Return to home1989 Jan 1,
British PM Margaret Thatcher distanced herself from US vows to
punish whoever bombed Pam Am Flight 103, saying in a TV interview
that revenge "can affect innocent people."
1989 Jan 2, PTL founders Jim
and Tammy Faye Bakker returned to the television pulpit for the
first time in two years, broadcasting from a borrowed house in
1989 Jan 4, US Navy F-14s shot
down 2 Libyan jet fighters over Mediterranean.
1989 Jan 5, Lawrence E. Walsh,
the special prosecutor in the Iran-Contra case, asked for a
dismissal of two charges against Oliver North, citing the Reagan
administration's refusal to release material sought by North.
1989 Jan 6, The United States
presented photographic evidence to the U.N. Security Council to
justify its shootdown of two Libyan jet fighters as self-defense,
evidence the Libyan ambassador said was faked.
1989 Jan 7, Emperor Hirohito of
Japan died at age 87 after the longest reign in the history of Japan
(1922-89); he was succeeded by Crown Prince Akihito. Heisei, which
means Peace and Prosperity, was adopted as the new reign name. For
the first time since 1955, the Liberal Democratic Party lost its
majority in the Diet's Upper House. In 1989 Edward Behr authored
"Hirohito: Behind the Myth." In 2000 Herbert P. Bix authored
"Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan." Hirohito was a marine
biologist and collector. His work included the illustrated book
"Crabs of Sagami Bay."
(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)(AP, 1/7/98)(WSJ,
8/30/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 5/29/01, p.A20)
1989 Jan 8, "42nd Street"
closed at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 3,486 performances.
1989 Jan 8, Forty-seven people
were killed when a British Midland Boeing 737-400 carrying 126
passengers crashed in central England. The pilots shut down the good
engine and tried to land with a bad one.
(AP, 1/8/99)(WSJ, 10/3/01, p.A20)
1989 Jan 8, Soviet Union
promised to eliminate stockpiles of chemical weapons.
1989 Jan 9, The Supreme Court
agreed to consider the Webster abortion case the same day that
Surgeon General C. Everett Koop advised President Reagan he would
not issue a report on the health risks of abortion.
1989 Jan 9, Evan Bayh (b.1955)
began office as Indiana state governor and continued to 1997. In
1998 he was elected as a US Senator for Indiana. In 2010 he decided
not to seek re-election.
1989 Jan 10, Cuba began
withdrawing its troops from Angola, more than 13 years after its
first contingents arrived.
1989 Jan 10, In
Montenegro Communist League members like Momir Bulatovic and
Svetozar Marovic, Dukanovic and Milo Dukanovic (26) effectively
gained power through full institutional control.
1989 Jan 11, President Reagan
bade the nation farewell in an address from the Oval Office.
1989 Jan 11, A kindergarten
student was caught with loaded handgun at a Bronx school.
1989 Jan 12, President-elect
Bush completed the selection of his Cabinet, naming retired Adm.
James D. Watkins secretary of energy and former education secretary
William J. Bennett drug czar.
1989 Jan 12, Idi Amin was
expelled from Zaire (later CongoDRC) and forced to return to Saudi
1989 Jan 13, New York City
subway gunman Bernhard H. Goetz was sentenced to one year in prison
for possessing an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot four youths
he said were about to rob him. Goetz was freed the following
1989 Jan 13, There was a sit-in
at SF General Hosp. by ACT-UP to call attention to the difficulty of
obtaining foscarnet, a drug to stabilize CMV retinitis, a common
AIDS illness that could lead to blindness.
(SFC, 3/22/97, p.A13)
1989 Jan 14, President Reagan
delivered his 331st and last weekly radio address, telling
listeners, "Believe me, Saturdays will never seem the same. I'll
miss you." In 2001 Peggy Noonan authored the Reagan biography "When
character Was King."
(AP, 1/14/99)(WSJ, 11/15/01, p.A24)
1989 Jan 15, Betty Jeanne
Solomon was shot and killed in Greenburgh, NY. Schoolteacher Carolyn
Warmus was later convicted and sentenced 25 years to life in prison
for killing her lover's wife in a case dubbed "Fatal Attraction."
Warmus, who maintained her innocence, was released from prison in
(SFC, 6/19/19, p.A5)
1989 Jan 15, NATO, the Warsaw
Pact and 12 other European countries adopted a human rights and
security agreement in Vienna, Austria.
1989 Jan 16, Three days of
rioting erupted in Miami when a police officer fatally shot a black
motorcyclist, causing a crash that also claimed the life of a
1989 Jan 17, Five children were
shot to death at the Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton,
Calif., by a drifter who then killed himself. Patrick Henry Purdy
(27), an alcoholic with a gun fetish, had gone to school there.
(AP, 1/17/99)(SFC, 10/4/06, p.A1)
1989 Jan 18, The US Supreme
Court upheld a tough, year-old sentencing system for people
convicted of federal crimes, overruling more than 150 trial judges
who had struck down the guidelines.
1989 Jan 18, Astronomers
discovered pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC).
1989 Jan 18, Bruce Chatwin
(b.1940), British travel writer, died of AIDS in France. His books
included "In Patagonia" (1984) "Songlines," "The Viceroy of Ouidah,"
and "On the Black Hill." In 1997 a collection of incidental writing
was published: "Anatomy of Restlessness."
(SFEC, 8/10/97, BR
1989 Jan 19, Pres Reagan
pardoned George Steinbrenner for illegal funds for Nixon.
1989 Jan 19, The US Senate
Foreign Relations Committee voted unanimously to recommend that the
full Senate approve the nomination of James A. Baker to be secretary
1989 Jan 19, Israel’s Minister
of Defense Rabin proposed that Palestinians end the intifadah in
exchange for an opportunity to elect local leaders who would
negotiate with the Israeli government.
1989 Jan 20, George Bush was
sworn in as the 41st president of the United States; Dan Quayle was
sworn in as vice president. Reagan became the 1st pres elected in a
"0" year, since 1840, to leave office alive.
1989 Jan 21, Former Ku Klux
Klan leader David Duke led a field of seven candidates in an open
primary to advance to a runoff election for a Louisiana state House
1989 Jan 21, Billy Tipton
(b.1914), jazz musician, died. Billy passed for a man for over 50
years with 5 marriages. In 1998 Diane Wood Middlebrook published
"Suits Me: The Double Life of Billy Tipton."
(SFEC, 6/28/98, BR
1989 Jan 22, In Super Bowl
XXXIII, the San Francisco 49ers came from behind to defeat the
Cincinnati Bengals 20-to-16 in Miami's Joe Robbie Stadium. Joe
Montana rifled a 10-yard touchdown pass to John Taylor with just 34
seconds left in the game to win.
(AP, 1/22/99)(SSFC, 1/19/14, DB p.42)
1989 Jan 23, Vital Gaguine,
leftist Argentine guerrilla, during a rebel attack on a military
barracks in Buenos Aires. He was later identified as the bomber
hired by the Sandinistas to kill Eden Pastora Gomez (May 30, 1984),
a Nicaraguan anticommunist revolutionary.
1989 Jan 23, A challenge to
"Who is a Jew" law was filed in Israeli Supreme Court.
1989 Jan 23, Surrealist artist
Salvador Dali died in his native Spain at age 84. His autobiography
was titled "Secret Life of Salvadore Dali." His work included 2
surrealist films made with Luis Bunuel: "Un Chien Andalou" and
"L'Age d'Or." In 1984 Rafael Santos Torroella (d.2002 at 88), art
historian, authored "La Miel Es Mas Dulce Que La Sangre" (Honey Is
Sweeter Than Blood), considered one of the most important studies of
Dali’s art. In 1998 Albert Field (d.2003), Dali expert, published
his "Official Catalogue of the Graphic Works of Salvador Dali." In
1999 Ian Gibson published "The Shameful Life of Salvador Dali."
(AP, 1/23/99)(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A16)(SFEC, 7/16/00,
p.T4)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A26)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A25)
1989 Jan 24, Physicians 1st
reported a case of AIDS transmitted by heterosexual oral sex.
1989 Jan 24, Confessed serial
killer Theodore Bundy was put to death in Florida's electric chair
for the 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Kimberly Leach.
1989 Jan 25, Michael Jordan
scored his 10,000th NBA point in his 5th season.
1989 Jan 25, The US Senate
Armed Services Committee opened confirmation hearings on the
nomination of John Tower to be secretary of defense.
1989 Jan 26, L. Douglas Wilder,
the lieutenant governor of Virginia, launched his successful
campaign to become the first elected black governor of a U.S. state.
1989 Jan 27, President Bush
held an informal White House news conference in which he defended a
widely criticized pay raise for Congress scheduled to go into effect
the following month.
1989 Jan 28, In Antarctica an
Argentine navy ship, the Bahia Paraiso, was wrecked on rocks next to
DeLaca Island, near the US Palmer Station scientific base. It was
still leaking diesel fuel in 1996 and had decimated imperial
cormorant and kelp gull bird population.
1989 Jan 28, In Hungary
official Imre Pozsgay described the 1956 Hungarian Revolution as a
popular uprising, a startling contradiction of the official
Communist view that the revolt was a counter-revolution.
1989 Jan 29, West German
Chancellor Helmut Kohl's Christian Democratic Union suffered a major
setback in West Berlin municipal elections.
1989 Jan 30, Former criminal
defense lawyer Joel Steinberg was convicted in NYC of first-degree
manslaughter in the 1987 death of his illegally adopted 6-year-old
daughter, Lisa. On March 24 he was sentenced from 8 1/3 to 25 years
1989 Jan 30, Ilene Misheloff
(13) disappeared in Dublin, Ca., while walking home from school.
(SFC, 1/29/99, p.A18)(SFC, 1/29/09, p.A1)
1989 Jan 31, Jury selection
began in the trial of former National Security Council aide Oliver
North, charged in connection with the Iran-Contra affair. He was
later convicted on three counts, but those convictions were set
aside, and the case was not retried.
1989 Jan 31, Jack Douglas
(b.1908), humorist and comedy writer, died. His several books
included “My Brother Was an Only Child" (1960), “Never Trust a Naked
Bus Driver" (1960), and “Rubber Duck" (1979).
1989 Jan, In South Africa Abu
Baker Aswat, a Soweto doctor, was killed. Thulani Dlamini was later
convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison. Dlamini testified in
1997 that Winnie Madikizela Mandela paid him for the murder.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.C2)
1989 Jan, In Spain ETA called
a unilateral truce to help ultimately unsuccessful peace talks in
1989 Jan, In Tibet Choekyi
Gyaltsen, the Panchen Lama, died in Tashilumpo Monastery. In 2000
Isabel Hilton authored "The Search for the Panchen Lama."
(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W9)
1989 Jan-1989 Feb, Robert Young
(20) of Oakland, Ca., shot and killed 3 people over three weeks in
drug-related incidents. He was sentenced to death in 1990, but a
psychologist testified that Young had an IQ of 75. In 2006 the
California Supreme court ordered new legal proceedings for possible
exemption from death due to his being mentally retarded.
(SFC, 10/14/06, p.B2)
1989 Feb 1, In his first
diplomatic mission of the Bush administration, Vice President Dan
Quayle began a trip to Venezuela and El Salvador.
1989 Feb 2, President Bush met
at the White House with Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita,
after which both leaders sounded upbeat about U.S-Japanese
1989 Feb 3, John Cassavetes
(b.1929), Greek-American actor and film director, died. His films
included "Gloria" (1980), "Love Streams" (1984) and "A Woman Under
the Influence." An unproduced script was later made into the 1997
film "She’s So Lovely," by his son. In 2006 Marshall Fine authored
“Accidental Genius," a biography of Cassavetes.
1989 Feb 3, Gen’l. Andres
Rodriguez (d.1997 at 73) staged a coup to oust Gen’l. Alfredo
Stroessner. Stroessner, president of Paraguay for more than three
decades, was overthrown in the military coup. Some 300 people were
killed. Col. Lino Oviedo (1943-2013) led the army unit that captured
(SFC, 4/22/97, p.A3)(AP, 2/3/99)(SFC, 8/17/06,
p.A10)(Econ, 2/9/13, p.38)
1989 Feb 4, Soviet Foreign
Minister Eduard Shevardnadze wrapped up four days of high-level
talks in China, the first visit by a Soviet foreign minister in
1989 Feb 5, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
(b.1947) became the 1st NBA player to score 38,000 points.
1989 Feb 5, The Soviet Union
announced that all but a small rear-guard contingent of its troops
had left Afghanistan.
1989 Feb 6, Lech Walesa began
negotiating with Polish government.
1989 Feb 6, Pulitzer
Prize-winning historian Barbara W. Tuchman died in Greenwich, Conn.,
at age 77.
1989 Feb 7, Bowing to public
outrage, both US houses of Congress voted to kill their scheduled 51
percent pay increase.
1989 Feb 7, In Argentina
devaluation caused a wild panic in the financial district of Buenos
1989 Feb 8, Jockey Chris Antley
(1966-2000) began a record of 64 consecutive winning days.
1989 Feb 8, In the Azores 144
people were killed when an American-chartered Boeing 707 filled with
Italian tourists slammed into fog-covered Santa Maria mountain.
1989 Feb 9, President Bush, in
his first major speech to Congress, proposed a $1.16 trillion
"common sense" budget for fiscal 1990.
1989 Feb 9, In Missouri Kelli
Hall (17) was abducted as she finished her shift at a gas station in
suburban St. Louis. Her naked body was found 13 days later on a St.
Louis County farm. Jeffrey Hall (59), who was convicted for her
murder and sentenced to death, was executed on March 26, 2014.
(SFC, 3/27/14, p.A9)
1989 Feb 10, Ron Brown was
elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee, becoming the
first black to head a major U.S. political party.
1989 Feb 10, In Jamaica Michael
Manley (1924-1997) re-emerged and trounced Seaga in national
elections. He dropped his anti-imperialist rhetoric and espoused
capitalism, private investment and good relations with the US. He
began an economic overhaul program.
(SFC, 3/8/96, p.A21)(WSJ, 4/29/97,
1989 Feb 11, Reverend Barbara
C. Harris became the first woman consecrated as a bishop in the
Episcopal Church, in a ceremony held in Boston.
1989 Feb 12, The special
prosecutor in the Iran-Contra case and the Justice Department
reached an agreement on protecting classified materials aimed at
allowing the trial of Oliver North to proceed.
1989 Feb 12, In Ohio the body
of Joy Stewart (22) was found raped and fatally stabbed in Preble
County. She was eight months pregnant at the time. Dennis McGuire
was later convicted and sentenced to death. On Jan 16, 2014, McGuire
(53) was executed by a new combination of lethal drugs. The process
took nearly 25 minutes from injection to death and left him gasping
for air in the final minutes.
p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/kdp2x6z)(SFC, 1/17/14, p.A8)
1989 Feb 12, Thomas Bernhard
(b.1931), Austrian novelist and playwright, died. He hated petty and
conservative Austrian qualities and was known as a teller of
difficult truths. His 1963 novel “Frost" was published in the US in
1989 Feb 12, In Belfast Pat
Finucane, a lawyer active in the defense of IRA suspects, was shot
and killed by a lone gunman as he sat down to dinner with his family
at home. The Ulster Defense Association claimed responsibility but
nobody was ever charged. In 1999 a report asserted that the British
army was linked to the slaying. A suspect (48) was arrested in 1999.
In 2003 a London police report said the British Army and police were
involved in the murder. In 2004 Ken Barrett (41), former Protestant
paramilitary and police informer in Northern Ireland, was sentenced
to 22 years in prison for the murder of Finucane. In Oct 12, 2011,
Britain offered an official apology for its forces' role in the 1989
killing of a Northern Ireland lawyer and pledged to publish a public
report into the extent of police and army collusion in the attack.
The report in December 2012 found shocking levels of state
(SFC, 2/12/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/24/99, p.A12)(AP,
4/17/03)(AP, 9/16/04)(AP, 10/12/11)(AP, 12/12/12)
1989 Feb 12, In Pakistan 5
Moslem rioters were killed in Islamabad protesting the "Satanic
1989 Feb 13, The judge in the
Iran-Contra trial of Oliver North sent the jury home amid a
continuing disagreement between the prosecution and defense over
protecting classified materials.
1989 Feb 13, The racing yacht
Thursday’s Child broke the 1851, 89-day record, set by the clipper
Flying Cloud, for sailing from NY to San Francisco around South
(SSFC, 9/22/13, p.C1)(http://tinyurl.com/m8bbh4f)
1989 Feb 14, Iran's Ayatollah
Khomeini called on Muslims to kill Salman Rushdie, author of "The
Satanic Verses," a novel condemned as blasphemous. Several
translators of the book were later killed or wounded.
(TMC, 1994, p.1989)(SFEC, 8/31/97, p.A2)(AP,
1989 Feb 14, Union Carbide
agreed to pay $470 million to the government of India in a
court-ordered settlement of the 1984 Bhopal gas leak disaster.
1989 Feb 15, The Soviet Union
announced that the last of its troops had left Afghanistan, after
more than nine years of military intervention.
(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(AP, 2/15/98)
1989 Feb 16, Investigators in
Lockerbie, Scotland, said a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette
player was what brought down Pan Am Flight 103 the previous
December, killing all 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground.
1989 Feb 17, Iran's President
Ali Khamenei said Salman Rushdie, author of "The Satanic Verses,"
could save himself from a death sentence pronounced by Ayatollah
Khomeini if he were to apologize for his book, which was regarded as
1989 Feb 18, Author Salman
Rushdie, under a death sentence from Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini for
his book "The Satanic Verses," expressed regret for any distress
he'd caused Muslims.
1989 Feb 19, Iran's Ayatollah
Khomeini rejected the apology of "Satanic Verses" author Salman
Rushdie, exhorting Muslims to "send him to hell" for committing
1989 Feb 20, US agents and NYC
police arrested 12 people and confiscated 100 lbs heroin at 3 homes
1989 Feb 20, Members of the
European Economic Community decided to withdraw their top diplomats
from Iran to protest Ayatollah Khomeini's order for Muslims to kill
author Salman Rushdie.
1989 Feb 21, President Bush
called Ayatollah Khomeini's death warrant against "Satanic Verses"
author Salman Rushdie "deeply offensive to the norms of civilized
1989 Feb 21, Fifty four members
of the 14 K triad were arrested in 4 countries (US, Canada, Hong
Kong and Singapore). Some 800 pounds of heroin were seized,
supposedly worth a billion dollars at street prices. US police
estimated that Chinese organized crime, and not the Mafia, provided
70 to 80 per cent of all heroin smuggled into New York City.
1989 Feb 22, Iran's Ayatollah
Khomeini, who had sentenced author Salman Rushdie to death, said
economic sanctions would not change his stance, and that publication
of Rushdie's "The Satanic Verses" was a sign from God that Iran
should not reach out to the West.
1989 Feb 23, The US Senate
Armed Services Committee voted against recommending the nomination
of John Tower to become secretary of defense.
1989 Feb 23, Algeria adopted a
new, relatively liberal constitution. It disestablished the ruling
party and made no mention of socialism, while promising freedom of
expression, association, and assembly.
1989 Feb 24, A cargo door blew
off a United Air Lines Boeing 747-100 flying near Hawaii; the
explosive release of pressure pulled nine passengers to their
1989 Feb 24, In Utah a
150-million-year-old fossil egg, still inside the mother, was found
by CAT scan to contain the oldest dinosaur embryo.
1989 Feb 24, Writer Salman
Rushdie was sentenced to death by the Iranian government for writing
1989 Feb 24, A state funeral
was held in Japan for Emperor Hirohito, who died the month before at
1989 Feb 25, President Bush
left Japan, where he had attended the funeral of Emperor Hirohito,
and arrived in China for a three-day visit.
1989 Feb 26, The musical
"Jerome Robbins' Broadway" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 634
1989 Feb 26, US Defense
Secretary-designate John Tower, dogged by questions about a possible
drinking problem, publicly pledged not to drink any alcohol during
his term of office if confirmed by the Senate.
1989 Feb 26, President Bush's
visit to China was marred by the refusal of Chinese authorities to
allow dissident Fang Lizhi to attend a banquet hosted by Bush.
1989 Feb 27, President Bush
warned of what he called the "fool's gold" of trade protectionism as
he addressed South Korea's National Assembly before returning home.
1989 Feb 27, Konrad Lorenz
(b.1903), Austrian zoologist (Nobel 1973), died. He studied
instinctive behaviour in animals, especially in grey geese and is
considered to be the founder of modern ethology. He discovered the
principle of imprinting in psychology. His books included “King
Solomon’s Ring" (1952).
1989 Feb 27, In Venezuela riots
took place in Caracas. Known as the "Caracazo," they were triggered
by a hike in gasoline prices and public transportation fares. The
government said at least 300 people died, but some rights activists
say hundreds more were killed — many of them shot by security forces
struggling to re-establish order. In 2011 retired generals Freddy
Maya Cardona of the National Guard and Luis Fuentes Serra of the
Caracas police were charged for their roles in some of the deaths.
1989 Feb 28, In Chicago Richard
M. Daley, son of Mayor Richard J. Daley who served as mayor for 21
years, defeated acting Mayor Eugene Sawyer in a Democratic primary
(SFC, 2/24/99, p.A3)(AP, 2/28/99)
1989 Feb 28, Early morning
firebombs exploded in two Berkeley bookstores that sold the
controversial novel “The Satanic Verses." No injuries were reported.
(SSFC, 2/23/14, DB p.42)
1989 Feb 28, Humorist-poet
Richard Armour (82) died in Claremont, Calif.
1989 Feb, The Slovenes formed
an opposition party to Communist rule.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1989 Feb, In Paraguay Gen’l.
Andres Rodriguez (d.1997 at 73) staged a coup to oust Gen’l. Alfredo
(SFC, 4/22/97, p.A3)
1989 Feb, In Venezuela Carlos
Andres Peres took office and instituted bold reform plans. Increases
in fuel costs and government reforms in Venezuela sparked extensive
rioting and looting with hundreds of people killed.
(WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A-1) (WSJ,
5/22/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A16)
1989 Mar 1, The Senate
overwhelmingly approved Dr. Louis W. Sullivan to be secretary of
health and human services and Adm. James D. Watkins to be secretary
1989 Mar 1, Charlie Francis,
the coach of Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson (b.1961), testified that
Johnson began using steroids in 1981.
1989 Mar 1, The 1987 divorce
between Julianne Phillips and Bruce Springsteen (b.1949) was
1989 Mar 1, Prairie Meadows
racetrack in Polk County near Des Moines, Iowa, opened for business.
It lost money until it was converted to a casino in April, 1995.
(WSJ, 6/24/96, B1,11)
1989 Mar 1, Three teenagers in
New Jersey assaulted a mentally retarded girl with a broom and a
baseball bat as up to ten classmates watched. They were sentenced to
up to 15 years in a youth facility in 1997. In 1997 Prof. Bernard
Lefkowitz wrote "Our Guys," an investigation of the events
surrounding the crime.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 11/16/97, BR p.3)
1989 Mar 2, Madonna's "Like a
Prayer" premiered on worldwide Pepsi commercial.
1989 Mar 2, Gloria Estefan
(b.1957) and the Miami Sound Machine received the 1st star on the
Latin Star Walk on Calle Ocho, the main street of Little Havana in
1989 Mar 2, Exxon Houston ran
aground in Hawaii and spilled 117,000 gallons of oil.
1989 Mar 2, Representatives
from the 12 European Community nations agreed to ban all production
of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) by the end of this century.
1989 Mar 3, US Senate
Republican leader Bob Dole suggested that Defense
Secretary-designate John Tower be given the opportunity to appear
before the Senate to answer allegations against him.
1989 Mar 3, Robert McFarlane,
former US National Security Advisor under Pres. R. Reagan, got a
$20,000 fine and 2 years probation for the Iran-Contra affair.
1989 Mar 3, Machinists struck
Eastern Airlines and pilots honored the picket lines.
1989 Mar 4, Time Inc. and
Warner Communications Inc. announced a deal valued at $14 million to
merge into the world's largest media and entertainment conglomerate.
The supreme court of Delaware had judged that Time’s directors could
reject a $200-per-share hostile offer from Paramount, forcing
shareholders to accept a $138 friendly bid from Warner.
(AP, 3/4/99)(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)(Econ, 3/11/06,
1989 Mar 4, Eastern Airlines
machinists went on strike and were joined by pilots and flight
1989 Mar 5, Machinists striking
Eastern Airlines withdrew an immediate threat to picket the nation's
railroads, after a federal judge issued an order temporarily
prohibiting rail workers from honoring the Eastern picket lines.
1989 Mar 6, With nearly 90
percent of its pilots honoring the picket lines of striking
machinists, Eastern Airlines shut down operations on all but three
1989 Mar 6, Harry Andrews
(b.1911), English actor, died in Sussex, England. His films included
“Helen of Troy" (1956) and “Equus" (1977).
1989 Mar 7, US Secretary of
State James A. Baker III met with Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze in Vienna, Austria. Baker agreed to visit Moscow the
following May to discuss prospects for a summit between Pres. Bush
and Soviet Pres. Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1989 Mar 7, Britain dropped
diplomatic relations with Iran over Salmon Rushdie's book.
1989 Mar 8, In Lebanon daily
artillery barrages between Christian and Syrian forces and their
militia allies began in Beirut; at least 930 people were killed
before a cease-fire took hold the following September.
1989 Mar 9, Wendy Wasserstein's
"Heidi Chronicles," first produced by the Seattle Repertory Theater,
opened on Broadway at the Plymouth Theater.
1989 Mar 9, The Senate rejected
President Bush's nomination of John Tower to be defense secretary by
a vote of 53-47.
1989 Mar 9, Eastern Airlines
filed for bankruptcy.
1989 Mar 9, Soviet Union
officially submitted to jurisdiction of the World Court.
1989 Mar 9, Robert Mapplethorpe
(42), US photographer, died. In 2010 Patti Smith (63), his former
girlfriend, authored “Just Kids," a memoir of their 2-decade
1989 Mar 10, One day after the
Senate rejected the defense secretary nomination of John Tower,
President Bush announced he would nominate Wyoming Rep. Dick Cheney,
who was later confirmed.
1989 Mar 11, Former World Bank
head John J. McCloy, who had advised several presidents, died in
Stamford, Conn., at age 93.
1989 Mar 12, Some 2,500
veterans and supporters marched at the Art Institute of Chicago to
demand that officials remove an American flag placed on the floor as
part of a student's exhibit.
1989 Mar 12, In the SF Bay Area
two hikers found the sexually assaulted body of Sheila Lorraine
Hatcher (27), a Daly City resident, in a ravine on San Bruno
Mountain. In 2014 police arrested Gabriel O’Neill (45) of Brisbane
after DNA evidence linked him to the case. In 2017 Gabriel Ray
O’Neill (48) of Brisbane was found not guilty following nearly a
month-long trial. His DNA had been found on the victim.
(SFC, 6/13/14, p.D4)(SFC, 5/24/17, p.D5)
1989 Mar 12, In India the
National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) was formed with
Dhananjoy Reang (former Vice-President of the Tripura National
Volunteers) as its "chairman."
1989 Mar 13, The U.S. Food and
Drug Administration began a quarantine of all fruit imported from
Chile after traces of cyanide were found in two Chilean grapes.
1989 Mar 13, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a five-day
1989 Mar 13, In Canada a
transformer failure on one of the main power transmission lines in
the HydroQuebec system precipitated a catastrophic collapse of the
entire power grid. The string of events that produced the collapse
took only 90 seconds from start to finish. The transformer failure
was a direct consequence of ground induced currents from a solar
flare. 6 million people lost electrical power for 9 or more hours.
(www.windows.ucar.edu/spaceweather/blackout.html)(ON, 4/12, p.6)
1989 Mar 14, In a policy shift,
the Bush administration announced an indefinite ban on imports of
semiautomatic assault rifles.
1989 Mar 15, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev convened a two-day meeting of the Communist
Party's Central Committee to decide on agricultural reforms.
1989 Mar 16, The Soviet
Communist Party's Central Committee approved sweeping agricultural
reforms and elected the party's 100 members to the Congress of
People's Deputies, a new legislative body.
1989 Mar 17, The Senate
unanimously confirmed Wyoming Congressman Dick Cheney to be
secretary of defense, following the failed nomination of former Sen.
1989 Mar 18, The space shuttle
Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, completing
a five-day mission.
1989 Mar 19, Alfredo Cristiani
of the right-wing ARENA party was elected president of El Salvador,
defeating Fidel Chavez Mena of the Christian Democratic Party.
1989 Mar 19, Muslim gunners
fire rockets into Christian areas of Lebanon.
1989 Mar 20, Baseball
Commissioner Peter Ueberroth confirmed that his office was
investigating "serious allegations" involving Cincinnati Reds
Manager Pete Rose. Ueberroth's successor, A. Bartlett Giamatti,
later banned Rose from baseball for betting on games.
1989 Mar 20, In Northern
Ireland Harry Breen and Bob Buchanan, two senior Northern Ireland
police officers, were murdered by the Irish Republican Army outside
the village of Jonesborough, County Armagh. On Dec 3, 2013, a
judge-led inquiry in London found that Irish police colluded in the
1989 Mar 21, Randall Dale
Adams, whose conviction for killing a police officer was overturned
after the documentary "The Thin Blue Line" challenged evidence, was
released from a Texas prison.
1989 Mar 22, US Supreme Court
upheld 1 person 1 vote rule of NYC Board of Estimate.
1989 Mar 22, National Football
League Commissioner Pete Rozelle announced plans to retire.
1989 Mar 22, Fawn Hall, Oliver
North's former secretary, began two days of testimony at North's
Iran-Contra trial in Washington.
1989 Mar 22, Ann Harrison (15)
was abducted as she waited for a school bus in front of her home in
Raytown, Missouri. African-Americans Roderick Nunley and Michael
Taylor forced her into a stolen car, raped and stabbed her to death.
They left her body in the boot of the car. Taylor and Nunley were
convicted and sentenced to death. In 2006 their execution was
postponed pending a decision on whether lethal injection constitutes
cruel and unusual punishment. On Feb 26, 2014, Taylor was executed.
7/22/06, p.36)(SFC, 2/27/14, p.A8)
1989 Mar 23 Fawn Hall, former
secretary to onetime National Security Council aide Oliver North,
completed two days of testimony at North’s Iran-Contra trial.
1989 Mar 23, Stanley Pons and
Martin Fleischmann, Univ. of Utah scientists, claimed they had
produced atomic fusion at room temperature.
(SS, 3/23/02)(WSJ, 9/5/03, p.B1)
1989 Mar 24, Good Friday. The
nation's worst oil spill occurred as the supertanker Exxon Valdez
ran aground on a reef in Alaska's Prince William Sound and began
leaking 11 million gallons of crude. The Exxon Valdez struck ground
in Alaska’s Prince William Sound and spilled 10.6 million gallons of
oil. It was later renamed the Mediterranean and operated between
Europe and the Middle East. Exxon then spent some $2.5 billion to
clean up the spill and filed suit against Lloyd’s of London for
reimbursement under a $210 million insurance policy. In 1996 a jury
in Houston voted that Lloyd’s and some 250 other underwriters should
compensate Exxon $250 million. The Exxon Valdez oil spill fouled
approximately 1,000 miles of Alaska shoreline. The oil tanker ran
aground in Prince William Sound, spilling some 11 million gallons of
crude oil. An estimated 250,000 seabirds were killed. The Exxon
Valdez spilled 240,000 barrels of oil in Alaska's Prince William
(AP, 3/23/97)(TMC, 1994, p.1989)(SFC, 5/5/96,
p.A-11)(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T5)(HNQ, 8/14/99)
1989 Mar 25, In the wake of the
Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska's chief
environmental officer, Dennis Kelso, criticized cleanup efforts as
1989 Mar 26, The first free
elections took place in the Soviet Union. Boris Yeltsin was elected.
Voters in the Soviet Union filled 1,500 of more than 2,000 seats in
the new Congress of People's Deputies, beginning embarrassing
defeats for the Communist Party.
(AP, 3/26/99)(HN, 3/25/98)
1989 Mar 27, Boris N. Yeltsin
and other anti-establishment candidates claimed victory in
parliamentary elections for the new Congress of People's Deputies.
1989 Mar 28, President Bush
sent three high-ranking officials to Alaska to "take a hard look" at
the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska's Prince William Sound. '
1989 Mar 29, In the 61st
Academy Awards the movie "Rain Man" won Academy Awards for best
picture, best director Barry Levinson and best actor Dustin Hoffman;
Jodie Foster was named best actress for "The Accused."
1989 Mar 29, In the 9th Golden
Raspberry Awards: Cocktail won.
1989 Mar 29, I.M. Pei's glass
pyramidal entrance to the Louvre opened in Paris.
(SFC, 6/16/96, T-5)(http://tinyurl.com/emvfc)
1989 Mar 29, Michael Milken,
junk bond king, was indicted in NYC for racketeering.
1989 Mar 30, "The Heidi
Chronicles" by Wendy Wasserstein won the Pulitzer Prize for drama;
in the journalism category, the Anchorage Daily News won the public
service award for its reports on alcoholism and suicide among native
1989 Mar 31, The FBI announced
it would conduct a criminal investigation into the massive oil spill
in Alaska's Prince William Sound.
1989 Mar, The first versions of
HTML that launched the Web appeared. Tim Berners-Lee invented the
World Wide Web. His document describing the initial project was
titled: “Information Management: A Proposal."
(SFEC, 3/15/98, p.W26)(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1
p.4)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.32)
1989 Apr 1, Alaska Gov. Steve
Cowper announced that a "strike force" of state officials and local
fishermen were taking over some of the cleanup operations following
the massive Exxon Valdez oil spill.
1989 Apr 1, In Canada the Oka
conflict began when some 200 Mohawks from the Kanesatake reserve
marched though the town of Oka protesting plans to expand the
village's nine-hole golf course to 18 holes, saying expansion
encroaches on their burial ground. A 78-day standoff began on July
11, 1990 and ended Sep 26, 1990. The Oka Crisis cost the Quebec
government an estimated $180 million not including the cost of the
1989 Apr 1, A Japanese 3%
consumption, or sales tax, took effect. It earned Sadanori Yamanaka
(d.2004) the nickname "Mr. Consumption Tax." In 1997 it rose to 5%.
Yamanaka led the ruling Liberal Democratic Party's tax commission
for eight years, beginning in 1979.
(AP, 2/20/04)(Econ, 6/23/12, p.43)
1989 Apr 2, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev began a visit to Cuba amid differences with
President Fidel Castro over the type of reforms Gorbachev was
instituting in the Soviet Union.
1989 Apr 3, The University of
Michigan Wolverines won the NCAA championship by defeating Seton
Hall in overtime, 80-79.
1989 Apr 4, Democrat Richard M.
Daley was elected mayor of Chicago, defeating Republican Edward R.
Vrdolyak and independent Timothy C. Evans.
1989 Apr 4, Censu Tabone
(1913-2012) began serving as the 4th president of Malta and
continued to 1994.
1989 Apr 5, Joseph Hazelwood,
former captain of the Exxon Valdez supertanker that leaked nearly 11
million gallons of oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound,
surrendered to authorities in New York.
1989 Apr 5, The government of
Poland signed an agreement restoring the independent labor movement
Solidarity after a seven-year ban.
1989 Apr 6, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with British PM Margaret Thatcher in
London, holding daylong talks that were characterized as
argumentative, but friendly.
1989 Apr 7, A week after the
Exxon Valdez oil spill disaster, President Bush pledged federal
assistance to help in the clean-up.
1989 Apr 7, A Soviet
nuclear-powered submarine, the Komsomolets, caught fire and sank in
the Norwegian Sea, claiming 42 of 69 lives.
(AP, 4/7/99)(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)
1989 Apr 8, In San Francisco
Roshawn Johnson (20) and Charles Hughes (18), described as innocent
bystanders, were slain in a gang gun battle at Newcomb Ave and
Mansell in Hunters Point. In 1992 Caramad Conley was locked up for 2
life terms. In 2010 a SF Superior court judge ruled that Conley was
denied a fair trial after the star witness, Clifford Polk, lied on
the stand about whether he was being paid to testify. Earl Sanders,
later SF police chief, acknowledged in 2010 that that he had made
payments to Polk. In 2011 Conley was freed. In 2014 Conley was
poised to get $3.5 million from SF for being wrongfully convicted.
(SFC, 11/14/00, p.A23)(SFC, 12/15/10, p.A1)(SFC,
1/12/11, p.C3)(SFC, 7/14/14, p.C1)
1989 Apr 8, The Soviet Union
acknowledged that one of its nuclear submarines, the Komsomolets,
caught fire and sank 210 miles north of Norway the day before. 42 of
69 lives were reported lost.
(AP, 4/8/99)(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)
1989 Apr 9, Hundreds of
thousands of people marched in Washington, D.C, demanding continued
access to safe and legal abortion.
1989 Apr 9, Boxer Mike Tyson
struck a parking attendant when asked to move his car.
1989 Apr 9, Troops under Gen’l
Lebed killed 18 protestors, including 16 women and children, in
Tbilisi, Georgia. Colonel Gen’l. Igor Rodionov ordered troops to
break up anti-Kremlin protests in Tbilisi.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A12)(SFC, 6/26/96, p.A11)(WSJ,
1989 Apr 10, Federal drug czar
William J. Bennett unveiled details of the Bush administration's
plan for fighting drug abuse and drug-related crime in the nation's
1989 Apr 10, In Ohio Jeffrey
Lundgren (b.1950), a self-proclaimed prophet, led his cult in
planning and executing murders of the Avery family in order to bring
about a prophecy he interpreted from the Old Testament. Lundgren was
convicted of five counts of murder and executed on October 24, 2006
at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio.
1989 Apr 11, Mexican officials
unearthed the remains of 12 of 13 victims of a drug-trafficking cult
near Matamoros. The dead included University of Texas student Mark
Kilroy, who had disappeared while on spring break.
1989 Apr 12, NY State leaders
agreed to raise unemployment benefits to $245 per week.
1989 Apr 12, Abbie Hoffman
(52), radical activist, was found dead at his home in New Hope,
Penn. He suffered from bipolar mental illness that was only
diagnosed in 1980. In 1996 Jonah Raskin wrote: "For the Hell of It:
The Life and Times of Abbie Hoffman." In 1994 Jack Hoffman, Abbie’s
brother, wrote a biography, as did Marty Jezer in 1992. His wife,
Anita, died in 1998. She wrote "Trashing," a fictional memoir of her
activity as a Yippie. In 1999 Larry Sloman published "Steal This
Dream: Abbie Hoffman and the Countercultural Revolution in America."
(SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.5,6)(SFC, 12/31/98,
p.D4)(SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.7) (AP, 4/12/99)
1989 Apr 12, Sugar Ray Robinson
(b.1921), former middleweight boxing champion, died in Culver City,
Ca., after suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. In 2009 Wil Haygood
authored “Sweet Thunder: The Life and Times of Sugar Ray Robinson."
(AP, 4/12/99)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.96)
1989 Apr 13, US House Speaker
Jim Wright delivered an emotional defense of his conduct against
ethics charges, declaring he would "fight to the last ounce of
conviction and energy" he possessed.
1989 Apr 14, Testimony
concluded in the Iran-Contra trial of former National Security
Council staff member Oliver L. North.
1989 Apr 14, Former winery
worker Ramon Salcido killed 6 relatives, including his wife and
daughters, and a co-worker in Sonoma County. He was tried and
convicted in Oct. 1990 by Judge Littrell (d.1997) and sentenced to
death. In 2007 Salcedo was still on death row with his case in the
(SFC, 1/31/97, p.E2)(AP, 4/14/99)
1989 Apr 15, In Sheffield,
England, 96 people died in a crush of soccer fans at Hillsborough
Stadium after police allowed spectators to pour onto a crowded
terrace. On Sep 12, 2012, secret documents were released that said
British police tried to blame soccer fans to cover up mistakes that
contributed to the deaths of those who were crushed at a stadium.
(AP, 4/15/08)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.61)(AP, 9/12/12)
1989 Apr 15, In China Hu
Yaobang, former party chief, died. Thousands of students in Shanghai
and Beijing took to the streets to mourn his death. The protests
culminated in the June 5 Tiananmen Square massacre.
(SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)(AP,
1989 Apr 16, Spain's ambassador
to Lebanon (Pedro Manuel de Aristegui) was killed by shellfire that
broke out between Christian militiamen and an alliance of Syrian and
1989 Apr 17, The US House
Ethics Committee released its report accusing Speaker Jim Wright of
violating House rules on the acceptance of gifts and outside income
-- charges denied by the Texas Democrat.
1989 Apr 17, Solidarity in
Poland was legalized.
(HFA, '96, p.28)
1989 Apr 18, Thousands of
Chinese students demanding democracy tried to storm Communist Party
headquarters in Beijing.
1989 Apr 19, A jogger was raped
and beaten in Central Park. 5 black and Latino youths (14-16) were
soon arrested and convicted. In 2002 DNA evidence identified Matias
Reyes (31) as the rapist. A judge then overturned the original
convictions. 3,254 other rapes were reported in the park in 1989. In
2003 Trisha Meili identified herself as the victim in her book “I Am
the Central Park Jogger." In 2014 the five men initially convicted
agreed to settle their civil rights lawsuit for about $40 million.
(NG, 5/93, p.16)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A3)(SFC,
11/21/09, p.A7)(SFC, 6/20/14, p.A11)
1989 Apr 19, The battleship USS
Iowa's number 2 turret exploded while on maneuvers northeast of
Puerto Rico. 47 sailors were killed and a $4 million investigation
was launched. The Navy attempted to lay the blame on Clayton
Hartwig, a seaman described as gay soldier disappointed in a gay
affair. In 1999 Charles C. Thompson II published "A Glimpse of Hell:
The Explosion of the USS Iowa and Its Cover-Up."
(AP, 4/19/97)(SFEC, 6/13/99, BR p.1,8)(HN,
1989 Apr 19, Daphne Du Maurier
(b.1907), English writer, died. Her books included “Jamaica Inn"
(1936) and “Rebecca" (1938).
1989 Apr 19, Adnan Khashoggi, a
Saudi financier, was arrested in Switzerland at the request of the
US Government, which is seeking his extradition to New York to stand
trial on charges of racketeering, fraud and obstruction of justice.
He faced charges stemming from ''illegal property dealings'' on
behalf of Ferdinand E. Marcos, the ousted President of the
Philippines, and his wife, Imelda. In 1992 Khashoggi and Imelda
Marcos were found not guilty of racketeering by a jury in Manhattan.
1989 Apr 20, Ramon Salcido, a
California winery worker later convicted of killing six relatives
and a co-worker, was deported from Mexico to the U.S.
1989 Apr 20, The case of Oliver
North went to the jury in his Iran-Contra trial.
1989 Apr 21, Tens of thousands
of people crowded into Beijing's Tiananmen Square, cheering students
who waved banners demanding greater political freedoms.
1989 Apr 21, In the Philippines
there was a communist guerrilla ambush on Col. James Nicolas Rowe.
His car was raked with bullets near his office in the Manila suburb
of Quezon City, killing him and wounding his driver. Donato
Continente and co-defendant Juanito Itaas, who admitted being a
member of the communist New People's Army, were convicted and
sentenced to life in prison in 1991. The Supreme Court later
affirmed Itaas' sentence and reduced Continente's to 14 years after
establishing he was an accomplice. Continente was released in 2005.
1989 Apr 22, The Xinhua News
Agency reported the first outbreak of violence stemming from China's
pro-democracy protests, in the provincial capital of Xian.
1989 Apr 23, Troy Aikman of
UCLA became the first player chosen in the NFL draft in New York
City as he was selected by the Dallas Cowboys.
1989 Apr 23, Students in
Beijing China announced class boycotts.
1989 Apr 24, President Bush led
a memorial service at the Norfolk Naval Station in Virginia for the
47 sailors killed in a gun-turret explosion aboard the USS Iowa.
1989 Apr 24, Richard M. Daley
was inaugurated as the 45th mayor of Chicago. He went on to serve 6
terms. His father, Richard Daley, had served 6 terms as mayor
(AP, 4/24/99)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.40)
1989 Apr 24, Thousands of
students went on strike in Beijing.
1989 Apr 25, Japanese Prime
Minister Noboru Takeshita announced his resignation in order to take
responsibility for his involvement in Japan's Recruit stock scandal.
1989 Apr 26, Lucille Ball
(b.1911), Actress-comedian and star of I Love Lucy, died at
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles at age 77. She left
behind a manuscript that was published in 1996 titled "Love, Lucy."
"The tremendous drive and dedication necessary to succeed in any
field... often seems to be rooted in a disturbed childhood." In 1993
Tom Gilbert wrote: "The Story of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz."
Lucille Ball was married to Gary Morton (d.1999 at 74) for 29 years.
In 2003 Stefan Kanfer authored "Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life
and Comic Art of Lucille Ball."
(SFC, 9/23/96, D1)(SFC, 4/1/99, p.C4)(AP,
4/26/99)(WSJ, 8/15/03, p.W10)
1989 Apr 27, In China more than
150,000 students and workers calling for democracy marched, cheered
and sang as they took over Tiananmen Square in central Beijing.
(HN, 4/27/98)(AP, 4/27/99)
1989 Apr 27, In South Africa
Frans "Ting-Ting" Masango (1958-2009), an anti-apartheid activist,
was sentenced to death following the historic "Delmas Four" trial.
He was released in 1991 after the ANC was unbanned. In 2008 Peter
Harris authored “In A Different Time, the Story of the Delmas Four."
1989 Apr 28, President Bush
announced the U.S. and Japan had concluded a deal on joint
development of a new Japanese jet fighter, the FSX, despite concerns
that U.S. technology secrets would be given away.
1989 Apr 29, In a sign that
student demonstrators in Beijing had gained influence, China's
government conducted informal talks with leaders of the democracy
protests, and then televised the discussions.
1989 Apr 30, President Bush
attended a parade in New York City celebrating the bicentennial of
the American presidency.
1989 Apr 30, Sergio Leone (60),
Italian director (Good, Bad & Ugly), died.
1989 May 1, The Supreme Court
ruled that an employer has the legal burden of proving that its
refusal to hire or promote someone is based on legitimate and not
1989 May 1, Disney held a grand
opening for its 135 acre MGM studio in Orlando, Fl.
1989 May 1, David Webster, an
anti-apartheid campaigner, was shot and killed outside his Eleanor
Street home in Troyeville, Johannesburg, on South Africa's first
official Workers' Day. In 1999 apartheid hitman Ferdi Barnard was
sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Webster. He
was sentenced to two life terms plus 63 years for a number of
crimes, including the murder of Webster.
1989 May 2, At a Baltimore
gathering, physicists said they were persuaded that claims of "cold
fusion" were based on nothing more than experimental errors by
scientists in Utah.
1989 May 2, California
announced that San Jose had passed San Francisco in population. In
2003 the Census Bureau decided to rank San Jose as the seat of the
(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.A1)
1989 May 3, An Israeli soldier,
Ilan Saadon, disappeared while hitchhiking north of the Gaza Strip.
He was said to have been kidnapped by Hamas militants. In 1996 his
bones were unearthed south of Tel Aviv.
(SFC, 8/12/96, p.C1)
1989 May 3, PLO leader Yasser
Arafat, ending a two-day visit to France, said the PLO charter
calling for the destruction of Israel had been "superseded" by a
declaration urging peaceful coexistence of the Jewish state and a
1989 May 3, Christine Jorgensen
(b.1926), Denmark-born 1st transsexual (1952), died in California.
Her book “Christine Jorgensen: A Personal Autobiography" was
published in 1967, and its film adaptation was released in 1970 as
The Christine Jorgensen Story.
1989 May 4, Fired White House
aide Oliver North was convicted of shredding documents and two other
crimes and acquitted of nine other charges stemming from the
Iran-Contra affair. The 3 convictions were later overturned on
1989 May 4, The US launched its
Magellan spacecraft to Venus.
1989 May 5, A federal judge
ordered sweeping changes in the FBI's promotion system, months after
the judge found that the bureau had systematically discriminated
against its Hispanic employees in advancements and assignments.
1989 May 6, Sunday Silence
scored an upset victory over Easy Goer in the 115th Kentucky Derby
at Churchill Downs.
1989 May 7, Both sides claimed
victory in Panama's national elections, with the opposition also
charging a pattern of fraud. Panamanian voters rejected dictator
Manuel Noriega's bid for reelection. Backed by a coalition of
civilian parties, Guillermo Endara (1936-2009) overwhelmingly won
the presidential election, but Noriega refused to recognize the
results and unleashed a wave of repression against his
(AP, 5/7/99)(AP, 9/29/09)
1989 May 7, Guy Williams
(b.1924), actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), died in Argentina. He was
born as Armando Catalano in NYC.
1989 May 8, Former President
Carter, a leader of an international team observing Panama's
elections, declared that the armed forces were defrauding the
opposition of victory.
1989 May 8, Slobodan Milosevic
was elected president of Serbia.
1989 May 9, President Bush
complained that Panama's elections were marred by "massive
irregularities," and he called for worldwide pressure on General
Manuel Antonio Noriega to step down as military leader.
1989 May 9, VP Quayle said in
United Negro College Fund speech: "What a waste it is to lose one's
mind" instead of "a mind is terrible thing to waste."
1989 May 10, In Panama, the
government of Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega announced it had nullified
the country's elections, which independent observers said the
opposition had won by a 3-1 margin.
1989 May 11, President Bush
recalled the US ambassador and planned to dispatch about 1,700
soldiers and 165 marines in phases to reinforce troops already in
1989 May 11, US Federal Judge
Walter Nixon (61) of Mississippi was impeached by the House of
Representatives. The US Senate voted to remove Nixon from the bench
on November 4, 1989. He had been convicted in 1986 on perjury
charges and sentenced to five years in prison.
(SFC, 9/18/08, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/3qfr28)
1989 May 11, The Franklin Mills
mega-mall, the former Liberty Bell Racetrack, opened in
1989 May 11, Kenya announced
that it would seek a worldwide ban on the trade of ivory -- a move
intended to preserve its fast-dwindling elephant herds.
1989 May 12, The nation's
largest airline computer reservation system, the American Airlines
Sabre system, shut down for nearly 12 hours, disrupting the
operations of thousands of travel agencies nationwide.
1989 May 12, The MTA declared
victory over graffiti. The last graffiti covered NYC subway car was
1989 May 13, In unusually
strong language, President Bush called on the people of Panama and
the country's defense forces to overthrow their military leader,
Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega.
1989 May 13, Trinidad &
Tobago tied the US 1-1, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup.
(SS, Internet, 5/13/97)
1989 May 13, Some 2,000
students began a hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China.
1989 May 14, Moonlighting, TV
Crime Drama, last aired on ABC.
1989 May 14, Peronist candidate
Carlos Saul Menem won Argentina's presidential election. He was a
Muslim who converted to Catholicism, which was previously a
requirement for the presidency. The annual inflation rate was 5000%.
(WSJ, 12/12/95, p.A-15)(Hem., 1/96, p.11)(SFC,
12/24/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/14/99)
1989 May 14, The 2nd day of a
hunger strike for democratic reforms took place in Beijing's
1989 May 15, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Beijing for the first Sino-Soviet
summit in 30 years. His 3-day visit was overshadowed by
pro-democracy demonstrations led by Chinese students.
(SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)(AP, 5/15/99)
1989 May 16, During his visit
to Beijing, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Chinese
leader Deng Xiaoping, formally ending a 30-year rift between the two
1989 May 17, Robert Webber
(b.1924), actor (Nuts, SOB, Assassin, 10), died in California.
1989 May 17, More than 1
million people swarmed into central Beijing to express support for
Chinese students fasting for democracy.
1989 May 17, A court in
Frankfurt, West Germany, sentenced Mohammed Ali Hamadi to life in
prison for his role in the 1985 TWA hijacking.
1989 May 18, In China a million
protestors filled Tiananmen Square.
(SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1989 May 18, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded his historic visit to China, which
officially marked the end of a 30-year Sino-Soviet rift.
1989 May 19, The NCAA announced
sanctions against the University of Kentucky's basketball program
for recruiting and academic violations.
1989 May 19, On Wall Street,
the Dow Jones Industrial Average passed the 2500 mark, ending the
day at 2,501.10.
1989 May 19, In Argentina
shortly after the presidential elections, stores and supermarkets in
several cities were looted.
1989 May 20, Comedian Gilda
Radner died in Los Angeles at age 42.
1989 May 20, China declared
martial law in Beijing. During the pro-democracy protests, Beijing
officials ordered CBS and CNN to end their live on-scene reports.
1989 May 21, Thousands of
native Chinese marched in Hong Kong, Paris, Tokyo and scores of
other cities in a worldwide show of support for the pro-democracy
demonstrators in Beijing.
1989 May 22, In West Los
Angeles football star O.J. Simpson (41) pleaded no contest to
battering his wife, Nicole Simpson (29), during a New Years Day
(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A8)(SSFC, 5/18/14, DB p.50)
1989 May 22, More than 100 top
Chinese military leaders vowed to refrain from entering Beijing to
suppress pro-democracy demonstrations.
1989 May 23, An estimated 1
million people in Beijing and tens of thousands in other Chinese
cities marched to demand that Premier Li Peng resign.
1989 May 23, In China Yu
Zhijian (25) led two others in throwing paint-filled eggs at a giant
portrait of Mao Zedong in Tiananmen Square. They were all jailed and
served almost 12 years after which they fled the country.
(http://tinyurl.com/yc46499r)(Econ 6/10/17, p.88)
1989 May 24, The US film
"Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" premiered nationwide.
1989 May 24, China's top army
command published a letter strongly supporting hard-line Premier Li
Peng, who was reportedly locked in a power struggle with rival
factions who opposed his strong stance against student protesters.
1989 May 24, French war
criminal Paul Touvier was arrested in a monastery in Nice.
1989 May 25, Weird Al Yankovic
recorded "She Drives Like Crazy."
1989 May 25, Eastern Airlines
graduated its 1st class of non-union pilots.
1989 May 25, The Calgary Flames
won their first Stanley Cup by defeating the Montreal Canadiens in
game six of their championship series.
1989 May 25, Mikhail Gorbachev
was elected Executive President in the Soviet Union.
1989 May 26, Reports began
circulating that House Majority Whip Tony Coelho would resign to
spare himself and the Democratic Party the ordeal of an
investigation into his ethics.
1989 May 26, Danish parliament
allowed legal marriage among homosexuals.
1989 May 27, Leaders of the
Chinese student protest movement proposed that demonstrators hold
one more rally, then end their occupation of Tiananmen Square, an
idea that was later abandoned.
1989 May 28, Emerson Fittipaldi
of Brazil won the Indianapolis 500 auto race.
1989 May 29, The first
Weedstock Festival, a pro-marijuana event, was held on Memorial Day
in Wisconsin. Steve Wessing worked the event as a stage manager.
1989 May 29, John Cipollina
(45), lead guitarist with the Quicksilver Messenger Service rock
group, died in Marin, Ca. of complications from respiratory
(SSFC, 5/25/14, DB p.42)
1989 May 29, Student protesters
in Tiananmen Square China constructed a replica of the Statue of
1989 May 29, Bowing to public
demand, the Supreme Soviet allowed Boris N. Yeltsin to take a seat
in the standing legislature.
1989 May 30, US Rep. Claude
Pepper (b.1900), D-Fla., a champion of the nation's elderly, died in
Washington, DC, at age 88.
1989 May 30, Student
demonstrators at Tiananmen Square in Beijing erected a 33-foot
statue they called the "Goddess of Democracy."
1989 May 30, In Brazil landless
farmer-workers stormed a farm in the state of Espirito Santo to
pressure for agrarian reform. Jose Machado, the owner, opened fire
with hired guns. Machado and a hired off-duty policeman were killed
and four squatters were injured. In 1997 Jose Rainha, a land reform
advocate, was sentenced to 26.5 years in prison for the killing.
Rainha argued that he was in another state with witnesses and that
the squatters acted in self defense but was still convicted in a 4-3
(SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)
1989 May 31, Pres. G.W. Bush
met with Chancellor Kohl and addressed the citizens of Mainz,
Germany. He offered Germany a “partnership in leadership."
1989 May 31, US House Speaker
Jim Wright, dogged by questions about his ethics, announced he would
resign. Thomas Foley succeeded him.
1989 May 31, Charles A.
Hufnagel (b.1917), artificial heart valve pioneer, died at his home
in Washington, DC.
1989 May, In Washington DC a
7-year-old boy was raped, stabbed and castrated by a repeat sex
offender. The event gave rise to the nation’s first civil commitment
law for sex offenders.
(SFEC, 6/29/97, p.A8)
1989 May, In Portland, Maine,
Jessica Briggs (16) was repeatedly stabbed before being thrown into
Portland harbor. Hope Cady (13), a lone witness, testified at trial
in 1992 that she saw a group of boys surround Briggs and then saw
Tony Sanborn (16) stab her. Sanborn was sentenced to 70 years in
prison. Cady claimed she’d watched the event unfold from a nearby
pier. In 2017 Cady recanted and Sanborn was freed on bond after
serving 27 years in prison.
1989 May, Afghanistan
guerrillas elect Sibhhatullah Mojadidi as head of their
1989 May, Sheik Ahmed Yassin,
the founder and spiritual leader of Hamas, was arrested by Israel
and sentenced to life in prison for involvement in attacks against
Israelis. He was released to Jordan in 1997.
1989 May, In Papua New Guinea
fighting on Bougainville Island forced the closure of Bougainville
Copper, one of the world’s ten largest copper mines. It was jointly
owned by RTZ-CRA and the government. Part of the cause for the civil
war was environmental damage caused by the huge Panguna copper mine
and insufficient land royalties paid to landowners.
(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.A15)(SFC, 10/10/97, p.A13)(WSJ,
1989 May, In Paraguay the first
free presidential elections in 35 years elected Andres Rodriguez as
(SFC, 4/22/97, p.A15)
1989 Jun 1, Former Sunday
school teacher John E. List, sought for 18 years in the slayings of
his mother, wife and three children in Westfield, N.J., was arrested
in Richmond, Va. List was later sentenced to life in prison.
1989 Jun 2, President Bush
returned from a European trip, calling it "a triumph of hope" for a
world moving beyond the Cold War.
1989 Jun 2, 10,000 Chinese
soldiers were blocked by 100,000 citizens protecting students
demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing
1989 Jun 2, Prime Minister
Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan told a joint session of the US Congress
that Pakistan does not have nuclear weapons.
(SFC, 11/6/96, p.A21)
1989 Jun 3, Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini (89), Iran's spiritual and supreme leader, died.
(AP, 6/3/97)(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A15)
1989 Jun 3, Japan’s Foreign
Minister Sousuke Uno was named prime minister. He replaced Noboru
Takeshita, who resigned to save his ruling Liberal Democratic Party
from further embarrassment over an influence peddling scandal.
1989 Jun 3, An explosion of a
liquefied gas pipeline engulfed two Trans-Siberian Railroad trains
parked outside the Central Asian city of Ufa in the Soviet Union.
575 people were killed.
1989 Jun 3-1989 Jun 4, Chinese
troops entered Beijing. They fired into the crowd at Tiananmen
Square and killed at least hundreds of demonstrators.
(SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1989 Jun 4, "Jerome Robbins's
Broadway" won best musical at the 43rd annual Tony Awards; "The
Heidi Chronicles" by Wendy Wasserstein won best play.
1989 Jun 4, In San Francisco
thousands of demonstrators gathered in front of the Chinese
Consulate to protest the slaughter of students and other citizens at
Tiananmen Square in Beijing. In Chinese Tiananmen translates as Gate
of Heavenly Peace.
(SSFC, 6/1/14, DB p.46)
1989 Jun 4, In China hundreds
of people died as Chinese army troops stormed Beijing to crush the
pro-democracy movement. Hundreds of thousands of discontented
Chinese took to the streets of Beijing, demanding more reform, but
the military crushed the protests in the Tiananmen Square crackdown.
Zhao Ziyang was ousted. The West and Japan cut off aid. Bao Tong was
the only Communist Party official arrested in the Tiananmen Square
uprising. He was released with ill-health in 1996. Han Dongfang,
leader of China’s first independent trade union spent 22 months
behind bars for his role in the pro-democracy uprising. Ren Wanding
was also again jailed for giving speeches in the pro-democracy
(WSJ 12/10/93)(SFC, 5/28/96, p.A6)(SFC, 6/4/96,
p.A11)(SFC, 6/10/96, C2)(AP, 6/4/97)
1989 Jun 4, Poland held Eastern
Europe's 1st somewhat free election in 40 years. The 2-part election
(June 4 and 19) resulted in a land-slide victory of the opposition
organized in the Citizens' Committee, which won all 161 seats
available to it in the Sejm, and 99 out of 100 seats in the senate.
1989 Jun 4, A gas explosion in
the Soviet Union engulfed two passing trains, killing 645.
1989 Jun 5, Chinese soldiers
slaughtered pro-democracy students at Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
In one of the most remembered images of China's crushed
pro-democracy movement, a lone man stood defiantly in front of a
line of tanks in Beijing until friends pulled him out of the way. In
2001 "The Tiananmen Papers," a book based on classified documents
smuggled out of China, was published. Zhang Liang was the pseudonym
of the compiler. In 2009 Philip Cunningham authored “Tiananmen Moon:
Inside the Chinese Student Uprising of 1989."
(HN, 6/5/99)(AP, 6/5/99)(SFC, 1/6/01, p.A7)(SFCM,
3/18/01, p.4)(Econ, 8/22/09, p.75)
1989 Jun 6, In Washington, DC,
Thomas Foley was elected the 49th speaker of the House of
1989 Jun 7, A Suriname Airways
airplane crashed in a tropical forest near the Paramaribo airport
killing 169 people.
1989 Jun 8, Chinese Premier Li
Peng appeared on TV, praising a group of army soldiers, apparently
for their role in crushing the student-led pro-democracy movement.
1989 Jun 9, China began
reporting large-scale arrests in the wake of the crushed
pro-democracy movement. The arrests coincided with the public
reappearance of Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, who was rumored to
have been seriously ill. Li Wangyang (d.2012) was arrested for his
labor activism, five days after the military crackdown on protesters
in Tiananmen Square. Sentenced for "counterrevolutionary propaganda
and incitement," he spent much of his 11-year term at hard labor.
(AP, 6/9/99)(AP, 6/6/12)
1989 Jun 11, The government of
China issued a warrant for the arrest of dissident physicist Fang
Lizhi (1936-2012), who had taken refuge inside the US Embassy in
Beijing. Fang and his wife were allowed to go into exile.
(AP, 6/11/99)(Econ, 4/14/12,
1989 Jun 12, The US Supreme
Court expanded the abilities of white males to challenge
court-approved affirmative action plans, even years after they take
1989 Jun 13, The Detroit
Pistons won their first National Basketball Association title,
sweeping the Los Angeles Lakers in four games.
1989 Jun 14, Former President
Reagan received an honorary knighthood from Britain's Queen
1989 Jun 14, US House Democrats
chose Richard Gephardt to be majority leader and William H. Gray to
be majority whip, the highest leadership position in Congress held
by an African American.
(AP, 6/14/99)(HN, 6/14/99)
1989 Jun 14, Actress Zsa Zsa
Gabor was arrested for slapping a Beverly Hills motorcycle
1989 Jun 15, Three Chinese
workers in Shanghai were sentenced to death for helping to set fire
to a train during recent pro-democracy protests.
1989 Jun 16, Hungarians paid
homage to former premier Imre Nagy and four associates executed for
leading the anti-Soviet revolt of 1956. At least 250,000 people
attended the ceremonial reburial of PM Imre Nagy and four others
hanged 31 years earlier and buried face down in unmarked graves. The
reburial, broadcast live on TV from Budapest's Heroes' Square, came
as Hungary's communist leadership and the democratic opposition were
beginning to negotiate the country's transition to democracy. Sandor
Racz, a 1956 veteran, called on the world to "help the Soviet Union"
withdraw its troops from Hungary. Viktor Orban, then 26 and later to
become prime minister, also urged the Russians to withdraw but
blasted the country's communist leadership for making the 1956
revolution a taboo subject.
(AP, 6/16/99)(AP, 6/16/09)
1989 Jun 17, In China's
crackdown on the pro-democracy movement, eight people were sentenced
to death for allegedly beating soldiers and burning vehicles in
1989 Jun 18, John Wayne Bobbitt
(b.1967) married Lorena L Gallo (b.1970). [see Jan 10, 1994]
1989 Jun 18, Greek Premier
Andreas Papandreou's Panhellenic Socialist Movement suffered a
defeat as the center-right New Democracy Party finished first in
1989 Jun 19, Cincinnati Reds
manager Pete Rose sued baseball, arguing that Commissioner A.
Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented from hearing allegations that
Rose had gambled on baseball games.
1989 Jun 19, The government of
Burma renamed the country Myanmar. Rangoon was renamed Yangon.
(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1989 Jun 20, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev greeted the speaker of Iran's parliament,
Hashemi Rafsanjani, who was visiting Moscow.
1989 Jun 21, The US Supreme
Court ruled that burning the American flag as a form of political
protest is protected by the First Amendment.
1989 Jun 22, The government of
Angola and the anti-Communist rebels of the UNITA movement agreed to
a formal truce in their 14-year-old civil war. Some 1.5 million
people were killed during this period and over 4 million forced to
flee their homes.
(AP, 6/22/99)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.55)
1989 Jun 23, The movie "Batman"
premiered across the US.
1989 Jun 23, The US Supreme
Court refused to shut down the "dial-a-porn" industry, ruling
Congress had gone too far in passing a law banning all sexually
oriented phone message services.
1989 Jun 24, In China Communist
Party general secretary Zhao Ziyang (1920-2005) was ousted for
allegedly supporting the protests and put under house arrest. Jiang
Zemin became the third hand-picked successor to Deng Xiaoping. Deng
resigned from his last official post.
(AP, 6/24/99)(SFC, 1/17/05, p.B4)
1989 Jun 25, A judge in
Cincinnati temporarily blocked a hearing by baseball Commissioner A.
Bartlett Giamatti into allegations that Cincinnati Reds manager Pete
Rose had gambled on baseball games.
1989 Jun 26, The Supreme Court
ruled that the death penalty may be imposed for murderers who
committed their crimes as young as age 16, and for mentally retarded
killers as well.
(AP, 6/26/99)(WSJ, 5/26/04, p.B1)
1989 Jun 27, President Bush,
criticizing a Supreme Court decision upholding the right to
desecrate the American flag as a form of political protest, called
for a constitutional amendment to protect the Stars and Stripes.
1989 Jun 27, Austrian Foreign
Minister Alois Mock (d.2017) and Hungarian Foreign Minister Gyula
Horn made headlines by cutting through fencing that represented the
communist Iron Curtain separating the two countries.
1989 Jun 28, China's new
Communist Party chief, Jiang Zemin, said his government would show
no mercy to leaders of the crushed pro-democracy movement, which he
termed a "counterrevolutionary rebellion."
1989 Jun 28, In a speech at
Kosovo Polje Slobodan Milosevic stated that "Yugoslavia is a
multinational community and it can survive only under the conditions
of full equality for all nations that live in it."
1989 Jun 29, The U.S. House of
Representatives voted unanimously in favor of new sanctions against
China because of its crackdown on the pro-democracy movement.
1989 Jun 30, The NY State
Legislature passed the Staten Island secession bill.
1989 Jun 30, Gen. Khin Nyunt,
Myanmar’s prime minister and intelligence chief, brokered a
ceasefire and autonomy deal with Sai Leun (Lin Mingxian), warlord of
Mongla, who built the area into a gambling destination for Chinese
tourists. The Kokang guerrillas, the main fighting force for the
Burmese Communist Party, signed a cease-fire with the military
1989 Jun 30, General Wojciech
Jaruzelski announced he would not run for Poland's new presidency,
saying the people viewed him as the man who imposed martial law.
1989 Jun 30, In Sudan the
elected coalition government was overthrown. Omar Hassan al-Bashir
and Sheik Hassan al-Turabi, brother-in-law of Sadiq el-Mahdi, seized
power. They imposed an Iranian style theocracy along with the strict
Muslim Shariah law on the country including the Christian southern
Sudan. The National Islamic Front (NIF), the political arm of the
Muslim Brotherhood, backed the overthrow of a democratic government
under PM Sadiq el-Mahdi and have ruled ever since. The Umma Party
and the Democratic Union party established bases in Cairo and
Eritrea and later allied with rebel groups that included the
Southern People's Liberation Party.
(SFC, 4/5/97, p.A12)(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)(SFC,
12/29/98, p.A6)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.50)
1989 Jun, Alfred Winslow Jones
(b.1901), Australia born US journalist and investor, died. He is
known as the father of the hedge fund industry. In 1949 he created
the first hedge fund eliminating market risk by taking off-setting
positions, selling some stocks short while taking a "long" position
(i.e. buying) others.
1989 Jun, In Greece political
scandals and a messy divorce forced Papandreou and his party from
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)
1989 Jul 1, The NY State
Legislature passed the Staten Island secession bill.
1989 Jul 1, "Playboy" magazine
founder Hugh Hefner married Kimberley Faye Conrad at his mansion in
Los Angeles. The couple separated in 1998.
1989 Jul 1, The 1987 Montreal
Protocol, an international treaty dealing with ozone-destroying
pollutants, went into effect. The treaty sought to cut in half
production of chemicals posing the greatest risk to ozone.
(HNQ, 8/11/99)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A16)
1989 Jul 2, In West Berlin,
Germany, the Love Parade festival was begun to celebrate techno
music. About 150 people cavorted down Ku’damm to the blare of techno
music from a single Volkswagen bus. It was started by the Berlin
underground at the initiative of Matthias Roeingh (also known as "Dr
Motte") and his then girlfriend Danielle de Picciotto.
1989 Jul 2, In Greece PM
Tzannis Tzannetakis (1927-2010) began leading a coalition government
for that included his conservative New Democracy party and the Greek
1989 Jul 2, Andrei Gromyko
(79), former Soviet Foreign Minister died in Moscow.
1989 Jul 2, Jean Painleve
(b.1902), French film maker, died. His science and nature films
inspired the Surrealists.
(WSJ, 6/19/00, p.A44)(http://tinyurl.com/z8n2m)
1989 Jul 3, By a 5-4 decision,
the US Supreme Court upheld abortion restrictions in the state of
Missouri. The court ruled that states do not have to provide funds
1989 Jul 3, The movie "Batman,"
set a record of quickest $100 million (10 days).
1989 Jul 3, Jim Backus (76),
actor (Magoo, Gilligan's Island), died of pneumonia.
1989 Jul 4, Drew Barrymore
(b.1975), actress, attempted suicide.
1989 Jul 4, Unmanned Russian
Mig-23 crashed in Bellegem-Kooigem, Belgium, and 1 person died. The
pilot had ejected over Poland.
1989 Jul 4, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in France for a three-day visit that
included an address to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg.
1989 Jul 5, The Seinfeld
Chronicles premiered on US TV. [see May 31, 1990]
1989 Jul 5, Former National
Security Council aide Oliver North received a $150,000 fine and a
suspended prison term for his part in Iran-Contra. The convictions
were later overturned.
1989 Jul 5, South-African Pres
Pieter Botha visited ANC leader Nelson Mandela.
1989 Jul 6, The U.S. Army
destroyed its last Pershing 1-A missiles at an ammunition plant in
Karnack, Texas, under terms of the 1987 (INF) Intermediate-range
Nuclear Forces Treaty.
1989 Jul 6, Janos Kadar, who
helped restore Soviet domination and led Hungary for over 30 years
before being replaced in May 1988, died. This same day Hungary's
Supreme Court finally rehabilitated the 1956 revolutionaries.
1989 Jul 6, A Palestinian
grabbed the steering wheel of an Israeli bus, causing a crash that
claimed 15 lives.
1989 Jul 7, The US Labor Dept.
reported that unemployment rose 0.1% in June to 5.2%.
1989 Jul 8, Carlos Saul Menem
was inaugurated as president of Argentina in the country's first
transfer of power from one democratically elected civilian leader to
another in six decades.
1989 Jul 9, West German tennis
players Steffi Graf and Boris Becker won the women's and men's
singles titles at Wimbledon.
1989 Jul 9, President Bush
began a visit to Poland.
1989 Jul 9, Two bombs explode
in Mecca, killing one pilgrim, wounding 16. Saudi authorities blame
Iranian-inspired terrorists and later beheaded 16 Kuwaiti Shiite
Muslims for bombings. Iran denied involvement.
1989 Jul 10, Mel Blanc (81),
the "man of a thousand voices," including such cartoon characters as
Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester and Tweety, Tazmanian
Devil, Wile E. Coyote and Roadrunner, died in Los Angeles.
(AP, 7/10/99)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A19)
1989 Jul 11, The American
League won the 60th All-Star Game, defeating the National League 5-3
in Anaheim, Calif.
1989 Jul 11, Laurence Olivier
(b.1907), British actor, director and producer, died in West Sussex,
UK. In 1991 Donald Spoto authored the biography “Laurence Olivier."
In 2005 Terry Coleman authored the biography “Olivier." In 2013
Philip Ziegler authored the biography “Olivier."
(AP, 7/11/99)(SSFC, 11/13/05, p.M6)(Econ,
10/15/05, p.92)(Econ, 9/7/13, p.82)
1989 Jul 12, President Bush
continued his visit to Hungary, where he held talks with officials
and made a speech at Karl Marx University in Budapest.
1989 Jul 12, The European Space
Agency launched an experimental communications satellite named
Olympus. It malfunctioned in 1991 and was lost for a year before
communication was re-established. It was damaged during a Perseid
meteor shower in 1993 and was taken out of service.
(Econ, 6/1/13, TQ
1989 Jul 12, A farmer in
eastern France went on a shooting rampage, killing 14 people before
1989 Jul 13, Washington, D.C.
attorney Thomas L. Root was rescued after ditching his private plane
in the Atlantic Ocean near the Bahamas; he had suffered a mysterious
1989 Jul 13, Cuba executed four
military officers for conspiring to smuggle drugs to the United
States. Antonio de la Guardia, a colonel in the Interior Ministry,
was executed along with army general Arnaldo Ochoa and 2 other
officers in a drug trafficking case. Gen’l. Patricio de la Guardia,
Antonio’s twin, was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Patricio was
released in 1997. Patricio had led an int’l. para-military brigade
in Chile during the Allende years that was estimated at 15,000 men.
(SFC, 3/19/97, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)(AP,
1989 Jul 13, Abdul Rahman
Qassemlu, Kurd leader in Iran, was murdered.
1989 Jul 14, 16th James Bond
movies "License to Kill" premiered in the US.
1989 Jul 14, Leaders of the
seven richest nations opened a summit in Paris, which was also
celebrating the bicentennial of the French Revolution with pomp and
1989 Jul 14, In San Francisco
promoters staged a four-round exhibition match between legendary
boxer Roberto Duran (38) and Irishman Pat Lawlor (25) of the Sunset
District before 4,787 fans at the Civic Auditorium.
(SSFC, 7/13/14, DB p.38)
1989 Jul 15, Leaders of the
seven major industrial democracies, meeting in Paris, voiced support
for democracy behind the Iron Curtain and condemned repression in
1989 Jul 16, Leaders of the
seven major industrial democracies called at their economic summit
in Paris for "decisive action" against global pollution.
1989 Jul 16, Conductor Herbert
von Karajan (b.1908) died near Salzburg, Austria.
1989 Jul 17, The controversial
B-2 Stealth bomber underwent its first test flight at Edwards Air
Force Base in California, two days after a technical problem forced
1989 Jul 17, Isidore Feinstein
Stone (b.1907), author (I.F. Stone's Weekly), died in Boston. In
2006 Myra MacPherson authored “All Governments Lie," a biography of
Stone. In 2009 D.D. Guttenplan authored “American Radical: The Life
and Times of I.F. Stone."
p.P8)(Econ, 5/16/09, p.90)
1989 Jul 18, Actress Rebecca
Schaeffer (21) was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed
fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
1989 Jul 19, In Iowa 112 people
were killed when a United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an
emergency landing at Sioux City; 184 other people survived. In 2014
Laurence Gonzales authored “Flight 232: A Story of Disaster and
(AP, 7/19/08)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.N2)
1989 Jul 20, President Bush
called for a long-range space program to build an orbiting space
station, establish a base on the moon and send a manned mission to
the planet Mars.
1989 Jul 20, In Burma the
military authorities placed Aung San Suu Kyi and her deputy Tin Oo
under house arrest where she was confined for the next 6 years.
(SFEC, 8/23/98, BR p.4)(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1989 Jul 21, The State
Department confirmed an ABC News report that Felix S. Bloch, a
veteran U.S. diplomat, was being investigated as a possible Soviet
spy. Bloch was never charged with espionage, but was fired from his
job in 1990.
1989 Jul 21, Greg LeMond (US)
won the Tour de France in record time.
1989 Jul 22, Nearly 200,000
Palestinian children returned to classrooms in the West Bank after
the Israeli army lifted an order that had kept their schools closed
during the Palestinian uprising.
1989 Jul 23, Greg LeMond of the
United States won the Tour de France.
1989 Jul 23, Donald Barthelme
(b.1931), US writer, died. His work included over a hundred short
stories and 4 novels. In 2009 Tracy Daugherty authored “Hiding Man:
A Biography of Donald Barthelme."
1989 Jul 23, Japan's ruling
Liberal Democratic Party lost its majority in the upper house of the
Diet in parliamentary elections.
1989 Jul 24, President Bush
said he was "aggrieved" about allegations that veteran U.S. diplomat
Felix S. Bloch might have spied for the Soviet Union.
1989 Jul 24, Japan’s PM Sousuke
Uno (1922-1998) resigned in the wake of Japan's ruling party's
defeat. Uno resigned amid a scandal involving his geisha mistress.
Criticism focused on allegations that he treated her in a miserly
1989 Jul 25, The pilot of the
United DC-10 that crashed in Sioux City, Iowa, July 19, Alfred C.
Haynes, appeared at a news conference in which he dismissed
descriptions of himself as a hero after he and his crew managed to
save 184 of the 296 people aboard the crippled aircraft.
1989 Jul 27, Workers at the
Nissan Motor Corp. assembly plant in Smyrna, Tenn., voted against
representation by the United Auto Workers.
1989 Jul 27, Charles Stevens
(20) of Oakland, Ca., was arrested on a freeway on-ramp while
watching police attend to the wrecked car of his last murder victim.
Over the last 4 months he had shot to death 4 people and fired at 10
others. In 2007 the California state Supreme Court upheld his death
(SFC, 6/5/07, p.C2)
1989 Jul 27, Eighty people were
killed when a Korean Air DC-10 crashed in Libya.
1989 Jul 28, Israeli commandos
abducted a pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim Hezbollah cleric, Sheik
Abdul-Karim Obeid, from his home in south Lebanon.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A14)(AP, 7/28/99)
1989 Jul 29, Ji Yun Lee (20)
died in a fire at a church camp near East Stroudsburg, Pa. Her
father Han Tak Lee (54), a South Korean-born operator of a clothing
store in NYC, was arrested for arson. He was convicted of murder on
Sep 17, 1990. In 2006 Lee’s attorneys appealed to the state Supreme
Court citing new advances in arson investigations.
(SSFC, 12/10/06, p.A39)
1989 Jul 29, Poland's newly
elected president, Wojciech Jaruzelski, resigned as Communist Party
general secretary and was succeeded by Mieczyslaw Rakowski
(1927-2008). Rakowski, a historian and journalist, remained chairman
of the communist Polish United Workers' Party until the party was
dissolved at its January 1990 congress during the country's
bloodless transition to democracy.
(AP, 7/29/99)(AP, 11/8/08)
1989 Jul 30, In Lebanon, the
pro-Iranian group Organization for the Oppressed on Earth threatened
to kill an American hostage, Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins,
unless Israel released Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid, a cleric seized by
1989 Jul 31, A pro-Iranian
group in Lebanon released a grisly videotape purportedly showing the
hanged body of American hostage William R. Higgins.
1989 Aug 1, The Revolutionary
Justice Organization, a pro-Iranian group in Lebanon which had
threatened to kill American hostage Joseph Cicippio, extended its
deadline a day after another group released a videotape showing a
body said to be that of hostage William R. Higgins.
1989 Aug 2, The House of
Representatives voted against including abortion curbs in a spending
bill for the District of Columbia.
1989 Aug 2, NASA confirmed
Voyager 2's discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated
temporarily 1989 N2 (Larissa), 1989 N3 (Despina) and 1989 N4
1989 Aug 3, Shiite Muslim
kidnappers in Lebanon suspended their threat to execute another
American hostage, three days after the purported hanging of Lt. Col.
William R. Higgins.
1989 Aug 3, Hashemi Rafsanjani
was sworn in as president of Iran.
1989 Aug 4, Iranian President
Hashemi Rafsanjani offered to help end the hostage crisis in
Lebanon, prompting President Bush to say he was "encouraged."
1989 Aug 5, Five Central
American presidents began meeting in Honduras to discuss a timetable
for dismantling Nicaraguan Contra bases.
1989 Aug 6, "Oh! Calcutta!"
closed at Edison Theater in NYC after 5959 performances.
1989 Aug 6, Jaime Paz Zamora
was inaugurated as president of Bolivia.
1989 Aug 7, A small plane
carrying Congressman Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 15 others
disappeared during a flight in Ethiopia. The wreckage of the plane
was found six days later; there were no survivors.
1989 Aug 8, The space shuttle
Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a secret,
five-day military mission to deploy a new Pentagon spy satellite.
(AP, 8/8/99)(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A6)
1989 Aug 9, The Financial
Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 was signed
by Pres. George H.W. Bush. It allowed prosecutors more time to bring
cases, compel testimony and apply a lower burden of proof involving
(http://tinyurl.com/cl36wsp)(Econ, 8/30/14, p.23)
1989 Aug 9, Toshiki Kaifu was
elected prime minister of Japan, succeeding Sousuke Uno.
1989 Aug 9, In Mexico, a train
fell into the San Rafael River after a bridge collapsed, killing 112
1989 Aug 10, Poland's Roman
Catholic church suspended an agreement to move nuns from a convent
on the edge of Auschwitz, blaming Jewish groups for creating what it
called an "atmosphere of aggressive demands."
1989 Aug 11, Poland's
Solidarity-dominated Senate adopted a resolution expressing sorrow
for the nation's participation in the 1968 Soviet-led invasion of
1989 Aug 12, The Pentagon said
it was stepping up efforts to find missing Texas Rep. Mickey Leland
and 15 companions in Ethiopia. The wreckage of the group's airplane,
with no survivors, was found the next day.
1989 Aug 13, The space shuttle
Columbia returned from a secret military mission.
1989 Aug 13, Thirteen people
were killed when their hot air balloon collided with another over
the Australian outback near the town of Alice Springs. The two
balloons were flying at an altitude of 600 meters when one plunged
to the ground after the collision.
1989 Aug 13, Searchers in
Ethiopia found the wreckage of a plane which had disappeared almost
a week earlier while carrying Texas Congressman Mickey Leland and 15
other people. There were no survivors.
1989 Aug 14, South African
President P.W. Botha announced his resignation after losing a bitter
power struggle within his National Party.
1989 Aug 15, In NYC Darryl Rush
was shot to death. Jonathan Fleming, a friend of Rush, was later
arrested and convicted, despite proof that he was in Disney World on
vacation. On April 8, 2014, Fleming (51) was released from jail and
cleared of the murder charges.
(SFC, 4/9/14, p.A4)
1989 Aug 15, F.W. de Klerk was
sworn in as acting president of South Africa, one day after P.W.
Botha resigned as the result of a power struggle within the National
1989 Aug 16, A rare "prime
time" lunar eclipse occurred over most of the United States,
although clouds spoiled the view for many.
1989 Aug 17, The Commerce
Department reported the U.S. trade deficit had shrunk to $8.7
billion in June.
1989 Aug 18, The US Labor
Department reported that the Consumer Price Index rose only 0.2% in
July 1989, easing fears of a recession.
1989 Aug 18, In Colombia,
leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galan was assassinated
outside Bogota; the Medellin drug cartel was strongly suspected. On
May 12, 2005, Alberto Santofimio Botero, former justice minister,
was arrested in connection with the assassination. In 2008 a court
overturned the conviction of Alberto Santofimio for lack of
evidence. In 2010 Colombian prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for
retired Gen. Miguel Maza Marquez (73), a former domestic security
chief, who they say participated in the assassination of Galan. In
2011 the Supreme Court reinstated Galan’s murder conviction and
reinstated the 24-year prison sentence a lower court imposed in 2007
on Alberto Santofimio.
(AP, 8/18/99)(AP, 12/22/05)(AP, 10/22/08)(AP,
1989 Aug 19, In San Francisco
Roderick "Cooley" Shannon (18) was beaten and shot to death at
Leland and Rutland streets. Officers Earl Sanders and Napoleon
Hendrix determined that J.J. Tennison and Anton Goff did the killing
and withheld evidence in the case. Lovinsky Ricard later confessed
to the murder, but refused to testify. Goff and Tennison were
convicted in Oct, 1990. In 2003 a federal judge threw out the
conviction and Scheduled Goff and Tennison for release. In 2004
Tennison sued SF, Earl Sanders and others for 13 years of wrongful
imprisonment. In 2009 SF officials tentatively agreed to pay $4.6
million to Tennison and $2.9 million to Goff.
(SSFC, 3/16/03, p.A13)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A1)(SFC,
8/27/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/30/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/28/09, p.C2)
1989 Aug 19, Mark MacPhail, an
off duty police officer was killed in Savannah, Georgia. Troy Davis
was convicted and sentenced to death in 1991 for killing MacPhail.
In 2008 his execution was reprieved for a 3rd time after 7 of 9
witnesses had recanted their testimony. In 2011 his execution was
rescheduled for a 4th time.
p.A3)(www.fop9.net/markmacphail/)(Econ, 11/29/08, p.35)(SFC, 9/7/11,
1989 Aug 19, The "Pan-European
Picnic" helped precipitate the fall nearly three months later of the
Berlin Wall. Members of Hungary's budding opposition organized a
picnic at the border with Austria to press for greater political
freedom and promote friendship with their Western neighbors. Some
600 East Germans got word of the event and turned up among the
estimated 10,000 participants. They took advantage of the excursion
to escape to Austria.
1989 Aug 19, Polish President
Wojciech Jaruzelski formally nominated Tadeusz Mazowiecki to become
Poland's first non-Communist prime minister in four decades.
1989 Aug 20, Entertainment
executive Jose Menendez and his wife, Kitty, were murdered in their
Beverly Hills, Calif., mansion. Eric and Lyle Menendez stood accused
of murdering their parents. In their first trial the jury
deadlocked, but in 1996 they were convicted of first-degree murder.
They based their defense on a history of parental abuse.
(SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-15)(WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-1)
1989 Aug 20, British
conservationist George Adamson (83) was shot and killed by bandits
in Kenya. The husband of Joy Adamson was slaughtered at his Kora
wilderness preserve. In 2000 the TV documentary “To Walk with Lions"
dramatized his final days.
(AP, 8/20/99)(WSJ, 9/8/00, p.W4)
1989 Aug 20, Fifty-one people
died when a pleasure boat sank in the Thames River in London.
1989 Aug 21, The US space probe
Voyager 2 fired its thrusters to bring it closer to Neptune's
mysterious moon Triton.
1989 Aug 21, Colombian soldiers
and police raided the estates of drug lords as part of a crackdown
that followed the shooting death of a presidential candidate.
1989 Aug 22, Nolan Ryan of the
Texas Rangers struck out his 5,000th batter, Rickey Henderson.
1989 Aug 22, Black Panther
co-founder Huey P. Newton (47) was shot to death in Oakland, Calif.,
by a drug dealer. On Dec 11, 1991, gunman Tyrone Robinson (25) was
sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.
(AP, 8/22/97)(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A15)(SSFC,
11/27/16, DB p.50)
1989 Aug 23, In a case that
inflamed racial tensions in New York City, Yusuf Hawkins, a black
teen-ager, was shot dead after he and his friends were confronted by
white youths in a Brooklyn neighborhood.
1989 Aug 23, Approximately two
million people joined their hands to form an over 600 km (373 mi)
long human chain across the three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia,
and Lithuania. This original demonstration was organized to draw the
world's attention to the common historical fate which these three
countries suffered. It marked the 50th anniversary of August 23,
1939, when the Soviet Union and Germany in the secret protocol of
the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact divided spheres of interest in Eastern
Europe, which led to the occupation of these three states.
1989 Aug 23, Hungary removed
its physical border defenses with Austria, and in September more
than 13,000 East German tourists in Hungary escaped to Austria.
1989 Aug 24, Commissioner A.
Bartlett Giamatti banned Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose from
major league baseball for gambling.
1989 Aug 24, Voyager II passed
within three thousand miles of Neptune sending back striking
1989 Aug 24, British brewery
Bass bought the Holiday Inn hotel chain.
1989 Aug 24, Colombian drug
lords declared "total war" on the government.
1989 Aug 24, Poland appointed
Tadeusz Mazowiecki prime minister, becoming the first country in the
Soviet bloc to name a non-communist prime minister since the late
1940s. Krzysztof Skubiszewski (d.2010 at 83) became foreign minister
under PM Mazowiecki. Skubiszewski served under three more prime
ministers before leaving the job in 1993.
(Reuters, 8/24/01)(AP, 2/8/10)
1989 Aug 25, Rep. Barney Frank,
D-Mass., acknowledged hiring a male prostitute as a personal
employee, then firing him after suspecting the aide was selling sex
from Frank's apartment.
1989 Aug 25, NASA scientists
received stunning photographs of Neptune and its moons from Voyager
1989 Aug 26, A team from
Trumbull, Conn., became the first American team since 1983 to win
the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pa.
1989 Aug 26, Irving Stone, US
writer born as Irving Tennenbaum (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life),
died in Los Angeles.
1989 Aug 27, Some 100 marched
through Bensonhurst, NYC, protesting racial killings.
1989 Aug 27, The first U.S.
commercial satellite rocket was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.,
a Delta booster carrying a British communications satellite.
1989 Aug 27, Chuck Berry
performed his tune Johnny B. Goode for NASA staff in celebration of
Voyager II's encounter with the planet Neptune.
1989 Aug 28, Former
televangelist Jim Bakker's fraud and conspiracy trial opened in
Charlotte, N.C.; Bakker was convicted of all 24 counts the next
October and then served 4 ½ years of an 8 year sentence.
(AP, 8/28/99)(SSFC, 7/22/07, p.B7)
1989 Aug 29, Seven bombs
believed set off by drug traffickers exploded in Medellin and
1989 Aug 30, A federal jury in
New York found "hotel queen" Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax
evasion but acquitted her of extortion. Helmsley served 18 months
behind bars, a month at a halfway house and two months under house
1989 Aug 30, Dorothy Schiff
(b.1903) former owner of the New York Post, died. In 2007 Marilyn
Nissenson authored “The Lady Upstairs: Dorothy Schiff and the New
1989 Aug 30, The Cambodian
peace talks in Paris collapsed.
(Hem, 4/96, p.15)(http://tinyurl.com/nz3x5)
1989 Aug 31, Arbitrator Thomas
Roberts ordered Major League sports owners to pay $105 million for
collusion against free agents after the 1985 baseball season.
1989 Aug 31, Britain's Princess
Anne and husband Mark Phillips announced they were separating.
1989 Aug, WorldCom, formerly
LDDS Communications, went public through a merger with Advantage
(WSJ, 6/27/02, p.A11)
1989 Sep 1, A. Bartlett
Giamatti (51), Baseball Commissioner, died of heart attack at his
summer home in Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
1989 Sep 2, In Nicaragua, a
14-party opposition coalition chose Violeta Barrios de Chamorro as
its presidential candidate. Chamorro went on to win the election the
1989 Sep 3, "Into the Woods"
closed at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 764 performances.
1989 Sep 3, The United States
began shipping a $65 million package of military aircraft and
weapons to help Colombia's war against drug lords.
1989 Sep 3, In Brazil a Varig
737-300 plane crashed in the Amazon jungle with 52 people aboard. 14
died and 34 were injured.
1989 Sep 3, A Cubana de
Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in Havana, killing all 126
aboard and 26 people on the ground.
1989 Sep 4, The Air Force
launched its last Titan 3 rocket, which reportedly carried a
reconnaissance satellite. Since 1964, the Titan 3 had sent more than
200 satellites into space.
1989 Sep 4, Georges Simenon
(86), Belgian/French writer and director (Maigret), died. The
Belgian born writer, authored some 200 novels. Many featured the
crime-busting hero Inspector Maigret.
1989 Sep 5, In his first
nationally broadcast address from the White House, President Bush
outlined a plan to fight illicit drugs, which he called the
"quicksand of our entire society."
1989 Sep 6, The Guardian
reported that a French police computer had mixed codes and accused
41,000 Parisians of murder and prostitution rather than traffic
1989 Sep 6, The National Party,
the governing party of South Africa, lost nearly a quarter of its
parliament seats to far-right and anti-apartheid rivals, its worst
setback in four decades.
1989 Sep 7, The US Senate voted
76-8 to approve the Americans with Disabilities Act, forbidding
discrimination in employment, public accommodations, transportation
1989 Sep 7, A robbery by 2
bandits took place at the BofA headquarters. A Brink’s guard was
killed and another wounded along with a passer-by. The bandits
escaped on mountain bikes with undisclosed sums that were later
believed to be bearer bonds.
(SFEC, 6/25/00, Z1 p.3)
1989 Sep 8, Former President
Reagan underwent surgery at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota to relieve
fluid build-up on his brain after a horse-riding accident.
1989 Sep 9, West German Steffi
Graf won the women's tennis title at the U.S. Open in New York,
defeating second-ranked Martina Navratilova.
1989 Sep 10, Hungary gave
permission for thousands of East German refugees and visitors to
emigrate to West Germany.
1989 Sep 11, The exodus of East
German refugees from Hungary to West Germany began, by way of
1989 Sep 12, David Dinkins,
Manhattan borough president, won New York City's Democratic mayoral
primary, defeating incumbent Mayor Ed Koch and two other candidates
on his way to becoming the city's first black mayor.
1989 Sep 13, Fay Vincent was
named commissioner of Major League Baseball, succeeding the late A.
1989 Sep 13, Desmond Tutu led
the biggest anti-apartheid protest march in S. Africa.
1989 Sep 14, ACT-UP AIDS
activists shut down the New York Stock Exchange for a short time
when they chained themselves to a balcony overlooking the floor.
(SFC, 3/22/97, p.A13)
1989 Sep 14, Joseph T.
Wesbecker, a 47-year-old pressman on disability for mental illness,
killed himself after he shot 8 people dead and wounded 12 at a
printing plant in Louisville, Ky.
1989 Sep 15, Pulitzer
Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren (b.1905), the first poet
laureate of the United States, died in Stratton, Vt., at age 84. He
authored 16 poetry collections and 10 novels that included the 1946
"All the King’s Men."
(WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)(AP, 9/14/99)
1989 Sep 16, Debbye Turner of
Missouri was crowned Miss America at the pageant in Atlantic City,
1989 Sep 17, In the 41st Emmy
Awards winners included LA Law, Cheers, Dana Delany & Candice
1989 Sep 17, Hurricane Hugo
slammed into several Caribbean islands, including St. Croix, which
was the hardest hit. The 4 day sweep through the Caribbean killed
1989 Sep 18, California’s Gov.
Deukmejian signed into law a bill making it illegal to eat household
(SSFC, 9/14/14, DB p.42)
1989 Sep 18, The NeXT computer
with NeXTSTEP 1.0 software was released. The computer was priced at
(SFC, 8/25/11, p.A10)
1989 Sep 18, Hurricane Hugo
reached Puerto Rico, causing extensive damage as it continued to
barrel toward the U.S. mainland.
1989 Sep 19, A Paris-bound
French DC-10, UTA Flight 772, was bombed over the Sahara desert of
Niger and all 170 passengers died. French authorities placed the
blame on Libya’s Abdallah Senoussi, brother-in-law of Moammar
Khadafy and chief of foreign operations for the Libyan secret
service. The six Libyan suspects were named by a French judge in
1998 and tried in absentia in 1999. The attack was in retaliation
for French intervention on behalf of Chad in a war with Libya since
the mid 1980s. In 2004 Libya signed a $170 million compensation
accord with families of the people killed. In 2008 a federal judge
in Washington ordered Libya and six of its officials to pay more
than $6 billion in damages to the families of 7 Americans killed in
(SFC, 5/7/97, p.C3)(SFEC, 10/19/97, p.A26)(WSJ,
1/30/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A11)(SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)(AP,
9/19/99)(AP, 1/9/04)(Reuters, 1/16/08)
1989 Sep 20, The musical "Miss
Saigon," premiered in London.
1989 Sep 20, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev pulled off a major shake-up of the Soviet
Communist Party, dropping three Politburo members.
1989 Sep 20, F.W. de Klerk
(b.1936) was sworn in as president of South Africa. Frederik Willem
de Klerk was the last president (1989-1994) of Apartheid-era South
1989 Sep 21, General Colin
Powell was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff.
1989 Sep 21, Hurricane Hugo,
packing winds of up to 135 mph, crashed into Charleston, S.C.
1989 Sep 21, In Alton, Texas,
21 students died when their school bus collided with a truck and
careered into a water-filled pit.
1989 Sep 22, Irving Berlin, one
of America's most prolific songwriters, died in New York City at age
1989 Sep 22, An IRA-bomb killed
10 British marines in Kent.
1989 Sep 23, President Bush,
saying he was "very pleased" with talks between Secretary of State
James Baker and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, told
reporters there would be a superpower summit later in the year.
1989 Sep 24, Residents of
Charleston, S.C., attended church services as they faced a third day
of recovering from the devastation of Hurricane Hugo. Hugo caused 56
deaths in the Caribbean and 29 in the United States. The storm hit
Guadeloupe, Montserrat, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico
before striking South Carolina.
(AP, 9/24/99)(AP, 9/11/04)
1989 Sep 25, President Bush,
addressing the UN General Assembly, offered to slash American stocks
of chemical weapons by more than 80%, provided the Soviets did the
1989 Sep 26, In a speech to the
UN General Assembly, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze
accepted President Bush's call for deep cuts in US and Soviet
chemical weapon stockpiles. Shevardnadze called for the total
destruction of Soviet and US chemical weapons.
1989 Sep 26, The last
Vietnamese soldiers left Cambodia. Vietnam withdrew the last of
(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(PC, 1992 ed, p.1113)
1989 Sep 27, Columbia Pictures
Entertainment Inc. agreed to a $3.4 billion buyout by Sony
1989 Sep 28, Deposed Philippine
President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72. He
was the author of 2 books: "The Law of Human Rights in the
Philippines" and "Democracy in the Philippines." Marcos’ corrupt US
backed regime in the Philippines spanned over twenty years. Corazon
Aquino was his successor.
(SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(AP, 9/28/97)(SFC, 5/12/97,
1989 Sep 29, In California The
Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989 was signed into law.
Republican Gov. George Deukmejian and Democratic lawmakers in
control of the Legislature had negotiated the creation of the
Integrated Waste Management Board to oversee the reduction of waste
going to landfills.
(SSFC, 6/14/09, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/l9wx7d)
1989 Sep 29, Actress Zsa Zsa
Gabor was convicted of battery for slapping a Beverly Hills police
officer who had pulled over her Rolls-Royce for expired license
plates. As part of her sentence, Gabor served three days in jail.
1989 Sep 30, Virgil Thomson
(b.1896), US composer and critic, died at age 92. His work included
“4 Saints in 3 Acts" (1934) and "The Mother of Us All," products of
the collaboration between the closeted gay composer and the
extroverted lesbian poet, Gertrude Stein. In 1997 Anthony Tommasini
wrote "Virgil Thomson: Composer on the Aisle."
10/19/97, Par p.18)
1989 Sep 30, Thousands of East
Germans who had sought refuge in West German embassies in
Czechoslovakia and Poland began emigrating under an accord between
Soviet bloc and NATO nations.
1989 Sep, Ten workers of the
Kentucky Pyro Mining Co. were killed in a mine explosion of methane
gas. In 1996 3 executives were sentenced to prison for safety-law
(SFC, 6/13/96, p.A4)(WSJ, 6/14/96, p.A7)
1989 Sep, Ramiz Alia, head of
Albania, addressed the Eighth Plenum of the Central Committee and
signaled that radical changes to the economic system were necessary.
1989 Sep, Israel outlawed Hamas
as a terrorist organization following dozens of shooting attacks
that killed Israelis.
1989 Sep, Werner Aspenstrom
(1919-1997), Swedish poet, resigned from the Nobel Academy for
literature, along with novelists Kerstin Ekman and Lars Gyllensten,
for the academy’s weak response to the Salmon Rushdie controversy.
Aspenstrom’s work included "Snolegend" (1949) and "Varelser" (1989).
1989 Oct 1, Gen. Colin Powell
was appointed Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the US Dept.
(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A14)
1989 Oct 1, The San Francisco
Health Department reported the first two documented cases in which
men became infected with the AIDS virus through oral sex.
1989 Oct 1, Thousands of East
Germans received a triumphal welcome in West Germany after the
communist government agreed to let them leave for the West.
1989 Oct 1, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, 11 homosexual couples were married. It was the first time
any country allowed such marriages.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B3)
1989 Oct 2, Nearly 10,000
people marched through Leipzig, East Germany, demanding legalization
of opposition groups and adoption of democratic reforms in the
country's largest protest since 1953.
1989 Oct 3, Art Shell became
the first African-American to coach a professional football team,
the Los Angeles Raiders.
1989 Oct 3, In a move to stem
the flow of refugees to the West, East Germany suspended
unrestricted travel to Czechoslovakia.
1989 Oct 3, The EU Parliament
issued its “Television Without Frontiers" directive.
1989 Oct 3, Troops loyal to
Panamanian leader General Manuel Noriega crushed a coup attempt by
rebel mid-level officers. The officers, including Maj. Moises
Giroldi, who led the failed coup against Noriega were later
executed. Noriega was convicted in absentia in 1995 and in 1999
Panama sought his extradition to face trial.
(AP, 10/3/99)(WSJ, 4/7/99, p.A1)(SFC, 1/25/07,
1989 Oct 4, Fawaz Younis, a
Lebanese hijacker convicted of commandeering a Jordanian jetliner in
1985 with two Americans aboard, was sentenced in Washington to 30
years in prison.
1989 Oct 4, Famed race horse
Secretariat, the 1973 Triple Crown winner, died at Claiborne Farm,
Paris, Ky., at age 19 ½.
(AH, 10/04, p.15)
1989 Oct 5, The Dalai Lama, the
spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet, was named winner of the
Nobel Peace Prize.
1989 Oct 5, A jury in
Charlotte, N.C., convicted former PTL evangelist Jim Bakker on all
24 counts of fraud and conspiracy. He used his television show to
1989 Oct 6, Actress Bette Davis
(81) died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. In 1962 she authored her
memoir “The Lonely Life." In 2006 Charlotte Chandler authored “The
Girl Who Walked Home Alone," a personal biography of Davis.
(AP, 10/6/97)(WSJ, 3/4/06, p.P8)(WSJ, 2/21/09,
1989 Oct 6, Soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev joined in festivities in East Berlin marking the
40th anniversary of East Germany, while thousands of refugees
migrated to the West.
1989 Oct 7, Hungary's Communist
Party renounced Marxism in favor of democratic socialism during a
party congress in Budapest.
1989 Oct 8, The Oakland A's won
the American League pennant for the second year in a row by
defeating the Toronto Blue Jays.
1989 Oct 9, The San Francisco
Giants won the National League championship by defeating the Chicago
1989 Oct 9, The official Soviet
news agency Tass reported that a spaceship of some kind, complete
with a trio of tall aliens, had visited a park in the city of
1989 Oct 10, South African
President F.W. de Klerk announced that eight prominent political
prisoners, including African National Congress official Walter
Sisulu, would be unconditionally freed, but that Nelson Mandela
would remain imprisoned.
1989 Oct 11, The US House
narrowly approved an amendment to an appropriations bill that would
restore Medicaid for abortions in cases of rape or incest. President
Bush later vetoed the bill, and the veto was upheld.
1989 Oct 11, In California
Cathy Paternoster (32) was shot and killed and her boyfriend Carl
Fuerst (41) was wounded outside their Spring Valley Lake home. In
2009 Eric Fagan (74) was arrested in connection with the killing of
Paternoster, his girlfriend’s daugher. Police said Fagan had killed
Cathy Paternoster so that her mother, Betty Paternoster, could gain
custody of her 3 granddaughters.
1989 Oct 12, The US House
approved a statutory federal ban on desecration of the American
flag. The Senate defeated the measure a week later.
1989 Oct 12, Jay Ward (b.1920),
cartoonist, died. He and Bill Scott produced the 1959 TV show "Rocky
and His Friends," which featured Rocket J. Squirrel and Bullwinkle
(SFEC, 12/15/96, DB
1989 Oct 12, Greek PM Tzannis
Tzannetakis resigned when the Synaspismos withdrew its support.
Yiannis Grivas then formed a caretaker government until fresh
elections could be held.
1989 Oct 13, The Dow Jones
Industrial Average plunged 190 points, triggering memories of the
1989 Oct 14, Colombia
extradited three suspected drug traffickers to the United States as
part of a war on the cocaine cartel.
1989 Oct 15, The NHL's Wayne
Gretzky of the Los Angeles Kings surpassed Gordie Howe's scoring
record of 1,850 points, in a game against the Edmonton Oilers.
1989 Oct 15, South African
officials released eight prominent political prisoners, including
Walter Sisulu, a leader of the African National Congress.
1989 Oct 16, President Bush
signed an order cutting federal programs by $16.1 billion under the
Gramm-Rudman budget-reduction law.
1989 Oct 17, The SF Marriott
Marquis Hotel opened at 780 Mission St. The Olympia & York Real
Estate Dev. Co. opened the 1,500 room Marriott, which was quickly
dubbed the Jukebox Marriott for its garish design by Daniel Mann
Johnson & Mendenhall.
(SF E&C, 1/15/1995, SFE Mag. p.26)(SFC,
1/4/99, p.E3)(SSFC, 8/17/14, p.E2)
1989 Oct 17, The 7.1 Loma
Prieta earthquake [Watsonville] hit the Bay Area minutes before the
start of a World Series game at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. 67
people died and 3,000 were injured. It caused $7 billion worth of
damage. The Spreckels Temple of Music in Golden Gate Park was
damaged and later restored. 28,000 structures were damaged and
several freeways ruined. 42 people died on the Cypress Freeway. At
the train station in SF Dr. Margaret McChesney commandeered a tour
bus to take frightened passengers home and navigated the driver
safely through barricades of cars and gangs of marauding youths on
3rd St. In 1999 new measuring methods changed the magnitude to 6.9.
(SFC, 4/15/96, A-6)(SFC, 10/17/96, A15)(SFC,
7/23/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)(AR, 9/12/98)(HN, 10/17/98)(SFC,
1989 Oct 18, The space shuttle
Atlantis was launched on a five-day mission that included deployment
of the Galileo space probe on a course for Jupiter.
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A2)(AP, 10/18/99)
1989 Oct 18, In East Germany
after 18 years in power, Erich Honecker resigned from his offices as
head of state and party leader. He was succeeded by Egon Krenz.
1989 Oct 19, Camilo Jose Cela
of Spain received the Nobel Prize for literature.
1989 Oct 19, The US Senate
rejected a proposed constitutional amendment barring desecration of
the American flag.
1989 Oct 19, The Guildford
Four, cleared from earlier conviction for the 1975 IRA bombings of
public houses in Guildford and Woolwich, England, were cleared of
all charges after 14 years in prison. Sarah Conlon (1926-2008)
struggled for years to clear her son, Gerry Conlon, imprisoned as
one of the Guildford Four. Conlon's autobiography, "Proved Innocent"
(1990), became the basis for the 1993 film, "In the Name of the
Father," starring Daniel Day-Lewis as Conlon.
1989 Oct 20, The Senate
convicted U.S. District Judge Alcee L. Hastings of perjury and
conspiracy and removed him from office. The conviction was later
overturned and Hastings was later elected in Florida to the House of
(AP, 10/20/99)(SFC, 9/18/08, p.A6)
1989 Oct 20, Former President
Reagan and his wife, Nancy, began a visit to Japan sponsored by a
1989 Oct 20, Smith Dairy at
Orrville, Ohio, made the largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal).
1989 Oct 20, Anthony Quayle
(76), English actor (Moses, Operation Crossbow), died in London of
1989 Oct 21, Rescue workers in
Oakland, Calif., pulled longshoreman Buck Helm alive from the
wreckage of the Nimitz Freeway, part of which had collapsed during
the Oct. 17 earthquake. Helm died less than a month later.
1989 Oct 22, Survivors of the
Northern California earthquake attended church services as the
cleanup and recovery efforts continued.
1989 Oct 22, Jacob Erwin
Wetterling (b.1978) was abducted in St. Joseph, Minnesota. Neither
he or his abductor have been found. In 1994, the Jacob Wetterling
Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration
Act, more simply known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, was passed in
1989 Oct 22, Khmer Rouge
occupied Pailin in Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge used the gem mining
town of Pailin near the Thai border to finance its operations with
gem and timber profits.
1989 Oct 22, The Lebanese
parliament agreed on a power-sharing formula between Christians and
Muslims that ended civil war a year later.
(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)
1989 Oct 23, In a case that
inflamed racial tensions in Boston, Charles Stuart claimed he and
his pregnant wife, Carol, had been shot in their car by a black
robber. Carol Stuart and her prematurely delivered baby died;
Charles Stuart later died, an apparent suicide, after he was
1989 Oct 23, Twenty-three
people were killed in an explosion at Phillips Petroleum Co.'s
chemical complex in Pasadena, Texas.
1989 Oct 23, Hungary proclaimed
itself a republic and declared an end to communist rule.
1989 Oct 24, TV evangelist Jim
Bakker was sentenced to 45 years in prison and fined half-a-million
dollars for fleecing his flock.
Oct 24, In East Germany Egon Krenz assumed the chairmanship of the
Council of State. [see Dec 3,6]
1989 Oct 25, Novelist and
critic Mary McCarthy (b.1912) died in New York at age 77. Her work
included: "The Company She Keeps," "Memoirs of a Catholic Girlhood,"
"The Group," and "Ideas and the Novel." In 2000 Frances Kiernan
authored the biography "Seeing Mary Plain."
(AP, 10/25/99)(WSJ, 3/17/00, p.W9)(SFEC, 4/30/00,
1989 Oct 25, Soviet leader
Mikhail S. Gorbachev began a three-day visit to Finland.
1989 Oct 26, Washington, D.C.
attorney Paul Tagliabue was tapped by NFL team owners to be the
league's new commissioner, succeeding Pete Rozelle.
1989 Oct 27, The third game of
the World Series, delayed by the Northern California earthquake, was
played at Candlestick Park. The Oakland A's defeated the SF Giants,
1989 Oct 28, The Oakland A's
won the earthquake-interrupted World Series, completing a four-game
sweep of the San Francisco Giants.
1989 Oct 28, Twenty people were
killed in the crash of a commuter plane on the island of Hawaii.
1989 Oct 29, Angelo Mercurio
(1936-2006), an FBI informant, attended a Mafia induction ceremony
at a suburban Boston home. His evidence helped bring down the crime
family led by Raymond “Junior" Patriarca.
(SFC, 2/13/07, p.B4)(http://tinyurl.com/36ccng)
1989 Oct 29, At least 20,000
East Berliners observed a minute of silence for those killed while
attempting to flee over the Berlin Wall, the first such public
mourning since Communist Party authorities built the wall in 1961.
1989 Oct 30, Mitsubishi Estate
Co., a major Japanese real estate concern, announced it was buying
51 percent of Rockefeller Group Inc. of New York.
1989 Oct 31, President Bush
announced he and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would hold an
early December summit aboard ships in the Mediterranean near Malta.
1989 Oct, Al Martino, pop
singer, was inducted into the Philadelphia Hall of Fame.
(SFEC, 10/5/97, DB p.74)
1989 Oct, Britain’s chancellor
Nigel Lawson resigned, infuriated that PM Margaret Thatcher was
trying to undermine his policy of shadowing the Deutschmark.
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.28)
1989 Oct, The Nobel Prize in
Economics was awarded to Trygve Haavelmo of Norway, for
clarification of the probability theory foundation of econometrics.
(SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(AP, 10/11/09)
1989 Oct, Pres. Menem issued
pardons to 277 of those already convicted or indicted for crimes
during the rule of the military junta, including nearly 40 generals
and several guerrilla leaders.
1989 Oct, In El Salvador the
CIA station in San Salvador began providing the Salvadoran security
forces with money to the resettle Marxist guerilla turned informer,
Pedro Antonio Andrade Martinez (aka Mario Gonzalez), in the US. He
had been recently captured and became a highly paid informer for the
Salvadoran armed forces. Information from Andrade later led to the
capture, torture or disappearance of some 200 guerrillas. In 1996 he
was arrested in the US for failure to renew his visa. In 1997 the
Clinton administration sought to deport him.
(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A21)(SFC, 2/22/96, p.A7)
1989 Nov 1, East Germany
reopened its border with Czechoslovakia, prompting tens of thousands
of refugees to flee to the West.
1989 Nov 1, A Scandinavian
Airlines System (SAS) and Finnair ban on smoking took effect for all
1989 Nov 2, President Bush and
congressional Republicans dropped their Capitol Hill quest for a cut
in the capital gains tax.
1989 Nov 2, Sister Diana Ortiz
was raped and tortured in Guatemala. She has claimed that a man
called Allejandro appeared in charge and that he spoke colloquial
English and spoke of contacts with the US Embassy. The US government
has denied any connection.
(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-6)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-10)
1989 Nov 3, East German leader
Egon Krenz delivered a nationally broadcast speech in which he
promised sweeping economic and political reforms and called on East
Germans to stay.
1989 Nov 4, Up to a million
East Germans filled the streets of East Berlin for a pro-democracy
1989 Nov 4, Typhoon Gay hit
India. It claimed 69 lives there and destroyed or damaged some
20,000 homes. In total it caused 1,060 direct casualties.
1989 Nov 4, Iran marked the
10th anniversary of the seizure of the U.S. Embassy.
1989 Nov 4, In Japan Yokohama
lawyer, Tsutsumi Sakamoto, was kidnapped with his wife and infant
son. He had been leading a legal crusade against the Aum Shinri Kyo
cult. Later top members of the cult admitted to killing the family.
In 1998 Kazuaki Okazaki (38) was sentenced to death for the murder.
In 2000 Satoru Hashimoto was sentenced to death for the strangling
deaths of the Sakamoto family and for the 1995 sarin gas attacks.
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 10/24/98, p.A12)(SFC,
1989 Nov 5, Vladimir Horowitz,
Russian-born pianist, died at age 85. His wife, Wanda, (d.1998), was
the daughter of conductor Arturo Toscanini.
(SFEC, 8/23/98, p.D4)(AP, 11/5/99)
1989 Nov 5, Singer-songwriter
Barry Sadler, 49, died in Murfreesboro, Tenn.
1989 Nov 6, Kitty Dukakis, wife
of Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis, was hospitalized after
ingesting rubbing alcohol.
1989 Nov 6, Word Perfect 5.1
1989 Nov 6, The Asia Pacific
Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, initiated by Australia, began as
an informal Ministerial-level dialogue group with 12 members:
Australia, Brunei, Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand,
Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, United States.
1989 Nov 7, NYC elected its 1st
black mayor, David N. Dinkins, and female comptroller, Elizabeth
1989 Nov 7, L. Douglas Wilder
won the governor's race in Virginia, becoming the first elected
black governor in US history.
1989 Nov 7, Richard Ramirez,
convicted of California's "Night Stalker" killings, was sentenced to
1989 Nov 8, In an attempt to
strengthen his 3-week-old leadership, East German Communist Party
chief Egon Krenz ousted the old guard of the ruling Politburo,
replacing them with reformers.
1989 Nov 8, Jordan held
elections. Each voter cast one ballot for an individual candidate
and another for an electoral list. Islamists formed the largest bloc
1989 Nov 9, The Berlin Wall
broke open after East German bureaucrat Guenter Schabowski
(1929-2015) pulled a sheet of paper from his pocket and read out a
decree stating that visas would be freely granted to those wanting
to travel outside or leave the Stalinist state. Joyous Germans
danced atop the Berlin Wall. Over its 28-year history at least 136
people were confirmed killed trying to cross the Wall into West
Berlin, according to official figures. However, a prominent victims'
group claimed that more than 200 people were killed trying to flee
from East to West Berlin. Peter Wyden in this year authored "Wall:
The Inside Story of Divided Berlin." In 2004 William F. Buckley
authored "The Fall of the Berlin Wall." In 2014 Mary Elise Sarotte
authored “The Collapse: The Accidental Opening of the Berlin Wall."
5/30/96, p.A12)(AP, 11/9/97)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)(WSJ, 3/18/04,
p.D10)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.25)(Econ, 11/8/14, p.83)(AFP, 11/1/15)
1989 Nov 9, Turgut Ozal became
the 8th president of Turkey elected by the Grand National Assembly
1989 Nov 10, In Bulgaria
Communist ruler Todor Zhivkov (1911-1998) was thrown out of office
after a 35-year dictatorship. The ouster was led by Foreign Minister
Petar Mladenov who later became president.
(SFC, 11/29/96, p.B3)(SFC, 5/2/97,
1989 Nov 10, Workers began
punching a hole in the Berlin Wall, a day after East Germany
abolished its border restrictions.
1989 Nov 11, In a telephone
conversation with West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, East German
leader Egon Krenz ruled out any possibility reunification.
1989 Nov 12, The Broadway
musical "Grand Hotel," written by George Forrest and Robert Wright,
opened at the Martin Beck Theater for 1018 performances. William A.
Drake's 1932 screenplay was based on his own play adaptation of
Vicki Baum's novel Menschen im Hotel.
1989 Nov 12, Abortion rights
advocates rallied in cities across the country, including
1989 Nov 12, A triple
conjunction of Neptune and Saturn took place.
1989 Nov 13, IBM and Microsoft
expanded their partnership and agreed to develop software for
MS-DOS, MS OS/2, and MS LAN.
(Wired, 12/98, p.197)
1989 Nov 14, The U.S. Navy,
alarmed over a recent string of serious accidents, ordered an
unprecedented 48-hour stand-down.
1989 Nov 15, Solidarity leader
Lech Walesa was cheered by American lawmakers as he told a joint
meeting of Congress that U.S. aid to Poland "will not be wasted, and
will never be forgotten."
1989 Nov 16, In El Salvador 6
Jesuit priests and two other people were slain by uniformed gunmen
at the Jose Simeon Canas University in an attack later blamed on
army troops. In 2020 it was reported that two days before the
killing, members of an elite military group, the Atlacatl Battalion,
had done a "cateo," or targeted reconnaissance, of the priests'
residence. Later 19 Salvadoran soldiers, trained at the US Army
School of the Americas, were linked to the killing. In 2006 US
police in Los Angeles arrested a Salvadoran ex-lieutenant convicted
of killing the 6 Jesuits. In 2009 a Spanish judge opened an
investigation into 14 ex-Salvadoran military officials and
considered indicting them over the killings. In 2009 the 6 Jesuits
were decorated with the country's highest honor. In 2011 twenty
Salvadorans were indicted in Spain for their alleged roles in the
killings. On Feb 5, 2016, police arrested four former soldiers
wanted in Spain for the murder of the six Jesuit priests.
(AP, 11/16/99)(SFC, 9/21/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/27/06,
p.A1)(AP, 1/13/09)(AP, 11/16/09)(SFC, 9/12/12, p.A8)(AP, 2/6/16)(NBC
1989 Nov 17, A US Senate Ethics
Committee hired an outside counsel to look into allegations of
improprieties against six senators.
1989 Nov 17, The Cosmic
Background Explorer Satellite (COBE) was launched. It provided
evidence for the "Big Bang" that spawned the universe 10-20 billion
years ago. Dr. David T. Wilkinson (1935-2002) was the driving force
behind the launch.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(SFC, 9/16/02, p.A20)
1989 Nov 17, Emerson Buckley
(b.1917), conductor and composer, died.
1989 Nov 17, In Prague,
Czechoslovakia, a protest began as a legal rally to commemorate the
death of Jan Opletal, but turned instead into a demonstration
demanding democratic reforms. Riot police stopped the students
halfway in their march, in Narodni trida. After a stand-off in which
the students offered flowers to the riot police and showed no
resistance, the police began beating the young demonstrators with
night sticks. The six-week period between November 17 and December
29, 1989, also known as the "Velvet Revolution" brought about the
bloodless overthrow of the Czechoslovak communist regime.
1989 Nov 18, Pennsylvania
became the 1st state to restrict abortions after Supreme Court gave
states the right to do so.
1989 Nov 18, Longshoreman Buck
Helm died at a hospital in Oakland, almost a month after he was
pulled from a section of the Nimitz Freeway flattened by the
northern California earthquake.
1989 Nov 19, Funeral services
were held in El Salvador for six Jesuit priests slain by uniformed
1989 Nov 20, More than 200,000
people rallied peacefully in Prague, Czechoslovakia, demanding
democratic reforms and the ouster of Communist Party leader Milos
1989 Nov 20, The Int’l.
Convention on the Rights of the Child was established to protect the
economic, social and civil rights of children. The US and Somalia
did not ratify the Convention.
(SFEC, 10/8/00, Z1 p.4)(AP, 11/20/09)
1989 Nov 21, A law banning
smoking on most domestic flights signed by President Bush.
1989 Nov 21, The proceedings of
Britain's House of Commons were televised live for the first time.
1989 Nov 22, Eastern Airlines
pilots and flight attendants ended their strike. President Bush
vetoed a bill that would set up panel to investigate walkout. The
strike by machinists continued.
1989 Nov 22, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off at night.
1989 Nov 22, President Rene
Moawad of Lebanon was assassinated less than three weeks after
1989 Nov 23, Lucia Barrera de
Cerna, a housekeeper who said she had witnessed the slaying of six
Jesuit priests and two other people at the Jose Simeon Canas
University in El Salvador, was flown to the U.S. under heavy
1989 Nov 23, At least 300,000
people jammed Prague's Wenceslas Square to demand democratic reforms
1989 Nov 24, In Washington
state college student Mandy Stavik (18) disappeared after going out
for a jog in Acme. Her body was found three days later in the
Nooksack River. In 2017 police arrested Tim Bass (50) based on DNA
(https://tinyurl.com/y27c36rn)(CBS News, 7/18/20)
1989 Nov 24, Czechoslovakia's
hard-line Communist party leadership resigned after more than a week
of protests against its policies.
1989 Nov 24, In Peshawar,
Pakistan, Abdulla Yusuf Azzam, a Palestinian intellectual, was
assassinated in a car bombing reportedly ordered by Osama bin Laden
for suspected CIA ties.
1989 Nov 24, Romanian leader
Nicolae Ceausescu was unanimously re-elected Communist Party chief.
Within a month, he was overthrown in a popular uprising and executed
along with his wife, Elena, on Christmas Day.
1989 Nov 25, More than 500,000
demonstrators gathered in Prague, Czechoslovakia, where they scoffed
at a Communist Party shakeup and cheered Alexander Dubcek, the
reformer ousted in 1968.
1989 Nov 26, In the Comoro
Islands Pres. Ahmed Abdallah was assassinated in his presidential
palace in Moroni. In 1999 Bob Denard (Gilbert Bourgeaud), a French
mercenary and head of the presidential guard, and Dominique
Malacrino were put on trial for the killing. Denard was acquitted.
(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A15) (SFC, 5/20/99,
1989 Nov 26, El Salvador broke
relations with Nicaragua after a weapons-loaded plane from that
country was downed in El Salvador.
1989 Nov 26, In a national
referendum, voters decided that Hungary's next president would be
chosen by parliament, following free elections.
1989 Nov 27, A bomb, blamed by
police on drug traffickers, destroyed a Colombian jetliner minutes
after takeoff from Bogota's international airport. 107 people were
1989 Nov 28, In San Francisco a
16-story crane snapped apart during the morning rush hour. It
plunged to the pavement at the 20-story Federal Home Loan Bank Board
building at California and Kearny. 4 workers were killed and a bus
driver was crushed. 20 others were injured.
(SSFC, 11/23/14, DB p.42)
1989 Nov 28, Romanian gymnast
Nadia Comaneci arrived in New York after escaping her homeland by
way of Hungary.
1989 Nov 29, The Czechs ended
the Communist party's 40-year monopoly on power. The revolution in
Czechoslovakia was called the "Velvet Revolution" because of the
(HFA, '96, p.18)(SFEC, 2/2/97, DB. p.34)(AP,
1989 Nov 29, India president
Rajiv Gandhi resigned.
1989 Nov 30, President Bush
left Washington for his first summit with Soviet President Mikhail
S. Gorbachev that took place aboard ships off the Mediterranean
island of Malta.
1989 Nov 30, Alfred Herrhausen,
chairman of West Germany's largest bank, was killed in a bombing
claimed by the Red Army Faction. No Red Army member was charged and
in 2007 officials began to focus on Stasi, the East German police.
(AP, 11/30/99)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.88)(WSJ, 9/15/07,
1989 Nov, Rebellion erupted in
India-held Kashmir and small arms sniping between Indian soldiers
and rebels became routine. Many of the Islamic separatists trained
(SFC, 6/12/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)
1989 Nov, In Mexico Jose
Madariaga joined Raul Salinas and TV exec Abraham Zabludovsky in
buying Mexicana de Autobuses SA, a bus manufacturing company, for
(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A10)
1989 Nov, Turkey’s Pres. Turgut
Ozal (1927-1993) alarmed Syria and Iraq when he announced that the
flow of the Euphrates River would be held back for a month to fill
the Ataturk dam. Flow was increased for 2 months before the cutback
to offset the loss.
(NG, 5/93, p.49)(http://tinyurl.com/2mmycb)
1989 Dec 1, Alvin Ailey
(b.1931), leader of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater (Blues
Suite, Revelations), died. In 1996 Jennifer Dunning wrote his
biography: "Alvin Ailey, A Life in Dance."
(SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.4)(WSJ, 5/13/98,
1989 Dec 1, East Germany's
Parliament abolished the Communist Party's constitutional guarantee
1989 Dec 1, In an extraordinary
encounter, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Pope John
Paul II at the Vatican.
1989 Dec 2, President Bush and
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev held the first talks of their
wind-tossed Malta summit aboard the Soviet cruise ship "Maxim
1989 Dec 2, V.P. Singh was
sworn in as prime minister of India.
Dec 3, The East German SED Politburo resigned. 3 days later
Communist leader Egon Krenz stepped down as Chairman of the Council
1989 Dec 3, Presidents George
Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev, in Malta, announced the official
end to the Cold War.
(SSFC, 12/2/18, p.A13)
1989 Dec 4, President Bush
briefed NATO leaders in Brussels, Belgium, on the just-concluded
Malta summit with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
1989 Dec 5, East Germany's
former leaders, including ousted Communist Party chief Erich
Honecker, were placed under house arrest.
1989 Dec 5, A French TGV train
reached a world record speed of 482.4 kph.
1989 Dec 6, In Canada 14 women
were shot to death at the University of Montreal's school of
engineering by Marc Lepine, who then took his own life.
Dec 6, Egon Krenz resigned as leader of East Germany. In 1997 Krenz
was convicted with 2 colleagues of manslaughter for the shooting
deaths of those who tried to flee across the Berlin Wall prior to
(WSJ, 11/9/99, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/akpba)
1989 Dec 7, East Germany's
Communist Party agreed to cooperate with the opposition in paving
the way for free elections and a revised constitution.
1989 Dec 8, Communist leaders
in Czechoslovakia offered to surrender their control over the
government and accept a minority role in a coalition Cabinet.
1989 Dec 9, President Bush's
national security adviser, Brent Scowcroft, and Deputy Secretary of
State Lawrence Eagleburger began a surprise visit to Beijing, six
months after China's crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators.
1989 Dec 10, Czechoslovakia's
president, Gustav Husak, resigned after swearing in a coalition
cabinet in which Communists were relegated to a minority role.
1989 Dec 11, President Bush,
facing criticism at home for sending two U.S. officials to China,
defended the diplomatic overture despite the Beijing government's
crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators the previous June.
1989 Dec 12, In New York, hotel
queen Leona Helmsley was sentenced to four years in prison for tax
evasion. Helmsley served 18 months behind bars, plus a month at a
halfway house and two months of house arrest.
1989 Dec 12, Amid international
criticism, Britain forcibly removed 51 Vietnamese from Hong Kong and
returned them to their homeland.
1989 Dec 13, In Alaska Mt.
Redoubt began erupting. Nearly every one of the volcanic events
during the 1989-90 eruption of Redoubt Volcano generated lahars in
the Drift River Valley.
1989 Dec 13, South African
President F.W. de Klerk met for the first time with imprisoned
African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, at de Klerk's
office in Cape Town.
1989 Dec 14, Opposition leader
Patricio Aylwin, representing the left and center opposition
alliance, was elected president in Chile's first free election since
1970. However the generals maintained great power that included the
right to veto political decisions.
(AP, 12/14/02)(WSJ, 1/9/96,
1989 Dec 14, Nobel Peace
laureate (1975) Andrei D. Sakharov died in Moscow at age 68.
1989 Dec 15, GM and SAAB agreed
to form a 50-50 joint auto-making company, called Saab Automobile
A.B. GM acquired the rest of SAAB a decade later.
(http://tinyurl.com/oktgl)(Econ, 1/31/09, p.72)
1989 Dec 15, Mt. Redoubt
erupted in Alaska and sent baseball-sized pieces of pumice over 20
miles from the volcano. A 747 jet flew into its ash cloud, lost all
four engines and dropped 4,000 feet before it recovered. No one was
hurt but the plane sustained $80 million in damage.
(AAM, 3/96, p.84)(PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.31)
1989 Dec 15, Drug trafficker
Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha was killed in northern Colombia following a
shootout with police.
1989 Dec 15, A popular uprising
that resulted in the downfall of Romania's Nicolae Ceausescu began
as demonstrators gathered in Timisoara to prevent the arrest of the
Reverend Laszlo Tokes, a dissident clergyman.
1989 Dec 16, US Federal appeals
court judge Robert S. Vance was killed by a mail bomb at his Alabama
home. Walter Leroy Moody Junior was later sentenced to death for
killing Vance, and received seven life terms on federal charges in
that killing and the death of civil rights attorney Robert E.
1989 Dec 16, In Romania a
revolt began in Timisoara when authorities tried to forcibly move
ethnic Hungarian pastor Laszlo Toekes to a remote rural parish.
Supporters gathered outside his house and soon the site was teeming
with protesters. 6 days of fighting left 118 people killed.
1989 Dec 17, The cartoon series
“The Simpsons" premiered on Fox TV.
1989 Dec 17, More than 100,000
Soviet citizens turned out to honor the late human rights advocate
Andrei D. Sakharov, a day before he was buried in Moscow.
1989 Dec 18, Robert E.
Robinson, an attorney and alderman in Savannah, Ga., was killed by a
mail bomb similar to a device that had claimed the life of a federal
judge in Alabama two days earlier. Walter Leroy Moody Junior was
later convicted of both bombings, and is on Alabama's death row.
1989 Dec 19, Police in
Jacksonville, Fla., disarmed a parcel bomb at the local NAACP
office, the fourth in a series of mail bombs to turn up in the Deep
South. One bomb killed a Savannah, Ga., alderman, and another a
federal judge in Alabama. Walter L. Moody Jr. was convicted in both
1989 Dec 20, The United States
launched Operation Just Cause, sending troops into Panama to topple
the government of Gen. Manuel Noriega. Guillermo Endara replaced
Noriega. The US ended on Feb 13, 1990. It cost $182 million and left
23 US casualties with 320 wounded. A 1997 book: "The Memoirs of
Manuel Noriega" by Noriega and Peter Eisner told his version.
(SFEC, 4/13/97, BR p.3)(AP, 12/20/99)(WSJ,
9/22/99, p.A8)(HN, 12/20/99)
1989 Dec 20, The European
Commission advised against Turkey’s membership in the EEC.
(Econ, 10/23/10, SR
1989 Dec 21, VP Quayle sent out
30,000 Xmas cards with the word beacon spelled beakon.
1989 Dec 21, Kentuckian Larry
Mahoney was convicted on 27 counts of manslaughter for a 1988
collision with a church bus. It was the nation's most deadly
1989 Dec 21, Romanian President
Nicolae Ceausescu delivered what turned out to be his final public
speech. The hard-line Communist ruler was visibly stunned as his
listeners began booing. Ceausescu fled from power and was executed
four days later.
1989 Dec 22, Samuel Beckett
(83, playwright, died in Paris. His work included the novel "The
Unnamable." In 1997 2 biographies of Beckett were published: "Damned
to Fame" by James Knowlson and "Samuel Beckett: The Last Modernist,"
by Anthony Cronin. In 1999 Maurice Harmon published "No Author
Better Served: The Correspondence of Samuel Beckett and Alan
Schneider." Schneider (d.1984) was Beckett's American director.
(SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)(WSJ, 7/11/97, p.A12)(SFEC,
1/17/99, BR p.7)(AP, 12/22/99)
1989 Dec 22, Germany’s
Brandenburg Gate opened for border crossings.
1989 Dec 22, In Romania there
was a revolt and miners riots. Romania's hard-line Communist ruler,
Nicolae Ceausescu, was toppled in a popular uprising following 23
years of dictatorial rule. Ion Ileascu and other top Communist
functionaries of Ceausescu seized control. Ileascu ruled until Nov
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.A10)(SFC, 11/20/96, p.C4)(AP,
12/22/97)(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1989 Dec 23, Ousted Romanian
President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife, Elena, were captured as
they were attempting to flee their country.
1989 Dec 24, Charles Taylor, a
former cabinet minister under Samuel Doe, led a small group of
fighters across the border from the Ivory Coast into Liberia. Within
a few months he had looted and terrorized much of the countryside
and reached the capital. Taylor led the NPFL or National Patriotic
Front. The NPFL was composed mainly of the Mano and Gio tribes from
northern Nimba County.
(SFC, 4/16/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)(SFC,
1/30/97, p.A9)(SFC, 7/19/97, p.A8)
1989 Dec 24, Ousted Panamanian
ruler Manuel Noriega, who had succeeded in eluding US forces, took
refuge at the Vatican's diplomatic mission in Panama City. It took
weeks of negotiation and loud rock music played incessantly outside
the embassy by American forces before Noriega agreed to give himself
1989 Dec 25, Billy Martin
(b.1928), former baseball manager, died in a truck crash in Fenton,
1989 Dec 25, In Canada a 6.3
earthquake, the Ungava event, struck northern Quebec and was later
attributed to retreating ice sheets from 10,000 years earlier.
(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A11)
1989 Dec 25, The Bank of Japan
raised interest rates to slow the heated economy.
(Econ, 7/22/06, p.66)
1989 Dec 25, Ousted Romanian
President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife, Elena, were executed
following a popular uprising. His regime had mobilized some 700,000
informants to keep tabs on the population of 23 million people.
(SFC, 12/27/96, p.B1)(AP, 12/25/97)(SSFC,
1989 Dec 26, Romanian
television broadcast videotape of ousted President Nicolae Ceausescu
and his wife, Elena, at their secret trial and footage of
Ceausescu's body after his execution. That same day, a provisional
government took control of Romania.
1989 Dec 27, President Bush, on
a visit to Beeville, Texas, said he was determined to bring deposed
Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega to justice "for poisoning the
children of the United States" with illegal drugs.
1989 Dec 28, Alexander Dubcek,
former Czechoslovak Communist leader deposed in 1968 in a Soviet-led
Warsaw Pact invasion, was named chairman of the country's
1989 Dec 29, Playwright Vaclav
Havel was elected president of Czechoslovakia, the country's first
non-Communist leader in more than four decades.
1989 Dec 30, A Northwest
Airlines DC-10, target of a telephoned threat, flew safely from
Paris to Detroit amid extra-tight security.
1989 Dec 31, "Me & My
Girl," a revival of the 1937 British musical, closed at Marquis
Theater, NYC, after 1420 performances.
1989 Dec 31, The Japanese
Nikkei Index peaked at 38,915. The DJIA was at 2753.
(WSJ, 9/5/01, p.C1)
1989 Dec 31, Israeli PM Yitzhak
Shamir fired Science Minister Ezer Weizman, accusing him of meeting
with officials of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
1989 Dec, In San Francisco the
Coalition on Homelessness produced its first newsletter. In 1990 a
special edition was created for a Phil Collins concert at the
Shoreline Amphitheater, but concertgoers were not much interested.
Copies were returned to SF where homeless men began selling them on
the street giving birth to the modern Street Sheet.
(SFC, 9/11/14, p.D5)
1989 John Cage made his color
spit bite aquatint "75 Stones" at Crown Point Press.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, DB p.37)
1989 Bruce Conner (1933-2008)
created his lithograph collage "Bombhead."
(SFEM, 5/28/00, p.17)(SFC, 5/4/09, p.E3)
1989 Sculptor Arturo Di Modica
placed his 7,000-pound sculpture of a charging bull in front of the
New York Stock Exchange. It was soon moved to the foot of Broadway,
where it remained on “temporary" display. In 1998 he registered a
copyright on the bull.
(WSJ, 9/22/06, p.C3)
1989 A painting of the US flag
by Jasper Johns (b.1930) sold at auction for $12.1 million. This was
one of a series that he began in 1954. In 2010 another of his “Flag"
paintings, owned since 1974 by writer Michael Crichton (1942-2008),
went on auction.
1989 Tilted Arc, a sculpture by
Richard Serra, was hauled off to a city warehouse after being
displayed at Federal Plaza in Manhattan. It had become a symbol of
the bullying demands of public art.
(WSJ, 10/1/96, p.A20)
1989 Wayne Thiebaud made his
color etching "Steep Street" at Crown Point Press.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, DB p.37)
1989 Martin Sherman wrote the
play "A Madhouse in Goa."
(WSJ, 11/26/97, p.A12)
1989 Robert Allen wrote "The
Port Chicago Mutiny." It described a 1944 explosion at Port Chicago,
now the Concord Naval Weapons Station in Ca., that killed 320
seamen. The Navy court-martialed 50 black sailors for refusing to go
back to work after the catastrophe.
(SFEC, 3/2/97, z1 p.3)
1989 Don Anderson (1933-2014),
professor of geophysics at Caltech, published the first edition of
“Theory of the Earth."
(SFC, 12/17/14, p.E3)
1989 California’s Gov. Brown
and journalist Dick Adler co-authored "Public Justice, Private
Mercy: A Governor’s Education on Death Row."
(SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)
1989 Thomas Chinn (d.1997 at
88) published "Bridging the Pacific, San Francisco Chinatown and Its
People," a History of Chinatown.
(SFC, 9/16/97, p.A18)
1989 Stephen R. Covey (d.2012)
authored “Seven Habits of Highly Effective People: Restoring the
(WSJ, 10/27/07, p.W6)(AFP, 7/17/12)
1989 Miles Davis wrote his
(SFC, 11/14/97, p.C12)
1989 David Hackett Fischer
authored “Albion’s Seed: Four British Folkways in America, a look at
early American settlers from their origins as: Puritans, Quakers,
Cavaliers, and Scots-Irish.
(Econ, 11/13/04, p.39)
1989 Stanley Fischer and
Olivier Blanchard authored “Lectures on Macroeconomics."
(Econ, 5/2/09, p.78)
1989 British writer Ken
Follett's 1,000-page historical novel "The Pillars of the Earth"
sold tens of millions of copies and spent 18 weeks atop The New York
Times best sellers' list. Its story about the construction of a
12th-century cathedral in a fictional English town traced the same
era as that in which Notre-Dame assumed its majestic place in Paris.
In 2010 it was turned into a TV miniseries.
1989 Milton Friedman authored
“Agnelli, Fiat and the Network of Italian Power."
(Econ, 1/28/12, p.80)
1989 Peggy Lee wrote her
biography "Peggy Lee."
(SFC, 8/28/96, E10)
1989 Caroline Reynolds Milbank,
fashion historian, authored "New York Fashion."
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R40)
1989 Wayne Newton authored
"Once Before I Go.".
(SFC, 8/28/96, E10)
1989 Joseph Garber (1943-2005)
authored his novel “Rascal Money." It was initially intended as a
nonfiction work titled “In Search of Shabiness," a response to the
Tom Peters book “In Search of Excellence."
(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.A21)
1989 Prof. Charles M. Hardin
(1908-1997) wrote "Constitutional Reform in America."
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)
1989 Oscar Hijuelos (1951-2013)
published his novel "The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love." It was
made into a movie in 1992.
(SFC, 2/22/99, p.E5)(SFC, 10/15/12, p.C3)
1989 Michael Lewis authored
“Liar’s Poker," his semi-autobiographical account of his work with
Salomon Brothers in the 1980s.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liar%27s_Poker)(Econ, 1/24/09, SR
1989 Prof. Nicholas Howe
1953-2006) of UC Berkeley authored “Migration and Mythmaking in
(SFC, 10/16/06, p.B6)
1989 "Prisoners of Ritual: An
Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa" by Hanny
Lightfoot-Klein was published.
(NH, 8/96, p.65)
1989 James M. McPherson wrote
"Battle Cry of Freedom," a Pulitzer Prize winning work on the Civil
(WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A17)
1989 Vance Packard (1914-1996)
wrote "The Ultra Rich: How Much Is Too Much."
(SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)
1989 Jimmy M. Skaggs wrote
"Clipperton: A History of the Island the World Forgot."
(NH, 12/96, p.70)
1989 Allan Gurganus published
his novel "Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells All."
(SFC, 11/21/97, p.C6)
1989 Kazuo Ishiguro won this
year's Booker Award for his novel: "The Remains of the Day."
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-12)
1989 In Japan Shintaro Isihara
and Akio Morita, former chairman of Sony, co-authored "The Japan
That Can Say No." It argued that Japan should challenge US hegemony
and act as a geopolitical free agent.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A10)
1989 Tooru Joe Kanazawa (d.2002
at 95) authored "Sushi and Sourdough," a glimpse into the world of
Japanese immigrants in Alaska’s salmon canneries in the 1920s.
(SFC, 10/22/02, p.A16)
1989 Kanan Makiya authored
"Republic of Fear," a portrayal of Saddam Hussein's brutality, under
the pseudonym Samir al-Khalil while in exile in the US. The book
became a best seller in 1990, a year after its publication, when
Saddam invaded Kuwait.
1989 James Michener wrote his
(SFC, 10/17/97, p.A17)
1989 James Michener wrote "Six
Days in Havana" with John Kings.
(SFC, 10/17/97, p.A17)
1989 Patrick Rance (d.1999)
authored "The French Cheese Book."
(SFC, 8/30/99, p.A24)
1989 Maureen Reagan (d.2001 at
60), daughter of Pres. Ronald Reagan, authored the autobiography
"First Father, First Daughter."
(SFC, 8/9/01, p.A20)
1989 Jose Saramago of Portugal
authored "The History of the Siege of Lisbon."
(SFC, 10/9/98, p.A2)
1989 Gunther Schuller authored
“The Swing Era."
(WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W10)
1989 John Updike (1932-2009),
American writer, authored his memoir “Self-Consciousness."
(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.F3)
1989 William L. Urban authored
"The Samogitian Crusade".
1989 Karel Von Wolferen
authored “The Enigma of Japanese Power."
(Econ, 11/14/09, p.78)
1989 In China Wang Shuo
published “Whatever You Do, Don’t Treat Me as a Human." He had began
a literary movement known as "hooligan literature" in the
1980s. His novels included "The Operators." In 1996 the
government halted the printing of his books on the basis of moral
(SFC, 11/29/96, p.B9)
1989 Cliff Stoll authored “The
Cuckoo’s Egg," an account of a computer break-in at the Lawrence
Berkeley National Laboratory.
(SSFC, 10/23/11, p.F1)
1989 "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy
Tan was published.
(SFEC, 8/18/96, BR p. 2)
1989 The Broadway musical
"Grand Hotel" was written by George Forrest and Robert Wright.
(SFC, 10/13/99, p.C2)
1989 Hans van Manen created his
ballet "Black Cake."
(SFC, 4/4/00, p.B1)
1989 Astor Piazzolla (d.1992),
bandoneon player, recorded his album "Five Tango Sensations."
(BAAC, 1/96, p.4,5)(Esq., 5/91, p.60,61)
1989 The TV series “Father
Dowling Mysteries" (1989-1991) began with Tom Bosley (1927-2010) as
a crime-fighting Chicago priest. Tracy Nelson played Sister
(SFC, 10/20/10, p.A8)
1989 The TV miniseries
"Lonesome Dove" starred Robert Duvall and Tommy Lee Jones.
(SFC, 5/28/01, p.C1)
1989 The TV show Singstation,
featuring gospel music, began airing around Chicago.
(WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A12)
1989 Bill Monroe received the
first Grammy Award for the Best Bluegrass Recording of the year.
(SFC, 9/10/96, p.A17)
1989 Milli Vanilli, a duo
composed of Rob Pilatus (d.1998 at 32) and Fabrice Morvan, won a
Grammy for Best New Artist after their hits "Blame It on the Rain"
and "All or Nothing." It was later learned the duo lip-synched the
songs that were done by uncredited studio musicians and the award
was revoked in 1990. John Davis and Brad Howell did the vocals, but
did not want to travel. Producer Frank Farian then hired Pilatus and
(SFC, 4/6/98, p.A26)(BS, 5/3/98, p.6F)
1989 Nirvana with Kurt Cobain
released its debut album "Bleach" on the Sub Pop label.
(SFC, 7/30/97, p.E6)
1989 The Texas Tornados were
formed with Doug Sahm (d.1999 at 58) on steel guitar, Augie Meyers
(vocalist), Freddie Fender (guitar) and Flaco Jimenez (accordion).
(SFC, 11/20/99, p.A22)
1989 Sir Michael Tippett (84),
British composer, composed his 5th opera, "New Year." It premiered
in Houston, Texas.
(SFC, 1/10/98, p.A19)(http://tinyurl.com/gpbwl)
1989 In Chicago the AT&T
Corporate Center was completed. The 60-story building was designed
by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.B10)
1989 In Las Vegas the
3,044-room, $630 million Mirage Casino was completed.
(WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A18)
1989 Dallas opened The Sixth
Floor Museum dedicated to the 1963 assassination of JFK. It was
located on the 6th floor of the former School Book Depository near
the site of the murder.
(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.C8)
1989 Philip Berman (d.1997 at
82), art collector and philanthropist, became chairman of the
Philadelphia Museum of Art. He had prospered and retired from the
trucking business and led a capital campaign that raised $63.4
million for the museum between 1989 and 1993.
(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)
1989 The National Film
Preservation Board began selecting 25 films for entry to a national
list of film treasures.
(SFC, 1/21/98, p.E6)
1989 Kathy Keeton Guccione
(d.1997 at 58), associate founder of Penthouse Magazine, founded the
health magazine "Longevity."
(SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)
1989 In Chicago Marc Smith
founded the National Poetry Slam at the Green Mill outsider poetry
(WSJ, 9/10/98, p.A20)
1989 The Studio for Creative
Inquiry was founded at Carnegie-Mellon Univ. in Pittsburgh, Pa.
(WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A12)
1989 The Center for
Nonproliferation Studies was founded by William Potter based at the
Monterey Inst. for Int’l. Studies. Potter was a Soviet specialist
worried about weapons of mass destruction falling into the wrong
(SFC, 10/13/97, p.A21)
1989 The Financial Action Task
Force (FATF) came into existence on the initiative of the G7. The
inter-governmental body’s purpose was the development and promotion
of policies, both at national and international levels, to combat
money laundering and terrorist financing.
1989 Kalle Lasn founded the
Media Foundation in Vancouver to produce alternative advertising.
(WSJ, 11/19/97, p.A1)
1989 The Lannan Lifetime
Achievement Award was established to honor writers whose work was of
exceptional quality. J. Patrick Lannan Sr. (d.1983), entrepreneur
and financier, founded the Lannan foundation in 1960.
1989 The National Computer
Security Association (NCSA) was founded.
(Wired, 10/96, p.88)
1989 In the aftermath of the
Oct 17 Loma Prieta earthquake artist Bill Roan welded into place a
14-inch troll, visible only by boat, as a good luck charm for
workers on the SF Bay Bridge.
(SSFC, 8/25/13, p.C5)
1989 In San Francisco the music
group “Those Darn Accordions" formed and played their first gig at
the Paradise Lounge. The group included Clyde Forsman (1915-2009),
who quickly gained notoriety for his full body tattoos.
1989 In San Francisco a 6-story
office building at 200 California was built by Home Savings of
America and featured a clock tower at the top. Plans in 2014 called
for the removal of the clock tower and recoloring the red sandstone
to two shades of beige.
(SFC, 2/14/14, p.D1)
1989 The Getty family gave $15
million to the Univ. of California at Berkeley to build and renovate
the biology and anthropology facility in the Life Sciences Building.
(SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)
1989 In California the Hess
Collection in Napa opened as a combination winery and modern art
museum. Donald Hess, a Swiss water wizard, had acquired the former
Theodore Gier Winery in the 1970s.
(SFEC, 2/22/98, p.T5)
1989 The new Pelican Bay prison
opened in northern California.
(SFC, 9/20/96, p.A24)
1989 21 tons of cocaine powder
were found in a San Fernando Valley warehouse. It was the largest
single US seizure of drugs.
(SFEC, 10/20/96, A13)
1989 The city of Berkeley Ca.,
passed a ban on Styrofoam.
(SFC, 4/29/08, p.A1)
1989 In California a Parking
and Business Improvement Area Law authorized the formation of a
Business Improvement District enabling a city, county, or joint
powers authority (made up of cities and/or counties only) to
establish a BID and levy annual assessments on businesses within its
boundaries. In 1994 the Property and Business Improvement District
Law allowed the financing of streets, rehabilitation or removal of
existing structures, and security facilities and equipment.
(Econ, 4/10/10, p.77)
1989 The Miss America beauty
pageant began to require that contestants have an issue on which to
speak if selected.
(SFEC, 9/15/96, p.A6)
1989 The PASS (Promoting
Achievement in School through Sport) organization was founded.
(SFEM, 5/11/97, p.10)
1989 William Edgar Bowers
(d.2000 at 75) won the $10,000 Bollingen Prize from Yale Univ. for
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A23)
1989 John Casey won the
National Book Award for the novel "Spartina."
(USAT, 11/19/97, p.22A)
1989 Michael Dorris (d.1997 at
52), a Modoc Indian descendent, won the National Book Critics Circle
Award for his work: "The Broken Cord." It described the problem of
fetal alcohol syndrome.
(SFC, 4/15/97, p.A2)
1989 Bharati Mukherjee won a
National Book Critics Circle award for her short-story collection
"The Middleman and Other Stories."
(SFEC, 6/1/97, BR p.1)
1989 The biography "Machiavelli
in Hell" by Sebastian de Grazia won the Pulitzer Prize.
(SFC, 7/14/96, p.C11)
1989 Alberto Calderon
(1920-1998), born in Argentina, won the Wolf Prize, the highest
award in mathematics. He contributed to developing singular
integrals and with his mentor, Antoni Zygmund, founded the Chicago
school of analysis.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A26)
1989 The Dalai Lama won the
Nobel Peace Prize.
(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A22)
1989 Sidney Altman,
Canadian-born US physicist, won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his
studies of ribonucleic acid.
1989 J. Michael Bishop and
Harold E. Varmus of the UC San Francisco won the Nobel Prize in
medicine for their 1976 discovery of a family of genes, oncogenes in
chickens, that helped scientists understand how cancer
develops. In 1998 Robert A. Weinberg published "One Renegade
Cell," a primer on the discovery of oncogenes.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)(SFC, 2/6/98, p.A1)(WSJ,
1989 Frank Gehry (60) was
awarded architecture’s Nobel, the Pritzker Prize.
(Econ, 10/31/15, p.81)
1989 The Financial Action Task
Force (FATF) was created. It is an inter-governmental body whose
purpose is the development and promotion of national and
international policies to combat money laundering and terrorist
financing. The FATF is therefore a "policy-making body" created in
1989 that works to generate the necessary political will to bring
about legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas.
(http://tinyurl.com/yo2ha2)(WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-12)
1989 Pres. Bush required a
presidential waiver for the sale of commercial satellites to China.
He later approve the export of 9 such satellites for launch on
(SFC, 5/25/98, p.A3)
1989 Shirley Temple was
appointed US ambassador to Czechoslovakia.
(SFC, 1/26/06, p.E3)
1989 US Congress approved a ban
on refitting of US registered ships abroad.
(WSJ, 11/25/97, p.A1)
1989 Senior US Defense Dept.
officials tried to cancel the experimental Osprey military aircraft
but Congress continued to fund the program.
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.A3)
1989 The US Office of the
Inspector General was created to investigate alleged wrongdoing by
Justice personnel in various agencies.
(SFC, 1/21/99, p.A3)
1989 The Resolution Trust
Corp., a US government owned asset management company, was created
to take over failing savings and loans institutions. Alan Greenspan
served on the board.
1989 The Teamsters settled a
suit brought by the government that charged ties to the Mafia. The
union agreed to rank-and-file elections for president and to an
independent review board.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, p.C9)
1989 Bart Chamberlain
(1914-2007, Alabama oil man, fled to Switzerland following court
ordered penalties of $25 million for oil sales that circumvented
(WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A5)
1989 In Florida Richard DeLisi
and his older brother Ted were sentenced to 90 years in prison for
conspiring to traffic more than 100 pounds of cannabis into the US
from Jamaica. Ted DeLisi appealed his conspiracy conviction and was
released from prison in 2013. Richard DeLisi hoped to be released in
(NBC News, 11/21/20)
1989 The late Manhattan real
estate developer Seymour Durst put the National Debt Clock up in New
York City to call attention to what was then a $2.7 trillion debt.
In 2008 the clock ran out of digits to record the growing figure as
it passed $10.2 trillion.
1989 NYC’s pioneering Street
News began publishing on behalf of homeless people. It closed in
(Econ, 2/2/13, p.50)
1989 Steve Wynn opened his
3,000-room “The Mirage" casino resort in Las Vegas.
(Econ, 10/8/16, p.57)
1989 Dallas opened The Sixth
Floor Museum dedicated to the 1963 assassination of JFK. It was
located on the 6th floor of the former School Book Depository near
the site of the murder.
(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.C8)
1989 Jerry Jones, the new owner
of the Dallas Cowboys, let go coach Tom Landry, who had led the team
(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A26)
1989 In Texas Steven Mark
Chaney was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison in
the 1987 stabbing death of John and Sally Sweek. Chaney’s teeth
reportedly caused the bite marks on the arm of drug dealer John
Sweek. In 2015 Chaney (59) was freed after a judge found that the
bite evidence against him was unsound.
1989 In Texas Claude Howard
Jones was convicted for the slaying of Allen Hilzendager. Jones was
executed in 2000.
(SFC, 12/8/00, p.D4)
1989 A Dallas police narcotics
officer was killed. Javier Suarez Medina (20) was convicted and
sentenced to death. In 2002 Mexico’s Pres. Fox called for a halt to
(SFC, 8/13/02, p.A5)
1989 A Seattle ballot
initiative limited new buildings in the downtown core to 540 feet
and to varying heights in other parts of the city. In 2006 the City
Council repealed the limits.
(WSJ, 4/5/06, p.B4)
1989 The first Weedstock
Festival, a pro-marijuana event, was held. Steve Wessing worked the
event as a stage manager.
(SFC, 5/27/97, p.A12)(EW, 6/8/13)
1989 An int'l. accord on coffee
prices was lifted. When entire inventories were sold the market was
flooded and prices dropped.
(SFC, 1/30/99, p.A12)
1989 Bank of America declared
its first dividend since 1985 and expanded retail operations into
Nevada and Washington. It became the first major California bank to
open all branches on Saturdays.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1989 Aubrey McClendon (b.1959)
and Tom L. Ward co-founded Chesapeake Energy in Oklahoma City. They
took the company public in 1993. In 2012 Chesapeake was the
second-largest producer of natural gas, a Top 15 oil producer and
the most active driller in the United States.
1989 Chrysler was the first car
maker to install air bags in all vehicles.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1989 The DC-10, a wide-bodied,
3-engine aircraft, was taken out of production. A total of 446 were
built since 1970, when American Airlines began using them.
(SFC, 4/27/00, p.A24)
1989 Ford acquired Jaguar.
(Econ, 9/25/04, p.77)
1989 The Hearst Corp. formed
Hearst Entertainment & Syndication to oversee activities in
cable TV, syndication and entertainment. Hearst also acquired
Phoenix Entertainment Group and renamed it Hearst Entertainment.
Hearst Magazines Int'l. was formed to pursue publishing
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)
1989 The Honda Accord was the
best-selling car in the US.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1989 Uniroyal Chemical Inc.
purchased by Avery Inc. was taken private in a management-led
buyout. It was renamed Uniroyal Chemical Corp.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)
1989 The Univ. of Phoenix began
(Econ, 12/22/12, p.101)
1989 America Online (AOL) made
its debut. In 1998 Kara Swisher wrote "aol.com: How Steve Case beat
Bill Gates, Nailed the Netheads, and Made Millions in the War for
the Web. [see Control Video in 1982]
(SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.1,8)
1989 Cray Computing Corp. was
founded by Seymour Cray. It went bankrupt in 1995.
(SFEC, 10/6/96, C12)
1989 Crazy Eddie Inc. went
broke. The retail electronics chain burned out in scandal of missing
inventory, stolen cash and bogus merchandise bookings. In 1990
assets were frozen and founder Eddie Antar disappeared under charges
of bilking investors out of $74 mil. He was nabbed in Israel in 1992
and sent to a US prison.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1,8)
1989 Creative Labs introduced
the SoundBlaster sound card that became a standard in personal
(WSJ, 3/4/97, p.B1)
1989 Del Monte fresh fruits was
sold to London-based Polly Peck for $804 million. The rest of Del
Monte was sold to a group of investors that included senior
management and Merrill Lynch for $1.47 billion.
(SFC, 3/1/97, p.B1)
1989 Federal Express bought the
Flying Tiger Airlines, the largest cargo line in the world. Jules
Watson (d.2001 at 84) was one of the founders of Flying Tiger.
(SFC, 8/18/01, p.E3)
1989 General Dynamics began
building the Seawolf nuclear submarines. Each one cost about $2.1
(WSJ, 12/13/99, p.A6)
1989 Phil Harvey founded DKT
Int’l. to provide contraceptives at knock-down prices to some of the
poorest parts of the world. His PHE group included Adam & Eve,
America’s biggest mail order and online retailer of sexual toys.
(Econ, 10/9/04, p.62)
1989 Intel shipped the first
486 microprocessor, an enhanced version of the 386. It held more
than 1 million transistors and included a built-in floating point
unit and 8K of internal RAM.
(TAR, 1996, p.28)
1989 The Patron brand of
tequila was started by Americans John Paul DeJoria and Martin
Crowley. In 2013 Ilana Edelstein, Crowley’s former partner, authored
“The Patron Way: From Fantasy to Fortune – Lessons on Taking Any
Business From Idea to Iconic Brand."
(Econ, 7/13/13, p.77)
1989 The Pillsbury Company was
purchased in a hostile takeover by Grand Met, a British
(Hem., 1/97, p.36)
1989 Quaker Oats modernized
Aunt Jemima, making her thinner, eliminating her bandanna, and
giving her a perm and a pair of pearl earrings.
1989 SmithKline Beckman merged
with Beecham Group PCL of Britain to create the world’s 2nd largest
(SFC, 1/21/98, p.B2)
1989 Sony Corp. paid $4.8
billion to take over Columbia Pictures. Jon Peters and Peter Guber
worked their way into positions of co-chiefs and promptly lost huge
sums over the next few years. Their legacy left Sony with losses of
$3.2 billion and a $520 million write-off for abandoned projects.
The fiasco is chronicled in the 1996 book "Hit and Run" by Nancy
Griffin and Kim Masters.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)
1989 Philip Anschutz with
backing from Morgan Stanley picked up the Southern Pacific Railroad
for just over $1 billion.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A17)
1989 CDMA (Code division
multiple access), a wireless technology, was introduced by Irwin
Jacobs. It was supposed to cram more calls onto wireless networks
than available analog systems.
(WSJ, 9/66/96, p.A1,6)
1989 Don Eigler of IBM used a
scanning-tunneling microscope to manipulate 35 xenon atoms to spell
(Econ, 12/8/07, TQ p.10)
1989 Garmin Ltd., an American
multinational technology company formerly known as ProNav, was
founded by Gary Burrell and Min Kao in Lenexa, Kansas, United
States, with headquarters in Olathe, Kansas, to extend the Global
Positioning System (GPS) beyond military use. In 2010 the company
was incorporated in Schaffhausen, Switzerland.
12/1/12, TQ p.9)
1989 John McAfee, an engineer
for Lockheed, posted his VirusScan software on an Internet bulletin
board as freeware. He earned $5 million in the first year and
founded McAfee Associates. The company merged with Network General
(SFC, 11/13/12, p.A8)
1989 Ralph Merkle, computer
scientist at Xerox PARC, evaluated intellectual processing power 3
different ways. An average of his methods indicated that the brain
runs about 1 quadrillion operations per second. With computing power
doubling every 18 months, he reasoned that hardware would catch up
with brainpower around 2020.
(Wired, 8/96, p.204)
1989 The Group O AIDS virus was
identified in West Africa. It had marked genetic differences from
the more common Group M strains that were responsible for a
(SFC, 7/5/96, p.A5)
1989 Scientists used
"positional cloning" to identify the gene that causes cystic
(WSJ, 6/11/01, p.A1)
1989 The Hepatitis C virus was
first isolated. It causes an infection of the liver that is usually
lifelong and incurable. Scientists in 1999 found evidence of the
virus in frozen blood samples from 1948.
(SFC, 3/25/97, p.A4)(SFC, 5/21/99, p.A3)
1989 Merck Corp. announced the
discovery of the 3-dimensional structure of the enzyme protease. It
was seen as a promising target for attacking the virus that causes
(WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A1)
1989 Josh Boger, a scientist
with Merck, left the drug company to found Vertex. In 1994 Barry
Werth authored “The Billion-Dollar Molecule," the story of the early
days of Vertex.
(Econ, 2/15/14, p.78)
1989 The P53 gene was found to
act as a tumor suppressor gene.
(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A5)
1989 Dr. Ray White led a team
that found the NF-1 gene. A mutation of the gene was found to be
responsible for neurofibromatosis.
(WSJ, 2/27/97, p.B1)
1989 There was an outbreak of
the deadly Ebola virus among 450 primates in Reston, Va.
(FB, 9/12/96, Neighbors p.1)
1989 Tim Berners-Lee wrote a
proposal at CERN, Switzerland, that a global hypertext space be
created in which any network-accessible information could be
referred to by a single "Universal Document Identifier". In 1990 he
wrote a program called WorldWideWeb.
1989 Jeff Hawkins developed
software for the GridPad, the first computer was a pen-based
(Econ, 3/8/08, TQ p.31)
1989 Dean Kamen, inventor,
started a robotics competition for high-schoolers, for Inspiration
and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST).
(NW, 4/24/03, p.44)(Econ, 6/12/10, TQ p.25)
1989 Brewster Kahle founded
WAIS, a company named after the Wide Area Information Server
protocol, to make software for online publishing. The protocol was
an early form of internet search engine, which had been developed by
Thinking Machines with Apple, Dow Jones and KPMG. In 1995 AOL bought
(Econ, 3/7/09, TQ p.34)
1989 The nickel-metal-hydride
battery appeared on the market.
(Econ, 3/8/08, TQ p.23)
1989 Gerardo Beni and
Jing Wang introduced the expression “swarm intelligence" (SI) in the
context of cellular robotic systems. Marco Dorigo (b.1961) helped
found the field. It describes the collective behavior of
decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial. The
concept is employed in work on artificial intelligence.
1989 Jeremy Burroughs,
Cambridge scientist, discovered that certain plastic polymers emit
light while conducting electricity. The light emitting polymers
(LEP) opened up a new field for the visual display of data.
(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.B6)
1989 Jack Jewell at Bell Labs
figured out how to make vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
practical. They were first described by Prof. Kenichi Iga at the
Tokyo Institute of Tech. in the late 1970s. They became fabricated
like computer chips were capable of transmitting data at 6 Gbps.
(Wired, 2/98, p.77)
1989 Scientists confirmed the
existence of sprites and blue jets, the odd light effects of pulses
of electromagnetic energy emitted above thunderstorms.
(SFC, 12/16/96, p.B1)
1989 Caltech's Kip Thorne and
colleagues theorized that general relativity permits wormholes,
tunnels that cut across regions of space-time, and showed that with
enough negative energy, they can be propped open.
(WSJ, 11/21/03, p.B1)
1989 The Univ. of Phoenix
enrolled 8 students in the world’s first online campus.
(LT, 9/30/96, p.76)(www.uopphx.edu/online)
1989 The U of M Institute for
Social Research (ISR), began its World Values Survey to be conducted
every 5 years.
(MT, Fall. ‘97, p.4)
1989 The world fish catch
peaked at 86.4 million metric tons.
(SFC, 7/7/96, A10)
1989 The Russian wheat aphid
arrived from Mexico and began to damage US wheat fields.
(SFC, 8/17/00, p.A2)
1989 The UN Convention on
Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) imposed a total ban on
the trade of ivory and elephant hide. In 2007 the ban was extended
for another 9 years.
(WSJ, 1/7/97, p.A1)(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A20)(SFC,
4/18/00, p.A9)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.85)
1989 The Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was set up by the World
Meteorological organization and the UN Environment Program at the
request of the G7.
(Econ, 6/2/07, SR p.3)(http://tinyurl.com/3xx4te)
1989 Buffalo clover, last seen
in 1907, emerged in some topsoil delivered to a botanist’s backyard.
In 1788 historian S.P. Hildreth penned an image of the fertile
frontier that described the plant: "Buffalo clover... nearly
knee-high... afforded a rich pasture."
(NG, Jan. 94, p.144)
1989 Gene Savoy, explorer,
discovered pottery and monolithic tablets in the cloud forest of
northern Peru that he said showed native contact with ancient
cultures in other parts of the world. The area was the homeland of
the Chachapoya Indian kingdom.
(SFC, 12/13/97, p.A13)
1989 Hurricane Hugo caused $8
billion in damage and killed 35 people. Most of the damage was in
South Carolina where winds reached 135-mph. Damage was $4.2 billion.
(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A12)(SFEC, 9/15/96, p.A10)
1989 In Noblesville, Ind., the
parents of Brian and David Setters were shot to death. The brothers
took over the family insurance business. In 1998 the 2 brothers were
charged with the murder.
(SFC, 10/1/98, p.A3)
1989 An AK-47 assault rifle was
used in an assault on school children in Stockton, Ca.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A9)
1989 In Kansas City, Mo., a
firebomb was thrown into a house and 6 people died.
(SFC, 12/6/97, p.A7)
1989 A federal judge and a
civil rights lawyer in Alabama were killed by a mail bomb. Walter
Leroy Moody was convicted in 1991 on federal charges and sentenced
to life. In 1996 Moody was convicted on state charges with
recommended execution and sentenced to be executed in 1997.
(WSJ, 11/6/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/11/97, p.A1)
1989 Lester "Benny" Binion,
founder of the Las Vegas Horseshoe Casino, died.
(WSJ, 8/24/98, p.A1)
1989 Jay DeFeo, SF artist,
died. Her work "The Rose" weighed a ton and in 1965 was moved out of
a house and later to the SF Art Institute where it languished for 26
(SFEC, 10/13/96, DB p.8)
1989 Gilda Radner (42),
comedian and wife of Gene Wilder, died.
(SFC, 11/8/96, p.C10)
1989 Artist Louis Bassi
Siegriest (b.1889), died. He was a member of the Oakland-based
Society of Six, known for their plein air paintings. The other
members included Maurice George Logan (1886-1971), William Henry
Clapp (1879-1954), August Francois Gay (1891-1949), Selden Conner
Gile (1877-1947) and Bernard James von Eichman (1899-1970).
1989 In Afghanistan the
Mujahedeen drove the Russians out of the country.
(SFC, 9/23/96, A9)
1989 In Afghanistan Osama bin
Laden formed al Qaeda.
(SSFC, 5/9/04, p.M6)
1989 The Arab Maghreb Union was
created to encourage free trade between Algeria, Libya, Mauritania,
Morocco and Tunisia. It failed to hold summit meetings after 1994.
(Econ, 5/29/10, p.50)
1989 Argentina broke with the
past and positioned itself as a US ally. Castro’s Cuba was denounced
and frigates were sent to support Desert Storm.
(SFC, 10/12/97, p.A15)
1989 The central bank of
Argentina suffered losses in Q2 worth 23.5% of GDP.
(Econ, 4/30/05, p.74)
1989 In Australia ATSIC was
established by Bob Hawke's Labor government through the Aboriginal
and Torres Strait Islander Commission Act 1989 (the ATSIC Act). It
took effect on 5 March 1990. It provided a means of
self-determination for indigenous people.
1989 In Belgium Marc Dutroux
(b.1956) was sent to prison for 13 years for abducting and raping 5
girls. He was released after serving 3 years and quickly reverted to
his former self. He was again arrested in 1996 for kidnappings in
(SFC, 8/20/96, p.A10)
1989 Arce Gomez was captured in
eastern Bolivia and extradited to the United States, where he was
convicted of drug trafficking and sentenced to 30 years. Gomez,
known as "the minister of cocaine," took part in the July 1980 coup
led by then-Gen. Luis Garcia Meza and backed by drug traffickers. In
2009 Gomez was returned to Bolivia to serve a 30-year prison
sentence for crimes including genocide and political assassinations.
1989 Brazil’s United Health
system (SUS) was created from the merger of two state systems.
(Econ, 7/30/11, p.33)
1989 In Brazil Jorge Paulo
Lemann and two partners bought the Brahma beer company for $50
million. A decade later they acquired Antarctica, a rival, to become
AmBev. In 2004 a merger with Belgium-based Interbrew created InBev.
In 2008 InBev paid $52 billion for Anheuser-Busch of America.
(Econ, 9/19/15, p.60)
1989 Martin Amis authored his
novel “London Fields," a black comedy about lust and low-lifes that
fizzed with a rare energy.
(Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
1989 In Britain Channel Four
began its "Out on Tuesday" series, the first regular gay and lesbian
(SFC, 5/21/97, p.D3)
1989 British PM Margaret
Thatcher's government introduces the hugely unpopular poll tax in
Scotland a year before England. The tax was abolished across Britain
1989 Britain’s economics began
a current account reversal. British property values dropped after a
decade-long rise. Prices did not recover for almost a decade.
(Econ, 8/19/06, p.64)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.66)
1989 Michal Porulski (74), a
Polish Catholic artist and Holocaust survivor, died in St. Mary's
Hospital near Hereford, England, of pneumonia and tuberculosis. He
spent time in Dachau and left behind ink and watercolor drawings of
his experiences there.
1989 Bulgaria's State
Security was dissolved. It had worked closely with the Soviet KGB,
operated a network of some 100,000 agents and informers and was
dissolved following the collapse of the communist regime.
1989 Bulgaria’s new government
apologized for "crimes of the past" and rescinded the 1972 Communist
law for Muslim men to change their names.
(SFC, 3/27/00, p.A12)
1989 To avoid assimilation
300,000 Turks left Bulgaria. The communist government of Bulgaria
deported 340,000 ethnic Turks.
(SFC, 9/9/96, p.A11)(Econ, 2/11/17, p.70)
1989 In Burma the military
authorities placed Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest where she was
confined for the next 6 years.
(SFEC, 8/23/98, BR p.4)
1989 In Cameroon
representatives of King Seidou Njimoluh Njoya, the 18th monarch of
the kingdom of Foumban, announced that Joseph Ngoupou (39) would
succeed his father as chief of the village of Koupa Ngagnou. Mr.
Ngoupou lived in Maryland and worked there as an engineer.
(WSJ, 9/23/06, p.A1)
1989 In Canada a human rights
tribunal ruled that equal rights must be provided for women. This
opened Canadian military jobs for women except for submarine duty.
(SFC, 3/26/98, p.B2)
1989 Canada ceased issuing C$1
notes. Canada had replaced the C$1 note with a coin in 1987 and the
C$2 note with a coin in 1996.
1989 Sebastian Pinera (b.1949),
Chilean businessman and politician, was elected senator in Chile.
His fortune in 1996 was estimated at $300 mil.
(WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-10)
1989 In China the low-level
Gezhouba Dam on the Yangtze River was completed.
(NH, 7/96, p.38)
1989 The US and the EU imposed
an arms embargo on China to protest the post-Tiananmen clampdown.
(Econ, 5/7/05, p.27)
1989 Chinese scientists and
scholars in New York founded the non-profit group “Human Rights in
(WSJ, 2/13/06, p.A9)
1989 In Colombia a Time
Magazine investigative team that included Tom Quinn (1943-1996)
found evidence indicating that Gen’l. Guillermo Medina Sanchez,
national police chief, had taken money from drug traffickers.
(SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)
1989 In Colombia the M-19 rebel
group agreed to disarm.
(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)
1989 In Colombia drug kingpin
Jose Rodriguez Gacha was killed.
(SFC, 4/7/97, p.A10)
1989 In Croatia Franjo Tudjman
began airing his views on Zagreb Radio 101.
(WSJ, 7/25/96, p.A1)
1989 Fidel Castro Inaugurated
the National Botanical Gardens, located just south of Havana. The
1,500-acre park fell on hard times after Cuba's 1990s economic
crisis precipitated by the collapse of the Soviet Union.
1989 Jiri Dienstbier
(1937-2011) became Czechoslovakia’s deputy prime minister and first
post-revolution foreign minister. He continued serving to 1992.
1989 Egypt’s Pres. Mubarak
sacked Defense Minister Abdel-Halim Abu Ghazala, widely popular
among troops and civilians and even talked about as a possible
successor to Mubarak.
1989 Pres. Mubarak's lobbying
culminated in a majority of Arab League foreign ministers endorsing
Egypt's readmission to the league after 10 year absence caused by
Arab rejection of Sadat's peace treaty signing with Israel.
1989 Egypt signed a treaty with
the British that ostensibly allowed it to block any big projects
upstream of the Aswan Dam.
(Econ., 3/14/15, p.50)
1989 The right-wing ARENA party
of El Salvador began to be supported by the US government.
(SFC, 5/8/96, p.A-19)
1989 El Salvador military
officers Colonel Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova, director of the
National Guard and Gen’l. Jose Guillermo Garcia, the minister of
defense, retired to Florida. In 2002 a Florida jury found Casanova
and Garcia responsible for torture and atrocities committed in 1983
and ordered payment of $54.6 million to 3 victims living in Florida.
[see El Salvador Dec 4, 1980]
(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A12)
1989 Lori Helene Berenson, an
American, began work in El Salvador as the personal secretary to
Leonel Gonzalez, top commander of the FMLN guerrillas. She stayed
for about for about 4 1/2 years and moved to Peru.
1989 Finland’s YLE radio
launched a five-minute weekly news program in Latin to a small group
of committed listeners around the globe. It inspired Latin students,
academics and language lovers around the globe, from China and
Vietnam all the way to Belgium and the United States. In 2017 YLE
leadership agreed to extend it until at least its 30th anniversary
1989 The Finnish ministry of
Public health suggested a sex vacation to thwart stress.
1989 In France construction of
the new Tres Grand Bibliotheque (aka TGB, the national library) was
begun in Paris. It was designed by Dominique Perrault and the first
quarter was scheduled to open in 1997.
(WSJ, 8/28/97, p.A12)
1989 In France the I.M. Pei
glass pyramid next to the Louvre Museum was built.
(SFC, 6/16/96, T-5)
1989 Gerard Fusil, a French
journalist, conceived "adventure racing" as a sport.
(WSJ, 5/19/00, p.A1)
1989 In France Christine
Deviers-Joncour was hired by state-owned Elf oil company to use her
wiles on foreign minister Roland Dumas to go along with a sale of 6
French-made warships to Taiwan. In 1998 she published "The Whore of
the Republic," and told her story.
(SFC, 11/28/98, p.A14)
1989 The National Geographical
Institute of France calculated that Europe’s geographical center was
in Lithuania, close to Vilnius.
(WSJ, 7/14/04, p.A7)
1989 Pernod Ricard SA acquired
the Australian wine brand Jacob’s Creek.
(WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)
1989 A cable car accident
killed 8 people in the Isere region of the French Alps.
(SFC, 7/2/99, p.A10)
1989 Bernard Villemot (b.1911),
French poster artist, died. In 1945-1946 he carried out many posters
for the Red Cross.
1989 In Greece corruption
charges alleged Socialist party involvement in a $210 million bank
embezzlement scandal that later led to the imprisonment of former
banker George Koskotas, who spent 12 years in jail.
1989 In Haiti Guy Francois
(d.2006), commander of the feared Dessalines Battalion in
Port-au-Prince, was accused of conspiring with other officers in a
failed attempt to topple dictator Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril. The plot
was foiled and Francois fled to Venezuela. He later returned.
1989 Iceland stopped whaling.
(SFC, 5/10/97, p.A8)
1989 Jon Asgeir Johannesson
(20) and his unemployed father opened a discount grocery store,
Bonus, in Reykjavik, Iceland. Until this time dominant grocery
chains had kept food prices high throughout the nation.
(WSJ, 7/11/06, p.A1)
1989 India again had a
non-Congress government but it fell before the end of its 5-year
(WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-10)
1989 In India the Bofors
scandal, centered on kickbacks for a 1986 contract between the
Indian government and Swedish arms company AB Bofors, brought down
(Econ, 3/12/11, p.18)
1989 PepsiCo. Inc. began
operations in India.
(WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A6)
1989 In Iran Grand Ayatollah
Hossein Ali Montazeri protested the execution of thousands of
political prisoners. This frustrated Ayatollah Khomeini and caused
him to dump Montazeri as heir apparent.
(WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A20)
1989 In Israel Dov Moran
founded M-Systems, the original maker of USB flash drives (1999). He
sold the business to SanDisk in 2006 for $1.6 billion.
1989 Japan’s Praemium
Imperiale began annual awards in five different disciplines --
music, painting, sculpture, architecture and theatre/film. The
awards were created in 1988 in honor of the late Japanese Prince
Takamatsu, who served as honorary patron of the private association
for 58 years until his death in 1987.
1989 Japan’s PM Sousuke Uno
resigned over a scandal involving his geisha mistress. Criticism
focused on allegations that he treated her in a miserly fashion.
(SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)(SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)
1989 In Japan mutilated skulls
and bones were found near the former Tokyo headquarters of Unit 731,
a covert body charged with developing techniques of chemical and
biological warfare during WWII.
(Econ, 2/26/11, p.48)
1989 Nintendo Co. of Japan
launched its Game Boy product, a portable, hand-held game system
with interchangeable game packs. The game was designed by Gunpei
Yokoi (d.1997 at 56).
(Hem, 4/96, p.29)(SFC, 10/11/97, p.A19)
1989 The Showa Shinzan
snowball-fight championship was begun as a tourist attraction in
(WSJ, 2/26/04, p.A1)
1989 Japan’s Toyoto Corp.
launched the Lexus, a premium brand car, in the US.
(Econ, 6/7/14, p.69)
1989 Ahmad Chalabi (b.1944),
founding head of Petra Bank (1977), fled Jordan following a bank
scandal that involved an Iraqi account in exile. 13 people were
convicted including 9 Chalabis. Ahmed, who claimed the charges were
politically motivated, was sentenced in absentia to 22 years hard
labor for embezzling $300 million of state funds.
(Econ, 10/4/03, p.44)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A4)
1989 Javed Hussain Shah
completed 6 months of training in Afghanistan and led a Kashmiri
insurgent group later dubbed the Jihad Force. He fought along with
al-Qaida members and later became a Kashmiri legislator.
(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A13)
1989 Nursultan Nazarbaev
succeeded Gennady Kolbin as head of Kazakhstan.
(Econ, 12/23/06, p.59)
1989 Soviet nuclear test
explosions ended in Kazakhstan. Between 1949 and the cessation of
atomic testing in 1989, 456 explosions were conducted at the STS,
including 340 underground shots and 116 atmospheric.
1989 Kazakhstan’s population
numbered about 16.5 million people. By the late 1990s it fell to
14.9 million as the economy declined.
(Econ, 3/24/07, p.47)
1989 Kenya burned a vast pile
of elephant tusks in Nairobi National Park in an effort to curb the
killing of elephants.
(Econ, 2/8/14, p.60)
1989 Chingiz Aitmatov (b.1928),
Kyrgyzstan writer and member of the Soviet Parliament, returned home
to help mediate a conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. His
novels included “The Day Lasts More Than a 100 Years" (1980).
(WSJ, 2/24/05, p.D8)
1989 Laos opened to foreign
tourists for the first time since 1975.
(SFEC, 3/29/98, p.T4)
1989 Rafik Hariri financed a
gathering of Lebanese politicians at the Saudi city of Taif to
hammer out a deal to disband militias and distribute power more
equitably. The Taif Agreement maintained sectarian divisions in
government and led to the end of the civil war. It stipulated that
Syria withdraw its troops to the border and leave within 2 years.
(SFC, 9/28/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A13)(Econ,
1989 In Lebanon PM Michel Aoun
waged a “war of liberation" against Syrian forces. Pro-Syrian
legislator Elias Hrawi was elected president.
(SFC, 4/27/05, p.A8)
1989 In Liechtenstein, the 6th
smallest country in the world, Prince Hans-Adam II assumed the
throne upon the death of his father.
(WSJ, 7/22/97, p.A1)
1989 In Lithuania Dr. Saulius
Caplinskas started an AIDS Center in Vilnius. In 1997 there were 60
reported cases of HIV, but the actual number was estimated to be
(SFC, 4/16/97, p.A10)
1989 UNESCO declared Mali's
Cliff of Bandiagara, famous for its homes carved into the rock as
well as the traditional way of life, a world heritage site.
1989 In Mexico Gerardo de
Prevoisin led an investor group in the buyout of Aeromexico. In 1994
he was forced out as chairman and in 1996 was accused of embezzling
(WSJ, 7/1/96, p.A6)
1989 In Mexico Ernesto Zedillo
as a Cabinet secretary granted a $7 mil payment to Maseca, a
corn-flour maker, run by Roberto Gonzalez Barrera, a close friend of
Pres. Carlos Salinas. It was supposed to be compensation money for
government failure to pay subsidies in the late 1980s, although 16
mil was paid in 1988.
(SFC, 7/6/96, p.A10)
1989 In Mexico Raul Salinas
under the name of Juan Guillermo Gomez Gutierrez approached the
Swiss Pictet Bank to open an account. Later info came out that Raul
Salinas lent $29.8 mil for 6 years at 12% to Mr. Salinas Pliego for
use in TV Azteca. News also surfaced that Jose Madariaga Lomelin,
chairman of BBV Probursa SA, a banking group, and Abraham
Zabludovsky, an executive with Grupo Televisa SA, invested in a bus
manufacturing company with Raul Salinas.
(WSJ, 6/7/96, p.A11)(SFC, 7/8/96, p.A6)
1989 In Mozambique Frelimo
dropped its socialist ideas in favor of a free-market economy.
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.A12)
1989 In Namibia the South West
Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) ended its rebellion against
South African rule with the UN supervised elections that elected Sam
Nujoma as President.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.20A)
1989 Ter Beek (d.2008 at 64)
became defense minister in a centrist coalition led by PM Ruud
Lubbers and served until 1994. He worked to streamline the Dutch
military in the aftermath of the Cold War, including scrapping the
1989 New Zealand became the 1st
country to introduce inflation targets.
(Econ, 2/26/05, p.76)
1989 In New Zealand Graeme Hart
purchased the Government Printing Office on its privatization for
NZ$23 million (then 14m). By 2010 his net worth reached $5.3
(Econ, 5/29/10, p.65)
1989 Questar of New Zealand
agreed to pay $200,000 a year for eight years to the California
Academy of Sciences as part of a deal to develop a new aquarium at
San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf.
(SSFC, 7/20/14, DB p.42)
1989 The central bank of
Nicaragua suffered losses worth 13.8% of GDP.
(Econ, 4/30/05, p.74)
1989 Pakistan ordered 60 F-16
fighter jets from the US and paid for 28 of them. The US Congress
stopped the sale in 1990.
(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A18)
1989 Lashker-e-Tayyaba was
created in Pakistan to fight against India in Kashmir. Pres.
Musharraf banned Lashker-e-Tayyaba in January, 2002, under pressure
from the US.
(SSFC, 7/30/06, p.A10)
1989 In Pakistan the Suzuki
Mehran, a small boxy car, made its debut.
(Econ, 5/9/15, p.34)
1989 In Paraguay Horacio Cartes
spent time in jail on suspicion of currency fraud. In 2013 Cartes
was elected president.
(Econ, 4/27/13, p.35)
1989 In Peru squatters occupied
a Lima site known as Puruchuco-Huaquerones. As they built homes they
kept bumping into Inca mummy bundles.
(Arch, 7/02, p.16)
1989 Eduardo Nycander and Kurt
Holle co-founded Rainforests Expeditions in Peru to use tourism to
(Econ, 4/12/08, p.42)
1989 In Romania some 1,200
deaths occurred during the revolution after the army officially
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1989 The Supreme Soviet issued
a resolution that criticized the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact as "a
personal decision by (Soviet leader Josef) Stalin that contradicted
the interests of the Soviet people."
1989 Vladimir Pasechnik
defected to the US from the Biopreparat biological weapons program.
He revealed that the Soviet program was ten times larger than US
(WSJ, 3/10/98, p.A22)
1989 Alexander Smolensky
established Bank Stolichny, one of the Soviet Union’s 1st private
(WSJ, 10/4/00, p.A10)
1989 In Russia a group of
sociologists led by Yuri Levada began to study what they called the
Soviet Man, an artificial construct of doublethink, paternalism,
suspicion and isolationism.
(Econ, 12/10/11, p.27)
1989 The Kremlin appointed
Islam Karimov as the communist boss of Uzbekistan.
(Econ, 9/3/16, p.33)
1989 In Saudi Arabia the $140
million King Fahd Cultural Center was completed on the outskirts of
Riyadh. It has never been opened to the public and was maintained by
a fulltime staff of 180 people.
(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)
1989 The Milosevic regime in
Yugoslavia made constitutional changes to consolidate power over the
provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. Kosovo, whose 1.9 million people
are 90% Albanian, lost its autonomy and was placed under Serbian
rule. The constitution passed without the approval of the parliament
of Kosova. The Serbs fired most Albanians and closed many
enterprises. Muslim unrest followed and Kosovo was occupied. 90% of
the population of Kosovo was made up of some 2.2 million ethnic
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-10)(WSJ,
8/5/96, p.A13)(SFC, 12/10/97, p.C2)(www, Albania, 1998)
1989 Bujar Bukoshi was elected
the prime minister of the Kosovo Regional Government.
(WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A14)
1989 Wealthy émigrés lent the
Milosevic regime some $87 million as a "Loan for the Regeneration of
Serbia." Lenders never got back their investment.
(WSJ, 8/9/99, p.A14)
1989 In Serbia Radio B-92 was
founded by a Youth Council that vanished in the dissolution of
Yugoslavia. It got a legal license for 15 days but has not had legal
status since. It continued to operate and was the only independent
station broadcasting in 1996.
(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A12)
1989 The Zastava car plant in
Kragujevac, Serbia, produced 180,950 cars. In 1999 NATO bombed parts
of the plant which also made arms.
(Econ, 10/1/05, p.47)
1989 In South Africa Eugene de
Kock’s covert Vlakplaas unit began to be exposed in newspapers and
(SFC, 9/19/96, p.A8)
1989 In South Africa Rev. Frank
Chikane almost died after his underwear was laced with poison. In
2007 Adriaan Vlok, former security minister, and Johann van der
Merwe, former police chief, faced charges of attempted murder.
(Econ, 8/4/07, p.41)
1989 In South Africa Winnie
Mandela sent a young man to the mission of Paul Verryn, a Methodist
minister, to try to trap him into a sexual liaison. She then
kidnapped 4 youths from the mission and beat them until they agreed
to accuse the minister of having sex with them.
(SFC, 11/27/97, p.B2)
1989 The African Management
Services Company (AMSCO) was formed in South Africa by the Int’l.
Finance Corp., the private sector arm of the World Bank, to help
small African firms become competitive. In 2004 Ayisi Makatiani took
over the leadership of AMSCO.
(Econ, 8/5/06, p.58)
1989 Executive Outcomes, a
private military company (PMC), was founded in South Africa by Eeben
Barlow, a former lieutenant-colonel of the South African Defence
Force. It later became part of the South African-based holding
company Strategic Resource Corporation.
1989 South Africa banned the
use of the sjambok, a three-foot-long whip traditionally made of
(Economist, 4/4/20, p.37)
1989 A report from Seoul
National University estimated that 48,000 buildings housing 720,000
people were destroyed during the five years preceding the 1988
Olympic Games in Seoul.
1989 In South Korea the
National Council of Regional and Industrial Trade Unions formed. The
nationwide May Day rally was the first one since 1945.
1989 In South Korea some
400,000 workers downed their tools in strikes that lasted months.
1989 Humax, a maker of digital
set top boxes, was founded in South Korea. By 2011 annual revenues
exceeded $865 million.
(Econ, 5/14/11, p.82)
1989 In South Korea Park
In-keun (d.2016), the owner of a state-funded facility for the
homeless and disabled, was acquitted of charges linked to illegal
confinement of inmates. Hundreds of deaths, rapes and beatings at
the Brothers Home, dating back to the 1970s and 1980s, were
documented in a 2016 report. In 2020 South Korea's Supreme Court
said it will reopen the case.
(SFC, 4/18/20, p.A2)
1989 The Spanish government
paid $350 million for half of the (German-Hungarian)
Thyssen-Bornemusza art collection and provided a substantial gallery
to house the collection. In 2007 David R.L. Litchfield authored “The
Thyssen Art Macabre."
(Econ, 3/3/07, p.88)
1989 In Spain the 300-sq. km.
Donana wetland, the richest in Europe, was declared a national park.
The belt around Donana was managed by the regional government of
Andalusia. The Madrid government managed the park.
(WSJ, 4/28/98, p.A13)
1989 A devastating draught
prompted the international community to launch a massive relief
effort called Operation Lifeline Sudan.
(SFC, 4/15/96, A-8)
1989 In Zurich, Switzerland,
authorities experimented with an open access to drugs program, which
caused an escalation in drug dealing and violence.
(SFEC, 11/29/98, p.A21)
1989 Mintimer Shaimiyev became
First Secretary of Tatar Regional CPSU Committee in Kazan,
1989 The government of Thailand
granted investment incentives to the Sahaviriya group to build the
first mills for making steel.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A10)
1989 In Thailand John Gray
formed Sea Canoe, an ecotourism venture, to show tourists the
southwestern coast limestone caves known as hongs.
(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A14)
1989 Saudi diplomat Abdullah
al-Maliki was gunned down in Bangkok. Adbullah A al-Besri, Fahad AZ
Albahli and Ahmed A Alsaif were assassinated in January 1990. All
were linked to the so-called Blue Diamond theft committed by Thai
laborer Kriangkrai Techamong, who was working at Prince Faisal's
palace in Saudi Arabia in 1989. The legendary diamond was among
several valuable stones and jewelry pieces stolen from the palace of
a Saudi Prince when he was employed as a gardener in the Arab
1989 In Thailand Typhoon Gay
left more than 400 dead.
1989 Trinidad and Tobago
appealed for an Int’l. World Court to help it and other small
countries fight int’l. drug trafficking.
(SFEC, 12/1/96, p.A16)
1989 Tunisia held elections
which were heavily falsified. An Islamist-backed coalition still
managed to win 17 percent of the vote. Islamist leader Rached
Ghannouchi fled to Algeria. Hundreds of Islamist activists who
stayed behind were thrown into prison, often on flimsy charges. In
1991 Ghannouchi moved to Britain.
1989 Uruguay voters approved a
referendum on amnesty to military officials accused of murders,
disappearances and other human rights violations during the
country's 1973-85 dictatorship.
(Econ, 3/23/13, p.39)
1989 In Zimbabwe the Communal
Areas Management Program for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) was
established as a compromise settlement between park rangers and
(SFC, 8/10/98, p.A12,14)
1989 In Zimbabwe elephant
floppy trunk disease was first reported around Lake Kariba. Initial
paralysis at the tip of the trunk gradually moved up and resulted in
total paralysis. Scores of cases were reported in 2000 in South
Africa and Zimbabwe.
(SFC, 2/26/00, p.A8)
1989 The Save Outdoor Sculpture
(SOS), organization was founded as a non-profit and largely
volunteer organization. It is housed in Washington at the National
Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Property (NIC). The SOS
has 15,000 works entered into its Inventory of American Sculpture.
(Smith., 4/1995, p.140)(http://tinyurl.com/hrt5r)
1989-1990 Extreme violence shook Colombia when
guerillas and drug traffickers mounted a brutal anti-government
campaign known as narcoterrorism. Three pres. candidates were killed
including the popular Luis Carlos Galan.
(WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A-11)
1989-1990 During a border war with Senegal, tens
of thousands of black Mauritanians, from high ranking civil servants
to herdsmen, were accused of being Senegalese, rounded up and
(Econ, 5/5/07, p.62)(AP, 7/29/11)
1989-1990 In Mexico Javier Coello Trejo served as
deputy attorney general and was the first drug czar under Pres.
Carlos Salinas de Gortari.
(SFC, 2/19/96, p.A11)
1989-1990 In Norway Jan P. Syse (d.1997 at 66)
served as prime minister of a conservative-led coalition government.
He led the conservative party from 1988-1991.
(SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)
1989-1990 In Slovenia Janez Drnovsek served as the
(SFC, 11/11/96, p.A11)
1989-1990 In Sri Lanka the government staged an
offensive against the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP, People’s
Liberation Front), a Marxist rebel group. In 1997 the government
admitted that nearly 17,000 people died or vanished during the
offensive. Human rights groups estimated that some 60,000 people
were killed or disappeared.
(WSJ, 9/4/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A3)
1989-1990 In Sri Lanka a group of 25 high school
students disappeared. It was later learned that school principle
Dayananda Lokugalappathi had convinced the military that the
students were linked to the JVP. In 1999 a court sentenced 6
soldiers and the principle to 10 years in prison.
(SFC, 2/11/99, p.C3)
1989-1991 About 2 million small arms were imported
legally into the US, including semiautomatic weapons that could be
bought in US gun stores for $250-400.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A9)
1989-1991 Somaliland fought a civil war with the
regime of Somali Pres. Mohamed Siad Barre.
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C2)
1989-1992 Warren Zimmerman was the US ambassador
to Yugoslavia. He later wrote "Origins of a Catastrophe" that
documents this period.
(SFEC, 10/20/96, p.C13)
1989-1992 Susan McDougal worked as a bookkeeper
and personal assistant for conductor Zubin Mehta and his wife.
McDougal was later charged with embezzlement of $150,000 and tax
fraud. Her trial began in 1998. She was acquitted.
(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A3)(SFC, 11/24/98, p.A1)
1989-1992 South Ossetia defended itself from
Georgia with aid from Russia and about 1,000 people died in the
fighting. Some 25-40,000 people fled the area.
(SFC, 9/1/98, p.A10)
1989-1993 It is estimated that Chinese military
companies exported more than 3 million guns to the US.
(SFC, 5/26/96, p.A-13)
1989-1993 In Libya an outbreak of Old World
Screwworm was eradicated by a coordinated int’l. effort.
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A7)
1989-1995 The US Congress established a program to
ease the nursing shortage and allowed foreign nurses to work at
hospitals under one-year visas where US workers were not available.
(SFC, 1/15/98, p.A10)
1989-1997 More than 275,000 Hong Kong residents
emigrated to Canada during this period. A Canadian residency permit
could be secured by an investment of $112,000.
(Econ., 8/1/20, p.33)
1989-2002 Some 6,000 people disappeared in
Indian-Kashmir over this period. Violence over this time claimed
some 60,000 lives.
(SFC, 9/27/02, p.A16)