Timeline 1970

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1970        Jan 1, Jimi Hendrix and his Band of Gypsies, Billy Cox and Buddy Miles, performed 4 shows on New Years Eve and Day at the Fillmore East in NYC. The recording "Band of Gypsies" was released in April. In 1999 a 2-disk CD, "Live at the Fillmore East" was released.
    (WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W13C)
1970        Jan 1, Pres. Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act into law.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Environmental_Policy_Act)(WSJ, 2/25/97, p.A22)
1970        Jan 1, The Family Law Act took effect in California. It included no-fault divorce.
    (SFC, 7/20/07, p.B12)(www.jstor.org/pss/351519)
1970        Jan 1, In SF Officer Eric Zelms was fatally shot when 2 burglars surprised him and gained control of his gun. The burglars were later convicted of murder and sentenced 8 to 10 years.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)

1970        Jan 3, "Mame" closed at Winter Garden Theater in NYC after 1508 performances.

1970        Jan 5, The TV soap opera “All My Children" premiered. Its final episode was scheduled in the Fall of 2011.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.F2)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0065272/)
1970        Jan 5, Joseph A. Yablonski, an unsuccessful candidate for the presidency of the United Mine Workers, was found murdered with his wife and daughter at their Clarksville, Pa., home. Nine people were later charged in the killing including UMW Pres. W.A. Boyle.
    (AP, 1/5/98)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)
1970        Jan 5, In China a 7.7 earthquake in Yunnan province killed over 15,000 people and was covered up by authorities amid the chaos of the cultural revolution.
    (SFC, 1/8/00, p.A8)

1970        Jan 7, Woodstock, NY, farmers sued Max Yasgur (1919-1973) for $35,000 for damages caused by the "Woodstock" rock festival.

1970        Jan 10, Charles Olson (b.1910), American poet, died in NYC. Volume Three of his Maximus Poems appeared posthumously in 1975.
    (SFC, 6/12/06, p.D8)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/m_r/olson/life.htm)

1970        Jan 12, In Australia British toddler Cheryl Grimmer (3) was kidnapped from a changing area after spending a morning at the seaside with her mother and three brothers near the city of Wollongong in New South Wales (NSW). In 2020 NSW authorities upped the reward on the cold case to one million Australian dollars (£528,000) for information leading to arrest and conviction.
    (The Telegraph, 1/12/20)
1970        Jan 12, In Nigeria the 30-month civil war ended. The Biafran forces surrendered after nearly a million ethnic Igbos died mostly of hunger and disease. Emeka Ojukwu had led some 40 million Igbos in secession. In 2008 Nigeria paid the pension of Ojukwu and 63 other former rebels as part of efforts to heal wounds. In 2007 Pres. Obasanjo declared Jan 15 as “Armed Forces Remembrance Day" in honor of the soldiers that died in the war.
    (HNQ, 5/9/00)(AFP, 1/15/07)

1970        Jan 14, Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 1/14/00)

1970        Jan 17, Silas Trim Bissell (1942-2002) and his wife Judith, Weathermen underground members, set a homemade bomb under the steps of the ROTC building at Washington State Univ. It failed to go off and both were caught. Bissel went underground but was caught and served 17 months in Lompoc (1987-1988).
    (SFC, 6/24/02, p.B6)
1970        Jan 17, In Vietnam Donald Sloat was killed in action as he used his body to cover a hand grenade saving three fellow soldiers. In 2014 Sloat was awarded the Medal of Honor.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pc7364y)(SFC, 9/16/14, p.A7)

1970        Jan 18, Mormon president David McKay died at age 96.
    (AP, 1/18/00)

1970        Jan 19, President Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court, but the nomination was later defeated because of controversy over Carswell's past racial views.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1970        Jan 20, William T. Cahill (1912-1996), began serving as the governor of New Jersey and continued to 1974.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._Cahill)

1970        Jan 21, The Boeing 747-100 made its 1st commercial transatlantic flight from NY to London. The plane was 231 feet long with a wing span of 195 feet. It could seat 400 people in a cabin 182 feet long.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.B5)(www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)

1970        Jan 23, Evel Knievel made a motorcycle jump over parked cars and trucks at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca.

1970        Jan 25, The Robert Altman film "M*A*S*H" premiered in NYC.

1970        Jan 21, Timothy Leary (1920-1996) was sentenced to 10 years in prison for possession of two roaches of marijuana in 1968.
1970        Jan 21, The Boeing 747-100 made its 1st commercial transatlantic flight from NY to London. The plane was 231 feet long with a wing span of 195 feet. It could seat 400 people in a cabin 182 feet long.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.B5)(www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)

1970        Jan 26, In Turkey the Islamic-oriented National Order Party was formed under the leadership of Necmettin Erbakan.
    (AP, 11/4/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Order_Party)

1970        Jan 27, Movie rating system modified "M" rating to "PG."

1970        Jan 28, Israeli fighter jets attacked the suburbs of Cairo.
    (HN, 1/28/99)

1970        Jan, The Washington Monthly reported that the US army had been closely watching civilian political activity within the United States for the last 4 years.

1970        Feb 1, Arthur Burns (1904-1987) began to serve as chairman of the US Federal Reserve and continued to 1978.
1970        Feb 1, In Buenos Aires, Argentina, an express train rammed stationary commuter train and 236 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15) (AP, 2/18/04)

1970        Feb 2, Bertrand Russell (B.1872), philosopher, social gadfly and British MP, died in Merioneth. "Why is propaganda so much more successful when it stirs up hatred than when it tries to stir up friendly feeling?" He wrote "Pricipia Mathmatica." In 1996 "Bertrand Russel: The Spirit of Solitude," 1871-1921 by Ray Monk was published.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertrand_Russell)(WSJ, 9/27/96, p.A16)(AP, 1/7/99)(HN, 5/18/99)

1970        Feb 11, Japan launched its first satellite, Ohsumi-1. That launch made Japan the fourth nation with a space rocket powerful enough to launch satellites to Earth orbit, after the USSR, the US and France.

1970        Feb 12, Dean Arthur Schwartzmiller (28) was convicted in Juneau, Alaska, of 2 charges of lewd conduct after being accused of molesting 2 boys. Over the next 35 years he was arrested in 6 more states on molestation charges. In 2005 police in San Jose found notebooks at his home that documented over 36,000 sex acts with young boys. In 2006 a jury in Santa Clara, Ca., convicted Schwartzmiller (64) of molesting 2 San Jose boys. In 2007 he was sentenced to 152 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/17/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/19/06, p.A1)(SFC, 1/30/07, p.A1)

1970        Feb 13, GM reportedly redesigned automobiles to run on unleaded fuel.
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1970        Feb 15, William Kunstler, Chicago defense attorney, got a four-year sentence on contempt charges for his conduct during the Chicago Seven trial.
1970        Feb 15, A Dominican DC-9 crashed into sea at Santo Domingo and 102 people were killed.

1970        Feb 16, In SF a homemade bomb, placed outside the police Park Station on Waller St., exploded. Sgt. Brian McDonnell (44) died 2 days later and 8 other officers were injured. Black Panthers were suspected, but a later investigation suggested it was the work of the Weather Underground.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)(SFC, 2/17/07, p.B1)

1970        Feb 17, Robert Marasco's "Child's Play," opened at the Royal theater on Broadway.
1970        Feb 17, Joni Mitchell (b.1943) held a concert at London’s Royal Albert Hall.
1970        Feb 17, At Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Dr. Jeffrey MacDonald’s wife and 2 daughters were murdered. Dr. MacDonald was convicted of the murders but claimed that drug-crazed assailants were responsible. The book "Fatal Vision" by Joe McGinniss recounted the story. In 2005 evidence was presented that Helena Stoeckley (1953-1983), a defense witness, had admitted to a prosecutor that she was at MacDonald’s house on the night of the murder.
    (WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/14/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffrey_R._MacDonald)
1970        Feb 17, Alfred Newman (b.1900), US composer, died.
1970        Feb 17, S.Y. Agnon, Jewish writer and Nobel Prize winner (1966) died in Jerusalem. His books included “Days of Awe," a compendium of Jewish practices, legends and commentaries.
    (WSJ, 9/22/07, p.W6)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/agnon.htm)

1970        Feb 18, The Chicago Seven defendants were found innocent of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention; five were convicted of violating the Anti-Riot Act of 1968, but those convictions were later reversed. In January reporter J. Anthony Lukas published "The Barnyard Epithet and Other Obscenities: Notes on the Chicago Conspiracy Trial."
    (AP, 2/18/08)(SFC, 6/7/97, p.A19)

1970        Feb 20, Cheyenne Brando (d.1995), daughter of Marlon, was born in Papeete, Tahiti.
1970        Feb 20, Students at San Jose Univ., Ca., buried a brand new Ford Maverick as part of their Survival Faire. The Maverick was exhumed one year later.
    (SFC, 4/20/10, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/yyplgjc)

1970        Feb 21, Secret peace talks were held between US Sec. of State Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho of North Vietnam.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)
1970        Feb 21, The PFLP-GC, a Palestinian terrorist group, planted a parcel bomb on Swissair Flight 330 that blew up on a flight from Zurich to Tel Aviv. All 47 aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swissair_Flight_330)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)

1970        Feb 23, Guyana became a republic.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)

1970        Feb 24, 29 Swiss Army officers died in avalanche at Reckingen, Switzerland.

1970        Feb 25, Mark Rothko (b.1903), painter, committed suicide in NYC. He was born in Dvinsk, Russia, which is now Daugavpils, Latvia, and his family moved to Portland, Ore., in 1913. His work moved to abstraction in the 1940s. The execution of his will provoked a long drawn out court case. His daughter charged the executors and the owner of Rothko’s gallery with conspiracy and conflict of interest, and won. A 1998 show was accompanied by the book "Mark Rothko" by Jeffrey Weiss with contributions by John Cage, Carol-Mancusi-Ungaro, Barbara Novak, Brian O’Doherty, Mark Rosenthal and Jessica Stewart.
    (http://slate.msn.com/?id=2923)(WSJ, 6/4/98, p.A16)(SFEC, 6/7/98, BR p.4)(AP, 11/11/03)

1970        Feb 26, Beatles released "Beatles Again," aka the "Hey Jude" album.
1970        Feb 26, "Georgy" opened at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 4 performances.
1970        Feb 26, Five Marines were arrested on charges of murdering 11 South Vietnamese women and children.
    (HN, 2/26/98)

1970        Feb 28, Bicycles were permitted to cross the Golden Gate Bridge.

1970        Feb, The US Department of Housing and Urban Development created the first transaction using a mortgage-backed security. The Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA or Ginnie Mae) sold securities backed by a portfolio of mortgage loans.

1970        Mar 1, Kreisky's social-democrats won the Austrian parliamentary election.
1950        Mar 1, Kim Soo-im (b.1911), a former US-employed assistant and lover to provost marshal Col. John E. Baird, was arrested by South Korean police, joining thousands of others ensnared in President Syngman Rhee's roundups of leftists — workers and writers, teachers, peasants and others with suspect politics. She was soon tried and executed in June by South Korea as an alleged spy.
    (AP, 8/17/08)
1970        Mar 1, The white government of Rhodesia declared independence from Britain.

1970        Mar 2, The US Supreme Court set age 23 as the cut-off for prosecuting men who fail to register for the draft on their 18th birthday.

1970        Mar 3, Systems and Services Company went public. John Baugh (1916-2007) created Sysco Corp. by combining 9 regional companies, most of them frozen-food distributors like his Zero Foods Co., founded right after WW II.
    (WSJ, 3/17/07, p.A5)

1970        Mar 4, The French submarine Eurydice exploded and sank in the Mediterranean off Cape Camarat killing all 57 of its  crew.

1970        Mar 5, A nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it. France and China only signed on in 1992. By 2015 there were 191 signatories.
    (AP, 3/5/98)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.21)(Econ., 5/2/15, p.54)

1970        Mar 6, In NYC’s Greenwich Village a townhouse at 18 West 11th St. exploded. SDS Weathermen members Diana Oughton, Ted Gold  and Terry Robbins were killed at the site where a bomb was being manufactured. Other members went underground and became known as the Weather Underground. The 1988 film "Running on Empty" was based on Bernardine Dohrn and Bill Ayers. In 2001 Bill Ayers, former Weatherman, authored "Fugitive Days, A Memoir."
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, DB p.67)(SFC, 7/21/03, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana_Oughton)
1970        Mar 6, The Beatles released "Let it Be" in UK.

1970        Mar 8, The Nixon administration disclosed the deaths of 27 Americans in Laos.
    (HN, 3/8/98)

1970        Mar 11, Richard L. Spencer, tenor saxophonist and lead singer for the Winstons, was awarded a Grammy for “color Him Father." The DC-based band had released the song a year earlier. The B-side of the song featured an instrumental called “Amen, Brother." This featured a 4-bar solo by drummer Gregory Coleman that was copied in 1986 for the first volume of “Ultimate Breaks and Beats." In 1988 the break was featured on the “king of Beats," a 6-minute collage of hip-hop beats and other samples released by Mantronix.
    (Econ, 12/17/11, p.145)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rIb1-EEWt0)
1970        Mar 11, Iraq’s Ba’ath Party agreed to an autonomy accord with the Kurd nation.

1970        Mar 13, Cambodia ordered Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to get out.
    (HN, 3/13/98)

1970        Mar 15, "Purlie" opened at Broadway Theater in NYC. In December it moved to the Winter Garden Theater and in March 1971 to the ANTA Playhouse where it closed in November after a total of 688 performances.
1970        Mar 15, Expo '70, promoting "Progress and Harmony for Mankind," opened in Osaka, Japan. The ‘70 Expo featured the Multiscreen Corporation production of the film Tiger Child.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(Hem., 3/97, p.81)(AP, 3/15/08)

1970        Mar 16, Forty-six women filed suit against Newsweek management for sex discrimination. On Aug 26 they signed an agreement with management. In September Lynn Povich became Newsweek’s first-ever female senior editor. In 2012 Povich authored “The Good Girls Revolt."
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.E1)

1970        Mar 17, The US Army charged 14 officers with suppression of facts in the My Lai massacre case.
    (HN, 3/17/98)
1970        Mar 17, The United States cast its first veto in the UN Security Council. The US killed a resolution that would have condemned Britain for failure to use force to overthrow the white-ruled government of Rhodesia.
    (AP, 3/17/00)

1970        Mar 18, The US Postal Service was paralyzed by the first postal strike. A walkout of letter carriers in Brooklyn and Manhattan set off a strike that involved 210,000 of the nation’s 750,000 postal employees. Pres. Nixon declared a state of national emergency and assigned military units to NYC post offices.
    (HN, 3/18/98)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1970        Mar 18, Prince Sihanouk was overthrown by Gen’l. Lon Nol in a right-wing coup. He joined the Khmer Rouge in a resistance war. The US and Vietnamese forces invaded and drove the Viet Cong from border sanctuaries deep into Cambodia where they joined with the weak and isolated Khmer Rouge. A full scale civil war began. The next 8 years are covered in the 1988 book "Goodnight Cambodia, Forbidden History" by Vibol Ouk, who lived through the horrors of Pol Pot.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 1/11/98, BR p.3)

1970        Mar 19, Willy Brandt and Willi Stoph met for the first East-West Germany summit in Berlin.
    (HN, 3/19/98)

1970        Mar 21, Marlen Haushofer (b.1920), Austrian writer died. Her 1962 novel “The Wall" was her only work translated into English.
    (WSJ, 4/25/09, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlen_Haushofer)

1970        Mar 23, Mafia "Boss" Carlo Gambino was arrested for plotting to steal $3 million.
    (HN, 3/23/98)
1970        Mar 23, US performed the Shaper nuclear test in Nevada.

1970        Mar 24, The British harbor tug Eppleton Hall arrived in San Francisco. It was the last paddle-wheel steamer to cross the Atlantic Ocean under its own power.
    (SSFC, 1/26/14, p.C5)

1970        Mar 25, The Concorde, an Anglo-French airplane, made its first supersonic flight.
    (HN, 3/24/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concorde)

1970        Mar 26, "Minnie's Boys" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 80 performances.
1970        Mar 26, The US conducted the Handley nuclear test in Nevada.
1970        Mar 26, Peter Yarrow (b.1938), of the singing trio Peter, Paul & Mary, pleaded guilty to taking "immoral liberties" with a minor, referring to an incident between Mr. Yarrow and a 14-year old.  He served 3 months in jail; 11 years later he was pardoned by President Carter.

1970        Mar 28, Over 1,000 people were killed when a major earthquake damaged 254 villages in Gediz, Turkey. Estimates of the magnitude varied from 6.9 to 7.3.

1970        Mar 30, Secretariat (d.1989), triple crown race horse (1973), was born in Virginia.
1970        Mar 30, The musical "Applause" with Lauren Bacall opened on Broadway. It was based on the movie "All About Eve."
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, Par p.7)(AP, 3/30/07)

1970        Mar 31, The U.S. forces in Vietnam downed a MIG-21, the first since September 1968.
    (HN, 3/31/98)
1970        Mar 31, Semjon Timoshenko (75), Russian marshal, inspector-general (WW II), died.

1970        Mar, The US National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam organized a trip to Hanoi to meet with the prime minister of North Vietnam. Doug Down and Noam Chomsky were indirectly informed that the US had invaded Cambodia. In 1997 Prof. Dowd published "Blues for America."
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.E5)
1970        Mar, Several dozen leading US journalists met in Washington and formed the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. The meeting was spearheaded by CBS journalist Murray Fromson (1929-2018) and New York Times reporter J. Anthony Lukas.
    (SFC, 6/14/18, p.D2)

1970        Apr 1, President Nixon signed a measure banning cigarette advertising on radio and television, to take effect after Jan. 1, 1971.
    (AP, 4/1/98)
1970        Apr 1, U.S. Army charged Captain Ernest Medina in My Lai massacre.
    (HN, 4/1/98)
1970        Apr 1, American Motors Corp. (AMC) introduced the compact Gremlin for $1879. It was designed by Richard Teague on the back of a Northwest Airlines sickness bag. The last Gremlin was made in 1978.
    (www.allpar.com/amc/gremlin.html)(SFC, 3/14/05, p.A10)

1970        Apr 2, The US registered 1967 UN amendments on the 1946 convention for the regulation of whaling.

1970        Apr 5, Six Nepalese Sherpas died in an avalanche during a Japanese skiing expedition on Everest.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, A-10)(www.everestsummiteersassociation.org/listofdeadoneverst.htm)

1970        Apr 7, "Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-moon Marigolds," premiered in NYC. The play was written in 1964 by Paul Zindel, playwright and science teacher. Zindel received the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for the work.
1970        Apr 7, In the 42nd Academy Awards in Los Angeles "Midnight Cowboy" won for best picture, John Wayne for best actor (True Grit) and Maggie Smith for best actress (The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie).

1970        Apr 8, The Senate rejected President Nixon's nomination of G. Harold Carswell to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 4/8/97)

1970        Apr 10, In California grape grower Lionel Steinberg (d.1999 at 79) signed the initial contract with Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers.
    (SFC, 3/12/99, p.A23)

1970        Apr 11, The Beatles' "Let It Be" single was released in the US and quickly went to #1.
1970        Apr 11, Apollo 13 blasted off on a mission to the moon, commanded by Jim Lovell. The mission was disrupted on April 13, when an oxygen tank ruptured and crippled the spacecraft. The astronauts managed to return safely on April 17.
    (AP, 4/11/97)(AWAM, Dec. 94, p.79)(SFC, 4/10/20, p.A3)
1970        Apr 11, John H. O'Hara (b.1905), US journalist and novelist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), died. In 2003 Geoffrey Wolff authored "The Art of Burning Bridges: The Life of John O'Hara."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_O%27Hara)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M2)

1970        Apr 12, In Mississippi Rainey Pool, a black one-armed farmer, was beaten and tortured by a mob in Belzoni and his body was dumped off a bridge into the Sunflower River. In 1999 James "Doc" Caston (66), Charles Caston (64) and Hal Crimm (50) were sentenced to 20 years in prison for their part in the killing. Joe Watson pleaded guilty and testified in exchange for a reduced sentence.
    (USAT, 11/18/99, p.3A)

1970        Apr 13, Apollo 13, four-fifths of the way to the moon, was crippled when a tank containing liquid oxygen burst: "Houston, we've got a problem!" The incident preventing a planned moon landing. The three-man crew managed to return safely.
    (AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(HN, 4/13/99)
1970        Apr 13, Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis (b.1925) was allowed to go into exile. His music included the film score for Zorba the Greek (1964).

1970        Apr 14, The Sandy Wilson musical "Boy Friend" opened at Ambassador Theater in NYC for 119 performances. The original London production was in 1954.

1970        Apr 15, Last Gasp’s first publication, Slow Death Funnies #1, came out for the first “Earth Day" (see April 22) Ron Turner founded Last Gasp, a San Francisco publisher of underground comics and graphic novels.
    (SFC, 3/27/10, p.E1)(http://tinyurl.com/ye78lv9)

1970        Apr 16, In Vermont a fire at Johnson’s Pasture Commune left 4 people dead.
    (SFC, 8/10/98, p.A10)

1970        Apr 17, The Apollo 13 crew splashed down safely in the Pacific, four days after a ruptured oxygen tank crippled their spacecraft. A film was made in 1995 that depicted the mission.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-12)(SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.5)(AP, 4/17/97)

1970        Apr 20, Bruno Kreisky became the 1st socialist chancellor of Austria.
    (MC, 4/20/02)
1970        Apr 20, Paul Celan (49), Romania born poet, drowned himself in the Seine. English translations of his poems were published in 2001.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, BR p.5)

1970        Apr 21, Bruno Kreisky (1911-1990) became the 1st socialist chancellor of Austria.

1970        Apr 22, The first Earth Day and Earth Week was celebrated and millions protested pollution on Earth and their concern for the environment. The event was organized by a 33-member committee in Philadelphia. Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson suggested Earth Day as a means to focus national attention on ecological issues. Gaylord selected Pete McCloskey as co-chairman. Organizers later identified 12 anti-environment members of the US House and Senate, 7 of whom soon lost their seats.
    (AP, 4/22/97)(WSJ, 5/12/99, p.A23)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.E3)(http://www.nelsonearthday.net/)

1970        Apr 24, President Nixon ordered US and South Vietnamese troops to secretly invade the “Parrot’s Beak" region of Cambodia, thought to be a Viet Cong stronghold. Operation Patio was a covert aerial interdiction effort conducted by the United States Seventh Air Force in Cambodia from 24-29 April 1970 during the Vietnam Conflict. It served as a tactical adjunct to the heavier B-52 bombing missions being carried out in Operation Menu.
1970        Apr 24, China launched its 1st satellite, known as China 1 or Mao 1, to orbit on a Long March rocket. It kept transmitting a song, "The East is Red." China became the fifth country to launch a satellite into space, sending up the Dongfanghong-1, which means "The East is Red."
    (www.spacetoday.org/Satellites/Iran/IranianSat.html)(AP,  4/24/97)

1970        Apr 26, The musical, "Company," opened at the Alvin Theatre on Broadway. It starred Elaine Stritch and ran for [690] 705 performances. It was directed by Hal Prince. George Furth wrote the book and Stephen Sondheim (b.1930) wrote the score.
    (AP, 4/26/98)(http://www.sondheim.com/works/company/)
1970        Apr 26, Gypsy Rose Lee (b.1911), stripper and actress, died. Her 1957 memoir, written as a monument to her mother, was made into the stage musical and film Gypsy. In 2009 Rachel Shteir authored “Gypsy: The Art of the Tease."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gypsy_Rose_Lee)(SSFC, 3/22/09, Books p.J3)

1970        Apr 28, The US invasion of Cambodia took place. Congress and the press learned of the invasion on April 30.

1970        Apr 29, Andre Agassi, tennis star and winner of an Olympic gold medal in 1996, was born in Las Vegas, Nev.
1970        Apr 29, Uma Thurman, actress, was born in Boston, Mass. Her films included “The Adventures of Baron Munchausen" (1988) and “Pulp Fiction" (1994).
1970        Apr 29, In Australia a large wooden log was placed on the winding track in front of a royal train carrying Queen Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip to the town of Orange. The train did not derail as it was traveling too slowly. The incident was only revealed in 2009 by a retired detective.
    (AFP, 1/28/09)
1970        Apr 29, 50,000 US and South Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia [see Apr 30].
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)(www.democraticcentral.com/showDiary.do?diaryId=1972)

1970        Apr 30, President Nixon announced to a national TV audience that the United States was sending troops into Cambodia "to win the just peace that we desire." The action that sparked widespread protest. U.S. troops invaded Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas and to attack Communist border sanctuaries. Calling the joint U.S.-South Vietnamese operation "indispensable," some 32,000 American and 48,000 South Vietnamese troops captured large caches of supplies, but most Communist forces had already been withdrawn. A storm of protest against expansion of the war swept the United States and four days later four student protesters at Ohio's Kent State University were shot dead by National Guardsmen.
    (AP, 4/30/97)(TMC, 1994, p.1970)(HN, 4/30/98)(HNQ, 5/3/98)
1970        Apr 30, Inger Stevens (b.1934, Stockholm-born star of TV’s “The Farmer’s Daughter," died of an overdose. For all intents and purposes, Ms. Stevens' death was a suicide but following her death, it came out in the tabloids that she had been secretly married to African-American Ike Jones since 1961. The couple was estranged at the time of her death.
1970        Apr 30, Yoshimi Tanaka and a group of students of the Red Army Faction, including Shiro Akagi, seized a Japan Airlines jet and flew to Pyongyang, N. Korea, in Japan's first ever case of air piracy. In 1996 Tanaka was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c4bk7)(www.tkb.org/KeyLeader.jsp?memID=102)(AP, 6/5/07)

1970        Apr, Melanie Safka (b.1947) made a hit with her song "Lay Down." It became part of her Candles in the Rain album released in May 1970.
1970        Apr, North Korea intercepted a South Korean fishing trawler. Most of the crew were later repatriated but Lee Jae-geun, owner of the trawler, was held for three decades before he escaped home.
    (Econ, 10/26/13, SR p.3)

1970        May 1, Students at Kent State University rioted in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia. Campus protests broke out across the nation.
    (HN, 5/1/98)
1970        May 1, The US troop ship General John Pope came to rest at the Suisun Bay, Ca., reserve fleet rest stop. It was launched in 1943 and served up to this time. In 2010 it was scheduled to be recycled at a Texas shipyard.
    (SSFC, 5/9/10, p.A2)

1970        May 2, Diane Crump became the 1st woman jockey at the Kentucky Derby.
1970        May 2, Student anti-war protesters at Ohio's Kent State University burned down the campus ROTC building. Ohio Governor James A. Rhodes ordered in the National Guard to take control of the campus.
    (HN, 5/2/98)(HNPD, 5/4/99)

1970        May 3, James A. Rhodes, the governor of Ohio, in a press conference in Kent, called anti-war protesters the "the worst type of people we harbor in America, worse than the brownshirts and the communist element." Rhodes had ordered the National Guard into Kent to quell anti-war demonstrations that began after President Nixon announced the American incursion into Cambodia on April 30.
    (HNQ, 5/4/99)

1970        May 4,    At Kent State Univ. on Monday, a peaceful noontime rally of some 2,000 students was ordered to disburse by guardsmen. Tear gas was fired and guardsmen charged into the crowd. At 12:20 p.m., a small group of Guardsmen suddenly wheeled and unleashed a 13-second volley of gunfire. They fired into a group of protesters, killing four and wounding 9-11 others. One wounded student was crippled for life with damage to his spinal column. In the days that followed, hundreds of colleges were shut down by student strikes and more than 100,000 demonstrators marched on Washington, D.C. Twenty-five years after the event the National Guard insisted that it was  provoked into attacking the students contrary to eye-witnesses, photographs, and later investigations. Renowned American sculptor George Segal's bronze Abraham and Isaac was commissioned to commemorate the killing of four Vietnam War protesters at Ohio's Kent State University. The finished bronze is now part of Princeton University's modern sculpture garden.
    (NPR interview with the crippled survivor 5/4/95)(HFA, '96, p.30)(AP, 5/4/97)(HN, 5/4/98)(HNQ, 8/24/98)(HNPD, 5/4/99)
1970        May 4, The US FCC adopted the prime time access rule (PTAR), to be fully effective as of October 1, 1971. Four months after its adoption, however, the Commission on August 7, 1970, significantly amended the rule, delaying until October 1, 1972, the effective date of the off-network and feature films provisions.
1970        May 4, A dispatch filed from Saigon described looting by US soldiers at the Cambodian town of Snuol. The mention of looting was removed by an editor in New York before the story was transmitted to newspapers in the United States. An AP story was killed by Wes Gallagher (d.1997 at 86), general manager of the new service.
    (AP, 7/11/07)(SFC, 10/12/97, p.B5)

1970        May 6, Yuichiro Miura (b.1932) of Japan skied down Mt. Everest.

1970        May 7, Carlos Estrada (b.1909), Uruguayan composer, died.

1970        May 8, Anti-war protests took place across the United States and around the world. Construction workers broke up an anti-war protest on New York City's Wall Street.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

1970        May 9, Walter Reuther (1907-1970) died in a plane crash. He was a die maker who pioneered the establishment of the United Automobile Workers union and served as the UAW president from 1946 for 24 years.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Reuther)

1970        May 10, In Cambodia Spec. Leslie H. Sabo Jr. (b.1948), of Elwood City, Pa., saved his comrades and lost his own life as his unit was nearly overrun by North Vietnamese forces. Documentation of his heroism was lost until 1999. On May 16, 2012, Pres. Obama presented the US Medal of Honor to his widow.
    (SFC, 5/17/12, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie_H._Sabo,_Jr.)

1970        May 11, The song "Long & Winding Road" by the Beatles was released in the US. It was their last American release.

1970        May 12, The US Senate voted unanimously to confirm Harry A. Blackmun as a Supreme Court justice. Blackmun (1908-1999) was nominated to the US Supreme Court by Richard Nixon on April 14, 1970.
    (AP, 5/12/97)(www.law.cornell.edu/supct/justices/blackmun.bio.html)
1970        May 12, In Augusta, Georgia, an overnight riot left 6 black men dead. Autopsies confirmed that the six men killed were all shot in the back with police-issued shotguns.
1970        May 12, Premier Robert Bourassa (1933-1996) began serving his first term as the Liberal Premier of the province of Quebec. This term ended in 1976. He then served a 2nd term from 1985-1994.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Bourassa)

1970        May 14, In West Germany Andreas Baader, a rabid opponent of the Vietnam War, broke out of prison with the help of gang members including Ulrike Meinhof.
    (WSJ, 4/3/09, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrike_Meinhof)

1970        May 15, Phillip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green, two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi, were killed when police opened fire during student protests. In 2021 the mayor of Jackson and a state senator both apologized for the shootings.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(AP, 5/15/21)
1970        May 15, South Africa was excluded from Olympic play.

1970        May 17, Thor Heyerdahl (1914-2002), Norwegian anthropologist, left Morocco aboard Ra II, a papyrus reed boat, and sailed 3,270 nautical miles across the Atlantic to Barbados in 57 days [see Jul 12].
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A2)(www.spiritus-temporis.com/thor-heyerdahl/)

1970        May 20, Some 100,000 people demonstrated in New York's Wall Street district in support of U.S. policy in Vietnam and Cambodia.
    (AP, 5/20/97)(HN, 5/20/98)
1970        May 20, The Beatles movie "Let it Be" premiered in Britain. The documentary film was about a Beatles’ recording session.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, DB p.47)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0065976/)

1970        May 21, The National Guard was mobilized to quell disturbances at Ohio State University. [see May 4]
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1970        May 22, Joseph Wood Krutch (b.1893), American writer, critic, and naturalist, died. His books included “Measure of Man" (1954). “If people destroy something replaceable made by mankind, they are called vandals; if they destroy something irreplaceable made by God, they are called developers."

1970        May 25, Rachel Lindsay Greenbush and Sidney Robin Greenbush, twin actresses, were born in  Hollywood, CA. From 1974 to 1982 the identical twins played the character of Carrie Ingalls on Little House on the Prairie under the credit “Lindsay Sidney Greenbush."
1970        May 25, Michael Benyaer, actor and writer, was born in Vancouver, BC.

1970        May 27, Dougal Haston and Don Whillans, members of a British expedition, climbed the south face of Nepal’s Annapurna I, the 10th highest summit in the world.
1970        May 27, USSR performs an underground nuclear test.

1970        May 29, John Gunther (b.1901), American journalist and author, died.
1970        May 29, Eva Hesse, artist (34), died in NYC. She is one of 3 artists covered by Anne Middleton Wagner in "Three Artists (Three Women): Modernism in the Art of Hesse, Krasner and O’Keefe."
    (HFA, '96, p.42)(SFC, 5/12/96, p.T-7)(SSFC, 2/3/02, p.D3)
1970        May 29, In Sri Lanka Sirimavo Bandaranaike began serving as the country’s 9th prime minister for a 2nd term and continued to 1977. His first term as the 7th PM of Ceylon was from 1960-1965.

1970        May 31, In Cambodia 9 journalists (American, Cambodian, Indian, Japanese, and French) were ambushed by Khmer Rouge and Viet Cong guerrillas near Kandoul village south of Phnom Penh. 4 of the CBS employees were killed instantly. 5 others were believed to have been taken to Kandoul in the days after and executed. Their bodies were dumped in a shallow grave amid the untilled earth of rice paddies.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
1970        May 31, Tens of thousands of people died in an earthquake in Peru. The 7.7 earthquake killed 67,000, injured 50,000 and destroyed 186,000 buildings.
    (AP, 5/31/97)(SFC, 11/29/97, p.C3)

1970        May, The US government shut off power and stopped fresh water supplies from the Native American Indians on Alcatraz Island. A fire broke out and each side blamed the other.
    (G, Summer ‘97, p.5)(www.nps.gov/alca/historyculture/we-hold-the-rock.htm)
1970        May, Leonard Woodcock (1911-2001) was named head of the UAW following the death of Walter Reuther. He was elected to a full term at the union's 23rd Constitutional Convention in April, 1972, and re-elected in 1974. He retired in May 1977 and then served as US ambassador to China from 1979-1981.
    (SFC, 1/18/01, p.C2)
1970        May, In Panama leftist activist Heliodoro Portugal was kidnapped. His remains were found in 1999 near a military barracks outside Panama City. In 2009 the government accepted responsibility for Portugal's disappearance and agreed to pay his family $256,000.
    (AP, 5/27/10)

1970        Jun 2, Har Gobind Khorana (1922-1993), Indian-American chemist at the Univ. of Wisconsin, announced the synthesis of the 1st artificial gene.

1970        Jun 3, Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht (b.1877), President of Germany’s Reichsbank (1933-1939), minister of Economics (1934-1936), died. Schacht was tried for crimes against peace in Nuremberg in 1946. His defense was that he was only a banker and economist.

1970        Jun 7, The Who's Tommy was performed at NY's Lincoln Center.
1970        Jun 7, E.M. Forster (b.1879 as Edward Morgan Forster), English novelist, died.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._M._Forster)

1970        Jun 9, Harry A. Blackmun (1908-1999), was sworn in as Supreme Court Justice.

1970        Jun 10, A fifteen-man group of special forces troops began training for Operation Kingpin, a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam. Almost flawless in execution, the daring rescue raid at the Son Tay prison camp deep within North Vietnam lacked only one essential ingredient--POWs.
    (HN, 6/10/98)

1970        Jun 11, The United States presence in Libya came to an end as the last detachment left Wheelus Air Base.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1970        Jun 11, Frank Laubach, Christian Evangelical missionary, died. In 1935, while working at a remote location in the Philippines, he developed the "Each One Teach One" literacy program. It has since been used to teach about 60 million people to read in their own language.
1970        Jun 11, Frank Silvera (b.1914), actor, died. He was accidentally electrocuted in his home. At the time he was appearing on the TV series “High Chaparral."
1970        Jun 11, Palestinian guerrillas and King Hussein's army signed a truce in Jordan after week of heavy clashes.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1970        Jun 11, Alexander F. Kerensky (b.1881), Russian premier (1917), died.

1970        Jun 13, Beatles' "Let It Be," album went #1 & stayed #1 for 4 weeks.

1970        Jun 16, Kenneth A. Gibson of Newark, N.J., became the first black to win a mayoral election in a major Northeast city.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1970        Jun 17, North Vietnamese troops cut the last operating rail line in Cambodia.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1970        Jun 19, "The Tim Conway Show", TV Comedy, last aired on CBS after 13 episodes.
1970        Jun 19, In SF police officer Richard Radetich (25) was shot 3 times by a gunman as wrote a ticket in a parked patrol car. Radetich died 15 hours later leaving behind a wife and 8-month-old daughter.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A1)
1970        Jun 19, Edward Heath (1916-2005) began serving as Britain’s prime minister and continued to 1974. Derek George Rayner (d.1998 at 72), later Lord Rayner, soon joined the government to centralize defense procurement for PM Edward Heath. Margaret Thatcher served as his education secretary.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Heath)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.32)(SFC, 7/18/05, p.B6)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.27)
1970        Jun 19, A. Nikolayev and V. Sevastyanov returned after 18 days in Russia’s Soyuz 9.

1970        Jun 21, Tony Jacklin became the first British golfer to win the US Open for 50 years, and with his British Open victory eleven months earlier, he became only the third golfer to accomplish this double within a 12-month period.
    (Camelot, 6/21/99)
1970        Jun 21, Penn Central was forced into bankruptcy. The default caught the market by surprise, largely because commercial paper ratings were in their infancy. Fed chairman Arthur Burns reacted by making discount window loans to banks that lent to CP issuers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penn_Central_Transportation)(WSJ, 8/30/07, p.A3)

1970        Jun 22, President Nixon signed the 26th amendment, a measure lowering the voting age to 18.
    (AP, 6/22/97) (HN, 6/22/98)
1970        Jun 22, In Vietnam surgeon Dang Thuy Tram (27) died after refusing to surrender to US troops during a skirmish. Officer Frederick Whitehurst retrieved her the diaries from her gutted field hospital, and decided at his translator's urging not to burn them. The work was translated and published in 2006.
    (AP, 4/3/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dang_Thuy_Tram)

1970        Jun 24, The film "Catch-22," directed by Mike Nichols, opened. It was based on the novel by Joseph Heller.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, DB p.44)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0065528/)
1970        Jun 24, The US Senate voted overwhelmingly to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. With fresh evidence later available, claims that the Tonkin Gulf incident was deliberately provoked gained new plausibility.
    (HN, 6/24/98)(http://tinyurl.com/4x8keb)

1970        Jun 28, Muhammed Ali, formerly Cassius Clay, stood before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the Army during the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 6/28/99)
1970        Jun 28, San Francisco’s first official Gay Pride event centered on a “Gay-in" gathering at Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 6/18/16, p.C4)
1970        Jun 28, In NYC the Christopher Street Liberation Day, the first Pride march, took place a year after the 1969 uprisings at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar, which were led by trans women of color.

1970        Jun 28-1970 Jun 29, Reinhold and Gunther Messner of Tyrol, Italy, reached the 26,650-foot peak of Nanga Parbat in northern Pakistan. Gunther (24) died during the descent. In 2005 Reinhold retrieved his brother’s remains.
    (WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/5/05, p.A2)

1970        Jun 29, U.S. troops pulled out of Cambodia.
    (HN, 6/29/98)

1970        Jun 30, IBM announced the System 370 computer.

1970        Jun, The Israeli government passed its initial decision to establish settlements in Gaza.
    (AP, 8/15/05)

1970        Jul 1, In Guatemala Gen. Carlos Arana Osorio (1918-2003), a hard-line conservative of the National Liberation Movement, began serving as president and continued to 1974. He expanded efforts to bring armed rebels under control and prosecuted student radicals. He declared a state of siege in his 1st year.
    (AP, 12/6/03)(SFC, 12/8/03, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Manuel_Arana_Osorio)

1970        Jul 2, Jessie Street (b.1889), Australian civil rights activist, died.

1970        Jul 3, A British Dan-Air charter, flying a Comet 4 turbojet, crashed near Barcelona and 112 were killed.

1970        Jul 4, Some 100 people were injured in race rioting in Asbury Park, NJ. In 2005 Daniel Wolff authored “Fourth of July, Asbury Park: A History of the Promised Land."
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.E1)
1970        Jul 4, Casey Kasem (b.1932) debuted his "American Top 40" on LA radio.
1970        Jul 4, Barnett Newman (b.1905), American artist of the abstract expressionist movement, died. His "zips" consisted of fields of flat color punctuated by vertical stripes.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.D5)(SFC, 3/30/02, p.D1)(NW, 4/22/02, p.66)

1970        Jul 12, Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian ethnographer, crossed the Atlantic Ocean in "Ra" and docked in Barbados.

1970        Jul 15, Frederik Lugt (b.1884), Dutch founder of the Fondation Custodia (1947), died in Paris. The foundation, which he founded with his wife, kept intact his collection of Old Master drawings at the Institut Neederlandais, the Dutch cultural center in Paris.
    (Econ, 2/13/10, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frits_Lugt)

1970        Jul 18, Arthur Brown (b.1942), English rock singer, was arrested for stripping on stage in Palermo, Sicily.

1970        Jul 21, The Aswan Dam opened in Egypt. Over the years the giant dam caused the disruption of the Nile's flow and destroyed vital mineral deposits. Fishing industries have been linked to the spread of disease. Formal opening ceremonies were held Jan 15, 1971.
1970        Jul 21, Libya ordered the confiscation of all Jewish property.

1970        Jul 23, Sultan Qaboos bin Al Said deposed his father, Sultan Said bin Taimur, and took over rule in Oman.
    (NG, 5/95, p.120)(AP, 7/23/97)

1970        Jul 24, Pres. Nixon signed the Failing Newspaper Act (Newspaper Preservation Act) allowing papers in the same market to cut costs by merging some of their operations.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.D5)(www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-25372134_ITM)
1970        Jul 24, Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp.), a stockholder-owned corporation, was chartered by Congress to keep money flowing to mortgage lenders in support of homeownership and rental housing. Preston Martin (1923-2007) helped spearhead its creation. It was listed as a public company in 1989.
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A5)(www.freddiemac.com/investors/faq.html)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.80)
1970        Jul 24, Robert B. Choate (d.2009 at 84), an engineer turned consumer advocate, testified on nutrition information for consumers at a Senate subcommittee hearing and used data supplied by cereal manufacturers. He ranked 60 cereals, including Sugar Smacks, Froot Loops, and Lucky charms, by their nutritive value, showing that 40 products offered such poor nourishment that they were essentially “empty calories."
    (SFC, 5/22/09, p.B6)(http://tinyurl.com/qy7rgb)
1970        Jul 24, In Laos Capt. Donald Bloodworth and his pilot were lost on a night reconnaissance mission in a F-4D fighter-bomber. Bloodworth’s remains were returned to the US in 1998.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)

1970        Jul 26, The SF Chronicle received a letter from the Zodiac killer with an unsubstantiated claim of killing 13 people.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A19)

1970        Jul 27, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar (b.1889), former dictator of Portugal (1932-68), died.

1970        Jul 29, Six days of race rioting began in Hartford, Ct.
1970        Jul 29, John G.B. Barbirolli (b.1899), English conductor, composer, died.
1970        Jul 29, Jonel Perlea (69), Romania-born composer, died in NY. In 1957 he became the principal conductor of the Connecticut Symphony and continued there for ten years.

1970        Jul 30, George Szell (b.1897)), Hungarian-US conductor, died in Cleveland, Ohio. He had served as the music director of the Cleveland Orchestra since 1946.

1970        Aug 1, The dance piece "The Fugue," created by Twyla Tharp (b.1941), premiered at the Univ. of Massachusetts in Amherst.
    (WSJ, 10/17/96, p.A20)(www.abt.org/education/archive/ballets/fugue.html)
1970        Aug 1, W. Lain Guthrie (d.1997 at 84), a commercial airline pilot, refused to dump kerosene into the atmosphere as had been common practice. He kept his DC-8 on the ground and ordered the ground crew to drain the waste fuel from the previous flight. He was fired but other pilots supported him and he was reinstated and the industry stopped its dumping.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.D2)

1970        Aug 3, A 4-day NFL strike ended when the owners agreed to put $4.5 million into the players' pension fund and insurance benefits annually. The players also received increased preseason and per diem payments.
1970        Aug 3, Hurricane "Celia" reached its peak as it made landfall near Corpus Christi, Texas, as a strong Category Three hurricane.

1970        Aug 7, At a hearing for the "Soledad Brothers," Jonathon P. Jackson (17), the younger brother of George L. Jackson, attempted an armed rescue attempt at the Marin Civic Center. A shootout in the parking lot followed and 4 people were killed and 5 injured. Assistant DA Gary Thomas (d.2017) grabbed a pistol from one of the convicts and shot dead three of them. Among the dead were Jackson, Judge Harold Haley, Black Panther James McClain, and convict William A. Christmas. Angela Davis was charged with murder, kidnapping and conspiracy, but was acquitted in 1972 after spending a year in jail.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W21)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A18)(AP, 8/7/00)(SSFC, 4/23/17, p.C2)
1970        Aug 7, In Colombia Misael Pastrana (1923-1997), a member of the Conservative Party, began serving as the country’s 31st president. He was elected by a margin of 63,000 votes. Some who favored his opponent, Gen’l. Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, formed the M-19 rebel group and waged war for almost 2 decades before they disarmed in 1989.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misael_Pastrana_Borrero)
1970        Aug 7, Israel, Jordan and Egypt agreed to a ceasefire under the terms of the US proposed Roger Plan. The Roger Plan was originally proposed in a December 9, 1969, speech at an Adult Education conference. The plan was formally announced on 19 June 1970.

1970        Aug 10, Dan Mitrione (b.1920), a former Indiana police officer and FBI agent who had been advising Latin American governments, including Uruguay's, on techniques for interrogating suspects, was killed by Tupamaro guerrillas. He had been kidnapped on July 31. In 2010 diplomatic cables revealed that President Richard Nixon wanted the Uruguayan government to threaten to kill leftist prisoners in an attempt to save the life of Mitrione.
    (AP, 8/13/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan_Mitrione)

1970        Aug 12, Curt Flood lost his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball. On June 18, 1972, the US Supreme Court upheld the lower court's rulings on Flood's case. Baseball continued to be exempt from antitrust laws and its reserve clause was upheld.

1970        Aug 14, City University of NY inaugurated open admissions.

1970        Aug 15, A ferryboat named the M.V. Golden Gate made its maiden voyage from San Francisco to Sausalito marking a revival of ferry service on San Francisco Bay. It was retired from service on March 26, 2004. The Golden Gate Bus and Ferry Transit system began operating with one ferry and 4 leased busses. Ferry service to Sausalito was inaugurated. The ferryboat Golden Gate was retired in 2004.
    (www.goldengateferry.org/researchlibrary/history.php)(SFC, 12/2/99, p.A36)(SFC, 3/26/04, p.A1)

1970        Aug 16, Benny Bufano (b.1898), California-based Italian-American sculptor, died. He was known for his late-career bullet-shaped public sculptures.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.C1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benny_Bufano)

1970        Aug 17, Venera 7 was launched by USSR for a soft landing on Venus.

1970        Aug 19, George Wright and three other men escaped from the Bayside State Prison farm in Leesburg, New Jersey. He became affiliated with an underground militant group, the Black Liberation Army, and lived for a while in a "communal family" with several of its members in Detroit.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

1970        Aug 20, Ronald Tsukamoto (b.1942), a Berkeley, Ca., rookie police officer, was shot and killed. In 2004 Don Juan Warren Graphenreed (54) was arrested as a suspect in the murder, but was released without being charged. In 2005 police arrested Styles Price (56), a retired Oakland schoolteacher for the killing. Graphenreed was again arrested at Corcoran State Prison, where he was held on a drug charge. Price was soon freed and the case against Graphenreed was dropped due to “insufficient corroborating evidence."(SSFC, 4/19/08, p.)
    (SFC, 5/26/04, p.B3)(SFC, 6/16/04, p.B5)(SFC, 8/11/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/13/05, p.B1)

1970        Aug 24, A bomb planted by anti-war extremists exploded at the University of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison, killing 33-year-old researcher Robert Fassnacht. On Sep 2 the FBI began a nationwide hunt for Dwight Armstrong (19), Karleton Armstrong (22), David S. Fine (18), and Leo F. Burt (22). Dwight Armstrong (1951-2010), the last to be caught, was arrested in Toronto in April, 1977.
    (AP, 8/24/97)(SSFC, 6/27/10, p.C9)

1970        Aug 25, Claudia Schiffer, German fashion model, was born.

1970        Aug 26, NOW Pres. Aileen Clarke 1926-2017) Hernandez led the Women’s Strike for Equality.
    (SFC, 3/2/17, p.D5)

1970        Aug 29, Ruben Salazar (42), a Latino journalist for KMEX, was killed by a tear gas canister fired by a sheriff’s deputy following an anti-war demonstration in East Los Angeles. In 2008 a US postage stamp was issued in his honor. On Feb 22, 2011, a report on the case found no evidence supporting suspicions that Salazar was deliberately killed. It stated that Salazar’s death was due to a series of tactical blunders that would be unacceptable by today's law enforcement standards.
    (SFC, 4/21/08, p.A1)(AP, 2/22/11)

1970        Aug, The first all-computer championship was held in New York and won by CHESS 3.0 (CDC 6400), a program written by Slate, Atkin and Gorlen at Northwestern University. Six programs had entered the first Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) North American Computer Championships. The event was organized by Monty Newborn. The other programs were DALY CP, J Brit, COKO III, SCHACH, and the Marsland CP.

1970        Sep 1, Dr. Hugh Scott of Washington, D.C., became the first African-American superintendent of schools in a major U.S. city.
    (HN, 9/1/99)

1970        Sep 3, Vince Lombardi (57), one of Fordham University‘s stalwart linemen known as the "Seven Blocks of Granite" during his college days, succumbed to cancer in Washington, D.C. He had recently coached the Washington Redskins to their first winning season in 14 years. Lombardi had previously coached the Green Bay Packers to five NFL championships and victories in the first two Super Bowls. He went to the Washington Redskins in 1969 as head coach, general manager, and part owner. The team wound up with a 7-5-2 record for the season. In 1999 David Maraniss authored "When Pride Still Mattered: A Life of Vince Lombardi."
    (AP, 9/3/97)(WSJ, 10/7/99, p.A28)

1970        Sep 4, Natalia Makarova (b.1940), Russian ballet dancer, requested asylum while on tour in Britain.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A20)(www.abt.org/education/archive/choreographers/makarova_n.html)
1970        Sep 4, Salvador Allende Gossens (1908-1973) won the presidential election in Chile. A week later in Washington Henry Kissinger discussed a "covert action program" to oust Allende.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Allende)(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.D1)

1970        Sep 6, Palestinian guerrillas of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine seized control of three jetliners which were later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews were evacuated. This triggered a civil war in and the expulsion of Palestinians from Jordan.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B4)(AP, 9/6/97)

1970        Sep 7, Donald Boyles set a record for the highest parachute jump from a bridge by leaping off of 1,053 ft Royal George Bridge in Colorado.

1970        Sep 9, U.S. Marines launched Operation Dubois Square, a 10-day search for North Vietnamese troops near DaNang. Marine pilots in their diminutive Douglas A-4 Skyhawks provided vital close air support for ground forces in Vietnam.
    (HN, 9/9/98)

1970        Sep 11, US Pres. Nixon’s VP Spiro Agnew first used the term "nattering nabobs of negativism" during his address to the California Republican state convention in San Diego.
1970        Sep 11, In Laos the US Operation Tailwind began with the objectives of reconnaissance, intelligence collection, and a diversion for a larger operation to the north. In 1998 it was reported that the secret raid called Operation Tailwind by a Special Forces unit called the Studies and Observations Group (SOG) used the nerve gas sarin in Laos to kill American armed service members who had defected. A report in 1998 allegedly confirmed that over 100 people were killed including up to 20 American military defectors. Adm. Thomas Moorer (1912-2004), the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the time (1970-1974), confirmed in 1998 that nerve gas was used. CNN and Time magazine later recanted the story due to insufficient evidence.
    (www.scarface-usmc.org/tailwind.htm)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/26/98, p.W13)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.A1)(SFC, 2/7/04, p.A21)

1970        Sep 12, US professor Timothy Leary, LSD proponent, escaped from a California jail. Leary escaped from the State Men’s Colony in San Luis Obispo with the help of his third wife, Rosemary and the Weather Underground. He went to Algiers and joined Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver, who kidnapped the Learys after a political disagreement. They soon escaped and made their way to Afghanistan. In 1974 he was caught and revealed his collaborators to the FBI.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4ncp8t)(SFC, 6/1/96, p.A7)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.A9)
1970        Sep 12, The Univ. of Alabama under coach Bear Bryant football team played against an integrated opponent for the 1st time losing to the Univ. of Southern California 42-21.
    (WSJ, 9/8/05, p.D10)
1970        Sep 12, The Soviet Union launched its unmanned Soviet Luna 16. It was the first robotic probe to land on the Moon and return a sample to Earth.

1970        Sep 13, The supersonic airliner Concorde landed for the 1st time at Heathrow airport.

1970        Sep 15, Pres. Nixon authorized a US-backed coup in Chile.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)
1970        Sep 15, The Jordanian army attacked Palestinian positions and expelled PLO officials and commandos from Jordan. The PLO was driven out of Jordan and forced to move to Lebanon.
    (www.nmhschool.org/tthornton/mehistorydatabase/arabisraeliwars.php)(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1970        Sep 16, The American TV show "McCloud" was released. It starred Dennis Weaver (1924-2006) and was written and produced by Leslie Stevens (d.1998). The series continued to 1977.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.C2)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0065317/)

1970        Sep 18, Jimi Hendrix (27), rock star guitarist, died in London of drug overdose. Hendrix had performed briefly as an opening act for the Monkeys as well as behind the Isley Brothers and Little Richard. In 1978 David Henderson authored the biography “Scuse me While I Kiss the Sky." In 2005 Charles R. Cross authored “Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix."
    (WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(AP, 9/18/97)(WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W13C)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.F1)

1970        Sep 19, "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" with Ed Asner debuted on CBS TV and ran to 1977. Mary Richards threw her hat at 7th St. and Nicollet Ave. in Minneapolis for the opening credits. In 2001 the city planned a $150,000 statue of Mary to be made by Gwendolyn Gillen of Wisconsin. In 1989 Robert S. Alley and Irby B. Brown authored “Love Is All Around," a complete documentary of the show.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)(AP, 9/19/00)(WSJ, 6/19/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/12/05, p.P14)   
1970        Sep, 19, The 1st Glastonbury Fair attracted some 1,500 revelers. The first festival at Worthy Farm was the Pilton Festival, mounted by Michael Eavis, and attended by 1,500 people. The first act to perform was the group Stackridge; the headline act was T.Rex. The larger free festival at the summer solstice in June the next year was the first to attract nationwide interest, and the event became an important precursor of the later Glastonbury Festivals. In 2004 some 115,000 were expected for what had become Britain’s biggest pop festival.
    (Econ, 6/26/04, p.61)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glastonbury_Festival#1970s)

1970        Sep 20, Pres. Nixon’s aide, Charles W. Colson, stated in a memo to Chief of staff H.R. Haldeman: "(the networks) are very much afraid of us and are trying hard to prove they are ‘good guys.’"
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A7)
1970        Sep 20, The Soviet Luna 16 landed on Moon’s Mare Fecunditatis and drilled a core sample.

1970        Sep 21, "NFL Monday Night Football" made its debut on ABC TV as the Cleveland Browns defeated the visiting New York Jets, 31-to-21.
    (SFC, 12/7/96, p.A1)(AP, 9/21/00)
1970        Sep 21, In Jordan King Hussein sent a plea to Israel for air support via the British embassy. Israel did not respond. The Black September crises left 2,000 people dead in 13 days of fighting.
    (SFC, 1/3/01, p.A12)   

1970        Sep 22, President Richard M. Nixon signed a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress. Pres Nixon requested 1,000 new FBI agents for college campuses.
    (HN, 9/22/98)(http://tinyurl.com/5qrct8)
1970        Sep 22, Abdul Razak (1922-1976) became Malaysia’s 2nd prime minister.

1970        Sep 24, Moon Landrieu (b.1930) began serving as the mayor of New Orleans and continued to 1978. From 1979-1981 he served as the US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under Pres. Jimmy Carter.
    (Econ, 2/13/10, p.34)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_Landrieu)
1970        Sep 24, The TV show “The Odd Couple" premiered with Jack Klugman (1922-2012), Tony Randall (1920-2004) and Al Molinaro (1919-2015). The show continued to 1975.
    (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3595776/)(SSFC, 11/1/15, p.A14)
1970        Sep 24, The Soviet Luna 16 returned to Earth, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon.

1970        Sep 25, Erich M. Remarque (b.1898), German writer, died. His books included “Im West Nichts Neues" (All Quiet on the Western Front), 1929.

1970        Sep 26, The President’s Commission on Campus Unrest, also referred to as the Scranton Commission, investigated the Kent killings and found "The indiscriminate firing of rifles into a crowd of students and the deaths that followed were unnecessary, unwarranted, and inexcusable." The commission, directed by former Pennsylvania Governor William Scranton, was appointed by President Richard Nixon shortly after the Kent State shootings and relied heavily on a massive FBI investigation. The Scranton report also found student conduct prior to the shootings partly responsible.
    (HNQ, 5/4/98)

1970        Sep 27, A cease-fire accord was signed in Cairo between the Jordanian army and Palestinian guerrillas by King Hussein and Yasser Arafat brokered by the Arab peace committee headed by Bahi Ladgham of Tunisia.
    (SFC, 4/16/98, p.B4)(http://tinyurl.com/6e3v9s)

1970        Sep 28, John Roderigo Dos Passos (b.1896), US writer (Manhattan Transfer), died.
1970        Sep 28, In Egypt Pres. Gamal Abdul Nasser (b.1918) died of a heart attack. He became president in 1953. Anwar Sadat replaced Nasser.

1970        Sep, “The Partridge Family" began airing on ABC and continued to 1974.
    (SFC, 4/29/15, p.D5)
1970        Sep, Ford introduced the compact 1971 Pinto. The car became infamous for its lethally exploding gas tank. The car lasted to 1980.
    (www.allpar.com/amc/gremlin.html)(SFC, 3/14/05, p.A10)
1970        Sep, GM introduced the compact 1971 Chevrolet Vega. The car was released in 1971 and lasted to 1977. The aluminum and cast-iron engine kept breaking.
    (www.allpar.com/amc/gremlin.html)(SFC, 3/14/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/22/08, p.B2)
1970        Sep, The Who, an English rock band, released "See Me, Feel Me," the finale of its Tommy album, as a single in the US.
1970        Sep, In Jordan during "Black September" army troops loyal to King Hussein put down a revolt by Palestinian guerrillas, who demanded the ouster of the King. Cmdr. Habes al-Majali (d.2001 at 87) crushed the rebellion led by followers of Yasser Arafat.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/24/01, p.B2)

1970        Oct 2, A plane carrying the Wichita State Univ. football team crashed near Silver Plume, Colorado,  killing 29 passengers as well as the Captain and Flight Attendant.

1970        Oct 3, "Coco" closed at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 333 performances.
1970        Oct 3,  Baseball umpires called their 1st strike. A one-day strike of the first game of the championship playoffs, the first by umpires in major league history, prompted the league presidents to recognize the Association and negotiate a labor contract that set a minimum salary of $11,000 and raised the average salary to $21,000.

1970        Oct 4, Janis Joplin (b.1943) was found dead in a seedy Hollywood motel of a heroin overdose at age 27. Her classic songs included: "Down on Me," "Ball and Chain," and "Piece of My Heart." In 1992 Laura Joplin authored “Love, Janis."
    (WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(SFEC, 3/16/97, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 8/21/05, p.F1)

1970        Oct 5, National Educational Television (NET), the forerunner of Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), commenced broadcasting following its merger with station WNDT Newark, New Jersey, to form WNET. In 1973 it merged with Educational Television Stations.
1970        Oct 5, British trade commissioner James Richard Cross was kidnapped in Canada by militant Quebec separatists; he was released the following December.
    (AP, 10/5/00)

1970        Oct 6, Elvis Presley recorded "You Don't Have To Say You Love Me."

1970        Oct 7, Pres. Nixon in a televised speech proposed a cease-fire-in-place for Indochina and the negotiated withdrawal of US troops from Vietnam.
    (WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-19)(http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/keyevents/Nixon)

1970        Oct 8, Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (AP, 10/8/97)

1970        Oct 9, The Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declared independence.

1970        Oct 10, Former Illinois Secretary of State Paul Powell (b.1902) died. Investigators soon found nearly half a million dollars in cash and checks, from unsuspecting drivers paying for their license plates, crammed into shoe boxes inside his hotel room.
1970        Oct 10, In the October Crisis Quebec Provincial Labor Minister Pierre Laporte and the British trade commissioner James Cross were kidnapped by the left-wing, nationalist Front de Liberation du Quebec, Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ), a militant separatist group. Laporte's body was found about a week later. Mr. Cross was released but Mr. LaPorte was found dead strangled in the trunk of a car. The Canadian government refused to pay a ransom. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau responded by suspending civil liberties in Quebec and invoking the War Measures Act, and sending over 1,000 troops to the French-Canadian province.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(AP, 10/10/97)
1970        Oct 10, The South Pacific island of Fiji became independent after nearly a century of British rule. Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (d.2004) became Fiji's first prime minister. Fiji’s military at this time numbered about 200.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 10/10/97)(AP, 4/19/04)(WSJ, 9/29/07, p.A6)
1970        Oct 10, Edouard Daladier (b.1884), 3 time premier of France (1933, 1934, 1938-40), died.

1970        Oct 12, President Richard Nixon announced the pullout of 40,000 more American troops in Vietnam by Christmas.
    (HN, 10/12/98)
1970        Oct 12, In Quebec, Canada, the "October Crises" continued. PM Pierre Trudeau imposed martial law in Quebec and sent troops into Montreal because of bombings and killings by the Quebec Liberation Front.
    (SFC, 10/3/96, p.C6)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A20)(SFC,12/27/97, p.A12)

1970        Oct 13, Canada established diplomatic relations with China.

1970        Oct 14, San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park Conservatory was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

1970        Oct 15, Pres. Nixon signed the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO). It provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization.
1970        Oct 15, Anwar Sadat (1918-1981) succeeded the late Gamal Abdel Nasser as president of Egypt. Sadat had worked with Nasser to overthrow Egypt‘s monarchy and was imprisoned during World War II for his ties to the Germans. After the revolution in 1952, he held key posts under Nasser including that of vice president (1964-66 and 1969-70). In 1973, he led Egypt into a war with Israel, but five years later negotiated the Camp David Accords with Israeli premier Menachem Begin for which both men received the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated by Muslim extremists in 1981.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anwar_Sadat)(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A19)(HNQ, 7/30/00)

1970        Oct 17, Pierre Laporte (b.1921), the Quebec minister of labor, was found strangled to death 7 days after his kidnapping by the Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ).

1970          Oct 19, Amdahl Corp., a manufacturer of IBM mainframe compatible products, was formed at Sunnyvale, California by Dr. Gene Amdahl, a former IBM employee. In 1997 it became a wholly owned subsidiary of Fujitsu.
1970        Oct 19, John Linley Frazier murdered Dr. Victor Ohta, his wife, 2 children and secretary in Santa Cruz, Ca. He was convicted in Dec. 1971, and sentenced to death. The sentence was changed to life in prison after the state Supreme Court struck down capital punishment in California. In 2009 Frazier (62) committed suicide at Mule Creek State Prison.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/frazier.htm)(SFC, 1/27/05, p.B7)(SFC, 8/20/09, p.D6)
1970        Oct 19, In SF police officer Harold Hamilton was killed after responding to a bank robbery at the Wells Fargo branch at Seventh and Clement Street. Later several officers were wounded when a bomb exploded outside Hamilton’s funeral at St. Brendan Church.
    (SFC, 1/27/07, p.A8)

1970        Oct 21, John T. Scopes (b.1900), US teacher in the 1925 Scopes "monkey trial," died.
1970        Oct 21, In South Korea 777 Unification church couples were wed.

1970        Oct 24, The X24A lifting body exceeded Mach 1. The X-24A was the Martin Corporation's subsonic test version of the US Air Force's preferred manned lifting body configuration. The lifting bodies were used to demonstrate the ability of pilots to maneuver and safely land wingless vehicles designed to fly back to Earth from space and be landed like an airplane at a predetermined site.
    (NPub, 2002, p.22)(www.dfrc.nasa.gov/Gallery/Movie/X-24A/index.html)
1970        Oct 24, Richard Hofstadter, US historian, died at 54. In 2006 David S. Brown authored “Richard Hofstadter: An Intellectual Biography."
    (http://tinyurl.com/f9ty4)(WSJ, 5/13/06, p.P8)

1970        Oct 25, In Chile a US CIA-backed kidnapping attempt was botched and left Gen. Rene Schneider dead. Schneider had opposed a US plan for a military coup. In 2001 his widow and 3 sons filed a suit against Henry Kissinger, Richard Helms and several other former US bureaucrats.
    (SFC, 9/12/01, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Schneider)

1970        Oct 26, Pres. Nixon signed Executive Order 11566  ordered the establishment of the Consumer Information Center (CIC).
    (WSJ, 1/8/97, p.A18)(www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=59087)
1970        Oct 26, Congress passed Public Law 91-508, the US Bank Secrecy Act, which required that banks maintain records of wire transfers of more than $3000 and report cash transactions of more than $10,000.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A2)(www.irs.gov/irm/part4/ch24s05.html)
1970        Oct 26, Gary Trudeau's comic strip "Doonesbury" first appeared. The SF Chronicle began to carry the "Doonesbury" cartoon of Garry Trudeau under editor George Stanleigh Arnold (d.1997 at 78).
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A26)(HN, 10/26/00)

1970        Oct 27, President Richard Nixon signed the Controlled Substance Act into law. The CSA classified marijuana, heroin and LSD as “schedule I," drugs with no accepted medical use. People arrested for drug offences then rose from an initial 416,000 per year to 1,890,000 per year in 2007. Psilocybin and psilocyn were also scheduled under the CSA as Schedule I drugs, the mushrooms themselves are not scheduled. The CSA implemented the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic drugs. Cocaine was first listed in the US Controlled Substances Act. Until that point, the use of cocaine was open and rarely prosecuted in the US due to the moral and physical debates commonly discussed.
    (https://www.singlecare.com/blog/controlled-substances-act/)(WSJ, 2/8/05, p.D7) (Econ, 12/15/07, p.38)(Econ, 2/23/13, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocaine)

1970        Oct 28, In Canada Gerald Regan (b.1928) became premier of Nova Scotia and continued to 1978. In 1995 charges were filed that he sexually assaulted 2 girls (14) in 1956 and another young woman (18) in 1969. He was tried in 1998 at age 70. He was acquitted by a jury as 19 other women came forward with charges of sexual assault.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C9)(SFEC, 12/20/98, p.A35)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Regan)

1970        Oct, "Engine Number 9" by Wilson Pickett (d.2006) peaked at #14 on the pop singles chart.
1970        Oct, David Baltimore (37) of MIT won a Nobel Prize for discovering the reverse transcriptase enzyme. In 2001 Shane Crotty authored "Ahead of the Curve," an account of Baltimore’s work and ten year defense over a 1986 controversy over scientific data and the work of junior colleague Thereza Imanishi-Kari.
    (WSJ, 8/1/01, p.A12)
1970        Oct, The Nobel Peace Prize was won by Norman Borlaug (1914-2009) for his development of high-yield wheat varieties for which he was dubbed father of the "Green Revolution." In 2006 Leon Hesser authored "The Man Who Fed the World," a biography of Borlaug.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Borlaug)(WSJ, 9/5/06, p.D8)(SFC, 9/14/09, p.A7)
1970        Oct, The Nobel Prize for Physics was won by Louis Neel (d.2000 at 95) of France for discoveries about magnetic fields and Hanes Alfven of Sweden for work on interactions between plasmas and magnetic fields.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A23)
1970        Oct, Paul Samuelson (1915-2009), American economist and MIT professor, won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his effort to bring mathematical analysis into economics.
    (SFC, 12/14/09, p.D1)
1970        Oct, Britain’s council workers went on strike.
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.104)
1970        Oct, China began construction of the 1,160 mile Tazara Railway between Lusaka, Zambia and the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam. China brought in its own workers for the project, which in 1976 finished ahead of schedule.
    (www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/ziliao/3602/3604/t18009.htm)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.54)

1970        Nov 1, A discotheque near Grenoble, France, burned. All exits were padlocked and 142 people died.

1970        Nov 3, President Nixon delivered a speech to explain why American troops in Vietnam had invaded the neutral country of Cambodia.
1970        Nov 3, California Gov. Reagan won a 2nd term. He defeated Jesse Unruh.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)
1970        Nov 3, Rev. Robert Drinan (1920-2007), a Jesuit priest, was elected US congressman from Massachusetts. He later became the 1st member of Congress to call for the impeachment of Pres. Nixon due to the administration’s undeclared war in Cambodia.
    (SFC, 1/30/07, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Drinan)
1970        Nov 3, Salvador Allende was inaugurated as president of Chile. He was elected with 36% of the vote, only 40,000 ahead of the candidate of the right.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)
1970        Nov 3, King Peter II Karadjordjevic of Yugoslavia died in a hospital in Denver, Colorado. He had been forced into exile three weeks after his country was invaded by Nazi Germany. He was buried in the Liberty Easter Serbian Orthodox Monastery in Liberty, Illinois. He was the 1st European king or queen to die and be buried in the US. In 2013 his remains, and those of his wife, mother and brother, were interred in the family tomb at St. George church in Oplenac, central Serbia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_II_of_Yugoslavia)(AP, 5/26/13)
1970        Nov 3, An Australian bomber crashed in Vietnam near the Laos border. The bodies of Flying Officer Michael Herbert (24) and navigator, Pilot Officer Robert Carver (24), were listed as missing until their remains were discovered in 2009. They were the last of Australia’s Vietnam era MIAs.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

1970        Nov 4, The story of Genie (b.1957), pseudonym for a feral child who was the victim of extraordinarily severe abuse, neglect and social isolation, came to the attention of Los Angeles child welfare authorities. Her father kept her locked alone in a room from the age of 20 months to 13 years, 7 months, almost always strapped to a child's toilet or bound in a crib with her arms and legs completely immobilized. During this time she was never exposed to any significant amount of speech, and as a result she did not acquire a first language during childhood.  In 1994 a book was written about her case by Russ Rymer.
1970        Nov 4, Andre Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist, formed a Human Rights Committee.

1970        Nov 6, Augustin Lara (b.1897), Mexican composer, died. At the time of his death, Lara had written more than 700 songs.

1970        Nov 9, Charles De Gaulle (b.1890), former French president (1959-1969), died. In 1996 Daniel Mahoney published "De Gaulle: Statesmanship, Grandeur, and Modern Democracy."  Michel Droit (d.2000 at 77) authored the 5-volume “Man of Destiny" (1972), widely regarded as the most thorough examination of de Gaulle’s life and work.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_de_Gaulle)(AP, 11/9/97)(WSJ, 1/19/98, p.A20)(SFC, 6/23/00, p.D5)

1970        Nov 10, The Soviet Union launched Luna 17, an unmanned space mission of the Luna program, towards the moon.

1970        Nov 11, Stevie Wonder sang "Heaven Help Us All" on the Johnny Cash show.

1970        Nov 12, A 240 KPH cyclone hit East Pakistan (Bangladesh) [see Nov 13].
    (SSFC, 9/5/04, p.9)(www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)
1970        Nov 12, Hafez al-Assad (1930-2000), Syrian defense minister, had his opponents arrested and took full control of Syria.

1970        Nov 13, The Bhola Cyclone killed an estimated 300,000 in East Pakistan (Bangladesh). The highest loss of life and destruction occurred on the low lying islands of the Ganges Delta south of Dhaka. In particular the island and district of Bhola, where casualties may have exceeded 100,000 alone, with the towns of Charfasson and Tazumuddin being devastated. The city of Chittagong was also badly affected. The official death toll was put at 150,000, with 100,000 people missing. However many estimates put the true figure as high as 500,000.
    (SFEC, 9/5/04, p.6)(http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0397.htm)
1970        Nov 13, Bessie Braddock (b.1899), British Labour politician, died. She was known as an ardent socialist and fiery campaigner, nicknamed 'Battling Bessie', her special interests included maternity, child welfare and youth crime.

1970        Nov 14, The Marshall Univ. football team of Huntington, West Virginia, was wiped out in air crash of a Southern Airways DC-9 at Kenova, WV. All 75 people on board were killed.

1970        Nov 16, Yemen’s Saba News Agency (SABA), also known as the Yemen News Agency, was founded as the official state news agency of Yemen and headquartered in Sanaa.

1970        Nov 17, The Soviet Union landed an unmanned, remote-controlled vehicle on the moon, the Lunokhod 1. The spacecraft which carried Lunokhod 1 was named Luna 17.
    (AP, 11/17/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunokhod_1)

1970        Nov 18, US President Richard Nixon requested Congress to approve $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government. $85 million was later allocated for military assistance. Cambodia’s PM Lon Nol (1913-1985) had officially invited the US to extend the war in Vietnam into Cambodia to wreck the Ho Chi Minh supply trail.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lon_Nol)
1970        Nov 18, Warren Harding (d.2002 at 77) and Dean Caldwell scaled a new route up El Capitan in Yosemite Valley after a 27 days effort. Harding 1st scaled El Capitan in 1958.
    (SFC, 3/9/02, p.A24)

1970        Nov 20, In Oklahoma 3 teenagers in a Chevrolet Camaro failed to return home after a high school football game. In 2013 divers on a training exercize discovered Their skeletal remains in a Camaro in Foss Lake.
    (SFC, 9/19/13, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/m9owvbn)
1970        Nov 20, UN General Assembly accepted membership of the People’s Republic of China.

1970        Nov 21, US Army Special Forces raided the Son Tay prison camp in North Vietnam but found no prisoners. It would be later learned that the POWs had been relocated to Dong Hoi, on July 14. The POWs were moved because the well in the compound had dried up and the nearby Song Con River had begun to overflow its banks. This flooding problem, not a security leak, resulted in the prisoners being transported to Dong Hoi to a new prison nicknamed "Camp Faith." US planes conduct widespread bombing raids in North Vietnam.
    (www.psywarrior.com/sontay.html)(HN, 11/21/99)

1970        Nov 23, George Harrison released "My Sweet Lord" in the US.

1970        Nov 25, Walter Hickel (1919-2010), former governor of Alaska and US Secretary of the Interior, was fired by Pres. Nixon after sending Nixon a letter critical of how the president handled student protests following the National Guard shootings at Kent State.
    (AH, 10/04, p.42)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wally_Hickel)
1970        Nov 25, Yukio Mishima (45), Japanese author and nationalist (Hara-kiri), invaded military headquarters in Tokyo and committed ritual suicide samurai-style. His death was an act of protest after he failed to persuade the country's Self Defense Force to stage a coup and renounce the US-imposed postwar constitution that banned Japanese aggressive military action. His books included "The Sound of Waves" and "The Temple and the Golden Pavilion." In 1998 Jiro Fukushima published a memoir that contained 15 letters from Mishima and descriptions of a sexual liaison with Mishima. A lawsuit soon halted book sales.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.B7)

1970        Nov 27, Native American gathered in Plymouth, Mass., to hold their first National Day of Mourning.
    (USA Today, 11/27,19, p.4B)
1970        Nov 27, George Harrison released his solo album "All Things Must Pass." He became the 1st Beatle to have a solo No. 1 hit with "My Sweet Lord."
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Things_Must_Pass)
1970        Nov 27, Syria joined a pact linking Libya, Egypt and Sudan.
    (HN, 11/27/98)
1970        Nov 27, Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was slightly wounded at the Manila airport by Benjamin Mendoza, a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

1970        Nov 28, "I Hear You Knocking" by Dave Edmunds" peaked at #1 on the U.K. pop singles chart and stayed there for seven weeks.
1970        Nov 28, "Montego Bay" by Bobby Bloom peaked at #8 on the pop singles chart.

1970        Nov 29, The orchestral work "Yale-Princeton" by Charles Ives premiered in NYC.

1970        Nov, The Sun, a British tabloid newly acquired by Rupert Murdoch, introduced topless photos on Page 3.
    (Econ, 8/17/13, p.50)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Page_3)

1970         Dec 1, In Mexico Pres. Luis Echeverria succeeded Gustav Diaz Ortaz and continued to 1976. He began with populist approach and later devalued the peso, starting a tradition of currency instability and economic crises.
    (WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)

1970        Dec 2, The US Senate voted to give 48,000 acres of New Mexico back to the Taos Indians.
    (HN, 12/2/98)
1970        Dec 2, The Environmental Protection Agency began operating under director William Ruckelshaus. Pres. Nixon appointed a 3-member Council on Environmental Quality that included journalist Robert Cahn (d.1997 at 80). It was the first centralized White House office to advise the president on environmental matters. Cahn served to 1972. President Nixon created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA took over certain functions previously handled by the departments of the Interior, Agriculture and Health, Education and Welfare in an effort to set and enforce national pollution-control standards. The first task it was given was the administration of the Clean Air Act, passed that same year. Currently, the EPA enforces 12 federal statutes ranging from safe drinking water to pesticide use.
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A17)(AP, 12/2/97)(HNQ, 4/16/01)

1970        Dec 7, Rube Goldberg (87), US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), died.
1970        Dec 7, In Pakistan polling began for 300 seats in the National Assembly. The Awami League, led by Sheik Mujibur Rahman, emerged as the single largest party in the National Assembly by winning 160 seats. It was also able to win 288 out of 300 seats in the East Pakistan Assembly. However, the party failed to win even a single seat in the four Provincial Assemblies of West Pakistan. The Pakistan People’s Party, led by landlord Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, won a majority in West Pakistan. Mr. Bhutto and military leader, Gen. Yahya Khan, refused to honor the results.
    (www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A140&Pg=2)(Econ, 9/21/13, p.90)
1970        Dec 7, Poland and West Germany signed a pact renouncing use of force to settle disputes, recognizing the Oder-Neisse River as Poland's western frontier, and acknowledging transfer to Poland of 40,000 square miles of former German territory.
    (HN, 12/7/98)

1970        Dec 10, Ford elected Lee Iacocca (b.1924) as president.

1970        Dec 11, Walt Disney's "Aristocats" was released.

1970        Dec 13, In Poland Gen. Jaruzelski imposed martial law.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.D3)

1970        Dec 17, In Poland riot police under orders from defense minister Gen'l. Wojciech Jaruzelski opened fire on workers protesting food price increases and 44 people were killed in Gdansk, Gdynia, Szczecin, and Elblag. A case against Jaruzelski was opened in 1996 and in 1999 a court ruled that medical reasons would not exempt him from trial. The Jaruzelski trial began in 2001.
    (SFC, 8/28/99, p.A14)(SFC, 5/16/01, p.D3)

1970        Dec 18, "Me Nobody Knows" opened at Helen Hayes Theater in NYC for 587 performances.
1970        Dec 18, An atomic leak in Nevada forced hundreds to flee the test site.
    (HN, 12/18/98)
1970        Dec 18, In Poland rioting continued. Troops and tanks patrolled Polish streets. 20 people were killed in the riots as they protested increased. food prices.

1970        Dec 21, A meeting took place between Elvis Presley and President Nixon as Elvis sought to get the credentials of a Federal Agent to help Nixon fight drugs. The meeting remained secret until The Washington Post broke the story on Jan. 27, 1972.
    (AP, 1/8/07)

1970        Dec 22, Treblinka SS commander Franz Stangl (b.1908) was sentenced to life in prison. He was responsible for the murder of approximately 900,000 people in the period 1941-1943.

1970        Dec 23, In NYC construction workers place the highest steel on the highest building in the world, the World Trade Center.
1970        Dec 23, French journalist Regis Debray (b.1940), arrested in 1967, was freed in Bolivia.
1970        Dec 24, A US Animal Welfare Act was passed expanding the list of animals covered by the 1966 Animal Welfare Act. It included guidelines for the use and care of laboratory animals.
1970        Dec 24, Nine GIs were killed and nine wounded by friendly fire in Vietnam.
    (HN, 12/24/98)

1970        Dec 25, Federico Fellini’s “The Clowns," part documentary and part fantasy, was released in Italy for television and the next day as a film.
    (SFC, 1/12/15, p.A6)(TVM, 1977, p.139)

1970        Dec 27, "Hello, Dolly!" closed at the St. James Theater on Broadway after a run of 2,844 performances.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(www.nodanw.com/shows_h/hello_dolly.htm)

1970        Dec 31, Pres. Nixon signed US Public Law 91-604 amending the Clean Air Act to control smog but not global warning. Catalytic converters designed to reduce smog were produced by the automobile companies. In 1998 it was reported that the nitrous oxide comprised 7.2% of the gases in global warming. Catalytic converters produced nearly half of this nitrous oxide.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A2)(http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=2874)
1970        Dec 31, Congress authorized the Eisenhower dollar coin.
1970        Dec 31, Congress amended the Bank Holding Act to tighten the Fed’s authority to supervise bank expansion.
    (WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6ykabd)
1970        Dec 31, Lorine Niedecker (b.1903), died. She was a Wisconsin-born objectivist-influenced poet.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorine_Niedecker)
1970        Dec 31, Paul McCartney filed a lawsuit to dissolve the Beatles’ partnership.
1970        Dec 31, President Allende nationalized the Chilean coal mines.

1970        Dec, Derek and the Dominos, featuring Eric Clapton, released their “Layla" album.
1970        Dec, The US Institute of Medicine was formed as a component of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. John Hogness (1922-2007) served as its first president.
    (http://www7.nationalacademies.org/archives/Board_on_Medicine.html)(SFC, 7/16/07, p.C6)

1970        Theodore Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) painted "A Plethora of Cats."

1970        NY performance artist Joan Jonas in “Mirror Check" stood naked before an audience inspecting her body with a small round mirror in a silent commentary on women’s fixation with self-image.
    (Econ, 10/4/14, p.92)

1970        Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997), American pop artist, created his color lithograph, screen print: "Peace Through Chemistry II."
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Lichtenstein)

1970        Frank Stella (b.1936), American painter, created his abstract acrylic painting “Firuzabad."
    (SFC, 6/17/04, p.E1)

1970        Robert Smithson (1938-1973), American minimalist land artist, created his “Spiral Jetty," a 1,500 foot coil of rock extending from the shore of Utah’s Great Salt Lake.
    (WSJ, 10/29/05, p.P16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Smithson)

1970        Richard Bach (b.1936), American writer, authored his novel "Jonathan Livingston Seagull."
    (SFC, 6/27/00, p.A23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Bach)

1970        Richard N. Bolles (1927-2017), self-published “What Color Is Your Parachute: A Practical manual for Job Hunters and Career Changers." In 1972 it was recast to appeal to a wider audience. In 1979 it reached the NY Times Best Seller list.
    (SFC, 4/4/17, p.D1)

1970        Jim Bouton (b.1939) published his controversial "Ball Four."

1970        Dee Brown (1908-2002), American writer, published "Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee,"  a history of Native Americans in the American West in the late nineteenth century and their displacement and slaughter by the United States federal government.   

1970        J. Desmond Clark (d.2002), professor at UC Berkeley, authored "The Pre-history of Africa."
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A25)

1970        Michel Crozier (1922-2013), French sociologist, authored “The Blocked Society".

1970        James Dickey (1923-1997), American author, published his novel "Deliverance."
    (SFC,1/21/97, p.A20)

1970        Shulamith Firestone (1945-2012) authored “The Dialectic of Sex: The Case For Feminist Revolution."
    (SFC, 9/4/12, p.C4)

1970        Germaine Greer (b.1939), Australian academic writer, published "The Female Eunuch." The work insisted on women's right to free sexuality and vaginal pleasure. In 1999 Christine Wallace published the biography: "Germaine Greer: Untamed Shrew."
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germaine_Greer)

1970        Vertamae Smart-Grosvenor (1937-2016), South Carolina-born Gullah writer and culinary griot, authored “Vibration Cooking: or The Travel Notes of a Geechee Girl."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vertamae_Smart-Grosvenor)(Econ, 9/24/16, p.86)

1970        Tony Hillerman (1925-2008), American writer, introduced Lt. Joe Leaphorn in his first detective novel "The Blessing Way," as an experienced police officer who understood, but did not share his people's traditional belief in a rich spirit world. Officer Jim Chee, introduced in "People of Darkness" (1978), was a younger officer studying to become a "hathaali" — Navajo for "shaman."
    (AP, 10/27/08)

1970        Albert HJirschman authored “Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations and States."
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.106)

1970        Dr. Arthur Janov (1924-2017) authored his int’l. bestseller “The Primal Scream," a book that revolutionized the world of psychotherapy.
    (www.primaltherapy.com/SEO/items_books.shtml)(SSFC, 10/8/17, p.C10)

1970        Joseph Lieberman authored "The Scorpion and the Tarantula: The Struggle to Control Atomic Weapons 1945-1969." Lieberman stood as the Democratic candidate for vice-president with Al Gore in 2000.
    (WSJ, 8/30/00, p.A26)

1970        Susan Lydon (1943-2005) authored the feminist essay “The Politics of Orgasm" in the Rolling Stone rock magazine.
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.A19)

1970        Malachi Martin (d.1999 at 78), an Irish-born former Jesuit, published "The Encounter," a study of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D8)

1970        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote "The Quality of Life."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1970        George L. Mosse (1918-1999), a Univ. of Wisconsin historian, published "Germans and Jews: The Right, the Left, and the Search for a 'Third Force' in Pre-Nazi Germany."
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Mosse)

1970        Lewis Mumford (1895-1990), American historian of technology and science, published "The Myth of the Machine."
    (Wired, 8/96, p.168)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Mumford)

1970        Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lanka-born writer, authored his novel "The Collected Works of Billy the Kid."
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, DB p.70)

1970        Linus Pauling (1901-1994) authored “Vitamin C and the Common Cold" in which he declared that large doses of Vitamin C could ward off colds.

1970        Robert Peterson (1906-2006) authored “Only the Ball Was White," the first history of baseball’s US Negro Leagues.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)

1970        Charles A. Reich (b.1928), a professor at Yale Univ. Law School, published his "Greening of America" first in the New Yorker and then as a book. In this work Reich predicted that "something called Consciousness III would soon create a social revolution by wiping out its ugly forbear, Consciousness II."  In 1995 he published a new book, "Opposing the System," wherein he explained why the greening of America never took place. In 2000 Roger Kimball followed the thread with "The Long March." "…everything is sucked through the sieve of politics and the ideology of victimhood."
    (WSJ, 10/3/95, p.A-18)(WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_A._Reich)

1970        Richard Scammon (1915-2001) and Ben J. Wattenberg (b.1933) authored "The Real Majority." They argued that the Democratic Party needed to focus on social issues in order to survive.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A27)

1970        Stephen Schmidt in his “Astrology 14" advocated a 14-sign zodiac, introducing Ophiuchus (December 6 to December 31) and Cetus (May 12 to June 6) as new signs. Within 20-century sidereal astrology the idea was taken up by Walter Berg in his “The 13 Signs of the Zodiac" (1995). Berg's book was published in Japan in 1996 and became a bestseller.

1970        Yasundo Takahashi (1912-1996), professor at UC Berkeley, wrote his textbook "Control and Dynamic Systems." It became a standard reference in the field of control engineering, the study of how machines work.

1970        Alvin Toffler (b.1928) "Future Shock," and argued that technology was changing so rapidly that individuals could find themselves strangers in their own cultures.
    (HN, 10/4/00)(NW, 9/16/02, p.34D)

1970        "Slag," the first major play by English dramatist David Hare (b.1947), had its premier.
    (WSJ, 7/16/97, p.A20)

1970        Harold Pinter wrote his play "Old Times."
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.D1)

1970        Gill Scott-Heron authored his lyric “The Revolution Will Not be Televised," a diatribe against the mass media’s trivialization of social upheaval.

1970        Carlisle Floyd composed an operatic version of John Steinbeck’s "Of Mice and Men." The world premiere was done by the Seattle Opera.
    (WSJ, 7/15/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A20)

1970        Freda Payne (b.1942) made a smash hit with the song "Band of Gold."

1970        The Shostakovich (1906-1975) 13th symphony "Babi Yar," smuggled on microfilm to the US, was premiered in the US by the Philadelphia Orchestra.
    (WSJ, 6/29/99, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/69xuxx)

1970        Edwin Starr (d.2003 at 61), Nashville-born soul singer, hit No. 1 with "War."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_(Edwin_Starr_song))

1970        The first issue of the Smithsonian Mag. was published and sent to 160,000 readers. It was the creation of S. Dillon Ripley, then Sec. of the Smithsonian Inst., and Edward K. Thompson (1907-1996), former managing editor of Life. Thompson was editor and publisher of the Smithsonian from 1969-1981.
    (Smith., 4/95, p.27)(SFC, 10/10/96, p.C6)

1970        The TV news show "Agronsky & Company," WTOP-TV, was the first to feature news reporters talking among themselves. Martin Zama Agronsky (b.1915) died in 1999 at age 84.
    (SFC, 7/26/99, p.A22)

1970        The TV show "Wall Street Week" started with Louis Rukeyser. The last program was scheduled for June 28, 2002.
    (SFC, 3/22/02, p.B5)   

1970        Virginia Graham (1912-1998), American daytime television talk show host, began "The Virginia Graham Show" on TV and continued to 1972.
    (SFC, 12/25/98, p.B6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Graham)

1970        The Flip Wilson Show began on TV. It ran to 1974. Wilson died in 1998 at age 64.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B9)

1970        "The Phil Donohue Show" began on TV. It ran to 1996.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)

1970        Wayne Shorter and keyboardist Joe Zawinful formed the pioneering fusion band Weather Report.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, DB p.35)

1970        Jerry Garcia expressed his musical credo in "The Wheel":
    The Wheel is turning         - And you can't slow it down
    You can't let go                 - And you can't hold on
    You can't go back            - And you can't stand still
    If the thunder don't get you    - Then the lightning will
    The members of the Grateful Dead were pictured in a photo: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron Mckernan, Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, and Phil Lesh. The Dead song "Friend of the Devil" was on the "American Beauty Album."   
    (WSJ, 1/30/96, p.A-12)(SFC, 5/26/96, DB p.31)(SFC, 10/23/00, p.F3)

1970        Johnny and June Carter Cash won a Grammy for the song "If I Were a Carpenter" written by Tim Hardin.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A24)

1970        The rock group Blood, Sweat & Tears made a historic tour of eastern Europe. They began playing in Greenwich Village from a group composed of the best players in town. Their first album was "Child Is Father to the Man." Their 2nd album included the hit "Spinning Wheel."
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.66)

1970        Marvin Gaye recorded "What’s Going On," a tale of confusion about the state of America prompted by his brother’s return from Vietnam.
    (WSJ, 5/8/01, p.A24)

1970        Steve Goodman (1948-1984) wrote City of New Orleans, a song which would eventually be called by many people "the best train song ever written." Steve pitched the song to Arlo Guthrie, and in 1972, Arlo included the song on his album Hobo's Lullaby (1972). It was then released as a single and became a big-time hit record. Steve always thanked Arlo for recording the song, and for making it possible for Steve to do what he loved -- playing music for a living.

1970        The rock band Mountain released its debut album "Climbing." The group included bassist Felix Pappalardi (1939-1983), guitarist Leslie West (1945-2020), keyboardist Steve Knight and drummer N. D. Smart.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_(band))(SSFC, 12/27/20, p.C11)

1970        T. Rex, a British rock band, initiated the glam-rock, aka glitter rock, period with their hit single "Ride a White Swan." The 1998 film "Velvet Goldmine" chronicled the era.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.B1)

1970        Bill Monroe was named to the Country Music Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 9/10/96, p.A17)

1970        A Detroit singer named Sixto Diaz Rodriguez (b.1942 released his album, “Cold Fact." The album did not do well in the US but bootleg copies made it to South Africa and Australia and sold some half million copies. In 2012 Malik Bendjelloul directed the documentary “Searching for Sugar Man," about two men’s search for what happened to the singer. 
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sixto_Diaz_Rodriguez)

1970        Santana made a hit with "Oye Como Va." It was written and composed by Latin jazz and mambo musician Tito Puente in 1963 and popularized by Santana's cover of the song on their album Abraxas.
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oye_Como_Va)

1970        Paolo Soleri (b.1919), Italian-American architect, led the ground breaking at Arcosanti, a model ecocity in the high Arizona desert. It was a prototype arcology designed for 5,000 residents, combining compact buildings with huge solar greenhouses on a 4,000 acre preserve about 60 miles north of Phoenix. Soleri projected a people density of 215 per acre vs. 72 in Delhi and 33 per acre in New York City. Since then some 6,000 architectural students have come to help with the building and learning about its design. The site attracted some 50,000 visitors every year.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 28)(AP, 10/15/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paolo_Soleri)

1970        Orville Redenbacker’s Gourmet Popping corn was launched at Chicago’s Marshall Field’s. Partners Charlie Bowman (1919-2009) and Orville Redenbacker (1907-1995) sold the popular brand in 1976 to Hunt-Wessen Foods Inc. The company was later acquired by ConAgra Foods.
    (WSJ, 4/18/09, p.A4)

1970        Dr. Robert Schuller, minister of the Reformed Church of America, began his Sunday TV show "Hour of Power."
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, Par p.18)

1970        William Pierce (d.2002), a former American Nazi Party officer, joined the neo-Nazi National Alliance and began to restructure the organization. He later wrote "the Turner Diaries." The Alliance had begun as a youth organization to support the presidential campaign of Gov. George Wallace. It chronicled the "liberation" of America from the Jews, and described the bombing of the FBI headquarters and a mortar attack on the Capitol.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.C6)(WSJ, 12/6/99, p.A32)(WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)

1970        Betty Crocker introduced Hamburger Helper.
    (AH, 6/07, p.11)

1970        Robert Earl Burton, aka "The Teacher," founded the Fellowship of Friends while living in Berkeley. The group incorporated in 1971 and moved to Yuba County, Ca., where they bought and cleared land with donations and volunteer labor on an estate called Apollo. The group’s philosophy was based on the teachings of George Gurdjieff and Peter Ouspensky. The group has been charged with brainwashing and sexual exploitation.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.A10)

1970        John W. Gardner (1912-2002), former Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under President Lyndon Johnson, founded Common Cause, a citizen’s lobby for the well-being of the nation.
    (SFC, 2/18/02, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_W._Gardner)

1970        Bill Griffith (b.1944) created the cartoon character "Zippy the Pinhead." In 1985 he began a daily strip of "Zippy" for the SF Chronicle.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Griffith)

1970        The US magazine “Foreign Policy" was founded by Samuel P. Huntington (1927-2008) and Warren Demian Manshel (1924-1990).
    (Econ, 12/18/10, p.166)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_Policy)

1970        The American Lung Association began its "Kick the Habit" antismoking campaign.
    (WSJ, 4/14/99, p.A1)

1970        Essence Magazine, marketed to African Americans, was founded.
    (WSJ, 6/9/99, p.B10)

1970        Cheryl Brown, Miss Iowa, became the first African-American finalist in the Miss America beauty pageant.

1970        The US census categorized the population as "White, Negro or Black, Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, American Indian, Hawaiian, Korean and other.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A21)
1970        Senate hearings on Agent Orange were conducted following articles in the New Yorker magazine by Thomas Whiteside. By the end of the hearings the surgeon general announced restrictions on the herbicide and shortly after the Defense Dept. stopped using it in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A23)
1970        The US sent a 5-dolphin team to Vietnam to guard the Army munitions pier at Cam Ranh Bay. The dolphins were in Vietnam for 6 months and the pier remained safe. It was blown up after they left.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.D1)(SFC, 5/18/10, p.C3)

1970        Robert Lee Vesco (1935-2007), head of Int’l. Controls Corp., bought Investment Overseas Services (IOS) for under $5 million gaining control of an estimated $400 million in funds, which he then plundered. Vesco fled the US in 1971.
    (SFC, 5/3/08, p.A6)

1970        Bruce Bent (b.1937) created The Reserve Fund, the first money fund. In 2008 the Reserve Primary Fund, in the wake of the Lehman Brothers failure, became the 2nd money fund to fall below $1. The first fund to fall below $1 was Community Bancshares in 1994. It was liquidated with a loss of 4 cents on the dollar.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.87)(www.antonnews.com/manhassetpress/2001/02/23/news/)(SFC, 9/17/08, p.C1)

1970        Chester Bowles (1901-1986), former governor of Connecticut and US ambassador to India and Nepal (1951-1953), wrote a piece in the NY Times titled “Will We Ever Learn in Asia." Here he outlined America’s alliance with Pakistan and prophesied that contradictions underlying the alliance would harm vital American interests.
    (SSFC, 1/6/08, p.E1)
1970        A NY Times Magazine article quoted Milton Friedman, economist, as follows: There is one and only one social responsibility of business, to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits." The only qualification being that it engage "in open and free competition without deception or fraud." Friedman held that an exchange rate is a price and that it was an infringement on human freedom to peg it. This was opposed to the view of economist Robert Mundell who held that an exchange rate is a promise and that to change it is to default on a commitment.
    (WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A10)

1970        The California Welfare Reform Act allowed women to receive public funding for abortions.
    (WSJ, 1/30/97, p.A16)
1970        The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) was approved by Gov. Ronald Reagan. It required developers to produce an environmental impact report on any new project.
    (PacDis, Summer ’97, p.13)(Econ, 3/16/13, p.29)
1970        Warren Winiarski and investors purchased an orchard next to Nathan Fay’s vineyard in Napa County, Ca., and began planting what would become Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars. His 1973 grapes became the Cabernet Sauvignon that won the famous 1976 tasting in Paris.
    (SFC, 1/5/06, p.F5)(SFC, 3/28/08, p.F4)
1970        The San Francisco Symphony under Josef Krips premiered the Viola Concerto by SFSU composer Roger Nixon (1921-2009), with Rolf Persinger as soloist.
    (SFC, 10/17/09, p.C3)
1970        The 580-room SF Holiday Inn at Fisherman’s Wharf, designed by Clement Chen Jr., a Shanghai native, was constructed. In 2005  it was renovated and re-flagged as a Hilton hotel.
    (SFC, 7/18/98, p.B1)(SFEC, 1/2/00, p.B1)(SFC, 3/17/05, p.C1)
1970        In San Francisco a dragon crested gate was erected at the Bush and Grant St. entrance to Chinatown.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.F8)
1970        In San Francisco Albert S. Samuels returned his 20-foot-tall clock to the jewelry store front at 856 Market St. where it had marked time since [1941] 1943, except for 1967-1970 when BART was under construction. [see 1915]
    (SFC, 3/19/98, p.C4)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.A1)
1970        Conductor Seiji Ozawa succeeded Josef Krips to lead the SF Symphony.
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, p.B9)
1970        In San Francisco Faith Petric (55) retired and began a new career as a folk singer. Petric had begun running the SF Folk Club (b.1948) in 1962 and soon began hosting meetings of the club at her Clayton street home.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.A14)
1970        In San Francisco Rev. Sri Swami Satchidananda (1914-2002) established his Integral Yoga Institute.
    (SFC, 8/20/02, p.A22)
1970        In San Francisco Rene Yanez (1942-2018) and Ralph Maradiaga co-founded the Galeria de la Raza to showcase the work of Latino and Chicano artists.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.E9)(http://tinyurl.com/y9ykgjke)(SFC, 6/1/18, p.D5)
1970        San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto named Alfred J. Nelder (d.2002 at 87) as police chief. Nelder served for 19 months.
    (SFC, 1/4/02, p.A23)
1970        In San Francisco D.B Jones (d.2000 at 66) began serving as founding executive director of Meals on Wheels.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.A26)
1970        In San Francisco Nadya J. McCann (b.Nadya Jacobova Moiseeva and d.1997 at 79), a 10 year resident from Hong Kong, formed McCann Shipping, a freight forwarding company.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)
1970        San Francisco’s Playland-at-the-Beach amusement park closed. The 1906 Charles Looff carousel that was there was moved to a Long Beach shopping center. It was scheduled to return to SF in Jun 1998 to the Yerba Buena Gardens.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.C4)(SFC, 1/29/98, p.A20)
1970        In San Francisco John Maher and residents at the apartment called Ellis Island, renamed their organization to re-integrate ex-cons as the Delancey Street Foundation.
    (SFEM, 12/22/96, p.5)
1970        Eight people were arrested in SF during a protest demanding freedom for Los Siete, six Latino youths on trial for killing a police officer.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, Z1 p.6)
1970        Franz Schurman (1926-2010), UC Berkeley sociologist and historian, co-founded the non-profit Pacific News Service (PNS) with Orville Schell  to get accurate news on the war in Vietnam.
    (SFC, 8/23/10, p.C4)(SFC, 11/27/17, p.A10)
1970        The submarine Drum was launched at Mare Island in the SF Bay. It was the last ship produced there.
    (SSFC, 8/11/02, p.C5)
1970        The UC Berkeley Art Museum on Bancroft Way was constructed.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.A15)
1970        The Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) of Xerox opened on the outskirts of Palo Alto. George Pake (1924-2004) ran the center until 1978. It was founded by Dr. Jacob Goldman (1921-2011).
    (SFC, 10/25/00, p.D1)(SFC, 3/11/04, p.C5)(SFC, 12/28/11, p.C5)
1970        Madge Short (d.1998 at 80) and Jane Saunders (50) co-founded The Body Shop in Berkeley, Ca. The name was sold to Britain’s Anita Roddick in 1987 for $3.5 million.
    (SFC, 1/5/99, p.A20)(SSFC, 5/16/04, p.F6)
1970        Ron Dellums (34) was elected as representative of the East Bay’s 7th Congressional District, Oakland, Ca. He was later re-elected by the 9th District and stayed in Congress for 27 years.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A1)
1970        A 10-cent walkway toll on the Golden Gate Bridge was eliminated. In 1998 a $1 walkway toll was proposed for pedestrians and bicyclists.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A19)
1970        The Marine Science Institute was founded in Redwood City, Ca., to monitor the South Bay.
    (SFC, 7/22/03, p.A12)
1970        San Ramon Village, Ca., first appeared as a separate census designation with a count of 4,084 people.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.P7)

1970        George Akerlof authored his article, "The Market for Lemons: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism", published in Quarterly Journal of Economics. Here he identified certain severe problems that afflict markets characterized by asymmetric information. The paper won him a Nobel Prize in 2001.

1970        Joseph Sax (1936-2014), American legal scholar, established a doctrine that natural resources are public trust in an article published in the Michigan Law Review.
    (SFC, 3/21/14, p.D2)

1970        Pat Bond (1926-2021), a NYC music teacher, founded an organization for masochists. After a few meetings, sadists were also invited. They named it the Eulenspiegel Society for Till Eulenspiegel, a character in German folklore who was cited as a symbol of masochism in “Masochism in Modern Man," a 1941 book by Theodor Reik, a protégé of Freud’s, that was one of the few texts at the time about this erotic minority.
    (NY Times, 5/11/21)
1970        New York City’s Off-Track Betting Corp. was created, in part to take gambling out of the hands of organized crime. In 2008 it was taken over by the state.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.36)
1970        Werner Stiefel, dermatology tycoon, initiated his Project Atlantis. In 1971 he launched a huge ferrocement boat into the Hudson River. It made it to the Bahamas but sank in a hurricane in the early 1970s.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, p.67)

1970        Dr. Frank F. Davis (1920-2021) developed PEGylation, a chemical camouflage process to protect the human immune system from rejecting foreign compounds. In 1979 he and two other scientists at Rutgers received a patent for the process.
    (SSFC, 6/20/21, p.F8)

1970        The Bob Jones Univ. in Greenville S.C., lost its federal tax exempt status due to its ban on interracial dating and marriage.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A3)

1970        Washington became the first state in the country to legalize elective abortions by a popular vote.
    (AP, 3/24/13)   

1970        American Sugar Company changed its name to Amstar Corp. and distributed its products under the Domino brand name.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1970        AT&T introduced customer dialing of int’l. long distance calls, initially between Manhattan and London.
    (WSJ, 2/2/05, p.A12)

1970        Dr. Hale E. Dougherty (d.2002) began marketing a Spiro Agnew wristwatch. It was a result of the current joke: "Did you know that Mickey Mouse wears a Spiro Agnew watch.
    (SFC, 1/3/03, p.A28)

1970        Royal Dutch/Shell Oil Co. had Norwegian crews install the huge (14,500 ton) Brent Spar oil rig in the North Sea. In 1995, after three years of controversy over dumping the rig in the deep sea, Shell agreed to tote it ashore someplace for dismantling.
    (WSJ, 6/22/95, p.A-14)

1970        Chrysler imported vehicles built by Mitsubishi Motors under the Dodge and Plymouth names.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1970        Honda discontinued the S800 2-seater after this model year. A new S2000 was introduced to the US in 1999.
    (USAT, 9/17/99, p.8D)

1970        Lou Menk (d.1999 at 81) merged the Great Northern, the Northern Pacific and the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroads to create the giant Burlington Northern Railroad.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)

1970        The over-the-counter stock market exchange was transformed into the NASDAQ, or National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation market. It is an electronic network of some 500 dealers who trade a list of about 4,800 stocks.
    (Hem, 8/95, p.78)

1970        Ted Turner (b.1938) bought an Atlanta UHF station and built it into the Turner Broadcasting System. He had inherited his father’s billboard business in 1962.
    (WSJ, 10/21/04, p.D8)(www.wordiq.com/definition/Ted_Turner)

1970        Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were developed to record environmental changes over large geographic areas and time. By 1995 electronic mapmaking software and demographics could be put on the desk top computer for $2000.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.57)

1970        The first electronic editing terminals were used by newspapers.
    (SFC, 1/29/00, p.E3)

1970        Intel Corp. brought out the 1103 DRAM, the world's first commercially produced memory chip and launched the personal-computer revolution.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, BR p.3)(http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa100898.htm)

1970        Pan American World Airways offered reservations for a flight to the moon and 93,000 people sign up.
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.71)

1970        Tom and Kate Chappell began producing a phosphate-free laundry detergent called Clearlake. Tom’s of Maine expanded to produce a natural toothpaste and in 2006 sold an 84% stake to Colgate-Palmolive for $100 million in cash.
    (SFC, 3/22/06, p.C3)

1970        Arthur Jones (1927-2007) invented the Nautilus exercise equipment.
    (SFC, 8/29/07, p.B7)

1970        Dr. John D. Anderson announced that radio signals bounced off of the Mariner VI spacecraft had returned with a time lag of 204 microseconds. At this time the spacecraft had reached a distance of about 2 1/2  times earth's average distance from the sun. It was a delay that fell within the error limits of Einstein’s theory and attributed to the effect of the sun's gravitation on the radio waves.
    (TNG, Klein, p.176)

1970        The US FDA approved lithium medication for manic depressives.
    (MT, Spg. ‘99, p.21)

1970        A vaccine against anthrax began to be used.
    (SFC, 1/22/99, p.A19)

1970        Geerat "Gary" Vermeij, a blind scientist, while studying mollusks in Guam, discovered that predators play a major role in determining how and why species change. In 1992 he was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship and in 1996 published "Privileged Hands: A Scientific Life."
    (SFC, 7/7/96, Par, p.15)

1970        The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) was founded in the US to protect public health and the environment.       
    (www.nrdc.org/about/)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.32)

1970        US consumer prices climbed at an annual 6%.
    (WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A12)
1970        The proportion of Americans behind bars this year was below one in 400. By 2010 the number was one in 100.
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.26)

1970        An oil barge owned by Irving Oil Co. of St. John, Canada, sank in the Gulf of the St. Lawrence about 40 miles north of Prince Edward Island. It contained 4,200 tons of oil and 7.5 tons of PCB heating fluid. In 1996 a salvage effort was attempted.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, p.A19)

1970        Mister Ed (b.1949) the talking horse, star of the 1961 TV sitcom, died. By the time Mister Ed reached the age of 19 he was suffering from a broken leg and a variety of health problems, and was quietly put to death with no publicity. However, in an interview on Los Angeles station KECT's program "Life and Times", Alan Young stated that Mr. Ed died from an inadvertent tranquilizer administered while he was "in retirement" in a stable in Burbank, California.

1970        Algeria's Socialist government permitted American writer and activist Eldridge Cleaver to open a local office of the Black Panther Movement.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

1970        An International Federation ruled current depth records too dangerous and refused to accept further records after French diver Jacques Mayol (1927-2001) and Italian diver Enzo Maiorca (1931-2016) reached 249 feet (about 73m). Their rivalry inspired much of the 1988 film, "Big Blue," directed by Luc Besson.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enzo_Maiorca)(AP, 11/13/16)

1970        In Portuguese Angola the father of Michael Durney bought the Mampeza Industrial SARL, a cannery in Benguela. By 1997 under Michael it was processing 5 tons of tuna a day and one tone of sardines and mackerel.
    (WSJ, 11/10/97, p.A17)

1970        In Argentina the Montonero Peronist Movement formed about this time as a radical terrorist, leftist, nationalist, and catholic guerrilla group. The Movimiento Peronista Montonero was active during the 1970s. Its motto was venceremos ("we'll win"). Their activity provided a pretext for the 1976 military coup.

1970        In Australia the last laws granting authorities wide powers to take Aboriginal children away from their families were abolished. Many Aborigines said statistics show the government is still far more likely to take Aboriginal children into foster care for reasons such as abuse than white children. Estimates put the number of children taken since 1910 at 55,000.
    (AP, 1/30/08)(Econ, 2/2/08, p.50)
1970        The film "Walkabout" by Nicolas Roeg was produced. It was about the Australian aborigines.
    (SFC, 12/29/96, DB p.8)
1970        Leonard Casley, a wheat farmer in Western Australia, declared his property independent and styled himself as Prince Leonard I.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.85)

1970         The Graz Academy of Music and Drama became the University of Music and Drama.
    (StuAus, April '95, p.62)
1970        The Univ. of Klagenfurt in the Carinthia province of Austria was founded.
    (StuAus, April '95, p.73)

1970        Fazle Hasan Abed (b.1936), a Bangladeshi educated in Britain, turned offices in Chittagong into a refuge for victims of the recent Bhola Cyclone. By 1972 it was known as the Bangladesh Rehabilitation Assistance Committee (BRAC). In 2010 Ian Smillie authored “Freedom From Want: The Remarkable Success Story of BRAC, the Global Grassroots Organization That's Winning the Fight Against Poverty."
    (Econ, 2/20/10, p.60)(www.brac.net/index.php?nid=11)

1970        The British Monty Python film "And Now for Something Completely Different" was produced.
    (SFC, 6/3/98, p.E3)
1970        The thriller play "Sleuth" by Anthony Shaffer (d.2001 at 75) opened in London and ran for 2,359 performances.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A25)
1970        Lord Geoffrey Rippon of Hexham (1924-1997), a member of PM Heath’s cabinet, was given the responsibility for negotiating favorable terms for Britain’s entry into the European Economic Community.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.C2)(www.onpedia.com/encyclopedia/Geoffrey-Rippon)
1970        The British government ended a policy of sending poor and orphaned children overseas under state-approved programs. Some 150,000 children had been sent to British colonies since the 17th century.
    (SFC, 8/30/18, p.A2)
1970        Britain put together a classified “War Book," featuring a doomsday scenario, with a step-by-step guide for dealing with a crisis, from the first stages of conflict to "R hour," the designation for the release of all Britain's nuclear weapons. The 1970 version was declassified in 2009. A 1964 version printed just 96 copies.
    (AP, 6/23/09)
1970        Development of the English town of Milton Keynes was begun.
    (Econ, 8/7/04, p.45)
1970        A Paul Gaugin still life that was stolen from a private collection in Britain. It hung in Sicilian autoworker's kitchen for 40 years until it was recovered by authorities in 2014. The man said he bought the painting, along with one of lesser value by Pierre Bonnard, at a 1975 Italian state railway auction of unclaimed lost items, for the equivalent of about $100.
    (AP, 4/2/14)

1970        Cambodia's Prince Norodom Sihanouk fled to China and began compiling his Bulletin Mensuel de Documentation (Monthly Documentation Bulletin). The bulletin continued on an off thru 2003.
    (WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)
1970        An AP story of looting and raping by American soldiers in Cambodia was killed by Wes Gallagher (d.1997 at 86), general manager of the new service.
    (SFC, 5/12/97, p.B5)
1970        In Cambodia Sean Flynn (28), son of Hollywood star Errol Flynn, and a close friend, Dana Stone, disappeared in the province of Kampong Cham. In 2010 searchers believed they had found Flynn’s remains and awaited forensic confirmation.
    (AP, 3/29/10)

1970        The infant gorilla later named King was captured about this time in Cameroon and shipped to the US where he performed in Las Vegas and traveled  with a circus until age 10. He spent his next 20 years at Monkey Jungle in Dade County, Fla.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A8)

1970        The Don't Make a Wave Committee of Winnipeg, Canada, was renamed Greenpeace and Ben Metcalfe became the 1st chairman.
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)
1970        West Kildonan, a suburb of Winnipeg, Canada, was incorporated into Winnipeg. Mayor Daniel Abraham Yanofsky (d.2000 at 74), a chess grandmaster, transferred to the City Council and served to 1986.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A17)
1970        Canada’s government set aside the Pacific Rim National Park Reserve to protect the coastal environment.
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.T9)

1970        China established relations with Ethiopia.
    (WSJ, 3/29/05, p.A2)
1970        China opened its Sandaoling coal mine on the edge of Xinjiang province.
    (Econ, 11/30/13, p.46)
1970        Wang Jinxi (47), icon of Chinese communism, died. Known as the “iron man," he helped turn Daqing into China’s biggest oil production center.
    (Econ, 1/10/04, p.60)

1970        In Cuba Jesus (Chucho) Valdez formed his jazz group Irakere.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.42)

1970        The Plastic People of the Universe band lost their Czechoslovak government license due to nonconformity and went underground with support from Vaclav Havel.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A19)

1970         Hubert Maga became premier (1970-1972) of Dahomey (later Benin).

1970        Denmark established compulsory sex education in classrooms.
    (Econ, 9/26/15, p.60)

1970        Khaled Mohieddin, Egyptian leftist opposition leader, was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.
    (Reuters, 5/6/18)

1970        The Finchaa Dam was built in Ethiopia.
    (WSJ, 8/22/97, p.A9)

1970        The first radioactive pacemaker was put into a patient in France.
    (Econ, 3/7/09, TQ p.26)
1970        Airbus Industrie was formally set up following an agreement between Aerospatiale (France) and Deutsche Aerospace (Germany). In 1971 it was joined by CASA (Spain). The name "Airbus" was taken from a nonproprietary term used by the airline industry in the 1960s to refer to a commercial aircraft of a certain size and range, as term was acceptable to the French linguistically.

1970        Legislators in Germany’s state of Hesse drafted the world’s first data-protection law.

1970          The population of Accra, capital of Ghana, was about 338,000.
    (AHD, 1971, p.9)

1970        India introduced “process" patents which allowed innovators to protect the way they made drugs, rather than the molecules themselves.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, Survey p.17)
1970        Ahmedabad, the largest city in India’s state of Gujarat, was the capital of Gujarat from 1960 to 1970; the capital was shifted to Gandhinagar thereafter.
1970        The shooting of tigers was banned in India.
    (NG, 12/97, p.13)

1970        In Iran velayet el-faqih, the idea of guardianship as rule, was advanced by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in a series of lectures and later formed the basis of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.46)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guardianship_of_the_Islamic_Jurists)

1970        Benjamin Weiss, an Israeli-American mathematician, first posed the "Road Coloring Problem," which essentially assumed it's possible to create a "universal map" that can direct people to arrive at a certain destination, at the same time, regardless of starting point. In 2008 Avraham Trahtman (63), immigrant mathematician from Russia, provided an 8-page solution.
    (AP, 3/20/08)(www.msnbc.msn.com/id/23729600/)
1970        The Israeli military seized privately owned land in the West Bank in the name of security and soon made it available for settlement by Israeli civilians. By 2017 the Beit El settlement numbered some 6,500 people.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.41)

1970        In Italy divorce became legal following a titanic parliamentary battle.
    (SFC, 1/29/00, p.E3)(Econ., 5/2/15, p.45)
1970        In northern Italy radicals linked up to form the Red Brigades, led by sociology students Renato Curcio and Margherita Cagol.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)

1970        The Japanese film "Dodes ka-den" was directed by Akira Kurosawa.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)
1970        In Japan the Kigenkai sect was founded based on the indigenous Shinto religion. Members sold expensive purified water to cure diseases. In 2007 police arrested 20 women of the 400-member sect, for beating a member to death for failing to carry out religious rites.
    (SFC, 10/16/07, p.A3)
1970        In Japan the first homegrown hamburger chain opened in Tokyo, a year before McDonald’s entered the market.
    (Econ, 4/22/17, p.60)

1970        In Laos the introduction of Soviet-made long-range 130mm artillery pieces onto the battlefield allowed the Pathet Lao and North Vietnamese to neutralize to some extent the Royal Lao Army's advantage of air superiority.

1970        Colonel Qaddafi expelled 20,000 Italians from Libya.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.54)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libyan_Italians)

1970        Work began in Cancun, Mexico, to develop a tourist attraction.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.T10)
1970        In Mexico under the rule of Luis Echeverria the military launched the so-called "Friendship Operation" in Guerrero. A 2006 report said there was evidence the army conducted "illegal searches, arbitrary detentions, torture, the raping of women in the presence of their husbands, and the possible extrajudicial executions of groups of people."
    (AP, 2/27/06)
1970        Mexico overhauled its labor code.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.37)

1970        In Northern Ireland the Irish Republican Army (IRA) split between more Marxist officials and soon-to-be dominant Provisionals.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Republicanism_in_Northern_Ireland)

1970        Black guerrillas fighting white rule attempted unsuccessfully to blast the body of Cecil Rhodes from his granite tomb in the Matopos Hills, Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe).
    (WSJ, 12/9/98, p.A1)

1970        Saudi Arabia’s capital of Riyadh was home to some 300,000 people. By 2014 the city grew to 50 miles across and numbered some 5 million people.
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.76)

1970        The South Pacific islands of Tonga gained independence from Britain.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)

1970        Professional boxing was banned in Sweden after a study found that it involved severe and even life-threatening injuries, had a brutalizing effect on the audience and was governed by unsound economic interests.

1970        The UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property was set up to protect cultural heritage.
    (AM, 5/01, p.20)

1970        Venezuelan oil production peaked in this year.

1970-1971    Marcus Welby, M.D. was the top ranking network show on television with a ranking of 29.6%. Robert Young (d.1998 at 91) played his TV role "Marcus Welby, M.D." until 1976.
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(SFC, 7/23/98, p.C4)

1970-1976    In Poland a government informant known as Bolek operated during this period. In 2008 two historians alleged that Lech Walesa was Bolek. Walesa denied the allegations. In 2016 the head of Poland's history institute said Lech Walesa, founder of the Solidarity freedom movement, was a paid informant for the communist-era secret security service during this period.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.58)(AP, 2/18/16)

1970s        Eden Housing, a nonprofit housing organization, began to purchase and renovate housing for low income people in the San Francisco Bay Area.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A15)
1970s        Melvin Carter confessed to terrorizing over 100 women over 9 years in the College Terrace rapes in Palo Alto, Berkeley and other cities before he was arrested. He was paroled in 1994 to public outrage.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A1,15)
1970s        "Stinky," the smelly rapist of Berkeley, was never caught.
    (SFC, 8/23/97, p.A15)

1970-1974    In 2010 Dominic Sandbrook authored “State of Emergency: The Way We Were. Britain, 1970-1974."
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.104)

1970-1979    In 1999 Stephen Paul Miller authored "The Seventies Now: Culture as Surveillance."
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.2)
1970-1979    In 2000 David Frum authored: "How We Got Here--The 70s: The Decade that Brought You Modern Life (For Better or Worse)."
    (WSJ, 1/27/00, p.A20)
1970-1979    In the 1970s Bill Hewlett and David Packard championed a management style called “Management by Walking Around" (MBWA).
    (www.michaellorenzen.com/mbwa.html)(Econ, 1/21/06, Surveyp.15)
1970-1979    CAT Scan (Computer Assisted Tomography) technology was developed.
    (MT, 10/94, p.9)
1970-1979    In the 1970s the Australian government took over the Ghan rail line, running from Adelaide to Alice Springs, and upgraded the tracks to standard gauge. The last Ghan steam engine was replaced in 1982.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.T9)
1970-1979    The Mexican government expropriated thousands of acres of ejido (collective) land nationwide in the 1970s to promote tourism and other development.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.A14)

1970-1980    Some 94% of China's villagers were covered by cooperative medical schemes. But the collectives were disbanded during market reforms of the 1980s which ended cradle-to-grave welfare for the masses.
    (Reuters, 11/18/05)

1970-1988    Lubomir Strougal served as prime minister of Czechoslovakia.
    (SFC, 8/1/01, p.A9)(www.charta77.org/strougal.htm)

1970-1989    In 1997 the editors of “Ben Is Dead" magazine edited "Retro Hell: Life in the ‘70s and ‘80’s: from Afros to Zotz."
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.C9)

1970-1997    The IRA killed 1,775 people and wounded more than 20,000 others during this period in hopes of forcing Northern Ireland out of the United Kingdom and into the Irish Republic.
    (AP, 4/26/07)

1970-1998    Brazilian Gold miners worked in the Yanomani reservation near Venezuela beginning in the 1970s and during this period introduced diseases that cut the Indian population by more than half.
    (WSJ, 1/15/98, p.A1)
1970-1998    The history of Cambodia over this period was covered by Henry Kamm of the NY Times: "Cambodia: Report from a Stricken Land."
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.2)

1970-2000    This period in Irish history was later covered by 2007 R.F. Foster in his “Luck & the Irish: A Brief History of Change 1970-2000."
    (Econ, 10/20/07, p.116)

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