra authored “Yogi Berra: Eternal Yankee."
    (WSJ, 3/19/09, p.A13)
2009        Alan Beattie authored “False Economy: A Surprising Economic History of the World."
    (Econ, 7/25/09, p.80)
2009        Andrew Beatty, anthropologist, authored “A Shadow Falls: In the Heart of Java," a look at the cultural conflict between Javanism, a pre-Islamic mystical tradition, and orthodox Islam.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.87)
2009        Daniel Bergner authored “The Other Side of Desire: Four Journeys Into the Far Realms of Lust and Longing," in which he chronicled 4 people living with paraphilias.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, Books p.J5)
2009        Richard Bernstein authored “The East, the West, and Sex," in which he wrote of the erotic allure of the East for Western men.
    (SSFC, 6/14/09, p.J3)
2009        Joan Biskupic authored “American Original: The Life and Constitution of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia."
    (SFC, 1/8/10, p.E1)
2009        Ousted Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich authored “The Governor," a political memoir.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.39)
2009        Paul Blustein authored “Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System."
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.96)
2009        Jack Boulware and Silke Tudor authored “Gimme Something Better: The Profound, Progressive, and Occasionally Pointless History of Bay Area Punk From Dead Kennedys to green Day."
    (SSFC, 9/27/09, Books p.F1)
2009        John Bowen authored “Can Islam Be French: Pluralism and Pragmatism in a Secularist State."
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.93)
2009        Laimonas Briedis authored “Vilnius: City of Strangers."
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.83)
2009        Andre Brink, South Africa novelist, authored his memoir “A Fork in the Road."
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.95)
2009        Archie Brown authored “The Rise and Fall of Communism."
    (Econ, 7/4/09, p.79)
2009        Pete Brown authored “Hops and Glory: One Man's Search for the Beer That Built the British Empire," the story of IPA beer.
    (Econ, 12/24/16, p.61)
2009        Bryan Burrough authored “The Big Rich: The Rise and Fall of the Greatest Texas Oil Fortunes." It entered on H.L Hunt, Sid Richardson, Clint Murchinson and Hugh Roy Cullen, known as the Big Four of Texas oil.
    (WSJ, 2/4/09, p.A11)
2009        Vince Cable, British economics spokesman for the Liberal Democrats, authored “The Storm: The World Economic Crises & What It Means."
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.86)
2009        Christopher Caldwell authored “Reflections on the Revolution in Europe: Immigration, Islam and the West.
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.72)
2009        Mark Caro authored “The Foie Gras Wars: How a 5,000-Year-Old Delicacy Inspired the World’s Fiercest Food fight."
    (SSFC, 3/22/09, Books p.J5)
2009        John Cassidy authored “How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities." It told the story of America’s housing boom and its devastating bust.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.102)
2009        Juanita Castro 76 authored "Fidel and Raul, My Brothers, the Secret History." It was co-written with Mexican journalist Maria Antonieta Collins. From 1961-1964 she collaborated with the US CIA against her brothers' rule before going into exile in Miami.
    (Reuters, 10/26/09)
2009        Ram Charan, India-born business consultant, authored “Leadership in the Era of Economic Uncertainty," his 16th book on business management.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.72)
2009        Miriam Clifford, Cathy Giangrande and Antony White authored a guide to Chinese museums. In 2014 the Chinese Museums Organization (CMA) asked them to repackage the work as its own guide: “Chinese Museums Guide."
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.78)
2009        Frank Close authored “Nothing: A Very Short Introduction," a survey of 3,000 years of thinking regarding the question of where everything came from.
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.86)
2009        Stephanie Cooke authored “A Cautionary History of the Nuclear Age."
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.85)
2009        Simon Critchley authored “The Book of Dead Philosophers," a series of essays exploring nearly 200 thinkers.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, Books p.J7)
2009        Dan Cruickshank authored “The Secret History of Georgian London: How the Wages of Sin shaped the Capital."
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.99)
2009        Mike Dash authored “The First Family: Terror, Extortion, Revenge, Murder, and the Birth of the American Mafia."
    (SFC, 9/1/09, p.E5)
2009        Richard Dawkins authored “The Greatest Show on Earth: Evidence for Evolution."
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.90)
2009        Frans de Waal authored, primatologist at Emory Univ. authored “The Age of Empathy: Nature’s Lessons for a Kind Society."
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.91)
2009        Nathaniel Deutsch authored “Inventing America’s “Worst" Family: Eugenics, Islam, and the Fall and Rise of the House of Ishmael."
    (WSJ, 1/15/09, p.A9)
2009        Christopher Dickey authored “Securing the City: Inside America’s Best Counterterror Force—the NYPD.
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.93)
2009        Wendy Doniger authored “The Hindus: An Alternative History," a loosely chronological cultural history of the Hindu people.
    (WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A17)
2009        Robert M. Edsel authored “The Monuments Men: Allied Heroes, Nazi Thieves and the Greatest Treasure Hunt in History." A film version of the book was released in 2014.
2009        Barbara Ehrenreich authored “Bright-Sided: How the Relentless Promotion of Positive Thinking Has Undermined America."
    (SSFC, 10/18/09, Books p.F1)
2009        Elaine Elinson and Stan Yogi authored “Wherever There’s a Fight: How Runaway Slaves, suffragists, Immigrants, Strikers, and Poets Shaped Civil Liberties in California.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.F6)
2009        Israeli Rabbi Yosef Elitzur-Hershkowitz co-authored “Teachings of the King," a book that discusses when it is permissible for Jews to kill non Jews. He was detained in 2010 on charges that included incitement to racism.   
    (SFC, 8/20/10, p.A2)
2009        David Ewing Duncan authored “Experimental Man: What One Man's Body Reveals about His Future, Your Health, and Our Toxic World."
    (SFC, 3/9/09, p.E1)
2009        Sir Harold Evans (80), English journalist, authored his autobiography “My Paper Chase: True Stories of Vanished Times."
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.96)
2009        Patricia Fara authored “Science: A Four Thousand year History."
    (Econ, 6/13/09, p.88)
2009        Kitty Burns Flory authored “Script and Scribble: The Rise and Fall of Handwriting," a history of handwriting.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.W8)
2009        Jonathan Safran Foer authored “Eating Animals."
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, p.E1)
2009        Justin Fox authored “The Myth of the Rational Market: A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street.
    (Econ, 6/13/09, p.87)
2009        John Freely authored Aladdin’s Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World."
    (SSFC, 3/22/09, p.J5)
2009        John Freeman authored “The Tyranny of E-Mail: The Four-Thousand Year Journey to Your Inbox."
    (SSFC, 11/22/09, Books p.F7)
2009        George Friedman authored “The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century.
(SFC, 2/17/09, p.E4)
2009        Patri Friedman and Wayne Gramlich authored the online book: “Seasteading: Homesteading the High Seas." Backed by Peter Thiel, co-founder of PayPal, they planned to begin creating a floating colony 12 miles off the coast of San Francisco in 2012.
    (SFC, 6/1/11, p.A14)(http://seasteading.org/mission/faq)
2009        Rick Gekoski, British book dealer, authored “Outside of a Dog: A Bibliomemoir." The title was based on Graucho Marx’s motto: Outside of a dog, a book is a man’s best friend. Inside of a dog, it’s too dark to read."
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.75)
2009        Mark Gevisser, a South African journalist, authored A Legacy of Liberation," a condensed version of his 2007 biography “Thabo Mbeki: The Dream Deferred."
    (WSJ, 4/17/09, p.W6)
2009        Ashraf Ghani, later Afghan president (2014) and Clare Lockhart authored “Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World."
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.11)
2009        Rene Girard authored “Battling to the End: Conversations with Benoit Chantre," and exploration of violence and retaliation.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.E4)
2009        Daniel Jonah Goldhagen authored “Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assaults on Humanity."
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, Books p.E7)
2009        Dilip Hiro authored “Inside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Iran."
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)
2009        Philip Hook authored “The Ultimate Trophy: How the Impressionist Painting Conquered the World."
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.85)
2009        David Horspool authored “The English Rebel: "One Thousand Years of Trouble-Making from the Normans to the Nineties."
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.73)
2009        Martin Jacques authored “When China Rules the World: The Rise of the Middle Kingdom and the End of the Western World."
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.84)
2009        Harold James, economic historian at Princeton, authored “The Creation and Destruction of Value: The Globalization Cycle."
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.91)
2009        R.W. Johnson authored “South Africa’s Brave New World: The Beloved Country Since the End of Apartheid."
    (Econ, 4/18/09, p.88)
2009        Seth G. Jones authored “In the Graveyard of Empires: America’s War in Afghanistan."
    (SSFC, 8/2/09, Books p.F2)
2009        Allison Hoover authored “The Man Who Loved Books Too Much: The True Story of a Thief, a Detective, and a World of Literary Obsession." It told the story of John Charles Gilkey, who from 1999 to 2003 stole books valued at $100,000 from dealers around the country.
2009        Wojciech Jagielski authored “Towers of Stone: The Battle of Wills in Chechnya.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.92)
2009        Wendy Kaminer authored “Worst Instincts: Cowardice, Conformity and the ACLU," a critical look at the American Civil Liberties Union since the installation of Anthony Romero as executive director in 2002."
    (WSJ, 4/22/09, p.A13)
2009        Laurent Keller, Swiss prof. of ecology, and Elisabeth Gordon authored “The Lives of Ants." The English translation was by James Grieve.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.85)
2009        Colin Kidd authored “Union and Unionisms: Political Thought in Scotland 1500-2000.
    (Econ, 1/10/09, p.74)
2009        Brad Kessler authored “Goat Song: A Seasonal Life, A short History of Herding and the Art of Making Cheese."
    (Econ, 7/4/09, p.81)
2009        Sam Kiley, British journalist, authored “Desperate Glory: At War in Helmand with Britain’s 16 Air Assault Brigade."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.106)
2009        Mark Kleiman authored “When Brute Force Fails: How to Have Less Crime and Less Punishment."
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.83)
2009        Andrew F. Krepinevich authored “7 Deadly Scenarios: A Military Futurist Explores War in the 21st Century."
    (WSJ, 2/23/09, p.A13)
2009        Mark Kurlansky authored “The Food of a Younger Land: A Portrait of American Food from the Lost WPA Files," an anthology of food writing from 1930s America.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.86)
2009        Robert Lacey, British journalist, authored “Inside the Kingdom: Kings, Clerics, Modernists, Terrorists, and the Struggle for Saudi Arabia."
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.88)
2009        Matt Latimer authored “Speech-less: Tales of a White House Survivor," an expose on the George Bush’s White House.
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.44)
2009        Marnia Lazreg, Algerian-born professor of sociology at City Univ. of New York, authored “Questioning the Veil: Open Letter to Muslim Women."
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.92)
2009        Peter T. Leeson authored “The Invisible Hook: The Hidden Economics of Pirates."
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.F1)
2009        Jonah Lehrer authored “How We Decide," a look at how leading scientists view decision making.
    (SSFC, 2/15/09, Books p.J1)
2009        Prof. Josh Lerner of Harvard authored “Boulevard of Broken Dreams: Why Public Efforts to Boost Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital have Failed – and What to Do About It."
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.78)
2009        Eric Lonergan, English hedge fund manager, authored “Money (Art of Living)."
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.98)
2009        Peter Maas authored “Crude World: The Violent Twilight of Oil."
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, Books p.F3)
2009        Diarmaid MacCulloch authored “A History of Christianity: The First Three Thousand Years."
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.95)
2009        Max Marambio authored, "Las Armas de Ayer" (The Weapons of Yesteryear), which Fidel Castro praised in one of his frequent opinion pieces. Marambio was the former head bodyguard of Chilean socialist President Salvador Allende, who was toppled in a 1973 military coup. Marambio sought refuge in Cuba after the coup and took part in secret military missions before becoming one of Cuba's wealthiest business leaders.
    (AP, 4/15/10)
2009        Iain McGilchrest authored “The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World." He noted how the left side of the brain specializes in narrowly focused attention and how the right side attends to broader contexts.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.99)
2009        James McManus authored “Cowboys Full: The Story of Poker."
    (SSFC, 12/20/09, Books p.E6)
2009        Daniel Metcalfe authored “Out of Steppe: The Lost Peoples of Central Asia." He describes such people as the Karakalpak in Uzbekistan, the Yaghnobi in people of Tajikistan, the Jews of Bukhara and the Germans of Kazakhstan.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.91)
2009        Ben Mezrich authored “The Accidental Billionaires: The Founding of Facebook: A Tale of Sex, Money, Genius and Betrayal."
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.72)
2009        Antonio Munoz Molina authored his novel “In the Night of Time" set in Spain’s civil war. In 2014 an English translation by Edith Grossman was published.
    (SFC, 2/25/14, p.78)
2009        Dambisa Moyo, native of Zambia and former World Bank consultant, authored “Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way For Africa."
    (WSJ, 3/17/09, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dambisa_Moyo)
2009        Ralph Nader authored “Only the Super-Rich Can Save Us!," a fictional account of how a movement of billionaires use their fortunes to clean up America.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.72)
2009        Mark Ndesandjo, the younger half-brother of Pres. Obama, authored “Nairobi to Shenzhen," a semiautobiographical novel that told the story of an abusive parent patterned after his father. Ndesandjo was now living and working in Shenzhen, China.
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.A4)
2009        Jacob Needleman, former professor at SF State College, authored “What Is God."
    (SSFC, 2/7/10, Books p.F7)
2009        Nandan Nilekani, co-founder of Infosys, authored “Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation."
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.90)
2009        Alva Noë, a philosopher at UC Berkeley, authored “Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain, and Other Lessons From the Biology of Consciousness."
    (SSFC, 3/1/09, Books p.J5)
2009        Nicolette Hahn Niman authored “Righteous Porkchop: Finding a Life and Good Food Beyond Factory Farms."
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, Books p.J3)
2009        David Own authored “Green Metropolis: Why Living Smaller, Living Closer, and Driving Less Are the Keys to Sustainability."
    (SFC, 11/4/09, p.E2)
2009        Sarah Palin, former governor of Alaska (2007-2009), authored “Going Rogue: An American Life."
    (SFC, 9/29/09, p.A6)
2009        Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk, 2006 Nobel literature prize winner, authored his 8th novel: “The Museum of Innocence.
    (AP, 10/12/06)
2009        Miriam Pawel authored “The Union of Their Dreams: Power, Hope, and Struggle in Cesar Chavez’s Farm Worker Movement."
    (SFC, 11/11/09, p.E3)
2009        Peter G. Peterson authored “The Education of an American Dreamer: How a Son of Greek Immigrants Learned His Way From a Nebraska Diner to Washington, Wall Street and Beyond."
    (Econ, 6/6/09, p.82)
2009        Kate Pickett and Richard Wilkinson authored “The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better."
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.90)
2009        Daniel Pink authored “Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us."
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.66)
2009        Gerard Prunier authored “Africa’s World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe."
    (Econ, 1/24/09, p.88)
2009        Yusuf al-Qaradawi (82), an Egyptian scholar living in Qatar, authored “The Jurisprudence of Jihad."
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.52)
2009        Joshua Cooper Ramo authored “The Age of the Unthinkable: Why the New World Disorder Constantly surprises Us and What We Can Do about It."
    (Econ, 5/9/09, p.87)
2009        Nick Reding authored “Methland: The Death and Life of an American Small Town." He focused on methamphetamine production and usage in Iowa and Missouri.
    (SFC, 6/23/09, p.E2)
2009        Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman authored “The Nuclear Express: A Political History of the Bomb and Its Proliferation," a political history of nuclear weapons from the discovery of fission in 1938 to the nuclear train wreck that seems to loom in our future.
    (WSJ, 1/17/09, p.W8)
2009        T.R. Reid authored “The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer health Care."
    (SSFC, 8/23/09, Books p.F1)
2009        Carmen Reinhart (b.1955), Cuba-born American economist, and Kenneth Rogoff co-authored "This Time is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly." In 2020 Reinhart was appointed as chief economist of the World Bank.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carmen_Reinhart)(Econ, 9/12/09, p.91)
2009        Geoffrey Robinson authored “If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die": How Genocide Was Stopped in East Timor.
    (Econ, 2/27/10, p.89)
2009        Eugene Rogan authored “The Arabs: A History."
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.101)
2009        Arundhati Roy, Indian writer, authored “Listening to Grasshoppers: Field Notes on Democracy."   
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.73)
2009        Miri Rubin authored “Mother of God: A History of the Virgin Mary."
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.84)
2009        Alec Russell authored “Bring Me My Machine Gun: The Battle for the Soul of South Africa from Mandela to Zuma."
    (WSJ, 4/17/09, p.W6)
2009        Harvard Prof. Michael J. Sandel authored “Justice: What’s the Right Thing To Do."
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.97)
2009        Eric W. Sanderson authored “Mannahatta: A Natural History of New York City."
    (SSFC, 5/17/09, Books p.H4)
2009        Nicholas Schmidle authored “To Live Or To Perish Forever: Two Tumultuous Years in Pakistan," covering his experiences in Pakistan from 2006-2008.
2009        Viktor Mayer-Schonberger authored “Delete: The Virtue of Forgetting in the Digital Age."
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.60)
2009        Avi Shlaim authored “Israel and Palestine: Reappraisals, Revisions, Refutations."
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)
2009        Amartya Sen (b.1933), Indian Nobel prize winning economist, authored “The Idea of Justice," a summation of his work on economic reasoning and on the elements and measurement of human well-being.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.71)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amartya_Sen)
2009        Dan Senor and Saul Singer authored “Start-Up Nation: The Story of Israel’s Economic Miracle."
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.78)
2009        Josh Sides authored “Erotic City: Sexual Revolutions and the Making of Modern San Francisco."
    (SSFC, 10/25/09, Books p.F1)
2009        Harvey Silverglate authored “Three Felonies a Day: How the Feds Target the Innocent."
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.27)
2009        P.W. Singer authored “Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century," an examination of robotic warfare.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.25)
2009        Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, president of Liberia, authored “This Child Will Be Great: Memoir of a Remarkable Life by Africa’s First Woman President."
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.84)
2009        Adam Smith, American lawyer and diplomat, authored “After Genocide: Bringing the Devil to Justice."
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.67)
2009        Seth Grahame-Smith, American writer and film producer, authored “Pride and Prejudice and Zombies." It is a mashup combining Jane Austen's classic 1813 novel Pride and Prejudice with elements of modern zombie fiction and became a surprise literary hit.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.147)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seth_Grahame-Smith)
2009        Christopher Snowdon authored “Velvet Glove, Iron fist: A History of Anti-Smoking.
    (Econ, 6/13/09, p.89)
2009        Andrew Ross Sorkin authored “Too Big To Fail: The Inside Story of How Wall Street and Washington Fought to Save the Financial system."
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.96)
2009        Frederic Spotts authored “The Shameful Peace: How French Artists and Intellectuals Survived the Nazi Occupation."
    (WSJ, 1/3/09, p.W6)
2009        Tom Standage authored “An Edible History of Humanity."
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, books p.J4)
2009        Kevin Starr, historian, authored “Golden Dreams: California in an Age of Abundance 1950-1963," the 8th book in his epic series “American and the California Dream."
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.72)
2009        Vladislav Yuryevich Surkov (b.1964), Russian businessman and politician, wrote the preface to the pseudonymous bestselling satirical novel “Almost Zero." The author was "Natan Dubovitsky", readable as a male form of Surkov’s wife's name. Conflicting statements in the preface added to speculation that Surkov was the author of the novel.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.30)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladislav_Surkov)
2009        Bruno Sutkus authored “Sniper Ace: From the Eastern Front to Siberia."
2009        Colonel Stuart Tootal, British commander, authored “Danger Close: Commanding 3 Para in Afghanistan."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.106)
2009        Harold Varmus (b.1939), American Nobel Prize winner (1989), authored his autobiography “The Art and Politics of Science."
    (Econ, 6/13/09, p.88)
2009        William T. Vollman authored “Imperial," a look at the struggle for water and jobs in California’s Imperial Valley.
    (Econ, 8/1/09, p.71)
2009        Nicholas Wade authored “The Faith Instinct: How Religion Evolved and Why It Endures."
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.145)
2009        David Wessel authored “In Fed We Trust: Ben Bernanke’s War on the Great Panic."
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.92)
2009        Gabriel Weston, a member of the Royal College of Surgeons, authored “Direct Red," a memoir about the medical world.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, p.82)
2009        Alan Wolfe authored “The Future of Liberalism."
    (Econ, 2/7/09, p.75)
2009        James G. Workman authored “Heart of Dryness: How the Last Bushmen Can Help Us Endure the Coming Age of Permanent Drought." The book includes a history of the diamond industry in Botswana as well as the story of the Bushmen’s resistance to the government’s efforts to drive them from their traditional homes and ways.
    (SSFC, 8/16/09, Books p.F7)
2009        Richard Wrangham authored “Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human."
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, books p.J4)
2009        The book “It's Our Turn to Eat," written by the veteran British journalist Michaela Wrong, was published in the UK. It is the story of whistleblower John Githongo's crusade against political corruption in Kenya. It portrays President Mwai Kibaki and his ethnic group, despite pledges to clean up one of the sleaziest bureaucracies in the world, as bent on making themselves rich and keeping power at all costs.
    (AP, 2/25/09)
2009        Ben Yagoda (b.1954), professor of journalism at the University of Delaware, authored “Memoir: A History."
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Yagoda)
2009        The English version of "The Last Eunuch of China," by amateur historian Jia Yinghua, told the story of Sun Yaoting (d.1996). Only two memories brought tears to Yaoting's eyes in old age -- the day his father cut off his genitals, and the day his family threw away the pickled remains that should have made him a whole man again at death.
    (Reuters, 3/16/09)
2009        Ayman al-Zawahiri authored “The Morning and the Lamp," a book on Pakistan’s constitution in which he argues that the state was illegitimate and should be destroyed.
    (Econ, 3/5/11, p.43)(http://tinyurl.com/4rfujpk)
2009        Tom Zoellner authored “Uranium: War, Energy, and the Rock That Shaped the World."
    (SSFC, 3/15/09, Books p.J3)
2009        Gregory Zuckerman authored “The Greatest Trade Ever: The Behind-the-Scenes Story of How John Paulson Defied Wall Street and Made Financial History."
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.88)

2009        The US National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS), estimated in the mid 1990s to cost some $6.5 billion, ballooned to some $15 billion. At this point it was under review with the launch date postponed to 2011.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NPOESS)

2009        America’s Dept. of Energy agreed to gave Fisker, a California-based maker of hybrid electric cars, a big “green energy" loan to start production of its Karma sports car.
    (Econ, 1/11/14, p.54)
2009         In Marin, California, Edward John Schaefer hit a father and daughter while driving drunk. The girl died and Schaefer was sentenced to prison. Ten days after arriving at San Quentin he was stabbed to death by inmate Frank Souza.
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.72)
2009        Uber, a SF-based app-based taxi service, was founded.
    (Econ, 9/19/15, p.74)
2009        Brian Acton founded WhatsApp, a messaging service. In 2014 Acton made $6.5 billion in the sale of WhatsApp to Facebook.
    (Econ., 1/23/21, p.48)
2009        San Francisco investment manager Steve Burrill traveled to Minnesota promising to raise a $1 billion venture fund to back a biotech park, named Elk Run, in rural Pine Island. About this same time he also began to siphon off money from his investors for personal use. Minnesota later spent $36 million in state funds to build a highway interchange directly to the Elk Run site. In 2016 Burrill admitted to embezzling $31 million from the venture funds he managed. The biotech park was never built.
    (SSFC, 5/8/16, p.D3)

2009        Oklahoma’s legislature passed a bill ordering that a monumental version of the Ten Commandments be placed in the grounds of its state capitol building, but that the state would not pay for it. It was donated by bill sponsor Mike Ritze and erected in Nov, 2012.
    (Econ, 12/14/13, p.41)

2009        Christian Carl Gerhartsreiter, a German national who came to the United States in the 1970s, was convicted in Boston in the kidnapping of his 7-year-old daughter. He was sentenced to 4-5 years in prison. In 2011 Los Angeles prosecutors filed a murder charge against Gerhartsreiter in the 1985 disappearance of 27-year-old John and Linda Sohus. In the past Gerhartsreiter had assumed many identities, including Clark Rockefeller. In 2011 Mark Seal authored “The Man in the Rockefeller Suit: The Astonishing Rise and Spectacular Fall of a Serial Imposter." In 2012 he was convicted of first degree murder in the death of John Sohus.
    (AP, 3/16/11)(SSFC, 7/10/11, p.G6)(SFC, 4/11/13, p.A6)

2009        Virtually all investment managers of California Public Employees' Retirement System (of CalPERS) were awarded bonuses of more than $10,000 each, with several earning bonuses of more than $100,000 during the 2008-09 fiscal year. The cash awards were distributed as the fund lost $59 billion.
    (AP, 9/21/10)
2009        Southern California Edison, a utility company preparing to build a new substation in an arid canyon southeast of Los Angeles, stumbled on a trove of animal fossils dating back 1.4 million years. All the bones were dated to the Irvingtonian period, which spanned 1.8 million to 300,000 years ago. The bones found in Riverside County were dated by observing the layers of sediment they were found in and fall at about 1.4 million years ago.
    (AP, 9/21/10)
2009        In southern California Don DiCostanzo and Terry Sherry formed the Pedego Electric Bikes company to manufacture and sell plug-in electric bikes. In 2014 the company signed a branding deal with Ford Motor Co.
    (SSFC, 10/26/14, p.F2)

2009        Silly Bandz, rubber band bracelets of various shapes, became a fad among kids in Alabama and then across the nation. Robert Croak of Ohio began manufacturing and marketing the product after seeing a similar item from Japan in 2007. A pack of 24 was priced at around $5.
    (SSFC, 7/11/10, Par p.12)(http://tinyurl.com/3ac3cm6)
2009        Riot Games, an American firm, launched the "League of Legends" video game. The firm was later acquire by Tencent, China's biggest tech firm.
    (Econ., 6/27/20, p.49)

2009        In Arizona a field office of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) decided that agents would allow “straw purchasers" to buy guns from American shops in “Operation Fast and Furious," hoping the guns might later provide evidence in bigger cases. In 2010 Border patrol agent Brian Terry was shot dead in a firefight and 2 rifles recovered at the scene were from the operation.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.34)

2009        In Florida the tally of manatee deaths reached a record 429 for the year, surpassing the 2006 record of 417.
    (SFC, 1/9/10, p.A4)

2009        Nevada, with a population of about 2.6 million, touted its limited reporting and disclosure requirements for corporations incorporated there. Over 400,000 companies were registered in the state with some 80,000 new firms added per year. 
    (Econ, 3/28/09, p.87)

2009        In North Carolina Terry Ledford (53) found a roughly 2-inch-square emerald rimmed with spots of iron on a 200-acre farm owned by business partner Renn Adams (90) and his siblings. The rural community of Hiddenite is named for a paler stone that resembles emerald. After the gem was cut and re-cut, the finished product was about one-fifth the weight of the original find. Finders marketed the nearly 65-carat emerald under the name Carolina Emperor.
    (AP, 9/1/10)

2009        Oklahoma’s population stood at about 3.6 million people.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.31)

2009        In Dallas, Texas, the new Bill and Margot Winspear Opera House, designed by Norman Foster, opened on Flora Street in the Dallas Arts District. Across the street the new Dee and Charles Wyly Theater, designed by Joshua Prince-Ramos and Rem Koolhaas, also opened.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.42)

2009        A team led by Neal Patwari and Joey Wilson of the Univ. of Utah came up with a way to peer through the walls of a building using a network of low cost little radios, which are used to look for motion as their signals are blocked by a moving object, such as a person.
    (Econ, 10/17/09, p.96)
2009        Paleontologists in Utah discovered a site brimming with fossils dating back some 201 million years.
    (SFC, 10/17/15, p.A4)

2009        Wisconsin resident Todd Bol (1956-2018) built a model of a one-room schoolhouse on a post in his front yard in Hudson, and filled it with books as a tribute to his teacher mother. This started the Little Free Library program.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Todd_Bol)(SFC, 3/24/20, p.A8)

2009        Investor George Soros set up the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET).
    (Econ, 11/23/13, p.59)
2009        Code for America, a non-partisan, non-political 501(c)3 organization, was founded to bring web-industry professionals to work with city governments in the United States in order to promote openness, participation, and efficiency in municipal governments.
2009        Dataminr, a New York startup, was launched to scour the Twittershphere for important events and news not yet reported by mainstream media.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.71)
2009        Fiverr was founded by Shai Wininger and Micha Kaufman as a global online marketplace offering tasks and services beginning at a cost of $5 per job performed. The Fiverr website was launched in February, 2010.
2009        Joel Simkhai created Grindr, a dating app for the iPhone that allowed gay men to find one another. The application used GPS technology to allow gay men to find one another within walking distance.
    (SFC, 3/19/10, p.F1)
2009        Microsoft donated PhotoDNA, a technology that creates a digital signature for photographs, to the National Center for Missing and Exploited children.
    (Econ, 6/25/16, p.71)

2009        The first perovskite solar cells were made. They converted 3.8% of the light falling on them into electricity. By 2015 the conversion was pushed up to about 20%.
    (Econ, 5/16/15, p.71)

2009        The world Muslim population was estimated at 1.57 billion, or about 23% of the global population of 6.8 billion, including 203 million in Indonesia, 174 million in Pakistan and 160 million in India.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.62)

2009         The US shut down a $24 million off the books intelligence-gathering program to track down suspected insurgent leaders in Afghanistan. The CIA and some military officials had complained that Michael Furlong, a senior Defense Dept. official, had hired contractors to run the program.
    (SFC, 3/24/10, p.A7)

2009        The average price of oil this year was $62 a barrel.
    (Econ, 4/14/12, p.65)

2009        The population of Antigua & Barbuda was around 85,000.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.42)

2009        Argentina under Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner introduced simultaneous open obligatory primaries.
    (Econ, 8/1/15, p.31)
2009        Argentina’s justice ministry, unable to face the truth, stopped publishing annual crime statistics.
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.56)

2009        Tony Abbott (b.1957), Australian politician and leader of the labor Party, authored his memoir “Battlelines."
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.54)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Abbott)
2009        Australian Jeff Lawton created his “Re-greening the Desert" video. In 1996 Lawton was accredited with the Permaculture Community Services Award by the permaculture movement for services in Australia and around the world.
2009        Australia’s Defence Signals Directorate (DSD), an intelligence agency, tried to tap the phones of Indonesia’s Pres. Susilo Bambang, as well as his wife and several of his innermost circle. This only became public in 2013.
    (Econ, 11/23/13, p.43)

2009        Bahrain’s population was about 800,000. Its GDP per person was $22,000.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.42)

2009        Botswana’s population stood at about 2 million.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.59)

2009        Brazil’s federal program Minha Casa Vida Minha (MCMV; My House My Life) was started to fund housing for the poor and middle classes.
    (Econ, 2/16/13, p.389)
2009        Banco do Brazil bought a 50% stake in Votorantim, a car finance specialist.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, SR p.11)
2009        Brazil’s population stood at about 192 million people.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, SR p.3)

2009        The English Defence League, an Islamophobic group, was formed in Luton by a solarium keeper (26) with the pseudonym Tommy Robinson. On October 13, 2013, Mr. Robinson that he and his right-hand man, Kevin Caroll, were quitting the EDL because it had been overrun by Nazi extremists.
    (Econ, 10/19/13, p.64)
2009        Britain’s Home Office estimated that 300 major importers brought in drugs and passed them to some 30,000 wholesalers, who then passed them to some 70,000 street dealers.
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.33)
2009        The population of Britain’s Channel Island of Jersey was about 92,000, with 13,000 people employed in financial services.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.59)

2009        Cambodia banned int’l. adoptions amid concerns that some children were being trafficked. The ban was lifted in 2013 and int’l. adoptions were expected to resume in 2014.
    (SFC, 12/5/13, p.A2)

2009        In Canada Jacques Mungwarere was arrested in Windsor, Ontario, and accused of participating in the 1994 massacre of Tutsis in Rwanda. In 2013 he was acquitted of charges.
    (SFC, 7/6/13, p.A2)

2009        China’s Ministry of Civil Affairs proposed “Document 26," which suggested that HIV-infected children and orphans whose parents have died of AIDS be given a monthly subsidy of 600 yuan ($95).
    (Economist, 9/8/12, p.41)
2009        In China's Inner Mongolia region a Russian Orthodox church in Ergun, 60 miles from the Russian border, was consecrated. Only registered members of the church are permitted to enter.
    (Econ., 5/9/20, p.31)
2009        Chinese researchers announced that they had reduced schistosomiasis infection rates in 2 villages near Poyang lake by replacing water buffaloes, a parasite host, with tractors and improved sanitation. The parasitic worm Schistosoma japonicum, carried by tiny snails, caused schistosomiasis, which stood as the world’s 2nd most prevalent disease.
    (Econ, 6/20/09, p.43)
2009        This year 6.1 million students will graduate from Chinese universities, nearly 6 times as many as in 2000. Next year the figure is expected to reach about 7 million.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.40)
2009        Mephedrone, an ecstacy-like drug, arrived in Europe about this time. It could be ordered cheaply from China from manufacturers who described it as “plant food" or “research chemicals."
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.55)
2009        In southern China the city of Yulin, Guangxi province, introduced an annual dog-eating festival.
    (Econ 7/8/17, p.38)
2009        This year 6.1 million students will graduate from Chinese universities, nearly 6 times as many as in 2000. Next year the figure is expected to reach about 7 million.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.40)
2009        In China divorces outnumbered marriages this year.
    (Econ, 11/22/14, p.40)

2009        In Kinshasa, Congo, the music group Staff Benda Bilili, all victims of polio, released their first album entitled “Tres, Tres Fort."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.60)(www.crammed.be/staffbendabilili/)
2009        CongoDRC nationalized First Quantum, a Canada based company. A third of the company’s profits had come its Congo mine.
    (Econ, 9/20/14, p.60)

2009        Mate Rimac (b.1988), founded Rimac Automobili, a Croatian electric-car-technology firm. The company's first car was introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2011. In 2018 the company unveiled its 2nd model, the 150 C Two.
    (Econ., 8/22/20, p.54)

2009        A US government contractor sent Serbian music promoter Rajko Bozic to Cuba to recruit Aldo Rodriguez, one of Havana's most notorious rappers, to spark a youth movement against the government. USAID later said the programs were part of a four-year contract that ended in 2012, but denied they were clandestine.
    (AP, 12/11/14)

2009        In the Dominican Rep. Canada’s Barrick Gold and Goldcorp began developing the Pueblo Viejo gold mine. The state-owned Rosario mine had been abandoned in 1999. Mining began in January 2013 with some $4 billion invested in the operation.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.38)

2009        Ecuador’s authorities seized over 73 tons of drugs, mostly cocaine, this year.
    (Econ, 3/27/10, p.42)

2009        Yusef Zeidan, Egyptian writer, won the Arabic Booker Prize for his novel “Azazil" (2008). It centered on a fifth-century debate between Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, over various arcane ecclesiastical and theological issues.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.54)
2009        Egypt passed a law allocating 64 seats out of 518 in the People’s Assembly to women.
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.30)
2009        Egypt’s population stood at about 82 million. Most of the people lived in the Nile Valley, an area smaller than Denmark.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.58)

2009        El Salvador counted 6,587 gang-related killings for the year.
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.56)

2009        The population of Equatorial Guinea was estimated to be about 600,000.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.44)

2009        The Zahra Center France, one of the biggest Shiite Muslim centers in France, was founded by Yahia Gouasmi, a pro-Iran activist and religious figure who has spoken in support of Hezbollah.
    (AFP, 10/2/18)
2009        France’s 194 prisons, with a capacity of 51,000, housed some 63,000 prisoners. It was estimated that 20% of the inmates were mentally il. Over half of the inmates were Muslim.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.57)

2009        Germany’s Hamburg theater staged an opera about IKEA, “Wunder von Schweden" (Miracle from Sweden), a biography of IKEA set to Swedish folk tunes.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.67)
2009        Germany adopted a constitutional debt break requiring state governments to blaance their budgets by 2020 and the federal one to do so by 2016.
    (Econ, 2/14/15, p.46)

2009        Greece’s budget deficit reached 12.7% of GDP this year.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.75)

2009        Greenland’s population numbered about 57,000. Danish subsidies amounted to about $11,000 per person per year.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.57)

2009        A US diplomatic cable, revealed by WikiLeaks, said Guinea-Bissau was in danger of becoming Africa's first narco-state.
    (AP, 3/10/19)

2009        Guyana's Pres. Bharrat Jagdeo (b.1964) introduced a low carbon development strategy.
    (Econ., 2/29/20, p.26)
2009        Two Guyana police officers reportedly doused Twyon Thomas with alcohol and set him ablaze while investigating the killing of a government official. The officers were freed after no witnesses testified against them. A judge later awarded the teen $32,000. In 2015 the national security minister demanded the dismissal of two policemen.
    (AP, 6/3/15)

2009        In Hong Kong 15 families controlled corporate assets worth 84% of GDP.
    (Econ, 2/14/09, p.88)

2009        Iceland introduced fines and jail terms for those who patronize prostitutes.
    (Econ, 4/20/13, p.63)

2009        In India armed violence in Manipur state left some 444 people dead this year.
    (Econ, 2/20/10, p.41)
2009        In India Ramalingu Raju, the boss of Satyam, confessed that he had cooked the company books on an epic scale. Within days the share value of India’s 4th largest technology firm collapsed by about 90%. In 2012 the company looked to be taken over by Tech Mahindra.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.63)
2009        More than 17,000 Indian farmers committed suicide, a seven percent rise on the previous year, according to new government figures released in 2011.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2009        Indonesia joined the G20 club of major economies.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.43)
2009        Indonesia’s population at this time numbered about 240 million people.
    (Econ, 4/4/09, p.18)

2009        In Italy comedian Beppe Grillo and communications executive Gianroberto Casaleggio (1954-2016) founded the Five Star Movement (M5S) stressing environmental commitment and political reform.
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.58)(Econ, 6/11/16, p.53)
2009        In Italy some 7% of the population was made up of immigrants.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.58)

2009        Jamaica recorded 1,672 murders, its highest number on record.
    (Econ, 3/13/10, p.40)

2009        Japan became the first large country to ban handheld mobile phone use while driving.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.37)
2009        Japan’s population of 127 million was set to decline.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.50)
2009        In Japan the yakuza, the country’s organized crime groups, boasted some 84,000 members, with half as part timers. They were estimated to bring in about $21 billion annually.
    (Econ, 2/28/09, p.44)

2009        Yahoo bought Maktoob, a Jordanian Internet portal, for $175 million.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.56)

2009        A new oil pipeline allowed Kazakhstan to export oil to China.
    (Econ, 7/27/19, p.18)

2009        In Mexico the number of drug-related killings this year rose to 6,600.
    (Econ, 3/27/10, p.41)

2009        Monaco’s population was about 33,000.

2009        Mongolia’s population numbered about 2.6 million people.
    (WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A12)

2009        Nepal’s population was estimated to be about 29.5 million.

2009        Luuk van Middelaar, Dutch political philosopher, authored “The Passage to Europe: How a Continent Became a Union." In 2012 it won the European Book Prize. In 2013 it came out in English.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.86)
2009        In the Netherlands actor and comedian Herman Koch authored his novel “The Dinner." It went on to sell over 1 million copies in 24 countries and in 2012 became available in English.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.72)
2009        Dutch engineer Taco Carlier co-founded VanMoof, an electrically assisted bicycle maker, with his brother.
    (Econ., 8/1/20, p.53)
2009        In the Netherlands 6 people died this year from Q-fever. Some 2,300 had become infected by Coxiella burnetti, the infectious bug responsible for the disease. The bug is released into the air during birthing or miscarriages by infected goats. 40,000 pregnant goats were slated to be destroyed in early 2010.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.52)

2009        Nigeria’s population reached about 160 million, making it Africa’s most populous country.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.31)

2009        Karl Ove Knausgard (b.1968), Norwegian writer, authored the first of his 6-volume autobiographical work: “My Struggle" (Min Kamp).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Ove_Knausg%C3%A5rd)(Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.14)

2009         Poland ended conscription in favor of an all-volunteer army.
    (Econ, 8/17/13, p.44)
2009        Polish singer Dorota Rabczewska expressed doubt about the Bible during an interview. She said “it’s hard to believe in something that was written by someone drunk on wine and smoking some herbs." In 2012 a Warsaw court slapped her with a $1,450 fine for bad mouthing the Bible.
    (SFC, 1/17/12, p.A2)

2009        Portugal’s budget deficit for the year reached 9.3% of GDP.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.84)

2009        Romanian Intelligence Service signed a secret protocol in which the agency promised to provide technical infrastructure for prosecutors and protect classified data obtained from legal phone and electronic tapping. In 2018 a human rights group criticized the phone tapping agreement, saying it exposes ordinary citizens to potential abuse.
    (AP, 6/19/18)

2009        Russia began to modernize the Syrian port of Tartus, its only military base outside the former Soviet Union.
    (Econ, 1/14/12, p.47)

2009        Rwanda officially pulled out of Congo DRC, but maintained a network of spies and allies in the eastern part of the country.
    (Econ 7/15/17, p.22)

2009        In Sierra Leone the African Minerals Corp. discovered magnetite at Tonkolili. This was said to be the world’s largest deposit of the mineral, used among other things, to coat industrial boilers.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/2d33v6h)

2009        Hijackings of ships this year by Somali pirates rose to 42 from 32 in 2008. The average ransom also rose from $1 million to $2 million.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.47)
2009        The US helped fund a training camp for nearly 1,000 Somali soldiers in neighboring Djibouti. The French-trained troops were supposed to earn $100 per month, but about half of them deserted because they were not paid. Some returned to ordinary life and others joined the al-Shabab rebels.
    (SFC, 4/28/10, p.A3)

2009        South Africa’s population stood at about 50 million. The white population was about 4.5 million It was one of the world’s most violent countries with some 50 murders, 100 rapes, 700 burglaries and 500-plus violent assaults per day. Only one in ten rapes was believed to be recorded.
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.58)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.52)

2009        In South Korea an average of 40 people a day took their lives this year.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.44)

2009        Spain’s treasurer Luis Barcenas resigned from his job after being indicted in a scheme of kickbacks and illegal payments to other Popular Party politicians. In 2013 Swiss authorities informed the Spanish judiciary that Barcenas had amassed as much as 22 million euros in Swiss bank accounts.
    (SSFC, 1/20/13, p.A5)

2009        In Sudan the Chinese-built Merowe dam was completed at a cost of more than $2 billion. It doubled Sudan's power generation capacity. It also displaced 15,000 families, who were ordered to leave their homes three years ago to make way for the dam and the huge reservoir that formed behind it.
    (AFP, 12/21/11)
2009        In southern Sudan over 2,500 were killed and 400,000 displaced mostly after cattle raids between tribes.
    (Econ, 5/8/10, p.50)

2009        Swedish doctors created a virtual autopsy system using computed tomography.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, p.90)

2009        Switzerland changed its customs law and required collectors to detail the contents of their storage lockers.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.73)

2009        Syria’s population numbered about 22 million people, including about 1.5 million Kurds.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.50)

2009        The population of Tanzania was about 41 million.

2009        Thailand authorities arrested Maksym Shynkarenko of Ukraine for distributing child pornography. In 2012 he was extradited to the US and charged in a 32-count indictment.
    (SFC, 6/12/12, p.A6)

2009        Uganda’s population stood at about 33 million people.
    (Econ, 11/14/09, p.60)

2009        UAE love guru Widad Lootah published the much-debated Muslim sex guide "Top Secret: Sexual Guidance for Married Couples."
    (AP, 2/13/12)
2009        Footage emerged of an Emirati sheikh torturing an Afghan grain merchant, pouring sand into his mouth and eyes and setting him alight before repeatedly running him over. The sheikh was absolved in court, following short-lived expressions of horror from Western policymakers.
    (Econ, 3/25/17, p.75)

2009         The UN estimated the illegal drug industry is worth some $320 billion a year.
    (Econ, 3/7/09, p.15)

2009        Police in Uruguay seized a large amount of cocaine from an anchored yacht as part of an operation dubbed “Balkan Warrior." 2.7 tons were seized in the operation. In 2010 Serbia indicted Darko Saric, a Serb citizen from Montenegro, and 19 associates of smuggling drugs from South America to Europe. Saric disappeared but financial documents linked him to companies registered in the Marshall Islands and Delaware via the Bank of Cyprus and an Austrian bank in Montenegro. 
    (Econ, 5/8/10, p.56)

2009        Venezuela counted some 19,133 murders for this year, over 4 times the number before Pres. Chavez became president. On Dec 9, 2010, the Provea human rights group said 13,985 people were murdered in Venezuela in 2009 and that the figure could be significantly higher, alluding to the rampant crime that has become a central concern of Venezuelans.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.30)(AP, 12/9/10)

2009        The population of Yemen was about 24 million scattered over some 150,000 settlements. The Zaydi sect, a quietist branch of Shia Islam, made up about a third.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.49)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.45)
2009        Yemen received about $70 million in military aid from the US. In 2011 the military aid was planned to reach $250 million.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.51)

2009        In Zambia brothers Brad and Brett founded Zooma, a money-transfer business. In 2016 it processed $200 million in transactions.
    (Econ, 4/15/17, p.63)
2009        Zambian Airways was liquidated. The government refused to let foreign airlines use Lusaka as a hub in the unlikely event that the airline would one day fly again.
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.55)

2009        In Zimbabwe Godknows Nare produced a documentary on the conditions of the country’s jails and prisons titled “Hell Hole."
    (SFC, 4/2/09, p.A2)

2009-2010    Guatemala suffered a severe drought following be sever flooding that together caused losses of $1.5 billion.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.28)

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